Motorola VT2142 User guide

User Guide
VT2142 Voice Gateway
Overview
Installation
Troubleshooting
Configuration: Basic
Contact
Advanced
FAQ
TCP/IP
Glossary
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Your Internet Telephone Service and Emergency Medical Services (EMS)
Vonage provides access to public emergency call services to all customers. The details vary depending on the
country in which you subscribe to Vonage Internet telephone service:
Country
Refer To
Canada
Your Internet Telephone Service and 911 in Canada (see page iii)
United Kingdom
Your Internet Telephone Service and 999 in the United Kingdom (see page iv)
United States of America
Your Internet Telephone Service and 911 in the United States (see page v)
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Overview
Installation
Troubleshooting
Configuration: Basic
Contact
Advanced
FAQ
TCP/IP
Glossary
License
Your Internet Telephone Service and 911 in Canada
Vonage Canada offers a form of 9-1-1 service (9-1-1 Dialing) that is similar to traditional 9-1-1 (911) service but
has some important differences and limitations when compared with enhanced 9-1-1 service (E911) available in
most locations in conjunction with traditional telephone service. With both traditional 9-1-1 and E911 service, your
call is sent directly to the nearest emergency response centre. In addition, with E911 service, your call back
number and address are visible to the emergency response centre call–taker. With Vonage's 9-1-1 service, your
call is sent to a national emergency call centre. The call centre operator will confirm your location information and
then transfer your 9-1-1 call to the emergency response centre nearest your location. You should be prepared to
confirm your address and call-back number with the operator. Do not hang up unless told directly to do so and if
disconnected, you should dial 9-1-1 again.
You should ensure your location information, when registered with Vonage Canada, is kept current at all times. In
case you are not able to speak during the 911 call, the call taker would dispatch emergency response vehicles to
your last registered address. Remember that you need to update your 9-1-1 Dialing information if you move your
device to a different location and/or if you add a new line to your account.
Your 9-1-1 Dialing service is activated when you subscribe to Vonage Canada service.
Caution!
IMPORTANT: When using this VT2142 voice gateway, you CANNOT make any calls, including an
emergency call, and E911 location services WILL NOT be available, under the following
circumstances:
•
Your broadband Internet Service Provider (ISP) connection goes down, is lost, or otherwise fails
•
You lose electrical power
•
Your broadband, ISP, or Vonage service is suspended or terminated
You should inform any household residents, guests and other persons who may be present at the physical
location where you utilize the Vonage Canada service, of the important differences in and limitations of VoIP 9-1-1
Dialing service as compared with E911 service, as set out above.
We limit our liability to you in respect of our 911 Dialing service as we do not have any control over whether, or the
manner in which, calls using our 911 Dialing service are answered or addressed by any local emergency response
centre and we rely on third parties to assist us in routing 911 Dialing calls to local emergency response centres
and to a national emergency calling centre. Prior to subscribing to Vonage Canada service, you must review the
full text of applicable limitations of liability set out in the Terms of Service available at
http://www.vonage.ca/features_terms_service.php.
Note: Vonage, not Motorola, is responsible for the provision of VoIP telephony services through this equipment.
Motorola shall not be liable for, and expressly disclaims, any direct or indirect liabilities, damages, losses, claims,
demands, actions, causes of action, risks or harms arising from or related to the services provided through this
equipment.
For more information about 911 and Vonage Internet Phone Service, go to http://www.vonage.ca/911.
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Overview
Installation
Troubleshooting
Configuration: Basic
Contact
Advanced
FAQ
TCP/IP
Glossary
License
Your Internet Telephone Service and 999 in the United Kingdom
Vonage provides access to public emergency call services to all customers. When you dial 999, your call is routed
from the Vonage network to national emergency operators who will handle your call.
Caution!
IMPORTANT: When using this VT2142 voice gateway, you CANNOT make any calls, including an
emergency call, and 999 location services WILL NOT be available, under the following circumstances:
•
Your broadband Internet Service Provider (ISP) connection goes down, is lost, or otherwise fails
•
You lose electrical power
•
Your broadband, ISP, or Vonage service is suspended or terminated
When using this voice gateway, you may be able to make an emergency call to an operator, but E999 location
services may not be available, under the following circumstances:
•
You have changed the physical address of your voice gateway, and you did not update or otherwise advise
Vonage of this change.
•
You are using a non-U.K. telephone number.
•
There are delays in making your location information available in or through the local automatic location
information database.
Note: Vonage, not Motorola, is responsible for the provision of VoIP telephone services through this equipment.
Motorola shall not be liable for, and expressly disclaims, any direct or indirect liabilities, damages, losses, claims,
demands, actions, causes of action, risks or harms arising from or related to the services provided through this
equipment.
To learn more about 999 and Vonage Internet Phone Service, go to
http://www.vonage.co.uk/features.php?feature=911.
VT2142 Voice Gateway User Guide
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Overview
Installation
Troubleshooting
Configuration: Basic
Contact
Advanced
FAQ
TCP/IP
Glossary
License
Your Internet Telephone Service and 911 in the United States
Caution!
IMPORTANT: When using this VT2142 voice gateway, you CANNOT make any calls, including an
emergency call, and E911 location services WILL NOT be available, under the following circumstances:
•
•
•
Your broadband Internet Service Provider (ISP) connection goes down, is lost, or otherwise fails
You lose electrical power
Your broadband, ISP, or Vonage service is suspended or terminated
When using this voice gateway, you may be able to make an emergency call to an operator, but E911 location
services may not be available, under the following circumstances:
•
You have changed the physical address of your voice gateway, and you did not update or otherwise advise
Vonage of this change.
•
You are using a non-U.S. telephone number.
•
There are delays in making your location information available in or through the local automatic location
information database.
Note: Vonage, not Motorola, is responsible for the provision of VoIP telephone services through this equipment.
Motorola shall not be liable for, and expressly disclaims, any direct or indirect liabilities, damages, losses, claims,
demands, actions, causes of action, risks or harms arising from or related to the services provided through this
equipment.
For more information about 911 and Vonage Internet Phone Service, go to http://www.vonage.com/911.
VT2142 Voice Gateway User Guide
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Overview
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Configuration: Basic
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Important Safety Information
WARNING: TO PREVENT FIRE OR SHOCK HAZARD, DO NOT EXPOSE THIS PRODUCT TO RAIN OR
MOISTURE. THE UNIT MUST NOT BE EXPOSED TO DRIPPING OR SPLASHING. DO NOT PLACE OBJECTS
FILLED WITH LIQUIDS, SUCH AS VASES, ON THE UNIT.
CAUTION: TO PREVENT ELECTRIC SHOCK, THIS EQUIPMENT MAY REQUIRE A GROUNDING
CONDUCTOR IN THE LINE CORD. CONNECT THE UNIT TO A GROUNDING TYPE AC WALL OUTLET USING
THE POWER CORD SUPPLIED WITH THE UNIT.
CAUTION: THIS PRODUCT WAS QUALIFIED UNDER TEST CONDITIONS THAT INCLUDED THE USE OF
THE SUPPLIED CABLES BETWEEN SYSTEMS COMPONENTS. TO ENSURE REGULATORY AND SAFETY
COMPLIANCE, USE ONLY THE PROVIDED POWER AND INTERFACE CABLES AND INSTALL THEM PROPERLY.
CAUTION: DIFFERENT TYPES OF CORD SETS MAY BE USED FOR CONNECTIONS TO THE MAIN SUPPLY
CIRCUIT. USE ONLY A MAIN LINE CORD THAT COMPLIES WITH ALL APPLICABLE PRODUCT SAFETY
REQUIREMENTS OF THE COUNTRY OF USE.
CAUTION: INSTALLATION OF THIS PRODUCT MUST BE IN ACCORDANCE WITH NATIONAL WIRING
CODES AND CONFORM TO LOCAL REGULATIONS.
CAUTION: DO NOT OPEN THE UNIT. DO NOT PERFORM ANY SERVICING OTHER THAN THAT CONTAINED
IN THE INSTALLATION AND TROUBLESHOOTING INSTRUCTIONS. REFER ALL SERVICING TO QUALIFIED
SERVICE PERSONNEL.
CAUTION: CHANGES AND MODIFICATIONS NOT EXPRESSLY APPROVED BY MOTOROLA FOR
COMPLIANCE COULD VOID USER’S AUTHORITY TO OPERATE THE EQUIPMENT.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS — When using your telephone equipment, basic safety precautions
should always be followed to reduce the risk of fire, electric shock, and injury to persons, including the following:
•
Read all of the instructions listed here and/or in the user manual before you operate this equipment. Give
particular attention to all safety precautions. Retain the instructions for future reference.
•
This device must be installed and used in strict accordance with manufacturer’s instructions as described in
the user documentation that comes with the product.
•
Comply with all warning and caution statements in the instructions. Observe all warning and caution symbols
that are affixed to this equipment.
•
•
Comply with all instructions that accompany this equipment.
•
Route power supply cords so that they are not likely to be walked on or pinched by items placed upon or
against them. Pay particular attention to cords where they are attached to plugs and convenience
receptacles, and examine the point where they exit from the product.
•
Place this equipment in a location that is close enough to an electrical outlet to accommodate the length of
the power cord.
•
•
Place unit to allow for easy access when disconnecting the power cord of the device from the AC wall outlet.
•
•
Place this equipment on a stable surface.
Do not overload outlets or extension cords, as this can result in a risk of fire or electric shock. Overloaded AC
outlets, extension cords, frayed power cords, damaged or cracked wire insulation, and broken plugs are
dangerous. They may result in a shock or fire hazard.
Do not connect the plug into an extension cord, receptacle, or other outlet unless the plug can be fully
inserted with no part of the blades exposed.
It is recommended that the customer install an AC surge protector in the AC outlet to which this device is
connected. This is to avoid damaging the equipment by local lightning strikes and other electrical surges.
VT2142 Voice Gateway User Guide
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Configuration: Basic
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•
Do not cover the device, or block the airflow to the device with any other objects. Keep the device away from
excessive heat and humidity and keep the device free from vibration and dust.
•
Wipe the unit with a clean, dry cloth. Never use cleaning fluid or similar chemicals. Do not spray cleaners
directly on the unit or use forced air to remove dust.
•
Operate this product only from the type of power source indicated on the product’s marking label. If you are
not sure of the type of power supplied to your home, consult your dealer or local power company.
•
Do not use this product near water for example, near a bathtub, washbowl, kitchen sink or laundry tub, in a
wet basement or near a swimming pool.
•
Avoid using a telephone (other than a cordless type) during an electrical storm. There may be a remote risk of
electric shock from lightning.
•
•
Do not use the telephone to report a gas leak in the vicinity of the leak.
•
CAUTION: To reduce the risk of fire, use only No. 26 AWG or larger (e.g., 24 AWG) UL Listed or CSA
Certified Telecommunication Line Cord.
•
•
•
Disconnect TNV circuit connector(s) before disconnecting power.
•
Use only the power cord and batteries indicated in this manual. Do not dispose of batteries in a fire. They may
explode. Check with local codes for possible special disposal instructions.
Disconnect TNV circuit connector before removing cover.
Upon completion of any service or repairs to this product, ask the service technician to perform safety checks
to determine that the product is in safe operating condition.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
FCC Compliance Class B Digital Device
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not
cause harmful interference, and (2) This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the
FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is
operated in a residential environment. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there
is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to
radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to
correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
•
•
•
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Changes or modification not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
Canada - Industry Canada (IC)
This Class B digital device complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
VT2142 Voice Gateway User Guide
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Overview
Installation
Troubleshooting
Configuration: Basic
Contact
Advanced
FAQ
TCP/IP
Glossary
License
Caring for the Environment by Recycling
When you see this symbol on a Motorola product, do not dispose of the product with residential
or commercial waste.
Recycling your Motorola Equipment
Please do not dispose of this product with your residential or commercial waste. Some countries
or regions, such as the European Union, have set up systems to collect and recycle electrical
and electronic waste items. Contact your local authorities for information about practices
established for your region. If collection systems are not available, call Motorola Customer
Service for assistance.
Regulatory, Safety, Software License, and Warranty Information Card
This product is provided with a separate Regulatory, Safety, Software License, and Warranty Information card.
THIS PRODUCT IS IN COMPLIANCE WITH ONE OR MORE OF THE STANDARDS LISTED ON THE
REGULATORY, SAFETY, SOFTWARE LICENSE, AND WARRANTY INFORMATION CARD. NOT ALL
STANDARDS APPLY TO ALL MODELS.
NO WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND ARE PROVIDED BY MOTOROLA WITH RESPECT TO THIS PRODUCT,
EXCEPT AS STATED ON THE REGULATORY, SAFETY, SOFTWARE LICENSE, AND WARRANTY
INFORMATION CARD. MOTOROLA’S WARRANTIES DO NOT APPLY TO PRODUCT THAT HAS BEEN
REFURBISHED, RECONDITIONED, OR REISSUED BY YOUR SERVICE PROVIDER.
Copyright © 2006 by Motorola, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means or used to make any derivative work (such as
translation, transformation or adaptation) without written permission from Motorola, Inc.
Motorola reserves the right to revise this publication and to make changes in content from time to time without obligation on the part of Motorola
to provide notification of such revision or change. Motorola provides this guide without warranty of any kind, either implied or expressed,
including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Motorola may make improvements or
changes in the product(s) described in this manual at any time.
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office. Vonage, The Broadband Phone Company, and Vonage
Digital Voice are registered service marks owned and used under license from Vonage Marketing, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Vonage
Holdings Corp. Microsoft, Windows, and Windows ME are either trademarks or registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the U.S and/or
other countries. Microsoft Windows screen shots are used by permission of Microsoft Corporation. Macintosh is a registered trademark of Apple
Computer, Inc. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds. Adobe and Reader are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems, Incorporated in
the United States and other countries. Netscape and Navigator are registered trademarks of Netscape Communications Corporation. UNIX is a
registered trademark of the Open Group in the United States and other countries. Firefox is a registered trademark of the Mozilla Foundation.
DOCSIS is a registered trademark of Cable Television Laboratories, Inc. All other product or service names are the property of their respective
owners.
VT2142 Voice Gateway User Guide
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Overview
Installation
Troubleshooting
Configuration: Basic
Contact
Advanced
FAQ
TCP/IP
Glossary
License
Contents
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Rear Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Before You Begin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Gather Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Connect the VT2142 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Installation With an Existing Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Installation With a Standard Modem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Connecting Your Telephone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Basic Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Logging In to the VT2142 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Configuration Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Exporting the VT2142 Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Importing the Saved Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Restarting the VT2142 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Logging Out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
WAN Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
WAN Setup for PPPoE (DSL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
WAN Setup for a Static IP Address (Cable Modem) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
WAN Setup for DHCP (Cable Modem) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
LAN Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Advanced Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
ADVANCED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
UPnP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
IP QoS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
IP QoS Traffic Rule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Port Forwarding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Custom Port Forwarding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
DMZ Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
IP Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
Custom IP Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
LAN Clients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Web Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Dynamic DNS Client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Multicast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Static Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Dynamic Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Remote Web Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
Remote SSH Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
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TOOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Restore Defaults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Import/Export Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
Remote Log – Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
User Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Ping Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Restart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
STATUS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
Network Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
Connection Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
DDNS Update Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
DHCP Clients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
Product Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
System Log – Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
Configuring TCP/IP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Configuring TCP/IP in Windows 98 or Windows Me . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
Configuring TCP/IP in Windows 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
Configuring TCP/IP in Windows XP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
Verifying the IP Address in Windows 98 or Windows Me . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
Verifying the IP Address in Windows 2000 or Windows XP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Resetting All of Your Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65
Contact Us . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Frequently Asked Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Software License . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
VT2142 Voice Gateway User Guide
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Overview
The VT2142 Voice Gateway enables up to two standard analog telephones to use digital telephone services over
a broadband Internet connection. The broadband connection can be any high-speed data service through either:
•
A cable modem connected to coaxial cable from a cable television company
•
A DSL (digital subscriber line) modem connected to telephone wiring from a telephone company
The VT2142 provides an Ethernet port and a built-in router for a home or small office local area network (LAN).
You can connect one computer directly to the VT2142.
By adding hubs or other routers, you can expand your network up to the recommended maximum of 16 connected
devices. The computers on the VT2142 network must:
•
•
Have a 10Base-T or 10/100Base-T Ethernet adapter
Be running Microsoft® Windows®, Macintosh® OS, Linux®, or UNIX®
Features
The VT2142 Voice Gateway provides:
•
•
Up to two lines of robust, full-featured telephone and fax service
•
•
VPN passthrough support for remote access to enterprise applications
•
•
•
•
•
Plug-and-play installation
Voice-over-data prioritization so you can speak on the phone while using the Internet with no reduction in
voice quality
Portability to plug into any cable or DSL broadband connection (see “Your Internet Telephone Service and
Emergency Medical Services (EMS)” on page ii for important information if you move your voice gateway to
another location)
Compact, low-profile design
Easy Web-based configuration (see “Basic Configuration” on page 12)
Support for features such as caller ID, call waiting, three-way calling, and call forwarding
Firewall to help protect your network against external attacks
If you connect the VT2142 directly to your cable or DSL modem, it can prioritize voice calls over data traffic to help
ensure high-quality phone service.
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Front Panel
The front panel provides the following lights:
Light
Description
Phone 1, 2
Indicates the status of phone line one and optional line two, respectively:
• Solid green — The phone for that line is on hook, registered with Vonage, and ready for use.
• Blinking green — The phone for that line is ringing or off hook.
• Blinking orange — You have voice mail.
• Both blinking rapidly in unison with the Power light — The voice gateway is downloading a firmware
upgrade from Vonage. Please do not unplug or disconnect your voice gateway while it is downloading
firmware.
• Off — The phone line is not registered for Vonage service. You cannot use it for phone calls.
Internet
Indicates the Internet connection speed:
• Solid green — 100Base-T
• Solid yellow — 10Base-T
Flashes when there is activity on the Internet connection.
Ethernet
Indicates the speed of the Ethernet connection:
• Solid green — 100Base-T
• Solid yellow — 10Base-T
Flashes when there is activity on the Ethernet connection.
Power
If it is ever red — blinking or solid — restart the voice gateway (see “Restarting the VT2142” on
page 14).
During a normal start-up, it lights in the following sequence:
• Blinking once — You have turned the voice gateway on by plugging it in to AC power.
• Blinking twice — The voice gateway is retrieving its IP address.
• Blinking three times — The voice gateway is downloading its configuration file from Vonage.
• Blinking four times — The voice gateway is connecting to the Vonage server.
• (Optional) Blinking rapidly in unison with the Phone 1 and 2 lights — The voice gateway is
downloading a firmware upgrade from Vonage. Please do not unplug or disconnect your voice
gateway while it is downloading firmware.
• Solid green — The voice gateway has successfully registered with Vonage. If a firmware upgrade was
needed, it has been successfully completed.
W
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Rear Panel
The rear panel provides the following ports:
1
Key Item
2
3
4
5
Description
1
Power
Connector for a 12 V adapter that you plug into an AC power outlet
2
Reset
Press to restart the VT2142; you can also restart your voice gateway using its graphical user
interface (GUI) as described in “Restarting the VT2142” on page 14
3
Ethernet
Yellow Ethernet port
4
Internet
Blue Ethernet port to your cable or DSL modem
5
Phone
1 and 2
Green ports for phones one and two (optional). If you subscribe to only one phone line from
Vonage, you must connect your phone to the Phone 1 port.
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Installation
To install your VT2142, you need to:
•
Review “Before You Begin” on page 4 and “Precautions” on page 5
•
Gather Information (see page 5)
•
Connect the VT2142 (see page 5)
Before You Begin
Before you begin installation, check that you received the following items with your VT2142:
Item
Description
AC adapter
Connects the VT2142 to an AC electrical outlet (the plug shown is for the United
States or Canada; yours may look different)
Ethernet cables
Blue cable connects the Internet port on your VT2142 to your cable or DSL modem
Yellow cable connects the Ethernet port on your VT2142 to a computer or other
network device
Vertical mounting stand
Provides vertical mounting on a desktop or other flat surface to use less space
VT2142 Voice Gateway Quick
Start Guide
Provides instructions to quickly set up and configure your voice gateway
Telephone Jack
Converts a British BT431 telephone cord to RJ-11 to connect to the voice gateway
Adapter (UK only)
In addition to your VT2142 voice gateway, you also need:
•
•
•
An established DSL or cable Internet connection
One or two touch-tone telephones
One or more computers with these minimum requirements:
— Pentium-class processor or faster
— 16 MB of memory
— 10 MB of hard disk space available
— Windows® 98, Windows 98 SE, Windows Me®, Windows XP™
If you purchased your VT2142 voice gateway from a retail location, you must first activate your Vonage® Phone
Service. You will need to provide the WAN MAC ID on the bottom of the VT2142.
•
In Canada, visit www.vonage.ca/activate
•
In the United Kingdom, visit www.vonage.co.uk/activate
•
In the United States, visit www.vonage.com/activate
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Precautions
Postpone installation until there is no risk of thunderstorm or lightning activity in the area.
To prevent overheating the voice gateway, do not block the ventilation holes on the unit.
Do not open the voice gateway. Refer all service to Vonage.
Caution!
This product is for indoor use only. Do not route the Ethernet or telephone cables outside the building.
Exposure of the cables to lightning could cause a safety hazard and damage the product.
Caution!
We recommend powering your voice gateway through a surge protector or uninterruptible power
supply (UPS).
Gather Information
You may need to obtain the following information about your high-speed Internet connection:
•
•
For a DSL connection only, your user name and password
For a cable modem connection using static IP addresses only, your IP address, subnet mask, default
gateway, and DNS server IP address or addresses
If you already have a router, we recommend printing its configuration screens to use for reference during Basic
Configuration.
Connect the VT2142
•
If you already have a router, use instructions A: Installation With an Existing Router (see page 6).
If you have more than one computer connected to a single Internet connection, you have a router.
•
If your cable or DSL modem has a built-in router with multiple computers connected, you should also use
instructions A.
Some cable data and DSL providers supply modems containing a router. If your modem has
multiple Ethernet ports, it probably contains a router. If you are not sure, call your cable or DSL
provider and ask them whether your modem contains a router.
•
If you have a standard cable or DSL modem with just one computer connected, use instructions B: Installation
With a Standard Modem (see page 8).
You can place the VT2142 on a flat surface horizontally or vertically. For vertical installation, insert the voice
gateway into the supplied base stand. The voice gateway slides snugly into a notch in the stand to keep it stable.
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A Installation With an Existing Router
Internet
Cable or DSL modem
-
+
Existing router
Reset
Power
LAN
4
3
2
1
WAN
To AC
power
Computer to configure
the VT2142
Optional phone or fax machine
for a second line from Vonage
You must connect a
phone to the
Phone 1 port
1
Unplug your cable or DSL modem power cord or adapter.
2
Unplug your router power cord or adapter. Please leave your modem and router connected to the cable or
phone line that provides your Internet connection.
3
Disconnect one computer from your router.
4
Connect one end of the blue Ethernet cable to an Ethernet port on your router.
5
Connect the other end of the blue Ethernet cable to the blue Ethernet port labelled Internet on the rear panel
of your voice gateway.
6
Connect one end of the yellow Ethernet cable to the Ethernet port on your voice gateway.
7
Connect the other end of the yellow Ethernet cable to the Ethernet port on the computer you disconnected in
step 3.
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Plug your cable or DSL modem power cord or adapter into an AC power outlet. Refer to the instructions
provided with the modem.
IMPORTANT: Before you continue, be sure to allow enough time for your modem to complete
its start-up process. Refer to the information provided by the modem manufacturer. For
example, startup for a Motorola SURFboard cable modem is complete when its Power, Receive,
Send, and Online lights are on and no longer flashing.
9
Plug your router power cord or adapter into an AC power outlet. Be sure to allow enough time for your router
to complete its start-up process. Refer to the instructions provided with the router.
10 Connect the power adapter supplied with your voice gateway to the Power connector on its rear panel.
11 Plug the other end into an AC power outlet.
This turns on your voice gateway. The VT2142 does not have an On/Off power switch. The Power light on the
front panel performs a series of blinks as described in “Front Panel” on page 2. You should not unplug your
voice gateway when it is not in use.
IMPORTANT: Before you continue, be sure to allow enough time for your voice gateway to
complete its start-up process. VT2142 startup is complete when the Power light on its front
panel lights solid green. This usually takes a few minutes.
We recommend plugging the VT2142 power adapter into an electrical outlet that is grounded and equipped
with a surge protector or UPS.
12 Turn on your computer. The Ethernet light on the VT2142 front panel should light.
IMPORTANT: Before you continue, be sure the VT2142 Power, Ethernet, and Internet lights
are all on.
13 On your computer, open a Web browser such as Microsoft Internet Explorer, Netscape Navigator®, or
Mozilla Firefox®.
14 Check your Internet connection by visiting any website.
If your Internet connection does not work, see “Troubleshooting” on page 64.
If your Internet connection works, go to C “Connecting Your Telephone” on page 11.
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B Installation With a Standard Modem
Internet
Cable or DSL modem
To AC
power
You must connect a phone
to the Phone 1 port
Optional phone or fax machine
for a second line from Vonage
1
Shut down your computer properly. Follow the instructions provided with the computer.
2
Unplug your cable or DSL modem power cord or adapter.
3
Disconnect any cables connecting your computer to the modem. Please leave your modem connected to
the cable or phone line that provides your Internet connection.
Hint: Your modem should remain off for about 10 minutes to “clear its memory” so it can recognize the
VT2142 when you turn it back on. You can continue with the installation during this time.
4
Connect one end of the blue Ethernet cable to the Ethernet port on your modem.
5
Connect the other end of the blue Ethernet cable to the blue Ethernet port labeled Internet on the rear panel
of your voice gateway.
6
Connect one end of the yellow Ethernet cable to the Ethernet port on your voice gateway.
7
Connect the other end of the yellow Ethernet cable to the Ethernet port on your computer.
Note: If your high-speed Internet connection was through USB and your computer does not have an
Ethernet adapter, see “Troubleshooting” on page 64 for information.
8
Plug your cable or DSL modem power cord or adapter into an AC power outlet. Refer to the instructions
provided with the modem.
IMPORTANT: Before you continue, be sure to allow enough time for your modem to complete
its start-up process. Refer to the information provided by the modem manufacturer. For
example, startup for a Motorola SURFboard cable modem is complete when its Power, Receive,
Send, and Online lights are on and no longer flashing.
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Connect the power adapter supplied with your voice gateway to the Power port on its rear panel.
10 Plug the other end into an AC power outlet.
This turns on your voice gateway. The VT2142 does not have an On/Off power switch. The Power light on the
front panel performs a series of blinks as described in “Front Panel” on page 2. You should not unplug your
voice gateway when it is not in use.
IMPORTANT: Before you continue, be sure to allow enough time for your voice gateway to
complete its start-up process. VT2142 startup is complete when the Power light on its front
panel lights solid green. This usually takes a few minutes.
We recommend plugging the VT2142 power adapter into an electrical outlet that is grounded and equipped
with a surge protector or UPS.
11 Turn on your computer. The Ethernet light on the VT2142 front panel should light.
IMPORTANT: Before you continue, be sure the VT2142 Power, Ethernet, and Internet lights
are all on.
12 On your computer, open a Web browser such as Microsoft Internet Explorer, Netscape Navigator®, or
Mozilla Firefox®.
13 Check your Internet connection by visiting any website.
If your Internet connection does not work, continue with step 14.
If your Internet connection works, go to C “Connecting Your Telephone” on page 11.
14 Depending on whether your high-speed Internet service is cable or DSL, do one of the following:
Cable modem users:
First, as mentioned in step 3, be sure your cable modem remained off for at least 10 minutes before you
turned it back on.
If leaving the cable modem unplugged for at least 10 minutes does not correct your problem, you may need to
register your VT2142 with your cable provider. Please contact them to update your information. You need to
provide them with the WAN MAC ID on the bottom of the VT2142.
When your Internet connection works, go to C “Connecting Your Telephone” on page 11.
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DSL modem users:
You may need to configure PPPoE to work with your VT2142:
•
On a computer connected to one of the VT2142 Ethernet ports, open a Web browser.
•
In the Address field, type http://192.168.15.1 and press ENTER.
•
In the Username and Password fields, type router and click Log In. The HOME page is displayed.
•
Click SETUP followed by WAN Configuration. From the Type drop-down list, choose PPPoE:
•
Type the Username and Password you normally use to log in to your DSL service.
•
In the Keep Alive field, type 0 to ensure that your DSL link is always active.
•
Click Connect to start your Internet connection.
•
Click Save. Go back to step 13 to test your Internet connection.
•
For details and more screen shots, see “Logging In to the VT2142” on page 12 and “WAN Setup for
PPPoE (DSL)” on page 16.
When your Internet connection works, go to C “Connecting Your Telephone” on page 11.
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Your Telephone
C Connecting
1
In the United Kingdom, connect your BT telephone cord to the Telephone Jack Adapter. Connect the adapter
to the green Phone 1 port on the VT2142.
In the United States or Canada, connect a telephone cord to the green Phone 1 port on the VT2142.
If you only subscribed to one phone line from Vonage, you must connect your phone to the Phone 1 port.
2
If you subscribed to a second phone or fax line from Vonage, connect a telephone or fax machine to the
Phone 2 port.
3
Check for a dial tone. If you hear a recording instructing you to connect your phone to the Phone 1 port,
please do so. If you hear neither this message nor a dial tone, refer to “Troubleshooting” on page 64.
4
If you hear a dial tone:
•
In Canada, you are ready to send and receive calls.
•
In the United Kingdom, call 0207 993 8973 to complete your installation.
•
In the United States, call 1-800-342-1791 to complete your installation.
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Basic Configuration
The VT2142 provides a graphical user interface (GUI) to configure Ethernet, router, DHCP, and security settings.
It is much easier to configure your local area network (LAN) using a VT2142 than with traditional networking
equipment. For basic operation, most default settings require no modification.
The following sections describe:
•
Logging In to the VT2142 (see page 12)
•
Configuration Overview (see page 13)
•
Restarting the VT2142 (see page 14)
•
Logging Out (see page 14)
•
WAN Configuration (see page 15)
•
LAN Configuration (see page 20)
If DHCP is enabled on all of the computers on your network (LAN), you do not need to change any of the default
LAN settings. Unless you have sufficient networking knowledge, we recommend not changing any LAN settings.
For information about advanced configuration, see “Advanced Configuration” on page 22.
Logging In to the VT2142
1
On a computer connected to the VT2142, open a Web browser.
2
In the Address or Location field, type http://192.168.15.1 and press ENTER to display the Log In page.
3
In the Username field, type router.
4
In the Password field, type the password (the default is “router”).
5
Click Log In to display the HOME page:
If you have difficulty logging in, see “Troubleshooting” on page 64.
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Configuration Overview
The main menu at the top provides:
Item
Click To
HOME
Display the home page
SETUP
Perform WAN Configuration or LAN Configuration
ADVANCED
Enable/configure UPnP, IP QoS, Web filters, multicast, routing, remote Web access, SSH access, port
forwarding, IP filters, and other functionality
TOOLS
Restore, import, export, update, or save the configuration, specify log messages, change the password,
determine whether a computer can be reached over the network, or restart the VT2142
STATUS
Display network statistical information
HELP
Display links to information about the Firewall, LAN Clients, PPPoE Connection, UPnP, IP QoS, and RIP
Log Out
Log out of the VT2142
The following buttons appear at the bottom right on each configuration page:
Item
Click To
Save
Save your changes. If you restart your voice gateway without saving your changes, all of your changes
are lost. After it restarts, the voice gateway uses its last saved configuration.
Cancel
Clear your changes on the current page and return to the main menu. After you click Save, cancel does
not clear your changes.
Exporting the VT2142 Configuration
Before making changes, we recommend exporting the current configuration to use as a “backup.”
To export the VT2142 configuration:
1
Click Tools.
2
Click Import/Export Configuration to display the Import/Export Configuration page.
3
Click Export. The VT2142 configuration is saved a file called config.bin on your computer hard drive.
Importing the Saved Configuration
If you have exported the configuration, you can import the saved configuration to return the voice gateway to its
state when you exported the configuration.
To import a saved configuration from your computer to the VT2142:
1
Click Tools.
2
Click Import/Export Configuration to display the Import/Export Configuration page.
3
Type the path and filename or click Browse to select the desired configuration file.
4
Click Import. The update status appears at the bottom of the window. When the update is finished, the voice
gateway restarts. You will need to log in again.
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Restarting the VT2142
1
Click TOOLS.
2
Click Restart on the menu at left:
3
Click the Restart button.
If the VT2142 Power light is red after you restart the VT2142, refer to “Troubleshooting” on page 64.
Logging Out
1
On the main menu, click Log Out. The text Are you sure you want to Log Out? is displayed.
2
Click Log Out. The VT2142 login screen appears.
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WAN Configuration
1
Log in to the VT2142 (see “Logging In to the VT2142” on page 12).
2
Click SETUP.
3
Click WAN Configuration.
4
From the Type drop-down list, choose one of:
PPPoE PPPoE is used with all DSL modems
See “WAN Setup for PPPoE (DSL)” on
page 16
Static
For some cable modems, the cable company assigns the
cable modem a static (unchanging) IP address. You must
provide the IP address, subnet mask, default gateway,
and one to three domain name server (DNS) addresses.
See “WAN Setup for a Static IP Address
(Cable Modem)” on page 17
DHCP
Most cable modems have a dynamic IP address assigned See “WAN Setup for a Static IP Address
by the cable company DHCP server. Typically no
(Cable Modem)” on page 19
additional configuration is needed for the VT2142.
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WAN Setup for PPPoE (DSL)
PPPoE Connection Setup fields and buttons
Field or Button
Description
Options
We recommend leaving the following selected:
• NAT — Enables Network Address Translation
• Firewall — Enables the VT2142 firewall
User name
Your PPPoE user name provided by your DSL provider.
Password
Your PPPoE password provided by your DSL provider.
Keep Alive
Sets the time before your DSL provider terminates an inactive connection. To ensure that your
DSL link is always active, type 0 in this field.
Authentication
Sets the authentication:
• Auto — Automatic
• CHAP — Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol
• PAP — Password Authentication Protocol
Microsoft CHAP v2 is supported in the Auto and CHAP options. MS CHAP v1 is not supported.
MTU
The maximum transmission unit for the DSL connection. It is a negotiated value that represents
the maximum size in bytes of the packets sent over the connection. The default is 1492. The
maximum is 1500. The minimum is 64.
Override MAC
If your cable or DSL provider associates a particular service to a specific device, such as your
computer, select this field and type that MAC address in the MAC field to use as a “virtual” WAN
MAC address instead of the VT2142 MAC address. By default, the MAC address printed on the
VT2142 is displayed in this field.
Restore
Restores the actual VT2142 MAC address.
Enforce MTU
If enabled (the default), all TCP segments must have a size within the PPPoE MTU. If you disable
this, you may have problems accessing some Internet sites.
Debug
Enables PPPoE debugging for use by technical support personnel only.
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PPPoE Connection Setup fields and buttons (continued)
Field or Button
Description
Connect
Establishes the DSL connection.
Disconnect
Ends the DSL connection. If you disconnect your DSL connection, your VoIP service cannot work.
WAN Setup for a Static IP Address (Cable Modem)
Options
We recommend leaving the following selected:
• NAT — Enables Network Address Translation
• Firewall — Enables the VT2142 firewall
Type the following in dotted-decimal format as assigned by your cable provider:
IP Address
The static IP address
Mask
The subnet mask
Gateway
The gateway IP address
Default Gateway The default gateway IP address
DNS 1, 2, and 3
One to three domain name server IP addresses
Optional fields and buttons are:
Override MAC
If your cable or DSL provider associates a particular service to a specific device, such as your
computer, select this field and type that MAC address in the MAC field to use as a “virtual”
WAN MAC address instead of the VT2142 MAC address. By default, the MAC address printed
on the VT2142 is displayed in this field.
Restore
Restores the actual VT2142 MAC address.
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PPTP Settings
If you are connecting to a virtual private network (VPN), obtain the appropriate Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol
(PPTP) settings from your VPN administrator. The PPTP settings are:
Enable
Enables PPTP on your VT2142
Username
Type the user name for the PPTP connection
Password
Type the password for the PPTP connection
Server IP
Sets the IP address of the server for the VPN, in dotted-decimal format
MPPC
Enables Microsoft Point-To-Point Compression (MPPC)
MPPE
Choose one of the following for Microsoft Point-to-Point Encryption (MPPE):
• No — MPPE is disabled (the default)
• Required — MPPE is always enabled on your VT2142
• Optional — If your VPN server requires MPPE, it is enabled on your VT2142; if your VPN
server does not require MPPE. it is disabled
If MPPE is enabled, the Strength and Stateless fields are enabled. We recommend not
changing these settings unless directed to by Vonage or your VPN administrator.
Strength
If MPPE is enabled, sets the encryption strength on the VT2142. All three strengths — 40-bit,
56-bit, and 128-bit (highest) — are selected by default. The most powerful encryption agreed
on by the VPN server and the VT2142 is used.
Stateless
If selected, MPPE stateless encryption is used. If not selected, stateful encryption is used. The
default is selected.
Authentication
You can choose:
• Auto — The authentification method is chosen by the VPN server and the VT2142
• CHAP — Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol
• PAP — Password Authentication Protocol
• MSCHAP — Microsoft Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol
• MSCHAP-v2 — Microsoft Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol version 2
Debug
If selected, the PPTP client displays additional debugging information.
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WAN Setup for DHCP (Cable Modem)
Options
We recommend leaving the following selected:
• NAT — Enables Network Address Translation
• Firewall — Enables the VT2142 firewall
Optional fields and buttons are:
Override MAC
If your cable or DSL provider associates a particular service to a specific device, such as your
computer, select this field and type that MAC address in the MAC field to use as a “virtual”
WAN MAC address instead of the VT2142 MAC address. By default, the MAC address printed
on the VT2142 is displayed in this field.
Restore
Restores the actual VT2142 MAC address.
Renew
Requests a new WAN IP address for your VT2142 from the DHCP server at Vonage.
Release
Releases the VT2142 WAN IP address.
If you are connecting to a virtual private network (VPN) only, set the PPTP Settings (see page 18).
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LAN Configuration
If DHCP is enabled on all of the computers on your home network (LAN), you should not need to change any of
the default LAN settings. For information about enabling DHCP, see “Configuring TCP/IP” on page 52.
Unless you have sufficient networking knowledge, we recommend not changing any LAN settings.
LAN Configuration fields and buttons
Field or Button
Description
Subnet IP Address
Sets your LAN subnetwork IP address in dotted-decimal format. We recommend not
changing the default 192.168.15.0.
Netmask
Sets the VT2142 subnet mask, in dotted-decimal format. The default is 255.255.255.0, which
enables the VT2142 router to support up 253 users connected through multiple hubs,
switches, routers, or wireless access points.
Default Gateway
Sets the default gateway IP address for your network, in dotted-decimal format. It must be in
the range for the subnet specified by Subnet IP Address and Netmask. We recommend not
changing the default 192.168.15.1.
Host Name
Sets the voice gateway host name. It can contain any alphanumeric characters, except
spaces.
Domain
Sets the domain name. It is used in conjunction with the host name to uniquely identify the
voice gateway. To access the web pages of the voice gateway you can type 192.168.15.1
(the IP address) or mygateway1.rgw (hostmame.domain).
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LAN Configuration fields and buttons (continued)
Field or Button
Description
Enable DHCP Server
If selected, the DHCP server on the voice gateway assigns IP addresses to the computers
and other hosts on your network, if they have DHCP enabled (see “Configuring TCP/IP” on
page 52). By default, the voice gateway DHCP server is enabled.
If there is another DHCP server running on your network (on another router), you must
disable one of the DHCP servers.
Enable ISP
DNS,SNTP
If Enable DHCP Server is selected, selecting this option causes the systems on the VT2142
LAN to use the domain name system (DNS) on the WAN side. Each system on the LAN is
provided with:
• IP address 192.168.15.x
• Gateway: 192.168.15.1
If Enable IPS DNS,SNTP is selected, the ISP may also transmit other data to the computers
on the VT2142 LAN, including, but not limited to, the time, log, cookie, print, NTP, and WINS
servers.
Start IP
Sets the first IP address assigned by the DHCP server, in dotted-decimal format. It must be
greater than the IP address value of the voice gateway. For example, if the IP address of the
voice gateway is 192.168.15.1 (default), the starting IP address must be 192.168.15.2 (or
higher).
End IP
Sets the final IP address assigned by the DHCP server, in dotted-decimal format. It cannot
exceed the subnet limit of 254. For example, the default is 192.168.15.254. If the DHCP
server runs out of DHCP addresses, users cannot access network resources. If this happens,
increase the End IP (to the limit of 254) or reduce the Lease Time.
If you change Start IP or End IP, be sure they are in the range for specified by the Subnet IP
Address and Netmask. For example, if the voice gateway IP address is 192.168.15.1 (the
default) and you set Start IP and End IP to 192.168.0.2 and 192.168.0.100, respectively,
computers with DHCP enabled cannot communicate with the voice gateway.
Lease Time
Enable DHCP Relay
Relay IP
Server and Relay Off
Sets the time, in seconds, that a network computer remains connected to the voice gateway
using its current assigned IP address. At the end of this time, the DHCP server renews the
lease or assigns the computer a new IP address. The default is 3600 seconds (1 hour). The
maximum is 999999 seconds (about 278 hours).
If selected, the voice gateway forwards requests and responses between the computers on
your network (the DHCP clients) and the DHCP server you chose to use for your network.
If you select Enable DHCP Relay, type the IP address of the DHCP server in dotted-decimal
format.
If selected, you must carefully configure the IP address, Subnet Mask, and DNS settings of
every host on your network. Do not assign the same IP address to more than one host. Your
voice gateway must be on the same subnet as the other hosts.
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Advanced Configuration
This section describes the ADVANCED, TOOLS, and STATUS menus.
ADVANCED
The ADVANCED menu provides the following links on the VT2142:
•
UPnP — enable Universal Plug and Play
•
IP QoS — assign priority to Internet traffic
•
Port Forwarding — direct incoming traffic to specific computers on your network
•
IP Filters — block applications and services based on the IP address of a LAN device
•
LAN Clients — determine how computers on your network receive an IP address
•
Web Filters — specify whether proxies, cookies, Java applets, ActiveX controls, or pop-ups can pass through
your voice gateway
•
Dynamic DNS Client — register your voice gateway with a DNS server to access the voice gateway each
time from the WAN using the host name
•
Multicast — enable IGMP Multicast
•
Static Routing — define up to 16 static routes in the voice gateway routing table
•
Dynamic Routing — define dynamic routes using routing information protocol (RIP)
•
Remote Web Access — enable access to the voice gateway remotely over the Web
•
Remote SSH Access — access the voice gateway remotely via secure shell
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UPnP
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) requires one active WAN connection and the host should support this feature.
UPnP fields
Field
Description
Enable UPNP
Enables UPnP so traffic for applications using UPnP can pass through the voice gateway.
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IP QoS
IP quality of service (QoS) enables you to assign priority to Internet traffic based on the source and destination IP
addresses, source and destination ports, packet length, and protocol.
This table
displays all
defined
rules
IP QoS fields and buttons
Field or Button
Description
Enable IPQoS
If selected, traffic prioritization is enabled (the default).
Trusted Mode
If enabled (the default), all IP QoS traffic rules are applied first, regardless of the TOS bit
settings. After the rules are exhausted, the existing TOS bit settings are honored.
If disabled, all rules are also applied, except if there is no match, a default rule of queuing
priority Low is used.
Add
Displays the IP QoS Traffic Rule window, where you can define rules.
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IP QoS Traffic Rule
This window displays when you click Add on the IP QoS window. It enables you to define rules for filtering
packets.
IP QoS Traffic Rule fields
Field
Description
Rule Name
The rule name
Source IP
Sets the source IP address for the rule
Source Start Port
Sets the source start port
Destination IP
Sets the destination IP address
Destination Start Port
Sets the destination start port
Packet Length Start
Sets the minimum packet size for the rule
Protocol
Sets the protocol — TCP, UDP, ICMP, or Any
Traffic Priority
Sets the priority for traffic matching these characteristics — High or Low
Source Netmask
Sets the source subnet mask, which along with the Source IP specifies a range of source
IP addresses
Source End Port
Sets the source end port
Destination Netmask
Sets the destination subnet mask, which along with the Destination IP specifies a range of
destination IP addresses
Destination End Port
Sets the destination end port
Packet Length End
Sets the maximum packet size allowed by the rule
Physical Port
Can be none or Eth0
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IP QoS Traffic Rule fields (continued)
Field
Description
Normal Service
Packets matching the rule are treated as normal packets requiring no special treatment along
the path. Normal packets have TOS byte 0 in the IP Header.
TOS Marking
Enables you to assign a TOS value to this traffic — No Change, Normal Service, Minimize
monetary cost, Maximize reliability, Maximize throughput, or Minimize delay. The priority bits
in the TOS byte are set to zero upon marking and derived based on priority queues. The
priority bit value for each priority queue is:
• Voice (EF1): 5
• High (EF2): 4
• Medium: 3
• Low: 1
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Port Forwarding
Port forwarding enables you to direct incoming traffic to specific LAN hosts (computers on your network) based on
the protocol and port number. It is used to play Internet games or provide local services (such as web hosting) for
a LAN group. Port forwarding is also referred to as “virtual servers.” You can:
•
Apply predefined port forwarding rules to one or more computers
•
If you have the necessary networking knowledge, create, edit, or delete your own port forwarding rules
•
Add a computer to the DMZ
Port Forwarding fields and buttons
Field or Button
Description
Allow Incoming Ping
Enables the voice gateway to respond to a ping from the Internet.
LAN IP
Select the IP address to host the service.
New IP
Displays the LAN Clients window to reserve an IP address.
DMZ
Displays the DMZ Settings page.
Custom Port Forwarding Displays the Custom Port Forwarding page.
Category
Sets the category for which rules are displayed in the Available Rules list — Games, VPN,
Audio/Video, Apps (applications), Servers, or User (custom rules you can define and edit).
Available Rules
Lists the available rules in the selected Category.
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Port Forwarding fields and buttons (continued)
.
Field or Button
Description
View
Displays the protocols and port ranges for the selected Available Rule. For example, if you
select Alien vs. Predator and click View, the following is displayed:
Click Cancel to return to the Port Forwarding page.
Add
Adds the selected Available Rule to the Applied Rules list.
Remove
Remove the selected rule from the Applied Rules list.
Applied Rules
Lists the IP filtering rules you selected to apply for each given category.
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Custom Port Forwarding
You can create up to 20 custom port forwarding entries to support specific services or applications, such as
concurrent NAT/NAPT operation.
Custom Port Forwarding fields
Field
Description
Enable
It is selected by default and automatically applies when you click Apply.
Application
The name of the application for which ports are opened.
Protocol
Can be TCP, UDP and TCP, or UDP.
Source IP Address
Sets the source IP address from which incoming traffic is allowed.
Source Netmask
Sets a subnet mask used in conjunction with the Source IP Address to set a range of IP
addresses. Enter 0.0.0.0 for all.
Destination IP Address The LAN’s destination IP address for incoming traffic.
Destination Netmask
Subnet mask used in conjunction with the Destination IP Address to set a range of IP
addresses. The default is 255.255.255.255.
Destination Port Start
The starting port number that is opened for this application.
Destination Port End
The ending port number that is opened for this application.
Destination Port Map
Destination port mapped on the LAN (destination) side to which packets are forwarded.
There are two types of port mapping:
• One-to-one (one port mapped to one) (WAN = 500 to 600; LAN = 500 to 600)
• Multiple-to-one (several ports mapped to one) (WAN = 500 to 600; LAN = 700)
Wildcard (*) entries are allowed for the IP Address, Netmask, and Port range fields.
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DMZ Settings
Configuring a computer as a demilitarized zone (DMZ) forwards any network traffic that is not redirected to
another computer through port forwarding to the IP address of the computer. This allows access to the DMZ host
from the Internet.
DMZ Settings fields
Field
Description
Enable DMZ
Enables or disables the DMZ feature. It is disabled by default.
Select a LAN IP Address
Selects the LAN IP address of the DMZ computer to expose to the Internet with no
protection from the VT2142 firewall. This may expose your network to security risks.
LAN Clients
Displays the LAN Clients page to configure the DMZ computer.
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IP Filters
IP filtering enables you to block applications and services based on the IP address of a LAN device. You can apply
one or more predefined IP filtering rules to one or more LAN computers. You can view the rules associated with a
predefined filter and add the available rules for a given category. You can also create, edit, or delete your own IP
filter rules.
IP Filters fields and buttons
Field or Button
Description
LAN IP
The IP address in the LAN group to which the IP filters are applied.
New IP
Displays the LAN Clients page.
Block All Traffic
If selected, network access is blocked for the IP address.
Block Outgoing
Ping
If selected, outgoing pings are blocked for the IP address. Blocking outgoing pings can be useful
if a computer has a virus that attempts a Ping-of-Death denial of service attack.
Custom IP Filters
Displays the Custom IP Filters page
Category
Sets the category for which rules are displayed in the Available Rules list — Games, VPN, Audio/
Video, Apps (applications), Servers, or User (custom rules you can define and edit).
Available Rules
Predefined and user-defined IP filtering rules for each category.
View
Displays the settings for the selected Available Rule.
Add
Adds the selected Available Rule to the Applied Rules list.
Remove
Removes the selected rule from the Applied Rules list.
Applied Rules
Lists the IP filtering rules selected for the category.
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Custom IP Filters
You can define up to 20 custom filters to block services or applications based on the source and destination IP
address, subnet mask, TCP port, and protocol.
Custom IP Filters fields
Field
Description
Filter Name
The IP filter rule name
Enable
Selected by default and automatically applied when you click Save
Source IP
The LAN source IP address assigned to outgoing traffic on which filtering is applied
Source Netmask
Subnet mask of the source IP address
Destination IP
Sets the destination IP address to which your source IP address is denied access
Destination Netmask Subnet mask of the destination IP address. Enter 0.0.0.0 for all
Port Start
The starting port number that will be blocked for this application
Port End
The ending port number that will be blocked for this application
Protocol
The options are TCP, UDP, TCP and UDP, ICMP, or Any
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LAN Clients
The LAN Clients window displays all computers
on your network. For each computer on your LAN, you can do
one of:
•
Allow it to dynamically (automatically) obtain its IP address from the voice gateway through a DHCP lease
from the DHCP server on the VT2142 (the default)
•
Allow it to dynamically obtain its IP address from a DHCP server on another router on the network
•
Manually assign it a static IP address in the voice gateway LAN subnet address range
LAN Clients fields
Field
Description
Enter IP Address
Type the static IP address to assign to the computer or other host. For that host, type its
Hostname (optional) and MAC address (required)
Dynamic Addresses Lists the currently assigned dynamic IP addresses and the hostname, MAC address, and
address Type (always Dynamic in this table) of the assigned computer.
To assign a dynamic IP address to the computer as a static IP address, select Reserve.
Static Addresses
(Not shown above.) If any static IP addresses are reserved, lists them and the host name, MAC
address, and address Type (always Static in this table) of the assigned computer.
To remove a static IP address assignment from a computer, select Delete. If you delete a static
IP address entry, it is made available for future allocation.
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Web Filters
Web Filters enable you to manage the type of web content that passes through your voice gateway:
Web Filters fields
Field
Description
Proxy
Disabled by default.
Cookies
Disabled by default.
Java Applets Disabled by default.
ActiveX
Disabled by default.
Pop-Ups
Disabled by default.
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Dynamic DNS Client
You can register your voice gateway with a DNS server to access the voice gateway from the Internet using its
host name.
Dynamic DNS Client fields
Field
Description
DDNS Server
Selects a DDNS service provider from the list. A charge may occur, depending on the service
selected.
DDNS Client
Enables or disables the DDNS client feature for the WAN connection. It is disabled by default.
User Name
The user name assigned by the DDNS service provider.
Password
The password assigned by the DDNS service provider.
Domain Name
The dynamic domain name to be registered with the DDNS server.
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Multicast
Multicasting is a form of limited broadcast. UDP is used to send datagrams to all computers in a host group, one or
more hosts identified by the same destination IP address. The following statements apply to host groups:
•
Anyone can join or leave a host group.
•
There are no restrictions on the host location.
•
There are no restrictions on the number of members that may belong to a host group.
•
A host may belong to multiple host groups.
•
Non-members can send UDP datagrams to the host group.
Multicasting is useful when the same data needs to be sent to more than one device; for example, if one device is
responsible for acquiring data that many other devices need. Using multicasting uses less network bandwidth than
sending the same data to individual devices.
Multicasting also enables you to receive multicast video streams from multicast servers. The voice gateway
supports an Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) proxy that handles IGMP messages. When enabled,
the voice gateway acts as a proxy for a LAN host making requests to join and leave multicast groups.
Multicast fields
Field
Description
Enable IGMP
Multicast
Enables an IGMP proxy for multicast messages. The voice gateway acts as a proxy for a LAN
computer requesting to join or leave multicast groups.
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Static Routing
You can define up to 16 static routes in the voice gateway routing table for specific WAN and LAN subnets.
Static Routing fields
Field
Description
New Destination IP The network IP address of the subnet. (You can also enter the IP address of each individual
station in the subnet).
Mask
The network mask of the destination subnet.
Gateway
The IP address of the next hop through which traffic will flow towards the destination subnet.
Metric
Defines the number of hops between the network nodes through which data packets travel. The
default is 0, which means the subnet is directly one hop away on the LAN.
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Dynamic Routing
Dynamic routing enables you to define dynamic routes using Routing Information Protocol (RIP) to exchange
routing information with other network routers across the WAN (Internet) and LAN interfaces.
Dynamic Routing fields
Field
Description
Enable RIP
Enables RIP. Any RIP-enabled router:
• Sends automatic update packets containing its routing table periodically (every 30 seconds)
• Adds, deletes, or modifies routes in its routing table based on periodic updates from other routers
• Responds to requests for its routing table
Protocol
Sets the RIP version:
• RIP v1 (UDP protocol)
• RIP v2 (multicast protocol)
• RIP v1 compatible (UDP protocol with multicast format)
Routers using RIP v1 or a compatible protocol can communicate with each other, but not to routers
using RIP v2.
Enable
Password
(Optional) RIP v2 enables simple plain-text password-based authentication for RIP packets. It is
disabled if RIP v1 is selected.
Password
The password can have up to 16 characters.
Interface
Normally, when it is enabled on a router, RIP dynamically provides routes on all configured interfaces.
On the VT2142, you can select which routes are distributed through the network:
• LAN — Sets the direction in which RIP messages are sent on the LAN interface
• WAN — Sets the direction in which RIP messages are sent on the WAN interface
The options for LAN and WAN are:
• Both — receive and send updates to the routing table to other routers on the interface
• In — receive but do not send routing updates on that interface
• Out — send but do not receive routing updates on the interface
• None — do not send or receive routing updates through the interface
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Remote Web Access
Web access control enables you to access the voice gateway remotely over the Web.
Remote Web Access fields
Field
Description
Enable
Enables and disables the remote web access feature.
Remote Network IP
Enter the IP address of the remote host (for example, 10.10.10.1).
Remote Netmask
Enter the subnet mask of the remote host.
Redirect Port
You can enter a port in this field that is different from port 8080. The port you enter is viewed
externally and mapped to port 8080 internally on the voice gateway.
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Remote SSH Access
You can access the voice gateway remotely through secure shell (SSH) over the Internet.
Remote SSH Access fields
Field
Description
Enable
Enables or disables remote SSH access.
Remote Host IP
Sets the IP address of the remote SSH host.
Remote Netmask
Sets the subnet mask of the remote SSH host.
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TOOLS
The TOOLS menu provides the following links:
•
Restore Defaults — restore the default configuration to the voice gateway
•
Import/Export Configuration — import or export the voice gateway configuration
•
Remote Log – Router — specify the log messages the voice gateway sends to remote computers
•
User Management — change the voice gateway password
•
Ping Test — determine whether a computer can be reached over the network
•
Restart — save the configuration or restart the VT2142
Restore Defaults
Button
Description
Restore Defaults
Restores the factory default configuration. After you restore the defaults, you must log in
again to the voice gateway.
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Import/Export Configuration
Import/Export Configuration fields and buttons
Field or Button
Description
Select a File
Click Browse to select the configuration file to import to the voice gateway.
Import
Imports the selected configuration file. The update status appears at the bottom of the window.
When the update is finished, the voice gateway restarts and you will need to log in again.
Export
Downloads a copy of the configuration file (config.bin) saved in the voice gateway flash
memory to your hard drive.
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Remote Log – Router
You can forward logged events of a specified severity level or higher to a remote computer. Each log message is
assigned a severity level, which indicates how seriously the triggering event affects voice gateway functions.
Remote Log – Router fields
Field
Description
Log Level
Messages having the severity level you specify, or higher, are logged to the logging destination
you select. The levels are, in order of severity:
• Panic — system panic or other condition that causes the voice gateway to stop functioning
• Alert — conditions that require immediate correction, such as a corrupted system database
• Critical — critical conditions, such as hard drive errors
• Error — error conditions that generally have less serious consequences than panic, alert, or
critical errors
• Warning — conditions that warrant monitoring
• Notice — conditions that are not errors but might warrant special handling; this is the default
Log Level setting
• Info — events or non-error conditions of interest
• Debug — software debugging messages; specify this level only when directed by a technical
support representative
Add an IP
Address
Type the IP address of the remote host where you want log information sent and click Add. You
can add multiple IP addresses using the Add button. Any IP address you add here appears in the
Select a logging destination drop-down list.
Select a logging
destination
From the list, select the IP address to which you want the log information sent.
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User Management
Use this window to change the password for the User Name router.
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Ping Test
Use this page to determine whether you can access an IP address from your computer.
Ping Test fields and buttons
Field or Button
Description
Enter IP Address to ping
Sets the IP address to ping; the default is the VT2142 default IP address 192.168.15.1.
Packet size
Sets the packet size of the ping test. The default is 64 bytes.
Number of echo requests
Sets how many times the IP address is pinged. The default is 3.
Test
Starts the test. The results display in the scroll window:
• If the test is successful, you can access the IP address.
• If the test is unsuccessful, you should restart the VT2142 (see “Restarting the VT2142”
on page 14).
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Restart
Restart fields
Field
Description
Restart
Restarts the voice gateway.
Be sure to save the configuration before you restart. If you restart the voice gateway without saving
your changes, it reverts to the previously saved configuration. Your changes are lost.
After you restart the voice gateway, you must log in again.
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STATUS
The STATUS menu provides links to view the Network Statistics, Connection Status, DDNS Update Status, DHCP
Clients, Product Information, and System Log – Router.
The Refresh button on every STATUS page, except for Product Information, refreshes the information so it is up
to date.
Network Statistics
Use this page to view transmit and receive statistics for the Ethernet (local network) or WAN (Internet) interfaces.
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Connection Status
Use this page to view the WAN connection status.
Connection Status fields
Field
Description
Description
A description of the connection component
Type
The type of component
IP
The IP address of the component
State
The component state — connected or disconnected
Online
The amount of time it has been connected
Disconnect Reason
The reason it was disconnected
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DDNS Update Status
The voice gateway DDNS client is disabled by default. When the DDNS client is enabled, it updates every time the
voice gateway gets a new IP address.
DDNS Status fields
Field
Description
DDNS Server Sets the DDNS server — DynDNS or TZO
Status
It can be one of:
• Updated — the IP address of the client has been changed and an update has been sent to the
DDNS server
• No change — the IP address of the client has not been changed
• Error — there is an error with the DDNS update
Error
If the Status is Error, displays a description of the error.
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DHCP Clients
Use this page to view the list of LAN DHCP client devices.
Product Information
Use this page to view product hardware and software information, such as model number, hardware revision, and
the software and boot loader versions. The information in the image is an example. Your Model Number and other
information may be different.
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System Log – Router
The system log displays router-related events. Depending on the severity, the event is sent to a remote host if
remote logging is enabled on the Remote Log – Router page.
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Configuring TCP/IP
All client computers on your network must be configured for TCP/IP (the protocol that controls communication
among computers). Perform one of:
•
Configuring TCP/IP in Windows 98 or Windows Me
•
Configuring TCP/IP in Windows 2000
•
Configuring TCP/IP in Windows XP
•
Follow the instructions in your Macintosh or UNIX user manual
After configuring TCP/IP, on all computers, perform one of the following to verify its IP address:
•
Verifying the IP Address in Windows 98 or Windows Me
•
Verifying the IP Address in Windows 2000 or Windows XP
•
Follow the instructions in your Macintosh or UNIX user manual
Configuring TCP/IP in Windows 98 or Windows Me
1
On the Windows Desktop, click Start.
2
Select Settings and then Control Panel from the pop-up menus to display the Control Panel window:
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Double-click the Network and Dial-Up Connections icon to display the Network window:
Although your VT model number may be different than in the images in this guide, the procedure is
the same.
4
Verify that TCP/IP is installed for the adapter used to connect to the VT2142. If TCP/IP is installed, skip to
step 9. If TCP/IP is not installed for the adapter, continue with step 5.
5
Select the adapter to use for the VT2142 connection and click Add. The Select Network Component Type
window is displayed:
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6
Click Protocol and click Add. The Select Network Protocol window is displayed:
7
Click Microsoft in the Manufacturers section and click TCP/IP in the Network Protocols section.
8
Click OK.
9
Click TCP/IP on the Network window. If there is more than one TCP/IP entry, choose the one for the Ethernet
card connected to the VT2142.
10 Click Properties. The TCP/IP Properties window is displayed:
11 Click the IP Address tab.
12 Click Obtain an IP address automatically.
13 Click OK to accept the TCP/IP settings.
14 Click OK to close the Network window.
15 Click OK when prompted to restart the computer and click OK again.
When you complete TCP/IP configuration, go to “Verifying the IP Address in Windows 98 or Windows Me” on
page 62.
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Configuring TCP/IP in Windows 2000
1
On the Windows Desktop, click Start.
2
Select Settings and then Control Panel from the pop-up menus to display the Control Panel window:
3
Double-click the Network and Dial-up Connections icon to display the Network and Dial-up Connections
window:
In the steps that follow, a connection number like 1, 2, 3, etc., is a reference that is displayed on computers with
multiple network interfaces. Computers with only one network interface may only see the label: Local Area
Connection.
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4
Click Local Area Connection number. The value of number varies from system to system. The Local Area
Connection number Status window is displayed:
5
Click Properties. Information similar to the following window is displayed:
6
If Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) is in the list of components, TCP/IP is installed. You can skip to step 10.
If Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) is not in the list, click Install. The Select Network Component Type window is
displayed:
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7
Click Protocol on the Select Network Component Type window and click Add. The Select Network Protocol
window is displayed:
8
Click Internet Protocol (TCP/IP).
9
Click OK. The Local Area Connection number Properties window is re-displayed.
10 Be sure the box next to Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) is checked.
11 Click Properties. The Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window is displayed:
12 Be sure Obtain IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address automatically are selected.
13 Click OK to accept the TCP/IP settings.
14 Click Close to close the Local Area Connection number Properties window.
15 Click OK when prompted to restart the computer and click OK again.
When you complete the TCP/IP configuration, go to “Verifying the IP Address in Windows 2000 or Windows XP”
on page 63.
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Configuring TCP/IP in Windows XP
1
On the Windows desktop, click Start to display the Start window:
2
Click Control Panel to display the Control Panel window. The display varies, depending on your Windows XP
view options. If the display is a Category view as shown below, continue with step 3. Otherwise, skip to
step 5.
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3
Click Network and Internet Connections to display the Network and Internet Connections window:
4
Click Network Connections. Skip to step 6.
5
If a classic view similar to below is displayed, double-click Network Connections to display the LAN or
High-speed Internet connections.
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6
Right-click the Local Area Connection. If more than one connection is displayed, be sure to select the one for
your network interface.
7
Select Properties from the pop-up menu to display the Local Area Connection Properties window:
8
On the Local Area Connection Properties window, select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) if it is not selected.
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Click Properties to display the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window:
10 Be sure Obtain IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address automatically are selected.
11 Click OK to close the TCP/IP Properties window.
12 Click OK to close the Local Area Connection Properties window.
When you complete the TCP/IP configuration, go to “Verifying the IP Address in Windows 2000 or Windows XP”
on page 63.
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Verifying the IP Address in Windows 98 or Windows Me
To check the IP address:
1
On the Windows Desktop, click Start.
2
Select Run. The Run window is displayed.
3
Type winipcfg.exe and click OK. The IP Configuration window is displayed. The Ethernet Adapter
Information fields will vary depending on the system, as shown in the following examples:
In Windows 98, if “Autoconfiguration” is displayed before the IP Address as in the following example, call your
service provider.
4
Select the adapter name (the Ethernet card).
5
Click Renew.
6
Click OK after the system displays an IP address.
If after performing this procedure the computer cannot access the Internet, call your cable provider for help.
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Verifying the IP Address in Windows 2000 or Windows XP
To check the IP address:
1
On the Windows Desktop, click Start.
2
Select Run. The Run window is displayed.
3
Type cmd and click OK to display a command prompt window.
4
Type ipconfig and press ENTER to display the IP configuration. A display similar to the following indicates a
normal configuration:
If an Autoconfiguration IP Address is displayed as in the following window, there is an incorrect connection
between the PC, the VT2142, and the Internet:
5
After verifying your connections, type ipconfig /renew and press ENTER to renew the IP address. If a valid IP
address is displayed as shown, Internet access should be available.
6
Type exit and press ENTER to return to Windows.
If after performing this procedure the computer cannot access the Internet, call your cable or DSL provider
for help.
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Troubleshooting
If the solutions listed here do not solve your problem, for more troubleshooting help contact Vonage as described
in “Contact Us” on page 66.
Problem
Possible Solutions
Power light is off
Check that the AC power adapter is properly plugged into the electrical outlet and the
VT2142.
Check that the electrical outlet is working.
Cannot send or receive If you subscribed to just one phone line from Vonage, be sure your phone is
data or phone calls
connected to the Phone 1 port on the VT2142.
or
Check all other cabling between the modem, the VT2142, and the computer. Be sure
No dial tone
you used the cables provided with the VT2142. All Ethernet cables must be
straight-through cables.
Check the lights on the Front Panel (see page 2).
Check the lights on the modem front panel. For information, see your cable or DSL
modem user guide.
If you have only one phone line, be sure your phone is plugged into the green phone
port 1 on the VT2142.
Can you access Web pages? If not, check to see whether your ISP (cable or DSL) is
having connection issues in your area.
Be sure the telephone connected to the VT2142 is disconnected from the wall jacks
that traditional phone companies use. If not, the VT2142 cannot connect with the
Vonage server and you will not get a dial tone.
Compare your device connections to those shown in “Installation With an Existing
Router” on page 6 or “Installation With a Standard Modem” on page 8.
The order in which you turn the devices on is very important. Try the procedure for
“Resetting All of Your Equipment” on page 65.
A computer cannot
send or receive data
Check that the Ethernet cable is properly connected to the VT2142 and the computer.
If you have a cable modem only, check that your TV is working and the picture is
clear. If you cannot receive TV channels, your cable data service will not function.
Contact your cable provider.
If you have a DSL modem only, check that your DSL service is working. Contact your
DSL provider.
My high-speed Internet
connection uses a USB
port, not an Ethernet
port
You need to switch your high-speed Internet connection from USB to Ethernet to use
Vonage Internet Phone Service. If your computer does not have an Ethernet adapter,
you can purchase an Ethernet adapter or a USB to Ethernet Converter to connect
your computer to the VT2142, and ultimately the Internet.
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Resetting All of Your Equipment
You can resolve many installation issues by resetting all of your equipment.
To reset all of your equipment:
1
Turn off your computer, VT2142 voice gateway, router (if you have one), and DSL or cable modem.
2
Turn the devices back on, one at a time, in this order:
•
Modem
•
Router (if present)
•
VT2142
•
Computer
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Contact Us
If you have questions about your Vonage Internet phone service:
•
In Canada, visit http://www.vonage.ca/help
•
In the United States, visit www.vonage.com/help
•
In the United Kingdom, visit www.vonage.co.uk/help
For information about customer service, technical support, or warranty claims, see the Motorola Regulatory,
Safety, Software License, and Warranty Information card provided with the VT2142.
For answers to typical questions, see “Frequently Asked Questions” on page 67.
For more information about Motorola consumer cable products, education, and support, visit
broadband.motorola.com/consumers.
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Frequently Asked Questions
If you do not understand a term or abbreviation, check the Glossary.
Q
What does the Motorola VT2142 Voice Gateway do?
A
The VT2142 Voice Gateway is a stand-alone media terminal adapter (S-MTA) containing a home router:
•
As an S-MTA, it converts analog voice signals to and from a standard telephone to digital data that can
be transmitted through a broadband connection across the Internet. It provides an alternate means to
make voice calls.
•
Its built-in router provides full network connectivity, a firewall, and VPN passthrough.
•
VT2142 prioritizes voice calls to enable simultaneous voice and data communication with no loss of
voice call quality. For a description of the VT2142 features, see “Overview” on page 1.
Q
Will the VT2142 Voice Gateway work with a cable modem or DSL modem?
A
Yes. The VT2142 Voice Gateway supports DHCP, which is specified for DOCSIS® cable modems, and
PPPoE, which is used by most DSL providers.
Q
Can I operate a virtual private network (VPN) application behind the VT2142?
A
Yes. The VT2142 Voice Gateway supports IPSec and PPTP, the most common VPN protocols.
Q
Can I play online games through my VT2142?
A
By default, the voice gateway blocks all unsolicited messages to the computer or local network as a standard
security measure. However, for online games that require some unsolicited messages to be transmitted
through the voice gateway, you can specify ports and IP addresses on which to allow unsolicited messages.
The VT2142 enables you to set up virtual servers or a DMZ.
Q
How do I configure the VT2142?
A
Most people can send and receive calls immediately after completing Installation! You can configure your
home or office network through a GUI using a connected computer configured to obtain its IP address using
DHCP. Or, you can configure the computer statically to 192.168.15.xxx (xxx is from 2 to 254), subnet mask
255.255.255.0, and default gateway 192.168.15.1.
Q
What is included with the built-in router?
A
The VT2142 supports a firewall, RIP, port triggers, advanced ALGs such as RSVP, POP3, SNMP, and
streaming media. No separate routers are needed. To connect more than one computer or other Ethernet
device, an Ethernet hub, switch, or router is required.
Q
Is any Quality of Service (QoS) implemented on the VT2142 Voice Gateway?
A
Although VoIP service is typically best-effort, the VT2142 provides upstream voice prioritization to ensure that
upstream voice data has priority over other Web data. This ensures good voice quality even during heavy
upstream data transfers, such as e-mail synchronization or file sharing.
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Glossary
This glossary defines terms and abbreviations used in this manual. To return to your previous page, click the
Adobe® Reader® Go to Previous View button.
10/100Base-T
See Ethernet.
adapter
broadband
A device or card that connects a computer, printer, or other peripheral device to the network or to
some other device. An Ethernet adapter connects a computer to the LAN.
High-speed telecommunication over a wide range of frequencies, typically 256 Kbps or faster.
Broadband enables more information to be transmitted in less time. The most common broadband
service types available to homes and small-offices are cable modem and DSL. Both cable modem
and DSL are much faster than a traditional dial-up Internet connection.
broadband
provider
If you have a cable modem, the cable company from which you subscribe to high-speed data
service. If you have a DSL modem, the telephone company from which you subscribe to DSL
service.
cable modem
A device enabling a broadband connection to the Internet over cable television lines. It requires a
subscription for high-speed data service from your local cable provider.
coaxial cable
(coax)
A type of wire consisting of a center wire surrounded by insulation and a grounded shield of braided
wire traditionally used mainly to carry cable television signals. The shield minimizes electrical and
radio frequency interference.
default gateway A designated router that forwards all traffic not addressed to a host on the local subnet.
DHCP
A Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server dynamically assigns IP addresses to client hosts on
an IP network. DHCP eliminates the need to manually assign static IP addresses by “leasing” an
IP address and subnet mask to each client. It enables the automatic reuse of unused IP addresses.
The VT2142 can simultaneously be a DHCP client and a DHCP server:
• A DHCP server at Vonage headend assigns a WAN IP address to your VT2142.
• The VT2142 contains a built-in DHCP server that assigns private IP addresses to each computer
on its LAN.
DMZ
A “de-militarized zone” is one or more hosts logically located between a private LAN and the
Internet. A DMZ prevents direct access by outside users to private data. (The term comes from the
geographic buffers located between some conflicting countries such as North and South Korea.) In a
typical small DMZ configuration, the DMZ host receives requests from private LAN users to access
external web sites and initiates sessions for these requests. The DMZ host cannot initiate a session
back to the private LAN. Internet users outside the private LAN can access only the DMZ host. You
can use a DMZ to set up a web server or for gaming without exposing confidential data.
DOCSIS
The Data-Over-Cable Service Interface Specification define a standard interface for cable modems
to deliver data between a cable network and computer systems. Euro-DOCSIS is DOCSIS adapted
for use in Europe.
DNS
The Domain Name System is the Internet system for converting domain names to IP addresses. A
DNS server contains a table matching domain names such as Internetname.com to IP addresses
such as 192.169.9.1. When you access the Web, a DNS server translates the URL displayed on the
browser to the destination website IP address. The DNS lookup table is a distributed Internet
database; no one DNS server lists all domain-to-IP address matches.
domain name
A unique name, such as motorola.com, that maps to an IP address. Domain names are typically
much easier to remember than IP addresses.
dotted-decimal
format
Method of representing an IP address or subnet mask using four decimal numbers called octets.
Each octet represents eight bits.
In a class C IP address, the octets are “network.network.network.host.” The first three octets
together represent the network address and the final octet is the host address. In the VT2142 LAN
default configuration, 192.168.15 represents the network address. In the final octet, the host address
can be from 2 to 254.
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download
To copy a file from one computer or other network device to another. You can use the Internet to
download files from a server to your home computer. Your voice gateway downloads its
configuration file and firmware from Vonage.
downstream
In a cable data or DSL network, the direction of data received by your computer from the Internet.
driver
Software that enables a computer to interact with a network or other device. For example, there are
drivers for printers, monitors, graphics adapters, modems, Ethernet, USB, and many others.
A digital subscriber line enables a broadband connection to the Internet over traditional telephone
lines that support DSL. You need a subscription for DSL service from your local telephone company.
DSL
dynamic IP
address
Ethernet
An IP address that is temporarily leased to a host by a DHCP server. The opposite of static IP
address.
The most widely used type of local area network (LAN). The most commonly installed Ethernet
networks are called 10Base-T. 10Base-T provides transmission speeds up to 10 megabits per
second (Mbps), usually over twisted-pair wire. Fast Ethernet (100Base-T) provides transmission
speeds up to 100 Mbps.
F-type connector A type of connector used to connect coaxial cable to equipment such as the VT2142.
firewall
A security software system on the VT2142 that enforces an access control policy between the
Internet and the VT2142 LAN.
flow
A data path moving in one direction.
GUI
graphical user interface
HFC
A hybrid fiber/coaxial cable network uses fiber-optic cable as the trunk and coaxial cable to the
subscriber premises.
host
Any computer or similar device supporting end-user applications or services with full two-way
network access. Each host has a unique host number that combined with the network number forms
its IP address.
hub
On a LAN, a device that connects multiple hosts to the LAN. A hub performs no data filtering. See
also router.
IGMP
Internet Group Management Protocol
Internet
A worldwide collection of interconnected networks, all using TCP/IP.
IP
Internet Protocol is a set of standards that enable different types of computers to communicate with
one another and exchange data through the Internet. IP provides the appearance of a single,
seamless communication system and makes the Internet a virtual network.
IP address
An Internet Protocol address identifies a computer or other device on a TCP/IP network. Networks
using the TCP/IP protocol route messages based on the destination IP address.
IPSec
The Internet Protocol Security protocols are authentication and encryption standards for secure data
exchange over the Internet.
ISP
Internet service provider
LAN
A local area network provides a full-time, high-bandwidth connection over a limited area, such as a
building, campus, office, or home. The computers and other devices you connect to your voice
gateway, except for the telephones, form a LAN. Ethernet is the most widely used LAN standard.
The Media Access Control address uniquely identifies each device that can be connected to an
Ethernet network. It is permanently written to read-only memory (ROM) at the factory and printed on
your VT2142.
MAC address
MHz
Mega hertz. A measure of frequency; one MHz means one million cycles per second.
MPPC
Microsoft Point-To-Point Compression protocol is a method for compressing PPP packets to
optimize processor and bandwidth usage for many simultaneous connections. MPPC is patented in
the United States by Hifn Inc.
MPPE
Microsoft Point-to-Point Encryption is a protocol for encrypting data across PPP and VPNs. It is
frequently used in conjunction with MPPC.
NAT
Network Address Translation is a standard for a LAN to use one set of IP addresses for internal
traffic and a second set of IP addresses for external traffic.
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NAPT
Network Address Port Translation is the most common form of translation between public and
private IP addresses.
network
Two or more computers connected to communicate with each other. Networks have traditionally
been connected using some kind of wiring.
NIC
Network interface card is another name for network adapter. A NIC is installed in an expansion slot
or can be built-in. Every Ethernet NIC has a MAC address permanently saved in its ROM.
OOB DTMF
Out-of-Band Dual-Tone Multi-Frequency protocol for voice traffic.
PING
A network utility that tests host reachability by sending a small packet to the host and waiting for a
reply. If you PING a computer IP address and receive a reply, you know the computer is reachable
over the network. It also stands for “Packet InterNet Groper.”
port
On a computer or other electronic device, a port is a socket or plug used to physically connect it to
the network or to other devices.
In TCP/IP, a port is a number from 0 to 65536 used logically by a client program to specify a server
program. Ports 0 to 1024 are reserved.
port triggering
A mechanism that enables incoming communication with specified applications. Primarily used for
gaming applications.
POTS
“Plain old telephone service;” basic analog telephone service. POTS uses the lowest 4 kHz of
bandwidth on twisted pair wiring.
PPP
PPPoE
Point-to-Point Protocol is a method to establish a network connection or session between hosts.
PPTP
Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol encapsulates other protocols to create VPNs. It is developed
jointly by several vendors.
private IP
address
An IP address assigned to a computer on the VT2142 LAN by the DHCP server on the VT2142 for a
specified lease time. Private IP addresses are used by the VT2142 LAN only; they are invisible to
devices on the Internet. See also public IP address.
PSTN
The public switched telephone network is the traditional circuit-switched, voice-oriented telephone
network. See also POTS.
public IP
address
QoS
A public IP address is visible to devices on the Internet. See also private IP address.
Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet is a specification for connecting to the Internet used with DSL
modems.
quality of service
RIP
Routing Information Protocol enables routers to exchange routing information with other network
routers. Any RIP-enabled router:
• Sends automatic update packets containing its routing table periodically (every 30 seconds)
• Accepts periodic updates from other routers and adds, deletes, or modifies routes in its routing
table accordingly
• Responds to requests for its routing table
RTP
Real Time Protocol for voice traffic.
RJ-11
The most common type of connector for household or office phones.
RJ-45
The most common type of port for Ethernet networks.
router
On IP networks, a device connecting at least two networks, which may or may not be similar. A
router filters data based on the IP address, examining the source and destination IP addresses to
determine the best route on which to forward it.
server
SIP
A dedicated computer that supplies files, data, or services to other “client” computers or devices.
S-MTA
A standalone media terminal adapter converts analog voice signals to and from a standard
telephone to digital data that can be transmitted through a broadband connection over the Internet.
SNTP
Simple Network Timing Protocol
SSH
secure shell
Session Initiation Protocol for voice traffic.
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Overview
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Troubleshooting
Configuration: Basic
Contact
Advanced
FAQ
TCP/IP
Glossary
License
stateful
inspection
A type of firewall that tracks each connection traversing all firewall interfaces to ensure validity. In
addition to examining the source and destination in the packet header based on static rules, a
stateful inspection firewall:
• Examines packet headers on context established by previous packets that traversed the firewall
• Monitors the connection state and saves it in a table
• Closes ports until a connection to a specific port is requested
• May examine the packet contents up through the application layer to determine more than just the
source and destination
A stateful-inspection firewall is more advanced than a static filter firewall.
static filter
A type of firewall that examines the source and destination in the packet header based on
administrator-defined rules only.
static IP address An IP address that is permanently assigned to a host. Normally, a static IP address must be
assigned manually. The opposite of dynamic IP address.
subnet mask
A bit mask that is logically ANDed with the destination IP address of a packet to determine the
network address. A router routes packets using the network address.
subnetwork
A part of a network; commonly abbreviated “subnet.” When subnetting is used, the host portion of
the IP address is divided into a subnet and host number. Hosts and routers use the subnet mask to
identify the bits used for the network and subnet number.
TCP
Transmission Control Protocol provides reliable transport over the network for data transmitted using
IP. It defines rules and procedures for data exchange.
TCP/IP
The Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol is a set of protocols that provides rules for
communication between networks. It is the worldwide internetworking standard and the basic
communications protocol of the Internet.
TFTP
UPnP
Trivial File Transfer Protocol is a very simple protocol used to transfer files.
Universal Plug and Play protocol.
UPS
A uninterruptible power supply provides battery back-up for a specified time during a power outage.
upstream
In a cable data or DSL network, the direction of data sent from your computer to the Internet.
USB
Universal Serial Bus
wireless access A device that provides network connectivity to one or more client computers using radio signals over
point (WAP)
a wireless connection. One example you could use with your voice gateway is the Motorola Wireless
Access Point WA840G.
VoIP
Voice over Internet Protocol is a method to exchange voice, fax, and other information over the
Internet. Voice and fax have traditionally been carried over telephone lines using a dedicated circuit
for each line. VoIP enables calls to travel as discrete data on shared lines.
VoIP provider
The company from which you purchase VoIP telephone service.
VPN
A virtual private network is a private network that uses “virtual” connections (tunnels) routed over a
public network (usually the Internet) to provide a secure and fast connection, usually to users
working remotely at home or in small branch offices. A VPN connection provides security and
performance similar to a dedicated link (for example, a leased line), but at much lower cost.
WAN
A wide-area network provides a connection over a large geographic area, such as a country or the
whole world. The bandwidth depends on need and cost, but is usually much lower than for a LAN.
For the voice gateway, “WAN” refers to the VoIP and broadband provider networks.
World Wide Web An interface to the Internet that you use to navigate and hyperlink to information.
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Troubleshooting
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Advanced
FAQ
TCP/IP
Glossary
License
Software License
Motorola, Inc., Connected Home Solutions (“Motorola”) 101 Tournament Drive, Horsham, PA 19044
IMPORTANT: PLEASE READ THIS SOFTWARE LICENSE (“LICENSE”) CAREFULLY BEFORE YOU INSTALL, DOWNLOAD
OR USE ANY APPLICATION SOFTWARE, USB DRIVER SOFTWARE, FIRMWARE AND RELATED DOCUMENTATION
(“SOFTWARE”) PROVIDED WITH MOTOROLA’S VOICE GATEWAY PRODUCT (THE “VOICE GATEWAY PRODUCT”). BY
USING THE VOICE GATEWAY PRODUCT AND/OR INSTALLING, DOWNLOADING OR USING ANY OF THE SOFTWARE,
YOU INDICATE YOUR ACCEPTANCE OF EACH OF THE TERMS OF THIS LICENSE. UPON ACCEPTANCE, THIS
LICENSE WILL BE A LEGALLY BINDING AGREEMENT BETWEEN YOU AND MOTOROLA. THE TERMS OF THIS
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IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO ALL OF THE TERMS OF THIS LICENSE (I) DO NOT INSTALL OR USE THE SOFTWARE AND
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COMPONENTS, DOCUMENTATION AND ANY OTHER MATERIALS PROVIDED WITH THE PRODUCT, TO YOUR POINT
OF PURCHASE OR SERVICE PROVIDER, AS THE CASE MAY BE, FOR A FULL REFUND.
The Software includes associated media, any printed materials, and any “online” or electronic documentation, as well as
any updates, revisions, bug fixes, or drivers obtained by you from Motorola or your service provider. Software provided
by 3rd parties may be subject to separate end-user license agreements from the manufacturers of such Software.
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personal use only on the terms of this License. Motorola and its 3rd party licensors retain the ownership of the Software.
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TRANSFER the Software (including all component parts and printed materials) permanently to another person, but only if the
person agrees to accept all of the terms of this License. If you transfer the Software, you must at the same time transfer the
Product and all copies of the Software (if applicable) to the same person or destroy any copies not transferred.
TERMINATE this License by destroying the original and all copies of the Software (if applicable) in whatever form.
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