Argus Switched Mode Battery Charger Technical data

ARGUS
ARGUS 125
Manual
Version 2.1/EN
ARGUS 125
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 by intec Gesellschaft für Informationstechnik mbH
D-58507 Lüdenscheid, Germany, 2010
Alle Rechte, auch der Übersetzung, vorberhalten. Kein Teil des Werkes darf in irgendeiner
Form (Druck, Fotokopie, Mikrofilm oder einem anderen Verfahren) ohne schriftliche
Genehmigung reproduziert, vervielfältigt oder verbreitet werden.
All rights are reserved. No portion of this document may be reproduced, duplicated or
distributed in any form (print, copies, microfilm or on any other media) without intec’s
written permission.
Version: 2.10
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1
Introduction ........................................................................................ 7
2
Safety Instructions ........................................................................... 11
3
Technical data .................................................................................. 12
4
Operation .......................................................................................... 13
5
Menu Hierarchy ................................................................................ 17
6
Start-Up ............................................................................................. 23
7
Setting the Type of Access ............................................................. 32
8
8.1
Selecting the Access mode ............................................................. 33
Operation on a BRI, U-Interface or PRI access .............................. 33
8.1.1 TE-Simulation mode ..................................................................... 33
8.1.2 NT-Simulation mode ..................................................................... 33
8.1.3 Permanent switch circuit (leased line) .......................................... 34
8.1.3.1 Telephony on leased lines ...................................................... 34
8.1.3.2 BERT on leased lines (permanent circuits) ............................ 35
8.1.3.3 Time measurements on leased lines ...................................... 38
8.1.3.4 Switching from permanent switch mode ................................. 40
8.1.4 BRI/PRI Monitor ............................................................................ 41
8.1.5 BRI / PRI Recorder ....................................................................... 46
8.1.5.1 Administration of the recorded data ....................................... 48
9
9.1
9.2
Operation on a POTS access .......................................................... 52
The ARGUS as a POTS terminal ..................................................... 52
Connection on a POTS access ...................................................... 53
9.2.1 POTS monitor ............................................................................... 55
10
10.1
Tests on an ISDN Access ................................................................ 57
Bit error test ...................................................................................... 57
10.1.1 Start BERT .................................................................................. 59
10.1.1.1 BERT - saving ...................................................................... 62
10.1.1.2 Display the saved BERT results ........................................... 63
10.1.2 BERT wait ................................................................................... 64
10.1.3 B-channel loop ............................................................................ 65
10.2 Test the Supplementary Services ................................................... 66
10.2.1 Suppl. Services Test for the 1TR6 Protocol ................................ 66
10.2.2 Suppl.service interrogation in DSS1 .......................................... 67
10.2.3 Supplementary Services Tests – Error messages ...................... 70
10.3 Service test ....................................................................................... 71
10.4 X.31 Test ............................................................................................ 74
10.4.1 X.31 Automatic, D-channel test .................................................. 74
10.4.2 Manual X.31, D-channel test ...................................................... 76
10.5 CF Interrogation ............................................................................... 77
10.6 CF - Activation .................................................................................. 79
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10.7 CF - Delete ........................................................................................ 80
10.8 MSN Interrogation (only on a BRI with DSS1) ............................... 81
10.9 Traffic generator (only on a PRI access) ....................................... 82
10.10 Time measurements ........................................................................ 84
10.10.1 Connection set up time ............................................................. 84
10.10.2 Time measurement: B-channel delay ....................................... 85
10.10.3 Time measurement: Interchannel delay ................................... 86
11
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
11.5
11.6
ISDN connection .............................................................................. 87
Overlap sending (outgoing call) ..................................................... 88
En-bloc sending (outgoing call) ..................................................... 90
Redial (outgoing call) ....................................................................... 91
Incoming Call .................................................................................... 92
Clearing Down an ISDN Connection .............................................. 93
Testing Features with the Keypad .................................................. 95
12
12.1
12.2
12.3
Test Manager .................................................................................... 96
Starting Several Tests to Run Simultaneously ............................. 97
Switching Between Tests .............................................................. 100
Cancel All ........................................................................................ 100
13
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
13.5
Test Results .................................................................................... 101
Start the automatic test ................................................................. 103
Display Results .............................................................................. 107
Sending the Results of a Test to a PC ......................................... 108
Deleting the results of a test ......................................................... 108
Sending the results of all of the tests to a PC ............................. 109
14
14.1
14.2
14.3
Level measuring ............................................................................. 110
Level measuring on a BRI access ................................................ 110
Voltage Measurement on a U-Interface Access .......................... 112
Level measuring on a POTS access ............................................. 114
15
15.1
15.2
L1 status ......................................................................................... 115
The L1 Status of a BRI Access ..................................................... 115
The L1 Status of a PRI Access ...................................................... 116
16
16.1
16.2
16.3
16.4
16.5
16.6
16.7
16.8
Settings ........................................................................................... 119
PC/Trace .......................................................................................... 119
Settings: ISDN ................................................................................ 120
Settings: BERT ............................................................................... 126
Settings: POTS ............................................................................... 128
Settings: X.31 ................................................................................. 130
Settings: ARGUS settings ............................................................. 131
Saving Call Numbers ..................................................................... 133
Reset ............................................................................................... 134
17
Accu Servicing ............................................................................... 136
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18
18.1
Connection to a PRI Network ........................................................ 138
Connector Pin Assignments on the ARGUS 125 (Line) .............. 138
19
A)
B)
C)
D)
Appendix ......................................................................................... 139
Acronyms ........................................................................................ 139
CAUSE-Messages – DSS1 Protocol ............................................... 141
CAUSE-Messages – 1TR6 Protocol ............................................... 143
ARGUS Error Messages ................................................................ 145
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1 Introduction
The ARGUS 125 premium ISDN tester is a combitester which has not only the test
functions needed to support the installation and maintenance of BRI, 2Mbit/E1, PRI and Uinterface accesses but also those needed for POTS accesses.
In particular, service technicians, who increasingly work on larger, networked telephone
systems and switching systems, will quickly find the ARGUS 125 an indispensable tool.
With its rechargeable batteries and internal charger, the ARGUS is exceptionally well suited
for use in field service. The intuitive menu operation combines convenient cursor keys and
softkeys with a multi-line backlit display.
Besides TE/NT simulation on BRI and PRI accesses, the ARGUS 125 also supports TE
simulation on U interfaces (optional) and POTS as well as convenient BRI and PRI Dchannel monitoring. The 16 megabytes of internal flash memory enables the tester to
record and save the monitoring data without requiring a connection to computer.
The Flash-ROM technology permits you to upgrade your ARGUS at any time by download
software updates from a PC. Free software updates are available at www.argus.info.
If you use the ARGUS on a BRI or PRI interface in an ISDN system whose specifications
deviate from the (DIN ETS 300 102) standard (e.g. some networked PBXs), you must take
these manufacturer specific modifications into account. In such cases, please contact the
distributor of your ISDN PBX for assistance.
As an option, a V5.x monitor is available for the ARGUS 125: This monitor can be used to
record the V5.1 or V5.2 protocol, which can then be decoded in detail with the WINanalyse
software.
An optional MegaBERT is available for the ARGUS 125. This option extends the bandwidth
of the bit error rate test to a full 2 Mbit/s – either on all 32 time slots (2Mbit unframed) or
with 1984 kbit/s on time slots 1 to 31 (2Mbit framed).
The integrated USB interface supports the rapid transfer of data between the ARGUS and
a PC or notebook.
The ARGUS Functions - Overview:
Protocol Recognition and B-Channel Test for ISDN Accesses
After you select the operation mode, the ARGUS will automatically determine the protocol
supported by the access under test and will then test the availability of the B-channels.
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Telephone connections
Can a telephone call be placed from this access to every other number and/or can this
access receive a call?
Service tests
Does the tested access support connections with the most important services, such as,
ISDN telephone service, Group 4 - Facsimile or data transmission at 64 kbit/s etc.?
Additionally, three user-specific services can be saved in the ARGUS and tested on the
access under test.
Bit error tests (BERT) for PRI/E1, BRI, U-interface accesses with evaluation in
accordance with G.821 and G.826
Performs a BERT in an extended call to itself, via a loopbox or in end-to-end operation. The
ARGUS will, if needed, handle the loopbox function itself.
The integrated MegaBERT extends the bit error test on E1/PRI accesses to a full 2 Mbit/s
bandwidth. Any distribution of time slots ( n x 64 kBit/s ) may be used.
Supplementary Services
The ARGUS automatically tests the supplementary services made available by the
exchange.
Leased Line Tests – tests permanent circuits with BERT and speech
NT simulation of a BRI- or a PRI access
D-channel monitoring on the Basic and Primary Rate Interfaces
All of the D-channel signals are captured and passed to the serial interface. When
passively monitoring, the ARGUS does not affect Layer 1.
CF Interrogation
The ARGUS will check, whether a call diversion has been setup on the access under test.
The ARGUS can setup or clear down call diversions in the exchange.
MSN interrogation (only on a BRI access)
On a P-MP access using the DSS1 protocol, the ARGUS will determine the MSNs of the
access under test.
POTS (analog) Functionality
Tests CLIP and other Caller-ID services in accordance with ETS 300 659/778.
Monitoring an analog line (passive listening-in)
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POTS - Voltage and Polarity Measurement
The Access Acceptance Report
When the ARGUS is linked to a PC via the USB (or optional serial) interface, it is, as an
example, possible - with the aid of WINplus - to create and print a comprehensive test
report on the PC.
Testing Features via the Keypad
Supports manual tests in the so-called keypad mode. If the network supports this feature,
the user can send a command sequence and can then test service features in a dialog.
Should you have any further questions, please contact us:
Intec Gesellschaft für Informationstechnik mbH
Rahmedestr. 90
D-58507 Lüdenscheid
Tel.: +49 (0) 2351 / 9070-0
Fax: +49 (0) 2351 / 9070-70
www.argus.info
support@argus.info
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2 Safety Instructions
The ARGUS may only be used with the included accessories. Usage of other accessories
may lead to erroneous measurements and may even cause damage to the ARGUS and the
connected installation. The ARGUS is only to be used in accordance with the instructions in
this documentation. Any other usage may result in bodily injury and destruction of the
ARGUS.
•
To prevent electrical shocks or damage to the ARGUS, do not connect it to lines with
voltages in excess of 100 V!
•
Never attempt a measurement with the case open!
•
The ARGUS is not watertight. Protect the ARGUS from exposure to water!
•
Before replacing the rechargeable batteries (see page 16 Replacing the accumulators),
disconnect all the test leads and switch the ARGUS off. Make certain that the polarity is
correct when connecting the accumulators!
Return and environmentally acceptable disposal
ARGUS is not subject to the RoHS (EU Directive on the "Restriction of Hazardous
Substances") guidelines. Since October 2005 in compliance with WEEE (EU Directive on
Waste of Electrical and Electronic Equipment) 2002/96/EU and the German Electrical and
Electronic Equipment Act (ElektroG - Elektro- und Elektronikgerätegesetz), we have begun
marking our testers with the following symbol (
) (DIN EN 50419) .
In other words, the ARGUS may not be disposed of in the household waste. Regarding the
return of old equipment, please contact our Service department.
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3 Technical data
Dimensions and Weight
Inputs / Outputs
Height 280 mm, width 84 mm , depth 50
1 RJ-45 for BRI, PRI
mm and weight 350 gr (without batteries
1 RJ-45 for POTS and U-interface
and)
Keypad
25 Keys
1 DC jack for an external power supply
USB-A jack USB Client interface
1 RJ-11 for the serial interface (optional)
LCD display
2.5mm jack for headset
LCD display with switchable background
lighting, 64mm x 40mm,
128 x 64 pixels
Temperature Ranges
Ambient-temperature: 0 °C to +50 °C
Memory
512 KBytes of RAM
Operational limits temperature: -5 °C to +55
°C
16 MBytes of Flash memory for recording
and
storing of data from monitoring
Power Supply
4 NiMH AA accumulators or
ARGUS plug-in power supply
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4 Operation
Receiver inset
LEDs
LCD display
Soft keys
Confirmation key
Return key
Cursor keys
Numerical keypad
Layer 1 measurement
Making calls: Lift receiver/
Abort (on hook)
Power
Microphone
Fastener for
shoulder strap
Power key
-
Switch the ARGUS ON
-
To start up again after a power down (adjustable see page 132)
-
To switch on the display backlighting
In battery mode to save power, the backlighting will switch off
automatically after 5 seconds (adjustable see page 132).
-
Switch off the ARGUS (must be pressed somewhat longer)
If the ARGUS is connected to its power supply, it will automatically
charge the accumulators when switched off (see page 136 Accu
Servicing).
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Confirmation key
-
Open menu
-
The ARGUS will open the next display.
-
Start the test
-
Confirm the entry
Return key
-
The ARGUS will return to the previous display and ignore any
entries made at this level, e.g. changes to the settings
-
Test - interrupting
Cursor keys
-
Scroll through the display lines (vertical cursor keys)
-
Scroll through a display line
(horizontal cursor keys)
-
Select a menu
-
Select a function or a test
Telephony
-
Pickup or hang up
-
Simplified overlap signalling: press the telephone key twice
Layer 1 measurement
-
start the Layer 1 measurement (level/voltage)
Numerical keypad
-
Entry of the digits 0....9, letters and special characters
-
Direct function call
Soft keys
-
The function of the 3 softkeys varies with the situation. The current
function of each softkey is shown in the bottom, highlighted line of
the display.
The ARGUS is in largest part operated with the 4 cursor keys, the confirmation key  , the
return key X and the three softkeys.
The current assignment of the three softkeys is shown in the lower line of the display.
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On the following pages, only the softkey's meaning in the respective context is shown enclosed in brackets< >, e.g. <NO>. The <> softkey serves the same function as the 
confirmation key and the < > softkey performs the same function as the corresponding
arrow key on the ARGUS keypad.
Connectors at top
PWR
Connection for the external plug-in power supply.
If the plug-in power supply is connected, the ARGUS will
disconnect the accumulators and, when it is switched off,
the ARGUS will automatically recharge the accumulators
(see page 136 Accu Servicing).
SER. (optional)
Serial interface to connect a PC
USB
USB interface to connect a PC
Connector for a headset
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Connections at bottom
BRI/PRI/E1
Connection for a BRI/PRI network
BRI: pins 3/6 and 4/5
PRI: pins 1/8 and 2/7
Line
Connection for a POTS or U-interface network
(pins 7 and 8)
Replacing the accumulators
The compartment for the four accumulators (rechargeable batteries) is located on the back
of the case. Unscrew the screws to remove the cover of the case and insert the
accumulators in accordance with the polarity marking. Use only the accumulators included
in the package. The current state of the charge will (if the ARGUS is not connected to a
power supply) be displayed graphically.
In the LCD display, a battery symbol will begin to blink, when there is still approximately
(depending on the mode of operation) 15 minutes reserve. During this period, it is possible
that there may be audible interference and in rare cases even malfunctions (see page 136
Accu Servicing).
Power Down
In accu operation, if the ARGUS is idle for 15 minutes (adjustable see page 132), it
will automatically switch to the power-down mode (power-down). The ARGUS will
remain in power-down mode until the Power-Key is pressed again. Reasonably
enough, the ARGUS will not enter power-down mode during a test (e.g. Loopbox)
or when it is in Trace mode.
As an alternative, it is possible to operate the ARGUS using the included power supply.
When the power supply is connected, the accumulators are automatically disconnected.
Unplug the power supply from the mains, as soon as the ARGUS is no longer in
use and switched off.
Regardless of the type of supply used, you should always operate the ARGUS with
accumulators installed. This will ensure the uninterrupted operation of the real-time clock.
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5 Menu Hierarchy
Switch the ARGUS ON
The Accu Servicing
menu will now open
(see page 136)
The Main menu will open page 26
Menu
Access
Selection of the physical
access
S-Bus interface (BRI)
page 32
U-Interface
page 32
PRI interface
page 32
POTS interface
page 32
The Access Mode menu will
open automatically
BRI
Menu
Access mode
ARGUS 125
TE automatic
page 33
TE P-P
page 33
TE P-MP
page 33
NT P-P
page 33
NT P-MP
page 33
Monitor
page 41
Recorder
page 46
Leased line
page 34
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U-interface
POTS
PRI
TE automatic
page 33
TE P-P
page 33
TE P-MP
page 33
Leased line
page 34
POTS terminal
page 52
POTS monitor
page 55
TE P-P
page 33
NT P-P
page 33
Monitor
page 41
Recorder
page 46
Leased line
page 34
BRI, U, PRI
BERT start
Menu
Single tests
Bit Error Test
page 57
Supplementary Services page 66
Service tests
page 71
X.31 Test
page 74
CF Interrogation
page 77
CF Activation
page 79
CF - Delete
page 80
MSN interrogation (only
on a BRI or U-interface)
page 81
Connection display.
page 87
Traffic generator (PRI
access only)
page 82
Time measuring
page 84
POTS telephony
page 53
BERT wait
B-channel loop
Automatically / Manually
Conn. up time
B-channel delay
Interchannel delay
POTS
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Menu
Test Manager
BRI, U, PRI
Start new one
page 97
End all
page 100
Management of multiple,
simultaneous and
independent tests/
connections
Menu
Test Results
The ARGUS will display the saved
test results and send them to the
connected PC.
If selected, the ARGUS will execute
the test(s) automatically.
BRI
Menu
Level Measuring
Start
page 103
View
page 107
Test data to PC
page 108
Delete
page 108
All tests to PC
page 109
Remote end
page 110
other TE
page 110
POTS a/b polarity
page 114
Voltage U
page 112
Power U
page 112
POTS
U-interface
Menu
L1 status
The ARGUS displays the current status of the
Layer 1 on a BRI access (page 115) and the
Layer 1 parameter on a PRI access (page
116).
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Menu
Settings
The ARGUS can be configured to
suit your special requirements.
The parameters are clearly
organised in submenus (e.g. all
the ISDN parameters are in the
ISDN submenu)
The default (factory) settings can
be restored by selecting “Reset”.
PC/Trace
page 119
ISDN
page 120
- L1 permanent?
- Protocol
- Alerting mode
- Clock mode
- BRI termination
- PRI termination
- PRI Monitor
- Sensitivity
- Setting the Sa5 bits
- Setting the Sa6 bits
- Setting the A-Bit
- CRC4 Mode
- Call parameter
- Services
- Call accepted
- Voice coding
- DTMF / Keypad
- Destination number
MSN
- CUG Index
- Keypad
BERT
page 126
- BERT time
- Bit patt. BRI/U
- Bit patt. PRI
- Error level
- HRX value
POTS
page 128
- POTS dial
- POTS CLIP
- DTMF parameter
- FLASH time
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X.31
page 130
- TEI
- LCN
ARGUS settings
page 131
- Menu language
- LCD contrast
- Date entry
- PC Interface
- V.24 Baud rate
- Alarm
- Power Down
- Software option
Menu
Accu Servicing
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Numbers
page 133
Reset
page 134
Loading
page 136
Discharging &
Charging
page 136
Trickle charge
page 136
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6 Start-Up
Using the included cable connect the ARGUS to the access to be tested and then switch
the ARGUS on by pressing the
-key.
The ARGUS displays the access and mode parameters which were last selected.
Indicates the level of the
accumulators’ charge when
the ARGUS is operated
without the power supply.
Type of access
Operating mode
Current assignment of the
softkeys
Accu Servicing,
see page 136
Activation of the displayed
parameter. The ARGUS starts the
initialization phase and then shows
the status display (see page 26).
The displayed parameters
will not be accepted. The
Access menu will now
open (see page 32):
Name of the menu
Marked
access type
The ARGUS will set the type of access to the one marked with the .
Press
The Access mode menu will open.
Return to the previous display without changing to marked type of
Press
access
Select a type of access; the selected type will be marked with a  (in
Press
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the example, S-bus interface)
23
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In the Access menu, use the cursor keys to select which type of physical access is to be
tested.
Afterwards, the Access Mode menu will open automatically (see chap. 8 page 33).
Name of the menu
Marked Access
Mode
Using the cursor keys, you
can scroll down.
The ARGUS will set the type of access to the one marked with the .
Press
Afterwards, the ARGUS will start the initialisation phase.
to return to the previous display without changing to the marked type
Press
Press
of access
Select a type of access; the selected type will be marked with a  (in
the example, TE automatic)
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Initialization phase:
- Intialization on a BRI or U-Interface access
Next the ARGUS will setup Layer 1. While it is setting up Layer 1, the “L1 Sync” LED above
the display will blink. If the ARGUS cannot setup Layer 1, it will display the message “No
Net”. When the ARGUS is operated on a U-interface access, it can take up to 2.5 minutes
to activate Layer 1. As soon as Layer 1 is successfully setup, “L1 Sync” LED will light
continuously.
Once Layer 2 has been setup, the “L2 Rx/Tx” LED will light.
If both modes (P-P / P-MP) are found when Layer 2 on the D-channel is checked,
the mode must be selected manually (see page 33).
If everything has been correctly detected, the ARGUS will display the type and mode of
access found. Additionally, a qualitative assessment of the level will be displayed.
The ARGUS will automatically determine the protocol (in both TE and NT mode) or use the
protocol set manually (see page 120 Protocol). On a bilingual access, the ARGUS will use
the DSS1 protocol.
The “L3 Conn” LED will light after the ARGUS has setup Layer 3. At the same time the
ARGUS will start the B-channel test. The results will be displayed on the ARGUS. If an
error occurs in the B-channel test (e.g. access is not plugged-in), the ARGUS will depending on the class of error - either repeat the initialization or show an error message
(see page 145). The ARGUS will then idle in the Status display.
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Example:
State display on a BRI access
The ARGUS displays the following:
- Access type (e.g. BRI)
- Access mode
NT Simulation Slave Mode (see
NTs
page 121)
NTm
NT Simulation Master Mode
TEs
TE Simulation Slave Mode
TEm
TE Simulation Master Mode
Main Menu
- Bus configuration (D-channel Layer 2 mode)
P-P
Point-to-Point
P-MP
Point-to-Multipoint
D-channel protocol (in the example, DSS1)
- The availability of the B-channels:
Both B-channels are available
B12
Only B-channel 1 is available
B1Only B-channel 2 is available
B-2
No B-channel is available
B-- Level and voltage evaluation
Level/Voltage is OK
OK normal
Level/Voltage is too low
<<
Level/Voltage is too high
>>
No level/voltage
-Emergency supply
OK Rev
<START>
Repeat the B-channel test.
<CONFIG>
The ARGUS will open the
ISDN Settings menu (see
page 120).
If only one B-channel is available, this can have an impact on the service check
and the testing of the supplementary services.
It must be mentioned again, that the ARGUS only determines the general bus status once
when switched on or when the ARGUS first connected. On the other hand, the status of the
protocol stacks for Layer 1, 2 and 3 will be continually monitored and displayed.
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- Initialization on a PRI access
As soon as Layer 1 is successfully setup, the “L1 Sync” LED will light continuously. The
ARGUS will automatically determine and display, whether or not the PRI access uses
CRC4-monitoring. CRC4 monitoring can be switched on or off manually (see “CRC4 mode”
on page 123.).
The ARGUS will begin to automatically determine the access configuration. After Layer 2 is
setup, the “L2 Rx/Tx” LED will also light.
The ARGUS will, regardless of the mode of operation (TE or NT mode), determine the Dchannel protocol and attempt to setup Layer 3.
During this phase, the ARGUS displays the A bit
of the remote side and the FAS. The protocol can
only be determined when the A bit is not set (+).
FAS (Frame Alignment Signal): Indicates
whether the ARGUS could correctly synchronize
with the incoming 2 Mbit data stream’s
alternating frame identification word or message
word and the, perhaps present, CRC4superframe structure.
Afterwards, the ARGUS will start the B-channel test. The ARGUS will check the availability
of all 30 B-channels by placing an outgoing call on each B-channel one after the other. If
the ARGUS can place a call on a B-channel, it will be assumed that the B-channel is
available in both directions; the B-channel test cannot distinguish between alternating and
exclusively "outgoing" B-channels. If the connection is rejected with Cause 44 (see
Appendix B), the B-channel will be assumed to be only available for incoming calls. If the
connection is rejected for any other cause, the B-channel will be identified as unavailable.
In the case of a cause, which indicates that the B-channel is occupied, the connection will
be tried up to two times and, if a connection can still not be setup, it will then be marked as
unavailable.
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An example:
State display on a PRI access
The ARGUS displays the following:
- Type of access
- Access Mode
- Bus configuration:
- D-channel protocol
- The availability of the B-channels
Available B-channels: The light squares indicate
the available B-channels and are ordered in six
blocks of 5. The upper row of squares represent
the B-channels that are available for outgoing
connections, the lower row represents those that
can be used for incoming calls.
left:
B-channel 1
right:
B-channel 30
In the example, all 30 B-channels are available
and can be used for outgoing or alternating
connections.
- CRC4-monitoring, A-Bit, FAS
B-channel test – example:
The ARGUS is in TE-Simulation Slave mode.
B-channel 11 is not available.
The first 10 B-channels are configured in the
exchange as incoming channels only (seen from
the viewpoint of the terminal), while B11-B30 can
be used for outgoing or alternating connections.
If the ARGUS is not properly connected (e.g.
incorrect cabling) or the network is not in order, the
ARGUS will display “No Net”.
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- State display on a POTS access
The ARGUS will display the voltage when idle.
- State display on a U-interface access
The ARGUS will display
- the type of access
- the access mode
- the D-channel protocol
- the U-interface variant
- the availability of the B-channels and
- the voltage when idle.
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29
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The ARGUS Main Menu
For clarity, all of the available “actions” (commands) are logically organised in menus. All of
the menus, which are available for the type of access under test, are listed in the Main
menu.
ARGUS State display
Repeat the B-channel test.
Main menu
Marked menu
The display currently shows
the top line of the list.
The list continues. Using the
cursor keys, you can scroll
down.
to have the ARGUS open the menu marked with the .
Press
Press
to select a menu. The selected menu is marked in the display with a .
to return to the previous menu (in the example, the State display).
Press
Available menus
PRI access
BRI or U-interface access POTS access
Single Tests
Single Tests
Test Manager
Test Manager
Test results
Test results
Test results
Level measuring
Level measuring
________
Single Tests
_______
L1 state
The L1 state (BRI only)
Configuration
Configuration
Configuration
Access
Access
Access
Accu servicing
Accu servicing
Accu servicing
30
_______
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Using the numeric keys to start a test or function:
Using the numeric keys, you can start important ARGUS functions directly, regardless of
the currently active menu level:
BRI and PRI accesses:
Numeric key 2
Start the service check
(see page 71)
Numeric key 3
Start the suppl.serv.test
(see page 66)
Numeric key 4
Start the AutoTest
(see page 103)
Numeric key 5
Send test results to a PC:
The measurement report
Start connection
last saved or displayed will
be sent to the connected
PC.
Numeric key 6
Open the Test Manager
(see page 96)
Numeric key 7
Open the Speed-Dialing Memory
(see page 133)
Numeric key 8
Set to Trace mode
(see page 119)
Numeric key 9
Start the bit error rate test (BERT)
(see page 57)
If a function is called where the ARGUS expects the entry of a digit, pressing a
number key will be interpreted as the expected input.
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7 Setting the Type of Access
If the parameters displayed at power on are not accepted, the Access menu will open
automatically. However, you can also open the Access menu at any time from the Main
menu.
In the Access menu, the user must select the type of physical access to which the ARGUS
is actually connected. When the ARGUS is restarted, the settings used last will be
suggested as the default.
If you use the ARGUS on a BRI in an ISDN system, whose specifications deviate from the
(DIN ETS 300 102) standard, such as those of some networked PBXs, you must take these
manufacturer-specific modifications into account. In such cases, please contact the
distributor of your ISDN PBX for assistance.
ARGUS State display
Open the Main menu
Using the cursor keys select the Access menu.
Using the cursor keys mark the desired type of
access.
Press to confirm your selection
The Access Mode menu will open
automatically (see page 33).
The following applies for all displays:
The ARGUS will return to the previous
display and ignore any changes to the
settings.
In this case, the ARGUS would e.g. use
the "old" access.
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8 Selecting the Access mode
The Access mode menu is not selectable from the
Main menu.
It opens automatically once the physical access is
selected in the Access menu.
Using the cursor keys, select the desired Access
mode.
Confirm the Access mode
The ARGUS will open the State display.
8.1 Operation on a BRI, U-Interface or PRI access
8.1.1 TE-Simulation mode
TE automatic
On a BRI or U-interface access, the ARGUS will automatically determined the Dchannel Layer 2 mode (PP or P-MP). If the ARGUS determines that the access
supports both modes, a configuration menu will open in which you can select the
desired L2 mode
TE P-P or TE P-MP
Afterwards, the access and the protocol stack will be initialized in accordance with the
selected setting. When the ARGUS finds a PRI access, it will enter P-P mode.
8.1.2 NT-Simulation mode
NT P-P or NT P-MP
Afterwards, the access and the protocol stack will be initialized in accordance with the
selected setting. When the ARGUS finds a PRI access, it will enter P-P mode.
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ARGUS
8.1.3 Permanent switch circuit (leased line)
Besides dial-up connections to any subscriber, ISDN also supports the use of permanent
circuits switched to a specific remote location (leased lines). These leased lines
(permanent circuits) are available after setting up Layer 1, in other words after
synchronizing both terminals by exchanging HDLC-frames. The location where the clock is
generated can be selected see “Clock mode” on page 121. As a quick test of a leased line,
you can simply call the opposite end using a selected B-channel. However, for a more
revealing test of a leased line, you should perform a bit error rate test.
Both ends of the leased line (permanent circuit) must use the same channel.
8.1.3.1 Telephony on leased lines
The ARGUS - Main menu
State display:
BRI LLs
Display the LL(s) in the State display.
The ARGUS will open the B-channel
selection.
The ARGUS displays the B-channels
available. Use the vertical cursor keys to
select a B-channel or enter the number of
the B-channel on the keypad
(first press < DEL>).
The ARGUS will setup the phone connection
and display the B-channel used together with
the duration of the leased line connection
(permanent switch circuit) in
hours:minutes:seconds.
< LOUD >
Increases the volume.
or
< QUIET > sets it back to “Normal”.
< TM >
Start Test Manager (see page 96).
Another connection can be setup.
Disconnect.
The ARGUS will open the State display.
Alternatively, in the Single tests menu, select Connection.
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8.1.3.2 BERT on leased lines (permanent circuits)
On a BRI access:
A number of variations are possible in testing the
permanent circuit with the bit error rate test.
In the simplest case, a B-channel loop will be set up
at the remote end.
After selection of the channel to be tested (B-channel
or D-channel), the ARGUS will send the test pattern,
receive it back and evaluate it accordingly.
The displays and operation are, in largest part,
similar to those of a BERT on a dial-up connection
(see page 57) with the exception that you need not
enter call numbers or select a service.
Select a channel
In the case of a BRI access in end-to-end mode
(page 57 and page 64), it is also possible to run a
BERT in the D-channel with HDLC-framing (setting:
D-channel transp.).
Optional:
128k BERT on a BRI or U-interface permanent circuit
Select a B-channel
Enter the B-channel on
the keypad.
Start BERT
The ARGUS will display
- the bit pattern, B-channel used and the bitrate
- Synchronicity of the bit pattern (synchron)
- Sync.time in h:min:sec (the period of time that the
ARGUS has been synchronised)
- LOS counter
- the bit errors that have occurred
< ERROR>
to insert artificial bit errors to test the
reliability of the BERT.
< RESET >
The test time and bit error counter
will be reset.
< TM >
Start Test Manager (see page 96).
Once it is over, the ARGUS will display the results of
the BERT (page 60). For information on saving the
test results, see page 62.
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35
ARGUS
On a PRI access:
In the case of a PRI access in end-to-end mode (see
page 59 and page 64), a BERT can be run
- in the D-channel
- in a B-channel (channel selection: B-channel (64k))
- in two B-channels (channel selection: B-channel
(128k))
- MegaBERT framed
(optional: in all B-channels and in the D-channel)
- MegaBERT unframed
(optional: all B-channels, the D-channel and time
slot 0)
Select a channel
The channel select mask will open.
In the channel select mask, use the vertical cursor
keys to select the first B-channel (or first press
<DEL> and then enter the number of the first Bchannel on the keypad).
Then press
.
Afterwards, enter the second B-channel.
Start BERT
The ARGUS will display
- the bit pattern, B-channel used and the bitrate
- Synchronicity of the bit pattern (synchron)
- Sync.time in h:min:sec (the period of time that the
ARGUS has been synchronised)
- LOS counter
- the bit errors that have occurred
< ERROR>
to insert artificial bit errors to test the
reliability of the BERT.
< RESET >
The test time and bit error counter
will be reset.
< TM >
Start Test Manager (see page 96).
Once it is over, the ARGUS will display the results of
the BERT (page 60). For information on saving the
test results, see page 62.
Loopbox on a permanent circuit (leased line)
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ARGUS
The ARGUS can be used as a loopbox on a leased line
(permanent circuit).
Select a channel
Activate loopbox
Channel selection:
The ARGUS will loop either one B-channel (Channel
selection: B-channel) or all B-channels and the Dchannel (Channel selection: All framed).
In the case of a PRI access, you can also choose “All
unframed (optional)” in the channel selection:
in which case the ARGUS will loop all B-channels, the Dchannel and time slot 0.
The ARGUS will display the B-channel used and the
amount of time (in h:min:sec) that the Loopbox has been
active.
to deactivate the Loopbox.
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8.1.3.3 Time measurements on leased lines
B-channel delay
The ARGUS places a call to a remote loopbox and measures the propagation delay for the
data in the selected B-channel. The measurement (continuous measurement) must be
terminated manually.
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
B-channel select
Enter the B-channel from the keypad (first press
<DEL>) or use the cursor keys to set the B-channel.
Perform measurement
The ARGUS displays the average (avg), the shortest
(min) and the longest (max) B-channel delay as well as
the average B-channel delay in bits (in multiples of the
time required to send a bit at 64 kBit/s).
(The time for sending 1 bit at 64 kBit/s = approx. 15.26
µs.)
The measurement will be
(continuous measurement).
:
repeated
in
cycles
to terminate the measurement and
display the results of the last
measurement
When it is connected to a loopbox, if the ARGUS does not receive the data back within 13
seconds, it will display the message “No LOOP”.
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ARGUS
Interchannel delay
The ARGUS establishes two separate connections to a remote loopbox. The loopbox
sends the respective B-channel data back on the same channel. The ARGUS measures
the propagation delay for the data on each of the B-channels and determines the difference
between the two propagation delays (interchannel delay). The measurement (continuous
measurement) must be terminated manually.
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
B-channel select
B-channel select
B-channel selection on a PRI access only:
Enter the first B-channel from the keypad (first press
<DEL>) or use the cursor keys to set the first Bchannel.
Enter the second B-channel from the keypad (first
press <DEL>) or use the cursor keys to set the second
B-channel.
Perform measurement
The ARGUS displays the average (avg), the shortest
(min) and the longest (max) interchannel delay in
msec. as well as the average interchannel delay in bits
(multiples of the time required to send a bit at 64 kBit/s)
- it takes 15.26 µsec to send a bit at 64 kBit/s).
The measurement will be
(continuous measurement).
:
repeated
in
cycles
to terminate the measurement and
display the results of the last
measurement
When it is connected to a loopbox, if the ARGUS does not receive the data back within 13
seconds, it will display the message “No LOOP”.
ARGUS 125
39
ARGUS
8.1.3.4 Switching from permanent switch mode
Select the type of access
Select the Access mode
ARGUS State display
40
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8.1.4 BRI/PRI Monitor
The ARGUS accepts all of the D-channel signals from the BRI or PRI access and sends
these D-channel signals over the serial interface to a PC, which must be running ARGUS
WINplus or WINAnalyse. The bus and Layer 1 are not influenced by the monitoring.
Monitoring a BRI access
ARGUS State display
<START>
Monitoring is not yet active!
Start monitoring
The ARGUS displays the recording time in h:min:sec
and the number of recorded signals.
Stop monitoring.
B-channel select
Listening-in on voice data
Enter the B-channel from the keypad (first press
<DEL>) or use the cursor keys to set the B-channel.
The ARGUS will switch the handset to this Bchannel.
It is now possible to listen to the voice data (in the
direction Network ---> User).
<LOUD>
to increase the listening volume
<QUIET> to stop listening
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41
ARGUS
Simultaneous call display while monitoring a BRI access
While monitoring, the ARGUS will search through all
of the D-channels signals sent for a SETUP. If a
SETUP is detected, the <TALK> softkey will be
displayed.
Display the call parameters of the last SETUP
received.
The ARGUS displays the call direction (Net ->
User), the channel used (in the example, B01), the
service (in the example: Speech), the own number
(in the example, 61) and the destination number (in
the example, 33).
Display of other parameters:
Sub-address (SUB),
User-User-Info (UUI),
DSP messages (if existent),
Type of number (TON)
Numbering plan (NP)
42
ARGUS 125
ARGUS
Listening-in when monitoring is not active
ARGUS State
Monitoring is not active.
<MENU>
It is possible to passively listen-in on the networkside, the terminal-side or both sides.
B-channel select
Enter the B-channel
Listening-in
to stop listening-in.
The ARGUS will return to the Main menu.
ARGUS 125
43
ARGUS
Monitoring a PRI access:
In the ISDN Configuration menu (see page 122), you can choose whether the ARGUS
should monitor the D-channel or just Layer 1 (setting not supported in connection with the
V5 option).
Start monitoring
As soon as a change occurs, the ARGUS will send a
time-stamped report of the following alarms/states to
the PC, which will evaluate them:
- Signal
- FAS
- CRC4det
- A bit
- AIS
The ARGUS will check the following values and
counters every second and, in the event of a change,
will pass them on the PC:
- Sa5-bit (Rx)
- Sa6-bit (Rx)
- E-bit
- Ecnt
- CRC Err.
- Cod.Err.
- Fram.Err.
For information on listening-in, see the BRI Monitor.
44
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ARGUS
Display of the L1 Status in PRI Monitor mode
The L1 status function is only available in PRI Monitor mode. The Layer 1 alarms and
messages are presented in several windows, which permit detailed statements regarding
the state of the PRI access and the transmission line (For further information, see the
CCITT/ITU guidelines G.703 and G.704).
The ARGUS is in PRI Monitor mode
Monitoring is not active.
Display of the "TE-side parameters"
Use the cursor keys to scroll through the display.
< NT >
Switch to “L1 status NT”; the “NT-side
parameters” will be displayed
<RESET>
Reset the History function
Quit.
The ARGUS returns to the Main menu.
For a comprehensive explanation of the displayed
information: see “The L1 Status of a PRI Access” on
page 116.
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45
ARGUS
8.1.5 BRI / PRI Recorder
In Recorder mode, the ARGUS passively monitors the connected BRI or PRI access.
The ARGUS records all of the D-channel signals sent in both directions without affecting
the access or Layer 1.
Unlike in the Monitor mode, the recorded D-channel signals will be saved in the ARGUS’s
internal Flash memory and not sent to a PC. The storage is organized as a ring buffer, i.e.
as soon as the Flash memory is full, the ARGUS will automatically overwrite the oldest
data.
Operation on a PRI access:
The ARGUS is in “PRI Recorder” mode. However, it
is not yet recording!
Start recording (the “PC/Trace” LED will flash)
The display shows the recording time in h:min:sec
and the number of recorded signals.
<LISTEN> The speech path will be switched onto a
B-channel. First the B-channel select
dialog will open. After selecting a Bchannel, it will be possible to listen to
the voice data (in the direction Network ----> User) on this channel.
Stop recording. The Argus returns to
“PRI Recorder” mode
For information on listening-in when not recording:
see “Listening-in when monitoring is not active” on
page 43.
46
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ARGUS
Parallel call display while recording
The ARGUS searches all of the D-channel signals sent for a SETUP. If a SETUP is
detected, the <TALK> softkey will be displayed.
<TALK>
Display the call parameters of the last SETUP received (see page 42).
On a PRI , the ARGUS saves a timestamped report of any changes in the following alarms/
states:
- Signal
- FAS
- CRC4det
- A bit
- AIS
The ARGUS will check the following values and counters every second and, in the event of
a change, will save them:
- Sa5-Bit (Rx) / (Tx)
- Sa6-Bit (Rx) / (TX)
- E-bit
- Ecnt
- CRC Err.
- CRC rel.
- Cod.Err.
- Cod.rel
- Frm.Err.
For information on passively listening-in when the ARGUS is not recording, see page 43.
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ARGUS
8.1.5.1 Administration of the recorded data
In the Recorder mode, several functions are available for administration of the data saved
in the Flash memory:
- PC load all
- PC load session
- Internal decoding
- Reset Flash
- Info Flash
PC load all
With the “PC load all” function, the ARGUS will download all of the contents of the Flash
memory via the serial interface to the PC, which must be running either WINplus or
WINanalyse.
The ARGUS is in “PRI Recorder” mode.
However, it is not yet recording!
Start charging the accumulators
The contents of the Flash
memory will be downloaded to
the PC.
Query whether the contents of
the Flash memory should be
deleted.
The download is stopped.
After the data has been successfully transferred to
the PC, the Flash memory contents can be deleted.
PC
load
session
< YES > Delete the contents of the Flash
memory.
< NO >
or
48
Do not delete the contents of the
Flash memory. The ARGUS will
return to the Main menu.
ARGUS 125
ARGUS
In the ARGUS, the storage in the internal Flash is organized as a ring buffer, which can
hold the data from a series of several sessions (i.e. independent trace recordings). At the
start of each session, the date and time will be written in the ring buffer.
The “PC load session” function transfers all of the data session-by-session to the PC on
which either WINplus or WINanalyse must be running. The time and date that the session
was started will be displayed in WINplus/WINanalyse.
The ARGUS is in “PRI Recorder” mode.
However, it is not yet recording!
The loading of the individual sessions will start.
Session will be sent to the PC
The download is stopped.
Query
whether
another
session should be sent to the
PC.
Multiple sessions can be transferred to the PC one
after the other.
< CONTI. > Send next session to the PC.
Query whether the contents of
the Flash memory should be
deleted.
After the data has been successfully transferred to
the PC, the Flash memory contents can be deleted.
< YES >
Delete the contents of the Flash
memory.
< NO >
or
ARGUS 125
Do not delete the contents of the
Flash memory. The ARGUS will
return to the Main menu.
49
ARGUS
Internal decoding
The ARGUS will decode the D-channel data stored
in the Flash memory.
The ARGUS is in “PRI Recorder” mode.
However, it is not yet recording!
Display the signals sent to the network “<” and to the
user “>”
Use the cursor keys to scroll through the display.
< DECODE > Display a detailed presentation (3
levels max.)
Return the next higher mask level
or
continue to the menu
Info Flash
Call up the status of the data in the Flash memory:
- The number of saved sessions
- Free memory in MB and in percent
The ARGUS is in “PRI Recorder” mode.
However, it is not yet recording!
Display information on the status of the Flash
memory.
The number of saved sessions (in the example 2)
and the amount of free Flash memory in MB and
percent.
Continue to the menu
Reset
50
Flash
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ARGUS
The Reset Flash function will delete the entire
contents of the data Flash memory.
The ARGUS is in “PRI Recorder” mode.
However, it is not yet recording!
Query whether the contents
of the Flash memory should
be deleted.
< YES > Delete the contents of the Flash
memory.
The procedure can take several seconds. The
ARGUS will show the progress of the procedure as
the percentage deleted.
It is not possible to stop the process of deletion!
< NO >
or
ARGUS 125
Continue to the menu
The contents of the Flash memory will
not be deleted.
51
ARGUS
9 Operation on a POTS access
9.1 The ARGUS as a POTS terminal
The ARGUS in its Main menu
The Argus behaves like a POTS (analog) terminal.
52
<TALK>
For information on setting up a call,
see page 53.
< MENU >
The ARGUS will return to the Main
menu.
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ARGUS
9.2 Connection on a POTS access
Outgoing Calls
The ARGUS sets up a connection to another terminal. If the terminal is a telephone, the
handset integrated in the ARGUS can be used to hold a conversation.
In the Main menu, use the cursor keys to select Single
tests or press the
key.
Setup the connection
Enter the number on the keypad. Each of the number's
digits will be dialed individually. The ARGUS will
display the number dialed.
As soon as the remote party answers, a voice
connection will be set up.
The ARGUS will display the charges, if the information
is available for the access under test.
<R>
Generates a FLASH signal
<No.>
Select the number from the call number
memory or reenter the number on the
keypad The last number dialed will
always be used as the default (simplified
last number redial).
<LOUD>
Increase volume
Clear the connection
or
Clear the connection
Simplified overlap sending using the telephone key
Press the
key the ARGUS will open the POTS telephony window directly
regardless of the currently open menu. Once the call number is entered, the call
will be setup.
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53
ARGUS
Incoming Call
The ARGUS signals an incoming call both audibly and on the display.
If the access supports CLIP, the ARGUS will display
the number of the caller (see “CLIP mode” on page
128.).
<ACCEPT>
or
54
Accept the call
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ARGUS
9.2.1 POTS monitor
Essentially, the POTS (analog) monitor provides a high impedance tap that does not
influence the interface. You can listen to the line with the integrated handset without having
the ARGUS send on or otherwise influence the interface.
The ARGUS in its Main menu
The ARGUS displays the voltage level on the line
when it is “on hook” (not busy).
Start monitoring
The ARGUS displays the voltage (when "off hook"),
the number of the caller (if CLIP is supported) and
the DTMF characters dialed by both telephone
subscribers and the SMSs received (optional).
Any received DTMF-characters will be appended to
the line, which will shift left for each character once it
is full.
An incoming call will be signalled acoustically.
Vertical cursor keys Press to display additional
information, if available on the access (e.g. advice of
charges).
< LOUD > Increases the volume.
< DEL >
Clears the display.
Stop monitoring.
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55
ARGUS
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10 Tests on an ISDN Access
10.1 Bit error test
The bit error rate test
(BERT = Bit Error Rate Test) serves to check the transmission
quality of the access circuit.
As a rule, the network operator will guarantee an average error rate of 1 x 10-7, in other
words in long-term operation 1 bit error in 10 million transmitted bits. A higher bit error rate
will be especially noticeable in transmitting data.
The application program detects the errors in the data blocks transmitted and requests that
the remote partner send them again, which reduces the effective throughput of the ISDN
connection.
In the bit error test, the tester establishes an ISDN connection to a remote tester or places
a call to itself, sends a standardized (quasi-) random number string and compares the
received data with that which was sent. The individual bit errors are summed and
depending on the test procedure and equipment evaluated in accordance with the ITU
Guidelines G.821 and G.826.
During the test, the ARGUS counts the bit errors and after the test is done it calculates the
bit error rate and other parameters in accordance with G.821 and G.826. Since the bit error
test checks both B-channels in both directions at the same time, both B-channels are
required.
As a rule, the quality of the network operator’s access circuits is quite good. Therefore, no
bit errors should occur in a 1-minute test. However, if an error occurs, the test should be
repeated with a measurement time of 15 minutes to achieve higher statistical precision.
The access circuit is heavily distorted, if more than 10 bit errors occur within a test period of
15 minutes.
Contact the network operator or the supplier of the PBX equipment and ask them to test
your access circuit.
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57
ARGUS
The BERT can be performed in three different ways:
1.
BERT in an extended call to oneself
A remote number is not needed, since the ISDN connection is setup to oneself. In
this case, the ARGUS requires two B-channels for the test.
2.
BERT with a loopbox
A loopbox (e.g., another member of the ARGUS family of testers at the remote end)
is required. The test uses one B-channel.
3.
BERT end-to-end
This test requires a waiting remote tester such as an ARGUS in the BERT wait mode.
(see page 64 BERT wait) A bit pattern is sent to this tester.
Independent of the received bit pattern, the remote tester uses the same algorithm to
generate the bit-pattern that it sends back. Therefore, both directions are tested
independently.
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10.1.1 Start BERT
The following parameters are required for the BERT:
BERT time
default duration = 1 minute
Error level
If the bit error rate exceeds this limit, the ARGUS will display
the test result NO. If the bit error rate is less than this limit, the
ARGUS will display an OK (default setting = 10-06)
HRX value
Hypothetical reference connection in %, see the ITU-T G.821
(default setting = 15 %)
Bit pattern
Pattern which will be sent during the test (default setting = 2151)
The parameters can be individually changed to suit and then saved (see page 126).
In the Main menu, select Bit error test.
Enter own number
Select service
Select a B-channel
Enter your Own number to perform the BERT in an
extended call to oneself (two B-channels)
or
a remote number for a BERT to a loopbox (one Bchannel) or end-to-end.
Using the cursor keys, select the service which should be
used for the BERT.
Enter the B-channel on the keypad (first press <DEL>). If
you enter an *, the ARGUS will choose any B-channel
that is free.
Start BERT
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59
ARGUS
After the ARGUS has setup the connection and
synchronied the send and receive directions, it will
display the bit pattern, the B-channel used (e.g. B1),
the synchronicity of the bit pattern (synchronous or
asynchronous), the sync time in h:min:sec (time in
which the ARGUS can sync to the bit pattern),
the LOS counter and the number of bit errors that have
occurred.
< ERROR >
The ARGUS will generate an artificial
bit error, which can be used to test
the reliability of the measurement (in
particular for end-to-end tests).
< TM >
Call the Test Manager (see page 96)
< RESET >
Restart the bit error test: The test
time and number of bit errors will be
reset.
Stop the BERT
When a bit error is detected, this will be signaled by a brief alarm; in the event
that the synchronisation is lost, a constant alarm will sound (see page 132 Alarm
bell).
After the test time is over, the ARGUS will display the
cause and the location which initiated the disconnect.
If the test ran normally, the ARGUS will display “Active
clearing” on this line.
The test results display:
-
The evaluation of the results depends on
the error level (OK)
Transferred data (K= 1024* bits, k=1000*Bit),
sync.time
LOS counter
abs.err: The number of bit errors
rel. err: The bit error rate (e.g. 9.7E-07 = 9.7·10-7
= 0.00000097)
Display of other characteristic values (in accordance
with ITU-T G.821)
All values are relative and given in percentages. The
ARGUS evaluates whether the test results satisfy the
limits specified in the CCITT G.821 with consideration
of the reference connection HRX (displaying OK or
NO).
60
ARGUS 125
ARGUS
Use the cursor keys to scroll through the results.
<G.826>
Display of the G.826 characteristic
values
Return to the previous display
Characteristic values in accordance with ITU-T G.821 / G.826
HRX
Defines the hypothetical reference connection
EFS
Error Free Seconds:
The number of seconds in which no error occurred.
ES821
Errored Seconds:
The number of seconds in which one or more errors occurred.
SES821
Severely Errored Seconds:
The number of seconds in which the bit error rate is >10-3.
In one second, 64,000 bits are transferred, thus BitERror=10-3 equates to
64 bit errors.
US
Unavailable Seconds:
The number of all sequentially adjacent seconds (at least 9 sec) in which
BER>10-3.
AS
Available Seconds:
The number of all sequentially adjacent seconds (at least 9 sec) in which
BER<10-3.
DM
Degraded Minutes:
The number of minutes in which the bit error rate is >10-6.
In one minute, 3,840,000 bits are transferred, thus a BER = 10-6
corresponds to 3.84 bit errors (3 errors = NO (no Degraded Minutes), 4
errors = OK (Degraded Minutes).
LOS
Loss of Synchronisation:
Synchronization is lost at an error rate > or = 20% within a second. The
absolute number of synchronization losses will be shown.
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10.1.1.1 BERT - saving
The ARGUS can store the results of several BERTs. The ARGUS saves the results
together with the date, time and call number of the access under test (if this number is
entered as the "own" number in the speed-dialing memory) under the next free record
number (see page 101).
If all of the records are used, the ARGUS will return to the Autom. Test dialog and request
permission to overwrite the oldest test results.
Save the result?
<YES>
BERT - saving
Use the keypad to enter the name under which the
ARGUS should save the results
(Default: AMP_1, AMP_2.... or the call number of the
access under test if the number has been entered into
the speed-dialling memory (see page 133)).
When the right softkey is pressed it assumes a
different meaning and thus influences the entries made
from the keypad (letters or digits):
< 12>ab > entry of the digits 0 to 9 plus * and #
< ab>AB >
entry of the lowercase characters and
@, /,- and .
(e.g. to enter a "c“ press the "2" on the
keypad three times)
< AB>12 >
entry of the uppercase characters and
@, /,- and .
Move the cursor
<DEL>
62
Delete the character before the cursor
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ARGUS
10.1.1.2 Display the saved BERT results
The ARGUS in its Main menu
Use the cursor keys to select the record in which the
BERT has been saved (in the example: record 1 with the
record name 0235190700)
ARGUS State display
The ARGUS will first display the status of the access
under test.
<CONTI.>
Display of the
Display of the saved results (see page 107).
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63
ARGUS
10.1.2 BERT wait
In “BERT wait” mode, the ARGUS will wait for the BERT at the remote end which is
necessary for an end-to-end test:
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
Activate “BERT wait”
The ARGUS first waits for a call and then sets up the
connection. During the connection, the received bit
pattern will be evaluated and an additional
independent bit pattern will be sent.
< TM > Opens the Test Manager (page 96)
The ARGUS displays that will appear are the same as
those in Chapter 10.1.1 Start BERT .
Exit “BERT wait” mode
64
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ARGUS
10.1.3 B-channel loop
“B-channel loop” mode is required in order to run a bit error test using a loopbox at the
remote end as well as to test leased lines.
ARGUS - Single tests menu
Activate the "B-channel LOOP“
The ARGUS will wait for a call. Any incoming call
(regardless of the service) will be taken immediately.
The ARGUS will switch a loop back in the B-channel
that is specified by the exchange and then send the
recieved bit pattern back to the caller/sender.
<MENU> The ARGUS will return to the Main
menu.
(The “B-channel Loop” remains active. In the Main
menu, if <TM> is pressed, the ARGUS will return to “Bchannel Loop, wait active”, see page 100). From this
menu, you can start a second B-channel loop
connection (this is also possible using < TM >).
< TM > Opens the Test Manager (page 96)
Exit “B-channel Loop” mode
If the ARGUS takes a call, the caller's number will be
shown in the display (e.g. 235190700),
along with the B-channel used (e.g. B01) and the
number dialled (e.g. 907070).
Use the cursor keys to display additional information
(e.g. UUS…) if available.
< TM > Opens the Test Manager (page 96)
<MENU> The ARGUS will return to the Main
menu.
Disconnect B-channel loop
B-channel loop still active
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ARGUS
10.2 Test the Supplementary Services
The ARGUS checks whether the access under test supports supplementary services in
1TR6 or DSS1 protocol.
10.2.1 Suppl. Services Test for the 1TR6 Protocol
The ARGUS in its Main menu
Start the test
The test results are displayed automatically:
+=
suppl. service supported
- =
suppl. service not supported
Use the cursor keys to scroll through the results
The ARGUS returns to the Single tests
menu.
Sperre
Blocking enabled for outgoing calls
AWS1
Call forwarding type 1 enabled (continuous)
AWS2
Call forwarding type 2 enabled (case by case)
Anschluss GBG
Access belongs to a Closed Users Group
Geb.anzeige
Advice of charge
Rufnummern-Id
Set up call number identifier - against malicious calls
66
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10.2.2 Suppl.service interrogation in DSS1
In the Single tests menu, use the cursor keys to select
Service test.
Enter own number
Select service
Use the keypad to enter the "Own number" or select if
from the speed-dialing memory (the number of the
access under test) (see “Saving Call Numbers” on
page 133.). The ARGUS will test the availability of the
supplementary service (in part by placing a call to
itself).
Using the cursor keys, select the service which should
be used for the supplementary services test.
Select a B-channel
Enter the B-channel on the keypad. By default, the
channel last used will be suggested. If you enter an *,
the ARGUS will choose any B-channel that is free.
Select test
Using the cursor keys, select which supplementary
service should be verified to be supported by the
access under test (e.g. the supplementary service
TP).
Start the test
The ARGUS will display the results of the test once it
is done:
+=
suppl. service supported
- =
suppl. service not supported
to scroll through the results.
Close the results display.
The ARGUS will return to the
previous display.
Test
Comments
TP
The ARGUS tests the TP (Terminal Portability) supplementary service by
making a self call.
HOLD
ARGUS 125
The ARGUS tests the HOLD supplementary service by making a self call.
67
ARGUS
CLIP
(CLIP,
CLIR,
COLP,
COLR)
In this test, the ARGUS checks, one after the other, whether the 4
supplementary services CLIP, CLIR, COLP and COLR are supported. To
do so, the ARGUS will setup as many as three calls to itself.
CLIP: Will the calling subscriber's number be displayed at the called
subscriber?
t = CLIP temporarily available
p = CLIP permanently available
CLIR: Will the display of the calling subscriber's number at the called
subscriber be suppressed or is it possible to temporarily suppress the
display?
If the ARGUS displays an *, it is not possible to determine the availability of
the service, since no CLIP has been set up.
t = CLIR temporarily available
p = CLIR permanently available
COLP: Will the call number of the subscriber who answered be displayed
on the caller's phone?
COLR: Will the display of the call number of the subscriber who answered
be suppressed on the caller's phone or is it possible to temporarily
suppress the display?
If the ARGUS displays an *, it is not possible to determine the availability of
the service, since no COLP has been set up.
The suppl. services pairs CLIP and CLIR as well as COLP and COLR will
be tested. If CLIR or COLR is set up permanently, it is not possible to make
a clear assessment.
DDI
Can a caller directly dial in to an extension on the PBX access under test?
CF
(CFU,
CFB,
CFNR)
In this test, the ARGUS will check whether the 3 supplementary services
CFU, CFB and CFNR are supported.
CFU: Can this access immediately forward an incoming call?
CFB: Can this access forward an incoming call when it is busy; in other
words does it support Call Forwarding Busy?
CFNR: Can this access forward an incoming call when it is not answered?
The CF test attempts to setup a call diversion to the call number that is in
the memory location for “remote call number 1” (see “Saving Call Numbers”
on page 133.). The CF test cannot be performed, if this location does not
contain a valid call number to which it is possible to divert a call.
CW
68
Does the access under test support call waiting?
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ARGUS
CCBS
CCBS-T
/ Will the access under test automatically recall a remote subscriber, if the
CCNR
CCNR-T
/ Will the access under test automatically recall a remote subscriber if the
MCID
number called was busy?
call was not answered?
Does the access tested allow identification of malicious callers (call
tracing)?
3pty
Does the access under test support a three-party conference call?
For this test, you need the assistance of a remote subscriber, whose call
number must be entered.
ECT
Is an explicit call transfer supported by the access under test?
For this test, you need the assistance of a remote subscriber, whose call
number must be entered.
AOC
The ARGUS checks whether the charges can be sent to the access under
test. The test uses a call to oneself to check both AOC-D (AOC during a
call) and AOC-E (AOC at the end of a call).
SUB
A call is made to oneself and answered to check the transfer of the subaddress in both directions.
Are sub-addresses supported on the access under test?
UUS
Does the access under test support the transfer of user data?
CUG
The ARGUS then uses a self call to check whether the access under test
belongs to a closed user group.
CD
An incoming call will be diverted immediately. This form of call diversion
differs from the others in that it is invoked on a call-by-call basis, and is not
preconfigured to a specific destination.
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ARGUS
10.2.3 Supplementary Services Tests – Error messages
If an error occurs during the Supplementary Services Tests or if it is not possible to setup a
call, the ARGUS will display the corresponding error code (e.g. 28).
Example: The error code 28 belongs to the error class "wrong or invalid number".
In the table below, you will find that this is an error from the network and that it reports that
the call number was incomplete or in the wrong call number format (see “CAUSEMessages – DSS1 Protocol” on page 141.).
Distributing the error codes into error classes:
Error
class
A
Description
no or another access
Cause (from network)
1 TR6
DSS1
Cause
ARGUS internal
__
201,204,205,
__
210,220
B
wrong or invalid number 53, 56
1,2,3,18,21,22, 152,161,162,
28,88
C
One or more
199
10,33,59
17,34,47
___
3
49,57,58,63
___
B-channels busy
D
wrong service
65,70,79
“ARGUS Error Messages” on page 145, “CAUSE-Messages – DSS1 Protocol” on
page 141 und “CAUSE-Messages – 1TR6 Protocol” on page 143.
70
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ARGUS
10.3 Service test
The ARGUS checks, which of the following services are supported by the access under
test:
Service
Name displayed on the ARGUS
Language
Language
Unrestricted Digital Information
UDI 64kBit
3.1 kHz Audio
3.1kHz audio
7 kHz Audio
7 kHz audio
Unrestricted Digital Information with tones
UDI-TA
/ display
Telephony
Telephony ISDN
Facsimile Group 2/3
Fax G3
Facsimile Group 4 Class 1
Fax G4
Teletex service basis and mixed mode
Mixed Mode
and facsimile service Group 4 Classes II
and III
Teletex Service basis mode
Teletex
International inter working for Videotex
Videotex
Telex
Telex
OSI application according to X.200
OSI
7 kHz Telephony
Telephony 7kHz
Video telephony, first connection
Video telephony 1
Video telephony, second connection
Video telephony 2
Three user-specific services (see, page
User-specified 1 to 3
124)
The test runs automatically.
For each service, the ARGUS will place a call to itself (to the access under test). However,
the call will not be answered so no charges will be incurred.
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71
ARGUS
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
Enter own number
Enter the number of the access under test
Service test starts
There are PBXs that use separate call numbers for
incoming and outgoing calls.
In this case, for the Service tests, you can enter a “remote” call number that does
not match the “own” number that is stored in the ARGUS.
If the Service test should extend outside of the local exchange, it is possible to perform the
Service test in an end-to-end mode.
In this case, you must enter the remote call number for a second terminal device. The
ARGUS will then automatically check whether the remote terminal can accept the call
under the various services – in other words, whether it is “compatible” with these services.
In the test results, the second part (second +, - or *) refers to the answer from the remote
exchange.
Test results:
The ARGUS will display the results of the test once it
is done.
Use the cursor keys to scroll through the results.
The ARGUS makes a distinction between outgoing
calls (the first +, - or *) and incoming calls (the second
+, - or *).
Service supported
+=
Service not supported
- =
A definite statement cannot be given, see the
*
adjacent error code for the reason.
to scroll through the results.
Close the results display.
The ARGUS will return to the
previous display.
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ARGUS 125
ARGUS
Interpreting the test results:
Display
Explanation
++
The self call functions OK or the remote end can take the call for
this service
+-
The call was sent successfully, however, it was rejected at the
remote end due to a lack of authorization.
(Error class D in a B-channel message e.g. in a SETUP_ACK or
CALL_SENT)
-
An outgoing call with this service is not possible
(Error class D without a B-channel message)
+*
The call was sent successfully, the call back or call to the remote
end failed (e.g., remote end busy or no B-channel available for the
call back).
*
Wrong number, no B-channel available or other error
(Error class B, C or E without a B-channel message)
If the outgoing call is not successful, it is not possible to make a statement about an
incoming call. Therefore, you will never see “- +” or “- *” on the display.
An example:
For outgoing, the Fax G3 service is OK. No statement
is possible about incoming.
The error code 63 gives the coded cause of the error
(see the table in the Appendix).
In this case, it is recommended that you have
someone place a call to the access under test using
this service.
The services Fax G4 and Mixed Mode are supported
for outgoing calls.
The Teletex service is supported in both directions.
If an error of error class A occurs (see “Supplementary Services Tests – Error messages”
on page 70.) the Service test will be aborted. An error of any other error class will coded in
decimal (in the example above 63), assigned to the respective service and then displayed.
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ARGUS
10.4 X.31 Test
The ARGUS will either perform a “Manual X.31 Test” or an “Automatic X.31 Test”:
In the case of an automatic test, the ARGUS will first set up the D-channel connection and
then begin setting up the X.31 connection. Afterwards, the ARGUS will automatically clear
the connection and display the results.
In the case of a manual test, the ARGUS will set up a D-channel connection and an X.31
connection. The duration of this connection is determined by the user (or the opposing
end). For the duration of the connection, the ARGUS will repeatedly send a predefined data
packet. The ARGUS will count all of the data packets sent and received and will display
(where possible) the contents of the data packets received.
10.4.1 X.31 Automatic, D-channel test
The “X.31 Automatic, D-channel” test consists of two steps:
First step:
The ARGUS tests whether it is possible to access the X.25 service via the D-channel on
the BRI access under test. The ARGUS sequentially checks all the TEIs from 0 to 63. All
the TEIs with which the X.31 service is possible on Layer 2 will be displayed.
Second step:
For each TEI with which X.31 is possible on Layer 2, a CALL_REQ packet will be sent and
then the ARGUS will wait for an answer. Beforehand, the ARGUS will request the entry of
the X.25 access number, which will be saved in speed-dialling memory under X.31 test
number (see “Saving Call Numbers” on page 133). With the entry of the X.25 access
number, you can - if you wish - select a logical channel (LCN) other than the default.
74
ARGUS 125
ARGUS
In the Single tests menu, select the X.31 test.
Use the cursor keys to select Automatic.
Use the cursor keys to select D-channel.
Start the test
The test can take up to 4 minutes (a rotating bar will be
displayed). The ARGUS will display the currently
tested TEI, the previously tested TEI and the results:
OK
= X.31 is available for this TEI
NOK = X.31 is not available for this TEI
After the test is completed, the ARGUS will show
whether the X.31 service is available for Layer 3 for
the TEIs found in Step 1.
Use the cursor keys to scroll through the results.
Test results:
TEI:02
Layer 2:
Layer 3:
The first valid TEI value is 02.
+ test step was successful
- 1. test step was unsuccessful
+ 2. test step was successful
- 2. test step was unsuccessful.
In this case, the ARGUS will display
the relevant X.31 cause for the failure
(in the example above, 13) and the
associated diagnostic code (in the
example, 67) if available (see page
145).
If the X.31 service is not supported, the ARGUS will
report “X.31 (D) n. impl.”.
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ARGUS
10.4.2 Manual X.31, D-channel test
In this test variant, the ARGUS first requests a TEI, LCN and an X.31 number (The ARGUS
uses the values set in the configuration menu as default values (see page 130)). If a “**”
is entered for the TEI, the ARGUS will automatically determine a TEI.
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
TEI is displayed
The ARGUS displays the stored TEI (see page 130).
You can edit the TEI from the keypad; If you enter **,
the ARGUS will determine a TEI automatically.
<DEL>
Delete the TEI
LCN is displayed
The ARGUS displays the stored LCN (see page 130).
It is possible to edit the LCN from the keypad.
Display or enter the
X.31 number
The saved X.31 number (speed-dialing memory) is
displayed. It can be edited from the keypad.
Set up a X.31 connection
The ARGUS will display the LCN, TEI and X.31
number and the negotiated connection parameters.
<DATA>
Sends a predefined data packet
<STAT.>
display L1 statistics
Use < L2 > or < L3 > to scroll to the L2 or
L3 statistics.
The connection will be maintained until the user or the
opposing end clears it. When the X.31 connection is
cleared, the ARGUS will automatically clear the Dchannel connection.
Save X.31 (D) test?
76
<YES>
The ARGUS saves the results (see page
101).
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ARGUS
10.5 CF Interrogation
The ARGUS will check whether a call diversion has been setup in the exchange for the
access under test (BRI or U-interface ).
The ARGUS will show the type of diversion (CFU, CFNR or CFB) and the call diversion’s
service. The display is limited to a maximum of 10 call diversions for all of the MSNs. The
ARGUS will count any additionally set up call diversions.
Any call diversion set up in the exchange can be cleared with the ARGUS.
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
Start the CF interrogation;
The test can take several seconds.
The ARGUS displays the type (e.g. CFU) and service
(e.g. A3K1H) of the call diversion, which in this
example is the third of a total of nine found (3/09). The
number 2351919658 is diverted to 14418.
Delete a call diversion
Security query
Security query
<YES>
Clear the displayed call diversion in the
exchange
If the call diversion cannot be cleared, the
ARGUS will report: “Call diversion not
changeable!”.
<ALL>
Delete all call diversions.
<CONTI.>
The ARGUS returns to the Single tests
menu.
Some PBXs or exchanges do not permit the use of the mechanism used (by the
ARGUS) for the interrogation of the call diversions for all MSNs or they return a
negative acknowledgement of the interrogation of call diversions, implying that no
call diversions have been set up.
In the event of a negative acknowledgement, the ARGUS will, therefore, request
that the own MSN be entered.
The call diversion interrogation will be repeated MSN-specific.
Naturally, in this case, the results of the interrogation of the call diversion only apply
for the entered MSN and not for the entire access.
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77
ARGUS
Abbreviations used for the services and service groups on the display:
78
Basic Service
Abbreviation
All services
All
Voice (speech)
Lang
Unrestricted digital information
UDI
Audio 3.1 kHz
A3k1H
Audio 7 kHz
A7khz
Telephony 3.1 kHz
Tel31
Teletext
TTX
Fax Group 4
FaxG4
Video syntax based
ViSyB
Video Telephony
ViTel
Telefax Groups 2/3
FaxG3
Telephony 7 kHz
Tel7
UDI 64 kBit
UDI
Unknown Basic Service
Unkno
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ARGUS
10.6 CF - Activation
Using the ARGUS, call diversions can be set up in the exchange (BRI or U-Interface).
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
Select service
Using the cursor keys, select the service of the call
diversion.
Select CFx type
Using the cursor keys, select the type of call diversion
(e.g. CFU).
Own number
Under "Own number", enter the number which should be
diverted.
<DEL>
Delete the digit before the cursor
Remote number 1
Enter the number to which calls should be diverted.
Set up the call diversion
Delete phone number
<CONTI.>
ARGUS 125
The ARGUS returns to the Single tests
menu.
79
ARGUS
10.7 CF - Delete
Using the ARGUS, call diversions can be deleted/cleared in the exchange (BRI or UInterface).
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
Select service
Using the cursor keys, select the service of the call
diversion.
Select CFx type
Using the cursor keys, select the type of call diversion
(e.g. CFU).
Own number
Under "Own number", enter the number which should no
longer be diverted.
<DEL>
Delete the digit before the cursor
Delete a call diversion
Call number deleted
<CONTI.>
80
The ARGUS returns to the Single tests
menu.
ARGUS 125
ARGUS
10.8 MSN Interrogation (only on a BRI with DSS1)
On a P-MP access using the DSS1 protocol, the ARGUS will determine the MSNs of the
access under test. It will display a maximum of ten call numbers. Depending on the Type of
Number (TON), the ARGUS will display the call numbers in different versions:
-
only the MSN (without area code)
-
MSN with national area code without the leading “0”
-
MSN with country code without the leading “00”
-
complete call number
In order to interrogate the MSNs, the access under test must support the
supplementary service “Call Forwarding (CF)”.
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
Start the MSN interrogation
In this example, the ARGUS displays the first MSN
(2351919658) of a total of three found (1/03).
Use the cursor keys to scroll through the results.
<NEW>
Repeat the MSN interrogation
Due to differences in the protocol, some exchanges do not support MSN
interrogation. In this case, the ARGUS will report: MSN interrogation not possible!
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ARGUS
10.9 Traffic generator (only on a PRI access)
The ARGUS will automatically setup as many as 30 connections and will display which Bchannels on the PRI access are available for incoming and outgoing calls.
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
Enter the phone
The speed-dialing memory opens.
Use the cursor keys to scroll to desired the number or
reenter the number on the keypad.
<DEL>
Delete the digit before the cursor
Select service
Use the cursor keys to select Service
Enter the B-channels
Enter the call
interval
Enter the number of channels on which the ARGUS
should setup connections.
Use the cursor keys to move to “Begin with”: Enter the
B-channel on which the first connection should be
setup. All further connections will be setup on the
sequentially following B-channels.
<DEL>
Delete the digit before the cursor
Enter the call interval (pause between outgoing calls)
Valid values are between 100ms and 15000ms. If the
call interval is too short, some exchanges will have
problems handling the calls.
Start the test
During the test the ARGUS will show the number of
connections setup (in this example 15) and, as marked
squares, the channels in use.
In the example, channels 1 to 15 are in use for
outgoing connections (top row of squares).
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ARGUS
Display of the status of the connections currently setup
on the individual B-channels
Use the cursor keys to scroll through the results.
The test must be terminated manually.
Stop test
After the test is over, the ARGUS will display the
causes for clearing the connections on the individual
B-channels (see Appendices B and C page 141 /
page 143).
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ARGUS
10.10 Time measurements
The ARGUS measures three different times:
- Connection set up time
- Propagation time of the data (B-channel delay)
- Transit time differential (interchannel delay) of the data in two B-channels.
Time measurements on a BRI or U-Interface access are only possible in TE mode.
10.10.1 Connection set up time
The ARGUS places an outgoing call and measures the time between sending the SETUP
and receiving the ALERT or CONN. The ARGUS disconnects automatically as soon as the
measurement is completed.
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
Dial the number
Enter - or select from the speed-dialing memory - the
call number for the outgoing call.
Select service
B-channel select
Enter the B-channel on the keypad.
Perform measurement
The ARGUS will display the connection setup time in
seconds and the received L3 messages (end of
connection setup). If the ARGUS cannot perform the
measurement (e.g. because the call number entered
was wrong or no B-channel was free) the
corresponding cause will be displayed.
84
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10.10.2 Time measurement: B-channel delay
The ARGUS places a call to itself (self call) or to a remote loopbox and measures the
propagation delay for the data in the selected B-channel. The measurement (continuous
measurement) must be terminated manually.
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
Dial the number
Enter - or select from the speed-dialing memory - the
call number for the outgoing call.
Select service
B-channel select
Enter the B-channel on the keypad.
Perform measurement
The ARGUS displays the average (avg), the shortest
(min) and the longest (max) B-channel delay as well as
the average B-channel delay in bits (in multiples of the
time required to send a bit at 64 kBit/s).
(The time for sending 1 bit at 64 kBit/s = approx. 15.26
µs.)
The measurement will be repeated in cycles.
(continuous measurement)
:
to terminate the measurement and
display the results of the last
measurement
If the measurement cannot be performed (e.g. because the call number entered was wrong
or no B-channel was free) the ARGUS will display the corresponding cause.
When it is connected to a loopbox, if the ARGUS does not receive the data back within 13
seconds, it will display the message “No LOOP”.
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85
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10.10.3 Time measurement: Interchannel delay
The ARGUS establishes two separate connections to a remote loopbox. The loopbox
sends the respective B-channel data back on the same channel. The ARGUS measures
the propagation delay for the data on each of the B-channels and determines the difference
between the two propagation delays (interchannel delay). The measurement (continuous
measurement) must be terminated manually.
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
Dial the number
Enter - or select from the speed-dialing memory - the
call number of the loopbox
Select service
Perform measurement
The ARGUS displays the average (avg), the shortest
(min) and the longest (max) interchannel delay in
msec. as well as the average interchannel delay in bits
(multiples of the time required to send a bit at 64 kBit/s)
- it takes 15.26 µsec to send a bit at 64 kBit/s).
The measurement will be repeated in cycles.
(continuous measurement)
:
to terminate the measurement and
display the results of the last
measurement
If the measurement cannot be performed (e.g. because the call number entered was wrong
or no B-channel was free) the ARGUS will display the corresponding cause. When it is
connected to a loopbox, if the ARGUS does not receive the data back within 13 seconds, it
will display the message “No LOOP”.
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11 ISDN connection
The ARGUS can setup a connection for the following services:
Service
Name in the
ARGUS display / abbreviation
Language
Language / Lang
Unrestricted digital information
UDI 64kBit / UDI 64
3.1 kHz Audio
3.1 kHz audio / 3.1k
7 kHz Audio
7 kHz audio / 7 kHz
Unrestricted Digital Information with tones / display
UDI-TA / UDI TA
Telephony
Telephony ISDN / Tel.
Facsimile Group 2/3
Fax G3 / FaxG3
Facsimile Group 4 Class 1
Fax G4 / FaxG4
Teletex service basis and mixed mode and facsimile
Mixed Mode / Mixed
service Group 4 Classes II and III
Teletex Service basis mode
Telex / Ttx64
International inter working for Videotex
Videotex / VTX
Telex
Telex / Telex
OSI application according to X.200
OSI / OSI
7 kHz Telephony
Telephony 7kHz / Tel7k
Video telephony, first connection
Video telephony 1 /
Vid.1
Video telephony, second connection
Video telephony 2 /
Vid.2
Additional three user-specific services (see “Services” on page 124.)
The integrated handset can be used as a phone during a telephone connection.
When an ISDN connection is setup, pressing the number keys (0-9) or the * or # will
generate and send the corresponding DTMF tones.
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87
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11.1 Overlap sending (outgoing call)
In overlap sending, the digits entered for the call number are sent individually.
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
The ARGUS will open the Outgo.call Tel.
display
Select service
Using the cursor keys select the service that
should be used for the connection.
Enter the B-channel
Enter the B-channel via the keypad (as the default
setting, the ARGUS will suggest the last B-channel
used). When entering a new B-channel, first press
the DEL softkey. If you enter an *, the ARGUS will
choose any B-channel that is free.
The ARGUS will show whether the B-channel is
available.
Setup the connection
Enter the number on the keypad.
The ARGUS displays the service (e.g. Tel.), the
own number (90700), the B-channel (B02) and the
number called (01191), the call reference (CR
value) as well as its length and flag.
<TM>
Starts the Test Manager (page 96)
or
Disconnect
The connection is set up using B-channel 2.
View additional information (if available)
- Subaddress of the caller
- Destination number
- User-to-User Information
- Display Information
- Type of number (TON)
<LOUD> switch to LOUD
<TM>
88
Starts the Test Manager (page 96)
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ARGUS
or
Disconnect
The ARGUS displays the cause of the
disconnect.
(see page 93 Clearing Down an ISDN
Connection)
- Advice of charges:
If the charges are not given in units, rather directly as currency, the ARGUS will display the
current charges in currency. If, in DSS1, the call charges are not provided in accordance
with the ETS 300 182 standard, rather in the form of the information element DISPLAY
(DSP), the ARGUS will display the DISPLAY message's character string.
Note regarding the entry of the call number
Separate the extension from the access number with a # (e.g. 02351 / 9070-20 is
entered on the ARGUS as: 023519070 #20). For an outgoing call, the ARGUS
uses the entire call number (without #) as the number called (CDPN or DAD) and,
for the calling number, only the extension (DSS1-CGPN or 1TR6-OAD).
A “#” at the beginning of a call number is treated as a valid character. A ‘#’ at the
end of the own call number instructs the ARGUS to not send the caller’s number for
outgoing calls (CGPN or OAD).
Simplified overlap sending using the telephone key
The ARGUS will open the Connection/Overlap window directly regardless of
the currently open menu.
If you press the
key again, you will hear the dial tone. Once you enter a call
number, the connection will be setup.
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11.2 En-bloc sending (outgoing call)
In en-bloc sending, the ARGUS sends the entire dialing information in one block. The
number is dialed from the call number memory (page 133).
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
Enter the phone number
Use the cursor keys to select the number from the
speed-dialling memory or reenter the number on
the keypad.
<DEL> Delete the digit before the cursor
The ARGUS will open the Outgo.call Tel.
display
Select service
Enter the B-channel
Enter the B-channel on the keypad (for details on
entry, see “Overlap sending”).
Start the dialing procedure
(for more displays and information see Overlap
sending)
<LOUD>
switch to LOUD
<TM>
Starts the Test Manager (page 96)
or
Disconnect
The ARGUS displays the cause of the disconnect
(see page 93), the call reference as well as its
length and the associated flag.
90
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11.3 Redial (outgoing call)
The ARGUS will set up a call using the last number dialed.
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
Select service
Enter the B-channel
Enter the B-channel via the keypad (as the default
setting, the ARGUS will suggest the last B-channel
used). When entering a new B-channel, first press the
DEL softkey. If you enter an *, the ARGUS will choose
any B-channel that is free.
The ARGUS will show whether the B-channel is
available.
The dialing procedure will begin using the number
which was dialed last.
For more displays and information, see Overlap
sending.
<LOUD>
switch to LOUD
<TM>
Starts the Test Manager (page 96)
or
ARGUS 125
Disconnect
91
ARGUS
11.4 Incoming Call
An incoming call can be taken at any time even when a test (e.g. BERT) is in process (see
page 97).
The ARGUS will signal an incoming call with an audible tone and a message on the display.
On a P-MP access, you can use the Call acceptance (see “Call Acceptance” on page
124.) function to configure the ARGUS to only signal incoming calls which are addressed
to the MSN that corresponds to your own call number. This function can only be used when
your own call number has been entered into the ARGUS’s speed-dialing memory (see
page 133) and the incoming call has a destination MSN.
The ARGUS displays the service (Tel.), the number of
the caller (02351907070), the B-channel used (B01)
and the number called (90700).
The ARGUS will display the complete destination
number (DDI), if the Alerting mode is set to manual
(see page 121).
Use the cursor keys. View additional information (if
available).
Reject call
To take the call.
Press the the cursor keys to view more information.
<TM>
or
Start the Test Manager (see page 96)
Clear the connection
The ARGUS displays the cause of the disconnect (see
page 93).
Charge information in NT mode:
In NT mode, the ARGUS will – for incoming calls – send advice of charges in accordance
with DSS1 as units and as currency (in Euro).
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11.5 Clearing Down an ISDN Connection
or
<TM>
Clear the connection
Open the Test Manager
The ARGUS will display the cause (see the table
below) of the disconnect (e.g. Normal clearing) and
the location where the cause occurred (e.g.
subscriber).
Use the cursor keys to view additional information
(e.g. charges, if available).
The following causes are shown in clear text:
Cause
Display
Explanation
255
Active clearing
Clearing User actively initiated the disconnection
Length Normal clearing
0
Cause element with Length 0 is mostly used by 1TR6
01
unalloc. number
Signals “No access under this call number”
16
Norm. clearing
Normal disconnect
17
User busy
The number called is busy
18
No user respond
No answer from the number called
19
Call.time XX
Call time too long
21
Call reject
The call is actively rejected
28
Wrong number
Wrong call number format or call number is incomplete
31
Norm. clearing
Unspecified “normal class” (Dummy)
34
No B-chan.avail.
No circuit / B-channel available
44
Req.chan.unavail
Requested B-channel not available
50
Req.fac.not subs
Requested supplementary service (facility) not
57
BC not authoriz.
Requested bearer capability is not enabled
63
Srv./opt.n.avail
Unspecified for “Service not available” or “Option not
69
Req.fac.not impl.
Requested facility is not supported
88
Incompat.
Objectives
Incompatible destination
102
Timer expired
Error handling routine started due to time-out
111
Protocol error
Unspecified for “protocol error class”
127
Interworking err
Unspecified for “interworking class”
subscribed
available”
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93
ARGUS
Other causes are not shown in clear text, rather as decimal codes (see Appendix B and C
and page 141 and page 143).
94
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11.6 Testing Features with the Keypad
This feature is only relevant on a BRI access.
Some network operators do not support the standard DSS1 features, rather they expect the
user to control the network via so-called keypad command sequences.
In these cases, the desired facility is usually activated by entering a series of characters
and then sending these characters within a DSS1-specific protocol element. These socalled Keypad-Elements are imbedded in a SETUP message. Each step is acknowledged
either acoustically (handset) or via special protocol elements (cause). These causes are
displayed by the ARGUS.
In the Single tests menu, select “Connection”.
Select “Keypad dial”
Select a Keypad Info entry
<EDIT > Select a Keypad Info entry to be edited.
Afterwards, use the keypad to enter the
Keypad Info (see page 125).
Select service
Using the cursor keys select the service that should be
used for the connection.
Enter the B-channel
Enter the B-channel to be used for the connection via
the keypad (by default, the last B-channel used will be
suggested). When entering a new B-channel, first press
<DEL>. If you enter an *, the ARGUS will choose any Bchannel that is free. The ARGUS will show whether the
B-channel is available.
out.call
ARGUS 125
Start the dialing procedure
(for more displays and information see Overlap sending
page 88)
95
ARGUS
12 Test Manager
The ARGUS can simultaneously start several tests or “connections” fully independently of
each other on the ISDN access under test. As an example, a BERT can be run at the same
time that you make a phone call. The individual tests or “connections” use resources.
All of the tests that have been started will be administered by the Test Manager. Using the
Test Manager you can start new tests, switch between tests running in parallel or terminate
all of the tests that are currently running.
The ARGUS in its Main menu
Open the Test Manager
<TM>
or
96
Opens the Test Manager directly, if the
ARGUS is in the Single tests menu or
has a connection for a call or is running a
test.
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12.1 Starting Several Tests to Run Simultaneously
Starting a new test or connection during an existing connection
An example:
There is a connection on B-channel 2.
During this connection, the Test Manager is opened
(or started by pressing the
-key. The ARGUS will
display the number of existing connections (-/01).
Select “Start new one”
Mark “Single tests”
Select the desired test (e.g. bit error test).
Start test (still connected)
For information on running a BERT, seepage 59
The ARGUS opens to the Test Manager.
Mark “Outgo.connect.”
An example of
Tests
The connection
was the first
started
1/03 B02
There are currently two The connection
active connections or uses B-channel 2
tests
The ARGUS will open
the Connection display.
If a test (or connection) is cancelled/cleared, the ARGUS will return to the Test Manager if
there is another test (or connection) running in the background.
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97
ARGUS
Some tests use so many resources that they cannot be run in every combination
with other tests. In this case, the ARGUS will display the message “Test not
possible at this time”.
Test/
Connection
Number of times that this test/connection It is possible
can be started at the same time
to change to
another test
Incoming call
2 (30 on a PRI)
Yes
Outgoing call
2 (30 on a PRI)
Yes
BERT
2
Yes
LOOP
2
Yes
Service tests
1
No
Suppl.serv.test
1
No
Time measurement
1
No
X.31 Test
1
No
CF Interrogation
1
No
Auto. Test
BRI level
98
1
When the Auto. Test is running all of the
resources are in use and no other tests or
connections are possible
1
No
No
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Accepting an incoming call/connection when a test is running.
The ARGUS signals an incoming call both audibly and on the display (see page 87 ISDN
connection). The incoming call can be accepted without influencing the currently running
test. If either the B-channel loop or BERT wait function is active, the call will be accepted
automatically.
The manner that multiple connections are handled is illustrated in the following example of
"Accepting an incoming call during a BERT", but it is identical for all other tests.
While running a BERT, the ARGUS
information about an incoming call.
<REJECT>
displays
Reject the incoming call.
The ARGUS returns to the BERT.
To take the call.
The BERT will continue in the background.
or
Select “BERT outgoing”.
The ARGUS jumps to the BERT.
The connection is still active in the background, the
handset is still switched to the connection.
If available, the internal handset will be assigned to the currently started (voice)
connection. The assignment of the handset to a given connection is also retained
in the background.
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ARGUS
12.2 Switching Between Tests
Example:
Start the Test Manager
Using the cursor keys, select the Test (Connection) that
you wish to switch to.
The ARGUS will return to the point from which
the Test Manager was called (e.g. to a test
running in parallel). If no other test is running,
the ARGUS will return to the Main menu.
The ARGUS will return to
the
12.3 Cancel All
Open the Test Manager.
Mark “End all”.
The ARGUS will cancel all of the currently running tests
and/or current connections and then return to the Main
menu.
100
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13 Test Results
The ARGUS displays the saved test results. Using the Intec software, WINplus or
WINanalyse, the test results can also be saved on a PC. WINplus or WINanalyse can then
be used to generate a comprehensive measurement report from these results.
The ARGUS saves the test results together with the date and time (from the internal clock
of the ARGUS). Additionally, settings such as your own plus a remote call number will also
be saved. The results are not lost when the ARGUS is switched off.
The ARGUS saves the test results in sequentially numbered (1, 2, 3...) records.
Each item in the Test reports menu refers to a record. Therefore, the first step will open a
dialog in which you must select the desired data record.
The ARGUS in its Main menu
Use the cursor keys to select the record (saved test
results). The ARGUS will display for each record
number the associated name or the corresponding
date and time. Empty records are labled as "free“.
ARGUS 125
<DATE>
Display the date and time
<NAME>
Display the record names
101
ARGUS
Entering a record name:
The ARGUS will save the test results in the first free
record. This record can be assigned a name (default:
AMP_1, AMP_2, AMP_3 .... or the call number of the
access under test if the number has been entered into
the speed-dialling memory, see page 133).
If all of the records have been written, you must
manually select a memory location (record).
The record name is entered using the numeric keypad.
When the right softkey is pressed it assumes a
different meaning and thus influences the entries
made from the keypad (letters or digits):
< 12>ab >
entry of the digits 0 to 9 plus * and #
< ab>AB >
entry of the lowercase characters and
@, /,- and . (e.g. to enter a "c“ press
the "2" on the keypad three times)
< AB>12 >
entry of the uppercase characters
@, /,-, .
to move the cursor right or left.
<DEL>
102
Delete the character before the cursor
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ARGUS
13.1 Start the automatic test
In this case, the ARGUS executes a test sequence automatically. The required parameters
(e.g. measurement time and error level for the BERT see page 126) should be checked
before the automatic test series is begun.
Using the intec software, WINplus or WINanalyse, the test results can also be saved on a
PC, where they can be presented in a comprehensive measurement report and printed.
The ARGUS automatically performs the following sequence of single tests:
On a BRI or U-interface access
(ARGUS in TE Mode)
On a PRI access
(ARGUS in TE Mode)
-
Status
-
Status
-
Level measuring
-
Service tests
-
Service tests
-
BERT in an extended call to oneself
-
BERT in an extended call to oneself
-
Supplementary Services Test
-
Supplementary Services Test
-
(Suppl.serv.test)
CF Interrogation (Call Diversions)
(Suppl.serv.test)
-
CF Interrogation (Call Diversions)
-
X.31 test
-
MSN Interrogation
-
Read the L1 counter and
measurement time
-
X.31 test
On a BRI or U-interface leased line
On a PRI leased line (permanent circuit)
-
Status
-
Status
-
Level measuring
-
BERT in end-to-end mode (e.g. with a
-
Service tests
-
Read the L1 counter and
loopbox on the remote end)
measurement time
-
BERT in end-to-end mode (e.g. with a
loopbox on the remote end)
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103
ARGUS
Automatic Start the test series from the Test reports
menu.
If the automatic test series is started by pressing
function key 4, you must first enter a name for it to be
saved under.
Select a memory location (record)
Select “Start”
Accept the suggested record name or enter a new
name (see page 102).
Enter own number
Select service
Enter Own number; on accesses using the DSS1
protocol, also enter the remote number.
Use the cursor keys to select the service.
(required for the suppl.serv.test)
Start the automatic test
During the test sequence, the ARGUS will display the
current single test.
Interrupting a test
104
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Terminating the test (early):
Interrupt the automatic test
The ARGUS will terminate the test sequence, any test
results already gathered will be lost.
Any “old” data stored under this data record number
from a prior test will be retained.
The ARGUS will return to the
next higher menu.
Skipping individual tests:
A single test can be skipped: In this example, the
ARGUS is running a Service check.
Stop the current single test
The ARGUS will jump to the next single test (e.g. to
the BERT).
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105
ARGUS
Resuming a test:
The ARGUS can resume an interrupted single test: In
this example, the ARGUS is running a Service test.
Stop the current single test
The ARGUS repeats the “disturbed” single test.
(in the example, Service test)
106
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13.2 Display Results
Depending on the type of access under test, the ARGUS displays the results stored for the
single tests in the following order:
On a BRI or U-interface access
On a PRI access
-
Status
-
Status
-
Level measuring
-
Service tests
-
Service tests
-
BERT
-
BERT
-
L1 counter and measurement time
-
Supplementary Services Test
-
Supplementary Services Test
-
X.31 test
-
X.31 test
-
CF Interrogation
-
CF Interrogation
-
MSN Interrogation
On a BRI or U-interface leased line
On a PRI leased line (permanent circuit)
-
Status
-
Status
-
Level measuring
-
BERT
-
Service tests
-
L1 counter and measurement time
-
BERT
The ARGUS - Main menu
Select record
Display the test results
The ARGUS will first display the status of the ISDN
access under test.
<CONTI.>
The ARGUS will display, one after
the other, the results of the next
single test.
Use the cursor keys to scroll through the results of
the single tests.
Close the results display.
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ARGUS
13.3 Sending the Results of a Test to a PC
The test result records can be sent to a PC, where they can be visualized and archived.
Use the included USB cable to connect the ARGUS (ARGUS “USB” jack) to a USB jack on
your PC and then start the ARGUS WINplus software.
The ARGUS - Main menu
Select record
Use the cursor keys to select the record.
Start Data Transmission
to PC
13.4 Deleting the results of a test
The ARGUS - Main menu
Select record
Use the cursor keys to select the record.
Delete the selected record.
For information on how to delete all records, see on
page 134 “Reset”.
A deleted record will be
shown as “free”.
108
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13.5 Sending the results of all of the tests to a PC
The ARGUS will send the results of all of the tests to the connected PC. Use the included
USB cable to connect the ARGUS (ARGUS “USB” jack) to the PC.
The ARGUS - Main menu
Select record
Start
transfer
Use the cursor keys to select the record.
of
data to PC
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ARGUS
14 Level measuring
14.1 Level measuring on a BRI access
Level measurement – connected line
The ARGUS measures the level of the received useful signal. In TE mode, it also measures
the phantom feed. The measurement will be updated continuously.
The ARGUS in its Main menu
Start measurement
The ARGUS will display the level of the useful signal
(Level) and the level of the feed (Voltage).
Measurement results:
- Evaluation of the useful signal level:
<<
Level is too low
>>
Level is too high
OK
Level is in order (0.75V
from 0.9V to 0.5V)
none
no level
+20%
-33%,
i.e.
- Evaluation of the level of the feed (Voltage)
OK normal Normal feed (40V +4.25% -13.75%, i.e.
from 41.7V to 34.5V)
110
OK Rev_
Inverted phantom feed
NONE
No feed (Voltage)
< R>ON >
100resistor switched in
<R>OFF >
100resistor switched out
<NEW>
to set up Layer 1 again - to ensure a
reasonable measurement.
ARGUS 125
ARGUS
Level measurement - other TE
In TE mode, the ARGUS will measure the level of a terminal connected in parallel. In this
case, the ARGUS is passive. Layer 1 must be activated on the terminal. The ARGUS
updates its measurement continuously.
The ARGUS in its Main menu
Start measurement
The ARGUS displays the level of the useful signal and
an evaluation of this level:
<<
Level is too low
ARGUS 125
>>
Level is too high
OK
Level is in order (0.75V
from 0.9V to 0.5V)
none
no level
< R>ON >
100resistor switched in
<R>OFF >
100resistor switched out
<NEW>
to set up Layer 1 again - to ensure a
reasonable measurement.
+20%
-33%,
i.e.
111
ARGUS
14.2 Voltage Measurement on a U-Interface Access
Measurement of the feed voltage on a U-interface
ARGUS in its Level measuring menu
Start measurement
Voltage U
U: 95.0V
The ARGUS will display the level of the feed voltage.
The measurement will be updated continuously.
Measurement of the U-interface under load
The ARGUS measures the voltage on the U-interface under various selectable loads and
displays the calculated current and power. From these values, it is possible to estimate the
length of the line.
ARGUS in its Level measuring menu
Start measurement
The ARGUS displays the switched-in load in kthe
measured voltage in Volts, the calculated power in
mW and the calculated current in mA.
<++>
To increase the load by one
increment (i.e. the resistance is
lowered)
<-->
To decrease the load by one
increment (i.e. the resistance is
raised)
Step
Load / k
Maximum voltage / V
1
64
Approx. 126.0 1)
2
28
Approx. 126.0 1)
3
19
Approx. 114.0 1)
4
14
Approx. 114.0 1)
5
11
Approx. 114.0 1)
112
ARGUS 125
ARGUS
6
9
Approx. 109.4 2)
7
8
Approx. 101.8 2)
8
7
Approx. 94.6 2)
9
6
Approx. 75.0 1)
10
5,5
Approx. 75.0 1)
11
5
Approx. 75.0 1)
12
4,5
Approx. 75.0 1)
13
4,2
Approx. 73.9 2)
14
3,9
Approx. 71.2 2)
15
2,7
Approx. 59.5 2)
1)
The voltage is limited by the power capacity of the individual circuit elements
2)
The voltage is limited by the maximum power (1300mW)
When switching the load levels, the power limitations of the components within the ARGUS
and the maximum permissible power (1300mW) of the U-interface must be taken into
consideration. Therefore, the ARGUS will only permit the load to be switched another
increment when the specified voltage will not be exceeded.
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14.3 Level measuring on a POTS access
The ARGUS measures the voltage level in both the normal case and when the line is
“busy” (trunk line).
The ARGUS in its Main menu
Start measurement
The ARGUS will display the polarity of the 2-wire
POTS line (red plug "a"; black plug "b") as well as the
"on hook" and "off hook" voltage levels.
<NEW>
114
To repeat the measurement
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15 L1 status
15.1 The L1 Status of a BRI Access
The ARGUS displays in TE mode the current status of Layer 1: which signal is received
from the remote end (Rx) and which signal does the ARGUS send (Tx).
The ARGUS in its Main menu
The ARGUS displays the status of Layer 1 or of the
signal, which is currently being sent (Info 0 .... Info 4).
<NEW>
ARGUS 125
To setup Layer 1 again (if necessary).
115
ARGUS
15.2 The L1 Status of a PRI Access
The ARGUS displays the Layer 1 alarms and messages, which provide detailed
information regarding the state of the PRI access and the transmission line (For further
information, see the CCITT/ITU guidelines G.703 and G.704).
The ARGUS in its Main menu
The ARGUS displays the time that has elapsed since
the ARGUS was initially started or it was last reset in
minutes and seconds (05:18).
The measurement time and all Layer 1 alarms and
messages are updated continuously.
Use the cursor keys to scroll.
< X >
The PRI relay for the Rx/Tx pin
assignment will be toggled to its other
position, regardless of the state that it
was in before.
This function is only available with the L1
status menu, if there is currently no
signal. The state of the relay will remain
unchanged when you close the L1 status
menu.
Wires =
means that Rx/Tx are normal
Wires X
means that Rx/Tx are
inverted
OK symbol:
+
Error symbol:
-
History symbol:
!
<RESET>
Reset the History function and all
counters.
<SAVE>
Save the results (see page 102)
This indicates that, regardless of the current state of the
access (+ or -), an error occurred during the test period.
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The meaning of the individual displays:
Signal
The ARGUS has received the correct signal sent from the remote end
(access or terminal depending on the operation mode TE or NT
simulation) and indicates this by a + . If Rx and Tx are connected
normally a "=" will be shown after the signal; in the event that they are
inverted (swapped) an " X" will be displayed.".
FAS
(Frame Alignment Signal)
Indicates whether the ARGUS could correctly synchronize with the
incoming 2 Mbit data stream’s alternating frame identification word or
message word and the, perhaps present, CRC4-superframe structure.
CRC4 det
If CRC4-monitoring is active for the access or the terminal and the
ARGUS is able to synchronize itself to the CRC4 superframe, it will
indicate this by displaying ”CRC det +”. If ”CRC det –” is displayed
together with ”Signal +” and ”FAS +”, this indicates that no CRC4 is
active. To prevent power up effects (transients), we recommend that
you set the display and counter to a defined initial state with a RESET.
Code HDB3
Display the transmission code used (currently set to HDB3)
noA-Bit
The remote end uses the A-Bit to signal whether the circuit is available
on their receive side.
noA-Bit + means A=0: Idle state
noA-Bit - means A=1: Return direction is not available
noAIS
(Alarm Indication Signal)
AIS will be set if a component on the transmission line determines that
the signal they have received is faulty (e.g., in the event, that they lose
frame synchronization) and has sent a Time –1 (=AIS) to indicate this.
noAIS = + : No AIS occurred.
Sa5-Bit (Rx ,Tx)
The Sa5-Bit (Rx) sent by the ARGUS can be configured in the
Configuration menu (see “Sa5 bits settings” on page 122. )
Sa6-Bit (Rx ,Tx)
The Sa6-Bit (Rx) sent by the ARGUS can be configured in the
Configuration menu (see “Sa6 word settings” on page 122. )
E-Bit
With the two E-Bits, E1 and E2, the remote end will report any CRC4errors that it finds on its receive side in the first or
second.submultiframe (the E-Bit will be set to 0).
E-Bit11+ : if both E-Bits are set to 1, no error occurred
E-Bit11+! : A CRC4-error was found (indicated by the “!”), however the
circuit is in largest part OK (see the E-Bit counter Ecnt or the CRC4
error counter CRCErr)
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Ecnt
The E-Bit counter counts the reported E-Bit errors individually; in other
word, all the cases in which a faulty CRC4 submultiframe was received
(counts at a maximum of 1kHz).
CRC Err
The CRC4 error counter totals the number of CRC4 submultiframes in
which errors were detected.
CRC rel
gives the CRC4 error rate, in other words, the number of faulty CRC4
frames relative to the total number of CRC4 frames received.
Code Err
Counter for the detected HDB3 transmission code errors
Code rel
Transmission code - error rate
Frm. Err
Counter for faulty 2Mbit frames.
When running MegaBERT unframed in permanent circuit mode, if the menu L1 status is
opened (via the
-Key or the Test Manager), the display will only show the parameters
Signal and noAIS.
118
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ARGUS
16 Settings
The ARGUS can be configured to suit your special requirements. The default (factory)
settings can be restored by selecting “Reset” (see page 134 Reset).
16.1 PC/Trace
The ARGUS remains active and either saves the data from the D-channel (all of the Dchannel messages sent to and received from the network) in its internal Flash memory or
passes the data directly to the connected PC. The Remote function is optional.
The ARGUS in its Main menu
Auto PC sync.
The D-channel data will be
sent to the PC.
Even after it is switched on
again, the ARGUS remains
in Trace mode and passes
D-channel data to the PC
(“PC/Trace” LED flashes).
Manual PC sync.
The D-channel data will be
sent to the PC (“PC/Trace”
will flash).
When the ARGUS is
switched off and then back
on again, Trace mode will
be off.
Recording
The D-channel data is
stored in the internal Flash
memory (the “PC/Trace”
LED flashes slowly)
Select Trace mode
Confirm the entry
If the ARGUS cannot send the data to the PC without
errors, the “PC/Trace” LED will flash at 5Hz (5 times per
sec).
The currently active settings will be marked in the display
with a
.
The D-channel data saved in the Flash memory can be transferred to the PC in
the “Recorder” mode (see “BRI / PRI Recorder” on page 46.).
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ARGUS
16.2 Settings: ISDN
The operation is the same for all configurations and will be illustrated with a single example:
The ARGUS - Main menu
Use the cursor keys to select, e.g. Protocol.
Use the cursor keys to select the setting for the protocol
(e.g. Automatic).
The ARGUS will return to the “ISDN config.”
menu without making any changes.
The ARGUS saves the
settings and returns
to the next higher menu.
Settings in ISDN:
Name Displayed
on the ARGUS
Comment
L1 permanent?
On a BRI connection in NT mode, Layer 1 (L1) is permanently
active.
Protocol
As an alternative to automatic protocol determination (setting:
Automatic), you can also set the Layer-3 D-channel protocol
manually. The ARGUS will save the protocol setting permanently,
i.e. it will use this protocol the next time that it is switched on.
120
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Alerting mode
You can specify whether, for an incoming call on a BRI point- topoint access, the ARGUS should only display the access number
without extension or the complete number with extension.
If it is set to “Manual”, the ARGUS will display the extension (An
incoming call will be signaled. The ARGUS will send the Layer 3
message “Alert” when it accepts the call. The digits of the
extension that have been sent by this point will be displayed.).
With the Manual setting, an incoming call must be
answered within 20 seconds or it will be lost. Furthermore,
you should note that the remote subscriber will not hear a
ringing tone.
If it is set to “Automatically”, the ARGUS will only display
the access number without extension or, depending on the
configuration of the access in the exchange, it may not
display the number called at all.
Clock mode
This parameter sets where the clock will be generated in the case
of a BRI or PRI access. You can either specify that the ARGUS
generates the clock (is Master) or that it is the slave of a clock
generated at the other end (Slave).
Default setting:
NT mode
Master
TE mode
Slave
Permanent switch
circuit
Slave
(leased
line)
This setting will not be saved permanently, rather only applies for
the current measurement.
BRI
termination
Independent of the operation mode (TE or NT), a terminating
resistor can be switched-in on the BRI access.
Default setting:
NT mode
Terminating resistor switched-in
TE mode
No terminating resistor is switched in
Leased line
No terminating resistor is switched in
This setting will not be saved permanently, rather only applies for
the current measurement.
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121
ARGUS
PRI
termination
Depending on the transmission technique (75 Ohm coaxial-cable
or twisted-pair cable with an impedance of 120 Ohms) used, the
PRI termination resistor must be selected accordingly.
The default setting is country-specific and corresponds to the
system most common in the respective country:
Germany, Austria, England, the Netherlands, France, ... :
120 Ohm
Spain, Italy, Greece, ... 75 Ohm
PRI Monitor
Select: Monitoring the D-channel or monitoring Layer 1
In the case of the V5 option (selection from three time slots), this
setting is not available.
PRI haul mode
The ARGUS supports the setting of the haul mode (sensitivity) of
the PRI access.
By default, “short haul” will be suggested.
short haul:
Normal sensitivity, i.e. signal reception with
cable attenuation of up to ca. -10dB.
long haul:
Increased sensitivity, i.e. signal reception
with cable attenuation of up to ca. -35dB.
This corresponds to a distance of 1600m
with 22AWG twisted pair cable.
When using greater sensitivity (“long haul” mode) on longer lines,
feedback on the line can cause faulty synchronization.
Sa5 bits
settings
The ARGUS can set the Sa5 bits on a PRI access. By default, the
Sa5 bits are set to 0000.
The Sa5 bits have no significance between an NTPM and
a PBX system.
This setting will not be saved permanently, rather only applies for
the current measurement.
Sa5 coding
0000
1111
Sa6 word
settings
Meaning
Network -> Terminal
Direction code
------------------------
Meaning
Terminal -> Network
Ack. for loop command
Direction code
The ARGUS can set the Sa6 bits on a PRI access.
By default, they are set to 0000.
This setting will not be saved permanently
122
ARGUS 125
ARGUS
Sa6 coding
Meaning
Meaning
0000
Network -> Terminal
Setting for normal
operation (default)
Terminal -> Network
Setting for normal
operation, idle (default)
Switches a loop in the
NTPM.
In leased line mode, a
BERT can then be
performed using the loop
setup there.
Important: The ARGUS
must be set to “Leased
line” even if it is a dialup
access!
-----------------------
1010
1111
A bit
Switches a loop in the
LEPM.
In leased line mode, a
BERT can then be
performed using the loop
setup there. Important: The
ARGUS must be set to
“Leased line” even if it is a
dialup access!
AIS on U2an of the NTPM
Using the ARGUS, you can set the A bit on a PRI access.
By default, it is preset to A=0 (automatic).
This setting will not be saved permanently
CRC4 mode
CRC4 monitoring can be switched on or off manually.
By default, it is preset to CRC4.
This setting will not be saved permanently
ARGUS 125
123
ARGUS
Call parameter
Two different parameters can be set for (ISDN) calls generated on
both the network-side (ARGUS in NT mode) and on the user-side
(ARGUS in TE mode):
1. Type of number (TON) for the CGN (=CGPN) or CDN (=CDPN)
element of a SETUP signal:
Network-side:
Net CGN TON /
Net CDN TON
User-side:
User CGN TON /
User CDN TON
2. Numbering Plan (NP) for the CGN (=CGPN) or CDN (=CDPN)
element of a SETUP signal
Network-side:
Net-CGN-NP/
Net-CDN-NP
User-side:
User CGN NP /
User-CDN-NP
Possible settings:
For TON: unknown, international, national, network spec.,
subscriber, abbreviated.
For NP: unknown, ISDN/telephony, data, telex, national stand.,
private
Services
Up to three user-specific services (user spec.1 to user spec.3) can
entered and saved.
For each "user spec. service“, you must enter the info-elements
BCAP, HLC and LLC in hexadecimal (switch with the left softkey).
To do so, use the keypad and the < A . . F < softkey (e.g. to enter a
"C", press the softkey three times; for a "F", press it six times).
Call
Acceptance
If the ARGUS is set to “own MSN/DDI“ and is in TE mode on a PMP access, it will only signal those calls which are placed to the
MSN (on a P-P access, the DDI) of the access under test.
If set to "all MSN/DDI“, the ARGUS signals all calls.
Prerequisite:
- the “own” number must be entered in the call number memory
under “own number” (see “Saving Call Numbers” on page 133.)
- the incoming call must have a destination MSN
The default setting is “all MSN/DDI”.
This setting will be saved permanently.
124
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Voice coding
There are two options for coding voice data in a B-channel:
- A-law (default)
- µ-law
This setting will be reset to its default value when the ARGUS is
switched off.
DTMF / Keypad
DTMF or keypad setting
Dest. no. MSN
A destination number can be entered, which the ARGUS will use
for MSN interrogation (default: 0043).
CUG Index
Entry of the CUG index, which the ARGUS should use when
testing the CUG (Closed User Group) service.
Default: 148
Keypad
A maximum of three Keypad Infos can be stored.
This setting will be saved permanently.
First use the vertical cursor keys to select one of the three
available memory locations for Keypad Infos.
<EDIT >
Select a Keypad Info entry to be edited. Afterwards,
use the keypad to enter the Keypad Info.
Save Keypad Info
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125
ARGUS
16.3 Settings: BERT
The operation is the same for all configurations and will be illustrated with a single example:
The ARGUS - Main menu
Enter the BERT time
Use the keypad to enter the duration of the BERT.
The ARGUS will return to the “BERT
config.” menu without making any
changes.
The ARGUS saves the
settings and returns
to the next higher menu.
Settings for the BERT:
Display
Name on
ARGUS
Comment
the
BERT-duration
You can enter measurement times ranging from 1 minute (default
setting) to 90 hours and 59 minutes (= 99:59).
If the time is set to 00:00 (=BERT with unlimited
measurement time), the BERTwill not stop automatically.
In this case, the user must terminate the BERT (by
pressing the
126
).
ARGUS 125
ARGUS
Bit patt. BRI/
U
This function is used to select the bit pattern to be sent cyclically
by the ARGUS to perform a BERT on a BRI or U-interface
access. There are several predefined bit patterns available (211-1
= default).
Additionally, it is also possible to enter a 16 bit long pattern of your
choice in binary.
Use the horizontal cursor keys to move the cursor right or left.
<DEL>: Changes the digit before the cursor from 1 to 0
Bit
PRI
pattern
This function is used to select the bit pattern to be sent cyclically
by the ARGUS to perform a BERT on a PRI access (see “Bit patt.
BRI/U”).
( 215-1 = default setting).
Error level
This is the level used to evaluate whether the BERT had an
"acceptable" bit error rate.
If the BERT has a bit error rate, which exceeds this error level, the
ARGUS will display a "NO" as the test result.
Using the keypad, this parameter can be set to any value from 01
(= 10-01) to 99 ( = 10-99). The default threshold (error level) is 10-06
(1E-06). That means that, in the event that the bit error rate is less
than 10-06 (one error in 106= 1,000,000 sent bits), the bit error
test will be evaluated as OK.
HRX value
Setting for the HRX value
(Hypothetical Reference Connections, see the ITU-T G.821)
Using the keypad, you can enter a value ranging from 0 to 100%.
ARGUS 125
127
ARGUS
16.4 Settings: POTS
The operation is the same for all configurations and will be illustrated with a single example:
The ARGUS - Main menu
Using the cursor keys, select a setting (e.g. POTS dial
mode).
Select the dialing
mode:
select
Use the cursor keys to select the desired dialling mode
(e.g. Pulse mode).
The ARGUS will return to the “POTS config.”
menu without making any changes.
The ARGUS saves the
setting and returns to the
next higher menu.
Settings on a POTS access:
Display
ARGUS
on
Comment
Dial mode
Selection of the dialling mode: DTMF or pulse dialing
CLIP mode
Select the transfer procedure used to pass the call number:
FSK
CLIP via a method similar to a modem
(for Germany as well as some other parts of
Europe)
DTMF
CLIP via DTMF
(for Scandinavia and the Netherlands)
The ARGUS will automatically detect that a CLIP
was sent using DTMF with the polarity reversal
and will set itself accordingly (e.g. Netherlands).
DTMF parameter
Settings for the three parameters Level, Duration and Interval of
the DTMF signals generated during POTS (analog) operation.
128
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Level
Setting the DTMF level:
The level can range between -30dB and +9 dB (default: -3dB).
Use the vertical cursor keys to raise or lower the level by 3dB.
Duration
Setting the DTMF time:
The duration of the signal can take a value between 40ms and 1s
(default: 80ms).
Use the vertical cursor keys to raise or lower the value.
DTMF interval
In the range
40 - 200 ms
10 ms steps
In the range
200-300 ms
20 ms steps
In the range
300 - 1000 ms
100 ms steps
Setting the interval between two DTMF characters:
The interval between the characters can take a value between
40ms and 1 second (default: 80ms).
Use the vertical cursor keys to raise or lower the value.
Defaults
In the range
40 - 200 ms
10 ms steps
In the range
200-300 ms
20 ms steps
In the range
300 - 1000 ms
100 ms steps
Restores the default settings: Level = -3 dB, Time = 80 ms,
Separation = 80 ms
FLASH time
Sets the length of a FLASH.
This setting is needed in order to use special features of a PBX.
The FLASH time can take a value between 40ms and 1s.
Use the vertical cursor keys to raise or lower the value.
ARGUS 125
In the range
40 - 200 ms
10 ms steps
In the range
200-300 ms
20 ms steps
In the range
300 - 1000 ms
100 ms steps
129
ARGUS
16.5 Settings: X.31
The ARGUS in its Main menu
Use the cursor keys to select a setting, e.g. TEI.
Enter a TEI
Enter the TEI on the keypad.
The ARGUS will return to the next higher
menu without making any changes.
The ARGUS saves the
settings and returns
to the next higher menu.
Display
ARGUS
TEI
on
Comment
Entry (from the keypad) of the TEIs to be used in the X.31 test. If you
enter **, the ARGUS will automatically select a TEI.
LCN
130
Entry (from the keypad) of the LCN to be used in the X.31 test.
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ARGUS
16.6 Settings: ARGUS settings
The operation is the same for all configurations and will be illustrated with a single example:
ARGUS in the Main menu
Using the cursor keys, select a setting (e.g. Menu
language).
Use the cursor keys to select desired language
(e.g. Deutsch).
The ARGUS will return to the “Device settings”
menu without making any changes.
Menu language
select
The ARGUS saves the
settings and returns
to the next higher menu.
Settings on the ARGUS:
Display
ARGUS
on
Comment
Menu language
Selection of the menu language
LCD contrast
The display contrast can be changed in 16 steps.
The contrast can be increased or decreased using the cursor
keys.
The display shows a vertical arrow, which shows the current
setting on a scale from low to high contrast.
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131
ARGUS
Enter
time
date
/
Entry of the date and time (initialisation of the internal clock) via
the keypad.
Use the vertical cursor keys to scroll to the next line in the display.
The entered time will be continuously updated by the ARGUS’s
real time clock as long as the power is not interrupted. When the
power is switched off (the ARGUS switched off without
accumulators), the clock will run a few more weeks on its internal
supply. If the backup supply is exhausted, the time will be
undefined and must be set again.
PC Interface
Select the interface to be used for connecting to the PC.
Default setting: USB
V.24 Baud rate
Sets the maximum baud rate to be used by the ARGUS to
communicate with a PC via the V.24 interface.
Alarm bell
The ARGUS signals with an alarm in a variety of situations, e.g.
when a bit error occurs in a BERT. When this parameter is set to
"off“, all audible alarms are suppressed.
Power Down
- Set the how long the ARGUS can remain idle before it will switch
to power down mode. If power down mode is disabled, the
ARGUS will display a message, when it is switched on, warning
that this will lead to a shorter battery life.
- Setting how long the background lighting will remain on.
Software
option
132
To enable a software option (e.g. additional functions), you must
first enter a software key via the keypad.
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ARGUS
16.7 Saving Call Numbers
Ten call numbers with a maximum of 24-places can be entered in the speed-dialing
memory.
The first speed-dial number must be the own call number of the access under test
(this is especially important for the automatic Service check).
In the "Remote No.1-8" memory locations, you can save remote call numbers. In the X.31
test number memory location, the ARGUS expects the entry of the X.25 access number for
the X.31 test (page 74).
The ARGUS - Main menu
Enter the phone number
The ARGUS saves the
number and returns
Use the cursor keys to scroll through the speed-dialling
memory.
Enter the number via the keypad.
< DEL > Delete the character before the cursor
The ARGUS will return to the next higher
menu without saving the number.
to the next higher menu.
When entering an own call number with an extension (operation of the ARGUS on a PBX
access), observe the following:
The extension is separated from the access number by a #.
For outgoing calls, the ARGUS uses the entire call number (without #) as the number called
(CDPN or DAD) and, for the calling number (DSS1-CGPN or 1TR6-OAD), only the number
after the #, in other words the extension. A "#" at the beginning of a call number is treated
as a valid character.
Example: 02351/9970-45 is entered as 023519970#45
If the “# “ is at the end of a number, when the number is later dialed it will be done
without CGPN or OAD. This is important for some PBXs.
ARGUS 125
133
ARGUS
16.8 Reset
The ARGUS will reset all of the parameters to their default values.
The numbers in the speed-dialing memory and all of the test results stored in the
ARGUS (e.g. BERT results or automatic test sequences) will be deleted.
The following settings are possible:
Default
PC/Trace
Off
ISDN parameters
L1 permanent?
no
Protocol
Automatic
Alerting mode
Automatic
BRI termination
only for BRI NT
TE mode: on
NT mode: off
PRI termination
120 Ohm
PRI haul mode
short haul
Sa5 bits
0000
Setting the Sa6 Bits
0000
A bit
A=0 (automatic)
CRC4 mode
CRC4 automatic
Call acceptance
all MSN/DDI
Call parameter
depending on country version
Clock mode
TE mode: Slave
Voice coding
A-Law
NT mode, Leased line: Master
DTMF / Keypad
DTMF
Dest. no. MSN
0043
CUG Index
148
Keypad
The Keypad Infos will be deleted!
BERT parameters
BERT time
1 min
BERT error level
10-06
BERT bit pattern
BRI/U: 211-1
PRI: 215-1
BERT-HRX
134
15%
ARGUS 125
ARGUS
Bit pattern “freely-defined“
0000000000000000
POTS dialing mode
DTMF
POTS
POTS CLIP
FSK
POTS FLASH time
80 ms
DTMF parameter
80ms/80ms/0dB
X.31
TEI
** (automatically)
LCN
1
Device parameters
Menu language
depending on country version
LCD contrast
Average value
Enter date / time
1.1.2000 / 12:00
PC Interface
USB
V.24 Baud rate
57,600 Baud
Alarm bell
Off
ARGUS in the Main menu
Reset
all parameters?
Security query
< YES > Reset ARGUS to its default values
The
ARGUS
will
return the next higher
menu
ARGUS 125
135
ARGUS
17 Accu Servicing
Automatic recharging of the accumulators when the ARGUS is switched on
The ARGUS automatically recharges the accumulators (also shortened to “accus”), if the
ARGUS is connected to the plug-in power supply and the accumulator voltage is less than
6.4 volts (use only the supplied accumulators). While charging, the ARGUS displays the
message “Charge accu”.
If you press and hold the power switch, the ARGUS will switch off before the accumulators
are recharged. Otherwise, the ARGUS will switch itself off automatically as soon as the
accumulators are recharged.
Automatic recharging of the accumulators in the background (trickle charge)
If the trickle charge setting is set to “ON”, the ARGUS will
begin charging the accus automatically while it is in
operation (if the power supply is plugged in) as soon as
the voltage drops below 6.4 V.
(the battery symbol will be shown in the display).
Select setting
If the ARGUS is disconnected from its power supply after a short while, it is
possible that the accumulators may not be fully charged. In such case, when the
ARGUS is reconnected to the power supply, it will not begin to charge the
accumulators again until their voltage drops below 6.4V once more.
Accu servicing
The ARGUS will display the current charge of the accumulators, if no power supply is
connected.
When the power supply is connected, the accumulators in the ARGUS can be completely
discharged or immediately (without being first discharged) recharged. The discharge
procedure takes up to 7 hours. After a pause of about 30 minutes, the ARGUS will
automatically begin to recharge the accumulators.
136
ARGUS 125
ARGUS
ARGUS in its Main menu
Start charging the accumulators
(the plug-in power supply must be connected)
Charge accus
U: 4.03V
The ARGUS will display the level of charge and the
voltage while charging the accumulators.
Discharging the accumulators
The accumulators will first be fully discharged and then after a brief pause - automatically recharged.
Discharge accu
U: 3.87V
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137
ARGUS
18 Connection to a PRI Network
Since there is no commonly accepted standard for the connections in the 2 Mbit sector, you
will be confronted with different forms of connectors depending on the type of terminal and
the network termination used.
The ARGUS changes the connector pin assignments automatically in accordance with the
mode, TE or NT. Additionally, it is also possible to change the pin assignments manually in
the L1-Status menu.
18.1 Connector Pin Assignments on the ARGUS 125 (Line)
In TE mode, the ARGUS sends on lines 4 and 5, in NT-Mode on 1 and 2 (see illustration).
An adapter cable, which is suitable for the respective ISDN network/system, can be
connected using the RJ45-RJ45 adapter.
1
2
4
5
1
2
PRI
Access
7
8
ARGUS
138
RJ45 connector
(WE8/4)
RJ45 connector
(WE8/4)
PIN
PIN
Function
NT
TE
Rx
1
1
Tx
8
2
Tx
Rx
2
4
Rx
Tx
7
5
Rx
Tx
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ARGUS
19 Appendix
A) Acronyms
3PTY
Three Party Service
Al
Action Indicator
AOC
Advice of Charge
AOC-D
Advice of Charge
Charging information during the call and
at the end of the call
AOC-E
Advice of Charge
Charging information at the end of the call
AWS
Call Forwarding (Anrufweiterschaltung)
BC
Bearer Capability
BER
Basic Encoding Rules / Bit Error Rate
BERT
Bit Error Rate Test
CALL PROC
CALL PROCeeding message
CCBS
Completion of Calls to Busy Subscriber
CCNR
Call Complete No Response
Automatic Callback if the called party did not answer
CD
Call Deflection
CDPN
CalleD Party Number
CF
Call Forwarding
CFB
Call Forwarding Busy
CFNR
Call Forwarding No Reply
CFU
Call Forwarding Unconditional
CGPN
CallinG Party Number
CLIP
Calling Line Identification Presentation
Display caller’s number
CLIR
Calling Line Identification Restriction
Suppress display of the caller’s number
COLP
Connected Line Identification Presentation
Display the number of the party called
COLR
Connected Line Identification Restriction
Suppress the display of the number of the party called
CONN
CONNect Message
CONN ACK
CONNect ACKnowledge Message
CR
Call Reference
CT
Call Transfer
CUG
Closed User Group
CW
Call Waiting
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139
ARGUS
DAD
Destination Address (1TR6)
DDI
Direct Dialling In (dialling in to an extension directly)
DISC
DISConnect Message
DM
Supplementary services (Dienstmerkmal)
DTMF
Dual Tone Multi Frequency
EAZ
Terminal Ident. No. (Endgeräteauswahlziffer - 1TR6)
ECT
Explicit Call Transfer / call forwarding or explicit call diversion
E-DSS1
European Digital Subscriber Signalling System Number 1
GBG
Closed user group (CUG) (Geschlossene Benutzer Gruppe)
HLC
High Layer Compatibility
HOLD
Call Hold
ISDN
Integrated Services Digital Network
INFO
INFOrmation Message
LAPD
Link Access Procedure for D-channel channels
LCN
Logical channel number /X.25 channel number
LLC
Low Layer Compatibility
MCID
Malicious Call Identification
MSN
Multiple Subscriber Number
NSF
Network Specific Facilities
NT
Network Termination
OAD
Origination Address (1TR6)
PD
Protocol Discriminator
REL
RELease Message
REL ACK
RELease ACKnowledge Message
REL COMPL
RELease COMPLete Message
SCI
Sending Complete Indication
SIN
Service Indicator (1TR6)
SUB
Sub-addressing / Sub-addressing is possible
SUSP
SUSPend Message
TE
TErminal, Terminal Equipment
TEI
Terminal Endpoint Identifier
TP
Terminal Portability / Moving the terminal on the bus
UUS
User-to-User Signalling / transfer of user data
140
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B) CAUSE-Messages – DSS1 Protocol
Dec. Cause
Description
01
Unallocated (unassigned) number
No access under this call number
02
No route to specified transit network
Transit network not reachable
03
No route to destination
Wrong route or routing error
06
Channel unacceptable
B-channel for the sending system not acceptable
07
Call awarded and being delivered in
an established channel
Call awarded and connected in an already existing channel
(e.g., X.25 SVC)
16
Normal call clearing
Normal disconnect
17
User busy
The number called is busy
18
No user responding
No terminal equipment answered (Timer NT303 / NT310
time-out)
19
No answer from user (user alerted)
Call time too long
21
Call rejected
Call rejected (active)
22
Number changed
Call number has been changed
26
Non-selected user clearing
Incoming call not awarded to this terminal
27
Destination out of order
Destination / access out of order
28
Invalid number format
(address incomplete)
Wrong call number format or call number incomplete
29
Facility rejected
Facility is not supported
30
Response to STATUS ENQUIRY
Response to status enquiry
31
Normal, unspecified
Unspecified for "normal class" (Dummy)
34
No circuit / channel available
No circuit / B-channel available
38
Network out of order
Network not operational
41
Temporary failure
Network is temporarily not operational
42
Switching equipment congestion
Switching equipment is overloaded
43
Access information discarded
Access information could not be transferred
44
Requested circuit / channel not
available
Requested circuit / B-channel is not available
47
Resources unavailable, unspecified
Unspecified for “resource unavailable class” (Dummy)
49
Quality of service unavailable
The requested quality of service is not available
50
Requested facility not subscribed
Requested service attribute not subscribed
57
Bearer capability not authorized
The requested bearer capability is not enabled
58
Bearer capability not presently
available
The requested bearer capability is not currently available
63
Service or option not available
Unspecified for “service unspecified or option not
available class” (Dummy)
Bearer capability is not supported
65
Bearer capability not implemented
66
Channel type not implemented
Channel type is not supported
69
Requested facility not implemented
Requested facility is not supported
70
Only restricted digital information
bearer capability is available
Only limited bearer capability is available
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141
ARGUS
79
Service or option not implemented,
service unspecified or option not
implemented class” (Dummy)
Unspecified
81
Invalid call reference value
Invalid call reference value
82
Identified Channel does not exist
Requested channel is invalid
83
A suspended call exists, but this call
identity does not
The call identity entered is the wrong one for the parked call
84
Call identity in use
The call identity is already in use
85
No call suspended
No call has been parked
86
Call having the requested call
identity has been cleared
The parked call has been cleared
88
Incompatible destination
Incompatible destination
91
Invalid transit network selection
Invalid format for the transit network identifier
95
Invalid message, unspecified
Unspecified for "invalid message class" (Dummy)
96
Mandatory information element is
missing
Mandatory information element is missing
97
Message type non-existent or not
implemented
This type of message is in this phase not permitted, not
defined or not supported
98
Message not compatible with call
state or message type non-existent
or not implemented
The content of the message is in this phase not permitted,
not defined or not supported
99
Information element non-existent or
not implemented
The content of the information element is in this phase not
permitted, not defined or not supported
100
Invalid information element contents
Invalid content in information element
101
Message not compatible with call
state
Message not valid in this phase
102
Recovery on timer expired
Error handling routine started due to time-out
111
Protocol error, unspecified
Unspecified for "protocol error class" (Dummy)
127
Interworking, unspecified
Unspecified for "interworking class" (Dummy)
142
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ARGUS
C) CAUSE-Messages – 1TR6 Protocol
Dec. Cause
Description
01
Invalid call reference value
Invalid call reference value
03
Bearer service not
implemented
The service is not available in the central office or at another
location in the network or the service has not been subscribed.
07
Call identity does not exist
Unknown call identity
08
Call identity in use
Call identity is already assigned to a “suspended“ connection.
10
No channel available
No further B-channel is free on the subscriber’s access.
(only significant locally)
16
Requested facility not
implemented
The entered FAC-Code is unknown in this network.
17
Requested facility not
subscribed
The requested facility is not available, because the initiating or
the remote subscriber is not authorized.
32
Outgoing calls barred
Outgoing calls are not possible due to the barring
33
User access busy
If the sum of the number of free B-channels, the number of
occupied B-channels, the number of awarded B-channels and
the number of calls without B-channel assignment equals four,
new incoming calls will be cleared from the network. The calling
subscriber receives a DISC with the cause “user access busy“
(= 1. busy) and a busy signal.
34
Negative CUG comparison
A connection is not possible due to a negative CUG (GBG)
comparison.
35
Non-existent CUG
This CUG (GBG) does not exist
37
Communication link as SPV
not permitted
A connection is not possible, since for example, the RFNR-test
was negative
53
Destination not obtainable
A connection cannot be made due to a wrong destination,
service or supplementary services.
56
Number changed
Subscriber-B’s call number has changed.
57
Out of order
The remote terminal is not ready.
58
No user responding
No terminal has answered the incoming SETUP or the
subscriber call was disconnected, it is assumed that someone is
present (Time-out for ringing T3AA).
59
User busy
Subscriber-B is busy
61
Incoming calls barred
The Subscriber-B has blocked incoming calls or the requested
service is not supported by Subscriber-B.
62
Call rejected
To Subscriber-A:
The requested connection is actively rejected by Subscriber-B
(by sending a DISC as answer to the incoming SETUP).
Another terminal is in the setup phase with the incoming call;
the call has already been accepted by another terminal on the
bus.
89
Network congestion
Network congested, e.g., switching equipment congestion, no
conference set free,
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143
ARGUS
90
Remote user initiated
Rejected or disconnected by remote end (subscriber or
exchange).
112
Local procedure error
Sent in a REL
Disconnect due to local errors (e.g., not valid messages or
parameters, time-out ...).
Sent in a SUSP REJ
Due to another already active supplementary service, the
connection may not be “suspended“.
Sent in a RES REJ
There is no “suspended” connection.
Sent in a FAC REJ
No further supplementary service request is possible, since
there is still one being processed or the supplementary service
requested is not available in the current state of the connection.
113
Remote procedure error
Caused by an error at the remote end.
114
Remote user suspended
Connection at the remote end is in the “hold“ or “suspend“ state.
115
Remote user resumed
Connection at the remote end is no longer in the “hold“ or
“suspend“ or “conference“ state.
127
User Info discarded locally
The message USER INFO is rejected locally. The cause is
given in the message CON CON.
Length entry (=0)
Normal disconnect (e.g., in REL as answer to a DISC from
subscriber or a change of service in a DISC): Command to the
terminal to release the B-channel.
144
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ARGUS
D) ARGUS Error Messages
Error
Number
Error
Class
Cause
Description
0
E
Network
The network is not in a state defined for DSS1 or 1TR6. It may
be that this state is normal for a PBX.
1 to 127
B,C,D,E
Network
DSS1 or 1TR6 causes
150
E
ARGUS
An error occurred during the supplementary service test.
Frequent cause: no response from network
152
B
ARGUS
The CF-Test was started with the wrong own number.
153
E
ARGUS
No HOLD is available, but HOLD is required to test the
supplementary service (ECT, 3pty)
154
E
ARGUS
CLIR or COLR could not be tested, since CLIP or COLP is not
available
161
B
ARGUS
The party called did not answer within the prescribed time
(approx.10 sec)
162
B
ARGUS
A call was setup to a remote subscriber, instead of being setup –
as was expected – to your own number.
163
E
ARGUS
The Auto-Test could not setup a connection and therefore the
AOC/D supplementary service could not be tested.
ARGUS
During the Suppl.services test, a call came in without a Bchannel (call waiting). Therefore, it was not possible to accept
the call and test.
170
199
B
200
ARGUS
A call number was entered.
ARGUS
Internal error
201
A
ARGUS
Network did not confirm acceptance of the call (CONN sent, no
CONN_ACK received from network)
204
A
ARGUS
- Layer 2 connection was cleared-down
- No response to SETUP (call setup)
- Layer 2 connection could not be setup
205
A
ARGUS
Reestablish the Layer 2 connection
206
ARGUS
The selected B-channel is already busy.
210
A
ARGUS
No response to the clear-down ( REL sent, no REL_CMP/
REL_ACK received from network)
220
A
ARGUS
Remote end signaled that it is in State 0.
245
E
ARGUS
Keypad sent via ESC, but no response was received from
network
250
E
ARGUS
FACility was sent, but no response was received from network
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145
ARGUS
X.31 Test – Error messages
X.31 Causes
0 to 255
Network
See ISO 8208: 1987(E)
Table 5- Coding of the clearing cause field in clear indication packets, page 35
257
ARGUS
No answer from network (to a CALL-REQUEST or a CLEAR-REQUEST)
258
ARGUS
Unexpected or wrong answer from network
(no CALL-CONNECTED or CLEAR-INDICATION as response to a
CALL-REQUEST)
259
ARGUS
The network has indicated in a DIAGNOSTIC message that the logical channel
is invalid.
Origin: No (=1) or a wrong LCN was set.
512
ARGUS
It was not possible to determine an internal or external cause.
Origin: Layer 2 could not be setup or remote end does not support X.31
65535
ARGUS
X.31 Layer 3 test was not performed. The error can only occur in a test log.
X.31 Diagnostic (only for a cause less than 256)
0 to 255
146
Network
See ISO 8208: 1987(E)
Figure 14A page 121
Figure 14B page 123 et seq.
and/or CCITT Recommendation X.25, Annex E
ARGUS 125