Marathon TS 910 Specifications

Operating and Maintenance Manual
For
Nickel-Cadmium
Aircraft Batteries
MarathonNorco Aerospace, Inc.
P.O. Box 8233
Waco TX. 76714-8233
Phone: (254) 776-0650
8301 Imperial Drive
Waco, TX. 76712-6588
Fax: (254) 776-6558
E-Mail: marathon@mptc.com
Website: www.mnaerospace.com
24-34-00
JUN 23/97
Rev 12 JUL 11/14
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
RECORD OF REVISIONS
Original Issue Date: JUN 23/97
Rev
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Issue
Date
10/23/97
06/30/99
09/04/01
03/28/03
11/30/03
11/19/04
04/15/06
05/10/11
06/03/11
07/25/11
11/09/12
07/11/14
Date
Inserted
By
Rev
No.
Issue
Date
Date
Inserted
By
Rev
No.
24-34-00
Issue
Date
Dated
Inserted
By
RR-1
JUL 11/14
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
RECORD OF TEMPORARY REVISIONS
Temporary
Rev. No.
Page
Number
Issue
Date
By
Date
Removed
24-34-00
By
RTR-1
APR 15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
SERVICE BULLETIN LIST
Number
Revision
24-34-00
Date
SBL-1
APR 15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES
SUBJECT
PAGE
Title
DATE
SUBJECT
Capacity Test
PAGE
Page 701
DATE
JUL 11/14
Capacity Test
Page 702
JUL 11/14
Reconditioning
Page 801
MAY 10/11
Cleaning
Page 901
Page 902
APR 15/06
APR 15/06
JUL 11/14
Record of Revisions
RR-1
JUL 11/14
Record of Temp
Revisions
RTR-1
APR 15/06
Service Bulletin List
SBL-1
APR 15/06
List of Effective Pages
LEP-1
JUL 11/14
Replacement of Cells
And Battery Repair
Page 1001
Page 1002
MAY 10/11
MAY 10/11
Table of Contents
TC-1
TC-2
APR 15/06
APR 15/06
Battery Disassembly &
Reassembly
Page 1101
Page 1102
MAY 10/11
APR 15/06
Introduction
Definitions of Battery
Terms
INTRO-1
INTRO-2
INTRO-3
INTRO-4
INTRO-5
MAY 10/11
APR 15/06
APR 15/06
JUN03/11
JUL 11/14
Battery Maintenance
Flow Chart
Page 1201
Page 1202
JUN 03/11
MAY 10/11
Trouble Shooting
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3
APR 15/06
APR 15/06
APR 15/06
Page 1301
Page 1302
Page 1303
MAY 10/11
APR 15/06
APR 15/06
Storage
Page 1401
May 10/11
Page 4
APR 15/06
Shipping
Page 1501
MAY 10/11
Page 101
Page 102
Page 103
Page 104
Page 105
APR 15/06
MAY 10/11
MAY 10/11
MAY 10/11
APR 15/06
Warranty Information
Page 1601
JUL 25/11
Special Tools
Page 1701
NOV 9/12
Recording Keeping
Page 1801
Page 1802
JUL 25/11
JUL 25/11
Electrical Leakage
Page 201
APR 15/06
Torque Requirements
Page 301
JUL 11/14
Sensor Assembly
Inspection
Page 401
Page 402
Page 403
Page 404
Page 405
Page 406
Page 407
Page 408
APR 15/06
MAY 10/11
MAY 10/11
MAY 10/11
JUL 11/14
JUL 11/14
JUL 11/14
JUL 11/14
Charge
Page 501
Page 502
Page 503
APR 15/06
APR 15/06
JUL 11/14
Electrolyte Level
Adjustment
Page 601
Page 602
Page 603
Page 604
Page 605
JUL 11/14
APR 15/06
JUL 11/14
APR 15/06
APR 15/06
Description and
Operation
Inspection
24-34-00
LEP-1
JUL 11/14
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SUBJECT
Introduction
PAGE
INTRO-1
Description and Operation
1
Inspection
101
Electrical Leakage
201
Torque Requirements
301
Sensor Assembly Inspection
401
Charge
501
Electrolyte Level Adjustment
601
Capacity Test
701
Reconditioning
801
Cleaning
901
Replacement of Cells and Battery Repair
1001
Battery Disassembly and Reassembly
1101
Battery Maintenance Flow Chart
1201
Trouble-Shooting
1301
Storage
1401
Shipping
1501
Warranty Information
1601
Special Tools
1701
Record Keeping
1801
24-34-00
TC-1
APR 15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
LIST OF FIGURES, ILLUSTRATIONS AND TABLES
PAGE #
Constant Current Charge Curve
Figure 1
1
Typical Constant Current Discharge Curves
Figure 2
3
Inspection Gauge
Figure 3
102
Recommended Voltage Regulator Settings
Table 1
103
Temperature Charge Voltage Relationship
Figure 4
105
Torque Requirements
Table 2
301
Temperature Sensor Specifications
Table 3
402
Reflex and Constant Current Charge Rates
Table 4
503
Syringe and Nozzle Assembly
Figure 5
601
Syringe and Nozzle Assembly Application
Table 5
601
Maximum Allowable Water Consumption
Table 6
603
Proper Electrolyte Level Adjustment
Figure 6
604
Water Loss at Various Rates of Overcharge
Figure 7
605
Theoretical Water Loss and Volume of Gas Resulting from Overcharge
Figure 8
605
Capacity test Rates
Table 7
702
24-34-00
TC-2
APR 15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
INTRODUCTION
This manual contains shop verified instructions for proper installation, operation and maintenance of
MarathonNorco’s Nickel-Cadmium batteries. These instructions are grouped in topics shown in the Table
of Contents. They are for the operation, testing, and repair of MarathonNorco’s battery products.
This manual is designed to service the batteries based on the cell type within the battery. Batteries covered
by this manual are listed within the INTRO section. This listing identifies the applicable cell type used within
the battery to establish the servicing criteria listed in the various tables and charts within this manual.
WARNING:
SERIOUS INJURY CAN RESULT FROM CARELESSNESS WHILE HANDLING AND
WORKING WITH NICKEL-CADMIUM BATTERIES. PLEASE OBSERVE THE
FOLLOWING SAFETY RULES WHILE WORKING WITH THESE BATTERIES.
1. Remove all metal articles such as bracelets and rings.
2. Metal tools must be insulated.
3. Wear protective clothing and eye protection. The electrolyte can cause burns if in contact with skin or
eyes.
4. Do not smoke or hold naked flames near batteries on charge. These batteries give off a mixture of
oxygen and hydrogen during charge, which, if allowed to accumulate in a confined space, could cause
an explosion. Do not charge the battery on the bench with the cover on.
5. Do not mix lead-acid and nickel-cadmium battery servicing in the same shop area.
6. Do not use petroleum spirits, trichloroethylene or other solvents.
READ AND UNDERSTAND THE CAUTIONS AND WARNINGS STATED THROUGHOUT THIS MANUAL
BEFORE PROCEEDING WITH SERVICING PROCEDURES.
CARELESSNESS MAY RESULT IN THE RAPID AND UNCONTROLLED RELEASE OF ELECTRICAL,
CHEMICAL OR HEAT ENERGY.
24-34-00
INTRO-1
MAY 10/11
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
DEFINITIONS OF COMMONLY USED BATTERY TERMS
Ampere Hours
A unit of electrical measurement used to describe
the capacity of a cell or battery. The product of
discharge current (in amperes) X the time of
discharge (in hours). It is also used to describe the
amount of electrical energy put back into a battery
during the charging process. Abbreviated as Ah or
Amp. hrs.
This rating system helps to compare the
performance of different sizes of cells and batteries.
State of Charge
The amount of stored energy (capacity) available in
a rechargeable battery. Usually expressed as a
percentage of its full capacity.
Capacity
A measure of the stored electrical energy that is
available from a charged battery. Generally
expressed in Ampere Hours, or as a % of the
nominal (nameplate) capacity
Electrolyte
The conductive medium that provides for the
movement of ions (current flow) between the positive
and negative plates of a cell; an alkaline solution of
Potassium Hydroxide in nickel-cadmium aircraft
cells.
Constant Current Charging
A method used to charge a battery in which a
predetermined, fixed current is passed through it.
End-of-Charge Voltage
The voltage of a battery at the conclusion of a
charge measured while the battery is still on charge.
Constant Potential Charging (Constant Voltage)
This refers to a method in which a fixed voltage
source is applied across the battery terminals. The
charge current is variable and depends primarily
upon the difference in voltage between the voltage
source and that of the battery. The initial charge
current is high and decreases as the battery accepts
the charge and its voltage increases.
Fading
The loss of capacity that occurs when a battery is
cycled with minimal overcharge. A correctable
condition through re-conditioning
Separator
A material that is used to prevent the metallic
contact between the positive and negative plates.
Trickle Charge
A continuous constant current, low-rate charge
(slightly more than the self-discharge rate) suitable
to maintain a battery in a fully charged condition.
Gas Barrier
A membrane in the separator system that prohibits
the recombination of oxygen (produced at the
positive plate) on negative plate.
Rated or Nominal Capacity
The nominal nameplate capacity rating of a nickelcadmium battery generally refers to the number of
Ampere-hours that the battery can deliver when
discharged at the 1-hour rate to 1.0 volt per cell.
Nominal Voltage (Name Plate)
The voltage of a fully charged cell or battery while
delivering current. The nominal voltage of a nickelcadmium battery cell is 1.2 volts, therefore a 20-cell
battery would have a nominal voltage of 24 volts,
and a 19 cell is 22.8 volts. (Note: Older batteries
use a different convention for nominal voltage).
"C" Rate
That discharge rate, in nominal or nameplate
amperes, at which a battery or cell will yield its
capacity to a 1.0 volt per cell endpoint in one hour.
Fractions or multiples of the C rate are also used.
C/5 refers to the rate at which a battery will
discharge its capacity in 5 hours. 2C is twice the C
rate or that rate at which a battery will discharge its
capacity in about 1/2 hour. Example: a 25 amperehour battery will have a C rate of 25 amperes, a C/5
rate of 5 amperes and a 2C rate of 50 amperes.
Open Circuit Voltage
The voltage of a battery at rest, that is, with no
charge or discharge current flowing
24-34-00
INTRO-2
APR 15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
Deep Discharge (Cycle)
A discharge in which most or all of the available
capacity is withdrawn from a battery and the cells
are brought individually to a zero volt condition.
Reconditioning
A procedure consisting of a deep discharge and a
constant current charge that is used to correct cell
imbalance that may occur during continual cyclic use
of a rechargeable battery.
Shorting Clip
A short length of wire (with or without a low value
resistor) or a metal spring, used to "short" a cell to
zero volts.
24-34-00
INTRO-3
APR 15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
MarathonNorco Aircraft Batteries
Battery Type
Cell Type
Battery Type
Cell Type
Battery Type
Cell Type
Battery Type
Cell Type
10-20H120
20H120
BB415/U
10H120
CA-154-1
15M220
CA-727-20CR
24M220CR
10-5H120
5H120
BB432/A
12M220
CA-154-2
15M220
CA-727-7
24M220CR
10-81H120
81H120
BB432A/A
12H120
CA-154-2A
15M220
CA-727-9
24H100
18-6H120
6H120
BB432B/A
12H120C
CA-154-3A
15M220
CA-737
24M220
19-10H120
10H120
BB433/A
36H120
CA-154-4
15M220
CA-9
24H120
19-24H120
24H120
BB433A/A
36H120
CA-154-5
15M220
CA-91-20
24H120
20-14M220
14M220
BB434/A
24H120C
CA-154-7
15M220
CA-9-20
24H120
20-18H120
18H120
BB476/A
10HE120
CA-16N
36H120
CA-9-20A
24H120
20-5H120
5H120
BB600A/A
36H120
CA-1700
17H100
CTCA-21H-1
20H120
23-3H120
3H120
BB641/A
10H120
CA-170A
17H100
CTSP-280
28SP100
5-81H120
81H120
BB649A/A
20H120
CA-174
17H100
CTSP-280-1
28SP100
81757/1-2
12H120
BB664/A
10HE120C
CA-176
17H100
CTSP-400
40SP100
81757/10-1
6H120
BB672/U
3H120
CA-20H
20H120
DTSP-280L
28SP100
81757/11-1
24H120
BB676/A
10H120
CA-20H-20
20H120
DTSP-400L
40SP100
81757/11-2
24H120
BB678A/A
10H120
CA-21H-1
20H120
20SPE100
81757/11-3
24H120
BB693/U
36H120C
CA-21H-20
20H120
Goalkeeper,
142D5750
GP-180
81757/11-4
24H120
BB708/A
5H120
CA-24A
24M220CR
GSP-400
44SP100
81757/7-3
12H120
BB716/A
5H120
CA-27
24ME220(C)
GTMA-5-20
36H120
81757/8-2
24H120
BTCA-5-20
36H120
CA-27-20
24ME220(C)
GTSP-400
44SP100
81757/8-3
24H120
BTCA-9-20
24H120
CA-27-20C
24ME220C
KCA-727
24M220
81757/8-4
24H120
BTCA-9-20A
24H120
CA-31
3H120
KCA-727-20
24M220
81757/8-5
24H120
BTCA-400
40H100
CA-376
36H120
KCA-727-20C
24M220C
81757/9-2;
36H120
BTMA-5
36H120
CA-4
24M220CR
KCA-727-20CR 24M220C
81757/9-3
36H120
BTMA-5-20
36H120
CA-400
40H100
KSP-400
40SP100
ATCA-21H
20H120
BTSP-179
17SP100
CA-400A
40H100
KSP-400L
40SP100
ATCA-21H-1
20H120
BTSP-400
40SP100
CA-4-20
24M220CR
KTCA-21H-20
20H120
ATCA-21H-2
20H120
BTSP-4445L
44SP100
CA-5
36H120
MA-11
24M220CR
ATCA-21H-2H 20H120
CA-101(N)
10H120
CA-51(N)
5H120
MA-2
65H132
ATCA-441
40H100
CA-103
10H120
CA-53(N)
5H120
MA-300H
3H120
ATSP-280
28SP100
CA-106
10H120
CA-54
5H120
MA-5
36H120
ATSP-400
40SP100
CA-10N
10H120
CA-54-1
5H120
MA-500(H)
5H120
ATSP-400-2
40SP100
CA-121
12M220
CA-54-2
5H120
MA510
5H120
ATSP-44
44SP100
CA-125
3H120
CA-54-3
5H120
MA-5-20
36H120
ATSP-441
40SP100
38SP100
CA-125-20
3H120
CA-54-3C
5H120
MA-5-C
36H120
ATSP-900L-1 24SP100
CA-126
3H120
CA-5H
36H120
MA-7
12M220
BA02-04
5H120
CA-13
36H120
CA-7
12M220
MA-9
24H120
BA02-05
5H120
CA-138
38H100
CA-727-20
24M220CR
PTMA-5-20
36H120
BB400
3H120
CA-139
38H100
CA-727-20C
24M220C
PTSP-400
40SP100
24-34-00
INTRO-4
JUN 03/11
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
MarathonNorco Aircraft Batteries
Battery Type
Cell Type
Battery Type
Cell Type
Battery Type
Cell Type
PTSP-400-1
40SP100
TCA-109L-1
10H120C
TSP-1760-L-1 17SP100
SP-138
38SP100
TCA-1069L
10H120C
TSP-25
25SP100
SP-170A
17SP100
TCA-1735
17H100
TSP-280
28SP100
SP-170AL
17SP100
TCA-1742
17H100
TSP-281
28SP100
SP-1700
17SP100
TCA-1752
17H100
TSP-283
28SP100
SP-1700L
17SP100
TCA-1753
17H100
TSP-400WB
40SP100
SP-176
17SP100
TCA-1754
17H100
TSP-400X
40SP100
SP-178
17SP100
TCA-183CH
18H120
TSP-40204B
40SP100
SP-276
24SP100
TCA-1892L
18H120
TSP-408L-1
40SP100L
SP-280
28SP100
TCA-21H-1
20H120
TSP-409L-1
40SP100L
SP-376
44SP100
TCA-21H-2
20H120
TSP-410
40SP100
SP400
40SP100
TCA-21H-20
20H120
TSP-414
44SP100
SP400L
40SP100
TCA-2492L
24M220CR
TSP-420L
40SP100
SP-401
38SP100
TCA-440
40H100
TSP434
44SP100
SP-444L
44SP100
TCA-5
36H120
TSP-440
40SP100
SP-747
38SP100
TCA-52
52H120C
TSP-4412
44SP100
SP900
24SP100
TCA-5-20
36H120
TSP-442
44SP100
SP-900A
24SP100
TCA-5-20-1(C) 36H120
TSP-44204B
44SP100
SP-910
24SP100
TCA-7
12M220
TSP-4460
44SP100
STCA-16L
36H120
TMA-4
24M220CR
TSP-4492L
44SP100
STCA-162-2
36H120
TMA-5-20
36H120
TSP-455-1
40SP100
STCA-400
40H100
TMA-5-20(c)
36H120
TSP-46-1
46SPE100
STCA-400A
40H100
TPSP-941
24SP100
TSP-900A
24SP100
STCA-420-2
40H100
TPSTSP-941
24SP100
TSP-9117A
24SP100
STCA-930A
24H100
TSP-15
15SP100
TSP-9117B
24SP100
STMA-2
65H132
TSP-1708L
17SP100
TSP-940
24SP100
STMA-5-20
36H120
TSP-1722
17SP100
TTMA-5-20C
36H120
STMA-9
24H120
TSP-1728
17SP100
UTSP-400
40SP100
STSP-400
40SP100
TSP-1735
17SP100
UTSP-440
40SP100
STSP-403
40SP100
TSP-1735L
17SP100
UTSP-460L
44SP100
STSP-444
44SP100
TSP-1742
17SP100
UTSP-460L-1
44SP100
STSP444L
44SP100
TSP-1749L
17SP100
STSP-901
24SP100
TSP-1753
17SP100
STSP-930
24SP100
TSP-1754
17SP100
TCA-103C
10H120C
TSP-1755
17SP100
TCA-106
10H120
TSP-1757
17SP100
TCA-106-3
10H120
TSP-1760L
17SP100
24-34-00
INTRO-5
JUL 11/14
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
DESCRIPTION
General
The nickel-cadmium battery cell is an electrochemical system in which the active materials contained in the
plates undergo changes in oxidation state with very little change in electrolyte concentration due to the
production or consumption of water. These active materials are virtually insoluble in the alkaline (potassium
hydroxide) electrolyte in any oxidation state. As a result the electrodes are very long-lived.
Some of the electrochemical mechanisms involved in the charge, discharge, and storage of the nickel-cadmium
battery cell are rather complex. This is especially true of the positive plate. A brief simplified account of the
essential reactions is offered in order to help initiate the reader into the theory and principles of this system and
thus further the understanding of the operation of the battery and the role played by its main components.
GENERAL NICKEL-CADMIUM EQUATION,
chg.
→
2Ni(OH)2 + Cd(OH)2
2NiOOH + Cd + 2H2O
←
dischg.
Positive
Plate
Negative
Plate
Positive
Plate
Negative
Plate
FIGURE 1
Typical Constant Current Charge Curve
5-Hour Rate
CELL VOLTAGE
TYPICAL CONSTANT CURRENT
CHARGE CURVE 5-HOUR RATE
1.8
1.7
1.6
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.2
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
TIME/HOURS
24-34-00
Page 1
APR 15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
Charge
Charging results in the conversion of electrical energy to stored chemical energy. The active materials, in a
discharged condition, are cadmium hydroxide in the negative plates and nickel hydroxide in the positive
plates. With the application of a charging current, these active materials undergo a chemical change. The
negative material (Cadmium Hydroxide) gradually gains electrons and is converted to metallic cadmium
(Cd); the positive material is gradually brought to a higher state of oxidation (loses electrons). As long as
the charging current continues to flow through the battery, these changes will take place until the active
materials in both electrodes are completely converted, at which point, overcharge commences.
Toward the end of the process (as the materials approach a full charge condition), and during overcharge,
gas will be evolved and released through the cell vent. This gas results from the electrolysis of the water
component of the electrolyte. The gas evolved at the negative plates is hydrogen and at the positive plates
is oxygen. The amount of gas evolved depends upon the charge rate during the period in which the cells
are being overcharged. After complete conversion of the active materials has occurred, the further
2
application of charge current will only cause further electrolysis of the water and I R heating.
Discharge
Discharging results in the conversion of the chemical energy stored in the cell to electrical energy. During
discharge, the chemical reactions which occurred in charging are reversed. The active material (Cd) in the
negative plates gradually loses electrons and changes to cadmium hydroxide. The active material in the
positive plates gains electrons and changes to nickel hydroxide. No gassing occurs during a normal
discharge. The insolubility of the active materials and the fact that the potassium hydroxide does not
participate in the cell reaction results in the very flat Ni-Cd discharge voltage curve.
The rate at which the conversions take place is primarily determined by the external resistance (load)
introduced into the circuit in which the cell is connected. Due to its construction, the MarathonNorco cell
has an extremely low internal resistance, and its ability to deliver high currents is due to this factor.
24-34-00
Page 2
APR 15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
Charge, Discharge and overcharge equations:
Positive plate
Charge
Discharge
→
←
2Ni(OH)2 + 2(OH)(Nickel Hydroxide)
Overcharge
4(OH)→
→
←
2Ni OOH + 2H2O + 2e(Nickel Oxy Hydroxide)
O2 + 2H2O + 4e-
Negative Plate
Charge
Discharge
→
←
Cd(OH)2 + 2e- →
-
(Cadmium Hydroxide)
Cd° + 2(OH)
(Cadmium)
Overcharge
4H2O + 4e-
2H2 + 4(OH)
→
Overcharge (Net Cell Reaction)
4e2H2O →
2H2 + O2
Constant Current
Discharge For
Typical 20 Cell
Battery: Rate a
parameter
Figure 2
TYPICAL CONSTANT CURRENT DISCHARGE CURVES
24-34-00
Page 3
APR 15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
Capacity
Capacity is measured quantitatively in ampere-hours delivered at a specified discharge rate to a specified
cut-off voltage at room temperature. The cut-off voltage is 1.0 volt per cell.
Battery available capacity depends upon several factors including such items as:
1. Cell design (cell geometry, plate thickness, hardware, and terminal design govern performance under
specific usage conditions of temperature, discharge rate, etc.).
2. Discharge rate (high current rates yield less capacity than low rates).
3. Temperature (capacity and voltage levels decrease as battery temperature moves away from the 60°F
(16°C) to 90°F (32°C) range toward the high and low extremes).
4. Charge rate (higher charge rates generally yield greater capacity).
24-34-00
Page 4
APR 15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
1.0
INSPECTION
1.1
Delivery Inspection
When the battery is unpacked, a thorough inspection should be made to ensure that no damage
occurred during shipment. Inspect the shipping container as well as the battery. Before putting the
battery into service, check the following points carefully.
1.1.1
Damage
See if any liquid has spilled into the shipping container. This may be a sign of a damaged cell.
Check for dented battery container. Check for cracked cell cases or covers. Do not place a
damaged battery into service. Report any signs of improper handling to the shipping
company.
1.1.2
Shorting straps
Some batteries are shipped with shorting devices across the main power receptacle output
terminals. Before subjecting battery to electrical service this device must be removed
1.1.3
Electrical connections
Test all terminal hardware to ensure tightness. If necessary re-torque them to the proper value.
Poor electrical contact between mating surfaces may reduce discharge voltage, cause local
overheating and damage the battery.
1.14
Liquid level - Do not add water to a battery except near the end of a constant
current charge. Some exceptions may be noted later.
Addition of water, except at the proper time during the charge will cause spewing of electrolyte to
take place during the subsequent charge. MarathonNorco batteries are shipped with the proper
amounts of electrolyte. When a battery has been discharged or allowed to stand for a long period
of time, the electrolyte becomes absorbed into the plates. Since the battery has been shipped in a
discharged condition, the liquid level of the cells may appear to be low. Charging the battery will
cause the liquid level of the individual cells to rise to the proper operating level. If this does not
happen, add sufficient distilled or demineralized water (using the proper syringe and nozzle) to the
cells during the last 15 minutes of the topping charge, until the correct liquid level is reached.
BEFORE CHARGING THE BATTERY READ AND BECOME FAMILIAR WITH THE CHARGE
PROCEDURE.
24-34-00
Page 101
APR 15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
WARNING:
1.2
THE ELECTOLYTE USED IN NICKEL-CADMIUM BATTERIES IS A STRONG
CAUSTIC SOLUTION OF POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE. USE RUBBER GLOVES,
AN APRON AND A FACE SHIELD WHEN REPAIRING OR SERVICING THE
BATTERY. IF ELECTROLYTE IS SPILLED OR SPRAYED ON CLOTHING OR
OTHER MATERIALS, IT SHOULD BE BATHED IMMEDIATELY WITH LARGE
QUANTITIES OF WATER NEUTRALIZED WITH A WEAK ACID SOLUTION
SUCH AS VINEGAR. IF ELECTROLYTE GETS INTO THE EYES, FLUSH
COPIOUSLY WITH WATER AND GET MEDICAL ATTENTION IMMEDIATELY.
INSPECTION IN THE AIRCRAFT
1.2.1
Vent Lines
When installing a battery in the aircraft, check the vent lines for obstructions, leaks or damage of any
kind and repair or replace. Check battery box vents for obstructions or cracks and repair.
1.2.1
Battery Disconnect
The following procedure defines an inspection program to field check the aircraft battery quick
disconnect.
1.2.2
Equipment Required
Quick disconnect inspection gauge
INSPECTION GAUGE
FIGURE 3
1.2.3
Procedure
Inspection of Battery Quick Disconnect: Remove all electrical loads from the battery then disengage
the battery disconnect from the mating receptacle, and inspect for the following:
A.
Evidence of corrosion or pitting of the power contacts.
B.
Excessive free-play in the hand wheel- worn assembly, broken pins.
24-34-00
Page 102
MAY 10/11
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
C.
Evidence of arcing of burn marks on the power contacts. This is caused when the
disconnect is removed under electrical load.
D.
Insert the .385 inch diameter end of the inspection gauge into each power contact to a
depth of .437 inches. The fit shall be snug with a force to remove greater than one (1)
pound. This is to test the resiliency of the power contact to an oversized pin.
E.
Insert the .370 inch diameter end of the inspection gauge into each power contact to a
depth of .437 inches. The fit shall also be snug with a nominal force to remove one (1)
pound. This will ensure proper contact to a worn or undersized contact pin.
F.
Replace if required.
1.2.4
Voltage Regulator
The voltage regulator should be set at a level consistent with the normal ambient
temperature band and should be set on the aircraft after a start and a few minutes into the
charging period (seeTable 1). Periodic checks to correct out- of-tolerance regulators and
replacement of defective units will reduce the possibility of inadvertent increases in
charging voltage with the resultant rise in charge current and battery temperature and
water consumption.
Recommended voltage settings measured at the battery terminals and applicable to room
temperature conditions, under a known time span of 4 hours are shown in Table 1. (These
are nominal values computed by multiplying the number of cells in the battery by a factor of
approximately 1.5). For voltage regulation at ambient temperature higher or lower than
75°F (24° C), see Figure 3.
Table 1 - Recommended Voltage Regulator Setting at 75°F (24°C)
Number
of
Cells
Nominal
Battery
Voltage
Time
In
Hours
Voltage
Maximum*
Voltage
Regulator
Setting
5
10
12
19
20
22
6
12
15
22.8
24
26.0
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-4
7.5-7.75
15.0-15.5
18.0-18.5
28.0-29.0
28.5-30.0
31.0-33.5
7.50
15.00
18.00
28.50
30.00
33.00
* Constant potential charging voltage and time apply to all ampere-hour ratings,
subject only to number of cells per battery
24-34-00
Page 103
MAY 10/11
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
Figure 4
Temperature vs. Charge Voltage Relationship
MAXIMUM RECOMMENDED CONSTANT POTENTIAL CELL
CHARGE VOLTAGE AT VARIOUS TEMPERATURES
Charge Voltage, V/cell
Temperature vs Charge Voltage
MAXIMUM RECOMMENDED
CONSTANT POTENTIAL CHARGE
VOLTAGE
AT VARIOUS TEMPERATURES
1.75
1.65
1.55
1.45
1.35
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100 120
Battery Temperature, F°
24-34-00
Page 104
MAY 10/11
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
1.3
Inspection - Received in for Service
When a battery is received in the shop for routine servicing, the following inspections should be
performed:
Visually inspect can and cover for dents, damage, epoxy coating separation, vent tube obstruction,
latch function and cover seal condition.
Any evidence of discrepancies, in above shall be cause for replacement of the parts.
Remove the battery cover and inspect for the following:
Clean top of cells and connectors with a nylon brush. Blow out residue with oil-free compressed air
using standard safety precautions. If cells are exceptionally dirty, connecting links, hardware, and
cells may need to be removed, washed in warm water and dried. If this is required, discharge the
battery before disassembly.
Verify that the polarity of the cells and position of the internal connections are correct.
Inspect intercell connectors for corrosion, burns or discoloration. Clean with an eraser or replace
as required.
Remove vent plugs and inspect “O” rings and vent sleeves for damage or hardening. Replace if
defective. If necessary, wash vent plugs in warm water to remove the white powder (potassium
carbonate) from vent holes. Dry with oil-free compressed air using standard safety precautions.
1.3.1
Inspection of Battery Power Connector
Inspect for corrosion or pitting on the contact pins.
Inspect for arcing or burn marks on the contact pins. This is caused when the disconnect is
removed under electrical load.
Inspect for battery electrolyte leakage through the receptacle body and/or the contact pins.
NOTE:
Electrolyte leakage can be noticed by a discoloration of the receptacle body with
the glass fibers exposed.
Gauge each contact pin diameter using dial calipers that are capable of reading to .001 inch.
The diameter shall be .375 ± .005 inches.
1.3.2
Inspection of Sensor Receptacle (if so equipped)
Examine sensor connector for pin or locking mechanism damage.
CAUTION:
The electrolyte used in the battery is a caustic solution of Potassium Hydroxide. Avoid
contact with any part of the body.
24-34-00
Page 105
APR 15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
2.0
ELECTRICAL LEAKAGE
To determine if external leakage is of such a magnitude as to require a complete battery cleaning
set the range selector of a multimeter to the 500 milliampere range or higher.
Place the positive lead of the meter on the positive terminal of the battery receptacle and touch the
negative lead of the meter to any exposed metal on the battery can.
NOTE:
Many MarathonNorco batteries are supplied with epoxy coated battery cans and
covers. Where epoxy coated cans are used, current flow may be measured
between the battery terminals and the screws that are used to mount the main
connector.
If the measurement is within the meter limits, connect the negative lead of the meter to the battery
can. Record this current value.
Repeat the above, connecting the negative lead of the meter on the negative terminal of the battery
receptacle and the positive meter lead to any exposed metal on the battery can.
If the above current measurements exceed 50 milliamperes, flush the tops of the cells and dry.
(Reference Paragraph 9.0)
Repeat the above current test on the positive and negative terminals. If the tops of the cells were
cleaned properly and the current measurement is still greater than 50 milliamperes, one or more of
the cells may be leaking. To isolate this cell or cells, proceed as follows:
Using a voltmeter of 1000 ohms-per-volt, or greater, place one of the meter leads on either
the negative or positive terminal of the battery and the other lead on any exposed metal of
the battery can; note the meter reading. If the meter reads negative, reverse the positions of
the meter leads.
Keep one-meter lead on the exposed metal surface of the can and move the other lead
systematically from one cell terminal to another, noting the voltage readings. Voltage
readings will decrease and finally go negative indicating the location of the path and possibly
a leaky cell.
If the cell is leaking, replace the cell or cells. If no leaking cells are found, the leakage path
may be due to electrolyte along the outside of the cells and at the bottom of the battery can,
and the battery must be discharged, disassembled and cleaned. (Reference Paragraph 9.0
and 11.0)
24-34-00
Page 201
APR 15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
3.0
TORQUING REQUIREMENTS
Verify torque on every intercell connection starting with cell 1 and working sequentially through the
last cell. Verify torque on cell connections to main battery connector.
TABLE 2
BATTERY OR
CELL TYPE
THREAD
SIZE
3H120
5H120
10H120
10HE120
12M220
12H120
14M220
15M220
15SP100
17H100
17SP100
18H120
20H120
20SPE100
24M220CR
24ME220C
24H120
24H100
24SP100
25SP100
28SP100
36M220
36H120
38H100
38SP100
40SP100
40SP100L
44SP100
44SP100L
46SPE100
52H120C
65H132
81H120
#10-32
#10-32
5/16”-24
#8-32
5/16”-24
#8-32
#8-32
#8-32
#8-32
#10-32
#10-32
#10-32
#10-32
#10-32
#10-32
#10-32
#10-32
#10-32
#10-32
#10-32
1/4”-28
#10-32
#10-32
1/4”-28
1/4”-28
1/4”-28
1/4”-28
1/4”-28
1/4”-28
1/4”-28
1/4”-28
1/4”-28
1/4”-28
SOCKET
HEAD CAP
SCREW
TORX
SCREW
HEX NUT
ACROSS
FLATS
5/16”
5/16”
1/2”
9/64”
1/2”
9/64”
9/64”
9/64”
9/64”
5/32”
5/32”
5/32”
5/32”
5/32”
5/32”
5/32”
5/32”
5/32”
5/32”
5/32”
3/16”
5/32”
5/32”
3/16”
3/16”
3/16”
3/16”
3/16”
3/16”
3/16”
3/16”
3/16”
3/16”
T-25
T-25
T-25
T-30
T-30
T-30
T-30
T-30
T-30
T-30
T-30
T-30
T-30
T-30
TORQUE
(INCH LBS.)
TO
TIGHTEN
15-18
15-18
20-25
30-35
20-25
30-35
30-35
30-35
30-35
35-50
35-50
30-35
35-50
35-50
35-50
35-50
35-50
35-50
35-50
35-50
100-125
35-50
35-50
100-125
100-125
100-125
100-125
100-125
100-125
100-125
100-125
100-125
100-125
All other hardware should be torqued in accordance with FAA document AC.43.13 (Aircraft
Inspection and Repair)
24-34-00
Page 301
JUL 11/14
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
4.0
SENSOR ASSEMBLY INSPECTION
Inspect battery for proper placement of thermostats, heaters, thermistors or other sensor elements.
Inspect wiring and receptacle for insulation damage, corrosion, and crimping or other defects.
At least once each calendar year, perform a functional test on the temperature sensor assembly. All
functions must be within ± 10% of the values given in Table 3.
Dielectric Test: (If required in Table 3) Use a Dielectric (Hi-Pot) Tester capable of measuring a current
flow of 25 µA at 500 Volts DC. Place sensor leads in a small container filled with DI water, allowing the
assemblies to be submerged completely. Place the Negative (-) lead of the Dielectric tester in the
container with the sensor leads. While holding the receptacle, probe the pins listed in Table 3 with the
Positive (+) lead of the Dielectric tester to check for current leakage. A current flow greater than 25 µA
would constitute a failure.
.
24-34-00
Page 401
APR 15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
Table 3 (Page 1 of 8)
TEMPERATURE SENSOR ASSY. SPEC
Part Number
Connector Type
Active Pins
Action
Battery Type
28900-001
MS-3114P8-4P
PT07P8-4P
A-B
C-D
Blue
Red
Close at 140°F
Close at 160°F
28900-002
PT07P-8-4P
MS-3114P8-4P
MS-3114P8-4P
PT07P8-4P
A-B
C-D
A-B
C-D
Blue
Red
Blue
Red
Close at 140°F
Close at 160°F
Close at 140°F
Close at 160°F
TCA-5
TCA-5-20-1
TCA-5C
TCA-5-20-1C
TCA-21-H-20, TCA-21H-1
28900-005
MS-3114P10-6P
PT07P10-6P
Blue
Red
28900-006
MS-3114P10-6P
PT07P10-6S
29084-001
PT07P-8-3P
29084-004
PT07P-8-3P
A-B
C-D
E-F
A-Link
B Link
C-Link
D-Link
E-F
A-B
B-C
A-B
B-C
Close at 140°F
Close at 160°F
1K Ohms at 77°F
Close at 140°F
Close at 140°F
Close at 160°F
Close at 160°F
1K Ohms at 77°F
49.9K Ohms Fixed Resistance
300K Ohms at 77°F
49.9K Ohms Fixed Resistance
300K Ohms at 77°F
29084-005
PT07P-8-3P
A-B
B-C
49.9K Ohms Fixed Resistance
300K Ohms at 77°F
29084-006
Bendix PT07P-8-3P
29084-007
Bendix PT07P-8-3P
A-B
B-C
A-B
B-C
49.9K Ohms Fixed Resistance
300K Ohms at 77°F
49.9K Ohms Fixed Resistance
300K Ohms at 77°F
28900-003
Blue
Blue
Red
Red
TSP-400-1, TSP-400
TSP-455
TSP-455-1, TSP-2860,
TSP-4460
STCA-16L
STCA-16L-2, TSP-420L,
STMA-5-20, GP-180, STSP400,
STSP-444L, STSP-403, STSP444
TSTSP-940, STCA-910,
STCA-930, STMA-9,
STCA-930A, STSP-901,
STMA-9C, STSP-930,
TPSTP-941, STSP-902L,
TSTCA-94
STMA-2
STSP-280
24-34-00
Page 402
MAY 10/11
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
Table 3 (Page 2 of 8)
TEMPERATURE SENSOR ASSY. SPEC
Part Number
Connector Type
Active Pins
Action
Battery Type
29090-001
Superseded by
29529-001
MS-3102R-14S-6P
M4S-LRN
29170-003
M4S-LRN
29283-001
Cannon
DFXB-8-34P
29376-001
CA 3102E24-12SB
29376-005
Cannon Type
3102E24-125B
29376-007
Cannon Type
3102E24-125B
29432-003
MS-3114P10-6P
195 Ohms
195 Ohms
25,000-35,000 Ohms
25,000-35,000 Ohms
Close at 148°F
Close at 168°F
Close at 148°F
Close at 168°F
Battery Voltage
23.4K Ohms
6.90-8.0 K Ohms
Closes at 140°F
Closes at 160°F
Battery Positive
Battery Negative
Battery Power A Positive C Negative
Close at 160°F
Close at 140°F
Battery Power A Positive C Negative
Close at 160°F
Close at 140°F
Close at 145°F
Close at 145°F
BTMA-5
29170-001
A-C
D-F
A-B
D-E
A/Yellow wire-conn link
C/Red wire-conn link
A/Yellow wire-Conn link
C/Red Wire –Conn link
1 or-2 & 7 or 8
1 & 2 or 5
7 & 8 or 5
D-Link Yellow
B-Link Red
A
C
A-C
B/Red wire-conn link
D/Yellow wire-conn link
A-C
B/Red wire-conn Link
D/Yellow wire-conn link
A-B
Blue
C-D
Yellow
29432-004
MS-3114P10-6P
29432-005
MS-3114E10-6P
29432-006
MS-3114P10-6P
29432-007
D38999/24WB5PN
A-B
C-D
A-B
C-D
A-B
C-D
A-B
C-D
Close at 160°F
Close at 145°F
Open at 160°F
Open at 140°F
Open at 160°F
Open at 140°F
Close at 160°F
Close at 147°F
Brown
White
Green
Orange
Blue
Yellow
Blue
Yellow
TCA-106
TCA-1754
TSP-1754
CA-154-3A
TCA-106-2
TCA-106-3
TCA-1753
TSP-1753
TSP-1755
CA-170A, CTMA-5-20C,
SP-170A, SP-170AL CA-170
TMA-5-20, TMA-5-20C, TMA5-20CXTSP-400X, TSP-419L,
TSP-40204B, TSP-44204B
TSP-410
TSP-410, TSP-925A
TSP-4410L
TSP-210
TSP-2840
24-34-00
Page 403
MAY 10/11
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
Table 3 (Page 3 of 8)
TEMPERATURE SENSOR ASSY. SPEC
Number
Connector Type
Active Pins
Action
Battery Type
29432-008
CANNON KPSE07E106P
29432-009
MS-3114E10-6P
MS-3114P10-6P
29432-011
CANNON KPSE07E106-P
29432-012
MS3114E8-3P
29432-015
MS3114E10-6P
29432-016
MS3114P10-6P
29432-017
MS-3114E10-6P
29432-018
MS-27474E10B-35P
Close at 135°F
Close at 160°F
28 VDC
B (Test) to A (Ground) Close at 158°F
D (Test) to F (Ground) Close at 140°F
28 VDC
Closes at 145°F
Closes at 145°F
Close at 160°F
Close at 160°F
Open at 160°F
Close at 140°F
Open at 160°F
Close at 145°F
Close at 160°F
Close at 145°F
Close at 160°F
Close at 160°F
Close at 160°F
Close at 145°F
28VDC
Close at 158°F
Close at 140°F
3K Ohms
C-Ground 4.99K Ohms Fixed
Close at 160°F
Not used
Close at 145°F
Close at 145°F
Close at 145°F
Close at 145°F
Open at 145°F
TSP-280
TSP-381L
TSP-9117B
TSP-9117BL
29432-010
A-B
C-D
C
B
D
E
B-C
E-F
A-B
C-D
E-F
A-C
B-C
A-B
C-D
A-B
C-D
A-B
C-D
E-F
1-3
5-2
4-6
A-B
CD-E
F
A-B
C-D
A-B
C-D
E-F
29432-019
MS3124E10-6P
29432-020
MS3114P10-6P
29432-022
MS 3114E10-6P
Yellow
Blue
Green
White
Yellow
Black
Blue
Yellow
Blue
Yellow
Green
Blue/Black
Yellow/Black
Blue
Yellow
Blue
Yellow
Blue
Yellow
Green
White
Red
Blue
Green
Blue
Yellow
TSP-1722
TSP-1722L
TSP-283
TSP-281
TSP-414
TSP-1728
TCA-1028
TTMA-5-20C
TSP-9117A
TSP-440LF
TCA-103C
TSP-1727
24-34-00
Page 404
MAY 10/11
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
Table 3 (Page 4 of 8)
TEMPERATURE SENSOR ASSY. SPEC
Part Number
Connector Type
Active Pins
Action
Battery Type
29432-029
MIL-C-38999
MIL-C-38999
29529-001/-002
MS3102R-14S-6P
30K Ohms @ Room Temp
Open @ Room Temp / Close @160°F
30K Ohms @ Room Temp
Open @ Room Temp / Close @160°F
Heater Element-appx. 100 Ohms
36K Ohms at 70°F
Heater element-appx. 100 Ohms
36K Ohms at 70°F
TSP-15
29432-030
1-2
3-4
1-2
3-4
A-C
B-C
D-F
E-F
29529-003
MS3102-14S-6P
29565-002
29565-003
29565-004
29573-001
29685-001
MS3474L-8-33P
MS-3474L-8-33P
MS3474L-8-33P
PT07P-8-3P
MS24265R10B5P
29783-001
KPT07P8-4P
29783-002
KPT07P8-4P
29783-003
KPT07P8-4P
B-C
E-F
B, C, E, F
A-B
A-B
A-B
A-B
1-2
4-5
A-B
C
D
A-B
C-D
A-B
C-D
36K Ohms at 70°F
36K Ohms at 70°F
Dielectric Test (pg.401)
Close at 145°F
Close at 145°F
Close at 135°F
200 Ohms at 140°F
Close at 120°F
Close at 90°F
200 Ohms at 140°F
Not used
Not used
200 Ohms at 140°F
200 Ohms at 140°F
166.4 Ohms at 70°F
166.4 Ohms at 70°F
29783-004
29817-003
M3-3474L8-33P
MS-3474W12-10SN
A-B
A
C
D-E
F
E-G
J
200 Ohms at 140°F
Battery Positive
Battery Positive through 1K Ohms
Close at 140⁰F
Battery Cell Balance Tap (1-9, 10-19)
Close at 140⁰F
Battery Negative
Red
Yellow
Orange
White
Orange
Black
TSP-25
BTSP-179, BTCA-5, BTCA-5-20,
BTSP-280, BTCA-400,
BTC-5-20C, BTCA-7, BTSP-444,
BTMA-5, BTSP-179, BTMA-5-20,
BTSP-400, BTSP-400L
BTSP-4445L
CA-376
SP-376, SP-376L
SP-276
ATCA-21H, ATSP-280-1
KTCA-747
ATCA-21H-1
ATCA-21H-2
ATSP-400, ATSP-400-2,
ATSP-44, ATSP-44L, ATSP-400L,
ATSP-380
ATSP900L-1
TMA-4
24-34-00
Page 405
JUL 11/14
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
Table 3 (Page 5 of 8)
TEMPERATURE SENSOR ASSY. SPEC
Part Number
Connector Type
Active Pins
Action
Battery Type
30320-001
A-B
A-C
1-3
Close at 160°F
Close at 160°F
Close at 160°F
TCA-14, TSP-380, TSP-440
30400-001
Bendix
PTS06DRL10-6S
31279-001
30465-002
MS-3114P10-6P
30727-001
PT07P-8-4P
B – Connector
D – Connector
A-D
A-C
N.O. Closes 140°F
N.O. Closes 160°F
Two Thermostats in Parallel
Close at 140°F
30920-001
MS-3474L10-6PN
30920-002
30920-003
MS-24265R10B5P
MS-3114-E-10-6P
A-C
D-F
1-2
A-B
C-D
Close at 158°F
Close at 158°F
Close at 147°F
Close at 135°F
Close at 158°F
30920-004
PT07P-8-4P
30920-008
PT07P-8-4P
30921-001
MS-3474L10-6PN
30921-002
MS-3474L10-6PN
30921-003
MS-27468P9A8P
A-B
C-D
A-B
C-D
A-C
D-F
A-B
C-D
A-C
30921-004
MS-27468P9A98P
A-C
30921-005
30921-006
30937-001
MS-3124E10-6P
MS-3114E10-6P
48-13R10-5P
C-D
C-D
1-2
3-4
White
Yellow
White
Yellow
White
Yellow
White
Blue
White
Yellow
Yellow
White
Black
White
Close at 140°F
Open at 158°F
Close at 140°F
Close at 158°F
Close at 158°F
Close at 158°F
Close at 135°F
Close at 158°F
2 Thermostats in Parallel
Close at 160°F
Two Thermostats in Parallel
Close at 160°F
Close at160°F
Close at 160°F
Close at 135°F
Close at 35°F
TCA-1735, TSP-1735, TSP1735L
TSP-1757
TCA-21H-2
TSP-963A
TSP-900A, TCA-900A
STCA-940A, TCA-940A, TSP940, TSP-940A, TSTCA-94,
TSTSP-940
TSP-900AT
L-39
L-59
TSP-463
SP-288
CTSP-400
CTSP-280
CTSP-440
CTCA-21H-1
CTSP-280-1
TSP-4412
SP-747
24-34-00
Page 406
JUL 11/14
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
Table 3 (Page 6 of 8)
TEMPERATURE SENSOR ASSY. SPEC
Part Number
Connector Type
Active Pins
Action
Battery Type
31023-001
MS-27474T10-F-5S
31029-001
JT07RP105S
(MS2747410F-5S)
JT07RP105S
(MS27474T10F-5S)
JT07RP105S
(MS27474T10F-5S)
JT07RP105S
(MS27474T10F-5S)
M83723 73R1212N
31044-001
M83723/73R1212N
31374-001
MS-3114P-8-4P
31581-001
MS-3114P14-5P
31581-002
MS-3114P14-5P
31628-001
MS-3102-14S-6P
Voltage-mid tap to battery
3K Ohms at 68°F
Voltage mid-tap to battery
3 K Ohms at 77°F
Voltage mid-tap to battery
3 K Ohms at 77°F
5 K Ohms to mid-tap of battery
3 K Ohms at 77°F
5 K Ohms to mid-tap of battery
3 K Ohms at 77°F
Interlock
Open at 154°F
2252 Ohms at 77°F
Pos. Battery voltage
3K Ohms at 77°F
Center voltage tap
Close at 145°F
Neg. Battery voltage
200 Ohms at 140°F
200 Ohms at 140°F
Closes at 160°F
Closes at 160°F
Closes at 160°F
Close at 160°F
Close at 160°F
Close at 160°F
Mid-Tap Battery
Open at 158°F
2.2 → 2.3K Ohms
UTSP-400, UTSP-460L
TSP-1760L
31023-002
A
B-C
A
B-C
A
B-C
A
B-C
A
B-C
4-6
8-9
11-12
1
2-4
7
9-11
12
A-B
C-D
A-B
C-D
C-E
A-B
C-D
C-E
A
C-D
E-F
31023-003
31023-005
31023-006
Orange
White
Orange
White
Orange
White
Orange
White
Orange
White
Yellow
Yellow
White
Red
White
Yellow
Green
Black
Black
Red
Red
Black
Red
Red
Black
Black
White
UTSP-460L
TSP-1760L
UTSP-460L-1
TSP-1760L-1
GTSP-400
TSP-464L
TSP-467L
ATSP-280
ATSP-280L
PTMA-5-20
PTSP-400
PTSP-400-1
TSP-400WB
24-34-00
Page 407
JUL 11/14
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
Table 3 (Page 7 of 8)
TEMPERATURE SENSOR ASSY. SPEC
Part Number
Connector Type
Active Pins
Action
Battery Type
31810-001
MS-3102R-14S-6P
MS3114P12-8P
31920-002
MS-3474W106P
Heater Element-appx. 100 Ohms
36K Ohms at 70°F
Heater element-appx. 100 Ohms
36K Ohms at 70°F
10.45V to 10.61V @ 25°C1K Ohms
@25°C
Close at 158°F
BTCA-9-20A
31851-001
A-C
B-C
D-F
E-F
C-E
G-+
C-D
32072-001
PT07P8-4P
32075-001
PT07P8-4P
32140-001
MS-3114E10-6P
32140-002
MS-3114E10-6P
32288-001
MS-3114E10-6P
32470-001
MS-3114P8-4P
32470-002
MS-3114P8-4P
32532-001
32532-002
32704-001
D38999/24FA98SN
D38999/24FA98SN
MS24264R12B-12SN
32819-001
32899-001
D38999/24FA98SN
MS3114-P8-4P
32899-002
MS3114-P8-4P
A-B
C-D
A-B
C-D
A-B
C-D
A-B
C-D
A-B
C-D
E-F
A-C
B-D
A-C
B-D
A-B
A-B
1
8-9
11-12
A-B
A-B
C-A
A-B
C-A
Red-Black
White/Blue
Green
Black
Red
Black
Red
Black
White
Black
White
White
Black
White
Black
TCA-52
Close at 140°F
Close at 158°F
Close at 140°F
Close at 158°F
300K Ohms at 77°F
Close at 160°F
300K Ohms at 77°F
Close at 160°F
Close at 135°F
Close at 160°F
91 Ohms at 32°F
Pin Combination
Close at 160°F
100 Ohms at 32°F Check Open all Pins
Except B-D
Close at 160°F
100 Ohms at 0°C
Close at 160°F
Close at 160°F
Interlock
Close at 155ºF
2252 Ohms at 77°F
Close at 160°F
Close at 160°F
Close at 160°F
Close at 160°F
Close at 160°F
DTSP-400L, DTSP-448L
DTSP-280L
TSP-447
TSP-177
TCA1742
TSP-1742
TSP-442
TSP-434
TSP-408L
TSP-408-L-1
TSP-1708L
TSP-4492L
TCA-1892L
TSP-46-1
TCA 2492L
TSP-409L-1
TCA-109L-1
TCA-1069L
24-34-00
Page 408
JUL 11/14
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
Table 3 (Page 8 of 8)
TEMPERATURE SENSOR ASSY. SPEC
Part Number
Connector Type
Active Pins
Action
Battery Type
32899-005
MS3114-P8-4P
A-B
A-C
Close at 160°F
Close at 160°F
TSP-1749L
White
Black
24-34-00
Page 409
JUL 11/14
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
5.0
CHARGE (CONSTANT CURRENT)
For batteries that are partially discharged, i.e., batteries received in for service, begin with STEP I
For batteries that are completely discharged, i.e., new batteries, batteries following capacity test, or deep
cycle, begin with STEP IA.
CELL VENTS SHOULD BE UNLOCKED DURING CHARGE.
STEP I
Connect battery to charging source and charge at the main charge rate until all cells are
1.55 volts or greater. This usually takes a short period of time.
IF CELL(S) ARE DRY, HIGH CELL VOLTAGE MAY OCCUR (1.76 VOLTS OR
GREATER). FIVE TO TEN CC’s OF DISTILLED OR DEMINERALIZED WATER
MAY BE ADDED TO EACH CELL.
When all cells are at 1.55 volts minimum, reduce charge current to the topping charge rate and
top charge for one hour. Adjust electrolyte during the final 15 minutes of the topping charge in
accordance with Paragraph 6.0. Upon completion of the topping charge, while still on charge, all
cell voltages must be from 1.55 volts minimum to 1.75 volts maximum.
−
−
−
If cell voltages are from 1.55 volts minimum to 1.75 volts maximum, proceed to Paragraph
7.0.
If cell voltages are greater than 1.75 volts, one reconditioning cycle should be performed. If
cell voltage is greater than 1.75 following the recharge, the cell should be replaced. Proceed
to Paragraph 8.0 for reconditioning or Paragraph 10.0 for cell replacement.
If any cell rises to 1.55 volts then decreases below 1.50 volts the cell must be replaced.
24-34-00
Page 501
APR15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
STEP IA
Connect battery to charging source and charge at the main charge rate a MINIMUM
of two and one-half (2½) hours and until all cells are 1.55 volts minimum.
IF CELL(S) ARE DRY, HIGH CELL VOLTAGE MAY OCCUR (1.76 VOLTS OR
GREATER). FIVE TO TEN CC’s OF DISTILLED OR DEMINERALIZED WATER MAY
BE ADDED TO EACH CELL.
After completion of the main charge with all cells at 1.55 volts minimum, reduce charge current to
the topping charge rate and top charge for two (2) hours. Adjust electrolyte level during the final
15 minutes of the topping charge in accordance with Paragraph 6.0. Upon completion of the
topping charge while still on charge, all cell voltages must be from 1.55 volts minimum to 1.75
volts maximum.
Or
For charging with a reflex charger, charge at the reflex charge rate for 1 hour followed by a
constant current topping charge for 2 hours. Adjust the electrolyte level during the final 15
minutes of the topping charge. The requirements below are applicable to the topping charge.
 If cell voltages are 1.55 volts to 1.75, proceed to Paragraph 7.0.
 If any cell voltage is greater than 1.75 volts, the cell must be replaced, proceed to Paragraph
10.0.
 If any cell voltage rises to 1.55 volts and then decreases below 1.50 volts, the cell must be
replaced, proceed to Paragraph 10.0.
 If any cell voltage fails to rise to above 1.50 volts, the cell must be replaced. See Paragraph
10.0
24-34-00
Page 502
APR15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
Reflex and Constant Current Charging Rates
CELL
REFLEX CHARGING
CONSTANT CURRENT CHARGING
TYPE
1 HOUR
REFLEX MODE
AMPS
MAIN CHARGE
AMPS
TOPPING CHARGE
AMPS
TRICKLE
CHARGE RATE
MILLIAMPS
3H120
6
1.8
0.8
6
5H120
10
3.2
1.3
10
10H120
20
6.5
2.6
20
12H120
24
7.5
3.0
24
12M220
24
7.5
3.0
24
14M220
28
8.5
3.4
28
15M220
26
8.5
3.4
26
15SP100
26
8.5
3.4
26
17H100
34
9.0
3.6
34
17SP100
34
9.0
3.6
34
18H120
34
9.0
3.6
34
20SPE100
40
14.0
5.6
40
20H120
40
11.0
4.4
40
24H100
48
13.0
5.2
48
24SP100
48
13.0
5.2
48
24H120
48
13.0
5.2
48
24M220
48
13.5
5.4
48
24ME220
48
13.5
5.4
48
25SP100
48
13.5
5.4
4.8
28SP100
56
15.0
6.0
56
36H120
80
21.0
8.4
80
38H100
76
23.0
9.2
76
38SP100
76
23.0
9.2
76
40SP100
80
23.0
9.2
80
40SP100L
80
23.0
9.2
80
44SP100
80
24.0
9.6
88
44SP100L
80
24.0
9.6
88
46SPE100
80
24.0
9.6
92
52H120C
80
30.0
12.0
104
65H132
80
32.5
13.0
120
81H120
80
42.5
17.0
160
TABLE 4
REFLEX and CONSTANT CURRENT CHARGE PROCEDURES
24-34-00
Page 503
JUL 11/14
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
6.0
ELECTROLYTE LEVEL ADJUSTMENT
During the last 15 minutes of the topping charge, and while the current is still flowing, the cells are at their
most uniform electrolyte level, and it is at this time that the electrolyte level can be most accurately
adjusted.
The electrolyte level should be adjusted using the syringe and appropriate nozzle (available in kit P/N
32480-001).
Electrolyte level adjustments must be made with distilled, deionized or demineralized water only
FIGURE 5
L1
SYRINGE AND NOZZLE ASSEMBLY
SYRINGE & NOZZLE ASSEMBLY
APPLICATION
TABLE 5
ITEM #1
SYRINGE
P/N
32415-001
ITEM #2
NOZZLE P/N
32479-001
NOZZLE
LENGTH
(L1)
7/8” (22mm)
NOZZLE
COLOR
Green
32479-002
1-1/16” (27 mm)
White
CELL TYPE
12H120, 12M220, 14M220, 15M220,
15SP100, 18H120, 20H120, 24M220,
24H120, 24H100, 24SP100, 25SP100,
28SP100, 36H120, 38H100, 38SP100,
40SP100, 44SP100,
40SP100L, 44SP100L, 52H120C
3H120, 5H120, 17SP100, 17H100,
46SPE100, 20SPE100
32479-003
5/8” (16 mm)
Blue
10H120, 65H132
32479-004
2” (51 mm)
Black
24ME220
Battery cells with aerobatic vents require special electrolyte adjustment procedures. Contact
MarathonNorco for further information.
24-34-00
Page 601
JUL 11/14
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
6.1
Electrolyte Level Adjustment Procedure
Insert the syringe with the appropriate nozzle into the cell opening until the shoulder of the nozzle
rests firmly on the “O” ring seat. Withdraw the plunger and check for any electrolyte in the
syringe. If the level is too low the syringe will remain empty. If the level is too high any excess
electrolyte will be drawn into the syringe until the level corresponds to the depth of the nozzle
insertion into the cell. The depth of the nozzle into the cell is the correct electrolyte level.
If the electrolyte level is too low (the syringe remained empty) draw 10 CC’s of distilled or
demineralized water into the syringe and inject it into the cell. Withdraw the plunger. If the
syringe remains empty continue injecting measured quantities of water into the cell to achieve the
correct level.
At the point where some excess electrolyte is drawn into the syringe the correct electrolyte level
for that cell has been achieved. Discharge any excess electrolyte.
The amount of water required to fill the first cell should serve as an indication of the quantity
required to fill the remaining cells. However, the electrolyte level must be independently adjusted
in each cell.
Check to see that the quantity of water added per cell does not exceed the maximum allowable
for that cell type in Table 5. If the water consumption is too high, the service interval may need to
be reduced and/or check the charging system or voltage regulator setting.
24-34-00
Page 602
APR 15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
TABLE 6
MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE WATER
CONSUMPTION
CELL TYPE
VOLUME (cc)
3H120
5H120
10H120
12M220
12H120
3.5
4.5
8.0
31.0
31.0
14M220
15M220
15SP100
17H100
17SP100
18H120
25.0
25.0
25.0
16.0
16.0
10.0
20SPE100
20H120
24M220
24H120
24ME220
24SP100
20.0
20.0
30.0
30.0
96.0
30.0
25SP100
28SP100
36M220
36H120
38H100
38SP100
30.0
24.0
37.0
37.0
78.0
78.0
40SP100
40SP100L
44SP100
44SP100L
46SPE100
34.0
75.0
34.0
34.0
85.0
52H120C
65H132
142.0
53.0
24-34-00
Page 603
JUL 11/14
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
L2
Proper Electrolyte Level Adjustment
FIGURE 6
24-34-00
Page 604
APR015/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
FIGURE 7
FIGURE 8
24-34-00
Page 605
JUL 11/14
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
7.0
CAPACITY TEST
If following a charge, a noticeable rise in battery temperature has occurred (warm to the hand) allow the
battery to cool prior to proceeding with capacity test. When battery is cool proceed with capacity test
(measure discharge versus time) using one of the following discharge rates:
−
−
C-rate for 51 minutes - 85% capacity requirement to minimum acceptable end voltage of 1.0 volts per
cell for in-service batteries.
C-rate for 60 minutes minimum for new batteries.
OR
−
−
7.1
C/2 rate for 103 minutes - 85% capacity requirements to minimum acceptable end voltage of 1.0 volts
per cell for in-service batteries.
C/2 rate for 120 minutes minimum for new batteries.
Interpretation of Capacity Test
If no cells have dropped below 1.0 volt before or at the end of the specified time, stop discharge.
The battery has successfully completed the capacity test.
If cells have dropped below 1.0 volt before or at the end of the specified capacity test time, do not
stop discharge. Battery must be reconditioned (deep cycled) according to Paragraph 8.0.
7.2
Boeing 100%
The following products for use on Boeing aircraft must meet C-Rate for 60 minutes or C/2 rate for
120 minutes on both new and in-service batteries.
7.3
MPTC Model
MPTC P/N
Boeing P/N
CA-27-20
28111-003
10-60707-9
CA-727-20
25582-003
10-60707-10
KCA-727-20
29069-002
10-60707-11
CA-27-20C
28111-004
10-60707-15
CA-727-20CR
25582-006
10-60707-16
KCA-727-20CR
29069-004
10-60707-17
CA-727-20
25582-003
10-60707-10
CA-727-20CR
25582-006
10-60707-16
TCA-109L-1 (32864-001) and TCA-1069L (33296-001)
These products must deliver 78 minutes to 20.0 V at a 10 amp rate for new batteries.
24-34-00
Page 701
JUL 11/14
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
Table 7
CAPACITY TEST AMPERES
Cell Type
3H120
5H120
10H120
12M220
12H120
14M220
15M220
15SP100
17H100
17SP100
18H120
20SPE100
20H120
24M220CR
24ME220
24H120
24SP100
25SP100
28SP100
36H120
38H100
38SP100
40SP100
40SP100L
44SP100
44SP100L
46SPE100
52H120C
65H132
81H120
“C” Rate
3
5
10
12
12
14
13
15
17
17
17
20
20
24
24
24
24
25
28
40
38
38
40
40
44
44
46
52
60
80
C/2 Rate
1.5
2.5
5.0
6.0
6.0
7.0
6.5
7.5
8.5
8.5
8.5
10.0
10.0
12.0
12.0
12.0
12.0
12.5
14.0
20.0
19.0
19.0
20.0
20.0
22.0
22.0
23.0
26.0
30.0
40.0
24-34-00
Page 702
JUL 11/14
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
8.0
RECONDITIONING
8.1
When reconditioning is required discharge the battery until cells reach 0.5 volts or less. Place a
short-out clip across each cell once it has reached 0.5 volts or less.
When all cells have a short-out clip attached, turn off discharge unit.
For reconditioning, allow battery to stand in a shorted condition for a minimum of 4 hours,
preferably overnight. See 8.2 below.
For long term storage, remove cell short out clips, short out battery at battery main connector and
place into storage.
8.2
Remove short-out clips and return to Paragraphs 5.0, Step 1A.
−
−
−
A severely unbalanced battery may need to be deep cycled as many as three times to restore its
capacity.
If after three (3) deep cycles some cells still have not had their capacity restored, these cells
should be replaced.
If 25% or more of the total number of cells within a battery are found to be defective, either at one
time or over a period of time, it is recommended that all cells be replaced.
24-34-00
Page 801
MAY 10/11
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
9.0
CLEANING
CAUTION:
Exercise extreme care when working around the battery. Do not use metal
brushes or metal brush supports. Remove rings and other metal jewelry from the
hands. Any of these may cause an electrical short which may result in skin burns
and damage to the battery.
The battery should be kept in a clean, dry state for optimum performance. The extent of the cleaning
process depends upon the condition of the battery. Several procedures are described in the following
paragraphs.
If heavy overcharging has occurred, gassing and spewing of electrolyte may cause a white powdery
substance, potassium carbonate, to form on top of the cells. This may be removed by brushing the cells
with a non-conductive stiff bristle brush or a clean cloth.
If necessary, the tops of the cells may be flushed with ordinary tap water (of low mineral content). Make
certain that all of the cell vent plugs are properly seated. Tip the battery at about a 45° angle with its
receptacle (or power connector) facing upward. Flush with water from the top of the battery in a
downward direction so as to prevent, as much as possible, any water from entering the battery can. It is
permissible to use a non-conductive bristle brush to clean away stubborn dirt particles. Any excess liquid
should be drained off and the battery permitted to dry. Drying may be accelerated by the use of oil-free
compressed air.
WARNING:
USE OF COMPRESSED AIR FOR CLEANING CAN CREATE AN ENVIRONMENT OF
PROPELLED FOREIGN PARTICLES WHICH MAY ENTER THE EYES AND CAUSE SERIOUS
INJURY. AIR PRESSURE FOR CLEANING SHALL NOT EXCEED 30 PSI. EFFECTIVE CHIP
GUARDING INCLUDING EYE PROTECTION IS REQUIRED.
CAUTION: THE WATER USED TO WASH THE CELLS OR BATTERY WILL BECOME CAUSTIC; AVOID
CONTACT WITH IT. DO NOT CLEAN WITH SOLVENTS, ACIDS OR ANY CHEMICAL
SOLUTION. THESE MAY DAMAGE THE CELL CASE AND HARDWARE.
24-34-00
Page 901
APR 15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
If the battery has liquid electrolyte on the top of the cells, drain off as much as possible, wash with
water, and air dry. If the electrolyte has overflowed to the extent that it has run down between the
cells, the battery should be completely discharged, disassembled, and completely cleaned before
reassembling.
1.
Disassembly -- Disassemble the battery as described in 11.0.
2.
With the vent valves in place and locked, wash the cells under running water. Do not allow the
wash water to enter the cell's interior.
3.
Dry the cells with clean absorbent toweling or with an air hose.
4.
Inspect each cell for cracks, holes or other defective condition. If any defects are found;
replace with new cells.
5.
Wash and clean all hardware to remove accumulated dirt and carbonate deposits. Heavy
deposits may be removed by scrubbing with a stiff bristle brush. Corrosion preventive greases
may be removed from connectors, screws, nuts, and washers by washing in alcohol or by
degreasing after they are removed from the cells.
6.
Allow all parts to dry thoroughly before reassembling.
7.
Inspect all parts and replace those that are damaged or heavily corroded. Replace connecting
straps that are burned, bent or have defective nickel plating. Polish tarnished connecting
straps with an eraser being careful not to remove the plating.
8.
Check the battery power receptacle for burns, cracks and bent or pitted terminals. Replace
defective receptacles. They can overheat, arc, depress battery voltage and cause premature
battery failure.
9.
Repair or replace damaged battery cases and covers, loose or damaged cover gaskets and
cell hold down bars.
10. Reassemble battery (See 11.0)
11. Clean vent caps (vent plugs). Use hot water to thoroughly wash vent assemblies.
24-34-00
Page 902
APR 15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
10.0
REPLACEMENT OF CELLS AND BATTERY REPAIR
10.1
Replacement of Damaged or Defective Cells
If a cell becomes contaminated, physically damaged, or is defective and must be
replaced, proceed as follows:
1. Discharge the entire battery as per Paragraphs 7.0 / 8.0, remove the shorting
clips.
2. Clean the battery (Paragraph 9.0)
3. Remove enough intercell connectors to permit the cell to be withdrawn from the
battery can.
4. Do not withdraw a cell from the battery unless a discharged or shorted
replacement cell is immediately available.
5. Withdraw the cell, using a cell puller. Always tighten the puller to the cell and pull
in a straight-up direction.
6. Insert the new (discharged) cell, making certain to insert the cell with the polarity
symbols in the right direction. (Cells are connected plus to minus). If the cell is
difficult to insert, apply a light coat of petroleum jelly or silicone grease to the
sides of the cell case before inserting.
7. Replace the intercell connectors, assembling the hardware finger tight.
CAUTION:
MarathonNorco battery cells and other components are specifically designed to perform as an
integral unit within the battery. Failure to use the proper replacement cells will change the
batteries internal resistance and adversely affect the batteries charge and discharge capabilities.
8. Torque the terminal connection to the values indicated in Table 2 using a
calibrated torque wrench.
9. Charge the battery in accordance with STEP IA.
24-34-00
Page 1001
MAY 10/11
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
10.2
Replacement of Damaged Power Connectors
In some battery types, the battery is provided with a special quick disconnect receptacle,
such as a type manufactured by Elcon or Cannon, or any of a number of MS type
receptacles. Should one of these become damaged, it will be necessary to replace it with
a replacement part obtained from your local MarathonNorco authorized distributor. Care
should be taken in the removal of this connector to preserve all the hardware and
gasketing, if possible, so that the new part may be installed properly.
To remove the connector, first remove those connections which go to the end cells in the
battery, thus reducing the possibility of a short circuit when the connector body is
removed from the battery can. All MarathonNorco batteries have the same hardware
arrangement for attaching the power connector to the battery as is used on the intercell
connectors. When installing the replacement part, it is necessary to consult Table 2 for
the torque values.
CAUTION: Use only cells, intercell connectors, power connectors and all other battery components that are
specified on the battery parts list for your battery. Failure to do so will result in imbalances between
the cells within the battery and could create a safety of flight issue.
24-34-00
Page 1002
MAY 10/11
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
11.0
BATTERY DISASSEMBLY AND REASSEMBLY
CAUTION:
Exercise care when working around the battery. Avoid the use of uninsulated tools - severe
arcing may result with possible harm to personnel and damage to the tools and a cell or cells in
the battery.
Rings, metal watchbands and identification bracelets should be removed. In contact with intercell
connectors of opposite polarity, metal objects may fuse themselves to the connectors and cause
severe skin burns. Keep flames away from the battery.
11.1
Battery Disassembly
Before disassembling the battery, make sure that all cells are completely discharged. This may
be accomplished as follows:
1. Discharge the battery to approximately 0.5 volts per cell, and attach shorting clips (Refer to
Paragraph 7.0 and Paragraph 8.0).
2. After all cells have been discharged, remove the shorting clips. Remove all intercell connecting
links. The cells may now be removed. Use a cell puller if necessary. When removing cells from
a battery. Always tighten the puller to the cell and use an even, straight-up pull.
11.2
Battery Reassembly
1. Lightly polish the cells’ terminal surfaces with an eraser and wipe clean.
2. Reassemble the cells into the battery can. Position the cells correctly with respect to polarity as
shown on the illustrated parts list (IPL) applicable to the particular battery being serviced. DO
NOT HAMMER TIGHT CELLS INTO THE BATTERY CAN: USE A STEADY FORCE ON THE
TERMINALS TO PRESS THEM INTO PLACE. FOR EASIEST ASSEMBLY, THE CELL AT THE
MIDDLE OF A ROW SHOULD BE INSERTED LAST.
3. Place intercell connectors, and other components, in their correct position as shown on the
Illustrated Parts List (IPL).
4. Install all hardware finger-tight.
CAUTION:
Use only cells, intercell connectors, power connectors and all other battery components that are
specified on the battery parts list for your battery. Failure to do so will result in imbalances
between the cells within the battery and could create a safety of flight issue.
24-34-00
Page 1101
MAY 10/11
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
Starting at the positive terminal of the battery, tighten each terminal screw to the torque specified in
Table 2.
CARE SHOULD BE TAKEN TO INSURE THAT THE TERMINAL SCREW IS NOT BINDING,
DUE TO THREAD DAMAGE, OR BOTTOMING, BUT IS ACTUALLY TIGHTENING THE
CONNECTOR. IMPROPER TORQUE MAY RESULT IN DAMAGE TO THE BATTERY.
Some batteries contain flat-sided washers as part of the terminal hardware. The flat side serves
as a visual indicator during torquing. During initial thread engagement the washer rotates, and
upon tightening, rotation stops. This indicates to the operator that the screw is tightened in the
terminal and was not binding or bottoming when the proper torque was reached.
It is good practice to follow the battery assembly IPL during final retightening as this is a good
double check of the correct electrical order. Do not skip around over cells; do not leave the job
partially completed and come back to it. Finish the complete battery reassembly once it is
started. Forgetting where the tightening job was stopped is a good way to miss a screw or nut.
One loose connection can permanently damage a battery and may cause an explosion.
24-34-00
Page 1102
APR 15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
12.0
Battery Maintenance Flow Chart
BATTERY MAINTENANCE FLOW CHART
New in
Service or
100%
Discharged
Received
In for
Service
Inspect
Sect 1.3
Inspect
Sect 1.3
Electrical
Leakage
Torque
Check
Sensor
Inspection
Sect 2.0
Sect 3.0
Sect 4.0
Electrical
Leakage
Torque
Check
Sensor
Inspection
Sect 2.0
Sect 3.0
Sect 4.0
Charge
Sect 5.0
Step 1
Step 1A
Cells
>
1.75 V
Cells
<
1.55 V
Cells
>
1.55 V
Recondition
Replace Per
Sect 10.0
Electrolyte
Level
Capacity
Test
Sect 6.0
Sect 7.0
Sect 8.0*
Cells
<
1.0 V
* See
Page
1202
Cells
>
1.0 V
Charge
Sect 5.0
Electrolyte
Level
Electrical
Leakage
Torque
Check
Sect 6.0
Sect 2.0
Sect 3.0
24-34-00
Return
To
Service
Page 1201
JUN 03/11
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
BATTERY RECONDITIONING FLOW CHART
Reconditioning
Cells
<
1.50V
Charge
See Note 1
Cycle 2 and 3
Sect. 8
Cells
>
1.75V
Sect. 5
Step 1A
Replace per
Sect 10
Replace per
Sect 10
Capacity
Test
<
Minimum
Capacity
Sect. 7
NOTES:
Charge
Sect. 5
Step 1A
1. A severely unbalanced battery may
need to be reconditioned as many as three
times to restore its capacity.
If after 3 reconditioning cycles, cells have
not had their capacity restored, these cells
should be replaced.
Electrolyte
Level
Sect. 6
Electrical
Leakage
Sect. 2
2. If 25% or more of the cells in a battery
are found to be electrically defective either
at one time or over a period of time, it is
recommended that all cells should be
replaced.
Torque
Check
Sect. 3
Return
To
Service
24-34-00
Page 1202
MAY 10/11
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
13.0
TROUBLE-SHOOTING
TROUBLE-SHOOTING HINTS
TROUBLE
APPARENT LOSS OF
CAPACITY
COMPLETE FAILURE TO
OPERATE
EXCESSIVE SPEWAGE OF
ELECTROLYTE
PROBABLE CAUSE
CORRECTIVE ACTION
Very common when recharging on a
constant potential bus, as in aircraft.
Usually indicates imbalance between
cells because of difference in
temperature, charge efficiency, selfdischarge rate, etc., in the cells.
RECONDITIONING WILL ALLEVIATE
THIS CONDITION.
Electrolyte level too low. Battery not
fully charged.
CHARGE. ADJUST ELECTROLYTE
LEVEL. CHECK AIRCRAFT VOLTAGE
REGULATOR. IF O.K., REDUCE
MAINTENANCE INTERVAL.
Use of unapproved cells and/or
components.
Defective connection in equipment
circuitry in which battery is installed such as broken lead, inoperative
relay or improper receptacle
installation.
REPLACE WITH APPROVED PARTS.
End terminal connector loose or
disengaged. Poor intercell
connections.
CLEAN AND RETIGHTEN HARDWARE
USING PROPER TORQUE VALUES.
Open circuit or dry cell.
REPLACE DEFECTIVE CELL
Use of unapproved cells and/or
components
High charge voltage
High temperature during charge
Electrolyte level too high
REPLACE WITH APPROVED PARTS.
Loose or damaged vent cap
CLEAN BATTERY, TIGHTEN OR
REPLACE CAP, CHARGE AND ADJUST
ELECTROLYTE LEVEL
Damaged cell and seal
SHORT OUT ALL CELLS TO 0 VOLTS,
CLEAN BATTERY, REPLACE
DEFECTIVE CELL, CHARGE AND
ADJUST ELECTROLYTE LEVEL.
CHECK AND CORRECT EXTERNAL
CIRCUITRY.
CLEAN BATTERY, CHARGE AND
ADJUST ELECTROLYTE LEVEL.
24-34-00
Page 1301
MAY 10/11
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
TROUBLE
PROBABLE CAUSE
CORRECTIVE ACTION
FAILURE OF ONE OR
MORE CELLS TO RISE TO
THE REQUIRED 1.55
VOLTS AT THE END OF
CHARGE.
Negative Electrode not fully charged.
Cellophane separator damage.
DISTORTION OF CELL
CASE TO COVER.
Overcharged, overdischarged, or
overheated cell with internal short.
DISCHARGE BATTERY AND
RECHARGE. IF THE CELL STILL FAILS
TO RISE TO 1.55 VOLTS OR IF THE
CELL'S VOLTAGE RISES TO 1.55
VOLTS OR ABOVE AND THEN DROPS,
REMOVE CELL AND REPLACE.
DISCHARGE BATTERY AND
DISASSEMBLE. REPLACE DEFECTIVE
CELL. RECONDITION BATTERY.
FOREIGN MATERIAL
WITHIN THE CELL CASE
FREQUENT ADDITION OF
WATER
CORROSION OF TOP
HARDWARE
DISCOLORED OR
BURNED END
CONNECTORS OR
INTERCELL
CONNECTORS
DISTORTION OF BATTERY
CASE AND/OR COVER
Plugged vent cap
REPLACE VENT CAP
Overheated battery
CHECK VOLTAGE REGULATOR:
TREAT BATTERY AS ABOVE,
REPLACING BATTERY CASE AND
COVER AND ALL OTHER DEFECTIVE
PARTS.
DISCHARGE BATTERY AND
DISASSEMBLE, REMOVE CELL AND
REPLACE, RECONDITION BATTERY.
RECONDITION BATTERY
Introduced into cell through addition
of impure water or water
contaminated with acid.
Cell out of balance
Damaged "O" ring, vent cap
Leaking cell
REPLACE DAMAGED PARTS.
DISCHARGE BATTERY AND
DISASSEMBLE.
REPLACE DEFECTIVE CELL,
RECONDITION BATTERY.
Charge voltage too high
Acid fumes or spray or other
corrosive atmosphere
ADJUST VOLTAGE REGULATOR
REPLACE PARTS. BATTERY SHOULD
BE KEPT CLEAN AND KEPT AWAY
FROM SUCH ENVIRONMENTS
CLEAN PARTS: REPLACE IF
NECESSARY. RETIGHTEN
HARDWARE USING PROPER TORQUE
VALUES. CHECK TO SEE THAT PARTS
ARE PROPERLY MATED.
DISCHARGE BATTERY AND
DISASSEMBLE REPLACE DAMAGED
PARTS AND RECONDITION.
Dirty connections
Loose connection
Improper mating of parts
Explosion caused by:
Dry cells
Charger failure
High charge voltage
Plugged vent caps
Loose intercell connectors
24-34-00
Page 1302
APR 15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
TROUBLE
CELL TO BATTERY CAN
LEAKAGE TO GROUND
DETECTED BY TESTING
FOAMING OF
ELECTROLYTE DURING
CHARGE
FALSE OR NO BATTERY
HIGH TEMPERATURE
INDICATION
PROBABLE CAUSE
CORRECTIVE ACTION
Excessive spewage
CLEAN BATTERY, CHARGE AND
ADJUST ELECTROLYTE LEVEL.
RECHECK FOR ELECTRICAL
LEAKAGE.
Damaged cell case to cover seal.
DISCHARGE BATTERY AND
DISASSEMBLE, REPLACE DEFECTIVE
CELL, RECONDITION BATTERY.
DISCHARGE BATTERY AND REPLACE
DEFECTIVE CELL.
Contaminant in electrolyte
Dirty connections
RECONDITION BATTERY. REPLACE
CELL THAT CONTINUES TO FOAM
CLEAN PARTS
Loose connections
Improper mating of parts
INSPECT AND RETIGHTEN
RECEPTACLE
Shorted thermistor or receptacle due
to KOH intrusion
REPLACE SENSOR ASSEMBLY
24-34-00
Page 1303
APR 15/06
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
14.0
STORAGE
14.1
Inactive Storage
Inactive storage is where the battery is stored for long periods of time. The battery should be stored in a
completely discharged, shorted out condition. (See Section 8.1). Nickel-cadmium batteries may be stored
in a non-corrosive atmosphere for an unlimited period at temperatures ranging from -65° to + 120°F; the
upper limit may be extended to + 160°F for up to two weeks.
14.2
Active Storage
Active storage is where a fully charged battery is stored temporarily prior to going into service. Nickelcadmium batteries will incur only a temporary loss of capacity during active storage. The charge retention
depends largely on the ambient temperature in which the battery is stored and the length of time in
storage. Charge retention is also affected by impurities in the electrolyte and electrical leakage from cells
to battery case. Storage at higher temperatures will result in a greater loss of charge; at low
temperatures, this loss will be much less.
Before placing a battery into active storage, the battery should be fully serviced and cleaned. Where
operation is required immediately after removal from active storage, proper cleaning is even more
important to avoid the possibility of contaminants creating conductive paths within the battery case and
increasing the self-discharge rate.
A properly serviced battery can be stored at temperatures between 60°F and 80°F for up to 90 days.
Beyond this time or temperature the battery should be serviced before being placed into service.
14.3
Extending Active Storage Shelf Life
If the battery is to be placed into an active storage condition, for longer periods, the battery should be
serviced then maintained in a fully charged condition by trickle charging, thus compensating for the
normal self discharge that occurs in the battery. Trickle charge rates are given in table 4 of this manual.
Batteries stored under this condition must be kept at a temperature between 60°F and 80°F. Maximum
trickle charge time prior to placement into service is one year. Beyond this time or temperature the
battery should be serviced before being returned to active storage or being placed into service.
NOTE: Trickle charge rates are critical. Charging at a rate greater or less than the
recommended rate can create significant problems.
24-34-00
Page 1401
MAY 10/11
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
15.0
SHIPPING
Shipments must conform to current IATA regulations (UN2795 or UN2800 as applicable). See the MSDS
for further information.
Current MSDS can be downloaded off the MarathonNorco Aerospace Website: www.mnaerospace.com.
24-34-00
Page 1501
MAY 10/11
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
16.0
WARRANTY INFORMATION
16.1
Product Warranty Registration
MarathonNorco Aerospace, Inc. includes a warranty registration card with the shipment of each
new vented nickel-cadmium battery. The warranty registration card must be validated by a
MarathonNorco Aerospace, Inc. authorized distributor/dealer, then filled out and mailed within 30
days of the date of purchase to MarathonNorco Aerospace, Inc.
24-34-00
Page 1601
JUL 25/11
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
17.0
SPECIAL TOOLS/RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT
17.1 Nickel-cadmium Battery Maintenance Kit
MarathonNorco Aerospace, Inc. has made available through distributors, a battery
maintenance kit (P/N 32480-001). Items contained within the kit are listed as
follows:
QTY
REQUIRED
1
5
1
22
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
17.2
DESCRIPTION
PART NO.
Case, Marked w/Pads
Short Out Resistor
Hex Bit Socket Size 3/16, 3/8 Drive
Discharge Clip
Cell Puller, Universal
Vent Wrench
Socket Bit (T-30)
Adapter, Syringe Tip Black
Adapter, Syringe Tip Blue
Adapter, Syringe Tip White
Adapter, Syringe Tip Green
Syringe, 20cc
32535-001
14000-001
33180-001
31379-001
32515-001
25624-001
30938-001
32479-004
32479-003
32479-002
32479-001
32415-001
Recommended Equipment
For charging and discharging batteries, MarathonNorco Aerospace, Inc
recommends a Christie RF80-M (123020-001) or RF80-K (121630-001 or -006) or
equivalent:
Charge:
Discharge:
50 VDC MAX; 65 A recommended
50 A MIN recommended
CAUTION: It is not recommended to operate charging equipment capable of greater than 50
VDC output. The EU and other international safety organizations require a voltage limit of
less than 50 VDC on battery chargers for operator safety.
24-34-00
Page 1701
NOV 9/12
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
18.0
Record Keeping
Associated with good maintenance practices is the keeping of accurate records. These records serve as
a verification of the maintenance procedure and provide information for establishing optimum servicing
schedules in keeping with individual usage of the battery.
Documentation of battery servicing is not only required for warranty consideration, it is vital to the proper
diagnosis of problems. Should a battery malfunction, its complete history will then be available to assist
in the determination of the problem. It must be remembered that a battery is a collection of cells and that
if only battery terminal voltages are observed, the problems with an individual cell may go undetected. A
strong cell will compensate for a weak cell, therefore, individual cell voltages must be observed and
recorded. The Battery Service Data Sheet on Page 1802 may be utilized for most nickel-cadmium service
requirements.
NOTE: In some organizations cell number 1 is the most positive. In other organizations cell
number 1 is the most negative. It is important that all people within an organization utilize the
same system when referring to cell positions
24-34-00
Page 1801
JUL 25/11
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
BATTERY SERVICE DATA SHEET
Work Order
Date
___________
___________
Page _______ of _______
__________
__________
Battery S/N
Battery Type
Aircraft Type
Aircraft No
__________
__________
___________
___________
Hours in Service
Service Performed by
SPECIFICATIONS
Cap. Test Amps
___________
___________
Main Chg. Amps
Top Chg. Amps
Sensor
___________
___________
Torque in Lbs.
________________________
INSPECTIONS
Initial Visual
Elect. Leakage
___________
___________
___________
___________
Torque
Connector(s)
___________
___________
Vents
Sensor
Deep Cycle No
Final Inspection
________________
________________
TESTS
MAIN CHARGE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
30 Minutes
Time to 1.55V
Initial H2O CCs
TOP CHARGE
15 Minutes
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
30 Minutes
60 Minutes
90 Minutes
120 Minutes
Initial H2O CCs
CAPACITY
15/30 Minutes
30/60 Minutes
45/90 Minutes
51/120 Minutes
Approved for service
Date
24-34-00
Page 1802
JUL 25/11
MARATHONNORCO AEROSPACE, INC.
NICKEL-CADMIUM AIRCRAFT BATTERIES
24-34-00
Page 1803
JUL 25/11