Yamaha RAPTOR YFM660RP Owner`s manual

READ THIS MANUAL CAREFULLY!
It contains important safety information.
OWNER’S MANUAL
YFM660RP
WARNING
LIT-11626-15-31
This ATV should not be ridden by anyone under 16 years of age.
5LP-28199-11
EBU00776
EBU00923
INTRODUCTION
1-
Congratulations on your purchase of the Yamaha YFM660R. It represents the result of many
years of Yamaha experience in the production of fine sporting, touring, and pacesetting racing
machines. With the purchase of this Yamaha, you can now appreciate the high degree of craftsmanship and reliability that have made Yamaha a leader in these fields. This manual will provide
you with a good basic understanding of the features and operation of this machine. This manual
includes important safety information. It provides information about special techniques
and skills necessary to ride your machine. It also includes basic maintenance and inspection procedures. If you have any questions regarding the operation or maintenance of your machine, please consult a Yamaha dealer.
AN IMPORTANT SAFETY MESSAGE:
● READ THIS MANUAL TOGETHER WITH TIPS FOR THE ATV RIDER CAREFULLY AND
COMPLETELY BEFORE OPERATING YOUR MACHINE. MAKE SURE YOU UNDERSTAND
ALL INSTRUCTIONS.
● PAY CLOSE ATTENTION TO THE WARNING AND CAUTION LABELS ON THE MACHINE.
● NEVER OPERATE AN ATV WITHOUT PROPER TRAINING OR INSTRUCTION. FREE
TRAINING IS AVAILABLE TO ANYONE WHO BUYS A NEW ATV. CALL 1-800-887-2887
FOR MORE INFORMATION.
● THIS ATV, AND ANY OTHER ATV OVER 90cc, SHOULD NOT BE RIDDEN BY ANYONE
UNDER 16 YEARS OF AGE.
● THIS ATV IS A HIGH PERFORMANCE ATV FOR OFF-ROAD USE ONLY, FOR SPORT
TYPE RECREATIONAL AND COMPETITIVE USE BY EXPERIENCED OPERATORS.
EBU00801
IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
FAILURE TO FOLLOW THE WARNINGS CONTAINED IN THIS MANUAL CAN RESULT IN
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations:
The Safety Alert Symbol means ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT!
YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED!
WARNING
CAUTION:
NOTE:
Failure to follow WARNING instructions could result in severe injury or death to the machine operator, a bystander or a person inspecting or repairing the machine.
A CAUTION indicates special precautions that must be taken to
avoid damage to the machine.
A NOTE provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.
EBU00011
IMPORTANT NOTICE
This machine is designed and manufactured for OFF-ROAD use only. It is illegal and unsafe to
operate this machine on any public street, road or highway.
This machine complies with all applicable OFF-ROAD noise level and spark arrester laws and
regulations in effect at the time of manufacture.
Please check your local riding laws and regulations before operating this machine.
EBU00981
AFFIX DEALER
LABEL HERE
YFM660RP
OWNER’S MANUAL
©2001 by Yamaha Motor Corporation,
U.S.A.
1st edition, July 2001
All rights reserved.
Any reprinting or unauthorized use
without the written permission
of Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
is expressly prohibited.
Printed in Japan.
P/N LIT-11626-15-31
EBU00014
WARNING
Indicates a potential hazard that could
result in serious injury or death.
CONTENTS
1
LOCATION OF THE WARNING
AND SPECIFICATION LABELS....... 1-1
2
SAFETY INFORMATION.................. 2-1
3
DESCRIPTION AND MACHINE
IDENTIFICATION ............................. 3-1
Identification number records.......... 3-2
Key identification number................ 3-2
Vehicle identification number .......... 3-3
Model label ...................................... 3-3
4
CONTROL FUNCTIONS...................4-1
Main switch ......................................4-1
Indicator and warning lights .............4-2
Handlebar switches .........................4-4
Throttle lever ....................................4-6
Speed limiter ....................................4-7
Clutch lever ......................................4-8
Brake lever.......................................4-8
Brake pedal......................................4-9
Parking brake.................................4-10
Shift pedal ......................................4-11
Reverse knob.................................4-12
Fuel tank cap .................................4-12
Fuel cock........................................4-13
Starter (choke) ...............................4-14
Seat................................................4-14
Front shock absorber
adjustment ...................................4-16
Rear shock absorber
adjustment ...................................4-17
5
6
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS ........... 5-1
Front and rear brakes ..................... 5-3
Fuel ................................................. 5-4
Engine oil ........................................ 5-6
Coolant............................................ 5-7
Chain............................................... 5-8
Throttle lever ................................... 5-8
Fittings and Fasteners .................... 5-8
Lights............................................... 5-8
Switches.......................................... 5-8
Tires ................................................ 5-9
How to measure tire pressure....... 5-10
Tire wear limit................................ 5-11
OPERATION..................................... 6-1
Starting a cold engine ..................... 6-1
Starting a warm engine................... 6-4
Warming up..................................... 6-4
Reverse knob operation and
reverse driving............................... 6-5
Shifting ............................................ 6-6
To start out and accelerate ............. 6-7
To decelerate .................................. 6-8
Engine break-in ............................... 6-9
Parking........................................... 6-10
Parking on a slope......................... 6-11
Accessories and loading ............... 6-12
7
RIDING YOUR ATV .......................... 7-1
Getting to know your ATV ............... 7-3
Ride with care and good
judgement...................................... 7-4
Be careful where you ride.............. 7-16
Turning your ATV .......................... 7-23
Climbing uphill ............................... 7-25
Riding downhill .............................. 7-30
Crossing a slope............................ 7-32
Crossing through shallow water .... 7-34
Riding over rough terrain............... 7-36
Sliding and skidding....................... 7-38
What to do if .................................. 7-40
What to do ... ................................. 7-40
8
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND
ADJUSTMENT.................................. 8-1
Owner’s manual and tool kit............ 8-1
Periodic maintenance/
lubrication ...................................... 8-3
Panel removal and installation ........ 8-5
Engine oil and oil filter cartridge ...... 8-6
Cooling system.............................. 8-11
Changing the coolant .................... 8-12
Spark plug inspection.................... 8-15
Air filter element cleaning.............. 8-17
Spark arrester cleaning ................. 8-20
Carburetor adjustment................... 8-21
Idle speed adjustment ................... 8-22
Valve clearance adjustment .......... 8-23
Throttle lever adjustment............... 8-23
Front and rear brake pad
inspection .................................... 8-24
Inspecting the brake fluid level...... 8-24
Brake fluid replacement................. 8-26
Front brake adjustment ................. 8-27
Rear brake adjustment.................. 8-28
Parking brake adjustment..............8-29
Adjusting the rear brake light
switch ...........................................8-31
Clutch lever free play
adjustment ...................................8-31
Drive chain slack check .................8-33
Drive chain slack adjustment.........8-33
Lubricating the drive chain.............8-35
Cable inspection and lubrication....8-36
Brake and shift pedal/brake and
clutch lever lubrication .................8-36
Front upper and lower arm pivot
lubrication.....................................8-37
Rear arm pivot lubrication..............8-38
Wheel removal...............................8-39
Wheel installation...........................8-40
Battery............................................8-41
Battery maintenance......................8-42
Fuse replacement ..........................8-42
Replacing a headlight bulb ............8-43
Tail/brake light bulb
replacement .................................8-48
Troubleshooting ............................ 8-49
Troubleshooting charts ................. 8-50
9
CLEANING AND STORAGE............ 9-1
A. Cleaning...................................... 9-1
B. Storage ....................................... 9-3
10
SPECIFICATIONS.......................... 10-1
11
NOISE REGULATION.................... 11-1
12
MAINTENANCE RECORD ............ 12-1
13
ATV LIMITED WARRANTY ........... 13-1
14
YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE
(Y.E.S.) .......................................... 14-1
EBU00464
LOCATION OF THE WARNING AND
SPECIFICATION LABELS
1-1
2
Read and understand all of the labels on your
machine. They contain important information
for safe and proper operation of your ATV.
1
2
3
Never remove any labels from your ATV. If a
label becomes difficult to read or comes off, a
replacement label is available from your
Yamaha dealer.
4
5
6
1
7
WARNING
8
UNDER
9
10
11
Operating this ATV if you are under
the age of 16 increases your chance
of severe injury or death.
12
NEVER operate this ATV if you are
under age 16.
13
14
5FE-21697-01
1-2
3
5
4
1-3
EBU00924
SAFETY INFORMATION
1
2
AN ATV IS NOT A TOY AND CAN BE HAZARDOUS TO OPERATE. An ATV handles differently
from other vehicles including motorcycles and cars. A collision or rollover can occur quickly, even
during routine maneuvers such as turning and riding on hills or over obstacles, if you fail to take
proper precautions.
SEVERE INJURY OR DEATH can result if you do not follow these instructions:
● Read this manual and all labels carefully and follow the operating procedures described.
● Never operate an ATV without proper training or instruction. Take a Training Course.
Beginners should receive training from a certified instructor. Contact an authorized ATV dealer
or call 1-800-887-2887 to find out about the training courses nearest you.
● Always follow the age recommendation:
- A child under 16 years old should never operate an ATV with engine size greater than 90cc.
● Never allow a child under age 16 to operate an ATV without adult supervision, and never allow
continued use of an ATV by a child if he or she does not have the abilities to operate it safely.
● Never carry passenger on an ATV.
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
2-1
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Always avoid operating an ATV on any paved surfaces, including sidewalks, driveways, parking lots and streets.
Never operate an ATV on any public street, road or highway, even a dirt or gravel one.
Never operate an ATV without wearing an approved motorcycle helmet that fits properly. You
should also wear eye protection (goggles or face shield), gloves, boots, long-sleeved shirt or
jacket, and long pants.
Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while operating this ATV.
Never operate at speeds too fast for your skills or the conditions. Always go at a speed that is
proper for the terrain, visibility and operating conditions, and your experience.
Never attempt wheelies, jumps, or other stunts.
Always inspect your ATV each time you use it to make sure it is in safe operating condition. Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures and schedules described in this manual.
Always keep both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the footboards of the ATV during
operation.
Always go slowly and be extra careful when operating on unfamiliar terrain. Always be alert to
changing terrain conditions when operating the ATV.
Never operate on excessively rough, slippery or loose terrain until you have learned and practiced the skills necessary to control the ATV on such terrain. Always be especially cautious on
these kinds of terrain.
2-2
●
●
●
●
●
Always follow proper procedures for turning as described in this manual. Practice turning at low
speeds before attempting to turn at faster speeds. Do not turn at excessive speed.
Never operate the ATV on hills too steep for the ATV or for your abilities. Practice on smaller
hills before attempting larger hills.
Always follow proper procedures for climbing hills as described in this manual. Check the terrain carefully before you start up any hill. Never climb hills with excessively slippery or loose
surfaces. Shift your weight forward. Never open the throttle suddenly or make sudden gear
changes. Never go over the top of a hill at high speed.
Always follow proper procedures for going down hills and for braking on hills as described in
this manual. Check the terrain carefully before you start down any hill. Shift your weight backward. Never go down a hill at high speed. Avoid going down a hill at an angle that would cause
the vehicle to lean sharply to one side. Go straight down the hill where possible.
Always follow proper procedures for crossing the side of a hill as described in this manual.
Avoid hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight to the uphill side of the
ATV. Never attempt to turn the ATV around on any hill until you have mastered the turning
technique described in this manual on level ground. Avoid crossing the side of a steep hill if
possible.
2-3
●
●
●
●
●
Always use proper procedures if you stall or roll backwards when climbing a hill. To avoid stalling, use proper gear and maintain a steady speed when climbing a hill. If you stall or roll backwards, follow the special procedure for braking described in this manual. Dismount on the
uphill side or to a side if pointed straight uphill. Turn the ATV around and remount, following the
procedure described in this manual.
Always check for obstacles before operating in a new area.
Never attempt to operate over large obstacles, such as large rocks or fallen trees. Always follow proper procedures when operating over obstacles as described in this manual.
Always be careful when skidding or sliding. Learn to safely control skidding or sliding by practicing at low speeds and on level, smooth terrain. On extremely slippery surfaces, such as ice,
go slowly and be very cautious in order to reduce the chance of skidding or sliding out of control.
Never operate an ATV in fast flowing water or in water deeper than that recommended in this
manual. Remember that wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability. Test your brakes after
leaving water. If necessary, apply them several times to let friction dry out the linings.
Always be sure there are no obstacles or people behind you when you operate in reverse.
When it is safe to proceed in reverse, go slowly.
2-4
●
●
●
●
Always use the size and type tires specified in this manual.
Always maintain proper tire pressure as described in this manual.
Never modify an ATV through improper installation or use of accessories.
Never exceed the stated load capacity for an ATV. Cargo should be properly distributed and
securely attached. Reduce speed and follow instructions in this manual for carrying cargo or
pulling a trailer. Allow greater distance for braking.
FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT ATV SAFETY, call the Consumer Products Safety Commission at 1-800-638-2772, or the ATV Distributor’s Safety Hotline at 1-800-852-5344.
2-5
WARNING
When transporting the ATV in another
vehicle, be sure it is kept upright and
that the fuel cock is in the “OFF” position. Otherwise, fuel may leak out of the
carburetor or fuel tank.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Gasoline is poisonous and can cause
injuries.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
If you should swallow some gasoline or
inhale a lot of gasoline vapor, or get
some gasoline in your eyes, see your
doctor immediately. If gasoline spills on
your skin, wash with soap and water. If
gasoline spills on your clothing, change
your clothes.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper handling of gasoline.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Gasoline can catch fire and you could
be burned.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always turn off the engine when refueling. Do not refuel right after the engine
has been running and is still very hot.
Do not spill gasoline on the engine or
exhaust pipe/muffler when refueling.
Never refuel while smoking, or while in
the vicinity of sparks, open flames, or
other sources of ignition such as the pilot lights of water heaters and clothes
dryers.
2-6
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Starting or running the engine in a
closed area.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Exhaust fumes are poisonous and may
cause loss of consciousness and death
within a short time.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always operate your ATV in an area with
adequate ventilation.
2-7
EBU00032
DESCRIPTION AND MACHINE IDENTIFICATION
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Spark arrester
Seat
Fuel tank cap
Engine oil tank
Brake pedal
Headlight
Fuel cock
Throttle stop screw
Coolant reservoir
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
Tail/brake light
Shift pedal
Clutch lever
Handlebar switches
Parking brake
Main switch
Reverse knob
Throttle lever
Brake lever
NOTE:
The machine you have purchased may differ
slightly from those shown in the figures of this
manual.
3-1
EBU00600
EBU00035
Identification number records
Record the key identification number, vehicle
identification number and model label information in the spaces provided for assistance
when ordering spare parts from a Yamaha
dealer or for reference in case the vehicle is
stolen.
1. KEY IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
Key identification number
The key identification number is stamped on
the key as shown in the following illustration.
This number can be used for ordering a new
key.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
2. VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
9
10
1. Key identification number
11
12
3. MODEL LABEL INFORMATION:
13
14
3-2
EBU00036
EBU00787
Vehicle identification number
The vehicle identification number is stamped
into the frame.
Model label
The model label is affixed to the location in the
illustration. Record the information on this label in the space provided. This information will
be needed to order spare parts from your
Yamaha dealer.
1. Vehicle identification number
NOTE:
The vehicle identification number is used to
identify your machine.
1. Model label
3-3
EBU00039
CONTROL FUNCTIONS
1
WARNING
2
Indicates a potential hazard that could
result in serious injury or death.
3
4
EBU00942
5
Main switch
Functions of the respective switch positions
are as follows:
ON:
The engine can be started only at this position
and the headlights and taillight come on when
the light switch is on.
OFF:
All electrical circuits are switched off. The key
can be removed in this position.
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
4-1
EBU00802
EBU00713
Indicator and warning lights
Coolant temperature warning light “ ”
When the coolant temperature reaches a
specified level, this light comes on to warn
that the coolant temperature is too hot. If the
light comes on during operation, stop the engine as soon as it is safe to do so and allow
the engine to cool down for about 10 minutes.
The coolant temperature warning light circuit
can be checked according to the procedure
on page 4-3.
1. Reverse indicator light “R”
2. Neutral indicator light “N”
3. Coolant temperature warning light “
CAUTION:
●
”
EBU00602
●
Reverse indicator light “R”
This indicator light comes on when the transmission is in reverse.
EBU00603
Neutral indicator light “N”
This indicator light comes on when the transmission is in neutral.
4-2
The engine may overheat if the ATV is
overloaded. If this happens, reduce
the load to specification.
Restart after making sure that the light
is out. Continuous use while the light
is on may cause damage to the engine.
EBU00714
Coolant temperature warning light checking method
ACB-09E
Turn the main switch to “ON” and
the engine stop switch to “
”.
Coolant temperature warning
light does not come on.
Coolant temperature
warning light comes on.
Push the start switch with the
transmission in the neutral position.
Coolant temperature
warning light comes on
momentarily.
Coolant temperature
warning light does not
come on.
Coolant temperature and
electrical circuit are OK. Go
ahead with riding.
Ask a Yamaha dealer to
inspect the electrical circuit.
4-3
EBU00053
Handlebar switches
CAUTION:
_
Do not use the headlights with the engine
turned off for more than thirty minutes.
The battery may discharge to the point
that the starter motor will not operate
properly. If this should happen, remove
the battery and recharge it.
_
EBU00849
1. Light switch “OFF/
/
2. Engine stop switch “ /
3. Start switch “ ”
Engine stop switch “ / ”
Make sure that the engine stop switch is in the
“ ” position. The engine stop switch controls
ignition and can be used at all times to stop
the engine, especially in an emergency. The
engine will not start or run when the engine
stop switch is turned to “ ”.
”
”
EBU01009
Light switch “OFF/
/
”
Turn the switch to the “
” position to switch
on the low beam and the taillight.
Turn the switch to the “
” position to switch
on the high beam and the taillight.
Turn the switch to the “OFF” position to switch
off the headlights and the taillight.
4-4
EBU00607
Start switch “ ”
The starter motor cranks the engine when this
switch is pushed.
CAUTION:
See starting instructions prior to starting
the engine. (See page 6-1 for details.)
4-5
EBU00062
Throttle lever
Once the engine is running, movement of the
throttle lever will increase the engine speed.
Regulate the speed of the machine by varying
the throttle position. Because the throttle is
spring-loaded, the machine will decelerate,
and the engine will return to an idle any time
the hand is removed from the throttle lever.
Before starting the engine, check the throttle
to be sure it is operating smoothly. Make sure
it returns to the idle position as soon as the lever is released.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Malfunction of throttle.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The throttle could be hard to operate,
making it difficult to speed up or slow
down when you need to. This could
cause an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Check the operation of the throttle lever
before you start the engine. If it does not
work smoothly, check for the cause.
Correct the problem before riding the
ATV. Consult a Yamaha dealer if you
can’t find or solve the problem yourself.
1. Throttle lever
4-6
EBU00066
Speed limiter
The speed limiter keeps the throttle from fully
opening, even when the throttle lever is
pushed to the maximum. Screwing in the adjuster limits the maximum engine power available and decreases the maximum speed of
the ATV.
1. Locknut
2. Adjuster
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper adjustment of the speed limiter and throttle.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The throttle cable could be damaged.
Improper throttle operation could result.
You could lose control, have an accident or be injured.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Do not turn the speed adjuster out more
than 12 mm (0.47 in). Always make sure
the throttle lever free play is adjusted to
3 ~ 5 mm (0.12 ~ 0.20 in). See page 8-23.
a. 12 mm (0.47 in)
4-7
EBU00069
EBU00988
Clutch lever
The clutch lever is located on the left handlebar and the ignition circuit cut-off system is incorporated in the clutch lever holder. Pull the
clutch lever to the handlebar to disengage the
clutch, and release the lever to engage the
clutch. The lever should be pulled rapidly and
released slowly for smooth clutch operation.
(Refer to “Starting a cold engine” for a description of the ignition circuit cut-off system.)
Brake lever
The brake lever is located on the right handlebar. Pull it toward the handlebar to apply the
front brake.
1. Brake lever
1. Clutch lever
4-8
EBU00989
Brake pedal
The brake pedal is located on the right side of
the machine. Push down on the pedal to apply
the rear brake.
1. Brake pedal
4-9
EBU00080
Parking brake
Use the parking brake when you have to start
the engine or park the machine, especially on
a slope. Squeeze the clutch lever while pushing the button, then push in the lock plate to
apply the parking brake. Squeeze the clutch
lever to release the parking brake.
NOTE:
When the parking brake is used, engine
speed is limited to 2,300 r/min. Be sure the
parking brake is released before moving the
throttle lever. Otherwise, the engine will misfire, preventing normal operation.
1. Button
1. Locked position
4-10
2. Lock plate
EBU00788
Shift pedal
This machine is equipped with a constantmesh 5-speed forward and 1-speed reverse
transmission. The shift pedal is located on the
left side of the engine and is used in combination with the clutch when shifting.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper use of the parking brake.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The ATV could start moving unexpectedly if the parking brake is not applied
before starting the engine. This could
cause loss of control or a collision.
The brake disc could overheat if you
ride the ATV without releasing the parking brake. You could lose braking performance which could cause an
accident. You could also wear out the
brakes prematurely.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always set the parking brake before
starting the engine.
Always be sure you have released the
parking brake before you begin to ride.
1. Shift pedal
4-11
EBU00747*
EBU00092
Reverse knob “REV”
The reverse knob is used to shift into reverse
gear.
Refer to the “Reverse knob operation and reverse driving” section (page 6-5) before operating this machine in reverse gear.
Fuel tank cap
Remove the fuel tank cap by turning it counterclockwise.
1. Fuel tank cap
1. Reverse knob “REV”
4-12
EBU00093
Fuel cock
The fuel cock supplies fuel from the fuel tank
to the carburetor.
The fuel cock has three positions.
OFF: With the lever in this position, fuel will
not flow. Always turn the lever to this
position when the engine is not running.
ON: With the lever in this position, fuel flows
to the carburetor. Normal riding is done
with the lever in this position.
RES: This indicates reserve. If you run out of
fuel while riding, turn the lever to this
position. THEN FILL THE FUEL TANK
AT THE FIRST OPPORTUNITY. After
refuelling, return the fuel cock lever to
the “ON” position.
4-13
EBU00095
EBU01010
Starter (choke) “ ”
Starting a cold engine requires a richer air-fuel
mixture. A separate starter circuit supplies this
mixture.
Move in direction a to turn on the starter
(choke).
Move in direction b to turn off the starter
(choke).
Refer to “Starting a cold engine” for proper operation. (See page 6-1.)
Seat
To remove the seat, insert your hand between
the rear of the seat and the rear fender, pull
the seat lock lever upward and pull up the
seat at the rear.
1. Seat lock lever
1. Starter (choke) “
”
4-14
To install the seat, insert the projections on
the front of the seat into the seat holders and
push down on the seat at the rear.
NOTE:
Make sure that the seat is securely fitted.
_
_
1. Projection (× 2)
2. Seat holder (× 2)
4-15
EBU01011
Front shock absorber adjustment
The spring preload can be adjusted to suit the
rider’s weight and riding conditions.
Adjust the spring preload as follows:
To increase the spring preload, turn the adjusting ring in direction a.
To decrease the spring preload, turn the adjusting ring in direction b.
Standard position: C
A - Minimum (Soft)
E - Maximum (Hard)
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper shock absorber adjustment.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Uneven adjustment can cause poor
handling and loss of stability, which
could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always adjust the shock absorbers on
the left and right side to the same setting.
1. Adjusting ring
NOTE:
A special wrench can be obtained at a
Yamaha dealer.
_
_
4-16
EBU01012*
Rear shock absorber adjustment
The spring preload, rebound damping and
compression damping forces of the rear
shock absorber can be adjusted to suit the rider’s weight and the riding conditions.
Adjust the spring preload as follows.
1. Loosen the locknut.
2. Turn the adjusting nut in direction a to
increase the spring preload and in direction b to decrease the spring preload.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
This shock absorber contains highly
pressurized nitrogen gas.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The shock absorber could explode,
causing injury or property damage.
Cylinder damage could also result in poor
handling which could cause an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
● Do not tamper with or attempt to open
the cylinder assembly.
● Do not subject the shock absorber to
an open flame or other high heat.
● Do not deform or damage the cylinder
in any way.
● Do not dispose of a damaged or worn
out shock absorber yourself. Take the
unit to a Yamaha dealer.
1. Adjusting nut
2. Locknut
3. Special wrench
NOTE:
A special wrench can be obtained at a
Yamaha dealer.
_
_
4-17
3. The length of the spring (installed)
changes 1.5 mm (0.06 in) per turn of the
adjusting nut.
4. Tighten the locknut to the specified
torque.
Tightening torque:
42 Nm (4.2 m·kgf, 30 ft·lb)
Measurement A:
Installed length:
Minimum (hard):
232 mm (9.1 in)
Standard:
240 mm (9.4 in)
Maximum (soft):
247 mm (9.7 in)
A. Spring length
CAUTION:
_
Always tighten the locknut against the
spring adjusting nut and tighten it to the
specified torque.
_
4-18
Adjust the rebound damping force as follows.
Turn the rebound damping force adjusting
screw in direction a to increase the rebound
damping force and in direction b to decrease
the rebound damping force.
Adjust the compression damping force as follows.
Turn the compression damping force adjusting screw in direction a to increase the compression damping force and in direction b to
decrease the compression damping force.
1. Rebound damping force adjusting screw
1. Compression damping force adjusting screw
From the fully turned-in position
Minimum (soft): 20 clicks out
Standard: 10 clicks out
Maximum (hard): 3 clicks out
From the fully turned-out position
Minimum (soft): 1 click in
Standard: 7 clicks in
Maximum (hard): 12 clicks in
4-19
CAUTION:
WARNING
_
Never turn an adjusting mechanism beyond the minimum and maximum settings.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Suspension components become hot
during operation.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could be burned.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never touch the compression damping
adjuster, rebound damping adjuster or
oil reservoir with your bare hand or skin
until suspension components have
cooled.
_
NOTE:
Although the total number of clicks of a damping force adjusting mechanism may not exactly match the above specifications due to small
differences in production, the actual number
of clicks always represents the entire adjusting range. To obtain a precise adjustment, it
would be advisable to check the number of
clicks of each damping force adjusting mechanism and to modify the specifications as necessary.
_
_
EBU00112
WARNING
Indicates a potential hazard that could
result in serious injury or death.
4-20
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
1
Before using this machine, check the following points:
ITEM
ROUTINE
PAGE
5-3 ~ 5-4,
8-24 ~ 8-27
2
3
Front brake
• Check operation, free play, fluid level and fluid leakage.
• Fill with DOT 4 brake fluid if necessary.
Rear brake
• Check operation, fluid level and fluid leakage.
• Fill with DOT4 brake fluid if necessary.
5-3 ~ 5-4,
8-24 ~ 8-26, 8-28
Clutch
• Check operation, condition and lever free play.
8-31 ~ 8-32
Parking brake
• Check operation, condition and cable free play.
8-29 ~ 8-30
Fuel
• Check fuel level.
• Fill with fuel if necessary.
Engine oil
• Check oil level.
• Fill with oil if necessary.
5-6, 8-6 ~ 8-10
Coolant reservoir
• Check coolant level.
• Fill with coolant if necessary.
5-7, 8-11 ~ 8-14
10
Drive chain
• Check chain slack and condition.
• Adjust if necessary.
5-8, 8-33 ~ 8-34
11
Throttle
• Check for proper throttle cable operation and free play.
5-8, 8-23
12
Wheels and tires
• Check tire pressure, wear and damage.
5-9 ~ 5-11,
8-39 ~ 8-40
13
Fittings and fasteners
• Check all fittings and fasteners.
5-8
14
Lights
• Check for proper operation.
5-4 ~ 5-5
4
5
6
7
8
5-1
5-8, 8-43 ~ 8-48
9
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to inspect the ATV before operating.
Failure to properly maintain the ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Increases the possibility of an accident
or equipment damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always inspect your ATV each time you
use it to make sure the ATV is in safe operating condition.
Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures and schedules described in the Owner’s Manual.
5-2
EBU00982
Brake fluid leakage
● Check to see if any brake fluid is leaking out
of the pipe joints or master cylinders. Apply
the brakes firmly for one minute. If there is
any leaking, have the machine inspected
by a Yamaha dealer.
Front and rear brakes
Brake lever and brake pedal
● Check that there is no free play in the brake
lever. If there is free play, have a Yamaha
dealer adjust it.
● Check for correct brake pedal height. If the
pedal height is incorrect, have a Yamaha
dealer adjust it.
● Check the operation of the lever and pedal.
They should move smoothly and there
should be a firm feeling when the brakes
are applied. If not, have the machine inspected by a Yamaha dealer.
Brake operation
● Test the brakes at slow speed after starting
out to make sure they are working properly.
If the brakes do not provide proper braking
performance, inspect the brake pads for
wear. (See page 8-24.)
Brake fluid level
● Check the brake fluid level. Add fluid if necessary. (See pages 8-24 ~ 8-26.)
Recommended brake fluid: DOT 4
5-3
EBU00886
Fuel
Make sure there is sufficient gasoline in the
tank.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Riding with improperly operating
brakes.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could lose braking ability, which
could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always check the brakes at the start of
every ride. Do not ride the ATV if you
find any problem with the brakes. If a
problem cannot be corrected by the adjustment procedures provided in this
manual, have the ATV inspected by a
Yamaha dealer.
Recommended fuel:
UNLEADED GASOLINE ONLY
Fuel tank capacity:
Total:
12 L (2.64 Imp gal, 3.17 US gal)
Reserve:
2.6 L (0.57 Imp gal, 0.69 US gal)
CAUTION:
_
Use only unleaded gasoline. The use of
leaded gasoline will cause severe damage
to internal engine parts, such as the valves
and piston rings, as well as to the exhaust
system.
_
5-4
Your Yamaha engine has been designed to
use regular unleaded gasoline with a pump
octane number ([R+M]/2) of 86 or higher, or
research octane number of 91 or higher. If
knocking or pinging occurs, use a different
brand of gasoline or premium unleaded fuel.
Unleaded fuel will give you longer spark plug
life and reduced maintenance cost.
Gasohol
There are two types of gasohol; gasohol containing ethanol and that containing methanol.
Gasohol containing ethanol can be used if
ethanol content does not exceed 10%. Gasohol containing methanol is not recommended
by Yamaha because it may cause fuel system
damage or vehicle performance problems.
1. Fuel tank filler tube
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper care when refueling.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Fuel can spill, which can cause a fire
and severe injury.
Fuel expands when it heats up. If the
fuel tank is overfilled, fuel could spill out
due to heat from the engine or the sun.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Do not overfill the fuel tank. Be careful
not to spill fuel, especially on the engine
or exhaust pipe. Wipe up any spilled fuel
immediately. Be sure the fuel tank cap is
closed securely.
Do not refuel right after the engine has
been running and is still very hot.
2. Fuel level
5-5
EBU00914
Engine oil
Make sure the engine oil is at the specified
level. Add oil as necessary. (See page 8-6.)
CAUTION:
_
Be sure to use motor oils that do not contain anti-friction modifiers. Passenger car
motor oils (often labeled “ENERGY
CONSERVING II”) contain anti-friction additives which will cause clutch and/or
starter clutch slippage, resulting in reduced component life and poor engine
performance.
Recommended oil:
0˚
10˚
30˚
50˚
70˚
90˚
110˚
130˚F
YAMALUBE 4 (20W40) or SAE 20W40
YAMALUBE 4 (10W30) or SAE 10W30
_
SAE 5W30
-20˚
-10˚
0˚
10˚
20˚
30˚
40˚
Oil quantity:
Periodic oil change:
1.9 L (1.67 Imp qt, 2.01 US qt)
With oil filter replacement:
1.95 L (1.72 Imp qt, 2.06 US qt)
Total amount:
2.3 L (2.02 Imp qt, 2.43 US qt)
50˚C
Recommended engine oil classification:
API Service SE, SF, SG type or higher
5-6
EBU00496
Coolant
Check the coolant level in the reservoir tank
when the engine is cold. (The coolant level will
vary with engine temperature.) The coolant
level is satisfactory if it is between the “FULL”
and “LOW” marks on the tank. If the coolant
level is at or below the “LOW” level, add tap
water (soft water) to bring the level up to
“FULL”. Change the coolant every two years.
(See pages 8-11 ~ 8-14 for details.)
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Removing the radiator cap when the engine and radiator are still hot.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could be burned by hot fluid and
steam blown out under pressure.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Wait for the engine to cool before removing the radiator cap. Always use a
thick rag over the cap. Allow any remaining pressure to escape before
completely removing the cap.
CAUTION:
Hard water or salt water is harmful to the
engine. You may use distilled water if you
can’t get soft water.
Reservoir tank capacity:
0.29 L (0.26 Imp qt, 0.31 US qt)
From “LOW” to “FULL” level:
0.17 L (0.15 Imp qt, 0.17 US qt)
5-7
EBU00498
EBU00991
Chain
Check the general condition of the chain and
check the chain slack before every ride. Lubricate and adjust the chain as necessary. (See
pages 8-33 ~ 8-35 for details.)
Lights
Check the headlights and tail/brake light to
make sure they are in working condition. Repair as necessary for proper operation.
EBU00912
Switches
Check the operation of the light switch, engine
stop switch and any other switches. Repair as
necessary for proper operation.
EBU00151
Throttle lever
Check to see that the throttle lever operates
correctly. It must open smoothly and spring
back to idle position when released. Repair as
necessary for proper operation.
EBU00152
Fittings and Fasteners
Always check the tightness of chassis fittings
and fasteners before a ride. Take the machine
to a Yamaha dealer or refer to the Service
Manual for correct tightening torque.
5-8
EBU00157
Tires
2. The tires should be set to the recommended pressure:
● Recommended tire pressure
Front 27.5 kPa (0.275 kgf/cm2, 4.0 psi)
Rear 27.5 kPa (0.275 kgf/cm2, 4.0 psi)
● Check and adjust tire pressures when
the tires are cold.
● Tire pressures must be equal on both
sides.
3. Tire pressure below the minimum
specified could cause the tire to
dislodge from the rim under severe
riding conditions.
The following are minimums:
Front 24.5 kPa (0.245 kgf/cm2, 3.5 psi)
Rear 24.5 kPa (0.245 kgf/cm2, 3.5 psi)
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV with improper tires,
or with improper or uneven tire pressure.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Use of improper tires on this ATV, or operation of this ATV with improper or uneven tire pressure, may cause loss of
control, increasing your risk of accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
1. The tires listed below have been approved by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
for this model. Other tire combinations are not recommended.
Manufacturer
Size
Type
Front
DUNLOP
AT21 × 7 - 10
KT331
Rear
DUNLOP
AT20 × 10 - 9
KT335
5-9
Set pressure with tires cold.
Set tire pressures to the following specifications:
4. Use no more than the following
pressures when seating the tire
beads.
Front 250 kPa (2.5 kgf/cm2, 36 psi)
Rear 250 kPa (2.5 kgf/cm2, 36 psi)
Higher pressures may cause the
tire to burst. Inflate the tires very
slowly and carefully. Fast inflation
could cause the tire to burst.
Recommended
pressure
Maximum
Front
24.5 kPa
30.5 kPa
27.5 kPa
(0.275 kgf/cm2, (0.245 kgf/cm2, (0.305 kgf/cm2,
4.0 psi)
3.5 psi)
4.4 psi)
Rear
24.5 kPa
30.5 kPa
27.5 kPa
(0.275 kgf/cm2, (0.245 kgf/cm2, (0.305 kgf/cm2,
4.0 psi)
3.5 psi)
4.4 psi)
EBU00159
How to measure tire pressure
Use the low-pressure tire gauge.
NOTE:
The low-pressure tire gauge is included as
standard equipment. Make two measurements of the tire pressure and use the second
reading. Dust or dirt in the gauge could cause
the first reading to be incorrect.
1. Low-pressure tire gauge
5-10
Minimum
EBU00160
Tire wear limit
When the tire groove decreases to 3 mm
(0.12 in) due to wear, replace the tire.
a. 3 mm (0.12 in)
5-11
EBU00161
EBU00789
OPERATION
Starting a cold engine
WARNING
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Freezing control cables in cold weather.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could be unable to control the ATV,
which could lead to an accident or collision.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
When riding in cold weather, always
make sure all control cables work
smoothly before you begin riding.
Indicates a potential hazard that could
result in serious injury or death.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating ATV without being familiar
with all controls.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Loss of control, which could cause an
accident or injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Read the Owner’s Manual carefully. If
there is a control or function you do not
understand, ask your Yamaha dealer.
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Turn the fuel cock to “ON”.
3. Turn the main switch to “ON” and the engine stop switch to “ ”.
4. Shift the transmission into neutral.
6-1
Position 3: Cold engine startambient temperature above
25 °C (80 °F) and warm engine
start position.
NOTE:
This model is equipped with an ignition circuit
cut-off system. The engine can be started under the following conditions.
● When the transmission is in neutral. The
neutral indicator light should come on. If
the light does not come on, ask a
Yamaha dealer to inspect it.
● When the clutch is disengaged with the
transmission in any position. However, it
is recommended to shift into neutral before starting the engine.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
5. Use the starter (choke) in reference to
the figure:
Position 1: Cold engine startambient temperature below 5 °C
(40 °F).
Position 2: Cold engine startambient temperature at 0 °C
(30 °F) ~ 30 °C (90 °F) and
warming up position.
10
1. Fully open
3. Closed
2. Half open
6. Completely close the throttle lever and
start the engine by pushing the start
switch.
6-2
11
12
13
14
NOTE:
If the engine fails to start, release the start
switch, then push it again. Pause a few seconds before the next attempt. Each cranking
should be as short as possible to preserve
battery energy. Do not crank the engine more
than 10 seconds on each attempt.
CAUTION:
See the “Engine break-in” section prior to
operating engine for the first time.
7. If the engine is started with the starter
(choke) in position 1, the starter (choke)
should be returned to position 2 to warm
up the engine. If the engine is started with
the starter (choke) in position 2, keep
the starter (choke) in this position to
warm up the engine.
8. Continue warming up the engine until it
idles smoothly and return the starter
(choke) to position 3 before riding.
6-3
EBU00180
Starting a warm engine
To start a warm engine, refer to the “Starting a
cold engine” section. The starter (choke)
should not be used. The throttle should be
opened slightly.
EBU00538
Warming up
To get maximum engine life, always warm up
the engine before starting off. Never accelerate hard with a cold engine! To see whether or
not the engine is warm, check if it responds to
the throttle normally with the starter (choke)
turned off.
NOTE:
When the parking brake is used, engine
speed is limited to 2,300 r/min. Be sure the
parking brake is released before moving the
throttle lever. Otherwise, the engine will misfire, preventing normal operation.
6-4
EBU00790
Reverse knob operation and reverse
driving
CAUTION:
Before shifting, stop the machine and return the throttle lever to its closed position. Otherwise the transmission may be
damaged.
1. Bring the machine to a complete stop, return the throttle lever to the closed position, apply the clutch lever, and shift the
transmission into first gear.
2. While applying the rear brake pedal, turn
the reverse knob clockwise with your
right hand.
3. Shift the transmission into reverse by
pressing down on the shift pedal.
1. Reverse knob “REV”
2. Shift pedal
NOTE:
When in reverse, the reverse indicator light
should be on. If the light does not come on,
ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect the machine.
4. Check behind you for people or obstacles, then release the rear brake pedal.
5. Open the throttle lever gradually and continue to watch to the rear while backing.
6-5
EBU00199
Shifting
This model has a 5-speed forward and 1-speed
reverse transmission. The transmission allows
you to control the amount of power you have
available at a given speed or for starting, accelerating, climbing hills, etc. To shift into neutral,
return the throttle lever to its original position,
apply the clutch and repeatedly depress the
shift pedal until it stops. When it stops, it will be
in first gear. Raise the pedal slightly to neutral.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly operating in reverse.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could hit an obstacle or person behind you, resulting in serious injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
When you shift into reverse, make sure
there are no obstacles or people behind
you. When it is safe to proceed, go
slowly.
1. Shift pedal
6-6
N. Neutral position
R. Reverse
EBU00203
To start out and accelerate:
1. Release the throttle lever.
CAUTION:
_
●
●
Do not coast for long periods with the
engine off, and do not tow the machine a long distance. Even in neutral
position, the transmission is only
properly lubricated when the engine is
running. Inadequate lubrication may
cause damage.
Always use the clutch when changing
gears. The engine, transmission and
drive train are not designed to withstand the shock of forced shifting and
can be damaged by shifting without
the clutch.
CAUTION:
Always close the throttle while shifting
gears. Otherwise, damage to the engine
and drive train may result.
2. Pull the clutch lever to disengage the
clutch.
3. Shift into first gear.
4. Open the throttle gradually and at the
same time, release the clutch lever slowly.
5. Once the machine has attained adequate
speed, release the throttle, and at the
same time, quickly pull in the clutch lever.
6. Shift into second gear. (be careful not to
shift into neutral)
7. Open the throttle part way and gradually
release the clutch lever.
_
6-7
EBU00207
To decelerate:
When slowing down or stopping, release the
throttle and apply the brakes smoothly and
evenly. As you slow down, shift to a lower
gear. Be sure that the engine has sufficiently
slowed before engaging a lower gear. Improper use of the brakes or shifting can cause the
tires to lose traction, reducing control and increasing the possibility of an accident.
8. Follow the same procedure when shifting
to the next higher gear.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Opening the throttle abruptly or releasing the clutch lever too quickly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The machine could wheelie. This would
increase the chance of an accident, including overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Open the throttle gradually.
Release the clutch lever gradually.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Engaging a lower gear when the engine
speed is too high.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The wheels could stop rotating. This
could cause loss of control, an accident
and injury. It could also cause engine or
drive train damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Make sure the engine has sufficiently
slowed before shifting to a lower gear.
6-8
EBU00209
Engine break-in
There is never a more important period in the
life of your machine than the period between
zero and 20 hours.
For this reason, we ask that you carefully read
the following material. Because the engine is
brand new, you must not put an excessive
load on it for the first several hours of running.
During the first 20 hours, the various parts in
the engine wear and polish themselves to the
correct operating clearances.
During this period, prolonged full throttle operation or any condition which might result in excessive engine heating must be avoided.
However, momentary (2 ~ 3 seconds maximum) full throttle operation under load does
not harm the engine.
Each full throttle acceleration sequence
should be followed with a substantial rest period for the engine by cruising at lower r/min
so the engine can rid itself of the temporary
build up of heat.
If any abnormality is noticed during this period, consult a Yamaha dealer.
1. 0 ~ 10 hours:
Avoid continuous operation above half
throttle. Allow a cooling off period of five
to ten minutes after every hour of operation. Vary the speed of the machine from
time to time. Do not operate it at one set
throttle position.
2. 10 ~ 20 hours:
Avoid prolonged operation above 3/4
throttle. Rev the machine freely through
the gears but do not use full throttle at
any time.
3. After break-in:
Avoid prolonged full throttle operation.
Vary speeds occasionally.
6-9
EBU00211
Parking
When parking, stop the engine and shift into
neutral. Turn the fuel cock to “OFF” and apply
the parking brake.
1. Locked position
1. Button
2. Lock plate
6-10
EBU00992
Parking on a slope
1. Bring the machine to a stop by applying
the brakes in low gear.
2. Stop the engine and release the clutch
lever.
3. With the front and rear brakes applied,
apply the parking brake and slowly release the brake pedal.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Parking on a hill or other incline.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The ATV could roll out of control, increasing the chance of an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Avoid parking on hills or other inclines.
If you must park on an incline, put the
machine in low gear, apply the parking
brake, and block the front and rear
wheels with rocks or other objects. Do
not park the ATV at all on hills that are
so steep you could not walk up them
easily.
6-11
EBU00221
Accessories and loading
●
EBU00222
Accessories
Accessories can affect the handling and control of your ATV. Keep the following in mind
when considering an accessory or operating
an ATV which has accessories.
● Choose only accessories designed for your
ATV. Your Yamaha dealer has a variety of
genuine Yamaha accessories. Other accessories may also be available on the
market. However, it is not possible for
Yamaha to test all non-Yamaha accessories, nor have any control over the quality or
suitability of them. Choose a genuine
Yamaha accessory, or one that is equivalent in design and quality.
● Accessories should be rigidly and securely
mounted. An accessory which can shift position or come off while you are riding could
affect your ability to control the ATV.
●
6-12
Do not mount an accessory where it could
interfere with your ability to control the ATV.
Examples include (but are not limited to) a
heavy or bulky object attached to the handlebars which could make steering difficult,
an accessory that limits your ability to move
around on the seat, or one that limits your
view.
Use extra caution when riding an ATV with
accessories. The ATV may handle differently than it does without accessories.
EBU00584
Loading
As originally equipped, this ATV is not designed to carry cargo or tow a trailer. If you
choose to add accessories so that you can
carry cargo or tow a trailer, you must use
common sense and good judgment. Keep the
following points in mind:
● Never exceed the weight limits shown. An
overloaded ATV can be unstable.
●
●
●
MAXIMUM LOADING LIMIT
Vehicle loading limit (total weight of
cargo, rider and accessories):
100 kg (220 lbs)
●
●
Load cargo on the carriers as close to the
center of the vehicle as possible. Put cargo
at the rear of the front carrier and at the
front of the rear carrier. Center the load
from side to side.
●
●
6-13
Tie down cargo securely to the carriers.
Make sure cargo in the trailer cannot move
around. A shifting load can cause an accident.
Make sure the load does not interfere with
controls or your ability to see where you are
going.
Ride more slowly than you would without a
load. The more weight you carry, the slower you should go. Although conditions vary,
it is good practice not to exceed 2nd gear
whenever you are carrying heavier loads or
when towing a trailer.
Allow more braking distance. A heavier vehicle takes longer to stop.
Avoid making sharp turns unless at very
slow speeds.
Avoid hills and rough terrain. Choose terrain carefully. Added weight affects the stability and handling of the ATV.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Overloading this ATV or carrying or towing cargo improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause changes in vehicle handling which could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never exceed the stated load capacity
for this ATV.
Cargo should be properly distributed
and securely attached.
Reduce speed when carrying cargo or
pulling a trailer. Allow greater distance
for braking.
6-14
EBU00929
WARNING
_
Indicates a potential hazard that could
result in serious injury or death.
6-15
Riding
1-
Your
ATV
7-1
7
7-2
WARNING
_
Indicates a potential hazard that could
result in serious injury or death.
GETTING TO KNOW YOUR ATV
This ATV is intended for recreational use by
experienced operators only.
Even though you are an experienced operator
of all other all terrain vehicles or motorcycles,
riding the ATV requires special skills acquired
through practice.
Take your time to fully learn techniques before attempting more difficult maneuvers.
the operation of the controls. Pay particular attention to the safety information on pages 2-1
~ 2-7. Please also read all caution and warning labels on your ATV.
Riding your new ATV can be a very enjoyable
activity, providing you with hours of pleasure.
But it is essential to familiarize yourself with
the operation of the ATV to achieve the skill
necessary to enjoy riding safely. Before you
begin to ride, be sure you have read this
Owner’s Manual completely and understand
7-3
RIDE WITH CARE AND GOOD
JUDGEMENT
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Beginning and inexperienced operators
should complete the certified training
course offered by Yamaha. They should
then regularly practice the skills learned
in the course and the operating techniques described in this Owner’s Manual.
For more information about the training
course, contact an authorized ATV dealer or call 1-800-887-2887.
Get training if you are inexperienced.
Beginners should get training from a certified
instructor.
Become familiar with this ATV at slow speeds
first, even if you are an experienced operator.
Do not attempt to operate at maximum performance until you are totally familiar with the
ATV’s handling and performance characteristics.
Riding your ATV requires skills acquired
through practice over a period of time.
Take the time to learn the basic techniques
well before attempting more difficult maneuvers.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV without proper instruction.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The risk of an accident is greatly increased if the operator does not know
how to operate the ATV properly in different situations and on different types
of terrain.
7-4
Not recommended for children under
16 years of age.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to follow the age recommendations for this ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Use by children of ATVs that are not recommended for their age can lead to severe injury or death of the child.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
A child under 16 should never operate
an ATV with engine size greater than
90cc.
7-5
This ATV is designed to carry operator
only - passengers prohibited.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Carrying a passenger on this ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Greatly reduces your ability to balance
and control this ATV. Could cause an
accident, resulting in harm to you and/
or your passenger.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never carry a passenger. The long seat
is to allow the operator to shift position
as needed during operation. It is not for
carrying passengers.
7-6
Apparel
Operating without protective clothing
increases your chances of severe injury
in the event of an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always wear an approved motorcycle
helmet that fits properly.
You should also wear:
eye protection
(goggles or face shield)
gloves
boots
long-sleeved shirt or jacket
long pants
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV without wearing an
approved motorcycle helmet, eye protection and protective clothing.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Operating without
an approved motorcycle helmet increases
your
chances of a severe
head injury or death
in the event of an
accident.
Operating without eye protection can result in an accident and increases your
chances of a severe injury in the event
of an accident.
7-7
Do not operate after consuming alcohol or
drugs.
Operator’s performance capability is reduced
by the influence of alcohol or drugs.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV after consuming alcohol or drugs.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could seriously affect your judgment.
Could cause you to react more slowly.
Could affect your balance and perception.
Could result in an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never consume alcohol or drugs before
or while driving this ATV.
7-8
Pre-operation checks
Always perform the pre-operation checks listed on page 5-1 before riding for safety and
proper care of the ATV.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV with improper tires,
or with improper or uneven tire pressure.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Use of improper tires on this ATV, or operation of this ATV with improper or uneven tire pressure, may cause loss of
control, increasing your risk of an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always use the size and type tires specified in the Owner’s Manual for this vehicle on pages 5-9 ~ 5-10.
Always maintain proper tire pressure as
described in the Owner’s Manual on
page 5-10.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to inspect the ATV before operating.
Failure to properly maintain the ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Increases the possibility of an accident
or equipment damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always inspect your ATV each time you
use it to make sure the ATV is in safe operating condition. Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures
and schedules described in the Owner’s
Manual.
7-9
Speed limiter
For riders inexperienced with this model, this
model is equipped with a speed limiter in the
throttle lever housing. The speed limiter limits
the power and top speed of the ATV. Turning
the screw in decreases top speed, and turning
it out increases top speed.
WARNING
_
Indicates a potential hazard that could
result in serious injury or death.
Do not operate at speeds too fast for your
skills or the conditions.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV at speeds too fast
for your skills or the conditions.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Increases your chances of losing control of the ATV, which can result in an
accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always go at a speed that is proper for
the terrain, visibility and operating conditions, and your experience.
1. Locknut
7-10
2. Adjusting screw
Loading and accessories
Use extra caution when riding the ATV with
additional loads, such as accessories or cargo. The ATV’s handling may be adversely affected. Reduce your speed when adding
additional loads.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Overloading this ATV or carrying or towing cargo improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause changes in vehicle handling which could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never exceed the stated load capacity
for this ATV.
Cargo should be properly distributed
and securely attached.
Reduce speed when carrying cargo or
pulling a trailer. Allow greater distance
for braking.
Always follow the instructions in your
Owner’s Manual for carrying cargo or
pulling a trailer.
MAXIMUM LOADING LIMIT
Vehicle loading limit (total weight of
rider, cargo and accessories):
100 kg (220 lbs)
7-11
During operation
Always keep your feet on the footboards during operation. Otherwise your feet may contact the rear wheels.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Removing hands from handlebars or
feet from footboards during operation.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Removing even one hand or foot can reduce your ability to control the ATV or
could cause you to lose your balance
and fall off of the ATV. If you remove a
foot from a footboard, your foot or leg
may come into contact with the rear
wheels, which could injure you or cause
an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always keep both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the footboards of
your ATV during operation.
7-12
Avoid wheelies and jumping. You may lose
control of the ATV or overturn.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Attempting wheelies, jumps, and other
stunts.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Increases the chance of an accident, including an overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never attempt stunts, such as wheelies
or jumps. Don’t try to show off.
7-13
Modifications
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV with improper modifications.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improper installation of accessories or
modification of this vehicle may cause
changes in handling which in some situations could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never modify this ATV through improper installation or use of accessories. All
parts and accessories added to this vehicle should be genuine Yamaha or
equivalent components designed for
use on this ATV and should be installed
and used according to instructions. If
you have questions, consult an authorized ATV dealer.
7-14
Exhaust system
The exhaust system on the ATV is very hot
during and following operation. To prevent
burns, avoid touching the exhaust system.
Park the ATV in a place where pedestrians or
children are not likely to touch it.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Hot exhaust system.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Dry grass or brush or other combustible
material accumulated around the engine area could catch fire. Someone
touching the exhaust system during or
after operation could be burned.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Do not operate, idle, or park the ATV in
dry grass or other dry ground cover.
Keep the engine area free of dry grass,
brush, or other combustible material.
Do not touch the hot exhaust system.
Do not park the ATV in a place where
others might be likely to touch it.
7-15
BE CAREFUL WHERE YOU RIDE
This ATV is designed for off-road use only.
Riding on paved surfaces can cause loss of
control.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV on paved surfaces.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
ATVs are designed for off-road use only.
Paved surfaces may seriously affect
handling and control of the ATV, and
may cause the vehicle to go out of control.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always avoid paved surfaces, including
sidewalks, driveways, parking lots and
streets.
7-16
Do not ride on any public road, street, or highway. Riding on public roads can result in collisions with other vehicles.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV on public streets,
roads or highways.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You can collide with another vehicle.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never operate this ATV on any public
street, road or highway, even a dirt or
gravel one.
In many states it is illegal to operate
ATVs on public streets, roads and highways.
7-17
Know the terrain where you ride. Ride cautiously in unfamiliar areas. Stay alert for
holes, rocks, or roots in the terrain, and other hidden hazards which may cause the ATV
to upset.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to use extra care when operating
this ATV on unfamiliar terrain.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You can come upon hidden rocks,
bumps, or holes, without enough time to
react.
Could result in the ATV overturning or
going out of control.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Go slowly and be extra careful when operating on unfamiliar terrain.
Always be alert to changing terrain conditions when operating the ATV.
7-18
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to use extra care when operating
on excessively rough, slippery or loose
terrain.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause loss of traction or vehicle
control, which could result in an accident, including an overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Do not operate on excessively rough,
slippery or loose terrain until you have
learned and practiced the skills necessary to control the ATV on such terrain.
Always be especially cautious on these
kinds of terrain.
7-19
When riding in an area where you might not
easily be seen, such as desert terrain, mount
a caution flag on the ATV. DO NOT use the
flag pole bracket as a trailer hitch.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could be in a collision. You could
be injured.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always mount a caution flag on the ATV
to make you more visible. Watch carefully for other vehicles.
Do not ride in areas posted “no trespassing”.
Do not ride on private property without getting
permission.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating in areas where you might not
be seen by other off-road vehicles.
7-20
With the engine idling, pull the clutch lever to
disengage the clutch and shift into 1st gear,
and then release the parking brake. Open the
throttle gradually, and at the same time, release the clutch lever slowly. Once the ATV
has attained adequate speed, release the
throttle lever and at the same time, quickly pull
in the clutch lever and shift into 2nd gear.
Open the throttle part way and gradually release the clutch. Use this same procedure as
you move into the higher gears. Be sure to coordinate the use of the throttle and shift pedal
properly. If the throttle is applied too abruptly
or if the throttle is not released during shifting,
or if the shift pedal is not released before applying the throttle, the front wheels may lift off
the ground resulting in a loss of directional
control. Avoid higher speeds until you are
thoroughly familiar with the operation of your
ATV.
Select a large, flat area off-road to become familiar with your ATV. Make sure that this area
is free of obstacles and other riders. You
should practice control of the throttle, brakes,
shifting procedures, and turning techniques in
this area before trying more difficult terrain. Always avoid riding on paved surfaces: the ATV
is designed for off-road use only, and handling maneuvers are more difficult to perform
on pavement.
Set the parking brake and follow the instructions on page 6-1 to start the engine. Once it
has warmed up you are ready to begin riding
your ATV. As you get on the ATV, be sure not
to accidentally move the shift pedal. Remember that the engine and exhaust pipe will be
hot when riding and afterwards; do not allow
skin or clothing to come in contact with these
components.
7-21
When slowing down or stopping, release the
throttle and apply the brakes smoothly and
evenly. As you slow down, shift to a lower
gear. Be sure that the engine has sufficiently
slowed before engaging a lower gear. Improper use of the brakes or shifting can cause the
tires to lose traction, reducing control and increasing the possibility of an accident.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Opening the throttle abruptly or releasing the clutch lever to quickly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The ATV could wheelie. This would increase the chance of an accident, including overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Open the throttle gradually. Release the
clutch lever gradually.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Engaging a lower gear when the engine
speed is too high.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The wheels could stop rotating. This
could cause loss of control, an accident
and injury. It could also cause engine or
drive train damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Make sure the engine has sufficiently
slowed before shifting to a lower gear.
CAUTION:
_
Do not shift gears without releasing the
throttle. Damage to the engine or drive
train may occur.
_
7-22
TURNING YOUR ATV
To achieve maximum traction while riding offroad, the two rear wheels are mounted solidly
on one axle and turn together at the same
speed. Therefore, unless the wheel on the inside of the turn is allowed to slip or lose some
traction, the ATV will resist turning. A special
turning technique must be used to allow the
ATV to make turns quickly and easily. It is essential that this skill be learned first at low
speed.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always follow proper procedures for
turning as described in this Owner’s
Manual.
Practice turning at low speeds before attempting to turn at faster speeds. Do not
turn at speeds too fast for your skills or
the conditions.
As you approach a curve, slow down and begin to turn the handlebars in the desired direction. As you do so, put your weight on the
footboard to the outside of the turn (opposite
your desired direction) and lean your upper
body into the turn. Use the throttle to maintain
an even speed through the turn. This maneuver will let the wheel on the inside of the turn
slip slightly, allowing the ATV to make the turn
properly.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Turning improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The ATV could go out of control, causing a collision or overturn.
7-23
Once you have learned this technique you
should be able to perform it at higher speeds
or in tighter curves.
Improper riding procedures such as abrupt
throttle changes, excessive braking, incorrect
body movements, or too much speed for the
sharpness of the turn may cause the ATV to
tip. If the ATV begins to tip over to the outside
while negotiating a turn, lean more to the inside. It may also be necessary to gradually let
off on the throttle and steer to the outside of
the turn to avoid tipping over.
Remember: Avoid higher speeds until you are
thoroughly familiar with the operation of your
ATV.
This procedure should be practiced at slow
speed many times in a large off-road area
with no obstacles. If an incorrect technique is
used, your ATV may continue to go straight. If
the ATV doesn’t turn, come to a stop and then
practice the procedure again. If the riding surface is slippery or loose, it may help to position more of your weight over the front wheels
by moving forward on the seat.
7-24
CLIMBING UPHILL
Use proper riding techniques to avoid vehicle
overturns on hills. Be sure that you can maneuver your ATV well on flat ground before attempting any incline and then practice riding
first on gentle slopes. Try more difficult climbs
only after you have developed your skill. In all
cases avoid inclines with slippery or loose surfaces, or obstacles that might cause you to
lose control.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never operate the ATV on hills too steep
for the ATV or for your abilities.
Practice on smaller hills before attempting large hills.
It is important when climbing a hill to make
sure that your weight is transferred forward on
the ATV. This can be accomplished by leaning forward and, on steeper inclines, standing
on the footboards and leaning forward over
the handlebars.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating on excessively steep hills.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The vehicle can overturn more easily on
extremely steep hills than on level surfaces or small hills.
7-25
WARNING
An obstacle, a sharp drop, or another
vehicle or person could be on the other
side of the hill.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Climbing hills improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause loss of control or cause the
ATV to overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always follow proper procedures for
climbing hills as described in this Owner’s Manual.
Always check the terrain carefully before you start up any hill.
Never climb hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces.
Shift your weight forward.
Never open the throttle suddenly or
make sudden gear changes.
The ATV could flip over backwards.
Never go over the top of any hill at high
speed.
7-26
If you are climbing a hill and you find that you
have not properly judged your ability to make
it to the top, you should turn the ATV around
while you still have forward motion (provided
you have the room to do so) and go down the
hill.
When crossing the side of a hill:
Always follow proper procedures as described in the Owner’s Manual.
Avoid hills with excessively slippery or
loose surfaces. Shift your weight to the
uphill side of the ATV.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly crossing hills or turning on
hills.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause loss of control or cause the
ATV to overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never attempt to turn the ATV around
on any hill until you have mastered the
turning technique as described in the
Owner’s Manual on level ground. Be
very careful when turning on any hill.
Avoid crossing the side of a steep hill if
possible.
7-27
If your ATV has stalled or stopped and you
believe you can continue up the hill, restart
carefully to make sure you do not lift the front
wheels which could cause you to lose control.
If you are unable to continue up the hill, dismount the ATV on the uphill side. Physically
turn the ATV around and then descend the
hill.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Stalling, rolling backwards or improperly dismounting while climbing a hill.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could result in the ATV overturning.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Use proper gear and maintain steady
speed when climbing a hill.
If you lose all forward speed:
Keep weight uphill.
Apply the brakes.
Lock the parking brake after you are
stopped.
If you begin rolling backwards:
Keep weight uphill.
Never apply the rear brake while rolling backwards.
Apply the front brake.
When fully stopped, apply the rear
brake as well, and then lock the parking brake.
If you start to roll backwards, DO NOT use the
rear brake to stop or try to put the ATV in gear.
The ATV could easily tip over backwards. Instead, dismount the ATV immediately on the
uphill side.
7-28
Dismount on uphill side or to a side if
pointed straight uphill. Turn the ATV
around and remount, following the procedure described in the Owner’s Manual.
7-29
RIDING DOWNHILL
When riding your ATV downhill, shift your
weight as far to the rear and uphill side of the
ATV as possible. Move back on the seat and
sit with your arms straight. Choose a low gear
which will allow the engine compression to do
most of the braking for you. Improper braking
may cause a loss of traction.
Use caution while descending a hill with loose
or slippery surfaces. Braking ability and traction may be adversely affected by these surfaces. Improper braking may also cause a
loss of traction.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Going down a hill improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause loss of control or cause the
ATV to overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always follow proper procedures for going down hills as described in this Owner’s Manual. Note: a special technique is
required when braking as you go down
a hill.
Always check the terrain carefully before you start down any hill.
Shift your weight backward. Never go
down a hill at high speed.
Avoid going down a hill at an angle that
would cause the vehicle to lean sharply
to one side. Go straight down the hill
where possible.
Whenever possible, ride your ATV straight
downhill. Avoid sharp angles which could allow the ATV to tip or roll over. Carefully
choose your path and ride no faster than you
will be able to react to obstacles which may
appear.
7-30
7-31
CROSSING A SLOPE
Traversing a sloping surface on your ATV requires you to properly position your weight to
maintain proper balance. Be sure that you
have learned the basic riding skills on flat
ground before attempting to cross a sloping
surface. Avoid slopes with slippery surfaces
or rough terrain that may upset your balance.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly crossing hills or turning on
hills.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause loss of control or cause the
ATV to overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never attempt to turn the ATV around
on any hill until you have mastered the
turning technique as described in the
Owner’s Manual on level ground. Be
very careful when turning on any hill.
Avoid crossing the side of a steep hill if
possible.
When crossing the side of a hill:
Always follow proper procedures as described in the Owner’s Manual.
As you travel across a slope, lean your body
in the uphill direction. It may be necessary to
correct the steering when riding on loose surfaces by pointing the front wheels slightly uphill. When riding on slopes be sure not to
make sharp turns either up or down hill.
If your ATV does begin to tip over, gradually
steer in the downhill direction if there are no
obstacles in your path. As you regain proper
balance, gradually steer again in the direction
you wish to travel.
7-32
Avoid hills with excessively slippery or
loose surfaces.
Shift your weight to the uphill side of the
ATV.
7-33
CROSSING THROUGH SHALLOW WATER
The ATV can be used to cross slow moving,
shallow water of up to a maximum of 35 cm
(14 inches) in depth. Before entering the water, choose your path carefully. Enter where
there is no sharp drop off, and avoid rocks or
other obstacles which may be slippery or upset the ATV. Drive slowly and carefully.
Remember that wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability. Test your brakes
after leaving water. If necessary, apply
them several times to let friction dry out
the linings.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV through deep or fast
flowing water.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Tires may float, causing loss of traction
and loss of control, which could lead to
an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never operate this ATV in fast flowing
water or in water deeper than that specified in your Owner’s Manual.
7-34
Test your brakes after leaving the water. Do
not continue to ride your ATV without verifying
that you have regained proper braking ability.
CAUTION:
_
After riding your ATV in water, be sure to
drain the trapped water by removing the
check hose at the bottom of the air filter
case. Wash the ATV in fresh water if it has
been operated in salt water or muddy conditions.
_
1. Check hose
7-35
RIDING OVER ROUGH TERRAIN
Riding over rough terrain should be done with
caution. Look out for obstacles which could
cause damage to the ATV or could lead to an
upset or accident. Be sure to keep your feet
firmly mounted on the footboards at all times.
Avoid jumping the ATV as loss of control and
damage to the ATV may result.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly operating over obstacles.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause loss of control or a collision. Could cause the ATV to overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Before operating in a new area, check
for obstacles.
Never attempt to ride over large obstacles, such as large rocks or fallen trees.
When you go over obstacles, always follow proper procedures as described in
the Owner’s Manual.
7-36
7-37
SLIDING AND SKIDDING
Care should be used when riding on loose or
slippery surfaces since the ATV may slide. If
unexpected and uncorrected, sliding could
lead to an accident.
If the rear wheels of your ATV start to slide
sideways, control can usually be regained (if
there is room to do so) by steering in the direction of the slide. Applying the brakes or accelerating is not recommended until you have
corrected the slide.
To reduce the tendency for the front wheels to
slide in loose or slippery conditions, positioning your weight over the front wheels will
sometimes help.
7-38
With practice, over a period of time, skill at
controlled sliding can be developed. The terrain should be chosen carefully before attempting such maneuvers, since both stability
and control are reduced. Bear in mind that
sliding maneuvers should always be avoided
on extremely slippery surfaces such as ice,
since all control may be lost.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Skidding or sliding improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You may lose control of this ATV. You
may also regain traction unexpectedly,
which may cause the ATV to overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Learn to safely control skidding or sliding by practicing at low speeds and on
level, smooth terrain.
On extremely slippery surfaces, such as
ice, go slowly and be very cautious in
order to reduce the chance of skidding
or sliding out of control.
7-39
WHAT TO DO IF ...
This section is designed to be a reference
guide only. Be sure to read each section on
riding techniques completely.
●
WHAT TO DO ...
● If your ATV doesn’t turn when you want it
to:
Bring the ATV to a stop and practice the
turning maneuvers again. Be sure you are
putting your weight on the footboard to the
outside of the turn. Position your weight
over the front wheels for better control.
(See pages 7-23 ~ 7-24.)
● If your ATV begins to tip while turning:
Lean more into the turn to regain balance. If
necessary, gradually let off the throttle and/
or steer to the outside of the turn. (See
pages 7-23 ~ 7-24.)
●
7-40
If your ATV starts to slide sideways:
Steer in the direction of the slide if you have
the room.
Applying the brakes or accelerating is not
recommended until you have corrected the
slide. (See pages 7-38 ~ 7-39.)
If your ATV can’t make it up a hill you are
trying to climb:
Turn the ATV around if you still have forward speed. If not, stop, dismount on the
uphill side of the ATV and physically turn
the ATV around. If the ATV starts to slip
backwards DO NOT USE THE REAR
BRAKE - the ATV may tip over on top of
you. Dismount the ATV on the uphill side.
(See pages 7-25 ~ 7-29.)
●
●
If your ATV is traversing a sloping surface:
Be sure to ride with your weight positioned
towards the uphill side of the ATV to maintain proper balance. If the ATV starts to tip,
steer down the hill (if there are no obstacles
in your way) to regain balance. If you discover that the ATV is going to tip over, dismount on the uphill side. (See pages 7-32 ~
7-33.)
If your ATV encounters shallow water:
Ride slowly and carefully through slow
moving water, watching for obstacles. Be
sure to let water drain from the ATV and
CHECK YOUR BRAKES FOR PROPER
OPERATION when you come out of the
water. Do not continue to ride your ATV until you have regained adequate braking
ability. (See pages 7-34 ~ 7-35.)
WARNING
_
Indicates a potential hazard that could
result in serious injury or death.
7-41
EBU00515
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND
ADJUSTMENT
Have a Yamaha dealer perform service if
you are not familiar with machine service.
Periodic inspection, adjustment and lubrication will keep your machine in the safest and
most efficient condition possible. Safety is an
obligation of the machine owner. The most
important points of machine inspection, adjustment and lubrication are explained on the
following pages.
EBU00257
Owner’s manual and tool kit
You are recommended to put this owner’s
manual and low-pressure tire gauge in the vinyl bag and always carry them along with the
owner’s tool kit under the seat.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Servicing an engine while it is running.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Moving parts can catch clothing or parts
of the body, causing injury.
Electrical components can cause
shocks or can start fires.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Turn off the engine when performing
maintenance unless otherwise specified.
1. Owner’s manual
3. Low-pressure tire gauge
8-1
2. Owner’s tool kit
The service information included in this manual is intended to provide you, the owner, with
the necessary information for completing your
own preventive maintenance and minor repairs. The tools provided in the Owner’s tool
kit are sufficient for this purpose, except that a
torque wrench is also necessary to properly
tighten nuts and bolts.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV with improper modifications.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improper installation of accessories or
modification of this vehicle may cause
changes in handling which in some situations could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never modify this ATV through improper installation or use of accessories. All
parts and accessories added to this vehicle should be genuine Yamaha or
equivalent components designed for
use on this ATV and should be installed
and used according to instructions. If
you have questions, consult an authorized Yamaha ATV dealer.
NOTE:
If you do not have a torque wrench available
during a service operation requiring one, take
your machine to a Yamaha dealer to check
the torque settings and adjust them as necessary.
8-2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
EBU00261
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE/LUBRICATION
ITEM
Valves*
Cooling system
Spark plug
Air filter element
Carburetors*
Crankcase breather
system*
Exhaust system*
Spark arrester
Fuel line*
Engine oil
Engine oil filter cartridge
Drive chain
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Front brake
Rear brake*
Clutch*
INITIAL
EVERY
1
3
6
6
1
month months months months year
ROUTINE
•
•
•
•
•
Check valve clearance.
Adjust if necessary.
Check coolant leakage.
Repair if necessary.
Replace coolant every 24 months.
Check condition.
Adjust gap and clean.
Replace if necessary.
Clean.
Replace if necessary.
Check starter (choke) operation.
Adjust engine idling speed and synchronization.
Check breather hose for cracks or damage.
Replace if necessary.
Check for leakage.
Tighten if necessary.
Replace gasket if necessary.
Clean.
Check fuel hose for cracks or damage.
Replace if necessary.
Replace (Warm engine before draining).
Replace if necessary.
Check and adjust slack/alignment/clean/lube.
Check free play/operation/fluid leakage/See NOTE Page
8-4.
Correct if necessary.
Check operation/fluid leakage/See NOTE Page 8-4.
Correct if necessary.
Check operation.
Adjust if necessary.
8-3
Every 20~40 hours
(More often in wet or dusty areas.)
ITEM
Wheels*
Wheel bearings*
Steering system*
INITIAL
EVERY
1
3
6
6
1
month months months months year
ROUTINE
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check balance/damage/runout.
Replace if necessary.
Check bearing assembly for looseness/damage.
Replace if damaged.
Check operation.
Repair if damaged.
Check toe-in.
Adjust if necessary.
Upper and lower arm piv- • Lubricate every 6 months.**
ot and steering shaft*
Rear arm pivot*
• Lubricate every 6 months.**
• Check all chassis fittings and fasteners.
Fittings and fasteners*
• Correct if necessary.
* It is recommended that these items be serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
** Lithium-soap-based grease
NOTE:
• Recommended brake fluid: DOT4
• Brake fluid replacement:
1. When disassembling the master cylinder or caliper, replace the brake fluid.
Normally check the brake fluid level and add fluid as required.
2. On the inner parts of the master cylinder and caliper, replace the oil seals every two years.
3. Replace the brake hoses every four years, or if cracked or
damaged.
WARNING
Indicates a potential hazard that could
result in serious injury or death.
8-4
EBU00807
EBU01013
Panel removal and installation
Panel A
1. Panel A
1. Panel A
The panel illustrated needs to be removed to
perform some of the maintenance described
in this chapter.
Refer to this section each time the panel has
to be removed or installed.
To remove
Remove the bolts, and then take the panel off.
2. Bolt (× 2)
To install
Place the panel in the original position, and
then install the bolts.
8-5
EBU01014
Engine oil and oil filter cartridge
The engine oil level should be checked before
each ride. In addition, the oil must be changed
and the oil filter cartridge replaced at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance
and lubrication chart.
3. Wait a few minutes until the oil settles, remove the engine oil tank filler cap, wipe
the dipstick clean with a clean rag, insert
it back into the filler hole (without screwing it in), and then remove it again to
check the oil level.
To check the engine oil level
1. Place the ATV on a level surface.
2. Start the engine, warm it up until the engine oil has reached a normal temperature of 60 °C (141 °F), let it continue to
idle for ten seconds, and then turn the engine off.
NOTE:
To achieve the proper engine oil temperature
for an accurate oil level reading, the engine
must have first completely cooled down, and
then warmed up again for several minutes to
normal operating temperature.
_
1. Engine oil tank
3. Maximum level mark
2. Engine oil tank filler cap
4. Minimum level mark
NOTE:
The engine oil should be between the minimum and maximum level marks.
_
_
_
8-6
To change the engine oil (with or without
oil filter cartridge replacement)
4. If the engine oil is below the minimum
level mark, add sufficient oil of the recommended type to raise it to the correct level.
NOTE:
When adding oil, be careful not to overfill the
engine oil tank; the oil level rises faster starting from the half-level-portion on the dipstick.
_
_
5. Insert the dipstick into the oil filler hole,
and then tighten the oil filler cap.
CAUTION:
1. Engine guard
_
Make sure that the oil filler cap is securely
tightened, otherwise oil may seep out
when the engine is running.
2. Bolt (× 6)
1. Remove the engine guard by removing
the bolts.
2. Start the engine, warm it up for several
minutes, and then turn it off.
3. Place an oil pan under the engine to collect the used oil.
_
8-7
4. Remove the crankcase engine oil drain
bolt.
1. Engine oil tank drain bolt
5. Remove the engine oil tank filler cap and
the oil tank drain bolt.
6. Check the washers for damage, and replace if necessary.
1. Crankcase engine oil drain bolt
8-8
NOTE:
Skip steps 7–8 if the oil filter cartridge is not
being replaced.
_
_
7. Remove the oil filter cartridge with an oil
filter wrench.
1. O-ring
8. Apply a thin coat of engine oil to the O-ring
of the new oil filter cartridge.
NOTE:
Make sure that the O-ring is properly seated.
_
_
1. Oil filter cartridge
2. Oil filter wrench
9. Install a new oil filter cartridge and tighten
it to the specified torque with a torque
wrench.
NOTE:
An oil filter wrench is available at a nearby
Yamaha dealer.
_
Tightening torque:
Oil filter cartridge:
17 Nm (1.7 m·kgf, 12 ft·lb)
_
8-9
10. Install the crankcase engine oil drain bolt
and the engine oil tank drain bolt, then
tighten them to the specified torques.
CAUTION:
_
●
Tightening torques:
Crankcase engine oil drain bolt:
30 Nm (3.0 m·kgf, 22 ft·lb)
Engine oil tank drain bolt:
25 Nm (2.5 m·kgf, 18 ft·lb)
●
11. Add sufficient oil of the recommended
type to raise it to the correct level, and
then install and tighten the oil tank filler
cap.
In order to prevent clutch slippage
(since the engine oil also lubricates
the clutch), do not mix any chemical
additives with the oil or use oils of a
grade “CD” or higher. In addition, do
not use oils labeled “ENERGY CONSERVING II” or higher.
Make sure that no foreign material enters the crankcase.
_
12. Start the engine, and then let it idle for
several minutes while checking it for oil
leakage. If oil is leaking, immediately turn
the engine off and check for the cause.
13. Turn the engine off, and then check the
oil level and correct it if necessary.
Recommended engine oil:
See page 10-2.
8-10
EBU01015
Cooling system
1. Check the coolant level in the coolant
reservoir when the engine is cold as the
coolant level will vary with engine temperature. The coolant level should be between the maximum and minimum
marks.
Coolant reservoir capacity:
0.29 L (0.26 Imp qt, 0.31 US qt)
CAUTION:
_
Hard water or salt water is harmful to the
engine. You may use soft water if you can’t
get distilled water.
_
NOTE:
● If water is added, have a Yamaha dealer
check the antifreeze content of the coolant as soon as possible.
● The radiator fan operation is completely
automatic. It is switched on or off according to the coolant temperature in the radiator.
_
_
1. Coolant reservoir cap
3. Minimum level mark
If your ATV overheats, see page 8-51 for details.
2. Maximum level mark
2. If the level is low, remove the coolant reservoir cap, and then add coolant or distilled water to raise it to the specified
level.
8-11
EBU01016
Changing the coolant
1. Place the ATV on a level surface.
2. Remove panel A. (See page 8-5 for panel removal and installation procedures.)
3. Place a container under the engine, and
then remove the coolant drain bolt.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Removing the radiator cap when the engine and radiator are still hot.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could be burned by hot fluid and
steam blown out under pressure.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Wait for the engine to cool before removing the radiator cap. Always use a
thick rag over the cap. Allow any remaining pressure to escape before
completely removing the cap.
1. Coolant drain bolt
8-12
4. Remove the radiator cap.
5. Remove the coolant reservoir cap.
6. Disconnect the hose on the coolant reservoir side, and then drain the coolant
from the coolant reservoir.
1. Radiator cap
1. Coolant reservoir cap
2. Hose
7. After draining the coolant, thoroughly
flush the cooling system with clean tap
water.
8. Replace the coolant drain bolt washer if it
is damaged, and then tighten the coolant
drain bolt to the specified torque.
8-13
CAUTION:
Tightening torque:
Coolant drain bolt:
10 Nm (1.0 m·kgf, 7 ft·lb)
_
Hard water or salt water is harmful to the
engine. You may use soft water if you cannot get distilled water.
9. Install the coolant reservoir hose.
10. Pour the recommended coolant into the
radiator until it is full.
11. Fill the coolant reservoir with coolant up
to the maximum level.
_
12. Install the radiator cap and the coolant
reservoir cap.
13. Start the engine and let it idle for several
minutes. Stop the engine, and then
check the coolant level in the radiator. If it
is low, add more coolant until it reaches
the top of the radiator.
14. Check the coolant level in the reservoir. If
it is low, add coolant to the maximum level mark.
15. Start the engine and then check for coolant leakage.
Recommended antifreeze:
High quality ethylene glycol antifreeze
containing corrosion inhibitors for aluminum
engines.
Antifreeze and water mixing ratio:
1:1
Total amount:
1.3 L (1.14 Imp qt, 1.37 US qt)
Coolant reservoir capacity:
0.29 L (0.26 Imp qt, 0.31 US qt)
NOTE:
If any leakage is found, have a Yamaha dealer check the cooling system.
_
_
16. Install the panel.
8-14
EBU00680
Spark plug inspection
Removal
1. Remove the spark plug cap.
2. Use the spark plug wrench in the tool kit
to remove the spark plug as shown.
Inspection
The spark plug is an important engine component and is easy to inspect. The condition of
the spark plug can indicate the condition of
the engine.
The ideal color on the white insulator around
the center electrode is a medium-to-light tan
color for a ATV that is being ridden normally.
Do not attempt to diagnose such problems
yourself.
Instead, take the ATV to a Yamaha dealer.
You should periodically remove and inspect
the spark plug because heat and deposits will
cause the spark plug to slowly break down
and erode. If electrode erosion becomes excessive, or if carbon and other deposits are
excessive, you should replace the spark plug
with the specified plug.
a. Spark plug cap
Specified spark plug:
DPR8EA-9 (NGK)
8-15
Installation
1. Measure the electrode gap with a wire
thickness gauge and, if necessary, adjust
the gap to specification.
Tightening torque:
Spark plug:
17.5 Nm (1.75 m·kgf, 12.7 ft·lb)
NOTE:
If a torque wrench is not available when you
are installing a spark plug, a good estimate of
the correct torque is 1/4 to 1/2 turn past finger
tight. Have the spark plug tightened to the
specified torque as soon as possible.
Spark plug gap:
0.8 ~ 0.9 mm (0.03 ~ 0.04 in)
_
_
4. Install the spark plug cap.
a. Spark plug gap
2. Clean the gasket surface. Wipe off any
grime from the threads.
3. Install the spark plug and tighten it to the
specified torque.
8-16
EBU00792
Air filter element cleaning
NOTE:
There is a check hose at the bottom of the air
filter case. If dust or water collects in this
hose, empty the hose and clean the air filter
element and air filter case.
1. Air filter case cover
2. Holder (× 6)
3. Remove the air filter element and remove
it from its frame.
1. Check hose
1. Remove the seat. (See page 4-14 for
seat removal procedure.)
2. Remove the air filter case cover by unhooking the holders.
1. Unlock
8-17
2. Element retaining plate
WARNING
1. Frame
3. Element retaining plate
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Using low flash point solvents or gasoline to clean the air filter element.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Low flash point solvents or gasoline can
catch fire or explode.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Use parts cleaning solvent to clean the
air filter element.
2. Air filter element
4. Wash the element gently but thoroughly
in solvent.
5. Squeeze the excess solvent out of the filter element and let it dry.
CAUTION:
Do not twist the filter element when
squeezing it.
6. Inspect the element and replace it if damaged.
8-18
7. Apply Yamaha foam air filter oil or other
quality foam air filter oil to the element. If
foam air filter oil is not available, motor oil
may be used.
NOTE:
The air filter element should be cleaned every
20 ~ 40 hours. It should be cleaned and lubricated more often if the machine is operated in
extremely dusty areas. Each time the filter element maintenance is performed, check the
air inlet to the filter case for obstructions.
Check the air cleaner rubber joint to the carburetor and manifold fittings for an airtight
seal. Tighten all fittings securely to avoid the
possibility of unfiltered air entering the engine.
NOTE:
The element should be wet but not dripping.
8. Pull the element over its frame.
9. Install the element assembly.
10. Install the air filter case cover and be sure
to connect the hose.
CAUTION:
Never operate the engine with the air filter
element removed. This will allow unfiltered
air to enter, causing rapid engine wear and
possible engine damage. Additionally, operation without the filter element will affect
carburetor jetting with subsequent poor
performance and possible engine overheating.
1. Hose
8-19
EBU00780
Spark arrester cleaning
Be sure the exhaust pipe and muffler are cool
before cleaning the spark arrester.
1. Remove the bolt.
2. Remove the tailpipe by pulling it out of
the muffler.
3. Tap the tailpipe lightly, then use a wire
brush to remove any carbon deposits
from the spark arrester portion of the
tailpipe.
1. Bolt
1. Tailpipe
2. Spark arrester
4. Insert the tailpipe into the muffler and
align the bolt holes.
5. Install the bolt and tighten it.
8-20
EBU00296
Carburetor adjustment
The carburetor is a vital part of the engine and
requires very sophisticated adjustment. Most
adjusting should be left to a Yamaha dealer
who has the professional knowledge and experience to do so. However, the idling speed
may be performed by the owner as a part of
the usual maintenance routine.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper cleaning of the spark arrester.
Hot exhaust system
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could injure the eyes.
Could cause burns.
Could cause carbon monoxide poisoning, possibly leading to death.
Could start a fire.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
When cleaning the spark arrester:
Always let the exhaust system cool prior to touching exhaust components.
Do not start the engine when cleaning
the exhaust system.
CAUTION:
The carburetor was set at the Yamaha factory after many tests. If the settings are
disturbed by someone without sufficient
technical knowledge, poor engine performance and damage may result.
8-21
EBU00301
Idle speed adjustment
NOTE:
A diagnostic tachometer must be used for this
procedure.
1. Start the engine and warm it up for a few
minutes at approximately 1,000 to
2,000 r/min. Occasionally rev the engine
to 4,000 to 5,000 r/min. The engine is
warm when it quickly responds to the
throttle.
2. Connect the tachometer and set the idle
to the specified idling speed by adjusting
the throttle stop screw. Turn the screw in
to increase engine speed, and out to decrease engine speed.
1. Throttle stop screw
Specified idle speed:
1,450 ~ 1,550 r/min
8-22
EBU00303
EBU00307
Valve clearance adjustment
The correct valve clearance changes with
use, resulting in improper fuel/air supply or
engine noise. To prevent this, the valve clearance must be adjusted regularly. This adjustment however, should be left to a professional
Yamaha service technician.
Throttle lever adjustment
NOTE:
Adjust the engine idling speed before adjusting the throttle lever free play.
1. Loosen the locknut.
2. Turn the adjusting bolt until the throttle lever free play is 3 ~ 5 mm (0.12 ~ 0.20 in).
3. Tighten the locknut.
1. Locknut
a. Throttle lever free play
8-23
2. Adjusting bolt
EBU00983
Front and rear brake pad inspection
Each brake pad is provided with a wear indicator groove. The indicators allow checking of
brake pad wear without disassembling the
brake. Apply the brake and inspect the wear
indicators grooves. If the pad is worn to the
point that the wear indicator grooves are almost in contact with the disc plate, ask a
Yamaha dealer to replace the pads.
Rear
1. Wear indicator groove
Front
EBU01017
Inspecting the brake fluid level
Insufficient brake fluid may let air enter the
brake system, possibly causing the brakes to
become ineffective. Before riding, check that
the brake fluid is above the lower level and replenish when necessary.
NOTE:
To access the rear brake fluid reservoir, remove the reservoir cover by removing the
bolts.
1. Wear indicator groove
_
8-24
_
Rear
1. Reservoir cover
2. Bolt (× 2)
1. Minimum level mark
Observe these precautions:
● When checking the fluid level, make sure
the top of the brake fluid reservoir is level.
● Use only the designated quality brake fluid.
Otherwise, the rubber seals may deteriorate, causing leakage and poor brake performance.
Front
Recommended brake fluid: DOT 4
●
1. Minimum level mark
8-25
Refill with the same type of brake fluid. Mixing
fluids may result in a harmful chemical reaction and lead to poor brake performance.
●
●
●
Be careful that water does not enter the
brake fluid reservoir when refilling. Water
will significantly lower the boiling point of
the fluid and may result in vapor lock.
Brake fluid may deteriorate painted surfaces or plastic parts. Always clean up spilled
fluid immediately.
Have a Yamaha dealer check the cause if
the brake fluid level goes down.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating with improperly serviced or
adjusted brakes.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could lose braking ability, which
could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
After servicing:
sure the brakes operate
● Make
smoothly and that the free play is correct.
● Make sure the brakes do not drag.
● Make sure the brakes are not spongy.
All air must be bled from the brake
system.
Replacement of brake components requires professional knowledge. These
procedures should be performed by a
Yamaha dealer.
EBU00752
Brake fluid replacement
1. Complete fluid replacement should be
done only by trained Yamaha service
personnel.
2. Have a Yamaha dealer replace the following components during periodic maintenance or when they are damaged or
leaking.
● Replace all rubber seals every two
years.
● Replace all hoses every four years.
8-26
EBU00623
Front brake adjustment
The front brake lever should have a free play
of 0 mm (0.0 in) at the lever end. If not, ask a
Yamaha dealer to adjust it.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating with improperly serviced or
adjusted brakes.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could lose braking ability, which
could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
After servicing:
sure the brakes operate
● Make
smoothly and that the free play is correct.
● Make sure the brakes do not drag.
● Make sure the brakes are not spongy.
All air must be bled from the brake
system.
Replacement of brake components requires professional knowledge. These
procedures should be performed by a
Yamaha dealer.
a. Free play
8-27
EBU00920
Rear brake adjustment
Pedal height adjustment
The top of the brake pedal should be positioned 4 mm (0.16 in) below the top of the
footrest. If not, ask a Yamaha dealer to adjust
it.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating with improperly serviced or
adjusted brakes.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could lose braking ability, which
could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
After servicing:
sure the brakes operate
● Make
smoothly and that the brake pedal position is correct.
● Make sure the brakes do not drag.
● Make sure the brakes are not spongy.
All air must be bled from the brake
system.
Replacement of brake components requires professional knowledge. These
procedures should be performed by a
Yamaha dealer.
a. Brake pedal position
8-28
EBU00932
Parking brake adjustment
Parking brake adjustment may be required if
the parking brake does not hold properly.
1. Fully loosen the parking brake cable adjusting bolt locknut and the adjusting bolt
on the clutch lever.
1. Locknut
a. Cable length
2. Adjusting bolt
3. Turn the adjusting bolt on the clutch lever
so that cable length a is 64 ~ 68 mm
(2.52 ~ 2.68 in).
NOTE:
If the cable cannot be adjusted to specification, consult a Yamaha dealer.
_
1. Locknut
2. Adjusting bolt
2. Loosen the adjusting bolt locknut and the
adjusting bolt on the rear brake caliper.
_
4. Tighten the adjusting bolt locknut on the
clutch lever.
8-29
5. Screw in the adjusting bolt on the brake
caliper by hand until it feels tight, then
screw it out 1/8 turn. Tighten the adjusting bolt locknut to the specified torque.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating with improperly adjusted
brakes.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The brakes could malfunction, causing
reduced braking performance. This
could increase the chance of a collision
or accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
After adjusting the parking brake, block
the rear of the machine off the ground
and spin the rear wheels. Check to make
sure there is no brake drag. If brake drag
is noticed, perform the adjustment
again.
Tightening torque:
Locknut:
16 Nm (1.6 m·kgf, 12 ft·lb)
CAUTION:
_
When tightening the locknut, hold the adjusting bolt with a wrench so that the adjusting bolt does not turn together with the
locknut.
_
8-30
EBU00833
EBU00741
Adjusting the rear brake light switch
The rear brake light switch, which is activated
by the brake pedal and brake lever, is properly adjusted when the brake light comes on just
before braking takes effect. If necessary, adjust the brake light switch as follows.
Turn the adjusting nut while holding the rear
brake light switch in place. To make the brake
light come on earlier, turn the adjusting nut in
direction a. To make the brake light come on
later, turn the adjusting nut in direction b.
Clutch lever free play adjustment
The clutch lever free play should be adjusted
to 5 ~ 10 mm (0.20 ~ 0.39 in).
1. Loosen the locknut at the clutch lever.
2. Turn the adjusting bolt at the clutch lever
in direction a to increase the free play or
in direction b to decrease the free play.
3. Tighten the locknut at the clutch lever.
NOTE:
If the specified free play cannot be obtained,
proceed with the following steps.
4. Loosen the locknut at the clutch lever.
5. Turn the adjusting bolt at the clutch lever
in direction a to loosen the cable.
1. Rear brake light switch
2. Adjusting nut
8-31
6. Loosen the locknut at the crankcase
side.
7. Turn the adjusting nut at the crankcase in
direction a to increase the free play or in
direction b to decrease the free play.
8. Tighten the locknut at the crankcase and
the clutch lever.
1. Locknut
c. Free play
2. Adjusting bolt
1. Locknut
8-32
2. Adjusting nut
EBU00350
EBU00917
Drive chain slack check
Inspect the drive chain while all tires are
touching the ground. Check the slack at the
position shown in the figure. The normal vertical deflection is approximately 27 ~ 37 mm
(1.1 ~ 1.5 in). If the deflection exceeds 37 mm
(1.5 in), adjust the chain slack.
Drive chain slack adjustment
1. Loosen the rear wheel hub upper and
lower nuts.
1. Upper wheel hub nut
2. Lower wheel hub nut
2. Loosen the adjusting bolt locknuts on
each side of the swingarm. To tighten the
drive chain, turn the adjusting bolts in direction a. To loosen the drive chain, turn
the adjusting bolts in direction b and
push the wheels forward. Turn each adjusting bolt exactly the same amount to
maintain correct axle alignment.
a. Drive chain slack
8-33
There are alignment marks on each side of
the swingarm and on the hub. Use them to
check for proper wheel axle alignment.
1. Locknut (× 2)
3. Alignment marks
Tightening torque:
Locknut:
16 Nm (1.6 m·kgf, 12 ft·lb)
Upper wheel hub nut:
90 Nm (9.0 m·kgf, 65 ft·lb)
Lower wheel hub nut:
90 Nm (9.0 m·kgf, 65 ft·lb)
2. Adjusting bolt (× 2)
3. After adjusting, tighten the adjusting bolt
locknuts and the wheel hub nuts to the
specified torques.
8-34
EBU00805
Lubricating the drive chain
The drive chain must be cleaned and lubricated at the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart, otherwise
it will quickly wear out, especially when riding
in dusty or wet areas. Service the drive chain
as follows.
1. Clean the drive chain with kerosene and
a small soft brush.
CAUTION:
To prevent damaging the O-rings, do not
clean the drive chain with steam cleaners,
high-pressure washers or inappropriate
solvents.
2. Wipe the drive chain dry.
3. Thoroughly lubricate the drive chain with
a special O-ring chain lubricant.
CAUTION:
Do not use engine oil or any other lubricants for the drive chain, as they may contain substances that could damage the Orings.
1. O-rings
CAUTION:
The drive chain must be lubricated after
washing the ATV or riding in the rain.
8-35
EBU00356
Cable inspection and lubrication
Lubricate the inner cables and the cable ends.
If the cables do not operate smoothly, ask a
Yamaha dealer to replace them.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Damaged control cables.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Corrosion can result when the outer
covering of control cables becomes
damaged. Cables can also become
frayed or kinked. Operation of controls
could be restricted, which could cause
an accident or injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Inspect cables frequently. Replace damaged cables.
Recommended lubricant:
Yamaha chain and cable lube or
SAE 10W30 motor oil
EBU00737
Brake and shift pedal/brake and clutch
lever lubrication
Lubricate the pivoting parts of each lever and
pedal.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
(all-purpose grease)
8-36
EBU01018
Front upper and lower arm pivot
lubrication
Lubricate the upper and lower arm pivots.
Right side
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
Left side
1. Upper
1. Upper
2. Lower
8-37
2. Lower
EBU01019
Rear arm pivot lubrication
Lubricate the rear arm pivot.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
8-38
EBU00373
Wheel removal
1. Elevate the wheel by placing a suitable
stand under the frame.
2. Remove the nuts from the wheel.
3. Remove the wheel assembly.
Rear
Front
1. Nut (× 4)
1. Nut (× 4)
8-39
EBU00782
Rear
Wheel installation
When installing a wheel, reverse the removal
procedure.
NOTE:
● When installing a front wheel, the arrow
mark
on the tire must point toward the
rotating direction of the wheel.
● When installing a rear wheel, the wording
on the tire “SIDE FACING OUTWARDS”
must be facing outwards.
1. “SIDE FACING OUTWARDS”
Tighten the wheel nuts to the specified torque.
Front
Wheel nut torque:
Front: 45 Nm (4.5 m·kgf, 33 ft·lb)
Rear: 45 Nm (4.5 m·kgf, 33 ft·lb)
1. Arrow mark
8-40
EBU00380
Battery
This machine is equipped with a sealed-type
battery. Therefore it is not necessary to check
the electrolyte or add distilled water in the battery. If the battery seems to have discharged,
consult a Yamaha dealer.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Always shield eyes when working
near batteries. Keep out of reach of children.
Antidote:
EXTERNAL: Flush with water.
INTERNAL: Drink large quantities of water or milk. Follow with milk of magnesia, beaten egg or vegetable oil. Get
prompt medical attention.
EYES: Flush with water for 15 minutes
and get prompt medical attention. Keep
batteries away from sparks, flames, cigarettes or other sources of ignition. Ventilate when charging or using in a closed
space.
CAUTION:
Do not try to remove the sealing caps of
the battery cells. You may damage the battery.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to handle batteries or battery
electrolyte carefully.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could be poisoned. You could be
severely burned by the sulfuric acid in
battery electrolyte. Batteries produce
explosive gases.
8-41
EBU00385
EBU00390
Battery maintenance
1. When the machine is not used for a
month or longer, remove the battery and
store it in a cool, dark place. Completely
recharge the battery before reinstallation.
Fuse replacement
1. The fuse case is located under the seat.
2. If the fuse is blown, turn off the main
switch and install a new fuse of the specified amperage. Then turn on the switches. If the fuse immediately blows again,
consult a Yamaha dealer.
CAUTION:
A special battery charger (constant voltage/ampere or constant voltage) is required for recharging a sealed-type
battery. Using a conventional battery
charger may shorten the battery life.
Specified fuse: 20 A
2. Always make sure the connections are
correct when putting the battery back in
the machine.
1. Fuse
8-42
2. Spare fuse
EBU01020
Replacing a headlight bulb
1. Remove the headlight assembly by removing the bolts.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Using an improper fuse.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
An improper fuse can cause damage to
the electrical system which could lead
to a fire.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always use a fuse of the specified rating. Never use a material in place of the
proper fuse.
CAUTION:
1. Headlight assembly
To prevent accidental short-circuiting,
turn off the main switch when checking or
replacing a fuse.
8-43
2. Bolt (× 2)
2. Disconnect the headlight coupler.
3. Remove the screw.
1. Headlight coupler
1. Screw
4. Remove the headlight cover from the
headlight assembly.
8-44
NOTE:
Pull outward on the rear of the headlight unit,
and then pull outward on the front.
5. Remove the screw and pull the headlight
unit out from its case.
_
_
6. Remove the headlight bulb holder cover.
1. Screw
1. Headlight bulb holder cover
1. Headlight unit
2. Headlight case
8-45
7. Push the headlight bulb holder inward,
turn it counterclockwise and remove the
defective bulb.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
A headlight bulb is hot when it is on and
immediately after it is turned off.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You can be burned, or a fire could start
if the bulb touches something flammable.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Wait for the bulb to cool before touching
or removing it.
1. Headlight bulb holder
8-46
8. Put a new headlight bulb into position
and secure it in place with the bulb holder.
1. Headlight bulb
10. Align the projections with the holders, install the headlight unit into the case, and
install the screw.
11. Install the headlight cover in the original
position, and then install the screw.
12. Connect the headlight coupler.
13. Install the headlight assembly in the original position and tighten the bolts.
14. Have a Yamaha dealer adjust the headlight beam if necessary.
2. Headlight bulb holder
9. Install the headlight bulb holder cover.
CAUTION:
_
Make sure the headlight bulb holder cover
is securely fitted over the bulb holder and
seated against the reflector.
_
8-47
EBU01021
Tail/brake light bulb replacement
1. Remove the screws and the lens.
1. Bulb
1. Lens
3. Install a new bulb by pushing it inward
and turning it clockwise.
4. Install the lens and tighten the screws.
2. Screw (× 2)
2. Remove the defective bulb by pushing it
inward and turning it counterclockwise.
CAUTION:
_
Do not overtighten the screws as the lens
may break.
_
8-48
EBU00412
Troubleshooting
Although Yamaha machines receive a rigid inspection before shipment from the factory,
trouble may occur during operation. Any problem in the fuel, compression, or ignition systems can cause poor starting and loss of
power. The troubleshooting chart describes a
quick, easy procedure for making checks. If
your machine requires any repair, take it to a
Yamaha dealer.
The skilled technicians at a Yamaha dealership have the tools, experience, and knowhow to properly service your machine. Use
only genuine Yamaha parts on your machine.
Imitation parts may look like Yamaha parts,
but they are often inferior. Consequently, they
have a shorter service life and can lead to expensive repair bills.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Checking the fuel system while smoking or near an open flame.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Fuel can ignite or explode, causing severe injury or property damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Do not smoke when checking the fuel
system. Make sure there are no open
flames or sparks in the area, including
pilot lights from water heaters or furnaces.
8-49
EBU00806
Troubleshooting charts
Starting problems or poor engine performance
Turn the fuel cock
lever to “ON”.
There is fuel.
Turn the fuel cock
lever to “OFF”.
Remove the fuel hose
from the fuel cock.
Some fuel.
Turn the fuel cock
lever to “RES”.
Restart the engine.
No fuel.
Supply fuel.
1. Fuel
Check if there is fuel
in the fuel tank.
2. Compression
Use the electric
starter to see if
there is compression.
3. Ignition
There is compression.
Compression normal.
No compression.
Ask a Yamaha dealer to
inspect.
Wet
Dry
Wipe clean with dry cloth.
Attach spark plug cap and
ground to chassis.
Use the
electric starter.
Battery is good.
Engine turns over
slowly.
Check the connections.
Ignition system is
normal.
Adjust the spark plug gap
or replace the spark plug.
Use the electric starter.
8-50
Fuel cock is
clogged.
Spark is weak.
No spark.
Engine turns over
quickly.
No fuel.
Clean the
fuel cock.
Spark is good.
Remove the
spark plug and
check the electrodes.
4. Battery
Check the
fuel flow.
Ask a Yamaha dealer to
inspect.
Engine overheating
WARNING
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Wait for the engine to cool before removing the radiator cap. Always use a
thick rag over the cap. Allow any remaining pressure to escape before
completely removing the cap.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Removing the radiator cap when the engine and radiator are still hot.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could be burned by hot fluid and
steam blown out under pressure.
Leakage.
Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect
and repair the cooling system.
No
leakage.
Add coolant. (See NOTE.)
Level is low, check the
cooling system for leakage.
Wait until the
engine has cooled.
Check the coolant level in the
reservoir tank and/or radiator.
Level is OK.
Restart the engine. If the engine overheats again, ask a
Yamaha dealer to inspect and/or repair the cooling system.
NOTE:
If it is difficult to get the recommended coolant, tap water can be temporarily used, provided that
it is changed to the recommended coolant as soon as possible.
8-51
EBU00417
CLEANING AND STORAGE
CAUTION:
Excessive water pressure may cause water seepage and deterioration of wheel
bearings, brakes, transmission seals and
electrical devices. Many expensive repair
bills have resulted from improper high
pressure detergent applications such as
those available in coin-operated car washers.
A. CLEANING
Frequent, thorough cleaning of your machine
will not only enhance its appearance but will
improve its general performance and extend
the useful life of many components.
1. Before cleaning the machine:
a. Block off the end of the exhaust pipe to
prevent water entry. A plastic bag and
strong rubber band may be used.
b. Make sure the spark plug and all filler
caps are properly installed.
2. If the engine case is excessively greasy,
apply degreaser with a paint brush. Do
not apply degreaser to the chain, sprockets or wheel axles.
3. Rinse the dirt and degreaser off with a
garden hose. Use only enough pressure
to do the job.
4. Once the majority of the dirt has been
hosed off, wash all surfaces with warm
water and mild, detergent-type soap. An
old toothbrush or bottle brush is handy for
hard-to-get-at places.
5. Rinse the machine off immediately with
clean water and dry all surfaces with a
chamois, clean towel or soft absorbent
cloth.
6. Dry the chain and lubricate it to prevent
rust.
9-1
7. Clean the seat with a vinyl upholstery
cleaner to keep the cover pliable and
glossy.
8. Automotive type wax may be applied to
all painted and chrome plated surfaces.
Avoid combination cleaner-waxes. Many
contain abrasives which may mar the
paint or protective finish. When finished,
start the engine and let it idle for several
minutes.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operation with wet brakes after washing.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Wet brakes may have reduced stopping
ability, increasing the chance of an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Test the brakes after washing. Apply the
brakes several times at slow speeds to
let friction dry out the linings.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
9-2
EBU00525
B. STORAGE
Long term storage (60 days or more) of your
machine will require some preventive procedures to guard against deterioration. After
thoroughly cleaning the machine, prepare for
storage as follows:
1. Fill the fuel tank with fresh fuel and add
the specified amount of Yamaha Fuel
Stabilizer and Conditioner or an equivalent product.
2. Remove the spark plug, pour about one
tablespoon of SAE 10W30 or 20W40
motor oil in the spark plug hole and reinstall the spark plug. Ground the spark
plug wire and turn the engine over several times to coat the cylinder wall with oil.
3. Clean the drive chain thoroughly and lubricate it. (See page 8-35.)
4. Lubricate all control cables.
5. Block up the frame to raise all wheels off
the ground.
6. Tie a plastic bag over the exhaust pipe
outlet to prevent moisture from entering.
7. If storing in a humid or salt-air atmosphere, coat all exposed metal surfaces
with a light film of oil. Do not apply oil to
any rubber parts or the seat cover.
Specified amount:
1 oz of stabilizer to each gallon of fuel
(or 7.5 cc of stabilizer to each liter of
fuel)
NOTE:
Use of fuel stabilizer and conditioner eliminates the need to drain the fuel system. Consult a Yamaha dealer if the fuel system needs
to be drained instead.
9-3
8. Remove the battery and charge it. Store
it in a dry place and recharge it once a
month. Do not store the battery in an excessively warm or cold place (less than
0°C (30°F) or more than 30°C (90°F)).
NOTE:
Make any necessary repairs before storing
the machine.
9-4
EBU00428
SPECIFICATIONS
MODEL
YFM660R
Dimension:
Overall length
Overall width
Overall height
Seat height
Wheel base
Ground clearance
Minimum turning radius
1,830 mm (
72 in)
1,100 mm ( 43.3 in)
1,150 mm ( 45.3 in)
860 mm ( 33.9 in)
1,245 mm (
49 in)
265 mm ( 10.4 in)
3,300 mm ( 129.9 in)
Basic weight:
With oil and full fuel tank
193 kg (426 lb)
Engine:
Type
Cylinder arrangement
Displacement
Bore × stroke
Compression ratio
Starting system
Lubrication system
Liquid-cooled, 4-stroke, SOHC
Forward inclined single cylinder
660 cm3
100× 84 mm (3.94 × 3.31 in)
9.2 : 1
Electric starter
Dry sump
10-1
MODEL
YFM660R
Engine oil:
Type
0˚
10˚
30˚
50˚
70˚
90˚
110˚
130˚F
1
2
YAMALUBE 4 (20W40) or SAE 20W40
YAMALUBE 4 (10W30) or SAE 10W30
3
4
SAE 5W30
-20˚
Recommended engine oil classification:
-10˚
0˚
10˚
20˚
30˚
40˚
50˚C
API Service SE, SF, SG type or higher
CAUTION:
Be sure to use motor oils that do not contain antifriction modifiers. Passenger car motor oils (often
labeled “ENERGY CONSERVING II”) contain antifriction additives which will cause clutch and/or
starter clutch slippage, resulting in reduced component life and poor engine performance.
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Quantity:
Periodic oil change
With oil filter replacement
Total amount
1.9 L (1.67 Imp qt, 2.01 US qt)
1.95 L (1.72 Imp qt, 2.06 US qt)
2.3 L (2.02 Imp qt, 2.43 US qt)
10-2
13
14
MODEL
YFM660R
Radiator capacity (including all routes):
1.3 L (1.14 lmp qt, 1.37 US qt)
Air filter:
Wet type element
Fuel:
Type
Tank capacity
Reserve amount
UNLEADED GASOLINE ONLY
12 L (2.64 Imp gal, 3.17 US gal)
2.6 L (0.57 Imp gal, 0.69 US gal)
Carburetor:
Type × quantity
Manufacturer
BSR33 × 2
MIKUNI
Spark plug:
Type/manufacturer
Gap
DPR8EA-9/NGK
0.8 ~ 0.9 mm (0.03 ~ 0.04 in)
Clutch:
Type
Operation
Wet, multiple-disc
Left hand operation
Transmission:
Primary Reduction System
Primary Reduction Ratio
Secondary Reduction System
Secondary Reduction Ratio
Transmission type
Operation
Spur gear
71/34 (2.088)
Chain drive
40/13 (3.076)
Constant mesh, 5-speed forward, 1-speed reverse
Left foot operation
10-3
MODEL
YFM660R
Gear ratio:
31/12 (2.583)
30/18 (1.667)
27/21 (1.286)
22/21 (1.047)
19/21 (0.904)
33/25 × 25/18 (1.833)
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
Reverse
Chassis:
Frame type
Caster angle
Trail
Steel tube
8°
47 mm (1.85 in)
Tire:
Type
Size: Front
Size: Rear
Tubeless
AT21 × 7 - 10
AT20 × 10 - 9
Brake:
Front brake type
Operation
Rear brake type
Operation
Dual disc brake
Right hand operation
Single disc brake
Right foot operation
Suspension:
Front
Rear
Double wishbone
Swingarm (link suspension)
Shock absorber:
Front
Rear
Coil spring/oil damper
Coil spring/gas-oil damper
10-4
MODEL
YFM660R
Wheel travel:
Front
Rear
230 mm (9.06 in)
220 mm (8.66 in)
Electrical:
Ignition system
Generator system
Battery type/voltage capacity
DC-C.D.I.
A.C. magneto
YTX14-BS/12V, 12Ah
Headlight type:
Krypton bulb
Bulb voltage, wattage × quantity:
Headlight
Tail/brake light
Indicator/warning lights:
Neutral
Reverse
Coolant temperature
12V, 30W/30W × 2
12V, 5W/21W × 1
12V, 1.7W × 1
12V, 1.7W × 1
12V, 1.7W × 1
Fuse:
20 A
10-5
EBU00430
NOISE REGULATION
TAMPERING WITH NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM PROHIBITED:
Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing thereof: (1) The removal or rendering inoperative by any person other than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or replacement of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior
to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use or (2) the use of the vehicle after
such device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person.
“AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE THE ACTS LISTED
BELOW.”
These acts include tampering with the following systems; i.e., modification, removal, etc.
Exhaust system
Muffler
Exhaust pipe
Silencer
Intake system
Air cleaner case
Air cleaner element
Intake duct
11-1
EBU00431
MAINTENANCE RECORD
Copies of work orders and/or receipts for parts you purchase and install will be required to document maintenance done in accordance with the warranty. The chart below is printed only as a reminder to you that the maintenance work is required. It is not acceptable proof of maintenance
work.
ACL-02EACL-02E
MAINTENANCE
INTERVAL
DATE OF
SERVICE
MILEAGE
SERVICING DEALER
NAME AND ADDRESS
1
2
3
4
5
REMARKS
6
1 Month
3 Months
7
6 Months
8
12 Months
9
18 Months
24 Months
10
30 Months
11
36 Months
12
42 Months
48 Months
13
54 Months
14
60 Months
12-1
EBU00432
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A.
ATV LIMITED WARRANTY
13-1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
13-2
EBU00435
YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE (Y.E.S.)
14-1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
14-2
EBU00436
WARNING
Indicates a potential hazard that could
result in serious injury or death.
14-3
EBU00437
14-5
EBU00438
WARNING
Improper ATV use can result in SEVERE INJURY or DEATH.
ALWAYS USE
AN APPROVED
HELMET AND
PROTECTIVE GEAR
NEVER USE
ON PUBLIC
ROADS
NEVER CARRY
PASSENGERS
NEVER USE
WITH DRUGS
OR ALCOHOL
NEVER operate:
ALWAYS:
• without proper training or instruction.
• use proper riding techniques to avoid
• at speeds too fast for your skills or
vehicle overturns on hills and rough terrain
and in turns.
the conditions.
• avoid paved surfaces-pavement may
• on public roads-a collision can occur with
seriously affect handling and control.
another vehicle.
• with a passenger-passengers affect balance
and steering and increase risk
of losing control.
LOCATE AND READ OWNER'S MANUAL. FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS.
(For replacement manual, call 1-800-532-1558)
YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.
PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER
PRINTED IN JAPAN
2001 . 7 - 6.0 × 1 CR
(E)