PURSUIT 2665 DENALI Owner`s manual

2665 DENALI
OWNER’S MANUAL
FISHING BOATS
3901 St. Lucie Blvd.
Ft. Pierce, Florida 34946
2665 DENALI
Print Date 10/2002
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2665 DENALI
SAFETY INFORMATION
Your
2665 Denali Owner’s Manual has been
written to include a number of safety instructions to assure the
safe operation and maintenance of your boat. These instructions
are in the form of DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION, and
NOTICE statements. The following definitions apply:
IMMEDIATE HAZARDS WHICH WILL RESULT IN
SEVERE PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH.
HAZARDS OR UNSAFE PRACTICES WHICH COULD
RESULT IN SEVERE PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH.
HAZARDS OR UNSAFE PRACTICES WHICH COULD
RESULT IN MINOR PERSONAL INJURY OR PRODUCT
AND PROPERTY DAMAGE.
NOTICE
INFORMATION WHICH IS IMPORTANT TO PROPER
OPERATION OR MAINTENANCE, BUT IS NOT HAZARD
RELATED.
All instructions given in this book are as seen from the stern
looking toward the bow, with starboard being to your right, and
port to your left. A glossary of boating terms is included.
IMPORTANT NOTE: Your boat uses internal combustion
engines and flammable fuel. Every precaution has been taken
by Pursuit Fishing Boats to reduce the risks associated with
possible injury and damage from fire or explosion, but your
own precaution and good maintenance procedures are necessary in order to enjoy safe operation of your boat.
2665 DENALI
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2665 DENALI
BOAT INFORMATION
Please fill out the following information section and leave it in your 2665
Denali Owner’s Manual. This information will be important for you and
Pursuit service personnel to know, if and when you may need to call Pursuit
for technical assistance or service.
BOAT
MODEL:
HULL SERIAL #:
PURCHASE DATE:
DELIVERY DATE:
IGNITION KEYS #:
REGISTRATION #:
DRAFT:
WEIGHT:
ENGINES
MAKE:
MODEL:
PORT SERIAL #:
STARBOARD SERIAL #:
TRANSMISSION(S) (Inboard)
MAKE:
MODEL:
PORT SERIAL #:
STARBOARD SERIAL #:
RATIO:
OUTDRIVE(S) (Inboard/Outboard)
MAKE:
MODEL:
PORT SERIAL #:
STARBOARD SERIAL #:
PROPELLER(S)
MAKE:
BLADES:
DIAMETER/PITCH:
OTHER:
TRAILER
MAKE:
MODEL:
SERIAL #:
GVRW:
DEALER
PURSUIT
NAME:
PHONE:
DEALER/PHONE:
REPRESENTATIVE:
SALESMAN:
ADDRESS:
SERVICE MANAGER:
ADDRESS:
Pursuit Fishing Boats reserves the right to make changes and improvements in equipment, design and vendored
equipment items, at any time without notification.
2665 DENALI
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2665 DENALI
CERTIFICATIONS & SPECIFICATIONS
(For Export Only)
To be in compliance with European directives for recreational boats as published by the
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in effect at the time this boat was
manufactured, we are providing the following information.
Manufacturer:
Name
Address
Zip Code:
Identification Numbers:
Hull Identification Number
Engine Serial Number
Transmission Serial Number
Intended Design Category:
Ocean
Inshore
Offshore
Sheltered Waters
Weight and Maximum Capacities:
Unladen Weight - Kilograms (Pounds)
Maximum Load - Weight- Kilograms (Pounds)
Number of People
Maximum Rated Engine Horsepower - Kilowatts (Horsepower)
Certifications:
Certifications & Components Covered
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2665 DENALI
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Warranty and Warranty Registration Cards
The Denali Limited Warranty Statement is included with your boat. It has been written to be
clearly stated and easily understood. If you have any questions after reading the warranty, please
contact the Pursuit Customer Relations Department.
Pursuit, engine manufacturers, and the suppliers of major components maintain their own
manufacturer's warranty and service facilities. It is important that you properly complete the
warranty registration cards included with your boat and engines and mail them back to the
manufacturer to register your ownership. This should be done within 15 days of the date of
purchase and before the boat is put into service. A form for recording this information is provided
at the beginning of this manual. This information will be important for you and service personnel
to know, if and when you may need service or technical information.
The boat warranty registration requires the Hull Identification Number “HIN” which is
located on the starboard side of the transom, just below the rubrail. The engine warranty
registration requires the engine serial number(s). Please refer to the engine owner's manual for
the location of the serial number(s).
IMPORTANT:
All boat manufacturers are required by the Federal Boat Safety Act of 1971 to notify first time
owners in the event any defect is discovered “which creates a substantial risk of personal injury
to the public.” It is essential that we have your warranty registration card complete with
your name and mailing address in our files so that we can comply with the law if it should
become necessary.
Product Changes
Pursuit is committed to the continuous improvement of our boats. As a result, some of the
equipment described in this manual or pictured in the catalog may change or no longer be
available. Pursuit reserves the right to change standard equipment, optional equipment
and specifications without notice or obligation. If you have questions about the equipment on
your Pursuit, please contact the Pursuit Customer Relations Department.
Transferring the Warranty
For a transfer fee, S2 Yachts will extend warranty coverage to subsequent owners of Pursuit
models for the duration of the original warranty period. Please refer to the Denali Limited
Warranty Statement for the procedure to transfer the warranty.
To take advantage of this program, notification of the change of ownership, including the new
owner's name, address and telephone number together with the appropriate fee, must be sent to
Pursuit Fishing Boats, Customer Relations Department, 3901 St. Lucie Boulevard, Ft. Pierce,
Florida 34946, within 30 days of the date of resale.
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IMPORTANT INFORMATION
S2 Yachts will confirm, in writing, that the transfer of the warranty has taken place. After which,
the transferee will be treated as the original purchaser as outlined in the Denali Limited Warranty
Statement.
Service
All warranty repairs must be performed by an authorized Pursuit dealer. Should a problem
develop that is related to faulty workmanship or materials, as stated in the Limited Warranty, you
should contact your Pursuit dealer to arrange for the necessary repair. If you are not near your
dealer or another authorized Pursuit dealer or the dealer fails to remedy the cause of the problem,
then contact the Pursuit Customer Relations Department within 15 days. It is the boat owner's
responsibility to deliver the boat to the dealer for warranty service.
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2665 DENALI
OWNER'S/OPERATOR'S
RESPONSIBILITIES
Registration and Numbering
Federal law requires that all undocumented vessels equipped with propulsion machinery be
registered in the state of principal use. A certificate of number will be issued upon registering
the boat. These numbers must be displayed on your boat. The owner/operator of a boat must
carry a valid certificate of number whenever the boat is in use. When moved to a new state of
principal use, the certificate is valid for 60 days.
In order to be valid, the numbers must be installed to the proper specifications. Check with your
dealer or State Boating Authority for numbering requirements. The Coast Guard issues the
certificate of number in Alaska; all others are issued by the state.
Insurance
In most states, the boat owner is legally responsible for damages or injuries he or someone else
operating the boat causes. Responsible boaters carry adequate liability and property damage
insurance for their boat. You should also protect the boat against physical damage and theft.
Some states have laws requiring minimum insurance coverage. Contact your dealer or State
Boating Authority for information on the insurance requirements in your boating area.
Reporting Boating Accidents
All boating accidents must be reported by the operator or owner of the boat to the proper marine
law enforcement authority for the state in which the accident occurred. Immediate notification
is required if a person dies or disappears as a result of a recreational boating accident.
If a person dies or there are injuries requiring more than first aid, a formal report must be filed
within 48 hours.
A formal report must be made within 10 days for accidents involving more than $500.00 damage
or the complete loss of a boat.
A Boating Accident Report form is located near the back of this manual to assist you in reporting
an accident. If you need additional information regarding accident reporting, please call the
Boating Safety Hotline, 800-368-5647.
Education
If you are not an experienced boater, we recommend that the boat operator and other people that
normally accompany the operator, enroll in a boating safety course. Organizations such as the
U.S. Power Squadrons, United States Coast Guard Auxiliary, State Boating Authorities and the
American Red Cross offer excellent boating educational programs. These courses are worthwhile even for experienced boaters to sharpen your skills or bring you up to date on current rules
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OWNER'S/OPERATOR'S
RESPONSIBILITIES
and regulations. They can also help in providing local navigational information when moving
to a new boating area. Contact your dealer, State Boating Authority or the Boating Safety
Hotline, 800-368-5647 for further information on boating safety courses.
Required Equipment
U.S. Coast Guard regulations require certain equipment on each boat. The Coast Guard also sets
minimum safety standards for vessels and associated equipment. To meet these standards some
of the equipment must be Coast Guard approved. “Coast Guard Approved Equipment” has been
determined to be in compliance with USCG specifications and regulations relating to performance, construction, or materials. The equipment requirements vary according to the length,
type of boat, and the propulsion system. Some of the Coast Guard equipment is described in the
Safety Equipment chapter of this manual. For a more detailed description, obtain “Federal
Requirements And Safety Tips For Recreational Boats” by contacting the Boating Safety
Hotline 800-368-5647 or your local marine dealer or retailer.
Some state and local agencies impose similar equipment requirements on waters that do not fall
under Coast Guard jurisdiction. These agencies may also require additional equipment that is
not required by the Coast Guard. Your dealer or local boating authority can provide you with
additional information for the equipment requirements for your boating area.
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2665 DENALI
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1::
Propulsion System
Page No.
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
General .................................................................................... 19
Drive Systems .......................................................................... 20
Engine Exhaust System ............................................................. 21
Engine Cooling System ............................................................. 21
Propellers ................................................................................. 22
Engine Instrumentation .............................................................. 23
Chapter 2:
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
General .................................................................................... 27
Cable Engine Throttle and Shift Controls ................................... 27
Volvo Diesel Electronic Controls .............................................. 28
Neutral Safety Switch ............................................................... 28
Engine Stop Switch .................................................................. 29
Outdrive Power Tilt and Trim ................................................... 29
Steering System ....................................................................... 30
Trim Tabs ................................................................................ 30
Control Systems Maintenance .................................................. 31
Chapter 3:
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
Helm Control Systems
Fuel System
General ....................................................................................
Gasoline Engine Fuel System ....................................................
Diesel Engine Fuel System ........................................................
Fueling Instructions...................................................................
Fuel System Maintenance .........................................................
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34
35
36
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 4:
Electrical System
Page No.
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
General ................................................................................... 41
Batteries .................................................................................. 41
DC Distribution System ........................................................... 42
Switch Panels .......................................................................... 42
Electrical System Maintenance ................................................. 45
Chapter 5:
5.1
5.2
5.3
General ................................................................................. 47
Freshwater System Operation ............................................... 47
Freshwater System Maintenance ........................................... 48
Chapter 6:
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
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Raw Water System
General ...................................................................................
High Pressure Washdown ........................................................
Livewell ...................................................................................
Raw Water System Maintenance .............................................
Chapter 7:
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
Freshwater System
49
49
50
51
Drainage Systems
Cockpit Drainage .................................................................... 53
Radar Arch and Hardtop Drainage ........................................... 53
Bilge Drainage ......................................................................... 54
Fishbox Drainage ..................................................................... 55
Sink and Livewell Drains .......................................................... 55
Rope Locker Drain .................................................................. 55
Drainage System Maintenance ................................................. 55
2665 DENALI
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 8:
Ventilation System
Page No.
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
Cabin Ventilation ......................................................................
Windshield Ventilation ..............................................................
Engine Compartment Ventilation ...............................................
Carbon Monoxide and Ventilation ............................................
Maintenance.............................................................................
Chapter 9:
9.1
9.2
9.3
57
57
58
59
60
Exterior Equipment
Deck ........................................................................................ 61
Hull .......................................................................................... 65
Cockpit Equipment ................................................................... 66
Chapter 10: Interior Equipment
10.1
10.2
10.3
Marine Head System .............................................................. 69
Cabin and V-Berth .................................................................. 70
Carbon Monoxide Detector .................................................... 71
Chapter 11:
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
11.5
11.6
11.7
Safety Equipment
General ...................................................................................
Engine Alarms ........................................................................
Neutral Safety Switch ............................................................
Engine Stop Switch ................................................................
Required Safety Equipment ...................................................
Automatic fire Extinguishing System ....................................
Carbon Monoxide Monitoring System ......................................
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73
74
74
74
77
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 11:
Safety Equipment (Continued)
Page No.
11.8 First Aid ................................................................................. 80
11.9 Additional Safety Equipment ................................................. 80
11.10 Caution and Warning Labels .................................................. 81
Chapter 12: Operation
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
12.6
12.7
12.8
12.9
12.10
12.11
12.12
12.13
12.14
General ................................................................................... 83
Rules of the Road ................................................................... 83
Pre-Cruise System Check ....................................................... 85
Operating Your Boat .............................................................. 87
Docking, Anchoring and Mooring ......................................... 89
Controls, Steering, or Propulsion System Failure .................. 92
Collision ................................................................................. 92
Grounding, Towing, and Rendering Assistance ..................... 92
Flooding or Capsizing ............................................................ 93
Water Skiing ........................................................................... 93
Fishing .................................................................................... 94
Man Overboard....................................................................... 95
Trash Disposal ........................................................................ 96
Trailering Your Boat .............................................................. 96
Chapter 13: Routine Maintenance
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
13.5
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Exterior Hull and Deck ........................................................... 99
Upholstery, Canvas and Enclosures ........................................ 102
Cabin Interior .......................................................................... 104
Bilge and Engine Compartment .............................................. 104
Drainage System ..................................................................... 105
2665 DENALI
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 14: Seasonal Maintenance
Page No.
14.1
14.2
14.3
Storage and Lay-up .................................................................. 107
Winterizing ............................................................................. 110
Recommissioning .................................................................... 112
Appendix
Appendix
Appendix
Appendix
Appendix
Appendix
A: Schematics
B: Glossary of Terms
C: Maintenance Schedule and Log
D: Boating Accident Report
E: Float Plan
F: Troubleshooting Guide
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2665 DENALI
Chapter 1:
PROPULSION SYSTEM
1.1 General
The 2665 Denali is designed to be powered with a single inboard/outboard engine and drive
system. Each manufacturer of the various inboard/outboard drive systems provides an owner’s
information manual with its product. It is important that you read the manual very carefully and
become familiar with the proper care and operation of the engine and drive system. A warranty
registration card has been furnished with each new engine and can be located in the engine
owner’s manual. All information requested on this card should be filled out completely by the
dealer and purchaser and then returned to the respective engine manufacturer as soon as possible.
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO SERVICE ANY ENGINE OR DRIVE COMPONENT WITHOUT
BEING TOTALLY FAMILIAR WITH THE SAFE AND PROPER SERVICE PROCEDURES. CERTAIN MOVING PARTS ARE EXPOSED AND CAN BE DANGEROUS TO
SOMEONE UNFAMILIAR WITH THE OPERATION AND FUNCTION OF THE EQUIPMENT.
DO NOT INHALE EXHAUST FUMES! EXHAUST CONTAINS CARBON MONOXIDE
THAT IS COLORLESS AND ODORLESS. CARBON MONOXIDE IS A DANGEROUS
GAS THAT IS POTENTIALLY LETHAL.
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USE ONLY CLEAN, DRY FUEL OF THE TYPE AND GRADE RECOMMENDED BY
THE ENGINE MANUFACTURER. THE USE OF INCORRECT OR CONTAMINATED
FUEL CAN CAUSE ENGINE MALFUNCTION AND SERIOUS DAMAGE.
1.2 Drive Systems
The inboard engine is mounted in the stern and coupled to a transom mounted outdrive which
does all shifting, steering, and propulsion functions. The outdrive is supplied by the engine
manufacturer and has specific lubrication and maintenance requirements.
Proper engine alignment is very important. This was done by the factory when the engine was
installed and should be checked at the 20 hour check and annually thereafter. If you
experience excessive vibrations or suspect that the engine is out of alignment, please contact
your Pursuit dealer.
ALWAYS RETURN THE ENGINE THROTTLE LEVER TO THE EXTREME LOW
SPEED POSITION BEFORE SHIFTING. NEVER SHIFT THE UNIT WHILE THE ENGINE SPEED IS ABOVE IDLE RPM.
Corrosion
Marine growth and galvanic corrosion is a concern if the boat is to be kept in saltwater. Marine
growth occurs when components are left in the water for extended periods and can cause poor
performance or permanent damage to the exposed components. The type of growth and how
quickly it occurs is relative to the water conditions in your boating area. Water temperature,
pollution, current, etc. can have an effect on marine growth. If the boat is to be left in saltwater,
the hull and outdrive must be protected with antifouling paint. It is extremely important that
the proper antifouling paint is used on each component. Contact your Pursuit dealer for
information on the proper paint to use in your area.
Galvanic corrosion is the corrosion process occurring when different metals are submerged
in an electrolyte. Sea water is an electrolyte and submerged engine components must be
properly protected. Outdrives are equipped with sacrificial anodes to prevent galvanic
corrosion problems. The anodes must be monitored and replaced as necessary.
On some outdrives, the anode may not provide an acceptable level of protection when a drive
is used in freshwater and a magnesium anode must be used. A magnesium anode, when used
for combined operation in both fresh and saltwater, or water with a low salt content, will
deteriorate quicker and must therefore be replaced more often. For recommendations
regarding corrosion protection for the engine or outdrive, please refer to the engine owner’s
manual.
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2665 DENALI
SOME OUTDRIVES REQUIRE SPECIAL ANODES FOR FRESHWATER AND
A DIFFERENT TYPE OF ANODE FOR SALTWATER. PLEASE CONTACT
THE ENGINE MANUFACTURER OR YOUR PURSUIT DEALER FOR THE
PROPER ANODE TO USE IN YOUR BOATING AREA.
DO NOT PAINT THE OUTDRIVE OR ALLOW THE OUTDRIVE TO COME IN CONTACT WITH ANTIFOULING PAINTS DESIGNED FOR BOAT HULLS. MANY OF
THESE PAINTS CAN CAUSE SEVERE DAMAGE TO THE OUTDRIVE. CONTACT
YOUR PURSUIT DEALER OR ENGINE MANUFACTURER FOR INFORMATION ON
THE PROPER PAINTING PROCEDURES.
1.3 Engine Exhaust System
The engine exhaust system consists of engine exhaust manifolds, exhaust hoses, transom plate
and the outdrive. Inboard/outboard engines exhaust gases and cooling water through the
outdrive.
A periodic inspection of the coolant hoses, exhaust hoses and related parts should be made to
ensure that leaks, heat deterioration or damage has not resulted. Replace them as necessary.
Refer to the engine owner's manual for more information on the exhaust system in your
Denali.
1.4 Engine Cooling System
All marine engines use surface water as a cooling medium. The cooling water enters the
system through a water intake in the outdrive and is expelled through the exhaust system.
Water is pumped through the water inlets, circulated through the engine block or heat
exchanger, and relinquished with the exhaust gases through the outdrive. The water pump
uses a small impeller made of synthetic rubber. The impeller and water pump cannot run dry
for more than a few seconds.
NEVER RUN THE MOTOR WITHOUT WATER FLOWING TO THE WATER
PUMP. SERIOUS DAMAGE TO THE WATER PUMP IMPELLER OR ENGINE
COULD RESULT.
NOTICE
IF THE BOAT IS USED IN SALT OR BADLY POLLUTED WATER, ENGINES
WITHOUT FRESHWATER COOLING SHOULD BE FLUSHED AFTER EACH
USE. REFER TO THE ENGINE OWNER’S MANUAL FOR THE PROPER
ENGINE FLUSHING PROCEDURE.
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Freshwater Cooling
Installation of “Freshwater Cooling” provides adequate engine cooling without exposing the
internal engine cooling system to the harmful effects of surface water. This system is optional
with gasoline stern drive engines and standard with diesel engines. The engine owner’s
manual provides additional information regarding service and maintenance of this equipment.
SHOULD AN ENGINE INTAKE OR AN EXHAUST OR COOLING HOSE RUPTURE,
TURN THE ENGINE OFF IMMEDIATELY. PROCEED UNDER TOW IF NECESSARY,
TO A SERVICE FACILITY FOR APPROPRIATE REPAIRS. MAINTAIN A CLOSE
VISUAL WATCH ON THE PROBLEM HOSE AND THE BILGE WATER LEVEL.
1.5 Propellers
The propellers convert the engine’s power into thrust. They come in a variety of styles,
diameters and pitches. The props that will best suit the needs of your Denali will depend
somewhat on your application and expected average load. Most propeller sizes are identified
by two numbers stamped on the prop in sequence. The 1st number in the sequence (example
14 x 21) is the diameter of the propeller and the 2nd number is the pitch. Pitch is the theoretical
distance traveled by the propeller in each revolution. Always repair or replace a propeller
immediately if it has been damaged. A damaged and therefore out of balance propeller can
cause vibration that can be felt in the boat and could damage the outdrive gear assembly. Refer
to the engine owner’s manual for information on propeller removal and installation.
Note: Before changing propellers to correct boat performance problems, be sure other
factors such as engine tuning, bottom and running gear growth, etc. are not the
source of performance changes. Always be sure the load conditions are those
normally experienced, before changing propellers.
RUNNING AGROUND OR STRIKING AN UNDERWATER OBSTRUCTION CAN RESULT
IN SERIOUS INJURY AND DAMAGE TO THE DRIVE SYSTEM OR BOAT. IF YOUR
BOAT RUNS AGROUND, EVALUATE THE DAMAGE THEN PROCEED AT LOW SPEED
TO THE NEAREST SERVICE FACILITY AND HAVE AN IMMEDIATE INSPECTION
MADE BEFORE FURTHER USE OF THE CRAFT. A DAMAGED BOAT CAN TAKE ON
WATER. KEEP ALL LIFE SAVING DEVICES CLOSE AT HAND WHILE DRIVING TO A
DOCK AREA. IF THE BOAT CANNOT BE IMMEDIATELY REMOVED FROM THE WATER, THOROUGHLY INSPECT THE BILGE AREA FOR LEAKS SO THAT THE BOAT
DOES NOT SINK WHILE MOORED.
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2665 DENALI
1.6 Engine Instrumentation
The helm station is equipped with a set of engine instruments and could also be equipped with
alarms. These instruments allow the pilot to monitor the engine’s operational conditions.
Close observation of these instruments allows the pilot to operate the engine at the most
efficient level and could save the engine from serious costly damage. The instrumentation is
unique to the type of engine installed on your Denali. Some or all of the following gauges may
be present.
Tachometer
The tachometer displays the speed of the engine in revolutions per minute (RPM). This speed
is not the boat speed or necessarily the speed of the propeller. The tachometer may not register
zero with the key in the “OFF” position.
NEVER EXCEED THE MAXIMUM RECOMMENDED OPERATION RPM OF THE ENGINE.
MAINTAINING MAXIMUM, OR CLOSE TO MAXIMUM RPM FOR EXTENDED PERIODS
CAN REDUCE THE LIFE OF THE ENGINE.
Depth Gauge
The depth gauge indicates the depth of the water below the bottom of the boat.
Speedometer
The speedometer indicates the speed of the boat in miles per hour.
Temperature Gauge
The temperature gauge shows the temperature of the engine cooling system. A sudden increase
in the temperature could indicate an obstructed water inlet or a water pump impeller failure.
CONTINUED OPERATION OF AN OVERHEATED ENGINE CAN RESULT IN
ENGINE DAMAGE OR SEIZURE. IF AN UNUSUALLY HIGH TEMPERATURE
READING OCCURS, SHUT THE ENGINE OFF IMMEDIATELY. THEN INVESTIGATE AND CORRECT THE PROBLEM.
Oil Pressure Gauge
The oil pressure gauge monitors the engine lubrication system pressure. A drop in oil pressure
is a possible indication of oil pump problems or a leak.
OPERATION OF AN ENGINE WITH ABNORMALLY LOW, OR HIGH, OIL
PRESSURE CAN LEAD TO ENGINE DAMAGE AND POSSIBLE SEIZURE.
HAVE THE ENGINE SERVICED IMMEDIATELY UPON AN ABNORMAL OIL
PRESSURE INDICATION.
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Fuel Gauge
The fuel gauge indicates the amount of fuel in the fuel tanks.
Voltmeter
The voltmeter displays the voltage for the battery and the charging system. The normal
voltage is 11 to 12 volts with the engine off and 13 to 14.5 volts with the engine running.
Hour Meter
The hour meter keeps a record of the operating time for the engine.
Tilt/Trim Gauge
The tilt/trim gauge monitors the position of the outdrive. The upper range of the gauge
indicates the tilt, which is used for trailering and shallow water operation. The lower range
indicates the trim position. This is the range used to adjust the hull angle while operating your
boat on plane. Please refer to the Helm Control Systems chapter and the engine owner's
manual for more information on the operation of the outdrive power tilt and trim.
Volvo Penta EDC Display
Boats with Volvo diesel engines are equipped with an electronic display system that monitors
all of your engine functions on one instrument at the touch of a button. Engine speed, coolant
temperature, battery voltage, and boost pressure can be monitored in digital display in 8
different languages. In addition to monitoring basic engine information, you can switch
modes to monitor current or average fuel consumption.
The display can also communicate with the navigation system in the boat to provide boat speed
and miles per gallon from data received from the GPS or fish finder log. The functions
available will be determined by the type of navigation equipment you have installed in your
boat.
Refer to the Volvo engine and EDC display owner’s manuals for more information on the
Volvo electronic engine monitoring system.
Engine Alarms
Most inboard/outboard engines are equipped with an audible alarm system mounted in the
helm area that monitors selected critical engine systems. The alarm will sound if one of these
systems begins to fail.
The engine alarm will sound during engine start-up or whenever the ignition switch is
positioned to “ON” and the engine is not operating. The alarm sounds under these conditions
because engine oil pressure is low. The alarm will cease to sound when the engine oil pressure
rises to the proper level.
Boats with Volvo diesel engines are equipped with an alarm panel display. The panel contains
symbols for coolant temperature, oil pressure, battery charging, and pre-heater. The symbols
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2665 DENALI
indicate the problem system when the alarm sounds. Refer to the engine owner’s manual for
information on the alarms installed with your engine.
IF THE ENGINE ALARM SOUNDS, IMMEDIATELY RETURN THE
THROTTLE TO IDLE AND MOVE THE SHIFT CONTROL TO THE NEUTRAL
POSITION. SHUT OFF THE ENGINE UNTIL THE PROBLEM IS FOUND AND
CORRECTED.
Compass
The compass is on top of the helm. To adjust the compass for your area, read the instructions
on “Compass Compensation” given to you in the literature packet. The compass cannot be
adjusted accurately at the factory as it must be compensated for the influence of the electrical
equipment and electronics unique to your boat. Therefore, the compass should be adjusted by
a professional after the electronics and additional electrical accessories are installed and before
operating the boat.
Instruments Maintenance
Electrical protection for instruments and ignition circuitry is provided by a set of circuit
breakers located near the main battery switch. The ignition switch should be sprayed
periodically with a contact cleaner/lubricant. The ignition switch and all instruments,
controls, etc. should be protected from the weather when not in use. Excessive exposure can
lead to gauge and ignition switch difficulties.
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2665 DENALI
Chapter 2:
HELM CONTROL SYSTEMS
2.1 General
The helm controls consist of the following: engine throttle
and shift controls, the steering system, the outdrive tilt and
trim control, and the trim tab control switches. These
systems provide the operator with the ability to control the
direction and attitude of the boat from the helm station.
Each manufacturer of the control components provides an
owner’s manual with its product. It is important that you read
the manuals and become familiar with the proper care and
operation of the control systems.
Helm
2.2 Cable Engine Throttle and Shift Controls
The shift and throttle controls on your boat may vary depending on the engine used. The
following description is typical of most cable activated inboard/outboard remote controls. Refer
to the engine or control manual for specific information on the control installed on your Denali.
The engine throttle and shift control system consists of three major components: the control
handle, the throttle cable, and the shift cable. The cables are all the push-pull type. Two cables
are required for each engine and control. One connects the remote throttle control to the engine
and the other connects the remote shift control to the outdrive shift linkage.
The helm on your Denali is designed for a binnacle style control with a single lever that
operates as a gear shift and a throttle. General operation will include a position for neutral
(straight up and down), a forward position (the 1st detent forward of neutral), and a reverse
position (the 1st detent aft of neutral). Advancing the control lever beyond the shift range
advances the throttle in forward or reverse. Each control is equipped with a means of
permitting the engine to be operated at a higher than idle RPM while in neutral for cold starting
and warm-up purposes.
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ALWAYS RETURN THE ENGINE THROTTLE LEVER TO THE EXTREME LOW
SPEED POSITION BEFORE SHIFTING. NEVER SHIFT THE UNIT WHILE ENGINE
SPEED IS ABOVE IDLE RPM.
2.3 Volvo Diesel Electronic Controls
Volvo diesel engines are equipped with electronic controls. The electronic control system is
a single lever type with combined throttle and gear change. The system consists of: the control
handle, electronic cables, control unit and processor, and the throttle and shift cable. Two
cables are required to connect the control unit to the engine. One connects the remote throttle
control to the engine and the other connects the remote shift control to the outdrive shift
linkage.
The helm on your Denali is designed for a binnacle style control with a single lever that
operates as a gear shift and a throttle. General operation will include a position for neutral
(straight up and down), a forward position (the 1st detent forward of neutral), and a reverse
position (the 1st detent aft of neutral). Advancing the control lever beyond the shift range
advances the throttle in forward or reverse. The electronic control is equipped with a means
of permitting the engine to be operated at a higher than idle RPM while in neutral for cold
starting and warm-up purposes.
2.4 Neutral Safety Switch
Every control system has a neutral safety switch incorporated into it. This device prohibits
the engine from being started while the shift lever is in any position other than the neutral
position. If the engine will not start, slight movement of the shift lever may be necessary to
locate the neutral position and disengage the safety cutout switch. Control or cable
adjustments may be required to correct this condition should it persist. See your Pursuit dealer
for necessary control and cable adjustments.
Each neutral safety switch should be tested periodically to ensure that it is operating properly.
To test the neutral safety switch, make sure the outdrive is tilted down and move the shift lever
to the forward position. Make sure the control lever is not advanced past the idle position.
Turn the ignition key to the start position just long enough to briefly engage the starter for the
engine. Do not hold the key in the start position long enough to start the engine. The starter
should not engage. Repeat this test with the shift lever in reverse and the engine throttle at
idle. Again, the starter should not engage. If the starter engages with the shift control in any
position other than the neutral position, then the neutral safety switch is not functioning
properly and you should contact your dealer and have the neutral safety switch repaired by a
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2665 DENALI
qualified marine mechanic before using your boat. If the engine starts in gear during this test,
immediately move the control lever to the neutral position and turn the engine off.
IN SOME SITUATIONS, IT MAY BE POSSIBLE TO ACCIDENTALLY START THE ENGINE IN GEAR WITH THE THROTTLE ABOVE IDLE IF THE NEUTRAL SAFETY
SWITCH IS NOT OPERATING PROPERLY. THIS WOULD CAUSE THE BOAT TO
ACCELERATE UNEXPECTEDLY IN FORWARD OR REVERSE AND COULD RESULT
IN LOSS OF CONTROL, DAMAGE TO THE BOAT, OR INJURY TO PASSENGERS.
ALWAYS TEST THE NEUTRAL SAFETY SWITCH PERIODICALLY AND CORRECT
ANY PROBLEMS BEFORE USING THE BOAT.
2.5 Engine Stop Switch
Your Denali is equipped with a engine stop switch and
lanyard. When the lanyard is pulled, it will engage the
switch and shut off the engine. We strongly recommend
that the lanyard be attached to the driver whenever the
engine is running. If the engine will not start, it could be
because the lanyard is not properly inserted into the
engine stop switch. Always make sure the lanyard is
properly attached to the engine stop switch before attempting to start the engine.
Engine Stop Switch
Please refer to the engine owner's manual for additional information on the engine stop switch.
2.6 Outdrive Power Tilt and Trim
All inboard/outboard drive systems have a tilt and trim feature for the outdrive. This allows
the operator to control the position of the outdrive from the helm. Moving the outdrive closer
to the boat transom is called trimming “in” or “down.” Moving the outdrive further away from
the boat transom is called trimming “out” or “up.” In most cases, the boat will run best with
the drive unit adjusted so the hull will run at a 3 to 5 degree angle to the water.
The term “trim” generally refers to the adjustment of the outdrive within the first 20o range
of travel. This is indicated by the green LED lights in the Volvo diesel trim gauge. This is
the range used while operating your boat on plane. The term “tilt” is generally used when
referring to adjusting the outdrive further up for shallow water operation or trailering. This
is indicated by the red LED lights in the Volvo diesel trim gauge. For information on the
proper use and maintenance of the power tilt and trim, please refer to the engine owner's
manual.
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EXCESSIVE TRIM FOR THE OPERATING CONDITIONS, EITHER TRIM UP OR
DOWN, CAN CAUSE BOAT INSTABILITY, PROPELLER CAVITATION, OR MAKE
STEERING THE BOAT MORE DIFFICULT. IF THE BOAT BEGINS TO FEEL UNSTABLE OR IS HARD TO STEER, SLOW DOWN AND ADJUST THE TRIM ANGLE.
2.7 Steering System
The steering system is hydraulic and made of two main components: the helm assembly and the
hydraulic cylinder. The helm unit acts as both a fluid reservoir and pump. Turning of the helm,
or steering wheel, pumps the fluid in the hydraulic hoses and activates the hydraulic cylinder
causing the outdrive to turn. A slight clicking sound may be heard as the wheel is turned. This
sound is the opening and closing of valves in the helm unit and is normal. Refer to the
manufacturer owner’s manual for specific information on the steering system.
2.8 Trim Tabs
The 2665 Denali uses rocker switches to control the trim
tabs. The switch is labeled and controls bow up and down
movements. It also controls starboard and port up and
down movements. Bow up and bow down will control
the hull planing attitude while port and starboard up and
down provide control for the hull listing.
Before leaving the dock, make sure that the tabs are in the
full “UP” position by holding the control in the bow up
position for ten (10) seconds.
Always establish the intended heading and cruise speed
before attempting to adjust the hull attitude with the trim
tabs. After stabilizing speed and direction, move the trim
tabs to achieve a level side to side running attitude being
careful not to over trim.
Trim Tab
After depressing a trim tab switch, always wait a few seconds for the change in trim plane to take
effect. Avoid depressing the switch while awaiting the trim plane reaction. By the time the
effect is noticeable, the trim tab will have moved too far and thus the boat will be in an
overcompensated position.
When running at a speed that will result in the boat falling off plane, lowering the tabs slightly
bow down will improve the running angle and operating efficiency. Too much bow down tabs
can reduce operating efficiency and cause substantial steering and handling difficulties.
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Be extremely careful when operating in a following sea. The effect of trim tabs is amplified under
such conditions. Steering and handling difficulties can result from improper trim tab usage,
particularly in a following sea. Always raise the tabs to the full bow up position in these
conditions.
When running at high speeds be sure that the tabs are in the full “UP” position. Only enough
trim plane action should be used to compensate for any listing. Trim tabs are extremely sensitive
at high speeds. Adjust for this and be prepared to slow down if difficulties arise.
When running into a chop, a slight bow down attitude will improve the ride. Be careful not to
over trim. Handling difficulties may result.
2.9 Control Systems Maintenance
Control Maintenance
Periodic inspection of the control systems and all connections should be made. Signs of rust,
corrosion, wear, or other deterioration should immediately be serviced. Generally, periodic
lubrication of all moving parts and connections with a light waterproof grease is in order.
Lubrication should be performed as often as necessary to keep the system operating smoothly.
Control system adjustments may become necessary. If adjustment becomes necessary, see your
Pursuit dealer.
DO NOT ATTEMPT CONTROL ADJUSTMENTS UNLESS YOU ARE FAMILIAR WITH
SERVICING CONTROL SYSTEM PROCEDURES. CONTROL MISADJUSTMENT CAN
CAUSE LOSS OF CONTROL AND SEVERE ENGINE OR OUTDRIVE DAMAGE.
Steering System Maintenance
A periodic inspection of all steering hoses, linkage and helm assemblies should be made. Signs
of corrosion, cracking, loosening of fastenings, excessive wear, or deterioration should be
immediately corrected. Failure to do so could lead to steering system failure that would result
in loss of control.
Engine driven power steering systems have specific fluid and maintenance requirements. The
fluid level and belt tension should be checked frequently. Please refer to the engine owner's
manual for maintenance information on the power steering system.
Trim Tab Maintenance
Marine growth can interfere with the proper operation of the trim tab planes and actuators. To
reduce problems due to marine growth, always return the trim tabs to the full “UP” position after
operating the boat and periodically inspect and clean marine growth from the actuators and
planes.
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The trim tab fluid should be checked often. Keep the fluid level between the marks on the trim tab
pump reservoir with the trim planes in the “up” position.
If your Denali will be left in saltwater for extended periods, it will be necessary to monitor the
zinc anodes on the trim tab planes. The anodes were installed at the factory to prevent galvanic
corrosion and will need to be changed when they are 75% of their original size. Refer to the trim
tab owner's manual for additional maintenance information and fluid specifications.
FAILURE TO PROPERLY INSPECT AND MAINTAIN THE STEERING AND CONTROL
SYSTEMS CAN LEAD TO A CONTROL SYSTEM FAILURE AND LOSS OF CONTROL.
MAKE SURE YOU INSPECT AND SERVICE THE STEERING AND ENGINE CONTROL COMPONENTS FREQUENTLY.
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Chapter 3:
FUEL SYSTEM
3.1 General
The gasoline and diesel fuel system used in Pursuit boats is designed to meet or exceed the
requirements of the U.S. Coast Guard, the Boating Industry Association, and the American Boat
and Yacht Council in effect at the time of manufacture.
All fuel systems have been factory inspected and pressure tested in accordance with regulations
in effect at the time of manufacture. This inspection assures that the system is air tight, leak proof
and safe. It is the responsibility of the purchaser to maintain it in that condition. Make frequent
inspections to assure that no deterioration or loosening of connections is resulting from vibration.
DO NOT LET THE ODOR OF GASOLINE GO UNCHECKED. ANY ODOR OF GASOLINE MUST BE IMMEDIATELY INVESTIGATED AND STEPS TAKEN TO PROTECT
THE BOAT AND ITS OCCUPANTS UNTIL THE PROBLEM IS CORRECTED. IF THE
ODOR OF GASOLINE IS NOTED, SHUT OFF THE ENGINE AND ELECTRICAL
EQUIPMENT TO INVESTIGATE AND CORRECT THE SITUATION IMMEDIATELY.
HAVE ALL PASSENGERS PUT ON PERSONAL FLOTATION DEVICES AND KEEP
FIRE EXTINGUISHERS READY UNTIL THE SITUATION IS RESOLVED.
Fuel Withdrawal Tube
The fuel withdrawal tube is positioned in the fuel tank to achieve optimum fuel usage, fuel line
routing, etc. At certain speeds and hull trim angles, the fuel supply at the withdrawal tank
location can increase or decrease accordingly. Be extremely careful when attempting to
operate the boat when low on fuel. Though some fuel may be in the tank, the relative trim angle
of the boat may cause the fuel to flow away from the withdrawal.
Fuel Gauge
This indicates the amount of fuel in the tank. Due to the mechanical nature of the fuel sender,
variations in readings during various speeds of operation may occur. This system is merely
a relative indication of the available fuel supply and not a calibrated instrument.
Fuel Fill
A fuel fill deck plate is located on the gunnel, and is marked “GAS”
or “DIESEL.” The fuel fill is opened by turning it counter clockwise
with a special key. After fueling, install the fuel cap and tighten with
the key. Be sure to use the proper type and grade fuel. Refer to the
engine owner’s manual for additional information.
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Fuel Fill
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Note: Do not overtighten the fuel cap. If the cap is overtightened, the O-ring seal could
be damaged allowing water to contaminate the fuel system.
DO NOT CONFUSE FUEL FILL DECK PLATES WITH THE WATER OR WASTE FILL
DECK PLATES. THESE PLATES ARE ALSO LABELED ACCORDINGLY. IF GASOLINE IS ACCIDENTALLY PUMPED INTO THE WATER OR WASTE TANK, DO NOT
ATTEMPT TO PUMP IT OUT YOURSELF. WATER AND WASTE PUMPS ARE NOT
DESIGNED TO PUMP FUEL AND A FIRE OR EXPLOSION COULD RESULT. CONTACT YOUR DEALER OR THE PURSUIT CUSTOMER RELATIONS DEPARTMENT
FOR ASSISTANCE IN HAVING THE FUEL PROFESSIONALLY REMOVED.
Fuel Vent
There is one fuel vent fitting, on the side of the hull. While the tank is being filled, the air
displaced by the fuel escapes through the vent.
After fueling, replace the fill cap, and wash the areas around the fuel fill plate and below the
fuel vent. Residual fuel left on the deck and hull sides can be dangerous, and will yellow the
fiberglass or damage the striping.
3.2 Gasoline Engine Fuel System
The fuel system on the 2665 Denali has one fuel tank and one manual fuel valve. The fuel
valve is located near the fuel withdrawal tube on the fuel tank. The valve is off when the handle
is perpendicular to the fuel flow. The fuel valve allows the operator to turn the fuel flow off
when servicing the fuel system or changing the fuel filter.
The fuel withdrawal line is equipped with an anti-siphon valve where the line attaches to the
fuel tank. This valve prevents gasoline from siphoning out of the fuel tank should a line
rupture.
DO NOT REMOVE THE ANTI-SIPHON VALVE FROM THE SYSTEM. SHOULD THE
ANTI-SIPHON VALVE BECOME CLOGGED, CLEAN AND
REINSTALL OR REPLACE.
Gasoline Fuel Filter
The engine is equipped with a spin on, water separator type fuel filter.
The filter should be checked frequently and changed at least annually
to assure an adequate supply of clean, dry fuel to the engine. It is
recommended that the filter be inspected after the first 25 hours of use
and then serviced as needed. Follow the engine or filter
manufacturer’s instructions for servicing or replacing the fuel filter.
Fuel Filter
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Note: Clean fuel is especially important in fuel injected engines and the engine
manufacturer's recommendations for fuel filter maintenance must be followed
exactly.
3.3 Diesel Engine Fuel System
The diesel fuel system works much like the gas system. The main difference is the diesel
system is not equipped with an anti-siphon valve and there is a fuel return line for the engine.
There is also an additional fuel valve located near the fuel filter that is used to shut off the fuel
when the filters require service or when replacing the filter element.
Proper diesel engine operation requires a good supply of clean, dry diesel fuel. Improper
marina fuel storage techniques, limited boat usage, etc. can cause the fuel to become contaminated. Periodically, it may be necessary to siphon accumulating water and contaminated fuel
from the bottom of the fuel tank. If the fuel system on your boat becomes contaminated, contact
your dealer or Pursuit Customer Relations for assistance.
Algae can grow in the accumulated water in diesel fuel tanks. This condition is most prevalent
in warm climates. Periodically adding a high quality diesel fuel additive containing an
algaecide may be required to control algae in your boating area. Please contact your dealer
or engine manufacturer for additional information regarding fuels and additives.
IMPORTANT: Do not allow the boat to sit unused for an extended period with the fuel
tank less than full. Changes in temperature and weather conditions
can cause condensation in fuel tanks that are less than 3/4 full.
Diesel Fuel Filter
The diesel fuel filters are installed in the engine
compartment. A shut-off valve is located at the
fuel filter. Check the filters for water before
each use and replace the filter cartridge as
needed. Follow the filter manufacturer’s instructions for cleaning and replacing the filter
element.
Water is drained from the filters by placing a
cup under the filter and draining through the
Diesel Fuel Filters
petcock at the bottom of the filter until clean
fuel flows. The filter element must be changed at least twice a season or more frequently
depending on the quality of the fuel and the hours run.
IMPORTANT: Diesel fuel systems may need to be primed after servicing. Refer to the
engine owner’s manual for information on priming the fuel system.
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TO REDUCE THE POSSIBILITY OF A FIRE OR EXPLOSION, MAKE SURE ALL ELECTRICAL SWITCHES ARE IN THE “OFF” POSITION BEFORE SERVICING THE FUEL
SYSTEM.
DO NOT DRAIN ANY FUEL IN THE BILGE. THIS COULD LEAD TO A FIRE OR EXPLOSION.
AFTER THE FILTER ELEMENT HAS BEEN CHANGED, PRIME THE FUEL SYSTEM
AND CHECK ALL FITTINGS FOR LEAKS BEFORE AND AFTER STARTING THE ENGINE.
GASOLINE VAPORS CAN EXPLODE. BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE, ALWAYS
OPEN ALL HATCHES, WINDOWS, AND DOORS. RUN THE BLOWER FOR AT
LEAST FIVE (5) MINUTES TO COMPLETELY VENTILATE THE BOAT AFTER FUELING OR SERVICING THE FUEL SYSTEM.
3.4 Fueling Instructions
FUEL IS VERY FLAMMABLE. BE CAREFUL WHEN FILLING THE FUEL TANKS.
NO SMOKING. NEVER FILL THE TANK WHILE THE ENGINE OR ANY ELECTRICAL ACCESSORY IS RUNNING. FILL THE FUEL TANK IN AN OPEN AREA. DO
NOT FILL THE TANK NEAR OPEN FLAMES.
TO PREVENT DAMAGE TO THE FUEL SYSTEM, USE ONLY A GOOD GRADE OF
GASOLINE FOR GASOLINE ENGINES OR DIESEL FUEL FOR DIESEL ENGINES.
DO NOT USE A FUEL THAT CONTAINS HARSH ADDITIVES OR IS AN ALCOHOL
BLEND. ANY DAMAGE DONE TO THE FUEL SYSTEM THAT IS THE RESULT OF
USING AN ALCOHOL BLEND, IS NOT COVERED BY THE DENALI WARRANTY. REFER TO THE ENGINE MANUFACTURER OWNER’S MANUAL FOR THE FUEL REQUIREMENTS FOR YOUR ENGINE.
To fill the fuel tank at a marina, follow this procedure:
36
1.
Make sure all switches are in the “Off” position.
2.
Make sure the boat is securely moored.
3.
Make sure all passengers leave the boat.
2665 DENALI
4.
Estimate how much fuel is needed.
Note: The fuel vent is located on the side of the hull.
5.
A special key to open the fuel cap is supplied.
6.
Turn the key counterclockwise to open the cap.
7.
Remove the cap.
8.
Put the nozzle in the fuel opening.
STATIC ELECTRICITY CAN BE GENERATED WHILE FUELING AND CAN CAUSE A
FIRE OR EXPLOSION. TO PREVENT STATIC SPARKS WHEN FILLING THE TANK,
MAKE SURE THE NOZZLE IS IN CONTACT WITH THE FUEL OPENING.
SPILLED FUEL IS DANGEROUS AND CAN YELLOW FIBERGLASS OR IGNITE. MAKE
SURE YOU DO NOT SPILL ANY FUEL. IF FUEL IS SPILLED ON THE DECK, USE A
CLOTH TO REMOVE THE FUEL AND PROPERLY DISPOSE OF THE CLOTH. IF FUEL
IS SPILLED ON THE WATER, EXERCISE EXTREME CAUTION. FUEL FLOATS ON TOP
OF THE WATER AND CAN IGNITE. IF EXCESS FUEL IS SPILLED INTO THE WATER,
IMMEDIATELY EVACUATE THE AREA AND NOTIFY THE MARINA AND THE PROPER
OFFICIALS.
9.
Fill the fuel tank to near full. Allow enough room for the fuel to expand without
leaking out the vent.
10.
Remove the nozzle.
11.
Install and tighten the fuel cap. Be careful not to overtighten the cap.
12.
Open all hatches, windows and doors. Run the blower for at least five minutes
to completely ventilate the boat.
13.
Check the fuel compartment and below the deck for fuel odors. If you smell
fuel, do not start the engine.
BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE, ALWAYS OPEN ALL HATCHES, WINDOWS, AND
DOORS. RUN THE BLOWER FOR AT LEAST FIVE (5) MINUTES TO COMPLETELY
VENTILATE THE BOAT AFTER FUELING OR SERVICING THE FUEL SYSTEM.
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TO REDUCE THE RISK OF A FIRE AND/OR EXPLOSION, DO NOT START THE ENGINE WHEN FUEL FUMES ARE PRESENT. FUEL FUMES ARE DANGEROUS AND
HARMFUL TO YOUR HEALTH.
MAKE SURE ALL GASOLINE ODORS ARE INVESTIGATED IMMEDIATELY.
3.5 Fuel System Maintenance
Periodically inspect all connections, clamps and hoses for leakage and damage or deterioration. Replace as necessary. Spray the valves, fuel gauge senders and ground connections with
a lubricant/protector.
Frequently inspect and lubricate the fuel fill cap O-ring seal with petroleum jelly. The O-ring
seal prevents water from entering the fuel system through the fuel fill cap and it should be
immediately replaced if there is any sign of damage or deterioration.
The age of gasoline can affect engine performance. Chemical changes occur as the gasoline
ages that can cause deposits and varnish in the fuel system as well as reduce the octane rating
of the fuel. Severely degraded fuel can damage the engine and boat fuel tank and lines.
Therefore, if your boat is not being run enough to require at least one full tank of fresh fuel a
month, a fuel stabilizer should be added to the gasoline to protect the fuel from degradation.
Your dealer or the engine manufacturer can provide additional information on fuel degradation
and fuel stabilizers recommended for your engine.
Avoid using fuels with alcohol additives. Gasoline that is an alcohol blend will absorb
moisture from the air which can reach such concentrations that "phase separation" can occur
whereby the water and alcohol mixture becomes heavy enough to settle out of the gasoline to
the bottom of the tank. Since the fuel pick up tube is very near the bottom of the tank, phase
separation can cause the engine to run very poorly or not at all. This condition is more severe
with methyl alcohol and will worsen as the alcohol content increases. Water or a jelly like
substance in the fuel filters is an indication of possible phase separation from the use of alcohol
blended fuels.
Contaminated fuel may cause serious damage to your engine. The filter must be serviced
frequently. The filter element must be changed at least once a season or more frequently
depending on the type of engine and the quality of the fuel. Please refer to the engine or fuel
filter manufacturer’s instructions for information on servicing and replacing the fuel filter
element.
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DO NOT DRAIN ANY FUEL IN THE BILGE. THIS COULD LEAD TO A FIRE OR EXPLOSION.
AFTER THE FILTER ELEMENT HAS BEEN CHANGED, PRIME THE FUEL SYSTEM AND
CHECK ALL FITTINGS FOR LEAKS BEFORE AND AFTER STARTING THE ENGINE.
BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE, ALWAYS OPEN ALL HATCHES, WINDOWS, AND
DOORS. RUN THE BLOWER FOR AT LEAST FIVE (5) MINUTES TO COMPLETELY
VENTILATE THE BOAT AFTER FUELING OR SERVICING THE FUEL SYSTEM.
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INTENTIONALLY
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Chapter 4:
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
4.1 General
Your Denali is equipped with a 12-volt D.C. electrical system that draws current from onboard
batteries.
The 12-volt batteries in your boat are the lead-acid type. They will require maintenance similar to
those found in automobiles. The batteries are located in a compartment in the front of the helm seat
module.
There are electrical schematics included in this manual to aid in following an individual circuit of
the boat.
PROPER FUSE OR BREAKER PROTECTION MUST BE PROVIDED FOR ALL 12-VOLT
EQUIPMENT ADDED. DO NOT OVERLOAD THE ACCESSORY CIRCUIT BREAKERS
OR OTHER CIRCUITRY THROUGH ADDITIONAL 12-VOLT EQUIPMENT.
4.2 Batteries
Pursuit electrical systems are designed to use lead-acid type batteries. Your boat has provision for
two batteries. These batteries should be of the size and capacity recommended by the manufacturer
of your engine. See the engine owner's manual. These specifications should be considered to be
the minimum size battery required. Consider increasing the capacity of the battery if you will be
trolling, drift fishing or have extensive electronics on board. Larger batteries will give you
additional capacity to operate the livewell, washdown, and electronics at low speed when the
charging system output of the engine is minimal.
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4.3 DC Distribution System
The battery switches are a part of an integrated DC power distribution system that contain several
components. The following are descriptions of the components:
Battery Master Switch
These switches feed the engines and DC circuits.
Engine Parallel Switch
Connects the batteries together for engine starting or
charging of all batteries.
Voltage Sensitive Relay (VSR)
The VSR allows two batteries to be charged by one
engine and prevents both batteries from being discharged.
24-Hour Essential Circuits
Used for protection of circuits that are not switched off
by battery master switches.
Medium Duty Circuit Breaker
Used to protect high amperage circuits and panel feeds.
Heavy Duty Circuit Breaker
Used to protect the windlass circuit.
Heavy Duty Distribution Stud
One or more of these may be used to distribute negative
DC Power.
Heavy Duty Buss
Contains multiple distribution studs to distribute negative DC power.
Blank Module
Acts as a filler to complete the modular design.
4.4 Switch Panels
The main accessory switch panel is located in the port side panel at the helm. Other panels located
in the cockpit activate additional accessories.
The circuit breakers that protect the accessories are located in separate panels in the equipment
locker aft of the cabin. The switch panel switches activate relays in the breaker panels that
connect the selected accessory.
The following are descriptions of the accessories controlled by the main accessory switch panel:
Horn
Activates the boat horn.
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Bilge Pump
There are two bilge pumps installed in the rear center of the bilge near the transom. The pumps
move water out through the thru-hull fittings in the transom. A switch in the helm activates one
pump manually. The other pump is fully automatic and is activated by an automatic float switch
located next to the pump. To start the manual pump, put the switch in the “ON” position.
Note: The automatic bilge pump will start automatically when there is sufficient water in
the bilge to activate the float switch. The float switch is protected by a circuit
breaker located in the breaker module near the battery selector switch. The
automatic circuit is always supplied current when the batteries are connected.
Nav Lights
Activates the bow, stern and masthead navigation lights.
Anchor light
Activates the 360 degree masthead light on the hardtop or radar arch.
Cockpit Lights
Activates the lights that illuminate the cockpit area.
Hardtop Light (Optional)
Activates the courtesy lights in the hardtop.
Spreader Lights (Optional)
Activates the spreader lights on the arch.
Trim Tab Switches
Located in the helm. These switches control the trim tab planes located on the transom of the boat.
It is protected by the 12-volt receptacle plug breaker. Please refer to the Helm Control Systems
chapter for detailed information on the operation of the trim tab controls.
Windshield Wiper
Activates the windshield wipers.
Depth Sounder
This switch supplies 12-volt electrical current to the depth sounder and other electronics.
Windlass Up and Down Switches
These switches control the optional windlass which is mounted to the deck directly above the
rope locker. Please refer to the Exterior Equipment chapter and the windlass owner's manual for
additional information on the operation of the windlass.
Helm Seat Forward and Aft Switches
These are momentary switches that control the forward and aft movement of the electric helm seat.
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43
12-Volt Receptacles (2)
Provides electrical current for portable 12-volt equipment.
Additional Accessory Switch Panels
Additional switch panels are located in various locations in the cockpit and helm area of the boat.
The following are descriptions of additional panels that may be on your Pursuit and the
accessories they control:
Engine Trim and Tilt Switches
Located in the helm. These switches may be installed in the engine control handle or on the
helm console, depending on the engine installed in your boat. They control the trimming and
tilting of the outdrive. Please refer to the Helm Control Systems chapter and the engine owner's
manual for information regarding the proper use of the tilt and trim switches.
Washdown Pump
This switch activates the raw water washdown pump. The pump is the pressure demand type
and is protected by a circuit breaker in the panel and an automatically resetting breaker on the
pump motor.
Freshwater System
Supplies 12-volt electrical current directly to the freshwater pump pressure switch located on the
pump. The pump is the pressure demand type and is protected by a circuit breaker in the panel
and an automatically resetting breaker on the pump motor.
Fishbox Macerator
A momentary switch that activates the overboard macerator discharge system for the fishbox.
Note: Please refer to the Raw Water System chapter for more information on the baitwell
and washdown systems.
Cabin DC Accessory Switch Panel
Power is distributed to the 12-volt cabin accessories through individual circuit breakers located
in panels mounted in the equipment compartment aft of the cabin. The cabin switch panel
switches activate relays in the breaker panels that connect the selected accessory.
A main breaker located near the battery selector switch and the panel protects the system from
an overload. Some 12-volt accessories are operated directly by the circuit breaker in the panel
while others are operated by switches fed by the panel breakers.
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2665 DENALI
The following are descriptions of the accessories controlled by the cabin DC switch panel:
Electric Head
Supplies electrical current directly to the switch which controls the optional electric head.
Head Macerator
Supplies electrical current to the switch that controls the macerator overboard discharge pump for
the holding tank. This switch should be in the “OFF” position except when pumping out the
holding tank.
Cabin Lights
Supplies 12-volt electrical current to the cabin light switches.
12-volt Accessory
Reserved for additional 12-volt equipment.
4.5 Electrical System Maintenance
DC Electrical System Maintenance
At least once a year, spray all exposed electrical components behind the helm and in the plugs
with a protector. Exterior light fixture bulbs should be removed and the metal contact areas
coated with a non-water soluble lubricant like petroleum jelly. The sockets should be sprayed
with a protector. Care must be taken not to get any oil or petroleum jelly on the glass portion of
the bulbs as this will cause the bulb to overheat and burn out.
WHEN REPLACING LIGHT BULBS IN MARINE LIGHT FIXTURES, ALWAYS USE A
BULB WITH THE SAME RATING AS THE ORIGINAL. USING A DIFFERENT BULB
COULD CAUSE THE FIXTURE TO OVERHEAT AND MELT OR SHORT CIRCUIT.
Inspect all wiring for proper support, sound insulation, and tight terminals, paying particular
attention to portable appliance cords and plugs.
Check all below deck wiring to be sure it is properly supported, that the insulation is sound, and
that there are no loose or corroded terminals. Corroded terminals should be thoroughly cleaned
with sandpaper, or replaced, tightened securely and sprayed with a metal and electrical protector.
Inspect all engine wiring.
Check the electrolyte level in the batteries regularly and add distilled water as necessary. If the
batteries are frequently charged by an automatic battery charger, the electrolyte level will have to
be checked more often. Keep the battery tops clean and dry. Dirt and water can conduct electricity
from one post to the other causing the battery to discharge.
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The battery posts should be kept free of corrosion. Remove the cables and clean the posts and cable
clamps with a battery post cleaner or sandpaper as required. Coating the battery posts and cable
clamps with petroleum jelly or silicone grease will protect them and reduce corrosion. Battery
cables, both hot and ground, must be replaced when they show signs of corrosion or fraying.
Deteriorated cables cause a considerable voltage loss when high currents are drawn, as for starting
the engine.
NEVER USE AN OPEN FLAME IN THE BATTERY STORAGE AREA. AVOID STRIKING
SPARKS NEAR THE BATTERY. A BATTERY CAN EXPLODE IF A FLAME OR SPARK
IGNITES THE HYDROGEN GAS THE BATTERY EMITS WHILE BEING CHARGED.
THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM ALWAYS SHOULD BE DISCONNECTED FROM THE
POWER SOURCE BEFORE INSPECTING OR SERVICING THE SYSTEM. NEVER SERVICE ANY COMPONENT OF AN ELECTRICAL SYSTEM WHILE IT IS ENERGIZED.
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Chapter 5:
FRESHWATER SYSTEM
5.1 General
The freshwater system consists of a potable water tank, distribution lines and a distribution pump.
The tank is filled through a labeled deck plate located on the side gunnel. An in-line strainer
located near the pump protects the system from debris.
DO NOT FILL THE SYSTEM WITH ANYTHING OTHER THAN WATER. SHOULD
THE SYSTEM BECOME CONTAMINATED WITH FUEL OR OTHER TOXIC FLUIDS,
COMPONENT REPLACEMENT MAY BE NECESSARY.
DO NOT CONFUSE FUEL FILL DECK PLATES WITH THE WATER OR WASTE FILL
DECK PLATES. THESE PLATES ARE ALSO LABELED ACCORDINGLY. IF GASOLINE OR DIESEL FUEL IS ACCIDENTALLY PUMPED INTO THE WATER OR
WASTE TANK, DO NOT ATTEMPT TO PUMP IT OUT YOURSELF. WATER AND
WASTE PUMPS ARE NOT DESIGNED TO PUMP FUEL AND A FIRE OR EXPLOSION
COULD RESULT. CONTACT YOUR DEALER OR THE PURSUIT CUSTOMER RELATIONS DEPARTMENT FOR ASSISTANCE IN HAVING THE FUEL PROFESSIONALLY
REMOVED AND COMPONENTS OF THE FRESHWATER SYSTEM REPLACED AS
NECESSARY.
5.2 Freshwater System Operation
Fill the water supply tank slowly through the labeled deck plate. After filling the water tank,
partially open all faucets. Activate the freshwater switch on the panel below the starboard gunnel
near the sink. Allow the pump to run until all of the air is purged from the system and a steady
stream of water is flowing from each outlet. Next, turn off the faucets one by one. As the pressure
builds the pump will automatically shut off.
When properly primed and activated the water system will operate much like the water system
in a home. An automatic pressure sensor keeps the system pressurized. If the system has been
recently filled or has not been used for an extended period, air bubbles may accumulate at the
pump and the system may have to be reprimed. Whenever the boat is left unattended, the
freshwater system switch should be placed in the “OFF” position.
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DO NOT ALLOW THE FRESHWATER PUMP TO RUN DRY. THE FRESHWATER PUMP
WORKS ON DEMAND AND WILL NOT SHUT OFF AUTOMATICALLY WHEN THE
TANK IS EMPTY. THIS CAN RESULT IN DAMAGE TO THE PUMP. ALWAYS TURN
THE FRESHWATER SYSTEM SWITCH OFF WHEN THE FRESHWATER SYSTEM IS NOT
IN USE.
5.3 Freshwater System Maintenance
Information supplied by the water system equipment manufacturers is included with this manual.
Refer to this information for additional operation and service data.
The following items should be done routinely to maintain your freshwater system:
•
Remove the filter screens from the faucet spouts and eliminate any accumulation of debris.
A build up of debris can cause the pump to cycle excessively.
•
The freshwater system is equipped with a strainer located on the intake line near the pump.
This should be checked at least annually and cleaned as necessary.
•
Periodically spray the pumps and metal components with a metal protector.
•
The batteries must be properly maintained and charged. Operating the pressure pump from
a battery with a low charge could lead to pump failure.
•
Add a commercially available potable water conditioner to the water tank to keep it fresh.
THE BATTERIES MUST BE PROPERLY CHARGED. OPERATING THE FRESHWATER PUMP FROM A BATTERY WITH A LOW CHARGE MAY LEAD TO A PUMP
FAILURE.
THE FRESHWATER SYSTEM MUST BE PROPERLY WINTERIZED PRIOR TO WINTER LAY-UP. SEE THE SECTION ON WINTERIZING.
THE FRESHWATER SYSTEM SWITCH SHOULD BE PLACED IN THE “OFF” POSITION WHENEVER LEAVING THE BOAT UNATTENDED OR WHEN THE FRESHWATER SYSTEM IS NOT IN USE.
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Chapter 6:
RAW WATER SYSTEM
6.1 General
In the raw or sea water systems, all water pumps are supplied by a hose connected to a ball valve
located in the bilge compartment. Always make sure the ball valves are open before attempting
to operate any component of the raw water system.
12-volt pumps supply sea water to the various accessories.
Priming the System
Make sure the ball valves are open. Open the hose connector for the raw water washdown and
activate the pressure pump by turning the washdown pump switch to the “ON” position. Run the
pump until all of the air is purged from the system and then turn the switch off. Turn the livewell
switch to the “ON” position and run the pump until all of the air is purged from the system and
then turn the switch to the “OFF” position. Closing the thru-hull ball valves before the boat is
hauled from the water will help to eliminate air locks in raw water systems.
Note: It may be necessary to reprime the raw water system if the system is not used for an
extended period and at the time of launching.
6.2 High Pressure Washdown
A saltwater high pressure pump, controlled by a pressure sensor, supplies the raw water hose
connector located in the cockpit. The pump is located in the stern bilge below the sink and is
activated by the washdown switch located below the starboard gunnel. This switch should be
turned to the “ON” position just before using the washdown and be turned to the “OFF” position
when the washdown is not in use.
When activated, the pressure switch will automatically control the pump. As the pressure builds
in the washdown hose, the pump will shut off. When the washdown hose is in use and the
pressure drops, the pump will turn on.
The raw water washdown system is equipped with a sea strainer located on the intake side of the
pump. This should be checked frequently and cleaned as necessary.
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The Washdown Pump Connection
The washdown pump hose connection is located in the cockpit and uses a
standard garden hose connection.
Washdown Hose
Connector
ALWAYS TURN THE RAW WATER PUMP SWITCH TO THE “OFF” POSITION
WHEN LEAVING THE BOAT UNATTENDED.
DO NOT RUN THE HIGH PRESSURE PUMP DRY FOR EXTENDED PERIODS AS
DAMAGE TO THE PUMP WILL RESULT.
6.3 Livewell
Seawater is provided to the livewell by a 12-volt circulation pump. This pump is designed to
carry a constant flow of water to the livewell. The pump is not equipped with a pressure sensor
and is activated by the livewell pump switch located below the starboard gunnel near the sink.
This switch also activates the livewell light.
An overflow built into the livewell automatically controls the water level in the livewell. Always
turn the pump “OFF” at the switch panel when the livewell is not in use.
To fill the livewell, insert the plug into the drain fitting at the bottom of the livewell. Make sure
the valve at the intake thru-hull fitting is open and activate the livewell switch. When the water
level reaches the overflow, it will begin to circulate.
To drain the livewell, turn off the livewell pump and pull out the plug in the drain fitting at the
bottom of the livewell. When the livewell has completely drained, use the washdown hose to
flush the livewell.
The livewell supply thru-hull valve should be closed whenever the livewell is not in use. This
will prevent water from entering the livewell while the boat is cruising.
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The livewell system is equipped with a sea strainer on the intake side of the pump located in the
stern bilge below the sink. This should be checked frequently and cleaned as necessary.
Note: Do not use the livewell as a dry storage area when it is not in use. Sea water could
accidently be delivered to the livewell from the thru-hull and damage equipment
stored there.
6.4 Raw Water System Maintenance
The following items should be done routinely to help maintain your raw water system:
•
Check hoses, particularly the sea water supply hoses, for signs of deterioration.
•
Remove and clean the sea water strainers.
•
Spray pumps and thru-hull valves with a protective oil periodically.
•
The fishboxes and livewell should be drained and cleaned after each use.
•
Operate all thru-hull valves at least once a month to keep them operating properly.
SHOULD A HOSE RUPTURE, TURN THE PUMP OFF IMMEDIATELY. ALWAYS
CLOSE THE THRU-HULL VALVE WHEN PERFORMING MAINTENANCE ON A SEA
WATER PUMP.
THE BATTERIES MUST BE PROPERLY CHARGED. OPERATING ANY PUMPS
FROM A BATTERY WITH A LOW CHARGE MAY LEAD TO A PUMP FAILURE.
THE RAW WATER SYSTEM MUST BE PROPERLY WINTERIZED PRIOR TO WINTER LAY-UP. SEE THE SECTION ON WINTERIZING.
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THIS PAGE WAS LEFT BLANK
INTENTIONALLY
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2665 DENALI
Chapter 7:
DRAINAGE SYSTEMS
7.1 Cockpit Drainage
Your Denali has two scupper drains located on each side of the hull
near the waterline to provide drainage for the cockpit. Water is
channeled away from all opening hatches by a gutter or drain rail
system. The water then drains overboard through the scuppers.
Scupper
The scupper drain thru-hull fittings are equipped with PVC ball valves that are always open under
normal operating conditions. The valves are accessed through hatches located in the stern. In
the event of an emergency, the valves can be closed to prevent seawater from entering the boat
through the drainage system. It is important to check and operate the drain valves at least
annually to make sure they are in good condition and operating properly. Also check the drain
system frequently to ensure it is free flowing and that the hoses on the thru-hull fittings are secure
and not leaking.
Please review the drainage schematic to become familiar with the location of the thru-hull drain
valves.
7.2 Radar Arch and Hardtop Drainage
There is a hole drilled in one of the leg bases to prevent water from being trapped within the leg
and provide a wire chase for accessories. A small hole is drilled in the tubing at the base of legs
that are not drilled for a wire chase, to allow water to drain.
ALWAYS MAKE SURE THE LEG DRAIN HOLES ARE CLEAR WHEN THE BOAT IS
LAID UP FOR THE WINTER. WATER TRAPPED INSIDE THE RADAR ARCH LEGS
COULD FREEZE AND CAUSE THE LEGS TO SPLIT.
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7.3 Bilge Drainage
The bilge pumps are located in the stern bilge. All
bilge pumps pump water out of thru-hulls located
above the waterline in the hull. The bilge pumps
and automatic switch are located near the transom,
below the engine splashwell.
The bilge pump system consists of two pumps and
an automatic float switch. The float switch activates one pump that is fully automatic. There is no
manual switch for this pump. A “push to reset”
breaker near the battery switch activates the autoBilge Pump
matic float switch. It is supplied current whenever
the batteries are connected. The bilge pump switch
in the helm activates the other bilge pump manually. The float switch does not activate it
automatically. The manual switch is supplied current when the house battery switch is activated.
It is protected by a breaker in the DC breaker panel.
The manual bilge pump should be activated briefly each time the boat is used. This will ensure
that it is operating properly and increase the service life of the pump. The automatic switch
should be manually activated to verify operation.
Note: See Electrical Systems for additional information on bilge pump operation.
When the boat is out of the water, the bilge can be drained by a thru-hull drain located in the
transom near the bottom of the hull. The plug should be removed whenever the boat is hauled
out of the water and installed just prior to launching. It is important to check the drain plug
regularly to make sure it is tight.
A LOOSE DRAIN PLUG WILL ALLOW SEA WATER TO ENTER THE BILGE AND
COULD CAUSE THE BOAT TO SINK. IT IS VERY IMPORTANT TO CHECK THE
DRAIN PLUG FREQUENTLY TO ENSURE IT IS PROPERLY TIGHTENED.
Important:
54
Any oil spilled in the bilge must be thoroughly removed and properly
disposed of before operating the bilge pump. The discharge of oil from
the bilge is illegal and subject to a fine.
2665 DENALI
THE FEDERAL WATER POLLUTION CONTROL ACT PROHIBITS THE DISCHARGE OF
OIL OR OILY WASTE INTO OR UPON THE NAVIGABLE WATERS OF THE UNITED
STATES OR THE WATERS OF THE CONTIGUOUS ZONE IF SUCH DISCHARGE CAUSES A FILM OR SHEEN UPON, OR A DISCOLORATION OF THE SURFACE OF THE WATER, OR CAUSES A SLUDGE OR EMULSION BENEATH THE SURFACE OF THE WATER. VIOLATORS ARE SUBJECT TO A PENALTY OF $10,000.
CERTAIN BULKHEAD AREAS ARE SEALED IN ACCORDANCE WITH U.S. COAST
GUARD REGULATIONS THAT WERE IN EFFECT AT THE DATE OF MANUFACTURE
OF THE BOAT. ANY MODIFICATIONS TO THESE BULKHEADS SHOULD BE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE U.S. COAST GUARD REGULATIONS.
7.4 Fishbox Drainage
A large fishbox is located below the rear cockpit floor. The fishbox is drained by a macerator pump
located in the bilge that is activated by a momentary switch below the starboard gunnel, near the
sink. A momentary switch is used because the pump will be damaged if it is allowed to run dry
for more than 10 seconds. The fishbox should be pumped out and cleaned after each use.
7.5 Sink and Livewell Drains
The sink and livewell drain by gravity to overboard thru-hulls located in the hull sides just above
the waterline. The overflow in the livewell drains into the overboard drains.
7.6 Rope Locker Drain
The rope locker is drained overboard by a drain in the floor of the locker. It is very important to
check the drain frequently to make sure it is clean and free flowing.
7.7 Drainage System Maintenance
It is essential that the following items be done periodically to maintain proper drainage of your boat:
•
Clean the cockpit drain rails with a hose to remove debris that can block water drainage.
•
Clean the hardtop or radar arch leg drain holes. This is especially important just before winter
lay-up.
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•
Clean the bilge pump strainers of debris and check the bilge for foreign material that can cause
the automatic switch to malfunction.
•
Frequently test the automatic bilge pump switch for proper operation. This is accomplished
by turning the test knob on the side of the switch. You can also use a garden hose to flood
the bilge until the water level is high enough to activate the pump.
•
Flush all gravity drains with fresh water to keep them clean and free flowing.
•
Clean and flush the fishbox, cooler and livewells with soap and fresh water or a bilge cleaner
after each use to keep them clean and fresh.
ALL DRAINS AND PUMPS MUST BE PROPERLY WINTERIZED BEFORE WINTER LAYUP.
NEVER USE HARSH CHEMICAL DRAIN CLEANERS IN MARINE DRAIN SYSTEMS.
PERMANENT DAMAGE TO THE HOSES AND FITTINGS MAY RESULT.
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Chapter 8:
VENTILATION SYSTEM
8.1 Cabin Ventilation
Ventilation to the cabin area is provided by an opening deck hatch.
The deck hatch is supported in the open position by an adjustable hatch adjuster. To close the hatch,
loosen the hatch adjuster and lower the hatch. Secure in the closed position with the two cam levers
on the inside of the hatch.
8.2 Windshield Ventilation
The Pursuit 2665 Denali is equipped with a
vented heavy duty aluminum windshield. The
windshield is equipped with opening panels
on each side to provide ventilation. To open
the panels, loosen the friction knobs on the
windshield adjusters and turn the locks on the
vent panels to the unlocked position. Open the
panel to the desired position and tighten the
friction knobs. The adjusters will hold the
windshield panel in that position.
Windshield Adjuster
To close the vent panels, loosen the friction
knobs on the adjusters and close the vent.
Then turn the panel locks on the windshield
to the locked position and tighten the friction
knobs on the adjusters.
Pressing the button on the friction knob releases the handle and allows it to be rotated to any
position without loosening or tightening the friction lock.
Note: To avoid damage to the wiper arms, be careful not to open the windshield vent panels
too far.
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8.3 Engine Compartment Ventilation
All Pursuit inboard/outboard boats are equipped with engine compartment ventilation. The
ventilation system is designed to meet or exceed the requirements of the United States Coast
Guard in effect at the time of manufacture.
Free Air System
A flow of air into the engine compartment is provided by vents located on the stern hull sides.
Exhaust vent hoses, located on either side of the engine, provide a flow of air out of the engine
compartment. The exhaust hose ducts reach to the lower part of the engine compartment. This
provides adequate air movement while operating at or near cruise speeds.
Forced Ventilation
All Pursuit inboard/outboard boats are equipped with electric blowers that provide ventilation
to the engine compartment prior to start up and while operating below cruise speed. The
blowers should be operated for five (5) minutes prior to the operation of the engine or any
electrical accessory.
When the boat is operated below cruise speed, there may not be enough air pressure at the
vents to provide adequate ventilation in the engine compartment. Therefore, it is extremely
important to operate the blowers whenever the boat is not on plane. Always check the blower
exhaust vents for airflow when the blowers are operating. If the blowers are running and there
is little or no airflow at the exhaust vents, then the system is not operating properly and should
be serviced.
GASOLINE VAPORS CAN EXPLODE. BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE, OPERATE
THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT BLOWER FOR FIVE (5) MINUTES, OPEN THE ENGINE HATCH, INSPECT THE FUEL SYSTEM AND CHECK THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT FOR THE ODOR OF GASOLINE VAPORS. ALWAYS OPERATE THE
BLOWERS WHILE THE ENGINE IS AT IDLE AND BELOW CRUISE SPEED. UNDER
NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHOULD THIS PROCEDURE BE OVERLOOKED.
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8.4 Carbon Monoxide and Ventilation
FAILURE TO PROPERLY VENTILATE THE BOAT WHILE THE ENGINE IS RUNNING MAY PERMIT CARBON MONOXIDE TO ACCUMULATE WITHIN THE CABIN.
CARBON MONOXIDE IS A COLORLESS AND ODORLESS GAS THAT IS LETHAL
WHEN INHALED AND CAN CAUSE SERIOUS INJURY AND DEATH. CARE MUST
BE TAKEN TO PROPERLY VENTILATE THE BOAT AND TO AVOID CARBON
MONOXIDE FROM ACCUMULATING IN THE BOAT WHENEVER THE ENGINE IS
RUNNING.
Carbon monoxide (CO), a by-product of combustion, is invisible, tasteless, odorless, and is
produced by all engines, heating and cooking appliances. The most common sources of CO
on boats are gasoline engines, auxiliary generators and propane or butane stoves. These
produce large amounts of CO and should never be operated while sleeping. The hazard also
may be created by a boat nearby whose exhaust fumes are entering your boat. Boats also have
a problem due to the “station wagon effect” where engine exhaust fumes are captured in the
vacuum or low pressure area, usually the cockpit, bridge deck and cabin, that can be created
by the forward speed of the boat.
Boats underway should close all aft facing hatches and doors. The forward facing deck hatches should be open whenever possible to help pressurize the living
spaces of the boat. No sleeping in the
cabin should be permitted while underway. Proper ventilation should be maintained on the bridge deck by opening
windshield vents as far as possible to help
pressurize the cockpit area. The canvas
drop or aft curtain must be removed and
the side curtains should be opened or
removed to increase air flow and maintain proper ventilation whenever the engine is running.
UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHOULD THE ENGINE BE OPERATING WITH SIDE
CURTAINS CLOSED AND THE AFT OR DROP CURTAIN INSTALLED.
Extreme caution must be taken while at anchor or in a slip when an auxiliary power generator
is operating. Wind still nights can easily allow exhaust fumes, containing high concentrations
of CO, from the generator on your boat or from an adjacent boat's generator to enter the boat.
The exhaust fumes may enter your boat through open hatches or windows.
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A carbon monoxide detector has been installed in your cabin as standard equipment. While a
CO detector enhances your protection from CO poisoning, it does not guarantee it will not occur.
Do not use the carbon monoxide detector as a replacement for ordinary precautions or periodic
inspections of equipment. Never rely on alarm systems to save your life, common sense is still
prudent and necessary. Remember, the operator of the boat carries the ultimate responsibility
to make sure the boat is properly ventilated and the passengers are not exposed to dangerous
levels of carbon monoxide. You always should be alert to the symptoms and early warning signs
of carbon monoxide poisoning. You also should read “Carbon Monoxide Detector” in the
Safety Equipment chapter of this manual, and the owner’s manual supplied by the CO detector
manufacturer, for operation instructions and additional information regarding the hazards and
symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning.
ACTUATION OF THE CARBON MONOXIDE DETECTOR INDICATES THE PRESENCE OF CARBON MONOXIDE (CO) WHICH CAN BE FATAL. EVACUATE THE
CABIN IMMEDIATELY. DO A HEAD COUNT TO CHECK THAT ALL PERSONS ARE
ACCOUNTED FOR. DO NOT REENTER THE CABIN UNTIL IT HAS BEEN AIRED
OUT AND THE PROBLEM FOUND AND CORRECTED.
8.5 Maintenance
•
Periodically lubricate all hinges and latch assemblies with a light oil.
•
Periodically clean and coat gasket material with silicone to help keep them pliable.
•
Periodic inspection and cleaning of the engine compartment ventilation ducts is necessary
to ensure adequate air circulation. A build up of leaves, twigs, or other debris can severely
reduce ventilation. It is also important to be sure that the bilge water level does not
accumulate to a level that could restrict the ventilation ducts.
•
The bilge blowers are permanently lubricated and require no maintenance. Blower
operation can and should be tested by placing a hand over the exhaust vents. Do not rely
on the sound of the blower. A substantial amount of air should be exhausted by the blower.
Frequently check the intake vents for obstructions, preferably before each cruise.
SHOULD BLOWER NOISE BECOME EXCESSIVE, THE SOURCE OF THE NOISE
SHOULD BE FOUND AND CORRECTED BEFORE OPERATING THE BOAT.
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Chapter 9:
EXTERIOR EQUIPMENT
9.1 Deck
Rails and Deck Hardware
The rail system and hardware fittings have been selected and installed to perform specific
functions. Fenders or mooring lines should be secured to the cleats and not to rails or stanchions.
Mooring lines should be secured to the cleats. Be sure a clear lead exists when running dock lines
or anchor lines. A line inadvertently run around a stanchion or over the rail could cause damage.
IMPORTANT: All fittings must be periodically inspected for loose fit, wear and damage.
Any problems should be corrected immediately.
PURSUIT BOATS ARE NOT EQUIPPED WITH HARDWARE DESIGNED FOR TOWING PURPOSES. THE MOORING CLEATS ARE NOT TO BE USED FOR TOWING
ANOTHER VESSEL OR HAVING THIS BOAT TOWED.
Bow Pulpit and Roller
The bow pulpit is built into the hull and is equipped with a roller assembly
that allows the anchor to be operated and stored at the pulpit. The pulpit
roller is designed for a Delta® plow or a Danforth® style anchor. The
anchor line is stored in the rope locker and routed out the rope locker hatch,
through the roller and connected to the anchor chain. A cleat or safety
cable is provided on the deck near the pulpit to secure the anchor. Always
make sure the anchor is properly secured when it is in the stored position
on the pulpit.
Bow Pulpit and
Roller
Anchor/Rope Locker
The anchor locker is in the bow of the boat and accessed through a hatch in the deck. The anchor
line is always stored in the locker. The anchor can be mounted on the deck, on the bow roller,
or stored in the anchor locker. If the anchor is stored in the anchor locker, it must be properly
secured to prevent it from bouncing in the locker and causing damage to the hull or anchor locker.
The anchor locker drains overboard through a drain in the bottom of the locker. It is very
important to check the drain frequently to make sure it is clean and free flowing.
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THE ANCHOR MUST BE POSITIONED SO IT DOES NOT REST AGAINST THE
HULL SIDES AND BE PROPERLY SECURED AT ALL TIMES WHEN IT IS STORED
IN THE ANCHOR/ROPE LOCKER. A LOOSE ANCHOR IN THE ANCHOR LOCKER
WILL BOUNCE AND CAN DAMAGE THE BOAT. DAMAGE RESULTING FROM THE
ANCHOR BOUNCING IN THE ANCHOR LOCKER IS NOT COVERED BY THE
DENALI WARRANTY.
Windlass (Optional)
The optional windlass is mounted to the deck above the rope locker. The anchor is stored on
the bow roller and is raised and lowered by the windlass. The anchor line is stored in the rope
locker and routed out through the windlass to the anchor chain.
The anchor is lowered by releasing the safety cable and operating a “down” control at the
helm. The windlass control switch is located in the helm switch panel and protected by a
circuit breaker in the battery switch module.
Boats lying to their anchor in high swells or heavy weather conditions will snub on the line.
This can cause slippage or apply excessive loads to the windlass. After the anchor is set, the
windlass must not be left to take the entire force from the anchor line. The line should be made
fast to a bow cleat to relieve the load on the windlass.
The anchor is hauled in by releasing the line from the bow cleat and operating the “up” control
at the helm. Once the anchor is retrieved, independently secure the anchor to a safety cable
or a cleat to prevent it from being accidentally released. This is especially important while
the boat is under way.
The windlass manufacturer provides an owner’s manual with its product. It is extremely
important that you read the manual and become familiar with the proper care and operation
of the windlass.
A WINDLASS MUST BE USED WITH CARE. IT IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT THAT
YOU READ THE OWNER'S MANUAL AND BECOME FAMILIAR WITH THE SAFETY
INSTRUCTIONS AND PROPER OPERATION OF THE WINDLASS BEFORE USING IT
WITH YOUR BOAT. ALWAYS ENSURE THAT LIMBS, FINGERS, HAIR AND
CLOTHING ARE KEPT CLEAR OF THE WINDLASS AND ANCHOR LINE DURING
OPERATION.
DO NOT USE A WINDLASS AS A SOLE MEANS OF SECURING AN ANCHOR IN
THE BOW ROLLER. ALWAYS SECURE THE ANCHOR LINE TO A CLEAT OR ANCHOR SAFETY CABLE BEFORE OPERATING YOUR BOAT.
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Windshield
The Pursuit 2665 Denali is equipped with a vented heavy duty aluminum windshield. The
windshield is equipped with opening panels on each side to provide ventilation. To open the
panels, loosen the friction knobs on the windshield adjusters and turn the locks on the vent panels
to the unlocked position. Open the panel to the desired position and tighten the friction knobs.
The adjusters will hold the windshield panel in that position.
To close the vent panels, loosen the friction knobs on the adjusters and close the vent. Then
turn the panel locks on the windshield to the locked position and tighten the friction knobs on
the adjusters.
Note: To avoid damage to the wiper arms, be careful not to open the windshield vent
panels too far.
The front and side wing panels are tempered safety glass. The curved glass panels on the port
and starboard side of the windshield are made of tinted acrylic plastic glass.
Acrylic glass scratches easily. Never use a dry cloth or glass cleaning solutions on acrylic. Use
a soft cloth and mild soap and water for routine cleaning. Solvents and products containing
ammonia can permanently damage acrylic. Please refer to the Routine Maintenance chapter for
more information on the proper care and maintenance of acrylic plastic glass.
Aluminum Arch with Bimini Top and Side Curtains
The canvas for Pursuit boats is custom fit to each boat. The bimini top is designed with a
relatively flat profile and a snug fit. The canvas is fit to the boat at the factory and the bimini
top must be installed properly in order for the clear connector and side curtains to fit.
To install the Bimini top, attach the main legs to the hinges using the quick release pins and
attach the rear of the bimini canvas to the radar arch. Next, open the bimini and attach the front
bows to the deck hinges on the top of the windshield frame. Use your body weight on the front
corner of the bimini to pull down and stretch the fabric until the eye on the bow lines up with
the hole in the deck hinge. Secure each eye to the deck hinge with the quick release pins. The
bimini canvas should be stretched tight when both sides of the front bow are secured to the
windshield frame.
Attach the clear connector to the zipper at the front of the top and snap it to the top of the
windshield frame beginning with the center snaps. If the bimini top is adjusted properly, the
clear connector will have to be stretched just enough to pull out the wrinkles and reach the
snaps on the windshield. The front bow will continue to bear the main load of the top.
Once the clear connector is completely installed, the side curtains can be put on. Attach the
side curtains to the zippers on the sides of the bimini and to the front connector. Snap the
curtains to the windshield, deck and outboard snaps on the arch beginning with the forward
snaps on the windshield. If the bimini is adjusted properly, the side curtains will have to be
stretched slightly to pull out the wrinkles and reach the snaps. The main load for the top should
remain on the front bows and the arch.
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If you have the optional drop curtain, attach it to the aft bimini top and to the inboard snaps on
the arch. Snap the drop curtain to the deck and cockpit.
The warranty for the arch will be void if it is modified in any way or heavy accessories like
life rafts are mounted to it. Additionally, if items like radar antennas spotlights and other
accessories are mounted in the wrong location, the warranty could be void. If you intend to
add equipment or make modifications to the arch, you should contact Pursuit Customer
Relations to make sure the equipment you would like to add or the intended modification will
not void the warranty on the arch.
Hard Top
The optional hard top consists of a laminated fiberglass top mounted to a welded aluminum frame
that is bolted to the deck. It is designed to accommodate radio antennas, radar antennas and
navigation lights. It could also be equipped with optional top gun outriggers and/or rod holders.
The hard top is not designed to support the additional weight of items like an instrument locker
or a life raft. Radar and electronics antennas must be mounted to the top between the front and
rear legs. Do not mount any antennas or equipment to the brow area forward of the front legs.
The hard top frame is not designed to support the weight of accessories in this area and could be
damaged. The starboard rear leg is the wire chase for lights and antennas mounted to the top.
The warranty for the hard top will be void if the top is modified in any way or heavy accessories
like life rafts, or electronics lockers are mounted to the top. Additionally, if items like radar
antennas spotlights and other accessories are mounted in the wrong location, the warranty could
be void. If you intend to add equipment or make modifications to the hard top, you should contact
Pursuit Customer Relations to make sure the equipment you would like to add or the intended
modification will not void the warranty on the top.
Because the aluminum frames vary slightly, the side curtains, front clear connector and drop
curtain are custom made to each boat at the factory. To install the curtains, slide the front clear
connector into the slide track at the front of the top and snap it to the top of the windshield frame
beginning with the center snaps. The clear connector will have to be stretched just enough to pull
out the wrinkles to reach the snaps on the windshield or the deck.
Once the clear connector is completely installed, the side curtains can be put on. Slide the side
curtains into the slide tracks on the sides of the top and to the zippers on the front connector. Snap
the curtains to the windshield and the deck beginning with the forward snaps on the windshield.
The side curtains will have to be stretched slightly to pull out the wrinkles and reach the snaps.
If you have an optional drop curtain, slide it into the slide track on the back of the hard top and
attach it to the rear of the side curtains. Snap the drop curtain to the deck and cockpit.
Note: Cold weather can make the clear vinyl material stiff and difficult to stretch to the
snaps. This can particularly difficult with new canvas that has been stored off the
boat. Laying the curtains in the sun for 30 minutes during the heat of the day will
make installing them much easier in cold weather.
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9.2 Hull
Swim Platform and Transom Door
Your Denali is equipped with an integral swim platform located in the stern of the boat. A
transom door is provided to allow easy access to the swim platform. The transom door should
only be operated when the boat is not in motion. The door must be latched in either the full
“OPEN” or full “CLOSED” position. Never leave the transom door unlatched.
Note: Periodically inspect the transom door fittings for wear, damage, or loose fit. Any
problems should be inspected and corrected immediately.
THE TRANSOM DOOR SHOULD BE CLOSED AND PROPERLY LATCHED WHENEVER
THE ENGINE IS RUNNING. NEVER OPEN THE TRANSOM DOOR WHILE UNDERWAY
OR IN ROUGH SEA CONDITIONS. IN CERTAIN SITUATIONS, AN OPEN TRANSOM
DOOR COULD ALLOW A SUBSTANTIAL AMOUNT OF WATER TO ENTER THE COCKPIT CREATING A POTENTIALLY DANGEROUS CONDITION.
OPERATING THE BOAT UNDER POWER WITH THE TRANSOM DOOR OPEN MAY ALLOW PERSONS TO FALL OVERBOARD AND INTO BOAT PROPELLERS OR TO BE
LOST IN OPEN WATER. ALWAYS CHECK TO MAKE SURE THE TRANSOM DOOR IS
PROPERLY CLOSED AND LATCHED BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE AND NEVER
OPERATE THE BOAT UNDER POWER WITH THE TRANSOM DOOR OPEN.
Boarding Ladder
A boarding ladder is recessed into the swim platform under a special
hatch. To use the ladder, open the hatch in the swim platform. Then
pull the ladder out of the recess and unfold it to the open position. The
ladder must be folded into the recess and the ladder hatch properly
secured before starting the engine.
MOVING PROPELLERS ARE DANGEROUS. THEY CAN
CAUSE DEATH, LOSS OF LIMBS, OR OTHER SEVERE INJURY. DO NOT USE THE SWIM PLATFORM OR SWIM
LADDER WHILE THE ENGINE(S) ARE RUNNING. STOP
THE ENGINES IF DIVERS OR SWIMMERS ARE ATTEMPTING TO BOARD. ALWAYS REMOVE AND PROPERLY
STORE THE LADDER BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINES.
Boarding Ladder
Trim Tabs
The trim tabs are recessed into the hull below the swim platform. The trim tabs are an important
part of the control systems. Please refer to the Helm Control Systems chapter for detailed
information on the trim tabs.
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9.3 Cockpit Equipment
IN CERTAIN CONDITIONS, OPEN EXTERIOR DOORS AND HATCHES THAT ARE NOT
SECURED PROPERLY CAN SLAM CLOSED UNEXPECTEDLY AND CAUSE INJURY TO
PASSENGERS OR DAMAGE TO THE BOAT. MOST DOORS AND HATCHES ARE
EQUIPPED WITH SPECIAL FASTENERS, HATCH LIFTERS, OR SNAPS AND/OR
STRAPS, TO SECURE THEM IN THE OPEN POSITION. ALWAYS MAKE SURE THAT
THESE HATCHES AND DOORS ARE PROPERLY SECURED WHENEVER THEY ARE IN
THE OPEN POSITION.
Helm Seat Base
The helm seat is mounted on a seat base module with storage, tackle lockers, a stern facing
lounge/bench seat, battery compartment and two fire extinguishers.
The two person helm seat is equipped with an electric ram activated by switches at the helm that
move the seat forward or backward. Always make sure the seat is in the full aft position before
opening the helm.
The battery compartment is located in the forward section of the seat base. The compartment
accommodates three batteries that are accessed through a hatch on the front side of the base, below
the helm seat.
The cockpit table and pedestal are stored in a large drawer in the rear of the seat base. The table
pedestal mounts to a pedestal base located in the rear of the cockpit, on the fishbox hatch. The
motion of the boat can damage the table and pedestal when it is under way. They should be
properly stored in the drawer before operating the boat above idle speed.
The rear facing bench seat converts to a sun
lounge. To convert the seat to a lounge,
release the latch just below the port corner of
the rear seat cushion and slide the rear seat
base out. To convert the lounge to a bench
seat, lift the center cushions slightly, and then
push the seat base toward the front of the
lounge until the seat backs are in the upright
position. The spring latch will automatically
lock when the seat is in the full up position.
Sun Lounge/Bench Seat
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Helm and Electronics Locker
The helm and engine controls are located on an opening console. Molded-in electronics storage
is located forward and to port of the engine controls. Hatches in the cabin provide access for
installing and servicing the gauges and electronics.
The helm section of the console is hinged and opens to provide access to service the helm
equipment. To open the helm portion of the console, unscrew the knobs located in the forward
corners of the helm. The helm can be tilted aft to expose the underside of the helm. Always
make sure the helm station knobs are properly secured when the helm is closed.
ALWAYS MAKE SURE THE HELM STATION KNOBS ARE PROPERLY SECURED BEFORE OPERATING OR TRAILERING YOUR BOAT. IF THE HELM STATION IS NOT
PROPERLY SECURED, IT COULD OPEN UNEXPECTEDLY AND DAMAGE THE BOAT
OR CAUSE LOSS OF CONTROL.
UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHOULD THE HELM BE OPENED WHEN THE ENGINES
ARE RUNNING. IN SOME SITUATIONS IT IS POSSIBLE TO ACCIDENTALLY ENGAGE
THE ENGINE SHIFT AND THROTTLE CONTROL INTO GEAR AS THE HELM IS OPENING. THIS COULD RESULT IN LOSS OF CONTROL, DAMAGE TO THE BOAT, AND INJURY TO PASSENGERS.
Stern Sink
The stern cockpit area is equipped with a sink and cutting board. The sink is plumbed to the
freshwater system and drains overboard. Refer to the Freshwater System chapter for additional
information on the freshwater system.
A hatch below the sink provides access to the starboard stern bilge. The raw water pump, livewell
pump and fishbox macerator pump.
Fishbox
A fishbox is located in the stern below the cockpit sole. The fishbox is drained by a macerator pump
located in the bilge and activated by a momentary switch in the rear of the cockpit near the sink.
A momentary switch is used because the pump will be damaged if it is allowed to run dry for more
than a few seconds. The fishbox should be pumped out and cleaned after each use. Refer to the
Drainage Systems chapter for more information on the fishbox drainage.
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Engine Compartment Hatch and Stern Seat
A stern bench seat is built into the engine compartment
hatch. The engine compartment hatch is hinged at the
rear and opens to provide access to service the engine
and related components.
To open the engine hatch, release the clamps at the front
of the hatch. Gas hatch lifters hold the hatch in the open
position and prevent it from opening too far. Always
make sure the engine hatch clamps are properly secured when the hatch is closed.
Stern Seat
An optional retractable shower is located in the
transom on the port side of the engine compartment
hatch. It is supplied by the fresh water system. The
shower is also supplied with hot water when this
option is installed. Make sure the fresh water system
switch in the cabin or cockpit switch panel is
activated before using the shower.
Stern Seat
ALWAYS MAKE SURE THE ENGINE HATCH CLAMPS ARE PROPERLY SECURED BEFORE OPERATING OR TRAILERING YOUR BOAT. IF THE ENGINE HATCH IS NOT
PROPERLY SECURED, IT COULD OPEN UNEXPECTEDLY CAUSING DAMAGE TO THE
BOAT AND THE ENGINE HATCH.
Cabin Door and Hatch
The sliding cabin door hatch is made of acrylic plastic glass and slides
into a recess in the deck when opened. The cabin door is hinged in the
center and folds against the side of the cockpit. A lockable latch secures
the door in the closed position. There is a special hook in the cockpit next
to the door to secure it in the open position.
When opening the door, make sure you push the door against the side
of the cockpit with enough pressure to allow the latch to secure the door.
It is very important that the cabin door is secured properly in the open
or closed position. The door could be damaged by the motion of the boat
if it is allowed to swing free.
Shower
The door and hatch are made of acrylic plastic glass. Acrylic glass
scratches easily and can chip. Please refer to the Routine Maintenance chapter for information
on the proper care and maintenance of acrylic plastic glass.
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Chapter 10:
INTERIOR EQUIPMENT
10.1 Marine Head System
The marine toilet is located in a compartment aft of the Vberth. The flush water is supplied by a thru-hull fitting
located in the equipment compartment bilge aft of the
cabin and a raw water line. Before using, open the inlet
valve on the head and pump to wet the inside of the bowl.
After use, pump to discharge the waste to the holding
tank, then close the inlet valve and pump the bowl dry.
The waste remains in the holding tank until it is pumped
out by a waste dumping station.
Marine Toilet
Holding Tank
The holding tank is located in the bilge. When the tank is full, it must be pumped out by an
approved waste dumping station through the “waste" deck fitting or the overboard macerator
discharge system.
Monitor the waste level in the holding tank and have it pumped out before it is completely full.
If the holding tank is allowed to overfill, the waste will overflow into the tank vent and then
overboard.
NOTICE
IN MANY AREAS IT IS ILLEGAL TO FLUSH HEAD WASTE DIRECTLY OVERBOARD. VIOLATION OF THESE POLLUTION LAWS CAN RESULT IN FINES OR
IMPRISONMENT. ALWAYS KNOW THE LAW FOR THE AREAS IN WHICH YOU
BOAT. NEVER DUMP HEAD OR HOLDING TANK WASTE OVERBOARD ILLEGALLY.
Holding Tank and Macerator Discharge Pump
When the holding tank is full it must either be pumped out by an approved waste dumping
station through the waste deck fitting or be pumped overboard with the macerator discharge
pump, when legal to do so.
To operate the macerator discharge pump, open the ball valve at the overboard discharge thruhull fitting located in the equipment compartment aft of the cabin bulkhead. Then activate the
macerator switch until the tank is emptied. Release the switch and close the discharge ball
valve when pumping is complete.
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Note: The macerator discharge pump can only be run dry for ten seconds. Allowing the
macerator pump to run after the holding tank is empty will cause damage to the
pump.
Maintenance
The head should be cleaned and inspected for leaks regularly. Periodically, check all hoses
and fittings for leaks or signs of deterioration. If a hose or fitting is leaking it should be
repaired or replaced as soon as possible.
Make sure the holding tank vent is clear. If the vent becomes clogged, it will cause the head
to become difficult to flush or could cause the holding tank to be damaged when it is pumped
out.
The holding tank should be pumped out and flushed as needed. Periodically add chemical to
the head and holding tank to help control odor and to chemically break down the waste. The
macerator pump should be sprayed with a metal protector periodically to reduce corrosion.
See the head manufacturer owner’s manual for additional operating and maintenance
information.
THE HEAD SYSTEM MUST BE PROPERLY WINTERIZED BEFORE WINTER LAYUP. SEE THE SECTION ON WINTERIZING.
NOTICE
10.2 Cabin and V-Berth
The V-berth in the cabin is equipped with removable cushions and storage below the cushions.
There is storage in sea bags on the port side and a magazine rack and rod holders on the starboard
side.
Daylight and fresh air are provided to this area by an overhead opening hatch. Additional lighting
is provided by 12-volt lights on the forward bulkhead. The lights and other cabin equipment are
controlled by switches in a panel located near the cabin door.
Access hatches to the equipment compartment, battery switches and electronics are located in
the rear cabin bulkhead.
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10.3 Carbon Monoxide Detector
A carbon monoxide (CO) detector is installed in the cabin on the rear bulkhead. If excess carbon
monoxide fumes are detected, an audible beeping will sound indicating the presence of the toxic
gas.
The carbon monoxide detector warns the occupants of dangerous
accumulation of carbon monoxide gas. It is automatically activated whenever the cabin DC breaker panel is energized. Upon
power up, the green power indicator will flash for ten to fifteen
minutes. The feature indicates the unit is in its warm-up stage. The
green power indicator will stop flashing when the sensor has
reached optimum operating temperature. The power indicator will
then switch from flashing green to solid green.
This device uses a micro controller to continuously measure and
accumulate CO levels. Should a very high level of carbon monoxide occur, the alarm will sound within a few minutes. However,
if small quantities of CO are present or high levels are short-lived,
the detector will accumulate the information and determine when
an alarm level has been reached.
Carbon Monoxide Detector
Carbon monoxide (CO), a by-product of combustion, is invisible, tasteless, odorless, and is
produced by all engines, heating and cooking appliances. The most common sources of CO on
boats are gasoline engines and auxiliary generators and propane or butane stoves. These produce
large amounts of CO and should never be operated while sleeping.
Please read the owner's manual supplied by the detector manufacturer for operation instructions
and additional information regarding the hazards of carbon monoxide gas. Also read more about
carbon monoxide, carbon monoxide detectors, and proper ventilation in the Ventilation Systems
and Safety Equipment chapters in this manual. If you did not receive a manual for your carbon
monoxide detector, please contact Pursuit Customer Relations.
ACTUATION OF THE CARBON MONOXIDE DETECTOR INDICATES THE PRESENCE OF CARBON MONOXIDE (CO) WHICH CAN BE FATAL. EVACUATE THE
CABIN IMMEDIATELY. DO A HEAD COUNT TO CHECK THAT ALL PERSONS ARE
ACCOUNTED FOR. DO NOT REENTER THE CABIN UNTIL IT HAS BEEN AIRED
OUT AND THE PROBLEM FOUND AND CORRECTED.
CO POISONING PRODUCES FLU-LIKE SYMPTOMS: WATERY AND ITCHY EYES,
HEADACHES, AND FATIGUE. YOU CAN'T SEE IT AND YOU CAN'T SMELL IT.
IT'S AN INVISIBLE KILLER.
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CO DETECTORS ARE VERY RELIABLE AND RARELY SOUND FALSE ALARMS. IF
THE ALARM SOUNDS, ALWAYS ASSUME THE HAZARD IS REAL AND MOVE PERSONS WHO HAVE BEEN EXPOSED TO CARBON MONOXIDE INTO FRESH AIR IMMEDIATELY. NEVER DISABLE THE CO DETECTOR BECAUSE YOU THINK THE
ALARM MAY BE FALSE. ALWAYS CONTACT THE DETECTOR MANUFACTURER,
THE PURSUIT CUSTOMER RELATIONS DEPARTMENT OR YOUR LOCAL FIRE DEPARTMENT FOR ASSISTANCE IN FINDING AND CORRECTING THE SITUATION.
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Chapter 11:
SAFETY EQUIPMENT
11.1 General
Your boat and inboard/outboard engine has been equipped with safety equipment designed to
enhance the safe operation of the boat and to meet U.S. Coast Guard safety standards. The
Coast Guard or state, county, and municipal law enforcement agencies require certain
additional accessory safety equipment on each boat. This equipment varies according to
length and type of boat and type of propulsion. The accessory equipment required by the Coast
Guard is described in this chapter. Some local laws require additional equipment. It is
important to obtain “Federal Requirements And Safety Tips for Recreational Boats,” published by the Coast Guard, and copies of state and local laws, to make sure you have the
required equipment for your boating area.
The 2665 Denali model is equipped with engine alarms, an automatic fire extinguishing
system and cabin monitoring equipment. These systems are designed to increase your boating
safety by alerting you to potentially serious problems in the primary power systems, the
engine compartment, and the cabin. Alarm systems are not intended to lessen or replace good
maintenance and precruise procedures.
This chapter also describes safety related equipment that could be installed on your boat. This
equipment will vary depending on the type of engine and other options installed by you or your
dealer.
11.2 Engine Alarm
Most inboard/outboard engines are equipped with an audible alarm system mounted in the
helm area that monitors selected critical engine systems. The alarm will sound if one of these
systems begins to fail. Boats with Volvo diesel engines are equipped with an alarm panel
display. The panel contains symbols for coolant temperature, oil pressure, battery charging,
and pre-heater. The symbols indicate the problem system when the alarm sounds. Refer to
the engine owner’s manual for information on the alarm installed with your engine.
If the alarm sounds:
•
Immediately throttle the engine back to idle.
•
Shift to neutral.
•
Monitor the engine gauges to determine the cause of the problem.
•
If necessary, shut off the engine and investigate until the cause of the problem is found.
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11.3 Neutral Safety Switch
Every control system has a neutral safety switch incorporated into it. This device prohibits
an engine from being started while the shift lever is in any position other than the neutral
position. If the engine will not start, slight movement of the shift lever may be necessary to
locate the neutral position and disengage the safety cutout switch. Control or cable
adjustments may be required to correct this condition should it persist. See your Pursuit dealer
for necessary control and cable adjustments. Please refer to the Helm Control Systems chapter
for more information on the neutral safety switch.
11.4 Engine Stop Switch
Your Denali is equipped with a engine stop switch and lanyard. When the lanyard is pulled
it will engage the switch and shut off the engine. We strongly recommend that the lanyard be
attached to the driver whenever the engine is running. If the engine will not start, it could be
because the lanyard is not properly inserted into the engine stop switch. Always make sure
the lanyard is properly attached to the engine stop switch before attempting to start the engine.
11.5 Required Safety Equipment
Besides the equipment installed on your boat by Pursuit, certain other equipment is required
by the U.S. Coast Guard to help ensure passenger safety. Items like a sea anchor, working
anchor, extra dock lines, flare pistol, life vests, a line permanently secured to your ring buoy,
etc. could at some time save your passengers’ lives, or save your boat from damage. Refer
to the “Federal Requirements And Safety Tips For Recreational Boats” pamphlet for a more
detailed description of the required equipment. You can also contact the U.S. Coast Guard
Boating Safety Hotline, 800-368-5647 or 800-336-2628 and 800-245-2628 in Virginia, for
information on boat safety courses and brochures listing the Federal equipment requirements.
Also, check your local and state regulations.
The Coast Guard Auxiliary offers a “Courtesy Examination.” This inspection will help ensure
that your boat is equipped with all of the necessary safety equipment.
The following is a list of the accessory equipment required on your boat by the U.S. Coast
Guard:
Personal Flotation Devices (PFDs)
PFDs must be Coast Guard approved, in good and serviceable condition, and of appropriate
size for the intended user. Wearable PFDs must be readily accessible, meaning you must be
able to put them on in a reasonable amount of time in an emergency. Though not required,
the Coast Guard emphasizes that PFDs should be worn at all times when the vessel is
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underway. Throwable devices must be immediately available for use. All Pursuit boats must
be equipped with at least one Type I, II or III PFD for each person on board, plus one throwable
device (Type IV).
Visual Distress Signals
All Pursuit boats used on coastal waters, the Great Lakes, territorial seas, and those waters
connected directly to them, must be equipped with Coast Guard approved visual distress signals.
These signals are either Pyrotechnic or Non-Pyrotechnic devices.
Pyrotechnic visual distress signals
Pyrotechnic visual distress signals must be Coast Guard approved, in serviceable condition, and
readily accessible. They are marked with a date showing the service life, which must not have
expired. A minimum of three are required. Some pyrotechnic signals meet both day and night
use requirements. They should be stored in a cool, dry location. They include:
•
Pyrotechnic red flares, hand held or aerial.
•
Pyrotechnic orange smoke, hand-held or floating.
•
Launchers for aerial red meteors or parachute flares.
PYROTECHNICS ARE UNIVERSALLY RECOGNIZED AS EXCELLENT DISTRESS SIGNALS. HOWEVER, THERE IS POTENTIAL FOR INJURY AND PROPERTY DAMAGE IF
NOT PROPERLY HANDLED. THESE DEVICES PRODUCE A VERY HOT FLAME AND
THE RESIDUE CAN CAUSE BURNS AND IGNITE FLAMMABLE MATERIAL. PISTOL
LAUNCHED AND HAND-HELD PARACHUTE FLARES AND METEORS HAVE MANY
CHARACTERISTICS OF A FIREARM AND MUST BE HANDLED WITH CAUTION. IN
SOME STATES THEY ARE CONSIDERED A FIREARM AND PROHIBITED FROM USE.
ALWAYS BE EXTREMELY CAREFUL AND FOLLOW THE MANUFACTURER'S INSTRUCTIONS EXACTLY WHEN USING PYROTECHNIC DISTRESS SIGNALS.
Non-Pyrotechnic Devices
Non-Pyrotechnic visual distress signals must be in serviceable condition, readily accessible, and
certified by the manufacturer as complying with U.S. Coast Guard requirements. They include:
•
Orange Distress Flag. (Day use only)
The distress flag is a day signal only. It must be at least 3 x 3 feet with a black square and
ball on an orange background. It is most distinctive when attached and waved from a paddle
or boat hook.
•
Electric Distress Light. (Night use only)
The electric distress light is accepted for night use only and must automatically flash the
international S.O.S. distress signal. Under Inland Navigation Rules, a high intensity white
light flashing at regular intervals from 50-70 times per minute is considered a distress signal.
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Fire Extinguishers
At least one fire extinguisher is required on all Pursuit boats. Coast Guard approved fire
extinguishers are hand-portable, either B-I or B-II classification and have a specific marine type
mounting bracket. It is recommended the extinguishers be mounted in a readily accessible
position.
Fire extinguishers require regular inspections to ensure that:
•
Seals & tamper indicators are not broken or missing.
•
Pressure gauges or indicators read in the operable range.
•
There is no obvious physical damage, corrosion, leakage or clogged nozzles.
Refer to the “Federal Requirements And Safety Tips For Recreational Boats” pamphlet or
contact the U.S. Coast Guard Boating Safety Hotline, 1-800-368-5647, for information on the
type and size fire extinguisher required for your boat.
Please refer to the information provided by the fire extinguisher manufacturer for instructions
on the proper maintenance and use of your fire extinguisher.
INFORMATION FOR HALON OR AGENT FE-241 FIRE EXTINGUISHERS IS PROVIDED
BY THE MANUFACTURER. IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT YOU READ THE INFORMATION
CAREFULLY AND COMPLETELY UNDERSTAND THE SYSTEM, IN THEORY AND OPERATION, BEFORE USING YOUR BOAT.
Fuel compartment and bilge fires are very dangerous because of the presence of gasoline or
diesel fuel in the various components of the fuel system and the possibility for explosion. You
must make the decision to fight the fire or abandon the boat. If the fire cannot be extinguished
quickly or it is too intense to fight, abandoning the boat may be your only option. If you find
yourself in this situation, make sure all passengers have a life preserver on and go over the side
and swim well upwind of the boat. This will keep you and your passengers well clear of any
burning fuel that could be released and spread on the water as the boat burns or in the event of
an explosion. When clear of the danger, check about and account for all those who were aboard
with you. Give whatever assistance you can to anyone in need or in the water without a buoyant
device. Keep everyone together in a group for morale and to aid rescue operations.
GASOLINE CAN EXPLODE. IN THE EVENT OF A FUEL COMPARTMENT
OR BILGE FIRE, YOU MUST MAKE THE DIFFICULT DECISION TO FIGHT
THE FIRE OR ABANDON THE BOAT. YOU MUST CONSIDER YOUR
SAFETY, THE SAFETY OF YOUR PASSENGERS, THE INTENSITY OF THE
FIRE AND THE POSSIBILITY OF AN EXPLOSION IN YOUR DECISION.
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11.6 Automatic Fire Extinguishing System
The Denali engine compartment is equipped with an automatic fire extinguishing system. The
equipment has been chosen and located to provide sufficient volume and coverage of the entire
engine compartment area. While the system ensures excellent bilge fire protection, it does not
eliminate the U.S. Coast Guard requirement for hand held fire extinguishers.
The automatic fire extinguishing system is automatically activated when the temperature in the
engine compartment reaches a specific temperature, usually around 165 0 F. The system is
equipped with an indicator light. Under normal circumstances, whenever the ignition key is
turned on, the indicator light will glow. This indicates that the system is operating and ready
for activation if necessary. If the indicator light does not glow when the ignition switch is turned
on, either the system has discharged or there is a problem that should be corrected before using
the boat. Should the unit discharge during the operation of the boat, the lamp will go off.
An engine cut out circuit automatically shuts down the engine when the system is activated. The
red light on the fire extinguisher control panel will light and an alarm will sound if this should
occur. When sufficient time has elapsed for the fire to be extinguished and a flashback is no
longer possible, find and fix the problem, then the override switch on the control panel can be
moved to the “OVERRIDE” position and the engine can be restarted.
IF ACTIVATION SHOULD OCCUR, IMMEDIATELY SHUT DOWN ALL ENGINES, ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS, POWERED VENTILATION AND EXTINGUISH ALL SMOKING MATERIALS. DO NOT OPEN THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT HATCH IMMEDIATELY!!
THIS FEEDS OXYGEN TO THE FIRE AND FLASH BACK COULD RESULT. ALLOW THE
EXTINGUISHING AGENT TO SOAK THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT FOR AT LEAST 15
MINUTES AND WAIT FOR HOT METALS OR FUELS TO COOL BEFORE CAUTIOUSLY
INSPECTING FOR CAUSE OR DAMAGE. HAVE AN APPROVED PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHER AT HAND AND READY FOR USE. DO NOT BREATH FUMES OR VAPORS
CAUSED BY THE FIRE!!
DIESEL ENGINES WILL CONSUME EXTINGUISHING AGENT. IF THE SYSTEM DISCHARGES AND THE ENGINES DOES NOT AUTOMATICALLY SHUT DOWN, IT MUST
BE IMMEDIATELY SHUT DOWN MANUALLY. IF A DIESEL ENGINE IS ALLOWED TO
RUN IN THIS SITUATION, IT WILL CONSUME THE EXTINGUISHING AGENT AND
FLASH BACK COULD RESULT.
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IF THE AUTOMATIC FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM IS INSTALLED IN
YOUR BOAT, THE OWNER'S MANUAL PROVIDED BY THE SYSTEM MANUFACTURER SHOULD BE INCLUDED. IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT YOU READ
THE INFORMATION CAREFULLY AND COMPLETELY UNDERSTAND THE
SYSTEM IN THEORY AND OPERATION BEFORE USING YOUR BOAT. IF
YOU DID NOT RECEIVE THE FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM OWNER'S
MANUAL, PLEASE CONTACT YOUR DEALER OR THE PURSUIT CUSTOMER RELATIONS DEPARTMENT.
11.7 Carbon Monoxide Monitoring System
CARBON MONOXIDE IS A LETHAL, TOXIC GAS THAT IS COLORLESS AND ODORLESS. IT IS A DANGEROUS GAS THAT WILL CAUSE DEATH IN CERTAIN LEVELS.
The carbon monoxide detector is in the cabin and warns the
occupants of dangerous accumulation of carbon monoxide gas. It
is automatically activated whenever the cabin DC breaker panel
is energized. Upon power up, the green power indicator will flash
for ten to fifteen minutes. The feature indicates the unit is in its
warm-up stage. The green power indicator will stop flashing
when the sensor has reached optimum operating temperature.
The power indicator will then switch from flashing green to solid
green.
This device uses a micro controller to continuously measure and
accumulate CO levels. Should a very high level of carbon
monoxide occur, the alarm will sound within a few minutes.
However, if small quantities of CO are present or high levels are
short-lived, the detector will accumulate the information and
determine when an alarm level has been reached.
CO Detector
Always make sure the battery switch is “ON” and the power light on the carbon
monoxide detector is lit whenever the cabin is occupied.
Carbon monoxide (CO), a by-product of combustion, is invisible, tasteless, odorless, and is
produced by all engines, heating and cooking appliances. The most common sources of CO
on boats are gasoline engines and auxiliary generators and propane or butane stoves. These
produce large amounts of CO and should never be operated while sleeping.
A slight buildup of carbon monoxide over several hours causes headache, nausea and other
symptoms that are similar to food poisoning, motion sickness or flu. High concentrations can
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be fatal within minutes. Many cases of carbon monoxide poisoning indicate that while victims
are aware they are not well, they become so disoriented they are unable to save themselves by
either exiting the area or calling for help. Also, young children, elderly persons, and pets may
be the first affected.
Drug or alcohol use increases the effect of CO exposure. Individuals with cardiac or
respiratory conditions are very susceptible to the dangers of carbon monoxide. CO poisoning
is especially dangerous during sleep when victims are unaware of any side effects. The
following are symptoms which may signal exposure to CO: (1) Headache (2) Tightness of
chest or hyperventilation (3) Flushed face (4) Nausea (5) Drowsiness (6) Fatigue or
Weakness (7) Inattention or confusion (8) Lack of normal coordination.
Persons who have been exposed to carbon monoxide should be moved into fresh air
immediately. Have the victim breath deeply and seek immediate medical attention. To learn
more about CO poisoning, contact your local health authorities.
Low levels of carbon monoxide over an extended period of time can be just as lethal as high
doses over a short period. Therefore, low levels of carbon monoxide can cause the alarm to
sound before the occupants of the boat notice any symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning.
CO detectors are very reliable and rarely sound false alarms. If the alarm sounds, always
assume the hazard is real and move persons who have been exposed to carbon monoxide into
fresh air immediately. Never disable the CO detector because you think the alarm may be
false. Always contact the detector manufacturer or your local fire department for assistance
in finding and correcting the situation.
Remember, carbon monoxide detectors do not guarantee that CO poisoning will not occur. Do
not use the CO detector as a replacement for ordinary precautions or periodic inspections of
equipment. Never rely on alarm systems to save your life, common sense is still prudent and
necessary.
Please read the owner’s manual supplied by the CO detector manufacturer and included with
this manual for operation instructions and additional information regarding the hazards of
carbon monoxide gas. Refer to the Ventilation chapter for information on ventilating your
boat properly while underway and other precautions while at anchor or in a slip. This is
especially essential if your boat is equipped with a generator.
Many manufacturers of carbon monoxide detectors offer a testing and recertification program. We recommend that you contact the manufacturer of your carbon monoxide detector
and have it tested and recertified periodically.
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ACTUATION OF THE CARBON MONOXIDE DETECTOR INDICATES THE
PRESENCE OF CARBON MONOXIDE (CO) WHICH CAN BE FATAL.
EVACUATE THE CABIN IMMEDIATELY. DO A HEAD COUNT TO CHECK
THAT ALL PERSONS ARE ACCOUNTED FOR. DO NOT REENTER THE
CABIN UNTIL IT HAS BEEN AIRED OUT AND THE PROBLEM FOUND AND
CORRECTED.
11.8 First Aid
It is the operator's responsibility to be familiar with the proper
first-aid procedures and be able to care for minor injuries or
illnesses of your passengers. In an emergency, you could be
far from professional medical assistance. We strongly recommend that you be prepared by receiving training in basic first
aid and CPR. This can be done through classes given by the
Red Cross or your local hospital.
Your boat should also be equipped with at least a simple marine first-aid kit and a first-aid
manual. The marine first-aid kit should be designed for the marine environment and be well
supplied. It should be accessible and each person on board should be aware of its location.
As supplies are used, replace them promptly. Some common drugs and antiseptics may lose
their strength or become unstable as they age. Ask a medical professional about the supplies
you should carry and the safe shelf life of prescription drugs or other medical supplies that may
be in your first-aid kit. Replace questionably old supplies whether they have been used or not.
In many emergency situations, the Coast Guard can provide assistance in obtaining medical
advice for treatment of serious injuries or illness. If you are within VHF range of a Coast
Guard Station, make the initial contact on channel 16 and follow their instructions.
11.9 Additional Safety Equipment
Besides meeting the legal requirements, prudent boaters carry additional safety equipment.
This is particularly important if you operate your boat offshore. You should consider the
following items, depending on how you use your boat.
Satellite EPIRBS
EPIRBs (Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon) operate as part of a worldwide
distress system. When activated, EPIRBs will send distress code homing beacons that allow
Coast Guard aircraft to identify and find them quickly. The satellites that receive and relay
EPIRB signals are operated by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
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(NOAA) in the United States. The EPIRB should be mounted and registered according to the
instructions provided with the beacon, so that the beacon's unique distress code can be used
to quickly identify the boat and owner.
Additional Equipment to Consider:
VHF Radio
Heaving Line
Flashlight
Sunburn Lotion
Whistle or Horn
Boat Hook
Food & Water
Marine Hardware
Life Raft
Fenders
Mirror
Tool Kit
Anchor
Spare Propeller
Binoculars
Extra Clothing
Spare Anchor
First Aid Kit
Searchlight
Ring Buoy
Chart and Compass
Mooring Lines
Sunglasses
Spare Parts
11.10 Caution and Warning Labels
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Chapter 12:
OPERATION
12.1 General
Before you start the engine on your Denali, you should have become familiar with the various
component systems and their operation, and have performed a “Pre-Cruise System Check.”
A thorough understanding of the component systems and their operation is essential to the
proper operation of the boat. This manual and the associated manufacturers’ information is
provided to enhance your knowledge of your boat. Please read them carefully.
Your boat must have the necessary safety equipment on board and be in compliance with the
U.S. Coast Guard, local and state safety regulations. There should be one “Personal Flotation
Device” (PFD) for each person. Nonswimmers and small children should wear PFDs at all
times. You should know and understand the “Rules of the Road” and have had an experienced
operator brief you on the general operation of your new boat. At least one other person should
be instructed on the proper operation of the boat in case the operator is suddenly incapacitated.
The operator is responsible for his safety and the safety of his passengers. When boarding
or loading the boat, always step onto the boat , never jump. All passengers should be properly
seated whenever the boat is operated above idle speed. Your passengers should not be allowed
to sit on the seat backs, gunnels, bows, transoms or on fishing seats whenever the boat is
underway. The passengers should also be seated to properly balance the load and must not
obstruct the operators view, particularly to the front.
Overloading and improper distribution of weight can cause the boat to become unstable and
are a significant cause of accidents. Do not overload your boat. Remember, it is the
responsibility of the operator to use good common sense and sound judgment in loading
and operating the boat.
12.2 Rules of the Road
As in driving an automobile, there are a few rules you must know for safe boating operation.
The following information describes the basic navigation rules and action to be taken by
vessels in a crossing, meeting or overtaking situation while operating in inland waters. These
are basic examples and not intended to teach all the rules of navigation. For further
information consult the “Navigation Rules” or contact the Coast Guard, Coast Guard
Auxiliary, Department of Natural Resources, or your local boat club. These organizations
sponsor courses in boat handling, including rules of the road. We strongly recommend such
courses. Other books on this subject are also available from your local library.
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Notice: Sailboats not under power, paddle boats and other vessels without
power have the right of way over motor powered boats. You must stay clear
or pass to the stern of these vessels. Sailboats under power are considered
motor boats.
Crossing Situations
When two motor boats are crossing, the boat on the
right has the right of way, the boat with the right of
way should maintain its course and speed. The other
vessel should slow down and permit it to pass. The
boats should sound the appropriate signals.
Meeting Head-On or Nearly So Situations
When two motor boats are approaching each other
head on or nearly head on, neither boat has the right
of way. Both boats should reduce their speed and
turn to the right so as to pass port side to port side,
providing enough clearance for safe passage. The
boats should sound the appropriate signals.
Overtaking Situations
When one motor boat is overtaking another
motor boat, the boat that is being passed has the
right of way. The overtaking boat must make the
adjustments necessary to provide clearance for a
safe passage of the other vessel. The boats
should sound the appropriate signals.
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The General Prudential Rule
In obeying the Rules of the Road, due regard must be given to all dangers of navigation and
collision, and to any special circumstances, including the limitations of the vessels, which
may justify a departure from the rules that is necessary to avoid immediate danger or a
collision.
Navigation Aids
Aids to navigation are placed along coasts and
navigable waters as guides to mark safe water
and to assist mariners in determining their
position in relation to land and hidden dangers. Each aid to navigation is used to provide
specific information. You should be familiar
with these and any other markers used in your
boating area.
STORMS AND WAVE ACTION CAN CAUSE BUOYS TO MOVE. YOU SHOULD
NOT RELY ON BUOYS ALONE TO DETERMINE YOUR POSITION.
12.3 Pre-Cruise System Check
Before Starting the Engine:
•
Check the weather forecast. Decide if the planned cruise can be made safely.
•
Be sure all required documents are on board.
•
Be sure all necessary safety equipment is on board and operative. This should include
items like the running lights, spotlight, life saving devices, etc. Please refer to the Safety
Equipment chapter for additional information on safety equipment.
•
Make sure you have signal kits and flare guns aboard, and they are current and in good
operating condition.
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•
Be sure you have sufficient water and other provisions for the planned cruise.
•
Leave a written message listing details of your planned cruise with a close friend ashore
(Float Plan). The float plan should include a description of your boat, where you intend
to cruise, and a schedule of when you expect to arrive in the cruising area and when you
expect to return. Keep the person informed of any changes in your plan to prevent false
alarms. This information will tell authorities where to look and the type of boat to look
for in the event you fail to arrive.
•
Check the amount of fuel on board. Observe the “rule of thirds”: one third of the fuel for
the trip out, one third to return and one third in reserve. An additional 15% may be
consumed in rough seas.
•
The engine fuel filter should also be checked for water, leaks or corrosion.
•
Check the oil in the engine.
•
Set the battery selector switches as desired.
•
Check the bilge water level. Look for other signs of potential problems. Monitor for the
scent of fuel fumes.
•
Turn on the bilge blower. Check the blower output and operate five (5) minutes before
starting the engine.
•
Test the automatic and manual bilge pump switches to make sure the system is working
properly. The bilge pump automatic float switch can be tested by using a garden hose to
flood the bilge until the water level is high enough to activate the pump.
Have a tool kit aboard. The kit should include the following basic tools:
Spark Plug Wrench
Spark Plug Gap Gauge
Screwdrivers
Pliers
Adjustable Wrench
Needle Nose Pliers
End Wrench Set
Hammer
Electrician’s Tape
Lubricating Oil
Jackknife
Vise grip Pliers
Wire Crimping Tool
Wire Connector Set
THERE MUST BE AT LEAST ONE PERSONAL FLOTATION DEVICE ON BOARD
FOR EVERY PERSON ON BOARD AND ONE THROW-OUT FLOTATION DEVICE.
CHECK THE U.S. COAST GUARD STANDARDS FOR THE CORRECT TYPE OF
DEVICE FOR YOUR BOAT.
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•
Have the following spare parts on board:
Extra light bulbs
Fuses and circuit breakers
Drain plugs
Propeller(s)
Propeller nut
•
Spark plugs
Flashlight and batteries
Engine oil
Fuel filters
Fuel hose and clamps
Make sure all fire extinguishers are in position and in good operating condition.
VAPORIZING LIQUID EXTINGUISHERS GIVE OFF TOXIC FUMES; USE ONLY
COAST GUARD APPROVED FIRE EXTINGUISHERS.
12.4 Operating Your Boat
GASOLINE VAPORS CAN EXPLODE. BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE, OPERATE THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT BLOWER FOR FIVE (5) MINUTES, OPEN
THE ENGINE HATCH, INSPECT THE FUEL SYSTEM AND CHECK THE ENGINE
FOR THE ODOR OF GASOLINE VAPORS. ALWAYS OPERATE THE BLOWER
WHILE THE ENGINE IS AT IDLE. DO NOT START OR OPERATE THE ENGINE
IF FUEL FUMES ARE PRESENT. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHOULD THIS
PROCEDURE BE OVERLOOKED.
After Starting the Engine:
•
Visibly check the engine to be sure there is no apparent water, fuel or oil leaks.
•
Check the engine gauges. Make sure they are reading normally.
•
Check the controls for proper operation.
•
Make sure all lines, cables, anchors, etc. for securing the boat are on board and in good
condition. All lines should be coiled, secured, and off the decks when underway.
•
Have a safe cruise and enjoy yourself.
Remember:
When you operate a boat, you accept the responsibility for the boat, for the safety of
passengers and for others out enjoying the water.
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•
Alcohol or drugs can severely reduce your reaction time and affect your better judgment.
•
Alcohol severely reduces the ability to react to several different signals at once.
•
Alcohol makes it difficult to correctly judge speed and distance, or track moving objects.
•
Alcohol reduces night vision and the ability to distinguish red from green.
YOU SHOULD NEVER OPERATE YOUR BOAT WHILE UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF
ALCOHOL OR DRUGS.
MAKE SURE ONE OTHER PERSON ON THE BOAT IS INSTRUCTED IN THE OPERATION OF THE BOAT.
MAKE SURE THE BOAT IS OPERATED IN COMPLIANCE WITH ALL STATE AND
LOCAL LAWS GOVERNING THE USE OF A BOAT.
DO NOT OPERATE THE BOAT UNLESS IT IS COMPLETELY ASSEMBLED. KEEP
ALL FASTENERS TIGHT. KEEP ADJUSTMENTS ACCORDING TO SPECIFICATIONS.
•
Avoid sea conditions that are beyond the skill and experience of you and your crew.
•
Before operating the boat for the first time, read the engine break-in procedures. The
break-in procedures are found in the owner’s manual for the engine. The manual is in the
literature packet.
•
As different types of engines could be used to power the boat, have the dealer describe the
operating procedures for your boat. For more instructions on “How To Operate The Boat,”
make sure you read the instructions given to you in the owner’s manual for the engine
installed in your boat.
Note: For more instructions on safety, equipment and boat handling, enroll in one of the
several free boating courses offered. For information on the courses offered in
your area, call the “Boating Safety Hotline,” 800-368-5647 or the “Boat U.S.
Foundation Course Hotline,” 800-336-2628 for further information on boating
safety courses.
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Note: If the drive unit hits an underwater object, stop the engine. Inspect the drive unit
for damage. If the unit is damaged, contact your dealer for a complete inspection
and repair of the unit.
To stop the boat, follow this procedure:
•
Allow the engine to drop to the idle speed.
•
Make sure the shifting levers are in the neutral position.
Note: If the engine has been run at high speed for a long period of time, allow it to cool
down by running the engine in the idle position for 3 to 5 minutes.
•
Turn the ignition key to the “OFF” position.
After Operation:
•
If operating in saltwater, wash the boat and all equipment with soap and water.
•
Check the bilge area for debris and excess water.
•
Fill the fuel tank to near full to reduce condensation.
•
Check that the boat is properly moored.
•
Turn off all electrical equipment except the automatic bilge pumps.
•
If you are going to leave the boat for a long period of time, put the battery main switches
in the “OFF” position and close all sea cocks.
•
Make sure the boat is securely moored.
TO PREVENT DAMAGE TO THE BOAT, CLOSE ALL SEACOCKS BEFORE LEAVING THE BOAT.
12.5 Docking, Anchoring and Mooring
Docking and Dock Lines
Maneuvering the boat near the dock and securing the boat require skill and techniques that are
unique to the water and wind conditions and the layout of the dock. If possible, position a crew
member at the bow and stern to man the lines and assist in docking operations. While
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maneuvering close to the dock consideration must be giving to the wind and current. You should
anticipate the effect these forces will have on the boat and use them to help put the boat where
you want it. It is important to practice in open water using an imaginary dock enough to develop
a sense for the way your boat handles in a variety of docking scenarios. You must be able to
foresee the possibilities and have solutions in mind before problems occur.
Approaching a dock or backing into a slip in high winds or strong currents requires a
considerable amount of skill. If you are new to boat handling, you should take lessons from
an experienced pilot to learn how to maneuver your boat in tight quarters in less than ideal
conditions. You should also practice away from the dock during windy conditions.
Dock lines are generally twisted or braided nylon. Nylon is strong and stretches to absorb
shock. It also has a long life and is soft and easy on the hands. The line's size will vary with
the size of the boat. Typically a 30 to 40 foot boat will use 5/8-inch line and a 20 to 30 foot
boat will use 1/2-inch line. The number of lines and their configuration will vary depending
on the dock, the range of the tide, and many other factors. Usually a combination of bow, stern
and spring lines is used to secure the boat.
Maneuvering to the Dock
Approach the dock slowly at a 30 to 40 degree angle. Whenever possible, approach against
the wind or current. Turn the outdrive straight & shift to neutral when you feel you have
enough momentum to reach the dock. Use reverse on the engine while turning the steering
wheel toward the dock to slow the boat and pull the stern toward the dock as the boat
approaches. Straighten the outdrive and use the engine to stop the boat if it is still moving
forward against the pilings. If you executed your approach properly, the boat will lightly
touch the pilings at the same time the forward momentum is stopped. Have the dock lines
ready and secure the boat as soon at it stops. Use fenders to protect the boat while it is docked.
Keep the engines running until the lines are secured.
Backing into a Slip
Approach the slip with the stern against the wind or current and the outdrive straight ahead.
Use the engine and turn the steering wheel to maneuver the boat into alignment with the slip.
Reverse the engine and slowly back into the slip. Shift from reverse to neutral frequently to
prevent the boat from gaining too much speed. Move the stern right and left by shifting the
engine in and out of gear or turning the wheel. When nearly in the slip all the way, straighten
the outdrive and shift to forward to stop. Keep the engines running until the lines are secured.
Securing Dock Lines
Securing a boat along side the dock typically requires a bow and stern line and two spring lines.
The bow and stern lines are usually secured to the dock at a 40° angle aft of the stern cleat and
forward of the bow cleat. The after bow spring line is secured to the dock at a 40° angle aft
of the after bow spring cleat. The forward quarter spring is secured to the dock at a 40° angle
forward of the stern cleat. The spring lines keep the boat square to the dock and reduce fore
and aft movement while allowing the boat to move up and down with the tide.
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Securing a boat in a slip is somewhat different. It typically requires two bow lines secured to
pilings on each side of the bow, two stern lines secured to the dock and two spring lines that
prevent the boat from hitting the dock. The bow lines are typically secured with enough slack
to allow the boat to ride the tide. The stern lines are crossed. One line runs from the port aft
boat cleat to the starboard dock cleat and the other line runs from the starboard aft boat cleat
to the port cleat on the dock. The stern lines center the boat, control the forward motion, and
allow the boat to ride the tide. Two forward quarter spring lines typically are secured to the
stern cleats and to mid ship pilings or cleats. The spring lines keep the boat from backing into
the dock while allowing it to ride the tide.
Leaving the Dock
Always start the engine and let it warm up for 10 to 15 minutes before releasing the lines. Boats
steer from the stern and it is important that you achieve enough clearance at the stern to
maneuver the boat as quickly as possible. Push the stern off and maneuver such that you get
stern clearance quickly. Proceed slowly until well clear of the dock and other boats.
Mooring
Approach the mooring heading into the wind or current. Shift to neutral when you have just
enough headway to reach the buoy. Position a crew member on the bow to retrieve the
mooring with a boat hook and secure the line. Keep the engine running until the line is secured.
Leaving a Mooring
Start the engine and let it warm up for several minutes before releasing the mooring line. The
boat will already be headed into the wind, so move it forward enough to loosen the line and
untie it. Back the boat away from the mooring until you can see the buoy. Move the boat
slowly away from the mooring.
Anchoring
Make sure the bitter end of the anchor rode is attached to the boat before dropping the anchor.
Bring the bow into the wind or current and put the engine in neutral. When the vessel comes
to a stop, lower the anchor over the bow. Pay out anchor line so that it is at least 5 to 7 times
the depth of the water and secure the line to a cleat. Use caution to avoid getting your feet or
hands tangled in the line. Additional scope of 10 times the depth may be required for storm
conditions. Check landmarks on shore to make sure the anchor is not dragging. If it is
dragging, you will have to start all over. It is prudent to use two anchors if anchoring overnight
or in rough weather.
Releasing the Anchor
Release the anchor by driving the boat slowly to the point where the anchor line becomes
vertical. It should release when you pass that point. If the anchor doesn't release right away,
stop the boat directly above the anchor and tie the line to the cleat as tight as possible. The
up and down movement of the boat will usually loosen the anchor within a minute. Make sure
you secure the anchor and properly stow the line before operating the boat.
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NEVER ANCHOR THE BOAT BY THE STERN. THE STERN OF THE BOAT
IS VULNERABLE TO SWAMPING FROM WAVE ACTION AND WIND AND
CURRENT WILL PUT MORE STRESS ON THE ANCHOR WHEN IT IS ATTACHED TO THE STERN. ONLY ANCHOR THE BOAT BY THE BOW.
12.6 Controls, Steering, or Propulsion System Failure
If the propulsion, control or steering system fails while you are operating the boat, bring the
throttle to idle and shift to neutral. Decide whether you need to put out the anchor to prevent
the boat from drifting or to hold the bow into the seas. Investigate and correct the problem
if you can. Turn the engine off before opening the engine cowling to make repairs. If you are
unable to correct the problem, call for help.
12.7 Collision
If your boat is involved in a collision with another boat, dock, piling or a sandbar, your first
priority is to check your passengers for injuries and administer first aid if necessary. Once
your passengers' situations are stabilized, thoroughly inspect the boat for damage. Check below
decks for leaks and the control systems for proper operation. Plug all leaks or make the necessary
repairs to the control systems before proceeding slowly and carefully to port. Request assistance
if necessary. Haul the boat and make a thorough inspection of the hull and running gear for
damage.
12.8 Grounding, Towing and Rendering Assistance
The law requires the owner or operator of a vessel to render assistance to any individual or
vessel in distress, as long as his vessel is not endangered in the process.
If the boat should become disabled, or if another craft that is disabled requires assistance, great
care must be taken. The stress applied to a boat during towing may become excessive.
Excessive stress can damage the structure of the boat and create a safety hazard for those
aboard.
Freeing a grounded vessel, or towing a boat that is disabled, requires specialized equipment
and knowledge. Line failure and structural damage caused by improper towing have resulted
in fatal injuries. Because of this, we strongly suggest that these activities be left to those who
have the equipment and knowledge, e.g., the U.S. Coast Guard or a commercial towing
company, to safely accomplish the towing task.
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THE MOORING CLEATS ON PURSUIT BOATS ARE NOT DESIGNED OR INTENDED TO BE USED FOR TOWING PURPOSES. THESE CLEATS ARE
SPECIFICALLY DESIGNED AS MOORING CLEATS FOR SECURING THE
BOAT TO A DOCK, PIER, ETC. DO NOT USE THESE FITTINGS FOR TOWING OR ATTEMPTING TO FREE A GROUNDED VESSEL.
WHEN TOWING OPERATIONS ARE UNDERWAY, HAVE EVERYONE ABOARD
BOTH VESSELS STAY CLEAR OF THE TOW LINE AND SURROUNDING AREA. A
TOW LINE THAT SHOULD BREAK WHILE UNDER STRESS CAN BE VERY DANGEROUS, AND COULD CAUSE SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
RUNNING AGROUND CAN CAUSE SERIOUS INJURY TO PASSENGERS AND DAMAGE TO A BOAT AND ITS UNDERWATER GEAR. IF YOUR BOAT SHOULD BECOME GROUNDED, DISTRIBUTE PERSONAL FLOTATION DEVICES AND INSPECT
THE BOAT FOR POSSIBLE DAMAGE. THOROUGHLY INSPECT THE BILGE AREA
FOR SIGNS OF LEAKAGE. AN EXPERIENCED SERVICE FACILITY SHOULD
CHECK YOUR UNDERWATER GEAR AT THE FIRST OPPORTUNITY. DO NOT
CONTINUE TO USE YOUR BOAT IF THE CONDITION OF THE UNDERWATER
EQUIPMENT IS QUESTIONABLE.
12.9 Flooding or Capsizing
Boats can become unstable if they become flooded or completely swamped. You must always
be aware of the position of the boat to the seas and the amount of water in the bilge. Water
entering the boat over the transom can usually be corrected by turning the boat into the waves.
If the bilge is flooding because of a hole in the hull or a defective hose, you may be able to
plug it with rags, close the thru-hull valve or assist the pumps by bailing with buckets. Put
a mayday call in to the Coast Guard or nearby boats and distribute life jackets as soon as you
discover your boat is in trouble.
If the boat becomes swamped and capsizes, you and your passengers should stay with the boat
as long as you can. It is much easier for the Coast Guard, aircraft, or other boats to spot, than
people in the water.
12.10 Water Skiing
Your Denali could be equipped for water skiing. If you have never driven skiers before, you
should spend some hours as an observer and learning from an experienced driver. If you are
an experienced driver, you should take some time to become familiar with the boat and the way
it handles before pulling a skier. The driver should also know the skier’s ability and drive
accordingly. The following safety precautions should be observed while towing water skiers.
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•
Water ski only in safe areas, away from other boats and swimmers, out of channels, and in
water free of underwater obstructions.
•
Make sure that anyone who skis can swim. Do not allow people who cannot swim to water
ski.
•
Be sure that the skier is wearing a proper life jacket. A water skier is considered on board
the boat and a Coast Guard approved life jacket is required. It is advisable and
recommended for a skier to wear a flotation device designed to withstand the impact of
hitting the water at high speed.
•
Always carry a second person on board to observe the skier so that your full attention can
be given to the safe operation of the boat.
•
Approach a skier in the water from the downwind side and be certain to stop the motion
of the boat and your motor before coming in close proximity to the skier.
•
Give immediate attention to a fallen skier. A fallen skier is very hard to see by other boats
and is extremely vulnerable. When a skier falls, be prepared to immediately turn the boat
and return to the skier. Never leave a fallen skier alone in the water for any reason.
For additional information on water skiing, including hand signals and water skiing manuals,
contact the American Water Skiing Association in Winter Haven, Florida, 863-324-4341.
MOVING PROPELLERS ARE DANGEROUS. THEY CAN CAUSE DEATH, LOSS OF
LIMBS, OR OTHER SEVERE INJURY. DO NOT USE THE SWIM PLATFORM OR
SWIM LADDER WHILE THE ENGINE IS RUNNING. STOP THE ENGINE IF DIVERS,
SWIMMERS OR SKIERS ARE ATTEMPTING TO BOARD. ALWAYS PROPERLY
STORE THE LADDER BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE.
12.11 Fishing
Fishing can be very exciting and distracting for the operator when the action gets intense. You
must always be conscious of the fact that your primary responsibility is the safe operation of
your boat and the safety of your passengers and other boats in the area.
You must always make sure the helm is properly manned and is never left unattended while
trolling. If your boat is equipped with a tower, caution and good common sense must be
exercised whenever someone is in the tower.
If you are fishing in an area that is crowded with other fishing boats, it may be difficult to
follow the rules of the road. This situation can become especially difficult when most boats
are trolling. Being courteous and exercising good common sense is essential. Avoid trying
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to assert your right of way and concentrate on staying clear and preventing tangled or cut lines
and other unpleasant encounters with other boats. Also keep in mind that fishing line wrapped
around a propeller shaft can damage the seals in the outdrive lower unit.
12.12 Man Overboard
If someone falls overboard, you must be prepared to react quickly, particularly when you are
offshore. The following procedures will help you in recovering a person that has fallen
overboard.
•
Immediately stop the boat and sound a man overboard alarm and have all passengers point
to the person in the water.
•
Circle around quickly and throw a cushion or life jacket to the person, if possible, and
another to use as a marker.
•
Keep the person on the driver side of the boat so you can keep him in sight at all times.
•
Make sure to approach the person from the downwind side and maneuver the boat so the
propeller is well clear of the person in the water.
•
Turn off the engine when the person is alongside and use a ring buoy with a line attached,
a paddle or boat hook to assist him to the boat. Make sure you don't hit him with the ring
buoy or the boat.
•
Pull the person to the boat and assist him on board.
•
Check the person for injuries and administer first aid if necessary. If the injuries are
serious, call for help. Refer to the Safety chapter for more information on first aid and
requesting emergency medical assistance.
MOVING PROPELLERS ARE DANGEROUS. THEY CAN CAUSE DEATH, LOSS OF
LIMBS, OR OTHER SEVERE INJURY. DO NOT USE THE SWIM PLATFORM OR
SWIM LADDER WHILE THE ENGINE IS RUNNING. STOP THE ENGINE IF DIVERS
OR SWIMMERS ARE ATTEMPTING TO BOARD. ALWAYS REMOVE AND PROPERLY STORE THE LADDER BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE.
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12.13 Trash Disposal
The discharge of plastic trash or trash mixed with plastic is illegal anywhere in the marine
environment. Regional, State, and local restrictions on garbage discharges also may apply.
Responsible boaters store refuse in bags and disposed of it properly on shore. You should
make sure your passengers are aware of the local waste laws and the trash management
procedure on your boat. Refer to the placard located near the cabin breaker panel for more
specific information regarding solid waste disposal.
12.14 Trailering Your Boat
If you trailer your boat, make sure that your tow vehicle is capable of towing the weight of the
trailer, boat and equipment and the weight of the passengers and equipment inside the vehicle.
This may require that the tow vehicle be specially equipped with a larger engine, transmission,
brakes and trailer tow package.
The boat trailer is an important part of your boating package. The trailer should be matched
to your boat's weight and hull. Using a trailer with a capacity too low will be unsafe on the
road and cause abnormal wear. A trailer with a capacity too high, can damage the boat.
Contact your dealer to evaluate your towing vehicle and hitch, and to make sure you have the
correct trailer for your boat.
NOTICE
YOUR PURSUIT IS A HEAVY BOAT AND CARE MUST BE TAKEN WHEN SELECTING THE TRAILER. WE RECOMMEND THAT YOU USE A BUNK STYLE TRAILER
THAT INCORPORATES A COMBINATION OF HEAVY DUTY ROLLERS TO SUPPORT
THE KEEL AND LONG BUNKS RUNNING UNDER AND PARALLEL TO THE STRINGERS TO SUPPORT THE HULL. AVOID USING A FULL ROLLER TRAILER THAT DOES
NOT HAVE BUNKS. ROLLER TRAILERS HAVE A TENDENCY TO PUT EXTREME
PRESSURE POINTS ON THE HULL, ESPECIALLY ON THE LIFTING STRAKES, AND
HAVE DAMAGED BOATS. THE SITUATION IS WORSE DURING LAUNCHING AND
HAUL OUT. DAMAGE RESULTING FROM IMPROPER TRAILER SUPPORT OR THE
USE OF A FULL ROLLER TRAILER WILL NOT BE COVERED BY THE DENALI WARRANTY.
Note: Contact your dealer to evaluate your towing vehicle and hitch, and to make sure
you have the correct trailer for your boat.
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Choosing and Setting-up a Trailer
•
Make sure the trailer is a match for your boat’s weight and hull design. More damage can
be done to a boat by the stresses of road travel than by normal water operation. A boat hull
is designed to be supported evenly by water. So, when it is transported on a trailer it should
be supported structurally as evenly across the hull as possible allowing for even
distribution of the weight of the hull, engine and equipment.
•
Make sure the trailer bunks and rollers properly support the hull and do not put pressure on
the lifting strakes. The rollers and bunks must be kept in good condition to prevent
scratching and gouging of the hull.
•
The capacity rating of the trailer should be greater than the combined weight of the boat,
motor, fuel, and equipment. The gross vehicle weight rating must be shown on the trailer.
Make sure the weight of the boat, engine, gear and trailer is not more than the gross vehicle
weight rating.
•
Make sure the boat is securely fastened on the trailer to prevent movement between the
boat and trailer. The bow eye on the boat should be secured with a rope, chain or
turnbuckle in addition to the winch cable. Additional straps may be required across the
beam of the boat.
Note: Your dealer will give instructions on how to load, fasten and launch your boat.
BOATS HAVE BEEN DAMAGED BY TRAILERS THAT DO NOT PROPERLY SUPPORT
THE HULL. ALWAYS MAKE SURE THE TRAILER BUNKS AND ROLLERS ARE ADJUSTED SO THEY ARE NOT PUTTING EXCESSIVE PRESSURE ON THE LIFTING
STRAKES AND ARE PROVIDING ENOUGH SUPPORT FOR THE HULL. HULL DAMAGE
RESULTING FROM IMPROPER TRAILER SUPPORT IS NOT COVERED BY THE DENALI WARRANTY.
Before Going Out On The Highway
•
The BIMINI TOP, SIDE CURTAINS, CLEAR CONNECTOR, BACK DROP and AFT
CURTAIN must be removed when trailering. Canvas enclosures are not designed to
withstand the extreme wind pressure encountered while trailering and will be damaged.
Always remove and properly store the enclosure before trailering your boat.
•
Make sure the tow BALL and COUPLER are the same size and bolts nuts are tightly
secured.
•
The COUPLER MUST BE COMPLETELY OVER THE BALL and the LATCHING
MECHANISM LOCKED DOWN.
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•
Make sure the TRAILER IS LOADED EVENLY from front to rear as well as side to side
and has the correct weight on the hitch. Too much weight on the hitch will cause the rear
of the tow vehicle to drag and may make steering more difficult. Too little weight on the
hitch will cause the rig to fishtail and will make controlling the tow vehicle difficult.
Contact your Pursuit dealer or the trailer manufacturer for the correct weight on the hitch
for your trailer.
•
The SAFETY CHAINS must be attached crisscrossing under the coupler to the frame of
the tow vehicle. If the ball was to break, the trailer would follow in a straight line and
prevent the coupler from dragging on the road. Make sure the trailer emergency brake
cable or chain is also installed to the tow vehicle frame.
•
Make sure the LIGHTS on the trailer function properly.
•
CHECK THE BRAKES. On a level parking area roll forward and apply the brakes several
times at increasing speeds to determine if the brakes on the tow vehicle and trailer are
working properly.
•
Make sure the tow vehicle has SIDE VIEW MIRRORS that are large enough to provide
an unobstructed rear view on both sides of the vehicle.
•
CHECK THE TIRES and WHEEL BEARINGS.
MAKE SURE YOUR TOWING VEHICLE AND TRAILER ARE IN COMPLIANCE
WITH ALL STATE AND LOCAL LAWS. CONTACT YOUR STATE MOTOR VEHICLE BUREAU FOR LAWS GOVERNING THE TOWING OF TRAILERS.
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Chapter 13:
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
13.1 Exterior Hull and Deck
Hull Cleaning-Below The Water Line
When the boat is removed from the water, clean the outer bottom surface immediately. Algae,
grass, dirt and other marine growth is easier to remove while the hull is still wet. Use a pressure
cleaner or a hard bristle brush to clean the surface.
If the hull bottom has been painted with antifouling paint, contact your dealer for the
recommended maintenance procedures.
Bottom Painting
If the boat is to be left in saltwater for extended periods, the hull must be protected from marine
growth by antifouling paint. Because of variations in water temperature, marine growth, and
pollution in different regions, your dealer and/or a qualified boat yard in your area should be
consulted when deciding what bottom paint system to apply to your hull. This is extremely
important as pollution and marine growth can damage fiberglass hulls.
SANDING OR SANDBLASTING THE HULL BOTTOM WILL DAMAGE THE FIBERGLASS. USE ONLY STANDARD ANTIFOULING PAINTS AND FIBERGLASS WAX
REMOVERS AND PRIMERS RECOMMENDED BY THE ANTIFOULING PAINT
MANUFACTURER WHEN PREPARING THE HULL FOR BOTTOM PAINT. SANDING OR SANDBLASTING AND THE USE OF A COATING OTHER THAN STANDARD
ANTIFOULING PAINT OR EPOXY BARRIER COATINGS ARE NOT RECOMMENDED
AND WILL VOID THE FIVE YEAR HULL BLISTER WARRANTY.
Do not allow the hull antifouling paint to contact the outdrive. Most antifouling paints designed
for hull bottoms contain copper and can cause severe galvanic damage to the outdrive. Always
leave a 1/2" barrier between the hull bottom paint and outdrive.
Most bottom paints require some maintenance. Proper maintenance is especially important
when the boat is in saltwater and not used for extended periods or after dry storage. If the hull
bottom has been painted with antifouling paint, contact your dealer for the recommended
maintenance procedures.
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Sacrificial Anodes
Sacrificial anodes are installed on the outdrive units and the trim tabs. They must be
monitored if the boat is to be left in the water. Anodes should be checked monthly and changed
when they are 75% of their original size.
When replacing the anodes, make sure the contact surfaces are clean, shinny metal and free
of paint and corrosion. Never paint over the anode.
Boats stored in salt water will normally need to have the anodes replaced every 6 months to
one year. Anodes requiring replacement more frequently may indicate a stray current problem
within the boat or at the slip or marina. Anodes that do not need to be replaced after one year
may not be providing the proper protection. Loose or low quality anodes could be the problem.
Contact your dealer for the proper size and type of zinc anodes to be used and the specific
installation procedure.
Note: Some outdrives require a different anode for freshwater than for saltwater.
Using the recommended anode is more critical when stainless steel propellers are
installed. Consult your dealer or the engine manufacturer for information on the
proper anode for your outdrive and boating area.
Fiberglass Gelcoat Surfaces
Normal maintenance requires only washing with mild soap and water. A stiff brush can be
used on the nonskid areas. Kerosene or commercially prepared products will remove oil and
tar which could be a problem on trailered boats. Harsh abrasive and chemical cleaners are not
recommended because they can damage or dull the gelcoat, reducing its life and making it
more susceptible to stains. When the boat is used in saltwater, it should be washed thoroughly
with soap and water after each use.
At least once a season, wash and wax all exposed fiberglass surfaces. Use a high quality
automotive or boat wax. Follow the procedure recommended by the wax manufacturer. The
washing and waxing of your boat will have the same beneficial effects as they have on an
automobile finish. The wax will fill minute scratches and pores thus helping to prevent soiling
and will extend the life of the gelcoat.
After the boat is exposed to the direct sunlight for a period of time, the color in the gelcoat tends
to fade, dull or chalk. A heavier buffing is required to bring the gelcoat back to its original
luster. For power cleaning, use a light cleaner. To clean the boat by hand, use a heavier
automotive cleaner. Before cleaning the surfaces, read the instructions given with the cleaner.
After cleaning the surfaces, apply wax, and polish all fiberglass surfaces except the nonskid
areas.
If the fiberglass should become damaged and need repair, contact your dealer for an
authorized repair person to do the work.
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DO NOT WAX NONSKID AREAS AS THIS COULD MAKE THEM SLIPPERY AND CONSEQUENTLY INCREASE THE POSSIBILITY OF INJURY.
Stainless Steel Hardware
When using the boat in saltwater, the hardware should be washed with soap and water after
each use. When your boat is used in a corrosive environment such as saltwater, water with
a high sulfur content, or polluted water, the stainless steel will periodically develop surface
rust stains. This is perfectly normal under these conditions. The stainless can normally be
cleaned and protected by using a high quality boat or automotive wax or a commercial metal
cleaner and protectant.
UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHOULD ANY ABRASIVE MATERIALS SUCH AS
SANDPAPER, BRONZE WOOL, OR STEEL WOOL BE USED ON STAINLESS
STEEL. DAMAGE TO THE HARDWARE WILL RESULT.
Anodized Aluminum Surfaces
Anodized aluminum should be washed periodically with soap and water to keep it clean. If
the boat is used in saltwater or polluted water, the aluminum should be washed with soap and
water after each use. Saltwater allowed to remain on anodized aluminum will penetrate the
anodized coating and attack the aluminum.
Hard tops with aluminum frames, Bimini tops and towers with canvas and/or fiberglass tops
require special attention to the anodized aluminum just below the top. This area is subject to
salt build up from salty condensation and sea spray. It is also frequently overlooked when the
boat is washed and will not be rinsed by the rain. Consequently, the aluminum just below the
top is more likely to become pitted than the exposed aluminum on the structure. Make sure
the aluminum in this area is washed frequently with soap and water and rinsed thoroughly. Pay
particular attention to places where the top material and lacing contact the frame. Once a
month coat the entire frame with a metal protector made for anodized aluminum to protect
against pitting and corrosion caused by the harsh effects of salt water. The anodized aluminum
used on your Pursuit was coated with a metal protector called Aluma Guard at the factory.
Aluma Guard is a nonabrasive marine metal protector that protects anodized aluminum,
stainless steel, brass, and chrome. It also protects color anodizing from fading and discoloring
due to harmful ultraviolet rays. It is available from Rupp Marine Inc., 4761 Anchor Avenue,
P.O. Drawer F, Port Salerno, FL 34992.
ONE DRAWBACK TO ALUMA GUARD AND OTHER METAL PROTECTORS IS
THAT THEY CAN MAKE THE METAL SLIPPERY. THEREFORE, THEY SHOULD NOT
BE USED ON TOWER LADDERS, STEERING WHEELS AND OTHER AREAS WHERE A
GOOD GRIP AND SURE FOOTING IS IMPORTANT.
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Stains can be removed with a metal polish or fine polishing compound. To minimize corrosion,
use a caulking compound to bed hardware and fasteners mounted to aluminum fabrications. If
the anodized coating is badly scratched it can be touched up with paint. With proper care,
anodized aluminum will provide many years of service.
Note: You should contact Pursuit Customer Relations before making any modifications
to aluminum fabrications. Unauthorized modifications can void the warranty.
Chrome Hardware
Use a good chrome cleaner and polish on all chrome hardware.
Acrylic Plastic Glass
Acrylic plastic glass scratches easily. Never use a dry cloth or glass cleaning solutions on
acrylic glass. Use a soft cloth and mild soap and water for routine cleaning. Solvents and
products containing ammonia can permanently damage acrylic glass.
Fine scratches can be removed with a fine automotive clear coat polishing compound. A coat
of automotive or boat wax is beneficial to protect the surface. Do not use the following on
acrylic plastic glass:
Abrasive cleaners
Solvents
Glass cleaners
Acetone
Alcohol
Cleaners containing ammonia
13.2 Upholstery, Canvas and Enclosures
Vinyl Upholstery
The vinyl upholstery used on the exterior seats and bolsters, and for the headliner in some
cabins, should be cleaned periodically with mild soap and water. Any stain, spill or soiling
should be cleaned up promptly to prevent the possibility of permanent staining. When
cleaning, always rub gently. Avoid using products containing ammonia, powdered abrasive
cleaners, steel wool, ink, strong solvents, acetone and lacquer solvents or other harsh
chemicals as they can cause permanent damage or shorten the life of vinyl. Never use steam
heat, heat guns or hair dryers on vinyl.
Stronger cleaners, detergents and solvents may be effective in stain removal, but can cause
either immediate damage or slow deterioration. Lotions, sun tan oil, waxes and polishes, etc.,
contain oils and dyes that can cause stiffening and staining of vinyls.
•
•
•
•
102
Dry soil, dust and dirt - Remove with a soft cloth.
Dried on dirt - Wash with a soft cloth dampened with water.
Variations in surface gloss - Wipe with a water dampened soft cloth and allow to air dry.
Stubborn dirt - Wash with a soft cloth dampened with Ivory Flakes® and water. Rinse with
clean water.
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•
•
•
Stubborn spots and stains - Spray with either Fantastik Cleaner® or Tannery Car Care
Cleaner® and rub with a soft cloth. Rinse with clean water.
Liquid spills - Wipe immediately with a clean absorbent cloth. Rinse with clean water.
Food grease and oily stains - Spray immediately using either Fantastik Cleaner® or
Tannery Car Care Cleaner®, wiping with a soft cloth. Take care not to extend the area of
contamination beyond its original boundary. Rinse with clean water.
Acrylic Canvas
Acrylic canvas should be cleaned periodically by using a mild soap and water. Scrub lightly
and rinse thoroughly to remove the soap. Do not use detergents. The top or accessories should
never be folded or stored wet.
After several years, the acrylic canvas may lose some of its ability to shed water. If this occurs,
wash the fabric and treat it with a commercially available water proofing designed for this
purpose.
Notice:
Some leakage at the seams is normal and unavoidable with acrylic
enclosures.
Side curtains and clear connectors can be cleaned with mild soap and water. They should not
be allowed to become badly soiled. Dirt, oil, mildew, and cleaning agents containing
ammonia, will shorten the life of the vinyl that is used for clear curtains. After cleaning the
curtains and allowing them to dry, apply a non-lemon furniture polish or an acrylic glass and
clear plastic protector to extend the life of the curtains.
Vinyl curtains should be stored either rolled or flat, without folds or creases. Folding the
curtains will make permanent creases that could cause the vinyl to crack.
DO NOT USE ANY POLISH CONTAINING LEMON SCENTS OR LEMON. THE
LEMON JUICE WILL ATTACK THE VINYL AND SHORTEN ITS LIFE.
NOTICE
Snaps should be lubricated periodically with petroleum jelly or silicone grease. Zippers
should be lubricated with silicone spray or paraffin.
The bimini top, side curtains, clear connector, back drop and aft curtain must be removed
when trailering. Canvas enclosures are not designed to withstand the extreme wind pressure
encountered while trailering and will be damaged. Always remove and properly store the
enclosure before trailering your boat.
Do not operate engines, fuel consuming heaters or burners with the canvas enclosures closed.
The cockpit must be open for legal ventilation and to prevent the possible accumulation of
carbon monoxide fumes, which could be lethal.
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CARBON MONOXIDE IS A LETHAL, TOXIC GAS THAT IS COLORLESS AND ODORLESS. IT IS A DANGEROUS GAS THAT WILL CAUSE DEATH IN CERTAIN LEVELS.
13.3 Cabin Interior
The cabin interior can be cleaned just like you would clean a home interior. To preserve the
teak woodwork, use teak oil. To maintain the carpeting, use a vacuum cleaner. Because air
and sunlight are very good cleansers, periodically put cushions, sleeping bags, etc. on deck,
in the sun and fresh air, to dry and air out. If cushions or equipment get wet with saltwater,
remove and use clean, fresh water to rinse off the salt crystals. Salt retains moisture and will
cause damage. Dry thoroughly and reinstall.
Vinyl headliner material should be cleaned periodically as explained in the previous section.
Avoid using products containing ammonia, bleach, or harsh chemicals as they can shorten the
life of vinyl.
If you leave the boat for a long period of time, put all cushions on their sides, open all interior
cabin and locker doors, and hang a commercially available mildew protector in the cabin.
ALWAYS READ THE LABEL CAREFULLY ON MILDEW PROTECTORS. REMOVE
THE PROTECTOR AND ALLOW THE CABIN TO VENTILATE COMPLETELY BEFORE USING THE CABIN.
13.4 Bilge and Engine Compartment
To keep the bilge clean and fresh, use a commercial bilge cleaner regularly. Follow the
directions carefully. The engine and engine compartment should be kept clean and free of oil
accumulation and debris. All exposed pumps and metal components, including the engine and
drive gear, should be sprayed periodically with a protector to reduce the corrosive effects of
the high humidity always present in these areas.
Maintenance intervals are outlined in the engine owner’s manuals. Their recommendations
should be followed exactly.
Periodically check the bilge pumps for proper operation and clean debris from the strainers
and float switches. Inspect all hoses, clamps and thru hulls for leaks and tightness on a regular
basis and operate all thru-hull valves at least once a month to keep them operating properly.
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A flow of air into the bilge is provided by vents located in the hull. Periodic inspection and
cleaning of the ventilation ducts is necessary to ensure adequate air circulation.
Engine
Proper engine maintenance is essential to the proper performance and reliability of your
sterndrive engine. Maintenance schedules and procedures are outlined in your engine
owner’s manual. They should be followed exactly.
The age of gasoline can affect engine performance. Chemical changes occur as the gasoline
ages that can cause deposits and varnish in the fuel system as well as reduce the octane rating
of the fuel. Severely degraded fuel can damage the engine and boat fuel tank and lines.
Therefore, if your boat is not being run enough to require at least one full tank of fresh fuel a
month, a fuel stabilizer should be added to the gasoline to protect the fuel from degradation.
Your dealer or the engine manufacturer can provide additional information on fuel degradation
and fuel stabilizers recommended for your engine.
Avoid using fuels with alcohol additives. Gasoline that is an alcohol blend will absorb
moisture from the air which can reach such concentrations that "phase separation" can occur
whereby the water and alcohol mixture becomes heavy enough to settle out of the gasoline to
the bottom of the tank. Since the fuel pick up tube is very near the bottom of the tank, phase
separation can cause the engine to run very poorly or not at all. This condition is more severe
with methyl alcohol and will worsen as the alcohol content increases. Water or a jelly like
substance in the fuel filters is an indication of possible phase separation from the use of alcohol
blended fuels.
If the engine is raw water cooled and used in saltwater, flush the cooling system after each
daily use. To flush the system when the boat is out of the water, follow the procedure outlined
in your engine owner’s manual.
13.5 Drainage System
It is essential that the following items be done periodically to maintain proper drainage of your
boat:
•
Clean the cockpit drains with a hose to remove debris that can block water drainage.
•
Clean the radar arch leg drain holes. This is especially important just before winter lay-up.
•
Frequently test the automatic bilge switch for proper operation. This is accomplished by
manually activating the float switch and lifting the float until the pump is activated. You can
also use a garden hose to flood the bilge until the water level is high enough to activate the pump.
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•
Flush all gravity drains with freshwater to keep them clean and free flowing.
•
Operate the thru-hull valves once a month and service as required.
Note:
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All drains and pumps must be properly winterized before winter lay-up.
2665 DENALI
Chapter 14:
SEASONAL MAINTENANCE
14.1 Storage and Lay-up
Before Hauling
• The fuel tanks should be left nearly full to reduce condensation that can accumulate in the
fuel tanks. Allow enough room in the tank for the fuel to expand without leaking out the vent.
Moisture from condensation in the fuel tank can reach such concentrations that it becomes
heavy enough to settle out of the gasoline to the bottom of the tank. Since fuel pickup tubes
are located near the bottom of the tank, this accumulated moisture can cause the engine to
run poorly or not at all after extended storage.
Chemical changes also occur as the gasoline ages that can cause deposits and varnish in the
fuel system as well as reduce the octane rating of the fuel. Severely degraded fuel can damage
the engine and boat fuel tank and lines.
Therefore, if your boat is not being run enough to require at least one full tank of fresh fuel
a month or during winter storage, a fuel stabilizer should be added to the gasoline to help
protect the fuel system from these problems. Operate the boat for at least 15 minutes after
adding the stabilizer to allow the treated fuel to reach the engine.
Your dealer or the engine manufacturer can provide additional information on fuel degradation
and fuel stabilizers recommended for your engine. For more recommendations for your
specific area, check with your local Pursuit dealer.
•
Drain water from the freshwater system.
•
Consult the engine owner’s manual for detailed information on preparing the engines
for storage.
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Lifting
It is essential that care be used when lifting your boat. Make sure the spreader bar at each sling is
at least as long as the distance across the widest point of the boat that the sling will surround. Put
the slings in position. The positions are marked with samll labels on each side of the boat.
Elevating lifts are commonly used to store boats for extended periods. To provide proper support,
the bunks that support the hull should be aligned with and run parallel to the hull stringers. The bow
and stern eyes (if so equipped) should not be used as sole support for storage.
NOTICE
NOTICE
BOATS CAN BE DAMAGED FROM IMPROPER LIFTING AND ROUGH HANDLING
WHEN BEING TRANSPORTED BY LIFT TRUCKS. CARE AND PROPER HANDLING
PROCEDURES MUST BE USED WHEN USING A LIFT TRUCK TO MOVE THE BOAT.
NEVER ATTEMPT TO LIFT THE BOAT WITH A SUBSTANTIAL AMOUNT OF WATER
IN THE BILGE.
SEVERE GELCOAT CRACKING OR MORE SERIOUS HULL DAMAGE CAN OCCUR
DURING HAULING AND LAUNCHING IF PRESSURE IS CREATED ON THE GUNWALES (SHEER) BY THE SLINGS. FLAT, WIDE SLINGS AND SPREADERS LONG
ENOUGH TO KEEP PRESSURE FROM THE GUNWALES IS ESSENTIAL. DO NOT ALLOW ANYONE TO HAUL YOUR BOAT WHEN THE SPREADERS ON THE LIFT ARE
NOT WIDE ENOUGH TO TAKE THE PRESSURE OFF THE GUNWALES.
Supporting The Boat For Storage
A trailer, elevating lift or a well-made cradle is the best support for your boat during storage.
When storing the boat on a trailer for a long period:
•
Make sure the rollers and pads properly support the hull of the boat and do not put pressure on
the hull lifting strakes.
•
Make sure the trailer is on a level surface and the bow is high enough so that water will drain
from the bilge.
•
Make sure the engines are in the down position.
•
Check the tires once each season. Add enough air for the correct amount of inflation for the
tires.
Note: Read the owner’s manual for the trailer for the correct amount of inflation for the
tires.
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When storing the boat on a lift or cradle:
•
The cradle must be specifically for boat storage.
•
Make sure the lift or cradle is well supported with the bow high enough to provide proper
drainage of the bilge.
•
Make sure the engines are in the down position.
•
The cradle or lift must be in the proper fore and aft position to properly support the hull. When
the cradle is in the correct location, the bunks should match the bottom of the hull and should
not be putting pressure on the lifting strakes.
NOTICE
BOATS HAVE BEEN DAMAGED BY TRAILERS, LIFTS AND CRADLES THAT DON’T
PROPERLY SUPPORT THE HULL. ALWAYS MAKE SURE THE BUNKS AND ROLLERS
ARE ADJUSTED SO THEY ARE NOT PUTTING PRESSURE ON THE LIFTING STRAKES
AND ARE PROVIDING ENOUGH SUPPORT FOR THE HULL. HULL DAMAGE RESULTING FROM IMPROPER CRADLE OR TRAILER SUPPORT IS NOT COVERED BY THE
DENALI WARRANTY.
Preparing The Boat For Storage
• Pump out the head. Flush the holding tank using clean soap, water and a deodorizer. Pump
out the cleaning solution.
•
If your boat is equipped with a portable marine head with a pump out, it must be pumped prior
to lay-up. Flush the holding tank using clean soap, water and a deodorizer. Pump out the
cleaning solution.
•
Remove the bilge drain plug, if installed.
•
Thoroughly wash the fiberglass exterior, especially the antifouling portion of the bottom.
Remove as much marine growth as possible. Lightly wax the exterior fiberglass components.
•
Remove all oxidation from the exterior hardware, and apply a light film of moisturedisplacing lubricant.
•
Remove the propeller(s) and grease the propeller shaft(s) using light waterproof grease.
•
Remove the batteries and store in a cool place. Clean using clear, clean water. Be sure the
batteries have sufficient water and clean terminals. Keep the batteries charged and safe from
freezing throughout the storage period.
•
Refer to the Electrical System chapter for information on the maintenance of the D.C.
electrical systems.
2665 DENALI
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•
Coat all faucets and exposed electrical components in the cockpit with a protecting oil.
•
Clean out, totally drain and completely dry the fishboxes and livewells.
•
Clean the exterior upholstery with a good vinyl cleaner and dry thoroughly.
•
Remove as many cushions and open as many locker doors as possible. Leaving as many of
these areas open as possible will improve the boat’s ventilation during the storage period.
14.2 Winterizing
Freshwater System
The entire freshwater system must be completely drained. Disconnect all hoses, check valves,
etc. and blow all the water from the system. Make sure the freshwater tank is completely drained.
Use only very low air pressure when doing this to prevent possible system damage. Because of
the check valve mechanism built in the pump, blowing the lines will not remove the water from
the freshwater pump. Remove the inlet and outlet hoses on the pump. Turn the pump on and
allow it to pump out any remaining water....about a cupful. A recommended alternative to the
above-mentioned procedure is the use of commercially available non-toxic, freshwater system
antifreeze. After draining the potable water tank and lines, pour the antifreeze mixture into the
freshwater tank, prime and operate the pump until the mixture flows from all freshwater faucets.
Be sure to open all water faucets, including the freshwater spray head in the stern bait station sink.
Make sure antifreeze has flowed through all of the freshwater drains. For additional information
on the freshwater system refer to the Freshwater System chapter.
Raw Water System
Completely drain the raw water systems. Disconnect all hoses and blow the water from the
system. Use only very low air pressure when doing this to prevent possible system damage.
Because of the check valve mechanism built in the raw water washdown and livewell pumps,
blowing the lines will not remove the water from that raw water pump. Remove the inlet and
outlet hoses on the pumps. Turn each pump on and allow it to pump out any remaining
water....about a cupful. A recommended alternative to the above-mentioned procedure is the use
of commercially available non-toxic, potable water system antifreeze. If potable water antifreeze
is used, pour the mixture into a pail and put the raw water intake lines into the solution. Run the
pumps one at a time until the antifreeze solution is visible at all raw water faucets and discharge
fittings and drains. Be sure antifreeze has flowed through all of the raw water drains.
Marine Toilet
The marine toilet must be properly winterized by following the manufacturer’s winterizing
instructions in the marine toilet owner’s manual. Drain the intake and discharge hoses
completely using low air pressure if necessary. The head holding tank and macerator discharge
pump must be pumped dry and one gallon of potable water antifreeze poured into the tank through
the deck waste pump out fitting. After the antifreeze has been added to the holding tank, open
the overboard discharge valve and activate the macerator pump until the antifreeze solution is
visible at the discharge thru-hull.
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Note: Make sure you follow the marine toilet manufacturer's winterizing instructions
exactly.
Bilge
Coat all metal components, wire busses, and connector plugs in the bilge with a protecting oil. It
is also important to protect all pumps, seacocks and steering components.
The bilge pump and bilge pump lines must be completely free of water and dried out when the boat
is laid-up for the winter in climates where freezing occurs. Compartments in the bilge that will not
drain completely should be pumped out and then sponged until completely free of water.
Dry the hull bilge and self-bailing cockpit troughs. Water freezing in these areas could cause
damage.
Bimini Top, Radar Arch and Hardtop
It is imperative that all drain holes in the legs are open and completely free of water. Remove
the canvas and thoroughly clean and store in a safe, dry place. Coat all wire connectors and bus
bars in the helm compartment with a protecting oil.
ALWAYS MAKE SURE THE LEG DRAIN HOLES ARE CLEAR WHEN THE BOAT IS
LAID UP FOR THE WINTER. WATER TRAPPED INSIDE THE HARDTOP OR RADAR
ARCH LEGS COULD FREEZE AND CAUSE THE LEGS TO SPLIT.
Special Notes Prior To Winter Storage
If the boat will be in outside storage, properly support a storage cover and secure it over the boat.
It is best to have a frame built over the boat to support the canvas. It should be a few inches wider
than the boat so the canvas will clear the rails and allow passage of air. If this cover is fastened too
tightly there will be inadequate ventilation and this can lead to mildew, moisture accumulation, etc.
It is essential to fasten the canvas down securely so that the winds cannot remove it or cause chafing
of the hull superstructure. Do not store the boat in a damp storage enclosure. Excessive dampness
can cause electrical problems, corrosion, and excessive mildew.
Whenever possible, do not use the bimini top or convertible top canvas in place of the winter storage
cover. The life of these canvases may be significantly shortened if exposed to harsh weather
elements for long periods.
PLACING AN ELECTRIC OR FUEL BURNING HEATING UNIT IN THE BOAT CAN BE
POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS AND IS NOT RECOMMENDED.
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Proper storage is very important to prevent serious damage to the boat. If the boat is to be stored
indoors, make sure the building has enough ventilation. It is very important that there is enough
ventilation both inside the boat and around the boat.
14.3 Recommissioning
DO NOT OPERATE THE BOAT UNLESS IT IS COMPLETELY ASSEMBLED. KEEP
ALL FASTENERS TIGHT. KEEP ADJUSTMENTS ACCORDING TO SPECIFICATIONS.
Note: It is important and recommended that the fitting out procedure for the marine
gear be done by a qualified service person. Read the engine owner’s manual for
the recommended procedure.
BEFORE LAUNCHING THE BOAT, MAKE SURE THE DRAIN PLUG IS INSTALLED.
Reactivating The Boat After Storage
•
Charge and install the batteries.
•
Install the drain plug in the hull.
•
Check the engine for damage and follow the manufacturer’s instructions for recommissioning.
•
Check the engine mounting bolts to make sure they are tight.
•
Perform all routine maintenance.
•
Check all hose clamps for tightness.
•
Pump the antifreeze from the fresh and raw water systems and flush several times with
freshwater. Make sure all antifreeze is flushed from the water heater and it is filled with
freshwater before it is activated.
•
Check and lubricate the steering and control systems.
•
Clean and wash the boat.
•
Install all upholstery, cushions and canvas.
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After Launching
•
Carefully check all water systems and the engine hoses for leaks. Operate each system one
at a time checking for leaks and proper operation.
•
Check the bilge pump manual and automatic switches.
•
Check the engine for proper alignment.
•
Prime the fuel system and start the engine.
•
Carefully monitor the gauges and check for leakage and abnormal noises.
•
Operate the boat at slow speeds until the engine temperature stabilizes and all systems are
operating normally.
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INTENTIONALLY
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Appendix A:
SCHEMATICS
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INTENTIONALLY
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Appendix B:
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
Aft: In, near, or toward the stern of a boat.
Aground: A boat stuck on the bottom.
Amidships: In or toward the part of a boat midway between the bow and stern.
Anchor: A specially shaped heavy metal device designed to dig efficiently into the bottom under
a body of water and hold a boat in place.
Anchorage: An area specifically designated by governmental authorities in which boats may
anchor.
Ashore: On shore.
Astern: Behind the boat, to move backwards.
Athwartship: At right angles to the center line of the boat.
Barnacles:
Small, hard-shelled marine animals which are found in salt water attached to
pilings, docks and bottoms of boats.
Beam: The breadth of a boat usually measured at its widest part.
Bearing: The direction of an object from the boat, either relative to the boat's direction or to
compass degrees.
Berth: A bunk or a bed on a boat.
Bilge: The bottom of the boat below the flooring.
Bilge Pump: A pump that removes water that collects in the bilge.
Boarding: Entering or climbing into a boat.
Boarding Ladder: Set of steps temporarily fitted over the side of a boat to assist persons coming
aboard.
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Boat Hook: Short shaft of wood or metal with a hook fitting at one end shaped to aid in extending
one’s reach from the side of the boat.
Bow: The front end of a boat's hull.
Bow Line: A line that leads forward from the bow of the boat.
Bow Rail: Knee high rails of solid tubing to aid in preventing people from falling overboard.
Bridge: The area from which a boat is steered and controlled.
Bridge Deck: A Deck forward and usually above the cockpit deck.
Broach: When the boat is sideways to the seas and in danger of capsizing, a very dangerous
situation that should be avoided.
Bulkhead: Vertical partition or wall separating compartments of a boat.
Cabin: Enclosed superstructure above the main deck level.
Capsize: When a boat lays on its side or turns over.
Chock: A deck fitting, usually of metal, with inward curving arms through which mooring or
anchor lines are passed so as to lead them in the proper direction both on board and off the boat.
Cleat: A deck fitting, usually of metal with projecting arms used for securing anchor and
mooring lines.
Closed Cooling System: A separate supply of freshwater that is used to cool the engine and
circulates only within the engine.
Coaming: A vertical piece around the edges of cockpit, hatches, etc. to stop water on deck from
running below.
Cockpit: An open space, usually in the aft deck, outside of the cabin.
Companionway: Opening in the deck of a boat to provide access below.
Compartment: The interior of a boat divided off by bulkheads.
Cradle: A framework designed to support a boat as she is hauled out or stored.
Cutlass Bearing: A rubber bearing in the strut that supports the propeller shaft.
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Deck: The floor-like platform of a boat that covers the hull.
Displacement: The volume of water displaced by the hull. The displacement weight is the
weight of this volume of water.
Draft: The depth of water a boat needs to float.
Dry Rot: A fungus attack on wood areas.
Dry-dock: A dock that can be pumped dry during boat construction or repair.
Electrical Ground: A connection between an electrical connector and the earth.
Engine Beds: Sturdy structural members running fore and aft on which the inboard engines are
mounted.
EPIRB: Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon. Operates as a part of a worldwide
satellite distress system.
Even Keel: When a boat floats properly as designed.
Fathom: A measure of depth. One Fathom = 6 feet.
Fender: A soft object of rubber or plastic used to protect the topsides from scarring and rubbing
against a dock or another vessel.
Fend off: To push or hold the boat off from the dock or another boat.
Flying Bridge: A control station above the level of the deck or cabin.
Flukes: The broad portions of an anchor which dig into the ground.
Fore: Applies to the forward portions of a boat near the bow.
Foundering: When a boat fills with water and sinks.
Freeboard: The height from the waterline to the lowest part of the deck.
Galley: The kitchen of a boat.
Grab Rail: Hand-hold fittings mounted on cabin tops or sides for personal safety when moving
around the boat, both on deck and below.
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Ground Tackle: A general term including anchors, lines, and other gear used in anchoring.
Grounds: A boat touches the bottom.
Gunwale: The upper edge of a boat’s side.
Hand Rail:
Rail mounted on the boat, for grabbing with your hand, to steady you while
walking about the boat.
Harbor: An anchorage which provides reasonably good protection for a boat, with shelter from
wind and sea.
Hatch: An opening in the deck with a door or lid to allow for access down into a compartment
of a boat.
Head: A toilet on a boat.
Heat Exchanger: Used to transfer the heat that is picked up by the closed cooling system to the
raw cooling water.
Helm: The steering and control area of a boat.
Hull: The part of the boat from the deck down.
Inboard: A boat with the engine mounted within the hull of the boat. Also refers to the center
of the boat away from the sides.
Inboard/outboard: Also stern drive or I/O. A boat with an inboard engine attached to an
outboard drive unit.
Keel: A plate or timber plate running lengthwise along the center of the bottom of a boat.
Knot: Unit of speed indicating nautical miles per hour. 1 knot = 1 nautical mile per hour (1.15
miles per hour). A nautical mile is equal to one minute of latitude: 6076 feet. Knots times 1.15
equals miles per hour. Miles per hour times .87 equals knots.
Lay-up: To decommission a boat for the winter (usually in northern climates).
Leeward: The direction toward which the wind is blowing.
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Length On The Waterline (l.w.l.): A length measurement of a boat at the waterline from the
stern to where the hull breaks the water near the bow.
Limber Hole: A passage cut into the lower edges of floors and frames next to the keel to allow
bilge water to flow to the lowest point of the hull where it can be pumped overboard.
Line: The term used to describe a rope when it is on a boat.
Lists: A boat that inclines to port or starboard while afloat.
L.O.A.: Boat length overall.
Locker: A closet, chest or box aboard a boat.
Loran: An electronic navigational instrument which monitors the boat's position using signals
emitted from pairs of transmitting stations.
Lunch hook: A small light weight anchor typically used instead of the working anchor.
Normally used in calm waters with the boat attended.
Midships: The center of the boat.
Marina: A protected facility primarily for recreational small craft.
Marine Ways or Railways: Inclined planes at the water’s edge onto which boats are hauled.
Moored: A boat secured with cables, lines or anchors.
Mooring: An anchor permanently embedded in the bottom of a harbor that is used to secure a
boat.
Nautical Mile: A unit of measure equal to one minute of latitude. (6076 feet)
Nun buoy: A red or red-striped buoy of conical shape.
Outboard:
A boat designed for an engine to be mounted on the transom. Also a term that
refers to objects away from the center line or beyond the hull sides of a boat.
Pad Eye: A deck fitting consisting of a metal eye permanently secured to the boat.
Pier: A structure which projects out from the shoreline.
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Piles or Piling: A long column driven into the bottom to which a boat can be tied.
Pitching: The fore and aft rocking motion of a boat as the bow rises and falls.
Pitch: The measure of the angle of a propeller blade. Refers to the theoretical distance the boat
travels with each revolution of the propeller.
P.F.D: Personal Flotation Device.
Port: The left side of the boat when facing the bow.
Porthole (port): The opening in the side of a boat to allow the admittance of light and air.
Propeller: A device having two or more blades that is attached to the engine and used for
propelling a boat.
Propeller Shaft: Shaft which runs from the back of the engine gear box, aft, through the stuffing
box, shaft log, struts, and onto which the propeller is attached.
Pyrotechnic Distress Signals: Distress signals that resemble the brilliant display of flares or
fireworks.
Raw Water Cooled: Refers to an engine cooling system that draws sea water in through a hull
fitting or engine drive unit, circulates the water in the engine, and then discharges it overboard.
Reduction Gear: Often combined with the reverse gear so that the propeller turns at a slower
rate than the engine.
Reverse Gear: Changes the direction of rotation of the propeller to provide thrust in the opposite
direction for stopping the boat or giving it sternway.
Roll: A boat’s sideways rotational motion in rough water.
Rope Locker: A locker, usually located in the bow of a boat, used for stowing the anchor line
or chain.
Rubrail: Railing (often rubber or hard plastic) that runs along the boat’s sheer to protect the hull
when coming alongside docks, piers, or other boats.
Rudder: A moveable flat surface that is attached vertically at or near the stern for steering.
Sea anchor: An anchor that does not touch the bottom. Provides drag to hold the bow in the
most favorable position in heavy seas.
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Scupper: An opening in the hull side or transom of the boat through which water on deck or in
the cockpit is drained overboard.
Seacock: Safety valves installed just inside the thru-hull fittings and ahead of the piping or hose
running from the fittings.
Shaft Log: Pipe through which the propeller shaft passes.
Sheer: The uppermost edge of the hull.
Sling: A strap which will hold the boat securely while being lifted, lowered, or carried.
Slip: A boat's berth between two pilings or piers.
Sole: The deck of a cockpit or interior cabin.
Spring Line: A line that leads from the bow aft or from the stern forward to prevent the boat
from moving ahead or astern.
Starboard: The right side of a boat when facing the bow.
Steerageway: Sufficient speed to keep the boat responding to the rudder or drive unit.
Stem: The vertical portion of the hull at the bow.
Stern: The rear end of a boat.
Stow: To pack away neatly.
Stringer: Longitudinal members fastened inside the hull for additional structural strength.
Strut: Mounted to the hull which supports the propeller shaft in place.
Strut Bearing: See “cutlass bearing.”
Stuffing Box: Prevents water from entering at the point where the propeller shaft passes through
the shaft log.
Superstructure: Something built above the main deck level.
Swamps: When a boat fills with water from over the side.
Swimming Ladder: Much the same as the boarding ladder except that it extends down into the
water.
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Taffrail: Rail around the rear of the cockpit.
Thru-hull: A fitting used to pass fluids (usually water) through the hull surface, either above
or below the waterline.
Topsides: The side skin of a boat between the waterline or chine and deck.
Transom: A flat stern at right angles to the keel.
Travel Lift: A machine used at boat yards to hoist boats out of and back into the water.
Trim: Refers to the boat's angle or the way it is balanced.
Trough: The area of water between the crests of waves and parallel to them.
Twin-Screw Craft: A boat with two propellers on two separate shafts.
Underway: When a boat moves through the water.
Wake: Disrupted water that a boat leaves astern as a result of its motion.
Wash: The flow of water that results from the action of the propeller or propellers.
Waterline: The plane of a boat where the surface of the water touches the hull when it is afloat
on even keel.
Watertight Bulkhead: Bulkheads secured so tightly so as not to let water pass.
Wharf: A structure generally parallel to the shore.
Working Anchor: An anchor carried on a boat for most normal uses. Refers to the anchor used
in typical anchoring situations.
Windlass: A winch used to raise and lower the anchor.
Windward: Toward the direction from which the wind is coming.
Yacht Basin: A protected facility primarily for recreational small craft.
Yaw: When a boat runs off her course to either side.
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Appendix C:
Maintenance Schedule and Log
Ea
MAINTENANC E
ch
W
U
se
ee
M
kl
y
on
Ea
ch
th
ly
Y
Se
as
on
A
ea
rly
s
N
ee
de
d
X
Clean hull below the waterline
Bottom paint hull
X
X
X
X
X
Check sacrificial anodes
Replace sacrificial anodes
X
Wash boat canvas & hardware
X
X
Wax exterior gelcoat
X
X
Clean & protect hardware
X
Polish & protect plastic glass
X
X
Clean exterior upholstery
X
X
Clean cabin & interior upholstery
X
Flush engine with fresh water
Spray metal components in bilge with a
protector
X
X
Clean bilge
X
Check bilge for leaks
X
X
Inspect & operate thru-hull valves
Inspect steering & control systems
X
X
X
Service steering & control systems
X
Inspect fuel system for leaks
X
Inspect & service fuel system
Inspect fuel tank vents & screens
X
Replace fuel filters
X
Lubricate fuel fill O-rings
X
Inspect fire extinguisher
X
Test bilge pump auto switches
X
Inspect & protect electrical components,
wire & battery connections
X
Check battery electrolyte & service
Test and inspect AC electrical system &
shore power cord
X
Inspect water systems for leaks
X
Check neutral safety switch
X
X
Check trim tab fluid level
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MAINTENANCE LOG
Date
Hours
126
Dealer
Service/Repairs
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MAINTENANCE LOG
Date
Hours
Dealer
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Service/Repairs
127
MAINTENANCE LOG
Date
Hours
128
Dealer
Service/Repairs
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MAINTENANCE LOG
Date
Hours
Dealer
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Service/Repairs
129
MAINTENANCE LOG
Date
Hours
130
Dealer
Service/Repairs
2665 DENALI
Appendix D:
DEPARTMENT OF
TRANSPORTATION
U.S. COAST GUARD
C.G. 1865 (REV. 1/88)
BOATING ACCIDENT REPORT
FORM APPROVED
OMB NO.211-0010
The operator/owner of a vessel used for recreational purposes is required to file a report in writing whenever an accident results in: loss of life or disappearance from a
vessel, or an injury which requires medical treatment beyond first aid: or property damage in excess of $200 or complete loss of the vessel. Reports in death and injury cases
must be submitted within 48 hours. Reports in other cases must be submitted within 10 days. Reports must be submitted to reporting authority in the state where the
accident occurred. This form is provided to assist the operator in filing the required written report.
COMPLETE ALL BLOCKS (indicate those not applicable by “NA”)
AGE OF OPERATOR
NAME AND ADDRESS OF OPERATOR
OPERATOR’S EXPERIENCE
This type of boat
Other boat operating Exp.
[ ] Under 20 Hours
[ ] Under 20 Hours
[ ] 20 to 100 Hours
[ ] 20 to 100 Hours
[ ] 100 to 500 Hours
[ ] 100 to 500 Hours
[ ] Over 500 Hours
[ ] Over 500 Hours
DATE OF BIRTH
OPERATOR TELEPHONE NUMBER
OWNER TELEPHONE NO.
NAME AND ADDRESS OF OWNER
RENTED BOAT
[ ] YES
[ ] NO
NUMBER OF
PERSONS ON
BOARD
VESSEL NO.
(this vessel)
FORMAL INSTRUCTION IN BOATING SAFETY
[ ] None [ ] State [ ] U.S. Power Squadrons
[ ] USCG Auxiliary
[ ] American Red Cross
[ ] Other (Specify)
BOAT REGISTER. NO.
BOAT NAME
BOAT MAKE
BOAT MODEL
MFR HULL IDENTIFICATION NO.
TYPE OF BOAT
[ ] Open Motorboat
[ ] Cabin Motorboat
[ ] Auxiliary Sail
[ ] Sail (only)
[ ] Rowboat
[ ] Canoe
[ ] Other (Specify)
HULL MATERIAL
[ ] Wood
[ ] Aluminum
[ ] Steel
[ ] Fiberglass
[ ] Rubber/vinyl
[ ] Other (Specify)
ENGINE
[ ] Outboard
[ ] Inboard gasoline
[ ] Inboard diesel
[ ] Inboard-outdrive
[ ] Jet
[ ] Other (Specify)
PROPULSION
No. of engines
Horse Power (total)
Type of fuel
CONSTRUCTION
Length
Year built (boat)
Has boat had a Safety Examination? [ ] Outboard [ ] NO
For current year?
[ ] YES [ ] NO
Year
Indicate whether
[ ] USCG Auxiliary Courtesy Marine Exam
[ ] State/local examination [ ] Other
ACCIDENT DATA
TIME
am
NAME OF BODY OF WATER
pm
NEAREST CITY OR TOWN
DATE OF ACCIDENT
STATE
WEATHER
[ ] Clear
[ ] Cloudy
[ ] Fog
[ ] Rain
[ ] Snow
[ ] Hazy
WATER CONDITIONS
[ ] Calm (waves less than 6")
[ ] Choppy (waves 6" to 2')
[ ] Rough (greater than 6')
[ ] Strong Current
OPERATION AT TIME OF ACCIDENT
(Check all applicable)
[ ] Commercial Activity
[ ] Drifting
[ ] Cruising
[ ] At Anchor
[ ] Maneuvering
[ ] Tied to Dock
[ ] Approaching Dock
[ ] Fueling
[ ] Leaving Dock
[ ] Fishing
[ ] Water Skiing
[ ] Hunting
[ ] Racing
[ ] Skin Diving/
[ ] Towing
Swimming
[ ] Other (Specify)
[ ] Being Towed
Air
Water
TYPE OF ACCIDENT
(Check all applicable)
[ ] Grounding
[ ] Capsizing
[ ] Flooding
[ ] Sinking
[ ] Fire or explosion (fuel)
[ ] Fire or explosion
(Other than fuel)
[ ] Fallen Skier
[ ] Collision with Vessel
F°
F°
[ ] Collision with
Fixed Object
[ ] Collision with
Floating Object
[ ] Falls Overboard
[ ] Falls in boat
[ ] Hit by Boat or
Propeller
[ ] Other (Specify)
Was the vessel carrying NON approved
flotation devices?
[ ] Yes [ ] No
Were they accessible? [ ] Yes [ ] No
Were they used?
[ ] Yes [ ] No
If Yes, indicate kind.
Lat
Long
COUNTY
TEMPERATURE
(Estimate)
PERSONAL FLOTATION DEVICES (PFDS)
Was the boat adequately equipped with
COAST GUARD APPROVED FLOTATION
DEVICES?
[ ] Yes [ ] No
Were they accessible?
[ ] Yes [ ] No
Were they serviceable?
[ ] Yes [ ] No
Were they used by survivors? [ ] Yes [ ] No
What type? [ ] I, [ ] II, [ ] III, [ ] IV, [ ] V
Were PFD’s properly used?
[ ] Yes [ ] No
Adjusted
[ ] Yes [ ] No
Sized
[ ] Yes [ ] No
LOCATION (Give location precisely)
WIND
[ ] None
[ ] Light (0 - 6mph)
[ ] Moderate (7 - 14 mph)
[ ] Strong (15 - 25 mph)
[ ] Storm (Over 25 mph)
VISIBILITY
DAY
NIGHT
[ ] Good [ ]
[ ] Fair [ ]
[ ] Poor [ ]
WHAT IN YOUR OPINION CONTRIBUTED TO
THE ACCIDENT (Check all applicable)
[ ] Weather
[ ] Alcohol use
[ ] Excessive speed
[ ] Drug use
[ ] No Proper Lookout [ ] Fault of Hull
[ ] Restricted Vision [ ] Fault of Machinery
[ ] Overloading
[ ] Fault of Equipment
[ ] Improper Loading [ ] Hunting
[ ] Racing
[ ] Operator Inexperience
[ ] Hazardous Waters [ ] Operator Inattention
[ ] Other (Specify)
PROPERTY DAMAGE
Estimated amount
This boat $
Other boat $
Other Property $
FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
Were they used? (If yes, list
Type(s) and number used.)
[ ] Yes [ ] No [ ] NA
Types:
DESCRIBE PROPERTY DAMAGE
(specify)
NAME AND ADDRESS OF OWNER OF DAMAGED
PROPERTY
Include any comments of PFD’s under ACCIDENT DESCRIPTION on other side of form
2665 DENALI
131
BOATING ACCIDENT REPORT
If more than 3 fatalities and/or injuries, attach additional form(s)
DECEASED
NAME
ADDRESS
DATE OF
BIRTH
WAS VICTIM?
[ ] Swimmer
[ ] Non Swimmer
DEATH CAUSED BY
[ ] Drowning
[ ] Other
[ ] DISAPPEARANCE
WAS PFD WORN?
[ ] Yes
[ ] No
What Type?
NAME
ADDRESS
DATE OF
BIRTH
WAS VICTIM?
[ ] Swimmer
[ ] Non Swimmer
DEATH CAUSED BY
[ ] Drowning
[ ] Other
[ ] DISAPPEARANCE
WAS PFD WORN?
[ ] Yes
[ ] No
What Type?
NAME
ADDRESS
DATE OF
BIRTH
WAS VICTIM?
[ ] Swimmer
[ ] Non Swimmer
DEATH CAUSED BY
[ ] Drowning
[ ] Other
[ ] DISAPPEARANCE
WAS PFD WORN?
[ ] Yes
[ ] No
What Type?
NAME
ADDRESS
DATE OF
BIRTH
NATURE OF INJURY
MEDICAL TREATMENT
NAME
ADDRESS
DATE OF
BIRTH
NATURE OF INJURY
MEDICAL TREATMENT
NAME
ADDRESS
DATE OF
BIRTH
NATURE OF INJURY
MEDICAL TREATMENT
INJURED
ACCIDENT DESCRIPTION
DESCRIBE WHAT HAPPENED (Sequence of events. Include Failure of Equipment. If diagram is needed, attach separately. Continue on additional sheets
if necessary. Include any information regarding the involvement of alcohol and/or drugs in causing or contributing to the accident. Include any descriptive
information about the use of PFD's.)
Name of Operator
VESSEL NO. 2 (if more than 2 vessels, attach additional form (s)
Address
Boat Number
Boat Name
Telephone Number
Name of Owner
Address
Name
Address
Telephone Number
Name
Address
Telephone Number
Name
Address
Telephone Number
WITNESSES
WITNESSES
Address
SIGNATURE
QUALIFICATION (Check One)
[ ] Operator [ ] Owner [ ] Investigator [ ] Other
Telephone Number
Date Submitted
(do not use) - FOR REPORTING AUTHORITY REVIEW (use agency date stamp)
Causes based on (check one)
[ ] This report
[ ] Investigation and this report
[ ] Investigation
[ ] Could not be determined
Primary Cause of Accident
132
Name of Reviewing Office
Date Received
Secondary Cause of Accident
Reviewed By
2665 DENALI
Appendix E:
Float Plan
Pursuit recommends filling out a float plan each time you use your boat for an offshore day
trip or a long cruise. Leave this information with a responsible person ashore, like a close
friend or relative that you know well.
1. Name of person reporting and telephone number.
2. Description of boat.
Type
Registration No.
Name
Color
Make
3. Engine type
No. of Engines
H.P.
Fuel Capacity
4. Survival equipment: (Check as appropriate)
PFDS
Smoke Signals
Paddles
Anchor
5. Radio
Trim
Length
Other Info
Yes
Flares
Flashlight
Water
Raft or Dinghy
No
Type
6. Automobile license
Type
Color
7. Persons aboard
Name
Mirror
Food
Others
EPIRB
Trailer License
and make of auto
Age
Address & telephone No.
8. Do any of the persons aboard have a medical problem?
Yes
No
If yes, what?
9. Trip Expectations: Leave at
From
Expect to return by
and no later than
Going to
(time)
10. Any other pertinent info.
11. If not returned by
call the COAST GUARD, or (Local authority)
(time)
12. Telephone Numbers.
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Appendix F:
TROUBLESHOOTING
GUIDE
PROBLEM
CAUSE AND SOLUTION
CONTROL SYSTEMS
Hydraulic Steering is slow to respond & erratic.
• Steering system is low on fluid. Fill and bleed
system.
• Steering system has air in it. Fill and bleed system
by turning the steering with the engine running.
• A component in the steering system is binding.
Check and adjust or repair binding component.
• Engine steering spindle is binding. Grease spindle.
• The power steering pump belt is loose. Tighten the
belt.
The boat wanders and will not hold a course at
cruise speeds.
• The engine steering tab is corroded or out of adjustment. Replace or adjust steering tab.
• Engine steering spindle is binding. Grease spindle.
• Power steering control valve is defective.
The engine will not start with the shift control lever
in neutral.
• The control cable is out of adjustment & not activating the neutral safety cut out switch.
• The shift control lever is not in the neutral detent.
Try moving the shift lever slightly.
• There is a loose wire on the neutral safety switch on
the control. Inspect wires and repair loose connections.
• The starter or ignition switch is bad.
PERFORMANCE PROBLEMS
Boat is sluggish and has lost speed & RPM.
• The boat may be need to have marine growth
cleaned from hull and running gear.
• Propeller may be damaged & need repair.
• Weeds or line around the propeller. Clean propeller.
• Boat is overloaded. Reduce load.
• Check for excessive water in the bilge. Pump out
bilge & find & correct the problem.
• The throttle adjustments has changed and the engine
is not getting full throttle. Adjust the throttle cable.
The boat vibrates at cruising speeds.
• Propeller may be damaged & need repair.
• The propeller or propeller shaft is bent. Repair or
replace damaged components.
• The propeller is fouled by marine growth or rope.
Clean the propeller.
• The engine is not trimmed Properly. Trim engine.
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TROUBLESHOOTING
GUIDE
PROBLEM
CAUSE AND SOLUTION
ENGINE PROBLEMS
The engine is running too hot.
• The engine raw water pick up strainer up is clogged
with marine growth. Clean pick up
• The engine raw water pump impeller is worn or
damaged. Repair the pump.
• The engine thermostat is faulty and needs to be
replaced.
The engine alternator is not charging properly.
• The engine battery cable is loose or corroded. Clean
and tighten battery cables.
• The alternator is not charging and must be replaced.
• The alternator belt is loose. Tighten or replace the
belt.
• The engine battery isolator in the charging system is
not working properly. Replace the isolator.
• The battery is defective. Replace the battery.
The engine suddenly will not operate over 2000 RPM.
• The engine emergency system has been activated.
The on board computer has sensed a problem and
has limited the RPM to protect the engine. Find &
correct the problem.
• The tachometer is bad and needs to be replaced.
The engine is loosing RPM. The boat is not overloaded
and the hull bottom and running gear are clean and in
good condition.
• The engine may be having a problem with a sticky
anti-siphon valve, located in the fuel line near the
fuel tank, that is restricting the fuel flow. Remove &
clean or replace the anti-siphon valve.
• The water separating fuel filter could be dirty. Inspect and replace the fuel filter.
• The primary fuel filter on the diesel engine may be
dirty. Inspect and replace the fuel filter.
• The electronic engine control system on the engine
•
136
is malfunctioning. Repair the engine control system.
The fuel injection system on the engine is malfunctioning . Repair the fuel injection system.
2665 DENALI
TROUBLESHOOTING
GUIDE
PROBLEM
CAUSE AND SOLUTION
ACCESSORY PROBLEMS
The livewell pump runs, but does not pump water.
• The strainer on the intake is clogged preventing the
water from getting to the pump. Clean the strainer.
• The thru-hull valve is not open. Open valve.
• The livewell pump is defective. Replace or rebuild
the pump.
The automatic float switch on the bilge pump raises
but does not activate the pump.
• The circuit breaker near the battery switch has
tripped. Reset the breaker.
• The pump impeller is jammed by debris. Clean
pump impeller housing.
• The pump is defective. Replace pump.
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