RME Audio Hammerfall DIGI9652 User`s guide

Th
e
N
0% AS
ew
!
52 CP IO
tr U l Har
ac
oa
dw
k
ar
op d at
er
e
at full
ion
User’s Guide - Macintosh Version
24 Bit / 96 kHz ü
®
SyncAlign
®
ZLM
PCI Busmaster Digital I/O Card
2 + 24 Channels Stereo / ADAT Interface
24 Bit / 96 kHz Digital Audio
ADAT Sync In
Board Rev. 1.5, Hardware Version 003
Contents
1
2
3
4
5
Introduction .............................................................. 3
Package Contents .................................................... 3
System Requirements .............................................. 3
Brief Description and Characteristics ........................ 3
Technical Specifications
5.1 Digital..................................................................... 4
5.2 Digital Interface ...................................................... 4
5.3 Transfer Modes: Resolution / Bits per Sample ........ 4
6
Hardware Installation................................................ 5
7
Driver Installation ..................................................... 5
8
Operation and Usage
8.1 Connections............................................................ 7
9
Configuring the DIGI9652
9.1 General Information................................................ 8
9.2 Clock Modes - Synchronization............................. 10
10
Word Clock
10.1 Technical Description and Usage........................ 12
10.2 Cables and Termination...................................... 12
10.3 General Operation .............................................. 13
11
Using more than one Hammerfall ........................... 13
12
Special Characteristics of the S/PDIF Output ......... 13
13
Operation under ASIO 2.0
13.1 General .............................................................. 14
13.2 Performance....................................................... 14
13.3 Synchronization .................................................. 15
13.4 Known Problems................................................. 16
14
Compatibility
14.1 Software ............................................................. 16
14.2 Hardware ............................................................ 16
14.3 General PCI related problems............................. 16
15
Hotline.................................................................... 17
16
Troubleshooting...................................................... 17
17
TECH INFO............................................................ 18
18
Warranty ................................................................ 19
19
Appendix................................................................ 19
20
Diagrams
20.1 Block Diagram .................................................... 20
20.2 Pin assignment of the cable adapter ................... 20
20.3 ADAT Track Routing, ASIO 96 kHz..................... 21
DIGI9652 User’s Guide © RME
2
1. Introduction
Thank you for choosing the RME DIGI9652. This card is capable of transferring digital
audio data directly to a computer from practically any device equipped with a digital audio
interface, be it S/PDIF, AES/EBU or ADAT optical. The numerous unique features, well
thought-out configuration dialog and unsurpassed low latency operation puts the DIGI9652
at the very top of the range of digital audio interface cards.
The package includes ASIO 2.0 drivers for MacOS. An ALSA driver for Linux or Unix is also
available.
Our high-performance philosophy guarantees maximum system performance by executing all
functions directly in hardware and not in the driver (i.e. the CPU).
2. Package Contents
Please check that your DIGI9652 package contains each of the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
DIGI9652 PCI card
9652 expansion board
Quick Info guide
RME Driver CD
Adapter cable (D-type to D-type/phono)
Internal cable (2-core)
Flat ribbon cable (10-core)
Lightpipe cable (2 x 2m)
3. System Requirements
• MacOS 8.x or higher. G3 or higher recommended.
• A free PCI rev. 2.1 Busmaster slot
• For word clock and third ADAT I/O: An unused slot in the rear panel of the computer
4. Brief Description and Characteristics
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
PCI Busmaster interface with additional burst FIFO
No risk of dropouts, even at high PCI bus load
ASIO design: 0% (zero!) CPU load, even using all 52 channels
All settings can be changed in real-time
Enhanced mixed mode: ADAT In, S/PDIF In, and all outputs can be used simultaneously
8 available buffer sizes/latencies: 1.5 / 3 / 6 / 12 / 23 / 46 / 93 / 186 ms
Sample Split technology for 12 channel, 96 kHz/24-bit record/playback via ADAT optical
Slave and master clock modes
Automatic and intelligent master/slave clock control
Unsurpassed Bitclock PLL (audio synchronization) in ADAT mode
Word clock input and output
ADAT Sync in (9-pin D-type) for sample-accurate transfer
Zero Latency Monitoring: Hardware bypass per track, controlled by Punch in/out
Enhanced ZLM prevents noises during asynchronous full duplex transfer
SyncAlign guarantees sample aligned and never swapping channels
SyncCheck tests and reports the synchronization status of input signals
DIGI9652 User’s Guide © RME
3
5. Technical Specifications
5.1 Digital
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Low jitter S/PDIF: < 5 ns in PLL mode (44.1 kHz, optical in)
Ultra-low jitter ADAT: < 2 ns in PLL mode (44.1 kHz, optical in)
Input PLL ensures zero dropout, even at more than 40 ns jitter
Bitclock PLL for trouble-free varispeed operation in ADAT mode
High-sensitivity input stage (< 0.2 Vss input level)
Output voltage 0.8V (consumer mode) or 2.3V (professional mode)
Sample frequencies: 32 / 44.1 / 48 / 88.2 / 96 kHz and variable (word clock) supported
5.2 Digital Interface
•
•
•
•
Phono input and output ground-free transformer coupled
Connectors: optical (TOSLINK), phono, internal (CD-ROM/Sync in, Sync out)
Clocks: ADAT Sync In, word clock I/O
Formats: S/PDIF (Consumer and Professional), ADAT optical
5.3 Transfer Modes: Resolution / Bits per Sample
• 32 bit, 4 byte (stereo 8 byte)
This format is compatible with 16-bit and 20-bit. Resolutions below 24-bit are handled by the
audio application. The card works internally with 32-bit data, but audio data transfer is limited to
24-bits.
DIGI9652 User’s Guide © RME
4
6. Hardware Installation
Before installing the DIGI9652, please make sure the computer is switched off and the
power cable is disconnected from the mains supply. Inserting or removing a PCI card while
the computer is in operation can cause irreparable damage to both motherboard and card!
1. Disconnect the power cord and all other cables from the computer.
2. Remove the computer's housing. Further information on how to do this can be obtained
from your computer´s instruction manual.
3. Important: Before removing the DIGI9652 from its protective bag, discharge any static
in your body by touching the metal chassis of the PC.
4. Connect the DIGI9652 card with the Expansion Board using the supplied flat ribbon
cable. Note: The connectors on the cable cannot be plugged in the wrong way round.
5. Insert the DIGI9652 firmly into a free PCI slot, press and fasten the screw.
6. Insert the Expansion Board and fasten the screw.
7. Replace the computer's housing.
8. Reconnect all cables including the power cord.
Note: If neither word clock nor a third ADAT I/O is required, it is not necessary to install the
Expansion Board at all (i.e. leave out steps 4 and 6).
7. Driver Installation
First fit the card (see 6. Hardware Installation), then switch on the computer and install the
drivers from the RME Driver CD. The driver files are located in the folder 'Hammerfall'.
In case a newer driver version was downloaded from the RME website double-click the
'm9652_x.sit' archive to decompress it into separate files (using 'Aladin Stuffit Expander').
If you already installed an older version of the driver first make sure to remove all old files.
To do so open the 'Extensions' folder which is inside your 'System' folder. Remove the file
'HAMMERFALL DRIVER'. Also remove 'HAMMERFALL SETTINGS' and/or 'RME DIGI
Settings' from the directory where it was copied to. Remove the 'HAMMERFALL ASIO' driver
file from any 'ASIO Drivers' folder.
Drag the new file Hammerfall
Driver to the System folder. It will
be installed automatically into the
'Extension' folder. Confirm the
system's message to complete
the installation. Now the driver file
should be found in the 'Extension'
folder, see example to the right.
DIGI9652 User’s Guide © RME
5
Copy the new files RME DIGI Settings and
Hammerfall ASIO into all 'ASIO Drivers' folders
found on your computer. As every ASIO software
has its own ASIO Drivers folder the files have to
be copied several times. The picture to the left
shows an example after installation of
Hammerfall and DIGI96.
Configuration of the Hammerfall is done through the Settings dialog, which can be called from
within any ASIO compatible software (for example Audio/System/ASIO Control Panel). To be
able to call up the Settings dialog at any time we recommend to create an Alias on the desktop.
To create an Alias select 'RME DIGI Settings' with the mouse cursor, press and hold the Apple
and Alt keys on your keyboard, and drag 'RME DIGI Settings' to the desired location. With this
all RME cards in the system can be configured easily even without starting an ASIO software.
To finish installation reboot the computer.
Linux/Unix
An ALSA driver for Linux/Unix and further information on ALSA is available at
http://www.alsa-project.org
DIGI9652 User’s Guide © RME
6
8. Operation and Usage
8.1 Connections
Project Hammerfall consists of the main PCI board and an Expansion Board. All the
essential electronics are located on the PCI card, so it will also work without the Expansion
Board.
The main board's bracket
has two ADAT optical
inputs and two ADAT
optical outputs, as well as
a 9-pin D-type socket.
Coaxial S/PDIF input and
output requires plugging
in the adapter cable,
whereby the red phono
socket is the output. The
ADAT1 I/O next to the D-type socket can also be used for optical S/PDIF, if this mode is
selected in the Settings dialog.
An input is selected via the RME DIGI Settings dialog. Project Hammerfall accepts the
commonly used digital audio formats, S/PDIF as well as AES/EBU. Channel status and copy
protection are ignored.
In S/PDIF mode, identical signals are available at both the optical and the coaxial outputs. An
obvious use for this would be simply connecting two devices, i.e. using the DIGI9652 as a
splitter.
To receive signals in AES/EBU format, a cable adapter is required. Pins 2 and 3 of a female
XLR plug are connected individually to the two pins of a phono plug. The cable shielding is only
connected to pin 1 of the XLR - not to the phono plug. The ground-free design using
transformers for digital inputs and outputs enables trouble-free connection to all devices, and
perfect hum rejection.
The internal digital input (connector ST3 on the circuit board, CD IN) can be connected to the
digital output of an internal CD-ROM drive (advantage: direct transfer of data within the
computer). It also allows to use an AEBx-I, when a 3-wire cable connects ST7 on AEB and
Hammerfall.
Additionally the card offers two internal outputs, labeled ADAT1OUT (ST5) und ADAT2OUT
(ST9). These can be used to operate one AEBx-O each, for a maximum of 16 analog outputs.
The audio data are the same as on the corresponding optical output.
The Expansion Board's
bracket gives access to a
third ADAT optical input
and output as well as
word clock I/O. Next to
the two BNC sockets is an
LED, which displays the
word clock input lock
status.
DIGI9652 User’s Guide © RME
7
9. Configuring the DIGI9652
9.1 General Information
Configuring Project Hammerfall is done using its own settings dialog, RME DIGI
Settings.
The DIGI9652 hardware offers a number of helpful, well thought-of practical functions and
options which affect how the card operates - the DIGI9652 can be configured to suit many
different requirements. The following is available in the 'Settings' dialog:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Input selection
Output mode
Output channel status
Synchronization behaviour
Input and output status display
Time code display
The setting ‘Buffer Size’ determines
the latency between incoming and
outgoing data, as well as affecting
system stability (see chapter 13).
We recommend selecting the
highest value here (8192 samples)
- the board itself will still run
comfortably.
The status displays at the bottom of
the dialog box give the user precise
information about the current status
of the board, and the status of all
signals.
‘SyncCheck’
indicates
whether there is a valid signal for
each input (‘Lock’ or ‘No Lock’), or if there is a valid and synchronous signal (‘Sync’). The ‘Sync
Ref’ display shows the input and frequency of the current sync source.
'Time Code' displays time information received from the card’s ADAT Sync In. This is
convenient for checking whether the system is running in time with the transmitting device (e.g.
ADAT).
DIGI9652 User’s Guide © RME
8
Buffer Size:
The setting ‘Buffer Size’ determines the latency between incoming and outgoing data, as well
as affecting system stability (see chapter 13). We recommend selecting the highest value here
(8192 samples) - the board itself will still run comfortably.
SPDIF In:
Defines the input for the SPDIF
signal. 'Coaxial' relates to the white
phono plug, 'Internal' to the jumper
CD In (ST3), 'ADAT1' to the optical
input ADAT1.
SPDIF Out:
The SPDIF output signal is
constantly available at the internal
jumper Sync Out (ST4) and the red
phono plug. After selecting 'ADAT1' it
is also routed to the optical output
ADAT1. For further details about the
settings ‘Professional’, ‘Emphasis’
and ‘Non-Audio’, please refer to
chapter 11.
Clock Mode:
The card can be configured to use
the following clock sources: external
input signal (AutoSync), internal
clock (Master), or external word clock
signal (Wordclock).
Pref. Sync Ref.:
Used to pre-select the desired clock source. If the selected source isn't available the card will
change to the next available one. The currently used clock source and sample rate is displayed
in the SyncRef display.
Options:
'Alt. ASIO Mode' activates a different ASIO callback method. This setting is performed in realtime and under operation. Therefore it's very easy to check whether this setting results in any
performance advantages. This setting is recommended for Logic (emagic) and Spark (TC).
After activating 'ADAT1 Int.' the optical input ADAT1 will be routed to the internal input (CD In).
Then the 4- or 8-channel signal of an AEB-I can be received. The optical input can no longer be
used with an ADAT signal, but can still be used as SPDIF input. For this to work select 'ADAT1'
under 'SPDIF In'.
DIGI9652 User’s Guide © RME
9
9.2 Clock Modes - Synchronization
In the digital world, all devices are either the ‘Master’ (clock source) or a ‘Slave’ synchronized
to the master. Whenever several devices are linked within a system, there must always be a
single master clock. The DIGI9652’s intelligent clock control is very user-friendly, being
able to switch between clock modes automatically. Selecting 'AutoSync' will activate this mode.
In AutoSync mode, the DIGI9652 constantly scans all digital inputs for a valid signal. If
this signal corresponds with the current playback sample rate, the card switches from the
internal quartz (Sync Ref displays 'Internal') to a clock generated from the input signal (Sync
Ref displays 'S/PDIF' or 'ADATx'). This allows on-the-fly recording, even during playback,
without having to synchronize the card to the input signal first. It also allows immediate
playback at any sample rate without having to reconfigure the card.
AutoSync guarantees that normal record and record-while-play will always work correctly. In
certain cases however, e.g. when the inputs and outputs of a DAT machine are connected
directly to the DIGI9652, AutoSync causes feedback in the digital carrier, so
synchronization breaks down. To remedy this, switch the DIGI9652 clock mode over to
'Master'.
Remember that a digital system can only have one master! If the DIGI9652’s clock mode is
set to 'Master', all other devices must be set to ‘Slave’.
All the ADAT optical inputs in the
DIGI9652 as well as the
S/PDIF
input
will
work
simultaneously. Because there is
no input selector however, the
DIGI9652 has to be told which
of the signals is the sync reference
(a digital device can only be
clocked from a single source). This
is why the card has been equipped
with
automatic
clock
source
selection, which adopts the first
available input with a valid digital
signal as the clock reference input.
The input currently used as sync
reference is shown in the 'Sync Ref'
status field, together with the
current sample frequency.
Via 'Pref Sync Ref' (preferred
synchronization
reference)
a
preferred input can be defined. As
long as the card sees a valid signal there, this input will be designated as the sync source,
otherwise the other inputs will be scanned in turn. If none of the inputs are receiving a valid
signal, the card automatically switches clock mode to ‘Master’.
To cope with some situations which may arise in studio practice, setting ‘Pref Sync Ref’ is
essential. One example: An ADAT recorder is connected to the ADAT1 input (ADAT1
immediately becomes the sync source) and a CD player is connected to the S/PDIF input. Try
recording a few samples from the CD and you will be disappointed. Few CD players can be
synchronized. The samples will inevitably be corrupted, because the signal from the CD player
is read with the (wrong) clock from the ADAT i.e. out of sync. In this case, 'Pref Sync Ref'
should be temporarily set to S/PDIF.
DIGI9652 User’s Guide © RME
10
If several digital devices are to be used simultaneously in a system, they not only have to
operate with the same sample frequency but also be synchronous with each other. This is why
digital systems always need a single device defined as ‘master’, which sends the same clock
signal to all the other (‘slave’) devices. RME’s exclusive SyncCheck technology (first
implemented in the DIGI9652) enables an easy to use check and display of the current
clock status. The ‘SyncCheck’ field indicates whether no signal (‘No Lock’), a valid signal
(‘Lock’) or a valid and synchronous signal (‘Sync’) is present at each of the three ADAT optical
inputs. The ‘Sync Ref’ display shows the current sync source’s input and frequency.
In practice, SyncCheck provides the user with an easy way of checking whether all digital
devices connected to the system are properly configured. With SyncCheck, finally anyone can
master this common source of error, previously one of the most complex issues in the digital
studio world.
An example to illustrate this: The ADAT1 and ADAT2 inputs are receiving signals from a digital
mixing desk that has been set to clock mode 'Internal' or 'Master'. An ADAT recorder is
connected to the ADAT3 input. The DIGI9652 is set to AutoSync mode. As expected,
SyncCheck shows that the ADAT1 and ADAT2 inputs are in sync (as they are driven by the
same clock from the mixing desk), but shows ‘Lock’ instead of 'Sync' for the ADAT3 input.
Because the ADAT
recorder
is
not
receiving any signals
from
Hammerfall or
from the mixer, it will
generate its own
clock at a rate which
is (almost) the same
as
the
sample
frequency of the
mixing desk - but not
identical.
Remedy:
To drive the ADAT
recorder from its
digital input, set it to
slave mode (DIG),
and connect the input to the Hammerfall’s ADAT3 output. Hammerfall is already in
sync with the mixing desk, so it will send an identical (synchronous) signal to ADAT3 out. The
ADAT recorder will lock onto this, its output will also be in sync. The signal from the ADAT
recorder is now fully in sync with the signals from the mixing desk.
Thanks to its AutoSync technique and a lightning fast PLL, the DIGI9652 is not only
capable of handling standard frequencies, but also any sample rate between 25 and 105 kHz.
The input selected in 'Pref Sync Ref' serves as synchronization source. If the Expansion Board
has been installed, and the word clock input is selected (clock mode 'Word Clock'), this will
serve as the synchronization source, allowing any sample frequency between 25 kHz and 56
kHz in varispeed operation.
The current sample frequency at the S/PDIF input (displayed in the ‘S/PDIF In’ field) is useful
for troubleshooting and checking the configuration of all connected digital devices. If an input
without a valid signal (or a faulty one) is selected, ‘No Lock’ will appear. In varispeed mode, or
if the sample frequency is way out of tune, ‘Lock’ is displayed.
At 88.2 or 96 kHz: If one of the ADAT inputs has been selected in ‘Pref Sync Ref’, the sample
frequency shown in the ‘S/PDIF In’ field differs from the one shown in ‘Sync Ref’. The card
automatically switches to its Sample Split mode here, because ADAT optical inputs and outputs
are only specified up to 48 kHz. Data from/to a single input/output is spread over two channels,
the internal frequency stays at 44.1 or 48 kHz. In such cases, the ADAT sample frequency is
only half the S/PDIF frequency.
DIGI9652 User’s Guide © RME
11
10. Word Clock
10.1 Technical Description and Usage
Correct interpretation of digital audio data is dependent upon a definite sample frequency.
Signals can only be correctly processed or transferred between devices if these all share the
same clock, otherwise digital signals are misinterpreted, causing distortion, clicks/crackle and
even dropouts.
AES/EBU, S/PDIF and ADAT are self-clocking, so an additional line for word clock could be
considered redundant. In practice however, using several devices at the same time can cause
problems. For example, if devices are connected in a loop without there being a defined
‘master’ device, self-clocking may break down. Besides, the clocks of all devices must be
synchronized from a single source. Devices without S/PDIF inputs (typically playback devices
such as CD players) cannot be synchronized via self-clocking.
In digital studios, synchronization requirements can be met by connecting all devices to a
central sync source. For instance, the master device could be a mixing desk, sending a
reference signal - word clock - to all other devices. However, this will only work if all the other
devices have word clock inputs (e.g. some professional CD players) allowing them to run as
slaves. This being the case, all devices will receive the same clock signal, so there is no
fundamental reason for sync problems when they are connected together.
10.2 Cables and Termination
Word clock signals are usually distributed in the form of a network, split with BNC T-adapters
and terminated with resistors. We recommend using off-the-shelf BNC cables to connect all
devices, as this type of cable is used for most computer networks. You will find all the
necessary components (T-adapters, terminators, cables) in most electronics and/or computer
stores.
To avoid voltage loss and reflections, both the cable itself and the terminating resistor should
have an impedance of 75 Ohm. If the voltage is too low, synchronization will fail. High
frequency reflection effects can cause both jitter and sync failure.
In practice, the situation has improved in recent years. The relatively low frequency of word
clock signals is not a problem for modern electronic circuits. Because of the higher voltage,
word clock networks are often more stable and reliable if cables are not terminated at all. Also,
75 Ohm cable is almost impossible to find these days. 50 Ohm cable is standard - this will also
work as long as the termination resistors are 75 Ohm.
The word clock input on Hammerfall’s Expansion Board is a high-impedance type ensuring
maximum flexibility, and is therefore not terminated. If normal termination is necessary (e.g.
because Hammerfall is the last device in the chain), simply connect a T-adapter to its BNC
input jack, connect the cable supplying the word clock signal to one arm of the T-adapter and
terminate the other with a 75 Ohm resistor (as a short BNC plug).
In case Project Hammerfall resides within a chain of devices receiving word clock,
plug a T-adapter into Hammerfall’s BNC input jack and the cable supplying the word clock
signal to one end of the adapter (as above), but connect the free end to the next device in the
chain via a further BNC cable. The last device in the chain should be terminated using another
T-adapter and a terminator plug as described in the previous paragraph.
DIGI9652 User’s Guide © RME
12
10.3 General Operation
The green ‘Lock’ LED next to the input jack will light up when the input sees a valid word clock
signal. Selecting ‘Word Clock’ in the ‘Clock Mode’ field will switch clock control over to the word
clock signal. As soon as there is a valid signal at the BNC jack, 'Sync Ref' will display 'Word'.
This message has the same function as the green ‘Lock’ LED next to the BNC input jack, but
appears on the monitor, i.e. the user can check immediately whether a valid word clock signal
is present and is currently being used.
The wordclock input and output as well as all ADAT ports only work in Single Speed mode.
At 96 kHz, the word clock output will therefore be a 48 kHz signal.
11. Using more than one Hammerfall
The current drivers support any combination and number of Hammerfalls, both DIGI9636
and DIGI9652. Please note that only one ADAT Sync can be used (of course). Additional
all cards must be in sync i.e. have to receive valid sync information (either via word clock or
using AutoSync).
12. Special Characteristics of the S/PDIF Output
Apart from the audio data itself, digital signals in S/PDIF or AES/EBU format have a header
containing channel status information. False channel status is a common cause of malfunction.
The DIGI9652 ignores the received header and creates a totally new one for the output
signal.
Note that in record or monitor modes, set emphasis bits will disappear. Recordings originally
done with emphasis should always be played back with the emphasis bit set!
This can be done by selecting the 'Emphasis' switch in the Settings dialog ('S/PDIF Out'). This
setting is updated immediately, even during playback. The DIGI9652's new output header
is optimized for largest compatibility with other digital devices:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
32 kHz, 44.1 kHz, 48 kHz, 88.2 kHz or 96 kHz, depending on the current sample rate
Audio use, Non-Audio
No Copyright, Copy Permitted
Format Consumer or Professional
Category General, Generation not indicated
2-channel, No Emphasis or 50/15 µs
Aux bits Audio Use
Professional AES/EBU equipment can be connected to the DIGI9652 thanks to the
transformer-balanced coaxial outputs, and the ‘Professional’ format option with doubled output
voltage. Output cables should have the same pinout as those used for input (see section 8.1
‘Connections’), but with a male XLR plug instead of a female one.
Note that most consumer-orientated equipment (with optical or phono S/PDIF inputs) will
only accept signals in ‘Consumer’ format!
The audio bit in the header can be set to 'Non-Audio'. This is necessary when Dolby AC-3
encoded data is sent to external decoders (surround-sound receivers, television sets etc. with
AC-3 digital inputs), as these decoders would otherwise not recognize the data as AC-3.
DIGI9652 User’s Guide © RME
13
13. Operation under ASIO 2.0
13.1 General
At the time of writing, Cubase VST is the only available ASIO 2.0 application, so it will be used
as an example throughout this chapter.
Start the ASIO software and
select ‘System’ from the Audio
menu. Select 'Hammerfall
ASIO' as 'ASIO Device'. The
button 'ASIO Device Control
Panel'
opens
the
DIGI9652 Settings dialog
(see chapter 9, Configuration).
DIGI9652 also allows
simultaneous
record
and
playback of S/PDIF audio data
together with record and
playback in ADAT format.
Please note that the external
S/PDIF devices have to be
running in sync, otherwise
recordings will be corrupted.
Enhanced ZLM (Zero Latency Monitoring) in the DIGI9652 is so efficient that even
different sample rates would usually cause no noticeable clicks or other unwanted noises.
Having said this, you should not be tempted to ‘misuse’ this feature, because Murphy’s Law
is sure to ruin your ‘take of the century’.
DIGI9652 supports 'ASIO Direct Monitoring'. Please note that in this mode neither routing
nor pan are supported so the input signals will only be routed to the same output channel. Other
VST mixer settings have no effect.
When the sample frequency is set to 88.2 or 96 kHz, all the ADAT optical inputs and outputs
operate in Sample Split mode, so the number of available channels is reduced from 24 to 12.
Some programs have problems to reset the ASIO driver properly. To change the number of
ASIO channels to 13 it can be neccessary to restart the program for the change to take effect.
13.2 Performance
The 'Audio Performance' settings are especially important. Firstly, the number of channels
should be changed from 8 to 26 so that all the DIGI9652 inputs can be accessed.
A very common problem is insufficient hard disk performance. If the first track is missing while recording multiple
tracks, or the error message ‘Audio: Record Error’ appears,
the disk sub-system is too slow i.e. it is unable to write the
audio data to the disk quickly enough. The problem can
almost always be remedied by changing ‘Disk Block Buffer
Size’ from the default 64kB to 256kB.
DIGI9652 User’s Guide © RME
14
This is especially true if you want to record more than 12 tracks at the same time. 26 tracks are
only possible after changing ‘Disk Block Buffer Size’ to 256kB (depending on your computer).
Please note that these parameters are only updated after clicking on ‘Apply’.
The heyday of (expensive) SCSI hard disks in high-speed audio workstations is over. Today’s
cheap high-capacity EIDE disks allow continuous transfer rates of well over 5 MB per second.
In practical terms, this is more than enough to record up to 24 simultaneous tracks using
Cubase and Hammerfall!
The Buffer Size value in Hammerfall’s Settings dialog determines the latency (in this case
the delay) between the audio application and the DIGI9652 as well as general system
stability. The higher the value, the more tracks can be recorded and played back
simultaneously and the longer the system takes to react. At the given maximum of about 0.2
seconds, you will not notice much delay at all - the system will still respond quickly and
smoothly.
13.3 Synchronization
To
achieve
sampleaccuracy between the ADAT
recorder
and
Hammerfall
while
running Cubase, connect
the ADAT sync output with
the 9-pin D-type sync input
of the DIGI9652. The
‘Time Code’ field in the
Settings dialog should now
show
the
same
time
information as the ADAT
recorder.
Double-clicking on the Sync
button in Cubase' transport panel will open the ‘Synchronization’ dialog. Select ASIO 2.0 as the
timecode base (under Sync Source), confirm the dialog with ‘OK’, then activate Sync mode by
(single) clicking on the Sync button.
If synchronization is not working i.e. Cubase does not respond when the ADAT is set to ‘Play’,
please try the following:
•
•
•
•
•
Check the cables
Switch Sync off and on again (in Cubase’ transport panel)
Select ‘Reset Devices’ from the Options menu.
Switch on the ADAT recorder(s) before starting Cubase
Use the BRC as Master and send its word clock to all other devices
DIGI9652 User’s Guide © RME
15
13.4 Known Problems
In case the used computer has no sufficient CPU-power and/or sufficient PCI-bus transfer
rates, then drop outs, crackling and noise will appear. We also recommend to deactivate all
PlugIns to verify that these are not the reason for such effects.
Another common source of trouble is incorrect synchronization. ASIO does not support
asynchronous operation, which means that the input and output signals must not only have the
same sample frequency, but they must also be in sync. All devices connected to the
DIGI9636 must be properly configured for Full Duplex operation. As long as SyncCheck
(in the Settings dialog) only displays 'Lock' instead of 'Sync', the devices have not been set up
properly!
14. Compatibility
14.1 Software
The Hammerfall series is compatible to all major ASIO applications, like Cubase VST, emagic
Logic, Opcode Studio Vision PRO, Prosoniq SonicWORX, TC SPARK, Peak from Bias, Motu
Digital Performer and Super Collider.
14.2 Hardware
No problems known.
14.3 General PCI related problems
The following symptoms are typical for PCI related problems:
• The control panel of the Sound Manager is crossed red
• When booting the control panels are displayed too big, or spread across the whole screen
• Software or OS crash as soon as the card is used
These problems were reported with older computers (prior to G3). They can be solved in most
cases by simply using a different slot, or by exchanging slots with other PCI cards (like SCSI
controllers or graphics cards).
DIGI9652 User’s Guide © RME
16
15. Hotline
The ADAT timecode is not in sync
• The tape is formatted to 48 kHz, but played back at 44,1 kHz (Pitch). This 'Blackface'
problem cannot be solved in a satisfactory way.
ADAT timecode is running, but Cubase does not start 'Play' automatically
• The input displayed in ‘Sync Ref’ is not in sync mode. Sync mode is essential, because
ADAT’s so-called time code is really a sample position, and is therefore only valid for
synchronous audio data.
• Sync is displayed (referring to the card’s clock), but the incoming data is not in sync with the
sample position received at the ADAT Sync In. Then Cubase does not start. Remedy: Set
‘Pref. Sync Ref’ to the input corresponding to the received ADAT Sync signal.
• Sync mode wasn't activated (button in the transport panel), or ASIO 2.0 has not been
chosen as the SMPTE sync source.
The input signal cannot be monitored in real-time
• ASIO Direct Monitoring has not been enabled, and/or monitoring has been globally disabled.
The first 8 channels don’t seem to work
• S/PDIF output has been switched to ADAT1. This means that the first ADAT output device,
and therefore the first 8 channels in the ASIO application, are no longer available. All
channels and their assignments still exist, but the optical transmitter has been disconnected
from the ADAT and is now fed from the S/PDIF output (channels 25 and 26).
The performance with emagic's Logic is poor
• Ensure that 'Alt.ASIO Mode' is checked (RME DIGI Settings, Options). This setting can be
changed on the fly.
16. Troubleshooting
The dialog 'New hardware component found’ does not appear:
• Remove the optical cables from the DIGI9652 and check whether the optical outputs
light up when the Mac is switched on. If not, the card is either defective or not correctly
inserted in the PCI slot.
The card and drivers have been installed correctly, but playback does not work:
• Check whether the DIGI9652 has been selected as current ASIO device.
Playback works, but record doesn’t:
• Check that there is a valid signal at the input. If so, the current sample frequency is
displayed in the Settings dialog.
• Check whether the DIGI9652 has been selected as recording device in the audio
application.
• Check whether the sample frequency set in the audio application (‘Recording properties’ or
similar) matches the input signal.
• Check that cables/devices have not been connected in a closed loop. If so, set the card’s
clock mode to ‘Master’.
DIGI9652 User’s Guide © RME
17
Crackle during record or playback:
• Increase the number and size of buffers in the ‘Settings’ dialog or in the application.
• Try different cables (coaxial or optical) to rule out any defects here.
• Check that cables/devices have not been connected in a closed loop. If so, set the card’s
clock mode to ‘Master’.
• Increase the buffer size of the hard disk cache.
32 kHz files will not play back:
• Hammerfall does not have an internal 32 kHz clock, as this frequency is not covered by
the ADAT standard. However, you can record and playback via S/PDIF if the card is clocked
from an external device i.e. AutoSync or Word Clock are active, and fed S/PDIF or
equivalent word clock signal is 32 kHz.
17. TECH INFO
See http://www.rme-audio.com/techinfo/index.htm or the directory \rmeaudio.web\techinfo on
the RME Driver CD for more detailed information. At the time of writing, the following Tech Info
is available:
Synchronization II (DIGI96 series)
Digital audio synchronization - technical background and pitfalls.
Information on driver updates
Lists all changes in the drivers of the Hammerfall series.
ADI-1 Inside
Technical information about the RME ADI-1 (20-bit AD/DA converter).
ADI-8 Inside
Technical information about the RME ADI-8 (24-bit AD/DA converter).
TMS (Track Marker Support)
Description of the TMS technology to transfer CD- and DAT information.
DIGI9652 User’s Guide © RME
18
18. Warranty
Each individual DIGI9652 undergoes comprehensive quality control and a complete test in
a PC environment at RME before shipping. This may cause very slight signs of wear on the
contacts (if the card looks like it was used one time before - it was). The usage of high grade
components allows us to offer a full two year warranty. We accept a copy of the sales receipt
as valid warranty legitimation.
RME’s replacement service within this period is handled by the retailer. If you suspect that your
card is faulty, please contact your local retailer. The warranty does not cover damage caused
by improper installation or maltreatment - replacement or repair in such cases can only be
carried out at the owner’s expense.
RME does not accept claims for damages of any kind, especially consequential damage.
Liability is limited to the value of the DIGI9652. The general terms of business drawn up
by Synthax OHG apply at all times.
19. Appendix
RME news, driver updates and further product information are available on our website:
http://www.rme-audio.com
If you prefer to read the information off-line, you can load a complete copy of the RME website
from the RME Driver CD (in the \rmeaudio.web directory) into your browser.
Distributor in Germany:
Synthax, Am Pfanderling 62, D-85778 Haimhausen, Tel.: (49) 08133 / 91810
Manufacturer:
Ingenieurbuero Mueller, Goethestr. 22, D-09648 Mittweida
Trademarks
All trademarks, registered or otherwise, are the property of their respective owners. RME,
DIGI96, SyncAlign and ZLM are registered trademarks of RME Intelligent Audio Solutions.
DIGICheck, SyncCheck and TMS are trademarks of RME Intelligent Audio Solutions. Alesis
and ADAT are registered trademarks of Alesis Corp. ADAT optical is a trademark of Alesis
Corp. Apple and MacOS are registered trademarks of Apple Computer Inc. Steinberg, Cubase
and VST are registered trademarks of Steinberg Soft- und Hardware GmbH. ASIO is a
trademark of Steinberg Soft- und Hardware GmbH. emagic and Logic Audio are registered
trademarks of emagic Soft- und Hardware GmbH.
Copyright  Matthias Carstens, 08/00. Version 1.1
Current driver version: 1.4
This manual applies to board rev. 1.5, hardware version 003.
Although the contents of this User’s Guide have been thoroughly checked for errors, RME can not guarantee that it is correct
throughout. RME does not accept responsibility for any misleading or incorrect information within this guide. Lending or
copying any part of the guide or the RME Driver CD, or any commercial exploitation of these media without express written
permission from RME Intelligent Audio Solutions is prohibited. RME reserves the right to change specifications at any time
without notice.
DIGI9652 User’s Guide © RME
19
20. Diagrams
20.1 Block Diagram
20.2 Pin assignment of the cable adapter
Pin
9
6
Function
SPDIF In +
SPDIF Out +
Pin
5
1
Function
SPDIF In SPDIF Out -
DIGI9652 User’s Guide © RME
20
20.3 ADAT Track Routing, ASIO at 96 kHz
This diagram shows the signal paths in ASIO double speed mode (88.2 / 96 kHz). The devices
available under ASIO have been implemented according to the hardware. Signal routing is
identical for record and playback.
Device: The device name in the audio application
SR: Sample Rate
Device name code: Channel in ASIO host, ADAT interface, DIGI9652, card number
DIGI9652 User’s Guide © RME
21
CE and FCC Compliance Statements
CE
This device has been tested and found to comply with the EN55022 class B and EN50082-1
norms for digital devices, according to the European Council directive on counterpart laws in
the member states relating to electromagnetic compatibility (EMVG).
FCC
This device has been tested and found to comply with the requirements listed in FCC
Regulations, part 15 for Class ‘B’ digital devices. Compliance with these requirements provides
a reasonable level of assurance that your use of this product in a residential environment will
not result in harmful interference with other electronic devices.
This equipment generates radio frequencies and, if not installed and used according to the
instructions in the User’s Guide may cause interference harmful to the operation of other
electronic devices.
Compliance with FCC regulations does not guarantee that interference will not occur in all
installations. If this product is found to be the source of interference, which can be determined
by turning the unit off and on again, please try to eliminate the problem by using one of the
following measures:
• Relocate either this product or the device that is being affected by the interference
• Use power outlets on different branch circuits, or install AC line filters
• Contact your local retailer or any qualified radio and television engineer
When connecting external devices to this product, compliance to limits for a Class ‘B’ device
requires the use of shielded cables.
FCC compliance statement: Tested to comply with FCC standards for home or office use.
DIGI9652 User’s Guide © RME
22