Side-Power SP 200 TC Technical information

3439650/5
IM-P343-29
CH Issue 5
SP200
Electropneumatic Smart Positioner
Installation and Maintenance Instructions
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
IM-P343-29
Printed in the CH
UK Issue 5
Index
Safety information
Technical information
Options
Installation
Electrical connections
Quick start procedure
Programming
flow chart
Programming and
commissioning
Maintenance
Default values and
program settings
Glossary of
display data
Certification
1
© Copyright 2009
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IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
1. Index
Section
Sub-section
2.1
2.2
General requirements
Electrical safety requirements
2.3
2.4
Electromagnetic compatibility
Installation for hazardous areas and certification
3. Technical
information
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
Description
Technical data
Materials
Programmable functions
4. Options
4.1
Pressure gauge block
5.1
Mounting the SP200 positioner General informaton
Sequence for mounting an SP200 positioner to
a linear actuator
Sequence for mounting an SP200 positioner to
a rotary actuator
2. Safety
information
5. Installation
5.2
5.3
Electrical
6. connections
7.
Quick start
procedure
5.4
Air supply and connections
6.1
6.2
Guidance notes
Wiring diagrams
7.1
7.2
2-port valves
3-port valves
8. Programming flow chart
9. Programming and
commissioning
10. Maintenance and
troubleshooting
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.6
9.7
9.8
9.9
SET-UP NOW
SP200 MENU
MANOP
AUTOS - automatic autostroke commissioning
SET
- setting of valve functions
TUNE - setting of valve tune functions
RUN
- automatic operation
STRVL and RTIME - valve diagnostics
RETRN - return to SP200 MENU in main menu
10.1 Air supply quality
10.2 Fitting replacement filter plug kit
11. Default values and program settings
12. Glossary of
display data
12.1 Main menu display functions
12.2 Sub-menu display functions
13. Certification
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
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2. Safety information
2.1 General requirements
The flawless and safe operation of the SP200 positioners is reliant on proper
transportation, storage, installation and commissioning by qualified personnel, proper
use and careful maintenance.
Prior to installing, using or maintaining the positioner, consideration should be given to:
-
The working environment.
Safe access.
Lighting.
Pipeline fluid hazards.
Temperature.
System isolation.
Location.
The SP200 positioner should be mounted with sufficient space to allow opening of
the hinged cover and to provide access for electrical and air connections. When
fitting to an actuator, ensure that the positioner will not be exposed to an ambient
temperature outside the range of -10°C to +80°C. The positioner enclosure is rated
to IP65 (see BS EN 60534-1 1998).
2.2 Electrical safety requirements
The SP200 is a class III product which must only be powered from Safe Extra Low
Voltage (SELV) sources whether by virtue of a 4 - 20 mA control signal or from a
separate power supply. Similarly all signal circuits connected to an options board must
operate within the confines of SELV systems. All associated wiring must be separated
from other wiring containing hazardous voltages.
2.3 Electromagnetic compatibility
The product complies with the Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive 89 / 336 EEC
by meeting standards EN 5008-1 (Emissions) and EN 50082-2 (Industrial Immunity).
This product may be affected by interference above the limits within EN 50082-2 if:
-
The product or its wiring is located near a radio transmitter. The actual separation
necessary will vary according to the power of the transmitter.
-
Cellular telephones or mobile radios are used within approximately one metre of
the product or its wiring.
-
The wiring is routed alongside power cables subject to high voltage transients or
current surges.
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IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
2.4 Installation for hazardous areas and certification
- General information
SP200 Smart Positioner is available for Intrinsic Safety applications, model identification
is SP200is.
In case of use in hazardous areas with danger of explosion, it must be verified that the
identified type of positioner fits for the classification of the zone and for the presence of
flammable substances in the plant.
Model SP200is is certified by EC-type Examination Certificate N. IMQ 07 ATEX 011- EC
Directive ATEX 94/9/CE with following classification:
II 2GD
and protective system:
Ex ia IIC T6 / Ex iaD 21 T85°C (Tamb –20/+40°C)
Ex ia IIC T5 / Ex iaD 21 T100°C (Tamb –20/+65°C)
Ex ia IIC T4 / Ex iaD 21 T135°C (Tamb –20/+80°C)
2.4.1 Safety data definitions
Group II: surface plants
Category 2: fit for zone 1 Gases – zone 21 Dusts: an area in which an explosive mixture is
likely to occur in normal operation
G (Gas): fit for explosive gases
D (Dust): fit for flammable dusts
Protection system (Intrinsic Safety):
Ex ia for Gases
Ex iaD for Dusts
IIC : gas group IIC including Hydrogen and Acetylene
Temperature classification T6 (Maximum surface temperature = 85°C)
Temperature classification T5 (Maximum surface temperature = 100°C)
Temperature classification T4 (Maximum surface temperature = 135°C)
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
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2.4.2 Electrical connections for IS.
For installation in classified areas it is necessary to foresee the use of certified associated
apparatuses (e.g. safety barriers), with output electrical characteristics compatible with
the maximum input parameters (ref. to Name-plate) of the certified SP200is positioner:
Electrical input parameter of SP200is
Circuit
Ui(V)
Ii (mA)
Pi(mW)
Ci(nF)
Li(mH)
Supply
30
100
650
2
-
Switch 1&2
15
25
65
12
-
Retransmit
30
100
650
15
-
Evaluation of the system constituted by the associated apparatus, SP200is positioner
and connection cables must be done by experienced personnel only and must match the
requisite of the standard EN 60079-25 for intrinsically safe systems.
In Section 6 there is an example drawing of electrical connections for Intrinsically Safe
applications.
A drawing of the Name-plate is shown below
A copy of EC-Type ATEX Certificate is in 'Section 13 - Certification'.
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IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
3. Technical information
3.1 Description
The SP200 smart valve positioner is loop powered from a 4 - 20 mA input signal to provide
accurate adaptive positional control of pneumatic actuated linear and quarter turn valves.
Precise control is maintained through valve position feedback that automatically varies the
pneumatic output pressure to overcome the effects of stem friction and flow forces to maintain
desired valve position. Indication of valve position is provided through a continuous digital
display of % travel. Valve position feedback is retrieved by means of a non contact technology
based on Hall effect. Therefore, high resolution, high reliability and vibration insensitivity are
guaranteed.
The SP200 includes many smart functions that can be fully programmed through menu driven
software using an integral keypad and LCD alphanumeric data. Valve commissioning is
simplified through an autostroke routine and display of programming status, software travel
switch status, mA input signal and valve diagnostics data. Moreover, the absence of mechanical
linkages between valve stem and positioner, drastically simplifies the mounting procedure and
reduces the time required. The SP200 is supplied with a NAMUR standard mounting kit for
attachment to yoke or pillar mounted actuators. For quarter turn valves, a mounting kit
compliant to VDI / VDE 3845 is supplied.
1
13 2 11
10
3
12
Fig. 1
4
5
6
7
8
9
No.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Part
indicating all OK. (! indicates an error)
Main menu functions with LCD flag indication
Signal pressure to actuator
Gland connection for wiring Pg 13.5
Terminal block
Increase value or toggle value key
Decrease value or toggle value key
Enter key
Supply pressure to positioner
10.
Optional pressure gauge block with gauges 2 gauges for single action, 3 gauges for double action version
11.
12.
13.
Display of programming data, mA input signal and % travel
Spare Pg 13.5 gland connection for wiring 4-20 mA retransmission or software switches
Status of software configured travel switches.
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
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3.2 Technical data
Input signal range
4 - 20 mA nominal
Minimum input signal (loop powered)
3.6 mA
Minimum air supply pressure
1.0 bar g above maximum spring range pressure
(Note: For the PN5120 actuator, the supply air pressure should be set at 1.5 bar g)
Maximum air supply pressure
6.0 bar g
Air supply must be dry, oil and dust free to
Air quality
ISO 8573-1 class 2:3:1
Output pressure
0 to 100% supply pressure
Linear valves
10 mm to 100 mm
Stroke range
Quarter turn valves
5° to 120°
Single action / fail vent
Action
Double action / fail vent output 1, fill output 2
Operating temperature
-10°C to +80°C
4.2 normal m3/h at 1.4 bar g or
Maximum air flow
8.5 normal m3/h at 6 bar g
Steady state air consumption
Less than 0.035 normal m3/h
Air connections
Screwed ¼" NPT
Cable gland
Pg 13.5
Electrical connections
Spring clamp terminals for 0.2 to 1.5 mm² wire
Enclosure rating
IP65
Linear, Equal % (ratio 1:50) or
Characteristic
Fast opening (ratio 50:1)
Resolution (maximum)
0.1% F.S.
Shipping weight
3.2 kg
3.3 Materials
Part
Case and cover
Magnet bracket
Material
Die cast aluminium
Die cast aluminium
Finish
Anti-corrosive paint to RAL5010
3.4 Model SP200is – ATEX certification
EC-type Certificate N. . IMQ 07 ATEX 011
II 2GD
Classification
Ex ia IIC T6 / Ex iaD 21 T85°C (Tamb -20 to +40°C)
Ex ia IIC T5 / Ex iaD 21 T100°C (Tamb -20 to +65°C)
Ex ia IIC T4 / Ex iaD 21 T135°C (Tamb -20 to +80°C)
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IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
3.5 Programmable functions
Autostroke
Valve type
% travel
Control action
Travel limits
Displayed travel %
Signal span
Dead-band
Tight shut-off
Characteristic
Travel time
Travel switches
Reset
Calibrate
Input signal
Auto operation / vent
Data logging
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
Automatic commissioning routine
2-port or 3-port
Selectable 0 to 100% or 100% to 0%
depending on valve / actuator configuration
Direct or reverse action (4 - 20 or 20 - 4 mA)
Setting of minimum and maximum travel limits
(valve open and valve close % travel)
0 - 100% displayed over mechanical travel limits or
MIN-T / MAX-T adjusted settings
4 - 20 mA or split ranged (minimum span 4 mA)
Positional accuracy (minimum 0.2% to max. 10% of valve travel)
Fully vent or inflate at preset input signals
Linear, = % or fast opening input signal to valve travel relationship
Slows down valve opening or closing
Software travel switch setting (range 0 - 100%)
Resets all programmed values to default settings
Centering
Visualisation of input mA signal
Option of automatic operation or
vent (actuator) whilst reprogramming
Diagnostic record of total number of valve strokes
and completed hours run time
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4. Options
4.1 Pressure gauge block
An optional pressure gauge block (Figure 2) can be fitted onto the SP200 positioner
which includes two pressure gauges indicating air supply pressure and output air signal
pressure to the actuator. For double action valves the gauge block includes 3 pressure gauges
indicating: air supply pressure, output 1 air signal and output 2 air signal. The pressure gauge
block can be retrospectively fitted using 2 off M5 Allen screws. Ensure that the gauge block
air connection 'O' rings are correctly located before tightening.
Optional
pressure gauge block
Fig. 2
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IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
5. Installation
5.1 Mounting the SP200 positioner - General information
Preliminary check of valve and actuator assembly - A preliminary check should be carried
out on the valve and actuator assembly prior to mounting and commissioning the SP200
positioner to confirm smooth movement of the stem. This can be performed by providing an air
supply directly from a filter / regulator to the actuator. The air supply pressure should be
gradually increased to progressively move the stem through its full travel. Any friction or jerky
movement of the stem should be investigated prior to commissioning the SP200.
5.1.1 The SP200 is supplied with a NAMUR standard fixing kit for linear actuators (yoke or
pillar) or with a VDI / VDE 3845 compliant mounting kit for rotary actuators.
5.1.2 Permitted and forbidden mounting positions
The SP200 will not work if mounted on its side or upside down. The positions marked
with an “X” are not allowed. In case this cannot be avoided, please contact Spirax Sarco.
It is possible to ask for a special calibration when you place the order. In this case the
positioner shall be mounted only in the chosen position..
Fig. 3 SP200 mounting
5.1.3 The SP200 has an enclosure rating of IP65 and should be installed in a location that will
not exceed its ambient temperature limits of -10°C minimum and +80°C maximum.
5.1.4 Before fitting and commissioning the SP200 positioner ensure that the valve and actuator
are correctly assembled. Refer to the valve and actuator Installation and Maintenance
Instructions for details.
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
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5.2 Sequence for mounting an SP200 positioner to a
linear actuator
2
Fig. 4 Pillar mounting kit for a linear actuator
5.2.1 Loosely attach the magnet bracket (2) to the valve / actuator connector (refer to
Figures 4 and 5). Be sure it is positioned horizontally (as shown in Figure 5).
Fig. 5
Yoke mounting
assembly for a
linear actuator
12
2
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
Assembled
2
Fig. 6
5.2.2 Slide the bracket (2) to the left or to the right (Figure 6) till the correct position is
achieved. If you’re using a Spirax Sarco actuator the correct position is impressed
on the magnet bracket (Figure 7).
PN9000
PN1000
Fig. 7 Bracket markings
5.2.3 If you’re not using a Spirax Sarco actuator, slide the bracket till the distance 'A'
between the center of the magnet and the inner side of the mounting plate is 25 mm
(Figure 8).
Mounting plate
Bracket
Fig. 8
A
Distance between the mounting plate and magnet
Center
of the
magnet
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
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5.2.4 Loosely attach the positioner mounting plate to the actuator as shown in the following
pictures: for the pillar actuator (Figure 9), and for the yoke actuator (Figure 10).
Mounting plate
Pillar actuator
Assembled
Fig. 9 Pillar actuator assembly
Mounting plate
Assembled
Yoke actuator
Fig.10 Yoke actuator assembly
5.2.5 Locate the protection plate onto the back of the SP200 positioner housing and fix in
place (Figure 11).
Protection plate
Assembled
Fig. 11
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IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
5.2.6 Attach the positioner mounting plate to the positioner as shown in Figure 12.
Assembled
Protection plate
5
Attach
the
mounting
plate
Fig. 12
5.2.7
Adjust the vertical position of the SP200 positioner and
mounting plate assembly, by sliding it up or down on
the pillar style actuators, ensuring that the positioner is
roughly centred on the actuator / valve stroke (Figure 10).
Even if this is the ideal condition, it’s not mandatory. In
fact, as shown in Figure 13, the only necessary condition
for correct operation is that the stroke of the magnet
(dimension B) lay inside the sensor operating linear range
(dimension A), i.e. the vertical dimension marked on the
case of the positioner.
5.2.8
When the SP200 positioner and mounting
plate assembly is correctly positioned,
tighten the hexagon headed screw (5) on
the yoke mounted actuator (Figure 12) to
10 - 12 N m and tighten the 'U'bolt nuts (6)
on the pillar mounted actuators (Figure 14)
to 10 - 12 N m.
SP200 positoner
B
A
6
Fig. 14
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
Fig. 13
15
5.3 Sequence for mounting an SP200 positioner to a
rotary actuator
5.3.1 Assembly for fitting an SP200 on to a ¼ turn valve.
Fig. 15 Mounting kit
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Fig. 16
Fig. 17
Fig. 18
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
17
Fig. 19
Assembled
Fig. 20
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5.3.2
Adjust the magnet orientation as illustrated in Figures 21 and 22 and tighten the bolt to
fix the magnet into position. There should be a distance of between 5 and 14 mm between
the magnet and the positioner.
Refer to Figure 21 for actuator with clockwise rotation.
Refer to Figure 22 for actuator with anti-clockwise rotation.
In fact, in this way the magnet movements will always be comprised in the sector between
the directions C and D which delimit the operating area of the Hall sensor.
D
B
15°
90°
120°
A
15°
C
Fig. 21 View from the bottom of the positioner - Magnet orientation for clockwise
actuator.
D
B
15°
90°
120°
A
15°
C
Fig. 22 View from bottom of the positioner - Magnet orientation for anti-clockwise
actuator.
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
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5.4 Air supply and connections
WARNING: Supply air pressure must not exceed the maximum allowable air pressure of
the actuator. Air connections should be ¼" NPT for air supply (supply) and output signal to
actuator (output 1 and output 2 for double action applications) as shown in Figure 23. The
supply air should be between 1.4 bar g minimum and 6 bar g maximum and be oil and dust
free to IEC 60770. Mains air supply may sometimes contain traces of dirt, rust, water, oil
and other deposits with the potential for contaminating the internals of the positioner. It is
therefore essential that a filter / regulator is fitted in the mains air supply to the positioner.
The filter / regulator should have a coalescing filter such as a Spirax Sarco type MPC2, or
suitable compressed air pipework is used.
¼" NPT air signal to
actuator (output 1)
Fig. 23
20
¼" NPT air supply (supply)
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
6. Electrical connections
6.1 Guidance notes on wiring installation
For heavy industrial applications it is recommended to use screened cables or signal cables
run in metal conduit. Failure to do so could result in positional errors of up to ±5% in an
RF field excess of 10 V/m. If screened cables are used, ensure that the screen is connected to
the local earth at one end with a connection resistance of less than 1 ohm.
For light industrial applications where RF fields do not exceed 3 V/m unscreened cables
may be used.
Cabling should be installed in accordance with BS 6739 - Instrumentation in Process Control
Systems: Installation design and practice or local equivalent.
6.2 Wiring diagrams
6.2.1 Single loop applications
(see Section 6.2.2 for Multi-loop applications)
The SP200 is loop powered using the 4 - 20 mA input signal source providing a
minimum signal of 3.6 mA can be maintained.
Minimum current = 3.6 mA
Maximum current = 30 mA
Voltage drop
= 10.6 V @ 20 mA
Fig. 24
5
6
+
-
4 - 20 mA signal
6.2.2 Multi-loop applications
Loop powered multi-positioner connections
In a loop powered application, the 4 - 20 mA signal must be capable of supplying
a minimum of 10.6 V per positioner at 20 mA. In a split range application the
signal source loop must be capable of supplying sufficient voltage, i.e. 22 V are enough
to power 2 positioners (Figure 16).
Positioner 1
5
Fig. 25
4 - 20 mA signal
@ 22 V minimum
6
Positioner 2
5
6
+
-
In terms of impedance, this means that in split range application, the load in the
loop at 20 mA is 1060 Ohm. The impedance of a single SP200 is 530 Ohm at 20 mA.
A typical controller might not be able to drive such a impedance load, hence a different
approach is required.
A 4-20 mA current splitter can provide a solution to this problem for further information
please contact Spirax Sarco.
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
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6.2.3 Travel switches-
and 4-20 mA retransmission wiring digrams
2 k
1
22 k
Travel switches 1
2
2 k
3
22 k
Travel switches 2
4
Fig. 26 Software switches
Example of customers external application wiring.
�������
4 - 20 mA
retransmit
��������
������
���������
���������
������
������ -
Fig. 27 4 - 20 mA retransmit
Table 1
Ratings
TS1 travel switch
TS2 travel switch
4 - 20 mA
22
Supply
18 - 30 Vdc
18 - 30 Vdc
8 - 30 Vdc
Impedance
1.8 k
1.8 k
-
On current
13 mA
13 mA
-
Off current
1 mA @ 24 V
1 mA @ 24 V
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
6.2.4 Wiring for instrinsic safe applications
Safe
area
Hazardous
area
Switch 1 and 2
Digital outputs
1
2
3
Travel switches
4
Barrier (a)
4 - 20 mA
Supply
5
6
Signal
Barrier (b)
4 - 20 mA
4 - 20 mA
retransmit
7
8
Position
transmitter
Barrier (c)
Fig. 28 Example of electrical connections for Intrinsically Safe applications
Output parameter for Barrier (b) and (c) Uo
Output parameter for Barrier (a) Uo
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
30 V, Io
15 V, Io
100 mA, Po
25 mA, Po
650 mW
65 mW
23
7. Quick start procedure
7.1
2-port valves
The following applies to positioners fitted to 2-port valves having plug above the seat and
fitted to pneumatic actuators having a direct acting (DIR) 4 - 20 mA input signal and excludes
the setting of any additional program functions (i.e. default value only).
Note: For PN5100 and PN6100 series actuators an additional programming step is required.
(Refer to Section 9.5.2).
7.1.1
The positioner should be correctly assembled as described in Section 5 and Section 6
and supplied with mains air and signal pipework as described in Section 5.4.
7.1.2
Provide a minimum input signal of 3.6 mA to the positioner.
SET-UP NOW should be displayed.
7.1.3
Ensure that upstream isolation valves are closed.
Press and hold key for 3 seconds to advance to SP200 MENU.
The display will count down the 3 seconds.
7.1.4
Press
7.1.5
Press and hold
7.1.6
In manual control press and hold or keys to drive the valve stem up or down.
Check for any obstructions of valve movement.
The display will indicate FILL or VENT as appropriate.
Any obstruction should be investigated before proceeding to Section 7.1.7.
7.1.7
Press
key to return to MANOP in main menu.
7.1.8
Press
key to advance to AUTOS autostroke mode.
7.1.9
Press and hold
key for 3 seconds to start the autostroke routine.
This will take approximately 2 minutes to complete.
to advance to MANOP.
key for 3 seconds to enter manual control mode MCTL.
! displayed indicates an incomplete or unsuccessful autostroke.
The routine can be aborted at any time by pressing key once.
If autostroke is aborted during operation ABORT will be displayed and
incomplete autostroke.
! to indicate
On completion the program will automatically return to AUTOS in main menu.
A
will be displayed if successful autostroke has been completed. It is now
possible to advance to RUN in main menu.
7.1.10 Press
key three times to advance to RUN in main menu.
7.1.11 Press and hold
key for 3 seconds to commence automatic operation.
The valve will move to a control position related to the input control signal.
The percentage valve travel will be displayed %.
The positioner cover can now be closed and cover screws tightened.
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IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
7.2
3-port valves (with travel setting (TRAVL) 0 - 100%, refer to Figures 27 and 28)
Proceed as above up to Section 7.1.9.
7.2.1 On completion of a successful autostroke press the
key once to advance to SET
in main menu.
7.2.2 Press
Press
key once to advance to VALVE TYPE.
key to indicate VALVE 3-PORT.
7.2.3 Press
key to select VALVE 3-PORT. Continue to press
main menu.
key to return to SET in
7.2.4 Press
key twice to advance to RUN in main menu. Proceed as described in
Section 7.1.11.
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8. Programming flow chart
Fig. 29
SET-UP
NOW
Software
version
(Ver X.XX)
From RETRN
(To SP200 MENU)
% Travel
(TRAVL
0-100% /
100-0%)
Note: SET, TUNE,
and RUN can
only be accessed
on completion
of a successful
autostroke
(AUTOS)
RETURN
(To SP200 MENU)
Mounting position
check
(CALIB)
SP200
MENU
MANOP
Manual operation
(MCTL)
Autostroke activate
(AUTOS)
AUTOS
Valve type
(VALVE 2-PORT /
VALVE 3-PORT)
Actuator type
(ACT)
Dead-band
(dBand)
Shut-off minimum
(S-MIN)
SET
TUNE
RUN
AUTO
OPERATION
(% TRAVEL)
Return to SP200
menu
(RETRN AUTO /
RETRN VENT)
26
C-CAL
(RETAIN)
(RESET)
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
Key
3 seconds enter
Enter
Clear stored
values
(RESET)
Auto return
Recall stored
values
(RETRN)
Retain temporary
values
(RTAIN)
Minimum
travel
(MIN-T)
Maximum
travel
(MAX-T)
Displayed %
travel
(DTRVL)†
Minimum
range
(MIN-R)
Maximum
range
(MAX-R)
† Only if MIN-T / MAX-T not 0 / 100%
Control action
(CTRLA)
Shut-off maximum
(S-MAX)
Characterisation
(LIN / FAST /
EQUAL)
Time to open
(T-UP)
Time to close
(T-dWN)
AUTO
OPERATION
(mA Input signal)
Stem travel
(STRVL)
Travel switch 2 (NC)
(TS2)
Travel switch 1 (NO)
(TS1)
Run time
(RTIME)
(RETAIN)
(RESET)
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
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9. Programming and commissioning
9.1
Set-up now
Programming notes
The positioner fitted to this control valve requires programming. A minimum input
signal of 3.6 mA is required to power the positioner. To program the positioner it
is necessary to enter SP200 MENU and carry out an autostroke commissioning
routine (AUTOS) prior to putting the control valve into automatic operation.
A flow chart is included in Section 8 to guide you through the procedure. The
display provides a flag indication of the active main menu function.
To enter SP200 MENU press and hold key for 3 seconds. The display will
count down the 3 seconds.
Commissioning notes
Main menu functions include:
SP200 MENU View software version, mounting position check, reset default values.
MANOP
Manual control of valve movement (Actuator inflation / deflation).
AUTOS
Automatic valve commissioning. Provides selection of % travel display.
SET
Setting of valve type, control action, travel limits and input signal span.
TUNE
Setting of deadband, tight shut-off, lift characterisation, travel time and
software switches.
RUN
Activates automatic operation plus input signal, total valve strokes and
total run time. Also provides route for returning to SP200 MENU.
Note: SET, TUNE and RUN functions are restricted and can only be accessed on completion
of a successful autostroke routine (AUTOS).
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IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
9.2 SP200 MENU
�
SET-UP
NOW
3 seconds enter
Clear stored
values
(RESET)
3 seconds enter
Software
version
(Ver X.XX)
SP200
MENU
Mounting position
check
(CALIB)
Recall stored
values
(RETRN)
Retain temporary
values
(RTAIN)
From RETRN
Fig. 30
Programming notes
You are now in SP200 MENU.
SP200 functions include:
1. Visualisation of the embedded software version (VER--).
2. Positional setting (CALIB).
3. Resetting of programmed values to default settings (RESET).
4. To retain settings in the temporary memory (RTAIN).
5. Returning to previously stored settings (RETRN).
To check the setting (CALIB) press and hold
key for 3 seconds. The display will
count down the 3 seconds. CALIB also provides access to RESET / RTAIN / RETRN
functions.
To view the embedded version of software (VER-.--) press key. To advance to manual
operation (MANOP) press key.
9.2.1 VER -.-- software version
Programming notes
To view the version of the embedded software (VER-.--) press key.
Press
key to return to SP200 MENU. The display will automatically return to
SP200 MENU after 10 seconds.
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9.2.2 CALIB - mounting position calibration
Programming notes
To access CALIB press and hold
key for 3 seconds. The display will count
down the 3 seconds. You are now in calibrate mode. The LCD shows in % the
magnet position in respect to the sensor board of the positioner, without any
offset or scale up or down.
When the LCD shows 0% the magnet is positioned near the bottom of the
positioner’s case.
At 50% the magnet will be in front of the cross impressed on the back of the
positioner.
At 100% the magnet will be roughly aligned with the top of the positioner’s
case.
Desired setting is 50% with the valve at half stroke. The and keys can be
used to manipulate the actuator inflation. In this way it is possible to check the
mounting position and if necessary change it and then check again to get the
positioner well centred.
Press
key advance to RESET / RTAIN / RETRN.
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IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
9.2.3 RETRN - RTAIN - RESET
Programming notes
Provides the facility to restore previous permanently stored values (RETRN),
to retain values stored in the temporary memory (RTAIN) or to reset all values
and
keys to select RETRN,
to factory default settings (RESET). Press
RTAIN or RESET. To advance proceed as follows:
RETRN
To cancel any temporary changes to programmed values select RETRN and
press key to return to SP200 MENU.
RTAIN
To retain temporary changes to programmed values select RTAIN and
press key to return to SP200 MENU.
RESET
Provides the facility to reset all values to factory default settings and return to
SET UP NOW. Press and hold key for 3 seconds. The display will count down
the 3 seconds.
Commissioning notes
RETRN
If changes have been made to program values they will be held in the temporary memory.
To retain changes in the permanent memory it is necessary to advance to RUN in the main
menu and press and hold key for 3 seconds. The display will count down the 3 seconds.
If you do not wish to retain temporary changes select RETRN and press key to return
to SP200 MENU.
RTAIN
If changes have been made to programmed values they will be held in the temporary memory.
If you wish to retain these changes select RTAIN and press key to return to SP200 MENU.
To retain temporary changes in the permanent memory advance to RUN in the main
menu and press and hold key for 3 seconds. The display will count down the 3 seconds.
RESET
Resetting to default values (refer to Section 9 for default values) should be used if it is intended
to use the positioner on a different control valve. If the SP200 positioner has been moved
on its mounting or is to be fitted on a different control valve it will be necessary to undertake
a new autostroke (AUTOS).
RESET to factory default settings can also be used if it is required to recommission the valve.
To reset to factory default values select RESET and press and hold
The display will count down the 3 seconds.
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
key for 3 seconds.
31
9.3 MANOP
3 second enter
MANOP
Manual operation
(MCTL)
C-CAL
Fig. 31
Programming notes
Press and hold
key for 3 seconds to enter manual control mode (MCTL).
The display will count down the 3 seconds.
Press the
key to enter the current calibration mode (C-CAL). Press
return to MANOP.
In MANOP press
to
key to advance to autostroke (AUTOS).
Commissioning notes
Before initiating an autostroke commissioning (AUTOS) use manual control (MCTL) to
manually fully inflate and deflate the actuator to ensure there are no obstructions to the full
valve travel movement.
Manual control is also useful during normal operation to manually control the valve position
as a commissioning aid or in the event of input signal failure.
9.3.1 MCTL - manual control
Programming notes
Manual control enables the actuator to be manually inflated or deflated.
Press
key to inflate actuator and
key to deflate the actuator. Press and
hold or key to accelerate action.
Prior to undertaking an AUTOS the display will indicate FILL or VENT.
On completion of AUTOS the display will indicate % valve travel.
Manual control (MCTRL) - Tight shut-off function
Press and hold the key to drive the valve to its closed position. At 0% travel the
! will flash to indicate limit of travel. To initiate tight shut-off release the key and
press again. The actuator will be vented of air to provide dead tight shut-off.
This also applies to the 100% valve position by pressing and releasing the key
and pressing again to inflate the actuator to provide dead tight shut-off.
Manual control (MCTRL) - Travel limits
When operating in manual control any travel limit settings will be overridden
therefore it is possible to manual position the valve through its full 0 to 100%
travel as measured in autostroke (AUTOS).
Commissioning notes
Before initiating an autostroke commissioning routine (AUTOS) the actuator should be
manually fully inflated and deflated to ensure there are no obstructions to the full valve travel
movement.
Manual control is also useful during normal operation to manually control the valve position
as a commissioning aid or in the event of input signal failure.
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IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
9.3.2 C-CAL - current calibration
Programming notes
C-Cal provides a simple way to make a fine calibration of the input current signal
(4 - 20 mA).
To perform the calibration:
1. Enter C-CAL and press the key, then press the
2. Generate a 4 mA input signal and press
3. Generate a 12 mA input signal and press
4. Generate a 20 mA input signal and press
key.
If 'ERROR' is displayed the calibration routine is aborted. The value of the
generated signal is too far from the expected one. Be sure that a 4 mA, 12 mA or
20 mA signal is generated as required. Press
to return to C-CAL.
If 'OK' is displayed the calibration has succeeded. Press
to return to C-CAL.
Where possible current calibration should be overtaken, to guarantee a perfect match
between the input current generated and the reading of the SP200.
Let’s assume that the table below show the input signal generated by a PLC or DCS
versus the input signal read by the SP200.
Setpoint
Input current from PLC
0%
3.8 mA
Current read from SP200
3.8 mA
50%
12 mA
12.2 mA
100%
20 mA
20.2 mA
Hence when the setpoint is 0% the PLC generates a 3.8 mA instead of 4 mA.
After C-CAL is executed the SP200 recalibrates the current read to compensate the
error.
Setpoint
Input current from PLC
0%
3.8 mA
Current read from SP200
4 mA
50%
12 mA
12 mA
100%
20 mA
20 mA
In this way a perfect match is achieved between the setpoint of the PLC and the setpoint
of the of the SP200 (i.e. the input current read by the SP200).
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9.4
AUTOS
- automatic autostroke commissioning
% Travel
(TRAVL
0-100% /
100-0%)
AUTOS
3 second
Autostroke activate
enter
(AUTOS)
Fig. 32
Programming notes
AUTOS provides access to:
1. Autostroke commissioning (AUTOS).
2. % travel display (TRAVL).
AUTOS
Autostroke provides an automatic commissioning routine which will take
approximately 1 to 3 minutes to complete.
Press and hold key for 3 seconds to start autostroke. The display will count
down the 3 seconds. When autostroke is active a flashing AUTOS message
will be displayed.
On completion of a successful autostroke the programme will automatically
return to AUTOS in the main menu and a
will be displayed. In the event of
an unsuccessful autostroke routine a flashing ! will be displayed.
If during AUTOS inconsistent data is obtained due to mechanical problems, the
autostroke procedure will be terminated and ABORT will be displayed.
It is also possible to immediately abort during an autostroke routine by pressing
the
key. ABORT will be displayed together with a flashing !.
Error messages:
ERROR 1 Indicates a wrong mechanical coupling between positioner and
actuator. Check the mounting is correct.
ERROR 2 Indicates that there is insufficient air pressure to achieve valve
movement. Check that the air supply is adequate to overcome the actuator
spring force. Fitting of a gauge block will aid the commissioning procedure.
ERROR 3 Indicates that the actuator will not deflate. Check that there is
no obstruction preventing the stem travel or air venting from the actuator.
ERROR 4 indicates that the stroke measured is less than the minimum
stroke allowed - 10 mm for linear valves, and 5° for quarter turn valves
(output 1 and output 2 for double action applications).
ABORT indicates mechanical problems have occurred during the Autostroke
procedure or the
key has been pressed during Autostroke to abort the
procedure.
On completion of a successful autostroke it will be possible to advance to
SET, TUNE and RUN functions in the main menu. Press the key to advance
to these functions.
Commissioning notes
Prior to undertaking an autostroke routine, manual operation should be used to fully
inflate and deflate the actuator to ensure there are no obstructions to the full valve
movement. Autostroke is an automatic commissioning routine that checks for maximum
valve travel, signal response, valve characteristics, inflation / deflation times etc. Data
gathered will be automatically download into the embedded software to ensure optimum
performance of the valve / actuator combination.
Autostroke commissioning will take approximately 1 to 3 minutes to complete
depending on air pressure and actuator size etc.
Autostroke commissioning must be carried out on start-up or at any other time if the
valve performance is not satisfactory.
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IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
9.4.1 TRAVL - % travel display
Programming notes
Press key to access TRAVL.
Provides selection of % valve travel display with option of 0 - 100% or 100 - 0%.
Default is 0 - 100%.
Use and keys to toggle selection.
Press key to return to AUTOS.
Commissioning notes
The selection of % valve travel display depends on the valve and actuator configuration.
Figures 33 to 36 (pages 35 and 36), and Figures 37 and 38 (page 37) provide guidance on
selection. After completion of AUTOS if a change is made to TRAVL it will be necessary to
initiate an AUTOS routine once again.
Display = 0%
Display = 100%
Fig. 33 2-port valve normally closed - TRAVL setting = 0 to 100%
Display = 0%
Display = 100%
Fig. 34 2-port valve normally open - TRAVL setting = 0 to 100%
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
35
Display = 100%
Display = 0%
Fig. 35 2-port valve normally open - TRAVL setting = 100% to 0%
Display = 100%
Display = 0%
Fig. 36 2-port valve normally closed - TRAVL setting = 100% to 0%
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IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
100%
100%
0%
0%
TRAVEL setting = 0 to 100%
DISPLAY = 0%
TRAVEL setting = 0 to 100%
DISPLAY = 100%
TRAVL setting = 100 to 0%
DISPLAY = 100%
TRAVL setting = 100 to 0%
DISPLAY = 0%
Fig. 37 3-port valve and spring extend actuator
100%
100%
0%
0%
TRAVEL setting = 0 to 100%
DISPLAY = 0%
TRAVEL setting = 0 to 100%
DISPLAY = 100%
TRAVL setting = 100 to 0%
DISPLAY = 100%
TRAVL setting = 100 to 0%
DISPLAY = 0%
Fig. 38 3-port valve and spring retract actuator
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
37
9.5
SET - setting of valve functions
SET
Valve type
(VALVE 2-PORT /
VALVE 3-PORT)
Actuator type
(ACT)
Maximum range
(MAX-R)
Control action
(CTRLA)
Minimum range
(MIN-R)
Minimum travel
(MIN-T)
Displayed %
travel
(DTRVL)†
Maximum travel
(MAX-T)
† Only if MIN-T / MAX-T not 0 / 100%
Fig. 39
Programming notes
Provides access to basic valve set up functions. Press
SET functions.
Functions include:
- Valve type
- Actuator type
- Control action
- Minimum travel setting
- Maximum travel setting
- Displayed % travel
- Minimum span range
- Maximum span range
(2-port or 3-port)
(on / off)
(direct or reverse)
(0 to 66.66%)
(33.3 to 100%)
(on / off)
(input mA signal)
(input mA signal)
key to scroll round all
(VALVE)
(ACT)
(CTRLA)
(MIN-T)
(MAX–T)
(DTRVL)
(MIN-R)
(MAX-R)
Press key to advance to valve type (VALVE). Repeat pressing of
scroll round all SET functions.
Press
key will
key to advance to TUNE in the main menu.
Commissioning notes
Each SET function has a default value as listed in the Installation and Maintenance
Instructions. Default values are based on a 2-port normally closed valve having maximum
95% lift and an input signal span range 4 - 20 mA.
SET values should be adjusted to suit the valve type (2-port or 3-port) and application.
Functions include the facility to change the control action, limit the full travel of the valve
plug (minimum and maximum) and to split range the input signal.
More detailed information is provided for each SET function.
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IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
9.5.1 VALVE - valve type
Programming notes
Provides selection between 2-port and 3-port valves. Default is 2-port valve.
Default values for travel limit settings (MIN-T and MAX-T) and early vent /
inflate settings (S-MIN and S-MAX) will depend on the valve type (2-port or
3-port) and control action (direct or reverse) as follows:
Valve type
Display
MIN-T
MAX-T
S-MIN
S-MAX
2-port
Direct
0%
95%
0.1%
OFF
Reverse
0%
95%
OFF
0.1%
Use
and
keys to select type. Press
advance to actuator type (ACT).
3-port
Direct
0%
100
0.1%
0.1%
Reverse
0%
100%
0.1%
0.1%
key to accept displayed type and
Commissioning notes
Selection of 2-port or 3-port valves will automatically alter the maximum travel default
value (MAX-T) to 95% for 2-port and 100% for 3-port valves. Advance to MAX-T to change
these values if required.
9.5.2 ACT - actuator type
Programming notes
ACT selection is useful to avoid hunting using small actuators like PN5100, PN6100,
PN9100 or PN9200 series. Selection is 'ON' or 'OFF'. Default value is 'OFF'.
Use the and keys to toggle selection. Press key to accept displayed value and
advance to Control action (CTRLA).
Selection options:
'OFF' Any pneumatic actuator except when hunting is evident.
'ON' Any small actuator like PN5100, PN6100, PN9100 or PN9200.
Commissioning notes
Selection of 'ON' automatically adjusts certain programming values to obtain optimum
performance for small actuator like type PN5100, PN6100, PN9100 or PN9200 series.
ACT doesn’t modify parameters set by other functions of the programming menu.
When 'ACT' is ON there could be a light speed slow down approaching to the target
position.
This behaviour doesn’ t influence SP200 performance and guarantee a positioning without
hunting.
If a residual hunting or oscillation is present it is possible to operate changing Deadband
(dBAND), Valve opening time (T-UP), Valve closing time (T-dWN).
If 'ACT' is 'OFF' standard control values found during Autostroke will be used.
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
39
9.5.3 CTRLA - direct or reverse control action
Programming notes
Provides selection of direct (dIRCT) (4 - 20 mA) or reversed (REV) (20 - 4 mA)
valve positioning control action. Press and keys to select desired action.
Default action is dIRCT.
Default values for travel limit settings (MIN-T and MAX-T) and early shut-off
vent / inflate settings (S-MIN and S-MAX) will depend on the valve type (2-port
or 3-port) and control action (direct or reverse) as follows:
DIR - direct action
Display
MIN-T
MAX-T
S-MIN
S-MAX
2-port
0%
95%
0.1%
OFF
3-port
0%
100%
0.1%
0.1%
REV - reverse action
Display
MIN-T
MAX-T
S-MIN
S-MAX
2-port
0%
95%
OFF
0.1%
3-port
0%
100%
0.1%
0.1%
Press
key to accept the displayed action and advance to minimum travel
setting (MIN–T).
Commissioning notes
g
tin
lif
em
st
Valve plug position
g
llin
fa
lv
e
em
st
Va
e
lv
40
Va
Valve plug position
Selection of direct or reverse action changes the direct of valve plug movement relative
to the input signal. Refer to Figures 40 and 41, and the table shown in Figure 42 for further
guidance.
mA
Increasing input signal
mA
Increasing input signal
Fig. 40 Direct action (DIR)
Fig. 41 Reverse action (REV)
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
Fig. 42 CTRL Control Action dIRCT or REV setting guidance
Installed orientation
At-rest position
Control action
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100%
(TRAVL)
0 - 100%
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(TRAVL)
100 - 0%
Manual Selection
of required % travel
(TRAVL)
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
100%
Automatic determintation
Spring action only affects
the rest or fail-safe position
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Manual Selection of required
Control Action
(CTRLA)
41
9.5.4 MIN-T - minimum travel setting
Programming notes
Enables the minimum valve travel to be set as a percentage of the maximum
travel obtained during autostroke. Maximum setting is MAX-T less 33.3%.
Default value is 0%.
Use
and
keys to alter the displayed value. Press
key to accept the
displayed value and advance to the maximum travel setting (MAX-T).
Commissioning notes
Minimum travel should be used where a minimum flowrate is required to be maintained
through the valve, (i.e. a cooling water application). Setting a minimum travel % value will
prevent the valve fully closing.
The input signal span range set (MIN-R) and (MAX-R) will operate over the travel limits
set. If a value for MIN–T is set it will exclude the setting of shut-off minimum (S-MIN) for
control action direct (DIR) and shut-off maximum (S-MAX) for control action reverse (REV).
9.5.5 MAX-T - maximum travel setting
Programming notes
Enables the maximum valve travel to be set as a percentage of the maximum travel
measured during autostroke. Minimum setting is MIN-T plus 33.3%.
Default values will depend on the selection of valve type (2-port or 3-port) and
control action (direct or reverse) as follows:
Valve type
Direct
Reverse
2-port
95%
95%
3-port
100%
100%
Use and keys to adjust the displayed value. Press
value and advance to the next function.
key to accept displayed
Commissioning notes
The maximum valve travel percentage should be used to prevent a control valve fully opening.
This is useful for applications where the valve is oversized or to restrict the maximum flowrate
through the valve.
On 2-port valves the default value is 95% to prevent the back of the plug hitting the bonnet.
On 3-port valves to ensure shut-off on both seats a 100% setting is required.
The input signal span range set (MIN-R) and (MAX-R) will operate over the travel limits set.
If a value for MAX-T is set it will exclude the setting of shut-off maximum (S-MAX) for direct
action (DIR) and shut-off minimum control action (S-MIN) for reverse action (REV).
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IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
9.5.6 DTRVL - displayed travel percentage
Programming notes
The full mechanical limits of valve travel (0 to 100%) are measured during
autostroke (AUTOS).
It is possible to limit the minimum and maximum valve travel by programming
MIN-T and MAX-T values, i.e. MAX-T maximum travel limit of 95% (Autostroke
default value for 2-port valves).
DTRVL (0 to 100% displayed travel value) can be displayed over the actual
mechanical travel limits (as measured during Autostroke), or adjusted MIN-T
and MAX-T travel settings.
DTRVL programming options
DTRVL - ON will display 0 to 100% over the MIN-T and MAX-T travel settings,
or,
DTRVL - OFF will display 0 to 100% over the actual mechanical limits of travel.
Default value is DTRVL - ON. Use
and
keys to toggle selection.
Press key to accept displayed 'ON' or 'OFF' option and advance to minimum
range setting (MIN-R).
Examples
Example 1
Example 2
MAX-T = 95%
MAX-T = 95%
MIN-T = 5%
MIN-T = 0%
Display values
Display values
DTRVL - ON
DTRVL - OFF
DTRVL - ON
DTRVL - OFF
100%
95%
100%
95%
0%
0%
0%
5%
Commissioning notes
DTRVL provides the choice of travel display. For 2-port valves you can adjust the MAX-T
setting to achieve the actual desired valve lift (i.e. 20 mm or 30 mm, etc). Using DTRVL you
can then choose to display the MAX-T valve travel you have set as 100%.
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
43
9.5.7 MIN-R - minimum signal span range
Programming notes
Enables the minimum mA input signal span range to be set. The value set will
correspond to the minimum travel setting. Default value is 4 mA.
Use
and
keys to alter the displayed value. Minimum difference between
MIN-R and MAX-R is 4 mA.
Press key to accept the displayed value and advance to the maximum mA
input span range (MAX-R).
Commissioning notes
This function can be used to set split range applications i.e. 4 - 12 mA or 12 - 20 mA.
To ensure tight shut-off refer to Section 9.6.2 S-MIN, page 46.
9.5.8 MAX-R - maximum signal span range
Programming notes
Enables the maximum mA input signal span range to be set. The value set will
correspond to the maximum travel setting. Default value is 20 mA.
Use
and
keys to alter the displayed value. Minimum difference between
MIN-R and MAX-R is 4 mA.
Press
key to accept the displayed value and return to SET in the main
menu.
Commissioning notes
This function can be used to easily set split range applications i.e. 4 - 12 mA or 12 - 20 mA.
To ensure tight shut-off refer to Section 9.6.3 S-MAX, page 47.
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IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
9.6 TUNE - setting of valve tune functions
TUNE
Dead-band
(dBand)
Shut-off minimum
(S-MIN)
Travel switch 2
(TS2)
Normally closed
Shut-off maximum
(S-MAX)
Travel switch 1
(TS1)
Normally open
Characterisation
(LIN / FAST /
EQUAL)
Time to close
(T-dWN)
Time to open
(T-UP)
Fig. 42
Provides access to more advanced valve tuning functions including:
- Dead-band
(valve positioning sensitivity) (dBANd)
- Shut-off minimum
(ensures tight closure)
(S-MIN)
- Shut-off maximum
(ensures tight closure)
(S-MAX)
- Characterisation
(signal / lift relationship)
(CHAR)
- Time open
(slows down valve opening) (T-UP)
- Time close
(slows down valve closure) (T-dWN)
- Travel switch 1 normally open (sets software travel switch) (TS1)
- Travel switch 2 normally closed (sets software travel switch) (TS2)
Programming notes
Press key to advance to deadband (dBANd). Repeated pressing of key
will scroll round all TUNE functions. If you do not wish to alter TUNE default
values press key to advance to RUN in the main menu.
Commissioning notes
Each TUNE function has a default value as listed in the Installation and Maintenance
Instructions. Default values are based on a 2-port normally closed valve having maximum
95% lift and an input signal span range 4 - 20 mA.
TUNE values should be adjusted to suit the valve type and application. Functions include:
1. The facility to alter deadband positioning sensitivity (to dampen out signal fluctuations).
2. Setting input signal to achieve tight shut-off (inflation and deflation of actuator).
3. Relationship between valve lift to input signal.
4. Slowing down the valve open or closing time duration.
5. Setting the switching position for the software travel switches.
More detailed information is provided for each TUNE function.
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
45
9.6.1 dbANd - deadband setting (positional sensitivity)
Programming notes
Dead-band provides adjustment of the valve positioning sensitivity relative to
the input signal and is expressed as a % of the input signal span.
Default value based on a 4 - 20 mA input signal span is 0.5% with a minimum
setting of 0.2%. Note: 3% may be displayed if ACT is set to 'ON'. Refer to
Section 9.5.2, page 39.
These values may change if the input signal span is reduced i.e. for a 4 mA input
signal span the default and minimum setting is 0.8%.
The maximum setting is 10% of the input signal span.
and
keys. Press key to accept the
To alter the displayed value press
displayed value and advance to the shut-off minimum (S-MIN).
Commissioning notes
Setting a narrow deadband may induce oscillations of valve movement caused by fluctuations
in the input signal, high stem friction or operating at low ambient temperatures below 0°C.
Setting a wider deadband will dampen out oscillations but may cause an inaccuracy in actual
valve position. This effect will increase if valve travel is limited. It is normally recommended
that the default value is used. If necessary gradually increase the % value to dampen out any
oscillations in valve movement. This may be necessary for valves having graphite packed stem
seals or smaller size actuators where typically a deadband of 4% may be required.
9.6.2 S-MIN - valve shut-off - minimum travel
Programming notes
Provides the facility to fully vent the actuator at a predetermined input signal.
The value set is a percentage of the input signal span range, i.e. setting a
value of 10% with an input span range of 4 - 20 mA (span 16 mA), will cause
the valve to close with an input signal of 5.6 mA i.e. 4 mA + 1.6 mA (10% of
16 mA). Maximum setting is 20%.
Default values will depend on the selection of valve type (2-port or 3-port)
and control action (direct or reverse) as follows:
Valve type
Direct
Reverse
2-port
0.1%
Off%
3-port
0.1%
0.1%
For direct control action (dIRCT) can only be set if MIN-T = 0% (will vent the
actuator at set value). For reverse action (REV) can only be set if MAX-T = 100%
(will inflate the actuator at set value).
Press
and
keys to alter the displayed value. Press key to accept the
displayed value and advance to shut-off maximum (S-MAX).
Commissioning notes
With an actual input signal equivalent to minimum input signal span range (MIN-R) it
may cause the valve plug to hover over the seat preventing tight closure with the possibility
of erosion damage to the plug and seat faces. Setting a shut-off value can help prevent
this by providing early closure of the valve.
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IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
9.6.3 S-MAX - valve shut-off maximum
Programming notes
Provides the facility to fully inflate the actuator at a pre-determined input signal.
The value set is a percentage of the input signal span range, i.e. setting a value
of 10% with an input span range of 4 - 20 mA (16 mA), will cause the valve
to close with an input signal of 18.4 mA i.e. 20 mA - 1.6 mA (10% of 16 mA).
Maximum setting is 20%.
Default values will depend on the selection of valve type (2-port or 3-port) and
control action (direct or reverse) as follows:
Valve type
Direct
Reverse
2-port
Off
0.1%
3-port
0.1%
0.1%
For direct action (dIRCT) can only be set if MAX-T = 100% (will inflate the
actuator at set value). For reverse action (REV) can only be set if MIN-T = 0%
(will vent the actuator at set value).
Press
and
keys to alter displayed value. Press
key to accept the
displayed value and advance to the characterisation (CHAR).
Commissioning notes
With an actual input signal of 20 mA and a maximum span range setting (MAX-R) of
20 mA may cause the valve plug to hover over the seat preventing tight closure with the
possibility of erosion damage to the plug and seat. Setting a shut-off value can help prevent
this by providing early closure of the valve.
9.6.4 CHAR - valve characterisation
Programming notes
Provides selection of linear (LIN), equal percentage (EQUAL) or fast opening
(FAST) characterisation. Characterisation is the relationship between input
signal and valve lift. Default value is Linear (LIN).
Use
and
keys to select the desired action. Press
key to accept the
displayed characterisation and advance to time open (T-UP).
Commissioning notes
The standard characterisation for 2-port and 3-port valves is linear (LIN). For special
applications using 2-port valves an equal percentage (EQUAL) or fast opening (FAST)
characteristic can be selected. With equal percentage the valve will start to open slowly
and gradually accelerate opening related to input signal. With fast opening characteristic
the valve will commence to open quickly and gradually slow down opening related to
the input signal. This action is in addition to the valve trim flow characterisation (refer to
Figure 43 for guidance).
Ratio 1:50
Fig. 43
Valve lift
Valve lift
������
Signal (mA)
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Signal (mA)
Ratio 50:1
Valve lift
Ratio 1:1
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�������
Signal (mA)
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9.6.5 T-UP - valve slow opening action
Programming notes
This function slows down the time taken for the valve to travel from 0 to 100%
lift. The time displayed is the fastest travel time measured during autostroke
(AUTOS). 4 seconds may be displayed if ACT is set to 'ON' (refer to Section
9.5.2, page 39).
Default value is the fastest time measured during autostroke.
Press
and
keys to alter the displayed value. Press key to accept the
displayed value and advance to time down (T-dWN).
Commissioning notes
The time displayed on start-up is the fastest time measured during autostroke
commissioning (AUTOS). A time cannot be set less than the minimum recorded during
autostroke. The value set will be the time taken for the valve to travel from 0 to 100% lift.
The time set will apply at all times and not just at start-up. This function is useful to prevent
the effects of system waterhammer, thermal shocks or slow down over-reactive systems
or the effects of oversized valves. Default is the fastest time measured during autostroke.
Maximum setting is 180 seconds.
9.6.6 T-dWN - valve slow closing action
Programming notes
This function slows down the time taken for the valve to travel from 100 to 0%
lift. The time displayed on start-up is the fastest travel time measured during
autostroke (AUTOS). 4 seconds may be displayed if ACT is set to 'ON' (refer
to Section 9.5.2, page 39). Default value is the fastest time measured during
autostroke.
Press
and
keys to alter the displayed value. Press key to accept the
displayed value and advance to travel switch 1 (TS1).
Commissioning notes
During autostroke routine the quickest time taken for the valve to fully close will be
measured and displayed. A time cannot be set less than the minimum recorded during
autostroke. The value set will be the time taken for the valve to travel from 100 to 0% lift.
This action will apply at all times and not just at start-up. This function is useful to prevent
the effects of system waterhammer, or to slow down over-reactive systems or the effects
of oversized valves. Default is the minimum time measured during autostroke. Maximum
setting is 180 seconds.
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9.6.7 TS1 and TS2 software travel switches
Two switches are available TS1 and TS2.
TS1 is normally open and TS2 is normally closed. Switching action is set as
a % of valve travel (refer to Figures 44 and 45).
TS1 - software configured travel switch 1 (normally open)
Programming notes
The switching point can be set as a percentage of the valve travel between 0
to100%. A value can be set outside the limits of the travel settings (MIN-T)
and (MAX-T).
Initially OFF will be displayed indicating that the switch is not set. To set a
switching point press and keys to alter the displayed value.
key to accept the displayed value and advance to travel switch 2
Press
normally closed (TS2).
Commissioning notes
Travel switch 1 (TS1) is normally open. External wiring should be made between terminals
1 (+) and 2 (-). The value set is a % of valve travel. At the set value the switch will close.
The status of the switch will be shown on the LCD (refer to Figure 44).
Software configured travel switches can be used to remotely indicate valve position or
to operate warning devices, fans, stirrers, motors or other process equipment via a
secondary switching device.
Travel
100%
Switch
closed
50%
Switch
open
0%
Note:
Software configured travel
switches can be set within
the range 0% to 100% of
full travel irrespective of any
travel limit settings.
Signal
Fig. 44 TS1 Travel switch 1 (normally open)
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TS2 - software configured travel switch 2 (normally closed)
Programming notes
The switching point can be set as a percentage of the valve travel between 0
to 100%. A value can be set outside the limits of the travel settings (MIN-T)
and (MAX-T). Initially OFF will be displayed indicating that the switch is
not set. To set a switching point press
and
keys to alter the displayed
value.
key to accept the displayed value and return to TUNE in the
Press
main menu.
Commissioning notes
Travel switch 2 (TS2) is normally closed. External wiring should be made between terminals
3 (+) and 4 (-). The value set is a % of valve travel. At the set value the switch will open. The
status of the switch will be shown on the LCD (refer to Figure 45).
Software configured travel switches can be used to remotely indicate valve position or
to operate warning devices, fans, stirrers, motors or other process equipment via a
secondary switching device.
Note: If the switch is in its 'off' status it will be an open circuit.
Travel
100%
Switch
open
50%
Switch
closed
0%
Note:
Software configured travel
switches can be set within
the range 0% to 100% of
full travel irrespective of any
travel limit settings.
Signal
Fig. 45 TS2 Travel switch 2 (normally closed)
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9.7
RUN - automatic operation
RUN
Return to
SP200 menu
(RETRN AUTO /
RETRN VENT)
Return to
SP200 MENU
AUTO OPERATION
( % TRAVEL)
mA
(mA input signal)
(RETAIN)
(RESET)
Stem travel
(STRVL)
Run time
(RTIME)
(RETAIN)
(RESET)
Fig. 46
Programming notes
Provides the facility to put the valve into automatic operation. Press and
hold key for 3 seconds to start automatic operation. The display will count
down the 3 seconds.
The valve will move to a position in response to the input control signal.
All values stored in the temporary memory will be transferred to the permanent
memory.
Commissioning notes
By pressing and holding the key for 3 seconds all values previously set will be entered
into the permanent memory. The valve will move to a position as dictated by the input
control signal.
To alter or check SET or TUNE values it is necessary to return to SP200 MENU. Press and
hold key for 3 seconds to return to SP200 MENU. The display will count down the 3 seconds.
There are two options for returning to SP200 MENU:
Option 1 is to stay in automatic control (AUTO) where the valve will continue to position
itself relative to the input control signal.
Option 2 is to vent the actuator (VENT) where the valve will travel to its fail-safe position.
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9.7.1 Automatic operation - % travel
Programming notes
During normal automatic operation the % valve travel will be continuously
displayed together with the switch status of the software travel switches (if fitted).
Additionally, a
will be displayed indicating that the valve is operating
satisfactorily. At any time during automatic operation the mA input signal
can be displayed by pressing key.
To return to SP200 MENU press and hold key for 3 seconds. The display will
count down the 3 seconds. You will advance to RETRN with the option of AUTO
(automatic operation) or VENT (venting air from actuator). Use and keys to
select the desired option. Press key to accept the displayed option and return
to SP200 MENU.
Commissioning notes
During normal operation the % valve travel will be continually displayed. A
indicates that
the valve is performing satisfactorily. Causes of fluctuations in valve movement can be related
to input signal. Press key to view actual mA input signal.
9.7.2 Input signal - mA signal display
Programming notes
The mA input signal will be displayed. Press
key to return to displaying
% travel. The programme will automatically return to displaying % travel after
5 minutes.
It is possible to advance to view valve diagnostics data STRVL (total valve strokes)
and RTIME (total run time).
To advance to STRVL press and hold key for 3 seconds. The display will count
the 3 seconds.
Commissioning notes
This function is of assistance to visualise and check input signal relative to valve position
and to investigate causes of fluctuations in valve movement. The mA input signal will be
displayed for 5 minutes. Press key to return to displaying % travel. The programme will
automatically return to displaying % travel after 5 minutes.
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9.8 STRVL and RTIME - valve diagnostics
Provides visibility of total number of valve strokes (STRVL) and total valve
run time in hours (RTIME).
9.8.1 STRVL - total stem travel
Programming notes
The number displayed should be multiplied by a factor of 10 to obtain the total
number of complete valve strokes. A complete valve stroke is as measured
in autostroke AUTOS.
The number displayed can be retained (RTAIN) or reset to zero (RESET).
Press the key to advance to RTAIN / RESET. Press and keys to toggle
selection.
Press key to accept the displayed selection and advance to run time RTIME.
Commissioning notes
Information displayed should be used in conjunction with total runtime RTIME to assess the
valve usage and evaluate the need for routine maintenance, replacement of stem seals etc.
The number displayed should be multiplyed by a factor of 10 to obtain the local total number
of complete valve strokes. (A complete valve stroke is as measured in autostroke (AUTOS)).
The maximum possible display value is 99999. If this value is exceeded, the display will roll
over to zero and an ! will be displayed. To retain the displayed value press the enter key and
select RTAIN. If the valve is dismantled for maintenance inspection etc. The value can be
reset if required by selecting RESET.
9.8.2 RTIME - total valve run time in hours
Programming notes
The number displayed is the total valve run time in hours. Run time is defined
as the total time the positioner is receiving a control signal.
The number displayed can be retained (RTAIN) or reset to zero (RESET). Press
the key to advance to RTAIN / RESET. Press and keys to toggle selection.
Press key to accept the displayed selection and return to displaying % travel.
Commissioning notes
Information displayed should be used in conjunction with total valve strokes (STRVL) to
assess the valve usage and evaluate the need for routine maintenance, replacement of
stem seals etc. To retain the displayed value press key and select RTAIN. If the valve
is dismantled for maintenance inspection etc. The value can be reset to zero if required by
selecting RESET.
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9.9 RETRN - return to SP200 MENU in main menu
Return to SP200 MENU
Return to
SP200 menu
(RETRN AUTO /
RETRN VENT)
AUTO OPERATION
(% TRAVEL)
Fig. 47
Programming notes
Press and hold key for 3 seconds. The display will count down the 3 seconds.
This provides the facility to return to SP200 MENU with the option of staying in
automatic operation (AUTO) or venting the actuator (VENT). Use and keys
to toggle selection. Press key to select and return to SP200 MENU.
Commissioning notes
To alter any SET or TUNE values, go into manual control (MCTL) it is then necessary to
return to the SP200 MENU.
Any values altered will be recorded in the temporary memory and activated immediately.
To store in the permanent memory it will be necessary to advance to RUN and press
and hold
key for 3 seconds. The display will count down the 3 seconds.
To return to the main menu but stay in automatic control select AUTO. The valve will
continue in automatic operation and respond to changes in input control signal. With the
exception of CALIB and MCTL functions, main menu and subroutines will timeout after
5 minutes if no key is pressed and revert to displaying % TRAVEL in automatic control mode.
Any temporary changes made will not be recorded in the permanent memory.
To return to main menu in a fail-safe position select VENT. The actuator will be fully vented
of air and the valve will return to its fail-safe position.
To return to manual control (MCTL) advance to MANOP in the main menu and advance to
manual control (MCTL). The valve can now be manually controlled using the and keys
to inflate or deflate the actuator. The desired % TRAVEL will be displayed.
To return to automatic control advance to RUN and press
key for 3 seconds. The
display will count down the 3 seconds. The valve will revert to automatic control and position
itself relative to the input control signal. Any SET or TUNE values altered will be recorded in
the permanent memory.
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10. Maintenance
10.1 Air supply quality
As stated in Section 5.4, it is important for correct operation of the SP200
positioner that good quality air is supplied.
It is therefore recommended that a Spirax Sarco MPC2 filter regulator or
equivalent is fitted on the air supply to the positioner. In addition the
SP200 positioner has an internal filter. In normal operation it is recommended
that this filter is replaced every 6 to 12 months depending on the air quality and
valve usage. A spare filter plug kit can be obtained from Spirax Sarco that
includes: filter plug, plus 3 off 'O' rings and filter.
10.2 Fitting replacement filter plug kit
To change the filter proceed as follows:
- Ensure that the air supply to the positioner is isolated.
- Unscrew the filter plug (1) from the SP200 housing using a 5 mm allen key
(refer to Figure 48).
The replacement filter plug can now be fitted:
- Fit the 'O' ring (4) and filter (3) onto the filter plug (1) (refer to Figure 49).
- Finally fit the retaining screw (2).
The filter plug can now be replaced into the SP200 housing, checking that the
'O' ring (4) is correctly located.
The pnuematic air supply can now be restored to the positioner and checks
made to ensure that the filter plug 'O' ring has provided the neccesary air tight
seal.
Fig. 48
Filter plug (1)
2
3
4
Fig. 49
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11. Default values and
program settings
Main menu
Sub-menu
Setting options
SET
Valve type
(VALVE)
Actuator type
(ACT)
Control action
(CTRLA)
Minimum travel
(MIN-T)
Maximum travel
(MAX-T)
Displayed % travel
(DTRVL)
Minimum input signal
(MIN-R)
Maximum input signal
(MAX-R)
2-PORT
3-PORT
ON
OFF
Direct (dIRCT)
Reverse (REV)
SET
SET
SET
SET
SET
SET
SET
TUNE
Dead-band
(dBAND)
TUNE
Minimum shut-off
(S-MIN)
Maximum shut-off
(S-MAX)
TUNE
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(dIRCT)
33 to 100%
95% for 2-port
100% for 3-port
ON
OFF
ON
4 to 16 mA
4 mA
8 to 20 mA
20 mA
0.2 to 10%
(% of
input signal span)
OFF,
0 to 20%
OFF,
0 to 20%
Linear (LIN),
Equal (EQUAL),
Fast (FAST)
0.5%
(3% if
ACT is 'ON')
TUNE
Time-up
(T-UP)
Autostroke time –
180 seconds
TUNE
Time-down
(T-dWN)
Autostroke time –
180 seconds
TUNE
Travel switch 1
(TS1)
Travel switch 2
(TS2)
OFF,
0 to 100%
OFF,
0 to 100%
Auto (RETRN AUTO)
Vent (RETRN VENT)
Return to menu
OFF
0%
Characteristic
(CHAR)
RUN
(2-PORT)
0 to 66%
TUNE
TUNE
Default value Programmed
value
0.1%
OFF for 2-port
0.1% for 3-port
(LIN)
Autostroke time
(seconds)
4 seconds
if ACT is 'ON'
Autostroke time
(seconds)
4 seconds
if ACT is 'ON'
(TS1 OFF)
(TS2 OFF)
(RETRN AUTO)
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12. Glossary of display data
12.1 Main menu display functions
Display
SET UP
NOW
SP200
MENU
MAN OP
AUTOS
SET
TUNE
RUN
Description
Indicates that the SP200 positioner fitted to the valve has not been
programmed or commissioned.
Indicates that you have now entered the SP200 main menu.
Provides access to:
• View the version of the embedded software.
• Facility to centre the mounting position (CALIB).
• Retain temporary changes to menu values (RETRN).
• Recall previously stored menu values (RTAIN).
• Reset to default values (RESET).
Provides access to manual control (MCTL) and current calibration (C-CAL).
Provides access to:
• Autostroke commissioning routine.
Note: SET, TUNE and RUN functions can only be accessed after
a successful AUTOSTROKE routine has been completed.
• Selection of percentage travel display % (TRAVL).
Provides access to valve set up functions as follows:
• Valve type (VALVE).
• Actuator type (ACT).
• Control action (CTRLA).
• Minimum valve travel (MIN-T).
• Maximum valve travel (MAX-T).
• Displayed % travel (DTRVL).
• Minimum signal range (MIN-R).
• Maximum signal range (MAX-R).
Provides access to additional valve characterisation functions as follows:
• Dead-band sensitivity (dbANd).
• Valve shut-off minimum setting (S-MIN).
• Valve shut-off maximum setting (S-MAX).
• Valve signal – lift characterisation (CHAR).
• Valve slow opening time (T-UP).
• Valve slow closing time (T-dWN).
• Setting software travel switch 1 (normally open) (TS1).
• Setting software travel switch 2 (normally closed) (TS2).
Provides access to:
• Commencing automatic operation.
• Displaying percentage valve travel (%).
• Visualisation of input mA input signal (mA).
• Total stem strokes (STRVL).
• Total running time (RTIME).
• Return to SP200 menu (RETRN).
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12.2
Sub-menu display functions
Display
VER x.xx
CALIb
RETRN
RTAIN
Description
Indicates the version of software embedded within the SP200 positioner.
Provides facility for mounting position adjustment.
Enables previously stored function values to be recalled.
Enables temporary changes made to function values to be retained.
RESET
Enables all function values to be reset to default settings.
Refer to Section 11 for default settings.
MCTL
Provides manual control of the valve.
Use and keys to fill or vent the actuator.
C-CAL
Calibration of the current input.
TRAVL
Selection of percentage of travel display - 0 to 100% or 100 to 0%
depending on valve and actuator configuration.
AUTOS
AbORT
VALVE
ACT
CTRLA
MIN-T
MAX-T
Initiates the autostroke automatic commissioning routine.
Indicates that the AUTOS commissioning routine has been aborted.
Selection of 2-port or 3-port valve.
Selection for use with PN5100 or PN6100 series pneumatic actuators.
Selection of input signal control action 4 - 20 mA or 20 - 4 mA.
Setting of minimum valve travel % to prevent the valve fully closing.
Selection of maximum valve travel % to prevent the valve fully opening.
DTRVL
Selection of displaying 0 - 100% travel over the mechanical travel limits or
adjusted MIN-T / MAX-T settings.
MIN-R
MAX-R
dbANd
Selection of the input signal related to the minimum valve travel (MIN-T).
Selection of the maximum input signal related to maximum valve travel (MAX-T)
Selection of % valve position dead-band sensitivity.
S-MIN
Facility to select pre-determined input signal to fully close the valve at
the minimum travel position.
S-MAX
Facility to select a pre-determined input signal to fully close the valve at
the maximum travel position.
CHAR
Selection of input signal to valve lift characterisation. Options include:
• Linear (LIN)
• Equal percentage (EQUAL)
• Fast opening (FAST)
LIN
58
Indicates a linear relationship between the input signal and the valve travel.
IM-P343-29 CH Issue 5
Display
Description
EQUAL
Indicates an equal percentage relationship between the input signal and the
valve travel.
FAST
T-UP
T-dWN
TS1
TS2
Indicates a fast opening relationship between the input signal and the valve travel.
%
mA
AUTOC
FILL

!
ERROR 1
(AUTOS)
ERROR 2
(AUTOS)
ERROR 3
(AUTOS)
ERROR 4
(AUTOS)
—
/
\
STRVL
RTIME
Facility to slow down the valve opening movement.
Facility to slow down the valve closing movement.
Setting of % travel for software travel switch 1 (normally open).
Setting of % travel for software travel switch 2 (normally closed).
Indicates percentage of valve travel in automatic operation or
manual control (MCTL).
Indicates the input signal in mA.
Return to SP200 MENU remaining in automatic control operation.
Indicates the actuator is being filled with air (manual control before AUTOS).
Indicates that there are no problems with the positioner.
An error or warning indication.
Indicates a problem with the mounting position.
Indicates that there is insufficient air pressure to position the valve.
Indicates that the air cannot be vented from the actuator.
Detected stroke too short.
Software travel switch (TS1 and TS2) - closed.
Software travel switch (TS1) - open.
Software travel switch (TS2) - open.
Indicates the total number of valve strokes (x10).
Value can be retained (RTAIN) or reset (RESET).
Indicates the total run time of the SP200 in hours.
Value can be retained (RTAIN) or reset (RESET)
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13. Certification
EC-Type ATEX Certificate (Model SP200is)
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EC Declaration of conformity (Model SP200is)
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