Simrad PI HEIGHT - DATASHEET REV A Installation manual

Installation
Manual
Navico Radar
2kW and 4kW
English
www.lowrance.com
www.northstarnav.com.
www.simrad-yachting.com
Brands by Navico - Leader in Marine Electronics
1 Preface
1.1 FCC Statement
Note: This equipment has been tested and complies with the limits for a Class B digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference in a normal installation. This equipment generates, uses
and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be
determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
•
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
•
Connect the equipment into an output on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is
connected.
•
Consult the dealer or an experienced technician for help.
•
A shielded cable must be used when connecting a peripheral to the serial ports.
1.2 Industry Canada
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference, including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Refer also to the system specifications section.
1.3 CE Compliance
Navico New Zealand, declares that this Radar Processor is in compliance with the essential
requirements and other relevant provisions of Directive 1999/5/EC.
Preface | 1
1.4 Disclaimer
As Navico is continuously improving this product, we retain the right to make changes to the
product at any time which may not be reflected in this version of the manual. Please contact
your nearest distributor if you require any further assistance.
It is the owner’s sole responsibility to install and use the instrument and transducers in a
manner that will not cause accidents, personal injury or property damage. The user of this
product is solely responsible for observing safe boating practices.
NAVICO HOLDING AS. AND ITS SUBSIDIARIES, BRANCHES AND AFFILIATES DISCLAIM ALL
LIABILITY FOR ANY USE OF THIS PRODUCT IN A WAY THAT MAY CAUSE ACCIDENTS, DAMAGE
OR THAT MAY VIOLATE THE LAW.
Governing Language: This statement, any instruction manuals, user guides and other
information relating to the product (Documentation) may be translated to, or has been
translated from, another language (Translation). In the event of any conflict between any
Translation of the Documentation, the English language version of the Documentation will be
the official version of the Documentation.
This manual represents the product as at the time of printing. Navico Holding AS. and its
subsidiaries, branches and affiliates reserve the right to make changes to specifications without
notice.
Copyright © 2008 Navico Holding AS.
1.5 Warranty
The Navico warranty card is supplied as a separate document.
It is shipped with the product registration card.
In case of any queries, refer to Navico.com.
1.6 Feedback from you
Your feedback is important and helps Navico ensure that this manual is a valuable resource for
all marine technicians. E-mail your comments or suggestions about this manual to the following
address: tech.writing@navico.com
2 | Preface
Contents
1 Preface ........................................................................................................ 1
1.1 FCC Statement ....................................................................................... 1
1.2 Industry Canada ..................................................................................... 1
1.3 CE Compliance........................................................................................ 1
1.4 Disclaimer .............................................................................................. 2
1.5 Warranty ............................................................................................... 2
1.6 Feedback from you .................................................................................. 2
2 Introduction to the Navico radar system ..................................................... 6
2.1 Radar system overview ............................................................................ 7
2.2 Warnings ............................................................................................... 7
3 Install the radar........................................................................................... 9
3.1 Check the radar parts ............................................................................ 10
3.2 Choose the scanner location ................................................................... 12
3.3 Power boat installations ......................................................................... 13
3.4 Yacht installations ................................................................................. 14
3.5 How to find the theoretical maximum detection range ................................ 14
3.6 How to find the optimum height for the scanner ........................................ 15
3.7 How to reduce false echoes and shadow zones .......................................... 16
3.8 Install the scanner unit .......................................................................... 17
3.9 Install a scanner on a trestle................................................................... 17
3.10 Install the radar processor .................................................................... 17
4 Wiring the radar system ............................................................................ 18
4.1 Radar scanner 2 kW: Connect the optional interconnection cable (AA010088 /
AA010089 to the scanner....................................................................... 18
4.2 Radar scanner 4 kW: Connect the optional interconnection cable
(AA010090/AA010091) to the scanner..................................................... 22
4.3 Radar processor: 2 kW and 4 kW connections............................................ 25
4.4 Radar processor 2 kW: Connect the interconnection cable to the radar
processor ............................................................................................ 26
4.5 Radar processor 4 kW: Connect the interconnection cable to the radar
processor ............................................................................................ 27
4.6 Connect the power cable ........................................................................ 28
4.7 Connect the ground wire ........................................................................ 29
4.8 Radar system checklist........................................................................... 29
5 Connect Simrad GB40 or Northstar 8000i .................................................. 30
5.1 Parts needed to connect radar to a GB40 or 8000i system........................... 30
Preface | 3
5.2 Simrad GB40 using SimNet heading sensor ............................................... 32
5.3 Northstar 8000i / Simrad GB40 using a NMEA 0183 heading sensor.............. 33
5.4 Setup the radar with the GB40 or 8000i.................................................... 35
6 Connect Simrad NX40 / NX45, Northstar M84 / M121 .............................. 38
6.1 Parts needed NX40/45 and M84/M121...................................................... 38
6.2 Simrad NX40/45 Northstar M84/M121 radar connections ............................ 39
6.3 Set up the radar with the Simrad NX40/45 or Northstar M84/M121 .............. 41
7 Connect Northstar 6000i / 6100i ............................................................... 42
7.1 Parts needed to connect to a Northstar 6000i / 6100i ................................. 42
7.2 Connect the radar processor to a 6000i or 6100i display ............................. 43
7.3 Connect the radar communications cable (NS003107) to the junction box ..... 44
7.4 Configure the remote power control for a 6000i or 6100i (common power
source) ............................................................................................... 46
7.5 Configure the remote power control for a 6000i or 6100i (different power
sources).............................................................................................. 47
7.6 Set up the radar with the Northstar 6000i or 6100i .................................... 49
7.7 Turn the radar on and off ....................................................................... 49
7.8 Configure the navigator communications .................................................. 50
7.9 Adjust the appearance settings ............................................................... 50
7.10 Heading sensor requirements ................................................................ 51
7.11 Disable the heading sensor input ........................................................... 51
7.12 Calibrating the radar ............................................................................ 51
7.13 Prepare for calibration .......................................................................... 51
7.14 Tune the radar .................................................................................... 52
7.15 Set the STC Curve ............................................................................... 52
7.16 Set the trigger delay ............................................................................ 52
7.17 Set the heading calibration (heading sensor installed)............................... 53
7.18 Set the heading calibration (heading sensor not installed) ......................... 54
7.19 Restore all the factory settings .............................................................. 54
7.20 Restore the factory appearance settings ................................................. 54
7.21 Manual tuning procedure for the 6000i or 6100i system ............................ 55
8 Connect to Lowrance Displays ................................................................... 56
8.1 Parts needed to connect to Lowrance displays ........................................... 56
8.2 Lowrance displays radar connection ......................................................... 58
8.3 Set up the radar with Lowrance displays ................................................... 60
9 Maintenance .............................................................................................. 66
9.1 General maintenance ............................................................................. 66
9.2 Scanner maintenance ............................................................................ 66
9.3 Other maintenance items ....................................................................... 66
4 | Preface
10 Troubleshoot the radar ............................................................................ 67
10.1 Technical support, service and repairs .................................................... 67
10.2 Radar is not operating correctly ............................................................. 67
10.3 If the scanner fails to turn .................................................................... 67
10.4 How to reduce noise and interference ..................................................... 68
10.5 Make sure the power is present and correctly wired .................................. 68
11 Drawings ................................................................................................. 69
11.1 Radar scanner: 2 kW dimensions ........................................................... 69
11.2 Radar scanner 4 kW: Dimensions........................................................... 70
11.3 Radar processor: Dimensions ................................................................ 71
12 Specifications .......................................................................................... 72
12.1 2 kW radar system specifications ........................................................... 72
12.2 4 kW Specifications.............................................................................. 73
13 Navico radar part numbers ...................................................................... 75
Preface | 5
2 Introduction to the Navico radar system
This manual explains how to install the radar scanner and the Navico radar processor. It also
explains how to connect the radar to the various brands of displays produced by Navico.
This manual should be used in conjunction with the installation manual provided with the
display. It also explains how to set up the radar system after installation and gives you
information on troubleshooting.
This manual is written for professional marine technicians, installation technicians, and service
technicians. Dealers may also use information contained in this document.
PLEASE READ CAREFULLY BEFORE USE
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in
death, serious injury or damage to property.
The Navico radar system platform is designed to work with many types and models of display
head produced by Navico.
The radar systems consist of a scanner, radar processor and connection cables. Scanner models
are available with power outputs of 2 kW, 4 kW, 6 kW, 10 kW and 25 kW to suit different
customer requirements. Each scanner model has a corresponding radar processor module.
Note: 6 kW , 10 kW and 25 kW are covered in a separate manual
Branding information
The Navico radar system is sold under different brands which share the same hardware. This
manual is relevant to the following radar systems
2 kW dome kit
DX42S-1
NS007001
LRA-1800
4 kW dome kit
DX64S-1
NS007002
LRA-2400
6 kW open array kit
TX06S-1
NS007003
N/A
10 kW open array kit
TX10S-1
NS007004
N/A
25 kW open array kit
TX25S-1
NS007005
NA
This manual describes how to interface to the following displays
Brand
Display heads that support the Navico radar
system
Simrad GB40 network system
Simrad NX40/NX45
Northstar 8000i network system
Northstar 6000i and 6100i
Northstar M84
Northstar M121
6 | Introduction to the Navico radar system
Globalmap Baja 540c, GlobalMap Baja 840c,
Globalmap 5200c, Globalmap 5300c iGPS, GlobalMap
7200c, GlobalMap 7300c HD, GlobalMap 8200c,
GlobalMap 8300c HD, GlobalMap 9300c HD,
GlobalMap 9200c, LCX-38c HD, LCX-27c, LCX-37c,
LCX-28c HD, LCX-112c, LCX-113c HD, LMS-520c,
LMS-522c iGPS, LMS-522c iGPS Ice Machine, LMS525c DF, LMS-527c DF iGPS, X510c, X515c DF
2.1 Radar system overview
The radar system is intended for use in a marine environment. It consists of a rotating scanner
protected by a dome connected to a radar processor module by a prefabricated 15m (49ft)
interconnection cable. A longer 20 m (65.5 ft) interconnection cable may be ordered
separately. Scanner cables must be installed by a qualified radar technician.
A network or serial cable is to be used to connect the radar processor to a display head.
An interconnection cable should only be installed by a qualified radar technician.
The radar processor module connects to the various display heads using three different
protocols. These are:
Ethernet. For more information on connecting via Ethernet (see "Connect Simrad GB40 or
Northstar 8000i" page 30).
•
GB40
•
8000i
Serial Connectivity
RS485 For more information how to connect to RS485 displays (see "Connect Simrad NX40 /
NX45, Northstar M84 / M121" page 38).
•
NX40 / NX45
•
M Series
RS422. For more information how to connect to RS422 displays (see "Connect Northstar 6000i /
6100i" page 42).
•
•
6000i / 6100i
GlobalMap, LCX, LMS and X ranges of displays. See above list for specific models.
2.2 Warnings
Use the radar at your own risk. Your radar was designed for use as a navigation aid. It
should not be used for purposes that require precise measurements of direction,
distance, topography or location. Always compare the navigation information received
from your radar with data from other navigation aids and sources. When a conflict
arises between the navigation data from your radar and data from other navigation
aids, make sure you resolve the conflict before proceeding with navigation. A
CAREFUL NAVIGATOR NEVER RELIES ON ONLY ONE METHOD TO OBTAIN NAVIGATION
INFORMATION.
Introduction to the Navico radar system | 7
Caution: International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea mandate indicate
that when radar is on a vessel, the radar must be used at all times, regardless of
weather conditions or visibility. Numerous court decisions have not only ruled the
radar must be used, but that the radar operator must be knowledgeable in all
operational aspects of radar performance; or otherwise face a greater risk of liability
if an accident occurs.
WARNING: High Voltage Hazard
There is dangerously high voltage present within the radar scanner unit. Technicians
must exercise extreme care when working inside the unit. ALWAYS remove power
before removing the cover. Some capacitors may take several minutes to discharge,
even after switching off the radar. Before touching the magnetron or any high voltage
components, ground them with a clip lead.
WARNING: Microwave Radiation Hazard
The microwave energy radiated by a radar antenna is harmful to humans, especially
to the eyes. NEVER look directly into an open waveguide or into the path of radiation
from an enclosed antenna. Radar and other radio frequency radiation can upset
cardiac pacemakers.
If someone with a cardiac pacemaker suspects abnormal operation, immediately turn
off the radar equipment and move the person away from the antenna. Turn off the
radar whenever it is necessary to work on the antenna unit or other equipment in the
beam of the radar.
Note: Most countries accept that RF power density levels below 100 W/m² cause no significant
RF hazard.
Scanner
Model
Vertical beam
angle of scanner
(degrees)
Minimum safe distance
(100 Watts per m² average
power density) Note 1
Minimum safe distance
(10 Watts per m² average
power density) Note 2
2 kW
30
1.6 ft (0.5 m)
4.6 ft (1.4 m)
4 kW
25
3 ft (0.9 m)
9.3 ft (2.8 m)
Note: Limits apply to exposure within the vertical beam angle.
Note 1: Peak occupational exposure limit pursuant to IEC 60936 Clause 3.27 and IEC 62252
Clause 4.32
Note 2: General public exposure limit pursuant to IEC 60936 Clause 3.27 and IEC 62252 Clause
4.32
8 | Introduction to the Navico radar system
3 Install the radar
A radar unit should only be installed by a qualified marine technician, as potentially
lethal high voltage is present along with heavy rotating parts.
There is a transmit interlock that prevents radar transmissions if the scanner is not
rotating. However, a high voltage remains for a period of time after the system is
turned off. If you are not familiar with this type of electronics, consult with a trained
service or installation technician before attempting to service any part of the
equipment.
Installation includes:
• mechanical mounting
•
electrical wiring
•
configuring the display or network system to work with the radar
•
adjusting the radar for proper performance
Don't take any shortcuts, and follow these instructions carefully!
This section explains how to:
• choose the correct location for the scanner
•
install the scanner on a power boat or a yacht
•
choose the correct location for the radar processor
•
install the radar processor
Read the important warning and safety information in the Preface before you install
the radar.
Note: For best MARPA functionality, heading information received by the radar processor needs
to be a minimum of 10 Hz, depending on the display head being used. See the section relating
to the display head you are connecting to for more information.
Install the radar | 9
3.1 Check the radar parts
The Navico radar system consists of a scanner, a radar processor, and associated cables. some
of which need to be ordered separately.
There are three main components of the radar system:
• The radar scanner
•
The radar processor. The radar processor must match the power output of the scanner. For
example, a 2 kW Scanner connects to a 2 kW processor box. Connection cables to attach to a
display head are not shipped with this item and they must be ordered separately. The cables
required will depend on the type of display head being used with the radar system. Later in
this manual, you will find information about connecting particular display heads.
•
Radar connection kit. This varies depending on display head that you are connecting to. Later
in this manual, you will find information about connecting particular display heads.
Unpack the boxes carefully and check the contents against the packing lists. If anything is
missing, contact your distributor.
Note: A parts list of what comes with scanner can be found inside the scanner packaging.
Qnt.
Item
Description
Replacement Part No.
1
Simrad 2 kW scanner
TX06s Scanner w/cable
AA010024SIM
Simrad 4 kW scanner
TX10s Scanner w/cable
AA010025SIM
Northstar 2 kW scanner
NS007001 Scanner w/cable
AA010024NOR
Northstar 4 kW scanner
NS007002 Scanner w/cable
AA010025NOR
Lowrance 2 kW scanner
LRA-1800 Scanner w/cable
AA010024LOW
Lowrance 4 kW scanner
LRA-2400 Scanner w/cable
AA010025LOW
AA010012 2 kW Radar processor standard components
Qnt.
10 | Install the radar
Item
Description
Part No.
2 kW Radar processor
AA010012
4 kW Radar processor
AA010013
1
This manual
MN000783
1
Installation template
LA000276B-G
1
1
Product registration card
CD000085
1
Warranty card
CD000260
4
Mounting screws
HR000061
Install the radar | 11
3.2 Choose the scanner location
The radar's ability to detect targets depends greatly on the position of its scanner. The ideal
location for the scanner is high above the vessel's keel line where there are no obstacles.
A higher installation position increases the radar ranging distance, but it also increases the
minimum range around the vessel where targets cannot be detected.
Also see the sections on installing the scanner on a power boat or yacht.
When you're deciding on the location, consider the following:
• the length of the interconnection cable supplied with your radar is usually sufficient. If you
think you'll need a longer cable, consult your dealer before installation, because a longer
cable may reduce the performance of the radar.
•
if the roof of the wheelhouse is the highest existing location, consider installing a radar mast
or a pedestal on which you can mount the scanner. You may also need to construct a
working platform for your own safety during installation and servicing work.
•
if you mount the scanner on a pedestal or base, ensure that rain and sea spray can drain
away from it rapidly.
•
if you locate the scanner on the mast, position it on the forward side so that there is a clear
view to the front of the vessel.
•
the scanner is usually installed parallel to the line of the keel.
•
ensure that the location site provides the scanner with a clear view of the front of the vessel.
DON'T DO THIS!
• DON'T install the scanner too high up, where its weight will alter the stability of the vessel
and cause degradation of the radar picture over short ranges (see "How to find the optimum
height for the scanner" page 15).
•
DON'T install the scanner close to lamps or exhaust outlets. The heat emissions may cause
the equipment to break down. Soot and smoke will degrade the performance of the radar.
•
DON'T install the scanner close to the antennas of other equipment such as direction finders,
VHF antennas, GPS equipment and so on, because it may cause interference.
•
DON'T install the scanner where a large obstruction (such as an exhaust stack) is at the
same level as the beam, because the obstruction is likely to generate false echoes and/or
shadow zones.
•
DON'T install the scanner where it will be subjected to strong vibrations (such as a derrick
post) because these vibrations will degrade the performance of the radar.
•
DON'T install an open array close to halyards or flags because the wind could wrap these
around the scanner and jam it.
DON'T install the scanner inside of the recommended compass safe distances of any
navigation instruments such as the magnetic compass and the chronometer. The
compass safe distances are as follows:
2 kW radar
STD 0.7m (2.3 ft) / STEER 0.5 m (1.6 ft )
4 kW radar
STD 2.0 m (6.5 ft) / STEER 1.5 m (5 ft)
12 | Install the radar
3.3 Power boat installations
Normally, you should install the scanner horizontally, to produce an equal sweep around the
boat:
However, when a power boat is traveling at high speed, the bow rises up out of the water and if
the elevation angle (trim) of the bow is raised up so that it equals, or exceeds, 50% of the
vertical beam width of the radar, this can cause two problems:
• Ahead of the power boat, the beam is projected too high to sweep the water surface
effectively. Targets can be missed completely or appear at a very poor resolution on the
display screen.
•
Astern of the power boat, the beam is projected too low and is concentrated over a small
area of water so that sea clutter becomes a problem on the display screen.
In this case, you're recommended to install the scanner so that it is tilted down at the front, at
an angle that will produce an almost horizontal sweep when the power boat is running at speed.
Install the radar | 13
3.4 Yacht installations
Normally you should install the scanner horizontally, to produce an equal sweep around the
yacht. However, a yacht heels over to the lee side, and when the heel angle exceeds 50% of
the vertical beam width of the radar, this can cause two problems:
• On the windward side of the yacht, the beam is projected too high to sweep the water
surface effectively. Targets can be missed completely or appear at very poor resolution on
the display unit.
•
On the lee side of the yacht, the beam is projected too low and is concentrated over a small
area of water so that sea clutter becomes a problem on the display unit.
In this case, you're recommended to install the scanner on a gimbal mounting so that it can
operate effectively in a heavy swell or when the yacht is heeled over.
3.5 How to find the theoretical maximum detection range
Propagation of the radar beam can vary, depending on the properties of the air through which it
is traveling. Under normal conditions, the distance that the radar beam travels is approximately
10% further than the distance to the optical horizon.
You can calculate the theoretical distance traveled by the radar beam using the following
formula:
D = 2.23 (√h1 + √h2)
where:
• D is distance traveled by the radar beam
•
h1 is the height above sea level of the scanner
•
h2 is the height above sea level of a target
An example is shown below:
14 | Install the radar
In this example, the scanner is installed on the vessel at a height of 3 m (10 ft) above sea level
(h1). Island A is 10 m (33 ft) high (h2) and for comparison, island B is 5 m (16.4 ft) high (h2).
Both islands are at a distance (D) of 10 nautical miles from the vessel.
Calculations using the formula show that, at this distance, the radar can only detect objects that
are more than 7.6 m (25 ft) high, which means that island A is shown on the radar but island B
is not shown.
Remember that:
• The maximum detection range of the radar is limited by the curvature of the earth's surface
under normal conditions of wave propagation.
•
Bad weather conditions can reduce the maximum detection range.
3.6 How to find the optimum height for the scanner
The optimum height for the scanner is as close as possible to the A-B line for best performance.
How to find the A-B Line:
The vertical extent of the radar beam is 2θ°, so most of the radar beam is concentrated within
this angle, meaning that outside of this angle, the radar beam will be very weak.
Scanner model
θ° value (half the -3 dB beam width)
2 kW
15
4 kW
12.5
An example of an A-B Line is shown in the picture. If you install the scanner below the A-B line,
the scanner will be too low. It will be difficult to acquire distant targets and the superstructure
will be more likely to impede the passage of the beam and generate false echoes. If the scanner
is installed too high above the A-B line, the beam will miss close targets and increase sea clutter
return.
You can find the A-B line for any vessel as follows:
•
Using a scaled drawing of the vessel, lay a rule along the line of the main deck and
continue this forwards as a dashed line extending beyond the bow.
•
Using a protractor, measure the θ° value (for your scanner model) below the dashed line
at the bow and draw in a new line along this angle.
•
Extend the new line back beyond the bow of the vessel. This is the A-B line.
Install the radar | 15
3.7 How to reduce false echoes and shadow zones
False echoes can be produced on the radar display if the scanner is installed too close to an
object on the vessel's superstructure. This object can block the radar beam and reflect it back,
generating false echoes and shadow zones.
If you are having problems with false echoes and/or shadow zones, re-install the scanner at a
higher location where the radar beam will be clear of any obstructions.
If this is not possible, try relocating the scanner away from the central keel line of the vessel to
the starboard side. This will move any shadows to the port side, maximize the radar view of
your give way sector, and ensure a clear view of the area around the vessel at the bow.
Use the following formula to calculate the distance that you'll need to move the scanner:
Ls = 0.4R + D/2 (when R is less than 49 ft [15 m])
Ls = 0.025R + D/2 (When R is greater than or equal to 49 ft [15 m])
where:
Ls = distance to be moved from the keel line
D = diameter of the obstacle
R = distance between the antenna and the obstacle
16 | Install the radar
3.8 Install the scanner unit
Important: Remember that you must screw the bolts into place from the under side of the
location site, because the shape of the dome prevents you from installing the bolts from the top
side. Ensure that you can access the under side of the location site before drilling.
Find the paper mounting template and tape it securely to the chosen location site. Before
drilling, check that:
• the location site is not more than 0.6" (15 mm) thick.
•
You have oriented the mounting template correctly so that the front of the scanner unit will
face the front of the vessel; and
•
the location site allows the drain hole to empty.
Drill the four holes plus the drain hole where shown. Remove the mounting template, then
position a rubber washer over each hole on the scanner. Ensure that the slot in the rubber
washer is aligned with the rib on the scanner.
Position the scanner carefully over the bolt holes so that they are aligned with the holes of the
rubber washers and the drill holes.
Place a spring washer then a plain washer onto each bolt, as shown. Screw each bolt into each
drill hole from the under side of the location site, and tighten securely
Note: Use the bolts supplied as these are hardened stainless steel and the correct length.
3.9 Install a scanner on a trestle
Depending on your chosen location for the scanner, it may be easier to install the scanner if you
fabricate a trestle (or radar mast) on which you can mount the scanner.
The trestle must be sturdy and secure, and capable of supporting the scanner in all weather
conditions.
You are recommended to install the base of the trestle parallel to the water surface.
Orient the trestle so that the cable inlet on the scanner will face the stern, and so that the
scanner can be mounted at the correct angle (as discussed in the "Power boat installation"
section).
Make sure that the edges of the trestle won't trap water.
3.10 Install the radar processor
Install the radar processor in a dry location away from spray, rain, drips and condensation.
The radar processor must be located where it can be easily connected to the ship's ground, the
interconnection cable, the power cable and the radar communications cable or the network
cable. Check that these cables and the ship's ground can easily reach the radar processor
BEFORE you drill.
The radar processor dimensions are shown on the installation template. Follow the instructions
on the installation template to install the radar processor.
Install the radar | 17
4 Wiring the radar system
4.1 Radar scanner 2 kW: Connect the optional interconnection
cable (AA010088 / AA010089 to the scanner
If you have the standard 2 kW radar system, the scanner is supplied with the 15 m (49 ft)
interconnection cable already connected and you can ignore this section.
If you have ordered the longer 20 m (65.5 ft) interconnection cable, follow the guidelines in this
section.
Note: An interconnection cable should only be installed by a qualified radar technician.
•
Unscrew and remove the cover of the scanner, lifting it vertically to avoid bumping it
against the antenna.
•
Carefully lift the main unit and stand it upright in the slot on the scanner casing:
18 | Wiring the radar system
•
Remove the shield cover from the underside of the main unit to expose the connector
locations and ground terminal location.
•
The broken line shows the route for the interconnection cable.
•
Identify the connector ends B, C, and D on the 2 kW interconnection cable. Connector D is
a grounding strap.
•
Place the locking nut, gasket A and gasket B over the end of the interconnection cable in
the order shown, then push the interconnection cable through the cable entry point into
the radome. (Ensure that you push through sufficient cable to easily join the connectors.)
•
At the cable entry point, take care that the grooves in gaskets A and B are opposite each
other (see the figure). Tighten the locking nuts to hold the interconnection cable firmly in
place and to provide a waterproof seal.
Wiring the radar system | 19
•
Place the internal locking nut over the end of the interconnection cable, then attach
connectors B and C to the connectors (as shown in the figure).
The broken line shows the route for the interconnection cable.
•
Attach connector D to one of the screws close by to provide grounding (as shown in the
figure).
20 | Wiring the radar system
The wiring details for the connector ends (B, C, and D) are as follows:
2 kW interconnection cable (AA010088 / AA010089) connector ends
Pin
Color/Name
AWG size
B
C
1
Green (thick)
#12
1
2
Yellow (thick)
#12
2
3
Green (thin)
#24
7
4
Clear coax signal
#24
4
5
Drain wire for 4
#24
5
6
Drain wire for 7
#24
3
7
Black coax signal
#24
2
8
White
#24
6
9
Yellow
#24
1
10
White (thick)
#12
Shell
Braid shield
D
3
X
Wiring the radar system | 21
4.2 Radar scanner 4 kW: Connect the optional interconnection
cable (AA010090/AA010091) to the scanner
•
Unscrew and then remove the cover of the scanner, lifting it vertically to avoid bumping it
against the antenna.
•
Identify the connector ends B, C, D and E on the 4 kW interconnection cable (AA010090
or AA010091). Connector end E is an Earthing strap.
•
Slacken or remove the strain relief clamp just inside the radome close to the cable entry
point.
•
Place the locking nut, gasket A and gasket B over the connector end of the
interconnection cable in the order shown, then push the interconnection cable through the
cable entry point into the radome. (Ensure that you push through sufficient cable to
easily connect to the J connectors as described in the following step.
•
At the cable entry point, take care that the grooves in gaskets A and B are opposite each
other (see the figure). Tighten the locking nuts to hold the scanner cable firmly in place
and to provide a waterproof seal.
22 | Wiring the radar system
•
Place the internal locking nut over the end of the scanner cable in the order shown, then
attach the three connectors on the interconnection cable to the three connectors (as
shown at F in the figure):
•
Connector end B to J302
Connector end C to J202
Connector end D to J201
Tighten the strain relief clamp then connect Connector end E to one of the screws close
by to provide an Earth.
Wiring the radar system | 23
The wiring details for the connector ends (B, C, D, and E) are as follows:
4 kW interconnection cable (NS00310X) connector ends
Pin
Color/Name
AWG size
B
C
D
1
Blue (thick)
#16
1
2
Purple (thick)
#16
1
3
Red (thick)
#16
2
4
Yellow (thick)
#16
2
5
Drain wire (Coax line)
#24
2
6
No connection
7
No connection
8
No connection
9
Yellow (thin)
#24 twist pair
3
10
Clear Coax line
#24
1
11
No connection
12
Green (thin)
#24
13
White (thin)
#24 twist pair
14
Drain wire
#24
2
15
Shield line
#24
1
16
Orange (medium)
#18
3
Shell
Braid shield
24 | Wiring the radar system
E
5
4
X
4.3 Radar processor: 2 kW and 4 kW connections
There are four interface connectors on the front of the radar processor, two L.E.D plus a chassis
ground.
The Navico radar processor can be connected to any of the following display heads (please refer
to the chapter relevant to you display head)
• Simrad NX40 NX45, GB40
•
Northstar 8000i, 6100, 6000i, M84, M121
•
Lowrance GlobalMap 9300c HD, 9200c, 8300c, 8200c, Baja 440c, 7300c, 7200c, 5200c,
5300c, Baja 540c, LCX-113c HD, LCX-112c, LCX-38c HD, LCX-37c, LCX-28c HD, LCX-27c,
LMS-520c, LMS-522c iGPS, LMS-525c DF, LMS-527c DF iGPS, X510c, X515c DF
Radar processor interface connectors
Key
Connector function
Connects to...
A
LED (Ethernet)
Displays status of the Ethernet network
connection
B
Network: Ethernet communications for Simrad
GB40 and Northstar 8000i
GB40 / 8000i network, using Navico ethernet
network cables, available in 0.5 m, 2 m, 5 m
and 10 m lengths. (order cable separately)
C
Power (+ve and -ve)
2kW system: 12 V DC ONLY
D
LED Power
Displays power status
E
NMEA / Coms:
Simrad NX40/45, Northstar 84/121 use the
communication cable AA010114 (also
included the radar connection kit AA010112)
4kW system: 12-24 V DC
Data communications for:
Simrad NX40/45
Lowrance displays: for a full list of compatible
displays (see "Introduction to the Navico radar
system" page 6)
Lowrance displays use the RIM300 cable
6000i or 6100i display unit, using radar
communications cable (NS003107)
Northstar M84 and M121 systems (6kW only)
6000i, 6100i, M84, M121 or 8000i remote
power signals, relay or ignition; cable not
supplied
NMEA communications for compass input NB!
order cable separately.
SimNet heading via AT10HD (24006694) for
GB40 Systems
F
Scanner communications
Scanner, using the interconnection cable
G
Grounding point
Vessel's ground using ground wire
Northstar 6000i, 6100i,
NMEA0183 compliant compass
Wiring the radar system | 25
4.4 Radar processor 2 kW: Connect the interconnection cable to
the radar processor
If the Interconnection cable is not attached or needs to be changed use the following steps
Run the 2 kW interconnection cable (either the standard 15 m [49 ft] or the optional 20 m [65.5
ft] cable) from the scanner to the radar processor.
Push the round connector (A) of the 2 kW interconnection cable into the scanner connection on
the radar processor and tighten the locking nut.
The interconnection cable pin details are provided here for information, in case the connector
needs to be removed to feed the cable.
The front view of the 2 kW interconnection cable is shown above.
2 kW interconnection cable pin details
Pin
Color/Name
Signal name
AWG size
1
Green (thick)
Power
#12
2
Yellow (thick)
Power GND
#12
3
Green (thin)
Pulse width
#24
4
Clear coax signal
Video
#24
5
Drain wire for 4
Video GND
#24
6
Drain wire for 7
Trig GND
#24
7
Black coax signal
Trig/STC
#24
8
White
BZ Tune to scanner
#24
9
Yellow
Tune from scanner
#24
10
White (thick)
No connection
#12
Shell
Braid shield
26 | Wiring the radar system
4.5 Radar processor 4 kW: Connect the interconnection cable to
the radar processor
•
Run the 4 kW interconnection cable from the scanner to the radar processor.
•
Push the round connector (A) of the 4 kW interconnection cable into the scanner
connection on the radar processor and tighten the locking nut.
•
The interconnection cable pin details are provided here for information, in case the
connector needs to be removed to feed the cable.
The front view of the 4 kW interconnection cable is shown above.
4 kW interconnection cable pin details
Pin
Signal Name
Description/Remarks
Color/Name
AWG size
1
2 A Input DC power
Isolated Ground
Blue (thick)
#16
2
2 A Input DC power
Isolated Ground
Purple (thick)
#16
3
1 A Input DC power
Isolated DC 10.8 V to 42 V
Red (thick)
#16
#16
4
1 A Input DC power
Isolated DC 10.8 V to 42 V
Yellow (thick)
5
VDE
Video Return Coax return
Drain wire (Coax line) #24
6
No connection
Not used
No connection
7
No connection
Not used
No connection
8
No connection
Not used
No connection
9
COM(+)
COM PORT RS485
Yellow (thin)
#24 twist pair
10
VD
Video Output Coax cable
@-2 V=100 dB
Clear Coax line
#24
No connection
11
No connection
Not used
12
BZ
Bearing Zero BZ - HDG Flash - Green (thin)
open collector
#24
13
COM(-)
COM PORT RS485
White (thin)
#24 twist pair
14
TIE
Trigger Return Shield return
Drain wire
#24
15
TI
Trigger Shield cable @ 1/PRF
Shield line
#24
16
BP
Bearing Pulse 2048
pulses/rotation
Orange (medium)
#18
Shell
Braid shield
Wiring the radar system | 27
4.6 Connect the power cable
A power cable is NOT supplied with the radar processor. A fuse / circuit breaker must be used
on the power cable supplying the radar processor.
Check the system specifications section for the recommended DC input voltage.
The power cable and fuse/circuit breaker requirements are shown in the table.
Scanner
Fuse/Circuit
breaker rating
Maximum length of power
cable
Power cable size
2 kW 12 V DC ONLY
5A
10 m (33 ft)
14 AWG
4 kW 12-24 V DC
10 A
8 m (26 ft)
14 AWG
Typically the fuse/circuit breaker would be located in a fuse/circuit breaker box with the
fuses/circuit breakers for other devices.
The radar processor must have its own exclusive fuse/circuit breaker. The fuse/circuit breaker
should be labeled appropriately.
To connect the power cable to the radar processor, you must:
•
Strip away approximately 0.4" (10 mm) of the shielding at the end of the power cable,
and then identify the positive wire and the negative wire
•
Unscrew the small holding screw from the positive power cable input connector (identified
by the + sign) on the radar processor
•
Insert the bare end of the positive wire into the positive power cable input connector to
make a connection
•
Tighten the small holding screw to hold the positive wire in place. Gently pull on the
positive wire to ensure that it is secured
•
Repeat this process to connect the negative wire to the negative power cable input
connector (identified by the – sign)
Note 2 kW system is for 12 V DC only.
28 | Wiring the radar system
4.7 Connect the ground wire
The radar processor has a chassis ground connection stud located on the far right hand side of
the unit. The chassis ground is DC isolated from power (–ve) to eliminate the risk of galvanic
corrosion.
If you are installing the radar processor on a vessel with a metal hull, connect the radar
processor chassis ground to the hull at the closest possible location, using 12 AWG wire (or
thicker):
The eyelets must be crimped or soldered at both locations (A) and the method of connection to
the vessel's hull is shown at (B).
If you are installing the radar processor on a vessel with a non-metallic hull, connect the radar
processor chassis ground to the vessel's ground network. If a vessel's ground network is not
available, leave the radar processor chassis ground unconnected.
4.8 Radar system checklist
When you've finished the wiring, visually check that:
•
Each component is securely mounted and able to withstand rough sea conditions.
•
All the cables are correctly installed; and
•
any cable shield mesh is correctly configured,
•
all cable entry points are watertight, and
•
water can't leak into the scanner.
Now you are ready to interface to your choice of display head.
Wiring the radar system | 29
5 Connect Simrad GB40 or Northstar 8000i
Both the Simrad GB40 and the Northstar 8000i systems interface to the Navico radar via an
ethernet network. Although the two types of display system have the same type of ethernet
network connectivity, they differ in the way they accept heading information for MARPA and
accurate chart overlay.
The Northstar 8000i requires NMEA 0183 heading information to be sent to both the Master
NavComputer and the radar processor module. The Simrad GB40 NavComputer gets heading
information over SimNet. The radar processor module requires the use of an AT10HD SimNet to
NMEA 0183 converter to feed SimNet heading information at 10 Hz for optimum MARPA
function.
Note. Do not use a standard AT10 converter, as this only passes heading information at 4 Hz.
5.1 Parts needed to connect radar to a GB40 or 8000i system
Qnt.
Item
1
Description
Scanner unit with
interconnection cable
2 kW or 4 kW
Part No.
For scanner part
numbers (see
"Navico radar part
numbers" page 75)
Radar Processor
Qnt.
Item
1
Description
Part No.
2 kw Radar Processor
AA010012
4 kw Radar Processor
AA010013
Ethernet cables: (Simrad GB40 and Northstar 8000i)
The connection between the radar processor and the GB40/8000i system is via an ethernet network. One
ethernet cable is used to connect the radar to a Navico 8 port network linke. Select the desired length.
If there is only one NavComputer with radar, a crossover cable can be used.
Part No.
Description
AA010079
Ethernet cable 0.5 m (1.6 ft) male / male connectors
AA010080
Ethernet cable 2 m (6.5 ft) male / male connectors
AA010081
Ethernet cable 5 m (16.5 ft) male / male connectors
AA010082
Ethernet cable 10 m (30 ft) male / male connectors
AA010083
Ethernet cable joiner 0.5 m (1.6 ft) female / female
AA010086
Ethernet cable bulk roll 100 m (328 ft) un-terminated
AA010087
Ethernet cable bulk roll 300 m (985 ft) un-terminated
AA010085
Ethernet connector. Field terminating ethernet connector for bull ethernet cable
30 | Connect Simrad GB40 or Northstar 8000i
Ethernet crossover cable
Used to connect the radar processor directly to a NavComputer. Cable has female connectors on both ends
and joins two of the above standard ethernet cables together (see "Simrad GB40 using SimNet heading
sensor" page 32)
AA010084
Optional parts to connect (GB40 only)
24006694
AT10-HD
This is used to supply the radar
processor with heading information at
10 Hz from a SimNet heading source.
This is needed for MARPA and
accurate chart overlay. This connects
to the 12 pin NMEA / COMMS
connector on the radar processor.
Optional parts to connect (GB40 and 8000i) utility cable
AA010070
This is used to supply the radar
processor with NMEA 0183 heading
information at 10 Hz from an NMEA
0183 heading source. This connects to
the 12 pin NMEA / COMMS connector
on the radar processor.
Connect Simrad GB40 or Northstar 8000i | 31
5.2 Simrad GB40 using SimNet heading sensor
The diagram below details how to connect the Navico radar to a GB40 system using an Ethernet
crossover cable (F), or using the 8 port ethernet linker (G). High speed heading is via SimNet
(D).
For key information
32 | Connect Simrad GB40 or Northstar 8000i
5.3 Northstar 8000i / Simrad GB40 using a NMEA 0183 heading
sensor
The diagram below shows how to connect the radar to a Northstar 8000i or Simrad GB40
system for vessels that use a NEMA 0183 heading sensor.
For key information
Connect Simrad GB40 or Northstar 8000i | 33
The compass must be NMEA compliant and configured as follows:
• 10 Hz update rate
4800 baud
•
The compass must be able to supply the NMEA 0183 HDT, HDM, and HDG heading sentences
(all other sentence types will be ignored).
The NMEA compass must be directly connected to the 8000i / GB40 through the Utility port and
the radar processor through the NMEA/COMMS port.
Compass data is appended to the radar data by the radar processor and then broadcast over
the network to the 8000i or GB40 displays and other devices. This enables more precise radar
chart overlay and target tracking (MARPA).
The NMEA compass cable is not supplied but the pinout of the NMEA/COMMS port is shown for
information:
Pin
Function
3
NMEA TX+ data
4
NMEA Ground
5
NMEA Rx-data
6
NMEA RX+ data
9
Shield
11
12 V Compass power (100 mA max)
It is recommended that a single compass data source is used for a 8000i network.
Key
A
B
Part No.
Description
2 kW AA010024
2 kW scanner comes with a 15 m (49 ft) cable attached. (B)
4 kW AA010025
4 kW scanner comes with a 15 m (49ft) cable that will need to be connected
to the scanner. Cable from Scanner connects to Radar Processor box. An
optional longer cable is available but only up to 20 m (65.5 ft).
2 kW AA010089
Optional 20 m (65.5 ft) scanner cable. Will require disassembly of dome to
connect this replacement cable. Cable has radar processor connector on one
end, and three small terminated flat connectors on the other.
4 kW AA010091
CAUTION: This cable should only be installed by an experienced radar
service technician!
C
2 kW AA010012
4 kW AA010013
Radar processor module. No cables supplied. Connects to GB40 system via
Ethernet.
The radar box requires heading @ 10 Hz. For vessels using NMEA 0183,
order cable AA010070 to connect to a suitable heading sensor.
2 kW system is 12 V DC ONLY 25 W max. Power connects to the two screw
terminals.
4 kW system is 12 or 24 V DC
D
24006694
AT10HD SimNet to NMEA 0183 converter converts SimNet heading to 0183
@ 10 Hz to allow for accurate MARPA and overlay.
Has two SimNet ports to sit on SimNet Bus and a 2 m (6 ft) cable
terminating with 12 pin female connector. This plugs into socket labeled
NMEA / COMMS on the radar processor box.
D1
AA010070
Utility cable 2 m (6 ft) with 12 pin female connector on one end and 12 bare
wires on the other. This plugs into socket labeled Utility on the 8000i or
GB40 Master NavComputer. This cable is shipped with each NavComputer.
D2
AA010070
Same cable as D1 but uses different colours. Cable needs to be ordered
separately. Connects to the radar processor labeled NMEA /COMMS.
E
Ethernet cables: All ethernet cables need to be ordered. They are not
supplied with any product. They are available in four lengths as well as self
terminating bulk rolls
AA010079
34 | Connect Simrad GB40 or Northstar 8000i
Ethernet cable 0.5 m (1.6 ft) male / male connectors
F
AA010080
Ethernet cable 2 m (6.5 ft) male / male connectors
AA010081
Ethernet cable 5 m (16.5 ft) male / male connectors
AA010082
Ethernet cable 10 m (30 ft) male / male connectors
AA010083
Ethernet cable joiner 0.5 m (1.6 ft) female / female
AA010086
Ethernet cable bulk roll 100 m (328 ft) un-terminated
AA010087
Ethernet cable bulk roll 300 m (985 ft) un-terminated
AA010085
Ethernet connector. Field terminating ethernet connector for bulk ethernet
cable
AA010084
Ethernet cross-over joiner cable 0.5 m (1.6 ft) female / female.
This can be used to connect no more than 2 network devices together e.g a
radar processor and a GB40 NavComputer.
The cable has female connectors at each end. Two standard ethernet cables
are required to link to network devices.
Connector ends are red in color.
Tip:
When deciding which standard ethernet cables to orde,r locate the crossover
joiner where logically a network linker could be placed in the future if the
system was upgraded.
If more than 2 ethernet devices are going to be used please use the Navico 8
Port Linker (see G).
G
AA010009
Navico 8 port ethernet linker: Used to connect more then two ethernet
devices together. Ships with power cable only. Order ethernet cables
additionally. 12 / 24 V DC
H
22090195 or
RC42 heading sensor (or use SimNet heading output from and autopilot)
22090187
or FC40 Fluxgate Compass
22084446
RC37 race compass or heading sensor with 10 Hz output.
H1
Note: Make sure the heading sensor shares the same ground as the
NavComputer
I
Simrad GB40 NavComputer
I*
Simrad GB40 NavComputer second station
I1
Northstar 8000i or Simrad GB40 NavComputer Master
I* 1
Northstar 8000i or Simrad GB40 second station
5.4 Setup the radar with the GB40 or 8000i
Starting up the Radar
When commissioning the Navico radar, leave the unit on Standby for 20 minutes
before transmitting. This makes sure the magnetron reaches optimum operating
temperature, extending the lifetime and aiding the auto tune function. Normal use
afterwards only requires the standard standby count down.
•
Select Radar on your OP30 controller or touch screen (8000i),
•
Radar Mode shows the current radar mode.
•
Select Radar Mode to display an option list:
Transmit
If the radar was in Standby mode, it will start transmitting immediately.
If the radar was Off there will be a pause of 90 - 180 seconds while the radar warms ups
before it starts transmitting.
Connect Simrad GB40 or Northstar 8000i | 35
Standby
This stops transmission, but keeps the radar ready to transmit again.
Off
This saves on power consumption (but you must turn it on and wait for the radar to warm
up before you can use it again).
The radar transmits until you change the radar mode to Standby or Off.
Set Radar Range offset (trigger delay)
The radar sweep should commence at your vessel (a radar range of zero). You may need to
adjust the radar range offset to achieve this. (The radar range offset is also known as the
trigger delay.)
If this is set incorrectly, a large dark circle in the center of the sweep might occur. You might
notice straight objects such as straight sea walls or piers having curves or an indentation.
Objects close to your vessel may appear “pulled in” or “pushed out”. To rectify this, adjust the
radar range offset using either the straight line or the circle method.
To adjust the radar range offset using the straight line method:
•
Position the vessel about 45 m to 100 m (50 yards to 100 yards) from a straight-walled jetty
or similar feature that produces a straight line echo on the display.
•
Select the 1/8 mile range.
•
Adjust the gain setting until a reasonably good image of the jetty echo is displayed.
•
Adjust the radar range offset to make the jetty echo appear as a straight line on the display,
as shown:
OR
To adjust the radar range offset using the circle method:
If it is not possible to position the vessel near a suitable target, perform a rough set up of the
range offset by using the circle at the center of the radar screen as a guide.
If your Radar screen has:
•
A wide black circle around the center with no echoes, increase the radar range offset until
it almost disappears.
•
No black circle at the center but center is covered with echo, decrease the radar range
offset until a black circle just starts to appear at the center.
To change the radar range offset:
•
Display the Radar screen and main menu. If you can't see the Adjust Radar button,
select Return.
•
Select Adjust Radar, then select Installation.
•
Select Radar Range Offset then use Up and Down to adjust the current setting.
•
Select OK to confirm the new setting.
36 | Connect Simrad GB40 or Northstar 8000i
Change the radar bearing alignment
Use the radar bearing alignment to rotate Radar image, one degree at a time, so that a known
object dead ahead is directly under the vessel's heading marker.
This means that the Radar image is aligned with the displayed chart and the compass. An
accurate bearing alignment is particularly important when the radar image is overlain onto the
chart.
It's best to do this on a page showing a Chart screen with the radar overlay on in one pane and
a Radar screen in the other pane.
To change the radar bearing alignment:
•
Select Pages. If you:
-
don't have a page that shows the Radar screen in one pane and the Chart screen in
the other pane, edit or create a page that shows these two screens.
-
do have a page that shows the Radar screen in one pane and the Chart screen in the
other, select it.
•
Check that the Chart screen has the Radar Overlay turned On.
•
Select the Radar pane so that it becomes the active pane. If you can't see the Adjust
Radar button, select Return.
•
Select Adjust Radar, then select Installation.
•
The Bearing Alignment button shows the current setting. Select it to change the
setting. Use the Up and Down buttons to move the radar image one degree at a time,
until the radar overlay is aligned with the chart.
•
Select OK.
•
Select Return.
Other radar settings
To enter radar setup options:
•
Select Pages, then Setup from the main menu.
•
Select + Radar to display a list of options.
-Radar
Default
Installer
defined
Description
Radar Antenna Height
(Small Distance Units)
4 m/13.12 ft
Sets the antenna height above the
water-line so that the sea clutter control
works properly.
Radar Open Array Parking Angle
(Deg)
0
Sets the angle that the radar scanner
will come to rest.
X
When powered, the radar will warm up,
then go into standby mode.
Radar Power on Action
Standby
Remain Off
When powered, the radar will remain
off.
Radar Information
switch
•
Displays magnetron hours information
for the 10 kW and 25 kW scanners.
Select Return.
Connect Simrad GB40 or Northstar 8000i | 37
6 Connect Simrad NX40 / NX45, Northstar M84 / M121
6.1 Parts needed NX40/45 and M84/M121
Qnt.
Item
1
Description
Scanner unit with
interconnection cable
2 kW or 4 kW
Part No.
For scanner part
numbers (see
"Check the radar
parts" page 10)
Radar Processor
Qnt.
Item
1
Description
Part No.
2 kw Radar Processor
AA010012
4 kw Radar Processor
AA010013
If you're connecting the radar to a Simrad NX40/NX45 or a Northstar M841 or M121, you need
the AA010112 connection kit or serial connection cable AA010114 (NX40/45 with heading via
SimNet). These are not supplied as standard and must be ordered separately.
Radar connection kit AA010112
Qnt.
Item
Description
Radar connection kit
1
38 | Connect Simrad NX40 / NX45, Northstar M84 / M121
Part No.
AA010112
HD Radar serial comms
cable 3 m (9.75 ft)
AA010114
Radar processor heading
sensor/display Y cable
AA010113
Radar processor NMEA in
cable 250 mm (9.75")
AA010116
Heading sensor (optional)
Qnt.
1
Item
Description
FC40 Fluxgate Compass
Part No.
22090187
OR
RC42 Rate Compass.
22090195
These have a 5.5 m (18 ft)
SimNet cable attached.
Connect using the radar
accessories kit.
Alternatively use an NMEA
0183 heading sensor and
connect via display unit
power cable.
6.2 Simrad NX40/45 Northstar M84/M121 radar connections
Connect Simrad NX40 / NX45, Northstar M84 / M121 | 39
A
B
2 kW scanner comes with a 15 m (49 ft) cable (B) attached.
For scanner part
numbers (see
4 kW scanner comes with a 15 m (49 ft) cable (B) which will need to be
"Navico radar part connected
numbers" page 75)
2 kW AA010089
4 kW AA010090
Optional 20 m (65.5 ft) scanner cable . Will require disassembly of scanner to
connect. Cable has a radar processor connector on one end, and three small
terminated flat connectors on the other.
CAUTION: This cable should only be installed by an experienced radar service
technician!
C
D
2 kW AA010012
4 kW AA010013
Radar processor. No cables supplied. Connects to displays via RS485 protocol,
using optional radar connection cable kit. The 2 kW system is 12 V DC ONLY
25 W max. The 4 kW is 12-24 V DC
AA010150
AT40 SimNet to NMEA0183 converter. Supplied with NX40.
AA010169
AT45 SimNet to NMEA0183 converter. Supplied with NX45.
Converts SimNet data to NMEA 0183. Data from the SimNet such as position
and heading is passed into the NX unit to allow for accurate chart overlay.
Note: If there is no heading sensor on SimNet, chart overlay can be achieved
when the boat is underway and moving at a speed greater than 1 knot.
The AT40/AT45 has two SimNet ports and a 2 m (6 ft) cable terminating with
8 pin female connector. This plugs into socket labeled GPS on the NX40 NX45
display.
AA002461 HD Radar Connection Kit
E
AA010114
HD radar serial comms cable 3 m (9.8 ft):
This cable connects the NX display unit to the radar processor. The cable has
a 8 pin female connector on one end which attaches to the port labeled
RADAR on the NX unit. The other end has a 12 pin female connector which
connects to the port labeled NMEA / COMMS on the radar processor
F
AA010113
Heading sensor Y cable, optional method:
Single end has a 12 pin female which connects to HD radar processor port
labeled NMEA /COMMS.
Connector 1 has a 12 pin male. Cable E connects to this then to the NX
display.
Connector 2 has a 8 pin male and connects to cable G which terminates in
bare wires.
G
AA010116
NMEA Receive Cable, optional method:
250 mm has an 8 pin female that connect to the cable F. The other end has
bare wires. Black is NMEA IN negative. White is NMEA IN positive. This
connects to the NMEA 0183 heading sensor (NMEA out). A junction box may
be required.
F
700-4100-001
Navico GS10 SimNet GPS antenna. Can ship with NX unit depending on part
number of display (see below).
The antenna has a 5 m (16.5 ft) SimNet cable attached.
Installation note. The SimNet backbone needs to be planned to go within a 5
m cable run of the antenna.
G
H
22090195
RC42 Heading sensor (or use SimNet heading output from an autopilot). A
heading sensor is optional when using an NX. If there is no heading sensor,
course over ground from the GPS is used.
Simrad NX40 or NX 45 or Northstar M84 or M121.
40 | Connect Simrad NX40 / NX45, Northstar M84 / M121
6.3 Set up the radar with the Simrad NX40/45 or Northstar
M84/M121
When the radar is enabled, it will turn on, warm up, and enter standby mode.
To enable the radar functionality:
•
Press Setup (NX) or menu twice to display the Setup menu, then select system
•
Set Radar to
•
The radar immediately turns on and enters warm-up mode. A message shows how long
this will take.
.
When the warm-up period is complete, the radar enters standby mode and is ready to transmit.
•
Select Installation:
Zero bearing
Use the zero bearing alignment to rotate the radar image, one degree at a time, so that a
known object dead ahead is directly under the boat’s heading marker.
This means that the radar image is aligned with the displayed chart and the compass. An
accurate bearing alignment is particularly important when the radar image is overlaid onto the
chart.
Adjust this on a chart window with the radar overlay on.
•
Select Zero bearing then use the arrow keys to enter the new bearing angle.
Zero range
The zero range is also known as the radar range offset and as the trigger delay.
If your radar window shows a blank, black circle around the centre or a solid circle of color at
the centre, you need to adjust the zero range setting until this circle disappears or almost
disappears. Ideally, the radar sweep should start at your boat (a radar range of zero).
To adjust the zero range setting:
•
Position the boat about 45 to 90 m (50 to 100 yards) away from and parallel to a
straight-walled jetty or similar feature.
•
Adjust the gain setting if necessary, so that a reasonably good image of the jetty echo is
displayed on the radar window. At this stage, the jetty echo may appear to be bent.
•
Select Zero range then use the arrow keys to adjust the zero range setting until the jetty
echo appears as a straight line on the radar window.
Antenna height
•
Select Antenna height then enter the height of the antenna above sea level.
Connect Simrad NX40 / NX45, Northstar M84 / M121 | 41
7 Connect Northstar 6000i / 6100i
7.1 Parts needed to connect to a Northstar 6000i / 6100i
Qnt.
Item
1
Description
Scanner unit with
interconnection cable
2 kW or 4 kW
Part No.
For scanner part
numbers (see "Navico
radar part numbers"
page 75)
Radar Processor
Qnt.
Item
1
Description
Part No.
2 kw Radar Processor
AA010012
4 kw Radar Processor
AA010013
NS003107 cable for 6000i and 6100i installations only - supplied with 6000i and 6100i system
Qnt.
Item
Description
Radar communications
cable
1
Part No.
NS003107
NS003108 Optional extension cable for 6000i and 6100i installations only - order separately
Qnt.
Item
Description
Radar
communications
extension cable
1
Part No.
NS003108
Serial comms extension cables + adapter
Qnt.
1
Item
Description
16.4 ft (5 m) extension and
adapter
49.25 ft (15 m) extension
and adapter
42 | Connect Northstar 6000i / 6100i
Part No.
AA002430
AA002432
7.2 Connect the radar processor to a 6000i or 6100i display
The following diagram shows the recommended method for connecting a radar processor to a
Northstar 6000i or 6100i display unit:
If you are connecting the radar to a Northstar 6000i or 6100i system, a 10 ft (3 m) radar
communications cable (NS003107) is supplied with the 6000i or 6100i system. If this is not
long enough, an optional 6 ft (1.8 m) extension cable (NS003108) can be added between the
radar processor and the 6000i. This extension cable is not supplied as standard, and must be
ordered separately.
B
To NMEA Device 1
C
To NMEA Device 2
D
To Smartcraft
E
Remote power
F
Circuit breaker/fuse box
G
Optional radar communications extension cable (NS003108)
H
Vessel's Ground
I
NTSC Video Input
J
Fuse (7A)
K
GPS antenna
L
Power
M
NMEA
N
Ethernet
0
AUX
P
VGA (out)
Connect Northstar 6000i / 6100i | 43
7.3 Connect the radar communications cable (NS003107) to the
junction box
The radar communications cable (NS003107) splits the 14 pin connector of the 6000i/6100i into
(three) 3 different connectors, Bare Wires, Radar Comms and SmartCraft. This cable allows the
6000i/6100i to connect to NMEA devices (Bare Ends) or to Navico digital radar (Connector 1) or
to a SmartCraft junction box (connector 2).
The output of the internal wires of the cable are in some cases duplicated, for example, pin 6
on the connector ends the white/brown bare end and the pin 1 of the radar comms connector. It
is critical that the connector pins sharing multiple outputs such as pin 6 not be connected at the
same time to different devices. i.e. If you are connecting a 6000i/6100i to the Navico radar
processor box you must not connect any other device to the bare ends White/Brown,
Brown/White, Yellow, Orange, Black, Orange/White and Drain.
The free ends of the radar communications cable (NS003107) must be terminated in a junction
box or isolated from each other (see the figure in the previous section). The junction box is not
supplied.
The communications cable has a 0.41" (10.5 mm) diameter. The junction box must be
waterproof and large enough to contain a 20 way strip connector.
All cable entry points should use suitable grommets or glands to ensure that waterproofing is
maintained.
The table shows the wiring and pin details of the radar communications cable. The naming
convention for the bi-colored wires is primary color/stripe; for example, White/Orange refers to
a white colored wire with an orange stripe.
* DO NOT connect the bare wires if the radar comms (connector 1) is connected to the
radar processor box
**DO NOT connect these bare wires if the SmartCraft (connector 2) is connected to
the SmartCraft gateway
NMEA devices must be connected to an unused NMEA port on the connector strip.
The remote power signal configuration is explained in "Configure the remote power control for a
6000i or 6100i (common power source)" and "Configure the remote power control for a 6000i or
6100i (different power sources)".
Wire function
6000i/6100i
connector PIN
PI
N
Bare wires
Color
Radar comms
(connector 1)
Color
Pin
Color
NMEA 1 IN A
3
Brown
Brown
NMEA 1 IN B
1
Blue
Blue
NMEA 1 IN GROUND
4
White/Blue
White/Blue
NMEA 1 OUT A
12
Violet
Violet
NMEA 1 OUT B
7
Gray
Gray
NMEA 1 OUT
GROUND
8
Blue/White
Blue/White
NMEA 2 IN A
6
White/Brown
White/Brown *
1
Green
NMEA 2 IN B
2
Brown/White
Brown/White *
2
Red
NMEA 2 IN GROUND
5
White
White *
NMEA 2 OUT A
15
Yellow
Yellow *
7
Orange
NMEA 2 OUT B
11
Orange
Orange *
8
Blue
44 | Connect Northstar 6000i / 6100i
SmartCraft
(connector 2)
Pin
Color
NMEA 2 OUT
GROUND
10
Black
Black
RS-232 GROUND
17
Tan
Tan
1
White
RS-232 RX
16
Green
Green **
3
Green
RS-232 TX
18
Red
Red **
8
Red
REMOTE SAVE
13
Orange/White
Orange/White
6000i or 6100i
REMOTE POWER OUT
14
Pink
Pink
SHIELD
9
Drain
Drain
RADAR REMOTE
POWER IN
White/Orange
12
Yellow
9
Drain
10
Brown
* See cautions above.
** See cautions above.
The end view of the (three) 3 connectors are shown:
6000i/6100 connector NMEA pin
assignments
Connector 1 - Radar
NMEA/Communications pin
assignments
Connector 2 - SmartCraft pin
assignments
Connect Northstar 6000i / 6100i | 45
7.4 Configure the remote power control for a 6000i or 6100i
(common power source)
There is a choice of two different modes for powering the radar ON/OFF:
Power on Option 1
•
If you want the radar to power ON automatically whenever the 6000i or 6100i is powered
ON, program the Honk Output as REMOTE PWR in the 6000i or 6100i. This option is
contained in the Alarms menu. (To access the Alarms menu, repeatedly press the * key until
the Alarms menu is visible.) You must also connect the Pink wire (Pin 14) to the
White/Orange wire (Pin 13) in the junction box.
Power on Option 2
•
If you want the radar to power ON automatically when the radar processor is powered ON,
connect the White/Orange (pin 13) wire to a Black NMEA 2 ground (pin 10) in the junction
box.
Important: This remote power control option works correctly only when the 6000i or 6100i and
the radar processor share the same power earth and are located within 16.5 ft (5 m) of each
other.
46 | Connect Northstar 6000i / 6100i
7.5 Configure the remote power control for a 6000i or 6100i
(different power sources)
When the 6000i or 6100i and the radar processor have isolated power supplies, or are located
more than 16.5 ft (5 m) apart, there is a choice of two different modes for powering the radar
ON/OFF:
• If you want the radar to power ON automatically whenever the 6000i or 6100i is powered
ON, use the following power ON/OFF configuration:
If you want the radar to power ON automatically when the radar processor is powered ON, omit
the relay and leave Pin 10 and 12 on Connector 1 (the NMEA/COMMS connector) as No Connect.
Connect Northstar 6000i / 6100i | 47
Key for above two drawings
A
AA010024NOR
2 kW scanner comes with 15 m (49 ft) cable attached. Cable from Scanner
connects to Radar Processor box. An optional longer cable is available but only up
to 20 m (65.5 ft).
B
AA010089
Optional 20 m (65.5 ft) scanner cable. Will require disassembly of dome to
connect this replacement cable. Cable has radar processor connector on one end,
and three small terminated flat connectors on the other.
CAUTION: This cable should only be installed by an experienced radar service
technician!
C
AA010012
2 kW radar processor box. No cables supplied. Connects to 6x00i system via
RS422.
The radar box requires heading @ 10 Hz. For vessels with SimNet heading, use
an AT10HD (see D) SimNet NMEA 0103 converter. Ethernet cables need to
ordered (see E).
2 kW system is 12 V DC ONLY 25 W max. Power connects to the two screw
terminals.
D
E
NS003107
Radar and communications cable 3 m (9.6 ft) included with 6x00i.
D1
Radar Connection cable 0.5 m (1.6 ft) 12 pin female. Connects to the radar
processor port labeled NMEA / COMMS or can be extended using optional
NS003108 (E).
D2
Smartcraft Gateway interface (optional) 0.5 m (1.6 ft) 8 pin male.
D3
NMEA / RS232 / Remote power on cable 0.5 m (1.6 ft) terminating in bare wires.
All unused wires must be isolated from each other.
NS003108
Radar and communications extension cable 3 m (9.6 ft).
F
RC37 heading sensor or third party NMEA 0183 heading sensor which can output
heading at greater than 10 Hz.
G
Junction box (not supplied).
H
Power on option 1
I
Power on option 2
J
NS6000i / 6100i display head (master display on a multi-display system).
K
Relay
48 | Connect Northstar 6000i / 6100i
Power on option 3 used when 6x00i and radar processor have isolated power
supplies or are located more than 5 m (16.5 ft) apart.
7.6 Set up the radar with the Northstar 6000i or 6100i
7.7 Turn the radar on and off
Before you turn on the radar for the first time
To extend magnetron lifetime, you're recommended to leave the radar in Standby mode for 30
minutes when activating the radar for the VERY FIRST time. (When the radar is in Standby
mode, it's NOT transmitting but it is powered up – this allows the magnetron heater to
stabilize). Then, after 30 minutes, press the RADAR ON key to test and align.
If you are using the radar with the 6000i or 6100i, press CLR (NOT ENT) the VERY FIRST time
when the radar transmit activation message appears. After this first time, you can press ENT
anytime this screen appears. If the radar has not already warmed up, the radar countdown
timer will appear – typically 90 seconds on lower powered radars – then the radar will
automatically start transmitting.
Turn the radar on
IMPORTANT: Do not use the navigator's Demo Mode when the radar is switched on.
Several menu buttons on the radar display must be activated before the adjustment they
control can be changed. Here's how they work:
• any button displayed in red is already active. Press it, or use the keypad or cursor controls
to adjust the value.
•
any button displayed in blue is inactive. Press it once to activate it.
The radar normally provides a good picture when used in its automatic modes described in
"Configure the navigator". In many cases, the picture can be improved by using the Range
Rider mode.
Before turning ON the radar for the first time to set it up, check that the vessel's DC primary
power supply is within the recommended range of 10.8 V to 16 V for a 12 V system, or 21.6 V
to 32 V for a 24 V system.
Check that everyone is outside the radiation hazard area and any rotation hazard area.
Turn ON the radar as follows:
•
Turn ON the radar processor by installing the fuse or by turning ON the circuit breaker to
the radar system.
•
Turn ON the navigator (display) unit. The power switch is on the front panel.
Turn the radar off
Be sure to turn the scanner OFF before servicing the scanner or working in the vicinity
of a rotating open array.
Turn the radar OFF by removing the fuse or by switching OFF the radar's dedicated
circuit breaker.
Depending on the power switch configuration, the radar may automatically turn OFF
when the navigator (display) unit is turned OFF.
Connect Northstar 6000i / 6100i | 49
7.8 Configure the navigator communications
IMPORTANT: If you are going to operate the radar without a heading sensor, ignore this section
and set up the radar as described in "Disable the header sensor input".
To enable the radar to communicate with the navigator, set up the radar option on the
navigator's PORT 2 SETUP screen as follows:
•
Press STAR several times to display the OPTIONS/SERVICE INFO screen.
•
Press Port Setup Options.
•
Press Port 2 Setup and use the Cursor Pad to select the Output Format line.
•
Press Edit, then use the Cursor Pad to select Radar.
•
Press Enter. The change is made immediately and you do not need to restart the
navigator.
7.9 Adjust the appearance settings
The Mode, Rain Clutter, Sea Clutter and Gain are usually set to automatic mode to obtain an
excellent image under most conditions and, by default, allow you to see any approaching
weather rain cells for maximum safety. However, these settings may need minor adjustments
depending on the location of the radar.
To access these controls, press Page 2 from the main radar screen.
•
The Mode key determines how the gain and clutter keys work. It has the following
settings:
•
Auto 1 and Auto 2 are for normal, open-water conditions. The two automatic modes can
be optimized for two different conditions.
•
Harbor automatically optimizes the radar settings for use in a harbor. This is the default
setting.
•
Range Rider is a Navico exclusive feature recommended for use when manual settings
are required. You can make changes to the clutter and gain settings for different ranges,
and the Range Rider will store these settings for each range. Then, when you select a
particular range again, the settings are already optimized.
•
Manual is a fully manual function in which you will usually need to adjust the settings
manually each time you change the range.
Gain and Sea Clutter appearance settings are available in Auto1, Auto 2 and Harbor modes.
These can be accessed by pressing the Gain or Sea Clutter buttons while in Auto1, Auto 2 or
Harbor mode with Gain or Sea Clutter set to Auto.
The default appearance setting is 25 for both Gain and Sea Clutter for all ranges.
The appearance settings can be adjusted between 0 and 50. This represents a +/- 25 step
offset away from the nominal Auto mode setting. The value set will be applied only to the
current range.
50 | Connect Northstar 6000i / 6100i
7.10 Heading sensor requirements
The heading sensor can be a stand-alone unit or may be integrated into an auto-pilot system,
provided that it supplies the NMEA 0183 HDG, HDT, OSD, HCC, HCD or HDM heading sentences
to the navigator. It must output data at a 10 Hz update rate.
If the heading sensor requires sea trial calibration, perform the manufacturer's recommended
calibration procedure before you calibrate the radar heading.
Heading calibration should be performed during initial setup, annually, and after any major
structural changes to the vessel.
The Northstar 6000i and 6100i accepts the following standard NMEA 0183 sentences from a
heading sensor (such as the Simrad RC37 Rate compass) to obtain the following heading
information: HDG, HDT, OSD, HCC, HCD, and HDM.
For sensor installation and calibration instructions, see the sensor manufacturer's Installation
Manual. In addition, the navigator must be calibrated to the heading sensor (see "Set the
heading calibration (heading sensor installed)" page 53) and, for a 6000i or 6100i system
installation also see "GM6KIM Rev D (6000i Installation Manual)" or the new "MN000320A
Northstar 6000i & 6100i Installation Manual"
7.11 Disable the heading sensor input
The heading sensor is configured by default when the navigator is configured for radar.
If a heading sensor is NOT installed and connected, you must remove its configuration as
follows:
•
Turn on the navigator and wait for it to complete its power-up sequence.
•
Press RADAR to display the radar screen on the 6000i or 6100i.
•
The system asks if you want to turn on the scanner. Press Enter to turn it on.
•
Press Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, and Install... to show the installation screen.
•
Press Hdg Sensor Installed to change its displayed status to No.
•
Press STAR to display the alarm screen, then press Clear Alarm. This clears the heading
sensor alarm.
7.12 Calibrating the radar
You must calibrate the newly installed radar by adjusting the trigger delay and the heading
calibration.
To evaluate medium and short range returns, you are recommended to perform the calibration
at sea in a normal operating environment and under fair weather conditions. There should be
an area of at least 3 nautical miles forward of the vessel, containing known targets including the
coastline. A wave height of about one to two feet (half a meter) to create some sea clutter, is
ideal. Do not perform the calibration in an enclosed or busy area such as a boatyard.
Attempts to tune and calibrate under less than recommended conditions may lead to
substandard performance. A sea trial that allows the selection and use of all the ranges is highly
desirable.
7.13 Prepare for calibration
Prepare for calibration as follows:
•
Press RADAR to display the radar screen on the 6000i or 6100i.
•
The unit may ask if you want to turn on the scanner. If it does, turn it on. You should
see range rings displayed on the screen or the scanner warm-up countdown followed by a
message saying "Radar is OFF". If nothing appears, the radar control box is not powered
up or not properly interfaced to the navigator. Check the power wiring, interface wiring,
and navigator communications configuration.
•
Press Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, then Restore... .
Connect Northstar 6000i / 6100i | 51
•
Press Restore factory settings. (A new Northstar 6000i or 6100i is shipped with
standard factory settings that are appropriate for basic operation.)
•
Press Return.
7.14 Tune the radar
The Navico radar uses a fully automatic tuning procedure that continuously checks for optimum
adjustment during operation. Navico recommends using auto tuning mode for normal operation.
For special situations requiring manual tuning, refer to Manual tuning procedure for the 6000i or
6100i system (see "Manual tuning procedure for the 6000i or 6100i system" page 55).
Tune the radar so that the radar receiver frequency matches the transmitter frequency.
For normal operation of a Navico radar, you're recommended to set the tuning mode to Auto.
To tune the unit manually refer to the section Manual tuning procedure for the 6000i or 6100i
system (see "Manual tuning procedure for the 6000i or 6100i system" page 55). To
check the tuning mode or change it to Auto:
•
Press RADAR to display the radar screen on the 6000i or 6100i.
•
Press Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, then Install... and then Tune... .
•
If necessary, press Tune mode repeatedly until it displays Auto.
7.15 Set the STC Curve
The STC (Sensitivity Time Control) attempts to compensate for the high strength of nearby
echoes compared with the very much weaker echoes from distant objects. It lowers the
receiver gain when the pulse is transmitted, and raises the gain as echoes return from longer
distances. Ideally, the result is that all echoes are displayed with strengths proportional to the
reflectivity of the objects. A graph showing the receiver gain plotted against time is called the
STC curve. You can select different curve shapes, if required for special applications.
The height of the scanner affects the STC curve shape needed for the sea control to effectively
reduce sea clutter. The STC curve shape corresponds to the scanner's height (in meters) above
the waterline; for example, if the scanner is 20 ft (6 m) above the waterline, select STC curve 6.
Curve 4 is the default, and represents a scanner 13 ft (4 m) above the waterline.
To select a different curve:
•
Press RADAR to display the radar screen on the 6000i or 6100i.
•
Press Page 2, Page 3, Page 4 then Install... and then Tune... .
•
Press STC Curve then use the keypad to enter a curve number from 0 to 8.
7.16 Set the trigger delay
There are two methods that you can use to set the trigger delay. The two methods should
produce very similar settings. Method 1 is easier to perform but Method 2 may produce more
accurate results. You can use either, or both, methods.
Set the trigger delay after you have restored the factory settings (see "Prepare for calibration")
OR manually turn off the Interference Rejection, Trails and Expand functions.
Method 1
Use this method when the vessel is in open water with few or no nearby echoes.
•
Display the main radar screen then press Page 2.
•
Press zoom Range - several items to zoom in to the maximum magnification.
•
If necessary, press Mode to make it read Manual.
•
Press Rain Clutter, then press 0 twice to set the rain clutter value to zero.
•
Press Sea Clutter, then press 0 three times to set the sea clutter value to zero.
52 | Connect Northstar 6000i / 6100i
•
Press Gain, then press 1, 5, 0 to set the gain to 150. If you are using standard screen
colors, the display will show a green ring with a black center or solid green circle. If it
doesn't, try changing the gain value until you can see the green ring and black center
clearly. (If the gain is set too high, the display may be saturated.)
•
Press Page 3, Page 4, and Install... .
•
Press Trigger Delay, then press 000 on the keypad to set the trigger delay to zero.
•
Increase the trigger delay by pressing the Cursor Pad to the right (or enter a larger
number on the keypad). The black circle will shrink as you increase the trigger delay.
Set the trigger delay so that the black center just disappears, with only one or two dots
remaining in the center of the display.
Method 2
Use this method when the vessel is about 50 to 100 yards (45 to 90 m) from a
straight-walled jetty or similar feature that produces a straight line echo on the
display.
•
Adjust the gain setting until a reasonably good image of the jetty echo is displayed.
•
Adjust the Trigger Delay to make the jetty echo appear as a straight line on the display,
as shown:
7.17 Set the heading calibration (heading sensor installed)
The heading calibration rotates the radar image on the screen to line it up with the displayed
chart and the compass. Accurate heading calibration is particularly important when the radar
image is overlain onto the chart.
Note: Make sure the heading sensor is calibrated according to the manufacturer's
recommendations.
•
When performing a sea trial of the vessel, set a straight course for a solid object such as
a lighthouse, jetty or radar navigation marker that is at least 1 nautical mile distant as
referenced on the chart.
•
Press CHART to display the chart then press Overlay to show the radar echoes overlain
on the chart.
•
Set the chart rotation to North-Up by pressing Rotate several times until North-Up is
displayed.
•
Find a target at least 1 nautical mile distant that appears on both the chart and the radar
overlay. Do not choose a beach or a buoy as a target; instead, choose an obvious land
pattern or solid object with a fixed reference point such as a jetty, lighthouse, or pier.
•
Zoom in as necessary to place identifiable objects near the outer edge of the screen.
•
Press Control so that it displays Radar.
•
Press Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, and Install... .
•
Press Heading Calibrate then press the Cursor Pad left and right to rotate the radar
image so that the radar target matches its compass heading on the chart and lines up on
top of the position shown on the chart.
•
If possible, check targets in all quadrants to ensure accurate adjustment.
Connect Northstar 6000i / 6100i | 53
7.18 Set the heading calibration (heading sensor not installed)
The heading calibration rotates the radar image on the screen so that a target dead ahead
corresponds to a bearing of 0° on the screen.
•
Press RADAR so that the navigator displays radar only.
•
Find a target at least 1 nautical mile distant. Choose an obvious land target or solid object
with a fixed reference such as a jetty, light house or pier. Steer the vessel until the
reference target is directly head up then maintain this heading.
•
Zoom in as necessary to place the reference target near the outer edge of the screen.
•
Press Page 1, Page 2.
•
Check that the chart rotation (Rotate button) is set to Hdg Up.
•
Press Page 2, Page 3, Page 4 and Install... .
•
Press Heading Calibrate then press the cursor pad left and right to rotate the radar
image so that the reference target is at 0° (vertical from the centre of the radar sweep).
7.19 Restore all the factory settings
If you need to restore ALL of the radar settings (except trigger delay, heading calibration and
whether or not a heading sensor is installed) to their factory settings, do the following:
•
From the main radar page, press Page 1.
•
Press Restore... .
•
Press Restore factory settings to return the unit to its state when it was shipped with
the exception of the following:
-
trigger delay
heading calibration
whether or not a heading sensor is installed
parking calibration
This function is used before performing manual tuning (see Appendix B) or at any time it's
necessary to restore the unit to a known state.
7.20 Restore the factory appearance settings
Appearance settings and manual settings can be restored to values that normally
produce a useful picture as follows:
•
From the main radar page, press Page 1.
•
Press Restore... .
•
Press any or all of Restore Auto, Restore Harbor, Restore Range Rider, and Restore
Manual to return to the factory appearance settings.
This completes the installation calibration.
Note: The heading correction may need to be adjusted slightly after the gain is optimized to
provide a better picture.
54 | Connect Northstar 6000i / 6100i
7.21 Manual tuning procedure for the 6000i or 6100i system
Note: The following manual tuning procedure is provided only for possible situations where the
unit's automatic tuning does not perform well with a Northstar 6000i or 6100i system. At
present, Navico is not aware of any such situation and recommends that automatic tuning be
used, unless a reason is found to use this manual procedure.
Begin by restoring all radar settings to their factory settings (except trigger delay,
heading calibration and whether or not a heading sensor is installed), as follows:
•
From the main radar page, press Page 1.
•
Press Restore... .
•
Press Restore factory settings to return the unit to its state when it was shipped (with
the exception of trigger delay, heading calibration and whether or not a heading sensor is
installed).
•
Press Return and Done to return to the main radar screen.
Next, set the rain clutter and sea clutter to 0 and the gain to 150 as follows:
•
From the main radar page, press Page 2.
•
If necessary, press Mode to make it read Manual.
•
Press Rain Clutter to activate the control.
•
If necessary, press Rain Clutter again to make it read Manual.
•
Press 0 twice on the keypad to set the rain clutter value to zero.
•
Press Sea Clutter.
•
Press 0 twice on the keypad to set the sea clutter value to zero.
•
Press Gain to activate the control.
•
If necessary, press Gain again to make it read Manual.
•
Press 1, 5, and 0 on the keypad to set the gain to 150.
•
Press Return and Done to return to the main radar screen.
Next, set the scale to 1/8 nautical miles as follows:
•
Press zoom Range - several times to access the 1/8 nautical miles scale. (The current
scale is shown in the upper left corner of the screen, identified as "RNG").
•
From the main radar page, press Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, and Install... .
•
Press Tune... to display the tuning screen.
•
Press Tune Mode (repeatedly if necessary) to set it to Manual.
•
Set the rough tune value to 128 (if necessary) by selecting Tune Preset and typing 128
on the keypad.
•
Press Tune.
•
Adjust the tune preset value upwards by pressing the up arrow key on the cursor pad
until the quantity and strength of visible targets is maximized.
•
If the quantity and strength of targets does not increase, return to 128 by typing 128.
Then adjust the tune preset value upwards by pressing the down arrow key on the cursor
pad until the quantity and strength of visible targets is maximized.
Connect Northstar 6000i / 6100i | 55
8 Connect to Lowrance Displays
The Lowrance 2 kW (LRA-1800) and 4 kW (LRA-2400) radar system is compatible with the
display heads listed in Introduction to the Navico radar system (see "Introduction to the Navico
radar system" page 6).
Software Update
If your display unit's software version is less than 2.2.0, you will need to update the unit's
software. To update your unit, contact your dealer or download the update from our web site,
www.lowrance.com.
More Information
For more information regarding radar operation please refer to the RIM300 Operation manual.
This section details how to connect the broadband radar to the Lowrance displays listed below.
The displays connect via an RS232 connection to the scanner
8.1 Parts needed to connect to Lowrance displays
Qnt.
Item
1
Description
Scanner unit with
interconnection cable
2 kW or 4 kW
Part No.
For scanner part
numbers (see "Navico
radar part numbers"
page 75)
Radar Processor
Qnt.
Item
1
Description
Part No.
2 kw Radar Processor
AA010012
4 kw Radar Processor
AA010013
RIM300 Radar Interface Module (supplied)
Qnt.
1
56 | Connect to Lowrance Displays
Item
Description
Rim 300 cable
Part No.
003-7989-00
Optional Heading Sensor
Qnt
Item
Description
Part No.
22090245
FC40 Fluxgate Compass
1
OR
22090237
RC42 Rate Compass.
Both the FC40 and RC42 have
5 m (16 ft) SimNet cables
attached.
Connect using the SimNet to
NMEA 2000 Adapter kit (0000127-45).
Alternatively use an
NMEA 0183 heading sensor and
connect via display unit power
cable.
Optional SimNet to NMEA 2000 Adapter kit (000-0127-45). Used to interface the above heading
sensors
Qnt.
1
Item
Description
Part No.
SimNet to Micro C
24005729
N2K-T-RD T connector
Installed into the NMEA
037-0491-01
2000 backbone
1
SimNet cable joiner
44172260
Connect to Lowrance Displays | 57
8.2 Lowrance displays radar connection
RIM 300 Installation
The RIM 300 will replace the power cable that came with your display unit. Your RIM 300 has
three cables branching out from the cable plug, which include: radar data cable, display unit
power cable and NMEA 2000 power cable.
Note: You will need to purchase a heading sensor for the Radar Overlay feature to work
properly.
You MUST remove the power cable that came with your unit and replace it with the
RIM 300 to complete this installation.
Even though the RIM 300 is replacing your original power/data cable, you must follow
the same rules, cautions and warnings for powering the display unit and a NMEA 2000
network or LGC-3000 antenna module. These details are described in the display unit
manual and the LGC-3000 instruction sheet. Failure to follow all power connection
instructions and fusing requirements could result in damage to your equipment and
injury to you. The RIM 300 radar data cable is connected to the radar processor.
•
The RIM 300 works from a 12-volt DC battery system. The display unit power cable has
four wires: red, black, blue and green. You will use the red and black wires to power your
display unit. Attach the red wire (+) to an accessory switch or power bus connected to a
12-volt battery. Connect the black ground wire (–) to the battery negative post.
Important: If possible, keep the power cable away from other boat wiring, especially the
engine's wires. This will provide the best isolation from electrical noise. If the cable is not long
enough, splice #16 gauge wire onto it. Make sure to attach the in-line fuse holder to the red
lead as close to the power source as possible.
•
The blue and green wires (Com port 2) can be used to exchange data with any NMEA
0183-compatible device. Connect the blue (TX) transmit wire to the receive (RX) wire
from the NMEA 0183 device. Now connect the green (RX) receive wire to the transmit
(TX) wire from the NMEA 0183 device. There is no ground wire, so the NMEA 0183 device
MUST be grounded to the same source as the display unit.
•
If you are powering an NMEA 2000 network or an LGC-3000 GPS antenna through the
head unit, you must connect the NMEA 2000 power cable. Attach the NMEA 2000 red wire
(+) to an accessory switch that is connected to the same 12-volt power source as the
display unit power cable red wire (+). Be sure to use the 3-amp fuse. Connect the black
wire (–) to the negative battery post.
•
Plug the RIM 300 radar data cable into the NMEA/COMMS port on the radar processor
box.
•
After all wires and cables have been connected and all unused wires insulated, insert the
RIM 300 cable plug in the power/data receptacle on the back of your display unit.
58 | Connect to Lowrance Displays
For information about radar processor wiring and connections, Wiring guidelines (see "Wiring
the radar system" page 18).
A
B
2 kW AA010024
2 kW scanner comes with a 15 m (49 ft) cable attached. (B)
4 kW AA010025
4 kW scanner comes with a 15 m (49ft) cable that will need to be
connected to the scanner. Cable from Scanner connects to Radar
Processor box. An optional longer cable is available but only up to 20 m
(65.5 ft). For scanner part numbers (see "Navico radar part numbers"
page 75)
2 kW AA010089
Optional 20 m (65.5 ft) scanner cable . Will require disassembly of
scanner to connect. Cable has a radar processor connector on one end,
and three small terminated flat connectors on the other.
4 kW AA010091
CAUTION: This cable should only be installed by an experienced radar
service technician!
C
2 kW AA010012
4 kW AA010013
Radar processor box. No cables supplied. Connects to Lowrance
displays via RS422 protocol, using optional RIM300 cable kit (D).
Optional radar accessories kit (000-0127-45)
The 2 kW system is 12 V DC ONLY 25 W max. Power connects to the
two screw terminals.
4 kW system is 12 or 24 V DC
D
RIM 300 (003-7905-00) Radar Interface Module (RIM300) This cable will replace existing
power cable. Consists of a Connector which branches to three separate cables, with four
terminations. D1,D2,D3 and D4.Replacement part no. 000-0121-010.
Connect to Lowrance Displays | 59
D1
Rim300 radar data
Connects to the Radar Processor module using the port labeled NMEA /
COMMS.
D2
NMEA 0183 Port 2
For vessels using a NMEA 0183 heading sensor or other device. There
is no ground wire so NMEA 0183 device must use the same ground as
the display.
D3
Display Unit Power
Cable
The RIM 300 uses 12 V DC only. Connect red to 12 V DC (+) via a
switch (use the included 3-amp fuse). Connect the black wire to vessel
ground.
D4
NMEA 2000 power
If powering a NMEA 2000 network or LGC-3000 GPS antenna. Connect
red to 12 V DC (+) via a switch (use the included 3-amp fuse). Connect
the black wire to vessel ground.
Note: Do not connect this if NMEA 2000 network is already powered.
E
000-0127-45 SimNet to NMEA 2000 Adapter kit, includes the following items
E1
44172260
SimNet Cable Joiner. (44172260). Used to join the SimNet cable from
the heading sensor to the SimNet to NMEA 2000 (Micro-C) cable.
E2
24005729
SimNet to Micro-C Cable (24005729). Converts SimNet to Lowrance
NMEA 2000.
E3
037-0491-01
N2K-T-RD T connector (037-0491-01) Installed into the NMEA 2000
backbone.
FC40 or
FC40 Fluxgate Compass (22090245) OR
RC42
RC42 Rate Compass. (22090237).
F
Order separately. Sensor has a 5.5 m (18 ft) NMEA 2000 cable
attached.
G
000-125-09
H
Lowrance LGC-3000 GPS antenna.
Lowrance displays that can use this radar are GlobalMap 9300c HD,
GlobalMap 9200c, GlobalMap 8300c HD, GlobalMap 8200c, GlobalMap
Baja 840c, GlobalMap 7300c HD, GlobalMap 7200c, Globalmap 5200c,
Globalmap 5300c iGPS, Globalmap Baja 540c, LCX-113c HD, LCX-112c,
LCX-38c HD, LCX-37c, LCX-28c HD, LCX-27c, LMS-520c, LMS-522c
iGPS, LMS-522c iGPS Ice Machine, LMS-525c DF, LMS-527c DF iGPS,
X510c, X515c DF
8.3 Set up the radar with Lowrance displays
Introduction
The Radar Setup menu allows you to setup and adjust radar settings. Most of the settings in the
Radar Setup menu will only have to be set once, but we recommend you check the settings
periodically for general maintenance.
Before you begin radar setup, the radar scanning unit, RIM 300 module, radar processor and
display unit all must be installed.
DO NOT attempt to execute Radar Setup while the vessel is moving. Some motion
from wind and wave action is acceptable, but these setup instructions are NOT
intended for vessels moving across the water. Before starting radar setup, take your
vessel out on open water with fairly calm seas, like an open bay.
Caution: If you are unsure or do not understand the following instructions, it is strongly
recommended that an experienced radar technician handle radar setup and the installation of
radar hardware.
Getting Started
to System Setup and press Ent.
•
Press Menu|Menu, then use
•
Highlight Communications Port and press Ent.
•
Press
to Radar LRA-1800 LRA-6000 LRA-2400 and press Ent. The Baud Rate
automatically will switch to 230400 and a Radar Notice will appear.
60 | Connect to Lowrance Displays
Communications Port menu (left). Radar Notice (right) prompting users to leave radar in Standby Mode
for 30 minutes when activating radar for the first time.
Caution: Leave the radar in Standby Mode for 30 minutes when activating it the first time. This
will help maximize the life of the magnetron. After the radar has been activated the first time,
ignore the Radar Notice.
To access Radar Page:
•
Press Pages, then use 
•
Press
to select the radar tab.
to select Radar Only then press Exit.
Radar only highlighted on Radar Pages menu (left). Radar menu with Radar Power selected (right).
•
Press Menu, then use
to select Radar Power from the radar menu and press Ent. A
confirmation message will appear. Press  to select Yes and press Ent. A warm-up
countdown will commence that will vary depending on the model of radar you have.
•
After the countdown is finished, the unit will enter STANDBY mode.
•
Access the Radar Setup menu to make sure your radar display is set to Heading Up and is
set to a Full Color scheme. Press Menu, select Radar Setup and press Ent.
Connect to Lowrance Displays | 61
Radar Setup selected from Radar menu (left). Radar Setup menu with Full Color on Black highlighted
(right).
•
To set the radar to Heading Up, highlight Heading Up and press Ent.
•
To display the radar images in full color, press
Ent.
•
Use
to highlight one of the three full color options and press Ent. Press Exit to
return to the main page display.
to select Radar Color Scheme and press
Radar Setup
The two setup features to be modified are Adjust Trigger Delay and Adjust Heading Line.
This will be set up in that order, but before making any adjustments, make sure the display is
set to a range of 0.125 nautical miles and that Gain, Anti-Sea Clutter (STC), Anti-Rain Clutter
(FTC) and Trigger Delay all have been set to zero percent.
Trigger Delay Preparation
Range
•
To reset range to 0.125 nm, make sure you are on the Radar Only page and press Menu.
•
Use
to select Radar Range and press Ent, which will call up the Radar Range list.
Press
to select 0.125 nm and press Ent. You also can set the range to 0.125 nm from
the radar screen by using the zin and zout keys.
Gain
•
To set Gain to zero, press Menu, select Gain and press Ent.
•
Press
until the Gain is set to zero percent. Press Exit. (Notice the corresponding value
in the upper right-hand corner of the screen.)
Note: When adjusting Gain back to a useable level, increase the level until you see a light
peppering on the display. Also remember, you will have to adjust gain every time you change
ranges.
Anti-Sea Clutter
•
To set Anti-Sea Clutter to zero, press Menu, select Anti-Sea Clutter (STC) and press Ent.
•
Press
until the Anti-Sea Clutter is set to zero percent. Press Exit. (Notice the
corresponding value in the upper right-hand corner of the screen.)
Anti-Rain Clutter
•
To set Anti-Rain Clutter to zero, press Menu, select Anti-Rain Clutter (FTC) and press
Ent.
•
Press
until the Anti-Rain Clutter is set to zero percent. Press Exit. (Notice the
corresponding value in the upper right-hand corner of the screen.)
62 | Connect to Lowrance Displays
Trigger Delay
•
To set Trigger Delay to zero, press Menu, select Radar Setup and press Ent.
•
Press | to Adjust Trigger Delay and press Ent. That will launch the Adjust Trigger
Delay vertical scrollbar.
•
Press
until Trigger Delay is set to zero percent. Press Exit.
Adjust Trigger Delay
This feature eliminates the time lag between real radar returns and the time it takes data to be
processed by the radar software, a common issue with all radars.
Caution: If you have any doubt about your understanding of the Trigger Delay feature, you
should have it set up by a qualified radar technician.
•
The radar should already be in STANDBY mode, so press PWR for 2 seconds to switch the
radar into transmission mode. A confirmation message will appear, press  to select Yes.
•
Press Menu, select Gain and press Ent. Press
to increase the Gain level to around
15%. One or two red rings with blue borders should be visible on the screen, depending
on the wattage of your radar antenna.
•
Press
•
The 2 kW model, the LRA-1800, will have only one ring on the display.
•
The 4 kW model, the LRA-2400, will have two rings on the display. See the following
figures.
|
to Adjust Trigger Delay, then press Ent.
Before adjusting the Trigger Delay for 4 kW radars, two rings will be shown on the screen (left). As
Trigger Delay is increased, the larger ring will start to get smaller. The small ring will disappear (right).
You may have to increase gain in the previous step if the rings are not visible. Increase gain
until you have solid red rings shown on the screen, like in the preceding example. Increasing
Gain too much can cause the rings to be distorted.
•
Press
to increase the level of Trigger Delay, which will decrease the size of the ring. If
you have a 4 kW radar, as the large ring decreases in size, the smaller ring in the center
of the screen will disappear, leaving only one ring.
Connect to Lowrance Displays | 63
Increase Trigger Delay to diminish the size of the red ring (left). To set Trigger Delay correctly, reduce the
ring to as small a size as possible, while keeping a black circle in the middle (enlarged view, right).
In either case, continue to increase the Trigger Delay level until the ring is as small as possible,
while keeping a black circle in the middle. Every radar is different, but typically, a setting
between 35 and 42 percent will get the job done.
If you over apply the Trigger Delay, the black circle will disappear. Decrease the Trigger Delay
level and it will reappear.
•
Press Exit to return to the main page display.
Adjust Heading Line
Note: After adjusting the trigger delay it is necessary to increase the gain back to normal levels
and adjust the range as to display a clear picture of a point of reference such as a peninsula in
order to adjust the heading line
The Heading Line command is used to make sure the green heading line (zero point) on your
display is lined up with the bow of your vessel.
(Before heading line adjustment)
(After heading line adjustment)
The bow of the ship is lined up with the tip of the peninsula (left), but the green heading line is not.
Adjusting the heading line will allow you to align the direction of the heading line with the direction of the
bow (right).
•
Line up the bow of your vessel with a point of reference, like a peninsula, lighthouse or
other stationary target.
64 | Connect to Lowrance Displays
•
Press Menu, highlight Radar Setup and press Ent. Press
to select Adjust Heading Line
and press Ent. That will place an arrow on each side of the green Heading Line.
•
Use 
to adjust the position of the green heading line, so its line to the reference
point's radar image matches your bow's actual line to the reference point.
•
Press Exit to remove the heading line arrows from the display.
Adjust Tune
Tuning should require no adjustment during the life of the unit. We strongly recommend you do
NOT adjust Tune settings yourself. This feature is intended for use only by trained technicians.
If for some reason you need to use this function, consult your dealer or customer service about
the software updates necessary for tuning.
Connect to Lowrance Displays | 65
9 Maintenance
Before doing any maintenance work, always ensure that the radar system is turned
OFF at the main power source.
If a rectifier unit is used, turn OFF the power supply to this too. Remember that high
voltages from the rectifier unit are always present, even if the radar is not operating,
and these can cause severe injury or death.
9.1 General maintenance
Proper maintenance of the radar system will keep it in good condition and minimize
breakdowns. Periodically:
•
remove any dust, dirt or sea salt from the external surfaces with a dry, lint-free cloth.
•
check that the radar components are held securely in place and that the screws, nuts and
bolts have not worked loose. Tighten and re-apply marine paint where necessary to
prevent corrosion.
•
check that all the radar cabling is not frayed, bent, or cut and that the radar system cable
connections are secure, tight and waterproof.
9.2 Scanner maintenance
Note: Before working on the scanner, remove your watch and any magnetic cards, because the
modulator circuit in the magnetron emits a strong magnetic field that can badly affect such
items
•
Remove any dust, dirt, or sea salt from the external surfaces, particularly the front side of
the scanner, with a lint-free cloth dampened with water. Do NOT use petrol, gasoline,
benzene, thinner, or similar solvent to dampen the cloth as these cause deterioration of the
external surfaces.
•
At least once every six months, apply grease (Mobilux 2 or equivalent) evenly to the
lubricating gears, with a brush or knife. More frequent application is desirable to maximize
the life of the lubricating gears.
•
Open scanners only: The drive motor brush has an expected life of 2,000 hours. Replace it
when half of the overall length has worn away. The drive motor carbon brush can be
removed easily by unclipping the two caps located on both sides of the bottom part of the
drive motor.
•
Open scanners only: Clean any carbon powder off the drive motor commuter with a dry
brush or, if this will not remove it, use sand paper #250 to #400.
9.3 Other maintenance items
Re-set the heading calibration annually and after any major structural changes to the vessel.
66 | Maintenance
10 Troubleshoot the radar
This appendix gives information on fixing possible problems with the radar. Many problems are
caused by:
• faulty or loose contacts at switches and relay points
•
poor adjustment of the radar (particularly inadequate tuning adjustment)
•
poor maintenance (particularly of the cables)
You'll save yourself a considerable amount of time if you check these items before placing a call
to Navico; plus, you may find the problem right away.
10.1 Technical support, service and repairs
The product is covered by a warranty which is supplied as a separate document.
If you need technical support or answers to other questions after you've followed the
instructions in this manual, you can:
• contact your Navico distributor or
•
see the inside back cover of the manual or
•
visit www.navico.com
Before you make contact, be sure to have:
• the serial number of the hardware (usually shown on the faceplate of the unit).
When you describe the problem, be as complete and as accurate as possible.
10.2 Radar is not operating correctly
If no image appears on the screen and screen shows message no scanner detected:
• check radar scanner interconnect cable wiring.
If no image appears on the screen and the screen shows message no radar detected:
• check the data cable between the radar and the display head system
•
check that the radar processor has power
If the scanner is working but no image appears on the display:
• adjust gain and threshold
If the display shows only noise:
• check that the scanner and open array (if applicable) are fitted correctly
If radar reception is poor:
• check for physical damage to the cables (such as fraying) and for any loose connections
•
check for water damage to the radiator or to the cables between the radar components
•
check for interruptions in the pulse switching signal
If an image appears on the display but the direction of the radar image is not stable:
• the direction standard signal (BZ) is being interrupted (see the Service Manual)
•
check for water damage to the radiator or cables between the radar components.
10.3 If the scanner fails to turn
If the scanner fails to turn, it is possible that there has been a breakdown of either the motor
unit inside the scanner or the safety switch of the scanner unit.
Turn the power OFF and investigate as follows:
•
Visually check for, and remove, any external obstruction.
•
Open the scanner dome or gearbox and perform an internal inspection.
Troubleshoot the radar | 67
•
Check to make sure that nothing is interfering with the motor and gears, is binding or
preventing the antenna from turning.
•
Check for any disconnected, pinched or broken wires.
•
Check for worn or broken motor brushes (open scanners only).
•
Verify that the scanner cable is correctly pinned, all wires are in the correct locations and
the connectors are correctly locked to the mating connectors on the modulator board.
•
Check the motor and replace any faulty component. (See the Service Manual for
information on replacing the motor)
•
Check the wiring of the interconnection cable between the scanner and the radar
processor.
•
Checking these connections is especially important if the installer removed the connectors
for easy routing when installing the scanner cable.
10.4 How to reduce noise and interference
If other electronic equipment on the vessel is being affected by noise interference from the
radar, check that the radar is actually the source of the problem by switching it off, running the
other electronic equipment for a while to see if the noise interference has disappeared, and then
switching the radar on again.
If the radar is causing the noise interference, check that:
•
the affected piece of equipment and/or the antenna is not located within the radar beam.
(For information about the optimum installation height and the radar beam width (see "Install the
radar" page 9),).
•
the cables supplied with the equipment have been installed correctly. In particular, check
for loose connections and loose or missing shield meshwork at the cable ends.
•
the covers of the scanner and radar processor box are securely screwed and/or fastened
in place, so that the internal shielding is effective.
•
each piece of radio equipment is grounded to the closest ground location, and that other
devices are grounded to the closest ground location on the hull.
•
the radar cabling has not been bundled with the VHF radio cabling and/or with the
direction finder cabling. The radar cabling must always be separate.
10.5 Make sure the power is present and correctly wired
Check the in-line fuse.
Re-verify that the correct system voltage is being used for the radar processor box model and
that the power is properly wired. If the radar processor has incorrect power, the system may
not initialize properly or the radar processor may be damaged.
68 | Troubleshoot the radar
11 Drawings
11.1 Radar scanner: 2 kW dimensions
Drawings | 69
11.2 Radar scanner 4 kW: Dimensions
70 | Drawings
11.3 Radar processor: Dimensions
Drawings | 71
12 Specifications
12.1 2 kW radar system specifications
2 kW scanner
DC input
10.8 V to 15.6 V DC (DC 12 V system ONLY)
Scanner type
Radome
Scanner model
AA010024
Scanner dimensions
Depth: 17.7" (450 mm)
Height: 8.93 (227 mm)
Scanner weight
9.26 lbs (4.2 kg) ± 5%
Vibration Amplitude
0.1" (3 mm) (0 to 500 cpm)
0.29" (0.75 mm) (550 to 1500 cpm)
0.007" (0.2 mm) (1500 to 3000 cpm)
Waterproof
IPX6
Plane of polarization
Horizontal
Preheating time
Minimum 90 seconds
Power consumption
25 W (maximum) at 12 V DC
Emission type
P0N
FCC ID: CKEJMA1020
IC ID: 768381105A
R&TTE: DERA-RTTE-34/01-01
Peak power output
2 kW ± 50% under any pulse conditions
Transmitter frequency
9445 ± 30 MHz
Transmitter tube
Magnetron NJRC M1537
Horizontal beam width
5.2º ± 10% (3 dB width)
Vertical beam width
30º ± 20% (3 dB width)
Side lobe level
< -21 dB maximum (within ± 10°)
Rotation rate
27 rpm ±10%
Pulse length/PRF
0.08 µs +50/-25% (2250 Hz)
0.3 µs +50/-30% (1200 Hz)
0.8 µs ±25% (600 Hz)
See Pulse Width and Bandwidth Selector table (below).
Duplexer
Microwave T-junction with diode limiter
Model NJRC NJS6947
Mixer
MIC front-end
IF amplifier
Center frequency 60 MHz ± 3 MHz
IF amplifier output
14 dB for -3.2 V into 50 ohms (typical)
IF band width
10 MHz ±3 MHz (0.08 µs)
IF characteristic
Linear
Gain
Minimum 90 dB
Noise figure
NJT1027 @ 7 dB (average) at front-end input
Temperature range
+5ºF to +131ºF (-15ºC to +55ºC)
Relative humidity
95% at 95ºF (35ºC)
Relative wind velocity
118.11 ft (36.0 m)/sec (maximum 70 knots)
3 MHz ±1 MHz (0.3 µs, 0.8 µs)
72 | Specifications
2 kW Radar processor specifications
Processor model
AA010012
Processor dimensions
Width 5.6" (142 mm)
Height 2.2" (56 mm)
Length 7.9" (200 mm)
Processer weight
1.9 lbs (870 g)
Vibration
EN60945
Waterproof
No rating
Temperature range
+5ºF to +131ºF (–15ºC to +55ºC)
Relative humidity
95% at 104ºF (+40ºC)
Power up time
Approximately 35 seconds
DC input
10.8 V to 15 V DC
Power consumption
3 W (when operating)
Leakage current <200 µA (when off, with a remote power input)
12.2 4 kW Specifications
4 kW Scanner specifications
Radar system
Northstar
NS-RDR1042MD
Simrad
DX64s
Lowrance
LRA-2400
Scanner dimensions
Width 24.5" (620 mm)
Height 11" (280 mm)
Scanner type
Dome
Scanner model
AA010025
Scanner weight
22 lbs (10 kg ± 5%)
Vibration
Amplitude 0.12" (3 mm) at 0 cpm to 500 cpm
Amplitude 0.03" (0.75 mm) at 500 cpm to 1500 cpm
Amplitude 0.01" (0.2 mm) at 1500 cpm to 3000 cpm
Waterproof
IPX6
Scanning mode
Raster scanning, PPI
Plane of polarization
Horizontal
Preheating time
Minimum 90 seconds
Warm-up time
Approximately 3 seconds
Power consumption
30 W (maximum) at 24 V DC
DC input
10.8 V to 42 V (DC 12/24/32 V system)
Emission type
P0N. Passed JRC FCC/IC/R&TTE Type Certification:
FCC ID: CKENKE249
IC ID: 768C-NKE249
R&TTE: QQ-RTTE-02/03-01
Peak power output
4 kW ± 50% under any pulse condition
Transmitter frequency
9410 ± 30 MHz
Transmitter tube
Magnetron NJRC Model MSF1421B
Horizontal beam width
4º ± 10% (-3 dB width)
Vertical beam width
25º ± 20% (-3 dB width)
Side lobe level
Below -21 dB maximum (within ± 10º)
Rotation rate
27 rpm ± 10%
Specifications | 73
Pulse length/PRF
0.08 µs ± 30% 2250 Hz ± 5%
0.2 5µs ± 25% 1700 Hz ± 5%
0.5 µs ± 25% 1200 Hz ± 5%
1.0 µs ± 25% 65 0Hz ± 5%
Duplexer
Circulator and diode limiter
Model NJRC NJS6930
Mixer
MIC front-end
IF amplifier
Center frequency 60 MHz ± 3 MHz
IF bandwidth
20 MHz ± 3 MHz (0.08 µs)
6 MHz ± 2 MHz (0.25 µs)
3 MHz ± 1 MHz (0.5 µs, 1.0 µs)
IF characteristic
IF output
Log
-2 V for 100 dB typical
Bandwidth controlled by serial port
Com port
RS485 9600 bps Half Duplex
Defined in NS-RDR1042MD Digital COM specification
Gain
Minimum 90 dB
Noise figure
NJT1028 @ 6 dB (average) at front-end input
Temperature range
+5ºF to +131ºF (–15ºC to +55ºC)
Relative humidity
93% at 104ºF (+40ºC)
Relative wind velocity
118 feet (36 m)/sec (maximum 70 knots)
Processor model
AA010013
4 kW Radar processor specifications
Processor dimensions
Width 5.6" (142 mm)
Height 2.2" (56 mm)
Length 7.9" (200 mm)
Processer weight
1.9 lbs (870 g)
Vibration
EN60945
Waterproof
No rating
Temperature range
+5ºF to +131ºF (–15ºC to +55ºC)
Relative humidity
95% at 104ºF (+40ºC)
Power up time
Approximately 35 seconds
DC input
10.8 to 36 V (DC 12/24/32V system)
Power consumption
3 W (when operating)
Leakage current <200 µA (when off, with a remote power input)
74 | Specifications
13 Navico radar part numbers
Radar Kits
Description
Old part
numbers
2009 Part
numbers
DX42S 18" radome 2 kW w/ 15 m cable and radar processor
Dx42S-1
Dx42S-1
DX64S 24" radome 4 kW w/ 15 m cable and radar processor
Dx64S-1
Dx64S-1
TX06S 6kw / 4ft open array w/20 m cable and radar processor
Tx06S-1
Tx06S-1
TX10S 10kw / 6ft open array w/20 m cable and radar
Tx10S-1
Tx10S-1
TX25S-1
TX25S-1
18" radome 2 kW w/ 15 m cable and radar processor
NS007001
NS007001
24" radome 4 kW w/ 15 m cable and radar processor
NS007002
NS007002
6 kW / 4ft open array w/20 m cable and radar processor
NS007003
NS007003
10 kW / 6ft open array w/20 m cable and radar
NS007004
NS007004
NS007005
NS007005
18" radome 2 kW w/ 15 m cable, radar processor and
connection kit
000-0121-08
000-0121-08
24" radome 4 kW w/ 15 m cable, radar processor and
connection kit
000-0121-09
000-0121-09
Processor
TX25S 25kw / 7ft open array w/20 m cable and radar
Processor
Processor (Not for M-series)
25 kW / 7ft open array w/20 m cable and radar
Processor (Not for M-series)
Scanners
Description
Old part
numbers
2009 Part
numbers
DX42S 18" radome 2 kW w/ 15 m cable
AA010024SIM
DX64S 24" radome 4 kW w/ 15 m cable
AA010025SIM
TX06S 6 kW / 4ft open array w/20 m cable
AA010026SIM
TX10S 10 kW / 6ft open array w/20 m cable
AA010027SIM
TX25S 25 kW / 7ft open array w/20 m cable
AA010028SIM
18" radome 2 kW w/ 15 m cable
NS004790
AA010024NOR
24" radome 4 kW w/ 15 m cable
NS004791
AA010025NOR
6 kW / 4ft open array w/20 m cable
NS004792
AA010026NOR
10 kW / 6ft open array w/20 m cable
NS004793
AA010027NOR
25 kW / 7ft open array w/20 m cable
NS004794
AA010028NOR
18" radome 2kW w/ 15 m cable
AA010024LOW
Navico radar part numbers | 75
24" radome 4kW w/ 15 m cable
AA010025LOW
Radar processors
2 kW Navico radar processor module
NS004780R
AA010012
4 kW Navico radar processor module
NS004781R
AA010013
6 kW Navico radar processor module
NS004782R
AA010014
10 kW Navico radar processor module
NS004783R
AA010015
25 kW Navico radar processor module
NS004784R
AA010016
Scanner cables
Description
Old part
numbers
2009 Part
numbers
20m cable for 2 kW dome (optional)
NS003101
AA010089
20m cable for 4 kW dome (optional)
NS003103
AA010091
20m cable for 6 kW open array
NS003104
AA010092
20m cable for 10/25 kW (required 20 m or 30 m)
NS003105
AA010093
30m cable for 10/25 kW (required 20 m or 30 m)
NS003106
AA010094
8 port Ethernet linker
NS004721
AA010009
0.5 meter (16") ethernet cable
NS004810
AA010079
2 meter (6.6") ethernet cable
NS004811
AA010080
5 meter (16.5") ethernet cable
NS004812
AA010081
10 meter (33") ethernet cable
NS004813
AA010082
Ethernet male to male joiner
NS004814
AA010083
Ethernet cross-over male to male joiner
NS004815
AA010084
Ethernet field termination kit
NS004816
AA010085
NS004801
AA010070
Ethernet cables
Cables other
2 m Cable for connection of NMEA0183 (GB40 / 8000i)
Lowrance RIM300 radar interface cable
003-7989-00
Lowrance NMEA 2000 to Simnet adapter kit
000-0127-45
6100i Radar/Smartcraft Interface Cable
NS003107
NS003107
Radar connection kit (incl Y-cable/NMEA for pilot/heading
sensor) Simrad NX, Northstar M-Series
AA002461
AA010112
Simrad NX, 3 m serial communication cable
AA002463
AA010114
76 | Navico radar part numbers
Navico Radar 2kW and 4kW Installation manual English, Doc.no. MN000783A-G