Microcom 412 Operator`s manual

MODEL 412
THERMAL PRINTER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
Part Number 880016-0221
- Revised: March 24, 2004 MSG -
Centronics is a registered trademark of Data Computer Corporation.
HP and LaserJet are trademarks of Hewlett-Packard Company.
Arial is a registered trademark of Agfa Monotype Corporation.
Swiss is a trademark of Bitstream Inc.
TrueType is a registered trademark of Apple Computer, Inc.
Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows XP are registered trademarks of Microsoft
Corporation.
HyperTerminal is a registered trademark of Hilgraeve Inc.
Other product and company names mentioned herein may be the trademarks of their respective owners.
This manual is subject to change without notice.
Copyright © 1997-2004 Microcom Corporation, Lewis Center, Ohio - All rights reserved.
Printed in the United States of America
Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
List of Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
CHAPTER 1: FEATURES AND SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.1
SPECIAL FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.2
BAR CODES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.3
FONTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.4
PRINTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.5
INTERFACE COMMUNICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.6
PHYSICAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.7
ENVIRONMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.8
ELECTRICAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.9
OPTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.10 APPROVALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
CHAPTER 2: BASIC OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.1
UNPACKING THE 412 PRINTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.2
INITIAL POWER UP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.3
FRONT PANEL SWITCHES AND STATUS LIGHTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.3.1 NORMAL MODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.3.2 STATUS LABEL MODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.3.3 PAPER-OUT MODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.4
THE STATUS LIGHT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.5
LOADING PAPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.5.1 NORMAL AND TAG/TEAR MODES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.5.2 PEEL-AND-DISPENSE MODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.6
PRINT HEAD PRESSURE ADJUSTMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.7
CLEANING INSTRUCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
CHAPTER 3: COMMUNICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3.1
CABLE PINOUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3.2
PRINTER CABLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.3
MULTIDROP COMMUNICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
CHAPTER 4: DESIGNING LABELS USING LDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
4.1
CONTROL CHARACTERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
4.2
GETTING STARTED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
4.2.1 PC CONNECTION (SERIAL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
4.2.2 PC CONNECTION (PARALLEL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
4.2.3 LEARNING LDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
4.3
FORMATTING LABELS: AN OVERVIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
4.4
LABEL HEADER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.4.1 A SAMPLE SESSION (HEADER) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
4.5
LABEL FIELDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
4.5.1 BIT MAPPED TEXT, BAR CODE, AND FONT/GRAPHIC FIELDS . . . 26
4.5.2 LINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
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4.5.3
A SAMPLE SESSION (FIELDS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
CHAPTER 5: PRINTER COMMANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
5.1
SPECIAL PRINTER CONTROL CODES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
5.2
PRINTER ENQUIRIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
5.3
SENDING ^D PRINTER COMMANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
5.3.1 SOFTWARE DIP SWITCHES AND NON-VOLATILE COMMANDS . . 37
5.3.2 PRINTING COMMANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
5.3.3 AUTO-SIZING AND VALID GAP COMMANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
5.3.4 REAL-TIME CLOCK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
5.3.5 SERIAL NUMBER COMMANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
5.3.6 SAVING FORMAT COMMANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
5.3.7 LABEL DISPENSING COMMANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
5.3.8 TEXT STRINGS COMMANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
CHAPTER 6: DOWNLOADABLE GRAPHIC IMAGES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
6.1
USING THE GRAPHIC CONVERSION UTILITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
6.1.1 PCX2MIC.EXE PROGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
6.1.2 BMP2MIC.EXE PROGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
6.2
GRAPHIC IMAGE DOWNLOAD METHODS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
6.2.1 COMPRESSED BINARY IMAGE COMMAND (^D107) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
6.2.2 UNCOMPRESSED IMAGE COMMAND (^D104) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
6.3
GRAPHIC IMAGE DATA FORMAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
6.3
DOWNLOADABLE GRAPHICS COMMAND SUMMARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
CHAPTER 7: DOWNLOADABLE FONTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
7.1
USING THE FONT CONVERSION UTILITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
7.1.2 TTF2MIC16.EXE PROGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
7.2
FONT DOWNLOAD METHODS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
7.2.1 COMPRESSED BINARY IMAGE COMMAND (^D107) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
7.2.2 UNCOMPRESSED IMAGE COMMAND (^D104) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
7.3
FONT STRUCTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
7.3
DOWNLOADABLE FONT COMMAND SUMMARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
CHAPTER 8: BAR CODES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
8.1
TYPES OF BAR CODES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
8.2
DESIGNING WITH BAR CODES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
8.2.1 BAR CODE HUMAN READABLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
CHAPTER 9: SPECIAL EFFECTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
9.1
REVERSED PRINT (WHITE TEXT OVER BLACK) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
CHAPTER 10: OPTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
10.1 MICROCOM GRAPHICS CONVERSION UTILITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
10.2 MICROCOM DOWNLOADABLE FONT UTILITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
10.3 WYSIWYG SOFTWARE PACKAGES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
10.4 CLEANING KIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
APPENDIX A: WARRANTY AND REPAIR PROCEDURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
APPENDIX B: LABEL SAMPLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
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APPENDIX C: SAMPLE BASIC PROGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
APPENDIX D: QUICK REFERENCE COMMAND SUMMARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
APPENDIX E: HARDWARE DIP SWITCHES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
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412 Operators Manual
List of Tables
Status Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
RS-232 Serial Port Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
RS-485 Serial Port Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Print Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Bitmapped Font Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Bar Code Symbologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Character Starting Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Enquiry Responses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Clock Field Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
UPC Zero Reduction Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Control Code Equivalents for use in Data Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Code 128 Special Function Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
UCC/EAN Application Identifiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
List of Figures
Front View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Rear View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Printer Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Status Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Internal View of Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Print Head Pressure Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Microcom Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Label Header Parameters of a 4" X 3" Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
European Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
US Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Unmodified Date Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Bar Code Rotations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
UPC-A Bar Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Bar Code Human Readables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Reverse Video Sample . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
412 Operators Manual
412 Operators Manual
Introduction
The Model 412 is a Direct Thermal or Thermal Transfer label printer with a high resolution (832
dots, 8 dots/mm) 2 or 4 inch wide print head. The economic size and price have no effect on
the printer’s ability to handle a wide variety of labeling tasks - even the most demanding
applications.
The resident Label Design Software (LDS) is a powerful and easy-to-use package that allows
you to create personalized label formats. It can be driven from a PC, mini-computer,
mainframe, and most special purpose computers.
Among many other features, LDS supports downloadable graphics and fonts, multiple serial
numbering, and flexible character spacing. It offers many font sizes and all popular bar code
symbologies. Graphic images can be printed or stored in the printer's memory for future use.
Bitmapped Fonts, bar codes, and graphic images can be multiplied in size and printed in
0,90,180,270 degree rotations. Once the labels are designed, they can be stored in the printer
for high speed access.
The 412 is capable of printing on most types of label or fax stock. It offers operation in a
tag/tear, peel-and-dispense, or cut-off mode. It can handle blow-hole, black-line, label gap, and
continuous stock.
Many printer applications use the same label format, but change the data on every label. This
is not a problem for the 412 printer. Data may be changed without down-loading the same
fixed format, or fixed data fields, time after time. This, along with a greatly increased
communication speed, increases data access time and productivity.
Microcom Corporation also offers Windows™ drivers and WYSIWYG (What You See Is What
You Get) software packages which allow quick and easy on-screen label designing, along with
database capabilities.
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2
412 Operators Manual
CHAPTER 1: FEATURES AND SPECIFICATIONS
The Model 412 Direct Thermal / Thermal Transfer printer is designed with many features that
are unique when compared to other printers.
1.1
SPECIAL FEATURES
!
Direct thermal or thermal transfer tag/ticket feed operation
!
Resolution of 8 dots/mm (.0049" per dot) and a print width of 448 dots (2.2") or 832
dots (4.09")
!
Print speed up to 3.0 inches per second
!
Internal media supply holds roll sizes up to 5 inches OD
!
Prints on die-cut, continuous, fax, or preprinted labels up to 9.0 mil thick
!
Software-controlled contrast adjustment
!
Standard memory of 512Kbytes ROM and 512Kbytes RAM
!
Easy to load label path
!
Detects label gap, black line or blow-hole stock using reflective and transmissive
sensors
!
Internal statistical counter for inches and labels printed
!
Downloadable bitmap fonts and graphics
!
Field incrementing and decrementing
!
Remote printer interrogation.
1.2
BAR CODES
!
Code 39, Interleaved 2 of 5, CODABAR, Code 128, UCC/EAN-128, Code 93, Plessey,
Modified Plessey, UPC-A, UPC-E, EAN-8, EAN-13, Postnet, PDF-417 and MaxiCode
1.3
FONTS
!
Bitmapped fonts (normal/bold and OCR-A and OCR-B)
!
Converted HP LaserJet™ or TrueType® font compatibility
!
Fonts can be printed with proportional or non-proportional spacing
!
All bitmapped fonts expandable in height and width
!
Printable in 0, 90, 180, and 270 degree rotations
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Features and Specifications
Chapter 1
1.4
PRINTING
!
Optional peel function with label taken sensor
!
Optional cutter
!
Batch and tag/tear mode advances label to the tear bar
!
Label back-up prevents wasted media in tag/tear and peel modes
1.5
INTERFACE COMMUNICATIONS
!
Serial: RS-232, 9-pin female D-Sub connector (DCE) and 2Kbytes buffer
-Flow control: XON/XOFF, CTS
-Baud rate: 110 to 115,200, user-selectable
-Parity: odd, even or none
-Data bits: 7 or 8
!
Parallel: 36-pin Centronics® female
1.6
PHYSICAL
!
Heavy duty plastic shell and a rigid metal print mechanism.
!
Height: 6.00" (152.4mm)
!
Width: 8.75" (222.25mm)
!
Depth: 11.00" (279.4mm)
!
Weight: 7.5 lbs (3.4 kg)
1.7
ENVIRONMENT
!
Temperature: 5" C to 40" C operating
!
Humidity: 10-85% Non-condensing
1.8
ELECTRICAL
!
Voltage: 100 ~ 240 VAC, 50 ~ 60Hz
!
Current: 3 AMPS maximum
4
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Chapter 1
Features and Specifications
1.9
OPTIONS
!
Cutter
!
Thermal Transfer
!
Assorted printer cables
!
Labels Taken Sensor
!
Battery backed real-time clock
!
On-screen label design PC software packages
!
PCX / BMP graphics and SFP / TTF font conversion software
!
Windows™ 95/98/NT4/2000/XP driver
!
Cleaning kit
!
Twinax / Coax Interface adapter
1.10 APPROVALS
!
CUL (UL and CSA), CE, Complies with FCC class A
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Features and Specifications
Chapter 1
412 Printer
Front View
Figure 1
412 Printer
Rear View
Figure 2
6
412 Operators Manual
CHAPTER 2: BASIC OPERATION
2.1
UNPACKING THE 412 PRINTER
While unpacking the printer, please check all packing materials closely to avoid misplacing any
necessary parts. After the printer is removed from the box, verify that all parts are present and
in good condition (see Figure 3). All packaging material should be kept and used if the printer
is to be shipped.
Printer Parts
Figure 3
2.2
INITIAL POWER UP
Before connecting the printer to a power source, verify that the line voltage and frequency (Hz)
is within the range printed on the power supply.
Plug the printer in and turn the power switch on. The front panel LED should turn green. If this
does not occur, check the power source and if necessary call your service organization.
2.3
FRONT PANEL SWITCHES AND STATUS LIGHTS
The front panel switch performs several functions depending on the printer mode:
2.3.1 NORMAL MODE
The front panel button is used to issue a label request. If the button is pressed while the printer
is idle, the unit will print a label using the current label format. If the button is pressed while a
label is printing, the printer will enter pause mode.
2.3.2 STATUS LABEL MODE
To print a status label, hold the front panel button while turning on the printer. Release the
button and a test pattern with statistical information will be printed (see Figure 4). When a
status label is created, the software dip switches are temporarily set to defaults. The printer will
return to the old settings, if different, after power down or a soft reset.
The printed labels and total labels represent the number of labels printed to date. The printed
labels and printed inches fields can be reset by the user while the total labels and total inches
cannot. Printed inches and printed labels are reset using the ^D29 command (see section 5.3).
Other useful information on the power-up label is the unit serial number, power-on hours, serial
412 Operators Manual
7
Basic Operation
Chapter 2
parameters (not the default parameters caused by executing creating a status label), and the
revision number of the firmware.
The switch bank settings reflect the contents of the four software dip switches that configure
the operation of the printer. See section 5.3, specifically ^D21, ^D22, ^D23, and ^D24, for more
information on software dip switch settings.
PRINTER SERIAL #: 1234567890
PRINTED LABELS: 8432
TOTAL LABELS: 8498
PRINTED INCHES: 25296
TOTAL INCHES: 25494
POWER ON HOURS: 897
SWITCH BANK 1: 10001011
SWITCH BANK 2: 01010000
SWITCH BANK 3: 00000010
SWITCH BANK 4: 00000000
SERIAL PARAMETERS: 9600-N-8-1
EXTRA RAM: YES
ADDRESS: 0
NETWORK: OFF
412 REV 02.14 070199-0214 06/24/99
Status Label
Figure 4
2.3.3 PAPER-OUT MODE
When a paper out condition occurs, the red error indicator will light. Once the new labels are
loaded, quickly press and release the front panel button to print a duplicate of the last label
printed. This label can be repeated until proper registration occurs. To return to the pre-paper
out condition, tap the button while the duplicate label is being printed. The red error light
should go out and normal printing may resume.
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412 Operators Manual
Chapter 2
2.4
Basic Operation
THE STATUS LIGHT
The status lights have different functions depending upon the mode of the printer. The
following table explains the meanings.
Status Light
Color
Solid Green
Meaning
Power is on.
Flashing Green
during Download
Font or graphic file transferring successfully.
Flashing Red
during Download
Font or graphic file transfer is failing.
Solid Red
Printer error: Possibly caused by paper-out, ribbon-out, takeup full, or hardware failure. If an unexplained condition
persists, contact your service representative.
Continuous
Flashing Red
Spike or low voltage on the AC line. The unit will remain in this
mode until the condition is removed and the printer is powered
off.
Solid Yellow
Printer is paused.
Table 1
2.5
LOADING PAPER
The 412 can dispense labels in a many different ways. The following two sections explain the
dispensing modes. If narrow stock is used (3.5 inches wide or less), it may be necessary to
adjust the print head support screw (see section 2.6).
Thermal Transfer Note:
The 412 will, on power-up, automatically sense a loaded ribbon and select thermal transfer
mode. Please note that the printer will not select thermal transfer mode if the ribbon is loaded
after the printer is turned on. To correct the situation simply cycle the power once the ribbon
has been loaded.
412 Operators Manual
9
Basic Operation
Chapter 2
Print Head Pressure
Adjustment, See Figure 5a
Internal View of Printer
Figure 5
2.5.1 NORMAL AND TAG/TEAR MODES
Place the label roll on the internal supply shaft and adjust the paper width stop. Raise the print
head and feed the paper through the printer until it comes out of the front. Lower the print
head.
2.5.2
1.
2.
3.
5.
6.
10
PEEL-AND-DISPENSE MODE
Load the media as described in section 2.5.1 above.
Feed and remove enough labels to expose about 6"-12" of backing paper.
Release pressure from the peel mechanism by pulling the pinch release lever forward.
Thread the backing paper through the opening between the pinch roller and the driver
roller and remove slack.
Close the pinch roller by pushing the pinch roller release lever backwards.
412 Operators Manual
Chapter 2
7.
Basic Operation
8.
Use the feed button to align the labels. (Be sure to remove the labels as the are
peeled.)
Enable the peel-and-dispense mode using the ^A1^D98.
2.6
PRINT HEAD PRESSURE ADJUSTMENT
When using narrow media, it is possible to increase drive roller life by reducing the print head
pressure. To make the adjustment, simply turn the green adjustment knob (see Figure 5)
counter-clockwise. If thick tags are used, additional pressure may be added by turning the
knob clockwise.
Print Head Pressure Adjustment
Figure 5a
412 Operators Manual
11
Basic Operation
2.7
Chapter 2
CLEANING INSTRUCTIONS
The printer and print head should be cleaned every 5,000 labels, every two weeks, or between
label roll changes, whichever occurs first. A Microcom Corporation cleaning kit should be used
for cleaning and maintaining a Microcom Corporation printer product. It is important to note that
the optimum print head life is achieved by maintaining a clean printer and print head.
To clean the 412 printer:
1)
Turn the printer off.
2)
Lift the print head and remove any label stock.
3)
Use the cleaning brush to sweep away all small label and adhesive particles that may
be in the area of the print head.
4)
Moisten a cleaning swab with the cleaning solution and wipe away any adhesive from
the rollers or the peel bracket.
5)
Dampen a swab with cleaning solution and gently wipe the underside of the print head.
Repeat if necessary (if swab is extremely dirty).
WARNING: DO NOT TOUCH THE PRINT HEAD WITH ANY METAL OR SHARP OBJECTS
12
412 Operators Manual
CHAPTER 3: COMMUNICATIONS
The 412 can be interfaced to PC's, mini-computers, main frames, and special purpose
machines. It is capable of serial RS-232, RS-485 or Centronics® parallel communication. The
following sections explain the communication interfaces.
Out of the box, unless otherwise requested, the serial port communicates at 9600 bits per
second, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit and no parity with both hardware and software handshaking.
This configuration may be changed as shown in Appendix E.
3.1
CABLE PINOUT
Table 2a shows the signals of the 9 pin RS-232 serial port and Table 2b shows the signals of
the 2 and 4 wire RS-485 . If serial communication is selected and XON/XOFF hand shaking is
used, the only signals the 412 requires are the RXD, TXD, and GND signals. If hardware
(RTS/CTS) hand shaking is used, a RTS signal is provided. XON/XOFF may be disabled
through software dip switch #1 (see Chapter 5). The other signals are offered in the event the
host computer requires them.
RS-232 Serial Port Configuration
25 TO 9 PIN
9 TO 9 PIN
State 412
Direction
PC
HI
1 DCD---->---- DCD 8
XX
2 TXD---->---- RXD 3
XX
3 RXD----<---- TXD 2
HI
4 DSR----<---- DTR 20
LO
5 GND---<->--- GND 7
HI
6 DTR---->---- DSR 6
DC
7 CTS----<---- RTS 4
XX
8 RTS---->---- CTS 5
HI
9 +5V
DE-9
State 412
Direction
PC
XX
1 DCD---->---- DCD 1
XX
2 TXD---->---- RXD 2
XX
3 RXD----<---- TXD 3
HI
4 DSR----<---- DTR 4
LO
5 GND---<->--- GND 5
HI
6 DTR---->---- DSR 6
DC
7 CTS----<---- RTS 7
XX
8 RTS---->---- CTS 8
HI
9 +5V---->---- +5V 9
DB-25
DE-9
DC = Do Not Care
XX = Indeterminate
DE-9
DC = Do Not Care
XX = Indeterminate
Table 2a
Table 2b describes the RS-485 two and four wire pinouts. The internal jumper block (JP6) is
used to select the mode. To enable two wire communication, a jumper shunt should be place
over pins 2 and 3. The four wire mode is selected by placing the shunt over pins 1 and 2.
Table 2b also contains entries called SW1, SW2, SW3 and SW4. These pins are provide to
allow automatic address selection via the external cable wiring. To use this method of address
assignment, the printers internal jumpers (JP7, JP9, JP10 and JP11) must each have a shunt
installed between pins 2 and 3. (Placing the shunt on pins 1 and 2 will disable this feature and
require the use of the rear panel switches.)
412 Operators Manual
13
Communications
Chapter 3
RS-485 Serial Port Configuration
Two Wire Interface
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Not Used or
Not Used
Transmit- /
Not Used or
GND
Not Used
Not Used or
Transmit+ /
+5 or SW4 *
Four Wire Interface
SW3 *
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
ReceiveSW2 *
SW1 *
Receive+
Not Used or SW3 *
TransmitReceiveNot Used or SW2 *
GND
Transmit+
Not Used or SW1 *
Receive+
+5V or SW4 *
DE-9
DE-9
* The function of this pin is determined by JP7, JP9, JP10 and JP11.
Table 2b
3.2
PRINTER CABLES
The 412 uses standard cables which may be purchased through Microcom Corporation or a
local computer supply company. NULL modem adapters are not normally used because the
printer is DCE equipment
For parallel connections, use a standard 25 pin to 36 pin Centronics® printer cable, connected
from the desired parallel port of the host computer to the 36 pin connector on the model 412.
For RS-232 serial connections,
25 pin serial port - Use a 25 pin female to 9 pin male serial cable.
9 pin serial port - Use a 9 pin female to 9 pin male cable.
For RS-485 serial connections,
The RS-232 cables mentioned above can be used to connect a single printer via RS-485.
Custom cables or adapters may be required in order to connect multiple printers.
Warning: Connecting a serial port to a parallel port may damage the printer and/or computer.
3.3
MULTIDROP COMMUNICATIONS
Multidrop mode allows a single host to communicate with up to 31 printers in a network. With a
separate address for each printer, the host can force some printers into a sleep mode while
the rest continue to respond to the host. Multidrop mode will function using RS-232 or RS-485.
Special care should be taken when using RS-232 due to the loads placed on the RS-232 port
of the host. The twelve position dip switch, located on the rear of the printer, is used to control
the operation of this feature.
14
412 Operators Manual
Chapter 3
Communications
Hard Switch 1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
x x x x x x x x x x x x
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
0
0
0
0
1
/
1 1 1
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
0
0
1
1
0
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
* * * * *
*
*
Connection Type
* * * * *
1 0 = RS485
* * * * *
0 1 = RS232
* * * * *
1 1 = Not Allowed
* * * * *
0 0 = Not Allowed
* * * * *
* * * * .)) RS485 Terminator
* * * .)))) RS485 Terminator
* * .)))))) RS485 Terminator
* .)))))))) RS485 Terminator
*
.)))))))))) Not Used
0
1
0
1
0
=
=
=
=
=
Multidrop Address
Disable Multidrop
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Address 4
1 1 = Address 31
Two commands are used in conjunction with multidrop mode. (See chapter 5 for more
information about printer commands.)
^Axx^D108
Sleep Mode: If xx=0 all printers in multidrop mode will sleep. Otherwise, XX
represents a printers address. Only the printer with this address will be affected.
^Axx^D109
Wake Mode: If xx=0 all printers in multidrop mode will wake-up. Otherwise, XX
represents a printers address. Only the printer with this address will be affected.
In wake mode, a printer will respond to all communications. When a printer is in sleep mode, it
will ignore all commands from the host except “wake up” (^D109) provided the address is
correct or the general address is used (xx=0).
Example commands:
^A0^D109
All printers in multidrop mode will wake-up and begin responding to all
communications from the host.
^A17^D108 If there is a printer in the network with an address of 17 (as determined by the
hardware switch settings), it will go to sleep. It will ignore all commands until it
receives a wake-up command or is restarted with the multidrop function
disabled.
412 Operators Manual
15
Communications
Chapter 3
Additional Notes:
1.) If multidrop is enabled, the printer will always start in “sleep mode”. It must be sent a “wakeup” command before it will respond to other commands.
2.) The host should not use hardware flow control when using RS-485.
3.) Do not send commands that will return data if more than one printer is enabled. The
printers will send their data at the same time and the host will receive garbled information.
4.) The ^D29 command may be used to display address and network information.
5.) Multidrop mode does not affect the front panel button operation.
16
412 Operators Manual
CHAPTER 4: DESIGNING LABELS USING LDS
Label Design Software (LDS) refers to the firmware resident in the printer used which is used
to create labels. All fonts, character sets and bar codes are resident in the printer. Additional
fonts and graphic images may be sent from a host.
A label format is produced by a series of 5 steps:
1: Control commands to define printer operation
2: A header to define label height, width, print speed, etc..
3: Field data to define placement of text, bar code, graphic or line
4: Actual text data to place in the above text or bar code fields
5: Control commands to initiate printing
4.1
CONTROL CHARACTERS
Throughout this manual there are references to control characters. In order to print them in this
manual, they have been written using standard characters and icons. Escape characters are
represented by <ESC> and a carriage return is represented by the  symbol. It is important to
note that all printer functions, unless otherwise noted, must be followed with a carriage
return.
4.2
GETTING STARTED
There are many different machines that can send information to the 412. For example, main
frames, mini-computers, special purpose computers and PC's. However, the easiest way to
start is with a PC and a terminal emulation software program. This will method of connection
will allow two-way, serial communication with the printer.
4.2.1 PC CONNECTION (SERIAL)
Items required:
A computer with at least one unused serial communications port. (COM1,COM2...)
A serial interface cable. (See section 3.2 for cable information)
A terminal emulation program for testing. (Such as HyperTerminal™)
Set the communication parameters in the PC terminal software program to 9600 bits per
second, no parity, 8 data bits and 1 stop bit. Unless modified by the user, this is the printers'
communication configuration out of the box. Send the characters ^D3 and a carriage return
character to the printer. If the printer prints a label, proper PC to printer communications have
been confirmed. Send the characters ^D5 followed by a carriage return character to verify
printer to PC communication. A text response should be returned from the printer.
If a terminal program is not available, it is possible to send files to the printer using the DOS
COPY command. To do this, create a text file containing the information to be sent (i.e. ^D3).
Note: Use an editor that does not add its own formatting characters.
Use the following DOS MODE command to set up the appropriate PC port. (COM1 may be any
available communications port on your PC.)
C:>MODE COM1:9600,N,8,1,P
412 Operators Manual
17
Designing Labels Using LDS
Chapter 4
Send the file to the printer using the following DOS command.
C:>COPY FILENAME COM1
4.2.2 PC CONNECTION (PARALLEL)
Items required:
- A computer with at least one unused parallel communications port. (LPT1, LPT2...)
- A parallel interface cable. (See section 3.2 for cable information)
Create a text file containing the information to be sent. (^D3 is the print command.)
^D3
Note: Use an editor that does not add its own formatting characters.
Send the file to the printer using the following DOS command. (LPT1 may be any available
printer port on your PC.)
C:>COPY FILENAME LPT1
4.2.3 LEARNING LDS
Small control code functions (see section 5.1) or label formats files can be entered directly
through the keyboard. Large label files should be entered in an ASCII text editor and then uploaded to the printer using a terminal emulation program or the DOS copy command. (To use
the DOS copy command, first use the DOS mode instruction to configure the PC. For example,
MODE COM1:9600,N,8,1,P).
There are some special features offered by the 412 that will aid in label design. For example,
the auto-size command (^A2^D39) will provide most of the header format information needed
to define the different properties of label stock. The state of the machine is accessed through
the enquiry command (^D5, ^E or 5 NULL characters). The statistical printer information is
made available through the ^A0^D29 command.
The following sections of this chapter are designed to give an overview of a label format,
define the label header, and list the different types of field information available. Chapter 5
explains the special functions of the control codes. Once some understanding of these basic
concepts are achieved, use the quick reference guide in Appendix A for expedient label
design.
4.3
FORMATTING LABELS: AN OVERVIEW
A label format consists of a header record and field records, followed by the text data to be
printed. The records describe how the label is to be printed. The header contains information
about the label itself such as label height, width, print speed, etc. The field records refer to the
data section and contain information about positioning coordinates, the type of character
generators or bar codes to use, etc.. The number of fields is limited only by the amount of free
memory.
Below is a sample label format. We will refer to this format as we break down the components
of its structure.
18
412 Operators Manual
Chapter 4
Designing Labels Using LDS
(See Figure 6)
^D57
5,812,1218,,20,35
1,250,1068,8,1,5,,,2,2
2,200,900,11,1,5,,,2,2
3,175,760,26,1,5
4,295,560,11,1,5
4,110,50,11,16,3,,,3,406
^D56
^D2
Microcom
Corporation
Thermal Printing Solutions
01234567890
^D3
A label format is coming
Header information
Field #1 information
Field #2 information
Field #3 information
Field #4 information
Field #5 information
Select RAM Format
Text Data is Coming
Text String #1
Text String #2
Text String #3
Text String #4
Print Label 1
The sequence ^D57 puts the printer in format entry mode.
The next line is the header information: sizing the label (812 dots wide 1218 dots high).
The next five lines are layout information for each data field in the format.
The sequence ^D56 selects the user layout.
The sequence ^D2 tells the printer to start accepting data for each defined field. (Field #1 defines
where Data #1 should be positioned.) (Note: The label prints from bottom to top.)
The next three lines are data for each field.
Text string #4 is accessed twice. The format will print '01234567890' and then the bar code
equivalent.
The sequence ^D3 starts the print cycle. (Default is one copy. See section 5.3.2)
412 Operators Manual
19
Designing Labels Using LDS
Chapter 4
Microcom Label
Figure 6
20
412 Operators Manual
Chapter 4
4.4
Designing Labels Using LDS
LABEL HEADER
The header consist of eleven parameters. These parameters contain information about the
label. It is not necessary to enter information for all of the parameters: If a parameter is left
blank, then the default value will be used. A carriage return must follow the label header
parameters.
The value of measurement for many of the header elements is the dot. There are 203 dots per
inch on a 412 print head (8 dots/mm). There is a maximum 832 dots in the X direction (width).
The Y direction (length) is virtually unlimited.
Most header parameters can be supplied using the auto-size command. (See section 5.3.3.)
Below is a list of the header element mnemonics and their default values:
HFM,LSX,LSY,WEB,GAP,DPS,LCB,AGD,SPG,OFX,OFY
0,832,614, 13, 24, 35, 0, 1,478, 0, 0
Label Header Parameters of a 4" X 3" Label
Figure 7
412 Operators Manual
21
Designing Labels Using LDS
Chapter 4
Refer to Figure 7 for a visual representation of most header parameters.
The following is a description of each header element:
HFM
NUMBER OF FIELDS IN LAYOUT
This parameter is used to specify the number of fields in the layout. If more fields are
defined than what is specified for HFM, the extras will be ignored. To prevent software
confusion, do not set the HFM parameter to a number higher than the number of fields
defined.
LSX
LABEL SIZE X DIRECTION
Specifies the width of the label in dots. For example: A 3" wide label would have an
LSX of 3 x 203 = 609 dots. (203 dots = 1 inch)
LSY
LABEL SIZE Y DIRECTION
Specifies the height of the label in dots.
WEB WEB SIZE
The width, measured in dots, of the webbing that is found on the left side of the label.
GAP
GAP SIZE
The height, measured in dots, of the gap between labels. Auto-sizing (See section
5.3.3) will define this value.
DPS
PRINT SPEED
The speed the printer prints a label. Generally, better print quality is obtained at lower
print speeds.
The labels per minute a particular format will print can be calculated by the equation
below:
IPS x 60 seconds
Labels per Minute = --------------------------Label Height
The printer's default print speed is 2 inches per second (DPS value = 35). To speed it
up or slow it down, the following DPS parameters can be inserted into the label header.
Note that a higher value slows the printer down and a smaller value speeds it up.
See Table 3 for a list of print speeds, DPS values, and inches per second.
22
412 Operators Manual
Chapter 4
Designing Labels Using LDS
Print Speed
DPS VALUE
MM PER SECOND
INCHES PER SECOND
INCHES PER MINUTE
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
76.8
74.2
71.7
69.1
66.6
64.0
61.4
58.9
56.3
53.8
51.2
48.6
46.1
43.5
41.0
38.4
3.0
2.9
2.8
2.7
2.6
2.5
2.4
2.3
2.2
2.1
2.0
1.9
1.8
1.7
1.6
1.5
180
174
168
162
156
150
144
138
132
126
120
114
108
102
96
90
Table 3
LCB
LABEL CONTROL BYTE
This parameter selects between the various gap detection methods.
Normal Stock (leading edge): If set to a value of 0, the printer will detect the leading
edge of the label or “blow hole” (the start of the next label).
Continuous Stock: If set to a value of 2, the printer will not search for a gap or other
sense mark. The printer will print all fields that contain data and advance the paper the
amount specified in the SPG parameter. Blank or empty fields will not be printed. For
example, Imagine a receipt format that contains 100 lines. If data is provided for the
first 50 lines, the printer will not advance the “extra” blank 50 lines. The printer will stop
immediately after printing the last pixel and then advance the amount specified in the
SPG parameter.
If the AGD is set to 0, the printer will always feed the same amount of media regardless
of the data. In this case, the amount of label feed is determined by adding the SPG
value to the LSY.
Blow Hole Stock (Slot-Cut): If set to a value of 0, the printer will detect the leading edge
of a blow hole (see software dip switch #4 (^D24) for blow hole stock).
Black Line Stock (transmissive sensor): If set to a value of 1, the printer will detect the
leading edge of a black line.
Black Line Stock (optional reflective sensor): If set to a value of 3, the printer will detect
the leading edge of a black line.
412 Operators Manual
23
Designing Labels Using LDS
Chapter 4
AGD
NUMBER OF STEPS TO ACTIVATE GAP DETECTOR
This parameter selects the number of steps (dots) that the printer should skip before
gap sensing is activated. This value is usually defaulted. It is not defaulted when using
stock that contains pre-print or gaps that may cause the gap detector to trigger
incorrectly.
SPG
NUMBER OF STEPS PAST GAP
The number of steps to advance the label after detection of a label gap. Use autosizing (section 5.3.3) to quickly evaluate this parameter for small stock.
It may also be necessary to adjust this value if using material with a sense position not
located at the end of the stock.
The 412 uses the following formula to determine the SPG setting:
If label height is greater than or equal to 478 then SPG=478
If label height is less than 478, subtract (LSY+GAP) from 478 until the answer is
negative, then add (LSY+GAP) back to become positive again. Subtract the AGD value
(usually 1) and the result will be the correct SPG.
OFX
X DIRECTION OFFSET
This parameter moves all the fields in the X direction without changing the fields
themselves.
OFY
Y DIRECTION OFFSET
This parameter moves all the fields in the Y direction without changing the fields
themselves.
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412 Operators Manual
Chapter 4
4.4.1
Designing Labels Using LDS
A SAMPLE SESSION (HEADER)
This is the label header from the sample label in section 4.3.
5,812,1218,,20,35

5
-
5 fields following the header
812
-
Label width (LSX) of 812 (812/203 = 4 inches).
1218
-
Label length (LSY) of 1218 (1218/203 = 6 inches).
-
The WEB parameter can be defaulted.
20
-
A GAP between labels of 20
35
-
Label print speed (DPS) of 35 = 2 inches per second
(from Table 3)
-
(20/203 = 0.10 inch).
-
No entry for the LCB parameter means default value of
0, normal stock on backing paper.
-
The AGD could be defaulted. This value was confirmed
using the auto-size command.
-
SPG could be defaulted. This value was confirmed using
the auto-size function.
A carriage return must follow the label header. There were
some parameters left that were not entered into the header OFX and OFY. Because they were not entered, the printer
assumes the default values, 0 in their cases. Likewise, since
the AGD and SPG were defaulted, the carriage return could
have followed the DPS.
Note: Defaulted fields must be separated by commas and ending commas may
be omitted.
412 Operators Manual
25
Designing Labels Using LDS
4.5
Chapter 4
LABEL FIELDS
A field is broken down into many different parameters. These parameters contain the
information necessary to position data (text, bar codes, graphics, etc.) on the label. It is
not necessary to enter values for all of the field parameters; the default values will be
used if left blank. The fields to be defaulted must be separated by commas. A carriage
return must follow each label field.
4.5.1
BIT MAPPED TEXT, BAR CODE, AND FONT/GRAPHIC FIELDS
The following is a list of bit mapped (ROM stored and downloaded) field element
mnemonics and their default values:
TSN,XB,YB,CC,TCI,CGN,FO,FJ,CMX,CMY,CS,TSP,,,AN
1, 0, 0, *, 1, **, 0, 0, 1, 1, *, 1,,, 0
*
**
The default depends on the character generator (CGN) used.
The default depends on the TCI used.
Note: All values must be positive integers.
TSN
TEXT STRING NUMBER
Determines from which text string the field obtains the data. This allows for more than
one field to use the same text string. A TSN of 0 accesses the clock chip text string
(see section 5.3.4). A TSN of 1 accesses the first line of data. A TSN of 2 accesses the
second line of data, and so forth. Data is the text that follows a ^D2 command in a
label layout. A graphic image field must point to a valid text string that contains at least
1 character. Maximum value is 65536.
XB
X BEGINNING COORDINATE
The X coordinate of the field is measured in dots. The far left edge of the label as
viewed from the front of the printer is X coordinate 1. There is no X coordinate 0. The X
coordinate increases in size from left to right (See Figure 7). An XB of 203 would place
the text one inch from the left side of the label.
YB
Y BEGINNING COORDINATE
The Y coordinate of the field is measured in dots. A YB of 1 would be specified as the
first edge of the label coming out of the front of the printer during a label print. The Y
coordinate increases in size from the bottom to the top of the label (See Figure 7). A
YB of 203 would place text one inch from the bottom of the label.
CC
CHARACTER COUNT
This parameter determines the number of characters that will be used in a field. If the
number of characters in the selected text string is more than the quantity specified by
CC, then the remainder of the text string is ignored. If the text string has less than the
number of characters specified by this parameter, then only those characters defined
by the text string are printed. For example, the text string - MICROCOM - would be 8
characters long. This parameter should be set to a value of 1 if the field is a graphic
image.
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412 Operators Manual
Chapter 4
TCI
Designing Labels Using LDS
TEXT CONVERSION IDENTIFIER
This parameter determines what form the text string will be printed in. The following
values define which text conversion method is used:
1
Regular Text (standard)
2
Text Surrounded by Asterisks
3
Text with UPC-A/UPC-E Checksum Digit Added
8
Downloadable Fonts and Graphics
12 UPC-A Bar Code
13 UPC-E Bar Code (SEND 11 DIGITS)
14 UPC-E Bar Code (SEND 7 DIGITS)
15 Interleaved 2 of 5 Bar Code
16 Code 3 of 9 Bar Code
*17 Text with UPC-E Checksum and Extended Bars Added
20 EAN-13 Bar Code
21 EAN-8 Bar Code
*22 Text with EAN-13 Checksum and Extended Bars Added
*23 Text with EAN-8 Checksum and Extended Bars Added
24 MSI 1 (Plessey)
25 MSI 2 (Plessey)
26 MSI 3 (Plessey)
*28 Text with MSI Checksum Added - Type 1
*29 Text with MSI Checksum Added - Type 2
*32 Text with UPC-A Checksum and Extended Bars Added
*33 Text with UPC-A With Extended Bars Added
36 Postnet (Zip+4)
37 Postnet (Zip+6)
38 Maxicode Bar Code
40 Code 128 Bar Code (Automatic Compression)
42 Codabar Bar Code
43 Code 93 Bar Code
44 AS-10 Bar Code
50 EAN-128 Bar Code
51 Text with EAN-128 Information
* Refer to Section 7.1.1 on how to use these TCI's.
Example: For the string - 1234567
A TCI of 1 would normally be used when printing regular text .
A TCI of 42 would print a Codabar bar code.
412 Operators Manual
27
Designing Labels Using LDS
CGN
Chapter 4
CHARACTER GENERATOR NUMBER
EMBEDDED FONTS
The following is a list of the character sets and specifications for the embedded fonts.
When accessing downloaded fonts or graphics, this position is used to select which
downloaded font or graphic (1-255) to use.)
CGN
1
2
3
4
5
7
8
Bitmapped Font Descriptions
Point
Font Type
Sample
6pt ABCDEFG1234567890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz!@#$%^&*(
6
Swiss™ 721 Bold
8
Swiss™ 721 Normal 8pt ABCDEFG1234567890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuv
10 Swiss™ 721 Normal 10pt ABCDEFG1234567890abcdefg
12 Swiss™ 721 Normal 12pt ABCDEF123456789abcdef
14 Swiss™ 721 Normal 14pt ABCDE1234567abcde
12
12
OCR-A
OCR-B
ABCDEFG1234567890abcdefghijk
ABCDEFG123456789abcdefghijklm
Note: The Swiss™ 721 typeface is similar to Arial™.
Table 4
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412 Operators Manual
Chapter 4
Designing Labels Using LDS
EMBEDDED BAR CODES
Many bar codes can be printed with various ratios and character spacing options. The
following table illustrates these options. See Chapter 8 for more information on
designing with bar codes.
Bar Code Symbologies
Bar Code
CGN
Ratio
Height
Spacing
FO
Code 3 of 9
2
3
5
8
2:1
3:1
5:2
8:3
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
0123
0123
0123
0123
I 2 of 5
2
3
5
2:1
3:1
5:2
1
1
1
-
0123
0123
0123
UPC/EAN*
-
40%
1
-
0123
UPC Readable*
-
40%
1
-
0123
Code 128 &
UCC/EAN-128*
-
40%
1
-
0123
Codabar
2
3
5
2:1
3:1
5:2
1
1
1
-
0123
0123
0123
Code 93
-
2:1
1
-
0123
AS-10
-
2:1
1
-
0123
MaxiCode
(CGN=Mode)
2
3
4
5
6
-
-
-
0123
0123
0123
0123
0123
MSI (Plessy)
-
1:1
1
-
0123
Table 5
* These bar codes must be multiplied by 2 for a 80% ratio.
412 Operators Manual
29
Designing Labels Using LDS
FO
FIELD ORIENTATION
This parameter defines the rotation of each field on the label. The point of rotation is
determined from the field justification.
0
1
2
3
FJ
Chapter 4
0 degrees (normal rotation).
180 degrees (upside-down rotation).
90 degrees (left rotation).
270 degrees (right rotation).
FIELD JUSTIFICATION
This parameter defines the justification of each field on the label.
0
1
2
3
4
5
Left justified above base-line.
Right justified above base-line.
Left justified below base-line.
Right justified below base-line.
Centered above base-line.
Centered below base-line.
Starting position definitions:
Table 6 shows how to obtain proper character placement relative to orientations and
justifications.
Character Starting Positions Relative to Field Orientations and Field Justifications
Rotation
Field Orientation and Justification
0,180 Degrees
0
1
2
3
4
5
-
Left justified above base-line
Right justified above base-line
Left justified below base-line
Right justified below base-line
Centered above base-line
Centered below base-line
90,270 Degrees
0
1
2
3
4
5
-
Left justified above base-line
Right justified above base-line
Left justified below base-line
Right justified below base-line
Centered on Y axis, right of X coordinate
Centered on Y axis, left of X coordinate
Character Starting Positions
Table 6
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412 Operators Manual
Chapter 4
Designing Labels Using LDS
CMX
CHARACTER MULTIPLIER X DIRECTION
This parameter multiplies each character in the X direction. The valid range is 1 to
65536.
CMY
CHARACTER MULTIPLIER Y DIRECTION
This parameter multiplies each character in the Y direction. The valid range is 1 to
65536.
CS
CHARACTER SPACING
This parameter adjusts the spacing between each character. If this parameter is not
used, then the default for the selected character generator (CGN) is used. The values
(0-127) add dots and (128-255) subtract dots. For example, a value of 4 inserts 4 dots
between characters and a value of 131 would subtract 4 dots between characters. Bar
codes have default spacing according to the indicated multiplier. Multiplying a text
string will not multiply the spacing between characters. This element should be used to
properly space the characters.
TSP
TEXT STARTING POSITION
This parameter marks the starting position of the character in the text string to be used
as data. This is useful for allowing several fields to use sections of the same text string,
minimizing the amount of data transmitted. For example, for the text string
0123456789, A TSP of 5 and a CC (character count) of 2 would print 45. See section
5.3.4 for use of this parameter with clock fields.
,,,
RESERVED SPACES
AN
ATTRIBUTE NUMBER
If this parameter is set to a value of 2, the character spacing will be fixed/nonproportional. A value of 0 is proportional (if available). Reversed text (white on black) is
created by setting this value to 1 and printing a black box on top of the text. (Special
note: The AN of the line field should also be set to a 1 for a reversed image.) A value
of 3 will print both fixed/non-proportional character spacing and reversed text.
412 Operators Manual
31
Designing Labels Using LDS
Chapter 4
4.5.2 LINES
A line field is broken down into ten different parameters. The first position should point to any
valid text string. The next position is the X starting coordinate followed by the Y coordinate.
The next position is a constant of 6 followed by three blank positions. The next two positions
are the X size and Y size. Finally there is an attribute position. All fields defaulted must be
separated by commas, and a carriage return must follow each graphics field definition.
The following is a list of line field mnemonics and their default values:
1,XB,YB,,6,,,,XS,YS,,,,,AN
1, 1, 1,,6,,,, 1, 1,,,,, 0
Note: All values must be positive integers.
TSN
TEXT STRING NUMBER
This value should point to any valid text string (the string must contain at least one
character in order for the line to print). A period character is typically used to mark a line
field but any character may be used. The line will not print if it’s TSN points to a blank
text string.
XB
X BEGINNING COORDINATE
The X coordinate of the field is measured in dots. The far left edge of the label as
viewed from the front of the printer is X coordinate 1. There is no X coordinate 0. The X
coordinate increases in size from left to right (see Figure 7). An XB of 203 would place
the line one inch from the left side of the label. The valid range is limited to the print
head width (832).
YB
Y BEGINNING COORDINATE
The Y coordinate of the field is measured in dots. A YB of one would be specified as
the first edge of the label coming out of the front of the printer during a label print. The
Y coordinate increases in size from the bottom to the top of the label (see Figure 7). A
YB of 203 would place the line one inch from the bottom of the label. The valid range is
1 to 65536.
CONSTANT FIELD
This field is always defaulted.
CONSTANT FIELD
This field should be set to a value of 6.
CONSTANT FIELDS
The next 3 fields are always defaulted.
XS
X SIZE
The X size of the line. Valid range is 1 to 832.
YS
Y SIZE
The Y size of the line. Valid range is 1 to 65536.
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412 Operators Manual
Chapter 4
Designing Labels Using LDS
,,,,,
CONSTANT FIELDS
The next 4 fields are always defaulted.
AN
ATTRIBUTE NUMBER
If set top a value of 1, the line will not reverse any text that is printed under it. A value
of 0 will instruct the printer to reverse any field that is under it (“reverse video” or “white
print on a black background”). (Note: The line field will only reverse text that has
already been printed on the label. Therefore, to produce a reversed image, the line field
MUST be printed AFTER the image field.)
MAKING LINES
Program sample: Lines
^D57
4
1,50,500,,6,,,,150,10
1,100,50,,6,,,,10,500
1,250,50,,6,,,,10,500
1,250,250,,6,,,,150,10
^D56
^D2
.
^D3
Lines
Figure 8
412 Operators Manual
33
Designing Labels Using LDS
4.5.3
Chapter 4
A SAMPLE SESSION (FIELDS)
Looking at the sample label...
^D57
5,812,1218,,20,35
1,250,1068,8,1,5,,,2,2
2,200,900,11,1,5,,,2,2
3,175,760,26,1,5
4,295,560,11,1,5
4,110,50,11,16,3,,,3,406
^D56
^D2
Microcom
Corporation
Thermal Printing Solutions
01234567890
^D3
A label format is coming
Header information
Field #1 information
Field #2 information
Field #3 information
Field #4 information
Field #5
Select RAM Format
Text Data is Coming
Text String #1
Text String #2
Text String #3
Print Label 1
... and referring to Field #1.
1,250,1068,8,1,5,,,2,2
1
-
250
-
1068
8
-
1
-
5
,,,
2
2

-
Field refers to text string #1 - Microcom. This field
could have referred to Corporation, if it had a TSN of
2. The fields do not have to be in any kind of order
with respect to the data fields.
X beginning (XB) 250 dots from left edge of the print
head.
Y beginning (YB) 1068 dots from bottom of label.
Character Count (CC) of 8 characters, the amount of
characters in Microcom.
A TCI of 1 indicates that the data will appear on the
label as text, an ASCII string, as opposed to, for
example, a bar code.
This CGN selection of 5 selects an 14pt font.
This will default the next two positions.
This sets the X multiplication to 2.
This sets the Y multiplication to 2.
A carriage return signals the end of this field.
The field parameters that were not defined will default. A FO and FJ of 0 will place EASY to
the right of the X coordinate with a rotation of 0 degrees. CMX and CMY will default to 1, so
the character will be the size as defined by the font. The TSN is 1, therefore the entire word
EASY will print (a TSN of 2 would have printed ASY). CLX and CLY will default to 5 and 7,
respectively, so a full character will be printed.
34
412 Operators Manual
CHAPTER 5: PRINTER COMMANDS
The 412 printer has a large and versatile collection of control codes to meet the special needs
of labeling applications. Most of the commands use a ^D control sequence, however the printer
also recognizes a selected number of other control sequences.
For all the commands listed in this manual, the 412 will recognize either the one-character
control character or the two-character caret and alpha character sequence. In other words, for
a PC key board, the same command can be generated either by holding down the control key
and pressing the letter or by entering two characters - the ^ (a caret, the character generated if
you press the Shift key and the 6) and an alpha character (upper or lower case).
To protect against errors, in situations where two-character caret-alpha sequences are used
exclusively as printer commands, control character recognition can be disabled. This is done
either through software dip switch #1 (^D21) or command ^D93.
Some main-frame and mini-computers cannot use the ASCII '^' character. In these cases
substitute the ASCII pipe symbol '|' or use the one character control-code representation.
The caret and pipe characters can be used in text or bar codes by entering them twice.
5.1
SPECIAL PRINTER CONTROL CODES
The following control characters perform special functions. All other control characters are
ignored. Some of these instructions are also accessible through a ^D sequence.
^A
Accumulator Mode: Used to supply parameters for ^D commands.
These parameters must be positive integers and are generally decimal numbers but
they can however be binary if preceded by an ASCII B. (^AB00000001^D21  equals
^A1^D21>
^B
Text entry mode: Instructs the printer to enter printable text entry mode. This
command (or the preferred ^D2) must be sent before the text information. This
command is equivalent to ^D2 but does not require a  after it (^Btext data string).
Because control B is shorter it is easier to use in direct terminal mode. In general it is
better to use ^D2 inside a file or program.
^C
Print a label: Starts the print cycle or batch. This command is equivalent to ^D3 but
does not require a  after it. Because control C is shorter than ^D3 it is easier to use
in direct terminal mode. In general it is better to use ^D3 inside a file or program.
^D
Command Mode: Used to issue commands to the printer. This command is normally
preceded by a ^A sequence (see above). ^D commands must be terminated with a  or
another control sequence (^A9^D73^D3 equals ^A9^D73 and ^D3.
^E
Printer enquiry: See section 5.2 for more details (equivalent to five NULL’s or a ^D5).
The ^E command does not require a  after it. If Binary Compression is enabled, the ^E
and ^D5  commands will not function and five NULL characters should be sent
instead. Because Binary Compression is enabled by default, it is wise to use the five
NULL character method when possible.
412 Operators Manual
35
Printer Commands
^M
^H
Chapter 5
Terminate text or data string: Must be used to terminate a text or data string. (Same
as a carriage return or enter key on a PC keyboard.)
(DEL) Deletes the last printable character entered: This is usually only used when
communicating to the printer through the keyboard. (Same as the backspace key on a
PC keyboard.)
^K
Print test label: A test label consists of a series of diagonal lines. It is useful in
determining the condition of the dots on the print head (equivalent to ^D11).
^L
Form Feed. (Equivalent to ^D12)
^Q
XON: Instructs the printer to continue sending data.
^S
XOFF: Instructs the printer to stop sending data.
5.2
PRINTER ENQUIRIES
It is important for the host computer to know the status of the printer as labels are produced.
This facilitates security in the system and flags electrical and mechanical errors. Enquiries also
aid the system designer in adjusting the pace of the printer with that of the operator.
The 412 printer is capable of returning responses to enquiries in three different ways
depending on how the machine is programmed (see software dip switch #1, ^D21, section 5.3.
The text equivalent response returns a defining word, giving the state of the machine. The ^
equivalent returns an ASCII '^' response followed by the defining alpha character. The controlcode equivalent returns an actual control code.
The printer will send to the host one of the following responses in response to a series of 5
NULL characters (The ^E or ^D5 commands can be used if binary compression is disabled.
Refer to soft switch 3 position 7 in chapter 5.3.1):
Enquiry Responses
TEXT
>READY<
>CUTTER ERROR<
>RIBBON BROKE<
>HEAD IS UP<
>DATA ERROR<
>TAKE LABEL<
>LOW STOCK<
>RESTARTED<
>OVER TEMP<
>UNDER VDD<
>OVER VDD<
>INPUT 1<
^ALPHA or
CONTROL CODE
DEFINITION
Normal condition
Cutter cannot rotate
Printer is out of ribbon
Print head is raised
Communication error
Printer is waiting for a label to be taken
Out of paper
Printer has been reset
Head temperature is high
VDD voltage is low
VDD voltage is high
Optional INPUT 1 sensor triggered
^F
^G
^K
^L
^U
^V
^Y
^Z
^]
^\
^^
Table 7
36
412 Operators Manual
Chapter 5
Printer Commands
5.3
SENDING ^D PRINTER COMMANDS
Unless other-wise specified, these commands are entered by sending a ^DXX where XX is the
command number. It is followed by a carriage return or another control code. Some commands
load data or control numbers and are preceded by a ^AXX, where XX represents the data or
control number. Unless otherwise specified, command codes should precede or follow the
actual format layout. They should be placed before the ^D57 or just before the print command
^D3.
All commands not listed in 5.3.1 (the dip switches and non-volatile commands section) are not
retained when the printer is turned off and if desired, must be sent again upon power-up.
When possible, the following commands are grouped by function. See the quick reference
command summary in Appendix D for a listing by number.
Example of Command usage:
^A3^D75^D3 (This sequence will print a batch of three labels).
5.3.1 SOFTWARE DIP SWITCHES AND NON-VOLATILE COMMANDS
The following commands are different from the other printer commands in that they are stored
in non-volatile memory and configure the machine upon power-up. Once sent to the printer,
they do not need to be sent again.
The following commands are loaded on power-up. Although they can be set, they will not be
used until the printer has been restarted. The printer will not use these settings until this is
done.
412 Operators Manual
37
Printer Commands
^A
^D
21
Chapter 5
COMMAND
Change SW1: Software dip switch #1. The dip switches are the only commands
that do not use the ^A parameters. Instead, they use a ^AB sequence followed
by an 8 digit 0 or 1 code.
For example: ^AB10100001^D21 will configure serial port #1 for text
equivalent enquiry response, accept control codes, disable echo, and enable
XON/XOFF flow control.
12345678
^ABxxxxxxxx
*******.Q 1=XON/XOFF Enable, 0=Disable
******.)Q 1=8 Data Bits, 0=7 Data Bits
*****.))Q 1=Echo Enable, 0=Disable
****.)))Q 1=No Parity, 0=Enable Parity
***.))))Q 1=Odd Parity, 0=Even Parity
**.)))))Q 1=Ignore Control Codes, 0=Accept
*.)))))))))),
.)))))))))),* Enquiry Response
00 = Control Codes
10 = Text Equivalent
11 = ^ Equivalent
Position:
1,2
3
4
5
6
7
8
38
Enquiry Response: This determines what the printer will send back in response
to an enquiry. See chapter 5.
Control Codes: This switch setting will allow or disallow printer response to
control codes (below 20h).
Not Used
Not Used
Echo: If this feature is enabled, the printer will echo all received characters to
the serial port.
Not Used
XON/XOFF: Enable or disable XON/XOFF software handshaking. CTS/RTS
hardware handshaking is always enabled.
412 Operators Manual
Chapter 5
^A
^D
22
Printer Commands
COMMAND
Change SW2: Software dip switch #2. Below is the ^AB sequence:
12345678
^ABxxxxxxxx
*******.)))),
******.)))),*
*****.)))),**
*****
Power-up Label Format
*****
000=No Power-up Format
*****
001=ROM or Saved Format File 1
*****
010=ROM or Saved Format File 2
*****
011=ROM or Saved Format File 3
*****
100=ROM or Saved Format File 4
*****
101=ROM or Saved Format File 5
*****
110=ROM or Saved Format File 6
*****
111=ROM or Saved Format File 7
****.))))Q 1=Use Saved Format File, 0=Rom Format
***.)))))Q 1=Print Button Enable, 0=Disable
**.))))))Q 1=Disable Button Use, 0=Enable
*.)))))))Q 1=>RESTARTED< Response Enable, 0=Disable
.))))))))Q 1=Clear Text Enable, 0=Disable
Position:
1
2
3
4
5
6,7,8
Clear Text Function: If enabled, all variable text strings will be erased when a
^D2 is processed.
>RESTARTED< Response: If the printer has been reset and this switch has
been enabled, the printer will respond with to the first poll by sending the
>RESTARTED< message. If additional enquiries are made the printer will
respond normally. The >RESTARTED< message is only sent once after reset.
Button Use: Set to 1, the printer will not allow button use, even for paper feed.
Print Button: If set to 0, the button may be held to feed paper but will only print
a blank label if tapped (Functions as a “disable label reprint” switch)
Power-up Format Type: Defines the power-up label format. This parameter
determines whether to use a saved format file for the power-up label, or a ROM
format (defined by positions 6, 7, and 8). The saved format file must be battery
backed to use the saved format file feature. See Appendix C for configuration
instructions and section 5.3.7 for saved format file information. Please consult
your service organization if changes or additions to the fixed ROM formats are
required.
Power-up Label Format: These switches are used in conjunction with switch 5
above. They determine which stored format is loaded at power-up. The printer
can be instructed not to load a format at power-up by setting all three switches
to 0. (Please note: The printer will not print unless a valid format has been
loaded. A format may be loaded by using these switches to automatically load a
previously stored format or by simply sending non-stored format to the printer.)
412 Operators Manual
39
Printer Commands
^A
^D
23
Chapter 5
COMMAND
Change SW3: Software dip switch #3. Below is the ^AB sequence:
12345678
^ABxxxxxxxx
*******.
******.Q
*****.)Q
****.))Q
***.)))Q
**.))))Q
**
*.)))))Q
.))))))Q
Position:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
40
Detect Black Line On Power-up
1=Enable Binary Compression, 0=Disable
Always 0
Always 0
Always 0
1=Send Response After Print
0=No Response After Print
1=Invert >INPUT 1< Polarity, 0=Normal
1=Disable Extended ASCII, 0=Enable
Extended ASCII: If enabled, characters over 7F hex will be processed.
Invert >INPUT 1< Polarity: The >INPUT 1< message is normally returned when
the associated reflective sensor detects a signal. The polarity of this signal
should be inverted when used as a stock level sensor. (This feature is currently
available only on the model 322M printer)
Response After Print: If enabled, an enquiry response will be sent back
through the first serial port after every print.
Always 0
Always 0
Always 0
Binary Compression: If enabled, the printer will accept downloaded binary
compressed font or graphic files and enquiry responses must be sent using the
five NULL character method.
Detect Black Line on Power-up: If this bit is set, the printer will automatically
run a few labels and correctly set the ^D91 value.
412 Operators Manual
Chapter 5
^A
^D
24
Printer Commands
COMMAND
Change SW4: Change software dip switch #4. Below is the ^AB sequence.
12345678
^ABxxxxxxxx
*******.)))))),
******.)))))),*
*****.)))))),**
****.)))))),***
****
0000 = Not decoded (8 bit)
****
0001 = Danish (7 bit)
****
0010 = 860 (8 bit)
****
0011 = Spanish (7 bit)
****
0100 = 850 (8 bit)
****
0101 = German (7 bit)
****
0110 = 865 (8 bit)
****
0111 = Swiss (7 bit)
****
1000 = 852 (8 bit)
****
1001 = French (7 bit)
****
1010 = 863 (8 bit)
****
1011 = Swedish (7 bit)
****
1100 = 437 (8 bit)
****
1101 = Italian (7 bit)
****
1110 = British (7 bit)
****
1111 = US English (7 bit)
****
***.)))))Q 1=Auto-size on Power-up, 0=Disable
**.))))))Q 1=Blow-hole Sensing Enable, 0=Disable
*.)))))))Q 1=External Print Request Enable,
0=Disable
.))))))))Q 1=Enable Slashed Zeros, 0=Disable
Position:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Slashed Zeros: If enabled, the printer will print a slash through the embedded
zero characters.
External Print Request: If enabled, the printer will check Pin 7 of the 9 Pin
serial connector located on the rear of the printer. If Pin 7 is low, the printer will
begin printing the currently loaded label and will continue to print new labels
until the signal is high.
Blow-hole Stock: Enable this position when using blow-hole or cut-slot stock:
Stock that uses a hole instead of a gap to separate labels.
Auto-size on power-up: When enabled, the printer automatically sizes the label
stock when turned on. The printer then uses these header values for all
subsequent label formats. See the ^D39 command in section 5.3 for more
information on auto-sizing.
Code Page Selection
Code Page Selection
Code Page Selection
Code Page Selection
412 Operators Manual
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Printer Commands
^A
XX
^D
36
5.3.2
PRINTING COMMANDS
Chapter 5
COMMAND
Adjust Contrast Base: Used to adjust the contrast base point for such things
as high-speed paper and print head wear. This command is stored in the
EEPROM and skews the entire contrast window (^D35). This command has a
^A range of 10 to 200%.
The following commands initiate label printing or define the number of labels to be printed.
^D
3
Command
Print Command: Prints a single label or starts the printing of a batch of labels.
This is usually the last command in a format file.
11
Print Test: Prints a label with diagonal lines that is useful in determining the
condition of wear of the print head. (Equivalent to ^K)
12
Form Feed: (Equivalent to ^L) Prints a blank label.
70
Clear commands 72-76.
XX
73
Load copies count: Tells the printer to print multiple copies without
incrementing serial numbers. This command can be used in conjunction with the
^D75 (load print count) to allow duplicate copies to be made inside a batch. For
example, the following command string will print a total of 150 labels; three
copies of each serial number and 50 different numbers
(^A3^D73^A50^D75^D3).
1
74
Infinity Print: Prints a batch of labels but will continue to print until the printer is
turned off. This command is most useful in tag/tear or peel-and-dispense
modes. ^A1 activates this mode. Can be used with serial numbers. Example
usage: ^A1^D74^D3 - Prints until printer turned off or paused, using the front
panel button.
XX
75
Load Label Count: Tells the printer to print a batch of labels using the serial
number function if enabled. Can be used in conjunction with load copies count
(^D73). The batch of labels will be printed when a ^D3 is executed. Therefore,
this must precede a ^D3 command. The only difference between this command
and ^D73 is in the ability of this command to increment and decrement
sequential numbers in the batch. See section 5.3 for more information. Example
usage: ^A20^D74^D3 - Prints 20 serial number labels.
^A
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412 Operators Manual
Chapter 5
^A
XXX
Printer Commands
^D
76
COMMAND
Load Delay Time Between Printed Labels: Delays the printing between labels
in a batch. Preceded by ^A which contains the wait in 1/10ths of a second
increments. The maximum value is 650. Example usage: ^A10^D76 introduces a one second delay between printed labels.
5.3.3 AUTO-SIZING AND VALID GAP COMMANDS
The auto-size feature gives important format file values for the label header. These values are:
LSY GAP AGD SPG ^D91 Value -
Label height
Distance between labels
Steps until activating gap detector
Steps past gap
States transmissive properties of stock to the gap detector. See
^D91 definition later in this section. This value is obtained from
auto-sizing and should be inserted as the ^A value associated
with the ^D91 command. This must be done whenever stock is
changed.
When auto-size is executed, a sample of approximately 10 labels will run through the
printer. The printer averages the values it receives from these labels.
To auto-size labels that use a black line instead of a gap, first execute a ^A1^D47 to
put the unit in black line mode.
To auto-size blow-hole stock, set software dip switch 4 for blow-hole stock (see section
5.3.1) and then auto-size.
There is also a power-up auto-size feature as defined in section 5.3.3, ^D24.
412 Operators Manual
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Printer Commands
^A
^D
39
Chapter 5
Command
Auto-Size Label:
0
Clears the use of auto-size values set by ^A1^D39.
1
Uses the values obtained for the variables above instead of what the user
supplies in the header of the file format. This will not display the variables on the
screen.
2
Automatically sizes the label and displays on the screen the values for the size
variables. These values should be placed in the label header for that stock.
3
Same as ^A2^D39, but prints the values on a label, instead of on the screen.
5
Diagnostic Mode
(Note: The LCB should be set to 1 before auto-sizing black line stock.
^A1^D47)
XX 91
44
Gap Detection Sensitivity: The proper value may be obtained using the
auto-size (^D39) command. The ^A value sets the point (0-255) at which
the printer detects a gap or black mark. When the printer is powered on
or reset, this command will default to 30 if using the transmissive sensor
and 120 if using the reflective sensor. Although the default value should
work properly with most media, it is a good idea to place this command
at the beginning of all format files in order to guarantee that it has not
been changed by another user or application. If this value is not correct,
the printer may not detect the end of the label and may feed extra media
or stop too soon.
412 Operators Manual
Chapter 5
Printer Commands
5.3.4
REAL-TIME CLOCK
^A
^D
30
Command
Change Clock: Use the sequence below to set the time and date of the optional
real-time socket:
^D30
HH:MM:SS
DD/MM/YY/W
HH = hours (24 hour format) MM = month
MM = minutes
DD = day of month
SS = seconds
YY = last 2 digits of year
W = day of the week
1 = SUN
2 = MON
3 = TUE
4 = WED
5 = THR
6 = FRI
7 = SAT
The optional clock produces a string of text that is accessed through use of a
TSN of 0 (See Table 10 for definitions of field parameters).
The text string is shown below...
HH:MM:SS MM/DD/YY XXX DD/MM/YY XXX
...where xxx is the day of the week.
These values should be inserted into the Field parameters for proper clock text access:
Clock Field Parameters
TSN
TSP
CC
TEXT
0
1
8
HH:MM:SS
0
10
8
MM/DD/YY
0
19
3
Day of Week
0
23
8
DD/MM/YY
0
32
3
Day of Week
Table 8
412 Operators Manual
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Printer Commands
^A
^D
31
Chapter 5
Command
Show Clock: This command will send the date and time to the serial port.
Sample formats using the clock function:
^D57
3
0,410,100,12,16,2,,4,2,60,2,23
0,410,25,12,1,5,,4,,,,23
1,410,200,20,1,5,,4
^D56
^D2
EUROPEAN DATE FORMAT
^D3
European Date Format
Figure 9
^D57
3
0,410,100,12,16,2,,4,2,60,2,10
0,410,25,12,1,5,,4,,,,10
1,410,200,20,1,5,,4
^D56
^D2
US DATE FORMAT
^D3
US Date Format
Figure 10
^D57
2
0,410,25,34,1,5,,4
1,410,100,22,1,5,,4
^D56
^D2
UNMODIFIED DATE STRING
^D3
Unmodified Date Format
Figure 11
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412 Operators Manual
Chapter 5
5.3.5
Printer Commands
SERIAL NUMBER COMMANDS
The following commands, ^D80 through ^D89, refer to the serial number function of the 412
printer. The 412 can increment or decrement any single serial number on the label by any
amount. However, if there is more than one serial number on the label, then all serial number
fields can only increment or decrement by one. Single and multiple serial commands cannot be
implemented on the same label. Please note that the ^D57 command will clear most of the
serial number commands. Therefore, all serial number commands should be placed either
after the ^D56 command, or just before the print command ^D3.
The following two commands are valid for both serial number functions:
^A ^D Command
80
Clears Commands 86, 88, 89.
81
Disable Serial Number Function: Will disable either single or multiple serial
number commands.
The next three commands deal with single serial number functions:
XX
84
Load Text String Number to increment/decrement: Tells the printer which text
string number to increment or decrement. See section 4.4 on text string
numbers. The ^A value states which string is adjusted.
XX
85
Load increment/decrement step value: This is the value that the single serial
number is incremented or decremented. ^A specifies the step value.
86
Single Serial Number Status:
Disable increment and decrement.
Enable increment. The serial number will be incremented by the value from
^D85.
Enable Decrement. The serial number will be decremented by the value from
^D85.
0
1
2
The next three commands determine the status of multiple serial numbers:
XX
87
Load Field Number to Clear Increment/Decrement status: Clear the status of
one or more serial numbers with this command. Example: ^A1^D87 will
command the printer not to increment/decrement field number one anymore.
XX
88
Load Field Number to Increment by 1: ^A specifies which field.
XX
89
Load Field Number to Decrement by 1: ^A specifies which field.
412 Operators Manual
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Printer Commands
^A
XX
^D
75
Chapter 5
Command
Load Label Count: Tells the printer to print a batch of labels using the serial
number function if enabled. Can be used in conjunction with load copies count
(^D73, see section 5.3). The batch of labels will be printed when a ^D3 is
executed. Therefore, this must precede a ^D3 command. The only difference
between this command and ^D73 is in the ability of this command to increment
and decrement serial numbers in the batch.
A sample program using the single serial number feature:
^D57
1
1,416,25,2,1,5
^D56
^A2^D86
^A1^D84
^A5^D85
^A3^D75
^D2
20
^D3
A sample program using the multiple serial number feature:
^D57
3
1,400,25,4,1,5
2,100,75,4,1,5
3,100,125,4,1,5
^D56
^A2^D88
^A1^D88
^A3^D89
^A3^D75
^D2
100
200
300
^D3
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Chapter 5
Printer Commands
5.3.6 SAVING FORMAT COMMANDS
The printer can store up to 128 format files in RAM. Once stored, these files can be loaded
from memory at very high speeds. With the use of battery backed RAM socket, the printer will
retain these format files after the removal of power. The printer can be configured through
software dip switch 2 (see Section 5.3.1), to automatically process the file at power up. The
printer treats these files exactly as if they were sent through the communication port.
The maximum number of stored files depends on the size of the files and the amount of
memory installed in the printer. The standard 512K RAM configuration offers 448K of format
storage area .
^A
XX
^D
54
Command
Send Saved Format File to Serial Port: ^A selects which one (1-128).
XX
58
Process Saved Format: ^A selects which user entered format (1-128) is to be
printed.
XX
59
Save Format File: ^A selects which slot (1-128) in which the user entered
format is to be placed. The format file must be terminated by an ESC (1B hex)
character.
XX
66
Clear Single Stored Label Format: ^A select which slot to clear (1-128).
100
Clear User RAM: This command will clear all downloaded fonts, graphics, and
stored label formats. This command must be issued before saving format files or
when saved format files need to be changed. There is no way to erase or
change a single slot.
USAGE:
Before sending the first downloadable format file, graphic, or font, the RAM must be
initiated by sending ^D100. When this command is issued, all previously saved files
will be erased. Therefore, it also works as a memory clear operation. Only use this
command before sending the first file or when a total RAM clear is needed.
Next send the ^A1^D59 command sequence. This indicates to the printer that file #1
of a possible 128 is being sent to the printer. After this command, follows the format
file.
The format file must be terminated with an escape character (1B hex) so that the printer
knows that the complete file has been sent down.
To access the stored file, serially send ^A1^D58, where ^A1 indicates the number of
the file that is accessed. The printer will now process the stored file.
All proceeding files sent to the printer to be saved also receive the ^AX^D59 command,
where X denotes the number of the file. Be sure that the ^D100 command is not sent
again. This will erase all stored files.
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Printer Commands
Chapter 5
It is important to note that the saved format file mode works very well with variable text.
Configure the format file with all the positioning data, header information and fixed text.
Terminate the file with an escape character. The format can be selected and only the
variable data needs to be sent.
To list a file that has previously been sent to the printer, use the ^AX^D54 command,
where ^AX denotes the file to be read. The printer will send the file to the serial port.
Sample files: File #1 initiates the save format file memory and downloads saved format
file #1. File #1 includes all the fixed data on the label. File #2 is the file that initiates
processing of file #1 and includes all variable data for the format. File #2 also prints the
label. File #3 shows how a second saved format would look if the entire format was in
one file.
NOTE: <ESC> = 1B hex or ^[
File #1
^D100
;Send this string first time.
^A1^D59^D57
4,288,193,5,19,30,0,1,148
1,100,20,10,1,5,0,2,1,1,,1
1,210,20,7,1,5,0,2,2,2,,11
1,152,154,12,12,,0,2,2,100,,18
1,130,54,12,32,,0,2,2,2,,18
^D56
^D2
<ESC>
File #2
^A1^D58
24 PRINTS $ 3.79 20496340379
^D3
File #3
^A2^D59^D57
4,620,161,,18,35,,73,3
1,120,110,50,1,5
2,120, 80,70,1,4
3,120, 60,70,1,4
4,120, 40,70,1,4
^D56
^D2
MICROCOM CORPORATION
8220 GREEN MEADOWS DR., N.
LEWIS CENTER, OH 43035
(740) 548-6262
<ESC>
The above file would be selected by sending an ^A2^D58.
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412 Operators Manual
Chapter 5
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5.3.7 LABEL DISPENSING COMMANDS
Peel and dispense, Tag/Tear and the optional cutter commands require the printer to advance
and retract media. The following commands define this operation.
^A
XX
^D
96
Command
Load Advance Delay: ^A specifies how many milliseconds to delay
repositioning of the label in tag/tear and peel-and-dispense modes. Example
usage: ^A1000^D96 would delay label advance by one second.
97
Tag/Tear Operation: A method of dispensing a label where the label is
advanced so the perforation between labels is on the tear bar. This allows
heavy tag stock and regular label stock to be torn off easier. The distance of
advancement may also be defined by the user, if used in conjunction with the
^D95 command. There are three modes of operation:
0
Disable tag/tear operation.
1
Advance after every print: This command instructs the printer to advance the
media, the number of steps specified using the ^D95 command, between each
label printed. Once advanced, the printer will wait for the label to be removed.
When the label is removed, the printer will retract the media the number of steps
specified using the ^D95 command. This command will assume a default ^D95
value of 162 and utilizes the optional Label Taken Sensor.
2
Advance after copies count: This command instructs the printer to advance the
media, the number of steps specified using the ^D95 command, after printing
the number of labels specified by the copies count (^D73) or labels count (^D75)
commands. Once advanced, the printer will wait for the labels to be removed.
When the labels are removed, the printer will retract the media the number of
steps specified using the ^D95 command. This command will assume a default
^D95 value of 162 and utilizes the optional Label Taken Sensor.
3
Advance when idle: After printing a label, if no other label is being processed,
this command instructs the printer to advance the media the number of steps
specified using the ^D95 command. When the printer receives the next print
request, it will retract the media the number of steps specified using the ^D95
command and continue to process the next label. This command will assume a
default ^D95 value of 162 and does not use the optional Label Taken Sensor. It
was created to allow users to tear off media whenever the printer is not printing.
98
Peel-and-Dispense Mode: This command should be used when the printer is
configured to automatically peel labels from the backing paper. It instructs the
printer to advance the media, the number of steps specified using the ^D95
command, between each print cycle. Once advanced, the printer will wait for the
label to be removed. When the label is removed, the printer will retract the
media the number of steps specified using the ^D95 command. This command
uses the optional Label Taken Sensor. It is very similar to the ^A1^D97
command but assumes a default ^D95 value of 83. Normally this value should
412 Operators Manual
51
Printer Commands
Chapter 5
be adjusted so that the printed label remains slightly short of falling off of the
peel bar.
0
1
2
Turn off peel and dispense mode with ^D98.
Turn on peel and dispense mode.
(Custom Applicator Mode - peel and dispense without delay.)
99
0
1
2
3
Cutter Control: This command will enable or disable full and/or partial cuts.
Command 102 and 103 can be used to set the cut intervals. The Full Cut
Interval (^D102) and the Partial Cut Interval (^D103) may be used at the same
time but where a full and partial cut coincide, only the full cut will be preformed.
(Partial cuts are only available if the full/partial cutter was installed. If this
command is set to a value of 2, the printer will pause after the partial cut and
wait for the user to take the label.) The cut point is adjusted using the ^D95
command. The ^D99 command will assume a default ^D95 value of 155.
Disable cutter.
Enable Full Cut
Enable Partial Cut
Enable Full and Partial Cut
XX
95
Load User Defined Steps for Label to Advance: This command is used in
conjunction with the tag/tear (^D97), peel-and-dispense (^D98) and cutter
(^D99) commands. It is used to adjust the number of steps that the printer will
advance and retract media. While the maximum value is 64,000 steps, it is not
recommended that the number of steps create a situation where the entire label
is back fed into the printer. This may create a label jam in the printer when the
back edge of the label meets the print head.
5.3.8
TEXT STRINGS COMMANDS
^A
^D
60
Command
Clears command 61
XX
61
Mark Text Starting Position: ^A designates which text field to start entering
new data. This is useful for creating variable data fields after a string of fixed
data fields. ^AXX^D61 marks the text starting position, where XX is the text
string number where the new text will begin. If XX is a 2, the first line of new text
entered following a ^D2 will overwrite text line two. If two new text strings are
entered, the existing text lines two and three will be over-written. If three new
text strings are entered, the existing lines two, three and four will be overwritten,
and so forth.
62
Pre-padded Text: This command is used to pre-pad data. Any data already
loaded into a field will be retained if the ^D62 command is sent. The following is
an example:
^D57
<header>
<field definition1>
<field definition2>
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Printer Commands
<field definition3>
^D56
^D2
A
B
C
^D62
^D2
line1
line2
line3
^D3
The above example would print:
Aline1
Bline2
Cline3
63
0
1
Disable 1 & 2.
Enable auto-print mode: If this command is selected, the printer will accept new
text strings without the need to send a ^D2 command. The printer will also autoprint a label when the number of received text string equals the number
specified using the ^D64 command. This mode is very useful when interfacing
to a scale, bar code wand or other simple host.
Clear all previous text upon receiving new data. When one or more characters
of new text is entered, the existing text area will be erased in its entirety. The
printer can be programmed to enter this mode automatically upon power-up by
setting position 7 of software dip switch 2 (See ^D21, section 5.3.1).
Enable 1 & 2.
2
3
XX
Text Mode Control: Allows entry of new text without a ^D2 and/or clears all text
when new text is added. The following ^AXX values have the following effects:
64
Auto-Print String Count: This command is used in conjunction with the
^A1^D63 auto-print command. The ^A value sets the number of text strings to
accept before printing. When the printer is in auto-print mode, it is not necessary
to send a ^D2 to enter new text or to send a ^D3 to print a label. The printer
will accept incoming text strings and print a label as soon as the number of
strings equals the amount specified by the ^D64 command.
This is an example of the D63, 64 and 65 Commands...
^A0^D64
^D57
11,832,640,,20,36
1,47,463,10,1,2
2,416,439,20,1,3,,4
3,416,412,25,1,3,,4
4,416,385,25,1,3,,4
5,47,350,10,1,2
6,307,503,30,1,3
7,60,207,29,1,5
412 Operators Manual
;clear any old settings
;load new format mode
;header
;field info
;field info
;field info
;field info
;field info
;field info
;field info
53
7,416,277,20,16,2,,4,2,50,2
8,60,149,29,1,5
9,60,090,29,1,5
10,60,031,29,1,5
^D56
^D2
SHIP FROM:
MICROCOM CORPORATION
8220 GREEN MEADOWS DR., N.
LEWIS CENTER, OH 43035
SHIP TO:
Order No: XXX
77777777777777777777777777777777777777
88888888888888888888888888888888888888
99999999999999999999999999999999999999
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
^A3^D63
^A5^D64
^A6^D61
54
;field info
;field info
;field info
;field info
;select RAM format
;begin text entry mode
;data line 01 (protected)
;data line 02 (protected)
;data line 03 (protected)
;data line 04 (protected)
;data line 05 (protected)
;data line 06
;data line 07
;data line 08
;data line 09
;data line 10
;enable auto print and clear text
;tell printer to print after 6 (CR)
;tell printer to start new data entry
at data line 6 instead of 1
412 Operators Manual
CHAPTER 6: DOWNLOADABLE GRAPHIC IMAGES
The 412 printer has 255 slots available for storing fonts or graphics. Existing graphic images
can be converted to the proper format using either the "PCX2MIC.EXE" or “BMP2MIC.EXE”
software utilities. The graphic image format sections are provided to support developers that
wish to create 412 graphic files from within their own applications.
6.1
USING THE GRAPHIC CONVERSION UTILITIES
The following section details the process required to convert and download graphics. The
conversion utilities "PCX2MIC.EXE" and “BMP2MIC.EXE” may be downloaded at
http://www.microcomcorp.com . These 16 bit DOS utilities convert PCX or BMP type graphic
images to a format suitable for downloading to the 412 printer.
6.1.1 PCX2MIC.EXE PROGRAM
A) Run the program - PCX2MIC
B) Follow the on screen instructions and note the slot # the image was placed in.
C) Make sure the slot is clear. Printer memory can be cleared using the ^D100 command.
D) Download resulting file (filename.N12 or .R12) file to printer
E) Section 4.5.3 explains how to access loaded images.
6.1.2 BMP2MIC.EXE PROGRAM
A) Run the program - BMP2MIC
B) Follow the on screen instructions and note the slot # the image was placed in.
C) Make sure the slot is clear. Printer memory can be cleared using the ^D100 command.
D) Download resulting file (filename.N12 or .R12) file to printer
E) Section 4.5.3 explains how to access loaded images.
6.2
GRAPHIC IMAGE DOWNLOAD METHODS
The model 412 supports compressed and uncompressed graphic image and font downloads.
The compressed format (^D107) shortens download time by reducing the number of bytes sent
to the printer. Please note that the compressed format is only usable on 8 bit data connections
and will not function using a 7 bit connection. The uncompressed format (^D104) is usable on
7 or 8 bit data connections. The ^D104 method is more flexible but it encodes the image data
using ASCII-HEX. This results in a much larger file size. Microcom Corporation recommends
using the compressed format when possible.
6.2.1 COMPRESSED BINARY IMAGE COMMAND (^D107)
This command allows graphic images or fonts (fonts must be less than 64KB uncompressed)
to be transmitted in binary, thereby cutting the number of bytes sent in half. Furthermore, this
command allows for data compression by converting strings of 0h or FFh bytes to shorter byteplus-count sequences. These sequences are expanded to the proper number of bytes within
the printer. This command is only useable on data connections that support 8-bit data such as
a serial port configured for 8 data bits and no parity, or a parallel port. This command will not
function correctly with a serial port configured to 7 data bits.
The following is the format of ^D107 command when used with a graphic image file.
^A <slot number> ^D107
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<rotation> <count> <image data>
Where:
<slot number> is a slot number, 1 through 255 (in ASCII). Note: The 412 uses the same TCI
for fonts and graphics. They are both accessed by using a TCI of 8. Therefore a font and a
graphic cannot have the same CGN number.
<rotation> is an 8-bit integer, 0 for an upright font and 1 for a 90-degree rotated image.
<count> is a 32-bit integer, least significant byte first. This is number of uncompressed bytes
that the image uses, not the number of bytes that will actually be transmitted. Due to
compression, the number of bytes transmitted will normally be less than this number.
<image data> is the compressed binary image. Refer to section 6.3 for a detailed description
of this data.
Compression Algorithm
The binary data that make up the image file is a run-length compressed version of the image
data described in section 6.2. Bytes with a value of 0h or FFh are followed by another byte
indicating the number of times that value is repeated.
For example, suppose the original (uncompressed) image file has a sequence of bytes like
this: (all values are in hexadecimal)
00 01 02 03 04 00 00 00 00 00 00 FF FD FF FF FF FF FF 00 FF
The encoded result would look like this:
00 00 01 02 03 04 00 05 FF 00 FD FF 04 00 00 FF 00
Here's the interpretation:
00 - the first byte is 00
00 - count of 0 - the previous 00 byte is not repeated
01 - a 01 byte
02 - a 02 byte
03 - a 03 byte
04 - a 04 byte
00 - another 00 byte in the file
05 - count of 5 - insert 5 more 00 bytes (total of 6 in sequence)
FF - a FF byte
00 - count of 0 - the previous FF byte is not repeated
FD - a FD byte
FF - another FF byte
04 - count of 4 - insert 4 more FF bytes (total of 5 in sequence)
00 - another 00 bytes
00 - count of 0 - the previous 00 byte is not repeated
FF - another FF byte
00 - count of 0 - the previous FF byte is not repeated.
The compression scheme is slightly inefficient for single occurrences of 0h or FFh, causing
these to occupy 2 bytes each. However, most image bitmaps include large areas of either
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blank space (which is coded as large numbers of 0h bytes) or black space (coded as large
numbers of FFh bytes).
If a string of more than 255 0h or FFh bytes occurs, the byte-plus-count sequence may be
repeated as often as necessary to incorporate all occurrences of the byte. For example, a
string of 1132 FFh bytes in sequence can be encoded as:
FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 6B
The first four pairs of FFh each encode 256 bytes of FFh (one for the first byte and 255
copies), totaling 1024 bytes of FFh. The next FFh byte adds another, and the 6Bh adds 107
more copies. Thus, (4 x 256) + 1 + 107 = 1132 FFh bytes.
6.2.2 UNCOMPRESSED IMAGE COMMAND (^D104)
This command allows graphic images or fonts (fonts must be less than 64KB uncompressed)
to be transmitted in ASCII-HEX, thereby allowing all image data to pass over a 7 bit
connection. This command is useable on data connections that support 7 or 8 bit data.
The following is the format of ^D104 command when used with a graphic image file.
^A <slot number> ^D104
<rotation> <count> <image data>
Where:
<slot number> is a slot number, 1 through 255 (in ASCII). Note: The 412 uses the same TCI
for fonts and graphics. They are both accessed by using a TCI of 8. Therefore a font and a
graphic cannot have the same CGN number.
<rotation> is an 8-bit integer, 0 for an upright font and 1 for a 90-degree rotated image.
<count> is a 32-bit integer, least significant byte first. This is the number of bytes that the
image uses.
<image data> is the graphic image data, described in section 6.3, which has been converted to
ASCII-HEX. (The ASCII-HEX conversion is described below.)
ASCII-HEX Conversion
The ASCII-HEX conversion is preformed by OR’ing the most significant and least significant
nibbles of every byte with 30h.
For example: To convert the byte 6C to ASCII-HEX, simply OR the first and second nibbles
with 30h. This results in two bytes 36h and 3Ch. This conversion results in a file size that is
twice a big as the source. The main advantage is that the file can be easily transmitted across
a 7 bit data connection.
6.3
GRAPHIC IMAGE DATA FORMAT
The image data consists of a set of data structures and location offsets to those structures. All
data are stored in binary form. Multi-byte values are stored least-significant-byte first.
(Word is a 16-bit value, Byte is an 8-bit value, Label is a location within the file.)
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Label start:
Word, Word, lookup_table_offset
Word tallest_char
Word widest_char
Byte default_spacing
Byte byte_width
Byte first_char
Byte last_char
Byte default_char
Label lookup_table
Word char_offset[last_char-first_char]
Label first_char_data
Word char_height
Word char_width
Byte bitmap_data[char_height][byte_width]
Chapter 6
;the beginning of the file
;distance in bytes from start to beginning
;of lookup_table (4 bytes)
;height of graphic image in dots
;width of graphic image in dots
;default spacing, usually 0
;width of graphic image in bytes
;(20h)
;(20h)
;(20h)
;beginning of lookup table
;array of offsets, one for each character in font.
;Each offset is the distance, in bytes, from start to
;the beginning of the corresponding character’s
;data structure. The first word in this array is the
;offset to the first character’s data, the last word is
;the offset to the last character's data.
;the beginning of the graphic image data
;height of this char's bitmap in dots
;width of graphic image in dots
;bitmap of char, 2d array
;The most significant bit of the first byte in each
;row prints as the right most dot of the character,
;and the first row is the bottom row when printed.
The above method allows graphic images to span 64KB memory segments. When using
graphics over 64KB, the printer will determine the number of 64KB slots required to store the
entire graphic, and will split the large file into the correct number of smaller files internally. It will
store these smaller files sequentially in the slots following the one specified in the command.
Therefore, before sending a graphic file that is 64K or more bytes long (uncompressed size),
make sure that the specified font slot and enough following slots to store the file are
unoccupied.
Graphics that are stored in multiple slots in this way may still be printed as if they are one large
graphic. In the label format, refer to the first slot (the one specified in the download command).
The printer will automatically append the additional graphic files seamlessly without additional
user intervention.
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Downloadable Graphic Images
DOWNLOADABLE GRAPHICS COMMAND SUMMARY
The following commands refer to the use of downloadable fonts and graphic images:
^A
^D
100
Command
Clear User RAM: This command will clear all downloaded fonts, graphics, and
stored label formats.
101
List Memory Bytes Available: The printer will send a < character followed by
the amount of bytes and finally a > character. (ie. >192680<)
XX
104
Load Graphic Image or Font into User Memory without Binary
Compression: ^A select which slot to place the image/font in (1-255). This
command should be used with an “ASCII-HEX” file that contains only printable
characters less than 80h. This command supports graphics over 64KB.
XX
107
Load Graphic Image or Font into User Memory using Binary Compression:
^A select which slot to place the graphic/font in (1-255). This command will
greatly reduce image download time and should be used whenever possible. It
can only be used on 8 bit data connections.
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CHAPTER 7: DOWNLOADABLE FONTS
The 412 is capable of storing up to 255 downloadable fonts or graphic images. The printer
treats downloadable fonts just like the standard bit mapped fonts mentioned in chapter 4. Both
LaserJet™ and TrueType® fonts can be converted using the "JET2412.EXE" or
“TTF2MIC.EXE” software utilities. (Note: The "JET2412.EXE" program uses the Portrait or 0
degree source rotation for both normal and rotated fonts.) Downloadable font fields use the
same structure as bit mapped fields. The only difference is that the TCI must be 8 for
downloadable fonts. The CGN refers to the actual downloaded font to be used.
7.1
USING THE FONT CONVERSION UTILITIES
The following section details the process required to convert and download fonts. The
conversion utilities may be downloaded at: http://www.microcomcorp.com. These 16 bit DOS
utilities convert fonts from the LaserJet™ SFP or TrueType® TTF formats into a format
suitable for downloading to the 412 printer.
7.1.1 SFP2MIC.EXE PROGRAM
A) Run the program SFP2MIC
B) Follow the on screen instructions and note the slot # the image was placed in.
C) Make sure the slot is clear. Printer memory can be cleared using the ^D100 command.
D) Download resulting file (filename.N12 or .R12) file to printer
E) Section 4.5.3 explains how to access loaded images.
7.1.2 TTF2MIC16.EXE PROGRAM
A) Run the program - TTF2MIC16
B) Follow the on screen instructions and note the slot # the image was placed in.
C) Make sure the slot is clear. Printer memory can be cleared using the ^D100 command.
D) Download resulting file (filename.N12 or .R12) file to printer
E) Section 4.5.3 explains how to access loaded images.
7.2
FONT DOWNLOAD METHODS
The model 412 supports compressed and uncompressed font and graphic image downloads.
The compressed format (^D107) shortens download time by reducing the number of bytes sent
to the printer. Please note that the compressed format is only usable on 8 bit data connections
and will not function using a 7 bit connection. The uncompressed format (^D104) is usable on
7 or 8 bit data connections. This ^D104 method is more flexible but it encodes the image data
using ASCII-HEX. This results in a much larger file size. Microcom Corporation recommends
using the compressed format when possible.
7.2.1 COMPRESSED BINARY IMAGE COMMAND (^D107)
This command allows fonts or graphic images (fonts must be less than 64KB uncompressed)
to be transmitted in binary, thereby cutting the number of bytes sent in half. Furthermore, this
command allows for data compression by converting strings of 0h or FFh bytes to shorter byteplus-count sequences. These sequences are expanded to the proper number of bytes within
the printer. This command is only useable on data connections that support 8-bit data such as
a serial port configured for 8 data bits and no parity, or a parallel port. This command will not
function correctly with a serial port configured to 7 data bits.
The following is the format of ^D107 command when used with a graphic image file.
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^A <slot number> ^D107
<rotation> <count> <image data>
Where:
<slot number> is a slot number, 1 through 255 (in ASCII). Note: The 412 uses the same TCI
for fonts and graphics. They are both accessed by using a TCI of 8. Therefore a font and a
graphic cannot have the same CGN number.
<rotation> is an 8-bit integer, 0 for an upright font and 1 for a 90-degree rotated image.
<count> is a 32-bit integer, least significant byte first. This is number of uncompressed bytes
that the image uses, not the number of bytes that will actually be transmitted. Due to
compression, the number of bytes transmitted will normally be less than this number.
<image data> are the compressed character images. Refer to section 7.3 for a detailed
description of this data.
Compression Algorithm
The binary data that make up the image file is a run-length compressed version of the image
data described in section 6.2. Bytes with a value of 0h or FFh are followed by another byte
indicating the number of times that value is repeated.
For example, suppose the original (uncompressed) image file has a sequence of bytes like
this: (all values are in hexadecimal)
00 01 02 03 04 00 00 00 00 00 00 FF FD FF FF FF FF FF 00 FF
The encoded result would look like this:
00 00 01 02 03 04 00 05 FF 00 FD FF 04 00 00 FF 00
Here's the interpretation:
00 - the first byte is 00
00 - count of 0 - the previous 00 byte is not repeated
01 - a 01 byte
02 - a 02 byte
03 - a 03 byte
04 - a 04 byte
00 - another 00 byte in the file
05 - count of 5 - insert 5 more 00 bytes (total of 6 in sequence)
FF - a FF byte
00 - count of 0 - the previous FF byte is not repeated
FD - a FD byte
FF - another FF byte
04 - count of 4 - insert 4 more FF bytes (total of 5 in sequence)
00 - another 00 bytes
00 - count of 0 - the previous 00 byte is not repeated
FF - another FF byte
00 - count of 0 - the previous FF byte is not repeated.
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If a string of more than 255 0h or FFh bytes occurs, the byte-plus-count sequence may be
repeated as often as necessary to incorporate all occurrences of the byte. For example, a
string of 1132 FFh bytes in sequence can be encoded as:
FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 6B
The first four pairs of FFh each encode 256 bytes of FFh (one for the first byte and 255
copies), totaling 1024 bytes of FFh. The next FFh byte adds another, and the 6Bh adds 107
more copies. Thus, (4 x 256) + 1 + 107 = 1132 FFh bytes.
7.2.2 UNCOMPRESSED IMAGE COMMAND (^D104)
This command allows fonts or graphic images (fonts must be less than 64KB uncompressed)
to be transmitted in ASCII-HEX, thereby allowing all image data to pass over a 7 bit
connection. This command is useable on data connections that support 7 or 8 bit data.
The following is the format of ^D104 command when used with a graphic image file.
^A <slot number> ^D104
<rotation> <count> <image data>
Where:
<slot number> is a slot number, 1 through 255 (in ASCII). Note: The 412 uses the same TCI
for fonts and graphics. They are both accessed by using a TCI of 8. Therefore a font and a
graphic cannot have the same CGN number.
<rotation> is an 8-bit integer, 0 for an upright font and 1 for a 90-degree rotated image.
<count> is a 32-bit integer, least significant byte first. This is the number of bytes that the
image uses.
<image data> is the character image data, described in section 7.3, which has been converted
to ASCII-HEX. (The ASCII-HEX conversion is described below.)
ASCII-HEX Conversion
The ASCII-HEX conversion is preformed by OR’ing the most significant and least significant
nibbles of every byte with 30h.
For example: To convert the byte 6C to ASCII-HEX, simply OR the first and second nibbles
with 30h. This results in two bytes 36h and 3Ch. This conversion results in a file size that is
twice a big as the source. The main advantage is that the file can be easily transmitted across
a 7 bit data connection.
7.3
FONT STRUCTURE
The following font structure is offered to programmers who with to use their own programs to
convert fonts.
Note: The 412 does not differentiate between graphics and fonts. They both are accessed by
using a TCI of 8. Therefore a font and a graphic cannot have the same CGN number.
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The font structure consists of a set of data structures and location offsets to those structures.
All data are stored in binary form. Multi-byte values are stored least-significant-byte first. A.
Word is a 16-bit value, Byte is an 8-bit value, Label is a location within the file. The Model 412
can store a font of approximately 64KB or less in any one slot.
Label start:
Word lookup_table_offset
Word tallest_char
Word widest_char
Byte default_spacing
Byte byte_width
Byte first_char
Byte last_char
Byte default_char
Label lookup_table
Word char_offset[last_char-first_char]
;the beginning of the file
;distance in bytes from start to beginning
;of lookup_table
;height of tallest char in font, in dots
;width of widest char in font, in dots
;default character spacing, usually 0
;width of all char bitmaps, in bytes
;first char code in set - usually space (20h)
;last char in set
;what char to use if it isn't in the font
;beginning of lookup table
;array of offsets, one for each character in font.
;Each offset is the distance, in bytes, from start to
;the beginning of the corresponding character’s
;data structure. The first word in this array is the
;offset to the first character's data, the last word is
;the offset to the last character's data.
Label first_char_data
Word char_height
Word char_width
;the beginning of the first char's data structure
;height of this char's bitmap in dots
;width of this char's bitmap in dots (may be
narrower
;than the width of the bitmap_data array)
Byte bitmap_data[char_height][byte_width] ;bitmap of char, 2d array
;The most significant bit of the first byte in each
row
;prints as the rightmost dot of the character, and
the
;first row is the bottom row when printed.
Label second_char_data
Word char_height
Word char_width
Byte bitmap_data[char_height][byte_width]
;the beginning of the second char's data structure
;(same definition as for first char)
;(same definition as for first char)
;(same definition as for first char)
...
(Repeat char_data structures as needed)
...
Label last_char_data
Word char_height
Word char_width
Byte bitmap_data[char_height][byte_width]
64
;the beginning of the last char's data structure
;(same definition as for first char)
;(same definition as for first char)
;(same definition as for first char)
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DOWNLOADABLE FONT COMMAND SUMMARY
The following is a list of commands referring to downloadable font functions.
^A
^D
Command
100
Clear User RAM: This command will clear all downloaded fonts, graphics, and
stored label formats.
101
List Memory Bytes Available: The printer will send a < character followed by
the amount of bytes and finally a > character. (ie. >192680<)
XX
104
Load Font or Graphic Image into User Memory without Compression: ^A
select which slot to place the font/image in (1-255). This command should be
used with an “ASCII-HEX” file that contains only printable characters less than
80h. This is useful when sending image data over a 7 bit connection.
XX
107
Load Font or Graphic Image into User Memory using Binary Compression:
^A select which slot to place the font or graphic in (1-255). This command will
greatly reduce image download time and should be used whenever possible. It
can only be used on 8 bit data connections.
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CHAPTER 8: BAR CODES
Although bar codes are accessed in the same manner as text fields, bar codes often limit or
expand the type of data that can be used. The purpose of this chapter is to explain and
eliminate many of the questions that surface when dealing with bar codes for the first time.
8.1
TYPES OF BAR CODES
Universal Product Code - Version A (UPC-A), TCI=12
The UPC-A bar code is primarily used in the supermarket industry. It contains 11 numeric data
characters and a single numeric check digit. The 412 must be provided 11 digits in order to
print a scanable bar code. The first 6 digits are supplied by the UCC council and are the
Manufacture's ID number. The next 5 digits uniquely identify each of the Manufacture's
products and are assigned by the Manufacturer. The 12th digit is the checksum and should be
omitted because the printer will automatically insert the correct value if a checksum is not sent
(Caution: The printer will accept and print an invalid check digit if an incorrect check digit is
provided). UPC-A bar codes do not use inter character spacing and therefore the character
spacing element CS must be defaulted.
Universal Product Code - Version E (UPC-E, send 11 digits), TCI=13
The UPC-E bar code is primarily used in the supermarket industry to label small packages. The
bar code algorithm uses a zero suppression routine to reduce certain 11 digit UPC-A bar codes
to only 6 numeric digits and a conversion type numeric digit. The following chart illustrates how
11 digits are reduced to only 6. (Note: When using TCI 13, the printer requires the unconverted
11 digits.) UPC-E bar codes do not use inter character spacing and therefore the character
spacing element CS must be defaulted. Note: The Manufacturer's ID number must begin with 0
in order to use UPC-E.
UPC Zero Reduction Format
SYMBOL
DECODED NUMBER
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 0
NS X1 X2 0
0
0
0
0
X3 X4 X5
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 1
NS X1 X2 1
0
0
0
0
X3 X4 X5
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 2
NS X1 X2 2
0
0
0
0
X3 X4 X5
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 3
NS X1 X2 X3 0
0
0
0
0
X4 X5
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 4
NS X1 X2 X3 X4 0
0
0
0
0
X5
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 5
NS X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 0
0
0
0
5
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 6
NS X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 0
0
0
0
6
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 7
NS X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 0
0
0
0
7
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 8
NS X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 0
0
0
0
8
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 9
NS X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 0
0
0
0
9
Table 9
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Universal Product Code - Version E (UPC-E, send 7 digits), TCI=13
TCI 13 is the same as TCI 12 except that only the actual 7 numeric digits are used to produce
the bar code. (Caution: It is very important that the valid 7 digits are used. Failure to use valid
numbers may result in incorrect bar codes.)
European Article Numbering System - Version 13 (EAN-13), TCI=20
EAN-13 is not generally used in the United States. It contains 13 digits and is constructed in
the same manner as UPC-A.
European Article Numbering System - Version 8 (EAN-8), TCI=21
EAN-8 is not generally used in the United States. It contains 8 digits and is constructed in the
same manner as EAN-13. Please note that EAN-8 does not use compression and is not a
condensed version of EAN-13 (as with UPC-A and UPC-E).
Interleaved 2 of 5 TCI=15 (I2of5)
I2of5 is a high density, variable length, numeric bar code that is used mainly in the distribution
industry. Although the data can be any length, there must always be an even number of
characters. If an odd amount of characters is required, a 0 is normally padded at the
beginning. I2of5 bar codes actually encode characters in the spaces as well as the bars.
Therefore the character spacing element (CS) must be defaulted.
Code 3 of 9 (Code 39), TCI=16
Code 39 is one of the more popular variable length, alphanumeric, bar code in use today. It
can encode numeric characters 0 through 9, all upper case letters, and the characters -.*$/+%
and space. Although most specifications require a specific inter character spacing, Code 39
will allow custom inter character spacing as long as the maximum does not exceed the timeout
zone of the intended scanning equipment.
Modified Plessey (MSI 1), TCI=24
MSI is primarily used on retail shelf labels. It is a low density and numeric only bar code due to
the amount of space that each character consumes. MSI 2 and MSI 3 are variations which
contain 1 or 2 check digits respectively.
Postnet, TCI=36
Postnet is a numeric only bar code that is used in postal applications to sort mail.
MaxiCode, TCI=38
Modes 2 through 6 of the AIM International MaxiCode specification are supported. Modes 0
and 1 are obsolete, and are not supported.
The format field to describe a MaxiCode label field shall have a TCI of 38 and a CGN with the
desired Mode (2-6).
MaxiCode may encode non-printable characters, and Modes 2 and 3 require certain control
characters for compatibility with transport industry standards. In order to specify a control
character in a MaxiCode data string without causing printer difficulties, use the pound symbol
('#') followed by two hexadecimal digits that give the value of the control character. For
example, "#01" specifies Control-A (ASCII SOH) and "#1D" specifies Control-] (ASCII GS). In
order to specify an actual pound symbol in the string, use "##". The following table shows all
the "#" equivalents that may be used.
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Data String
#00
#01
#02
#03
#04
#05
#06
#07
#08
#09
#0A
#0B
#0C
#0D
#0E
#0F
#10
#11
#12
#13
#14
#15
#16
#17
#18
#19
#1A
#1B
#1C
#1D
#1E
#1F
##
Bar Codes
Control Equiv.
control-@
control-A
control-B
control-C
control-D
control-E
control-F
control-G
control-H
control-I
control-J
control-K
control-L
control-M
control-N
control-O
control-P
control-Q
control-R
control-S
control-T
control-U
control-V
control-W
control-X
control-Y
control-Z
control-[
control-\
control-]
control-^
control-_
(NA)
ASCII Name
NUL
SOH
STX
ETX
EOT
ENQ
ACK
BEL
BS
HT
LF
VT
FF
CR
SO
SI
DLE
DC1
DC2
DC3
DC4
NAK
SYN
ETB
CAN
EM
SUB
ESC
FS
GS
RS
US
# (pound)
Hex Value
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
0A
0B
0C
0D
0E
0F
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
1A
1B
1C
1D
1E
1F
23
Control Code Equivalents for use in Data Strings
Table 10
The data string associated with a MaxiCode field shall be formatted according to the Mode
selected:
Mode 2:
Mode 2 may have either of the following formats:
[)>#1e01#1dYYPPPPPPPPP#1dCCC#1dSSS#1dA..A#1dB..B#1dC..C#1e#04
Where:
#1e is the ASCII RS character
#1d is the ASCII GS character
#04 is the ASCII EOT character
YY is the two-digit numeric year
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PPPPPPPPP is the nine-digit numeric US Postal Code. (If using a 5-digit postal code, the last
4 digits must be 0.)
CCC is the three-digit numeric Country Code. (840 in the US)
SSS is the three-digit numeric Class of Service
A..A, B..B, C..C, etc. are variable-length alphanumeric fields separated by #1d. These fields
are optional according to the MaxiCode specification, but may be required in certain
applications.
PPPPPPPPP#1dCCC#1dSSS#1dA..A#1dB..B#1dC..C#04
Where the fields are the same as those described above.
Mode 3:
Mode 3 may have either of the following formats:
[)>#1e01#1dYYPPPPPP#1dCCC#1dSSS#1dA..A#1dB..B#1dC..C#1e#04
Where:
#1e is the ASCII RS character
#1d is the ASCII GS character
#04 is the ASCII EOT character
YY is the two-digit numeric year
PPPPPP is the six-character alphanumeric Postal Code.
CCC is the three-digit numeric Country Code.
SSS is the three-digit numeric Class of Service
A..A, B..B, C..C, etc. are variable-length alphanumeric fields separated by #1d. These fields
are optional according to the MaxiCode specification, but may be required in certain
applications.
PPPPPP#1dCCC#1dSSS#1dA..A#1dB..B#1dC..C#04
Mode 4:
Mode 4 may encode any string of up to 93 characters. Control characters are specified as
described above, but occupy only 1 character in the encoded string.
Mode 5:
Mode 5 may encode any string of up to 77 characters. Control characters are specified as
described above, but occupy only 1 character in the encoded string.
Mode 6:
Mode 6 may encode any string of up to 93 characters. Control characters are specified as
described above, but occupy only 1 character in the encoded string.
Code 128, TCI=40 (Automatic Compression), TCI=41 (Manual Compression)
Code 128 is a very high density, variable length, full alphanumeric bar code. It contains 3
separate character sets (A, B, and C) and separate shift characters to access them in the
same bar code. Subset C contains 99 matched numeric pairs, each encoded as a single
character. The pairing of numeric characters allows the numeric portions of the bar code to
consume half as much space as they would using subsets A or B. The printer will default to
subset B if no start code is defined.
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412 Operators Manual
Chapter 8
Bar Codes
TCI 40 selects Automatic Compression. In this mode the printer will automatically decide which
subset is most efficient and insert the appropriate shift character. It is also possible to insert
function characters and force a subset change while in Automatic Compression mode. Please
note that the printer will automatically switch to subset C if there are 6 or more numeric
character in a row. Once the even number of numeric characters have been processed, the
printer will default back to subset B. This can cause problems if a user selects subset A but
sends 6 or more numeric digits. The user may wrongly assume that the printer has remained in
subset A when it has actually switched to subset C and then to subset B.
TCI 41 is recommended for applications that require precise control of the subset switching.
This TCI provides full control of the subsets. The printer will not try to compress the data
unless the user manually enters subset C. Once in subset C, the user must send the
appropriate # sequence to return to subset A or B. Remember, this mode assumes that the
user will not violate the code 128 bar code rules by trying to use an odd number of digits or
non-numeric characters with subset C. Doing so will cause an invalid bar code to be printed.
Code 128 Special Function Access
#
Value
CODE A
CODE B
CODE C
#0
96
FNC3
FNC3
-----
#1
97
FNC2
FNC2
-----
#2
98
SHIFT
SHIFT
-----
#3
99
CODE C
CODE C
-----
#4
100
CODE B
FNC4
CODE B
#5
101
FNC4
CODE A
CODE A
#6
102
FNC1
FNC1
FNC1
#7
103
START
-----
-----
#8
104
-----
START
-----
#9
105
-----
-----
START
##
3
#
#
-----
Table 11
The following format will insert a Subset C start character followed by a function 1.
^D57
1,832
1,100,200,30,40,,,,2,100
^D56^D2
#9#61234567890
^D3
412 Operators Manual
71
Bar Codes
Chapter 8
Codabar (Rationalized Codabar), TCI=42
The Codabar bar code is typically used to identify air shipping containers, library items and
blood information. It can encode the characters 0 through 9, -$:.+ABCD and four different
start/stop characters.
Code 93, TCI=43
Code 93 is a high density, full alphanumeric, variable length, bar code. Through the use of
reserved shift characters, it can encode all of the first 128 ASCII characters.
AS-10, TCI=44
AS-10 is not widely used. It is variable length and encodes the numeric values 1234567890
only.
PDF-417, TCI=46
PDF-417 is a two dimensional bar code.
Enter the following command before the label format:
:Text^[
number_of_rows<CR>
number_of_columns<CR>
rotation<CR>
;in degrees (0, 90, 180, 270 only)
ECC_percent<CR>
;error correction parameter
ECC_level<CR>
;level of error correction
Aspect_ratio<CR>
;must be in format of, ex., 2:3
(Where "Text" is the data to be encoded in the PDF-417 bar code. It may contain carriage
returns and other control codes. It must be terminated by the characters "^[" (without quotes)
which will not be printed.)
Enter a normal label format with a field specifying a TCI of 46 and a CC of 1.
The string associated with the field described above need contain only 1 character. It may be
any printable character, and is used only as a placeholder. This character is not printed.
UCC/EAN-128, TCI=50 (TCI=51 is the text version)
UCC/EAN-128 bar codes are actually Code 128 bar codes that have a specific data format
that contains multiple data subfields. Subfields are identified by application identifiers as
specified in UCC/EAN-128 Application Identifier Standard (January 1993, revised and
reprinted July 1995).
The UCC/EAN-128 bar code field has a TCI of 50. The CGN field is ignored.
The UCC/EAN-128 text field has a TCI of 51. The CGN selects the desired resident font for
printing the text string. In other words, use the same CGN that would be used if printing the
string with a regular resident font using a TCI of 1.
Data strings can contain one or more substrings appended onto one line. Each substring can
consists of a 2-, 3-, or 4-digit Application Identifier immediately followed by a data string
meeting the formatting requirements for that Application Identifier.
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412 Operators Manual
Chapter 8
Bar Codes
The following table is a list of supported Application Identifiers and their data format
requirements. Use this legend when reading the data format requirements:
a
n
an
a3
n3
an3
a..3
n..3
an..3
alphabetic character
numeric character
alphanumeric character
3 alphabetic characters, fixed length
3 numeric characters, fixed length
3 alphanumeric characters, fixed length
variable length up to 3 alphabetic characters
variable length up to 3 numeric characters
variable length up to 3 alphanumeric characters
AI
00
01
10
11(*)
13(*)
15(*)
17(*)
20
21
22
23(**)
240
250
30
310(***)
311(***)
312(***)
313(***)
314(***)
315(***)
316(***)
320(***)
321(***)
322(***)
323(***)
324(***)
325(***)
326(***)
327(***)
328(***)
329(***)
330(***)
331(***)
332(***)
333(***)
334(***)
Content
SSCC-18
SCC-14
Batch or Lot Number
Production Date (YYMMDD)
Packaging Date (YYMMDD)
Sell By Date (Quality) (YYMMDD)
Expiration Date (Safety) (YYMMDD)
Product Variant
Serial Number
HIBCC - Quantity, Date, Batch and Link
Lot Number (Transitional Use)
Additional Product Identification assigned by the Manufacturer
Secondary Serial Number
Quantity
Net Weight, Kilograms
Length or 1st Dimension, Meters
Width, Diameter or 2nd Dimension, Meters
Depth, Thickness, Height or 3rd Dimension, Meters
Area, Square Meters
Volume, Liters
Volume, Cubic Meters
Net Weight, Pounds
Length or 1st Dimension, Inches
Length or 1st Dimension, Feet
Length or 1st Dimension, Yards
Width, Diameter, or 2nd Dimension, Inches
Width, Diameter, or 2nd Dimension, Feet
Width, Diameter, or 2nd Dimension, Yards
Depth, Thickness, Height or 3rd Dimension, Inches
Depth, Thickness, Height or 3rd Dimension, Feet
Depth, Thickness, Height or 3rd Dimension, Yards
Gross Weight, Kilograms
Length or 1st Dimension, Meters, Logistics
Width, Diameter or 2nd Dimension, Meters, Logistics
Depth, Thickness, Height or 3rd Dimension, Meters, Logistics
Area, Square Meters, Logistics
412 Operators Manual
Format
n2+n18
n2+n14
n2+an..20
n2+n6
n2+n6
n2+n6
n2+n6
n2+n2
n2+an..20
n2+an..29
n3+n..19
n3+an..30
n3+an..30
n2+n..8
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
73
Bar Codes
AI
335(***)
336(***)
340(***)
341(***)
342(***)
343(***)
344(***)
345(***)
346(***)
347(***)
348(***)
349(***)
350(***)
351(***)
352(***)
353(***)
354(***)
355(***)
356(***)
360(***)
361(***)
362(***)
363(***)
364(***)
365(***)
366(***)
367(***)
368(***)
369(***)
400
410
411
412
414
420
421
8001
8002
8003
8100
8101
8102
90
91
74
Chapter 8
Content
Gross Volume, Liters
Gross Volume, Cubic Meters
Gross Weight, Pounds
Length or 1st Dimension, Inches, Logistics
Length or 1st Dimension, Feet, Logistics
Length or 1st Dimension, Yards, Logistics
Width, Diameter or 2nd Dimension, Inches, Logistics
Width, Diameter or 2nd Dimension, Feet, Logistics
Width, Diameter or 2nd Dimension, Yards, Logistics
Depth, Thickness, Height or 3rd Dimension, Inches, Logistics
Depth, Thickness, Height or 3rd Dimension, Feet, Logistics
Depth, Thickness, Height or 3rd Dimension, Yards, Logistics
Area, Square Inches
Area, Square Feet
Area, Square Yards
Area, Square Inches, Logistics
Area, Square Feet, Logistics
Area, Square Yards, Logistics
Net Weight, Troy Ounce
Volume, Quarts
Volume, Gallons
Gross Volume, Quarts
Gross Volume, Gallons
Volume, Cubic Inches
Volume, Cubic Feet
Volume, Cubic Yards
Gross Volume, Cubic Inches
Gross Volume, Cubic Feet
Gross Volume, Cubic Yards
Customer’s Purchase Order Number
Ship To (Deliver To) Location Code Using EAN-13
Bill To (Invoice To) Location Code Using EAN-13
Purchase From (Location Code of Party from Whom Goods are
Purchased)
EAN Location Code for Physical Identification
Ship To (Deliver To) Postal Code Within a Single Postal
Authority
Ship To (Deliver To) Postal Code With 3-Digit ISO Country
Code Prefix
Roll products - Width, Length, Core Diameter, Direction and
Splices
Electronic Serial Number for Cellular Mobile Telephones
UPC/EAN Number and Serial Number of Returnable Asset
Coupon Extended Code - Number System Character and Offer
Coupon Extended Code - Number System Character, Offer, and
End of Offer
Coupon Extended Code - Number System Character preceded
by zero
Mutually Agreed, Between Trading Partners or FACT DIs
Intra-Company (Internal)
Format
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n3+an..30
n3+n13
n3+n13
n3+n13
n3+n13
n3+an..9
n3+n3+an..9
n4+n14
n4+an..20
n4+n14+an..16
n4+n1+n5
n4+n1+n5+n4
n4+n1+n1
n2+an..30
n2+an..30
412 Operators Manual
Chapter 8
AI
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
Bar Codes
Content
Intra-Company (Internal)
Intra-Company (Internal)
Intra-Company (Internal)
Internal-Carriers
Internal-Carriers
Intra-Company (Internal)
Intra-Company (Internal)
Internal
Format
n2+an..30
n2+an..30
n2+an..30
n2+an..30
n2+an..30
n2+an..30
n2+an..30
n2+an..30
UCC/EAN Application Identifiers
Table 12
(*) : To indicate only year and month, DD must be filled with “00”
(**) : Plus one digit for length indication
(***) : Plus one digit for decimal point indication
Each subfield's format is expressed as the format of the Application Identifier number + the
format of the associated data. Each subfield must adhere to the format specified or else the
printer will be unable to locate following subfields, causing errors in printing.
Any variable length subfield (unless it is the last subfield in a field) must be terminated by the
characters "#6" (without quotes). These characters are translated to the Code 128 "FNC1"
character, which is specified by UCC/EAN-128 as the variable-length field terminator. The "#6"
is not printed.
When printing a UCC/EAN-128 text field, the printer automatically surrounds each application
identifier number with parentheses, and follows the right parenthesis with a space character.
Do not use parentheses or spaces when specifying an application identifier string.
Several application identifiers (00, 01, 22, 8003) specify fields that will have a check digit as
part of their data. A character must be included in the check digit place (although it need not
be the correct check digit.) This character is used only as a placeholder and will not be printed.
The printer will calculate the correct check digit and replace the character already there.
^A3^D97^D57
6,832,600,,,30
1,50,100,80,40,,0,,2,100
1,50,300,80,50,,0,,2,100
1,50,500,80,51,5,0
2,50,60,30,1,3
3,50,260,30,1,3
4,50,460,30,1,3
^D56^D2
011234567890123-420abcde#63101123456
code128
EAN128
EAN128 Human Readable
^D3
412 Operators Manual
75
Bar Codes
8.2
Chapter 8
DESIGNING WITH BAR CODES
When 0 and 180 degree bar codes are X multiplied (CMX), the space between characters is
also multiplied to maintain the correct ratios. The printer will do this internally. Therefore, when
multiplying bar codes, use the default value for the spacing element (SP) in the field
parameters. On some bar codes (CODE 39 ...) you may choose a larger spacing than the
printer default, but you may not use a smaller spacing.
If the Y multiplier (CMY) is not multiplied, a bar code with a vertical length of one dot is
produced. Of course, this will not be picked up by scanners. Multiply the Y co-ordinate to the
proper height. For example: Multiply the Y
co-ordinate (CMY) by 203 to create a one
inch tall bar code.
If the bar code is in a ladder (or vertical)
orientation (90 and 270 degrees), multiply
CMY for width, and CMX for bar code
length. It may be necessary to slightly
adjust the contrast window and/or adjust
the print speed due to the "bleeding"
effect caused by heat build up in the print
head.
Program sample: Bar codes in four
rotations (See Figure 12)
^D57
9,814,609
1,410,30,11,1,4,,4
2,410,100,11,1,2,,4
2,410,137,3,16,2,,4,3,40
3,680,300,11,1,2,3,4
3,640,300,3,16,2,3,4,40,3
4,410,500,11,1,2,1,4
4,410,465,3,16,2,1,4,3,40
5,140,300,11,1,2,2,4
5,180,300,3,16,2,2,4,40,3
^D56^D2
ROTATIONS
000 DEGREES
090 DEGREES
180 DEGREES
270 DEGREES
^D3
Bar Code Rotations
Figure 12
8.2.1 BAR CODE HUMAN READABLES
Text conversion identifiers (TCI position in field description) 32 and 33 refer to the human
readable portion of UPC-A bar codes. They are designed to be used in conjunction with UPCA bar codes, They only create the text equivalent of the UPC-A bar code and optionally add
the extended portions of the bar code lines. This lower portion must them be lined up with the
upper to create a correct UPC-A bar code. (See Figure 13)
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412 Operators Manual
Chapter 8
Bar Codes
<---------------- UPC-A BAR CODE
<---------------- Human Readable
UPC-A Bar Code
Figure 13
Text conversion identifiers 28 and 29 are MSI human readables that do not border themselves
with bar lines like 32 and 33. Their purpose is only to add the calculated check digit(s) to text
lines. To design with these TCI's, select a text character generator number and multiply as with
any other text field. Place this field underneath the MSI bar code. TCI 3 works in this same way
but for UPC-A bar codes. All other bar code human readables only require a text TCI of 1, a
user selectable text character generator, and text positioning under the desired bar code. This
field must refer to the bar code number.
^D57
16,814,609
1,100,20,17,1,1
3,60,37,11,32,,,,2,2
3,82,55,11,12,,,,2,60
2,375,20,19,1,1
3,350,37,11,33,,,,2,2
3,372,55,11,12,,,,2,60
4,80,150,19,1,1
4,65,167,12,20,,,,2,60,,8
5,408,150,14,1,1
5,395,167,7,21,,,,2,60,,7
6,110,270,5,1,1
6,120,287,12,13,,,,2,60,,8
9,180,270,8,3,1
7,400,270,5,1,1
7,470,287,12,13,,,,2,60,,8
8,460,270,8,3,1
^D56^D2
UPC-A HR W/CHKSUM
UPC-A HR W/O CHKSUM
01234567890
EAN13 012345678901
EAN8 0123456
UPC-E 00123400005
UPC-E 10123400005
^D3
412 Operators Manual
Bar Code Human Readables
Figure 14
77
Bar Codes
78
Chapter 8
412 Operators Manual
CHAPTER 9: SPECIAL EFFECTS
9.1
REVERSED PRINT (WHITE TEXT OVER BLACK)
The 412 has the ability to print white text on a user definable black background. Reversed text
can be produced by manually placing a black box on top of an existing image by using the line
command and setting the line and text field ANs (attribute numbers) to a value of 1. It should
be noted that the above method produces a fixed background that will not automatically adjust
to the amount of text printed on top.
Reverse video sample:
^D57
2,812,609
1,200,425,13,1,6,,,,,,,,,,,1
1,170,410,,6,,,,450,90,,,,,,,1
^D56
^D2
REVERSE VIDEO
^D3
REVERSE VIDEO
Reverse Video Sample
Figure 15
412 Operators Manual
79
Special Effects
80
Chapter 9
412 Operators Manual
CHAPTER 10: OPTIONS
The 412 printer has many options available to enhance the performance of the printer. Contact
your sales representative for more information on these features.
10.1 MICROCOM GRAPHICS CONVERSION UTILITIES
PCX2MIC.EXE and BMP2MIC.EXE
This PC software program converts PCX or BMP to the 412 format. These converted
images can be stored in the 412 printer. See chapter 4 and 6 for more information
about printing graphic images.
10.2 MICROCOM DOWNLOADABLE FONT UTILITY
JET2412.EXE and TTF2MIC.EXE
These 16-bit PC software programs convert LaserJet II™ or TrueType™ compatible
fonts to the Microcom format. Converted fonts may be stored in user RAM for future
use. See chapter 9 for more information on downloadable fonts. Please note that the
battery backup option is necessary to permanently store downloaded fonts.
10.3 WYSIWYG SOFTWARE PACKAGES
WYSIWYG Software packages offer a WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get)
label design software package.
10.4 CLEANING KIT
An approved cleaning kit is offered for the 412 printer. It is suggested the printer be
cleaned once every two weeks, every 5,000 labels, or whenever label stock is replaced.
10.5 WINDOWS DRIVER
Printer drivers are available for Windows 95, 98 and NT. Please contact Microcom
Corporation for more information.
412 Operators Manual
81
APPENDIX A: WARRANTY AND REPAIR PROCEDURES
LIMITED WARRANTY
Microcom Corporation printers, excluding thermal print heads which are warranted separately
below, are warranted against defects in material and workmanship for twelve (12) months from
the date of original shipment by Microcom Corporation. This warranty does not cover normal
wear and tear and shall be null and void if the printer is modified, improperly installed or used,
damaged by accident or neglect, or in the event any parts are improperly installed or replaced
by the user.
The thermal print head is covered by a limited warranty of three (3) months or 500,00 linear
inches to be free from defects in material and workmanship. The length of media run through
the printer may be verified using the printer’s internal statistical counter. Although the user is
not required to purchase Microcom Corporation brand supplies, to the extent it is determined
that the use of other supplies (such as non-approved label stock, ribbons, and cleaning
solutions) shall have caused any defects in the thermal print head for which the warranty claim
has been made, the user shall be responsible for Microcom Corporation’s customary charges
for labor and materials to repair such defects.
MICROCOM CORPORATION’S SOLE OBLIGATION UNDER THIS WARRANTY SHALL BE
TO FURNISH PARTS AND LABOR FOR THE REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT OF PRODUCTS
FOUND TO BE DEFECTIVE IN MATERIAL OR WORKMANSHIP DURING THE WARRANTY
PERIOD.
Except for the express warranties stated, Microcom Corporation disclaims all warranties on
products, including all implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular
purpose. The stated warranties and remedies are in lieu of all other warranties, obligations or
liabilities on the part of Microcom Corporation for any damages, including, but not limited to,
special, indirect, or consequential damages arising out of or in conjunction with the sale, use,
or performance of the products.
MICROCOM CORPORATION SHALL NOT, UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES WHATSOEVER,
BE LIABLE TO BUYER OR ANY OTHER PARTY FOR LOST PROFITS, DIMINUTION OF
GOODWILL OR ANY OTHER SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES WHATSOEVER
WITH RESPECT TO ANY CLAIM HEREUNDER. IN ADDITION, MICROCOM
CORPORATION’S LIABILITY FOR WARRANTY CLAIMS SHALL NOT, IN ANY EVENT,
EXCEED THE INVOICE PRICE OF THE PRODUCT CLAIMED TO BE DEFECTIVE, NOR
SHALL MICROCOM CORPORATION BE LIABLE FOR DELAYS IN REPLACEMENT OR
REPAIR OF PRODUCTS.
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412 Operators Manual
Appendix A
Warranty and Repair Procedures
RETURN MATERIAL AUTHORIZATION (RMA) PROCEDURE
A Return Material Authorization (RMA) number must be obtained prior to the return of printers
and/or materials the Microcom Corporation Service Department. The purpose of the RMA
number is to provide effective tracking and control of returned printers and/or materials.
Microcom Corporation will not be responsible or accountable for printers and/or
materials returned without proper authorization.
Shipping Charges:
The return of printers and/or materials returned to Microcom Corporation for repair should be
returned freight and insurance prepaid. Microcom Corporation will pay the return shipping
charges (standard ground service) on all warranty repairs, expedited services will be paid at
customer expense. The return of non-warranty repair printers and/or materials will be shipped
by a shipping carrier and service determined by the customer.
Receiving a Return Material Authorization (RMA) Number:
1. To receive an RMA number, either complete the online RMA request form located on the
world wide web (http://www.microcomcorp.com) or contact the Microcom Corporation Service
Department and provide the representative with the following information.
- Company Name
- Contact name and phone number.
- Model number
- Serial number
- A detailed description of the problem
- Service Selection (1 Day, 3 Day ,5 Day or Standard turnaround)
- Purchase Order number
2. The shipping label should contain the following information:
Microcom Corporation
Attn: Service Dept. RMA# <place number here >
8220 Green Meadows Dr. N.
Lewis Center, OH 43035 USA
3. Return the defective item(s) for repair to the above listed address, freight and insurance
prepaid.
4. Upon receipt of an RMA number, the customer contact will be notified by a Microcom
Corporation representative regarding repair charges, at which time the ship method will be
determined. Items returned for repair with inadequate packaging material will be
returned to the customer in Microcom Corporation approved packaging at the customers
expense.
412 Operators Manual
83
APPENDIX B: LABEL SAMPLES
84
412 Operators Manual
APPENDIX C: SAMPLE BASIC PROGRAM
This Basic program produces labels for computer diskettes. It is intended to show the simplicity
that higher languages communicate with the 412 printer. Communication parameters may
need to be changed for some computers.
10 OPEN "COM1:9600,N,8,1,RS" AS #1
15 CLS
20 PRINT: PRINT: PRINT
30 INPUT"Disk Title: ",DT$
32 DT$ = LEFT$(DT$,30)
:REM Limit title to 30 characters
35 DT = LEN(DT$)
40 INPUT"Date: ",D$
45 D = LEN(D$)
47 INPUT"format: ",F$
48 F = LEN(F$)
50 INPUT"Disk Number: ",DN$
60 INPUT"Total Disks In Series: ",TD$
61 ND$ = DN$+" OF "TD$
62 ND = LEN(D$)
63 INPUT"Comment #1: ",C1$
64 C1$ = LEFT$(C1$,50)
:REM Limit comment to 50 characters
68 C1 = LEN(C1$)
66 INPUT"Comment #2: ",C2$
67 C2$ = LEFT$(C2$,50)
:REM Limit comment to 50 characters
68 C2 = LEN(C2$)
84 PRINT#1,"^A3^D97"
: REM Tag mode #3
85 PRINT#1,"^D57"
: REM format following
90 PRINT#1,"6"
: REM label header
95 PRINT#1,"1,150,5,";D;",1,6"
: REM fields
100 PRINT#1,"2,530,5,";ND;",1,6"
110 PRINT#1,"3,320,110,";DT;,1,13,,4"
115 PRINT#1,"4,50,5,";F;",1,6"
116 PRINT#1,"5,80,75,";C1;",1,10"
117 PRINT#1,"6,80,50,";C2;",1,10"
120 PRINT#1,"^D56^D2"
: REM select layout and
130 PRINT#1,D$
: REM send text data
140 PRINT#1,ND$
150 PRINT#1,DT$
155 PRINT#1,F$
156 PRINT#1,C1$
157 PRINT#1,C2$
160 PRINT#1,"^D3"
: REM print label
170 PRINT: PRINT: PRINT: INPUT"Another (Y/N)? ",YN$
180 IF (YN$ = "Y") OR (YN$ = "y") THEN 15
190 CLOSE
412 Operators Manual
85
APPENDIX D: QUICK REFERENCE COMMAND SUMMARY
The following is a list of HEADER element mnemonics and the default values:
HFM,LSX,LSY,WEB,GAP,DPS,LCB,AGD,SPG,OFX,OFY,,,FMT
0,832,443, 10, 10, 48, 0, 1,478, 0, 0,,, 0
The following is a list of FONT, BAR CODE, AND GRAPHIC IMAGE field mnemonics:
TSN,XB,YB,CC,TCI,CGN,FO,FJ,CMX,CMY,CS,TSP,,,AN
The following is a list of SQUARE LINE field mnemonics and the default values:
1,XB,YB,,6,,,,XS,YS,,,,,AN
1, 1, 1,,6,,,, 1, 1,,,,, 0
86
412 Operators Manual
Appendix D
Quick Reference Command Summary
The following is a combined list of all TCI (Text Conversion Identifier) numbers:
1
2
3
6
8
12
13
14
15
16
17
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
28
29
32
33
36
37
38
40
42
43
44
46
50
51
Text (standard)
Text Surrounded by Asterisks
Text with UPC-A/UPC-E Checksum Digit Added
Square Line/Box
Downloadable Fonts and Graphics
UPC-A Bar Code
UPC-E Bar Code (SEND 11 DIGITS)
UPC-E Bar Code (SEND 7 DIGITS)
Interleaved 2 of 5 Bar Code
Code 3 of 9 Bar Code
Text with UPC-E Checksum and Extended Bars Added
EAN-13 Bar Code
EAN-8 Bar Code
Text with EAN-13 Checksum and Extended Bars Added
Text with EAN-8 Checksum and Extended Bars Added
MSI 1 (Plessey)
MSI 2 (Plessey)
MSI 3 (Plessey)
Text with MSI Checksum Added - Type 1
Text with MSI Checksum Added - Type 2
Text with UPC-A Checksum and Extended Bars Added
Text with UPC-A With Extended Bars Added
Postnet (Zip+4)
Postnet (Zip+6)
MaxiCode Bar Code
Code 128 Bar Code (Automatic Compression)
Codabar Bar Code
Code 93 Bar Code
AS-10 Bar Code
PDF417 Bar Code
EAN-128 Bar Code
Text with EAN-128 Information
412 Operators Manual
87
Quick Reference Command Summary
^A
Appendix D
^D
2
Command
Text string entry mode: Precedes the text strings that are supplied to the
various fields in the label (Equivalent to ^B).
3
Print Command: Prints a single label or starts the printing of a batch of labels.
(Equivalent to ^C)
5
Send Printer Status: (Equivalent to ^E)
11
Print a Test Label: (Equivalent to ^K)
12
Print a Blank Label: (Equivalent to ^L)
20
Bits per Second: This command changes the serial port communications
speed. Speeds over 38400 bps will cause the printer to utilize flow control
during the print routine.
110 bps
150 bps
300 bps
600 bps
1200 bps
2400 bps
4800 bps
9600 bps
19200 bps
38400 bps
57600 bps
115200 bps
21
Change SW1: Software dip switch #1. A Non-Volatile command. Below is the
^AB sequence:
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12345678
^ABxxxxxxxx
*******.Q 1=XON/XOFF Enable, 0=Disable
******.)Q 1=8 Data Bits, 0=7 Data Bits
*****.))Q 1=Echo Enable, 0=Disable
****.)))Q 1=No Parity, 0=Enable Parity
***.))))Q 1=Odd Parity, 0=Even Parity
**.)))))Q 1=Ignore Control Codes, 0=Accept
*.)))))))))),
.)))))))))),* Enquiry Response
00 = Control Codes
10 = Text Equivalent
11 = ^ Equivalent
88
412 Operators Manual
Appendix D
^A
^D
22
Quick Reference Command Summary
COMMAND
Change SW2: Software dip switch #2. Below is the ^AB sequence:
12345678
^ABxxxxxxxx
*******.)))),
******.)))),*
*****.)))),**
*****
Power-up Label Format
*****
000=RESERVED
*****
001=ROM or Saved Format File 1
*****
010=ROM or Saved Format File 2
*****
011=ROM or Saved Format File 3
*****
100=ROM or Saved Format File 4
*****
101=ROM or Saved Format File 5
*****
110=ROM or Saved Format File 6
*****
111=ROM or Saved Format File 7
****.))))Q 1=Use Saved Format File, 0=Rom Format
***.)))))Q 1=Print Button Enable, 0=Disable
**.))))))Q 1=Disable Button Use, 0=Enable
*.)))))))Q 1=>RESTARTED< Response Enable, 0=Disable
.))))))))Q 1=Clear Text Enable, 0=Disable
23
Change SW3: Software dip switch #3. Below is the ^AB sequence:
12345678
^ABxxxxxxxx
*******.
******.Q
*****.)Q
****.))Q
***.)))Q
**.))))Q
**
*.)))))Q
.))))))Q
412 Operators Manual
Detect Black Line On Power-up
1=Enable Binary Compression, 0=Disable
Always 0
1=Enable “Head-up” switch, 0=Disable
Always 0
1=Send Response After Print (COM1)
0=No Response After Print
1=Invert >INPUT 1< Polarity, 0=Normal
1=Disable Extended ASCII, 0=Enable
89
Quick Reference Command Summary
^A
^D
24
Appendix D
COMMAND
Change SW4: Change software dip switch #4. Below is the ^AB sequence.
12345678
^ABxxxxxxxx
*******.)))))),
******.)))))),*
*****.)))))),**
****.)))))),***
****
0000 = Not decoded (default)
****
0001 = Danish
****
0010 = 860
****
0011 = Spanish
****
0100 = 850
****
0101 = German
****
0110 = 865
****
0111 = Swiss
****
1000 = 852
****
1001 = French
****
1010 = 863
****
1011 = Swedish
****
1100 = 437
****
1101 = Italian
****
1110 = British
****
1111 = US English
****
***.)))))Q 1=Auto-size on Power-up, 0=Disable
**.))))))Q 1=Blow-hole Sensing Enable, 0=Disable
*.)))))))Q 1=External Print Request Enable,
0=Disable
.))))))))Q 1=Enable Slashed Zeros, 0=Disable
29
Printer Statistics:
Print statistics to serial port
Print statistics on a label
Clear the printed labels variable in the statistics
Clear the printed inches variable in the statistics
30
Change Clock: Use the sequence below to set the time and date of the
optional real-time clock:
^D30 (return)
HH:MM:SS (return)
DD/MM/YY/W (return)
31
Show Clock: This command will send the date and time to the serial port.
32
Reset Machine: Restores printer to power-up settings. Also used to set the
non- volatile fields in memory. Section 5.3.
33
Display Model and Revision Number.
0
1
2
3
90
412 Operators Manual
Appendix D
X
35
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
XX
Quick Reference Command Summary
Contrast Window Adjust: This is the temporary contrast adjustment. The ^AX
is between 60 and 140%
60% of Base
70% of Base
80% of Base
90% of Base
100% of Base
110% of Base
120% of Base
130% of Base
140% of Base
36
Adjust Contrast Base: Non-Volatile command. The ^AXX is between 10 and
200%. Section 5.3.
39
Auto-Size Label: Section 5.3.3.
Clears the use of auto-size values set by ^A1^D39.
Uses the values obtained for the variables instead of what the user supplies in
the header of the format file.
Automatically sizes the label and displays on the screen the values for the size
variables.
Same as ^A2^D39, but prints the values on a label, instead of on the screen.
Diagnostic Mode
40
Clear Commands 41-51.
XX
41
Load number of fields in layout (HFM): Preceded by ^A.
XX
42
Load label width in dots (LXS): Preceded by ^A.
XX
43
Load label height in dots (LSY): Preceded by ^A.
XX
44
Load web size in dots (WEB): Preceded by ^A.
XX
45
Load gap size in dots (GAP): Preceded by ^A.
XX
46
Load print speed (DPS): Preceded by ^A.
XX
47
Load label control byte (LCB): Preceded by ^A.
XX
48
Load number of steps to activate gap detector (AGD): Preceded by ^A.
XX
49
Load number of steps past gap (SPG): Preceded by ^A.
XX
50
Load X direction offset (OFX): Preceded by ^A.
XX
51
Load Y direction offset (OFY): Preceded by ^A.
0
1
2
3
5
412 Operators Manual
91
Quick Reference Command Summary
Appendix D
XX
54
Send Saved Format File to Serial Port: ^A selection which one (1-128).
Section 5.3.6.
XX
55
Select Default Label Layout: Select from the ROM power-up layouts. ^AXX
ranges from 1 to 8.
56
Select User Defined Layout: Signals the end of the label field definition.
57
Enter Label Format Mode: This tells the printer that information for a label is
following.
XX
58
Process Saved Format: ^A selects which one (1-128). Section 5.3.6.
XX
59
Save Format File: ^A selects which one (1-128). Section 5.3.6.
60
Clears command 61
61
Mark Text Starting Position: ^A designates which text field to start entering
new data. Section 5.3.8.
62
Pre-padded Text: This command is sent after text that is to appear at the
beginning of each field is sent.
63
Text Mode Control: Section 5.3.8.
Disable 1 & 2.
Enable auto-print mode
Clear all previous text upon receiving new data.
Enable 1 & 2.
XX
64
Auto Print String Count: ^A tells the printer how many text strings to accept
before printing. Section 5.3.
XX
66
Clear Single Stored Label Format: ^A select which slot to clear (1-128).
70
Clear commands 73-76.
71
Load Maxicode Bar Code Data:
XX
73
Load copies count: Tells the printer to print a group of labels. Will not
increment serial numbers (use ^D75).
1
74
Infinity Print: Prints a batch of labels like ^D75 but will continue to print until the
machine is turned off.
XX
75
Load Label Count: Tells the printer to print a batch of labels using the serial
number function if enabled.
XX
76
Load Delay Time Between Labels: Preceded by ^A which contains the wait in
1/10ths of a second. Maximum value is 650.
77
Load PDF-417 Bar Code Data:
XX
0
1
2
3
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Appendix D
Quick Reference Command Summary
80
Clears Commands 86, 88, 89.
81
Disable Serial Number Function: Will disable either single or multiple serial
number commands.
XX
84
Load Text String Number to increment/decrement: Tells the printer which text
string number to increment or decrement. For single serial numbers. Section
5.3.8.
XX
85
Load increment/decrement step value: This is the value that the single serial
number is incremented or decremented.
86
Single Serial Number Status:
Disable increment and decrement.
Enable increment. The serial number will be decreased by the value from ^D85.
Enable decrement. The serial number will be decreased by the value from ^D85.
XX
87
Load Field Number to Clear Increment/Decrement
status: Clear the status of one or more serial numbers with this command.
XX
88
Load Field Number to Increment by 1: For multiple serial numbers.
XX
89
Load Field Number to Decrement by 1: For multiple serial numbers.
XX
91
Gap Detection Sensitivity: The proper value may be obtained using the autosize (^D39) command. The ^A value sets the point (0-255) at which the printer
detects a gap or black mark. This command is non-volatile and will default to 30
when using the transmissive sensor and 120 when using the reflective sensor.
Although this default value should work properly with most media, it is a good
idea to place this command at the beginning of all format files in order to
guarantee that it has not been changed by another user or application. If this
value is not correct, the printer may not detect the end of the label and may feed
extra media or stop too soon.
XX
92
Load Value for Slices to Process: This command adjusts the number of slices
generated before the drive motor starts moving. The default is 256 and the valid
range is 1 to 366.
93
Load Control Code Recognition Status:
Enable control code recognition.
Disable control code recognition.
XX
95
Load User Defined Steps for Label to Advance:
XX
96
Load Advance Delay: ^A specifies how many milliseconds to delay
repositioning of the label in tag/tear and peel-and-dispense modes.
97
Tag/Tear Operation:
Turns off tag/tear operation.
Advance after every label.
Advance after copies count.
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
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93
Quick Reference Command Summary
3
Appendix D
Advance when idle.
98
Peel-and-Dispense Mode:
Turn off peel-and-dispense mode.
Turn on peel-and dispense mode.
(Custom Applicator Mode - peel and dispense with no delay.)
99
Cutter Control: This command will enable or disable full and/or partial cuts.
Command 102 and 103 can be used to set the cut intervals. The Full Cut
Interval (^D102) and the Partial Cut Interval (^D103) may be used at the same
time but where a full and partial cut coincide, only the full cut will be preformed.
(Partial cuts are only available if the full/partial cutter was installed. If this
command is set to a value of 2, the printer will pause after the partial cut and
wait for the user to take the label.)
0
1
2
0
1
2
3
Disable cutter.
Enable Full Cut
Enable Partial Cut
Enable Full and Partial Cut
100
Clear User RAM: This command will clear all downloaded fonts, graphics, and
stored label formats. See Section 5.3.8.
101
Send User RAM Available: The printer will send the number of free bytes to the
serial port (ie. >192480<).
XX
102
Full Cut Interval: This command tells the printer when to full cut. The default
value is 1. If it is set to a value of 0 the printer will full cut whenever the copies
count is reached (default copies count is 1). If this command is set higher than 0
(max 65536), the printer will full cut when that quantity is reached. This
command will only function if the Cutter Control command (^D99) is set to allow
full cuts. (Please note that a full cut will override a partial cut. The following
examples assume that the ^D99 command is set to a value of 3. Example #1: If
the Full Cut Interval is set to a value of 5 and the Partial Cut Interval is also set
to a value of 5, the printer will full cut. Example #2: If The Full Cut Interval is set
to a value of 5 and the Partial Cut Interval is set to a value of 1, the printer will
partial cut after labels 1 through 4 and full cut after label 5.)
XX
103
Partial Cut Interval: This command tells the printer when partial cut. The
default value is 1. If it is set to a value of 0, the printer will partial cut whenever
the copies count is reached (default copies count is 1). If this command is set
higher than 0 (max 65536), the printer will partial cut when that quantity is
reached. This command will only function if the Cutter Control command (^D99)
is set to allow partial cuts. (Please note that a full cut will override a partial cut.
The following examples assume that the ^D99 command is set to a value of 3.
Example #1: If the Full Cut Interval is set to a value of 5 and the Partial Cut
Interval is also set to a value of 5, the printer will full cut after label 5. Example
#2: If The Full Cut Interval is set to a value of 5 and the Partial Cut Interval is set
to a value of 1, the printer will partial cut after labels 1 through 4 and full cut
after label 5.)
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Appendix D
XX
Quick Reference Command Summary
104
Load Graphic Image or Font into User Memory without Compression: Send
graphic image or font using encoded 7bit ASCII hex. ^A select which slot to
place the graphic image or font in (1-255). This command support graphics over
64KB and fonts 64 KB or less. Fonts cannot exceed 64KB in size.
105
Clear Fonts and Graphics:
Clear all fonts and graphics.
Clear individual fonts and graphics. The value will determine which slot is
cleared.
106
Load Font: This method does not support compression. Fonts must be less
than 64KB. This method is included for legacy support only. Microcom
Corporation recommends either the ^D104 or ^D107 methods.
XX
107
Load Graphic Image into User Memory using Binary Compression: ^A select
which slot to place the image/font in (1-255). This command support graphics
over 64KB. It can only be used on 8 bit data connections. Because this
command greatly reduces download time, use this command whenever
possible. (Communications interface must pass 8 bit data. Parallel ports and
serial ports set to 8 data bits, no parity are examples of 8 bit data connections.)
XX
108
Sleep Mode: If the ^A value is 0, all printers in multidrop mode will go to sleep.
Otherwise, the ^A value represents a printers address. Only the printer with this
address will go to sleep. (Printers power up in sleep mode.)
XX
109
Wake Mode: If the ^A value is 0, all printers in multidrop mode will wake up.
Otherwise, the ^A value represents a printers address. Only the printer with this
address will wake up. (Printers power up in sleep mode.)
0
1-255
412 Operators Manual
95
APPENDIX E: HARDWARE DIP SWITCHES (on rear panel)
Hard Switch 1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
x x x x x x x x x x x x
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
0
0
0
0
1
/
1 1 1
96
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
0
0
1
1
0
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
0
1
0
1
0
* * * * *
*
*
* * * * *
*
*
Connection Type
* * * * *
1 0 = RS485
* * * * *
0 1 = RS232
* * * * *
1 1 = Not Allowed
* * * * *
0 0 = Not Allowed
* * * * *
* * * * .)) RS485 Terminator
* * * .)))) RS485 Terminator
* * .)))))) RS485 Terminator
* .)))))))) RS485 Terminator
*
.)))))))))) Not Used
=
=
=
=
=
Multidrop Address
Disable Multidrop
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Address 4
1 1 = Address 31
412 Operators Manual
Index
^A 35, 38-49, 51-53, 55, 57, 59, 62, 63, 65, 88-93, 95
^B 35, 88
^C 35, 88
^D 35, 37-49, 51, 52, 59, 65, 88-90
^E 18, 35, 36, 88
^H 36
^K 36, 42, 88
^L 36, 42, 88
^M 36
^Q 36
^S 36
Accumulator 35
Bar Code 1, 17, 19, 26, 27, 29, 34, 53, 67, 68, 70-72, 76, 77, 86, 87, 92
human readables 76
symbologies 67
Binary Compression 35, 36, 40, 59, 65, 89, 95
Cable Pinout 13
Character Count 26, 31, 34
Character Generators 18
Character Multiplier X Direction 31
Character Multiplier Y Direction 31
Character Spacing 1, 29, 31, 64, 67, 68
Cleaning Instructions 12
Cleaning Kit 5, 12, 81
Clear Text 39, 54, 89
Clock 5, 26, 31, 45, 46, 90
Contrast 3, 42, 76, 91
Control Codes 18, 35, 38, 72, 88
how to use 35
Default Label 92
Dip Switches
how to display 7
how to set 37
Electrical 4, 36
Emulation 17, 18
Enquiries 36, 39
Environment 4
Escape 17, 49, 50
Field Justification 30
Field Orientation 30
Field Parameters 26, 34, 45, 76
Fixed Text 49
Flow Control 4, 16, 38, 88
Fonts 1, 3, 17, 27, 28, 49, 55-57, 59, 61-63, 65, 81, 87, 94, 95
Form Feed 36, 42
Graphic Images 1, 17, 55, 57-59, 61, 63, 81
Human Readables 76, 77
Justification 30
Label Control Byte 23, 91
412 Operators Manual
97
Index
Label Fields 26
Label Header 18, 21, 22, 25, 43, 44, 85
Label Samples 84
Label Size X Direction 22
Label Size Y Direction 22
Multidrop 14-16, 95, 96
Offset 24, 57, 58, 64, 91
Parallel 4, 13, 14, 18, 55, 61, 95
Physical 4, 74
Power-Up 7, 9, 37, 39-41, 43, 53, 89, 90, 92
Print Count 42
Print Head 1, 9-12, 21, 32, 34, 36, 42, 52, 76, 82
Print Width 3
Printing Commands 42
Repair 82, 83
Reset 7, 36, 39, 44, 90
Resolution 1, 3
Reversed Print 79
Revision Number 7, 90
Serial Number 7, 42, 47, 48, 73, 74, 83, 92, 93
Serial Port 13, 14, 38, 40, 46, 49, 50, 55, 61, 88, 90, 91, 94
Speed 1, 3, 17, 18, 22, 23, 25, 42, 76, 88, 91
Status Label 7, 8
Text Conversion Identifier 27, 87
Text Starting Position 31, 52, 92
Text String Number 26, 32, 47, 52, 93
Text Strings Commands 52
Variable Text 39, 49
VDD 36
Warranty 82, 83
XOFF 4, 13, 36, 38, 88
XON 4, 13, 36, 38, 88
Y Beginning Coordinate 26, 32
Y Direction Offset 24, 91
98
412 Operators Manual
Notes
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412 Operators Manual
99
Index
100
412 Operators Manual