KVM Switch
AP5201
AP5202
Installation and
Quick Start
Contents
Product Description and Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Hardware requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Additional documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Front panel (AP5202 shown) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Rear panel (AP5202 shown) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
How to Mount the KVM Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
How to Install a Single KVM Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Pre-installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Single-station installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
How to Install Multiple KVM Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Pre-installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Serial connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
How to Apply Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Hot Key mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Selecting the active port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Hot Key summary table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
On Screen Display (OSD) operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
OSD Navigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
OSD functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
KVM Switch — Installation and Quick Start
i
Product Description and Inventory
Overview
The KVM Switch can connect up to 32 switches to provide direct control of 16 computers or control
of up to 512 computers through serial connections, using only one keyboard, monitor, and mouse.
Inventory
Quantity
Item
1
KVM Switch
AP5201 (8 port)
AP5202 (16 port)
1
Configuration cable
1
L5-15 to IEC power cable
2
Brackets for a 19-inch enclosure
1
Installation Manual
1
KVM Switch Utility CD
1
Warranty card
Hardware requirements
Console. To use the KVM Switch you will need the following equipment:
• VGA, SVGA, or Multisync monitor capable of the highest resolution that you plan to use on
any computer in the installation
• PS/2-style mouse
• PS/2-style keyboard
Computer. To use and access the KVM Switch, your computer requires the following:
• VGA, SVGA or Multisync card
• 6-pin mini-DIN (PS/2 style) mouse port†
• Keyboard port‡:
– 6-pin mini-DIN (PS/2 style) keyboard port with +5VDC on pin 4 and ground on pin 3, or
– 5-pin DIN (AT style) keyboard port with +5VDC on pin 5 and ground on pin 4
† The
‡
KVM Switch does not support serial mice. You cannot use serial-to-PS/2 adapters with the cables.
If your computer uses an AT-style keyboard socket, purchase a PS/2-to-AT keyboard adapter to plug the cable
into the keyboard port on the computer.
KVM Switch — Installation and Quick Start
1
Product Description and Inventory
Cable. To use the KVM Switch, you need to connect the proper cables to the switch. The following
cables are available for purchase from APC:
APC Part
Number
Cable type
940-0247
PS/2 cable – 6 ft
940-0245
PS/2 cable – 12 ft
940-0246
PS/2 cable – 25 ft
940-0256
USB cable – 6 ft
940-0254
USB cable – 12 ft
940-0255
USB cable – 25 ft
940-0250
SUN (13W3) cable – 6 ft
940-0248
SUN (13W3) cable – 12 ft
940-0249
SUN (13W3) cable – 25 ft
940-0253
SUN (VGA) cable – 6 ft
940-0251
SUN (VGA) cable – 12 ft
940-0252
SUN (VGA) cable – 25 ft
940-0257
Cascade cable for serial connection
Incorrect installation can cause improper functioning of the device or damage to
hardware. Substandard cables can produce toxic fumes if a fire occurs.
Warning
Additional documentation
The KVM Switch User’s Guide is available on the supplied CD and on the APC Web site
(www.apc.com). The User’s Guide (.\doc\eng\usrguide.pdf) contains additional information about
the following topics related to the KVM Switch:
• On-Screen Display (OSD) and the menu-driven interface
• User accounts
• Hot-plugging
• Hot Key operation
2
KVM Switch — Installation and Quick Start
Product Description and Inventory
Front panel (AP5202 shown)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
F/W UPGRADE
LOC AL
NORMAL RECOVER
RESET
KVM Switch
DISABLE
REMOTE
POWER
STATION ID
REMOTE
REMOTE CONSOLE
UPGRADE
ON LIN E SELECTED
Item
Description
Port LEDs
Each Port LED provides status information about a corresponding computer
port. Each port has a left (Online) and right (Selected) LED pair. The
following list describes the LED light indicators:
• A GREEN Online LED indicates the corresponding attached computer port
is up and running.
• An ORANGE Selected LED indicates the corresponding attached
computer has the KVM focus. Under normal conditions, the LED is steady.
When accessing its port under Auto Scan Mode, the LED flashes.
• Each time the KVM Switch begins to provide power, it performs a self-test.
The Online and Selected LEDs blink once in succession during the selftest.
Reset switch
Press the recessed Reset switch with a thin object (the end of a paper clip or
ballpoint pen) to perform a system reset.
Disable Remote button
Switches between local and remote access to the console.
Remote console
To use a remote console, plug the serial cable into the RJ-45 connector. When
both a local and remote console are present, both can access the switch (not
simultaneously).
• Push the Disable Remote button to toggle between the remote and the local
console.
• When the remote console is in control, you can only view through the local
console. When the local console is in control, you can only view through
the remote console.
• The Local and Remote LEDs indicate which console is currently in use.
RJ-11 serial port
The firmware upgrade cable plugs into the RJ-11 connector and transfers
firmware upgrade data from the administrator's computer to the KVM
Switch.
Power LED
Indicates when the KVM Switch is receiving power.
Station ID LED
Displays the station number of the KVM Switch. The station number is a
two-digit number indicating the switch's position in the cascading sequence.
Firmware upgrade reset
switch
The reset switch is in NORMAL position during normal operation or while
performing a firmware upgrade. If the firmware upgrade operation does not
succeed, slide the reset switch to the RECOVER position, turn the KVM
Switch off, and then restart the KVM Switch. Slide the reset switch back to
the NORMAL position, turn off the KVM Switch, and then restart the KVM
Switch.
KVM Switch — Installation and Quick Start
3
Product Description and Inventory
Rear panel (AP5202 shown)
CONSOLE
POWER
CHAIN IN N/A FOR ST No.1
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
CHAIN OUT
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
100-240V--1A, 50/60Hz
Item
4
Description
Power inlet
3-pin, AC power inlet
Power switch
Rocker-style switch for turning the switch on or off
Mouse connector
Connects to a PS/2-style mouse
Chain In port
Serially connects one KVM Switch to another. (This port is not used for
the highest-level KVM Switch in a cascaded setup.)
Computer connections
Monitors connected computers
Chain Out port
Serially connects one KVM Switch to another
Keyboard connector
Connects to a PS/2-style keyboard
Monitor connector
Connects to a VGA, SVGA, or Multisync monitor capable of the highest
resolution that you plan to use on any computer in the installation
KVM Switch — Installation and Quick Start
How to Mount the KVM Switch
Mounting options
You can install the KVM Switch in the front or the rear of the rack or enclosure. To mount the KVM
Switch horizontally in a NetShelter® or any other standard EIA-310 rack or enclosure:
1. Attach the mounting brackets to the front or rear of the KVM Switch, using flat-head screws
(provided).
2. Insert caged nuts (provided with the rack) on the vertical mounting rails above a number at the
start of a U-space in your enclosure and below the same number at the lower end of the
U–space.
21
1U
20
19
3. Align the mounting holes on the brackets with the caged nuts you installed in step 2, and insert
four mounting screws (provided with the rack) to secure the brackets to the enclosure.
KVM Switch — Installation and Quick Start
5
How to Install a Single KVM Switch
Pre-installation
Turn off power to all devices that you plan to connect. To prevent damage to your equipment because
of static-electric discharge, ground all devices on the installation.
Consult your device manuals or contact the product’s customer support department
for safety and grounding instructions.
Warning
Single-station installation
In a single-station installation, no additional KVM Switches are serially connected to the first switch.
To install:
1. Plug your keyboard, mouse, and monitor into the correct ports on the rear of the KVM Switch.
CONSOLE
CHAIN IN
N/A FOR ST No.1
POWER
100-240V--1A, 50/60Hz
6
KVM Switch — Installation and Quick Start
CHAIN OUT
How to Install a Single KVM Switch
2. Use custom cable sets (see “Cable” on page 2) to connect any available computer port on the
rear of the KVM Switch to the Keyboard, Video, and Mouse ports of the computer you are
installing.
11
10
9
3
2
1
3. Plug the power cable into the port marked Power on the rear of the KVM Switch, and then plug
the power cable into an AC power source.
4. Apply power to the computers.
KVM Switch — Installation and Quick Start
7
How to Install Multiple KVM Switches
Pre-installation
Turn off power to all devices that you plan to connect. To prevent damage to your equipment because
of static-electric discharge, ground all devices on the installation.
Consult your device manuals or contact the product’s customer support department
for safety and grounding instructions.
Warning
Serial connection
To control additional computers, you can connect up to 31 KVM Switches from the first KVM
Switch. In a complete installation, you can control up to 512 computers from a single console.
1. Turn off power to all devices that you plan to connect.
2. Use a serial cable to connect the Chain Out port of the first KVM Switch to the Chain In port
of the second KVM Switch. (i.e., first station Chain Out to second station Chain In, second
station Chain Out to third station Chain In, etc.)
Do not use the Chain In port of the first station. The Chain In port is the highestlevel parent in the chain.
Note
CONSOLE
CHAIN IN
N/A FOR ST No.1
POWER
CHAIN OUT
100-240V--1A, 50/60Hz
CONSOLE
CHAIN IN
N/A FOR ST No.1
POWER
100-240V--1A, 50/60Hz
CHAIN OUT
CONSOLE
CHAIN IN
N/A FOR ST No.1
POWER
100-240V--1A, 50/60Hz
8
KVM Switch — Installation and Quick Start
CHAIN OUT
How to Install Multiple KVM Switches
3. Use custom cable sets (see “Cable” on page 2), to connect any available computer port on the
KVM Switch installation to the Keyboard, Video, and Mouse ports of the computers you are
installing.
11
10
9
3
2
1
4. See “How to Apply Power” on page 10 to complete the multi-switch installation.
KVM Switch — Installation and Quick Start
9
How to Apply Power
To apply power for a mutiple-switch system:
1. Plug in the power cable for the first KVM station. Wait for the switch to discover and display its
station ID on the Station ID LED. (The station ID for the first station is 01, the ID for the
second station is 02, the ID for the third station is 03, and so on.)
2. Plug in the power cables for each KVM Switch on the system in order of second station, third
station, and so on. In each case, wait for the station ID to be discovered and displayed on the
current KVM Switch before plugging in the next one.
3. After all the KVM Switches are running, apply power to the computers.
Powering off and restarting
Always follow this procedure after turning off the KVM Switch.
1. Remove power from all connected computers.
Unplug the power cord of any computer with the Keyboard Power On function
enabled; otherwise, the station continues to receive power from the computers.
Note
2. Wait 10 seconds, and then plug in the KVM Switch.
3. Apply power to the computers only after the KVM Switch is running.
If you shut down more then one station, apply power to the highest-numbered
station first, continuing down to the lowest-numbered station.
Note
10
KVM Switch — Installation and Quick Start
Operation
Select ports using one of the following two methods: entering Hot Key combinations from the
keyboard or using the On-Screen Display (OSD).
Hot Key mode
To activate or deactivate Hot Key mode, press NUM LOCK and the hyphen key at the same time.
Release the hyphen key within ½ second. Otherwise Hot Key activation stops and has
no effect.
Note
When Hot Key mode is active, the following changes occur:
• Caps Lock and Scroll Lock LEDs flash in succession. These stop flashing and revert to normal
status after you exit Hot Key mode.
• The screen displays the words Hot Keys and all subsequent keyed-in Hot Key information.
• Ordinary keyboard and mouse function have no effect. You may only input Hot Key-compliant
keystrokes and mouse clicks.
Press ESC to exit Hot Key mode.
See the User’s Guide on the provided KVM Switch Utility CD for additional
information about Hot Key functions.
See also
Selecting the active port
Each computer port is assigned a Port ID. Directly access any computer on the installation with a Hot
Key combination that specifies the Port ID of the connected computer’s port.
To select the active port:
1. Activate Hot Key mode by pressing NUM LOCK and the hyphen key at the same time.
2. Enter the Port ID.
Note
The Port ID displays on the Command Line as you type each number. For
example, enter 0305 to switch to Port 5 of the third KVM Switch on the chain.
Use BACKSPACE to erase an incorrectly typed number.
Press ENTER. The KVM Switch will focus on the designated computer and exit Hot Key mode.
KVM Switch — Installation and Quick Start
11
Operation
Hot Key summary table
The following table summarizes Hot Key operations on the KVM Switch:
Action
NUM LOCK +
hyphen
Description
Port ID
T + number
1–255
A
Switches access to the computer corresponding to the Port ID.
Sets the Auto Scan interval to a number of seconds from 1 to 255.
• Activates Auto Scan mode.
• To pause Auto Scan, press P or left-click the mouse.
• To resume Auto Scan, press any key or left-click the mouse.
Activates Skip mode and skips from the current port to the preceding
port.
Activates Skip mode and skips from the current port to the next port.
Activates Skip mode and skips from the current port to the last port
of the previous KVM station.
Activates Skip mode and skips from the current port to the first port
of the next KVM station.
B
Toggles the beeper on or off.
On Screen Display (OSD) operation
To activate the OSD main menu:
1. Press the pre-assigned hotkey, SCROLL LOCK, twice to access the login window.
Optionally, you can assign the control key as the main menu hotkey. See the User’s
Guide on the provided KVM Switch Utility CD for additional information.
See also
2. Do either of the following:
– Enter a valid password in the password field, and press ENTER.
– For a first-time OSD activation, or if the password has not been set, leave the password field
blank, and press ENTER.
The OSD main menu appears in Administrator mode. Administrator mode provides access to both
Administrator and User functions and lets you set up operations (including future password
authorization).
12
KVM Switch — Installation and Quick Start
Operation
OSD navigation
Use any of the following methods to navigate the OSD main menu screen:
• To dismiss the main menu and deactivate the OSD, press ESC or click the X at the upper-right
hand corner of the screen.
• To log off of the OSD, press F8 or click F8 LOUT at the top of the screen.
• To move up or down through the list one line at a time, press the up or down arrows key or click
the up or down arrow symbols on the OSD’s right scroll bar.
• To move up or down through the list one screen at a time, press the PGUP or PGDN key or click
the up or down arrow symbols on the OSD’s right scroll bar.
• To activate a port, double-click its name in the list or highlight the name, and press ENTER.
Each action returns you to the menu.
OSD functions
The OSD provides a series of function keys to configure and control various computer operations.
For example, you can switch to any port, scan selected ports, and limit the list of ports you want to
view. You can also manage port names or make OSD setting adjustments.
To access any OSD function do one of the following:
• Press the desired function key on your keyboard.
• Click a function key menu option located at the top of the main menu screen.
A submenu appears that corresponds to your selected function key.
Press ESC to return to the previous menu level.
See the User’s Guide on the provided KVM Switch Utility CD for additional
information on the On Screen Display and its functions.
See also
KVM Switch — Installation and Quick Start
13
Specifications
Electrical
Power supply
100–240 V; 50 or 60 Hz
Connectors
Console VGA
Console K/M
CPU Ports
Serial connection
Remote access
Firmware Upgrade
Power
HDB - 15F
(2) pin mini DIN F (keyboard: purple; Mouse: green)
(16) SPDB - 15F
DB - 25 F, 1 × DB - 25 M
RJ-45
RJ-11
3-pin AC power jack
Emulation
Keyboard
Mouse
PS/2
PS/2
Scan interval
User specified: 1 to 255 seconds
Power consumption
DC 9V, 8W (max)
Physical
Switches
Power
Firmware recover
Reset
Remote access
Rocker switch
Slide switch
Semi-recessed push-button
Locking push-button
LEDs
On-line
Selected
Power
Station ID
16 (Green)
16 (Orange)
1 (Blue)
2 7 segments
Video
1920 × 1440, DDC2B
Housing
Metal
Weight
7.9 lb (3.56 kg)
Dimensions (L × W × H)
17 × 8.25 × 1.75 in (43.2 × 21 × 4.5 cm)
Environmental
14
Temperature
Operating
Storage
0 to 50º C (32º to 122º F)
–20 to 60º C (–4º to 122º F)
Humidity
0–80% RH
KVM Switch — Installation and Quick Start
Radio Frequency Interference
Warning
Changes or modifications to this unit not
expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the
user’s authority to operate this
equipment.
USA—FCC
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when
the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment
generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with this user manual, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a
residential area is likely to cause harmful interference. The user will bear sole
responsibility for correcting such interference.
Canada—ICES
This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du
Canada.
Japan—VCCI
This is a Class A product based on the standard of the Voluntary Control
Council for Interference by Information Technology Equipment (VCCI). If
this equipment is used in a domestic environment, radio disturbance may
occur, in which case, the user may be required to take corrective actions.
この装置は、情報処理装置等電波障害自主規制協議会(VCCI)
の基準に基づくクラス A 情報技術装置です。この装置を家庭
環境で使用すると、電波妨害を引き起こすことがあります。こ
の場合には、使用者が適切な対策を講ずるように要求されるこ
とがあります。
a
a
APC Worldwide Customer Support
Customer support for this or any other APC product is available at no charge in any of the following ways:
• Visit the APC Web site to find answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs), to access
documents in the APC Knowledge Base, and to submit customer support requests.
– www.apc.com (Corporate Headquarters)
Connect to localized APC Web sites for specific countries, each of which provides customer
support information.
– www.apc.com/support/
Global support with FAQs, knowledge base, and e-support.
• Contact an APC Customer Support center by telephone or e-mail.
– Regional centers:
Direct InfraStruXure Customer Support
Line
(1)(877)537-0607 (toll free)
APC headquarters U.S., Canada
(1)(800)800-4272 (toll free)
Latin America
(1)(401)789-5735 (USA)
Europe, Middle East, Africa
(353)(91)702000 (Ireland)
Japan
(0) 35434-2021
Australia, New Zealand, South Pacific
area
(61) (2) 9955 9366 (Australia)
– Local, country-specific centers: go to www.apc.com/support/contact for contact information.
Contact the APC representative or other distributor from whom you purchased your APC product for
information on how to obtain local customer support.
Entire contents copyright © 2003 American Power Conversion. All rights reserved.
Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. APC, the APC logo, and
NetShelter are trademarks of American Power Conversion Corporation and may be
registered in some jurisdictions. All other trademarks, product names, and corporate names
are the property of their respective owners and are used for informational purposes only.
990-1744
*990-1744*
12/2003