Axis 223M User`s manual

AXIS 223M Network Camera
User’s Manual
About this Document
This manual is intended for administrators and users of the AXIS 223M
Network Camera, and is applicable for software release 4.40. It includes
instructions for using and managing the AXIS 223M on your network.
Previous experience of networking will be of use when using this product.
Some knowledge of UNIX or Linux-based systems may also be beneficial, for
developing shell scripts and applications. Later versions of this document will
be posted to the Axis Website, as required. See also the product’s online help,
available via the Web-based interface.
Intellectual Property Rights
Axis AB has intellectual property rights relating to technology embodied in
the product described in this document. In particular, and without limitation,
these intellectual property rights may include one or more of the patents listed
at http://www.axis.com/patent.htm and one or more additional patents or
pending patent applications in the US and other countries.
This product contains source code copyright Apple Computer, Inc., under the
terms of Apple Public Source License 2.0 (see
http://www.opensource.apple.com/apsl/).
The source code is available from:
http://developer.apple.com/darwin/projects/rendezvous/
Legal Considerations
Video and audio surveillance can be prohibited by laws that vary from country
to country. Check the laws in your local region before using this product for
surveillance purposes.
This product includes one (1) MPEG-4 decoder license. To purchase further
licenses, contact your reseller.
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if
not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the
user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the
following measures: Re-orient or relocate the receiving antenna. Increase the
separation between the equipment and receiver. Connect the equipment to an
outlet on a different circuit to the receiver. Consult your dealer or an
experienced radio/TV technician for help. Shielded (STP) network cables must
be used with this unit to ensure compliance with EMC standards.
USA - This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for
a Class B computing device pursuant to Subpart B of Part 15 of FCC rules,
which are designed to provide reasonable protection against such interference
when operated in a commercial environment. Operation of this equipment in a
residential area is likely to cause interference, in which case the user at his/her
own expense will be required to take whatever measures may be required to
correct the interference.
Canada - This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Europe This digital equipment fulfills the requirements for radiated
emission according to limit B of EN55022/1998, and the requirements for
immunity according to EN55024/1998 residential, commercial, and industry.
Japan - This is a class B product based on the standard of the Voluntary
Control Council for Interference from Information Technology Equipment
(VCCI). If this is used near a radio or television receiver in a domestic
environment, it may cause radio interference. Install and use the equipment
according to the instruction manual.
Australia - This electronic device meets the requirements of the Radio
communications (Electromagnetic Compatibility) Standard 1998 AS/NZS 3548.
Liability
Every care has been taken in the preparation of this manual. Please inform
your local Axis office of any inaccuracies or omissions. Axis Communications
AB cannot be held responsible for any technical or typographical errors and
reserves the right to make changes to the product and manuals without prior
notice. Axis Communications AB makes no warranty of any kind with regard
to the material contained within this document, including, but not limited to,
the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.
Axis
Communications
AB shall not be liable nor responsible for incidental or
AXIS
COMMUNICATIONS
<Product
Name>
Quick
User’s
Guide
consequential
damages in
connection
with
the furnishing, performance or use
of this material.
Trademark Acknowledgments
Apple, Boa, Bonjour, Ethernet, Internet Explorer, Linux, Microsoft, Mozilla,
Netscape Navigator, OS/2, Real, QuickTime, UNIX, Windows, WWW are
registered trademarks of the respective holders. Java and all Java-based
trademarks and logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of Sun
Microsystems, Inc. in the United States and other countries. Axis
Communications AB is independent of Sun Microsystems Inc.
UPnPTM is a certification mark of the UPnPTM Implementers Corporation.
This product includes MPEG-4 AAC audio coding technology licensed by
Fraunhofer IIS. Refer to FHG audio home page
http://www.iis.fraunhofer.de/amm/
Support
Should you require any technical assistance, please contact your Axis reseller.
If your questions cannot be answered immediately, your reseller will forward
your queries through the appropriate channels to ensure a rapid response. If
you are connected to the Internet, you can:
• download user documentation and firmware updates
• find answers to resolved problems in the FAQ database. Search by product,
category, or phrases
• report problems to Axis Support by logging in to your private support area
• visit Axis Support at www.axis.com/techsup/
Safety Notice - Battery Replacement
The AXIS 223M uses a 3.0V CR2032 Lithium battery as the power supply for
its internal real-time clock (RTC). Under normal conditions this battery will
last for a minimum of 5 years. Low battery power affects the operation of the
RTC, causing it to reset at every power-up. A log message will appear when the
battery needs replacing.
The battery should not be replaced unless required!
If the battery does need replacing, please observe the following:
• Danger of Explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced
• Replace only with the same or equivalent battery, as recommended by the
manufacturer.
• Dispose of used batteries according to the manufacturer's instructions
Communications AB is independent of Sun Microsystems Inc.
WEEE Directive
The European Union has enacted a Directive 2002/96/EC on Waste
Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE Directive). This directive
is applicable in the European Union member states.
The WEEE marking on this product (see right) or its documentation
indicates that the product must not be disposed of together with
household waste. To prevent possible harm to human health and/or
the environment, the product must be disposed of in an approved and
environmentally safe recycling process. For further information on how to
dispose of this product correctly, contact the product supplier, or the local
authority responsible for waste disposal in your area.
Business users should contact the product supplier for information on how to
dispose of this product correctly. This product should not be mixed with other
commercial waste.
AXIS 223M User’s Manual
Decmber 2006
Copyright© Axis Communications AB, 2006
Revision 1.0
Part No: 26914
AXIS 223M - Table of contents
Product Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Accessing the Camera . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Access from a Browser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Accessing the camera from the Internet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Focusing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Video Streams. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
How to stream MPEG-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
MPEG-4 clients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Motion JPEG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Accessing the setup tools from a browser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
AXIS Media Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Video and Image Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Overlay/Mask Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Advanced Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Live View Config . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
HTML Examples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
External Video. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Sequence Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Event Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Event Servers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Configuring Event Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Motion Detection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Port Status. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
System Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Date & Time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Network - Basic TCP/IP Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Network - Advanced TCP/IP Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
SOCKS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
QoS (Quality of service) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
QoS Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
SMTP (email) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
UPnP™ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Bonjour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
RTP / MPEG-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Ports & Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
LED Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Advanced . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Resetting to the Factory Default Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Unit Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
I/O Terminal Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Power connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
The RS-232 Connector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Replacing the lens. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Removing and attaching the lens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Technical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
General performance considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Optimizing your system. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
3
AXIS 223M - Table of contents
Frame rates - Motion JPEG and MPEG-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Glossary of Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
4
AXIS 223M - Product Features
Product Features
The AXIS 223M is a high performance camera, designed for demanding security installations. It delivers crisp,
clear images, disclosing every detail, thanks to its top quality 2.0 Megapixel progressive scan CCD sensor,
Megapixel lens and advanced image processing. AXIS 223M features a removable infrared cut filter, which
enables color video in high and low light conditions as well as IR sensitive black/white video at night.
Supported by the industry’s largest base of video management software, the AXIS 223M provides the perfect
solution for securing bank offices, airports and other facilities, as well as for traffic surveillance, over IP based
networks.
The built-in Power over Ethernet (IEEE 802.3af) support enables power to the camera to be delivered via the
network, eliminating the need for a power outlet and reducing installation costs. Steady power can be
guaranteed with a central Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS).
The AXIS 223M offers a comprehensive set of network security and management features. This includes support
for port based network control (IEEE802.1X), which allows the camera to be connected to a network secured
with this control, and HTTPS encryption, which provides a secure channel between camera and application and
enables authentication of the video source. Axis video products are efficiently managed with the powerful AXIS
Camera Management tool, provided with the AXIS 223M.
5
AXIS 223M - Product Features
Overview
Status
indicator
Zoom puller
(Tele/wide)
10-pin I/O terminal
connector
Reset/Control
button
Audio out
Audio in
Network
connector
(also PoE)
Focus puller
DC-Iris
Serial number
on underside
label
Power and
network indicators
Power connector
block
DC-Iris control cable
DC-Iris
control cable
RS-232
connector
Power adapter
connector
Power adapter connector - for connection of the PS-K power adapter (included).
I/O connector - The I/O terminal connector provides the physical interface to one solid state relay output, two
digital photo-coupled inputs, RS-485 and an auxiliary connection point for DC power. For more information,
see Unit Connectors, on page 34.
Network connector - The AXIS 223M connects to the network via a standard network cable, and automatically
detects the speed of the local network segment (10BaseT/100BaseTX Ethernet). This socket can also be used to
power the AXIS 223M via Power over Ethernet (PoE). The camera also negotiates the correct power level when
using PoE.
Audio Output - Audio output (line level), which can be connected to a public address (PA) system or an active
speaker with a built-in amplifier. A pair of headphones can also be attached. A 3.5mm audio connector must be
used for the audio out.
Audio Input - One 3.5mm input for a mono microphone, or for line-in mono signal (only the left channel is
used from a stereo signal).
RS-232 Connector- Single 9-pin D-SUB RS-232 connector, max 115 kbit/s, half-duplex.
Serial Number - This number is used during installation.
Reset/control Button - Press this button to install using the AXIS Internet Dynamic DNS Service (see the
installation guide) or to restore the factory default settings, as described in Advanced, on page 32.
LED Indicators - After completion of the startup and self test routines, the multi-colored Network, Status, and
Power LED indicators flash as follows:
LED
Color
Description
Network
Green
Amber
Unlit
Status
Green
Steady for connection to 100 Mbit/s network. Flashes for network activity.
Steady for connection to 10 Mbit/s network. Flashes for network activity.
No connection
Note: The Network LED can be configured to be unlit during normal operation. See the online help files for more information. Go to Setup > System Options > LED settings.
Shows steady green for normal operation.
Note: The Status LED can be configured to be unlit during normal operation, or to flash only when the camera is accessed.
See the online help files for more information. Go to Setup > System Options > LED settings
Steady during startup, reset to factory default or when restoring settings.
Slow flash for failed upgrade.
Normal operation.
Flashes green/amber during firmware upgrade.
Power
Amber
Red
Green
Amber
6
AXIS 223M - Accessing the Camera
Accessing the Camera
Follow the instructions in the AXIS 223M Installation Guide to install the camera.
The AXIS 223M can be accessed with most standard operating systems and browsers. The recommended browser
is Internet Explorer for Windows, and Mozilla with other operating systems. See also the Technical
Specifications, on page 42.
Notes: • To view streaming video in Microsoft Internet Explorer, set your browser to allow ActiveX controls and allow the AXIS Media Control
(AMC) to be installed on your workstation.
• QuickTimeTM and Real PlayerTM are also supported for viewing streaming MPEG-4 video and audio.
• If your workstation restricts the use of additional software components, the camera can be configured to use a Java applet for viewing
motion JPEG.
• The AXIS 223M includes one (1) decoder license for viewing MPEG-4 video streams. This is automatically installed with AMC. The
administrator can disable the installation of the MPEG-4 decoder, to prevent unlicensed copies being installed.
Access from a Browser
1. Start a browser (e.g. Internet Explorer, Mozilla)
2. Enter the IP address or host name of the camera in the
Location/Address field of your browser.
To access the camera from a Macintosh computer (Mac
OSX), simply click on the Bonjour tab and select the
AXIS 223M from the drop-down list.
3. If this is the first time the camera is accessed, see Setting the Password, on page 8. Otherwise enter
your user name and password, as set by the administrator.
4. The camera’s Live View page is now displayed in your browser.
Note: The layout of the live view page in the camera may have been customized to meet specific requirements. Consequently, some of the
examples and functions featured here may differ from those displayed on your own Live View page.
7
AXIS 223M - Accessing the Camera
Setting the Password
1. When accessing the camera for the first time, the ‘Configure
Root Password’ dialog will be displayed on the screen.
2. Enter a password and then re-enter it, to confirm the spelling.
Click OK.
3. The ‘Enter Network Password’ dialog will appear. Enter the User name: root
Note: The default administrator user name root is permanent and cannot be deleted or altered.
4. Enter the password as set in step 2 above, and click OK. If the password is lost, the camera must be
reset to the factory default settings. See page 32.
5. If required, click Yes to install the AXIS Media Control (AMC). You will need administrator rights on
the computer to do this.
Accessing the camera from the Internet
Once installed, the camera is accessible on your local network (LAN). To access the camera from the Internet you
must configure your broadband router to allow incoming data traffic to the camera. To do this, enable the
NAT-traversal feature, which will attempt to automatically configure the router to allow access to the camera.
This is enabled from Setup > System Options > Network > TCP/IP Advanced.
For more information, please see the AXIS Internet Dynamic DNS Service at www.axiscam.net or, for Technical
notes on this and other topics, visit the Axis Support Web at www.axis.com/techsup
Focusing
To focus the AXIS 223M, follow the instructions below.
1. From the Basic Configuration page in the setup tools, open the Focus adjustment page.
2. Set the DC-Iris to Disabled and click Save.
3. Unscrew the zoom puller on the lens by turning it
anti-clockwise. Adjust the zoom setting as
required. Re-tighten the zoom puller.
4. Unscrew the focus puller on the lens. Adjust the
focus as required. Re-tighten the focus puller.
Zoom puller
(Tele/wide)
Focus puller
5. From the Focus adjustment page, set the DC-Iris to
Enabled and click Save.
Note: The DC-Iris should always be disabled while focusing the camera. This
opens the iris to its maximum, which gives the smallest depth of field and thus the best conditions for correct focusing. When the focus
is set with this method it will then be maintained in any light conditions.
8
AXIS 223M - Accessing the Camera
The Live View Page
Depending on whether or not the Live View page has been customized, the buttons described below may or may
not be visible.
The Video Format drop-down list allows the video format on the Live View page to be
temporarily changed.
The Output buttons control the
output directly from the Live
View page. These buttons are
configured under Setup > Live
View Config > Layout.
Pulse - click this button to activate the output for a defined
period of time, e.g. to switch on a light for 20 seconds.
Active/Inactive - click these buttons to manually start and stop a
connected device, e.g. switch a light on/off.
These buttons start and stop the Sequence Mode. This mode is created in Setup > Live View
Config > Sequence mode, and automatically displays the view from 2 or more video sources at set
intervals.
From the Source list, select the desired external video source. Note that Sequence Mode
must be stopped before selecting a source from this list.
The Trigger buttons can trigger an event directly from the Live View page. These are configured
under Setup > Live View Config > Layout.
The Snapshot button saves a snapshot of the image currently being displayed. Right-click on the
video image to save it in JPEG format on your computer. This button is intended for use when the
AMC viewer toolbar is not available.
The AMC (AXIS Media Control) viewer toolbar is available in Microsoft Internet Explorer for Windows only.
It displays the following buttons:
Play/Stop button - starts and stops the live video stream.
Snapshot button - saves a snapshot of the video image currently being displayed. The Snapshot function
and the target directory for saving snapshots can be configured from the AMC Control Applet in the
Windows Control Panel (Internet Explorer only).
View Full Screen button - makes the image fill the entire screen area. No other windows will be visible.
Press Esc (Escape) on the keyboard to exit full screen.
Click the Record button to start an MPEG-4 recording (only available when viewing MPEG-4).
9
AXIS 223M - Accessing the Camera
AMC audio controls
There are audio controls for controlling the client computer’s speaker output. These controls are only available
when audio is enabled, see AXIS Media Control (AMC), on page 12 and Audio, on page 17.
Click the Speaker and Microphone buttons to switch the sound off and on for the speaker and
microphone, respectively.
Use the sliders to control the volume on the speaker and microphone. The volume can be set
between 0 and 100.
When using Half-duplex mode, this button toggles between allowing you to speak and listen. The first
icon indicates that you can talk and the speaker attached to the camera will play your voice. The second
indicates that you will hear audio from the camera, but no audio will be sent to any web clients.
When in simplex talk mode, the icon toggles between allowing you to speak and is dimmed when you do not
want other clients to receive any audio.
10
AXIS 223M - Video Streams
Video Streams
The AXIS 223M provides several different image and video stream formats. The type to use depends on your
requirements and on the properties of your network.
The Live View page in the AXIS 223M provides access to MPEG-4 and Motion JPEG video streams, as well as
single JPEG images. Other applications and clients can also access these video streams/images directly, without
going via the Live View page.
How to stream MPEG-4
This video compression standard makes good use of bandwidth, and can provide DVD-quality video streams at
less than 1 Mbit/s. Note that the image settings of the MPEG-4 stream are the same for all clients. The image size
in MPEG-4 is limited to 640x480, this will be set when switching from Motion JPEG.
Deciding on the combination of protocols and methods to use depends on your viewing requirements, and on
the properties of your network. The available options in AMC are:
Unicast RTP
This unicast method (RTP over UDP) should be your
first consideration for live video, especially when it is
important to always have an up-to-date video stream,
even if some images are dropped.
RTP over RTSP
This unicast method (RTP tunneled over RTSP) is useful as it is relatively simple to configure firewalls to
allow RTSP traffic.
RTP over RTSP over HTTP
This unicast method can be used to traverse firewalls.
Firewalls are commonly configured to allow the HTTP
protocol, thus allowing RTP to be tunneled.
Multicast RTP
This method (RTP over TCP) should be your first consideration for live video, especially when it is important to always have an up-to-date video stream, even
if some images are dropped.
Unicasting is used for video-on-demand
broadcasting, so that there is no video traffic on the network until a client connects
and requests the stream.
Note: There is a maximum of 20 simultaneous viewers.
Multicasting provides the most efficient
usage of bandwidth, especially when there
are large numbers of clients viewing simultaneously. Note however, that a multicast
broadcast cannot pass a network router
unless the router is configured to allow this.
It is thus not possible to multicast over e.g.
the Internet.
AMC will negotiate with the camera to determine exactly which transport protocol to use in the order listed
above. This order can be changed and the options disabled, to suit any specific requirements.
Important!
MPEG-4 is licensed technology. The AXIS 223M includes one viewing client license. Installing additional
unlicensed copies of the viewing client is prohibited. To purchase additional licenses, contact your Axis
reseller.
11
AXIS 223M - Video Streams
MPEG-4 clients
AXIS Media Control (AMC)
The recommended method of accessing live video (MPEG-4 and Motion
JPEG) from the AXIS 223M is to use the AXIS Media Control (AMC) in
Microsoft Internet Explorer in Windows.
The AMC control panel can be used to configure various video and audio
settings. Please see the readme file included in the tool for more
information.
The AMC control panel is automatically installed on first use, after which
it can be configured. Open the AMC Control Panel from:
• Windows Control Panel (from the Start menu)
• Alternatively, right-click the video image in Internet Explorer and
click Settings in the menu.
For more information on the AMC settings, please refer to the AXIS
Media Control User’s Manual available from the Axis Web site at
http://www.axis.com
QuickTime™ & Real Player™
To access the video stream from e.g. QuickTime™ or Real Player™ the following paths can be used:
• rtsp://<ip>/mpeg4/media.amp
• rtsp://<ip>/mpeg4/media.3gp
Notes: • The AXIS 223M supports QuickTime 6.5.1 (or later) and Real Player 10.5 (or later)
• QuickTime adds latency to the video and audio stream (up to 3 seconds)
• It may be possible to use other players to view the MPEG-4 stream using the paths above, although this is not guaranteed by Axis
Motion JPEG
This format uses standard JPEG still images for the video stream. These images are then displayed and updated
at a rate sufficient to create a stream that shows constantly updated motion.
The Motion JPEG stream uses considerable amounts of bandwidth, but provides excellent image quality and
access to each and every individual image contained in the stream. The recommended method of accessing
Motion JPEG live video from the AXIS 223M is to use the AXIS Media Control (AMC) in Microsoft Internet
Explorer in Windows.
Note also that multiple clients accessing Motion JPEG streams can use different image settings.
Alternative methods of accessing the video stream
Video/images from the AXIS 223M can also be accessed in the following ways:
• Motion JPEG server push (if supported by the client, e.g. Mozilla/Firefox). This option maintains an open
HTTP connection to the browser and sends data as and when required, for as long as required. See HTML
Examples, on page 27.
• Still JPEG images in a browser. Enter e.g. the path: http://<ip>/axis-cgi/jpg/image.cgi?resolution=320x240
• Windows Media Player. This requires AMC and the MPEG-4 viewing client to be installed. The paths that can
be used are listed below in the order of preference.
• Unicast via RTP: axrtpu://<ip>/mpeg4/media.amp
• Unicast via RTSP: axrtsp://<ip>/mpeg4/media.amp
• Unicast via RTSP, tunneled via HTTP: axrtsphttp://<ip>/mpeg4/media.amp
• Multicast: axrtpm://<ip>/mpeg4/media.amp
Note: <ip> = IP address
12
AXIS 223M - Configuration
Configuration
This section describes how to configure the camera, and is intended for product Administrators, who have
unrestricted access to all the Setup tools, and Operators, who have access to the settings for Video & Image,
Audio, Live View Config and Event Configuration.
The camera is configured from Setup, from a standard browser (see Minimum web browsing requirements, on
page 53).
Accessing the setup tools from a browser
Follow the instructions below to access the Setup Tools from a browser.
1. Start your browser and enter the IP address or host name
of the camera in the location/address field.
2. The Live View page is now displayed. Click Setup to
display the Setup tools.
Setup tools
AXIS Media Control
The AXIS Media Control (AMC) is installed automatically the first time the camera is accessed from Microsoft
Internet Explorer. The AMC control panel can be opened by right-clicking on the video image in the Live View
web page. The AMC control panel can be used to configure various video and audio settings. For more
information, please refer to the AXIS Media Control User’s Manual available form the Axis Web site at
http://www.axis.com
13
AXIS 223M - Video and Image Settings
Video and Image Settings
The following descriptions show examples
of some of the features available in the
AXIS 223M. For details of each setting,
please refer to the online help available
to access
from the setup tools. Click
the online help.
Image Appearance
Use these settings to change the image as
required. The video image can be rotated
and fine-tuned by adjusting the color
level, the brightness and the sharpness.
The configuration of the video image will
affect the camera’s overall performance,
depending on how it is used and on the
available bandwidth. Setting higher
resolution and lower compression
improves video image quality, but
increases the amount of bandwidth used.
When the box for Widescreen resolutions
(16:9) is checked, all the currently open
video streams are stopped and the
resolutions for this format are displayed
in the drop-down list. Open video streams are also stopped when this box is unchecked and the format switches
to 4:3. Please see the online help for further information on these settings.
Video Stream
Define the maximum video stream time per session in seconds, minutes or hours. When the set time has
expired, a new stream can be started by refreshing the page in the Web browser. For unlimited video stream
time, set this value to 0. This setting is only applicable to Motion JPEG.
The frame rate allowed to each viewer can also be limited, to avoid bandwidth problems on the network.
Test
To preview the image before saving, click Test. Note that the preview image will be in JPEG format, even though
the settings are valid both for Motion JPEG and MPEG-4.
14
AXIS 223M - Video and Image Settings
Overlay/Mask Settings
Text Overlay
These settings enable you to place text at
the top or bottom of an image, e.g. date,
time or some other text.
Text, date and
time overlays
Overlay image
Overlay/Mask Type
When using an image overlay, select from
the following options the type to use:
• Uploaded image as overlay - usually
used to provide extra information in the video image.
• Configurable areas as privacy masks - up to 3 areas are used to conceal parts of the video image.
The difference between an overlay and a privacy mask is that a privacy mask cannot be bypassed by accessing
the video stream with the help of the AXIS VAPIX API, whereas an overlay can.
Selecting the overlay/mask type will display further settings available for the selected type. See the online help
for further information.
Upload and use an overlay
To upload an overlay image to the camera:
1. Select the type of overlay to use in Overlay/Mask Type.
2. In the field Upload own image, click the Browse button and locate the image file on your computer or
server.
3. Click the Upload button and follow the on-screen instructions.
To use an already uploaded image:
1. Select an uploaded image from the Use image drop-down list.
2. Place the image at the required location by entering the x and y coordinates.
3. Click Save.
Overlay image requirements
Image Formats
Image Size
•
Windows 24-bit BMP (full color)
The height and width of the overlay image in
pixels must be exactly divisible by 4.
•
Windows 4-bit BMP (16 colors)
The height and width of the overlay image in
pixels must be exactly divisible by 16.
There are a number of limitations when using overlay images, such as the size and positioning of images. Please
refer to the online help for more information.
15
AXIS 223M - Video and Image Settings
Advanced Settings
These web pages include different settings for fine-tuning the video image.
Camera Settings
To compensate for the lighting
conditions, the white balance,
the exposure control, the
exposure area and the IR cut
filter can all be adjusted. DC-Iris
should always be enabled, except
when focusing, or when using a
non-DC-Iris lens.
The settings for low light
behavior determine how the
camera will behave at low light
levels. These settings all affect
video image quality and are
basically a measure of how much
noise to allow in the video
images.
Please see the online help for further information on these settings.
MPEG-4 Settings
These are the tools for adjusting the MPEG-4 settings and controlling the video bit rate.
The MPEG-4 standard provides
many different coding tools for
various applications in different
situations. As most MPEG-4
clients do not support all of
these tools, it is usual to instead
define and use subsets for
different clients or groups of
clients. These settings allow you
to define the type of viewing
client to use.
Adjusting the maximum bit rate
and setting it to variable or
constant is a good way of
controlling the bandwidth used
by the MPEG-4 video stream.
For more information on these
advanced settings, please see the online help, and Video Streams, on page 11.
16
AXIS 223M - Audio
Audio
The AXIS 223M can transmit audio to other clients using a connected external microphone and can play audio
received from other clients via connected speakers. This section describes how to configure the basic audio
settings for the AXIS 223M, e.g. set the communication mode and adjust the sound levels in the microphone and
speakers connected to the camera.
Note: The speakers connected to the audio output must have a built-in amplifier, e.g. Client PC
PC speakers.
Audio Settings - Enable Audio
Check this box to enable audio in the AXIS 223M.
TCP/IP Network
Audio Channels - Audio mode
Half-duplex mode transmits and receives audio in both directions,
but only in one direction at a time. This means that you must select
when to receive or transmit audio with the push-to-talk button. To
speak, press and hold the button (check that the microphone is not
muted). When finished speaking, release the button and you will
receive audio from the other end of the connection.
Example of a network
using AXIS 223M cameras to transmit
audio and video across the network.
Note that the push-to-talk button is configured from AMC. It is also possible to configure the push-to-talk
button so that it toggles between speaking and listening modes.
When selecting Simplex - Network Camera speaker only mode, the speaker connected to the camera will play
audio, but no audio will be transmitted from the camera to other web clients. This could be used to e.g. provide
spoken instructions to a person seen in the camera. This mode requires you to use the push-to-talk button.
Simplex - Network Camera microphone only mode transmits audio only from the AXIS 223M to web clients. It
will not receive audio from any other web clients. This can be used in remote monitoring, web attractions etc.,
to provide live audio, as well as video, of a monitored situation.
When using half-duplex, the Send the sound from the active client to all other clients option transmits the
audio signal from the client that is talking to all the other clients.
Audio Input
Audio from a connected microphone or a line source can be connected to the Audio in connector of the AXIS
223M. The audio source must be set to Microphone or Line depending on the connected device.
The Enable microphone power option provides DC power for an external microphone. If using a small electret
condenser microphone such as a clip-on mic or a PC microphone, this option needs to be enabled.
Note: To use a high impedance dynamic microphone, DC power should not be enabled. DC power will not harm the microphone, but if you are
uncertain, try switching it off and on. The default value is DC power enabled. To use a professional microphone requiring 48V phantom
power, you need an external power supply and must use a balanced-unbalanced converter (audio transformer) in between.
If there are problems with the sound input being too low or high, adjust the input gain for the microphone
connected to the AXIS 223M.
Select the desired audio Encoding format, AAC, G711, G726.
Select the desired Sample rate (the number of samples of a sound that are taken per second). The settings
depend on the available bandwidth and the required audio quality, i.e. 16kHz produces better sound but requires
more bandwidth.
Depending on the selected encoding, set the desired Bit rate (audio quality). The settings depend on the
available bandwidth and the required audio quality, i.e. a high bit rate setting requires more bandwidth.
17
AXIS 223M - Audio
The AXIS 223M can be set to trigger an event if the incoming sound level rises above, falls below or passes the
set value. The Alarm level is set between 0-100%.
Audio Output
If the sound from the speaker is too low or high, adjust the output gain for the active speaker attached to the
AXIS 223M. When satisfied with the settings, click Save, or click Reset to revert to the previously saved
settings.
18
AXIS 223M - Live View Config
Live View Config
These are the tools for deciding the layout of the
camera’s Live View page. The layout can be set in 3
ways:
• Use Axis look - the layout is unchanged.
• Use custom settings - modify the default Live View
page with your own colors, images etc. Click the
Configure button and see below.
• Own Home Page - Use your own custom page as
the default web page. Click the Configure button
and see the following page.
The other settings on this page concern which other
features to include, e.g. buttons and links. See page 20
for more information.
Use custom settings
Adjust the settings under Modify the Axis look, to
change the background picture, banner, colors, etc.
To use your own file for e.g. a banner, first upload
it (see the following page) or select External and
enter the path to the file.
Note that unchecking the box for Show setup link
will remove the setup link from the camera’s Home
Page. The setup tools will then only be accessible
by entering the full setup address into the
address/URL field of a browser, i.e.
http://<ip address>/operator/basic.shtml
Upload Own Web Files
Your own background pictures, banners and logos can either be located externally on e.g. a network server, or
they can be uploaded to the AXIS 223M itself. Once uploaded, files are shown in the drop-down lists for Own
(file). Follow these instructions to upload a file.
1. Click the Upload/Remove button in the Custom settings dialog.
2. Enter the path to the file, e.g. a file located on your computer or click the Browse button.
3. Select the user level for the uploaded file. Setting the user access level means that you have complete
control over which pages can be viewed by which users.
4. When the path is shown correctly in the text field, click the Upload button.
All uploaded files are shown in the list in the lower section of this dialog. To remove a file, check the box
provided next to it and then click the Remove button.
19
AXIS 223M - Live View Config
Own home page
From Live View Layout, select the radio button Use custom settings and click Configure.
Check the box Use own home page at the bottom of this dialog, To use a previously uploaded web page (see
above) as the default home page, select the page from the drop-down list and click OK.
User-defined Links
Enter a descriptive name and enter the URL in the
provided field.
Example
1. Check Show Custom Link 1
2. Enter a descriptive name, e.g. My Website
3. Check the radio button for web link.
4. Enter the web link: e.g. http://www.example.com
5. Click Save.
This link will then be shown on the Live View page and
will open the specified web site.
User-defined CGI links can be used to issue advanced
commands via the AXIS VAPIX API (Application
Programming Interface). For more information, see the
Developer pages at www.axis.com/developer
User-defined link
Action Buttons
The manual trigger buttons can be used to manually trigger and stop an event from the Live View page. See
Event Configuration, on page 22.
Enabling the display of the Snapshot button allows users to save a snapshot from the video stream by clicking
this button. This button is mainly intended for use with browsers other than Internet Explorer for Windows, or
when otherwise not using ActiveX to view the video stream. The ActiveX viewing component (AXIS Media
Control) for Internet Explorer provides its own snapshot button.
Output Buttons
These buttons can then be used to manually activate the output from the Live View page, e.g. to switch a light
on and off. There are 2 options for how the output is activated:
• The Pulse button activates the output for a defined period
• Active/Inactive displays 2 buttons, one for each action (on/off)
Default Video Format
Select default video format from the drop-down list. Checking the box for Show video format selection displays
a drop-down list on the Live View page allowing you to temporarily change the format.
20
AXIS 223M - Live View Config
Default Viewer
When using Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE) for Windows, select your preferred method of viewing moving
images. The options are:
• AMC(ActiveX)- This is the best choice for fast image updating in Internet Explorer, but might not be
possible on computers that have restriction on the installation of additional software.
• QuickTime - For use with MPEG-4 only, select this to use the QuickTime plug-in for Microsoft Internet
Explorer.
• Java applet - This alternative uses a Java applet to update the images in the browser.
• Still Image - Displays still images only. Hit the Refresh button in your browser to view a new image.
When using any other browser than Internet Explorer for Windows, select the appropriate method from the
drop-down list for viewing images. The available options are similar to Internet Explorer except for Server
Push. With this method, the camera maintains and controls an open HTTP connection to the browser and sends
data as and when required for as long as required. Please see the online help
for more information.
HTML Examples
You can add live video from the camera to your own web site. The camera can transmit a Motion JPEG or
unicast MPEG-4 stream to up to 20 simultaneous connections, although an administrator can restrict this to
fewer. If multicast MPEG-4 is used, the video stream will be available to an unlimited number of viewers
connected to the parts of the network where multicast is enabled. Please note that a separate MPEG-4 license is
required for each viewer.
Enter the Video Format, Image Type, Image size and other settings to suit your Web page and click Update.
The camera then generates the required source code for your configuration. Copy this code and paste it into
your own Web page code.
External Video
The camera can also display video images from other Axis network cameras and video servers, directly on the
Live View page. These are known as External Video sources. These external video sources are available from the
drop-down list on the Live View page.
Click the Add button to open the External Video Source Setup dialog, which is used to make all the necessary
settings. Enter the IP address or host name of the external video source you wish to add. Depending on the
external source, then select either MPEG-2, MPEG-4 or Motion JPEG as the type of video stream to receive.
Example of a path to an external video source:
http://192.168.0.125/axis-cgi/mjpeg/video.cgi
Sequence Mode
The Live View page can be configured to cycle through the internal and selected external video sources, in
order, or randomly.
Select the desired video sources and enter the time in seconds to display each source (up to 59 minutes).
Click Save.
The Sequence buttons that appear on the Live View page are used to start and stop the sequence mode.
Please see the online help for more information.
21
AXIS 223M - Event Configuration
Event Configuration
An event in the camera is when an Event Type is activated and causes certain actions to be performed. The
event type is the set of parameters (or conditions) that specifies how and when which actions will be performed.
A common event type is when the camera uploads images when an alarm occurs. Many event types use an
Event Server, to e.g. upload images to.
This section describes how to set up event servers and event types, i.e. how to configure the camera to perform
certain actions when events (e.g. alarms) occur.
Definitions
Event type
A set of parameters describing how and when the camera will perform certain actions
Triggered Event - see page 23
The circumstances that start an event.
Scheduled Event - see page 24 The circumstances that start an event.
What occurs when the event triggers.
Action
E.g. on a signal from an external device, such as a door
switch or a motion sensor.
E.g. at a pre-programmed time.
E.g. the upload of images to an FTP server, e-mail notification, etc.
Event Servers
Event Servers are used to receive e.g. uploaded image files and/or notification messages. To set up Event server
connections in your camera, go to Setup > Event Configuration > Event Servers and enter the required
information for the required server type.
Server type
Purpose
Information required
• Receives uploaded images
Descriptive name of your choice
Network address (IP address or host name)
User name and password (for FTP server)
Upload path e.g. images/
Port number
Use passive mode if there is a firewall between the camera
and FTP server
• Use temporary file if your FTP server doesn’t allow an existing
file to be overwritten by a new file with the same name
HTTP Server
• Receives notification messages
• Receives uploaded images
•
•
•
•
•
TCP Server
• Receives notification messages
• Descriptive name of your choice
• Network address (IP address or host name)
• Port number
FTP Server
•
•
•
•
•
•
For details on each setting, please see the online help
Descriptive name of your choice
URL (IP address or host name)
User name and password (for HTTP server)
Proxy address/Proxy port (if required)
Proxy User name and password (if required)
available from each web page.
When the setup is complete, the connection can be tested by clicking the Test button (the connection test takes
approximately 10 seconds).
Configuring Event Types
An Event Type describes how and when the camera will
perform certain actions.
Example: If somebody passes in front of the camera and an event that uses
motion detection has been configured to act on this, the camera can e.g.
record and save images to an FTP server, and/or send a notification e-mail to
a pre-configured e-mail address with a pre-configured message. Images can
be sent as e-mail attachments.
22
AXIS 223M - Event Configuration
Triggered Event
A Triggered event can be activated by:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Input port - a switch (e.g. a push button) connected to the camera
Manual trigger - a manually activated action, e.g. from an action button in the web interface
Activation/deactivation of the IR cut filter
Detected movement in a configured motion detection window
Audio alarm
on restart (reboot) after e.g. power loss
a temperature warning
How to set up a triggered event
This example describes how to set the camera to upload images when e.g the main door is opened:
1. Click Add triggered on the Event types page.
2. Enter a descriptive name for the event, e.g. Main door open.
3. Set the priority - High, Normal or Low (see the online help).
4. Set the Respond to Trigger... parameters for when the event will be active, e.g. only after office hours.
5. Select the trigger alternative from the Triggered by... drop-down list, e.g. select Input ports, for the
sensor connected to the door.
6. Set the When Triggered... parameters, i.e. define what the camera will do if the main door is opened
e.g., upload images to an FTP server or send an e-mail.
7. Click OK to save the Event in the Event Types list.
Please use the online help
for descriptions of each available option. Image file names can be formatted
according to specific requirements, such as time/date or type of triggered event. See File Naming & Date/Time
Formats under Event Configuration.
Note:
Up to 10 event types can be configured in the camera, and up to 3 of these can be configured to upload images.
Pre-trigger and Post-trigger buffers
This function is very useful when checking to see what happened immediately before and/or after a trigger, e.g.
up to 30 seconds before and/or after a door was opened. Check the Upload images checkbox under Event Types
> Add Triggered... > Triggered by... to expand the web page with the available options. All uploaded images
are JPEG images.
Include pre-trigger buffer - images stored internally in the camera from the time immediately preceding the
trigger. Check the box to enable the pre-trigger buffer, enter the desired length of time and specify the required
image frequency.
Include post-trigger buffer - contains images from the time immediately after the trigger. Configure as for
pre-trigger.
Notes:
•Pre-trigger and Post-trigger buffers will be lost if the connection to the event server fails.
•The maximum length of the pre-/post-buffer depends on the video image size and selected frame rate.
•If the pre- or post-buffer is too large for the camera’s internal memory, the frame rate will be reduced and individual images may be
missing. If this occurs, an entry will be created in the unit's log file.
Continue image upload (unbuffered) - enables the upload of video images for a fixed length of time. Specify
the length of time for the uploaded recording, in seconds, minutes or hours, or for as long as the trigger is
active. Finally, set the desired image frequency to the maximum (the maximum available) or to a specified frame
rate. The frame rate will be the best possible, but might not be as high as specified, especially if uploading via a
slow connection.
23
AXIS 223M - Event Configuration
Scheduled Event
A Scheduled event can be activated at preset times, in a repeating pattern on selected weekdays.
Configuration example:
1. Click Add scheduled on the Event types page.
2. Enter a descriptive name for the event, e.g. “Scheduled e-mail upload.”
3. Set the priority (High, Normal or Low).
4. Set the Activation Time parameters (24h clock) when the event will be active, e.g. start on Sundays at
13.00 with a duration of 12 hours.
5. Set the When Activated... parameters, i.e. set what the camera will do at the specified time, e.g. send
uploaded images to an e-mail address.
6. Click OK to save the Event in the Event Types list.
Please see the online help
for descriptions of each available option.
Motion Detection
Motion detection is used to generate an alarm whenever movement occurs (or stops) in the video image. A total
of 10 Include and/or Exclude windows can be configured.
• Included windows target
specific areas within the
whole video image
• Excluded windows define
areas within an Include
window that should be
ignored (areas outside
Include windows are automatically ignored)
Once configured, the motion
detection windows will appear in the
list of available triggers, for
triggering events. See How to set up
a triggered event above.
Note: Using the motion detection feature may decrease the camera’s overall performance.
Configuring Motion Detection
1. Click Motion Detection in the Event Configuration menu.
2. Click the Configure Included Window radio button and click New.
3. Enter a descriptive name under Window name.
4. Adjust the size (drag the bottom right-hand corner) and position (click on the text at the top and drag
to the desired position).
5. Adjust the Object size, History and Sensitivity profile sliders (see table below for details). Any detected
motion within an active window is then indicated by red peaks in the Activity window (the active
window has a red frame).
6. Click Save.
To exclude parts of the Include window, click the Configure Excluded Windows button and position the
Exclude window as required, within the Include window.
24
AXIS 223M - Event Configuration
Object size, history and sensitivity:
History
Object Size
Sensitivity
High level
Only very large objects
trigger motion detection
An object that appears in the region will trigger Ordinary colored objects on ordinary backthe motion detection for a long period
grounds will trigger the motion detection
Low level
Even very small objects
trigger motion detection
An object that appears in the region will trigger Only very bright objects on a dark backmotion detection for only a very short period
ground will trigger motion detection
Default value
Low
Medium to High
Medium to High
Examples:
•
•
•
Avoid triggering on small objects in the video image by setting the object size level to high.
To reduce the number of triggers if there is a lot of movement during a short period of time, select a high history level.
To only detect flashing light, low sensitivity can be selected. In other cases, a high sensitivity level is recommended.
Port Status
Under Event Configuration > Port Status there is a list showing the status for the camera’s input and output.
This is for the benefit of Operators, who cannot access the System Options section.
Example: If the Normal state for a door push button connected to an input is set to Open circuit - as long as the button is not pushed, the
state will be inactive. If the doorbell button is pushed, the state of the input changes to active.
Please see the online help
for descriptions of each available option.
25
AXIS 223M - System Options
System Options
Security
User access control is enabled by default, when the administrator sets the root password on first access. An
administrator can set up other users, by giving these user names and passwords. It is also possible to allow
anonymous viewer login, which means that anybody may access the Live View page, as described below:
Users - the user list displays the authorized users and user groups (levels):
Viewer
Operator
Administrator
Provides the lowest level of access, which only allows access to the Live View page.
An operator can view the Live View page, create and modify event types and adjust certain
other settings. Operators have no access to the System Options.
An administrator has unrestricted access to all the setup tools and can determine the
registration of all other users.
User Settings - check the relevant check boxes to enable:
• Anonymous viewer login - allows any viewer direct access to the Live View page.
• Maximum number of simultaneous viewers - enter a value here to restrict the number of unicast viewers
accessing the unit. This is useful if you need to save on bandwidth. (Note that all multicast viewers count as
1 viewer.)
IP Address Filtering
Checking the Enable IP address filtering box enables the IP address filtering function, whereby the IP addresses
in the list of filtered addresses will be allowed or denied access to the AXIS 223M.
Up to 256 IP address entries may be specified (a single entry can contain multiple IP addresses). All other IP
addresses not in this list will be allowed or denied access accordingly, i.e. if the addresses in the list are allowed,
then all others are denied access, and vice versa. Click the Add button to add new filtered addresses. See also the
online help for more information.
Note that users from IP addresses that will be allowed must also be registered as users, which is done from Setup
> Security > Users.
Referrals
To prevent unauthorized clients from including the video stream from the cameras into external Web pages,
check the Referrals checkbox and enter the IP address or Host name of the computer that hosts the Web pages
with the included video stream. Several IP addresses/host names can be defined and are separated by
semicolons (;). This option is only applicable to Motion JPEG video streams.
Notes: If the referrals feature is enabled and you wish to also allow normal access to the Live View page, the product's own IP address or host
name must be added to the list of allowed referrers.
Restricting referrers has no effect on an MPEG-4 video stream. To restrict an MPEG-4 stream, IP address filtering must be enabled.
Restricting referrers is of greatest value when not using IP address filtering. If IP address filtering is used, then the allowed referrers
are automatically restricted to those allowed IP addresses.
HTTPS
The AXIS 223M supports encrypted browsing using HTTPS.
A self-signed certificate can be used until a Certificate Authority-issued certificate has been obtained. Click the
Create self-signed Certificate button to install a self-signed certificate. Although self-signed certificates are free
and offer some protection, true security will only be implemented after the installation of a signed certificate
issued by a certificate authority.
26
AXIS 223M - System Options
A signed certificate can be obtained from an issuing Certificate Authority by clicking the Create Certificate
Request button. When the signed certificate is returned, click the Install signed certificate button to import the
certificate. The properties of any certificate request currently resident in the camera or installed can also be
viewed by clicking the Properties... button. The HTTPS Connection Policy must also be set in the drop-down
lists to enable HTTPS in the camera. For more information, please refer to the online help.
802.1x - Network Admission Control
IEEE 802.1x is an IEEE standard for port-based Network Admission Control. It provides authentication to
devices attached to a network port (wired or wireless), establishing a point-to-point connection, or, if
authentication fails, preventing access on that port. 802.1x is based on EAP (Extensible Authentication
Protocol).
In a 802.1x enabled network switch, clients equipped with the correct software can be authenticated and
allowed or denied network access at the Ethernet level.
Clients and servers in an 802.1x network may need to authenticate each other by some means. In the Axis
implementation this is done with the help of digital certificates provided by a Certification Authority. These are
then validated by a third-party entity, such as a RADIUS server, examples of which are Free Radius and
Microsoft Internet Authentication Service.
To perform the authentication, the RADIUS server uses various EAP methods/protocols, of which there are
many. The one used in the Axis implementation is EAP-TLS (EAP-Transport Layer Security).
The AXIS network video device presents its certificate to the network switch, which in turn forwards this to the
RADIUS server. The RADIUS server validates or rejects the certificate and responds to the switch, and sends its
own certificate to the client for validation. The switch then allows or denies network access accordingly, on a
preconfigured port.
The authentication process
1. A CA server provides the required signed certificates.
2. The Axis video device requests access to the protected network at the network switch. The switch
forwards the video device’s CA certificate to the RADIUS server, which then replies to the switch.
3. The switch forwards the RADIUS server’s CA certificate to the video device, which also replies to the
switch.
4. The switch keeps track of all responses to the validation requests. If all certificates are validated, the
Axis video device is allowed access to the protected network via a preconfigured port.
RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial In User Service) - AAA (Authentication, Authorization and Accounting)
protocol for applications such as network access or IP mobility. It is intended to work in both local and roaming
situations.
CA servers - In cryptography, a Certification Authority (CA) is an entity that provides signed digital certificates
for use by other parties, thus acting a trusted third party. There are many commercial CA’s that charge for their
services. Institutions and governments may have their own CA, and there are free CA’s available.
Date & Time
Current Server Time - displays the current date and time (24h clock). The time can be displayed in 12h clock
format in the Overlay (see below).
New Server Time - Select your time zone from the drop-down list. If you want the server clock to automatically
adjust for daylight savings time, select the Automatically adjust for daylight saving time changes.
From the Time Mode section, select the preferred method to use for setting the time:
• Synchronize with computer time - sets the time from the clock on your computer.
• Synchronize with NTP Server - the camera will obtain the time from an NTP server every 60 minutes.
• Set manually - this option allows you to manually set the time and date.
27
AXIS 223M - System Options
Date & Time Format Used in Images - specify the formats for the date and time (12h or 24h) displayed in the
video streams.
Use the predefined formats or use your own custom date and time formats. See Advanced File Naming &
for information on how to create your own file formats.
Date/Time Formats in the online help
Network - Basic TCP/IP Settings
IP Address Configuration
The AXIS 223M supports both IP version 4 and IP version 6. Both versions may be enabled simultaneously, and
at least one version must always be enabled.
When using IPv4, the IP address for the AXIS 223M can be set automatically via DHCP, or a static IP address
can be set manually.
If IPv6 is enabled, the AXIS 223M will receive an IP address according to the configuration in the network
router.
There are also options for setting up notification of changes in the IP address, and for using the AXIS Internet
Dynamic DNS Service. For more information on setting the IP address, please see the online help.
Notes:
•DHCP is a protocol for automatic IP address assignment on a network. IP address assignment via DHCP may lead to the
situation where the IP address changes and you lose contact with the camera. Configure the options for notification of IP
address change (under Services) to receive notification from the camera when the IP address changes.
•Alternatively, if your DHCP server can update a DNS server, you can access the AXIS 223M by host name which is always
the same, regardless of the IP address.
Services
Enable ARP/Ping setting of IP address - The IP address can be set using the ARP/Ping method, which associates
the unit's MAC address with an IP address. Check this box to enable the service. Leave disabled to prevent
unintentional resetting of the IP address.
Notes:
•The ARP/Ping service is automatically disabled 2 minutes after the unit is started, or as soon as an IP address is set.
•Pinging the unit will still be possible when this service is disabled.
Options for notification of IP address change - If the IP address for the camera changes, e.g. automatically by
DHCP, you can choose to be notified of the change. Click Settings... and enter the required information.
AXIS Internet Dynamic DNS Service - Use the AXIS Internet Dynamic DNS service to assign a host name for
easy access to your AXIS 223M Network Camera (requires Internet access).
Click Settings... to register the AXIS 223M with the Axis Internet Dynamic DNS service, or to modify the
existing settings (requires access to the Internet). The domain name currently registered at the Axis Internet
Dynamic DNS service for your product can at any time be removed.
For more information, please refer to the online help.
Network - Advanced TCP/IP Settings
DNS Configuration
DNS (Domain Name Service) provides the translation of host names to IP addresses on your network.
Obtain DNS server address via DHCP - automatically use the DNS server settings provided by the DHCP server.
Click the View button to see the current settings.
Use the following DNS server address - enter the desired DNS server by specifying the following:
28
AXIS 223M - System Options
Domain name - enter the domain(s) to search for the host name used by the AXIS 223M. Multiple domains can
be separated by semicolons (;). The host name is always the first part of a Fully Qualified Domain Name, e.g.
myserver is the host name in the Fully Qualified Domain Name myserver.mycompany.com where
mycompany.com is the Domain name.
DNS servers - enter the IP addresses of the primary and secondary DNS servers.
NTP Configuration
Obtain NTP server address via DHCP - check this radio button to automatically look up and use the NTP server
settings as provided by DHCP. Click the View button to see the current settings.
Use the following NTP server address - to make manual settings, check this radio button and enter the host
name or IP address of the NTP server.
Note: If using a host name for the NTP server, a DNS server must be configured under TCP/IP settings. See Network > TCP/IP below.
Host Name Configuration
The AXIS 223M can be accessed using a host name, instead of an IP address. The host name is usually the same
as the assigned DNS Name. For more information, please see the online help.
Link-Local IPv4 Address
This is enabled by default and assigns the AXIS 223M an additional IP address for use with UPnP™. The AXIS
223M can have both a Link-Local IP and a static/DHCP-supplied IP address at the same time - these will not
affect each other.
HTTP
The default HTTP port number (80) can be changed to any port within the range 1024-65535. This is useful for
e.g. simple security port mapping.
HTTPS
If applicable, enter the HTTPS port the AXIS 223M will use. The default setting (443) can be changed to any port
within the range 1024-65535. HTTPS is used to provide encrypted web browsing.
NAT traversal (port mapping)
A broadband router allows devices on a private network (LAN) to share a single connection to the Internet. This
is done by forwarding network traffic from the private network to the “outside” i.e. the Internet. Security on the
private network (LAN) is increased since most broadband routers are pre-configured to stop any attempts to
access the private network (LAN) from the public network/Internet.
Use NAT traversal when your AXIS 223M is located on an intranet (LAN) and you wish to make it available
from the other (WAN) side of a NAT router. With NAT traversal properly configured, all HTTP traffic to an
external HTTP port in the NAT router will be forwarded to the camera.
LAN (intranet)
WAN (internet)
Broadband
(NAT)
router
Notes:
ISP
•
For NAT traversal to work, this must also be supported by the broadband router.
•
The broadband router has many different names: “NAT router”, “Network router“, Internet Gateway”, “Broadband
sharing device” or “Home firewall” but the essential purpose of the device is the same.
29
AXIS 223M - System Options
Enable/Disable - When enabled, the AXIS 223M will attempt to configure port mapping in a NAT router on
your network, using UPnP™. Note that UPnP™ must be enabled in the camera (see System Options > Network >
UPnP).
AXIS Internet Dynamic DNS Service - Use this free service to assign a host name (user-friendly name) for easy
access to your camera. If the IP address of the camera or NAT router changes, the AXIS Internet Dynamic DNS
Service will automatically be updated with the new IP address.
Use manually selected NAT router - Select this option to manually select a NAT router and enter the IP address
for the router in the field provided.
If a router is not manually specified, the AXIS 223M will automatically search for NAT routers on your network.
If more than one router is found, the default router will be selected.
Alternative HTTP port - Select this option to manually define an external HTTP port. Enter the port number in
the field provided. If no port is entered here a port number will automatically be selected when NAT traversal is
enabled.
Notes:
•An alternative HTTP port can be used/be active even if NAT traversal is disabled. This is useful if e.g. your NAT router does
not support UPnP and you need to manually configure port forwarding in the NAT router.
•If a manually selected port is already in use, another will automatically be selected.
•When the port is selected automatically it will be displayed in this field. This can be changed by entering a new port
number and clicking Save.
FTP
The FTP server running in the AXIS 223M enables the upload of e.g. new firmware, user applications, etc. Check
the box to enable the service.
RTSP
The RTSP protocol allows a connecting client to start an MPEG-4 stream. Check the box to enable the service
and enter the RTSP port number to use. The default setting (554) can be changed to any port within the range
1024-65535.
Network Traffic
Connection Type - The default setting is Auto-negotiate, which means that the correct speed is automatically
selected. If necessary, you can set the connection speed by selecting it from the drop-down list.
SOCKS
SOCKS is a networking proxy protocol. The AXIS 223M can be configured to use a SOCKS server to reach
networks on the other side of a firewall/proxy server. This functionality is useful if the AXIS 223M is located on
a local network behind a firewall, but notifications, uploads, alarms, etc., need to be sent to a destination outside
the local network (e.g. to the Internet).
QoS (Quality of service)
Quality of Service (QoS) provides the means to guarantee a certain level of a specified resource to selected traffic
on a network. Quality can be defined as e.g. a maintained level of bandwidth, low latency, no packet losses, etc.
The main benefits of a QoS-aware network can be summarized as:
•The ability to prioritize traffic and thus allow critical flows to be served before flows with lesser priority.
•Greater reliability in the network, thanks to the control of the amount of bandwidth an application may use,
and thus control over bandwidth races between applications.
The QoS in Axis network video products marks the data packets for various types of network traffic originating
from the product. This makes it possible for network routers and switches to e.g. reserve a fixed amount of
bandwidth for these types of traffic. The types of traffic marked by the camera are video, audio, event/alarm and
management network traffic.
30
AXIS 223M - System Options
QoS Settings
For each type of network traffic supported by your Axis network video product, enter a DSCP (Differentiated
Services Codepoint) value. This value is used to mark the traffic’s IP header. When the marked traffic reaches a
network router or switch, the DSCP value in the IP header tells the router or switch which type of treatment to
apply to this type of traffic, for example, how much bandwidth to reserve for it.
Note that DSCP values can be entered in decimal or hex form, but saved values are always shown in decimal.
For more information on Quality of Service, please see the Axis support web at www.axis.com/techsup
SMTP (email)
Enter the host names or addresses for your primary and secondary mail servers in the fields provided, to enable
the sending of notifications and image/video email messages from the camera to predefined addresses via SMTP.
If your mail server requires authentication, check the box for Use authentication to log in to this server and
enter the necessary information.
SNMP
The Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) allows remote management of network devices. Depending
on the level of security required, select the version of SNMP to use. The three levels of security are:
• SNMP V1 - includes no security.
• SNMP V2c - uses very simple security. The community name can be specified as a password for read or
read/write access to all supported SNMP objects. The community is the group of network devices using
SNMP.
• SNMP V3 - provides encryption and secure passwords. HTTPS must be enabled.
UPnP™
The camera includes support for UPnP™, which is enabled by default. If also enabled on your computer, the
camera will automatically be detected and a new icon will be added to “My Network Places.”
Note: UPnP must also be enabled on your Windows XP or ME computer. To do this, open the Control Panel from the Start Menu and select
Add/Remove Programs. Select Add/Remove Windows Components and open the Networking Services section. Click Details and
then select UPnP as the service to add.
RTP / MPEG-4
These settings are the port range, IP address, port number (video and audio), and Time-To-Live value to use for
the video stream(s) in multicast MPEG-4 format. Only certain IP addresses and port numbers should be used for
multicast streams. For more information, please see the online help.
Bonjour
The AXIS 223M includes support for Bonjour. When enabled, the camera is automatically detected by operating
systems and clients that support this.
Ports & Devices
I/O Ports - the pinout, interface support and the control and monitoring functions provided by this connector
are described in I/O Terminal Connector, on page 34.
LED Settings
The Network Indicator LED can be enabled or disabled, according to requirements and the Status indicator LED
can be set to flash at a configurable interval (or to not light up at all) whenever the unit is accessed. For a listing
of all LED behavior, see page 6, or the online help.
Note that the Status LED does not flash when the stream is retrieved using MPEG-4 multicast.
31
AXIS 223M - System Options
Maintenance
•Restart - The camera is restarted without changing any of the settings.
•Restore - The unit is restarted and most current settings are reset to factory default values. The settings that
will not be reset are as follows:
• the boot protocol (DHCP or static)
• the static IP address
• the default router
• the subnet mask
•Default - The default button should be used with caution. Pressing this will return all of the camera's settings
to the factory default values (including the IP address).
Upgrade Server - See Upgrading the Firmware, on page 37.
Backup - To take a backup of all of the parameters, and any user-defined scripts, click this button. If necessary,
it will then be possible to return to the previous settings, if settings are changed and there is unexpected
behavior.
Restore - click the Browse button to locate the saved backup file (see above) and then click the Restore button.
The settings will be restored to the previous configuration.
Note: Backup and Restore can only be used on the same unit running the same firmware. This feature is not intended for the configuration
of multiple units or for firmware upgrades.
Support
The support overview page provides valuable information on troubleshooting and contact information, should
you require technical assistance.
System Overview - is a quick look over the camera’s status and settings. Information that can be found here
includes the camera’s Firmware version, IP address, Security, Optional Network Services, Event Settings, Image
settings and Recent log items. Many of the captions are also links to the proper Setup page to conveniently
make adjustments in the camera’s settings.
Logs & Reports - when contacting Axis support, please be sure to provide a valid Server Report with your
query.
View Information - The Log file, the Server Report and the Parameter List all provide valuable information for
troubleshooting and when contacting Axis support.
Configuration
Log Level for Log Files - from the drop-down list, select the level of information to be added to the Log file
Log Level for Email - from the drop-down list, select the level of information to send as email and enter the
destination email address.
Advanced
Scripting is an advanced function that provides the means for customizing and using scripts.
Caution!
The scripting function is a very powerful tool. Improper use may cause unexpected behavior or even loss of
contact with the unit. If a script does cause problems, reset the unit to its factory default settings (in which case,
a previously saved backup file will be useful for returning the unit to its latest configuration). Axis strongly
recommends that you do not use this function unless you fully understand the consequences. Axis support
provides no assistance for customized scripts.
For more information, please visit the Developer pages at www.axis.com/developer
32
AXIS 223M - System Options
Plain Config - this function is for the advanced user with previous experience of configuring Axis cameras. All
parameters can be set and modified from this page. Help is available via the links on the standard setup pages.
Resetting to the Factory Default Settings
To reset the camera to the original factory default settings, go to the System Options > Maintenance web page
(as described in Maintenance, on page 32) or use the Reset button on the rear of the camera (see the illustration
on page 6) as described below:
Using the Reset Button
To reset the camera to the factory default settings using the Reset Button:
1. Disconnect the power adapter, or the network cable if using PoE.
2. Press and hold the Reset button while reconnecting power.
3. Keep the Reset button pressed until the Status Indicator color changes to amber (which may take up to
15 seconds).
4. Release the Reset button.
5. When the Status Indicator changes to Green (which may take up to 1 minute), the process is complete
and the camera has been reset. The unit will now have the default IP address 192.168.0.90
33
AXIS 223M - Unit Connectors
Unit Connectors
This section describes the following:
• The I/O terminal connector
• Power connections
• The RS-232 D-Sub Connector
I/O Terminal Connector
The 10-pin I/O terminal connector provides the interface to a solid state relay output, two digital photo-coupled
inputs, RS-485, GND and auxiliary power.
The terminal connector is used in applications for e.g. motion detection, event triggering, time lapse recording,
alarm notification via e-mail, image storage to FTP locations, etc.
• Input - Used for connecting external alarm devices and triggering images for specific alarm-based
events. The input is typically connected to a motion detector or any other external security device, and
images can be uploaded whenever the detector is activated. Maximum 18V DC is allowed on the input.
• Output - This can drive a maximum load of 50V DC at 100mA directly or heavier loads by connecting
additional relay circuitry. If the output is used with an external relay, a diode must be connected in
parallel with the load for protection against any voltage transients.
Caution!
Reset/Control
Audio out
Connecting AC to
Button
the
Audio in
10-pin I/O terminal connector
inputs/outputs
(including RS-485)
will damage the
unit.
Network connector
Power
connector
block
RS-232 connector
Power adapter
connector
34
Connect AC power (10-24V) on pins 2 and 3
Connect DC power (7-24V) on pins 1 and 2.
AXIS 223M - Unit Connectors
I/O terminal connector pinout table
Pin
Function
Description
1
Output A
2
Output B
On the external device output terminals (A and B), there is no distinction between positive and negative
(+ and -). The terminals use a photocoupler and are electrically isolated from the other internal circuitry.
The maximum load should not exceed 100mA and the maximum voltage should be not more than 50V
DC. Note: Connecting AC to the output will damage the unit.
3
Digital Input 1- Photocoupler Anode (+)
4
Digital Input 1 - Photocoupler Cathode (-)
Photocoupled Input 1. Electrically isolated from the chassis and connectors, this input can be supplied
from an external DC voltage or the DC Power Input/Output on pins 9 (DC+) and 10 (GND).
5
Digital Input 2 - Photocoupler Anode (+)
Photocoupled Input 2. As above.
6
Digital Input 2 - Photocoupler Cathode (-)
7
RS-485-A (non-inverting)
8
RS-485-B (inverting)
9
DC + Power Output
This can drive the photocoupler inputs or other equipment. The output voltage level is 3.0 V. A maximum
current of 100mA can be sourced from the DC output.
10
GND
Ground.
A half-duplex RS-485 interface for controlling auxiliary equipment.
I/O terminal connector schematic diagram
Example schematic diagram of the AXIS 223M terminal connector - showing possible applications.
o1
o
2
Optional
Relay
Switch
o
o
Appliance
o o
o o
Mains Power
o
o
24V DC
o3
o
Switch, etc.
o4
A
RS-485
B
o5
+
o6
_
o7
o8
Active
Control
Device
External Device
9
+
10
-
Power connections
Power can be supplied to the camera by the following methods:
• The supplied power adapter, PS-K, 9W. The center pin is positive (+).
• Power over Ethernet (PoE) with power classification Class 2, via the network cable. This will automatically be detected if available via the network.
• The power connector block on the rear panel.
Power Connector Block
The power connector block supports both AC and DC input power.
The DC supply is 7-24V. Connect the negative pole to the GND pin and the positive pole to the DC+ pin.
35
AXIS 223M - Unit Connectors
The AC supply is 10-24V. Connect the AC poles to the AC pins.
Power connector block pin assignment table.
Pin
AC
AC
Function
GND
Ground/DC-
AC/DC+
AC and DC+, power input for mains power to unit
AC
AC power input for mains power to unit
DC+
GND
Schematic Diagram - Power Terminal Block and Power Connectors
o
z
Internal
3.3V
z
Switch
Mode
Power
Supply
z
z
z
3
~
z
z
z
z
AC
z
o
2
o
1 GND/DC-
AC/DC+
=
GND
+o
-o
Axis Power Supply
PS-K 9V max 9W or
according to parts list
The RS-232 Connector
The AXIS 223M provides one 9-pin D-sub connector, providing the physical interface for an RS-232 port, used for
connecting accessory equipment.
A diagram of the RS-232 connector, complete with pin assignment table, is shown below.
Pin
Function
1
CD
2
- RXD
3
- TXD
4
DTR
5
GND
6
DSR
7
RTS
8
CTS
9
RI
1
2
6
36
3
7
4
8
5
9
AXIS 223M - Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
Checking the Firmware
Firmware is software that determines the functionality of the AXIS 223M. One of your first actions when
troubleshooting a problem should be to check the currently installed firmware version. The latest version may
contain a correction that fixes your particular problem. The current firmware version in your camera can be
seen on the page Setup > Basic Configuration.
Upgrading the Firmware
When you upgrade the firmware with a file from the Axis Web site, your Axis camera will receive the latest
available functionality. Always read the upgrade instructions and release notes available with each new release,
before updating the firmware.
Note: Preconfigured and customized settings will be saved when the firmware is upgraded (providing the features are available in the new
firmware) although this is not guaranteed by Axis Communications.
1. Save the firmware file to your computer. The latest version of the firmware is available free of charge
from the Axis Web site at www.axis.com/techsup
2. Go to Setup > System Options > Maintenance in the camera’s Web pages.
3. In the Upgrade Server section, browse to the desired firmware file on your computer. Click Upgrade.
Notes:
•After starting the upgrade process, always wait at least 5-10 minutes before restarting the camera, even if you suspect
the upgrade has failed.
•Your dealer reserves the right to charge for any repair attributable to faulty upgrading by the user.
•Always read the upgrade instructions available with each new release, before updating the firmware.
Emergency Recovery Procedure
If power to the camera is lost during the upgrade, the process will fail and the unit will become unresponsive. A
flashing red Status LED indicates a failed upgrade. To recover the unit, follow the steps below. The serial number
is found on the label attached to the bottom of the camera.
1. Unix/Linux - From the command line, type the following:
arp -s <IP address of camera> <Serial number> temp
ping -s 408 <IP address of camera>
Windows - From a command/DOS prompt, type the following:
arp -s <IP address of camera> <Serial number>
ping -l 408 -t <IP address of camera>
2. If the unit does not reply within a few seconds, restart it and wait for a reply. Press CTRL+C to stop Ping.
3. Open a browser and type in the camera’s IP address. In the page that appears, use the Browse button to
select the upgrade file to use, e.g. axis223m.bin. Then click the Load button to restart the upgrade process.
4. After the upgrade has completed (1-10 minutes), the unit will automatically restart and show a steady green
on the Power and Status LEDs and flashing green or amber on the Network LED.
37
AXIS 223M - Troubleshooting
5. Reinstall the camera.
If the emergency recovery procedure does not get the camera up and running again, please contact Axis support
at www.axis.com/techsup/
Axis Support
If you contact Axis support, please help us to help you solve your problems, by providing the server report, the
log file and a brief description of the problem.
Server Report - go to Setup > System Options > Support Overview. The server report contains important
information about the server and its software, as well as a list of the current parameters.
The Log file is available from Setup > System Options > Logs & Reports. The Log file records events in the unit
since the last system restart and can be a useful diagnostic tool when troubleshooting.
Symptoms, Possible Causes and Remedial Actions
Problems setting the IP address
When using ARP/Ping.
Try the installation again. The IP address must be set within two minutes after running
the ARP command. Ensure the Ping length is set to 408.
The camera is located on a different
subnet.
If the IP address intended for the camera and the IP address of your computer are
located on different subnets, you will not be able to set the IP address. Contact your
network administrator to obtain an appropriate IP address.
The IP address is being used by another Disconnect the camera from the network. Run the Ping command. (In a Command/DOS
device.
window, type ping and the IP address of the unit).
If you receive: Reply from <IP address>: bytes = 32; time = 10 ms..... - this means
that the IP address is already in use on your network. You must obtain a new IP address
and reinstall the unit.
If you see: Request timed out - this means that the IP address is available for use with
your camera. In this case, check all cabling and reinstall the unit.
Possible IP address conflict with
another device on the same subnet.
The static IP address in the camera is used before the DHCP server sets a a dynamic
address. This means that if the same default static IP address is also used by another
device, there may be problems accessing the camera. To avoid this, set the static IP
address to 0.0.0.0.
The camera cannot be accessed from a Web browser
The IP address has been changed by
DHCP.
1) Move the camera to an isolated network, or to one with no DHCP or BOOTP server.
Set the IP address again, using the AXIS IP Utility (see the Installation Guide) or the
ARP/Ping commands.
2) Access the unit and disable DHCP in the TCP/IP settings. Return the unit to the main
network. The unit now has a fixed IP address that will not change.
3) As an alternative to 2), if dynamic IP address via DHCP or BOOTP is required, select
the required service and then configure IP address change notification from the network settings. Return the unit to the main network. The unit will now have a dynamic
IP address, but will notify you if the address changes.
Proxy server.
If using a proxy server, try disabling the proxy setting in your browser.
Other networking problems.
Test the network cable and connectors by connecting it to another network device,
then Ping that device from your workstation. See the instructions above.
Cannot log in.
When HTTPS is enabled, ensure that the correct protocol (HTTP or HTTPS) is used when
attempting to log in. You may need to manually type in http or https in the browser's
address bar.
Incorrect host name.
Check that the host name and DNS server settings are correct. See the basic and
advanced TCP/IP settings.
Cannot send notifications, uploads, alarms, etc, to a destination outside the local network
Firewall protection.
The camera can be configured to use a SOCKS server to reach networks on the other
side of a firewall/proxy server.
Your camera is accessible locally, but not externally
Firewall protection.
Check the Internet firewall with your system administrator.
Default routers required.
Check if you need to configure the default router settings.
Poor or intermittent network connection.
Network switch.
If using a network switch, check that the port on that device uses the same setting for
the network connection type (speed/duplex) as set in the advanced TCP/IP settings.
The Auto-Negotiate setting is recommended.
38
AXIS 223M - Troubleshooting
Video/Image problems - general
No images in browser
(Internet Explorer for Windows only)
To enable the updating of video images in Microsoft Internet Explorer, set your browser
to allow ActiveX controls. Also, make sure that AXIS Media Control (AMC) component
is installed on your workstation.
Installation of additional ActiveX com- Configure your camera to use a Java applet for updating the video images under
ponent restricted or prohibited.
Live View Config > Layout > Default Viewer for Internet Explorer. See the online help
for more information.
Image too dark or too light.
Check the video image settings. See the online help on Video and Image Settings.
Missing images in uploads.
This can occur when trying to use a larger image buffer than is actually available. Try
lowering the frame rate or the upload period.
Slow image update.
Configuring, e.g. pre-buffers, motion detection, high-resolution images, high frame
rates, etc, will reduce the performance of the camera.
Poor performance.
Poor performance may be caused by e.g. heavy network traffic, multiple users accessing
the unit, low performance clients, use of features such as Motion Detection, Event handling, Image rotation other than 180 degrees.
Image gradually gets darker or lighter.
When using the camera in locations lit by fluorescent lighting, check in the advanced
image settings that the Exposure control is set to Flicker-free.
Image loses focus often.
Disable the DC-Iris lens in the settings for Video & Image > Advanced. Focus the camera following the instructions on page 8, and then enable the DC-Iris lens.
Images only shown in black & white.
Check the color level setting.
Check the setting for the IR cut filter. Images are shown in color only when this filter is
enabled, i.e. when set to yes or auto.
Blurred images.
Refocus the camera. Check in the Video & Image > Advanced - Camera Settings that
DC-Iris is set to Enabled. If the images are still blurred adjust the metal ring until the
image is sharp, see Removing and attaching the lens, on page 41.
Rolling dark bands or flickering in
image.
Try adjusting the Flicker-free exposure setting under advanced image settings. Note
that the 'Hold Current'/Manual setting may cause unwanted effects.
Video/image problems - MPEG-4
Lower frame rate than expected.
Check with the administrator that there is enough bandwidth available. Check also the
settings for bit rate control, in the Video & Image > Advanced > MPEG-4 settings.
Using an inappropriate video object type can also affect the frame rate. See the online
help for more information.
Check in the AMC control panel applet (MPEG-4 tab) that video processing is not set to
Decode only I frames.
Lower the image resolution.
Reduce the number of applications running on the client computer.
No MPEG-4 displayed in the
client.
Check that the correct network interface is selected in the AMC control panel applet
(network tab).
Check that the relevant MPEG-4 connection methods are enabled in the AMC control
panel applet (network tab).
In the AMC control applet, select the MPEG-4 tab and click the button Set to default
MPEG-4 decoder.
No multicast MPEG-4 displayed in the
client.
Check with your network administrator that the multicast addresses used by the
AXIS 223M are valid for your network.
Multicast MPEG-4 only accessible by
local clients.
Check if your router supports multicasting, or if the router settings between the client
and the server need to be configured. The TTL (Time To Live) value may need to be
increased.
Poor rendering of MPEG-4 images.
Color depth set incorrectly on clients. Set to 16-bit or 32-bit color.
If text overlays are blurred, or if there are other rendering problems, you may need to
enable Advanced Video Rendering. This is done on the MPEG-4 tab in the AMC control
panel applet.
Ensure that your graphics card is using the latest device driver. The latest drivers can
usually be downloaded from the manufacturer's web site.
If images are degrading, try decreasing the GOV length, see Advanced Settings, on
page 16.
Color saturation is different in MPEG-4 Modify the settings for your graphics adapter. Please see the adapter's documentation
and Motion JPEG.
for more information.
The test image does not display as expected.
Image settings.
Not all settings have an effect on the test image. For more information, see the help on
Image Settings.
The Power indicator is not constantly lit
Faulty power supply.
Check that you are using an AXIS PS-K power supply.
39
AXIS 223M - Troubleshooting
The Status and Network indicator LEDs are flashing red rapidly
Hardware failure.
Contact your Axis dealer.
The Status indicator LED is flashing red and the camera is inaccessible
A firmware upgrade has been interrupted or the firmware has otherwise
been damaged.
See the Emergency Recovery Procedure above.
Poor quality snapshot images
Screen incorrectly configured on your
workstation.
In Display Properties, configure your screen to show at least 65000 colors, i.e. at least
16-bit. Using only 16 or 256 colors will produce dithering artifacts in the image.
Browser freezes
Safari or Mozilla 1.4 (or later) can
Lower the image resolution.
sometimes freeze on a slow computer.
Problems uploading files
Limited space.
There is only limited space available for the upload of your own files. Try deleting one
or more existing files, to free up space.
Missing images in uploads.
This can occur when trying to use a larger image buffer than is actually available. Try
lowering the frame rate or the upload period.
Overlay is not displayed
Incorrect size or location of overlay.
The overlay may have been positioned incorrectly. Refer to the online help for information on the limitations when using image overlays and privacy masks.
Motion Detection triggers unexpectedly
Changes in luminance.
Motion detection is based upon changes in luminance in the image. This means that if
there are sudden changes in the lighting, motion detection may be mistakenly triggered. Lower the sensitivity setting to avoid problems with luminance.
For additional assistance, please contact your reseller or see the support pages on the Axis Website at
www.axis.com/techsup
40
AXIS 223M - Replacing the lens
Replacing the lens
If the lens on the AXIS 223M needs to be replaced or if the camera was supplied without a lens, a new lens can
be fitted quickly and easily. As the AXIS 223M is designed with a C-mount, the lens supplied with your product
can be replaced with any standard C or CS lens.
Note: Although the lens supplied with your product can be directly replaced with any C-type lens, a CS-type lens must be installed with an
adapter for it to work with your AXIS 223M. An adapter effectively moves the lens 5mm closer to the camera.
Removing and attaching the lens
1. Disconnect the power supply to the AXIS 223M.
Metal ring
2. Disconnect the DC-Iris cable.
3. Unscrew the lens by turning it anti-clockwise.
Zoom puller
(Tele/wide)
Focus puller
4. CS-lens only: Attach the new lens to the supplied
CS-adapter.
5. Screw on the new lens until it is tight against the metal ring
at the back.
6. Attach the DC-Iris cable to the camera and reconnect the
power supply.
DC-Iris control cable
7. To focus the new lens, see Focusing, on page 8.
Note: In the unlikely case that the camera images are still blurred after focusing the lens, loosen the screw on the underside of the camera
that holds the metal ring in place. Turn the metal ring in small increments until a sharp image is obtained. Tighten the screw on the
underside of the camera.
41
AXIS 223M - Technical Specifications
Technical Specifications
Item
Specification
Image sensor
1/2.7” Sony Wfine progressive scan RGB CCD
Lens
Computar HG2Z0414FC-MP-12, F1.4 varifocal 4.0 –8.0 mm, DC-iris, C-mount.
Horizontal viewing angle: 38°-72°, focus range: 0.5 m to infinity. The camera can be used with C or CS mount lens.
Minimum
illumination
Color mode: 1.5 lux, F1.4
Black/white mode: 0.2 lux, F1.4
Video compression
Motion JPEG
MPEG-4 Part 2 (ISO/IEC 14496-2), Profiles: ASP and SP
Resolutions
Motion JPEG: 29 resolutions from 1600x1200 to 160x120 via API, 18 selections via configuration web page
MPEG-4: 16 resolutions from 640x480 to 160x120 via API, 10 selections via configuration web page
Frame rate
Motion JPEG: Up to 12 fps at 1600x900 (16:9 resolutions), Up to 9 fps at 1600x1200 (4:3 resolutions)
MPEG-4: Up to 12 fps at 640x360 (16:9 resolutions), Up to 9 fps at 640x480 (4:3 resolutions)
Video streaming
Simultaneous Motion JPEG and MPEG-4
Controllable frame rate and bandwidth
Constant and variable bit rate (MPEG-4)
Image settings
Compression levels: 11 (Motion JPEG)/23 (MPEG-4)
Rotation: 90º, 180º, 270º
Configurable color level, brightness, sharpness, contrast, white balance, exposure control, exposure area, backlight
compensation, fine tuning of behavior at low light
Overlay capabilities: time, date, text, privacy mask or image
Shutter time
2 sec to 1/8000 sec.
Audio
Audio compression:
Audio in: AAC LC 8/16 kHz sampling frequency, 8-64 kbit/s,
G.711 PCM, 8 kHz, 64 kbit/s, G.726 ADPCM, 8 kHz 32 or 24 kbit/s
Audio out: G.711 PCM 64 kbit/s, G.726 ADPCM 32 or 24 kbit/s
Half duplex, simplex or audio off
Audio alarm at a configurable detection level
Security
Multiple user access levels with password protection, IP address filtering, HTTPS encryption,
Network control IEEE 802.1x
Users
20 simultaneous users
Unlimited number of users using multicast (MPEG-4)
Alarm and event
management
Events triggered by multi-window video motion detection, external inputs or according to a schedule
Image upload over FTP, email and HTTP, pre- and post alarm buffer of 36 MB (200 images or more, in full 1600x1200
resolution)
Notification over TCP, email, HTTP and external output
Connectors
RJ-45 for Ethernet 10BaseT/100BaseTX
Mini DC power jack
Terminal blocks for 2 alarm inputs, 1 output, RS-485/422 half duplex port and alternative power connection
D-sub for RS-232 port
3.5 mm jack for Mic in (max 80 mVpp) or Line mono input (max 6.4 Vpp), 3.5 mm jack for Line mono output (max 1.3
Vpp) to active speaker
Casing
Aluminum casing
Processors, memory,
clock
CPU: ETRAX FS 32bit
Video processing and compression: ARTPEC-2
RAM: 64 MB, Flash: 8 MB
Battery backed-up real-time clock
Power
7-24 V DC, max 6 W
10-24 V AC, max 8 VA
Power over Ethernet (IEEE 802.3af) with power classification according to Class 2
Operating conditions
0 - 50 °C (32 - 122 °F)
Humidity 20 - 80% RH (non-condensing)
Temperature warning
Warning issued when temperature is below or above limits
Installation,
management and
maintenance
AXIS Camera Management tool on CD and web-based configuration
Configuration of backup and restore
Firmware upgrades over HTTP or FTP, firmware available at www.axis.com
42
AXIS 223M - Technical Specifications
Item
Specification
Video access from
Web browser
Camera live view, Video recording to file (ASF), Sequence tour for up to 20 Axis video sources
Customizable HTML pages
Minimum web
browsing
requirements
Pentium III CPU 500 MHz or higher, or equivalent AMD
128 MB RAM
AGP graphic card, Direct Draw, 32 MB RAM
Windows XP, 2000, Server 2003, DirectX 9.0 or later
Internet Explorer 6.0 or later
For other operating systems and browsers see www.axis.com/techsup
System integration
support
Powerful API for software integration available at www.axis.com, including AXIS VAPIX API, AXIS Media Control SDK,
event trigger data in video stream, embedded scripting and access to serial port peripherals over TCP. Quality of Service
(QoS) Layer 3, DiffServ Model.
Watchdog secures continuous operation, monitored by other systems via event notification. Embedded operating
system: Linux 2.6
Supported protocols
IPv4/v6, HTTP, HTTPS, SSL/TLS*, TCP, ICMP, SNMPv1/v2c/v3 (MIB-II), RTSP, RTP, UDP, IGMP, RTCP, SMTP, FTP, DHCP,
UPnP, ARP, DNS, DynDNS, SOCKS, NTP etc.
More information on protocol usage available at www.axis.com
* This product includes software developed by the Open SSL Project for use in the Open SSL Tool kit (www.openssl.org)
Video management
software
(not included)
AXIS Camera Station - Surveillance application for viewing, recording and archiving up to 25 cameras
See www.axis.com/partner/adp_partners.htm for more software applications via partners
Accessories
(included)
Installation Guide, CD with User’s Manual, demo software, installation and management tools, mounting and connector
kits, power supply PS-K 9 V DC, mount ring for alternative CS mount lens, MPEG-4 licenses (1 encoder, 1 decoder),
MPEG-4 decoder (Windows)
Accessories
(not included)
Housings for installation outdoors or in adverse indoor environments
IR illuminators for discreet lighting and improved image quality in low-light situations
Approvals
EN55022 Class B
EN55024
EN61000-3-2
EN61000-3-3
EN61000-6-1
EN61000-6-2
FCC Part 15 Subpart B Class B,
VCCI Class B
C-tick AS/NZS CISPR22:2002
ICES-003 Class B
EN60950-1
Power supply: UL, cUL
Metrics
49 x 88 x 200 mm (1.9” x 3.5” x 7.9”)
620 g (21.9 oz) excl. power supply
43
AXIS 223M - Technical Specifications
General performance considerations
When setting up your system, it is important to consider how various settings and situations will affect
performance. Some factors affect the amount of bandwidth (the bit rate) required, others can affect the frame
rate, and some will affect both. If the load on the CPU reaches its maximum, this will also affect the frame rate.
The following factors are among the most important to consider:
• High image resolutions and/or lower compression levels result in larger images. Bandwidth affected.
• Access by large numbers of Motion JPEG and/or unicast MPEG-4 clients. Bandwidth affected.
• Simultaneous viewing of different streams (resolution, compression, etc.) by different clients. Frame
rate and bandwidth affected.
• Accessing both Motion JPEG and MPEG-4 video streams simultaneously. Frame rate and bandwidth
affected.
• Heavy usage of event settings affects the camera’s CPU load. Frame rate affected.
• Enabled motion detection. Frame rate and bandwidth affected.
• Heavy network utilization due to poor infrastructure. Bandwidth affected
• Viewing on poorly performing client PC’s lowers perceived performance. Frame rate affected.
Optimizing your system
To see the bandwidth and frame rate currently required by the video stream, the AXIS 223M provides a tool that
can be used to display these values directly in the video image.
To do this, special format strings are added as part of a text overlay.
Simply add #r (average frame rate in fps) and/or #b (average bandwidth
in kbps) to the overlay.
For detailed instructions, please see the online help for Video & Image >
Overlay Settings, and the help for File Naming & Date/Time Formats.
44
AXIS 223M - Technical Specifications
Frame rates - Motion JPEG and MPEG-4
Typical frame rates in frames/second (fps) for Motion JPEG and MPEG-4 video streams from the AXIS 223M,
specified with the parameter settings listed below. Note that these values are guidelines only - actual values may
vary.
• Normal 4:3 - 9 fps
• Widescreen 16:9 - 12 fps
Motion JPEG settings:
• Viewing in AMC
• Compression level = 30%
MPEG-4 settings:
•
•
•
•
•
Viewing in AMC
Compression level = 30%
Video Object Type = Advanced Simple
GOV length = 8
GOV structure = IP*
*Note that setting the GOV structure to use “I-frames only” will increase the frame rate at the expense of the bit rate.
Important!
•The figures displayed here are the values as delivered by the camera. If other restrictions are currently in force, (e.g. bandwidth limitation) these values might not correspond to those actually received by the client.
•For Motion JPEG, these values will only be accurate as long as no frame rate limit has been specified.
Bandwidth
As there are many factors that affect bandwidth, it is very difficult to predict the required amounts. The settings
that affect bandwidth are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
image resolution
image compression
frame rate
MPEG-4 object type
MPEG-4 GOV structure
maximum exposure time
audio
There are also factors in the monitored scene that will affect the bandwidth. These are:
• amount of motion
• image’s complexity
• lighting conditions.
For MPEG-4, if there is only limited bandwidth available, and if this is more important than the image quality,
using a constant bit rate (CBR) is recommended. Use a variable bit rate (VBR) if the image quality needs to be
maintained at a higher level. If supported on the network, consider also using MPEG-4 multicasting, as the
bandwidth consumption will be much lower.
45
AXIS 223M - Glossary of Terms
Glossary of Terms
CGI (Common Gateway Interface) - A specification for communication
between a web server and other (CGI) programs. For example, a HTML
page that contains a form might use a CGI program to process the form
data once it is submitted.
802.1x - An IEEE standard for port-based Network Admission Control.
It provides authentication to devices attached to a network port (wired
or wireless), establishing a point-to-point connection, or, if
authentication fails, preventing access on that port. 802.1x is based on
EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol).
CIF (Common Intermediate Format) - CIF refers to the analog video
resolutions 352x288 pixels (PAL) and 352x240 pixels (NTSC). See also
Resolution.
Client/Server - Client/server describes the relationship between two
computer programs in which one program, the client, makes a service
request from another program, the server, which fulfils the request.
Typically, multiple client programs share the services of a common
server program. A web browser is a client program that requests services
(the sending of web pages or files) from a web server.
ActiveX - A standard that enables software components to interact with
one another in a networked environment, regardless of the language(s)
used to create them. Web browsers may come into contact with ActiveX
controls, ActiveX documents, and ActiveX scripts. ActiveX controls are
often downloaded and installed automatically as required.
AF (Autofocus) - A system by which the camera lens automatically
focuses on a selected part of the subject.
CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) - A CMOS is a
widely used type of semiconductor that uses both negative and positive
circuits. Since only one of the circuit types is on at any given time,
CMOS chips require less power than chips using just one type of
transistor. CMOS image sensors also allow processing circuits to be
included on the same chip, an advantage not possible with CCD sensors,
which are also much more expensive to produce.
Angle - The field of view, relative to a standard lens in a 35mm still
camera, expressed in degrees, e.g. 30°. For practical purposes, this is the
area that a lens can cover, where the angle of view is determined by the
focal length of the lens. A wide-angle lens has a short focal length and
covers a wider angle of view than standard or telephoto lenses, which
have longer focal lengths.
ARTPEC (Axis Real Time Picture Encoder) - This chip is used for image
compression.
Codec - In communications engineering, a codec is usually a
coder/decoder. Codecs are used in integrated circuits or chips that
convert e.g. analog video and audio signals into a digital format for
transmission. The codec also converts received digital signals back into
analog format. A codec uses analog-to-digital conversion and
digital-to-analog conversion in the same chip.
ASIC (Application Specific Integrated Circuit) - A circuit designed for
a specific application, as opposed to a general purpose circuit, such as a
microprocessor.
Codec can also mean compression/decompression, in which case it is
generally taken to mean an algorithm or computer program for reducing
the size of large files and programs.
Aspect ratio - A ratio of width to height in images. A common aspect
ratio used for television screens and computer monitors is 4:3.
High-definition television (HDTV) uses an aspect ratio of 9:16.
Compression - See Image Compression.
Autoiris (or DC-Iris) - This special type of iris is electrically controlled
by the camera, to automatically regulate the amount of light allowed to
enter.
DC-Iris - This special type of iris is electrically controlled by the
camera, to automatically regulate the amount of light allowed to enter.
ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) - This protocol is used to associate
an IP address to a hardware MAC address. A request is broadcast on the
local network to discover the MAC address for an IP address.
Contrast - Defines the degree of difference between the lightest and
darkest parts of an image or video stream.
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) - DHCP is a protocol
that lets network administrators automate and centrally manage the
assignment of Internet Protocol (IP) addresses to network devices in a
network.
AVI (Audio Video Interleave) - A video format that supports
simultaneous playback of audio and video.
Bitmap - A bitmap is a data file representing a rectangular grid of
pixels. It defines a display space and color for each pixel (or "bit") in the
display space. This type of image is known as a "raster graphic." GIF's
and JPEG's are examples of image file types that contain bitmaps.
DHCP uses the concept of a "lease" or amount of time that a given IP
address will be valid for a computer. The lease time can vary, depending
on how long a user is likely to require the network connection at a
particular location.
Because a bitmap uses this fixed raster method, it cannot easily be
rescaled without losing definition. Conversely, a vector graphic image
uses geometrical shapes to represent the image, and can thus be quickly
rescaled.
DHCP also supports static addresses for e.g. computers running web
servers, which need a permanent IP address.
DNS (Domain Name System) - DNS is used to locate and translate
Internet domain names into IP (Internet Protocol) addresses. A domain
name is a meaningful and easy-to-remember name for an Internet
address. For example the domain name www.example.com is much
easier to remember than 192.0.34.166. The translation tables for domain
names are contained in Domain name servers.
Bit rate - The bit rate (in kbit/s or Mbit/s) is often referred to as speed,
but actually defines the number of bits/time unit and not distance/time
unit.
Bluetooth - Bluetooth is an open standard for wireless transmission of
AXIS
COMMUNICATIONS
voice and
data between
mobile
devices
(PCs, handheld computers,
<Product
Name>
Quick
User’s
Guide
telephones and printers).
Domain Server - Domains can also be used by organizations who wish
to centralize the management of their (Windows) computers. Each user
within a domain has an account that usually allows them to log in to
and use any computer in the domain, although restrictions may also
apply. The domain server is the server that authenticates the users on
the network.
Bonjour - Also known as zero-configuration networking, Bonjour
enables devices to automatically discover each other on a network,
without having to enter IP addresses or configure DNS servers. Bonjour
is a trademark of Apple Computer, Inc..
Broadband - In network engineering terms, this describes transmission
methods where two or more signals share the same carrier. In more
popular terminology, broadband is taken to mean high-speed data
transmission.
Duplex - See Full-duplex.
Ethernet - Ethernet is the most widely installed local area network
technology. An Ethernet LAN typically uses special grades of twisted
pair wires. The most commonly installed Ethernet systems are 10BASE-T
and 100BASE-T10, which provide transmission speeds up to 10 Mbps
and 100 Mbps respectively.
CCD (Charged Coupled Device) - This light-sensitive image device used
in many digital cameras is a large integrated circuit that contains
hundreds of thousands of photo-sites (pixels) that convert light energy
into electronic signals. Its size is measured diagonally and can be 1/4",
1/3", 1/2" or 2/3".
ETRAX (Ethernet Token Ring AXIS) - Axis' own microprocessor.
46
AXIS 223M - Glossary of Terms
Factory default settings - These are the settings that originally applied
for a device when it was first delivered from the factory. If it should
become necessary to reset a device to its factory default settings, this
will, for many devices, completely reset any settings that were changed
by the user.
Hub - A (network) hub is used to connect multiple devices to the
network. The hub transmits all data to all devices connected to it,
whereas a switch will only transmit the data to the device it is
specifically intended for.
IEEE 802.11 - A family of standards for wireless LANs. The 802.11
standard supports 1 or 2 Mbit/s transmission on the 2.4 GHz band. IEEE
802.11b specifies an 11 Mbit/s data rate on the 2.4 GHz band, while
802.11a allows up to 54 Mbit/s on the 5 GHz band.
Firewall - A firewall works as a barrier between networks, e.g. between
a Local Area Network and the Internet. The firewall ensures that only
authorized users are allowed to access the one network from the other. A
firewall can be software running on a computer, or it can be a
standalone hardware device.
Image compression - Image compression minimizes the file size (in
bytes) of an image. Two of the most common compressed image formats
are JPEG and GIF.
Focal length - Measured in millimetres, the focal length of a camera
lens determines the width of the horizontal field of view, which in turn
is measured in degrees.
Interlacing - Interlaced video is video captured at 50 pictures (known as
fields) per second, of which every 2 consecutive fields (at half height)
are then combined into 1 frame. Interlacing was developed many years
ago for the analog TV world and is still used widely today. It provides
good results when viewing motion in standard TV pictures, although
there is always some degree of distortion in the image.
FTP (File Transfer Protocol) - An application protocol that uses the
TCP/IP protocols. It is used to exchange files between computers/devices
on networks.
Frame - A frame is a complete video image. In the 2:1 interlaced
scanning format of the RS-170 and CCIR formats, a frame is made up of
two separate fields of 262.5 or 312.5 lines interlaced at 60 or 50 Hz to
form a complete frame, which appears at 30 or 25 Hz. In video cameras
with a progressive scan, each frame is scanned line-by-line and not
interlaced; most are also displayed at 30 and 25 Hz.
To view interlaced video on e.g. a computer monitor, the video must
first be de-interlaced, to produce progressive video, which consists of
complete images, one after the other, at 25 frames per second. See also
Progressive scan.
IP (Internet Protocol) - The Internet Protocol is a method transmitting
data over a network. Data to be sent is divided into individual and
completely independent "packets." Each computer (or host) on the
Internet has at least one address that uniquely identifies it from all
others, and each data packet contains both the sender's address and the
receiver's address.
Frame rate - The frame rate used to describe the frequency at which a
video stream is updated is measured in frames per second (fps). A higher
frame rate is advantageous when there is movement in the video stream,
as it maintains image quality throughout.
Full-duplex - Transmission of data in two directions simultaneously. In
an audio system this would describe e.g. a telephone systems.
Half-duplex also provides bi-directional communication, but only in one
direction at a time, as in a walkie-talkie system. See also Simplex.
The Internet Protocol ensures that the data packets all arrive at the
intended address. As IP is a connectionless protocol, which means that
there is no established connection between the communication
end-points, packets can be sent via different routes and do not need to
arrive at the destination in the correct order.
Gain - Gain is the amplification factor and the extent to which an
analog amplifier boosts the strength of a signal. Amplification factors
are usually expressed in terms of power. The decibel (dB) is the most
common way of quantifying the gain of an amplifier.
Once the data packets have arrived at the correct destination, another
protocol - Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) - puts them in the right
order. See also TCP.
Gateway - A gateway is a point in a network that acts as an entry point
to another network. In a corporate network for example, a computer
server acting as a gateway often also acts as a proxy server and a
firewall server. A gateway is often associated with both a router, which
knows where to direct a given packet of data that arrives at the gateway,
and a switch, which furnishes the actual path in and out of the gateway
for a given packet.
IP Address - An IP address is simply an address on an IP network used
by a computer/device connected to that network. IP addresses allow all
the connected computers/devices to find each other and to pass data
back and forth.
To avoid conflicts, each IP address on any given network must be
unique. An IP address can be assigned as fixed, so that it does not
change, or it can be assigned dynamically (and automatically) by DHCP.
GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) - GIF is one of the most common
file formats used for images in web pages. There are two versions of the
format, 87a and 89a. Version 89a supports animations, i.e. a short
sequence of images within a single GIF file. A GIF89a can also be
specified for interlaced presentation.
An IP address consists of four groups (or quads) of decimal digits
separated by periods, e.g. 130.5.5.25. Different parts of the address
represent different things. Some part will represent the network number
or address, and some other part will represent the local machine address.
GOV (Group Of VOPs) - A group of VOP's is the basic unit of an
MPEG-4 video stream. The GOV contains different types and numbers of
VOP's (I-VOP's, P-VOP's, etc) as determined by the GOV length and GOV
structure. See also VOP.
See also IP (Internet Protocol).
I-VOP - See VOP.
IPv6 (Internet Protocol version 6) - A set of specifications designed as
improvements to the current IP Version 4. Network hosts and
intermediate nodes with either IPv4 or IPv6 can handle packets for
either level of the Internet Protocol.
AXIS
COMMUNICATIONS
<Product
Name>
Quick
User’s
Guidethe number of images (VOP's)
GOV length
- The GOV
length
determines
in the GOV structure. See also GOV and VOP.
GOV structure - The GOV structure describes the composition of an
MPEG-4 video stream, as regards the type of images (I-VOP's or
P-VOP's) included in the stream, and their internal order. See also GOV
and VOP.
JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) - Together with the GIF file
format, JPEG is an image file type commonly used on the web. A JPEG
image is a bitmap, and usually has the file suffix '.jpg' or ".jpeg." When
creating a JPEG image, it is possible to configure the level of
compression to use. As the lowest compression (i.e. the highest quality)
results in the largest file, there is a trade-off between image quality and
file size.
Half-duplex - See Full-duplex.
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) - HTML is the set of "markup"
symbols or codes inserted in a file intended for display in web browser.
The markup tells the browser how to display the page's words and
images for the user.
kbit/s (kilobits per second) - A measure of the bit rate, i.e. the rate at
which bits are passing a given point. See also Bit rate.
HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) - HTTP is the set of rules for
exchanging files (text, graphic images, sound, video, and other
multimedia files) on the web. The HTTP protocol runs on top of the
TCP/IP suite of protocols.
LAN (Local Area Network) - A LAN is a group of computers and
associated devices that typically share common resources within a
limited geographical area.
47
AXIS 223M - Glossary of Terms
Linux - Linux is an open source operating system within the Unix
family. Because of its robustness and availability, Linux has won
popularity in the open source community and among commercial
application developers.
PEM (Privacy Enhanced Mail) - An early standard for securing
electronic mail. The PEM-format is often used for representing an
HTTPS certificate or certificate request.
MAC address (Media Access Control address) - A MAC address is a
unique identifier associated with a piece of networking equipment, or
more specifically, its interface with the network. For example, the
network card in a computer has its own MAC address.
Ping - Ping is a basic network program used diagnostically to check
the status of a network host or device. Ping can be used to see if a
particular network address (IP address or host name) is occupied or not,
or if the host at that address is responding normally. Ping can be run
from e.g. the Windows Command prompt or the command line in Unix.
Manual iris - This is the opposite to an autoiris, i.e. the camera iris must
be adjusted manually to regulate the amount of light allowed to reach
the image sensor.
Pixel - A pixel is one of the many tiny dots that make up a digital
image. The colour and intensity of each pixel represents a tiny area of
the complete image.
Mbit/s (Megabits per second) - A measure of the bit rate, i.e. the rate at
which bits are passing a given point. Commonly used to give the "speed"
of a network. A LAN might run at 10 or 100 Mbit/s. See also Bit rate.
PoE (Power over Ethernet) - Power over Ethernet provides power to a
network device via the same cable as used for the network connection.
This is very useful for IP-Surveillance and remote monitoring
applications in places where it may be too impractical or expensive to
power the device from a power outlet.
Monitor - A monitor is very similar to a standard television set, but
lacks the electronics to pick up regular television signals.
PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) - A protocol that uses a serial interface
for communication between two network devices. For example, a PC
connected by a phone line to a server.
Motion JPEG - Motion JPEG is a simple compression/decompression
technique for networked video. Latency is low and image quality is
guaranteed, regardless of movement or complexity of the image. Image
quality is controlled by adjusting the compression level, which in turn
provides control over the file size, and thereby the bit rate.
PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunnelling Protocol) - A protocol (set of
communication rules) that allows corporations to extend their own
corporate network through private "tunnels" over the public Internet. In
this way a corporation can effectively use a WAN (Wide Area Network)
as a large single LAN (Local Area Network). This kind of interconnection
is known as a virtual private network (VPN).
High-quality individual images from the Motion JPEG stream are easily
extracted. See also JPEG.
Megapixel - See Pixel.
MPEG (Moving Picture Experts Group) - The Moving Picture Experts
Group develops standards for digital video and audio compression. It
operates under the auspices of the International Organization for
Standardization (ISO). The MPEG standards are an evolving series, each
designed for a different purpose.
Pre/post alarm images - The images from immediately before and after
an alarm. These images are stored in a buffer for later retrieval.
Progressive scan - Progressive scan, as opposed to interlaced video,
scans the entire picture, line by line every sixteenth of a second. In other
words, captured images are not split into separate fields as in interlaced
scanning.
MPEG-2 - MPEG-2 is the designation for a group of audio and video
coding standards, and is typically used to encode audio and video for
broadcast signals, including digital satellite and Cable TV. MPEG-2, with
some modifications, is also the coding format used by standard
commercial DVD movies.
Computer monitors do not need interlace to show the picture on the
screen, but instead show them progressively, on one line at a time in
perfect order, i.e. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 etc., so there is virtually no
"flickering" effect. In a surveillance application, this can be critical
when viewing detail within a moving image, such as a person running.
A high-quality monitor is required to get the best from progressive scan.
See also Interlacing.
MPEG-4 - MPEG-4 is a group of audio and video coding standards and
related technology. The primary uses for the MPEG-4 standard are web
(streaming media) and CD distribution, conversational (videophone), and
broadcast television.
Protocol - A special set of rules governing how two entities will
communicate. Protocols are found at many levels of communication,
and there are hardware protocols and software protocols.
Most of the features included in MPEG-4 are left to individual
developers to decide whether to implement them or not. This means that
there are probably no complete implementations of the entire MPEG-4
set of standards. To deal with this, the standard includes the concept of
"profiles" and "levels", allowing a specific set of capabilities to be
defined in a manner appropriate for a subset of applications.
Proxy server - In an organisation that uses the Internet, a proxy server
acts as an intermediary between a workstation user and the Internet.
This provides security, administrative control, and a caching service.
Any proxy server associated with a gateway server, or part of a gateway
server, effectively separates the organisation’s network from the outside
network and the local firewall. It is the firewall server that protects the
network against outside intrusion.
Multicast - Bandwidth-conserving technology that reduces bandwidth
usage by simultaneously delivering a single stream of information to
multiple network recipients.
Multiplexer - A multiplexer is a high-speed switch that provides
full-screen images from up to 16 analog cameras. Multiplexers can
AXIS
COMMUNICATIONS
<Product
Name> Quick
User’s on
Guide
playback
everything
that happened
any one camera with no
interference from the other cameras on the system.
A proxy server receives requests for Internet services (such as web page
requests) from many users. If the proxy server is also a cache server, it
looks in its local cache of previously downloaded web pages. If it finds
the page, it is returned to the user without forwarding the request to the
Internet. If the page is not in the cache, the proxy server, acting as a
client on behalf of the user, uses one of its own IP addresses to request
the page from another server over the Internet. When the requested page
is returned, the proxy server forwards it to the user that originally
requested it.
Network connectivity - The physical (wired or wireless) and logical
(protocol) connection of a computer network or an individual device to a
network, such as the Internet or a LAN.
NTSC (National Television System Committee) - NTSC is the television
and video standard in the United States. NTSC delivers 525 lines at 60
half-frames/second.
P-VOP - See VOP.
Quality of Service (QoS) - QoS provides the means to guarantee a certain
level of a specified resource to selected traffic on a network. Quality can
be defined as e.g. a maintained level of bandwidth, low latency, no
packet losses, etc.
OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) - This is a designation for
companies that manufacture equipment which is then marketed and sold
to other companies under their own names.
PAL (Phase Alternating Line) - PAL is the dominant television
standard in Europe. PAL delivers 625 lines at 50 half-frames/second.
Resolution - Image resolution is a measure of how much detail a digital
image can hold: the greater the resolution, the greater the level of detail.
Resolution can be specified as the number of pixel-columns (width) by
the number of pixel-rows (height), e.g. 320x240.
48
AXIS 223M - Glossary of Terms
Subnet/subnet mask - A subnet is an identifiably separate part of an
organization's network. Typically, a subnet may represent all the
machines at one geographic location, in one building, or on the same
local area network (LAN). Having an organization's network divided
into subnets allows it to be connected to the Internet with a single
shared network address.
Alternatively, the total number of pixels (usually in megapixels) in the
image can be used. In analog systems it is also common to use other
format designations, such as CIF, QCIF, 4CIF, etc.
RTCP (Real-Time Control Protocol) - RTCP provides support for
real-time conferencing of groups of any size within an intranet. This
support includes source identification and support for gateways like
audio and video bridges as well as multicast-to-unicast translators.
The subnet mask is the part of the IP address that tells a network router
how to find the subnet that the data packet should be delivered to. Using
a subnet mask saves the router having to handle the entire 32-bit IP
address; it simply looks at the bits selected by the mask.
RTCP offers quality-of-service feedback from receivers to the multicast
group as well as support for the synchronization of different media
streams.
Switch - A switch is a network device that connects network segments
together, and which selects a path for sending a unit of data to its next
destination. In general, a switch is a simpler and faster mechanism than
a router, which requires knowledge about the network and how to
determine the route. Some switches include the router function. See also
Router.
RTP (Real-Time Transport Protocol) - RTP is an Internet protocol for
the transport of real-time data, e.g. audio and video. It can be used for
media-on-demand as well as interactive services such as Internet
telephony.
RTSP (Real Time Streaming Protocol) - RTSP is a control protocol, and
a starting point for negotiating transports such as RTP, multicast and
Unicast, and for negotiating codecs.
TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) - TCP is used along with the
Internet Protocol (IP) to transmit data as packets between computers
over the network. While IP takes care of the actual packet delivery, TCP
keeps track of the individual packets that the communication (e.g.
requested a web page file) is divided into, and, when all packets have
arrived at their destination, it reassembles them to re-form the complete
file.
RTSP can be considered a "remote control" for controlling the media
stream delivered by a media server. RTSP servers typically use RTP as
the protocol for the actual transport of audio/video data.
Router - A device that determines the next network point to which a
packet should be forwarded on its way to its final destination. A router
creates and/or maintains a special routing table that stores information
on how best to reach certain destinations. A router is sometimes
included as part of a network switch. See also switch.
TCP is a connection-oriented protocol, which means that a connection is
established between the two end-points and is maintained until the data
has been successfully exchanged between the communicating
applications.
Server - In general, a server is a computer program that provides
services to other computer programs in the same or other computers. A
computer running a server program is also frequently referred to as a
server. In practice, the server may contain any number of server and
client programs. A web server is the computer program that supplies the
requested HTML pages or files to the client (browser).
Telnet - Telnet is a simple method with which to access another
network device, e.g. a computer. The HTTP protocol and the FTP
protocols allow you to request specific files from remote computers, but
do not allow you logon as a user of that computer. With Telnet, you log
on as a regular user with whatever privileges you may have been
granted for specific applications and data residing on that computer.
Sharpness - This is the control of fine detail within a picture. This
feature was originally introduced into color TV sets that used notch filter
decoders. This filter took away all high frequency detail in the black and
white region of the picture. The sharpness control attempted to put some
of that detail back in the picture. Sharpness controls are mostly
superfluous in today's high-end TVs. The only logical requirement for it
nowadays is on a VHS machine.
TVL (TV Lines) - A method of defining resolutions in analog video.
UDP (User Datagram Protocol) - UDP is a communications protocol
that offers limited service for exchanging data in a network that uses
the Internet Protocol (IP). UDP is an alternative to the Transmission
Control Protocol (TCP). The advantage of UDP is that it is not required to
deliver all data and may drop network packets when there is e.g.
network congestion. This is suitable for live video, as there is no point in
re-transmitting old information that will not be displayed anyway.
Simplex - In simplex operation, a network cable or communications
channel can only send information in one direction.
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) - SMTP is used for sending and
receiving e-mail. However, as it is "simple," it is limited in its ability to
queue messages at the receiving end, and is usually used with one of two
other protocols, POP3 or IMAP. These other protocols allow the user to
save messages in a server mailbox and download them periodically from
the server.
Unicast - Communication between a single sender and a single receiver
over a network. A new connection is established for each new user.
URL (Uniform Resource Locator) - An "address" on the network.
USB - (Universal Serial Bus) A plug-and-play interface between a
computer and peripheral devices, e.g. scanners, printers, etc.
Varifocal lens - A varifocal lens provides a wide range of focal lengths,
as opposed to a lens with a fixed focal length, which only provides one.
SMTP authentication is an extension of SMTP, whereby the client is
required to log into the mail server before or during the sending of
email. It can be used to allow legitimate users to send email while
denying the service to unauthorized users, such as spammers.
VAPIX - AXIS VAPIX is considered to be the global application
programming interface (API) standard, in the rapidly growing field of
Network Video based on IP.
AXIS COMMUNICATIONS
<Product
Name> Quick User’s Guide
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) - SNMP forms part of
the Internet Protocol suite, as defined by the Internet Engineering Task
Force. The protocol can support monitoring of network-attached devices
for any conditions that warrant administrative attention.
VPN (Virtual Private Network) - This creates a secure "tunnel"
between the points within the VPN. Only devices with the correct "key"
will be able to work within the VPN. The VPN network can be within a
company LAN (Local Area Network), but different sites can also be
connected over the Internet in a secure way. One common use for VPN
is for connecting a remote computer to the corporate network, via e.g. a
direct phone line or via the Internet.
Sockets - Sockets are a method for communication between a client
program and a server program over a network. A socket is defined as
"the endpoint in a connection." Sockets are created and used with a set
of programming requests or "function calls" sometimes called the
sockets application programming interface (API).
VOP (Video Object Plane) - A VOP is an image frame in an MPEG-4
video stream. There are several types of VOP:
SSL/TSL (Secure Socket Layer/Transport Layer Security)
These two protocols (SSL is succeeded by TSL) are cryptographic
protocols that provide secure communication on a network. SSL is
commonly used over HTTP to form HTTPS, as used e.g. on the Internet
for electronic financial transactions. SSL uses public key certificates to
verify the identity of the server.
- An I-VOP is complete image frame.
- A P-VOP codes the differences between images, as long as it is more
efficient to do so. Otherwise it codes the whole image, which may also
be a completely new image.
49
AXIS 223M - Glossary of Terms
WAN (Wide-Area-Network) - Similar to a LAN, but on a larger
geographical scale.
W-LAN (Wireless LAN) - A wireless LAN is a wireless local area
network that uses radio waves as its carrier: where the network
connections for end-users are wireless. The main network structure
usually uses cables.
Web server - A Web server is a program, which allows Web browsers
to retrieve files from computers connected to the Internet. The Web
server listens for requests from Web browsers and upon receiving a
request for a file sends it back to the browser.
The primary function of a Web server is to serve pages to other remote
computers; consequently, it needs to be installed on a computer that is
permanently connected to the Internet. It also controls access to the
server whilst monitoring and logging server access statistics.
WEP (Wireless Equivalent Privacy) - A wireless security protocol,
specified in the IEEE 802.11 standard, which is designed to provide a
wireless local area network (WLAN) with a level of security and privacy
comparable to that usually expected of a wired LAN. Security is at two
different levels; 40-bit and 128-bit encryption. The higher the bit
number, the more secure the encryption.
WINS (Windows Internet Naming Service) - Part of the Microsoft
Windows NT Server, WINS manages the association of workstation
names and locations with IP addresses, without the user or administrator
having to be involved in each configuration change.
WPA-PSK (Wi-Fi Protected Access - Pre-Shared Key) - This wireless
encryption method uses a pre-shared key (PSK) for key management.
Keys can usually be entered as manual hex values, as hexadecimal
characters, or as a Passphrase. WPA-PSK provides a greater degree of
security than WEP.
Zoom lens - A zoom lens can be moved (zoomed) to enlarge the view of
an object to show more detail.
AXIS COMMUNICATIONS
<Product
Name> Quick User’s Guide
50
AXIS 223M - Index
A
Access from a browser 8
Accessing the video stream 13
Action 21, 23
Action buttons 21
Active/Inactive 21
Advanced camera settings 17
Alarm 25, 35
AMC 8
AMC viewer toolbar 10
ARP/Ping 29
Audio 11
Audio input 18
Audio output 19
Auxiliary power 35
AXIS Media Control 18, 20
AXIS VAPIX API 21
HTML examples 22
HTTP Server 23
HTTPS 27
I
I/O Ports 32
I/O terminal connector 6, 35
Include Windows 25
Input 35
IP address filtering 27
L
LED indicators 7
Lens 42
Lighting conditions 17
Live View configuration 20
Live View page 10, 14
Logs & Reports 33
Low light behavior 17
B
Backup 33
Bandwidth 46
Bonjour 8
Buffers 24
M
Motion detection 26
MPEG-4 recording 10
MPEG-4 settings 17
C
CGI links 21
Configuration 14
Custom settings 20
N
NAT traversal 9, 30
Network connector 6
Network Settings 29
Notification of IP address change 29
NTP Server 28
D
Date & Time 28
DC-Iris 9
Default Video Format 21
Default viewer 22
DNS Configuration 29
DNS Server 29, 30
Domain Name 30
O
Output 35
Output buttons 10, 21
Overlay/Mask 16
Own home page 21
Own web files 20
E
Emergency recovery 38
Enable ARP/Ping 29
Event servers 23
Event types 23
Events 23
External video 22
External video source 10
P
Password 9
Port status 26
Ports & Devices 32
Power connector 6
Pre/post trigger buffer 24
Pulse 10, 21
Push to talk 18
F
Factory default settings 34
Firmware 38
Focusing 9
Frame rate 15
FTP Server 23
Full screen button 10
Q
QoS 31
QuickTime 8, 13
R
Real Player 8, 13
Record button 10
Recovery 38
Replacing the lens 42
Reset button 6
H
Half duplex 18
Host Name 30
51
AXIS 223M - Index
TCP/IP Settings 29
Text overlay 16
Time Mode 28
Triggered Event 23
Restore 33
RS-232 connector 6
RS-232 serial interface 37
S
Scheduled Event 23
Scheduled event 25
Security 27
Sequence mode 10, 22
Serial number 6
Server Time 28
Services 29
Snapshot button 10
SNMP 32
Support 33
System options 27
System Overview 33
U
Unit connectors 35
Upgrade Server 33
Upgrading the firmware 38
Upload overlay/mask 16
Uploading web files 20
UPnP 30, 32
User-defined links 21
Users 27
V
Video streams 12, 15
T
TCP Server 23
52