Whirlpool WGHP46 Specifications

HEAT PUMP INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
Table of Contents
HEAT PUMP SAFETY PRECAUTIONS.........................................1
Important Note to the Owner Regarding Product Warranty .......2
Shipping Inspection .....................................................................2
Codes and Regulations................................................................2
Installation Clearances .................................................................2
Rooftop Installations ....................................................................2
SAFE REFRIGERANT HANDLING ................................................3
REFRIGERANT LINES....................................................................3
Burying Refrigerant Lines.............................................................4
Refrigerant Line Connections ......................................................4
Leak Testing—Nitrogen or Nitrogen-Traced ...............................4
System Evacuation ......................................................................5
ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS ......................................................5
Over-current Protection ...............................................................5
High Voltage Connections ...........................................................5
Low Voltage Connections ............................................................5
SYSTEM START-UP.......................................................................7
FINAL CHARGE ADJUSTMENT....................................................7
Fixed Orifice .................................................................................8
Expansion Valve System..............................................................8
2-Stage Application......................................................................9
Heat Pump—Heating Cycle .........................................................9
TROUBLESHOOTING INFORMATION .......................................10
ASSISTANCE OR SERVICE .........................................................15
HEAT PUMP SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
The following symbols and labels are used throughout this manual to indicate immediate or potential safety hazards. It is the owner’s
and installer’s responsibility to read and comply with all safety information and instructions accompanying these symbols. Failure to
heed safety information increases the risk of personal injury, property damage, and/or product damage.
WARNING
Recognize this symbol as a safety precaution.
WARNING
HIGH VOLTAGE!
Goodman
6
Disconnect ALL power before servicing.
Hazards or unsafe
practices1could result in property
Goodman
damage, product damage, severe personal injury or death.
CAUTION
Multiple power sources may be present.
Failure to do so may cause property damage,
personal injury or death.
Hazards or unsafe practices may result in property
damage, product damage, personal injury or death.
CAUTION
Goodman
9
Hazards or unsafe practices may result in property
or product damage.
WARNING
Installation and repair of this unit should
be performed ONLY
by individuals7meeting
Goodman
the requirements of an “Entry Level Technician,”
at a minimum, as specified by the Air-Conditioning,
Heating and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI). Attempting
to install or repair this unit without such background may
result in product damage, personal injury or death.
CAUTION
Placeholder
for Bar
Code
Scroll equipped units should never be used to evacuate
Goodman
32this low can cause
the air conditioning system.
Vacuums
internal electrical arcing resulting in a damaged or failed
compressor.
Whirlpool® and Whirlpool Gold® Models WHP43, WHP44, WGHP43, WGHP44, WGHP46
WPIO-259K
Important Note to the Owner Regarding
Product Warranty
Your warranty certificate is supplied as a separate document with
the unit installed by your contractor. Read the limited warranty
certificate carefully to determine what is and is not covered. Keep
the warranty certificate in a safe place. If you are unable to locate
the warranty certificate, please contact your installing contractor,
or contact customer service at 1-866-944-7575 to obtain a copy.
To receive the 10-Year Parts Limited Warranty, online registration
must be completed within 60 days of installation. Online
registration is not required in California or Quebec.
Product limited warranty certificates for models currently in
production can be viewed at www.whirlpoolhvac.com. If your
model is not currently in production or does not appear on the
website, please contact your installing contractor or contact
customer service at 1-866-944-7575 to obtain a copy of your
warranty certificate.
To register your unit, go to www.whirlpoolhvac.com. Click on the
manufacturer’s Comfort CommitmentTM Warranty link located at
the bottom center of the home page. Next, click on the Click
Here to Register Your Product link located at the top center of the
page, and complete the forms in the manner indicated.
can be placed toward the structure provided the side away from
the structure maintains minimum service clearance.
NOTE: Corner installations are strongly discouraged.
Not Recommended
B
B
A
AA
AA
A
Codes and Regulations
This product is designed and manufactured to comply with
national codes. Installation in accordance with such codes and/
or prevailing local codes/regulations is the responsibility of the
installer. The manufacturer assumes no responsibility for
equipment installed in violation of any codes or regulations.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has
issued various regulations regarding the introduction and
disposal of refrigerants. Failure to follow these regulations may
harm the environment and can lead to the imposition of
substantial fines. Should you have any questions please contact
the local office of the EPA.
If replacing a condensing unit or air handler, the system must be
manufacturer-approved and Air Conditioning, Heating and
Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) matched.
NOTE: Installation of unmatched systems is not allowed.
Operating the unit in a structure that is not complete (either as
part of new construction or renovation) will void the warranty.
Installation Clearances
Special consideration must be given to the location of the heat
pump(s) in regard to structures, obstructions, other units and
any/all other factors that may interfere with air circulation. Where
possible, the top of the unit should be completely unobstructed;
however, if vertical conditions require placement beneath an
obstruction, there should be a minimum of 60" (152 cm) between
the top of the unit and the obstruction(s). The specified
dimensions meet requirements for air circulation only. Consult all
appropriate regulatory codes prior to determining final
clearances.
Another important consideration in selecting a location for the
unit(s) is the angle to obstructions. Either side adjacent the valves
2
OK!
OK!
B
AA
C
AA
OK!
C
AA
OK!
OK!
OK!
AA
AA
C
Shipping Inspection
Always keep the unit upright; laying the unit on its side or top
may cause equipment damage. Shipping damage and
subsequent investigation is the responsibility of the carrier. Verify
the model number, specifications, electrical characteristics and
accessories are correct prior to installation. The distributor or
manufacturer will not accept claims from dealers for
transportation damage or installation of incorrectly shipped units.
B
C
Minimum Airflow Clearance—in. (cm)
Model Type
A
B
C
AA
Residential
10 (25)
10 (25)
18 (46)
20 (51)
Light Commercial
12 (31)
12 (31)
18 (46)
24 (61)
This unit can be located at the ground floor level or on flat roofs.
At ground floor level, the unit must be on a solid, level foundation
that will not shift or settle. To reduce the possibility of sound
transmission, the foundation slab should not be in contact with or
be an integral part of the building foundation. Ensure the
foundation is sufficient to support the unit. A concrete slab raised
above ground level provides a suitable base.
Rooftop Installations
If it is necessary to install this unit on a roof structure, ensure the
roof structure can support the weight and that proper
consideration is given to the weather-tight integrity of the roof.
Since the unit can vibrate during operation, sound vibration
transmission should be considered when installing the unit.
Vibration absorbing pads or springs can be installed between the
unit legs or frame and the roof mounting assembly to reduce
noise vibration.
NOTE: These units require special location consideration in areas
of heavy snow accumulation and/or areas with prolonged
continuous subfreezing temperatures. Heat pump unit bases
have cutouts under the outdoor coil that permit drainage of frost
accumulation. Situate the unit to permit free unobstructed
drainage of the defrost water and ice. In more severe weather
locations, it is recommended that the unit be elevated to allow
unobstructed drainage and airflow.
The following elevation minimums are recommended:
Design Temperature
Suggested Minimum Elevation
+15ºF (-9ºC) and above
2¹⁄₂" (6.4 cm)
-5º (-20.6ºC) to +14º (-10ºC)
8" (20.3 cm)
below -5º (-20.6ºC)
12" (30.5 cm)
SAFE REFRIGERANT HANDLING
While these items will not cover every conceivable situation, they should serve as a useful guide.
WARNING
WARNING
Goodman 12
To avoid possible injury, explosion or death, practice safe
handling of refrigerants.
To avoid possible explosion:
• Never apply flame or steam to a refrigerant cylinder. If
you must heat a cylinder for faster charging, partially
immerse it in warm water.
Goodman
14 80% full of liquid
• Never fill a cylinder
more than
refrigerant.
• Never add anything other than R-22 to an R-22 cylinder
or R-410A to an R-410A cylinder. The service
equipment used must be listed or certified for the type
of refrigerant used.
• Store cylinders in a cool, dry place. Never use a cylinder
as a platform or a roller.
WARNING
Refrigerants are heavier than air. They can “push out”
the oxygen in your lungs or in any enclosed space. To
avoid possible difficulty in breathing or death:
• Never purge refrigerant into an enclosed room or
Goodman must
13 be reclaimed.
space. By law, all refrigerants
• If an indoor leak is suspected, throughly ventilate the
area before beginning work.
• Liquid refrigerant can be very cold. To avoid possible
frostbite or blindness, avoid contact and wear gloves
and goggles. If liquid refrigerant does contact your
skin or eyes, seek medical help immediately.
• Always follow EPA regulations. Never burn refrigerant,
as poisonous gas will be produced.
WARNING
To avoid possible explosion, use only returnable (not
Goodman
15
disposable) service cylinders
when removing
refrigerant
from a system.
• Ensure the cylinder is free of damage which could lead
to a leak or explosion.
• Ensure the hydrostatic test date does not exceed 5 years.
• Ensure the pressure rating meets or exceeds 400 lbs.
When in doubt, do not use cylinder.
REFRIGERANT LINES
CAUTION
16 units is extremely
The compressor POEGoodman
oil for R-410A
susceptible to moisture absorption and could cause
compressor failure. Do not leave system open to
atmosphere any longer than necessary for installation.
Use only refrigerant-grade (dehydrated and sealed) copper
tubing to connect the heat pump with the indoor evaporator. After
cutting the tubing, install plugs to keep refrigerant tubing clean
and dry prior to and during installation. Tubing should always be
cut square, keeping the ends round and free from burrs. Clean
the tubing to prevent contamination.
NOTE: Do not let the refrigerant lines come in direct contact with
plumbing, ductwork, floor joists, wall studs, floors and walls.
When running refrigerant lines through a foundation or wall,
openings should allow for sound and vibration absorbing material
to be placed or installed between tubing and foundation. Any gap
between the foundation or wall and refrigerant lines should be
filled with a pliable silicon-based caulk, RTV or a vibration
damping material. Avoid suspending refrigerant tubing from joists
and studs with rigid wire or straps that would come in contact
with the tubing. Use an insulated or suspension-type hanger.
Keep both lines separate and always insulate the suction line.
These sizes are recommended for line lengths of 79 ft (24 m) or
less to obtain optimum performance. For alternate line sizing
options or runs of more than 79 ft (24 m), refer to Remote Cooling
Service Manual, TP-107 Long Line Set Application R- 410A or
contact your distributor for assistance.
Recommended Interconnecting Tubing—ft (m)
0 to 24
(7)
25 to 49
(8 to 15)
50 to 79
(15 to 24)*
Conditioner Line Diameter (in. OD)
Unit Tons
Suction Liquid Suction Liquid Suction Liquid
1¹⁄₂
⁵⁄₈
¹⁄₄
³⁄₄
³⁄₈
³⁄₄
³⁄₈
2
⁵⁄₈
¹⁄₄
³⁄₄
³⁄₈
³⁄₄
³⁄₈
2¹⁄₂
⁵⁄₈
¹⁄₄
³⁄₄
³⁄₈
⁷⁄₈
³⁄₈
3
³⁄₄
³⁄₈
⁷⁄₈
³⁄₈
1¹⁄₈
³⁄₈
3¹⁄₂
⁷⁄₈
³⁄₈
1¹⁄₈
³⁄₈
1¹⁄₈
³⁄₈
4
⁷⁄₈
³⁄₈
1¹⁄₈
³⁄₈
1¹⁄₈
³⁄₈
5
⁷⁄₈
³⁄₈
1¹⁄₈
³⁄₈
1¹⁄₈
³⁄₈
*For lines greater than 79 ft (24 m) in length or vertical elevation
changes more than 50 ft (15 m), refer to the Remote Cooling
Service Manual or contact your distributor for assistance.
Mounting the evaporator coil above the heat pump will require an
inverted loop in the suction line adjacent or near the connection
to the evaporator coil. The top of the loop must be slightly higher
than the top of the evaporator coil.
3
C
A
B
D
A. Heat pump
B. Suction line
C. Evaporator coil
D. Liquid line
Mounting the heat pump above the evaporator coil will require an
oil trap in the suction line. Install one oil trap at the evaporator for
a height difference of more than 15 ft (4.5 m) between indoor and
outdoor units.
A
C
D
B
A. Heat pump
B. Liquid line
C. Suction line
D. Evaporator coil
Insulation is necessary to avoid condensation from forming and
dropping from the suction line. Armaflex (or satisfactory
equivalent) with ³⁄₈" (1 cm) minimum wall thickness is
recommended. In severe conditions (hot, high humidity areas),
¹⁄₂" (1.3 cm) insulation may be required. Insulation must be
installed in a manner which keeps tubing from damage and
contamination.
Where possible, drain as much residual compressor oil from
existing systems, lines and traps; pay close attention to low areas
where oil may collect.
NOTE: If changing refrigerant types, ensure the indoor coil and
metering device is compatible with the type of refrigerant being
used; otherwise, the indoor coil must be replaced.
Burying Refrigerant Lines
If burying refrigerant lines cannot be avoided, use the following
checklist.
1. Insulate liquid and suction lines separately.
2. Enclose all underground portions of the refrigerant lines in
waterproof material (conduit or pipe) sealing the ends where
tubing enters/exits the enclosure.
3. If the lines must pass under or through a concrete slab,
ensure lines are adequately protected and sealed.
Refrigerant Line Connections
IMPORTANT: To avoid overheating the service valve, TXV valve
or filter dryer while brazing, wrap the component with a wet rag,
or use a thermal heat trap compound. Be sure to follow the
manufacturer’s instruction when using the heat trap compound.
NOTE: Remove Schrader valves from service valves before
brazing tubes to the valves. Use a brazing alloy of 2% minimum
silver content. Do not use flux.
Torch heat required to braze tubes of various sizes is proportional
to the size of the tube. Tubes of smaller size require less heat to
bring the tube to brazing temperature before adding brazing alloy.
Applying too much heat to any tube can melt the tube. Service
personnel must use the appropriate heat level for the size of the
tube being brazed.
NOTE: The use of a heat shield when brazing is recommended to
avoid burning the serial plate or the finish on the unit.
1. The ends of the refrigerant lines must be cut square,
deburred, cleaned and be round and free from nicks or dents.
Any other condition increases the chance of a refrigerant
leak.
2. “Sweep” the refrigerant line with nitrogen or inert gas during
brazing to prevent the formation of copper-oxide inside the
refrigerant lines. The POE oils used in R-410A applications
will clean any copper-oxide present from the inside of the
refrigerant lines and spread it throughout the system. This
may cause a blockage or failure of the metering device.
3. After brazing, quench the joints with water or a wet cloth to
prevent overheating of the service valve.
4. Ensure the filter dryer paint finish is intact after brazing. If the
paint of the steel filter dryer has been burned or chipped,
repaint or treat with a rust preventive. This is especially
important on suction line filter dryers which are continually
wet when the unit is operating.
NOTES:
■ Be careful not to kink or dent refrigerant lines. Kinked or
dented lines will cause poor performance or compressor
damage.
■ Do not make final refrigerant line connection until plugs are
removed from refrigerant tubing.
■ Before brazing, verify indoor piston size by checking the
piston kit chart packaged with indoor unit.
Leak Testing—Nitrogen or Nitrogen-Traced
WARNING
Goodman 17
To avoid the risk of fire or explosion, never use oxygen,
high pressure air or flammable gases for leak testing of a
refrigeration system.
WARNING
18the line from the nitrogen
To avoid possibleGoodman
explosion,
cylinder must include a pressure regulator and a pressure
relief valve. The pressure relief valve must be set to open at
no more than 150 psig.
Pressure test the system using dry nitrogen and soapy water to
locate leaks. If you wish to use a leak detector, charge the system
to 10 psi using the appropriate refrigerant, and then use nitrogen
to finish charging the system to working pressure. Apply the
detector to suspect areas. If leaks are found, repair them. After
repair, repeat the pressure test. If no leaks exist, proceed to
system evacuation.
4
WARNING
REFRIGERANT
PRESSURE!
GoodmanUNDER
19
Failure to follow proper procedures may cause property
damage, personal injury or death.
5,000
Vacuum in Microns
System Evacuation
Condensing unit liquid and suction valves are closed to contain
the charge within the unit. The unit is shipped with the valve
stems closed and caps installed.
NOTE: Do not open valves until the system is evacuated.
3. Close pump valve and hold vacuum for 10 minutes. Typically
pressure will rise during this period.
4,500
4,000
Leak(s)
Present
3,500
3,000
2,500
2,000
Condensibles or
small leak present
1,500
NOTE: Scroll compressors should never be used to evacuate or
pump down a heat pump or air conditioning system.
1,000
CAUTION
Goodman 20
Prolonged operation at suction pressures less than
20 psig for more than 5 seconds will result in overheating
of the scrolls and permanent damage to the scroll tips,
drive bearings and internal seal.
1. Connect the vacuum pump with 250 micron capability to the
service valves.
2. Evacuate the system to 250 microns or less using suction
and liquid service valves. Using both valves is necessary as
some compressors create a mechanical seal separating the
sides of the system.
No leaks
No condensibles
500
0
■
■
■
1
2
3
4
5 6
Minutes
7
8
9
10
If the pressure rises to 1,000 microns or less and remains
steady, the system is considered leak-free; proceed to
start-up.
If pressure rises above 1,000 microns but holds steady
below 2,000 microns, moisture and/or noncondensibles
may be present or the system may have a small leak.
Return to Step 2: If the same result is encountered, check
for leaks as previously indicated and repair as necessary,
and then repeat evacuation.
If pressure rises above 2,000 microns, a leak is present.
Check for leaks as previously indicated and repair as
necessary, and then repeat evacuation.
ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
WARNING
HIGH VOLTAGE!
Disconnect ALL power before servicing.
Goodman 21
Multiple power sources may be present.
Failure to do so may cause property damage,
personal injury or death due to electric shock.
Wiring must conform with NEC or CEC and all
local codes. Undersized wires could cause
poor equipment performance, equipment damage
or fire.
WARNING
Goodman 22
To avoid the risk of fire or equipment damage, use
copper conductors.
NOTICE
Goodman 23
Units with reciprocating compressors and non-bleed
TXV’s require a Hard Start Kit.
The unit rating plate lists pertinent electrical data necessary for
proper electrical service and over-current protection. Wires
should be sized to limit voltage drop to 2% (maximum) from the
main breaker or fuse panel to the unit.
Consult the NEC, CEC and all local codes to determine the
correct wire gauge and length.
Local codes often require a disconnect switch located near the
unit; do not install the switch on the unit. Refer to the installation
instructions supplied with the indoor furnace/air handler for
specific wiring connections and indoor unit configuration.
Likewise, consult the instructions packaged with the thermostat
for mounting and location information.
Over-current Protection
The following over-current protection devices are approved for
use.
■ Time-delay fuses
■ HACR-type circuit breakers
These devices have sufficient time delay to permit the motor
compressor to start and accelerate its load.
High Voltage Connections
Route power supply and ground wires through the high-voltage
port and terminate in accordance with the wiring diagram
provided inside the control panel cover.
Low Voltage Connections
Heat pump control wiring requires 24-Volt minimum, 25VA
service from the indoor transformer. Low voltage wiring for
2-stage units depends on the thermostat used and the number of
control wires between the indoor unit and the heat pump. Route
the control wires through the low voltage port and terminate in
accordance with the wiring diagram provided inside the control
panel cover.
5
System Composite Diagram—Heat Pumps 10 KW and Below
Conventional
Room Thermostat
Heat Pump
C
BU
W2 O
W OR
R
Y
Y
Y
O
#18 Gauge - 7 Wire
W2 G
C
R
E
Indoor Unit
R
R
R
Red
G
G
Green
W
W2
White
BU
C
Blue
R
R
BR
Y
G
See
Note 3
W
OR
W
BU
BU
#18 Gauge - 5 Wire
See
Note 4
Outdoor Thermostat (Optional) Closed on Temperature Fall
#18 Gauge - 6 Wire Needed When Outdoor Thermostat Is Used
System Composite Diagram—Heat Pumps Above 10 KW
Conventional
Room Thermostat
Heat Pump
C W2 O
BU
W OR
Y
Y
Y
R
O
C W2 G
#18 Gauge - 7 Wire
R
E
Indoor Unit
R
W
See
Note 3
W
G
Red
G
G
Green
W
W2
White
BR
W3
Brown
BU
C
Blue
See
Note 2
1
2
3
BU
4
EHR
BU
See Note 1
R
BR
Y
OR
R
R
R
#18 Gauge - 5 Wire
Outdoor Thermostat - 1
See
Note 4
Outdoor Thermostat - 2
Outdoor Thermostat (Optional) Closed on Temperature Fall
#18 Gauge - 7 Wire Needed When 2 Outdoor Thermostats Are Used
NOTES:
■ EHR—Emergency Heat Relay (optional)
1. Outdoor thermostat (OT-1) should be the first to close and the
last to open.
2. Connect white wires and brown wires from air handler
together if OT-2 is not used.
3. Remove wire when using outdoor thermostat.
4. Terminal block markings.
6
NOTE: For 2-stage units, refer to the Installation Instructions
supplied with the variable-speed indoor units for field wiring
connections.
Symbol
Color
Symbol
Color
R
Red
Y
Yellow
BU
Blue
G
Green
BR
Brown
W
White
OR
Orange
SYSTEM START-UP
Power must be supplied to the 18 SEER outdoor units
containing ECM motors before the power is applied to the
indoor unit. Sending a low-voltage signal without highvoltage power present at the outdoor unit can cause a
malfunction of the control module on the ECM motor.
■ Adequate refrigerant charge for a matching evaporator and
15 ft (4.6 m) lineset is supplied with the condensing unit. If
line set exceeds 15 ft (4.6 m) in length, refrigerant should be
added at 0.6 oz per foot of liquid line.
IMPORTANT: Open the suction service valve first. If the liquid
service valve is opened first, oil from the compressor may be
drawn into the indoor coil TXV, restricting refrigerant flow and
affecting operation of the system.
■
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
REFRIGERANT
Goodman
25 LEAK
To avoid a possible refrigerant leak, open the service
valves until the top of the stem is ¹⁄₈" (3.2 mm) from the
retainer.
When opening valves with retainers, open each valve only until
the top of the stem is ¹⁄₈" (3.2 mm) from the retainer.
NOTE: To avoid loss of refrigerant, do not apply pressure to the
retainer.
When opening valves without a retainer, remove the service valve
cap, and insert a hex wrench into the valve stem. Back out the
stem by turning the hex wrench counterclockwise. Open the
valve until it contacts the rolled lip of the valve body.
NOTE: These are not back-seating valves. It is not necessary to
force the stem tightly against the rolled lip.
After the refrigerant charge has bled into the system, open the
liquid service valve. The service valve cap is the secondary seal
for the valves and must be properly tightened to prevent leaks.
Make sure the cap is clean and apply refrigerant oil to the threads
and sealing surface on the inside of the cap. Tighten the cap
finger tight, and then tighten an additional ¹⁄₆ of a turn (1 wrench
flat), or to the following specification, to properly seat the sealing
surfaces.
■
³⁄₈" valve to 5 to 10 in.-lbs
■
³⁄₄" valve to 5 to 20 in.-lbs
■
⁵⁄₈" valve to 5 to 20 in.-lbs
■
⁷⁄₈" valve to 5 to 20 in.-lbs
NOTE: Do not introduce liquid refrigerant from the cylinder into
the crankcase of the compressor as this may damage the
compressor.
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
REFRIGERANT
Goodman
25 LEAK
To avoid a possible refrigerant leak, open the service
valves until the top of the stem is ¹⁄₈" (3.2 mm) from the
retainer.
1. Break the vacuum by fully opening liquid and suction base
valves.
2. Set thermostat to call for cooling.
3. Check indoor and outdoor fan operation and allow system to
stabilize for 10 minutes for fixed orifices and 20 minutes for
expansion valves.
FINAL CHARGE ADJUSTMENT
The outdoor temperature must be 60°F (16ºC) or higher. Set the
room thermostat to COOL, the fan switch to AUTO and set the
temperature control well below room temperature.
After the system has stabilized according to the start-up
instructions, check the subcooling and superheat as detailed in
the following section.
WARNING
REFRIGERANT UNDER PRESSURE!
Goodman 26
• Do not overcharge system with refrigerant.
• Do not operate unit in a vacuum or at negative
pressure.
Failure to follow proper procedures may cause
property damage, personal injury or death.
CAUTION
Use refrigerant certified
to AHRI standards.
Used
Goodman
27
refrigerant may cause compressor damage, and will void
the warranty. Most portable machines cannot clean used
refrigerant to meet AHRI standards.
NOTICE
Goodman 28
Violation of EPA regulations may result in fines or other
penalties.
CAUTION
Goodman
29
Operating the compressor with the suction valve closed
will void the warranty and cause serious compressor
damage.
7
System Superheat
Outdoor Dry Bulb
Indoor Wet Bulb Temperature ºF
Temperature ºF
55
57
59
61
63
65
67
69
71
60
10
13
17
20
23
26
29
30
31
65
8
11
14
16
19
22
26
27
29
70
5
8
10
13
15
19
23
24
25
75
---
4
6
9
11
15
20
21
23
80
---
---
1
4
7
12
17
18
20
85
---
---
---
---
3
8
13
15
16
90
---
---
---
---
---
5
10
11
13
95
---
---
---
---
---
1
5
8
10
100
---
---
---
---
---
---
3
5
8
105
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
3
5
110
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
3
115
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
---
2
Fixed Orifice
WARNING
To prevent personal injury, carefully connect and
disconnect manifold
gauge hoses.30
Escaping liquid
Goodman
refrigerant can cause burns. Do not vent refrigerant into
the atmosphere. Recover all refrigerant during system
repair and before final unit disposal.
1. Purge the gauge lines.
2. Connect the service gauge manifold to the base-valve service
ports. Run system at least 10 minutes to allow pressure to
stabilize.
3. Temporarily install the thermometer on the suction (large) line
near the compressor. The thermometer should be located
within 4" (10.2 cm) to 6" (15.2 cm) of the compressor. Ensure
that the thermomter makes adequate contact and is
insulated.
NOTE: An optional, less accurate, method is to locate the
thermometer at the suction line service valve. Ensure that the
thermometer makes adequate contact and is insulated.
4. Refer to the superheat chart provided for proper system
superheat. Add charge to lower superheat or recover charge
to raise superheat.
5. Disconnect the manifold set; installation is complete.
Superheat = Suction Line Temperature - Saturated Suction
Temperature.
8
Expansion Valve System
Single Speed Application
1. Purge gauge lines.
2. Connect the service gauge manifold to the base-valve service
ports. Run the system at least 10 minutes to allow pressure to
stabilize.
3. Temporarily install the thermometer on the liquid (small) line
near the liquid line service valve with adequate contact and
insulate for best possible reading.
4. Check subcooling and superheat. Systems with TXV
application should have a subcooling of 7ºF ± 2ºF and
superheat of 7ºF to 9 ºF.
■ If the subcooling and superheat are low, adjust TXV to 7ºF
to 9ºF superheat. Check subcooling.
NOTE: To adjust the superheat, turn the valve stem
clockwise to increase and counterclockwise to decrease.
■ If the subcooling is low and the superheat is high, add
charge to raise the subcooling to 7ºF ± 2ºF. Check
superheat.
■ If subcooling and superheat are high, adjust TXV valve to
7ºF to 9ºF superheat. Check subcooling.
■ If subcooling is high and superheat is low, adjust TXV
valve to 7ºF to 9ºF superheat and remove charge to lower
the subcooling to 7ºF ± 2ºF.
NOTE: Do not adjust the charge based on the suction
pressure unless there is a gross undercharge.
5. Disconnect the manifold set. Installation is now complete.
Subcooling = Saturated Liquid Temperature - Liquid Line
Temperature.
If the subcooling is low and the superheat is high, add
charge to raise the subcooling to 5ºF to 7ºF. Check
superheat.
■ If subcooling and superheat are high, adjust TXV valve to
7ºF to 9ºF superheat. Check subcooling.
■ If subcooling is high and superheat is low, adjust TXV
valve to 7ºF to 9ºF superheat and remove charge to lower
the subcooling to 5ºF to 7ºF.
NOTE: Do not adjust the charge based on the suction
pressure unless there is a gross undercharge.
6. Disconnect manifold set, installation is complete.
Subcooling = Saturated Liquid Temperature - Liquid Line
Temperature
NOTE: Check the Schrader ports for leaks and tighten valve
cores if necessary. Install caps finger tight.
■
2-Stage Application
Run the condensing unit on low-stage cooling for 10 minutes
until refrigerant pressures stabilize. Follow the guidelines and
methods below to check the unit operation and ensure that the
refrigerant charge is within limits. Charge the unit on low stage.
1. Purge the gauge lines.
2. Connect the service gauge manifold to the base-valve service
ports.
3. Run the system at least 10 minutes to allow the pressure to
stabilize.
4. Temporarily install a thermometer on the liquid (small) line
near the liquid line service valve with adequate contact.
Insulate the thermometer for the best possible reading.
5. Check the subcooling and superheat. Systems with TXV
application should have a subcooling of 5ºF to 7ºF and
superheat of 7ºF to 9ºF.
■ If the subcooling and superheat are low, adjust TXV to 7ºF
to 9ºF superheat. Check subcooling.
NOTE: To adjust the superheat, turn the valve stem
clockwise to increase and counterclockwise to decrease.
Heat Pump—Heating Cycle
The proper method of charging a heat pump in the heat mode is
by weight with the additional charge adjustments for line size, line
length and other system components. Make final charge
adjustments in the cooling cycle.
Saturated Suction Pressure Temperature
Suction Pressure
Saturated Suction Temperature ºF
Suction Pressure
Saturated Suction Temperature ºF
PSIG
R-410A
PSIG
R-410A
50
1
78
20
52
3
80
21
54
4
85
24
56
6
90
26
58
7
95
29
60
8
100
31
62
10
110
36
64
11
120
41
66
13
130
45
68
14
140
49
70
15
150
53
72
16
160
56
74
17
170
60
76
19
NOTE: Subcooling = Saturated Liquid Temperature - Liquid Line Temperature
9
Saturated Liquid Pressure Temperature
Liquid Pressure
Saturated Liquid Temperature ºF
Liquid Pressure
Saturated Liquid Temperature ºF
PSIG
R-410A
PSIG
R-410A
200
70
375
112
210
73
405
118
220
76
415
119
225
78
425
121
235
80
435
123
245
83
445
125
255
85
475
130
265
88
500
134
275
90
525
138
285
92
550
142
295
95
575
145
305
97
600
149
325
101
625
152
355
108
TROUBLESHOOTING INFORMATION
Problem
No Cooling/Heating
■
System will not start.
Cause/Test Method and/or Solution
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Compressor will not start—fan runs.
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Compressor and condenser fan will
not start.
■
■
■
■
■
10
Power failure. Test voltage.
Blown fuse. Inspect fuse size and type. Replace, if needed.
Loose connection. Inspect connection. Tighten if needed.
Shorted or broken wires. Test circuits with ohmmeter. Replace if needed.
Faulty thermostat. Test continuity of thermostat and wiring. Replace, if needed.
Faulty transformer. Check control circuit with voltmeter. Replace, if needed.
Shorted or broken wires. Test circuits with ohmmeter. Replace if needed.
Shorted or open capacitor. Test capacitor.
Internal compressor overload open. Test continuity of overload.
Shorted or grounded compressor. Test motor windings.
Compressor stuck. Use test cord.
Low voltage. Test voltage.
Blown fuse. Inspect fuse size and type. Replace, if needed.
Shorted or broken wires. Test circuits with ohmmeter. Replace if needed.
Faulty thermostat. Test continuity of thermostat and wiring. Replace, if needed.
Faulty transformer. Check control circuit with voltmeter. Replace, if needed.
Faulty compressor contactor. Test continuity of coil and contacts. Replace, if needed.
Problem
No Cooling/Heating
■
Evaporator fan will not start.
Cause/Test Method and/or Solution
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Condenser fan will not start.
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Compressor runs—goes off on
overload.
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Compressor cycles on overload.
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Blown fuse. Inspect fuse size and type. Replace, if needed.
Loose connection. Inspect connection. Tighten if needed.
Shorted or broken wires. Test circuits with ohmmeter. Replace if needed.
Open fan overload. Test continuity of overloads.
Faulty thermostat. Test continuity of thermostat and wiring. Replace, if needed.
Shorted or open capacitor. Test capacitor.
Faulty fan relay. Test continuity of coil and contacts.
Open control circuit. Test control circuit with voltmeter.
Faulty evaporator fan motor. Repair or replace.
Shorted or broken wires. Test circuits with ohmmeter. Replace if needed.
Open fan overload. Test continuity of overloads.
Shorted or open capacitor. Test capacitor.
Faulty compressor contactor. Test continuity of coil and contacts. Replace, if needed.
Shorted or grounded fan motor. Test motor windings.
Faulty defrost control. Test control.
Loose connection. Inspect connection. Tighten if needed.
Shorted or broken wires. Test circuits with ohmmeter. Replace if needed.
Shorted or open capacitor. Test capacitor.
Shorted or grounded compressor. Test motor windings.
Compressor stuck. Use test cord.
Faulty compressor contactor. Test continuity of coil and contacts. Replace, if needed.
Low voltage. Test voltage.
Overcharge of refrigerant. Recover part of charge.
Dirty outdoor coil. Inspect coil and clean, if needed.
Improperly located thermostat. Relocate thermostat.
Wrong type of expansion valve. Replace valve.
Expansion valve restricted. Remove restriction or replace valve.
Undersized expansion valve. Replace valve.
Inoperative expansion valve. Check valve operation. Replace if needed.
Faulty reversing valve. Replace valve or solenoid.
Shorted or open capacitor. Test capacitor.
Compressor stuck. Use test cord.
Low voltage. Test voltage.
Improper cooling anticipator. Check resistance of anticipator.
Shortage of refrigerant. Test for leaks. Add refrigerant.
Restricted liquid line. Replace restricted part.
Overcharge of refrigerant. Recover part of charge.
Dirty outdoor coil. Inspect coil and clean, if needed.
Noncondensibles. Recover charge. Evacuate and recharge.
Recirculation of condensing air. Remove obstruction to airflow.
Wrong type of expansion valve. Replace valve.
Expansion valve restricted. Remove restriction or replace valve.
Undersized expansion valve. Replace valve.
11
Problem
No Cooling/Heating
■
System runs continuously—little
cooling/heating.
Cause/Test Method and/or Solution
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Too cool/warm and then too warm/
cool.
■
■
■
■
■
Not cool enough on warm days.
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Certain areas too cool, others too
warm.
■
■
■
■
■
12
Shortage of refrigerant. Test for leaks. Add refrigerant.
Restricted liquid line. Replace restricted part.
Open element or limit on electric heater (heating only). Test heater element and
controls.
Dirty air filter. Inspect filter; clean or replace as needed.
Dirty indoor coil. Inspect coil and clean, if needed.
Not enough air across indoor coil. Check blower speed. Check duct static pressure and
filter.
Infiltration of outdoor air. Check windows, doors, vent fans, etc.
System undersized. Refigure cooling load.
Broken valves. Test compressor efficiency.
Inefficient compressor. Test compressor efficiency.
Wrong type of expansion valve. Replace valve.
Expansion valve restricted. Remove restriction or replace valve.
Oversized expansion valve. Replace valve.
Undersized expansion valve. Replace valve.
Inoperative expansion valve. Check valve operation. Replace if needed.
Flowrator not seating properly. Check flowrator and seat, or replace flowrator.
Faulty thermostat. Test continuity of thermostat and wiring. Replace, if needed.
Improper cooling anticipator. Check resistance of anticipator.
Improperly located thermostat. Relocate thermostat.
Airflow unbalanced. Readjust air volume dampers.
Dirty air filter. Inspect filter; clean or replace as needed.
Dirty indoor coil. Inspect coil and clean, if needed.
Not enough air across indoor coil. Check blower speed. Check duct static pressure and
filter.
Noncondensibles. Recover charge. Evacuate and recharge.
Recirculation of condensing air. Remove obstruction to airflow.
Infiltration of outdoor air. Check windows, doors, vent fans, etc.
System undersized. Refigure cooling load.
Wrong type of expansion valve. Replace valve.
Expansion valve restricted. Remove restriction or replace valve.
Undersized expansion valve. Replace valve.
Dirty air filter. Inspect filter; clean or replace as needed.
Dirty indoor coil. Inspect coil and clean, if needed.
Not enough air across indoor coil. Check blower speed. Check duct static pressure and
filter.
Infiltration of outdoor air. Check windows, doors, vent fans, etc.
Airflow unbalanced. Readjust air volume dampers.
Problem
No Cooling/Heating
Cause/Test Method and/or Solution
Unsatisfactory Cooling/Heating
■
Compressor is noisy.
■
■
■
■
■
■
Heating Only—System runs—blows
cold air in heating.
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Heating Only—Unit will not
terminate defrost.
■
■
■
■
Heating Only—Unit will not defrost.
■
■
■
Overcharge of refrigerant. Recover part of charge.
Broken internal parts. Replace compressor.
Broken valves. Test compressor efficiency. Replace if needed.
Expansion valve bulb loose. Tighten bulb bracket.
Loose hold-down bolts. Tighten bolts.
Internal compressor overload open. Test continuity of overload.
Compressor stuck. Use test cord.
Shortage of refrigerant. Test for leaks. Add refrigerant.
Open element or limit on electric heater (heating only). Test heater element and
controls.
Overcharge of refrigerant. Recover part of charge.
Noncondensibles. Recover charge. Evacuate and recharge.
Broken internal parts. Replace compressor.
Inefficient compressor. Test compressor efficiency.
Faulty reversing valve. Replace valve or solenoid.
Faulty defrost control. Test control.
Faulty defrost thermostat. Test defrost thermostat.
Faulty reversing valve. Replace valve or solenoid.
Faulty defrost control. Test control.
Faulty defrost thermostat. Test defrost thermostat.
Faulty reversing valve. Replace valve or solenoid.
Faulty defrost control. Test control.
Faulty defrost thermostat. Test defrost thermostat.
System Operating Pressures
■
Low suction pressure.
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Low head pressure.
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Faulty evaporator fan motor. Repair or replace.
Shortage of refrigerant. Test for leaks. Add refrigerant.
Restricted liquid line. Replace restricted part.
Dirty air filter. Inspect filter; clean or replace as needed.
Dirty indoor coil. Inspect coil and clean, if needed.
Not enough air across indoor coil. Check blower speed. Check duct static pressure and
filter.
Dirty outdoor coil (heating only). Inspect coil and clean, if needed.
Wrong type of expansion valve. Replace valve.
Expansion valve restricted. Remove restriction or replace valve.
Undersized expansion valve. Replace valve.
Inoperative expansion valve. Check valve operation. Replace if needed.
Faulty defrost control (heating only). Test control.
Faulty defrost thermostat (heating only). Test defrost thermostat.
Shortage of refrigerant. Test for leaks. Add refrigerant.
Restricted liquid line. Replace restricted part.
Too much air across indoor coil (heating only). Reduce blower speed.
Broken valves. Test compressor efficiency. Replace if needed.
Inefficient compressor. Test compressor efficiency.
Wrong type of expansion valve. Replace valve.
Expansion valve restricted. Remove restriction or replace valve.
Faulty reversing valve (heating only). Replace valve or solenoid.
Faulty defrost control (heating only). Test control.
Faulty defrost thermostat (heating only). Test defrost thermostat.
Flowrator not seating properly. Check flowrator and seat, or replace flowrator.
13
Problem
No Cooling/Heating
■
High suction pressure.
Cause/Test Method and/or Solution
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
High head pressure.
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Too much air across indoor coil. Reduce blower speed.
Overcharge of refrigerant. Recover part of charge.
Broken valves. Test compressor efficiency. Replace if needed.
Inefficient compressor. Test compressor efficiency.
Expansion valve bulb loose. Tighten bulb bracket.
Faulty reversing valve (heating only). Replace valve or solenoid.
Faulty defrost thermostat (heating only). Test defrost thermostat.
Flowrator not seating properly. Check flowrator and seat, or replace flowrator.
Faulty evaporator fan motor (heating only). Repair or replace.
Shorted or grounded fan motor. Test motor windings.
Restricted liquid line. Replace restricted part.
Dirty air filter (heating only). Inspect filter; clean or replace as needed.
Dirty indoor coil (heating only). Inspect coil and clean, if needed.
Not enough air across indoor coil (heating only). Check blower speed. Check duct
static pressure and filter.
Overcharge of refrigerant. Recover part of charge.
Dirty outdoor coil. Inspect coil and clean, if needed.
Noncondensibles. Recover charge. Evacuate and recharge.
Recirculation of condensing air. Remove obstruction to airflow.
Wrong type of expansion valve (heating only). Replace valve.
Expansion valve restricted. Remove restriction or replace valve.
Oversized expansion valve. Replace valve.
Faulty reversing valve (heating only). Replace valve or solenoid.
Faulty defrost control (heating only). Test control.
Faulty defrost thermostat (heating only). Test defrost thermostat.
GoodmanNOTICE
23 Long
Units with reciprocating compressors and non-bleed TXV’s require a Hard Start Kit.
14
ASSISTANCE OR SERVICE
If you need further assistance, you can write to the below
address with any questions or concerns:
Tradewinds Distributing Company, LLC
14610 Breakers Drive
Jacksonville, FL 32258
Please include a daytime phone number in your correspondence.
Or call toll free: 1-866-944-7575.
15
WPIO-259K
© 2010. All rights reserved.
®Registered Trademark/TM Trademark of Whirlpool, U.S.A.,
Manufactured under license by Tradewinds Distributing Company, LLC, Jacksonville, Florida.
Warranty provided by manufacturer. All other trademarks are owned by their respective companies.
COMFORT COMMITMENT is a trademark of Tradewinds Distributing Company, LLC.
9/10
Printed in U.S.A.