Ramsey Electronics SS70A Instruction manual

SPEECH
SCRAMBLER /
DESCRAMBLER KIT
Ramsey Electronics Model No.
SS70A
Communicate in privacy over any audio path! Full duplex
operation so this unit can scramble and descramble at the same
time! E-Z hookup instructions for radio, or scanner.
•
Uses “state of the art” digital electronic filtering for superior noise
free sound! Speech inversion type system - similar to SSB.
•
Decodes most cordless phones and basic 2-Way radio systems
•
Loud, amplified speaker output - no need for an external amp!
•
Super clean, low noise audio - excellent audio quality!
•
Accepts mike, line, or speaker level inputs.
•
Handy phono type input and output connections.
•
Operates on 9 to 15 volts DC.
•
Super easy hook-up with pushbutton “bypass” mode. Switch from
scramble/descramble to feed through without moving wires!
•
Informative manual answers questions on theory, hookups and
uses - enhances resale value, too!
•
Add our custom case and Knob set for a finished “Pro” look.
SS70A • 1
RAMSEY TRANSMITTER KITS
• FM100B Professional FM Stereo Transmitter
• FM25B Synthesized Stereo FM Transmitter
• MR6 Model Rocket Tracking Transmitter
• TV6 Television Transmitter
RAMSEY RECEIVER KITS
• FR1 FM Broadcast Receiver
• AR1 Aircraft Band Receiver
• SR2 Shortwave Receiver
• SC1 Shortwave Converter
RAMSEY HOBBY KITS
• SG7 Personal Speed Radar
• SS70A Speech Scrambler
• BS1 “Bullshooter” Digital Voice Storage Unit
• AVS10 Automatic Sequential Video Switcher
• ECG1 Heart Monitor
• WCT20 Cable Wizard Cable Tracer
• LABC1 Lead Acid Battery Charger
• LC1 Inductance-Capacitance Meter
RAMSEY AMATEUR RADIO KITS
• DDF1 Doppler Direction Finder
• HR Series HF All Mode Receivers
• QRP Series HF CW Transmitters
• CW7 CW Keyer
• CPO3 Code Practice Oscillator
• QRP Power Amplifiers
RAMSEY MINI-KITS
Many other kits are available for hobby, school, Scouts and just plain FUN. New
kits are always under development. Write or call for our free Ramsey catalog.
SS70A SPEECH SCRAMBLER KIT INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Ramsey Electronics publication No. MSS70A Revision 1.3
First printing: September 1995
COPYRIGHT 1995 by Ramsey Electronics, Inc. 590 Fishers Station Drive, Victor, New York
14564. All rights reserved. No portion of this publication may be copied or duplicated without the
written permission of Ramsey Electronics, Inc. Printed in the United States of America.
SS70A • 2
Ramsey Publication No. SS70A
Price $5.00
KIT ASSEMBLY
AND INSTRUCTION MANUAL FOR
SPEECH SCRAMBLER /
DESCRAMBLER KIT
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction to the SS70A ............. 4
Circuit Description ......................... 5
Parts List ....................................... 7
Schematic Diagram....................... 8
SS70A Assembly instructions ....... 9
Testing the SS70A ....................... 12
Hook-up Configurations ............... 13
Troubleshooting ........................... 16
Parts Layout Diagram .................. 18
Ramsey Kit Warranty ................... 19
RAMSEY ELECTRONICS, INC.
590 Fishers Station Drive
Victor, New York 14564
Phone (585) 924-4560
Fax (585) 924-4555
www.ramseykits.com
SS70A • 3
INTRODUCTION
The Ramsey SS70A is a complete two-way speech scrambler/descrambler
with suitable inputs and outputs for scanner, two-way radio, cordless
telephone, or tape recorder operation. It is designed to help the user secure
total privacy for communications or recorded memos. Just as its scrambling,
technically called “speech inversion”, can be decoded by knowledgeable
users of similar equipment, the SS70A in turn can be used experimentally to
descramble some public service communications, cordless phones and other
systems where low cost scrambling is employed.
Similar to the regulations affecting the use of mobile VHF scanners, it is the
responsibility of the user of this equipment to know and observe any
applicable laws regarding the interception and descrambling of transmissions
employing speech inversion.
“Speech inversion” is a process that interchanges high and low speech
frequencies by removing the carrier frequency and transmission of only one
sideband in a communications link. This renders the speech unintelligible
unless received by a device capable of replacing the carrier frequency
exactly. The single inversion scrambling technique used in the SS70A is
adequate to minimize casual eavesdropping or ambulance chasing. Greater
security is possible, using precision audio filters, and by inverting more than
one audio range simultaneously.
SS70A CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
Radio amateurs will notice some similarity between the SS70A and a basic
sideband transmitter. However, in the speech scrambler’s case, the audio
input is mixed with a local oscillator running right in the audio range (3.3 KHz)
rather than an RF oscillator, and it is precisely that modulation of such a low
frequency that results in speech inversion. Let’s look more closely at what
happens in the circuit. Have a glance at your schematic and follow along.
At the heart of the speech scrambler circuitry is the MX128 full-duplex
frequency inversion scrambler IC. This chip contains a balanced modulator
and several digital audio filters for both transmit and receive audio paths. In
addition, the 3.3 KHz injection frequency is generated within the MX128. J3
provides selection of either a 10.24 MHz or 3.58 MHz crystal.
Notice the similarity between the transmit (TX) and receive (RX) circuit paths.
Both inputs are "limited" by the overload protection diodes D1,2,3, and 4. An
additional "voltage divider" (R1,R3) is used to reduce the RX input level when
speaker level input path is selected. The TX path is designed for microphone
level inputs/outputs.
SS70A • 4
Mixer
Audio In
Filter
Inverted audio
out
OSC
IN
Spectral display of audio inputs and
outputs. Sum components are
filtered, difference components are
used.
AMPLITUDE
Desired
Filtered
Dif f erence
Sum
Audio Osc
FREQUENC Y
The audio input is amplified and filtered by the IC, then "mixed" with the
carrier to produce both the sum and difference frequencies. For example, a
500 Hz input mixed with the 3 KHz carrier will produce signals at both 2500
Hz and 3500 Hz and a 1KHz signal will produce a 2 KHz and 4 KHz result.
The outputs are now low pass filtered to remove the unwanted signals above
3 KHz. Final result; the low 500 Hz and slightly higher 1 KHz inputs produce
2500 Hz and 2 KHz outputs respectively. Voila, inverted audio!
The inverted audio is then amplified by either Q1 or Q2, depending on the
path. On the RX path, J4 jumper position selects either speaker level audio
from the LM-380 2 watt audio amplifier or line level audio output.
Front panel controls include power on/off switch S1, scramble/bypass switch
S2, and RX input level select switch S3 which allows the SS70A to be used
with either line or speaker level inputs. Potentiometer R11 controls audio
level when speaker level output is selected.
SS70A • 5
RAMSEY Learn-As-You-Build KIT ASSEMBLY
There are numerous solder connections on the SS70A printed circuit board.
Therefore, PLEASE take us seriously when we say that good soldering is
essential to the proper operation of your scrambler! Following, are a few
quick tips to make the assembly process a bit more enjoyable.
•
Use a 25-50 watt soldering pencil with a clean, sharp tip. Wipe the
tip often on a damp sponge to keep it clean for easier soldering.
•
Use only rosin-core solder intended for electronics use.
•
Use bright lighting. A magnifying lamp or bench-style magnifier may
be helpful.
•
Keep an eye open for similar components. Hmmm, is that a 1K ohm
or 10K ohm resistor?
•
Do your work in stages, taking breaks to check your work. Carefully
brush away wire cuttings so they don't lodge between components.
We have a two-fold "strategy" for the order of the following kit assembly
steps. First, we install parts in physical relationship to each other, so there's
minimal chance of inserting wires into wrong holes. Second, whenever
possible, we install in an order that fits our "Learn-As-You Build" Kit building
philosophy.
For each part, our word "Install" always means these steps:
1. Pick the correct part value to start with.
2. Insert it into the correct PC board location.
3. Orient it correctly, follow the PC board drawing and the written
directions for all parts - especially when there's a right way and a
wrong way to solder it in. (Diode bands, electrolytic capacitor
polarity, transistor shapes, dotted or notched ends of IC's, and so
forth.)
4. Solder all connections unless directed otherwise. Use enough
heat and solder for clean, shiny, completed connections.
Don't be afraid of any pen-style soldering iron having enough
heat to damage a component.
5. Trim or "nip" the excess component lead wire after soldering.
NOTE: Save some of the longer wire scraps nipped from resistors and
capacitors. These will be used to form wire jumpers (JMP1, etc.) to be
soldered in just like parts during these construction steps.
Now, let's get building!
SS70A • 6
SS70A PARTS LIST
Sort and “check off” the components in the boxes provided. It’s also helpful to
sort the parts into separate containers to avoid confusion while assembling.
RESISTORS AND POTENTIOMETERS
ˆ 1 2 ohm resistor [red-black-gold] (R13)
ˆ 1 10 ohm resistor [brown-black-black] (R6)
ˆ 1 100 ohm resistor [brown-black-brown] (R1)
ˆ 4 470 ohm resistors [yellow-violet-brown] (R3,5,9,14)
ˆ 2 1K ohm resistors [brown-black-red] (R7,12)
ˆ 1 10K ohm resistor [ brown-black-orange] (R16)
ˆ 4 100K ohm resistors [brown-black-yellow] (R2,4,10,15)
ˆ 1 1 Meg ohm resistor [brown-black-green] (R8)
ˆ 1 10K ohm variable potentiometer (R11)
CAPACITORS
ˆ 2 22 pF disc capacitors [marked 22 or 22K] (C6,7)
ˆ 2 100 pF disc capacitors [marked 100 or 101] (C2,11)
ˆ 1 .01 uF disc capacitor [marked .01 or 103 or 10nF] (C14)
ˆ 3 .1 uF disc capacitors [marked .1 or 104] (C3,13,16)
ˆ 5 10 uF electrolytic capacitors (C1,5,9,12,18)
ˆ 1 100 to 220 uF electrolytic capacitor (C10)
ˆ 2 1000 uF electrolytic capacitors(C15,C17)
SEMICONDUCTORS
ˆ 4 1N4148 diode [orange glass body with black band] (D1,2,3,4)
ˆ 2 2N3904 NPN transistors (Q1,2)
ˆ 1 MX128 scrambler IC chip (U1)
ˆ 1 LM380 audio amplifier IC (U2)
ˆ 1 7805 voltage regulator (VR1)
MISCELLANEOUS PARTS AND HARDWARE
ˆ 1 3.58 MHz or 10.24 MHz crystal (Y1)
ˆ 4 PC mount 3.5 mm phone jacks (J1,2,6,7)
ˆ 1 .5 mm center pin type power jack (J5)
ˆ 3 DPDT PC mount switch (S1,S2,S3)
ˆ 1 3 pin vertical header strip
ˆ 1 SS70A circuit board
REQUIRED, NOT SUPPLIED
ˆ 9 to 15 volt battery or power supply
ˆ Speaker or earphones
ˆ 3.5 mm plugs or adapters (2 to 4 depending on application)
ˆ Optional Ramsey CSS70A enclosure set
SS70A • 7
SS70A • 8
SS70A ASSEMBLY INSTRUCTIONS
ˆ 1. First, install switches S1, S2, and S3. Be sure that all legs fit through
the circuit board before soldering. Solder all the pins.
ˆ 2. Install the volume control pot, R11. Solder the three component
connections as well as the mounting pins.
ˆ 3. Moving to the back of the PC board, install connector J5, the power
connector. Be careful to insert all three of the connection tabs through
the PC board.
ˆ 4. Install the four 3.5 mm phone jacks J1, 2, 6, and 7.
ˆ 5. Install R1, 100 ohm (brown-black-brown).
ˆ 6. Install R3, 470 ohm (yellow-violet-brown).
ˆ 7. Install R6,10 ohm (brown-black-black).
ˆ 8. Install the 1N4148 diode D1 (red/orange glass component with a black
band). The black line around one end of the component denotes the
"cathode" and must be oriented as shown in the parts diagram.
ˆ 9. Install diode D2, another 1N4148. Observe the correct polarity!
ˆ 10. Install jumper JMP3. From a scrap component lead, form this jumper
and install as you would a resistor. Jumpers act like small “bridges” to
route traces to the top side of the board and over obstacles (other
traces.) You will notice that jumpers are normally not found on the
schematic but are necessary for proper circuit operation.
ˆ 11. Install C3, a .1 uF disc capacitor (marked .1 or 104).
ˆ 12. Install R14, 470 ohm (yellow-violet-brown). It's located over by jacks
J1 and J6.
ˆ 13. Install the remaining 1N4148 diodes, D3 and D4 (red/orange glass
body with black band). Make sure the bands are oriented as shown in
the parts diagram.
ˆ 14. Install C16, a .1 uF disc capacitor (marked .1 or 104).
Now that wasn't so hard, was it? You've just completed the inputs for the
transmit and receive paths and voltage divider for the speaker level input.
Take a moment to recheck your work, looking closely for parts placement
and orientation. Check your soldering job also, and "touch up" any
connections that are less than perfect.
ˆ 15. Locate and install Q2, a 2N3904 transistor. Transistors have three
"legs" and must be mounted correctly. Notice that the part contains a
"flat" side with the writing imprinted on it. Be sure to follow the parts
diagram for correct placement. To install, slide the legs through the
circuit board and push the component as close to the board as possible
SS70A • 9
without "straining" the leads. Solder all three connections securely.
ˆ 16. Install R12, 1K ohm (brown-black-red).
ˆ 17. Install R9, 470 ohm (what colors were those?!) (yellow-violet-brown).
ˆ 18. Install C12, a 10 uF electrolytic capacitor. This component is
"polarized" and must be oriented correctly before soldering. The positive
or ( + ) points are clearly marked on the PC board layout diagram. Study
the style and markings of the capacitors supplied in your kit. Generally,
electrolytic capacitors indicate the negative, or ( - ) lead with a black
edge strip or a ( - ) marking. Be alert about polarity throughout assembly!
ˆ 19. Install Q1, a 2N3904 transistor. Be sure to face the flat side as
shown in the diagram.
ˆ 20. Install R7, 1K ohm resistor (brown-black-red).
ˆ 21. Install C5, 10 uF electrolytic capacitor. Again, this component is
polarized so check the parts layout for correct orientation.
ˆ 22. Install jumper JMP2 (formed from a scrap component lead).
ˆ 23. Install R5, 470 ohm (yellow-violet-brown).
ˆ 24. Install C14, a .01 uF disc capacitor (marked .01 or 10 nf or 103).
ˆ 25. Install U2 the LM380 audio amplifier IC. Notice that one end of the
chip is marked with a notch, dot, or band. Check the parts diagram for
correct placement. Before soldering, ensure all pins have made it
through the board. (It’s not much fun removing a chip because one pin is
bent under!)
ˆ 26. Install C15, a 1000 uF electrolytic capacitor. Be sure to orient it
correctly, as electrolytic caps can explode if installed backwards! This
capacitor acts to filter the supply voltage for noise free audio.
ˆ 27. Install capacitor C10, the 100-220 uF electrolytic. Note the polarity on
the parts placement diagram.
ˆ 28. Install C13, a .1 uF disc capacitor (marked .1 or 104).
ˆ 29. Install R13, 2 ohm (red-black-gold). Components C13 and R13 keep
the audio output from becoming unstable with different speaker loads.
ˆ 30. Install J4, the 3 pin header strip. Later we’ll use a small jumper block
to enable switching between line or speaker level audio output without
having to remove and resolder jumpers.
ˆ 31. Install jumper JMP4.
You’ve just completed the output paths for both the TX and RX portions of
the circuit. Take a break and recheck your work. It’s also a good time to take
a look at the schematic diagram and follow through what we’ve done.
Moving on, we'll build the "heart" of your scrambler unit, containing the
MX128 IC and associated components. Since the majority of the work is
SS70A • 10
done inside the chip, this should go fairly quickly.
ˆ 32. Install C6, 22 pF disc capacitor (marked 22 or 22K).
ˆ 33. Install C7, another 22 pF disc (marked 22 or 22K).
ˆ 34. Install Y1, the 3.58 MHz or 10.24 MHz crystal. Make sure to mount
the crystal in the proper holes.
ˆ 35. Install R8, 1Meg ohm (brown-black-green).
ˆ 36. Examine crystal Y1, if it is a 3.58 Mhz unit, install jumper JMP7, if
your crystal is 10.24 Mhz, do not install JMP7. Due to a change in the
PC board, the silkscreen may label this jumper as J3 or JMP7. This
jumper (or lack of) tells the MX128 which crystal is being used.
ˆ 37. Install U1, the MX128 16 pin DIP IC. Notice that one end of the chip
is marked by a dot, notch, or band. This must be placed as shown in the
parts diagram for proper operation. Gently insert all the pins through the
circuit board, and solder. Be extra cautious as not to "bridge” solder
between the pins, and don't worry about applying too much heat.
Today’s IC's are very rugged and can handle the heat that any pen type
soldering iron can deliver.
ˆ 38. Install C1, 10 uF electrolytic. Be sure to orient the part correctly.
ˆ 39. Install C9, 10 uF electrolytic, observe polarity.
ˆ 40. Install R16, 10K ohm resistor (brown-black-orange).
ˆ 41. Install jumper JMP1.
ˆ 42. Install R15, 100K ohm resistor (brown-black-yellow).
ˆ 43. Install C11, 100 pF disc capacitor (marked 100 or 101).
ˆ 44. Install R10, 100K ohm resistor (brown-black-yellow).
ˆ 45. Install R2, 100K ohm resistor (brown-black-yellow).
ˆ 46. Install C2, 100 pF disc capacitor (marked 100 or 101).
ˆ 47. Install R4, 100K ohm resistor (brown-black-yellow).
ˆ 48. Install jumper JMP5.
ˆ 49. Install jumper JMP6. You might notice that these last two jumpers go
from ground to ground. A solid ground connection is crucial in all audio,
digital, and RF circuits to prevent unwanted problems.
We’re almost there. The scrambling/descrambling portion of the circuit is
done. The few remaining components comprise the power supply stage.
Remember to follow along in the schematic and doublecheck your work as
you go.
ˆ 50. Install C17, a 1000 uF electrolytic capacitor. Be sure to orient it
correctly as shown in the parts diagram.
SS70A • 11
ˆ 51. Install C18, the last 10 uF. Watch that polarity!
ˆ 52. Install VR1, the 7805 voltage regulator. Orient it as shown in the
parts diagram, with the metal back facing edge of the PC board as
shown. This component provides a stable source of 5 volts to the MX128
IC chip, and throughout the speech scrambler.
CONGRATULATIONS
You have just completed your SS70A speech scrambler/descrambler unit.
Take a well deserved break now. Give your eyes a rest. When you return, be
sure to check over your work on the entire circuit board.
TESTING THE SS70A
Before we dive into testing of the SS70A, let’s review the various
connections that can be made to the unit. When we’re ready to actually test
and hook-up the scrambler, we’ll have to determine what configuration we
need for our application.
The SS70A requires a clean source of power from 9 to 15 Volt DC which is
connected to power input jack J5 (center pin is positive). Current
requirements are typically 250-500mA, which means a decent battery set (C
or D cells) or good quality power supply may be used. If you’re going to use
a cheapy wall adapter, be sure it is good for the required current and is well
filtered or you can expect lots of hum and noise.
Audio connections for the unit are made through the four 3.5 mm phone
jacks. On the receive side, either line or speaker level inputs may be
selected by S3. Output level is dependent upon J4 position. The transmit
connections are intended for microphone level use.
Line level is commonly used for amplifier inputs, i.e. tape, aux “in” on your
Hi-Fi or stereo tuner/amplifier. “Line level” is just a term that describes the
un-amplified audio signal (typically 1 volt peak to peak). It is generally used
for tape deck or earphone output circuit levels.
“Speaker level” is just what its name implies - an audio level sufficient to
drive a speaker. Remember, the better the speaker connected to the SS70A,
the better the sound quality.
SS70A • 12
Configuring the SS70A inputs:
LINE LEVEL INPUT
ˆ Depress pushbutton switch S3 OUT to the LINE position.
SPEAKER LEVEL INPUT
ˆ Set pushbutton switch S3 to the IN position to select SPEAKER level
input.
Configuring the SS70A outputs:
LINE LEVEL OUTPUT
ˆ Install the jumper block between the pins on J4 labeled “LINE”.
SPEAKER LEVEL OUTPUT
ˆ Install the jumper block between the pins on J4 labeled “SPEAKER”.
Before doing any hasty or blind experimenting, it is useful to understand
exactly what we are looking for in the operation of the SS70A Speech
Scrambler.
•
The TX path through the SS70A is used in two-way operation where we
wish to scramble our outgoing or transmitter audio.
•
The RX path through the SS70A is used for receiving and unscrambling
the scrambled audio. If you are simply using the SS70A for connection to
a scanner to decode some scrambled signals, this is the only path you
need concern yourself with.
•
Since the SS70A has the ability to operate duplex (both TX and RX
paths simultaneously), the unit can be configured to “test itself” by
sending audio through the unit - scrambling through the TX path and
unscrambling through the RX path.
TYPICAL HOOK-UPS
RECEIVER OR SCANNER CONNECTION:
For most scanner hook-ups, we simply connect to the scanner’s external
speaker or earphone jack and add another speaker to the output of the
SS70A. We configure the SS70A for SPEAKER input and output:
SS70A • 13
ˆ Set pushbutton switch S3 to the IN position to select SPEAKER level
input.
ˆ Install the jumper block between the pins on J4 labeled “SPEAKER” to
select speaker level output.
Connect the scanner’s audio output to J7, RX IN and connect your speaker
to J6 RX OUT.
SS-70A
TX OUT TX IN RX OUT RX IN POWER
Scanner or
Receiver
External Speaker
External Speaker or Earphone
TAPE RECORDER CONNECTION
In hooking up a tape recorder, we’ll make use of the SS70A’s TX and RX
paths. We’ll scramble the audio through the TX path and send it on to the
recorder’s input to be recorded. We’ll use the SS70A’s RX path to take the
recorder’s playback audio and unscramble.
Microphone
SS - 70A
TX OUT
TX IN
RX OUT RX IN POWER
Microphone
Input
External Speaker
External Speaker or Earphone
O
Once the wires are “hooked up”, energize the circuit and try taping a
scrambled message.Then try to playback and descramble it! While playing
SS70A • 14
the message back, switch the power switch to “bypass” mode to hear the
scrambled message.
TYPICAL TWO-WAY RADIO HOOKUP: (SS70A required at each end)
The two-way radio hookup is complicated somewhat by having to pay
attention to the PTT (Push To Talk) line of the radio transceiver. This line
“keys” the transmitter when the button is depressed, and cannot be excluded
from your wiring considerations. Our basic audio connections are very
simple, we run our mike audio through the SS70A’s TX path and route the
radio’s receive audio through the SS70A RX path. Due to the large number
of types of keying circuits, it is best to contact the transceiver manufacturer
concerning proper installation of this scrambler “in line” with your radio.
Once again it should be stated that the end user of this equipment should
familiarize themselves with any applicable laws concerning interception and
descrambling of any transmission employing speech inversion.
PTT Switch
Microphone
SS - 70A
TX OUT
TX IN
RX OUT
RX IN
Two Way Radio
Tranceiver
POWER
Ptt Line
Microphone
Input
External Speaker
External Speaker or Earphone
"Loop-through" Audio Test
Test speaker
Set S3 Input switch to LINE input
Set J4 jumper block for
SPEAKER
TX OUT TX IN RX OUT RX IN
Audio Source
SS70A • 15
POWER
TROUBLESHOOTING INSTRUCTIONS
Since this circuit contains relatively few components, problems are usually
due to mental errors rather than component failures. The most common
errors are in assembly, especially with the IC chips. Check for solder bridges
or splashes. Check your parts placement, “Hmmm... is that resistor in the
correct holes?” Have the electrolytic capacitors been installed the right way?
Check also for “cold” (dull or “bumpy” looking ) solder connections.
If you have looked it all over and cannot find the problem, another idea is to
have a friend check it as well. We’ve all looked at a board with an obvious
problem but seemed to have a “mental block” when we looked at our error
over and over.
If you own some test equipment (such as a VOM or oscilloscope) use some
good, logical trouble-shooting methods. Verify that the voltage regulator is
working correctly and that power is supplied to all the power “busses” shown
on the schematic. A scope can be used to trace the audio signals through
the forward and reverse paths of the circuit. Loop the audio through the SS70A, having it scramble and unscramble, compare to see where a problem
lies.
It’s maddening to us all to have a kit not work initially. Please understand
that, unfortunately, it is nearly impossible to troubleshoot over the phone,
and the best solution is to work the step-by-step assembly instructions
backwards to verify parts placement. This method usually solves the
problem.
WHAT IF I CAN’T DESCRAMBLE SOMETHING I HEAR?
Although the SS-70A utilizes the most common form of scrambling, it won’t
be able to decode all styles of scrambling. Let’s look at it realistically, do you
really think an expensive, truly secure communications link would be so
easily decoded - by a $50 kit no less? Communications is scrambled for a
reason, and that’s to keep other folks from listening in! In many cases,
simple speech inversion (as used in the SS-70A) provides enough security to
keep things private. When National security is at risk, only the most complex
and expensive schemes will do. Your local police department may fall
somewhere in between.
SS70A • 16
CONCLUSION
We sincerely hope that you have enjoyed the construction and use of this
Ramsey Kit. As always, we have tried to compose our manual in the
easiest, most “user friendly” format that is possible. As our customers, we
value your opinions, comments, and additions that you would like to see in
future publications. Please submit comments or ideas to:
Ramsey Electronics Inc.
590 Fishers Station Drive
Victor, NY 14564
And once again, thanks from the folks at Ramsey!
SS70A • 17
SS70A PARTS LAYOUT DIAGRAM
SS70A • 18
The Ramsey Kit Warranty
Please read carefully BEFORE calling or writing in about your kit. Most problems can be solved
without contacting the factory.
Notice that this is not a "fine print" warranty. We want you to understand your rights and ours too! All
Ramsey kits will work if assembled properly. The very fact that your kit includes this new manual is
your assurance that a team of knowledgeable people have field-tested several "copies" of this kit
straight from the Ramsey Inventory. If you need help, please read through your manual carefully, all
information required to properly build and test your kit is contained within the pages!
1. DEFECTIVE PARTS: It's always easy to blame a part for a problem in your kit, Before you conclude
that a part may be bad, thoroughly check your work. Today's semiconductors and passive components
have reached incredibly high reliability levels, and it’s sad to say that our human construction skills
have not! But on rare occasions a sour component can slip through. All our kit parts carry the Ramsey
Electronics Warranty that they are free from defects for a full ninety (90) days from the date of
purchase. Defective parts will be replaced promptly at our expense. If you suspect any part to be
defective, please mail it to our factory for testing and replacement. Please send only the defective part
(s), not the entire kit. The part(s) MUST be returned to us in suitable condition for testing. Please be
aware that testing can usually determine if the part was truly defective or damaged by assembly or
usage. Don't be afraid of telling us that you 'blew-it', we're all human and in most cases, replacement
parts are very reasonably priced.
2. MISSING PARTS: Before assuming a part value is incorrect, check the parts listing carefully to see
if it is a critical value such as a specific coil or IC, or whether a RANGE of values is suitable (such as
"100 to 500 uF"). Often times, common sense will solve a mysterious missing part problem. If you're
missing five 10K ohm resistors and received five extra 1K resistors, you can pretty much be assured
that the '1K ohm' resistors are actually the 'missing' 10 K parts ("Hum-m-m, I guess the 'red' band
really does look orange!") Ramsey Electronics project kits are packed with pride in the USA. If you
believe we packed an incorrect part or omitted a part clearly indicated in your assembly manual as
supplied with the basic kit by Ramsey, please write or call us with information on the part you need
and proof of kit purchase
3. FACTORY REPAIR OF ASSEMBLED KITS:
To qualify for Ramsey Electronics factory repair, kits MUST:
1. NOT be assembled with acid core solder or flux.
2. NOT be modified in any manner.
3. BE returned in fully-assembled form, not partially assembled.
4. BE accompanied by the proper repair fee. No repair will be undertaken until we have received the
MINIMUM repair fee (1/2 hour labor) of $25.00, or authorization to charge it to your credit card
account.
5. INCLUDE a description of the problem and legible return address. DO NOT send a separate letter;
include all correspondence with the unit. Please do not include your own hardware such as
non-Ramsey cabinets, knobs, cables, external battery packs and the like. Ramsey
Electronics, Inc., reserves the right to refuse repair on ANY item in which we find excessive
problems or damage due to construction methods. To assist customers in such situations,
Ramsey Electronics, Inc., reserves the right to solve their needs on a case-by-case basis.
The repair is $50.00 per hour, regardless of the cost of the kit. Please understand that our technicians
are not volunteers and that set-up, testing, diagnosis, repair and repacking and paperwork can take
nearly an hour of paid employee time on even a simple kit. Of course, if we find that a part was
defective in manufacture, there will be no charge to repair your kit (But please realize that our
technicians know the difference between a defective part and parts burned out or damaged through
improper use or assembly).
4. REFUNDS: You are given ten (10) days to examine our products. If you are not satisfied, you may
return your unassembled kit with all the parts and instructions and proof of purchase to the factory for
a full refund. The return package should be packed securely. Insurance is recommended. Please do
not cause needless delays, read all information carefully.
SS70A • 19
SPEECH SCRAMBLER SS70A
Quick Reference Page Guide
Introduction to the SS70A .............. 4
Circuit Description.......................... 5
Parts list ......................................... 7
Schematic diagram ........................ 8
Testing the SS70A ........................12
Hook-up configurations .................13
Troubleshooting ............................16
Parts Layout Diagram ...................18
Ramsey kit warranty .....................19
REQUIRED TOOLS
• Soldering Iron Ramsey WLC100
• Thin Rosin Core Solder Ramsey RTS12
• Needle Nose Pliers Ramsey MPP4 or RTS05
• Small Diagonal Cutters Ramsey RTS04
<OR> Technician’s Tool Kit TK405
ADDITIONAL SUGGESTED ITEMS
• Holder for PC Board/Parts Ramsey HH3
• Desoldering Braid Ramsey RTS08
• Digital Multimeter Ramsey M133
Price: $5.00
Ramsey Publication No. MSS70A
Assembly and Instruction manual for:
RAMSEY MODEL NO. SS70A SPEECH INVERSION KIT
RAMSEY ELECTRONICS, INC.
590 Fishers Station Drive
Victor, New York 14564
Phone
(585) 924-4560
Fax
(585) 924-4555
www.ramseykits.com
SS70A • 20
TOTAL SOLDER POINTS
162
ESTIMATED ASSEMBLY
TIME
Beginner .............. 5.0 hrs
Intermediate ........ 2.8 hrs
Advanced ............ 2.1 hrs