Romantis Satellite Communications UHP-1000 Specifications

SATELLITE ROUTER
UHP-1000
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL
Document release 2.5
(for routers with SW version 2.5.X)
JANUARY 2012
UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
CONTENT
Acronyms and Abbreviations ..........................................................................................................6
Introduction .....................................................................................................................................8
Required level of qualification ..................................................................................................................8
Document version and applicability..........................................................................................................8
Title............................................................................................................................................................8
Compliance to Standards ..........................................................................................................................8
1.
General description ..............................................................................................................9
1.1
System overview .......................................................................................................................9
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.1.3
1.1.4
1.1.5
1.1.6
1.1.7
1.2
Purpose .....................................................................................................................................9
Technical specifications ............................................................................................................9
Router composition ................................................................................................................11
Principles of operation............................................................................................................11
Measurement equipment, tools and accessories ..................................................................15
Labeling and sealing................................................................................................................15
Packaging and content............................................................................................................16
Description and principles of operation .................................................................................17
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.2.3
1.2.4
1.2.5
1.2.6
1.2.7
1.2.8
1.2.9
1.2.10
1.2.11
1.2.12
1.2.13
1.2.14
2.
Overview .................................................................................................................................17
Power connector (DC IN) ........................................................................................................17
LAN interface connector .........................................................................................................17
USB CONSOLE .........................................................................................................................17
RESET button ..........................................................................................................................17
High-speed demodulator IF input (SCPC RX) ..........................................................................18
Burst demodulator IF input (TDMA RX) ..................................................................................18
Modulator output (TX OUT) ...................................................................................................19
“ERROR” Indicator ..................................................................................................................19
“STATUS” Indicator ............................................................................................................20
“LOCK” Indicator ................................................................................................................20
“TDMA” Indicator ..............................................................................................................20
“SCPC” Indicator ................................................................................................................20
“TX” Indicator ....................................................................................................................20
Operations ..........................................................................................................................21
2.1
Operational limits ...................................................................................................................21
2.2
Preparation for use .................................................................................................................21
2.2.1
2.2.2
2.2.3
2.2.4
2.2.5
Unpacking ...............................................................................................................................21
Installation ..............................................................................................................................21
Connecting to external devices ..............................................................................................21
Powering on ............................................................................................................................22
Local access to router via HTTP interface ...............................................................................22
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
2.2.6
2.2.7
2.2.8
2.2.9
2.2.10
2.3
HTTP interface ........................................................................................................................23
Local access via USB................................................................................................................23
Remote Telnet access .............................................................................................................23
Command interface and command syntax.............................................................................24
Error alerts. ........................................................................................................................24
Interface management ...........................................................................................................25
2.4
Ethernet Interface...................................................................................................................26
2.4.1
2.5
ARP Protocol ...........................................................................................................................27
High-speed demodulator (SCPC Rx)........................................................................................28
2.5.1
2.5.2
2.5.3
2.5.4
2.5.5
2.6
Receiving signals from satellite...............................................................................................28
Searching the satellite carrier .................................................................................................29
SCPC demodulator control commands ...................................................................................29
Additional commands .............................................................................................................30
Standard sequence for operation with demodulator ............................................................32
Burst demodulator..................................................................................................................33
2.7
Modulator ...............................................................................................................................33
2.8
Controlled SCPC ......................................................................................................................36
2.9
Automatic Transmission Level Control (TLC) for SCPC ...........................................................38
2.10
IP traffic processing and routing .............................................................................................38
2.10.1
SVLAN overview.................................................................................................................38
2.10.2
IP-router ............................................................................................................................38
2.10.3
Router control commands .................................................................................................39
2.10.4
VLAN support.....................................................................................................................41
2.10.5
IP traffic screening .............................................................................................................42
2.10.6
Prioritization and DSCP ......................................................................................................43
2.10.7
Multicast routing ...............................................................................................................43
2.10.8
L2 bridging .........................................................................................................................46
2.10.9
DHCP protocol ...................................................................................................................46
2.10.10 Compressing RTP packet headers .....................................................................................47
2.11
Traffic Shaper ..........................................................................................................................47
2.12
TCP Acceleration .....................................................................................................................49
2.12.1
Configuration of TCP acceleration .....................................................................................50
2.13
Guidelines for actions in the event of faults during preparation ...........................................50
2.14
Satellite Pointing .....................................................................................................................50
2.14.1
Pointing with HTTP assistance ...........................................................................................51
2.14.2
Pointing via management console ....................................................................................51
2.14.3
Pointing with analog reference signal ...............................................................................52
2.14.4
Auto tracking signals during normal operations ...............................................................53
2.15
Operations ..............................................................................................................................53
2.15.1
2.15.2
© ROMANTIS 2012
Modes of operations .........................................................................................................53
Switching between modes of operations ..........................................................................53
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
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2.15.3
2.15.4
2.15.5
2.15.6
2.15.7
2.15.8
2.15.9
2.15.10
2.15.11
2.15.12
2.15.13
2.15.14
2.15.15
3.
Exploitation .........................................................................................................................60
3.1
Technical maintenance ...........................................................................................................60
3.2
Router software ......................................................................................................................60
3.2.1
3.2.2
4.
5.
Exploitation........................................................................................................................54
Troubleshooting ................................................................................................................54
Configuration management ..............................................................................................55
Events (LOGGING)..............................................................................................................56
Limitations to access to the router ....................................................................................56
SNMP protocol...................................................................................................................57
SNTP Protocol ....................................................................................................................57
Additional commands........................................................................................................58
Controlling router status ...................................................................................................58
Traffic diagnostics ..............................................................................................................58
Powering off ......................................................................................................................59
Safety instructions for operations .....................................................................................59
Actions in case of fire ........................................................................................................59
Software boot management...................................................................................................60
Software update .....................................................................................................................62
Maintenance .......................................................................................................................63
4.1
Replacement of modules ........................................................................................................63
4.1.1
4.1.2
4.2
Common recommendations ...................................................................................................63
Safety instructions ..................................................................................................................63
Resetting to default settings...................................................................................................63
STORAGE, TRANSPORTATION AND DISPOSAL ....................................................................64
FIGURES
Figure 1 Satellite communication terrestrial station layout .......................................................................12
Figure 2 Typical network diagram for SCPC dedicated channel..................................................................12
Figure 3 Typical network diagram for MCPC broadcasting. ........................................................................13
Figure 4 Typical TDM/TDMA network diagram...........................................................................................14
Figure 5 Typical HUBLESS TDMA network diagram. ...................................................................................15
Figure 6 Standard labeling of satellite router .............................................................................................16
Figure 7 Packaging and content ..................................................................................................................16
Figure 8 UHP-1000 series modem – rear view ............................................................................................17
Figure 9 Radio equipment power supply control........................................................................................18
Figure 10 Satellite Router UHP-1000 series front view...............................................................................19
Figure 11 Example of router’s connection in SCPC or TDM/TDMA terminal modes ..................................22
Figure 12 Example of router's connection in TDM/TDMA MESH mode .....................................................22
Figure 13 Router statistics page ..................................................................................................................23
Figure 14 Graphical example of the entire signal path via satellite and antenna system ..........................28
Figure 15 Satellite carrier search algorithm ................................................................................................29
Figure 16 Routing layout with examples of commands ..............................................................................39
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
Figure 17 IP traffic screening .......................................................................................................................42
Figure 18 Prioritization of traffic on the modulator....................................................................................43
Figure 19 LAN multicast traffic handling algorithm ....................................................................................44
Figure 20 Satellite multicast traffic handling algorithm ..............................................................................44
Figure 21 Principle of operation of Traffic Shaper ......................................................................................47
Figure 22 Example of Traffic Shaper operation...........................................................................................48
Figure 23 HTTP Information about the quality of signal reception ............................................................51
Figure 24 Pinout of USB Console interface .................................................................................................52
Figure 25 Router reboot procedure ............................................................................................................61
Figure 26 Router resetting to default procedure ........................................................................................63
TABLES
Table 1 UHP-1000 Satellite Router Specifications ........................................................................................9
Table 2 High-speed demodulator performance DVB-S mode.....................................................................10
Table 3 High-speed demodulator performance DVB-S2 QPSK mode (8 Msps) ..........................................10
Table 4 High-speed demodulator performance DVB-S2 8PSK mode (8 Msps) ...........................................11
Table 5 High-speed demodulator performance DVB-S2 16APSK mode (8 Msps) ......................................11
Table 6 Burst demodulator performance (SlotLen=8) ................................................................................11
Table 7 Operational limits ...........................................................................................................................21
Table 8 Modulator parameters ...................................................................................................................33
Table 9 Supported FEC modes ....................................................................................................................34
Table 10 Troubleshooting guide..................................................................................................................54
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
16APSK
16 Amplitude and Phase-shift keying or Asymmetric Phase-shift keying, (APSK), is a digital modulation
scheme that conveys data by changing, or modulating, both the amplitude and the phase of a reference
signal (the carrier wave).
8PSK
Phase-shift keying (PSK) is a digital modulation scheme that conveys data by changing, or modulating, the
phase of a reference signal (the carrier wave).
AGC
Automatic Gain Control
BCH
BCH code is a multilevel cyclic variable-length digital error-correcting code used for correcting multiple
random error patterns. BCH codes may also be used with multilevel phase-shift keying whenever the
number of levels is a prime number or a power of a prime number.
BUC
Block Up-Converter (BUC) is used in the transmission (uplink) of satellite signals. It converts a band (or
"block") of frequencies from a lower frequency to a higher frequency.
C/N
Carrier-to-noise ratio, often written as CNR or C/N, is the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of a modulated signal.
CRTP
Compressing IP/UDP/RTP Headers for Low-Speed Serial Links
DSCP
Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) is a 6-bit field in the header of IP packets for packet classification
purposes. DSCP replaces the outdated IP precedence, a 3-bit field in the Type of Service byte of the IP
header originally used to classify and prioritize types of traffic
DVB
Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) is a suite of internationally accepted open standards for digital television.
Eb/No
Eb/N0 (the energy per bit to noise power spectral density ratio) is an important parameter in digital
communication or data transmission. It is a normalized signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) measure, also known as
the "SNR per bit". It is especially useful when comparing the bit error rate (BER) performance of different
digital modulation schemes without taking bandwidth into account.
EIRP
Effective Isotropically Radiated Power
ETSI
The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) is an independent, non-profit,
standardization organization in the telecommunications industry (equipment makers and network
operators) in Europe, with worldwide projection.
FEC
In telecommunication and information theory, forward error correction (FEC) is a system of error control
for data transmission, whereby the sender adds redundant data to its messages, also known as an errorcorrection code.
HTTP
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application-level protocol for distributed, collaborative,
hypermedia information systems.
HUB
Central Station of satellite network that is managing all the terminals and resources
HW
Hardware
ICMP
The Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) is used by networked devices to send error messages—
indicating, for instance, that a requested service is not available or that a host or router could not be
reached.
IESS
Intelsat Earth Station Standards
IGMP
The Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) is a communications protocol used by hosts and
adjacent routers on IP networks to establish multicast group memberships.
IP
IP is the usual abbreviation for Internet Protocol.
LDPC
Low-density parity-check (LDPC) code is a linear error correcting code, a method of transmitting a message
over a noisy transmission channel, and is constructed using a sparse bipartite graph.
LNB
Low-noise block converter is the receiving converter installed at satellite antenna.
MCPC
Multiple Channels per Carrier
NMS
Network Management System
Node Station
Terminal of satellite network which is able to receive information directly from other network terminals
ODU
Out-Door Unit
QPSK
Phase-shift keying (PSK) is a digital modulation scheme that conveys data by changing, or modulating, the
phase of a reference signal (the carrier wave).
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
RSV
Reed–Solomon error correction is an error-correcting code that works by oversampling a polynomial
constructed from the data.
SCPC
Single Channel Per Carrier
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol
SNTP
Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) is a protocol and software implementation for synchronizing the
clocks of computer systems over packet-switched, variable-latency data networks.
SNR
Signal-to-noise ratio is an electrical engineering measurement defined as the ratio of a signal power to the
noise power corrupting the signal.
SR
Symbol Rate
SW
Software
TDM
Time Division Multiplexing
TDMA
Time Division Multiple Access
Telnet
Telecommunication Network (Telnet) is a network protocol used on the Internet or local area networks to
provide a bidirectional interactive communications facility. Typically, telnet provides access to a commandline interface on a remote host via a virtual terminal connection.
Terminal
Earth Stations (usually VSAT) operated under management of network HUB
TFTP
Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) is a file transfer protocol, with the functionality of a very basic form of
File Transfer Protocol (FTP).
UDP
The User Datagram Protocol (UDP) is the set of network protocols used for the Internet. With UDP,
computer applications can send messages, in this case referred to as datagram, to other hosts on an
Internet Protocol (IP) network without requiring prior communications to set up special transmission
channels or data paths.
USB
USB (Universal Serial Bus) is a specification to establish communication between devices and a host
controller (usually personal computers).
VLAN
A virtual LAN, commonly known as a VLAN, is a group of hosts with a common set of requirements that
communicate as if they were attached to the same broadcast domain, regardless of their physical location.
VoIP
Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is a general term for a family of transmission technologies for delivery
of voice communications over IP networks such as the Internet or other packet-switched networks.
VSAT
Very Small Aperture Terminal – satellite earth station with small-size antenna
X-modem
Simple file-transfer protocol
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
INTRODUCTION
This document presents a general description of the UHP-1000 series satellite routers and is intended for
familiarization with the system capabilities and specifications. This manual describes all the key modes of the
router operations. Some of such modes of operations are described in the separate manuals – attachments to this
document.
Required level of qualification
This manual is intended for engineering personnel operating the UHP -based satellite networks. The engineers
have to have a basic radio engineering education, experience in administration of data networks.
Document version and applicability
UHP-1000 Satellite router is a basic element of network architecture and can be used at any level of network
hierarchy. The functionality of the router and its modes of operations are determined by the activated software
features.
This document version is 2.5 and it’s applicable for all UHP-1000 series satellite routers with SW release 2.5.X and
serial numbers above 3501. When ordering this document please specify its article: RD.IOM1.EN2.5.
Title
The content of this document is the intellectual property of Romantis GmbH (referred to below as Romantis).
Copying or quoting this description as a whole or of any part of it without Romantis written permission is
prohibited.
Compliance to Standards
Romantis declares that all manufactured UHP-1000 series satellite routers comply with international industrial
standards and requirements, namely to:

ETSI EN 301 428 – Earth stations and satellite communication systems.

ETSI EN 301 489-1 & -12 - Electromagnetic compatibility and RF spectrum.

EN 60 950-1 – Telecommunication devices safety.

Requirements to satellite communication earth stations operating in the Eutelsat system (type approval).

Requirements to satellite communication land stations operating in the Intelsat system (IESS-308).
© ROMANTIS 2012
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
1.
1.1
1.1.1
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
System overview
Purpose
UHP satellite routers are essentially a universal solution for geographically distributed VSAT-class satellite
communication networks. UHP routers can be used to organize simple point-to-point channels, “star”- and
“mesh”-topology networks with several hierarchy levels and bandwidth-on-demand capabilities.
UHP VSAT platform is based on many innovation technologies. It was developed using long-term experience in
satellite service provisioning. Nowadays electronics achievements made it possible to make VSAT platform
compact and assure its efficiency and reach functionality.
1.1.2
Technical specifications
Table 1 UHP-1000 Satellite Router Specifications
PARAMETER
SPECIFICATION
MODULATOR
Operation mode
Modulation
Transmission data rate
Forward Error Coding
Output spectrum
Auto adjustment
Continuous (SCPC, MCPC) DVB-S1, DVB-S2 CCM, DVB-S2 Short and DVB-S2
Long-frame
Burst (TDMA)
SCPC: QPSK, 8PSK (DVB-S2), 16APSK (with DVB-S2)
TDMA: QPSK, 8PSK (future SW deployment)
DVB-S1: 250-34000 kSps (240-54000 kbps)
DVB-S2: 550-32000 kSps (530-86000 kbps)
TDMA: 100-4000 kSps (130-6000 kbps)
Step – 1 kSps
DVB-S1 (Viterbi+RS) 1/2 , 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8;
DVB-S2 (LDPC&BCH ) 1/3, 2/5, 1/2, 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 4/5, 5/6, 8/9, 9/10
TDMA (LDPC) 2/3, 5/6
In compliance with IESS-308
Power Level
HIGH-SPEED DEMODULATOR
Operation mode
Receive datarate
Modulation
Continuous (SCPC, MCPC) DVB-S and DVB-S2
Up to 86 Mbit/s
QPSK (DVB-S/S2), 8PSK (DVB-S2), 16APSK (DVB-S2)
BURST DEMODULATOR
Operation mode
Receive datarate
Modulation
Forward Error Coding
Burst (TDMA)
Up to 6 Mbps (LDPC)
QPSK
FEC 2/3, 5/6 LDPC
INTERFACES
LAN (User Interface)
Control console
IF reception (SCPC Rx and TDMA Rx)
IF transmission (Tx OUT)
1
2
Ethernet 10/100Base-T, RJ-45
USB
950-2050 MHz
LNB converter power supply 13.5 VDC / 18 V (0.75A)
Reference frequency 10 MHz / +5 dBm (TDMA Rx)
1
950 -1550 MHz
2
Output power -30… -5 dBm with 0.1 dBm steps
Reference frequency 10 MHz / +5 dBm
Up to 1700 MHz with no guaranty
Up to -36… -1 dBm with no guaranty
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
Table 1 UHP-1000 Satellite Router Specifications
PARAMETER
SPECIFICATION
Transmitter power supply 24 VDC (2A), with power-off capability
ROUTER
Routing
IP-address support on the device
Efficiency
Static routing and route announcement (RIP2 protocol)
Up to 1000
96 Mbps (limited by LAN) or 28,000 pps
Up to 1000 routes in the Table without losses in routing efficiency
IP Multicast / DSCP / VLAN (+port tagging) / CRTP / IGMP
3, adaptive
WWW, Telnet, SNMP-V2C
TFTP, X-modem (3 banks for various versions)
Support
Prioritization levels
Control and monitoring
SW upgrade
HUB MODE TDM/TDMA
Network size
Up to 252 terminals per each return channel (Inroute)
up to 31 Inroutes per Network
Point-to-point, Point-to-multipoint, TDM/TDMA Mesh, Full Mesh TDMA
Topologies
ENVIRONMENT (IDU)
Supply voltage
Power consumption, W
Temperature range
Maximum humidity
Overall dimensions, mm
Brutto weight, kg, max
~ 100-240 VAC or 24 VDC
<10W router, up to 80W with RF (Outdoor) equipment
0
0…+40 C
0
Up to 90% @ 25 С
145 х 30 х 155 (router); 165 х 75 х 45 (power supply unit)
0,53 (router); 0,85 (power supply unit)
Table 2 High-speed demodulator performance DVB-S mode
FEC (BER<=10E-8)
(C+N)/N*
C/N
Eb/No,
1/2
5.0
3.4
3.7
2/3
6.1
4.9
4.0
3/4
7.0
6.0
4.6
5/6
7.8
7.0
5.1
7/8
8.5
7.8
5.8
Table 3 High-speed demodulator performance DVB-S2 QPSK mode (8 Msps)
FEC
(BER<=10E-8)
1/3
2/5
1/2
3/5
2/3
3/4
4/5
5/6
8/9
9/10
© ROMANTIS 2012
DVB-S2 QPSK CCM, ACM-LONG
DVB-S2 QPSK ACM-SHORT
(C+N)/N*
C/N
Eb/No,
(C+N)/N*
C/N
Eb/No
-
0,9
2,4
3,2
4,1
4,8
5,1
6,3
6,5
1,0
1,6
2,0
2,4
2,8
2,9
3,8
4,0
2,6
3,0
3,5
4,5
5,0
5,6
6,2
6,6
7,3
-
-0,86
-0,02
0,9
2,6
3,3
4.2
5,0
5,5
6,4
-
0,9
1.0
1,0
1,8
2,1
2,5
3,0
3,3
3,9
-
3,5
4,4
4,9
5,5
6,1
6,3
7,2
7,4
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
Table 4 High-speed demodulator performance DVB-S2 8PSK mode (8 Msps)
FEC
(BER<=10E-8)
(C+N)/N*
C/N
Eb/No,
(C+N)/N*
C/N
Eb/No
3/5
2/3
3/4
5/6
8/9
9/10
6,7
7,7
8,8
10,2
11,5
11,6
5,7
6,9
8,2
9,7
11,1
11,3
3,2
4,0
4,7
5,8
6,9
7,1
8,3
8,2
9,2
10,3
11,6
-
7,6
7,5
8,6
9,9
11,3
-
5,1
4,5
5,1
5,9
7,1
-
DVB-S2 8PSK CCM, ACM-LONG
DVB-S2 8PSK ACM-SHORT
Table 5 High-speed demodulator performance DVB-S2 16APSK mode (8 Msps)
FEC
(BER<=10E-8)
(C+N)/N*
C/N
Eb/No,
(C+N)/N*
C/N
Eb/No
2/3
3/4
4/5
5/6
8/9
9/10
10,4
11,1
11,7
12,2
13,5
13,7
10,0
10,8
11,4
11,9
13,3
13,5
5,8
6,0
6,4
6,7
7,8
8,0
10,7
11,3
12,1
12,5
13,6
-
10,3
11,0
11,8
12,2
13,4
-
6,1
6,2
6,8
7,1
7,9
-
DVB-S2 16APSK CCM, ACM-LONG
DVB-S2 16APSK ACM-SHORT
Table 6 Burst demodulator performance (SlotLen=8)
FEC (BER<=10E-7)
(C+N)/N*
C/N
Eb/No
1.1.3
2/3
6.5
5.4
4.2
5/6
7.7
6.9
4.7
Router composition
UHP-1000 router consists of:
1.
High-speed SCPC/MCPC demodulator
2.
Burst demodulator
3.
Universal modulator
4.
Router
5.
Controller
6.
PSU - Power supply
PSU is an external device and provides a satellite router with power of 24VDC. UHP-1000 satellite router can be
powered from any external DC power circuit with 24VDC and sufficient current.
1.1.4
Principles of operation
UHP-1000 Satellite Router is an in-door part of Satellite Earth Station. The outdoor part of the Earth station
consists of:

Satellite antenna;

Block Up-Converter (BUC);
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)

Low-noise converter (LNB);

Pair of coaxial cables connecting Outdoor and Indoor units.
Parabolic antenna
LAN User interface
(10/100 BaseT)
LNB converter
220 VAC
or
24 VDC
Power supply
IF coaxial cable (transmit)
Block-Up-Converter
(BUC)
IF coaxial cable (receive)
UHP satellite router
Figure 1 Satellite communication terrestrial station layout
HUB and Terminal layout is similar and can differ in the size of the antennas and RF equipment used, as well as by
the satellite router type.
UHP-1000 routers can operate in the different modes depending on activated mode of operations:

SCPC – a dedicated channel mode when Terminals interact with each other or with a HUB via fixed
dedicated satellite bandwidth with a guaranteed physical level capacity (see Figure 2). Each terminal
transmits one dedicated channel that will be received by opposite terminal. This mode is appropriate
for channels with high capacity and steady high traffic. Hub is not required in this mode.
Satellite
2
1
2
UHP Terminal
SCPC
UHP-1000
Universal
Modulator
1
Burst
Demodulator
Universal
Modulator
High-speed
Demodulator
Burst
Demodulator
Router
Router
Net 1
UHP Terminal
SCPC
High-speed
Demodulator
UHP-1000
Net 2
Figure 2 Typical network diagram for SCPC dedicated channel.

Broadcasting network with dedicated MCPC channel. There two types of Earth Stations in such
networks:
© ROMANTIS 2012
o
Uplink station that is continuously broadcasting MCPC carrier that containing information for
a specific network station or for a group of such stations. When necessary Uplink station may
control the quality of its transmission by receiving its carrier back from the satellite.
o
Unlimited number of stations that are receiving the carrier from the satellite and route any
traffic intended for this destination to its LAN port. Such stations are, normally, receive-only
without any transmission path.
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
Satellite
1
UHP Terminal
MCPC
1
1
UHP Uplink
MCPC
UHP-1000
Universal
Modulator
Burst
demodulator
High-speed
demodulator
Router
Universal
modulator
Burst
demodulator
Users
High-speed
demodulator
1
UHP Terminal
SCPC
Router
UHP-1000
Data source
UHP-1000
Universal
Modulator
Burst
demodulator
High-speed
demodulator
Users
Router
Figure 3 Typical network diagram for MCPC broadcasting.

TDM/TDMA network – a network mode with dynamic redistribution of satellite network capacity
consisting of Hub and Terminals. The TDM/TDMA network consists of:
© ROMANTIS 2012
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Hub is a central station of the network that is managing operations of all Network Terminals
and distributing the bandwidth accordingly to actual traffic load and predefined QoS. Hub is
also acting as a gateway, concentrating and routing traffic of all Network Terminals to/from
external networks. Hub consists of one or several UHP-1000 routers depending on network
size. (See Figure 4)
Hub constantly broadcasts common MCPC carrier - Outroute (1) dedicated to all network
Terminals. Hub uses Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) to deliver data to specific terminal or
to some group of terminals. Such data consists of user traffic and network management
commands.
Hub receives its Outroute channel from the satellite for calculation of the Time To Satellite
(TTS) delay that is required for network synchronization.
o
Terminal - is network access equipment that interacts with the Hub in Hub/Spoke (Star)
topology. Terminals receive the MCPC Outroute (1) broadcasted from the Hub and respond
to the Hub via Time Divided Multiple Access (TDMA) carrier - Inroute (2). One or several
TDMA Inroutes are shared between groups of Terminals. Each Terminal transmits its
information as packets (burst) to individually-assigned time-slot determined by the Hub.
o
Mesh Terminal – an advanced mode of operation of basic Terminal that allows
simultaneously receiving information from the Hub and other remotes. Mesh Terminal is
also based on UHP-1000 router, but with enabled burst demodulator (which is software
activated option of any UHP-1000 router). In such advanced mode Terminals may exchange
information in-between each other in one-satellite hop without any transit via Hub. Mesh
Terminals allow creating network of any topology e.g. "tree", "star of stars", ”Mesh”, etc.
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
Satellite
UHP Hub
TDM/TDMA HUB
1
1
2
Universal
modulator
Burst
demodulator
2
UHP Terminal
TDM/TDMA STAR
Universal
modulator
High-speed
demodulator
Burst
demodulator
High-speed
demodulator
Router
Router
UHP-1000
UHP-1000
External
networks
Users
2
2
1
1
UHP Mesh Terminal
TDM/TDMA MESH
Universal
modulator
Burst
demodulator
UHP Mesh Terminal
TDM/TDMA MESH
High-speed
demodulator
Universal
modulator
Router
Burst
demodulator
High-speed
demodulator
Router
UHP-1000
UHP-1000
Users
Users
Figure 4 Typical TDM/TDMA network diagram.

HUBLESS TDMA Network (see Figure 5) consists of equal Earth Stations (Hubless Stations) that
interact with each other through a common TDMA channel (1). This channel is used by all Hubless
Stations to send and receive information with dynamic reallocation of the resource on demand.
Theoretically, all network resources can be concentrated just for transmission or receive of one
particular Network Station, if no other traffic in the network.
One of the Network Stations acts as a Master and takes over the functions of dynamic network
resource allocation between other Stations. To ensure Mesh interactions between all the Stations a
satellite link budget should be designed in such a way that all Stations properly receive each other.
The minimum criterion is that all Network Stations properly receive the bursts of Master Station and
vice versa. However, the network designed under such minimal criteria will behave as Star-topology
system with a center at the Master Station.
High-speed demodulator in Hubless TDMA network is not in use and can be used to receive some
additional traffic via MCPC carrier, such as broadband Internet. It could be a carrier from the same or
from another satellite.
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
Satellite
UHP Master Station
HUBLESS TDMA (Master)
1
1
UHP Slave Station
HUBLESS TDMA
UHP-1000
Universal
modulator
Burst
Demodulator
UHP-1000
High-speed
Demodulator
Universal
modulator
Router
Burst
Demodulator
Router
Users
Users
1
1
UHP Slave Station
HUBLESS TDMA
UHP Slave Station
HUBLESS TDMA
UHP-1000
UHP-1000
Universal
modulator
High-speed
Demodulator
Burst
Demodulator
Universal
modulator
High-speed
Demodulator
Burst
Demodulator
High-speed
Demodulator
Router
Router
Users
Users
Figure 5 Typical HUBLESS TDMA network diagram.
1.1.5
Measurement equipment, tools and accessories
Standard computer (notebook) is required to configure and monitor status of -1000 satellite router. The computer
must be equipped with a LAN interface and USB, and also have the following software installed:

Internet browser (WEB browser)

Telnet Client

The Terminal (e.g.: Hyperterminal, included in the OS Windows) (optional)
The router can be accessed via LAN or USB ports. Standard USB AM/BM cable (not supplied) is required for
connection to USB “Console” port of the satellite router.
Connection of a computer to the router via LAN interface is implemented through the Ethernet switch or hub via a
standard network cable with RJ-45 connectors (not supplied).
1.1.6
Labeling and sealing
The product is marked with the unique Serial Number, as well as Part Number on the bottom of the router case.
The warranty seals are located on the bottom of the product, at the junction of the two parts of the case. Product
warranty will automatically void if such labels have been removed, modified or damaged.
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
Figure 6 Standard labeling of satellite router
1.1.7
Packaging and content
Satellite router comes in a 335x205x55 mm box with gross weight 1,300 grams. It is recommended to keep original
packaging throughout the entire lifetime. Conservation, storage and transportation of the terminal must be in
original packaging.
Standard UHP-1000 package includes:
1. Satellite router UHP-1000
2. PSU
3. AC Power Cord
4. Documentation on CD-ROM
5. Stickers with description of the indicators
Figure 7 Packaging and content
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
1.2
1.2.1
Description and principles of operation
Overview
Each module of -1000 satellite router has its own interface to external devices. All the interfaces are
located on the rear panel of the device. The indicators are located on the front panel. LAN Indicators are
integrated into the LAN connector on the back of the router.
Figure 8 UHP-1000 series modem – rear view
1.2.2
Power connector (DC IN)
UHP-1000 router is powered with 24 VDC. AC Power supply adaptor is supplied with the set. The router can be
powered from a DC power source (batteries, DC-DC converter), but the specific power supply mode should be
agreed upon with the Manufacturer. Power supply connector features dimensions 5.5 / 2.1 mm (outer and inner
diameters). Positive terminal of the source is on the central contact.
1.2.3
LAN interface connector
LAN connector is purposed for connecting to Ethernet switch using a straight cable. Bit rate 10 or 100 and duplex
mode are software selectable. Indicators built into the connector mean the following: left one (green) –
connection (Link) and data transmission (Activity), the right one –yellow) – activation of half-duplex mode.
1.2.4
USB CONSOLE
The console port provides local control of the device.
1.2.5
RESET button
Router reset is provided using this button. Also, using special combination of pressings this button allows router
reset to factory settings.
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
Input 24V
Self-recovery fuse
demod lnb power on|off
DC-DC
modulator power on|off
13V
demod polarization a|b hor|ver
10 MHz
Tx Out
modulator reference on|off
18V
TDMA Rx
SCPC Rx
tdma reference on|off
Figure 9 Radio equipment power supply control.
1.2.6
High-speed demodulator IF input (SCPC RX)
SCPC-RX is one of the two signal inputs to receive signals from the satellite (LNB). This input is designed to receive
continuous (SCPC/MCPC) carriers in DVB-S and DVB-S2 formats from the satellite. The input, on the router side,
can be fed with 13 or 18 V power supply. Whether power source in on or off, the input can withstand external
voltage up to 50 V (power supply circuit is provided with a diode). Short circuiting is not welcome since it creates
high load on the device. Power supply circuit is protected with a thermal fuse operating in case of short circuiting.
After short circuiting is removed it may be required to disconnect load from Rx inputs for several seconds so as to
allow the fuse to return to its initial state.
Cable length and cable quality (losses level) can affect the quality and possibility of receiving signals.
1.2.7
Burst demodulator IF input (TDMA RX)
TDMA-RX is the second input for the signal from the satellite (LNB). This input is designed to receive bursts (TDMA)
in UHP proprietary format. The input can also provide, from the router side, supply voltage 13 or 18 V, similar
voltages being simultaneously fed to both inputs. The router can feed this input with a reference signal for using
PLL LNB requiring external reference signal. When reference signal is switched off the router will not distort
reference signal arriving at the input from outside. The rest conditions are similar to those across SCPC RX.
THE TOTAL CURRENT CONSUMED BY EXTERNAL EQUIPMENT THROUGH BOTH RX INPUTS SHOULD NOT BE IN EXCESS OF
750 MA. NORMALLY, CURRENT CONSUMPTION BY DRO LNB - 150 MА, PLL LNB - 500 MА.
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
Figure 10 Satellite Router UHP-1000 series front view
1.2.8
Modulator output (TX OUT)
TX OUT OUTPUT CAN FEATURE 24 VDC WITH A HIGH SHORT-CIRCUIT CURRENT. SHORT CIRCUITING CAN CAUSE
SPARKLE SPREAD AND BURNS. THIS VOLTAGE CAN DAMAGE MEASUREMENT EQUIPMENT IF IT IS NOT PROTECTED AT ITS
INPUTS. SUPPLYING EXTERNAL VOLTAGE TO THIS CONNECTOR IS OBJECTIONABLE AND SUPPLYING MORE THAN 24 V IS
PROHIBITED.
UHP-1000 modulator is compatible with most satellite transmitters/converters (BUC). Those incompatible are only
transmitters that require to explicit “TX On” FSK command but such transmitters are extremely rare and are not
widely employed.
Modulator is connected directly to the transmitter IF connector. Router provides 24 VDC power supply to the
transmitter and 10 MHz reference signal. UHP-1000 is not provided with a separate protection on the transmitter
power supply circuitry. Use is made of current protection for the power supply adapter. In case of a short circuit
the router is de-energized and then gets restarted. If power supply is switched on in the configuration, restarts
continue at 5 seconds interval until short circuiting is removed.
ANY OPERATIONS WITH IF TX CABLE SHOULD BE PERFORMED WITH 24 V SUPPLY VOLTAGE TURNED OFF. OTHERWISE,
SELF-INDUCTION ACROSS A LONG CABLE CAN DAMAGE THE TRANSMITTER AND/OR ROUTER.
1.2.9
“ERROR” Indicator
“ERROR” red indicator makes it possible to infer about problems in the router functioning. The type of the
generated problem can be judged by the number of indicator flashes:
1 – Demodulator cannot receive MCPC channel from the Hub (other Terminal). Please check AGC value in the
demodulator statistics to determine whether there is a signal from antenna (see description of reception
problems) to separate LNB and cable faults.
2 – Router cannot receive TDMA configuration from the HUB (TDM/TDMA network mode). The reason can be in
the non-availability of receive channel from the HUB, CRC errors during reception, wrong configuration of the
Terminal.
3 - Router cannot calculate time shift with respect to the HUB. The reason can be in the non-availability of
reception or a large number of CRC errors during reception.
4 – HUB cannot receive signal from this terminal. Please check transmit signal level of the terminal, whether power
supply and the reference signal for the transmitter are switched on (or off if required), whether DTTS or
geographical coordinates are set correctly in the TDMA settings.
Continuous signal means that the router has hardware or configuration errors, which can be viewed with the
command "show errors" (see paragraph 2.2.10)
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
1.2.10
“STATUS” Indicator
“STATUS” green indicator indicates the router operation mode. This indicator is always flashing. If it does not flash
it means that the router is not functioning (please check power supply). Slow flashing (once every second) means
router normal operation. Faster flashing (3 times every second) means that a Telnet remote control session is
established (in this case USB console does not operate until session is over).
Fast (6 times every second), simultaneous flashing of “ERROR” and “STATUS” indicators means that the router is
functioning with the factory default configuration. Access to the router in this mode is possible either via USB of
via IP-address 192.168.222.222 (mask 255.255.255.248 or /29).
1.2.11
“LOCK” Indicator
“LOCK” green indicator indicates whether the router receives a channel from the central station. If there are CRC
errors during reception of information from the channel (e.g. with weak signal from the antenna), the indicator
extinguishes for a fraction of a second at every error. If there are too many errors the indicator may not glow at all
in spite of the fact that the router receives the channel (in this case please check the router demodulator
statistics).
1.2.12
“TDMA” Indicator
“TDMA” yellow indicator flashes every time a data placket is received via TDMA RX interface.
1.2.13 “SCPC” Indicator
“SCPC” yellow indicator flashes every time a data placket is received via SCPC RX interface.
1.2.14 “TX” Indicator
“TX” yellow indicator flashes every time a data placket is transmitted in the MCPC mode, and also a blank packet –
in the TDMA mode (if no data is available for transmission).
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
2.
OPERATIONS
2.1
Operational limits
Table 7 Operational limits
Limits
#
Parameter
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
PSU Input voltage
Router DC Input voltage
Output current at Tx Out interface
Input voltage on the Tx Out interface
Output current at Rх SCPC or RX TDMA
Input voltage on other interfaces
Operational temperature
Relative humidity (@ 250С)
Atmospheric pressure (mm Hg)
Mechanical impacts (acceleration with an amplitude
not exceeding 1,25 mm):
- in a range 0,5 – 15 Hz:
- in a range 15-40 Hz:
- in a range 40-300 Hz:
10
2.2
Minimum
100 VAC
23 VDC
0С
0%
720
Maximum
240 VAC
25 VDC
2A
24 V
0,75 А
18 V
+40 0C
90%
770
2,45 m/s
5,88 m/s
14,7 m/s
Preparation for use
2.2.1
Unpacking
Before opening the packaging please check a safety of transport container. If there is any visible damage of
packaging you should keep it as long as the delivered equipment will be properly tested.
Unpack the router in the following order:
1.
Extract from a cardboard box the router, power supply, power cord and a CD with documentation.
2.
Store all packing materials for further storage or shipment of equipment.
3.
Check equipment for the presence of any possible damage resulting from transportation.
4.
Check the completeness of supply in accordance with the packing slip.
2.2.2
Installation
UHP-1000 Router is designed for installation on any flat, stable surface or on a shelf in the rack with the equipment
or for installation in 5'' bay of standard computer/server.
When installing in a rack or on a flat surface, make sure you have enough free space for ventilation of the power
supply and the router (not less than 2 cm). When installing the router inside the computer or other systems we
recommend using forced cooling to guarantee the normal thermal environment of the router.
2.2.3
Connecting to external devices
All wire connections must be performed before powering up the router. IF cable connectors should be screwed to
the router without use of any mechanical instruments. Please, avoid excessive force when connecting IF cables.
WARNING! DO NOT CONNECT OR DISCONNECT ANY CONNECTING CABLES TO THE ROUTER WITH THE POWER ON. THIS
CAN LEAD TO A FAILURE OF THE ROUTER AND CONNECTED DEVICES.
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
BUC
ETHERNET SWITCH
UHP-1000
LNB
Tx
(24V, 10MHz)
LAN
TDMA Rx
User’s equipment
MCPC Rx
(18V)
Figure 11 Example of router’s connection in SCPC or TDM/TDMA terminal modes
Typically, the router UHP-1000 is connected to individual RF frequency equipment (ODU). In such
configuration IF output of the modulator is connected to the power amplifier BUC, and the input of
high-speed demodulator to LNB (Figure 11). The router will supply the BUC with 24V power and 10MHz
reference signal. Also, the router may provide LNB with 18V DC power. The user’s equipment should be
connected to the router via Ethernet switch or hub, if you plan to connect only one device, it can be
connected directly with Ethernet cross-over cable.
BUC
ETHERNET SWITCH
UHP-1000
Tx
LNB
IF splitter
(24V, 10MHz)
LAN
TDMA Rx
(18V, 10MHz)
User’s equipment
MCPC Rx
Figure 12 Example of router's connection in TDM/TDMA MESH mode
In the TDM/TDMA MESH mode the inputs of high-speed and burst demodulators should be connected to LNB via
IF splitter (Figure 12). Such splitter has to ensure by-pass of DC for powering of the LNB and 10 MHz reference
signal (required for PLL LNB normally used with Mesh terminals or Hubless Stations).
2.2.4
Powering on
In a few seconds after powering the router it is ready for use. Readiness of the router will be confirmed by
"STATUS" LED indicator (blinking with a period of 1 second), as well as by single flashes of "ERROR" indicator,
meaning a lack of reception of the receiving carrier.
With factory setting the router is configured as TDM/TDMA terminal. The router requires change of mode of
operation (if necessary) and/or configuration of respective network parameters before login into satellite
networks.
The easiest way to configure the router is using its HTTP access via its LAN port.
2.2.5
Local access to router via HTTP interface
HTTP (WWW) interface allows configuration key parameters and monitoring its actual status of the router. Local
Web page of the router can be accessed from any Internet browser.
By default, UHP-1000 router is configured with IP-address 192.168.222.222 with mask 255.255.255.248 (/29).
Respectively, the computer should be configured with an address, e.g. 192.168.222.217 with the same mask.
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
In case the satellite routers have been preconfigured at the factory on customer’s request such routers may have
different default IP address. In such case the respective IP addresses will be listed in the passport of the router. If
it’s impossible connecting the router with any of specified addressed please reset the router to factory settings.
2.2.6
HTTP interface
HTTP (WWW) interface is intended for the initial configuration of the router to operate in a TDM/TDMA terminal
mode (main mode of operation), as well as for monitoring key parameters in the process of satellite pointing and
its further exploitation. Configuration of the router to work in other modes of operations is described hereafter
and in respective Addendums to this Manual
Figure 13 Router statistics page
2.2.7
Local access via USB
When router is connected to a computer via a USB cable the computer creates a serial COM port. The port number
can be found in the Device Manager. To access the port use can be made of either the OS-integrated terminal
(Hyperterminal) or third-party terminal programs.
With the fist connection of UHP-1000 Router to PC the system will request the device driver. UHP.INF driver is
available on CD with documentation or can be downloaded from our web site. In response to the request for
driver you should refuse from search in Internet and select setting from the specified place where UHP.INF is
saved.
The system will request confirmation for using a non-certified driver. Ignore any system warnings and proceed
with installation. When finished, please check whether a COM port appeared in the Device Manager. If it is
appeared you can start working with the router.
When working with the port from the terminal program the data rate and control parameters can be set to any
value since they are ignored.
WITH USB OC PROTOCOL STACK – THERE IS A PECULIARITY WHICH LEADS TO “HANGING” OF THE USB-PORT IF IT
CARRIED AN ACTIVE SESSION AND THE CONNECTED DEVICE (ROUTER) AT THIS MOMENT WAS REBOOTED. IN THIS CASE
YOU HAVE TO LOG OUT FROM THE TERMINAL PROGRAM AND LOG IN AGAIN. YOU CAN AVOID THIS BY CUTTING OFF THE
SESSION BY “HANG-UP” COMMAND AND ONLY THEN RESTART THE ROUTER USING RESET BUTTON OR VIA POWER
SUPPLY CIRCUIT.
2.2.8
Remote Telnet access
Remote access to the configuration can be performed using Telnet protocol. The connection can be provided to
any of IP addresses that are set on the router. UHP-1000 supports simultaneously only one Telnet session. In order
the hang session does not block access to the device forever in case on non-activity (pressing ENTER key), the
router auto-terminates the session after a certain time of inactivity. The time can be set in the configuration, and
by default it is 10 minutes.
There is one more (emergency) method to issue commands to the router remotely. One of the SNMP variables
allows, after a text string is transmitted to the router using SNMP protocol, execution of this string as a command.
The advantage of this method is that a reverse channel for transmission of commands is not a must – this can be
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
useful to restore operation in emergency cases. Printout of command is not transmitted back as the SNMP
response? So command execution is “blind”.
2.2.9
Command interface and command syntax
When opening a command session (Telnet of USB) the router can, depending on the configuration, request a
password. If password is not set the commands can be entered immediately.
The system invitation starts with the router name (it is set using the relative command). Then enter «#» symbol in
the administrator mode or «>» symbol in the user mode (user cannot change configuration).
Router commands include key words and parameters. All key words can be reduced to two letters. Letter case is
unimportant. Wrong entered symbols can be edited by returning to them using Backspace key. “Left” and “right"
arrows cannot be used for editing. “Up” arrow is used to recall commands used earlier.
Commands list can be printed using “help”.
UHP# he
---------- Interface control
interface ethernet|serial|demod|modulator disable|enable
- IF Control
clear interface ethernet|serial|demod|mod
- Reinitialize interface
---------- Ethernet interface parameters
ethernet mode ehalf|efull|fhalf|ffull|auto
- Speed and duplex selection
arp timeout 30-3600
- ARP table purge interval
---------- Demodulator common parameters
demodulator lnb frequency 0-14000000
- LNB LO frequency (KHz)
demodulator lnb power off|on
- LNB power control
demodulator search 0-200000
- Carrier search bandwidth (+/-KHz)
demodulator reference off|on
- TDMA RX connector 10 MHz output
---------- Demodulator profile parameters
demodulator profile a|b disable|enable
- Enable/disable profile
demodulator polarization a|b vertical|horizontal
- Polarization
demodulator frequency a|b 950000-21500000
- Central frequency (KHz)
Command syntax meaning:
[ ]
- optional parameter
x|y
- selection of one of the key words, e.g. “on” or “off”
x-y
- numerical value in the range from x to y inclusive
STRING
- symbols string
IP_ADDR
- IP address, e.g. 192.168.0.1
IP_MASK
- IP mask in classical or CIDR form (255.255.255.0 /24 /32)
ADDRESS AND MASK MUST BE SEPARATED BY BLANK SPACE – THESE ARE DIFFERENT PARAMETERS.
ML, MM, MH, MD
2.2.10
- abbreviations for the name of the modulator transmission priority queues (Low,
Medium, High, DSCP)
Error alerts.
In the router software, there is an information block, which indicates any configuration errors. The following
console prompt appears if the router has any configuration errors:
ERROR!!! UHP#
There are three types of messages:

Hardware errors

Errors associated with the wrong choice of software or router mode

Configuration errors.
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
You can print the list of current errors using command:
ERROR!!! UHP# show errors
Hardware errors inform you about hardware problems with the router:
Message
Comment
RAM fail
Errors with router memory
LAN fail
Errors with Ethernet interface
FPGA fail
Errors in the programmable logic of router
Demodulator fail
Errors with SCPC Rx interface
Burst demod. fail
Errors with TDMA Rx interface
Software or Mode of Operation errors indicate any mismatch between hardware, software and activated feature
licenses.
Message
Comment
Unit mode not supported by SW
This mode is not supported by active software
SW option missing
Activated mode required special SW feature license
Configuration error messages focus user’s attention on the most important points in the router configuration, that
may lead to instability of operation.
Message
Comment
DVB-S2 RX not supported
DVB-S2 RX not supported
FEC cannot be used
FEC cannot be used
Long frames cannot be used
Long frames cannot be used
DVB-S2 16APSK SR>28000
The maximum symbol rate limit exceeded for DVB-S2 16APSK
Burst duration too small
Too little length of TDMA time slots (less than 0.3 msec.)
Frame duration invalid
TDMA frame duration is outside the operating range: from 0.05 to 2 sec.
Idle / down counters too low
Too low values for the status of IDLE/DOWN
Too many guaranteed slots
Guaranteed time slots allocated more than there are time slots in a
backward channel.
2.3
Interface management
Router interfaces feature the following designations in the commands set:
Ethernet
- Ethernet LAN (LAN)
Demodulator
- High speed demodulator (SCPC Rx)
TDMA
- Packet demodulator (TDMA Rx)
Modulator
- Modulator (Tx OUT)
Each interface is provided with a page showing parameter settings and operation statistics. The page is called using
“show interface ...” command with the interface name. Each page starts with the following header:
UHP#sh in et
Ethernet interface is UP
Last U->D: never
U->D transitions:0
Last D->U: +00:00:04
Counters reset: 17.Oct 09:00:18
...
The first string shows the current state of the interface:
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
ADMINISTRATIVELY DISABLED
- switched off by the user command
DOWN
- switched on but not working (external conditions)
UP
- switched on and working
The interface changes to UP if it is switched on and the following condition is adhered to:
Ethernet - connected to the switch (hub, computer)
TDMA
- if signal is received from the satellite
Demodulator
- if signal is received from the satellite
Modulator
- if transmission is switched on
Then the accumulated statistics on changes in the interface state comes up.
Last U- >D
- time when the last transition from UP to DOWN occurred
Last D- >U
- time when the last transition from DOWN to UP occurred
U->D transitions
- number of transitions to DOWN
Counters reset
- time when the last cleaning of counters occurred
These counters are reset together with statistics counters on the relevant commands. Then information on the
specific interfaces comes up.
Interface control commands:
show interface ethernet|tdma|demodulator|modulator
- Interface stats
Print settings and statistics of the interface.
interface ethernet|tdma|demod|modulator enable|disable
- IF Control
Switch interface on or off.
clear interface ethernet|tdma|demod|mod
- Reinitialize interface
Perform hardware re-initialization of the interface. Using this command is not recommended.
clear counters all|ethernet|demod|modulator|ip|tdma - Reset stats
Clean interface counters. With the “IP” parameter the command cleans counters of the route Table.
2.4
Ethernet Interface
As for this interface, only mode of operation with the switch is set.
---------- Ethernet interface parameters
ethernet mode ehalf|efull|fhalf|ffull|auto
- Speed and duplex selection
You can select the rate and duplex mode. «e» in the parameter heading means 10 megabit, «f»- 100
megabit, “half and full” control the duplex operation. Auto selects auto-negotiation of parameters
(set by default).
Statistics can be seen using “show interface ethernet” command.
UHP # sh in et
Ethernet interface is UP
Last U->D: never
U->D transitions: 0
Last D->U: +00:00:04
Counters cleared: never
MAC: 46:13:44:89:16:98 Set: AUTO
State: 100/Full|TX queue |
|-----+---- RX ----+---- TX ----+--------+------------|No buffer|
|Rate | 1419
| 147
|Bcasts | 37
|Collision|
|Bytes| 2551
| 1510
|CRC errs| 0
|16 colls.|
|Pkts.| 37
| 31
|Overruns| 0
|Underruns|
MAC: 00:12:34:56:1B:45
MAC
Set
© ROMANTIS 2012
Set: AUTO
State: 10/HD
0
0
0
0
0
|
|
|
|
|
|TX queue | 0
|
- Interface physical address (set by Manufacturer)
- Preset mode of communication between interface and the switch.
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
State
TX
- Current mode of communication with the switch.
- Queue length (in bytes) for transmission.
|-----+---- RX ----+---- TX ----+--------+------------|No buffer| 0
|
Two rows RX and TX in subsequent lines show statistics of reception and transmission.
No buffer - Number of packets reset from the queue due to excessive interface traffic in transmit
mode.
|Rate | 102
| 0
|Bcasts
| 4127
|Collision| 0
|
|16 colls.| 0
|
Speed
- Current traffic rate across interface.
Bcasts
- Number of received broadcast packets.
Collision - Number of collisions in transmit half-duplex mode.
|Bytes| 315057
| 0
|CRC errs| 0
Bytes
- Number of bytes (including Ethernet heading), that have passed through interface.
CRC errs - Number of packet checksum errors in receive mode.
16-colls - Number of multiple collisions. Means serious overload on the local network segment or
problems with the switch.
|Pkts.| 4127
| 0
|Overruns| 0
|Underruns| 0
|
Pkts
- Number of packets that have passed through interface.
Overruns - Number of occasions when processor did not have enough time to process the received
packet.
Underruns- Number of occasions when processor did not have enough time to prepare data to send.
All counters can be reset using “clear counters ethernet” command.
2.4.1
ARP Protocol
ARP protocol assists devices on the Ethernet segment to communicate using IP-protocol. Addressing in Ethernet
differs from IP-addressing and ARP makes it possible to obtain peer MAC addresses in compliance with their IPaddresses. The protocol is transparent for the user and does not require any configuration.
ARP Tables control commands:
arp timeout 30-3600
- ARP table purge interval
Sets interval (in seconds) between cleanups ARP Table. If IP-address is set on one device in the network and then
the device is disconnected from it and the same address is set on another device, the devices may fail to
communicate with this other device until their ARP Tables are cleaned and updated.
clear arp-table – Clean ARP Table.
show arp – Print current content of ARP Table:
Example:
UHP#sh arp
10.0.0.10 - 00:14:2A:7D:95:E9
10.0.0.11 - 00:12:34:56:2D:4E
10.0.0.12 – 00:12:34:56:53:55
An IP-address and its relevant MAC-address are shown on each line.
Free entries: 241
Purge interval 600
Free entries
- Number of free cells in the Table.
Purge interval
- Interval between Table updates.
ARP requests: 4
ARP requests
ARP answers
© ROMANTIS 2012
ARP answers: 0
- Number of ARP requests generated by the router.
- Number of router answers to ARP requests from the network.
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
2.5
High-speed demodulator (SCPC Rx)
Demodulator of the continuous signals is intended for reception of satellite channels transmitted by another UHP1000 router or by a special modulator. On the physical level, transmission format complies with DVB-S and DVB-S2
standards but the channel level is incompatible with DVB – there is no PID conception, etc. Instead, use is made of
the own encapsulation methods which are more efficient in transmitting IP-protocol.
2.5.1
Receiving signals from satellite
To receive signal (carrier) from satellite, it is essential to know at least four parameters:

The satellite used in the network (antenna should be pointed to this satellite)

Polarization (proper polarization should be selected on in the demodulator configuration or the receive
converter on the antenna should be turned to the required position if its polarization cannot be switched
over using its supply voltage)

Carrier central frequency (enter its value in the demodulator configuration)

Carrier symbol rate (enter the value in the demodulator configuration)
Satellite channel frequencies can be in three bands:

Ku (10.7 – 12.5 GHz) – frequency at which satellite transmits the carrier

C (4 – 5 GHz) – frequency at which satellite transmits the carrier

L (950-2050 MHz) – frequency converted by the receive converter (LNB) and which is applied to the
router’s demodulator input
Reception of the signal is effected using receive converter (LNB). It performs two functions: amplification of the
weak signals and converting them to similar signals carried at a much lower frequency (called intermediate
frequency or IF). When converting the frequency, frequency of the local oscillator (LO) is subtracted from that of
the signal received by LNB from the satellite. LO frequency of various LNBs can be 10 GHz (professional
converters), 0.975 GHz and 10.7 GHz (domestic converters). LO frequency is usually written on the converter case
label or in its Manual.
There are double-frequency (wideband) converters containing two LOs with different frequencies. These
converters are switched over using frequency 22 KHz. UHP-1000 routers do not support 22 KHz control signals and
cannot switch LO in such converters. If converter switches the LO using voltage of 13/18 V, the router will be
capable of switching LO frequency.
SAT LO (-3050 MHz)
RF Tx 14050 MHz (Ku-band)
BUC LO (+13050 MHz)
IF Tx 1000 MHz (L-band)
RF Rx 11000 MHz (Ku-band)
LNB LO (-10000 MHz)
IF Rx 1000 MHz (L-band)
Figure 14 Graphical example of the entire signal path via satellite and antenna system
If the satellite signal frequency is known in Ku-band, e.g. 11 215 140 000 Hz (or 11.215140 GHz or 11 215 140 KHz),
then knowing the LO frequency of the installed LNB (e.g. 9.75 GHz) one can calculate the value in the L-band.
11 215 140 000 – 9 750 000 000 = 1 465 140 000 HZ OR 1 465 140 KHZ
© ROMANTIS 2012
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
2.5.2
Searching the satellite carrier
Any LNB features LO frequency deviation from its declared value. This deviation has a certain constant component
plus component caused by temperature changes. Constant component may vary slowly due to LNB components
aging. Deviation due to temperature (winter/summer) usually lies within the bandwidth of ±500 KHz. Constant
component is usually not in excess of 500 KHz to either side but there are samples with deviation of up to 1,500
KHz. PLL LNB with 10 MHz internal reference fall also under this effect but their deviation range is substantially
lower – just a few KHz. Accuracy of PLL LNB with external reference frequency depends on the accuracy of the
router reference oscillator.
The LO inaccuracy leads to the fact that the real frequency of the carrier coming to the router differs from that at
which we expect this carrier.
Respectively, the router should search for the carrier in a certain bandwidth close to the selected value. The search
algorithm is as follows:
START
END
F(base)-Search_BW
New search circle
F(base)
F(base)+Search_BW
FREQUENCY OF DEMODULATOR
Figure 15 Satellite carrier search algorithm
Search is carried out within a certain user-defined bandwidth. If the carrier is not found upon reaching the search
limit the search is repeated. Search bandwidth should be wider than the possible frequency offset caused by
deviation in LO LNB. But the wider the range the longer is the complete search cycle.
2.5.3
SCPC demodulator control commands
Most commands of the demodulator come into force as the carrier search operation is initiated. If the search is
already under way the values come into force immediately. The essence of this behavior is that if demodulator
receives the carrier the user gets maximum possibilities to configure the demodulator without interrupting the
reception. This is particularly actual for a remote configuration.
demod lnb power on|off
- LNB power control
Switching LNB power supply on and off. Comes into force immediately.
demod search 0-200000
- Carrier search bandwidth (+/-KHz)
Maximum deviation from the assigned frequency during carrier search. Full search bandwidth (to
both sides) is equal to the double value. If the command is issued with the 0 value, the bandwidth
does not change, and the LNB offset value is reset to 0. When values 1-4 are entered demodulator
works with constant frequency without any scans – it can improve lock time in mobile applications.
demod reference off|on
- TDMA RX connector 10 MHz output
Activation of 10 MHz reference signal on TDMA Rx input.
The router demodulator is provided with two sets of carrier settings referred to as profiles A and B. Both profiles
are needed when there is a necessity to shift to a new carrier while working on the former and without deleting
settings of the former (so as to be able to go back if necessary).
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
Demodulator strategy of operation is searching the carrier over all permitted profiles until it is found. When carrier
is lost the search is resumed. Subsequent commands are designed to configure profile parameters. New
parameters come into force during search operation.
demod profile a|b enable|disable
- Enable/disable profile
Permits or prohibits profile operation.
demod polarization a|b vertical|horizontal
- Polarization
Controls polarization by switching LNB supply voltage 13/18 V (if LNB power supply is allowed by the
demod lnb power command).
demod frequency a|b 950000-2150000
- Central frequency (KHz)
Carrier frequency in KHz.
demod symbolrate a|b 100-34000
- Symbol rate (KSps)
Carrier symbol rate in kilosymbols per second. Recommended minimum demodulator symbol rate is
not less 250 ksps. In some applications the demodulator may stable work with a lower symbol rate.
demodulator mode a|b s1|s2
- DVB-S1 or DVB-S2 mode select
DVB-S1 or DVB-S2 demodulator operation mode.
demod viterbi a|b 1/2|2/3|3/4|5/6|7/8|auto
- FEC: Viterbi
Type of correction code for DVB-S1 mode. With the auto parameter and in DVB-S2 mode the decoder
is self-tuned.
demod spectrum a|b on|off|auto
- Spectrum Inversion
Spectrum inversion during signal reception. The specifics of transmitters. If inversion is detected we
recommend to switch it on the transmitting side to allow reception without inversion (a better way)
or switch it on in receive mode using this command. This reduces carrier search time.
AUTO WORKS ONLY IN DVB-S1 MODE, IN DVB-S2 MUST BE ALWAYS SET MANUALLY.
2.5.4
Additional commands
demod activate a|b
- Activate carrier profile
Immediate initiation of search by the assigned profile. The command is usually used only for just
made changes in the demodulator configuration in case the demodulator is already receiving any
carrier. Initiation of search by the switched off profile is allowed. In this case the search is performed
once. If the carrier is detected the demodulator will receive it. If the carrier is not detected the
demodulator will switch over to another profile and will not return to the switched off profile
afterwards.
demod compensate
- Compensate LNB frequency offset
This command operates only when demodulator is receiving the carrier. Current carrier frequency
offset determined by the demodulator is saved in the Offset special parameter and later is added to
all frequencies during all search operations. This allows compensation of the LO LNB deviation
constant part and speedup the search owing to the narrower search bandwidth. The command
immediately restarts the carrier search with new parameters. Offset reset to 0 takes place during
entering the demod search 0 command (the search bandwidth assigned earlier is NOT changed in this
case).
demod bert qpsk|re|data
- Bit error rate meter
Initiation of the bit error rate (BERT) analyzer on the demodulator. There are three BERT modes:
QPSK - bit error rate in the signal coming from satellite (prior to correction)
REED-Solomon - bit error rate that have not been corrected by Viterbi decoder
DATA - bit error rate for data at the demodulator output
Example:
© ROMANTIS 2012
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
REMOTE#de be qp
+00:00:03
+HH:MM:SS
С/N
(...<>...)
BER_1sec
BER
QPSK BERT Q-quit
С/N=7.2 (7.0<>7.2) BER_1s=8.0E-3
BER=8.0E-3 CRCs=0
- Duration of the test.
- Current carrier-to-noise ratio in decibel.
- Minimum and maximum signal-to-noise ratios during the test.
- Bit error rate at this instant.
- Average level during the test.
Demodulator settings and statistics of operation can be displayed using “show interface demodulator” command:
REMOTE#sh in de
Demodulator interface is UP
Last U->D: never
U>D transitions:0
Last D->U: +00:00:03
Counters reset: never
------------------------- Outdoor Unit -------------------------| LNB-pwr: ON
T10M: ON
Offset: 0 KHz
Search BW: 2000 KHz |
LNB power
T10M
Offset
Search BW
- LNB power supply on/off.
- 10MHz Reference signal on TDMA Rx input
- LNB frequency offset saved by the demod compensate command
- Carrier search bandwidth.
Profile settings
------------------------| Pr| State | Frq.KHz |
| A | RECEIVE | 1497220 |
| B |DISABLED | 1351000 |
Pr
State
Link profiles ------------------------Polar.| SR.KSps | FEC | SpInv | Mode |
H 18V | 2105
| AUTO | AUTO | S1 |
H 18V | 300
| AUTO | AUTO | S1 |
- Profile.
- Current state:
RECEIVE - Carrier is being received.
SEARCH - Carrier search under way.
STANDBY
- Profile is on but at the moment another profile is working.
DISABLED
- Profile is off.
Frq.KHz
Polar.
SR.KSps
FEC
Spinv
Mode
- Central frequency.
- LNB polarization and supply voltage (is permitted).
- Symbol rate.
- Noiseless decoder mode.
- Spectrum inversion mode.
- DVB-S1 or DVB-S2 demodulator mode.
Receive signal statistics in DVB-S1 mode
----------------------- Demodulator state ----------------------| InLvl | SpI | FEC | RS | SRoff | RX_BER | C/N | RX-offset |
| -58.7 | OFF | 3/4 | LOCK | 0
| 6.0E-3 | 7.2 | -9
KHz |
Current state of the demodulator receiver:
InLvl
-Common level of signal on the input. “NOSIG” for level <-85dBm
SpInv
- Spectrum inversion current mode.
FEC
- Viterbi decoder mode.
RS
- Carrier capture. LOCK means that the carries is detected.
SR_off
- Correction to the symbol rate (smb/sec). Not valid during search.
RX_BER
- BER in receive mode. Not valid during search.
C/N
- Signal-to-noise ratio in dB. Not valid during search.
RX-offset - Carrier frequency offset from the assigned value including Offset parameter. Large offsets
(up to 1000 KHz) do not affect reception quality but slow down search operation.
Receive signal statistics in DVB-S2 mode.
© ROMANTIS 2012
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
----------------------- Demodulator state ----------------------| InLvl | SpI | State | Mod. | LDPC | SRoff | C/N | RX-offset |
| -46.0 | OFF | CCM
| 8PSK | 5/6 | 12
| 12.5 | -19
KHz |
Current state of the demodulator receiver:
InLvl
-Common level of signal on the input. “NOSIG” for level <-85dBm
SpInv
- Spectrum inversion current mode.
State
- Carrier capture in particular mod . CCM, ACM-LF or ACM-SF means that carrier is locked
and respective mode is identified.
Mod
- Current modulation type (QPSK or 8PSK).
LDPC
- Current (FEC) of LDPC decoder.
SR_off
- Correction to the symbol rate (smb/sec). Not valid during search.
C/N
- Signal-to-noise ratio in dB. Not valid during search.
RX-offset - Carrier frequency offset from the assigned value including Offset parameter. Large offsets
(up to 1000 KHz) do not affect reception quality but slow down search operation.
------------------------- Data received ------------------------Rate/bps: 0
Packets: 24394
Bytes: 493408
CRC_errors: 7612
Rate/bps
- Current traffic rate at the interface in bits per second.
Packets
- Number of received packets.
Bytes
- Number of received bytes.
CRC_errors
- Number of errors in received packets. There is a peculiarity that if the channel
traffic load is not 100%, then some channel errors do not corrupt packet data and do not cause CRC
errors. In DVB-S2 mode each error corrupts single DVB data block (8 kbytes).
To clean counters use is made of the “clear counters demodulator” command.
2.5.5
Standard sequence for operation with demodulator
When preparing to receive carrier for the first time after equipment installation:
 Connect cable to LNB.
 Switch on LNB power supply (de ln po on) if LNB does not use any other power supply.
 Enter (check if entered already) carrier setting in profile A (frequency, polarization, symbol rate, and
mode). Set Viterbi and spectrum inversion values to auto. Check whether profile is switched on. If it is off
– switch it on (de pr a en).
 Switch profile В off to eliminate its effect on the search operation (de pr b di).
 Set search range not less than 3000 KHz (demod search 3000).
 Reset LNB offset (demod search 0). In this case search range does not change.
 If antenna is not adjusted to the satellite, adjustment can be carried out using AGC readings (via USB
console, Telnet or WWW-interface). When antenna is adjusted to some (any) satellite the AGC readings
will decrease. The lower is the reading the more accurately antenna is adjusted. If the reading is greater
than 900, check cable and application of power supply to LNB.
 Carrier searching at 250 KSps within the bandwidth 3000 KHz (the slowest case) takes about 30 seconds. If
there is no reception and AGC is less than 900, verify whether the antenna looks at the proper satellite.
 Make sure to receive the carrier. Demodulator will change to the UP state and will generate a message to
the console.
 Compensate frequency offset (see demod compensate command).
 Narrow search bandwidth up to 700-1000 KHz.
 Save the configuration (config save).
 You can achieve maximum sound-to-noise ratio by the antenna fine adjustment, although it is better to
perform fine adjustment of Rx/Tx antennas using transmitter mode – i.e. with reference to maximum of
your carrier on the other end of the link.
© ROMANTIS 2012
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
2.6
Burst demodulator
Burst demodulator router is purposed to receive collective TDMA satellite channels, sent by other routers.
This demodulator is used at the Central Station (Hub) for receiving Inroute (return) channels from network
terminals. One burst demodulator supports reception of single TDMA channel. The required number of Inroute
channels supported by Hub formed by cascading a respective number of satellite routers.
TDM/TDMA terminals with activated Mesh mode also use a burst demodulator to interact with other Hal Mesh
network terminals in one satellite hop and without transit via Hub. In this mode, the network may have any
topology (e.g. star of stars, partly meshed, fully meshed and etc.).
Also, the burst demodulator is used in HUBLESS TDMA networks for receiving a common collective network
carrier.
Satellite terminals with activated Burst Demodulator have to be equipped with PLL LNB convertors instead of lowstable DRO LNB. Also, the link budget of such network has to ensure that TDMA carrier is properly received by all
network terminals with activated burst demodulator.
The burst demodulator is disabled in the basic configuration of the router. The respective software activation key
is necessary to enable the burst demodulator. Please refer to respective addendums to this manual for further
details about operations of the burst demodulator.
2.7
Modulator
UHP-1000 router modulator is designed to form carriers to transmit IP-packets and service information. The
modulator can operate in two basic modes – continuous (SCPC) when channel is transmitted in physical (but not
logical) DVB-S1 or DVB-S2 format and burst transmitting short (0.5 – 20 ms) bursts with information coded in the
generic protocol. Connected to the modulator output connector is a satellite transmitter (BUC) or via IF combiner
if BUC is shared by several systems.
The modulator can generate 10 MHz reference signal for the transmitter synchronization, and supply 24 VDC with
the current of up to 2 A. When switching such signals it essential that the following be taken into account:
10 MHZ REFERENCE SIGNAL SHOULD BE GENERATED ONLY BY ONE SOURCE IN THE CABLE SYSTEM. TWO SIGNAL ARE
SUPERIMPOSED THUS LEADING TO PERIODIC FADING AND HENCE TO COMMUNICATION FAILURES.
CABLE IMPEDANCE COMING TO TRANSMITTER CAN LEAD TO A HIGHER BUC CURRENT CONSUMPTION. BUC TRIES TO
CONSUME FIXED POWER AND IF PART OF THE VOLTAGE DROPS ACROSS THE CABLE, BUC WILL HAVE TO BE FED WITH
LOWER VOLTAGE AND WILL CONSUME HIGHER CURRENT. EXAMPLE: BUC CONSUMES 40 W. CURRENT THROUGH THE
SHORT CABLE IS 1.66 A. IF BUC IS CONNECTED VIA A 2-OHM RESISTANCE CABLE, THEN ACCORDING TO OHM’S LAW
(40/I) + (2*I) = 24, AND I=2 А (!). INEXPENSIVE CABLES FEATURE RESISTANCE PER UNIT LENGTH OF ABOUT 3 TO 4
OHM PER EVERY 100 M.
Table 8 Modulator parameters
Parameter
modulator frequency
modulator symrate
modulator FEC
modulator inversion
modulator level
modulator tx
modulator power
modulator reference
modulator tlc mode
modulator tlc range
© ROMANTIS 2012
SCPC
User
User
User
User
User
User
User
User
User
User
Outroute/Hub
user
user
user
user
user
user
user
user
user
user
33
Remote
auto
auto
auto
user
user
user
user
user
user
user
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
In some router operation modes, certain modulator settings are missing. This is due to the fact that settings are
received from the network central station and are applied automatically.
Modulator frequencies are specified in KHz. You can recalculate them to satellite frequencies if you know BUC LO
frequency (See Figure 14).
Modulator control commands:
---------- Modulator parameters
modulator frequency 950000-1700000
- Central frequency (KHz)
Modulator central carrier frequency in kilohertz. The recommended maximum frequency should not
exceed 1550 MHz. Working with higher frequency is possible, but not guaranteed and should be
tested before use.
modulator symrate 1-34000
- Symbol rate (KSps)
Carrier symbol rate. Bit rate can be calculated based on the current FEC value. Modulator shows it in
its statistics data.
modulator fec uncoded|1/2|2/3|3/4|5/6|7/8
- FEC mode
Viterbi coder error correction mode in the modulator.
modulator mode s1|s2
- Modulator mode
Modulator transmission mode – DVB-S1 or DVB-S2. For proper functioning in DVB-S1 mode DVB1 or
DVB2 software should be loaded, for DVB-S2 mode DVB2 software should be loaded and unit mode
must be SCPC or Outroute.
ALWAYS SET FEC AFTER CHANGING THE MODE OF OPERATION CANNOT BE GUARANTEED.
Mode DVB-S.
---------- DVB-S modulator parameters
modulator fec uncoded|1/2|2/3|3/4|5/6|7/8
- FEC mode
Viterbi coder error correction mode in the DVB-S1 modulator..
Mode DVB-S2.
s2modulator mode ccm|along|ashort
- CCM / ACM mode, ACM frame size
Selection of mode of modulator operation.
Table 9 Supported FEC modes
FEC
1/3
2/5
1/2
3/5
2/3
3/4
4/5
5/6
8/9
9/10
CCM
QPSK
QPSK, 8PSK
QPSK, 8PSK
QPSK, 8PSK
QPSK
QPSK, 8PSK
QPSK, 8PSK
QPSK, 8PSK
ACM-Long
QPSK
QPSK, 8PSK
QPSK, 8PSK, 16APSK
QPSK, 8PSK, 16APSK
QPSK, 16APSK
QPSK, 8PSK, 16APSK
QPSK, 8PSK, 16APSK
QPSK, 8PSK, 16APSK
ACM-Short
QPSK
QPSK
QPSK
QPSK, 8PSK
QPSK, 8PSK, 16APSK
QPSK, 8PSK, 16APSK
QPSK, 16APSK
QPSK, 8PSK, 16APSK
QPSK, 8PSK, 16APSK
-
Three modes of operation are currently supported: CCM, ACM-Long, ACM-Short.
ССМ – basic mode that compatible with previous generations of UHP hardware, supports QPSK and 8PSk
modulations.
ACM-Long and ACM-Short – advanced mode of operation that compatible with new generation of UHP hardware
(SN > 3501) and supporting the following modulations: QPSK, 8PSK and 16APSK. Actual software release does not
support Adaptive Code and Modulation (ACM).
The key difference of ACM-long and ACM-short modes is length of DVB frame, which is 64800 and 16200 bit
respectively.
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ACM-Short mode significantly reduces the latency of data transmission, but has a limitation on the maximum
throughput.
---------- DVB-S2 modulator parameters
s2modulator qpsk 12|35|23|34|45|56|89|910
- QPSK FEC mode
QPSK modulation and FEC selection
s2modulator 8psk 35|23|34|56|89|910
- 8PSK FEC mode
8PSK modulation and FEC selection
s2modulator 16apsk 23|34|45|56|89|910
- 16APSK FEC mode
16APSK modulation and FEC selection
Other commands are unified for S1 and S2.
modulator inversion off|on
- Spectrum inversion
Spectrum inversion in transmit mode. If you know that BUC or satellite inverses spectrum, it is worth
to switch inversion on in transmit mode so as to receive non-inverted signal on the other side.
modulator power off|on
- Modulator BUC power
BUC 24 V supply voltage control applied to modulator output.
modulator reference off|on
- Modulator 10 MHz output
10 MHz reference signal control applied to modulator output.
modulator tx off|on|pure-carrier|balance
- Tx carrier control
Transmit mode.
off
– Transmit off
on
- Transmit on
pure-carrier
– Transmission of non-modulated carrier
balance
- Transmission of interchanging 0, 1 (on the spectrum analyzer it is in the form of
two spikes with frequency shift equal to the symbol rate) used for evaluation of the residual carrier
and intermodulation values
modulator level [0-360]
- TX power level (x -0.1 dBm)
Transmission signal level from -36 dBm to 0 dBm. The greater value corresponds to the lower level.
The router ensures the range from -30 dBm to -5 dBm but the circuitry allows, in the lower portion of
the frequency range, level adjustment over a wider range. It has been decided not to eliminate this
capability for users. A spare decibel may turn out to be very important for some people.
If the command is entered without parameters, interactive level control is activated and it is
convenient for the values selection and adjustment.
UHP#mo le
VAL:380 1:-10 2:-1 3:+1 4:+10
Q-quit
Keys 1 and 2 can increase the level by 1 dB and 0.1 dB, respectively, whereas keys 3 and 4 –can be
used to decrease the level by 0.1 dB and 1 dB. To exit use "q" key.
modulator tlc range 50-360 50-360
- Max/min allowed auto TX level
The levels range where TLC is allowed to control transmission signal level.
The upper limit for cases when most of transmitter power is used should be set by 1 decibel above the
BUC compression point, whereas the lower limit should be placed 8-10 decibel below the upper limit.
If transmitter power is substantially higher than the standard mode requires, the upper limit should
be placed 3 to 4 dB above the clear sky optimal value.
modulator tlc mode off|on
- Automatic transmit level control
Switching automatic transmission level control on.
Modulator settings and operation statistics can be printed using the “show interface modulator” command:
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UHP# sh in mo
Modulator interface is UP
Last U->D: never
U->D transitions: 0
Last D->U: +00:00:02
Counters cleared: never
----------------------------- Modulator settings ----------------------------Freq: 1497220 SR: 2105
SetLvl: -22.0
Max: -15.0 10M: OFF
FEC: DVB 2/3 BR: 2572
TX: ON
OutLvl: -22.0
Min: -25.0 24V: OFF
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------Rate/bps: 0
LOW Packets: 0
Bytes: 0
Q_len/200: 0
Drops: 0
MED Packets: 0
Bytes: 0
Q_len/200: 0
Drops: 0
HIGH Packets: 0
Bytes: 0
Q_len/40: 0
Drops: 0
CTRL Packets: 0
Bytes: 0
Freq
FEC
SR
BR
TX
SetLvl
OutLvl
Max
Min
10M
24V
Rate/Bps
- frequency in KHz
- error correcting coder mode
- symbol rate
- user bit rate (calculated based on SR and FEC)
- transmit mode (ON, OFF, PURE, BALANCE, /INV, /TLC); spectrum inversion
switching on and TLC are also displayed here
- transmit level set by the user
- current transmit level, with TLC correction
- maximum permitted level for TLC
- minimum permitted level for TLC
- switching 10 MHz signal on
- switching BUC power supply on
- current traffic rate in transmit mode
If DVB-S2 mode is active the following section will be added to the statistics:
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------Mode: ACM-LF Modulation: 8PSK FEC: 5/6
Mode
Modulation
FEC
Pilots
Roloff
modulator operation mode
type of modulation
Forward Error Correction mode of LDPC coder
Pilot-signal mode
type of output filter
Furthermore, statistics show information on four priority packet queues. Traffic from IP-router is fed to these
queues. The first queue to be able to transmit a packet is the HIGH queue, and if it is not empty – then MED
queue, and if it is empty – then the LOW queue. The fourth service queue CTRL has the highest priority and
purposed for: frame plans service traffic, routing control, statistics, etc. In the TDMA mode, prioritization is
implemented on the packet fragment level, while in the SCPC mode - on the whole packet level.
For each of the queues, shown in the display is the number of packets and bytes that have passed through it, the
queue length in bytes (this permits to judge on the overload and delays), the queue depth, as well as the number
of packets lost from the queue due to serious overload with traffic. The depth of every queue could be defined by
command:
queues 20-800 20-400 20-200
- TX queues length in packets (LOW MED HIGH)
where every value is maximal depth of queue in packets.
Counters can be cleared using the “clear counters modulator” command.
2.8
Controlled SCPC
Controlled SCPC (CSCPC) mode allows creating “star” topology network based on SCPC channels. Central station of
such network called “Master” broadcasts a carrier towards peripheral stations (Slaves). All slaves receive this
carrier. With the help of special service information transmitted via broadcast channel master can allow one of the
slaves to start transmitting the carrier with specified bandwidth and level.
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
Thus, at each moment only one of Slaves can transmit a carrier, and such transmission is fully controlled by
Master. The choice of Slaves is carried by their serial numbers (use “show system” command to see it). If Master
suddenly stops the transmission of its carrier, the active Slave also shuts down its transmission.
Controlled SCPC Commands:
---------- Controlled SCPC mode parameters
cscpc mode off|demod|master|slave
- Modulator TX on/off auto-control
Selection of CSCPC modes:
OFF
- disabled
DEMOD - CSCP mode is enabled, but modulator would be active only if demodulator is in lock with
any carrier.
MASTER - “Master” mode of CSCPC
SLAVE
- “Slave” mode of CSCPC
The following commands are applicable for “Master” stations only.
cscpc frequency 950000-1700000
- Transmit central frequency (KHz)
Transmit central frequency for Slave.
cscpc symbol-rate 250-32000
- Symbol rate (KSps)
Symbol rate for Slave.
cscpc standard s1|s2
- Transmission standard
Standard of transmission - DVB-S1 or DVB-S2.
cscpc s1 uncoded|1/2|2/3|3/4|5/6|7/8
- FEC mode
Forward Error Correction mode for DVB-S1
cscpc s2 qpsk 12|35|23|34|45|56|89|910
- QPSK FEC mode
Forward Error Correction mode for DVB-S2 with QPSK modulation
cscpc s2 8psk 35|23|34|56|89|910
- 8PSK FEC mode
Forward Error Correction mode for DVB-S2 with 8PSK modulation
cscpc s2 pilots off|on
- Pilots insertion
Pilot insertion for DVB-S2 mode
cscpc s2 roloff 35|25
- Roloff factor (0.XX)
Roloff factor for DVB-S2.
cscpc level 0-360
- TX power level (x -0.1 dBm) 0-default
Power level of Slave’s carrier. If set to 0 Slave will use its own setting for power level.
cscpc activate 00000000-40000000
- Active slave serial number
Selection of active Slave station. The parameter should be equivalent to a serial number of respective
Slave. This command could be also sent by SNMP protocol.
The following statistic information could be retrieved by “show cscpc” scpc command:
UHP# sh cs
CSCPC Mode: MASTER
-------------------- Return channel settings -------------------Frequency: 1233721 SymbolRate: 2668
Level: 210
Standard: DVB-S2
Modulation: 8PSK FEC: 8/9
Pilots: OFF Roloff 0.35
Active remote: 00001423
Master responds with complete setting, while Slave reports about return channel parameters only that have been
received from Master.
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
2.9
Automatic Transmission Level Control (TLC) for SCPC
The level of transmission of point-to-point SCPC links can be automatically adjusted to ensure proper reception of
the receiving side of the link. The predefined level set on receiving station is continuously compared with current
level and transmitting site in notified about such difference. Is TLC feature is activated on transmitting site it will
try to adjust the level to ensure optimal level of reception on the receiving site. TLC can be activated for both or
just one direction of duplex SCPC link.
In contrast to TLC in the TDM/TDMA networks and HUBLESS TDMA, SCPC TLC parameters are transmitted between
stations over UDP, which allows you to send them both via satellite and by terrestrial networks.
SCPC TLC configuration commands:
---------- SCPC TLC mode
tlc mode off|on
- Mode control
Activation of TLC mode.
tlc peer IP_ADDR 0-1020 STRING
- Peer IP address, VLAN, password
Remote IP address, local VLAN and password (use the same password on both ends).
tlc nominal 20-200
- Desired local receive level (x 0.1dB)
Desired (target) reception level.
“show tlc” command retrieves actual settings and statistics:
UHP# show tlc
TX_Mode: OFF
RX_pkts: 0
TX_Peer: 0.0.0.0
RX_Peer: 0.0.0.0
VLAN: 0
Nom.: 8.0
Last: +00:21:18
TX_Cor: 0.0
RX_Cor: N/A
Link statistics represent status of exchange between the stations and suggested correction of the level.
2.10 IP traffic processing and routing
2.10.1
SVLAN overview
UHP-1000 routers make use of a special protocol to transmit information via the satellite. Requirements to such
protocol are minimal overhead and a possibility to split and group data streams. With the UHP-1000 routers, this
protocol is named SVLAN.
SVLAN channels are similar to the VLAN notion in Ethernet but it is simpler – it is just ”pipes” with numbers. If you
send traffic into such a pipe (SVLAN) at the modulator, then at the other link end you will receive these packets to
be dealt with by the IP-router, provided you set the same SVLAN number for reception.
SVLAN with number 0 differs from others by that traffic through it is transmitted without additional headers at all,
thus providing the highest transmission efficiency. The rest SVLAN (1-1020) add two bytes to each packet.
Into one SVLAN one can, using router facilities, route the required number of networks, each of them having its
own priority level.
2.10.2
IP-router
UHP-1000 routers implement a standard IP-router supporting static routing. The routing table can contain the
following records:

IP-address on LAN

Statistical route in the LAN direction

IP-map – a route to the modulator in SVLAN

SVLAN Receive – a command to receive SVLAN from one of the demodulators
Records in the Table are arranged according to the network mask. The first ones are records with mask /32. Any of
the records can contain VLAN and then it is referred to the Table of the relevant VLAN and will work only in it.
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
Altogether, the Table can contain up to 1,000 records. Routing speed is practically independent of the number of
records.
Modulator
H
M
L
TS
ip map ADDR MASK PRIORITY SVLAN TS VLAN
svlan receive de SVLAN VLAN
SCPC demodulator
Local IP
stack
IP Router
svlan receive td SVLAN VLAN
ip address ADDR MASK VLAN
TDMA demodulator
ip route ADDR MASK VLAN
LAN
SVLAN encapsulation
SVLAN decapsulation
Figure 16 Routing layout with examples of commands
Records to the route Table come from two sources – local settings and the routing table received from the Hub.
Routes from Hub are always entered in the routing table. Local configuration routes are entered only if it is
permitted from Hub or if routers routing remote control system is switched off on Hub. On Hub, you can allow or
prohibit, for each individual router, reception of various routing records from the local configuration. For example,
you can allow local administrator of the router add static routes but prohibit changing IP-addresses and SVLAN.
All records are provided with counters of packets that have been routed as per these records. This will make
diagnostics easier.
UHP-1000 router has no limitations on overlapping the addresses, incompliance of masks, etc. This makes it
possible to obtain more capabilities from routers but these capabilities should be used with care.
2.10.3
Router control commands
---------- IP parameters
ip address IP_ADDR IP_MASK [1-1020]
- Add IP address to interface [VLAN]
Adding IP-address to the Ethernet interface. The address and mask are separated with a blank.
Multiple addresses can be defined. If non-zero VLAN is specified then the address is added to the
route Table of this VLAN.
ip route IP_ADDR IP_MASK IP_ADDR [1-1020]
- Add static route [VLAN]
Adding static route.
Availability of the route destination address is not checked.
ip map IP_ADDR IP_MASK ml|mm|mh|md 0-1020 [0-500] [1-1020]
TX SVLAN [TrSh] [VLAN]
- Route network to
Route for transmitting IP-network via satellite. Parameters:
ml|mm|mh|md - Transmit priority (High, Medium, Low, DSCP).
0-1020
- SVLAN number (0 – transmit without SVLAN encapsulation).
0-500
- Traffic Shaper channel number to pass the traffic. Optional parameter. If it’s not
specified, the traffic will go via channel 0 the configuration of which should be
checked at least once to avoid surprises.
1-1020
- VLAN number the record is referred to.
The depth of queues could be defined by command “queue” described in the paragraph 2.7
svlan receive demod|tdma 0-1020 [1-1020]
- Add RX SVLAN [VLAN]
Add SVLAN reception from one of demodulators. When VLAN is specified the traffic will go to its route
Table instead of the basic one.
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
ip delete IP_ADDR IP_MASK [1-1020]
- Delete IP address, route or map [VLAN]
Delete address, route or map.
svlan delete demod|tdma 0-1020 [1-1020]
- Delete SVLAN [VLAN]
Delete record on SVLAN reception.
udp ports 0-65535 0-65535
- UDP ports mapping for RTP compression FROM TO
Add UDP destination ports range for SVLAN-encapsulation, where the router will try compressing RTP
packet headers. If the range covers more than 200 ports, then this range value is rounded down to
the nearest hundred. Example:
1000 – 1100 -> 1000-1100
1000 – 1200 -> 1000-1200
1000 – 1220 -> 1000-1300
2250 – 3100 -> 2250-3050
udp delete 0-65535
- Delete UDP port mapping
Remove port range.
rip-advertise none|static|maps|all - RIP route types to advertise
Should static routes and maps be announced as per RIP2-multicast protocol.
The router will not announce default gateway, even it is not set. Incoming RIP messages are ignored.
rip next-hop IP_ADDR
- RIP next hop to advertise
Set NEXT HOP parameter for RIP announcements. This option works in VLAN 0. For all other VLANS,
or unspecified NEXT HOP, the router chooses the value from IP routing table of each VLAN.
Some changes in routing table (IP address or gateway change) can be hard or even impossible to perform remotely
as removing old setting cuts the link to terminal. To overcome this issue it is possible to freeze routing table
temporarily and perform cumulative update upon doing all changes. When routing table is frozen “show ip” shows
new settings, but routing works based on old settings.
ip update off|on
- Routing table update prevention
Stop or resume routing table update.
Router settings and statistics can be printed out using “show ip” command. Asterisks in front of records mean that
the relevant record is assigned from Hub.
UHP#sh ip
T VLAN Network/Source
Mask
Destination
TrSh
Packets
Bytes
T – record type (A-IP address, R-statistical route, M-map, V- SVLAN reception)
VLAN –VLAN number the record is referred to.
Destination – where packets are passed.
TrSh – Number of Traffic Shaper stream which the traffic will go through (for map records).
Packets, Bytes - Number of packets and bytes which have used the given record (values are reset to
zeros after any changes in the route Table)
A
10.0.0.12
/24
Ethernet
-
105
5460
-
0
0
IP-address on LAN-interface. There was traffic on it.
command - ip ad 10.0.0.12 /24
R
10.0.1.0
/24
10.0.0.10
Static route. Bytes counter does not work with such records, only packets are counted.
command - ip ro 10.0.1.0 /24 10.0.0.10
A 30
192.168.0.1
/24
Ethernet
-
0
0
One more IP-address but it belongs to route Table with VLAN=30.
command - ip ad 192.168.0.1 /24 30
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
M 30
192.168.1.0
/24
Mod/LOW ->200
0
0
0
Incoming packets with VLAN=30 on the relevant network will be transmitted via modulator with
SVLAN=200, with low priority via channel 0 Traffic Shaper.
command - ip ma 192.168.1.0 /24 ml 200 0 30
M
30.0.0.0
/23
Mod/HIGH->0
0
0
0
IP Router
-
0
0
-
0
0
command - ip ma 30.0.0.0 /23 mh 0
V
Demod. RX->0
Receive SVLAN 0 with SCPC demodulator.
command - sv re sc 0
V 30
TDMA
RX->200
IP Router
Receive SVLAN 200 with TDMA demodulator into route Table VLAN 30
command - sv re td 200 30
Unroutable: 0
Last: 0.0.0.0 -> 0.0.0.0
Screened: 0
Number of packets that failed to be routed, as well as IP-addresses of the source and destination of
the last of such packets. .
Screened – Counter of packets that tried to get directly to the modulator from demodulator and have
been dropped.
DSCP: 0:HmH.... . 8:..H.. ... 16:H....H.. 24:........
32:m....... 40:........ 48:........ 56:........
DSCP values map that have to be treated as high priority ones. In this case IP-packets with DSCP field
equal to 0, 2, 11, 16 and 21 will be transmitted with high priority (with map records with md priority),
while packets with fields 1,32 will be transmitted via a medium priority queue. All other packets will
be transmitted via a lower priority queue (LOW).
UDP/RTP ports: 1000-1100
List of ranges of UDP ports for compression of RTP headers.
To clear statistics you may use “clear counters ip” command.
2.10.4
VLAN support
UHP-1000 routers support most of the IEEE 802.1q standard capabilities. Support for multiple route Tables
associated with VLAN values on the Ethernet interfaces is provided.
UHP-1000 router can receive traffic over LAN with VLAN tag 1-1020 and transmit it to the satellite with the
assigned SVLAN value. Reception for satellite and traffic routing to LAN with tagging added is also possible. VLAN 0
is untagged.
Within UHP-1000 router, reception of traffic over one VLAN and immediate resending it back to LAN over another
VLAN without transmitting it via a satellite is impossible.
To summarize, the user can do the following:

Decide which VLAN to use to receive traffic from LAN (or receive untagged to the main Table, with
VLAN=0), having IP-address entered into route Table of this VLAN.

Decide how to route this traffic over to satellite, having map commands entered into Table of this VLAN
and SVLAN number for transmission.

Mix traffic from various VLANs, routing IP networks from VLAN routing tables into the same SVLAN.

Direct traffic from one VLAN by separate routes into different SVLANs.

The command routing IP network to SVLAN always features one of the four priorities (Low, Med, High,
and DSCP), so the user can route networks for transmission with different priorities to the same SVLAN.
On the other end of the channel:

Decide to which routing table of (which VLAN) to receive SVLAN from the satellite.
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)

Decide where route it afterwards (to LAN) with VLAN tagging of this Table (or without tagging if the main
Table with VLAN=0 performed reception).
2.10.5
IP traffic screening
Satellite channels by nature are broadcasting. In this case in a point-to-multipoint topology network, IP-packets
transmitted to the satellite from Hub can be received on many terminals simultaneously. Since different networks
are routed to different terminals, it is logical that each SVLAN be assigned to a separate direction, and this is what
is usually done. But it may happen so that due to the router wrong configuration or in case of mixing routers traffic
into one SVLAN (e.g. into SVLAN 0 for a better channel efficiency), not all traffic received via SVLAN will be lead out
from the router to LAN (there will be no routes). If in this case the default route on the router is set to the Central
Station, a rooting loop may be generated, the result being that channels will be instantly overloaded with
circulating packets.
ip map 0.0.0.0 /0 ml 0
Modulator
ROUTER
SCPC demodulator
SVLAN encapsulation
SVLAN decapsulation
Local IP
stack
LAN
Figure 17 IP traffic screening
To avoid this situation, UHP-1000 router is provided with a special mechanism - IP screening. This mechanism
works as follows: each packet received from satellite gets a tag. If during routing this packet tries to go back to the
satellite it will be dropped. Packets coming from LAN and generated by the router itself are not tagged and they
have no limitations whatsoever.
ip screening auto|off|on
- IP screening control
There are three modes of IP screening: AUTO, ON, OFF.
Automatic IP screening is active by default for the following modes of router operations: STAR Terminal, MESH
Terminal and HUBLESS Slave. This mechanism automatically disabled in modes: SCPC, HUB and HUBLESS Master
avoiding blockage of terminals-to-terminal traffic.
When IP screening is disabled (parameter OFF), this functionality is forcibly turned off for any mode of operation.
IP screening can be forcibly activated (parameter ON).
Router statistics (sh ip) is provided with a counter indicating how many packets have been dropped because of
screening.
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
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2.10.6
Prioritization and DSCP
ip map … ml …
ip map … mm …
ROUTER
ip map … mh …
ip map … md …
Check
DSCP
ROUTER
LOW
MED
MODULATOR
HIGH
LOW
MED
MODULATOR
HIGH
DSCP map
63
0
Figure 18 Prioritization of traffic on the modulator
Packets directed to the modulator are at first encapsulated in SVLAN and then are placed into of the three priority
queues LOW, MED, HIGH. There is the fourth queue with a still higher priority but it is used for service traffic and
signaling. The queues work using a "hard” priority, i.e. packets from a lower priority queue are transmitted only
when a higher-priority queue is empty.
Selection of the packet getting into the LOW or HIGH can occur also depending on the DSCP packet field value. The
router understands DSCP values from 0 to 31. TOS value is calculated from DSCP value by multiplication by 8.
The following command defines distribution of packets between the queues depending on DSCP field:
ip dscp low|med|high STRING
low|med|high
STRING
2.10.7
- DSCP values priority assignment
– type of queues
– DSCP field value from 0 to 63
Multicast routing
UHP routers support IGMP version 1-3, as well as static routing of multicast traffic.
Static routing of multicast traffic is implemented in UHP-1000 routers as follows:
To collect Multicast traffic from LAN to specified address you have to assign a map for this traffic on the
modulator. The router will itself understand that the address (network) belongs to the Multicast range and will
tune LAN to receive it.
At the other side, to transmit this traffic to LAN it is necessary (apart from the command to receive SVLAN used to
receive this traffic) to assign a static route to the Multicast address (network) of the transmitted traffic, having
selected, as the destination address, any address within the range of any of the IP networks assigned to the router.
The device with such address may be missing, it is more important that the packets be routed to LAN.
IGMP - Internet Group Management Protocol — provides multicast data transmission in IP networks. IGMP is used
by routers and IP-nodes to arrange network devices into the group. IGMP can be used to support streaming video
and online games, for these types of applications it allows using network resources more efficiently.
IGMP protocol can provide the routing of traffic between all network elements in different network topologies.
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Multicast traffic
LAN
static
igmp
Multicast mode
Yes
Listener is
present on Sat
interface?
No
Routing table
Drop
Modulator
Figure 19 LAN multicast traffic handling algorithm
UHP router determines any incoming LAN multicast traffic and drops it if it is not allowed to work with multicast
traffic.
If the router is set up in static mode for multicast traffic, the incoming multicast traffic will be routed to the
modulator in accordance with static routing table. In IGMP mode the router verifies if there are any listeners on
respective satellite interface before routing this traffic further.
Multicast traffic
SCPC RX, TDMA RX
off
Traffic duplication
igmp
Multicast mode
static
Yes
Drop
Listener is
present on Sat
interface?
No
No
Listener is
present on LAN
interface?
Yes
Routing table
Drop
off
on
IP Screening
LAN
Modulator
Figure 20 Satellite multicast traffic handling algorithm
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UHP-1000 SATELLITE ROUTER
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UHP Router determines any multicast traffic received from SCPC RX or TDMA RX interface and drops it if it is not
allowed to work with multicast traffic.
If multicast traffic is allowed then depending on mode of operation of the router it can be simultaneously
transmitted to the satellite network in accordance with the routing table (if IP screening is allowed) and to LAN
interface.
In IGMP mode the router verifies if there are any listeners on the LAN interface before routing this traffic further.
multicast mode off|static|igmp
- Multicast routing mode
this command defines mode of multicast traffic handling, there
off
static
igmp
– multicast traffic disabled
– static routing of multicast traffic
– dynamic IGMP routing of multicast traffic
The following command defines lifetime of dynamic multicast route:
multicast igmp timeout 1-30 :IGMP mappings lifetime (minutes)
where, 1-30 time in minutes. Default value - 5 minutes.
The following command displays actual status multicast routing:
show multicast
- Multicast stats
Multicast IP
Source IP(X.)
229.0.0.2
10.0.0.73
239.255.255.239
10.0.0.21
239.255.255.250
10.0.0.50
224.0.0.251
10.0.0.100
224.0.0.252
10.0.0.98
LanT SatT
3
3
3
3
3
Mcast: ON
2
0
0
0
0
IGMP: ON
TO: 5 min
Where,
Multicast IP
– multicast address
Source IP(X.)
– source of multicast traffic
LanT
- lifetime counter of respective dynamic route on the LAN interface. Starting from
“3” this value it is reduced by 1 every 4th part of respective lifetime. When this value reaches 0 the
route is considered obsolete and is removed from the routing table. With every JOIN packet received
from respective LAN multicast listener the counter is reset to 3.
SatT
- lifetime counter of respective dynamic route on the LAN interface. Starting from
“3” this value it is reduced by 1 every 4th part of respective lifetime. When this value reaches 0 the
route is considered obsolete and is removed from the routing table. With every JOIN packet received
from respective Satellite multicast listener the counter is reset to 3.
Mcast
– multicast mode.
The following command allows debugging IGMP mode of the router:
debug igmp off|on
- Debugging
where,
off – debugging is disabled
on – debugging is enabled
When debugging mode is active the following information will be displayed on console for every
IGMP packet:
uhp#
IGMP
IGMP
IGMP
IGMP
IGMP
debug igmp on
query out VLAN: 0
IN RXINT=LAN SIP=10.0.0.100
IN RXINT=LAN SIP=10.0.0.62
IN RXINT=LAN SIP=10.0.0.91
IN RXINT=LAN SIP=10.0.0.254
CMD=16
CMD=16
CMD=16
CMD=12
MCIP=224.0.0.251
MCIP=224.0.0.252
MCIP=239.255.255.239
MCIP=239.255.255.100
Deleted entry: 239.255.255.100
Debugging mode shows two main events: new IGMP packet from multicast listener and removal of obsolete
multicasting routing from the routing table.
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
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THE USE OF IGMP DOES NOT REPLACE THE NEED IN DEFINING STATIC ROUTES FOR GROUP NETWORKS/ADDRESSES IN
THE ROUTING TABLE.
2.10.8
L2 bridging
Bridging allows transfer of non-IP packets through UHP networks and transparent merging of Ethernet segments
through satellite channels. Bridging always works on some VLAN. Packets tagged with this VLAN are bridged, not
routed. Other VLANs can be routed. Several VLANs can work in bridge mode concurrently. VLAN 0 (untagged) can
also be bridged.
Traffic received on one side of satellite link with one VLAN on the other side of the link can be passed to the LAN
with different VLAN or untagged and vice versa.
In bridge mode all traffic entering the router is transmitted on another side. MAC filtering and learning is not
performed as attached Ethernet switch already performs this functions.
If VLAN (including VLAN 0 (untagged) ) is set to bridging it blocks any IP access to the router from this VLAN so
additional VLAN with IP address should be used for such access.
Commands for bridging set-up:
bridge map ml|mm|mh|md 1-1020 [0-500] [1-1020]- Bridge VLAN to TX SVLAN [TrSh]
Bridge selected VLAN to the satellite. Other parameters are analogous to ip map command. On the
other side it is enough to issue a command svlan receive … to perform traffic pass to the LAN.
UHP router supports 802.1p (VLAN priority bits). If the bridge map is configured using the MD queue,
then tagged frames will be automatically reallocated to the output queue according to the static
levels of priority:
0, 1 - low
2, 3 - med
4, 5, 6, 7 - high
bridge delete [1-1020]
- Delete bridged VLAN [VLAN]
Remove bridging from selected VLAN.
In general bridging can be realized in the following manner: on the Hub Ethernet switch is attached to UHP router
via trunk port. Some ports of the switch work in port-based VLAN mode and their traffic is tagged and passed to
the hub router. Router bridges the traffic to remotes.
2.10.9
DHCP protocol
DHCP allows automatic IP addresses assignment to the network hosts. It also allows passing additional parameters
like default gateway and DNS server addresses. Current realization works only on VLAN 0 (untagged).
---------- DHCP parameters
dhcp mode off|on
- Protocol state
Turns DHCP on or off..
dhcp range IP_ADDR IP_ADDR
- IP address range for DHCP
Defines IP address range for DHCP.
dhcp dns IP_ADDR IP_ADDR
- DNS servers list
Sets IP addresses of DNS servers to pass to the clients.
DHCP settings and statistics can be printed by “show dhcp” command.
UHP# sh dh
Mode: ON
Range: 10.0.0.8-10.0.0.255 DNS: 1.2.3.4, 5.6.7.8
Advertised Router: 10.0.0.14
Mask: 255.255.255.0
10.0.0.19
- 00:00:00:00:00:00 98460
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
(SW VERSION 2.5.X)
2.10.10 Compressing RTP packet headers
When transmitting VoIP traffic by IP-protocol the size of headers of IP, UDP and RTP protocols (in total not less
than 42 bytes) can exceed the size of the voice portion of the packet.
Transmission of such packets via a satellite is extremely inefficient with respect to bandwidth usage, hence use is
made of compression of protocols headers based on the fact that only few fields change from placket to packet,
and furthermore this change can often be predicted.
In most cases the router compresses packet headers to up to two bytes. To make compression work, it is essential
that at the transmitting side (or at both sides) the ranges of UDP (destination) port packets that the router will try
to compress be adjusted accordingly. Compression will work also in simplex mode (in one direction only). Packets
passing successful compression will always be sent with high priority.
Statistics of the compression functioning can be made available using ”show rtp” command.
UHP# sh rt
Transmit -------------------------------------------------Source_IP
Destination_IP
Plt Errors
10.0.0.17
10.1.0.1
11
0
Receive -------------------------------------------------Source_IP
Port
Destination_IP Port
TOS Plt Packets
10.1.0.1
4001
10.0.0.17
16011 0
11
1171
Errors
3
Statistics show addresses, UDP ports, Payload Type and packets TOS. Errors counter increases as packets are lost
also in other cases when it is impossible to decode the packet compressed heading. The appearance of many
unexplainable entries in the statistics may mean that these ports are transmitting non-RTP traffic.
2.11 Traffic Shaper
Traffic shaper (TS) is intended for adjustment of the bandwidth occupied by data streams in transmitting via a
satellite. TS is based on the streams concept – controlled “pipes” for traffic between router and modulator. Each
stream is provided with three priority queues and a “hard” limitation in the traffic rate at the output, i.e. the
stream behaves practically in the same way as a modulator. Prioritization of the stream queues is also adhered to.
Packets from output streams arrive in the modulator queues with the same priorities (packets from LOW queue of
TS arrive in the LOW queue of the modulator, etc.). Altogether there are 500 streams.
Each map-record in the route Table can allow traffic via some of the TS streams. One stream can accept traffic
from different networks using several records including those with different SVLANs. If stream number is not
specified on map-records, then their traffic goes via stream 0. By default, bandwidth of this stream is set to
maximum. If the bandwidth is set to a lower value and it will be forgotten, a rather strange, at first sight,
modulator behavior may be observed – when the channel is not loaded but traffic cannot fully occupy it.
If the rate of traffic entering the stream is greater than the stream bandwidth at the given moment then traffic is
buffered to create delay during transmission.
ip map …
IP Router
STREAM 1
LOW
Modulator
MED
STREAM 2
HIGH
STREAM 3
delay
load
Bandwidth calculator
STREAM N
Figure 21 Principle of operation of Traffic Shaper
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Basic principles of TS operation:

Tailoring committed information rate (CIR) for each stream

If there is a free bandwidth on the modulator and streams are allowed to exceed CIR, TS will extend
bandwidths of those streams that are overloaded

Expansion proportional to CIR

Expansion of streams is effected smoothly, proportionally to the free bandwidth of the modulator so as to
avoid overloads, narrowing is effected more aggressively based on the same reason

If modulator load approaches its limit, TS narrows the bandwidths of exceeding streams to lower the
modulator load or to the values of their CIRs
Calculation and correction of the stream bandwidths is made every second, and that is why TS responds
dynamically to the behavior and requirements of the network.
Examples of TS operation:
Two streams share a 800 Kbit/s channel. CIR of the green stream is 200 Kbit/s, that of the red one – 400 Kbit/s.
Maximum stream bit rates are not limited. The blue line stands for general load of the channel. Dashed line means
the desired stream bit rates.
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Figure 22 Example of Traffic Shaper operation
By points (Figure 22):

Green traffic begins entering at 300 Kbit/s. This is within CIR limits and hence TS does not delay packets.

Incoming green traffic bandwidth increases three-fold – up to 600K. Traffic begins to be delayed since the
stream bandwidth is insufficient. As the load of the general channel is low, TS begins to smoothly expand
green stream bandwidth until its overload is eliminated. Stream rate of increase is proportional to the
”Slope Factor” which is set in the TS configuration.

Green stream bandwidth is stabilized at 600K to pass the traffic without delay.

Red traffic starts with 700K bandwidth. Gets immediately 400K (CIR). The channel gets overloaded. TS
almost immediately narrows the green stream bandwidth up to CIR=400К to remove modulator overload.
Since both streams are overloaded and want to get a wider bandwidth, a fair (proportional to their CIR)
distribution of the bandwidth between them is initiated.

The bandwidth is divided in proportion of 33% to the red stream (CIR=400K) and 66% to the green stream
(CIR=200K). Channel load is close to 100%.

Green traffic reduces to 250K. Nothing happens since its bandwidth is still wider than CIR.

Green traffic ceases. Modulator load drops and TS starts to expand overloaded red stream.

Red stream gets stabilized at 700K to transmit traffic without delay.
In this example adaptation of IP-protocols to the delay is not taken account of, otherwise the example would
be too complicated but the algorithm is designed for this adaptation.
TS does not track the situation when the sum of assigned CIRs exceeds the modulator bit rate. In this case TS
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
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cannot guarantee CIR streams – this is just impossible, but anyway it will try to provide maximum fair
distribution of the bandwidth.
TS adjustment commands:
---------- Traffic Shaper parameters
shaper stream 0-500 0-64000 [0-64000]
- TS stream CIR(Kbps) [MAXSPEED(Kbps)]
Stream parameter adjustment. Guaranteed bit rate (CIR) and optionally – maximum stream bit rate
are set. If maximum bit rate is not set, stream bit rate will be tantalizingly constrained by CIR. Stream
bit rates are measured in kilobit per second (1024 bit/s). When selecting stream numbers it is better
to number them from the beginning and not to use too large numbers (numbering 100, 200, 300... is
undesirable, better numbers are 1, 2, 3 or 2, 4, 6).
shaper delete 0-500
- Delete TS stream
Nulls stream parameters by switching this stream over to TS transparent algorithm.
shaper total bandwidth 0-128000
- Composite channel bandwidth (Kbps)
Output bandwidth limit to which TS algorithm will reference to. This is not a tough (monitored) value
but a desirable one – with sharp changes in traffic at the input, the TS output traffic may exceed this
value. It is expedient to first set the TS bandwidth 5% less than the channel bandwidth and then
correct it while observing the network traffic.
shaper slope 1-64
- Shaper algorithm slope factor
Relative non-dimensional coefficient (a multiple) monitoring how TS is adapting (increasing) streams
bandwidth. Value 16 is optimum to begin with, and it can be corrected if necessary.
TS settings and statistics can be observed using “show shaper” command.
UHP#sh sh
Slope=16 Bandwidth(K)=64000 ModSpeed(Bps)=0(0%) ModDelay(s)=0.0
Strm| CIR.K Max.K | Spd.bps %
| Del. | LowSp MedSp HigSp | Title
1
| 100
0
| 0
0
| 0.0 | 0
0
0
|
5
| 256
384
| 0
0
| 0.0 | 0
0
0
|
Slope
Bandwidth
ModSpeed
ModDelay
Strm
CIR.K
Max.K
Spd.bps
Del
LowSp,...
Title
- Bandwidth adaptation coefficient.
- Desirable TS output bandwidth.
- modulator traffic rate in kilobits and in per cent of the modulator maximum possible
bandwidth (physical).
- Delay on the modulator in seconds (queues length / bit rate).
- Stream number.
- Assigned certified information rate.
- Assigned maximum permissible bit rate.
- Current bit rate at the stream output in bits per second and per cent. Per cent is
calculated with reference to CIR.
- Delay on the stream is seconds (queues length / bit rate).
- Bit rates in each queue inside the stream.
- Stream name (for CS). Setting is performed only from NMS and transmitted to the
router on the network.
2.12 TCP Acceleration
Acceleration of TCP traffic can be divided into two phases: accelerating TCP-connections and accelerating data
transfer over TCP.
In satellite networks with high traffic load and large number of users connected to the Internet, most relevant is
acceleration of TCP connection. Quite often, a number of TCP connections required to display just one web page
because of different sources of information in the network (images, logos, sponsors, partners, advertising banners
and so on). Unavoidable delays of satellite connections may lead to a significant slowdown in downloading web
sites. In such circumstances even acceleration of TCP traffic gives no essential benefits, because typical network
serves a large number of users and normally completely loaded by traffic, so acceleration of particular TCP sessions
by occupying idle network resources is not always possible.
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
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Actual software release supports acceleration of TCP connections and IP / TCP header compression. Such
functionality allows saving from 1.8% (the maximum size of packets) up to 65% (short packets, e.g. ACKs) of
satellite link throughput. UHP-1000 Satellite Router supports up to 8000 Accelerated TCP sessions simultaneously.
If the limit is exceeded, TCP traffic is passed transparently without any restrictions.
According to laboratory tests, an acceleration of TCP connections allows to reduce web site downloading time by
about 10% and saves about 2% SCPC or TDM bandwidth and up to 20% of TDMA bandwidth.
2.12.1
Configuration of TCP acceleration
The TCP acceleration is available only in TDM/TDMA mini-HUB topology with single Inroute channel, SCPC and in
HUBLESS TDMA topology and uses common configuration command:
tcp acceleration off|on
- Acceleration state
TCP protocol includes TCP options exchange between participants of TCP session. In this exchange, the parties
agree on the maximum packet size of session (MTU) and the size of TCP Window. Because the UHP router in
accelerated mode isolates direct exchange between the two parties, such parameters should be set manually on
the router, which will be forwarded to the object initiating a TCP session.
tcp mtu 400-1460
where,
400-1460
- Advertized MTU
size of TCP packet in bytes. Default value– 1460 bytes.
The following command defines TCP Window size:
tcp window 4096-65535
where
4096-65535
- Advertized TCP window
size of TCP Window in bytes. Default value – 65535 bytes.
Actual settings and performance of TCP acceleration can be displayed by command:
show acceleration
- TCP acceleration stats
uhp# show acceleration
Acceleration: ON
MTU: 1460 Window: 65535
Sessions: 456
Misses: 0
No place: 0
where,
Acceleration
MTU
Window
Sessions
Misses
No place
Opt-errs
Opt-errs: 0
activated/deactivated acceleration
MTU value
TCP Window value
Number of currently accelerated TCP sessions
Packets of sessions which are not represented in the local session table
Packets of sessions for which there are no more space in the local session table
Number of packets with TCP options received without respective initialization of session
2.13 Guidelines for actions in the event of faults during preparation
In case of any anomalies of router during its installation and preparation for pointing it is recommended to check
all connections and settings, and then restart the device by pressing the «RESET» on its interface panel by thin
blunt object (e.g. paper clip) or temporarily turn off the power.
If the problem persists restart the unit, a return it to factory settings (see paragraph 4.2) and re-enter the
necessary configuration.
Additional information about the possible faults and workarounds see in paragraph 2.15.4. If the activities
performed do not lead to solve the problem, the device should be repaired at a certified service center.
2.14
Satellite Pointing
Satellite routers have built-in tools for pointing the antenna to the satellite. The router provides actual information
about overall input signal level (RF Level), as well as the quality of the reception of the carrier (C/N) from the Hub
(or carrier of another station in SCPC mode) when demodulators locks on such carrier. Such information can be
obtained in real time via HTTP interface, a local console (command line) or as an analog DC signal.
Pointing procedure is common for any method of displaying the level of signal quality:
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
Calculate expected elevation and azimuth (corrected accordingly to magnetic declination). Such
calculations can be performed with UHP Calculation Tool available on the Documentation CD or can be
downloaded from the Web.

Direct the antenna toward the satellite. When installing the angle of elevation please take into account
offset angle of parabolic antenna (specified in the description) or use an elevation scale of antenna.

Access the information about actual signal level of satellite router with any of methods described below.

Start moving antenna slowly in limited angle of elevation and azimuth. The value of the demodulator
input level increases when antenna receives signal from any satellite. Signal peak means proper pointing
to the satellite.

After finding the peak of this signal by adjusting the azimuth and elevation, it is necessary to provide
demodulator some time to search for and capture the carrier from the Hub. Search for the carrier with
symbol rate of 250 ksps in the band of 3000 kHz (slowest case) may take about 30 seconds. If
demodulator is unable to lock on a carrier for a long time it may mean that antenna is pointed to a wrong
satellite and it’s necessary to continue moving the antenna in search for another satellite.

When demodulator locks on the carrier the router begin to show actual C/N level, the maximum of which
is necessary to achieve by fine tuning the azimuth and elevation of the antenna.

Once the satellite is found, it is necessary to tune the polarization angle in accordance with the
procedures applicable to this satellite. Afterwards, the terminal may get a permission to start
transmission. (see Section 2.7).

You can reduce demodulator’s scanning time by adjusting the frequency shift and narrowing the search
range as outlined in the Section 2.5.5.
2.14.1
Pointing with HTTP assistance
“Pointing” window of the router displays information about the quality of signal reception (Figure 23) and
simplifies the procedure of an antenna pointing.
Figure 23 HTTP Information about the quality of signal reception
The information about demodulator’s quality of reception is displayed in the graphical and textual form. Search
phase is also shown below when demodulator is unlocked. Please allow demodulator to pass all search cycle
before changing azimuth and/or elevation angle. When demodulator locks on the carrier textual and graphical
information about level C/N will replace the information about search phase. Proceed with fine-tuning of antenna
azimuth and elevation until a maximum of C/N level is achieved.
2.14.2
Pointing via management console
Pointing assistance via console is activated by “demodulator antenna” command. When such mode is active the
console will display a string with actual information which is updated two times per second.
If there is no reception of the carrier yet, the string looks like this:
UHP # de an
RFlvl
Max
Min
-45.1
-44.7 -45.1
State
Search-12%
C/N
4.1
Max
4.1
Min
4.1
Q-quit
When the demodulator is locked on the carrier the string looks like this:
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL, V. 2.5
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UHP # de an
RFlvl
Max
Min
-43.3
-43.3 -44.0
State
***Locked***
C/N
7.6
Max
7.8
Min
7.6
Q-quit
The string shows the overall level of the signal from LNB. It reports the current RF level, as well as maximum and
minimum peaks registered during the pointing assistance. Further, the demodulator state status: percentage of
search circle when demodulator is unlocked.
or “Locked” me- or the percentage of scanned strip search in the current cycle, or a message that the
demodulator is found and adopted a signal.
When demodulator is locked on the carrier its “Status” change to “Locked and further three values represent- the
C/N levels of demodulator (current, maximum and minimum).
Type “Q” to exit pointing assistance mode.
2.14.3
Pointing with analog reference signal
The router may output an analog signal via USB port equivalent to quality of reception of the demodulator. This
voltage can be used for pointing the antenna to the satellite during installation or/and as a reference signal form
automatic antenna tracking system.
Figure 24 Pinout of USB Console interface
The analog pointing signal is available on the Pin 1 of USB “Console” port (to be used with “Ground” signal on the
Pin 4). In the standard mode the pin 1 used to deliver a 5 VDC power from the computer. When pointing feature is
activated the pin 1 represents output voltage ranging from 0 to 3.3 volts. Such voltage does not interfere with
standard USB port operations. Short-circuiting this signal to Ground is not critical, however input voltage above 5
VDC is not allowed.
Standard (analog or digital) voltmeter connected to this signal could be used as a reference toll for antenna
pointing. Installer may use Tx coax cable to deliver such signal from the router (indoor) to antenna (outdoor) – this
cable is not used while antenna pointing. Special adapters to connect the F-connector of coaxial cable to USB
output and a voltmeter can be purchased from your local distributor or make by your own.
When this mode is active the voltage is changed within the following range:

When demodulator the voltage is in-between 0 and 1 Volt proportionally to the overall Rx level of the
demodulator;

When demodulator is locked the voltage is proportional to C/N and ranging from 1 V to 3.3 V. Voltage
above 1V is proportional to C/N with ration 10dB/1V, e.g. reception of the carrier with C/N signal of 5 dB
will be represented as 1.5 V signal on USB port, 10 dB - 2V, etc.
The pointing mode is activated by the following command::
demodulator antenna [0-800] [0-800]
- Antenna pointing mode [RF min] [RF max]
Two optional command parameters - the range of IF levels corresponding to the voltage range 0-1V. If omitted, the
current level is taken as the minimum, and level 15dB higher than actual is taken as a maximum.
When activating the pointing mode while antenna is already pointed to the satellite the default minimum level
may be set too high. It is not a problem if the intention is just fine pointing of antenna to the same satellite.
However this may create a problem re-pointing the antenna to another satellite, because the reference level may
not react on lower signals when antenna is disoriented from the initial satellite. To prevent this, it’s recommended
to define the desired range manually.
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2.14.4
Auto tracking signals during normal operations
When earth station antenna is equipped with auto tracking system it might be necessary to use analog reference
signal from the router during normal operations. This feature of satellite router works in the background and
provides analog signal that is proportional to C/N level of the demodulator. The output voltage in this mode is in
the range from 0V to 3.3V only in proportion to C/N demodulator and aspect ratio can be defined by the user.
demodulator voltage 0-10
- Pointing signal output to USB, dB/V (0-off)
The ratio of dB/V is defined by parameter of the command. If, for example, this parameter is set as 5 dB/V then at
10 dB C/N signal will be represented as 2V. If you the ratio is set as 1 dB/V, then the output voltage will change
from 0V to 3.3V once demodulator is locked. This mode is deactivated when ratio parameter set 0.
Current status of pointing mode is shown on the «show system» status report:
HUB-UNIT_2# sh sy
UHP VSAT Terminal Software Version 2.2.10-9 (16.12.2009) SN: 00001602
Uptime: +03:24:20 CurrentTime: +03:24:20 TimeShift: 0
RateAvgTime: 5 BuffersFree: 1299 NoBuffer: 0
CPUload: 27 % IdleTimeout: 600 Temperature: 35c
LastTelnetIP: 10.0.0.100 AutoRestartDelay: 0
PntngVoltage: 0 dB/V
2.15 Operations
2.15.1
Modes of operations
UHP-1000 Routers support several modes of operations:

SCPC –SCPC modem

REMOTE –TDM/TDMA STAR terminal

HMESH –TDM/TDMA MESH terminal*

HUB –TDM/TDMA HUB*

OUROUTE – additional Outroute for TDM/TDMA HUB*

INROUTE – additional Inroute for TDM/TDMA HUB*

FHUB – master station of HUBLESS TDMA network*

FREM – slave station of HUBLESS TDMA network*
The modes of operations marked by (*) require special software activation key.
Detailed information about HUB, OUTROUTE, INROUTE and HMESH modes of operations is available as a separate
manual – “UHP TDM/TDMA HUB” [RD.IOMHUB.EN2.5]. “UHP HUBLESS TDMA Networks” [RD.IOMFM.EN2.4]
manual contains detailed description of FHUB and FREM modes of operations.
2.15.2
Switching between modes of operations
Selecting the respective mode of operation is performed by the following command:
---------- Router control
unit mode scpc|hub|outroute|inroute|remote|hmesh|fhub|frem
- unit mode
This command has to be followed by saving the configuration and router reboot.
TDM/TDMA MESH terminals can be switched to MESH mode by “unit mode hmesh” command. Actual settings of
Tx and Rx Inroute channels could be verified with “show tdma” command and if necessary can be modified with
“tdma tx inroute X” and “tdma rx Inroute X” commands.
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2.15.3
Exploitation
UHP-1000 Routers belong to the class of unattended equipment and during its operation does not require any
special staff exploitation. When operated as SCPC station or TDM/TDMA terminal the satellite router does not
require any changes of settings or it is configured remotely from the Hub. The tasks of operational staff are limited
to the following:

Monitoring of climatic environment of operation, ensuring the absence of dust, preventing the ingress of
moisture on the surface of the device. Should provide unrestricted air access to router for cooling.

Cables connected to the device must not suffer any significant impact on the connections of the router.
All connectors must be properly attached and secured.
2.15.4
Troubleshooting
Table 10 Troubleshooting guide
Symptoms
Router doesn’t work
Possible reasons
Actions
AC power beyond the limits of allowed
values
Power cord is broken
Check AC power voltage
Power Supply failure
Short-circuit in transmit cable
Check PSU cables.
Verify if output DC Voltage is in nominal range.
Replace PSU module
Check PSU cables.
Contact your nearest dealer or service center for
advanced support.
Press RESET button on the rear panel of the router.
Contact your nearest dealer or service center for
advanced support.
Disconnect and check Tx cable
Software failure
Reset software to factory defaults
Incorrect configuration
Check Rx frequency and symbol rate (see section
2.5).
IF cable failure
Check Rx cable and make sure that its connectors
are properly connected to the LNB and the router.
LNB is not powered
Check if LNB power is switched on (see section
2.5.3)
Disconnect Rx IF cable from LNB and make sure that
12-18 VDC is available on the connector.
Check Rx level in the statistic of the demodulator.
Verify availability of the carrier and its level with
spectrum analyzer.
Contact Hub administrator and investigate if the
carrier is properly transmitting and local weather
conditions not attenuate the signal.
Measure carrier signal to noise level with a
spectrum analyzer.
Verify if antenna is properly pointed to the satellite
and there no obstacles in the direction to the
satellite.
Check the integrity of the film of antenna’s feed
horn and absence of moisture in it.
Router Failure
ERROR indicator lights
constantly after
power on.
Router restarts every
3-5 seconds.
No reception from
the satellite (indicator
LOCK is off, single
flashes of ERROR
indicator)
Router can’t start the software
No carrier on the satellite or its level is
insufficient.
Low Rx carrier level
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Check PSU cables and output voltage of PSU.
Replace a cable.
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Symptoms
High rate of errors of
Rx path (LOCK
indicator is not
lighting constantly)
Possible reasons
Actions
LNB failure
Bad weather conditions
Replace LNB to the spare one
The quality of reception may temporary decrease
during intensive rainfall, for, thunderstorm
cloudiness.
Check if there is no snow or ice on the antenna
surface and on the feed horn.
Check C/N in demodulator’s statistics (See section
2.5.4).
Verify if antenna is properly pointed to the satellite
and there no obstacles in the direction to the
satellite.
Check the integrity of the film of antenna’s feed
horn and absence of moisture in it.
Check Eb/No in demodulator’s statistics (See
section 2.5.4).
Contact Hub administrator and investigate if the
carrier is properly transmitting and local weather
conditions not attenuate the signal
Check Tx frequency and symbol rate of the
modulator. Make sure that transmission is enabled
(see Section 2.7)
Low signal to noise level
Low Rx carrier level
Interferences
Station is not
transmitting
(Reception is normal:
LOCK indicator is
lighting, but TX
indicator is off)
Station is not
transmitting
(Reception is normal:
LOCK indicator is
lighting, TX indicator
is blinking, but
transmission is not
received by
Hub/opposite station)
Other symptoms
2.15.5
Wrong network setting
Transmission of the terminal is not
allowed by Hub (only for TDM/TDMA
terminal)
IF Tx cable failure
Contact Hub administrator
BUC is not powered
BUC failure
Check if BUC power is switched on (see section 2.7)
Disconnect Tx IF cable from BUC and make sure that
24 VDC is available on the connector.
Replace the BUC on the spare one
Other reasons
Contact your dealer or service center
Check Tx cable and make sure that its connectors
are properly connected to the BUC and the router.
Configuration management
UHP-1000 router configuration contains in configuration profiles. There are three profiles – the current and two
saved ones. The current profile is dealt with by software of the router and changes in its configuration are made by
the user. When the router is rebooted the content of current profile is lost. The saved profiles with numbers 0 and
1 are written in the non-volatile memory (flash) and are not changed during reboot operation. After switching on
or restart the router usually copies the saved profile 0 in the current profile (loads the configuration). Profile 1 can
also load if it is set so in the loading mode settings (see the relevant Chapter). The user can at any time copy the
current profile in one of the saved ones.
Profile 1 can be used to create a working configuration copy prior the experiments are initiated.
Configuration management commands:
---------- Configuration management
config description STRING
- Describe current configuration
Sets configuration textual description displayed on the “show memory eeprom” command.
config load default
- Load default configuration
Loads default settings. (IP=192.168.222.222/29).
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config load 0-1
- Load configuration from specified profile
Loads one of the saved profiles in the current one.
config save 0-1
- Save current configuration to specified profile
Saves the current profile (zero at the command’s end may not be entered).
show config
- Show current configuration
Prints out current configuration.
show memory ram|flash|eeprom
- Show memory state
Prints out configuration profile list in eeprom.
2.15.6
Events (LOGGING)
UHP-1000 router generates messages with the changes that show the router subsystems state. These messages
are as follows:
o
System messages on restart, saving configuration, etc.
o
Messages on changes in the interfaces state
o
Messages on changes in the stations status (for CS).
Examples of events:
+00:00:01
+00:00:01
+00:00:01
+00:00:02
Interface
Interface
Interface
Interface
Demodulator enabled
Modulator enabled
Modulator UP
Demodulator UP
The first to be displayed is the time stamp. If the router time is synchronized with the Hub (this occurs
automatically), the current time is generated with the account of the time zone which is set on the router. If
synchronization is missing, the time stamp starts with the + sign to signify the time that have passed since the
router was switched on.
All messages are sent to the current console, plus part of them that has been selected by the user (be default – all),
written in the non-volatile memory and saved during restarts.
show log
- Display logs
Look message log through (old messages printed first).
clear log
- Purge logs
Clear the log.
logging interface|demod|config|system enable|disable
- Logging events
Permit or prohibit entering various message types in the log.
2.15.7
Limitations to access to the router
UHP-1000 router is provided with two privilege levels – User and Administrator. The User has access to the entire
statistics but cannot change router configuration. Two passwords to log in the router are set. User password closes
access to the router over Telnet and console. If, in this case, Administrator password is not set, by entering user
password the logging-in person obtains administrator access. This is the most convenient mode. If it is necessary to
differentiate the access to the router on both levels, you have to issue the «admin» command and enter the
second password to obtain administrator rights. In the latter mode, if only administrator password is set, anyone
can log in without password and see statistics, and for the administrator mode – make use of the «admin»
command.
These passwords are used also for WWW-access.
admin - Switch to Administrator mode
Switch over to administrator mode.
password user|administrator
- Set passwords
Change or switch off password. If you afterwards press “enter” button two times, the password will
be reset.
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exit
- Log out from console
Exit from remote or console session.
2.15.8
SNMP protocol
UHP-1000 router supports SNMP protocol versions V1 and Community-based V2. The following SNMP classes are
supported:
.iso.org.dod.internet.
management.mib2.
system.
...
interfaces.
...
private.enterprises.UHP.uhpV22.
...
Information on variables can be obtained from the MIB file supplied with the router or from UHP NMS.
---------- SNMP parameters
snmp community read|write STRING
- Set community strings
Defining SNMP passwords for reading and writing (by default “public” and “private”). Community
strings are truncated to 8 symbols.
snmp access IP_ADDR IP_ADDR
- Allow access from
Set up of IP-addresses from which the router will receive SNMP requests. Zero address (0.0.0.0)
means that this value is not used. With both zero addresses access over SNMP to the router is fully
blocked. If the first address is entered as 255.255.255.255, the access to the router will be possible
from any IP-address.
show snmp
- Display SNMP parameters
Display SNMP statistics.
UHP#sh sn
Read community
Wrt. community
IP permitted 1
IP permitted 2
Input requests
-
public
private
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
0
Illegal IP address
Wrong rd.community
Wrong wr.community
No variable in MIB
Table out of index
–
0
0
0
0
0
The first row contains SNMP settings and the number of requests received by the router.
Illegal IP address - Number of requests from non-permitted IP-addresses.
Wrong community
- Number of requests with a wrong password (community).
No variable in MIB
- Non-existing variable is requested.
Table out of index
- Table value beyond the Table scope is requested.
2.15.9
SNTP Protocol
UHP-1000 router supports Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP). It is a simplified implementation of the protocol
NTP and used in embedded systems and devices that do not require high accuracy.
Using this protocol allows synchronizing time on all devices of the network. The router can be a client that
synchronizes its time counter with a server and/or act as a server responding to respective client requests.
The following command used to configure SNTP functionality of UHP router:
time sntp mode off|client|server|both
- SNTP operation mode
where,
off
SNTP is disabled
client
Router acts as a client and synchronize its time with server be respective requests
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server
Router acts as a server, responding to client’s request with its time counter
both
Combined mode, when router asks external server for time and may respond to other
clients too
If router acts as a client or combined mode the command "time sntp access" defines IP address of the
respective SNTP server.
time sntp access IP_ADDR [0-1023]
- SNTP server access IP VLAN
where,
IP_ADDR IP address of SNTP server
[0-1023] VLAN routing table to be used for accessing the SNTP server
2.15.10 Additional commands
watchdog reset|interrupt
- Watchdog timer overflow action
Debugging service command.
reboot [0-1000]
- Reboot device [delay in minutes]
Router reboot. If configuration has been changed but not saved, all the changes will be lost.
Command without parameter initiates immediate reboot after confirmation. If parameter is specified
delayed reboot is initiated. This is a fail-safe measure before any critical configuration changes to
allow auto-recovery if configuration will be screwed-up.
reboot stop
- Stop delayed reboot
Abandon delayed reboot.
reboot auto 0-120
- Reboot if TDMA down [delay/minutes, <5 - disable]
Perform automatic reboot if there is no link to hub. Current setting is shown in «show system»
printout.
time shift -24-24
- Local time zone
Difference in time zone with Hub.
time set 0-24 0-60 1-31 1-12 0-99
- Set date/time
HH MM DD MM YY
Set local time on the router. Time is lost upon reboot.
2.15.11 Controlling router status
Enter router’s IP address into Internet browser to access to connect to a monitoring and control page of the router
(see Figure 13). Switch to the “Status” page for actual status of the router and its interfaces. The page will be
automatically updated every 5 seconds. “Refresh” link allows manually updating the page on request.
Alternatively, the current status of the router can be accessed through a console with the following commands:
show interface ethernet|tdma|demodulator|modulator
- Interface stats
Displays settings and statistics of respective interface
show log
- Display logs
Displays a log of events (from latest to newest)
2.15.12 Traffic diagnostics
---------- Diagnostics
ping IP_ADDR [1-1000000] [36-1470] [1-10000] [0 - 1020]
Interval(ms) [VLAN]
- IP Number Size
Sending PING request. The router can send up to 1000 packets per second.
Packet size (In contrast to WIN, LINUX) should be specified together with IP and ICMP protocol
headers.
Example of PING command:
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UHP # ping 10.0.0.1
SRC: 10.0.0.13 -> DST: 10.0.0.1 VLAN: 0
5 packets of 40 (12+8+20) bytes every 1000 ms (320 bps)
---------------------------------------------Reply 1
TTL: 30
VLAN: 0
RTT: 4
Reply 2
TTL: 30
VLAN: 0
RTT: 1
Reply 3
TTL: 30
VLAN: 0
RTT: 1
Reply 4
TTL: 30
VLAN: 0
RTT: 1
Reply 5
TTL: 30
VLAN: 0
RTT: 1
---------------------------------------------5 packets transmitted; 0 packets lost (0%) RTT (ms) min/average/max: 1 / 1 / 4
traffic-generator IP_ADDR 1-10000 36-1500 [0-102]
packet_length [VLAN]
- IP packets/second
Switches traffic generator on. Apart from IP-address you have to set the number of packets per
second, the size of packets and number of VLAN which routing table should be used by the traffic
generator.
traffic-generator off
- Disable traffic generator
Switches traffic generator off.
Traffic generator sends same PING requests to the relevant address. In difference to PING the generator operates
in the background mode and does not interfere with entering the commands, features no statistics and is intended
for diagnostics with reference to counters on interfaces.
The following command displays performance of different protocols and should be used for advanced debugging.
debug packets|arp|rtp|ping|igmp|dhcp|backup|antenna off|on
- Debugging
2.15.13 Powering off
To power the router off the Power Supply should be disconnected from AC power. If the device is
powered by a low-voltage DC source, it can be powered off by disconnecting the DC cord from DC IN
connector of the router.
2.15.14 Safety instructions for operations

Connect and disconnect any cables only when router is powers off;

Do not block ventilation holes of the router, as this could lead to overheating of the device;

Clean the router by dry cloth, do not use liquid wipes or cleaners;

Router must be installed on a stable and flat surface;

Do not install on the router or near any glasses, vases and other containers containing liquid;

Do not try to repair the router and not use it for other purposes;

There no serviceable components inside, opening a case is not permitted;

Servicing by qualified personnel only;
2.15.15 Actions in case of fire
In case of fire or any smoke of the router please immediately power off the device and if necessary, use
extinguishing tools that are intended for electrical circuits.
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3.
EXPLOITATION
3.1
Technical maintenance
UHP-1000 Satellite Routers do not require any regular maintenance throughout its lifetime. All the parameters
that are subject to change during operation (e.g. signal level, the delay to the satellite, etc.) are automatically
controlled and compensated by embedded software. Time to time satellite routers may require
updating/upgrading the software. Such updates are just recommended by manufacturer, which is performed at
the discretion of the user.
3.2
Router software
One of the key advantages of UHP-1000 satellite routers is the ability to increase its functionality just by software
updates. Software updates also include corrections of any known bugs and improve the algorithms of the system.
The updated software can be installed in the satellite router by the user. Also, such update can be performed by
any authorized service center. In most cases, updating is carried out remotely without the need to dismount and
disable the equipment.
Four types of software exist – DVB1, DVB2, DVB2 miniHUB and REM. They differ in supported modes of operation.
Software user interface is the same.
SW type
DVB-S1 RX
DVB-S1 TX
DVB-S2 RX
DVB-S2 TX
TDMA TX
TDMA RX
DVB1
+
+
-
-
+
+
DVB2
+
+
+
+
-
-
DVB2
miniHUB
-
-
ACM Short
Frames
ACM Short
Frames
+
+
REM
+
-
+
-
+
+
DVB1 SW works in all modes except DVB-S2. It cannot transmit or receive DVB-S2.
DVB2 SW works only as SCPC modem or Outroute Controller of the hub – it cannot work with TDMA. It can
transmit and receive both DVB-S1 and DVB-S2.
DVB2 miniHUB SW works only as HUB modem in DVB-S2 ACM Short Frames mode (transfer in DVB-S2 ACM Short
frames and reception one TDMA carrier).
REM SW can receive DVB-S and DVB-S2 and can work as STAR or MESH terminal, Inroute Controller and HUBLESS
stations. It cannot transmit DVB-S1 or DVB-S2, so it cannot be SCPC modem or hub.
Information about newest software updates can be obtained from any dealer, authorized service centers.
3.2.1
Software boot management
UHP software (SW) is placed in the non-volatile memory (flash memory). For convenience and wider capabilities
the router flash memory can contain up to three different SW versions. SW is written in the memory banks.
Memory banks are numbered from 0 to 3. Zero bank contains a loader designed for selecting of which of the banks
should be downloaded during start (other functions of the loader are inaccessible to the user). By default memory
banks 1, 2 and 3 include preinstalled REM, DVB1 and DVB2 software respectively. Bank content example:
UHP# sh
Bank 0:
Bank 1:
Bank 2:
Bank 3:
Default
me fl
UHP boot loader
UHP TDMA software
UHP DVB-S1 Software
UHP DVB-S2 SCPC/Hub SW
load bank - 1
Version:00010401
Version:02021016
Version:02040100
Version:02040100
Length:10932
Length:376332
Length:388276
Length:317644
CS:OK
CS:OK
CS:OK
CS:OK
The boot loader, when the router is started, selects which of the SW banks to download and which configuration
profile to use for SW operation.
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Default action – list through the banks in sequence and download the first bank in which SW will be with the
correct checksum, having used the zero configuration profile.
You can change the loader behavior by specifying directly the number of the bank which should be used to start
SW, and the configuration profile number.
When the router SW is updated you have the possibility of verification of the new SW performance without finally
transiting to it. To do so, you can start new SW once and if there are any problems (e.g. Hub communication is
unavailable), the router will in some time reboot back to the old SW or in any case or if it failed to establish
communication with the Hub. This procedure is named fallback. If, when working with the temporary SW, the
router is overloaded with user’s activities it will also get loaded in the main SW.
To implement this fallback mechanism, you have to specify which bank should be used to download the main SW
from and which - the temporary SW.
Main=0, Temp=0
Main>0, Temp=0
Temp>0
RESET
RESET
RESET
Autoselect of
bank
Select
Main
Select
Temp
Software launch
Delay
Reset
No HUB
connection
AutoRestart
Select
Main
Software launch
Figure 25 Router reboot procedure
Reboot procedure control commands write the configuration not in the configuration profile but in a separate
place. Changes come into force immediately after the command is entered and no save operation is required.
boot main 0-3 0-1
- Main boot profile FLASH_BANK(0-auto) CONF_BANK
The command selects the main bank for reboot. The first parameter for the bank is SW, the second –
for the configuration profile.
boot temp 0-3 0-1
- Temp boot profile FLASH_BANK(0-none) CONF_BANK
Same for the bank with temporary SW.
boot fallback timeout 1-10000
- Temp image auto fallback period (min)
Delay in minutes prior to possible reboot back to the main bank.
boot fallback reason uptime|link-up
- Auto fallback reason
After the delay, reboot occurs either in any case or if the station failed to establish communication
with Hub.
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boot fallback stop
- Abandon auto fallback
Abandons automatic reboot. Manual reboot will in any case take place to the main bank.
Reboot procedure settings can be displayed using «show boot» command:
UHP# sh bo
Main:
Flash bank - AUTO
Config profile - 0
Temp:
Flash bank - NONE
Config profile - 0
Fallback delay: 5 Fallback reason: Link-up
Example of working with fallback.
 Old SW in bank 1, new one is written down in bank 3
 bo ma 1 - main bank 1
 bo te 3 - temporary bank 3
 re
- reboot (bank 3 will be rebooted)
If you managed to log in the router, issue the "boot fallb stop” command, counting until reboot will stop.
 bo ma 3
 bo te 0 0
- make bank 3 as the main one
- switch fallback off
If you failed to log in the router, the router will in 5 minutes (by default) reboot back to bank 1.
If you do not switch fallback off, the router will every time boot from another bank.
3.2.2
Software update
ATTENTION! IF SW UPDATING FAILED OR WAS PERFORMED IN A WRONG WAY, OR CONTENTS OF ALL BANKS WAS
ERASED, A COMPLICATED PROCEDURE TO RESTORE SW, AND EVEN SENDING THE ROUTER TO THE SERVICE CENTER MAY
BE REQUIRED.
The updating procedure includes the following steps:






Downloading new SW to the router using TFTP or X-modem
Checking the checksum for correctness and proper downloading (version, length)
Writing the SW to one of the three banks
Checking the checksum for proper downloading and place of loading (bank)
Correcting loading parameters (if necessary)
Rebooting to new SW
SW boot commands:
image load tftp IP_ADDR 0-1000 STRING - Load image from TFTP server to RAM buffer
Load file from TFTP server to the router buffer memory.
image load xmodem
- Load image with X-modem to RAM buffer
Load using terminal X-modem protocol (not X-modem CRC).
image load flash
- Copy image from flash to RAM buffer
Copy flash bank contents to the buffer memory (a list will be offered). It may be required to rearrange or
swap the bank contents.
erase flash
- Erase flash bank
Erases the bank of flash memory.
image write
- Write image to flash
Writes the buffer memory to the flash bank. A menu with the bank selection will be offered. You can
cancel the writing procedure at the bank selection step using any letter key.
show memory ram|flash|eeprom
- Show memory state
Using the flash parameter prints out the bank list and bank contents.
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4.
MAINTENANCE
In many cases, reinstalling system software allows to restore a satellite router functionality (see Section 3.2), which
may need reset to the factory default configuration (see Section 4.2).
If the recovery of software cannot be implemented successfully, or if this operation does not eliminate the defect,
it is necessary to illuminate the faulty device accordingly to the Section 2.15.4 and replace it by new device.
4.1
4.1.1
Replacement of modules
Common recommendations
Repair of satellite router is carried out by replacing defective units (PSU or a router) or the whole product.
Replacement must be carried out only on original and compatible units, supplied by the manufacturer. After
replacing the power supply the router is immediately ready for further operation. In case of a satellite router
replacement it has to be reconfigured to the network parameters in accordance with Section 2.2.
4.1.2
Safety instructions
Repair by replacing blocks of satellite router must be carried out by qualified personnel only and with powered off
device only.
4.2
Resetting to default settings
To reset user settings you can make use of a special restart procedure. Press RESET button four times with 2
seconds intervals.
Normal reset
Push reset
Factory default reset
Push reset
Push reset
Push reset
Push reset
Figure 26 Router resetting to default procedure
Successful reset will be evidenced by fast and simultaneously flashing indictors ERROR and STATUS.
By default, UHP-1000 router is provided with IP-address 192.168.222.222 with mask 255.255.255.248 (/29).
Respectively, the computer should be provided with an address, e.g. 192.168.222.217 with the same mask.
The default address is not shown in the route Table. And what is more, it disappears after the first saving of the
configuration. Thus the first thing to do, with the Telnet access, is to set a new IP-address (it may be similar to the
default address when required), exit the session, and connect to the new address and only then save the
configuration.
After the first saving of the configuration the ERROR and STATUS indicators stop flashing simultaneously.
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5.
STORAGE, TRANSPORTATION AND DISPOSAL
Storage and transportation of satellite routers must be performed in original packaging. Equipment can be stored
and transported in pallet with height not more than 10 devices.
Storage and transportation should comply with the following conditions:

- humidity is not more than (80 ± 3)% at a temperature (25 ± 2)°C;

- limiting low temperature of storage (minus 40 ± 2) ° C;

- limiting high temperature of storage (50 ± 2) ° C.

- atmospheric pressure 720 ÷ 770 mm. Hg.
Utilization of satellite routers must be in accordance with the rules for disposal of industrial or consumer
electronics in accordance with applicable law.
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