TOTAL ACCESS 600R
System Manual
4200600L1#TDM
61200600L1-1A
December 2002
Total Access 600R TDM
Trademarks
Any brand names and product names included in this manual are trademarks, registered trademarks, or
trade names of their respective holders.
To the Holder of the Manual
The contents of this manual are current as of the date of publication. ADTRAN reserves the right to change
the contents without prior notice.
In no event will ADTRAN be liable for any special, incidental, or consequential damages or for
commercial losses even if ADTRAN has been advised thereof as a result of issue of this publication.
901 Explorer Boulevard
P.O. Box 140000
Huntsville, AL 35814-4000
Phone: (256) 963-8000
©2002 ADTRAN, Inc.
All Rights Reserved.
Printed in U.S.A.
About this Manual
This manual provides a complete description of the Total Access 600R system and system software. The
purpose of this manual is to provide the technician, system administrator, and manager with general and
specific information related to the planning, installation, operation, and maintenance of the Total Access
600R. This manual is arranged so that needed information can be quickly and easily found. The following
is an overview of the contents.
Section 1
System Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Provides managers with a system overview, features and benefits, and a list of resource
modules supported.
Section 2
Engineering Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Provides equipment dimensions, power requirements, front panel design, rear panel
design, LEDs, and at-a-glance specifications.
Section 3
Network Turnup Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Provides shipment contents list, grounding instructions, mounting options, and specifics
of supplying power to the unit.
Section 4
User Interface Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Provides detailed definitions, ranges, and default values for all menu options.
Section 5
Detail Level Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Provides instructions on how to perform basic unit functions such as:
Connection
Log-in
Adding/removing telnet users and changing passwords
Setting IP parameters and verifying LAN communication
Telnet
Firmware upgrade
Saving and loading config files
Section 6
ADTRAN Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
Provides instructions for configuring and using the ADTRAN Utilities software programs
including Telnet, VT100, and TFTP.
Section 7
MIB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191
Provides the MIB compilation order and the MIBs, Traps, and MIB Variables supported
by the unit.
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3
Revision History
This is the first issue of this manual.
4
© 2002 ADTRAN, Inc.
61200600L1-1A
Notes provide additional useful information.
Cautions signify information that could prevent service interruption.
Warnings provide information that could prevent damage to the equipment or
endangerment to human life.
Safety Instructions
When using your telephone equipment, please follow these basic safety precautions to reduce the risk of
fire, electrical shock, or personal injury:
1. Do not use this product near water, such as a bathtub, wash bowl, kitchen sink, laundry tub, in a
wet basement, or near a swimming pool.
2. Avoid using a telephone (other than a cordless-type) during an electrical storm. There is a remote
risk of shock from lightning.
3. Do not use the telephone to report a gas leak in the vicinity of the leak.
4. Use only the power cord, power supply, and/or batteries indicated in the manual. Do not dispose of
batteries in a fire. They may explode. Check with local codes for special disposal instructions.
Save These Important Safety Instructions
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© 2002 ADTRAN, Inc.
5
FCC regulations require that the following information be provided in this manual:
1. This equipment complies with Part 68 of FCC rules. On the back of the equipment housing is a
label showing the FCC registration number and ringer equivalence number (REN). If requested,
provide this information to the telephone company.
2. If this equipment causes harm to the telephone network, the telephone company may temporarily
discontinue service. If possible, advance notification is given; otherwise, notification is given as
soon as possible. The telephone company will advise the customer of the right to file a complaint
with the FCC.
3. The telephone company may make changes in its facilities, equipment, operations, or procedures
that could affect the proper operation of this equipment. Advance notification and the opportunity
to maintain uninterrupted service are given.
4. If experiencing difficulty with this equipment, please contact ADTRAN for repair and warranty
information. The telephone company may require this equipment to be disconnected from the
network until the problem is corrected or it is certain the equipment is not malfunctioning.
5. This unit contains no user-serviceable parts.
6. An FCC compliant telephone cord with a modular plug is provided with this equipment. This
equipment is designed to be connected to the telephone network or premises wiring using an FCC
compatible modular jack, which is Part 68 compliant.
7. The following information may be required when applying to the local telephone company for
leased line facilities.
Product
Total Access 600R
Reg. Number
Service Type
HDCUSA-44556-DE-N
1.544 Mbps - SF
1.544 Mbps - SF and B8ZS
1.544 Mbps - ESF
1.544 Mbps - ESF and B8ZS
REN/SOC
FIC
USOC
6.0N
04DU9-BN
04DU9-DN
04DU9-1KN
04DU9-1SN
RJ-48C
8. The REN is useful in determining the quantity of devices you may connect to your telephone line
and still have all of those devices ring when your number is called. In most areas, the sum of the
RENs of all devices should not exceed five. To be certain of the number of devices you may
connect to your line as determined by the REN, call your telephone company to determine the
maximum REN for your calling area.
9. This equipment may not be used on coin service provided by the telephone company. Connection
to party lines is subject to state tariffs. Contact your state public utility commission or corporation
commission for information.
Affidavit Requirements for Connection to Digital Services
•
6
An affidavit is required to be given to the telephone company whenever digital terminal equipment
without encoded analog content and billing protection is used to transmit digital signals containing
encoded analog content which are intended for eventual conversion into voiceband analog signals and
transmitted on the network.
© 2002 ADTRAN, Inc.
61200600L1-1A
•
•
The affidavit shall affirm that either no encoded analog content or billing information is being
transmitted or that the output of the device meets Part 68 encoded analog content or billing protection
specifications.
End user/customer will be responsible for filing an affidavit with the local exchange carrier when
connecting unprotected customer premise equipment (CPE) to 1.544 Mbps or subrate digital services.
Until such time as subrate digital terminal equipment is registered for voice applications, the affidavit
requirement for subrate services is waived.
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© 2002 ADTRAN, Inc.
7
Affidavit for Connection of Customer Premises Equipment
to 1.544 Mbps and/or Subrate Digital Services
For the work to be performed in the certified territory of ___________________ (telco name)
State of ________________
County of ________________
I, _______________________ (name), ____________________________________ (business address),
____________________ (telephone number) being duly sworn, state:
I have responsibility for the operation and maintenance of the terminal equipment to be connected
to 1.544 Mbps and/or ________ subrate digital services. The terminal equipment to be connected
complies with Part 68 of the FCC rules except for the encoded analog content and billing protection
specifications. With respect to encoded analog content and billing protection:
( ) I attest that all operations associated with the establishment, maintenance, and adjustment of the digital
CPE with respect to analog content and encoded billing protection information continuously complies
with Part 68 of the FCC Rules and Regulations.
( ) The digital CPE does not transmit digital signals containing encoded analog content or billing
information which is intended to be decoded within the telecommunications network.
( ) The encoded analog content and billing protection is factory set and is not under the control of the
customer.
I attest that the operator(s)/maintainer(s) of the digital CPE responsible for the establishment,
maintenance, and adjustment of the encoded analog content and billing information has (have) been
trained to perform these functions by successfully having completed one of the following (check
appropriate blocks):
( ) A. A training course provided by the manufacturer/grantee of the equipment used to encode analog
signals; or
( ) B. A training course provided by the customer or authorized representative, using training materials
and instructions provided by the manufacturer/grantee of the equipment used to encode analog
signals; or
( ) C. An independent training course (e.g., trade school or technical institution) recognized by the
manufacturer/grantee of the equipment used to encode analog signals; or
( ) D. In lieu of the preceding training requirements, the operator(s)/maintainer(s) is (are) under the
control of a supervisor trained in accordance with _________ (circle one) above.
8
© 2002 ADTRAN, Inc.
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I agree to provide ______________________ (telco’s name) with proper documentation to
demonstrate compliance with the information as provided in the preceding paragraph, if so
requested.
_________________________________Signature
_________________________________Title
_________________________________ Date
Transcribed and sworn to before me
This ________ day of _______________, _______
_________________________________
Notary Public
My commission expires:
_________________________________
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© 2002 ADTRAN, Inc.
9
Federal Communications Commission Radio Frequency Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant
to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates,
uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio frequencies. Operation of this equipment in a
residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to correct the
interference at his own expense.
Shielded cables must be used with this unit to ensure compliance with Class A FCC limits.
Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the party responsible
for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
10
© 2002 ADTRAN, Inc.
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Industry Canada Compliance Information
Notice: The Industry Canada label applied to the product (identified by the Industry Canada logo or the
“IC:” in front of the certification/registration number) signifies that the Industry Canada technical
specifications were met.
Notice: The Ringer Equivalence Number (REN) for this terminal equipment is supplied in the
documentation or on the product labeling/markings. The REN assigned to each terminal device indicates
the maximum number of terminals that can be connected to a telephone interface. The termination on an
interface may consist of any combination of devices subject only to the requirement that the sum of the
RENs of all the devices should not exceed five (5).
Canadian Emissions Requirements
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus
as set out in the interference-causing equipment standard entitled “Digital Apparatus,” ICES-003 of the
Department of Communications.
Cet appareil numérique respecte les limites de bruits radioelectriques applicables aux appareils numériques
de Class A prescrites dans la norme sur le materiel brouilleur: “Appareils Numériques,” NMB-003 edictee
par le ministre des Communications.
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© 2002 ADTRAN, Inc.
11
Warranty and Customer Service
ADTRAN will repair and return this product within ten years from the date of shipment if it does not meet
its published specifications or fails while in service. For detailed warranty, repair, and return information
refer to the ADTRAN Equipment Warranty and Repair and Return Policy Procedure.
Return Material Authorization (RMA) is required prior to returning equipment to ADTRAN.
For service, RMA requests, or further information, contact one of the numbers listed at the end of this
section.
LIMITED PRODUCT WARRANTY
ADTRAN warrants that for ten years from the date of shipment to Customer, all products manufactured by
ADTRAN will be free from defects in materials and workmanship. ADTRAN also warrants that products
will conform to the applicable specifications and drawings for such products, as contained in the Product
Manual or in ADTRAN's internal specifications and drawings for such products (which may or may not be
reflected in the Product Manual). This warranty only applies if Customer gives ADTRAN written notice of
defects during the warranty period. Upon such notice, ADTRAN will, at its option, either repair or replace
the defective item. If ADTRAN is unable, in a reasonable time, to repair or replace any equipment to a
condition as warranted, Customer is entitled to a full refund of the purchase price upon return of the
equipment to ADTRAN. This warranty applies only to the original purchaser and is not transferable
without ADTRAN's express written permission. This warranty becomes null and void if Customer
modifies or alters the equipment in any way, other than as specifically authorized by ADTRAN.
EXCEPT FOR THE LIMITED WARRANTY DESCRIBED ABOVE, THE FOREGOING
CONSTITUTES THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY OF THE CUSTOMER AND THE
EXCLUSIVE LIABILITY OF ADTRAN AND IS IN LIEU OF ANY AND ALL OTHER WARRANTIES
(EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED). ADTRAN SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ALL OTHER WARRANTIES,
INCLUDING (WITHOUT LIMITATION), ALL WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION
OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES, SO THIS EXCLUSION MAY NOT APPLY TO CUSTOMER.
In no event will ADTRAN or its suppliers be liable to the Customer for any incidental, special, punitive,
exemplary or consequential damages experienced by either the Customer or a third party (including, but
not limited to, loss of data or information, loss of profits, or loss of use). ADTRAN is not liable for
damages for any cause whatsoever (whether based in contract, tort, or otherwise) in excess of the amount
paid for the item. Some states do not allow the limitation or exclusion of liability for incidental or
consequential damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply to the Customer.
12
© 2002 ADTRAN, Inc.
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Customer Service, Product Support Information, and Training
ADTRAN will repair and return this product if within ten years from the date of shipment the product
does not meet its published specification or the product fails while in service.
A return material authorization (RMA) is required prior to returning equipment to ADTRAN. For service,
RMA requests, training, or more information, use the contact information given below.
Repair and Return
If you determine that a repair is needed, please contact our Customer and Product Service (CAPS)
department to have an RMA number issued. CAPS should also be contacted to obtain information
regarding equipment currently in house or possible fees associated with repair.
CAPS Department
(256) 963-8722
Identify the RMA number clearly on the package (below address), and return to the following address:
ADTRAN Customer and Product Service
901 Explorer Blvd. (East Tower)
Huntsville, Alabama 35806
RMA # _____________
Pre-Sales Inquiries and Applications Support
Your reseller should serve as the first point of contact for support. If additional pre-sales support is needed,
the ADTRAN Support web site provides a variety of support services such as a searchable knowledge
base, latest product documentation, application briefs, case studies, and a link to submit a question to an
Applications Engineer. All of this, and more, is available at:
http://support.adtran.com
When needed, further pre-sales assistance is available by calling our Applications Engineering
Department.
Applications Engineering (800) 615-1176
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© 2002 ADTRAN, Inc.
13
Post-Sale Support
Your reseller should serve as the first point of contact for support. If additional support is needed, the
ADTRAN Support web site provides a variety of support services such as a searchable knowledge base,
updated firmware releases, latest product documentation, service request ticket generation and
trouble-shooting tools. All of this, and more, is available at:
http://support.adtran.com
When needed, further post-sales assistance is available by calling our Technical Support Center. Please
have your unit serial number available when you call.
Technical Support
(888) 4ADTRAN
Installation and Maintenance Support
The ADTRAN Custom Extended Services (ACES) program offers multiple types and levels of installation
and maintenance services which allow you to choose the kind of assistance you need. This support is
available at:
http://www.adtran.com/aces
For questions, call the ACES Help Desk.
ACES Help Desk
(888) 874-ACES (2237)
Training
The Enterprise Network (EN) Technical Training Department offers training on our most popular products.
These courses include overviews on product features and functions while covering applications of
ADTRAN's product lines. ADTRAN provides a variety of training options, including customized training
and courses taught at our facilities or at your site. For more information about training, please contact your
Territory Manager or the Enterprise Training Coordinator.
14
Training Phone
(800) 615-1176, ext. 7500
Training Fax
(256) 963-6700
Training Email
training@adtran.com
© 2002 ADTRAN, Inc.
61200600L1-1A
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
This section of ADTRAN’s Total Access 600R System Manual is designed for use by network engineers,
planners, and designers for overview information about the Total Access 600R.
It contains general information and describes the L2 protocol support, routing capability, security, and
testing features. This section should be used in conjunction with Section 2, Engineering Guidelines, of this
system manual.
CONTENTS
System Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Features and Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuration and Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Software Upgradeable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Network Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LAN Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Protocol Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frame Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PPP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Routing Capability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Integrated Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18
18
18
18
18
19
19
19
19
19
19
20
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© 2002 ADTRAN, Inc.
Section 1 System Description
16
Total Access 600R System Manual
© 2002 ADTRAN, Inc.
61200600L1-1A
Total Access 600R System Manual
1.
Section 1 System Description
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
The Total Access 600R is a cost-effective T1/FT1 access router designed for small and medium businesses,
branch offices and campuses. The unit provides 1.54 Mbps for dedicated Internet access or remote office
connectivity. With its integrated CSU/DSU, the Total Access 600R provides wide area network access
over a standard T1 or fractional T1 circuit.
Multiple users can share network access over a single T1 connection. For simultaneous access to both a
corporate network and the public Internet, the unit offers the ability to configure multiple frame relay
PVCs. In addition, the unit includes NAT/NAPT and IP filtering which provides security from
unauthorized access to the user's network.
The Total Access 600R also provides a cost-effective campus connectivity solution. When used with
private dry copper, the unit delivers up to 1.54 Mbps to cross-campus network elements. This solution is
ideal for extending LAN segments to other buildings.
Other features include a DHCP server, TELNET support, SNMP support, ping utility, and software
upgrades via TFTP and XMODEM.
Until now, the Total Access 600R unit has been running firmware version A.03.XX. Recently, A.04.XX
has been released. The development of A.04.XX code is a significant step in the evolution of the Total
Access product line, as it allows all Total Access family members to share the same base code. This means
that features and fixes are more easily implemented and are propagated across the product line. The User
Interface Guide section of this manual represents the A.04 firmware. There are two possible upgrade paths:
(1) Upgrading from A.03 to A.04 directly (2) Upgrading from A.03 to A.03.9X (Transition Build) to A.04.
Upgrading from A.03 to A.03.9X (Transition Build) to A.04 will save the unit’s
configuration. Upgrading from A.03 to A.04 directly (or from A.04 to A.03 directly) will
erase the unit’s configuration. See DLP-015, A.03 to A.04 Firmware Upgrade, for more
details.
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17
Section 1 System Description
2.
Total Access 600R System Manual
FEATURES AND BENEFITS
Below is a list of unit features and benefits.
Configuration and Management
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
VT100 emulation via the CRAFT port
Telnet
SNMP
LAN and WAN status LEDs
Text-based configuration file support
Syslog client
ICMP Ping utility
Trace route utility
Software Upgradeable
•
•
TFTP download
XMODEM via CRAFT port
Network Interface
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Line Rate: T1 1.544 Mbps +/-75 bps
Physical Interface: RJ-48C (Modular, 8-pin)
Framing: D4 (SF)/ESF
Line Code: AMI/B8ZS
Input Signal: 0 to -36 dB
DS0 Assignment: User selectable
Timing: Loop and local
LAN Interface
•
•
•
•
•
•
18
10/100 BaseT
Half or Full Duplex
RJ-45
Secondary IP address
DHCP server
IEEE 802.3
© 2002 ADTRAN, Inc.
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Total Access 600R System Manual
Section 1 System Description
Protocol Support
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
IP
DNS
TCP
RIP V1, V2 and static routes
UDP, UDP Relay
ICMP
ARP
PPP
Frame Relay
Frame Relay
•
•
•
Support for both point-to-point and point-to-multipoint networks using up to 10 PVCs
RFC 1490 Encapsulation (Multiprotocol over Frame Relay)
Signaling Types: LMI, Annex D (ANSI), Annex A (Q933A), and Static (No Signal)
PPP
•
•
LCP, IPCP, BCP, CCP
Van Jacobson (VJ) header compression
Routing Capability
•
•
•
•
•
Ethernet: 10/100BaseT (RJ-45)
IEEE 802.3 and 802.1D (MAC Bridging)
IP Support: TCP, RIP V1, RIP V2, UDP, ICMP, ARP, UDP Relay, SYSLOG
PPP Support: LCP, IPCP, BCP
DHCP Server to LAN, DHCP from network (NAT)
Security
•
•
•
•
•
PAP, CHAP, EAP, and Radius
NAT/NAPT
Packet filtering by source and destination IP address, source and destination port number, MAC
address, protocol or pattern
Multi-layer password protection
Telnet security: Access list and password protection
Integrated Components
•
•
•
•
IP router
Network connection
10/100BaseT connection
CRAFT port
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Section 1 System Description
Total Access 600R System Manual
Testing
•
•
•
•
20
Local Loopbacks: Line and Payload
Remote Loopbacks: Line, Payload, CSU Loopbacks, and Fractional T1 loopback per ANSI
T1.403-1995 (Annex B)
Error Counts: ES, SES, SEF, FS, LCV, SLP, and UAS
Alarm Status: Loss of signal, Red Alarm, Yellow Alarm, and Blue Alarm
© 2002 ADTRAN, Inc.
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ENGINEERING GUIDELINES
CONTENTS
Equipment Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Power Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Reviewing the Front Panel Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Front Panel LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Reviewing the Rear Panel Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
NTWK Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Craft Port. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
10/100BaseT Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
AC Power Connection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
DB-9 to RJ Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
At-A-Glance Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
FIGURES
Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Total Access 600R Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Total Access 600R Rear Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
TABLES
Table 1.
Table 2.
Table 3.
Table 4.
Table 5.
Table 6.
Total Access 600R Front Panel LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
T1 NTWK Connection Pinout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
CRAFT Pinout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
10/100BaseT Pinout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
DB-9 to RJ Adapter Pinout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
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Section 2 Engineering Guidelines
1.
Total Access 600R System Manual
EQUIPMENT DIMENSIONS
The Total Access 600R measures 11.25” W, 7.5” D, and 2” H and comes equipped for table top or wall
mount use.
2.
POWER REQUIREMENTS
The Total Access 600R has a maximum power consumption of 90-125 VAC 60 Hz and a maximum current
draw of 300 mA.
3.
REVIEWING THE FRONT PANEL DESIGN
Figure 1 shows the front panel of the Total Access 600R which contains the LAN, WAN, and power LEDs.
These LEDs and their functions are described in Table 1.
LAN
WAN
Figure 1. Total Access 600R Front Panel
Front Panel LEDs
The front panel provides five status LEDs to monitor operation and activity. The following table provides
LED activity explanations.
Table 1. Total Access 600R Front Panel LEDs
For these LEDs...
This color light...
Indicates that...
LAN TX/RX
Off
There is no data traffic on the LAN.
Green (blinking)
There is data traffic on the LAN.
Off
The physical link is down; there is no Ethernet
connection.
Green (solid)
There is link integrity on the LAN (physical link is up).
Red (solid)
The T1 is in red alarm or T1 sync loss.
Yellow (solid)
The T1 is in yellow alarm.
Green (solid)
The unit is not in alarm.
LAN LINK
WAN STAT
22
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Section 2 Engineering Guidelines
Table 1. Total Access 600R Front Panel LEDs (Continued)
For these LEDs...
This color light...
Indicates that...
WAN ERR
Red (flashing)
The T1 is down.
Yellow (solid)
Errors are present on the WAN link.
Red (solid)
Severe errors are present on the WAN link.
Off
WAN link is up and error-free.
Green (solid)
Power is supplied to the unit.
Off
Power is not supplied to the unit.
PWR
4.
REVIEWING THE REAR PANEL DESIGN
The Total Access 600R rear panel is shown in Figure 2.
Figure 2. Total Access 600R Rear Panel
NTWK Connection
The NTWK connection pinout is a T1 connection. Table 2 shows the pinout for this connection.
Connector type
RJ-48C
Table 2. T1 NTWK Connection Pinout
PIN
NAME
DESCRIPTION
1
R1
RXDATA-RING
Receive data from the network
2
T1
RXDATA-TIP
Receive data from the network
3
—
UNUSED
—
4
R
TXDATA-RING
Transmit data toward the network
5
T
TXDATA-TIP
Transmit data toward the network
6, 7, 8
—
UNUSED
—
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Section 2 Engineering Guidelines
Total Access 600R System Manual
Craft Port
The CRAFT port connects to a computer or modem. The CRAFT port input provides the following
functions:
• Accepts input from a PC or a modem for controlling the unit.
• Operates at 300, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, and 115200 bps.
• Acts as input for either VT100 or PC control.
• Acts as an interface for flash memory software downloads using XMODEM.
Table 3 shows the CRAFT port pinout.
Connector type
RJ-48C
Table 3. CRAFT Pinout
PIN
NAME
DESCRIPTION
1
GND
Ground - connected to unit chassis
2
RTS
Request to send - flow control
3
RXDATA
Data received by the unit.
4
DTR
Data terminal ready
5
TXDATA
Data transmitted by the unit.
6
CD
Carrier detect
7
UNUSED
—
8
CTS
Clear to send - flow control
10/100BaseT Connection
The 10/100BASET port (RJ-48C) provides a 10/100BaseT Ethernet LAN connection, which is used for IP
Routing, TFTP, SNMP, and Telnet connections. Table 4 shows the 10/100BASET port pinout.
Connector type
RJ-48C
Table 4. 10/100BaseT Pinout
PIN
24
NAME
DESCRIPTION
1
TX1
Transmit Positive
2
TX2
Transmit Negative
3
RX1
Receive Positive
4, 5
UNUSED
—
6
RX2
Receive Negative
7, 8
UNUSED
—
© 2002 ADTRAN, Inc.
61200600L1-1A
Total Access 600R System Manual
Section 2 Engineering Guidelines
AC Power Connection
Each unit includes an auto ranging 90-125 VAC, 60 Hz power supply with a 3-prong removable cable.
Connect the power supply to a standard 120 VAC, 60 Hz electrical outlet for proper operation.
5.
DB-9 TO RJ ADAPTER
The DB-9 to RJ adapter is used to connect a PC or VT100 terminal to the CRAFT port. The adapter pinout
is shown in Table 5.
Table 5. DB-9 to RJ Adapter Pinout
DB-9
RJ-45
DESCRIPTION
2
5
TX Data
3
3
RX Data
5
1
GND
Note: All other pins are unused.
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Section 2 Engineering Guidelines
6.
Total Access 600R System Manual
AT-A-GLANCE SPECIFICATIONS
Table 6 lists the unit specifications.
Table 6. Specifications
Application
Feature
Specification
T1 Network Interface
Physical Interface
RJ-48C
Line Rate
1.544 Mbps +/- 75 bps
Framing
D4 (SF)/ESF
Line Code
AMI/B8ZS
Data Rate
10/100 Base
Duplex Type
Half or full duplex
Specifications
RFC 1490 Encapsulation (Multiprotocol over
Frame Relay)
Signaling Types
LMI
Annex D (ANSI)
Annex A (Q933A)
Static (No Signaling)
Protocols
IP
DNS
TCP
RIP V1, V2 and static routes
UDP, UDP Relay
ICMP
ARP
PPP
Frame Relay
Specifications
IEEE 802.3
IP Support
TCP, RIP V1, RIP V2, UDP, ICMP, ARP, UDP
Relay, SYSLOG
PPP Support
LCP, IPCP, BCP
DHCP
DHCP Server to LAN
DHCP from network (NAT)
LAN Interface
Frame Relay Support
Protocol Support
Routing (Ethernet)
26
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Section 2 Engineering Guidelines
Table 6. Specifications (Continued)
Application
Feature
Specification
Management
Craft Interface
EIA 232, Physical RJ-48C
Ethernet 10/100BaseT
Interface
SNMP V2 support
Syslog client
ICMP Ping Utility
Full menu-driven Telnet access
Software download via TFTP
Authentication
PAP, CHAP, EAP, and Radius
Telnet
Telnet access list and Password protection
Filtering
Packet filtering by IP address, port number,
MAC address, protocol or pattern
Security
WAN Testing and Troubleshooting
61200600L1-1A
Loopbacks
Local Loopbacks (line and payload)
Remote Loopbacks (line, payload, and CSU)
Fractional T1 loopback per ANSI T1.403-1995
(Annex B)
Status
Error Counts
Alarm Status
© 2002 ADTRAN, Inc.
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Section 2 Engineering Guidelines
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Total Access 600R System Manual
© 2002 ADTRAN, Inc.
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NETWORK TURNUP PROCEDURE
CONTENTS
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Tools Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Unpack and Inspect the System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Contents of ADTRAN Shipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Grounding Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
AC Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Supplying Power to the Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
AC Powered Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Mounting Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
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Section 3 Network Turnup Procedure
30
Total Access 600R System Manual
© 2002 ADTRAN, Inc
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Total Access 600R System Manual
1.
Section 3 Network Turnup Procedure
INTRODUCTION
This section discusses the unit installation process.
2.
TOOLS REQUIRED
The tools required for unit installation are:
•
•
Screws (customer-provided for wallmount installation)
Screwdriver (for wall or rackmount installation)
To prevent electrical shock, do not install equipment in a wet location or during a
lightning storm.
During installation, power should be the last connection made.
Electronic modules can be damaged by static electrical discharge. Before handling
modules, wear an antistatic discharge wrist strap to prevent damage to electrical
components. Place modules in antistatic packing material when transporting or storing.
When working on modules, always place them on an approved antistatic mat that is
electrically grounded.
3.
UNPACK AND INSPECT THE SYSTEM
Each unit is shipped in its own cardboard shipping carton. Open each carton carefully and avoid deep
penetration into the carton with sharp objects.
After unpacking the unit, inspect it for possible shipping damage. If the equipment has been damaged in
transit, immediately file a claim with the carrier, and then contact ADTRAN Customer Service (see the
contact information in the front of this manual).
Contents of ADTRAN Shipment
Your ADTRAN shipment of the Total Access 600R includes the following items:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Mounting Instructions (P/N 64200600L1#T-19A)
CD (P/N 32536146@B)
Cable Tie (P/N 3292032)
Silver Satin Cable (P/N 3127004)
Four Rubber Feet (P/N 3270BF003)
Power Cord (P/N 3127009)
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Section 3 Network Turnup Procedure
•
•
•
•
Total Access 600R System Manual
2 Mounting Brackets (P/N 3265421@C)
4 Screws (P/N 3276003003)
RJ-45 to DB-9 Adapter (P/N 3196ADPT001)
The Total Access 600R base unit.
Customers must supply the Ethernet cable.
4.
GROUNDING INSTRUCTIONS
The following provides grounding instruction information from the Underwriters’ Laboratory UL 60950
Standard for Safety of Information Technology Equipment Including Electrical Business Equipment, with
revisions dated March 15, 2002.
AC Power
The attachment-plug receptacles in the vicinity of the product or system are all to be of a grounding type,
and the equipment grounding conductors serving these receptacles are to be connected to earth ground at
the service equipment.
5.
SUPPLYING POWER TO THE UNIT
AC Powered Systems
The AC powered unit comes equipped with a detachable power cord with a 3-prong plug for connecting to
a grounded power receptacle. As shipped, the unit is set to factory default conditions. After installing the
chassis, the unit is ready for power-up. To power-up the unit, ensure that the unit is properly connected to
an appropriate power source.
•
•
•
•
32
This unit shall be installed in accordance with Article 400 and 364.8 of the NEC NFPA
70 when installed outside of a Restricted Access Location (i.e., central office, behind a
locked door, service personnel only area).
Power to the unit’s AC system must be from a grounded 90-125 VAC, 60 Hz source.
The power receptacle uses double-pole, neutral fusing.
Maximum recommended ambient operating temperature is 45 ºC.
© 2002 ADTRAN, Inc
61200600L1-1A
Total Access 600R System Manual
6.
Section 3 Network Turnup Procedure
MOUNTING OPTIONS
The Total Access 600R comes equipped for table top or wallmount use. The unit is shipped with two
wall-mount brackets (P/N 326542@C) and four screws (P/N 3276003003) which the customer must attach
to the base unit for wallmount use.
If wallmounted, the Total Access 600R must be mounted with the LEDs pointing
down or sideways as shown in the mounting instructions (P/N 64200600L1#T-19A).
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Section 3 Network Turnup Procedure
34
Total Access 600R System Manual
© 2002 ADTRAN, Inc
61200600L1-1A
USER INTERFACE GUIDE
The User Interface Guide (UIG) section of the ADTRAN Total Access 600R System Manual is designed
for use by network administrators and others who will configure and provision the system. It contains
information about navigating the VT100 user interface, configuration information, and menu descriptions.
SECTION INDEX
Navigating the Terminal Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Terminal Menu Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Navigating using the Keyboard Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Terminal Menu and System Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Selecting the Appropriate Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Telnet Security Levels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Menu Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
System Info . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Info > System Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Info > System Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Info > System Contact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Info > Unit Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Info > CLEI Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Info > Part Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Info > Serial Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Info > Firmware Revision. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Info > Bootcode Revision. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Info > System Uptime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Info > Date/Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
44
44
44
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
System Config . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Config > Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Config > Syslog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Config > Network Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
46
46
52
57
System Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Utility > Upgrade Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Utility > Config Transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Utility > System Utilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Utility > Ping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Utility > Traceroute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Utility > Reset Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Utility > Terminal Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
59
59
60
61
62
63
63
63
Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Interfaces (T1[0]) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interfaces (T1[0]) > Config . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interfaces (T1[0]) > Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interfaces (T1[0]) > Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
64
64
65
67
Interfaces (ETH[1]) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
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Section 4 User Interface Guide
Total Access 600R System Manual
Interfaces (ETH[1]) > Config. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Interfaces (ETH[1]) > Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
L2 Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
L2 Protocol (T1[0]) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
L2 Protocol (T1[0]) > Protocol. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
L2 Protocol (T1[0] - PPP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
L2 Protocol (T1[0] - PPP) > Config . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
L2 Protocol (T1[0] - PPP) > Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
L2 Protocol (T1[0] - FRE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
L2 Protocol (T1[0] - FRE) > Config . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
L2 Protocol (T1[0] - FRE) > Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
L2 Protocol (T1[0] - Auto) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
L2 Protocol (T1[0] - Auto) > Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
L2 Protocol (ETH[1]) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
L2 Protocol (ETH[1]) > Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
L2 Protocol (ETH[1]) > Config . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
L2 Protocol (ETH[1]) > Status. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
79
79
79
80
Bridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Bridge > Config. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Bridge > Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Router > Config . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Router > Status. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Security > Filters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Security > Radius Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
DS0 Maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DS0 Maps > Active Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DS0 Maps > Apply Template to Map 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DS0 Maps > Edit/View Map 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DS0 Maps > Apply Template to Map 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Appendix A. Configuring the Unit for Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Appendix B. Configuring the Unit for Bridging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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116
116
117
119
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FIGURES
Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
Figure 4.
Figure 5.
Figure 6.
Figure 7.
Figure 8.
Figure 9.
Figure 10.
Figure 11.
Top-Level Terminal Menu Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Alternate Window View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
System Info Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
System Config Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
System Utility Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Interfaces Menus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
L2 Protocol Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Bridge Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Router Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Security Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
DS0 Maps Menu.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
TABLES
Table 1.
Table 2.
Table 3.
Telnet Password Security Levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Instructions for Changing Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Telnet Security Levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
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1.
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NAVIGATING THE TERMINAL MENU
Log in to the unit by connecting one end of the supplied silver cable to the RJ-45 interface labeled CRAFT
(located on the rear of the unit) and the other to a RJ-45 to DB-9 adapter. Connect the DB-9 (female) to a
VT100 terminal or PC with VT100 emulator software. Configure the terminal settings for 9600 data rate,
no parity, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, and no flow control.
After connecting to the unit and beginning a terminal session, a login screen appears. The default condition
for the unit is no password, so the user can just press enter at the Login prompt. (Refer to DLP-002,
Logging in to the System, for detailed instructions.)
Terminal Menu Window
The unit uses a multi-level menu structure that contains both menu items and data fields. All menu items
and data fields display in the terminal menu window (see Figure 1), through which you have complete
control of the unit.
Menu Path
Left Pane
Right Pane
Network
Status
Tool Tip
Extended Help
Navigation Help
System Time
Figure 1. Top-Level Terminal Menu Window
Menu Path
The first line of the terminal menu window (the menu path) shows the session’s current position (path) in
the menu structure. For example, Figure 1 shows the top-level menu with the cursor on the SYSTEM INFO
submenu; therefore, the menu path reads TA 600R/System Info.
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Window Panes
When you first start a terminal menu session, the terminal menu window is divided into left and right
panes. The left pane shows the list of available submenus, while the right pane shows the contents of the
currently selected submenu.
You can view the terminal windows in two ways: with fields and submenus displaying horizontally across
the right pane, or with fields and submenus displaying vertically down the right pane. Viewing submenus
vertically rather than horizontally allows you to see information at a glance rather than scrolling
horizontally across the window. To change the view, move your cursor to an index number and press
<Enter>. Figure 2 shows this alternate view. Fields and submenu names may vary slightly in this view.
Figure 2. Alternate Window View
Window Pane Navigation
Use the following chart to assist you in moving between and within the two window panes.
To do this...
Press this key...
Move from left pane to right pane
Tab, Enter, or Right arrow
Move from right pane to left pane
Tab, Escape, Left arrow, or Backspace
Move within each pane
Up/Down or Left/Right arrows
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Right Window Pane Notation
The right window pane shows the contents of the currently selected menu. These contents can include
both submenu items and data fields. Some submenus contain additional submenus and some data fields
contain additional data fields. The following chart explains the notation used to identify these
additional items.
This notation...
Means that...
[+]
More items are available when selected
<+>
An action is to be taken, such as activating a test
Highlighted menu item
You can enter data in this field
Underlined field
The field contains read-only information
Additional Terminal Menu Window Features
•
•
•
•
Tool Tip - provides a brief description of the currently selected mode
Network Status - displays network status information, Up or Down
Extended Help - displays information about selected commands (CTRL+A)
Navigation Help - lists characters used for navigating the terminal menu and session management
(CTRL+Z)
System Time - displays current time
•
Navigating using the Keyboard Keys
You can use various keystrokes to move through the terminal menu, to manage a terminal menu session,
and to configure the system. Press <CTRL+Z> to activate a pop-up screen listing the navigation
keystrokes.
Moving Through the Menus
To do this...
Press this
key...
Return to the home screen
H
Jump between two menu items
Press <J> while the cursor is located on a menu item, and you jump back to the main
screen.
Go to another menu item, press <J>, and you jump back to the screen that was
displayed the first time you pressed <J>.
Press <J> anytime you want to jump between these items.
J
Select items
Arrows
Edit a selected menu item
Enter
Cancel an edit
Escape
Close pop-up help screen
Escape
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To do this...
Press this
key...
Move between the left and right panes
Tab
Arrows
Move to the top of a screen
A
Move to the bottom of a screen
Z
Ascend one menu level
Backspace
Jump to terminal mode
Ctrl + T
Jump to NAT menu
Ctrl + N
Return to Login prompt (CRAFT port connection only)
Ctrl + L
Return to Login prompt (CRAFT port connection only)
Ctrl + S
Session Management Keystrokes
To do this...
Press this
key...
Log out of a session (Telnet Connection)
CTRL+L
Refresh the screen
CTRL+R
To save time, only the portion of the screen that has changed is refreshed. This option
should only be necessary if the display picks up incorrect characters.
Configuration Keystrokes
To do this...
Press this
key...
F
Restore factory default settings.
This setting restores the factory defaults based on the location of the cursor.
Copy selected items to the clipboard.
C
The amount of information you can copy depends on the cursor location when you
press <C>:
If the cursor is over an editable field, only that item is copied.
If the cursor is over the index number of a list, then all of the items in the row of the list
are copied. For example, if the cursor is over the DS0 field in the EDIT/VIEW MAP
screen, all of the information associated with the DS0 is copied.
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To do this...
Press this
key...
Paste the item stored in the clipboard, if the information is compatible.
P
You must confirm all pastes except those to a single editable field.
Increment the value of certain types of fields by one when you paste information into
those fields.
>
Decrement the value of certain types of fields by one when you paste information into
those fields.
<
Insert a new list item.
For example, add a new item to the TELNET USER LIST connection list by pressing <I>
while the cursor is over the index number.
I
Delete a list item.
For example, delete an item from the TELNET USER LIST connection list by pressing <D>
while the index number is active.
2.
D
TERMINAL MENU AND SYSTEM CONTROL
Selecting the Appropriate Menu
The terminal menu is the access point to all other operations. Each terminal menu item has several
functions and submenus that identify and provide access to specific operations and parameters. Use the
chart below to help select the appropriate terminal menu.
To do this...
Go to this menu...
Review and monitor general system information
SYSTEM INFO
Set up the management, syslog, and network time
SYSTEM CONFIG
Upgrade firmware, do config transfers, ping, traceroute, reset unit, and access
terminal mode
SYSTEM UTILITY
Configure and monitor the T1 and Ethernet interfaces.
INTERFACES
Configure and monitor the L2 Protocol for the T1 and Ethernet interfaces
L2 PROTOCOL
Configure and monitor bridging parameters
BRIDGE
Define, configure, and monitor all router functions
ROUTER
Configure the filter defines and Radius server
SECURITY
Configure and apply DS0 maps
DS0 MAPS
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Telnet Security Levels
To edit terminal menu items via Telnet, you must have a password and the appropriate security level.
Table 1 describes the security levels.
Table 1. Telnet Password Security Levels
Security Level
Description
Full
The user has all access to view and configure all menus (same as logging in to the
CRAFT port)
Support
The user has access to view SYSTEM INFO. The user has privileges to view and
change everything under the SYSTEM CONFIG menu except for the CRAFT port
settings, Telnet access lists, and the SNMP management communities. The user
has full access to the SYSTEM UTILITY menu, including the ability to upgrade
firmware and reset the unit. The user has full access to the INTERFACES, L2
PROTOCOL, BRIDGE, ROUTER, and DS0 menus. The user does not have the ability
to set RADIUS SERVER settings under the SECURITY menu.
Config
The same privileges as support, except that the user does not have privileges to
download firmware or configuration from the SYSTEM UTILITY menu. The user
additionally does not have the privilege to reset the unit remotely or enter the
terminal menu.
Router
The user has view only privileges of SYSTEM INFO. There is no access to the
SYSTEM CONFIG menu. The user has PING and TRACEROUTE access from the
SYSTEM UTILITY menu. The user is limited to Ethernet configuration and status
from the INTERFACES menu. The user has full access to the BRIDGE and ROUTER
menus. Access is limited to filters only from the SECURITY menu.
Status
The user has read access of all menus except for the following: SYSTEM
CONFIG/CRAFT PORT, SYSTEM CONFIG/TELNET ACCESS, SYSTEM CONFIG/SNMP
MANAGEMENT, and SECURITY/ RADIUS SERVER. The user does not have access to
UPGRADE FIRMWARE, UPGRADE CONFIG, PING, or TRACEROUTE menus. The user
cannot reset the unit or enter terminal mode.
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MENU DESCRIPTIONS
SYSTEM INFO
The SYSTEM INFO menu provides basic information about the unit as well as data fields for editing
information. Figure 3 displays the submenus that are available when you select this menu item.
All figures in this section will be representative of A.04.01 firmware or later.
0
Figure 3. System Info Menu
SYSTEM INFO > SYSTEM NAME
Provides a user-configurable text string for the name of the unit. This name can help you distinguish
between different installations. You can enter up to 31 alpha-numeric characters in this field, including
spaces and special characters (such as an underscore). This name will appear on the top line of all screens.
The factory default is to have no entry in the system name field.
SYSTEM INFO > SYSTEM LOCATION
Provides a user-configurable text string for the location of the unit. This field is to help you keep track of
the actual physical location of the unit. You can enter up to 31 alphanumeric characters in this field,
including spaces and special characters (such as an underscore). The factory default is to have no entry in
the system location field.
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SYSTEM INFO > SYSTEM CONTACT
Provides a user-configurable text string for a contact name. You can use this field to enter the name, phone
number, or E-mail address of a person responsible for the unit. You can enter up to 31 alpha-numeric
characters in this field, including spaces and special characters (such as an underscore). The factory default
is to have no entry in the system contact field.
SYSTEM INFO > UNIT NAME
Product-specific name for the unit.
SYSTEM INFO > CLEI CODE
The CLEI code for the unit.
SYSTEM INFO > PART NUMBER
ADTRAN part number for the unit.
SYSTEM INFO > SERIAL NUMBER
The serial number field will reflect serial number located on bottom of the unit’s chassis.
SYSTEM INFO > FIRMWARE REVISION
Displays the current firmware revision level of the unit.
SYSTEM INFO > BOOTCODE REVISION
Displays the bootcode revision.
SYSTEM INFO > SYSTEM UPTIME
Displays the length of time since the last reboot of the unit.
Each time you reset the system, this value resets to 0 days, 0 hours, 0 min. and 0 secs.
SYSTEM INFO > DATE/TIME
Displays the current date and time, including seconds. This field can be edited. Enter the time in 24-hour
format (such as 23:00:00 for 11:00 pm). Enter the date in mm-dd-yyyy format (for example, 10-30-1998).
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SYSTEM CONFIG
Set up the unit’s operational configuration from the SYSTEM CONFIG menu. Figure 4 shows the items
included in this menu.
Figure 4. System Config Menu
SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT
Set up the CRAFT PORT, TELNET ACCESS, SNMP MANAGEMENT, and FDL MANAGEMENT from this menu.
SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > CRAFT PORT
Set up the CRAFT PORT parameters from this menu.
SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > CRAFT PORT > PASSWORD PROTECT
The unit’s VT100 CRAFT port can be accessed via an RJ-48 connector located on the rear of the unit.
When PASSWORD PROTECT is set to NO, the CRAFT port is not password protected. When YES (def), the
unit will prompt for a password upon startup.
SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > CRAFT PORT > PASSWORD
This is the text string that is used for comparison when password protecting the CRAFT port. By default,
no password is entered. You can enter up to 30 characters in this field. Table 2 provides instructions for
changing the password.
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The security level for the CRAFT port is always set to FULL. This gives full access to all
menus.
Passwords are case-sensitive and can contain up to 30 alphanumeric characters
(including spaces and special characters).
Table 2. Instructions for Changing Passwords
Step
Action
1
Select the PASSWORD field—a new PASSWORD field displays.
2
Type the new password in the ENTER field.
3
Type the new password again in the CONFIRM field.
SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > CRAFT PORT > BAUD RATE
This is the asynchronous rate that the CRAFT port will run. The possible values are 300, 1200, 2400, 4800,
9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, and 115200. The default value is 9600.
SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > CRAFT PORT > DATA BITS
This is the asynchronous bit rate that the CRAFT port will run. The possible values are 7 or 8 (def) bits.
SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > CRAFT PORT > PARITY
This is the asynchronous parity that the CRAFT port will run. The possible values are NONE (def), ODD, or
EVEN.
SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > CRAFT PORT > STOP BITS
This is the number of stop bits used for the CRAFT port. The possible values are 1 (def), 1.5, or 2.
SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > TELNET ACCESS
Activate the Telnet access and set up the various Telnet parameters from this menu.
Firmware A.03.XX or previous supports one Telnet session active at a time. Firmware
A.04.XX supports five simultaneous Telnet sessions.
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SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > TELNET ACCESS > ACCESS
Sets ACCESS to ON or OFF. The factory default value for this parameter is ON.
SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > TELNET ACCESS > AUTHEN METHOD
Set up the Telnet authentication method from this menu. The choices are PASSWORD, RADIUS,
PASSWORD/RADIUS, and RADIUS/PASSWORD. PASSWORD/RADIUS indicates that the unit will try Password
Authentication first, and if that fails it will try Radius Authentication. RADIUS/PASSWORD indicates that the
unit will try Radius authentication first, and if that fails it will try Password authentication. The default is
PASSWORD.
SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > TELNET ACCESS > USER LIST
Add Telnet users and control the Telnet access conditions through this menu.
#
Display the index number of the Telnet users. Up to four users can be configured for access to the
unit. Each user can be assigned a security level and idle time.
NAME
The name is a text string of the user name for this session. You can enter up to 15 characters in this
field. The factory default is no entry in the NAME field.
PASSWORD
When the authenticating method is password, or password radius, this text string is used for the
password. You can enter up to 30 characters in this field. The factory default is no entry in this field.
IDLE TIME (MINS)
This sets the amount of time in minutes you can be idle before you are automatically logged off. The
factory default is 10 MINUTES. The range is 1-255 minutes.
LEVEL
This is the security level granted to the user. Table 3 gives a brief description of each level. The
factory default is FULL.
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Table 3. Telnet Security Levels
Security
Level
Description
Full
The user has all access to view and configure all menus (same as logging in to
the CRAFT port)
Support
The user has read-only access to view the SYSTEM INFO menu. The user has
privileges to view and change everything under the SYSTEM CONFIG menu
except for the CRAFT port settings, Telnet access lists, and SNMP
management communities. The user has full access to the SYSTEM UTILITY
menu, including the ability to upgrade firmware and reset the unit. The user has
full access to the INTERFACES, L2 PROTOCOL, BRIDGE, ROUTER, and DS0 menus.
The user does not have the ability to set RADIUS SERVER settings under the
SECURITY menu.
Config
The same privileges as support, except that the user does not have privileges to
download firmware or configuration from the SYSTEM UTILITY menu. The user
additionally does not have the privilege to reset the unit remotely, or enter the
terminal menu.
Router
The user has read-only privileges for the SYSTEM INFO menu. There is no access
to the SYSTEM CONFIG menu. The user has PING and TRACEROUTE access from
the SYSTEM UTILITY menu. The user is limited to Ethernet configuration and
status from the INTERFACES menu. The user has full access to the BRIDGE and
ROUTER menus. Access is limited to filters only from the SECURITY menu.
Status
The user has read access of all menus except for the following: SYSTEM
CONFIG/CRAFT PORT, SYSTEM CONFIG/TELNET ACCESS, SYSTEM CONFIG/SNMP
MANAGEMENT, and SECURITY/ RADIUS SERVER. The user does not have access
to UPGRADE FIRMWARE, UPGRADE CONFIG, PING, or TRACEROUTE menus. The
user cannot reset the unit or enter terminal mode.
SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > TELNET ACCESS > IP ACCESS LIST
Set up the list of allowed Telnet managers.
NETWORK ADDRESS AND MASK
Enter a network address and subnet mask from which Telnet access to the unit is allowed. When a
remote unit requests Telnet access to the unit, if the access list is empty or the remote’s IP address
matches a list entry, remote access is granted. A subnet mask of 0.0.0.0 will allow any host Telnet
access, regardless of the network address. A network address of 0.0.0.0 with corresponding netmask
255.255.255.255 will not allow any host Telnet access.
The factory default is 0.0.0.0. for both parameters, which will allow all users Telnet IP access.
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SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > SNMP MANAGEMENT
Activate the SNMP management and configure the SNMP communities and traps from this menu.
SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > SNMP MANAGEMENT > ACCESS
When set to OFF, SNMP access is denied. When set to ON, the unit will respond to SNMP managers based
on the configuration. The factory default is ON.
SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > SNMP MANAGEMENT > COMMUNITIES
Set up the SNMP communities parameters from this menu.
#
Displays the index number of the SNMP Communities.
This list is used to set up to eight SNMP communities that the unit will allow.
NAME
This is the text string used to identify the SNMP community. The factory default is no entry in the
name parameter.
PRIVILEGE
The access for this manager can be assigned three levels. The factory default is GET.
NONE
No access is allowed for this community or manager.
GET
Manager can only read items.
GET/SET
Manager can read and set items.
MANAGER IP
This may be used in conjunction with the Netmask field to define a range of manager IPs. A netmask
of 255.255.255.255 defines a single IP as the manager host IP. The default value is 0.0.0.0.
NETMASK
The mask is used to determine which bits of the MANAGER IP are significant. A "0" bit means "don't
care." A "1" bit means that the corresponding address bits in the incoming SNMP packet must match
the address bit in the defined MANAGER IP. The netmask of 255.255.255.255 defines a single IP as
the manager host IP. The default value is 0.0.0.0.
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SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > SNMP MANAGEMENT > TRAPS
Sets up the trap manager name and IP from this menu.
#
Displays the index number in the SNMP traps table.
This list allows up to 20 managers to be listed to receive traps.
MANAGER NAME is the text string describing the name of the entry. It is intended for easy reference
and has no bearing on the SNMP trap function. You can enter up to 31 characters in this field. The
factory default is no entry in the manager name field.
MANAGER IP
This is the IP address of the manager that is to receive the traps. The factory default is 0.0.0.0.
SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > FDL MANAGEMENT
Enables the FDL management and configures mode and IP addresses from this menu.
SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > FDL MANAGEMENT > MODE
This enables the FDL (only in ESF mode) to be used for management. Learning mode can also be enabled
so the unit can "learn" its IP configuration to be used for its FDL management. Once it learns this
information from, for example a Total Access 4303, the configuration items populate. The factory default
is ON.
SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > FDL MANAGEMENT > LINK IP ADDRESS
This is the local IP address used for FDL management. The FDL uses a separate IP network for
communication, distinct from the customer data that is configured under the ROUTER menus. The factory
default is 0.0.0.0.
SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > FDL MANAGEMENT > IP NETMASK
This is the subnet mask defining the IP network used for FDL management. The factory default is 0.0.0.0.
SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > FDL MANAGEMENT > FAR-END IP ADDRESS
This is the far-end IP address used for the FDL management. The FDL is a separate IP network from the
customer data that is configured under the ROUTER menus. The factory default is 0.0.0.0.
SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > FDL MANAGEMENT > LEARN ADDRESS
When set to ON, the destination address on each received packet is assumed to be the FDL interface
address. A 255.255.255.252 netmask is used, which determines the far-side address as well (since there can
be only two addresses on a subnet with that netmask). When set to OFF, the user must input the IP address
assigned to the FDL interface. Default is ON.
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SYSTEM CONFIG > MANAGEMENT > FDL MANAGEMENT > ACCEPT ALL SNMP
When set to ON, SNMP gets/sets received over the FDL link are always accepted regardless of the
community table. When set to OFF, the community table is searched for valid manager IP addresses and the
SNMP traffic is rejected if a match is not found. Default is ON.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG
Configure the unit Syslog client for use with a Syslog server (supplied with ADTRAN Utilities or available
on most Unix platforms) from this menu.
For additional information, reference RFC3164: The BSD Syslog Protocol.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > SYSLOG IP
IP address of the syslog daemon to which log message should be sent. The values must be dotted decimal
notation.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > SYSLOG FORMAT
The SYSLOG FORMAT is the format of log messages. "ADTRAN" uses a format that is compatible with Adtran
Utilities and forces the Syslog Facility to LOCAL0. UNIX uses the traditional Unix format and reports at the
configured facility level.
Adtran Utilities may malfunction if messages are received in the Unix format.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > SYSLOG FACILITY
The choices are: LOCAL0, LOCAL1, LOCAL2, LOCAL3, LOCAL4, LOCAL5, LOCAL6, LOCAL7. SYSLOG FACILITY
is the facility level for all messages forwarded from the unit to the syslog server. This allows all messages
received from the IAD to be filtered by facility level. See RFC3164: The BSD Syslog Protocol.
This does not have to correspond to the facility level shown in the terminal mode option.
See SYSLOG using Terminal Mode on page 53.
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The remaining Syslog parameters have the following level choices:
FATAL (Highest priority)
ALERT
CRITICAL
ERROR
WARNING
NOTICE
INFO
DEBUG (Lowest priority)
Every log message generated by the IAD has a reporting level priority. If the message priority is lower than
the configured priority for the destination log, the message is not forwarded to the syslog daemon. See
RFC3164: The BSD Syslog Protocol. The lower the log level, the more messages that will be generated.
Setting reporting levels to DEBUG may negatively affect the performance of the IAD, including causing
the IAD to reset.
ADTRAN recommends using DEBUG for only short periods of time for debug purposes
only.
SYSLOG using Terminal Mode
Another option for configuring syslog is using the terminal mode command log dump <logname>. The
logname must be all CAPS and be one of the following names:
FATAL
ALERT
CRITICAL
ERROR
WARNING
NOTICE
INFO
DEBUG
The command will dump all messages for the indicated log (ALL LEVEL shows all log messages) stored in
the internal log buffer to the command line display.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > ALL LEVEL
This entry allows setting the default reporting level for all log entries. If ALL LEVEL is a lower priority than
the individual log entry level, ALL LEVEL overrides the individual log reporting level.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > KERNEL LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending KERNEL log messages.
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SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > DHCP LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending DHCP log messages.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > NTP LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending NTP log messages.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > TFTP LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending TFTP log messages.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > TELNET LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending TELNET log messages.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > IP LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending IP log messages.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > PPP LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending PPP log messages.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > NAT LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending NAT log messages.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > ARP LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending ARP log messages.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > UDP LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending UDP log messages.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > NETWRITE LEVEL
This parameter is for ADTRAN internal use only.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > TCP LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending TCP log messages.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > COMPSYS LEVEL
This parameter is for ADTRAN internal use only.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > CONSOLE LEVEL
This parameter is for ADTRAN internal use only.
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SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > CFGXFER LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending configuration transfer log messages.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > ROUTER LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending router log messages.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > NONVOL LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending nonvolatile memory log messages.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > NOKIA LEVEL
(This parameter is not applicable for the Total Access 600R.)
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > AUTOBAUD LEVEL
(This parameter is not applicable for the Total Access 600R.)
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > TOLLBRG LEVEL
(This parameter is not applicable for the Total Access 600R.)
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > CMCP LEVEL
(This parameter is not applicable for the Total Access 600R.)
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > SDSL LEVEL
This parameter is for ADTRAN internal use only.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > L1 LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending log messages about WAN physical or Layer 1 connection.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > ETH LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending log messages about Ethernet physical connection.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > ICMP LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending ICMP log messages.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > CONFIG LEVEL
This parameter is for ADTRAN internal use only.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG >DS0 LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending log messages about DS0 mapping.
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SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > SELFTEST LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending log messages about selftest.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > VOICE LEVEL
(This parameter is not applicable for the Total Access 600R.)
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > JETSTREAM LEVEL
(This parameter is not applicable for the Total Access 600R.)
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > POTS LEVEL
(This parameter is not applicable for the Total Access 600R.)
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > LESCAS LEVEL
(This parameter is not applicable for the Total Access 600R.)
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > ATM LEVEL
(This parameter is not applicable for the Total Access 600R.)
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > COPPERCOM LEVEL
(This parameter is not applicable for the Total Access 600R.)
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > VOFR LEVEL
(This parameter is not applicable for the Total Access 600R.)
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > XMODEM LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending XMODEM log messages for firmware and configuration transfers.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > EMWEB LEVEL
This parameter is for ADTRAN internal use only.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > FRELAY LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending frame relay log messages.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > BRIDGE LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending bridge mode log messages.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > MAINT LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending CRAFT port log messages.
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SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > HDLC LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending low level HDLC log messages.
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > VOATM LEVEL
(This parameter is not applicable for the Total Access 600R.)
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > PPPOA LEVEL
(This parameter is not applicable for the Total Access 600R.)
SYSTEM CONFIG > SYSLOG > FDL LEVEL
Minimum required level for sending FDL log messages.
SYSTEM CONFIG > NETWORK TIME
Activate the network time and configure the server type, time zone, and various other network time
parameters from this menu.
SYSTEM CONFIG > NETWORK TIME > SERVER TYPE
The unit time can be entered manually from the SYSTEM INFO menu, or the unit can receive time from an
NTP/SNTP server. The NETWORK TIME menu includes all parameters relating to how the unit
communicates with the time server.
The server type defines the port on which the unit will listen to receive timing information from the time server.
The choices are NT TIME and SNTP. When set to NT TIME, the unit will receive time from an NT server running
SNTP software on its TIME port. When set to SNTP, the unit will receive time directly from an SNTP server.
The factory default is SNTP.
SYSTEM CONFIG > NETWORK TIME > ACTIVE
This network timing feature can be turned on and off. It determines whether the unit will request and
receive time from a time server. The factory default is NO.
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SYSTEM CONFIG > NETWORK TIME > TIME ZONE
All time zones are based off of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). The choices are listed below
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
GMT
GMT -5 (EASTERN)
GMT -6 (CENTRAL)
GMT -7 (MOUNTAIN)
GMT -8 (PACIFIC)
GMT -9 (ALASKA)
GMT -10 (HAWAII)
The factory default is GMT-6 (CENTRAL).
SYSTEM CONFIG > NETWORK TIME > ADJUST FOR DAYLIGHT SAVING
Since some areas of the world use Daylight Savings Time, the unit is designed to adjust the time on the
first Sunday in April and the last Sunday in October accordingly if this option is turned on. The factory
default is YES.
SYSTEM CONFIG > NETWORK TIME > HOST ADDRESS
This is the IP address of the time server that the unit will request and receive time from. The factory default
is no entry in the host address field.
SYSTEM CONFIG > NETWORK TIME > REFRESH
This is the interval of time between each request the unit sends out to the time server. A smaller refresh
time guarantees that the unit receives the correct time from the server and corrects possible errors more
quickly. This may be more taxing on the machine. A range of refresh times is available for the user to
decide which is best for their unit. Choices include 5 MINS, 10 MINS, 15 MINS, 20 MINS, 25 MINS, 30 MINS, 35
MINS, 40 MINS, 45 MINS, 50 MINS, 55 MINS, and 60 MINS. The factory default is 60 MINS.
SYSTEM CONFIG > NETWORK TIME > STATUS
This displays the current status of the time negotiation process. If an error is displayed, check all
connections and configurations to try to resolve the problem.
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SYSTEM UTILITY
Use the SYSTEM UTILITY menu to view and set the system parameters shown in Figure 5.
Figure 5. System Utility Menu
SYSTEM UTILITY > UPGRADE FIRMWARE
Select the firmware upgrade method and perform upgrade from this menu.
SYSTEM UTILITY > UPGRADE FIRMWARE > TRANSFER METHOD
The customer can update firmware when unit enhancements are released.
The two methods for upgrading are XMODEM and TFTP. (See the DLP section of this manual for more
information.) TFTP requires a TFTP server running on the network. The unit starts a TFTP client function
which gets the upgrade code from the TFTP server. Selecting XMODEM will load the upgrade code
through the CRAFT port using any PC terminal emulator with XMODEM capability. The factory default is
TFTP.
SYSTEM UTILITY > UPGRADE FIRMWARE > TFTP SERVER ADDRESS
This is required when the transfer method is TFTP. It is the IP address or domain name (if DNS is
configured) of the TFTP server. The factory default is no entry in the TFTP SERVER ADDRESS field.
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SYSTEM UTILITY > UPGRADE FIRMWARE > TFTP SERVER FILENAME
This is required when the transfer method is TFTP. It is the case-sensitive file name which contains the
upgrade code. The factory default is no entry in the TFTP SERVER FILENAME field.
SYSTEM UTILITY > UPGRADE FIRMWARE > TRANSFER STATUS
This appears when TFTP is used. It displays the status of the transfer as it happens. Any error or success
message will be displayed here.
SYSTEM UTILITY > UPGRADE FIRMWARE > START TRANSFER
This activator is used when the configurable items in this menu are complete. This will initiate the transfer
for either TFTP or XMODEM upgrades.
Before using START TRANSFER, the unit should have a valid IP address, subnet mask, and
default gateway (if required). See DLP-004, Setting Ethernet IP Parameters for more
information.
SYSTEM UTILITY > UPGRADE FIRMWARE > ABORT TRANSFER
Use this activator to cancel any TFTP transfer in progress.
SYSTEM UTILITY > CONFIG TRANSFER
Select the config transfer method and perform the transfer from this menu.
SYSTEM UTILITY > CONFIG TRANSFER > TRANSFER METHOD
Sends a file containing the unit configuration to a PC connected to the CRAFT port using XMODEM
Protocol or to a file on a TFTP server using the TFTP protocol.
CONFIG TRANSFER also lets you save the unit configuration as a backup file, so you can use the same
configuration with multiple units. In addition, CONFIG TRANSFER can retrieve a configuration file from a
TFTP server.
To support these transfers, ADTRAN delivers a TFTP program with the unit called TFTP Server. You can
configure any PC running Microsoft Windows with this software, and store a configuration file.
Before using START TRANSFER, the unit should have a valid IP address, subnet mask, and
default gateway (if required). See DLP-004, Setting Ethernet IP Parameters, for more
information.
Only one configuration transfer session (upload or download) can be active at a time. XMODEM and TFTP
are supported.
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SYSTEM UTILITY > CONFIG TRANSFER > TFTP SERVER IP ADDRESS
Specifies the IP address of the TFTP server. Get this number from your system administrator. If using the
ADTRAN Utilities TFTP server, this number appears in the TFTP server status window. The factory
default value is 0.0.0.0.
SYSTEM UTILITY > CONFIG TRANSFER > TFTP SERVER FILENAME
Defines the name of the configuration file that you transfer to or retrieve from the TFTP server. The default
name is ta_iad.cfg, but you can edit this name.
SYSTEM UTILITY > CONFIG TRANSFER > CURRENT TRANSFER STATUS
Indicates the current status of the update.
SYSTEM UTILITY > CONFIG TRANSFER > PREVIOUS TRANSFER STATUS
Indicates the status of the previous update.
SYSTEM UTILITY > CONFIG TRANSFER > LOAD AND USE CONFIG
Retrieves the configuration file specified in the TFTP SERVER FILENAME field from the server. To start this
command, enter Y to begin or enter N to cancel.
If you execute this command, the unit retrieves the configuration file, the WAN link is reset,
and the unit starts using the new configuration.
SYSTEM UTILITY > CONFIG TRANSFER > SAVE CONFIG REMOTELY
Saves the configuration file specified in TFTP SERVER FILENAME to the server identified in TFTP SERVER
IP ADDRESS. To start this command, enter Y to begin or enter N to cancel.
Before using this command, you must have identified a valid TFTP server in TFTP SERVER
IP ADDRESS.
SYSTEM UTILITY > SYSTEM UTILIZATION
View the CPU utilization stats from this menu.
SYSTEM UTILITY > SYSTEM UTILIZATION > PERFORMANCE
Clear the system utilization stats and view the total and current CPU utilization stats from this menu.
SYSTEM UTILITY > SYSTEM UTILIZATION > PERFORMANCE > TOTAL AVG CPU UTILIZATION
TOTAL AVG CPU UTILIZATION is a running total of CPU utilization since the last reset.
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SYSTEM UTILITY > SYSTEM UTILIZATION > PERFORMANCE > CURRENT AVG CPU UTILIZATION
CURRENT AVG CPU UTILIZATION is the running total of CPU utilization since the last clear.
SYSTEM UTILITY > SYSTEM UTILIZATION > PERFORMANCE > CLEAR STATS
This activator will clear all the system utilization performance stats.
SYSTEM UTILITY > PING
Activate the ping test and define the ping packet characteristics from this menu.
SYSTEM UTILITY > PING > START/STOP
Activator to start and cancel a ping test.
Only one ping session can be active at a time.
SYSTEM UTILITY > PING > HOST ADDRESS
IP address or domain name (if DNS is configured) of device to receive the ping. The factory default is no
entry in the host address field.
SYSTEM UTILITY > PING > SOURCE ADDRESS
Selects whether the ping packet should use the INTERFACE address or the NAPT (if that interface uses NAT)
as the source address of the ping packet. This is the address that is used for ICMP requests. INTERFACE
means it will use the IP address associated with the WAN for outgoing packets and the Ethernet IP address
for ICMP requests made on the LAN. NAPT ADDRESS will replace the WAN IP address with the NAPT
address for outgoing ICMP requests. Default is INTERFACE.
SYSTEM UTILITY > PING > SIZE (40-1500)
Total size of the ping to send. Range is 40 to 1500 bytes. The default is 64.
SYSTEM UTILITY > PING > # OF PACKETS
Total packets to send every 2 seconds. Setting this to 0 allows the client to ping continuously. The default is
5.
SYSTEM UTILITY > PING > # TRANSMITS
Total packets sent (read-only).
SYSTEM UTILITY > PING > # RECEIVES
Total packets received (read-only).
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SYSTEM UTILITY > PING > % LOSS
Percentage loss based on ping returned from host (read-only).
SYSTEM UTILITY > TRACEROUTE
Utility program used to trace a data path to a final destination.
SYSTEM UTILITY > TRACEROUTE > TRACE TARGET
Specifies the IP address of the remote system to trace the routes to.
SYSTEM UTILITY > TRACEROUTE > MAXIMUM HOPS
Specifies the maximum number of router exchanges allowed when traveling to the final destination
(specified using the TRACE TARGET field). Range is 1 to 30. Default is 30.
SYSTEM UTILITY > TRACEROUTE > TIMEOUT (IN SECS)
Specifies the maximum delay (in seconds) given to a host (along a path to the final destination) to respond
to the probe datagram sent before considering the packet a failure.
SYSTEM UTILITY > TRACEROUTE > RETRIES
Specifies the number of times the probe datagram is sent to each host (along the path to the final
destination).
SYSTEM UTILITY > TRACEROUTE > BEGIN TRACEROUTE
Activator to begin the traceroute process by sending a probe datagram with a Time To Live (TTL) value of
1.
SYSTEM UTILITY > RESET UNIT
Selecting this activator will power reset the unit.
SYSTEM UTILITY > TERMINAL MODE
The terminal mode gives the user a command-line prompt. From this prompt, you can:
•
•
•
•
•
Perform a reset with the command "reset"
Perform a factory restore with the command "factory_reset"
Configure the unit. The unit has the ability to download a text file which contains the configuration of
the entire unit. This configuration may then be altered in a text editor, and then uploaded to a unit. (See
DLP-013, Saving and Loading Text Configuration Using the Terminal Command Line, for further
assistance.)
Debug and troubleshoot. This function would be carried out with the assistance of ADTRAN Technical
Support.
Start and stop the fail-safe timer for the auto-config feature, (See DLP-014, Unit Installation Using The
Auto-Config Feature for details.)
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INTERFACES
Use the INTERFACES menu to view and configure parameters for the T1 and Ethernet interfaces as shown in
Figure 6.
Figure 6. Interfaces Menus
INTERFACES (T1[0])
View the T1 interface status and configure T1 parameters from this menu.
The 0 in T1[0] represents a physical port. The T1 physical port is always 0.
INTERFACES (T1[0]) > CONFIG
Configure the various T1 parameters and enable/disable loopbacks from this menu.
INTERFACES (T1[0]) > CONFIG > TIMING MODE
Choices are NETWORK and INTERNAL. Select NETWORK when the unit will receive timing from the network.
Select INTERNAL when the unit will generate the timing. Default is NETWORK.
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INTERFACES (T1[0]) > CONFIG > FORMAT
This sets the frame format for the T1 interface. The setting must match the frame format of the circuit to
which the interface is connected. Choices are ESF, SF, SLC96 ALARM-16, and SLC96 ALARM-13. Extended
Superframe (ESF) provides a non-disruptive means of full-time monitoring on the facility datalink (FDL).
Default is ESF.
SF is equivalent to the D4 frame format.
INTERFACES (T1[0]) > CONFIG > LINE CODE
This sets the line code for the T1 interface. The setting must match the line code of the circuit to which the
interface is connected. Choices are B8ZS (bipolar with 8-zero substitution) and AMI (alternate mark
inversion). Default is B8ZS.
INTERFACES (T1[0]) > CONFIG > EQUALIZATION
Select the line build out for the T1 interface. These are attenuation settings. 0 dB is the strongest signal and
the other settings make the T1 transmit signal weaker. The setting of this field depends on whether the
circuit is provisioned for DS1 by the telephone company. The choices are 0 dB, -7.5 dB, -15 dB, -22 dB.
Default is 0 dB.
INTERFACES (T1[0]) > CONFIG > CSU LPBK
Choices are ENABLE, DISABLE, and DISABLE ALL. Default is ENABLE. This allows the unit to either respond
or not respond to CSU loop up commands.
INTERFACES (T1[0]) > STATUS
Displays the T1 status including performance data and alarm histories.
INTERFACES (T1[0]) > STATUS > PERFORMANCE
Displays the T1 performance data.
INTERFACES (T1[0]) > STATUS > PERFORMANCE > TIME FRAME
Choices are CURRENT, 15 MIN, and 24 HR. Default is CURRENT. The performance fields -- either CURRENT,
15 MIN, or 24 HR. -- provide status on key performance measures as specified in ANSI T1.403 and AT&T
TR 54016 for each of the T1 ports. When CURRENT is chosen, the performance data for the current 15
minute window is shown.
INTERFACES (T1[0]) > STATUS > PERFORMANCE > CLEAR
Clears information for the selected port. Press <Enter> when the cursor is over this field to clear the data.
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INTERFACES (T1[0]) > STATUS > PERFORMANCE > ES
ES (Errored Second) - For ESF mode, an errored second is defined as a second with one or more Path
Code Violations (PCVs), or one or more Out of Frame (OOF) defects, or one or more Controlled Slip
events, or a detected AIS (blue alarm) defect. For D4 (SF) mode, the presence of Bipolar Violations
(BPVs) also triggers an errored second.
INTERFACES (T1[0]) > STATUS > PERFORMANCE > SES
SES (Severely Errored Second) - For ESF mode, an SES is a second with 320 or more PCVs, or one or
more OOF defects, or a detected AIS defect. For D4 (SF) mode, an SES is a second with one or more
Framing Error events, or an OOF defect, or at least 1544 Line Code Violations or more.
INTERFACES (T1[0]) > STATUS > PERFORMANCE > SEF
SEF (Severely Errored Frame) - An SEF condition occurs when 2 out of 6 consecutive frame bits are in
error.
INTERFACES (T1[0]) > STATUS > PERFORMANCE > FS
FS (Frame Slip) - A frame slip is defined as one or more frame bit errors in a one-second interval.
INTERFACES (T1[0]) > STATUS > PERFORMANCE > LCV
LCV (Line Code Violation) - A Line Code Violation is defined as a Bipolar Violation (BPV), not including
the B8ZS code word if B8ZS is employed. The number displayed is LCV events, which is defined as one
or more BPVs in a one-second interval.
INTERFACES (T1[0]) > STATUS > PERFORMANCE > SLP
SLP (Slip Error Event) - This occurs when a received frame is either repeated or deleted. A SLP error
indicates a timing problem.
INTERFACES (T1[0]) > STATUS > PERFORMANCE > UAS
UAS (Unavailable Seconds) - When 10 consecutive SESS have been logged, the unit is declared in an
unavailable state, the 10 SESS are cleared, and the Unavailable Seconds count begins to increment starting
with 10. The unavailable state is cleared when 10 consecutive non-SESs have occurred.
INTERFACES (T1[0]) > STATUS > ALARMS
Displays current alarms and alarm history for T1 interface.
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INTERFACES (T1[0]) > STATUS > ALARMS > CURRENT ALARMS
Displays the current alarms on the T1 interface. An asterisk in a field indicates that an alarm is active.
LOS
Loss of Signal. No signal detected on port interface.
RED
Not able to frame data received on the port.
Alternately referred to as Out of Frame (OOF).
YELLOW
Remote alarm indicator (RAI) being received on port.
BLUE
Receiving unframed all ones from the port alarm
indicator signal (AIS).
INTERFACES (T1[0]) > STATUS > ALARMS > ALARM HISTORY
Displays the alarm history for the T1 interface. An asterisk in a field indicates that an alarm has occurred
on the T1 interface since the last clear history.
LOS
Loss of Signal. No signal detected on port interface.
RED
Not able to frame data received on the port.
Alternately referred to as Out of Frame (OOF).
YELLOW
Remote alarm indicator (RAI) being received on port.
BLUE
Receiving unframed all ones from the port alarm
indicator signal (AIS).
INTERFACES (T1[0]) > STATUS > ALARMS > CLEAR HISTORY
Selecting this activator will clear the Alarm History for the T1 interface.
INTERFACES (T1[0]) > TEST
These options are used to initiate local and remote loopback tests and display the test status.
INTERFACES (T1[0]) > TEST > LOC LB
Loopback of the local unit. Choices are NONE, LINE, and PAYLOAD. LINE Loopback loops all of the received
data back toward the network. The transmitted data is the identical line code that was received, including
any bipolar violations. PAYLOAD Loopback is similar to line loopback except that the framing is extracted
from the received data and then regenerated for the transmitted data. NONE disables the loopback test.
Default is NONE.
INTERFACES (T1[0]) > TEST > REM LB
Loopback of remote unit. Choices are NONE, LINE, and PAYLOAD. LINE Loopback loops all of the received
data back toward the network. The transmitted data is the identical line code that was received, including
any bipolar violations. PAYLOAD Loopback is similar to line loopback except that the framing is extracted
from the received data and then regenerated for the transmitted data. NONE disables the loopback test.
Default is NONE.
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INTERFACES (T1[0]) > TEST > TEST STATUS
Indicates whether a test is in progress.
INTERFACES (ETH[1])
View the Ethernet interface status and configure the Ethernet parameters from this menu.
The 1 in ETH[1] represents a physical port. The Ethernet physical port is always 1.
INTERFACES (ETH[1]) > CONFIG
Enable the AUTONEGOTIATION and configure the Ethernet rate from this menu.
INTERFACES (ETH[1]) > CONFIG > AUTONEGOTIATION
If set to ON, AUTONEGOTIATION automatically detects 10 or 100 Mb Ethernet and negotiates the duplex
setting. ON is the default setting.
INTERFACES (ETH[1]) > CONFIG > DATA RATE
(This option is only available if AUTONEGOTIATION is set to OFF.) DATA RATE sets the speed of the Ethernet
interface. Choices are 10BASET and 100BASET. The default value is 10BASET.
INTERFACES (ETH[1]) > CONFIG > DUPLEX TYPE
(This option is only available if AUTONEGOTIATION is set to OFF.) DUPLEX TYPE configures the Ethernet
interface for FULL DUPLEX or HALF DUPLEX. FULL DUPLEX allows the Ethernet interface to send and receive
simultaneously. HALF DUPLEX allows the Ethernet interface to either send or receive at any given moment,
but not simultaneously. The default is HALF DUPLEX.
If the DATA RATE is set to 10BASET or 100BASET, the DUPLEX TYPE must be configured as
FULL DUPLEX or HALF DUPLEX.
INTERFACES (ETH[1]) > STATUS
Displays the MAC ADDRESS, DATA LINK, DATA RATE, and DUPLEX TYPE.
INTERFACES (ETH[1]) > STATUS > MAC ADDRESS
This is a read-only field which displays the unique MAC address programmed at ADTRAN.
INTERFACES (ETH[1]) > STATUS > DATA LINK
Displays the status of the data link as up or down. This is a read-only field.
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INTERFACES (ETH[1]) > STATUS > DATA RATE
Displays the data rate present on the Ethernet interface. The possibilities are 10BASET, 100BASET, and
N/A. N/A indicates the AUTONEGOTIATION is set to ON and there is no Ethernet connection. This is a
read-only field.
INTERFACES (ETH[1]) > STATUS > DUPLEX TYPE
Displays the duplex type present on the Ethernet interface. The possibilities are FULL DUPLEX and HALF
DUPLEX. This is a read-only field.
L2 PROTOCOL
Use the L2 Protocol menu to select the L2 Protocol, configure the protocol specific parameters, and view
the status as shown in Figure 7.
Figure 7. L2 Protocol Menu
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0])
Configure the L2 Protocol and view the status parameters from this menu.
The 0 in T1[0] represents a physical port. The T1 physical port is always 0.
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L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0]) > PROTOCOL
Configure the L2 Protocol mode. Choices are PPP, FRE, and AUTO. The default is AUTO. Selecting AUTO
enables the Auto-config feature. Reference DLP-014, Unit Installation Using The Auto-Config Feature,
for more information.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0]) > PROTOCOL > PPP
Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) is an 8-bit serial protocol which allows a PC to connect as a TCP/IP host to a
network through an asynchronous port. PPP is used for connection from a PC to an Internet Service
Provider (ISP) for Internet access. PPP works over synchronous and asynchronous circuits.
Router-to-router and host-to-network connections can be made via PPP. PPP includes error detection while
Serial Line Internet Protocol (SLIP) and other protocols do not.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0]) > PROTOCOL > FRE
Frame Relay is a switched data link layer protocol that handles multiple virtual circuits using High-Level
Data Link Control (HDLC) encapsulation. Frame Relay uses statistical multiplexing as opposed to
time-division-multiplexing to multiplex many logical connections over a single physical link. It contains a
cyclic redundancy check (CRC) for detecting bad data, but leaves the error correction algorithms to be
performed by the higher protocol layers. Similarly, Frame Relay uses simple congestion notification. This
notification in turn can alert higher-layer protocols to exercise flow control. These characteristics allow
Frame Relay to provide a more flexible and efficient use of bandwidth.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0]) > PROTOCOL > AUTO
Setting the L2 PROTOCOL to AUTO allows the unit to automatically detect the L2 PROTOCOL from the
network.
The L2 PROTOCOL must be set to AUTO in order to use the Auto-config feature. Reference
DLP-014, Unit Installation Using The Auto-Config Feature, for more information.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP)
Configure the L2 PROTOCOL parameters and view the status of the T1 interface using PPP protocol from
this menu.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > CONFIG
Configure the L2 PROTOCOL parameters for the T1 interface using PPP protocol.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > CONFIG > MODE
Select the L2 PROTOCOL mode. Choices are ROUTE IP, BRIDGE ALL, and ROUTE IP/BRIDGE OTHER. The
Default is ROUTE IP.
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L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > CONFIG > AUTHENTICATION
The AUTHENTICATION menu contains the required parameters for the authentication of the PPP peer and for
being authenticated by the PPP peer. Authentication is applied between the unit and the PPP peer as
described in the AUTHENTICATION submenus.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > CONFIG > AUTHENTICATION > TX METHOD
This parameter specifies how the unit is to be authenticated by the PPP peer. There are four possible
selections. Default is NONE.
NONE
The connection will not allow the PPP peer to authenticate it.
PAP, CHAP, OR EAP
The unit will ask for EAP during the first PPP LCP negotiation and allow
the PPP peer to negotiate down to CHAP or PAP.
CHAP OR EAP
The unit will ask for EAP during the first PPP LCP negotiation and allow
the PPP peer to negotiate down to CHAP but not PAP.
EAP ONLY
The unit will only allow EAP to be negotiated. If the PPP peer is not
capable of doing EAP, then the connection will not succeed.
PAP ONLY
The unit will only allow PAP to be negotiated. If the PPP peer is not
capable of doing PAP, then the connection will not succeed.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > CONFIG > AUTHENTICATION > TX USERNAME
(This option is not available when the TX METHOD is set to NONE.)
This is the username that is used when being authenticated by the PPP peer. You can enter up to 31
characters in this field. Default is no entry in the TX USERNAME field.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > CONFIG > AUTHENTICATION > TX PASSWORD
(This option is not available when the TX METHOD is set to NONE.)
This is the password or secret that is used when being authenticated by the PPP peer. You can enter up to
30 characters in this field. Default is no password.
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L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > CONFIG > AUTHENTICATION > RX METHOD
This parameter specifies how the unit is to be authenticated by the PPP peer. There are four possible
selections. Default is NONE.
NONE
The connection will not allow the PPP peer to authenticate it.
PAP, CHAP, OR EAP
The unit will ask for EAP during the first PPP LCP negotiation and allow
the PPP peer to negotiate down to CHAP or PAP.
CHAP OR EAP
The unit will ask for EAP during the first PPP LCP negotiation and allow
the PPP peer to negotiate down to CHAP but not PAP.
EAP
The unit will only allow EAP to be negotiated. If the PPP peer is not
capable of doing EAP, then the connection will not succeed.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > CONFIG > AUTHENTICATION > RX USERNAME
(This option is not available when the RX METHOD is set to none.)
This is the username used to authenticate the PPP peer. You can enter up to 31 characters in this field.
Default is no entry in the RX USERNAME field.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > CONFIG > AUTHENTICATION > RX PASSWORD
(This option is not available when the RX METHOD is set to none.)
This is the password or secret that is used to authenticate the PPP peer. You can enter up to 30 characters in
this field. Default is no password.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > CONFIG > PPP
Configure the PPP specific parameters such as MAX CONFIG, MAX TIMER, MAX FAILURE, and FORCE PEER IP
ADDRESS from this menu.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > CONFIG > PPP > MAX CONFIG
This value is the number of unanswered configuration-requests that should be transmitted before resetting
PPP negotiations. The possible values are 5, 10, 15, and 20 (default).
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > CONFIG > PPP > MAX TIMER (SEC)
This value is the number of seconds to wait between unanswered configuration-requests. The possible
values are 1 SEC, 2 SECS, 3 SECS (DEFAULT) 5 SECS, and 10 SECS.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > CONFIG > PPP > MAX FAILURE
Due to the nature of PPP, configuration options may not be agreed upon between two PPP peers. This
value is the number of configuration-naks that should occur before an option is configuration-rejected.
The possible values are 5 (DEFAULT), 10, 15, and 20.
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L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > CONFIG > PPP > FORCE PEER IP ADDRESS
This option forces the PPP to negotiate the IP address entered instead of allowing the other an address to be
assigned by the remote end. The default is NO.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > STATUS
View the L2 PROTOCOL status for the T1 interface using the PPP protocol.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > STATUS > LCP
Link Control Protocol. Reflects LCP layer active.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > STATUS > BCP
Shows UP if PPP Bridge Control Protocol has negotiated successfully.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > STATUS > IPCP
Shows UP if PPP IP Control Protocol has negotiated successfully.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > STATUS > UP TIME
Displays how long the PPP session has been connected.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > STATUS > TX PKTS
Number of packets transmitted.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > STATUS > RX PKTS
Number of packets received.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > STATUS > TX BYTES
Number of bytes transmitted.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > STATUS > RX BYTES
Number of bytes received.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - PPP) > STATUS > CLEAR STATS
Selecting this activator will clear the PPP stats.
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L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE)
Configure the L2 PROTOCOL parameters and view the status of the T1 interface using Frame Relay protocol
from this menu.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > CONFIG
Configure the L2 PROTOCOL parameters for the T1 interface using the Frame Relay protocol.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > CONFIG > MAINTENANCE PROTOCOL
The Frame Relay maintenance protocol is used on the WAN port. The maintenance protocol is used to send
link status and virtual circuit information between Frame Relay switches and other devices (such as
routers) that communicate with them. Possible choices are as follows:
ANNEX D (ANSI)
This is ANSI standard ANSI T1.617-D and is the most commonly used in the
United States.
ANNEX A (Q933A) This is the CCITT European standard, ITU-T Q.933-A.
LMI
This was developed by a vendor consortium and is also known as the
“Consortium” management interface specification. It is still used by some
carriers in the United States.
STATIC (NO SIG)
This should be selected when there is no Frame Relay switch in the circuit. The
Data Link Connection Identifiers (DLCIs) are assigned in the DLCI Mapping
and must be the same for the device it will communicate with.
The default value is ANNEX D (ANSI).
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > CONFIG > POLLING FREQUENCY (5-30)
This parameter is the interval that the unit polls the Frame Relay switch using the maintenance protocol
selected. The unit is required to poll the Frame Relay switch periodically to determine whether the link is
active. The value is in seconds and ranges from 5 to 30 seconds with a default of 10 seconds.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > CONFIG > DLCI MAPPING
This menu allows each DLCI to be mapped to a particular Frame Relay maintenance protocol. Each
protocol parameter can be individually configured for each DLCI. By factory default, the DLCI map is
empty.
When empty and a maintenance protocol other than static is used, the unit will poll the switch to determine
which DLCIs are active. These active DLCIs will attempt to determine the IP addresses on the other end of
the virtual circuit using Inverse ARP (IARP). If there is a response, the network learned will be added to
the router tables and the virtual circuit will be treated as an unnumbered interface. Bridge connections are
made using bridge group 1. When more than one DLCI mapping is listed, the unit will try to match the
DLCIs learned from the Frame Relay switch with the DLCI values in the map. If there is a match, the
protocols specified in the map are used. However, if an active DLCI is not in the list, the unit looks for an
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entry that has 0 in the DLCI field. This entry is considered the default entry to use when no match occurs.
If this default entry is not present, the unit falls back to using IARP to determine the protocols to use with
that particular virtual circuit. If a static maintenance protocol is used, at least one DLCI mapping must be
specified.
To insert a new profile, press the I key when over the Num column. A new inserted profile
will always be set up with the default parameters. To copy parameters from an old profile
to this newly inserted profile, use the copy (C) and paste (P) keys. Entire configuration
trees can be copied with this method.
To delete an unused profile, use the D key when the cursor is over the number in the Num
column. Once deleted, the profile is gone permanently.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > CONFIG > DLCI MAPPING > NUM
Displays the index number in the DLCI mapping table.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > CONFIG > DLCI MAPPING > ACTIVE
When this parameter is set to YES (def), the mapping is used to determine the protocols used. If set to NO,
the unit will ignore the virtual circuit with this DLCI.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > CONFIG > DLCI MAPPING > INTERFACE
Shows the user the physical and logical port associated with each DLCI. This is a read-only field.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > CONFIG > DLCI MAPPING > DLCI
The DLCI number identifies the virtual circuit being configured.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > CONFIG > DLCI MAPPING > MODE
The mode identifies how the data will be forwarded. The choices are;
ROUTE IP
All IP data for this DLCI will be routed
BRIDGE ALL
All data for this DLCI will be bridged
ROUTE IP/BRIDGE OTHER All IP data will be routed. All other data will be bridged.
The default is ROUTE IP.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > CONFIG > BECN TIMEOUT (MSEC)
This value is expressed in milliseconds and represents the amount of time the unit will stop transmitting
over a PVC which received a packet with the BECN bit set. Range is 50-5000 msec; the default is 50 msec.
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L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS
View the L2 Protocol status for the T1 interface using the Frame Relay protocol.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PORT
View the Frame Relay statistics on the WAN port.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PORT > PORT INDEX
Integer used for identifying DLCIs on an interface. A single DLCI will always be port index 0. Subsequent
DLCIs will have incrementing port indices.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PORT > SIGNAL STATE
Displays “up” when the unit is communicating with the Frame Relay switch; otherwise displays “down”.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PORT > TX FRAMES
Total frames transmitted out the WAN port.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PORT > RX FRAMES
Total frames received on the WAN port.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PORT > TX BYTES
Total bytes transmitted out the WAN port.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PORT > RX BYTES
Total bytes received on the WAN port.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PORT > FULL STATUS TX FRAMES
Number of full status frames transmitted out the WAN port.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PORT > FULL STATUS RX FRAMES
Number of full status frames received on the WAN port.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PORT > LINK INTEGRITY STATUS TX FRAMES
Number of Link-Integrity (LI) only frames transmitted out the WAN port.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PORT > LINK INTEGRITY STATUS RX FRAMES
Number of LI only frames received on the WAN port.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PORT > DROP UNKNOWN DLCI
Number of frames received that were not associated with any known PVC.
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L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PORT > DROP INVALID DLCI
Number of frames received that had illegal DLCIs.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PORT > CLEAR STATS
Selecting this activator will clear the port Frame Relay Statistics.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PVC'S
View the Frame Relay status on a per-PVC basis.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PVC'S > DLCI
The DCLI number identifies the virtual circuit being monitored.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PVC'S > STATE
The state of the virtual circuit:
INACTIVE
The circuit exists but has been deactivated by the Frame Relay
switch.
EXISTS
The circuit exists at this point and should be activated soon.
ACTIVE
The circuit is fully active.
OFF
The circuit has been turned off by the DLCI mapping active
selection.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PVC'S > TX FRAMES
Number of Frame Relay packets that have been transmitted via this DLCI.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PVC'S > RX FRAMES
Number of Frame Relay packets that have been received via this DLCI.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PVC'S > TX BYTES
Number of Frame Relay bytes that have been transmitted via this DLCI.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PVC'S > RX BYTES
Number of Frame Relay bytes that have been received via this DLCI.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PVC'S > DE COUNT
Number of packets received on this DLCI with the Discharge Eligible (DE) bit set.
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L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PVC'S > CR COUNT
Number of packets received on this DLCI with the command response (CR) bit set.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PVC'S > BECN COUNT
Number of packets received on this DLCI with the Backward Explicit Congestion Notification (BECN) bit
set.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PVC'S > FECN COUNT
Number of packets received on this DLCI with the Forward Explicit Congestion Notification (FECN) bit
set.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - FRE) > STATUS > PVC'S > UNKNOWN FRAME RX
Number of frames that have been received that the unit does not know where to route.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - AUTO)
View the status of the T1 interface with the L2 PROTOCOL set to AUTO (using Auto-config feature).
Reference DLP-014, Unit Installation Using The Auto-Config Feature, for further details.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - AUTO) > STATUS
View the status of the auto-detect function and traffic flow for the T1 interface with an L2 Protocol set to
auto.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - AUTO) > STATUS > STATE
This field represents the state of the auto-detect/configuration function. The possible states are:
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OFF
The T1 interface is down, so the auto-detect/configuration process is
currently idle.
DETECTING L2
PROTOCOL
The T1 interface is up, and waiting for the first control/signaling packet.
CONFIRMING FR
The T1 interface is up, and one FR signaling packet has been received.
CONFIRMED FR
The T1 interface is up, and two FR signaling packets have been received. It
takes two consecutive control/signaling packets of the same type to confirm
the detected protocol.
CONFIRMING PPP
The T1 interface is up, and one PPP control packet has been received.
CONFIRMED PPP
The T1 interface is up, and two PPP control packets have been received. It
takes two consecutive control/signaling packets of the same type to confirm
the detected protocol.
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L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - AUTO) > STATUS > TX PKTS
Number of packets transmitted out of the WAN port.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - AUTO) > STATUS > RX PKTS
Number of packets received on the WAN port.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - AUTO) > STATUS > TX BYTES
Number of bytes transmitted out of the WAN port.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - AUTO) > STATUS > RX BYTES
Number of bytes received out the WAN port.
L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0] - AUTO) > STATUS > CLEAR STATS
Selecting this activator will clear the statistics.
L2 PROTOCOL (ETH[1])
Configure the L2 PROTOCOL parameters and view the status of the Ethernet interface from this menu.
The 1 in ETH[1] represents a physical port. The Ethernet physical port is always 1.
L2 PROTOCOL (ETH[1]) > PROTOCOL
Displays the L2 Protocol for the 10/100BASET Ethernet port. Currently only 802.3 is supported.
L2 PROTOCOL (ETH[1]) > CONFIG
Configure the mode for this 10/100BASET Ethernet port from this menu.
L2 PROTOCOL (ETH[1]) > CONFIG > MODE
The mode identifies how the data will be forwarded. The choices are:
ROUTE IP
All IP data will be routed
BRIDGE ALL
All data will be bridged
ROUTE IP/BRIDGE OTHER All IP data will be routed. All other data will be bridged.
The default is ROUTE IP.
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L2 PROTOCOL (ETH[1]) > STATUS
View the L2 Protocol statistics for the 10/100BASET Ethernet port from this menu.
L2 PROTOCOL (ETH[1]) > STATUS > TX PACKETS
Total number of packets transmitted out the Ethernet port.
L2 PROTOCOL (ETH[1]) > STATUS > RX PACKETS
Total number of packets received from the Ethernet port.
L2 PROTOCOL (ETH[1]) > STATUS > TX ERRORS
Total number of transmit errors encountered on Ethernet port.
L2 PROTOCOL (ETH[1]) > STATUS > SINGLE COLLISIONS
Total number of single collisions before successful transmission.
L2 PROTOCOL (ETH[1]) > STATUS > MULTIPLE COLLISIONS
Total number of multiple collisions before successful transmission.
L2 PROTOCOL (ETH[1]) > STATUS > EXCESSIVE COLLISIONS
Total number of collisions that resulted in packet being dropped.
L2 PROTOCOL (ETH[1]) > STATUS > DEFERRED TRANSMISSIONS
Total number of packets deferred due to collisions.
L2 PROTOCOL (ETH[1]) > STATUS > CARRIER SENSE ERRORS
Total number of carrier sense errors encountered (no link integrity).
L2 PROTOCOL (ETH[1]) > STATUS > RX ERRORS
Number of packets received in error and dropped.
L2 PROTOCOL (ETH[1]) > STATUS > CRCS
Number of packets detected with CRC errors.
L2 PROTOCOL (ETH[1]) > STATUS > RX COLLISIONS
Number of collisions which occurred during reception.
L2 PROTOCOL (ETH[1]) > STATUS > NON-ALIGNED
The NON-ALIGNED parameter is set when the number of bits received is not divisible by 8.
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L2 PROTOCOL (ETH[1]) > STATUS > CLEAR COUNTS
Selecting this activator clears all the Ethernet stats.
BRIDGE
Configure the bridge parameters and view bridging statistics from this menu as shown in Figure 8.
Figure 8. Bridge Menu
BRIDGE > CONFIG
Configure the interfaces and bridge table parameters from this menu.
BRIDGE > CONFIG > INTERFACES (T1[0])
Configure the T1 interface bridging parameters from this menu.
The T1[0] interface will not appear as a bridge interface entry if the mode is set to route
IP.
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BRIDGE > CONFIG > INTERFACES (T1[0]) > SUB-INTERFACE
The T1 sub-interface is PPP [0.0] if the L2 PROTOCOL is set for PPP. The [0.0] represents the T1 physical
and logical ports, respectively. This is a read-only field. The T1 sub-interface is FRE [0.X] if the L2
PROTOCOL is set for FRAME RELAY. The [0.X] represents the T1 physical and logical ports, respectively.
The T1 physical port is always 0. The X represents the Frame Relay logical port and will be a number
between 0-9 corresponding to the interface number under L2 PROTOCOL > CONFIG > DLCI MAPPING. This is
a read-only field.
BRIDGE > CONFIG > INTERFACES (ETH[1])
Configure the Ethernet Bridging parameters from this menu.
The ETH[1] interface will not appear as a bridge interface entry if the mode is set to route
IP.
BRIDGE > CONFIG > INTERFACES (ETH[1]) > SUB-INTERFACE
The Ethernet sub-interface is 802.3[1.0]. The [1.0] represents the Ethernet physical and logical ports,
where 1 is the physical port and 0 is the logical port assigned to the Ethernet interface. This is a read-only
field.
BRIDGE > CONFIG > BRIDGE TABLE
Configure the bridge table parameters from this menu.
BRIDGE > CONFIG > BRIDGE TABLE > BRIDGE TABLE AGING (0-65535)
BRIDGE TABLE AGING is how soon an entry ages out of the Bridge table (in minutes). Default is 5.
BRIDGE > STATUS
View the bridging statistics from this menu.
BRIDGE > STATUS > BRIDGE TABLE
View the bridge table status from this menu.
BRIDGE > STATUS > BRIDGE TABLE > MAC ADDRESS
Ethernet address for device learned. This is a read-only field.
BRIDGE > STATUS > BRIDGE TABLE > LOCATION
Location indicates if it is LAN or WAN. This is a read-only field.
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BRIDGE > STATUS > BRIDGE TABLE > TTL
Time to Live (TTL) is the number of seconds until the address is removed from the table. This is a
read-only field.
ROUTER
Configure the router parameters and view routing statistics from this menu as shown in Figure 9.
Figure 9. Router Menu
ROUTER > CONFIG
Configure the interfaces, routes, DHCP Server, and UDP Relay options from this menu.
ROUTER > CONFIG > INTERFACES
Configure the layer 3 options for the Ethernet and T1 interfaces from this menu.
ROUTER > CONFIG > INTERFACES (ETH[1])
Configure the layer 3 options for the Ethernet parameters from this menu.
The 1 in ETH[1] represents a physical port. The Ethernet physical port will always be 1.
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The Ethernet port will always appear in the ROUTER > CONFIG > INTERFACES table
regardless of the L2 Protocol mode setting.
ROUTER > CONFIG > INTERFACES (ETH[1]) > SUB-INTERFACE
The Ethernet sub-interface is 802.3[1.0]. The [1.0] represents the Ethernet physical and logical ports,
where 1 is the physical port and 0 is the logical port assigned to the Ethernet interface. This is a read-only
field.
ROUTER > CONFIG > INTERFACES (ETH[1])> SETUP
Configure the Ethernet addressing, RIP, and Proxy ARP from this menu.
PRIMARY IP
This is used to set up the IP addresses for the LAN on the unit.
IP ADDRESS
The IP address assigned to the unit's Ethernet port is set here. This address must be unique within
the network. Default is 10.0.0.1.
SUBNET MASK
This is the IP network mask that is to be applied to the unit's Ethernet port. Default is
255.255.255.0.
RIP
Use this menu to enable RIP on the LAN interface.
VERSION
Enables or disables RIP and specifies the RIP Protocol. Choices are; OFF (which disables
RIP), V1 (RIP Version 1) or V2 (RIP Version 2). The default is OFF.
METHOD
Specifies the way the RIP Protocol sends out its advertisements. The following options are
available:
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SPLIT HORIZON (DEF)
Only routes not learned from this circuit are advertised.
POISON REVERSE
All routes are advertised, but the routes learned from this port
are “poisoned” with an infinite metric.
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DIRECTION
Allows the direction at which RIP advertisements are sent and received to be specified.
TX AND RX (DEF)
RIP advertisements are periodically transmitted and are listened
to on this port.
TX ONLY
RIP advertisements are periodically transmitted but are not
listened to on this port.
RX ONLY
RIP advertisements are listened to on this port but are not
transmitted on this port.
V2 SECRET
Enter the secret used by RIP version 2 here.
PROXY ARP
This feature allows the network portion of a group of addresses to be shared among several
physical network segments. The ARP protocol provides a way for devices to create a mapping
between physical addresses and logical IP addresses. Proxy ARP makes use of this mapping
feature by instructing a router to answer ARP requests as a "proxy" for the IP addresses behind
one of its ports. The device which sent the ARP request will then correctly assume that it can
reach the requested IP address by sending packets to the physical address that was returned. This
technique effectively hides the fact that a network has been (further) subnetted. If this option is
set to YES, when an ARP request is received on the Ethernet port the address is looked up in the
IP routing table. If the forwarding port is not on the Ethernet port and the route is not the default
route, the unit will answer the request with its own hardware address. Default is NO.
SECONDARY IP
This allows the unit to specify additional IP addresses and networks on its Ethernet. The maximum
number of entries is 5.
NUM
Displays the index number in the secondary IP list.
IP ADDRESS
This is the second IP address the unit will respond to on the Ethernet. Default is 0.0.0.0.
SUBNET MASK
This is the mask for the network. Default is 255.255.255.255.
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ROUTER > CONFIG > INTERFACES (T1[0])
Configure the T1 interface parameters from this menu.
The 0 in T1[0] represents a physical port. The T1 physical port will always be 0.
The T1 interface will not appear in the ROUTER > CONFIG > INTERFACES table if the L2
PROTOCOL MODE is set for BRIDGE ALL. The T1 interface will not appear if a DLCI is not
entered in the DLCI MAPPING table (L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0]-FRE) > CONFIG > DLCI MAPPING)
when the L2 PROTOCOL is set to Frame Relay (FRE).
ROUTER > CONFIG > INTERFACES (T1[0])> SUB-INTERFACE
The T1 sub-interface is PPP [0.0] if the L2 Protocol is set for PPP. The [0.0] represents the T1 physical and
logical ports, respectively. This is a read-only field.
The T1 sub-interface is FRE [0.X] if the L2 Protocol is set for FRAME RELAY. The [0.X] represents the T1
physical and logical ports, respectively. The T1 physical port is always 0. The X represents the Frame
Relay logical port and will be a number between 0-9 corresponding to the interface number under
L2 PROTOCOL > CONFIG > DLCI MAPPING. This is a read-only field.
ROUTER > CONFIG > INTERFACES (T1[0]) > SET-UP
Configure the addressing, address mode, MTU, NAT, and RIP parameters from this menu.
ACTIVE
This option allows this DLCI to be assumed as active (set to YES) and begin transmitting data
packets. If set to NO, the interface will not be put in the route table and will not be seen by other
devices on the network. This can be set to NO if waiting on future turnup from Frame Relay provider.
Default is set to YES.
DLCI
(This option is only available when the L2 PROTOCOL is set to FRAME RELAY.) This DLCI is the
number associated with the virtual circuit on the T1 interface. This number corresponds to the DLCI
number in the L2 PROTOCOL > CONFIG > DLCI MAPPING table.
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ADDRESS MODE
This option determines how the WAN interface receives its IP address. USER SPECIFIED is the normal
mode of operation.
•
•
•
•
•
The choices are USER SPECIFIED (default) and IPCP ASSIGNED if the L2 PROTOCOL is set to
PPP.
The choices are USER SPECIFIED (default), IARP, and DHCP CLIENT if the L2 PROTOCOL is set
to FRAME RELAY. IARP can be used to learn the far-end IP address.
If using the Auto-config option and the L2 PROTOCOL is PPP, the default is IPCP ASSIGNED.
This means the unit will learn its IP address from a router on the WAN during IPCP
negotiation. It is the same mechanism used by the auto-detection algorithm.
If using the Auto-config option and the L2 PROTOCOL is FRAME RELAY, the default is DHCP
CLIENT. This means a DHCP Server from the service provider will issue this unit an IP address
using DHCP.
If the Auto-config option is not used, the USER SPECIFIED option for both PPP and FRAME
RELAY allows the IP addresses to be statically programed into the unit.
LOCAL IP ADDRESS
(This option is only applicable in USER SPECIFIED address mode.) For PPP, this IP address is the local
WAN IP address and can be statically assigned if using numbered interfaces. For FRAME RELAY, this
is the numbered IP associated with this DLCI interface. This address is used by the unit to respond to
Inverse ARP requests. If this IP address is left as 0.0.0.0, the link is treated as unnumbered and the
unit responds to the Inverse ARP with its Ethernet IP address. Default is 0.0.0.0.
IP NETMASK
(This option is not available for FRAME RELAY DHCP CLIENT ADDRESS MODE.) For Frame Relay, the
IP netmask which is applied to the FAR-END IP ADDRESS and LOCAL IP ADDRESS is specified here.
Default is 0.0.0.0. For the PPP protocol, this network mask is applied to the FAR-END IP ADDRESS for
determining the PPP peer’s network. If left as 0.0.0.0, a standard network mask is used. Default is
0.0.0.0.
FAR-END IP ADDRESS
(This option is not available for FRAME RELAY DHCP CLIENT ADDRESS MODE, FRAME RELAY IARP
ADDRESS MODE, or PPP IPCP ASSIGNED ADDRESS MODE.) For Frame Relay, this is the IP address of
the device on the other end of the virtual circuit. When this DLCI becomes active, the unit will add a
route in the IP routing table. Default is 0.0.0.0. For the PPP protocol, the PPP peer’s IP address or
network can be set here, if known. Leaving this at 0.0.0.0 means that the unit will determine the PPP
peer’s IP and network (if unnumbered) using the PPP IPCP. Default is 0.0.0.0.
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MTU
(This option is not available if the L2 PROTOCOL is set to PPP.) The Maximum Transmission Unit
(MTU) is the largest possible data unit that can be transmitted. The range is 64 to 1500. The default is
1500.
NAT
The unit can perform Network Address Translation (NAT). This feature is most widely used when
connecting to the Internet. The Ethernet network can consist of private network numbers. When this
profile is enabled, all IP addresses on the Ethernet side are translated into the one real IP address.
Multiple stations on the Ethernet side can access the Internet simultaneously.
PORT TRANSLATION
By enabling PORT TRANSLATION, IP packets are modified as they pass through this interface.
During transmission, private addresses are translated into a single public (NAPT) IP address.
Incoming packets are translated from the public to private address based on the protocol port
numbers. Default is DISABLED. When disabled, the unit will route across the connection normally.
PUBLIC IP ADDRESS MODE
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled.) The port translation
requires at least a single real IP address for translating. This value can use the IP assigned to the
interface (or assigned via layer 2 protocol like PPP), obtained using DHCP client, or statically
specified on this menu. If the address cannot be learned, it must be specified in order for the
translation to work. Choices are INTERFACE, SPECIFIED, and DHCP CLIENT. Default is INTERFACE.
PUBLIC IP ADDRESS
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled and the PUBLIC IP
ADDRESS MODE is set to SPECIFIED.) This is the specified address used as the NAT address.
Default is 0.0.0.0.
TRANSLATE BODY OF UNMAPPED PORTS
If this option is set to DISABLED, the user must add an entry in the translation table for every port
which needs to be translated. If set to ENABLED, every port will be translated. The default is
DISABLED, which is sufficient for most circuits.
TRANSLATION TABLE
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled.) Add translation
entries to specify port address translations or to setup 1:1 translations.
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PUBLIC ADDRESS MODE
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled.) The public IP
address used for this translation entry can be the NAPT IP address assigned to the link or can
be specified. You specify an address to direct packets with certain protocols to different
servers. Choices are NAPT ADDR and SPECIFIED. Default is NAPT ADDR.
PUBLIC ADDRESS
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled and the PUBLIC
ADDRESS MODE is set to SPECIFIED.) Default is 0.0.0.0.
PROTOCOL MODE
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled.) This is the upper
layer protocol that is to be monitored for translation. For TCP and UDP, a port number must
also be specified. Choices are TCP; UDP; ICMP; ANY (TCP, UDP, or ICMP); ALL; SPECIFIED;
and NONE. Default is NONE.
PROTOCOL
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled and PROTOCOL
MODE is set to SPECIFIED.) Default is 0 (decimal).
PROTOCOL TYPE
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled and PROTOCOL
MODE is set to SPECIFIED.) For well known protocols, this status will populate with the
protocol. This is a read-only field.
PUBLIC TYPE MODE
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled and PROTOCOL
MODE is set to either TCP or UDP.) The public destination port associated with this entry
can be specified to add more control over certain types of traffic. Choices are SPECIFIED and
ANY PORT. The default, ANY PORT, covers all port types.
PUBLIC PORT
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled and PUBLIC PORT
MODE is set to SPECIFIED.) However, it will not be available if PROTOCOL MODE is set to
ICMP; ANY (TCP, UDP, or ICMP); ALL; SPECIFIED; or NONE. Default is 0 (decimal).
PUBLIC PORT TYPE
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled and PUBLIC PORT
MODE is set to SPECIFIED.) However, it will not be available if PROTOCOL MODE is set to
ICMP; ANY (TCP, UDP, or ICMP); ALL; SPECIFIED; or NONE. Read-only.
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PRIVATE ADDRESS MODE
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled.) The private IP
address can be specified to steer certain protocols and ports to specific servers in the private
network. Likewise, internal hosts can be steered to certain servers on the public network. A
new request from the public network matching this entry’s public parameters will be
dropped if this mode is set to ANY INTERNAL. Choices are SPECIFIED and ANY INTERNAL.
Default is ANY INTERNAL.
PRIVATE ADDRESS
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled and PRIVATE
ADDRESS MODE is set to SPECIFIED.) Default is 0.0.0.0.
PRIVATE PORT MODE
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. However, it will
not be available if PROTOCOL MODE is set to ICMP; ANY (TCP, UDP, or ICMP); ALL;
SPECIFIED; or NONE.) The private destination port associated with this entry can be specified
to add more control over certain types of traffic. Leave as ANY PORT to cover all port types.
Choices are ANY PORT and SPECIFIED. Default is ANY PORT.
PRIVATE PORT
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled and PRIVATE PORT
MODE is set to SPECIFIED. However, it will not be available if PROTOCOL MODE is set to
ICMP; ANY (TCP, UDP, or ICMP); ALL; SPECIFIED; or NONE.) Default is 0 (decimal).)
TRANSLATE BODY
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled.) When set to YES,
the application payload in the packet is scanned for occurrences of the private/public IP
address in binary or ASCII form. Set this to NO (default) for applications where this will
cause problems.
NAT VIEW
Shows the protocols that are actively being translated.
ENTRY
Indicates the entry number in the NAT VIEW table.
PRIV ADDR
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled.) This shows the
private address of the host that the entry is used for.
PUB ADDR
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled.) This shows the
public address this entry is using for its NAPT.
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SERV ADDR
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled.) This is the
destination of the packet.
PROTO
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled.) This shows the
protocol used (TCP, UDP, ICMP, etc.).
PRIV PORT
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled.) This is the
private port used for the entry.
SPOOF PORT
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled.) If the same
private port is already used in the table, it will spoof a different port for the entry.
SERVER PORT
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled.) This port is used
on the public side.
TIME
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled.) This is the time
since the entry was last used.
IN CNT
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled.) This is the
number of packets that came in.
OUT CNT
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled.) This is the
number of packets sent out.
NAPT ADDRESS
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled.) This represents the
public address that is being used as the NAPT address. Read-only.
ENTRY COUNT
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled.) This is the number of
entries in the NAT table. Maximum is 1500.
ENTRY OVERFLOW COUNT
(This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled.) This is a count of the
dropped entries due to entry count being 1500 or greater; i.e., the NAT table is full.
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RIP
Routing Information Protocol (RIP) is based on the shortest path (hops) between two IP addresses on
a network. Each router maintains and broadcasts a routing table of known addresses/routes.
VERSION
The RIP protocol can be specified per DLCI. The possible selections are OFF (default) (meaning
no RIP packets are listened to or sent), V1 (RIP version 1), or V2 (which is RIP version 2).
METHOD
This specifies the way the RIP protocol sends out its advertisements. The default is SPLIT
HORIZON.
SPLIT HORIZON
Only routes not learned from this particular virtual circuit are
advertised.
POISON REVERSE
All routes are advertised, but the routes learned from this port
are “poisoned” with an infinite metric.
DIRECTION
This parameter specifies the direction at which RIP advertisements are sent and listened.
TX AND RX (DEF)
RIP advertisements are periodically transmitted and are listened
to on this virtual circuit.
TX ONLY
RIP advertisements are periodically transmitted but are not
listened to on this virtual circuit.
RX ONLY
RIP is not transmitted on this virtual circuit, but they are
listened to.
V2 SECRET
Enter the secret used by RIP version 2 here.
ROUTER > CONFIG > ROUTES
Configures the default gateway and static routes from this menu.
ROUTER > CONFIG > ROUTES > DEFAULT GATEWAY
The default gateway is used by the unit to send IP packets whose destination addresses are not found in the
route table. Default is 0.0.0.0. This is a default gateway for the entire unit, not just for the Ethernet port.
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ROUTER > CONFIG > ROUTES > STATIC ROUTES
Use this menu to enter static routes to other networks.
NUM
Displays the index number in the static route table.
ACTIVE
Adds this static route entry to the IP routing table when set to YES and removes it (if it was previously
added) if set to NO. Default is NO.
IP ADDRESS
The IP address of the host or network address of the device being routed to. Default is 0.0.0.0.
SUBNET MASK
Determines the bits in the previous IP address that are used. If this is to be a host route, it must be set
to all ones (255.255.255.255). Default is 0.0.0.0.
GATEWAY
The IP address of the router to receive the forwarded IP packet. Default is 0.0.0.0.
HOPS
The number of router hops required to get to the network or host. Maximum distance is 16 hops.
Default is 1.
PRIVATE
When set to NO, the unit will advertise this static route using RIP. Setting to YES means that the route
is kept private. Default is NO.
ROUTER > CONFIG > DHCP SERVER
Use this menu to set up the DHCP server.
ROUTER > CONFIG > DHCP SERVER > DHCP MODE
When set to ON, the unit acts as a DHCP server and will dynamically assign IP, network mask, default
gateway, and DNS addresses to any device which transmits a broadcast DHCP request. The addresses
assigned are based on the unit’s own IP address and will be within the same network. Default is OFF.
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ROUTER > CONFIG > DHCP SERVER > DHCP RENEWAL TIME (HOURS)
The number of hours that the DHCP server should allow the device to keep its previous IP assignment,
before it is required to send a new DHCP request. The default is 15 HOURS.
ROUTER > CONFIG > DHCP SERVER > DOMAIN NAME
Text string used to represent the domain name used by the unit.
ROUTER > CONFIG > DHCP SERVER > PRIMARY DNS
IP address of first server to which domain name requests are sent. Default is 0.0.0.0.
ROUTER > CONFIG > DHCP SERVER > SECONDARY DNS
IP address of server used as a backup, in case the primary address does not respond to the request. Default
is 0.0.0.0.
ROUTER > CONFIG > DHCP SERVER > PRIMARY NBNS/WINS
Primary address of the NBNS/WINS server. Default is 0.0.0.0.
ROUTER > CONFIG > DHCP SERVER > SECONDARY NBNS/WINS
Secondary address of the NBNS/WINS server. Default is 0.0.0.0.
ROUTER > CONFIG > UDP RELAY
This menu configures the unit to act as a UDP relay agent for applications requiring a response from UDP
hosts that are not on the same network segment as their clients.
ROUTER > CONFIG > UDP RELAY > MODE
When this option is set to ON, the unit will act as a relay agent. Default is OFF.
ROUTER > CONFIG > UDP RELAY > UDP RELAY LIST
Up to four relay destination servers can be specified in this list.
#
Indicates the entry number in the UDP Relay List table.
RELAY ADDRESS
This is the IP address of the server that will receive the relay packet. Default is 0.0.0.0.
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UDP PORT TYPE
The choices are STANDARD (def) and SPECIFIED. The following standard UDP protocols are relayed
when set: DHCP, TFTP, DNS, NTP (Network Time Protocol, port 123), NBNS (NetBios Name
Server, port 137), NBDG (NetBIOS Datagram, port 138), and BootP. When SPECIFIED is set, the
UDP port (1 to 65535) can be specified in the UDP Port columns (up to three per server).
UDP PORT 1, 2, 3
Used for specifying UDP ports to be relayed. These fields only apply when UDP PORT TYPE is set to
SPECIFIED. Default is 0.
ROUTER > STATUS
View the IP ROUTES, IP STATS, and ARP CACHE statistics from this menu.
ROUTER > STATUS > IP ROUTES
This lists the contents of the unit’s IP route table.
ROUTER > STATUS > IP ROUTES > IP ADDRESS
Network or host destination address.
ROUTER > STATUS > IP ROUTES > NETMASK
Network mask applied to the destination address.
ROUTER > STATUS > IP ROUTES > GATEWAY
Host or router to receive this packet.
ROUTER > STATUS > IP ROUTES > PORT
Port gateway is located on:
LOCAL
Sent directly to the unit’s router
ETH0
The unit’s Ethernet port
WAN0
The unit’s first PPP bundle
FR
0 . . . FR 9
The unit is connected up to 10 DLCIs.
ROUTER > STATUS > IP ROUTES > USE
Number of times the unit has referenced the route.
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ROUTER > STATUS > IP ROUTES > FLAGS
Important tags associated with this route entry
H
route is a host route
G
route is a gateway route
S
static route, or learned via IPCP, IARP, DHCP
R1
learned from RIP Version 1
R2
learned from RIP Version 2
I
route learned from an ICMP redirect
C
directly connected interface
P
route is private and is not advertised with RIP
T
route is to a triggered port (updates only when table changes)
U
learned by unknown method
ROUTER > STATUS > IP ROUTES > HOPS
Number of routers that must go through to get to destination. Ranges from 0-15 or 16 for infinite (can’t get
there from here).
ROUTER > STATUS > IP ROUTES > TTL
Seconds until address is removed from table. Value of 999 means route is static.
ROUTER > STATUS > IP STATS
This section describes the following STATISTICS submenus (and see the tables on the pages following):
• IP
• ICMP
• TCP
• UDP
All of these statistics are taken from the MIB-II variables in RFC 1156. To clear the accumulated statistics,
press the <ENTER> key on CLEAR COUNTS.
ROUTER > STATUS > IP STATS > IP
View the IP statistics from this menu.
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DEFAULT TTL
The default value inserted into the Time-To-Live field of the IP header of datagrams originated at this
unit, whenever a TTL value is not supplied by the transport layer protocol.
IP DATAGRAMS RECEIVED
The total number of input datagrams received from interfaces, including those received in error.
BAD HEADER PACKETS
The number of input datagrams discarded due to errors in their IP headers, including bad check sums,
version number mismatch, other format errors, Time-to-Live exceeded, errors discovered in
processing their IP options, etc.
BAD IP ADDRESSES
The number of input datagrams discarded because the IP address in their IP header's destination field
was not a valid address to be received at this unit. This count includes invalid addresses (e.g., 0.0.0.0)
and addresses of unsupported Classes (e.g., Class E). For entities which are not IP Gateways and
therefore do not forward datagrams, this counter includes datagrams discarded because the
destination address was not a local address.
TOTAL FORWARDED DATAGRAMS
The number of input datagrams for which this unit was not their final IP destination, as a result of
which an attempt was made to find a route to forward them to that final destination. In entities which
do not act as IP Gateways, this counter will include only those packets which were Source-Routed
via this unit, and the Source-Route option processing was successful.
BAD PROTOCOL DISCARDS
The number of locally-addressed datagrams received successfully but discarded because of an
unknown or unsupported protocol.
DATAGRAMS DISCARDED
The number of input IP datagrams for which no problems were encountered to prevent their
continued processing, but which were discarded (e.g., for lack of buffer space). Note that this counter
does not include any datagrams discarded while awaiting re-assembly.
SENT DATAGRAMS TO UPPER LAYERS
The total number of input datagrams successfully delivered to IP user-protocols (including ICMP).
IP DATAGRAMS SENT
IP packets from the unit's IP stack.
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ERRORFREE DISCARDS
The number of output IP datagrams for which no problem was encountered to prevent their
transmission to their destination, but which were discarded (e.g., for lack of buffer space). Note that
this counter would include datagrams counted in TOTAL FORWARDED DATAGRAMS if any such packets
met this (discretionary) discard criterion.
ROUTELESS DISCARDS
The number of IP datagrams discarded because no route could be found to transmit them to their
destination. Note that this counter includes any packets counted in TOTAL FORWARDED DATAGRAMS
which meet this “no-route” criterion. Note also that this includes any datagrams which a host cannot
route because all of its default gateways are down.
IP REASSEMBLY TIMEOUT
The maximum number of seconds received fragments are held while awaiting reassembly at this unit.
DISASSEMBLED FRAGMENTS
The number of IP fragments received which needed to be reassembled at this unit.
IP DATAGRAMS REASSEMBLED
The number of IP datagrams successfully reassembled.
IP REASSEMBLY FAILURES
The number of failures detected by the IP reassembly algorithm (for whatever reason: timed out,
errors, etc.). Note that this is not necessarily a count of discarded IP fragments since some algorithms
(notably RFC 815s) can lose track of the number of fragments by combining them as they are
received.
SUCCESSFUL FRAGMENTS
The number of IP datagrams that have been successfully fragmented at this unit.
FAILED FRAGMENTS
The number of IP datagrams that have been discarded because they needed to be fragmented at this
unit but could not be (e.g., because their “Don't Fragment” flag was set).
TOTAL IP FRAGMENTS
The number of IP datagram fragments that have been generated as a result of fragmentation at this
unit.
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DISCARDED ROUTING ENTRIES
A packet the unit couldn't route.
CLEAR COUNTS
Setting this activator clears the IP Statistics.
ROUTER > STATUS > IP STATS > ICMP
ICMP MESSAGES RECEIVED
The total number of ICMP messages the unit received. Note that this counter includes all those
counted by ICMP SPECIFIC ERRORS.
ICMP SPECIFIC ERRORS
The number of ICMP messages the unit received but determined as having errors (bad ICMP
checksums, bad length, etc.)
ICMP DEST. UNREACHABLE MSGS RCVD
The number of ICMP Destination Unreachable messages received.
ICMP TIMEOUTS RECEIVED
The number of ICMP Time Exceeded messages received.
ICMP PARAMETER PROBLEM MSGS RCVD
The number of ICMP Parameter Problem messages received.
ICMP SOURCE QUENCH MSGS RCVD
The number of ICMP Source Quench messages received.
ICMP REDIRECTED MESSAGES RCVD
The number of ICMP Redirect messages received.
ICMP ECHO REQUEST MSGS RCVD
The number of ICMP Echo (request) messages received.
ICMP ECHO REPLY MSGS RCVD
The number of ICMP Echo Reply messages received.
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ICMP TIMESTAMP REQUEST MSGS RCVD
The number of ICMP Timestamp (request) messages received.
ICMP TIMESTAMP REPLY MSGS RCVD
The number of ICMP Timestamp Reply messages received.
ICMP ADDRESS MASK REQUEST MSGS RCVD
The number of ICMP Address Mask Request messages received.
ICMP ADDRESS MASK REPLY MSGS RCVD
The number of ICMP Address Mask Reply messages received.
ICMP MESSAGES SENT
The total number of ICMP messages this unit attempted to send. Note that this counter includes all
those counted by ICMP PACKET ERRORS.
ICMP PACKET ERRORS
The number of ICMP messages this unit did not send due to problems discovered within ICMP such
as a lack of buffers. This value should not include errors discovered outside the ICMP layer such as
the inability of IP to route the resultant datagram. In some implementations there may be no types of
error which contribute to this counter's value.
ICMP DEST. UNREACHABLE MSGS SENT
The number of ICMP Destination Unreachable messages sent.
ICMP TIME EXCEEDED MSGS SENT
The number of ICMP Time Exceeded messages sent.
ICMP PARAMETER PROBLEM MSGS SENT
The number of ICMP Parameter Problem messages sent.
ICMP SOURCE QUENCH MSGS SENT
The number of ICMP Source Quench messages sent.
ICMP REDIRECT MSGS SENT
The number of ICMP Redirect messages sent.
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ICMP ECHO REQUEST MSGS SENT
The number of ICMP Echo (request) messages sent.
ICMP ECHO REPLY MSGS SENT
The number of ICMP Echo Reply messages sent.
ICMP TIMESTAMP REQUEST MSGS SENT
The number of ICMP Timestamp (request) messages sent.
ICMP TIMESTAMP REPLY MSGS SENT
The number of ICMP Timestamp Reply messages sent.
ICMP ADDR MASK REQUEST MSGS SENT
The number of ICMP Address Mask Request messages sent.
ICMP ADDR MASK REPLY MSGS SENT
The number of ICMP Address Mask Reply messages sent.
CLEAR COUNTS
Selecting this activator will clear the ICMP statistics.
ROUTER > STATUS > IP STATS > UDP
View the UDP statistics from this menu.
UDP DATAGRAMS RECEIVED
The total number of UDP datagrams delivered to UDP users.
NO APPLICATION AT DEST. PORT
The total number of received UDP datagrams for which there was no application at the destination
port.
UDP BAD PACKETS
The number of received UDP datagrams that could not be delivered for reasons other than the lack of
an application at the destination port.
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UDP DATAGRAMS SENT
The total number of UDP datagrams sent from this unit.
CLEAR COUNTS
Selecting this activator clears the UDP statistics.
ROUTER > STATUS > IP STATS > UDP TABLE
View the UDP table statistics from this menu.
LOCAL IP ADDRESS
The destination IP address of the packet.
PORT
The destination UDP port of the packet.
ROUTER > STATUS > IP STATS > TCP
View the TCP statistics from this menu.
RETRANSMISSION TIMEOUT ALGORITHM
The algorithm used to determine the timeout value used for retransmitting unacknowledged octets.
MIN RETRANSMISSION TIMEOUT (MS)
The minimum value permitted by a TCP implementation for the retransmission timeout, measured in
milliseconds. More refined semantics for objects of this type depend upon the algorithm used to
determine the retransmission timeout. In particular, when the timeout algorithm is rsre(3), an object
of this type has the semantics of the LBOUND quantity described in RFC 793.
MAX RETRANSMISSION TIMEOUT (MS)
The maximum value permitted by a TCP implementation for the retransmission timeout, measured in
milliseconds. More refined semantics for objects of this type depend upon the algorithm used to
determine the retransmission timeout. In particular, when the timeout algorithm is rsre(3), an object
of this type has the semantics of the UBOUND quantity described in RFC 793.
MAX TCP CONNECTIONS
The limit on the total number of TCP connections the unit can support. In entities where the
maximum number of connections is dynamic, this object should contain the value -1.
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ACTIVE TCP CONNECTIONS
The number of times TCP connections have made a direct transition to the SYN-SENT state from the
CLOSED state.
TCP PASSIVE CONNECTIONS
The number of times TCP connections have made a direct transition to the SYN-RCVD state from
the LISTEN state.
TCP FAILED ATTEMPTS
The number of times TCP connections have made a direct transition to the CLOSED state from
either the SYN-SENT state or the SYN-RCVD state, plus the number of times TCP connections have
made a direct transition to the LISTEN state from the SYN-RCVD state.
TOTAL TCP RESETS
The number of times TCP connections have made a direct transition to the CLOSED state from
either the ESTABLISHED state or the CLOSE-WAIT state.
TCP CURRENT CONNECTIONS
The number of TCP connections for which the current state is either ESTABLISHED or
CLOSE-WAIT.
TCP SEGMENTS RECEIVED
The total number of segments received, including those received in error. This count includes
segments received on currently established connections.
TCP SEGMENTS SENT
The total number of segments sent, including those on current connections but excluding those
containing only retransmitted octets.
TOTAL TCP RETRANSMITS
The total number of segments retransmitted – that is, the number of TCP segments transmitted
containing one or more previously transmitted octets.
CLEAR COUNTS
Selecting this activator clears the TCP statistics.
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ROUTER > STATUS > IP STATS > TCP CONNS
View the TCP Conns Statistics from this menu. This table shows the different states of each TCP
connection.
STATE
The possible states are FREE, CLOSED, LISTEN, SYNC SENT, SYNC RECEIVED, ESTABLISHED, FINWAIT1,
FINWAIT2, CLOSEWAIT, LASTACK, CLOSING, and TIMEWAIT.
LOCAL IP ADDRESS
Local IP address of the TCP connection.
LOCAL PORT
Local port of the TCP connection.
REMOTE IP ADDRESS
Remote IP address of the TCP connection.
REMOTE PORT
Remote port of the TPC connection.
ROUTER > STATUS > IP STATS > ARP CACHE
This lists the contents of the units’s ARP table. All resolved cache entries time out after 20 minutes.
Unresolved entries time out in 3 minutes. The ARP cache can be cleared by pressing “f” while on the menu
or by pressing “d” on the individual number for that entry.
IP ADDRESS
IP address used for resolving MAC address.
MAC ADDRESS
Ethernet address resolved (0=no resolution).
TIME
Minutes since entry was first entered.
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SECURITY
Configure the SECURITY FILTERS and RADIUS SERVER parameters from this menu as shown in Figure 10.
Figure 10. Security Menu
SECURITY > FILTERS
Configure the filter characteristics from this menu.
SECURITY > FILTERS > FILTER DEFINES
The unit can filter packets based on certain parameters within the packet. The method used by the unit
allows the highest flexibility for defining filters and assigning them to a PVC or PPP link. The filters are
set up in two steps: (1) defining the filter types, and (2) applying them to a list under the PVC or PPP
configuration. This menu is used to define the individual filter defines based on packet type.
The Filter Defines option works for Frame Relay and PPP.
SECURITY > FILTERS > FILTER DEFINES > MAC FILTER DEFINES
The MAC filter is applied to bridge packets only. Bridge packets which are forwarded by the bridge
functionality of the unit are defined here. Up to 32 MAC defines can be specified.
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NUM
Indicates the entry number in the MAC Filter Defines table.
NAME
Identifies the filter entry. Default is no entry in NAME field.
SRC ADDR
48-bit MAC source address used for comparison. Values are in hexadecimal format. Default is
00:00:00:00:00:00.
SRC MASK
Bits in the MAC source address which are compared. Values are in hexadecimal format. Default is
00:00:00:00:00:00.
DEST ADDR
48-bit MAC destination address used for comparison. Values are in hexadecimal format. Default is
00:00:00:00:00:00.
DEST MASK
Bits in the MAC destination address used for comparison. Values are in hexadecimal format. Default
is 00:00:00:00:00:00.
TYPE
16-bit type field used for comparison. Values are in hexadecimal format. Default is 00:00.
TYPE MASK
Bits in the type field used for comparison. Values are in hexadecimal format. Default is 00:00.
SECURITY > FILTERS > FILTER DEFINES > PATTERN FILTER DEFINES
The pattern filter is applied to bridge packets only. That is any packet which is forwarded by the bridge
functionality of the unit. Up to 32 pattern defines can be specified.
NUM
Indicates the entry number in the Pattern Filter Defines table.
NAME
Identifies the filter entry. Default is no entry in NAME field.
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OFFSET
Offset from beginning of packet of where to start the pattern comparison. Default is 0.
PATTERN
64 bits used for comparison. Values are in hexadecimal format. Default is 00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00.
MASK
Bits in the pattern to be compared. Values are in hexadecimal format. Default is
00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00.
SECURITY > FILTERS > FILTER DEFINES > IP FILTER DEFINES
The IP filter defines apply to any IP packet, whether it is routed or bridged. Up to 32 IP defines can be
specified.
NUM
Indicates the entry number in the IP Filter Defines table.
NAME
Identifies the filter entry. Default is no entry in NAME field.
SRC ADDR
IP address compared to the source address. Value is in dotted decimal format. Default is 0.0.0.0.
SRC MASK
Bits which are used in the source comparison. Value is in dotted decimal format. Default is 0.0.0.0.
DEST ADDR
IP address compared to the destination address. Value is in dotted decimal format. Default is 0.0.0.0.
DEST MASK
Bits which are used in the destination comparison. Value is in dotted decimal format. Default is
0.0.0.0.
SRC PORT
IP source port number used for comparison. Value is in decimal format. Range: 0 TO 65535. Default
is 0.
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SRC PORT COMP
Type of comparison that is performed. Default is NONE.
= means ports equal to
not = means port not equal to
> means port greater than
< means port less than
None - means the source port is not compared
DEST PORT
IP destination port number used for comparison. Value is in decimal format. Range: 0 TO 65535.
Default is 0.
DEST PORT COMP
Type of comparison that is performed. Default is NONE.
= means ports equal to
not = means port not equal to
> means port greater than
< means port less than
None - means the source port is not compared
PROTO PORT
Protocol used for comparison. Value is in decimal format. Range: 0 TO 255. Default is 0.
PROTO PORT COMP
Type of comparison that is performed. Default is NONE.
= means ports equal to
not = means port not equal to
> means port greater than
< means port less than
None - means the source port is not compared
TCP ESTAB
Yes - only when TCP established
No - only when TCP not established
Ignore - ignore TCP flags (default)
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SECURITY > FILTERS > INTERFACES
The unit can block packets in and out of an interface by use of the filters. They are set up in two steps:
1) define the types of packets that would be of interest in the SECURITY > FILTERS > FILTER DEFINES menu,
and 2) set up the filter type and combination of defines that will cause a packet block.
SECURITY > FILTERS > INTERFACES (T1[0])
Define the filters for the T1 interfaces from this menu.
The T1 interface will only appear in the SECURITY > FILTERS > INTERFACE list if the L2
PROTOCOL is set to FRAME RELAY or PPP.
SECURITY > FILTERS > INTERFACES (T1[0]) > SUB-INTERFACE
If the L2 PROTOCOL is FRAME RELAY, the SUB-INTERFACE will be FRE [0.X], where the [0.X] represents the
T1 physical and logical ports, respectively. The T1 physical port is always 0. The X represents the Frame
Relay logical port and will always be a number 0-9 corresponding to the interface number under
L2 PROTOCOL > CONFIG > DLCI MAPPING. This is a read-only field.
If the L2 PROTOCOL is PPP, the SUB-INTERFACE is PPP [0.0]. The [0.0] represents the T1 physical and
logical ports, respectively. This is a read-only field.
SECURITY > FILTERS > INTERFACES (T1[0]) > SET-UP
Enable the T1 interface filtering and define filters from this menu.
IN FROM VC
The packets which come into the unit can be filtered in three ways:
DISABLE (DEF)
Turns off packet input filtering. No incoming packets are blocked.
BLOCK ALL
All incoming packets from the WAN are blocked except as defined
in the SECURITY > FILTERS > INTERFACES > SETUP > IN EXCEPTIONS
list.
FORWARD ALL
No incoming packets from the WAN are blocked except as defined
in the SECURITY > FILTERS > INTERFACES > SETUP > IN EXCEPTIONS
list.
IN EXCEPTIONS
This is a list of up to 32 filter entries which can be combined using the operations field. The
operations are performed in the order they appear on the list.
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#
Indicates the entry number in the In Exceptions table.
ACTIVE
Turns this entry active when set to YES. Default is NO.
TYPE
Selects the filter define list to reference (default is MAC):
MAC
from the SECURITY/FILTERS/FILTER DEFINES/MAC FILTER
DEFINES list.
PATTERN
from the SECURITY/FILTERS/FILTER DEFINES/PATTERN FILTER
DEFINES list.
IP
from the SECURITY/FILTERS/FILTER DEFINES/IP FILTER DEFINES
list.
FILTER LIST NAME
Selects between filters defined in the list. Default is no entry in filter list name.
NEXT OPER
The next operation to use to combine with the next filter in the list (default is END):
END
the last filter to combination.
AND
logically AND this filter with the next filter in the list.
OR
logically OR this filter with the next filter in the list.
OUT TO VC
The packets which come from the unit to the WAN can be filtered in three ways:
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DISABLE (DEF)
Turns off packet output filtering. No outgoing packets are
blocked.
BLOCK ALL
All outgoing packets to the WAN are blocked except as defined
in the SECURITY > FILTERS > INTERFACES > SETUP > OUT
EXCEPTIONS list.
FORWARD ALL
No outgoing packets to the WAN are blocked except as defined
in the SECURITY > FILTERS > INTERFACES > SETUP > OUT
EXCEPTIONS list.
OUT EXCEPTIONS
This is a list of up to 32 filter entries which can be combined using the operations field. The
operations are performed in the order they appear on the list.
#
Indicates the entry number in the In Exceptions table.
ACTIVE
Turns this entry active when set to YES. Default is NO.
TYPE
Selects the filter define list to reference (default is MAC):
MAC
from the SECURITY > FILTERS > FILTER DEFINES > MAC FILTER
DEFINES list.
PATTERN
from the SECURITY > FILTERS > FILTER DEFINES > PATTERN
FILTER DEFINES list.
IP
from the SECURITY > FILTERS > FILTER DEFINES > IP FILTER
DEFINES list.
FILTER LIST NAME
Selects between filters defined in the list. Default is no entry in filter list name.
NEXT OPER
The next operation to use to combine with the next filter in the list (default is END):
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END
the last filter to combination.
AND
logically AND this filter with the next filter in the list.
OR
logically OR this filter with the next filter in the list.
SECURITY > FILTERS > INTERFACES (ETH[1])
Define the filters for the Ethernet interface from this menu.
SECURITY > FILTERS > INTERFACES (ETH[1]) > SUB-INTERFACE
The Ethernet sub-interface is 802.3[1.0]. This is a read-only field.
SECURITY > FILTERS > INTERFACES (ETH[1]) > SET-UP
Enable the Ethernet interface filtering and define filters from this menu.
IN FROM VC
The packets which come into the unit can be filtered in three ways:
DISABLE (DEF)
Turns off packet input filtering. No incoming packets are blocked.
BLOCK ALL
All incoming packets from the WAN are blocked except as defined
in the SECURITY > FILTERS > INTERFACES > SETUP > IN EXCEPTIONS
list.
FORWARD ALL
No incoming packets from the WAN are blocked except as defined
in the SECURITY > FILTERS > INTERFACES > SETUP > IN EXCEPTIONS
list.
IN EXCEPTIONS
This is a list of up to 32 filter entries which can be combined using the operations field. The
operations are performed in the order they appear on the list.
#
Indicates the entry number in the In Exceptions table.
ACTIVE
Turns this entry active when set to YES. Default is NO.
TYPE
Selects the filter define list to reference (default is MAC):
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MAC
from the SECURITY > FILTERS > FILTER DEFINES > MAC FILTER
DEFINES list.
PATTERN
from the SECURITY > FILTERS > FILTER DEFINES > PATTERN
FILTER DEFINES list.
IP
from the SECURITY > FILTERS > FILTER DEFINES > IP FILTER
DEFINES list.
FILTER LIST NAME
Selects between filters defined in the list. Default is no entry in filter list name.
NEXT OPER
The next operation to use to combine with the next filter in the list (default is END):
END
the last filter to combination.
AND
logically AND this filter with the next filter in the list.
OR
logically OR this filter with the next filter in the list.
OUT TO VC
The packets which come from the unit to the WAN can be filtered in three ways:
DISABLE (DEF)
Turns off packet output filtering. No outgoing packets are
blocked.
BLOCK ALL
All outgoing packets to the WAN are blocked except as defined
in the SECURITY > FILTERS > INTERFACES > SETUP > OUT
EXCEPTIONS list.
FORWARD ALL
All outgoing packets to the WAN are not blocked except as
defined in the SECURITY > FILTERS > INTERFACES > SETUP >
OUT EXCEPTIONS list.
OUT EXCEPTIONS
This is a list of up to 32 filter entries which can be combined using the operations field. The
operations are performed in the order they appear on the list.
#
Indicates the entry number in the In Exceptions table.
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ACTIVE
Turns this entry active when set to YES. Default is NO.
TYPE
Selects the filter define list to reference (default is MAC):
MAC
from the SECURITY > FILTERS > FILTER DEFINES > MAC FILTER
DEFINES list.
PATTERN
from the SECURITY > FILTERS > FILTER DEFINES > PATTERN
FILTER DEFINES list.
IP
from the SECURITY > FILTERS > FILTER DEFINES > IP FILTER
DEFINES list.
FILTER LIST NAME
Selects between filters defined in the list. Default is no entry in filter list name.
NEXT OPER
The next operation to use to combine with the next filter in the list (default is END):
END
the last filter to combination.
AND
logically AND this filter with the next filter in the list.
OR
logically OR this filter with the next filter in the list.
SECURITY > RADIUS SERVER
The parameters for the RADIUS SERVER are configured in this menu.
Telnet radius is only available in A.04 firmware or later.
SECURITY > RADIUS SERVER > SERVER 1
This is the IP address of the first RADIUS SERVER the unit should attempt to communicate with when
authenticating a Telnet session. Default is 0.0.0.0.
SECURITY > RADIUS SERVER > SERVER 2
This is the IP address of the second RADIUS SERVER the unit should attempt to communicate with when the
primary server does not respond. Default is 0.0.0.0.
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SECURITY > RADIUS SERVER > SERVER 3
This is the IP address of the third RADIUS SERVER the unit should attempt to communicate with when
authenticating a Telnet session. Default is 0.0.0.0.
SECURITY > RADIUS SERVER > UDP PORT
This is the UDP port the unit should use when communicating with the RADIUS SERVER. The default is
1812, which is the commonly used port.
SECURITY > RADIUS SERVER > SECRET
The RADIUS SERVER and unit share this text string. It is used by the RADIUS SERVER to authenticate the unit,
the RADIUS client. The factory default is not to use a secret.
SECURITY > RADIUS SERVER > RETRY COUNT (1-10)
This is the number of times the unit should send a request packet to the RADIUS SERVER without a response
before giving up. If the number of attempts to communicate with the primary server is equal to the retry
count, the second server (if defined) is tried. If the second server does not respond within the retry count,
the third server (if defined) is tried. If the third server does not respond within the retry count, the Telnet
session is not authenticated and is dropped. The default is 5.
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DS0 MAPS
The DS0 MAPS menu allows you to map data and voice ports to the network T1 time slots. You may edit
either of the two maps at any time. If you make changes to the current map, only those DS0s that have
changed will be updated (unchanged DS0s will not be affected). The DS0 menu is shown in Figure 11.
Figure 11. DS0 Maps Menu.
DS0 MAPS > ACTIVE MAP
Activates one of the two dedicated maps (MAP 1 or MAP 2). Default is MAP 1.
DS0 MAPS > APPLY TEMPLATE TO MAP 1
Choices are CURRENT MAP 1, CURRENT MAP 2, and CLEAR MAP. Default is CURRENT MAP 1. CLEAR MAP
clears the entire map.
DS0 MAPS > EDIT/VIEW MAP 1
Define map 1. The map allows the user to assign services and ports to individual DS0s 1-24.
In the default configuration for TDM A.04.XX firmware, DS0 24 is mapped to the router at
64K on MAP 1.
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DS0 MAPS > EDIT/VIEW MAP 1 > DS0
Displays the network T1 time slot to be assigned.
DS0 MAPS > EDIT/VIEW MAP 1 > SERVICE
When you select this option, a list of all of the slots and the modules displays. The first option is OPEN,
which unassigns the slot if selected. Use TA 600R to map network timeslots to the router. Pick the
appropriate SERVICE and press <Enter>. Default is OPEN.
DS0 MAPS > EDIT/VIEW MAP 1 > PORT
When you select this option, a list of ports appears. Pick the appropriate port, and press <Enter>. The
selection list shows only the remaining ports available to be assigned. It may be necessary to unassign a
port in order to reassign it elsewhere.
Once a SERVICE is assigned, the TA 600R port choices are N/A, UNASSIGNED, ROUTER 64K, and ROUTER
56K. Default is N/A.
DS0 MAPS > EDIT/VIEW MAP 1 > RBS
Robbed Bit Signaling. The RBS parameter remains at N/A for the TA 600R, because RBS is not applicable
to data connections.
DS0 MAPS > APPLY TEMPLATE TO MAP 2
Choices are CURRENT MAP 1, CURRENT MAP 2, and CLEAR MAP. Default is CURRENT MAP 2. CLEAR MAP
clears the entire map.
DS0 MAPS > EDIT/VIEW MAP 2
Define map 2. The map allows the user to assign services and ports to individual DS0s 1-24.
DS0 MAPS > EDIT/VIEW MAP 2 > DS0
Displays the network T1 time slot to be assigned.
DS0 MAPS > EDIT/VIEW MAP 2 > SERVICE
When you select this option, a list of all of the slots and the modules displays. The first option is OPEN,
which unassigns the slot if selected. Use TA 600R to map network timeslots to the router. Pick the
appropriate SERVICE and press <Enter>. Default is OPEN.
DS0 MAPS > EDIT/VIEW MAP 2 > PORT
When you select this option, a list of ports appears. Pick the appropriate port and press <Enter>. The
selection list shows only the remaining ports available to be assigned. It may be necessary to unassign a
port in order to reassign it elsewhere.
Once a SERVICE is assigned, the TA 600R port choices are N/A, UNASSIGNED, ROUTER 64K, and ROUTER
56K. Default is N/A.
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DS0 MAPS > EDIT/VIEW MAP 2 > RBS
Robbed Bit Signaling. The RBS parameter remains at N/A for the TA 600R because RBS is not applicable
to data communications.
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Appendix A. Configuring the Unit for Routing
Initial Setup
Before the unit can be configured for routing, the DS0s must be mapped.
DS0 Mapping
DS0 Mapping Instructions
Step
1.
Action
From the Main menu, select DS0 MAPS.
Verify that the ACTIVE MAP is set to either MAP 1 or MAP 2. This is the map that
is actively running on the unit. The unit has the ability to store two maps.
2.
•
To edit the current map, press ENTER on EDIT/VIEW MAP 1 to view the map.
(If Map 1 is the Active Map)
•
To edit the standby map, press ENTER on EDIT/VIEW MAP 2 to view the map.
(If Map 2 is the Active Map)
The T1 line entering the unit is broken up into 24 DS0s or channels. At least
one DS0 needs to be mapped to the router in order to use the unit for routing
purposes.
3.
Scroll down to the DS0 that will be mapped. (Any DS0 can be mapped to the
router.)
4.
Set the SERVICE for the DS0 that you are mapping to TA 600R.
5.
Set the PORT of the DS0 that you are mapping to ROUTER 64K or ROUTER 56K.
6.
Map all the DS0s as desired, and exit this menu by pressing the left arrow
button. Your changes will automatically save when exiting the map.
7.
Make sure the ACTIVE MAP is set to the correct map (the map you want
running) before exiting the DS0 MAPS menu.
Setting up Routing Options
The unit can support IP routing and bridging. These procedures are described on the pages that follow.
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IP Routing
After completing the DS0 mapping, there are three remaining steps required for the unit to be used for IP
Routing: (1) Ethernet Interface Configuration, (2) T1 Interface Configuration, and (3) Default Gateway
Configuration. All of these procedures are described in the pages that follow.
Router Ethernet Interface Setup
Router Ethernet Interface Setup Instructions
Step
120
Action
1
From the Main menu, select ROUTER, select CONFIG, select INTERFACES and
then select ETH [1] SETUP and press ENTER.
2
Press Enter on the PRIMARY IP [+] option to enter primary Ethernet
configuration.
3
Set the IP ADDRESS of the Ethernet port.
4
Set the SUBNET MASK of the Ethernet port.
5
RIP on the Ethernet is disabled by default. If RIP needs to be enabled, press
Enter on RIP [+].
6
Press ENTER on VERSION and select V1 or V2 to activate RIP.
7
Press the down arrow and select the appropriate RIP METHOD, DIRECTION, and
V2 SECRET (where applicable).
8
Press the left arrow key to return to the Ethernet menu showing PRIMARY IP and
SECONDARY IPS.
9
If the unit needs additional secondary IP addresses, press Enter on
SECONDARY IPS [+].The unit supports up to 5 additional LAN segments.
Enter each additional secondary IP address and subnet mask. Press "I" to
insert additional entries.
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Router T1 Interface Setup
Before configuring the Router T1 Interface, choose L2 PROTOCOL and select PPP, FRE, or AUTO. Setup
instructions for the PPP and FRE are described on the following pages. For information on setting the L2
PROTOCOL to AUTO, reference DLP-014, Unit Installation Using The Auto-Config Feature.
Router T1 Interface Setup Instructions when L2 Protocol = PPP
Step
Action
1
From the Main menu, select L2 PROTOCOL and press ENTER.
2
Set the T1 [0] interface protocol to PPP.
3
Press Enter on the CONFIG [+] option. Verify mode is ROUTE IP.
4
Press Enter on the AUTHENTICATION [+] option if you wish to change options
related to how the link is established. Default is TX METHOD = NONE and RX
METHOD = NONE. If TX METHOD and RX METHOD are set to any option other
than NONE, TX/RX USERNAME and PASSWORD options will appear.
5
Left arrow back to the Main menu.
Select router, select CONFIG, select INTERFACES, and select T1 [0] SETUP. Enter
WAN information:
6
•
Far-End IP Address
The far-end WAN IP address from the unit.
•
IP Netmask
The subnet mask for this WAN link
•
Local IP Address
The local WAN IP address for the unit.
The other config items can be left at the defaults.
7
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For NAT configuration, please see the IP Routing with NAT section of this
appendix. On page 123.
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Router T1 Interface Setup Instruction when L2 Protocol = Frame Relay (FRE)
(required if the unit is to be used for Frame Relay IP Routing on the WAN interface)
Step
Action
1
From the Main menu, select L2 PROTOCOL and press ENTER.
2
Set the T1 [0] interface protocol to FRE.
3
Press Enter on the CONFIG [+] option.
4
Set the MAINTENANCE PROTOCOL to ANNEX D (ANSI), ANNEX A (q 933a), LMI,
OR STATIC (no sig).
The MAINTENANCE PROTOCOL should be set based on the Frame Relay
switch.
122
5
Down arrow and press Enter on DLCI MAPPING [+]. Right arrow one time to
create an entry.
6
Set ACTIVE to YES.
7
Set DLCI to the DLCI number.
8
Set mode to ROUTE IP.
9
Left arrow back to the main menu. Select ROUTER, select CONFIG, select
INTERFACES, and select T1 [0] SETUP. Set ACTIVE to YES.
10
Set ADDRESS MODE to USER SPECIFIED and enter a FAR-END IP ADDRESS. This
will force the unit to not use IARP.
11
Enter the IP NETMASK.
12
Enter the LOCAL IP ADDRESS for the unit. The other config items can be left at
the default values.
13
For NAT configuration, please see the IP Routing with NAT section of this
appendix, on page 133.
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Section 4 User Interface Guide
Router T1 Interface Setup Instructions - IP Routing with NAT
Step
Action
1
The NAT menu is found under ROUTER >CONFIG >INTERFACES (T1 [0]) > SETUP.
The NAT menu can be easily accessed by pressing <Ctrl><N>.
The T1 interface will not appear if a DLCI is not entered in the DLCI mapping table (L2
PROTOCOL T1[0]-FRE > CONFIG > DLCI MAPPING) when the L2 Protocol is set to
Frame Relay (FRE).
2
From the NAT menu, set PORT TRANSLATION to ENABLED. (This will enable translation
and populate the corresponding NAT menu options.)
Set PUBLIC IP ADDRESS MODE to either INTERFACE or SPECIFIED.
3
•
INTERFACE is the default and will use the WAN IP address for the NAPT address.
•
SPECIFIED allows you to enter another public address for private addresses to be
translated into.
For basic NAT, this is all of the configuration that needs to be done.
For specific port translations or 1:1 mapping, you can enter TRANSLATION TABLE [+].
4
From the TRANSLATION TABLE menu, create a new entry by using the right arrow to
enter the table.
Create specific NAT translations based on your application.
5
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PUBLIC ADDRESS MODE
NAPT ADDR (Address) or SPECIFIED. Choice of using
the NAPT address or specifying a different public
address to be used for this translation.
PUBLIC ADDRESS MODE
NAPT ADDR (Address) or SPECIFIED. Choice of using
the NAPT address or specifying a different public
address to be used for this translation.
PROTOCOL
Protocol for this translation.
PUBLIC PORT MODE
SPECIFIED or ANY PORT. Choosing SPECIFIED brings up
the PUBLIC PORT and PUBLIC PORT TYPE (read-only)
settings.
PUBLIC PORT
Numeric Public Port number to be translated (e.g., 23,
80).
PUBLIC PORT TYPE
Read-only port type chosen by the user setting of the
PUBLIC PORT option.
PRIVATE ADDRESS MODE
SPECIFIED or ANY INTERNAL. Choosing SPECIFIED brings
up the PRIVATE ADDRESS option.
PRIVATE PORT MODE
SPECIFIED or ANY PORT. Choosing SPECIFIED brings up
the PRIVATE PORT option.
PRIVATE PORT
Numeric Private Port number to be translated to (e.g. 23,
80).
TRANSLATE BODY
YES or NO. If set to YES, this will translate the body of the
data packet and replace the private address with the
NAPT address. Default is NO, which is used for most
applications.
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Default Gateway Setup
In A.04 TDM code, the default gateway is for the entire unit, not just for the Ethernet Port.
Default Gateway Setup Instructions
124
1
From the Main menu, select ROUTER, select CONFIG, and select ROUTES.
2
Press Enter on the DEFAULT GATEWAY and set the corresponding IP address
for the DEFAULT GATEWAY.
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Section 4 User Interface Guide
Appendix B. Configuring the Unit for Bridging
Initial Setup
Before the unit can be configured for bridging, DS0s must be mapped. Reference the DS0 Mapping section
on page 119.
Setting up Bridging Options
If the unit will be used for bridging, continue with the steps below.
Bridging
Bridging is supported by the PPP and Frame Relay protocols. The following procedures describe the
bridging configuration for those two protocols.
PPP Bridging Setup Instructions
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1
From the Main menu, select L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0])>PROTOCOL and select
PPP.
2
Select CONFIG and press <Enter>. Then select MODE and select BRIDGE ALL.
3
Use the left arrow to return to the Main menu; select BRIDGE.
4
The user may confirm that Bridging is activated by selecting CONFIG and
INTERFACES. If the T1[0] interface appears in the list, the Bridging is active on
the WAN link.
5
The time (in minutes) it takes an entry to age out of the Bridge table may be
set by down arrowing to BRIDGE TABLE and then using the right arrow to select
BRIDGE TABLE AGING.
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Frame Relay Bridging Setup Instructions
1
From the Main menu, select L2 PROTOCOL (T1[0])>PROTOCOL and select FRE.
2
Select CONFIG and press <Enter>.
3
Set the MAINTENANCE PROTOCOL TO ANNEX D (ANSI), ANNEX A (q933a), LMI,
or STATIC (NO SIG).
The MAINTENANCE PROTOCOL should be set based on the Frame Relay switch.
126
4
Select DLCI MAPPING and press <Enter>. Then select MODE and select
BRIDGE ALL for all DLCIs which will use bridging.
5
Use the left arrow to return to the Main menu; select BRIDGE.
6
The user may confirm that Bridging is activated by selecting CONFIG and
INTERFACES. If the T1[0] interface appears in the list, the Bridging is active on
the WAN link.
7
The time (in minutes) it takes an entry to age out of the Bridge table may be set
by down arrowing to BRIDGE TABLE and then using the right arrow to select
BRIDGE TABLE AGING.
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DETAIL LEVEL PROCEDURES
DLP-001
Connecting the Terminal or PC to the CRAFT Port .............................................................129
DLP-002
Logging in to the System ......................................................................................................131
DLP-003
Adding/Removing Telnet Users and Changing Password Security Levels ..........................135
DLP-004
Setting Ethernet IP Parameters ...........................................................................................139
DLP-005
Verifying Communications Over an IP LAN .........................................................................141
DLP-006
Telnetting to the Unit ............................................................................................................145
DLP-007
Upgrading the Firmware Using XMODEM ...........................................................................149
DLP-008
Upgrading the Firmware Using TFTP ..................................................................................153
DLP-009
Saving the Current Configuration Using TFTP .....................................................................157
DLP-010
Loading the Current Configuration Using TFTP ...................................................................161
DLP-011
Saving the Current Configuration Using XMODEM .............................................................165
DLP-012
Loading the Current Configuration Using XMODEM ............................................................167
DLP-013
Saving and Loading Text Configuration Using the Terminal Command Line ......................169
DLP-014
Unit Installation Using The Auto-Config Feature ..................................................................173
DLP-015
A.03 to A.04 Firmware Upgrade ...........................................................................................177
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CONNECTING THE TERMINAL OR PC TO THE CRAFT PORT
Introduction
Provisioning is facilitated by a series of intuitive menus that are accessible on a computer screen.
Connecting either a VT100 terminal or a PC emulating a VT100 terminal to the CRAFT port on the rear of
the unit allows access to the menus and management features of the unit. This section specifies how to
connect the VT100 terminal or PC to the unit.
Access to the unit is through the port labeled CRAFT, an RJ-45 connector on the back of the unit. A special
ADTRAN adapter is required for access to this port.
Prerequisite Procedures
The unit must be powered for terminal communication to function.
Tools and Materials Required
•
•
•
VT100 compatible terminal or computer with terminal emulation software
Appropriate cable to connect terminal to the unit (customer-provided)
DB-9 female to RJ-45 female adapter for connecting to the CRAFT port on the rear of the unit. This
adapter is ADTRAN-proprietary and is provided with the unit.
To prevent electrical shock, do not install equipment in a wet location or during a
lightning storm.
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Total Access 600R System Manual
DLP-001
Perform Steps Below in the Order Listed
1. Connect a VT100 terminal to the unit.
•
•
•
Set the parameters of the VT100 terminal to:
– 9600 baud rate
– 8 data bits
– No parity
– 1 stop bit
– No flow control
If the terminal has a parallel setting, disable it and use serial port.
Plug the RJ-45 male end of the data cable into the CRAFT port on the rear of the unit by
using the ADTRAN-proprietary DB-9 to RJ-45 adapter. Make the connection to the VT100
terminal as appropriate for your equipment.
2. Connect a PC emulating a VT100 terminal to the unit.
3. Most personal computers or laptops can run communications software that will emulate a VT100
terminal. Windows programs such as Terminal© or Hyperterminal© are two such examples in the
Windows format. However, there are many other adequate, commercially available software packages
which will allow your PC or laptop to emulate a VT100 terminal. Certain configuration items must be
set on a PC or laptop for it to act as a VT100 terminal for the unit.
•
•
•
Set the PC for direct connect on the appropriate com port (instead of dial-up connection).
Set the parameters of the communications software to:
– 9600 baud rate
– 8 data bits
– No parity
– 1 stop bit
– No flow control
Plug the RJ-45 male end of the data cable into the CRAFT port on the rear of the unit by
using the ADTRAN-proprietary DB-9 to RJ-45 adapter. Make connection to the PC or laptop as appropriate for your equipment.
4. Press <Enter> or <Ctrl + R> until the Login menu appears on screen.
You are now ready to log in to the unit, as described in DLP-002, Logging in to the System.
A VT100 terminal program is provided with the ADTRAN Utilities.
Follow-up Procedures
Once this procedure is complete, return to the procedure which referred you to this DLP and continue with
the tasks indicated there.
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LOGGING IN TO THE SYSTEM
Introduction
Once connected to the unit via either a VT100 terminal or PC configured as a VT100 terminal, it is
necessary to log in to the system to gain access to the management and provisioning functions. This DLP
provides specific steps for logging in to the system and accessing the various management and
provisioning functions.
Prerequisite Procedures
Complete DLP-001, Connecting the Terminal or PC to the CRAFT Port, before logging in to a unit.
Tools and Materials Required
•
•
•
VT100 compatible terminal or computer with terminal emulation software
Appropriate cable to connect terminal to the unit (customer-provided)
DB-9 female to RJ-45 female adapter for connecting to the CRAFT port on the rear of the unit. This
adapter is ADTRAN-proprietary and is provided with the unit.
To prevent electrical shock, do not install equipment in a wet location or during a
lightning storm.
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Total Access 600R System Manual
DLP-002
Perform Steps Below in the Order Listed
1. After connecting to the system, a blank screen will appear.
Pressing any key will display the login screen shown below.
The cursor will blink at the LOGIN field, waiting for a password to be entered.
2. At the LOGIN field, enter the password for the unit.
Passwords are case sensitive. There is not a manufacturer’s password by default. Press <Enter> to
enter the menu.
If a customer forgets the password, they can contact ADTRAN Technical Support at
888-4ADTRAN for instructions on how to access the unit.
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Section 5 DLP-002
3. Upon entering the correct password, the MAIN MENU is displayed as shown below.
You are now logged in to the menu system.
CONTROL L or CONTROL S will return to the login prompt shown in Step 1.
Follow-up Procedures
Once this procedure is complete, return to the procedure which referred you to this DLP and continue with
the tasks indicated there.
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ADDING/REMOVING TELNET USERS AND CHANGING PASSWORD
SECURITY LEVELS
Introduction
All menu items in the unit are protected by passwords of varying security levels. By assigning different
passwords to different security levels, the System Administrator can control which users can view or
change various menu items. You can assign multiple passwords at the same access level. This way,
different users with the same access privileges can have different passwords. This procedure details the
steps which must be performed to add/remove user profiles and assign password security levels in the unit.
Tools and Materials Required
•
•
•
•
•
VT100 compatible terminal or computer with terminal emulation software
Appropriate cable to connect terminal to the unit (customer-provided)
DB-9 female to RJ-45 female adapter for connecting to the CRAFT port on the rear of the unit. This
adapter is ADTRAN-proprietary and is provided with the unit.
Ethernet cable from the 10/100BASET port on the unit to a hub (customer-provided)
Use Ethernet crossover if going from the unit to a PC (customer-provided).
To prevent electrical shock, do not install equipment in a wet location or during a
lightning storm.
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Total Access 600R System Manual
DLP-003
Perform Steps Below in the Order Listed
1. Connect to the unit using either the 10/100BASET or CRAFT interfaces.
If you are not already connected to the unit’s CRAFT interface (either with a
VT100 compatible terminal or with a PC running VT100 emulation software), follow the procedure in
DLP-001 Connecting the Terminal or PC to the CRAFT Port.
Alternately, if the unit is part of a management cluster connected to the local network, you may use a
PC connected to the network to Telnet into the unit. Use the procedures in DLP-004 and DLP-006
to connect to the 10/100BASET interface.
2. Log in to the unit.
Log in to the unit (see DLP-002, Logging in to the System for details).
3. Go to the SYSTEM CONFIG menu and select the MANAGEMENT menu and press <Enter>.
4. Go to the TELNET ACCESS menu and press <Enter>.
5. Go to the AUTHEN METHOD menu and press <Enter>. Select the appropriate authentication method.
The choices are PASSWORD, RADIUS, PASSWORD/RADIUS, and RADIUS/PASSWORD.
6. Go to the USER LIST menu and press <Enter>.
7. To add a new user profile and password, right arrow over to the right pane.
8. Give the new user profile a name by selecting the NAME field, pressing <Enter>, and typing the user
defined name.
9. Personalize the password for the appropriate level by selecting the PASSWORD field, pressing <Enter>,
then typing the desired password. You will have to type the new password again to confirm it.
Passwords for the unit are case sensitive. There is no default password for a new user (i.e., you can
configure a user as blank with no password). The current password displays as a series of asterisks
(********).
10. Select the IDLE TIME (MINS) field and press <Enter>. This field defines the amount of time in minutes
the session may be idle before the user is logged off. The range is 1-255. The default value is 10.
11. Assign the password level by selecting the LEVEL field and choosing from the following level
descriptions.
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Section 5 DLP-003
The unit contains six different password levels. The table below gives a brief description of each level.
Security Level
Description
Full
The user has all access to view and configure all menus (same as logging in to
the CRAFT port).
Support
The user has access to view SYSTEM INFO. The user has privileges to view and
change everything under the SYSTEM CONFIG menu except for the CRAFT port
settings, TELNET ACCESS lists, and the SNMP MANAGEMENT COMMUNITIES. The
user has full access to the SYSTEM UTILITY menu, including the ability to upgrade
firmware and reset the unit. The user has full access to the INTERFACES, L2
PROTOCOL, BRIDGE, ROUTER, and DS0 menus. The user does not have the
ability to set RADIUS SERVER settings under the SECURITY menu.
Config
The same privileges as support, except that the user does not have privileges to
download firmware or configuration from the SYSTEM UTILITY menu. The user
additionally does not have the privilege to reset the unit remotely or enter the
terminal menu.
Router
The user has view-only privileges of SYSTEM INFO. There is no access to the
SYSTEM CONFIG menu. The user has PING and TRACEROUTE access from the
SYSTEM UTILITY menu. The user is limited to Ethernet configuration and status
from the INTERFACES menu. The user has full access to the BRIDGE and ROUTER
menus. Access is limited to filters only from the SECURITY menu.
Status
The user has read access of all menus except for the following: SYSTEM CONFIG/
CRAFT PORT, SYSTEM CONFIG/TELNET ACCESS, SYSTEM CONFIG/SNMP
MANAGEMENT, and SECURITY/ RADIUS SERVER. The user does not have access
to UPGRADE FIRMWARE, UPGRADE CONFIG, PING, or TRACEROUTE menus. The
user cannot reset the unit or enter terminal mode.
In the A.03 firmware, only one Telnet session can be active at a time. The A.04 firmware
will support five simultaneous Telnet sessions.
In the A.03 firmware, the default conditions for the username and password fields are to
have no entries in these fields.
In the A.04 firmware, the default username and password are guest and password,
respectively.
Follow-up Procedures
Once this procedure is complete, return to the procedure which referred you to this DLP and continue with
the tasks indicated there.
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SETTING ETHERNET IP PARAMETERS
Introduction
If the unit is connected to an IP network for Telnet, TFTP, or SNMP management, several IP parameters
must be set for the unit to communicate with the network. These parameters are described in this DLP
along with the procedures for setting them.
Please see your Network Administrator for the proper assignment of the following
parameters: IP ADDRESS, SUBNET MASK, and DEFAULT GATEWAY.
Prerequisite Procedures
This procedure assumes that the unit is connected to an IP network and is powered up.
Tools and Materials Required
•
•
•
•
•
VT100 compatible terminal or computer with terminal emulation software
Appropriate cable to connect terminal to the unit (customer-provided)
DB-9 female to RJ-45 female adapter for connecting to the CRAFT port on the rear of the unit. This
adapter is ADTRAN-proprietary and is provided with the unit.
Ethernet cable from the 10/100BASET port on the unit to a hub (customer-provided)
Use Ethernet crossover if going from the unit to a PC (customer-provided).
To prevent electrical shock, do not install equipment in a wet location or during a
lightning storm.
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Total Access 600R System Manual
DLP-004
Perform Steps Below in the Order Listed
1. Connect the unit to your VT100 system (details found in DLP-001, Connecting the Terminal or PC to
the CRAFT Port).
2. Log in to the system with maximum rights (details for logging in are in DLP-002 and
DLP-003).
3. From the ROUTER/CONFIG/INTERFACES (ETH[1]) menu, select the SETUP option and press <Enter>.
4. Select the PRIMARY IP option and press <Enter>. Select IP ADDRESS and press <Enter>.
Enter the appropriate IP address.
5. From the ROUTER/CONFIG/INTERFACES (ETH[1])/SETUP/PRIMARY IP menu, select the SUBNET MASK
option and press <Enter>.
Enter the appropriate Subnet Mask.
6. From the ROUTER/CONFIG/ROUTES menu, select the DEFAULT GATEWAY option and press <Enter>.
Enter the appropriate Default Gateway.
7. Escape out to the ROUTER menu and log off by pressing <Ctrl + L>.
Follow-up Procedures
Once this procedure is complete, return to the procedure which referred you to this DLP and continue with
the tasks indicated there.
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VERIFYING COMMUNICATIONS OVER AN IP LAN
Introduction
When an ETHERNET port is connected to a local area network (LAN), test steps must be performed on the
unit to ensure that it is communicating properly over the network. This procedure outlines those steps.
Prerequisite Procedures
Before beginning this procedure, the unit should be physically connected to the LAN and the provisioning
tasks detailed in DLP-004, Setting Ethernet IP Parameters should be complete.
Tools and Materials Required
•
•
•
•
•
VT100 compatible terminal or computer with terminal emulation software
Appropriate cable to connect the terminal to the unit (customer-provided)
DB-9 female to RJ-45 female adapter for connecting to the CRAFT port on the rear of the unit. This
adapter is ADTRAN-proprietary and is provided with the unit.
Ethernet cable from the 10/100BASET port on the unit to a hub (customer-provided)
Use Ethernet crossover if going from the unit to a PC (customer-provided).
To prevent electrical shock, do not install equipment in a wet location or during a
lightning storm.
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Total Access 600R System Manual
DLP-005
Perform Steps Below in the Order Listed
1. Ascertain the unit IP address.
If you do not already have the IP Address for the unit, obtain it from the Network Administrator or
manually check for the address in the ROUTER/CONFIG/INTERFACES (ETH[1])/SETUP/PRIMARY
IP/IP ADDRESS menu.
You must log in with a security level of CONFIG, SUPPORT, or FULL to modify the IP
parameters on the unit.
2. Ping the unit from a remote computer on the network.
Using a remote computer system connected to the LAN, perform an ICMP Ping on the IP Address of
the unit. Verify that the unit responds properly.
If the unit fails to respond, try the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Verify that the proper IP Address, Subnet Mask, and Default Gateway are provisioned in the
unit (see DLP-004, Setting Ethernet IP Parameters for details).
Verify that the unit is properly cabled into the LAN and that the Ethernet cable is properly seated in the RJ-45 10/100BASET port on the rear of the unit.
Verify the LAN link light on the front of the unit is lit. If not lit, check the cabling between the
hub and the unit.
If the unit is connected to a hub or other network device that provides a carrier sense light for
each port, verify that the carrier sense light for the port to which the unit is connected is lit. If
this light is not lit, check the cabling between the hub and the unit.
Verify the IP Address, Subnet Mask, and Default Gateway on the remote computer system.
Use Ethernet straight-through cable for connection to hub or switch. Use Ethernet crossover if
connecting to a PC.
If none of these steps are successful, contact the LAN Administrator for assistance.
Refer to the documentation of the computer system if you are unsure how to perform a Ping
command. Most computers running a networked version of Microsoft Windows™ or UNIX
allow a Ping to be performed by simply typing ping <IP Address> at a command line
prompt. Typically, the Ping program will respond by indicating that the remote IP Address
has responded in a certain amount of time or that no response was received.
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Some versions of Ping will continue running until you explicitly tell them to stop. If the
program does not terminate on its own, type <Ctrl+C> to get the program to stop.
3. Telnet to the unit.
From the same computer used in the previous step, Telnet to the unit and verify that the Telnet session
is properly opened (see DLP-006, Telnetting to the Unit). Once the Telnet session is established, press
<Ctrl+L> to log out and close the session.
Refer to the documentation of the computer system if you are unsure how to perform a
Telnet. Most computers running a networked version of Microsoft Windows™ or UNIX
allow a Telnet to be performed by simply typing Telnet <IP Address> at a command line
prompt. Telnet is a utility common on many local area networks that allows remote access
to another computer or piece of equipment.
Follow-up Procedures
Once this procedure is complete, return to the procedure which referred you to this DLP and continue with
the tasks indicated there.
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TELNETTING TO THE UNIT
Introduction
If the unit is part of a management cluster connected to the local network, you may use a PC connected to
the network to Telnet into the unit. This procedure details the steps which must be performed to Telnet into
the unit.
Prerequisite Procedures
Complete DLP-004 and DLP-005 (Steps 1 and 2 only).
Tools and Materials Required
•
•
•
•
•
•
Access to a PC or other computer connected to the LAN.
VT100 compatible terminal or computer with terminal emulation software
Appropriate cable to connect terminal to the unit (customer-provided)
DB-9 female to RJ-45 female adapter for connecting to the CRAFT port on the rear of the unit. This
adapter is ADTRAN-proprietary and is provided with the unit.
Ethernet cable from 10/100BASET port on the unit to a hub (customer-provided)
Use Ethernet crossover if going from the unit to a PC (customer-provided).
The A.03.XX firmware supports one Telnet session at a time. The A.04 firmware supports
five simultaneous Telnet sessions.
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DLP-006
Perform Steps Below in the Order Listed
1. Connect the computer to the unit’s CRAFT port as shown in DLP-001, Connecting the Terminal or PC
to the CRAFT Port.
2. Log in to the unit as shown in DLP-002, Logging in to the System.
3. Select SYSTEM CONFIG, MANAGEMENT, and TELNET ACCESS.
4. Right arrow to AUTHEN METHOD and press <Enter>. Select PASSWORD, RADIUS, PASSWORD/RADIUS, or
RADIUS/PASSWORD and press <Enter>.
5. Verify the TELNET ACCESS is set to ON. Down arrow to select USER LIST and press <Enter>.
The following screen will appear.
6. Use the right arrow key to select the NAME field; press <Enter>. Enter a username to be used for
Telnet logins.
7. If PASSWORD was selected for the AUTHEN METHOD in Step 4, right arrow over to PASSWORD; press
<Enter>. Enter a password to be used for Telnet logins.
8. Use the right arrow key to select IDLE TIME (MINS); press <Enter>. This field defines the amount of time
in minutes the Telnet session may be idle before the user is logged off. The range is 1-255. The
default value is 10 minutes. Enter the appropriate IDLE TIME.
9. Use the right arrow key to select LEVEL. Select the appropriate security level. For security level
definitions, reference DLP-003 Adding/Removing Telnet Users and Changing Password Security
Levels.
10. This completes the addition of one Telnet user. Repeat Steps 1-9 for each user needing Telnet
access.
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11. Press <Ctrl + L> to log out of the unit.
12. From a remote computer system connected to the LAN, Telnet to the unit.
Refer to the documentation of the computer system if you are unsure how to perform a
Telnet. Most computers running a networked version of Microsoft Windows™ or UNIX
allow a Telnet to be performed by simply typing Telnet <IP Address> at a command line
prompt. Telnet is a utility common on many local area networks that allows remote access
to another computer or piece of equipment.
The following screen will appear.
13. Enter the user name assigned in Step 7 and press <Enter>.
The following screen will appear.
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14. Enter the password assigned in Step 7.
Upon entering the correct password, the unit’s Main Menu is displayed as shown below:
You are now Telnetted into the unit’s menu system.
15. When you complete your configuration changes and save the changes (when prompted), press
<Ctrl+L> to log out and close the session.
Follow-up Procedures
Once this procedure is complete, return to the procedure which referred you to this DLP and continue with
the tasks indicated there.
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UPGRADING THE FIRMWARE USING XMODEM
Introduction
The unit supports firmware updates via the 10/100BASET port using either TFTP from a network server or
the CRAFT interface using XMODEM. XMODEM is found in the VT100 terminal application in the
ADTRAN Utilities package and in most PC VT100 communications software packages. This procedure
outlines the steps for a successful firmware upgrade using the CRAFT interface and XMODEM software.
Firmware may be obtained from the ADTRAN website at www.adtran.com. Select Support and then
Post-Sales Technical Support.
Tools and Materials Required
•
•
•
•
VT100 compatible terminal or computer with terminal emulation software
Appropriate cable to connect terminal to the unit (customer-provided)
DB-9 female to RJ-45 female adapter for connecting to the CRAFT port on the rear of the unit. This
adapter is ADTRAN-proprietary and is provided with the unit.
ADTRAN-provided file containing upgraded code
•
XMODEM software
To prevent electrical shock, do not install equipment in a wet location or during a
lightning storm.
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DLP-007
Perform the Steps Below in the Order Listed
1. Connect to the unit using the CRAFT interface.
If you are not already connected to the unit’s CRAFT interface (either with a
VT100 compatible terminal or with a PC running VT100 emulation software), follow the procedure in
DLP-001, Connecting the Terminal or PC to the CRAFT Port. Connecting to the CRAFT interface limits the upgrade procedure to XMODEM Only.
2. Log in to the unit.
Log in to the unit (see DLP-002, Logging in to the System for details).
3. Go to the SYSTEM UTILITY menu and select the UPGRADE FIRMWARE menu; press <Enter>.
4. Go to the TRANSFER METHOD menu and select XMODEM.
5. Select START TRANSFER to start the update. Enter Y to confirm the upgrade.
6. From the terminal emulation software, begin the XMODEM upload by using the appropriate command
sequence. If necessary, refer to the terminal emulation software documentation for help.
Also, when specifying the filename, ensure that the file transferred is the one provided by ADTRAN.
Otherwise, the update will not complete successfully. This may take several minutes.
Because XMODEM data is being transferred in-band through the menu interface, the VT100 menus of
the unit will be inoperable from the CRAFT interface. You can cancel the update at any time within the
terminal emulation software. (Please consult the documentation provided by the terminal emulation
software to determine how to do this.)
7. When the update has successfully completed, the following messages will display:
Verifying downloaded FLASH image...
Erasing FLASH...
Programming FLASH...
FLASH programmed successfully.
The unit will restart immediately, and the user may then log back into the system.
Alternately, if the unit is part of a management cluster connected to the local network, you may use a
PC connected to the network to Telnet into the unit. By utilizing the 10/100BASET port, the unit may
be quickly upgraded using TFTP provided there is a TFTP server on the local network. The unit can
also be upgraded across the WAN using TFTP provided there is a TFTP server accessible to the unit.
The unit ships with ADTRAN Utilities software, which includes a TFTP server. See DLP-008,
Upgrading the Firmware Using TFTP, for more details.
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Follow-up Procedures
Once this procedure is complete, return to the procedure which referred you to this DLP and continue with
the tasks indicated there.
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UPGRADING THE FIRMWARE USING TFTP
Introduction
The unit supports firmware updates via the 10/100BASET Ethernet port using either TFTP from a network
server or the CRAFT interfaces using XMODEM. The unit also supports TFTP updates across the WAN
using the data/router channels. This DLP provides the steps to follow for a successful firmware upgrade
using the 10/100BASET Ethernet port and a TFTP Server.
Tools and Materials Required
•
•
•
•
•
•
A TFTP Server accessible on the local network (a TFTP server is provided with the unit as part of the
ADTRAN Utilities software) or a TFTP server accessible across the WAN
VT100 compatible terminal or computer with terminal emulation software
Appropriate cable to connect terminal to the unit (customer-provided)
DB-9 female to RJ-45 female adapter for connecting to the CRAFT port on the rear of the unit. This
adapter is ADTRAN-proprietary and is shipped with the unit.
Ethernet cable from 10/100BASET port on the unit to a hub (customer-provided)
Use Ethernet crossover if going from the unit to a PC (customer-provided).
To prevent electrical shock, do not install equipment in a wet location or during a
lightning storm.
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DLP-008
Perform Steps Below in the Order Listed
For LAN Upgrades
1. Connect to the unit using the 10/100BASET interface.
If you are not already connected to the unit’s 10/100BASET port using Telnet client software, use the
procedure in DLP-006, Telnetting to the Unit, to connect to the unit.
2. Verify the TFTP server is running on the network. The user may ping the TFTP server from the unit to
verify communication.
A TFTP server ships as part of the ADTRAN utilities. If using ADTRAN utilities, choose
START>PROGRAMS>ADTRAN UTILITIES>TFTP SERVER to start the server.
3. Download the firmware upgrade file to your computer.
If using ADTRAN utilities, save the upgrade file to the “ADTNUTIL” directory on your
hard drive.
4. Go to the SYSTEM UTILITY menu and select the UPDATE FIRMWARE menu; press <Enter>.
5. Go to the TRANSFER METHOD menu and select TFTP.
6. Set the TFTP SERVER ADDRESS to the IP address of the machine running the TFTP server program.
If using ADTRAN utilities, this will be the IP address that appears in the TFTP SERVER
STATUS window.
7. Enter the filename of the update file into the TFTP SERVER FILENAME field.
8. Select START TRANSFER to start the update. Enter Y to confirm the upgrade.
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Prior to the start of the upgrade, the transfer status will display IDLE. During the TFTP upload, various
status messages display in TRANSFER STATUS to indicate progress. The following table describes
these messages.
Message
Meaning
Transferring... [X KB] Indicates communication with the TFTP network server has been
established and the update file is being transferred between the unit and
the TFTP network server.
Flash Programmed
Successfully
The unit has been upgraded successfully.
Loaded code
ver x.x.x
chksum = xxxx
Unit displays the version and checksum of the upgraded code.
Resetting....
Unit is power cycling.
RECV Error
Unit will display this message if server filename is incorrect.
Host Timeout
Unit will display this message if TFTP server address is incorrect.
idle
The upgrade has not yet been initiated.
9. When the update has successfully completed, FLASH PROGRAMMED SUCCESSFULLY will display briefly
in the TRANSFER STATUS field. This will be followed by a LOADED CODE VER X.X.X CHKSUM = XXXX
message. Finally the TRANSFER STATUS field will display RESETTING...
The unit will restart immediately and resume operation. After giving the unit sufficient time to reboot,
the user may Telnet back into the unit and log in.
For WAN Upgrades
1. Telnet into the unit using FULL or SUPPORT levels (refer to DLP-003, Adding/Removing Telnet Users
and Changing Password Security Levels).
2. Verify the TFTP server is running on the network. Verify that the unit can ping the TFTP server.
3. Go to the SYSTEM UTILITY menu and select the UPDATE FIRMWARE menu; press <Enter>.
4. Go to the TRANSFER METHOD menu and select TFTP.
5. Set the TFTP SERVER ADDRESS to the IP address of the machine running the TFTP server program.
If using ADTRAN utilities, this will be the IP address that appears in the TFTP SERVER
STATUS window.
6. Enter the filename of the update file into the TFTP SERVER FILENAME field.
7. Select START TRANSFER to start the update. Enter Y to confirm the upgrade.
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Prior to the start of the upgrade, the transfer status will display IDLE. During the TFTP upload, various
status messages display in TRANSFER STATUS to indicate progress. The following table describes
these messages.
Message
Meaning
Transferring... [X KB] Indicates communication with the TFTP network server has been
established and the update file is being transferred between the unit and
the TFTP network server.
Flash Programmed
Successfully
The unit has been upgraded successfully.
Loaded code
ver x.x.x
chksum = xxxx
Unit displays the version and checksum of the upgraded code.
Resetting....
Unit is power cycling.
RECV Error
Unit will display this message if server filename is incorrect.
Host Timeout
Unit will display this message if TFTP server address is incorrect.
idle
The upgrade has not yet been initiated.
8. When the update has successfully completed, FLASH PROGRAMMED SUCCESSFULLY will display briefly
in the TRANSFER STATUS field. This will be followed by a LOADED CODE VER X.X.X CHKSUM = XXXX
message. Finally the TRANSFER STATUS field will display RESETTING...
The unit will restart immediately and resume operation. After giving the unit sufficient time to reboot,
the user may Telnet back into the unit and log in.
Follow-up Procedures
Once this procedure is complete, return to the procedure which referred you to this DLP and continue with
the tasks indicated there.
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SAVING THE CURRENT CONFIGURATION USING TFTP
Introduction
The unit supports configuration transfers from the unit (via the 10/100BASET Ethernet port) to a TFTP
server located on the network or a TFTP server accessible across the WAN. This DLP provides the steps to
follow for a successful configuration transfer using the 10/100BASET Ethernet port and a TFTP Server.
Tools and Materials Required
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
A PC with a Telnet client software
A TFTP Server accessible on the local network (a TFTP server is provided with the unit as part of the
ADTRAN Utilities software) or a TFTP server accessible across the WAN.
VT100 compatible terminal or computer with terminal emulation software
Appropriate cable to connect terminal to the unit (customer-provided)
DB-9 female to RJ-45 female adapter for connecting to the CRAFT port on the rear of the unit. This
adapter is ADTRAN-proprietary and is shipped with the unit.
Ethernet cable from the 10/100BASET port on the unit to a hub (customer-provided)
Use Ethernet crossover if going from the unit to a PC (customer-provided).
To prevent electrical shock, do not install equipment in a wet location or during a
lightning storm.
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DLP-009
Perform Steps Below in the Order Listed
Saving Configuration using TFTP Server on Local Network
1. Connect to the unit using the 10/100BASET interface.
If you are not already connected to the unit’s 10/100BASET port using Telnet client software, use the
procedure in DLP-006, Telnetting to the Unit, to connect to the unit.
2. Verify the TFTP server is running on the network.
A TFTP server ships as part of the ADTRAN utilities. If using ADTRAN utilities, choose
START>PROGRAMS>ADTRAN UTILITIES>TFTP SERVER to start the server.
3. Go to the SYSTEM UTILITY menu and select the CONFIGURATION TRANSFER menu; press <Enter>.
4. Verify the TRANSFER METHOD is set to TFTP.
5. Set the TFTP SERVER IP ADDRESS to the IP address of the machine running the TFTP Server
Program.
If you are using the ADTRAN TFTP server, the IP address displays in the STATUS field.
For other TFTP servers, please refer to the appropriate documentation.
6. Change TFTP SERVER FILENAME to a unique filename. This will be the name of the configuration file
saved to the remote server. An example filename would be ta_iad.cfg.
Some TFTP servers constrain the format of the filename depending on the operating system of the
server. For example, a TFTP server running on a PC under Windows 3.1 may only permit 8.3 format
filenames (8 characters, period and three extension characters).
7. Select the SAVE CONFIG REMOTELY menu field and press <Enter>.
Enter Y to confirm the request.
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8. View CURRENT TRANSFER STATUS to verify the progress of the current transfer. During a successful
transfer, you will first see DOWNLOAD: COPYING INTERNAL CONFIG, and then DOWNLOAD IN PROGRESS....
9. When the transfer has successfully completed, IDLE displays in the CURRENT TRANSFER STATUS field.
TFTP is not secure. No passwords are required for client access. Anyone can access files
through the IP port on the server machine if they know the target file’s name.
Saving Configuration using TFTP Server Accessible Across the WAN
1. Telnet into the unit using FULL or SUPPORT levels (refer to DLP-003, Adding/Removing Telnet Users
and Changing Password Security Levels).
2. Verify the TFTP server is running on the network. Verify that the unit can ping the TFTP server.
3. Go to the SYSTEM UTILITY menu and select the CONFIGURATION TRANSFER menu; press <Enter>.
4. Verify the TRANSFER METHOD is set to TFTP.
5. Set the TFTP SERVER IP ADDRESS to the IP address of the machine running the TFTP Server
Program.
If you are using the ADTRAN TFTP server, the IP address displays in the STATUS field.
For other TFTP servers, please refer to the appropriate documentation.
6. Change TFTP SERVER FILENAME to a unique filename. This will be the name of the configuration file
saved to the remote server. An example filename would be ta_iad.cfg.
Some TFTP servers constrain the format of the filename depending on the operating system of the
server. For example, a TFTP server running on a PC under Windows 3.1 may only permit 8.3 format
filenames (8 characters, period and three extension characters).
7. Select the SAVE CONFIG REMOTELY menu field and press <Enter>.
Enter Y to confirm the request.
8. View CURRENT TRANSFER STATUS to verify the progress of the current transfer. During a successful
transfer, you will first see DOWNLOAD: COPYING INTERNAL CONFIG, and then DOWNLOAD IN PROGRESS....
9. When the transfer has successfully completed, IDLE displays in the CURRENT TRANSFER STATUS field.
TFTP is not secure. No passwords are required for client access. Anyone can access
files through the IP port on the server machine if they know the target file’s name.
Follow-up Procedures
Once this procedure is complete, return to the procedure which referred you to this DLP and continue with
the tasks indicated there.
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LOADING THE CURRENT CONFIGURATION USING TFTP
Introduction
The unit supports configuration uploads from a unit (via the 10/100BASET Ethernet port) to a TFTP server
located on the network or a TFTP server accessible across the WAN. This DLP provides the steps for a
successful configuration upload using the 10/100BASET Ethernet port and a TFTP server.
Tools and Materials Required
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
A PC with a Telnet client software
A TFTP server accessible on the local network (a TFTP server is provided with the unit as part of the
ADTRAN Utilities software) or a TFTP server accessible across the WAN
VT100 compatible terminal or computer with terminal emulation software
Appropriate cable to connect terminal to the unit (customer-provided)
DB-9 female to RJ-45 female adapter for connecting to the CRAFT port on the rear of the unit. This
adapter is ADTRAN-proprietary and is shipped with the unit.
Ethernet cable from 10/100BASET port on the unit to a hub (customer-provided)
Use Ethernet crossover if going from the unit to a PC (customer-provided).
To prevent electrical shock, do not install equipment in a wet location or during a
lightning storm.
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DLP-010
Perform Steps Below in the Order Listed
Loading Configuration using TFTP Server on Local Network
1. Connect to the unit using the 10/100BASET interface.
If you are not already connected to the unit’s 10/100BASET port using Telnet client software, use the
procedure in DLP-006, Telnetting to the Unit, to connect to the unit.
2. Log in to the unit using a FULL or SUPPORT level password (see DLP-003, Adding/Removing Telnet
Users and Changing Password Security Levels for details).
3. Verify the TFTP server is running on the network.
A TFTP server ships as part of the ADTRAN utilities. If using ADTRAN utilities, choose
START>PROGRAMS>ADTRAN UTILITIES>TFTP SERVER to start the server.
4. Go to the SYSTEM UTILITY menu and select the CONFIGURATION TRANSFER menu; press <Enter>.
5. Verify the TRANSFER METHOD is set to TFTP.
6. Set the TFTP SERVER IP ADDRESS to the IP address of the machine running the TFTP Server
Program.
If you are using the ADTRAN TFTP server, the IP address displays in the STATUS field.
For other TFTP servers, please refer to the appropriate documentation.
7. Change TFTP SERVER FILENAME to a unique filename including path. This will be the name of the
configuration file retrieved from the remote server. An example filename would be ta_iad.cfg.
Some TFTP servers constrain the format of the filename depending on the operating system of the
server. For example, a TFTP server running on a PC under Windows 3.1 may only permit 8.3 format
filenames (8 characters, period and three extension characters).
8. Select the LOAD AND USE CONFIG menu field and press <Enter>.
Enter Y to confirm the request.
9. View CURRENT TRANSFER STATUS to verify the progress of the current upload.
10. When the upload has successfully completed, IDLE displays in the CURRENT TRANSFER STATUS field.
The unit is rebooted immediately after a configuration is successfully loaded. Any online
sessions will be terminated.
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11. After an appropriate length of time, the user may Telnet back into the unit.
TFTP is not secure. No passwords are required for client access. Anyone can access files
through the IP port on the server machine if they know the target file’s name.
Loading Configuration using TFTP Server Accessible Across the WAN
1. Telnet into the unit using FULL or SUPPORT levels (refer to DLP-003, Adding/Removing Telnet Users
and Changing Password Security Levels).
2. Verify the TFTP server is running on the network. Verify that the unit can ping the TFTP server.
3. Go to the SYSTEM UTILITY menu and select the CONFIGURATION TRANSFER menu; then press <Enter>.
4. Verify the TRANSFER METHOD is set to TFTP.
5. Set the TFTP SERVER IP ADDRESS to the IP address of the machine running the TFTP Server
Program.
If you are using the ADTRAN TFTP server, the IP address displays in the STATUS field.
For other TFTP servers, please refer to the appropriate documentation.
6. Change TFTP SERVER FILENAME to a unique filename including path. This will be the name of the
configuration file retrieved from the remote server. An example filename would be ta_iad.cfg.
Some TFTP servers constrain the format of the filename depending on the operating system of the
server. For example, a TFTP server running on a PC under Windows 3.1 may only permit 8.3 format
filenames (8 characters, period and three extension characters).
7. Select the LOAD AND USE CONFIG menu field and press <Enter>.
Enter Y to confirm the request.
8. View CURRENT TRANSFER STATUS to verify the progress of the current upload.
9. When the upload has successfully completed, IDLE displays in the CURRENT TRANSFER STATUS field.
The unit is rebooted immediately after a configuration is successfully loaded. Any online
sessions will be terminated.
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10. After an appropriate length of time, the user may Telnet back into the unit.
TFTP is not secure. No passwords are required for client access. Anyone can access files
through the IP port on the server machine if they know the target file’s name.
Follow-up Procedures
Once this procedure is complete, return to the procedure which referred you to this DLP and continue with
the tasks indicated there.
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SAVING THE CURRENT CONFIGURATION USING XMODEM
Introduction
The unit supports configuration transfers from the unit using a VT100 terminal or terminal emulator (with
XMODEM) and the CRAFT interface. This DLP provides the steps to follow for a successful configuration
transfer using the CRAFT port and XMODEM.
Tools and Materials Required
•
•
VT100 terminal or PC with VT100 terminal emulation software
XMODEM software
To prevent electrical shock, do not install equipment in a wet location or during a
lightning storm.
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DLP-011
Perform Steps Below in the Order Listed
1. Connect to the unit using the RJ-45 CRAFT interface.
If you are not already connected to the unit’s CRAFT interface (either with a VT100 compatible
terminal or with a PC running VT100 emulation software), follow the procedure in DLP-001,
Connecting the Terminal or PC to the CRAFT Port. Connecting to the CRAFT port interface limits the
config transfer procedure to XMODEM only.
2. Log in to the unit. (See DLP-002, Logging in to the System, for details.)
3. Go to the SYSTEM UTILITY menu and select CONFIG TRANSFER menu; press <Enter>.
4. Set the TRANSFER METHOD menu to XMODEM.
5. Select SAVE CONFIG REMOTELY to start the transfers. Enter Y to confirm the transfer and prepare the
unit for the transfer download. The following message is displayed: “This will begin sending a copy
of the current system configuration.”
When the unit is ready to send the configuration file, “XMODEM/CRC: Receive CONFIG file
now...” is displayed in the bottom left corner of the terminal window. While this message is visible the
menus are not available.
6. Configure the VT100 terminal or terminal emulation software to RECEIVE (you are prompted for
filename).
7. From the terminal evaluation software, begin the XMODEM transfer by using the appropriate
command sequence. For Windows HyperTerminal, select TRANSFER>RECEIVE FILE. Enter the filename
(including path) and select XMODEM as the TRANSFER METHOD.
If necessary, refer to the terminal emulation software documentation for help. Also, when specifying
the filename, ensure that the filed save a .cfg extension. Otherwise, the file may not be available for
uploading into the other units.
Because XMODEM data is being transferred in-band through the menu interface, the VT100 menus of
the unit will be inoperable from the CRAFT interface. You can cancel the update at any time within the
terminal emulation software. (Please consult the documentation provided by the terminal emulation
software to determine how to do this).
8. When the transfer has successfully completed, IDLE displays in the CURRENT TRANSFER STATUS field
and UPLOAD COMPLETE displays in the PREVIOUS TRANSFER STATUS field.
Follow-up Procedure
Once this procedure is complete, return to the procedure which referred you to this DLP and continue with
the tasks indicated there.
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LOADING THE CURRENT CONFIGURATION USING XMODEM
Introduction
The unit supports configuration uploads from a unit using a VT100 terminal or terminal emulator (with
XMODEM) and the CRAFT interface. This DLP provides the steps for a successful configuration upload
using the CRAFT port and XMODEM.
Prerequisite Procedures
Obtain the configuration file (see for DLP-011, Loading the Current Configuration Using XMODEM, for
details).
Tools and Materials Required
•
•
VT100 terminal or PC with VT100 terminal emulation software
XMODEM software
To prevent electrical shock, do not install equipment in a wet location or during a
lightning storm.
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DLP-012
Perform Steps Below in the Order Listed
1. Connect to the unit using the RJ-45 CRAFT interface.
If you are not already connected to the unit’s CRAFT interface (either with a
VT100 compatible terminal or with a PC running VT100 emulation software), follow the procedure in
DLP-001, Connecting the Terminal or PC to the CRAFT Port. Connecting to the CRAFT interface
limits the config transfer procedure to XMODEM Only.
2. Log in to the unit. (See DLP-002, Logging in to the System, for details.)
3. Go to the SYSTEM UTILITY menu and select CONFIGURATION TRANSFER menu; press <Enter>
4. Set the TRANSFER METHOD menu to XMODEM.
5. Select LOAD AND USE CONFIG to start the transfer. Enter Y to confirm the transfer and prepare the unit
for the transfer download.
The following message is displayed: “Warning: WAN link may be reset after transfer
complete!”
When the unit is ready to receive the XMODEM configuration file, the menu screen will clear and
display XMODEM/CRC: Transmit CONFIG file now... If this does not appear, please review the
steps above for possible configuration errors.
6. From the terminal emulation software, begin the XMODEM transfer by using the appropriate command
sequence. For Windows HyperTerminal, select TRANSFER>SEND FILE. Enter the filename (including
path) and select XMODEM as the TRANSFER METHOD. Configuration files should have a .cfg extension.
If necessary, refer to the terminal emulation software documentation for help.
Because XMODEM data is being transferred in-band through the menu interface, the VT100 menus of
the unit will be inoperable from the CRAFT interface. You can cancel the update at any time within the
terminal emulation software. (Please consult the documentation provided by the terminal emulation
software to determine how to do this.)
7. After the config transfer is complete, the CONFIG TRANSFER menu will be displayed.
Follow-up Procedures
Once this procedure is complete, return to the procedure which referred you to this DLP and continue with
the tasks indicated there.
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SAVING AND LOADING TEXT CONFIGURATION USING THE TERMINAL
COMMAND LINE
Introduction
The unit has the ability to download a text file which contains the configuration of the entire unit. This
configuration may be altered in a text editor and then uploaded to the unit.
This DLP will explain how to save and load the configuration.
Prerequisite Procedures
You must connect to the unit with a VT100 terminal session (reference DLP-001 and DLP-002) or via a
Telnet session (reference DLP-006, Telnetting to the Unit).
Tools and Materials Required
•
•
•
•
•
•
Access to a PC or other computer connected to the LAN (Telnet access only).
VT100 compatible terminal or computer with terminal emulation software.
Appropriate cable to connect terminal to the unit (customer-provided).
DB-9 female to RJ-45 female adapter for connecting to the CRAFT port on the rear of the unit. This
adapter is ADTRAN-proprietary and is shipped with the unit.
Ethernet cable from the 10/100BASET port on the unit to a hub (customer-provided).
Use Ethernet crossover if going from the unit to a PC (customer-provided).
To prevent electrical shock, do not install equipment in a wet location or during a
lightning storm.
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DLP-013
Perform Steps Below in the Order Listed
Saving the Router's Configuration
1. Establish a connection to the router with the terminal software either through the CRAFT port or via a
Telnet session.
2. From the Main Menu, select SYSTEM UTILITY, then TERMINAL MODE, and then press <Enter>.
3. The following screen will appear.
4. At the terminal prompt, type download and then press <Enter>. The following screen will appear.
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5. Don’t press another key yet!
6. Enable "capture" or "logging" in the terminal software, saving it to a file on your computer.
7. Press the SPACE BAR to continue. The router will then print its configuration to the terminal screen.
(With capture enabled, the terminal software will capture the configuration and write it to the file that
you designated.)
8. When the configuration stops printing, end the capture. The router's configuration is now saved to the
file that you designated.
9. At the terminal prompt, type exit to go back into the configuration menu of the router.
10. Always use <Ctrl + L> to exit the configuration menu before closing the Telnet or terminal software.
Loading a Configuration into the Router
Follow the steps below to upload the text file back into the unit. These text files can be the entire
configuration, or just partial commands that affect specific configuration changes. The uploading steps are
the same, no matter the size of the file.
1. Establish a connection to the router with the terminal software either through the CRAFT port or via a
Telnet session.
2. From the Main Menu, select SYSTEM UTILITY, then TERMINAL MODE, and then press <Enter>.
3. In the terminal software, initiate a SEND TEXT FILE or SEND CFG FILE using the saved configuration
file.
4. Once the file transfer is complete, type save to save the configuration in the unit. Then type exit to go
back into the configuration menu of the router.
5. Always use <Ctrl + L> to exit the configuration menu before closing the Telnet or terminal software.
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Entering Commands at the Command Prompt
To do this manually from the prompt, precede each instruction with a ">". After uploading, to apply and
save changes, you must issue the command "save" from the prompt. The command will apply ALL
changes to the unit (the same as escaping all the way out of the terminal menu). To do a save to flash only,
but not apply the changes, you can go back to the menu system and press <Ctrl + W>. A !exit command
executes a do not save and a do not ask function (i.e., changes will not be saved and the user will not be
prompted to save the changes).
The commands are based on string comparisons with the menu system (with spaces replaced with
underscores). This means that the config command will appear exactly as it appears in the terminal menus.
To change a configuration, type in the option desired exactly as it appears on the menu. For example, to
change the T1 timing mode, the command line would read
>sysconfig t1_timing_mode network
or
>sysconfig t1_timing_mode internal
or
>sysconfig t1_timing_mode dsx-1.
Follow-up Procedures
Once this procedure is complete, return to the procedure which referred you to this DLP and continue with
the tasks indicated there.
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UNIT INSTALLATION USING THE AUTO-CONFIG FEATURE
Introduction
AUTO-CONFIG allows the service provider to gain initial access to a newly installed IAD while in its factory
default state. This eliminates the need for a skilled technician on-site during installation, as it only requires
someone to make the network interface and power connections to the IAD. After accessing the unit, the
service provider remotely loads a configuration script. A fail-safe timer is then set and the configuration is
saved. Next, the service provider reprovisions the network to match the IAD's configuration and accesses
the unit. If the service provider can access the unit, the AUTO-CONFIG was successful, the unit is
operational, and the fail-safe timer should be cancelled. If access is not gained prior to the fail-safe timer
expiration, the fail-safe mechanism is invoked and the IAD returns to the default configuration.
This DLP details the steps involved in an IAD installation using the AUTO-CONFIG feature.
Prerequisite Procedures
The unit must be at factory default. If the unit is not a new unit, factory default the unit by one of the
following methods:
•
•
Select SYSTEM UTILITY>TERMINAL MODE. At the > prompt, type fac. You will then see “Restore Factory
Defaults and Reset Unit? (press 'y').” Press the y key to confirm default. The unit then resets.
If connected to the CRAFT port, power reset the unit and then restore power to the unit while holding
down the F key. You will then be prompted to confirm the factory default.
Obtain the desired configuration file. The config file may be one of the following two formats:
•
A .cfg file which is loaded via TFTP. See DLP-009, Saving the Current Configuration Using TFTP.
•
A script obtained via the terminal mode. See DLP-013 (Saving the Router's Configuration section only).
The service provider's access network Layer 1 must be provisioned to map a single 64K
DS0 from the provider's network to DS0 24 on the customer's T1 circuit with matching
circuit parameters (ESF, B8ZS).
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Tools and Materials Required
•
•
•
•
VT100 compatible terminal or computer with terminal emulation software (only required if unit has to
be factory defaulted)
Appropriate cable to connect terminal to the unit (customer provided, only required if unit has to be
factory defaulted)
DB-9 female to RJ-45 female adapter for connecting to the CRAFT port on the rear of the unit (only
required if unit has to be factory defaulted)
Silver Satin Cable for CRAFT access (P/N 3127004 provided with unit, only required if unit has to be
factory defaulted)
To prevent electrical shock, do not install equipment in a wet location or during a
lightning storm.
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DLP-014
Perform Steps Below in the Order Listed
1. Verify the unit is at factory default.
2. Connect the network interface cable to the NTWK port on the rear of the unit.
3. Power up the unit.
4. The unit begins auto-detecting whether the packets received on the WAN interface are PPP LCP
packets or Frame Relay signaling packets. When the second consecutive control packet of the same
type is received, the unit configures itself for the detected L2 protocol. When the next control packet of
the same type is received, the L2 protocol is confirmed, and the auto-detection of the L2 protocol is
complete.
If PPP is detected:
•
•
The unit's PPP interface is set to accept its IP address from the service provider's peer router via
the PPP IPCP config-NAK mechanism as described in RFC 1332.
The unit automatically sets its default route to the service provider's edge router address as identified by PPP IPCP.
If Frame Relay is detected:
•
•
•
•
The frame relay network signaling is further analyzed to automatically detect the signaling protocol being used (Annex D, Annex A, or LMI).
Next, the unit automatically adds the first indicated Frame Relay PVC as an interface to the IAD
router.
When the PVC becomes active, the unit broadcasts a DHCP request toward the provider edge
router over the active PVC.
When a DHCP response is received, the unit assigns the address indicated by the DHCP server
as its WAN IP address. The address indicated as the gateway address is set as the default gateway. Additional information provided may also be used such as DNS server addresses, WINS
addresses, Domain name, Host name, etc.
5. Once the L2 protocol detection is complete, the service provider can Telnet into the unit using the IP
address assigned by the router/DHCP server.
The service provider's access network Layer 1 must be provisioned to map a single 64K
DS0 from the provider's network to DS0 24 on the customer's T1 circuit with matching
circuit parameters (ESF, B8ZS).
6. Load the desired configuration file. The config file may be one of the following two formats:
•
•
A .cfg file which is loaded via TFTP. See DLP-009, Saving the Current Configuration Using
TFTP.
A script obtained via the terminal mode. See DLP-013 (Saving the Router's Configuration section only).
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7. Set the failsafe timer by selecting SYSTEM UTILITY>TERMINAL MODE and typing fstimer start x, (where
x is in seconds) at the > prompt. Select a value for x which will allow enough time for the service
provider to reconfigure the network to match the unit's new configuration and which will allow an extra
3 to 5 minutes for the unit to sync up with the network.
Set the failsafe timer prior to doing the save. Typing save will apply the configuration
changes, and the unit will not be accessible until the network is reconfigured.
8. Type Save at the > prompt. This applies all configuration changes and the current connection is lost.
9. At this point, the service provider reconfigures the network to match the unit's new configuration.
10. After the network configuration is complete, the service provider attempts to connect to the unit. If the
connection is successful, deactivate the failsafe timer by selecting SYSTEM UTILITY>TERMINAL MODE
and typing fstimer stop at the > prompt.
11. If the connection is not successful, wait until the timer expires and the unit will factory default back to
the AUTO-CONFIG mode. Repeat Steps 4-10 of this DLP.
Follow-up Procedures
Once this procedure is complete, return to the procedure which referred you to this DLP and continue with
the tasks indicated there.
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A.03 TO A.04 FIRMWARE UPGRADE
Introduction
Until now, the Total Access 600R has been running firmware version A.03.xx. Recently, A.04.xx has been
released. The development of A.04.xx code is a significant step in the evolution of the Total Access
product line, as it allows all Total Access family members to share the same base code. This means that
features and fixes are more easily implemented and are propagated across the product line.
The two possible A.03 to A.04 upgrade paths are described in this DLP.
The choice of upgrade path will determine whether the unit's configuration is saved.
Since the A.03 and A.04 firmware loads are significantly different, the text configuration
files for the two revisions are also different. It is recommended that the customer save a
text configuration file for both the A.03 revision (prior to the upgrade) and for the A.04
revision (after completion of the upgrade). Refer to DLP-009 and DLP-011 for further
instructions on how to save the configuration.
To prevent electrical shock, do not install equipment in a wet location or during a
lightning storm.
Prerequisite Procedures
Obtain the A.04 firmware and the A.03.9X (Transition Build) firmware from the ADTRAN website
(http://www.ADTRAN.com).
For the Total Access 600R, select SERVICE/SUPPORT>TECHNICAL SUPPORT>TOTAL
ACCESS PRODUCTS>TOTAL ACCESS 600R>FIRMWARE.
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Tools and Materials Required
•
•
•
178
VT100 compatible terminal or computer with terminal emulation software
Appropriate cable to connect terminal to the unit (customer provided)
DB-9 female to RJ-45 female adapter for connecting to the CRAFT port on the rear of the unit. This
adapter is ADTRAN proprietary and is shipped with the unit.
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DLP-015
Perform Steps Below in the Order Listed
Upgrade From A.03 to A.03.9X (Transition Build) to A.04
1. Upgrade the firmware from A.03 to A.03.9X (Transition Build) firmware. See DLP-007 or DLP-008 for
instructions on how to perform this upgrade.
2. Once the upgrade to A.03.9X is complete, immediately upgrade the unit to A.04. See
DLP-007 or DLP-008 for instructions on how to perform this upgrade.
Upgrading from A.03 to A.03.9X (Transition Build) to A.04 will save the unit's
configuration.
Upgrade From A.03 to A.04 Directly
1. Upgrade the firmware from A.03 to A.04 firmware. See DLP-007 or DLP-008 for instructions on how to
perform this upgrade.
2. The unit must then be factory defaulted: by one of the following methods:
•
Select SYSTEM UTILITY>TERMINAL MODE. At the > prompt, type fac. You will then see “Restore
Factory Defaults and Reset Unit? (press 'y').” Press the y key to confirm default. The unit will
then automatically reset.
• If connected to the CRAFT port, power reset the unit and then restore power to the unit while
holding down the F key. You will then be prompted to confirm the factory default.
3. Reconfigure the unit for the specific application.
Upgrading from A.03 to A.04 directly (or from A.04 to A.03 directly) will erase the unit's
configuration.
Follow-up Procedures
Once this procedure is complete, return to the procedure which referred you to this DLP and continue with
the tasks indicated there.
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ADTRAN UTILITIES
ADTRAN delivers several PC software utilities with the unit. These utilities are located on the CD-ROM
that came with your shipment. They also include MIB files (located in the MIB directory).
Review the readme file (Readme.txt) for the latest information about the utilities.
The utilities make it easier to interface with the terminal menu and transfer configuration files to and from
TFTP servers. The utilities all run on Microsoft Windows 3.1 or higher. The following sections describe
the Telnet, VT100, and TFTP Server utilities.
CONTENTS
Telnet Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182
Session Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182
Edit Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
Options Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Capture Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Help Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
VT100 Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Session Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Edit Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Port Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Options Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Capture Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Help Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
TFTP Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Server Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
Print Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
Status Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
Meter Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
Log Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
FIGURES
Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
Figure 4.
Telnet Menu Tree. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VT100 Menu Tree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TFTP Server Interface Menu Tree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TFTP Server Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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1.
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TELNET UTILITY
The Telnet utility delivered with the unit provides enhancements to standard Telnet programs that make it
easier to work with unit options.
Access the Telnet program remotely through the 10/100BASET Ethernet port. For a detailed description of
how to work with the Telnet program, refer to Navigating the Terminal Menus in the User Interface Guide
section of this manual. If you need help setting up the unit for a Telnet session, refer to the Detailed Level
Procedures section of this manual.
The Telnet menus include SESSION, EDIT, OPTIONS, CAPTURE, and HELP (see the menu tree in Figure 1).
Session
Telnet
Connect
Disconnect
Transfer Cfg
Exit
Edit
Copy
Paste
Options
Colors
Local Echo
Auto Repeat
File
Capture
Buffer Size
Save Buffer As
Screen Capture
Help
Contents
IP Status
About
Host Name
Port
Edit Entry
Add New
Delete
Connect
Background
Bold
Text
Start Cfg Capture
Stop Cfg Capture
Figure 1. Telnet Menu Tree
Session Menu
Click on SESSION to open the Telnet session.
Connect
Opens dialog box for setting HOST NAME and
PORT parameters for a Telnet session. Also lets
you EDIT ENTRY, ADD NEW entry, and DELETE
stored entries. When the parameters are set, click
CONNECT to make the connection. Click CANCEL
to end the session.
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Host Name
Accepts and stores host names. You may enter a name, an IP address, or a domain name directly from
this field. Click on the drop-down arrow to display a complete list of previously stored host names.
PORT
Provides several port options. You may enter port numbers directly into this field to connect to
non-standard ports or select the drop-down combo-box to display the following options:
TELNET
establishes a Telnet session
ECHO
provides a loopback for troubleshooting
DISCARD
bit bucket; discards data
DAYTIME
returns the time
CHARGEN
displays as a unique character stream; used for self-tests
Edit Entry
Changes either the unit name or the IP address of each
host. Press either Tab, Return, or a period (.) after each
number in the IP address to move to the next field. If you
press Return or (.) while the cursor is located in each IP
field, that field entry is deleted.
Add New
Prompts you for the same information as the EDIT ENTRY
dialog box for new host. When enabled, the USE DNS (Domain Name Server) feature allows users to
request DOMAIN LOOK UP via a DNS server on the network rather than specifying an IP address. The
name then appears in the HOST NAME field.
Delete
Removes a host name from the list; simply select the host name you want to remove, and, at the
prompt, click DELETE.
Connect
Establishes the Telnet session.
Disconnect
Terminates the Telnet session.
To re-establish the session, select CONNECT from SESSION MENU or press <ENTER> three times. This
action restores the previous connection.
Transfer Cfg
This feature is used with ADTRAN products primarily for sending configuration files to the unit.
Exit
Ends the Telnet session and closes the Telnet screen.
Edit Menu
Provides COPY and PASTE commands.
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Options Menu
Provides viewing alternatives for the terminal screen.
Colors
Three options change the color of the background window (BACKGROUND), bold highlights (BOLD),
and text (TEXT).
Local Echo
Echoes each character that you enter.
AutoRepeat
Repeats characters you select from the keyboard, if you hold down the key.
Capture Menu
Provides options for capturing screen images.
File
Sends screen options data to a file in the format options listed below:
Start Cfg Capture
Used with the ADTRAN product line to start sending the scrolling screen capture to a file storage
location.
Stop Cfg Capture
Used with the ADTRAN product line to stop sending the scrolling screen capture to a file storage
location.
Buffer Size
Disables terminal window scroll bars when set to zero. This is the normal setting. This number
represents the number of lines to capture in the memory buffer.
Save Buffer As
Save screen capture to a file.
Screen Capture
Copies the text on the current Telnet screen to the clipboard. You can open any word processor and
paste the clipboard contents into the program. This option is helpful when debugging.
Help Menu
Provides on-line help for using the ADTRAN Utilities.
Contents
Opens the on-line help.
IP Status
Displays the local port address and the status of the connection.
About
Displays version and owner information.
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2.
Section 6 ADTRAN Utilities
VT100 UTILITY
Use the VT100 to configure a unit which is directly connected to a PC. The VT100 display is almost
identical to the Telnet display.
For a detailed description of how to work within the terminal menu, refer to Navigating the Terminal
Menus in the User Interface Guide section of this manual. If you need help setting up the unit for a VT100
session, refer to the Detailed Level Procedures section of this manual.
VT100 menus include SESSION, EDIT, PORT, OPTIONS, CAPTURE, and HELP (see the menu tree in Figure 2).
Session
VT100
Connect
Disconnect
File Transfer
Exit
Edit
Copy
Paste
Port
Settings
Options
Refresh Screen
Connect
Colors
Local Echo
Auto Repeat
Capture
Help
File
Buffer Size
Save Buffer As
Screen Capture
XMODEM CRC
ASCII Cfg Files
Send Cfg File
Transmit Wakeup
Transmit Refresh
BackGround
Bold
Text
Start Cfg Capture
Stop Cfg Capture
Contents
About
Figure 2. VT100 Menu Tree
Session Menu
Opens VT100 terminal emulation session.
Connect
Opens a specified serial port for a VT100 session.
Disconnect
Closes a specified serial port at the end of a VT100 session.
File Transfer
Uploads and downloads files to and from the unit.
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XMODEM CRC
Selects the XMODEM file transfer protocol.
ASCII Cfg Files
Selects ASCII transfer mode. Primarily useful for configuration transfers for the ADTRAN products.
Edit Menu
Identical to the Telnet EDIT MENU (see Edit Menu on page 183).
Port Menu
Changes serial COM PORT SETTINGS. Provides data rate settings from
300 - 57600 bps.
Options Menu
Provides terminal screen commands.
Refresh Screen
Redraws the screen.
Connect
Provides the options TRANSMIT WAKEUP and TRANSMIT REFRESH.
Transmit Wakeup
Provides a control sequence that puts the unit CRAFT port online in terminal mode.
Transmit Refresh
Provides a control sequence to refresh the screen automatically when connecting. This is the default
setting.
Colors
Identical to Telnet COLORS Menu (see Colors on page 184).
Local Echo
Echoes each character that you enter.
AutoRepeat
Repeats characters you select from the keyboard if you hold down the key.
Capture Menu
Identical to the Telnet CAPTURE Menu (see Capture Menu on page 184).
Help Menu
Provides on-line help and information about the version number.
Contents
Opens on-line help.
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About
Displays version and owner information.
3.
TFTP SERVER
The TFTP Server utility transfers configuration files to and from a TFTP server. You can install this
program on a PC running any version of Microsoft Windows. The configuration of the unit can be saved
offline as a backup file. The saved file may also be used to send the same configuration to multiple units.
Transfer configuration files using the TFTP protocol (a TCP/IP user protocol) via the 10/100BASET
Ethernet port. The unit must have a valid IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway (if required), and be
connected to an Ethernet network before proceeding. Figure 3 shows the TFTP Sever Interface Menu Tree.
Figure 4 shows the TFTP server interface. For information on transferring and saving configurations using
TFTP, refer to the Detailed Level Procedures section of this manual.
Files must be placed in the Application directory where you installed the product.
Received files are also placed here.
Server
TFTP Server
Print Log
Help
Enable
Disable
Abort
Exit
...to Clipboard
...to Printer
Clear Log
Contents
About
Figure 3. TFTP Server Interface Menu Tree
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Figure 4. TFTP Server Interface
Only one configuration transfer session (upload or download) may be active at a time. The TCP/IP
parameters are not saved or overwritten as part of the unit’s transferred configuration to allow sending
identical configurations to multiple units. When you start this program, a port is automatically opened.
Server Menu
Provides ENABLE, DISABLE, ABORT, and EXIT options.
Enable
Enables the TFTP server. The IP address displays in the Status field and Server Ready displays in the
Log field.
Disable
Disables the TFTP server. When you select this option, the message PORT CLOSED displays in the
Status field and Port Closed displays in the Log field.
Abort
Terminates a transfer that is in progress.
Exit
Terminates active transfers and closes the TFTP window.
Print Log
Provides print options.
...to Clipboard
Copies the information in the Log field to the clipboard. You can then open any word processor and
paste the information into the program for review.
...to Printer
Sends the information in the Log field to the default printer.
Clear Log
Deletes the information stored in the Log field.
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Help
Provides on-line help and version information.
Contents
Opens on-line help.
About
Displays version and owner information.
4.
STATUS FIELD
This field displays general information about port and transfer status. This field is read-only. The unlabeled
field in the center of the screen displays prompts about the status of active transfers, such as bytes
transferred and received.
5.
METER FIELD
The XMIT meter provides a visual record of the transfer process.
6.
LOG FIELD
This field displays a record of all of the events that occur while the TFTP Server is enabled. Use the scroll
bar to move up and down the list. To clear the information in this field, select CLEAR LOG from the PRINT
LOG menu. Save this information to a file before deleting it with the ...TO CLIPBOARD command.
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MIB
This section details the Management Information Bases (MIBs) supported, MIB Compilation Order, Traps
Supported, and MIB Variables supported.
CONTENTS
MIBs Supported by the Total Access 600R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
MIB Compilation Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Traps Supported by the Total Access 600R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
MIB Variables Supported BY the Total Access 600R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
The Total Access 600R supports SNMP Version 2.
As the MIBs are used for multiple Total Access 600 units, various voice options will appear
in SNMP. If a voice option is selected for the 600R, SNMP will return an error.
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1.
Section 7 MIB
MIBs Supported by the Total Access 600R
Standard RFC MIBs:
RFC1573.mi2
IANAifType-MIB
RFC1907.mi2
SNMPv2-MIB
RFC2011.mi2
IP-MIB
RFC2096.mi2
IP-FORWARD-MIB
RFC2115.mi2
FRAME-RELAY-DTE-MIB
RFC2493.mi2
PerfHist-TC-MIB
RFC2494.mi2
DS0-MIB and DS0BUNDLE-MIB
RFC2495.mi2
DS1-MIB
RFC2665.mi2
EtherLike-MIB
RFC2863.mi2
IF-MIB
RFC3201.mi2
CIRCUIT-IF-MIB
Enterprise MIBs:
adtran.mi2
ADTRAN-MIB
adIadSys.mi2
ADTRAN-ADIADSYS-MIB
adIadRtr.mi2
ADTRAN-ADIADROUTER-MIB
SNMPv2-SMI, SNMPv2-TC, SNMPv2-TM, SNMPv2-CONF should be included with the
SNMP manager.
All MIBs for the Total Access 600R are SNMPv2.
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2.
Total Access 600R System Manual
MIB COMPILATION ORDER
IANAifType-MIB
PerfHist-TC-MIB
SNMPv2-MIB (if not included with SNMP manager)
IF-MIB
IP-MIB
IP-FORWARD-MIB
FRAME-RELAY-DTE-MIB
DS1-MIB
DS0-MIB
DS0BUNDLE-MIB
EtherLike-MIB
CIRCUIT-IF-MIB
ADTRAN-MIB
ADTRAN-IADSYS-MIB
ADTRAN-IADROUTER-MIB
3.
TRAPS SUPPORTED BY THE TOTAL ACCESS 600R
From RFC1215-MIB:
coldStart
linkDown
linkUp
authenticationFailure
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From ADTRAN-IADSYS-MIB:
Section 7 MIB
adIadWanDown - 1003203
adIadWanUp - 1003204
adIadBatteryAlarmAct - 1003207
adIadBatteryAlarmDeact - 1003208
(T1 WAN interface only):
adIadDs1RedAlarmON - 1003209
adIadDs1YellowAlarmON - 1003210
adIadDs1BlueAlarmON - 1003211
adIadDs1RedAlarmOFF - 1003212
adIadDs1YellowAlarmOFF - 1003213
adIadDs1BlueAlarmOFF - 1003214
adIadDs1SEF - 1003215
adIadDs1FS - 1003216
adIadDs1CRC - 1003217
adIadDs1LCV - 1003218
adIadDs1SLP - 1003219
4.
MIB VARIABLES SUPPORTED BY THE TOTAL ACCESS 600R
SNMPv2 states the supported MIB variables by the following method:
The unit will have a MIB called TA 6XX.mi2 that will describe the SNMP variables supported. This MIB
will contain an AGENT-CAPABILITIES MODULE that will describe the SNMP variables supported.
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