Cirronet ZN-241GU User`s guide

ZN-241GU
802.15.4 Radio
User’s Guide
3079 Premiere Pkwy, Ste. 140
Duluth, Georgia 30097
www.cirronet.com
+1 678 684-2000
Important Regulatory Information
Cirronet Product FCC ID: HSW-ZN241
IC 4492A-ZN241
Note: This unit has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A
digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is
operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can
radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference
in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at their expense.
FCC s MPE Requirements
Information to user/installer regarding FCC s Maximum Permissible
Exposure (MPE) limits.
Notice to users/installers using the following mobile antennas, with Cirronet RF products:
ZN241 5 dBi and 2 dBi Omni Antennas
The field strength radiated by any one of these antennas, when connected to Cirronet RF
products, may exceed FCC mandated RF exposure limits. FCC rules require professional
installation of these antennas in such a way that the general public will not be closer than
20 cm from the radiating aperture of any of these antennas. End users of these systems
must also be informed that RF exposure limits may be exceeded if personnel come closer
than 20 cm to the apertures of any of these antennas.
Getting Started
The ZN-241GU Starter Kit contains all of the items show below. Before
starting, identify each of the items in your kit.
The ZN-241GU radio is a simple-to-use, simple-to-setup wireless
networking device. With its Auto-Config mode, all that is needed to send
data between two ZN-241Gs is to attach the antennas, connect the
radios to serial ports and plug in the power supplies. Optionally, the ZN241GU can be powered off the USB port. Each step is described below.
Identifying Indicators, Connectors and Ports
1
Attaching the Antenna
The ZN-241GU radio is supplied with a foldable antenna with a screw
type connector. Attach the antenna to the ZN-241GU by threading the
antenna onto the antenna connector on the rear of the ZN-241G, turning
until finger tight. Fold the antenna at a right angle so the antenna is
sticking up above the ZN-241G.
If the folding part of the antenna is not in the right position to stick up
above the ZN-241G, hold onto the knurled bottom of the antenna and
twist the upper part of the antenna until the foldable part of the antenna
sticks up above the ZN-241G. DO NOT TWIST THE ENTIRE ANTENNA
AS THIS MAY DAMAGE THE ANTENNA.
Repeat this step with the other ZN-241G.
2
Connecting the ZN-241GU to a Computer
The ZN-241GU is designed to connect to a USB port of a personal
computer. Using one of the USB cables provided, connect one end to a
USB port on your computer and the other end to the USB connector on
the rear of the ZN-241GU.
3
Applying Power to the ZN-241G
Connect one of the power supplies to one of the ZN-241Gs using the
power supply connector on the rear of the ZN-241G.
Connect the wall-mount end of the power supply to a wall outlet with
either 110VAC or 220VAC. The Power LED on the ZN-241GU will come
on and after a moment the Data LED will blink. The Data LED blinking
means the ZN-241GU is looking for another ZN-241GU to link to.
Repeat this step with the other ZN-241G. After a few seconds, the Link
LEDs on both ZN-241Gs will be lit. This indicates that the two ZN-241Gs
have established a wireless link.
Installing the USB drivers
When the ZN-241GU is attached to the computer and power applied,
your computer will indicate a new device has been found. Follow the
steps of the installation wizard and indicate the drive where you have
inserted the ZN-241G Software & Manuals CD is where the computer
can find the drivers. Complete the installation process before continuing.
Sending and Receiving Data
To send and receive data, a communications program is required. You
will need two PCs, one for each ZN-241GU. Most PCs come with a
communications program called Hyper Terminal. This can be found by
clicking on Start, then All Programs, then Accessories, then
Communications then Hyper Terminal. The following screen will display.
4
When Hyper Terminal starts, it asks you to name the connection. Enter
ZN-241G and click OK.
Hyper Terminal will then ask you how you want to connect. Ignore the
boxes for country code and area code and click on the drop down arrow
on the bottom window labeled Connect Using. Select the serial port to
which you have connected the ZN-241GU (this will usually be COM1) as
shown below.
When you click OK, a window will open up labeled COM1 Properties (or
whatever COM port you selected) with a tab labeled Port Settings as
shown below.
5
In the Bits per Second window, select 38400. Make sure the other
windows show 8, None, 1 and Hardware. Click Apply and then OK.
You will now be at a window labeled ZN-241G-Hyper Terminal.
Verify the Link LEDs on both ZN-241Gs are on steady. On one computer
type characters on the computer keyboard of one computer and verify
they are displayed on the screen of the other computer as shown below.
Repeat this process using the second computer to send characters to
the first computer.
6
Note: If you press the Enter key, Hyper Terminal will move the cursor to
the start of the line but will NOT move it down the screen. Any keys then
typed will overwrite the previously typed characters on that line. This is
the way Hyper Terminal works and is not a problem with the radio. If you
want, consult Hyper Terminal’s Help files on how to have Hyper Terminal
send a line feed when the Enter key is pressed.
Congratulations! You have just set up a wireless network. If you want to
change your network configuration, please refer to the next section which
describes the ZNWizard program. ZNWizard is a Windows-based utility
which makes it simple to setup the ZN-241G.
ZNWizard
ZNWizard can be found on the Software CD. It is an easy to use,
program that allows you to change various radio parameters in a GUI
(graphical user interface) format. Double click on znwizard.exe and the
following screen will appear.
7
Select Comm Port Settings
Click on Connect and the Select Comm Port Settings dialog will display
as shown below. The “OK” after COM1 in the dialog below indicates that
the COM1 port on the computer is available. Ports that are not available
have N/A instead of OK.
The Select Comm Port Settings dialog is pre-loaded with settings the
ZN-241GU has when it ships from the factory. In most instances, simply
clicking OK will allow ZNWizard to find the radio and load the main
program window. If, however, the default settings are incorrect, the radio
will not be found. This screen allows you to connect to the radio using
two methods.
The first is to use the drop down menus to change the default settings for
Comm Port, Baud Rate, Parity and Stop Bits to the correct values.
Obviously, this assumes you know which settings the radio is using. If,
however, those parameters may have been changed and are not known,
a second method is available.
8
The Auto Detect Function
The Auto Detect function works this way. If set to FALSE, once OK is
selected, the program uses the default settings to try to communicate
with the radio. If set to TRUE, the program will begin a systematic
process beginning with the first valid port (COM 1 in most cases) then
will cycle through each combination of settings until a radio is found.
Depending on what values the radio requires, this could take a few
moments. However, once the settings have been found, the Current
Settings window will display the ZN-241GU settings, the Connect button
will change to Disconnect
The Main Program Window
This is the main ZN Wizard program window. On the left side is a
readout of the current settings for the radio. On the right side are radio
parameters that can be modified. The parameters are grouped according
to function.
When a value in a field is grayed out, that means it cannot be changed
due to some other setting that has been selected. For example, if
Network is set to Auto-Config, you are not able to make a selection in
Device Mode since that selection is set automatically in Auto-Config
mode.
9
Configuration Fields
The following table is a description of the Configuration Fields grouped
into the three sections (Network Settings, Radio Comm Settings and
Channel Mask) of the ZNWizard main window. In the center of the dialog
window is a box labeled “Network Settings”. The first drop down menu is
labeled “Network” as shown below.
Network
This setting selects the type of network of ZN241Gs you would like to set up. The three
choices are:
Auto-Config —This is a network with only two
radios (this is called a Point-to-point Network). In
this mode, one of the two radios will
automatically make itself the base radio and the
other will remain a remote. In a point-to-point
network, it doesn’t matter which ZN-241GU is
the base and which is the remote.
Point-to-Point — This is also a network with
only two radios. In this mode, rather than having
the radios decide which will be the base and
which will be the remote, you must set one
radio, and only one radio, to be the base. It
doesn’t matter which radio is set to be the base.
This mode is useful when there are multiple
point-to-point networks in the same area to
make sure the right two radios connect.
Multipoint — This is a network with more than
two radios (this is sometimes called a Point-toMultipoint Network). In this type of network, one
radio and only one radio must be set to be the
base. All of the data sent to the base is
transmitted to all of the other radios in the
network. Data sent to any remote is always
transmitted to the base radio and only the base
radio. Only a radio configured as a Base can be
set to Multipoint. All Remotes in a Multipoint
network must be set to Point-to-point mode.
10
The four other fields under Network Settings are described below.
Device Mode
This is how a radio is set to be a Base or a
Remote radio when either Point-to-Point or
Multipoint mode is selected for the type of
network. Only one radio in a network can be
the base.
Note: If Auto-Config is selected in the
Network setting field, ZNWizard will not let you
set the radio as a Base or Remote.
Network ID
TX Timeout
TX Attempts
The Network ID is a way to make sure that
the right two radios connect when there are
multiple networks of ZN-241Gs in the same
location. In fact, ZN-241GU radios can ONLY
connect with other ZN-241Gs with the same
Network ID. The Network ID can be any
number between 1 and 65,534.
When data is being sent to a ZN-241GU by a
computer or other device, any time there is a
pause in the data as long as the time specified
by TX Timeout, the ZN-241GU will transmit
whatever data it has already received. If there
is no pause in the data being sent to the ZN241G, the radio will wait until it has received
109 bytes of data before transmitting the data.
The default value of 5 milliseconds (5
thousandths of a second) should work for
most applications. This value can range from
5 to 255 (equal to a pause of about ¼
second).
When data is sent wirelessly, it doesn’t always
go through on the first attempt. The ZN241GU automatically retransmits the data
when it doesn’t go through. The ZN-241GU
will try the number of times entered in TX
Attempts. Multipoint mode is a special case. In
multipoint mode, it isn’t possible for the base
to know if all of the remotes got the data. So
when the network type is Multipoint, every
batch of data transmitted will be sent TX
Attempt times, even if it was received by all of
the remotes on earlier attempts. The ZN241GU automatically makes sure that
regardless of how many times the data was
sent, it is sent out the serial port only once.
11
The Radio Comm Settings change the serial port settings on the ZN241G. The dialog box that opens when you first start ZNWizard changes
the settings for your PC but doesn’t change the radio settings. When you
make changes to these settings in the ZN-241G, ZNWizard automatically
changes the settings on your PC so you can still talk to the radio.
Baud
Rate
Parity Bit
Stop Bits
Channel
Mask
This is the speed that the ZN-241GU talks to other devices
through its serial port. You can divide the baud rate by 10 to
find out how many bytes per second data will be sent to and
from the ZN-241G. The baud rate does not change how fast
the ZN-241GU sends data over the air. The ZN-241GU
supports the standard PC baud rates from 4800 to 115,200.
The parity bit is an error-checking bit that can be used to
make sure data is received correctly over the serial port. It
was used frequently in the early days of computers but is
rarely used today.
Stop bits are used in serial communications to indicate
where one byte stops and another begins. It is typically set
to 1 for most serial communications. The ZN-241GU
supports both 1 and 2 stop bits.
The ZN-241GU has 15 different wireless channels it can use
to communicate. The channels in the ZN-241GU are like
channels on a radio or TV station. In order to hear each
other, radios must be “tuned” to the same channel.
Sometimes when other networks of ZN-241Gs are in the
same location, radios on one Network ID might interfere with
radios on another Network ID if they use the same channel.
The Channel Set lets you choose which channel to “tune” to.
The ZN-241GU has a special feature that allows it to
automatically select the best channel to set up the network.
You can let the ZN-241GU pick from one, two, three, up to
all of the 16 channels when selecting the best channel.
When more than one channel is selected, the ZN-241GU will
listen on the first channel selected. If it hears another radio
that is too “loud” it will try another channel until it finds a
channel that is “quiet.” The ZN-241GU will use this “quiet
channel” to set up the network.
12
Advanced Setup
The ZN-241GU is a very capable and flexible radio. The features and
functions described in this manual, while sufficient for most applications,
are only a subset of the complete set. For more advanced applications,
please refer to the Technical Reference Manual on the CD or contact
Cirronet Tech Support (support@cirronet.com).
Specifications/Hardware Requirements
•
Star topology w/limited peer-to-peer capability. 1 base, up to 60 remotes.
•
Single-hop mesh store-and-forward to enable routing around dead spots.
•
Operating Band: 2400-2483.5 MHz
•
Radio Type: Direct Sequence (DTS), IEEE 802.15.4 PHY layer
•
Channel Bit Rate: 250 Kbps
•
Channel Chipping Rate: 2 Mcps
•
Modulation: MSK with Raised Cosine Filtering
•
Certification Type: DTS device per FCC 15.247 and ETS 300-328
•
RF power: +17 dBm typical, +15 dBm minimum
•
Receiver Sensitivity: -98 dBm typical, -95 dBm minimum
•
Link Margin: 110 dB (approximately 3 Km LOS propagation)
•
Adjacent Ch. Rejection: >39 dB with jammer @ 5 MHz offset
•
Spurious Output: Per FCC 15.247 and ETS 300-328
•
Input Voltage: 5.5 volts minimum, 6 volts nominal, 7 volts max
•
Current Consumption: 70 mA typical operating, 180 mA peak (transmit)
•
Operating Temp Range: -40 C to + 70 C
•
Humidity: 95% Non-condensing
•
RF Connector: Reverse SMA
•
Host Connector: USB Type B
M-2400-2003 ZN241G User’s Guide Rev A
13
Warranty
Seller warrants solely to Buyer that the goods delivered hereunder shall be
free from defects in materials and workmanship, when given normal, proper
and intended usage, for twelve (12) months from the date of delivery to
Buyer. Seller agrees to repair or replace at its option and without cost to
Buyer all defective goods sold hereunder, provided that Buyer has given
Seller written notice of such warranty claim within such warranty period. All
goods returned to Seller for repair or replacement must be sent freight
prepaid to Seller’s plant, provided that Buyer first obtain from Seller a Return
Goods Authorization before any such return. Seller shall have no obligation
to make repairs or replacements which are required by normal wear and
tear, or which result, in whole or in part, from catastrophe, fault or negligence
of Buyer, or from improper or unauthorized use of the goods, or use of the
goods in a manner for which they are not designed, or by causes external to
the goods such as, but not limited to, power failure. No suit or action shall
be brought against Seller more than twelve (12) months after the related
cause of action has occurred. Buyer has not relied and shall not rely on any
oral representation regarding the goods sold hereunder, and any oral
representation shall not bind Seller and shall not be a part of any warranty.
THE PROVISIONS OF THE FOREGOING WARRANTY ARE IN LIEU OF
ANY OTHER WARRANTY, WHETHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WRITTEN
OR ORAL (INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OR MERCHANT ABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE).
SELLER’S LIABILITY
ARISING OUT OF THE MANUFACTURE, SALE OR SUPPLYING OF THE
GOODS OR THEIR USE OR DISPOSITION, WHETHER BASED UPON
WARRANTY, CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, SHALL NOT EXCEED
THE ACTUAL PURCHASE PRICE PAID BY BUYER FOR THE GOODS. IN
NO EVENT SHALL SELLER BE LIABLE TO BUYER OR ANY OTHER
PERSON OR ENTITY FOR SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, LOSS OF PROFITS,
LOSS OF DATA OR LOSS OF USE DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE
MANUFACTURE, SALE OR SUPPLYING OF THE GOODS.
THE
FOREGOING WARRANTY EXTENDS TO BUYER ONLY AND SHALL NOT
BE APPLICABLE TO ANY OTHER PERSON OR ENTITY INCLUDING,
WITHOUT LIMITATION, CUSTOMERS OF BUYERS
3079 Premiere Pkwy, Ste. 140
Duluth, Georgia 30097
www.cirronet.com
+1 678 684-2000