Marineland Penguin Power Filter Owner`s manual

LIMITED WARRANTY
Within two years from the date of original purchase,
Marineland Aquarium Products will repair or replace,
at its option, any Penguin BIO-Wheel Power FIlter
which is deemed defective in workmanship or materials.
OWNER’S MANUAL
Please return the unit (postage paid), together with proof
of date of purchase, to:
Marineland Aquarium Products
6100 Condor Drive, Moorpark, CA 93021
Damage or injuries resulting from negligence or misuse are
not covered by this warranty. Incidental or consequential
damages are specifically excluded.* This warranty gives you
specific legal rights.You may also have other rights which
vary from state to state.
* Because some states do not allow the exclusion of incidental
or consequential damages, this exclusion may not apply to you.
UL
®
Penguin Power Filters Systems are
listed by Underwriters Laboratories to
ensure that they meet stringent U.S. and
Canadian safety requirements.
C
UL
®
Marineland, BIO-Wheel, Rite-Size, Black Diamond and Penguin
are trademarks of AQUARIA, Inc.
AQUARIUM PRODUCTS
© 2001 The Aquaria Group
Printed in the U.S.A.
P E N PGO WUE IR N F I L T E R S
B I O - W H E E L
®
4/01 P/N 8360
M I N I
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IMPORTANT SAFEGUARDS
WARNING – To guard against injury, basic safety precautions should be
observed, including the following.
READ AND FOLLOW ALL
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
DANGER – To avoid possible electric shock, special care should be taken in
the use of aquarium equipment. For each of the following situations, do not
attempt repairs yourself; return the appliance to an authorized service facility
for service or discard the appliance.
1. A. If the appliance falls into the water, DON'T reach for it! First unplug
it and then retrieve it. If electrical components of the appliance get wet,
unplug the appliance immediately.
B. If the appliance shows any sign of abnormal water leakage, immediately
unplug from the power source.
C. Carefully examine the appliance after installation. It should not be plugged
in if there is water on parts not intended to be wet.
D. Do not operate any appliance if it has
a damaged cord or plug, or if it is AQUARIUM TANK
malfunctioning or if it is dropped or
damaged in any manner.
APPLIANCE
E. To avoid the possibility of the appliance
plug or receptacle getting wet, position
aquarium stand and tank to one side POWER
of a wall mounted receptacle to prevent SUPPLY
water from dripping onto the receptacle CORD
or plug. A "drip loop", shown in the
DRIP
Figure at right should be arranged LOOP
by the user for each cord connecting an
aquarium appliance to a receptacle.
The "drip loop" is that part of the cord below the level of the receptacle or
the connector, if an extension cord is used, to prevent water traveling along
the cord and coming in contact with the receptacle. If the plug or receptacle
does get wet, DON'T unplug the cord. Disconnect the fuse or circuit breaker
that supplies power to the appliance. Then unplug and examine for presence
of water in the receptacle.
2. Close supervision is necessary when any appliance is used by or near children.
3. To avoid injury, do not contact moving parts or hot parts such as heaters,
reflectors, lamp bulbs, etc.
4. Always unplug an appliance from an outlet when not in use, before
putting on or taking off parts, and before cleaning. Never yank cord to
pull plug from outlet. Grasp the plug and pull to disconnect.
5. Do not use an appliance for other than intended use. The use of attachments
not recommended or sold by the appliance manufacturer may cause an
unsafe condition.
6. Do not install or store the appliance where it will be exposed to the weather
or to temperatures below freezing.
7. Make sure an appliance mounted on a tank is securely installed before
operating it.
8. Read and observe all the important notices on the appliance.
9. If an extension cord is necessary, a cord with a proper rating should be
used. A cord rated for less amperes or watts than the appliance rating
may overheat. Care should be taken to arrange the cord so that it will
not be tripped over or pulled.
10.This appliance has a polarized plug (one blade is wider than the other).
As a safety feature, this plug will fit in a polarized outlet only one way.
If the plug does not fit fully in the outlet, reverse the plug. If it still does
not fit, contact a qualified electrician. Never use with an extension cord
unless plug can be fully inserted. Do not attempt to defeat this safety feature.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
Penguin BIO-Wheel
Power Filters
®
The Difference is Performance
The Rite-Size™ Filter Cartridge supplies both mechanical and
chemical filtration.For mechanical filtration,there’s a polyfiber filter pad
to trap dirt and debris.For chemical filtration,each cartridge is packed
with Black Diamond® Premium Activated Carbon...the best there is.
The patented ribbed cartridge back distributes carbon evenly for full
water-to-carbon contact...no “tea bag”effect,no water bypass.
Biological Filtration is the most critical kind of filtration. It depends
on a culture of beneficial oxygen-breathing bacteria to eliminate
toxic ammonia and nitrite that accumulate in aquarium water.
The bacteria culture biologically changes the ammonia and nitrite into
nitrate, which is removed with a partial water change.
Penguin
Mini
Penguin 125
The patented Penguin BIO-Wheel is the undisputed
best when it comes to biological filtration. Better
than frames or foams or fluidized beds.Better than
UGF’s and other submerged biomedia.Years of continuing laboratory tests and field evaluation prove it.
Superior BIO-Wheel Filtration
Penguin 170
Penguin
330
Perfect for freshwater or marine applications, Penguin BIO-Wheel
Power Filters deliver operational simplicity, easy maintenance, and
superior 3-stage aquarium filtration.
Total 3-Stage Filtration Efficiency
A healthy,successful aquarium requires the proper filtration.Three types
are necessary:
Mechanical Filtration traps solid debris like uneaten food and fish waste.
Chemical Filtration uses media (activated carbon) to adsorb (attract and
hold) dissolved pollutants which can cause discoloration and odor.
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As the BIO-Wheel turns, it contacts water and air...providing the
bacteria with the oxygen they need to grow. Because it is a wet/dry
biological filter, BIO-Wheel provides bacteria with as much as
30,000 times more oxygen than any underwater biological filtration.
More oxygen means more bacteria working many times harder
(and many times faster) to keep your tank ammonia-free and sparkling.
And because of this superior filtration efficiency, BIO-Wheel makes
it possible for you to maintain a greater number of fish in your aquarium.
Superior Convenience
The Penguin BIO-Wheel is easy to install, easy to operate. No
tubing or noisy air pumps are required. The Rite-Size Cartridge
changes in seconds and the BIO-Wheel never clogs, never needs
replacing, requires virtually no maintenance.
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PARTS DIAGRAMS & IDENTIFICATION
REPLACEMENT PARTS LISTS
MODEL 330
KEY
ITEM DESCRIPTION
1
MINI
1 Filter Box Cover
PR1950B
2 Intake Tube with Strainer
PR1701
3 Extension Tube with Strainer*
PR1702
4 Strainer (only) - pkg.2
PR1705
5 Impeller Housing
PR1703
6 Impeller/Magnet Assembly
PR1704
MODELS 125 & 170
MINI
1
7
9
12
12
11
6
10
8
5
11
1
8
8
9
6
6
7
7 BIO-Wheel Bearings - pkg.2
PR1910B
7
10
9
8 BIO-Wheel Bracket
PR1915B
9 BIO-Wheel Assembly
PR1932B
2
10
3
4
10 Filter Box
11 Rite-Size Filter Cartridge (1-pk)
N/A
PA0135
2
2
3
11 Rite-Size Filter Cartridges (3-pk) PA0135-03
4
* Extension tube not included with all models.
5
6
7
REPLACEMENT PARTS LISTS
KEY
PART LISTING
125
170
ASSEMBLY/OPERATIONAL INSTRUCTIONS
330
1
Filter Box Cover
PR1952B
PR1962B
PR1972B
2
Intake Tube with Strainer
PR1254
PR1254
PR2345*
3
1”Extension Tube w/Coupling
N/A
N/A
PA1240
4
3
/4”Strainer (only) – Qty. 2
PR1705
PR1705
N/A
5
1”Strainer (only)
N/A
N/A
PA1241
6
Impeller Housing
PR1246
PR1247
PR2350
7
Impeller/Magnet Assembly
PR1258
PR1258
PR2355
8
BIO-Wheel Bearings – Qty. 2
PR1910B
PR1910B
PR1910B
9
BIO-Wheel Bracket
PR1920B
PR1925B
PR1930B
10 BIO-Wheel Assembly
PR1935B
PR1940B
PR1945B
11 Media Basket
N/A
N/A
PR2360
12 Rite-Size Filter Cartridge - 1pk.
PA0132
PA0133
PA0133
12 Rite-Size Filter Cartridge - 3pk.
PA0132-03 PA0133-03 PA0133-03
* Strainer sold separately.
CUSTOMER SERVICE INFORMATION
For additional assistance or to order parts direct,you may call the Customer
Service Department at (800) 322-1266,Monday - Friday from 8am - 5pm (Pacific
Time).Please have your manual and MasterCard or VISA ready when ordering.
NOTE: Rite-Size Filter Cartridges are not sold as replacement parts.They may
be purchased from your local Marineland retail outlet in single or 3-packs.
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NOTE: Assembly/Operational and Maintenance instructions
for the Penguin Mini, 125, 170 and 330 BIO-Wheel
Power Filters are virtually identical. For this reason,
and in the interest of avoiding confusion, the sections
that follow primarily feature illustrations for the
Penguin Mini and 125/170 models. In those instances
where steps provided are not applicable to all Penguin
Power Filters, separate illustrations and directives will
be included under the heading “Model 330 Only.”
Most parts are preassembled and do not require disassembly
prior to installation. We recommend that you read the Maintenance
section that follows to familiarize yourself with the overall
operation of the Penguin BIO-Wheel Power Filter.
STEP 1: POSITION FILTER BOX
Inspect filter for any visible signs
of shipping damage and verify that
Magnetic Impeller Assembly and
Impeller Housing are properly
seated (all the way down) in
Filter Box (Fig. 1). Hang Filter
Box in desired location on back
of aquarium.
MODEL 330 ONLY
Impeller Housing for BIO-Wheel
330 slides between and is held in
place by two Rail Grooves (Fig. 2)
Impeller
Housing
Magnetic
Impeller
Assembly
Filter Box
FIGURE 1
Impeller
Housing
Rail Grooves
Impeller
Assembly
Filter Box
FIGURE 2
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STEP 2: INSTALL RITE SIZE CARTRIDGE(S)
Rinse Rite-Size Filter Cartridge
under cold water to remove carbon
dust. Shake cartridge horizontally.
This helps to distribute carbon
evenly for maximum water/carbon
contact. Slide cartridge into channels
in Filter Box (narrow side down, black
side facing aquarium, Fig 3).
Rite-Size
Filter
Cartridge
Filter
Box
FIGURE 3
MODEL 330 ONLY
Fill Media Baskets with filter media of
choice. Slide Media Baskets down into
filter box behind cartridges (Fig. 4)
Filter
Box
FIGURE 4
STEP 3: INSTALL INTAKE TUBE
Press Strainer onto long end of Intake Tube - or Extension
Tube, if used (Fig 5).
NOTE: Strainer should rest at least one inch above surface
of gravel. If necessary, tube may be cut to allow this.
Position tube in Guide on front of filter as shown. Insert short
end all the way down into Impeller Housing. If Intake Tube is not
seated all the way down, flow will not start.
Intake Tube
BIO-Wheel
Make sure that each Bearing
is seated snugly into its Bracket
and that BIO-Wheel rotates
freely (Fig. 6).
Bracket
STEP 5: START FILTER
Fill Filter Box with water until Impeller Housing is completely
submerged. Plug power cord into standard household receptacle.
It will take approximately 45 seconds for water to achieve full
flow. Place Filter Box Cover on filter.
IMPORTANT NOTE: Never allow a Penguin Power Filter to operate
without water.
Once you have started your filter, take a moment to observe
BIO-Wheel rotation. It may rotate irregularly. Eventually it will
pause or develop a “hitch.”All this is normal. A BIO-Wheel rotating
at any speed is removing ammonia and nitrite.There is no reason
to replace a BIO-Wheel unless it is damaged. If your BIO-Wheel
fails to rotate or stops completely, consult the Troubleshooting
section of this manual.
Guide
Strainer
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STEP 4: INSPECT BIO-WHEEL
FIGURE 6
Media
Basket
MODEL 330 and MINI ONLY
Intake Tube adjusts up to reduce flow rate
during feeding, if desired.To ensure proper
startup, Intake Tube should be positioned
all the way down for maximum flow.
Bearings
FIGURE 5
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MAINTENANCE
C
A
U
T
I
O
N
NEVER
submerge Filter Box in water.
NEVER
use soap, detergents or any non-recommended
cleaning agents on or around filter.
ALWAYS
rinse parts with cold water after cleaning.
ALWAYS
unplug Penguin Power Filter before
performing maintenance.
Proper filter maintenance begins with frequent visual inspections
to ensure normal operation and non-stressful conditions for fish.
Basic aquarium maintenance includes monthly 25% water changes
and gravel cleaning, as well as regular (once a month, minimum)
media replacement. Significantly reduced water flow (a sure
sign of clogging media), excessive mechanical or water noise,
cloudy and/or bad smelling water all require immediate attention.
NOTE: Water added to your aquarium should always be treated
(dechlorinated). Chlorine neutralizers are available at your
local pet outlet.
We recommend the following complete maintenance procedure
for the BIO-Wheel Power Filter as needed (at least every month):
Before you begin, unplug your Penguin Power Filter.
1. Remove Cover.
2. Carefully remove BIO-Wheel and Bracket. If calcium deposit
buildup around Bearings and Brackets interferes with rotation,
carefully remove BIO-Wheel from Bracket and gently brush
bearing and axle area clean.To avoid disturbing beneficial bacteria
culture, handle a BIO-Wheel by the End Caps and/or Axle.
Any algae, mineral or other buildup that hinder rotation can
be eliminated with a gentle rinse in room temperature water.
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FIGURE 7
NOTE: Bearings can fall off axle. Before
cleaning, remove bearings and put
them aside. For your convenience,
we have included two spare Bearings
located on the underside of the Filter
Box Cover (Fig. 7)
Spare Bearings under
Filter Box Cover
IMPORTANT: The BIO-Wheel should not be tampered with
or disassembled. Discoloration of pleated BIO-Wheel material
is normal and desirable. NEVER CLEAN THE BIO-WHEEL.
If the BIO-Wheel becomes so heavily cultured that it no
longer rotates, you can gently rinse the surface in order to
remove the heaviest buildup. Use treated (dechorinated), room
temperature tap water only. As long as a BIO-Wheel is not
damaged, it does not need to be replaced.
3. Set BIO-Wheel and Bracket aside.
4. Remove and discard used Rite-Size Cartridge(s).
MODEL 330 ONLY
Remove BIO-Baskets. Replace media.
5. Remove Intake Tube and clean
inside with a flexible filter brush
(Fig. 8).We recommend the
Marineland Flexi-Brush available at your aquarium store.
Intake
Tube
Marineland
Flexi-Brush
6. Lift Filter Box from back
of aquarium.
FIGURE 8
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7. Carefully remove Magnetic Impeller
Assembly and Impeller Housing (Fig.9).
Separate and clean Impeller Assembly
with cleaning brush (not included).
Rinse thoroughly with cold water.
Inspect Impeller Assembly and purchase
new part if excessive wear or damage is
evident.Wipe down inside and outside
surface of Filter Box with a clean cloth.
Rinse with cold water. Reinstall parts.
Impeller
Housing
Magnetic
Impeller
Assembly
MAINTENANCE LOG
Clean equipment works best. Regular care keeps
your unit operating at peak efficiency. Record the
maintenance performed and the date below.
MAINTENANCE
DATE
MAINTENANCE
DATE
FIGURE 9
8. Install new Rite-Size Filter Cartridge.
MODEL 330 ONLY
Reinstall Media Baskets and install new Rite-Size Cartridges.
When filtered through a clean cartridge,
water returns to the aquarium via the
BIO-Wheel Spillway (Fig. 10a).
Proper water
flow.
BIO-Wheel
Spillway
As dirt collects on the filter cartridge,
the cartridge gradually becomes clogged
FIGURE
10a
and water flow slows.Water begins to
flow from the area around the Intake Tube
(Fig.10b).When this occurs, the cartridge
Improper water
Intake Tube
flow. Time for a
cartridge change.
FIGURE 10b needs to be replaced.
NOTE: Carbon loses its effectiveness over time depending on fish
population, waste load and aquarium conditions. For optimum
aquarium filtration, genuine Marineland Rite-Size Filter Cartridges are your ideal choice.Unlike other limited-capacity cartridges
that may contain inferior carbon substitutions, Rite-Size
Cartridges contain Black Diamond100% unmixed, superior grade
activated filter carbon...the perfect filter media for all aquariums.
9. Replace BIO-Wheel Assembly and Bracket. Reinstall Power
Filter on aquarium and restart. Check water flow and
BIO-Wheel rotation. Replace cover.
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TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDELINES
IMPORTANT: Always unplug your Penguin Power Filter when
inspecting or disassembling for any reason.
If filter fails
to pump
water or
flow has
slowed...
Make certain the outlet has power and is functioning
properly by first unplugging electrical cord momentarily,
then reconnecting to power source to restart the
Impeller.
Check to make sure that Impeller Housing is firmly
seated in Filter Box and that water is at correct level.
If air does
not evacuate
from
system...
If BIO-Wheel
splashes
and/or makes
excessive
water noise...
Remove Impeller Housing and make sure the
Impeller Assembly is free to rotate.A particle
of carbon or gravel may be interfering.
Inspect aquarium water level. Maintain at 1/2 inch
below frame.
Clean inside of Intake Tube with flexible filter brush.
IF BIO-Wheel
fails to
move or
stops...
Check for cracks in Intake Tube and replace if defective.
Consult Parts List for correct part number.
Allow 24-28 hours for “breaking in”period. Material
in a BIO-Wheel is not fully absorptive when new.
Check aquarium water level. Lower than normal
levels can result in excessive splash or noise.
Don't panic. Irregular rotation, including brief
pauses, is normal.
Inspect BIO-Wheel bearings and axle for dirt or mineral
deposits. If evident, clean these areas carefully.
Make sure all parts are installed properly and that there
are no obvious obstructions to free rotation.
Perform regular Filter maintenance.
If filter
makes
excessive
mechanical
noise...
Make sure that Impeller Housing is firmly seated
in Filter Box and that water is at correct level.
Remove Impeller Housing and make sure the
Impeller Assembly is free to rotate.A particle
of carbon or gravel may be interfering.
Replace worn Impeller Housing or worn Impeller
Assembly. Consult Parts List for correct part number.
Marineland Customer Service:
800-322-1266
Monday - Friday, 8am - 5pm (Pacific time)
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