Reliable Single Interlock Preaction System Technical data

Bulletin 700
INTRODUCTION
This manual has been prepared by The Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Co., Inc. to provide a comprehensive source of
information that will help users select and purchase Deluge, Preaction, and Low Pressure Dry Systems for a wide variety
of fire protection applications. This manual is complemented by other Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company bulletins
that provide instructions for installation, operation and maintenance of the various systems.
Referencing the Table of Contents, Section 1 of this manual describes different types of special systems and provides
guidance on selection and application. Section 2 provides technical data on the components manufactured and/or distributed by Reliable for use in special systems, and Section 3 provides a work sheet to simplify ordering procedures for
the systems described in the manual.
Our objective is that users of this bulletin find the information beneficial and arranged in a user-friendly manner. Responsibility for the actual design and installation of any fire sprinkler system rests with the engineer of record, certified layout
technician and/or the Authority Having Jurisdiction.
Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Co., Inc., 103 Fairview Park Drive, Elmsford, New York 10523
Bulletin 700
Special Hazards
and
Special Systems
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.SYSTEM DESCRIPTIONS
2.3 Pneumatic Pressure Supply Equipment
2.3.1 Air Compressor Panel
2.3.2 Air Compressor
2.3.3 Compressed Nitrogen
2.3.4 Nitrogen Generator
2.4 Pressure Maintenance Equipment
2.4.1 Model A-2 Pressure Maintenance
Device
2.4.2 Model B-1 Air Maintenance Device
2.4.3 NS-Pak
2.4.4 Nitrogen Regulation Device
2.5 Pneumatic Pressure Supervision
2.5.1 Model EPS40 Pressure Switch
2.5.2 Model EPS10 Pressure Switch
2.6 Quick-Opening Device
2.6.1 Reliable Model B-1 Accelerator with
Trim for DDX Deluge Valve
2.7 Alarm Devices
2.7.1 Model C Mechanical Alarm
2.7.2 EPS10 Pressure Switch
2.7.3 Electric Bell
1.1 Deluge Systems
1.1.1 Model DDX Wet Pilot Line Trim
1.1.2 Model DDX Dry Pilot Line Trim
1.1.3 Model DDX Electric Actuation Trim
1.1.4 Model H Deluge Riser Assembly
1.2 Single Interlock Preaction Systems
1.2.1 Model DDX Wet Pilot Line Single
Interlock
1.2.2 Model DDX Dry Pilot Line Single
Interlock
1.2.3 Model DDX Electric Actuation Single
Interlock
1.2.4 Model H Single Interlock Preaction
System
1.3 Double Interlock Preaction Systems
1.3.1 Model DDX Type D
1.3.2 Model DDX Type F
1.3.3 Model DDX Type PL
1.3.4 Model H Type D
1.4 Non Interlock Preaction System
1.5 Low Pressure Dry System
1.6 PrePak & DryPak
3.SPECIAL SYSTEM WORKSHEET
2.COMPONENT DESCRIPTIONS
2.1 Main System Control Valves
2.1.1 Model H
2.1.2 Model DDX
2.2 Releasing Devices
2.2.1 Sprinklers
2.2.2 Pilot Line Detectors
2.2.3 Solenoid Valve
2.2.4 Dry Pilot Actuator
2.2.5 Manual Release
2.
1. SYSTEM DESCRIPTIONS
1.1 Deluge Systems
A deluge system utilizes open sprinklers or nozzles and non-pressurized system piping. When a deluge
system is activated, all sprinklers or nozzles on that system flow water at the same time. Deluge systems are
generally associated with high hazard occupancies that require large volumes of water. Examples include exposure protection, materials having high rates of heat release, conveyors, water curtains, fuel storage tanks,
electrical transformers, aircraft hangars, and chemical plants. Deluge systems require an automatic detection
system and/or manual releasing system which operates independently from the sprinkler system. A deluge
system is capable of applying water to a fire more quickly than a system utilizing temperature sensitive closed
sprinklers.
Figure 1
3.
1.1.1 Model DDX Wet Pilot Line Trim
A wet pilot line is a non-electrical type of detection/release system that can be used in conditioned
(i.e. freeze protected) areas. Closed sprinklers or fixed-temperature-release pilot line detectors are
installed throughout the protected area on small diameter piping that contains water under pressure.
The wet pilot line is an extension of the Model DDX Deluge Valve push-rod chamber. Upon activation of
a pilot line sprinkler or pilot line detector, pressure is released from the pilot line and push-rod chamber
allowing the Model DDX Deluge Valve to open and deliver water to the open sprinklers, nozzles, or
other discharge devices in the protected area. Alarm devices are activated upon the flow of water into
the sprinkler system piping. Wet pilot trim is the basis on which dry pilot line and electrical actuation
systems are built; additional components are added to the wet pilot trim for each of these systems. It
is important to note that the length and height of wet pilot lines may be limited by the available system
water pressure (see bulletins referenced below).
Approvals and technical data for Model DDX wet pilot deluge systems can be found on Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletins 516 through 519.
Figure 2
4.
1.1.2 Model DDX Dry Pilot Line Trim
Where freezing conditions exist, or where height/distance limits of wet pilot lines are exceeded, a dry
pilot line can be used. Closed sprinklers or fixed-temperature-release pilot line detectors are installed
throughout the protected area on small diameter piping that contains pressurized air or nitrogen. A
Model LP Dry Pilot Actuator is installed on the outlet of the Model DDX Deluge Valve push-rod chamber. This device provides a separation between the hydraulically pressurized push-rod chamber and
the pneumatically pressurized pilot line. The dry pilot line is a pneumatic extension of the push-rod
chamber pressurizing piping. Upon activation of a pilot line sprinkler or pilot line detector, pneumatic
pressure is released from the piping allowing the dry pilot actuator to vent and release hydraulic pressure from the push-rod chamber. This allows the Model DDX Deluge Valve to open and deliver water to
the open sprinklers, nozzles, or other discharge devices in the protected area. Alarm devices are activated upon the flow of water into the sprinkler system piping. Pneumatic pressure in the dry pilot line
can be provided from a tank-mounted compressor, plant air system, or nitrogen cylinders, and must be
maintained by a Reliable Model A-2 listed pressure maintenance device. To prevent accidental system
activation, pneumatic pressure is monitored by a pressure switch* that will initiate a signal in the event
of low pressure due to sprinkler damage, pipe damage, or failure of the compressed gas system.
*Note: System Sensor Model EPS 40-2 pressure switch is provided with the dry pilot trim.
Approvals and technical data for Model DDX dry pilot deluge systems can be found on Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletins 516 through 519.
Figure 3
5.
1.1.3 Model DDX Electrical Actuation Trim
Where electrical actuation of the system is preferred over wet or dry pilot lines, or where otherwise required by project specifications, a listed normally-closed (de-energized) solenoid valve is installed on
the outlet of the Model DDX Deluge Valve push-rod chamber. The solenoid provides a separation between the hydraulically pressurized push-rod chamber and atmospheric pressure drain tubing. Upon
receipt of a signal from the electric detection system, the release panel opens (energizes) the solenoid
valve. Pressure is released from the push-rod chamber allowing the Model DDX Deluge Valve to open
and deliver water to the open sprinklers, nozzles, or other discharge devices in the protected area.
Alarm devices are activated upon the flow of water into the sprinkler system piping.
Approvals and technical data for Model DDX electrical actuation deluge systems can be found on Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletins 516 through 519.
Figure 4
6.
1.1.4 Model H Deluge Riser Assembly
The Reliable Model H 1-1/2” (40mm) Deluge Riser Assembly is an electrically actuated system that
utilizes a normally closed, quick-opening hydraulically-operated diaphragm actuated solenoid as the
main system control valve. In the normal condition (de-energized), water pressure is held at the solenoid valve inlet. Upon receipt of a signal from the electric detection system, the release panel opens
(energizes) the solenoid valve allowing water to flow to open sprinklers, nozzles, or other discharge
devices in the protected area. Alarm devices are activated by the System Sensor Model EPS 10-1 pressure switch (provided with assembly) upon the flow of water into the sprinkler system piping.
Approvals and technical data for the Model H Deluge Riser Assembly can be found on Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletin 507.
Figure 5
7.
1.2 Single Interlock Preaction Systems
A single interlock preaction system is best described as a dry pipe system that is converted to a wet pipe
system prior to activation of the sprinklers. Unlike deluge systems, preaction systems utilize closed sprinklers
and piping. The closed sprinklers operate individually as needed following the actuation of the main system
control valve. Similar to deluge systems, the single interlock preaction system requires a supplemental detection/release system that operates independently of the sprinkler system. Single interlock preaction systems
are generally installed to protect water sensitive environments such as computer server rooms, museums,
and hospital operating suites where the inadvertent release of water from a broken sprinkler may result in serious damage to the contents of the area. Single interlock preaction systems are not subject to the design penalties of dry systems (30% hydraulic remote area increase*, hydraulic calculation C factor of 100, and specific
water delivery requirements), and are therefore appropriate replacements for conventional dry pipe systems.
Single interlock preaction system piping is generally pressurized with air or nitrogen, and is monitored by a
pressure switch that will notify the owner in the event of falling pressure due to sprinkler or pipe damage, or
failure of the compressed gas system. Loss of pneumatic pressure in a single interlock preaction system will
NOT result in actuation of the main system control valve. Operation of the main system control valve occurs
only upon activation of the wet pilot, dry pilot, or electrical release system.
*Note: 30% hydraulic remote area increase is required for preaction systems protecting storage occupancies
governed by Chapter 12 of NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems.
Figure 6
8.
1.2.1 Model DDX Wet Pilot Line Single Interlock
A wet pilot line is a non-electrical type of detection/release system that can be used in conditioned (i.e.
freeze protected) areas. Closed sprinklers or fixed-temperature-release pilot line detectors are installed
throughout the protected area on small diameter piping that contains water under pressure. The wet
pilot line is an extension of the Model DDX Deluge Valve push-rod chamber. Upon activation of a pilot
line sprinkler or pilot line detector, pressure is released from the pilot line and push-rod chamber allowing the Model DDX Deluge Valve to open and fill the system piping in the protected area. Please note
that water will discharge from the pilot line sprinkler or detector(s) upon activation. Alarm devices are
activated upon the flow of water into the sprinkler system piping. In the event the fire continues to grow,
individual fire sprinklers in the protected area will be activated similar to a wet pipe system. Wet pilot
trim is the basis on which dry pilot line and electrical actuation systems are built; additional components are added to the wet pilot trim for each of these systems. It is important to note that the length and
height of wet pilot lines may be limited by the available system water pressure (see bulletins referenced
below). For supervised systems (required when there are more than 20 sprinklers), pneumatic pressure
can be provided from a tank mounted compressor, plant air system, or nitrogen cylinders, and must
be maintained by a listed pressure maintenance device such as the Reliable Model A-2. Pneumatic
pressure is monitored by a pressure switch that will initiate a signal in the event of falling pressure due
to sprinkler damage, pipe damage, or failure of the compressed gas system. The Reliable Model B-SI
and Model C-SI Air Compressor Panels are specifically designed for single interlock preaction systems
up to 200 gallon capacity and incorporate an air compressor, regulator, pressure switch, and output
relays in a convenient wall mount cabinet (see section 2.3.1).
Approvals and technical data for Model DDX wet pilot line single interlock preaction systems can be
found on Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletin 749.
Figure 7
9.
1.2.2 Model DDX Dry Pilot Line Single Interlock
Where freezing conditions exist, or where height/distance limits of wet pilot lines are exceeded, a dry
pilot line can be used. Closed sprinklers or fixed-temperature-release pilot line detectors are installed
throughout the protected area on small diameter piping that contains pressurized air or nitrogen. A
Model LP Dry Pilot Actuator is installed on the outlet of the Model DDX Deluge Valve push-rod chamber. This device provides a separation between the hydraulically pressurized push-rod chamber and
the pneumatically pressurized pilot line. The dry pilot line is a pneumatic extension of the push-rod
chamber. Upon activation of a pilot line sprinkler or pilot line detector, pneumatic pressure is released
from the piping allowing the dry pilot actuator to vent and release hydraulic pressure from the push-rod
chamber. This allows the Model DDX Deluge Valve to open and fill the system piping in the protected
area. Alarm devices are activated upon the flow of water into the sprinkler system piping. In the event
the fire continues to grow, individual fire sprinklers in the protected area will be activated similar to a wet
pipe system. A single pneumatic supply can serve the dry pilot line and supervise the piping system
(required when there are more than 20 sprinklers on the system). Pneumatic pressure can be provided
from a tank-mounted compressor, plant air system, or nitrogen cylinders, and must be maintained by
a Reliable Model A-2 listed pressure maintenance device. To prevent accidental system activation and
monitor the integrity of the system piping, pneumatic pressure is monitored by a pressure switch* that
will notify the owner in the event of falling pressure due to sprinkler damage, pipe damage, or failure of
the compressed gas system.
**Note: System Sensor Model EPS 10-2 Pressure Switch is provided with the dry pilot line trim.
Approvals and technical data for Model DDX dry pilot line single interlock preaction systems can be
found on Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletin 749.
Figure 8
10.
1.2.3 Model DDX Electrical Actuation Single Interlock
Where electrical actuation of the system is preferred over wet or dry pilot lines, or where otherwise required by project specifications, a listed normally-closed (de-energized) solenoid valve is installed on
the outlet of the Model DDX Deluge Valve push-rod chamber. The solenoid provides a separation between the hydraulically pressurized push-rod chamber and atmospheric pressure drain tubing. Upon
receipt of a signal from the electric detection system, the release panel opens (energizes) the solenoid
valve. Pressure is released from the push-rod chamber allowing the Model DDX Deluge Valve to open
and fill the system piping in the protected area. Alarm devices are activated upon the flow of water into
the sprinkler system piping. In the event the fire continues to grow, individual fire sprinklers in the protected area will be activated similar to a wet pipe system. For supervised systems (required when there
are more than 20 sprinklers), pneumatic pressure can be provided from a compressor, plant air system,
or nitrogen cylinders. Pneumatic pressure is monitored by a pressure switch that will initiate a signal
in the event of falling pressure due to sprinkler damage, pipe damage, or failure of the compressed
gas system. The Reliable Model B-SI and Model C-SI Air Compressor Panels are specifically designed
for single interlock preaction systems up to 200 gallon capacity and incorporate an air compressor,
regulator, pressure switch, and output relays in a convenient wall mount cabinet (see section 2.3.1).
Approvals and technical data for Model DDX electric release single interlock preaction systems can be
found on Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletin 749.
Figure 9
11.
1.2.4 Model H Single Interlock Preaction System
The Reliable Model H 1-1/2” (40mm) Single Interlock Preaction system is an electrically actuated system that utilizes a normally closed, quick-opening hydraulically-operated diaphragm actuated solenoid
as the main system control valve. When in the normal condition (de-energized) water pressure is held
at the solenoid valve inlet. Upon receipt of a signal from the electric detection system, the release
panel opens (energizes) the solenoid valve allowing water to flow to fill the piping network essentially
converting the system into a wet pipe system. Alarm devices are activated by the System Sensor
Model EPS 10-1 pressure switch (provided with assembly) upon the flow of water into the sprinkler
system piping. In the event the fire continues to grow, individual fire sprinklers in the protected area will
be activated similar to a wet pipe system. For supervised systems (required when there are more than
20 sprinklers), pneumatic pressure can be provided from a compressor, plant air system, or nitrogen
cylinders. Pneumatic pressure is monitored by a pressure switch that will notify the owner in the event
of falling pressure due to sprinkler damage, pipe damage, or failure of the compressed gas system.
The Reliable Model B-SI and Model C-SI Air Compressor Panels are specifically designed for single
interlock preaction systems up to 200 gallon capacity and incorporate an air compressor, regulator,
pressure switch, and output relays in a convenient wall mount cabinet (see section 2.3.1).
Approvals and technical data for the Model H Single Interlock Preaction System can be found on Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletin 719 (supervised) and 721 (non-supervised).
Figure 10
12.
1.3 Double Interlock Preaction Systems
Double interlock preaction systems are designed to protect water sensitive environments where the inadvertent release of water into the protected area will result in serious disruption to critical control systems (e.g.
data centers), and/or serious financial impact to business operations (e.g. freezers). Similar to deluge and
single interlock preaction systems, the double interlock preaction system requires a supplemental detection/
release system that operates independently of the sprinkler system. Double interlock preaction system piping
is pressurized with air or nitrogen, and the pressure is monitored by a pressure switch. In addition to supervising the integrity of the piping, the pneumatic pressure serves as part of the main system control valve release
sequence.
Double interlock preaction systems provide an extra level of protection against accidental system activation
by requiring that two independent conditions coexist in order for the deluge valve to open. The two events can
be either (a) activation of the electrical detection system and loss of pneumatic pressure in the system piping,
or (b) loss of pneumatic pressure in a dry pilot line and loss of pneumatic pressure in the system piping. It is
important to note that the existence of either condition without the other does NOT result in actuation of the
main system control valve. Operation of the main system control valve occurs only when the two conditions
coexist; when only one condition exists the building owner/occupant can respond (or “preact”) to the condition and possibly prevent unnecessary release of water into the water sensitive environment.
Figure 11
13.
1.3.1 Model DDX Type D
The Reliable Type D Double Interlock Preaction system utilizes a listed, normally closed (de-energized)
electric solenoid valve on the outlet of the Model DDX Deluge Valve push-rod chamber. The solenoid
provides a separation between the hydraulically pressurized push-rod chamber and atmospheric pressure drain tubing. When the programming logic of the release panel has been satisfied, the panel
opens (energizes) the solenoid valve. Pressure is relieved from the push-rod chamber allowing the
Model DDX Deluge Valve to open and flow water into the protected area. The Type D system is described as an electric/electric double interlock preaction system. Two independent conditions must
coexist to satisfy the double interlock programming in the release panel. For the Type D system, these
two conditions are (a) activation of the detection system and (b) signal of low pneumatic pressure in
the system piping. Detection systems are more sensitive than the sprinklers on the system, and will activate prior to the sprinklers opening. The time period between fire detection/alarm and opening of the
sprinklers from heat allows the building owner a chance to respond and possibly avoid unnecessary
discharge of water into the water sensitive environment. In the event the alarm is not attended to, the
fire will continue to grow eventually fusing one or more sprinklers and relieving pneumatic pressure in
the system. Loss of pneumatic pressure results in a signal from the pressure switch. When this second
condition (low pneumatic pressure signal) coexists with the first condition (detection), the release panel
energizes (opens) the solenoid valve, in turn actuating the Model DDX Deluge Valve flowing water into
the protected area. Alarm devices are activated upon the flow of water into the sprinkler system piping.
Pneumatic pressure can be provided from a tank-mounted compressor, plant air system, or nitrogen
cylinders, and must be maintained by a Reliable Model A-2 listed pressure maintenance device*.
Pneumatic pressure is monitored by a pressure switch* that will notify the owner in the event of falling
pressure due to sprinkler damage, pipe damage, or failure of the compressed gas system. A low pressure condition in the absence of a detection signal or a detection signal in the absence of a low pressure condition will NOT result in activation of the solenoid and main system control valve. The singular
condition can be corrected and the system returned to normal service.
*Note: For Type D systems, the Reliable Model A-2 Pressure Maintenance Device and the System Sensor
Model EPS 10-2 Pressure Switch are provided with the trim.
Approvals and technical data for Model DDX Type D Double Interlock Preaction systems can be found
on Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletin 750.
Figure 12
14.
1.3.2 Model DDX Type F
The Reliable Type F Double Interlock Preaction system utilizes a Model LP Dry Pilot Actuator downstream of a listed, normally closed (de-energized) electric solenoid valve on the outlet of the Model DDX
Deluge Valve push-rod chamber. The dry pilot actuator is held closed with system pneumatic pressure,
and provides a separation between the hydraulically pressurized push-rod chamber and the system
pneumatic pressure. When the programming logic of the release panel has been satisfied, the panel
energizes (opens) the solenoid valve clearing the waterway to the dry pilot actuator. Subsequent loss
of pneumatic pressure from the system due to a sprinkler opening operates the dry pilot actuator which
vents to a drain, relieving pressure from the push-rod chamber and allowing the Model DDX Deluge
Valve to open and flow water into the protected area. The Type F system is described as an electric/
mechanical double interlock preaction system. Two independent conditions must coexist to actuate
the Model DDX Deluge Valve and flow water into the system. These two conditions are (a) activation of
the detection system and (b) loss of pneumatic pressure in the system piping. Detection systems are
more sensitive than sprinklers on the system, and will activate prior to the sprinklers opening. The time
period between fire detection/alarm and opening of the sprinklers allows the building owner a chance
to respond and possibly avoid unnecessary discharge of water into the water sensitive environment. In
the event the alarm is not attended to, the fire will continue to grow eventually fusing one or more sprinklers and relieving pneumatic pressure in the system. Loss of pneumatic pressure results in operation
of the mechanical dry pilot actuator. When this second condition (loss of pneumatic pressure) coexists
with the first condition (open solenoid), the Model DDX Deluge Valve operates and allows water into
the protected area. Alarm devices are activated upon the flow of water into the sprinkler system piping.
Pneumatic pressure can be provided from a tank-mounted air compressor, plant air system, nitrogen
cylinders, or nitrogen generator, and must be maintained by a Reliable Model A-2 listed pressure maintenance device. Pressure is monitored by a pressure switch* that will notify the owner in the event of
falling pressure due to sprinkler damage, pipe damage, or failure of the compressed gas system. A low
pressure condition in the absence of a detection signal or a detection signal in the absence of a low
pressure condition will NOT result in activation of the main system control valve. The singular condition
can be corrected and the system returned to normal service.
*Note: For Type F systems, system sensor Model EPS 10-2 pressure switch is provided with the trim.
Approvals and technical data for Model DDX Type F Double Interlock Preaction systems can be found
on Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletin 751.
Figure 13
15.
1.3.3 Model DDX Type PL
The Reliable Type PL Double Interlock Preaction system utilizes an LPDI Double Interlock Actuator on
the outlet of the Model DDX Deluge Valve push-rod chamber. The lower chamber of the actuator is
held closed with pneumatic pressure, and provides a separation between the hydraulically pressurized
push-rod chamber and dry pilot line pneumatic pressure. The upper chamber of the actuator is held
closed with system pneumatic pressure, and provides a separation between the lower (dry pilot line)
pneumatic pressure and system pneumatic pressure. The Type PL system is described as a fully mechanical pneumatic/pneumatic double interlock preaction system. Two independent conditions must
coexist to open the Model DDX Deluge Valve and flow water into the system. These two conditions are
(a) loss of pneumatic pressure in the dry pilot line and (b) loss of pneumatic pressure in the system piping. Pilot line detectors are more sensitive than sprinklers on the system, and will activate and sound an
alarm prior to the sprinklers opening. The time period between the pilot detectors opening and opening of the sprinklers allows the building owner a chance to respond and possibly avoid unnecessary
discharge of water into the water sensitive environment. In the event the alarm is not attended to, the
fire will continue to grow eventually fusing one or more sprinklers releasing pneumatic pressure from
the system. Loss of pneumatic pressure from the system operates the dry pilot actuator which vents to
a drain, relieving hydraulic pressure from the push-rod chamber and allowing the Model DDX Deluge
Valve to open and flow water into the protected area. Alarm devices are activated upon the flow of
water into the sprinkler system piping. Pneumatic pressure can be provided from a tank-mounted air
compressor, plant air system, nitrogen cylinders, or nitrogen generator, and must be maintained by a
Reliable Model A-2 Pressure Maintenance Device. Dry pilot line and system pneumatic pressures are
independently monitored by pressure switches* that will initiate a signal in the event of falling pressure
due to sprinkler damage, pipe damage, or failure of the compressed gas system. An independent low
pressure condition in either the dry pilot line or in the system will NOT result in activation main system
control. The singular condition can be corrected and the system returned to normal service.
*Note: For Type PL systems, System Sensor Model EPS 10-2 Pressure Switches are provided with the
trim.
Approvals and technical data for Model DDX Type PL Double Interlock Preaction systems can be found
on Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletin 752.
Figure 14
16.
1.3.4 Model H Type D
The Reliable Model H 1-1/2” (40mm) Double Interlock Preaction System Type D is an electrically actuated system that utilizes a normally closed, quick-opening hydraulically-operated diaphragm actuated
solenoid as the main system control valve. In the normal condition (de-energized), water pressure is
held at the solenoid valve inlet. When the programming logic of the release panel has been satisfied,
the panel opens (energizes) the solenoid valve allowing water flow into the protected area. The Type D
system is described as an electric/electric double interlock preaction system. Two independent conditions must coexist to satisfy the double interlock programming in the release panel. For the Type D
system, these two conditions are (a) activation of the detection system and (b) signal of low pneumatic
pressure in the system piping. Detection systems are more sensitive than the sprinklers on the system,
and will activate prior to the sprinklers opening. The time period between fire detection/alarm and
opening of the sprinklers allows the building owner a chance to respond and possibly avoid unnecessary discharge of water into the water sensitive environment. In the event the alarm is not attended to,
the fire will continue to grow eventually fusing one or more sprinklers and relieving pneumatic pressure
in the system. Loss of pneumatic pressure results in a signal from the pressure switch. When this second condition (low pressure signal) coexists with the first condition (detection), the release panel energizes (opens) the solenoid valve flowing water into the protected area. Alarm devices are activated
upon the flow of water into the sprinkler system piping. Pneumatic pressure can be provided from a
tank-mounted compressor, plant air system, or nitrogen cylinders, and must be maintained by a Reliable Model A-2 listed pressure maintenance device*. Pneumatic pressure is monitored by a pressure
switch* that will notify the owner in the event of falling pressure due to sprinkler damage, pipe damage, or failure of the compressed gas system. A low pressure condition in the absence of a detection
signal or a detection signal in the absence of a low pressure condition will NOT result in activation of
the solenoid and main system control valve. The singular condition can be corrected and the system
returned to normal service.
*Note: For Type D systems, the Reliable Model A-2 Pressure Maintenance Device and the System Sensor Model EPS10-2 Pressure Switch are provided with the trim.
Approvals and technical data for the Model H Double Interlock Preaction System Type D can be found
on Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletin 720.
Figure 15
17.
1.4 Non Interlock Preaction System
Non-interlock preaction systems combine the operational features of a single interlock preaction system and
a dry system. Non-interlock systems are fully actuated by either a signal from a detection system (same as a
single interlock system) OR from loss of pneumatic pressure (same as a dry system). A solenoid valve and a
Dry Pilot Actuator are connected to the Deluge Valve push-rod chamber outlet and each is piped independently to atmospheric pressure via the drain cup. The solenoid provides a separation between the hydraulically pressurized push-rod chamber and atmospheric pressure drain tubing. Upon receipt of a signal from
the electric detection system, the release panel energizes (opens) the solenoid valve. Pressure is released
from the push-rod chamber allowing the Deluge Valve to open and fill the system piping in the protected
area. Alarm devices are activated upon the flow of water into the sprinkler system piping. In the event the
fire continues to grow, individual fire sprinklers in the protected area will be activated similar to a wet pipe
system. The Dry Pilot Actuator provides a second separation between the hydraulically pressurized Deluge
Valve push-rod chamber and system pneumatic pressure. Loss of pneumatic pressure in the system due to
a sprinkler opening operates the Dry Pilot Actuator which vents to a drain, relieving hydraulic pressure from
the push-rod chamber and allowing the Deluge Valve to open and flow water into the protected area. Alarm
devices are activated upon the flow of water into the sprinkler system. Pneumatic pressure can be provided
from a tank-mounted air compressor, plant air system, nitrogen cylinders, or nitrogen generator, and must be
regulated with a Reliable Model A-2 Air Maintenance Device. Pneumatic pressure in the system is monitored
by a pressure switch that will provide indication of falling pressure due to leaks or failure of the compressed
gas system. When properly adjusted, the low pressure alarm will activate in advance of the dry pilot actuator,
allowing the owner an opportunity to correct problems with the pressurizing system before the Deluge Valve
opens. The Reliable Non-Interlock Preaction System is derived by adding the non-interlock trim option to the
Reliable Model EX or DDX-LP dry system, and operates with pneumatic pressure between 8 and 28 PSI depending on the pressure of the incoming water supply.
Approvals and technical data for the Non-Interlock Preaction System can be found on Reliable Automatic
Sprinkler Company Bulletins 358 & 359 (EX) and 337 & 338 (DDX-LP).
Figure 16
18.
1.5 Low Pressure Dry System
Low pressure dry pipe systems offer numerous advantages over conventional systems. Conventional differential dry pipe systems rely on pneumatic pressure above a pool of priming water to hold a check valve
clapper closed and prevent supply water from flowing into the system. When pneumatic pressure is lost, the
clapper opens, and the incoming water works against the pressurized gas as it makes its way through the
system piping. By lowering the pneumatic pressure in the system, water can move faster through the piping
since there is less pneumatic pressure working against it. Faster water movement from the valve to the end
of the system improves water delivery time, permits the installation of larger and possibly fewer dry systems,
and often results in the elimination of accelerators. Lower pressures require smaller air compressors, nitrogen generators, and/or nitrogen tanks, and the DDX technology eliminates the need for priming water that
evaporates over time resulting in excessive corrosion in the piping. Because conventional valves operate on
a surface area differential principle and are non-latching, they can be subject to false activation in the event
of pressure surges in the water supply. Reliable Model EX and DDX-LP dry systems incorporate a latching
type clapper that is held closed by the incoming water supply. Any increase in water pressure attempting
to force the clapper open is offset with equal pressure in the latching mechanism supply line. The Reliable
Automatic Sprinkler Company offers two low pressure dry systems—the Model EX for domestic use, and the
Model DDX-LP for domestic or international use.
Figure 17
Figure 18
19.
1.5.1 Reliable Model EX Dry System
The Reliable Model EX Dry system utilizes a dry pilot actuator directly mounted to the push-rod chamber of a Model DDX deluge style valve. The dry pilot actuator can be held closed with pneumatic
system pressure much lower than that required for a conventional dry valve, and provides a separation between the hydraulically pressurized push-rod chamber and system pneumatic pressure. Loss
of pneumatic pressure in the system due to a sprinkler opening operates the dry pilot actuator which
vents to a drain, relieving hydraulic pressure from the push-rod chamber and allowing the Model EX
Dry Valve to open and flow water into the protected area. Alarm devices are activated upon the flow
of water into the sprinkler system piping. Pneumatic pressure can be provided from a tank-mounted
air compressor, plant air system, or nitrogen cylinders and must be regulated with a Reliable Model
A-2 Air Maintenance Device. Pneumatic pressure in the system is monitored by a pressure switch that
will provide indication of falling pressure due to leaks or failure of the compressed gas system. When
properly adjusted, the low pressure alarm will activate in advance of the dry pilot actuator, allowing the
owner an opportunity to correct problems with the pressurizing system before the dry valve opens. The
Reliable EX Dry System operates with pneumatic pressure between 8 and 40 PSI depending on the
pressure of the incoming water supply. Minimum pneumatic pressure when using the optional Model
B-1 accelerator and/or an EPS40-2 high/low pressure switch is 15 PSI.
Approvals and technical data for the Model EX Dry System can be found on Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletins 358 and 359.
Figure 19
20.
1.5.2 Reliable Model DDX-LP Dry System
The Reliable Model DDX-LP Dry system utilizes a Model LP Dry Pilot Actuator as the releasing device
on the outlet of the Model DDX Deluge Valve push-rod chamber. The dry pilot actuator is held closed
with pneumatic system pressure much lower than that required for a conventional dry valve, and provides a separation between the hydraulically pressurized push-rod chamber and system pneumatic
pressure. Loss of pneumatic pressure in the system due to a sprinkler opening operates the dry pilot
actuator which vents to a drain, relieving hydraulic pressure from the push-rod chamber and allowing
the Model DDX Deluge Valve to open and flow water into the protected area. Alarm devices are activated upon the flow of water into the sprinkler system piping. Pneumatic pressure can be provided from
a tank-mounted air compressor, plant air system, nitrogen cylinders, or nitrogen generator, and must
be regulated with a Reliable Model A-2 Air Maintenance Device. Pneumatic pressure in the system is
monitored by a pressure switch that will provide indication of falling pressure due to leaks or failure of
the compressed gas system. When properly adjusted, the low pressure alarm will activate in advance
of the dry pilot actuator, allowing the owner an opportunity to correct problems with the pressurizing
system before the deluge valve opens. The Reliable DDX-LP Dry System operates with pneumatic
pressure between 8 and 28 PSI depending on the pressure of the incoming water supply. Minimum
pneumatic pressure when using the optional Model B-1 accelerator and/or an EPS40-2 high/low pressure switch is 15 PSI.
Approvals and technical data for the Model DDX-LP Dry System can be found on Reliable Automatic
Sprinkler Company Bulletins 337 and 338.
Figure 20
21.
1.6 PrePak & DryPak
Reliable PrePaK Preaction and DryPak Low Pressure Dry systems are completely self-contained riser assemblies that can be readily installed within a small floor space. These cabinet mounted systems are substantially
smaller and lighter than other manufacturer’s systems and will fit through a standard 30” wide door. Installation of the units requires three piping connections: a supply line in, a system line out, and a drain line out.
Locations of these connections are detailed in the appropriate product bulletins.
All internal electrical devices are factory wired and tested. Where applicable, an optional release panel can be
mounted in the cabinet door. Reliable PrePaK Preaction Systems utilize the Potter Model PFC-4410 Releasing
Control Panel. This fully programmable, microprocessor-based releasing panel is Underwriters Laboratories,
Inc. listed and complies with NFPA 13 and NFPA 72. All device and release panel terminals are translated to
two watertight terminal boxes inside the cabinet. Low voltage and line voltage field connections are made
to these terminal boxes. Separate 120 VAC electrical connections are required for the release panel and air
compressor when so equipped.
The Reliable PrePaK or DryPak System enclosure is powder-coated rustproof black on the exterior and white
on the interior for improved visibility. Each 12 gauge steel cabinet contains the following components:
• Main system control valve, either:
—— 1½” (40mm) Model H Deluge Riser Assembly (PrePak only), or
—— 2” (50mm), 2½” (65mm), 3” (80mm), 4”
•
(100mm), or 6” (150mm) Model DDX
Deluge Valve (PrePak & DryPak)
One Reliable Pressure Maintenance Device
•
One Tank-Mounted Air Compressor (optional)
•
One Potter Model PFC-4410 Fire Alarm/Releasing Panel (PrePak only; optional)
•
All required piping, fittings, gauges, electrical
connectors, and electrical devices to utilize
the system in single interlock, double-interlock, or low pressure dry system applications
PrePaks and DryPaks are designed, manufactured, assembled and tested by Reliable in Liberty SC, USA. Operation and application of the
various systems has been previously described
in this bulletin.
Approvals and technical data for Model DDX PrePak Preaction Systems can be found on Reliable
Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletins 733, 740,
& 747. Approvals and technical data for Model H
PrePak Preaction Systems can be found on Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletin 723.
Approvals and technical data for Model DDX
DryPak Low Pressure Dry Systems can be found
on Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletin
748.
Figure 21
22.
2. COMPONENT DESCRIPTIONS
2.1 Main System Control Valves
Special systems, whether deluge, preaction or low pressure dry, control the release of water to the protected
area until a particular condition or set of conditions is met. The main system control valve is defined as the
valve which separates the pressurized water supply source from piping in the protected area. Two types of
main system control valves are used for Reliable Special Systems.
2.1.1 Model H
The Reliable Model H 1½” (40mm) Riser Assembly incorporates a normally closed, quick-opening
hydraulically operated diaphragm actuated solenoid valve as the system control valve for both deluge
and preaction fire protection systems. The Model H is listed by Underwriter Laboratories (UL) but is
NOT Factory Mutual Approved. (If Factory Mutual Approval is required, refer to the Model DDX Deluge
Valve in section 2.1.2 below.) The trim is factory assembled for every Model H Deluge Riser Assembly.
Three field piping connections are required: an appropriate water supply, the system piping connection, and a ¾” NPT drain line connection.
When in the normal condition (de-energized), fire protection system supply water is held at the solenoid valve inlet. When the valve is energized by power from a releasing panel, the solenoid valve
opens and water flows through the deluge riser assembly into the fire protection system piping. Alarm
devices are activated upon the flow of water into the sprinkler system piping.
After the system is shut down and drained,
the valve is easily reset without special
tools. When the detection devices have returned to ready condition, the deluge riser
assembly is placed back in service by simply resetting the releasing panel. This easy
reset feature of the Model H Riser Assembly
provides a means for simple, economical
system testing which is an essential facet
of a good maintenance program.
The Reliable Model H Riser Assembly may
be used in any application requiring a deluge or preaction system with an electrical
detection system. Actuation of the solenoid
valve may be achieved with various types of
detectors and a listed release control panel. Care should be taken to ensure that all
components are listed for compatibility and
for the intended application. Electrical connections are required between the listed release control panel and the solenoid valve,
system control valve supervisory switch,
the water flow alarm pressure switch, and
low pressure supervisory switch (when applicable).
Figure 22
23.
2.1.2 Model DDX
The Reliable Model DDX Deluge Valve is a hydraulically-operated, differential-type, latching valve with
external reset designed for use as a main system control valve in deluge, preaction and low pressure
dry fire protection systems. The Model DDX Deluge Valve can be trimmed to create several types of
systems by utilizing manual, hydraulic, pneumatic, or electrical actuation devices or combinations of
these devices. Using a Model DDX Deluge Valve as the main system control valve allows the end-user
flexibility in changing the system type by reconfiguring the trim if the need arises; a new Model DDX
Deluge Valve does not need to be purchased.
In the set position, the Model DDX Deluge Valve clapper is physically held closed by the lever and
pushrod assembly (Figure A). In this position, supply pressure acts on the underside of the clapper
and also on the push rod through the push rod chamber inlet. The resultant force on the push rod
is multiplied by the mechanical advantage of the lever and holds the clapper closed against normal
supply pressure surges. The push rod chamber supply valve remains in the open position when the
valve is in the set condition; any surge or increase in water supply pressure acting on the underside of
the clapper is equally transmitted to the push rod chamber to guard against accidental opening of the
deluge valve
Figure A:
DDX VALVE SET POSITION
The Reliable Model DDX Deluge Valve may be operated by any listed or approved releasing device
which opens sufficiently to vent the push rod chamber. When a releasing device activates, the push
rod chamber vents to atmosphere through the chamber outlet. Since the pressure cannot be replenished through the inlet restriction as quickly as it is vented, the push rod chamber pressure falls rapidly.
When the push rod chamber pressure approaches approximately one-third of the supply pressure,
the upward force of the supply pressure acting beneath the clapper overcomes the reduced push-rod
force allowing the clapper to open. When in a flowing condition, the clapper is pushed and held open
by the flow of water to the system (Figure B).
24.
Figure B:
DDX VALVE OPEN POSITION
Alarm devices are activated via the alarm port upon flow of water into the sprinkler system piping. Once
the flow of water has stopped, the clapper drops and the lever acts as a latch to prevent the clapper
from returning to the closed position (Figure C).
Figure C:
DDX VALVE LATCHED POSITION
25.
An external reset knob on the back left hand (pushrod) side of the Model DDX Deluge Valve allows
the user to reset the valve without removing the faceplate. (Figure D). It is important to note that ALL
pressure must be relieved from the push rod chamber prior to resetting the valve. This can be accomplished by opening the emergency manual release valve provided on the front left of each Model DDX
Deluge Valve assembly.
Figure D:
DDX VALVE REAR VIEW
The Model DDX Deluge Valve has an intermediate chamber built into the seat assembly which eliminates the need for an additional system side check valve when the Model DDX Deluge Valve is used
to control preaction or low pressure dry systems that contain pressurized air or nitrogen. The intermediate chamber also removes the need for secondary main drain valves to facilitate draining of the fire
protection system piping.
The Model DDX Deluge Valve is available in six sizes: 2” (50mm), 2½” (65mm), 3” (80mm), 4” (100mm),
6” (150mm), and 8” (200mm). All six sizes are available with a cast ductile iron body with grooved
inlet and outlet connections. The 4” (100mm) and 6” (150mm) sizes are also available with flanged
inlet and flanged outlet connections, or flanged inlet and grooved outlet connections. The 8” (200mm)
size is also available with flanged inlet and flanged outlet connections. Flange options include class
150 & class 300. All working components of the valve are field replaceable without removing the valve
from the riser. The Model DDX Deluge Valve is rated at 250 psi (17.2 bar), 4” & 6” are rated to 300 psi
(20.7 bar) working pressure, factory tested at 500 psi (34.5 bar), and is listed and approved by various
agencies worldwide.
26.
2.2 Releasing Devices
A releasing device serves to vent hydraulic pressure from the main system control valve push-rod chamber
allowing the Model DDX Deluge Valve to open and flow water into the fire protection system. They can be
classified as either manual or automatic, and can be used in various combinations to achieve the desired
level of operational safety.
2.2.1 Sprinklers
Any closed automatic fire sprinkler can be used as a thermal detector whenever hydraulic (wet pilot)
or pneumatic (dry pilot) activation of the primary control valve is desired. Although a large variety of
sprinkler temperature ratings exist, ratings between 135°F (57°C) and 212°F (100°C) are most common for use in wet or dry pilot lines. Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletins 013, 110, 014 &
131 illustrate suitable standard spray sprinklers for use as pilot line detectors. The Model G sprinklers
(Bulletin 110) may be coated with wax or lead for corrosion resistance.
Quick response sprinklers installed in wet or dry pilot
lines may be desirable as a means for hastening operation of a thermal detection system. Sprinkler models GFR
and F1FR sprinklers are described in Reliable Automatic
Sprinkler Company Bulletins 131 and 014, respectively.
Quick Response sprinklers, however, cannot be wax or
lead coated for corrosion-resistance.
Sprinklers used as thermal detectors must be spaced
according to NFPA 13 sprinkler spacing requirements.
Generally speaking, sprinklers on the pilot lines must be
spaced the same as the sprinkler spacing required for
the hazard to be protected. For additional pilot line information, refer to Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company
bulletins for deluge systems (516 through 519) and single
interlock preaction systems (749), paying special attention to maximum elevation and length limitations for wet
pilot lines. NFPA 13 Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems and NFPA 15 Water Spray Fixed Systems for
Figure 23
Fire Protection provide additional information on the use
of automatic fire sprinklers on pilot lines for system actuation.
2.2.2 Pilot Line Detectors
Similar to automatic fire sprinklers, pilot line detectors such as the Reliable F1-FTR Pilot Line Detector
can be used for systems utilizing hydraulic (wet pilot) or pneumatic (dry pilot) actuation. The FTR incorporates a 2.5 mm glass bulb with a Model F1 sprinkler frame, and is identified as a Fixed Temperature
Release (FTR) to differentiate it from standard sprinklers. The FTR is made of die cast brass and is
available in various finishes. During fire conditions the heat sensitive liquid in the bulb expands, the
bulb shatters and releases the cap and spring assembly. This vents the hydraulic or pneumatic pressure in the pilot line, and in turn the pushrod chamber. The water pressure from the pushrod chamber
discharges to a drain, allowing the Model DDX Deluge Valve to open and fill the system piping.
The F1-FTR can be installed at greater spacing than regular sprinklers used on a pilot line. Refer to
Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletin 180 for specific listing and installation limits. Similar to a glass bulb sprinkler, the F1-FTR must be installed
in accordance with NFPA-13 installation specifications to prevent possible
damage to FTR. Before installing the F1-FTR the appropriate temperature
rating must be determined. The temperature rating should be lower than the
temperature rating of system sprinklers or nozzles.
The F1-FTR can be installed in any position; however, in locations where the
pilot line system is exposed to freezing conditions install them in the upright
position only. Wet pilot lines must be installed where there is adequate heat
to avoid possible freezing. An F1-FTR that may be subject to mechanical
damage must be protected by the appropriate sprinkler guard (see Reliable
Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletin 208) for the F1 Model.
Approvals and technical data for the Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company
Model F1-FTR Pilot Line Detector can be found on Bulletin 180.
Figure 24
27.
2.2.3 Solenoid Valve
A normally closed electric solenoid valve is a primary control
valve releasing device when located on the discharge outlet
of the hydraulically pressurized push rod chamber of the Model DDX Deluge Valve. The solenoid valve separates water
pressure in the pushrod chamber from atmospheric air pressure in a drain line. When sufficient electrical current is provided to energize the solenoid valve coil (from a listed releasing
panel), the solenoid valve opens and discharges water pressure from the pushrod chamber to a drain. Since the pressure
cannot be replenished through the inlet restricted orifice as
rapidly as it is discharging, the push rod chamber pressure
falls instantaneously and the Model DDX Deluge Valve opens.
Refer to Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletin 718
for more detailed information on the solenoid valve specifications.
2.2.4 Dry Pilot Actuator
A dry pilot actuator uses the same differen-
tial principle as a conventional dry pipe valve
wherein low pneumatic pressure holds the
device closed against considerably higher
water pressure. The actuator is connected to
the Model DDX Deluge Valve pushrod chamber outlet port. When a dry pilot line detector activates, a manual station is opened, or
(in the case of the low pressure dry system),
system pressure is lost, water pressure on the
underside of the dry pilot actuator overcomes
the reduced air or nitrogen pressure on the
top side of the actuator. The actuator opens
allowing the push rod chamber pressure to
discharge through the actuator to a drain
outlet. Since the pushrod chamber pressure
cannot be replenished through the inlet restricted orifice as rapidly as it is discharging,
the push rod chamber pressure falls instantaneously and the Model DDX Deluge Valve
opens.
Technical information for the LP actuator is found on the Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company bulletin for each system
where it is utilized.
2.2.5 Manual Release
A manual release or pull station is a normally closed, quick
opening valve which acts as a system releasing device when
located in the piping of a wet or dry pilot line of sprinklers. It discharges hydraulic or pneumatic pressure from the pilot line, just
as an automatic pilot line detector or sprinkler would do. The
Model A pull station valve is enclosed in a labeled steel box that
has a cover held closed by a breakable strut. Once opened,
the cover will not stay closed unless the strut is replaced.
Refer to Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletin 506 for
detailed information on the Model A Manual Hydraulic Emergency Pull Box.
Figure 25
Figure 26
2.3 Pneumatic Pressure Supervision
With the exception of electric and wet pilot operated deluge systems
and non-supervised single interlock preaction systems, all special
systems use pneumatic pressure for either (or both) supervising the
integrity of the system or as a trigger for system operation. Compressed air or nitrogen are the two most common gases used to supply pneumatic pressure.
28.
Figure 27
2.3.1 Air Compressor Panel
Reliable Model B-SI and C-SI Air Compressor Panels provide self-contained supervisory air supply
and pressure maintenance for single interlock preaction systems* with capacity up to 200 gallons. The
air source of the Model B-SI is a 120 VAC, 1/16 HP Gast air
compressor; the Model C-SI is equipped with a 220 VAC,
1/16 HP Gast air compressor. A System Sensor Model
EPS10-2 pressure switch monitors the system air pressure.
Approximately 7 psi (0.48 bar) of air pressure will keep the
pressure switch contacts open and therefore the air compressor motor off. A drop of approximately 2 psi (0.14 bar)
will switch the contact to closed position; the compressor
will turn on to replace the air in the system (in case of a small
leakage). If the pressure continues to drop, at a pressure of
approximately 4 psi (0.28 bar) the low air signal will activate.
An auxiliary relay provides dry contacts for remote signal
of low air pressure and/or loss of power to the building fire
alarm panel or other monitored location. The Model B-SI
and Model C-SI Air Compressor Panels are designed with
keyhole slots for ease of wall mounting. A quick-fill bypass
connection outside the enclosure reduces setup time after
installation, testing, or maintenance.
Refer to Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletin 254
for more detailed information on the Model B-SI and C-SI Air
Figure 28
MODEL B-SI/C-SI AIR
COMPRESSOR PANEL
Compressor Panels.
*Note: The Reliable Dry Pilot Line Single Interlock Preaction System may require up to 26 PSI pneumatic pressure, therefore, the Model B-SI and C-SI are not to be used with this system. Air compressors
or compressed nitrogen (see below) with appropriate pressure maintenance devices (section 2.4) must
be used.
2.3.2 Air Compressor
NFPA 13 requires that dry systems and double interlock preaction systems be pressurized to normal
operating pressure within 30 minutes (60 minutes for freezers below 5°F). Properly sized dedicated
air compressors or dependable plant air compressors are commonly used for this purpose. Although
not required by NPFA 13 to be listed, consideration should be given to selecting a quality compressor
to avoid maintenance issues and/or false activation of the system. Local electrical codes should also
be consulted to determine if any additional requirements exist (e.g., UL listing). Compressors having
capacities of less than 5.5 CFM at 10 PSI are not required to have an air receiver or air maintenance
device; however, individual maintenance of pressure for each system is required when an automatic air
supply is used to feed multiple systems. This necessitates the use of an air receiver (tank) with a listed
pressure maintenance device on each system.
A tankless compressor without pressure switch or “bare” compressor can be used to supply a single
dry system or single interlock preaction system. Bare compressors require an auxiliary means of motor
control such as the Reliable Model B-1 Pressure Maintenance Device (see 2.4.2.). The factory supplied
pressure switch on the Model B-1 directly monitors system pressure and starts/stops the compressor
motor. System air pressure will fluctuate from high to low via the compressor start/stop controller. An
A-2 Air Maintenance Device will cause compressor to short cycle. Note: The pressure switch on the
Model B-1 Pressure Maintenance Device is not a low pressure supervisory switch. An air receiver (tank)
is not required by NFPA 13 when the compressor has a capacity less than 5.5 CFM at 10 PSI.
Tank-mounted air compressors provide a convenient means of meeting the requirement for an air
receiver when compressor capacity is 5.5 CFM at 10 PSI or greater, or when a tank is otherwise mandated. Tank mounted compressors are provided with a pressure switch that monitors the tank pressure
and starts/stops the compressor motor at the desired settings. Air pressure from the tank is regulated
(“bled”) into the system or systems through a listed pressure maintenance device such as the Reliable
Model A-2 (see 2.4.1.). Tank-mounted systems, even when not required, can help prevent short-cycling
and thereby extend the life of air compressors, and can also be helpful in preventing ice build-up in
freezer systems. When supplying multiple systems, the compressor must be selected to pressurize the
largest system within the time frame required by NFPA 13.
Reliable recommends that a tank mounted compressor along with a listed air maintenance device be
used on all systems. This is particularly important with double interlock preaction systems where loss
of pneumatic pressure is used as one of the releasing conditions. Tank mounted compressors also
provide a reserve supply of pressurized air in the event of power outages.
29.
Figure 29
Figure 30
Figure 31
2.3.3 Compressed Nitrogen
Cylinders of compressed nitrogen can provide a clean, dependable, and most importantly, dry source of
pneumatic pressure in special systems. High pressure nitrogen cylinders can typically be rented from a local
source, with rental fees varying by supplier and bottle size. By replacing oxygen in the system piping with
nitrogen, the chemical process that results in corrosion is severely mitigated, thereby extending the life-span
of steel piping. Nitrogen is also effective in preventing the formation of ice on the inside of piping for freezer
systems. The Reliable Model A-2 Pressure Maintenance Device (2.4.1.), the NS-Pak (2.4.3.), and the Nitrogen
Regulating Device (2.4.4.) serve to regulate and supervise compressed nitrogen pneumatic supplies.
2.3.4 Nitrogen Generator
Pipe corrosion is a common problem within dry and preaction fire protection systems when supervised by traditional compressed air. Nitrogen
Generation Systems can be used to provide corrosion inhibiting supervisory pressure to the system to mitigate problematic sprinkler pipe corrosion. Reliable offers these systems in partnership with South-Tek Systems, Wilmington NC.
South-Tek Systems designs and manufactures the N2-Blast® - Corrosion Inhibiting System specifically for dry and preaction fire protection
systems. The N2-Blast produces 98%+ pure Nitrogen and introduces it
to the dry or preaction system. In doing so, oxygen and moisture are
displaced from the piping. The N2-Blast effectively inhibits electrochemical, galvanic and Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion (MIC), as well as
freeze-ups and ice plugs.
The N-2 Blast generator incorporates a nitrogen storage tank, and the Reliable Model A-2 Pressure Maintenance Device (2.4.1) serves to regulate
and supervise the compressed nitrogen pneumatic supply.
Figure 32
2.4 Pressure Maintenance Equipment
Automatic pressure maintenance devices are used to maintain the correct operating pressure in dry and
preaction* systems, and in dry pilot lines used for releasing special systems. The devices described below
eliminate the need for manual refilling of a system to overcome small leaks or variable pressures due to temperature changes.
*Single interlock preaction systems with 20 or less sprinklers are not required to be supervised with pneumatic
pressure.
2.4.1 Model A-2 Pressure Maintenance Device
The Reliable Model A-2 Device is designed for use where a clean and dependable source of compressed gas is available, such as an owners plant air supply, a tank mounted air compressor with
a pressure control switch, or cylinders of compressed nitrogen gas. The regulator in the Model A-2
Device will reduce the pressure from an acceptable gas source (175 psi/12 bar maximum) to the pressure required for the system. The Model A-2 Device will maintain a constant pressure in the system,
regardless of fluctuations in the supply source being used. The A-2 has a built in strainer that prevents
foreign matter from entering the regulator and check valve which may interfere with their normal operation. Shut-off valves permit servicing of the strainer and regulator without impairing the sprinkler
system, and a bypass valve permits rapid restoration of the required system pressure after service or
operation. The bypass valve must be closed and shut-off valves open for proper automatic operation.
Approvals and technical data for the Model A-2 Pressure Maintenance Devices can be found on Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletin 254.
30.
Figure 33
MODEL A-2
Figure 34
MODEL B-1
2.4.2 Model B-1 Air Maintenance Device
The Reliable Model B-1 Pressure Maintenance Device is designed for use in conjunction with a tankless air compressor that does not have a pressure control switch to maintain the correct pressure in
the system. By wiring the compressor motor to the electrical pressure switch of the Model B-1 Device*,
the on/off operation of the compressor is controlled directly by the pressure in the system. A significant
decrease in air pressure closes the pressure switch contacts activating the compressor. The compressor runs until the air pressure is restored to the pre-adjusted setting of the pressure switch. When
the pressure is satisfied, the switch contacts open and stop the compressor. The pressure switch on
the B-1 is equipped with an unloader valve that automatically bleeds off the air pressure between the
compressor outlet and the air maintenance device each time the pressure switch opens. This protects
the compressor motor from starting under a load the next time it starts. Like the Model A-2 Device, the
Model B-1 has a strainer for contamination control, a bypass valve for rapid fill, and shut off valves open
for ease of repairs to the device.
*Note: The switch on the B-1 Air Maintenance Device is NOT a low pressure alarm switch. When using
this device, a separate low air alarm switch is required.
Approvals and technical data for the Model B-1 Pressure Maintenance Devices can be found on Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletin 254.
2.4.3 Model NS-Pak
The Reliable Model NS-PaK is designed to supervise nitrogen pressure for individual preaction and dry
pipe systems. The nitrogen supply is obtained from a high pressure nitrogen cylinder (or cylinders)
which are sold or rented separately. The NS-PaK includes a single stage pressure regulator equipped
with high pressure inlet and low pressure outlet gauges. As the nitrogen is gradually depleted and
the pressure inside the cylinder drops, the low pressure regulated output remains stable. The cylinder
pressure supervisory switch (System Sensor Model EPS40-2) is factory set to 90 PSI and monitors the
regulated pressure coming out of the nitrogen cylinders. The pressure switch provides notification to
the owner that the nitrogen cylinders are in need of replacement or refilling. The adjustable system
pressure supervisory switch (System Sensor Model EPS10-2) is factory set to 13 PSI and monitors the
system supply pressure.
Braided flexible hoses and adapters are provided for connection of the NS-Pak to the nitrogen regulator and the system. All components are conveniently cabinet mounted, and a quick by-pass segment is
incorporated on the NS-PaK to reduce set up time. The Model NS-PaK Panel is designed with keyhole
slots for ease of wall mounting.
Approvals and technical data for the Model NS-Pak Panel can be found on Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletin 254.
31.
2.4.4 Nitrogen Regulating Device
The Reliable Nitrogen Regulating Device is used to regulate pressure to individual or multiple preaction and dry systems using Reliable Model A-2 Pressure Maintenance Devices. The nitrogen supply is
obtained from a high pressure nitrogen cylinder (or cylinders) which are sold or rented separately. The
Nitrogen Regulating Device includes a single stage pressure regulator equipped with high pressure
inlet and low pressure outlet gauges. As the nitrogen is gradually depleted and the pressure inside
the cylinder drops, the low pressure regulated output remains stable. If desired, an optional adjustable pressure switch is available for monitoring the nitrogen pressure between the tank regulator and
connection to the pressure maintenance device(s). The switch is installed between the Nitrogen Regulating Device outlet and the Model A-2 Pressure Maintenance Device, and signals the approaching
depletion of the nitrogen supply. The Nitrogen Regulating Device is provided with a coiled ¼” copper
tube and fittings for connection to the fire protection system pneumatic supply line.
Approvals and technical data for the Nitrogen Regulating Device can be found on Reliable Automatic
Sprinkler Company Bulletin 254.
Figure 35
NS PAK
2.5 Pneumatic Pressure Supervision
Figure 36
NITROGEN REGULATING DEVICE
Pressure switches are used to monitor pneumatic pressure in dry pipe and special systems, and are necessary to provide low pressure notification in the event of sprinkler damage, leaks, or failure of the compressed
gas system. In some systems, activation of the pressure switch may also serve as a condition required for
opening the main system control valve.
2.5.1 Model EPS40 Pressure Switch
The System Sensor Model EPS40 switch is designed to detect a 10 psi
(0.7bar) decrease (and in some cases, increase) from normal system
pressure in automatic fire protection systems. They are typically used
to supervise system pneumatic pressure in preaction and dry systems
using 10 psi or higher pressure. These switches can be used to initiate electronic signals and/or control auxiliary fire equipment when a low
pressure condition occurs. Although factory set, the adjustment wheel
requires no special tools and can be used to adjust the nominal value of
the “window” at which the switches activate.
The EPS40-1 Series features field adjustable pressure sensitivity between
10 and 100 psi (0.7 and 6.9 bar) and is used for low pressure superviFigure 37
sion only. It is factory set to be used in a nominal 40 psi (2.8 bar) system
with a switch transfer occurring at 30 psi (2 bar) on decreasing pressure. The EPS40-2 Series features
field adjustable pressure sensitivity between 10 and 100 psi (0.7 and 6.9 bar) and is used for low and
high pressure supervision. It is factory set to be used in a nominal 40 psi (2.8 bar) system with a switch
transfer occurring at 30 psi (2 bar) on decreasing pressure and a second switch transfer occurring at
50 psi (3.5 bar) on rising pressure.
32.
2.5.2 Model EPS10 Pressure Switch
The System Sensor Model EPS10 pressure switch is used for single interlock preaction systems and
Reliable Type D Double Interlock Preaction Systems using pneumatic pressures between 7 psi (0.48)
and 10 PSI (0.7 bar). The EPS10-1 Series (one SPDT switch) and EPS10-2 (two SPDT switches) feature
field adjustable pressure sensitivity between 4 and 20 psi (0.3 and 1.4 bar) and are used for low pressure supervision. For Type D Double Interlock Preaction Systems, the EPS10 is also used for system
activation when cross-zoned with the supplemental detection system. Switch transfer occurs upon the
loss of approximately 3 psi (0.21 bar). Although factory set, the adjustment wheel requires no special
tools and can be used to adjust the nominal value of the “window” at which the switches activate.
2.6 Quick-Opening Device
NFPA 13 requires that water be delivered to the inspector’s test within 60 seconds of valve operation on
double interlock preaction systems over 500 gallons and on dry pipe systems over 750 gallons. A quickopening device or accelerator can be installed on the system to help achieve the water delivery time. Dry
pipe systems that do not exceed 500 gallons capacity are not required to meet a specific water delivery time
when provided with a quick-opening device.
2.6.1 Model B-1 Accelerator with Trim for Model DDX Deluge Valve
The Reliable Model B-1 Accelerator is a normally-closed valve that is highly sensitive to the rate of
pneumatic pressure change in the system. The top chamber is filled to normal pressure with system air
or nitrogen, and is designed to accommodate minor fluctuations in pressure. The device retains normal
pressure in the top chamber when pressure drops as a direct result of one or more sprinklers opening. Upon this significant pressure decay, the top chamber exerts a downward
force across the diaphragm assembly, forcing the valve to
open and allowing system pressure to discharge to atmosphere. Operation of the accelerator speeds up the purging
of pressure from the pneumatic side of the LP Actuator and
opening of the Model DDX Deluge Valve. Simultaneously,
pressure passes through the accelerator and closes the integral Accelo-Check preventing water and water-borne debris from entering the device. This increases reliability of the
accelerator and reduces maintenance that otherwise would
be required after each operation.
Approvals and technical data for the Reliable Model B-1
Accelerator can be found on Reliable Automatic Sprinkler
Company Bulletin 323. Additional information can be also
Figure 38
found on bulletins for those systems that can benefit from the
B-1
ACCELERATOR
addition of a quick-opening device.
WITH DDX TRIM
2.7 Alarm Devices
An essential element of any automatic fire protection system is the ability to provide audible and visual notification upon detection of a fire and/or release of the system. This section is intended to provide the user
with the most common types of alarm devices; it is not intended to convey all the requirements of NFPA 72 or
other applicable codes. Responsibility for the actual design of any fire alarm system rests with the engineer
of record, certified layout technician, and/or the Authority Having Jurisdiction.
2.7.1 Model C Mechanical Alarm
The Model C Mechanical Alarm, also called a water motor gong, is a hydro-mechanical alarm usually mounted on
an outside building wall and energized by water flowing
through a primary system control valve. When the system
control valve is operated, water flows from special porting
through the ¾” strainer and ¾” piping that connects to the
water motor alarm. In the motor, water passes through a
nozzle directed against the Pelton wheel blades causing the
Pelton wheel to rotate. The striker assembly is connected
to the Pelton wheel by a drive shaft that also rotates causing the striker to impact against the gong, producing a continuous piercing alarm. After impinging against the Pelton
wheel the water drains through an outlet in the motor body.
Figure 39
33.
The alarm continues to sound as long as pressurized water is in the sprinkler system and will stop when
the main water supply control valve is closed. The water motor alarm may be temporarily silenced by
closing the alarm control valve located in the trim of the Model DDX Deluge Valve. Model C Mechanical Alarms are self resetting after each operation, eliminating the need of removing cover plates, etc.
to reset internal mechanisms.
Approvals and technical data for the Reliable Model C Mechanical Alarm can be found on Reliable
Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletins 612 and 613.
2.7.2 EPS10 Pressure Switch
Pressure activated switches are used to control the operation of fire alarm devices, trouble annunciating devices, and electrical equipment (such as, computer systems and HVAC systems) when water
flows from a primary control valve into a sprinkler system. The System Sensor Model EPS10 switch is
designed for use in automatic sprinkler systems to indicate a discharge from a sprinkler (water flow
alarm). The Model EPS10-1 has a single SPDT switch and the Model EPS10-2 has two SPDT switches.
The pressure switch can be connected directly (or indirectly via an alarm panel) to an electric bell,
horn, horn/strobe or other alarm. The EPS-10 Series features field adjustable pressure sensitivity to
provide alarm response between 4 and 20 psi (0.3 and 1.4 bar) on rising pressure. It is factory set to
respond at 4 (0.3) to 8 psi (0.3 – 0.55 bar) on rising pressure. The pressure adjustment wheel requires
no special tools. Please reference System Sensor Data Sheet A05-0176 for further information on the
EPS10 Series
2.7.3 Electric Bell
The high reliability and low power requirement of electric
bells such as the System Sensor Model SSM (24 VDC)
and SSV (120 VAC) Series makes them suitable for most
fire alarm applications. These devices are typically rated
for continuous operation and may be used in many different applications. Electric bells are available in various sizes
and finishes, and can be used for indoor or outdoor applications. Electric bells can be operated directly from an
alarm pressure switch such as the System Sensor Model
EPS10 pressure switch, or indirectly via a listed alarm panel. Please reference System Sensor Data Sheet A05-260 for
further information on electric bells.
Figure 40
3. ORDERING GUIDE
The following form is provided for your use in ordering Special Systems built around the Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company DDX valve. (Please note that this form is not applicable for 1½” Model H systems and/or PrePak
systems.) If additional information is needed, or should you need assistance in filling out the form prior to contacting your regional sales office, please contact the Technical Services Department at 1-800-557-2726, or by email at
technicalservices@reliablesprinkler.com.
34.
SPECIAL SYSTEMS ORDERING GUIDE
This sheet is provided to assist in the ordering of
DDX special systems as described in
This sheet is provided to assist in the ordering of DDX special systems
as described in The Reliable Automatic Sprinkler
Company Bulletin 700
The Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company Bulletin 700
SPECIAL SYSTEM ORDERING GUIDE
GENERAL INFORMATION
PERSON COMPLETING THIS FORM:
REPRESENTING (COMPANY):
PHONE NUMBER:
EMAIL ADDRESS:
PROJECT NAME (OPTIONAL):
STEP ONE:
3"
4"
6"
8"
2"
2.5"
VALVE SIZE
Grooved x Grooved (All Sizes)
STEP TWO:
END
Flanged x Grooved (4" & 6" Sizes Only)
CONFIGURATION
Flanged x Flanged (4", 6", & 8" Sizes)
STEP THREE:
Ductile Iron (All Sizes)
BULLETIN NO:
BODY MATERIAL
Stainless Steel (4", 6", & 8" Sizes; Deluge Only)
Deluge with Wet Pilot Line Trim
518 & 519 (Ductile)
Deluge with Dry Pilot Line Trim
516 & 517 (St. Steel)
Deluge with Electrical Actuation Trim
Single Interlock Preaction with Wet Pilot Line Trim
749
STEP FOUR:
Single Interlock Preaction with Dry Pilot Line Trim
SYSTEM TYPE
SYSTEM TYPE
Single Interlock Preaction with Electrical Actuation Trim
Double Interlock Preaction Type D
750
Double Interlock Preaction Type F
751
Double Interlock Preaction Type PL
752
Low Pressure Dry System Type EX
358 & 359 Fully Assembled with Supervised Control Valve
STEP FIVE:
Fully Assembled without Control Valve
ASSEMBLAGE
Segmentally Assembled
Individual Parts
EPS10‐2 Pressure Switch (Provided with some systems)
System Sensor
EPS40‐2 Pressure Switch (Provided with some systems)
System Sensor
Model C Mechanical Alarm
612 & 613
Tank‐Mounted Air Compressor (Specify size & voltage)
Gast Mfg
Model A2 PMD (Provided with some systems)
254
B‐SI 120 VAC Air Compressor Panel (Single Interlock)
254
STEP SIX:
C‐SI 220 VAC Air Compressor Panel (Single Interlock)
254
ACCESSORIES
Model B1 Accelerator
323
Model NS Pak
254
Nitrogen Regulating Device
254
Electric Bell (Specify Voltage)
System Sensor
PFC4410 Release Control Panel
Potter Electric
Batteries (Standard or FM 90 Hour)
Potter Electric
3/29/2014
The Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Co., Inc. 103 Fairview Park Drive Elmsford NY 10523
35.
1
Reliable...For Complete Protection
Reliable offers a wide selection of sprinkler components. Following are some of the
many precision-made Reliable products that guard life and property from fire around
the clock.
• Automatic sprinklers
• Deluge valves
• Flush automatic sprinklers
• Detector check valves
• Recessed automatic sprinklers
• Check valves
• Concealed automatic sprinklers
• Electrical system
• Adjustable automatic sprinklers
• Sprinkler emergency cabinets
• Dry automatic sprinklers
• Sprinkler wrenches
• Intermediate level sprinklers
• Sprinkler escutcheons and guards
• Open sprinklers
• Inspectors test connections
• Spray nozzles
• Sight drains
• Alarm valves
• Ball drips and drum drips
• Retarding chambers
• Control valve seals
• Dry pipe valves
• Air maintenance devices
• Accelerators for dry pipe valves
• Air compressors
• Mechanical sprinkler alarms
• Pressure gauges
• Electrical sprinkler alarm switches
• Identification signs
• Water flow detectors
• Fire department connection
The equipment presented in this bulletin is to be installed in accordance with the latest published Standards of the National Fire Protection Association, Factory
Mutual Research Corporation, or other similar organizations and also with the provisions of governmental codes or ordinances whenever applicable.
Products manufactured and distributed by Reliable have been protecting life and property for over 90 years, and are installed and serviced by the most highly
qualified and reputable sprinkler contractors located throughout the United States, Canada and foreign countries.
Manufactured by
Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Co., Inc.
(800) 431-1588 Sales Offices
(800) 848-6051 Sales Fax
(914) 829-2042 Corporate Offices
www.reliablesprinkler.com Internet Address
Recycled
Paper
Revision lines indicate updated or new data.
EG. Printed in U.S.A. 08/14
P/N 9999970362