Red Hat DIRECTORY SERVER 8.1 - 11-01-2010 Specifications

250 MHz
Digital Oscilloscope
HMO2524
Manual
English
General information regarding the CE marking
General information regarding the CE marking
KONFORMITÄTSERKLÄRUNG
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
DECLARATION DE CONFORMITE
Hersteller
Manufacturer
Fabricant
HAMEGInstrumentsGmbH
Industriestraße6
D-63533Mainhausen
DieHAMEGInstrumentsGmbHbescheinigtdieKonformitätfürdasProdukt
TheHAMEGInstrumentsGmbHdeclaresconformityoftheproduct
HAMEGInstrumentsGmbHdéclarelaconformiteduproduit
Bezeichnung:
Product name:
Designation: Oszilloskop
Oscilloscope
Oscilloscope
Typ / Type / Type:
HMO2524
mit/with/avec: HO720
HAMEG instruments fulfill the regulations of the EMC directive. The conformity
test made by HAMEG is based on the actual generic- and product standards. In
cases where different limit values are applicable, HAMEG applies the severer
standard. For emission the limits for residential, commercial and light industry
are applied. Regarding the immunity (susceptibility) the limits for industrial
environment have been used.
The measuring- and data lines of the instrument have much influence on
emission and immunity and therefore on meeting the acceptance limits.
For different applications the lines and/or cables used may be different. For
measurement operation the following hints and conditions regarding emission
and immunity should be observed:
1. Data cables
For the connection between instrument interfaces and external devices,
(computer, printer etc.) sufficiently screened cables must be used. Without
a special instruction in the manual for a reduced cable length, the maximum
cable length of a dataline must be less than 3 meters and not be used outside
buildings. If an interface has several connectors only one connector must have
a connection to a cable.
Basically interconnections must have a double screening. For IEEE-bus
purposes the double screened cable HZ72 from HAMEG is suitable.
Optionen/Options/Options: HO730,HO740
2. Signal cables
mitdenfolgendenBestimmungen/withapplicableregulations/avecles
directivessuivantes
Basically test leads for signal interconnection between test point and
instrument should be as short as possible. Without instruction in the manual
for a shorter length, signal lines must be less than 3 meters and not be used
outside buildings.
EMVRichtlinie89/336/EWGergänztdurch91/263/EWG,92/31/EWG
EMCDirective89/336/EECamendedby91/263/EWG,92/31/EEC
DirectiveEMC89/336/CEEamendéepar91/263/EWG,92/31/CEE
Niederspannungsrichtlinie73/23/EWGergänztdurch93/68/EWG
Low-VoltageEquipmentDirective73/23/EECamendedby93/68/EEC
Directivedesequipementsbassetension73/23/CEEamendéepar
93/68/CEE
Angewendete harmonisierte Normen / Harmonized standards applied
Normes harmonisées utilisées:
Sicherheit/Safety/Sécurité:
EN61010-1:2001(IEC61010-1:2001)
Signal lines must screened (coaxial cable - RG58/U). A proper ground
connection is required. In combination with signal generators double screened
cables (RG223/U, RG214/U) must be used.
3. Influence on measuring instruments
Under the presence of strong high frequency electric or magnetic fields, even
with careful setup of the measuring equipment, influence of such signals is
unavoidable.
This will not cause damage or put the instrument out of operation. Small
deviations of the measuring value (reading) exceeding the instruments
specifications may result from such conditions in individual cases.
Messkategorie/Measuringcategory/Catégoriedemesure:I
4. RF immunity of oscilloscopes.
Überspannungskategorie/Overvoltagecategory/
Catégoriedesurtension:II
4.1 Electromagnetic RF field
Verschmutzungsgrad/Degreeofpollution/Degrédepollution:2
ElektromagnetischeVerträglichkeit/Electromagneticcompatibility/
Compatibilitéélectromagnétique
EN61326-1/A1Störaussendung/Radiation/Emission:
Tabelle/table/tableau4;Klasse/Class/ClasseB.
Störfestigkeit/Immunity/Imunitée:Tabelle/table/tableauA1.
EN61000-3-2/A14Oberschwingungsströme/Harmoniccurrentemissions
Émissionsdecourantharmonique:Klasse/Class/ClasseD.
EN61000-3-3Spannungsschwankungenu.Flicker/Voltagefluctuations
andflicker/Fluctuationsdetensionetduflicker.
Datum/Date/Date
11.01.2010
Unterschrift / Signature / Signatur
Holger Asmussen
Manager
2
Subject to change without notice
The influence of electric and magnetic RF fields may become visible (e.g. RF
superimposed), if the field intensity is high. In most cases the coupling into
the oscilloscope takes place via the device under test, mains/line supply, test
leads, control cables and/or radiation. The device under test as well as the
oscilloscope may be effected by such fields.
Although the interior of the oscilloscope is screened by the cabinet, direct
radiation can occur via the CRT gap. As the bandwidth of each amplifier stage
is higher than the total –3dB bandwidth of the oscilloscope, the influence of RF
fields of even higher frequencies may be noticeable.
4.2 Electrical fast transients / electrostatic discharge
Electrical fast transient signals (burst) may be coupled into the oscilloscope
directly via the mains/line supply, or indirectly via test leads and/or control
cables. Due to the high trigger and input sensitivity of the oscilloscopes, such
normally high signals may effect the trigger unit and/or may become visible
on the TFT, which is unavoidable. These effects can also be caused by direct
or indirect electrostatic discharge.
HAMEG Instruments GmbH
Contents
General information regarding the CE marking
2
250 MHz Digital Oscilloscope HMO2524
4
Specifications
5
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
Installation and safety instructions
Setting up the instrument
Safety
Correct operation
Ambient conditions
Warranty and repair
Maintenance
CAT I
Mains voltage
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
7
7
2
2.10
Familiarize yourself with your new HAMEG
Digital Storage Oscilloscope
Front view
Control panel
Screen
Rear view
Options
General concept of instrument operation
Basic setting and integrated help
Bus Signal Source
Updates for the instrument settings and interface
firmware and the help functions
Upgrade with software options
3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
A quick introduction
Setting up and turning the instrument on
Connection of a probe and signal capture
Display of signal details
Cursor measurements
Automatic measurements
Mathematical functions
Storing data
12
12
12
13
13
14
15
15
4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
Vertical system
Coupling
Sensitivity, Y-Positioning, and Offset
Bandwidth Limit and Signal Inversion
Probe attenuation selection
16
16
16
17
17
5
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
Horizontal System (Time Base)
Capturing modes RUN and STOP
Time base adjustments
Capture modes
ZOOM function
Marker function
18
18
18
18
18
19
6
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
Trigger System
Trigger modes Auto, Normal, Single
Trigger sources
Slope trigger
Pulse trigger
Video trigger
20
20
20
20
21
21
7
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
Display of signals
Display settings
Use of the virtual screen area
Signal intensity and persistence functions
XY display
22
22
22
22
23
8
8.1
8.2
Measurements
Cursor measurements
Auto measurements
24
24
24
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
10
11
11
11
9
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
Analysis
Quick mathematics
Formula editor
Frequency analysis (FFT)
Quickview measurements
PASS/FAIL test based on masks
26
26
26
27
28
28
10
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
Documentation, storing and recalling
Instrument settings
References
Curves
Screen shots
Sets of formulas
Definition of the FILE/PRINT key
29
29
30
30
31
31
31
11
11.1
11.2
11.3
Mixed Signal Operation (optional)
Logic trigger
Display functions of the logic channels
Cursor measurements for the logic channels
32
32
33
34
12
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
12.6
12.7
12.8
12.9
Serial bus analysis (optional)
I2C bus
I2C Bus configuration
I2C bus triggering
SPI bus
SPI bus definition
SPI bus triggering
UART/RS-232 bus
UART/RS-232 bus definition
UART/RS-232 bus triggering
34
35
35
35
36
36
36
37
37
37
13
Appendix
List of figures
39
39
Subject to change without notice
3
HMO2524
250 MHz 4 Channel Digital Oscilloscope
HMO2524
NEW
Oscilloscope numérique 350 MHz 2 / 4 voies
HMO3522 / HMO3524
HMO3524
HMO2524
Nouveau
Sonde logique
8 voies HO3508
Mask test
�
Sacoche de transport HZ99
Passive Probe 1000:1
HZO20
Sonde active HZO30
AC/DC Current Probe
100/1000A HZO51
4
Subject to change without notice
�
�
�
�
�
�
�
�
�
� Echantillonnage temps réel de 4 GSa /s, et aléatoire de
50 GSa /s, convertisseurs A / N flash à faible niveau de bruit
(classe de référence)
� 4MPts de mémoire, expansion Memory
oom
jusqu’à 100.000 : 1
2.5GSa
/ sMSO
Real
time, Mixtes
25 GSa
/ s Random
sampling,
� Mode
(Signaux
Option
HO3508/HO3516)
avec 8 /flash
16 voies
low noise
A /logiques
D converter (reference class)
� Déclenchement et décodage Hardware accéléré des bus série
4MPts
memory, memory
oom up to 100,000:1
I2C, SPI, UART / RS-232 (Opt. HOO10)
MSO
Signal
Opt.
HO3508/HO3516)
with 8la/16
logic channels
� 8(Mixed
marqueurs
définis
par
l'utilisateur pour faciliter
navigation
�
Test
de
Masque
Bon
/
Mauvais
Serial bus trigger and hardware accelerated decode , I2C, SPI,
� Coefficients de déviation : 1mV/Div réglage d’Offset ± 0,2…± 20V
UART
/ RS-232 (Opt. HOO10)
� 12 div. dans l’axe des X, 20 div. dans l’axe Y (VirtualScreen)
8 user
definable
marker for
easy
navigation
� Modes
de déclenchement
: flanc,
vidéo,
impulsion, logique,
retardé,
évènement
Pass / Fail Test based on masks
� Fréquencemètre 6 digit, Autoset, mesures automatiques,
Vertical
sensitivity
1mV/div.,
Offsetdecontrol
éditeur
de formules
Math., curseurs
mesure, ±0.2...±20V
FFT pour
l’analyse
12div.
x-axisspectrale
display range, 20div. y-axis display range
� Ecran TFT VGA 16,5 cm (6,5”) haute résolution, sortie DVI
(VirtualScreen)
� Ventilation silencieuse
Trigger
modes:
slope, video,
pulsewidth,
delayed, event
� 3 x USB
pour stockage,
impression
et contrôle logic,
à distance,
en counter,
option : interface
IEEE-488 ou Ethernet
/ USB editor, ratiocursor,
6 digit
automeasurement,
formula
FFT for spectral analysis
� Crisp 16.5 cm (6.5”) TFT VGA display, DVI output
� Lowest noise fan
� 3 x USB for mass storage, printer and remote control
optional IEEE-488 or Ethernet / USB
Specifications
250 MHz 4 Channel Digital Oscilloscope
250MHz
MHz 44 Channel
Channel Digital
Digital Oscilloscope
250
HMO2524 Oscilloscope
HMO2524
HMO2524
All data valid at 23 °C after 30 minute warm-up
Alldata
datavalid
validat
at23
23°C
°Cafter
after30
30minute
minutewarm-up
warm-up
All
Display
Display
Display
Display:
6,5” VGA Color TFT
Display:
6,5”xVGA
VGA
Color TFT
TFT
Display:
6,5”
Resolution:
640
480 Color
Pixel
Resolution:
640xx400cd/m
480 Pixel
Pixel2
Resolution:
640
480
Backlight:
LED
Backlight:
LED 400cd/m
400cd/m22
Backlight:
LED
Display
area for curves:
Display
area
for
curves:
Display
area
for
curves:
without menu
400 x 600 Pixel (8 x 12 div.)
without
menu
400xxx600
600 Pixel
Pixel (8
(8xxx12
12 div.)
div.)
without
menu
400
with
menu
400
500
Pixel
(8
10
div.)
with
menu
400xxcolors
500 Pixel
Pixel (8
(8xx10
10 div.)
div.)
with
menu
400
500
Color
depth:
256
Colordepth:
depth:
256 colors
colors
Color
Intensity
steps per channel: 256
0…31
Intensitysteps
stepsper
perchannel:
channel: 0…31
0…31
Intensity
Vertical System
VerticalSystem
System
Vertical
Channels:
Channels:
Channels:
DSO mode
DSOmode
mode
DSO
MSO
mode
MSOmode
mode
MSO
Auxiliary input:
Auxiliary
input:
Auxiliary
input:
Function
Function
Function
Impedance
Impedance
Impedance
Coupling
Coupling
Coupling
Max.
input voltage
Max.input
inputvoltage
voltage
Max.
XYZ-mode:
XYZ-mode:
XYZ-mode:
Invert:
Invert:
Invert:
Y-bandwidth
(-3dB):
Y-bandwidth(-3dB):
(-3dB):
Y-bandwidth
CH1...CH4
CH1...CH4LCH0...7 (with 1 x Option HO3508)
CH1...CH4
CH1…CH3
CH1…CH3
LCH0...7(with
(with
Option
HO3508)
CH1…CH3
CH1,
CH2, LCH0...7
LCH0...15
(with112xxxOption
OptionHO3508)
HO3508)
CH1,CH2,
CH2,LCH0...15
LCH0...15(with
(with22xxOption
OptionHO3508)
HO3508)
CH1,
Rear
side
RearTrigger
side
Rear
side
Ext.
Ext. Trigger
Trigger
Ext.
1MΩ
|| 13pF ± 2pF
1MΩAC
13pF ±±2pF
2pF
1MΩ
|||| 13pF
DC,
DC,VAC
AC
DC,
100
(DC + peak AC)
100analog
(DC ++channels
peak AC)
AC)on individual choise
100
VV (DC
peak
All
All analog
analog channels
channels on
on individual
individual choise
choise
All
CH1...CH4
CH1...CH4
CH1...CH4
250MHz
(5mV...5V) / div.
250MHz (5mV...5V)
(5mV...5V)
div.
250MHz
//div.
100MHz
(1mV,
2mV)
/ div.
100MHz (1mV,
(1mV, 2mV)
2mV)//div.
div.
100MHz
2Hz
2Hz
2Hz
Lower AC bandwidth:
LowerAC
ACbandwidth:
bandwidth:
Lower
Bandwidth
limiter
Bandwidthlimiter
limiter
Bandwidth
(switchable):
approx. 20MHz
(switchable):
20MHz
(switchable):
approx.
Rise
time (calculated):
‹approx.
1,5 ns 20MHz
Rise
time
(calculated):
‹1,5
1,5ns
ns
Rise
time
(calculated):
‹2%
DC
gain
accuracy
DCgain
gain
accuracy
2%calibrated steps
DC
accuracy
2%
Input
sensitivity:
12
InputCH1...CH4
sensitivity:
12 calibrated
calibrated
steps
Input
sensitivity:
12
steps
1mV/
div.…5V/div.
(1-2-5 Sequence)
CH1...CH4
1mV/div.…5V/div.
div.…5V/div.
(1-2-5
Sequence)
CH1...CH4
1mV/
(1-2-5
Sequence)
Variable
Between
calibrated
steps
Variable
Between calibrated
calibrated steps
steps
Variable
Between
Inputs
CH1…CH4:
Inputs
CH1…CH4:
Inputs
CH1…CH4:
Impedance
1MΩ II 13pF ± 2pF (50Ω switchable)
Impedance
1MΩAC,
13pF
2pF (50Ω
(50Ω switchable)
switchable)
Impedance
1MΩ
IIII 13pF
Coupling
DC,
GND±±2pF
Coupling
DC, AC,
AC,
GND
Coupling
DC,
GND
Max.
input voltage
200V
(DC
+ peak AC), 50 Ω ‹ 5Vrms
Max.input
input
voltage
200V (DC
(DC ++Category
peak AC),
AC),I50
50
5Vrms
Max.
voltage
200V
peak
ΩΩ ‹‹I)
5V
rms
Measuring
circuits:
Measuring
(CAT
Measuring
circuits:
Category II (CAT
(CAT I)I)
Measuring
circuits:
Measuring
Position
range
±Measuring
10Divs Category
Position
range
10Divs
Position
range
±±10Divs
Offset
control:
Offset
control:
Offset
control:
1mV,
2mV
± 0,2V
1mV,2mV
2mV
0,2V
1mV,
±±±0,2V
5…50mV
1V
5…50mV
1V
5…50mV
±±±1V
100mV…5V
20V
100mV…5V
±20V
20VOption HO3508
100mV…5V
±With
Logic
channels
Logic
channels
WithTTL,
Option
HO3508
Logic
channels
With
Option
HO3508
Select.
switching thresholds
CMOS,
ECL, 2 x User -2…+8V
Select.switching
switchingthresholds
thresholds
TTL,
CMOS,
ECL, 22 xx User
User -2…+8V
-2…+8V
Select.
TTL,
Impedance
100kΩ
||CMOS,
‹ 4pF ECL,
Impedance
100kΩ |||| ‹‹4pF
4pF
Impedance
100kΩ
Coupling
DC
Coupling
DC (DC + peak AC)
Coupling
DC
Max.
input voltage
40V
Max.input
inputvoltage
voltage
40V (DC
(DC ++ peak
peak AC)
AC)
Max.
40V
Triggering
Triggering
Triggering
Analog
channels:
Analogchannels:
channels:
Analog
Automatic:
Automatic:
Automatic:
Min. signal height
Min.signal
signalrange
height
Min.
height
Frequency
Frequency
range
Frequency
range
Level
control
range
Level
controlpeak):
range
Level
control
range
Normal
(without
Normal
(without
peak):
Normal
peak):
Min.(without
signal height
Min.signal
signalrange
height
Min.
height
Frequency
Frequency
range
Frequency
range
Level
control
range
Levelcontrol
controlrange
range
Level
Operating
modes:
Operatingmodes:
modes:
Operating
Slope:
Slope:
Slope:
Sources:
Sources:
Sources:
Coupling:
Coupling:
Coupling:
Linking of peakdetection and triggerlevel
Linking0.5div
of peakdetection
peakdetection
and triggerlevel
triggerlevel
Linking
of
and
0.8div;
typ.
0.8div; 0.5div
0.5div typ.
typ.
0.8div;
5Hz…300MHz
5Hz…300MHz
5Hz…300MHz
From
peak- to peak+
From peakpeak- to
to peak+
peak+
From
0.8div; 0.5div typ.
0.8div; 0.5div
0.5div typ.
typ.
0.8div;
0…300MHz
0…300MHz
0…300MHz
-10....+10div.
-10....+10div.
-10....+10div.
Slope
/ Video / Logic/ Pulse/Busses (optional)
Slope//Video
Video
Logic/
Pulse/Busses (optional)
(optional)
Slope
//Logic/
Rising,
falling,
both Pulse/Busses
Rising, falling,
falling,
both
Rising,
both
CH1...CH4,
Line,
Ext., LCH0…15
CH1...CH4,
Line, Ext.,
Ext., LCH0…15
LCH0…15
CH1...CH4,
Line,
AC:
5Hz...300MHz
AC:5Hz...300MHz
5Hz...300MHz
AC:
DC:
0...300MHz
DC:0...300MHz
0...300MHz
DC:
HF:
30kHz...300MHz
HF:30kHz...300MHz
30kHz...300MHz
HF:
LF:
0...5kHz
LF:0...5kHz
0...5kHz
LF:
Noise
rejection: 100MHz LPF switchable
Noise
rejection:
100MHz LPF
LPF switchable
switchable
Noise
rejection:
100MHz
Video:
Pos.
/ neg.
sync. impulse
Video:
Pos.Line
neg.
sync.systems
impulse
Video:
Pos.
//neg.
sync.
impulse
Standards
525
/ 60Hz
Standards
525 Line
Line///60Hz
60Hz systems
systems
Standards
525
625
Line
50Hz
systems
625 Line
Line
50Hz
systems
625
//50Hz
Fields
Field
1, field
2, systems
both
Fields
Field
1, field
field 2,
2,line
bothnumber
Fields
Field
1,
both
Line
All,
selectable
Line
All, selectable
selectable line
line number
number
Line
All,
Source
CH1...CH4
Source
CH1...CH4
Source
CH1...CH4
Logic:
AND,
OR, TRUE, FALSE
Logic:
AND, OR,
OR, TRUE,
TRUE, FALSE
FALSE
Logic:
AND,
Source
LCH0…15
Source
LCH0…15 X, H, L
Source
LCH0…15
State
LCH0…15
Statefor trigger action: LCH0…15
LCH0…15 X,
X, H,
H, LL
State
Indicator
LED
Indicator
forvia:
triggeraction:
action: LED
LED
Indicator
for
trigger
Ext.
Trigger
Auxiliary
input [Aux. input at rear side]
Ext.Trigger
Triggervia:
via:
Auxiliary input
input [Aux.
[Aux. input
input at
at rear
rear side]
side]
Ext.
Auxiliary
0,3V…10V
ss
0,3V…10Vss
0,3V…10V
ss
2nd Trigger:
2ndTrigger:
Trigger:
2nd
Slope
Slopesignal height
Slope
Min.
Min.signal
signalrange
height
Min.
height
Frequency
Frequency
range
Frequency
range
Level
control
range
Levelcontrol
control
range
Level
range
Operating
modes:
Operating
modes:
Operating
after
time modes:
aftertime
time
after
after
incidence
after
incidence
after
incidence
Busses
(Opt.
HOO10):
Busses
(Opt.HOO10):
HOO10):
Busses
(Opt.
Source
Source
Source
Format
2
Format
IFormat
C
II22CC
SPI
SPI
SPI
UART/RS-232
UART/RS-232
UART/RS-232
Rising, falling, both
Rising,
falling,
both
Rising,
0.8
div.;falling,
0.5 div. both
typ.
0.8div.;
div.;MHz
0.5div.
div. typ.
typ.
0.8
0.5
0…300
0…300MHz
MHz
0…300
-10....+10
div.
-10....+10div.
div.
-10....+10
20 ns…0.1 s
16
20ns…0.1
ns…0.1
20
ss
1…2
16
16
2
1…2
I1…2
C
/
SPI
/
UART
/ RS-232
I22CC//SPI
SPI//UART
UART//RS-232
RS-232
ILCH0...LCH15
LCH0...LCH15binary
LCH0...LCH15
hexadecimal,
hexadecimal,
binary
hexadecimal,
binary
Trigger
on Start,
Stop, Restart, ACK, NACK,
Trigger(7
onor
Start,
Stop,
Restart,
ACK,
NACK,
Trigger
on
Start,
Stop,
Restart,
ACK,
Adress
10 Bit),
Data,
Adress
andNACK,
Data,
Adress
(7
or 10
10Bit),
Bit), Data,
Data, Adress
Adress and
and Data,
Data,
Adress
or
up
to 10(7
Mb/s
up to
to 10
10Mb/s
Mb/s
up
up
to
32
Bit
Data, Chip select (CS) pos. or
up to
to 32
32Bit
Bit Data,
Data,
Chip
select
(CS) pos.
pos. or
or
up
(CS)
neg.,
without
CS, Chip
up
toselect
25 Mb/s
neg.,
CS,up
upto
to125
25
Mb/s
neg.,
CS,
up
to
Mb/s
up
to without
8without
Bit Data,
Mb/s
up to
to 88Bit
Bit Data,
Data, up
up to
to 11Mb/s
Mb/s
up
Horizontal System
Horizontal
System
Horizontal
System
Domain
representation:
Time, Frequency (FFT), Voltage (XY)
Domainrepresentation:
representation:
Time, Frequency
Frequency
(FFT),
Voltage
(XY)
Domain
(FFT),
Voltage
(XY)
Representation
Time Base: Time,
Main-window,
mainand
zoom-window
Representation
TimeBase:
Base: Main-window,
Main-window,
main- and
and zoom-window
zoom-window
Representation
mainMemory
Zoom: Time
Up
to 100.000:1
MemoryZoom:
Zoom:
Up to
to 100.000:1
100.000:1
Memory
Up
Accuracy:
15ppm
Accuracy:
15ppm
Accuracy:
15ppm
Time
Base:
TimeRefresh
Base: operating modes 2ns / div.…20ms / div.
Time
Base:
Refresh
operating
modes 2ns
2ns//div.…20ms
div.…20ms
div.
Refresh
operating
modes
Roll
operating
modes
50ms
/ div.…50s///div.
div.
Rolloperating
operatingmodes
modes 50ms
50ms//div.…50s
div.…50s//div.
div.
Roll
Digital Storage
Digitalrate
Storage
Digital
Storage
Sampling
(real time):
Samplingrate
rate(real
(real time):
time):
Sampling
Sampling rate (random):
Samplingrate
rate(random):
(random):
Sampling
Memory:
Memory: modes:
Memory:
Operation
Operationmodes:
modes:
Operation
Resolution (vertical)
Resolution(vertical)
(vertical)
Resolution
Resolution
(horizontal)
Resolution
(horizontal)
Resolution
(horizontal)
Yt Mode
YtMode
Mode
Yt
XY
Mode
XYMode
Mode
XY
Interpolation:
Interpolation:
Interpolation:
Persistence:
Persistence:
Persistence:
Delay
pretrigger:
Delay
pretrigger:
Delay
pretrigger:
posttrigger:
posttrigger:
posttrigger:
Display
refresh rate:
Displayrefresh
refreshrate:
rate:
Display
Display:
Display: memories:
Display:
Reference
Referencememories:
memories:
Reference
4 x 1,25 GSa / s, 2 x 2,5 GSa / s
4 xx 1,25
1,25
GSa//s,
s, 2216
2,5
GSa//ss / s
4Logic
GSa
xx 2,5
GSa
channels:
x 1,25GSa
Logic channels:
channels:
16
1,25GSa
Logic
xx 1,25GSa
//ss
25GSa
/ s (n / a to16
logic
channels)
(n/2/aaxto
to
logic channels)
channels)
25GSa
//ss (n
logic
425GSa
x 2 MPts,
4 MPts
4 xx 22MPts,
MPts,
MPts
4Refresh,
22 xx 44MPts
Average,
Envelope, Peak-Detect
Refresh,
Average,
Envelope,
Peak-Detect
Refresh,
Envelope,
Peak-Detect
Roll:
freeAverage,
run / triggered,
Smooth
Roll: free
free run
run//triggered,
triggered, Smooth
Smooth
Roll:
8Bit
8Bit
8Bit
50 Pts. / div.
Pts.//div.
div.
50
Pts.
850Bit
8Bit
Bit/ x (CH1...CH4), Pulse (LCH 0...15)
8Sinx
Sinx50ms...∞
(CH1...CH4), Pulse
Pulse (LCH
(LCH0...15)
0...15)
Sinx
//xx (CH1...CH4),
Off,
Off, 50ms...∞
50ms...∞
Off,
0...2
Million x (1/ samplerate)
0...2 Million
Million xxx (1/
(1/samplerate)
samplerate)
0...2
0...8
Million
(1/
samplerate)
0...8toMillion
Million
(1/samplerate)
samplerate)
0...8
xx (1/
Up
2500 waveforms
/s
Up to
to 2500
2500 waveforms
waveforms
Up
//ss
Dots,
vectors
(interpolation),
‘persistence’
Dots,
vectors
(interpolation), ‘persistence’
‘persistence’
Dots,
typ.
10vectors
Traces(interpolation),
typ. 10
10 Traces
Traces
typ.
Operation / Measuring / Interfaces
Operation//Measuring
Measuring//Interfaces
Interfaces
Operation
Operation:
Menu-driven (multilingual), Autoset,
Operation:
Menu-driven
(multilingual),
Autoset,
Operation:
Menu-driven
(multilingual),
help
functions
(multilingual)Autoset,
help10
functions
(multilingual)
help
functions
(multilingual)
Save / Recall memories:
typ.
complete
instrument parameter setSave//Recall
Recallmemories:
memories:
typ. 10
10 complete
complete instrument
instrument parameter
parameter setsetSave
typ.
tings
tings
tings
Frequency counter:
Frequency
counter:
Frequency
counter:
0.5Hz...300MHz
6 Digit resolution
0.5Hz...300MHz
6 Digit
Digit resolution
resolution
0.5Hz...300MHz
615ppm
Accuracy
Accuracy
15ppm
15ppm
AutoAccuracy
measurements:
Frequency,
Period, pulse count, Vpp, Vp+, Vp-,
Vp+
Automeasurements:
measurements:
Period,pulse
pulsecount,
count,VVpp
Auto
Frequency,
Period,
pp
p+,, VVpp-,,,
VFrequency,
, ,t,V
RMS, VAvg, Vtop, Vbase, twidth+, twidthdutycycle+
, VVtop
, VVbase
VtVdutycycle
RMS,, VVAvg
Avg
top
base,, ttwidth+
width+,, ttwidthwidth-,, ttdutycycle+
dutycycle+,,
RMS
, t,Rise
, t,Fall
tdutycycle
tΔV,
,, ttRise
,, ttFall
dutycycle
Rise
Fall
Cursor measurements:
Δt, 1/Δt
(f),
V to Gnd, Vt related to Trigger
Cursormeasurements:
measurements:
ΔV, Δt,
Δt,ratio
1/ΔtX
(f),
to
Gnd,
related
toTrigger
Trigger
Cursor
ΔV,
1/Δt
(f),
VV to
VVttcount,
related
to
point,
and
Y,Gnd,
pulse
peak
to
point, ratio
ratio XX and
and Y,
Y, pulse
pulse count,
count, peak
peak to
to
point,
peak,
peak+,
peakpeak, peak+,
peak+, peakpeakpeak,
Interface:
Dual-Interface
USB / RS-232 (HO720)
Interface:
Dual-Interface
USB//RS-232
RS-232 (HO720)
(HO720)
Interface:
Dual-Interface
USB
USB-Stick
(frontside)
USB-Stick (frontside)
(frontside)
USB-Stick
USB-Printer
(rear side) for Postscript Printer
USB-Printer
(rear
side)for
forPostscript
PostscriptPrinter
Printer
USB-Printer
side)
DVI-D
for ext.(rear
monitor
DVI-D for
for ext.
ext.
monitor
DVI-D
monitor
Optional:
IEEE-488,
Ethernet
/ USB
Optional:
IEEE-488, Ethernet
Ethernet//USB
USB
Optional:
IEEE-488,
Display functions
Displayfunctions
functions
Display
Marker:
Marker:
Marker:
VirtualScreen:
VirtualScreen:
VirtualScreen:
Busdisplay:
Busdisplay:
Busdisplay:
Parallel
Parallel
Parallel
I22C
I2CC HOO10)
I(Opt.
(Opt. HOO10)
HOO10)
(Opt.
SPI
SPI HOO10)
SPI
(Opt.
(Opt. HOO10)
HOO10)
(Opt.
UART/RS-232
UART/RS-232
UART/RS-232
(Opt.
HOO10)
(Opt. HOO10)
HOO10)
(Opt.
up to 8 user definable marker for easy naviup to
to 88 user
user definable
definable marker
marker for
for easy
easy navinaviup
gation
gation Display with 20 Div vertical for all
gation
virtual
virtual Display
Display
with 20
20
Div
vertical for
for
all
virtual
Div
vertical
all
Math-,
Logic-, with
Busand
Reference
Signals
Math-,
Logic-, BusBusand
Reference
Signals
Math-,
Reference
Signals
up
to 2 Logic-,
busses,
userand
definable,
parallel
or
up to
to 22busses
busses,
user definable,
definable,
parallel
or
up
busses,
user
parallel
or
serial
(option),
decode of
the bus
serialin
busses
(option),
decode of
of the
the bus
bus
serial
busses
decode
value
ASCII,(option),
binary,decimal
or
hexadecivalueup
in ASCII,
ASCII,
binary,decimal or
or hexadecihexadecivalue
in
binary,decimal
mal,
to
4 lines
mal, up
upchannels
to 44 lines
linescan also be used as source
mal,
to
analog
analog
channels
can also
also be
be used
used as
as source
source
analog
for
buschannels
definitioncan
for bus
bus
definition
for
definition
color
coded
Read- , Write Adress, Data,
color coded
coded
Read- ,, Write
Write Adress,
Adress, Data,
Data,
color
ReadStart,
Stop, missing
acknowledge,
Errors
Start,
Stop, missing
missing
acknowledge, Errors
Errors
Start,
Stop,
acknowledge,
and
Trigger
condition
and Trigger
Trigger
condition
and
color
coded condition
Read, Write Adress, Data,
color coded
coded
Read- ,and
, Write
Write
Adress,
Data,
color
ReadAdress,
Data,
Start,
Stop, Errors
Trigger
condition
Start,coded
Stop, Errors
Errors
Trigger
condition
Start,
Stop,
Trigger
condition
color
Read- and
,and
Write
Adress,
Data,
color coded
coded
Read- ,and
, Write
Write
Adress,
Data,
color
ReadAdress,
Data,
Start,
Stop, Errors
Trigger
condition
Start, Stop,
Stop, Errors
Errors and
and Trigger
Trigger condition
condition
Start,
5
Subject to change without notice
Installation and safety instructions
Mathematic functions
Number of formula sets:
Sources:
Mathematic functions
Targets:
Number of formula sets:
Functions:
Sources:
Targets:
Display:
Functions:
5 formula sets with up to 5 formulas each
All channels and math. memories
Math.
memories
5 formula
sets with up to 5 formulas each
ADD,
SUB, 1/X,
ABS,
MUL,
DIV, SQ, POS, NEG,
All channels
and
math.
memories
INV,
INTG,
DIFF, SQR, MIN, MAX, LOG, EXP
Math.
memories
Up
to SUB,
4 math.
ADD,
1/X,memories
ABS, MUL,with
DIV,label
SQ, POS, NEG,
INV, INTG, DIFF, SQR, MIN, MAX, LOG, EXP
Pass / Fail functions
Display:
Up to 4 math. memories with label
Sources:
All channels and math. memories
TypePass
of test:
Mask around a signal, userdefined tolerance
/ Fail functions
Functions:
Stop
and/or Beep
for Pass
or Fail,
Sources:
All channels
and math.
memories
Count
up to 1 Mio
events,
including number
Type of test:
Mask around
a signal,
userdefined
tolerance
of
Pass
and Fail
Functions:
Stop
and/or
Beep for Pass or Fail,
Count up to 1 Mio events, including number
General Information
of Pass and Fail
Probe ADJ Output:
1kHz / 1MHz square wave signal ca. 1 Vpp
(ta ‹ 4ns)
General Information
Bus
Signal
Source:
Three
(frontside)
Probe
ADJ Output:
1kHz / outputs
1MHz square
wave which
signalgenerates
ca. 1 Vpp a
selection
(ta ‹ 4ns) of serial or parallel data for test
and
training
purposes
Bus Signal Source:
Three
outputs
(frontside) which generates a
Internal RTC (Realtime clock): Date
and time
for stored
data data for test
selection
of serial
or parallel
Line voltage:
105...253V,
/ 60Hz, CAT II
and training50purposes
Power
at for
230V,
50Hz
Internalconsumption:
RTC (Realtime clock): Max.
Date 70Watt
and time
stored
data
Protective
system:
Safety
class50
I (EN61010-1)
Line voltage:
105...253V,
/ 60Hz, CAT II
Operating
temperature:
+5...+40°C
Power consumption:
Max. 70Watt at 230V, 50Hz
Storage
temperature:
-20...+70°C
Protective
system:
Safety class I (EN61010-1)
Rel.
humidity:
5...80%
(non condensing)
Operating
temperature:
+5...+40°C
Dimensions
(W x H x D):
285
x 175 x 220 mm
Storage temperature:
-20...+70°C
Weight:
3.6
kg (non condensing)
Rel. humidity:
5...80%
Dimensions (W x H x D):
285 x 175 x 220 mm
Weight:
3.6 kg
Accessories supplied: Line cord, Operating manual, 4 Probes, 10:1 with
attenuation ID (HZ350), Dual-Interface USB/RS-232 (HO720), CD
Optional
accessories:
Accessories
supplied: Line cord, Operating manual, 4 Probes, 10:1 with
HOO10
Serial
bus trigger
and hardware
acelerated(HO720),
decode ,CD
I2C, SPI,
attenuation
ID (HZ350),
Dual-Interface
USB/RS-232
UART/RS-232 on Logic channels
Optional accessories:
HO3508
Channel
Probe
HOO10 active
Serial 8bus
triggerLogic
and hardware
acelerated decode , I2C, SPI,
HO3516 2x
HO3508, active
8 Channel
Logic Probes
UART/RS-232
on Logic
channels
HO730
Ethernet/USB
HO3508 Dual-Interface
active 8 Channel
Logic Probe
HO740
IEEE-488
galvanically
isolated
HO3516 Interface
2x HO3508,
active 8(GPIB)
Channel
Logic Probes
HZ355
Probe Ethernet/USB
10:1 with automatically identification
HO730 Slimline
Dual-Interface
HZ355DU
2x HZ350
to galvanically
2x HZ355 isolated
HO740 Upgrade
Interface from
IEEE-488
(GPIB)
HZ46
19'' Rackmount
Kit automatically identification
HZ355 4RU
Slimline
Probe 10:1 with
HZO20
Voltage
1000:1
MHz)
HZ355DU High
Upgrade
fromprobe
2x HZ350
to (400
2x HZ355
HZO30
single
ended
active probe
HZ46
4RU 19''
Rackmount
Kit (1 GHz)
HZO50
/ DC
Currentprobe
20 A, (400
DC…100
HZO20 AC
High
Voltage
probe 1000:1
MHz)kHz
HZO51
/ DCended
Currentprobe
1000(1
A,GHz)
DC…20 kHz
HZO30 AC
single
active probe
HZO50 AC / DC Currentprobe 20 A, DC…100 kHz
additional
accessories
you can 1000
find at
/ HMO2524
HZO51 AC
/ DC Currentprobe
A, www.hameg.com
DC…20 kHz
additional accessories you can find at www.hameg.com / HMO2524
1
1.1
Installation and safety instructions
Settinguptheinstrument
As can be seen from the figures, the handle can be set into
different positions:
A and B = carrying
C = horizontal operating
D and E = operating at different angles
F = handle removal
G = operating using the feet‘s, batch use and for shipping in
original packaging
STOP
Attention!
When changing the handle position, the instrument
must be placed so that it cannot fall (e.g. placed on a
G
table). Then the handle locking knobs must be simultaneously pulled outwards and rotated to the required
position. Without pulling the locking knobs they will
latch in into the next locking position.
Removal/fitting
TiPP
Removing the handle (Pos. F)
B
C
A
G
D
C
E
F
B
D
A
E
Operating positions
Carrying positions
Stacking positions
Positions of the instrument
1.2
Safety
The instrument fulfils the VDE 0411 part 1 regulations for
electrical measuring, control and laboratory instruments and
was manufactured and tested accordingly. It left the factory in
perfect safe condition. Hence it also corresponds to European
Standard EN 61010-1 and International Standard IEC 1010-1.
In order to maintain this condition and to ensure safe operation the user is required to observe the warnings and other
directions for use in this manual. Housing, chassis as well as
all measuring terminals are connected to safety ground of the
mains. All accessible metal parts were tested against the mains
with 2200 VDC. The instrument conforms to safety class I. The
oscilloscope may only be operated from mains outlets with a
safety ground connector. The mains plug has to be installed
prior to connecting any signals. It is prohibited to separate the
safety ground connection. If suspected that safe operation may
not be guaranteed do not use the instrument any more and lock
it away in a secure place.
Safe operation may be endangered if any of the following was
noticed:
– in case of visible damage.
– in case loose parts were noticed
– if it does not function any more.
– after prolonged storage under unfavourable conditions (e.g.
like in the open or in moist atmosphere).
– after any improper transport (e.g. insufficient packing not
w w w. h a m e g . co m
w w w. h a m e g . co m
of the handle: The handle can be removed in
position F, pulling the side parts outside the housing. Adding
the handle works vice versa.
HMO2524E/140110/ce · Subject to changes · © HAMEG Instruments GmbH® · DQS-certified in accordance with DIN EN ISO 9001:2000, Reg.-No.: DE-071040 QM
HAMEG Instruments GmbH · Industriestr. 6 · D-63533 Mainhausen · Tel®+49 (0) 6182 800 0 · Fax +49 (0) 6182 800 100 · www.hameg.com · info@hameg.com
6
HMO2524E/140110/ce
· Subject to changes · © HAMEG Instruments GmbH · DQS-certified in accordance with DIN EN ISO 9001:2000, Reg.-No.: DE-071040 QM
Subject to change without notice
HAMEG Instruments GmbH · Industriestr. 6 · D-63533 Mainhausen · Tel +49 (0) 6182 800 0 · Fax +49 (0) 6182 800 100 · www.hameg.com · info@hameg.com
Installation and safety instructions
conforming to the minimum standards of post, rail or transport firm)
1.3
Correctoperation
Please note: This instrument is only destined for use by personnel well instructed and familiar with the dangers of electrical
measurements. For safety reasons the oscilloscope may only
be operated from mains outlets with safety ground connector.
It is prohibited to separate the safety ground connection. The
plug must be inserted prior to connecting any signals.
The oscilloscope is destined for operation in industrial, business,
manufacturing, and domestic sites.
1.4
Ambientconditions
Operating ambient temperature: +5 °C to +40 °C. During transport or storage the temperature may be –20 °C to +70°C. Please
note that after exposure to such temperatures or in case of
condensation, proper time must be allowed until the instrument
has reached the permissible temperature, and until the condensation has evaporated before it may be turned on! Ordinarily
this will be the case after 2 hours. The oscilloscope is destined
for use in clean and dry environments. Do not operate in dusty
or chemically aggressive atmosphere or if there is danger of
explosion. The any operating position may be used, however,
sufficient ventilation must be ensured. Prolonged operation
requires the horizontal or inclined position.
Do not obstruct the ventilation holes!
Specifications are valid after a 30 minute warm-up period at 23
degr. C (tolerance ±2 degr. C). Specifications without tolerances
STOPaverage values.
are
1.5
Warrantyandrepair
HAMEG instruments are subjected to a strict quality control.
Prior to leaving the factory, each instrument is burnt in for 10
TiPP
hours. By intermittent operation during this period almost all
defects are detected. Following the burn in, each instrument is
tested for function and quality, the specifications are checked
in all operating modes; the test gear is calibrated to national
standards.
1.7
CATI
This oscilloscope is destined for measurements in circuits not
connected to the mains or only indirectly. Direct measurements,
i.e. with a galvanic connection to circuits corresponding to the
categories II, III, or IV are prohibited! The measuring circuits
are considered not connected to the mains if a suitable isolation
transformer fulfilling safety class II is used. Measurements
on the mains are also possible if suitable probes like current
probes are used which fulfill the safety class II. The measurement category of such probes must be checked and observed.
The measurement categories were derived corresponding to
the distance from the power station and the transients hence to
be expected. Transients are short, very fast voltage or current
excursions which may be periodic or not.
Measurement CAT IV: Measurements close to the power station,
e.g. on electricity meters
Measurement CAT III: Measurements in the interior of buildings
(power distribution installations, mains outlets, motors which
are permanently installed).
Measurement CAT II: Measurements in circuits directly connected to the mains (household appliances, power tools etc).
Measurement CAT I: Electronic instruments and circuits which
contain circuit breakers or fuses.
1.8
Mainsvoltage
The instrument has a wide range power supply from 105 to
253 V, 50 or 60 Hz ±10%. There is hence no line voltage selector.
The line fuse is accessible on the rear panel and part of the line
input connector. Prior to exchanging a fuse, the line cord must
be pulled out. Exchange is only allowed if the fuse holder is
undamaged. It can be taken out using a screwdriver put into the
slot. The fuse can be pushed out of its holder and exchanged.
The holder with the new fuse can then be pushed back in place
against the spring. It is prohibited to ”repair“ blown fuses or to
bridge the fuse. Any damages incurred by such measures will
void the warranty.
The warranty standards applicable are those of the country
in which the instrument was sold. Reclamations should be
directed to the dealer.
Only valid in EU countries
In order to speed claims, customers in EU countries may also
contact HAMEG directly. Also, after the warranty expired, the
HAMEG service will be at your disposal for any repairs.
Return material authorization (RMA):
Prior to returning an instrument to HAMEG, ask for a RMA
number either by internet (http://www.hameg.com) or fax (+49
(0) 6182 800 501). If you do not have an original shipping carton,
you may obtain one by calling the HAMEG service dept (+49 (0)
6182 800 500) or by sending an email to service@hameg.com.
1.6
Type of fuse:
Size 5 x 20 mm; 250V~, C; IEC 127,
Bl. III; DIN 41 662 (or DIN 41 571, Bl.
3). Cut off: slow blow (T) 2A.
Maintenance
Clean the outer case using a dust brush at regular intervals.
Dirt can be removed from housing, handle, all metal and plastic
parts using a cloth moistened with water and 1 % detergent.
Greasy dirt may be removed with benzene (petroleum ether) or
alcohol. Thereafter wipe the surfaces with a dry cloth. Plastic
parts should be treated with a suitable antistatic solution. No
fluid may enter the instrument. Do not use other cleansing
agents as they may adversely affect the plastic or lacquered
surfaces.
Subject to change without notice
7
Introduction
1
54
53
52
51
50
49
A
2
48
47
B
46
C
45 D
Fig. 2.1: Frontview of the HMO2524
2
Familiarize yourself with your new HAMEG
Digital Storage Oscilloscope
2.1
Frontview
The following controls and inputs/outputs are located on the
front: Power switch 1 , the control panel 2 , A , B , C , D , the BNC
connectors of the analog inputs 45 to 48 , the probe adjustment
output 50 , the connectors for the optional logic probes HO3508
51 52 , a USB port for USB sticks 53 , the TFT screen 54 and the
LED 49 for showing activity on the remote interface.
Please note, the connectors for the active logic probes
HO3508 51 52 are solely for theses probes. Connecting
anything else could destroy the inputs!
STOP
2.2
Controlpanel
The controls on the front panel allow direct access to the most
important functions; all extended functions are available via the
menu structure by using the grey soft keys. The power switch
1 is clearly set apart by its red colour. The most important
TiPP
controls are backlighted by coloured LEDs in order to immediately indicate the actual settings. The panel is subdivided in
these four areas:
3
4
7
6
9
10
12
13
15 16
A
Fig. 2.2:
Area A of the
control panel.
5
8
8
11
Subject to change without notice
14
17
Area A
This area encompasses these three portions: CURSOR/MENU
– ANALYZE – GENERAL.
In the portion CURSOR/MENU you find the cursor functions
6 8 , the general cursor select and adjustment knob 4 , the
Intensity/Persistence key 7 , and the key for the selection of
virtual screen.
The portion ANALYZE allows direct selection of FFT 9 displays,
the Quick-view mode 10 (all important parameters of the actual signal display), and the „Automeasure“ function 11 for the
automatic measurement of parameters.
The portion headed GENERAL comprises the following keys:
SAVE/RECALL 12 for saving and recalling instrument settings,
reference signals, signals, screen displays, and sets of formulae, HELP 16 , DISPLAY 14 for access to the general display
settings, AUTOSET 15 , SETUP 13 for access to the general
settings (e.g. the language), FILE/PRINT 17 .
Area B :
In the portion CHANNEL CONTROL
you find all controls of the analog
channels such as the position control knob 18 , the XY mode select key
19 , the vertical gain adjustment
knob 20 , the extended menu functions key 21 , the channel select
keys 22 to 25 , (the two-channel
version HMO3522 has only 22 23 )
which also serve as the selection
keys for the optional logic probes
Fig. 2.3: Area B of the
control panel.
B
22
18
23
19
24
25
20
26
21
27
Introduction
24 25 . There are also the mathematics function key 26 and the
reference signal settings key 27 .
Area C :
T his ar ea T RIG GER of the contr ol p anel of fer s all
functions for the adjustment of the trigger level 28 ,
the selection of auto or normal trigger 29 , the trigger type
31 , the trigger source 32 , single
C
sweep 33 , the trigger slope 34 , the
trigger signal filters 36 . In addition,
there are status indicators showing
28
whether a signal fulfills the trigger
conditions 30 and which slope was
selected 34 .
Area D :
The keys 37 38 39 on this control
panel area HORIZONTAL allow to
shift the trigger position horizontally, either step-by-step or using
the smaller one of the knobs. The
backlighted key 39 controls the run
or stop modes; the key will light
up red in stop mode. The key 40
activates the zoom function, the key
44 the selection of the acquisition
modes, the key 42 the access to the
time base menus. The knob 43 allows
to adjust the time base speed.
To the left of the control panel there
are the soft keys 2 which control the
menu functions.
29
33
30
34
31
35
32
36
Fig. 2.6: Screen
[1]
[2]
Fig. 2.4: Area C of the
control panel
D
37
38
37
41
42
39
[5] [4]
2.3
Screen
43
The HMO is equipped with a 6.5“
(16.5 cm) LED backlighted colour TFT 40
44
display with VGA resolution (640 x 480
pixels). In normal mode (no menus
shown) there are 12 divisions in X Fig. 2.5: Area D
direction. If menus are shown, this of the control panel
will be reduced to 10 divisions. On
the left of the screen area little arrows [1] indicate the reference potentials of the channels. The line above the graticule
contains status and settings information such as the time base
speed, the trigger delay and other trigger conditions, the actual
sampling rate, and the acquisition mode [2]. On the right of
the graticule a short menu is shown which contains the most
important settings of the channel actually being displayed; these
may be selected using the soft keys [3]. Below the graticule,
measurement results of parameters and cursors, the settings
of the activated vertical channels, of the reference signal, and
of the mathematically derived curves [4] are shown. Within the
graticule, the signals of the selected channels are displayed.
Normally, 8 vertical divisions are shown; it can be virtually extended to 20 divisions which can be displayed using the SCROLL
BAR knob 5 .
2.4
Rearview
[2]
On the rear panel there are the mains connector [1], the receptacle for the interface modules [2] (USB / RS-232, Ethernet,
IEEE-488), the standard DVI connector [3] for the connection
of external monitors and projectors, the BNC connector for
the Y output [4](of the channel selected for triggering) and the
external trigger input [5]. With the two-channel models this
connector is located on the front panel.
[3]
Fig. 2.7: Rear panel of the HMO3524
2.5
Options
The HMO series instruments offer some options which allow you
to extend the areas of application considerably. The following
interface modules are available and may be installed by the
customer in the rear receptacle:
– HO740 (IEEE-4888, GPIB, galvanically isolated)
– HO730 (combination of Ethernet and USB with integrated
web server)
All HMO series instruments are prepared for mixedsignal operation and have the appropriate connectors on the
front panel. Each of these connectors can be connected to an
8-channel logic probe HO3508, hence a maximum of 16 logic
channels is possible. Further options are the passive 500 MHz
Slimline 10:1 probes of the type HZ355, passive 1000:1 probes
with up to 4000 V of the type HZO20, active 10:1 probes with
<1 pF input capacity of the type HZO30, active difference amplifier probes HZ100, HZ109 and HZ115 with up to 1000 Vrms
and 40 MHz, the current probes HZO50 and HZO51 with up to
100 KHz bandwidth and up to 1000 A, the 19“ rack-mount set
HZ46 and the type HZ99 transport bag for the protection of the
instruments.
2.6
Generalconceptofinstrumentoperation
HAMEG oscilloscopes are renowned for easy operation, based
on a few basic principles which repeat with the diverse settings
and functions.
– Such keys which do not open a soft menu (e.g. Quickview)
switch a function on, pushing the key again will switch the
function off.
Subject to change without notice
9
Introduction
–
Such keys which call a specific function (e.g. FFT) which
in turn can call or require more settings will activate the
function upon the first touch. Pushing the key a second time
will call the soft menu (sub menu) for the settings. Pushing
the key a third time will deactivate the function.
If there are further pages on the same level, the lowest menu
point will be used for navigation. It shows the number of menu
pages on this level as well as the activated number of pages.
Pushing the respective soft menu key will advance by one page,
after the last page the first one will follow.
–
Such keys which open a soft menu upon the first touch will
close it upon pushing a second time.
2.7
–
The universal knob is used in the diverse menus either for
selecting numbers or submenus.
–
The key MENU OFF below the soft menu keys closes the
present menu or it switches to the next higher level.
–
If a channel is deactivated, pushing the respective channel
key will switch it on. If a channel was already activated
earlier, selecting another channel will change operation
to the channel whose key was pushed (its LED lights up). If
a channel is already selected, pushing its lighted key will
deactivate the channel and select the next channel according
to this sequence: CH1 > CH2 > CH3 > CH4.
–
If cursor measurements are activated, the „CURSOR SELECT“ key will select the cursor which can be moved with
the universal knob. In all menus for alpha-numeric inputs
and at the filemanager the knob is used to select or confirm
entries.
The following describes some frequently used navigation elements in the soft menus.
In the Fig. 2.8 there are two basic soft menu elements for choosing
something are shown. To select from the first three you just need
to press the soft key beside and the element is active (shown as
blue color). A second kind of selecting is shown on the lower two
menu entries. Pressing the respective soft key toggles between
the two choices, again the active selection is marked blue.
The menus are used as shown in Fig. 2.9 if they concern functions which have either to be switched on or where values have
to set. The choice is between OFF and the value presented. The
round arrow in the right corner of the menu window points to
the universal knob which is to be used for selecting the value. If
there is a lower menu level, this will be indicated by a small triangle in the right lower corner of the respective menu point.
Basicsettingandintegratedhelp
Basic settings like language for user interface and help, miscellaneous settings and interface settings can be set using
the menu which opens after pressing the SETUP key in the
GENERAL area of the control panel.
Fig. 2.10: Menu for basic settings
On the first page you can set the user interface and help language by pressing the soft key LANGUAGE and select German
or English.
The soft key beside MISC opens a menu with the following
selections:
– MENU OFF (choose manual or automatic with time limit of
4s up to 30 s for closing soft menus)
– TIME REFERENCE (position for reference of the trigger time,
choose from -5/DIV up to +5/DIV, 0/DIV is in the middle of
the screen and set as standard)
– DATE & TIME (opens menu to set date and time)
– SOUND (opens menu to set any combination of beep for
control, error and/or trigger)
– DEVICE NAME (menu to set a name for the HMO2524, maximum of 19 characters are allowed, the name will appear
in Screenshot‘s)
– DEVICE INFOS (opens a window with detailed information
about hardware and software of your HMO2524)
The next menu entry INTERFACE lets you select the interface
you are using (USB and RS-232 are standard) and possible
settings for that interface.
The last menu entry PRINTER shows all settings for postscript
printer; beginning with firmware 2.0 there will be also support
for other compatible printer.
Fig. 2.8: Selection of basic soft
menu elements
10
Subject to change without notice
Fig. 2.9: Basic soft menu
elements for settings and
navigation
At the second page of the basic menu you find the menu for
firmware and help update, which is explained in detail in the
next chapter. The last menu item is the PROBE ADJUST.
Pressing the soft key leads you to the menu where you can set
whether the probe adjust output generates a rectangular signal
with 1 kHz or 1 MHz frequency. There is a setting AUTOMATIC
which means, that for timebase settings up to and including
50 µs/DIV the probe adjust output is 1 MHz, from 100 µs/DIV on
it is switched to 1 kHz.
Introduction
The integrated help function can be activated by pressing the
key HELP in the GENERAL area of the control panel. A window
will open and the text inside is dynamically updated depending
on the key (including softmenu key’s) you are pushing or the
knob you are turning. If you do not need the help anymore, you
can switch off the help window by pushing the “HELP” key. The
backlight of the key and the text window will be switched off.
2.8
menu item UPDATE. After selecting this menu item a window
will open which displays the actual firmware version indicating
the version number, the date and build information.
BusSignalSource
The HMO2524 series features 4 contacts left of the channel 1
which provide the following signals according to the respective
settings:
–
–
–
–
–
–
Square wave signal for probe compensation (standard setting), frequency 1 kHz or 1 MHz.
SPI signal, data rates 100 kbits/s, 250 kbits/s or 1 Mbits/s
I2C signal, data rates 100 kbits/s, 400 kbits/s or 1 Mbits/s
UART signal, data rates 9600 bits/s, 115.2 kbits/s or 1 Mbits/s
parallel stochastic bit pattern, frequency 1 kHz or 1 MHz
parallel counter signal, frequency 1 kHz or 1 MHz
The contact at the top left is always ground, the signal levels
are around 1 V.
The following table shows the use of the 4 outputs S1, S2, S3
and (square wave) corresponding to the signal.
Signal
Square
wave
SPI
I2C
UART
Pattern
Counter
S1
S2
S3
no signal
no signal
no signal
Chip select
low active
no signal
no signal
bit 0
bit 0
clock,
rising edge
clock SCL
no signal
bit 1
bit 1
data,
high active
data SDA
data
bit 2
bit 2
Square wave
no signal
no signal
no signal
bit 3
bit 3
Press the key SETUP in the general area of the front panel for
entry into the bus signal source menu, select the page 2 and
press the soft menu key next to PROBE COMP. Now you can
select the operational mode for the bus signal source. For each
mode a picture with the corresponding pattern of signals on
the contacts is displayed. Pressing a soft menu key will open a
submenu for choosing the speed of the mode selected.
The square wave signal for probe compensation is available with
1 KHz for the low frequency compensation and with 1 MHz for
the high frequency compensation, also AUTOMATIC (standard
setting) may be selected. In the automatic mode, the output will
provide 1 KHz at sweep speeds from 100 µs/div, at faster sweep
speeds 1 MHz will be available.
Fig: 2.11: Updating menu and information window
Now choose which to update: the firmware or the help function.
If both are to be updated it is recommended to first update the
firmware. After you selected firmware updating by pushing
the appropriate key the respective date will be searched on
the stick, the information of the firmware to be updated from
the stick will be displayed below the line NEW. In case the new
firmware should be identical to the existing one, the number
of the version will be shown in red, otherwise it will be shown
in green; only then should you activate the updating by pushing
the soft key EXECUTE.
If you intend to update the help function or add a help language
choose HELP in the updating menu.
The information window will now display the languages installed, the date, and the information about the languages available
on the stick. With the soft menu, languages may be added,
removed or updated. Please note the format of the date:YYYYMM-DD according to the multi language norm of ISO 8601.
2.10 Upgradewithsoftwareoptions
The HMO may be upgraded with options which will become
accessible after inputting a licence key.
At this time, the option HOO10 is available which allows triggering and decoding of the serial buses I2C, SPI, UART/RS-232
on the digital channels (with option HO3508).
These signals allow to learn and check the settings for the
parallel and optional serial bus analysis.
The licence key will be sent to you by email as an appended data
file (name: SERIAL NUMBER.hlk). This file is an ASCII file and
may be opened with an editor, then the true key can be read.
2.9
There are two methods for employing the key to use the desired
option: the automatic or the manual input.
Updatesfortheinstrumentsettingsand
interfacefirmwareandthehelpfunctions
The HMO series is being improved continuously. You are invited to download the most recent firmware under www.hameg.
com/hmo3524. Firmware and help are packed into one ZIP
data packet. After downloading the ZIP data unpack it into an
USB stick’s basic directory. Thereupon insert the stick into the
USB port of the oscilloscope and push the key SETUP in the
GENERAL area of the front panel. Choose page 2 in the menu,
if this has not been opened already. Here you shall find the
The fastest and simplest method is the automatic input: first
store the file on an USB memory stick, then install the stick
into the front panel FRONT USB port of your HMO and press
the key „SETUP“ in the „General“ area of the HMO front panel.
The „SETUP“ menu will open. Select page 2 by pressing the
respective soft menu key, the following menu will open:
Subject to change without notice
11
Introduction
3
A quick introduction
The following chapter is intended to introduce you to the most
important functions and settings of your new HAMEG HMO
oscilloscope in order to allow you to use the instrument immediately. The internal calibrator signal output is used as the
signal source, so you will not need any additional instruments
for the first steps.
3.1
Fig. 2.12: „UPGRADE“ menu.
Now open the „UPGRADE“ menu by pressing the respective soft
menu key. Then press the soft menu key next to „Read Licence
file“ which will open the data manager. Use the universal knob
to select the correct file and then press the soft menu key next
to „LOAD“. This will load the licence key; the option will be ready
to use immediately after a fresh start of the instrument.
Settingupandturningtheinstrumenton
Position the handle so the display will be inclined slightly upwards. (See chapter 1.2 for positioning of the handle.) Plug the
power cord into the rear panel connector. The instrument will
be turned on by pushing the red key On/Off 1 on the front panel.
After a few seconds the display appears, and the oscilloscope
is ready for measurements. Now press the key AUTOSET 15
for at least 3 seconds.
3
4
7
6
9
10
12
13
15 16
A
The alternative method is the manual input of the licence key:
select the menu „UPGRADE“ and press the soft menu key next
to „Manual key input“. This will open an input window, use the
universal knob and the „ENTER“ key to input the licence key.
5
8
11
14
17
Fig. 3.1: Control panel HMO
3.2
Connectionofaprobeandsignalcapture
Take one of the probes HZ350 delivered with the instrument,
detach the protective cap from the top. Apply the compensation
box to the BNC connector of channel 1 and turn the black knob
CW until it latches positively.
STOP
Fig. 2.13: Manual licence key input.
After inputting of the complete key please press the soft
menu key next to „ACCEPT“ in order to input the key into the
system. The option will be activated after a fresh start of the
instrument.
Passive probes be compensated prior to first use.
Please refer to the probe manual for the proper
compensation procedure. Place the probe in the
appropriate position on the „ADJ.“ output such that
the tip will be accepted by the hole of the right output
while the ground connection is made to the left output,
as shown in Fig. 4.3 in chapter 4.
TiPP
Fig. 3.2: Screen display after connection of the probe
12
Subject to change without notice
A quick introduction
On the right hand side of the screen you will see a short menu of
channel 1, the soft keys allow you to select frequently used settings.
Press the top soft key once to change the input coupling to DC.
You see now a two-window display: the display will show in
the top area the complete captured signal, below an enlarged
portion. Use the time base knob to select the zoom factor and
the small knob for horizontal positioning.
The actual settings are marked by underlying blue
fields, repeated pressing of the keys will alternate
between the settings.
STOP
TiPP
Fig. 3.6: ZOOM function
By pressing the ZOOM key 40 again the zoom mode be will be
deactivated.
Fig. 3.3: Screen display after changing to DC coupling
Now press the AUTOSET key 15 once shortly, after a few seconds
the oscilloscope will have automatically selected appropriate
vertical, horizontal time base and trigger settings. You will see
now a square wave signal.
3.4
Cursormeasurements
After displaying the signal and its details we now proceed to
measuring it using the cursor functions. Press again shortly
AUTOSET 15 and then the CURSOR/MEASURE key 8 . Now
the cursor menu will open up, and you can select the kind of
cursor. Press the top soft key in order to open the appropriate
menu. Use the knob in the CURSOR/MENU area for the selection by turning it CCW until the V-marker is underlined, press
the CURSOR SELECT key or wait for some seconds in order
to accept the selection. Now two cursors will be displayed
along with the signal, and the measurement results in the
right bottom area of the screen. Select the active cursor with
the SELECT key 3 and position it with the knob.
Fig. 3.4: Screen display after Autosetup
3.3
Displayofsignaldetails
With the knob 43 you can change
the displayed time window: turning
it CCW will slow the time base. The
memory depth of 2 MB per channel
allows you to capture wide time windows with high resolution. Continue
to turn the knob CCW until you read
„TB:5ms“ in the top left corner. Now
press the ZOOM key 40 .
Fig. 3.5: Area of the control panel
containing the ZOOM knob
D
37
38
37
41
42
39
Fig. 3.7: Cursor measurements
43
40
44
The cursor measurement results will be displayed in the left
bottom corner of the screen. In this case the „V cursor“ has selected the voltages at the two cursor positions, their difference,
and the time difference between the positions will be shown. The
cursors will be switched off by pressing the CURSOR/MEASURE
key and the associated CURSORS OFF soft key.
Subject to change without notice
13
A quick introduction
3.5
Automaticmeasurements
In addition to cursor measurements the most important signal
parameters can be displayed. Your HAMEG oscilloscope offers
these possibilities:
– the definition of the display of 2 parameters which may come
from different sources
–
the appropriate softkey’s the parameter measurements are
displayed in the right bottom corner of the screen. If you press
the softkey beside TYPE you can choose the parameter you want
from the list using the general knob. This procedure is used in
all menus where choices are available. Please press the key
TYPE and choose risetime.
a quick view of all important parameters of one source using
the QUICK VIEW function.
Please change the time base now to 100 µs/div. and press the
QUICK VIEW key 10 .
Fig. 3.10: Selection of parameters
Fig. 3.8: Quick View parameter measurement
Here you see the most important parameters of a signal displayed:
– positive and negative
– rise and fall times
peak voltages
– mean voltage
Now use soft key next to Source 2 in order to select this menu
item and thus channel 2. Now the rise time of channel 1 and
the mean value of channel 2 are shown. After the menu has
been closed, the parameters can be identified by the colours
of the respective channels, (here yellow for channel 1 and
blue for channel 2.)
In the right bottom corner of the screen 4 more parameters
are shown:
– rms value
– peak-to-peak voltage
– frequency
– period
Thus by simply pressing a key you see 9 parameters at a glance
which characterize the signal. This function applies always to
the acutal active channel.
You may also display two parameters of two different signals. In
order to achieve this deactivate the QUICK VIEW function by pressing the key again, then activate channel 2 by pressing the CH2
key. Open the following menu by pressing AUTOMEASURE 11 :
Fig. 3.11: Measuring the parameters of two sources
3.6
Fig. 3.9:
Auto Measure
menu
The two parameters are displayed in the right bottom corner of
the screen. You may define the parameter measurement using
this menu. After switching on MEASURE 1 and MEASURE 2 with
14
Subject to change without notice
Mathematicalfunctions
In addition to cursor and parameter measurements your HMO
can also apply mathematical functions to the signals. By pressing the MATH key a short menu will open which allows you to
select one or two predefined mathematical functions. A quick
setting of mathematical functions is possible by selecting the
menu item at the bottom. This mode allows you to select the
addition or subtraction of two activated sources. The formula
editor allows to predefine 5 possible mathematical functions,
it is called by pressing the MATH key (which lights up red) and
the MENU key 21 .
A quick introduction
Fig. 3.12: Formula editor
Fig. 3.14: Menu SCREENShOTS
In order to change the settings use the soft keys and the universal
knob. Here you can program and store the formulae most used.
As mentioned earlier these formulae can be quickly switched on
and off by pressing the MATH key 26 and using the appropriate
short soft menue.
Please verify that the USB connector into which you plugged the
USB stick (front or rear) is written in the top soft menue (You
can change the destination by opening the respective menu if
you press the softkey next to STORAGE). You can now save a
Screenshot if you press the softkey next to SAVE using the predefined name written in the menu below FILE NAME. You may
name the destination memory with up to 8 characters; in order
to do this select the menu item FIlE NAME and define the name
by using the universal knob and the CURSOR SELECT key.
3.7
Storingdata
Your HMO can store 5 different kinds of data:
– Instrument settings
– Reference signals
– Signals
– Screen displays
– Sets of formulae.
Signals and screen displays can only be stored on USB sticks.
All other data can be stored either on a USB stick or in the
instrument’s non-volatile memories. In order to store data you
have to define the kind of data and the destination. First attach
a USB stick to the front panel connector. Press SAVE/RECALL
12 in order to call the respective menu.
Fig. 3.15: Defining a file name
After the soft key next to Accept was pressed the oscilloscope
will have stored the name and return to the settings menu. Here
you can now store the actual screen display by pressing the
STORE soft key. Alternatively, you can return to a lower menu
level (by pressing the lowest Menu OFF key) and select the
menu item key FILE/PRINT. In the following menu press the soft
menu key next to SCREENShOTS: this will assign the function
Screen Shot to the key FILE/PRINT with the settings chosen.
This enables you to store a bit map file on your USB stick by just
pressing FILE/PRINT 17 at any time and in any menu.
Fig. 3.13: Save/Recall menu
Select the kind of data by pressing the respective soft key (in
this example SCREENShOTS) in order to access the settings
menu.
Subject to change without notice
15
A quick introduction
VO
4
The passive probes must be adjusted to the inputs
to which they are connected. See the probe manual
for the adjustment procedure. The PROBE ADJUST
output is only usable for 1:1 and 10:1 probes, for 100:1
or 1000:1 probes special external generators with a
perfect step response have to be used. Please use
the shortest possible ground connection.
Vertical system
For the vertical settings there are
the knobs for the vertical position
and the sensitivity, an always visible short menu and an extended
menu.
STOP
B
22
C
18
23
TiPP
19
24
ADJ.
LOGIC CHANNELS
USB STICK
POD 2 (15..8)
25
REM
CH 1
POD 1 (7..0)
1MΩ II 13pF
max.
200 Vp
20
26
Fig. 4.1: Front panel area with
vertical system
controls
Made in Germany
21
!
27
Use recommended probes only!
By pushing the respective key the channel will be selected for
which these controls will be activated, this will be indicated by
the key lighting up in the color of the channel. Additionally, the
channel number on the screen will be framed and displayed
lighter than the channels not activated. The appropriate short
menu is always visible, the extended menu will be shown upon
pushing the key MENU 21 .
!
S1 S2 S3
Bus Signal
Source
Fig. 4.3: Correct connection of the probe to
the probe adjust output
The coupling is selected in the short menu: by just pushing the
appropriate key the coupling is chosen, also the signal may be
inverted. The menu is valid for the activated channel as indicated
by the channel key light up. The channel number will be shown
in the top of the menu. By pushing the respective key of another
channel the menu will transfer to this channel.
4.2
Sensitivity,Y-Positioning,andOffset
The sensitivity of the analog inputs can be selected with the large
knob in the CHANNEL CONTROL section of the front panel in
1-2-5 steps from 1 mV/div to 5 V/div independent of the 50 Ω or
1 MΩ selection. The knob is associated with the channel selected
by pushing the respective key. The sensitivity can be changed
to continuous control by pushing the knob once. The smaller
one of the knobs is used for vertical positioning.
Fig. 4.2: Short menu for the vertical settings
4.1
Coupling
The first item to be selected is the input impedance: 1MΩ or
50 Ω.
By pushing the MENU key the extended menu is called. On page
2 of this menu a DC offset can be added to the signal. In order
to switch this offset in the respective soft key must be pushed.
The settings window will be backlit in blue, and the activity
indicator next to the general knob will light up; the offset can
now be adjusted with the knob. The offset voltage will be added
to the signal at the vertical amplifier input offsetting it by that
amount from the zero position. The possible amount of offset
depends on the Volts/div setting chosen. The offset function
being activated will be indicated by two channel markers on
the left of the display, also visible if the menu was closed. One
Do not connect the 50 Ω inputs to effective voltage
higher than 5 volts!
The 50 Ω input impedance should only be selected if the siSTOP source is 50 Ω, such as a generator with a 50 Ω output
gnal
where the termination within the scope is to be used. In all
other cases 1 MΩ is to be selected. Next DC or AC coupling
has to be selected: with DC coupling all components of the
signal will be displayed, with AC coupling the DC content will
TiPP
be removed, the lower bandwidth is 2 Hz. Up to 250 Vrms may
be applied directly to the vertical inputs if 1 MΩ is selected.
Higher voltages can be measured with probes (up to 40 KVp).
For general applications the probes HZ350 (10:1, 10 MΩ II 12 pF,
max. 400 Vp) supplied with the instrument will be used. They
are specified for the 1 MΩ input; the probe factor will be read
from the probe and factored in; they feature a 10 MΩ impedance
at low frequencies.
16
Subject to change without notice
C
Fig. 4.4: Vertical offset in the extended menu
Vertical system
marker indicates the position, the other the offset (refer to Fig.
4.4). The offset is individually adjustable for each channel.
Each analog channel may also be shifted in time by ±15 ns. This
adjustment is selected in the same menu and according to the
same method as the DC offset; it is used for compensating for
the different signal delays of voltage and current probes and
different cable lengths.
4.3
BandwidthLimitandSignalInversion
An analog 20 MHz low pass can be inserted in the signal path
in either the short or extended menu. This will eliminate all
higher frequency interference. The filter is activated in the
short menu by pushing the respective soft key; the information
field will be backlit in blue, BW will be displayed in the channel
information window.
Signal inversion is available in the short and the extended menus. If it is activated the information field will be backlit in blue,
and there will be a bar above the channel number.
4.4
Probeattenuationselection
The HZ350 probes supplied with the instrument will be recognized by the instrument which automatically selects the
appropriate factor. If any other probe without automatic recognition of the attenuation ratio or just a cable is connected to the
instrument, the attenuation factor can be set manually in the
extended menu. This is possible for x 1, x 10, x 100 x 1000 or as
defined by the user from x 0.001 to x 1000.
Subject to change without notice
17
Horizontal System
5
displayed such that, with time, an envelope of the signal
will be displayed.
Horizontal System (Time Base)
As well as time base settings, the
horizontal system comprises the
selection of the trigger position,
the zoom functions and the available modes of signal capture. The
knobs are used for the adjustment
of the time base speed and the
trigger position. The signal capture
modes are selected in the respective menus. There is a key provided
for activating the zoom function.
38
37
Smoothing:
In this mode continuous averaging is used which allows increase of the vertical resolution at the expense of bandwidth
reduction.
41
42
39
43
Fig. 5.1: Control panel of
the horizontal system
The second menu page is accessed by pushing the soft key
next to the menu „Page 1/2“, here, extended functions are
available:
–
RANDOM SAMPL:
For very fast signals displayed with the fastest sweep speeds
it can be advantageous to switch the instrument to Random
Sampling mode; in this mode very many signal periods are
used to generate a high resolution picture, provided the
signal does not change its shape. This is equivalent to a
sampling rate of approx. 50 GSa/s. The oscilloscope will
not automatically enter this mode, however, it is possible to
select automatic switching to Random sampling >20 ns/div..
The mode can be disabled by pushing the soft key.
–
PEAK VALUE:
At very slow sweep speeds fast signal details will not be
visible. By selecting this mode peaks will be detected. This
function can be switched on or off in the menu, it is also
possible to select automatic switching in.
CapturingmodesRUNandSTOP
The capturing modes can be selected with the key RUN/STOP.
In RUN mode signals will be continuously captured; depending
on the trigger conditions selected, and displayed, erasing the
previously captured ones. If it is desired to store and further
analyze a signal and to prevent it being overwritten, capture
must be stopped by pushing the RUN/STOP key. While in STOP
mode capture is disabled and the key will light up red.
Timebaseadjustments
The large knob in the HORIZONTAL section of the control panel
is used for the selection of the time base speed. The time base
speed is displayed in the upper left hand corner above the
graticule. (e.g. „TB:500 ns“) To the right there is the display of
the trigger time position with respect to the normal position.
The normal trigger position is in the center of the graticule
such that 50 % of the signal display is before and 50 % is after
this trigger position. The X POSITION knob allows continuous
adjustment of the X position. The available maximum values
depend on the time base setting. By pushing the key SET/CLR
the value will be reset to its reference position. The arrow keys
37 allow you to change the X position by a fixed amount of
5 divisions in the respective direction. The key MENU opens
a menu which allows you to set the X position to its minimum
and maximum positions by just a key touch. In addition, there
is a submenu NUMER.INPUT which allows entry of an arbitrary
X position.
5.3
–
D
44
5.2
Average:
Functions only with repetitive signals. The universal knob in
the CURSOR/MENU section of the front panel is used to set
the number of signal periods for averaging, this is possible
in powers of 2 from 2 to 256. Please note: Averaging reduces
the bandwidth.
37
40
5.1
–
Capturemodes
The capture modes are selected by pushing the key ACQUIRE,
this opens a display menu which offers the 5 basic modes of
capture:
All the preceding functions are normally off. The lowest item in
the soft menu allows you to select the preferred signal capturing
repetition rate, there are 3 options:
–
MAX. REP RATE:
In this mode an optimum combination of sampling rate and
memory length used will be selected automatically such that
the signal capturing rate will be maximized.
–
MAX. SAMPL. RATE:
In this mode the maximum possible sampling rate will be
used.
–
AUTOMATIC:
This mode is the standard mode: the instrument always
selects the optimum combination of capturing and sampling
rates (full memory length used).
5.4
ZOOMfunction
–
Normal:
In this mode the signals are captured and displayed.
–
Roll:
This is a mode especially useful for very slow signals: the
signal „rolls“ slowly untriggered from right to left over the
screen (signals must be slower than 200 kHz).
The HMO oscilloscope features a memory depth of 2 MB per
channel, this allows you to record long complex signals which
can be analyzed in detail with the ZOOM function. Push the
ZOOM key to activate this function. The screen will be partitioned
into two graticule areas: the top one displays the whole time
base window; the lower one displays the zoomed portion of it.
The zoomed portion will be indicated in the upper display by two
blue cursors. With multi channel displays all channels will be
zoomed by the same factor and on the same portion.
–
Envelope:
In this mode the signal will be displayed as in NORMAL,
but its minimum and maximum excursions will also be
In Fig. 5.2 a signal was recorded for 12 ms, the zoom window
is shown with a time scale of 100 µs/div. The time base speed
display in the left upper corner is shown with a grey background,
18
Subject to change without notice
Horizontal System
of a curve may be marked. By pressing one of the arrow buttons
the next marker left or right of the center will be shifted to the
center. In order to erase a marker, shift it to the center and
press the key SET/CLR anew. After pressing the key „MENU“
in the HORIZONTAL area of the front panel all markers can be
erased by pressing the respective soft menu key.
By centering the markers with the arrow buttons a comparison
of signal portions marked in the ZOOM mode is possible, simply
and very fast.
Fig. 5.2: extended zoom function
the zoom time base display is shown in white. This means
that the large knob in the horizontal menu is now available
for changing the zoom factor. This knob also features a push
contact; if the knob is pushed, the time base display will change
to white, and the zoom time base display to grey: now the knob
is available for changing the time base setting. This allows you
to change time base settings without leaving the zoom mode.
By pressing the knob again, the cursors limiting the zoom area
will be shown pronounced in white, now the knob will also allow
to change the zoom area. The position of the zoomed area can
now be shifted with the small knob in the horizontal area of the
front panel over the whole signal. If pushing the large knob as
described above would influence the time base setting and not
the zoom factor, the small knob regains the function of shifting
the trigger position so the relationship of pre to post trigger
record can be changed.
5.5
Markerfunction
Fig. 5.3: Marker in zoom mode
In order to access the marker function, press the key MENU in
the HORIZONTAL area of the front panel, then select the soft
menu „TIME MARKER“. If this mode is activated, a time marker
may be set by pressing the SET/CLR key at the 6th unit of time
(if the menu is deactivated this will be the center of the graticule). The markers are identified by a grey-blue vertical line.
Now the curve can be shifted with the position control knob, the
marker set will go along. If another interesting point is found,
another marker may be set after the point has been shifted to
the graticule center. By this method up to 8 interesting points
Subject to change without notice
19
Trigger System
6
Trigger System
The trigger system of the HMO is
easy to handle by just observing
the HAMEG concept of instrument
operation.
Fig. 6.1: Front panel control area of
the trigger system
C
28
29
33
30
34
31
35
32
36
There are 4 keys destined for frequently used functions:
–
TYPE: selects the type of trigger: SLOPE, PULSE, LOGIC,
VIDEO and the B-TRIGGER.
–
SLOPE: selects the slope polarity.
–
SOURCE: opens the menu for the selection of the trigger
source.
–
FILTER: opens the menu for the selected trigger type in
order to select the exact trigger conditions.
Additional keys are provided for the selection of the trigger
modes: (AUTO. NORMAL, SINGLE).
6.1
TriggermodesAuto,Normal,Single
The basic trigger modes are directly selectable with the key
AUTO NORM. In AUTO mode the key will not be lit. If the key is
pushed it will light up red indicating NORMAL mode.
The oscilloscope always presents a signal in AUTO mode and
a signal will automatically yield a stable display if it fulfills the
trigger conditions.
In NORMAL mode the signal will be displayed if it fulfills the
trigger conditions, if it fails to do so the last stable triggered
display will remain on the screen.
If it is desired to record a signal which fulfills the trigger conditions only once, the key SINGLE must be pushed, it will light
up white. This indicates that the single trigger mode is active,
the RUN/STOP key will blink. The next return of the signal will
cause a single capture, the oscilloscope then goes into the STOP
mode, indicated by the RUN/STOP key lighting up in red.
6.2
Triggersources
6.3
Slopetrigger
Fig. 6.2: Coupling modes with slope trigger
panel. A menu will open and offer the options. If the type SLOPE
was not selected (blue background) pushing the respective soft
key will change to slope. The SLOPE key is also used to step
through the options rising, falling, or both slopes. In the center
of the status line top center above the graticule the type selected
will be shown. If the key FILTER is pushed, the respective menu
will open and offer the available options.
Here the trigger signal coupling can be selected:
DC:
The trigger signal is used with its dc content.
AC:
The trigger signal is routed via a 5 Hz high pass filter.
HF:
The trigger signal is routed via a 15 kHz high pass filter.
The trigger level is no longer adjustable. This mode
should only be used with very high frequency signals.
LOW PASS: The trigger signal is routed via a 5 kHz low pass
filter.
NOISE RED.: The trigger signal is routed via a 100 MHz low
pass filter removing higher frequency interference.
The coupling modes low pass and noise reduction can not be
simultaneously selected, but they can be used with DC or AC
coupling.
Trigger sources are the 4 analog channels and the external
trigger input. If the optional logic probe HO3508 with 8 or 16
logic channels is connected, also those up to 16 digital channels can serve as trigger sources.
The simplest and most used trigger type is slope trigger, this
one is also selected in the AUTOSETUP function. Pushing the
AUTOSETUP key will hence change any previously selected
trigger type to slope trigger. For the selection of the trigger
type push the key TYPE in the trigger control section of the front
20
Subject to change without notice
Fig. 6.3: The type B-Trigger
The slope trigger can be coupled with a so called „B Trigger“.
This option is available after pushing TYPE. This function allows
Trigger System
you to adjust the trigger such that first condition „A“ must be met
and then another condition „B“ before the trigger will respond
(refer to Fig. 6.3).
E.g. it is possible to define a source (channel) and a level of
120 mV on the rising slope of that signal and for the second
condition a level of 80 mV on the falling slope. Additionally, it is
possible to define whether the B event should occur a time (min.
8 ns) or a number (min. 1) of times after the A event. The level or
time or the number of events can be entered numerically with
the universal knob or in a submenu. In order to do this first select
the setting, then push the soft key next to NUMERIC INPUT. In
the window which will open, you can enter numbers and units
with the combination of universal knob, the CURSOR SELECT
key and the visible softmenu functions.
6.4
Pulsetrigger
The pulse trigger allows you to trigger on finite pulse widths of
positive or negative pulses, or ranges thereof. Select the pulse
trigger by pushing the key TYPE and the respective soft key
next to PULSE. Further settings are available in the soft menu
after pushing FILTER.
6.5
Videotrigger
The video trigger allows you to trigger on PAL or NTSC standard
video signals. Select this mode by pushing the key TYPE in the
trigger control section of the front panel. The source is again
selected after pushing the key SOURCE. In the menu which
opens after pushing the key FILTER all further settings may
be performed.
First select the video standard PAL or NTSC by pushing the
respective soft key. As usual the selection will be indicated by
a blue background in the menu. The second setting will apply
to the polarity of the sync pulses. Next either the mode LINE
or FRAME can be selected. If LINE was selected, the precise
number of a desired line can be selected with the universal knob
from the 8th to the 623rd; this will be activated by pushing the
soft key next to the line number. The two other menu items allow
fast selections: LINE MIN sets the trigger line to the minimum
value, ALL LINES will cause triggering on any line. If FRAME
was chosen, the lower menu items will allow to trigger on ALL,
only the ODD or only the EVEN half frames.
There are 6 options:
ti ≠ t: The pulse width ti is unequal to the reference width t.
ti = t: The pulse width ti is equal to the reference width t.
ti < t: The pulse width ti is smaller than the reference width t.
ti > t: The pulse width ti is greater than the reference width t.
t1<ti<t2: The pulse width ti, is smaller than the reference width
t2 and greater than the reference width t1.
not(t1<ti<t2): The pulse width ti, is greater than the reference
width t2 and smaller than the reference width t1.
Fig. 6.5: Video trigger menu
Fig. 6.4: Pulse trigger menu
First select the desired option and then adjust the desired reference time. If you choose „ti ≠ t“ od „ti = t“, you can select the
reference time after pushing the soft key next to TIME by turning
the universal knob. If you choose the soft menu item DEVIATION
the universal knob is used to define a tolerance interval. If you
chose ti < t or ti > t, you can only define one limit. Both options
with two references (t1 and t2) can be set due to pressing the respective soft key and turning the universal knob. All these settings
can be combined with positive or negative pulses by selecting
the respective soft menu keys. With positive pulses the width is
defined from the rising to the falling slopes, with negative pulses
from the falling to the rising slopes. Triggering will then be on the
second slope of the pulse.
Subject to change without notice
21
trigger System
7
Display of signals
channels D0 to D15, the math functions and the references.
The analog channels can only use up to ±5 divisions from the
center.
The following chapter describes the selection and display of signals from various sources and the available display modes.
7.1
Displaysettings
The HMO features a high quality TFT – VGA (640 x 480 pixel resolution) display with LED backlighting. The basic settings will
become accessible in the menus which will open after pushing
the key DISPLAY in the GENERAL section of the front panel. If
the menu item SCROLL MODE is activated, a rolling bar will
appear to the right of the graticule; a virtual display window of
20 divisions will become available which can be shifted up and
down with the universal knob. A detailed description will follow
in the next chapter.
There are 3 more menu items on the first page:
Fig. 7.1: Drawing of the virtual screen area and an example
DOTS ONlY:
The respective soft menu key will toggle between ON and OFF. If
ON is activated, only the captured samples will be shown as dots.
If OFF is activated, interpolated points will be shown as well.
The picture above explains the function of the virtual screen. The
visible 8 divisions are shown in grey; this is the area available
for analog signals. To the right of the graticule there is a small
bar which indicates the position of the visible 8 divisions within
the possible 20 divisions. By pushing the key SCROLL BAR the
bar will be activated indicated by its color changing to blue; now
turning the universal knob will shift the visible 8 divisions (grey
area) within the available 20 divisions. This allows a simple and
clear display of many individual signal portions.
INVERSE lIGhT:
The respective soft menu key will toggle between ON and OFF.
If ON is activated, those display points will be shown darker
which appear most frequently. If OFF is activated, they will be
shown brighter.
FAlSE COlOURS:
The respective soft menu key will toggle between ON and OFF.
If ON is activated, the color of the display points are shown
from blue over magenta, red and yellow up to white with growing number of appearing points. If OFF is activated, the most
frequently appearing ones will be shown brighter and the rarer
ones darker. If you enter page 2 of the menu, you will have three
additional choices.
GRATICUlE:
If this menu item is selected, the submenu which opens up will
allow you to choose:
– LINES:
The graticule is divided into horizontal and vertical divisions.
– CENTER CROSS:
– There will be just one center vertical line and one center
horizontal line; the divisions will be marked by dots.
– OFF: The screen will be empty.
7.3
Signalintensityandpersistencefunctions
In the standard mode, the key INTENS/PERSIST will light up
white: the intensity of the signal display can be changed with the
universal knob from 0 to 100 %. The persistence mode may be
selected for the display of varying signals: this is a storage mode
such that several curves may be written to remain on the screen.
Also the so called „Variable Persistence“ may be selected: in
this mode the persistence can be changed from 50 ms to infinity;
this will cause the most recent portion of the signal to appear
bright while the preceeding portions will fade in proportion to
the time elapsed. This mode can be selected in the soft menu
which will open upon pushing the key INTENS/PERSIST; the
signal intensity can be changed also in this menu.
INFO WINDOW:
If this menu item is selected, a submenu will open up which
allows change of the transparency of the info windows (e.g.
for showing changes of the offset) from 0 to 100 %. This is done
with the universal knob. The info windows of the POSITION
and the CURVE INTENSITIES may be switched on or off if their
respective menus are chosen.
AUX. CURSORS:
Pushing the respective soft menu key will open a submenu
which allows you to switch the auxiliary cursors for the trigger
level, the trigger time and the channel cursors on or off.
7.2
Useofthevirtualscreenarea
The HMO graticule has 8 vertical divisions but there is a virtual range of 20 divisions. These may be used by the 16 digital
22
Subject to change without notice
Fig. 7. 2: Menu for setting the signal display intensities
Two more menu items are available: GRID and BACKlIGhT by
pushing the respective soft menu keys; the intensities can be
changed with the universal knob. The soft menu key next to the
lowest menu item toggles between hIGh and lOW of the LED’s of
Trigger System
all backlit keys and all other LED displays on the front panel.
After selecting the menu items PERSISTENCE and ADJUST the
persistence function can be defined: there are 3 choices for the
duration of the persistence: OFF, AUTOMATIC and MANUAL. In
MANUAL operation, the duration can be changed with the universal knob from 50 ms to infinity. If a finite time was selected,
the signal periods will be written on top of each other such that
the brightness will diminish from recent to oldest. If e.g. 300 ms
is selected, the signal curves will become darker in 50ms steps
and erased after 300 ms. In this soft menu the function BACKGROUND may be activated in addition: then all signal curves
ever displayed will be shown in the darkest colour.
XY presentation, the small fields will show the sources of the X,
the Y1, Y2 and Z signals; those signals will be displayed vs. time
as usual. It is possible to define two signals as the Y signal and
display this vs. the X signal in order to perform a comparison.
In order to define which signal should be X, Y1, Y2 or Z, it is necessary to call the menu by a pushing the XY key a second time.
In this menu the desired settings may be performed.
In order to select the Z input setting please push the soft menu
key next to the menu item Z SETTINGS, this will open the next
menu level. The Z input allows control of the intensity of the X-Y
curve. This intensity may be either set to a desired level or it may
be dynamically modulated by the amplitudes at the Z input.
Fig. 7.3: Persistence function
Fig. 7.5: Settings for the Z input
This kind of display is for example very useful for the analysis
of extreme values of different signals.
In this menu you can first activate the Z input (top menu item ON
or OFF, the activated mode will be backlit in blue). In the next
menu item all channels are offered as inputs, the selection is
performed with the universal knob and activated by pushing
the respective menu key next to SOURCE Z. The following menu
item allows you to define the intensity setting. The menu key will
toggle between Modulation and On/Off. If Modulation is
selected, the XY signal will be intensity modulated by the amplitude at the Z input. The intensity will be proportional to the Z
input signal amplitude. If On/Off is selected, all XY points below
a certain level at the Z input will be shown dark, and all above
this level will be bright. The level can be set with the universal
knob after pushing the respective soft menu key.
7.4
XYdisplay
The HMO has a key for directly switching to the XY function.
In this mode, two signals will be displayed, one in Y, one in X
direction. The usual time base will be replaced by the amplitudes of the second signal. With harmonically related signals
the resulting curves are called Lissajous patterns; from such
displays the frequency and phase relationships of the signals
may be derived. The XY function will be activated by pushing the
XY key in the CHANNEL CONTROL section of the front panel;
the key will light up, and the screen will be partitioned in a large
and some small display fields: the large display will show the
Pushing the XY key in the CHANNEL CONTROL section of the
front panel again will terminate the XY function if it was active.
If no or another menu should be active, it will be necessary to
push the XY key twice for terminating the function.
Fig. 7.4: Settings in the X–Y menu
Subject to change without notice
23
Measurements
8
Measurements
There are two different kinds of measurements on signals: cursor measurements and automatic measurements. All results
are stored in a buffer memory which is larger than the display
memory. The QuickView mode delivers all available parameters
of a signal curve. The integrated hardware counter shows the
count results on the selected channel.
8.1
Cursormeasurements
The most frequently used measurement method with an oscilloscope is the cursor measurement. The HAMEG concept is
oriented towards the expected results and thus provides not
only one or two but in some modes, three cursors. Cursor
measurements are controlled by the keys: CURSOR MEASURE,
CURSOR MODE, and CURSOR SELECT and the universal knob.
The kind of measurement can be defined in the menu which will
open upon pushing the key CURSOR MEASURE.
RATIO Y
This mode provides 3 cursors in order to measure ratios in Y
direction (e.g. an overshoot) between the first and the second
and between the first and the third cursors. The results will be
presented in 2 formats: floating point, percent.
COUNT:
This mode provides 3 cursors in order to count signal crossings
of a level which can be set with the third cursor for a time span as
defined by the distance between the first and the second cursors.
The result will be presented in 4 different versions: number of
rising and falling level crossings, number of positive and negative
pulses.
PEAK LEVELS
This mode provides 2 cursors in order to measure the minimum
and maximum values of a signal within the time span as defined
by the two cursors. The values Vp- and Vp+ represent the minimum and maximum values of the voltage. The peak-to-peak
value (Vpp) is equal to the difference between the minimum and
maximum values.
RMS MEAN
This mode provides 2 cursors in order to calculate the rms and
the mean values of a signal between the two cursors.
RISE TIME
This mode provides 2 cursors in order to measure the rise and fall
times between the two cursors.
V MARKER
This mode provides 2 cursors in order to measure two different
voltages and a time span. The values V1 and V2 represent the
voltages between the zero base line and the respective cursor.
ΔV represents the voltage difference between the two cursors. Δt
represents the time difference between them.
Fig. 8.1: Cursor measurements selection menu
As shown above, the selection of the kind of measurement can
be done by pushing the respective soft menu key and selecting
the kind of cursor measurement with the universal knob. The
results will be displayed below the graticule. In order to move
a cursor, select the desired cursor with the CURSOR SELECT
key and position the cursor with the universal knob. The kinds of
measurements are:
VOLTAGE
This mode provides 2 cursors in order to measure 3 different
voltages. The values V1 and V2 represent the voltages differences
between the zero base line and the actual positions of the two
cursors on the selected signal curve. ΔV represents the voltage
difference between the cursors.
TIME
This mode provides 2 cursors in order to measure 3 different
times and an equivalent frequency. The values t1 and t2 represent
the times between the trigger and the position of the cursors. Δt
represents the time between the cursors.
RATIO X
This mode provides 3 cursors in order to measure ratios in X direction (e.g. a duty cycle) between the first and the second and between
the first and the third cursors. The values will be presented in 4
different formats: floating point, percent, degrees, radians.
24
Subject to change without notice
The menu item AUTO SOURCE may be turned on or off with the associated soft menu keys ON and OFF; the active state is marked by
its blue background. If ON was chosen, the cursor measurements
will be executed on the active channel; this allows you to quickly
execute similar measurements on different signals. If OFF was
selected, measurements will always be performed on the channel
selected in the menu SOURCE.
By pushing the soft key next to the menu SET, the selected cursors
will be automatically placed on optimum positions along the signal
curve; this allows very fast and usually optimum placement of the
cursors. As mentioned earlier, the cursors may also be placed
manually with the universal knob after pushing the key CURSOR
SELECT and selecting them. In case the automatic placement
does not function with very complex signals, the cursors can be
brought to a predefined starting position by pushing the key next
to the menu CENTER. The last menu item allows you to switch the
cursors off by pushing the soft key next to it.
The key CURSOR MODE opens the menu item GlUE TO. This mode
can be turned on or off. If activated, the cursors will „glue to“ the
signal, i.e. they will automatically follow all changes of the position
and scaling controls and also deliver new measurement results. If
this mode is deactivated, the cursors will remain in their positions
irrespective of any repositioning or rescaling of the signals.
8.2
Automeasurements
The HMO2524 series oscilloscopes offer cursor measurements
and additionally automatic measurements. By pushing the key
AUTO MEASURE in the ANALYZE section of the front panel the
menu will open.
Measurements
PEAK-TO-PEAK
In this mode the voltage difference between the minimum and
maximum values of the displayed signal will be measured.
PEAK +
In this mode the positive peak value of the displayed signal will
be measured.
PEAK –
In this mode the negative peak value of the displayed signal
will be measured.
PERIOD
In this mode the duration of the signal period will be measured.
The period is defined as the time between two identical portions
of a recurring signal.
Fig. 8.2: Menu for the automatic measurements settings
This menu offers the selection of two auto measurement
functions: MEASURE 1 and MEASURE 2 can be switched ON or
OFF with the respective soft menu keys. The associated soft
menus will open selection windows upon pushing the respective menu key. Each window will present all available kinds of
measurement which can be selected with the universal knob.
The source for the measurements can be selected with the
universal knob after pushing the respective soft menu key.
The listing of available sources will only show the displayed
channels. The results will be displayed in the right bottom
corner of the screen.
The following kinds of measurement are available:
MEAN
In this mode the mean value of the signal will be measured.
With periodic signals only the first period shown on the left of
the graticule will be measured.
RMS
This mode measures and calculates the rms value of the signal
but only for those portions of the signals which are displayed.
If the signal is periodic, the first period displayed will be used.
The „true rms“ value will be calculated.
FREQUENCY
In this mode the signal frequency will be measured as the
reciprocal of the period. Only the first period will be used. The
measurement pertains only to the selected channel.
RISE TIME
In this mode the rise time of the first displayed positive slope
will be measured. The rise time is defined as the time span
between 10 to 90 % of the full amplitude.
FALL TIME
In this mode the fall time of the first displayed negative slope will
be measured. The fall time is defined as the time span between
90 to 10 % of the full amplitude.
TRIGGER FREQ
In this mode the frequency of the trigger signal as the reciprocal
of its period will be measured. The source for this measurement is the actual selected trigger source. The measurement
is performed with a 6 digit hardware counter.
TRIGGER PER.
In this mode the duration of a trigger period is measured with
a hardware counter.
COUNT +
In this mode the number of positive pulses displayed will be
counted. A positive pulse is defined as consisting of a rising
and a falling slope. The switching level will be calculated by
measuring the mean value of the signal. A crossing of this level
only in one direction will not be counted.
COUNT –
In this mode the number of negative pulses displayed will be
counted. A negative pulse is defined as consisting of a falling
and a rising slope. As before, the mean value of the signal will
be measured and used as the trigger level. A crossing of this
level only in one direction will not be counted.
COUNT +/
In this mode positive slopes of the signal within the displayed
area will be counted. As before, the mean value of the signal
will be measured and used as the trigger level.
COUNT-/
In this mode negative slopes of the signal within the displayed
area will be counted. As before, the mean value of the signal
will be measured and used as the trigger level.
Subject to change without notice
25
Analysis
9
Analysis
The HMO series oscilloscopes feature a variety of analysis
functions for the stored data sets which will be displayed on the
screen. For simple mathematical functions „Quick mathematics“ is provided. The formula editor allows you to create more
complex functions and the linking of functions. The frequency
analysis is accessible by just pushing a key.
9.1
Quickmathematics
Pushing the MATH key on the front panel will call a short menu,
the key will light up red.
Next to the lowest soft menu key QM/MA the mode activated
will be indicated in red. QM stands for Quick Mathematics, MA
for extended mathematics. Pressing this soft menu key will
alternate between those two mathematics variants.
The upper 3 menu keys allow you to select the sources as well
as the operation. All active channels are available as sources.
The available operations are addition and subtraction.
9.2
Formulaeditor
The HMO series offers 5 sets of mathematical formulas. Each
of these sets contains 5 equations which can be modified with
a formula editor in order to construct more complex mathematical formulas. They are designated MA1 to MA5. The available
operations are:
– Absolute value
– Addition
– Positive value
– Subtraction
– Negative value
– Multiplication
– Reciprocal value
– Division
– Inverted value
– Squaring
– Square root
Fig. 9.3: Formula editor for a set of formulas
Fig. 9.1: Mathematics short menu
The predefined mathematical functions can be switched in by
pushing the respective soft menu keys. If a function is active,
the black dots will change to red ones. If two were activated, the
remaining ones will be shown in grey. If you desire to perform
an addition, subtraction, multiplication or division between
two channels, first make sure that QM is shown with a red
background. The associated short menu allows to select the
desired function.
Fig. 9.2: Quick mathematics menu
26
Subject to change without notice
The sources for the equation in MA1 are the input channels
CH1, CH2, CH3, CH4 and a constant which can be defined. For
the formula MA2, MA1 is an additional source. For MA3 additional sources are MA1 and MA2. For MA4 additional sources
are MA1, MA2, and MA3. For MA5 additional sources are MA1
to MA4. It is possible to construct a total of 5 different sets
from these 5 equations which can be subsequently stored
and recalled.
Press the MATH key to access the formula editor, then select
„MA“ with the lowest soft menu key (i.e. MA is shown with a red
background), next press the MENU key in the vertical section
of the front panel. A menu will open in which the menu item
FORMULA SET will be shown with a blue background. Now the
desired formula set can be selected with the knob (there are 5
different ones). In this soft menu you may attribute names to
the formula sets (with a maximum of 8 characters), you may
load a formula set (from the internal memory or a USB memory
stick) you may store a formula set (into the internal memory
or onto an USB memory stick) and also modify a formula set.
Inputting of formulas is done by pressing the soft menu key
MODIFY. A menu will open in which the top entry EQUATION is
selected. The universal knob allows to select up to 5 equations
(standard names MA1 to MA5); if less than 5 are defined, the last
formula will lead to the field NEW. With the soft menu key next
to ADD, the formula set may be extended by another formula. If
a formula was selected or newly added, the soft menu key next
to MODIFY is used to activate PARAMETER (this is activated if
the word is shown with a blue background) .
After selecting the operators and the operands, press the soft
menu key next to MODIFY to activate DISPLAY (if activated the
Analysis
After entering the value, the prefix, the unit (or any combination)
push the soft menu key next to STORE: now this will be stored at
the address USER 1, then the system will automatically return
to the menu for equations. It is possible to store up to 10 user
defined constants.
Fig. 9.4: Entering constants and units
word will be shown with a blue background). In this menu you
have the opportunity to display the equations, to add physical
units (e.g. A) and to attribute names.
In Fig. 9.4, in formula MA1, a current of 100 µA is added to the
channel 1. In the menu for entering constants it is possible to
choose from the following list of constants, executed by pushing
the key CONSTANT and turning the universal knob:
– Pi
– 2x Pi
– 0,5 x Pi
– User 1 . . . 10
(there are up to 10 user defined constants possible)
If e.g. User 1 is selected, it is possible to set the value with
the universal knob after pushing the menu key next to VAlUE.
Following the same procedure the decimal point and a possible
SI-prefix can be set. The following SI-prefixes are available:
– K
(Kilo, 103)
– m (Milli, 10-3)
– µ
(Mikro, 10-6)
– M
(Mega, 106)
– n
(Nano 10-9)
– G
(Giga, 109)
– p
(Piko, 10-12)
– T
(Tera, 1012)
– f
(Femto, 10-15)
– P
(Peta, 1015)
– a
(Atto, 10-18)
– E
(Exa, 1018)
– z
(Zepto 10-21)
– Z
(Zetta 1021)
– y
(Yokto, 10-24)
– Y
(Yotta, 1024)
The menu item UNIT offers the following list of units, selectable
with the universal knob:
– p
– V
(Volts)
(Pi)
– A
(Amperes)
– Pa (Pascal)
– Ω
(Ohms)
– m
(Meter)
– V/A (Volts per Ampere) – g
(Acceleration)
– W
(Watts,
– ºC (Degrees Celsius)
active power)
– K
(Kelvin)
– VA (Voltamps,
– ºF (Degrees Fahrenheit)
apparent power)
– N
(Newton)
– VAr (Voltamps,
– J
(Joule)
reactive power)
– C
(Coulomb)
– dB (decibels)
– Wb (Weber)
– dBm (dB
– T
(Tesla)
referred to 1 mW) – (dez) (dezimal)
– dBV (dB
– (bin) (binary)
referred to 1 V)
– (hex) (hexadezimal)
– s
(Second)
– (oct) (octal)
– Hz (Hertz)
– DIV (Division, graticule)
– F
(Farad)
– px
(pixel)
– H
(Henry)
– Bit (Bit)
– %
(Percent)
– Bd (Baud)
– º
(Degree)
– Sa (Sample)
In this menu it is further possible to add a name to each of the
5 equations: in order to do this first select the desired equation,
then push the lowest menu key NAME, this will open a window.
Now the intended name (up to 8 characters) can be defined with
the universal knob after pushing the CURSOR SELECT key; the
name will be accepted after pushing the soft menu key next
to ACCEPT and displayed in place of MA1 ... MA5. This may be
done separately for all equations. After entering all equations,
constants and names it is possible to also add a name for this
set of formulas by pushing the key next to NAME in the set of
formulas menu and following the above procedure again. The
completed set of formulas may be stored in the instrument or
on a USB stick. In order to do this push the key next to STORE, a
menu will open which allows you to select the storage medium
by pushing the top menu key (internal, USB front panel, USB
rear panel). The menu item below offers to add a name for the
set of formulas. A commentary can be added by pushing the key
next to COMMENTARY. By pushing the key next to STORE the set
of formulas together with the name chosen and a commentary
will be stored in the selected location.
Stored sets of formulas may be recalled any time. In order to
do this activate the mathematics by pushing the key MATH and
then the key MENU and the V/DIV knob. A menu item lOAD
will appear in this menu. By choosing this, the data control will
appear, showing the internal memory location, and, if an USB
stick is plugged in, also that location. Select the desired location
and push the key lOAD.
9.3
Frequencyanalysis(FFT)
The frequency analysis function will be called by pushing the
key FFT in the ANALYZE section of the front panel, the key will
light up white, the screen will be divided into two graticules. In
the upper smaller area, the signal will be displayed vs. time,
in the lower, larger area the result of the FFT analysis will be
shown. The lower FFT display window will be framed in white.
This means that the large knob in the time base area is now
dedicated to selecting the span, and that the small knob X POSITION to setting the CENTER position.
Fig. 9.5: FFT presentation
The information about the settings for the time display will be shown
top left, the information about the Zoom and position between both
Subject to change without notice
27
Analysis
grids and the information about the FFT display (span and center
frequency) is shown below the larger area. One of these displays
is brighter than the other, after selecting the FFT function this one
will be brighter. The large knob in the time base area will set the
span, and the small knob X-POSITION the center frequency. By
pushing the large knob SCALE TIME/DIV, the display of the time
base settings will become brighter, and both knobs will resume
their original time base functions. Pushing the large knob SCALE
TIME/DIV again will make the Zoom and position seeting brighter
and both knobs are adjusting the zoom function. The extended FFT
menu will open after pushing the key FFT again.
In this menu the display modes NORMAl, ENVElOPE, and MEAN
can be selected. The envelope function will write the maxima
spectra of all captured signals on top of each other; this will yield
some kind of envelope or area with all FFT results ever obtained.
By pushing the respective soft menu key a display of the mean
value can be obtained; with the universal knob the number of
averages can be chosen in powers of 2 from 2 to 512.
Only one channel may be activated in the Quickview mode. If
another channel is selected by pushing its key, the previously
selected one will be deactivated. Now the parameters of the new
channel will be shown. By pushing the key again; a Softmenue
will open, where the PASS/FAIL mode can be selected. Pushing
the QUICKVIEW key again let become active all channels which
were activated before the key was pushed and the Quieckview
mode entered.
9.5
PASS/FAILtestbasedonmasks
In order to access the PASS/FAIL mode please proceed as
follows: Press the QUICKVIEW key in the ANALYZE area of the
front panel twice, this menu will open, then press the soft menu
key PASS/FAIL, this will activate the mode and open a menu
for the settings and the use of the mask test feature. Prior to
starting a test by pressing the top toggle key TEST ON/OFF, it is
necessary to generate or load a mask and to select an action.
For the generation of a new mask press the soft menu key next
to the menu „NEW MASK“, a menu will open. By pressing the
key COPY CHANNEL, the present signal can be copied into a
mask memory. The mask is coloured white and appears as an
overlay of the input signal. Using the menu keys Y-POSITION
and Y SIZE, this curve can be shifted resp. enlarged in vertical
direction. The two menu items WIDTH Y and WIDTH X allow
to set the tolerance limits of the mask, the universal knob is
used to enter values with a resolution of 1/100 division. The
tolerance mask is displayed in white in the background. The
mask thus generated can be stored: press the soft menu key
STORE, this will open a data file dialogue window, storage is
possible either into the instrument memory or onto an USB
memory stick. Pressing the MENU OFF key will cause the
return to the previous menu. In order to load a mask generated earlier, choose LOAD MASK, a data file dialogue window
will open, select the desired mask (file name .HMK) from the
internal memory or an USB memory stick. The mask is loaded
by pressing the key LOAD and then displayed. Changes to a
mask are possible in the menu NEW MASK.
Fig. 9.6: Extended FFT menu
The soft menu item WINDOW allows you to select from the following window functions:
– Hanning
– Hamming
– Blackman
– Square
By choosing the menu item Y-SCAlE, the FFT amplitude can
be scaled either linearly (Veff) or logarithmically (dBm, dBV). If
another channel is desired as the source for the FFT, this can be
selected simply by pushing the respective channel key. In order
to terminate the FFT function either push the FFT key again or
use the menu key next to FFT OFF. The oscilloscope will return
to its state before the FFT function was selected.
9.4
By pressing the key ACTIONS in the PASS/FAIL main menu
a menu will be opened which will offer these 3 possible actions:
1. Audible signal if the tolerance limits are exceeded.
2. Stop if this happens the first time.
3. Pulse output if this happens the first time.
(Actions 2 and 3 may be possible only after a firmware update
at a later date.)
The desired action is selected by pressing the respective soft
menu key, this menu item will be shown with a blue background.
Quickviewmeasurements
The Quickview measurements are activated by pushing the key
QUICKVIEW in the ANALYZE section of the front panel. The key
will light up indicating that the scope responded. This mode
offers the following 5 parameters which are directly displayed
in the signal:
– Maximum voltage
– Mean voltage
– Minimum voltage
– Rise time
– Fall time
4 additional parameters will be displayed in the right bottom
corner of the screen: RMS value, Period, Frequency and Peakto-peak voltage
28
Subject to change without notice
Fig. 9.7 PASS/FAIL mask test.
Documentation, storing and recalling
Pressing the MENU OFF key will cause return to the main menu.
The test will be started if the soft menu key TEST is pressed.
Below the display window the total number of tests and, in
brackets, the total test time are shown in white. The number of
successful tests and, in brackets, their percentage are shown in
green. The number of failures and, in brackets, their percentage
are shown in red. After a test has been started, the soft menu
key PAUSE, without function sofar, will become activated. If
that key is pressed, it will turn blue, and the test will be stopped
while signal capturing and the timer remain unaffected. If that
key is pressed again, it will become inactive, the tests will be
resumed, all event counters continue to count up.
If, however, the tests are stopped by pressing the toggle key
ON/OFF, the event and time counters will be stopped. Pressing
the key again to ON will cause all counters to be reset to zero
and a new test to be started.
The PASS/FAIL mode is left by either pressing the soft menu key
PASS/FAIL OFF or by pressing the key QUICKVIEW anew.
10 Documentation, storing and recalling
The oscilloscope allows you to store and recall all screen
displays, user defined settings (e.g. the trigger conditions and
time base settings), reference curves, simple curves and sets
of formulas. There is an internal memory for reference curves,
instrument settings, and sets of formulas. These data, copies
of screen displays and curve data can also be stored on an
USB stick.
10.1 Instrumentsettings
Push the key SAVE/RECALL for calling the main menu for
storage and load functions. First a listing is shown of the kinds
of data which can be stored and loaded. By pushing the key
next to the top menu item INSTRUMENT SETTINGS this menu
will open.
Fig. 10.1: Basic menu for instrument settings
In this menu, by pushing the respective key, it is possible to
call the menu for storing, the data manager for loading, and
the menu for exporting and importing instrument settings.
Additionally, the menu item STANDARD SETTINGS will reset
the instrument to the factory settings. The storing menu is
opened by pushing the STORE key.
Here the storage location (internal memory, front panel USB,
rear panel USB) is selected, also a name and a commentary can
be added; these will be stored by pushing the soft menu key next
Fig. 10.2: Storing instrument settings
Subject to change without notice
29
Documentation, storing and recalling
to STORE. In order to recall stored instrument settings, call the
main instrument settings menu and select lOAD by pushing the
respective soft menu key. The data manager will open, use the
menu keys and the universal knob for navigating.
Fig. 10.3: Recalling instrument settings
Here the location is selected from which the settings data are
to be loaded. After the selection in the data manager, load the
settings by pushing the soft menu key lOAD. The data manager also allows you to erase individual settings in the internal
memory. If a USB stick is plugged in and has been selected as
the location, it is also possible to change or erase directories. In
order to export or import instrument settings, a USB stick must
be plugged in, otherwise this menu can not be accessed. Provided this is fulfilled, pushing the key next to IMPORT/EXPORT
will open a menu allowing to copy instrument settings between
the internal memory and a USB stick.
memories (REF1 ... REF4) into which data can be reloaded,
the contents of these can also be displayed. The main feature
of references is the fact that all information like vertical gain,
time base setting, A/D converter data is always stored along
with the data proper; this allows to compare the reference
with live signals. If the key SAVE/RECALL is pushed and the
menu item REFERENCES selected, a changeover into the menu
IMPORT/EXPORT is possible; here the standard menu of the
data manager will appear which allows you to copy references
between the internal memory and an external USB stick. (See
chapter 10.1 for a detailed description.)
For the references, there is a special key REF/BUS in the
CHANNEL CONTROL area of the front panel. If you press this
key, it will light up in white and open a short menu. The lowest
menu key is subdivided in RE and BU which stands for Reference and Bus. The respective activated setting is indicated by
a white background. Choose RE in order to select in this short
menu the 4 possible reference curves „RE1 ... RE4“. A reference
curve is selected by pressing the respective soft menu key, this
reference will be displayed, and the selected reference curve
will be marked in the short menu by a white dot. If the reference
memory should be empty, a file dialogue window will open in
order to load a reference curve from the internal memory
The store and load menu will be opened by first pushing the
key REF and then the key MENU in the CHANNEL CONTROL
section of the front panel.
Fig. 10.5: Loading and storing of references
Fig. 10.4: Import/Export menu for instrument settings
The source is selected by pushing the respective key (e.g. INTERNAL), the selection will be indicated by its blue background.
Then the destination is selected (e.g. FRONT). By pushing the
key next to IMPORT/EXPORT, the selected settings data will be
copied as previously chosen (in this example from the internal
memory to a USB stick). It is possible to copy from the internal
memory to the external memory and also between two USB
sticks .
10.2 References
References are sets of data which consist of settings information and A/D converter data. These may be stored and recalled
internally or externally. There are a maximum of 4 reference
30
Subject to change without notice
After activating the top menu item with the respective key, the
desired reference into which the data shall be loaded can be
selected with the universal knob. In order to select the reference
curve to be loaded, push the menu key LOAD and select the
desired data in the data manager. If the data were, e.g., loaded
into the „REF1“ curve in order to store a reference, select the
channel (push the key next to STORE and select the channel
with the universal knob), check whether the selected name for
the data is the desired one, and store the reference by pushing
the soft menu key next to DATA NAME. If another name and/or a
commentary is desired, push the key next to STORE AS in order
to access the appropriate menu.
This standard menu allows you to select the location, the data
name, and a commentary and to store all of this by pushing the
respective menu key.
10.3 Curves
In addition to references, the pure A/D converter data can be
stored, however, only on external USB sticks, not internally.
Documentation, storing and recalling
The following formats are available:
Binary format:
A binary data set may contain bytes of any length. The curves
will be stored without any time information.
CSV (Comma Separated Values):
CSV data sets store the curves in tables, the lines are separated
by commas.
10.4 Screenshots
The most important method of storing for documentation
purposes is the screen photo. At least one USB stick must be
connected, only then will any settings regarding the destination,
the name, the format and the colour mode be possible. Push
the keys SAVE/RECALL and SCREENShOTS for opening the
appropriate menu.
HRT (HAMEG Reference Time):
Data sets with this code contain data of curves vs. time. If a
curve was stored in this format, it can be used in the reference
menu. With the HRT format it is also possible to generate
data sets which may be reloaded into the oscilloscope via the
reference menu.
In order to store curves, push the key SAVE/RECALL and select
in the main menu the item CURVES by pushing the respective
soft menu key.
Fig. 10.7: Menu for screen shots
Fig. 10.6: Menu for storing curves
In this menu which will open, the top item allows the selection
of the front or rear panel USB port. This choice is only possible
if the instrument recognized a USB stick at the designated port.
If a stick is present and the port selection done by pushing the
respective soft key, the first time this happens, the data manager
will appear with the associated menu. Here, a listing of destinations can be selected or generated. Confirm the selection of
the destination listing by pushing OK, this will recall the menu
for storing curves. Pushing the soft key next to the second
menu item (CURVE) will activate this function as indicated by
the blue background: now the channel can be selected from
which the curve shall be taken by turning the universal knob.
Only channels which have been activated are eligible. Pushing
the menu key next to DATA NAME will open the menu for entering
names: in order to do this first push the CURSOR/SELECT key,
then use this menu and the universal knob to enter the desired
name which will be stored by pushing ACCEPT. This will recall
again the menu for storing curves.
Now push the soft key FORMAT, this will open a window for
selecting the format. The selection is performed again with
the universal knob. Additionally, a commentary can be stored
along with a curve. This is done by pushing the menu key next
to COMMENTARY, this will open a window for the entry. After
entering the commentary and storing it by pushing ACCEPT,
again the menu for storing curves will appear. After completion
of all these entries, pushing the menu key next to STORE will
store the curve according to the selected settings.
Also in this menu the destination (according to the USB sticks
connected) can be selected with the top menu key. When this
is done the first time, the data manager will appear in order to
either select or generate a destination listing. After the entry of
this information, the SCREEN ShOT storing menu will reappear.
The second menu item DATA NAME allows you to enter a name
with the respective name entry menu which will open automatically upon selecting this menu item. If FORMAT is selected with
the respective menu key, these formats will be offered and can
be selected with the universal knob:
BMP = Windows Bitmap (uncompressed format).
GIF = Graphics Interchange Format
PNG = Portable Network Graphics
By selection of the soft menu item COLOUR MODE, the universal
knob will allow to select GREY SCALE, COLOUR or INVERSION.
If GREY SCALE is selected, the colours will be converted into a
grey scale upon storing. If COLOUR is selected, the curve will
be stored in colour as it is shown on the display. If INVERSION
is selected, the curve will be stored in colour but with a white
background.
When the key next to the menu item STORE is pressed, the present display will be stored immediately to the location selected
with the name selected and the format selected.
PLEASE NOTE: If you intend to print, stop signal capturing by pressing the RUN/STOP key first in order to
guarantee a correct printout with complete curves.
STOP
10.5 Setsofformulas
Pushing the key SAVE/RECALL will open the main menu where
a menu item is called FORMUlARIES, selection of this menu
item will call a submenu which allows you to move sets of forTiPP
mulas between the internal memory and the USB stick as well
as to import or export such sets. How this is done was already
described in chapter 9.2.
10.6 DefinitionoftheFILE/PRINTkey
The key FILE/PRINT on the front panel allows you to store curves, screen shots, screen shots with settings, by just pushing it.
Subject to change without notice
31
Documentation, storing and recalling
However, it is required that the necessary settings for the destination, the name etc. have been previously defined as described
in the preceding chapters. In order to open the settings menu
of the FILE/PRINT key, push the SAVE/RECALL key for calling
its main menu, then select the menu item FIlE/PRINT.
11 Mixed Signal Operation (optional)
All HMO series instruments are provided with the connectors for
the HO3508 logic probes necessary to add 8 or 16 digital logic
channels. The firmware required for Mixed Signal operation is
already contained in each HMO, only the HO3508 active logic
probes need to be bought and connected. With the 4-channel
oscilloscope activation of Pod1 will deactivate the analog channel 3, and activation of Pod2 will deactivate the analog channel
4. Hence these configurations are possible: 3 analog channels
plus 8 digital logic channels (Channels 1,2,4 and Pod1) or 2
analog channels with 16 digital logic channels (Channels 1,2
plus Pod1 plus Pod2).
11.1 Logictrigger
You may test all the settings without a logic probe connected, however, the functions will only be effective
with a HO3508 probe connected.
Fig. 10.8: Definition of FILE/PRINT key
By pushing the respective menu key, it is possible to define the
action which shall take place upon pushing the key, the following
actions are available:
– DEVICE SETTINGS
stores settings of the instrument
– TRACES
stores curves
– SCREEN ShOT
stores screen photos
– SCREEN & SETUP
stores screen photos and settings
– PRINT
prints directly to a postscript
printer
After the selection of the desired action by pushing the respective
key, the acceptance will be confirmed by the blue background.
By pushing MENU OFF the menu will be switched off.
STOP
By
selecting LOGIC trigger in the soft menu after pushing the
key TYPE the trigger source will be routed to the digital logic
inputs. If you now push the key SOURCE, a soft menu will open
up which offers further settings and a window for a display.
(refer to Fig. 11.1).
TiPP
The top soft menu is used to preselect the logic channel for
which the trigger condition is to be defined. This is done with
the universal knob. The selected digital input will be marked
with a blue background in the general menu; in the field the
trigger level (high) H or (low) L or (any) X will be indicated.
The selection of the logic level is done with the respective soft
menu key. The selected level will also be marked with a blue
background in the soft menu. Another menu selects the logic
combination of the digital logic inputs; they can be combined by
logic AND, OR. If AND is selected, then both conditions must be
met simultaneously for the result to go high H. If OR is selected
either one or both conditions must be met. The last item in this
menu is called TRIGGER ON. With the soft menu key TRUE or
FAlSE can be chosen. This allows you to preselect whether the
trigger shall be generated at the beginning (TRUE) or the end
(„FALSE“) of the logic condition.
After selecting the desired set of conditions, you may push
FILTER for more settings. A soft menu will have opened which
allows you to limit the trigger TRUE condition further in time
(in this menu that condition will appear which you choose in the
Fig. 11.1: Logic trigger menu
32
Subject to change without notice
Mixed Signal Operation
SOURCE menu). A time limit can be added by pushing the top
soft menu key. The reference criterion can be selected in the
menu field below by the respective soft key.
These 6 criteria are available:
ti ≠ t: The duration of the bit pattern which will generate the
trigger is unequal to the reference time.
ti = t: The duration of the bit pattern which will generate the
trigger is equal to the reference time.
ti < t: The duration of the bit pattern which will generate the
trigger is smaller than the reference time.
ti > t: The duration of the bit pattern which will generate the
trigger is greater than the reference time.
t1<ti<t2: The duration of the bit pattern which will generate the
trigger is smaller than the reference width t2 and greater
than the reference width t1.
not(t1<ti<t2): The duration of the bit pattern which will generate
the trigger is greater than the reference width t2 and
smaller than the reference width t1.
By the same procedure as with pulse trigger the reference time
is adjusted with ti ≠ t and ti = t by turning the universal knob after
pushing the soft key next to TIME. By selecting DEVIATION the
universal knob allows you to define a tolerance interval. If ti < t
or ti > t was chosen only one limit may be set. Both options with
two references (t1 and t2) can be set due to pressing the respective
soft key and turning the universal knob.
If you desire to change the levels for logic ONE or ZERO you will
have to choose the channel menu. Select the appropriate POD
(POD1 with the key CH3/POD, POD2 with the key CH4/POD2).
If the logic mode was already selected, you will see the digital
logic channels, and the display will show in its channel information section the framed message: „POD1:xxxV“ or „POD2:
xxxV“. If information about the analog channels 3 and 4 should
be shown there, push the key next to the lowest soft menu entry
(before pushing the key it will read: „POD1“ or „POD2“). This
will activate the digital channels. If you now push the key MENU
in the „Channel Control“ section of the front panel, you will be
able to select from 5 predefined logic levels, three of them are
fixed for TTL, CMOS, and ECL, two are user definable and may
be set from –2 V to +8 V with the universal knob after pushing
the respective key.
11.2 Displayfunctionsofthelogicchannels
With the HMO the short menu in the channel settings is used
to switch an analog channel to a digital channel. If you should
find there data belonging to the analog channels 3 and 4, press
the key next to the lowest soft menu entry. This is a double key:
the upper designation CH stands for channel, the lower one
PO for pod. Pressing this key will alternate between those two
modes. The mode which is presently active will have its background shown in the colour of the respective channel. Activate
the Pod here. If you now press the MENU key in the CHANNEL
CONTROL area of the front panel, you can select one of five
preset logic level settings.
With the logic channels, a logic ONE will be indicated by a bar
of two pixels width, a logic ZERO will be one pixel wide. The
information field in the lower left corner of the screen will show
the actual sampling rate and the logic levels selected next to
the names POD1 and POD2.
Fig. 11.2: Logic channels’ settings display
The Y positions and the size of the logic channel displays can
be chosen as customary and known from analog channel
operation with the appropriate knobs Y-POSITION and SCALE
VOLTS/DIV (provided the soft menu key „0/7“ was selected as
indicated by a blue background). If less than 8 logic channels
are to be displayed, or if the position of individual channels is
to be changed, this can be done in the short menu in conjunction with the soft menu keys and the Y POSITION and SCALE
VOLTS/DIV controls. In order to do this, push the soft menu key
next to CTRl: this will allow you to control the Y position and
the size of the logic channel display with the knobs. The name
of which will be shown above the menu entry (in this example
number 0). The selection of the channels is done with the soft
keys „Arrow Up“ and „Arrow Down“. By this method all channels
may be individually positioned and sized. If POD was activated
and if the MENU key in the Channel Control section of the front
panel was pushed, the menu for setting the trigger levels will
be shown: 5 preprogrammed levels are available, 2 of which
are user definable.
There is also a possibility to combine several digital channels
to form buses which will then be displayed on the screen in
tables. Basically two independent buses are possible, e.g. an 8
bit address and an 8 bit data bus may be combined. In order to
access the bus settings, press the REF/BUS key and then the
MENU key in the VERTICAL area of the front panel.
A menu will open, the top key allows to select B1 or B2 (the
activated one will have a blue background). The key below allows to select the type of bus. For the parallel bus PARALLEL
and PARALELL + CLOCK are available. After selection of the
bus type, press the soft menu key CONFIGURATION which
will open the submenu for the bus settings. After pressing
the top menu key BUS WIDTH, the desired bus width can be
selected with the universal knob from 1 to 16 bits. The window
showing the table of bits will be dynamically adapted. Now
press the soft menu key SOURCE, the universal knob is used
to link a physical source to the bit selected. In the window,
the entry which is presently being set will be shown with a
blue background. On the left side of the table in the window,
the bus bits are shown in a fixed order, at the top there is D0
which is the LSB of the bus. The universal knob is used to link
the bus bit selected to a real logic channel. Example:The bus
bit D0 is linked to logic channel D9 (this is equivalent to the
LC9 input on POD2).
There are no restrictions to the linking, it is also possible to
partly use identical logic channels in the two buses. In order to
select the individual bits in the table, use the keys PREVIOUS
Subject to change without notice
33
Mixed Signal Operation
BIT and NEXT BIT, then use the universal knob for the linking
to the logic channel.
If you chose the bus type PARALLEL + CLOCK, the lower two
soft menu keys are reserved for the source and the slope of the
clock. For selecting the source of the clock, press the key CLOCK
and use the universal knob for selecting the logic channel which
carries the clock. The key SLOPE will offer RISING, FALLING and
BOTH in that order and start all over. The activated selection
will be shown with a blue background. Pressing the MENU OFF
key will return you to the BUS menu. There is another menu
item DISPLAY SETTINGS. In this submenu selecting DISPLAY
will allow to select the following decoding formats with the
universal knob:
– Binary
– Hexadecimal
– Decimal
– ASCII
The decoded values will be shown in the tables of the buses in
the format selected.
The next lower soft menu key may be used to switch the individual bits of the bus on in the table display. The BUS short
menu will be displayed upon pressing the MENU OFF key twice.
The two upper soft menu keys can be used to switch the bus
display on or off. If a bus is switched on, this will be indicated
by a white dot in the short menu. In order to vary the position or
the size of a bus, it is first selected in the menu which is shown
by a blue background of the key. The position control knob is
used to position the bus display on the screen. The size of the
table display can be varied with the VOLTS/DIV knob. This may
be especially helpful in case of the binary format, because it
allows to display the complete value in up to 4 lines even with
short tables.
12 Serial bus analysis (optional)
The HMO2524 with option HOO10 can be used for triggering
and decoding of I 2 C, SPI and UART/RS-232 buses on the digital inputs (Option HO3508/16). The option HOO10 requires at
least the firmware 2.0 in the HMO, it will become usable with
a software licence key. This key will either be installed during
manufacturing or by the user when he installs an update as
described in chapter 2.10.
In order to establish the settings of the trigger and decoder functions, it is necessary to first define a bus. A maximum of 2 buses
B1 and B2 can be defined. First press the key BUS/REF in the
VERTICAL area of the front panel, a short menu will open. Use
the lowest soft menu key to either select whether references
or buses are to be defined. This is a toggle key which alternates
between those two possibilities RE (reference) and BU (bus).
The activated function is indicated by a white background. Here
select BU. Then press the MENU key in the VERTICAL area of
the front panel. A menu will open, the top soft menu key allows
to choose either B1 or B2.
11.3 Cursormeasurementsforthelogicchannels
If the logic channels were activated, some parameters may be
measured with the cursors. For all activated logic channels
of a POD these measurements are available: TIME, RATIO X,
V–MARKER. The results will be as follows:
TIME:
The time position of both cursors relative to the trigger time
position will be indicated; also the time difference between the
two cursor positions from which the frequency is calculated.
RATIO X:
In this mode 3 cursors are used. The time ratios between the
first and the second and between the first and the third will
be shown. The presentation will be in floating point format, in
percent, in degrees, and in radians.
Fig. 12.1: Bus definition menu
By pressing the soft menu key BUS TYPE the type of bus can be
selected from the available ones. If the option HOO10 is installed,
there will be these options:
– Parallel
– Parallel clocked
– SPI 2 wire
– SPI 3 wire
– I2C
– UART
V–MARKER:
With the logic channels the logic value of the selected POD will
be measured at the position of the respective cursor and shown
in hexadecimal and decimal formats.
Fig. 12.2: Menu for the selection of the decoding format
34
Subject to change without notice
Serial bus analysis
The soft menu key CONFIGURATION will call a menu which is
dependent upon the bus type selected. These menus are described in the chapters of the respective bus configurations.
The menu called by pressing DISPLAY SETUP is the same for
all buses, it allows to select the decoding format. The following
formats are available:
– Binary
– Hexadecimal
– Decimal
– ASCII
Use the soft menu key SINGLE BITS to switch the display of
individual bit lines of the bus display (above the table display)
on or off.
12.1 I2Cbus
The I2C bus is a two-wire bus (clock and data) which was
developed by Philips and which allows data rates of up to 3.4
Mbits/s.
12.2 I2CBusconfiguration
Remark: prior to configuring the bus, make sure
that you chose the correct logic level (as described
in chapter 11.1).
InSTOP
order to decode the I2C bus, it is only necessary, when configuring the bus, to define which logic channel carries the clock
and which the data. These settings are performed after the
selection of the bus type I2C in the bus menu by subsequently
pressing the soft menu key CONFIGURATION. A menu will
TiPP
open, select the top soft menu key CLOCK SCL and use the
universal knob to select the appropriate channel. The definition
of the data channel is performed in the same manner after
pressing the soft menu key DATA SDA. For checking these
entries a small window will show the actual settings while in
this submenu.
Fig. 12.4 I2C message, hexadecimal decoded.
Certain portions of the I2C messages will be displayed in colour
in order to facilitate recognition. If the data lines are selected
together with the table presentation, the respective areas will
also be displayed in colour as follows:
Read address:
Yellow
Write address:
Magenta
Data:
Cyan
Start:
White
Stop:
White
No acknowledge:
Red
Ackknowledge:
Green
12.3 I2Cbustriggering
After configuring the bus, it will be possible to trigger on various
events. To choose the trigger type, press the key TYPE in the
TRIGGER area of the front panel and select the soft menu key
SERIAL BUSES. Subsequently press the key SOURCE in the
TRIGGER area and select the I2C bus. (This will only be available
if it was defined before.) After pressing the key FILTER in the
TRIGGER area all possible trigger types will be presented.
It is possible to trigger on the START, STOP of all messages as
well as on NEW START and NOT-ACKNOWLEDGE conditions. For
further trigger options press the soft menu key READ/WRITE. A
menu opens which offers the choice of triggering on READ or
WRITE conditions and whether the address length is 7 or 10 bits.
After pressing the soft menu key SLAVE ADDRESS the universal
knob can be used to select a 7 or 10 bit address on which shall
be triggered.
Fig. 12.3: Menu for the definition of the I2C sources.
All menus will close upon pressing the MENU OFF key twice.
Fig. 12.5: I2C READ/WRITE trigger menu
Subject to change without notice
35
Serial bus analysis
Pressing the soft menu key DATA will open a submenu which
allows to enter data in addition to the address.
Fig. 12.7: Menu for the SPI bus definition
Fig. 12.6: I2C data Trigger menu
It is possible to trigger on a maximum of 24 bits (3 bytes) of
data which may have an offset from 0 to 4095 with respect to
the address. In order to select an offset, press BYTE OFFSET.
In most cases the offset will be zero if it is desired to trigger on
the maximum of 24 first bits following the address. Use the soft
menu key NUMBER OF BYTES in order to select whether 1, 2 or
3 bytes of data should be entered. The entry may be binary or
hexadecimal which is selected with the soft menu key INPUT.
If binary entry was selected, the individual bits may be chosen
with the soft menu key BIT and the universal knob. With the soft
menu key DEFINITION you can choose for each bit whether it
shall be 1, 0 or X (don’t care). If hexadecimal entry was chosen,
the soft menu key VALUE and the universal knob are used to
define the value of each byte. Th soft menu key BYTE is used
to switch from byte 1 to byte 2 andto byte 3 (if the byte number
chosen was 3). In the display window of the trigger conditions
the presently active byte will be framed in green.
By pressing the MENU OFF key three times all menus will be
closed, and the oscilloscope will trigger on the address and
data entered.
12.4 SPIbus
The SPI bus was developed by Motorola (today: Freescale),
however, it is not formally standardized. In general, it is a bus
with a clock and data lines and a select line. If only one master
and one slave are present, the select line may be deleted; this
is also calles SSPI (Simple SPI).
in the menu which will open, use the universal knob to select
the logic channel.
The third soft menu key also allows (in addition to linking the
inputs to the signals) the following settings:
CS:
Chip select high or low active, the standard
is low active
CLK:
data will be stored with rising or falling slope,
rising is the standard
DATA: high or low active, high is the standard
The soft menu key BIT ORDER defines whether the data of the
messages shall start with the MSB or the LSB.
The soft menu key WORD SIZE is used to set the number of
bits of a message, use the universal knob to select any number
from 1 to 32.
12.6 SPIbustriggering
Following the bus configuration the trigger conditions have
to be defined in order to be able to trigger on various events.
Press the key TYPE in the TRIGGER area of the front panel and
select the soft menu key SERIAL BUSES. Subsequently press
the key SOURCE in the TRIGGER area and select the SPI bus.
(It will only show up if it was previously defined.) Pressing the
key FILTER in the TRIGGER area will present all possible trigger options. Triggering is possible on the FRAME START, the
FRAME END and in a preselected BIT. (Press the soft menu key
12.5 SPIbusdefinition
For the correct decoding of a SPI bus some settings are required. The first definition pertains to the type of bus: whether
it is a 2-wire (without chip select) or a 3-wire system (with chip
select). This is done in the bus configuration menu when selecting the bus type: for a 2-wire system choose the entry SSPI, for
a 3-wire system SPI. Subsequently open the SPI configuration
menu by pressing the key CONFIGURATION.
The top soft menu key SOURCE is used to define the respective
digital channels for chip select, clock and data. (In case of a
2-wire system choose the dead time instead of a chip select
source.) Pressing this soft menu key will present one of the three
choices (the selected one will be shown with a blue background),
36
Subject to change without notice
Fig. 12.8: SPI trigger menu
Serial bus analysis
BIT and use the universal knob for the selection of the desired
bit number.
Further trigger possibilities will become available after pressing the soft menu key SER. PATTERN, a menu will open which
allows to provide for a bit offset which may exist (values from
0 to 4095 are possible). It also permits to define the number of
bits per message (values from 1 to 32 bits are possible) and to
set each of the bits defined.
Fig. 12.10: Page 1 of the UART bus definition menu.
On page 2 of the definition menu the bit rate can be chosen.
Fig. 12.9: SPI data trigger menu.
The input of the serial bit stream may be binary or hexadecimal,
this will be defined with the soft menu key PATTERN INPUT. If
binary input is selected, the individual bits can be selected with
the soft menu key SELECT BIT and the universal knob. The soft
menu key VALUE is used to define whether the bit should be 0, 1
or X (don’t care). If hexadecimal input is selected, the soft menu
key VALUE and the universal knob are used to set the value of
each nibble (4 bits). The soft menu key NIBBLE switches from
nibble to nibble. The presently active nibble will be marked with
a green frame. All menus will be closed by pressing the MENU
OFF key three times. The oscilloscope will now trigger on the
bit stream defined.
12.7 UART/RS-232bus
The UART (Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter) bus
is a general bus system and the base for many protocols. The
RS-232 protocol is one of them. It consists of a frame with a
start bit, 5 to 9 data bits, a parity bit and a stop bit. The stop
bit can assume the nominal length of a bit, 1.5 times or twice
that length.
12.8 UART/RS-232busdefinition
In order to decode the UART bus, it is first necessary to define
which logic channel shall be connected to the data line. Open
the bus menu, select the bus type UART and then press the
soft menu key CONFIGURATION. A menu will open, press
its top soft menu key DATA SOURCE and use the universal
knob to select the logic channel. The soft menu key ACTIVE
alternates between high and low, the selection is marked by
a blue background (for RS-232 select low). The key SYMBOL
SIZE and the universal knob are used to select 5 to 9 bits. The
key parity allows to select no, even or odd. The last soft menu
item on page 1 defines the length of the stop bit as nominal,
1.5 times or twice.
Fig. 12.11: Page 2 of the UART bus definition menu
After pressing the soft menu key BIT RATE the universal
knob is used to select the standard symbol rates from 300 to
115,200 symbols per second. If a different symbol rate should
be required, press the soft menu key USER and use the universal knob or the numerical input to enter the desired value.
The last setting to be performed is the dead time between
the last stop bit and the next start bit. Press the soft menu
key IDLE TIME and use the universal knob or the numerical
input for entering.
12.9 UART/RS-232bustriggering
Press the key TYPE in the TRIGGER area of the front panel for
setting the trigger conditions, then press the soft menu key
SERIAL BUSES. Subsequently press the key SOURCE in the
TRIGGER area and select the UART bus. (It will only be available
if it was previously defined.) Then press the key FILTER in the
TRIGGER area, all possible trigger options will be presented. Go
to page 1 of the trigger menu for setting the trigger condition:
STARTBIT, FRAME START, the N-th SYMBOL or a special date
are offered. In order to enter a date, select the soft menu key
DATA, a menu will open in which the desired settings can be
performed.
The soft menu key SYMBOL OFFSET and the universal knob are
used to select a number of symbols from 0 to 4095 following
the start bit which shall be ignored. The number of symbols
Subject to change without notice
37
Serial bus analysis
Fig. 12.12: UART data trigger menu
to be used can be defined with the menu item NUMBER OF
SYMBOLS as 1,2 or 3. (The length of the symbols 5 to 9 bits was
already set when defining the bus, it is automatically taken into
account here). Select the menu item PATTERN INPUT for the
entry of the values of the symbols which may again be in binary
or hexadecimal format. If binary input is selected, the individual
bits can be selected with the soft menu key SELECT BIT and the
universal knob. With the soft menu key VALUE each bit can be
set to 0,1 or X (don’t care). If hexadecimal is selected, use the
soft menu key VALUE and the universal knob to set the value
of each symbol. The soft menu key SELECT SYMBOL is used to
switch from symbol 1 to symbol 2 and to symbol 3 (if the number of symbols was set to 3.) The presently active byte will be
identified in the display window by a green frame. Pressing the
MENU OFF key twice will close all menus, and the oscilloscope
will now trigger on the data set.
Use the respective soft menu key on page 2 of the UART trigger
filter menu to select a PARITY ERROR, a FRAME ERROR or a
BREAK as the desired trigger condition.
Fig. 12.13: Page 2 of the UART trigger menu.
38
Subject to change without notice
Appendix
13 Appendix
Listoffigures
Positions of the instrument
Type of fuse
Fig. 2.1:
Fig. 2.2:
Fig. 2.3:
Fig. 2.4:
Fig. 2.5:
Fig. 2.6:
Fig. 2.7:
Fig. 2.8:
Fig. 2.9:
Fig. 2.10:
Fig: 2.11:
Fig. 2.12
Fig. 2.13
Fig. 3.1:
Fig. 3.2:
Fig. 3.3:
Fig. 3.4:
Fig. 3.5:
Fig. 3.6:
Fig. 3.7:
Fig. 3.8:
Fig. 3.9:
Fig. 3.10:
Fig. 3.11:
Fig. 3.12:
Fig. 3.13:
Fig. 3.14:
Fig. 3.15:
Fig. 4.1:
Fig. 4.2:
Fig. 4.3:
6
7
Frontview of the HMO2524
Area A of the control panel
Area B of the control panel
Area C of the control panel
Area D of the control panel
Screen
Rear panel of the HMO2524
Selection of basic soft menu elements
Basic soft menu elements for settings and
navigation
Menu for basic settings
Updating menu and information window
UPGRADE menu.
Manual licence key input.
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
10
Control panel HMO
Screen display after connection of the probe
Screen display after changing to DC coupling
Screen display after Autosetup
Area of the control panel containing the
ZOOM knob
ZOOM function
Cursor measurements
Quick View parameter measurement
Auto Measure menu
Selection of parameters
Measuring the parameters of two sources
Formula editor
Save/Recall menu
Menu Screenshots
Defining a file name
12
12
13
13
10
10
11
12
12
13
13
13
14
14
14
14
15
15
15
15
Fig. 4.4:
Front panel area with
Short menu for the vertical settings
Correct connection of the probe to the
probe adjust output
Vertical offset in the extended menu
16
16
Fig. 5.1:
Fig. 5.2:
Fig. 5.3:
Control panel of the horizontal system
extended zoom function
Marker in Zoom mode
18
19
19
Fig. 6.1:
Fig. 6.2:
Fig. 6.3:
Fig. 6.4:
Fig. 6.5:
Front panel control area of the trigger system
Coupling modes with slope trigger
The type B-Trigger
Pulse trigger menu
Video trigger menu
20
20
20
21
21
Fig. 7.1:
Drawing of the virtual screen area and an
example
Menu for setting the signal display intensities
Persistence function
Settings in the X–Y menu
Settings for the Z input
22
22
23
23
23
Fig. 7.2:
Fig. 7.3:
Fig. 7.4:
Fig. 7.5:
Fig. 8.1:
Fig. 8.2:
Fig. 9.1:
Fig. 9.2:
Cursor measurements selection menu
Menu for the automatic measurements
settings
Mathematics short menu
Quick mathematics menu
Fig. 9.3:
Fig. 9.4:
Fig. 9.5:
Fig. 9.6:
Fig. 9.7
Formula editor for a set of formulas
Entering constants and units
FFT presentation
Extended FFT menu
PASS/FAIL mask test.
26
27
27
28
28
Fig. 10.1:
Fig. 10.2:
Fig. 10.3:
Fig. 10.4:
Fig. 10.5:
Fig. 10.6:
Fig. 10.7:
Fig. 10.8:
Basic menu for instrument settings
Storing instrument settings
Recalling instrument settings
Import/Export menu for instrument settings
Loading and storing of references
Menu for storing curves
Menu for screen shots
Definition of FILE/PRINT key
29
29
30
30
30
31
31
32
Fig. 11.1:
Fig. 11.2:
Logic trigger menu
Logic channels’ settings display
32
33
Fig. 12.1:
Fig. 12.2:
Fig. 12.3:
Fig. 12.4
Fig. 12.5:
Fig. 12.6:
Fig. 12.7:
Fig. 12.8:
Fig. 12.9:
Fig. 12.10:
Fig. 12.11:
Fig. 12.12:
Fig. 12.13:
Bus definition menu
Menu for the selection of the decoding format
Menu for the definition of the I2C sources.
I2C message, hexadecimal decoded.
I2C READ/WRITE trigger menu
I2C data Trigger menu
Menu for the SPI bus definition
SPI trigger menu
SPI data trigger menu.
Page 1 of the UART bus definition menu.
Page 2 of the UART bus definition menu
UART data trigger menu
Page 2 of the UART trigger menu.
34
34
35
35
35
36
36
36
37
37
37
38
38
16
16
24
25
26
26
Subject to change without notice
39
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