M6Pi Pentium Pro Server Class PCI/ISA System Board Manual

M6Pi Pentium Pro
Server Class PCI/ISA
System Board Manual
Document Number: 06-00257-01, Rev. 3A
November 1995
221 Warren Ave., Fremont, CA 94539-7085
Copyright Notices
Micronics Computers, Inc.
The information contained in the M6Pi system board manual has been
carefully checked and is believed to be accurate. Micronics assumes no
responsibility for any inaccuracies that may be contained in this document.
Micronics makes no commitments to update or to keep the information in this
manual at a current level when changes are made to the product.
Micronics reserves the right to make improvements to this document and/or
product at any time and without notice.
All Rights Reserved. No part of this document may be photocopied, reproduced, translated, or reduced to any medium or machine form without prior,
written consent from Micronics.
COPYRIGHT (C) 1995, Micronics Computers, Inc.
Portions of the Manual
Portions of this manual were copied (with permission) from Phoenix Technologies, Ltd.
Trademarks
IBM is a registered trademark of International Business Machines.
Microsoft, Microsoft Word, Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft
Corporation. Intel and PCI are registered trademarks of Intel Corporation.
UNIX is a registered trademark of AT&T Corporation. Lotus 1-2-3 is a
registered trademark of Lotus Development Corp. All other product names
mentioned herein are used for identification purposes only and may be the
trademarks of their respective companies.
ii
Micronics Quick Installation
We know that many experienced people prefer to read as little of the documentation as possible. If this sounds like you, here’s a quick overview:
1.
Ground yourself to prevent damaging static discharge, then remove the
M6Pi from its packaging.
2.
Configure and verify the system board’s jumper settings. (See Jumper
Settings in Chapter 2)
3.
Install the CPU and the system memory (Chapter 3).
4.
Install the CPU Power Module (Chapter 3).
5.
Install the system board into the chassis and make all necessary
connections (Chapter 3).
6.
Install any peripherals (Chapter 3).
7.
Turn the computer on and press the <F2> key when you see the screen
below:
iii
8.
Set the time and date. Adjust the BIOS settings to match your
configuration. If installing an IDE drive, select the IDE device you wish
to configure. Press <Enter> with Autotype Fixed Disk selected and the
BIOS will automatically configure the drive for you (Chapter 4).
9.
After you have configured the Main Setup menu, make any desired
setting configurations in the Advanced and Security menu. When
finished, go to the exit screen, select “Save Changes and Exit,” and you
are finished with the BIOS configuration (Chapter 4).
iv
Contents
Introduction........................................................................ 1-1
Features ..................................................................................... 1-2
Software Compatibility ............................................................. 1-2
Configuring the M6Pi ........................................................ 2-1
Static Electricity ........................................................................ 2-1
Office Environment ................................................................... 2-1
M6Pi Components .................................................................... 2-2
Jumper Settings ......................................................................... 2-3
Installing the M6Pi, System Memory, CPUs and
Peripherals ......................................................................... 3-1
Installation of the M6Pi............................................................. 3-2
Tools Required ....................................................................................... 3-2
Equipment Required .............................................................................. 3-2
System Memory ........................................................................ 3-3
SIMMs Supported ..................................................................................
Upgrading Rules ....................................................................................
Common Memory Configurations .........................................................
Installing the SIMMs .............................................................................
Removing SIMMs ..................................................................................
3-3
3-3
3-4
3-5
3-5
Installing a CPU ........................................................................ 3-6
Installing the CPU Power Module ............................................ 3-7
Removing the CPU Power Module ........................................................ 3-7
Installing a PCI Peripheral Card................................................ 3-8
Installing an ISA Peripheral Card ............................................. 3-9
The BIOS Setup Utility....................................................... 4-1
Configuration ............................................................................
Initial Boot Up ..........................................................................
Setup .........................................................................................
Running the Setup Procedure ...................................................
Setting the Main Screen ............................................................
4-1
4-1
4-2
4-3
4-3
System Time and Date ........................................................................... 4-3
v
Diskette A or B .......................................................................................
IDE Adapters (Hard Disk Setup) ...........................................................
Video System ..........................................................................................
System Memory ......................................................................................
Extended Memory ..................................................................................
Cache State .............................................................................................
4-4
4-4
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
Setting the Advanced Screen .................................................... 4-7
Serial Port A ........................................................................................... 4-7
Serial Port B ........................................................................................... 4-7
Serial Port B Mode ................................................................................. 4-7
Parallel Port ............................................................................................ 4-8
Parallel Port Mode ................................................................................. 4-8
Diskette Controller ................................................................................. 4-8
IDE Controller ....................................................................................... 4-8
Boot Sequence ........................................................................................ 4-8
Plug & Play O/S ..................................................................................... 4-8
Reset Configuration Data ....................................................................... 4-8
Large Disk Access Mode ....................................................................... 4-8
Security Screen ....................................................................................... 4-9
Supervisor Password .............................................................................. 4-9
User Password ........................................................................................ 4-9
Set Supervisor Password ........................................................................ 4-9
Set User Password ................................................................................ 4-10
Password on Boot ................................................................................. 4-10
Diskette Access .................................................................................... 4-10
Fixed Disk Boot Sector ........................................................................ 4-10
Exit Screen ...............................................................................4-11
POST Messages................................................................ A-1
Beep and POST Codes ..................................................... B-1
Hard Disk Drive Types ...................................................... C-1
Specifications ................................................................... D-1
Environmental Specifications ....................................................D-2
Temperature Range ................................................................................ D-2
Relative Humidity .................................................................................. D-2
Battery Disposal ........................................................................D-3
vi
FCC Warning Statement .................................................... F-1
Glossary ............................................................................ G-1
Limited Warranty ............................................................... W-1
Non-Warranty Service.............................................................. W-2
vii
List of Figures
Figure 2-1:
Figure 3-1:
Figure 3-2:
Figure 3-3:
Figure 3-4:
Figure 4-1:
Figure 4-2:
Figure 4-3:
Figure 4-4:
Figure 4-5:
Figure 4-6:
M6Pi Components .................................................................... 2-2
Installing a 72-Pin SIMM ......................................................... 3-5
Installing the CPU Power Module ............................................ 3-7
Installing an PCI Peripheral Card ............................................ 3-8
Installing an ISA Peripheral Card ............................................ 3-9
Power-Up Screen ....................................................................... 4-2
CMOS Main Screen .................................................................. 4-3
IDE Device Submenu ................................................................ 4-4
Advanced Screen ....................................................................... 4-7
Security Setup Screen ............................................................... 4-9
Exit Screen ............................................................................... 4-11
List of Tables
Table 2-1:
Table 2-2:
Table 2-3:
Table 3-1:
viii
CPU Speed Selection ..................................................................
BIOS Reset Jumper .....................................................................
Case and Peripheral Connections ...............................................
Common Memory Configurations..............................................
2-3
2-3
2-4
3-4
Introduction
1 Introduction
Congratulations for choosing the Micronics M6Pi! The M6Pi is a highperformance Pentium Pro system board designed to be the foundation
for servers, advanced systems, and processor-intensive applications.
The Intel Pentium Pro processor combined with Micronics’ system
board experience makes this is one of the best performing system boards
on the market.
The M6Pi comes with many high performance features. These include
Mode 4 support for four IDE hard drives, support for up to 512MB of
RAM, Level 2 (L2) cache, the PCI bus, and Phoenix 4.05 Plug and Play
BIOS.
The M6Pi also includes the features that you have come to expect from
Micronics. These include on-board support for two floppy drives, a bidirectional parallel port, and two high speed serial ports.
Micronics builds all products to exacting standards, using the highest
quality components available. We are proud to provide this system
board and hope it brings you years of reliable service.
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Micronics M6Pi System Board Manual
Features
The M6Pi includes the following features:
Support for 150MHz, 166MHz, 180MHz, or 200MHz Pentium Pro
processors.
Baby AT size system board (13.25" X 8.5").
256K Level 2 (L2) cache.
Supports up to 512MB of on-board system memory.
Supports 2 way interleaved memory access.
Supports ECC (Error Correct Code).
PCI Mode 4 IDE controller (supports two drives).
Floppy controller for two floppy drives (supports 2.88MB, 1.44MB,
1.2MB, 720K, and 360K floppy drives).
Two high speed NS16550 compatible serial ports.
Bi-directional parallel port which is EPP and ECP compatible (see
Specifications).
Upgradeable Flash Phoenix BIOS.
All slots accomodate full length peripheral cards.
Software Compatibility
The M6Pi system board was thoroughly tested for compatibility with a variety
of operating systems and environments, including:
Windows, Windows 95, and Windows NT.
OS/2.
SCO UNIX and Open Desktop.
Novell NetWare.
MS-DOS.
PC-DOS.
NeXTStep.
1-2
Jumper Settings
2 Configuring the M6Pi
Although the M6Pi system board is packaged in protective
materials, it is important to use care while unpacking and setting up.
Static Electricity
The M6Pi is shipped from the factory in an antistatic bag. To reduce the
possibility of damage, it is important to neutralize any accumulated
static charges on your body before handling the board. The best way to
neutralize these static charges is to ground yourself using a special wrist
or ankle strap. If you do not have a strap, you should touch both of your
hands to a safely grounded object. After you have grounded yourself,
ground the M6Pi via the solder pads surrounding one of its mounting
holes.
Once the M6Pi is removed from its packaging, place it on top of the
antistatic bag. Carefully inspect the board for damage which may have
occurred during shipment.
Office Environment
Make sure the finished computer system is in an area with good ventilation. The system should not be in direct sunlight, near heaters, or
exposed to moisture, dust, or dirt.
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Micronics M6Pi System Board Manual
M6Pi Components
Figure 2-1 M6Pi System Board
2-2
Jumper Settings
Jumper Settings
Table 2-1 lists the jumper settings to configure the CPU speed.
Jumper
CPU Speed
150MHz Ext., 60MHz Int.
166MHz Ext., 66MHz Int.
180MHz Ext., 60MHz Int.
200MHz Ext., 66MHz Int.
W4
W5
W6
W7
W8
closed
closed
closed
closed
closed
closed
open
open
closed
closed
closed
closed
open
open
closed
closed
open
closed
open
closed
Table 2-1 CPU Speed Selection
Table 2-2 lists the jumper settings to reset the BIOS. With the computer’s
power off, short Jumper W1 for about five seconds and place the jumper back
in the open position. The jumper must be placed back into the open position
for the system to function properly.
Jumper
W1
Function
Normal operation (default)
Clear CMOS RAM settings
Setting
open
closed
Table 2-2 BIOS Reset Jumper
Note:
This will reset all BIOS settings to their defaults. Any changes you have made
will be lost.
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Micronics M6Pi System Board Manual
Table 2-4 lists the jumper settings for case and peripheral connections.
Jumper
J10
J11
J27
J24
Function
Primary IDE Connector
Secondary IDE Connector
Floppy Connector
Parallel Port Connector
J25
Serial Port 1(Com1)
J26
Serial Port 2(Com 2)
J23
J22
J33
J30 & J28
J31
J34
J12
J38
J36
J32
J13
Infrared Connector
Infrared Connector
Power Module Connector
PS/2 Keyboard & Mouse
AT Keyboard
Power Supply Connector
Hard Disk LED
Reset
Turbo LED
Keylock/Power LED
Speaker Connector
Notes
Primary
Secondary
Can be disabled at the
CMOS configuration screen.
Can be disabled at the
CMOS configuration screen.
Can be disabled at the
CMOS configuration screen.
PS/2 Version
AT Version
ATX standard.
1-+5V DC, 2-Ground
1-+5V DC, 2-Ground
1-Power; 2-N/C; 3-Ground;
4-Keyboard Lock; 5-Ground
1-Speaker; 2-5V DC;
3-N/C; 4-5V DC
Table 2-4 Case and Peripheral Connections
2-4
Installing System Memory and Add-On Peripherals
3
Installing the M6Pi, System
Memory, CPUs and Peripherals
This section explains how to install the M6Pi system board, SIMMs,
CPUs, and peripherals.
Warning:
Before installing or removing any peripherals or components, make
sure you have a clear work space and adhere to all anti-static precautions described on page 2-1. Micronics recommends only trained
technicians operate on the system board. Damage which occurs to the
board while adding or removing peripherals or components may void
the warranty.
If problems arise while installing peripherals, contact the computer
outlet where you purchased the peripheral or Micronics’ Technical
Support Department.
3-1
Micronics M6Pi System Board Manual
Installation of the M6Pi
The installation of the M6Pi system board depends on the type of case you
use. The M6Pi is an integrated baby AT size system board and may be
installed into most cases.
Prior to installing the M6Pi, make sure you have a clear work space available
and adhere to all anti-static precautions.
If you are unfamiliar with installing a system board, Micronics highly recommends you read the computer user’s manual or contact your dealer’s technical
support department.
Tools Required
Micronics recommends using the following tools to install the M6Pi:
m
Small Phillips screwdriver.
m
Tweezers or a pair of needle-nose pliers.
m Tray (to hold loose screws).
Equipment Required
Micronics recommends using the following equipment with the M6Pi for a
typical configuration:
m Chassis with standard hardware.
m A high quality ATX power supply. A power filter may be used with a
noisy AC power source.
m AT compatible keyboard (AT Version).
m PS/2 compatible keyboard (PS/2 Version).
m Eight ohm speaker.
m Standard ribbon cables for internal connections.
m Standard power cord (grounded).
m CPU heat sink with cooling fan (strongly recommended).
3-2
Installing System Memory and Add-On Peripherals
System Memory
System memory devices, commonly known as SIMMs (Single Inline Memory
Modules), are necessary to operate the M6Pi system board. The M6Pi has
four SIMM sockets and may be upgraded to 256 Megabytes of RAM. This
section will explain the type of SIMMs supported, list the rules of adding
memory to the M6Pi, give some examples of common memory configurations,
and show how to physically install the new SIMMs.
SIMMs Supported
The M6Pi supports the following 72 pin, 60ns or 70ns SIMMs:
4MB (1Mx36 or 1Mx32)
8MB (2Mx36 or 2Mx32)
16MB (4Mx36 or 4Mx32)
32MB (8Mx36 or 8Mx32)
64MB (16Mx36 or 16Mx32)
Note:
For long term reliability, Micronics recommends using SIMMs with tin-plated
contacts. The use of gold-plated contacts may conflict with the tin-alloy on
the SIMM socket.
Upgrading Rules
The following is a list of rules to follow when upgrading SIMMs. If you
follow these rules, your upgrade should be trouble-free:
❏
Use 70ns or faster SIMMs.
❏
Upgrade SIMMs one bank at a time. All SIMM sockets must contain
SIMMs of the same size and preferably from the same manufacturer. To
add 16MB of memory to the system board, install two 8MB SIMMs into
the same bank.
❏
When installing SIMMs, fill bank 0, then bank 1.
3-3
Micronics M6Pi System Board Manual
Common Memory Configurations
The following table (Table 3-1) lists all available memory configurations.
Memory
8MB
16MB
16MB
32MB
32MB
64MB
64MB
128MB
128MB
256MB
256MB
512MB
Bank 0
(2) 4MB
(2) 4MB
(2) 8MB
(2) 16MB
(2) 8MB
(2) 32MB
(2) 16MB
(2) 64MB
(2) 32MB
(2) 128MB
(2) 64MB
(2) 128MB
Bank 1
(2) 4MB
(2) 8MB
(2) 16MB
(2) 32MB
(2) 64MB
(2) 128MB
Table 3-1 Common Memory Configurations
Note:
The Micronics M6Pi utilizes 2-way interleaved access to achieve optimal
memory performance. To take advantage of this, it is necessary to install two
banks of memory (four SIMMs) at a time.
3-4
Installing System Memory and Add-On Peripherals
Installing the SIMMs
To install the SIMMs, locate the memory banks on the system board and
perform the following steps:
1.
Hold the SIMM so the notched edge is aligned with the notch on the
SIMM socket (Figure 3-1).
2.
Insert the SIMM at a 45 degree angle.
3.
Gently push the SIMM into an upright position until it locks into place
(past the release tabs).
Figure 3-1 Installing a 72-Pin SIMM
Removing SIMMs
Perform the following steps to remove SIMMs, if necessary:
1.
With both thumbs (or a finger from each hand), press the release tabs
away from the socket.
2.
With the SIMM free from the release tabs, lift the module up and place in
an anti-static bag or package.
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Micronics M6Pi System Board Manual
Installing a CPU
The M6Pi is designed to a variety of Pentium Pro processors. Follow the steps
below to install a processor:
1.
Turn off the computer and remove its cover.
2.
Locate the ZIF socket illustrated in Figure 2-1.
3.
Lift the lever of the socket.
4.
Locate pin 1 on the processor and pin 1 on the socket. Gently set the
processor into the socket, making sure pin 1 on the processor and pin 1 on
the socket are aligned.
5.
Push the lever down until it locks into place.
6.
Make sure the speed selection jumpers are set correctly (Chapter 2).
Warning:
Pentium Pro processors require a heat-sink with a cooling fan. Failure to
provide adequate cooling of the processor may seriously affect system
performance or cause permanent damage to the processor.
3-6
Installing System Memory and Add-On Peripherals
Installing the CPU Power Module
To install the CPU Power Module, follow the instructions below:
1.
Turn the computer off and remove the chassis cover.
2.
Locate the CPU Power Module socket located below the ZIF socket.
3.
Ground yourself and remove the CPU Power Module from its antistatic
bag.
4.
Insert the module with the bottom edge level to the socket. Gently press
straight down until the module locks into place (Figure 3-2).
Figure 3-2 Installing the CPU Power Module
Removing the CPU Power Module
Perform for the following steps to remove the power module.
1.
With both thumbs (or a finger from each hand), press the release tabs
away from the socket until the module rises slightly from the socket.
2.
With the SIMM free from the release tabs, lift the module up and place in
an anti-static bag or package.
3-7
Micronics M6Pi System Board Manual
Installing a PCI Peripheral Card
Micronics PCI slots accommodate all PCI peripherals which adhere to the PCI
2.0 specifications. Complete the following steps to install a PCI card:
1.
Turn the computer system off and remove its cover.
2.
Choose an unused PCI slot and remove the slot cover.
3.
Insert the card with the bottom edge level to the slot. Never insert the
card at an angle!
4.
Carefully push the card straight down, making sure the card is inserted
fully.
5.
Replace the screw which holds the card into place.
6.
Replace the computer cover.
7.
Read the card’s manual for additional instructions concerning installation
and software drivers.
Figure 3-3 Installing a PCI Peripheral Card
3-8
Installing System Memory and Add-On Peripherals
Installing an ISA Peripheral Card
Micronics ISA slots accommodate all standard ISA peripherals. Complete the
following steps to install an ISA card:
1.
Turn the computer system off and remove its cover.
2.
Choose an unused ISA slot and remove the slot cover.
3.
Insert the card with the bottom edge level to the slot. Never insert the
card at an angle!
4.
Carefully push the card straight down, making sure the card is inserted
fully.
5.
Replace the screw which holds the card into place.
6.
Replace the computer cover.
7.
Read the card’s manual for additional instructions concerning installation
and software drivers.
Figure 3-4 Installing an ISA Peripheral Card
3-9
The BIOS Setup Utility
4 The BIOS Setup Utility
Configuration
After the M6Pi system board and all hardware is installed, the system is
ready for configuration. Before turning on the computer, make sure all
cables are correctly connected and all jumpers are correctly set.
It is recommended you keep the computer cover off the first time you
boot the system. This will make it easier to correct any difficulties that
might arise.
Initial Boot Up
Power up the M6Pi. If the system does not properly boot, check all
your cables and peripherals for bad connections. You may also get beep
codes or error messages. If this occurs, consult Appendices A and/or B
for a guide to possible solutions.
After the system properly boots, it is ready to be configured. The
following pages explain the proper procedures for BIOS configuration.
4-1
Micronics M6Pi System Board Manual
Setup
The Setup program is used to configure the computer’s BIOS (Basic Input/
Output System). The computer’s BIOS is responsible for configuring the
system board and providing hardware information to the operating system. In
order for the computer to run properly, run the Setup procedure after first
installing the system board and whenever you make a hardware change to the
system.
After the system is turned on and goes through a memory test, the Power-Up
Screen (Figure 4-1) will appear on your monitor:
Figure 4-1 Power-Up Screen
When “Press <F2> to enter SETUP” appears at the bottom of the screen, press
the <F2> key to begin the Setup procedure. The CMOS Main Screen (Figure
4-2) should appear and the prompt should be on the time line. The Setup
procedure can only be activated during the boot sequence.
4-2
The BIOS Setup Utility
Running the Setup Procedure
The M6Pi system board has four primary CMOS configuration screens: the
Main Screen (Figure 4-2), the Advanced Screen (Figure 4-5), the Security
Screen (Figure 4-10), and the Exit Screen (Figure 4-10). To toggle between
the screens, press the right arrow <→> and the left arrow < ←> keys.
Setting the Main Screen
The CMOS Main Screen (Figure 4-2) is used to set the time and date, to set
the floppy drive types, to configure the hard disks, and to configure the video.
This section explains how to configure each of these categories. To move
between the categories, use the up and down arrow keys <↑/↓>.
Figure 4-2 CMOS Main Screen
System Time and Date
To set the time, use the <-> key to decrease the number and the <+> key to
increase the number. To move the prompt forward, use the <Tab> key; to
move the prompt backward, use the <Shift-Tab> key. To set the date, use the
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Micronics M6Pi System Board Manual
up and down arrows<↑/↓> to highlight the System Date and follow the same
procedure used to set the time.
Diskette A or B
To configure a floppy drive added to or removed from your computer, use the
up and down arrow keys <↑/↓> to select the desired drive. Use the <+/-> keys
to change the setting until it matches the floppy drive you installed. The BIOS
supports 2.88MB, 1.44MB, 1.2MB, 720KB, and 360KB floppy drives.
IDE Adapters (Hard Disk Setup)
If you are setting up a SCSI hard disk, select None in the IDE Device parameters (see your SCSI card manual for more details).
To install an IDE device, select the device to configure and press <Enter>. An
IDE Device submenu will appear. (Figure 4-3).
Figure 4-3 IDE Device Submenu
Autotype Fixed Disk
The easiest way to set your IDE devices is to let the BIOS do it for you. When
the IDE Device submenu first appears, the Autotype Fixed Disk selection is
highlighted. Simply press <Enter>, and the remaining information is entered
automatically.
4-4
The BIOS Setup Utility
Do not adjust the rest of the settings unless absolutely necessary. The BIOS
automatically enters the optimal settings.
Type
This category selects the drive type installed in the system. The options are 139, User, Auto or None.
Selecting 1 through 39 is not recommended.
If Autotype Fixed Disk does not find your drive’s parameters, fill this information in manually under the User category. This information may be in the
manual which came with your system. If not, contact your dealer or the hard
drive manufacturer to fill in this category.
If you are using a SCSI hard drive, select None and refer to the documentation
which came with the SCSI adapter.
Multiple-Sector Transfers
This category determines the number of sectors per block for multiple sector
transfers. The options are Disabled (default), 2 Sectors, 4 Sectors, 8 Sectors,
and 16 Sectors.
LBA Mode Control
Enable LBA (Logical Block Addressing) to support IDE drives larger than
528MB in size. The default setting is Disabled.
32-Bit I/O
This category allows the user to enable the 32-bit I/O function of the PCI IDE
controller. Select Disabled if your drive will not run at this speed. The default
setting is Enabled.
Transfer Mode
This category provides the transfer modes for the PCI IDE controller. The
options are Fast PIO 4, Fast PIO 3, Fast PIO 2, Fast PIO 1, and Standard
(default).
Fast PIO 4 is equivalent to Mode 4 supporting a minimum cycle time of 120ns
(15.5 MB/sec.). Fast PIO 3 is equivalent to Mode 3 supporting a minimum
cycle time of 180ns (11.1 MB/sec.). Fast PIO 2 supports a minimum cycle
time of 240ns (8.33 MB/sec.). Fast PIO 1 supports a minimum cycle time of
383ns (5.22 MB/sec.). Standard supports a minimum cycle time of 600ns (3.3
MB/sec.).
See your drive specifications before setting this category.
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Micronics M6Pi System Board Manual
Video System
This sets the type of video board installed into the system. You may choose
VGA/SVGA (default), CGA 80x25, MONO, or Not Installed.
System Memory
The System Memory category identifies the size of the base memory. It
cannot be changed.
Extended Memory
The Extended Memory category automatically detects the amount of memory
installed above the amount in the System Memory category. Because the
BIOS automatically calculates the amount of memory installed in your system,
you cannot change this category without adding or removing memory.
Cache State
This category allows you to enable the external cache. For optimal performance, select Enabled.
4-6
The BIOS Setup Utility
Setting the Advanced Screen
To move to the Advanced Screen, use the left and right arrow keys <←/→>
keys until you see the screen below (Figure 4-4).
Figure 4-4 Advanced Screen
Serial Port A
Serial Port A may be set for Auto, COM1 (default), COM2, COM3, COM4, or
Disabled. Auto will automatically provide a conflict free setting, but gives
you less control over your configuration.
Serial Port B
Serial Port B may be set for Auto, COM1, COM2 (default), COM3, COM4, or
Disabled. Auto will automatically provide a conflict free setting, but gives
you less control over your configuration.
Serial Port B Mode
This category defines the function for Serial Port B. Serial Port B may be
configured for COM Port (default), IrDA (infrared setting), or ASKIR
(infrared setting).
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Micronics M6Pi System Board Manual
Parallel Port
The parallel port may be set for LPT1 (default), LPT2, or may be disabled.
Parallel Port Mode
The parallel port may be set for output mode (AT) (default), bidirectional
mode (PS/2), Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP), Extended Capabilities Port (ECP),
or Disabled.
Diskette Controller
The floppy disk controller may be set for Enabled or Disabled.
IDE Controller
The IDE controller may be set for Primary Only (up to two hard disks),
Primary and Secondary (up to four hard disks), or it may be disabled.
Boot Sequence
This category selects the order the system searches for a boot disk and may be
set for A: then C:, C: then A:, or C: only.
Plug & Play O/S
This category, when set to Yes, allows the system to work with a Plug & Play
operating system such as Windows 95. The default setting is No.
Reset Configuration Data
Select Yes to clear the PCI Plug & Play configuration data. The default setting
is No.
Large Disk Access Mode
If you are using a DOS operating system (MS-DOS, DR-DOS, or PC-DOS),
set this category to DOS (default). If you are using anything else, set it to
OTHER.
4-8
The BIOS Setup Utility
Security Screen
The Security Screen (Figure 4-5) controls access to the computer. The
security screen allows for settings of two passwords. The Supervisor Password allows access to the system and Setup. The User Password allows
access to the system, but not to all Setup features.
Figure 4-5 Security Setup Screen
Supervisor Password
If a Supervisor Password is set up for the system, it reads Enabled. If the
password is not set up, it reads Disabled (default).
User Password
If a User Password is set up for the system, it reads Enabled. If the password
is not set up, it reads Disabled (default).
Set Supervisor Password
Move the cursor to Set Supervisor Password and press the <Enter> key.
The Supervisor Password submenu will appear. Type the password and press
the <Enter> key. Retype the password and press the <Enter> key again.
4-9
Micronics M6Pi System Board Manual
Write down the password somewhere safe so it will not be forgotten.
The password may be disabled by setting the new password to nothing
(pressing the <Enter> key without first typing a password).
Warning:
If you forget the Supervisor Password, it cannot be disabled without discharging the CMOS.
Set User Password
Follow the same procedure used to set the Supervisor Password.
Note:
After a password is entered, it is saved immediately. All other changes may
still be discarded (see Exit Screen).
Password on Boot
When enabled, the system requires a password upon boot. Either the Supervisor or User Password may be entered.
Diskette Access
This category allows floppy disk access with an option of the supervisor or
user. Selecting Supervisor gives floppy disk access to the supervisor only.
Selecting User (default) gives floppy disk access to both the user and the
supervisor. If the passwords are enabled, this option may only be changed by
the supervisor.
Fixed Disk Boot Sector
This category allows the boot sector of the fixed disk to be write protected.
The default setting is Normal. When set for Write Protect, it serves as a form
of virus protection. If the passwords are enabled, this option may only be
changed by the supervisor.
4-10
The BIOS Setup Utility
Exit Screen
After you complete configuring the BIOS, select the Exit Screen (Figure 4-9).
Figure 4-9 Exit Screen
Choose “Save Changes and Exit” and reboot the computer. The computer is
ready for use.
4-11
POST Messages
A POST Messages
The following table lists the Power On Self Test (POST) messages,
possible causes, and solutions.
Message
DISKETTE DRIVE A
FAILURE
Possible Cause
Solution
Drive A failed or is
missing.
Check Setup and cable
connections.
DISKETTE DRIVE B
FAILURE
Drive B failed or is
missing.
Check Setup and cable
connections.
EXTENDED RAM
FAILED AT
OFFSET: nnnn
Extended memory not
working or configured
properly.
Replace defective
memory.
FAILING BITS: nnnn
Memory failure in
System, Extended, or
Shadow memory.
Replace defective
memory.
FIXED DISK X
FAILURE (where X
=0 or 1)
The hard disk is not
configured or working
properly.
Rerun SETUP and check
connections, or replace
hard disk.
FIXED DISK
CONTROLLER
FAILURE
The controller card has
failed.
Check configuration and
connections, or replace
controller card.
INCORRECT DRIVE
A TYPE
Floppy drive A: not set
correctly in Setup.
Run Setup.
INCORRECT DRIVE
B TYPE
Floppy drive A: not set
correctly in Setup.
Run Setup.
INVALID NVRAM
MEDIA TYPE
NVRAM chip is bad.
Requires repair of system
board.
KEYBOARD
ERROR, or
KEYBOARD
CONTROLLER
ERROR
The keyboard or
keyboard controller
failed.
Check connections. You
may have to replace the
keyboard or controller.
KEYBOARD
ERROR nn
A key is jammed or was
held down during boot.
Make sure the keys are
not jammed or dirty.
KEYBOARD
LOCKED
Keyswitch on the front of
the case is locked.
Unlock the keyswitch.
A-1
Micronics M6Pi System Board Manual
Message
A-2
Possible Cause
Solution
MONITOR TYPE
DOES NOT MATCH
CMOS
Monitor type not
correctly identified in
Setup.
Run Setup and enter
correct monitor type.
OPERATING
SYSTEM NOT
FOUND
Operating system
cannot be located on
Drive C: or Drive A:
Check Setup to see if
Drive A: and C: are
properly configured, or
put a bootable disk in
Drive A:
PARITY CHECK 1
nnnn
Parity error found in the
system bus.
Check Setup. Board
repair may be required.
PARITY CHECK 2
nnnn
Parity error found in the
I/O bus.
Check Setup. Board
repair may be required.
PREVIOUS BOOT
INCOMPLETE DEFAULT
CONFIGURATION
USED
Previous POST did not
complete successfully.
Run Setup, load default
BIOS settings, make any
necessary adjustments,
and save the changes
REAL TIME CLOCK
ERROR
Real-time clock failed
BIOS test.
May require battery
replacement or board
repair.
SHADOW RAM
FAILED AT OFFSET
Shadow RAM failed.
May require repair of
system board.
SYSTEM BATTERY
IS DEAD
System battery died.
Replace the system
battery and run Setup to
reconfigure the system.
SYSTEM CACHE
ERROR - CACHE
DISABLED
External (L2) cache
failed BIOS test.
System will still run, but
slower. Replace cache
at convenience.
SYSTEM CMOS
CHECKSUM BAD RUN SETUP
System CMOS has been
corrupted or modified
incorrectly.
Run Setup and
reconfigure the system.
SYSTEM RAM
FAILED AT
OFFSET: nnnn
System RAM failed.
Replace defective RAM.
SYSTEM TIMER
ERROR
Timer test failed.
Requires repair of system
board.
Beep and POST Codes
B Beep and POST Codes
Beep codes are a series of beeps sent through the speaker which indicate
a problem during the Power On Self Test (POST). If text appears on the
video screen, the M6Pi has completed POST; any other tone from the
speaker indicates something other than a POST error. These tones are
not described in Table B-1.
The beep error codes are a series of beeps. The duration of the beep
tones are constant, but the length of the pauses between the beeps varies.
For example: a 1-3-3 beep code will sound like one beep, a pause; three
beeps consecutively, another pause; and then three more beeps.
One beep code is often misunderstood. If a video card is not installed or
is failing, the system board will generate a long-short-long-short beep
code. This is often interpreted as a 1-2-1 beep code. But POST errors
always vary in the length of the pause and not the duration of the beep
tone.
Another way of identifying a POST error is to use a device called a
POST card. This peripheral card is inserted into one of the ISA slots
and has an LED (or LCD) read out showing the contents of port 80h.
The following table provides a list of all beep codes and POST routines..
B-1
Micronics M6Pi System Board Manual
Code
02
04
06
08
09
0A
0C
OE
OF
10
11
12
14
16
18
1A
1C
20
22
24
28
2A
2C
2E
32
34
35
37
38
39
3A
3C
3D
40
42
44
46
47
48
49
B-2
Beeps
2-2-3
3-1-1
3-1-3
3-4-1
3-4-3
2-1-2-3
POST Routine Description
Verify Real Mode.
Get CPU type.
Initialize system hardware.
Initialize chipset registers with initial POST values.
Get in POST Reg.
Initialize CPU registers.
Initialize cache initial POST values.
Initialize I/O.
Initialize the localbus IDE.
Initialize Power Management.
Load alternate registers with initial POST values.
Jump to UserPatch0.
Initialize keyboard controller.
BIOS ROM checksum.
8254 timer initialization.
8237 DMA controller initialization.
Reset Programmable Interrupt Controller.
Test DRAM refresh.
Test 8742 Keyboard Controller.
Set ES segment register to 4 GB.
Autosize DRAM.
Clear 512K base RAM.
Test 512K base address lines.
Test 512K base memory.
Test CPU bus-clock frequency.
Test CMOS RAM.
Initialize alternate chipset registers.
Reinitialize the chipset (MB only).
Shadow system BIOS ROM.
Reinitialize the cache (MB only).
Autosize cache.
Configure advanced chipset registers.
Load alternate registers with CMOS values.
Set initial CPU speed.
Initialize interrupt vectors.
Initialize BIOS interrupts.
Check ROM copyright notice.
Initialize manager for PCI Option ROMs.
Check video configuration against CMOS.
Initialize PCI bus and devices.
Beep and POST Codes
Code
4A
4C
4E
50
51
52
54
56
58
5A
5C
60
62
64
66
68
6A
6C
6E
70
72
74
76
7C
7E
80
82
84
86
88
8A
8C
90
91
92
93
94
96
98
9A
Beeps
2-2-3-1
POST Routine Description
Initialize all video adapters in system.
Shadow video BIOS ROM.
Display copyright notice.
Display CPU type and speed.
Initialize EISA board.
Test keyboard.
Set key click if enabled.
Enable keyboard.
Test for unexpected interrupts.
Display prompt “Press F2 to enter SETUP”.
Test RAM between 512 and 640k.
Test extended memory.
Test extended memory address lines.
Jump to UserPatch1.
Configure advanced cache registers.
Enable external and CPU caches.
Display external cache size.
Display shadow message.
Display non-disposable segments.
Display error messages.
Check for configuration errors.
Test real-time clock.
Check for keyboard errors.
Set up hardware interrupt vectors.
Test coprocessor if present.
Disable onboard I/O ports.
Detect and install external RS232 ports.
Detect and install external parallel ports.
Re-initialize on-board I/O ports.
Initialize BIOSData Area.
Initialize Extended BIOS Data Area.
Initialize floppy controller.
Initialize hard-disk controller.
Initialize localbus hard-disk controller.
Jump to UserPatch2.
Build MPTABLE for multi-processor boards.
Disable A20 address line.
Clear huge ES segment register.
Search for option ROMs.
Shadow option ROMs.
B-3
Micronics M6Pi System Board Manual
Code
9C
9E
A0
A2
A4
A8
AA
AC
AE
B0
B2
B4
B6
B8
BC
BE
BF
C0
D0
D2
D4
D6
D8
DA
DC
E2
E3
E4
E5
E6
E7
E8
E9
EA
EB
EC
ED
EE
B-4
Beeps
POST Routine Description
Set up Power Management.
Enable hardware interrupts.
Set time of day.
Check key lock.
Initialize typematic rate.
Erase F2 prompt.
Scan for F2 keystroke.
Enter SETUP.
Clear in-POST flag.
Check for errors.
POST done - prepare to boot operating system.
One beep.
Check password (optional).
Clear global descriptor table.
Clear parity checkers.
Clear screen (optional).
Check virus and backup reminders.
Try to boot with INT 19.
Interrupt handler error.
Unknown interrupt error.
Pending Interrupt.
Initialize option ROM error.
Shutdown error.
Extended Block Move.
Shutdown 10 error.
The following are for boot block in Flash ROM:
Initialize the chipset.
Initialize refresh counter.
Check for Forced Flash.
Check HW status of ROM.
BIOS ROM is OK.
Do a complete RAM test.
Do OEM initialization.
Initialize interrupt controller.
Read in the bootstrap code.
Initialize all vectors.
Boot the Flash program.
Initialize the boot device.
Boot code was read OK.
Hard Disk Drive Types
C Hard Disk Drive Types
The following table lists the hard disk types supported by M6Pi.
Type
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
Cylinders
Heads
306
615
615
940
940
615
462
733
900
820
855
855
306
733
N/A
612
977
977
1024
733
733
733
306
612
612
614
820
977
1218
1224
4
4
6
8
6
4
8
5
15
3
5
7
8
7
N/A
4
5
7
7
5
7
5
4
4
2
4
6
5
15
15
Write
Precomp
128
300
300
512
512
none
256
none
none
none
none
none
128
none
N/A
0
300
none
512
300
300
300
0
305
300
none
none
none
none
none
Sectors
Size
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
N/A
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
36
17
10
21
32
65
99
21
32
31
117
21
37
52
21
44
N/A
21
42
59
62
31
94
31
10
21
10
21
42
42
336
159
C-1
Micronics M6Pi System Board Manual
Type
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
C-2
Cylinders
Heads
823
809
830
830
1024
1024
615
1024
925
10
6
7
10
5
8
8
8
9
Write
Precomp
512
128
none
none
none
none
128
none
none
Sectors
Size
17
17
17
17
17
17
17
26
17
71
42
50
72
44
71
42
109
72
Specifications
D Specifications
Processor
150MHz, 166MHz, 180MHz, or 200MHz
Pentium Pro processor.
Chipset
Intel 82450 chipset.
SMC 932/935 Super I/O chip.
CPU Clock Select
Frequency synthesizer chip. Jumper selectable
CPU speed.
Form Factor
Baby AT footprint (8.5" x 13").
Expansion
Three ISA slots, two PCI slots, and one shared
slot.
BIOS
Phoenix 4.05 Plug and Play BIOS on 1MB Flash
EPROM.
Mode 4 IDE drive support.
Auto-detection of memory size.
Auto-configuration of IDE hard disk drives.
RAM Capacity
8 MB to 512MB.
Supports ECC (Error Correcting Code).
Keyboard
AT compatible (AT Version).
PS/2 compatible (PS/2 Version).
Level 1 Cache
32K.
Level 2 Cache
256K.
I/O Ports
Built in support.
Two high speed serial ports (16550 compatible).
One bi-directional parallel port.
Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP) compatible.
Microsoft and Hewlett Packard Extended
Capabilities Port (ECP) compatible.
Floppy Port
Supports two floppy drives
(2.88, 1.44, 1.2, 720K, 360K).
D-1
Micronics M54Hi System Board Manual
PCI IDE Port
Supports four IDE hard disks.
Mode 4 support.
Multiple sector transfer support.
LBA support.
Environmental Specifications
The environment in which the M6Pi is located is critical. Micronics recommends the following environmental specifications:
Temperature Range
Operating: 50 to 104 degrees Fahrenheit (10 to 40 degrees Celsius).
Non -Operating: 50 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit (10 to 60 degrees Celsius).
Shipping: -22 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit (-30 to 60 degrees Celsius).
Relative Humidity
Operating: 20% to 80%.
Non-Operating: 5% to 90%.
D-2
Specifications
Battery Disposal
Warning:
DO NOT: open battery; dispose of in fire; recharge; put in backwards, mix
with used or other battery types.
May explode or leak and cause personal injury.
D-3
FCC Warning Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply within the limits for a
Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, if not used in accordance with the instructions, may
cause harmful interference to radio communications. Interference to radio or
television reception can be determined by turning the equipment off and on.
The user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the
following measures:
Reorient the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that
to which the receiver is connected.
Consult your dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
To meet FCC requirements, shielded cables are required.
Note:
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by Micronics could void the
user’s authority to operate the equipment.
F-1
Glossary
Glossary
16550 UART - A high speed chip for controlling Byte - A group of adjacent bits treated as a unit.
serial ports. Although unnecessary for a mouse, it Eight bits are typically considered one byte. Also
called a character.
is required for modems that are 14,400 baud or
faster.
Cache - A process where information is copied
from the slower memory (DRAM) to the faster
486DX - A type of 32-bit CPU with a built-in
memory (SRAM). Information which is likely to
math-coprocessor and internal cache.
be read or edited is stored in the cache providing
significant performance increases.
486DX2 - A 486DX CPU where the internal
speed of the CPU operates at twice the external
Cache hit - The percentage of request for data
speed.
from memory that can be served from the cache.
486DX4 - A 486DX CPU where the internal
Cache miss - A memory access which cannot be
speed of the CPU operates at three times the
supplied from cache.
external speed.
Cold Boot - Starting the computer by turning on
the power or pressing the RESET button. A cold
boot makes the processor execute all of the
Asynchronous - Operations that do not require the diagnostics. See boot and warm boot.
clocks of communicating devices to be coordiCPU - An acronym for Central Processing Unit.
nated. See synchronous.
A CPU performs arithmetic calculations, makes
logical decisions, and directs the operation of the
Baby AT - A standard system board size
computer in conjunction with the operating
measuring approximately 13.25” x 8.5”.
system.
Bidirectional Parallel Port - A type of parallel port
Disk Drive - A hardware device which provides
that can send and receive information.
for the storage of data on diskettes or hard metal
disks that have a magnetic coating. A disk drive
BIOS - An Acronym for Basic Input/Output
functions by spinning at high speed while moving
System. Configures the system board and
a device called the read/write head across the
provides hardware information to the operating
disk’s surface in order to read or write data in
system.
magnetic code.
Bit - A contraction of Binary digit. The smallest
unit of information in a binary number system. A DRAM - An acronym for Dynamic Random
bit represents a choice between either zero or one. Access Memory. A type of memory chip that
only keeps its memory if supplied with regular
clock pulses and a chance to regularly refresh its
Boot - To start up the computer and load the
data. It is slower and more cost effective than
operating system software. See cold boot and
SRAM. See SRAM.
warm boot.
486SX - A 486DX CPU with no mathcoprocessor.
Bus - A group of electronic paths used to send
data between parts of the system. On a system
board, the bus connects the peripheral cards with
the microprocessor via the expansion slots.
ECP - An acronym for Expanded Capabilities
Port. A standard set by Hewlett Packard and
Microsoft Corporation to expand the capabilities
of the parallel port.
Bus Mastering - The ability of an peripheral card
to control the bus without requiring intervention
of the CPU.
EDO Memory - An acronym for Extended Data
Output. A type of DRAM with built-in cache.
G-1
Micronics M6Pi System Board Manual
EISA - An acronym for Extended Industry
L1 Cache - See Internal Cache.
Standard Architecture. EISA is a bus design
standard which is fully backward compatible with L2 Cache - See External Cache.
the ISA bus. Although it is a 32-bit bus, it only
runs at 8MHz. See PCI, VESA, and ISA.
LBA - An acronym for Logical Block Addressing. Any IDE hard drive larger than 528MB.
EPP - An acronym for Enhanced Parallel Port. A
standard which increases the capabilities of the
Math coprocessor - A microprocessor designed
parallel port.
specifically for performing mathematical
calculations. A math coprocessor performs these
EPROM - Acronym for Erasable Programmable calculations faster than the CPU, and by doing so,
Read Only Memory. A type of ROM chip that
frees the CPU for other activities.
can be programmed with relatively simple tools
that will retain its data until erased. It can only be Megabyte (MB) - 1,024 Kilobytes or 1,048,576
erased by exposing the circuitry in the chip to
bytes.
ultraviolet light. See also Flash ROM.
Mini AT - A standard system board size
External Cache - Cache which is external to the
measuring approximately 8.5" x 9.5".
CPU. See Cache.
Mode 1 - An IDE data transfer standard which
Fast SCSI - A SCSI data transfer standard which supports transfer rates of up to 5.22 Mbytes/sec.
supports a rate of up to 10MB/sec.
Mode 2 - An IDE data transfer standard which
Fast Wide SCSI - A SCSI data transfer which
supports transfer rates of up to 8.33 Mbytes/sec.
supports a rate of up to 20MB/sec.
Mode 3 - An IDE data transfer standard which
Flash ROM - A type of ROM chip that will retain supports transfer rates of up to 11.1 Mbytes/sec.
its data until erased. It can be erased or
reprogrammed by supplying it with +12V of
Mode 4 - An IDE data transfer standard which
voltage. See ROM and EPROM.
supports transfer rates of up to 15.5 Mbytes/sec.
Full Size - A standard system board size
measuring approximately 12" x 13.75".
Gigabyte - A disk storage capacity measurement.
Approximately one thousand megabytes or
1,073,741,824 bytes.
IDE - An acronym for Integrated Device
Electronics. A standard for communicating
between a hard drive and a computer.
Internal Cache - Cache which is built into the
CPU. See Cache.
Parallel - A form of data transmission in which
the data is sent one byte at a time over several
wires that each carry one byte. In parallel
transmission, all the bytes arrive simultaneously,
as opposed to serial transmission in which bits
arrive one by one.
Parallel Port - A connection for a printer or
similar peripheral. Generally, parallel ports are
output only. See Bidirectional Parallel Port and
ECP.
ISA - An acronym for Industry Standard
Architecture. A well-established bus standard
originating with the IBM AT. See PCI, VESA,
and EISA.
PCI - An acronym for Peripheral Component
Interconnect. A high performance 32-bit or 64bit bus developed by Intel Corporation. PCI is
designed to be independent of the hardware
architecture to ensure compatibility with future
computer systems. See VESA, EISA, and ISA.
Jumper - a small plug that fits over and shorts
pins on a circuit board. Jumpers allow the
various functions of the board to be enabled or
disabled.
Pentium- A high performance 64-bit CISC
processor designed and manufactured by Intel
Corporation. As of this writing, Pentium is the
highest performing X86 processor available.
Kilobyte (KB) - 1,024 bytes.
G-2
Glossary
Plug and Play - A standard developed to ensure
easy installation of peripherals. Theoretically, a
newly installed card automatically configures
itself and works properly without requiring
jumper configuration or device drivers.
SRAM - An acronym for Static Random Access
Memory. A type of memory that can retain data
without requiring a regular clock signal.
Although they are faster than DRAM, they hold
less data and are more expensive.
POST - An acronym for Power On Self Test. A
diagnostic program which is run whenever the
system is cold booted.
Synchronous - Protocols that require the clocks
of communicating machines or devices to be
coordinated.
RAM - An acronym for Random Access Memory.
A type of memory used as the “working memory”
of a computer system. See DRAM and SRAM.
Synchronous Cache - A type of cache that uses a
clock signal to latch the inputs and the data
output. This structure spreads the cache access
across two or three cycles while maintaining a
bandwidth of one access per cycle. Improves
performance by 5-10%.
ROM - An acronym for Read Only Memory. A
type of memory that retains its data without
requiring power. Once written, it cannot be
modified. See EPROM and Flash ROM.
SCSI - An acronym for Small Computer Systems
Interface. An interface standard used to interface
hard disk drives, removable cartridge drives, tape
drives, and CD-ROMs to the computer system.
SCSI allows multiple, high-performance
peripheral devices to be connected in a chain.
Each has its own address. Data and control signals
are sent along the chain and only the specifically
addressed device responds.
SCSI II - An interface standard that adds features
to the SCSI standard. These include 32-bit data
transfer, command queuing, Fast SCSI, and
support for a wider variety of peripherals.
SCSI III - A proposed standard which supports
transfer rates of up to 40MB/sec.
Serial - A type of data transmission in which the
data is sent one bit at a time over a single wire.
See parallel.
Serial Port - A communications port used to
connect peripherals such as modems and mice.
Setup - A program which allows you to make
changes to the system configuration.
Shadow RAM - A technique used to load a
duplicate copy of BIOS from slower ROM into
faster RAM. This enhances system performance
providing higher access speed to the BIOS.
Terabyte - A measurement for very, very large
storage capacity. One Terabyte is equivalent
one-thousand gigabytes, one-million megabytes,
or 1,099,511,627,766 bytes.
VESA - An acronym for Video Electronics and
Standards Association.
VESA Localbus (VL-Bus) - A high performance
bus designed by VESA. A 32-bit version of the
ISA bus which operates at the speed of the
computer’s CPU. See PCI, EISA, and ISA.
VGA - An acronym for Video Graphics Array. A
standard for monitor displays.
VR - Pentium CPU voltage ranging from 3.300 3.465 Volts.
VRE - Pentium CPU voltage ranging from 3.400
- 3.600 Volts.
Warm Boot - Restarting the system by
simultaneously pressing the <Ctrl>, <Alt>, and
<Delete> keys.
Write-Back Cache - Upon a cache hit, the cache
is updated and the main memory is not affected.
Upon a cache miss, only the main memory is
updated.
Write-Through Cache - Upon a cache hit, the
cache and the main memory are updated. Upon a
cache miss, only the main memory is updated.
SIMM - An acronym for Standard Inline Memory
Module. A small printed circuit board containing
memory chips.
G-3
Limited Warranty
Except as described below, Micronics warrants the products to be free from
defects in material and workmanship in normal use for a period of one (1) year
from date of purchase. Should any product fail to perform according to this
warranty at any time during the warranty period, except as provided below,
Micronics or its authorized service centers will, at Micronics’ option, repair or
replace the product at no additional charge.
The warranty does not cover loss or damage which occurs in shipment or
which is due to: (1) improper installation or maintenance, misuse, neglect or
any cause other than ordinary commercial application, including without
limitation, accidents or acts of God; (2) adjustment, repair, or modification by
other than a Micronics authorized service center; (3) improper environment,
excessive or inadequate heating or air conditioning, or electrical power
failures, surges or other irregularities; (4) any statement about the product
other than those set forth in this warranty; or (5) nonconformity to models or
samples shown to the purchaser. Any models or samples were for the sole
purpose of suggesting the character of the product and are not intended to
form the basis of the bargain.
A receipt or copy of the invoice with the date of purchase from a Micronics
reseller is required before any warranty service can be rendered. Service can
be obtained by calling Micronics for a Return Merchandise Authorization
(RMA) Number.
The RMA Number should be prominently displayed on the outside of the
shipping carton of the returned product. Returned product should be shipped
prepaid or hand carried to Micronics. The purchaser assumes risk of loss or
damage in transit, and unless otherwise agreed to in writing by Micronics, will
pay inbound shipping charges.
The exclusive remedy of the purchaser under this warranty above will be
repair or replace at Micronics’ option, but if for any reason that remedy should
fail of its essential purpose, the exclusive remedy of the purchaser shall then
be actual damages up to amounts paid for the defective product by the
purchaser. This limited warranty shall be deemed to “fail of its essential
purpose” if, after repeated efforts, Micronics is unable to make the product
operate as warranted. Micronics’ liability for damages to the purchaser for
any cause whatsoever; regardless of the form of action and whether in contract
or in tort, shall be limited to the purchase price in effect when the cause of
action arose for the product that is the basis of the claim.
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Micronics M6Pi System Board Manual
Micronics will not be liable for any lost profits or any indirect, special
incidental or consequential damages in connection with the product, even if
Micronics has been advised of the possibility of such damages.
Micronics makes no warranties or representations as to performance of
products or as to service to distributor or to any person, except as set forth in
Micronics; limited warranty accompanying delivery of product.
Micronics disclaims all other warranties whether oral, written, expressed, or
implied, including without limitation, the warranties of design, merchantability, or fitness for a particular purpose, if applicable, or arising from a course of
dealing, usage or trade practice.
Non-Warranty Service
After the one year warranty service is no longer in effect, repair service is still
available for Micronics products. For more information, contact Micronics’
RMA department at (510) 683-0428 or (510) 683-0389. The RMA department is open between 8:30 A.M. and 5 P.M. Pacific Standard Time.
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