Chevrolet 1993 Camaro Owner`s manual

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Carnaro
Introduction
Part I
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5
Part 6
Part 7
Part 8
1993 Owner’s Manual
Table of Contents
HOWto Use This
Manual.
Seats & Safety Belts
Features & Controls
Comfort Controls & Audio Systems
Your Driving and the Road
Problems on the Road
Service & Appearance Care
Maintenance Schedule.
.
CustomerAssistance Information
m
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11
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A09
131
183
217
285
313
including “Reporting Safety Defects” on page 318.
Part9 Indexm=
mm.......................
Service Station Information
Printed in U.S.A.
Part No. 10193571 B
329
Last Page
Second Printing
1
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Please keep this manual in your Chevrolet,
so it will be there if you
ever need it when you’re on the road.
If you
sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in
it new owner can useit.
so the
This manual includes the latest information at the time it was printed. We reserve the
to make
right changes in
the product after that time without further notice. For vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute the name
“General Motorsof Canada Limited” for Chevrolet Motor Division whenever it appears in this manual.
I
For Canadian Owners
Who Prefer a French Language Manual
Aux propribtaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vousprocurer un exemplaire dece guide en francais chez votre concessionaire
ou au DGN Marketing Services Ltd.,1500 Bonhill Rd., Mississauga, OntarioL5T 1C7.
Published by Chevrolet MotorDivision
General Motors Corporation
General Motors, GM and the GM emblem,
Chevroiet and the Chevrolet emblem, and Camaro
and the Camaro emblem are registered trademarks of
General Motors Corporation.
0 Copyright 1992 General Motors Corporation, Chevrolet Motor Division. All RightsReserved.
...2
The Heritage of Chevrolet
making cars,forming halfthe team thatgave
birth to Chevrolet.
Louis Chevrolet, the other halfof the team,
at the wheelof his experimental ' 'Classic
Six, '' which enteredproduction in
1912-producing 2999 vehicles.
L
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In January 1942. Chevroletfactories
were convertedto militaryproduction in
an all-out efort to achieve victory in
Europe and thePacific. . but millions of
Americans already owned a “Chevy. ”
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ed for
performance with quality
and
v
The 1957Chevy started a romance with the
American public-and was powered by an
availablefuel-injected V8.
Jim Perkins,
General Manag60's automotive excitement included
Chevrolet landmarks like the
Corvette Sting
Ray, the sporty Camuro, and power-plants
like thelegendary 32 7 V8.
Your new Chevrolet continues a tradition of quality and
value.
5 . .
.
How to Use This Manual
How to Use This
Manual
How to Use This Manual
Part 4: Your Driving and the Road
Many people read their owner’s manual This part tells you how to use your
Here you’ll find helpful information and
from beginning to end when they first
manual and includes safety and vehicle
tips about the road and how to drive
receive their new vehicle. This will help damage warnings and symbols.
under different conditions.
you learn about the features and controls Part 1: Seats & Safety Belts
Part 5: Problems on the Road
for your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll
This part tells you how to use your seats This part tells you what to do if you
find that pictures and words work
and
safety belts properly.
have a problem while driving, such as a
together to explain things quickly.
flat tire or engine overheating.
Part 2: Features & Controls
Index: A good place to look for what
Part 6: Service & Appearance Care
This part explains how to start and
you need is the Index in back of the
operate your Chevrolet.
Here the manual tells you how to keep
manual. It’s an alphabetical list of all
your Chevrolet running properly and
that’s in the manual, and the page
Part 3: Comfort Controls & Audio
good.
looking
number where you’ll find it.
Systems
Part 7: Maintenance Schedule
Parts 1-8: Each part of this manual
This part tells you how to adjust the
begins with a brief list of its contents, so ventilation and comfort controls and
This part tells when to perform vehicle
you can often find at a glance if a part
how to operate your sound system.
maintenance and what fluids and
contains the information you want.
lubricants to use.
1
These mean there is something
-:hat could hurt you or other
people.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
Part 8: Customer Assistance
Information
This part includes important information
about reporting safety defects and gives
you details about the “Roadside
Assistance” program. You will also find
customer satisfaction phone numbers
(including customer satisfaction numbers
for the hearing and speech impaired), as
well as the mediation/arbitration
procedure. We’ve also included ordering
information for service publications in
this part.
Service Station Information
This is a quick reference of service
information. You can find it on the last
page of this manual.
You will find a number of safety
cautions in this book. We use yellow
and the word CAUTION to tell you
about things that could hurt you if you
were to ignore the warning.
In the yellow caution area, we tell you
what the hazard is. Then we tell you
what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions. If
you don’t, you or others could be hurt.
How to Use This Manual
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Tou will also find a red circle with a
lash through it in this book. This safety
ymbol means “Don’t, ” “Don’t do
lis,” or “Don’t let this happen.”
Also, in this book you will find these
blue notices,
In the blue notice area, we tell you
about something that can damage your
vehicle. Many times, this damage would
not be covered by your warranty, and it
could be costly. But the notice will tell
you what to do to help avoid the
damage.
When you read other manuals, you
might see CAUTION and NOTICE
warnings in different colors or in
different words. In this manual, we’ve
used the familiar words and colors that
Chevrolet has used for years.
You’ll also see warning labels on your
vehicle. They use the same colors, and
the words CAUTION or NOTICE.
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Vehicle Symbok
These are some of the symbols you will
find on your vehicle. For example, these
symbols are used on an original battery:
These symbols are important for you
and your passengers whenever your
vehicle is driven:
Caution Possible Injury
Fasten Safety Belts
Hazard Warning Flasher
Headlight High Beam
Protect Eyes by Shielding
Door LocWUnlock
Parking Lights
Caustic Battery Acid
Could Cause Burns
These symbols have to do with your
lights:
pf
Courtesy Lights
Avoid Sparks or Flames
Master Lighting Switch
Turn Signal Direction
Sparks or Flame Could
Explode Battery
Fog Lights
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How to Use This Manual
These symbols are on some of your
controls:
These symbols are used on warning and
indicator lights:
Windshield Wiper
Engine Coolant
Temperature
0
Here are some other symbols you may
See:
Fuel
0-
Windshield Washer
Battery Charging System
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Windshield Defroster
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El
Hatchback
Release
Engine Oil Pressure
Brake (Canada)
Lighter
Rear Window Defogger
Ventilating Fan
Anti-Lock Brake System
(Canada)
Low Coolant
Hood Release
Horn
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Speaker
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How to Use This Manual
These symbols are on some of your
controls:
These symbols are used on warning and
indicator lights:
Windshield Wiper
Engine Coolant
Temperature
0
Here are some other symbols you may
See:
Fuel
0-
Windshield Washer
Battery Charging System
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Windshield Defroster
9
El
Hatchback
Release
Engine Oil Pressure
Brake (Canada)
Lighter
Rear Window Defogger
Ventilating Fan
Anti-Lock Brake System
(Canada)
Low Coolant
Hood Release
Horn
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Speaker
p3
Part 1
Seats & Safety Belts
I
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H e r e YOU’IIfind information about
the seats in your Chevrolet and
how to use your safety belts
properly. You can also learn about
some things youshould not do
with safety belts.
Seats and Seat Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Why Safety Belts Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Here Are Questions Many People Ask about Safety Belts - and the Answers . . .
Safety Belt Reminder Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Child Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LargerChildren . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Belt Extender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking Your Restraint Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing Safety Belts after a Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
15
17
19
20
21
34
36
43
44
45
45
ll...
Seats & Safety Belts
1
Seats and Seat Controls
This section tells you about the seats Manual Front Seat
Ihow to adjust them, and also about
Move the lever under the passenger's
1reclining front seatbacks, seatback latches
front seat to unlock it. Slide the seat to
iand the folding rear seatback.
where you want it. Then release the lever
and try to move the seat with your body,
to make sure the seat is locked into place.
.
12
Four- Way Manual Seat
To move the driver's seat forward or
backward, lift the lever under the left
front of the seat. To tilt the entire seat, lift
the lever under the right front of the seat.
.. . ..
You can lose control of the
h vehicle if you try to adjust a
manual driver's seat while the
vehicle is moving. The sudden
movement could startle and confuse
you, or make you push a pedal when
you don't want to. Adjust the
driver's seat only when the vehicle
is not moving.
Six- Way Power Seat( o p m v )
Reclining Front Seatbacks
The driver's seat has three controls on
the left side.
The front control makes the front of the
seat go up and down.
The back control makes the back of the
seal go up and down.
The center control makes the whole seat
go up and down or forward and
backward.
To adjust the seatback, lift the lever on the
outer side of the seat. Release the lever to
lock the seatback where you want it. Pull
up on the lever, and the seatwill go to its
original upright position. But don't have
the seatback reclined if your vehicle is
moving.
Seats 8t Safety Belts
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Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle is in motion can be
dangerous. Even if you buckle up, your safety belts can’tdo their job when
you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job because it won’t be against your body. Instead,
it will be in front of you. In a crash you could go into it, receiving neck or other
injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash the belt could go up over your
abdomen. The b e l t forces would be there, not at your pelvic bones. This could
cause serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicleis in motion, have the seatback upright.
Then sit well back in the seat and wear your safety belt properly.
14
Front Seatbacklatches
The front seatbacks fold forward to let
people get into the back seat. To fold a
seatback forward, push the seatback
toward the rear as you lift this latch. Then
the seatback will fold forward.
Folding Rear Seatback
When you return the seatback to its
original position, make sure the seatback
is locked. The latch must be down for the
seat to work properly.
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CAUTlON:
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If the seatback isn’t locked,
it could move forward in a
sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting
there. Always press rearward on the
seatback to be sure it is locked.
The rear seatback in your Chevrolet folds
down to provide more storage space.
To fold the seatback down:
1. Pull forward on both levers.
2. Fold the seatback down.
To raise the seatback:
1. Pull it up to the locked, upright
position.
2. Be sure both latches hold the seatback
in place. Have them fixedif they
don’t.
Safety Belts: They’re
for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to
use safety belts properly. It also tells you
some things you should not do with safety
belts. And it explains the Supplemental
Inflatable Restraint, or “air bag” system.
15.9.
Seats & Safety Belts
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Don’t let anyone rid6 where
nh they can? wear a safety belt
properIy. If YOU are in a crash and
you’re not wearing a safety belt,
your injuries can be much worse.
You can hit things inside the vehicle
or be ejected from it. You can be
seriously injured or killed. In the
same crash, you might not k if you
are buckled up. Always fasten your
safety belt, and check that your
passengers”belts are fastened
properly too.
This figure lights up when you turn the
key to Run or Start when your safety belt
isn‘t buckled, and you’ll hear achime,
too. It’s the reminder to buckle up.
In many states and Canadian provinces,
the law says to wear safety belts. Mere’s
why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If
you do have a crash, you don’t knowif it
will be a bad one.
A few crashes are very mild. In them, you
won‘t get hurt even if you’re not buckled
up. And some crashes canbe so serious,
like being hit by a train, that even buckled
up a person wouldn’t survive. But most
crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and
sometimes walk away. Without belts they
could be badly hurt or killed.
After 25 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the fxts are clear. In most crashes
buckling up does matter ... a lot!
~.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go
as fast as i t goes.
For example, if the bike is going IO mph
(16 km/h), so is the child.
When the bike hits the block, it stops. But
the child keeps going!
Take the simplest "car." Suppose it's just
a seat on wheels.
Seats 8t Safety Belts
Put someone on i t .
Get i t up to speed. Then stop the "car."
The rider doesn't stop.
The person keeps going until stopped by
something.
In a real vehicle, i t could be the
windshield ...
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or the instrument panel
...
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the
vehicle does. You get more time to stop.
You stop over more distance, and your
strongest bones take the forces. That’s
why safety belts make such good sense.
Here Are Questions
Many People Ask about
Safety Belts - and the
Answers
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle
after an accident if I’m wearing a
safety belt?
A: You could be - whether you’re
wearing a safety belt or not. But you
can easily unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your
chance of being conscious during and
after an accident, so you can unbuckle
and get out, is much greater if you are
belted.
Seats & Safety Belts
Q: Why don’t they just put in air bags
so people won’t have to wear safety
belts?
A: “Air bags,” or Supplemental Intlatable
Restraint systems, are in some
vehicles today and will be in more of
them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only - so they
work with safety belts, not instead of
them. Every “air bag” system ever
offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a
vehicle that has “air bags,” you still
have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in
frontal collisions, but especially in
side and other collisions.
---2o
Q: If I’m a good driver, and I never
drive farfrom home, why should I
wear safety belts?
A: You may be an excellent driver, but if
you’re in an accident - even one that
isn’t your fault - you and your
passengers can be hurt. Being a good
driver doesn’t protect you from things
beyond your control, such as bad
drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles
(40 km) of home. And the greatest
number of serious injuries and deaths
occur at speeds of less than 40 mph
(65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
Safety Belt Reminder
Light
When the key is turned to Run or Start,
a light will come on for about eight
seconds to remind peopleto fasten their
safety belts. Unless the driver’s safety belt
is buckled, a chime will also sound.
How to WearSafety
Belts Properly
First, you’ll want to know which restraint
systems your vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Adults
This section is only for people of adult
size.
Driver Position
This section describes the driver’s
-%raint system.
1 CAUTION:
11
There are specialthingsto
A know about safety belts and
children. And there are different
rules for babies and smaller
children. If a child will be riding in
your Chevrolet, see the section after
this one, called “Children.” Follow
those rules for everyone’s
protection.
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Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s
how to wear it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat (to see how, see
“Seats” in the Index) so you can sit up
straight.
Seats 8t Safety Belts
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the
belt across you. Don’t let it get
twisted.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle
until it clicks.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see
“Safety Belt Extender’’at the end of
this section.
Make sure the release button on the
buckle faces upward or outward so
you would be able to unbuckle it
quickly if you ever had to.
5. To make the lap part tight, pull down
on the buckle end of the belt as you
pull up on the shoulder belt.
If the shoulder belt is too tight, move the
shoulder belt to the upper or lower guide
loop. Choose the one that makesthe
shoulder belt more comfortable.
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Q: What’s wrong with this?
Q: What’s wrong with this?
The lap part of the belt should be worn
low and snug on the hips, just touching
A: The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t A: The belt is buckled in the wrong
the thighs. In a crash, this applies force tc
give nearly as much protection this
place.
the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be
way.
less likely to slide under the lap belt. If
you slid under it, the belt would apply
CAUTION:
A
You canbeseriouslyinjured if
force at your abdomen. This could cause
L your belt is buckled in the
serious or even
fatal
injuries.
The
You can
seriously
be
hurt if
lur
shoulder
belt
is
too
loose.
wrong place like this. In a crash, the
shoulder belt should go over the shoulder belt would go up over your
and across the chest. These parts of theIn
a &ash you would move forward
abdomen. The belt forces would be
body are best able to take belt restraining
too much, which could increase
injury. The shoulder belt should fit
there, not at the pelvic bones. This
forces.
could cause serious internal injuries.
body.
your
against
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The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden
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Always buckle your belt into the
stop or crash.
buckle nearest you.
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Selts & 9 f e t y Belts
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Q: What’s wrong with this?
A: The shoulder belt is worn under the
arm. It should be worn over the
shoulder at all times.
PAIITlnN~
A
You can be seriously q u r e a 11
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you wear the shoulder belt
under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far fo-rward,
whichwould increase the chance of
headandneckinjury.
Also, the belt
would apply too much force to the
ribs,
which
aren’t
as strong as
shoulder bones. You could also
severely injureinternal organs like
liveryour
or spleen.
Q: What’s wrong with this?
A: The belt is twisted across the body.
You can be seriously injured by
- a twistedbelt. In a crash, you
wouldn-t havethe full width of the
belt to spread impactforces. If a belt
is twisted, make it straight so it can
work properly, or ask your dealer to
fix it.
’r,
YOU NEED YOUR !
AND HERE’S WHY:
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on
the buckle. The belt should go back out of
the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt
is out of the way. If you slam the door on
it, you can damage both the belt and your
vehicle.
ELT, EVEN W
Supplemental Inflatable
Restraint System (AirBags)
This section explains the Supplemental
Inflatable Restraint (SIR), or “air bag,”
system. Your Chevrolet has an air bag
for both the driver and the right-front
passenger.
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AN AIR BAG.
Here’s the most important thing to know:
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Even with an air bag, if you’re
L not wearing a safety belt and
you’re in a crash, your injuries may
be much worse. Air bags are not
designed to inflate in rollovers or in
rear, side or low-speed frontal
crashes. You need to wear your
safety belt to reduce the chance of
hitting things inside the vehicle or
being ejected from it. Always wear
your safety belt, even with an air
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Seats & Safety Belts
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m r Dags inflate wltn great
force, faster thanthe blink of
eye. If you’re too close to an
inflating air bag, it could seriously
injure you. Safety belts help keep
you in position for anair bag
inflation in a crash. Always wear
your safety belt, even with an air
bag, and the driver should sit as far
back as possible while still
maintaining control of the vehicle.
ull
An mtlating air bag can
I Air Bag System Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the
instrument panel, which has AIR BAG
,on it. The system checks itself and the
light tells you if there is a problem.
You will see this light flash for a few
seconds when you turn your ignition to
Run or Start. Then the light should go
out, which means the system is ready.
seriously injure small children.
Always secure chiidren properly in
your vehicle. To read how, see the
“‘Children and Safety Belts” section
of this manual, and read the caution
label on the front-passenger’s safety
L
belt.
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The right-front passenger’s air bag is
How the Air Rag System Works
located in the instrument panel on the
Where is the air bag?
passenger’s side.
The driver’s air bag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
If the air bag readiness light
b doesn’t come on when you
start your vehicle, or stays on, or
comes on when you are driving,
your air bag system may not work
properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
d
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Seats & Safety Belts
When is an air bag expected to inflate?
The air bag is designed to inflate in
moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal
crashes. The air bag will only inflate if
the velocity of the impact isabove the
designed threshold level. When impacting
straight into a wall that does not moveor
deform, the threshold level for most
GM vehicles is between 9 and 14 mph
(14 and 23 km/h). However, this velocity
threshold depends on the vehicle design
and may be several miles-per-hour faster
or slower. In addition, this threshold
velocity will be considerably higherif the
vehicle strikes an object such as a parked
car which will move and deform on
impact. The air bag is also not designed to
inflate in rollovers, side impacts, or rear
impacts where the inflation would provide
no occupant protection benefit.
In any particular crash,the determination
of whether the air bag should have
inflated cannot be based solely on the
level of damage on the vehicle(s).
Inflation is determinedby the angle of the
impact and the vehicle’s deceleration, of
which vehicle damage is only one
indication. Repair costis not a good
indicator of whether an air bag should
have deployed.
What makes an airbag inflate?
In a frontal or near-frontal impact of
sufficient severity, sensors strategical
located on the vehicle detect that the
vehicle is suddenly stoppingas a result of
a crash. These sensors complete an
electrical circuit, triggering a chemical
reaction of the sodium azide sealedin the
inflator. The reaction produces nitrogen
gas, which inflates a cloth bag. The
inflator, cloth bag, and related hardware
are all part of the air bag inflator modules
packed inside the steering wheel andin
the instrument panelin front of the
passenger.
How does an air bag restrain?
[n moderate to severe frontal or
near-frontal collisions, even belted
occupants can contact the steering wheel
or the instrument panel. The air bag
supplements the protection provided by
safety belts. Air bags distribute the force
of the impact more evenly over the
occupant’s upper body, stopping the
occupant more gradually. But air bags
would not provide protection in many
types of collisions, including rollovers
and rear and side impacts, primarily
because an occupant’s motion is not
toward the air bag. Air bags should never
be regarded as anything more than a
supplement to safety belt protection in
moderate to severe frontal and
near-frontal collisions.
t ime, but the portion of the bag that comes
1nto
contact with you will not be hotto
the touch. The nitrogen gas used to inflate
What will you see after an air bag
the air bag will have vented into the
inflation?
IIassenger compartment, and the bag will
After the air bag has inflated, it will then 1Je deflated within seconds after the
quickly deflate. This occurs so quickly
:ollision. Nitrogen makes up about 80%
that some people may not even realize
43f the air we breathe and is not hazardous.
that the air bag inflated. The air bag will
As the nitrogen vents from the bag, small
not impede the driver’s vision or ability
1particles are also vented into the
to steer the vehicle, nor will it hinder the
passenger compartment.
occupants from exiting the vehicle. There In many crashes severe enough to inflate
will be small amounts of smoke coming
an air bag, windshields are broken by
from vents in the deflated air bags. Some vehicle deformation. Additional
components of the air bag module in the
windshield breakage may occur in
steering wheel hub for the driver’s air bagr> vehicles with passenger air bags because
or the instrument panel for the
the windshield acts as a reaction surface
passenger’s bag may be hotfor a short
for the inflating air bag.
29-9.
_._
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1
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Seats & Safety Belts
CAUTlON;
~
0
0
0
-*
9
on’t attach anything to
e: steering wheel
pad. It
might injure thedriver if the
air bag inflates.
Don’t set anything on or attach
anything to the instrument
panel. It might injure the
passenger if the air bag
inflates.
The air bags are designed to
inflate only once. After they
inflate, you’ll need some new
parts for your air bag system.
If you don’t get them, the air
bag system won’t be there to
help protect you in another
crash. A new system will
include air bag modules and
possibly other parts.
Let only qualified technicians
work on you#air bag system.
Improper service can mean
that your air bag system won’t
work properly. See your dealer
for service.
30
I
may not work properly. You may
have to replace both theair bag a
:instrumentpanel.Don’
pen or
%ak the air bag cover.
regular maintenance. Your Chevrolet
dealer and the 1993 Camaro Service
Manual have information about the air
bag system, including repair or disposal.
I A
Servicing Your Chevrolet with the Air
Bag System
Please tell or remind anyone who works
on your Chevrolet that it has the air bag
system. There are partsof the air bag
system in several places around your
vehicle. You don’t want the system to
inflate while someone is working on your
vehicle. The air bag system does not need
For up to 2 minutes after the
ignition key is turned off and
the battery disconnected, anair bag
can still inflate during improper
service. You can be injured if you
are close to an air bag whenit
inflates. Be sure to follow the proper
service procedures.
L
When electrical work is done under the
hood or inside your vehicle, the ignition
should be in LOCK if possible. Avoid
wires wrapped with yellowtape, or yellow
connectors. They are probably part of the
air bag system.
Your vehicle has adriver’s air bag and a
right-front passenger’s air bag. Both bags
must be disconnected if the ignitionhas to
be on for electrical work or if the steering
column is tobe disassembled. First,
disconnect the driver’s air bag like this:
1. Turn off the ignition.
2. Remove the SIR (air bag) fuse.
(See “Fusesand Circuit Breakers”
in the Index.)
3. Disconnect the yellow connector at the
base of the steering column.
After you follow this procedure for the
jriver ’s air bag, then disconnect the
right-front passenger’s air bag like this:
1. Remove the cover under the instrument
panel.
2. Disconnect the small yellow connector
below the glove box.
When the work is complete, if the airbag
system was disconnected, be sure to
reattach everything and replace the fuse
before turning the ignition on. When you
turn the ignition key on, be sure you see
the air bag readiness light on the
instrument panel. If you don’t see this lighl
flash and then go out as usual, have your
air bag system repaired.
Safety Belt Usedumg
Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including
pregnant women. Like all occupants, they
are more likely to be seriously injured if
they don’t wear safety belts.
A pregnant woman should wear a
lap-shoulder belt, and the lapportion
should be worn as low as possible
throughout the pregnancy.
The best way to protect the fetus is to
protect the mother. When a safety belt is
worn properly, it’s morelikely that the
fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For pregnant
women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them
properly.
31
= = =
Seats 8t Safety Belts
Passenger Positions
Right Front Passenger Position
The right front passenger’s safety belt
works the same way as the driver’s safety
belt. See “Driver Position,” earlier in this
part.
Rear Seat Passengers
It’s very important for rear seat
passengers to buckle up! Accident
statistics show that unbelted people in the
rear seal are hurt more often in crashes
than those who are wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted
can be thrown out of the vehicle in a
crash. And they can strike others in the
vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
The rear seats have lap-shoulder belts.
Here’s how to wear one properly.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the
belt across y o u . Don’t let it get
twisted.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle
until it clicks.
>ai
r’
If the belt stops before it reaches the
buckle, tilt the latch plate and keep
pulling until you can buckle it.
If the belt is not long enough, see
“Safety Belt Extender” at the end of
this section.
Make sure the release button on the
buckle Paces upward or outward so
you would be able to unbuckle it
quickly if you ever had to.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down
on the buckle end of the belt as you
pull up on the shoulder part.
The lap part of the belt should be worn
low and snug on the hips, just touching
the thighs. In a crash, this applies force to
the strong pelvic bones. And you‘d be
less likely to slide under the lap belt. If
you slid under it, the belt would apply
force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The
shoulder belt should go over the shoulder
and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining
forces.
33.
Seats & Safety Belts
r
children
The safety belt locks if there's a sudden
stop or a crash.
You can be seriously hurt if
4 your shoulder belt is too loose.
In a crash you would move forward
3 much, which could increase
I InJury. The shoulder belt should fit
1
I
To unlatch the belt, just push the
button on the buckle.
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection!
That includes infants and all children
smaller than adult size. In fact, the law in
every state and Canadian province says
children up to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
Smaller Children and Babies
Smaller children and babies
should always be restrained in
a child or infant restraint. The
instructions for the restraint will say
whether it is the right type and size
for your child. A very young child’s
hip bones are so small that a regular
h-lt might not stay low on the hips,
uu it should. Instead, the belt will
likely be over the child’s abdomen.
In a crash the belt would apply force
right on the child3 abdomen, which
could cause serious or fatal injuries.
So, be sure that any child small
enough for one is always properly
itrained in a child or infant
ldraint.
I
A
Never hold a baby in your arms while riding in a vehicle. A baby doesn’t
weigh much - until a crash. During a crash a baby will become so heavy
you can’t hold it. For example, in a crash at only 25 mph (40 km/h>,a I2-pound
(5.5 kg) baby will suddenly become a 240-pound ( I 10 kg) force on your arms.
The baby would be almost impossible to hold.
Secure the baby in an infant restraint.
I,
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Seats & Safety Belts
CAUTION:
I
Child Restraints
Be sure to follow the instructions for the
restraint. You may find these instructions
on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or
both. These restraints use the belt system
in your vehicle, but thechild also has to
be secured within the restraint to help
reduce the chance of personal injury. The
instructions that come with the infant or
child restraint will show you how to do
that.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are
safer if they are restrained in the rear
rather than the front seat. We at General
Motors therefore recommend that you put
your child restraint in the rear seat. If you
are using a rear-facing child restraint,
don’t put it in the front seat. Here’s why:
I
Wherever you install it. be sure to secure
he child restraint properly.
CAUTION:
~~
A
An unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or
I
den stop and injure people in the
vehicle. Be sure to properly secure
any child restraint in your vehicle even when no child is in it.
Top Strap
If your child restraint has a top strap, it
should be anchored.
If you need to have an anchor installed.
you can ask your Chevrolet dealer to put
it in for you. If you want to install an
anchor yourself, your dealer can tell you
how to do it.
to gd is quite close to your fuel
tam. If the anchor isn’t put in
correctly, it can make a hole in the
fuel tank -either then, or in a later
collision. Gasoline could leak out
and be ignited, and people in the
vehicle or outside it could be badly
burned. Don’t put in the anchor
yourself unless you know you can
do it correctly.
Seats & Safety Belts
Vehicles first sold in Canada have child
restraint anchor bracket hardware in the
glove box, along with instructions for
installing it. This should be used only
with a child restraint, and only to securea
child restraint at a rear seating position.
An additional anchor bracket fora child
restraint at theother rear seating position
is available at Chevrolet dealerships in
Canada.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Rear 3. Pull out the vehicle’s safety belt and
run the lap part through or around the
Seat
restraint. The child restraint
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See
instructions will show you how. Tilt
the earlier section about the topstrap if
the
latch plate to adjust the belt if
the child restraint has one.
needed.
1. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow
See if the shoulder belt wouldgo in
the instructions for the child restraint.
front of the child’s face or neck. If so,
2. Secure the child in the child restraint
put it behind the child restraint.
as the instructions say.
I
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release
button faces upward or outward, so
you'll be able to unbuckle it quickly if
you ever need to.
I
5. To tighten the belt, pull up on the
shoulder belt while you push downon
the child restraint.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in
different directions to be sure it is
secure.
To remove the child restraint, just
unbuckle the vehicle's safety belt and let
it go back all the way. The safety belt will
move freely again and be readyto work
for an adult or larger child passenger.
Seats & Safety Belts
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat
Your vehicle has a right-front passenger’s
air bag. NEVER put a rear-facing child
restraint in this position. Here’s why:
*
A rear-facing child restraint in
1the front seat could be pushed
intotheseatback by theright-front
passenger’s air bag if it inflates. A
child in a rear-facing child restraint
can be seriously injured if this
happens. Always secure a
rr-facing child restraint in the rear
atat.
99940
II
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See
the earlier section about the top strap if
the child restraint has one.
You’ll need a safety locking clip to
properly secure a child restraint in this
position. You can get a locking clip where
child restraints are sold, or from your
Chevrolet dealer (GM Part No.
94844571). The locking clip must be the
same as the one shown here.
Until you have this clip, secure a child
restraint only in the rear seat. See the
earlier section about securinga child
restraint in the rear seat. Once you have
the clip, follow these instructions:
1. Move the seat as far back as it will go
before securing a front-facing child
restraint.
2. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow
the instructions for the child restraint.
3. Secure the child in the child restraint
as the instructions say.
4. Pull out the vehicle's safety belt and
run the lap part through or around the
restraint. The child restraint
instructions will show you how.
See if the shoulder belt would go in
front of the child's face or neck. If so,
put it behind the child restraint.
5. Buckle the belt.
Make sure the release button faces
upward or outward, so you'll be able
to unbuckle it quickly if you ever
need to.
A. Lap Belt Portion
B. LatchPlate
C. Buckle
D. Shoulder Belt Portion
E. LockingClip
6. Then thread both lap and shoulder belt
portions through the locking clip.
Seats & Safety Belts
\
If a hocking clip is not used or
is not installed properIy, the
w l l d restraint may move or tip over
when your vehicle turns or stops
quickly. The child or others could be
injured. When you secure a child
restraint with a lap-shoulder belt,
always thread both the lap and
shoulder belt portions through a
locking clip.
L
7. Push and pull the child restraint in
different directions to be sure it is
secure.
To remove the child restraint, just
unbuckle the vehicle's safety belt and
remove the locking clip. Let the safety
belt go back all the way.
When not used with a child
L restraint seat, a safety belt with
I
a child restraint locking clip still
attached can cause serious injury in
a crash. AIways remove the clip
when you are not using it with a
child restraint.
The safety belt will move freely again and
be ready to work for an adult or larger
child passenger.
Lurger Children
Children who have outgrown child
restraints should wear the vehicle’s safety
belts.
Accident statistics show that children are
safer if they are restrained in the rear seat.
But they need to use the safety belts
properly.
Children who aren’t buckled up can
be thrown out in a crash.
Children who aren’t buckled up can
strike other people who are.
r/nu I I V I V .
Never do this.
\
- Here two children are wearing
the same belt. The belt can’t
properly spread the impact forces.
In a crash, the two children can be
crushed together and seriously
injured. A belt must be used by only
one person at a time.
I
Seats & Safety Belts
Q. What if a child is wearing a
lap-shoulder belt, but the child is so
small that the shoulder belt is very
close to the child's face or neck?
A: Move the child toward the center of
the vehicle, but be sure that the
shoulder belt still is on the child's
shoulder, so that in a crash the child's
upper body would have the restraint
that belts provide,
II
'
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat
that has a lap-shoulder belt, but the
shoulder part is behind the child. If
the child wears the belt in this way,
in a crash the child might slide
under the belt. The belt's force
would then be applied right on the
child's abdomen. That could cause
serious or fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion 01
he belt should be worn low and snug on
he hips, just touching the child's thighs.
rhis applies belt force to the child's
Jelvic bones in a crash.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle's safety belt will faten
around you, you should use it.
But ifa safety belt isn't long enough to
fasten, your dealer will order you an
extender. It's free. When you go in to
order it, take the heaviest coat you will
wear, so the extender will be long enough
for you. The extender will be -just for you,
and just for the seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don't let someone else use it,
and use it only for the seat it is made to
fit. To wear it, just attach it to the regular
safety belt.
Checking Your
Restraint Systems
Vow and then, make sure all your belts,
mckles, latch plates, retractors,
Inchorages and reminder systems are
working properly. Look for any loose
?arts or damage. If you see anything that
night keep a restraint system from doing
Its job, have it repaired.
Replacing Safety Belts
after a Crash
Q: What’s wrong with this?
A: The belt is torn.
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new
belts?
L/mu I I V l V
After a very minor collision, nothing
may be necessary. But if the belts were
, Tornorfrayedbeltsmaynot
stretched, as theywouldbe if wornduring
1 protectyou in a crash. They
a more severe crash, thenyouneednew
can rip apart under impact forces. If
belts.
a belt-is torn or frayed, get a new
away.
right
one
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them.
Collision damage also may mean you will
have to have safety belt parts, like the
The model number on the replacement
retractor, replaced or anchorage locations belt must be listed on thesafety belt you
repaired - even if the belt wasn’t being
want to replace.
used at the time of the collision.
IF
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I
Notes
Part 2
Features & Controls
....
H e r e you can learn about the
many standard and optional
features on your Chevrolet.and
information on starting. shifting
and braking. Also explained are
the instrument panel and the
warning systems that tell youif
everything is working properlyand what to do if you have a
problem.
Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
DoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
50
Theft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
52
PASS-Key II@ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
53
NewVehicle"Break-In" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55
Ignitionswitch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55
Starting Your Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
57
Driving through Deep Standing Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
EngineBlockHeater
AutomaticTransmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
ManualTransmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
66
Limited-Slip Rear Axle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
.
Parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
EngineExhaust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
.
Horn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Tiltwheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
The Turn Signal/Headlight BeamLever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
77
84
OperationofLights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
InteriorLights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
86
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Twin Lift-off Roof Panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
88
StorageandCompartments
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
94
Sunvisors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ashtray and Lighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
94
FloorMats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Instrument Panel and Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
98
Warning Lights . Gages and Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
47
Features & Controls
4
Keys
The ignition keys are for the ignition only. The door keys are for the doors and a l l
other locks.
Leaving young children in a
L vehicle with the ignition key is
dangerous for many reasons. A
child or others could be badly
injured or even killed.
They could operate power windows
other controlsor even make the
or:hick move. Don't leave the keys
111 a vehicle with young children.
d
I
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I
I
.
I
When a new Camaro is delivered, the
dealer removes the plugs from the keys,
and gives them to the first owner.
However, the ignition key may not have a
Plug.
If the ignition key doesn't have a plug,
there will be a bar-coded key tag instead.
Each plug or tag has a code on it that tells
your dealer or a qualified locksmith how
to make extra keys. Keep the plugs in a
safe place. I f you lose your keys, you'll
be able to have new ones made easily
using these plugs. If your ignition keys
don't have plugs, go to your Chevrolet
dealer for the correct key code if you
need a new ignition key.
NOTICE:
Your Chevrolet has a number of
new features that can help prevent
theft. But you can have a lot of
trouble getting into your vehicle if
you ever lock your keys inside. You
may even have to darnage \'our
vehicle to getin. So be s YOU
have extra keys.
Features & Controls
Door Locks
I CAUTION:
A
Unlocked doors can be
dangerous.
Passengers - especially children
- can easily open thedoors and
fall out. When a door is locked,
the inside handle won’t open it.
Outsiders can easily enter through
an unlocked door when you slow
down or stop your vehicle.
This may not be so obvious: You
increase the chance of‘being
thrown out of the vehicle in a
crash if the doors aren’t locked.
Wear safety belts properly, lock
your doors, and you will be far
better off whenever you drive your
vehicle.
. . . 50
I
There are several ways to lock and unlock
your vehicle:
From the outside: Use your door key.
From the inside: To lock the door, move
the lock control on the door back.
To unlock the door. move the lock control
on the door forward.
Power Door Locks (Option)
Push the power door lock switch to lock
or unlock both doors at once.
The switch only works when the ignition
switch is in Run or Acc, or when RAP is
present. (See "Retained Accessory
Power" in the Index.)
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, take your
keys, open your door and set the locks
from inside. Then get out and close the
door.
Hatch Release
Your door key opens the hatch.
Remote Hatch Release (Option)
Press the switch in your glove box to
unlock the hatch from inside your vehicle.
If you have an automatic transmission,
your shift lever must be in P (Park) or
N (Neutral) to use the switch. If you have
a manual transmission and the ignition
switch is in Run. you must set the parking
brake before you can use the switch.
The switch only works when Ihe ignition
switch is in Run or Acc. or when RAP is
present. (See "Retained Accessory
Power" in the Index.)
Features & Controls
A
NOTICE:
you put things in the hatchback
I
area, be sure they won’t break the
glass when youclose it. Never slam
the hatch down. You could break thL
glass or damage the defogper grid
(if equipped).
-9.52
It can be dangerous to drive
with the hatch open. Carbon
monoxide (CO) gas can come into
your vehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousness
and even death.
If you must drive with the hatch
open:
Make sure all other windows
are shut.
Turn the fan on your heating
or cooling system to its
highest speed with the setting
on 9 . That will force
outside air into your vehicle.
See “Comfort Controls” in
the Index.
If you have air vents on or
under the instrument panel,
open them all the way.
Theft
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in
some cities. Although your Chevrolet has
a number of theft-deterrent features, we
know that nothing we put on it can make
it impossible to steal. However, there are
ways you can help.
Key in the ignition: If you walk away
from your vehicle with the keys inside,
it’s an easy target for joy riders or
professional thieves - so don’t do it.
,I
When you park your Chevrolet and open
the driver’s door, you’ll hear a tone
reminding you to remove your key from
the ignition and take it with you. Always
do this. Your steering wheel will be
locked, and so will your ignition. If you
have an automatic transmission, taking
your key out also locks your transmission.
And remember to lock the doors.
Parking at Night: Park in a lighted spot,
close all windows and lock your vehicle.
Remember to keep your valuables out of
sight. Put them in a storage area, or take
them with you.
Parking Lots: If you park in a lot where
someone will be watching your vehicle,
it’s best to lock it up and take your keys.
But what if you have to leave your
ignition key? What if you have to leave
something valuable in your vehicle?
0 Put your valuables in a storage area,
like your glove box.
0 Lock the glove box.
0 Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
Then take the door key with you.
Your vehicle is equipped with the
PASS-Key II@(Personalized Automotive
Security System) theft-deterrent system.
PASS-Key II@is a passive theft-deterrent
system. This means you don’t have to do
anything different to arm or disarm the
system. It works when you insert or
remove the ke from the ignition.
PASS-Key I1d uses a resistor pellet in
the ignition key that matches a decoder
in your vehicle.
When the PASS-Key II@ system senses
that someone is using the wrong key, it
shuts down the vehicle‘s starter and fuel
systems. For about three minutes, the
starter won’t work and fuel won’t go to
53-
Features & Controls
the engine. If someone tries to start your
vehicle again or uses another key during
this time, the vehicle will not start. This
discourages someone from randomly
trying different keys with different
resistor pellets in an attempt to make a
match.
The ignition key must be clean and dry
before it’s inserted in the ignition or the
engine may not start. If the engine does
not start and the SECURITY light stays
on when you try to start the vehicle, the
key may be dirty or wet. Turn the
ignition off.
Zlean and dry the key. Wait about three
ninutes and try again. The SECURITY
ight will remain on during this time. If
the starter still won’t work, and the key
appears to be clean and dry, wait about
three minutes and try the other ignition
key. At this time, you may also want to
check the fuses (see “Fuses and Circuit
Breakers” in the Index). If the starter
won’t work with the other key, your
vehicle needs service. If your vehicle
does start, the first ignition key may
be faulty. See your Chevrolet dealer
or a locksmith who can service the
PASS-Key II@.
[f you accidentally use a key that has a
lamaged or missing resistor pellet, the
;tarter won’t work and the security light
will flash. But you don’t have to wait
hree minutes before trying one of the
Ither ignition keys.
See your Chevroletdealer or a locksmith
who can service the PASS-Key II@to
have a new key made.
If you’re ever driving and the
SECURITY light comes on and stays on,
you will be able to restart your en ine if
you turn it off. Your PASS-Key I1%
;ystem, however, is not working properly
md must be serviced by your Chevrolet
lealer. Your vehicle is not protected by
:he PASS-Key 11’ system.
:f you lose or damage a PASS-Key 11’
gnition key, see your Chevrolet
lealer or a locksmith who can service
’ASS-Key 11’ to have a new key made.
Off (C): Unlocks the steering wheel,
ignition and automatic transmission, but
does not send electrical power to any
accessories. Use this position if your
vehicle must be pushed or towed. A
warning tone will sound if you open the
driver’s door when the ignition is in Off
and the key is in the ignition.
Run (D): Position to which the switch
returns after you start your engine and
release the switch. The switch stays in the
Run position when the engine is running.
But even when the engine is not running,
you can use Run to operate your
electrical power accessories and to
display some instrument panel warning
and indicator lights.
Features & Controls
Start (E): Starts the engine. When the
engine starts, release the key. The ignition
switch will return to Run for normal
driving.
Note that even if the engine is not
running, Acc and Run allow you to
operate your electrical accessories. such
as the radio and ventilation fan.
. . . 56
Key Release Button: I 1 you have a
manual transmission, your ignition lock
has a key release button. You must press
the button before you can take your key
out of the ignition lock.
On manual transmission
1 vehicles, turning the key to
LOCK will lock the steering
column and result in a loss of ability
to steer the vehicle. This could
cause a collision. If you need to turn
the engine off while the vehicle is
moving, turn the key only to Off.
Don't press the key release button
while the vehicle is moving.
I
rn
.I
Starting Your Engine
NOTICE:
power door locks, electric mirrors, power
If yourkeyseemsstuck
in LOCK
1 windows, audio system and remote hatch
and you can’t turn it, be sure it is all 5 release will continue to work up to 10
the way in. If it is, then turn the
minutes after the ignition key is turned to
steering wheel left and right whil
Off and neither door is opened.
you turn the key hard. But turn tt
If a door is opened, the audio system and
key only with your hand. Usir
power windows will shut off. The power
tool to force it could break the key
door locks, electric mirrors and remote
or the ignition switch. If none of thi:
hatch release will work until you shut the
works, then your vehicle n v A r
door. Once you have shut the door, these
service.
i accessories will continue to work for
approximately 35 seconds. After this
time you will not be able to use these
1ietained Accessory Power (RAP)
accessories until the next time you open
I f you have power door locks, your
a
door or turn on the ignilion.
\lehicle has a feature called Retained
Ikcessory Power (RAP). With RAP your
T
Automatic Transmission: Move your
shift lever to P (Park) or N (Neutral).
Your engine won’t start in any other
position - that’s a safety feature. To
restart when you’re already moving,
use N (Neutral) only.
NOTICE:
Don‘t try to shilt to P (Park) if your
Chevrolet is moving. If you do, vou
could damage the transmission,
Shift to P (Park) o
V
I
Features & Controls
Manual Transmission: Shift your gear
selector to neutral and hold the clutch
pedal to the floor while starting the
engine. Your vehicle won’t start if the
clutch pedal is not all the way down that’s a safety feature.
To start your V6 engine:
1. Don’t push the accelerator pedal
before starting your engine. In some
other vehicles you might need to do
this, but because of your vehicle’s
computer systems, you don’t.
2. Turn your ignition key to Start. When
the engine starts, let go of the key. The
idle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
NOTICE:
3. If your engine won’t start (or starts but
then stops), it could be flooded with
too much gasoline. Try pushing your
accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold
the key in Start for about three
seconds. If the vehicle starts briefly
but then stops again, do the same
thing, but this time keep the pedal
down for five or six seconds. This
clears the extra gasoline from the
engine.
3. If
1. Don't push the accelerator pedal
before starting your engine. In some
other vehicles you might need to do
this, but because of your vehicle's
computer systems, you don't.
2. Turn the ignition key to Start. When
the engine starts, let go of the key. The
idle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
it doesn't start within 10 seconds,
push the accelerator pedal all the
way to the floor, while you hold the
ignition key in Start. When the engine
starts, let go of the key and let up on
the accelerator pedal. Wait about
15 seconds between each try to help
avoid draining your battery.
NOTICE:
Holding your kev in Start for
longer than 15 siconds at a time will
cause your battery to be drained
much sooner. And the excessive
beat~can
damage..,."_...
your starter
motor.
.
.
_,~~___
x
,~~
"~~~
. .~
,........,.,..
II
I
Features 8t Controls
When starting your engine in very cold
weather (below 0°F or - I SOC), do this:
1. With your foot off the accelerator
pedal, turn the ignition key to Start
and hold it there. When the engine
starts, let go of the key. Use the
accelerator pedal to maintain engine
speed, if you have to, until your
engine has run for a while.
2. If your engine still won’t start (or
starts but then stops), it could be
flooded with too much gasoline. Try
pushing your accelerator pedal all the
way to the floor and holding it there
as you hold the key in Start for about
three seconds. If the vehicle starts
briefly but then stops again, do the
same thing, but this time keep the
pedal down for five or six seconds.
This clears the extra gasoline from
the engine.
NOTICE:
1Your engine is designed to work
with the electronics in your vehicle.
If you add electrical partsor
accessories, you could change th
way the fuel injection system
operates. Before adding electrlcal
equipment,checkwithyourdealer.
If you don’t, your engine might not
perform properly.
If you ever have to have your
vehicle towed, see the part of thi
Manual that tells how todo it
without damaging your vehicle.
See “Towing Your Vehicle’’ in th
Index
I
II
I
Driving through Deep
Standing Water
NOTiCE:
[f you drive too quickly throul
deep puddles or standing wt:r,
water can come in through your
engine’s air intake and badly
damage your engine. If you can’t
avoid deep puddle< nr standing
water, drive throulthemvery
slowly
Engine Block Heater
(OPTION)
In very cold weather, 0 OF (- 18 “C)or
colder, the engine block heater can help.
You’ll get easier starting and better fuel
economy during engine warm-up.
To use the block heater:
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the
electrical cord.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded
1 10-volt outlet.
CAUTiON:
A
Plugging the cord into an
ungroundedoutletcould cause
an electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could
overheat and cause a fire. You could
be seriously injured. Plug the cord
into a properly grounded
three-prong 1 10-volt outlet. If the
cord won’t reach, use a heavy-duty
three-prong extension cord rated for
at least 15 amps.
I
Features & Controls
Automatic
Transmission
I
I NOTICE:
me DIOCK neater,
sure to store the cord as it was
,-fore, to keep it aw-f from movin
h ’ t $&add
,$a;!$$$,.
engine parts. If you
. ,Q
.
h,~
be damaged.
H T I you-ve
~ ~
usea
There are several different positions for
your shift lever.
P (Park)
This locks your rear wheels. It’s the best
I position to use when you start your
engine because your vehicle can’t move
How long should you keep the block
easily.
heater plugged in? The answer depends
on the weather, the kindof oil you have,
and some other things. Instead of trying to
list everything here, we ask that you
contact a Chevrolet dealer in the area
where you’ll be parking your vehicle.The
dealer can give you the best advice for
that particular area,
I-
;
,
i
,
I
... 62
t!
,,<.>
It is dangerous to get out of
your vehicle if rhe shift lever is
not fully in P (Park) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your
vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the
engine is running unless you have
to. If you have left the engine
running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle
won’t move, when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your
parking brake and move the shift
lever to P (Park).
See “Shifting into P (Park)” in the
Index. I f you are parking on a hill,
or if you’re pulling a trailer, also
see “Parking on Hills” or “Towing
a Trailer” in the Index.
I
Ensure the shift lever is fully in P (Park)
range before starting the engine. Your
Chevrolet has a brake-transmission shift
interlock. You have to fully apply your
regular brakes before you can shift from
P (Park) when the ignition key is in the
Run position. Ifyou cannotshiftout of
P (Park), ease pressure on theshiftlever
- pushtheshiftleverallthewayinto
P (Park) and also release the shift lever
button on floor shift console models as
you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into thegear you
wish. (Press the shift lever button before
moving the shift lever on tloor shift
console models.) See "Shifting out of
P (Park)" in this part.
R (Reverse)
Use this gear to back up.
0
11
NOTICE:
I
Shifting to K (Reverse) whileyour
vehicle is movingforwardcould
damage your transmission. Shift to
R only after yourvehicle is stopped.
N (Neutral)
In this position, your engine doesn't
connect with the wheels. To restart when
you're already moving, use N (Neutral)
only. Also, use N when your vehicle is
being towed.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to
get out of snow, ice or sand without
damaging your transmission, see "Stuck:
In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow, If You're"
in the Index.
L
639
9
Features & Controls
.
Shifting out of Y (Park) or
N (Neutral) while your engine
1 3 “racing” (running at high speed)
is dangerous. Unless your foot is
firmly on the brake pedal, your
vehicle could move very rapidly.
You could lose control and hit
people or objects. Don’t shift out of
P (Park) or N (Neutral) while your
engine is racing.
II
I
~
Damage to yourtransmission
caused by shifting out of P (Park) o
N (Neutral) with the engine racin;
isn’t covered by your warranty.
@ AutomaticOverdrive
This position is for normal driving. If you
need more power for passing, m d you’re:
- Going less than about 35 mph
(56 km/h), push your accelerator
pedal abou; halfway down.
-
Going about 35 mph (56 km/h) or
more, push the accelerator all the way
down.
You’ll shift down to the next gear and
have more power.
D (Third Gear)
This is like @
, but
Iyou never go into
Overdrive.
Here are some times you might choose D
instead of @ :
-
I-
When driving on hilly, winding roads
When towing a trailer. so there is less
shifting between gears
When going down a steep hill
2 (Second Gear)
rhis position gives you more power but
.ower fuel economy. You can use 2 on
lills. It can help control your speed as
you go down steep mountain roads, but
:hen you would also want to use your
xakes off and on.
D
NOTICE:
Don't drive in 2 (Second Gear)
more than 5 miles (8 km), or at
speeds over 55 mph (88 kmh)
you can damage your transmissi
Use @ or D as much as possible.
Don't shift into 2 unless you are golng
slower than 65 mph ( 105 km/h), 1
you can damage your engine.
1 (First Gear) (V6 Engine)
This position gives you even more power
(but lower fuel economy) than 2. You can
use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow
or mud. If the selector lever is put in 1,
the transmission won't shift into first gear
until the vehicle is going slowly enough.
65.
Features & Controls
Manual Transmission
r
, ,
If your rear wheels can’t rotat
don’t try to drive. This might
happen if you were stuck in v
deep sand or mud or were up
against a solid object. You
damage your transmission
Also, if you stop when goi
uphill, don’t hold your vehi
there with only the accelerat
pedal. This could overheat an
damage the transmission. Use your
brakes or shiftinto P (Park) to hold
9.966
Maximum engine speed is limited to
protect driveline components from
improper operation.
Five-Speed
This is your shift pattern. Here’s howto
operate your transmission:
1 (First Gear) -Press the clutch
pedal and shift into 1. Then, slowly
let up on the clutch pedal as you
press the accelerator pedal.
You can shift into 1 when you’re
going less than 20 mph (32 km/h). If
you’ve come to a complete stop and
it’s hard to shift into 1, put the shift
lever in Neutral and let up on the
clutch. Press the clutch pedal back
down. Then shift into 1.
I
Six-Speed
2 (Second Gear) -Press the clutch
0
pedal as you let up on the accelerator
pedal and shift into 2. Then, slowly
let up on the clutch pedal as you
press the accelerator pedal.
3,4 and 5 (Third, Fourth and Fifth
Gears) - Shift into 3,4 and 5 the
same way you do for2.Slowly let up
on the clutch pedal as you press the
accelerator pedal.
To Stop -Let up on the accelerator
pedal and press the brake pedal. Just
before the vehicle stops, press the
clutch pedal and the brake pedal, and
shift to Neutral.
0
0
Neutral - Use this position when
you start or idle your engine.
R (Reverse) -To back up, press
down the clutch pedal and shift into
R.Let up on the clutch pedal slowly
while pressing the accelerator pedal.
This is your shift pattern. Here’s howto
operate your transmission:
1 (First Gear) - Press the clutch
pedal and shift into 1. Then, slowly
let up on the clutch pedal as you
press the accelerator pedal.
You can shift into 1 when you’re
going less than 20 mph (30 km/h). If
NOTICE:
you’ve come to a complete stop and
Shift to K (Reverse) only atter your
it’s hard to shift into 1, put the shift
vehicle is stopped. Shifting to
lever in Neutral and let up on the
R (Reverse) while your vehicl
clutch. Press the clutch pedal back
moving could darnage-pur
down. Then shift into 1.
* .,
.. :.:
transmission.
m~~
b~
,
.I
,.?
, LC.;
)I
96’
Also, use Reverse, along with the parking
brake, for parking your vehicle.
Features & Controls
0
0
0
2 (Second Gear)-Press the clutch
pedal as you let up on the accelerator
pedal and shiftinto 2. Then, slowly
let up on the clutch pedal as you
press the accelerator pedal.
3,4,Sand 6 (Third, Fourth, Fifth
and Sixth Gears)- Shift into 3,4,
5 and 6 the same way you do for 2.
Slowly let up on the clutch pedal as
you press the accelerator pedal.
To Stop -Let up on the accelerator
pedal and pressthe brake pedal. Just
before the vehicle stops, press the
clutch pedal and the brakepedal, and
shift to Neutral.
Neutral - Use this position when
you start or idle yourengine.
R (Reverse) - To back up, press
down the clutch pedal and shiftinto
R.Let up on the clutch pedal slowly
while pressing the accelerator pedal.
If you shift from 6 into R,the shift
lever must be first placed in the
Neutral position centered between 2
and 3 prior to shifting into R.
Your six-speed manual transmission has a
feature that allows you to safely shift into
R (Reverse) while the vehicle is rolling
(at less than 5 mph). You will be
“locked-out” if you try to shift into R
(Reverse) while your vehicle is moving
faster than 5 mph.
If you have turned your ignition off and
wish to park your vehicle in Reverse, you
will have to move the shift lever quickly
to the right, “crashing” through the high
load spring and then into gear.
shift speeds (MANUAL TRANSMISSION)
This chart shows when to shift to the next higher gear for best fuel economy.
, If you skip morethan one gear
,,
MANUAL TRANSMISSION RECOMMENDED SHIFT
SPEEDS, IN MPH (km/h)
-
Engine
I
3.4L L32
(Code S)
5.7L LT1
(Code P)
I
13-16
(21-25)
15
(24)
Acceleration Shift Speed
2 to 3
3 to 4
21 -28
(34-35)
25
(40)
32-37
-59)
40
(64)
to 5
4547
(72-75) (51
45
(72)
5 to 6 4
-‘L
when youdownshift, you could
lose control of your vehicle. And
you could injure yourself or others.
Don’t shift from 6 to 3, 5 to 2 or 4
I
I
N/A
50
(80)
NOTICE:
If you skip more than one gear
when you downshift, orif you race
the enginewhen you downshift, you
can damage the clutch or
transmission.
If your speed drops below 20 mph (30 km/h), or if the engine is not running smoothly,
you should downshift to the next lower gear. You may have to downshift two or more
gears to keep the engine running smoothly or for good performance.
-I
I
169..
I
Features & Controls
J
Limited-Slip Rear Axle
fl
If you have this feature, your rear axle
can give you additional traction on snow,
mud, ice, sand or gravel. It works like a
standard axle most of the time, but when
one of the rear wheels has no traction and
the other does, the limited-slip feature
will allow the wheel with traction to
move the vehicle.
Purking
Parking Brake
To release the parking brake: Hold the
brake pedal down. Pull the parking brake
The parking brake uses the brakeson the lever up until you can push in the release
rear wheels
button. Hold the release button in as you
To set the parking brake: Hold the brake move the brake lever all the waydown.
pedal down and pull up on the parking
brake lever. If the ignition is on, the brake
system warning light will come on.
Driving with the parking bra on
cause your rear brakes tc
overheat. You may have to replace
them, and youcould also da: ge
sther parts of your vehicl
-
Shifting intoP (Park)
(AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION)
If you are on a hill: See “Parking on
Hills” in the Index. That section shows
how to turn your front wheels.
If you are towing a trailer and are
parking on any hill: See “Towing a
Trailer” in the Index. That section shows
what to do first to keep the trailer from
moving.
-
It can IXaangerous to get out
of your vehicle if the shift lever
is not fully in P (Park) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your
vehicle can roll.
If you have left the engine running,
the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To
be sure your vehicle won’t move,
when you’re on fairly level ground,
use the steps that follow. If you are
parking on a hill, or if you’re
pulling a trailer, also see “Parking
on Hills” or “Towing a Trailer” in
the Index.
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your
right foot and set the parking brake.
2. Move the shift lever into P (Park)
position like this:
Hold in the button on the lever,
and push the lever all the way
toward the front of your vehicle.
3. Move the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you.
If you can walk away from your
vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in P (Park).
Features & Controls
.eaving Your Vehicle with the
rngine Running
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION)
Itcanbedangerous to leave
your vehicle with the engine
running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not
fully in P (Park) with the parking
brake firmly set. And,if you leave
the vehicle with the engine running,
it could overheat and even catch
fire. You or others could be injured.
Don’t leave your vehicle with the
engine running unless you have to.
A
,A
II
Shifting out of P (Park)
(AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION)
Your Chevrolet has a brake-transmission
shift interlock. You have to fully apply
set before you leave it. After you’ve
your regular brake before you can shift
moved the shift lever into theP (Park)
from P (Park) when the ignition is in
position, hold the regular brake pedal
the Run position. See “Automatic
down. Then, see if you can move the shift Transmission” in the Index.
lever away from P (Park) without first
pushing the button. If you can, it means
If you have to leave your vehicle with the
engine running, be sure your vehicle is in
P (Park) and your parking brake is firmly
that the shift lever wasn’t fully locked
into P (Park).
I
Parking Your Vehicle
If you cannot shift outof P (Park), ease
pressure on the shift lever-push the
shift lever all the way intoP (Park) and
also release the shift lever button
on
floor shift console modelsas you
maintain brake application. Then move
the shift lever into the gearyou wish.
(Press the shift lever button before
moving the shift lever.)
If you ever hold the brake pedal down but
still can’t shift out of P (Park), try this:
1. Turn the key to Off.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end
of Step 4.
3. Shift to N (Neutral).
4. Start the vehicle and then shift to the
drive gear you want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you
can.
(MANUAL TRANSMISSION)
Before you get out of your vehicle, put
your manual transmissionin R (Reverse)
and firmly apply the parking brake.
If you are parking ona hill, or if your
vehicle is equipped to tow a trailer, see
“Parking on Hills” or “Towing a Trailer”
in the Index.
Features & Controls
Engine Exhaust
Parking over Things That Burn
1
L/mu I
'I'hlngs that can burn could
I
.
\ touch hot exhaust parts under
your vehicle and ignite. Don't park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or
other things that can burn.
. . . 74
\
I V I V .
I
Engine exhaust cankill. It contains the gas carbon monoxide(CO),which
you can't see or smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
Your exhaust system sounds strange or different.
Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
0 Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
e Your vehicle was damaged when driving over high points on the road or over
road debris.
m Repairsweren't done correctly.
0 Your vehicle or exhaust system had been modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into your vehicle:
e Drive it only with all the windows down to blow out any CO; and
Have it fixed immediatelv.
~
~
*
Running Your Engine While You’re Parked (AUTOMATIC TRANsMIssIoN)
It’s better not to park with the engine running. But if you ever have to, here are some
things to know.
CAUTION:
1
u m g tne engme wltn tne alr system control OII coula allow aangerous
L exhaust into your vehicle (see the earlier Caution under “Engine Exhaust”).
Also, idling ina closed-in place can let deadly carbon monoxide(CO) into your
vehicle even if the fan switch is at the highest setting. One place this can happen
is a garage. Exhaust- with CO - can come in easily.NEVER park in a garage
with the engine running.
Another closed-in place canbe a blizzard. (See “Blizzard” in the Index.)
I
11 can oe udngeruus LO gel out 01 yuur veriiue 11 lhe sriill lever is riui rully in
L P (Park) with the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll. Don’t leave
your vehicle when the engine is running unless you haveto. If you’ve left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle won’t move, even when you’reon fairly level ground,
always set your parking brake and move the shift lever
to P (Park).
C you are parking on a hill, or if you’re pulling a trailer, also see “Parkingon Hills” or
Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
Windows
Manual Windows
Use the window crank to open and close
each door window.
Features & Controls
Horn
Power Windows (Option)
To sound the horn, press either horn
With power windows, switches on the
door control each window when the
ignition is on or when RAP is present.
(See “Retained Accessory Power” in
the Index.)
The switch for the driver’s window has an
Express Down feature. Quickly press and
release the switch for the driver’s window
and the window will lower completely.
You can also open this window any
amount by pressing the switch and
releasing it when the window has
lowered to the position you want.
symbol on your steering wheel.
. . . 76
Tilt Wheel
A tilt steering wheel allows you to adjust
;he steering wheel before you drive.
You can also raise it to the highest level to
give your legs more roomwhen you exit
md enter the vehicle.
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel
md pull the lever. Move the steering
wheel to a comfortable level, then release
he lever to lock the wheel in place.
9
c ;
,.“ .
C
,
irum Signal and Lane Change
The Turn
SignaUHeadlight Beam I:ndicator
’he turn signal has two upward (for
Lever
tight) and two downward (for Left)
The lever on the left side of the steering
column includes your:
0 Turn Signal and Lane Change
Indicator
0 Headlight Highbow Beamand
Passing Signal
0 WindshieldWipers
0 WindshieldWasher
0 CruiseControl (Option)
lositions. These positions allow you to
ignal a turn or a lane change.
b signal a turn. move the lever all the
vay up or down. When the turn is
inished, the lever will return
.utomatically.
A green arrow on the instrument panel
will flash in the direction of the turn or
lane change.
To signal a lane change, just raise or
lower the lever until the green arrow start:
to flash. Hold it there until you complete
your lane change. The lever will return by
itself when you release it.
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if
the arrows don’t flash but just stay on, a
signal bulb may be burned out and other
drivers won’t see your turn signal.
I f a bulb is burned out, replace it to help
avoid an accident. If the green arrows
don’t go on at all when you signal a turn,
check the fuse (see “Fuses” in the Index)
and for burned-out bulbs.
Features & Controls
. e*.
5
r
Headlight HighLow Beam
Windsmpers
To change the headlights from low beam
to high or high to low, pull the turn signal
lever all the way toward you. Then
release it. When the high beams are on,
this blue light on the instrument panel
also will be on.
You control the windshield wipers by
turning the band with the wiper symbol
on it.
For a single wiping cycle, turn the band to
MIST. Hold it there until the wipers start,
then let go. The wipers will stop after one
cycle. If you want more cycles, hold the
band on MIST longer.
You can set the wiper speed for a long or
short delay between wipes. This can be
very useful in light rain or snow. Turn the
band to choose the delay time. The closer
to LO, the shorter the delay.
99978
For steady wiping at low speed, turn the
band away from you to the LO position.
For high speed wiping, turn the band
further, to HI. To stop the wipers, move
the band to OFF.
Windshield Washer
Damaged
wiper
blades
may
1
prevent you from seeing well
enough to drive safely. To avoid
damage, be sure to clear ice and
snow from the wiper blades before
using them. If they're frozen to the
windshield, carefully loosen or thaw
them. If your blades do become
damaged, get new blades or blade
inserts.
Heavy snow or ice can overload your
wipers. A circuit breaker will stop them
until the motor cools. Clear away snow 0 1
ice to prevent an overload.
At the top of the turn signal lever there's
PUSH on it. To
spray washer fluid on the windshield,just '
push the paddle. The washer will continue
to spray until you release the paddle. The
wipers will clear the window and wipea
few more times before stopping or
returning to the previous setting.
I a paddlewiththeword
'
urlvmg wltnout wasner
fluid can be dangerous. A
bad mud splash can block your
vision. You could hit another
vehicle or go off the road.
Check your washer fluid level
often.
In freezing weather,don't use
your washer until the
windshield is warmed.
Otherwise the washer fluid can
form ice on the windshield,
blocking your vision.
L
79.
I
Features & Controls
II
washer fluid, follow the
manufacturer’? instructiopc fnr
adding water.
Don’t mix warGIwith
ready-to-use washer fluic..
Water can cause the solutinn tn
freeze and damage your
washer fluid tank and other
parts of the washer systen
Also, water doesn’t clean as
well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank
only 3/4 full when it’s ver
cold. This allows fo
expansion, which COUI(
damage the tank if it is
completely full.
Don’t use radiator anurreeze In
your windshield washer. It can
damage yolw wacher c v c t p m
and paint.
Cruise Control ( o p m v )
With Cruise Control, you can maintain a
speed of about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more
without keeping your foot on the
accelerator. This can really help on long
trips. Cruise Control does not work at
speeds below about 25 mph (40 km/h).
When you apply your brakes, or push the
clutch pedal, if you have a manual
transmission, the Cruise Control shuts off.
Cruise Control can be
dangerous where you
can’t drive safely at a steady
speed. So, don’t use your
Cruise Control on winding
roads or in heavy traffic.
CruiseControlcan be
dangerous on slippery roads.
On such roads, fast changes in
tire traction can cause needless
wheel spinning, and you could
lese control. h n ’ t use Cruise
1 L
*
I
- = - 8 O
%'
!m.I
To Set Cruise Control
1. Move the Cruise Control switch to
ON.
A
If you leave your Cruise
Control switch on when you're
not using Cruise, you might hit a
button and go into Cruise when you
don't want to. You could be startled
and even lose control. Keep the
Cruise Control switch OFF until
you want to use it.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
To Resume a Set Speed
3. Push in the set button at the end of the Suppose you set your Cruise Control at
lever and release it.
a desired speed and then youapply the
brake. This, of course, shuts off the
Cruise Control. But you don't need to
reset it. Once you're going about 25 mph
(40 km/h) or more, you can move the
Cruise Control switch from ON to
R/A (Resume/Accelerate) for about half
a second.
You'll go right back up to your chosen
speed and stay there.
Features & Controls
1
a faster until
the
will than
keepha'f
going
.,hiclelonger
you release the switch or apply the
brake. You could be startled and
even lose control. So unless you
want to go faster, don't hold the
switch at R/A.
.=982
11 There
are two ways to go to a higher
speed. Here's the first:
1. Use the accelerator pedal to get to the
higher speed.
2. Push the button at the end of the lever,
then release the button and the
accelerator pedal. You'll now cruise at
the higher speed.
Here's the second way to go to a higher
speed:
1. Move the Cruise switch from ON to
R/A. Hold it there until you get up to
the speed you want, and then release
the switch.
To increase your speed in very small
amounts, move the switch to R/A for
less than half a second and then
release it. Each time you do this,
your vehicle will go about 1 mph
(1.6 km/h) faster.
P
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
There are two ways to reduce your speed Use the accelerator pedal to increase your
speed. When you take your foot off the
while using cruise control:
pedal, your vehicle will slow down to the
1. Push in the button at the end of the
Cruise
Control speed you set earlier.
lever until you reach the lower speed
you want, then release it.
2. To slow down in very small amounts,
push the button for less than half a
second. Each time you do this, you’ll
go 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
To Reduce Speed While Using Cruise
Control
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your Cruise Control will work
on hills depends upon your speed, load,
and the steepness of the hills. When going
up steep hills, you may have to step on
the accelerator pedal to maintain your
speed. When going downhill, you may
have to brake or shift to a lower gear to
keep your speed down. Of course,
applying the brake takes you out of
Cruise Control. Many drivers find this to
be too much trouble and don’t use Cruise
Control on steep hills.
839
9
9
Features & Controls
Operation of Lights
I
I'o Get Out of Cruise Control
There are several ways toturn off the
Cruise Control:.
1. Step lightly on the brake pedal or push
the clutch pedal, if you have a manual
transmission: OR
I
2. Move the Cruise switch to OFF.
Although your vehicle's lighting system
(headlights, parking lights, fog lamps,
side marker lights and taillights) meet all
To Erase Speed Memory
applicable
federal lighting requirements,
When you turn offthe Cruise Control or
the ignition, your Cruise Control set speed certain states and provinces may apply
their own lighting regulations that may
memory is erased.
require special attention before you
operate these lights. For example, some
jurisdictions may require that you operate
your lower beam lights withfog lamps at
all times, or that headlights be turnedon
whenever you must use your windshield
wipers. In addition, most jurisdictions
prohibit driving solely with parking
lights, especially at dawnor dusk. It is
recommended that you check with your
own state or provincial highway authority
for applicable lighting regulations.
. .....
Main Light Control
The main light control is a knob that
works these lights:
0 Headlights
0 Taillights
Parkinglights
0 Licenselights
0 Sidemarker lights
Instrumentpanellights
Turn the knob to
to turn on your
headlights and other operating lights.
Turn the knob to pf to turn on your
parking lights without your headlights,
Turn the knob to OFF to turn off the
lights.
SF-
Brightness Control
This switch controls the brightness of
your instrument panel lights. Turn the
switch to brightenor dim the lights. If you
,
turn the switch all the way up to
your courtesy lights will come on.
dv
Lights On Reminder
If you turn the ignition Off and leave the
lights on, you will hear a tone when you
open the driver’s door.
Daytime Running Lights (Canada)
The Canadian Federal Government has
decided that “Daytime Running Lights”
(DRL) are a useful feature, in that DRL
can make your vehicle more visible to
pedestrians and other drivers during
daylight hours. DRL are required on new
vehicles sold in Canada.
Your DRL work with a light sensor on top
of the instrument panel. Don’tcover it up.
The front turn signal lights will come on
in daylight when:
0 The ignition ison
The headlight switch is off, and
The parking brake is released.
Features & Controls
I
Interior Lights
At dusk, the exterior lights willcome on
automatically and the front turn signal
lights will go out.At dawn, the exterior
lights will go out and the front turn signal
lights will come on (if the headlight
switch is off).
Of course, you may still turn on the
headlights any timeyou need to.
To idle your vehicle with the DRL off, set
the parking brake while the ignition isin
the Off or LOCK position. Then startthe
vehicle. The DRL will stay off until you
release the parking brake.
Fog Lights (Option)
Use your fog lights for better vision in
foggy or misty conditions. Your parking
lights must be onor your fog lights won't
work.
To turn the fog lights on, push the switch
abovego. Push the bottom of the
switch to turn the fog lights off. A light
on the switch will comeon when the fog
lights are on.
Fog lights will go off whenever your high
beams come on. When the high beamsgo
off, the fog lights will come onagain.
Courtesy Lights
When any door is opened, several interior
lights go on. These lights are courtesy
lights. They make it easier for you to
mter and leave your vehicle.
Courtesy lights include the dome light
md other lights throughout the interior of
your vehicle.
I
. ...
...
.
. , ...
Mirrors
Front Map Lights
Inside Day/Night Rearview Mirror
Your inside rearview mirror includes two An inside rearview mirror is attached to
map lights. Each light has its own switch. your windshield, The mirror has pivots so
Use the switch closest to the light to turn 1that you can adjust it up and down or side
it on. The lights will also go on when a
I 'to side.
door is opened.
You can adjust the mirror for day or night
driving. Pull the tab for night driving to
reduce glare. Push the tab for daytime
driving.
Manual Adjust Mirror
Adjust the passenger side outside mirroryou
byhand so that youcan just seethe side
of yourvehiclewhenyou are sitting in a
comfortable driving position.
Convex Outside Mirror
Your right side mirror is convex.
A convex mirror's surface is curvec so
you can see more from the driver's seat,
If you aren't used to a convex
mirror, you can hit another
vehicle. A convex mirror can make
things (like other vehicles) look
farther away than they really are. If
cut toosharplyintotheright
lane, youcould hit a vehicle on your
right. Checkyourinsidemirror or
glance over
your
shoulder before
changing lanes.
L
I
87.9-
Features & Controls
t
Manual Remote Control Mirror
Electric Mirror Control (Option)
Adjust the driver side outside mirror with
the lever on the door. Adjust the mirrorso
that you can just see the side of your
vehicle when you are sitting in a
comfortable driving position.
The electric mirror control is on the
driver’s door. To adjust either mirror, turn
the switch to LEFT or RIGHT. Then use
the joystick to adjust the mirror.
The control only works when the ignition
switch is in Run or Acc, or when RAP is
present. (See “Retained Accessory
Power” in the Index.)
Twin Lift-OffRoof
Panels (oPnoN)
f you have this option, you can remove
me or both lift-off roof panels.
CAUTION:
I
Don’t try to remove the T-top
panels while the vehicleis
moving. Trying to remove a T-top
panel while the vehicle is moving
could cause an accident. The panel
could fall into the vehicleand cause
you to lose control,or it could fly
off and strike another vehicle. You
or others could be injured. Remove
a T-top panel only when the vehicle
is parked.
1
. .-
The door key unlocks the panels. Turn the Then pull on the release handle to unlatch
the panel. Lift the outer edge of the panel
key to the left to unlock the panel.
and pull it toward you.
If a '1-top panel is not stored
properly, it could be thrown
sudden maneuver. People in the
vehicle could be injured. Whenever
you store a T-top panel in the
vehicle. always be sure that it is
stored securely in the correct storage
slot with the T-top handle closed.
Open the close-out panel completely.
Place the panel in the correct slot
(DRIVER or PASSENGER) in the
rear area of your vehicle. Make sure the
handle is open and facing you when you
put it in the storage slot.
Features & Controls
I
Push the handle closed to secure the panel When installing panels, be sure to align
in the slot.To lock each panel in the
weatherstrips properly. Panels incorrectly
storage area, use your door key.
installed may leak.
An improperly 111sw1eal-rop
carwashesmaycause
High
pressure
water
to enter your vehicle. Neve]
spray water directly at the roof
panel joints. This will cause leaks
L panelmayfallinto
or fly off
me vehicle. You or others couldbe
injured. After installing a T-top
panel, alwayscheck that it is firmly
attached by pushing up on the
underside of the panel.
Reverse the steps above to install the
T-top panels.
... 90
I
T-Top Sunshades
1
1. Start with the panel markedDRIVER
FRONT. Unlatch the driver-side
T-top, raise it halfway and close the
latch handle.
2. With the top raised and restingon the
center roof rail, slide the flat edge
of
the sunshade panel (with the vinyl
side to the glass) between the glass
and plastic trim, making sure the edge
marked DRIVER FRONT is pointing
to the frontof the vehicle.
You can store the sunshades in their
4. Once the sunshade is installed
storage area in the rear of your vehicle.
properly, you can stick the Velcro@
You can also leave them attached to the
buttons on the glass fora proper fit
showing. Unlatch the T-top and adjust
every time you install the sunshades. T-tops. The T-tops can still be removed
the sunshade as required.
To do this,first remove the T-top with and placed in their storage slots when the
sunshades are attached.
the sunshade installed and placeit
upside downon a table or bench. Take
care not to scratch the glass.
5. Pull the sunshade backa little and
remove the backing paperfrom the
Velcro@buttons. Push the sunshade
back into place sticking theVelcro@
to the glass,
6. Install the T-top, close the latch and
lock the T-top, Repeat the above steps
for the passenger-side sunshade.
3. Open the latch and close the T-top.
Check tosee if there are any gaps
91
=-
Features & Controls
Storage and
Compartments
Glove Box
To open the glove box, lift up on the
lever. Use your door key to lock and
unlock it. The glove box has a light
inside.
Map Pocket
Each door has a map pocket.
Front Console
To use the storage area, pull up on the
front end of the console. There is a
cupholder and light and may be a
coinholder in the console,
.
Cassette and Compact Disc Storage
If you have a compact disc player, you
Close-Out Panel
will
have
a
storage
area
for
compact
discs
You have a storage area for cassette tapes.
The close-out panel can be closed for
in your console.
hidden storage in the rear area of your
vehicle.
To remove the close-out panel:
1. Close the panel. If the close-out panel
is not closed and resting on the trim
panel, it cannot be removed.
2. Pull the panel toward you to unsnap it.
Then slide the close-out panel along
the groove in the trim panel.
Reverse the steps to install the panel.
Features & Contr
I
u
Sun Visors
When carrying large or heavy items, it is
a good idea to open the panel and place
the items in the rear area.
I
I
A
An improperly stored close-out
panel could be thrown about
the vehicle during a collision or
sudden maneuver. You or others
could be injured. If you remove the
cover, don’t store it in your vehicle.
When you put it back, always be
sure that it is securely attached with
both sides snapped in place.
,
I
Ashtray and Lighter
To block out glare, you can swing down
Front Ashtray
the visors. You can also swing them to the Lift up the cover to open the ashtray.To
side.
remove it, lift up on the right side of
the ashtray. If you have an automatic
Covered Visor Vanity Mirror
transmission, the ashtray is near the front
Pull down the sun visor and lift the cover of your console. If you have a manual
to expose the vanity mirror.
transmission, the ashtray is near your
cupholder.
Don’t put papers and 0th
t It burnintoyourashtrc
If you
cigarettes or othersrr-- - k gIgS
naterials cot setthem on
:awing dam, :.
I
I
Floor Mats
Cigarette Lighter
To use the lighter, push it in all the way
and let go. When it’s ready, it will pop
jack by itself.
f
Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with
your hand while it is heating. If you
lo, it won’t be able to back away
rom the heating element when it’!
ready. That can make it overheat,
naging the lighter and the heating
.lement.
I
Your Chevrolet’s floor mats are
custom-fitted to the foot wells. Be sure
the driver’s floor mat is in place. If it
isn’t, it could interfere with the
accelerator or brake pedals.
Features & Controls
Instrument Panel
1. Upper Air Vent
2. MainLight Control
3. Side Upper Air Vent
4. Instrument Cluster
5. Comfort Controls
6. Audio System
7. Side Window Defogger Vent
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Glove Box
RemoteHatchRelease
Cassette Tape Storage
ShiftLever
ParkingBrakeLever
Cupholder
Storage Console and Compact Disc
Storage (if equipped)
15. Cigarette Lighter
(Manual Transmission)
16. Ashtray and Coinholder with Mat
17.
18.
19.
20.
(Automatic Transmission)
Cigarette Lighter
Horn
Rear Window Defogger Switch
Fog Lamp Switch (if equipped)
97.9-
Features & Controls
Instrument Panel and
Cluster
Your instrument cluster is designed to let
you know at a glance how your vehicle is
running. You’ll know how fast you’re
going, about how much fuel you have
left and many other things you’ll need to
know to drive safely and economically.
... 98
U.S. shown, Canada similar
Speedometer and Odometer
Your speedometer lets you see your
speed in both miles per hour (mph)
and kilometers per hour (km/h). Your
odometer shows how Far your vehicle has
been driven, in either miles (used in the
U.S.) or kilometers (used in Canada).
Your Chevrolet’s odometer is
tamper-resistant. If you can see silver
lines between the numbers, probably
someone has tried to turn it back. The
numbers may not be true.
You may wonder what happens if your
Chevrolet needs a new odometer
installed. If possible, the new one has to
be set to the same reading the old one
had. If i t can’t be, then it’s set at zero, but
a label on the driver’s door must show the
old reading and when the new one was
installed.
Trip Odometer
The trip odometer can tell you how far
your vehicle has been driven since you
last set the trip odometer to zero.
To set the trip odometer to zero, pressthe
knob.
Tachometer
The tachometer displays the engine speed
in thousands of revolutions per minute
(rpm).
NOTICE:
Do not operate the engine with thtachometer in the red :are:* n r e n
damage may occur.
~
~
Warning Lights, Gages
and Zndicators
working. If you are familiar with this
you should not be alarmed when
section,
This section describes the warning lights
this happens.
and gages that are on your vehicle. The
pictures will help you locate them.
Gages can indicate when there may be or
is a problem with one of your vehicle’s
Warning lights and gages can signal that
functions. Often gages and warning lights
something is wrong before it becomes
work together to let you know when
serious enough to cause an expensive
repair or replacement. Paying attention to there’s a problem with your vehicle.
your warning lights and gages could also When one of the warning lights comes on
save you or others from injury.
and stays on when you are driving. or
when one of the gages shows there may
Warning lights go on when there may be
or is a problem with one of your vehicle’s be a problem, check the section that tells
you what to do about it. Please follow the
functions. As you will see i n the details
manual’s advice. Waiting to do repairs
on the next few pages, some warning
can be costly - and even dangerous. So
lights come on briefly when you turn the
please
get to know your warning lights
ignition key just to let you know they‘re
and gages. They‘re a big help.
Features & Controls
Fuel Gage
Your fuel page shows about how much
fuel is i n your tank. The fuel gage works
only when the ignition switch is in the
Run position. When the gage pointer first
indicates E, you still have a little fuel left
(about one to two gallons), but you need
to get more right away.
Here are four concerns some owners
have had about the fuel gage. All these
situations are normal and do not indicate
that anything is wrong with the fuel gage.
e At the gas station, the gas pump shuts
off before the gage readsF.
e It takes more (or less) gas to fill up
than the gage reads. For example, the
gage reads 1/2 full, but it took more
(or less) than half of the tank's
capacity to fill it.
0 The gage moves a little when you
turn, stop or speed up.
0 When you turn the engine off, the
gage doesn't go back to
E.
c
. . . 100
Brake System Warning Light
Your Chevrolet's hydraulic brake system
is divided into two parts.If one part isn't
working, the other part can still work and
stop you. For good braking, though, you
need both parts working well.
If the warning light goes on, there could
be a brake problem. Have your brake
system inspected right away.
This light should come on as you start the
vehicle. If it doesn't come on then, haveit
fixed so it will be ready to warn you if
there's a problem.
I
I
CAUTION:
This light will also come on when you set
Your brake system may not be
your parking brake, and will stay on if
working
properly if the brake
your parking brake doesn’t release fully.
warning light is on. Driving with the
If it stays on after your parking brake is
brake
warning light on can lead to
fully released, it means you have a brake
an accident. If the light is still on
problem.
after you’ve pulled off the road and
If the light comes on while driving, pull
stopped carefully, have the vehicle
off the road and stop carefully. You may
towed for service.
notice that the pedal is harder to push. Or,
I
the pedal may go closer to the floor. It
may take longer to stop. If the light is still
on, have the vehicle towed for service.
(See “Towing Your Vehicle” in the
Index.)
____~
\
II Anti-Lock Brake System Warning
Light
With anti-lock, this light will go on when
you start your engine and it will stay on
for three seconds. If the light doesn‘t
come on, have it fixed so it will be ready
to warn you if there is a problem.
101
Features 8t Controls
f
If the light stays on or comes on when
you’re driving, stop as soon as possible
and turn the key off. Then start the engine
to reset the system. If the light still stays
on, or comes on again while you’re
driving, your Chevrolet needs service.
Unless the regular brake system warning
light is also on, you will still have brakes,
but not anti-lock brakes. If the regular
brake system warning light is also on, see
“Brake System Warning Light” earlier in
this part.
I
I
When your anti-lock system is working,
the message LOW TRAC will appear on
your instrument cluster. This means that
slippery road conditions may exist. Adjust
your driving accordingly. The light will
stay on for about four secondsafter the
ABS stops working. The LOW TRAC
light also comes on during engine starting
as a bulb check.
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
This gage shows the engine coolant
temperature. If the gage pointer moves
into the red area, your engine is too hot!
It means that your engine coolant has
overheated. If you have been operating
your vehicle under normal driving
conditions, you should pull off the road,
stop your vehicle and turn off the engine
as soon as possible.
HOT COOLANT CAN BURN YOU
BADLY!
In ”Problerns on the Road,” this manual
shows what to do. See “Engine
Overheating” in the Index.
.
’ 102
Voltmeter
You can read battery voltage on your
voltmeter. If it reads less than 1 I volts or
more than 16 volts while your engine is
running, and it stays there, you may have
a problem with the electrical charging
system. Have it checked right away.
Driving with the voltmeter reading in a
warning zone could drain your battery.
If you idle your engine fora while, the
voltmeter reading might move into the
yellow zone. If the reading stays in the
yellow zone while you are driving, you
may have a problem with the electrical
charging system. Have it checked. While
the voltmeter reads in the yellow zone,
your battery may not be able to power
certain electrical accessories, like ABS.
(If this happens, your ABS INOP light
will come on, See "Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light" in this part.)
It' you must drive a short distance with the
voltmeter reading in a warning zone. turn
off all your accessories, including your
comfort control and audio systems.
Malfunction Ind-kator Lamp
(Service Engine Soon Light)
A computer monitors operationof your
fuel, ignition and emission control
systems. This light should come on when
the ignition is on, but the engine is not
running, as a check to show you il is
working. If it does not come on at all,
have it fixed right away. I f it stays on, or
it comes on while you are driving, the
computer is indicating that you have a
problem. You should take your vehicle in
for service soon.
Features & Controls
It you keep driving your vehicle
with this fight on, after a while
emission controls won’t work
well, your fuel economy won’t be
good and your engine may not rul
as smoothly. This could lead tc
costly repairs not covered by y
warranty.
. . . 104
Engine Oil Pressure Gage
This gage tells you if there could be a
problem with your engine oil pressure.
The engine oil pressure gage shows the
engine oil pressure in psi (pounds per
square inch) i n the U.S., or kPa
(kilopascals) in Canada, when the engine
is running. Oil pressure should be 20 to
80 psi (140 to 550 kPa). It may vary with
engine speed, outside temperature and
oil viscosity, but readings above the red
area show the normal operating range.
Readings in the red area tell you that the
engine is low on oil, or that you might
have some other oil problem. See “Engine
Oil” in the Index.
Don’t keep driving if the oil
h pressure is low. If you do, your
I
I
cllgine can become so hot that it
catches fire. You or others could be
burned. Check your oil as soon as
possible and have your vehicle
serviced.
NOTICE:
3
your
‘
I
Damage
engine from
neglected oil problems can be costl)
Check Gages Light
This light will come on briefly when you
are starting the engine. If the light comes
on and stays on while you are driving.
check your gages to see if they are in the
warning areas.
Low Oil Light
This light should come on while you are
starting your engine. If the light doesn’t
come on. have it repaired. If the light
comes on while starting your engine and
stays on. your engine o i l level may be too
low. You may need to add oil. See the
Index under “Engine Oil.“
Low Coolant Light (V8 Engine)
This light should come on while you are
starting your engine. If the light doesn’t
come on, have it repaired. The light also
comes on when the coolant in your
radiator is low. You may need to add
coolant. See the Index under “Engine
Coolant.“
. .
Drtvlng w i l t
uw v v
I’
light on could cause your Chevrolet tc
overheat. See “Engine Overheating”
in the Index. Your Chevrolet could be
damaged, and it wouldn’t be covered
by your warranty.
Lllr
wwvuIIA
Notes
Notes
Notes
9
108
3
Part
Comfort Controls & Audio Systems
. . . . .*
L
I n this part you'll find out how to Comfort Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Heater Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
operate the comfort control
111
Heating .........................................................
systems and audio systems
Bi-LevelHeating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
offered with your Chevrolet. Be
Ventilation ...................................................... 112
Defogging and Defrosting Windows .................................. 112
sure to read about the particular
Air
Conditioner Controls ........................................... 112
system supplied withyour vehicle.
Cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Rear Window Defogger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Flow-Through Ventilation System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Audiosystems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Settingtheclock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
AM/FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Delco/Bose AM/FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player.................... 121
Understanding Radio Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Care of Your Compact Discs ........................................
129
FixedMastAntenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
Comfort Controls & Audio Systems
Comfort Controls
With this system, you can control the
Heater Controls
* E / : Air is directed through the upper
air
vents and the heater ducts.
: This setting directs most
of the air
through the heater ducts and some of the
Temperature Control Knob
air through the windshield defroster vents.
9 : Air is directed through the
Turn the knob to change the temperature *A
of the air flowingfrom the heating
windshield defroster vents and the heater
system. Turn it to the right for warmer airducts.
and to the left for cooler air. The
:This setting directs most of the air
temperature of the air can not beless than through the windshield defroster vents
the temperatureof the outside air.
and some of theair through the heater
ducts.
Air Control Knob
OFF: The system is off.
j;l : Air flows through the upper air
vents.
Fan Control Knob
1heating and ventilation in your Chevrolet. % : Turn this knob to select the force of
1[f you have the air conditioning option,
air you want.
you can also control cooling.
Your vehicle also has the flow-through
ventilation system described later in this
aection.
7
4
.110
Bi-level Heating
Heating
The heater works bestif you keep your
windows closed while using it.
1. Turnthe air controlknobto
.
2. Turn the fan control knob to the right.
3. Turn the temperature control knob to a
comfortable setting.
I
During initial start-up only,if your
vehicle is equipped with an optional
engine block heater,you can use it in cold
weather (around +20°F/-8 “C or lower) to
heat the passenger area better than
without it. Because an engine block heater
warms the engine coolant, your vehicle’s
heating system can more efficiently
provide heat for the passenger areaof
your vehicle. See “Engine Block Heater”
in the Index.
You may want to use bi-level heating on
cool, but sunny days. This setting directs
cool air toward your body and warmer air
toward your feet.
1. Turn the air control knob to *2.
2. Turn the temperature control knob to
a comfortable setting.
3. Turn the fan control knob to the right.
111
.
Comfort Controls & Audio Systems
Ventilation
Defogging and Defrosting
Windows
For mild outside temperatures when little
heating or cooling is needed, you can still 1. Turn the air control knob to
.
direct outside air through your vehicle.
2. Turn the temperature control knob all
1. Turn the air control knob to r/ ,
the way to the right.
2. Turn the temperature control knob to a 3. Turn the fan control knob to the right.
comfortable setting.
3. Turn the fan control knob to the right.
9
Air Conditioner Controls(OPTION)
The air conditioning system uses the same
controls as the heating system, except that
the air control knob has two extra
settings, described below. For an
explanation of all the controls, see
“Heater Controls” earlier in this part.
Cooling
MAX: Provides maximum cooling or
quick cool-down on very hot days. This
setting recirculates most of the air inside
your vehicle. If it is used for long periods
of time, the air may become dry. This
setting directs air through the upper air
vents.
A/C: Use for normal cooling on hot days.
This setting cools outside air and directs it
through the upper air vents.
The air conditioner compressor operates
in MAX, A/C and in 9 , and
when the outside temperature is above
freezing. When the air conditioner is on,
you may sometimes notice slight changes
in your vehicle’s engine speed and power.
rhis is normal because the system is
designed to cycle the compressor on and
Dff to keep the desired cooling and help
fuel economy.
t2 9
The air conditioner works best if you keep
your windows closed. On very hot days,
open the windows just long enough for
the hot air to escape.
1. Turn the air control knob to A/C for
normal cooling. For faster cooling
move the knob to MAX.
2. Turn the temperature control knob to
a comfortable setting.
3. Turn the fan control knob to the right.
Comfort Controls & Audio Systems
(OPTION)
System
Do not attach anything like a temporary
vehicle license ora decal across the
The rear window defogger uses a
warming grid to remove fog from the rear defogger grid on therear window.
window.
Press the right side of the switchto turn
on the defogger. An indicator light will
come on to remind you that the defogger lsomething else sharp on the inside
is on. The defogger will turn off
of the rear window. ^If you do, you
automatically after about ten minutes of
could
cut
or damage
the
grid, and
therepairs
wouldn't
be warming
use. If you turn it on again, the defogger
will operate for about five minutes only.
You can also turn the defogger off by
pressing the left side of the switch.
Your Chevrolet's flow-through ventilation
system supplies outside air into the
vehicle when it is moving. Outside air
will also enter the vehicle when the heater
or the air conditioning fan is running.
I
Audio Systems
Ventilation Tips
Keep the hood and front air inlet free
of ice, snow, or any other obstruction
(such as leaves). The heater and
defroster will work far better, reducing
the chance of fogging the inside of
your windows.
When you enter a vehicle in cold
weather, turn the fan control knob to
the right for a few moments before
driving off. This helps clear the intake
ducts of snow and moisture, and
reduces the chance of fogging the
inside of your windows.
D
Keep the air path under the front seats
clear of objects. This helps air to
circulate throughout your vehicle.
Your Delco@audio system has been
designed to operate easily and give years
of listening pleasure. But you will get the
most enjoyment outof it if you acquaint
yourself with it first. Find out what your
Delco@system can do and how to operate
all its controls, to be sure you’re getting
the most out of the advanced engineering
that went into it.
Comfort Controls & Audio Systems
I
noise
undetectable
is almost
until it is too late. Your hearing can
adapt to highervolumes of sound.sureyoucanaddwhatyouwant.If
youcan,it’sveryimportant
to do it
Sound that Seems normal can be
properly. Added sound equipment
Ioud and harmful to your hearing.
may interfere with the operation of
Take precautions by adjusting the
your vehicle’s engine, Delco@ radio
volume control on your radio to a
or other systems, and even damage
safe sound level before your hearing
them. And, your vehicle’s systems
adapts to it.
may interfere with the operation of
To help
avoid
hearing
loss or
sound equipment that has been
damage:
added improperly.
a Adjust the volume control to
So, before adding sound
the lowest setting.
equipment, check with your d er
I, Increase volume slowly until
and
you hear comfortably
clearly.
31
1116
Setting
Clock
AM/FM Stereo with Cassette Tape
Player
1. Press SET.
2. Within five seconds, press and hold
SEEK until thecorrecthour
appears.
3. Press and hold SEEK A until the
correct minute appears.
Delco/Bose AM/FM Stereo with
Compact Disc Player
1. Press SET.
2. Within five seconds, press and hold
SEEK 4 until the correct hour
3. Pressandhold SEEK until the
correct minute appears.
AMIFM Stereo with Cassette
Tape Player
To Play the Radio
Tune
Turn the lower knob to choose radio
stations.
Turn the upper knob to turn the system on
or off.
Recall
Press the upper knob to recall the station
Volume
being played or the clock display.
Turn the upper knob to adjust the volume.
Seek
AM-FM
Press SEEK v or A and the radio will
Press the lower knob to get AM or FM.
tune to the next lower or higher station
The lighted display shows your selection. and stay there.
Scan
The scan function uses the same two
buttons as the seek function.
To go to the next higher station and stay
there for a few seconds, press and hold
SEEK A and then press SEEK v for an
instant.
To go to the next lower station and stay
there for a few seconds, press and hold
SEEK and then press SEEK A for an
instant.
To stop the scan function, press either
SEEK A or
v
v.
Comfort Controls & Audio Systems
Pushbuttons
The four pushbuttons let you return to
your favorite stations. You can preset up
to 14 stations (7 AM and 7 FM).
To set the pushbuttons for up to eight
stations (four AM and four FM), just:
1. Tune in the station.
2. Press SET. (“SET” will appear on the
display for about five seconds.)
3. Within five seconds, press one of the
four pushbuttons. Whenever you press
that button, the preset station will
return.
Repeat these steps for each pushbutton.
You can preset three more stations on
each band by pressing a pair of buttons
next to each other at the same time. Just:
1. Tune in the station.
2. Press SET. (“SET” will appear on the
display for about five seconds.)
3. Within five seconds, press two
pushbuttons next to eachother at the
same time. Whenever you press that
pair of buttons, the preset station will
return.
Repeat these steps for each pair of
pushbuttons.
Setting the Tone
Bass: Slide the BASS lever up to hear
more bass,
Treble: Slide the TREB lever up to hear
more treble.
If a station is weak and noisy, move
TREB down to reduce the noise.
I
I
To Play a Cassette Tape
Adjusting the Speakers
Balance: Turn the balance control behind Your tape player is built to work best with Press 4 or torapidlyrewind or
advance the tape. Press STOP-EJECT
tapes that are 30 to 45 minutes long on
the upper knob to move the sound
to stop the tape.
between the right and left speakers if you each side. Tapes longer than thatare so
do not have the Delco/Bose system. With thin they may not work well in this player.
the Delco/Bose system, Your speakers are
electronically balanced.
Fade: Turn the fade control behind the
lower knob to movethe sound between
the front and rearspeakers.
The longer side with the tape visible goes
in first. If you hear nothing or hear just a
garbled sound, it may not be in squarely.
Press STOP-EJECT to remove the tape
and start over.
Once the tape is playing, use the upper
and lower knobsfor volume and balance,
just as you do for radio. Thearrows show
which side of the tape is playing.
119
Comfort Controls & Audio Systems
Automatic Program Search
When you push APS you can go to the
beginning of a new selection.
0 To go forward to the beginning of the
next selection, press .
To go back to the beginning of the
current selection press 4 . Push 4
again to go to the beginningof the
previous selection.
... 120
Program
Press the upper knob on your system to
switch from one side of the tape to the
other.
Your cassette tape player can play
continuously because the player hasan
auto-reverse feature.
Eject
Press STOP-EJECT to remove the tape
or stop the tape and switch to the radio.
Cr02 (Delco/Bose System)
The Cr02 button lets you set the system
for the type of cassette being used. If you
are using chrome or metal tapes, push
Cr02 in. If you are using standard tapes,
make sure CrO2 is out.
Noise Reduction (Delco/Bose System)
Your sound system has the Dolby@
automatic noise reduction feature.
Dolby@ Noise Reductionis manufactured
under license from Dolby Laboratories
Licensing Corporation. Dolby and the
double-D symbol are trademarks of
Dolby Laboratories Licensing
Corporation.
Pushbuttons
Deico/Bose AM/FM Stereo with
The five pushbuttons let you return to
your favorite stations. To set the
Tune
Compact Disc Player
pushbuttons for up to 15 stations ( 5 AM,
Turn the lower knob to choose radio
5 FMI and 5 FM2), just:
To Play the Radio
stations.
1. Press the lower knob to choose AM,
Turn the upper knob to turn the system on
Seek
FM 1 or FM2.
oi off.
2. Tune in the station.
Press SEEK 4 or to go to the next
Volume
lower or higher station and stay there
3. Press SET. (“SET” will appear on the
Turn the upper knob to ad-just the volume.
display for about five seconds.)
Scan
4. Within five seconds, press one of the
AM-FM
Press SCAN to hear each station for a few
pushbuttons. Whenever you press that
seconds. When you want to stop
Press the lower knob to get AM. FMI or
button, the preset station will return.
scanning. press SCAN again or the upper
FM2.
Repeat these steps for each pushbutton.
knob.
121
Comfort Controls & Audio Systems
Setting theTone
Bass: Press BASS A or BASS
Fade: Turn the fade control behind the
to hear
more or less bass.
Treble: Press TREB A or TREB to
hear more or less treble.
For the clearest sound, keep both of these
adjusted all the way up. If a station is
weak and noisy, press TREB v to reduce
the noise.
v
lower knob to move the sound between
the front and rear speakers.
I’o Play a Compact Disc
Before you begin, please note: don’t use
:he mini-discs thatare called “singles.”
rhey won’t eject. Use full-size compact
jiscs.
With the audio system on, insert a disc
into
the slot with the label side up. “CD”
Adjusting the Speakers
will appear on the display and track 1 will
Balance: Turn the balance control behind begin to play.
the upper knob to move the sound
between the right and left speakers.
... 122
If the disc comes back out and
“ERR” appears on the display,it could be
that:
The disc is upside down.
It is dirty, scratched,or wet.
There’s too much moisture in the
air.
You are driving on a very rough
road.
The temperature is too hot or too
cold.
Recall
Press RCL to see what track is playing.
Press it again within five seconds to see
how long it has been playing.
The track number also appears when the
disc is inserted.
To Play the Next Selection
Press NEXT to hear the next track now
(instead of waiting until the present track
is finished).
If you press and hold this button or press
it more than once, the disc will advance
further.
To Replay the Current Selection
Press PREV to hear a track again.
If you press and hold this button, or press
it more than once, the disc will return to
previous tracks.
Reverse
Press and hold REV to rapidly return to a
favorite passage. Release it to play the
passage.
Fast Forward
Press and hold FWD to quickly advance
within a track. Release it to resume
playing.
Scan
Press SCAN to listen to each track for
about 10 seconds. Press RDM or SCAN
to stop the scanning.
Compression
Press COMP to make loud and soft
passages more nearly equal in volume.
Random
Press RDM to hear a random selection of
tracks.
Comfort Controls & Audio Systems
To Stop the Disc Player
Setting Your Security Code
Theft-Deterrent Feature
0 Turn the power offor turn the ignition
Delco-Loc I1 is a security feature for the The instructions below tellyou how to
enter a security code into the system. If
key off. The disc stays in the player
compact disc player. It can be used or
and will resume playingat the point
ignored. If ignored, the system functions your vehicle loses battery powerfor any
where it stopped.
normally. If it is used, your system won’t reason, you must enter the security code
be usable if it’s ever stolen.
again before the systemwill turn on.
0 Press ST-PL to stop playing the disc
and switch to radio. PressST-PL to
1. Write down any six digit number and
restart the disc at the point where it
keep it in a safe place.
stopped.
2. Turn the ignition switch to the Acc
Press EJCT to eject thedisc and the
or Run position.
radio will play. The disc will start
3. Turn the audio system off.
playing at track 1 when you reinsert it.
4. Press and hold 1 and 4 together until
“---” shows on the display.
I
.
9
124
You are now ready to enter your security
code. Don’t wait more than 15 seconds
between steps.
5. Press SET and “000” will appear on
the display.
6. Press SCAN and hold until the first
digit of your code appears. Release
the button.
7. Press SEEK 4 or b and hold until
the second and thirddigits of your
code appear. Release the button.
8. Press the lower knob and “000’ will
appear. Now you are ready to enter
the last three digits of your code.
9. Press SCAN and hold until the
fourth digit of your code appears.
Release the button.
10. Press SEEK 4 or b and hold until
the fifth and sixth digits of your code
appear. Release the button.
11. Press the lower knob. “rEP’ will
appear for five seconds, and then
“000” will appear.
12. Repeat steps 6 through 11. “SEC”
will appear. This means that your
audio system is secured.
Shutting Off the Theft-Deterrent
Feature
If your audio system is secured (“SEC”
shows on display) and you wish to disable
it, enter your security code as follows,
pausing no more than 15 seconds between
steps:
1. Turn the ignition on. Make sure the
audio system is off. The time will
show on the display.
2. Press 1 and 4 together for five
seconds. “SEC” will show on the
display.
3. Press SET. “000” will appear on the
display.
Comfort Controls& Audio Systems
4. Press SCAN and hold until the first
digit of your code appears. Release the
button.
5. Press SEEK 4 or b and hold until the
second and third digits appear.
Release the button.
6. Press the lower knob.“000” will
appear on the display.
7. Press SCAN and hold until the fourth
digit of your security code appears.
Release the button.
m
m
.
126
8. Press SEEK 4 or b and hold until the Unlocking the Audio System after a
Power Failure
fifth and sixth digits of your code
appear. Release the button.
9. Press the lower knob. If ”---” shows,
you have shut off the theft-deterrent
feature. If “SEC” shows, your audio
system is still secured.
NOTE: If you lose or forget your security
code. see your dealer for assistance.
If power is disrupted to the audio system
while in the “SEC” mode, the unit will
not work and “LOC” will show on the
display whenever the ignition is on. To
unlock the unit:
1. Press SET. “000” will appear on the
display.
2. Press SCAN and hold until the first
digit of your code appears. Release the
button.
3. Press SEEK 4 or b and hold until the
second and third digits appear.
Release the button.
Understanding Radio Reception
4. Press the lower knob.“000” will
appear on the display.
5. Press SCAN and hold until the fourth
digit of your code appears. Release the
button.
6. Press SEEK 4 or andhold until the
fifth and sixth digits of your code
appear. Release the button.
7. Press the lower knob. “SEC” will
appear and the unit will work. If
“LOC” shows, the numbers did not
match and the unit is still locked.
How to Change Your Security Code
You can change your security code by
following these steps:
1. Using your old code, follow the
directions given under “Shutting Off
the Theft-Deterrent Feature.’’
2. Repeat directions of “Setting Your
Security Code” with your new
security code.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound.
But FM signals will reach only about
10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). And, tall
buildings or hills can interfere with
FM signals, causing the sound to come
and go.
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater
than for FM, especially at night. The
longer range, however, cancause stations
to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and
power lines. Try reducing the treble to
reduce this noise if you ever get it.
127---
I
Comfort Controls & Audio Systems
I
AM Stereo
This means the Delco@ systemcan
receive C-QUAM@ stereo broadcasts.
Many AM stations around the country use
C-QUAM@ to produce stereo, though
some do not. (C-QUAM@ is a registered
trademark of Motorola, Inc.) If your
Delco@ systemcan get C-QUAM@, your
“STEREO” light will come on when
you’re receiving it.
Care of Your Cassette Tape
Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly
can cause reduced sound quality, ruined
cassettes, or a damaged mechanism.
Cassette tapes should be stored i n their
cases away from contaminants, direct
sunlight, and extreme heat. If they aren’t.
they may not operate properly or cause
failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned
regularly each month or after every IS
hours of use. If you notice a reduction i n
sound quality. try a known good cassette
to see i f the tape or the tape player is a1
fault. If this other cassette has no
improvenlent i n sound qualily. clean the
tape player.
Clean your tape player with a
wiping-action, non-abrasive cleaning
cassette, and follow the directions
provided with it.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the
sound quality may degrade over time.
Always make sure that the cassette tape is
i n good condition before you have your
tape player serviced.
I Care of Your Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their
original cases or other protective cases
and away from direct sunlight and dust. If
the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral
detergent solution and clean it, wiping
from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the signal surface
when handling discs. Pick up discs by
grasping the outer edges or the edge of
the hole and the outer edge.
Fixed Mast Antenna
The fixed mast antenna can withstand
most car washes without being damaged.
If the mast should ever become slightly
bent, you can straighten it out by hand. If
the mast is badly bent, as it might be by
vandals, you should replace it.
Check every once in a while to be sure
the mast is still tightened to the fender.
Notes
... 130
4
Part
Your Driving and the Road
H e r e you’ll find information about
driving on different kindsof roads
and in varying weather conditions.
We’ve also included many other
useful tips on driving.
Roadsigns .......................................................
Defensive Driving .....................
t ...........................
DrunkenDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Control of a Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DrivingatNight ...................................................
Driving in the Rain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Driving in Fog, Mist and Haze ........................................
CityDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FreewayDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Driving a Long Distance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HillandMountainRoads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ParkingonHills ...................................................
Winter Driving ....................................................
Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
132
136
137
140
153
155
158
160
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163
165
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173
Your Driving and the Road
A
ISTOPI
L
ENTER
WRONG
WAY
LOW
AHEAD
SHOULDER
Road Sigpts
The road signs you see everywhere are
coded by color, shape and symbols. It’s a
good idea to know these codes so that you
can quickly grasp the basic meaning or
intent of the sign even before you have a
chance to read it.
Color of Road Signs
RED means STOP. It may also indicate
that some movement is not allowed.
Examples are DO NOT ENTER and
WRONG WAY.
FLAGGER
ORANGE indicates road construction or
maintenance. You’ll want to slow down
when you see an orange sign, as part of
the road may be closed off or torn up.
And there may be workers and
maintenance vehicles around, too.
\
RAILROAD
ADVANCE
CROSSING
YELLOW indicates a general warning.
Slow down and be careful when you seea
yellow sign. It may signal a railroad
crossing ahead, a no-passing zone, or
some other potentially dangerous
situation. Likewise, a yellow solid line
painted on the road means “Don’t Cross.”
SyRLL Iuwfl
RWYTDW
GREEN is used to guide the driver.
Green signs may indicate upcoming
freeway exits or show the direction you
should turn to reach a particular place.
ST0 PI1
E
HOS
BLUE signs with white letters show
motorists’ services.
Shape of Road Signs
The shape of the sign will tell you
something, too.
An OCTAGONAL (eight-sided) sign
means STOP. It is always red with white
letters.
V
YIELD
A TRIANGLE, pointed downward,
indicates YIELD. It assigns the
right-of-way to traffic on certain
approaches to an intersection.
I
v
CANOEING
BROWN signs point out recreation areas
or points of historic or cultural interest.
END DIVIDED HIGHWAY
A DIAMOND-shaped sign is a warning
of something ahead - for example, the
end of a divided highway, a curve, steep
hill, soft shoulder, or a narrow bridge.
A TRIANGULAR sign also is used on
two-lane roads to indicate a NO
PASSING ZONE. This sign will be on the
left side of the roadway.
Your Driving and the Road
KEEP
RIGHT
LEFT OR
THROUGH
RIGHT TURN
ONLY
RECTANGULAR (square or oblong)
signs show speed limits, parking
regulations, give directions, and such
information as distances to cities.
Symbols on Road Signs
There are many international road signs in
use today.
Traffic Lights
We’re all familiar with traffic lights or
stop lights. Often green arrowsare being
used in the lights for improved traffic
control. On some multilane roads, green
arrows light up, indicating that traffic in
one or more lanes can move or make a
NO
NO U
NO
BICYCLES
TURN
PARKING
turn. Green arrows don’t mean “go no
matter what.’’ You’ll still need to proceed
The basic messageof many of these signs with caution, yielding the right of way to
is in pictures or graphic symbols. A
pedestrians and sometimes to other
picture within a circle with a diagonal line vehicles.
across it shows what not to do.
Some traffic lights also use red arrows to
signify that you must stop before turning
on red.
REVERSIBLE
LANE ON
MULTI-LANE
ROADWAY
Many city roads and expressways, and
2ven bridges, use reversible-lane traffic
control during rush hours. A red X light
above a lane means no driving in that lane
at that time. A green arrow means you
may drive in that lane. Look for the signs
posted to warn drivers what hours and
days these systems are in effect.
NO PASSING ZONE
Pavement Markings
Your Own Signals
Pavement markings add to traffic signs
and signals. They give information to
drivers without taking attention from the
roadway. A solid yellow line on your side
of the road or lane means “don’t cross.”
Drivers signal to others, too. It’s not only
more polite, it’s safer to let other drivers
know what you are doing. And in some
places the law requires driver signals.
Turn and lane change signals: Always
signal when you plan to turn or change
lanes.
If necessary, you can use hand signals out
the window: Left arm straight out for a
left turn, down for slow or about-to-stop,
and up for a right turn.
Your Driving and the Road
Defensive Driving
Slowing down: If time allows, tap the
brake pedal once or twice in advance of
slowing or stopping. This warns the driver
behind you.
Disabled: Your four-way flashers signal
that your vehicle is disabled or is a
hazard. See “Hazard Warning Flashers” in
the Index.
Traffic Officer
The traffic police officeris also a source
of important information. The officer’s
signals govern, no matter what the traffic
lights or other signs say.
The next section discusses some of the
road conditions you may encounter.
136
The best advice anyone can give about
driving is: Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety
device in your Chevrolet: Buckle up. (See
“Safety Belts” in the Index.)
Defensive driving really means “be ready
for anything.“ On city streets, rural roads,
or freeways, it means “always expect the
unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers
are going to be careless and make
mistakes. Anticipate what they might do.
Be ready for their mistakes.
Expect children to dash out from behind
parked cars, often followed by other
children. Expect occupants in parked cars
to open doors into traffic. Watch for
movement in parked cars - someone
may be about to open a door.
Expect other drivers to run stop signs
when you are on a through street. Be
ready to brake if necessary as you go
:hrough intersections. You may not have
:o use the brake, but if you do, you will be
-eady.
If you’re driving througha shopping
center parking lot where there are
well-marked lanes, directional arrows,
and designated parking areas, expect
some drivers to ignoreall these markings
and dash straight toward one part of the
lot.
Drunken Driving
Here’s a final bit of information about
?edestrians can be careless. Watch for
defensive
driving. The most dangerous
hem. In general, you must give way to
time for driving in the U.S. is very early
Jedestrians even if you know you have
on Sunday morning. In fact, GM
.he right of way.
Research studies show that the most and
Xear-end collisions are about the most
the least dangerous times for driving,
xeventable of accidents. Yet they are
every week, fall on the same day. That
:ommon. Allow enough following
is Sunday. The most dangerous time
day
listance. It’s the best defensive driving
is Sunday from 3 a.m. to 4 a.m. The safest
maneuver, in both city and rural driving.
time
is Sunday from 10 a.m. to 1 1 a.m.
You never know when the vehicle in front
Driving the same distance on a Sunday at
3f you is going to brake or turn suddenly.
3 a.m. isn’t just a little more dangerous
than it is at 10 a.m. It‘s about 134 times
more dangerous!
That leads to the next section.
Death and injury associated with drinking
and driving is a national tragedy. It’s the
number one contributor to the highway
death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year. Alcohol takes away three
things that anyone needs todrive a
vehicle:
0 Judgment
0 MuscularCoordination
Vision
Police records show that halfof all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol a driver, a passenger or someone else,
such as a pedestrian, had been drinking.
Your Driving and the Road
In most cases, these deaths are the result
of someone who was drinking and
driving. Over 25,000 motor
vehicle-related deaths occur each year
because of alcohol, and thousands of
people are injured.
Just how much alcohol is too much if a
person plans to drive? Ideally, no one
should drink alcohol and then drive. But
if one does, then what’s “too much”? It
can be a lot less than many might think.
Although it depends on each person and
situation, here is some general
information on the problem.
... 138
The Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) of
someone who is drinking depends upon
four things:
How much alcohol is in the drink.
The drinker’s body weight.
The amount of food that is consumed
before and duringdrinking.
The length of time it has taken the
drinker to consume the alcohol.
According to the American Medical
Association, a 180-pound (82 kg) person
who drinks three 12-ounce (355 ml)
bottles of beer in an hour will end up with
a BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person
would reach the same BAC by drinking
three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses of wine or
three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2
ounces (45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey,
gin or vodka.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For
example, if the same person drank three
double martinis (3 ounces or 90 ml of
liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent, A
person who consumes food just before or
during drinking will have a slightly lower
BAC level.
DRlNKlNa THAT W
lll
RESULT IN A BAC OF .O6%
IN THE TIME SHOWN
I
3 HOURS
T
1
.
.
.
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
BODY WEIGHT IN POUNDS
The law in most U.S. states sets the legal
limit at a BAC of 0.10 percent. In Canada
the limit is 0.08 percent, and in some
other countries it’s lower thanthat. The
BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three
to six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as
we’ve seen, it depends on how much
alcohol is in the drinks, and how quickly
the person drinks them.
But it’s very important to keep in mind
that the ability to drive is affected well
below a BAC of 0.10 percent. Research
shows that the driving skills of many
people are impaired at a BAC
approaching 0.05 percent, and that the
effects are worse at night. All drivers are
impaired at BAC levels above 0.05
percent. Statistics show that the chance of
being in an accident increases sharply for
drivers who have a BAC of 0.05 percent
or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent (three beers in one hour for a
180-pound or 82 kg person) has doubled
his or her chance of having an accident.
At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the
chance of that driver having an accident is
six times greater; at a level of 0.15
percent, the chances are twenty-five times
greater! And, the body takes about an
hour to rid itself of the alcohol in one
drink. No amount of coffee or number of
cold showers will speed that up.
“I’ll be careful” isn’t the right answer.
What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts
into the street? A person with a higher
BAC might not be able to react quickly
enough to avoid the collision.
Your Driving and the Road
There’s something else about drinking
and driving that many people don’t know.
Medical research shows that alcoholin a
person’s system can make crash injuries
worse. That’s especially true for brain,
spinal cord and heart injuries. That means
that if anyone who has been drinking driver or passenger - is in a crash, the
,chance of being killed or permanently
disabled is higher than if that person had
not been drinking. And we’ve already
seen that the chance of a crash itself is
higher for drinking drivers.
I
I
... 140
I UI I
.
urrnKing ana men awing IS
very dangerous. Your reflexes,
perceptions, and judgment will be
affected by even a small amount of
alcohol. You could have a serious
-or even fatal -accident if you
drive after drinking. Please don’t
drink and drive or ride with a driver
who has been drinking. Ride home
in a cab; or if you’re with a group,
designate a driver who will not
drink.
Control of a Vehicle
You have three systems that make your
vehicle go where you want it lo go. They
are the brakes, the steering and the
accelerator. All three systems have to do
their work at the places where the tires
meet the road.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on
snow or ice, it’s easy to ask more of those
control systems than the tires and road
can provide. That means you can lose
control of your vehicle.
Braking
Braking action involves perception time
and reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the
brake pedal. That’s perception time.
Then you have to bring up your foot and
do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a
second. But that’s only an average. It
might be less with one driver and as long
as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition,
alertness, coordination, and eyesight all
play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a
vehicle moving at 60 mph ( 100 km/h)
travels 66 feet (20 m). That could be a lot
of distance in an emergency, so keeping
:nough space between your vehicle and
Dthers is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances
vary greatly with the surface of the road
:whether it’s pavementor gravel); the
;ondition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; and the condition of your brakes.
Most drivers treat their brakes withcare,
Some, however, overwork the braking
system with poor driving habits.
B
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some
people drive in spurts - heavy
acceleration followed by heavy
braking - rather than keeping pace
with traffic. This is a mistake. Your
brakes may not have time to cool
between hard stops. Your brakes will
wear out much faster if you do a lot of
heavy braking.
Don’t “ride” the brakes by letting your
left foot rest lightly on the brake pedal
while driving.
Your Driving and the Road
-
I
I
CAUTION:
A
66.
nlulllg
YVUl U l a K G S
Cdn Cause
them to overheat to the point
that they won’t work well. You
might not be able to stop your
vehicle in time to avoid anaccident.
If you “ride” your brakes, they will
get so hot they will require a lot of
pedal force to slow you down.
Avoid “riding” the brakes.
Klamg-.me DraaKes wears tnern 01
lnuch faster. You would need costly
brake replacement much sooner
than normal, andit also reduces fuel
economy.
If you keep pace with the traffic and
allow realistic following distances, you
will eliminate a lot of unnecessary
braking. That means better braking and
longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re
driving, brake normally but don’t
pump your brakes. If you do, the
pedal may get harder to push down. If
your engine stops, you will still have
some power brakeassist. But you will
use it when you brake. Once the
power assist is used up, it may take
longer to stop and the brake pedalwill
be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
Your Chevrolet has an advanced
electronic braking system that will help
prevent skidding.
I
This light on the instrument panel will go
on when you start your vehicle.
When you start your vehicle, you may
hear a momentary motor or clicking
noise. And you may even notice that your
brake pedal moves a little while this is
going on. This is the ABS system testing
itself. If you have your foot on the brake
pedal, this check won't happen until the
vehicle goes about 3 mph ( 5 km/h) or
until you take your foot off the brake
pedal.
If there's a problem with the anti-lock
brake system. the ABS INOP warning
light will stay on or flash.
See "Anti-Lock Brake System Warning
Light" in the Index.
143.m-
Your Driving and the Road
1
I
Here's how anti-lock works. Let's say the
road is wet. You're driving safely.
Suddenly an animal jumps out in front of
you.
You slam on the brakes. Here's what
happens with ABS.
A computer senses that wheels are
slowing down. The computer separately
works the brakes at each front wheel and
at the rear wheels.
The anti-lock system can change the
brake pressure faster than any driver
could. The computer is programmed to
make the most of available tire and road
conditions.
You can steer around the obstacle while
braking hard.
As you brake, your conlputer keeps
receiving updates on wheel speed and
controls braking pressure accordingly.
I CAUTION;
A
Anti-lock doesn't change the
time you need to get your foot
up to the brake pedal. If you get too
close to the vehicle in front of you,
1 you won't have time to apply your
brakes if that vehicle suddenly
slows or stops. Always leave
enough room up ahead to stop, even
though you have anti-lock brakes.
I'o Use Anti-Lock:
Don't pump the brakes. Just hold the
brake pedal down and let anti-lock work
for you. When the ABS is active, the
LOW TRAC light comes on to indicate
low traction conditions. Adjust your
driving accordingly. The light will
stay on for about four seconds after
the ABS stops being active.
Disc Brake Wear Indicators
Unless you have the four-wheel disc
brake option, your Chevrolet has front
disc brakes and rear drumbrakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear
indicators that make a high-pitched
warning sound when the brake pads are
worn and new pads are needed. The
sound may come and go or be heard all
the time your vehicle is moving (except
when you are pushing on the brake peda.1
firmly).
1
I
The brakewearwarningsound
- meansthat sooner or lateryour
brakes won’t work well. That could
lead to an accident. When you hear
the brake wear warning sound, have
your vehicle serviced.
I
LullllllullIg
1u UIIVt:
Wllll WUIII-UU
brake pads could result in r n c t l \ ~
brake repair.
Some driving conditions or climates may
cause a brake squeal when the brakes are
first applied or lightly applied. This does
not mean something is wrong with your
brakes.
Rear Drum Brakes
If you have rear drum brakes, they don’t
have wear indicators, but if you ever hear
a rear brake rubbing noise, have the rear
brake linings inspected. Also, the rear
brake drums should be removed and
inspected each time the tiresare removed
for rotation or changing. When you have
the front brakes replaced, have the rear
brakes inspected, too.
Brake linings should always be replaced
as complete axle sets.
Your Driving and the Road
Steering
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealerif the brake pedaldoes
not return to normal height, or if there isa
rapid increase in pedal travel. This could
be a sign of brake trouble.
If your brake pedal goes down farther
than normal, your rear drum brakes may
need adjustment. Adjust them by backing
up and firmly applying the brakesa few
times.
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because
the engine stops or the systemfails to
function, you can steer but it will take
much more effort.
Steering Tips
Braking in Emergencies
Brake Adjustment
Use your anti-lock braking system when Driving on Curves
Every time you make a moderate brake
you need to. With anti-lock, you can steer It’s important to take curvesat a
stop, your disc brakes adjust for wear. If
reasonable speed.
and brake at the same time. In many
you rarely make a moderate or heavier
emergencies,
steering
can
help
you
more
stop, then your brakes might not adjust
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents
correctly. If you drive in that way, then - than even the very best braking.
mentioned on the news happen on curves.
very carefully - make a few moderate
Here’s why:
brake stops about every 1000 miles
Experienced driver or beginner, each of
( 1 600 km), so your brakes will adjust
us is subject to the same lawsof physics
properly.
when driving on curves. The traction of
~
the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path
when you turn the front wheels. If there’s
no traction, inertia will keep the vehicle
going in the same direction. If you’ve
ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice,
you’ll understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve
depends on the condition of your tires and
the road surface, the angle at which the
curve is banked, and your speed. While
you’re in a curve, speed is the one factor
you can control.
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp
curve. Then you suddenly accelerate.
Those two control systems - steering
and acceleration - can overwhelm those
places where the tires meet the road and
make you lose control.
What should youdo if this ever happens?
Let up on the accelerator pedal, steer the
vehicle the way you want it to go, and
slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that
you should adjust your speed.Of course,
the posted speeds are based on good
weather and road conditions. Under less
favorable conditions you’ll want to go
slower.
If you need to reduce your speedas you
approach a curve, do it before you enter
the curve, while your front wheels are
straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can
“drive” through the curve. Maintain a
reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve,
and then accelerate gently into the
straightaway.
When you drive into a curve at night, it’s
harder to see the road ahead of you
because it bends away from the straight
beams of your lights. This is one good
reason to drive slower.
Your Driving and the Road
Steering in Emergencies
Your Chevrolet can perform very well in
emergencies
like these. First apply your
There are times when steering can be
more effective than braking. Forexample, brakes. It is better to remove as much
speed as you can from a possible
you come over a hill and find a truck
collision. Then steer around the problem,
stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly
to the left or right depending on the space
pulls out from nowhere, or a child darts
available.
out from between parked cars and stops
right in front of you. You can avoid these An emergency like this requiresclose
problems by braking - if you can stop in attention and a quick decision. If you are
time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t holding the steering wheel at the
room. That’s the time forevasive action
recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions,
- steering around the problem.
you can turn it a full 180 degrees very
quickly without removing either hand.
But you have to act fast, steer quickly,
and just as quickly straighten the wheel
once you have avoided the object. You
must then be prepared to steer backto
your original lane and then braketo a
controlled stop.
Depending on yourspeed, this can be
rather violent for an unprepared driver.
This is one of the reasons driving experts
recommend that you use your safety belts
and keep both hands on the steering
wheel.
The fact that such emergency situations
are always possible is a good reason to
practice defensive drivingat all times.
I
Passing
Off-Road Recovery
You may find sometime that your right
wheels have dropped off the edge of a
road onto the shoulder (A) while you’re
driving.
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly
below the pavement, recovery should be
fairly easy. Ease off the accelerator and
then, if there is nothing in the way, steer
so that your vehicle straddles the edge of
the pavement. You can turn the steering
wheel up to 1/4 turn (B) until the right
front tire contacts the pavement edge.
Then turn your steering wheel to go
straight down the roadway.
If the shoulder appears to be about four
inches (100 mm) or more below the
pavement, this difference can cause
problems. If there is not enough room to
pull entirely onto the shoulder and stop,
then follow the same procedures. But if
the right front tire scrubs against the side
of the pavement, do NOT steer more
sharply. With too much steering angle, the
vehicle mayjump back onto the road with
so much steering input that it crosses over
into the oncoming traffic before you can
bring it back under control. Instead, ease
off again on the accelerator and steering
input, straddle the pavement once more,
then try again.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass
another on a two-lane highway waits for
just the right moment, accelerates, moves
around the vehicle ahead, then goes back
into the right lane again. A simple
maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle
on a two-lane highway is a potentially
dangerous move, since the passing
vehicle occupies the same lane as
oncoming traffic for several seconds. A
miscalculation, an error in judgment, or a
brief surrender to frustration or anger can
suddenly put the passing driver face to
face with the worst of all traffic accidents
- the head-on collision.
149
Your Driving and the Road
So here are some tips for passing:
0 “Drive ahead.” Look down the road,
to the sides, and to crossroads for
situations that might affect your
passing patterns. If you have any
doubt whatsoever about makinga
successful pass, wait fora better time.
0 Watch for traffic signs, pavement
markings, and lines.If you can see a
sign up ahead that might indicate a
turn or an intersection, delay your
pass. A broken center line usually
indicates it’s all right to pass
(providing the road ahead is clear).
..
=
150
0
0
Never cross a solid line on your side
of the lane or a double solid line, even
if the road seems empty of
approaching traffic.
If you suspect that thedriver of the
vehicle you want to pass isn’t aware
of your presence, tap the horn a
couple of times before passing.
Do not get too close to the vehicleyou
want to pass while you’re awaiting an
opportunity. For one thing, following
too closely reduces your areaof
vision, especially if you’re following a
larger vehicle. Also, you won’t have
adequate space if the vehicle ahead
suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a
reasonable distance.
0
When it looks like a chance to pass is
coming up, start to accelerate but stay
in the right lane and don’t gettoo
close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comesto
move into the other lane. If the way is
clear to pass, you will have a “running
start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping
back. And if something happens to
cause you to cancel your pass,you
need only slow down and drop back
again and wait for another
opportunity.
Loss of Control
If other cars are lined up to pass a
slow vehicle, wait your turn. But take
care that someone isn’t trying to pass
you as you pull out to pass the slow
vehicle. Remember to glance over
your shoulder and check the blind
spot.
Check your mirrors, glance over your
shoulder, and start your left lane
change signal before moving out of
the right lane to pass. When you are
far enough ahead of the passed vehicle
to see its front in your inside mirror,
activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane.
(Remember that your right outside
mirror is convex. The vehicle you just
passed may seem to be farther away
from you than it really is.)
Try not to pass more than one vehicle
at a time on two-lane roads.
Reconsider before passing the next
vehicle.
Don’t overtake a slowly moving
vehicle too rapidly. Even though the
brake lights are not flashing, it may be
slowing down or starting to turn.
If you’re being passed, makeit easy
for the following driver to get ahead
of you. Perhaps you can ease a little to
the right.
Let’s review what driving experts say
about what happens when the three
control systems (brakes, steering and
acceleration) don’t have enough friction
where the tires meet the road to do what
the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep
trying to steer and constantly seek an
escape route or area of less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the
vehicle. Defensive drivers avoid most
skids by taking reasonable care suited to
existing conditions, and by not
“overdriving” those conditions. But skids
are always possible.
Your Driving and the Road
The three types of skids correspond to
your Chevrolet’s three control systems.In
the braking skid your wheels aren’t
rolling. In the steering or cornering skid,
too much speed or steering in a curve
causes tires to slip and lose cornering
force. And in the acceleration skidtoo
much throttle causes the driving wheels to
spin.
A cornering skid and an acceleration skid
are best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.If your vehicle
starts to slide (as when you turn a corner
on a wet, snow- or ice-covered road),
ease your foot off the accelerator pedalas
soon as you feel the vehicle start to slide.
Quickly steer the way you want the
vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly
enough, your vehicle will straightenout.
As it does, straighten thefront wheels.
Of course, traction is reduced when water,
snow, ice, gravel, or other material is on
the road. For safety, you’ll wantto slow
down and adjust yourdriving to these
conditions. It is important to slow down
on slippery surfaces because stopping
distance will be longer and vehicle
control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced
traction, try your best to avoid sudden
steering, acceleration, or braking
(including engine braking by shifting to a
lower gear). Any sudden changes could
cause the tires to slide.You may not
realize the surface is slippery until your
vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize
warning clues - such as enough
water, ice or packed snow on the road to
make a “mirrored surface” - and slow
down when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock braking system
(ABS) helps avoid only the brakingskid.
Steer the way you want to go.
Driving at Night
Night driving is more dangerous than day
driving. One reason is that some drivers
are likely to be impaired -by alcohol or
drugs, with night vision problems, or by
fatigue.
Here are some tips on night driving.
0 Drive defensively. Remember, this is
the most dangerous time.
e Don’t drink and drive. (See “Drunken
Driving’’ in the Index for more on this
problem.)
e Adjust your inside rearview mirror to
reduce the glare from headlights
behind you.
0
0
0
Since you can’t see as well, you may
need to slow down and keep more
space between you and other vehicles.
It’s hard to tell how fast the vehicle
ahead is going just by looking at its
taillights.
Slow down, especially on higher
speed roads. Your headlights can light
up only so much road ahead.
In remote areas, watch for animals.
If you’re tired, pull off the road in a
safe place and rest.
Night Vision
No one can see as well at night as in the
daytime. But as we get older these
differences increase. A 50-year-old driver
may require at least twice as much light to
see the same thing at night as a
20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also
affect your night vision. For example, if
you spend the day in bright sunshine you
are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes
will have less trouble adjusting to night.
Your Driving and the Road
But if you’re driving, don’t wear
sunglasses at night. They may cut down
on glare from headlights, but theyalso
make a lot of things invisible that should
remain visible - such as parked cars,
obstacles, pedestrians, or even trains
blocking railway crossings. You may
want to put on your sunglasses after you
have pulled into a brightly-lighted service
or refreshment area. Eyes shielded from
that glare may adjust more quickly to
darkness back on the road. But be sure to
remove your sunglasses beforeyou leave
the service area.-^-
You can be temporarily blindedby
approaching lights. It can take a second or
two, or even several seconds, for your
eyes to readjust to thedark. When you are
faced with severeglare (as from a driver
who doesn’t lower the high beams,or a
vehicle with misaimed headlights), slow
down a little. Avoid staring directly into
the approaching lights. If there is a line of
opposing traffic, make occasional glances
over the line of headlights to make certain
that one of the vehicles isn’tstarting to
move into your lane. Once you are past
the bright lights, give your eyes time to
readjust before resuming speed.
High Beams
[f the vehicle approaching you has its
high beams on, signal by flicking yours to
high and then back to low beam. This is
:he usual signal to lower the headlight
beams. If the other driver still doesn’t
lower the beams, resist the temptation to
put your high beams on. This only makes
two half-blinded drivers.
On a freeway, use your high beams only
in remote areas where you won’t impair
approaching drivers. In some places, like
Zities, using high beams is illegal.
Driving in the Rain
Dirty glass makes lights dazzle and flash
more than clean glass would, making the
pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
You might even want to keep a cloth and
some glass cleaner in your vehicle if you
need to clean your glass frequently.
Remember that your headlights light up
far less of a roadway when you are in a
A Few More Night Driving Suggestions turn or curve.
Keep your windshield and all theglass on Keep your eyes moving; that way, it’s
your vehicle clean - inside and out.
easier to pick out dimly lighted objects.
Glare at night is made much worse by dirt
on the glass. Even the inside of the glass Just as your headlights should be checked
regularly for proper aim, so should your
can build up a film caused by dust.
eyes be examined regularly. Some drivers
Tobacco smoke also makes inside glass
suffer from night blindness - the
surfaces very filmy and can be a vision
inability to see in dim light - and aren’t
hazard if it’s left there.
even aware of it.
When you follow another vehicle on a
freeway or highway, use low beams. True,
most vehicles now have day/nightmirrors
that enable the driver to reduce glare. But
outside mirrors are not of this type and
high beams from behind can bother the
driver ahead.
Rain and wet roads can mean driving
trouble. On a wet road you can’t stop,
accelerate or turn as well because your
tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on
dry roads. And, if your tires don’t have
much tread left, you’ll get even less
traction.
It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts to fall while you are
driving. The surface may get wet
suddenly when your reflexes are tuned for
driving on dry pavement.
Your Driving and the Road
The heavier the rain, the harderit is to
see. Even if your windshield wiper blades
are in good shape, a heavy rain can make
it harder to see road signs and traffic
signals, pavement markings, theedge of
the road, and even people walking. Road
spray can oftenbe worse for vision than
rain, especially if it comes from a dirty
road.
So it is wise to keep your wiping
equipment in good shape and keep your
windshield washer tankfilled. Replace
your windshield wiper inserts when they
show signs of streaking or missing areas
on the windshield, or when strips of
rubber start to separate from the inserts.
.
I
.
156
Driving too fast through large water
puddles or even going through some car
washes can cause problems, too.The
water may affect your brakes. Try to
avoid puddles. But if you can’t, try to
slow down beforeyou hit them.
II
Wet brakes can cause
- L accidents. They won’t work
well in a quick stop and may cause
pulling to one side. You could lose
control of the vehicle.
After driving througha large puddle
of water or a car wash, apply your
brake pedal lightly until your brakes
work normally.
I
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much
water can build up under your tires that
they can actually ride on the water. This
can happen if the road is wet enough and
you’re going fast enough. When your
vehicle is hydroplaning, i t has little or no
contact with the road.
You might not be aware of hydroplaning.
You could drive along for some time
without realizing your tires aren’t in
constant contact with the road. You could
find out the hard way: when you have to
slow, turn, move out to pass- or if you
get hit by a gust of wind. You could
suddenly find yourself out of control.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
can if your tires haven’t much tread orif
Turn on your headlights - not just
the pressure in one or more is low. It can
your parking lights- to help make
happen if a lot of water is standing on the
you more visible to others.
road. If you can see reflections from trees,
0 Look for hard-to-see vehicles coming
telephone poles, or other vehicles, and
from behind. You may want to use
raindrops “dimple” the water’s surface,
your headlights even in daytime if it’s
there could be hydroplaning.
raining hard.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher
speeds. There just isn’t a hard and fast
rule about hydroplaning. The best advice
is to slow down when it is raining, and be
careful.
Your Driving and the Road
Besides slowing down, allow some
extra following distance. And be
especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more
clear room ahead, and be prepared to
have your view restricted by road
spray. If the road spray is so heavy
you are actually blinded, drop back.
Don’t pass until conditions improve.
Going more slowly is better than
having an accident.
Use your defogger if it helps.
Have good tires with proper tread
depth. (See “Tires” in the Index.)
..
158
Driving in Fog, Mist
and Haze
behind you a chance to slowdown.
Everybody then hasa better chance to
Fog can occur with high humidity or
heavy frost. It can be so mild that you can avoid hitting the vehicle ahead.
A patch of dense fog may extend only for
see through it for several hundred feet
(meters). Or it might be so thick that you a few feet (meters) or for miles
can see only a few feet (meters) ahead. It (kilometers); you can’t really tell while
may come suddenly to an otherwise clear you’re in it. You can only treat the
situation with extreme care.
road. And it can be a major hazard.
When you drive into a fog patch, your
visibility will be reduced quickly. The
biggest dangers are striking the vehicle
ahead or being struckby the one behind.
Try to “read” the fog density down the
road. If the vehicle ahead starts to become
less clear or,at night, if the taillights are
harder to see, the fog is probably
thickening. Slow down to givetraffic
One common fog condition- sometimes
called mist or ground fog - can happen
in weather that seems perfect, especially
at night or in the early morning in valley
and low, marshy areas. You can be
suddenly enveloped in thick, wet haze
that may even coat your windshield. You
can often spot these fog patchesor mist
layers with your headlights. But
Use your defogger. In high humidity, even
a light buildup of moisture on the inside
of the glass will cut down on your already
limited visibility. Run your windshield
wipers and washer occasionally. Moisture
can build up on the outside glass, and
what seems to be fog may actually be
Tips on Driving in Fog
moisture
on the outside of your
If you get caught in fog, turn your
windshield.
headlights on low beam, even in daytime.
Treat dense fog as an emergency. Try to
You’ll see - and be seen - better. Use
find a place to pull off the road. Of course
your fog lights if your vehicle has them.
Don’t use your high beams. The light will you want to respect another’s property,
but you might need to put something
bounce off the waterdroplets that make
between you and moving vehicles up fog and reflect back at you.
space, trees, telephone poles, a private
driveway, anything that removes you
from other traffic.
sometimes they can be waiting for you as
you come over a hill or dip into a shallow
valley. Start your windshield wipers and
washer, to help clear accumulated road
dirt. Slow down carefully.
[f visibility is near zero and you must stop
but are unsure whether you are away from
the road, turn your lights on, start your
hazard warning flashers, and sound your
horn at intervals or when you hear
approaching traffic.
Pass other vehicles in fog only if you can
see far enough ahead to pass safely. Even
then, be prepared to delay your pass if
you suspect the fog is worse up ahead. If
other vehicles try to pass you, make it
easy for them.
Your Driving and the Road
City Driving
One of the biggest problems with city
streets is the amount of traffic on them.
You’ll want to watch out for what the
other drivers are doingand pay attention
to traffic signals.
Here are ways to increase your safety in
city driving:
0 Know the best way to get to where
you are going. Try not to drive around
trying to pick outa familiar street or
landmark. Get a city map and plan
your trip into an unknown part of the
city just asyou would for a
cross-country trip.
9
160
0
0
Try to use the freeways that rim and
crisscross most large cities. You’ll
save time and energy. (See the next
section, “Freeway Driving.”)
Treat a green light as a warning signal.
A traffic light is there because the
corner is busy enough to need it.
When a light turns green, andjust
before you start to move, check both
ways for vehicles that have not
cleared the intersectionor may be
running the red light.
Obey all posted speed limits.But
remember that they are for ideal road,
weather and visibility conditions. You
may need to drive below the posted
limit in bad weather or when visibility
is especially poor.
Pull to the right (with care) and stop
clear of intersections when you see or
hear emergency vehicles.
Freeway Driving
Mile for mile. freeways (also called
thruways, parkways, expressways,
turnpikes, or superhighways) are the
safest of all roads. But they have their
own special rules.
The most important advice on freeway
driving is: Keep up with traffic and keep
to the right. Drive at the same speed most
of the other drivers are driving. Too-Past
or too-slow driving breaks a smooth
traffic flow. Treat the left lane on a
freeway as a passing lane.
Entering the Freeway
Driving on the Freeway
At the entrance there is usually a ramp
that leads to the freeway. If you have a
clear view of the freeway as you drive
along the entrance ramp, you should
begin to check traffic. Try to determine
where you expect to blend with the flow.
If traffic is light. you may have no
problem. But if it is heavy. find a gap as
you move along the entering lane and
time your approach. Try to merge into the
gap at close to the prevailing speed.
Switch on your turn signal, check your
rearview mirrors as you move along, and
glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the
traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your
speed to the posted limit or to the
prevailing rate if it's slower. Stay in the
right lane unless you want to pass. If you
are on a two-lane freeway, treat the right
lane as the slow lane and the left lane as
the passing lane.
If you are on a three-lane freeway, treat
the right lane as the slower-speed through
lane, the middle lane as the higher-speed
through lane, and the left lane as the
passing lane.
Before changing lanes, check your
rearview mirrors. Then use your turn
signal.
I
Your Driving and the Road
Just before you leave the lane,’glance
quickly over your shoulder to make sure
there isn’t another vehicle in your “blind”
spot.
If you are moving from anoutside to a
center lane on a freeway having more
than two lanes, make sure another vehicle
isn’t about to move into the same spot.
Look at the vehicles two lanes over and
watch for telltale signs: turn signals
flashing, an increase in speed, or moving
toward the edge of the lane. Be prepared
to delay your move.
Once you are moving on the freeway,
make certain you allow a reasonable
following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
162
Leaving the Freeway
When you want to leave the freeway,
move to the proper lane well in advance.
Dashing across lanes at the last minute is
dangerous. If you miss your exit do not,
under any circumstances, stop and back
up. Drive on to the next exit.
At each exit point is a deceleration lane.
Ideally it should be long enough for you
to enter it at freeway speed (after
signaling, of course) and then do your
braking before moving onto the exit
ramp. Unfortunately, not all deceleration
lanes are long enough - some are too
short for all the braking. Decide when to
start braking. If you must brake on the
through lane, and if there is traffic close
behind you, you can allow a little extra
time and flash your brake lights (in
addition to your turn signal) as extra
warning that you are about to slow down
and exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes
quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted. Reduce
your speed according to your
speedometer, not to your sense of motion.
After driving for any distance at higher
speeds, you may tend to think you are
going slower than you actually are. For
example, 40 mph (65 km/h) might seem
like only 20 mph (30 km/h). Obviously,
this could lead to serious trouble on a
ramp designed for 20 mph (30 km/h)!
Driving a Long
Distance
Although most long trips today are made
on freeways, there are still many made on
regular highways.
Long-distance driving on freeways and
regular highways is the same in some
ways. The trip has to be planned and the
vehicle prepared, you drive at
higher-than-city speeds, and there are
longer turns behind the wheel. You’ll
enjoy your trip more if you and your
vehicle are in good shape. Here are some
:ips for a successful long trip.
Here are some things you can check
before a trip:
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well
rested. If you must start when you’re not 0 Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the
reservoir full? Are all windows clean
fresh - such as after a day’s work inside and outside?
don’t plan to make too many miles that
first part of the journey. Wear comfortable 0 Wiper Blades: Are they in good
clothing and shoes you can easily drive
shape?
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If
you keep it serviced and maintained, it’s
ready to go. If it needs service, have it
done before starting out. Of course, you’ll
find experienced and able service experts
in Chevrolet dealerships all across North
America. They’ll be ready and willing to
help if you need it.
0
Fuel, Engine Oil, OtherFluids:
0
Have you checked all levels?
Lights: Are they all working? Are the
lenses clean?
0
Tires: They are vitally important to a
safe, trouble-free trip. Is the tread
good enough for long-distance
driving? Are the tires all inflated to
the recommended pressure?
163
-
Your Driving and the Road
0
0
WeatherForecasts: What’sthe
weather outlook alongyour route?
Should you delay your trip a short
time to avoid a major storm system?
Maps: Do youhave up-to-date
maps?
On the Road
Unless you are the only driver,it is good
to share the driving task with others.
Limit turns behind the wheel to about
100 miles (160 km) or two hours ata
sitting. Then, either change drivers or stop
for some refreshment likecoffee, tea or
soft drinks and some limbering up. But do
stop and move around. Eat lightly along
the way. Heavier meals tend to make
some people sleepy.
164
m . .
On two-lane highways or undivided
multilane highways thatdo not have
controlled access, you’ll want to watch
for some situations not usually found on
freeways. Examples are: stopsigns and
signals, shopping centers with direct
access to the highway, no passing zones
and school zones, vehicles turning left
and right off the road, pedestrians,
cyclists, parked vehicles, and even
animals.
Highway Hypnosis
Is there actually sucha condition as
“highway hypnosis”? Oris it just plain
falling asleep at the wheel? Call it
highway hypnosis, lackof awareness, or
whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch
of road with the same scenery,along with
the hum of the tires on the road, the drone
of the engine, and the rush of the wind
against the vehicle that can makeyou
sleepy. Don’t let it happen to you! If it
does, your vehicle can leave the road in
less than a second, and you could crash
and be injured.
What can you do about highway
hypnosis'? First, be aware that it can
happen.
Then here are some tips:
Make sure your vehicle is well
ventilated, with a comfortably cool
interior.
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road
ahead and to the sides. Check your
rearview mirrors frequently and your
instruments from time to time. This
can help you avoid a fixed stare.
Wear good sunglasses in bright light.
Glare can cause drowsiness. But don't
wear sunglasses at night. They will
drastically reduce your overall vision
at the very time you need all the
seeing power you have.
If you get sleepy, pull off the road into
a rest, service, or parking area and
take a nap, get some exercise, or both.
For safety, treat drowsiness on the
highway as an emergency.
As in any driving situation. keep pace
with traffic and allow adequate following
distances.
Hill and Mountain
Roads
Driving on steep hills or mountains is
different from driving in flat or rolling
terrain. If you drive regularly in steep
country. or if you're planning to visit
there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
0 Keep your vehicle in good shape.
Check all fluid levels and also the
brakes, tires, cooling system and
transmission. These parts can work
hard on mountain roads.
1659
*
Your Driving and the Road
Know how to go down hills. The most
important thing to know is this: let
your engine do some of the slowing
down. Don’t make your brakes do it
all. Shift to a lower gear when you go
down a steep or longhill. That way,
you will slow down without excessive
use of your brakes.
..
166
If you don’t shift down, your
brakes could get so hot that
they wouldn’t work well. You
would then have poor braking or
even none going down a hill. You
could crash. Shift down tolet your
engine assist your brakes on a steep
downhill slope.
2N
Coasting downhill in
(Neutral) or with the ignition
off is dangerous, Your brakes will
have to do all the work of slowing
down, They could get so hot that
they wouldn’t work weiL You could
crash. Always have your engine
running and your vehicle in gear
when you go downhill.
,
Know how to go uphill. You may
want to shift down to a lower gear.
The lower gears help cool your engine
and transmission, and you can climb
the hill better.
Stay in your own lane when driving
on two-lane roads in hills or
mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at
speeds that let you stay in your own
lane. That way, you won’t be surprised
by a vehicle coming toward you in the
same lane.
It takes longer to pass another vehicle
when you’re going uphill. You’ll want
to leave extra room to pass. If a
vehicle is passing you and doesn’t
have enough room, slow downto
make it easier for the other vehicle to
get by.
As you go over the top of a hill, be
alert. There could be something in
your lane, like a stalled car or an
accident.
0
You may see highway signs on
mountains that warn of special
problems. Examples are long grades,
passing or no-passing zones, a falling
rocks area, or winding roads. Be alert
to these and take appropriate action.
Winter driving can present special
problems. See “Winter Driving” in the
Index.
Your Driving and the Road
- m
Parking on Hills
Hills and mountains mean spectacular
scenery. But please be careful where you
stop if you decide to look at the view or
take pictures. Look for pull-offs or
parking areas provided for scenic
viewing.
Another part of this manual tells how to
use your parking brake (see "Parking
Brake" in the Index). But on a mountain
or steep hill, you can do one more thing.
You can turn your front wheels to keep
your vehicle from rollingdownhill or out
into traffic.
Here's how:
Parking Downhill
Turn your wheels to the right.
You don't have to jam your tires against
the curb, if there is a curb. A gentle
contact is all you need.
Parking Uphill
If there is a curb, turn your wheels to the
left if the curb is a t the right side of your
vehicle.
properly before you leave the driver’s
If you’re going uphill on a one-way street If there is no curb when you’re parking
seat. To find out how, see “Shifting into
and you’re parking on the left side, your uphill, turn the wheelsto the right.
P
(Park)” in the Index.
wheels should point to the right.
If there is no curb when you’re parking
uphill on the left side of a one-way street, When you are ready to drive, move the
your wheels should be turned to the left.
shift lever outof P (Park) BEFORE you
release the parking brake.
Torque Lock (Automatic Transmission) If “torque lock”does occur, you may
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t need to have another vehicle push yours
shift your transmission intoP (Park)
a little uphill to take some of the pressure
properly, the weightof the vehicle may
from the transmission,so you can pull the
put too much force on the parking pawl in shift lever out ofP (Park).
the transmission. You may find it difficult
to pull the shift lever out of P (Park). This
is called “torque lock.” To prevent torque
lock, alwaysbe sure to shift intoP (Park)
Your Driving and the Road
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
Have your Chevrolet in good shape
for winter. Be sure your engine
coolant mix is correct.
Snow tires can help in loose snow, but
they may give you less traction on ice
than regular tires.If you do not expect
to be driving in deep snow, but may
have to travel over ice,you may not
want to switch to snow tires atall.
You may want to put winter
emergency supplies in your vehicle.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush
or broom, a supply of windshield
washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a
red cloth, and a couple of reflective
warning triangles. And, if you will be
driving under severe conditions,
include a small bag of sand, a piece of
old carpet or a couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Besure you
properly secure these items in your
vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your
tires meet the road probably have good
traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between
your tires and theroad, you can have a
very slippery situation. You’ll have a lot
less traction or “grip” and will need to be
very careful.
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.”
Very cold snow or ice canbe slick and
hard to drive on. But wet ice can be even
more trouble because it may offer the
least traction of all. You can get “wet ice”
when it’s about freezing (32°F; OOC) and
freezing rain begins to fall. Try to avoid
driving on wet ice until salt and sand
crews can get there.
Whatever the condition - smooth ice,
packed, blowing or loose snow - drive
with caution. Accelerate gently. Try not to
break the fragile traction. If you
accelerate too fast, the drive wheels will
spin and polish the surface under the tires
even more.
Your anti-lock brakes improve your
ability to make a hard stop on a slippery
road. Even though you have the anti-lock
braking system, you’ll want to begin
stopping sooner than you would on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index.
0
0
Allow greater following distance on
any slippery road.
Watch for slippery spots. The road
might be fine until you hit a spot that’s
covered with ice. On an otherwise
clear road, ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t
reach: around clumps of trees, behind
buildings, or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve or
an overpass may remain icy when the
surrounding roads are clear. If you see
a patch of ice ahead of you, brake
before you are on it. Try not to brake
while you’re actually on the ice, and
avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
171
Your Driving and the Road
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you
newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor mats
- anything you can wrap around yourself
could be in a serious situation. You should or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
probably stay with your vehicle unless
You can run the engine to keep warm, but
you know for sure that you are near help
be careful.
and you can hike through the snow. Here
are some things todo to summon help and
keep yourself and your passengers safe:
Turn on your hazard flashers. Tie a red
cloth to your vehicleto alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow. Put on
extra clothing or wrap a blanket around
you. If you have no blankets or extra
clothing, make body insulators from
m . .
172
Snow can trap exhaust gases
under your vehicle. This can
cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide)
gas to get inside. CO could
overcome you and kill you. You
can’t see it or smell it, so you might
not know it is in your vehicle. Clear
away snow from around the base of
your vehicle, especially any thatis
blocking your exhaust pipe.And
check around again from time to
time to be sure snow doesn’t collect
there.
L
Open a window just a little on the
side of the vehicle that’s away from
the wind. This will help keep CO
out.
I
Towing a Trailer
Run your engine only as long as you
must. This saves fuel. When you run the
engine, make it go a little faster than just
idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly.
This uses less fuel for the heat that you
get and it keeps the battery charged. You
will need a well-charged battery to restart
the vehicle, and possibly for signaling
later on with your headlights. Let the
heater run for awhile.
Then. shut the engine off and close the
window almost all the way to preserve the
heat. Start the engine again and repeat this
only when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do it as little as
possible. Preserve the fuel as long as you
can. To help keep warm. you can get out
3f the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous
zxercises every half hour orso until help
Zomes.
If You're Stuck in Deep Snow
This manual explains how to get the
vehicle out of deep snow without
damaging it. See "Rocking Your Vehicle"
in the Index.
you can lose control when you pull
a trailer. For example, if the trailer is
too heavy, the brakes may not work
well -or even at all. You and your
passengers could be seriously
injured. Pull a trailer only if you
have followed all the steps in this
section.
Your Driving and the Road
I NOTICE:
and fuel economy. Successful, safe
trailering takes correct equipment, and
AAtnage your vehicle and result i~
it has to be used properly.
jtly repairs not covered by you.
That’s the reasonfor this section, In it are
warranty. To pull a trailer correctly,
many time-tested, important trailering
follow the advice in this section.
tips and safety rules. Many of these are
I important for your safety and thatof your
passengers. So please read this section
Your vehicle can towa trailer if it is
carefully before you pull a trailer.
equipped with the proper trailer towing
Load-pulling components such as the
equipment. To identify what the vehicle
trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you engine, transmission, wheel assemblies,
and tires are forced to work harder against
should read the information in “Weight
the drag of the added weight. The
engine
of the Trailer” that appears later in this
section. But trailering is different than just is required to operate at relatively higher
speeds and under greater loads,
driving your vehicle by itself. Trailering
means changes in handling, durability,
generating extra heat. What’s more, the
trailer adds considerably to wind
resistance, increasing the pulling
requirements.
If You Do Decide to Pull a Trailer
If you do, here are some important points.
There are many different laws having
to do with trailering. Make sure your
rig will be legal, not only where you
live but also where you’ll be driving.
A good source for this information
can be state or provincial police.
Consider using a sway control. You
can ask a hitch dealer about sway
controls,
Don’t tow a trailer at all during the
first 500 miles (800 km) your new
vehicle is driven. Your engine, axle or
other parts could be damaged.
Then, during the first 500 miles (800
km) that you tow a trailer, don’t drive
over 50 mph (80 km/h) and don’t
make starts at full throttle. This helps
your engine and other parts of your
vehicle wear in at the heavier loads.
Three important considerations have to do
with weight:
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than
1,500 pounds (680 kg) under normal
driving conditions. It should never
weigh more than 1,000 pounds
(450 kg) when driven on long grades
at high ambient temperatures. But
even that can be too heavy.
It depends on how you plan to use
your rig. For example, speed, altitude,
road grades, outside temperature and
how much your vehicle is used to pull
a trailer are all important. And, it can
also depend on any special equipment
that you have on your vehicle.
You can ask your dealer for our
trailering information or advice, or
you can write us at:
Chevrolet Motor Division
Customer Assistance Department
P.O. Box 7047
Troy, MI 48007-7047
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L l H 8P7
Your Driving and the Road
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is
an important weight to measure
because it affects the total capacity
weight of your vehicle.The capacity
weight includes the curb weight of the
vehicle, any cargo you may carry in it,
and the people who will be riding in
the vehicle. And if you will tow a
trailer, you must subtract the tongue
load from your vehicle‘s capacity
weight because your vehicle will be
carrying that weight, too. See
“Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index
for more information about your
vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
The trailer tongue(A) should weigh
10%of the total loaded trailer weight
(E).
After you’ve loaded your trailer,
weigh the trailer and then the tongue,
separately, to seeif the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able
to get them right simply by moving
some items around in the trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are
inflated to the limit for cold tires.
You’ll find these numbers on the
Certification label at the rear edge of
the driver’s door(or see “Tire
Loading” in the Index). Then be sure
you don’t go over the GVW limit for
your vehicle.
Hitches
It‘s important to have the correct hitch
equipment. Crosswinds, large trucks
going by. and rough roads are a few
reasons why you’ll need the right hitch.
Here are some rules to follow:
Will you have to make any holes in
the body of your vehicle when you
install a trailer hitch? If you do, then
be sure to seal the holes later when
you remove the hitch. If you don't
seal them, deadly carbon monoxide
(CO) from your exhaust can get into
your vehicle (see "Carbon Monoxide"
in the Index). Dirt and water can, too.
0 The bumpers on your vehicle are not
intended for hitches. Do not attach
rental hitches or other bumper-type
hitches to them. Use only a
frame-mounted hitch that does not
attach to the bumper.
Safety Chains
Trailer Brakes
You should always attach chains between
your vehicle and your trailer.Cross the
safety chains under the tongue of the
trailer so that the tongue will not drop to
the road if it becomes separated from the
hitch. Instructions about safety chains
may be provided by the hitch
manufacturer or by the trailer
manufacturer. Follow the manufacturer's
recommendation for attaching safety
chains. Always leave just enough slack so
you can turn with your rig. And, never
aJlow safety chains to drag on the ground.
If your trailer weighs more than 1,000
pounds (450 kg) loaded, then it needs its
own brakes - and they must be adequate.
Be sure to read and follow the instructions
for the trailer brakes so you'll be able to
install, adjust and maintain them properly.
Because you have anti-lock brakes, do
not try to tap into your vehicle's brake
system. If you do, both brake systems
won't work well, or at all.
Driving with a Trailer
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount
of experience. Before setting out for the
open road, you'll want to get to know
your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel
of handling and braking with the added
Your Driving and the Road
weight of the trailer. And always keep in
mind that the vehicle you are driving is
now a good deal longer and not nearly so
responsive as your vehicle is by itself,
Before you start, check the trailer hitch
and platform, safety chains, electrical
connector, lights, tires and mirror
adjustment. If the trailer has electric
brakes, start your vehicle and trailer
moving and then apply thetrailer brake
controller by hand to be sure the brakes
are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally tobe
sure that the load is secure, and that the
lights and any trailer brakes are still
working.
178
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the
vehicle ahead as you would when driving
your vehicle withouta trailer. This can
help you avoid situations that require
heavy braking and sudden turns.
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up
ahead when you’re towing a trailer. And,
because you’re a good deal longer, you’ll
need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle beforeyou can return to
your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel
with one hand. Then, to move the trailer
to the left, just move that hand to the left.
To move the trailer to the right, move
your hand to the right. Always back up
slowly and, if possible, have someone
guide you.
Making Turns
When you’re turning with a trailer, make
wider turns than normal. Do this so your
trailer won’t strike soft shoulders, curbs,
road signs, trees, or other objects. Avoid
jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well in
advance.
Driving on Grades
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you towa trailer, your vehicle has toReduce speed and shift toa lower gear
before you start downa long or steep
have a different turn signal flasher and
downgrade. If you don’t shift down,you
extra wiring. The green arrowson your
instrument panel will flash whenever you might have to use your brakesso much
that they would get hot and no longer
signal a turn or lane change. Properly
hooked up, the trailer lights will also flash, work well.
telling other drivers you’re about turn,
to
On a long uphill grade, shift down and
change lanes or stop.
reduce your speedto around 45 mph
When towinga trailer, the green arrows on(70 km/h) to reduce the possibilityof
your instrument panel will flash for turns engine and transmission overheating.
even if the bulbs on the trailer are burned
out. Thus, you may think drivers behind
you are seeing your signal when theyare
not. It’s important to check occasionally to
be sure the trailer bulbs are still working.
If you are towing a trailer and you
have an automatic transmission with
Overdrive, you may prefer to drive in D
instead of Overdrive (or, asyou need to,
a lower gear). Or, if you have a manual
transmission with fifth (or sixth) gear
and you are towinga trailer, it’s better
not to use fifth (or sixth)gear. Just drive
in fourth gear (fifth gearif you have
a six-speed manual transmission)
(or, as you need to, a lower gear.
Your Driving and the Road
Parking on Hills
You really should not park your vehicle,
with a trailer attached, on a hill. If
something goes wrong, your rig could
start to move. People can be injured, and
both your vehicle and the trailer can be
Idamaged.
180
But if you ever have to park your rig on a
hill, here's how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don't
shift into P (Park) yet, or into gear for
a manual transmission.
2. Have someone place chocks under the
trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place,
release the regularbrakes-until the
chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then
apply your parking brake, and then
shift to P (Park), or R (Reverse) for
a manual transmission.
5. Release the regular brakes.
When You Are Ready to Leave after
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold
the pedal down while you:
0 Startyourengine;
0 Shift into a gear; and
0 Releasetheparkingbrake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear
of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and
store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often
when you're pulling a trailer. See the
Maintenance Schedule for more on this.
Things that are especially important in
trailer operation are automatic
transmission fluid (don't overfill), engine
oil, axle lubricant. belts. cooling system,
and brake adjustment. Each of these is
covered in this manual, and the Index will
help you find them quickly. If you're
trailering, it's a good idea to review these
sections before you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch
nuts and bolts are tight.
' Notes
Part 5
rroblems on the Road
P
H e r e you’ll find what to do about
some problems that can occur on
the road.
HazardWarning Flashers .............................................
184
JumpStarting ......................................................
185
Towing Your Vehicle ................................................
190
EngineOverheating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
If a Tire Goes Flat ..................................................
204
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow .............................. 215
Problems on the Road
1
A
Hazard Warning
Flashers
Your hazard warning flashers let you
warn others. They also let police know
you have a problem. Your front and rear
turn signal lights will flash on and off.
Press the button in to make your fronl and
rear turn signal lights flash on and off.
Your hazard warning flashers work no
matter what position your key is in, and
even if the key isn‘t in.
To turn off the flashers. pull out on the
collar.
When the hazard warning tlashers are on,
your turn signals won’t work.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry retlective triangles, you can
set one up at the side of the road about
300 feet (100 m > behind your vehicle.
... 184
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may
want to use another vehicle and some
jumper cables to start your Chevrolet. But
please follow the steps below to do it
safely.
A
Batteries can hurt you. They
cm be dangerous because:
0 They contain acid that can
burn you.
They contain gas that can
explode or ignite.
They containenough
electricity to burn you.
you don’t follow these steps
taclly, some or all of these things
c m hurl you.
Ignoring these steps could result i n
cosily damage to your vehicle that
.
wouldn’l : covered by your
warrant)
Trying to start your Chevrolet bl
pushing or pulling it could dama
your vehicle. even if you have a
manual transmission. And if you
have an automatic transmission, it
won’t slart that way.
Problems an the Road
To Jump Start Your Chevrolet:
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the
a 12-volt battery with a negative
ground system.
11
NOTICE:
tne otner system Isn’t a lz-vo~t
--/stem with a negative ground, botn
Yzhiclescan be damaged.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles,
Turn off all lights that aren’t needed,
and radios. This will avoid sparks and
help save both batteries. And it could
save your radio!
jumper cables can reach, but be sure
the vehicles aren’t touching each
other. If they are, it could cause a
ground connection you don’t want.
You wouldn’t be able to start your
Chevrolet, and the bad grounding
could damage the electrical systems.
lr
r
’WTION:
NOTICE:
II
~ _ _ _ _
rou cows De rnJurea if the
4 vehicles roll. Set the parking
,,ake firmly on each vehicle. Put
an automatic transmission in
P (Park) or a manual transmission
in Neutral.
. . . 186
I
‘I
be badly damaged. The repairs
wouldn’tbecovered 1 your
warrar
I
A
,
Open the hoods and locate the
batteries.
CAUTION:
A
An electric fan can start up
even when the engine is not
running and can injure you. Keep
hands, clothing and tools away from
any underhood electric fan.
Find the positive (+) and negative (-)
terminals on each battery.
Using a match near a battery
can cause battery gas to
explode. People have been hurt
doing this, and some have been
blinded. Use a flashlight if you need
more light.
Be sure the battery has enough
water, You don’t need to add water
to the Delco Freedom@battery
installed in every new GM vehicle.
But if a battery has filler caps, be
sure the right amount of fluid is
there. If it is low, add water to take
care of that first. If you don’t,
explosive gas could be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can
burn you. Don’t get it on you. If
you accidentally get it in your eyes
or on your skin, flush the place
with water and get medical help
immediately.
Check that thejumper cables don’t
have loose or missing insulation. If
they do, you could get a shock. The
vehicles could be damaged, too.
Before you connect the cables, here
are some basic things you should
know. Positive (+) will go to positive
(+) and negative (-) will go to
negative (-) or a metal engine part.
Don’t connect (+) to (-) or you’ll get a
short that would damage the battery
and maybe other parts, too.
18799.
Problems an the Road
I
Fans or other movingengine
L parts can injure you badly.
eep your hands away from moving
-u-tsonce the engines are running.
6. Connect the red positive (+) cable to
7. Don't let the other end touch metal.
the positive (+) terminal of the vehicle
Connect it to the positive (+) terminal
of
the good battery. Usea remote
with the dead battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if the vehicle
positive (+) terminal if the vehicle
has one,
has one. But don't use the junction
block on your Chevrolet.
8. Now connect the black negative
(-)
cable to the good battery's negative
(-) terminal.
Don't let the other end touch anything
until the next step. The other end of
the negative cable doesn't go to the
dead battery. It goes to a heavy
unpainted metal part on the engine of
the vehicle with the dead battery.
9. Attach the cable at least 18 inches
(45 cm) away from the dead battery.
but not near engine parts that move.
The electrical connection is just as
good there, but the chance of sparks
getting back to the battery is much
less.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good
battery and run the engine for a
while.
11. Try to start the vehicle with the dead
battery.
If i t won't start after a few tries, it
Probably needs service.
12. Remove the cables in reverse order
to prevent electrical shorting. Take
care that they don't touch each other
or any other metal.
A. Heavy Metal Engine Part
B. GoodBattery
C. Dead Battery
Problems on the Road
A
le
=Towing Your Vehicle
Try to have a CM dealer or a professional
towing service tow yourChevrolet. The
usual towing equipment is a sling-type
(A) or a wheel-lift (B) or car carrier (C)
tow truck.
If your vehicle hasbeen changed or
modified since it was factory-new by
adding aftermarket items like fog lamps,
aero skirting, or special tires and wheels,
these instructions and illustrations may
not be correct.
Before you do anything, turn on the
hazard warning flashers.
190
When you call, tell the towing service:
0 That your vehicle cannot be towed
from the front or rear with sling-type
equipment.
That your vehicle has rear-wheel
drive.
0 The make, model, and year of your
vehicle.
Whether you can still move the shift
lever.
If there was an accident, what was
damaged.
When the towing service arrives, let the
tow operator know that this manual
contains detailed towing instructions and
illustrations. The operator may want to
see them.
1
TOhelp avoid injury to you or
others:
0 Never let passengers ride in a
vehicle that is being towed.
0 Never tow faster than safe or
posted speeds.
0 Never tow with damaged parts not
fully secured.
e Never get under your vehicle after
it has been lifted by the tow truck.
a Always use separate safety chains
on each side when towing a vehicle,
0 Never use “J” hooks. Use
T-hooks instead.
b
When your vehicle is being towed, have
the ignition key off. The steering wheel
should be clamped in a straight-ahead
position, with a clamping device designed
for towing service. Do not use the
vehicle’s steering column lock for this.
The transmission should be in Neutral
and the parking brake released.
Don’t have your vehicle towed on the rear
wheels, unless you must. If the vehicle
must be towed on therear wheels, don’t
EO more
than 35 mDh ( 5 5 kmh) or
I
Farther than 50 miles (80 km j or your
transmission will be damaged. If these
limits must be exceeded, then the rear
wheels have to be supported on a dolly.
I
.
CAUTION:
A vehicle can fall from a car
carrier if it isn’t properly
secured. This can cause a collision,
RA
I
Front Towing Hook-Ups
Attach T-hook chains to slots in frame
rearward of front wheels on both sides.
I
I
tightly secured with chains or steel
cables before it is transported.
Don’t use substitutes (ropes, leather
straps, canvas webbing, etc.) that
can be cut by sharp edges
underneath the towed vehicle.
Do not attach winch cables or
hooks to suspension components
en using car carrier equipment
I Always use T-hooks inserted in the
I
T-hook slots.
1
191
II
I
Problems on the Road
Attach a separate safety chain around
outboard end of each lower control arm.
Rear Towing Hook-Ups
not tow with sling-typc
Attach T-hook chains in front of rear
wheels in bottom of frame rail on both
sides.
equipment or fascia/fog light
damage will occu
Use wheel lift or car carrier
equipment. Additional ramping may
be required for car carrier equipment.
Use safety chains and wheel straps.
I
~
contact. To help avoid damage,install
a towing dolly and raise vehicleuntil
proper clearance is obtained between
the ground and/or wheel-lift equipment.
*
I
.
.
192
I
/I
to suspension compontllLa
using car carrier equipment.
I
c
Do not tow with sling-type
eauipment or rear bumDer valance
equipment. Additional ramping may
be required for car carrier equipment.
Use safety chains and wheel straps.
Engine Overheating
Attach a separate safety chain around
outboard end of the rear axle.
You will find a coolant temperature gage
on your Chevrolet's instrument panel.
You may also find a low coolant warning
light on your Chevrolet instrument panel.
NOTICE:
I
could damage a vehicle. Damage can
occur from both vehicle-to-ground
or vehicle-to-wheel-lift-equipment
To help avoid damage, install
g dolly and raise vehicle until
er clearance is obtained between
the ground and/or wheel-lift equipment.
193
9
Problems on the Road
If Steam Is Coming from Your Engine:
W 1 L d r - W
L U U I ILJN.'
Steam from an overheated engine canbum you badly, even if you just open
the hood. Stay away from the engine if you see or hear steam comingfrom
x. Just turn it off and get everyone away from the vehicleuntil it cools down.
Wait until there is no sign of steam or coolant before opening the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is overheated, the liquidsin it can catch
fire.You or others could be badly burned. Stop your engine if it overheats, and
get out of the vehicleuntil the engine is cool,
k
. . . 194
II
I
your engine catches fire because
you keep driving with no coolant,
your vehicle can be badly damaged
The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty.
11
I1F No Steam Is Coming from Your
Ehgine:
I1'you get the overheat warning but see or
h ear no steam, the problem may not be
tC)o serious. Sometimes the engine can get
a little too hot when you:
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
0 Stop after high speed driving.
a1 Idle for long periods in traffic.
a1 Tow a trailer.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop,
If you get the overheat warning with no
and
park your vehicle right away.
sign of steam, try this for a minute or so:
If there’s still no sign of steam, you can
1. If you have an air conditioner, turn it
idle the engine for two or three minutes
off.
while you’re parked, to see if the warning
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the
stops. But then, if you still have the
highest fan speed and open the
warning,
TURN OFF THE ENGINE
window as necessary.
AND GET EVERYONE OUT OF THE
3. Try to keep your engine under load (in VEHICLE until it cools down.
a drive gear where the engine runs
You may decide not to lift the hood but to
slower).
get service help right away.
If you no longer have the overheat
warning, you can drive. Just to be safe,
drive slower for about ten minutes. If the
warning doesn’t come back on, you can
drive normally.
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood,
here’s what you’ll see on the V6 engine:
1. Coolant recovery tank
2. Radiator pressure cap
3. Electric engine fan
Problems on the Road
I.
.. .
I
On the V8 engine you’ll see this:
1. Coolant recovery tank
2. Radiator pressure cap
3. Electric engine fans
If the coolant inside the coolant recovery
tank is boiling, don’t do anything else
until it cools down.
When it is cool, remove the coolant
recovery tank cap and look at the dipstick.
The coolant level shouldbe at or above
FULL COLD. If it isn’t, you may have
a leak in the radiator hoses, heater hoses,
An electric fan under the hood
radiator,
water pumpor somewhere else
L can start up even when the
system.
cooling
in
the
engine is not running andcan injure
you. Keep hands, clbthingand tools
away from any underhood electric
fan.
. . . 196
I
A
II
~
II
Heater and radiator hoses, and
L other engine parts, can be very
hot. Don’t touch them. If you do,
you can be burned.
Don’t run the engine if there is a
leak. If you run the engine, it could
lose all coolant. That could cause
an engine fire, and you could be
burned. Get any leak fixed before
you drive the vehicle.
I
eng~ witho
ru
tolar
.
-
-..
.
[f there seems to be no leak, check to see
f the electric engine fan is running. If the
:ngine is overheating, the fan should be
-unning. If it isn’t, your vehicle needs
iervice.
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Recovery Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but
the coolant level isn’t at or above FULL
COLD, add a 50/50 mixture of clean
water (preferably distilled) and a proper
antifreeze at the coolant recovery tank.
(See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for
more information about the proper
coolant mix.)
I
A Addingonlyplainwaterto
L your cooling system can be
dangerous. Plain
water, or some
other liquid like alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mix will.
Your vehicle’s coolant warning
system is set for the proper coolant
mix. With plain water or the wrong
mix, your engine could get too hot
but you wouldn’t get the overheat
warning. Your engine could catch
fire and you or others could be
burned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean
water and a proper antifreeze.
197-
I
Problems on the Road
I
and crack the engine, radiator,
heater core andother parts. Use the
recommended coolant.
When the coolant in the coolant recovery
tank is at or above FULL COLD, start
your vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues, there’s
one more thing you can try. You can add
the proper coolant mix directly to the
radiator, but be sure the cooling systemis
cool before you do it.
CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids
from a hot cooling system can
blow out and burn you badly. They
are under pressure, and if you turn
the radiator pressure cap- even a
little - they can come out at high
speed. Never turn the cap when the
cooling system, including the
radiator pressure cap, is hot. Wait
for the cooling system and radiator
pressure cap to coolif you ever
have to turn the pressure cap.
‘
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A
you
You can be burne4 if
spill
-Coolant
coolant on hot engine parts.
contains ethylene glycol
L
and it will burn if the engine parts
are hot enough. Don’t spill coolant
on a hot engine.
9.198
P
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator
(3.4LL32 (Code S ) Engine)
1. You can remove the radiator pressure
cap when the cooling system,
including the radiatorpressure cap and
upper radiator hose, isno longer hot.
Turn the pressure cap slowly to the
left until it first stops. (Don't press
down while turning the pressure cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop.
A hiss means there is still some
pressure left.
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap,
but now push down as you turn it.
Remove the pressure cap.
3. Fill the radiator with the proper mix,
up to the baseof the filler neck.
Problems on the Road
1
i
. A
4. Then fill the coolant recovery tank to
FULL COLD.
5. Put the cap back on the coolant
recovery tank, but leave the radiator
pressure cap off.
6. Start the engine and let it run until
you can feel the upper radiator hose
0
. . . 200
getting hot. Watch out for the engine
fan( s).
By this time the coolant level inside
the radiator filler neck may be lower.
If the level is lower, add more of the
proper mix through the filler neck
until the level reaches the base of the
filler neck.
m
.
7. Then replace the pressure cap. Be sure Hom7to Add Coolant to the Radiator
the arrows on the pressure cap line up (5.7L LTl (Code P) Engine)
like this.
'he
II
1 engine(Code P) ha
;pecmc radiator fill procedure.
%lure to follow this procedure
1. You can remove the radiator pressure
cap when the cooling system,
including the radiator pressure cap and
upper radiator hose, is no longer hot.
Turn the pressure cap slowly to the
left until it first stops. (Don't press
down while turning the pressure cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop.
A hiss means there is still some
pressure left.
201
-
Problems on the Road
-4
"sl
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I
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap,
but now push down as you turn it.
Remove the pressure cap.
L
1
You can be burned if you spill
coolant on hot engine parts.
,oolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts
are hot enough. Don't spill coolant
on a hot engine.
I
11
I
3. After the engine cools, open the air
bleed valves on the heater return hose
and water pump inlet.
.
202
4. Fill with the proper mix. Add coolant
until you see a steady stream of
coolant coming. from the bleed valves.
5. Close the bleed valves.
A
6. Continue to fill the radiator up to the
base of the filler neck.
7. Rinse or wipe the spilled coolant from
the engine and compartment.
8. Start the engine and allow it to run in
idle for approximately four minutes.
By this time, the coolant level inside
the radiator will be lower. Add more
of the proper mix through the filler
neck until the level reaches the base
of the filler neck.
203
9
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Problems on the Road
1
F
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If a Tire Goes Flat
9. Shut the engine off and replace the
pressure cap. Be sure the arrows on
the cap line up like this.
10. Then fill the coolant recovery tank
to the proper level.
For a complete drain. flush and refill, see
your Chevrolet dealer or a Chevrolet
Carnaro Service Manual. To purchase
a service manual, see "Service
Publications" in the Index.
It's unusual for a tire to "blow out" while
you're driving, especially if you maintain
your tires properly.If air goes out of a
tire, it's much more likely to leak out
slowly. But if you should ever have a
"blowout," here are a few tips about what
to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create
a drag that pulls the vehicle toward that
side. Take your foot off theaccelerator
pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, then
gently brake to a stop well out of the
traffic lane.
’
I Changing a Flat lire
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve,
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage by driving slowly to a level
acts much like a skid and may require the place. Turn on your hazard warning flashers.
same correction you’duse in-a skid. In
any rear blowout, remove your foot from
CAUTION:
the accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle
A Changing a tire can cause an injury. The vehicle can slip off the jack and roll
under control by steering the way you
over you or other people. You and they could be badly injured. Find a level
want the vehicle to go. It may be very
place to ccange your tire. To help prevent the vehicle from moving:
bumpy and noisy, but you canstill steer.
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
Gently brake to a stop, well off the road if
possible.
2. Put the shift lever in P (Park).
If your tire goes flat, the next section
3. Shift a manual transmission to 1 (First) or R (Reverse).
shows how to use yourjacking equipment
4. Turn off the engine.
to change a flat tire safely.
To be even more certain the vehicle won’t move, you can put chocks at the front
and rear of the tire farthest away from the one being changed. That would be tht
tire on the other side of the vehicle, at the opposite end.
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205
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=
Problems on the Road
The following steps will tell you how to
use the jack and change a tire.
The equipment you'll need is in the rear
area.
Find the plastic screw heads in the trim
panel over the spare tire. Use a coin or a
key to turn the screw heads until the slots
point front and back. Lift the trim panel
and move it out of the way,
... 206
If you have speakers in the trim panel,
the speaker wire should belong enough
to remove the trim panel without
disconnecting the wire.
To remove the jack and wheel wrench,
loosen andremove the bolt and remove the
plastic cover.
A.
Remove the wing nut and adapter and
pull out the spare.
Start with the jack (A) and wheel wrench
(B).
The jack has a bolt at the end. Attach the
wheel wrench to the jack bolt.
Turn the wheel wrench to the right to
raise the lift head a little.
I
Problems on the Road
H
If your wheel has a center cap,pry it off
using the wheel wrench.
208
If your vehicle has a bolt-on wheel cover,
loosen the plastic caps using the wheel
wrench and remove the wheel cover.
If your vehicle has optional alloy wheels,
each wheel may have one locknut in place
of the standard wheel nut. A special wheel
lock key (removal tool) and instructions
are located in the center console. Attach
the wheel lock key to the socket of the
wheel wrench. Remove the locking wheel
nut by turning counterclockwise.
Using the wheel wrench, loosen all the
wheel nuts. Don't remove them yet.
Position the jack under the vehicle. There Stay away from the moldings or fender
is a notch in the vehicle's rocker flange.
flanges to avoid damaging them.
Raise the jack head until it fits firmly into
the notch nearest the flat tire.
'
Getting under a vtmicle when IL
is jacked up is dangerous. If the
vehicle slips off the jack, you could
be badly injured or killed. Never get
under a vehicle when it is supported
onlv bv a iack.
209
.
Problems on the Road
Raising your vehicle with the jack
improperly positioned will damage
the vehicle or may allow the vehicIe
to fall off the jack. Be sure to fit
the jack lift head into the proper
location before raising your vehicle.
I-
210
Raise the vehicle by rotating the wheel
wrench clockwise. Raise the vehicle far
mough off the ground so there is enough
room for the spare tire to fit.
Remove all the wheel nuts and take off
the flat tire.
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Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on
the parts to which it is fastened,
can make the wheel nuts become
loose after a time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident.
When you change a wheel, remove
any rust or dirt from the places
where the wheel attaches to the
vehicle. In an emergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do
this; but be sure to use a scraper or
wire brush later, if you need to, to
get all the rust or dirt off.
IRemove any rust or dirt from the wheel
13olts, mounting surfaces or spare wheel.
1Place the spare on the wheel mounting
!surfxe.
Replace the wheel nuts with the roundec-1
end of the nuts toward the wheel. Tighten
each nut by hand until the wheel is held
against the hub.
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Never use oil or grease on
studs or nuts. If you do, the
nuts might come loose. Your wheel
could fall off, causing a serious
accident.
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211
Problems on the Road
,
.:
il
Lower the vehicle by rotating the wheel Tighten the wheel nuts firmly in a
wrench counterclockwise. Lower thejack criss-cross sequence as shown.
completely.
CAUTION:
Don't try to put a wheel cover on your
compact spare tire. It won't fit. Store the
wheel cover in the rear area until you
have the flat tire repaired or replaced.
NOTICE:
,A
improperly tightened wheel
II
nuts can cause the wheel to become
loose and even come off. This could
lead to an accident. Be sure to use
the correct wheel nuts. If you have
to replace them, be sure to get the
right kind.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can
and have the nuts tightened with a
torque wrench to 100 pound-feet
( 140 Nmm).
l
-elcovers won't
fit on your
:ompact spare. If you try to put a
wheel cover on your compact si re,
you could damage the werthe
spare.
Il
Replace the jack, wheel wrench and flat
tire using the storage instructions. When
you replace the trim panel, be sure to tuck
it under the weatherstrip.
1. TrimPanel
2. Bolt
3. Cover
J
4. Jack
5. Wing Nut
6. Adapter
7. Compact Spare Tire
8. Full-SizeTire
9. CarpetFlap
IO. Tire Storage Bolt
2
Problems on the Road
Compact Spare
I I
, Storing aJacK, a tlre or otner
4
equipment in the passenger
Ldmpartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or
collision, loose equipment could
strike someone. Store all thesein the
proper place.
I
Although the compact spare was fully
inflated when your vehicle was new, it
can lose air after a time. Check the
inflation pressure regularly. It should be
60 psi (420 kPa). The compact spare is
made to go up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km),
so you can finish your trip and have your
full-size tire repaired or replaced where
you want. Of course, it’s best to replace
your spare with a full-size tire as soon as
you can. Your spare will last longer and
be in good shape in case you need it
again.
NOTICE:
l r tne compact spare 1s use0 as a
rear tire, do not drive faster than
50 mph (80 km/h). Damage to the
rear axle may occur if the compac
snare is driven faster than 50 mnh
( 0 km/h). This speed limitatia
does not apply when the COI
ware is used as a front tire.
w
Don’t take your
compact spare
through an automatic car wash with
guide rails. The compact spare can
get caught on the rails. That can
damage the tire and wheel, and
maybe other parts of yourvehicl
Don‘t use your compact spare on some
other vehicle.
And don‘t mix your compact spare or
wheel with other wheels or tires. They
won‘t fit. Keep your spare and its wheel
together.
rire chains won’t fit your CI
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If You’re Stuck: In
Sand, Mud, Ice or
Snow
What you don’t want to do when your
vehicle is stuck is to spin your wheels.
The method known as “rocking” can help
you get out when you’re stuck, but you
must use caution.
Problems on the Road
I
I
If you let your tires spin at high
\ speed, they can explode and
you or others could be injured. And,
the transmissionor other partsof the
vehiclecanoverheat.Thatcould
cause an engine compartment fire or
other damage. When you’re stuck,
spin the wheels as littleas possible.
Don’t spin the wheels above 35 mph
(55 km/h) as shown on the
speedometer.
... 216
Rocking your vehicle to get it out:
III
Spinning your wheels can destroy
parts of your vehicle as well as the
.ires. If you spin the wheels too fast
Nhile shifting your transmission
aack and forth, you can destro!,
your transmission.
First, turn your steering wheel left and
right. That will clear the area around your
front wheels. Then shift back and forth
between R (Reverse) and a forward gear
(or with a manual transmission, between
First or Second gear and Reverse),
spinning the wheels as little as possible.
Release the accelerator pedal whileyou
shift, and press lightly onthe accelerator
pedal when the transmission isin gear. If
that doesn’t getyou out after a few tries,
you may need to be towed out.If you do
need to be towed out, see “Towing Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
Part b
Service & Appearance Care
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Checking Things under the Hood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223
HoodRelease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .223
226
Engineoil ......................................................
230
Aircleaner .....................................................
Automatic Transmission Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233
H e r e you will find information
Manual Transmission Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235
Hydraulicclutch ................................................
237
about the careof your Chevrolet.
......................................................
237
RearAxle
This part begins with service and
Enginecoolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .238
fuel information. and thenit shows
242
Power Steering Fluid .............................................
how to check important fluidand
243
Windshield Washer Fluid ..........................................
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244
Brake
Master
Cylinder
lubricant levels. There is also
Battery
........................................................
246
technical information about your
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247
Bulb
Replacement
vehicle. and a section devoted to Loading YourVehicle ..............................................
255
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its appearance care
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .256
Appearancecare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265
Appearance Care and Maintenance Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275
Service Parts Identification Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275
Add-on Electrical Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275
FusesandCircuitBreakers ..........................................
276
ReplacementBulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279
Capacities and Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 280
217
Service & Appearance Care
1
Service
Your Chevrolet dealer knows your vehicle
best and wants you to be happy with it.
We hope you’ll go to your dealer for all
your service needs. You’ll get genuine
GM parts and GM-trained and supported
service people.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM
vehicle all GM. Genuine GM parts have
one of these marks.
Doing Your Own Service Work
If you want to do some of your own
service work, you’ll want to get the
proper Chevrolet Service Manual. It tells
you much more about how to service your
Chevrolet than this manual can. To order
the proper service manual, see
“Service Publications” in the Index.
You should keep a record with all parts
receipts and list the mileage and the date
of any service work you perform. See
“Maintenance Record” in the Index.
You can be injured if you try to
L do service work on a vehicle
hout knowing enough about it.
Be sure you have sufficient
knowledge, experience, and the
proper replacement parts and
tools before you attempt any
vehicle maintenance task.
Be sure to use the proper nuts,
bolts and other fasteners.
“English and “metric’”
fasteners can be easily
confused. If you use the wrong
fasteners, parts can later break
or fall off. You couId be hurt.
NOTICE:
Fuel
The 8th digit of your Vehicle
Identification Number (VIN) shows
the code letter for your engine. You will
find the VIN at the top leftof your
instrument panel. (See “Vehicle
Identification Number” in the Index.)
3.4L L32 (Code S)
Use regular unleaded gasoline rated at
87 octane or higher. It should meet
specifications ASTM D4814 in the U.S.
and CGSB 3.5-92 in Canada. These fuels
should have the proper additives, so you
should not have to add anything to the
fuel.
In the U.S. and Canada, it’s easy to be
sure you get the right kind of gasoline
(unleaded). You’ll see UNLEADED right
In the pump. And only unleaded nozzles
will fit into your vehicle’s filler neck.
Be sure the posted octane is at least 87.
:f the octane is less than 87, you may get
sl heavy knocking noise when youdrive.
If it’s bad enough, it can damage your
engine.
If you’re using fuel rated at 87 octane or
higher and youstill hear heavy knocking,
your engine needs service. But don’t
worry if you hear a little pinging noise
when you’re accelerating or driving up a
hill. That’s normal, and you don’t have to
buy a higher octane fuel to get rid of
pinging. It’s the heavy, constant knock
that means you have a problem.
Service & Appearance Care
5.7L LT1 (Code P)
Be sure the posted octane for premiumis
Use premium unleaded gasoline rated
at at least 91 (at least89 for middle grade
91 octaneor higher. You may use middle and 87 for regular).If the octaneis less
grade or regular unleaded gasolines, but than 87,you may geta heavy knocking
noise when you drive. If it’s bad enough,
your vehicle may not accelerateas well.
it can damage your engine.
The gasoline you use should meet
specifications ASTM D48 14 in theU.S. If you’re using fuel rated at 91 octane
or
and CGSB 3.5-92 in Canada. These fuels higher and you still hear heavy knocking,
should have the proper additives,so you your engine needs service. But don’t
should not have to add anything to the worry if you heara little pinging noise
when you’re acceleratingor driving up a
fuel.
hill. That’s normal and you don’t have to
In the U.S. and Canada, it’s easyto be
sure you get the right kind of gasoline buy a higher octane fuel to get rid of
(unleaded). You’ll seeUNLEADED right pinging. It’s the heavy, constant knock
on the pump. And only unleaded nozzles that means you havea problem.
will fit into your vehicle’s filler neck.
=
220
All Engines
What about gasoline with blending
materials that contain oxygen, suchas
MTBE or alcohol?
MTBE is “methyl tertiary-butyl ether.”
Fuel that is no more than 15% MTBE is
fine for your vehicle.
Ethanol is ethylor grain alcohol.
Properly-blended fuel that is no more
than 10% ethanol is fine for your vehicle.
Methanol is methyl or wood alcohol.
I
NOTICE:
I
rue1 mat is more than 3% metha
is bad for your vehicle. Don’t useit.
It can corrode metal parts
in your
fuel system andalso damage plastic
and rubber parts. That damage
wouldn’t be covered
under
your
rranty. And even at 5% or less,
there must be “cosolvents” and
corrosion preventers in this fuelto
help avoid these problems.
C
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Gasolines for Cleaner Air
Your use of gasoline with detergent
In addition, some gasoline suppliers are
now producing reformulated gasolines.
additives will help prevent deposits from These gasolines are specially designed to
forming in your engine and fuel system. reduce vehicle emissions. General Motors
That helps keep your engine in tune and recommends that you use reformulated
gasoline. By doing so, you can help clean
your emission control system working
properly. It’s good for your vehicle, and the air, especiallyin those parts of the
you’ll be doing your part for cleaner air. country that have high ozone levels.
You should ask your service station
Many gasolines are now blended with
if their gasolines contain
operators
materials called oxygenates. General
detergents
and oxygenates, and if they
Motors recommends that you use
gasolines with these blending materials, have been reformulated to reduce vehicle
such as MTBE and ethanol. By doing so, emissions.
you can help clean the air, especiallyin
those parts of the country that have high
carbon monoxide levels.
221
Service & Appearance Care
I
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto Filling Your Tank
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country club, or contact a major oil company that
outside theU.S. or Canada, unleaded fuel does business in the country where you’ll
be driving.
may be hard to find. Do not use leaded
Gasoline vaporis highly
You can also writeus at the following
gasoline. If you use even one tankful,
flammable. It burns violently,
your emission controls won’t work well address for advice. Just tell
us where
and that can cause very bad injuries.
or at all. With continuous use, spark plugs you’re going and give your Vehicle
Don’t smoke if you’re near gasoline
Identification Number (VIN).
can get fouled, the exhaust system can
or refueling your vehicle. Keep
corrode, and your engine oil can
General Motors of Canada Ltd.
, sparks,flames, and smoking
deteriorate quickly. Your vehicle’s oxygen International Export Sales
materials away from gasoline.
sensor will be damaged.All of that means P.O.Box 828
costly repairs that wouldn’t be covered
by Oshawa, Ontario L1H 7N1
The cap is behind a hinged door
on the
Canada
your warranty.
left sideof your vehicle.
C
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L.
222
I‘
Checking Things under
the Hood
To take off the cap, turn it slowly to the When you put the cap back on, turn it to
left (counterclockwise).
the right untilyou hear a clicking noise.
Hood Release
I A
If you get gasoline on you and
then something ignites it, you
could be badlyburned. Gasoline can
spray outon you if you open the
fuel filler cap too quickly. This
spray can happen if your tank is
nearly full, and is more likely in hot
weather. Open the fuel filler cap
slowly and wait for any “hiss” noise
to stop. Then unscrew the capall the
way.
1
_____1
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I
If you need a new
cap, to get
the right type.Your dealer can get
one for you. If you get the wrong
type, it may not fit and your fuel
tank and emissions system might
be
damaged.
To open the hood, first pull the handle
inside the vehicle.
be
sure
~
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223
9
9
9
Service 8t Appearance Care
c
Then go to the front of the vehicle and
pull up on the hood release.
I
I
Lift the hood.
I CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood
can start up and injure you
even when the engine is not
running. Keep hands, clothing and
tools away from any underhood
* xtric fan.
224
Y
3.4L L32 (Code S )
When you open the hood you'll see.
1. Battery
2. Engine Coolant Reservoir
3. Engine Oil Dipstick
4. Automatic Transmission Dipstick
(if equipped)
5. Air Cleaner
6. Oil Fill Cap
7. Brake Fluid Reservoir
8. Power Steering Reservoir
9. Windshield Washer Reservoir
10. Engine Fan
11. Clutch Fluid Reservoir (if equipped)
I
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1
f
When you open the hood you'll see:
1. Battery
2. Engine Coolant Reservoir
3. Engine Oil Dipstick
4. Automatic Transmission Dipstick
(if equipped)
5. Air Cleaner
6. Oil Fill Cap
7 . .Brake Fluid Reservoir
8, Power Steering Reservoir
9. Windshield Washer Reservoir
10. Engine Fans
11. Clutch Fluid Reservoir (if equipped)
II
I
Things that burn can get on hot
b engine parts and start a fire.
mese include liquids like gasoline,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield
washer and other fluids, and plastic
or rubber. You or others could be
burned. Be careful not to drop or
spill things that willburn onto a hot
ennine.
Before closing thehood, be sure all the
filler caps are on.
Then just pull the hood down and close it
firmly.
1
Service & Appearance Care
Engine Oil
3.4L L32 (Code S)
It's a good idea to check your engine oil
every time you get fuel. In order to get an
accurate reading, the oil must be warm
and the vehicle must be on level ground,
.
=
226
5.7L LTl (Code P)
Turn off the engine and give the oil afew
minutes to drain back into the oil pan. If
you don't, the oil dipstick might not show
the actual level.
To Check Engine Oil
(3.4L L32
(Code S) Engine)
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a
paper towel or cloth, then push it back in
all the way. Remove it again, keeping the
tip lower.
5.7L LT1 (Code P)
3.4L L32 (Code S:
Just fill it enough to put the level
somewhere in the proper operating range.
Push the dipstick all the way back in
when you’re through.
When to Add Oil:
To Check Engine Oil
(5.7LLT1 (Code P)Engine)
If the oil is at or below the ADD line, then
you’ll need to add some oil. But you must
use the right kind. This section explains
what kind of oil to use. For crankcase
capacity, see “Capacities and
Specifications” in the Index.
Pull out the dipstick slightly. Pinch the
end of the dipstick tube as you remove
the dipstick to wipe the oil from it. Then
push it all the way back in. Now remove
it without pinching the tube, keeping the
tip lower.
11 NOTICE:
U U l l 1 auu L U U IIIULII u11. 11
I
I
ywul
engine has so much oil that the oil
level gets above the cross-hatched
area that shows the proper operating
range, you
damaged.
I
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227
9
Service & Appearance Care
Recommended SAE Viscosity
Grade Engine Oils
For best fuel economy and cold starting,
select the lowestSAE viscosity grade oil
for the expected temperature range.
I
HOT
WEATHER
LOOK
FOR THIS
LABEL
What Kind of Oil to Use:
Look for three things:
SG
SG must be on the oil container, either
by itself or combined with other
quality designations, suchas SG/CC,
SG/CD, SF, SG, CC, etc. These
letters show American Petroleum
Institute (API) levels of quality.
SAE 1OW-30
SAE !?W-30
PREFERRED
I
I
NVIIC't:
If you use oils that don't havethe
SG designation,
you
can
cause
engine
damage
not
covered
by yc
warranty.
228
WEATHER
IF NEITHER SAE 5W-30 NOR SAE 1OW-30
GRADE OILS ARE
AVAILABLE,
SAE
30 GRADE
MAY BE USED AT T
\TURES ABOVE
40 DEGREES F (4 DLY..LLV C).
DO NOT USE SAE lOW-40, M E 2OW-50 OR
ANY OTHER GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED.
SAE 5W-30
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE
5W-30 is best for your vehicle.
However, you can use SAE 1OW-30 if
it's going tobe 0°F (-18°C) or above.
These numbers on an oil container
show its viscosity, or thickness.Do
not use other viscosity oils suchas
SAE 1OW-40or SAE 20W-50.
EnergyConserving I1
Oils with these words on the container
will help you save fuel.
This doughnut-shaped logo (symbol) is
used on most oil containers to help you
select the correct oil.
You should look for this on the oil
When to Change Engine Oil:
container, and use only those oils that
See if any one of these is truefor you:
display the logo.
0 Most trips are less than 4 miles (6
GM Goodwrench@oil (in Canada, GM
km).
Engine Oil) meets allthe requirements for
It’s below freezing outside and most
your vehicle.
trips are less than 10 miles (16 km).
The engine is at low speed most of the
Engine Oil Additives:
time (as in door-to-door delivery, orin
Don’t add anything to your oil. Your
stop-and-go traffic).
Chevrolet dealer is readyto advise if you
0 You tow a trailer often.
think something shouldbe added.
0 Most trips are through dusty places.
If any one of these is true for your
vehicle, then you need to change your oil
and filter every 3,000 miles ( 5 000 km)
or 3 months - whichever comes first.
If none of them is true, change the oil
every 7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12
months - whichever comes first. Change
the filterat the first oil change and at
every other oil change after that.
Engine Block Heater:
An engine block heater can bea big help
if you have to park outside in very cold
weather, 0 OF (- 1 8 C) or colder.If your
vehicle has this option, see “Engine Block
Heater’’ in the Index.
O
Service & Appearance Care
I
air Cleaner
What to Do with Used Oil:
-
tefer to the Maintenance Schedule to
Used oil can be a real threat
to the
environment. If you change your own oil, letermine whento replace theair filter.
be sure to drain all free-flowing oil from iee “Scheduled Maintenance Services’’ in
the filter before disposal. Don’t ever
he Index.
dispose of oil by putting it in the trash,
pouring it on the ground, into sewers, or
into streams or bodiesof water. Instead,
recycle itby taking it to a place that
collects used oil. If youhave a problem
properly disposingof your used oil, ask
or a local
your dealer, a service station
recycling center for help.
Us& engine oil contains things
L
that have mused skin cancer in
laboratory
animals. Don’t let used
oil stay on your skin for very long.
Clean your skin and nails with soap
and water, or a good hand cleaner.
Wash or properly throw away
clothing or rags containing used
engine oil.
I
. . . 230
3.4L L32 (Code S)
IL A u I IUIV.’
Operating the engine with the
, air cleaner off can cause you or
others tobe burned. The air cleaner
not only cleans the air, it stops flame
if the engine backfires.If it isn’t
you
there, and the engine backfires,
could be burned. Don’t drive with it
off, and be careful working on the
engine with theair cleaner off.
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m
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I
If the air cleaner isoff, a backfire
can cause a damaging engine fire.
And, dirt can easily get into your
engine, which will damage i+
Always have the air c1-n-r
when you’re driving.
Air Filter Replacement
To remove theair filter:
1. Remove the two plastic pinsby
pulling them straight up.
m
231
-
Service & Appearance Care
2. Disconnect the plastic clamp on the
duct. Pull apart the connection.
m
m
.
232
3. Pull the air cleaner straight up.
Unclamp the metal clips.
4. Open the air cleaner and remove the
filtcr.
Automatic Transmission Fluid
When to Check and Change:
A good time to check your automatic
transmission fluid level is when the
engine oil is changed. Refer to the
Maintenance Schedule to determine when
to change your fluid. See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services” in the Index.
How to Check:
Because this operation can be a little
difficult, you may choose to have this
done at a Chevrolet dealership Service
Department.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all
the instructions here, or you could get a
false reading on the dipstick.
damage your transmission. Too
much can mean that some of thr
fluid could come out and fall on hc
~.: engine parts, starting a fire. Be sure
to get an accurate reading if you
check your transmission fluid.
~“*
~,
\-
%it at least 30 minutes before checking
he transmission fluid level if you have
>eendriving:
D When outside temperatures are above
90°F (32°C).
At high speed for quite a while.
0 In heavy traffic - especially in hot
weather.
While pulling a trailer.
~
To get the right reading, the fluid should
be at normal operating temperature,
which is 180°F to 200°F (82°C to 93°C).
To check transmission fluid hot: Get
the vehicle warmed up by driving
about 15 miles (24 km) when outside
temperatures are above 50°F (10OC). If
it’s colder than 50°F (lO”C), drive the
vehicle in D (Third Gear) until the engine
temperature gage moves and then remains
steady for ten minutes. Then follow the
hot check procedures.
To check transmission fluid cold: A cold
check is made after the vehicle has been
sitting for eight hours or more with the
engine off and is used only as a reference.
Let the engine run at idle for five minutes
233
= =
Service & Appearance Care
A
3
5.7L LTl (Code P)
3.4L L32 (Code S)
if outside temperatures are 50°F (10°C)
or more. If it's colder than 50°F (lO°C),
you may have to idle the engine longer.
A hot check must follow when fluid is
added during a cold check.
To check the fluid hotor cold:
0 Park your vehicle on a level place.
0
0
Place the shift lever in P (Park) with
the parking brake applied.
With your foot on the brake pedal,
move the shift lever through each gear
range, pausing for about three seconds
in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in P (Park).
Let the engine run at idle for three
minutes or more.
234
Then, without shuttingoff the engine,
follow these steps:
1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a
clean rag or paper towel.
2!. Push it back in all the way, wait three
seconds and then pull it backout
again.
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and
If the fluid level is low, add only enough
read the lower level. The fluid level of the proper fluid to bring the level upto
must be in the COLD area for a cold the COLD area for a cold check or the
check or in theHOT area or
HOT area for a hot check. It doesn’t take
cross-hatched area fora hot check.
much fluid, generally less thana pint.
4. If the fluid levelis where it should be, Don’t overfill. We recommend you use
push the dipstick back in all the way. only fluid labeled DEXRON@-IIE,
because fluids with that label are made
especially for your automatic
How to Add Fluid:
transmission. Damage causedby fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to
other than DEXRON@-IIE is not covered
determine what kind of transmission fluid by your new vehicle warranty.
to use. See “Recommended Fluids and
After adding fluid, recheck the fluid
Lubricants” in the Index.
level as described under “How to
Check.”
When the correct fluid level is
obtained, push the dipstick back in all
the way.
Manual Transmission Fluid
When to Check:
A good time to haveit checked is when
the engine oil is changed. However, the
fluid in your manual transmission doesn’t
require changing.
How to Check:
Because this operation can bea little
difficult, you may choose to have this
done at a Chevrolet dealership Service
Department.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all
the instructions here, oryou could get a
false reading.
235
9
Service & Appearance Care
~1 NOTICE:
I
l
100 mucn or too mtIe nula can
damage your transmission. Too
much can mean that some of the
fluid could come out and fall on hn
engine parts, starting a fire. Be s
to get an accurate reading if you
check your transmission fluid
Check the fluid level only when your
engine is off, the vehicle is parked on a
level place and the transmission is cool
enough for you to rest your fingers on the
transmission case.
... 236
l Then, follow these steps:
1. Remove the filler plug.
2. Check that the lubricant level is up to
the bottom of the filler plug hole.
3. If the fluid level is good, install the
plug and be sure it is fully seated. If
II the fluid level is low, add more fluid
as described in the next steps.
11
How to Add Fluid:
Here’s how to add fluid. Refer to the
Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of fluid to use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
1. Remove the filler plug.
2. Add fluid at the filler plug hole. Add
only enough fluid to bring the fluid
level up to the bottom of the filler
plug hole.
3. Install the filler plug. Be sure the plug
is fully seated.
II
A
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1
Rear Axle
Hydrauhc Clutcn
The hydraulic clutch in your vehicle is
self-adjusting.
When to Check and What to Use:
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to
determine how often you should check
the fluid level in your clutch master
cylinder reservoir and what to add. See
“Owner Checks and Services” and
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in
the Index.
How to Check:
The proper fluid should be added if the
level is below the STEP mark on the
reservoir. See the instructions on the
reservoir cap.
When to Check and Change Lubricant:
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to
determine how often to check the
lubricant and when to change it. See
“Periodic Maintenance Inspections” in
the Index.
How to Check Lubricant:
If the level is below the bottom of the
filler plug hole, you’ll needto add some
lubricant. Add enough lubricant to raise
the level to the bottom of the filler plug
hole.
237
Service & Appearance Care
Engine Coolant
What to Use:
Standard and Limited-Slip Differential
Use Axle Lubricant (GM Part No.
1052271) or SAE 8OW-90 GL-5 gear
lubricant.
The following explains your cooling
system and how to add coolant when it
is low. If you have a problem with
engine overheating or if you need to add
coolant to your radiator, see “Engine
Overheating” in the Index.
I
The proper coolant for your Chevrolet
will:
0 Give freezing protection down to
-34°F (-37°C).
0 Give boiling protection up to 262°F
(128°C).
0 Protect against rust and corrosion.
0 Help keep the proper engine
temperature.
0 Let the warning lights work as they
should.
What to Use:
Use a mixture of one-half clean water
(preferably distilled) and one-half
antifreeze that meets“GM Specification
1825M,” which won’t damage aluminum
parts. You can also use a recycled coolant
conforming to GM Specification 1825M
with a complete coolant flush and refill.
If you use this mixture, you don’t need to
add anything else.
Adding only plain water to
b your coding system can be
dangerous. Plain water, or some
other liquid like alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mix will.
Your vehicle’s coolant warning
system is set forthe proper
coolant
mix. With plain water or the wrong
mix, your engine could get too hot
but you wouldn’t get the overheat
warning. Your engine could catch
fire and YOU or others could be
burned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean
water and a proper antifreeze.
I
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I
If you use an improper coolant mix,
your engine could overheat and be
badly damaged. The repair cost
wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in 1mix can freeze and crack the engine,
radiator, heater core and other parts.
239
Service & Appearance Care
1
Adding Coolant
To Check Coolant: When your engine is
cold, check the dipstick onthe cap of the
coolant recovery tank. The coolant level
should be at FULL COLD, or a little
higher. When yourengine is warm, the
level on the dipstick should be upto
FULL HOT, or a little higher.
9
240
If you have the 5.7L LTl (Code P) engine To Add Coolant to the Recovery Tank:
If you need more coolant, add the proper
and this light comes on, it means you’re
mix at the coolant recovery tank, but
low on engine coolant.
only when your engine is cool. If the tank
is very low or empty, also add coolant to
the radiator. See “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
Turning the radiator pressure
cap when the engine and
radiator are hot can allow steamand
scalding liquids to blow out and
burn you badly. Never turn the
pressure cap -even alittle when the engine and radiator are
,dd coolant mix at the recovery tank, but Radiator Pressure Cap(All Engines)
e careful not to spill it.
L
NOTICE:
I
CAU TION:
Your radiator capis a 18 psi
~
I
You can be burned if you spill
coolant on hot engine parts.
Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burnif the engine parts
are hot enough. Don’t spill coolant
on a hot engine.
(124 kPa) pressure-type capand
must be tightly installed to prevent
coolant loss and possible engine
damage from overheating. Be sure
the arrows on the cap line up with
the ovefflow tube on the radiator
filler neck.
Service & Appearance Care
3.4L L32 (Code S)
When you replace your radiator pressure
cap. an AC3 cap is recommended.
Thermostat
Engine coolant temperature is controlled
by a thermostat in the engine coolant
system. The thermostat stops the flow of
coolant through the radiator until the
coolant reaches a preset temperature.
When you replace your thermostat, an
AC@thermostat is recommended.
Power Steering Fluid
How to Check Power Steering Fluid:
Unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick
with a clean rag. Replace thecap and
completely tighten it. Then remove the
cap again and look at the fluid levelon
the dipstick.
;.,,
5.7L LTl (Code P)
0
0
Windsmeld Washer Fluid
When the engine compartment is hot,
the level should be at the H mark.
When the engine compartment is cool,
the level should be at the C mark.
What to Add:
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to
determine what kind of fluid to use. See
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in
the Index.
11
To Add:
Open the cap labeledWASHER FLUID
ONLY. Add washer fluid untilthe bottle
is full.
NOTICE:
t
When adding power steering fluid
or making a complete fluid change,
alwaysuse the properfluid.Failure
to use the proper fluid can cause
leaks and damage hoses and seals.
I
Service & Appearance Care
0
0
When using concentrated
washer fluid, follow the
manufacturer’s instructions fo
adding water.
Don’t mix water with
ready-to-use
washer
id.
c
t
Water can cause the solution
freeze and damage your
washer fluid tank and other
parts of the washer system.
Also, water doesn’t cleana,
well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank
only 314 full when it’s very
cold. This allows for
expansion, which could
damage thetank if it i s
completely full.
Don’t use radiator antifreeze ir
your windshield washer. It can
damage your washer systen
and pz
- - 244
=
Brake Master Cylinder
Your brake master cylinder is here. It is So, it isn’t a good idea to “topoff’ your
filled with DOT-3 brake fluid.
brake fluid. Adding brake fluid won’t
There are only two reasons why the brake correct a leak. If you add fluid when your
fluid level in your master cylinder might linings are worn, then you’ll havetoo
go down. The first is that the brake fluid much fluid when you get new brake
goes down to an acceptable level during linings. You should add (or remove)
brake fluid, as necessary, only when work
normal brake lining wear. When new
is done on the brake hydraulic system.
linings are putin, the fluid level goes
back up. The other reasonis that fluid is
leaking out of the brake system. If it is,
you should have your brake system fixed,
since a leak means that sooner or later
your brakes won’t work well, or won’t
work at all.
II
A
L ,
Ifyou have too much brake
fluid, it can spill on the engine.
‘-L: fluid will burnif the engine is
hot enough. You or others could be
burned, and your vehicle could be
damaged. Add brake fluid only
when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
Refer to the Maintenance Scheduleto
determine when to check your brake
fluid. See “Periodic Maintenance
Inspections” in the Index.
-
b Check Brake Fluid:
You can check the brake fluid without
tEking off the cap. Just lookat the brake
fl.uid reservoir. The fluid level should be
a1bove the plastic seam in the reservoir.
11: It isn’t, have your brake system
c1hecked to see if there is a leak.
A,fter work is done on the brake hydraulic
s:ystem, make sure the levelis above the
Plastic seam, nearthe base of the filler
eck.
*
I
dhat to Add:
When you do need brake fluid, useonly
DOT-3 brake fluid - such as DelcoSupreme 1l @(GM Part No. 1052535).
Use new brake fluid from a sealed
container only.
NOTICE:
0
0
DOT-5 silicone brake fluid can
damage your vehicle. Don’t
use it.
Don’t let someone put in the
wrong kind of fluid. For
example, just a few drops
mineral-based oil, such a5
engine oil, in your brake
system can damage brake
system parts so badly that
they’ll have to be replaced.
Srake fluid can damagep----.,
-0 be careful not to snill brake
I
Service & Appearance Care
Battery
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system on a modern vehicle
is complex. Its many parts have to be
of
top quality and work well together if the
vehicle is to have really good braking.
Vehicles we design and test have
top-quality GM brake parts in them,as
your Chevrolet does when itis new.
When you replace parts of your braking
system -for example,when your brake
linings wear down and you have to have
new ones put in-be sure you get new
genuine GM replacement parts.If you
don’t, your brakes may no longer work
properly. For example, if someone putsin
I
246
brake linings that are wrong for your
vehicle, the balance between your front
and rear brakes can change, for the worse.
The braking performance you’ve come to
expect can change in many other ways if
someone puts in the wrong replacement
brake parts.
Every new Chevrolet has a Delco
Freedoma battery. You never have to add
water to oneof these. When it’s time fora
new battery, we recommend a Delco
Freedom@ battery. Get one that has the
catalog number shownon the original
battery’s label.
I
Vehicle Storage
If you’re not going todrive your vehicle
for 25 days or more, take off the black,
negative (-) cable from the battery.This
will help keep your battery from running
down.
CAUTION:
I
Batterieshave acid thatcan
burn you and gas that can
if
explode. You canbebadlyhurt
vou aren’t careful. See “Jump
:Starting” in the Index for tips on
working
around a battery
without
nettinn hurt.
Contact your dealer to learn how to
prepare your vehicle for longer storage
periods.
II
Bulb Replacement
For the proper type of replacement bulb,
see “ReplacementBulbs” in theIndex.
Halogen Bulbs
I
Halogen bulbs have
pressurized gas inside and can
I burst if you drop or scratch the bulb.
You or others could be injured. Take
special care when handling and
disposing of halogen bulbs.
Service & Appearance Care
A
Headlights
Headlight Aiming
Your vehicle has a mini-quadheadlight
system. These headlights have vertical
and horizontal indicators. When the
headlights are properly installed and
adjusted, and the vehicle is on level
ground, both indicators will read in the
center of the gage. If they do not, you can
adjust the aim.
To adjust the aim of your headlights:
1. Move your vehicle to a level surface.
Use a spirit level to be sure. Be sure
to remove any items that are not part
of your original equipment from the
trunk and passenger areas. No one
should be seated in the vehicle and
your fuel tank should be about half
full. Check to be sure your tires are
at the correct pressure.
There are four headlights. Each one
has its own verticaland horizontal
aim position indicator. Each indicator
has its own aiming screw.
A. Vertical Indicator
B. Horizontal Indicator
C. Vertical Aiming Screw
D. Horizontal Aiming Screw
m
2. Start with the vertical (up and down)
headlight aim. Don’t try to adjust the
horizontal (left and right) aim first.
3. Check the vertical aim for each
headlight and adjust it as necessary.
4. Turn the vertical aiming screw until
the bubble comesto the center of the
gage-
5. Now adjust the horizontal aim. Check
the horizontal aim for each headlight
and adjust it as necessary.
6. Turn the horizontal aiming screw
until the line comes tothe center of
the gage.
7. If the gage readings are not centered,
repeat steps 2 and 3.
Try not to touch threaded parts other than
the vertical and horizontal aiming screws.
If the vehicle body hasbeen damaged in
an accident or something, theheadlight
should be aimed after repairing thebody.
To replace a headlight:
Before replacing a headlight that does not
light, check to make sure that the wiring
connector is securely fastened to it.
See “Replacement Bulbs’’ in the Index
to check the size and typeof headlight
you need to use before you begin to
replace the headlight. You must replace
a headlight with one that is exactly the
same.
249
Service & Appearance Care
f-
7
i
Be careful not to move the aiming screws
when you replace the headlight. If the
headlight being replaced was properly
aimed, the new one will be also if it is
properly installed.
t
1
... 250
1. Remove the Torx@head screws at the
end of the aimingring.
2. The aiming ring will swing open like a
gate. Remove the aiming ring from the
assembly. Place it face down, with the
aim indicator up. Be careful not to
damage the aimingbubble.
r
1
. ..
I
3. Pull the headlight out of the assembly. 6. Place the new headlight in the
9. Check the headlight aim indicators.
Remove the wiring connector from the
headlight assembly. The socket must
The horizontal indicator (A) should be
be pointing in the same direction the
headlight socket by lifting the plastic
on 0 (zero). If the vehicle is level, the
socket on the burned out bulb was.
locking tabs on the connector and
vertical indicator (B) should also be
pulling it from the socket.
on 0 (zero). If the vehicle isn’t level,
7. Insert the tabs on the aiming ring into
check the vertical aim on a level
4. Check the new headlight again. The
the slots in the headlight assembly.
surface as soon as you can. Ifeither
number on the light must match the
8. Hold the aiming ring closed, insert the
indicator doesn’t read “0,” adjust the
number on the headlight being
screws at the endof the ring. Tighten
headlight
aim. See “Adjusting
replaced. The letter, “U” or “L,”
the screws until the aiming ring
Headlight
Aim” in the Index.
must also match.
touches the plastic nuts on both the
If your vehicle is damaged in an accident
top and bottom. Do not overtighten.
5. Plug the wiring connector into the
and
the headlight aim seems to be
headlight socket. Snap the locking
Do not damage the vertical aiming
affected, see your Chevrolet dealer.
tabs onto the socket.
bubble.
Headlights on damaged vehicles may
require recalibration of the horizontal aim
by your Chevrolet dealer.
251
Service Station Information
,
Center High-Mounted Stoplight
To replace the bulb:
1. Remove the two screws in the
stoplight lens.
, '
2. Gently pull the assembly out and
remove the bulb from the back of the
assembly.
3. Reverse the steps with a new bulb.
Front 'hrn Signal
1. Using a screwdriver, remove the
plastic screws from the deflector
under the vehicle. Move the deflector
out of the way.
*
,
2. Turn and pull out the socket and the
bulb.
3. Pull out the bulb.
4. Reverse the steps with a new bulb.
Rear Lights
To change any rear bulb, you have to
remove the entire housing.
1. Remove the trim panel from the side
that you are replacing the bulb.
2. Pull back the carpet.
3. Remove the wing nuts.
Service Station Information
L
h
U
4. Pull the assembly off from the outside.
5. To remove a socket with a tab,
press the tab and turn the socket
counterclockwise. To remove a
socket without a tab, turn the socket
counterclockwise.
6. To remove the bulb, push in and turn
it counterclockwise, then pull it out.
7. Reverse the steps with a new bulb.
Rear Sidemarker
To replace a rear sidemarker bulb:
1, Remove the screw from the
sidemarker assembly.
2. To pull out the bulb housing, tilt the
housing to remove the tabbed end.
3. Turn counterclockwise and pull out
the socket and the bulb.
4. Pull out the bulb.
5. Reverse the steps with a new bulb.
DATE GVWR
01/91 5713LB
CAPACITY WEIGHT
TIRE SIZE
GAWRFRT
ZS03LB
GAWR RR
<.
.
BBW
v)
INFORMATION
Loading Your Vehicle
The other label is the Certification label,
Two labels on your vehicle show how
much weight it may properly carry. The found on the rear edge of the driver’s
Tire-Loading Information label found on door. It tells you the gross weight capacity
you the proper size, of your vehicle, called the GVWR (Gross
the driver’s door tells
speed rating and recommended inflation Vehicle Weight Rating). The GVWR
pressures for the tires on your vehicle. It includes the weightof the vehicle, all
occupants, fuel and cargo. Never exceed
also gives you important information
about the numberof people that can be in the GVWR for your vehicle,or the Gross
your vehicle and the total weight that
you Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for either
the front or rear axle.
can carry. This weightis called the
Vehicle Capacity Weight and includes the And, if you do have a heavy load,you
weight of all occupants, cargo, and all should spread it out. Don’t carry more
nonfactory-installed options.
than 100 pounds (45 kg) in your rear area.
Do not load your vehicle any
heavier than the GVWR or the
maximum front and rear GAWRs.
If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, or it can change theway
your vehicle handles. These could
cause you to lose control.Also,
overloadingcanshortenthelifeof
-
L
II
,,
Service 81Appearl nee Care
NOTICE:
11
Your warranty does not coverparts
or components that fail becauseof
overloading.
If you put things inside your vehiclelike suitcases, tools, packages, or
anything else-they will go as fast as the
vehicle goes. If you have to stopor turn
quickly, orif there is a crash, they’ll keep
going.
9
256
Tires
CAUTION:
A
Things you put inside your
vehicle can strike and injure
people in a sudden stop or tu&, or
in a crash.
a Put things in the rear area of
your vehicle. Try to spread the
weight evenly.
m Never stack heavier things,
like suitcases, insidethe
vehicle so that some of them
are above the tops of the seats.
When you carry something
inside the vehicle, secure it
whenever you can.
a Don’t leave a seat folded down
unless you need to.
We don’t make tires.Your new vehicle
a
comes with high quality tires made by
leading tire manufacturer. These tires are
warranted by the tire manufacturers and
their warranties are delivered with every
new Chevrolet. If your spare tireis a
different brand than your road tires, you
will have a tire warranty folder from each
of these manufacturers.
~
CAUTION:
Poorly maintainedand
improperly used tires are
dangerous.
a Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too
much friction. You could have an
air-out and a serious accident. See
“Loading Your Vehicle” in the
Index.
Underinflated tires pose thesame
danger as overloaded tires. The
resulting accident could cause
serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the
recommended pressure. Tire
pressure should be checked when
your t i r e s are cold.
m Overinflated tiresare more likely
to be cut, punctured, or broken by
a sudden impact, suchas when
you hit a pothole. Keep tiresat the
recommended pressure.
a Worn, old tires can cause
accidents. If your treadis badly
worn, or if your tires have been
damaged, replace them.
I
Don’t let anyone tellyou that
underinflation or overinflation is all
right. It’s not. If your tires don’t
n)
haveenougha
you can get
Inflation -Tire Pressure
The Tire-Loading Information label
which is on the driver’s door shows the
correct inflation pressuresfor your tires,
when they’re cold. “Cold” means your
vehicle has been sitting for at least three
hours or driven no more than a mile.
If your vehicle is equipped with
P245/50ZR16tires and you’ll be
driving at speeds higher than 100 mph
(160 km/h) where it is legal, raise the
“cold” inflation pressureof each tire to
35 psi (240 kPa). When you end this very
high speed driving, reduce the“cold”
inflation pressures to those listed on the
Tire Loading Information label. Never
inflate the tires higher than the maximum
“cold” inflation pressures statedon the
sidewall of the tires.
e Too muc
I
’
~
Toomuchheal
Tireoverloading
Badwear
Badhandli
Bad fuel econ
If your tires havetoo much air
(overinflation), you can get’
Unusualwear
0 Bad
handling
e Rough ri,,
Needlessdamage f i ~ 1 1 1
hazards.
I
Service & Appearance Care
’
\
L
When to Check: Check your tiresonce a
month or more. Don’t forget your
compact spare tire. It should beat 60 psi
(420 kPa).
How to Check: Use a good quality
pocket-type gage to check tire pressure.
Simply lookingat the tires will not tell
you the pressure, especially if you have
radial tires - which may look properly
inflated even if they’re underinflated.
If your tires have valve caps,be sure to
put them back on. They help prevent
leaks by keeping out dirt and moisture.
9
9
9
258
Tire Inspection and Rotation
To make your tires last longer, have them
inspected and rotated at the mileages
recommended in the Maintenance
Schedule. See “Scheduled Maintenance
Services” in the Index.
If you don’t have P245/50ZR16 size tires,
use the rotation pattern shown above for
your size tires.
If you have P245/50ZR16size tires, they
must roll in a certain direction for the best
overall performance. The direction is
shown by an arrow on both sidewalls.
Because these tires are directional, they
should be rotated as shown in the
example above. These tires should only
be moved from front to rear and rearto
front on the same sideof the vehicle.
After the tires have been rotated,adjust
the front and rear inflation pressure as
shown on the Tire-Loading Information
label. Make certain thatall wheel nuts are
properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut
Torque” in the Index.
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on
- the parts to which it is fastened,
can make wheel nuts become loose
after a time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. When
you change a wheel, remove any
rust or dirt from places where the
wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a
paper towel to do this; but be sure to
use a scraper or wire brush later, if
you need to, to get all the rust or dirt
off. (See “Changing a Flat Tire” in
When It’s Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s time for new
tires is to check the treadwear indicators,
which will appear when your tires have
only 2/32 inch (1.6 mm) or less of tread
remaining.
You need a new tire if:
You can see the indicators at three
places around the tire.
You can see cord or fabric showing
through the tire’s rubber.
The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut
or snagged deep enough to show cord
or fabric.
The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
The tire has a puncture, cut, or other
damage that can’t be repaired well
because of the size or location of the
damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you
need, look at the Tire-Loading
Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it
was new had a Tire Performance Criteria
Specification (TPC Spec) number on each
tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec
number. That way, your vehicle will
continue to have tires that are designed to
give proper endurance, handling, speed
Service & Appearance Care
I
rating, traction, ride and other things
Iduring normal service on your vehicle. If
your tires have an all-season tread design,
1&he
TPC number will be followed by a
“MS” (for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tireswith those
not having a TPC Spec number, make
sure they are the same size, load range,
speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial)as your original
tires.
260
bA
u I /w/v.-
Mixing tires could cause you to
you mix tires of different sizes or
typs (radial a d bias-belted tires),
the vehicle may not handle properly,
and you could have a crash. Be sure
to use the same size and type tires
on all wheels,
It’s all rightto drive with your
compact spare, though. It was
developed for limited use on your
vehicle.
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
The following information relates tothe
system developedby the United States
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature
performance. (This applies only to
vehicles sold in the United States.)
Treadwear
Traction - A, B, C
Temperature - A, B, C
The treadwear grade is a comparative
rating based on the wear rateof the tire
when tested under controlled conditions
on a specified government test course. For
example, a tire graded 150 would wear
one and a half ( 1 1/2) times as well on the
government course as a tire graded 100.
The relative performance of tires depends
upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly
from the norm due to variations in driving
habits, service practices and differences in
road characteristics and climate.
The traction grades, from highest to
lowest are: A, B, and C. They represent
the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement
as measured under controlled conditions
on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C
may have poor traction performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to
this tire is based on braking
(straight-ahead) traction tests and does
no1 include cornering (turning) traction.
The temperature grades are A (the
highest), B, and C, representing the tire’s
resistance to the generationof heat and its
ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified
indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained
high temperature can cause the material
of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire
life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C
corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet
under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety
Standard No. 109. Grades B and A
261
Service & Appearance Care
represent higher levelsof performance on
the laboratory test wheel than the
minimum required by law.
Warning: The temperature grade for this
tire is established for a tire that is properly
inflated and not overloaded. Excessive
speed, underinflation, or excessive
loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat buildup and
possible tire failure.
... 262
Those grades are molded on the sidewalls
of passenger car tires.
While the tires available as standard or
optional equipment on General Motors
vehicles may vary with respect to these
grades, all such tires meet General Motors
performance standards and have been
approved for use on General Motors
vehicles. All passenger type (P Metric)
tires must conform to Federal safety
requirements in addition to these grades.
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned
and balanced carefully at the factory to
give you the longest tire life and best
overall performance.
In most cases, you will not need to have
your wheels aligned again. However, if
you notice unusual tire wear or your
vehicle pulling one way or the other, the
alignment may need to be reset. If you
notice your vehicle vibrating when
driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Each new wheel should have the same
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked or load carrying capacity, diameter, width,
offset, and be mounted the same way as
badly rusted. If wheel nuts keep coming
loose, the wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel the one it replaces.
nuts should be replaced.If the wheel
If you need to replace any of your wheels,
leaks air out, replace it (except some
wheel bolts, or wheel nuts, replace them
aluminum wheels, which can sometimes
only with new GM original equipment
be repaired). See your Chevrolet dealerif parts. This way, you will be sure to have
any of these conditions exist.
the right wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel
nuts for your Chevrolet model.
you need.
Wheel Replacement
CAUTION:
Using
t -h t
wheels, wheel bolts,or wheel
nuts on your vehicle can be
dangerous. It could affect the
braking and handlingof your
vehicle, make your tires lose air and
make you lose control. You could
have a collision in which youor
others couldbe injured. Always use
the correct wheel, wheel bolts, and
wheel nuts for replacement.
263 =
9
Service & Appearance Care
Tire Chains
Used Replacement Wheels
.I
The wrong wheel can also cause
problems with bearing life, brakei.i_.
cooling, speedometer/odometer .y!g@
calibration, headlight aim, bumper32
height, vehicle ground clearance,
and tire or tire chain clearance to the
body and chassis.
‘
)
1
I
L
... 264
I
/8*
r u w l l g it
uscu
WIIGGI U I I yuul
vehicle is dangerous. You can’t
n n O W how it’s been used or how
many miles it’s been driven. It could
fail suddenly and cause an accident.
If you have to replace a wheel use a
new GM original equipment wheel.
I
Ib
If your Chevrolet has P235/55R16
or P245/50ZRlf; cizetire. don’t 1 1 c ~
tire chains: the\ --Ind m e v o w
vehicle.
If you ,.-ve other tires, “st; LIIC
chains only when you must. Use
only SAE Class “S” type chains
that are the proper size for y
tires. Install them on the rear tires
and tighten them as tightly as
possible with the ends securel)
fastened. Drive slowly and folio
the chain manufacturer’s
instructions. If you can hear th
chains contacting your vehicle
stop and retighten them.If the
contactcontinues,slowdownuntil
it stops. Driving too fast wit
chains on will damage yourg
vchicle.
II
I
I
r!eaning products can be hazardous. Some are toxic. m e r s can burst into
- me if you strike a match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some a=
d zerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space. When you use anything
container to clean your Chevrokt, be sure to follow the instructions. And always
open your doors or windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
a Gasoline
@ Carbon Tetrachloride
Turpentine
Benzene
@
Acetone
mThinner
Lacquer
Naphtha
@ Paint Thinner
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous -some more than others - and they can all damage
your vehicle, too.
A
Don’t use any of these unless this
manual says you can. In many uses:
&’---will damage your vehicle:
0
0
0
’aP
leach
ReducingAgents
*
265
-
Service & Appearance Care
Cleaning the Insideof Your
Chevrolet
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get ridof
dust and loose dirt. Wipe vinyl with a
clean, damp cloth.
Your Chevrolet dealer has two GM
cleaners - a solvent-type spot lifter and
a foam-type powdered cleaner. They will
clean normal spots and stains very well.
m . .
266
Here are some cleaning tips:
0 Always read the instructions on the
cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soon as you can before they set.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and
change to a clean area often. A soft
brush may be used if stains are
stubborn.
Use solvent-type cleaners in a
well-ventilated area only. If you use
them, don’t saturate the stained area.
If a ring forms after spotcleaning,
clean the entire area immediately or it
will set.
Using Foam-Type Cleaner on Fabric
0
Vacuum and brush the area to remove
any loose dirt.
Always clean a whole trim panel or
section. Mask surrounding trim along
stitch or welt lines.
Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner
following the directions on the
container label.
Use suds only and apply with a clean
sponge.
Don’t saturate the material.
Don’t rub it roughly.
I 1
0
0
0
As soon as you’ve cleaned the section,
use a sponge to remove the suds.
Rinse the section with a clean, wet
sponge.
Wipe off what’s left with a slightly
damp paper towel or cloth.
Then dry it immediately with an air
hose, a hair dryer or a heat lamp.
NOTICE:
~
Be careful with a hair dryer or heat
lamp. You could scorch the fabric.
B
Wipe with a clean cloth.
Using Solvent-Type Cleaner on Fabric
First, see if you have to use solvent-type
cleaner at all. Some spots and stains will
clean off better with just water and mild
soap.
If you need to use it, then:
Gently scrape excess soil from the
trim material with a clean, dull knife
or scraper. Use very little cleaner, light
pressure and clean cloths (preferably
cheesecloth). Cleaning should start at
the outside of the stain, “feathering”
toward the center. Keep changing to a
clean section of the cloth.
0
When you clean a stain from fabric,
immediately dry thearea with an air
hose, hair dryer, or heat lamp tohelp
prevent a cleaning ring. (See the
previous NOTICE.)
Fabric Protection
Your Chevrolet has upholstery and carpet
that has been treated with Scotchgard”
Fabric Protector, a 3M product.
Scotchgard ” protects fabrics by repelling
oil and water, which are the carriers of
most stains. Even with this protection,
you still need to clean your upholstery
often to keep it looking new.
Further information on cleaningis
available by calling 1-800-433-3296
(in Minnesota, 1-800-642-6 167).
267
=
Service & Appearance Care
Special Cleaning Problems
Non-greasy stains: Like catsup, coffee
Greasy or oily stains: Like grease, oil, (black), egg, fruit,fruit juice, milk, soft
butter, margarine, shoe polish, coffee withdrinks, wine, vomit, urine and blood.
cream, chewing gum, cosmetic creams,
0 Carefully scrape off excess stain, then
vegetable oils, wax crayon, tar and
sponge the soiled area with cool
water.
asphalt.
If a stain remains, follow the
foam-type instructions above.
0 Carefully scrape off excess stain.
0 If an odor lingers after cleaning
0 Then follow the solvent-type
vomit or urine, treat the area with
instructions above.
a waterbaking soda solution:
0 Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and
1 teaspoon ( 5 ml) of baking sodato
asphalt will stain if left on a vehicle
1 cup (250 ml) of lukewarm water.
seat fabric. They should be removed
0 Finally, if needed, clean lightly with
as soon as possible. Be careful,
solvent-type cleaner.
because the cleaner will dissolve them
and may cause them to bleed.
... 268
Combination stains: Like candy, ice
cream, mayonnaise, chili sauce and
unknown stains.
0 Carefilly scrape off excess stain, then
clean with cool water and allow to
dry.
0
If a stain remains, clean it with
solvent-type cleaner.
Cleaning Vinyl or Leather
Just use warm water and a clean cloth.
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to
remove dirt. You may have to do it
more than once.
0 Things like tar, asphalt and shoe
polish will stain if you don’t get them
off quickly. Use a clean cloth and
solvent-type vinyl/leather cleaner.
Cleaning theTop of the Instrument
Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the
top surfaces of the instrument panel.
Sprays containing silicones or waxes may
cause annoying reflections in the
windshield and even makeit difficult to
see through the windshield under certain
conditions.
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
CAUTION:
*
,-
Do notbleach or dye safety
belts. If you do, it may severely
weaken them. In a crash they might
not be able to provide adequate
protection. Clean safety belts only
with mild soap and lukewarm water.
Glass
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass
Cleaner (GM Part No. 1050427) or a
liquid household glass cleaner will
remove normal tobacco smoke and dust
films.
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass,
because they may cause scratches. Avoid
placing decals on the inside rear window,
since they may have to be scraped off
later. If abrasive cleaners are used on the
inside of the rear window, anelectric
defogger element may be damaged. Any
temporary license should not be attached
across the defogger grid.
Service 8t Appearance Care
Cleaning the Outsideof the Windshield Wiper blades should be checked on a
and Wiper Blades
regular basis and replaced when worn.
If the windshield is not clear after using Cleaning Twin Lift-off Roof Panels
the windshield washer, or if the wiper
blade chatters when running, wax or other Special care is necessary when cleaning,
removing and/or storing the roof panels.
material may be on the blade or
windshield,
0 Flush off dust and dirt with water,
then dry the panels.
Clean the outsideof the windshield with
GM Windshield Cleaner, Bon-Ami
Clean the panels with GM Glass
Powder@ (GM PartNo. 1050011). The
Cleaner. Leave the cleaner on the
windshield is clean if beadsdo not form
panel for one minute, then wipe
the
when you rinse it with water.
panel with a soft, lint-free cloth.
Clean the blade by wiping vigorously
0 Don’t use abrasive cleaning materials.
with a cloth soaked in full strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the
blade with water.
9
270
Cieaning the Outsideof Your
Chevrolet
The paint finish on your vehicle provides
beauty, depth of color, gloss retention and
durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s
finish is to keep it cleanby washing it
often with lukewarmor cold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct
rays of the sun. Don’t use strong soaps
or chemical detergents. Use liquid hand,
dish or car washing (non-detergent)
soaps. Don’t use cleaning agents that
contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning
agents shouldbe flushed promptly and
not allowedto dry on the surface, or they
could stain. Dry the finish with asoft,
clean chamois or a100%cotton towel
to avoid surface scratches and water
spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause
water to enter your vehicle.
4luminum Wheels (If So Equippea)
Finish Care
Your aluminum wheels have a protective
Occasional waxing or mild polishing
of
:oating similar to the painted surfaceof
your Chevrolet may be necessary to
remove residue from the paint finish.
You your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
can get GM approved cleaning products zhemicals, chrome polish, or other
from your dealer. (See “Appearance Care ibrasive cleaners on them because you
and Maintenance Materials” in the Index.):ould damage this coating. After rinsing
Your Chevrolet has a “basecoat/clearcoat” ;horoughly, a wax mav be applied.
paint finish. The clearcoat gives more
depth and gloss to the colored basecoat.
I
NOTICE:
aggressive polishingon a
basecoat/clearcoat paint finishmay
dull the finish or leave swirl marks.
1
If you have aluminum wheels, da ’&
use an automatic car wash that has
hard silicon carbide cleaning
brushes. These brushes cantak- ~ f f
the protective coating.
271
Service & Appearance Care
I
White Sidewall Tires
Your Chevrolet dealer hasa GM White
Sidewall Tire Cleaner.You can use a stiff
brush with it.
Weatherstrips
These are places where glassor metal
meets rubber. Silicone grease there will
make them last longer, seal better, and not
stick or squeak. Apply silicone grease
with a clean cloth at least every six
months.
9
9
9
272
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires
sheet metal repair or replacement, make
sure the body repair shopapplies
anti-corrosion material to the parts
repaired or replaced to restore corrosion
protection.
Foreign Material
Calcium chloride and other salts, ice
melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap,
bird droppings, chemicals from industrial
chimneys, and other foreign matter can
damage your vehicle’s finishif they
remain on painted surfaces. Use cleaners
that are marked safe for painted surfaces
for these stains.
Finish Damage
Underbody Maintenance
Chemical Paint Spotting
Chemicals used for ice and snow remova Some weather and atmospheric conditions
can create a chemical fallout. Airborne
and dust control can collecton the
pollutants can fall upon and attack painted
underbody. If theseare not removed,
accelerated corrosion (rust) can occuron surfaces on your vehicle.This damage
can take two forms: blotchy,
the underbody parts suchas fuel lines,
ringlet-shaped discolorations, and small
frame,
floor
pan,
and
exhaust
system
even
Minor chips and scratches canbe repaired
irregular dark spots etched into the paint
though they have corrosion protection.
with touch-up materials available from
surface.
At least every spring, flush these
your dealer or other service outlets.
materials from the underbody with plain Although no defect inthe paint job causes
Larger areas of finish damage can be
this, Chevrolet will repair,at no chargeto
corrected in your dealer’s body and paint water. Clean any areas where mud and
the
owner, the surfacesof new vehicles
other
debris
can
collect.
Dirt
packed
in
shop.
damaged by this fallout condition within
closed areas of the frame should be
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km)
loosened before being flushed.Your
dealer or an underbody vehicle washing of purchase, whichever comes first.
system cando this foryou.
Any stone chips, fractures or deep
scratches in the finish shouldbe repaired
right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into a major
repair expense.
273
=
Service Station Information
Appearance Care and Maintenance Muterials
~
PART NUMBER
SIZE
1051 516
32 02. (0.946 L)
Washer Solvent and GasLine De-lcer
Windshield washing system and gas
line
1 050172
1050173
lo501 74
1050214
1050244
1052884
1050427
1050429
lo501 09
1052870
12345579
1 051 398
1051 51
5
1050201 16
12345881
123451 20
1052753
1052497
1052535
1050011
12345347
1052271
USAGE
DESCRIPTION
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Tar and RoadOil Remover
Also old waxes, polishes
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Chrome Cleanerand Polish
16 02. (0.473 L)
32 02. (0.946 L)
16 02. (0.473 L)
16 oz. (0.473 L)
White Sidewall Tire Cleaner
VinyVLeather Cleaner'
Removes rust and corrosion on chrome and steel
Cleans white and black
tires
Spot andstain removal on leather andvinyl
Fabric Cleaner'
Power Steering Fluid
Spot and stain removal on clothand fabric
Power steering
24 oz. (0.680 L)
Glass Cleaner
Glass cleaning and
spot cleaning on vinyls
6 Ib. (2.72 kg)
Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner
Vinyl, cloth, door trims,seats, carpet, tires, mats
12 02. (0.340 kg)
16 02. (0.473 L)
1 oz. (0.028 kg)
8 02. (0.237 L)
Lubriplate
Wash-Wax (Concentrated)
Dielectric Silicone Grease
Spot Lifter'
Spray lubricant for hood, hatchback, door hinges, latches
Exterior wash
32 oz. (0.946 L)
oz. (0.473 L)
GM Optikleen"
Magic Mirror Cleaner-Polish
32 02. (0.946 L )
9 02. (0.262 L)
DEXRON@-IIE
Multi-Purpose Lubricant
1 gal. (3.785 L)
14 02. (0.397 kg)
16 02. (0.473 L)
12 02. (0.340 kg)
16 oz. (0.473 L)
24 02. (0.680 L)
Permanent Type Anti-Freeze Coolant
Lubricant
Delco-Supreme 11 Brake Fluid
@
Hydraulic ClutchFluid
80W-9O-GLb
Weatherstrips
Spot andstain removal on cloth and fabric
Windshield washer solvent and antifreeze
Exterior cleaner andpolish
Automatic and manual transmission
fluid
Key-lock cylinders
Year-round coolantand antifreeze
Chassis
Brake fluid
Windshield cleaner Eon-Ami Powder@
Hydraulic clutch system
Rear axle SAE
*Not recommendedfor pigskin suede leather.
for these products.See your Maintenance Schedule
for other products.
See your General Motors Dealers
J
o
TESTVNXX3XX009696
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN)
This is the legal identifier foryour
Chevrolet. It appears on a plate in the
front cornerof the instrument panel, on
the driver’s side.You can see itif you
look through the windshield from outside
your vehicle. The VIN also appearson the
Vehicle Certification and ServiceParts
labels and the certificatesof title and
registration.
Engine Identification
The eighth characterin your VIN is the
engine code for your 1993 GM engine.
This code will help you identify
your
engine, specifications, and replacement
parts in this section.
idd-On Electrical
Equipment
Service r a m
Identification Label
You’ll find this label inside your console
storage compartment. It’s very helpful if
you &er neid to order parts. On this
label is:
0 YourVIN.
Its modeldesignation.
Paintinformation.
A list of all production options and
special equipment.
Be sure that this labelis not removed
from the vehicle.
I
NOTICE;
Service & Appearance Care
Fuses and Circuit
Breakers
The wiring circuits inyour vehicle are
protected from short circuits by a
combination of fuses, circuit breakers,
and fusible thermal links in the wiring
itself. This greatly reduces the chance
of
fires caused by electrical problems.
There aretwo fuse centers on your
vehicle. One is in the left sideof your
instrument panel.
9
276
The other is in the engine compartment. Headlights
Open the cover on either of the boxes to The headlight wiring is protected
by a
expose the fuses.
circuit breaker. An electrical overloadwill
Look at the silver-colored band inside thecause the lights to go
on and off, or in
fuse. If the band is broken or melted,
some casesto remain off. If this happens,
replace the fuse.Be sure you replace a
have your headlight wiring checked right
bad fuse with a new one of the correct
away.
size.
If you ever have a problem on the road Windshield Wipers
and don’t havea spare fuse, you can
The windshield wiper motoris protected
borrow one of the correct value. Just pick by a circuit breaker and a fuse.
If the
some featureof your vehicle that you can motor overheats due to heavy snow, etc.,
get along without- like the radio or
the wiper will stop until the motor cools.
cigarette lighter-and use its fuse,if it is If the overloadis caused by some
the size you need. Replace it as soon as
electrical problem and not snow, etc., be
you can.
sure to get it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power
Options
Circuit breakers protect the power
windows and other power accessories.
When the current load is too heavy, the
circuit breaker opens and closes,
protecting the circuit until the problem is
fixed or goes away.
6 - Brake LighVCruise Release
Switch; Hazard Flasher (20 Amp.)
7 - Power Door Locks; Power Mirrors;
Hatch Release (15 Amp.)
8 - Audio Alarm Module; Base@
Relay; Courtesy Lights: Console
Compartment, Glove Box, Dome,
Rearview Mirror and Radio
(15 Amp.)
9 -Audio Alarm Module; Daytime
Running Lights Module (Canada);
Diagnostic Energy Reserve
Module; Instrument Cluster
(10 Amp.)
Main Fuse Block
10 - Exterior Lighting (20 Amp.)
1 - Air Bag: SIR Components
(15 Amp.)
11 - Cigarette Lighter; Horn Relay
(25 Amp.)
2 - Backup Lights; Daytime Running
Lights Module (Canada); Turn
12 - Power Seats; Rear Defogger
Flasher (20 Amp.)
(35 Amp. Circuit Breaker)
3 - HVAC Selector Switch(Heater/Air 13 - Brightness Control (5 Amp.)
Conditioner); Rear Defogger
14 -Windshield Wipermasher
(25 Amp.)
(25 Amp.)
4 - Engine Control Module; Instrument
15 - Power Windows (35 Amp. Circuit
Cluster; PASS-Key I P Decoder
Breaker)
Module ( 10 Amp.)
I
16 - Diagnostic Energy Reserve
5 - Engine Control Module;
Module (3 Amp.)
PASS-Key II@ Decoder Module;
17 - Radio (15 Amp.)
Fuel Pump Relay (1 5 Amp.)
Service & Appearance Care
Underhood Electrical Center
Fuses
1 -Electronic Brake Control Module
(5 Amp.)
2 -Fog Lamps (20 Amp.)
3 - Not Used
4 -Not Used
5 -Anti-Lock Brake System(5 Amp.)
6 - Coolant Fan Relays;EVAP
Canister Purge Solenoid; Exhaust
Gas Recirculation; Low Coolant
Relay; Reverse Lockout Solenoid
(10 Amp.)
278
7 -Air Injection Pump Assembly;
Air Pump Relay (20 Amp.)
8 -Not Used
9 -Fuel Injectors (7.5 Amp.)
10 -Fuel Injectors (7.5 Amp.)
11 - VIN Engine Code S : Camshaft
Position Sensor; Crankshaft
Position Sensor; Electronic
Ignition Module (10 Amp.)
VIN Engine Code P: Ignition
Coil; Ignition Coil Driver
(10 Amp.)
12 -Air Conditioning Compressor
Relay; Cruise Control Switches
and Module (20 Amp.)
Relays
B -Air Conditioning Compressor
C -Anti-Lock Brake System
D -Primary Coolant Fan(Driver Side)
E -Air Pump
F - Secondary Coolant Fan
(Passenger Side)
G -Low Coolant
H - Fog Lamps
J - High Blower
Replacement Bulbs
Ashtray* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Automatic Transmission Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1141
Center High-Mounted Stoplight ....................................... 921
Cluster .......................................................... 161
Console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Dome ...........................................................561
DoorCourtesy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
Fog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 885
Front Parking and Turn Signal .......................................
2397
GloveBox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Headlight (Low Beam) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H-4351
Headlight (High Beam) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H-4352
Heater and A/C Control .............................................. 37
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .161
HighBeamIndicator
IndicatorLights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
License .......................................................... 194
Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .212-2
Sidemarker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
TailOnly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Tail/Stop/Turn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2057
TurnSignalIndicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
"Manual transmission only
.
279
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I Service & Appearance Care
II
Capacities and Specifications
Engine
Type
VINEnnineCodeS ...............................................
V6
VINEngineCodeP ...............................................
V8
Fuel Delivery .............................................
Fuel Injection
ValveArrangement .............................................
In-Head
Piston Displacement
VIN Engine Code S ....................................
.207 CID (3.4L)
350 CID (5.7L)
VIN Engine Code P .....................................
Compression Ratio
VIN Engine Code S .............................................
9.0:1
VIN Engine Code P ............................................
10.5: 1
Firing Order
VINEngineCodeS ......................................
1-2-3-4-5-6
1-8434G5-7-2
VINEngineCodeP ..................................
1
.
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280
Replacement Parts
Air Cleaner Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A1 163C
75-60
Battery ........................................................
Engine Oil Filter
VINEngineCodeS .............................................PF47
VINEngineCodeP .............................................
PF25
FuelFilter ...................................................... GF578
PCV Valve
VINEndingeCodeS ......................................... CV789C
VIN Engine Code P . . . . . . . . . . . . . , , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CV895C
RC24
Radiatorcap ...................................................
Spark Plug
VIN Engine Code S . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . oR43TSK (0.045 ” Gap)
VIN Engine Code P . . . . . . . , . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . oR45LTSP (0.050” Gap)
Thermostat Temperature Specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180°F (82°C)
Wheel Nuts
Wheel Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . 100 lb. ft. (140 Nom)
281
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Service & Appearance Care
Capacities (Approximate)
The following approximate capacities are given
in U.S. and metric conversions.
Air Conditioningt
. . . . . . Seetherefrigerantinformationlabelunderthehood.
Automatic Transmission
Drain and Refill ....................................... 10 pt. (4.7 L)*
Overhaul
VIN Engine Code S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16.7 pt. (7.9 L)*
VIN Engine Code P ................................ 22.4 pt. (10.6 L)*
Cooling System
VIN Engine CodeS
With Manual Transmission ............................ 12.5 qt. (11.8 L)
With Automatic Transmission ..........................
12.3 qt. ( 11.6 L)
VIN Engine CodeP
With Manual Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.3 qt. ( 14.5 L)
With Automatic Transmission .......................... 15.1 qt. (14.3 L)
tNot all air conditioning refrigerants are the same.
If the air conditioning systemin your
vehicle needs refrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant is used.
If you’re not sure, ask
your Chevrolet dealer.
*Recheck fluid levelafter filling. See “Automatic Transmission Fluid” or “Manual
Transmission Fluid” in the Index.
282
.
Crankcase
VIN Engine Code S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.0 qt. (3.8 L)**
VIN Engine CodeP
Without Filter Change ................................ 4.0 qt. (3.8 L)**
With Filter Change ...................................4.5 qt. (4.3 L)**
Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.5 gal. (58.7 L)
Manual Transmission
5.9 pt. (2.8 L)*
Five-Speed ...........................................
Six-Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.0 pt.(3.8 L)*
Rear Axle Lubricant .................................... 4 fl. 02. (1 18 ml)
I
Vehicle Dimensions
Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101.1“ (2 566 mm)
Tread
Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60.7“(1 542 mmj
Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60.6” (1 540 mm)
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193.2” (4 908 mm)
Width ...............................................
74.1 “ (1 883mm)
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.3“ (1 303 mm)
*Recheck fluid level after filling. See “Automatic Transmission Fluid”
or “Manual
Transmission Fluid” in the Index.
**Recheck the oil level after filling. See “EngineOil” in the Index.
283
Notes
IMPORTANT:
KEEP ENGINE OIL
AT THE PROPER
LEVEL AND CHANGE AS
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T h i s part covers the
maintenance requiredfor your
Chevrolet . Your vehicle needs
these services toretain its safety.
dependability and emission
control performance.
.
Part
Section
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction: A Word about Maintenance...........................
286
Your Vehicle and the Environment
............................286
How This Part Is Organized .................................
287
A Scheduled Maintenance Services...............................289
289
Using Your Maintenance Schedules...........................
Selecting the Right Schedule
................................. 289
Schedule I ................................................
290
Schedulen ...............................................
292
Explanation of Scheduled Maintenance Services.................294
B Owner Checks and Services ................................... 298
At Each FuelFill ..........................................
298
At Least Once a Month.....................................
299
At Least Twice a Year
...................................... 299
At Least Once a Year
....................................... 300
C Periodic Maintenance Inspections.............................. 303
D Recommended Fluids and Lubricants...........................305
E MaintenanceRecord .........................................
308
.
.
.
..
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p
q
im
I
Have you purched the GM Protection Plan ? The Plan
supplements your new car warranties
.
See your GM dealerfor details.
285
.
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction: A Word about Maintenance
Your Vehicle and the Environment
We at General Motors want to help you keep your vehicle in
good working condition. But we don’t know exactly how
you’ll drive it. You may drive very short distances only a
few times a week. Or you may drive long distances all the
time in very hot, dusty weather. You may use your vehicle
in making deliveries. Or you may drive it to work, to do
errands, or in many other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their GM
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may even need more
frequent checks and replacements than you will find in the
schedules in this part. So please read this part and note how
you drive. If you have any questions on how to keep your
vehicle in good condition, see your Chevrolet dealer, the
place many GM owners choose to have their maintenance
work done. Your dealer can be relied upon to use proper
parts and practices.
9
286
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps keep your vehicle
in good working condition, but it also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures are
important. Improper vehicle maintenance or the removal of
important components can significantly affect the quality of
the air we breathe. Improper fluid levels or even the wrong
tire inflation can increase the level of emissions from your
vehicle. To help protect our environment, and to help keep
your vehicle in good condition, please maintain your vehicle
properly.
How This Part Is Organized
The remainder of this part is divided into five sections:
“Section A: Scheduled Maintenance Services” shows what
to have done, and how often. Some of these services can be
complex, so unless you are technically qualified and have
the necessary equipment, you should let your dealer’s
service department or another qualified service center do
these jobs.
CAUTION:
1 Performingmaintenanceworkonavehiclecanbe
-
dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you can be
seriously injured. Do your own maintenance work only
if you have the required know-how and the proper
tools and equipment for the job. If you have any
doubt, have a qualified technician do the work.
L
I
If you are skilled enough to do some work on your vehicle,
you will probably want to get the service information GM
publishes. You will find a list of publications and how to get
them later in this manual. See “Service Publications” in the
Index.
“Section B: Owner Checks and Services” tells you what
should be checked whenever you stop for fuel. It also
explains what you can easily do to help keep your vehicle in
good condition.
“Section C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections” explains
important inspections that your Chevrolet dealer’s service
department or another qualified service center should
perform.
287
.
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction: A Word about Maintenance (Cont.)
“Section D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” lists
some products GM recommends to help keep your vehicle
properly maintained. These products, or their equivalents,
should be used whether you do the work yourself or have it
-
288
“Section E: Maintenance Record” provides a place for you
to record the maintenance performed on your vehicle.
Whenever any maintenance is performed, be sure to write it
down in this section. This will help you determine when
your next maintenance should be done. In addition, it is a
good idea to keep your maintenance receipts. They may be
needed to qualify your vehicle for warranty repairs.
Maintenance Schedule
Section A: Scheduled Maintenance Services
Using
Your Maintenance Schedules
This section tells you the maintenance services you should
have done and when you should schedule them. Your
Chevrolet dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. If you go to your dealer for your service
needs, you’ll know that GM-trained and supported service
people will perform the work using genuine GM parts.
These schedules are for vehicles that:
carry passengers and cargo within recommended limits.
You will find these limits on your vehicle’s Tire-Loading
Information label. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in the
Index.
are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
use the recommended unleaded fuel. See “Fuel” in the
Index.
Se/ecting the Right Schedule
First you’ll need to decide which of the two schedules is
right for your vehicle. Here’s how to decide which schedule
to follow:
Schedule I
Is any one of these true for your vehicle?
Most trips are less than 4 miles (6 km).
Most trips are less than 10 miles (16 km) when outside
temperatures are below freezing.
The engine is at low speed most of the time (as in
door-to-door delivery, or in stop-and-go traffic).
You operate your vehicle in dusty areas.
You tow a trailer.
If any one (or more) of these is true for your driving, follow
Schedule I.
Schedule I1
Follow Schedule II only if none of the above conditions is
true.
289
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.
Maintenance Schedule
Section A: Scheduled Maintenance Services (Cont.)
Schedule I
Follow Schedule I if your vehicle is
MAINLY driven under one or more of
the following conditions:
When most trips are less than 4 miles
WHAT TO SERVICE
(6 km).
When most trips are less than 10 miles ITEM See “Explanation of Scheduled Maintenance
(16 km) and outside temperatures
Services” following SchedulesI and II.
NO.
remain below freezing.
When most trips include extended
idling and/or frequent low-speed
operation, as in stop-and-go traffic.
Chassis Lubrication
2
When towing a trailer.
When operating in dusty areas.
Schedule I should also be followed if
4
the vehicle is used for delivery service,
police, taxi or other commercial
Transmission Service
6
applications.
*An Emission Control Service.
ft The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
has determined that the failure to perform
this maintenance item will not nullify the
emission warranty or limit recall liability
prior to the completion of vehicle usehl
life. General Motors, however, urges that
all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and
the maintenance be recorded in “Section E:
Maintenance Record. ”
9
290
8
Spark Plugwire Inspection**
WHEN TO PERFORM
Miles (kilometers)or Months
(whichever occursfirst).
I Every other
~~
I
oil change.
See “Explanation of Scheduled Maintenance
Services” following
Schedules I and II.
1
Every 30,000 Miles (50 OOO km).
10
Fuel Tank, Cap & Lines
Inspection**
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The services shown in this schedule up to 48,000 miles (80 000 km) should be
rformed after 48,000 miles at the same intervals.
Maintenance Schedule
Section A: Scheduled Maintenance Services (Cont.)
ITEM
NO.
WHAT TO SERVICE
WHEN TO PERFORM
See “Explanation of Scheduled Maintenance
Services” following SchedulesI and II.
Miles (kilometers) or Months
(whichever occursfirst).
Schedule I1
Follow Schedule II ONLY if none of
the driving conditions specified in
Schedule I apply.
2
4
*An Emission Control Service.
r?r n e U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
has determined that the failure to per$orm
this maintenance item will not nullify the
emission warranty or limit recall liability
prior to the completion of vehicle usejid
life. General Motors, however, urges that
all recommended maintenance services be
per$omd at the indicated intervals and
the maintenance be recorded in “Section E:
Maintenance Record. ’’
6
a
10
292
Transmission Service
I
See “Explanation of Scheduled Maintenance
Services” following Schedules I and II.
The services shown in this schedule up to 45,000 miles (75 O00 km) should be
performed after 45,000 miles at the same intervals.
MILES (000)
7.5
I 15
KILOMETERS f000)
I
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22.5
I
30
I
1
e
I
37.5
1
45
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293
9
Maintenance Schedule
Section A: Scheduled Maintenance Services (Cont.)
Eirplanation of Scheduled Maintenance Semices
Below are explanations of the services listed in Schedule I
and Schedule 11.
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed in Section
D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle uses these. All
ITEM
NO. SERVICE
1 Engine Oil andFilterChange* - Alwaysuse SG
Energy Conserving I1 oils of proper viscosity. The
SG designation may be shown alone or in
combination with others, such as SGKC, SG/CD,
or SF, SG, CC, etc. To determine the preferred
viscosity for your vehicle’s engine (e.g., SAE
5W-30or 10W-30),see “Engine Oil” in the Index.
2 ChassisLubrication - Ifyourvehicle is equipped
with grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage. Lubricate the transmission shift
linkage.
I
*An Emission Control Service.
9
294
parts should be replaced and all necessary repairs done
before you or anyone else drives the vehicle.
NOTE: To determine your engine’s displacement and code,
see ‘‘Engine Identification” in the Index.
ITEM
NO. SERVICE
3 Tireand Wheel RotationandInspection - For
proper wear and maximum tire life, rotate your tires
following the instructions in this manual. See
“Tires, Inspection and Rotation’’ in the Index.
Check the tires for uneven wear or damage. If you
see irregular or premature wear, check the wheel
alignment. Check for damaged wheels also.
4
EngineAccessoryDriveBeltInspection*
Inspect the belt for cracks, fraying, wear and proper
tension. Replace as needed.
ITEM
NO. SERVICE
5 Cooling System Service* - Drain, flushandrefill
the system with new or approved recycled coolant
conforming to GM Specification 1825M. Keep
coolant at the proper mixture as specified. See
“Coolant” in the Index. This provides proper freeze
protection, corrosion inhibitor level and engine
operating temperature.
ITEM
NO. SERVICE
Inspect hoses and replace if they are cracked,
swollen or deteriorated. Tighten screw-type hose
clamps. Clean the outside of the radiator and air
conditioning condenser. Wash the pressure cap and
neck.
To help ensure proper operation, we recommend a
pressure test of both the cooling system and the
pressure cap.
*An Emission Control Service.
295
Maintenance Schedule
aection A: Scheduled Maintenance Services (Cont.)
ITEM
NO. SERVICE
6 TransmissionService - For manualtransmissions,
fluid doesn’t require changing.
For automatic transmissions, change both the fluid
and filter every 15,000 miles (25 OOO km) if the
vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of these
conditions:
In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or
higher.
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
When doing frequent trailer towing.
Uses such as found in taxi, police car or delivery
service.
ITEM
NO. SERVICE
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, change both the fluid and filter every
100,OOO miles (160 O00 km).
7 Spark Plug Replacement* - Replacesparkplugs
with the proper type. See “Replacement Parts” in
the Index.
8 Spark Plug WireInspection** - Inspectfor
burns, cracks or other damage. Check the boot fit at
the distributor and at the spark plugs. Replace wires
as needed.
*An Emission Control Service.
The U.5’. Environmental Protection Agency has determined that the failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify the emission
warranty or limit recall liability prior to the completion of vehicle useful life. General Motors, however, urges that all recommended
maintenance services be performed at the indicated intervals and the maintenance be recorded in “Section E: Maintenance Record. ”
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296
ITEM
NO. SERVICE
9 AirCleanerFilterandCrankcaseVentilation
Filter Replacement* - Replace every 30,000 miles
(50 OOO km) or more often under dusty conditions.
Ask your dealer for the proper replacement intervals
for your driving conditions.
ITEM
NO. SERVICE
10 Fuel Tank, CapandLinesInspections** Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines (including fuel rails
and injection assembly, if equipped) for damage or
leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for an even filler neck
imprint or any damage. Replace parts as needed.
Periodic replacement of the fuel filter is not
required.
*An Emission Control Service.
fr The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has determined that the failure toper$orm this maintenance item will not nullify the emission
warranty or limit recall liability prior to the completion of vehicle useful life. General Motors, however, urges that all recommended
maintenance services be per$ormed at the indicated intervals and the maintenance be recorded in “Section E: Maintenance Record. ’’
Maintenance Schedule
Section B: Owner Checks and Services
Listed below are owner checks and services which should be
performed at the intervals specified to help ensure the
safety, dependability and emission control performance of
your vehicle.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your vehicle,
make sure they are the proper ones, as shown in Section D.
At Each Fuel Fill (/t is important foryou or a service station 8ttend8nt to perform these underhood checks at each fuel fili.)
CHECK
OR SERVICE
WHAT TO DO
J
Engine Oil Level
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if necessary. See “Engine Oil” in the Index for
further details.
Engine Coolant
Level
Check the engine coolant level in the coolant recovery tank and add the proper coolant mix if
necessary. See “Coolant” in the Index for further details.
Windshield Washer
Fluid Level
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the windshield washer tank and add the proper fluid if
necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the Index for further details.
At least Once a Month
CHECK
OR SERVICE
I
Tire Inflation
WHAT TO DO
Check tire inflation. Make sure they are inflated to the pressures specified on the Tire-Loading
Information label located on the rear edge of the driver’s door. See “Tires” in the Index for
further details.
At least Twice a Year
I
CHECK
OR SERVICE
Hydraulic Clutch
System Inspection
I
WHAT TO DO
Check the fluid level in the clutch reservoir. See “Hydraulic Clutch Fluid” inthe Index. A fluid
loss in this system could indicate a problem. Have the systeminspectedand repaired at once.
Maintenance Schedule
Section B: Owner Checks and Services (Cont.)
At lead Once a Year
CHECK
OR SERVICE
WHAT TO DO
Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant specified in Section D.
Lubricate all body door hinges, including the hatchback lid. Also lubricate all hinges and latches,
including those for the hood, rear compartment, console doors and any folding seat hardware.
Section D tells you what to use.
’.
Before you start, be sure you have enough room around tne vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake (see “Parking Brake”
in the Index if necessary) and
the regular brake.
NOTE: Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to turn off the engine immediately if it
starts.
3. On automatic transmission vehicles, try to start the engine in each gear. The starter should
work only in P (Park) or N (Neutral). If the starter works in any other position, your
vehicle needs service.
On manual transmission vehicles, put the shift lever in Neutral, push the clutch down
halfway and try to start the engine. The starter should work only when the clutch is pushed
down all the way to the floor. If the starter works when the clutch isn’t pushed all the way
down. your vehicle needs service.
1.
... 300
At
I
feast Once a Year (CONT.)
CHECK
OR SERVICE
I
1
Brake Transmission
Shift Interlock-BTS:
Steering Column Lock
WHAT TO DO
CAUTlON:
I
\ When .you are doingthischeck, the vehiclecouldmovesuddenly.Ifitdoes,you
or others could be iniured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room around the vehicle. It should be parked on
a level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake (see “Parking Brake” in the Index if necessary).
NOTE: Be ready to apply the regular brake immediately if the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the Run position, but don’t start the engine. Without
applying the regular brake, try to move the shift lever out of P (Park) with normal effort. If
the shift lever moves out of P (Park), your vehicle’s BTSI needs service.
I
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn the key to LOCK in each shift lever
position.
With an automatic transmission, the key should turn to LOCK only when the shift lever is in
P (Park).
With a manual transmission, the key should turn to LOCK only when you press the key
release button.
On vehicles with a key release button, try to turn the key to LOCK without pressing the button.
The key should turn to LOCK only with the key button depressed. On all vehicles, the key
should come out only in LOCK.
301
I
Maintenance Schedule
Section C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Listed below are inspections and services which should be
performed at least twice a year (for instance, each spring
and fall). You should let your GM dealer’s service
INSPECTION
OR SERVICE
I
department or other qualified service center do these jobs.
Make sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
WHAT SHOULD BE DONE
Steering and Suspension Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering system for damaged, loose or missing parts,
Inspection
signs
of wear, or lack
oflubrication.Inspectthepowersteeringlines
and
hoses for proper
hookup, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc.
Exhaust System
Inspection
ThrottleLinkageInspectthe
Inspection
Replace
parts
I
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect the body near the exhaust system. Look for broken,
damaged, missing or out-of-position parts as well as open seams, holes, loose connections, or
other conditions which could cause a heat build-up in the floor pan or could ].et exhaust fumes
into the vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust’’ in the Index.
throttle linkageforinterference
as needed.
or binding,and for damaged or missingparts.
303
Maintenance Schedule
Section C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections (Cont.)
INSPECTION
OR SERVICE
WHAT SHOULD BE DONE
~~
Rear Axle Service
Check the gearlubricant level in the rear axleand add if needed. See “Rear Axle”in the Index. A
fluid loss in this system may indicate a problem. Check the system and repair it if needed. If your
vehicle is used to pull a trailer, change the gear lubricant7,500
every
miles (12 500 km).
Brake System Inspection Inspect thecomplete system. Inspect brake lines and hoses for proper hookup, binding, leaks, cracks,
chafing, etc.Inspect disc brakepads for wear and rotors forsurface condition. Also inspect drum
brake linings for wear and cracks.
Inspect other brake parts,including drums, wheel cylinders,
calipers, parking brake, etc. Theparking brake is self-adjusting and no manual adjustment is
required. You may needto have your brakes inspected more often if your driving habits or conditions
result in frequent braking.
NOTE: A low brake fluid level can indicate worn disc brake pads which may need to be serviced.
Also, if the brakesystem warning light stays on or comes on, something may be wrong with the
brake system. See “Brake System Warning Light” in the Index. If your anti-lock brake system
warning light stays on, comes on or flashes, something may be wrong with the anti-lock brake
system. See“Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light” in the Index.
.
*
304
Maintenance Schedule
Section D: Recommended Fluids & Lubricants
NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identified below by name, part number or specification may be obtained from your GM
USAGE
dealer.
FLUIWLUBRICANT
Engine Oil
GM Goodwrench Motor Oil or equivalent for API service SG Energy Conserving I1 oils of the
proper viscosity. The SG designation may be shown alone or in combination with others, such as
SGKC, SGKD, or SF, SG, CC, etc. To determine the preferred viscosity for your vehicle’s
engine, see “Engine Oil” in the Index.
Engine Coolant
50/50 mixture of water (preferably distilled) and good quality ethylene glycol base antifreeze
(GM Part No. 1052753) conforming to GM Specification 1825M or approved recycled coolant
conforming to GM Specification 1825M.
Hydraulic Brake
System
Delco-Supreme 1 1 Brake Fluid (GM Part
Hydraulic Clutch
System
Hydraulic Clutch Fluid (GM Part No. 12345347) or equivalent.
Power Steering System
GM Hydraulic Power Steering Fluid (GM Part No. 1052884) or equivalent.
Manual Transmission
DEXRONm-IIE Automatic Transmission Fluid (GM Part No. 12345881).
No. 1052535) or equivalent DOT-3 Brake Fluid.
Automatic Transmission DEXRONB-IIE Automatic Transmission Fluid (GM Part No. 12345881).
Maintenance Schedule
Section D: Recommended Fluids & Lubricants (Cont.)
~-
I
~
USAGE
Key Lock Cylinders
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Lubricate with Multi-Purpose Lubricant (GM Part No. 12345120) or synthetic SAE 5W-30 engine
oil or silicone lubricant (GM Part No. 1052276or 1052277).
Automatic Transmission Engine Oil.
Shift Linkage
Clutch Linkage Pivot
Points
Engine Oil.
Floor Shift Linkage
Engine Oil.
Chassis Lubrication
Chassis lubricant meeting requirements of NLGI Grade 2, Category L I or
~ OC-LB (GM Part No.
1052497) or equivalent.
Windshield Washer
Solvent
GM Optikleen@Washer Solvent (GMPart No. 1051515) or equivalent.
Windshield & Wiper
Blades
Clean with Bon-AmiPowder@(GM Part No. 1050011).
FLUIDILUBRICANT
USAGE
Rear Axle (Standard
and Limited-Slip
Differential)
Hood Latch Assembly
a. Pivots and Spring
Anchor
b. ReleasePawl
Axle Lubricant (GM Part No. 1052271) or SAE $OW-90 GL-5 Gear Lubricant.
a. Engineoil.
b. Chassis lubricant meeting requirements of NLGI Grade 2, Category LB or GC-LB
(GM Part No. 1052497) or equivalent.
~~
~
Hood and door
hinges, rear
folding seat, fuel door
hinge, rear compartment lid hinges
Engine oil or Lubriplate Lubricant (GM Part No. 1050109).
Weatherstrips
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM Part No. 12345579) or equivalent.
See “Replacement Parts’’ in the Index for recommended replacement filters, valves and spark plugs.
Maintenance Schedule
Section E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date,
odometer reading and who performed the service in the
columns indicated. When completing the Maintenance
Performed column, insert the numbers from the Schedule I
DATE
... 308
ODOMETER
READING
or Schedule I1 maintenance charts which correspond to the
maintenance performed. Also, you should retain all
maintenance receipts. Your owner information portfolio is a
convenient place to store them.
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
309
=
Maintenance Schedule
Section E: Maintenance Record (Cant.)
DATE
'310
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
DATE
I
ODOMETER
READING
I
SERVICED BY
I
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
311
Maintenance Schedule
Section E: Maintenance Record
I
DATE
... 31 2
I
ODOMETER
READING
I
(Cont.)
SERVICED BY
I
MAINTENANCE
PERFORMED
-1
L
H e r e you will find out how to
contact Chevrolet if you need
assistance. This part also tells you
how to obtain service publications
and how to report any safety
defects.
Part 8
Customer Assistance Information
Customer Satisfaction Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GM Participation in Better Business Bureau Mediation/Arbritration Program . . . .
Reporting Safety Defects to the United States Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reporting Safety Defects to the Canadian Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chevrolet Roadside Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Service Publications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 14
316
3 18
3 18
3 19
3 19
320
Customer Assistance Information
Customer Satisfaction
Procedure
call (525) 254-3777. In Puerto Rico or
U.S. Virgin Islands, call 1-809-763- 13 15.
Your satisfaction and goodwill are
In
all other overseas locations, contact
important to yourdealer and Chevrolet.
GM International Export Sales in
Normally, any concerns with the sales
Canada bycalling 1-416-644-4 1 12.
transaction or the operation of your
STEP TWO: If after contacting a
For prompt assistance, please have the
vehicle will be resolved by your dealer’s member of Dealership Management,it
Sales or Service Departments.
appears your concern cannot be resolved following information available to give
the Customer Assistance Representative:
Sometimes, however, despite the best
by the dealership without further help,
intentions of all concerned,
contact the Chevrolet Customer
Your name, address, telephone
misunderstandings can occur. If your
Assistance Center by calling
number
concern has not been resolved to your
1-800-222- 1020. In Canada, contact
Vehicle Identification Number (This is
satisfaction, the following steps should be GM of Canada Customer Assistance
available from the vehicle registration
taken:
Center in Oshawaby calling
or title, or the plateattached to the left
STEP ONE: Discuss your concern with a 1-800-263-3777 (English) or
top of the instrument panel and visible
1-800-263-7854 (French). In Mexico,
member of dealership management.
through the windshield.)
Complaints can often be quickly resolved
Dealership name and location
at that level. If the matter has already
been reviewed with the Sales, Service, or
Parts Manager, contact the ownerof the
dealership or the General Manager.
Vehicle delivery date and present
mileage
0 Nature of concern
We encourage you to call the toll-free
number listed previously in order to give
your inquiry prompt attention. However,
if you wish to write Chevrolet, write to:
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 7047
Troy, MI 48007-7047
A listing of all Chevrolet Branch Offices
and offices outside the U.S. which can
assist you can also be found in the
warranty booklet.
0
When contacting Chevrolet, please
-emember that your concern will likely be
-esolved in the dealership, using the
lealership’s facilities, equipment and
3ersonnel. That is why we suggest you
iollow Step One first if you have a
concern.
Customer Assistance for the Hearing or
Speech Impaired (TDD)
To assist owners who have hearing
lifficulties, Chevrolet has installed
;pecial TDD (Telecommunication
Devices for the Deaf) equipment at its
Customer Assistance Center. Any hearing
or speech impaired customer who has
access to a TDD or a conventional
teletypewriter (TTY) can communicate
with Chevrolet by dialing:
I -800-TDD-CHEV (TDD users in
Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Cuslomer Assistance Information
GM Participation in
Better Business Bureau mediation/arbitration program called BBB
AUTO LINE. This progmm is
MediationlArbitration administered
by the Council of Better
Business
Bureaus
through local Better
Program*
General Motors reserves the right to
change eligibility limitations and/or to
discontinue its participation in this
program,
Our experience has shown that the
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
described earlier in this part has been very
successful in achieving customer
satisfaction. However, if you have not
been substantially satisfied, Chevrolet
wants you to be aware of GM's voluntary
participation in a no-charge
Business Bureaus. The program can
resolve individual disputes involving
vehicle repairs and the interpretation of
your New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
We prefer that you not resort to BBB
AUTO LINE until after a final decision is
made under the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure. However, you may file a claim
at any time by contacting your local
Better Business Bureau (BBB) at the
following toll-free number:
1-800-955-5 100. For further information
about filing a claim. you may also write
to:
BBB AUTO LINE
Council of Better Business Bureaus
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington. VA 22203
In order to file a claim, you will have to
provide your name and address, the
vehicle identification number (VIN) of
your vehicle. and a statement of the
nature of your complaint. BBB staff may
try to help resolve your dispute through
mediation. If mediation is not successful.
or if you do not wish to participate i n
mediation, eligible customers may present
their case to an impartial third-party
arbitrator at an informal hearing. The
arbitrator will render a decision in your
case, which you may accept or reject. If
you accept a valid arbitrator decision. G M
will be bound by that decision. The entire
dispute settlement process should
ordinarily take about 40 days from the
time you file your complaint to the time a
decision is rendered (or 47 days if you did
not first contact your dealer or Chevrolet).
We encourage you to use this program
before or instead of resorting to the
courts. We believe it offers advantages
over courts in most jurisdictions because
it is fast. free of charge, and informal
(lawyers are not usually present, although
you may retain one at your expense if you
choose). Arbitrators make decisions based
on the principles of fairness and equity.
and are not required to duplicate the
functions of courts by strictly applying
state or federal law. If you wish to go to
court. however, we do not require that
you first file a claim with BBB AUTO
LINE** unless state law provides
otherwise. Whatever your preference may
be, remember that if you are unhappy
with the results of BBB AUTO LINE, you
can still go to courl because an
arbitrator's decision is binding on GM but
not on you, unless you accept it.
Eligibility is limited by vehicle
age/mileage and other factors. For further
information concerning the program, call
the B B B at 1-800-955-5100. You may
also call the Chevrolet Customer
Assistance Center.
'%Thisprogram may not be available in
all states. depending on state law.
Canadian owners refer to your
warranty booklet.
**Some states may require that you file a
claim with BBB AUTO LINE before
resorting to state-operated procedures
(including court).
317999
Customer Assistance Information
P
.Reporting Safety
Defects to the United
States Government
become involved in individual problems
between you, your dealer, or General
Motors.
If you believe that your vehicle has a
To contact NHTSA, you may either call
defect which could cause a crash or could the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at
cause injury or death, you should
1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0 123in the
immediately inform the National
Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
Highway Traffic Safety Administration
NHTSA
(NHTSA), in addition to notifying
U.S. Department of Transportation
General Motors.
Washington, D.C. 20590
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it
may open an investigation, andif it finds You can also obtain other information
about motor vehicle safety from the
that a safety defect exists in a group of
vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy Hotline.
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot
Reporting Safety
Defects to the Canadian
Government
If you live in Canada, and you believe
that your vehicle has a safety defect, you
should immediately notify Transport
Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may
write to:
Transport Canada
Box 8880
Ottawa, Ontario K 1G 352
\‘r
Reporting Safety
Defects to General
Motors
Chevrolet Roadside
Assistance
To enhance Chevrolet’s strong
commitment to customer satisfaction,
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or
Chevrolet is excited to announce the
Transport Canada) in a situation like this, establishment of the Chevrolet Roadside
we certainly hope you’ll notify us. Please Assistance Center. As the owner of a
call us at 1-800-222- 1020 , or write:
1993 Chevrolet, membership in Roadside
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
Assistance is free.
P.O. Box 7047
Roadside Assistance is available 24 hours
Troy, MI 48007-7047
a day, 365 days a year, by calling
In Canada, please call us at
1-800-CHEV USA ( 1 -800-243-8872).
1-800-263-3777 (English) or
This toll-free number will provide you
1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
over-the-phone roadside assistance with
minor mechanical problems. If your
General Motors of Canada Limited
problem
cannot be resolved over the
Customer Assistance Center
phone, our advisors have access to a
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario LlH 8P7
nationwide network of dealer
recommended service providers. The
following services are available:
0 Towing
0 Locksmith
0 TireRepair
GlassReplacement
0 Rental car or taxi
Additional services as necessary
Customer Assistance Information
Servzce Publications
The Roadside Assistance Center uses
companies that will provide you with
quality and priority service. When
roadside services are required, our
advisors will explain any payment
obligations that may be incurred for
utilizing outside services.
For prompt assistance when calling,
please have the following available to
give to the advisor:
0 VehicleIdentificationNumber
0 Licenseplatenumber
0 Vehiclecolor
320
Vehiclelocation
Telephone number where you can be
reached
0 Vehiclemileage
0 Description of problem
Please refer to the Roadside Assistance
brochure inside your portfoliofor full
program details.
0
In Canada, call 1-800-268-6800for
details on Roadside Assistance.
Information on how to obtain Product
Service Publications and Indexes as
described below is applicable only in the
fifty U.S. states (and the District of
Columbia) and only for cars and light
trucks with GVWR less than 10,000
pounds (4 536 kg).
In Canada, information pertaining to
Product Service Bulletins and Indexes can
be obtained by writing to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Service Publications Department
1908 Colonel Sam Dr.
Oshawa, Ontario L l H 8P7
Chevrolet regularly sends its dealers
useful service bulletins about Chevrolet
products. Chevrolet monitors product
I
performance in the field. We then prepare
bulletins for servicing our products better.
Now, you can get these bulletins too.
Bulletins cover various subjects. Some
pertain to the proper use and care of your
vehicle. Some describe costly repairs.
Others describe inexpensive repairs
which, if done on time with the latest
parts, may avoid future costly repairs.
Some bulletins tell a technician how to
repair a new or unexpected condition.
Others describe a quicker way to fix your
vehicle. They can help a technician
service your vehicle better.
Most bulletins apply to conditions
affecting a small number of cars or trucks
Your Chevrolet dealer or a qualified
technician may have to determine if a
specific bulletin applies to your vehicle.
Individual PSP’s
If you don’t want to buy all the PSP’s
issued by Chevrolet for all car or truck
models in the model year, you can buy
individual PSP’s, such as those which
may pertain to a particular model. To do
this, you will first need to see our index of
PSP’s. It provides a variety of
information. Here’s what you’ll find in
the index and how you can get one:
What You’ll Find in the Index:
0 A list of all PSP’s published by
Chevrolet in a model year (1989 or
later). PSP’s covering all models of
Chevrolet cars or light trucks (less
than 10,000 pounds (4 536 kg)
GVWR) are listed in the same index.
0 Ordering information so you can buy
the specific PSP’s you may want.
0 Price information for the PSP’s you
may want to buy.
How You Can Get an Index:
Indexes are published periodically. Most
of the PSP’s which could potentially
apply to the most recent Chevrolet model:j,
321
-
Customer Assistance Information
will be listed in the most recent
Cut out the ordering form, fill it out, and
publication for that model year.This
mail it in. We will then see to it that an
means you may want to wait until the end index is mailed to you.There is no charge
for indexes for the 1989- 1993 model
of the model year before ordering an
index, if you are interested in buying
years.
PSP’s pertaining to a current model year
Toll-Free Telephone Number
car or truck.
I f you want an additional ordering form
Some PSP’s pertaining to a particular
for an index, just call toll-free and we’ll
model year vehicle may be published in
be happy to send you one. Automated
later years, and these would be listedin
recording equipment will take your name
the later year’s index.When you order an
and mailing address. The number to call
index for a model year that is not over
is 1-800-55 1-4 123.
yet, we’ll send you the most recently
published issue. Check the ordering form
for indexes forearlier model years.
9
9
- 322
A VERY IMPORTANT REMINDER:
These PSP’s are meant for technicians.
They are not meant for the
“do-it-yourselfer.” Technicians have the
equipment, tools, safety instructions, and
know-how to do a job quickly and safely.
Chevrolet Service Publications
You can get these by using the order
form:
1993 CHEVROLET SERVICE PUBLICATIONS ORDERING INFORMATION
The following publications
covering the operation
and servicingof pur vehicle can be purchasedby filling out the Service Publications Order Form
in this book and mailing it with your check, money order
or credit card informationto Helm, Incorporated(address listed below).
CURRENT PUBLICATIONSFOR 1993 CHEVROLET CAMARO
SERVICE MANUALS
PRODUCT SERVICE PUBLICATIONS
Service Manuals have the diagnosis, repair and overhaul information
Product Service Publications (PSP’s), are bulletins, letters and articles
published for trained dealer service personnel.
See Service Publica- on engines, transmission, axle, suspension, brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
tions listed previouslyin this section.
A cumulative index is published quarterly during the current model
Price
Number
Form
Model
year. The indexes
list all PSP’s published by Chevroletin the model year.
1993
Chevrolet
Camaro
. . . . . . . . . . . . . ST-368-93
$43.00
PSP Index and Summaries
‘Please specify special body or engine types on order form. Write
information in the Form Number column. For example: Turbo,
m
Year
Price
PSPI-92
1992
...............................
Free
Convertible.
PSPI-91
1991
................................
Free
OWNER’S INFORMATION
PSPI-90
1990
...............................
Free
Owner publications are written directly for owners and intended
to proPSPI-89
1989
...............................
Free
vide basic operational information about the vehicle. The Owner’s
NOTE: Form Numbers for individual Product Service Publications may
Manual includes the Maintenance Schedule
for all models.
be found in the PSP Index. Prices are $4.00 for the first PSP and $2.00
for each additional PSP on the same order.
1993 Chevrolet Camaro Owner’s Manual
In Portfolio:Includes Portfolio, Owner’s
Manualand Warranty Booklet.
PSP Bound BulletinBook (Complete Year Bulletins)
. . . . . .lo201494 $15.00
1993
Chevrolet
Camaro
In-Portfolio
NumberForm
Description
Year
Price
1991 All PSP’S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40.00
.
PSP-91-4
Without Portfolio: Includes Owner’s Manual.
1990 All PSP’S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40.00PSP-90-4
1993
Chevrolet
Camaro
Without
Portfolio. .lo193571
$11.00
For subscription information call Helm, Incorporated.
Address all inquiries to: HELM,INCORPORATED
CURRENT & PAST MODEL ORDER FORMS
PO. Box 07130
Service Publications are available for current and past model Chevrolet
Detroit, MI 48207
vehicles. To request an order form, please specify year and model
name of vehicle.
Credit Card Orders ONLY: 1-800-782-4356
For information and inquiries call: (313) 883-1430
323
9
9
Notes
324
Index
A d d i n g Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240 AM/FM Stereo
With Cassette Tape Player . . . . . . 117
Add-on ElectricalEquipment .... 275
With Compact Disc Player.
25
AirBags ......................
Delco-Base@ ............. 121
How theSystemWorks . . . . . . . . 27
AM Stereo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Servicing Your Chevrolet with
theSystem ................ 30 Antenna.FixedMast ........... 129
SystemLight ................ 26 Anti-lockBrakes(ABS) ......... 143
SystemWarningLight ........ 101
AirCleaner ................... 230
ToUse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Air Conditioner Controls . . . . . . . . . 112
Air Control Knob ............... 110 AppearanceCare .............. 265
Air Filter Replacement .......... 231 Appearance Care and
MaintenanceMaterials . . . . . . . . 274
Alignment and Tire Balance.
Appearance
Care. Service and .... 217
Wheel ..................... 262
AluminumWheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271 AshtrayandLighter ............. 94
AM ......................... 127 Ashtray.Front ................. 94
Audio Systems ................. 115
Audio Systems. Comfort
Controlsand ................ 109
AutomaticTransmission . . . . . . . . . 62
AutomaticTransmissionFluid . . . . 233
Axle. Limited-Slip Rear .......... 70
Axle.Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
Backing Up (with a Trailer) ..... 178
Balance. Wheel Alignment
andTire ................... 262
Battery ......................
246
Beams.High .................. 154
Before Leaving on a Long Trip . . . 163
Belt.Lap-Shoulder .............. 21
Better Business Bureau
MediatiodArbitration Program
GM Participation in ........ 316
Bi-LevelHeating ............... 111
Blizzard. If You’re Caught in a . . . 172
Box. Glove .................... 92
329
. .
Brakes
Adjustment ................. 146
Anti-lock(ABS) ............. 143
Fluid ......................
245
MasterCylinder ............. 244
70
Parking .....................
PedalTravel ................ 146
RearDrum ................. 145
System Parts. Replacing ....... 246
SystemWarningLight ........ 100
Trailer .....................
177
Wear Indicators.Disc ......... 145
Braking (Control of a Vehicle) .... 141
Braking in Emergencies ......... 146
“Break.1n. NewVehicle ........ 55
BrightnessControl .............. 85
..
9
330
BulbReplacement . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HeadlightAiming . . . . . . . . . . . .
Headlights .................
Center High-Mounted
Stoplight .................
FrontTurnSignal ............
RearLights .................
RearSidemarker .............
Bulbs.Halogen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bulbs.Replacement ............
247
248
248
252
252
253
254
247
279
Capacities andSpecifications ... 280
CarbonMonoxide .............. 75
Care of Safety Belts ............ 269
Cassette and Compact Disc
Storage ..................... 93
Cassette Tape Player.
AM/FM Stereo with ........... 117
Cassette Tape Player. Care
of Your ....................
128
Cassette Tape. To Play a
AM/FM Stereo with Cassette
Tape Player ................ 119
Chains.Safety ................ 177
Chains.Tire .................. 264
Changing a Flat Tire ............ 205
CheckGagesLight ............. 105
Checking Things under the
Hood ......................
223
CheckingYourRestraintSystem ... 45
Chemical Paint Spotting ......... 273
ChevroletRoadsideAssistance . . . 319
Chevrolet Service Publications
(OrderingInformation) ....... 323
ChildRestraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
RearSeat ................... 38
RightFrontSeat .............. 40
Top Strap ................... 37
Where to Put the .............. 36
Children (Safety Belts) ........... 34
Children Larger (Safety Belts) ..... 43
CigaretteLighter ............... 95
Circuit Breakers. Fuses and . . . . . . 276
CityDriving .................. 160
Cleaner.Air .................. 230
Cleaning
Fabric. Using Foam-Type
Cleaneron ............... 266
Fabric. Using Solvent-Type
Cleaneron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267
Glass ...................... 269
Problems.Special ............ 268
The Inside of Your Chevrolet ... 266
The Outsideof the Windshield
andWiperBlades .......... 270
The Outsideof Your
Chevrolet ................ 270
The Top of the Instrument
Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Twin Lift-off
RoofPanels .............. 270
Vinyl or Leather ............. 269
Clock. Setting the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Close-OutPanel ................ 93
Clutch.Hydraulic .............. 237
Color of Road Signs ............ 132
Comfort Controls ............... 110
Comfort Controls and Audio
Systems ................... 109
Compact Disc Player.Delco-Base@
AMEM Stereo with .......... 121
Compact Disc. Care ofYour ..... 129
Compact Disc Storage.
Cassetteand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Compact Disc. To Play a ........ 122
CompactSpare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 214
Compartments.Storageand . . . . . . . 92
Console Storage. Front . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Control of a Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Control.Loss of ............... 151
Controls
Air Conditioner .............. 112
Brightness .................. 85
comfort ....................
110
Cruise ......................
80
Featuresand ................. 47
Heater ......................
110
MainLight .................. 85
SeatsandSeat ............... 12
Coolant
Adding ....................
240
Engine .................... 238
How to Add to the Coolant
RecoveryTank ............ 197
How to Add to the
Radiator ............. 199. 201
Temperature Gage. Engine ..... 102
...332
113
Cooling .......................
CoolingSystem ............... 195
CourtesyLights ................ 86
CruiseControl ................. 80
Passing Another Vehicle
WhileUsing ............... 83
ToEraseSpeedMemory
....... 84
To Get Out of ................ 84
To Increase Speed While
82
Using ....................
To Reduce Speed While
Using .................... 83
To Resume a Set Speed ........ 81
ToSet ......................
81
UsingonHills ............... 83
Curves.Drivingon ............. 146
Customer Assistance
Information ................ 313
Customer Satisfaction Procedure . . 314
Daytime Running Lights ........ 85
Deep Snow. If You’re
Stuckin ................... 173
Deep Standing Water.
Drivingthrough .............. 61
Defects. Safety
Reporting to General Motors ... 319
Reporting to the Canadian
Government .............. 318
Reporting to the United
StatesGovernment ......... 318
DefensiveDriving ............. 136
Defogger.RearWindow ......... 114
Defogging and Defrosting
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 12
Delco-Base@ AM/FM Stereo
withCompactDisc Player . . . . . 121
Delco-Loc II/Theft-Deterrent
Feature ....................
124
DiscBrake Wear Indicators ...... 145
DoingYourOwn Service Work . . . 218
Door Locks ....................
50
DoorLocks.Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1
Downhill. Parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
DriverPosition (Safety Belt) . . . . . . 21
Driving
A Long Distance . . . . . . . . . . . .
AtNight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
City .......................
Defensive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drunken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Freeway ...................
In Fog. Mist and Haze . . . . . . . .
In the Rain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
On Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
On Grades (with a Trailer) .....
On Snow or Ice . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Through Deep Standing Water . .
Winter .....................
With a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drunken Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
163
153
160
136
137
161
158
155
146
179
170
61
170
177
137
Electric MirrorControl . . . . . . . . . 88
Electrical Center.Underhood . . . . . 278
Electrical Equipment. Add-on . . . . 275
Emergencies.Brakingin
. . . . . . . . 146
Emergencies. Steering in ........ 148
Engine
BlockHeater ................ 61
Coolant .................... 238
Coolant Temperature Gage . . . . 102
Exhaust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275
Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226
Oil Pressure Gage ............ 104
Overheating ................ 193
Starting Your . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Entering the Freeway . . . . . . . . . . . 161
Environment. Your Vehicle
andthe ....................
286
333.
..
Index
Exhaust.Engine ................ 74
Extender.SafetyBelt ............ 44
F a b r i c Protection ............. 267
Fan Control Knob .............. 110
FeaturesandControls
........... 47
Filling YourTank .............. 222
FinishCare(Paint) ............. 271
FinishDamage(Paint) .......... 273
FixedMastAntenna ............ 129
Flashers.HazardWarning
....... 184
Flat Tire. Changing a ........... 205
Flat. If a Tire Goes ............. 204
FloorMats ....................
95
Fluid.AutomaticTransmission ... 233
Fluid. Manual Transmission ...... 235
Fluid. Power Steering ........... 242
.
334
Fluid.WindshieldWasher .......
Fluids and Lubricants.
Recommended ..............
FM Stereo ....................
FogLights ....................
Fog. Mist and Haze.
Drivingin ..................
Fog.TipsonDriving in .........
Following Distance (with a
Trailer) ....................
ForeignCountries.Fuelsin ......
Foreign Material Paint Damage ...
Freeway
Drivingonthe ..............
Enteringthe ................
Leavingthe .................
243
305
127
86
158
159
178
222
272
161
161
162
Front
Ashtray .....................
94
ConsoleStorage .............. 92
MapLights .................. 87
Seat.Manual ................ 12
Seatbacks.Reclining .......... 13
Towing Hook-ups ............ 191
Fuel ........................
219
FuelGage ....................
100
Fuels in Foreign Countries ....... 222
FuseBlock.Main .............. 277
FusesandCircuitBreakers ...... 276
Gages
Engine Coolant Temperature ... 102
Engine Oil Pressure .......... 104
Fuel ...................... 100
Warning Lights and Indicators ... 99
Gasolines for Cleaner Air . . . . . . . 221
Glass ........................ 269
Glove Box ....................
92
GM Participation in Better ...........
Business Bureau Mediation/
Arbitration Program . . . . . . . . 3 16
H a l o g e n Bulbs ............... 247
HatchRelease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
HatchRelease.Remote . . . . . . . . . . 51
HazardWarning Flashers ........ 184
Head Restraints ................ 14
HeadlightAiming .............. 248
Headlight Highbow Beam ....... 78
Heater Controls ................110
Heater.EngineBlock . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Heating .......................
11 1
Heating. Bi-Level ............... 1 1 1
HighBeams .................. 154
HighwayHypnosis ............. 164
Hill and Mountain Roads . . . . . . . . 165
Hills.Parking on .............. 168
Hitches ......................
176
HoodRelease ................. 223
Hood. Checking Things
under the ................... 223
Hook-UpsFrontTowing ........ 19 1
Hook-Ups. Rear Towing . . . . . . . . 192
Horn ......................... 76
How to Add Coolant to the
CoolantRecoveryTank ....... 197
How to Add Coolant to the
Radiator ............... 199.201
HydraulicClutch .............. 237
Hydroplaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Hypnosis.Highway . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
Identification Number.
Vehicle .................... 275
If a Tire Goes Flat ............. 204
If You’re Stuck in Deep
Snow .....................
173
If You’re Stuck: In Sand.
Mud. Ice or Snow ............ 215
Ignition Switch ................. 55
Inflatable Restraint. Supplemental . . 25
335
. .
Inflation .
Tire Pressure ......... 257
InstrumentPanel ............... 96
Instrument Panel and Clusters ..... 98
Instrument Panel. Cleaning the
Top of .....................
269
InteriorLights ................. 86
JumpStarting
Keys
................
........................
L a n e Change Indicator.
TurnSignal and ..............
Lap-Shoulder Belt (Safety
Belts) ......................
Larger Children (Seats and
SafetyBelts) .................
Latches.FrontSeatback ..........
9
9
9
336
185
48
77
21
43
14
LeavingtheFreeway ........... 162
Leaving Your Vehicle with the
EngineRunning .............. 72
Lighter. Ashtray and ............. 94
Lights
AirBagSystem .............. 26
Anti-lock Brake System
Warning ................. 101
BrakeSystemWarning ........ 100
BulbReplacement ........... 279
CheckGages ............... 105
Courtesy ....................
86
Daytime Running ............. 85
Fog ........................
86
FrontMap ................... 87
GagesandIndicators.Warning . . 99
Interior .....................
86
Low Coolant ................ 105
Low Oil ................... 105
MainControl ................ 85
MalfunctionIndicatorLamp . . . 103
Operation of ................. 84
Safety Belt Reminder .......... 20
ServiceEngineSoon ......... 103
Traffic .....................
134
Lights On Reminder ............. 85
Limited-SlipRearAxle .......... 70
Loading Your Vehicle .......... 255
Locks
Door .......................
50
PowerDoor ................. 51
Long Distance. Driving a ........ 163
Loss of Control ............... 151
LowCoolantLight ............. 105
Low OilLight ................ 105
M a i n Fuse Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277
Main Light Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Maintenance
Inspections. Periodic . . . . . . . . . 303
Materials. Appearance
Care and . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274
Record ....................
308
Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285
Services. Scheduled . . . . . . . . . . 289
When Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . 18 1
Making Turns (With a Trailer) . . . . 178
Malfunction Indicator Lamp . . . . . 103
Manual
Four-Way Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Front Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Remote Control Mirror . . . . . . . . 88
Transmission (Five-Speed) . . . . . 66
Transmission (Six-Speed) . . . . . . 67
Transmission Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . 235
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Map Lights. Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
MapPocket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Markings. Pavement . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Master Cylinder. Brake . . . . . . . . . 244
Mirrors .......................
87
Convex Outside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Electric Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Inside Daymight Rearview ..... 87
Manual Adjust ............... 87
Manual Remote Control . . . . . . . . 88
VisorVanity. Covered . . . . . . . . . 94
N e w Vehicle “Break-In’’ . . . . . . . 55
Night
Driving at . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Driving Suggestions. A Few
More . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Vision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Odometer. Speedometer and . . . . . 98
Odometer. Trip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Off-Road Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Officer. Traffic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Oil. Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226
Operation of Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Overheating. Engine ........... 193
Owner Checks and Services ...... 298
337
9
9
I
9
Index
P
(Park) Shifting into ........... 71
P (Park), Shifting out of .......... 72
Paint
Chemical Spotting ........... 273
Finish Care ................. 271
FinishDamage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273
Foreign Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272
Parking
Brake ...................... 70
Downhill .................. 168
OnHills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
On Hills (with a Trailer) . . . . . . . 180
Over Things ThatBurn ........ 74
Uphill ..................... 168
YourVehicle ................. 73
9
9
9
338
PASS-Key II@ ................. 53
PassengerPosition (Safety Belts) . . 32
Rear Seat ................... 32
RightFront .................. 32
Passing ...................... 149
Passing(withaTrailer) ......... 178
Pavement Markings ............ 135
PedalTravel,Brake ............ 146
Periodic Maintenance
Inspections ................. 303
Power
DoorLocks .................. 51
Seat, Six-way ................ 13
Steering ................... 146
Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Pregnancy, Safety Belt Use
31
during ......................
Problems on the Road . . . . . . . . . . 183
Publications, Service ........... 320
Questions Many People Ask about
Safety Belts - and the Answers,
Here are .................. 19
Radiator Pressure Cap ......... 241
Radio ReceptionUnderstanding . . 127
Radio, To Play the
AM/FM Stereo with Cassette
Tape Player ................1 17
Delco-Base@ AM/FM Stereo
with Compact Disc Player ..... 121
Rain,Drivinginthe ............ 155
Rainy Weather Tips. Some
Other ..................... 157
237
RearAxle ....................
RearAxle.Limited-Slip .......... 70
RearDrumBrakes ............. 145
Rear Seat Passengers (Safety
32
Belts) ......................
RearSeatback.Folding . . . . . . . . . . 15
RearTowingHook-Ups ......... 192
Rear Window Defogger . . . . . . . . . . 1 14
RecliningFrontSeatbacks ........ 13
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants ................. 305
Recovery.Off-Road ............ 149
Release
51
Hatch ......................
Hood ...................... 223
RemoteHatch ................ 51
...... 20
ReminderLight.SafetyBelt
Reminder.LightsOn ............ 85
RemoteHatchRelease ........... 51
Replacement Bulbs
(PartNumbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279
Replacement
Air Filter ................... 231
Bulb(Service) .............. 247
281
Parts ......................
Wheel .....................
263
Wheels.Used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264
Replacing Brake System Parts . . . . 246
Replacing Safety Belts after
aCrash ..................... 45
Reporting Safety Defects
To GeneralMotors ........... 319
To the Canadian Government . 3 18
To the United States
Government .............. 318
Restraints
Checking YourSystem ......... 45
Child . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Where to Put the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Road Signs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Colorof ................... 132
Shapeof ................... 133
Symbols on ................. 134
Road. Problems on the .......... 183
.
339
.
Index
Road. Your Driving and the ...... 131
Roads.HillandMountain
....... 165
Roadside Assistance. Chevrolet . . . 3 19
Rocking Your Vehicle to
GetitOut .................. 216
Roof Panels. Twin Lift-off ....... 88
RunningLights.Daytime ......... 85
Running Your Engine while
You’reParked ................ 75
Safety Belts
Adults ......................
21
Airbags ....................
25
Careof ....................
269
Children ....................
34
Extender ....................
44
HowtoWearProperly ......... 21
340
Lap-Shoulder ................ 2 1
LargerChildren .............. 43
QuestionsPeople Ask ......... 19
ReminderLight .............. 20
Replacing after a Crash ........ 45
Seatsand ....................
11
Smaller Children and Babies .... 35
They’re for Everyone .......... 15
UseduringPregnancy ......... 31
WhyTheyWork .............. 17
SafetyChains ................. 177
Safety Defects
Reporting to General Motors ... 319
Reporting to the Canadian
Government .............. 318
Reporting to the United
States Government ......... 3 18
SafetyWarningsandSymbols ...... 7
Schedule.Maintenance ......... 285
Scheduled Maintenance Services . . 289
Seats
And Safety Belts ......;....... 11
And Seat Controls ............ 12
Manual Front ................ 12
Manual. Four-Way ............ 12
Power.Six-Way .............. 13
Seatback
FoldingRear ................. 15
Latches.Front ............... 14
RecliningFront .............. 13
Securing a Child Restraint
RearSeat ................... 38
RightFrontSeat .............. 40
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 18
and Appearance Care ......... 2 17
EngineSoonLight . . . . . . . . . . . 103
PartsIdentificationLabel . . . . . . 275
Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320
Publications Ordering
Information.Chevrolet ...... 323
Work. Doing Your Own ....... 2 18
Setting the Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Shape of RoadSigns . . . . . . . . . . . 133
SheetMetalDamage . . . . . . . . . . . 272
ShiftSpeeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Shifting into P (Park) . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Shifting out of P (Park) . . . . . . . . . . 72
Signals. YourOwn . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Signs.Road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Skidding .....................
15 1
Smaller Children and Babies
(SafetyBelts) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Snow or Ice. Driving on . . . . . . . . . 170
Spare.Compact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 14
Speakers. Adjusting the
AM/FM Stereo with Cassette
Tape Player ................ 119
Delco-Base@ AM/FM Stereo with
CompactDiscPlayer ....... 122
Specifications.Capacitiesand .... 280
Speedometer and Odometer ....... 98
Starting YourEngine ............ 57
Starting.Jump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Steam Coming from Your
Engine.IfThere Is ........... 194
Steam. If There Is No ........... 194
Steering ..................... 146
Fluid.Power ................ 242
In Emergencies .............. 148
146
Power .....................
Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
StorageandCompartments ....... 92
Storage.Vehicle ............... 247
Stuck: In Sand. Mud. Ice or
Snow.IfYou’re
............. 215
Sunshades. T-Top ............... 90
SunVisors .................... 94
Supplemental Inflatable
RestraintSystem(AirBag) ..... 25
Switch.Ignition ................ 55
SymbolsonRoadSigns ......... 134
Symbols.SafetyWarningsand
..... 7
Symbols.Vehicle ................ 9
Index
T T o p Sunshades .............. 90
Tachometer .................... 99
Tank.FillingYour
............. 222
TemperatureControlKnob ....... 110
Theft .........................
52
Theft Deterrent Feature/
Delco-Loc I1 ................ 124
How to Change Your Security
127
Code ....................
Setting Your Security
Code .................... 124
Shutting off the .............. 125
Unlocking the Audio System
after aPowerFailure . . . . . . . 126
Thermostat ................... 242
TiltWheel ..................... 76
Tips. Steering ................. 146
... 342
Tips. Ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 14
TireLoading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255
Tires ........................
256
Balance. Wheel
Alignmentand . . . . . . . . . . . . 262
BuyingNew . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259
Chains .................... 264
ChangingaFlat ............. 205
Inflation Pressure ............ 257
InspectionandRotation . . . . . . . 258
TemperatureGrades . . . . . . . . . . 261
Total Weight on Your
Vehicle’s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
TractionGrades . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261
Treadwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 1
UniformQualityGrading . . . . . . 260
WhenIt’sTime for New . . . . . . 259
White Sidewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272
Tone. Setting the
AM/FM Stereo with Cassette
Tape Player ................ 118
Delco-Base@ AMEM Stereo
withCompactDiscPlayer . . . 122
Top Strap (Child Restraints) . . . . . . . 37
Torque Lock (Automatic
Transmission) ............... 169
Towing
A Trailer ................... 173
FrontHook-Ups ............. 191
Rear Hook-Ups . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192
YourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190
TrafficLights ................. 134
Traffic Officer ................ 136
Trailer
BackingUpwith a ...........
Brakes ....................
Driving on Grades with a . . . . . .
Drivingwitha ..............
Following Distance with a .....
If You Do Decide to Pull a .....
MakingTurns with a .........
Parking on Hills with a ........
Passingwitha ..............
Tongue.Weightof the ........
Towing a ...................
...
Towing.MaintenanceWhen
Turn Signals When
Towing a .................
Weightofthe ...............
When You Are Readyto Leave
after Parking on a Hill ........
178
177
179
177
178
174
178
180
178
176
173
181
179
175
180
Transmission
Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Fluid.Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . 233
Fluid.Manual ............... 235
Manual(Five-Speed) .......... 66
Manual(Six-Speed) . . . . . . . . . . . 67
TripOdometer ................. 99
Turn Signal and Lane
ChangeIndicator ............. 77
Turn Signalmeadlight Beam
Lever.the ................... 77
Turn Signals When Towing
aTrailer ................... 179
Twin Lift-off Roof Panels ........ 88
Underbody Maintenance .......
UnderhoodElectricalCenter .....
Uphill.Parking ................
Used Replacement Wheels . . . . . . .
273
278
168
264
Vehicle
Control of a ................ 140
DamageWarnings ............. 8
Dimensions ................ 283
EnvironmentandYour . . . . . . . . 288
IdentificationNumber (VIN) . . . 275
LoadingYour ............... 255
Parking Your ................ 73
Storage ....................
247
Symbols .....................
9
TowingYour ................ 190
Washing Your ............... 270
343
.
Index
Ventilation ....................
112
Ventilation System. Flow-Through . 114
VentilationTips ................ 114
Vision.Night ................. 153
Visor Vanity Mirror. Covered ...... 94
Visors. Sun .................... 94
Voltmeter ....................
103
Devices.Other .............. 184
HazardFlashers ............. 184
Lights.GagesandIndicators .... 99
Safety ....................... 7
VehicleDamage ............... 8
WasherFluid.Windshield ....... 243
Washer.Windshield ............. 79
WashingYourVehicle .......... 270
.
344
Weatherstrips ................. 272
Weight of the Trailer ........... 175
Weight of the Trailer Tongue ..... 176
Weight. Total on Your Vehicle’s
Tires ...................... 176
WheelNutTorque ............. 281
Wheels
Alignment and TireBalance ... 262
Aluminum ................. 271
Replacement ................ 263
Tilt ........................ 76
UsedReplacement ........... 264
Where to Put the Restraint
(Children andSafetyBelts) ..... 36
Why Safety BeltsWork .......... 17
Windows ..................... 75
Defogging and Defrosting . . . . . . 112
Manual ..................... 75
Power ...................... 76
Rear Defogger ............... 114
Windshield
And Wiper Blades.
Cleaning the Outside of the . . 270
Washer .....................
79
WasherFluid ............... 243
Wipers .....................
78
WinterDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
Wipers.Windshield ............. 78
Your DrivingandtheRoad
..... 131
Your Own Signals ............. 135
Notes
345
Notes
Notes
347
Notes
.
I
.
348
rates
1
Notes
1
Notes
351
.
Service Station Information
Hood Release
See Page 223.
Windshield Washer Fluid Reservorr
See Page 243.
Battery
The Delco Freedom@ battery needs no water.
See Page 246.
Cooling System Reservoir
Engine Oil Dipstick and Fill
Cap
(3.4L L32 (CodeS ) Engine)
See Page 226.
Engine Oil Dipstick andFill Cap
(5.7L LT1 (CodeP)Engine)
See Page 226.
Cold Tire Pressure
Check coolant at the coolant recovery tank
by
using the dipstick. Add coolant at the coolant
recovery tank.The fluid should beat or a
little abovethe FULL HOT mark on the
dipstick when the engine is warm. If the
engine is cool, the level should be FULL
at
COLD on the dipstick.
See Page 238.
See Tire-Loading Information label on the inside
of the rear edge of the driver's door.
See Page 255.
Fuel Cap
Capacity 15.5.U.S.gallons (58.7L).
Use unleaded gas only, 87 octane
or higher for
the 3.4L L32 (Code S ) engine, 91 octane or
higher for the 5.7L LT1 (CodeP)engine.
See Page 219.
_?areTire Pressure
Compact spare: 60 psi (420 kPa).
See Page 214.
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