Miller Electric MC-80M Owner`s manual

May 1995
Form: OM-1592A
OWNER’S
MANUAL
MC-80 And MC-80M
Air-Cooled Plasma Arc Cutting (PAC) Torches
Can Be Used For Plasma Arc Gouging (PAG)
80 Amperes, 120 Volts DC At 100% Duty Cycle
Safety Interlock Devices Shut Down Power Source
Hand-Held Torch Equipped With Either 25 Or 50 ft (7.6 Or 15.2 m) Cable
Machine-Held Torch Equipped With 50 ft (15.2 m) Cable
Fully Assembled And Supplied With Consumable Kit
Read and follow these instructions and all
safety blocks carefully.
Give this manual to the operator.
Have only trained and qualified persons
install, operate, or service this unit.
For help, call your distributor
Call your distributor if you do not understand
the directions.
or: MILLER Electric Mfg. Co., P.O. Box 1079,
Appleton, WI 54912
414-734-9821
cover 5/94 – Ref. ST-800 895
 1995 MILLER Electric Mfg. Co.
PRINTED IN USA
From Miller to You
Thank you and congratulations on choosing Miller. Now
you can get the job done and get it done right. We know
you don’t have time to do it any other way.
That’s why when Niels Miller first started building arc
welders in 1929, he made sure his products offered
long-lasting value and superior quality. Like you, his
customers couldn’t afford anything less. Miller products
had to be more than the best they could be. They had to
be the best you could buy.
Today, the people that build and sell Miller products continue the
tradition. They’re just as committed to providing equipment and service
that meets the high standards of quality and value established in 1929.
This Owner’s Manual is designed to help you get the most out of your
Miller products. Please take time to read the Safety precautions. They will
help you protect yourself against potential hazards on the worksite. We’ve
made installation and operation quick and easy.
With Miller you can count on years of reliable
service with proper maintenance. And if for
some reason the unit needs repair, there’s a
Troubleshooting section that will help you
Miller is the first welding figure out what the problem is. The parts list
equipment manufacturer in will then help you to decide which exact part
the U.S.A. to be registered to
the ISO 9001 Quality System you may need to fix the problem. Warranty and
Standard.
service information for your particular model
are also provided.
Miller Electric manufactures a full line
of welders and welding related equipment.
For information on other quality Miller
products, contact your local Miller distributor
to receive the latest full line catalog or
individual catalog sheets. To locate your nearest
distributor or service agency call 1-800-4-A-Miller,
or visit us at www.MillerWelds.com on the web.
Working as hard as you do
– every power source from
Miller is backed by the most
hassle-free warranty in the
business.
Miller offers a Technical
Manual which provides
more detailed service and
parts information for your
unit. To obtain a Technical
Manual, contact your local
distributor. Your distributor
can also supply you with
Welding Process Manuals
such as SMAW, GTAW,
GMAW, and GMAW-P.
PLASMA ARC CUTTING SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
WARNING
PLASMA ARC CUTTING can be hazardous.
PROTECT YOURSELF AND OTHERS FROM POSSIBLE SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH. KEEP CHILDREN
AWAY. PACEMAKER WEARERS KEEP AWAY UNTIL CONSULTING YOUR DOCTOR.
In cutting, as in most jobs, exposure to certain hazards occurs. Cutting is safe when precautions are taken. The
safety information given below is only a summary of the more complete safety information that will be found in the
Safety Standards listed on the next page. Read and follow all Safety Standards.
HAVE ALL INSTALLATION, OPERATION, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR WORK PERFORMED ONLY BY
QUALIFIED PEOPLE.
CUTTING can cause fire or explosion.
Hot metal and sparks blow out from the cutting arc.
The flying sparks and hot metal, hot workpiece, and
hot equipment can cause fires and burns. Check and
be sure the area is safe before doing any cutting.
7. Do not cut on closed containers such as tanks or drums.
8. Connect work cable to the work as close to the cutting area as
practical to prevent cutting current from traveling long, possibly
unknown paths and causing electric shock and fire hazards.
9. Never cut containers with potentially flammable materials inside
– they must be emptied and properly cleaned first.
1. Protect yourself and others from flying sparks and hot metal.
2. Do not cut where flying sparks can strike flammable material.
3. Remove all flammables within 35 ft (10.7 m) of the cutting arc. If
this is not possible, tightly cover them with approved covers.
4. Be alert that sparks and hot materials from cutting can easily go
through small cracks and openings to adjacent areas.
5. Watch for fire, and keep a fire extinguisher nearby.
6. Be aware that cutting on a ceiling, floor, bulkhead, or partition can
cause fire on the hidden side.
10. Do not cut in atmospheres containing explosive dust or vapors.
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
8. Check and be sure that input power cord ground wire is properly
connected to ground terminal in disconnect box or that cord plug
is connected to a properly grounded receptacle outlet – always
verify the supply ground.
9. When making input connections, attach proper grounding
conductor first.
10. Frequently inspect input power cord for damage or bare wiring –
replace cord immediately if damaged – bare wiring can kill.
11. Turn off all equipment when not in use.
12. Inspect and replace any worn or damaged torch cable leads.
13. Do not wrap torch cable around your body.
14. Ground the workpiece to a good electrical (earth) ground if
required by codes.
15. Use only well-maintained equipment. Repair or replace
damaged parts at once.
16. Wear a safety harness if working above floor level.
17. Keep all panels and covers securely in place.
18. Do not bypass or try to defeat the safety interlock systems.
19. Use only torch(es) specified in Owner’s Manual.
20. Keep away from torch tip and pilot arc when trigger is pressed.
21. Clamp work cable with good metal-to-metal contact to workpiece
(not piece that will fall away) or worktable as near the cut as
practical.
Touching live electrical parts can cause fatal shocks
or severe burns. The torch and work circuit is
electrically live whenever the output is on. The input
power circuit and machine internal circuits are also
live when power is on. Plasma arc cutting requires
higher voltages than welding to start and maintain the
arc (200 to 400 volts dc are common), but also uses torches designed
with safety interlock systems which turn off the machine when the
shield cup is loosened or if tip touches electrode inside the nozzle.
Incorrectly installed or improperly grounded equipment is a hazard.
1. Do not touch live electrical parts.
2. Wear dry, hole-free insulating gloves and body protection.
3. Insulate yourself from work and ground using dry insulating mats
or covers big enough to prevent any physical contact with the
work or ground.
4. Do not touch torch parts if in contact with the work or ground.
5. Turn off power before checking, cleaning, or changing torch
parts.
6. Disconnect input power before installing or servicing this
equipment. Lockout/tagout input power according to OSHA CFR
1910.147 (see Safety Standards).
7. Properly install and ground this equipment according to its
Owner’s Manual and national, state, and local codes.
11. Do not cut pressurized cylinders, pipes, or vessels.
12. Do not cut containers that have held combustibles.
13. Wear oil-free protective garments such as leather gloves, heavy
shirt, cuffless trousers, high shoes, and a cap.
14. Do not locate unit on or over combustible surfaces.
15. Remove any combustibles, such as a butane lighter or matches,
from your person before doing any cutting.
ARC RAYS can burn eyes and skin.
NOISE can damage hearing.
Arc rays from the cutting process produce intense
visible and invisible (ultraviolet and infrared) rays that
can burn eyes and skin.
Prolonged noise from some cutting applications can
damage hearing if levels exceed limits specified by
OSHA (see Safety Standards).
1. Wear face protection (helmet or shield) with correct shade of filter
to protect your face and eyes when cutting or watching. ANSI
Z49.1 (see Safety Standards) suggests a No. 9 shade (with No. 8
as minimum) for all cutting currents less than 300 amperes.
Z49.1 adds that lighter filter shades may be used when the arc is
hidden by the workpiece. As this is normally the case with low
current cutting, the shades suggested in Table 1 are provided for
the operator’s convenience.
2. Wear approved safety glasses with side shields.
3. Use protective screens or barriers to protect others from flash
and glare; warn others not to watch the arc.
4. Wear protective clothing made from durable, flame-resistant
material (wool and leather) and foot protection.
1. Use approved ear plugs or ear muffs if noise level is high.
2. Warn others nearby about noise hazard.
Table 1. Eye Protection For Plasma Arc Cutting
Current Level In Amperes
Below 20
20 – 40
40 – 60
60 – 80
Minimum Shade Number
#4
#5
#6
#8
sr2 11/92
FUMES AND GASES can be hazardous
to your health.
Cutting produces fumes and gases. Breathing these
fumes and gases can be hazardous to your health.
1. Keep your head out of the fumes. Do not breathe the fumes.
2. If inside, ventilate the area and/or use exhaust at the arc to
remove cutting fumes and gases.
3. If ventilation is poor, use an approved air-supplied respirator.
4. Read the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) and the
manufacturer’s instruction for metals to be cut, coatings, and
cleaners.
PLASMA ARC can cause injury.
The heat from the plasma arc can cause serious
burns. The force of the arc adds greatly to the burn
hazard. The intensely hot and powerful arc can
quickly cut through gloves and tissue.
1. Keep away from the torch tip.
2. Do not grip material near the cutting path.
FLYING SPARKS AND HOT METAL can
cause injury.
Chipping and grinding cause flying metal. As welds
cool, they can throw off slag.
CYLINDERS can explode if damaged.
Gas cylinders contain gas under high pressure. If
damaged, a cylinder can explode. Since gas cylinders
are normally part of metalworking processes, be sure
to treat them carefully.
1. Protect compressed gas cylinders from excessive heat,
mechanical shocks, slag, open flame, sparks, and arcs.
2. Install and secure cylinders in an upright position by chaining
them to a stationary support or equipment cylinder rack to
prevent falling or tipping.
5. Work in a confined space only if it is well ventilated, or while
wearing an air-supplied respirator. Fumes from cutting and
oxygen depletion can alter air quality causing injury or death. Be
sure the breathing air is safe.
6. Do not cut in locations near degreasing, cleaning, or spraying
operations. The heat and rays of the arc can react with vapors to
form highly toxic and irritating gases.
7. Do not cut on coated metals, such as galvanized, lead, or
cadmium plated steel, unless the coating is removed from the
cutting area, the area is well ventilated, and if necessary, while
wearing an air-supplied respirator. The coatings and any metals
containing these elements can give off toxic fumes when cut.
8. Do not cut containers with toxic or reactive materials inside or
containers that have held toxic or reactive materials – they must
be emptied and properly cleaned first.
3. The pilot arc can cause burns – keep away from torch tip when
trigger is pressed.
4. Wear proper flame-retardant clothing covering all exposed body
areas.
5. Point torch away from your body and toward work when pressing
the torch trigger – pilot arc comes on immediately.
6. Turn off power source and disconnect input power before
disassembling torch or changing torch parts.
7. Use only torch(es) specified in the Owner’s Manual.
1. Wear approved face shield or safety goggles with side shields.
2. Wear proper body protection to protect skin.
3. Wear flame-resistant ear plugs or ear muffs to prevent sparks
from entering ears.
3. Keep cylinders away from any cutting or other electrical circuits.
4. Never allow electrical contact between a plasma arc torch and a
cylinder.
5. Never cut on a pressurized cylinder – explosion will result.
6. Use only correct gas cylinders, regulators, hoses, and fittings
designed for the specific application; maintain them and
associated parts in good condition.
7. Turn face away from valve outlet when opening cylinder valve.
8. Keep protective cap in place over valve except when cylinder is
in use or connected for use.
9. Read and follow instructions on compressed gas cylinders,
associated equipment, and CGA publication P-1 listed in Safety
Standards.
PRINCIPAL SAFETY STANDARDS
Safety in Welding and Cutting, ANSI Standard Z49.1, from American
Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd, Miami FL 33126
Safety and Health Standards, OSHA 29 CFR 1910, from Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
20402.
Recommended Practices for Plasma Arc Cutting, American Welding
Society Standard AWS C5.2, from American Welding Society, 550 N.W.
LeJeune Rd, Miami, FL 33126
Recommended Safe Practices for the Preparation for Welding and Cutting of Containers That Have Held Hazardous Substances, American
Welding Society Standard AWS F4.1, from American Welding Society,
550 N.W. LeJeune Rd, Miami, FL 33126
sr2 11/92
National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard 70, from National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, CGA Pamphlet P-1,
from Compressed Gas Association, 1235 Jefferson Davis Highway,
Suite 501, Arlington, VA 22202.
Code for Safety in Welding and Cutting, CSA Standard W117.2, from
Canadian Standards Association, Standards Sales, 178 Rexdale Boulevard, Rexdale, Ontario, Canada M9W 1R3.
Safe Practices For Occupation And Educational Eye And Face Protection, ANSI Standard Z87.1, from American National Standards Institute,
1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018.
Cutting And Welding Processes, NFPA Standard 51B, from National
Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
EMF INFORMATION
NOTE
Considerations About Welding And The Effects Of Low Frequency Electric And
Magnetic Fields
The following is a quotation from the General Conclusions Section of
the U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Biological
Effects of Power Frequency Electric & Magnetic Fields –
Background Paper, OTA-BP-E-53 (Washington, DC: U.S.
Government Printing Office, May 1989): “. . . there is now a very large
volume of scientific findings based on experiments at the cellular
level and from studies with animals and people which clearly
establish that low frequency magnetic fields can interact with, and
produce changes in, biological systems. While most of this work is
of very high quality, the results are complex. Current scientific
understanding does not yet allow us to interpret the evidence in a
single coherent framework. Even more frustrating, it does not yet
allow us to draw definite conclusions about questions of possible risk
or to offer clear science-based advice on strategies to minimize or
avoid potential risks.”
To reduce magnetic fields in the workplace, use the following
procedures:
1. Keep cables close together by twisting or taping them.
2. Arrange cables to one side and away from the operator.
3. Do not coil or drape cables around the body.
4. Keep welding power source and cables as far away as practical.
5. Connect work clamp to workpiece as close to the weld as
possible.
About Pacemakers:
The above procedures are among those also normally
recommended for pacemaker wearers. Consult your doctor for
complete information.
mod10.1 4/93
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1 – SAFETY INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
SECTION 2 – SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1.
Duty Cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
2
SECTION 3 – INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
3-1.
3-2.
Installing Hand-Held Torch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing Machine-Held Torch And Remote Trigger Pendant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
4
SECTION 4 – OPERATING THE TORCH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
SECTION 5 – MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8
5-1.
5-2.
5-3.
Routine Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking/Replacing Cup, Tip, And Electrode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8
9
10
SECTION 6 – PARTS LIST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
Figure 6-1. Torch, MC-80 (Hand-Held) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 6-2. Consumables And Parts Supplied With Hand-Held Torch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 6-3. Torch, MC-80 (Machine-Held) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
11
12
OM-1592A – 5/95
SECTION 1 – SAFETY INFORMATION
mod1.1 2/93
Read all safety messages throughout this manual.
Obey all safety messages to avoid injury.
Learn the meaning of WARNING and CAUTION.
1
2
2
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
• Do not touch live electrical parts.
• Disconnect input power before
MOVING PARTS can injure.
• Keep away from moving parts.
• Keep all panels and covers closed
4
installing or servicing.
Safety Alert Symbol
2
Signal Word
WARNING means possible death
or serious injury can happen.
CAUTION
3
1
when operating.
CAUTION means possible minor
injury or equipment damage can
happen.
3
Statement Of Hazard And
Result
4
Safety Instructions To Avoid
Hazard
5
Hazard Symbol (If Available)
6
Safety Banner
5
READ SAFETY BLOCKS at start of
Section 3-1 before proceeding.
WARNING
6
Read safety blocks for each
symbol shown.
7
7
NOTE
Turn Off switch when using high frequency.
NOTE
Special instructions for best
operation – not related to safety.
Figure 1-1. Safety Information
SECTION 2 – SPECIFICATIONS
Table 2-1. Cutting Torch
Specification
Description
Cooling Method
Air
Overall Dimensions
See Figure 2-1
Cable Length For Hand-Held Torch
25 Or 50 ft (7.6 Or 15.2 m)
Cable Length For Machine Torch
50 ft (15.2 m)
Plasma Gas
Air Or Nitrogen
Plasma Gas Flow/Pressure
25 ft Cable: 4 CFM (115 L/min) At 70 PSI (483 kPa)
50 ft Cable: 4 CFM (115 L/min) At 90 PSI (621 kPa)
Ampere Rating
80 Amperes, 120 Volts DC At 100% Duty Cycle (See Section 2-1)
Cutting Capacity
7/8 in (22 mm) Mild Steel, Stainless, And Aluminum
Weight
25 ft Cable: Net: 8 lb (3.6 kg); Ship: 9 lb (4.1 kg)
50 ft Cable: Net: 14-1/4 lb (6.5 kg); Ship: 15-1/4 lb (7 kg)
OM-1592 Page 1
Hand-Held
Torch
Inches
Millimeters
A
10-1/2
267
B
1-3/8
35
C
1-1/4
32
D
1-5/16
33
E
13-11/16
348
A
B
Machine-Held
Torch
D
C
E
Ref. ST-800 895 / Ref. ST-801 208
Figure 2-1. Overall Dimensions
2-1. Duty Cycle
CAUTION
CUTTING LONGER THAN RATED DUTY CYCLE can damage cutter and torch and void warranty.
•
Do not cut at rated load longer than duty cycle of cutter (see cutter’s Owner’s Manual).
Definition
0
10
miscwarn3.1 9/93
100% Duty Cycle At 80 Amperes
Duty Cycle is percentage of 10
minutes that cutter and torch
can cut at rated load without
overheating.
Minutes
Continuous Cutting
sb1.1* 8/93
Figure 2-2. Duty Cycle
OM-1592 Page 2
SECTION 3 – INSTALLATION
3-1. Installing Hand-Held Torch
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
•
•
HOT PARTS can cause severe burns.
•
Do not touch live electrical parts.
Allow cooling period before maintaining or servicing.
Turn Off cutter, and disconnect input power before
installing torch.
MOVING PARTS can cause injury.
•
Keep away from moving parts.
swarn8.1* 10/91
Turn Off cutter and remove input
power. Remove top of cutter case.
Significant DC voltage can remain on capacitors in cutter
after unit is Off. Always discharge capacitors according to
cutter’s Owner’s Manual before installing torch.
1
1
Trigger Switch Connector
2
Gas Hose Connector
3
Pilot Lead Terminal
4
Boot
Insert hose and leads through boot.
2
3
5
Gas Hose
6
Pilot Terminal
Connect hose and leads as shown.
Reinstall top of case.
Rear Panel
4
2
1
5
6
4
Tools Needed:
3/8, 5/8 in
Ref. ST-800 895 / ST-800 896
Figure 3-1. Installing Hand-Held Torch Into Cutter
OM-1592 Page 3
3-2. Installing Machine-Held Torch And Remote Trigger Pendant
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
•
•
HOT PARTS can cause severe burns.
•
Do not touch live electrical parts.
Allow cooling period before maintaining or servicing.
Turn Off cutter, and disconnect input power before
installing torch.
MOVING PARTS can cause injury.
•
Keep away from moving parts.
swarn8.1* 10/91
Machine-held torches require a
customer-supplied external switch
or remote trigger control.
Significant DC voltage can remain on capacitors in cutter
after unit is Off. Always discharge capacitors according to
cutter’s Owner’s Manual before installing torch.
Turn Off cutter and remove input
power. Remove top of cutter case.
9
4
Remote Trigger Leads
2
Strain Relief
3
Boot
Install strain relief in location
shown. Insert leads through boot
and install in strain relief as shown.
Be sure insulation jacket is in strain
relief.
6
5
1
4
Torch Connection Receptacle
5
Gas Hose
6
Pilot Lead
Insert receptacle, hose, and lead
through boot.
1
7
Rear Panel
Pilot Terminal
Connect pilot lead to terminal, and
gas hose to fitting as shown.
3
8
Printed Circuit Board PC3
9
Three-Way Connector
Connect three-way connector to
matching receptacle on PC3, torch
connection receptacle, and remote
trigger receptacle.
Reinstall top of case.
8
5
9
4
7
3
6
2
1
Tools Needed:
3/8, 5/8 in
ST-801 208 / ST-801 202
Figure 3-2. Installing Machine-Held Torch And Remote Trigger Pendant Into Cutter
OM-1592 Page 4
SECTION 4 – OPERATING THE TORCH
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
•
•
•
•
CUTTING can cause fire or explosion.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Always wear dry insulating gloves.
Insulate yourself from work and ground.
Do not touch live electrical parts.
Keep all panels and covers securely in place.
FUMES AND GASES can be hazardous
to your health.
•
•
•
Keep your head out of the fumes.
Ventilate area, or use breathing device.
Read Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) and
manufacturer’s instructions for material cut.
Provide protection from flying sparks.
Watch for fire; keep extinguisher nearby.
Do not locate unit over combustible surfaces.
Do not cut on closed containers.
Allow work and equipment to cool before handling.
MOVING PARTS can cause injury.
•
•
ARC RAYS can burn eyes and skin;
NOISE can damage hearing.
•
•
Do not cut near flammable material.
Wear face protection with correct shade of filter.
Wear correct eye, ear, and body protection.
Keep away from moving parts.
Keep all doors, panels, covers, and guards closed
and securely in place.
See Safety Precautions at beginning of manual for basic cutting safety information.
swarn6.1* 10/91
Wear the following while cutting:
1
5
2
3
4
1
Dry, Insulating Gloves
2
Safety Glasses With Side
Shields
3
Welding Helmet
4
Face Shield
Wear either helmet or face shield
with correct shade of filter (See
ANSI Z49.1).
OR
5
Ear Muffs
Wear approved ear muffs or ear
plugs if noise exposure exceeds
OSHA limits.
sb3.1* 1/94
Figure 4-1. Safety Equipment
OM-1592 Page 5
CAUTION
T I P AND EL ECT RO DE WEAR BEYO ND
RE CO M M E NDE D VAL UE S or OP E RAT I O N
WITHOUT TIP OR ELECTRODE can damage
torch.
•
•
Inspect cup, tip, and electrode before cutting or whenever cutting
speed has been significantly reduced (see Section 5-2).
Do not operate torch without a tip or electrode in place.
INCORRECT PIERCING can damage torch.
•
When piercing (starting a cut away from metal edge) use a slight
standoff distance and hold torch at about 10° angle to prevent
sparks from reflecting back at torch.
HITTING TORCH ON A HARD SURFACE to
remove spatter can damage torch.
•
•
Do not clean torch by hitting it against a hard surface.
Hitting hard surfaces can damage torch parts and stop proper
operation.
HAVI NG PI L O T ARC TURN ON AND OF F
REPEATEDLY, such as during the cutting of chain
fence, will shorten tip, electrode, and torch life.
•
•
Put a continuous piece of sheet metal under the fence to prevent
pilot arc from cycling on and off.
Avoid constant starting and restarting of the arc.
INCORRECT STANDOFF DISTANCE can damage
torch.
•
For cutting, always use approximately 1/8 in (3 mm) standoff
distance between torch tip and workpiece.
Install &
Connect
Equipment
Put On Personal
Safety
Equipment
Check Torch
Tip, Electrode,
And Shield Cup
Check Gas/Air
Pressure
Set
Controls
Turn On
Cutter
Begin
Cutting
EXAMPLE Of Cutting Operation
Install standoff guide, place
guide onto metal so that torch
tip lines up with edge of metal
and standoff distance is
approx. 1/8 in.
Adjust torch speed so
sparks go thru metal and
out bottom of cut.
If cutting arc is not started within 5 seconds of pilot arc, pilot
arc will go out. There is a 20-second reset time before the pilot
arc can be restarted.
Press trigger. After 2 seconds
of preflow, pilot arc starts.
Pause briefly at end of
cut before releasing trigger.
After cutting arc starts, slowly
start moving torch across metal.
Postflow continues for approx. 20 to
30 seconds after releasing trigger;
cutting arc can be instantly restarted
during postflow by pressing trigger.
ST-800 967-A
OM-1592 Page 6
Figure 4-2. Sequence Of Plasma Arc Cutting (PAC)
CAUTION
HITTING TORCH ON A HARD SURFACE to remove
spatter can damage torch.
•
•
Do not clean torch by hitting it against a hard surface.
Hitting hard surfaces can damage torch parts and stop proper
operation.
Install &
Connect
Equipment
Turn On
Cutter
Install
Gouging Tip
Put On Personal
Safety
Equipment
T I P AND EL ECT RO DE WEAR BEYO ND
RE CO M M E NDE D VAL UE S or OP E RAT I O N
WITHOUT TIP OR ELECTRODE can damage torch.
•
•
•
•
Inspect cup, tip, and electrode before cutting or whenever cutting
speed has been significantly reduced.
Do not operate torch without a tip or electrode in place.
Use correct standoff distance.
Do not cut with gouging tip.
Check Torch
Tip, Electrode,
And Shield Cup
Check Gas/Air
Pressure
Set
Controls
Begin
Gouging
EXAMPLE Of Gouging Operation
Use approx. 1/8 in (3 mm)
standoff distance at about
a 40° angle.
If cutting arc is not started within 5 seconds of pilot arc, pilot
arc will go out. There is a 20-second reset time before the pilot
arc can be restarted.
Press trigger. After 2 seconds of
preflow, pilot arc starts.
Adjust torch speed, arc length and angle as needed.
Direct sparks away from torch. Do not gouge too
deeply in one pass; make repeated passes if needed.
Establish arc length of 1/2 to 1-1/2 in
(13 - 38 mm), and slowly
start moving torch across metal.
Release trigger. Postflow continues for approx.
20 to 30 seconds. Gouging arc can be instantly
restarted during postflow by pressing trigger.
ST-800 968
Figure 4-3. Sequence Of Plasma Arc Gouging (PAG)
OM-1592 Page 7
SECTION 5 – MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
•
•
Do not touch live electrical parts.
HOT PARTS can cause severe burns.
•
Allow cooling period before maintaining or servicing.
Turn Off cutter, and disconnect input power before
inspecting, maintaining, or servicing.
Maintenance to be performed only by qualified persons.
swarn8.1* 2/93
5-1. Routine Maintenance
Turn Off all power before maintaining.
3 Months
Each Use
See
Section
5-2
Cutter
Manual
Check Tip
Electrode,
And Cup
––
Check
Gas/Air
Pressure
At Cutter
Replace
Cracked
Parts
Check
Trigger
Disabled
System
Ref. ST-800 895
Figure 5-1. Maintenance Schedule
OM-1592 Page 8
Clean
And
Tighten
Torch
Connections
3-1
Every Week
Cutter
Manual
Tape
Torn
Outer
Covering
––
Torch Body
Gas/Air Hose
Torch Cable
5-2. Checking/Replacing Cup, Tip, And Electrode
CAUTION
OVERTIGHTENING will strip threads.
•
•
•
Do not overtighten electrode, tip, and cup during assembly.
Do not cross-thread parts causing stripping.
Use care during torch assembly and parts replacement.
T I P AND EL ECT RO DE WEAR BEYO ND
RE CO M M E NDE D VAL UE S or OP E RAT I O N
WITHOUT TIP OR ELECTRODE can damage
torch.
•
•
•
•
Inspect cup, tip, and electrode before cutting or whenever cutting
speed has been significantly reduced.
Do not operate torch without a tip or electrode in place.
Be sure to use genuine replacement parts.
A good practice is to replace both the tip and electrode at the same
time.
Turn Off cutter, and disconnect input power.
1
Shield Cup
Remove shield cup. Check shield
cup for cracks, and replace if needed. Also, replace cup if it does not
cover the tip.
2
Tip
3
Opening
Remove tip. Check tip, and replace
if opening is deformed or 50% oversize. If inside of tip is not clean and
bright, clean with steel wool. Be
sure to remove any pieces of steel
wool afterwards.
4
4
Electrode
Check electrode. If center has a pit
more than a 1/16 in (2 mm) deep, remove and replace electrode using
supplied
wrench.
Do
not
overtighten.
Do not overtighten electrode.
2
5
Standoff Guide
Carefully reassemble parts in reverse order.
4
3
1
Thread Size for Electrode:
5/16 - 24
New
1/16 in
(2 mm)
Pit
2
5
New
Worn
Tools Needed:
Worn
(Supplied 171 875)
Ref. ST-800 897 / ST-800 973
Figure 5-2. Checking/Replacing Cup, Tip, And Electrode
OM-1592 Page 9
5-3. Troubleshooting
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
•
•
HOT PARTS can cause severe burns.
•
Do not touch live electrical parts.
Allow cooling period before maintaining or servicing.
Turn Off cutter, and disconnect input power before
inspecting, maintaining, or servicing.
Troubleshooting to be performed only by qualified
persons.
swarn8.1* 2/93
Table 5-1. Cutting Trouble
Trouble
Remedy
Section
Cutter Gas/Torch trouble light On; cutter
Power light Off; no cutting output.
Check for properly installed torch tip. Check for blocked hoses. See
also cutter Owner’s Manual.
5-2
Check to make sure torch electrode is not touching tip inside the
torch.
5-2
Check for clean and sufficient gas/air supply pressure. See cutter
Owner’s Manual.
––
Unit pilots, but does not transfer.
Shorten standoff distance from 1/8 to 1/16 in (3 to 1.6 mm).
Be sure work clamp is securely attached. See power source Owner’s Manual.
Sparks come out top of cut, or cut is not
clean.
Arc goes out while cutting.
Arc goes on and off while cutting.
Low cutting capability.
Short torch consumable life.
Torch travel speed too fast; reduce travel speed.
––
Figure 4-2
Metal being cut is too thick; increase power source output control
setting. See power source Owner’s Manual.
––
Check torch tip and electrode, and replace if needed.
5-2
Be sure work clamp is securely attached. See power source Owner’s Manual.
––
Make sure torch tip is within 1/8 in (3 mm) standoff distance from
metal while cutting.
Figure 4-2
Increase travel speed, as needed.
––
Be sure work clamp is securely attached. See power source Owner’s Manual.
––
Torch travel speed is too slow; increase travel speed.
Figure 4-2
Check torch tip and electrode, and replace if necessary.
5-2
Be sure work clamp is securely attached. See power source Owner’s Manual.
––
Decrease cutting speed.
Figure 4-2
Tighten loose torch tip and electrode if needed.
––
Check torch tip and electrode if needed.
––
Be sure work clamp is securely attached. See power source Owner’s Manual.
––
Maintain standoff distance of 1/16 to 1/8 in (1.6 to 3 mm), or use
standoff guide.
Figure 4-2
Tighten or replace torch tip and electrode if needed.
OM-1592 Page 10
Figure 4-2,
Figure 4-3
––
SECTION 6 – PARTS LIST
Item
No.
Part
No.
Description
Quantity
Figure 6-1. Torch, MC-80 (Hand-Held)
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1
2
3
4
5
6
6
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
172 385
172 384
172 382
172 380
172 381
172 383
172 386
. . TORCH, body assembly (consisting of) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . TORCH, head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . TRIGGER, switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . HANDLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . BOOT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . CABLE ASSEMBLY, 25ft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . CABLE ASSEMBLY, 50ft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
See Figure 3-1 For Additional
Torch Consumables And Parts
5
4
6
1*
3
2
*Includes Item 5
ST-800 976
Figure 6-1. Torch, MC-80 (Hand-Held)
Select correct consumables and
parts for process being used as
shown.
Torch is shipped with cutting parts installed.
Hand/MachineHeld
Cutting
Gouging
Electrode
171 870
Electrode
171 870
Tip
171 871
Gouging Tip
171 872
Cup
171 874
Cup
171 874
Standoff Guide
(Hand-Held Only)
171 873
Tools Needed:
(Supplied 171 875)
Ref. ST-800 897
Figure 6-2. Consumables And Parts Supplied With Torch
OM-1592 Page 11
Item
No.
Part
No.
Description
Quantity
Figure 6-3. Torch, MC-80 (Machine)
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
. . . . . . . . . . 175 833
. . . . . . . . . . 175 829
. . . . . . . . . . 175 830
. . . . . . . . . . 175 851
. . . . . . . . . . 175 839
. . . . . . . . . . 175 831
. . . . . . . . . . 175 832
. . . . . . . . . . 175 838
. . . . . . . . ♦043 216
. . . . . . . . . . 175 837
. . . . . . . . . . 175 834
. . TORCH, body assembly (consisting of) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . TORCH HEAD, (Includes Item 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . HANDLE ASSEMBLY, (consisting of) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . SCREW, handle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . O-RING, gas cup & barrel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . BARREL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . RACK, standard (consisting of) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . SCREW, rack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . REMOTE PENDANT CONTROL, on/off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . CONNECTOR, three way . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . TORCH LEAD ASSEMBLY, 50 ft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
1
1
4
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
Includes
Items
6-8
1
5
3
4
2
9
6
7
8
10
11
ST-801 197
♦043 216 is optional when replacing torch.
Figure 6-3. Torch, MC-80 (Machine-Held)
OM-1592 Page 12
Effective January 1, 2000
(Equipment with a serial number preface of “LA” or newer)
This limited warranty supersedes all previous Miller warranties and is exclusive with no other
guarantees or warranties expressed or implied.
Warranty Questions?
Call
1-800-4-A-MILLER
for your local
Miller distributor.
Your distributor also gives
you ...
Service
You always get the fast,
reliable response you
need. Most replacement
parts can be in your
hands in 24 hours.
Support
Need fast answers to the
tough welding questions?
Contact your distributor.
The expertise of the
distributor and Miller is
there to help you, every
step of the way.
*
LIMITED WARRANTY – Subject to the terms and conditions
below, Miller Electric Mfg. Co., Appleton, Wisconsin, warrants
to its original retail purchaser that new Miller equipment sold
after the effective date of this limited warranty is free of defects
in material and workmanship at the time it is shipped by Miller.
THIS WARRANTY IS EXPRESSLY IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.
Within the warranty periods listed below, Miller will repair or
replace any warranted parts or components that fail due to
such defects in material or workmanship. Miller must be
notified in writing within thirty (30) days of such defect or
failure, at which time Miller will provide instructions on the
warranty claim procedures to be followed.
Miller shall honor warranty claims on warranted equipment
listed below in the event of such a failure within the warranty
time periods. All warranty time periods start on the date that
the equipment was delivered to the original retail purchaser, or
one year after the equipment is sent to a North American
distributor or eighteen months after the equipment is sent to an
International distributor.
1.
5 Years Parts – 3 Years Labor
*
*
2.
3 Years — Parts and Labor
*
*
*
*
*
*
3.
Original main power rectifiers
Inverters (input and output rectifiers only)
Transformer/Rectifier Power Sources
Plasma Arc Cutting Power Sources
Semi-Automatic and Automatic Wire Feeders
Inverter Power Supplies
Intellitig
Engine Driven Welding Generators
(NOTE: Engines are warranted separately by
the engine manufacturer.)
1 Year — Parts and Labor
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
DS-2 Wire Feeder
Motor Driven Guns (w/exception of Spoolmate
185 & Spoolmate 250)
Process Controllers
Positioners and Controllers
Automatic Motion Devices
RFCS Foot Controls
Induction Heating Power Sources
Water Coolant Systems
HF Units
Grids
Maxstar 140
Spot Welders
Load Banks
Miller Cyclomatic Equipment
Running Gear/Trailers
Plasma Cutting Torches (except APT & SAF
Models)
Field Options
(NOTE: Field options are covered under True
Blue for the remaining warranty period of the
product they are installed in, or for a minimum of
one year — whichever is greater.)
4.
6 Months — Batteries
5.
90 Days — Parts
*
*
MIG Guns/TIG Torches
Induction Heating Coils and Blankets
*
*
*
*
*
APT, ZIPCUT & PLAZCUT Model Plasma Cutting
Torches
Remote Controls
Accessory Kits
Replacement Parts (No labor)
Spoolmate 185 & Spoolmate 250
Canvas Covers
Miller’s True Blue Limited Warranty shall not apply to:
1.
Consumable components; such as contact tips,
cutting nozzles, contactors, brushes, slip rings,
relays or parts that fail due to normal wear.
2.
Items furnished by Miller, but manufactured by others,
such as engines or trade accessories. These items are
covered by the manufacturer’s warranty, if any.
3.
Equipment that has been modified by any party other
than Miller, or equipment that has been improperly
installed, improperly operated or misused based upon
industry standards, or equipment which has not had
reasonable and necessary maintenance, or equipment
which has been used for operation outside of the
specifications for the equipment.
MILLER PRODUCTS ARE INTENDED FOR PURCHASE
AND USE BY COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL USERS AND
PERSONS TRAINED AND EXPERIENCED IN THE USE
AND MAINTENANCE OF WELDING EQUIPMENT.
In the event of a warranty claim covered by this warranty, the
exclusive remedies shall be, at Miller’s option: (1) repair; or (2)
replacement; or, where authorized in writing by Miller in
appropriate cases, (3) the reasonable cost of repair or
replacement at an authorized Miller service station; or (4)
payment of or credit for the purchase price (less reasonable
depreciation based upon actual use) upon return of the goods
at customer’s risk and expense. Miller’s option of repair or
replacement will be F.O.B., Factory at Appleton, Wisconsin, or
F.O.B. at a Miller authorized service facility as determined by
Miller. Therefore no compensation or reimbursement for
transportation costs of any kind will be allowed.
TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, THE REMEDIES
PROVIDED HEREIN ARE THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE
REMEDIES. IN NO EVENT SHALL MILLER BE LIABLE FOR
DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING LOSS OF
PROFIT), WHETHER BASED ON CONTRACT, TORT OR
ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY.
ANY EXPRESS WARRANTY NOT PROVIDED HEREIN
AND ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY, GUARANTY OR
REPRESENTATION AS TO PERFORMANCE, AND ANY
REMEDY FOR BREACH OF CONTRACT TORT OR ANY
OTHER LEGAL THEORY WHICH, BUT FOR THIS
PROVISION,
MIGHT
ARISE
BY
IMPLICATION,
OPERATION OF LAW, CUSTOM OF TRADE OR COURSE
OF DEALING, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR PARTICULAR
PURPOSE, WITH RESPECT TO ANY AND ALL
EQUIPMENT FURNISHED BY MILLER IS EXCLUDED AND
DISCLAIMED BY MILLER.
Some states in the U.S.A. do not allow limitations of how long
an implied warranty lasts, or the exclusion of incidental,
indirect, special or consequential damages, so the above
limitation or exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty
provides specific legal rights, and other rights may be
available, but may vary from state to state.
In Canada, legislation in some provinces provides for certain
additional warranties or remedies other than as stated herein,
and to the extent that they may not be waived, the limitations
and exclusions set out above may not apply. This Limited
Warranty provides specific legal rights, and other rights may
be available, but may vary from province to province.
miller_warr 7/00
Owner’s Record
Please complete and retain with your personal records.
Model Name
Serial/Style Number
Purchase Date
(Date which equipment was delivered to original customer.)
Distributor
Address
City
State
Zip
For Service
Call 1-800-4-A-Miller or see our website at www.MillerWelds.com
to locate a DISTRIBUTOR or SERVICE AGENCY near you.
Always provide Model Name and Serial/Style Number.
Contact your Distributor for:
Welding Supplies and Consumables
Options and Accessories
Personal Safety Equipment
Service and Repair
Miller Electric Mfg. Co.
An Illinois Tool Works Company
1635 West Spencer Street
Appleton, WI 54914 USA
Replacement Parts
Training (Schools, Videos, Books)
International Headquarters–USA
USA Phone: 920-735-4505 Auto-Attended
USA & Canada FAX: 920-735-4134
International FAX: 920-735-4125
Technical Manuals (Servicing Information
and Parts)
Circuit Diagrams
European Headquarters –
United Kingdom
Phone: 44 (0) 1204-593493
FAX: 44 (0) 1204-598066
Welding Process Handbooks
www.MillerWelds.com
Contact the Delivering Carrier for:
File a claim for loss or damage during
shipment.
For assistance in filing or settling claims,
contact your distributor and/or equipment
manufacturer’s Transportation Department.
PRINTED IN USA
 2000 Miller Electric Mfg. Co.
6/00