McCulloch T22LCS Operator`s manual

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Operator’s manual 2-22
Bruksanvisning 23-43
Brugsanvisning 44-64
Käyttöohje 65-86
Bruksanvisning 87-107
Manuel d’utilisation 108-129
Gebruiksaanwijzing 130-150
Istruzioni per l’uso 151-172
Manual de instrucciones 173-194
Bedienungsanweisung 195-217
Instruções para o uso 218-239
Használati utasítás 240-260
Instrukcja obs∏ugi 261-282
Käsitsemisõpetus 283-303
Lieto‰anas pamÇc¥ba 304-324
Naudojimosi instrukcijos 325-345
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Návod na obsluhu 346-366
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Navodila za uporabo 409-429
Uputstvo o upotrebi 430-450
Návod k pouÏití 451-471
Instrucöiuni de utilizare 472-493
úêîâîäñòâî çà
åêñïëîàòàöèß 494-518
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Kullanım kılavuzu 568-589
îñ´áíèê
êîðèñòóâà÷à 590-615
T22 LCS
T22 LS
KEY TO SYMBOLS
Symbols
Ignition; choke:
Set the choke control in the choke
position.
WARNING! Clearing saws,
brushcutters and trimmers can be
dangerous! Careless or incorrect use
can result in serious or fatal injury to
the operator or others. It is extremely
important that you read and
understand the contents of the operator’s manual.
Air purge.
Please read the operator’s manual
carefully and make sure you
understand the instructions before
using the machine.
Noise emission to the environment
according to the European
Community’s Directive. The
machine’s emission is specified in
chapter Technical data and on label.
Always wear:
A protective helmet where there is a
risk of falling objects
•
Approved hearing protection
•
Approved eye protection
Max. speed of output
shaft, rpm
Other symbols/decals on the
machine refer to special certification
requirements for certain markets.
The engine is switched off by moving
the stop switch to the stop position.
CAUTION! The stop switch
automatically returns to the start
position. In order to prevent
unintentional starting, the spark plug
cap must be removed from the spark plug when
assembling, checking and/or performing maintenance.
10000
This product is in
accordance with applicable EC
directives.
Always wear approved protective
gloves.
Watch out for thrown objects and
ricochets.
Regular cleaning is required.
The operator of the machine must
ensure, while working, that no
persons or animals come closer than
15 metres.
Always wear approved protective
gloves.
Wear sturdy, non-slip boots.
Only use non-metallic, flexible cutting
attachments, i.e. trimmer heads with
trimmer cord.
2 – English
15 m
50FT
15 m
50FT
Visual check.
CONTENTS
Contents
KEY TO SYMBOLS
Symbols ................................................................
CONTENTS
Contents ...............................................................
Note the following before starting: ........................
INTRODUCTION
Dear Customer, ....................................................
WHAT IS WHAT?
What is what on the grass trimmer? .....................
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Important ..............................................................
Personal protective equipment .............................
Machine′s safety equipment .................................
Cutting equipment ................................................
ASSEMBLY
Fitting the loop handle ..........................................
Assembling and dismantling the two-piece shaft
Assembling the cutting equipment .......................
Fitting the trimmer guard and trimmer head .........
Fitting the trimmer guard and trimmer head .........
FUEL HANDLING
Fuel safety ............................................................
Fuel ......................................................................
Fueling ..................................................................
STARTING AND STOPPING
Check before starting ...........................................
Starting and stopping ...........................................
WORKING TECHNIQUES
General working instructions ................................
MAINTENANCE
Carburettor ...........................................................
Muffler ..................................................................
Cooling system .....................................................
Spark plug ............................................................
Two-piece shaft ...................................................
Air filter .................................................................
Maintenance schedule .........................................
TECHNICAL DATA
Technical data ......................................................
EC-declaration of conformity ................................
Note the following before
starting:
2
3
3
Please read the operator’s manual carefully.
!
4
5
!
6
6
7
9
10
10
10
11
11
!
WARNING! Long-term exposure to noise
can result in permanent hearing
impairment. So always use approved
hearing protection.
WARNING! Under no circumstances may
the design of the machine be modified
without the permission of the
manufacturer. Always use genuine
accessories. Non-authorized
modifications and/or accessories can
result in serious personal injury or the
death of the operator or others.
WARNING! A clearing saw, brushcutter
or trimmer can be dangerous if used
incorrectly or carelessly, and can cause
serious or fatal injury to the operator or
others. It is extremely important that you
read and understand the contents of this
operator’s manual.
12
12
13
14
14
15
17
17
18
18
18
19
20
21
22
English – 3
INTRODUCTION
Dear Customer,
Thank you for choosing a McCulloch product. You are thereby part of a story that started long ago, when the McCulloch
Corporation started its manufacturing of engines during World War II. In 1949, when McCulloch introduced its first light
one-man chainsaw, woodworking would never be the same again.
The line of innovative chainsaws would continue over the decades, and business was expanded, first by airplane and
kart engines in the 1950s, then by mini chainsaws in the 1960s. Later, in the 1970s and 80s, trimmers and blower vacs
were added to the range.
Today, as a part of the Husqvarna group, McCulloch continues the tradition of powerful engines, technical innovations,
and strong designs that have been our hallmarks for more than half a century. Lowering fuel consumption, emissions
and noise levels are of top priority to us, as is improving safety and user-friendliness.
We certainly hope that you will be satisfied with your McCulloch product, as it is designed to be your companion for a
long time. By following this operators manual’s advice on usage, service, and maintenance, its lifespan can be extended.
If you should need professional help with repair or service, please use the Service Locator at www.mcculloch.com.
McCulloch has a policy of continuous product development and therefore reserves the right to modify the design and
appearance of products without prior notice.
This manual can also be downloaded at www.mcculloch.com.
4 – English
WHAT IS WHAT?
3
2
1
T22LS
7
5
4
11
10
6
T22LCS
4
1
16
17
12
9
13
6
8
15
14
18
20
4
21
19
What is what on the grass trimmer?
1
Trimmer head
12 Starter
2
Grease filler cap, bevel gear
13 Starter handle
3
Bevel gear
14 Fuel tank
4
Cutting attachment guard
15 Air filter cover
5
Shaft
16 Air purge.
6
Shaft coupling
17 Choke control
7
Loop handle
18 Drive disc
8
Throttle trigger
19 Operator′s manual
9
Stop switch
20 Combination spanner
10 Throttle lockout
21 Locking pin
11 Spark plug cap and spark plug
English – 5
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Important
Personal protective equipment
IMPORTANT!
IMPORTANT!
The machine is only designed for trimming grass.
A clearing saw, brushcutter or trimmer can be
dangerous if used incorrectly or carelessly, and can
cause serious or fatal injury to the operator or others. It
is extremely important that you read and understand the
contents of this operator’s manual.
The only accessories you can operate with this engine
unit are the cutting attachments we recommend in the
chapter on Technical data.
Never use the machine if you are tired, if you have drunk
alcohol, or if you are taking medication that could affect
your vision, your judgement or your co-ordination.
Wear personal protective equipment. See instructions
under the heading ”Personal protective equipment”.
You must use approved personal protective equipment
whenever you use the machine. Personal protective
equipment cannot eliminate the risk of injury but it will
reduce the degree of injury if an accident does happen.
Ask your dealer for help in choosing the right equipment.
Never use a machine that has been modified in any way
from its original specification.
Never use a machine that is faulty. Carry out the checks,
maintenance and service instructions described in this
manual. Some maintenance and service measures
must be carried out by trained and qualified specialists.
See instructions under the heading Maintenance.
All covers, guards and handles must be fitted before
starting. Ensure that the spark plug cap and ignition
lead are undamaged to avoid the risk of electric shock.
The machine operator must ensure that no people or
animals come closer than 15 metres while working.
When several operators are working in the same area
the safety distance should be at least twice the tree
height and no less than 15 metres.
!
!
WARNING! This machine produces an
electromagnetic field during operation.
This field may under some
circumstances interfere with active or
passive medical implants. To reduce the
risk of serious or fatal injury, we
recommend persons with medical
implants to consult their physician and
the medical implant manufacturer before
operating this machine.
!
WARNING! Listen out for warning signals
or shouts when you are wearing hearing
protection. Always remove your hearing
protection as soon as the engine stops.
HELMET
A protective helmet where there is a risk of falling objects
HEARING PROTECTION
Wear hearing protection that provides adequate noise
reduction.
EYE PROTECTION
Always wear approved eye protection. If you use a visor
then you must also wear approved protective goggles.
Approved protective goggles must comply with standard
ANSI Z87.1 in the USA or EN 166 in EU countries.
WARNING! Running an engine in a
confined or badly ventilated area can
result in death due to asphyxiation or
carbon monoxide poisoning.
GLOVES
!
6 – English
WARNING! Never allow children to use or
be in the vicinity of the machine. As the
machine is equipped with a springloaded stop switch and can be started by
low speed and force on the starter
handle, even small children under some
circumstances can produce the force
necessary to start the machine. This can
mean a risk of serious personal injury.
Therefore remove the spark plug cap
when the machine is not under close
supervision.
Gloves should be worn when necessary, e.g., when fitting
cutting attachments.
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
BOOTS
Throttle lockout
Wear sturdy, non-slip boots.
The throttle lockout is designed to prevent accidental
operation of the throttle control. When you press the lock
(A) (i.e. when you grasp the handle) it releases the throttle
control (B). When you release the handle the throttle
control and the throttle lockout both move back to their
original positions. This movement is controlled by two
independent return springs. This arrangement means that
the throttle control is automatically locked at the idle
setting.
CLOTHING
Wear clothes made of a strong fabric and avoid loose
clothing that can catch on twigs and branches. Always
wear heavy, long pants. Do not wear jewellery, shorts
sandals or go barefoot. Secure hair so it is above shoulder
level.
FIRST AID KIT
Always have a first aid kit nearby.
Make sure the throttle control is locked at the idle setting
when the throttle lockout is released.
Machine′s safety equipment
This section describes the machine′s safety equipment,
its purpose, and how checks and maintenance should be
carried out to ensure that it operates correctly. See the
”What is what?” section to locate where this equipment is
positioned on your machine.
The life span of the machine can be reduced and the risk
of accidents can increase if machine maintenance is not
carried out correctly and if service and/or repairs are not
carried out professionally. If you need further information
please contact your nearest service workshop.
Press the throttle lockout and make sure it returns to its
original position when you release it.
IMPORTANT!
All servicing and repair work on the machine requires
special training. This is especially true of the machine′s
safety equipment. If your machine fails any of the
checks described below you must contact your service
agent. When you buy any of our products we guarantee
the availability of professional repairs and service. If the
retailer who sells your machine is not a servicing dealer,
ask him for the address of your nearest service agent.
!
WARNING! Never use a machine with
faulty safety equipment. The machine’s
safety equipment must be checked and
maintained as described in this section.
If your machine fails any of these checks
contact your service agent to get it
repaired.
Check that the throttle trigger and throttle lockout move
freely and that the return springs work properly.
See instructions under the heading Start. Start the
machine and apply full throttle. Release the throttle and
check that the cutting attachment stops and remains at a
standstill. If the cutting attachment rotates with the throttle
in the idle position then the carburettor idle setting must
be checked. See instructions under the heading
Maintenance.
English – 7
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Stop switch
Muffler
Use the stop switch to switch off the engine.
The muffler is designed to keep noise levels to a minimum
and to direct exhaust fumes away from the user. A muffler
fitted with a catalytic converter is also designed to reduce
harmful exhaust gases.
Start the engine and make sure the engine stops when
you move the stop switch to the stop setting.
Cutting attachment guard
This guard is intended to prevent loose objects from being
thrown towards the operator. The guard also protects the
operator from accidental contact with the cutting
attachment.
In countries that have a warm and dry climate there is a
significant risk of fire. We therefore fit certain mufflers with
a spark arrestor mesh. Check whether the muffler on your
machine is fitted with this kind of mesh.
Check that the guard is undamaged and not cracked.
Replace the guard if it has been exposed to impact or is
cracked.
Always use the recommended guard for the cutting
attachment you are using. See chapter on Technical data.
!
WARNING! Never use a cutting
attachment without an approved guard.
See the chapter on Technical data. If an
incorrect or faulty guard is fitted this can
cause serious personal injury.
For mufflers it is very important that you follow the
instructions on checking, maintaining and servicing your
machine.
Never use a machine that has a faulty muffler.
Regularly check that the muffler is securely attached to
the machine.
If the muffler on your machine is fitted with a spark
arrestor mesh this must be cleaned regularly. A blocked
mesh will cause the engine to overheat and may lead to
serious damage.
8 – English
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
!
!
!
!
WARNING! Mufflers fitted with catalytic
converters get very hot during use and
remain so for some time after stopping.
This also applies at idle speed. Contact
can result in burns to the skin.
Remember the risk of fire!
WARNING! The inside of the muffler
contain chemicals that may be
carcinogenic. Avoid contact with these
elements in the event of a damaged
muffler.
Trimmer head
IMPORTANT!
Always ensure the trimmer cord is wound tightly and
evenly around the drum, otherwise the machine will
generate harmful vibration.
•
Only use the recommended trimmer heads and
trimmer cords. These have been tested by the
manufacturer to suit a particular engine size. This is
especially important when a fully automatic trimmer
head is used. Only use the recommended cutting
attachment. See the chapter on Technical data.
•
Smaller machines generally require small trimmer
heads and vice versa. This is because when clearing
using a cord the engine must throw out the cord
radially from the trimmer head and overcome the
resistance of the grass being cleared.
•
The length of the cord is also important. A longer cord
requires greater engine power than a shorter cord of
the same diameter.
•
Make sure that the cutter on the trimmer guard is
intact. This is used to cut the cord to the correct length.
•
To increase the life of the cord it can be soaked in
water for a couple of days. This will make the line
tougher so that it lasts longer.
WARNING! Bear in mind that:
The exhaust fumes from the engine are
hot and may contain sparks which can
start a fire. Never start the machine
indoors or near combustible material!
Cutting equipment
This section describes how to choose and maintain your
cutting equipment in order to:
•
Reduce the risk of blade thrust.
•
Obtain maximum cutting performance.
•
Extend the life of cutting equipment.
IMPORTANT!
Only use cutting attachments with the guards we
recommend! See the chapter on Technical data.
Refer to the instructions for the cutting attachment to
check the correct way to load the cord and the correct
cord diameter.
!
!
WARNING! Always stop the engine
before doing any work on the cutting
attachment. This continues to rotate even
after the throttle has been released.
Ensure that the cutting attachment has
stopped completely and disconnect the
HT lead from the spark plug before you
start to work on it.
WARNING! A faulty cutting attachment
may increase the risk of accidents.
English – 9
ASSEMBLY
Fitting the loop handle
•
•
Before using the unit, tighten the knob securely.
Clip the loop handle onto the shaft. Note that the loop
handle must be fitted between the arrows on the shaft.
Dismantling:
•
•
Loosen the coupling by turning the knob (at least 3
times).
•
Push and hold the button (C). While securely holding
the engine end, pull the attachment straight out of the
coupling.
Fit the bolt, securing plate and wing nut as shown in
the diagram. Tighten the wing nut.
Assembling and dismantling the
two-piece shaft
Assembly:
•
Loosen the coupling by turning the knob.
C
Assembling the cutting
equipment
•
Align the tab of the attachment (A) with the hole in the
coupling (B).
A
B
•
Push the attachment into the coupling until the
attachment snaps into place.
10 – English
!
WARNING! Never use a cutting
attachment without an approved guard.
See the chapter on Technical data. If an
incorrect or faulty guard is fitted this can
cause serious personal injury.
ASSEMBLY
Fitting the trimmer guard and
trimmer head (T22LS)
•
•
Fit the dust cup on the shaft. The nut must be
completely covered by the dust cup.
•
Hold the dust cup with a spanner to prevent the shaft
from rotating.
•
Screw the trimmer head onto the shaft.
Fit the correct trimmer guard (A) for use with the
trimmer head. Hook the trimmer guard/combination
guard onto the fitting on the shaft and secure with the
bolt (L).
•
Fit the drive disc (B) on the output shaft.
•
Turn the blade shaft until one of the holes in the drive
disc aligns with the corresponding hole in the gear
housing.
•
Insert the locking pin (C) in the hole to lock the shaft.
•
Screw on the trimmer head/plastic blades (H) in the
opposite direction to the direction of rotation.
•
To dismantle, follow the instructions in the reverse
order.
Fitting the trimmer guard and
trimmer head (T22LCS)
•
Fit the guard as shown in the diagram. Tighten
securely.
English – 11
FUEL HANDLING
Fuel safety
Petrol
Never start the machine:
1
If you have spilt fuel on it. Wipe off the spillage and
allow remaining fuel to evaporate.
2
If you have spilt fuel on yourself or your clothes,
change your clothes. Wash any part of your body that
has come in contact with fuel. Use soap and water.
3
If the machine is leaking fuel. Check regularly for
leaks from the fuel cap and fuel lines.
Transport and storage
•
Store and transport the machine and fuel so that there
is no risk of any leakage or fumes coming into contact
with sparks or naked flames, for example, from
electrical machinery, electric motors, electrical relays/
switches or boilers.
CAUTION! Always use a quality petrol/oil mixture at least
90 octane (RON). If your machine is equipped with a
catalytic converter (see chapter on Technical data) always
use a good quality unleaded petrol/oil mixture. Leaded
petrol will destroy the catalytic converter.
Use low-emission petrol, also known as alkylate petrol, if
it is available.
•
The lowest octane recommended is 90 (RON). If you
run the engine on a lower octane grade than 90 socalled knocking can occur. This gives rise to a high
engine temperature, which can result in serious
engine damage.
When working at continuous high revs a higher octane
rating is recommended.
•
When storing and transporting fuel always use
approved containers intended for this purpose.
•
When storing the machine for long periods the fuel
tank must be emptied. Contact your local petrol
station to find out where to dispose of excess fuel.
•
•
Ensure the machine is cleaned and that a complete
service is carried out before long-term storage.
Two-stroke oil
•
The transport guard must always be fitted to the
cutting attachment when the machine is being
transported or in storage.
•
•
Secure the machine during transport.
For best results and performance use Universal,
Universal powered by McCULLOCH two-stroke
engine oil, which is specially formulated for our aircooled two-stroke engines.
•
In order to prevent unintentional starting of the engine,
the spark plug cap must always be removed during
long-term storage, if the machine is not under close
supervision and when performing all service
measures.
•
Never use two-stroke oil intended for water-cooled
engines, sometimes referred to as outboard oil (rated
TCW).
•
Never use oil intended for four-stroke engines.
•
A poor oil quality and/or too high oil/fuel ratio may
jeopardise function and decrease the life time of
catalytic converters.
•
Mixing ratio
!
WARNING! Take care when handling fuel.
Bear in mind the risk of fire, explosion
and inhaling fumes.
1:50 (2%) with Universal, Universal powered by
McCULLOCH two-stroke oil.
Fuel
CAUTION! The machine is equipped with a two-stroke
engine and must always been run using a mixture of
petrol and two-stroke oil. It is important to accurately
measure the amount of oil to be mixed to ensure that the
correct mixture is obtained. When mixing small amounts
of fuel, even small inaccuracies can drastically affect the
ratio of the mixture.
!
WARNING! Fuel and fuel fumes are
highly inflammable and can cause
serious injury when inhaled or allowed to
come in contact with the skin. For this
reason observe caution when handling
fuel and make sure there is adequate
ventilation.
12 – English
1:33 (3%) with oils class JASO FB or ISO EGB
formulated for air-cooled, two-stroke engines.
Petrol, litre
Two-stroke oil, litre
2% (1:50)
3% (1:33)
5
0,10
0,15
10
0,20
0,30
15
0,30
0,45
20
0,40
0,60
FUEL HANDLING
Fueling
Mixing
•
Always mix the petrol and oil in a clean container
intended for fuel.
•
Always start by filling half the amount of the petrol to
be used. Then add the entire amount of oil. Mix
(shake) the fuel mixture. Add the remaining amount of
petrol.
•
!
Mix (shake) the fuel mixture thoroughly before filling
the machine’s fuel tank.
WARNING! Taking the following
precautions, will lessen the risk of fire:
Mix and pour fuel outdoors, where there
are no sparks or flames.
Do not smoke or place hot objects near
fuel.
Always shut off the engine before
refuelling.
Always stop the engine and let it cool for
a few minutes before refuelling.
When refuelling, open the fuel cap slowly
so that any excess pressure is released
gently.
Tighten the fuel cap carefully after
refuelling.
•
Do not mix more than one month’s supply of fuel at a
time.
•
If the machine is not used for some time the fuel tank
should be emptied and cleaned.
!
WARNING! The catalytic converter
muffler gets very hot during and after
use. This also applies during idling. Be
aware of the fire hazard, especially when
working near flammable substances and/
or vapours.
Always move the machine away from the
refuelling area and source before
starting.
•
Always use a fuel container with an anti-spill valve.
•
If you have spilt fuel on it. Wipe off the spillage and
allow remaining fuel to evaporate.
•
Clean the area around the fuel cap. Contamination in
the tank can cause operating problems.
•
Ensure that the fuel is well mixed by shaking the
container before filling the tank.
English – 13
STARTING AND STOPPING
Check before starting
•
Choke: Set the choke control in the choke position.
Check that the trimmer head and trimmer guard are
not damaged or cracked. Replace the trimmer head or
trimmer guard if they have been exposed to impact or
are cracked.
!
•
•
Never use the machine without a guard nor with a
defective guard.
All covers must be correctly fitted and undamaged
before you start the machine.
Starting and stopping
!
WARNING! The complete clutch cover
and shaft must be fitted before the
machine is started, otherwise the clutch
can come loose and cause personal
injury.
WARNING! When the engine is started
with the choke in choke position the
cutting attachment will start to rotate
immediately.
Hold the body of the machine on the ground using your
left hand (CAUTION! Not with your foot!). Grip the starter
handle, slowly pull out the cord with your right hand until
you feel some resistance (the starter pawls grip), now
quickly and powerfully pull the cord. Never twist the
starter cord around your hand.
Repeat pulling the cord until the engine starts. When the
engine starts. return choke control to run position and
apply full throttle; the throttle will automatically disengage
from the start setting.
CAUTION! Do not pull the starter cord all the way out and
do not let go of the starter handle when the cord is fully
extended. This can damage the machine.
Always move the machine away from the
refuelling area and source before
starting. Place the machine on a flat
surface. Ensure the cutting attachment
cannot come into contact with any
object.
Make sure no unauthorised persons are
in the working area, otherwise there is a
risk of serious personal injury. The safety
distance is 15 metres.
Stopping
Stop the engine by switching off the ignition.
Starting
Primer bulb: Press the air purge repeatedly until fuel begins
to fill the bulb. The bulb need not be completely filled.
CAUTION! The stop switch automatically returns to the
start position. In order to prevent unintentional starting,
the spark plug cap must be removed from the spark plug
when assembling, checking and/or performing
maintenance.
14 – English
WORKING TECHNIQUES
General working instructions
6
Always hold the machine with both hands. Hold the
machine on the right side of your body. Keep all parts
of your body away from the hot surfaces. Keep all
parts of your body away from the rotating cutting
attachment.
7
Keep the cutting attachment below waist level.
8
The engine must be switched off before moving.
9
Never put the machine down with the engine running
unless you have it in clear sight.
IMPORTANT!
This section takes up the basic safety precautions for
working with a trimmer.
If you encounter a situation where you are uncertain
how to proceed you should ask an expert. Contact your
dealer or your service workshop.
Avoid all usage which you consider to be beyond your
capability.
You must understand the difference between forestry
clearing, grass clearing and grass trimming before use.
Basic safety rules
1
Look around you:
•
To ensure that people, animals or other things cannot
affect your control of the machine.
•
To ensure that people, animals, etc., do not come into
contact with the cutting attachment or loose objects
that are thrown out by the cutting attachment.
•
CAUTION! Do not use the machine unless you are
able to call for help in the event of an accident.
2
Inspect the working area. Remove all loose objects,
such as stones, broken glass, nails, steel wire, string,
etc. that could be thrown out or become wrapped
around the cutting attachment.
3
Do not use the machine in bad weather, such as
dense fog, heavy rain, strong wind, intense cold, etc.
Working in bad weather is tiring and often brings
added risks, such as icy ground, unpredictable felling
direction, etc.
4
Make sure you can move and stand safely. Check the
area around you for possible obstacles (roots, rocks,
branches, ditches, etc.) in case you have to move
suddenly. Take great care when working on sloping
ground.
!
WARNING! Neither the operator of the
machine nor anyone else may attempt to
remove the cut material while the engine
is running or the cutting equipment is
rotating, as this can result in serious
injury.
Stop the engine and cutting equipment
before you remove material that has
wound around the blade shaft as
otherwise there is a risk of injury. The
bevel gear can get hot during use and
may remain so for a while afterwards. You
could get burnt if you touch it.
!
WARNING! Watch out for thrown objects.
Always wear approved eye protection.
Never lean over the cutting attachment
guard. Stones, rubbish, etc. can be
thrown up into the eyes causing
blindness or serious injury.
Keep unauthorised persons at a
distance. Children, animals, onlookers
and helpers should be kept outside the
safety zone of 15 m. Stop the machine
immediately if anyone approaches. Never
swing the machine around without first
checking behind you to make sure noone is within the safety zone.
5
Keep a good balance and a firm foothold. Do not
overreach. Keep proper footing and balance at all
times.
English – 15
WORKING TECHNIQUES
Basic working techniques
CAUTION! This technique increases the wear on the
cord.
Always slow the engine to idle speed after each working
operation. Long periods at full throttle without any load on
the engine can lead to serious engine damage.
!
!
WARNING! Sometimes branches or
grass get caught between the guard and
cutting attachment. Always stop the
engine before cleaning.
WARNING! Overexposure to vibration
can lead to circulatory damage or nerve
damage in people who have impaired
circulation. Contact your doctor if you
experience symptoms of overexposure
to vibration. Such symptoms include
numbness, loss of feeling, tingling,
pricking, pain, loss of strength, changes
in skin colour or condition. These
symptoms normally appear in the
fingers, hands or wrists. The risk
increases at low temperatures.
•
The cord wears quicker and must be fed forward more
often when working against stones, brick, concrete,
metal fences, etc., than when coming into contact with
trees and wooden fences.
•
When trimming and clearing you should use less than
full throttle so that the cord lasts longer and to reduce
the wear on the trimmer head.
Cutting
•
The trimmer is ideal for cutting grass that is difficult to
reach using a normal lawn mower. Keep the cord
parallel to the ground when cutting. Avoid pressing the
trimmer head against the ground as this can ruin the
lawn and damage the tool.
•
Do not allow the trimmer head to constantly come into
contact with the ground during normal cutting.
Constant contact of this type can cause damage and
wear to the trimmer head.
Grass trimming with a trimmer head
Trimming
•
Hold the trimmer head just above the ground at an
angle. It is the end of the cord that does the work. Let
the cord work at its own pace. Never press the cord
into the area to be cut.
Sweeping
•
The cord can easily remove grass and weeds up
against walls, fences, trees and borders, however it
can also damage sensitive bark on trees and bushes,
and damage fence posts.
•
Reduce the risk of damaging plants by shortening the
cord to 10-12 cm and reducing the engine speed.
•
The fan effect of the rotating cord can be used for
quick and easy clearing up. Hold the cord parallel to
and above the area to be swept and move the tool to
and fro.
•
When cutting and sweeping you should use full
throttle to obtain the best results.
Clearing
•
The clearing technique removes all unwanted
vegetation. Keep the trimmer head just above the
ground and tilt it. Let the end of the cord strike the
ground around trees, posts, statues and the like.
16 – English
MAINTENANCE
Carburettor
Adjustment of the idle speed
Before any adjustments are made, make sure that the air
filter is clean and the air filter cover is fitted.
The muffler is designed to reduce the noise level and to
direct the exhaust gases away from the operator. The
exhaust gases are hot and can contain sparks, which may
cause fire if directed against dry and combustible
material.
Adjust the idle speed using the idle adjustment screw T, if
it is necessary to readjust. First turn the idle adjustment
screw T clockwise until the cutting attachment starts to
rotate. Then turn the screw anticlockwise until the cutting
attachment stops. The idle speed is correctly adjusted
when the engine will run smoothly in every position. The
idle speed should also be well below the speed at which
the cutting attachment starts to rotate.
Rec. idle speed: See the Technical data section.
!
WARNING! If the idle speed cannot be
adjusted so that the cutting attachment
stops, contact your dealer/service
workshop. Do not use the machine until
it has been correctly adjusted or
repaired.
Some mufflers are equipped with a special spark arrestor
mesh. If your machine has this type of muffler, you should
clean the mesh at least once a week. This is best done
with a wire brush. On mufflers without a catalytic
converter the mesh should be cleaned weekly, or
replaced if necessary. On mufflers fitted with a catalytic
converter the mesh should be checked, and if necessary
cleaned, monthly. If the mesh is damaged it should be
replaced. If the mesh is frequently blocked, this can be a
sign that the performance of the catalytic converter is
impaired. Contact your dealer to inspect the muffler. A
blocked mesh will cause the machine to overheat and
result in damage to the cylinder and piston.
Muffler
CAUTION! Some mufflers are fitted with a catalytic
converter. See chapter on Technical data to see whether
your machine is fitted with a catalytic converter.
CAUTION! Never use a machine with a defective muffler.
!
WARNING! Mufflers fitted with catalytic
converters get very hot during use and
remain so for some time after stopping.
This also applies at idle speed. Contact
can result in burns to the skin.
Remember the risk of fire!
English – 17
MAINTENANCE
Cooling system
spark plug should be replaced after about a month in
operation or earlier if necessary.
To keep the working temperature as low as possible the
machine is equipped with a cooling system.
2
1
The cooling system consists of:
1
Air intake on the starter.
2
Cooling fins on the cylinder.
Clean the cooling system with a brush once a week, more
often in demanding conditions. A dirty or blocked cooling
system results in the machine overheating which causes
damage to the piston and cylinder.
Spark plug
The spark plug condition is influenced by:
•
Incorrect carburettor adjustment.
•
An incorrect fuel mixture (too much or incorrect type
of oil).
•
A dirty air filter.
These factors cause deposits on the spark plug
electrodes, which may result in operating problems and
starting difficulties.
If the machine is low on power, difficult to start or runs
poorly at idle speed: always check the spark plug first
before taking any further action. If the spark plug is dirty,
clean it and check that the electrode gap is 0,5 mm. The
18 – English
CAUTION! Always use the recommended spark plug
type! Use of the wrong spark plug can damage the piston/
cylinder. Check that the spark plug is fitted with a
suppressor.
Two-piece shaft
The drive shaft end in the lower shaft should be lubricated
with grease every 30 hours. There is a risk that the drive
shaft ends (splined coupling) on models with two-piece
shafts will seize if they are not lubricated regularly.
MAINTENANCE
Air filter
Oiling the air filter
The air filter must be regularly cleaned to remove dust
and dirt in order to avoid:
Always use filter oil, art. no. 531 00 92-48. The filter oil
contains a solvent to make it spread evenly through the
filter. You should therefore avoid skin contact.
•
Carburettor malfunctions
•
Starting problems
•
Loss of engine power
•
Unnecessary wear to engine parts.
•
Excessive fuel consumption.
Put the filter in a plastic bag and pour the filter oil over it.
Knead the plastic bag to distribute the oil. Squeeze the
excess oil out of the filter inside the plastic bag and pour
off the excess before fitting the filter to the machine. Never
use common engine oil. This would drain through the filter
quite quickly and collect in the bottom.
Bevel gear
Clean the filter every 25 hours, or more regularly if
conditions are exceptionally dusty.
Cleaning the air filter
The bevel gear is filled with the right quantity of grease at
the factory. However, before using the machine you
should check that the bevel gear is filled three-quarters
full with grease. Use HUSQVARNA special grease.
Remove the air filter cover and take out the filter. Wash it
clean in warm, soapy water. Ensure that the filter is dry
before refitting it.
An air filter that has been in use for a long time cannot be
cleaned completely. The filter must therefore be replaced
with a new one at regular intervals. A damaged air filter
must always be replaced.
If the machine is used in dusty conditions the air filter
should be soaked in oil. See instructions under the
heading Oiling the air filter.
The grease in the bevel gear does not normally need to
be changed except if repairs are carried out.
English – 19
MAINTENANCE
Maintenance schedule
The following is a list of the maintenance that must be performed on the machine. Most of the items are described in the
Maintenance section. The user must only carry out the maintenance and service work described in this Operator’s
Manual. More extensive work must be carried out by an authorized service workshop.
Maintenance
Daily
maintenance
Clean the outside of the machine.
X
Make sure the throttle trigger lock and the throttle function
correctly from a safety point of view.
X
Check that the stop switch works correctly.
X
Check that the cutting attachment does not rotate at idle.
X
Clean the air filter. Replace if necessary.
X
Check that the guard is undamaged and not cracked. Replace
the guard if it has been exposed to impact or is cracked.
X
Check that the trimmer head is undamaged and not cracked.
Replace the trimmer head if necessary.
X
Check that nuts and screws are tight.
X
Check that there are no fuel leaks from the engine, tank or fuel
lines.
X
Weekly
maintenance
Check the starter and starter cord.
X
Check that the vibration damping elements are not damaged.
X
Clean the outside of the spark plug. Remove it and check the
electrode gap. Adjust the gap to 0.5 mm or replace the spark
plug. Check that the spark plug is fitted with a suppressor.
X
Clean the machine’s cooling system.
X
Clean or replace the spark arrestor mesh on the muffler (only
applies to mufflers without a catalytic converter).
X
Clean the outside of the carburettor and the space around it.
X
Check that the bevel gear is filled three-quarters full with
lubricant. Fill if necessary using special grease.
X
Monthly
maintenance
Check the fuel filter from contamination and the fuel hose from
cracks or other defects. Replace if necessary.
X
Check all cables and connections.
X
Check the clutch, clutch springs and the clutch drum for wear.
Replace if necessary by an autorized service workshop.
X
Replace the spark plug. Check that the spark plug is fitted with a
suppressor.
X
20 – English
TECHNICAL DATA
Technical data
T22LCS
T22LS
Engine
Cylinder displacement, cm3
21,7
21,7
Cylinder bore, mm
32,0
32,0
Stroke, mm
27
27
Idle speed, rpm
2900
2900
Recommended max. speed, rpm
7200
9100
Speed of output shaft, rpm
7200
6700
Max. engine output, acc. to ISO 8893, kW/ rpm
0,6/7800
0,6/7800
Catalytic converter muffler
Yes
Yes
Speed-regulated ignition system
No
No
Spark plug
NGK CMR6A
NGK CMR6A
Electrode gap, mm
0,5
0,5
0,3
0,3
4,6
4,9
Sound power level, measured dB(A)
103
105
Sound power level, guaranteed LWA dB(A)
103
104
Ignition system
Fuel and lubrication system
Fuel tank capacity, litre
Weight
Weight without fuel, cutting attachment and guard, kg
Noise emissions
(see note 1)
Noise levels
(see note 2)
Equivalent sound pressure level at the operator’s ear,
88
measured according to EN ISO 11806 and ISO 22868, dB(A):
90
Vibration levels
(see note 3)
Equivalent vibration levels (ahv,eq) at handles, measured
according to EN ISO 11806 and ISO 22867, m/s2
Equipped with trimmer head (original), left/right
4,22/3,49
3,76/3,12
Note 1: Noise emissions in the environment measured as sound power (LWA) in conformity with EC directive 2000/14/
EC. Reported sound power level for the machine has been measured with the original cutting attachment that gives the
highest level. The difference between guaranteed and measured sound power is that the guaranteed sound power also
includes dispersion in the measurement result and the variations between different machines of the same model
according to Directive 2000/14/EC.
Note 2: Reported data for equivalent sound pressure level for the machine has a typical statistical dispersion (standard
deviation) of 1 dB (A).
Note 3: Reported data for equivalent vibration level has a typical statistical dispersion (standard deviation) of 1 m/s2.
English – 21
TECHNICAL DATA
T22LS
Approved accessories
Type
Cutting attachment guard, Art. no.
P25 (Ø 2.0 mm cord)
574 55 72-01
Type
Cutting attachment guard, Art. no.
P25 (Ø 2.0 mm cord)
574 61 31-01
Blade shaft thread M10
Trimmer head
T22LCS
Approved accessories
Blade shaft thread 3/8 R
Trimmer head
The following attachments are recommended for the specified models.
Approved accessories
Art No.
Use with
Cultivator attachment CAC
577 61 62-02
T22LCS, T22LS
Blower attachment BAC
577 61 62-03
T22LCS, T22LS
Edger attachment EAC
577 61 62-04
T22LCS, T22LS
Pole saw attachment PAC
577 61 62-05
T22LCS, T22LS
Hedge trimmer attachment
967 17 64-01
T22LCS, T22LS
EC-declaration of conformity (Applies to Europe only)
We, Husqvarna AB, SE-561 82 Huskvarna, Sweden, tel: +46-36-146500, declare that the grass trimmers
McCULLOCH T22LS and T22LCS with serial numbers dating from 2012 onwards (the year is clearly stated on the rating
plate, followed by the serial number), comply with the requirements of the COUNCIL’S DIRECTIVE:
- of May 17, 2006 "relating to machinery" 2006/42/EC
- of December 15, 2004 ”relating to electromagnetic compatibility” 2004/108/EC.
- of May 8, 2000 ”relating to the noise emissions in the environment” 2000/14/EC. Conformity assessment according
to Annex V. For information relating to noise emissions, see the chapter Technical data.
The following standards have been applied: EN ISO 12100-2/A1:2009, CISPR 12:2007, EN ISO 11806:2008
SMP Svensk Maskinprovning AB, Fyrisborgsgatan 3, SE-754 50 Uppsala, Sweden, has performed voluntary type
examination on behalf of Husqvarna AB. The certificates are numbered:
SEC/11/2328, 01/164/080, - T22LCS, SEC/11/2329, 01/164/079, - T22LS
Huskvarna 31 October 2011
Bengt Frögelius, Development manager (Authorized representative for Husqvarna AB and responsible for technical
documentation.)
22 – English
P25
1
2
2,0 mm
.079"
3
6,0 m
18'
10 cm
4"
3,05 m
9'
4
5
6
7
8
"Clic"
15 cm
6"
9
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2012-03-29