Agilent Technologies 346B Specifications

Agilent Technologies
E444xA Option H26
User’s and Service Guide
Agilent Technologies
E444xA Option H26
User’s and Service Guide
This guide applies to firmware revision A.06.01 or greater
Use this manual with the following documents:
Agilent Technologies PSA Series Spectrum Analyzer User’s
and Programmer’s Reference Guide
Manufacturing Part Number: E4440-90560
Printed in USA
March 2005
© Copyright 2003-2005 Agilent Technologies
Warranty Statement
THE MATERIAL CONTAINED IN THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED “AS IS,” AND IS SUBJECT
TO BEING CHANGED, WITHOUT NOTICE, IN FUTURE EDITIONS. FURTHER, TO THE
MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, AGILENT DISCLAIMS ALL
WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WITH REGARD TO THIS MANUAL AND
ANY INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. AGILENT SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ERRORS OR FOR INCIDENTAL
OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES IN CONNECTION WITH THE FURNISHING, USE, OR
PERFORMANCE OF THIS DOCUMENT OR ANY INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN.
SHOULD AGILENT AND THE USER HAVE A SEPARATE WRITTEN AGREEMENT WITH
WARRANTY TERMS COVERING THE MATERIAL IN THIS DOCUMENT THAT CONFLICT
WITH THESE TERMS, THE WARRANTY TERMS IN THE SEPARATE AGREEMENT WILL
CONTROL.
Safety Notes
The following safety notes are used throughout this manual. Familiarize yourself with
each of the notes and its meaning before operating this instrument. All pertinent safety
notes for using this product can be found in the standard manual.
WARNING
Warning denotes a hazard. It calls attention to a procedure
which, if not correctly performed or adhered to, could result in
injury or loss of life. Do not proceed beyond a warning note
until the indicated conditions are fully understood and met.
CAUTION
Caution denotes a hazard. It calls attention to a procedure that, if not
correctly performed or adhered to, could result in damage to or
destruction of the instrument. Do not proceed beyond a caution sign
until the indicated conditions are fully understood and met.
Certification
Agilent Technologies, Inc. certifies that this product met its published specifications at the
time of shipment from the factory. Agilent Technologies, Inc. further certifies that its
calibration measurements are traceable to the United States National Institute of
Standards and Technology, to the extent allowed by the Institute's calibration facility, and
to the calibration facilities of other International Standards Organization members.
ii
Definitions
• Specifications describe the performance of parameters covered by the product warranty
(temperature - 0 to 55 °C, unless otherwise noted.)
• Typical describes additional product performance information that is not covered by the
product warranty. It is performance beyond specification that 80% of the units exhibit
with a 95% confidence level over the temperature range 20 to 30 °C. Typical
performance does not include measurement uncertainty.
• Nominal values indicate expected performance, or describe product performance that is
useful in the application of the product, but is not covered by the product warranty.
Where to Find the Latest Information
Documentation is updated periodically. For the latest information about Agilent
Technologies PSA Analyzers, including firmware upgrades and application information,
please visit the following Internet URL:
http://www.agilent.com/find/psa
DFARS/Restricted Rights Notice
If software is for use in the performance of a U.S. Government prime contract or
subcontract, Software is delivered and licensed as “Commercial computer software” as
defined in DFAR 252.227-7014 (June 1995), or as a “commercial item” as defined in FAR
2.101(a) or as “Restricted computer software” as defined in FAR 52.227-19 (June 1987) or
any equivalent agency regulation or contract clause. Use, duplication or disclosure of
Software is subject to Agilent Technologies’ standard commercial license terms, and
non-DOD Departments and Agencies of the U.S. Government will receive no greater than
Restricted Rights as defined in FAR 52.227-19(c)(1-2) (June 1987). U.S. Government users
will receive no greater than Limited Rights as defined in FAR 52.227-14 (June 1987) or
DFAR 252.227-7015 (b)(2) (November 1995), as applicable in any technical data.
iii
iv
Contents
1. Overview
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Maximum Input Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
VSWR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Displayed Average Noise Level (Preamp Off) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
Noise Figure Measurement Personality and Option H26 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8
Performance Verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Block Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
Replaceable Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
Contacting Agilent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-16
2. Example Measurements
What is in This Chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Equipment for Test Set-ups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Analog Test Set-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Digital Test Set-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2
2-3
2-4
2-6
3. User Interface
What is in This Chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Panel Key Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AMPLITUDE Y Scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GPIB Control of Preamp Gain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preamp Gain Command Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Flatness Compensation Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accessing the Flatness Compensation Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GPIB Control of the Flatness Compensation Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reloading the Flatness Correction Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recreating the Flatness Correction Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2
3-3
3-3
3-4
3-4
3-5
3-5
3-5
3-6
3-7
4. Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
i
Contents
ii
1
Overview
-
Overview
Description
Description
The Agilent Technologies E444xA Option H26 consists of a high band preamp with a
nominal gain of 27 dB at the front end of the spectrum analyzer. The performance and ease
of use come from the high gain of the preamplifier, the ability to switch the preamp in and
out and the use of the instruments flatness correction tables to reduce the amplitude
errors.
The preamp has a frequency range from 3 GHz to the upper frequency limit of the
analyzer. Refer to Table 1-1. The preamp can be enabled or disabled via remote SCPI
commands or from the front panel interface. The lowband preamp (Option 1DS) operates
below 3 GHz and the highband preamp (Option H26) operates above 3 GHz.
Table 1-1
Preamp frequency range
Model
Preamp Frequency range
E4440A
3 GHz to 26.5 GHz
E4443A
3 GHz to 6.7 GHz
E4445A
3 GHz to 13.2 GHz
E4446A
3 GHz to 44 GHz
E4448A
3 GHz to 50 GHz
NOTE
All instrument specifications are considered to be NOMINAL values of
performance when the highband preamp is engaged. For example,
specifications for absolute amplitude accuracy are now NOMINAL in
performance and may still be useful but are not specified.
CAUTION
Excessive Relay Switch wear can occur if the instrument is sweeping
from below 2.85 GHz and the Stop Frequency is above 3.05 GHz.
CAUTION
The Damage Level is reduced to +20 dBm when the Option H26 is
enabled.
Flatness characteristics of the preamp will be stored in the User memory file titled “Other.”
This can be used to compensate for the variations in amplitude of the High Band PreAmp.
Refer to “Accessing the Flatness Compensation Table” on page 3-5.
When not using the highband preamp, displayed average noise level may still be degraded
due to the extra length of cable in the option. Refer to “Displayed Average Noise Level
(Preamp Off)” on page 1-7.
1 -2
Chapter 1
Overview
Description
If the instrument preamp is “ON” and sweeping from below 3 GHz to above 3 GHz, the
instrument will automatically switch the highband preamp to the “ON” state above 3 GHz.
Refer to Figure 1-1.
Figure 1-1
Lowband vs. Highband Frequency Diagram for E4440A1
* The “3.05 GHz” switch point occurs when sweeping from below 3 GHz
to above 3 GHz. The highband preamp low frequency point is extended
down to 3.0 GHz if the start frequency is set to 3.0 GHz.
NOTE
Please note that in Full Band Sweep, Retrace time has been increased to
reduce relay wear at band-cross. To reduce the retrace time, sweep
completely in either side of the band-cross frequency.
CAUTION
Excessive Relay Switch wear can occur if the instrument is sweeping
from below 2.85 GHz and the Stop Frequency is above 3.05 GHz.
To find descriptions of specific analyzer functions refer to the Agilent Technologies PSA
Spectrum Analyzers User’s and Programming Reference Guide.
1. See Table 1-1, “Preamp frequency range” for other model numbers.
Chapter 1
1 -3
-
Overview
Characteristics
Characteristics
Table 1-2
Option H26 Nominal Performance when the Preamp is On
Description
Nominal Performance
E4440A, E4443A,
E4445A
E4446A, E4448A
27 dB
27 dB
n/a
24 dB
DANL to +16 dBm
DANL to +20 dBm
Supplemental
Information
Preamp Gain
3 GHz to 30 GHz
Above 30 GHz
Amplitude
Measurement Range
Max Safe Input Level
Avg Total Power
page 1-5
+20 dBm
+20 dBm
–6 dBm
–6 dBm
See Caution below
Gain compression
1 dB Gain Comp Pointa
Table 1-3 on page 1-5
VSWR
page 1-6
DANL degradationb
page 1-7
3 GHz
0.4 dB
0.4 dB
12 GHz
0.7 dB
0.8 dB
26 GHz
1.1 dB
1.4 dB
50 GHz
n/a
2.2 dB
Noise Figure
page 1-8
a. at the Preamp RF input
b. with Option H26 preamp off.
CAUTION
The Damage Level is reduced to +20 dBm when the Option H26 is
enabled.
1 -4
Chapter 1
Overview
Characteristics
Maximum Input Level
The maximum allowable input level without damage is +20 dBm when the preamp is on.
The input level calculation varies for different PSA models. See below.
E4440A, E4443A and E4445A:
As mentioned, the maximum allowable input level without damage is +20 dBm when the
preamp is on. This is not the power at the input connector minus the on-screen input
attenuator setting. The maximum allowable input level is the power at the input connector
minus the actual input attenuation. This is because the preamp is located after the 0-4 dB
attenuator stages but before the 6, 10, 20, 30 dB attenuator stages. Therefore, the
attenuation value entered on the instrument is in most cases, not the input attenuation to
the preamp. Refer to Table 1-3 for the actual input attenuation.
E4446A and E4448A:
Here too, the maximum allowable input level without damage is +20 dBm when the
preamp is on. For the E4446A and E4448A, the on-screen attenuation is the actual input
attenuation to the preamp, therefore the maximum allowable input level without damage
is the power at the input connector minus the on-screen attenuation. Refer to Table 1-3 for
the actual input attenuation.
Table 1-3
Input Attenuator vs. Actual Input Attenuation
Input Attenuator
Setting > 3 GHz
Actual Input Attenuation
at Preamp Input for
E4440A, 43A, and 45A
Actual Input Attenuation
at Preamp Input for
E4446A, and E4448A
0 dB
0 dB
0 dB
2 dB
2 dB
2 dB
4 dB
4 dB
4 dB
6 dB
0 dB
6 dB
8 dB
2 dB
8 dB
10 dB
0 dB
10 dB
12 dB
2 dB
12 dB
Chapter 1
1 -5
-
Overview
Characteristics
VSWR
The VSWR graphs show the nominal instrument VSWR from 3 GHz to 26.5 GHz for the
E4440A (see Figure 1-2), and from 3 GHz to 50 GHz for the E4448A (see Figure 1-3) with
the Option H26 Preamp On, and 0 dB attenuation. The graphs show the behavior of two
instruments, an E4440A and an E4448A. The E4443A and E4445A will have similar
behavior to the E4440A and likewise the E4446A will have similar behavior to the
E4448A.
Figure 1-2
Nominal E4440A Instrument VSWR 3 GHz to 26.5 GHz;
High Band Preamp On, Attenuation = 0 dB
VSW R
1.8
1.7
1.6
VSWR
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.1
1
3
8
13
18
23
F r e q u e n c y (G H z )
Nominal E4448A Instrument VSWR 3 GHz to 50 GHz;
High Band Preamp On, Attenuation = 0 dB
VSW R
2.2
2
1.8
VSWR
Figure 1-3
1.6
1.4
1.2
1
3
8
13
18
23
28
33
38
43
48
F re q u e n c y (G H z )
1 -6
Chapter 1
Overview
Characteristics
Displayed Average Noise Level (Preamp Off)
Due to the additional length of RF cable, and insertion loss of the RF switch by the
inclusion of option H26, the standard instrument displayed average noise level (DANL)
(H26 Off) may be nominally degraded. Equation 1-1, “DANL degradation for E4440A,
E4443A, and E4445A H26” and Equation 1-2, “DANL degradation for E4446A and E4448A
H26” are provided in calculating the degradation for specific frequencies other than those
given in Table 1-2 on page 1-4.
“Appendix” on page 4-1 is provided to manually verify DANL performance.
Equation 1-1
DANL degradation for E4440A, E4443A, and E4445A H26
⎛ 5.758 + 4.89 × F – 0.146 × F 2 + 2.433 ×10– 3 × F 3⎞
DH26 = D + 0.2 + ( ( 0.45 ⁄ 26.5 ) × F ) + 7.5 × ⎜ --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------⎟
1200
⎝
⎠
Equation 1-2
DANL degradation for E4446A and E4448A H26
⎛ 8.473 + 6.86 × F – 0.159 × F 2 + 1.831 ×10– 3 × F 3⎞
DH26 = D + 0.15 + ( 0.02 × F ) + 7 × ⎜ --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------⎟
1200
⎝
⎠
For all equations, F is the Frequency in GHz.
D is the term used for representing the instrument’s DANL specification found in the PSA
Series Specification Guide.
DH26 is the term used to represent the resultant instrument DANL from the inclusion of
Option H26.
Chapter 1
1 -7
-
Overview
Characteristics
Noise Figure Measurement Personality and Option H26
This section provides nominal performance information for the PSA series, Option 219,
Noise Figure Measurement as it relates to the Option H26, High Band Preamp.
CAUTION
Excessive Relay Switch wear can occur if the instrument is sweeping
from a start frequency of 3.05 GHz and below to above 3.05 GHz. This
is different than when operating in the SA Mode.
You need the following equipment to use this personality/hardware combination.
Table 1-4
Hardware, Firmware and Software Requirements
Firmware
Software
Hardware
Revision
Number
Noise Figure
Measurement
Personality
Front End Driver
Board
Option 1DS
Internal
Pre-Amp
≥ A.06.01
Option 219
Rev b or later
Required
NOTE
The Noise Figure Measurement personality (Option 219) requires
Revision “b” or later of the Front End Driver assembly. This supplies
the +28 V output (labelled “NOISE SOURCE DRIVE OUT +28 V
(PULSED)” on the rear panel), which is needed to drive the noise
source. To see which version is installed on your PSA, press System,
Show Hdwr. If you have an earlier revision than Revision “b,” contact
your Agilent Technologies representative.
Refer to http://www.agilent.com/find/psa for further information.
Table 1-5
Instrument Uncertainty for Noise Figure with Option H26
Description
Specifications
Instrument Uncertainty
3 to 10 GHz
10 to 20 GHz
20 to 26.5 GHz
1 -8
Supplemental Information
Nominally the same as for the
10 MHz to 3 GHz range
There are no
warranted
specifications
for Option H26.
Refer to Table
1-2 on page 1-4
for Nominal
Performance
H26 Preamp cautiona
Band Crossing cautionb
Well-controlled preselectorc
Good preselector stabilityd
Preselector Drift Effectse
Chapter 1
Overview
Characteristics
a. The Special Option H26 preamp can reduce the total NF measurement uncertainty substantially above 3 GHz because it will reduce the effective noise figure of the measurement system,
and thus it will reduce the sensitivity of the total NF uncertainty to the Instrument Gain
Uncertainty. But if the signal levels into the preamp are large enough, the preamp may experience some compression. The compression differences between the noise-source-on and
noise-source-off states causes an error that must be added to Instrument Noise Figure Uncertainty for use in the Noise Figure Uncertainty Calculator. Such signal levels are quite likely for
the case where the DUT has some combination of high gain, high noise figure and wide bandwidth. Here’s an example: The measurement will be made at 18 GHz. The typical preamp gain
is 25 dB and the noise figure is 7 dB. We will assume the DUT has 20 dB gain, a 10 dB NF, and
a passband from 5 to 30 GHz. We will use a noise source with 17 dB ENR. When the noise
source is on, the DUT output can be computed by starting with kTB (–174 dBm/Hz) and adding
10×log(30 GHz – 5 GHz) or 104 dB, giving –70 dBm for the thermal noise. Add to this the ENR
of the noise source (17 dB) combined with the NF of the DUT (10 dB) to give an equivalent input
ENR of 18 dB, thus –52 dBm input noise power. Add the gain of the DUT (20 dB) to find the
DUT output power to be –32 dBm. The noise figure of the H26 preamp may be neglected. The
H26 preamplifier gain of 25 dB adds, giving a preamplifier output power of –7 dBm. The typical
1 dB compression point of this amplifier at its output is +19 dBm.
Therefore, the output noise is 26 dB below the 1 dB compression point. This amplifier will have
negligible compression. As a rule of thumb, the compression of a noise signal is under 0.1 dB if
the average noise power is kept 7 dB below the 1 dB CW compression point. The compression in
decibels will usually double for every 3 dB increase in noise power. Use cases with higher gain
DUTs could be compressed, leading to additional errors.
b. The band 0 to band 1 crossing should be avoided. In addition to the wear-out mechanisms
(see Caution on page 1-8) involved in measurements that overlap the 3 GHz band crossing,
there will also be performance degradations. There will be thermal instabilities in such measurements that will add nominally 0.2 dB Instrument Uncertainty. The uncertainty of some NF
or Gain measurements are greatly multiplied from the Instrument Uncertainty. See the Uncertainty Calculator included with the Noise Figure Measurement for details.
c. In this frequency range, the preselector is well-controlled and there should be no need for special measurement techniques.
d. In this frequency range, the preselector usually requires no special measurement techniques
in a lab environment. But if the temperature changes by a few degrees, or the analyzer frequency is swept or changed across many gigahertz, there is a small risk that the preselector will
not be centered well enough for good measurements.
e. In this frequency range, the preselector behavior is not warranted. There is a modest risk
that the preselector will not be centered well enough for good measurements. This risk may be
reduced but not eliminated by using the analyzer at room temperature, limiting the span swept
to a few gigahertz, and not changing the operating frequency range for many minutes.
Chapter 1
1 -9
-
Overview
Characteristics
Nominal values of Noise Figure are given in Figure 1-4 and Figure 1-5.
Figure 1-4
Nominal E4440A Instrument Noise Figure;
3 GHz to 26.5 GHz with H26 Preamp On
Noise Figure
10
9
8
7
dB
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
3
8
13
18
23
Frequency (GHz)
Figure 1-5
Nominal E4448A Instrument Noise Figure;
3 GHz to 50 GHz with H26 Preamp On
Noise Figure
30
25
dB
20
15
10
5
0
3
8
13
18
23
28
33
38
43
48
Frequency (GHz)
1 -10
Chapter 1
Overview
Characteristics
Preamp ON:
Computed Measurement NF Uncertainty vs. DUT Gain, > 3 GHz
(Non-warranted Frequency Range)
Assumptions: Measurement Frequency 12 GHz, Instrument NF = 6.4 dB1, Instrument
VSWR = 1.52, Instrument Gain Uncertainty = 2.2 dB, Instrument NF Uncertainty = 0.05
dB, Agilent 346B Noise Source with Uncertainty = 0.2 dB, Source VSWR = 1.25, DUT
input/output VSWR = 1.5.
Figure 1-6
NF Uncertainty vs. DUT Gains > 3 GHz, Preamp On
Meas NF Uncert (dB)
4
3
NF = 5 dB
2
NF = 10 dB
1
NF = 15 dB
0
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
DUT Gain (dB)
1. The preamp/analyzer combination NF is 6.4 dB; the internal preamp alone has a gain of 27 dB
and a NF of 5 dB.
2. Instrument VSWR is now that of the internal preamp; VSWR = 1.5
Chapter 1
1 -11
-
Overview
Performance Verification
Performance Verification
To verify the performance of the E444xA Option H26, refer to Figure 1-7. In this example,
an 83650B Synthesized Sweeper was used, but a similar RF source could also be used.
CAUTION
The Damage Level is reduced to +20 dBm when the Option H26 is
enabled.
1. Set the Signal Source to 5 GHz at –30 dBm. Verify the RF Power using a power meter.
Connect the source to the PSA RF Input.
2. Measure the amplitude on E444xA H26 with preamp off.
3. Turn on the preamp, insuring that the Amp Corr is also on. Refer “Front Panel Key
Select” on page 3-3 and “Flatness Compensation Table” on page 3-5 for more
information.
4. Measure the amplitude on the PSA screen.
The measured amplitude should be ± 5dB of the measured input signal from step 2.
5. Repeat at 15 GHz, 20 GHz, 35 GHz, and 40 GHz.
NOTE
Even with option H26 disabled, the instrument may fail the DANL test
when performing the PSA Series Performance Verification Tests. This is
due to the insertion loss in the switches and cables used with H26. If a
failure occurs, refer to “Appendix” on page 4-1 to manually check
DANL. This check can be used to determine if the instrument needs to
be troubleshot for a higher than normal H26 DANL level.
Figure 1-7
Performance Verification Set-up
1 -12
Chapter 1
Overview
Block Diagram
Block Diagram
Refer to Figure 1-8. The preamp and high frequency transfer switch are located between
the first attenuator and the second attenuator.
Figure 1-8
E4440A, E4443A, and E4445A H26 Block Diagram
Refer to Figure 1-9. The preamp and high frequency transfer switch are located between
the attenuator and the highband mixer/preselector.
Figure 1-9
E4446A and E4448A H26 Block Diagram
Chapter 1
1 -13
-
Overview
Replaceable Parts
Replaceable Parts
Table 1-6
E4440A, E4443A, and E4445A Option H26 Replaceable Parts
Agilent Part
Number
Quantity
Microwave amplifier
0955-1663
1
Bracket, Option H26
E4440-00051
1
Semi-rigid cable assembly (Switch In)
E4440-20302
1
Semi-rigid cable assembly (Amp In)
E4440-20303
1
Semi-rigid cable assembly (Amp Out)
E4440-20304
1
Semi-rigid cable assembly (Switch Out)
E4440-20305
1
Cable assembly, switch control
E4440-60427
1
Board Assembly, PSA H26
E4440-60358
1
Cable assembly, amp bias
E4446-60067
1
N1811TL-CFG002a
1
Description
Transfer switch 26 GHz
a. N1811TL-CFG002 has standard options 124-026-201-302-403.
1 -14
Chapter 1
Overview
Replaceable Parts
Table 1-7
E4446A, and E4448A Option H26 Replaceable Parts
Agilent Part
Number
Quantity
0955-1617
1
Transfer switch 50 GHz
87222-60015
1
Attenuator bracket
E4440-00020
1
Cable Assembly, ribbon, 10 conductor
E4440-60071
1
Board Assembly, PSA H26
E4440-60358
1
Bracket, Option H26
E4446-00008
1
Semi-rigid cable assembly (Switch In)
E4446-20060
1
Semi-rigid cable assembly (Amp In)
E4446-20061
1
Semi-rigid cable assembly (Amp Out)
E4446-20062
1
Semi-rigid cable assembly (Switch Out)
E4446-20063
1
Wire harness cable assembly (bias)
E4446-60067
1
Description
Microwave amplifier
Chapter 1
1 -15
-
Overview
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1 -16
11/16/04
Chapter 1
2
Example Measurements
Example Measurements
What is in This Chapter
What is in This Chapter
This chapter demonstrates analog and digital analyzer measurements with the Agilent
E444xA Option H26 and how it relates to a signal with the preamp “ON” or “OFF.”
• “Equipment for Test Set-ups” on page 2-3.
• “Analog Test Set-up” on page 2-4.
• “Digital Test Set-up” on page 2-6.
To find descriptions of specific analyzer functions, refer to the Agilent Technologies PSA
Series Spectrum Analyzers User’s and Programmer’s Reference Guide.
2-2
Chapter 2
Example Measurements
Equipment for Test Set-ups
Equipment for Test Set-ups
Use the following equipment to set-up the Option H26 for an analog or digital
measurement.
Table 2-1
Required Test Equipment
Test Equipment
Quantity
Recommended
Model
Various Adapters
n/a
n/a
Various cables
n/a
n/a
Synthesizer Sweeper
10 MHz to 50 GHz
1
83650B1
Attenuator 20 dB or greater
1
8490D
1. An 83630B can be used with the E4440A, E4443A, or E4445A.
Chapter 2
2-3
Example Measurements
Equipment for Test Set-ups
Analog Test Set-up
Using the Agilent Technologies E444xA Option H26 will allow the user to view low
amplitude analog signals. Use the following instrument set-ups for viewing an analog
signal. Use the “Front Panel Key Select” on page 3-3 and “GPIB Control of Preamp Gain”
on page 3-4 to control the instrument while making measurements.
Figure 2-1
Analog Test Set-up
The setup shown in Figure 2-1, “Analog Test Set-up” can be used to look for low amplitude
signals that would normally be within the noise floor of the spectrum analyzer.
2-4
Chapter 2
Example Measurements
Equipment for Test Set-ups
In the example, a low amplitude, 26 GHz signal is generated with the Agilent 83650B. The
amplitude was further reduced by using an 8490D coaxial attenuator, which produced a
signal that was hidden in the noise floor of the spectrum analyzer in normal operation.
Refer to Figure 2-2, “Analog Input Signal with Preamp OFF.”
Figure 2-2
Analog Input Signal with Preamp OFF
Preamp
Control
"OFF"
When the internal preamp is turned on, the noise floor of the spectrum analyzer is
reduced, revealing the signal of interest. Refer to Figure 2-3, “Analog Input Signal with
Preamp ON.”
Figure 2-3
Analog Input Signal with Preamp ON
Preamp
Control "ON"
Chapter 2
2-5
Example Measurements
Equipment for Test Set-ups
Digital Test Set-up
Using the Agilent Technologies E444xA Option H26 will allow the user to view low
amplitude digital signals. Use the following instrument set-up to view an example of a
digital signal. Use the “Front Panel Key Select” on page 3-3 and “GPIB Control of Preamp
Gain” on page 3-4 to control the instrument while making measurements.
Figure 2-4
Digital Test Set-up
The test set-up shown in Figure 2-4, “Digital Test Set-up” can also be used to look for a low
amplitude modulated signals. In the example, we try to see the carrier suppression of a
multi-tone digital signal. The 20 GHz signal was generated by an Agilent E8267C Vector
Signal Generator.
The E8267C was configured using the following keystrokes:
[AMPLITUDE] > -60 > dBm [MODE] > Multitone > On
The default settings of the source were used to produce the signal as shown. The amplitude
was reduced even further by using a coaxial attenuator, model number 8490D.
2-6
Chapter 2
Example Measurements
Equipment for Test Set-ups
This produced the multi-tone signal as shown in Figure 2-5, “Digital Input Signal with
Preamp OFF.” Notice that we cannot detect the carrier signal at 20 GHz.
Figure 2-5
Digital Input Signal with Preamp OFF
Preamp
Control "OFF"
When the Option H26 highband preamplifier is turned on, the noise floor of the spectrum
analyzer is reduced thus revealing the carrier signal at 20 GHz. Refer to Figure 2-6,
“Digital Input Signal with Preamp ON.”
Figure 2-6
Digital Input Signal with Preamp ON
Preamp
Control "ON"
Chapter 2
2-7
Example Measurements
Equipment for Test Set-ups
2-8
Chapter 2
3
User Interface
User Interface
What is in This Chapter
What is in This Chapter
This chapter provides instructions on using the preamp via the front panel, through GPIB
commands, accessing the flatness compensation table reloading and recreating the flatness
correction table for your instrument.
• “Front Panel Key Select” on page 3-3.
• “GPIB Control of Preamp Gain” on page 3-4
• “Flatness Compensation Table” on page 3-5.
To find descriptions of specific analyzer functions, refer to the Agilent Technologies PSA
Series Spectrum Analyzers User’s and Programmer’s Reference Guide.
3-2
Chapter 3
User Interface
Front Panel Key Select
Front Panel Key Select
AMPLITUDE Y Scale
Activates the reference level function and accesses the amplitude menu keys only while
the instrument is in Spectrum Analysis mode. Amplitude menu keys allow you to set
functions that affect the way data on the vertical axis is displayed or corrected.
Int Preamp
On Off
Agilent E444xA with Option 1DS and H26 turns the internal preamps on and off. Pressing
Int Preamp (On) results in a correction being applied to compensate for the gain of the 1DS
preamp so that amplitude readings show the value at the input connector. To apply
corrections to the H26 Highband Preamp amplitude readings, corrections are manually
applied and are explained in the section titled “Accessing the Flatness Compensation
Table” on page 3-5. When the preamps are on, a PA indication appears on the left side of
the display.
The lowband preamp is specified to operate over a 1 MHz to 3 GHz frequency range and
the highband preamp is specified to operate from 3 GHz to the upper frequency limit of the
instrument1 depending on the model. Refer to Figure 1-1, “Lowband vs. Highband
Frequency Diagram for E4440A” on page 1-3.
Key Access: AMPLITUDE Y Scale > More 1 of 3
1. Refer to Table 1-1 on page 1-2 for other model numbers and frequency ranges.
Chapter 3
3-3
User Interface
GPIB Control of Preamp Gain
GPIB Control of Preamp Gain
The following SCPI commands apply to the Agilent E444xA Option 1DS and H26.
Refer to Agilent Technologies PSA Spectrum Analyzer User’s and Programmer’s Reference
Guide, to locate SCPI command subsystems and subsections that apply to the standard
functions of the Agilent Technologies E444xA PSA-Series Spectrum Analyzer.
Preamp Gain Command Interface
[:SENSe]:POWer[:RF]:GAIN[:STATe] OFF|ON|0|1
[:SENSe]:POWer[:RF]:GAIN[:STATe]?
The above two commands turns the internal lowband and highband preamp on or off.
Factory Preset
and *RST:
Off
Remarks:
This command is available only with Option 1DS installed.
Front Panel
Access:
AMPLITUDE/Y Scale > More 1 of 3 > Int Preamp On Off
Refer to Figure 2-3, “Analog Input Signal with Preamp ON” on page 2-5 for an example of
an analog "ON" state of the highband preamp.
Refer to Figure 2-6, “Digital Input Signal with Preamp ON” on page 2-7 for an example of a
digital "ON" state of the highband preamp.
3-4
Chapter 3
User Interface
Flatness Compensation Table
Flatness Compensation Table
The following sections will cover the following:
• “Accessing the Flatness Compensation Table” on page 3-5.
• “GPIB Control of the Flatness Compensation Table” on page 3-5
• “Reloading the Flatness Correction Table” on page 3-6.
• “Recreating the Flatness Correction Table” on page 3-7.
Accessing the Flatness Compensation Table
During the Swept Flatness test routine at the factory, correction data points are collected
with the highband preamp in the OFF state. The test is then run again with the highband
preamp ON. The corrections are then applied to get the best flatness response.
The flatness compensation table is available for the user to apply corrections for an
improved flatness response while the highband preamp is on. The following keystrokes
will aid the user in accessing the flatness compensation table.
[AMPLITUDE] > More 1 of 3 > Corrections > Other > Correction > On | Off
NOTE
When sweeping from below 2.85 GHz to above 3.05 GHz, the corrections
table will cause amplitude errors in the 2.85 GHz – 3 GHz band. To
avoid these errors, set the start frequency above 2.85 GHz.
NOTE
The instrument does not automatically enable the Amplitude
Corrections, they must be enabled by the user where appropriate.
Unlike the option 1DS lowband preamp where the lowband preamp
flatness is corrected automatically, the Amplitude Correction “OTHER”
must be turned “ON” when the Preamp is turned “ON” and turned
“OFF” when the Preamp is turned “OFF.” Measurement errors will
result if this is not done.
GPIB Control of the Flatness Compensation Table
The following SCPI commands related to the Agilent E444xA Option 1DS and H26.
Refer to Agilent Technologies PSA Spectrum Analyzer User’s and Programmer’s Reference
Guide, to locate SCPI command subsystems and subsections that apply to the standard
functions of the Agilent Technologies E444xA PSA-Series Spectrum Analyzer.
Chapter 3
3-5
User Interface
Flatness Compensation Table
Preamp Compensation Table Command Interface
The following command turns on or off the correction system.
[:SENSe]:CORRection:CSET:ALL[:STATe] OFF|ON|0|1
The following command turns on or off the correction file to be used1.
[:SENSe]:CORRection:CSET3:[:STATe] OFF|ON|0|1
Reloading the Flatness Correction Table
As a cautionary measure, the flatness corrections stored in the “Other” users file have been
provided on a matching serialized disk to be reloaded into the specific spectrum analyzer
in the event the flatness corrections are deleted from the instrument.
Insert the serialized disk into the instrument. Use the following keystrokes to reload the
serialized flatness corrections data from the disk to the specific instrument.
[FILE] > Load > Type > More 1 of 2 > Corrections > Dir Select > [ ↑ | ↓ ] >
Drive A > [ ↑ | ↓ ] > "H26CORR" > Load Now
Verification of the Flatness Correction Data
To verify the download, use the following keystrokes then verify that the data is
visible in the table.
[AMPLITUDE] > More 1 of 3 > Corrections > Other > Edit
Press [RETURN] so as not to disturb the data.
1. where CSET3 is the correction set value for "Other".
3-6
Chapter 3
User Interface
Flatness Compensation Table
Recreating the Flatness Correction Table
This section is provided in the event that both the disk and the internal correction
tables become corrupt or lost. This procedure can be used to re-create the flatness
correction table.
Table 3-1
Required Test Equipment (recreating)
Test Equipment
Quantity
Recommended
Model
Various Adapters
n/a
n/a
Various cables
n/a
n/a
1
83650B1
Synthesizer Sweeper
10 MHz to 50 GHz
1. An 83630B can be used for the E4440A, E4443A or E4445A.
Connections
1. Connect the 10 MHz Reference Output from the PSA to the Reference In of the source.
2. Turn on the Reference Output on the PSA.
[System] > Reference > 10 MHz Out > On
3. Use Table 3-2 for the PSA settings.
Table 3-2
PSA Instrument Settings
Setting
Value
Span
2 MHz
Attenuation
10 dB1
Ref Level
–30 dBm
Scale/Div
5 dB
1. MUST be in Manual Mode:
[AMPLITUDE] > Atten > Manual > 10 dB
Chapter 3
3-7
User Interface
Flatness Compensation Table
4. Turn off the corrections on the PSA.
[AMPLITUDE] > More 1 of 3 > Corrections > Apply Corrections > Off
5. Use Table 3-3 for the Source settings.
Table 3-3
Source Instrument Settings
Setting
Value
Frequency
follows PSA frequency
Power Level
–35 dBm
Procedure
1. Select 199 frequency points for use in the correction table. The first point should be 2.85
GHz and the final point should be the upper frequency limit of the PSA under test.
The PSA and the source will be set to each frequency chosen.
Repeat the following sequence of steps for each frequency on the PSA and Source in
generating the replacement correction table. The PSA and the source will be set to each
frequency chosen.
• [AMPLITUDE] > More 1 of 3 > Int Preamp Off
Adjust the source to display the input signal on the PSA screen. This should be at least 20
dB above the noise floor.
• [Peak Search]
• [Marker] > Delta
• [AMPLITUDE] > More 1 of 3 > Int Preamp On
Record the amplitude delta. Refer to Table 3-4 on page 3-9 for a sample table. The use
of a spreadsheet is helpful in recording the points.
NOTE
Any adjustment points ≤ 3 GHz will need to be measured with the PSA
start frequency of 2.85 GHz and a stop frequency of 3.06 GHz in order
to insure that the instrument is in band 1.
3-8
Chapter 3
User Interface
Flatness Compensation Table
Table 3-4
A Sample Frequency Amplitude Sheet
Point
Frequency
(GHz)
Delta
Amplitude (dB)
Correction
(dBm1)
1
2.8492
0 dB
0 dB
2
2.85
___ dB
– (___ dB)
…
___ GHz
___ dB
– (___ dB)
200
___ GHz3
___ dB
– (___ dB)
1. The correction field will contain the negative, or opposite of the Amplitude field. The correction value is what the instrument uses rather
than the Amplitude (or error) value.
2. This point is needed so that the corrections are not applied to Band 0.
3. This should be the upper limit of the PSA.
Entering the Flatness Correction Data
To manually enter these recorded values into the PSA instrument, perform the following
sequence for each point.
• [AMPLITUDE] > More 1 of 3 > Corrections > Other > Edit
• Select [FREQUENCY] 2.849 GHz
• Select [AMPLITUDE] 0 dB
After each entry, the Point counter automatically increments for entry of the next point.
• Select [FREQUENCY] 2.85 GHz
• Select [AMPLITUDE] ___ dB (Refer to Table 3-4)
• Continue entering data for each point in the table.
Press [RETURN], when finished.
To use the new correction table, insure that the corrections are turned on.
CAUTION
It is recommended that the correction set entered be saved on the
internal drive or a floppy disk for future references. See the PSA User’s
and Programming Reference Guide for information on saving correction
values.
Chapter 3
3-9
User Interface
Flatness Compensation Table
3-10
Chapter 3
4
Appendix
-
Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification
DANL Manual Performance Verification
The Displayed Average Noise Level manual performance verification measures the
preamp “off ” DANL of Option H26. The test measures the noise in zero span with a 1 kHz
resolution bandwidth, and then normalizes the amplitude to a 1 Hz bandwidth.
DANL is defined as the average of the displayed trace. There is no practical method for
manually reading the average of the trace. This procedure averages the trace 100 times
and then the operator scrolls the display line to the middle of the trace. The display line
reading is considered the trace average. The reading is normalized to a 1 Hz RBW by
subtracting 30 dB (10 × Log(1000)) from the display line value.
Table 4-7 on page 4-7 directs the user to a specific Test Record for that instrument. Table
4-8 on page 4-8 is provided for traceability of the instruments used in the testing.
Procedure
1. Connect the appropriate termination to the PSA RF input connector.
Press [System] > Alignments > Align All Now.
2. Press Preset. Set the analyzer controls by pressing the following keys:
SPAN, Span, 0 Hz
Sweep, Sweep Time, 20 ms
Amplitude, Ref Level, -100 dBm
Amplitude, Attenuation, Man, 0 dB
BW/AVG, Res BW, 1 kHz
BW/AVG, Average, On
Single
3. Press [AMPLITUDE] > More 1 of 3 > In Preamp > On. (This is the lowband preamp.)
4. Press [FREQUENCY] and enter the first frequency listed in Table 4-1 on page 4-3.
4 -2
Chapter 4
Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification
Table 4-1
DANL (PSA with Option 1DS)
Frequency
Normalized
DANL
100 kHz
1)
199 kHz
2)
201 kHz
3)
499 kHz
4)
501 kHz
5)
9.9 MHz
6)
10.1 MHz
7)
1.0 GHz
8)
1.2 GHz
9)
2.4 GHz
10)
2.6 GHz
11)
3.0 GHz
12)
5. Press Single and wait for 100 averages.
6. Press Display, Display Line, On.
7. Scroll the display line so that it bisects the trace. Read the display line amplitude and
subtract 30 from the value. Record the result under “Normalized DANL” in the table.
8. Repeat step 5 through step 8 for all frequencies listed in Table 4-1.
9. Record the results of Table 4-1 in the test record table for your model instrument later
in this chapter. Refer to Table 4-7 on page 4-7.
10.Press [AMPLITUDE], More 1 of 3, Int Preamp, Off.
11.Press [FREQUENCY] and enter the first frequency listed in Table 4-2.
Table 4-2
DANL (All PSA Instruments)
Frequency
Normalized DANL
10 kHz
13)
99 kHz
14)
101 kHz
15)
990 kHz
16)
1.01 MHz
17)
500 MHz
18)
Chapter 4
4 -3
-
Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification
Table 4-2
DANL (All PSA Instruments)
Frequency
Normalized DANL
1.1 GHz
19)
1.3 GHz
20)
2.0 GHz
21)
2.4 GHz
22)
2.6 GHz
23)
3.0 GHz
24)
3.1 GHz
25)
4.0 GHz
26)
5.0 GHz
27)
6.5 GHz
28)
6.7 GHz
29)
12.Press Single and wait for 100 averages.
13.Press Display, Display Line, On.
14.Scroll the display line so that it bisects the trace. Read the display line amplitude and
subtract 30 from the value. Record the result under “Normalized DANL” in the table.
15.Repeat step 12 through step 15 for all frequencies listed in Table 4-2.
16.Record the results of Table 4-2 in the test record table for your model instrument later
in this chapter. Refer to Table 4-7 on page 4-7. If the analyzer is an E4443A stop here.
17.Repeat step 12 through step 15 for all frequencies listed in Table 4-3.
Table 4-3
DANL (PSA E4445A, E4440A, E4446A, E4448A)
Frequency
Normalized DANL
8.0 GHz
30)
9.0 GHz
31)
10.0 GHz
32)
11.0 GHz
33)
12.0 GHz
34)
13.1 GHz
35)
18.Record the results of Table 4-3 in the test record table for your model instrument later
in this chapter. Refer to Table 4-7 on page 4-7. If the analyzer is an E4445A stop here.
4 -4
Chapter 4
Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification
19.Repeat step 12 through step 15 for all frequencies listed in Table 4-4.
Table 4-4
DANL (PSA E4440A, E4446A, E4448A)
Frequency
Normalized DANL
13.3 GHz
36)
14.0 GHz
37)
15.0 GHz
38)
16.0 GHz
39)
17.0 GHz
40)
18.0 GHz
41)
19.9 GHz
42)
20.1 GHz
43)
21.0 GHz
44)
22.4 GHz
45)
22.6 GHz
46)
24.0 GHz
47)
25.0 GHz
48)
26.4 GHz
49)
20.Record the results of Table 4-4 in the test record table for your model instrument later
in this chapter. Refer to Table 4-7 on page 4-7. If the analyzer is an E4440A stop here.
21.Repeat step 12 through step 15 for all frequencies listed in Table 4-5.
Table 4-5
DANL (PSA E4446A, E4448A)
Frequency
Normalized DANL
27.0 GHz
50)
28.0 GHz
51)
29.0 GHz
52)
30.0 GHz
53)
31.0 GHz
54)
32.0 GHz
55)
33.0 GHz
56)
34.0 GHz
57)
35.5 GHz
58)
Chapter 4
4 -5
-
Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification
Table 4-5
DANL (PSA E4446A, E4448A)
Frequency
Normalized DANL
36.5 GHz
59)
37.5 GHz
60)
38.5 GHz
61)
39.0 GHz
62)
40.0 GHz
63)
41.0 GHz
64)
42.0 GHz
65)
43.0 GHz
66)
43.9 GHz
67)
22.Record the results of Table 4-5 in the test record table for your model instrument later
in this chapter. Refer to Table 4-7 on page 4-7. If the analyzer is an E4446A stop here.
23.Repeat step 12 through step 15 for all frequencies listed in Table 4-6.
Table 4-6
DANL (PSA E4448A)
Frequency
Normalized DANL
44.1 GHz
68)
45.0 GHz
69)
46.0 GHz
70)
47.0 GHz
71)
48.0 GHz
72)
49.0 GHz
73)
50.0 GHz
74)
24.Record the results of Table 4-6 in the test record table for your model instrument later
in this chapter. Refer to Table 4-7 on page 4-7.
4 -6
Chapter 4
Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification
Table 4-7
Model Number Verification Test Record
Model Number
Table Number
E4440A
Table 4-9 on page 4-10
E4443A
Table 4-10 on page 4-13
E4445A
Table 4-11 on page 4-15
E4446A
Table 4-12 on page 4-17
E4448A
Table 4-13 on page 4-20
Chapter 4
4 -7
-
Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification
Table 4-8
Agilent E444xA Performance Verification Test Record
Agilent Technologies
Address: _____________________________________
Report No. ______________________
_____________________________________________
Date ___________________________
_____________________________________________
Model E4440A
Serial No. ___________________
Ambient temperature _______° C
Options _____________________
Relative humidity_______%
Firmware Revision ____________
Power mains line frequency ______ Hz
(nominal)
Customer ____________________________________
Tested by _______________________________
Test Equipment Used:
Description
Model No.
Trace No.
Cal Due Date
Synthesized Signal Generator
___________
___________
___________
Synthesized Signal Source
___________
___________
___________
Synthesized Sweeper #1
___________
___________
___________
Synthesized Sweeper #2
___________
___________
___________
Function Generator
___________
___________
___________
Power Meter, Dual-Channel
___________
___________
___________
RF Power Sensor #1
___________
___________
___________
RF Power Sensor #2
___________
___________
___________
Microwave Power Sensor
___________
___________
___________
Digital Multimeter
___________
___________
___________
Universal Counter
___________
___________
___________
Frequency Standard
___________
___________
___________
RF Power Splitter
___________
___________
___________
Microwave Power Splitter
___________
___________
___________
50 Ω Termination
___________
___________
___________
1 dB Step Attenuator
___________
___________
___________
10 dB Step Attenuator
___________
___________
___________
6 dB Fixed Attenuator
___________
___________
___________
10 dB Fixed Attenuator
___________
___________
___________
4 -8
Chapter 4
Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification
Table 4-8
Agilent E444xA Performance Verification Test Record
20 dB Fixed Attenuator
___________
___________
___________
Directional Bridge
___________
___________
___________
Directional Coupler
___________
___________
___________
Notes/comments:
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
Chapter 4
4 -9
-
Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification
Table 4-9
Agilent E4440A Performance Verification Test Record
Agilent Technologies
Model E4440A
Report No. ___________
Serial No. ___________
Date ___________
Test Description
Minimum
Displayed Average
Noise Level
Results
Measured
Maximum
Measurement
Uncertainty
Note: Enter results with preamp on in the appropriate section based upon
the ambient temperature when the test was performed.
Preamp On
100 kHz
(1)________
–159 dBm
±0.07 dB
199 kHz
(2)________
–159 dBm
±0.07 dB
201 kHz
(3)________
–159 dBm
±0.07 dB
499 kHz
(4)________
–159 dBm
±0.07 dB
501 kHz
(5)________
–163 dBm
±0.07 dB
9.9 MHz
(6)________
–166 dBm
±0.07 dB
10.1 MHz
(7)________
–169 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.0 GHz
(8)________
–168 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.2 GHz
(9)________
–167 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.4 GHz
(10)________
–165 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.6 GHz
(11)________
–165 dBm
±0.07 dB
3.0 GHz
(12)________
–165 dBm
±0.07 dB
10 kHz
(13)________
–134 dBm
±0.07 dB
99 kHz
(14)________
–134 dBm
±0.07 dB
101 kHz
(15)________
–144 dBm
±0.07 dB
990 kHz
(16)________
–144 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.01 MHz
(17)________
–149 dBm
±0.07 dB
500 MHz
(18)________
–154 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.1 GHz
(19)________
–154 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.3 GHz
(20)________
–153 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.0 GHz
(21)________
–153 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.4 GHz
(22)________
–153 dBm
±0.07 dB
Preamp Off
4 -10
Chapter 4
Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification
Table 4-9
Agilent E4440A Performance Verification Test Record
Agilent Technologies
Model E4440A
Report No. ___________
Serial No. ___________
Date ___________
Test Description
Minimum
Results
Measured
Maximum
Measurement
Uncertainty
2.6 GHz
(23)________
–152 dBm
±0.07 dB
3.0 GHz
(24)________
–152 dBm
±0.07 dB
3.1 GHz
(25)________
–151 dBm
±0.07 dB
4.0 GHz
(26)________
–151 dBm
±0.07 dB
5.0 GHz
(27)________
–151 dBm
±0.07 dB
6.5 GHz
(28)________
–151 dBm
±0.07 dB
6.7 GHz
(29)________
–149 dBm
±0.07 dB
8.0 GHz
(30)________
–149 dBm
±0.07 dB
9.0 GHz
(31)________
–149 dBm
±0.07 dB
10.0 GHz
(32)________
–149 dBm
±0.07 dB
11.0 GHz
(33)________
–149 dBm
±0.07 dB
12.0 GHz
(34)________
–149 dBm
±0.07 dB
13.1 GHz
(35)________
–149 dBm
±0.07 dB
13.3 GHz
(36)________
–146 dBm
±0.07 dB
14.0 GHz
(37)________
–146 dBm
±0.07 dB
15.0 GHz
(38)________
–146 dBm
±0.07 dB
16.0 GHz
(39)________
–146 dBm
±0.07 dB
17.0 GHz
(40)________
–146 dBm
±0.07 dB
18.0 GHz
(41)________
–146 dBm
±0.07 dB
19.9 GHz
(42)________
–146 dBm
±0.07 dB
20.1 GHz
(43)________
–146 dBm
±0.07 dB
21.0 GHz
(44)________
–142 dBm
±0.07 dB
22.4 GHz
(45)________
–142 dBm
±0.07 dB
22.6 GHz
(46)________
–141 dBm
±0.07 dB
24.0 GHz
(47)________
–141 dBm
±0.07 dB
Chapter 4
4 -11
-
Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification
Table 4-9
Agilent E4440A Performance Verification Test Record
Agilent Technologies
Model E4440A
Report No. ___________
Serial No. ___________
Date ___________
Test Description
Minimum
Results
Measured
Maximum
Measurement
Uncertainty
25.0 GHz
(48)________
–141 dBm
±0.07 dB
26.4 GHz
(49)________
–141 dBm
±0.07 dB
4 -12
Chapter 4
Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification
Table 4-10
Agilent E4443A Performance Verification Test Record
Agilent Technologies
Model E4443A
Report No. ___________
Serial No. ___________
Date ___________
Test Description
Displayed Average
Noise Level
Minimum
Results
Measured
Maximum
Measurement
Uncertainty
Note: Enter results with preamp on in the appropriate section based upon
the ambient temperature when the test was performed.
Preamp On
100 kHz
(1)________
–159 dBm
±0.07 dB
199 kHz
(2)________
–159 dBm
±0.07 dB
201 kHz
(3)________
–159 dBm
±0.07 dB
499 kHz
(4)________
–159 dBm
±0.07 dB
501 kHz
(5)________
–163 dBm
±0.07 dB
9.9 MHz
(6)________
–166 dBm
±0.07 dB
10.1 MHz
(7)________
–169 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.0 GHz
(8)________
–168 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.2 GHz
(9)________
–167 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.4 GHz
(10)________
–165 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.6 GHz
(11)________
–165 dBm
±0.07 dB
3.0 GHz
(12)________
–165 dBm
±0.07 dB
10 kHz
(13)________
–134 dBm
±0.07 dB
99 kHz
(14)________
–134 dBm
±0.07 dB
101 kHz
(15)________
–144 dBm
±0.07 dB
990 kHz
(16)________
–144 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.01 MHz
(17)________
–149 dBm
±0.07 dB
500 MHz
(18)________
–154 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.1 GHz
(19)________
–154 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.3 GHz
(20)________
–153 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.0 GHz
(21)________
–153 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.4 GHz
(22)________
–153 dBm
±0.07 dB
Preamp Off
Chapter 4
4 -13
-
Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification
Table 4-10
Agilent E4443A Performance Verification Test Record
Agilent Technologies
Model E4443A
Report No. ___________
Serial No. ___________
Date ___________
Test Description
Minimum
Results
Measured
Maximum
Measurement
Uncertainty
2.6 GHz
(23)________
–152 dBm
±0.07 dB
3.0 GHz
(24)________
–152 dBm
±0.07 dB
3.1 GHz
(25)________
–151 dBm
±0.07 dB
4.0 GHz
(26)________
–151 dBm
±0.07 dB
5.0 GHz
(27)________
–151 dBm
±0.07 dB
6.5 GHz
(28)________
–151 dBm
±0.07 dB
6.7 GHz
(29)________
–149 dBm
±0.07 dB
4 -14
Chapter 4
Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification
Table 4-11
Agilent E4445A Performance Verification Test Record
Agilent Technologies
Model E4445A
Report No. ___________
Serial No. ___________
Date ___________
Test Description
Displayed Average
Noise Level
Minimum
Results
Measured
Maximum
Measurement
Uncertainty
Note: Enter results with preamp on in the appropriate section based upon
the ambient temperature when the test was performed.
Preamp On
100 kHz
(1)________
–159 dBm
±0.07 dB
199 kHz
(2)________
–159 dBm
±0.07 dB
201 kHz
(3)________
–159 dBm
±0.07 dB
499 kHz
(4)________
–159 dBm
±0.07 dB
501 kHz
(5)________
–163 dBm
±0.07 dB
9.9 MHz
(6)________
–166 dBm
±0.07 dB
10.1 MHz
(7)________
–169 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.0 GHz
(8)________
–168 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.2 GHz
(9)________
–167 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.4 GHz
(10)________
–165 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.6 GHz
(11)________
–165 dBm
±0.07 dB
3.0 GHz
(12)________
–165 dBm
±0.07 dB
10 kHz
(13)________
–134 dBm
±0.07 dB
99 kHz
(14)________
–134 dBm
±0.07 dB
101 kHz
(15)________
–144 dBm
±0.07 dB
990 kHz
(16)________
–144 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.01 MHz
(17)________
–149 dBm
±0.07 dB
500 MHz
(18)________
–154 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.1 GHz
(19)________
–154 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.3 GHz
(20)________
–153 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.0 GHz
(21)________
–153 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.4 GHz
(22)________
–153 dBm
±0.07 dB
Preamp Off
Chapter 4
4 -15
-
Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification
Table 4-11
Agilent E4445A Performance Verification Test Record
Agilent Technologies
Model E4445A
Report No. ___________
Serial No. ___________
Date ___________
Test Description
Minimum
Results
Measured
Maximum
Measurement
Uncertainty
2.6 GHz
(23)________
–152 dBm
±0.07 dB
3.0 GHz
(24)________
–152 dBm
±0.07 dB
3.1 GHz
(25)________
–151 dBm
±0.07 dB
4.0 GHz
(26)________
–151 dBm
±0.07 dB
5.0 GHz
(27)________
–151 dBm
±0.07 dB
6.5 GHz
(28)________
–151 dBm
±0.07 dB
6.7 GHz
(29)________
–149 dBm
±0.07 dB
8.0 GHz
(30)________
–149 dBm
±0.07 dB
9.0 GHz
(31)________
–149 dBm
±0.07 dB
10.0 GHz
(32)________
–149 dBm
±0.07 dB
11.0 GHz
(33)________
–149 dBm
±0.07 dB
12.0 GHz
(34)________
–149 dBm
±0.07 dB
13.1 GHz
(35)________
–149 dBm
±0.07 dB
4 -16
Chapter 4
Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification
Table 4-12
Agilent E4446A Performance Verification Test Record
Agilent Technologies
Model E4446A
Report No. ___________
Serial No. ___________
Date ___________
Test Description
Displayed Average
Noise Level
Minimum
Results
Measured
Maximum
Measurement
Uncertainty
Note: Enter results with preamp on in the appropriate section based upon
the ambient temperature when the test was performed.
Preamp On
100 kHz
(1)________
–158 dBm
±0.07 dB
199 kHz
(2)________
–158 dBm
±0.07 dB
201 kHz
(3)________
–158 dBm
±0.07 dB
499 kHz
(4)________
–159 dBm
±0.07 dB
501 kHz
(5)________
–161 dBm
±0.07 dB
9.9 MHz
(6)________
–167 dBm
±0.07 dB
10.1 MHz
(7)________
–167 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.0 GHz
(8)________
–166 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.2 GHz
(9)________
–166 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.4 GHz
(10)________
–163 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.6 GHz
(11)________
–163 dBm
±0.07 dB
3.0 GHz
(12)________
–163 dBm
±0.07 dB
10 kHz
(13)________
–136 dBm
±0.07 dB
99 kHz
(14)________
–136 dBm
±0.07 dB
101 kHz
(15)________
–144 dBm
±0.07 dB
990 kHz
(16)________
–144 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.01 MHz
(17)________
–149 dBm
±0.07 dB
500 MHz
(18)________
–153 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.1 GHz
(19)________
–153 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.3 GHz
(20)________
–152 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.0 GHz
(21)________
–152 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.4 GHz
(22)________
–151 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.6 GHz
(23)________
–151 dBm
±0.07 dB
Preamp Off
Chapter 4
4 -17
-
Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification
Table 4-12
Agilent E4446A Performance Verification Test Record
Agilent Technologies
Model E4446A
Report No. ___________
Serial No. ___________
Date ___________
Test Description
Minimum
Results
Measured
Maximum
Measurement
Uncertainty
3.0 GHz
(24)________
–151 dBm
±0.07 dB
3.1 GHz
(25)________
–150 dBm
±0.07 dB
4.0 GHz
(26)________
–150 dBm
±0.07 dB
5.0 GHz
(27)________
–150 dBm
±0.07 dB
6.5 GHz
(28)________
–150 dBm
±0.07 dB
6.7 GHz
(29)________
–145 dBm
±0.07 dB
8.0 GHz
(30)________
–145 dBm
±0.07 dB
9.0 GHz
(31)________
–145 dBm
±0.07 dB
10.0 GHz
(32)________
–145 dBm
±0.07 dB
11.0 GHz
(33)________
–145 dBm
±0.07 dB
12.0 GHz
(34)________
–145 dBm
±0.07 dB
13.1 GHz
(35)________
–145 dBm
±0.07 dB
13.3 GHz
(36)________
–144 dBm
±0.07 dB
14.0 GHz
(37)________
–144 dBm
±0.07 dB
15.0 GHz
(38)________
–144 dBm
±0.07 dB
16.0 GHz
(39)________
–144 dBm
±0.07 dB
17.0 GHz
(40)________
–143 dBm
±0.07 dB
18.0 GHz
(41)________
–143 dBm
±0.07 dB
19.9 GHz
(42)________
–143 dBm
±0.07 dB
20.1 GHz
(43)________
–141 dBm
±0.07 dB
21.0 GHz
(44)________
–141 dBm
±0.07 dB
22.4 GHz
(45)________
–141 dBm
±0.07 dB
22.6 GHz
(46)________
–138 dBm
±0.07 dB
24.0 GHz
(47)________
–138 dBm
±0.07 dB
25.0 GHz
(48)________
–138 dBm
±0.07 dB
26.4 GHz
(49)________
–138 dBm
±0.07 dB
27.0 GHz
(50)________
–140 dBm
±0.07 dB
4 -18
Chapter 4
Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification
Table 4-12
Agilent E4446A Performance Verification Test Record
Agilent Technologies
Model E4446A
Report No. ___________
Serial No. ___________
Date ___________
Test Description
Minimum
Results
Measured
Maximum
Measurement
Uncertainty
28.0 GHz
(51)________
–140 dBm
±0.07 dB
29.0 GHz
(52)________
–140 dBm
±0.07 dB
30.0 GHz
(53)________
–140 dBm
±0.07 dB
31.0 GHz
(54)________
–140 dBm
±0.07 dB
32.0 GHz
(55)________
–132 dBm
±0.07 dB
33.0 GHz
(56)________
–132 dBm
±0.07 dB
34.0 GHz
(57)________
–132 dBm
±0.07 dB
35.5 GHz
(58)________
–132 dBm
±0.07 dB
36.5 GHz
(59)________
–127 dBm
±0.07 dB
37.5 GHz
(60)________
–127 dBm
±0.07 dB
38.5 GHz
(61)________
–129 dBm
±0.07 dB
39.0 GHz
(62)________
–129 dBm
±0.07 dB
40.0 GHz
(63)________
–129 dBm
±0.07 dB
41.0 GHz
(64)________
–129 dBm
±0.07 dB
42.0 GHz
(65)________
–129 dBm
±0.07 dB
43.0 GHz
(66)________
–129 dBm
±0.07 dB
43.9 GHz
(67)________
–129 dBm
±0.07 dB
Chapter 4
4 -19
-
Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification
Table 4-13
Agilent E4448A Performance Verification Test Record
Agilent Technologies
Model E4448A
Report No. ___________
Serial No. ___________
Date ___________
Test Description
Displayed Average
Noise Level
Minimum
Results
Measured
Maximum
Measurement
Uncertainty
Note: Enter results with preamp on in the appropriate section based upon
the ambient temperature when the test was performed.
Preamp On
100 kHz
(1)________
–158 dBm
±0.07 dB
199 kHz
(2)________
–158 dBm
±0.07 dB
201 kHz
(3)________
–158 dBm
±0.07 dB
499 kHz
(4)________
–159 dBm
±0.07 dB
501 kHz
(5)________
–161 dBm
±0.07 dB
9.9 MHz
(6)________
–167 dBm
±0.07 dB
10.1 MHz
(7)________
–167 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.0 GHz
(8)________
–166 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.2 GHz
(9)________
–166 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.4 GHz
(10)________
–163 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.6 GHz
(11)________
–163 dBm
±0.07 dB
3.0 GHz
(12)________
–163 dBm
±0.07 dB
10 kHz
(13)________
–136 dBm
±0.07 dB
99 kHz
(14)________
–136 dBm
±0.07 dB
101 kHz
(15)________
–144 dBm
±0.07 dB
990 kHz
(16)________
–144 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.01 MHz
(17)________
–149 dBm
±0.07 dB
500 MHz
(18)________
–153 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.1 GHz
(19)________
–153 dBm
±0.07 dB
1.3 GHz
(20)________
–152 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.0 GHz
(21)________
–152 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.4 GHz
(22)________
–151 dBm
±0.07 dB
2.6 GHz
(23)________
–151 dBm
±0.07 dB
Preamp Off
4 -20
Chapter 4
Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification
Table 4-13
Agilent E4448A Performance Verification Test Record
Agilent Technologies
Model E4448A
Report No. ___________
Serial No. ___________
Date ___________
Test Description
Minimum
Results
Measured
Maximum
Measurement
Uncertainty
3.0 GHz
(24)________
–151 dBm
±0.07 dB
3.1 GHz
(25)________
–150 dBm
±0.07 dB
4.0 GHz
(26)________
–150 dBm
±0.07 dB
5.0 GHz
(27)________
–150 dBm
±0.07 dB
6.5 GHz
(28)________
–150 dBm
±0.07 dB
6.7 GHz
(29)________
–145 dBm
±0.07 dB
8.0 GHz
(30)________
–145 dBm
±0.07 dB
9.0 GHz
(31)________
–145 dBm
±0.07 dB
10.0 GHz
(32)________
–145 dBm
±0.07 dB
11.0 GHz
(33)________
–145 dBm
±0.07 dB
12.0 GHz
(34)________
–145 dBm
±0.07 dB
13.1 GHz
(35)________
–145 dBm
±0.07 dB
13.3 GHz
(36)________
–144 dBm
±0.07 dB
14.0 GHz
(37)________
–144 dBm
±0.07 dB
15.0 GHz
(38)________
–144 dBm
±0.07 dB
16.0 GHz
(39)________
–144 dBm
±0.07 dB
17.0 GHz
(40)________
–143 dBm
±0.07 dB
18.0 GHz
(41)________
–143 dBm
±0.07 dB
19.9 GHz
(42)________
–143 dBm
±0.07 dB
20.1 GHz
(43)________
–141 dBm
±0.07 dB
21.0 GHz
(44)________
–141 dBm
±0.07 dB
22.4 GHz
(45)________
–141 dBm
±0.07 dB
22.6 GHz
(46)________
–138 dBm
±0.07 dB
24.0 GHz
(47)________
–138 dBm
±0.07 dB
25.0 GHz
(48)________
–138 dBm
±0.07 dB
26.4 GHz
(49)________
–138 dBm
±0.07 dB
27.0 GHz
(50)________
–140 dBm
±0.07 dB
Chapter 4
4 -21
-
Appendix
DANL Manual Performance Verification
Table 4-13
Agilent E4448A Performance Verification Test Record
Agilent Technologies
Model E4448A
Report No. ___________
Serial No. ___________
Date ___________
Test Description
Minimum
Results
Measured
Maximum
Measurement
Uncertainty
28.0 GHz
(51)________
–140 dBm
±0.07 dB
29.0 GHz
(52)________
–140 dBm
±0.07 dB
30.0 GHz
(53)________
–140 dBm
±0.07 dB
31.0 GHz
(54)________
–140 dBm
±0.07 dB
32.0 GHz
(55)________
–132 dBm
±0.07 dB
33.0 GHz
(56)________
–132 dBm
±0.07 dB
34.0 GHz
(57)________
–132 dBm
±0.07 dB
35.5 GHz
(58)________
–132 dBm
±0.07 dB
36.5 GHz
(59)________
–127 dBm
±0.07 dB
37.5 GHz
(60)________
–127 dBm
±0.07 dB
38.5 GHz
(61)________
–129 dBm
±0.07 dB
39.0 GHz
(62)________
–129 dBm
±0.07 dB
40.0 GHz
(63)________
–129 dBm
±0.07 dB
41.0 GHz
(64)________
–129 dBm
±0.07 dB
42.0 GHz
(65)________
–129 dBm
±0.07 dB
43.0 GHz
(66)________
–129 dBm
±0.07 dB
43.9 GHz
(67)________
–129 dBm
±0.07 dB
44.1 GHz
(68)________
–126 dBm
±0.07 dB
45.0 GHz
(69)________
–125 dBm
±0.07 dB
46.0 GHz
(70)________
–125 dBm
±0.07 dB
47.0 GHz
(71)________
–125 dBm
±0.07 dB
48.0 GHz
(72)________
–125 dBm
±0.07 dB
49.0 GHz
(73)________
–125 dBm
±0.07 dB
50.0 GHz
(74)________
–124 dBm
±0.07 dB
4 -22
Chapter 4
A
I
amplitude y scale 3-3
analog example 2-5
analog test setup 2-4
Int Preamp On Off key 3-3
int preamp on off key 3-3
B
max safe input level 1-4
block diagram 1-13
N
C
noise figure personality 1-8
characteristics 1-4
O
D
option 219 1-8
DANL 1-4, 1-7
manual verification 4-2
description 1-2
digital example 2-7
digital test setup 2-6
displayed average noise level 1-7
parts, replaceable 1-14
performance verification 1-12
preamp
flatness compensation table
E
equipment for test setup 2-3
example
analog measurement 2-5
digital measurement 2-7
F
flatness compensation table
front panel access 3-5
GPIB control 3-5
recreating 3-7
reloading via front panel 3-6
verifying 3-6
frequency range, preamp 1-2
front panel access
preamp 3-3
functional testing
test descriptions 2-3
test list 2-3
G
gain, preamp 1-4
GPIB
flatness compensation table on/off 3-5
preamp on/off 3-4
M
P
front panel 3-5
gpib control 3-6
recreating 3-7
reloading 3-6
verifying 3-6
front panel access 3-3
gpib control on/off 3-4
preamp frequency range 1-2
preamp gain 1-4
preamplifier on/off via gpib 3-4
R
recreating flatness compensation table 3-7
reloading flatness compensation table 3-6
replaceable parts 1-14
S
SCPI
command subsystems, locating 3-4
T
test equpiment list
functional testing 2-3
V
verifying flatness compensation table 3-6
verifying performance 1-12