TOWERRAID TR4M-B | TR4M
DETAILED USER’S MANUAL v1.0
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1 - OVERVIEW ...............................................................................................................................4 1.1 PRECAUTION ..............................................................................................................................................4 1.2 FEATURES.....................................................................................................................................................4 1.2.1 DATA SECURITY ..................................................................................................................................................4 1.2.2 DATA VERSATILITY ...............................................................................................................................................4 1.3 EASE OF USE ................................................................................................................................................4 1.4 SPECIFICATIONS .......................................................................................................................................4 1.5 SUPPORTED OPERATING SYSTEMS ...................................................................................................5 1.6 PRODUCT CONTENTS ............................................................................................................................5 CHAPTER 2 - AN INTRODUCTION TO RAID .........................................................................................6 2.1 RAID VOLUMES ...........................................................................................................................................6 2.2 SEGMENTING DISKS .................................................................................................................................6 2.3 RAID LEVELS IN DETAILS........................................................................................................................7 2.3.1 DISK STRIPING (RAID 0) ......................................................................................................................................7 2.3.2 DISK MIRRORING (RAID 1) ..................................................................................................................................7 2.3.3 DISK MIRRORING AND STRIPING (RAID 10) ............................................................................................................7 2.3.4 PARITY RAID (RAID 5) ........................................................................................................................................8 2.3.5 CONCATENATION (SPANNING) ..............................................................................................................................8 2.3.6 CONTIGUOUS (JBOD/SINGLE DRIVE/SEGMENT) .......................................................................................................8 2.4 RAID VOLUME STATUS ...........................................................................................................................9 CHAPTER 3 - INSTALLATION ....................................................................................................................10 3.1 OVERVIEW .................................................................................................................................................10 3.2 HARD DRIVE INSTALLATION..............................................................................................................10 3.2.1 UNINSTALLING HARD DISK DRIVE........................................................................................................................11 3.3 POWER ON / OFF .....................................................................................................................................11 3.4 INSTALLING ESATA HOST BUS ADAPTER HARDWARE ..........................................................12 3.5 INSTALLING IN MICROSOFT WINDOWS 2000 .............................................................................13 3.5.1 INSTALLING ESATA HOST BUS ADAPTER ...............................................................................................................13 3.5.2 INSTALLING SATARAID5 UTILITY ........................................................................................................................18 3.5.3 DISK DRIVE MODE SETUP ..................................................................................................................................23 3.5.4 ALLOCATING PARTITION ......................................................................................................................................23 3.6 INSTALLING ON WINDOWS XP (32/64-BIT) ..................................................................................29 3.6.1 INSTALLING ESATA HOST BUS ADAPTER ...............................................................................................................29 3.6.2 INSTALLING SATARAID5 UTILITY..................................................................................................................31 3.6.3 DISK DRIVE MODE SETUP ..................................................................................................................................35 3.6.4 ALLOCATING PARTITIONS ON WINDOWS XP 32-BIT/64-BIT ...................................................................................35 2
3.7 INSTALLING ON WINDOWS SERVER 2003 (32/64-BIT) ..............................................................41 3.7.1 INSTALLING ESATA HOST BUS ADAPTER ...............................................................................................................41 3.7.2 INSTALLING SATARAID5 UTILITY ........................................................................................................................43 3.7.3 DISK DRIVE MODE SETUP ..................................................................................................................................47 3.7.4 ALLOCATING PARTITIONS ....................................................................................................................................47 3.8 INSTALLING ON WINDOWS VISTA (32/64-BIT) ...........................................................................54 3.8.1 INSTALLING ESATA HOST BUS ADAPTER ...............................................................................................................54 3.8.2 INSTALLING SATARAID5 UTILITY ........................................................................................................................56 3.8.3 DISK DRIVE MODE SETUP ..................................................................................................................................60 3.8.4 ALLOCATING PARTITIONS ....................................................................................................................................60 CHAPTER 4 - SATARAID5 ARRAY MANAGER ......................................................................................65 4.1 OVERVIEW .................................................................................................................................................65 4.2 CREATING RAID GROUPS ....................................................................................................................66 4.2.1 CONTIGUOUS RAID GROUPS...............................................................................................................................66 4.2.2 CONCATENATED RAID GROUPS...........................................................................................................................66 4.2.3 STRIPED RAID GROUPS ......................................................................................................................................67 4.2.4 MIRRORED RAID GROUPS ..................................................................................................................................67 4.2.5 MIRRORED STRIPED RAID GROUPS ......................................................................................................................68 4.2.6 PARITY RAID GROUPS ........................................................................................................................................68 4.2.7 RAID GROUPS OPTIONS .....................................................................................................................................69 4.3 ADDITIONAL MENU FUNCTIONS .....................................................................................................71 4.3.1 CONFIGURATION ...............................................................................................................................................72 4.3.2 EXIT................................................................................................................................................................75 4.3.3 DELETE SPARE ..................................................................................................................................................76 4.3.4 DELETE MEMBER ..............................................................................................................................................76 4.3.5 DELETE ORPHAN...............................................................................................................................................77 4.3.6 MAKE PASS-THRU .............................................................................................................................................77 4.3.7 DEVIDE SUMMARY.............................................................................................................................................77 4.3.8 CREATE RAID GROUP ........................................................................................................................................78 4.3.9 REBUILD RAID GROUP .......................................................................................................................................79 4.3.10 DELETE RAID GROUP ......................................................................................................................................80 4.3.11 BRING RAID GROUP ONLINE ............................................................................................................................80 4.3.12 RAID GROUP SUMMARY ..................................................................................................................................80 4.3.13 TASK MANAGER ..............................................................................................................................................81 4.3.14 EVENT LOG ....................................................................................................................................................83 4.3.15 RESOURCES ....................................................................................................................................................84 4.3.16 CREATE LEGACY RAID GROUP ...........................................................................................................................85 4.3.17 HELP TOPICS ..................................................................................................................................................85 4.3.18 ABOUT ..........................................................................................................................................................85 3
Chapter 1 - Overview
SANS DIGITAL TR4M enhances your data storage by combining advanced RAID1 features typically seen on high-end data
systems with high capacity Serial ATA (SATA) drives. By using industry standard SATA drives and Silicon Image Host Bus
Adapters, you can achieve extraordinarily performance while remaining assured that your data is protected against
hardware failure.
1.1
PRECAUTION
Please read the safe precautions carefully before you using SANS DIGITAL TR4M storage appliance. Ensure that you use
the product correctly according to the procedure described in this guide.
The following safety precautions are intended to remind you to operate the product safely and correctly. Please read and
ensure that you understand them before you proceed to the other sections of this guide.
• Do not attempt to disassemble or alter any part of the product that is not describe in this guide.
• Do not allow the product to come into contact with water or other liquids. In the event that water or other liquids
enter the interior, immediately unplug the product from the computer. Continued use of the product may result in
fire or electrical shock.
• Do not handle the product near a heat source or expose them to direct flame or heat.
• Never place the product in close to equipment generating storage electromagnetic fields. Exposure to strong
magnetic fields may cause malfunctions or corrupt data.
• TR4M does not support Windows 3.x/ 95 / 98SE/ ME/ NT.
• Before the unit operating, Hard disk drive needs to be installed.
1.2
FEATURES
1.2.1 Data Security
The SANS DIGITALTR4M software utility includes monitoring software for possible defective hard drive:
• RAID 1, 10 and 5 is supported with the use of the software. RAID levels 1, 10, and 5 will prevent data loss, even
when one of the hard drives in the RAID is defective.
• Supports hot-spare so that risk can be minimized by automatically regenerating the failed disk’s data on a backup disk.
• Support for Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology (S.M.A.R.T.2) to check disk physical status.
• Drives can be moved between controllers without losing data.
1.2.2 Data Versatility
The SANS DIGITAL TR4M software utility support Contiguous (Just a Bunch of Disk, JBOD mode) and Concatenated
(Spanning mode) drives for applications which do not require security or performance.
1.3
EASE OF USE
The SANS DIGITAL TR4M utility offers an easy to use interface for creating and managing your storage:
• Support SATA-II Port Multiplier support
• Support 3Gbit/sec transfer rate
• Creating and deleting volumes is possible without restart of the operating system
• Auto-Rebuilds supported so that it does not require the data to be taken off-line.
1.4
SPECIFICATIONS
• A single eSATA host port to 4 SATA 3.5-inch hard disks, with tool-less screws & door cover.
1
Redundant Array of Independent Devices, a method of combining drives to provide better protection and/or
performance.
2
Self Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Testing.
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•
•
•
•
•
Power and host status LED, and devices status and activity LED.
Metal chassis (SECC) and plastic panel frame (ABS) design.
5.3 (W) x 7.1 (H) x 10.0 (D) Inches, NW: 6.0 lbs, GW: 6.8lbs.
Design based on the Silicon Image SiI3726 Port-Multiplier with SiI3132R5 PCI-Express 1X HBA.
Support Striped (RAID 0), Mirrored (RAID 1), Mirrored Striped (RAID 10), Parity RAID (RAID 5) modes, and hot
spare on Mirrored (RAID 1) and Parity RAID (RAID 5) modes.
• Support Contiguous (Single Drive, JBOD) & Concatenation (Combined Drives, Spanning) modes.
• 150 watts, 100 & 240 Vac / 50~60Hz with FCC, CE requirement.
1.5
SUPPORTED OPERATING SYSTEMS
The following operating systems are supported by the SANS DIGITAL TR4M software driver and utility.
• Windows 2000
• Windows XP, 32/64-bit
• Windows Server 2003, 32/64-bit
• Windows Vista, 32/64-bit
The following operating systems are supported by the SANS DIGITAL TR4M with driver. Hard Drive can be use as
individually using JBOD mode:
• MAC OS X
• Linux 64-bit and 32-bit ((Fedora Core 2, Fedora Core 3, Fedora Core 4, Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.0 (RHEL 4.0),
RHEL 4.0 update 1, RHEL 4.0 update 2, RHEL 4.0 update 3, SuSE Enterprise 9.0, SuSE Enterprise 9.0 SP2, SuSE
Enterprise 9.0 SP3, SuSE Pro 9.3)
1.6
PRODUCT CONTENTS
The following parts are content.
• TR4M Unit
• PCI-Express 1X eSATA HBA
• eSATA Cable
• AC Cable
• Tool-less Screw x 8
• User Manual and Utilities CD
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Chapter 2 - AN INTRODUCTION TO RAID
2.1
RAID VOLUMES
RAID technology allows one or more disks to be combined into a logical volume which provides greater performance
and/or protection than standard single disk drives. These volumes, also known as RAID Groups, appear like regular disk
drives to the operating system and can be partitioned, formatted and used just like any other normal disk. The creation and
necessaries calculation of the RAID is hidden from the operating system.
There are several different methods of combining disks. Each method is referred to as a RAID “level” such as RAID Level 1,
or RAID 1. The details of each level are summarized below and detailed in the following sections.
RAID LEVEL
0
CONFIGURED
AS
Striped
ADVANTAGES
DISADVANTAGES
Excellent performance
All of the Hard Drive disk space
is available to use
Excellent data protection
High performance
Excellent data protection
No data protection
1
10
Mirrored
Mirrored Striped
5
Parity RAID
Good data protection, Good
Proformance
Combination
Concatenated
Single Drive / Segment
Contiguous
Good performance
All of the Hard Drive disk space
is available to use
Same as single disk
Space available is divided by half
Space available is divided by
half.
Required 4 disk or more
Some performance degradation
for writes.
Space avalible is total number of
hard drive space minus one
hard drive space
Required 3 disk or more
No data protection
Same as single disk
2.2
SEGMENTING DISKS
For increased versatility, the TR4M utitly, SATARAID5 software, allows individual disks to be divided into smaller segments
which can then be combined into different volumes. As an example, if a user has one set of data that must be protected at
all costs, another set of data which should be protected at reasonable cost and another set that doesn’t need any
protection at all; the user can divide three disks into sections as shown in Figure 1. The yellow regions define the high
security volume, the green section is the middle security volume and the light blue shows the unprotected area.
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Figure 1: Dividing Disks into Members
2.3
RAID LEVELS IN DETAILS
2.3.1 Disk Striping (RAID 0)
Striping is a performance-oriented, non-redundant data mapping technique. While Striping is discussed as a RAID Group
type, it is does not provide any fault tolerance. With modern SATA and ATA bus mastering technology, multiple I/O
operations can be performed in parallel, enhancing data throughput. Striping arrays use multiple disks to form a larger
virtual disk. The figure below illustrates a three-disk stripe set. Stripe one is written to disk one, stripe two to disk two,
and so forth. RAID 0 sets can be comprised of two, three, or four drives. If the sizes of the disk segments are different, the
smallest disk segment will limit the overall size of the RAID Group.
Stripe0
Stripe1
Stripe2
Stripe3
Stripe4
Stripe5
Stripe6
Stripe7
Stripe8
Stripe9
Stripe10
Stripe11
2.3.2 Disk Mirroring (RAID 1)
Disk mirroring creates an identical twin for a selected disk by having the data simultaneously written to two disks. This
redundancy provides instantaneous protection from a single disk failure. If a read failure occurs on one drive, the system
reads the data from the other drive. RAID 1 sets are comprised of two drives, and a third drive can be allocated as a spare
in case one of the drives in the set fails. If the sizes of the disk segments are different, the smallest disk segment will limit
the overall size of the RAID Group.
Block 0
Block 1
Block 0
Block 2
Block 1
Block 3
Block 2
Block 3
2.3.3 Disk Mirroring and Striping (RAID 10)
RAID 10 combines the features of both RAID 0 and RAID 1. Performance is provided through the use of Striping (RAID 0),
while adding the fault tolerance of Mirroring (RAID 1). The implementation of RAID 10 requires four drives. The drives are
assigned as two sets of striped pairs.
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The data is written to RAID Group A, which is mirrored (RAID 1) and provides data redundancy. Alternating blocks of
data are then striped across another RAID 1 mirrored set, shown as Set B in the figure above. This provides improved
speed.
Under certain circumstances, a RAID 10 set can sustain multiple simultaneous drive failures. For example, Group A and
Group B can allow one Hard Drive in their respective group to be fail simultaneously.
2.3.4 Parity RAID (RAID 5)
Parity or RAID 5 adds fault tolerance to Disk Striping by including parity information with the data. Parity RAID dedicates
the equivalent of one disk for storing parity stripes. The data and parity information is arranged on the disk array so that
parity is written to different disks. There are at least 3 members to a Parity RAID set. The following example illustrates
how the parity is rotated from disk to disk:
Parity RAID uses less capacity for protection compare to RAID 1 and RAID 10 and is the preferred method to reduce the
cost per Gigabyte for larger installations. Mirroring requires half of the capacity to protect the data whereas the above
example using three hard drives only requires a one-third of the capacity. The additional required capacity decreases as the
number of disks in the group increases (i.e., one-forth for four drives or one-fifth for five drives).
In exchange for protection, Parity RAID degrades performance for write operations. The write performance is slower
compare to RAID 0 is due to each write performed need to calculate the parity. However read performance will be
increase using Stripping Method.
2.3.5 Concatenation (Spanning)
The Concatenated mode combines multiple disks or segments of disks into a single large volume. It does not provide any
data protection or performance improvement but can be useful for utilizing leftover space on disks. Concatenation allows
the segments that make up the volume to be of different sizes.
2.3.6 Contiguous (JBOD/Single Drive/Segment)
The single drive is a virtual disk that can either be an entire disk drive or a segment of a single disk drive. Single drive is the
“Contiguous” configuration option when creating RAID Groups (or sets) in the SATARAID5 software.
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2.4
RAID VOLUME STATUS
A RAID volume can be in any one of the following statuses.
STATUS
MEANING
Good
All disks are currently functioning as normal.
Reduced
Rebuilding
Resynchronizing
Failed
For RAID levels that provide data protection, one or more disks have failed but the data
is still available via the RAID protection. The failed disk should be replaced as soon as
possible to avoid loss of data.
A failed disk drive has been replaced and the data is being regenerated on the
replacement disk. When complete, the RAID Group will return to Good status.
An error has occurred and the RAID level is being regenerated. When complete, the
RAID Group will return to Good status.
One or more disks have failed and RAID cannot regenerate the data. The minimum
number of failures required to reach this state depends on the RAID level:
z
RAID 0, Concatenated, Contiguous: Single disk failure.
z
RAID 1, 10, and 5: Two disk failure.
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Chapter 3 - INSTALLATION
3.1
OVERVIEW
There are three separate steps that to install SANS DIGITAL TR4M completely in Microsoft Windows Environments. You
will need to install the Hard Drive to the TR4M, eSATA Host Bus Adapter (HBA) hardware and Driver, and SATARAID5
Utility.
3.2
HARD DRIVE INSTALLATION
Please refer below procedure to complete the HDD installation:
1. Remove the Tool-less screws on the back panel.
2. Remove the upper chassis cover backwards and lifts it upwards.
3. Open the front door and install the HDDs in order from the top to the bottom. Please refer to the diagram.
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4. Fasten the tool-less screws to secure the hard drive.
5. Close the front door and the chassis cover, fasten the tool-less screws on the back panel.
3.2.1 Uninstalling Hard Disk Drive
• Release the tool-less screw
• Remove the Hard Drive from the SATA connector by use the tool-less screw
3.3
POWER ON / OFF
• Power ON: Push the power switch located in the front to switch on the power.
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• Power OFF: Push and hold power switch more than 3 secends to switch off the power.
3.4
INSTALLING eSATA HOST BUS ADAPTER HARDWARE
Follow the instruction below for eSATA HBA installation:
1. Turn off your host computer.
2. Install the eSATA HBA into a PCI-Express slot (1X ~ 16X)
3. Connect one end of the eSATA cable to the eSATA connector on the eSATA HBA.
4. Connect the other end to the eSATA connecter on SANS DIGITAL TR4M.
5. If hard disk drives are not installed in SANS DIGITAL TR4M, insert the drives into bay 1 to 4 in order, counting from
the bottom to top. Gently push the drive until the drive is fully inserted, and twist the tool-less screw seat the drive
securely.
6. Switch the VAC to the correct position (For example, 115 for Japan, and 230 for UK), and attach one end of the AC
power cord to SANS DIGITAL TR4M and the other end to the proper AC outlet.
7. Turn on SANS DIGITAL TR4M, and then turn on the host computer.
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3.5
INSTALLING IN MICROSOFT WINDOWS 2000
3.5.1 Installing eSATA Host Bus Adapter
Follow the instruction below for eSATA HBA Driver installation:
1. Insert the Manual and Utilties CD in the CD-ROM drive.
2. When start the Windows, a new hardware will be found, click Next>.
3. Select Search for a suitable driver for my device (recommended), than click Next>.
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4. Select Specify a location, than click Next>.
5. Click Browse… to select to driver path, than click OK.
6. Click Next> to install the Silicon Image Sil3132 SoftRaid 5 Controller driver.
14
7. Click Yes to pass the Microsoft digital signature and continue the installation.
8. When the Silicon Image Sil3132 SoftRaid 5 Controller installation has completed, click Finish, and begin to
the Silicon Image’s Pseudo Processor Device driver installation.
9. Windows will find the Silicon Image’s Pseudo Processor Device hardware, click Next>.
15
10. Select Search for a suitable driver for my device (recommended), than click Next>.
11. Select Specify a location, than click Next>.
12. Click Browse… to select to driver path, than click OK.
16
13. Click Next> to install the Silicon Image’s Pseudo Processor Device driver.
14. When the Silicon Image’s Pseudo Processor Device installation has completed, click Finish.
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3.5.2 Installing SATARAID5 Utility
Follow the instructions below for the SATARAID5 utility:
1. Open the Manual and Utilities CD and select the SATARAID5 Array Manager software from the Utility folder.
2. Double-click the 3132-W-I32-R.exe file.
3. Click Next> to begin setup.
18
4. Select I Agree, than click Next>.
5. Select Place shortcut on Desktop, than click Next> to create a shortcut on the desktop.
6. Click Next> to use the default installation folder.
19
20
7. Click Next> to begin the installation.
8. When SATARAID5 installation has completed, click Close to exit.
9. Select I agree the terms in the license agreement, click Next> to begin the Java platform installation. (Jave
Runtime is installed previously, you may skip to number 12.)
21
10.
Select Typical, than click Next>.
11.
When Java platform installation has completed, click Finish to exit.
12.
Select Start > Programs > Silicon Image > SATARaid5Manager to start the Array Manager software.
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3.5.3 Disk Drive Mode Setup
Disk Drive Mode setup will create the usable RAID partition to the computer. It is necessary to create the RAID before
the allocating partition. Please refer to the chapter 4 for more detail.
3.5.4 Allocating Partition
1. Before creating any partitions, RAID groups must first be created using the SATARaid5 Manager utility (see Chapter
4).
2. Right-click on My Computer icon and select Manage from the pop-up menu.
3. Select Disk Management under Storage to view the disk drives.
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4. When Write Signature and Upgrade Disk Wizard appears, click Next>.
5. Select the new disk to write a signature, than click Next>.
6. Do not click any disk to upgrade to dynamic disk, than click Next>.
24
7. When the Write Signature and Upgrade Disk Wizard has completed, click Finish.
8.
9. Right-click on the Unallocated partition and select Create Partition… from the pop-up menu.
10. Click Next> to create a partition on a basic disk.
25
11. Select the partition type you want to create, click Next>.
12. Specify the partition size you want to create, click Next>.
13. Assign the drive letter or path you want to create, click Next>.
26
14. Click Format this partition with the following settings and Perform a Quick Format, setup the File
system to use, Allocation unit size, Volume label, click Next>.
15. When the Create Partition Wizard has completed, click Finish.
27
The status of the created partition in the Disk Management window will change to “Formatting”. The percentage
complete will be displayed. Depending upon the size of the partition, the format process may take several minutes. When
completed, the status will change to “Healthy” and the name and drive letter will be updated. Once the disk reports
Healthy, it appears to the computer and ready to use.
Repeat the above procedure if there are any other partitions. Close the Data Management window by clicking on the
small boxed “X” in the top right corner of the window. Click on the “My Computer” icon on the Desktop. The new
drives will be display and properly named. The new disks are now available for use.
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3.6
INSTALLING ON WINDOWS XP (32/64-BIT)
3.6.1 Installing eSATA Host Bus Adapter
Follow the instruction below for eSATA HBA Driver installation:
1. Insert the Manual and Utilties CD in the CD-ROM drive.
2. When start the Windows, new hardware will be found; Select No, not this time, than click Next>.
3. Select Install from a list or specific location (Advanced), than click Next>.
29
4. Select Search for the best driver in there location, Include this location in the search, and click Browse
to select the driver path, than click Next>.
5. When the installation has completed, click Finish.
30
3.6.2 Installing SATARAID5 Utility
Follow the instructions below for the SATARAID5 utility:
1. Open the Open the Manual and Utilities CD and select the SATARAID5 Array Manager software from the Utility
folder.
2. Click Next> to begin setup.
31
3. Select I Agree, click Next>.
4. Select Place shortcut on Desktop, click Next> to create a shortcut on the desktop.
5. Click Next> to use the default installation folder.
32
6. Click Next> to begin the installation.
7. When SATARAID5 installation has completed, click Close to exit.
8. Select I accept the terms in the license agreement, click Next> to begin the Java platform installation.
33
9. Select Typical, click Next>.
10. When Java platform installation has completed, click Finish to exit.
11. Select Start > All Programs > Silicon Image > SATARaid5Manager to start the Array Manager software.
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3.6.3 Disk Drive Mode Setup
Disk Drive Mode setup will create the usable RAID partition to the computer. It is necessary to create the RAID before
the allocating partition. Please refer to the chapter 4 for more detail.
3.6.4 Allocating Partitions on Windows XP 32-BIT/64-BIT
Before creating any partitions, RAID groups must first be created using the SATARaid5Manager utility. Once the sets have
been created, allow the system to load Windows.
1. Right-click on My Computer icon and select Manage from the pop-up menu.
2. Select Disk Management under Storage to view the disk drives.
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3. When Initialize and Convert Disk Wizard appears, click Next>.
4. Select the new disk to initialize, click Next>.
5. Do not click any disk to convert, click Next>.
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6. When the Initialize and Convert Disk Wizard has completed, click Finish.
7. Right-click on the Unallocated partition and select New Partition… from the pop-up menu.
8. Click Next> to create a partition on a basic disk.
37
9. Select the partition type you want to create, click Next>.
10. Specify the partition size you want to create, click Next>.
11. Assign the drive letter or path you want to create, than click Next>.
38
12. Click Format this partition with the following settings and Perform a quick format, setup the File
system, Allocation unit size, Volume label, than click Next>.
13. When the New Partition Wizard has completed, click Finish.
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The status of the created partition in the Disk Management window will change to “Formatting”. The percentage
complete will be displayed. Depending upon the size of the partition, the format process may take several minutes. When
completed, the status will change to “Healthy” and the name and drive letter will be updated. Once the disk reports
Healthy, it appears to the computer and ready to use.
Repeat the above procedure if there are any other partitions. Close the Data Management window by clicking on the
small boxed “X” in the top right corner of the window. Click on the “My Computer” icon on the Desktop. The new
drives will be display and properly named. The new disks are now available for use.
40
3.7
INSTALLING ON WINDOWS SERVER 2003 (32/64-BIT)
3.7.1 Installing eSATA Host Bus Adapter
Follow the instruction below for eSATA HBA Driver installation:
1. Insert the Manual and Utilities CD in the CD-ROM drive.
2. When Windows started, new hardware will be found; Select No, not this time, click Next>.
3. Select Install from a list or specific location (Advanced), click Next>.
4. Select Search for the best driver in there location, Include this location in the search, and click Browse
to select the driver path, click Next>.
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5. When the installation has completed, click Finish.
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3.7.2 Installing SATARAID5 Utility
Follow the instructions below for the SATARAID5 utility:
1. Open the Manual and Utilities CD and select the SATARAID5 Array Manager software from the Utility folder.
2. Double-click the utility file.
3. Click Next> to begin setup.
43
4. Select I Agree, click Next>.
5. Select Place shortcut on Desktop, click Next> to create a shortcut on the desktop.
6. Click Next> to use the default installation folder.
44
7. Click Next> to begin the installation.
8. When SATARAID5 installation has completed, click Close to exit.
9. Select I accept the terms in the license agreement, click Next> to begin the Java platform installation.
45
10. Select Typical, click Next>.
11. When Java Runtime installation has completed, click Finish to exit.
12. Select Start > All Programs > Silicon Image > SATARaid5Manager to start the Array Manager software.
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3.7.3 Disk Drive Mode Setup
Disk Drive Mode setup will create the usable RAID partition to the computer. It is necessary to create the RAID before
the allocating partition. Please refer to the chapter 4 for more detail.
3.7.4 Allocating Partitions
Before creating any partitions, RAID groups must first be created using the SATARaid5 Manager utility (see Chapter 4).
1. Right-click on My Computer icon and select Manage from the pop-up menu.
2. Select Disk Management under Storage to view the disk drives.
47
3. When Initialize and Convert Disk Wizard appears, click Next>.
4. Select the new disk to initialize, click Next>.
5. Do not click any disk to convert, click Next>.
48
6. When the Initialize and Convert Disk Wizard has completed, click Finish.
7. Windows Server 2003 SP1 or later system supports GPT Disk which supports disk volume greater than 2TB.
8. Right-click on the “Basic Disk” and select “Convert to GPT Disk” from the pop-up menu.
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9. Right-click on the “Unallocated” partition and select “New Partition…” from the pop-up menu.
10. Click Next> to create a partition on a basic disk.
50
11. Select the partition to create, click Next>.
12. Specify the partition size you want to create, click Next>.
13. Assign the drive letter or path you want to create, click Next>.
51
14. Click Format this partition with the following settings and Perform a quick format, setup the File
system, Allocation unit size, Volume label, click Next>.
15. When the New Partition Wizard has completed, click Finish.
The status of the created partition in the Disk Management window will change to “Formatting”. The percentage
complete will be displayed. Depending upon the size of the partition, the format process may take several minutes. When
completed, the status will change to “Healthy” and the name and drive letter will be updated. Once the disk reports
Healthy, it appears to the computer and ready to use.
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Repeat the above procedure if there are any other partitions. Close the Data Management window by clicking on the
small boxed “X” in the top right corner of the window. Click on the “My Computer” icon on the Desktop. The new
drives will be display and properly named. The new disks are now available for use.
3.8
INSTALLING ON WINDOWS VISTA (32/64-BIT)
3.8.1 Installing eSATA Host Bus Adapter
Follow the instruction below for eSATA HBA Driver installation:
1. Insert the Manual and Utilties CD in the CD-ROM drive.
2. Insert the Setup and Installation Repository CD in the CD-ROM drive.
3. When the Windows started, new hardware will be found. Select “Locate and Install driver software
(recommended)”.
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4. Insert the disc that came with your RAID Controller, click Next.
5. When the installation has completed, click Close.
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3.8.2 Installing SATARAID5 Utility
Follow the instructions below for the SATARAID5 utility:
1. Open the Manual and Utilities CD and select the SATARAID5 Array Manager software from the Utility folder.
2. Double-click the utility file.
3. Click Next> to begin setup.
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4. Select I Agree, click Next>.
5. Select Place shortcut on Desktop, click Next> to create a shortcut on the desktop.
6. Click Next> to use the default installation folder.
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7. Click Next> to begin the installation.
8. When SATARAID5 installation has completed, click Close to exit.
9. Select I accept the terms in the license agreement, than click Next> to begin the Java platform installation.
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10. Select Typical, than click Next>.
11. When Java platform installation has completed, click Finish to exit.
12. Select Start > All Programs > Silicon Image > SATARaid5Manager to start the Array Manager software.
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3.8.3 Disk Drive Mode Setup
Disk Drive Mode setup will create the usable RAID partition to the computer. It is necessary to create the RAID before
the allocating partition. Please refer to the chapter 4 for more detail.
3.8.4 Allocating Partitions
Before creating any partitions, RAID groups must first be created using the SATARaid5 Manager utility (see Chapter 4).
1. Right-click on My Computer icon and select Manage from the pop-up menu.
2. Select Disk Management under Storage to view the disk drives.
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3. When Initialize Disk Wizard appears, select Disk 1 and GPT (GUID Partition Table), and click OK.
4. Windows Vista system supports GPT disk which supports disk volume greater than 2TB.
5. Right-click on the Unallocated partition and select New Single Volume… from the pop-up menu.
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6. Click Next> to create the partition.
7. Specify the partition size you want to create, than click Next>.
8. Assign the drive letter or path you want to create, than click Next>.
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9. Click Format this partition with the following settings and Perform a quick format, setup the File
system, Allocation unit size, Volume label, than click Next>.
10. When the New Partition Wizard has completed, click Finish.
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The status of the created partition in the Disk Management window will change to “Formatting”. The percentage
complete will be displayed. Depending upon the size of the partition, the format process may take several minutes. When
completed, the status will change to “Healthy” and the name and drive letter will be updated. Once the disk reports
Healthy, it appears to the computer and ready to use.
Repeat the above procedure if there are any other partitions. Close the Data Management window by clicking on the
small boxed “X” in the top right corner of the window. Click on the “My Computer” icon on the Desktop. The new
drives will be display and properly named. The new disks are now available for use.
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Chapter 4 - SATARAID5 ARRAY MANAGER
4.1
OVERVIEW
The SATARAID5 Array Manager is the Graphical User Interfaces (GUI) which allows you to create and manage RAID
volumes. The Manager divides into two sections, RAID Groups Windows and Device Configuration Windows, as seen
below.
The RAID Groups window identifies Host Bus Adapters and configured RAID Groups. For systems with more than one
Silicon Image Host Bus Adapter installed, you can switch between cards by selecting the desired card in the RAID Groups
Window.
When a controller is selected, the RAID Groups currently defined on that controller are also shown in the RAID Groups
Window. Selecting a specific RAID Group will highlight the segments associated with that volume in the Device
Configuration Window.
The Device Configuration window identifies all physical drives and their partitions.
Throughout the Manager, different colors are used to indicate the different status. The status can be identied as follow:
COLO
R
Green
Yellow
Red
Grey
STATUS
Good.
Warning. The service degraded and action required.
Failed.
Unused.
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4.2
CREATING RAID GROUPS
To begin creating a new RAID Group, select “Create RAID Group” from the RAID Group menu, or right click on a
controller in the RAID Groups window. Select “Create RAID Group” from the pop-up menu. The “Create RAID Group
dialog” appears.
4.2.1 Contiguous RAID Groups
Contiguous RAID Groups (JBOD Mode) allow the user to select a segment of disk drive or a disk drive.
Select the disk and its options (detailed in Section 4.2.7). Press “Create” to create the RAID Group.
4.2.2 Concatenated RAID Groups
Concatenated RAID Groups (Spanning Mode) allow the user to select different sized segments for each member of the
volume.
For Concatenated volumes, a dialog box will appear allowing the user to select the individual segment sizes from each disk.
Select two or more disks and its options (detailed in Section 4.2.7). Press “Create” to create the RAID Group.
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4.2.3 Striped RAID Groups
Striped RAID Groups (RAID 0) allow the user to select minimum of 2 or more disks for each member of the volume.
Enter the desired values and press “Create” to create the RAID Group (Example below).
4.2.4 Mirrored RAID Groups
Mirrored RAID Groups (RAID 1) allow the user to select two disks for each member of the volume. Select two or more
disk and its options (detailed in Section 4.2.7). Press “Create” to create the RAID Group.
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4.2.5 Mirrored Striped RAID Groups
Mirrored Striped RAID Groups (RAID 10) allow the user to select minimum of 4 disks for each member of the volume.
Select all four disks and its options (detailed in Section 4.2.7). Press “Create” to create the RAID Group.
4.2.6 Parity RAId Groups
Parity RAID Groups (RAID 5) allow the user to select minimum of 3 or more disks for each member of the volume. Select
three or more disks and its options (detailed in Section 4.2.7). Press “Create” to create the RAID Group.
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4.2.7 RAID Groups Options
Before RAID Groups are created, the following options can be modified:
FIELD
RAID Group
Label
RAID Group
Configuration
Capacity
Chunk Size
Rebuild Priority
DEFINITION
Enter an identifiable name for the RAID group. This value can be any string (up to 8 characters
including blank spaces) to help users identify this volume.
Select a Group ID from the available ID list. The maximum number of RAID Groups per controller
is 8. Group ID can be any number between 0 and 7.
Select which RAID level is to be used to configure these members:
• Contiguous (for virtual disk, JBOD Mode).
• Concatenated (for multiple concatenated segments, Spanning Mode)
• Striped (for RAID 0)
• Mirrored (for RAID 1)
• Mirrored Striped (for RAID 10)
• Parity RAID (for RAID 5)
Select a value to define the total usable capacity of the RAID Group or manually enter the volume
size in gigabytes (GB). Selecting MAX will create the largest RAID set possible with the drive(s)
selected.
Select a value to define the chunk size (stripe size) for performance tuning. In general, large stripe
sizes are best for large files that are accessed sequentially (for example, media streaming files) and
smaller sizes are better for randomly accessed data like databases. This parameter is not used for
Contiguous, Concatenated, and Mirrored configurations.
Select a value to identify how quickly the controller should rebuild data on a disk after a hardware
failure. A value of 1 is the lowest priority and will take the longest to rebuild. A value of 10 is the
highest priority and will rebuild the fastest. Higher priority will require more CPU resources, which
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might affect the computer’s overall performance. This parameter is not used for Contiguous
(JBOD), Concatenated, and Striped configurations.
Check Pointing
Parity
(Return Dirty
Data/Offline
RAID GRP)
Devices
Click the On or Off button to enable or disable the Check Pointing feature.
When Check Pointing is enabled, restoring data is very fast after an unexpected power loss,
although normal performance may be slightly reduced.
When Check Pointing is disabled, normal performance is improved, but restores can take a long
time to complete.
This selection is only available when the selected RAID configuration is Mirrored, Mirrored Striped
or Parity RAID, and the “Advanced RAID Features” checkbox in the Configuration/Advanced
Options dialog is checked.
Select Return Dirty Data to return data after an unexpected power loss and all of the data could
not be written to disk
Select Offline RAID GRP to take the volume off-line.
This selection is only available when the selected RAID configuration is Parity RAID and the
“Advanced RAID Features” checkbox in the Configuration/Advanced Options dialog is checked.
Select the RAID member devices from the available device segment. Up to five members can be
selected for Contiguous, Concatenated, Mirrored, Striped or Parity RAID modes. Exactly four
members must be selected for Mirrored Striped mode.
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RAID Level
0
1
5
10
Contiguous
Concatenated
Min # of Disks
2
2
3
4
1
1
Once all parameters have been selected, select “Create” to create the RAID Group. When finished, press Cancel to exit
the Create RAID Group Dialog.
4.3
ADDITIONAL MENU FUNCTIONS
The Main menu are shown below:
File
Configuration
…
Exit
Device
Create Spare
RAID Group
Create RAID Group
Delete Spare
Delete Member
Delete Orphan
Rebuild RAID Group
Delete RAID Group
Bring RAID Group
Online
RAID Group
Summary
Make Pass-Thru
Window
Task
Manager
Event Log
Resources
Legacy Support
Create Legacy RAID Group
Rebuild Legacy RAID Group
Delete Legacy RAID Group
Convert Legacy RAID Group
Bring Legacy RAID Group
Online
Create Legacy Spare
Device
Summary
Delete Legacy Spare
Convert Legacy Spare
The commands are documented on the pages that follow.
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Help
Help
Topics
About
4.3.1 Configuration
SATARAID5 configuration options include customization of the settings for Log File, Popup, and Advanced Options.
This command displays a dialog box to let user set different configurations for SATARAID5 with the following three tabs:
Log File Tab
The Log File tab allows you to define the location and name of the log file. The log file is used to store event information
received from all Silicon Image RAID drivers. The log file is a text file and can be viewed with any text viewer (such as
“Notepad” on Windows platforms) or with the Event Log window of the SATARAID5 Manager. Use the Log File tab to set
the location and the desired filename for the log file.
To specify whether the Log File is generated, click on either the Disabled or Enabled radio button. If Log File generation
is enabled, you can click the Browse button to specify the file name and location of the Log File. You can also use the
Purge button to delete the contents of the Log File.
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Popup Tab
SATARAID5 can be configured to notify the user of events using messages in popup windows. Use the slider control to set
the event level for popups to occur:
- Information Level - The following events will trigger a popup window:
ƒ Informational
ƒ Warnings
ƒ Errors
- Warning Level - The following events will trigger a popup window:
ƒ Warnings
ƒ Errors
- Error Level - The following events will trigger a popup window:
ƒ Errors
- Disable All - No events will trigger a popup window.
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Advanced Options
The Advanced Options tab is used to control advanced features of the RAID driver. By default, all these advanced options
are disabled.
The Advanced Options tab allows you to enable the following advanced features.
FEATURE
Legacy (Bootable) Support
Delete Member Support
Advanced RAID Features
Resources Info Support
EXPLANATION
When this feature is selected, Legacy Support menu will be available in the menu bar.
Enables the Legacy Support menu to support RAID functions for legacy RAID groups
(available on Windows platforms only). See Legacy Support menu options.
When this feature is selected, Delete Member menu item will be available under the
Device menu. Enables the Delete Member option on the Device menu to delete a
member from RAID 1 (Mirrored), RAID 5 (Parity RAID), and RAID 10 (Striped and
Mirrored) groups. See Delete Member menu option.
When this feature is selected and user selects to create RAID group, if the RAID
group to be created is fault tolerance group (RAID 1, RAID 5, or RAID 10), user will
be able to select Improper Shutdown Policy in the Create RAID Group dialog box.
Enables the selection of an Improper Shutdown Policy (including Check-Pointing and
Dirty Parity handling) in the Create RAID Group dialog box when the selected RAID
Group type is a fault-tolerant configuration (Mirrored, Mirrored/Striped and Parity
RAID). This feature is not supported for Legacy RAID groups.
When this feature is selected, Resources menu item will be available under the
Window menu. Enables the Resources option on the Window menu for debugging
purposes. See Resources menu option.
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4.3.2 Exit
This command terminates the SATARAID5 program.
Create Spare
This command displays a dialog box to let user create spare drive, user needs to select the following parameters:
PARAMETER
Spare Type
Capacity
RAID Group
Device Segment
DESCRIPTION
Choose one of:
• Global - If the spare drive is for all RAID groups in the system.
• Dedicated - If the spare drive is dedicated to the specified RAID group.
If you select Global for the Spare Type, current options from a list of capacity are from 128 MB
to 100 GB, HALF and MAX.
If you select Dedicated for the Spare Type, please selected RAID group to which this spare
drive is dedicated.
Select one device segment from the available spare type only.
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4.3.3 Delete Spare
This menu option displays a dialog box to select (highlight) one or more spare drives to delete.
4.3.4 Delete Member
This menu option displays a dialog box to select (highlight) RAID group members to delete. Because RAID 0 is not fault
tolerant, RAID 0 members are not shown in the list.
Note: Deleting members will demote the RAID group to a non-fault-tolerant RAID group.
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4.3.5 Delete Orphan
This menu option displays a dialog box to select (highlight) orphan segments to delete. An orphan segment is part of a
RAID group that cannot access other segments within the same RAID group. When a member of a RAID group fails in a
severe manner (such as a loss of power or a complete hard disk failure), it becomes an orphan.
This command displays the Delete Orphan Segment window to show all orphan segments and allow user to delete selected
orphan segments.
4.3.6 Make Pass-Thru
This menu option is not available in this product.
4.3.7 Devide Summary
This command displays the Segment Summary window to show all physical devices’ segments.
The Segment Summary window has its own menu bar. All options available via the menu bar are shown below
File
Options
Exit
Sorting…
Fields…
Exit
This command closes the Task Summary window.
Sorting
This command sorts the rows based on the selected field.
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Fields
This command displays a dialog box to let user choose which fields will be shown in the Segment Summary window.
4.3.8 Create RAID Group
This command displays a dialog box to let user verify a raid type than display Create RAID Group dialog box.
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4.3.9 Rebuild RAId Group
This command displays a dialog box to let user choose a replacement segment to rebuild a non-fault tolerant RAID group.
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4.3.10 Delete RAID Group
This command displays a dialog box to let user choose RAID groups to delete.
4.3.11 Bring RAID Group Online
This menu option is not available in this product.
4.3.12 RAID Group Summary
This command displays a dialog box to show all RAID groups’ group ID, configuration, and status.
The RAID Group Summary window has its own menu bar. All options available via the menu bar are shown below.
File
Options
Exit
Sorting…
Fields…
Exit
This command closes the RAID Group Summary window.
Sorting
This command displays a dialog box to let user choose up to 3 items to sort RAID group items in the RAID Group
list.
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Fields
This command displays a dialog box to let user choose which fields will be shown in the RAID Group Summary
window.
4.3.13 Task Manager
This command displays the Task Manager window. The Task Manager window lists all RAID and disk management tasks
that have been started and/or done. This window provides user the ability to schedule any RAID and disk management
operations including RAID group creation, rebuild, and test.
The Task Manager window has its own menu bar. All options available via the menu bar are shown below
File
Options
Task
Open… Sorting… Modify…
Save…
Fields…
Suspend…
Print…
Resume…
Exit
Cancel…
Delete…
Open
This option will be available in future revisions.
Save
This option will be available in future revisions.
Print
This option will be available in future revisions.
Exit
This command closes the Task Summary window.
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Sorting
This command displays a dialog box to let user choose up to 3 items to sort task items in the task list.
Fields
This command displays a dialog box to let user choose which fields will be shown in the task list.
Modify
This command allows user to modify parameters of the selected task items. The following is an example of changing
rebuild priority for a rebuild task.
Suspend
This command allows user to suspend the selected task items.
Resume
This command allows user to resume the suspended task items.
Cancel
This command allows user to cancel the selected task items.
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Delete
This command displays a dialog box to let user delete the selected task items from the task list in Task Summary
window. The following dialog box will pop up to get confirmation from the user.
4.3.14 Event Log
This command displays the Event Log window. The Event Log window displays SATA device-related events that occur
while SATARAID5 is running.
The Event Log window has it’s own menu bar. All options available via the menu bar are shown below
File
Options
Exit
Sorting…
Fields…
Exit
This command closes the Event Log window.
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Sorting
This command displays a dialog box to let user choose up to 3 items to sort event items in the event log.
Fields
This command displays a dialog box to let user choose which fields will be shown in the event log.
4.3.15 Resources
This command displays the Resource Information window. This feature is for debugging purpose only.
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The Event Log window has it’s own menu bar. All options available via the menu bar are shown below
File
Display
Exit
Suspend Alt+S
Resume Alt+R
Exit
This command closes the Resources window.
Suspend
This command is to suspend the resources informantion.
Fields
This command is to resume the resources informantion.
4.3.16 Create Legacy RAId Group
This menu option is not available in this product.
4.3.17 Help Topics
This command opens an interactive help dialog using the standard Windows help interface.
This option will be available in future revisions.
4.3.18 About
This command displays a dialog box with more information about the SATARAID5 program, including the revision level.
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