Cadillac 2004 XLR Specifications

2004 Cadillac XLR Owner Manual
Seats and Restraint Systems ........................... 1-1
Front Seats ............................................... 1-2
Safety Belts
.............................................. 1-4
Child Restraints
....................................... 1-18
Air Bag Systems
...................................... 1-36
Restraint System Check
............................ 1-48
Features and Controls ..................................... 2-1
Keys
........................................................ 2-2
Doors and Locks
....................................... 2-8
Windows ................................................. 2-14
Theft-Deterrent Systems ............................ 2-17
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle
........... 2-19
Mirrors .................................................... 2-33
OnStar® System
...................................... 2-35
HomeLink® Transmitter
............................. 2-37
Storage Areas
......................................... 2-41
Retractable Hardtop .................................. 2-44
Vehicle Personalization
............................. 2-53
Instrument Panel ............................................. 3-1
Instrument Panel Overview .......................... 3-4
Climate Controls
...................................... 3-35
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
......... 3-41
Driver Information Center (DIC) .................... 3-57
Trip Computer
......................................... 3-72
Audio System(s) ....................................... 3-72
M
Driving Your Vehicle ....................................... 4-1
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle
..... 4-2
Towing
................................................... 4-32
Service and Appearance Care .......................... 5-1
Service ..................................................... 5-3
Fuel ......................................................... 5-4
Checking Things Under the Hood
............... 5-10
Rear Axle
............................................... 5-45
Headlamp Aiming ..................................... 5-46
Bulb Replacement
.................................... 5-49
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
......... 5-49
Tires
...................................................... 5-50
Appearance Care
..................................... 5-75
Vehicle Identification
................................. 5-83
Electrical System ...................................... 5-84
Capacities and Specifications
..................... 5-91
Maintenance Schedule ..................................... 6-1
Maintenance Schedule ................................ 6-2
Customer Assistance Information .................... 7-1
Customer Assistance Information .................. 7-2
Reporting Safety Defects ........................... 7-10
Index ................................................................ 1
Canadian Owners
You can obtain a French copy of this manual from your
dealer or from:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem, CADILLAC,
the CADILLAC Crest & Wreath are registered
trademarks and the name XLR is a trademark of
General Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes
after that time without further notice. For vehicles first
sold in Canada, substitute the name “General Motors of
Canada Limited” for Cadillac Motor Car Division
whenever it appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will be
there if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you
sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so the
new owner can use it.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 10327354 A First Edition
ii
How to Use This Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If
you do this, it will help you learn about the features and
controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you will find
that pictures and words work together to explain things.
Index
A good place to look for what you need is the Index in
back of the manual. It is an alphabetical list of what
is in the manual, and the page number where you will
find it.
© Copyright General Motors Corporation 06/02/03
All Rights Reserved
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you about
things that could hurt you if you were to ignore the
warning.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this” or “Don’t let
this happen.”
{CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t, you
or others could be hurt.
iii
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
Your vehicle has components and labels that use
symbols instead of text. Symbols, used on your vehicle,
are shown along with the text describing the operation
or information relating to a specific component, control,
message, gage or indicator.
Notice: These mean there is something that could
damage your vehicle.
A notice will tell you about something that can damage
your vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be
covered by your warranty, and it could be costly.
But the notice will tell you what to do to help avoid
the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different
colors or in different words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle.
They use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
iv
If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
component, gage or indicator, reference the following
topics:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Seats and Restraint Systems in Section 1
Features and Controls in Section 2
Instrument Panel Overview in Section 3
Climate Controls in Section 3
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators in Section 3
Audio System(s) in Section 3
Engine Compartment Overview in Section 5
These are some examples of vehicle symbols you may find on your vehicle:
v
✍ NOTES
vi
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Front Seats ......................................................1-2
Eight-Way Power Seats ...................................1-2
Power Lumbar ...............................................1-3
Heated and Cooled Seats ................................1-3
Safety Belts .....................................................1-4
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone .................1-4
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ........1-8
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ...................1-9
Driver Position ..............................................1-10
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ..................1-16
Passenger Position .......................................1-17
Safety Belt Pretensioners ...............................1-17
Safety Belt Extender .....................................1-17
Child Restraints .............................................1-18
Older Children ..............................................1-18
Infants and Young Children ............................1-20
Child Restraint Systems .................................1-23
Top Strap ....................................................1-27
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) ...........................1-27
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the
LATCH System .........................................1-29
Securing a Child Restraint in the Passenger
Seat Position ............................................1-31
Air Bag Systems ............................................1-36
Where Are the Air Bags? ...............................1-38
When Should an Air Bag Inflate? ....................1-41
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate? .....................1-42
How Does an Air Bag Restrain? .....................1-42
What Will You See After an Air
Bag Inflates? ............................................1-42
Air Bag Off Switch ........................................1-44
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle .........1-48
Restraint System Check ..................................1-48
Checking Your Restraint Systems ...................1-48
Replacing Restraint System Parts After
a Crash ...................................................1-49
1-1
Front Seats
Eight-Way Power Seats
The eight-way power seat controls are located on
the outboard sides of both the driver’s and the
passenger’s seats.
• Move the front of the control up or down to adjust
the front portion of the cushion up or down.
• Move the rear of the control up or down to adjust
the rear portion of the cushion up or down.
• Lift up or push down on the whole control to move
the entire seat up or down.
• Slide the control toward the front or rear of the
vehicle to move the whole seat forward or rearward.
• Push or pull the top of the control forward or
rearward to raise and recline the seatback.
1-2
Power Lumbar
Heated and Cooled Seats
The driver’s and
passenger’s seatback
lumbar support switches
are located on the
outboard sides of
the seats.
The buttons for the heated and cooled seats are located
on the climate controls.
( (Heated/Cooled Seat):
Press this button to turn the
feature on. The button on the left controls the driver’s
seat and the button on the right controls the passenger’s
seat. Each press of the button will take you to a
different setting. The settings available in order are HI
HEAT, LO HEAT, OFF, HI COOL, LO COOL and
OFF. You will be able to feel the temperature change in
a few minutes.
The feature will automatically shut off when the vehicle
is turned off.
Use the power seat controls first to get the proper
position, then continue with the lumbar adjustment.
Use the top lumbar switch to adjust support to the
middle seatback and the bottom lumbar switch to adjust
support to the lower seatback. Press the front of the
switch to increase support and the rear of the switch to
decrease support.
Keep in mind that as your seating position changes,
as it may during long trips, so should the position of your
lumbar support. Adjust the seat as needed.
1-3
Safety Belts
{CAUTION:
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety
belts properly. It also tells you some things you should
not do with safety belts.
{CAUTION:
Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’t
wear a safety belt properly. If you are in a
crash and you’re not wearing a safety belt,
your injuries can be much worse. You can hit
things inside the vehicle or be ejected from it.
You can be seriously injured or killed. In the
same crash, you might not be if you are
buckled up. Always fasten your safety belt,
and check that your passenger’s belt is
fastened properly too.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo
area, inside or outside of a vehicle. In a
collision, people riding in these areas are more
likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not
allow people to ride in any area of your vehicle
that is not equipped with seats and safety
belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a
seat and using a safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a
reminder to buckle up. See
Safety Belt Reminder
Light on page 3-43.
In most states and all Canadian provinces, the law says
to wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
1-4
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles, the
facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat on
wheels.
1-5
Put someone on it.
1-6
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
The person keeps going until stopped by something. In
a real vehicle, it could be the windshield...
or the instrument panel...
1-7
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
A:
You could be — whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance
of being conscious during and after an accident,
so you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if
you are belted.
Q: If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have to
wear safety belts?
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
1-8
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in
most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts — not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the
use of safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that
has air bags, you still have to buckle up to get
the most protection. That’s true not only in frontal
collisions, but especially in side and other
collisions.
Q: If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident — even one that isn’t your fault — you
and your passenger can be hurt. Being a good
driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of serious
injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than
40 mph (65 km/h).
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different
rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will be
riding in your vehicle, see Older Children on page 1-18
or Infants and Young Children on page 1-20. Follow
those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Safety belts are for everyone.
1-9
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here is how to wear
it properly.
1. Close the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight. To see
how, see “Seats” in the Index.
1-10
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Do not let it get twisted.
The lap-shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt
go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-17.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder belt.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you would be less
likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the
belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of
the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-11
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is too loose. In a crash, you would move
forward too much, which could increase injury.
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
A:
1-12
The shoulder belt is too loose. It will not give
nearly as much protection this way.
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries. Always buckle your belt into the
buckle nearest you.
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-13
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to
the ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder
bones. You could also severely injure internal
organs like your liver or spleen.
A:
1-14
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt.
In a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width of
the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is
twisted, make it straight so it can work
properly, or ask your dealer to fix it.
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
1-15
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage
both the belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible,
below the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
1-16
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the passenger’s safety belt
properly, see Driver Position on page 1-10.
The passenger’s safety belt works the same way as the
driver’s safety belt — except for one thing. If you
ever pull the shoulder portion of the belt out all the way,
you will engage the child restraint locking feature. If
this happens, just let the belt go back all the way and
start again.
Pretensioners work only once. If they activate in a
crash, you’ll need to get new ones, and probably other
new parts for your safety belt system. See Replacing
Restraint System Parts After a Crash on page 1-49.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so
the extender will be long enough for you. The extender
will be just for you, and just for the seat in your
vehicle that you choose. Don’t let someone else use it,
and use it only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear
it, just attach it to the regular safety belt.
Safety Belt Pretensioners
Your vehicle has safety belt pretensioners. You’ll find
them on the buckle end of the safety belts for the driver
and right front passenger. They help the safety belts
reduce a person’s forward movement in a moderate to
severe crash in which the front of the vehicle hits
something.
1-17
Child Restraints
Older Children
Q: What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
A: If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a
shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt
should not cross the face or neck. The lap belt
should fit snugly below the hips, just touching the
top of the thighs. It should never be worn over
the abdomen, which could cause severe or even
fatal internal injuries in a crash.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike
other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown
out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety
belts properly.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
1-18
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt.
The belt can’t properly spread the impact
forces. In a crash, the two children can be
crushed together and seriously injured. A belt
must be used by only one person at a time.
Q: What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt
is very close to the child’s face or neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center of the vehicle,
but be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the
child’s shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper
body would have the restraint that belts provide.
1-19
CAUTION:
(Continued)
behind the child. If the child wears the belt in
this way, in a crash the child might slide under
the belt. The belt’s force would then be applied
right on the child’s abdomen. That could cause
serious or fatal injuries.
The lap portion of the belt should be worn low and snug
on the hips, just touching the child’s thighs. This
applies belt force to the child’s pelvic bones in a crash.
Infants and Young Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes
the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in
every Canadian province says children up to some age
must be restrained while in a vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is
CAUTION:
1-20
(Continued)
Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles,
they should have the protection provided by appropriate
restraints. Young children should not use the vehicle’s
adult safety belts alone, unless there is no other choice.
Instead, they need to use a child restraint.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
For example, in a crash at only 25 mph
(40 km/h), a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby will suddenly
become a 240-lb. (110 kg) force on a person’s
arms. A baby should be secured in an
appropriate restraint.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their arms
while riding in a vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh
much − until a crash. During a crash a baby will
become so heavy it is not possible to hold it.
CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to,
any air bag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer outstanding protection for adults
and older children, but not for young children
and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt
system nor its air bag system is designed for
them. Young children and infants need the
protection that a child restraint system can
provide.
(Continued)
1-21
Q: What are the different types of add-on child
restraints?
A:
Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by
the vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic
types. Selection of a particular restraint should take
into consideration not only the child’s weight,
height and age but also whether or not the restraint
will be compatible with the motor vehicle in
which it will be used.
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing a
child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used
in a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have a
label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that come
with the restraint state the weight and height
limitations for a particular child restraint. In addition,
there are many kinds of restraints available for
children with special needs.
1-22
{CAUTION:
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck. This
is necessary because a newborn infant’s neck
is weak and its head weighs so much
compared with the rest of its body. In a crash,
an infant in a rear-facing seat settles into the
restraint, so the crash forces can be
distributed across the strongest part of an
infant’s body, the back and shoulders. Infants
always should be secured in appropriate infant
restraints.
Child Restraint Systems
{CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is quite
unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom
the safety belts are designed. A young child’s
hip bones are still so small that the vehicle’s
regular safety belt may not remain low on the
hip bones, as it should. Instead, it may settle
up around the child’s abdomen. In a crash, the
belt would apply force on a body area that’s
unprotected by any bony structure. This alone
could cause serious or fatal injuries. Young
children always should be secured in
appropriate child restraints.
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a
motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed
to restrain or position a child on a continuous flat
surface. Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward
the center of the vehicle.
1-23
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with the
seating surface against the back of the infant. The
harness system holds the infant in place and, in a crash,
acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.
1-24
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint for
the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes
with surfaces such as T-shaped or shelf-like shields.
Q: How do child restraints work?
A: A child restraint system is any device designed for
use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position
children. A built-in child restraint system is a
permanent part of the motor vehicle. An add-on
child restraint system is a portable one, which
is purchased by the vehicle’s owner.
For many years, add-on child restraints have used
the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help
reduce the chance of injury, the child also has to be
secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s belt
system secures the add-on child restraint in the
vehicle, and the add-on child restraint’s harness
system holds the child in place within the restraint.
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed to
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system. Some
booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner, and
some high-back booster seats have a five-point harness.
A booster seat can also help a child to see out the
window.
One system, the three-point harness, has straps that
come down over each of the infant’s shoulders and
buckle together at the crotch. The five-point harness
system has two shoulder straps, two hip straps and a
crotch strap. A shield may take the place of hip
straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder straps that
are attached to a flat pad which rests low against the
child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type shield has
straps that are attached to a wide, shelf-like shield
that swings up or to the side.
1-25
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is, it
will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured
within the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal
injury. When securing an add-on child restraint, refer
to the instructions that come with the restraint which may
be on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both, and
to this manual. The child restraint instructions are
important, so if they are not available, obtain a
replacement copy from the manufacturer.
The child restraint must be secured properly in the
passenger seat. If you want to secure a rear-facing child
restraint in the passenger’s seat, turn off the passenger’s
air bags. See Air Bag Off Switch on page 1-44 and
Securing a Child Restraint in the Passenger Seat
Position on page 1-31 for more on this, including
important safety information.
1-26
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the passenger’s air
bag inflates. This is because the back of the
rear-facing child restraint would be very close
to the inflating air bag. Be sure to turn off the
air bag before using a rear-facing child
restraint in the passenger seat position.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure
people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure
any child restraint in your vehicle – even when no child
is in it.
Top Strap
Some child restraints have a top strap, or “top tether,”
which can help hold the child restraint during a
crash. For it to work, a top strap must be properly
anchored to the vehicle. Some child restraints with a top
strap are designed to be used whether or not the top
strap is anchored. Others require that the top strap
be anchored. Also, a national or local law may require
that the top strap be anchored.
If your child restraint top strap must be anchored, then
don’t use the restraint in this vehicle, because in it,
a top strap cannot be properly anchored.
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers
for Children (LATCH System)
Your vehicle has lower anchors (A) at the passenger
position that can be used to install a child seat.
A label on the seatback
shows where each lower
anchor is.
1-27
You can use these lower anchors to install the child
seat instead of using the vehicle’s safety belts if the child
seat has the necessary attachments (A, B).
However, your vehicle does not have a third anchor,
called a top strap, or tether, anchor (C). If the
instructions that come with the child seat say that it
must be secured at all three anchors, do not use that
child seat in this vehicle. See Top Strap on page 1-27.
1-28
{CAUTION:
If a LATCH-type child restraint isn’t attached to
its anchorage points, the restraint won’t be
able to protect the child correctly. In a crash,
the child could be seriously injured or killed.
Make sure that a LATCH-type child restraint is
properly installed using the anchorage points,
or use the vehicle’s safety belts to secure the
restraint. See “Securing a Child Restraint
Designed for the LATCH System” or “Securing
a Child Restraint in the Passenger Seat
Position” in the Index for information on how
to secure a child restraint in your vehicle.
Securing a Child Restraint Designed
for the LATCH System
Your vehicle has passenger air bags, There is an air
bag off switch in the glove box you can use to turn
off the passenger’s air bags. See Air Bag Off Switch on
page 1-44 for more on this, including important safety
information. Your vehicle will either have the Canadian
switch design (A) or the United States switch
design (B).
1-29
Unless the passenger’s air bags have been turned off,
never put a rear-facing child restraint in this vehicle.
Here is why:
(Continued)
If you secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the passenger seat, always move the
passenger seat as far back as it will go.
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the passenger’s air
bag inflates. This is because the back of the
rear-facing child restraint would be very close
to the inflating air bag. Do not use a
rear-facing child restraint in this vehicle unless
the passenger’s air bag has been turned off.
Even though the AIR BAG OFF switch is
designed to turn off the passenger’s air bags
under certain conditions, no system is
fail-safe, and no one can guarantee that an air
bag will not deploy under some unusual
circumstance, even though it is turned off. We,
therefore, recommend that rear-facing child
restraints be transported in vehicles with a
rear seat that will accommodate a rear-facing
child restraint, whenever possible.
CAUTION:
1-30
CAUTION:
(Continued)
{CAUTION:
If the air bag readiness light ever comes on
when you have turned off the air bags, it
means that something may be wrong with the
air bag system. The passenger’s air bags
could inflate even though the switch is off. If
this ever happens, do not let anyone whom
the national government has identified as a
member of a passenger air bag risk group sit
in the passenger’s position (for example, do
not secure a rear-facing child restraint in your
vehicle) until you have your vehicle serviced.
See Air Bag Off Switch on page 1-44.
1. Find the anchors in the passenger seat. See Lower
Anchorages and Top Tethers for Children (LATCH
System) on page 1-27.
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Passenger Seat Position
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. Attach the anchor points on the child restraint to the
anchors in the vehicle. The child restraint
instructions will show you how. See Top Strap on
page 1-27 if your child restraint has one.
4. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, disconnect the
anchor points.
Your vehicle has passenger air bags. There is an air
bag off switch in the glove box you can use to turn
off the passenger’s air bags. See Air Bag Off Switch
on page 1-44 for more on this, including important
safety information. Your vehicle will either have
the Canadian switch design (A) or the United States
switch design (B).
1-31
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the passenger’s air
bag inflates. This is because the back of the
rear-facing child restraint would be very close
to the inflating air bag. Do not use a
rear-facing child restraint in this vehicle unless
the passenger’s air bag has been turned off.
Unless the passenger’s air bags have been turned off,
never put a rear-facing child restraint in this vehicle.
Here is why:
Even though the AIR BAG OFF switch is
designed to turn off the passenger’s air bags
under certain conditions, no system is
fail-safe, and no one can guarantee that an air
bag will not deploy under some unusual
circumstance, even though it is turned off. We,
therefore, recommend that rear-facing child
restraints be transported in vehicles with a
rear seat that will accommodate a rear-facing
child restraint, whenever possible.
If you secure a forward-facing child restraint in
the passenger seat, always move the
passenger seat as far back as it will go.
1-32
{CAUTION:
If the air bag readiness light ever comes on
when you have turned off the air bags, it
means that something may be wrong with the
air bag system. The passenger’s air bags
could inflate even though the switch is off. If
this ever happens, do not let anyone whom the
national government has identified as a
member of a passenger air bag risk group sit
in the passenger’s position (for example, do
not secure a rear-facing child restraint in your
vehicle) until you have your vehicle serviced.
See Air Bag Off Switch on page 1-44.
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-27. See Top Strap
on page 1-27 if the child restraint has one.
There are no top strap anchors in this vehicle. Do not
secure a child seat in this vehicle if a national or
local law requires that the top strap be anchored, or if
the instructions that come with the restraint say that the
top strap must be anchored.
If your child restraint does not have the latch system,
you will be using the lap-shoulder belt to secure the child
restraint in this position. Be sure to follow the
instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure
the child in the child restraint when and as the
instructions say.
1. Your vehicle has passenger’s air bags. If you need
to use a rear-facing child restraint in this seat, make
sure the air bags are turned off. See Air Bag Off
Switch on page 1-44. If your child restraint is
forward-facing, always move the seat as far back
as it will go before securing it in this seat. See
Eight-Way Power Seats on page 1-2.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
1-33
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-34
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to set the lock.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
adult or larger child passenger.
If you were using a rear-facing child restraint, turn on
the passenger’s air bags when you remove the
rear-facing child restraint from the vehicle unless the
person who will be sitting there is a member of a
passenger air bag risk group. See Air Bag Off Switch on
page 1-44.
{CAUTION:
6. To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back into
the retractor while you push down on the child
restraint. You may find it helpful to use your knee to
push down on the child restraint as you tighten
the belt.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
If the passenger’s air bags are turned off for a
person who is not in a risk group identified by
the national government, that person will not
have the extra protection of the air bags. In a
crash, the air bags would not be able to inflate
and help protect the person sitting there. Do
not turn off the passenger’s air bags unless
the person sitting there is in a risk group. See
Air Bag Off Switch on page 1-44 for more on
this, including important safety information.
1-35
Air Bag Systems
CAUTION:
This part explains the frontal and side impact air bag
systems.
Your vehicle has four air bags – a frontal air bag for the
driver, another frontal air bag for the passenger, a
side impact air bag for the driver, and another side
impact air bag for the passenger.
Frontal air bags are designed to help reduce the risk of
injury from the force of an inflating frontal air bag.
But these air bags must inflate very quickly to do their
job and comply with federal regulations.
Here are the most important things to know about the
air bag systems:
{CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash
if you are not wearing your safety belt – even if
you have air bags. Wearing your safety belt
during a crash helps reduce your chance of
hitting things inside the vehicle or being
ejected from it.
CAUTION:
1-36
(Continued)
(Continued)
Air bags are designed to work with safety belts
but do not replace them.
Frontal air bags for the driver and passenger
are designed to deploy only in moderate to
severe frontal and near frontal crashes. They
are not designed to inflate at all in rollover,
rear or low-speed frontal crashes, or in many
side crashes. And, for some unrestrained
occupants, frontal air bags may provide less
protection in frontal crashes than more
forceful air bags have provided in the past.
The side impact air bags for the driver and
passenger are designed to inflate only in
moderate to severe crashes where something
hits the side of your vehicle. They are not
designed to inflate in frontal, in rollover or in
rear crashes.
Everyone in your vehicle should wear a safety
belt properly – whether or not there is an air
bag for that person.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Both frontal and side impact air bags inflate
with great force, faster than the blink of an
eye. If you’re too close to an inflating air bag,
as you would be if you were leaning forward, it
could seriously injure you. Safety belts help
keep you in position for air bag inflation before
and during a crash. Always wear your safety
belt, even with frontal air bags. The driver
should sit as far back as possible while still
maintaining control of the vehicle. Front
occupants should not lean on or sleep against
the door.
Anyone who is up against, or very close to,
any air bag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Air bags plus
lap-shoulderbelts offer the best protection for
adults, but not for young children and infants.
Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor its
air bag system is designed for them. Young
children and infants need the protection that a
child restraint system can provide. Always
secure children properly in your vehicle. To
read how, see the part of this manual called
“Older Children” or “Infants and Young
Children.”
1-37
There is an air bag
readiness light on the
instrument panel, which
shows the air bag symbol.
Where Are the Air Bags?
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See Air Bag Readiness Light on page 3-44
for more information.
The driver’s frontal air bag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
1-38
The passenger’s frontal air bag is in the instrument
panel on the passenger’s side.
The driver’s side impact air bag is in the side of the
driver’s seatback closest to the door.
1-39
{CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant and an
air bag, the bag might not inflate properly or it
might force the object into that person causing
severe injury or even death. The path of an
inflating air bag must be kept clear. Don’t put
anything between an occupant and an air bag,
and don’t attach or put anything on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any other air
bag covering. Don’t let seat covers block the
inflation path of a side impact air bag.
The passenger’s side impact air bag is in the side of the
passenger’s seatback closest to the door.
1-40
When Should an Air Bag Inflate?
The drivers and passenger’s frontal air bags are
designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontal or
near-frontal crashes. But they are designed to inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s designed
“threshold level.”
In addition, your vehicle has “dual stage” frontal air
bags, which adjust the amount of restraint according to
crash severity. For moderate frontal impacts, these
air bags inflate at a level less than full deployment. For
more severe frontal impacts, full deployment occurs.
If the front of your vehicle goes straight into a wall
that does not move or deform, the threshold level
for the reduced deployment is about 12 to 16 mph
(19 to 26 km/h), and the threshold level for a full
deployment is about 18 to 24 mph (29 to 38.5 km/h).
The threshold level can vary, however, with specific
vehicle design, so that it can be somewhat above
or below this range.
If your vehicle strikes something that will move or
deform, such as a parked car, the threshold level will be
higher. The driver’s and passenger’s frontal air bags
are not designed to inflate in rollovers, rear impacts, or
in many side impacts because inflation would not
help the occupant.
Vehicles with dual stage air bags are also equipped with
seat position sensors which enable the sensing
system to monitor the position of the driver’s and
passenger’s seats. The seat position sensor provides
information which is used to determine if the air
bags should deploy at a reduced level or at full
deployment.
The side impact air bags are designed to inflate in
moderate to severe side crashes. A side impact air bag
will inflate if the crash severity is above the system’s
designed “threshold level.” The threshold level can vary
with specific vehicle design. Side impact air bags are
not designed to inflate in frontal or near-frontal impacts,
rollovers or rear impacts, because inflation would not
help the occupant. A side impact air bag will only deploy
on the side of the vehicle that is struck.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were.
For frontal air bags, inflation is determined by the angle
of the impact and how quickly the vehicle slows down
in frontal and near-frontal impacts. For side impact
air bags, inflation is determined by the location
and severity of the impact.
1-41
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. For
both frontal and side impact air bags, the sensing
system triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which
inflates the air bag. The inflator, the air bag and
related hardware are all part of the air bag modules
inside the steering wheel, the instrument panel, and the
side of the front seatbacks closest to the door.
How Does an Air Bag Restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or
the instrument panel. In moderate to severe side
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the inside
of the vehicle. The air bag supplements the protection
provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper
body, stopping the occupant more gradually. But the
frontal air bags would not help you in many types
of collisions, including rollovers, rear impacts, and many
side impacts, primarily because an occupant’s motion
is not toward the air bag. Side impact air bags would not
help you in many types of collisions, including frontal
1-42
or near frontal collisions, rollovers, and rear impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward
those air bags. Air bags should never be regarded
as anything more than a supplement to safety belts, and
then only in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal
collisions for the driver’s and passenger’s frontal
air bags, and only in moderate to severe side collisions
for the driver’s and passenger’s side impact air bag.
What Will You See After an Air Bag
Inflates?
After the air bag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly
that some people may not even realize the air bag
inflated. Some components of the air bag module – the
steering wheel hub for the driver’s air bag, the
instrument panel for the passenger’s bag, the side of
the seatback closest to the door for the driver’s
and passenger’s side impact air bags – will be hot for a
short time. The parts of the bag that come into
contact with you may be warm, but not too hot to touch.
There will be some smoke and dust coming from the
vents in the deflated air bags. Air bag inflation does not
prevent the driver from seeing or being able to steer
the vehicle, nor does it stop people from leaving
the vehicle.
{CAUTION:
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the
air. This dust could cause breathing problems
for people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in
the vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe
to do so. If you have breathing problems but
can’t get out of the vehicle after an air bag
inflates, then get fresh air by opening a
window or a door. If you experience breathing
problems following an air bag deployment, you
should seek medical attention.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate the air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the
passenger air bag.
• Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After an
modules and possibly other parts. The service
manual for your vehicle covers the need to replace
other parts.
• Your vehicle is equipped with a diagnostic module,
which records information about the air bag
system. The module records information about the
readiness of the system, when the system
commands air bag inflation and driver’s safety belt
usage at deployment. The module also records
speed, engine rpm, brake and throttle data.
• Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag
systems. Improper service can mean that an air
bag system will not work properly. See your dealer
for service.
Notice: If you damage the covering for the driver’s
or the passenger’s air bags, the bags may not
work properly. You may have to replace the air bag
module in the steering wheel or both the air bag
module and the instrument panel for the
passenger’s air bags. Do not open or break the air
bag coverings.
air bag inflates, you will need some new parts for
your air bag system. If you do not get them, the air
bag system will not be there to help protect you
in another crash. A new system will include air bag
1-43
Air Bag Off Switch
Your vehicle has a switch in the glove box that you can
use to turn off the passenger’s air bags. Your vehicle
will either have the Canadian switch design (A) or
the United States switch design (B).
Infant.An infant (less than 1 year old) must
ride in the front seat because:
• my vehicle has no rear seat;
• my vehicle has a rear seat too small to
accommodate a rear-facing infant seat; or
• the infant has a medical condition which, according
to the infant’s physician, makes it necessary for the
infant to ride in the front seat so that the driver
can constantly monitor the child’s condition.
Child age 1 to 12.A child age 1 to 12 must
ride in the front seat because:
• my vehicle has no rear seat;
• although children ages 1 to 12 ride in the rear
seat(s) whenever possible, children ages 1 to 12
sometimes must ride in the front because no space
is available in the rear seat(s) of my vehicle; or
• the child has a medical condition which, according
to the child’s physician, makes it necessary for the
child to ride in the front seat so that the driver
can constantly monitor the child’s condition.
This switch should only be turned to the off position if
the person in the passenger’s position is a member of a
passenger risk group identified by the national
government as follows:
1-44
Medical Condition.A passenger has a
medical condition which, according to his or
her physician:
• causes the passenger air bag to pose a special risk
for the passenger; and
• makes the potential harm from the passenger air
bag in a crash greater than the potential harm
from turning off the air bag and allowing the
passenger, even if belted, to hit the dashboard or
windshield in a crash.
{CAUTION:
If the passenger’s air bags are turned off for a
person who is not in a risk group identified by
the national government, that person will not
have the extra protection of the air bags. In a
crash, the air bags would not be able to inflate
and help protect the person sitting there. Do
not turn off the passenger’s air bags unless
the person sitting there is in a risk group.
United States
1-45
Canada
To turn off the passenger’s air bags, insert your vehicle
key into the switch, push in, and move the switch to
the off position.
1-46
The AIR BAG OFF light on the center console will come
on to let you know that the passenger’s air bags are
off. The passenger’s air bags will remain off until
you turn them back on again, and the AIR BAG OFF
light will stay on to remind you that the air bags are off.
United States
Canada
To turn the passenger’s air bags on again, insert your
vehicle key into the switch, push in, and move the switch
to the on position.
1-47
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped
Vehicle
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag system in several places
around your vehicle. You don’t want the system to
inflate while someone is working on your vehicle. Your
dealer and the service manual have information
about servicing your vehicle and the air bag system. To
purchase a service manual, see Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 7-11.
{CAUTION:
For up to 10 seconds after the vehicle is
turned off and the battery is disconnected, an
air bag can still inflate during improper
service. You can be injured if you are close to
an air bag when it inflates. Avoid yellow wires,
wires wrapped with yellow tape or yellow
connectors. They are probably part of the air
bag system. Be sure to follow proper service
procedures, and make sure the person
performing work for you is qualified to do so.
The air bag systems do not need regular maintenance.
1-48
Restraint System Check
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors
and anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from doing
its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt
is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
{CAUTION:
A crash can damage the restraint systems in
your vehicle. A damaged restraint system may
not properly protect the person using it,
resulting in serious injury or even death in a
crash. To help make sure your restraint
systems are working properly after a crash,
have them inspected and any necessary
replacements made as soon as possible.
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts or LATCH
system parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if
worn during a more severe crash, then you need
new parts.
If the LATCH system was being used during a more
severe crash, you may need new LATCH system parts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have LATCH
system, safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced.
New parts and repairs may be necessary even if the belt
or LATCH system wasn’t being used at the time of
the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier
in this section.
If the frontal air bags inflate, you will also need to
replace the driver’s and passenger’s safety belt buckle
assembly. Be sure to do so. Then the new buckle
assembly will be there to help protect you in a collision.
1-49
✍ NOTES
1-50
Section 2
Features and Controls
Keys ...............................................................2-2
Keyless Access System ...................................2-3
Keyless Access System Operation ....................2-4
Doors and Locks .............................................2-8
Door Locks ....................................................2-8
Power Door Locks ........................................2-10
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ..............2-10
Lockout Protection ........................................2-11
Leaving Your Vehicle ....................................2-11
Trunk ..........................................................2-11
Windows ........................................................2-14
Power Windows ............................................2-15
Sun Visors ...................................................2-16
Theft-Deterrent Systems ..................................2-17
Theft-Deterrent System ..................................2-17
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ................2-19
New Vehicle Break-In ....................................2-19
Ignition Positions ..........................................2-19
Starting Your Engine .....................................2-20
Engine Coolant Heater ..................................2-21
Automatic Transmission Operation ...................2-23
Parking Brake ..............................................2-26
Shifting Into Park (P) .....................................2-28
Shifting Out of Park (P) .................................2-30
Parking Over Things That Burn .......................2-31
Engine Exhaust ............................................2-31
Running Your Engine While You Are Parked ....2-32
Mirrors ...........................................................2-33
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar® ............................................2-33
Outside Power Heated Mirrors ........................2-33
Outside Automatic Dimming Mirror ..................2-34
Outside Curb View Assist Mirror .....................2-34
Outside Convex Mirror ...................................2-34
OnStar® System .............................................2-35
HomeLink® Transmitter ...................................2-37
Programming the HomeLink® Transmitter .........2-37
Storage Areas ................................................2-41
Glove Box ...................................................2-41
Cupholder(s) ................................................2-41
Center Console Storage Area .........................2-41
Map Pocket .................................................2-42
Floor Mats ...................................................2-42
Rear Storage Area ........................................2-43
Convenience Net ..........................................2-43
Retractable Hardtop ........................................2-44
Lowering the Retractable Hardtop ...................2-44
Raising the Retractable Hardtop ......................2-45
Vehicle Personalization ...................................2-53
Memory Seat, Mirrors and Steering Wheel .......2-53
2-1
Keys
{CAUTION:
Leaving children unattended in a vehicle is
dangerous, but it is even more dangerous if
the keyless access transmitter is also left in
the vehicle. A child or others could be badly
injured or even killed.
They could operate the power windows or
other controls or even make the vehicle move.
If they started the engine and moved the shift
lever out of PARK (P), that would release the
parking brake.
Don’t leave the keyless access transmitter in a
vehicle with children.
2-2
There is a key that works
the glove box and can
open the trunk if vehicle
power is lost. See Trunk on
page 2-11 for more
information.
In an emergency, contact Cadillac Roadside Assistance.
See Roadside Service on page 7-5.
If your vehicle is equipped with the OnStar® system,
OnStar® may be able to send a command to unlock your
vehicle if needed. If the vehicle battery is dead, On
Star will be unable to unlock the vehicle. See OnStar®
System on page 2-35 for more information.
Keyless Access System
Your vehicle has a Keyless Access system that operates
on a radio frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
Your vehicle has a keyless access system with
pushbutton start. See Ignition Positions on page 2-19
for information on starting the vehicle.
Notice: Your vehicle has a number of features that
can help prevent theft. You can have a lot of
trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever lose
your transmitters and/or key. You may even have to
damage your vehicle to get in. So be sure you
have a spare transmitter and/or key.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
2-3
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
If you ever notice a decrease in the remote keyless
entry transmitter range, try doing one of the following:
• Check the distance. You may be too far from
Keyless Access System Operation
Your vehicle has a keyless access system that
allows you to lock and unlock your doors, unlock
your trunk lid and disarm or arm your theft-deterrent
system. The range distance is as much as 100 feet
(30 m) away.
your vehicle. You may need to stand closer during
rainy or snowy weather.
Your vehicle comes
standard with two
transmitters, and up to four
can be matched to your
vehicle. See “Matching
Transmitter(s) to Your
Vehicle” later in this
section.
• Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may
be blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the
left or right, hold the transmitter higher, and
try again.
• Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See “Battery Replacement” under
Keyless Access System Operation on page 2-4.
• Check to make sure that an electronic device such
as a cellular phone or lap top computer is not
causing interference.
• If you’re still having trouble, see your dealer or a
qualified technician for service.
2-4
Q (Lock):
Press this button to lock the doors. The
light on the door will flash once. If this button is pressed
twice, the doors will lock, the light will flash once and
the horn will sound once.
K (Unlock): Press this button once to unlock the
driver’s door. The light on the door will flash twice.
Press the button twice within 10 seconds to unlock both
doors. If it’s dark enough outside, your interior lamps
will come on.
To match a new transmitter to your vehicle when you
have a recognized transmitter, do the following:
1. The vehicle must be off.
2. Have the recognized and new, unrecognized
transmitters on your person.
Your memory settings may also be recalled when you
press the unlock button on the keyless access
transmitter. See “Memory” in the Index for more
information.
3. Go to the rear of the vehicle and insert the vehicle
key into the key cylinder located on the lower rear
fascia on the driver’s side. See Trunk on
page 2-11 for more information on the key cylinder.
G (Trunk):
4. Turn the key five times within five seconds.
The trunk will open.
Press this button to open the trunk
while the engine is turned off or the shifter is in
PARK (P).
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your
Vehicle
Each keyless access transmitter is coded to prevent
another transmitter from working with your vehicle. If a
transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be
purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring any
remaining transmitters with you when you go to your
dealer. Once your dealer has coded the new transmitter,
the lost transmitter will not work with your vehicle.
Each vehicle can have a maximum of four transmitters
matched to it.
5. The DIC will display READY FOR FOB #X,
where X can be 2, 3 or 4.
6. Place the new, unrecognized transmitter in the
glove box transmitter pocket with the buttons
facing to the right.
7. Once the transmitter is programmed, a beep will
sound. The DIC will display READY FOR #X,
where X can be 3 or 4, or MAX # FOBS LEARNED.
8. Press the OFF/ACCESSORY button.
2-5
To match a new transmitter to your vehicle when you do
not have a recognized transmitter, do the following:
10. The DIC will read WAIT 10 MINUTES and will
count down to zero, one minute at a time.
1. The vehicle must be off.
11. The DIC will display OFF-ACC TO LEARN again.
2. Place the new, unrecognized transmitter in the
glove box transmitter pocket with the buttons
facing to the right.
12. Press the OFF/ACCESSORY button.
3. Go to the rear of the vehicle and insert the vehicle
key into the key cylinder located on the lower rear
fascia on the driver’s side. See Trunk on
page 2-11 for more information on the key cylinder.
14. A beep will sound and the DIC will read READY
FOR FOB #1. At this time, all previously know
transmitters have been erased.
4. Turn the key five times within five seconds.
The trunk will open.
5. The DIC message will display OFF-ACC
TO LEARN.
6. Press the OFF/ACCESSORY button.
7. The DIC will read WAIT 10 MINUTES and will
count down to zero, one minute at a time.
8. The DIC will display OFF-ACC TO LEARN again.
9. Press the OFF/ACCESSORY button.
2-6
13. The DIC will read WAIT 10 MINUTES and will
count down to zero, one minute at a time.
15. Once the transmitter is recognized and
programmed, a beep will sound and the DIC will
display READY FOR FOB #2.
If you have additional transmitters to program, take
transmitter 1 out of the transmitter pocket and place
transmitter 2 in the pocket. This can be done repeatedly
until up to four transmitters have be programmed.
The DIC will then display MAX # FOBS LEARNED and
will exit the programming mode.
When you are done programming transmitters, press
the OFF/ACCESSORY button.
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your keyless access
transmitter should last about three years.
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter won’t
work at the normal range in any location. If you have
to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it’s probably time to change the battery.
A weak battery may also cause the DIC to display NO
FOBS DETECTED when you try to start the vehicle.
If this happens, place the transmitter in the glove
box transmitter pocket with the buttons facing to the
right. Then, with the vehicle in PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N), press the brake pedal and the START
button. Although this will start the vehicle, it is
recommended that you replace the transmitter battery
as soon as possible. The DIC may display FOB
BATTERY LOW.
Notice: When replacing the battery, use care not to
touch any of the circuitry. Static from your body
transferred to these surfaces may damage the
transmitter.
1. Insert a coin or similar object into the slot on the
back of the transmitter and gently pry apart the
front and back.
2. Gently pull the battery out of the transmitter.
3. Put the new battery in the transmitter, positive (+)
side up. Use a battery, type CR2032, or equivalent.
4. Reassemble the transmitter. Make sure to put
it together so water won’t get in.
5. Test the transmitter.
2-7
Doors and Locks
Door Locks
{CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
• Passengers — especially children — can
easily open the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door is locked it
will not open. You increase the chance of
being thrown out of the vehicle in a crash
if the doors are not locked. So, wear safety
belts properly and lock the doors
whenever you drive.
• Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out. A child
can be overcome by extreme heat and can
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle
whenever you leave it.
• Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down or
stop your vehicle. Locking your doors can
help prevent this from happening.
2-8
To lock or unlock your vehicle from the outside, use the
keyless access transmitter and press the appropriate
lock or unlock button. You may also unlock and open the
door passively when you squeeze the door handle
sensor, as long as you have your transmitter with you.
Passive entry occurs when the door handle sensor
is pressed and the vehicle recognizes your keyless
access transmitter. When the passenger door is opened
first, the driver’s door will also become unlocked.
From the inside, use the power door lock buttons located
at the top of the door panel near the window. See
“Power Door Locks” following for more information.
To open a door from the inside, press the button in front
of the door handle and push the door open.
If power to the vehicle or the keyless access transmitter
is lost, there are two ways to open the door.
If you are inside the vehicle, use the door release
handle located on the floor next to each seat. Pull the
handle up to unlock and unlatch the door.
If you are outside the vehicle, there is a door release
tab in the trunk. The tab is located behind a panel on the
driver’s side of the trunk. Pull the handle to unlock
and unlatch the driver’s door. See Trunk on page 2-11
for information on opening the trunk during a loss of
power.
2-9
Power Door Locks
The power door lock
switches are located on
the door panels near
the windows.
When the unlock portion of the button is pressed and
the door is closed, a beep will sound and the light
will flash twice. When the button is pressed and the door
is open, a beep will sound and the light will flash
continuously.
Programmable Automatic Door
Locks
Your vehicle is programmed so that, when the doors are
closed, the ignition is on and the shift lever is moved
out of PARK (P), all the doors will lock. The doors
will unlock every time you stop the vehicle and move
the shift lever into PARK (P).
K (Unlock):
Press this portion of the button to unlock
the doors.
Q (Lock):
Press this portion of the button to lock
the doors.
There is an indicator light on the rear of the door near
the window.
When the lock portion of the button is pressed and the
door is closed, a beep will sound and the light will
come on for a few seconds, then turn off. If the button is
pressed and the door is open, a beep will sound and
the light will stay on continuously.
2-10
If someone needs to get out while your vehicle is not in
PARK (P), have the person use the power door lock
switch. When the door is closed again, the doors
will lock either when your foot is removed from the
brake or the vehicle speed becomes faster than
3 mph (5 km/h).
With the vehicle in PARK (P) and the engine running,
the door locks can be programmed through prompts
displayed on the Driver Information Center (DIC). These
prompts allow the driver to choose various lock and
unlock settings. For programming information, see DIC
Vehicle Personalization on page 3-68.
Lockout Protection
Your vehicle can be programmed to sound the horn
three times and unlock the driver’s door when both
doors are closed and there is a keyless access
transmitter inside the interior of the vehicle. When the
driver’s door is reopened, the key in reminder chime will
sound continuously. The vehicle will remain locked
only when at least one transmitter has been removed
from the vehicle and both doors are closed. See
DIC Vehicle Personalization on page 3-68.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, take your keyless access
transmitter with you, open your door and set the
locks from inside or with the keyless access transmitter.
Then get out and close the door.
The vehicle can also be programmed to have the doors
lock automatically when you exit the vehicle. See
DIC Vehicle Personalization on page 3-68.
Trunk
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the trunk lid
open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can
come into your vehicle. You can not see or
smell CO. It can cause unconsciousness and
even death. If you must drive with the trunk lid
open or if electrical wiring or other cable
connections must pass through the seal
between the body and the trunk lid:
• Make sure all other windows are shut.
• Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed and select the
control setting that will force outside air
into your vehicle. See Climate Control
System in the Index.
• If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See Engine Exhaust on page 2-31.
2-11
Trunk Lock Release
Press the button to open the trunk. To use this feature,
your vehicle must be in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)
and the valet lockout switch must be off.
{CAUTION:
You can also press the button with the trunk symbol on
the keyless access transmitter to open the trunk. To
disable this feature, see “Valet Lockout Switch” under
Theft-Deterrent Systems on page 2-17.
Moving parts of the powered trunk lid can be
dangerous. You or others could be injured.
Keep yourself and others away from the trunk
lid and its mechanism while it is closing.
The trunk lock release
button is located to the left
of the steering wheel on
the instrument panel.
2-12
You may passively enter the trunk when you squeeze
the trunk release sensor located on the rear of the trunk
lid under the emblem, as long as you have your
transmitter with you. The vehicle must be in PARK (P)
and the valet lockout switch must be off.
To close the trunk, press
the button on the
underside of the trunk lid.
To stop the trunk lid while it is closing, do one of the
following:
• Press the trunk lock release button located on the
instrument panel.
If the vehicle has lost
battery power, you can
still open the trunk
using the key.
• Use the key cylinder on the rear fascia.
• Squeeze the trunk release sensor located on the
rear of the trunk lid.
• Press the button with the trunk symbol on the
keyless access transmitter.
• Press the trunk close button on the underside of the
trunk lid.
To begin opening the trunk from the stopped position,
use any of the methods above, except pressing the trunk
close button.
The key cylinder is located behind a cover on the lower
rear fascia on the driver’s side of the vehicle. Use
the key to pry open the door to access the key cylinder.
To resume closing the power trunk lid, press the trunk
close button on the underside of the trunk lid.
2-13
Emergency Trunk Release Handle
Windows
{CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the windows
closed is dangerous. A child can be overcome
by the extreme heat and can suffer permanent
injuries or even death from heat stroke. Never
leave a child alone in a vehicle, especially with
the windows closed in warm or hot weather.
Notice: Using the emergency trunk release handle
as a tie-down or anchor point when securing
items in the trunk may damage it. Use the
emergency trunk release handle only to help you
open the trunk lid.
There is a glow-in-the-dark emergency trunk release
handle located inside the trunk near the latch. This
handle will glow following exposure to light. Pull
the release handle and push up on the trunk lid to
release the latch from the inside.
2-14
Power Windows
The power window
switches are located on
each door near the
armrest.
Press the up or down arrows on the switches to raise or
lower the windows.
Your vehicle has Retained Accessory Power (RAP) that
allows you to use the power windows once the
ignition has been turned off. For more information, see
“Retained Accessory Power” under Ignition Positions
on page 2-19.
2-15
After a power reconnect such as battery replacement,
the express-up feature will not function until the
system is reinitialized. To reinitialize the express-up
once power is restored, do the following:
1. Close the door.
Express-Up Window
This feature is on both power windows. Press the up
arrow on the switch to the second position to activate the
express-up feature. If you want to stop the window as
it is raising, press the switch again.
2. Raise the window by holding the up arrow on the
power window switch.
Window Indexing
3. Hold the up arrow for three seconds after the
window is closed. Release the switch. Then hold the
up arrow again for three seconds.
This feature automatically lowers the window a small
amount when the door is opened. Then, when the door
is closed, the window will raise to its full up position.
The windows will not index while the retractable hardtop
is stowed.
If the express-up system has not been reinitialized, the
windows cannot be raised with the door open.
Express-Down Window
Sun Visors
This feature is on both power windows. Press the down
arrow on the switch to the second position to activate
the express-down feature. If you want to stop the
window as it is lowering, press the switch again.
Swing down the visor to block out glare. It can also be
detached from the center mount and moved to the side.
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirrors
Swing the visor down and lift the cover. The lamp will
automatically come on when the cover is opened.
2-16
Theft-Deterrent Systems
Arming the System
Vehicle theft is big business, expecially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make it
impossible to steal. However, there are ways you
can help.
Use one of the two following items listed here to arm
the system:
• Press the lock button on the keyless access
transmitter.
• Open the door. Lock the door with the power door
Theft-Deterrent System
Your vehicle is equipped with a theft-deterrent alarm
system.
With this system, the
security light will flash
when the door is open and
locked with the power
door lock switch.
If this light is on continuously while the engine is
running, your vehicle needs service.
•
lock switch. The SECURITY light should flash.
Close the door. The SECURITY light will stop
flashing and stay on. After 30 seconds, the light
should turn off.
The vehicle can be programmed to automatically
lock the doors when you exit the vehicle. See
DIC Vehicle Personalization on page 3-68.
Now, if a door or the trunk lid is opened without the
keyless access transmitter, the alarm will go off. Your
horn will sound for two minutes, then it will go off to save
battery power. And, your vehicle won’t start without a
keyless transmitter present.
The theft-deterrent system won’t arm if you lock the
driver’s door with the power door lock switch after the
doors are closed.
If your passenger stays in the vehicle when you leave
with the keyless access transmitter, have the passenger
lock the vehicle after the doors are closed. This way
the alarm won’t arm, and your passenger won’t set it off.
2-17
Testing the Alarm
Do the following to test the system:
1. Make sure the trunk lid is latched.
2. Lower the window on the driver’s door.
Valet Lockout Switch
The valet lockout switch
is located inside the
glove box.
3. Manually arm the system.
4. Close the doors and wait 30 seconds.
5. Reach through the open window and manually pull
the release lever on the floor.
6. Turn off the alarm by pressing the unlock button on
the transmitter.
If the alarm is inoperative, check to see if the horn
works. If not, check the horn fuse. See Fuses and Circuit
Breakers on page 5-85. If the horn works, but the
alarm doesn’t go off, see your dealer.
Disarming the System
Always use your keyless access transmitter to unlock a
door either by pressing the unlock button on the
transmitter or by squeezing the door handle sensor
while you have the transmitter with you. Unlocking a
door any other way will set off the alarm. If your alarm
sounds, press the unlock button on the keyless
access transmitter to disarm it.
2-18
Press the switch to ON to disable the use of the trunk
and convertible top. The trunk cannot be opened except
by using the key if the valet lockout is on.
Press the switch to OFF to enable the use of the trunk
and convertible top.
Locking the glove box with your key will also help to
secure your vehicle.
Starting and Operating Your
Vehicle
Ignition Positions
Your vehicle has an
electronic keyless ignition
with pushbutton start.
New Vehicle Break-In
Notice: Your vehicle does not need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in the long run
if you follow these guidelines:
• Keep your speed at 55 mph (88 km/h) or less for
the first 500 miles (805 km).
• Do not drive at any one speed — fast or
slow — for the first 500 miles (805 km). Do not
make full-throttle starts.
• Avoid making hard stops for the first 200 miles
(322 km) or so. During this time your new
brake linings are not yet broken in. Hard stops
with new linings can mean premature wear
and earlier replacement. Follow this breaking-in
guideline every time you get new brake
linings.
/ (START):
Press this button while your foot is
on the brake to start the engine. The keyless access
transmitter must be in the vehicle for the ignition to work.
9 ACC (OFF/ACCESSORY):
When the engine is
on or in ACCESSORY, press this button to turn
the engine off and place the vehicle in RAP. See
“Retained Accessory Power (RAP)” following for more
information.
2-19
When the engine is off, press this button to place the
vehicle in ACCESSORY mode. ACCESSORY
MODE ACTIVE will display on the Driver Information
Center (DIC). This mode allows you to use things
like the radio and the windshield wipers while the engine
is off. Use ACCESSORY if you must have your vehicle
in motion while the engine is off, for example, if your
vehicle is being pushed or towed. If the door is
open while in ACCESSORY, the key in reminder chime
will sound continuously.
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
The following accessories on your vehicle may be used
for up to 10 minutes after the engine is turned off:
• Radio
• Power Windows
• Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Power to these accessories stops after 10 minutes or if
a door is opened. If you want power for another
10 minutes, close all the doors and press the
OFF/ACCESSORY button to place the vehicle in
ACCESSORY mode. Press the button again and the
vehicle will return to RAP.
2-20
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position – that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
The keyless access transmitter must be in the vehicle
for the ignition to work.
Notice: Do not try to shift to PARK (P) if your
vehicle is moving. If you do, you could damage the
transmission. Shift to PARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
1. With your foot on the brake pedal, press the
START button. When the engine begins cranking,
let go of the button. The idle speed will go down as
your engine gets warm.
If the battery in the keyless access transmitter is
weak, the DIC will display FOB BATTERY
LOW. You can still drive the vehicle. See “Battery
Replacement” under Keyless Access System
Operation on page 2-4 for more information.
Notice: Holding the button in for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause the battery to be
drained much sooner. This can also cause damage
to the starter motor. Wait 15 seconds between
each try to avoid draining your vehicle’s battery or
damaging the starter.
2. If the engine doesn’t start and no DIC message is
displayed, wait 15 seconds before trying again.
Notice: Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way the
engine operates. Before adding electrical equipment,
check with your dealer. If you do not, your engine
might not perform properly.
Stopping Your Engine
Move the shift lever to PARK (P) and press the
OFF/ACCESSORY button. If the shifter is not in
PARK (P), the vehicle will go into ACCESSORY mode
and the DIC will display SHIFT TO PARK. Once the
shifter is moved to PARK (P), the vehicle will turn off.
If the keyless access transmitter is not detected
while going to off, the DIC will display NO FOB, OFF
OR RUN.
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-59 for
more information.
Engine Coolant Heater
Your vehicle may be equipped with an engine coolant
heater.
In very cold weather, 0°F (−18°C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier starting
and better fuel economy during engine warm-up.
Usually, the coolant heater should be plugged in a
minimum of four hours prior to starting your vehicle. At
temperatures above 32°F (0°C), use of the coolant
heater is not required.
2-21
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
The electrical cord is located on the driver’s side
of the engine, behind the transaxle dipstick/fluid fill
location (C) and next to the engine.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
{CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the
wrong kind of extension cord could overheat
and cause a fire. You could be seriously
injured. Plug the cord into a properly grounded
three-prong 110-volt AC outlet. If the cord will
not reach, use a heavy-duty three-prong
extension cord rated for at least 15 amps.
2-22
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and
store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts. If you don’t, it could be
damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead
of trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for that
particular area.
Automatic Transmission Operation
{CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
There are several different positions for your shift lever.
PARK (P): This position locks your rear wheels. It’s
the best position to use when you start your engine
because your vehicle can’t move easily.
Do not leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured. To
be sure your vehicle will not move, even when
you are on fairly level ground, always set your
parking brake and move the shift lever to
PARK (P). See Shifting Into Park (P) on
page 2-28.
Be sure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before
starting the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic
transmission shift lock control system.
2-23
You have to fully apply your regular brakes before you
can shift from PARK (P) when the vehicle is running.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure
on the shift lever and push the shift lever all the way
into PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear you wish. See
Shifting Out of Park (P) on page 2-30.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle
is moving forward could damage the transmission.
The repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is
stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transmission,
see If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow on
page 4-31.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine doesn’t
connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re already
moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
{CAUTION:
Shifting into a drive gear while your engine is
running at high speed is dangerous. Unless
your foot is firmly on the brake pedal, your
vehicle could move very rapidly. You could
lose control and hit people or objects. Do not
shift into a drive gear while your engine is
running at high speed.
Notice: Shifting our of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)
with the engine racing may damage the
transmission. The repairs would not be covered by
your warranty. Be sure the engine is not racing
when shifting your vehicle.
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D): This position is for
normal driving.
Notice: Spinning the tires or holding the vehicle in
one place on a hill using only the accelerator
pedal may damage the transmission. If you are
stuck, do not spin the tires. When stopping on a hill,
use the brakes to hold the vehicle in place.
Maximum engine speed is limited to protect driveline
components from improper operation.
2-24
Driver Shift Control
The driver shift control feature gives you more manual
control over the operation of the transmission.
To use this feature,
move the shift lever
from the AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE (D) position
to the left and into the
driver shift control gate.
The currently selected gear will be remembered as the
selected gear range and will be displayed on the
DIC, or HUD, if equipped. See DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 3-59 or Head-Up Display (HUD) on
page 3-29.
The gear range indicated in the DIC or HUD is only a
requested range of available gears. It does not indicate
that the vehicle will operate only in that specific gear.
The actual gear the vehicle will choose depends
on a combination of the driver-requested gear range,
vehicle speed and throttle position.
If you do not upshift as the engine approaches the
redline engine rpm for the selected gear range,
an engine speed limiter will prevent over-revving by
limiting the engine rpm available. No automatic upshift
will occur until you request it. Operating the engine
for extended periods of time against the speed limiter is
not recommended.
A plus symbol will also appear on the shift console
above the AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D) indicator and
minus symbol will appear below the indicator.
To request an upshift, briefly move the shift lever up
toward the plus symbol. To request a downshift, briefly
move the shift lever down toward the minus symbol.
The Driver Information Center (DIC), or Head-Up
Display (HUD) if equipped, will display the change in
gear range, though the actual upshift or downshift may
be delayed until the engine speed is correct for the
requested gear range.
Not all manual downshift requests will be accepted by
the transmission. To prevent over-revving the engine,
each gear range has a maximum vehicle speed
associated with it. Any downshift request above this
speed will be ignored by the transmission.
2-25
Some automatic downshifts may occur to maintain
minimum engine speed. This will only occur if you leave
the vehicle in too high of a gear range for the speed
the vehicle is traveling. For example, if you have been
driving in fifth gear range and come to a stop without
manually downshifting, fifth gear range will continue to
display in the DIC or HUD. The transmission will
automatically downshift to second gear. As you begin
to drive and accelerate, the transmission will
automatically upshift as quickly as possible to the
selected fifth gear range.
Parking Brake
The parking brake pedal is
located to the left of the
regular brake pedal,
near the driver’s door.
In higher gear ranges, an automatic downshift will occur
if you press the accelerator pedal to the floor. This
feature provides you with adequate acceleration
capabilities if you forget to downshift manually.
Automatic upshifts and downshifts will not display in the
DIC or HUD.
Driver shift control is available while the cruise control is
engaged. The shift behavior of the transmission will
react differently than when cruise control is not engaged.
This is not a malfunction and is necessary to allow
proper operation of the cruise control.
To return to fully automatic operation, move the shift
lever to the right and back into the AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE (D) position.
2-26
To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal
down with your right foot and push the parking brake
pedal down with your left foot.
If the ignition is running, the parking brake indicator light
on the instrument panel cluster should come on. If it
doesn’t, you need to have your vehicle serviced.
When you move out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) and
the engine is running, the parking brake should
release. If the parking brake has not been fully released
and you try to drive off with the parking brake on, the
parking brake indicator light will come on and stay on.
If the parking brake doesn’t fully release, you can
manually release the pedal. However, be sure to read
the following paragraphs:
{CAUTION:
Always shift to PARK (P) before pulling the
manual release lever. If your hand or arm is in
the way of the pedal you could be hurt. The
pedal springs back quickly. Keep your hand
and arm away when you use the manual
release lever.
Before releasing the manual parking brake, be sure to
put the vehicle in PARK (P) and turn the ignition off.
Reach under the driver’s side of the instrument panel
and pull down on the manual release lever, which
is located behind the parking brake pedal. Pull down on
the yellow tab as shown by the arrow in the illustration.
If the parking brake does not release, you should
have your vehicle towed to your dealer for service.
2-27
Notice: Driving with the parking brake on can
overheat the brake system and cause premature
wear or damage to brake system parts. Verify that
the parking brake is fully released and the brake
warning light is off before driving.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on a hill, see
Towing a Trailer on page 4-37.
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake.
2. Move the shift lever
into PARK (P) by
pushing the lever all
the way toward
the front of the vehicle.
Shifting Into Park (P)
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with
the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can
roll. If you have left the engine running, the
vehicle can move suddenly. You or others
could be injured. To be sure your vehicle will
not move, even when you are on fairly level
ground, use the steps that follow.
2-28
3. Turn the ignition off.
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with
the engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set.
And, if you leave the vehicle with the engine
running, it could overheat and even catch fire.
You or others could be injured. Do not leave
your vehicle with the engine running.
Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transmission into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl
in the transmission. You may find it difficult to pull the
shift lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque
lock.” To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and
then shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave
the driver’s seat. To find out how, see “Shifting
Into PARK (P)” listed previously in this section.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
pressure from the parking pawl in the transmission, so
you can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into PARK (P), hold down
the regular brake pedal. See if you can move the
shift lever away from PARK (P) without first pulling it
toward you. If you can, it means that the shift lever
wasn’t fully locked into PARK (P).
2-29
Shifting Out of Park (P)
If you ever hold the brake pedal down but still can’t shift
out of PARK (P), try this:
Your vehicle has an automatic transmission shift lock
control system. You have to fully apply your regular
brake before you can shift from PARK (P) when
the vehicle is running. See Automatic Transmission
Operation on page 2-23.
1. Press the ACCESSORY button twice to place the
ignition in accessory mode.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever – push the shift lever all the way into
PARK (P) and release the shift lever button as
you maintain brake application. Then press the shift
lever button and move the shift lever into the gear
you wish.
4. Start the engine and then shift to the drive gear
you want.
2-30
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
5. Have your vehicle inspected by your dealer as soon
as possible.
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Do not
park over papers, leaves, dry grass or other
things that can burn.
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can not see
or smell. It can cause unconsciousness and
death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
• Your exhaust system sounds strange or
different.
• Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
• Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
• Your vehicle was damaged when driving
over high points on the road or over road
debris.
• Repairs were not done correctly.
• Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
• Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
• Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
2-31
Running Your Engine While You
Are Parked
It is better not to park with the engine running. But if
you ever have to, here are some things to know.
{CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle. See the earlier Caution under
Engine Exhaust on page 2-31.
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if
the climate control fan is at the highest setting.
One place this can happen is a garage.
Exhaust — with CO — can come in easily.
NEVER park in a garage with the engine
running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See Winter Driving on page 4-28.
2-32
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with
the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can
roll. Do not leave your vehicle when the engine
is running unless you have to. If you have left
the engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle will not move, even
when you are on fairly level ground, always
set your parking brake and move the shift
lever to PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle will not
move. See Shifting Into Park (P) on page 2-28.
Mirrors
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar®
Your vehicle has an automatic dimming inside rearview
mirror. The mirror also contains OnStar® controls.
For more information about OnStar®, see OnStar®
System on page 2-35.
Outside Power Heated Mirrors
The power mirror control is
on the driver’s door
armrest and controls the
driver’s side and
passenger’s side mirrors.
O (On/Off): This button, located on the lower left side
of the mirror, is for the automatic dimming functions.
Mirror Operation
The automatic dimming feature is active each time the
vehicle is started.
To turn the automatic dimming feature on or off, press
and release the on/off button. The indicator light will
illuminate when this feature is active.
Cleaning the Mirror
When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or similar
material dampened with glass cleaner. Do not spray
glass cleaner directly on the mirror as that may cause
the liquid cleaner to enter the mirror housing.
Move the selector switch to the left or right to choose
the driver’s side or passenger’s side mirror, then use the
arrows located on the four-way control pad to adjust
the position of the mirror. Return the selector switch to
the center position when finished adjusting. This will
prevent unwanted mirror movement in case the control
pad is accidentally bumped while driving.
Your preferred mirror position can be stored with the
memory option. See Memory Seat, Mirrors and Steering
Wheel on page 2-53.
For operation of the heated outside mirrors, see “Rear
Window Defogger” under Dual Climate Control
System on page 3-35.
2-33
Outside Automatic Dimming Mirror
The driver’s side mirror will adjust for the glare of
headlamps behind you. This feature is controlled by the
on and off settings on the inside automatic dimming
rearview mirror. See Automatic Dimming Rearview
Mirror with OnStar® on page 2-33.
When the vehicle is shifted out of REVERSE (R) and a
five-second delay has occurred, the passenger’s
side mirror will return to its original position.
This feature can be enabled/disabled through the Driver
Information Center (DIC). See “Park Assist” under
DIC Vehicle Personalization on page 3-68 for more
information.
Outside Curb View Assist Mirror
Outside Convex Mirror
The passenger’s side mirror is also capable of
performing the curb view assist feature. This feature will
cause the mirror to tilt to a factory programmed
position when the vehicle is in REVERSE (R). This
feature may be useful in allowing you to view the curb
when you are parallel parking.
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from the
driver’s seat.
If further adjustment is needed after the mirror is tilted,
the mirror switch may be used. The mirror will then
return to this new position when the vehicle is shifted
into REVERSE (R).
2-34
{CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder
before changing lanes.
OnStar® System
OnStar® Services
One of the following plans is normally included for a
specific duration with each vehicle equipped with
OnStar®. You can upgrade or extend your OnStar®
service plan to meet your needs.
OnStar® uses global positioning system (GPS) satellite
technology, wireless communications, and call centers
to provide you with a wide range of safety, security,
information and convenience services.
A complete OnStar® user’s guide and the terms and
conditions of the OnStar® Subscription Service
Agreement are included in your vehicle’s glove box
literature. For more information, visit www.onstar.com,
contact OnStar® at 1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827),
or press the blue OnStar® button to speak to an
OnStar® advisor 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
A completed Subscription Service Agreement is required
prior to delivery of OnStar® services and prepaid
calling minutes are also required for OnStar® Personal
Calling and OnStar® Virtual Advisor use. Terms and
conditions of the Subscription Service Agreement can be
found at www.onstar.com.
Safe and Sound Plan
• Automatic Notification of Air Bag Deployment
• Emergency Services
• Roadside Assistance
• Stolen Vehicle Assistance
• AccidentAssist
• Remote Door Unlock
• Remote Diagnostics
• Online Concierge
Directions and Connections Plan
• All Safe and Sound Plan services
• Route Support
• RideAssist
• Information and Convenience Services
2-35
Luxury and Leisure Plan
• All Direction and Connections Plan services
• Personal Concierge
OnStar® Personal Calling
With OnStar® Personal Calling, you have a safer way to
stay connected while driving. It’s a hands-free wireless
phone that’s integrated into your vehicle. You can place
calls nationwide using voice-activated dialing with no
contracts and no additional roaming charges. To find out
more about OnStar® Personal Calling, refer to the
OnStar® user’s guide in your vehicle’s glove box, or call
OnStar® at 1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827).
OnStar® Steering Wheel Controls
You can use the steering wheel controls with OnStar®.
The controls are located
on the left side of the
steering wheel.
OnStar® Virtual Advisor
With OnStar® Virtual Advisor you can listen to the news,
entertainment and informative topics, such as traffic
and weather reports. You are able to listen and reply to
your e-mail through your vehicle’s speakers.
2-36
Press the top part of the Talk button to use the voice
activated keypad while in a call using OnStar® Personal
Calling. For more information, refer to the OnStar®
user’s guide in your vehicle’s glove box, or call OnStar®
at 1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827).
HomeLink® Transmitter
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
Changes and modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization
to use this equipment.
Programming the HomeLink®
Transmitter
HomeLink®, a combined universal transmitter and
receiver, provides a way to replace up to three
hand−held transmitters used to activate devices such as
gate operators, garage door openers, entry door
locks, security systems and home lighting. Additional
Homelink® information can be found on the internet at
www.homelink.com or by calling 1−800−355−3515.
Do not use the HomeLink® Transmitter with any garage
door opener that does not have the “stop and reverse”
feature. This includes any garage door opener model
manufactured before April 1, 1982. If you have a newer
garage door opener with rolling codes, please be
sure to follow steps 6 through 8 to complete the
programming of your HomeLink® Transmitter.
If your vehicle is equipped with the HomeLink®
Transmitter, it complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Read the instructions completely before attempting to
program the HomeLink® Transmitter. Because of
the steps involved, it may be helpful to have another
person available to assist you in programming the
transmitter.
2-37
Keep the original transmitter for use in other vehicles as
well as for future HomeLink® programming. It is also
recommended that upon the sale of the vehicle,
the programmed HomeLink® buttons should be erased
for security purposes. Refer to “Erasing HomeLink®
Buttons” or, for assistance, contact HomeLink® on the
internet at: www.homelink.com or by calling
1-800-355-3515.
3. Simultaneously press and hold both the desired
button on HomeLink® and the hand-held transmitter
button. Do not release the buttons until Step 4
has been completed.
Some entry gates and garage door openers may
require you to substitute Step 3 with the procedure
noted in “Gate Operator and Canadian
Programming” later in this section.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the garage
door or gate operator you are programming. When
programming a garage door, it is advised to park outside
of the garage.
4. The indicator light will flash slowly at first and then
rapidly after HomeLink® successfully receives the
frequency signal from the hand-held transmitter.
Release both buttons.
It is recommended that a new battery be installed in
your hand-held transmitter for quicker and more
accurate transmission of the radio frequency.
5. Press and hold the newly-trained HomeLink® button
and observe the indicator light.
If the indicator light stays on constantly,
programming is complete and your device should
activate when the HomeLink® button is pressed and
released.
To program the remaining two HomeLink® buttons,
begin with Step 2 under “Programming HomeLink®.”
Do not repeat Step 1 as this will erase all of the
programmed channels.
If the indicator light blinks rapidly for two seconds
and then turns to a constant light, continue with
Steps 6 through 8 following to complete the
programming of a rolling-code equipped device
(most commonly, a garage door opener).
Your vehicle’s engine should be turned off while
programming the transmitter. Follow these steps to
program up to three channels:
1. Press and hold down the two outside buttons,
releasing only when the indicator light begins to
flash, after 20 seconds. Do not hold down the
buttons for longer than 30 seconds and do not
repeat this step to program a second and/or third
transmitter to the remaining two HomeLink® buttons.
2. Position the end of your hand-held transmitter about
1 to 3 inches (3 to 8 cm) away from the HomeLink®
buttons while keeping the indicator light in view.
2-38
6. Locate in the garage, the garage door opener
receiver (motor-head unit). Locate the “Learn”
or “Smart” button. This can usually be found where
the hanging antenna wire is attached to the
motor-head unit.
7. Firmly press and release the “Learn” or “Smart”
button. The name and color of the button may
vary by manufacturer.
You will have 30 seconds to start Step 8.
8. Return to the vehicle. Firmly press and hold the
programmed HomeLink® button for two seconds,
then release. Repeat the press/hold/release
sequence a second time, and depending on the
brand of the garage door opener (or other rolling
code device), repeat this sequence a third time
to complete the programming.
HomeLink® should now activate your rolling-code
equipped device.
To program the remaining two HomeLink® buttons,
begin with Step 2 of “Programming HomeLink®.”
Do not repeat Step 1.
Gate Operator and Canadian
Programming
Canadian radio-frequency laws require transmitter
signals to “time out” or quit after several seconds of
transmission. This may not be long enough for
HomeLink® to pick up the signal during programming.
Similarly, some U.S. gate operators are manufactured to
“time out” in the same manner.
If you live in Canada, or you are having difficulty
programming a gate operator by using the
“Programming HomeLink®” procedures (regardless of
where you live), replace Step 3 under “Programming
HomeLink®” with the following:
Continue to press and hold the HomeLink® button while
you press and release every two seconds (cycle)
your hand-held transmitter until the frequency signal has
been successfully accepted by HomeLink®. The
indicator light will flash slowly at first and then rapidly.
Proceed with Step 4 under “Programming HomeLink®”
to complete.
2-39
Using HomeLink®
Press and hold the appropriate HomeLink® button for at
least half of a second. The indicator light will come
on while the signal is being transmitted.
Erasing HomeLink® Buttons
To erase programming from the three buttons do the
following:
1. Press and hold down the two outside buttons until
the indicator light begins to flash, after 20 seconds.
2. Release both buttons. Do not hold for longer than
30 seconds.
HomeLink® is now in the train (learning) mode and can
be programmed at any time beginning with Step 2
under “Programming HomeLink®.”
Individual buttons can not be erased, but they can be
reprogrammed. See “Reprogramming a Single
HomeLink® Button” next.
Reprogramming a Single HomeLink®
Button
To program a device to HomeLink® using a HomeLink®
button previously trained, follow these steps:
1. Press and hold the desired HomeLink® button.
Do not release the button.
2. The indicator light will begin to flash after
20 seconds. While still holding the HomeLink®
button, proceed with Step 2 under “Programming
HomeLink®.”
Resetting Defaults
To reset HomeLink® to default settings do the following:
1. Hold down the two outside buttons for about
20 seconds until the indicator light begins to flash.
2. Continue to hold both buttons until the HomeLink®
indicator light turns off.
3. Release both buttons.
For questions or comments, contact HomeLink® at
1-800-355-3515, or on the internet at
www.homelink.com.
2-40
Storage Areas
Center Console Storage Area
Glove Box
There is a center console storage area located between
the seats. To open this storage area, pull up the lid
on the front edge of the console and swing it rearward.
The glove box is located in front of the passenger’s seat
on the instrument panel. To lock the glove box door,
insert the key into the lock cylinder and turn it clockwise.
Turn the key counterclockwise to unlock the door.
Cupholder(s)
The cupholders are located under a lid in the front
console to the right of the shift lever. Press the left side
of the lid and it will open automatically.
There is also an upright center console storage area
between the seatbacks. To open the storage area, press
and release the button near the top so it extends out.
Then, turn the button in either direction to unlatch the lid
and pull the console lid down. After you close the lid,
press the release button back in.
2-41
Map Pocket
The map/storage pockets are located on each door
behind a cover.
Floor Mats
Your vehicle’s floor mats are specially designed to
remain in position under your feet and out of reach of
the accelerator pedal. The driver’s side floor mat is held
in place by two snaps and the passenger’s side is
held in place by one.
How to Remove and Replace the
Floor Mats
To remove the floor mats,
pull up on the rear of the
mat to disconnect from
the snaps.
Be sure that the driver’s side floor mat is properly
placed on the floor so that it does not block the
movement of the accelerator pedal.
To reinstall the floor mats, line up the openings in the
floor mat over the snaps and push down into place.
2-42
Rear Storage Area
Then, swing the cover up and place the pins on each
side of the cover into the notches (A) on either side
of the trunk.
There is also a storage compartment located in the
trunk on the passenger’s side.
To access the storage compartment, unsnap the lid. To
reinstall the lid, line up the opening in the lid over the
snap and push down into place.
Convenience Net
Your vehicle is equipped with a convenience net. The
net attaches to the floor of the trunk. Put small
loads, like grocery bags, behind the net. It can help
keep them from falling over during sharp turns or quick
starts and stops.
There is a cargo cover located in the trunk to keep
cargo from getting in the way of the retractable hardtop.
The cargo cover must be in place for the top to move.
To install the cargo cover, snap the bottom of the cover
onto the snaps (B) located on the floor of the trunk.
The net is not for larger, heavier loads. Store them
in the trunk as far forward as you can. When not using
the net, hook the net to the tabs securing it to the
sill plate.
2-43
Retractable Hardtop
Lowering the Retractable Hardtop
The following procedures explain the proper operation
of the retractable hardtop. The top will not operate if the
valet lockout switch is on.
Notice: Leaving the convertible top down and
exposing the interior of your vehicle to outdoor
conditions may cause damage. Always close
the convertible top if leaving your vehicle outdoors.
If you are lowering or raising the convertible top multiple
times, the engine should be running while doing so to
prevent drain on the vehicle’s battery.
1. Park on a level surface and shift the transmission
into PARK (P).
2. The vehicle must be running or in accessory mode.
{CAUTION:
Moving parts of the retractable hardtop can be
dangerous. People can be injured by the
hardtop and its mechanism. Keep people away
from your vehicle when you are lowering or
raising the top.
3. Lower both sun visors.
Notice: Raising or lowering the top while the
vehicle is in motion can cause damage to the top or
top mechanism. Make sure the vehicle is in
PARK (P) to lower or raise the top.
Notice: Lowering the top if it is damp, wet, or dirty
can cause stains, mildew, and damage to the
inside of your vehicle. Dry off the top before
lowering it.
Notice: If you lower the top on your vehicle in cold
weather (0°F/-18°C or lower), you may damage
top components. Do not lower the convertible top in
cold weather.
2-44
4. Make sure that nothing or no one is on or around
the top. Make sure the trunk cargo cover is in
place with nothing on top or in front of the cargo
cover. See Rear Storage Area on page 2-43
for more information. Also, make sure the valet
lockout switch is off.
5. Push and hold the
bottom of the
retractable hardtop
button located on the
console behind the
shifter lever. The
windows will
automatically lower and
the top will
automatically lower into
the storage area. A
chime will sound when
the top has lowered
completely.
Raising the Retractable Hardtop
1. Park on a level surface. Shift the transmission
into PARK (P).
2. The vehicle must be running or in
ACCESSORY mode.
3. Lower both sun visors.
Notice: Raising or lowering the top while the
vehicle is in motion can cause damage to the top or
top mechanism. Make sure the vehicle is in
PARK (P) to lower or raise the top.
4. Make sure nothing or no one is on or around the
top. Make sure the trunk cargo cover is in place
with no cargo on top of or in front of the cargo
cover. See Rear Storage Area on page 2-43 for
more information. Also, be sure the valet lockout
switch is off.
Under certain conditions, the Driver Information Center
(DIC) may display a message regarding the retractable
hardtop. If this happens, see DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 3-59 for more information.
2-45
5. Push and hold the top
of the retractable
hardtop button located
behind the shift
lever. The windows will
automatically lower
and the top will raise.
A chime will sound
when the top has
raised completely.
After the top is fully raised, release the retractable
hardtop button. If you press the button again within
five seconds, the windows will automatically close.
Under certain conditions, the Driver Information
Center (DIC) may display a message regarding the
retractable hardtop. If this happens, see DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 3-59 for more information.
If your vehicle has a power loss, such as a dead battery,
you can still raise the top manually by doing the
following:
1. Lower both sun visors and open both doors.
2-46
2. Use the key to open the trunk. See Keys on
page 2-2 and Trunk on page 2-11 for more
information.
3. Raise the trunk by hand.
4. Remove the wrench located inside the passenger’s
side storage compartment.
5. Find the hydraulic
pump under the carpet
on the rear driver’s
side of the trunk.
Open the valve
by turning it
counterclockwise
with your hand
until it stops.
Notice: Pressing the convertible top button when
the hydraulic pump valve is open could damage the
pump. Always close the hydraulic pump valve
after the top has been closed manually.
6. Pull both sides of the rear tonneau over-center link
down to unlock the linkage.
7. Move the rear tonneau rearward and up to the
stored position. Pull from the center of the
tonneau to keep pressure even. The rubber bumper
on each corner will fit against the underside of
the trunk decklid.
2-47
8. Push both sides of the rear tonneau over-center link
up until they stop to lock the linkage.
9. Close the hydraulic pump valve by turning it
clockwise with your hand until it stops.
2-48
10. Remove the upright center storage compartment.
Use the wrench to remove the four screws holding
the storage area in place.
11. Reach behind the square hole and push the front
tonneau over-center link up. The front tonneau
should pull up easily. If it doesn’t, push the
over-center link up more.
12. Manually move the front tonneau to the open
position. Once the front tonneau is open, fold
the side wings in by gently pressing them in. Do not
force the wings. If they are hard to move, make
sure the front tonneau is open all the way.
2-49
13. Reach in from the side of the vehicle and under the
top to remove the headliner plug. The plug will be
located in the center of the top near the front.
14. Insert the wrench into the bolt beneath the plug
location. Turn the wrench about one-quarter turn
counterclockwise until it stops while gently pulling up
on the center of the top to release it.
2-50
15. Hold the top in the front and side and lift the top out
of the stored position.
16. Hold the top in the front and the rear and lift the top
until it is almost closed. Be careful not to pinch your
fingers between the rear of the top and the rear
window.
17. Place your hands on the top and guide the top into
the closed position.
2-51
19. While holding the rear
of the top down, insert
the wrench into the
bolt in the plug opening
in the headliner.
Turn the wrench
counterclockwise until it
stops to fully open
the latch jaws around
the pins.
18. While sitting in the driver’s seat, pull down on the
rear of the top.
2-52
20. Pull down on the roof with the latch rotated open.
Turn the wrench clockwise until it stops to lock the
top into position. Push up on the roof. If it moves
away from the windshield header it is not latched
and you will need to repeat the previous steps.
Vehicle Personalization
Memory Seat, Mirrors and Steering
Wheel
21. From outside the vehicle, push down on both rear
corners of the top to make sure it is completely
locked into place.
22. From inside the vehicle, reach behind the headrest
and gently pull the wings out a small amount. Then,
fold the front tonneau to the closed position.
23. Manually close the trunk.
Your vehicle is equipped with the memory package. The
controls for these features are located on the driver’s
seat, and are used to program and recall memory
settings for the driver’s seating positions.
2-53
Use the following steps to program each button:
1. Adjust the driver’s seat (including the seatback
recliner, lumbar and head restraint, both outside
mirrors and the steering wheel to a comfortable
position.
2. Press and hold button 1 until two beeps are heard,
then release the button.
A second mirror, seating and steering wheel position
can be programmed by repeating the above steps and
pressing button 2 (for driver 2). Each time a memory
button is pressed and released, a single beep will sound.
Each time button 1 or 2 is pressed and released while
the vehicle is in PARK (P), the memory positions will be
recalled after a brief delay. If the vehicle is not in
PARK (P), the memory buttons must be pressed and
held to recall the stored positions.
When the engine is started, the seat, mirrors, and
steering wheel may automatically adjust to their
programmed positions.
To stop recall movement of the memory feature at any
time, press one of the power seat controls, power
mirror control buttons, memory buttons, or power
steering column control.
Two personalized exit positions can be set by first
recalling the driving position (by pressing 1 or 2), then
positioning the steering wheel and seat in the desired
exit positions and then pressing and holding the
exit button until two beeps are heard. With the vehicle in
PARK (P), the exit position for the previously set
driver can be recalled by pressing the EXIT button.
When you use the keyless access transmitter to unlock
you vehicle, automatic seat and steering wheel
movement to the exit position may occur. The numbers
on the back of the transmitter, 1 and 2, corresponds
to the numbers on the memory buttons.
Further programming for automatic seat and mirror
movement can be done using the Driver Information
Center (DIC).
For programming information, see DIC Vehicle
Personalization on page 3-68.
2-54
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview ...............................3-4
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................3-6
Other Warning Devices ...................................3-6
Horn .............................................................3-7
Power Tilt Wheel and Telescopic Steering
Column ......................................................3-7
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever .........................3-7
Exterior Lamps .............................................3-24
Interior Lamps ..............................................3-27
Head-Up Display (HUD) .................................3-29
Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA) ...........................................3-32
Accessory Power Outlets ...............................3-34
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter ........................3-35
Climate Controls ............................................3-35
Dual Climate Control System ..........................3-35
Outlet Adjustment .........................................3-40
Passenger Compartment Air Filter ...................3-40
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators .............3-41
Instrument Panel Cluster ................................3-42
Speedometer and Odometer ...........................3-43
Trip Odometer ..............................................3-43
Tachometer .................................................3-43
Safety Belt Reminder Light .............................3-43
Air Bag Readiness Light ................................3-44
Air Bag Off Light ..........................................3-45
Voltmeter Gage ............................................3-46
Brake System Warning Light ..........................3-47
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light .............3-48
Traction Control System (TCS)
Warning Light ...........................................3-48
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage ..................3-49
Tire Pressure Light .......................................3-50
Malfunction Indicator Lamp .............................3-50
Engine Oil Pressure Gage .............................3-54
Security Light ...............................................3-54
Fog Lamp Light ............................................3-55
Lights On Reminder ......................................3-55
Fuel Gage ...................................................3-56
3-1
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Driver Information Center (DIC) .........................3-57
DIC Controls and Displays .............................3-57
DIC Warnings and Messages .........................3-59
Other Messages ...........................................3-67
DIC Vehicle Personalization ............................3-68
Trip Computer ................................................3-72
Oil Life Indicator ...........................................3-72
3-2
Audio System(s) .............................................3-72
Navigation/Radio System ...............................3-73
Radio Personalization with Home and
Away Feature ...........................................3-73
Theft-Deterrent Feature ..................................3-74
Audio Steering Wheel Controls .......................3-74
Understanding Radio Reception ......................3-75
Care of Your CDs .........................................3-75
Care of Your CD Player ................................3-75
Diversity Antenna System ..............................3-76
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System .............3-76
✍ NOTES
3-3
Instrument Panel Overview
3-4
The main components of the instrument panel are the following:
A. Head-Up Display (HUD) Controls/Instrument Panel
Brightness Controls. See Head-Up Display (HUD)
on page 3-29 or “Instrument Panel Brightness”
under Interior Lamps on page 3-27.
B. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever. See Turn
Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-7.
C. Instrument Panel Cluster. See Instrument Panel
Cluster on page 3-42.
D. Windshield Wiper/Washer Lever. See “Windshield
Wipers” under Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
on page 3-7.
E. Driver Information Center (DIC) Controls/Interior
Lamps. See DIC Controls and Displays on
page 3-57.
F. Air Outlets. See Outlet Adjustment on page 3-40.
G. Hazard Warning Flasher Button. See Hazard
Warning Flashers on page 3-6.
H. Voice Commands/Audio Controls. See OnStar®
System on page 2-35 or Audio Steering Wheel
Controls on page 3-74.
I. Adaptive Cruise Controls. See “Adaptive Cruise
Control (ACC)” under Turn Signal/Multifunction
Lever on page 3-7.
J. Horn. See Horn on page 3-7.
K. Audio Steering Wheel Controls. See Audio Steering
Wheel Controls on page 3-74.
L. Ignition Switch. See Ignition Positions on page 2-19.
M. Shift Lever. See Automatic Transmission Operation
on page 2-23.
N. Traction Control Button. See Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 4-9.
O. Passenger Air Bag Off Indicator. See Air Bag Off
Light on page 3-45.
P. Retractable Hardtop Button. See Retractable
Hardtop on page 2-44.
Q. Cupholders. See Cupholder(s) on page 2-41.
R. Cigarette Lighter. See Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
on page 3-35.
S. Climate Controls. See Dual Climate Control System
on page 3-35.
T. Audio/Navigation System. See Navigation/Radio
System on page 3-73.
U. Glove Box. See Glove Box on page 2-41.
3-5
Hazard Warning Flashers
The hazard warning
flasher button is located on
the instrument panel
above the navigation
system.
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
mode the ignition is in, even if the ignition is turned off.
Press the button to make the front and rear turn
signal lamps flash on and off. Press the button again to
turn the flashers off.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front
and rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn
signals won’t work.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind your
vehicle.
3-6
Horn
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
The horn can be sounded by pressing on the center of
the steering wheel pad.
Power Tilt Wheel and Telescopic
Steering Column
The power tilt wheel
control is located on the
outboard side of the
steering column.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
To operate the power tilt feature, push the control up
and the steering wheel will tilt up. Push the control down
and the steering wheel will go down.
Push the control forward and the steering wheel moves
toward the front of the vehicle. Push the control
rearward and the steering wheel moves toward the rear
of the vehicle. To set the memory position, see DIC
Vehicle Personalization on page 3-68 and Memory Seat,
Mirrors and Steering Wheel on page 2-53.
•
•
•
•
•
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Flash-to-Pass Feature
Cruise Control
Exterior Lamps Control
For information on exterior lamps, see Exterior Lamps
on page 3-24.
3-7
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
Turn Signal on Chime
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and
two downward (for left) positions. These positions
allow you to signal a turn or a lane change.
A chime will remind you if you leave the turn signal on
for more than 3/4 mile (1.2 km) of driving.
To signal a turn, move the multifunction lever all the
way up or down. When the turn is finished, the lever will
return automatically.
An arrow on the instrument
panel cluster will flash in
the direction of the
turn or lane change.
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever
until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you
complete your lane change. The lever will return by itself
when you release it.
If you signal a turn or a lane change and the arrows
flash faster than normal, a signal bulb may be burned
out. Other drivers won’t see the turn signal.
Replace burned-out bulbs to help avoid possible
accidents. If the arrows don’t go on at all when you
signal a turn, check the fuses and check for burned-out
bulbs. See Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 5-85.
3-8
If you need to leave the turn signal on for more than
3/4 mile (1.2 km), turn off the signal and then turn it
back on.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
To change the headlamps from low beam to high, push
the turn signal lever all the way forward.
When the high beams are
on, this light on the
instrument panel cluster
also will be on. To change
the headlamps from
high to low, pull the lever
rearward.
Headlamps on Reminder
If you turn the ignition off and leave the headlamps or
parking lamps on and open a door, you will hear a chime
reminding you to turn off the lamps.
Flash-to-Pass
This feature lets you use the high-beam headlamps to
signal the driver in front of you that you want to
pass. Pull and hold the turn signal lever toward you to
use. When you do, the following will occur:
• If the low-beam headlamps are on, the high-beam
headlamps will turn on. They’ll stay on as long as
you hold the lever there. Release the lever to
turn them off.
• If the headlamps are on high-beam, they will switch
to low-beam. To return to high beam, push the
lever away from you.
Windshield Wipers
Use the lever located on the right side of the steering
column to operate the windshield wipers.
1(High Speed):
Move the lever to this position for
steady wiping at high speed.
6(Low Speed): Move the lever to this position for
steady wiping at low speed.
&(Delay):
Move the lever to this position to activate
the Rainsense™ function. Adjustments in this region
change the sensitivity of the Rainsense™ system.
9(Off):
Move the lever to this position to turn off the
windshield wipers.
8(Mist):
Move the lever all the way down to mist and
release for a single wiping cycle. The windshield
wipers will stop after one wipe. If you want more wipes,
hold the band on mist longer.
Heavy snow or ice can overload the wipers. If this
occurs, a circuit breaker will stop the wipers until the
motor cools. So, be sure to clear any ice and snow from
the windshield wiper blades before using them. If the
wiper blades are frozen to the windshield, carefully
loosen them or warm the windshield before turning the
wipers on. If your blades do become worn or
damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
3-9
Rainsense™ Wipers
Your vehicle has Rainsense™ wipers. The moisture
sensor for this feature is mounted on the interior side of
the windshield below the rearview mirror and is used
to automatically operate the wipers by monitoring
the amount of moisture build-up on the windshield.
Wipes occur as needed to clear the windshield
depending on driving conditions and the sensitivity
setting. In light rain or snow, fewer wipes will occur. In
heavy rain or snow, wipes will occur more frequently.
The Rainsense™ wipers operate in a delay mode
as well as a continuous low or high speed as needed. If
the system is left on for long periods of time, occasional
wipes may occur without any moisture on the
windshield. This is normal and indicates that the
Rainsense™ system is activated.
The Rainsense™ system is also sensitive to vibration.
The system may activate if something hits the
windshield or if the vehicle hits a bump.
The Rainsense™ system can be activated by moving
the wiper lever up to the delay position and turning
the delay adjust band to one of the five sensitivity levels.
The bottom delay adjust position is the lowest sensitivity
setting, level one. This allows more rain or snow to
collect on the windshield between wipes.
3-10
Turning the delay adjust band away from you to the
higher sensitivity levels allows less rain or snow
to collect on the windshield between wipes.
The top position is the highest sensitivity setting, level
five. A single wipe will occur each time you turn the
delay adjust band to a higher sensitivity level to indicate
that the sensitivity level has been increased.
Notice: Going through an automatic car wash with
the wipers on can damage them. Turn the wipers
off when going through an automatic car wash.
The mist and wash cycles operate as normal and
are not affected by the Rainsense™ function. The
Rainsense™ system can be overridden at any time
by manually changing the wiper control to low or
high speed.
When Rainsense™ is active, the headlamps will turn
on automatically. If it is dark, they will remain on.
See “Wiper-Activated Headlamps” under Exterior Lamps
on page 3-24 for more information.
Notice: Do not place stickers or other items on the
exterior glass surface directly in front of the
moisture sensor. Doing this could cause the
moisture sensor to malfunction.
Windshield Washer
K(Washer Fluid): The lever on the right side of the
steering column also controls the windshield washer.
There is a button at the end of the lever. To spray
washer fluid on the windshield, press the button and
hold it. The washer will spray until you release the
button. The wipers will continue to clear the window for
about six seconds after the button is released and
then stop or return to your preset speed.
Your vehicle also has headlamp washers. Every fourth
time the washer fluid button is pressed, washer fluid
will clean the headlamps.
{CAUTION:
In freezing weather, do not use your washer
until the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the
washer fluid can form ice on the windshield,
blocking your vision.
If the fluid in the windshield washer fluid reservoir is
low, the message LOW WASHER FLUID will appear
on the Driver Information Center (DIC) display. It
will take 60 seconds after the bottle is refilled for this
message to turn off. For information on the correct
washer fluid mixture to use, see Windshield Washer
Fluid on page 5-33 and Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 6-11.
Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC)
Be sure to read this entire section before using this
feature.
The system operates on a radio frequency subject to
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Rules and
with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
3-11
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) is an enhancement to
traditional cruise control and is not a safety system.
ACC allows you to keep cruise control engaged
in moderate traffic conditions without having to
constantly reset your cruise control. ACC uses radar to
detect a vehicle directly ahead in your path, within a
distance of 328 ft (100 m), and operates at speeds
above 25 mph (40 km/h). When it is engaged by the
driver, ACC can apply limited braking or acceleration of
the vehicle automatically to maintain a selected
follow distance to the vehicle ahead. ACC braking is
limited to 0.3 g’s (2.95 m/sec2) of deceleration, which is
comparable to moderate application of the vehicle’s
brakes. To disengage ACC, apply the brake. If there is
no vehicle in your path, your vehicle will react like
traditional cruise control.
3-12
{CAUTION:
ACC will not apply hard braking or bring the
vehicle to a complete stop. ACC will not
respond to stopped vehicles, pedestrians or
animals. When you are approaching a vehicle
or object, ACC may not have time to slow your
vehicle enough to avoid a collision. Your
complete attention is always required while
driving and you should be ready to take action
and apply the brakes. For more information,
see Defensive Driving on page 4-2.
Some of the ACC controls
are located on the end of
the multifunction lever.
{CAUTION:
• On winding roads, ACC may not detect a
•
•
•
vehicle ahead. You could crash into a
vehicle ahead of you. Do not use ACC on
winding roads.
In heavy stop-and-go traffic, ACC may not
have time to slow your vehicle enough to
avoid a collision because of the rapidly
changing traffic conditions. Do not use
ACC in heavy stop-and-go traffic.
On slippery roads, fast changes in tire
traction can cause needless wheel
spinning, and you could lose control. Do
not use cruise control on slippery roads.
When visibility is low, such as in fog, rain
or snow, you can not tell how far away
things are and ACC performance is limited.
There may not be enough distance to
adapt to the changing traffic conditions.
Do not use cruise control when visibility
is low.
9 (Off):
R (On):
This position turns the system off.
This position turns the system on.
S (Resume/Increase):
Push the switch to this symbol
to make the vehicle resume to a previously set speed
or to increase the set speed when ACC is already active.
T (Set/Decrease): Press this button to set the
speed or to decrease the set speed when ACC is
already active.
3-13
Engaging ACC With the Set Button
{CAUTION:
If you leave your Adaptive Cruise Control
switch on when you are not using cruise, you
might hit a button and go into cruise when you
do not want to. You could be startled and even
lose control. Keep the Adaptive Cruise Control
switch off until you want to use cruise control.
ACC set speed is selected by the driver. This is the
speed you will travel if there is no vehicle detected in
your path.
To set ACC, do the following:
1. Make sure the Head-Up Display (HUD) is on and
properly adjusted. See Head-Up Display (HUD) on
page 3-29 for more information.
2. Move the ACC switch to on.
3. Get up to the speed you want
4. Press in the set button at the end of the lever and
release it.
5. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
{CAUTION:
If you operate ACC without your Head-up
Display (HUD) on and properly adjusted,
your ACC settings will not be visible. You
could forget your settings and be startled by
ACC response and even lose control. Keep
your HUD on and properly adjusted when
using ACC.
3-14
Once ACC is set, it may immediately apply the brakes if
it detects a vehicle ahead is too close or moving
slower than your vehicle.
This symbol will appear on
the Head-Up Display
(HUD) to indicate that ACC
is active. See Head-Up
Display (HUD) on
page 3-29 for more
information.
• Move the ACC switch from on to resume/increase.
Hold it there until the desired set speed is displayed
in the HUD, then release the switch. To increase
your set speed in very small amounts, move
the switch briefly to resume/increase. Each time
you do this, your vehicle set speed will increase by
1 mph (1.6 km/h). Your vehicle will not reach the
set speed until ACC determines there is no vehicle
in front of you. At that point, your vehicle speed
will increase to the set speed.
Decreasing Set Speed While Using ACC
Make sure the set speed is visible on the HUD so you
know the speed your vehicle will accelerate to if no
vehicle is detected in your path. Keep in mind speed
limits, surrounding traffic speeds and weather conditions
when adjusting your set speed.
Press in the set/decrease button on the end of the lever
until you reach the lower speed you want, then
release it.
To slow down in very small amounts, briefly press the
set/decrease button. Each time you do this, your
set speed will be 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Increasing Set Speed While Using ACC
Resuming a Set Speed
There are two ways to go to increase set speed:
Suppose you set your ACC at a desired speed and then
you apply the brake. This will disengage the ACC.
But you don’t need to reset it.
• Use the accelerator to get to the higher speed.
Press the set button at the end of the lever,
then release the button and the accelerator pedal.
You’ll now cruise at the higher speed.
Once you are going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can move the ACC switch briefly from on to
resume/increase. ACC will be engaged with the
previously chosen set speed.
3-15
Selecting the Follow Distance (GAP)
When ACC detects a slower moving vehicle, it will
adjust your vehicle’s speed and maintain the follow
distance (gap) you select.
Use the GAP button on
the steering wheel to
adjust the follow distance.
Press the top of the button to increase the distance or
the bottom of the button to decrease the distance.
The first button press will show you the current follow
distance setting on the HUD. Your current follow
distance setting will be maintained until you change it.
There are six follow distances to choose from. The
follow distance selection ranges from near to far
(1 second to 2 seconds follow time).
3-16
The distance maintained for a selected follow distance
will vary based on vehicle speed. The faster the
vehicle speed the further back you will follow. Consider
traffic and weather conditions when selecting the
follow distance. The range of selectable distances may
not be appropriate for all drivers and driving conditions.
If you choose to travel at a distance farther than
ACC allows, disengage ACC and drive manually.
A graphic on the HUD indicates the selected follow
distance. This picture shows a maximum follow distance.
The vehicles will move closer as you select a smaller
follow distance.
Alerting the Driver
• A malfunction is detected in the ACC system. See
The alert symbol will flash
on the HUD and a warning
beep will sound when
driver action is required.
DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-59 for
more information.
See Defensive Driving on page 4-2 for more information.
{CAUTION:
Driver action is required when:
• ACC cannot apply sufficient braking because you
are approaching a vehicle too rapidly.
• The vehicle speed drops below about
20 mph (32 km/h).
Adaptive Cruise Control has only limited
braking ability to slow your vehicle. In some
cases, ACC may not have time to slow your
vehicle enough to avoid a collision. Be ready
to take action and apply the brakes yourself.
See Defensive Driving on page 4-2.
• A temporary condition prohibits ACC from operating.
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-59 for
more information.
3-17
Approaching and Following a Vehicle
The vehicle ahead symbol
will only appear on the
HUD when a vehicle ahead
is detected in your path.
If this symbol does not appear, or disappears briefly,
ACC will not respond to vehicles you may see ahead.
{CAUTION:
When the ACC radar is blocked by snow, ice,
or dirt, it may not detect a vehicle ahead until
it is very close. ACC may not have time to
slow your vehicle enough to avoid a collision.
Do not use ACC when the radar is blocked by
snow, ice, or dirt. Keep your radar clean. See
“Cleaning the System” later in this section.
ACC will automatically slow your vehicle down when
approaching a slower moving vehicle. ACC will
then adjust your speed to follow the vehicle in front at
the selected follow distance. Your speed will increase or
decrease to follow the vehicle in front of you but will
never exceed the set speed. ACC may apply limited
braking if necessary. When braking is active, your brake
lights will come on. It may feel or sound different than
if you were applying the brakes yourself. This is normal.
3-18
Stationary or Very Slow-Moving Objects
{CAUTION:
ACC may not detect and react to stationary or
slow-moving objects in your lane. You could
crash into an object ahead of you. Do not use
ACC when approaching stationary or
slow-moving vehicles or other objects.
{CAUTION:
ACC may not detect and react to stationary or
slow-moving objects in your lane. ACC may
accelerate toward objects, such as a stopped
vehicle that suddenly appears after the lead
vehicle changes lanes. Your complete attention
is always required while driving and you
should be ready to take action and apply the
brakes.
Low-Speed Deactivation
If your speed falls below 20 mph (32 km/h) while
following a vehicle ahead, ACC will begin to disengage.
The driver alert symbol on the HUD will flash and the
warning beep will sound. The driver must take
action since ACC will not slow the vehicle to a stop.
Passing a Vehicle
If you need to increase speed to pass a vehicle, use the
accelerator pedal. While your foot is on the accelerator
pedal, the system will not automatically apply the
brakes. Once you pass the vehicle and remove your
foot from the accelerator pedal, ACC will return to
normal operation and be able to apply the brakes if
needed.
{CAUTION:
If you rest your foot on the accelerator pedal,
the system will not automatically apply the
brakes. You could crash into a vehicle ahead
of you. Do not rest your foot on the accelerator
pedal when using ACC.
3-19
Curves in the Road
{CAUTION:
Due to ACC limitations in curves, it may
respond to a vehicle in another lane, or may
not have time to react to a vehicle in your lane.
You could crash into a vehicle ahead of you,
or lose control of your vehicle. Give extra
attention in curves and be ready to use the
brakes if necessary. Select an appropriate
speed while driving in curves.
ACC may operate differently in a sharp curve.
ACC may reduce your speed in a curve if the curve is
too sharp. The TIGHT CURVE message will also display
on the HUD. See Head-Up Display (HUD) on page 3-29
for more information.
3-20
When following a vehicle and entering a curve, ACC
could lose track of the vehicle in your lane and
accelerate your vehicle. When this happens, the vehicle
ahead symbol will not appear on the HUD.
Highway Exit Ramps
{CAUTION:
ACC may lose track of the vehicle ahead and
accelerate up to your set speed while entering
or on highway exit ramps. You could be
startled by this acceleration and even lose
control of the vehicle. So, disengage ACC
before entering a highway exit ramp. Do not
use ACC on exit ramps.
ACC may detect a vehicle that is not in your lane and
apply the brakes.
ACC may occasionally provide a driver alert and/or
braking that you consider unnecessary. ACC could
respond to signs, guardrails and other stationary objects
when entering or exiting a curve. This is normal
operation. Your vehicle does not need service.
3-21
Other Vehicle Lane Changes
Using ACC on Hills
If another vehicle enters the same lane as you, ACC will
not detect the vehicle until it is completely in the lane.
Be ready to take action and apply the brakes yourself.
How well ACC will work on hills depends on your
speed, vehicle load, traffic conditions and the steepness
of the hills. ACC may not detect a vehicle in your
lane while driving on hills. When going up steep hills,
you may want to use the accelerator pedal to maintain
your speed. When going downhill, you may have to
brake to keep your speed down. Applying the brake
disengages ACC. Many drivers find this to be too much
trouble and don’t use ACC on steep hills.
3-22
Disengaging ACC
Cleaning the System
To disengage ACC, apply the brake pedal or move the
ACC switch to off. ACC information on the HUD will
not display when ACC is not engaged.
The radar can become blocked by snow, ice or dirt.
If so, you may need to turn off the engine and clean the
lens. Remember, don’t use ACC in icy conditions, or
when visibility is low, such as in fog, rain or snow.
Erasing Set Speed Memory
When you turn the ACC switch or the ignition off, your
ACC set speed memory is erased.
Other Messages
There are three messages that may appear in the
Driver Information Center (DIC). They are SERVICE
RADAR CRUISE, CRUISE NOT READY and CLEAN
RADAR CRUISE. These messages will only appear
to indicate a problem if ACC is active. See DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 3-59 for more
information.
The lens is located on the driver’s side of the front
fascia.
After cleaning the fascia lens, try to engage the ACC.
If this does not fix the problem, you may have to remove
the fascia lens and clean the inside of the fascia lens
and radar lens.
To clean the inside of the fascia lens and radar lens,
insert a screwdriver or similar object into one of
the small slots on the inboard side of the lens and pop
the lens out. After cleaning the lens, set the lens
back in place and press until it snaps in.
You may also see CRUISE SPEED LIMITED displayed
in the HUD. See Head-Up Display (HUD) on page 3-29
for more information.
3-23
Exterior Lamps
; (Parking Lamp):
Turning the band to this position
turns on the parking lamps together with the following:
•
•
•
•
Sidemarker Lamps
Taillamps
License Plate Lamps
Instrument Panel Lights
The parking brake indicator light will come on and stay
on when the parking lamps are on with the engine
off and the ignition in ACCESSORY.
The exterior lamp control is located to the left of the
steering wheel on the multifunction lever.
5 (Headlamps): Turning the control to this position
turns on the headlamps, together with the previously
listed lamps and lights.
O (Exterior Lamp Control):
Wiper-Activated Headlamps
The exterior lamp band has four positions:
This feature activates the headlamps and parking lamps
after the windshield wipers have been in use for
approximately six seconds.
Turn the band with this
symbol on it to operate the exterior lamps.
O (Off):
Turning the band to this position turns off
all lamps.
AUTO (Automatic): Turning the band to this position
sets the exterior lamps in automatic mode.
When the exterior lamp control has been turned off or is
in the parking lamp position and the wiper control is
on delay, low speed or high speed, the HEADLAMPS
SUGGESTED message will appear on the Driver
Information Center (DIC).
When the ignition is turned off, the wiper-activated
headlamps will immediately turn off.
3-24
Lamps on Reminder
A warning chime will sound if the exterior lamp control
is left on in either the headlamp or parking lamp position
and the driver’s door is opened with the ignition off.
Daytime Running Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the
day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the short
periods after dawn and before sunset. Fully functional
daytime running lamps are required on all vehicles
first sold in Canada.
The DRL system will make the front turn signal lamps
come on when the following conditions are met:
• It is still daylight and the ignition is on,
• the exterior lamp control is in the off position and
• the transmission is not in PARK (P).
When DRL are on, only the front turn signal lamps will
be on. No other exterior lamps such as the parking
lamps, taillamps, etc. will be on when the DRL are being
used. Your instrument panel won’t be lit up either.
When it’s bright enough outside, the regular lamps will
go off, and the front turn signal lamps will take over.
If you start your vehicle in a dark garage, the automatic
headlamp system will come on immediately. Once
you leave the garage, it will take approximately
one minute for the automatic headlamp system to
change to DRL if it is light outside. During that delay,
your instrument panel cluster may not be as bright
as usual. Make sure your instrument panel brightness
knob is in the full bright position. See “Instrument Panel
Brightness” under Interior Lamps on page 3-27.
If it’s dark enough outside and the exterior lamp control
is off, a HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED message will
display on the Driver’s Information Center (DIC). This
message informs the driver that turning on the exterior
lamps is recommended.
Turning the exterior lamp control to off a second time,
or turning on the headlamps will remove the
HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED message. If the parking
lamps or the fog lamps were turned on instead,
the HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED message will continue
to be displayed.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
When it’s dark enough outside, the front turn signal
lamps will turn off and normal low-beam headlamps will
turn on.
3-25
Fog Lamps
If your vehicle has fog lamps, use them for better vision
in foggy or misty conditions.
The fog lamps control is located on the multifunction
lever next to the exterior lamp control.
-(Fog Lamps):
Turning the band to this position will
turn on the fog lamps.
When you turn on the fog lamps, the fog lamp light on
the instrument panel cluster will come on to indicate that
the fog lamps and the parking lamps are on.
If you turn on the high-beam headlamps, the fog lamps
will turn off. They’ll turn back on again when you
switch to low-beam headlamps.
The ignition must be on for the fog lamps to operate.
Twilight Sentinel®
Twilight Sentinel® can turn your lamps on and off for
you. A light sensor on top of the instrument panel makes
the Twilight Sentinel® work, so be sure it isn’t covered.
3-26
With Twilight Sentinel® you will see the following
happen:
• When it’s dark enough outside, the front turn signal
lamps (DRL) will go off, and the headlamps and
parking lamps will come on. The other lamps
that come on with headlamps will also come on.
• When it’s bright enough outside, the headlamps will
go off, and the front turn signal lamps (DRL) will
come on, as long as the exterior lamp switch is in
the OFF position.
If you start your vehicle in a dark garage, the automatic
headlamp system will come on immediately. Once
you leave the garage, it will take approximately
one minute for the automatic headlamp system to
change to DRL if it is light outside. During that delay,
your instrument panel cluster may not be as bright
as usual. Make sure your instrument panel brightness
control is in full bright position. See “Instrument
Panel Brightness Control” under Interior Lamps on
page 3-27.
You can idle the vehicle with the lamps off, even when
it’s dark outside. First set the parking brake while
the ignition is in OFF. Then start the vehicle. The lamps
will stay off until you release the parking brake.
Twilight Sentinel® also provides exterior illumination as
you leave the vehicle. If Twilight Sentinel® has turned
on the lamps when you turn off the ignition, your lamps
will remain on until:
• The exterior lamp switch is moved from OFF to the
parking lamp position, or
• a delay time that you select has elapsed.
See Driver Information Center (DIC) on page 3-57 to
select the delay time that you want. You can also select
no delay time.
If you turn off the ignition with the exterior lamp switch
in the parking lamp or headlamp position, the Twilight
Sentinel® delay will not occur. The lamps will turn off
as soon as the switch is turned off.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver
Interior Lamps
Instrument Panel Brightness
The button for this feature is located on the instrument
panel to the left of the steering column.
+!- (Brightness): Press this button to change the
brightness of the instrument panel lights.
Press the DIMMER button until PANEL DIMMING
appears on the Driver Information Center (DIC). Then
use the brightness button to adjust the instrument panel
brightness. Press the top of the button to brighten the
lights or the bottom of the button to dim the lights.
See Head-Up Display (HUD) on page 3-29 for more
information.
Be sure not to have the brightness turned all the way
down with the lamps on during the day. Your DIC
may not be visible.
If the manual parking lamps or headlamps have been
left on, the exterior lamps will turn off as soon as
the ignition is turned off or RAP is active. This protects
against draining the battery in case you have
accidentally left the headlamps or parking lamps on.
The battery saver does not work if the headlamps are
turned on after the ignition switch is turned to OFF.
If you need to leave the lamps on, use the exterior lamp
control to turn the lamps back on.
3-27
Courtesy Lamps
Reading Lamps
When any door or the trunk lid is opened, the interior
lamps will go on unless it’s bright outside.
Your inside rearview mirror includes two reading lamps.
The lamps will go on when a door is opened. When
the doors are closed, each lamp can be turned on
individually by pressing the button for that lamp.
You can also turn on the courtesy lamps by pressing
the interior lamp button on the right side of the
instrument panel cluster.
Exit/Entry Lighting
With entry lighting, the interior lamps will come on when
entering the vehicle. The interior lamps will come on
for about 20 seconds when the engine is turned off or a
door is ajar.
You can turn exit and entry lighting off by quickly turning
the headlamps on and off or by quickly turning the
courtesy lamps on and off.
3-28
Battery Run-Down Protection
Your vehicle has a feature to help prevent you from
draining the battery in case the underhood lamp, vanity
mirror lamps, cargo lamps, reading lamps, console
or glove box lamps are accidentally left on or in case
something is plugged into the accessory power outlet or
cigarette lighter. If you leave any of these lamps on,
they will automatically time-out after about 20 minutes.
To reset it, all of the above lamps must be turned
off or the ignition key must be in ON.
Head-Up Display (HUD)
{CAUTION:
• Check Gages Icon
• Adaptive Cruise Control Features and Indicators
• Radio Features
If the HUD image is too bright, or too high in
your field of view, it may take you more time to
see things you need to see when it is dark
outside. Be sure to keep the HUD image dim
and placed low in your field of view.
The Head-Up Display (HUD) allows you to see some of
the driver information that appears on your instrument
panel cluster.
The information may be displayed in English or metric
units and appears as an image focused out toward
the front of your vehicle. To change from English
to metric units, see Driver Information Center (DIC) on
page 3-57.
The HUD consists of the following information:
•
•
•
•
Speedometer
Turn Signal Indicators
High-Beam Indicator Symbol
Be sure to continue scanning your displays, controls
and driving environment just as you would in a vehicle
without HUD. If you never look at your instrument
panel cluster, you may not see something important,
such as a warning light. Under important warning
conditions, the CHECK GAGES message will display in
the HUD. View your Driver Information Center (DIC)
for more information.
Tap-Up/Tap-Down Transmission Feature
3-29
The HUD controls are
located to the left of the
steering wheel.
2. Start your engine and press the top or bottom
of the HUD button to center the HUD image in
your view.
The HUD image can only be adjusted up and down,
not side-to-side.
3. Press the DIMMER button until the DIC reads HUD
DIMMING. Then use the brightness button to adjust
the desired intensity.
+!- (Brightness): This button is used to adjust the
brightness of the HUD and the instrument panel cluster.
DIMMER: This button is used to select the HUD or
the instrument panel cluster to adjust the brightness.
HUD: This button is used to adjust the vertical position
of the HUD display.
To adjust the HUD so you can see it properly, do the
following:
1. Adjust the seat to a comfortable driving position. If
you change your seat position later, you may have
to re-adjust your HUD.
3-30
The brightness of the HUD image is determined by the
light conditions in the direction your vehicle is facing
and where you have the HUD set. If you are facing a
dark object or a heavily shaded area, your HUD
may anticipate that you are entering a dark area and
may begin to dim.
To turn off the HUD, press the brightness button down
until the image disappears.
Polarized sunglasses could make the HUD image
harder to see.
As light shines out from the HUD, it is possible for light
to shine back in. In rare occurrences, when the sun
is at a specific angle and position, the sun’s rays can
shine back into the HUD. When this occurs, the display
device within the HUD will be temporarily illuminated.
The event will end when the vehicle’s angle to the
sun changes.
Clean the inside of the windshield as needed to remove
any dirt or film that reduces the sharpness or clarity
of the HUD image.
To clean the HUD, spray household glass cleaner on a
soft, clean cloth. Wipe the HUD lens gently, then dry
it. Do not spray cleaner directly on the lens because the
cleaner could leak into the unit.
If the ignition is on and you can’t see the HUD image,
check to see if:
•
•
•
•
Something is covering the HUD unit.
The brightness is adjusted properly.
The HUD image is adjusted to the proper height.
Ambient light in the direction your vehicle is facing
is low.
• A fuse is blown. See Fuses and Circuit Breakers on
page 5-85.
The following Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) messages
may appear in the HUD:
CRUISE SPEED LIMITED: This message indicates that
your vehicle speed has been reduced below your set
speed due to ACC limitations. Your set speed is too high
and ACC cannot detect other vehicles at far enough
distances for the system to operate properly.
TIGHT CURVE: This message indicates that ACC has
reduced your vehicle speed due to a tight curve in
the road. Once the road straightens, ACC will return to
your selected set speed or follow distance setting.
See “Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC)” under Turn
Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-7 for more
information.
You may also see an ACC active symbol, alert symbol
or vehicle ahead symbol. See “Adaptive Cruise
Control (ACC)” under Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever on
page 3-7 for more information.
Keep in mind that your windshield is part of the HUD
system. If you ever have to have your windshield
replaced, be sure to get one that is designed for HUD
or your HUD image may look blurred and out of focus.
3-31
Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA)
CAUTION:
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist can help you to
determine how close an object is to your rear bumper
within a given area, making parking easier.
{CAUTION:
Even with the Ultrasonic Rear Park Assist
system, the driver must check carefully before
backing up. The system does not operate
above typical backing speeds of 3 mph
(5 km/h) while parking. And, the system does
not detect objects that are more than 5 feet
(1.5 meters) behind the vehicle.
CAUTION:
3-32
(Continued)
(Continued)
So, unless you check carefully behind you
before and when you back up, you could strike
children, pedestrians, bicyclists or pets behind
you, and they could be injured or killed.
Whether or not you are using Rear Park Assist,
always check carefully behind your vehicle
before you back up and then watch closely as
you do.
The URPA display is
located inside the vehicle,
below the rear window.
It has three color-coded
lights that can be seen
through the rearview mirror
or by turning around.
How the System Works
URPA comes on automatically when the shift lever is
moved into REVERSE (R) and the vehicle speed is less
than 3 mph (5 km/h). When the system comes on,
the three lights on the display will illuminate to let you
know that the system is working. URPA senses
how close your vehicle is to an object. The distance is
determined by the four ultrasonic sensors located on the
rear bumper. When you shift into REVERSE (R) and
an object is detected, the following will occur in
sequence depending on the distance from the object:
• At 5 feet (1.5 m) a chime will sound and one
amber light will be lit;
• at 40 inches (1.0 m) both amber lights will be lit;
• at 20 inches (0.5 m) a continuous chime will
sound and all three lights (amber/amber/red)
will be lit; and
• at 1 foot (0.3 m) a continuous chime will sound and
all three lights (amber/amber/red) will flash.
URPA can detect objects 3 inches (7.6 cm) and wider,
and at least 10 inches (25.4 cm) tall, but it cannot detect
objects that are above trunk level. In order for the
rear sensors to recognize an object, it must be within
operating range.
If the URPA system is not functioning properly, the
display will flash red, indicating that there is a problem.
The light will also flash red while driving if a trailer is
attached to your vehicle, or a bicycle or object is on
the back of, or hanging out of your trunk. The light
will continue to flash until the trailer or the object
is removed and your vehicle is driven forward at least
15 mph (25 km/h).
It may also flash red if the ultrasonic sensors are not
kept clean. So be sure to keep your rear bumper free of
mud, dirt, snow, ice and slush or materials such as
paint or the system may not work properly. If after
cleaning the rear bumper and driving forward at least
15 mph (25 km/h), the display continues to flash red, see
your dealer. For cleaning instructions, see Cleaning
the Outside of Your Vehicle on page 5-78.
It may also flash red if your vehicle is moving in
REVERSE (R) at a speed greater than 3 mph (5 km/h).
Other conditions that may affect system performance
include things like the vibrations from a jackhammer or
the compression of air brakes on a very large truck.
As always, drivers should use care when backing up a
vehicle. Always look behind you, being sure to check
for other vehicles, obstructions and blind spots.
3-33
Accessory Power Outlets
The accessory power outlet can be used to connect
electrical equipment such as a cellular phone or
CB radio.
The accessory power outlet is located inside the
center console storage compartment, on the forward
left side.
To use the outlet, remove the tethered cap. When not
using it, always cover the outlet with the protective cap.
Notice: When using an accessory power outlet,
maximum electrical load must not exceed 20 amps.
Always turn off any electrical equipment when
not in use. Leaving electrical equipment on for
extended periods will drain your vehicle’s battery.
Certain electrical accessories may not be compatible
with the accessory power outlet and could result
in blown vehicle or adapter fuses. If you experience a
problem, see your dealer for additional information
on accessory power outlets.
3-34
Notice: Adding any electrical equipment to your
vehicle may damage it or keep other components
from working as they should. The repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Check with your
dealer before adding electrical equipment.
When adding electrical equipment, be sure to follow the
installation instructions included with the equipment.
We recommend that you see a qualified technician or
your dealer for the proper installation of your equipment.
Notice: Improper use of the power outlet can
cause damage not covered by your warranty. Do not
hang any type of accessory or accessory bracket
from the plug because the power outlets are
designed for accessory power plugs only.
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
The ashtray and cigarette lighter are located under
a lid in the front console to the right of the shift lever.
Press the left side of the lid and it will open
automatically.
Notice: If you put papers or other flammable items
in the ashtray, hot cigarettes or other smoking
materials could ignite them and possibly damage
your vehicle. Never put flammable items in the
ashtray.
Climate Controls
Dual Climate Control System
With this system you can control the heating, cooling
and ventilation for your vehicle.
Loose objects (such as paper clips) can lodge behind
and beneath the ashtray lid and prevent movement
of the lid. You should avoid putting small, loose objects
near the ashtray.
To use the cigarette lighter, push it in all the way and let
go. When it’s ready, it will pop back out by itself.
Notice: Holding a cigarette lighter in while it is
heating will not allow the lighter to back away from
the heating element when it is hot. Damage from
overheating may occur to the lighter or heating
element, or a fuse could be blown. Do not hold a
cigarette lighter in while it is heating.
When your vehicle is first started, the system will recall
the last temperature fan and mode settings for that
driver.
3-35
Automatic Operation
AUTO (Automatic): When this button is pressed and
the temperature is set, the system will automatically
control the inside temperature, the air delivery mode, the
air-conditioning compressor and the fan speed. AUTO
will appear on the display.
1. Press the AUTO button.
2. Adjust the temperature to a comfortable setting
between 70°F (21°C) and 80°F (27°C).
Choosing the warmest or coldest temperature
setting will not cause the system to heat or cool any
faster. If you set the system at the warmest or
coldest temperature setting, the system will remain
in manual mode at that temperature and it will
not go into automatic mode.
In cold weather, the system will start at reduced fan
speeds at avoid blowing cold air into your vehicle
until warmer air is available. The system will
start out blowing air at the floor but may change
modes automatically as the vehicle warms up
to maintain the chosen temperature setting. The
length of time needed for warm up will depend on
the outside temperature and the length of time
that has elapsed since your vehicle was last driven.
3. Wait for the system to regulate. This may take from
10 to 30 minutes. Then adjust the temperature, if
necessary.
3-36
You can switch from English to metric units through the
Driver Information Center (DIC). See DIC Controls
and Displays on page 3-57 for more information.
The air-conditioning system removes moisture from the
air, so you may sometimes notice a small amount of
water dripping underneath your vehicle while idling
or after turning off the engine. This is normal.
Do not cover the solar sensor located in the center of
the instrument panel, near the windshield. For more
information on the solar sensor, see “Sensors” later in
this section.
Manual Operation
w PWR x (Power/Temperature): Press the PWR
button on the left side of the climate control panel to turn
the entire climate control system on or off. Press the
up or down arrow on the switch to manually increase or
decrease the temperature inside the vehicle.
Press the PWR button on the right side of the climate
control panel to turn the passenger’s climate control
system on or off. Press the up or down arrow on
the switch to manually increase or decrease the
temperature for the passenger.
If the passenger’s PWR button is off, the driver’s
temperature switch controls the temperature for the
entire vehicle.
«9ª(Fan):
Press this switch to increase or
decrease the fan speed. Pressing this switch cancels
automatic operation and places the system in manual
mode. Press AUTO to return to automatic operation.
If the airflow seems low when the fan speed is at
the highest setting, the passenger compartment air filter
may need to be replaced. For more information, see
Passenger Compartment Air Filter on page 3-40
and Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4.
ªN« (Mode):
Pressing the switch and changing the
mode cancels automatic operation and places the
system in manual mode. Press the AUTO button to
return to automatic operation.
To change the current mode, select one of the following:
H (Vent):
This mode directs air to the instrument
panel outlets.
% (Bi-Level): This mode directs approximately half of
the air to the instrument panel outlets, and then
directs most of the remaining air to the floor outlets. In
automatic operation, cooler air is directed to the
upper outlets and warmer air to the floor outlets.
6 (Floor):
This mode directs most of the air to the
floor outlets with some air directed to the side window
outlets, and a little air directed to the windshield.
The mode switch can also be used to select the defog
mode. Information on defogging and defrosting can
be found later in this section.
A/C OFF (Air Conditioning): Press this button to turn
off the air conditioning compressor. Press AUTO to
return to automatic operation. The compressor cannot
be turned off in either the defrost or floor/defog mode.
( (Heated/Cooled Seat):
Press this button to turn the
feature on. The button on the left controls the driver’s
seat and the button on the right controls the passenger’s
seat. Each press of the button will take you to a
different setting. The settings available in order are HI
HEAT, LO HEAT, OFF, HI COOL, LO COOL and
OFF. You will be able to feel the temperature change in
a few minutes.
The feature will automatically shut off when the vehicle
is turned off.
3-37
? (Recirculation): Press this button to turn the
recirculation mode on or off. The air-conditioning
compressor also comes on. This mode keeps outside
air from coming in the vehicle. It can be used to prevent
outside air and odors from entering your vehicle or to
help cool the air inside your vehicle more quickly.
Recirculation is not available in defrost or
floor/defog mode.
Using recirculation for long periods of time may cause
the air inside your vehicle to become too dry. To prevent
this from happening, after the air in your vehicle has
cooled, turn the recirculation mode off.
Sensors
There are sensors to measure the temperature and
sun’s effect on passenger comfort.
The solar sensor on your vehicle monitors the solar
radiation then uses the information to maintain the
selected temperature when operating in AUTO mode by
initiating needed adjustments to the temperature, the
fan speed and the air delivery system. The system may
also supply cooler air to the side of the vehicle facing
the sun. The recirculation mode will also be activated, as
necessary. Do not cover the solar sensor located on
the top right side of the instrument panel near the
windshield or system will not work properly.
3-38
There is also a sensor located behind the front bumper.
This sensor reads the outside air temperature and
helps maintain the temperature inside the vehicle. The
outside temperature will be displayed in the navigation
system only when the engine is running. Any cover
on the front of the vehicle could give a false reading of
the temperature.
If the outside temperature goes up, the display
temperature will not change until:
• The vehicle’s speed is above 10 mph (16 km/h) for
five minutes.
• The vehicle’s speed is above 32 mph (51 km/h) for
two and one-half minutes.
These delays prevent false readings. If the temperature
goes down, the outside temperature will be shown
when you start the vehicle. If it has been turned off for
less than three hours, the temperature will be recalled
from the previous vehicle operation.
There is also an inside temperature sensor located to
the left of the ignition button. The automatic climate
control system uses this sensor to receive information,
so if you block or cover it, the system will not function
properly.
Defogging and Defrosting
Rear Window Defogger
Fog on the inside of windows is a result of high humidity
(moisture) condensing on the cool window glass. This
can be minimized if the climate control system is
used properly. There are two modes to clear fog or frost
from your windshield. Use the floor/defog mode to
clear the windows of fog or moisture and warm
the passengers. Use defrost to remove fog or frost from
the windshield more quickly.
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog or frost from the rear window.
The rear window defogger will only work when the
engine is running.
- (Floor/Defog):
Press the mode button until the
defog mode appears on the display. This mode directs
the air between the windshield, floor outlets and
side windows. When you select this mode, the system
turns off recirculation and runs the air-conditioning
compressor unless the outside temperature is near or
below freezing. The recirculation mode cannot be
selected while in the floor/defog mode.
1 (Defrost):
Press this button to direct most of the
air to the windshield, with some air directed to the
side windows. In this mode, the system will automatically
turn off the recirculation and run the air-conditioning
compressor, unless the outside temperature is near or
below freezing. Recirculation cannot be selected while in
the defrost mode. Do not drive the vehicle until all the
windows are clear.
= (Rear Window Defogger):
Press this button to
turn the rear window defogger on or off. Be sure to clear
as much snow from the rear window as possible.
The rear window defogger will turn off approximately
10 minutes after the button is pressed when traveling
less than 30 mph (48 km/h). If turned on again, the
defogger will only run for approximately five minutes
before turning off. The defogger can also be turned
off by pressing the button again or by turning off
the engine.
The heated outside rearview mirrors will heat to help
clear fog or frost from the surface of the mirrors
when the rear window defogger is on.
The rear window defogger and heated mirrors are
automatically disabled when the retractable hardtop is
moving or down.
Notice: Don’t use anything sharp on the inside of
the rear window. If you do, you could cut or damage
the warming grid, and the repairs wouldn’t be
covered by your warranty. Do not attach a temporary
vehicle license, tape, a decal or anything similar
to the defogger grid.
3-39
Outlet Adjustment
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
Use the thumbwheel to open or close the outlets.
The passenger compartment air filter removes certain
odor and particles from the air including pollen and dust
particles. Reductions in airflow, which may occur
more often in dusty areas, indicate that the filter may
need to be replaced early.
Operation Tips
• Clear away any ice, snow or leaves from the air
inlets at the base of the windshield that may
block the flow of air into your vehicle.
• Use of non-GM approved hood deflectors may
adversely affect the performance of the system.
• Keep the area around the base of the instrument
panel console and air path under the seats clear
of objects to help circulate the air inside of
your vehicle more effectively.
The filter should be replaced as part of the routine
scheduled maintenance. See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 6-4 for more information.
The passenger compartment air filter is located on the
passenger’s side of the engine compartment near
the battery. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for more information on location.
To check or replace the air filter, do the following:
1. With the hood open, unlatch and remove the
access panel.
2. Pull the old filter out of the housing.
3. Insert the new filter into the housing. The
filter should be fully inserted with the arrows
pointing up.
4. Reinstall the air filter access panel.
3-40
Warning Lights, Gages and
Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause
an expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you
or others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you will
see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they’re working. If you are
familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages
and warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays
on when you are driving, or when one of the gages
shows there may be a problem, check the section
that tells you what to do about it. Please follow this
manual’s advice. Waiting to do repairs can be
costly — and even dangerous. So please get to know
your warning lights and gages. They’re a big help.
Your vehicle may also have a Driver Information Center
that works along with the warning lights and gages.
See Driver Information Center (DIC) on page 3-57.
3-41
Instrument Panel Cluster
Your instrument panel cluster and Driver Information Center (DIC) are designed to let you know at a glance how the
vehicle is running. You’ll know how fast you’re going, about how much fuel you have left and many other things
you’ll need to know to drive safely and economically. The instrument panel cluster indicator warning lights, gages and
DIC messages are explained on the following pages.
United States shown, Canada similar
3-42
Speedometer and Odometer
Tachometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in either
miles per hour (mph) or kilometers per hour (km/h).
The tachometer displays the engine speed in thousands
of revolutions per minute (rpm).
There is only one scale for mph and km/h. Use
the Driver Information Center (DIC) controls to switch
between mph and km/h. See DIC Controls and Displays
on page 3-57 for more information. The cluster will
calculate the proper speed and move the needle to the
correct position. Either the MPH or the km/h telltale
will illuminate, depending on which measurement you
choose.
Fuel will shut off at about 6700 rpm.
The odometer is part of the Driver Information
Center (DIC). See DIC Controls and Displays on
page 3-57 for more information.
When the engine is first turned on, a chime will come
on for several seconds to remind people to fasten
their safety belts, unless the driver’s safety belt is
already buckled.
Trip Odometer
The trip odometer is part of the Driver Information
Center (DIC). See DIC Controls and Displays on
page 3-57 for more information.
If you continue to drive your vehicle at the fuel shut off
rpm, you could damage your engine. Be sure to
operate your vehicle below the fuel shut off rpm or
reduce your rpm quickly when the fuel shuts off.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on
until the driver’s belt is
buckled.
3-43
Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows a deployed air bag symbol.
The system checks the air bag’s electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. The system check includes the air bag
modules, the wiring and the diagnostic module. For
more information on the air bag system, see Air
Bag Systems on page 1-36.
This light will come on
when you start your
vehicle, and it will flash
for a few seconds.
Then the light should go
out. This means the
system is ready.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your air
bag system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
{CAUTION:
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle, it means the air bag system
may not be working properly. The air bags in
your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they
could even inflate without a crash. To help
avoid injury to yourself or others, have your
vehicle serviced right away if the air bag
readiness light stays on after you start your
vehicle.
The air bag readiness light should flash for a few
seconds when you turn the vehicle on. If the light doesn’t
come on then, have it fixed so it will be ready to warn
you if there is a problem.
3-44
Air Bag Off Light
{CAUTION:
If the passenger’s air bags are turned off for a
person who is not in a risk group identified by
the national government, that person will not
have the extra protection of the air bags. In a
crash, the air bags would not be able to inflate
and help protect the person sitting there. Do
not turn off the passenger’s air bags unless
the person sitting there is in a risk group. See
Air Bag Off Switch on page 1-44 for more on
this, including important safety information.
When you turn the passenger’s air bags off, this light
will come on and stay on to remind you that the air bags
have been turned off. This light will go off when you
turn the air bags back on. See Air Bag Off Switch
on page 1-44 for more on this, including important safety
information.
3-45
Voltmeter Gage
{CAUTION:
If the air bag readiness light ever comes on
when you have turned off the air bags, it
means that something may be wrong with the
air bag system. The passenger’s air bags
could inflate even though the switch is off. If
this ever happens, do not let anyone whom the
national government has identified as a
member of a passenger air bag risk group sit
in the passenger’s position (for example, do
not secure a rear-facing child restraint in your
vehicle) until you have your vehicle serviced.
See Air Bag Off Switch on page 1-44.
3-46
When the vehicle is in
accessory mode, the
voltmeter shows the
voltage output of your
battery. When the engine
is running, it shows
the voltage output of the
charging system.
The reading will change as the rate of charge changes
(with engine speed, for example), but if the voltmeter
reads at 9 volts or below, your instrument panel cluster
and other systems may shut down. The Driver
Information Center (DIC) will read LOW VOLTAGE
when your vehicle is at 10 volts or below. Have
it checked right away. Driving with the voltmeter reading
at 10 volts or below could drain your battery and
disable your vehicle.
Brake System Warning Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into two
parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can still
work and stop you. For good braking, though, you need
both parts working well.
If the light comes on while you are driving and you have
a LOW BRAKE FLUID message showing on the DIC,
pull off the road and stop carefully. You may notice that
the pedal is harder to push. Or, the pedal may go
closer to the floor. It may take longer to stop. If the light
is still on, have the vehicle towed for service. See
Towing Your Vehicle on page 4-32.
{CAUTION:
United States
Canada
This light should come on when you start the engine. If
it doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there’s a problem.
Your brake system may not be working
properly if the brake system warning light is
on. Driving with the brake system warning light
on can lead to an accident. If the light is still
on after you have pulled off the road and
stopped carefully, have the vehicle towed for
service.
If this warning light stays on after you start the engine,
the parking brake may still be set or there could be
a brake problem. Refer to Parking Brake on page 2-26
to see if it is set. If the parking brake is not set, have
your brake system inspected right away.
3-47
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning
Light
With the anti-lock brake
system, the light will come
on when your engine is
started and may stay on
for several seconds.
That’s normal.
If the light stays on, turn the ignition off. Or, if the light
comes on when you’re driving, stop as soon as possible
and turn the ignition off. Then start the engine again
to reset the system. If the light still stays on, or comes
on again while you’re driving, your vehicle needs
service. If the regular brake system warning light isn’t
on, you still have brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock
brakes. If the regular brake system warning light is also
on, you don’t have anti-lock brakes and there’s a
problem with your regular brakes. See “Service ABS”
under DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-59.
The anti-lock brake system warning light will come on
briefly when you turn the ignition on. This is normal.
If the light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will
be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
3-48
Traction Control System (TCS)
Warning Light
This light should come on
briefly as you start the
engine. If the light doesn’t
come on then, have it
fixed so it will be ready to
warn you if there’s a
problem.
The light will also come on while the Stabilitrak® system
warms up and the STABILITRAK WARMING message
will be displayed in the Driver Information Center (DIC).
If it stays on, or comes on and the DIC shows a
SERVICE TRACTION SYS message when you’re
driving, there’s a problem with your TCS and your
vehicle needs service. When this light is on, the system
will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
If the driver turns off TCS by pressing the button on
the console, the TCS system light will come on and the
TRACTION SYSTEM-OFF message will show on
the DIC.
If the light stays on or comes on while you are driving, a
chime sounds and a SERVICE STABILITRAK message
appears on the DIC, there is a problem with your
Stabilitrak® and the vehicle needs service.
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
You can acknowledge this message by pressing the
RESET button. When the SERVICE STABILITRAK
message is displayed, the Stabilitrak® system will not
assist you in controlling the vehicle. You should have the
system serviced as soon as possible. Adjust your
driving accordingly.
When the system is working, you will see the
STABILITRAK ACTIVE message displayed in the DIC.
You may also feel of hear the system working. This
is normal.
United States
Canada
If you turn off the Stabilitrak® system by pressing the
button on the console, the traction control system
light will come on, a chime will sound and the
TRAC/STABILITRAK OFF message will be displayed in
the DIC. The Traction Control System will also be
turned off. See DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 3-59 for more information.
This gage shows the engine coolant temperature.
If the Stabilitrak® system and Traction Control System
are turned off, pressing the console button momentarily
will turn both systems on. The DIC will display the
TRAC/STABILITRAK ON message, the instrument
cluster light will be off and a chime will sound. See DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 3-59 for more
information.
See Engine Overheating on page 5-23 for more
information.
As the pointer nears 260°F (125°C), your engine coolant
temperature is high. A message may display on the
Driver Information Center (DIC) depending on how high
the temperature is. See DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 3-59 for more information.
3-49
Tire Pressure Light
This light should come on
briefly as you start the
engine. It will then come on
only when a low tire
pressure condition exists.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
Check Engine Light
Your vehicle is equipped
with a computer which
monitors operation of the
fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
See Tire Pressure Monitor System on page 5-58 for
more information.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to
assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for the
life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
environment. The CHECK ENGINE light comes on to
indicate that there is a problem and service is required.
Malfunctions often will be indicated by the system
before any problem is apparent. This may prevent more
serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also
designed to assist your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
3-50
Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle with this
light on, after a while, your emission controls
may not work as well, your fuel economy may not
be as good and your engine may not run as
smoothly. This could lead to costly repairs that may
not be covered by your warranty.
Notice: Modifications made to the engine,
transmission, exhaust, intake or fuel system of your
vehicle or the replacement of the original tires
with other than those of the same Tire Performance
Criteria (TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission
controls and may cause this light to come on.
Modifications to these systems could lead to costly
repairs not covered by your warranty. This may
also result in a failure to pass a required Emission
Inspection/Maintenance test.
This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is
not running. If the light does not come on, have it
repaired. This light will also come on during a
malfunction in one of two ways:
• Light On Steady — An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Diagnosis and service may be required.
If the Light Is Flashing
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
• Reducing vehicle speed.
• Avoiding hard accelerations.
• Avoiding steep uphill grades.
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady, see “If
the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart
the engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If
the Light Is On Steady” following. If the light is still
flashing, follow the previous steps, and see your dealer
for service as soon as possible.
• Light Flashing — A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions
and may damage the emission control system on
your vehicle. Diagnosis and service may be
required.
3-51
If the Light Is On Steady
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
You also may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel. See
Gasoline Octane on page 5-4. Poor fuel quality will
cause your engine not to run as efficiently as designed.
You may notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling
when you put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation
on acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.)
This will be detected by the system and cause the
light to turn on.
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. See Filling Your Tank on page 5-7. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has
been left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing
fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere.
A few driving trips with the cap properly installed
should turn the light off.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
3-52
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least
one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
your dealer can check the vehicle. Your dealer has
the proper test equipment and diagnostic tools to fix any
mechanical or electrical problems that may have
developed.
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
Programs
Some state/provincial and local governments have or
may begin programs to inspect the emission control
equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass this
inspection could prevent you from getting a vehicle
registration.
Here are some things you need to know to help your
vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the CHECK
ENGINE light is on or not working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD
(on-board diagnostic) system determines that critical
emission control systems have not been completely
diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would be
considered not ready for inspection. This can happen if
you have recently replaced your battery or if your
battery has run down. The diagnostic system is
designed to evaluate critical emission control systems
during normal driving. This may take several days
of routine driving. If you have done this and your vehicle
still does not pass the inspection for lack of OBD
system readiness, your GM dealer can prepare the
vehicle for inspection.
3-53
Engine Oil Pressure Gage
{CAUTION:
Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If
you do, your engine can become so hot that it
catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have
your vehicle serviced.
United States
Canada
The engine oil pressure gage shows the engine oil
pressure in psi (pounds per square inch) or kPa
(kilopascals) when the engine is running.
Oil pressure should be 20 to 80 psi (140 to 550 kPa).
In certain situations such as long, extended idles on hot
days, it could read as low as 6 psi (40 kPa) and still
be considered normal. It may vary with engine speed,
outside temperature and oil viscosity. The Driver
Information Center (DIC) may display messages
regarding the oil condition. See DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 3-59 and Engine Oil on page 5-13.
3-54
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance may
damage the engine. The repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Always follow the
maintenance schedule in this manual for changing
engine oil.
Security Light
For information
regarding this light,
see Theft-Deterrent
Systems on page 2-17.
Fog Lamp Light
Lights On Reminder
This light will come on
when the fog lamps are
in use. It will go out
when the fog lamps are
turned off.
This light comes
on whenever the
headlamps are on.
United States Only
For more information about the fog lamps, see “Fog
Lamps” under Exterior Lamps on page 3-24.
3-55
Fuel Gage
Your fuel gage tells you
about how much fuel you
have left when the
ignition is on.
Here are five things that some owners ask about.
All these things are normal and do not indicate that
anything is wrong with the fuel gage.
• At the gas station, the gas pump shuts off before
the gage reads the full symbol.
• It takes more (or less) fuel to fill up than the gage
reads. For example, the gage reads half full, but it
took more (or less) than half of the tank’s
capacity to fit it.
• The gage pointer may move while cornering,
braking or speeding up.
• The gage may not indicate the tank is empty when
the ignition is turned off.
When the needle approaches the low fuel symbol, LOW
FUEL will appear on the Driver Information Center (DIC)
display. At this time, you still have a little fuel left, but
you should get more soon.
Press RESET to acknowledge a DIC message(s).
Pressing RESET will also turn off a DIC message but
the LOW FUEL message will come on again in
10 minutes if you have not added fuel to the vehicle.
3-56
• The gage reading may change slightly within the
first several minutes after starting the vehicle.
You can use the Driver Information Center (DIC) to
display more detailed fuel information. While scrolling
through the DIC, you will also find:
DIC Controls and Displays
The Driver Information
Center (DIC) buttons are
located to the right of
the steering wheel on the
instrument panel, near
the air outlets.
• AVERAGE XX.X MPG (Average Miles Per
Gallon): The fuel economy calculated for the last
20 gallons (76 L) of fuel used, or since you last
reset the display.
• INST XX.X MPG (Instantaneous Miles Per
Gallon): The fuel economy calculated for your
current driving conditions.
• RANGE XXX MI: The approximate distance you
can drive before refueling.
See DIC Controls and Displays on page 3-57 for more
information.
You should reset the fuel information display every
time you refuel. To reset AVERAGE, use the information
up or down button to scroll to AVE FUEL ECON and
hold the reset button. RANGE will automatically reset.
Driver Information Center (DIC)
This display gives you the status of many of your
vehicle’s systems. The DIC is also used to display driver
personalization features and warning/status messages.
All messages will appear in the DIC display, located
at the bottom of the instrument panel cluster.
«4ª (Information): Press the top or bottom of this
button to scroll through the available features which
include the odometer, trip odometers, fuel range, miles
per gallon, average speed, timer, tire pressure and
remaining oil life.
+ (Interior Lamps):
Press this button to turn the
interior lamps on and off.
OPTION: Press this button to choose personal options
that are available on you vehicle.
3-57
RESET: Press this button to reset a feature. It is also
used to switch between English and Metric options.
Use the information button to scroll through the following
options:
ODOMETER: This feature shows how far the vehicle
has been driven in either miles or kilometers. Use
the ENG/METRIC feature to switch between English
and Metric units.
TRIP A: This feature will record the distance traveled
since the last time it was reset. Press and hold the
RESET button to return to zero. If your vehicle is first
sold in the United States, the trip odometer will return to
zero after 999.9 miles (1 609 km). If your vehicle is
first sold in Canada, the trip odometer will return to zero
after 1,242 miles (1 999 km).
TRIP B: This feature allows you to record the distance
traveled during a second trip and functions the same
as TRIP A.
RANGE xxx MI: This feature shows about how many
miles you can drive without refilling your fuel tank. Once
the range drops below 40 miles (64 km) remaining,
the display will show LOW.
3-58
AVERAGE xx.x MPG (Average Miles Per
Gallon): This feature shows the approximate fuel
economy you have averaged since the last time you
reset the value. To reset the average miles per gallon,
press the information button to display AVERAGE
xx.x MPG then press and hold the RESET button until
AVERAGE 0.00 MPG is displayed.
INST xx.x MPG (Instantaneous Miles Per
Gallon): This feature shows the instantaneous fuel
economy which varies with your driving conditions, such
as acceleration, braking and the grade of the road
being traveled. The RESET button does not function in
this mode.
AVERAGE SPEED: This feature shows the average
speed you have traveled at since the last time you reset
the value. To reset the value, press the information
button to display AVERAGE SPEED then press and hold
the RESET button until AVERAGE SPEED 00.0 is
displayed.
ELAPSED TIME: This feature is like a stopwatch, in
that you can clock the time it takes to get from one point
to another.
To operate, press the information button to display
ELAPSED TIME. Each of the fields for the hours,
minutes and seconds are two numeric digits.
Once ELAPSED TIME 00:00:00 is displayed, press the
RESET button to start the timing feature. Press the
RESET button again to stop it. If you will be starting and
stopping your vehicle, during a trip for instance, the
ELAPSED TIME feature will automatically start timing
where it left off when you last stopped. To reset it, press
and hold the RESET button until the display reads
ELAPSED TIME 00:00:00. Press the information button
to exit from the ELAPSED TIME display.
DIC Warnings and Messages
FRONT Lxx Rxx PSI: This feature shows the tire
pressure for the front left and right tires.
DIC messages can also be displayed in English,
French, German, Italian and Spanish.
REAR Lxx Rxx PSI: This feature shows the tire
pressure for the rear left and right tires.
ABS ACTIVE: When your anti-lock system is adjusting
brake pressure to help avoid a braking skid, the ABS
ACTIVE message will be displayed.
OIL LIFE: This feature shows the estimated oil life
remaining. Press the information button to display
OIL LIFE, then press and hold the RESET button until
100% OIL LIFE is displayed. This only needs to be reset
after you have had the oil changed.
Slippery road conditions may exist if this message is
displayed, so adjust your driving accordingly. The
message may stay on for a few seconds after the
system stops adjusting brake pressure.
ENG/METRIC (English/Metric): This feature allows
you to switch the DIC displays between English
and Metric. Press the RESET button to switch the
display between English and Metric. There will be
an arrow next to the option that is selected.
These messages will appear if there is a problem
sensed in one of your vehicle’s systems. You must then
press RESET to clear the display screen for further
use. However, be sure to take any message that
appears on the display screen seriously and remember
that pressing the RESET button will only make the
message disappear, not the problem.
BATTERY SAVER ACTIVE: This message is displayed
when the vehicle has detected that the battery voltage
is dropping beyond a reasonable point. The battery
saver system will start reducing certain features of the
vehicle that you may not be able to notice. At the
point that features are disabled, this message is
displayed. It means that the vehicle is trying to save the
charge in the battery. Turn off unnecessary accessories
to allow the battery to recharge.
3-59
CHANGE OIL NOW: This means that the life of the
engine oil has expired and it should be changed within
200 miles. After an oil change, the Oil Life Indicator
must be reset. See Oil Life Indicator on page 3-72.
See Engine Oil on page 5-13.
CHARGE SYSTEM FAULT: This message will display
when a problem with the charging system has been
detected. Have your vehicle serviced at your dealership.
CHECK GAS CAP: This message will appear if the
gas cap has not been fully tightened. You should
recheck your gas cap to ensure that it’s on properly.
CLEAN RADAR CRUISE: On vehicles with Adaptive
Cruise Control (ACC), this message indicates the
ACC system is disabled because the radar is blocked
and cannot detect vehicles in your path. It may also
activate during heavy rain or due to road spray. To clean
the system, see “Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC)”
under Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-7.
CLOSE CARGO COVER: This message indicates that
the cargo cover is not in place. Open the trunk and
make sure the cargo cover is secure and no objects are
on the cover. See Rear Storage Area on page 2-43
for more information.
3-60
COOLANT OVER TEMP: This message will appear
when the engine coolant temperature is too hot.
Stop and allow your vehicle to idle in PARK (P) until it
cools down and the message is removed. Do not
increase engine speed above a normal idle. If it does
not cool down, turn off the engine and have it serviced
before driving it again. Severe engine damage can
result from an overheated engine. See Engine
Overheating on page 5-23.
CRUISE NOT READY: On vehicles with Adaptive
Cruise Control (ACC), this message indicates that ACC
will not activate due to a temporary condition. Your
vehicle does not require service. If this message
appears when you attempt to activate the system,
continue driving for several minutes then try again to
activate the system.
DRIVER NO. X (1 OR 2): This message will be
displayed when the vehicle is started or when there is a
change of driver. The message will show which driver
is activating the personalization feature. It will only
stay on for five seconds.
ENGINE HOT, STOP ENGINE: This message will
appear when the engine has overheated. Stop and turn
the engine off immediately to avoid severe engine
damage. See Engine Overheating on page 5-23. A
multiple chime will also sound when this message
is displayed.
ENGINE PROTECTION REDUCE ENGINE RPM: If this
message appears, the control system has determined
that continued operation at the existing engine
speed may lead to engine overheating. Therefore, you
should lower the engine speed by upshifting the
transmission or drive at a lower speed.
HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED: If it’s dark enough
outside and the headlamps and Twilight Sentinel®
controls are off, this message will display on the DIC.
This message informs the driver that turning on the
exterior lamps is recommended even though the DRL
are still illuminated. It has become dark enough outside
to require the headlamps and/or other exterior lamps.
This message will also appear if the optional
Rainsense™ wiping feature is on and the Twilight
Sentinel® is off.
You can monitor battery voltage on the DIC by pressing
the INFO button. The normal range is 11.5 to 15.5 volts
when the engine is running.
HOT ENGINE–A/C OFF: This message displays when
the engine coolant becomes hotter than the normal
operating temperature. To avoid added strain on a hot
engine, the air conditioning compressor is automatically
turned off. When the coolant temperature returns to
normal, the A/C operation will automatically resume.
You can continue to drive your vehicle. If this message
continues to appear, have the system repaired as
soon as possible to avoid compressor damage.
ICE POSSIBLE: This message appears when the
outside air temperature is cold enough to create icy
road conditions.
HIGH TRANS TEMP: This message indicates that the
transaxle fluid in your vehicle is too hot. Stop and
allow your vehicle to idle until it cools down or until this
message is removed.
LEFT DOOR AJAR: This message will display anytime
the vehicle engine is running, the transmission is not
in PARK (P) and the driver’s door is open or ajar.
A chime will sound when the vehicle’s speed is greater
than 3 mph (4.8 km/h).
HIGH VOLTAGE: This message shows that the
electrical charging system is overcharging. To avoid
being stranded, have the electrical system checked by
your dealership. You can reduce the charging
overload by using the accessories. Turn on the lamps
and radio, set the climate control on AUTO and the
fan speed on HI, and turn the rear window defogger on.
LOW BRAKE FLUID: This message will display if the
vehicle is running to inform the driver that the brake
fluid level is low. Have the brake system serviced by a
technician as soon as possible. See “Brake Fluid”
under Brakes on page 5-35.
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LOW COOLANT: This message will appear when there
is a low level of engine coolant. Have the cooling
system serviced by a technician as soon as possible.
See Engine Coolant on page 5-20.
LOW FUEL: This message will appear when the fuel
supply is less than 5 gallons (18.9 L) and the display is
turned off. A single chime will also sound when this
message is displayed.
LOW OIL LEVEL: For correct operation of the low oil
sensing system, your vehicle should be on a level
surface. A false LOW OIL LEVEL message may appear
if the vehicle is parked on a grade. The oil level
sensing system does not check for actual oil level if the
engine has been off for a short period of time, and
the oil level is never checked while the engine is
running. If the LOW OIL LEVEL message appears, and
your vehicle has been parked on level ground with
the engine off for at least 30 minutes, the oil level should
be checked by observing the oil dipstick. Prior to
checking the oil level, be sure the engine has been off
for a few minutes and your vehicle is on a level
surface. Then check the dipstick and add oil if
necessary. See Engine Oil on page 5-13.
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LOW OIL PRESSURE: If this message appears while
the engine is running, stop the engine and do not
operate it until the cause of low oil pressure is corrected.
Severe damage to the engine can result. A multiple
chime will sound when this message is displayed.
LOW VOLTAGE: This message will appear when the
electrical system is charging less than 10 volts or if
the battery has been drained. If this message appears
immediately after starting, it is possible that the
generator can still recharge the battery. The battery
should recharge while driving but may take a few hours
to do so. Consider using an auxiliary charger (be
sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions) to boost
the battery after returning home or to a final destination.
If this message appears while driving or after starting
your vehicle and stays on, have it checked immediately
to determine the cause of this problem. To help the
generator recharge the battery quickly, you can reduce
the load on the electrical system by turning off the
accessories. You can monitor battery voltage on the DIC
by pressing the INFO button. The normal range is
11.5 to 15.5 volts.
LOW WASHER FLUID: This message means that your
vehicle is low on windshield washer fluid. See
Windshield Washer Fluid on page 5-33.
MAX SPEED XX MPH (XX KM/H): A failure in the
magnetic ride control system has occurred when
this message appears. The Powertrain Control
Module (PCM) determines the speed to which your
vehicle is limited. Have your vehicle serviced if
this message appears.
NO FOB DETECTED: This message is displayed if the
vehicle does not detect the presence of a keyless
access transmitter when you have attempted to start the
vehicle or a vehicle door has just closed. The following
conditions may cause this message to appear:
• Driver-added equipment, such as two-way radios or
power inverters, is causing interference. Try moving
the keyless access transmitter away from these
devices when starting the vehicle.
• The vehicle is experiencing Electro-Magnetic
Interference (EMI). Some locations, such as
airports, have EMI fields which may interfere with
your keyless access transmitter. If moving the
transmitter to different locations within the vehicle
does not help, place the transmitter in the glove box
transmitter pocket with the buttons facing to the
right while pressing the START button.
NO FOB, OFF OR RUN?: This message is displayed
when you turn off the engine, but the vehicle does
not detect a keyless access transmitter in the vehicle.
The vehicle will remain in ACCESSORY until OFF
or START has been pressed or 10 minutes has expired.
If you select OFF, the vehicle cannot be started again
without a remote access transmitter in the vehicle.
OVER SPEED WARNING: This message is displayed
when the vehicle speed exceeds a certain limit as
required by some export countries. A chime will sound
when this message is displayed.
PRESS BRAKE TO START: The brake pedal must be
applied to start the vehicle. Make sure you are
pressing the brake pedal all the way down.
REDUCED ENGINE POWER: This message informs
you that the vehicle is reducing engine power because
the transaxle is being placed in gear under conditions
that may cause damage to the vehicle’s engine,
transaxle or ability to accelerate.
RIGHT DOOR AJAR: The passenger’s door is open or
ajar when this message appears. The vehicle must
be running and the transmission not in PARK (P) for this
message to display. A chime will sound if the vehicle’s
speed is greater than 3 mph (5 km/h).
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SERVICE A/C: This message appears when the
electronic sensors that control the air conditioning and
heating systems are no longer working. Have the climate
control system serviced if you notice a drop in heating
and air conditioning efficiency.
SERVICE ABS: If the SERVICE ABS message is
displayed when you are driving, stop as soon as
possible and turn the ignition off. Then start the engine
again to reset the system. If the message stays on,
or comes back on again while you are driving,
your vehicle is in need of service.
If the SERVICE ABS message is being displayed, your
Traction Control System and Stabilitrak® System will
also be disabled. The Driver Information Center
will scroll three messages: SERVICE ABS, SERVICE
TRACTION SYS and SERVICE STABILITRAK, and the
traction control warning light on the instrument panel
cluster will be illuminated. The driver can acknowledge
these messages by pressing the RESET button
three times. When the service message is displayed the
computer controlled systems will not assist the driver
and you should have the system repaired as soon
as possible. Adjust your driving accordingly.
SERVICE ELECT SYSTEM: This message will display
if an electrical problem has occurred within the
Powertrain Control Module (PCM) or the ignition switch.
Have your vehicle serviced by your dealership.
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SERVICE FUEL SYSTEM: The Powertrain Control
Module (PCM) has detected a problem within the fuel
system when this message appears. Have your
vehicle serviced by your dealership. This message will
also be displayed when the cluster is not getting
fuel information from the PCM.
SERVICE RADAR CRUISE: This message indicates
that the Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) system is
disabled and needs service.
SERVICE RIDE CONTROL: This message indicates
there is a problem with the Magnetic Ride Control
System. Have your vehicle serviced by your dealership.
SERVICE TRACTION SYS: This message indicates
there is a problem with the Traction Control
System (TCS). Have your vehicle serviced by
your dealership.
SERVICE STABILITRAK: If this message appears it
means there may be a problem with your stability
enhancement system. If you see this message, try to
reset the system (stop, turn off the engine, then start the
engine again). If the SERVICE STABILITRAK message
still comes on, it means there is a problem. You
should see your dealer for service. Reduce your speed
and drive accordingly. A single chime will also sound
when this message is displayed.
SERVICE TRANSMISSION: This message indicates
that there is a problem with the transmission. Have your
vehicle serviced by your dealership.
SERVICE VEHICLE SOON: This message is displayed
when a non-emissions related powertrain malfunction
occurs. Have your vehicle serviced by a technician
as soon as possible.
SHIFT TO PARK: This message indicates that the
vehicle is not in PARK (P) when the engine is being
turned off. The vehicle will be in ACCESSORY.
Once the shifter is moved to PARK (P), the vehicle
will turn off.
STABILITRAK ACTIVE: You may see the
STABILITRAK ACTIVE message on the Driver
Information Center. It means that an advanced,
computer-controlled system has come on to help your
vehicle continue to go in the direction in which you’re
steering. This stability enhancement system activates
when the computer senses that your vehicle is just
starting to spin, as it might if you hit a patch of ice or
other slippery spot on the road. When the system is on,
you may hear a noise or feel a vibration in the brake
pedal. This is normal.
When the STABILITRAK ACTIVE message is on, you
should continue to steer in the direction you want to go.
The system is designed to help you in bad weather
or other difficult driving situations by making the most of
whatever road conditions will permit. If the
STABILITRAK ACTIVE message comes on, you’ll know
that something has caused your vehicle to start to
spin, so you should consider slowing down. A single
chime will also sound when this message is displayed.
STABILITRAK READY: If you receive this message
and hear a chime, the system has completed the
functional check of the Stabilitrak® System.
STABILITRAK WARMING: When you first start your
vehicle and drive away, especially during cold winter
weather, the STABILITRAK WARMING message may
be displayed in the DIC along with a chime and the
traction control warning light. This is normal. You can
acknowledge this message by pressing the RESET
button. The Stabilitrak® performance is affected until
the STABILITRAK READY message is displayed in
the DIC.
SVC TIRE MONITOR: If this message comes on, a
part on the Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM) is not working
properly. If you drive your vehicle while any of the
four sensors are missing or inoperable, the warning will
come on in approximately 10 minutes. If all four
sensors are missing, the warning will come on in
approximately 15 to 20 minutes. (All the sensors would
be missing, for example, if you put different wheels
on your vehicle without transferring the sensors.) If the
warning comes on and stays on, there may be a
problem with the TPM. See your dealer.
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TOO COLD TO MOVE TOP: This message will display
when the retractable hardtop button is pressed and
the hardtop pump motor temperature is below -4°F
(-20°C). Wait for the hardtop pump motor to warm up
before using the retractable hardtop.
TOP INOP – VALET ON: This message will display
when the retractable hardtop button is pressed and the
valet switch is on. Turn off the valet switch before
using the retractable hardtop.
TOP INOP OUT OF PARK: This message will display
if the retractable hardtop button is pressed while the
vehicle is not in PARK (P).
TOP MOTOR OVER TEMP: This message will display
when the retractable hardtop button is pressed and
the hardtop pump motor temperature is over 185°F
(85°C). Wait for the hardtop pump motor to cool down
before using the retractable hardtop.
TOP NOT SECURE: This message will display when
the retractable hardtop button is released before the top
open or close operation is complete. Press and hold
the retractable hardtop button to fully open or close
the top.
TRAC SYSTEM ACTIVE: When your traction control
system is limiting wheel spin, the TRACTION SYSTEM
ACTIVE message will be displayed. Slippery road
conditions may exist if this message is displayed, so
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adjust your driving accordingly. This message will stay
on for a few seconds after the traction control system
stops limited wheel spin.
TRAC/STABILITRAK OFF: This message indicates
that both the Traction Control System (TCS) and
Stabilitrak® are off. The message will remain until
RESET is pressed or the systems are turned on again.
TRAC/STABILITRAK ON: This message indicates
that both the Traction Control System (TCS) and
the Stabilitrak® are on.
TRACTION SYSTEM OFF: This message indicates
that the Traction Control System (TCS) is off but
Stabilitrak® remains on.
TRACTION SYSTEM ON: This message indicates that
the Traction Control System (TCS) is on, but
Stabilitrak® is off.
TRUNK AJAR: This message indicates that the
trunk is open while the vehicle is running and not
in PARK (P).
WAIT FOR STABILITRAK: This message will be
displayed after driving 19 mph (30 km/h) for 10 seconds
if the steering is not centered. Stabilitrak® is not
available until the steering centers itself and the
STABILITRAK READY message is displayed in the DIC.
Other Messages
Here are more messages that you can receive on your
Driver Information Center (DIC). To acknowledge a
message and read another message that may have
come on at the same time, press the RESET button.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1st GEAR
2nd GEAR
3rd GEAR
4th GEAR
5th GEAR
ACCESSORY MODE ACTIVE
CHANGE OIL SOON
(See “GM Oil Life System™” under Engine Oil
on page 5-13.)
•
•
•
•
•
•
FOB BATTERY LOW
HIGH TIRE PRESS LF
HIGH TIRE PRESS RF
HIGH TIRE PRESS LR
HIGH TIRE PRESS RR
INTRUSION SENSOR OFF
• INTRUSION SENSOR ON
• KNOWN FOB
• LEFT FRONT TIRE FLAT MAX SPD 55,
REDUCED HNDLG
• LEFT REAR TIRE FLAT MAX SPD 55,
REDUCED HNDLG
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
LOW TIRE PRESS LF
LOW TIRE PRESS RF
LOW TIRE PRESS LR
LOW TIRE PRESS RR
MAX # FOBS LEARNED
NO FOB, OFF OR RUN?
NO FOBS DETECTED
OFF-ACC TO LEARN
READY FOR FOB #X
RIGHT FRT TIRE FLAT MAX SPD 55,
REDUCED HNDLG
• RIGHT REAR TIRE FLAT MAX SPD 55,
REDUCED HNDLG
• WAIT XX MINUTES
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DIC Vehicle Personalization
Feature Programming
Your vehicle is equipped with personalization capabilities
that allows you to program certain features to a
preferred setting for up to two drivers.
To change feature preferences, make sure the vehicle
is running and in PARK (P). Press the OPTIONS button
and the DIC will display the current driver for a few
seconds, then display the first personalization menu
item. You can now use the OPTIONS button to change
the setting of the displayed feature. Press the top or
bottom of the information button to scroll up or down the
list of features. When you get to a feature you want to
change, press the OPTIONS button again. When
you are finished, press the RESET button to exit the
personalization menu. If no button is pressed within
45 seconds, the DIC will exit the personalization menu.
The current driver’s preferences are recalled when one
of the following occurs:
• The lock or unlock button on the keyless access
transmitter is pressed.
• The appropriate memory button, 1 or 2, located on
the driver s seat is pressed.
• A valid keyless access transmitter is detected upon
opening the driver door.
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The following are DIC options that will be available
in the personalization menu.
Auto Recall
Approach Lights
This feature allows the steering column, outside mirrors
and the driver’s seat to automatically move to the
current driver’s set position when the engine starts.
The DIC will display AUTO RECALL OFF or AUTO
RECALL ON. Press the OPTIONS button to change
the setting.
Auto Exit Recall
This feature activates the parking lamps, front fog lamps
and back-up lamps during low light periods when the
unlock button on the keyless access transmitter is
pressed, both doors are closed and the vehicle is off or
in RAP. The lamps remain on for 20 seconds or until
a door is opened, the lock button on the keyless access
transmitter is pressed or the vehicle is no longer off
or in RAP.
This feature allows the steering column and driver’s
seat to automatically move to the current driver’s
exit position when one of the following occurs:
The DIC will display APPROACH LIGHTS OFF or
APPROACH LIGHTS ON. Press the OPTIONS button
to change the setting.
• The vehicle is turned off or in RAP or ACCESSORY
mode and the driver’s door is opened.
• The vehicle is turned off or in RAP and the unlock
button on the Keyless Access transmitter is
pressed.
The DIC will display AUTO EXIT RECALL OFF or
AUTO EXIT RECALL ON. Press the OPTIONS button
to change the setting.
Exit Lights
This feature activates the parking lamps and front fog
lamps for 15, 30 or 90 seconds. This will occur when the
vehicle is off or in RAP and the headlamps are on
due to the automatic headlamp system. The parking
lamps and front fog lamps will remain on until the driver
selected time period expires, the exterior lamp control
is activated or the vehicle is no longer off or in RAP.
The DIC will display EXIT LIGHTS OFF, EXIT
LIGHTS - 15 SEC, EXIT LIGHTS - 30 SEC or EXIT
LIGHTS - 90 SEC. Press the OPTIONS button to
change the setting.
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Flash at Unlock
FOB Reminder
This feature activates the front and rear turn signals for
two short flashes when the unlock or trunk button on
the keyless access transmitter is pressed or when
OnStar® unlocks the doors. This will only occur when
the vehicle is off.
This feature sounds the horn three times when the
driver door is closed and there is a keyless access
transmitter inside the interior of the vehicle. This will
only occur when the vehicle is off.
The DIC will display FOB REMINDER OFF or FOB
REMINDER HORN. Press the OPTIONS button
to change the setting.
The DIC will display NO FLASH AT UNLOCK or FLASH
AT UNLOCK. Press the OPTIONS button to change
the setting.
Flash at Lock
This feature activates the front and rear turn signals for
one long flash when the lock button on the keyless
access transmitter is pressed or when OnStar® locks the
doors. This will only occur when the vehicle is off. If
the lock button is pressed again within five seconds, the
horn will sound regardless of which setting you have
selected.
The DIC will display NO FLASH AT LOCK or FLASH
AT LOCK. Press the OPTIONS button to change
the setting.
Passive Locking
This feature automatically locks the doors when:
• no keyless access transmitter is in the vehicle while
closing either door, resulting in both doors being
closed,
• the vehicle is off, and
• both doors have been closed for five seconds.
This feature may be temporarily disabled by pressing
the unlock button on the door while the door is
open. Passive locking will then remain disabled until the
lock button on the door is pressed or the vehicle is
no longer off.
You can also select to have the horn sound once when
the passive lock occurs.
The DIC will display PASSIVE LOCKING OFF, SILENT
PASSIVE LOCK or HORN AT PASSIVE LOCK.
Press the OPTIONS button to change the setting.
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Auto Lock
Park Assist
This feature automatically locks the doors when the one
of the following occurs:
This feature tilts the passenger’s side mirror downward
when the shifter is moved to REVERSE (R). This
can help you to see the curb while backing up. If you
adjust the mirror while in REVERSE (R), the new
position will be saved as the park assist position.
• The shift lever is moved from PARK (P) while both
doors are closed and the engine is running.
• The shift lever is not in PARK (P), the brake pedal
is pressed and either door is closed, resulting in
both doors being closed, then the brake pedal
is released.
• The shift lever is not in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)
and the brake pedal is not pressed, either door
is closed resulting in both doors being closed
and the vehicle speed reaches or exceeds about
3 mph (5 km/h).
The DIC will display AUTO LOCK OFF or AUTO LOCK
ON. Press the OPTIONS button to change the setting.
Auto Unlock
This feature automatically unlocks either the driver’s
door or both doors, depending on the setting, when the
shift lever is moved to PARK (P). This feature is only
available when the auto lock feature is set to AUTO
LOCK ON.
The DIC will display AUTO UNLOCK OFF, AUTO
UNLOCK DRIVER or AUTO UNLOCK BOTH.
Press the OPTIONS button to change the setting.
The DIC will display PARK ASSIST OFF or PARK
ASSIST ON.
Language
This feature allows you to select the language the DIC,
and Head-Up Display (HUD) if equipped, uses to
display messages.
The DIC will display ENGLISH, FRENCH, GERMAN,
ITALIAN, JAPANESE or SPANISH. Press the OPTIONS
button to change the setting.
If you become stuck in a language that you don’t
understand, hold the OPTIONS and RESET button for
five seconds. The DIC will scroll through all available
languages for as long as the buttons are held.
Each language option will display in its own language.
For example, English will be displayed as ENGLISH,
Spanish as ESPANOL, etc. When the desired language
is available, release the buttons and the DIC will set
to this language.
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Trip Computer
Oil Life Indicator
This feature lets you know when to change the engine
oil. It’s based on the engine oil temperatures and
your driving patterns.
To see the display, press the information button several
times until OIL LIFE appears. If you see 99% OIL
LIFE, 99 percent of your current oil life remains.
The DIC may display a CHANGE OIL NOW message.
For more information, see Scheduled Maintenance
on page 6-4. If you see CHANGE OIL NOW, it means
the oil life is gone and you should change the oil
right away. The system doesn’t check how much oil you
have, so you’ll still have to check for that. To see
how, see Engine Oil on page 5-13.
When the oil is changed, you’ll need to reset the
system. See Engine Oil on page 5-13. Always keep a
written record of the mileage and date when you
changed your oil.
Audio System(s)
Notice: Before you add any sound equipment to
your vehicle – like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio – be sure you can
add what you want. If you can, it’s very important to
do it properly. Added sound equipment may
interfere with the operation of your vehicle’s engine,
radio or other systems, and even damage them.
Your vehicle’s systems may interfere with the
operation of sound equipment that has been added
improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
Your audio system has been designed to operate easily
and to give years of listening pleasure. You will get
the most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself with
it first. Figure out which radio you have in your vehicle,
find out what your audio system can do and how to
operate all of its controls to be sure you’re getting the
most out of the advanced engineering that went into it.
Your vehicle has a feature called Retained Accessory
Power (RAP). With RAP, you can play your audio
system even after the ignition is turned off. See
“Retained Accessory Power (RAP)” under Ignition
Positions on page 2-19.
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Navigation/Radio System
Radio Personalization with Home
and Away Feature
If DRIVER 1 (HOME or AWAY) PRESETS or DRIVER 2
(HOME or AWAY) PRESETS appears in the display
when the radio is first turned on, your vehicle is
equipped with this feature.
Navigation/Radio Display and Controls
The display screen is located in the center of the
instrument panel. There are “hard” buttons and a touch
sensitive screen.
Your vehicle is equipped with an AM-FM radio
navigation system that includes digital signal
processing (DSP), radio data system (RDS) with
program type selections (PTY) that will seek out the
kind of music you want to listen to. The radio system can
also communicate with your navigation system to
broadcast announcements on traffic, weather, and
emergency alert communications. For information on
how to use this system, see the “Navigation System”
manual.
This feature allows the driver to return to the last used
audio source (radio, cassette, or CD) using the
remote keyless entry transmitter. This feature can also
store and recall AM and FM presets, volume, tone,
and the last selected radio station. The number on the
back of each transmitter (1 or 2) corresponds to
driver 1 or 2. If transmitter 1 is used to enter the vehicle,
the last used audio source and/or settings set by
driver 1 will be recalled. If transmitter 2 is used to enter
the vehicle, the last used audio source and/or settings
set by driver 2 will be recalled. The settings can also
be recalled by pressing the MEMORY seat
buttons 1 or 2 located on the driver’s door.
Your radio can store home and away presets. Home
and away presets allow you to use one set of preset
radio settings in the area where you live, and another
set when you go out of town. You will not need to
reprogram your presets every time you travel. With the
radio off and the time displayed, use fast forward
and reverse to select home or away presets.
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To select the away presets, press and hold FF for
five seconds until you hear a beep. The next time the
radio comes on, the away presets will be active.
To select the home presets, press and hold RW for
five seconds until you hear a beep. The next time the
radio comes on, the home presets will be active.
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Some audio controls can
be adjusted at the steering
wheel. They include the
following:
When battery power is removed and later applied, you
will not have to reset your home radio presets
because the radio remembers them. However, you will
have to reset your away radio presets.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCK® is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. Your vehicle has a “built in” theft-deterrent feature
on each radio that is automatic – there is no
programming required. The radio in your vehicle cannot
be used in any other vehicle. When the radio was
originally installed in your vehicle at the factory, it stored
the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). Each time
the ignition is turned on, the VIN is verified. If the
vehicle’s VIN does not match the VIN stored in the
radio, THEFTLOCK® will be activated and the audio
system will not play. If the radio is removed from your
vehicle, the original VIN in the radio can be used to trace
the radio back to your vehicle.
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g (Voice Recognition):
See “OnStar® Steering
Wheel Controls” under OnStar® System on page 2-35
for more information.
SRCE (Source): Press this button to switch between
FM1, FM2, and AM, and XM1 and XM2 (48 contiguous
US states, if equipped), and to switch between radio,
CD, and DVD.
Understanding Radio Reception
Cellular Phone Usage
AM
Cellular phone usage may cause interference with your
vehicle’s radio. This interference may occur when making
or receiving phone calls, charging the phone’s battery, or
simply having the phone on. This interference is
described as an increased level of static while listening to
the radio. If you notice static while listening to the radio,
unplug the cellular phone and turn it off.
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km).
Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to come and go.
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States)
XM™ Satellite Radio Service gives you digital radio
reception from coast to coast. Just as with FM,
tall buildings or hills can interfere with satellite radio
signals, causing the sound to come and go. Your radio
may display NO XM SIGNAL to indicate interference.
Care of Your CDs
Handle CDs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct
sunlight and dust. If the surface of a CD is soiled,
dampen a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent
solution and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the side without writing when
handling CDs. Pick up CDs by grasping the outer edges
or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.
Care of Your CD Player
The use of CD lens cleaners for CDs is not advised,
due to the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics
with lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
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Diversity Antenna System
Your AM-FM antennas are located in the windshield and
rear window. Be sure that the inside surfaces of the
windshield and rear window are not scratched and that
the lines on the glass are not damaged. If the inside
surfaces are damaged, they could interfere with
radio reception. Also, for proper radio reception, the
antenna connector located on the passenger’s side top
corner of the windshield and the antenna connector
located on the driver’s side top corner of the rear window
need to be properly attached to the buttons on the
glass.
Notice: Do not apply aftermarket glass tinting with
metallic film. The metallic film in some tinting
materials will interfere with or distort the incoming
radio reception. Any damage caused to your
backglass antenna due to metallic tinting materials
will not be covered by your warranty.
Notice: Do not try to clear frost or other material
from the inside of the front windshield and rear
window with a razor blade or anything else that is
sharp. This may damage the rear window defogger
grid and affect your radio’s ability to pickup
stations clearly. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
If, when you turn on your rear window defogger, you
hear static on your radio station, it could mean that
a defogger grid line has been damaged. If this is true,
the grid line must be repaired.
If you choose to add an aftermarket cellular telephone
to your vehicle, and the antenna needs to be attached to
the glass, be sure that you do not damage the grid
lines for the AM-FM antennas or place the cellular
telephone antenna over the grid lines.
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna
System
Your XM™ Satellite Radio antenna is located on the
trunk of your vehicle. Keep this antenna clear of snow
and ice build up for clear radio reception.
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Section 4
Driving Your Vehicle
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle ..........4-2
Defensive Driving ...........................................4-2
Drunken Driving .............................................4-2
Control of a Vehicle ........................................4-5
Braking .........................................................4-6
Traction Control System (TCS) .........................4-9
Magnetic Ride Control ...................................4-10
Limited-Slip Rear Axle ...................................4-10
Stabilitrak® System .......................................4-11
Steering ......................................................4-12
Off-Road Recovery .......................................4-15
Passing .......................................................4-15
Loss of Control .............................................4-16
Driving at Night ............................................4-18
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads ..................4-20
City Driving ..................................................4-23
Freeway Driving ...........................................4-24
Before Leaving on a Long Trip .......................4-25
Highway Hypnosis ........................................4-26
Hill and Mountain Roads ................................4-26
Winter Driving ..............................................4-28
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice
or Snow ...................................................4-31
Towing ..........................................................4-32
Towing Your Vehicle .....................................4-32
Recreational Vehicle Towing ...........................4-32
Loading Your Vehicle ....................................4-32
Loading Your Vehicle ....................................4-35
Loading Your Vehicle ....................................4-36
Towing a Trailer ...........................................4-37
4-1
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
Defensive Driving
telephone call, reading, or reaching for something on
the floor — makes proper defensive driving more difficult
and can even cause a collision, with resulting injury.
Ask a passenger to help do things like this, or pull off the
road in a safe place to do them yourself. These simple
defensive driving techniques could save your life.
The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive
defensively.
Drunken Driving
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. See Safety Belts: They Are for
Everyone on page 1-4.
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to
be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what
they might do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following
distance. It is the best defensive driving maneuver, in
both city and rural driving. You never know when
the vehicle in front of you is going to brake or turn
suddenly.
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate
on the driving task. Anything that distracts from
the driving task — such as concentrating on a cellular
4-2
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It is the number one contributor
to the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive a
vehicle:
•
•
•
•
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was
drinking and driving. In recent years, more than
16,000 annual motor vehicle-related deaths have been
associated with the use of alcohol, with more than
300,000 people injured.
Many adults — by some estimates, nearly half the adult
population — choose never to drink alcohol, so they
never drive after drinking. For persons under 21,
it is against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
same BAC by drinking three 4 ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of liquors like whiskey, gin or vodka.
The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway
safety problem is for people never to drink alcohol and
then drive. But what if people do? How much is “too
much” if someone plans to drive? It is a lot less
than many might think. Although it depends on each
person and situation, here is some general information
on the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
• The amount of alcohol consumed
• The drinker’s body weight
• The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
• The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
According to the American Medical Association,
a 180 lb (82 kg) person who drinks three 12 ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
It is the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if
the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person
who consumes food just before or during drinking will
have a somewhat lower BAC level.
4-3
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally
have a lower relative percentage of body water
than men. Since alcohol is carried in body water, this
means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC
level than a man of her same body weight will when
each has the same number of drinks.
The law in an increasing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent.
In some other countries, the limit is even lower. For
example, it is 0.05 percent in both France and Germany.
The BAC limit for all commercial drivers in the United
States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we have seen,
it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks,
and how quickly the person drinks them.
4-4
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a
collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance
of this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I will be careful” is not the
right answer. What if there is an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able to
react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There is something else about drinking and driving that
many people do not know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking — driver or passenger — is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
{CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness
and judgment can be affected by even a
small amount of alcohol. You can have a
serious — or even fatal — collision if you drive
after drinking. Please do not drink and drive or
ride with a driver who has been drinking. Ride
home in a cab; or if you are with a group,
designate a driver who will not drink.
Control of a Vehicle
You have three systems that make your vehicle go
where you want it to go. They are the brakes, the
steering and the accelerator. All three systems
have to do their work at the places where the tires
meet the road.
Sometimes, as when you are driving on snow or ice, it
is easy to ask more of those control systems than
the tires and road can provide. That means you can lose
control of your vehicle. Also see Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 4-9 and Stabilitrak® System on
page 4-11.
4-5
Braking
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That is perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it. That is reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But that
is only an average. It might be less with one driver
and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination
and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle moving
at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m). That
could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so keeping
enough space between your vehicle and others is
important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it is pavement
or gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of
the vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
4-6
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive
in spurts — heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking — rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is
a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool
between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much
faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace
with the traffic and allow realistic following distances,
you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking.
That means better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you are driving, brake
normally but do not pump your brakes. If you do,
the pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist.
But you will use it when you brake. Once the power
assist is used up, it may take longer to stop and
the brake pedal will be harder to push.
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes. ABS is an advanced
electronic braking system that will help prevent a
braking skid.
When you start your engine and begin to drive away,
your anti-lock brake system will check itself. You
may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while
this test is going on, and you may even notice that your
brake pedal moves a little. This is normal.
If there is a problem with
the anti-lock brake system,
this warning light will
stay on. See Anti-Lock
Brake System Warning
Light on page 3-48.
Let us say the road is wet and you are driving safely.
Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you. You slam
on the brakes and continue braking. Here is what
happens with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If
one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer
will separately work the brakes at each wheel.
4-7
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computer is
programmed to make the most of available tire and road
conditions. This can help you steer around the obstacle
while braking hard.
Remember: Anti-lock does not change the time you
need to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always
decrease stopping distance. If you get too close to
the vehicle in front of you, you will not have time to apply
your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops.
Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even
though you have anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Do not pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal
down firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may hear
a motor or clicking noise and feel the brake pedal
move a little during a stop, but this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates
on wheel speed and controls braking pressure
accordingly.
4-8
Traction Control System (TCS)
Your vehicle has a traction control system that limits
wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery
road conditions. The system operates only if it senses
that one or both of the rear wheels are spinning or
beginning to lose traction. When this happens,
the system works the rear brakes and reduces engine
power to limit wheel spin.
The TRAC SYSTEM ACTIVE message will display on
the Driver Information Center (DIC) when the traction
control system is limiting wheel spin. See DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 3-59. You may feel or hear
the system working, but this is normal.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may
reengage the cruise control. See “Cruise Control” under
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-7.
This warning light will
come on to let you know if
there’s a problem with
your traction control
system.
See Traction Control System (TCS) Warning Light on
page 3-48. When this warning light is on, the system will
not limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The traction control system automatically comes
on whenever you start your vehicle. To limit wheel spin,
especially in slippery road conditions, you should
always leave the system on. But you can turn the
traction control system off if you ever need to. You
should turn the system off if your vehicle ever gets stuck
in sand, mud or snow and rocking the vehicle is
required. See “Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out”
under If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow on
page 4-31.
4-9
To turn the system off,
press the traction control
button located on the
center console.
The TRACTION SYSTEM-OFF message will display on
the DIC and the traction control system warning light
will come on. If the system is limiting wheel spin when
you press the button, the TRACTION SYSTEM-OFF
message will display – but the system won’t turn off right
away. It will wait until there’s no longer a current need
to limit wheel spin.
You can turn the system back on at any time by
pressing the button again. The TRACTION SYSTEM-ON
message should display briefly on the Driver Information
Center.
4-10
Magnetic Ride Control
Magnetic Ride Control automatically adjusts the ride of
your vehicle. Automatic ride control is achieved
through a computer used to control and monitor the
suspension system. The controller receives input from
various sensors to determine the proper system
response. If the controller detects a problem within the
system, the DIC will display a SERVICE RIDE
CONTROL message. See DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 3-59 for more information. See your dealer
for service.
Limited-Slip Rear Axle
Your limited-slip rear axle can give you additional
traction on snow, mud, ice, sand or gravel. It works like
a standard axle most of the time, but when one of
the rear wheels has no traction and the other does, this
feature will allow the wheel with traction to move the
vehicle.
Stabilitrak® System
The Stabilitrak® System is a computer controlled system
that helps the driver maintain directional control of the
vehicle in difficult driving conditions. This is
accomplished by selectively applying any one of the
vehicle’s brakes.
When you first start your vehicle and begin to drive
away (6 mph (10 km/h)), especially during cold weather,
the message STABILITRAK WARMING may be
displayed in the Driver Information Center (DIC), the
instrument cluster light will be on, and a chime will
sound. This is normal. You can acknowledge this
message by pressing the RESET button. The
Stabilitrak® System performance is affected until the
message, STABILITRAK READY, is displayed in
the DIC.
The WAIT FOR STABILITRAK message may be
displayed in the DIC after exceeding 19 mph (30 km/h)
for 10 seconds if the steering is not centered. The
system is off until the STABILITRAK ACTIVE message
is displayed.
The instrument cluster light
will come on and a chime
will sound to let you
know if there is a problem
with the system.
The SERVICE STABILITRAK message will also be
displayed. See DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 3-59 for more information.
When this light and the SERVICE STABILITRAK
message are on, the system is not operational. Adjust
your driving accordingly.
The system comes on automatically whenever you start
your vehicle. To help maintain directional control of
the vehicle, you should always leave the system on. You
can turn the system off if you ever need to. If you turn
the STABILITRAK® System off, the Traction Control
System will also be turned off. Adjust your driving
accordingly.
The STABILITRAK ACTIVE message will come on
when the system is operating. See DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 3-59 for more information. You
may also feel or hear the system working. This
is normal.
4-11
To turn the system off,
press and hold the traction
control button on the
console for five seconds
with the vehicle stopped.
You can turn the
system back on at any
time by pressing the
button.
The DIC will display the appropriate message when you
push the button, either TRAC/STABILITRAK ON or
TRAC/STABILITRAK OFF.
4-12
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
Magnetic Speed Variable Assist
Steering
Your vehicle is equipped with a steering system that
continuously adjusts the effort you feel when steering at
all vehicle speeds. It provides ease when parking,
yet a firm, solid feel at highway speeds.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It is important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here is why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves.
The traction of the tires against the road surface makes
it possible for the vehicle to change its path when
you turn the front wheels. If there is no traction, inertia
will keep the vehicle going in the same direction. If
you have ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you
will understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed. While
you are in a curve, speed is the one factor you
can control.
Suppose you are steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control
systems — steering and acceleration — have to do their
work where the tires meet the road. Adding the
sudden acceleration can demand too much of those
places. You can lose control. See Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 4-9.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on
the accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you
want it to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds
are based on good weather and road conditions. Under
less favorable conditions you will want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach
a curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
4-13
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and find
a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You
can avoid these problems by braking — if you can stop
in time. But sometimes you can not; there is not
room. That is the time for evasive action — steering
around the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes.
See Braking on page 4-6. It is better to remove as much
speed as you can from a possible collision. Then
steer around the problem, to the left or right depending
on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you
can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without
removing either hand. But you have to act fast, steer
quickly, and just as quickly straighten the wheel
once you have avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-14
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off
the edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re
driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then
goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger
can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents — the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
• “Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides
and to crossroads for situations that might affect
your passing patterns. If you have any doubt
whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait
for a better time.
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way,
steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge of
the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel up to
one-quarter turn until the right front tire contacts
the pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel to go
straight down the roadway.
• Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and
lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might
indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass.
A broken center line usually indicates it is all
right to pass (providing the road ahead is clear).
Never cross a solid line on your side of the lane or
a double solid line, even if the road seems empty
of approaching traffic.
4-15
• Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to
pass while you are awaiting an opportunity. For
one thing, following too closely reduces your area
of vision, especially if you are following a larger
vehicle. Also, you will not have adequate space if
the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops.
Keep back a reasonable distance.
• When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and
do not get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into
the other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you
will have a “running start” that more than makes up
for the distance you would lose by dropping
back. And if something happens to cause you to
cancel your pass, you need only slow down
and drop back again and wait for another
opportunity.
• If other vehicles are lined up to pass a slow vehicle,
wait your turn. But take care that someone is not
trying to pass you as you pull out to pass the slow
vehicle. Remember to glance over your shoulder
and check the blind spot.
• Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far
4-16
enough ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front
in your inside mirror, activate your right lane
change signal and move back into the right lane.
(Remember that your right outside mirror is convex.
The vehicle you just passed may seem to be
farther away from you than it really is.)
• Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on
two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
• Do not overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it
may be slowing down or starting to turn.
• If you are being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps
you can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let us review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes,
steering and acceleration) do not have enough friction
where the tires meet the road to do what the driver
has asked.
In any emergency, do not give up. Keep trying to steer
and constantly seek an escape route or area of less
danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not
“overdriving” those conditions. But skids are always
possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
are not rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip
and lose cornering force. And in the acceleration
skid, too much throttle causes the driving wheels
to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.
Remember: Any traction control system helps avoid only
the acceleration skid. If your TCS system is off, then
an acceleration skid is also best handled by easing your
foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want
the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough,
your vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready
for a second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety,
you will want to slow down and adjust your driving to
these conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration
or braking (including engine braking by shifting to a
lower gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires
to slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery
until your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues — such as enough water, ice or packed snow
on the road to make a “mirrored surface” — and slow
down when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
4-17
Driving at Night
Here are some tips on night driving.
• Drive defensively.
• Do not drink and drive.
• Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from headlamps behind you.
• Since you can not see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you
and other vehicles.
• Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
• In remote areas, watch for animals.
• If you are tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to be
impaired — by alcohol or drugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
4-18
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But
as we get older these differences increase. A
50-year-old driver may require at least twice as much
light to see the same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your
night vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your
eyes will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you
are driving, do not wear sunglasses at night. They
may cut down on glare from headlamps, but they also
make a lot of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When
you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver
who does not lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid
staring directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean — inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep
your eyes moving; that way, it is easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from
night blindness — the inability to see in dim light — and
are not even aware of it.
4-19
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy
rain can make it harder to see road signs and
traffic signals, pavement markings, the edge of the road
and even people walking.
It is wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment in
good shape and keep your windshield washer tank filled
with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper
inserts when they show signs of streaking or missing
areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to
separate from the inserts.
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can not stop, accelerate or turn as well
because your tire-to-road traction is not as good as on
dry roads. And, if your tires do not have much tread
left, you will get even less traction. It is always wise to
go slower and be cautious if rain starts to fall while
you are driving. The surface may get wet suddenly when
your reflexes are tuned for driving on dry pavement.
4-20
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems,
too. The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid
puddles. But if you can not, try to slow down before
you hit them.
{CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They will not
work as well in a quick stop and may cause
pulling to one side. You could lose control of
the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water
or a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly
until your brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the
water. This can happen if the road is wet enough and
you are going fast enough. When your vehicle is
hydroplaning, it has little or no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning does not happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure is
one or more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is
standing on the road. If you can see reflections
from trees, telephone poles, or other vehicles, and
raindrops “dimple” the water’s surface, there could be
hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just is not a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
4-21
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Notice: If you drive too quickly through deep
puddles or standing water, water can come in
through your engine’s air intake and badly damage
your engine. Never drive through water that is
slightly lower than the underbody of your vehicle.
If you can not avoid deep puddles or standing water,
drive through them very slowly.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
smaller vehicle. If this happens, you and other
vehicle occupants could drown. Do not ignore
police warning signs, and otherwise be very
cautious about trying to drive through
flowing water.
Driving Through Flowing Water
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
• Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
{CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong
forces. If you try to drive through flowing
water, as you might at a low water crossing,
your vehicle can be carried away. As little as
six inches of flowing water can carry away a
CAUTION:
4-22
(Continued)
distance. And be especially careful when you
pass another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear
room ahead, and be prepared to have your
view restricted by road spray.
• Have good tires with proper tread depth. See Tires
on page 5-50.
City Driving
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You will want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
• Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into
an unknown part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
• Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You will save time and energy.
See Freeway Driving on page 4-24.
• Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic
light is there because the corner is busy enough
to need it. When a light turns green, and just before
you start to move, check both ways for vehicles
that have not cleared the intersection or may
be running the red light.
4-23
Freeway Driving
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to
the freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as
you drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin
to check traffic. Try to determine where you expect
to blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close
to the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal,
check your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as
often as necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the
traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it is slower.
Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there is not another vehicle in
your “blind” spot.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the
safest of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
The most important advice on freeway driving is:
Keep up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the
same speed most of the other drivers are driving.
Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow.
Treat the left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
4-24
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance.
Expect to move slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do
not, under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive
on to the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted. Reduce your speed
according to your speedometer, not to your sense
of motion. After driving for any distance at higher
speeds, you may tend to think you are going slower
than you actually are.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you are ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you are not fresh — such as after
a day’s work — do not plan to make too many miles that
first part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing
and shoes you can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it is ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course, you
will find experienced and able service experts in GM
dealerships all across North America. They will be ready
and willing to help if you need it.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
• Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full?
Are all windows clean inside and outside?
• Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
• Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
• Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
• Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
recommended pressure?
• Weather Forecasts: What is the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay your trip a
short time to avoid a major storm system?
• Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
4-25
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is there actually such a condition as “highway
hypnosis”? Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel?
Call it highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or
whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on
the road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of
the wind against the vehicle that can make you sleepy.
Do not let it happen to you! If it does, your vehicle
can leave the road in less than a second, and you could
crash and be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
• Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
• Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and
to the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
• If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest,
service or parking area and take a nap, get some
exercise, or both. For safety, treat drowsiness
on the highway as an emergency.
4-26
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you are
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
• Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system
and transmission. These parts can work hard
on mountain roads.
• Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go
down a steep or long hill.
{CAUTION:
If you do not shift down, your brakes could get
so hot that they would not work well. You
would then have poor braking or even none
going down a hill. You could crash. Shift down
to let your engine assist your brakes on a
steep downhill slope.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
You would then have poor braking or even
none going down a hill. You could crash.
Always have your engine running and your
vehicle in gear when you go downhill.
• Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down
to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your
engine and transmission, and you can climb the hill
better.
• Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Do not swing wide
or cut across the center of the road. Drive at speeds
that let you stay in your own lane.
{CAUTION:
• As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have
to do all the work of slowing down. They could
get so hot that they would not work well.
• You may see highway signs on mountains that
could be something in your lane, like a stalled car or
an accident.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
warn of special problems. Examples are long
grades, passing or no-passing zones, a falling rocks
area or winding roads. Be alert to these and take
appropriate action.
4-27
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
• Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
• You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your vehicle.
4-28
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a
supply of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter
outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red
cloth and a couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if
you will be driving under severe conditions, include a
small bag of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of
burlap bags to help provide traction. Be sure you
properly secure these items in your vehicle.
Driving On Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet
the road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You
will have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to be
very careful.
What is the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer
the least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it is
about freezing (32°F; 0°C) and freezing rain begins
to fall. Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand
crews can get there.
Whatever the condition — smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow — drive with caution.
Keep your traction control system on. It improves your
ability to accelerate when driving on a slippery road.
Even though your vehicle has the TCS system, you will
want to slow down and adjust your driving to the
road conditions. The Stabilitrak® System may also
activate. See Traction Control System (TCS) on
page 4-9 and Stabilitrak® System on page 4-11.
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road.
Even though you have the anti-lock braking system, you
will want to begin stopping sooner than you would on
dry pavement. See Braking on page 4-6.
• Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
• Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
until you hit a spot that is covered with ice. On
an otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can not reach:
around clumps of trees, behind buildings or under
bridges. Sometimes the surface of a curve or
an overpass may remain icy when the surrounding
roads are clear. If you see a patch of ice ahead
of you, brake before you are on it. Try not to brake
while you are actually on the ice, and avoid
sudden steering maneuvers.
4-29
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard
• Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make
body insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags,
floor mats — anything you can wrap around
yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
{CAUTION:
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with
your vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near
help and you can hike through the snow. Here are
some things to do to summon help and keep yourself
and your passengers safe:
• Turn on your hazard flashers.
• Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you have been stopped by the snow.
4-30
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your
vehicle. This can cause deadly CO (carbon
monoxide) gas to get inside. CO could
overcome you and kill you. You can not see it
or smell it, so you might not know it is in your
vehicle. Clear away snow from around the
base of your vehicle, especially any that is
blocking your exhaust pipe. And check around
again from time to time to be sure snow does
not collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that is away from the wind. This will
help keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little
faster than just idle. That is, push the accelerator
slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat that you get and
it keeps the battery charged. You will need a
well-charged battery to restart the vehicle, and possibly
for signaling later on with your headlamps. Let the
heater run for a while.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine
again and repeat this only when you feel really
uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as little as
possible. Preserve the fuel as long as you can. To help
keep warm, you can get out of the vehicle and do
some fairly vigorous exercises every half hour or so until
help comes.
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice
or Snow
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will
need to spin the wheels, but you do not want to
spin your wheels too fast. The method known as
“rocking” can help you get out when you are stuck, but
you must use caution.
{CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they
can explode, and you or others could be
injured. And, the transmission or other parts of
the vehicle can overheat. That could cause an
engine compartment fire or other damage.
When you are stuck, spin the wheels as little
as possible. Do not spin the wheels above
35 mph (55 km/h) as shown on the
speedometer.
Notice: Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of
your vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the
wheels too fast while shifting your transmission
back and forth, you can destroy your transmission.
For information about using tire chains on your
vehicle, see Tire Chains on page 5-68.
4-31
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
Recreational Vehicle Towing
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. Turn your
traction control system off; see Traction Control System
(TCS) on page 4-9. Then shift back and forth between
REVERSE (R) and a forward gear, spinning the wheels
as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal
while you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal
when the transmission is in gear. By slowly spinning
your wheels in the forward and reverse directions, you
will cause a rocking motion that may free your
vehicle. If that does not get you out after a few tries,
you may need to be towed out. If you do need to
be towed out, see Towing Your Vehicle on page 4-32.
Recreational vehicle towing means towing your vehicle
behind another vehicle — such as behind a motorhome.
The two most common types of recreational vehicle
towing are known as “dinghy towing” (towing your
vehicle with all four wheels on the ground) and “dolly
towing” (towing your vehicle with two wheels on
the ground and two wheels up on a device known
as a “dolly”).
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with any of
its wheels on the ground. If your vehicle must be
towed, see “Towing Your Vehicle” earlier in this section.
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service if
you need to have your disabled vehicle towed. See
Roadside Service on page 7-5.
4-32
It is very important to know how much weight your
vehicle can carry. This weight is called the vehicle
capacity weight and includes the weight of all occupants,
cargo and all nonfactory-installed options. Two labels
on your vehicle show how much weight it may properly
carry, the Tire and Loading Information label and the
Certification label.
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose
control and crash. Also, overloading can
shorten the life of your vehicle.
Tire and Loading Information Label
Example 2
A. Vehicle Capacity Weight
Example 1
A. Vehicle Capacity Weight
4-33
The Tire and Loading Information label shows the
seating capacity and the total weight your vehicle can
properly carry. This weight is called the vehicle capacity
weight. If your vehicle has the Tire and Loading
Information label, Example 1, the label is attached to
the center pillar, near the driver’s door latch. If your
vehicle has the Tire-Loading Information label,
Example 2, the label is on the rear edge of the
driver’s door.
Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit
The Tire and Loading Information label also gives you
the size and recommended inflation pressure for
the factory-installed, original equipment tires on your
vehicle. For more information on tires and inflation see
Tires on page 5-50 and Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 5-57.
4. The resulting figure equals the available amount
of cargo and luggage load capacity. For example,
if the “XXX” amount equals 1400 lbs. and there
will be five 150 lb. passengers in your vehicle,
the amount of available cargo and luggage
load capacity is 650 lbs. (1400 − 750
(5 x 150) = 650 lbs).
There is also important loading information on the
Certification label. It tells you the Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating (GVWR) and the Gross Axle Weight Rating
(GAWR) for the front and rear axle; see “Certification
Label” later in this section.
1. Locate the statement “The combined weight of
occupants and cargo should never exceed
XXX pounds” on your vehicle placard.
2. Determine the combined weight of the driver and
passengers that will be riding in your vehicle.
3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver and
passengers from XXX kilograms or XXX pounds.
5. Determine the combined weight of luggage and
cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight
may not safely exceed the available cargo
and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.
6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, the load from
your trailer will be transferred to your vehicle.
Consult this manual to determine how this reduces
the available cargo and luggage load capacity of
your vehicle.
Your vehicle is neither designed nor intended to tow
a trailer.
4-34
Example 1
Example 2
Loading Your Vehicle
Loading Your Vehicle
Item
Description
A
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 1 =
B
C
Total
Item
Description
400 lbs (181 kg)
A
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 2 =
Total
400 lbs (181 kg)
Subtract Occupant
Weight 150 lbs
(68 kg) x 1 =
150 lbs (68 kg)
B
Subtract Occupant
Weight 150 lbs
(68 kg) x 2 =
300 lbs (136 kg)
Available Occupant and
Cargo Weight =
250 lbs (113 kg)
C
Available Cargo
Weight =
100 lbs (45 kg)
4-35
Certification Label
Example 3
Loading Your Vehicle
Item
Description
A
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 3 =
Total
400 lbs (181 kg)
B
Subtract Occupant
Weight 200 lbs
(91 kg) x 2 =
400 lbs (181 kg)
C
Available Cargo
Weight =
0 lbs (0 kg)
Refer to your vehicle’s tire and loading information label
for specific information about your vehicle’s capacity
weight and seating positions. The combined weight of
the driver, passengers and cargo should never
exceed your vehicle’s capacity weight.
4-36
The other label is the Certification label, found on the
rear edge of the driver’s door. It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle, called the Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes the
weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for either the front or
rear axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spread it
out. Do not carry more than 100 lbs. (45 kg) in your
rear area.
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose
control and crash. Also, overloading can
shorten the life of your vehicle.
Notice: Overloading your vehicle may cause
damage. Repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not overload your vehicle.
If you put things inside your vehicle – like suitcases,
tools, packages or anything else – they will go as fast as
the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly,
or if there is a crash, they will keep going.
{CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn, or
in a crash.
• Put things in the rear area of your vehicle.
Try to spread the weight evenly.
• Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them
are above the tops of the seats.
• Do not leave an unsecured child restraint
in your vehicle.
• When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
Towing a Trailer
Your XLR is neither designed nor intended to tow a
trailer.
4-37
✍ NOTES
4-38
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Service ............................................................5-3
Doing Your Own Service Work .........................5-3
Adding Equipment to the Outside of Your
Vehicle ......................................................5-4
Fuel ................................................................5-4
Gasoline Octane ............................................5-4
Gasoline Specifications ....................................5-5
California Fuel ...............................................5-5
Additives .......................................................5-6
Fuels in Foreign Countries ...............................5-6
Filling Your Tank ............................................5-7
Filling a Portable Fuel Container .....................5-10
Checking Things Under the Hood ....................5-10
Hood Release ..............................................5-11
Engine Compartment Overview .......................5-12
Engine Oil ...................................................5-13
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ................................5-18
Automatic Transmission Fluid .........................5-19
Engine Coolant .............................................5-20
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap ..................5-23
Engine Overheating .......................................5-23
Cooling System ............................................5-26
Power Steering Fluid .....................................5-32
Windshield Washer Fluid ................................5-33
Brakes ........................................................5-35
Battery ........................................................5-38
Jump Starting ...............................................5-39
Rear Axle .......................................................5-45
Headlamp Aiming ...........................................5-46
Headlamp Vertical Aiming ..............................5-47
Bulb Replacement ..........................................5-49
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement ..............5-49
Tires ..............................................................5-50
Run-Flat Tires ..............................................5-56
Inflation - Tire Pressure .................................5-57
Tire Pressure Monitor System .........................5-58
Tire Inspection and Rotation ...........................5-60
When It Is Time for New Tires .......................5-62
Buying New Tires .........................................5-63
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ..........................5-64
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ..................5-65
Wheel Replacement ......................................5-66
Tire Chains ..................................................5-68
Lifting Your Vehicle .......................................5-69
If a Tire Goes Flat ........................................5-73
5-1
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Appearance Care ............................................5-75
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle .................5-75
Care of Safety Belts ......................................5-78
Weatherstrips ...............................................5-78
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle ..............5-78
Finish Damage .............................................5-80
Underbody Maintenance ................................5-81
Chemical Paint Spotting .................................5-81
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ..................5-82
5-2
Vehicle Identification ......................................5-83
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) .................5-83
Service Parts Identification Label .....................5-83
Electrical System ............................................5-84
Add-On Electrical Equipment ..........................5-84
Windshield Wiper Fuses ................................5-84
Power Windows and Other Power Options .......5-84
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ............................5-85
Capacities and Specifications ..........................5-91
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ..........5-92
Service
Doing Your Own Service Work
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you will go to your dealer
for all your service needs. You will get genuine GM parts
and GM-trained and supported service people.
If you want to do some of your own service work, you will
want to use the proper service manual. It tells you much
more about how to service your vehicle than this manual
can. To order the proper service manual, see Service
Publications Ordering Information on page 7-11.
We hope you will want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting
to do your own service work, see Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-48.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See Maintenance Record on page 6-14.
{CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
• Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
5-3
CAUTION:
(Continued)
• Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you
use the wrong fasteners, parts can later
break or fall off. You could be hurt.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind
noise and affect windshield washer performance. Check
with your dealer before adding equipment to the
outside of your vehicle.
5-4
Fuel
Use of the recommended fuel is an important part of the
proper maintenance of your vehicle.
Gasoline Octane
Use premium unleaded gasoline with a posted octane of
91 or higher for best performance. You may also use
middle grade or regular unleaded gasoline rated at
87 octane or higher, but your vehicle’s acceleration may
be slightly reduced. If the octane is less than 87, you
may get a heavy knocking noise when you drive. If this
occurs, use a gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher
as soon as possible. Otherwise, you might damage your
engine.
Gasoline Specifications
California Fuel
It is recommended that gasoline meet specifications
which were developed by automobile manufacturers
around the world and contained in the World-Wide Fuel
Charter which is available from the Alliance of
Automobile Manufacturers at www.autoalliance.org.
Gasoline meeting these specifications could provide
improved driveability and emission control system
performance compared to other gasoline.
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (see the underhood emission control label), it
is designed to operate on fuels that meet California
specifications. If this fuel is not available in states
adopting California emissions standards, your vehicle
will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system performance
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may
turn on (see Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 3-50 )
and your vehicle may fail a smog-check test. If this
occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer for
diagnosis. If it is determined that the condition is caused
by the type of fuel used, repairs may not be covered
by your warranty.
In Canada, look for the
“Auto Makers’ Choice”
label on the pump.
Canada Only
5-5
Additives
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent engine and fuel system deposits from forming,
allowing your emission control system to work
properly. You should not have to add anything to your
fuel. However, some gasolines contain only the
minimum amount of additive required to meet U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency regulations. General
Motors recommends that you buy gasolines that
are advertised to help keep fuel injectors and intake
valves clean. If your vehicle experiences problems due
to dirty injectors or valves, try a different brand of
gasoline.
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and
ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be available in
your area to contribute to clean air. General Motors
recommends that you use these gasolines, particularly if
they comply with the specifications described earlier.
Notice: Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Do not use fuel containing
methanol. It can corrode metal parts in your fuel
system and also damage the plastic and rubber
parts. That damage would not be covered under
your warranty.
5-6
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT); ask the attendant where you buy gasoline
whether the fuel contains MMT. General Motors does
not recommend the use of such gasolines. Fuels
containing MMT can reduce the life of spark plugs and
the performance of the emission control system may
be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may turn on.
If this occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer for
service.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard
to find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel
not recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly
repairs caused by use of improper fuel would not
be covered by your warranty.
To check the fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you will be driving.
Filling Your Tank
{CAUTION:
Fuel vapor burns violently and a fuel fire can
cause bad injuries. To help avoid injuries to
you and others, read and follow all the
instructions on the pump island. Turn off your
engine when you are refueling. Do not smoke
if you are near fuel or refueling your vehicle.
Keep sparks, flames and smoking materials
away from fuel. Do not leave the fuel pump
unattended when refueling your vehicle — this
is against the law in some places. Keep
children away from the fuel pump; never let
children pump fuel.
The fuel cap is located behind a hinged door on the
driver’s side of your vehicle.
5-7
The fuel door release
button is located on the left
side of the instrument
panel.
To open the fuel door, press the fuel door release
button. The vehicle must be in PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) and the valet lockout button must
be in OFF.
5-8
An alternate fuel door release is located inside the trunk
behind a panel on the driver’s side. Pull the handle to
release the fuel door.
{CAUTION:
If you spill fuel and then something ignites it,
you could be badly burned. Fuel can spray out
on you if you open the fuel cap too quickly.
This spray can happen if your tank is nearly
full, and is more likely in hot weather. Open
the fuel cap slowly and wait for any “hiss”
noise to stop. Then unscrew the cap all
the way.
While refueling, hang the fuel cap by the tether from the
hook on the fuel door.
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). The fuel cap has a spring in it; if
you let go of the cap too soon, it will spring back to
the right.
Be careful not to spill fuel. Don’t top off or overfill your
tank, and wait a few seconds after you’ve finished
pumping before you remove the nozzle. Clean fuel from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See Cleaning
the Outside of Your Vehicle on page 5-78.
When you put the fuel cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make
sure you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on
page 3-50.
5-9
The CHECK GAS CAP message in the Driver
Information Center (DIC) will come on if the fuel cap is
not properly reinstalled.
Notice: If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to get
the right type. Your dealer can get one for you.
If you get the wrong type, it may not fit properly.
This may cause your malfunction indicator lamp to
light and may damage your fuel tank and emissions
system. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in the
Index.
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
(Continued)
• Do not fill a container while it is inside a
•
•
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
Do not smoke while pumping gasoline.
Checking Things Under
the Hood
{CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from
the container can ignite the gasoline vapor.
You can be badly burned and your vehicle
damaged if this occurs. To help avoid injury to
you and others:
• Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
CAUTION:
5-10
CAUTION:
(Continued)
{CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up
and injure you even when the engine is not
running. Keep hands, clothing and tools away
from any underhood electric fan.
{CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts
and start a fire. These include liquids like fuel,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or
others could be burned. Be careful not to drop
or spill things that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
To lift the hood, use the following steps:
1. Pull the lever inside
the vehicle to open the
hood. It is located
on the lower left side of
the instrument panel.
2. Then go to the front of the vehicle and find the
secondary hood release lever. The lever is
located under the hood near the center of the
vehicle. Move the release lever to the right and raise
the hood.
Before closing the hood, be sure all filler caps are on
properly. Then pull the hood down and close it firmly.
5-11
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood you’ll see:
5-12
A. Battery. See Battery on page 5-38.
B. Passenger Compartment Air Filter. See Passenger
Compartment Air Filter on page 3-40.
C. Underhood Fuse Block. See Fuses and Circuit
Breakers on page 5-85.
D. Power Steering Fluid. See Power Steering Fluid on
page 5-32.
E. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 5-18.
F. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See Engine Oil on page 5-13.
G. Engine Oil Dipstick. See Engine Oil on page 5-13.
H. Brake Master Cylinder Reservoir. See Brakes
on page 5-35.
I. Engine Coolant Surge Tank and Pressure Cap. See
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap on page 5-23.
J. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See Windshield
Washer Fluid on page 5-33
You should check your engine oil level regularly; this is
an added reminder.
Checking Engine Oil
It is a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil
must be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick handle is a yellow loop. See
Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the engine oil dipstick.
Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil
dipstick might not show the actual level.
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
Engine Oil
If the LOW OIL LEVEL or LOW OIL PRESSURE
message on the Driver Information Center appears, it
means you need to check your engine oil level right
away. For more information, see “LOW OIL LEVEL” and
“LOW OIL PRESSURE” under DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 3-59.
5-13
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the indentation at the tip of the
dipstick, then you will need to add at least one quart
of oil. But you must use the right kind. This section
explains what kind of oil to use. For engine oil crankcase
capacity, see Capacities and Specifications on
page 5-91.
Notice: Do not add too much oil. If your engine has
so much oil that the oil level gets above the
indented area of the dipstick that shows the proper
operating range, your engine could be damaged.
See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the
engine oil fill cap.
5-14
Be sure to add enough oil to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the
way back in when you are through.
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Look for two things:
• GM4718M
Your vehicle’s engine requires a special oil meeting
GM Standard GM4718M. Oils meeting this
standard may be identified as synthetic. However,
not all synthetic oils will meet this GM standard.
You should look for and use only an oil that meets
GM Standard GM4718M.
Notice: If you use oils that do not have the
GM4718M Standard designation, you can cause
engine damage not covered by your warranty.
• SAE 5W-30
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE 5W-30 is
best for your vehicle. However, you can use
SAE 10W-30 if it is going to be 0°F (–18°C) or
above.
These numbers on an oil container show its
viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other viscosity
oils such as SAE 20W-50.
Oils meeting these
requirements should also
have the starburst
symbol on the container.
This symbol indicates
that the oil has been
certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).
You should look for this on the oil container, and use
only those oils that are identified as meeting GM
Standard GM4718M and have the starburst symbol on
the front of the oil container.
Your vehicle’s engine is filled at the factory with a
Mobil 1® synthetic oil, which meets all requirements for
your vehicle.
5-15
Substitute Engine Oil: when adding oil to maintain
engine oil level, oil meeting GM Standard GM4718M
may not be available. You can add substitute oil
designated SAE 5W-30 with the starburst symbol
at all temperatures. If temperatures are above 0°F
(–18°C), you may substitute SAE 10W-30 with
the starburst symbol. Substitute oil not meeting
GM Standard GM4718M should not be used for
an oil change.
Engine Oil Additives
Do not add anything to your oil. The recommended oils
with the starburst symbol that meet GM Standard
GM4718M are all you will need for good performance
and engine protection.
When to Change Engine Oil
(GM Oil Life System)
Your vehicle has a computer system that lets you know
when to change the engine oil and filter. This is
based on engine revolutions and engine temperature,
and not on mileage. Based on driving conditions,
5-16
the mileage at which an oil change will be indicated can
vary considerably. For the oil life system to work
properly, you must reset the system every time the oil is
changed.
When the system has calculated that oil life has been
diminished, it will indicate that an oil change is
necessary. A CHANGE OIL NOW message in the DIC
will come on. Change your oil as soon as possible
within the next two times you stop for fuel. It is possible
that, if you are driving under the best conditions, the
oil life system may not indicate that an oil change
is necessary for over a year. However, your engine oil
and filter must be changed at least once a year and
at this time the system must be reset. Your dealer has
GM-trained service people who will perform this
work using genuine GM parts and reset the system. It is
also important to check your oil regularly and keep it
at the proper level.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must
change your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your
last oil change. Remember to reset the oil life system
whenever the oil is changed.
How to Reset the CHANGE OIL NOW
Message and the Oil Life Indicator
The GM Oil Life System calculates when to change
your engine oil and filter based on vehicle use. Anytime
your oil is changed, reset the system so it can
calculate when the next oil change is required. If a
situation occurs where you change your oil prior to a
CHANGE OIL NOW message in the DIC being
turned on, reset the system.
After the oil has been changed, the CHANGE OIL NOW
message and the oil life indicator must be reset. To
reset the message use the following procedure:
1. Press the up or down arrow to scroll the DIC to
show OIL LIFE.
2. Once the XXX% ENGINE OIL LIFE menu item is
highlighted, press and hold the RESET button until
the percentage shows 100%.
Repeat the steps if the percentage does not return
to 100.
What to Do with Used Oil
Used engine oil contains certain elements that may be
unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer.
Do not let used oil stay on your skin for very long. Clean
your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good
hand cleaner. Wash or properly dispose of clothing or
rags containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer’s
warnings about the use and disposal of oil products.
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from the
filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by putting it
in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into sewers, or into
streams or bodies of water. Instead, recycle it by
taking it to a place that collects used oil. If you have a
problem properly disposing of your used oil, ask
your dealer, a service station or a local recycling center
for help.
3. Turn the key to OFF.
If the CHANGE OIL NOW message comes back on
when you start your vehicle, the engine oil life system
has not reset. Repeat the procedure.
5-17
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
To inspect or replace the filter, do the following:
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
location of engine air cleaner/filter.
When to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
Inspect the air cleaner/filter at every oil change and
replace at the first oil change after 25,000 miles
(40 000 km).
How to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
To inspect the air cleaner/filter, remove the filter from
the vehicle and lightly shake the filter to release
loose dust and dirt. If the filter remains caked with dirt, a
new filter is required.
1. Flip the clasps on the top of the engine air
cleaner/filter cover forward to unlatch the cover.
2. Lift the front of the cover at an angle and remove.
This is necessary due to the four tabs located on
the rear of the cover.
3. Remove the engine air cleaner/filter element and
any loose debris that may be found in the air
cleaner base.
4. Replace the air filter element.
5-18
Follow these steps to reinstall the cover to the engine
air cleaner/filter housing:
1. Align the four tabs located on the back of the cover
with the three slots on the back of the housing.
2. Push the cover slightly down and towards the
engine to engage the tabs in the slots and align the
two wing screws.
3. Engage and tighten the two clasps on the top of the
engine air cleaner/filter cover.
{CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned. The
air cleaner not only cleans the air, it helps to
stop flame if the engine backfires. If it is not
there and the engine backfires, you could
be burned. Do not drive with it off, and be
careful working on the engine with the air
cleaner/filter off.
Notice: If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can
cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt can
easily get into your engine, which will damage it.
Always have the air cleaner/filter in place when
you’re driving.
Automatic Transmission Fluid
How to Check
It is not necessary to check the transmission fluid level.
A transmission fluid leak is the only reason for fluid
loss. If a leak occurs, take the vehicle to your dealer
service department and have it repaired as soon
as possible.
There is a special procedure for checking and changing
the transmission fluid. Because this procedure is
difficult, you should have this done at your dealer service
department. Contact your dealer for additional
information or the procedure can be found in the service
manual. To purchase a service manual, see Service
Publications Ordering Information on page 7-11.
5-19
Notice: We recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRON® -III, because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transmission.
Damage caused by fluid other than DEXRON® -III is
not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(80 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one of
these conditions:
• In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
• In hilly or mountainous terrain.
• High performance operation.
If you do not use your vehicle under one of these
conditions, change the fluid and filter every
100,000 miles (166 000 km).
See Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4 for the proper
service intervals for the transmission fluid and filter.
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL® engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add
only DEX-COOL® extended life coolant.
5-20
The following explains your cooling system and how to
add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating, see Engine Overheating on
page 5-23.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL® coolant will:
•
•
•
•
•
Giving freezing protection down to −34° F −37° C.
Give boiling protection up to 265° F (129° C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights and gages work as they
should.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL® may
cause premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine coolant may
require changing sooner, at 30,000 miles (50 000 km)
or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Any repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL®(silicate-free) coolant in your vehicle.
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOL® coolant which won’t damage
aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture,
you don’t need to add anything else.
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mixture will. Your
vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the
proper coolant mixture. With plain water or the
wrong mixture, your engine could get too hot
but you would not get the overheat warning.
Your engine could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
Notice: If you use an improper coolant mixture,
your engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost would not be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can freeze
and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and
other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
Notice: If you use the proper coolant, you do not
have to add extra inhibitors or additives which claim
to improve the system. These can be harmful.
5-21
Checking Coolant
The engine coolant surge
tank is located toward the
rear of the engine
compartment on the
driver’s side of the vehicle.
For more information on
location, see Engine
Compartment Overview on
page 5-12.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your
engine is cold, the coolant level should be at the FULL
COLD mark, located on the side of the surge tank
that faces the front.
If the LOW COOLANT message on the Driver
Information Center (DIC) comes on and stays on, it
means you’re low on engine coolant.
For more information see DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 3-59.
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOL®
coolant mixture at the surge tank, but only when the
engine is cool.
{CAUTION:
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam
and scalding liquids to blow out and burn you
badly. Never turn the surge tank pressure
cap — even a little — when the engine and
radiator are hot.
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
When replacing the pressure cap, press down and turn
it clockwise (right) until you hear a clicking sound.
Make sure you fully install the cap.
5-22
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
Notice: If the pressure cap is not tightly installed,
coolant loss and possible engine damage may
occur. Be sure the cap is properly and tightly
secured.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
information on location.
Engine Overheating
You will find an COOLANT OVER TEMP message or
an ENGINE HOT, STOP ENGINE message displayed in
the Driver Information Center (DIC). You will also
hear a chime. There is also an engine coolant
temperature gage on the instrument panel cluster. See
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage on page 3-49.
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode
This operating mode allows your vehicle to be driven to
a safe place in an emergency situation. If an overheated
engine condition exists and the DIC message ENGINE
HOT, STOP ENGINE is displayed, an overheat
protection mode which alternates firing groups of
cylinders helps prevent engine damage. In this mode,
you will notice a significant loss in power and engine
performance. Driving extended miles (km) in the
overheat protection mode should be avoided.
Notice: After driving in the overheated engine
protection operating mode, to avoid engine damage,
allow the engine to cool before attempting any
repair. The engine oil will be severely degraded.
Repair the cause of coolant loss, change the oil and
reset the oil life system. See “Engine Oil” in the
Index.
5-23
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
CAUTION:
(Continued)
everyone away from the vehicle until it cools
down. Wait until there is no sign of steam or
coolant before you open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire. You
or others could be badly burned. Stop your
engine if it overheats, and get out of the
vehicle until the engine is cool.
See “Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode” under Engine Overheating on page 5-23
for information on driving to a safe place in an
emergency.
{CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn
you badly, even if you just open the hood.
Stay away from the engine if you see or hear
steam coming from it. Just turn it off and get
CAUTION:
5-24
(Continued)
Notice: If your engine catches fire because you
keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle can
be badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. See “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” under Engine
Overheating on page 5-23 for information on driving
to a safe place in an emergency.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your
Engine
An overheat warning, along with a low coolant message,
can indicate a serious problem. See DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 3-59.
If you get an engine overheat warning with no low
coolant message, but see or hear no steam, the problem
may not be too serious. Sometimes the engine can
get a little too hot when you:
•
•
•
•
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
2. Set the temperature control to the highest heat
setting and open the windows, as necessary.
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about 10 minutes.
If the warning doesn’t come back on, you can drive
normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, idle the engine for
three minutes while you’re parked. If you still have the
warning, turn off the engine and get everyone out of
the vehicle until it cools down. Also, see “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” listed previously in
this section.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
1. In heavy traffic, let the engine idle in NEUTRAL (N)
while stopped. If it safe to do so, pull of the road,
shift to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) and let the
engine idle.
5-25
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
{CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood
can start up even when the engine is not
running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down. The vehicle
should be parked on a level surface.
A. Electric Engine Cooling Fan
B. Coolant Surge Tank with Pressure Cap
5-26
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Do not run the engine if there is a leak. If you
run the engine, it could lose all coolant. That
could cause an engine fire, and you could be
burned. Get any leak fixed before you drive the
vehicle.
A low coolant level should be indicated by a LOW
COOLANT message on the Driver Information Center.
If it is, you may have a leak at the pressure cap or in the
radiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water pump or
somewhere else in the cooling system.
{CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Do not touch them. If
you do, you can be burned.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check
to see if the electric engine cooling fan is running. If
the engine is overheating, the fan should be running. If
it is not, your vehicle needs service.
Notice: Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant is not covered by your warranty. See
“Overheated Engine Protection Operating Mode”
in the Index for information on driving to a safe
place in an emergency.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL® may
cause premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine coolant may
require changing sooner, at 30,000 miles (50 000 km)
or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Any repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL®(silicate-free) coolant in your vehicle.
5-27
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, check to see if
coolant is visible in the surge tank. If coolant is visible
but the coolant level isn’t at the proper level, add a 50/50
of clean, drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant at
the coolant surge tank, but be sure the cooling system,
including the coolant surge tank pressure cap, is
cool before you do it. See Engine Coolant on page 5-20
for more information.
If no coolant is visible in the surge tank, add coolant as
follows:
5-28
{CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They
are under pressure, and if you turn the coolant
surge tank pressure cap — even a little — they
can come out at high speed. Never turn the
cap when the cooling system, including the
coolant surge tank pressure cap, is hot. Wait
for the cooling system and coolant surge tank
pressure cap to cool if you ever have to turn
the pressure cap.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is set
for the proper coolant mixture. With plain
water or the wrong mixture, your engine could
get too hot but you would not get the overheat
warning. Your engine could catch fire and you
or others could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture
of clean, drinkable water and DEX-COOL®
coolant.
Notice: In cold weather, water can freeze and crack
the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Use the recommended coolant and the proper
coolant mixture.
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mixture will.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
5-29
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface. You can
remove the coolant surge tank pressure cap
when the cooling system, including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap and upper radiator hose, is
no longer hot. Turn the pressure cap slowly
counterclockwise (left).
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss
means there is still some pressure left.
5-30
2. Then keep turning the cap and remove it.
3. Then fill the coolant surge tank with the proper
mixture to the full cold fill mark on the front of
the coolant surge tank.
4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off, start
the engine and let it run until you can feel the upper
radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the
engine cooling fan.
By this time, the coolant level inside the coolant
surge tank may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper mixture to the coolant surge tank
until the level reaches the FULL COLD mark
located on the front of the coolant surge tank.
5-31
5. Then replace the
pressure cap. Be sure
the cap is fully
installed.
If the LOW COOLANT message does not appear on the
Driver Information Center after two minutes, coolant is
at the proper fill level. If a LOW COOLANT message
does appear, repeat Steps 1 to 3 and reinstall the
pressure cap or see your dealer.
5-32
Power Steering Fluid
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
What to Use
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering fluid
unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired. See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 5-12 for reservoir location.
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-11.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
Turn the vehicle off, let the engine compartment cool
down, wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir
clean, then unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with
a clean rag. Replace the cap and completely tighten
it. Then remove the cap again and look at the fluid level
on the dipstick.
The level should be at the FULL COLD mark. If
necessary, add only enough fluid to bring the level
up to the mark.
Windshield Washer Fluid
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will
be operating your vehicle in an area where the
temperature may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has
sufficient protection against freezing. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for reservoir
location.
5-33
Adding Washer Fluid
The LOW WASHER FLUID message will be displayed
on the Driver Information Center (DIC) when the
fluid is low.
The windshield washer
fluid reservoir is located in
front of the underhood
fuse block on the driver’s
side of the vehicle.
Notice:
• When using concentrated washer fluid, follow
the manufacturer’s instructions for adding
water.
• Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid.
Water can cause the solution to freeze and
damage your washer fluid tank and other parts
of the washer system. Also, water doesn’t
clean as well as washer fluid.
• Fill your washer fluid tank only three-quarters
full when it’s very cold. This allows for
expansion if freezing occurs, which could
damage the tank if it is completely full.
Open the cap with the washer symbol on it. Add washer
fluid until the tank is full.
5-34
• Don’t use engine coolant (antifreeze) in your
windshield washer. It can damage your
washer system and paint.
Brakes
Brake Fluid
If it is, you should have your brake system fixed, since a
leak means that sooner or later your brakes will not
work well, or will not work at all.
So, it is not a good idea to “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid will not correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you will have too
much fluid when you get new brake linings. You should
add (or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when
work is done on the brake hydraulic system.
{CAUTION:
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is filled with DOT-3
brake fluid. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for the location of the reservoir.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in
the reservoir might go down. The first is that the
brake fluid goes down to an acceptable level during
normal brake lining wear. When new linings are put in,
the fluid level goes back up. The other reason is
that fluid is leaking out of the brake system.
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on
the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is
hot enough. You or others could be burned,
and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake
fluid only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system. See “Checking Brake Fluid”
in this section.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when
to check your brake fluid. See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 6-4.
5-35
Checking Brake Fluid
You can check the brake fluid without taking off the cap.
Just look at the brake fluid reservoir. The fluid level
should be above the MIN mark on the reservoir. If it is
not, have your brake system checked to see if there
is a leak.
After work is done on the brake hydraulic system, make
sure the level is between the MIN and MAX marks.
{CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or
they may not even work at all. This could
cause a crash. Always use the proper
brake fluid.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Refer to Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-11. Use new brake fluid from a sealed
container only.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removing it. This will help
keep dirt from entering the reservoir.
Notice:
• Using the wrong fluid can badly damage brake
system parts. For example, just a few drops of
mineral-based oil, such as engine oil, in your
brake system can damage brake system
parts so badly that they will have to be replaced.
Do not let someone put in the wrong kind
of fluid.
• If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s painted
surfaces, the paint finish can be damaged. Be
careful not to spill brake fluid on your vehicle. If
you do, wash it off immediately. See Appearance
Care on page 5-75.
5-36
Brake Wear
Brake Pedal Travel
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in
pedal travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads
are worn and new pads are needed. The sound
may come and go or be heard all the time your vehicle
is moving (except when you are pushing on the
brake pedal firmly).
Brake Adjustment
As you make brake stops, your disc brakes
automatically adjust for wear.
Replacing Brake System Parts
{CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means that
soon your brakes will not work well. That
could lead to an accident. When you hear the
brake wear warning sound, have your vehicle
serviced.
Notice: Continuing to drive with worn-out brake
pads could result in costly brake repair.
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together if
the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your
vehicle was designed and tested with top-quality GM
brake parts. When you replace parts of your braking
system — for example, when your brake linings
wear down and you need new ones put in — be sure
you get new approved GM replacement parts. If you do
not, your brakes may no longer work properly. For
example, if someone puts in brake linings that are wrong
for your vehicle, the balance between your front and
rear brakes can change — for the worse. The braking
performance you have come to expect can change
in many other ways if someone puts in the wrong
replacement brake parts.
5-37
Battery
Your new vehicle comes with a maintenance free
ACDelco® battery. When it is time for a new battery, get
one that has the replacement number shown on the
original battery’s label. We recommend an ACDelco®
battery.
For battery replacement, see your dealer or the service
manual. To purchase a service manual, see Service
and Owner Publications in Service Publications Ordering
Information on page 7-11.
Warning: Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after
handling.
Vehicle Storage
If you are not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days
or more, remove the black, negative (-) cable from
the battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
5-38
{CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
are not careful. See Jump Starting on
page 5-39 for tips on working around a battery
without getting hurt.
You must close all doors and the trunk before
reconnecting the battery. After reconnecting the battery,
you must press the unlock button on the key FOB.
Failure to follow this procedure may result in a sounding
alarm. Pressing unlock on the key FOB would stop
the sounding alarm.
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your
vehicle for longer storage periods.
Also, for your audio system, see Theft-Deterrent
Feature on page 3-74.
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
vehicle. Be sure to follow the steps below to do it safely.
{CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be dangerous
because:
• They contain acid that can burn you.
• They contain gas that can explode or
ignite.
• They contain enough electricity to
burn you.
If you do not follow these steps exactly, some
or all of these things can hurt you.
Notice: If you try to start your vehicle by pushing
or pulling it, you could damage your vehicle. Do not
push or pull your vehicle to start it; instead, use
the jump starting procedure in this manual to start
your vehicle when the battery has run down.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
Notice: If the other vehicle’s system is not a 12-volt
system with a negative ground, both vehicles can
be damaged. Only use vehicles with 12-volt systems
with negative grounds to jump start your vehicle.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to
start your vehicle, and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved in
the jump start procedure. Put an automatic
transmission in PARK (P) or a manual transmission
in NEUTRAL before setting the parking brakes.
5-39
Notice: If you leave your radio or other accessories
on during the jump starting procedure, they could
be damaged. The repairs would not be covered
by your warranty. Always turn off your radio and
other accessories when jump starting your vehicle.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter or in the accessory power outlet. Turn off
the radio and all lamps that aren’t needed. This will
avoid sparks and help save both batteries. And it
could save your radio!
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. Find the
positive (+) and negative (−) terminal locations on
each vehicle. See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 5-12 for more information on location.
{CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the
engine is not running and can injure you. Keep
hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
5-40
{CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing
this, and some have been blinded. Use a
flashlight if you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You do
not need to add water to the ACDelco® battery
installed in your new vehicle. But if a battery
has filler caps, be sure the right amount of
fluid is there. If it is low, add water to take care
of that first. If you do not, explosive gas could
be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Do not get it on you. If you accidentally get it
in your eyes or on your skin, flush the place
with water and get medical help immediately.
{CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure
you badly. Keep your hands away from moving
parts once the engine is running.
5. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a
shock. The vehicles could be damaged, too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some
basic things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) or to a remote positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one. Negative (−) will go to a heavy,
unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (−) terminal if the vehicle has one.
Don’t connect positive (+) to negative (−) or you’ll
get a short that would damage the battery and
maybe other parts, too. And don’t connect
the negative (−) cable to the negative (−) terminal
on the dead battery because this can cause sparks.
6. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the dead battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
5-41
7. Don’t let the other end
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal
if the vehicle has one.
8. Now connect the black
negative (−) cable to
the negative (−)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
negative (−) terminal
if the vehicle has one.
Don’t let the other end touch anything until the next
step. The other end of the negative (−) cable
doesn’t go to the dead battery. It goes to a heavy,
unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (−) terminal on the vehicle with the dead
battery.
5-42
9. Connect the other end of the negative (−) cable at
least 18 inches (45 cm) away from the dead battery,
but not near engine parts that move. The electrical
connection is just as good there, and the chance
of sparks getting back to the battery is much less.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
11. Try to start the vehicle that had the dead battery. If
it won’t start after a few tries, it probably needs
service.
Notice: If the jumper cables are removed in the
wrong order, electrical shorting may occur and
damage the vehicle. The repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Remove the jumper
cables in the correct order, making sure that the
cables do not touch each other or other metal.
5-43
To disconnect the jumper cables from both vehicles, do
the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the other
vehicle.
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part
B. Good Battery
C. Dead Battery
5-44
Rear Axle
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be on a
level surface.
When to Check Lubricant
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you will need to add some lubricant. Add enough
lubricant to raise the level to the bottom of the filler
plug hole.
It is not necessary to regularly check rear axle fluid
unless you suspect there is a leak or you hear an
unusual noise. A fluid loss could indicate a problem.
Have it inspected and repair.
How to Check Lubricant
What to Use
To add lubricant when the level is low, use
SAE 75W–90 Synthetic Gear Lubricant
(GM Part No. 12378261) or equivalent meeting
GM Specification 9986115. To completely refill after
draining, add 4 ounces (118 ml) of Limited-Slip
Differential Lubricant Additive (GM Part No. 1052358) or
equivalent. Then fill to the bottom of the filler plug
hole with the Synthetic Gear Lubricant.
5-45
Headlamp Aiming
Notice: To make sure your headlamps are aimed
properly, read all the instructions before beginning.
Failure to follow these instructions could cause
damage to headlamp parts.
The vehicle should be properly prepared as follows:
• The vehicle should be placed so the headlamps are
25 ft. (7.6 m) from a light colored wall or other flat
surface.
• The vehicle must have all four tires on a perfectly
level surface which is level all the way to the wall
or other flat surface.
• The vehicle should be placed so it is perpendicular
Your vehicle has a visual optical headlamp aiming
system equipped with horizontal aim indicators. The aim
has been preset at the factory and should need no
further adjustment. This is true even though your
horizontal aim indicators may not fall exactly on
the “0” (zero) marks on their scales.
If your vehicle is damaged in an accident, the headlamp
aim may be affected. Aim adjustment to the low beam
may be necessary if it is difficult to see lane markers
(for horizontal aim), or if oncoming drivers flash
their high beams at you (for vertical aim). If you believe
your headlamps need to be re-aimed, we recommend
that you take your vehicle to your dealer for service.
However, it is possible for you to re-aim your headlamps
as described in the following procedure.
5-46
to the wall or other flat surface.
• The vehicle should not have any snow, ice or mud
attached to it.
• The vehicle should be fully assembled and all other
work stopped while headlamp aiming is being done.
• The vehicle should be normally loaded with a
full tank of fuel and one person or 160 lbs (75 kg) on
the driver’s seat.
• Tires should be properly inflated.
• Start the vehicle and rock it to level the suspension.
Headlamp aiming is done with the vehicle low beam
lamps. The high beam lamps will be correctly aimed if
the low beam lamps are aimed properly.
The headlamp aiming
devices are under the
hood near the headlamps.
Headlamp Vertical Aiming
Notice: Horizontal aiming must be performed
before making any adjustments to the vertical aim.
Adjusting the vertical aim first will result in an
incorrect headlamp aim.
1. Find the aim dot on the lens of the low
beam lamps.
2. Measure the distance from the ground to the aim
dot on each low beam lamp. Record this distance.
3. At the wall or other flat surface, measure from the
ground upward the recorded distance from Step 2
and draw or tape a horizontal line the width of
the vehicle.
If you believe your headlamps need vertical (up/down)
adjustment, follow the vertical aiming procedure.
Adjustment screws can be turned with an E8 Torx
socket or T15 Torx screwdriver.
®
5-47
Notice: Do not cover a headlamp to improve beam
cut-off when aiming. Covering a headlamp may
cause excessive heat build-up which may cause
damage to the headlamp.
4. Turn on the low-beam headlamps and place a
piece of cardboard or equivalent in front of the
headlamp not being aimed. This should allow only
the beam of light from the headlamp being
aimed to be seen on the flat surface.
5-48
5. Turn the vertical aiming screw until the headlamp
beam is aimed to the horizontal tape line. The top
edge of the cut-off should be positioned at the
bottom edge of the horizontal tape line.
6. Repeat Steps 4 and 5
for the opposite
headlamp.
To replace the wiper blade assembly, do the following:
1. Place the vehicle in accessory mode and turn
the wipers on. Position the wipers on the
windshield in the mid-wipe position. Then with a
door open, turn the vehicle off.
Bulb Replacement
It is recommended that all bulbs be replaced by your
dealer.
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected at least
twice a year for wear or cracking. See “Wiper Blade
Check” under Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4.
It’s a good idea to clean or replace the wiper blade
assembly on a regular basis or when worn. For proper
windshield wiper blade length and type, see Normal
Maintenance Replacement Parts on page 6-13.
2. Tip the blade up and push down on the tab to
release the wiper blade assembly.
3. To install, align the wiper blade with the loop on the
wiper blade assembly, and push up to snap it into
place.
5-49
Tires
CAUTION:
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service,
see your GM Warranty booklet for details. For additional
information refer to the tire manufacturer’s booklet
included with your vehicle’s Owner’s Manual.
{CAUTION:
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
• Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much
friction. You could have an air-out and a
serious accident. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
• Underinflated tires pose the same danger
as overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
CAUTION:
5-50
(Continued)
(Continued)
• Overinflated tires are more likely to be
•
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact — such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If
your tread is badly worn, or if your tires
have been damaged, replace them.
Tire Sidewall Labeling
Useful information about a tire is molded into its
sidewall. The following illustration shows an example of
a passenger car tire sidewall.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
Tire Size
Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
Department of Transportation (DOT)
Tire Identification Number (TIN)
Tire Ply Material
Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG)
Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit
(A) Tire Size: The tire size code is a combination of
letters and numbers used to define a particular
tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction type and
service description. See the “Tire Size ” illustration later
in this section for more detail.
(B) Tire Performance Criteria Specification
(TPC Spec): Original equipment tires designed to
GM’s specific tire performance criteria have a TPC
specification code molded onto the sidewall. GM’s TPC
specifications meet or exceed all federal safety
guidelines.
(C) Department of Transportation (DOT): The
Department of Transportation (DOT) code indicates that
the tire is in compliance with the U.S. Department of
Transportation Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
5-51
(D) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters and
numbers following DOT code are the Tire Identification
Number (TIN). The TIN shows the manufacturer
and plant code, tire size, and date the tire was
manufactured. The TIN is molded onto both sides of the
tire, although only one side may have the date of
manufacture.
Tire Size Codes
The following illustration shows an example of a typical
passenger car tire size.
(E) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and number of
plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(F) Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG): Tire
manufacturers are required to grade tires based on three
performance factors: treadwear, traction and
temperature resistance. For more information see
Uniform Tire Quality Grading on page 5-64.
(G) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit: Maximum
load that can be carried and the maximum pressure
needed to support that load. For more information on
recommended tire pressure see Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 5-57 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-32.
5-52
A. P-Metric Tire
B. Tire Width
C. Aspect Ratio
D. Construction Code
E. Rim Diameter
F. Service Description
(A) P-Metric Tire: The United States version of a
metric tire sizing system. The letter “P” as the
first character in the tire size means a passenger
vehicle tire engineered to standards set by the
U. S. Tire and Rim Association.
(B) Tire Width: The three-digit number indicates the
tire section width in millimeters from sidewall to sidewall.
(C) Aspect Ratio: A two-digit number that indicates
the tire height-to-width measurements. For example, if
the tire size aspect ratio is “70,” as shown in item “C” of
the illustration, it would mean that the tire’s sidewall is
70% as high as it is wide.
(D) Construction Code: A letter code is used to
indicate the type of ply construction in the tire. The
letter “R” means radial ply construction; the letter “D”
means diagonal or bias ply construction; and the
letter “B” means belted-bias ply construction.
(E) Rim Diameter: Diameter of the wheel in inches.
(F) Service Description: These characters represent
the load range and the speed rating of a tire. The
load range represents the load carrying capacity a tire is
certified to carry. The load index can range from 1 to
279. The speed rating is the maximum speed a tire
is certified to carry a load. Speed ratings range
from “A” to “Z”.
Tire Terminology and Definitions
Air Pressure: The amount of air inside the tire pressing
outward on each square inch of the tire. Air pressure
is expressed in pounds per square inch (psi) or
kilopascal (kPa).
Accessory Weight: This means the combined weight
of optional accessories. Some examples of optional
accessories are, automatic transmission, power steering,
power brakes, power windows, power seats, and air
conditioning.
Aspect Ratio: The relationship of a tire’s height to
its width.
Belt: A rubber coated layer of cords that is located
between the plies and the tread. Cords may be made
from steel or other reinforcing materials.
Bead: The tire bead contains steel wires wrapped by
steel cords that hold the tire onto the rim.
Bias Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the plies are
laid at alternate angles less than 90 degrees to the
centerline of the tread.
Cold Inflation Pressure: The amount of air pressure in
a tire, measured in pounds per square inch (psi)
before a tire has built up heat from driving. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-57.
5-53
Curb Weight: This means the weight of a motor
vehicle with standard and optional equipment including
the maximum capacity of fuel, oil and coolant, but
without passengers and cargo.
DOT Markings: A code molded into the sidewall of a
tire signifying that the tire is in compliance with the U.S.
Department of Transportation motor vehicle safety
standards. The DOT code includes the Tire Identification
Number (TIN), an alphanumeric designator which can
also identify the tire manufacturer, production plant,
brand and date of production.
GVWR: Gross Vehicle Weight Rating, see Loading
Your Vehicle on page 4-32.
GAWR FRT: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the front
axle, see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-32.
GAWR RR: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the rear axle,
see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-32.
Intended Outboard Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire that must always face outward when
mounted on a vehicle.
Kilopascal (kPa): The metric unit for air pressure.
There are 6.9 kPa’s to one psi.
5-54
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire: A tire used on light duty
trucks and some multipurpose passenger vehicles.
Load Index: An assigned number ranging
from 1 to 279 that corresponds to the load carrying
capacity of a tire.
Maximum Inflation Pressure: The maximum air
pressure to which a cold tire may be inflated. The
maximum air pressure is molded onto the sidewall.
Maximum Load Rating: The load rating for a tire at the
maximum permissible inflation pressure for that tire.
Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight: The sum of curb
weight; accessory weight; vehicle capacity weight;
and production options weight.
Normal Occupant Weight: The number of occupants a
vehicle is designed to seat multiplied by 150 pounds
(68 kg). See Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-32.
Occupant Distribution: Designated seating positions.
Outward Facing Sidewall: The side of a asymmetrical
tire that has a particular side that faces outward
when mounted on a vehicle. The side of the tire that
contains a whitewall, bears white lettering or bears
manufacturer, brand and or model name molding that is
higher or deeper than the same moldings on the
other sidewall of the tire.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: A tire used on passenger
cars and some light duty trucks and multipurpose
vehicles.
Recommended Inflation Pressure: Vehicle
manufacturer’s recommended tire inflation pressure and
shown on the tire placard. See Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 5-57 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-32.
Radial Ply tire: A pneumatic tire in which the ply cords
that extend to the beads are laid at 90 degrees to the
centerline of the tread.
Rim: A metal support for a tire and upon which the tire
beads are seated.
Treadwear Indicators: Narrow bands, sometimes
called “wear bars,” that show across the tread of a tire
when only 2/32 inch of tread remains. See When It
Is Time for New Tires on page 5-62.
UTQGS: Uniform Tire Quality Grading Standards, a tire
information system that provides consumers with
ratings for a tire’s traction, temperature and treadwear.
Ratings are determined by tire manufacturers using
government testing procedures. The ratings are molded
into the sidewall of the tire. See Uniform Tire Quality
Grading on page 5-64.
Sidewall: The portion of a tire between the tread and
the bead.
Vehicle Capacity Weight: The number of designated
seating positions multiplied by 150 lbs. (68 kg) plus
the rated cargo load. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-32.
Speed Rating: An alphanumeric code assigned to a
tire indicating the maximum speed at which a tire
can operate.
Vehicle Maximum Load on the Tire: Load on an
individual tire due to curb weight, accessory weight,
occupant weight and cargo weight.
Traction: The friction between the tire and the road
surface. The amount of grip provided.
Vehicle Placard: A label permanently attached to a
vehicle showing the original equipment tire size
and recommended inflation pressure. See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 4-32.
Tread: The portion of a tire that comes into contact
with the road.
5-55
Run-Flat Tires
Your vehicle, when new, had run-flat tires. There’s
no spare tire, no tire changing equipment and no
place to store a tire in the vehicle. Run-flat tires
perform so well without any air that a Tire Pressure
Monitor (TPM) is used to alert you if a tire has lost
pressure.
If a tire goes flat, you won’t need to stop on the side of
the road to change the tire. You can just keep on
driving. The shorter the distance you drive and the
slower the speed, the greater the chance that the tire will
not have to be replaced. If you drive on a deflated
run- flat tire for 50 miles (80 km) or less and at speeds
of 55 mph (90 km/h) or less, there is a good chance
that the tire can be repaired. The tire can operate
effectively with no air pressure for up to 200 miles
(320 km) at speeds up to 55 mph (90 km/h), but the tire
would then have to be replaced. When a tire is filled
with air, it provides a cushion between the road and the
wheel. Because you won’t have this cushion when
driving on a deflated tire, try to avoid potholes that could
damage your wheel and require replacement of it.
5-56
Some road hazards can damage a tire beyond repair.
This damage could occur even before you’ve driven
on the tire in a deflated condition. When a tire has been
damaged, or if you’ve driven any distance on a
run-flat tire, check with an authorized run-flat tire service
center to determine whether the tire can be repaired
or should be replaced. To maintain your vehicle’s run-flat
feature, all replacement tires must be self-supporting
tires. As soon as possible, contact the nearest
authorized GM or run-flat servicing facility for inspection
and repair or replacement. To locate the nearest GM
or run-flat servicing facility, call Roadside Assistance.
For phone numbers and Roadside Service details
see Roadside Service on page 7-5.
{CAUTION:
Run-flat tires are constructed differently than
other tires and could explode during improper
service. You or others could be injured or
killed if you attempt to repair, replace,
dismount, or mount a run-flat tire. Let only an
authorized run-flat service center repair,
replace, dismount and mount run-flat tires.
The valve stems on your run-flat tires have sensors that
are part of the Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS).
See Tire Pressure Monitor System on page 5-58. These
sensors contain batteries which are designed to last
for 10 years under normal driving conditions. See your
dealer if you ever need to have a wheel replaced,
or if the sensors ever need replacement.
Notice: Using liquid sealants can damage the tire
valves and tire pressure monitor sensors in your
run-flat tires. This damage would not be covered
by warranty. Don’t use liquid sealants in your
run-flat tires.
Inflation - Tire Pressure
The Tire and Loading Information label, shows the
correct inflation pressures for your tires when they’re
cold. “Cold” means your vehicle has been sitting for
at least three hours or driven no more than 1 mile
(1.6 km). See Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-32
for more information on the Tire and Loading
Information label.
Notice: Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation
or overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can get
the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Too much flexing
Too much heat
Tire overloading
Bad wear
Bad handling
Bad fuel economy
If your tires have too much air (overinflation), you
can get the following:
•
•
•
•
Unusual wear
Bad handling
Rough ride
Needless damage from road hazards
5-57
When to Check
Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
Check your tires once a month or more.
Your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM) that
sends tire pressure information to the Driver Information
Center (DIC). Using the DIC control buttons, the
driver is able to check tire pressure levels in all four road
tires. See Tire Pressure Monitor System on page 5-58
and DIC Controls and Displays on page 3-57 for
additional information.
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Check tire inflation pressure when the tire is cold.
Cold means your vehicle has been sitting for at least
three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
Remove the valve cap from the tire valve stem. Press
the tire gage firmly onto the valve to get a pressure
measurement. If the cold tire inflation pressure matches
the recommended pressure on the Tire and Loading
Information label, no further adjustment is necessary.
If the inflation pressure is low, add air until you reach
the recommended amount.
If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on the
metal stem in the center of the tire valve. Recheck the
tire pressure with the tire gage.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and
moisture.
5-58
Tire Pressure Monitor System
The Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM) System on your
vehicle, uses radio and sensor technology to check tire
pressure levels. Sensors, mounted on each tire and
wheel assembly transmit tire pressure readings to
a receiver located in the vehicle. The TPM sensors
transmit tire pressure readings once every 60 seconds
while the vehicle is being driven and once every
60 minutes when the vehicle is stationary for more than
15 minutes. Using the Driver Information Center
(DIC), tire pressure levels can be viewed by the driver.
The TPM system also uses the DIC to warn the
driver when air pressure, in one or more tires, falls
below 25 psi (172 kPa) or is above 38 psi (262 kPa).
For additional information and details about the
DIC operation and displays see DIC Controls and
Displays on page 3-57 and DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 3-59.
A low tire warning light also appears on the instrument
panel cluster when a low tire condition exists. The
DIC message, CHECK TIRE PRESSURE and the low
tire pressure warning light will be shown each time
the engine is started and stay on until the low tire
condition is corrected.
When the tire pressure
monitoring system warning
light is lit, one or more
of your tires is significantly
under-inflated.
You should stop and check your tires as soon as
possible, and inflate them to the proper pressure as
indicated on the vehicle’s tire information placard.
Driving on a significantly under-inflated tire causes the
tire to overheat and can lead to tire failure.
Under-inflation also reduces fuel efficiency and tire tread
life, and may affect the vehicle’s handling and stopping
ability. Each tire, including the spare, should be
checked monthly when cold and set to the
recommended inflation pressure as specified in the
vehicle placard and owner’s manual.
The Tire and Loading Information Label (tire information
placard) is either on the rear edge of the driver’s door
or the driver’s door jamb near the latch. This label shows
the size of your vehicle’s original tires and the correct
inflation pressure for your vehicle’s tires when they
are cold. See Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-57.
Your vehicle’s TPM system can alert you about a low or
high tire pressure condition but it does not replace
normal tire maintenance. See Tire Inspection and
Rotation on page 5-60
Each TPM sensor has a unique identification code that
is matched to one of the four tire positions on your
vehicle. The tire and wheel assembly positions are, left
front (LF); right front (RF); right rear (RR) and left
rear (LR). Any time you rotate your vehicle’s tires or
replace one or more TPM sensors, the identification
codes will need to be matched to the new tire and wheel
position. The TPM matching process is performed in
a specific sequence and time limit. A special tool is also
required. See your dealer for service.
The SVC TIRE MONITOR message is displayed when
the TPM system is malfunctioning. For example,
one or more TPM sensors may be inoperable or
missing. See your dealer for service.
5-59
The TPM system operates on a radio frequency subject
to Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Rules
and with Industry and Science Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules and
with RSS-210 of Industry and Science Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1)
This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
5-60
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Your vehicle’s tires should be inspected regularly
for wear.
Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate your tires as
soon as possible and check wheel alignment. Also
check for damaged tires or wheels. See When It Is Time
for New Tires on page 5-62 and Wheel Replacement
on page 5-66 for additional information.
When rotating your vehicle’s tires, always use the
correct rotation pattern shown here. After the tires have
been rotated, adjust the front and rear inflation
pressures as shown on the tire and loading information
label, see Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-57 and
Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-32. Vehicles equipped
with the Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM) system will
need to have the sensors reset after a tire rotation is
performed. A special tool is needed to reset the sensor
identification codes. See your dealer for service.
Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly tightened.
See Wheel Replacement on page 5-66 and “Wheel
Nut Torque” under Capacities and Specifications
on page 5-91.
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could
come off and cause a crash. When you change
a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper
towel to do this; but be sure to use a scraper
or wire brush later, if you need to, to get all the
rust or dirt off.
5-61
When It Is Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of tread
remaining.
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
• You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
• You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
• The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged
deep enough to show cord or fabric.
• The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
• The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or
location of the damage.
5-62
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Tire and Loading Information label. For information
about this label and where to find it, see Loading
Your Vehicle on page 4-32.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
GM recommends that you get tires with that same
TPC Spec number. That way your vehicle will continue
to have tires that are designed to give proper
endurance, handling, speed rating, load range, traction,
ride, tire pressure monitoring system and other things
during normal service on your vehicle. If your tires have
an all-season tread design, the TPC number will be
followed by an “MS” (for mud and snow).
Whenever you replace your tires with those not having
a TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same
size, load range, speed rating and construction
type (bias, bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
If you replace your vehicle’s tires with those not having
a TPC Spec number, the tire pressure monitoring
system may give an inaccurate low-pressure warning.
Non-TPC Spec tires may give a low-pressure warning
that is higher or lower than the proper warning level you
would get with TPC Spec numbered tires.
{CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control
while driving. If you mix tires of different sizes
or types (radial and bias-belted tires), the
vehicle may not handle properly, and you
could have a crash. Using tires of different
sizes may also cause damage to your vehicle.
Be sure to use the same size and type tires on
all wheels.
{CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel
could fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only
radial-ply tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
5-63
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the
tire sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum
section width. For example:
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and
a half (1.5) times as well on the government course as
a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits, service practices and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance.
(This applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.)
The grades are molded on the sidewalls of most
passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type
snow tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires,
tires with nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches
(25 to 30 cm), or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
5-64
Traction – AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A,
B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability
to stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance. Warning: The traction grade
assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking
traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature – A, B, C
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation
of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested
under controlled conditions on a specified indoor
laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can
cause the material of the tire to degenerate and
reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a
level of performance which all passenger car tires must
meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the
minimum required by law.
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are
not needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
5-65
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the
wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced.
If the wheel leaks air, replace it (except some
aluminum wheels, which can sometimes be repaired).
See your dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted
the same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM
original equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to
have the right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
for your vehicle.
5-66
{CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel
bolts or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be
dangerous. It could affect the braking and
handling of your vehicle, make your tires lose
air and make you lose control. You could have
a collision in which you or others could be
injured. Always use the correct wheel, wheel
bolts and wheel nuts for replacement.
Notice: The wrong wheel can also cause problems
with bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper height,
vehicle ground clearance and tire clearance to the
body and chassis.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could
come off and cause a crash. When you change
a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper
towel to do this; but be sure to use a scraper
or wire brush later, if you need to, to get all the
rust or dirt off.
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to become
loose and even come off. This could lead to a
crash. Be sure to use the correct wheel nuts. If
you have to replace them, be sure to get new
GM original equipment wheel nuts.
Notice: Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead
to brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification.
{CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or the
threads of the wheel nuts. If you do, the wheel
nuts might come loose and the wheel could
fall off, causing a crash.
5-67
Used Replacement Wheels
Tire Chains
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used
or how far it’s been driven. It could fail
suddenly and cause a crash. If you have to
replace a wheel, use a new GM original
equipment wheel.
Don’t use tire chains. There’s not enough
clearance. Tire chains used on a vehicle
without the proper amount of clearance can
cause damage to the brakes, suspension or
other vehicle parts. The area damaged by the
tire chains could cause you to lose control of
your vehicle and you or others may be injured
in a crash. Use another type of traction device
only if its manufacturer recommends it for use
on your vehicle and tire size combination and
road conditions. Follow that manufacturer’s
instructions. To help avoid damage to your
vehicle, drive slowly, readjust or remove the
device if it’s contacting your vehicle, and
don’t spin your wheels. If you do find traction
devices that will fit, install them on the
rear tires.
5-68
Lifting Your Vehicle
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Lifting a vehicle can cause an injury. The
vehicle can slip off the jack and roll over you
or other people. You and they could be badly
injured. Find a level place to lift your vehicle.
To help prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put an automatic transmission shift lever
in PARK (P).
3. Turn off the engine.
To be even more certain the vehicle won’t
move, you can put blocks in front of and
behind the wheels.
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack, you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get
under a vehicle when it is supported only by
a jack.
{CAUTION:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even
make the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal
injury and vehicle damage, be sure to place
the jack in the proper location before raising
the vehicle.
If you ever use a jack to lift your vehicle, follow the
instructions that came with the jack, and be sure to use
the correct lifting points to avoid damaging your
vehicle.
5-69
Notice: Lifting your vehicle improperly can damage
your vehicle and result in costly repairs not
covered by your warranty. To lift your vehicle
properly, follow the advice in this part.
Lifting From the Front
To help prevent vehicle damage:
• Be sure to place a block or pad between the
jack and the vehicle.
• Make sure the jack you’re using spans at least
two crossmember ribs.
• Lift only in the areas shown in the following
pictures.
For additional information, see your dealer and the
Cadillac XLR service manual.
The front lifting points can be accessed from either side
of your vehicle, behind the front tires.
5-70
1. Locate the front lifting points (A), according to the
illustration shown.
3. Lift the vehicle with the jack, making sure the jack
spans at least two of the crossmember ribs (B).
2. Be sure to place a block or pad between the jack
and the vehicle.
5-71
Lifting From the Rear
1. Locate the rear lifting points (A), according to the
illustration shown.
The rear lifting points can be accessed from the
rear of the vehicle, on either the driver’s or
passenger’s side.
5-72
2. Be sure to place a block or pad between the jack
and the vehicle.
If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air
goes out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out
slowly. See Tires on page 5-50 for additional
information.
3. Lift the vehicle with the jack, making sure the jack
spans at least two of the crossmember ribs (B).
Your vehicle, when new, had run-flat tires. This type of
tire can operate effectively with no air pressure, so
you won’t need to stop on the side of the road to change
a flat tire. You can just keep on driving. The shorter
the distance you drive and the slower the speed,
the greater the chance that the run-flat tire will not have
to be replaced. Run-flat tires perform so well without
any air that a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM) is used
to alert you if a tire has lost pressure. See Run-Flat Tires
on page 5-56 and Tire Pressure Monitor System on
page 5-58.
For more information, see Doing Your Own Service
Work on page 5-3.
5-73
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
When the TIRE FLAT MAX SPD 55, REDUCED
HNDLG message is displayed on the Driver
Information Center, your vehicle’s handling
capabilities will be reduced during severe
maneuvers. If you drive too fast, you could
lose control of your vehicle. You or others
could be injured. Don’t drive over 55 mph
(90 km/h) when the TIRE FLAT MAX SPD 55,
REDUCED HNDLG message is displayed. Drive
cautiously and check your tire pressures as
soon as you can.
Special tools and procedures are required to
service a run-flat tire. If these special tools and
procedures aren’t used you or others could be
injured and your vehicle could be damaged.
Always be sure the proper tools and
procedures, as described in the service
manual, are used.
If the TPM system detects a tire pressure below 5 psi
(34 kPa), the TIRE FLAT MAX SPD 55, REDUCED
HNDLG warning message is displayed on the Driver
Information Center (DIC). See DIC Controls and
Displays on page 3-57 and DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 3-59 for information and details about the
DIC operation and displays.
5-74
Notice: Using liquid sealants can damage the tire
valves and tire pressure monitor sensors in your
run-flat tires. This damage would not be covered
by warranty. Don’t use liquid sealants in your
run-flat tires.
To order a service manual, see Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 7-11.
If a tire goes flat, the stability control system will turn on
automatically even if it was disabled by the driver.
When a flat tire condition exists the Stabilitrak® system
cannot be turned off. See Stabilitrak® System on
page 4-11.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flames if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed
space. When you use anything from a container to clean
your vehicle, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s
warnings and instructions. And always open your doors
or windows when you are cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Do not use any of these unless this manual says you
can. In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
•
•
•
•
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Benzene
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and
loose dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted
surfaces with a clean, damp cloth.
Naphtha
Cleaning Fabric/Carpet
Carbon Tetrachloride
Your dealer has cleaners for the cleaning of fabric
and carpet. They will clean normal spots and stains
very well.
Gasoline
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
Lacquer Thinner
You can get GM-approved cleaning products from your
dealer. See Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on
page 5-82.
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous — some more than
others — and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
5-75
Here are some cleaning tips:
• Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
• Clean up stains as soon as you can – before
they set.
• Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
• Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean
area often. A soft brush may be used if stains are
stubborn.
• If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning, clean
the entire area immediately or it will set.
Using Cleaner on Fabric
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any
loose dirt.
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section.
Mask surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
3. Follow the directions on the container label.
4. Apply cleaner with a clean sponge. Don’t saturate
the material and don’t rub it roughly.
5. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a
sponge to remove any excess cleaner.
6. Wipe cleaned area with a clean, water–dampened
towel or cloth.
7. Wipe with a clean cloth and let dry.
5-76
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
Stains caused by such things as catsup, coffee (black),
egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, vomit, urine
and blood can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
2. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine,
treat the area with a water/baking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
4. Let dry.
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
2. First, clean with cool water and allow to dry
completely.
3. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
• Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt.
You may have to do this more than once.
• Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if
you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth
and vinyl cleaner. See your dealer for this product.
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let
the leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
• For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner.
• Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
• Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the finish,
it can harm the leather.
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument
Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones
or waxes may cause annoying reflections in the
windshield and even make it difficult to see through the
windshield under certain conditions.
Cleaning the Interior Plastic
Components
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft cloth
or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
Cleaning Wood Panels
Use a clean cloth moistened in warm, soapy water
(use mild dish washing soap). Dry the wood immediately
with a clean cloth.
Cleaning the Speaker Covers
Vacuum around a speaker cover gently, so that the
speaker won’t be damaged. Clean spots with just water
and mild soap.
5-77
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Weatherstrips
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner or a
liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass. See
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-82.
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every six
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application may be required. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-11.
Notice: If you use abrasive cleaners when cleaning
glass surfaces on your vehicle, you could scratch
the glass and/or cause damage to the rear window
defogger and the integrated radio antenna. When
cleaning the glass on your vehicle, use only a soft
cloth and glass cleaner.
Cleaning the Outside of Your
Vehicle
Care of Safety Belts
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Keep belts clean and dry.
Washing Your Vehicle
{CAUTION:
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to
keep it clean by washing it often with lukewarm or
cold water.
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do, it
may severely weaken them. In a crash, they
might not be able to provide adequate
protection. Clean safety belts only with mild
soap and lukewarm water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Don’t use strong soaps
or chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle
well, removing all soap residue completely. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer.
See Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-82.
5-78
Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based, or
that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents
should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on
the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a soft,
clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid surface
scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a car
washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses.
Follow instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle.”
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the
paint finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. See Vehicle Care/Appearance
Materials on page 5-82.
If your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat paint
finish.
Notice: Machine compounding or aggressive
polishing on a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may
damage it. Use only non-abrasive waxes and
polishes that are made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish on your vehicle.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc.,
can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain
on painted surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as
possible. If necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that
are marked safe for painted surfaces to remove
foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a
period of years. You can help to keep the paint finish
looking new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
5-79
Cleaning Windshield and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running,
wax, sap or other material may be on the blade
or windshield.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners,
cleaners with acid, or abrasive cleaning brushes on
them because you could damage the surface. Do not
use chrome polish on aluminum wheels.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a full-strength
glass cleaning liquid. The windshield is clean if beads do
not form when you rinse it with water.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicone carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by
wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade
with water.
Cleaning Tires
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
Cleaning Aluminum Wheels
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with tire cleaner.
Notice: Using petroleum-based tire dressing
products on your vehicle may damage the paint
finish and/or tires. When applying a tire dressing,
always wipe off any overspray from all painted
surfaces on your vehicle.
Your vehicle is equipped with aluminum wheels.
Finish Damage
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax
may then be applied.
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the
finish should be repaired right away.
5-80
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials avaliable from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemical Paint Spotting
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, corrosion and rust can develop on the
underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan and
exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ring-shaped discolorations,
and small, irregular dark spots etched into the paint
surface.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and debris can collect. Dirt packed in close areas of
the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can
do this for you.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, GM will
repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
5-81
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
See your GM dealer for more information on purchasing
the following products.
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Description
Polishing Cloth
Wax-Treated
Tar and Road Oil
Remover
Chrome Cleaner and
Polish
White Sidewall Tire
Cleaner
Vinyl Cleaner
Glass Cleaner
Chrome and Wire Wheel
Cleaner
Finish Enhancer
5-82
Usage
Interior and exterior
polishing cloth.
Removes tar, road oil and
asphalt.
Use on chrome or
stainless steel.
Removes soil and black
marks from whitewalls.
Cleans vinyl tops,
upholstery and
convertible tops.
Removes dirt, grime,
smoke and fingerprints.
Removes dirt and grime
from chrome wheels and
wire wheel covers.
Removes dust,
fingerprints, and surface
contaminants. Spray on
wipe off.
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
(cont’d)
Description
Usage
Removes swirl marks, fine
Swirl Remover Polish
scratches and other light
surface contamination.
Removes light scratches
Cleaner Wax
and protects finish.
Cleans, shines and
Foaming Tire Shine
protects in one easy step,
Low Gloss
no wiping necessary.
Medium foaming
shampoo. Cleans and
Wash Wax Concentrate
lightly waxes.
Biodegradable and
phosphate free.
Quickly and easily
removes spots and stains
Spot Lifter
from carpets, vinyl and
cloth upholstery.
Odorless spray odor
Odor Eliminator
eliminator used on fabrics,
vinyl, leather and carpet.
See your General Motors parts department for these
products. See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-11.
Vehicle Identification
Engine Identification
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code. This
code will help you identify your engine, specifications
and replacement parts.
Service Parts Identification Label
You will find this label on the under side of the spare tire
cover in the trunk. It is very helpful if you ever need to
order parts. On this label is:
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on
the driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
•
•
•
•
your VIN,
the model designation,
paint information and
a list of all production option and special equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the
vehicle.
5-83
Electrical System
Add-On Electrical Equipment
Notice: Don’t add anything electrical to your
vehicle unless you check with your dealer first.
Some electrical equipment can damage your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment can
keep other components from working as they
should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting
to add anything electrical to your vehicle, see
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-48.
5-84
Windshield Wiper Fuses
The windshield wiper motor is protected by an internal
circuit breaker. If the wiper motor overheats due to
heavy snow, the wipers will stop until the motor cools
and will then restart.
A fuse powers the wiper motor. If the fuse blows, there
is an electrical problem. Be sure to have it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power
Options
Circuit breakers protect the power windows and power
seats. When the current load is too heavy, the circuit
breaker opens and closes, protecting the circuit until the
problem is fixed or goes away.
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses and circuit
breakers. This greatly reduces the chance of fires
caused by electrical problems.
The panel fuse block is located on the passenger’s side
of the vehicle, under the instrument panel and under
the toe-board.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical
size and rating. If a fuse should blow, see your dealer
for service immediately.
Remove the carpet and toe-board covering to access
the fuse block by pulling at the top of each corner of the
panel. Then turn the fuse block door knob
counterclockwise and pull the door to access the fuses.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have
a spare fuse, you can “borrow” one that has the
same amperage. Pick some feature of your vehicle that
you can get along without – like the radio or cigarette
lighter – and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
5-85
Fuses
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
Fuses
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
5-86
Usage
Spare fuse
Spare fuse
Spare fuse
Spare fuse
Fuse Pull
Reverse Lamp
Starter/Crank
19
20
21
22
23
24
Usage
Parking Brake Solenoid A
Reverse Lamps
BTSI Solenoid, Column Lock
Not Used
Not Used
GMLAN Devices
Rear Park Aid, Heated/Cooled
Seats, Windshield Wiper Relays
Door Locks
Engine Control Module
Interior Lights
Air Bags, Passenger Air Bag Off
Switch
Not Used
Onstar
Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC),
Driver Door Switch
Power Tilt Wheel, Telescopic
Steering Column, Memory Seat,
Driver Seat Switch, Retractable
Hardtop Switch
Ignition Switch, Intrusion Sensor
Stop Lamp
Fuses
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
Usage
Inside Rearview Mirror, Climate
Control System, Column Lock,
Power Sounder
Instrument Panel Cluster, Head-Up
Display (HUD)
Radio, S-Band, CD Changer
Tap-Up/Tap-Down Switch, Adaptive
Cruise Control (ACC) Switch, Cruise
Control Switch
Climate Control System, Power
Sounder
Rear Fog Lamps, Diagnostic Link
Connector
Power Folding Mirror
Trunk Close Button, Parking Brake
Solenoid B
Power Seats
Door Controls
Run, Accessory Power
Not Used
Fuses
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
Usage
Not Used
Rainsense™
Steering Wheel Control Button
Lights
Power Lumbar
Passenger’s Side Heated Seat
Driver’s Side Heated Seat
Not Used
Retractable Hardtop, Trunk Latch
Auxiliary Power
Cigar Lighter
Park Brake Hold
Park Brake Release
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Fuel Door
5-87
Underhood Fuse Block
To access the fuses, push in the tab located at the end
of the fuse block cover. Then lift the cover open.
The underhood fuse block
is located next to the
engine on the passenger’s
side of the vehicle. For
more information on
location, see Engine
Compartment Overview on
page 5-12.
Fuses
1
2
3
4
5-88
Usage
Anti-Lock Brake System, Magnetic
Ride Control
Horn
Adaptive Cruise Control,
Transmission Controls
Windshield Wipers
Fuses
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
Usage
Stop/Back-Up Lamps
Oxygen Sensor
Battery 5
Parking Lamps
Electronic Throttle Control
Fuel Pump
Engine Control Module,
Transmission Control Module
Odd Injectors
Magnetic Ride Control
Emission Controls
Air Conditioning Compressor
Even Injectors
Windshield Washer
Headlamp Washer
Right Low Beam Headlamp
Not Used
Left Low Beam Headlamp
Fog Lamp
Fuses
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
Usage
Right High Beam Headlamp
Left High Beam Headlamp
Not Used
Battery 3
Anti-Lock Brakes
Climate Controls
Battery 2
Starter
Audio Amplifier
Cooling Fan
Battery 1
Spare
Spare
Spare
Spare
Spare
Not Used
Fuse Puller
5-89
Relays
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
5-90
Usage
Horn
Air Conditioning Compressor
Windshield Washer
Parking Lamps
Fog Lamps
High Beam Headlamps
Rear Window Defogger
Relays
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
Usage
Windshield Wiper High/Low
Wiper RUN/ACCESSORY Power
Starter/Crank
Ignition 1
Windshield Wiper On/Off
Headlamp Washer
Low Beam Headlamps
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in English and metric conversions. Please refer to Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-11 for more information.
Capacities
English
Metric
Air Conditioning Refrigerant R134a
1.4 lbs
0.64 kg
Cooling System
14.8 quarts
14.0 L
Engine Oil with Filter
8 quarts
7.6 L
Fuel Tank
18.5 gallons
70.0 L
Transmission
9.5 quarts
8.5 L
Wheel Nut Torque
100 lb-ft
140 Y
All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure to fill to the approximate level as recommended in this
manual. Recheck fluid level after filling.
Application
Engine Specifications
Engine
4.6 L PV8
VIN Code
A
Transaxle
Spark Plug Gap
Displacement
Firing Order
5L50 – E
0.040 inches
(1.02 mm)
281 cubic inches
(4 563 cc)
1-2-7-3-4-5-6-8
5-91
✍ NOTES
5-92
Section 6
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule ......................................6-2
Introduction ...................................................6-2
Maintenance Requirements ..............................6-2
Your Vehicle and the Environment ....................6-2
Using Your Maintenance Schedule ....................6-2
Scheduled Maintenance ...................................6-4
Additional Required Services ............................6-6
Maintenance Footnotes ...................................6-7
Owner Checks and Services ............................6-8
At Each Fuel Fill ............................................6-8
At Least Once a Month ...................................6-8
At Least Once a Year .....................................6-9
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ...............6-11
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ..........6-13
Maintenance Record .....................................6-14
6-1
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction
Important: Keep engine oil at the proper level and
change as recommended.
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance is
important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level of
emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good condition,
be sure to maintain your vehicle properly.
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your
Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet or your dealer
for details.
Maintenance Requirements
Notice: Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections,
replacement parts and recommended fluids and
lubricants as prescribed in this manual are
necessary to keep your vehicle in good working
condition. Any damage caused by failure to follow
scheduled maintenance may not be covered by
warranty.
6-2
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we do not know
exactly how you will drive it. You may drive very
short distances only a few times a week. Or you may
drive long distances all the time in very hot, dusty
weather. You may use your vehicle in making deliveries.
Or you may drive it to work, to do errands or in many
other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may need more
frequent checks and replacements. So please read
the following and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good condition,
see your GM Goodwrench dealer.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
• carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on the tire and
loading information label. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-32.
• are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
• use the recommended fuel. See Gasoline Octane
on page 5-4.
The services in Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4
should be performed when indicated. See Additional
Required Services on page 6-6 and Maintenance
Footnotes on page 6-7 for further information.
{CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle can
be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you
can be seriously injured. Do your own
maintenance work only if you have the
required know-how and the proper tools and
equipment for the job. If you have any doubt,
see your GM Goodwrench dealer to have a
qualified technician do the work.
Some maintenance services can be complex. So,
unless you are technically qualified and have the
necessary equipment, you should have your GM
Goodwrench dealer do these jobs.
When you go to your GM Goodwrench dealer for your
service needs, you will know that GM-trained and
supported service technicians will perform the work
using genuine GM parts.
If you want to get service information, see Service
Publications Ordering Information on page 7-11.
Owner Checks and Services on page 6-8 tells you what
should be checked, when to check it and what you
can easily do to help keep your vehicle in good
condition.
The proper replacement parts, fluids and lubricants to
use are listed in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-11 and Normal Maintenance Replacement
Parts on page 6-13. When your vehicle is serviced,
make sure these are used. All parts should be replaced
and all necessary repairs done before you or anyone
else drives the vehicle. We recommend the use of
genuine GM parts.
6-3
Scheduled Maintenance
When the CHANGE OIL NOW message in the Driver
Information Center (DIC) comes on, it means that
service is required for your vehicle. Have your vehicle
serviced as soon as possible within the next 600 miles
(1 000 km). It is possible that, if you are driving
under the best conditions, the engine oil life system may
not indicate that vehicle service is necessary for over
a year. However, your engine oil and filter must be
changed at least once a year and at this time the system
must be reset. Your GM Goodwrench dealer has
GM-trained service technicians who will perform this
work using genuine GM parts and reset the system.
If the engine oil life system is ever reset accidentally,
you must service your vehicle within 3,000 miles
(5 000 km) since your last service. Remember to reset
the oil life system whenever the oil is changed. See
Engine Oil on page 5-13 for information on the Engine
Oil Life System and resetting the system.
6-4
When the CHANGE OIL NOW message appears,
certain services, checks and inspections are required.
Required services are described in the following for
“Maintenance I” and “Maintenance II.” Generally,
it is recommended that your first service be
Maintenance I, your second service be Maintenance II
and that you alternate Maintenance I and Maintenance II
thereafter. However, in some cases, Maintenance II
may be required more often.
Maintenance I — Use Maintenance I if the CHANGE
OIL NOW message comes on within ten months
since vehicle was purchased or Maintenance II was
performed.
Maintenance II — Use Maintenance II if the previous
service performed was Maintenance I. Always use
Maintenance II whenever the message comes on ten
months or more since the last service or if the message
has not come on at all for one year.
Service
Maintenance I Maintenance II
Change engine oil and filter. Reset oil life system. See Engine Oil on
page 5-13. An Emission Control Service.
•
•
Visually check for any leaks or damage. See footnote (a).
•
•
Check engine coolant and windshield washer fluid levels and add fluid as
needed.
•
•
Perform any needed additional services. See “Additional Required Services” in
this section.
•
•
Inspect wiper blades. See footnote (b).
•
Inspect restraint system components. See footnote (c).
•
Lubricate body components. See footnote (d).
•
Replace passenger compartment air filter. See footnote (e).
•
6-5
Additional Required Services
The following services should be performed at the first maintenance service (I or II) after the indicated miles
(kilometers) shown for each item.
Service
Inspect fuel system for damage or leaks.
Inspect exhaust system for loose or
damaged components.
Replace engine air cleaner filter. See
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on page 5-18.
An Emission Control Service.
Change automatic transmission fluid and
filter (severe service). See footnote (f).
Change automatic transmission fluid and
filter (normal service).
Replace spark plugs. An Emission
Control Service.
Engine cooling system service
(or every 5 years, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
See footnote (g).
Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
6-6
25,000
(41 500)
50,000
(83 000)
•
75,000
(125 000)
100,000
(166 000)
•
125,000
(207 500)
150,000
(240 000)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Maintenance Footnotes
† The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
(a) A fluid loss in any vehicle system could indicate a
problem. Have the system inspected and repaired
and the fluid level checked. Add fluid if needed.
(b) Visually inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking.
Replace blade inserts that appear worn or damaged
or that streak or miss areas of the windshield.
(c) Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages
are working properly. Look for any other loose or
damaged safety belt system parts. If you see anything
that might keep a safety belt system from doing its
job, have it repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts
replaced. Also look for any opened or broken air bag
coverings, and have them repaired or replaced. (The air
bag system does not need regular maintenance.)
(d) Lubricate the trunk key lock cylinder. Lubricate all
body door hinges. Lubricate all hinges and latches,
including those for the hood, trunk, console door and
any folding seat hardware. More frequent lubrication
may be required when exposed to a corrosive
environment. Applying silicone grease on weatherstrips
with a clean cloth will make them last longer, seal
better and not stick or squeak.
(e) If you drive regularly under dusty conditions, the
filter may require replacement more often.
(f) Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the
vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of these
conditions:
− In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
− In hilly or mountainous terrain.
− Uses such as high performance operation.
(g) Drain, flush and refill cooling system. See Engine
Coolant on page 5-20 for what to use. Inspect hoses.
Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and filler neck.
Pressure test the cooling system and pressure cap.
6-7
Owner Checks and Services
These owner checks and services should be performed
at the intervals specified to help ensure the safety,
dependability and emission control performance of your
vehicle. Your GM Goodwrench dealer can assist you
with these checks and services.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-11.
At Each Fuel Fill
Notice: It is important to check your oil regularly
and keep it at the proper level. Failure to keep your
engine oil at the proper level can cause damage
to your engine not covered by your warranty.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add
DEX-COOL® coolant mixture if necessary.
See Engine Coolant on page 5-20 for further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the windshield
washer tank and add the proper fluid if necessary.
It is important to perform these underhood checks at
each fuel fill.
At Least Once a Month
Engine Oil Level Check
Tire Inflation Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if
necessary. See Engine Oil on page 5-13 for further
details.
6-8
Visually inspect your tires and make sure tires are
inflated to the correct pressures. See Tires on page 5-50
for further details.
At Least Once a Year
Starter Switch Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the regular
brake. See Parking Brake on page 2-26 if
necessary.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to
turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter
should work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
If the starter works in any other position, contact
your GM Goodwrench dealer for service.
Transmission Shift Lock Control System
Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle. It should be parked on a level
surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See Parking Brake
on page 2-26 if necessary.
Be ready to apply the regular brake immediately if
the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off and without applying the regular
brake, try to move the shift lever out of PARK (P)
with normal effort. If the shift lever moves out
of PARK (P), contact your GM Goodwrench dealer
for service.
6-9
Parking Brake and Transmission Park (P)
Mechanism Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or others could be
injured and property could be damaged. Make
sure there is room in front of your vehicle in
case it begins to roll. Be ready to apply the
regular brake at once should the vehicle begin
to move.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake,
set the parking brake.
• To check the parking brake’s holding ability: With
the engine running and transmission in
NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove foot pressure from
the regular brake pedal. Do this until the vehicle is
held by the parking brake only.
• To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding
ability: With the engine running, shift to PARK (P).
Then release the parking brake followed by the
regular brake.
Contact your GM Goodwrench dealer if service is
required.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
6-10
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name, part
number or specification may be obtained from your
dealer.
Usage
Engine Oil
Fluid/Lubricant
The engine requires a
special engine oil meeting GM
Standard GM4718M. Oils meeting
this standard may be identified as
synthetic, and should also be
identified with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified for
Gasoline Engines starburst symbol.
However, not all synthetic API oils
with the starburst symbol will meet
this GM standard. You should look
for and use only an oil that meets
GM Standard GM4718M. For the
proper viscosity, see Engine Oil on
page 5-13.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and use only
Engine Coolant
DEX-COOL® Coolant. See Engine
Coolant on page 5-20.
Hydraulic Brake Delco Supreme 11 Brake Fluid or
System
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid.
Windshield
GM Optikleen® Washer Solvent.
Washer Solvent
Power Steering Fluid
Power Steering GM
(GM
Part No.U.S. 89021184, in
System
Canada 89021186).
Automatic
Transmission
DEXRON®-III Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Trunk Key
Lock Cylinder
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241, in
Canada 10953474).
6-11
Usage
Rear Axle
(Limited-Slip
Differential)
6-12
Fluid/Lubricant
SAE 75W-90 Synthetic
Axle Lubricant (GM Part
No. U.S. 12378261, in
Canada 10953455) meeting GM
Specification 9986115. With a
complete drain and refill add
4 ounces (118 ml) of Limited-Slip
Axle Lubricant Additive (GM Part
No. U.S. 1052358, in Canada
992694) where required.
See Rear Axle on page 5-45.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Secondary
Latch,
Pivots, Spring
Anchor and
Release Pawl
Lubriplate Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346293, in
Canada 992723) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Hood and
Door Hinges
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241, in
Canada 10953474).
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345579, in
Canada 992887).
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Replacement parts identified below by name, part number, or specification can be obtained from your dealer.
GM Part Number
AC Delco® Part Number
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter Element
Engine Oil Filter
Passenger Compartment Air Filter Element
Spark Plugs
25099149
89017342
10345066
12571535
A1208C
PF61
—
41–986
Windshield Wiper Blade
(Shepherd’s Hook Type) 500 mm
12367281
—
Part
Engine Drive Belt Routing
6-13
Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading, who performed the service and the
type of services performed in the boxes provided. See Maintenance Requirements on page 6-2 in this section.
Any additional information from Owner Checks and Services on page 6-8 can be added on the following record pages.
Also, you should retain all maintenance receipts.
Maintenance Record
Date
6-14
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
6-15
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
6-16
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Section 7
Customer Assistance Information
Customer Assistance Information ......................7-2
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ......................7-2
Online Owner Center ......................................7-3
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users ................................7-4
Customer Assistance Offices ............................7-4
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities ..................................................7-5
Roadside Service ...........................................7-5
Courtesy Transportation ...................................7-7
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Records .............................................7-8
Reporting Safety Defects ................................7-10
Reporting Safety Defects to the United States
Government ..............................................7-10
Reporting Safety Defects to the Canadian
Government ..............................................7-10
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors .....7-11
Service Publications Ordering Information .........7-11
7-1
Customer Assistance
Information
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to
your dealer and to Cadillac. Normally, any concerns
with the sales transaction or the operation of your
vehicle will be resolved by your dealer’s sales or service
departments. Sometimes, however, despite the best
intentions of all concerned, misunderstandings can
occur. If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE: Discuss your concern with a member of
dealership management. Normally, concerns can
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the sales, service or parts
manager, contact the owner of the dealership or
the general manager.
7-2
STEP TWO: If after contacting a member of dealership
management, it appears your concern cannot be
resolved by the dealership without further help, contact
the Cadillac Customer Assistance Center, 24 hours
a day, by calling 1-800-458-8006. In Canada, contact
GM of Canada Customer Communication Centre
in Oshawa by calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or
1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in order
to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have
the following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
• Vehicle Identification Number (This is available from
the vehicle registration or title, or the plate at the
top left of the instrument panel and visible through
the windshield.)
• Dealership name and location
• Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
When contacting Cadillac, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility. That
is why we suggest you follow Step One first if you
have a concern.
STEP THREE: Both General Motors and your dealer are
committed to making sure you are completely satisfied
with your new vehicle. However, if you continue to remain
unsatisfied after following the procedure outlined in Steps
One and Two, you should file with the BBB Auto Line
Program to enforce any additional rights you may have.
Canadian owners refer to your Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information booklet for information on the
Canadian Motor Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business Bureaus
to settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle repairs or
the interpretation of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Although you may be required to resort to this informal
dispute resolution program prior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge and your case will
generally be heard within 40 days. If you do not agree
with the decision given in your case, you may reject it and
proceed with any other venue for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB Auto Line Program using the
toll-free telephone number or write them at the following
address:
BBB Auto Line Program
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the District
of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle age,
mileage and other factors. General Motors reserves the
right to change eligibility limitations and/or discontinue
its participation in this program.
Online Owner Center
The Owner Center is a resource for your GM ownership
needs. You can find your specific vehicle information
all in one place.
The Owner Center allows you to:
• Get e-mail service reminders.
• Access information about your specific vehicle,
including tips and videos and an electronic
version of this owner’s manual. (United States only)
• Keep track of your vehicle’s service history and
maintenance schedule.
• Find GM dealers for service nationwide.
• Receive special promotions and privileges only
available to members. (United States only)
Refer to the web for updated information.
To register your vehicle, visit www.MyGMLink.com.
(United States) or My GM Canada within
www.gmcanada.com (Canada).
7-3
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
From U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Cadillac has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate
with Cadillac by dialing: 1-800-833-CMCC (2622).
(TTY users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Canada – Customer Assistance
Customer Assistance Offices
Cadillac encourages customers to call the toll-free
number for assistance. If a U.S. customer wishes to
write to Cadillac, the letter should be addressed
to Cadillac’s Customer Assistance Center.
United States – Customer Assistance
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
1-800-458-8006
1-800-833-2622 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-882-1112
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
7-4
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-882-1112
Overseas – Customer Assistance
Please contact the local General Motors Business Unit.
Mexico, Central America and
Caribbean Islands/Countries
(Except Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin
Islands) – Customer Assistance
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52-53 29 0 800
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
This program, available to
qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to
$1,000 toward eligible
aftermarket driver or
passenger adaptive
equipment you may
require for your vehicle
(hand controls,
wheelchair/scooter
lifts, etc.).
This program can also provide you with free resource
information, such as area driver assessment centers and
mobility equipment installers. The offer is available for
a limited period of time from the date of vehicle
purchase/lease. For more details, or to determine your
vehicle’s eligibility, see your GM dealer or call the
GM Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
Roadside Service
Cadillac’s exceptional Roadside Service is more than an
auto club or towing service. It provides every Cadillac
owner with the advantage of contacting a Cadillac
advisor and, where available, a Cadillac trained dealer
technician who can provide on-site service.
Each technician travels with a specially equipped
service vehicle complete with the necessary Cadillac
parts and tools required to handle most roadside repairs.
Cadillac Roadside Service® can be reached by dialing
1-800-882-1112, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
This service is provided at no charge for any
warranty-covered situation and for a nominal charge if
the Cadillac is no longer under warranty. Roadside
Service is available only in the United States and
Canada.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program. Call
1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details. All TTY users
call 1-800-263-3830.
7-5
Cadillac Owner Privileges™
Reaching Roadside Service
Roadside Service provides several Cadillac Owner
Privileges™ at “no charge,” throughout your Cadillac
Warranty Period – 48 months/50,000 miles (80 000 km).
Dial the toll-free Roadside Service number:
1-800-882-1112. An experienced Roadside Service
Advisor will assist you and request the following
information:
Emergency Road Service is performed on site for the
following situations:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Towing Service
Battery Jump Starting
Lock Out Assistance
Fuel Delivery
Flat Tire Change (Covers change only)
Trip Interruption – If your trip is interrupted due to a
warranty failure, incidental expenses may be
reimbursed during the 48 months/50,000 miles
(80 000 km) warranty period. Items covered
are hotel, meals and rental car.
Roadside Service Availability
Wherever you drive in the United States or Canada, an
advisor is available to assist you over the phone. A
dealer technician, if available, can travel to your location
within a 30 mile (50 km) radius of a participating
Cadillac dealership. If beyond this radius, we will
arrange to have your car towed to the nearest Cadillac
dealership.
7-6
• A description of the problem
• Name, home address, home telephone number
• Location of your Cadillac and number you are
calling from
• The model year, Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN), mileage and date of delivery
Roadside Service for the Hearing or
Speech Impaired
Roadside Service is prepared to assist owners who
have hearing difficulties or are speech impaired. Cadillac
has installed special telecommunication devices
called Text Telephone (TTY) in the Roadside Service
Center.
Any customer who has access to a (TTY) or a
conventional teletypewriter can communicate with
Cadillac by dialing from the United States or
Canada 1-888-889-2438 – daily, 24 hours.
Courtesy Transportation
Cadillac has always exemplified quality and value in its
offering of motor vehicles. To enhance your ownership
experience, we and our participating dealers are
proud to offer Courtesy Transportation, a customer
support program for new vehicles.
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to retail
purchase/lease customers in conjunction with the
Bumper-to-Bumper coverage provided by the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation options
are available when warranty repairs are required.
This will reduce your inconvenience during warranty
repairs.
Plan Ahead When Possible
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you
should contact your dealer and request an appointment.
By scheduling a service appointment and advising
your service consultant of your transportation needs,
your dealer can help minimize your inconvenience.
If your vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service
department immediately, keep driving it until it can be
scheduled for service, unless, of course, the problem is
safety-related. If it is, please call your dealership, let
them know this, and ask for instructions.
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle
off for service, you are urged to do so as early in
the work day as possible to allow for same day repair.
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed while you
wait. However, if you are unable to wait Cadillac
helps minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances,
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Participating dealers can provide you with shuttle
service to get you to your destination with minimal
interruption of your daily schedule. This includes a one
way or round trip shuttle service to a destination up
to 10 miles from the dealership.
Public Transportation or Fuel
Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement (five days maximum) may be available
for the use of public transportation such as taxi or
bus. In addition, should you arrange transportation
through a friend or relative, reimbursement for
reasonable fuel expenses (five day maximum) may be
available. Claim amounts should reflect actual costs and
be supported by original receipts.
7-7
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Your dealer may arrange to provide you with a courtesy
rental vehicle or reimburse you for a rental vehicle
you obtained if your vehicle is kept for a warranty repair.
Reimbursement will be limited to a maximum of $40 a
day and must be supported by receipts. This requires
that you sign and complete a rental agreement and meet
state, local and rental vehicle provider requirements.
Requirements vary and may include minimum age
requirements, insurance coverage, credit card, etc. You
are responsible for fuel usage charges and may also
be responsible for taxes, levies, usage fees, excessive
mileage or rental usage beyond the completion of
the repair.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle as
a courtesy rental.
Additional Program Information
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period, but it is
not part of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. A
separate booklet entitled Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information furnished with each new vehicle
provides detailed warranty coverage information.
Courtesy Transportation is available only at participating
dealers and all program options, such as shuttle
service, may not be available at every dealer.
7-8
Please contact you dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by appropriate dealer personnel.
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during
the Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult
your dealer for details.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at
any time and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described
herein at its sole discretion.
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Records
Your vehicle, like other modern motor vehicles, has a
number of sophisticated computer systems that monitor
and control several aspects of the vehicle’s
performance. Your vehicle uses on-board vehicle
computers to monitor emission control components to
optimize fuel economy, to monitor conditions for
airbag deployment and, if so equipped, to provide
anti-lock braking and to help the driver control the
vehicle in difficult driving situations.
Some information may be stored during regular
operations to facilitate repair of detected malfunctions;
other information is stored only in a crash or near crash
event by computer systems commonly called event
data recorders (EDR).
In a crash or near crash event, computer systems, such
as the Airbag Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM)
in your vehicle may record information about the
condition of the vehicle and how it was operated, such
as engine speed, brake applications, throttle position,
vehicle speed, seat belt usage, airbag readiness, airbag
performance data, and the severity of a collision. This
information has been used to improve vehicle crash
performance and may be used to improve crash
performance of future vehicles and driving safety. Unlike
the data recorders on many airplanes, these on-board
systems do not record sounds, such as conversation of
vehicle occupants.
To read this information, special equipment is needed
and access to the vehicle or the SDM is required.
GM will not access information about a crash event or
share it with others other than
• in response to an official request of police or similar
government office,
• as part of GM’s defense of litigation through the
discovery process, or
• as required by law.
In addition, once GM collects or receives data, GM may
• use the data for GM research needs,
• make it available for research where appropriate
confidentiality is to be maintained and need is
shown, or
• share summary data which is not tied to a specific
vehicle with non-GM organizations for research
purposes.
Others, such as law enforcement, may have access to
the special equipment that can read the information
if they have access to the vehicle or SDM.
If your vehicle is equipped with OnStar, please check
the OnStar subscription service agreement or manual for
information on its operations and data collection.
• with the consent of the vehicle owner or, if the
vehicle is leased, with the consent of the lessee,
7-9
Reporting Safety Defects
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to notifying
General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in
the Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
7-10
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
Reporting Safety Defects to General
Motors
Service Publications Ordering
Information
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada) in
a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify us.
Please call us at 1-800-458-8006, or write:
Service Manuals
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
General Motors of Canada Limited
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle, suspension,
brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $120.00
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer
Case Unit Repair Manual
This manual provides information on unit repair service
procedures, adjustments and specifications for GM
transmissions, transaxles and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $50.00
7-11
Service Bulletins
Current and Past Model Order Forms
Service Bulletins give technical service information
needed to knowledgeably service General Motors cars
and trucks. Each bulletin contains instructions to
assist in the diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
Service Publications are available for current and
past model GM vehicles. To request an order form,
please specify year and model name of the vehicle.
In Canada, information pertaining to Product Service
Bulletins can be obtained by contacting your General
Motors dealer or by calling 1-800-GM-DRIVE
(1-800-463-7483).
Owner’s Information
Owner publications are written specifically for owners
and intended to provide basic operational information
about the vehicle. The owner’s manual will include
the Maintenance Schedule for all models.
Owner’s Manual
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Eastern Time
For Credit Card Orders Only
(VISA-MasterCard-Discover), visit Helm, Inc. on the
World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
Or you can write to:
Helm, Incorporated
P. O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
Prices are subject to change without notice and without
incurring obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are
quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents are to make
checks payable in U.S. funds.
7-12
A
Accessory Power Outlets ................................. 3-34
Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) .......................... 3-11
Adding Washer Fluid ....................................... 5-34
Additional Program Information ........................... 7-8
Additives, Fuel ................................................. 5-6
Add-On Electrical Equipment ............................ 5-84
Air Bag
Off Light ..................................................... 3-45
Readiness Light .......................................... 3-44
Air Bag Systems ............................................. 1-36
Air Bag Off Switch ....................................... 1-44
How Does an Air Bag Restrain? .................... 1-42
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle ......... 1-48
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate? .................... 1-42
What Will You See After an Air
Bag Inflates? ........................................... 1-42
When Should an Air Bag Inflate? ................... 1-41
Where Are the Air Bags? .............................. 1-38
Air Cleaner/Filter, Engine ................................. 5-18
Airbag Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM) ...... 7-8
AM ............................................................... 3-75
Antenna, Diversity Antenna System ................... 3-76
Antenna, XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna
System ...................................................... 3-76
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) ............................ 4-7
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light ............... 3-48
Appearance Care ............................................ 5-75
Care of Safety Belts .................................... 5-78
Appearance Care (cont.)
Chemical Paint Spotting ...............................
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle ................
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle ..............
Finish Damage ............................................
Underbody Maintenance ...............................
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ................
Weatherstrips ..............................................
Approach Lights .............................................
Arming the System .........................................
Ashtrays ........................................................
Audio System(s) .............................................
Audio Steering Wheel Controls ......................
Care of Your CD Player ...............................
Care of Your CDs ........................................
Diversity Antenna System .............................
Navigation/Radio System ..............................
Radio Personalization with Home and
Away Feature ..........................................
Theft-Deterrent Feature ................................
Understanding Radio Reception .....................
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ............
Auto Exit Recall ..............................................
Auto Lock ......................................................
Auto Recall ....................................................
Auto Unlock ...................................................
Automatic Transmission
Fluid ..........................................................
Operation ...................................................
5-81
5-75
5-78
5-80
5-81
5-82
5-78
3-69
2-17
3-35
3-72
3-74
3-75
3-75
3-76
3-73
3-73
3-74
3-75
3-76
3-69
3-71
3-69
3-71
5-19
2-23
1
B
Battery .......................................................... 5-38
Battery Replacement ......................................... 2-7
Battery Run-Down Protection ............................ 3-28
Before Leaving on a Long Trip ......................... 4-25
Brake
Parking ...................................................... 2-26
System Warning Light .................................. 3-47
Brake Fluid .................................................... 5-35
Brake Wear ................................................... 5-37
Brakes .......................................................... 5-35
Braking ........................................................... 4-6
Braking in Emergencies ..................................... 4-8
Break-In, New Vehicle ..................................... 2-19
Bulb Replacement ........................................... 5-49
Headlamp Aiming ........................................ 5-46
Buying New Tires ........................................... 5-63
C
Cadillac Owner Privileges™ ............................... 7-6
California Fuel .................................................. 5-5
Canada – Customer Assistance .......................... 7-4
Canadian Owners ................................................ ii
Capacities and Specifications ............................ 5-91
2
Carbon Monoxide ................... 4-28, 4-37, 2-11,
Care of
Safety Belts ................................................
Your CD Player ...........................................
Your CDs ...................................................
Cellular Phone Usage ......................................
Center Console Storage Area ...........................
Chains, Tires ..................................................
Check Engine Light .........................................
Checking Coolant ............................................
Checking Engine Oil ........................................
Checking Things Under the Hood ......................
Checking Your Restraint Systems ......................
Chemical Paint Spotting ...................................
Child Restraints
Child Restraint Systems ...............................
Infants and Young Children ...........................
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) ..........................
Older Children .............................................
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the
LATCH System ........................................
Securing a Child Restraint in the Passenger
Seat Position ...........................................
Top Strap ...................................................
Cigarette Lighter .............................................
2-31
5-78
3-75
3-75
3-75
2-41
5-68
3-50
5-22
5-13
5-10
1-48
5-81
1-23
1-20
1-27
1-18
1-29
1-31
1-27
3-35
Cleaning
Inside of Your Vehicle .................................. 5-75
Outside of Your Vehicle ................................ 5-78
Underbody Maintenance ............................... 5-81
Weatherstrips .............................................. 5-78
Cleaning Aluminum Wheels .............................. 5-80
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses ....................... 5-79
Cleaning Fabric/Carpet .................................... 5-75
Cleaning Glass Surfaces .................................. 5-78
Cleaning Leather ............................................ 5-77
Cleaning the Interior Plastic Components ........... 5-77
Cleaning the Mirror ......................................... 2-33
Cleaning the Speaker Covers ........................... 5-77
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel ........... 5-77
Cleaning Tires ................................................ 5-80
Cleaning Vinyl ................................................ 5-77
Cleaning Windshield and Wiper Blades .............. 5-80
Cleaning Wood Panels .................................... 5-77
Climate Control System
Air Filter, Passenger Compartment ................. 3-40
Dual .......................................................... 3-35
Outlet Adjustment ........................................ 3-40
Control of a Vehicle .......................................... 4-5
Convenience Net ............................................ 2-43
Coolant
Engine Temperature Gage ............................ 3-49
Heater, Engine ............................................ 2-21
Surge Tank Pressure Cap ............................. 5-23
Cooled Seats ................................................... 1-3
Cooling System .............................................. 5-26
Courtesy Lamps ............................................. 3-28
Cupholder(s) .................................................. 2-41
Current and Past Model Order Forms ................ 7-12
Customer Assistance Information
Courtesy Transportation .................................. 7-7
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users ............................... 7-4
Customer Assistance Offices ........................... 7-4
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ..................... 7-2
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities ................................................ 7-5
Reporting Safety Defects to General
Motors .................................................... 7-11
Reporting Safety Defects to the Canadian
Government ............................................ 7-10
Reporting Safety Defects to the United
States Government ................................... 7-10
Roadside Service .......................................... 7-5
Service Publications Ordering Information ........ 7-11
D
Daytime Running Lamps .................................. 3-25
Defensive Driving ............................................. 4-2
Defogging and Defrosting ................................. 3-39
Disarming the System ..................................... 2-18
Diversity Antenna System ................................. 3-76
Doing Your Own Service Work ........................... 5-3
3
Door
Locks .......................................................... 2-8
Power Door Locks ....................................... 2-10
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............. 2-10
Driver
Position, Safety Belt ..................................... 1-10
Driver Information Center (DIC) ......................... 3-57
DIC Controls and Displays ............................ 3-57
DIC Vehicle Personalization .......................... 3-68
DIC Warnings and Messages ........................ 3-59
Other Messages .......................................... 3-67
Driver Shift Control ......................................... 2-25
Driving
At Night ..................................................... 4-18
City ........................................................... 4-23
Defensive ..................................................... 4-2
Drunken ....................................................... 4-2
Freeway ..................................................... 4-24
Hill and Mountain Roads .............................. 4-26
In Rain and on Wet Roads ........................... 4-20
Winter ........................................................ 4-28
Driving On Snow or Ice ................................... 4-29
Driving Through Deep Standing Water ............... 4-22
Driving Through Flowing Water ......................... 4-22
Dual Climate Control System ............................ 3-35
4
E
Eight-Way Power Seats ..................................... 1-2
Electrical System
Add-On Equipment ...................................... 5-84
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ........................... 5-85
Power Windows and Other Power Options ...... 5-84
Windshield Wiper Fuses ............................... 5-84
Emergency Trunk Release Handle ..................... 2-14
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
Programs ................................................... 3-53
Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter ......................................... 5-18
Battery ....................................................... 5-38
Check and Service Engine Soon Light ............ 3-50
Coolant ...................................................... 5-20
Coolant Heater ............................................ 2-21
Coolant Temperature Gage ........................... 3-49
Drive Belt Routing ....................................... 6-13
Engine Compartment Overview ...................... 5-12
Exhaust ..................................................... 2-31
Oil ............................................................. 5-13
Oil Pressure Gage ....................................... 3-54
Overheating ................................................ 5-23
Starting ...................................................... 2-20
Engine Oil Additives ........................................ 5-16
Erasing HomeLink® Buttons .............................. 2-40
Event Data Records (EDR) ................................ 7-8
Exit Lights ..................................................... 3-69
Exit/Entry Lighting ........................................... 3-28
Express-Down Window .................................... 2-16
Express-Up Window ........................................ 2-16
Extender, Safety Belt ....................................... 1-17
Exterior Lamps ............................................... 3-24
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver .......................... 3-27
F
Feature Programming ...................................... 3-68
Filter
Engine Air Cleaner ...................................... 5-18
Finish Care .................................................... 5-79
Finish Damage ............................................... 5-80
Flash at Lock ................................................. 3-70
Flash at Unlock .............................................. 3-70
Flash-to-Pass ................................................... 3-9
Flat Tire ........................................................ 5-73
Floor Mats ..................................................... 2-42
Fluid
Automatic Transmission ................................ 5-19
Power Steering ........................................... 5-32
Windshield Washer ...................................... 5-33
FM Stereo ..................................................... 3-75
FOB Reminder ............................................... 3-70
Fog Lamp Light .............................................. 3-55
Fog Lamps .................................................... 3-26
Fuel ............................................................... 5-4
Additives ...................................................... 5-6
California Fuel .............................................. 5-5
Filling a Portable Fuel Container .................... 5-10
Filling Your Tank ........................................... 5-7
Fuels in Foreign Countries .............................. 5-6
Gage ......................................................... 3-56
Gasoline Octane ........................................... 5-4
Gasoline Specifications .................................. 5-5
Fuses
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ........................... 5-85
Windshield Wiper ......................................... 5-84
G
Gage
Engine Coolant Temperature ......................... 3-49
Engine Oil Pressure ..................................... 3-54
Fuel .......................................................... 3-56
Speedometer .............................................. 3-43
Tachometer ................................................. 3-43
Voltmeter Gage ........................................... 3-46
Garage Door Opener ....................................... 2-37
Gasoline
Octane ........................................................ 5-4
Specifications ............................................... 5-5
5
Gate Operator and Canadian Programming ........ 2-39
Glove Box ..................................................... 2-41
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities .................................................... 7-5
H
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................... 3-6
Headlamp
Aiming ....................................................... 5-46
Vertical Aiming ............................................ 5-47
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer .................... 3-8
Headlamps
Bulb Replacement ....................................... 5-49
Headlamps on Reminder ................................... 3-8
Head-Up Display (HUD) ................................... 3-29
Heated Seats ................................................... 1-3
Highway Hypnosis ........................................... 4-26
Hill and Mountain Roads .................................. 4-26
HomeLink® Transmitter .................................... 2-37
HomeLink® Transmitter, Programming ................ 2-37
Hood
Checking Things Under ................................ 5-10
Release ..................................................... 5-11
Horn ............................................................... 3-7
How the System Works ................................... 3-33
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank ................................................. 5-28
6
How to Check ........................................ 5-19, 5-58
How to Check Lubricant ................................... 5-45
How to Check Power Steering Fluid .................. 5-33
How to Remove and Replace the
Floor Mats .................................................. 2-42
How to Use This Manual ...................................... ii
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ..................... 1-9
Hydroplaning .................................................. 4-21
I
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine .......... 5-25
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine ............... 5-24
If the Light Is Flashing ..................................... 3-51
If the Light Is On Steady ................................. 3-52
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard ......................... 4-30
If You Are Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ....... 4-31
Ignition Positions ............................................. 2-19
Infants and Young Children, Restraints ............... 1-20
Inflation - Tire Pressure ................................... 5-57
Instrument Panel
Cluster ....................................................... 3-42
Overview ..................................................... 3-4
Instrument Panel Brightness ............................. 3-27
Instrument Panel Fuse Block ............................ 5-85
Interior Lamps ................................................ 3-27
J
Jump Starting ................................................. 5-39
K
Keyless Access System ..................................... 2-3
Keyless Access System Operation ...................... 2-4
Keys ............................................................... 2-2
L
Lamps
Exterior ......................................................
Interior .......................................................
Lamps on Reminder ........................................
Language ......................................................
Lap-Shoulder Belt ...........................................
LATCH System
Child Restraints ...........................................
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the
LATCH System ........................................
Leaving Your Vehicle .......................................
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running .....................................................
Lifting From the Front ......................................
Lifting From the Rear ......................................
Lifting Your Vehicle, Tires .................................
3-24
3-27
3-25
3-71
1-10
1-27
1-29
2-11
2-29
5-70
5-72
5-69
Light
Air Bag Off ................................................. 3-45
Air Bag Readiness ....................................... 3-44
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning ................... 3-48
Brake System Warning ................................. 3-47
Fog Lamp .................................................. 3-55
Lights On Reminder ..................................... 3-55
Malfunction Indicator .................................... 3-50
Safety Belt Reminder ................................... 3-43
Security ..................................................... 3-54
TCS Warning Light ...................................... 3-48
Tire Pressure .............................................. 3-50
Traction Control System (TCS) Warning .......... 3-48
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirrors .............................. 2-16
Limited-Slip Rear Axle ..................................... 4-10
Loading Your Vehicle ....................................... 4-32
Lockout Protection .......................................... 2-11
Locks
Door ........................................................... 2-8
Leaving Your Vehicle .................................... 2-11
Lockout Protection ....................................... 2-11
Power Door ................................................ 2-10
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............. 2-10
Loss of Control ............................................... 4-16
Lowering the Retractable Hardtop ...................... 2-44
Lumbar
Power Controls ............................................. 1-3
7
M
Magnetic Ride Control ..................................... 4-10
Magnetic Speed Variable Assist Steering ............ 4-12
Maintenance Schedule
Additional Required Services ........................... 6-6
At Each Fuel Fill ........................................... 6-8
At Least Once a Month .................................. 6-8
At Least Once a Year .................................... 6-9
Introduction .................................................. 6-2
Maintenance Footnotes .................................. 6-7
Maintenance Record .................................... 6-14
Maintenance Requirements ............................. 6-2
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ......... 6-13
Owner Checks and Services ........................... 6-8
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ............. 6-11
Scheduled Maintenance ................................. 6-4
Using Your ................................................... 6-2
Your Vehicle and the Environment ................... 6-2
Malfunction Indicator Light ................................ 3-50
Map Pocket ................................................... 2-42
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle ............... 2-5
Memory Mirrors .............................................. 2-53
Memory Seat ................................................. 2-53
Memory Steering Wheel Controls ...................... 2-53
8
Message
DIC Warnings and Messages ........................ 3-59
Mexico, Central America and Caribbean Islands/
Countries (Except Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin
Islands) – Customer Assistance ....................... 7-4
Mirror Operation ............................................. 2-33
Mirrors
Automatic Dimming Rearview with OnStar® ..... 2-33
Memory ..................................................... 2-53
Outside Automatic Dimming Mirror ................. 2-34
Outside Convex Mirror ................................. 2-34
Outside Curb View Assist Mirror .................... 2-34
Outside Power Heated Mirrors ....................... 2-33
MyGMLink.com ................................................ 7-3
N
Navigation/Radio System .................................. 3-73
New Vehicle Break-In ...................................... 2-19
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ............ 6-13
O
P
Odometer ...................................................... 3-43
Odometer, Trip ............................................... 3-43
Off-Road Recovery .......................................... 4-15
Oil
Engine ....................................................... 5-13
Engine Oil Pressure Gage ............................ 3-54
Life Indicator ............................................... 3-72
Older Children, Restraints ................................ 1-18
Online Owner Center ........................................ 7-3
OnStar® Personal Calling ................................. 2-36
OnStar® Services ............................................ 2-35
OnStar® Steering Wheel Controls ...................... 2-36
OnStar® System ............................................. 2-35
OnStar® Virtual Advisor .................................... 2-36
Other Warning Devices ...................................... 3-6
Outlet Adjustment ............................................ 3-40
Outside
Automatic Dimming Mirror ............................. 2-34
Convex Mirror ............................................. 2-34
Curb View Assist Mirror ................................ 2-34
Power Heated Mirrors .................................. 2-33
Overheated Engine Protection Operating Mode ... 5-23
Overseas – Customer Assistance ........................ 7-4
Owner Checks and Services .............................. 6-8
Owners, Canadian ............................................... ii
Owner’s Information ........................................ 7-12
Park Aid ........................................................ 3-32
Park Assist .................................................... 3-71
Park (P)
Shifting Into ................................................ 2-28
Shifting Out of ............................................ 2-30
Parking
Assist ........................................................ 3-32
Brake ........................................................ 2-26
Over Things That Burn ................................. 2-31
Passenger Compartment Air Filter ..................... 3-40
Passenger Position, Safety Belts ....................... 1-17
Passing ......................................................... 4-15
Passive Locking .............................................. 3-70
Plan Ahead When Possible ................................ 7-7
Power
Accessory Outlets ........................................ 3-34
Door Locks ................................................. 2-10
Eight-Way Seats ........................................... 1-2
Electrical System ......................................... 5-84
Lumbar Controls ........................................... 1-3
Steering Fluid ............................................. 5-32
Tilt Wheel and Telescopic Steering Column ....... 3-7
Windows .................................................... 2-15
Power Steering ............................................... 4-12
Pretensioners, Safety Belt ................................ 1-17
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ................. 2-10
Programming the HomeLink® Transmitter ........... 2-37
9
Q
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts .......... 1-8
R
Radios .......................................................... 3-72
Care of Your CD Player ............................... 3-75
Care of Your CDs ........................................ 3-75
Navigation/Radio System .............................. 3-73
Radio Personalization with Home and
Away Feature .......................................... 3-73
Theft-Deterrent ............................................ 3-74
Understanding Reception .............................. 3-75
Rainsense™ Wipers ........................................ 3-10
Raising the Retractable Hardtop ........................ 2-45
Reaching Roadside Service ............................... 7-6
Reading Lamps .............................................. 3-28
Rear Axle ...................................................... 5-45
Limited-Slip ................................................. 4-10
Rear Storage Area .......................................... 2-43
Rear Window Defogger .................................... 3-39
Rearview Mirror, Automatic Dimming
with OnStar® .............................................. 2-33
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ................. 6-11
Recreational Vehicle Towing ............................. 4-32
Replacing Brake System Parts .......................... 5-37
10
Replacing Restraint System Parts After
a Crash ..................................................... 1-49
Reporting Safety Defects
Canadian Government .................................. 7-10
General Motors ........................................... 7-11
United States Government ............................ 7-10
Reprogramming a Single HomeLink® Button ....... 2-40
Resetting Defaults ........................................... 2-40
Restraint System Check
Checking Your Restraint Systems ................... 1-48
Replacing Restraint System Parts After
a Crash .................................................. 1-49
Restraint Systems
Checking .................................................... 1-48
Replacing Parts ........................................... 1-49
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ...................... 2-20
Retractable Hardtop ........................................ 2-44
Lowering .................................................... 2-44
Raising ...................................................... 2-45
Roadside
Service ........................................................ 7-5
Roadside Service Availability .............................. 7-6
Roadside Service for the Hearing or Speech
Impaired ...................................................... 7-6
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out ................... 4-32
Routing, Engine Drive Belt ............................... 6-13
Run-Flat Tires ................................................ 5-56
Running Your Engine While You Are Parked ....... 2-32
S
Safety Belt
Pretensioners .............................................. 1-17
Reminder Light ............................................ 3-43
Safety Belts
Care of ...................................................... 5-78
Driver Position ............................................ 1-10
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly .................. 1-9
Passenger Position ...................................... 1-17
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ....... 1-8
Safety Belt Extender .................................... 1-17
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ................. 1-16
Safety Belts Are for Everyone ......................... 1-4
Safety Warnings and Symbols .............................. iii
Scheduled Maintenance ..................................... 6-4
Seats
Eight-Way Power Seats .................................. 1-2
Heated and Cooled Seats .............................. 1-3
Memory ..................................................... 2-53
Power Lumbar .............................................. 1-3
Securing a Child Restraint
Designed for the LATCH System ................... 1-29
Passenger Seat Position ............................... 1-31
Security Light ................................................. 3-54
Sensors ......................................................... 3-38
Service ........................................................... 5-3
Adding Equipment to the Outside of Your
Vehicle ..................................................... 5-4
Doing Your Own Work ................................... 5-3
Service (cont.)
Engine Soon Light .......................................
Publications Ordering Information ...................
Service Bulletins .............................................
Service Manuals .............................................
Shifting Into Park (P) .......................................
Shifting Out of Park (P) ...................................
Skidding ........................................................
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips .......................
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems .....................
Specifications, Capacities .................................
Speedometer ..................................................
Stabilitrak® System .........................................
Starting Your Engine .......................................
Steering ........................................................
Steering in Emergencies ..................................
Steering Tips ..................................................
Steering Wheel Controls, Audio .........................
Steering Wheel Controls, Memory .....................
Storage Areas
Center Console Storage Area ........................
Convenience Net .........................................
Cupholder(s) ...............................................
Glove Box ..................................................
Map Pocket ................................................
Rear Storage Area .......................................
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ......................
Sun Visors .....................................................
3-50
7-11
7-12
7-11
2-28
2-30
4-17
4-22
5-76
5-91
3-43
4-11
2-20
4-12
4-14
4-13
3-74
2-53
2-41
2-43
2-41
2-41
2-42
2-43
4-31
2-16
11
T
Tachometer .................................................... 3-43
TCS Warning Light .......................................... 3-48
Telescopic Steering Column, Power Tilt Wheel ...... 3-7
Testing the Alarm ............................................ 2-18
Theft-Deterrent, Radio ..................................... 3-74
Theft-Deterrent System .................................... 2-17
Theft-Deterrent Systems ................................... 2-17
Tire
Pressure Light ............................................. 3-50
Tire Sidewall Labeling ...................................... 5-50
Tire Size Codes .............................................. 5-52
Tire Terminology and Definitions ........................ 5-53
Tires ............................................................. 5-50
Buying New Tires ........................................ 5-63
Chains ....................................................... 5-68
If a Tire Goes Flat ....................................... 5-73
Inflation - Tire Pressure ................................ 5-57
Inspection and Rotation ................................ 5-60
Lifting Your Vehicle ...................................... 5-69
Pressure Monitor System .............................. 5-58
Run-Flat ..................................................... 5-56
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ......................... 5-64
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ................. 5-65
Wheel Replacement ..................................... 5-66
When It Is Time for New Tires ...................... 5-62
12
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater .................... 2-22
Top Strap ...................................................... 1-27
Torque Lock ................................................... 2-29
Towing
Recreational Vehicle ..................................... 4-32
Towing a Trailer .......................................... 4-37
Your Vehicle ............................................... 4-32
Traction
Control System (TCS) .................................... 4-9
Control System Warning Light ....................... 3-48
Limited-Slip Rear Axle .................................. 4-10
Magnetic Ride Control .................................. 4-10
Stabilitrak® System ...................................... 4-11
Transmission
Fluid, Automatic ........................................... 5-19
Transmission Operation, Automatic .................... 2-23
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer Case Unit
Repair Manual ............................................ 7-11
Transportation Options ...................................... 7-7
Trip Computer
Oil Life Indicator .......................................... 3-72
Trip Odometer ................................................ 3-43
Trunk ............................................................ 2-11
Trunk Lock Release ........................................ 2-12
Turn and Lane-Change Signals .......................... 3-8
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever ........................... 3-7
Twilight Sentinel® ............................................ 3-26
U
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA) ............... 3-32
Underhood Fuse Block .................................... 5-88
Understanding Radio Reception ........................ 3-75
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ............................ 5-64
United States – Customer Assistance .................. 7-4
Using Cleaner on Fabric .................................. 5-76
Using HomeLink® ........................................... 2-40
V
Valet Lockout Switch ....................................... 2-18
Vehicle
Control ........................................................ 4-5
Damage Warnings ........................................... iv
Loading ...................................................... 4-32
Symbols ......................................................... iv
Vehicle Data Collection and Event Data
Records ....................................................... 7-8
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) ............................................. 5-83
Service Parts Identification Label ................... 5-83
Vehicle Personalization
DIC ...........................................................
Memory Seat, Mirrors and Steering Wheel ......
Vehicle Storage ..............................................
Ventilation Adjustment ......................................
Visors ...........................................................
Voltmeter Gage ..............................................
3-68
2-53
5-38
3-40
2-16
3-46
W
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators ................ 3-41
Warnings
DIC Warnings and Messages ........................ 3-59
Hazard Warning Flashers ............................... 3-6
Other Warning Devices .................................. 3-6
Safety and Symbols ......................................... iii
Vehicle Damage .............................................. iv
Washing Your Vehicle ...................................... 5-78
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use ........................ 5-14
What to Do with Used Oil ................................ 5-17
What to Use .................................. 5-21, 5-33, 5-45
Wheels
Alignment and Tire Balance .......................... 5-65
Replacement ............................................... 5-66
13
When to Add Engine Oil .................................. 5-14
When to Change Engine Oil
(GM Oil Life System) ................................... 5-16
When to Check .............................................. 5-58
When to Check Lubricant ................................. 5-45
When to Check Power Steering Fluid ................ 5-33
Why Safety Belts Work ..................................... 1-5
Window Indexing ............................................ 2-16
Windows ....................................................... 2-14
Power ........................................................ 2-15
Windshield Washer ......................................... 3-11
Fluid .......................................................... 5-33
Windshield Wiper
Blade Replacement ...................................... 5-49
Fuses ........................................................ 5-84
Windshield Wipers ............................................ 3-9
Winter Driving ................................................ 4-28
Wiper-Activated Headlamps .............................. 3-24
14
X
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ................ 3-76
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States) ........................... 3-75
Y
Your Vehicle and the Environment ....................... 6-2