HP Vectra VL800 Specifications

www.hp.com/go/vectrasupport
hp vectra vl800
desktop &
minitower
technical
reference manual
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Contents
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
Bibliography. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8
1 VL800 Desktop
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
Desktop Package. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
Front and Side Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
13
Internal Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
Desktop Front Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15
Desktop Specifications and Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16
Physical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Consumption and Cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Environmental Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16
16
17
18
Power Saving and Ergonometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
Power Saving Modes and Ergonometry for APM Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Saving Modes and Resume Events for ACPI Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keyboard Power-On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Soft Power Down. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20
21
21
21
Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22
Where to Find the Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
23
2 VL800 Minitower
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
Minitower Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
31
Front and Side Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
31
31
Internal Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
32
Minitower Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
33
Minitower Specifications and Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
34
3
Contents
Physical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Consumption and Cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Environmental Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
34
34
35
36
Power Saving and Ergonometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Power Saving Modes and Ergonometry for APM Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Saving Modes and Resume Events for ACPI Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keyboard Power-On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Soft Power Down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
38
39
39
39
Documentation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Where to Find the Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
41
3 System Board
System Board Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Architectural View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Accessory Board Slots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
AGP Slot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PCI Slots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
49
System Board Switches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Chipset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Memory Controller Hub (82850) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) Bus Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AGP 4x Bus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Main Memory Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
54
54
55
The Input/Output Controller Hub 2 (82801BA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Devices on the SMBus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Devices on the Low Pin Count Bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Super I/O Controller (NS 87364) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
62
67
68
FirmWare Hub (82802AB). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
System Bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Intel Pentium 4 Processor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cache Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
72
73
Assigned Device Interrupts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
4
Contents
PCI 32 and AGP Interrupts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interrupt Controllers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
74
74
4 Interface Cards
Graphics Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
77
Matrox Millennium G450 Graphics Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
nVIDIA GeForce2 GTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
78
82
Network Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
84
3COM NIC (Network Interconnect) LAN Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INTEL NIC (Network Interconnect) LAN Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
84
86
SCSI Adapter Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
87
Ultra 160 SCSI PCI Adapter Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Symbios Configuration Utility (Ultra 160 Card) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
87
91
Audio Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
94
Sound Blaster Live! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
94
5 Mass Storage Devices
Flexible Disk Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
97
Hard Disk Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
98
Optical Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
100
IDE 48X CD-ROM Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12X Video IDE DVD-ROM Drive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8X IDE CD-Writer Plus Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
100
101
102
6 HP BIOS
Introducing the Vectra VL800 BIOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Using the HP Setup Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
105
Updating the System BIOS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
113
Restoring BIOS Default Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
114
If You Forgot the Administrator Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
115
Clearing the CMOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
116
Recovering the BIOS (Crisis Mode) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
117
5
Contents
BIOS Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
HP I/O Port Map (I/O Addresses Used by the System) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DMA Channel Controllers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
118
119
7 Tests and Error Messages
Test Sequence and Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Basic Pre-boot Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pre-boot Diagnostics Error Codes (Beep Codes). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Post Test Sequence and Post Error. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
124
124
125
Order in Which POST Tests Are Performed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Error Message Summary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
8 Connectors and Sockets
Internal Connector Pin Layouts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
External Rear Panel Connector Pin Layouts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
6
Preface
This manual is a technical reference and BIOS document for engineers and
technicians providing system level support. It is assumed that the reader
possesses a detailed understanding of AT-compatible microprocessor
functions and digital addressing techniques.
Technical information that is readily available from other sources, such as
manufacturers’ proprietary publications, has not been reproduced.
This manual contains summary information only. For additional reference
material, refer to the bibliography on the following page.
For all warning and safety instructions, refer to the user guide delivered
with the PC Workstation.
Conventions
The following conventions are used throughout this manual to identify
specific numeric elements:
Hexadecimal numbers are identified by a lower case h.
For example, 0FFFFFFFh or 32F5h
Binary numbers and bit patterns are identified by a lower case b.
For example, 1101b or 10011011b
7
Bibliography
Documentation can be downloaded from the HP web site:
www.hp.com/go/vectrasupport.
❒ HP Vectra VL800 Desktop User’s Guide
Available in English, French, Italian, German and Spanish.
❒ HP Vectra VL800 Minitower User’s Guide
Available in English, French, Italian, German and Spanish.
❒ HP Vectra VL800 Desktop & Minitower Troubleshooting Guide
Available in English, French, Italian, German and Spanish.
❒ HP Vectra VL800 Desktop PC Service Handbook Chapter
Available in English only.
❒ HP Vectra VL800 Minitower PC Service Handbook Chapter
Available in English only.
Extra Information Can Be ❒ Matrox graphics cards
http://www.matrox.com
Obtained At:
❒ Sound Blaster audio cards
http://www.soundblaster.com
❒ NVIDIA graphics cards
http://www.nvidia.com
❒ Intel Chipsets. Intel I850 chipset
http://developer.intel.com
❒ Intel Pentium 4 Processor
http://developer.intel.com
8
1
VL800 Desktop
This chapter introduces the external features of the HP Vectra VL800
Desktop PC, and lists the specifications and characteristic data of the
system. It also provides a summary of the documentation available.
Overview
The HP Vectra VL800 is based on the ATX form factor. The following table
provides an overview of the system.
Feature
Description
System Board
ATX package, 12in. x 9.6in. or 30.4cm x 24.4cm
Processor
Intel Pentium 4 PGA processor.
Socket 423
Processors from 1.3 GHz and upwards
400 MHz (quad pumped 100 MHz), 3.2 GB/s FSB (Front Side Bus)
Level-One: 16 KB code, 16 KB data
Level-Two: i256 KB
Cache Memory (integrated
•
in processor package)
•
Internal Processor Clock
Speed
1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.7 and 2.0 GHz with a quad-pumped 100 MHz FSB
Chipset
Intel Chipset (I850) including Memory Controller Hub (MCH) Host Bridge,
Input/Output Controller Hub (ICH2) for input/output sub-system
Super I/O Chip
NS 87364
BIOS
Based on Phoenix core including:
(Basic Input/Output System)
•
•
•
4 M/bits of flash memory
Support for PCI 2.2 Specification
Support for RIMM memory modules
9
1 VL800 Desktop
Overview
Feature
Description
Firmware - BIOS
Flash EEPROM: Intel’s Firmware hub concept
Operating System
Most models are preloaded with Windows 2000. Some models are preloaded
with Windows NT® 4.0.
2 pairs of RIMM sockets supporting 2 or 4 PC800 RDRAM memory modules.
Main Memory
Each pair of memory sockets must contain identical memory modules
(identical in size, speed and type). That is, sockets A1 and B1 must contain
identical modules, and sockets A2 and B2 must contain identical modules (or
continuity modules).
If only two RDRAM modules are installed, use the sockets marked A1 and
B1. The other two sockets (AA2 and B2) must contain continuity modules
Models are supplied with non-ECC RDRAM modules.
Both ECC and non-ECC modules are available.
Up-to-date memory upgrades are listed on the HP PC Accessories website at:
www.hp.com/go/pcaccessories
Mass Storage
Five mass storage shelves supporting:
•
•
•
One front-access, third-height, floppy disk drive
Two front-access, half-height, 5.25-inch drives
Two internal 3.5-inch hard disk drives (one full-height, one half-height).
Optional SCSI Controller
LSI Logic Ultra 160 SCSI PCI card
IDE Controller
All models include an integrated Ultra ATA-100 controller that supports up to
four IDE devices
Graphics Controllers
•
•
Accessory Card Slots
nVidia GeForce2 GTS AGP graphics controller with 32 MB graphics memory
Matrox Millennium G450-Dual monitor AGP graphics controller with 16 MB
SGRAM graphics memory.
One AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port) 4x 32-bit slot supporting standard 1.5V
AGP cards (≤25 W) only.
Hardware protection prevents any 3.3V AGP cards from being used.
Five 32-bit 33 MHz PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) slots supporting
all bridges and multi-function PCI devices. All five PCI slots comply with the
PCI Specification 2.2.
PCI slot 5 contains a LAN interface board.
10
1 VL800 Desktop
Overview
Feature
LAN Card
Description
All models are supplied with an HP 10/100BT PCI Ethernet Adapter LAN card
installed in PCI slot 5, supporting Wake-On LAN (WOL) and PCI 2.2
Specification.
Models have one of these optical drives:
Optical Drive
❒ IDE 48X CD-ROM
❒ IDE 8X 4X 32X CD-RW drive
❒ IDE 12X DVD drive.
Standard Audio
CrystalClear™ CS4299 Audio Codec 97 version 2.1 integrated on the system
board.
Optional Audio
Creative Labs Sound Blaster Live! audio card
Loudspeaker
Standard in Desktop models
•
System Board
Connectors:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
One flexible disk drive connector
Two ATA-100 IDE connectors (for up to four IDE devices)
One CD-IN audio connector (for use with integrated audio)
Internal speaker connector (1 for Minitower + 1 for Desktop)
WOL connector
Battery socket
Status panel connectors (1 for Minitower + 1 for Desktop)
Main power supply connector
ATX 12V power connector
Main chassis fan connector
Processor fan connector
Chassis intrusion connectors (1 for Minitower + 1 for Desktop).
11
1 VL800 Desktop
Overview
Feature
Rear Connectors
(color coded)
Description
•
•
•
•
•
12
Keyboard/Mouse
❒ HP enhanced keyboard with mini-DIN connector
❒ HP enhanced scrolling mouse with mini-DIN connector
25-pin parallel
❒ Mode: Centronics or bidirectional modes (ECP/EPP)
❒ Parallel port: 1 (378h, IRQ 7), 2 (278h, IRQ 5), or Off.
9-pin serial (two, buffered)
❒ Standard: Two UART 16550 buffered serial ports
(both RS-232-C).
❒ Serial Ports A and B: 2F8h (IRQ 3), 2E8h (IRQ 3),
3F8h (IRQ 4), 3E8h (IRQ 4), or Off—
(if one port uses 2xxh, the other port must use 3xxh).
Dual USB connectors
Audio (Integrated)
❒ LINE IN jack (3.5 mm)
❒ LINE OUT jack (3.5 mm)
❒ MIC IN jack (3.5 mm)
1 VL800 Desktop
Desktop Package
Desktop Package
The following two diagrams show the front and rear views.
Front and Side Views
Rear Fan (actual fan may
differ from one shown)
Power Supply Unit
Front Access Cage
Secondary
Hard Disk
Drive tray
Front Access Bays, for
5.25-inch drives
Primary Hard Disk
Drive Bay
3.5-inch 1.44 MB floppy
disk drive
HP Master Key Lock
Rear View
Parallel port
Dual USB
connectors
Mouse connector
Keyboard connector
Serial port A
Serial port B
Line Out (headphone or
speaker) connector
Line In
connector
Microphone
connector
Use these audio connectors if the PC does not have a
Sound Blaster card.
13
1 VL800 Desktop
Internal Features
Internal Features
The core architecture of the HP Vectra VL800 PC is constructed around the
Memory Controller Hub (MCH), the Input/Output Controller Hub (ICH) and
the Host bus.
The HP Vectra VL800 PC supports a Pentium 4 processor. This processor is
described on page 72.
The components of the system board are described in chapter 3; the
graphics, network and SCSI devices are described in chapter 4; mass storage
devices are described in chapter 5; the HP BIOS routines are summarized in
chapter 6; and the Power-On Self-Test routines are described in chapter 7.
14
1 VL800 Desktop
Desktop Front Panel
Desktop Front Panel
The front panel has the following features:
Power On/Off
Button
Reset Button
Hard Disk
Activity Light
• On/Off LED. There are five states:
Blank. Indicates that the computer is turned off.
Green. Indicates that the computer is turned on and running correctly.
Flashing green. Displayed during system reset, system lock, Standby
mode (Windows 98 and Windows 2000) or Suspend mode
(Windows 95).
Red (fixed or flashing). Indicates a pre-boot error or a Power-On SelfTest (POST) error, preventing the system from booting.
• Hard disk drive activity LED. Activated during POST and when the
hard disk drive is being accessed.
15
1 VL800 Desktop
Desktop Specifications and Characteristics
Desktop Specifications and Characteristics
Physical Characteristics
System Processing Unit
Weight
(Standard configuration as shipped,
excl. keyboard and display)
10 kilograms (22 pounds)
Dimensions:
45.7 cm max. (D) by 42 cm (W) by 16.2 cm (H)
(18 inches by 16.5 inches by 6.37 inches)
Footprint:
0.19 m2 (2.06 sq ft)
Electrical Specifications
Parameter
Input voltage
Input current (max)
Notes
Maximum per
PCI Slots
32-bit 33 MHz
Maximum for
AGP Slot
100 - 127 V
VAC
200 -240 V
Vac
Switch
select
—
—
7A
4A
—
—
—
Output power
250 W
—
—
—
Input frequency
50 to 60 Hz
—
—
—
Available power
250 W
—
60 W combined
25 W (max)
Max current at +12 V
6A
—
0.5 A
1A
Max current at -12 V
0.3 A
—
0.1 A
—
Max current at +3.3 V
14 A
—
7.6 A
6A
—
—
—
2A
Max current at +5 V
22 A
—
5A
2A
Max current at -5 V
0.3 A
—
—
—
2A
—
—
—
Vddq1
Max current at +5Vstdby
1.
Total Rating
Only for I/O buffers.
16
1 VL800 Desktop
Desktop Specifications and Characteristics
If the overload protection in the power supply unit is triggered, all power is
immediately cut. To reset the power supply unit, remove the power cord and
then determine what caused the overload and remedy it. Reconnect the
power cord, then reboot the PC. If an overload happens twice, then there is
an undetected short circuit somewhere.
NOTE
When the PC is turned off with the power button on the front panel, the
power consumption falls below the low power consumption (refer to the
below table), but is not zero. The special on/off method used by this PC
extends the lifetime of the power supply. To reach zero power consumption
in “off” mode, either unplug the PC from the power outlet or use a power
block with a switch.
Power Consumption and Cooling
The power consumption and acoustic noise data in the below table are valid
for a standard configuration as shipped (256 MB of memory,
250 W power supply, one hard disk drive, graphics card, LAN card)
All information in this section is based on primary power consumptions.
Power consumption (approximate values)
•
•
•
•
1.
Maximum operating
Typical operating
Suspend (only on Windows 2000 models)
Off
230 V / 50 Hz and 115 V / 60 Hz
115W
70 W
<4 W
<4 W
- 392.4 Btu/h1
- 238.8 Btu/h
- 13.6 Btu/h
- 13.6 Btu/h
1 W = 3.4121 Btu/h
17
1 VL800 Desktop
Desktop Specifications and Characteristics
Environmental Specifications
Environmental Specifications (System Processing Unit, with Hard Disk)
Operating Temperature
+10 °C to +35 °C (+40 °F to +95 °F)
Storage Temperature
-40 °C to +70°C (-40 °F to +158 °F)
Over Temperature Shutdown
+50°C (+122°F)
Operating Humidity
15% to 80% (relative)1
Storage Humidity
8% to 85% (relative)1
Acoustic noise emission (as defined ISO 7779):
•
•
•
1.
Operating
Operating with hard disk access
Operating with floppy disk access
Sound Power
Sound Pressure
LwA ≤ 38 dB (4.1 B)
LwA ≤ 46 dB (4.9 B)
LwA ≤ 45 dB (4.8 B)
LpA ≤ 30 dB
LpA ≤ 38 dB
LpA ≤ 37 dB
Operating Altitude
10000 ft (3100m) max.
Storage Altitude
15000ft (4600m) max.
non condensing conditions.
Operating temperature and humidity ranges may vary depending upon the mass
storage devices installed. High humidity levels can cause improper operation of
disk drives. Low humidity levels can aggravate static electricity problems and
cause excessive wear of the disk surface.
18
1 VL800 Desktop
Power Saving and Ergonometry
Power Saving and Ergonometry
Depending on the operating system, the following power management types
are available:
• No sleeping state: Windows NT 4 (Full On and Off)
• ACPI: Windows 2000 (Full On, Standby, Hibernate, Off).
Windows 2000
Supported
Full On
A
P
M
Windows NT 4
Not Supported by
Windows 2000
Suspend
Not Supported by
Windows NT 4
Supported
Off
Standby (S1 or S3)
A
C
P
I
Supported
(implemented as S3,
Suspend to RAM)
Hibernate (S4)
Supported
Off (S5)
Supported
Not Supported by
Windows NT 4
(APM only Operating
System)
19
1 VL800 Desktop
Power Saving and Ergonometry
Power Saving Modes and Ergonometry for APM Systems
Suspend1
Full On
Normal speed
Halted
Off
On
Blanked, <5 W (typical)
Off
Normal speed
Halted
Off
Supports up to 250 W
<40 W (230V, 50 Hz)
<21 W (115V, 60 Hz)
(plugged in but turned off)
<5 W (average)
Resume events
Keyboard, network (RWU),
modem, USB
Space bar or power
button, RPO
Resume delay
A few seconds
Boot delay
Processor
Display
Hard disk drive
Power
consumption
1.
Off
Not supported by Windows NT 4.
20
1 VL800 Desktop
Power Saving and Ergonometry
Power Saving Modes and Resume Events for ACPI Systems
Full On (S0)
Suspend (S1)
Suspend to RAM
(S3)
Suspend to Disk
(S4)
Off (S5)
Processor
Normal speed
Halted
Off
Off
Off
Display
On
Blanked
Off
Off
Off
Hard Disk
Drive
Normal speed
Halted
Off
Off
Off
On (variable speed)
Off (but can start if
system gets too hot)
Off
Off
Off
Active Power
Planes
VCC
VCCAux
VCC
VCCAux
Memory
VCCAux
VCCAux
VCCAux
Power
Consumption
Supports up to
250 W
<40 W
<10 W
<10 W
<10 W
Power button,
LAN,
Modem,
USB,
Scheduler,
HP Start Key
Power button,
LAN,
Modem,
Scheduler,
HP Start Key
Power button,
LAN,
Modem,
Scheduler,
HP Start Key
Power button,
HP Start Key
Instantaneous
Few seconds
BIOS boot delay +
OS restore delay
Regular boot delay
Heatsink Fan
Resume Events
Resume Delay
Keyboard Power-On
You can power-on from the keyboard space bar provided that:
• The computer is connected to a keyboard that has a power-on space bar
(recognizable by the Power-On icon on the space bar)
• The function is enabled by setting system board switch 6 to ON.
Soft Power Down
When the user requests the operating system to shut down, the environment
is cleared, and the computer is powered off. Soft Power Down is available
with Windows NT (when the Soft Power Down utility is used).
21
1 VL800 Desktop
Documentation
Documentation
The table below summarizes the available documentation. Only selected
publications are available in paper-based form. Most are available as PDF
from the HP web site.
Manual Title
Available
•
HP Desktop PCs Quick User’s Guide
•
HP Vectra VL800 Desktop User’s Guide
Only as PDF file from HP support web site.
HP Vectra VL800 Desktop & Minitower
Troubleshooting Guide
Only as PDF file from HP support web site.
HP Vectra VL800 Desktop& Minitower
Technical Reference Manual
(this manual)
Only as PDF file from HP support web site.
•
HP Vectra VL800 Desktop
Service Handbook Chapter
1.
HP Support Web Site
Printed manual, part number 5970-5080-xx1.
PDF file from HP support web site.
•
PDF file from HP support web site.
Will also be included in the 16th edition of the paperbased HP Vectra Service Handbook, when it becomes
available.
xx = language code.
Documentation, BIOS upgrades and drivers are available from HP’s support
web site.
To access the HP support web site for:
22
Documentation
1
2
3
Connect to www.hp.com/go/vectrasupport
In the left hand menu, click manua
nuals
Select model hp vectra vl800.
00
BIOS Upgrades & Drivers
1
2
Connect to www.hp.com/go/vectrasupport
Select model hp vectra vl800.
00
Technical Notes
(when available)
1
2
3
Connect to www.hp.com/go/vectrasupport
In the left hand menu, click technical not
notes
Select model hp vectra vl800.
00
1 VL800 Desktop
Documentation
Where to Find the Information
The table below summarizes information provided for the HP Vectra VL800.
Quick
User’s
Guide
User’s Guide
Troubleshooting Guide
Service
Handbook
Technical
Reference
Manual
(this manual)
HP Web Site
All manuals available at www.hp.com/go/vectrasupport
Introducing the PC
Standard
configuration
Product features
Exploded
view.
Parts list.
Product
range.
CPL dates.
Product model
numbers
Environmental
Technical
information
www.hp.com/go/
desktops
www.hp.com/go/
desktops
Setting up
the PC.
Working in
comfort.
Safety information
Finding online
information
Key features,
this chapter
HP Web sites
Basic details
Legal information
Certificate of
Conformity.
Software
License
agreement.
Connecting
devices and
turning on PC
Rear panel
connectors,
starting and
stopping
Electrical,
multimedia,
safety,
unpacking,
removing &
replacing
cover.
Preloaded,
HP Web sites
Safety
HP Web sites
Basic details
HP web sites
and others, page
8 and page 22
Advanced, this
entire manual
Using the PC
23
1 VL800 Desktop
Documentation
Quick
User’s
Guide
User’s Guide
Troubleshooting Guide
Service
Handbook
Technical
Reference
Manual
(this manual)
HP Web Site
All manuals available at www.hp.com/go/vectrasupport
Basic details
Updating and
recovering
Basic details.
Viewing Setup
screen, using,
passwords
Power
management,
Software and
drivers
Basic details
Technical
details, chapter
6.
Memory maps,
page 118.
Complete list,
page 105.
BIOS
Setup program
fields and options
Manageability
www.hp.com/go/
vectrasupport
www.hp.com/go/
toptools
Upgrading the PC
Full description
Opening the PC
Full part
number
details
Supported
accessories
Installing
accessories
Configuring
devices
System board
Processor(s),
memory,
accessory
boards, mass
storage
devices.
Installing
devices
Error messages,
problem solving
Installing and
removing,
connectors and
switch settings
Switch settings
www.hp.com/go/
pcaccessories
Installing devices
Jumpers,
switches and
connectors
Jumpers,
switches and
connectors;
chipset details,
chapter 3
Service notes
HP BIOS,
chapter 6.
Repairing the PC
Basic
Basic,
hardware
diagnoses
Troubleshooting
24
Hardware
diagnoses and
suggested
solutions
Tests and error
messages,
chapter 7.
www.hp.com/go/
instantsupport
1 VL800 Desktop
Documentation
Quick
User’s
Guide
User’s Guide
Troubleshooting Guide
Service
Handbook
Technical
Reference
Manual
(this manual)
HP Web Site
All manuals available at www.hp.com/go/vectrasupport
Basic details
Error Messages,
EMU and
suggestions for
corrective action
HP eDiagTools,
CD-ROM
recovery
HP e-DiagTools,
CD-ROM
recovery
Power-On SelfTest routines
(POST)
Hardware
diagnostic utility
e-DiagTools,
CD-ROM
recovery
Error codes and
suggestions for
corrective
action, chapter
7.
Order of tests,
chapter 7
www.hp.com/
desktops/
diagtools
25
1 VL800 Desktop
Documentation
26
2
VL800 Minitower
This chapter introduces the external features of the HP Vectra VL800
Minitower PC, and lists the specifications and characteristic data of the
system. It also provides a summary of the documentation available.
Overview
The HP Vectra VL800 is based on the ATX form factor. The following table
provides an overview of the system.
Feature
Description
System Board
ATX package, 12in. x 9.6in. or 30.4cm x 24.4cm
Processor
Intel Pentium 4 PGA processor.
Socket 423
Processors from 1.3 GHz and upwards
400 MHz (quad pumped 100 MHz), 3.2 GB/s FSB (Front Side Bus)
Level-One: 16 KB code, 16 KB data
Level-Two: i256 KB
Cache Memory (integrated
•
in processor package)
•
Internal Processor Clock
Speed
1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.7 and 2.0 GHz with a quad-pumped 100 MHz FSB
Chipset
Intel Chipset (I850) including Memory Controller Hub (MCH) Host Bridge,
Input/Output Controller Hub (ICH2) for input/output sub-system
Super I/O Chip
NS 87364
BIOS
Based on Phoenix core including:
(Basic Input/Output System)
•
•
•
4 M/bits of flash memory
Support for PCI 2.2 Specification
Support for RIMM memory modules
27
2 VL800 Minitower
Overview
Feature
Description
Firmware - BIOS
Flash EEPROM: Intel’s Firmware hub concept
Operating System
Most models are preloaded with Windows 2000. Some models are preloaded
with Windows NT® 4.0.
2 pairs of RIMM sockets supporting 2 or 4 PC800 RDRAM memory modules.
Main Memory
Each pair of memory sockets must contain identical memory modules
(identical in size, speed and type). That is, sockets A1 and B1 must contain
identical modules, and sockets A2 and B2 must contain identical modules (or
continuity modules).
If only two RDRAM modules are installed, use the sockets marked A1 and
B1. The other two sockets (AA2 and B2) must contain continuity modules
Models are supplied with non-ECC RDRAM modules.
Both ECC and non-ECC modules are available.
Up-to-date memory upgrades are listed on the HP PC Accessories website at:
www.hp.com/go/pcaccessories
Mass Storage
Five mass storage shelves supporting:
•
•
•
One front-access, third-height, floppy disk drive
Three front-access, half-height, 5.25-inch drives
Two internal 3.5-inch hard disk drives (one full-height, one half-height).
Optional SCSI Controller
LSI Logic Ultra 160 SCSI PCI card
IDE Controller
All models include an integrated Ultra ATA-100 controller that supports up to
four IDE devices
Graphics Controllers
•
•
Accessory Card Slots
nVidia GeForce2 GTS AGP graphics controller with 32 MB graphics memory
Matrox Millennium G450-Dual monitor AGP graphics controller with 16 MB
SGRAM graphics memory.
One AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port) 4x 32-bit slot supporting standard 1.5V
AGP cards (≤25 W) only.
Hardware protection prevents any 3.3V AGP cards from being used.
Five 32-bit 33 MHz PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) slots supporting
all bridges and multi-function PCI devices. All five PCI slots comply with the
PCI Specification 2.2.
PCI slot 5 contains a LAN interface board.
28
2 VL800 Minitower
Overview
Feature
LAN Card
Description
All models are supplied with an HP 10/100BT PCI Ethernet Adapter LAN card
installed in PCI slot 5, supporting Wake-On LAN (WOL) and PCI 2.2
Specification.
Models have one of these optical drives:
Optical Drive
❒ IDE 48X CD-ROM
❒ IDE 8X 4X 32X CD-RW drive
❒ IDE 12X DVD drive.
Standard Audio
CrystalClear™ CS4299 Audio Codec 97 version 2.1 integrated on the system
board.
Optional Audio
Creative Labs Sound Blaster Live! audio card
Loudspeaker
Optional in Minitower models
•
System Board
Connectors:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
One flexible disk drive connector
Two ATA-100 IDE connectors (for up to four IDE devices)
One CD-IN audio connector (for use with integrated audio)
Internal speaker connector (1 for Minitower + 1 for Desktop)
WOL connector
Battery socket
Status panel connectors (1 for Minitower + 1 for Desktop)
Main power supply connector
ATX 12V power connector
Main chassis fan connector
Processor fan connector
Chassis intrusion connectors (1 for Minitower + 1 for Desktop).
29
2 VL800 Minitower
Overview
Feature
Rear Connectors
(color coded)
Description
•
•
•
•
•
30
Keyboard/Mouse
❒ HP enhanced keyboard with mini-DIN connector
❒ HP enhanced scrolling mouse with mini-DIN connector
25-pin parallel
❒ Mode: Centronics or bidirectional modes (ECP/EPP)
❒ Parallel port: 1 (378h, IRQ 7), 2 (278h, IRQ 5), or Off.
9-pin serial (two, buffered)
❒ Standard: Two UART 16550 buffered serial ports
(both RS-232-C).
❒ Serial Ports A and B: 2F8h (IRQ 3), 2E8h (IRQ 3),
3F8h (IRQ 4), 3E8h (IRQ 4), or Off—
(if one port uses 2xxh, the other port must use 3xxh).
Dual USB connectors
Audio (Integrated)
❒ LINE IN jack (3.5 mm)
❒ LINE OUT jack (3.5 mm)
❒ MIC IN jack (3.5 mm)
2 VL800 Minitower
Minitower Package
Minitower Package
The following two diagrams show the front and rear views.
Front and Side Views
- 3.5-inch 1.44 MB
floppy disk drive
Power Supply Unit
Front Access Bays, for
5.25-inch drives
Rear Fan (actual fan may
differ from one shown)
Secondary
Hard Disk
Drive tray
Primary Hard Disk
Drive Bay
Rear View
Keyboard connector
Mouse connector
Serial port A
Parallel port
Serial port B
Line Out (headphone or speaker) connector
Use these audio connectors if
the PC does not have a Sound
Blaster card.
Line In
connector
Dual USB
connectors
Microphone
connector
31
2 VL800 Minitower
Internal Features
Internal Features
The core architecture of the HP Vectra VL800 PC is constructed around the
Memory Controller Hub (MCH), the Input/Output Controller Hub (ICH) and
the Host bus.
The HP Vectra VL800 PC supports a Pentium 4 processor. This processor is
described on page 72.
The components of the system board are described in chapter 3; the
graphics, network and SCSI devices are described in chapter 4; mass storage
devices are described in chapter 5; the HP BIOS routines are summarized in
chapter 6; and the Power-On Self-Test routines are described in chapter 7.
32
2 VL800 Minitower
Minitower Front Panel
Minitower Front Panel
The front panel has the following features:
Power On/Off Button
Hard Disk
Activity LED
Keyboard Lock
LED
On/Off LED
• On/Off LED. There are five states:
Blank. Indicates that the computer is turned off.
Green. Indicates that the computer is turned on and running correctly.
Flashing green. Displayed during system reset, system lock, Standby
mode (Windows 98 and Windows 2000) or Suspend mode
(Windows 95).
Yellow (fixed or flashing). Indicates a pre-boot error or a Power-On
Self-Test (POST) error, preventing the system from booting.
• Hard Disk Activity LED. Activated during POST and when the hard disk
drive is being accessed.
• Keyboard Lock LED. Activated during POST and when the keyboard is
locked.
33
2 VL800 Minitower
Minitower Specifications and Characteristics
Minitower Specifications and Characteristics
Physical Characteristics
System Processing Unit
Weight
(configuration with one CD-ROM
drive, excl. keyboard and monitor)
14 kilograms (30.86 pounds)
Dimensions:
45.5 cm (D) by 20.6 cm (W) by 46.9 cm (H)
(17.9 inches by 8.1 inches by 18.5 inches)
Footprint:
0.094 m2 (1.01 ft2)
Electrical Specifications
Parameter
Input voltage
Input current (max)
Notes
Maximum per
PCI Slots
32-bit 33 MHz
Maximum for
AGP Slot
100 - 127 V
VAC
200 -240 V
Vac
Switch
select
—
—
7A
4A
—
—
—
Output power
250 W
—
—
—
Input frequency
50 to 60 Hz
—
—
—
Available power
250 W
—
60 W combined
25 W (max)
Max current at +12 V
6A
—
0.5 A
1A
Max current at -12 V
0.3 A
—
0.1 A
—
Max current at +3.3 V
14 A
—
7.6 A
6A
—
—
—
2A
Max current at +5 V
22 A
—
5A
2A
Max current at -5 V
0.3 A
—
—
—
2A
—
—
—
Vddq1
Max current at +5Vstdby
1.
Total Rating
Only for I/O buffers.
34
2 VL800 Minitower
Minitower Specifications and Characteristics
If the overload protection in the power supply unit is triggered, all power is
immediately cut. To reset the power supply unit, remove the power cord and
then determine what caused the overload and remedy it. Reconnect the
power cord, then reboot the PC. If an overload happens twice, then there is
an undetected short circuit somewhere.
NOTE
When the PC is turned off with the power button on the front panel, the
power consumption falls below the low power consumption (refer to the
below table), but is not zero. The special on/off method used by this PC
extends the lifetime of the power supply. To reach zero power consumption
in “off” mode, either unplug the PC from the power outlet or use a power
block with a switch.
Power Consumption and Cooling
The power consumption and acoustic noise data in the below table are valid
for a standard configuration as shipped (256 MB of memory,
250 W power supply, one hard disk drive, graphics card, LAN card)
All information in this section is based on primary power consumptions.
Power consumption (approximate values)
•
•
•
•
1.
Maximum operating
Typical operating
Suspend (only on Windows 2000 models)
Off
230 V / 50 Hz and 115 V / 60 Hz
115W
<70 W
<5 W
<5 W
- 392.4 Btu/h1
- 238.8 Btu/h
- 13.6 Btu/h
- 13.6 Btu/h
1 W = 3.4121 Btu/h
35
2 VL800 Minitower
Minitower Specifications and Characteristics
Environmental Specifications
Environmental Specifications (System Processing Unit, with Hard Disk)
Operating Temperature
+10 °C to +35 °C (+40 °F to +95 °F)
Storage Temperature
-40 °C to +70°C (-40 °F to +158 °F)
Over Temperature Shutdown
+50°C (+122°F)
Operating Humidity
15% to 80% (relative)1
Storage Humidity
8% to 85% (relative)1
Acoustic noise emission (as defined ISO 7779):
•
•
•
1.
Operating
Operating with hard disk access
Operating with floppy disk access
Sound Power
Sound Pressure
LwA ≤ 37.7 dB (4.1 B)
LwA ≤ 38.3 dB (4.2 B)
LwA ≤ 44.8 dB (4.8 B)
LpA ≤ 23.7 dB
LpA ≤ 24.3 dB
LpA ≤ 31.3 dB
Operating Altitude
10000 ft (3100m) max.
Storage Altitude
15000ft (4600m) max.
non condensing conditions.
Operating temperature and humidity ranges may vary depending upon the mass
storage devices installed. High humidity levels can cause improper operation of
disk drives. Low humidity levels can aggravate static electricity problems and
cause excessive wear of the disk surface.
36
2 VL800 Minitower
Power Saving and Ergonometry
Power Saving and Ergonometry
Depending on the operating system, the following power management types
are available:
• No sleeping state: Windows NT 4 (Full On and Off)
• ACPI: Windows 2000 (Full On, Standby, Hibernate, Off).
Windows 2000
Supported
Full On
A
P
M
Windows NT 4
Not Supported by
Windows 2000
Suspend
Not Supported by
Windows NT 4
Supported
Off
Standby (S1 or S3)
A
C
P
I
Supported
(implemented as S3,
Suspend to RAM)
Hibernate (S4)
Supported
Off (S5)
Supported
Not Supported by
Windows NT 4
(APM only Operating
System)
37
2 VL800 Minitower
Power Saving and Ergonometry
Power Saving Modes and Ergonometry for APM Systems
Suspend1
Full On
Normal speed
Halted
Off
On
Blanked, <5 W (typical)
Off
Normal speed
Halted
Off
Supports up to 250 W
<40 W (230V, 50 Hz)
<21 W (115V, 60 Hz)
(plugged in but turned off)
<5 W (average)
Resume events
Keyboard, network (RWU),
modem, USB
Space bar or power
button, RPO
Resume delay
A few seconds
Boot delay
Processor
Display
Hard disk drive
Power
consumption
1.
Off
Not supported by Windows NT 4.
38
2 VL800 Minitower
Power Saving and Ergonometry
Power Saving Modes and Resume Events for ACPI Systems
Full On (S0)
Suspend (S1)
Suspend to RAM
(S3)
Suspend to Disk
(S4)
Off (S5)
Processor
Normal speed
Halted
Off
Off
Off
Display
On
Blanked
Off
Off
Off
Hard Disk
Drive
Normal speed
Halted
Off
Off
Off
On (variable speed)
Off (but can start if
system gets too hot)
Off
Off
Off
Active Power
Planes
VCC
VCCAux
VCC
VCCAux
Memory
VCCAux
VCCAux
VCCAux
Power
Consumption
Supports up to
250 W
<40 W
<10 W
<10 W
<10 W
Power button,
LAN,
Modem,
USB,
Scheduler,
HP Start Key
Power button,
LAN,
Modem,
Scheduler,
HP Start Key
Power button,
LAN,
Modem,
Scheduler,
HP Start Key
Power button,
HP Start Key
Instantaneous
Few seconds
BIOS boot delay +
OS restore delay
Regular boot delay
Heatsink Fan
Resume Events
Resume Delay
Keyboard Power-On
You can power-on from the keyboard space bar provided that:
• The computer is connected to a keyboard that has a power-on space bar
(recognizable by the Power-On icon on the space bar)
• The function is enabled by setting system board switch 6 to ON.
Soft Power Down
When the user requests the operating system to shut down, the environment
is cleared, and the computer is powered off. Soft Power Down is available
with Windows NT (when the Soft Power Down utility is used).
39
2 VL800 Minitower
Documentation
Documentation
The table below summarizes the available documentation. Only selected
publications are available in paper-based form. Most are available as PDF
from the HP web site.
Manual Title
Available
•
HP Desktop PCs Quick User’s Guide
•
HP Vectra VL800 Minitower User’s Guide
Only as PDF file from HP support web site.
HP Vectra VL800 Desktop & Minitower
Troubleshooting Guide
Only as PDF file from HP support web site.
HP Vectra VL800 Desktop & Minitower
Technical Reference Manual
(this manual)
Only as PDF file from HP support web site.
•
HP Vectra VL800 Minitower
Service Handbook Chapter
1.
HP Support Web Site
Printed manual, part number 5970-5080-xx1.
PDF file from HP support web site.
•
PDF file from HP support web site.
Will also be included in the 16th edition of the paperbased HP Vectra Service Handbook, when it becomes
available.
xx = language code.
Documentation, BIOS upgrades and drivers are available from HP’s support
web site.
To access the HP support web site for:
40
Documentation
1
2
3
Connect to www.hp.com/go/vectrasupport
In the left hand menu, click manua
nuals
Select model hp vectra vl800.
00
BIOS Upgrades & Drivers
1
2
Connect to www.hp.com/go/vectrasupport
Select model hp vectra vl800.
00
Technical Notes
(when available)
1
2
3
Connect to www.hp.com/go/vectrasupport
In the left hand menu, click technical not
notes
Select model hp vectra vl800.
00
2 VL800 Minitower
Documentation
Where to Find the Information
The table below summarizes information provided for the HP Vectra VL800.
Quick
User’s
Guide
User’s Guide
Troubleshooting Guide
Service
Handbook
Technical
Reference
Manual
(this manual)
HP Web Site
All manuals available at www.hp.com/go/vectrasupport
Introducing the PC
Standard
configuration
Product features
Exploded
view.
Parts list.
Product
range.
CPL dates.
Product model
numbers
Environmental
Technical
information
www.hp.com/go/
desktops
www.hp.com/go/
desktops
Setting up
the PC.
Working in
comfort.
Safety information
Finding online
information
Key features,
this chapter
HP Web sites
Basic details
Legal information
Certificate of
Conformity.
Software
License
agreement.
Connecting
devices and
turning on PC
Rear panel
connectors,
starting and
stopping
Electrical,
multimedia,
safety,
unpacking,
removing &
replacing
cover.
Preloaded,
HP Web sites
Safety
HP Web sites
Basic details
HP web sites
and others, page
8 and page 40
Advanced, this
entire manual
Using the PC
41
2 VL800 Minitower
Documentation
Quick
User’s
Guide
User’s Guide
Troubleshooting Guide
Service
Handbook
Technical
Reference
Manual
(this manual)
HP Web Site
All manuals available at www.hp.com/go/vectrasupport
Basic details
Updating and
recovering
Basic details.
Viewing Setup
screen, using,
passwords
Power
management,
Software and
drivers
Basic details
Technical
details, chapter
6.
Memory maps,
page 118.
Complete list,
page 105.
BIOS
Setup program
fields and options
Manageability
www.hp.com/go/
vectrasupport
www.hp.com/go/
toptools
Upgrading the PC
Full description
Opening the PC
Full part
number
details
Supported
accessories
Installing
accessories
Configuring
devices
System board
Processor(s),
memory,
accessory
boards, mass
storage
devices.
Installing
devices
Error messages,
problem solving
Installing and
removing,
connectors and
switch settings
Switch settings
www.hp.com/go/
pcaccessories
Installing devices
Jumpers,
switches and
connectors
Jumpers,
switches and
connectors;
chipset details,
chapter 3
Service notes
HP BIOS,
chapter 6.
Repairing the PC
Basic
Basic,
hardware
diagnoses
Troubleshooting
42
Hardware
diagnoses and
suggested
solutions
Tests and error
messages,
chapter 7.
www.hp.com/go/
instantsupport
2 VL800 Minitower
Documentation
Quick
User’s
Guide
User’s Guide
Troubleshooting Guide
Service
Handbook
Technical
Reference
Manual
(this manual)
HP Web Site
All manuals available at www.hp.com/go/vectrasupport
Basic details
Error Messages,
EMU and
suggestions for
corrective action
HP eDiagTools,
CD-ROM
recovery
HP e-DiagTools,
CD-ROM
recovery
Power-On SelfTest routines
(POST)
Hardware
diagnostic utility
e-DiagTools,
CD-ROM
recovery
Error codes and
suggestions for
corrective
action, chapter
7.
Order of tests,
chapter 7
www.hp.com/
desktops/
diagtools
43
2 VL800 Minitower
Documentation
44
3
System Board
This chapter describes the components of the system board, taking in turn
the components of the Memory Controller Hub (MCH), the Input/Output
Controller Hub (ICH2), FirmWare Hub (FWH) and the System Bus.
The following diagram shows the HP Vectra VL800 PC system board in
detail.
cm
.4 hes
24 inc
9.6
m
5c
30. ches
in
12
45
3 System Board
System Board Overview
System Board Overview
The following diagram shows where the different chips and connectors are
located on the system board.
A2
A1
MT chassis
intrusion
Main Power
Supply
Memory slots
B2
B1
Main chassis fan
i850 MCH
CD-ROM
audio in
DT chassis intrusion
AGP Slot
Primary IDE
Secondary IDE
ATX12V power
Floppy
Processor fan
Pentium 4
processor
(socket 423)
PCI slots
i850 ICH2
Battery socket
System
board
switches
SCSI LED
MT internal
speaker
DT Internal Speaker
Wake On LAN
DT status panel
46
MT status panel
3 System Board
Architectural View
Architectural View
Intel Pentium 4
Processor
Socket 423
Address (32)
Control
100 MHz two-way System Bus
(Data Bus runs at 4 x 100 MHz,
3.2 GB/s transfer rate)
Data (64)
1.5V
AGP
Connector
AGP 4x Bus
(133 MHz (1 GB/sec
data transfer rate)
850
Memory
Controller Hub
(MCH)
82850
Dual Rambus Channel
4 onboard RIMM sockets
supporting RDRAM memory.
3.2 GB/s at 400
MHzdata transfer
rate)
HUB LINK 8
(266 MB/s data
transfer rate)
I/O Controller Hub
(ICH2)
(ICH) 82801AA
82801BA
Parallel and
Serial Ports
IDE
Controller
PCI Bridge
2 USB
Connectors
USB
4 x USB
Controller
AC’97
Audio
Controller
LPC
Bridge
SM Bus
Controller
Super I/O
NS 87364
LPC / FWH Link
PCI Bus (32-bit, 33 MHz)
133 MB/s data transfer rate
Slot 1 - 32-bit/33 MHz
Slot 2- 32-bit/33 MHz
Slot 3 - 32-bit/33 MHz
Slot 4 - 32-bit/33 MHz
Slot 5 - 32-bit/33 MHz
SMBus
Keyboard,
Mouse and
Floppy
2 IDE
Connectors
ATA/100 2 Channels
FirmWare Hub
(FWH)
82802AA
Serial
EEPROM
Hardware
Monitoring
Chip
Fans
47
3 System Board
Accessory Board Slots
Accessory Board Slots
The following block diagram shows the position of the accessory board slots
on the system board.
One 1.5V AGP slot.
PCI Slot 1
PCI Slot 2
Five 32-bit 33 MHz PCI slots
PCI Slot 3
PCI Slot 4
PCI Slot 5
AGP Slot
Minitower models of the HP Vectra VL800 are equipped with a single AGP
(Accelerated Graphics Port) graphics slot.
The 1.5V AGP slot provides the ultimate graphics performance for highend graphics cards, combining AGP 4X bandwidth (with data transfer rates
up to 1056 MB/s).
NOTE
AGP 3.3V graphics cards cannot be used.
The 1.5V AGP slot is backwards compatible with both AGP 1x and 2x modes
(using 1.5 V signalling), and AGP 4x mode (where 1.5 V signalling is
required).
The AGP interface and bus are explained on page 54.
48
3 System Board
Accessory Board Slots
PCI Slots
There is a total of five Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) 32-bit,
33 MHz connectors on the system board.
The PCI slots accept 3.3 V and 5 V PCI 32-bit 33 MHz cards, and universal
PCI cards (which are 3.3 V or 5 V compatible). Refer to the table on the
following page for the different PCI board installations.
The maximum supported power consumption per slot is 25W, either from
the 5V or the 3.3V supply and must respect the electrical specifications of
the PCI 2.2 specification. Total power consumption for the PCI slots must
not exceed 60 W.
The power consumption of each PCI board is automatically reported to the
system through the two Presence Detect pins of each PCI slot. These pins
code the following cases:
• No accessory board in the PCI slot
• 7 W maximum PCI board in the PCI slot
• 15 W maximum PCI board in the PCI slot
• 25 W maximum PCI board in the PCI slot.
The following table shows the various PCI board installations for the
different PCI slots:
PCI Card
Universal
(3.3 V or 5 V compatible)
3.3 V and 5 V
PCI Slot
Slots 1, 2, 3, 4 & 5
5 V, 32-bit/33 MHz
1.
2.
32-bit/
33 MHz
64-bit/
33 MHz
yes
yes1
32-bit/
33 MHz or 66 MHz
yes
yes2
64-bit/
33 MHz or 66 MHz
yes1
yes2
A 64-bit card can be installed in a 32-bit slot. However, this card will only operate in 32-bit
mode.
A 66 Mhz card can be installed in a 33 MHz slot. However, this card will only operate in
33 MHz mode.
The system board and BIOS support the PCI specification 2.2. This
specification supports PCI-to-PCI bridges and multi-function PCI devices,
and each of the five PCI slots have Master capabilities.
The PCI slots are connected to the ICH2 PCI 32-bit 33 MHz bus.
49
3 System Board
System Board Switches
System Board Switches
There are ten system board switches used for configuration, numbered from
1 to 10. Some switches are reserved and should not be modified, otherwise it
could lead to a system failure.
50
Switch
Default
Position
1-5
OFF
Reserved. Do Not change Default Settings
6
ON
Enables keyboard power-on.
OFF disables this option.
7
OFF
Enables normal modes.
ON enables the BIOS recovery mode at next boot.
8
OFF
Retains CMOS memory.
ON clears CMOS memory at next boot.
9
OFF
Enables User and System Administrator passwords.
ON clears the passwords at next boot.
10
OFF
Use
3 System Board
Chipset
Chipset
MCH
ICH2
The Intel® i850 chipset is a high-integration chipset designed for
graphics/multimedia PC platforms and is comprised of the following:
• The 82850 Memory Controller Hub (MCH) is a bridge between: the
System bus, Dual Rambus bus (main memory), AGP 4x (graphic) bus
and Hub Link 8-bit. The MCH chip feature is described in detail on page
52.
• The 82801BA Input/Output Controller Hub2 (ICH2) is a bridge between
the following buses: the PCI bus (32-bits/33 MHz) and SMBus. In
addition, the ICH2 supports the integrated IDE controller (Ultra
ATA/100), Enhanced DMA controller, USB controller, Interrupt
controller, Low Pin Count (LPC) interface, FWH interface, ACPI
Power Management Logic, AC’97 2.1 Compliant Link, AOL (AlertOn-LAN) and Real Time Clock (RTC) and CMOS. The ICH2 is
described in detail on page 58.
• The 82802AB Firmware Hub (FWH) stores system BIOS and SCSI BIOS,
nonvolatile memory component.
51
3 System Board
Memory Controller Hub (82850)
Memory Controller Hub (82850)
The MCH Host Bridge/Controller is contained in a 615-pin Organic Land
Grid Array (OLGA) package and is the bridge between the System bus,
Dual Rambus bus (main memory), AGP 4x (graphic) bus and Hub Link 8bit.
The following figure shows an example of the system block diagram using
the MCH.
Socket 423
Intel Pentium 4
Processor
Address (32)
Control
100 MHz two-way System Bus
(Data Bus runs at 4 x 100 MHz,
3.2 GB/s transfer rate)
Data (64)
1.5V
AGP
Connector
AGP 4x Bus
(133 MHz (1 GB/s data
transfer rate)
I850 Memory
Controller Hub (MCH)
82850
AGP
Memory
Interface
Controller
HUB LINK 8
(266 MB/s data
transfer rate)
I/O Controller Hub
(ICH2) 82801BA
52
Dual Rambus Bus
3.2 GB/s at 400
MHzdata transfer rate
4 onboard RIMM sockets
supporting RDRAM memory.
3 System Board
Memory Controller Hub (82850)
The following table shows the features that are available in the MCH Host
Bridge/Controller.
Feature
Feature
•
Processor/System Bus:
❒ Supports Pentium 4 processor at: 100 MHz System Bus
frequency (400 MHz Data Bus).
❒ Provides an 8-deep In-Order Queue supporting up to eight
outstanding transaction requests on the System bus.
❒ Desktop optimized AGTL+ bus driver technology with
integrated AGTL + termination resistors.
❒ Support for 32-bit System bus address.
•
Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) Interface:
❒ Single 1.5V AGP connector.
❒ AGP Rev 2.0 compliant, including AGP 4x data transfers and
2x/4x Fast Write protocol.
❒ AGP 1.5V connector support with 1.5 V signalling only.
❒ AGP PIPE# or SBA initiated accesses to RDRAM is not
snooped
❒ AGP FRAME initiated accesses to RDRAM are snooped
(snooper identifies that data is coherent in cache memory).
❒ Hierarchical PCI configuration mechanism.
❒ Delayed transaction support for AGP-to-RDRAM reads that
cannot be serviced immediately.
•
Direct Rambus Memory Controller.
❒ Dual Direct Rambus Channels operating in lock-step (both
channels must be populated with a memory module).
Supporting 300 MHz or 400 MHz.
❒ RDRAM 128 Mb, 256 Mb devices.
❒ Minimum upgrade increment of 32 MB using 128 Mbit
RDRAM technology.
❒ Up to 64 Direct Rambus devices.
Dual channel maximum memory array size is:
— 1 GB using 128 Mbit RDRAM technology.
— 2 GB using 256 Mbit RDRAM technology.
❒ Up to 8 simultaneous open pages:
— 1 KByte page size support for 128 Mbit and 256 Mbit
RDRAM devices.
— 2 KByte page size support for 256 Mbit RDRAM devices.
•
Power management:
❒ RDRAM space re-mapping to A0000h - BFFFFh (128 KB).
❒ Extended RDRAM space above 256 MB, additional 128 K,
256 K, 512 K, 1 MB TSEG from Top of Memory, cacheable
(cacheability controlled by processor).
❒ Suspend to RAM.
❒ ACPI Rev. 1.0 compliant power management.
❒ APM Rev. 1.2 compliant power management.
❒ Power-managed states are supported.
•
Hub Link 8-bit Interface to ICH2:
❒ High-speed interconnect between the MCH and ICH2
(266 MB/sec).
•
Arbitration:
❒ Distributed Arbitration Model for Optimum Concurrency
Support.
❒ Concurrent operations of System, hub interface, AGP and
memory buses supported via a dedicated arbitration and
data buffering logic.
•
615 OLGA MCH package.
•
Input/Output Device Support:
❒ Input/Output Controller Hub (ICH2).
53
3 System Board
Memory Controller Hub (82850)
MCH Interface
The MCH interface provides bus control signals and address paths via the
Hub Link 8-bit access to the ICH2 for transfers between the processor on
the system bus, Dual Rambus bus and AGP 4x bus.
The MCH supports 32-bit host addresses, allowing the processor to address
a space of 4GB. It also provides an 8-deep In-Order Queue supporting up to
eight outstanding transaction requests on the system bus.
Host-initiated input/output signals are positively decoded to AGP or MCH
configuration space and subtractively decoded to Hub Link 8-bit interface.
Host-initiated memory cycles are positively decoded to AGP or RDRAM, and
are again subtractively decoded to Hub Link 8-bit interface.
AGP semantic memory accesses initiated from AGP to RDRAM do not
require a snoop cycle (not snooped) on the System bus, since the coherency
of data for that particular memory range will be maintained by the software.
However, memory accesses initiated from AGP using PCI Semantics and
accesses from Hub Link interface to RDRAM do require a snoop cycle on the
System bus.
Memory access whose addresses are within the AGP aperture are translated
using the AGP address translation table, regardless of the originating
interface.
Write accesses from Hub Link interface to the AGP are supported.
The MCH supports one Pentium 4 processor at an FSB frequency of 100MHz
using AGTL+ signalling. Refer to page 71 for a description of the System bus.
Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) Bus Interface
A controller for the 1.5V AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port) slot is integrated
in the MCH. The AGP Bus interface is compatible with the Accelerated
Graphics Port Specification, Rev 2.0, operating at 133 MHz, and supporting
up to 1 GB/sec data transfer rates. The MCH supports only a synchronous
AGP interface, coupling to the System bus frequency.
AGP 4x Bus
The AGP bus is a dedicated bus for the graphics subsystem, which meets the
needs of high quality 3D graphics applications. It has a direct link to the
MCH.
54
3 System Board
Memory Controller Hub (82850)
The AGP bus is based upon a 66 MHz, 32-bit PCI bus architecture, to which
several signal groups have been added to provide AGP-specific control and
transfer mechanisms.
AGP specific transactions always use pipelining. This control mechanism
increases the bus efficiency for data transfer. Sideband Addressing (SBA)
may also be used by AGP transaction requests which further increases the
bus efficiency for data transfer. The supported modes are detailed below:
• FRAME-based AGP. Only the PCI semantics are: 66 MHz, 32-bit, 1.5 V,
266 MB/s peak transfer rate.
• AGP 1X with pipelining, sideband addressing can be added: uses 66 MHz,
32-bit, 1.5 V, increased bus efficiency, 266 MB/s peak transfer rate.
• AGP 2X with pipelining, sideband addressing can be added: 66 MHz
double clocked, 32-bit, 1.5 V, 533 MB/s peak transfer rate.
• AGP 4X with pipelining, sideband addressing can be added: 133 MHz
double clocked, 32-bit, 1.5 V, increased bus efficiency, 1066 MB/s peak
transfer rate
AGP PCI Bus
Implementation
Pentium 4 Processor
1.5V
AGP
Connector
AGP 4x Bus
(133 MHz)
GX-Device 1
AGP Port
Interface
PCI-to-PCI
Device 0
I850
Memory
Controller Hub
(MCH)
Hub Link 8-bit
I/O Controller
Hub (ICH2)
Main Memory Controller
The main memory controller is integrated in the MCH supporting two
primary rambus channels (A and B).
55
3 System Board
Memory Controller Hub (82850)
RDRAM Interface
The MCH provides optional System bus error checking for data, address,
request and response signals. Only 400 MHz Direct Rambus (PC800)
devices are supported in any of 128 or 256 Mbit technology. 128 Mbit
RDRAM uses page sizes of 1 kbytes, while 256 Mbit devices target 1 kbyte or
2 kbyte pages.
A maximum number of 32 Rambus devices (128 Mbit technology implies 1
GB maximum in 32 MB increments, 256 Mbit technology implies 2 GB
maximum in 64 MB increments) are supported on the Direct Rambus
channel without external logic.
The MCH also provides optional data integrity features including ECC in the
memory array. During RDRAM writes, ECC is generated on a QWord (64 bit)
basis. During RDRAM reads, the MCH supports multiple-bit error detection
and single-bit error correction when the ECC mode is enabled.
MCH will scrub single bit errors by writing the corrected value back into
RDRAM for all reads when hardware scrubbing is enabled. This, however
does not include reads launched in order to satisfy an AGP aperture
transaction.
ECC can only be enabled when all RDRAM devices are populated in a system
that supports the extra two data bits used to store the ECC code.
Dual Rambus Bus
The Dual Rambus bus is comprised of 16 x 2 bits of data information, and
1 x 2 bits of Error Correcting Code (ECC). The bus is connected to the
RIMM memory slots and to the MCH chip supporting two Dual Rambus
channels (A and B).
Both channels run 400 MHz supporting up to 32 rambus devices per
channel. The maximum available data bandwidth is 3.2 GB/s at 400 MHz.
The configuration of both primary rambus channels must be symmetrical –
the memory configuration on channel A must be identical to the memory
configuration on channel B. This means the memory must be installed in
identical pairs.
56
3 System Board
Memory Controller Hub (82850)
RIMM Memory Slots
The PC has four RIMM memory sockets, RIMM A1, RIMM A2, RIMM B1,
RIMM B2, for installing two or four RDRAM memory modules.
Each pair of memory sockets must contain identical memory modules
(identical in size, speed and type). That is, sockets A1 and B1 must contain
identical modules, and sockets A2 and B2 must contain either identical
modules or continuity modules.
If only two RDRAM modules are installed, use the sockets marked A1 and
B1. The other two sockets (A2 and B2) must contain continuity modules.
Read/Write Buffers
The MCH defines a data buffering scheme to support the required level of
concurrent operations and provide adequate sustained bandwidth between
the RDRAM subsystem and all other system interfaces (CPU, AGP and PCI).
System Clocking
The MCH operates the System interface at 100 MHz, PCI at 33 MHz and AGP
at 66/133 MHz. Coupling between all interfaces and internal logic is done in
a synchronous manner. The clocking scheme uses an external clock
synthesizer (which produces reference clocks for the host, AGP and PCI
interfaces).
57
3 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub 2 (82801BA)
The Input/Output Controller Hub 2 (82801BA)
The ICH2 is encapsulated in a 360-pin Enhanced Ball Grid Array (EBGA)
package and is located on the system board just underneath the AGP
connector. It provides the interface between the PCI bridge (PCI Rev. 2.2
compliant with support for 32-bit 33 MHz PCI operations),
PCI-to-LPC (Low Pin Count) bridge, IDE controller, USB controller,
SMBus controller and Audio Codec ’97 controller.
The ICH2 functions and capabilities are discussed in detail later on in this
section. The following figure shows an example of the system block
diagram using the ICH2.
Intel Pentium 4
Processor
Address (32)
Control
Data (64)
System Bus
I850 Memory
Controller Hub
(MCH)
I/O Controller Hub
(ICH2)
(ICH) 82801AA
82801BA
Keyboard,
Mouse and
Floppy
2 USB
Connectors
USB
Super I/O
NS 87364
LPC / FWH Link
Parallel and
Serial Ports
FirmWare Hub
(FWH)
82802AA
58
IDE
Controller
PCI Bridge
CS Audio
Codec
(CS4280)
Slot 1 - 32-bit/33 MHz
4 x USB
Controller
DMA
Controller
SM Bus
Controller
Slot 3 - 32-bit/33 MHz
Slot 2- 32-bit/33 MHz
Slot 4 - 32-bit/33 MHz
Slot 5 - 32-bit/33 MHz
SMBus
ATA/100 2 Channels
2 IDE
Connectors
PCI Bus (32-bit, 33 MHz)
133 MB/s data transfer rate
Serial
EEPROM
Hardware
Monitoring
Chip
Fans
3 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub 2 (82801BA)
The following table shows the available ICH2 features.
Feature
• Multi-function PCI Bus Interface:
❒
❒
❒
❒
PCI at 32-bit 33 MHz.
PCI Rev 2.2 Specification.
133 Mbyte/sec data transfer rate.
Master PCI Device Support for up to five devices.
• USB, supporting:
❒ USB revision 1.1 compliant.
❒ UHCI Implementation with four USB Ports for serial
transfers at12 or 1.5 Mbit/sec.
❒ Wake-up from sleeping states.
❒ Legacy keyboard/mouse software.
• Power Management Logic:
❒ ACPI 1.0 compliant.
❒ Support for APM-based legacy power management for nonACPI implementations.
❒ ACPI defined power states (S1, S3, S4, S5).
❒ ACPI power management timer.
❒ SMI generation.
❒ All registers readable/restorable for proper resume from 0 V
suspend states.
❒ PCI PME#.
• Real-Time Clock, supporting:
❒ 256-byte battery-backed CMOS RAM.
❒ Hardware implementation to indicate Century Rollover.
• Timers Based on 82C54:
❒ System Timer, Refresh Request, Speaker Tone Output.
• System Timer, Refresh Request, Speaker Tone Output.
Feature
• Enhanced DMA Controller:
❒
❒
❒
❒
Two 82C37 DMA controllers.
PCI DMA with 2 PC/PCI Channels in pairs.
LPC DMA.
DMA Collection Buffer to provide Type-F DMA performance
for all DMA channels.
• Interrupt Controller:
❒ Two cascaded 82C59 controllers.
❒ Integrated I/O APIC capability.
❒ 15 Interrupt support in 8259 Mode, 24 supported in I/O APIC
mode.
❒ Serial Interrupt Protocol.
• Integrated IDE Controller:
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
Independent Timing of up to four drives.
Ultra ATA/100 Mode (100 Mbytes/sec).
Ultra ATA/66 Mode (66 Mbytes/sec).
Ultra ATA/33 Mode (33 Mbytes/sec).
PIO Mode 4 transfers up to 14 Mbytes/sec.
Separate IDE connections for Primary and Secondary cables.
Integrated 16 x 32-bit buffer for IDE PCI Burst transfers.
Write Ping-Pong Buffer for faster write performances.
• System TCO Reduction Circuits:
❒ Timers to Generate SMI# and Reset Upon.
❒ Timers to Detect Improper Processor Reset.
❒ Integrated Processor Frequency Strap Logic.
• SMBus
❒ Host Interface allows processor to communicate via SMBus.
❒ Compatible with 2-wire I2C bus.
• GPIO:
❒ TTL, Open-Drain, Inversion.
• Firmware Hub (FWH) interface.
• 3.3 V operation with 5 V Tolerant Buffers for IDE and PCI signals.
• 360 EBGA Package.
• Alert-On-LAN (AOL) support.
59
3 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub 2 (82801BA)
ICH2 Architecture
The ICH2 interface architecture ensures that the I/O subsystems, both PCI
and the integrated input/output features (for example: IDE, AC’97 and USB)
receive adequate bandwidths.
To achieve this, by placing the I/O bridge directly on the ICH2 interface, and
no longer on the PCI bus, the ICH2 architecture ensures that both the
input/output functions integrated into the ICH2 and the PCI peripherals
obtain the bandwidth necessary for peak performance.
ICH2 PCI Bus Interface
The ICH2 PCI provides the interface to a PCI bus interface operating at
33 MHz. This interface implementation is compliant with PCI Rev 2.2
Specification, supporting up to five external PCI masters in addition to the
ICH2 requests. The PCI bus can reach a data transfer rate of 133
MBytes/sec. The maximum PCI burst transfer can be between 256 bytes and
4 KB. It also supports advanced snooping for PCI master bursting, and
provides a pre-fetch mechanism dedicated for IDE read.
Refer to the table page 75 for ICH2 interrupts.
SMBus Controller
The System Management (SM) bus is a two-wire serial bus which runs at a
maximum of (100 kHz). The SMBus Host interface allows the processor to
communicate with SMBus slaves and an SMBus Slave interface that allows
external masters to activate power management events. The bus connects
to sensor devices that monitor some of the hardware functions of the system
board, both during system boot and run-time.
Refer to page 62 for a description of the devices on the SMBus, or to page 65
for information on the hardware monitoring ASIC.
Low Pin Count Interface The ICH2 implements the LPC interface 1.0 specification.
Enhanced USB Controller The USB (Universal Serial Bus) controller provides enhanced support for
the Universal Host Controller Interface (UHCI). This includes support that
allows legacy software to use a USB-based keyboard and mouse. The USB
supports two stacked connectors on the back panel. These ports are built
into the ICH2, as standard USB ports.
The ICH2 is USB revision 1.1 compliant.
USB works only if the USB interface has been enabled within the HP Setup
program. Currently, only the Microsoft Windows 95 SR2.1, Windows 98 and
Windows 2000 operating systems provide support for USB.
60
3 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub 2 (82801BA)
AC’97 CODEC
This is the single-chip CS4299 audio CODEC that provides the digital-analog
conversion for the audio features for the Vectra VL800.
Refer to page 62 for information about the CS4299 audio solution.
IDE Controller
The IDE controller is implemented as part of the ICH2 chip and has PCIMaster capability. Two independent ATA/100 IDE channels are provided
with two connectors per channel. Two IDE devices (one master and one
slave) can be connected per channel. In order to guarantee data transfer
integrity, Ultra-ATA cables must be used for Ultra-ATA modes (UltraATA/33, Ultra-ATA/66 and Ultra-ATA/100).
The PIO IDE transfers of up to 14 Mbytes/sec and Bus Master IDE transfer
rates of up to 66 Mbytes/sec are supported. The IDE controller integrates
16 x 32-bit buffers for optimal transfers.
It is possible to mix a fast and a slow device, such as a hard disk drive and a
CD-ROM, on the same channel without affecting the performance of the fast
device. The BIOS automatically determines the fastest configuration that
each device supports.
DMA Controller
The seven-channel DMA controller incorporates the functionality of two
82C37 DMA controllers. Channels 0 to 3 are for 8-bit count-by-byte
transfers, while channels 5 to 7 are for 16-bit count-by-word transfers (refer
to table on page 119 for allocated DMA channel allocations). Any two of the
seven DMA channels can be programmed to support fast Type-F transfers.
The ICH2 DMA controller supports the LPC (Low Pin Count) DMA. Single,
Demand, Verify and Incremental modes are supported on the LPC interface.
Channels 0-3 are 8-bit, while channels 5-7 are 16-bit. Channel 4 is reserved
as a generic bus master request.
Interrupt Controller
The Interrupt controller is equivalent in function to the two 82C59 interrupt
controllers. The two interrupt controllers are cascaded so that 14 external
and two internal interrupts are possible. In addition, the ICH2 supports a
serial interrupt scheme and also implements the I/O APIC controller. A table
on page 74 shows how the master and slave controllers are connected.
61
3 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub 2 (82801BA)
Timer/Counter Block
The timer/counter block contains three counters that are equivalent in
function to those found in one 82C54 programmable interval counter/timer.
These three counters are combined to provide the system timer function,
and speaker tone. The 14.318 MHz oscillator input provides the clock source
for these three counters.
Advanced Programmable Incorporated in the ICH2, the APIC can be used in either single-processor or
multi-processor systems, while the standard interrupt controller supports
Interrupt Controller
only single-processor systems.
Real Time Clock
The RTC is 146818A-compatible, with 256 bytes of CMOS. The RTC
performs two key functions: keeping track of the time of day and storing
system data.
The RTC operates on a 32.768 kHz crystal and a separate 3V lithium battery
that provides up to 6 years of protection for an unplugged system. It also
supports two lockable memory ranges. By setting bits in the configuration
space, two 8-byte ranges can be locked to read and write accesses. This
prevents unauthorized reading of passwords or other security information.
Another feature is a date alarm allowing for a schedule wake-up event up to
30 days in advance.
Enhanced Power
Management
The ICH2’s power management functions include enhanced clock control,
local and global monitoring support for 14 individual devices, and various
low-power (suspend) states. A hardware-based thermal management circuit
permits software-independent entry points for low-power states.
The ICH2 includes full support for the Advanced Configuration and Power
Interface (ACPI) specifications.
Devices on the SMBus
The SMBus is a subset of the I2C bus. It is a two-wired serial bus which runs
at a maximum speed of 100 kHz. It is used to monitor some of the hardware
functions of the system board (such as voltage levels, temperature, fan
speed, memory presence and type), both at system boot and during normal
run-time. It is controlled by the SMBus controller located in the ICH2.
62
3 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub 2 (82801BA)
The following devices are connected to the SMBus:
• One Serial EEPROM hardware monitoring (also includes backup values of
CMOS settings)
• PCI slot 5, thus being ready for Alert-On LAN (AOL) from a hardware
level
• ICH2 SMBus Master Controller 100 kHz maximum
• Hardware monitoring for hardware management, bus master controller
• RIMM serial EEPROM.
Intel Pentium 4
Processor
System Bus
I850 Memory
Controller Hub
(MCH)
HUB LINK 8
(233 MB/s data
transfer rate)
I/O Controller Hub
(ICH2) 82801AA
82801BA
IDE
Controller
PCI Bridge
4 x USB
Controller
CS Audio
Codec
(CS4299)
DMA
Controller
SM Bus
Controller
SMBus
RIMM
SPD
Hardware
Monitoring
Chip
Fans
Serial
EEPROM
PCI 5
63
3 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub 2 (82801BA)
ICH2 SMBus Master
Controller
The ICH2 provides a processor-to-SMBus controller. All access performed to
the SMBus is done through the ICH2 SMBus interface. Typically, the
processor has access to all the devices connected to the SMBus.
RIMM Sockets
Each RIMM socket is connected to the SMBus. The 168-pin RIMM modules
include a 256 byte I2C Serial EEPROM. The first 128 bytes contain general
information, including the RDRAM chip manufacturer’s name, RIMM speed
rating, RIMM type, etc. The second 128 bytes of the Serial EEPROM can be
used to store data online.
Serial EEPROM
This is the non-volatile memory which holds the default values for the CMOS
memory (in the event of battery failure).When installing a new system
board, the Serial EEPROM will have a blank serial number field. This will be
detected automatically by the BIOS, which will then prompt the user for the
serial number which is printed on the identification label on the back of the
PC.
The computer uses 16KBytes of Serial EEPROM implemented within one
chip. Serial EEPROM is ROM in which one byte at a time can be returned to
its unprogrammed state by the application of appropriate electrical signals.
In effect, it can be made to behave like very slow, non-volatile RAM. It is
used for storing the tatoo string, the serial number, and the parameter
settings for the Setup program as well as hardware monitoring firmware.
64
3 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub 2 (82801BA)
HP Hardware Monitoring The hardware monitoring chip is on the system board. Its responsibility
includes status panel management (LEDs), early diagnostics (CPU,
memory, PLLs, boot start), run-time diagnostics (CPU errors), fan speed
regulation, and other miscellaneous functions.
The integrated microprocessor includes a Synopsys cell based on Dallas
“8052” equivalent, a 2 KB boot ROM, 256 bytes of data RAM, an I2C cell, an
Analog-to-Digital (ADC) with 5 entries, and an additional glue logic for
interrupt control, fan regulation, and a status panel control.
The hardware monitoring chip downloads its code in 96 milliseconds from
an I2C serial EEPROM. The total firmware (8051-code, running in RAM) size
is 14 KB. As it exceeds the 2 KB program RAM space, a paging mechanism
will swap code as it is required, based on a 512 byte buffer. The first 2 KB
pages of firmware code is critical because it controls the initial power
on/reset to boot the system. This initial page is checked with a nullchecksum test and the presence of hardware monitoring markers (located
just below the 2 KB limit).
Hardware monitoring information is not accessible in I/O space or memory
space of the system platform, but only through the SMBUS (which is a subset of the I2C bus), via the ICH2. Its I2C cell may operate either in Slave or
Master mode, switched by firmware, or automatically in the event of
‘Arbitration’ loss.
Hardware monitoring reports critical errors at start-up, and is therefore
powered by Vstandby (3.3V) power. For it to work, the PC must be
connected to a grounded outlet. This enables the PC’s hardware monitoring
chip to be active, even if the system has been powered off.
65
3 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub 2 (82801BA)
Hardware Monitoring
Architecture
The hardware monitoring chip continuously monitors temperature and
voltage sensors located in critical regions on the system board. This chip
receives data about the various system components via a dedicated I2C bus,
which is a reliable communications bus to control the integrated circuit
boards.
Serial EEPROM
Speed up/slow
down
Hardware
Monitoring
I2C bus
Hardware
Monitoring
ASIC
NOTE
System Fans
Memory
Memory
AGPset
Hardware monitoring is powered by VSTBY. This means that it is functional
as soon as the power cord is plugged in.
66
3 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub 2 (82801BA)
Devices on the Low Pin Count Bus
The following devices are connected to the LPC bus.
Intel Pentium 4
Processor
System Bus
I850 Memory
Controller Hub
(MCH)
HUB LINK 8
I/O Controller Hub
(ICH2)
(ICH) 82801AA
82801BA
IDE
Controller
Keyboard,
Mouse and
Floppy
Parallel and
Serial Ports
Super I/O
NS 87364
PCI Bridge
4 x USB
Controller
CS Audio
Codec
(CS4299)
DMA
Controller
SM Bus
Controller
LPC / FWH Link
FirmWare
Hardware
(FWH) 82802
67
3 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub 2 (82801BA)
The Super I/O Controller (NS 87364)
The Super I/O chip (NS 87364) provides the control for two FDD devices,
two serial ports, one bidirectional multi-mode parallel port and a keyboard
and mouse controller.
Serial / Parallel
Communications Ports
The 9-pin serial ports (whose pin layouts are depicted on page 145) support
RS-232-C and are buffered by 16550A UARTs, with 16-Byte FIFOs. They can
be programmed as COM1, COM2, COM3, COM4, or disabled.
The 25-pin parallel port (also depicted on page 146) is Centronicscompatible, supporting IEEE 1284. It can be programmed as LPT1, LPT2, or
disabled. It can operate in the four following modes:
❒ Standard mode (PC/XT, PC/AT, and PS/2 compatible)
❒ Bidirectional mode (PC/XT, PC/AT, and PS/2 compatible)
❒ Enhanced mode (enhanced parallel port, EPP, compatible)
❒ High speed mode (MS/HP extended capabilities port, ECP, compatible).
FDC
The integrated floppy disk controller (FDC) supports any combination of
two of the following: tape drives, 3.5-inch flexible disk drives, 5.25-inch
flexible disk drives. It is software and register-compatible with the 82077AA,
and 100% IBM-compatible. It has an A and B drive-swapping capability and
a non-burst DMA option.
Keyboard and Mouse
Controller
The computer has an 8042-based keyboard and mouse controller. The
connector pin layouts are shown on page 144.
68
3 System Board
FirmWare Hub (82802AB)
FirmWare Hub (82802AB)
The FWH (also known as flash memory) is connected to the LPC bus. It
contains 4 Mbit (512 kB) of flash memory.
The hardware features of the FWH include: five General Purpose Inputs
(GPI), register-based block locking and hardware-based locking. An
integrated combination of logic features and non-volatile memory enables
better protection for the storage and update of system code and data, adds
flexibility through additional GPIs, and allows for quicker introduction of
security/manageability features.
The following table shows the available FWH features.
Feature
• Platform Compatibility:
❒ Enables security-enhanced platform infrastructure.
❒ Part of the Intel i850 chipset.
• FirmWare Hub Interface Mode:
❒ Five signal communication interface supporting x8 reads and
writes.
❒ Register-based read and write protection for each code/data
storage blocks.
❒ Five additional GPIs for system design and flexibility.
❒ Integrated CUI (Command User Interface) for requesting
access to locking, programming and erasing options. It also
handles requests for data residing in status, ID and block lock
registers.
❒ Operates with 33 MHz PCI clock and 3.3 V input/output.
• A/A Mux Interface/Mode, supporting:
❒ 11-pin multiplexed address and 8-pin data I/O interface.
❒ Fast on-board or out-of-system programming.
• Industry Standard Packages:
Feature
• Two Configurable Interfaces:
❒ FirmWare Hub interface for system operation.
❒ Address/Address Multiplexed (A/A Mux) interface.
• 4 Mbits of Flash Memory for system code/data non-volatile
storage:
❒ Symmetrically blocked, 64 Kbyte memory sections.
❒ Automated byte program and block erase through an
integrated WSM (Write State Machine).
• Power Supply Specifications:
❒ Vcc: 3.3 V +/- 0.3 V.
❒ Vpp: 3.3 V and 12 V for fast programming, 80 ns.
• Case Temperature Operating Range.
❒ 32L PLCC.
69
3 System Board
FirmWare Hub (82802AB)
The FWH includes two hardware interfaces:
• FirmWare Hub interface.
• Address/Address Multiplexed (A/A Mux) interface.
The IC (Interface Configuration) pin on the FWH provides the control
between these interfaces. The interface mode needs to be selected prior to
power-up or before return from reset (RST# or INIT# low to high
transition).
The FWH interface works with the ICH2 during system operation, while the
A/A Mux interface is designed as a programming interface for component
pre-programming.
An internal CUI (Command User Interface) serves as the control center
between the FWH and A/A Mux interfaces, and internal operation of the
non-volatile memory. A valid command sequence written to the CUI initiates
device automation. An internal WSM (Write State Machine) automatically
executes the algorithms and timings necessary for block erase and program
operations.
70
3 System Board
System Bus
System Bus
The system bus of the Pentium 4 processor is implemented in the AGTL+
(Assisted Gunning Transceiver Logic)+ technology. This technology
features open-drain signal drivers that are pulled up through resistors at bus
extremities to the operating voltage of the processor core. These resistors
also act as bus terminators, and are integrated in the processor and in the
82850 MCH.
Socket 423
Intel Pentium 4
Processor
Address (32)
Control
100 MHz two-way System Bus
(Data Bus runs at 4 x 100 MHz,
3.2 GB/s transfer rate)
Data (64)
1.5V
AGP
Connector
AGP 4x Bus
(133 MHz (1 GB/sec
data transfer rate)
850
Memory
Controller Hub
(MCH)
82850
Dual Rambus Channel
4 onboard RIMM sockets
supporting RDRAM memory.
3.2 GB/s at 400
MHzdata transfer
rate)
HUB LINK 8
(266 MB/s data
transfer rate)
I/O Controller Hub
(ICH) 82801AA
The supported operating frequency of the AGTL+ bus for the Pentium 4 is
100 MHz. The width of the data bus is 64 bits, while the width of the address
is 32 bits. Data bus transfers occur at four times the system bus, at 400 MHz.
Along with the operating frequencies, the processor voltage is set
automatically.
The control signals of the system bus allow the implementation of a “split transaction” bus protocol. This allows the Pentium 4 processor to send its
request (for example, for the contents of a given memory address) and then
to release the bus, rather than waiting for the result, thereby allowing it to
71
3 System Board
System Bus
accept another request. The MCH, as target device, then requests the bus
again when it is ready to respond, and sends the requested data packet. Up
to four transactions are allowed to be outstanding at any given time.
Intel Pentium 4 Processor
The Pentium 4 processor has several features that enhance performance:
• Data bus frequency of 400 MHz
• Dual Independent Bus architecture, which combines a dedicated 64-bit
L2 cache bus (supporting 256 KB) plus a 64-bit system bus that enables
multiple simultaneous transactions
• MMX2 technology, which gives higher performance for media,
communications and 3D applications
• Dynamic execution to speed up software performance
• Internet Streaming SIMD Extensions 2 (SSE2) for enhanced floating
point and 3D application performance
• Uses multiple low-power states, such as AutoHALT, Stop-Grant, Sleep and
Deep Sleep to conserve power during idle times.
The Pentium 4 processor is packaged in a pin grid array (PGA) that fits into
a PGA423 socket (423-pin Zero Insertion Force or ZIF socket).
Processor Clock
The 100 MHz System Bus clock is provided by a PLL. The processor core
clock is derived from the System Bus by applying a “ratio”. This ratio is fixed
in the processor. The processor then applies this ratio to the System bus
clock to generate its CPU core frequency.
Bus Frequencies
There is a 14.318 MHz crystal oscillator on the system board. This frequency
is multiplied to 100 MHz by a phase-locked loop. This is further scaled by an
internal clock multiplier within the processor.
The bus frequency and the processor voltage are set automatically.
Voltage Regulation
Module (VRM)
One VRM is integrated on the system board complying with VRM
specification rev. 9.0. High-current and low voltage processors are
supported.
The processor requires a dedicated power voltage to supply the CPU core
and L2 cache. The processor codes through Voltage Identification (VID)
pins with a required voltage level of 1.30 V to 2.05 V. The VID set is decoded
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3 System Board
System Bus
by the VRM on the system board that in return supplies the required power
voltage to the processor. It should be noted, however, that voltage may vary
from one processor model to another.
Cache Memory
The Pentium 4 integrates the following cache memories on the same die as
the processor cache:
• A trace instruction and L1 data cache. The trace cache is 4-way set
associative.
• A 256KB L2 cache. The L2 cache is 8-way associative.
The amount of cache memory is set by Intel at the time of manufacture, and
cannot be changed.
73
3 System Board
Assigned Device Interrupts
Assigned Device Interrupts
PCI 32 and AGP Interrupts
PCI 32
Slot 1
Slot 2
Slot 3
Slot 4
Slot 5
AGP
int A
C
A
B
C
D
A
int B
D
B
C
D
A
B
int C
A
C
D
A
B
int D
B
D
A
B
C
ID
6
7
9
10
11
0
IDSEL
22
23
25
26
27
16
REQ/GNT
1
2
3
4
5
Interrupt Controllers
The system has an Interrupt controller which is equivalent in function to
that of two 82C59 interrupt controllers. The following table shows how the
interrupts are connected to the APIC controller. The Interrupt Requests
(IRQ) are numbered sequentially, starting with the master controller, and
followed by the slave (both of 82C59 type).
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3 System Board
Assigned Device Interrupts
Although the Setup program can be used to change some of the settings, the
following address map is not completely BIOS dependent, but is determined
partly by the operating system. Note that some of the interrupts are
allocated dynamically.
APIC Controller
Interrupt Source
Interrupt Signalling on
of
device
Input
(PIC mode)
Pentium 4
Bus
AGP: int A
Slot 1: int C
Slot 2: int A
Slot 3: int D
Slot 4: int C
Slot 5: int B
ICH2
INTA
INT
Pentium 4
bus
instruction
AGP: int B
Slot 1: int D
Slot 2: int B
Slot 3: int A
Slot 4: int D
Slot 5: int C
ICH2
INTB
INT
Pentium 4
bus
instruction
Slot 1: int A
Slot 2: int C
Slot 3: int B
Slot 4: int A
Slot 5: int D
ICH2
INTC
INT
Pentium 4
bus
instruction
Slot 1: int B
Slot 2: int D
Slot 3: int C
Slot 4: int B
Slot 5: int A
ICH2
INTD
INT
Pentium 4
bus
instruction
Device on Primary IDE Channel
ICH2
IRQ14
INT
Pentium 4
bus
instruction
Device on Secondary IDE Channel
ICH2
IRQ15
INT
Pentium 4
bus
instruction
Serial Interrupt from Super I/O
ICH2
SERIRQ
INT
Pentium 4
bus
instruction
75
3 System Board
Assigned Device Interrupts
There are three major interrupt modes available:
PIC mode: This mode uses only the “Legacy” interrupt controllers, so that
only one processor can be supported.
Virtual wire mode: This mode is implemented with APIC controllers in the
ICH2 and used during boot time. The virtual wire mode allows the transition
to the “symmetric I/O mode”.
Symmetric I/O mode: This mode is implemented with APIC controllers in
the ICH2.
NOTE
In “PIC mode” and “virtual wire mode”, the PCI interrupts are routed to the
INT line. In the “symmetric I/O mode”, the PCI interrupts are routed to the
I/O APIC controllers and forwarded over an GTL bus to the processor.
PCI Interrupt Request Lines
PCI devices generate interrupt requests using up to four PCI interrupt
request lines (INTA#, INTB#, INTC#, and INTD#).
PCI interrupts can be shared; several devices can use the same interrupt.
However, optimal system performance is reached when minimizing the
sharing of interrupts. Refer to page 74 for a table of the PCI device
interrupts.
76
4
Interface Cards
This chapter describes the graphics, network and SCSI devices that are
supplied with the HP Vectra VL800 PC.
Graphics Cards
HP Vectra VL800 PC models are supplied with a graphics card. This
graphics card is one of the following, depending on the PC model:
• Matrox Millennium G450
• nVIDIA GeForce2 GTS.
77
4 Interface Cards
Graphics Cards
Matrox Millennium G450 Graphics Card
VGA Port 1
VGA Port 2
The Matrox Millennium G450 Dual Head AGP graphics card has a total of
16MB of installed video memory (non-upgradeable). Main features include:
• Powered by the 256-bit DualBus Matrox G450 chip
• Matrox DualHead technology for connecting two monitors
• Matrox DualHead technology with PowerDesk desktop manager:
❒ Easy multiple resolutions support
❒ Simple dialog box
❒ Effortless multiple-window management
• TV output (composite video and S-video, NTSC and PAL)
• Full AGP 2X/AGP 4X support (up to 1GB/s bandwidth)
• 360MHz main RAMDAC and 230MHz secondary RAMDAC
• Support for all VESA standards:
❒ VBE 2.0 (Super VGA modes)
❒ DPMS energy saving
❒ DDC2B support for Plug & Play detection of monitor
• Support for true 32-bit color (16.7 million colors) at resolutions up to
2048 x 1536 on the main display.
• Support for monitors with 16/10 aspect ration, at resolutions up to
1920 x 1200 on the main display.
78
4 Interface Cards
Graphics Cards
3D Features
• VCQ2 or Vibrant Color Quality2
• Supports 32-bit Z buffering for exceptional rendering precision
• Environment-mapped bump mapping for more realistic 3D images
• Stencil buffering
• Bilinear, trilinear, and anisotropic filtering
• Single, double and triple buffering
• texture mapping
• MIP mapping
• Gouraud shading
• Alpha blending, anti-aliasing, fogging, specular highlighting.
NOTE
If only one monitor is used, then Port 1 must be used.
If a second monitor is connected, it is detected by the driver during the
operating system startup. This means that both monitors must be connected
to the graphics card before startup.
If only one monitor is detected, then only the mono head settings will be
available in the Driver Configuration screens.
79
4 Interface Cards
Graphics Cards
Available Video Resolutions
The number of colors supported is limited by the graphics device and the
video memory. The resolution/color/refresh-rate combination is limited by a
combination of the display driver, the graphics device, and the video
memory. If the resolution/refresh-rate combination is set higher than the
display can support, you risk damaging the display.
The following table summarizes the maximum supported resolutions.
Maximum Display Resolution
Aspect Ratio
Main Display
Second Display
Traditional
4:3 / 5:4 aspect ratio
2048 x 1536
1600 x 1200
Wide screen
16:9 / 16:10 aspect ratio
1920 x 1200
1600 x 1024
80
4 Interface Cards
Graphics Cards
The following table summarizes the maximum supported refresh rates.
The maximum refresh rates are always attainable with 8-bit or 16-bit color
but may not be attainable with 24-bit or 32-bit color.
Maximum Refresh Rates (Hz)
Aspect Ratio
Traditional
4:3 / 5:4 aspect ratio
Wide screen
16:9 / 16:10 aspect ratio
Main Display
(360MHz
RAMDAC)
Resolution
Second Display
(230MHz
RAMDAC)
640x480
200
200
800x600
200
200
1024x768
160
160
1152x864
140
150
1280x1024
120
120
1600x1200
100
75
1800x1440
85
—
1920x1440
85
—
2048x1536
85
—
856x480
200
200
1280x720
160
140
1600x1024
120
90
1920x1080
110
—
1920x1200
100
—
Limitations
• When using Windows 95 or Windows 98 in dual display mode, the graphics
memory is equally between the two displays. In this case each display has
16 MB graphics memory.
• The second display supports only 16-bit and 32-bit color.
• 3D acceleration is only available when using 16-bit and 32-bit color.
81
4 Interface Cards
Graphics Cards
nVIDIA GeForce2 GTS
S-Video Connector
VGA Connector
The nVIDIA GeForce2 GTS graphics card includes these features:
• VGA connector and S-Video connector for TV and video capability
• Resolutions of up to 2048 × 1536 pixels at 60Hz in 32-bit color
• 32 MB DDR SDRAM memory
• Supports AGP 2×/4×, AGP texturing and fast writes
• 256-bit 2D and 3D graphics engine
• 350 MHz RAMDAC
• 2.8 GB/s memory bandwidth
• High performance hardware anti-aliasing for smoother edges
• High quality HDTV/DVD playback
• High definition video processor
• Compatible with:
❒ OpenGL 1.2 (Windows 98, Windows NT4.0, Windows 2000 and Linux)
❒ Microsoft DirectX 7.0 (Windows 98 and Windows 2000)
• Standards: VESA DPMS, DDC2B, Plug & Play
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4 Interface Cards
Graphics Cards
3D Features
• Second Generation Transform and Lighting Engines
Dedicated, graphics-specific GPU frees PC’s main processor for other
tasks and provides faster transform and lighting processing.
• nVIDIA Shading Rasterizer
Provides natural visual properties such as cloud, smoke, water, textiles,
plastic to images.
• 32-bit Z/Stencil Buffer
Eliminates “polygon popping” problems in high-polygon 3D imaging.
• Cube environment mapping
• DirectX and S3TC texture compression
• 1600 Mtexel fill rate
• 25+ Mtriangles/second through T/L and setup.
Available Video Resolutions
The values in the table below are maximums, and may not be achievable
under all operating systems and conditions. If the resolution/refresh-rate
combination is set higher than the display can support, you risk damaging
the display.
The table below summarizes resolution and refresh rates with true color.
Resolution (true colour)
Max. Refresh Rates
640 x 480
120 Hz
800 x 600
120 Hz
1024 x 768
120 Hz
1152 x 864
120 Hz
1280 x 960
120 Hz
1280 x 1024
120 Hz
1600 x 1024
100 Hz
1600 x 1200
100 Hz
1920 x 1080
100 Hz
1920 x 1440
75 Hz
2048 x 1536
60 Hz
83
4 Interface Cards
Network Cards
Network Cards
The following network cards are supported:
• 3COM NIC LAN card
Most PC models are supplied with this card.
• Intel NIC LAN card.
3COM NIC (Network Interconnect) LAN Card
3COM NIC LAN Card Features
Feature
Description
Interface
32-bit 10/100 BT full duplex RJ LAN Port.
LED
Three LEDs:
•
•
•
activity,
10 MB/s speed,
100 MB/s speed.
Labels
PCI 2.2 Specification, PC 99, Intel WfM 2.0.
Power Management1
•
•
•
•
•
•
RPO and RWU for APM Windows 95 and Windows 98,
RWU for ACPI Windows 98 and Windows 2000,
RPO for Windows NT 4,
OnNow 1.0, APM 1.2,
PCI power management. 1.1,
WOL, PCI VccAux 3.3 V.
Manageability
DMI 2.0 Component Code.
Diagnostic
•
•
Mac address DOS report tool,
User Diag for DOS, Windows NT 4, Windows 95 and Windows 98.
Drivers
Major OSes, Minor OSes.
Boot ROM
Multiboot BootROM (BIOS or socket).
Remote Wake Up
(RWU)
This feature enables a host computer to remotely (over the network) power
on computers and wake computers up from energy-saving Sleep mode. For
these features to work, use the Setup program to configure the BIOS.
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4 Interface Cards
Network Cards
3COM LAN Card LED Descriptions
LED
Description
Flashing
Steady
Off
GREEN:
Link integrity
Reversed polarity
10 LNK
Good 10 Base-T
connection between
NIC and hub.
No connection
between NIC and
hub
GREEN:
Link integrity
Reversed polarity
100 LNK
Good 100 TX
connection between
NIC and hub.
No connection
between NIC and
hub
Yellow:
Port traffic for
either speed
Network traffic
present
Heavy network
traffic
No traffic
ACT
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4 Interface Cards
Network Cards
INTEL NIC (Network Interconnect) LAN Card
INTEL NIC LAN Card Features
Feature
Description
IEEE802.3 100 Base-TX
Interface
IEEE802.3 10 Base-T
32-bit 10/100 BT full duplex RJ LAN Port
Two LEDs:
LED
•
•
one for act/lnk (activity and link)
one for 10 MB operation (on = 100 MB, off = 10MB).
Labels
PCI 2.2 Specification, PC 99.
Power Management
•
•
•
•
•
•
Wfm 2.0 compliant
RPO and RWU for APM Windows 95 and Windows 98
OnNow 1.0, APM 1.2
PCI power management 1.1
VccAux s3.3 V support via PCI bus 2.2
VccAux 5 V support via 3-pin WOL.
Manageability
DMI 2.0 and DMI 2.0 SNMP mapper
Diagnostic
•
•
•
Windows and DOS based
Mac address DOS report tool
User Diag for DOS, Windows NT 4, Windows 95 and Windows 98.
Drivers
Major OSes, Minor OSes
Boot ROM
Onboard flash ROM
Remote Wake Up
(RWU)
This feature enables a host computer to remotely (over the network) power
on computers and wake computers up from energy-saving Sleep mode. For
these features to work, use the Setup program to configure the BIOS.
INTEL NIC LAN Card LED Descriptions
LED
On
Flashing
Off
ACT/LNK
Adapter and hub are
receiving power. Cable
connection is good.
Receiving or sending
packets
Adapter and hub are not
receiving power. Cable
connection could be faulty
or there is a driver
configuration problem.
100 TX
Operating at 100 Mbps
N/A
Operating at 10 Mbps
86
4 Interface Cards
SCSI Adapter Cards
SCSI Adapter Cards
Some PC models are supplied with an Ultra 160 SCSI PCI adapter card. Up
to a total of 15 devices (internal and external) can be supported by this
controllers via 16-bit Wide SCSI 68-pin high-density connectors.
Ultra 160 SCSI PCI Adapter Card
Internal U160 SCSI Connector
LED Activity Connector
External U160 SCSI Connector
The functionality and performance of the Ultra 160 SCSI PCI Adapter card
comes from the on-board LSI Logic SYM53C1010 PCI to Ultra 160
multifunction controller with LVD link universal transceivers.
The ability to automatically switch from a single-ended (SE) operation for
legacy Fast/Ultra devices to universal low voltage differential (LVD)
operation when Ultra 160 devices are connected is also provided by this
controller.
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4 Interface Cards
SCSI Adapter Cards
Hardware Features
Feature
PCI Bus Interface
Description
•
•
•
•
SCSI Bus
•
•
Complies with PCI 2.2 Specification
PCI is 64-bit, 33 MHz (runs at 32 bits in vl800)
Bus Mastering
Universal PCI signaling: operates on 3.3 V or 5 V buses.
16-bit Wide SCSI bus
LVD/SE SCSI bus.
•
160 MB/s (Synchronous) — Ultra 160 SCSI
80 MB/s (Synchronous) — Wide Ultra2 SCSI
40 MB/s (Synchronous) — Wide Ultra SCSI
20 MB/s (Synchronous) — Fast Wide SCSI
Asynchronous.
Number of SCSI Devices
•
15 on one SCSI channel
SCSI Connectors
•
•
One internal 68-pin high-density Wide SCSI connector
One external 68-pin high-density Wide SCSI connector.
LED Connectors
•
One 4-pin LED Activity connector
BIOS
•
On-board, upgradeable BIOS in Flash ROM
Serial EEProm
•
On-board serial EEProm for SCSI bus configuration storage
Operating Systems
•
Windows 9x, Windows NT4, Windows 2000
Supported SCSI Rates
•
•
•
•
Performance
• DMA bus mastering for low overhead with 64-bit burst data transfers at
PCI data transfer rates
• Zero wait state PCI transfers
• Up to 128-word PCI burst size to maximize PCI data transfer rate.
Ultra 160 SCSI PCI Adapter Card Installation
The Ultra 160 SCSI PCI Adapter card can be installed in any PCI slot. It
includes an internal SCSI cable.
A maximum of three devices can be connected inside the chassis. You can
also install external SCSI devices, for a total of up to 15 SCSI devices.
Connectivity
Enables both internal and external connection.
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4 Interface Cards
SCSI Adapter Cards
Internal Connection
The internal connector is a Wide SCSI 68-pin high-density connector. The
internal ribbon cable has to be connected to this connector.
External Connection
The external connector is located on the PCI bracket. It is a shielded Wide
SCSI 68-pin high-density connector. Any cable connected to this connector
must be shielded.
• When running in LVD mode, the external cable should not exceed 12 m
• When running in SE mode, the external cable should not exceed 1.5 m.
NOTE
When connecting an external SCSI device, you must terminate the SCSI bus
by fitting an external terminator.
Cables
Internal SCSI cable
The internal SCSI cable is supplied with an embedded multi-mode
terminator at one end of it.
LED Activity cable
The LED cable supplies SCSI LED activity to the front panel hard disk LED.
For this to work, the SCSI LED cable must be connected to the LED Activity
connector on the Ultra 160 SCSI PCI Adapter card (refer to graphic on page
87) and the SCSI LED connector on the system board.
The connectors on both ends of the cable are identical, hence they can be
connected to either connector.
SCSI LED
Connector
SCSI Controller
The SCSI controller characteristics are as follows:
• PCI 64-bit 33 MHz.
• SCSI Multimode LVD/SE.
SCSI Bus
• LVDlink™ transceivers meet all of the SPI-2 standard requirements.
• Uses LSI Logic TolerANT® active negation technology for improved
single-ended SCSI signal integrity.
• Pre-fetches up to 8 words of SCSI SCRIPTS® instructions to save PCI bus
overhead.
• Supports multithreaded I/O algorithms in SCSI SCRIPTS with fast I/O
context switching.
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4 Interface Cards
SCSI Adapter Cards
• Includes 8 KB of internal RAM for SCRIPTS instruction storage to reduce
or eliminate instruction fetches over the PCI bus.
• Provides data reliability and cable distance of differential SCSI without
cost of external differential transceivers.
• Improves connectivity (up to 15 LVD devices) and cable lengths (up to 12
meters with LVD SCSI bus). Longer cables may be possible in point-topoint connections.
• Supports SURElink (Ultra 160 SCSI Domain Validation) to ensure link
integrity at Ultra 160 transfer rates and to renegotiate to lower speed and
bus width if necessary.
PCI connector
• One 64-bit universal connector (supports both 5 V and 3.3 V signaling).
• Configured as a 15 W board (PRSNT1 and PRSNT2 grounded).
• The SCSI Adapter Card sink current on the 5 V power supplies lines. The
3.3 V is supplied by an on-board regulator.
PCI Bus
•
•
•
•
•
Complies with PCI Specification 2.2.
Supports 64-bit, 33 MHz PCI Bus.
Supports PCI write and invalidate, read line and read multiple commands.
Functions as full 64-bit PCI DMA Bus Master.
Operates on 3.3 V or 5 V PCI buses.
Terminators
• Three multi-mode SE/LVD active, auto-terminating terminators
• Auto-termination: terminators are active when one of the tow connectors
is used. If both connectors are used at the same time, terminators will
automatically switch to high impedance mode.
• The terminator will automatically detect the bus type (LVD or SE) and
switch to the right mode.
Flash memory
The flash memory stores the SCSI BIOS. Refer to the following section for
information about the Symbios SCSI Configuration Utility.
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4 Interface Cards
SCSI Adapter Cards
Symbios Configuration Utility (Ultra 160 Card)
The Symbios Configuration Utility lets you view and change the default
configuration for the host adapter, and all SCSI devices connected to it, or
for individual SCSI devices. If, while using this utility, you accidentally
disable all the controllers, pressing Ctrl-C during the POST (after the
memory test) lets you recover and configure settings.
Default Settings You Can Change
The following two tables show the configuration settings that can be
changed. The first table shows the global settings which impact the host
adapter and all SCSI devices connected to it (Adapter Properties menu).
The second table shows the device settings which apply to individual
devices (Device Properties menu).
Field
Default
Settings
Description
SCSI Parity
Yes
Host SCSI ID
7
Indicates the SCSI identifier of an adapter. It is not recommended to change the host adapter ID
from the default value of 7.
Low to High
(0 to Max)
Indicates the order in which to scan SCSI identifiers on an adapter. Changing this item will affect
drive letter assignment(s) if more than one device is attached to an adapter.
SCSI Bus Scan Order
Removable Media
Support
None
Indicates whether SCSI parity is enabled for an adapter. When disabled, it is also necessary to
disable disconnects for all devices, as parity checking for the reselection phase is not disabled. If a
non-parity generating device disconnects, its operation will never complete because the reselection
fails due to parity error.
Specifies the removable media support option for an adapter. Removable media support only applies
to devices that report themselves as a hard drive. It does not apply to CD-ROM devices or Magnetic
Optical devices.
None indicates no removable media support whether the drive is selected as first (BBS), or is first in
the scan order (non-BBS).
Boot Drive Only provides removable media support for a removable hard drive if it is first in the scan
order.
With Media Installed provides removable media support regardless of the drive number assignment.
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4 Interface Cards
SCSI Adapter Cards
Field
CHS Mapping
Default
Settings
SCSI Plug and
Play Mapping
Description
Defines the cylinder head sector (CHS) values that are mapped onto an un-partitioned disk.
SCSI Plug and Play Mapping automatically determines the most efficient and compatible mapping.
Alternate CHS Mapping utilizes an alternate, possibly less efficient mapping that may be required if a
device is moved between adapters from different vendors.
Caution:
on: Neither of these options has any effect after a disk has been partitioned using the FDISK
command. The FDISK utility is a tool that the user can use to delete partition entries, one or all of
them. If all partition entries are deleted, it is necessary to reboot to clear memory or the old
partitioning data will be reused, thus nullifying the previous operation. Use care to ensure that the
correct disk is the target of an FDISK command.
Spinup Delay (secs.)
2
Indicates the delay in seconds between spinups of devices attached to an adapter. Staggered spinups
balance the total electrical current load on the system during boot. The default value is 2 seconds.
Secondary Cluster
Server
No
Indicates whether an adapter has one or more devices attached that are shared with one or more
other adapters and therefore, the Symbios SCSI BIOS should avoid SCSI bus resets as much as
possible.
This option allows the user to enable an adapter to join a cluster of adapters without doing any SCSI
bus resets. This is a requirement for Microsoft Cluster Server. The default value is No with an
alternate option of Yes.
Termination Control
Auto
If available, the field indicates whether an adapter has automatic termination control.
Auto means that the adapter automatically determines whether it should enable or disable its
termination. Auto is the default state unless termination is done manually, in which case, the
configuration is Off.
MT/Sec
80
Indicates the maximum synchronous data transfer rate in megatransfers per second.
Data Width
16
Maximum data width in bits.
Scan ID
Yes
Indicates whether to scan for this SCSI identifier at boot time. Utilizing this setting allows you to
ignore a device. This decreases boot time by disabling inquiry of unused SCSI identifiers.
Set this option to No if there is a device that you do not want to be available to the system. Also, on
a bus with only a few devices attached, the user can speed up boot time by changing this setting to
No for all unused SCSI IDs.
Scan LUNs
Yes
Indicates whether to scan for LUNs greater than zero for a device. LUN 0 is always queried. This
option should be used if a multi-LUN device responds to unoccupied LUNs or if it is desired to reduce
the visibility of a multi-LUN device to LUN 0 only.
Set this option to No if you have problems with a device that responds to all LUNs whether they are
occupied or not. Also, if a SCSI device with multiple LUNs exists on your system but you do not want
all of those LUNs to be available to the system, then set this option to No. This will limit the scan to
LUN 0.
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4 Interface Cards
SCSI Adapter Cards
Field
Default
Settings
Description
Disconnect
On
Indicates whether to allow a device to disconnect during SCSI operations. Some (usually newer)
devices run faster with disconnect enabled, while some (usually older) devices run faster with
disconnect disabled.
SCSI Timeout
10
Indicates the maximum allowable time for completion of a SCSI operation in seconds.
Since time-outs provide a safeguard that allows the system to recover should an operation fail, it is
recommended that a value greater than zero be used. A value of zero allows unlimited time for an
operation to complete and could result in the system hanging (waiting forever) should an operation
fail.
Note: This field is executable and must be selected with the Enter key. You also input the new value
with the number keys from the keyboard, not the number pad.
Queue Tags
On
This field indicates whether to allow the use of queue tags for a device. Currently the BIOS does not
use queue tags. This item specifies queue tag control to higher level device drivers.
Starting the Symbios Configuration Utility
You access the Symbios Configuration Utility by pressing Ctrl-C when the
message Press Ctrl-C to start Symbios Configuration
Utility... is displayed during the PC’s start-up routine. A further
message is then displayed: Please wait, invoking Symbios
Configuration Utility... before the Main menu of the Symbios
Configuration utility appears.
NOTE
During PC startup, the PC reports the presence of two SCSI channels.
(Similarly, you will see two SCSI channels in the System configuration of the
Windows Control Panel.)
This is because there are two SCSI channels present in the SCSI card chip
logic, although only the first SCSI channel is active and usable with this model
of SCSI card.
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4 Interface Cards
Audio Card
Audio Card
Sound Blaster Live!
Some PC models have a Sound Blaster Live! audio card.
CD Audio In
Connector
Telephone Answering
Device (TAD)
Connector
PC Speaker
Connector
Auxiliary In
Connector
Digital CD
SPDIF In
Connector
Digital I/O
Line In
Microphone
Headset / Line Out (front)
Line Out (rear)
MIDI Connector
Features
• Cinema-Quality Audio Playback
The Sound Blaster Live audio card, when coupled with the appropriate
digital audio equipment, can rival the audio playback quality of cinemas
with digital sound.
94
4 Interface Cards
Audio Card
• Powerful Audio Processing Engine
The audio processor chip integrates music, audio and effects and is the
most powerful of its type. Audio signals are processed at 32-bit, 48kHz
with 8-point interpolation (which helps smoothen the sound).
• EAX™ Enhancement
Enhances existing audio (in applications, music, games) for increased
depth and realism.
• Multiple Speaker Output
Produces surround sound audio with support for 2 or 4 speakers. For full
3D audio, a 4.1 speaker system (satellites and a subwoofer) can be
connected.
• Digital I/O
The digital I/O connector can be used to carry a digital PCM signal (Pulse
Code Modulation, a standard way of encoding analog audio signals in
digital format), or for outputting AC-3 (also called Dolby Digital, encoding
for multi-channel audio) to a AC-3 decoder.
• 102424-Voice Music Synthesis
Enables the Sound Blaster card to produce better quality sound by using
multi-layering of instruments, playback of more instrument notes
simultaneously, and the “sustain effect”.
Connector Information
• Line Out Connectors
Speakers connected to the Line Out (front and rear) connectors must be
amplified. Headphones can alternatively be connected to the Line Out
(front) connector.
• TAD Connector
A voice-enabled internal modem with the appropriate software can be
connected to the Telephone Answering Device connector to provide an
answering machine service. (Cable is not provided.)
• Auxiliary In Connector
This is like an additional CD-In connector for analog audio input. It can be
used, for example, to connect another CD or DVD drive. (Cable is not
provided.)
• Digital CD SPDIF Conne
nnector
This connector can be used to record digital audio, from an audio CD for
example. (Cable is not provided.)
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4 Interface Cards
Audio Card
Audio Specifications
Line Out full scale output
2.0 Vrms
Frequency response at -1dB
10 Hz – 47 kHz
Signal-to-noise ratio
94 dB
THD (Total Harmonic Distortion) + noise
(A-weighted)
0.006%
Microphone input impedance
5.0 kΩ
Line In impedance
10 kΩ
CD audio input impedance
10 kΩ
CD audio input sensitivity
2.0 mV
Noise Floor (with all inputs on at rated power):
Front channel
Rear channel
-115 dB
-130 dB
96
5
Mass Storage Devices
This chapter describes the mass storage devices that are supplied with the
PC. For the position of the different mass storage devices, refer to page 13
for the Desktop and to page 31 for the Minitower.
HP product numbers and replacement part numbers for mass storage
devices are listed in the Service Handbook Chapters, which can be accessed
from HP’s web site at the following address:
www.hp.com/go/vectrasupport.
Information about available accessories can be obtained from:
www.hp.com/go/pcaccessories
Flexible Disk Drives
A 3.5-inch, 1.44 MB flexible disk drive is supplied in the front-access shelf.
97
5 Mass Storage Devices
Hard Disk Drives
Hard Disk Drives
The following table lists the 3.5-inch (1-inch high) hard disk drives that can
be supplied in the HP Vectra VL800 Desktop PC. Hard disk drives are
connected to the SCSI or IDE controller. The hard drive information and
hard drives themselves are subject to change. Type and quantity depends on
model.
NOTE
Connect any ATA/33 or ATA/66 devices to the second channel of the PC’s
IDE controller. If you connect a ATA/33 or ATA/66 device to the same
channel as the ATA/100 hard disk drive, the whole channel will slow down to
match the speed of the slower device.
IDE Hard Disk Drives
IBM Deskstar™,
Maxtor DiamondMax®
or Seagate Barracuda
IDE HDD (7.2 krpm)
IBM Deskstar™,
Maxtor DiamondMax®
or Seagate Barracuda
IDE HDD (7.2 krpm)
Capacity
20.5 GB
40 GB
Interface
UltraIDE ATA/100
UltraIDE ATA/100
External peak transfer rate
100 MB/s
100 MB/s
Average seek time (read)
8.5 ms
8.5 ms
Media transfer rate (Mb/s)
444 Mb/s max.
444 Mb/s max.
Number of discs/heads
2/3
3/6
Buffer size
2 MB
2 MB
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5 Mass Storage Devices
Hard Disk Drives
SCSI Hard Disk Drives
This information is subject to change.
Quantum
Atlas 10K II
SCSI (10 krpm)
Quantum
Atlas 10K II
SCSI (10 krpm)
Quantum
Atlas 10K II
SCSI (10 krpm)
Capacity
9.2 GB
18.4 GB
36.7 GB
Interface
Ultra160 SCSI
Ultra160 SCSI
Ultra160 SCSI
External peak transfer rate
160 MB/s
160 MB/s
160 MB/s
Average seek time (read)
4.7 ms
4.7 ms
4.7 ms
Internal data rate (Mb/s)
280 Mb/s min. to
478 Mb/s max.
280 Mb/s min. to
478 Mb/s max.
280 Mb/s min. to
478 Mb/s max.
Number of discs/heads
2/3
3/6
5/10
Buffer size
8 MB
8 MB
8 MB
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5 Mass Storage Devices
Optical Drives
Optical Drives
IDE 48X CD-ROM Drive
Some models1 have a 48X IDE CD-ROM drive supplied in a 5.25-inch
front-access shelf, supporting ATAPI commands. It can read any CD-ROM
(data) disc. It also has audio playback capability and can play and standard
audio CDs. It conforms to optical and mechanical standards as specified in
the Red, Yellow, Orange and Green Books.
Some of the 48X IDE CD-ROM features include:
• Application Disk type (confirmed by Red, Yellow, Green, Orange Book)
• CD-ROM data disk (Mode 1 and Mode 2)
• Photo-CD Multisession
• CD Audio disc
• Mixed mode CD-ROM disc (data and audio)
• CD-ROM XA, CD-I, CD-Extra, CD-R, CD-RW
Description
Data capacity
Data transfer rate
650 MB
Sustained transfer rate (1X=150 KB/s); Outerside: 7,200 KB/s
Burst transfer rate:
Buffer memory size
Access time
Rotational speed
Interface
Power requirements
PIO mode 4 - 16.6 Mbytes/s maximum
Single Word DMA Mode 2 - 8.3 Mbytes/s maximum
Multi Word DMA Mode 2 - 16.6 Mbytes/s maximum
128 Kbytes
Average Stroke (1 / 3) 110 ms
Full Stroke 180 ms
2,048 bytes (Mode-1)
2,336 bytes (Mode-2)
ATAPI
5V, 1.2A
12V, 0.8A
1. Refer to the Service Handbook chapter (available at www.hp.com/go/
vectrasupport) to find out which models are installed with this optical drive.
100
5 Mass Storage Devices
Optical Drives
12X Video IDE DVD-ROM Drive
Some models1 have a DVD-ROM (Read Only) drive. It can play any standard
audio CDs and DVD movies (with the same regional code). It can read any
CD-ROM and DVD-ROM (data) discs. It also has audio playback capability
and can play and standard audio CDs. It conforms to optical and mechanical
standards as specified in the Red, Yellow, Orange and Green Books.
Description
Data capacity
Sustained data transfer rate
DVD-R/DVD-RAM:
Up to 4.7 Gbytes/side
CD-ROM:
650 MB
DVD-ROM:
16.6 Mbytes/s (DVD single layer)
11.0 Mbytes/s (DVD dual layer)
CD-ROM:
6.0 Mbytes/s max.
Buffer memory size
High Speed Access
DVD-RAM:
2.77 Mbytes/s typical
512 Kbytes
DVD-ROM:
Random access time 120 ms typical (DVD single layer)
CD-ROM:
Random access time 90 ms typical
Rotational speed
DVD-RAM:
210 ms typical (1/3 stroke)
DVD-ROM:
5 to 12X max. full CAV (DVD single layer)
3.3 to 8X max. full CAV (DVD dual layer)
CD-ROM:
17 to 40X max. full CAV
Interface
Power requirements
DVD-RAM:
2X ZCLV
ATAPI
+5V ±5%
+12V ±10%
1. Refer to the Service Handbook chapter (available at www.hp.com/go/
vectrasupport) to find out which models are installed with this optical drive.
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5 Mass Storage Devices
Optical Drives
8X IDE CD-Writer Plus Drive
Some models1 have a CD-RW (ReWritable) drive supplied in a 5.25-inch
front-access shelf, supporting ATAPI commands. It can read any CD-ROM
(data) disc. It also has audio playback capability and can play and standard
audio CDs. It can record both write-once (CD-R) and CD-RW optical media.
It conforms to optical and mechanical standards as specified in the Red,
Yellow, Orange and Green Books.
Description
Data capacity
650 MB or up to 74 minutes of audio per disc
Performance
547MB in CD-UDF data format
Typical: 110 ms (random, 1/3 access including latency)
Burst transfer rate
Spin-up time
Spin-down time
Corrected error rate
Maximum: 130 ms (random, 1/3 access including latency)
Data transfer rate:
Read: Up to 32X (1X=150 KB/s)
Write: 8X (CD-R); 4X (CD-RW)
16.67 Mbytes/sec.
3.2 seconds (disk stop to high speed)
2.5 seconds (disk high speed to stop)
ECC On (max. 32X): 1 block/1012 bits
Data Buffer Capacity
Write methods
Format and EEC standard
MTBF
Interface
ECC Off (max. 32X): 1 block/109 bits
2 MB
- Track at once
- Session at once
- Disc at once
- Variable packet writing
- Fixed packet writing
- Multisession
Red, Yellow, Orange, Green books
120,000 POH
E-IDE and ATAPI
1. Refer to the Service Handbook chapter (available at www.hp.com/go/
vectrasupport) to find out which models are installed with this optical drive.
102
6
HP BIOS
This chapter describes the Setup program and BIOS. The POST routines are
described in the next chapter.
103
6 HP BIOS
Introducing the Vectra VL800 BIOS
Introducing the Vectra VL800 BIOS
The BIOS is based on the core Phoenix BIOS, which includes 4 Mbits of flash
memory, support for PCI 2.2 Specification, suspend to RAM and RIMM
memory modules.
The BIOS includes a Boot ROM for the 3COM 3C905C LAN card.
The system ROM contains the POST (Power-On Self-Test) routines, and the
BIOS, which consists of the system BIOS, video BIOS, and low option ROM.
This and the next chapter give an overview of the following:
• Menu-driven Setup with context-sensitive help
• The address space, with details of the interrupts used
• The Power-On Self-Test or POST, which is the sequence of tests the
computer performs to ensure that the system is functioning correctly.
The system BIOS is identified by the version number IQ.01.xx.yy, where:
•
•
•
•
IQ indicates that it is for the HP Vectra VL800
01 indicates that it is a Vectra PC
xx is the BIOS release version
yy indicates the language of the BIOS, for example, US for international
English, IT for Italian.
An example of a released version would look similar to the following the
example: IQ.01.04.US.
The procedure for updating the system ROM firmware is described on
page 113.
104
6 HP BIOS
Using the HP Setup Program
Using the HP Setup Program
To run the Setup program, press F2 while the initial HP logo is displayed,
immediately after restarting the PC.
Alternatively, press Esc to view the summary configuration screen. By
default, this remains on the screen for 15 seconds, but pressing any key will
override this delay. It is not possible to hold the summary configuration
screen indefinitely on the screen.
The following menus appear at the top of the screen: Main, Advanced,
Security, Boot, Power and Exit. These are selected using the left and right
arrow keys.
The following screens are examples of a BIOS configuration.
Main Screen
The Main Screen presents a list of fields. To change a value press either the
or
keys.
Main
F1
Advanced
PhoenixBIOS Setup Utility
Security
Boot
BIOS Version:
IQ.01.06
PnP OS
Reset Configuration Data:
[No]
[No]
System Time:
System Date:
[14:42:33]
[02/08/2000]
Key Click:
Keyboard auto-repeat rate
speed:
Delay before auto-repeat:
Numlock at Power-on:
[Disabled]
[21.8 per Second]
Help
‚
ESC Exit
Power
Exit
Item-Specific Help
.
[0.50 Second]
[On]
Select Item
Select Menu
F7/
Change Values
F8
Ente
Select > Sub-Menu
r
F9
F10
Setup
Defaults
Previous
Values
105
6 HP BIOS
Using the HP Setup Program
Advanced Screen
The Advanced Screen does not have the same structure as the Main Screen
and Power Screen. Instead of presenting a list of fields, it offers a list of submenus.
The Advanced screen is for advanced users who wish to carry out special
system configurations.
Main
Advanced
>
Processors, Memory and Cache
>
Floppy Disk Drives
>
IDE Devices
>
Integrated USB Interface
>
Integrated I/O Ports
>
Integrated Audio Device
>
AGP Configuration (Video)
>
PCI Device, slot #1
>
PCI Device, slot #2
>
PCI Device, slot #3
>
PCI Device, slot #4
>
PCI Device, slot #5
106
Security
Boot
Power
Exit
Item-Specific Help
.
6 HP BIOS
Using the HP Setup Program
Processors, Memory and Cache
Advanced
Processors, Memory and Cache
1.
Processor Type
CPU Speed
Microcode version
Pentium (R) 4
1400 MHz
F07/7
Memory Caching
Memory Error Checking1
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
Item-Specific Help
Only if ECC modules are detected.
Floppy Disk Drives
Advanced
Floppy Disk Drives
Floppy Disk Controller
Floppy Disk Drive A
Floppy Disk Drive B
Item-Specific Help
[Enabled]
[1.44, 3½”]
[Not installed]
107
6 HP BIOS
Using the HP Setup Program
IDE Devices
Advanced
IDE Devices
>
IDE Primary Master Device
[None]
>
IDE Primary Slave Device
[None]
>
IDE Secondary Master Device
[None]
>
IDE Secondary Slave Device
[None]
>
Large Disk Access Method
[NT/DOS]
>
Integrated IDE Controller
[Both Enabled]
IDE Primary Master Device
Advanced
IDE Primary Master Device (HD 2564)
Item-Specific Help
Item-Specific Help
Type
Multisector transfer
LBA Mode Control
32 bit I/O
Transfer Mode
ULTRA DMA Mode
Integrated USB Interface
Advanced
Integrated USB Interface
USB Controller
Legacy Keyboard Emulation
108
[Auto]
[Disabled]
Item-Specific Help
6 HP BIOS
Using the HP Setup Program
Integrated I/O Ports
Advanced
Integrated I/O Ports
Parallel Port
Parallel Port Mode
Serial Port A
Serial Port B
Item-Specific Help
[Auto]
[ECP]
[Auto]
[Auto]
Integrated Audio Device
Advanced
Integrated Audio Device
Integrated Audio
Item-Specific Help
[Auto]
AGP Configuration (Video)
Advanced
AGP Configuration (Video)
Graphic Aperture
Item-Specific Help
[64 MB]
PCI Device, Slot #1
Advanced
PCI Device, Slot 11
Option ROM Scan
Bus Master
Bus Latency Timer
1.
Item-Specific Help
[Auto]
[Disabled]
[0040h]
Other PCI slots have the same options as above. PCI Device, slot 1 is only used as an example.
109
6 HP BIOS
Using the HP Setup Program
Security Screen
Sub-menus are presented for changing the characteristics and values of the
System Administrator Password, User Password, Power-on Password, boot
device security and Hardware Protection.
Main
>
Advanced
Security
Administrator Password
Set Administrator Password
Clear Both Passwords
Clear
[Enter]
[Enter]
User Password
Set User Password
Clear
[Enter]
Power-on Password
[Disabled]
Start from Floppy
Start from CD-ROM
Start from HDD
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
Boot
Power
Exit
Item-Specific Help
Hardware Protection
Hardware Protection
Security
Hardware Protection
Integrated Flexible Disk Controller
Flexible Disks
[Unlocked]
Write on Floppy Disks
[Unlocked]
Integrated IDE Controller
Hard Disks / CD-ROM
Hard Disk Boot Sector
[Unlocked]
[Unlocked]
Integrated Data Communications Ports
Serial Port A
[Unlocked]
Serial Port B
[Unlocked]
Parallel Port
[Unlocked]
Secured Setup Configuration
110
[No]
Item-Specific Help
6 HP BIOS
Using the HP Setup Program
Boot Screen
This screen allows you to select the order of the devices which the PC
attempts to boot from:
• Hard disk drives
• Removable devices.
The operating system assigns drive letters to these devices in the order you
specify. During POST, if the BIOS is unsuccessful at booting from one device,
it will then attempt to boot from the next device on the Boot Device Priority list until
an operating system is found.
Main
Advanced
Security
Boot
Power
Exit
Item-Specific Help
Quickboot Mode
[Enabled]
Display Option ROM Messages [Enabled]
>
>
>
Boot Device Priority
Hard Disk Drives
Removable Devices
111
6 HP BIOS
Using the HP Setup Program
Power Screen
This screen allows you to set the standby delay and suspend delay. Standby
mode slows down the processor, while the suspend mode saves a maximum
of energy.
Modem ring enables or disables the system to return to full speed when an
IRQ is generated. Network interface enables or disables the system to return
to full speed when a specific command is received by the network interface.
Main
Advanced
Power-on
Integrated Network
112
Security
[Disabled]
Boot
Power
Exit
Item-Specific Help
6 HP BIOS
Updating the System BIOS
Updating the System BIOS
The latest system BIOS (standard flash operation) can be downloaded from
HP’s Support Web site at: www.hp.com/go/vectrasupport. Then select HP
Vectra VL800 PC.
Instructions on updating the BIOS are supplied with the downloaded BIOS
files and a BIOS flash utility (phlash.exe).
The BIOS update not only flashes the BIOS, but also updates hardware
monitoring firmware. How the System BIOS flash is carried out is shown
below.
Boot from
floppy disk*
Flash BIOS
Reboot PC
(press a key)
Automatic update of
hardware monitoring
firmware
PC powers off
automatically
PC powers on
automatically
PC Boots
* It is also possible to flash the BIOS from the operating system.
Do not switch off the computer until the system BIOS update procedure has
completed, successfully or not, otherwise irrecoverable damage to the
system board may be caused.
113
6 HP BIOS
Restoring BIOS Default Settings
Restoring BIOS Default Settings
Suspected hardware errors may be caused by BIOS and configuration
issues. If the BIOS settings are suspected to be wrong, do the following steps
to restore the BIOS to its default setting:
while the initial HP logo is displayed immediately after
1 Press
restarting the PC to access the Setup program.
to load the default settings from the Setup program.
2 Press
3 Set the “Reset Configuration Data” to Yes in the Main menu.
It is recommended that before you make any modifications to the BIOS
you take note of the system setup.
114
6 HP BIOS
If You Forgot the Administrator Password
If You Forgot the Administrator Password
1 Switch off the PC and remove the power cord.
2 Remove the PC’s cover.
3 Set switch 9 on the system board switch block to the ON position.
4 Replace the power cord and restart the PC.
5 When the message Passwords have been cleared appears on screen,
switch off the PC.
6 Remove the power cord and reset switch 9 back to the OFF position.
7 Replace the PC’s cover.
8 Switch on the PC and allow it to complete its startup routine.
9 After the Power-On-Self-Test has completed, press F2 when prompted to
use the Setup program.
10 Set the Administrator and new User passwords.
11 Press Esc, or F3, or select Exit Menu, to save the new Password and
exit Setup.
115
6 HP BIOS
Clearing the CMOS
Clearing the CMOS
1 Turn off the PC, disconnect the power cord and all cables, then remove
the cover.
2 Set the system board switch 8 to the ON position.
3 Replace the cover, and reconnect the power cord and video cable.
4 Reboot the PC. A message similar to the following will be
displayed:
“Configuration has been cleared, set switch Clear to the ON position
before rebooting.”
5 Turn off the PC, disconnect the power cord and video cable, and remove
the cover.
6 Set the system board switch 8 to the OFF position.
7 Replace the cover, and reconnect the power cord and data cables.
8 Switch on the PC. Run the Setup program by pressing F2. Then press F9,
the CMOS default values will be automatically downloaded and saved.
9 Press Esc to save the configuration and exit from the Setup program.
116
6 HP BIOS
Recovering the BIOS (Crisis Mode)
Recovering the BIOS (Crisis Mode)
If for some reason the BIOS is corrupted and the standard flash cannot be
used, use the BIOS Recovery Mode (exceptional BIOS recovery operation)
to restore the BIOS. To do this:
1 Obtain a bootable DOS floppy disk.
2 Copy the BIOS files on to the floppy disk.
How to download the system BIOS is described on page 113.
3 Create (or edit) the file, AUTOEXEC.BAT
This should contain a single line of text:
“phlash /c /mode=3 /s IQ0105US.FUL”
(rename the BIOS filename with the one on the floppy disk).
4 Power off the PC and remove the power cord.
5 Remove the cover.
6 Set switch 7 to the ON position.
7 Insert the floppy disk into the floppy disk drive.
8 Reconnect the power cord and switch on the PC.
9 The PC boots from the floppy disk, then flashes the BIOS. However, it
should be noted, that during the flash process, the screen
remains blank.
10 The recovery process is finished when there is one very long beep.
11 Power off the PC. Remove the floppy disk from the drive.
Remove the power cord.
12 Set switch 7 back to the OFF position.
13 Replace the cover, reconnect the power cord, then reboot the PC.
117
6 HP BIOS
BIOS Addresses
BIOS Addresses
This section provides a summary of the main features of the HP system
BIOS. This is software that provides an interface between the computer
hardware and the operating system.The procedure for updating the System
ROM firmware is described on page 113.
HP I/O Port Map (I/O Addresses Used by the System1)
Peripheral devices, accessory devices and system controllers are accessed
via the system I/O space, which is not located in system memory space. The
64 KB of addressable I/O space comprises 8-bit and 16-bit registers (called
I/O ports) located in the various system components. When installing an
accessory board, ensure that the I/O address space selected is in the free
area of the space reserved for accessory boards (100h to 3FFh).
Default Values for
I/O Address Ports
0000 - 000F
0020 - 0021
002E - 002F
0040 - 0043
0060, 0064
0061
0070
0081 - 0083, 008F
0092
00A0 - 00A1
00C0 - 00DF
00F0 - 00FF
0170 - 0177
01F0 - 01F7
0278 - 027F
02E8 - 02EF
02F8 - 02FF
0372 - 0377
1.If configured.
118
Function
DMA controller 1
Master interrupt controller (8259)
Super I/O
Timer 1
Keyboard controller (reset, slow A20)
Port B (speaker, NMI status and control)
Bit 7: NMI mask register
DMA low page register
PS/2 reset and Fast A20
Slave interrupt controller
DMA controller 2
Co-processor error
Free (IDE secondary channel)
IDE primary channel
LPT 2
Serial port 4 (COM4)
Serial port 2 (COM2)
Free (IDE secondary channel, secondary floppy disk drive)
6 HP BIOS
BIOS Addresses
Default Values for
I/O Address Ports
0378 - 037F
03B0 - 03DF
03F0 - 03F5
03F6
03F7
03F8 - 03FF
04D0 - 04D1
0778 - 077F
0CF8 - 0CFF
C000 -
Function
LPT1
VGA
Floppy disk drive controller
IDE primary channel
Floppy disk drive controller
COM1
Interrupt edge/level control
LPT1 ECP
PCI configuration space
Power Management I/O space and ACPI Registers
DMA Channel Controllers
Only “I/O-to-memory” and “memory-to-I/O” transfers are allowed.
“I/O-to-I/O” and “memory-to-memory” transfers are disallowed by the
hardware configuration.
The system controller supports seven DMA channels, each with a page
register used to extend the addressing range of the channel to 16 MB.
The following table summarizes how the DMA channels are allocated.
DMA controller
Channel
Function
DMA 0
Free
DMA 1
Free if not used for parallel port in Setup
DMA 2
Floppy disk drive controller
DMA 3
Free if not used for parallel port in Setup
DMA 4
Used to cascade DMA channels 0-3
DMA 5
Free
DMA 6
Free
DMA 7
Free
119
6 HP BIOS
BIOS Addresses
Interrupt Controllers
The system has an Interrupt controller which is equivalent in function to
that of two 82C59 interrupt controllers. The following table shows how the
interrupts are connected to the APIC controller. The Interrupt Requests
(IRQ) are numbered sequentially, starting with the master controller, and
followed by the slave (both of 82C59 type).
I/O APIC
Input
120
IRQ
Interrupt Request Description
INTIN0
ICH
INTIN1
IRQ1
Super I/O Keyboard Controller
INTIN2
IRQ0
ICH System Timer
INTIN3
IRQ3
Super I/O - Used by serial port if enabled
INTIN4
IRQ4
Super I/O - Used by serial port if enabled
INTIN5
IRQ5
Free if not used for parallel port or audio
INTIN6
IRQ6
Super I/O - Floppy Disk Controller
INTIN7
IRQ7
Super I/O - LPT1
INTIN8
IRQ8
ICH - RTC
INTIN9
IRQ9
Available for PCI devices
INTIN10
IRQ10
Available for PCI devices
INTIN11
IRQ11
Available for PCI devices
INTIN12
IRQ12
Super I/O - Mouse
INTIN13
IRQ13
Co-processor
INTIN14
IRQ14
ICH - Integrated IDE Controller (primary)
INTIN15
IRQ15
ICH - Integrated IDE Controller (secondary).
INTIN16
PCINTA
INTIN17
PCINTB
INTIN18
PCINTC
INTIN19
PCINTD
INTIN20
TFPC IRQ
INTIN21
SCI IRQ
INTIN22
not connected
INTIN23
ICH SMI
(not used)
6 HP BIOS
BIOS Addresses
There are three major interrupt modes available:
• PIC mode
This “Legacy” mode uses only the interrupt controllers. This mode can be
selected upon installation of Windows NT.
• Virtual wire mode
This mode is implemented using the 82C59 interrupt and the I/O APIC
controller and is used during boot time. The virtual wire mode allows the
transition to the “symmetric I/O mode”.
• Symmetric I/O mode
This mode is implemented using the I/O APIC controller.
NOTE
In “PIC mode” and “virtual wire mode”, the PCI interrupts are routed to the
INT line. In the “symmetric I/O mode”, the PCI interrupts are routed to the
I/O APIC controllers and forwarded over an GTL bus to the processor.
PCI Interrupt Request Lines
PCI devices generate interrupt requests using up to four PCI interrupt
request lines (INTA#, INTB#, INTC#, and INTD#).
PCI interrupts can be shared; several devices can use the same interrupt.
However, optimal system performance is reached when minimizing the
sharing of interrupts. Refer to page 74 for a table of the PCI device
interrupts.
121
6 HP BIOS
BIOS Addresses
122
7
Tests and Error Messages
This chapter describes the firmware test sequences and error
messages, the pre-boot diagnostics error codes, the Power-On Self-Test
(POST) routines, which are contained in the computer’s ROM BIOS, the
error messages which can result, and the suggestions for corrective action.
Test Sequence and Error Messages
When the PC is turned on (pressing the ON/OFF button), the system
initiates the normal startup sequence which is composed of the following
steps:
•
•
•
•
Basic pre-boot diagnostics
BIOS launch
POST phase
Operating System boot phase
If any errors are detected during the startup sequence, the PC will not
necessarily come to a halt or ‘freeze’. However, some critical hardware
errors are fatal to the system and prevent the system from starting (for
example, ‘CPU Socket’ and ‘Power Supply’ are serious malfunctions that
prevent the system from working correctly).
Errors that are not critical are detected both during pre-boot diagnostics
and POST where the BIOS boot process returns an error code. Some errors
are only detected during POST sequence, and produce the same process.
Finally, while the PC is working, fan status and PC temperature can be
reported (for example, a fan error will be reported if a fan cable is not
connected). This type of error disappears as soon as the problem is fixed
(for example, the fan cable has been reconnected).
The diagnostic test are described below.
123
7 Tests and Error Messages
Test Sequence and Error Messages
Basic Pre-boot Diagnostics
The first diagnostic test (called basic pre-boot diagnostics) is run to check
the presence of the processor or terminators, power supply, hardware
monitoring and thermal sensors. Simply having a power cord connected to
the PC activates the Basic Pre-boot Diagnostics.
The pre-boot diagnostic tests are run in order of priority with respect to
their importance to computer functions.
The following diagram shows how the Pre-boot Diagnostics works when it
encounters an error.
Pre-boot Diagnostics Error Codes (Beep Codes)
When a failure occurs prior to operating system loading, the PC emits a
distinctive modulated sound (repeated three times), followed by a series of
beeps. These beeps identify the part that needs troubleshooting or
replacement.
Number
of beeps
124
Problem
1
Absent or incorrectly connected processor
2
Power supply is in protected mode
3
Memory modules not present, incompatible or not functioning
4
Video controller failure
5
PnP/PCI initialization failure
6
Corrupted BIOS. You need to activate crisis recovery procedure
7
System board failure
7 Tests and Error Messages
Test Sequence and Error Messages
Post Test Sequence and Post Error
In this phase, the PC waits for any error messages that the BIOS may issue.
If such an error occurs, then an error code is displayed on the monitor
screen.
The following diagrams show the different BIOS-generated errors.
Test
Beep Codes
Action to Take
Incompatible memory modules
•
Presence of continuity modules in the RIMM
sockets
•
Compatibility speed rating of installed RDRAM
modules
3
•
•
Compatibility of installed RDRAM modules
Check that the memory modules are
of the same speed and type
Check that the RDRAM continuity
modules are installed
Check that the installed RDRAM
modules have the same speed ratings
Check that the memory modules are
correctly installed
Presence of memory modules
Availability of video controller. It is checked by
the BIOS. If an error is detected, it is not a fatal
one and the BIOS will continue its execution
normally.
Check that the video controller is
correctly installed.
4
Note: No error is detected if a monitor is
not connected to an installed video
controller. This is not a fatal error and
the BIOS will continue its normal
execution.
125
7 Tests and Error Messages
Order in Which POST Tests Are Performed
Order in Which POST Tests Are Performed
Each time the system is powered on, or a reset is performed, the POST is
executed. The POST process verifies the basic functionality of the system
components and initializes certain system parameters.
The POST starts by displaying the HP PC logo when the PC is restarted. If
you wish to view the POST details, press Esc to get the HP Summary
Screen.
If the POST detects an error, the screen switches to text mode, and a
detailed error message is displayed inside a view system errors screen, in
which the error message utility (EMU) not only displays the error diagnosis,
but the suggestions for corrective action (refer to page 134 for a brief
summary).
Devices such as memory and newly installed hard disks, are configured
automatically. The user is not requested to confirm the change.
During the POST, the BIOS and other ROM data are copied into high-speed
shadow RAM. The shadow RAM is addressed at the same physical location
as the original ROM in a manner which is completely transparent to
applications. It therefore appears to behave as very fast ROM. This
technique provides faster access to the system BIOS firmware.
The following table lists the POST checkpoint codes and their associated
beeps. Refer to page 124 for more details about pre-boot diagnostics error
codes.
Checkpoint
Code
126
POST Routine Description
02h
Verify Real Mode
03h
Disable Non-Maskable Interrupt (NMI)
04h
Get CPU type
06h
Initialize system hardware
08h
Initialize chipset with initial POST values
09h
Set IN POST flag
Beep
Code
7 Tests and Error Messages
Order in Which POST Tests Are Performed
Checkpoint
Code
POST Routine Description
0Ah
Initialize CPU registers
0Bh
Enable CPU cache
0Ch
Initialize caches to initial POST values
0Eh
Initialize I/O component
0Fh
Initialize the local bus IDE
10h
Initialize Power Management
11h
Load alternate registers with initial POST values
12h
Restore CPU control word during warm boot
13h
Initialize PCI Bus Mastering devices
14h
Initialize keyboard controller
16h
BIOS ROM checksum
17h
Initialize cache before memory autosize
18h
8254 timer initialization
1Ah
8237 DMA controller initialization
1Ch
Reset Programmable Interrupt Controller
20h
Test RDRAM refresh
22h
Test 8742 keyboard controller
24h
Set ES segment register to 4 GB
26h
Enable A20 line
28h
Autosize RDRAM
29h
Initialize POST Memory Manager
2Ah
Clear 512 KB base RAM
2Ch
RAM failure on address line 1
2Eh
RAM failure on data bits xxxx1 of low byte of memory bus
2Fh
Enable cache before system BIOS shadow
Beep
Code
3
127
7 Tests and Error Messages
Order in Which POST Tests Are Performed
Checkpoint
Code
POST Routine Description
30h
RAM failure on data bits xxxx1 of high byte of memory bus
32h
Test CPU bus-clock frequency
33h
Initialize POST Dispatch Manager
36h
Warm start shut down
38h
Shadow system BIOS ROM
3Ah
Autosize cache
3Ch
Advanced configuration of chipset registers
3Dh
Load alternate registers with CMOS values
42h
Initialize interrupt vectors
45h
POST device initialization
46h
Check ROM copyright notice
48h
Check video configuration against CMOS
49h
Initialize PCI bus and devices
5
4Ah
Initialize all video adapters in system
4
4Bh
Display QuietBoot screen (optional)
4Ch
Shadow video BIOS ROM
4Eh
Display BIOS copyright notice
50h
Display CPU type and speed
51h
Initialize EISA board
52h
Test keyboard
54h
Set key click if enabled
56h
Enable keyboard
58h
Test for unexpected interrupts
59h
Initialize POST display service
5Ah
Display prompt “Press F2 to enter SETUP”
128
Beep
Code
7 Tests and Error Messages
Order in Which POST Tests Are Performed
Checkpoint
Code
POST Routine Description
5Bh
Disable CPU cache
5Ch
Test RAM between 512 and 640 KB
60h
Test extended memory
62h
Test extended memory address lines
64h
Jump to UserPatch1
66h
Configure advanced cache registers
68h
Enable external and CPU caches
69h
Setup System Management Mode (SMM) area
6Ah
Display external L2 cache size
6Ch
Display shadow-area message
6Eh
Display possible high address for UMB recovery
70h
Display error messages
72h
Check for configuration errors
76h
Check for keyboard errors
7Ch
Set up hardware interrupt vectors
7Eh
Initialize coprocessor if present
80h
Disable onboard Super I/O ports and IRQs
81h
Late POST device initialization
82h
Detect and install external RS 232 ports
83h
Configure non-MCD IDE controllers
84h
Detect and install external parallel ports
85h
Initialize PC-compatible PnP ISA devices
86h
Re-initialize onboard I/O ports
87h
Configure System Board Configurable Devices (optional)
88h
Initialize BIOS Data Area
Beep
Code
129
7 Tests and Error Messages
Order in Which POST Tests Are Performed
Checkpoint
Code
130
POST Routine Description
89h
Enable Non-Maskable Interrupts (NMIs)
8Ah
Initialize Extended BIOS Data Area
8Bh
Test and initialize PS/2
8Ch
Initialize floppy controller
8Fh
Determine number of ATA drives (optional)
90h
Initialize hard disk controllers
91h
Initialize local-bus hard disk controllers
92h
Jump to UsersPatch2
95h
Install CD-ROM for boot
96h
Clear huge ES segment register
98h
Search for option ROMs.
99h
Check for SMART drive
9Ah
Shadow option ROMs
9Ch
Set up Power Management
9Dh
Initialize security engine (optional)
9Eh
Enable hardware interrupts
9Fh
Determine number of ATA and SCSI drives
A0h
Set time of day
A2h
Check key lock
A4h
Initialize typematic rate
A8h
Erase F2 prompt
AAh
Scan for F2 key stroke
ACh
Enter SETUP
AEh
Clear Boot flag
B0h
Check for errors
Beep
Code
7 Tests and Error Messages
Order in Which POST Tests Are Performed
Checkpoint
Code
POST Routine Description
B2h
POST done - prepare to boot operating system
B5H
Terminate QuietBoot (optional)
B6h
Check password (optional)
B7h
ACPI tables initialized
B8h
Clear global descriptor table
B9h
Prepare Boot
BAh
Initialize DMI parameters
BBh
Initialize PnP Option ROMs
BCh
Clear parity checkers
BDh
Display MultiBoot menu
BEh
Clear screen (optional)
BFh
Check virus and backup reminders
C0h
Try to boot with INT 19
C1h
Initialize POST Error Manager (PEM)
C2h
Initialize error logging
C3h
Initialize error display function
C4h
Initialize system error handling
C5h
PnPnd dual CMOS (optional)
C6h
Initialize notebook docking (optional)
C7h
Initialize notebook docking late
C8h
Force check (optional)
C9h
Extended checksum (optional)
D2h
Unknown Interupt
Beep
Code
The following are for boot block in Flash ROM
E0h
Initialize the chipset
131
7 Tests and Error Messages
Order in Which POST Tests Are Performed
Checkpoint
Code
132
POST Routine Description
E1h
Initialize the bridge
E2h
Initialize the CPU
E3h
Initialize system timer
E4h
Initialize system I/O
E5h
Check force recovery boot
E6h
Checksum BIOS ROM
E7h
Go to BIOS
E8h
Set Huge Segment
EAh
Initialize OEM special code
EBh
Initialize PIC and DMA
ECh
Initialize Memory type
EDh
Initialize Memory size
EEh
Shadow Boot Block
EFh
System memory test
F0h
Initialize interrupt vectors
F1h
Initialize Run Time Clock
F2h
Initialize video
F3h
Initialize System Management Mode
F4h
Output one beep before boot
F5h
Boot to Mini DOS
F6h
Clear Huge Segment
F7h
Boot to Full DOS
Beep
Code
7 Tests and Error Messages
Order in Which POST Tests Are Performed
1.
If the BIOS detects error 2C, 2E, or 30 (base 512K RAM error), it displays an
additional word-bitmap (xxxx) indicating the address line or bits that failed.For
example:
“2C 0002” means line 1 (bit one set) has failed.
“2E 1020” means data bits 12 and 5 (bits 12 and 5 set) have failed in the lower
16 bits.
The BIOS also sends the bitmap to the port-80 LED display. It first displays the
checkpoint code, followed by a delay, the high-order byte, another delay, and
then the low-order byte of the error. It repeats this sequence continuously.
133
7 Tests and Error Messages
Error Message Summary
Error Message Summary
In the event of an error generated in POST (Power-On-Self-Test) during the
boot process, the Error Setup Manager gives access to one or more detected
errors. Each EMU error is displayed as a 4-digit code with an associated text
message on the monitor screen.
Further details can be accessed by pressing ENTER. A detailed description
of the reason for the failure and how to solve the problem is displayed. The
following examples give the different types of error categories.
Category #1:
If the error is only a warning (i.e. key stuck), the POST should prompt:
WARNING1
00100
1.
Keyboard Error
After a time-out period of five seconds without any intervention, the system resumes to boot.
Category #2:
00xx
If the error is serious, the POST should prompt:
The BIOS has detected a serious problem that prevents your PC from booting
Press <Enter> to view more information about error
134
7 Tests and Error Messages
Error Message Summary
Code #
Cause / Symptom
Displayed Message
0000h
Any POST error that is not listed below
System error
0010h
CMOS Checksum error (if no Serial EEProm)
Incorrect CMOS Checksum
0011h
Date and Time (CMOS backed up from SE2P)
Date and Time Lost
0012h
PC configuration lost (both SE2P and CMOS lost)
Incorrect PC Configuration
0020h
Any POST error regarding an AT option ROM
Option ROM Error
0040h
Serial number corrupted (bad checksum or null #)
Invalid PC Serial Number
0041
Product flag not initialized or bad
Invalid Internal product type
0060h
RPO initialization failure
Remote Power On Error
0100h
Keyboard stuck key
Keyboard Error
0101h
Keyboard self-test failure
Keyboard Error
0102h
Keyboard controller I/O access failure
Keyboard Error
0103h
Keyboard not connected
Keyboard Error
0300h
Floppy A: self-test failure
Flexible Disk Drive A Error
0301h
Floppy B: self-test failure
Flexible Disk Drive B Error
0310h
Floppy A: not detected (but configured in CMOS)
Flexible Disk Drive Error
0311h
Floppy B: not detected (but configured in CMOS)
Flexible Disk Drive Error
0306h
General failure on floppy controller
Flexible Disk Drive Error
0400h
CD-ROM test failure
CD-ROM Error
0401h
CD-ROM not detected (but configured in CMOS)
CD-ROM Error
0500h
General failure on HDD onboard primary ctrl
IDE Device Error
0501h
General failure on HDD onboard secondary ctrl
IDE Device Error
0510h
HDD # 0 self-test error
IDE Device # 0 Error
0520h
HDD # 0 not detected (but configured in CMOS)
IDE Device # 0 Error
0521h
HDD # 1 not detected (but configured in CMOS)
IDE Device # 1 Error
0522h
HDD # 2 not detected (but configured in CMOS)
IDE Device # 2 Error
0523h
HDD # 3 not detected (but configured in CMOS)
IDE Device # 3 Error
135
7 Tests and Error Messages
Error Message Summary
Code #
Cause / Symptom
Displayed Message
0530h
Found a drive on slave connector only (primary)
IDE Device Error
0531h
Found a drive on slave connector only (secondary)
IDE Device Error
0600h
Found less video memory than configured in CMOS
Video Memory Error
0700h
Found less RDRAM memory than at previous boot
System Memory Error
0711h
Defective SIMM (module 1, bank 1)
System Memory Error
0800h
Found lower cache size than configured
System Cache Error
0801h
Cache self-test failure
System Cache Error
0A00h
Plug and Play video auto-setting failure (DDC hang)
DDC Video Error
136
7 Tests and Error Messages
Error Message Summary
The following table summarizes the most significant of the problems that
can be reported.
Message
Explanation or Suggestions for Corrective Action
Operating system not found
Check whether the disk, HDD, FDD or CD-ROM disk drive is
connected.
If it is connected, check that it is detected by POST.
Check that your boot device is enabled on the Setup Security
menu.
If the problem persists, check that the boot device contains the
operating system.
Missing operating system
If you have configured HDD user parameters, check that they are
correct. Otherwise, use HDD type “Auto” parameters.
Resource Allocation Conflict -PCI device
0079 on system board
Clear CMOS.
Video Plug and Play interrupted or
failed. Re-enable in Setup and try again
You may have powered your computer Off/On too quickly and the
computer turned off Video plug and play as a protection.
System CMOS checksum bad - run
Setup
CMOS contents have changed between 2 power-on sessions. Run
Setup for configuration.
No message, system “hangs”
Check that the main memory modules are correctly set in their
sockets.
Other
An error message may be displayed and the computer may “hang”
for 20 seconds and then beep. The POST is probably checking for a
mass storage device which it cannot find and the computer is in
Time-out Mode. After Time-out, run Setup to check the
configuration.
137
7 Tests and Error Messages
Error Message Summary
138
8
Connectors and Sockets
Internal Connector Pin Layouts
IDE Drive Connectors
IDE Connectors
Pin
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
Signal
Reset#
HD7
HD6
HD5
HD4
HD3
HD2
HD1
HD0
Ground 7
DMARQ
DIOW#
DIOR#
IORDY
DMACK#
INTRQ
DA1
DA0
CS1FX#
DASP#
Pin
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
Flexible Disk Drive Data Connector
Signal
Ground
HD8
HD9
HD10
HD11
HD12
HD13
HD14
HD15
orientation key
Ground 2
Ground 3
Ground 4
CSEL
Ground 5
IOCS16#
PDIAG#
DA2
CS3FX#
Ground 6
Pin
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
Signal
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Pin
Signal
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
LDENSEL#
Microfloppy
EDENSEL
INDX#
MTEN1#
DRSEL0#
DRSEL1#
DTEN0#
DIR#
STP#
WRDATA#
WREN#
TRK0#
WRPRDT#
RDDATA#
HDSEL1#
DSKCHG#
139
8 Connectors and Sockets
Internal Connector Pin Layouts
SCSI LED Connector
Additional SCSI LED Connector
(4-pin)
Pin
1
2
3
4
Signal
Not used
LED Out
LED Out
Not used
Power Supply Connector
(20-pin)
Power Supply Connector for
System Board (20-pin)
Pin
Signal
Pin
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
3V3_MAINSENSE
12V_NEG
GROUND_1
_PSON
GROUND3
GROUND5
GROUND6
5V_NEG
5V_3
5V_4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Wake On LAN
Connector
Wake On LAN (WOL)
Pin
1
2
3
140
Signal
5V STDBY
Ground
LAN_WAKE
Signal
3V3_2
3V3_3
GROUND2
5V_1
GROUND4
5V_2
GROUND7
PW0K
5VSB
12V
8 Connectors and Sockets
Internal Connector Pin Layouts
Rear Fan Connector
Fan Connector
Pin
1
2
3
Internal Audio
Connectors on System
Board
Signal
Ground
12V Power
Sense
This infomation refers to the integrated audio only. For information about
the Sound Blaster audio card refer to page 94 and page 147.
CD AUDIO Connector
Pin
1
2
3
4
Signal
Analog Ground
CD Left Channel
Analog Ground
CD Right Channel
AUX Connector
I/O
IN
IN
Pin
1
2
3
4
Signal
Analog Ground
AUX Left Channel
Analog Ground
AUX Right Channel
I/O
IN
IN
Internal Speaker
Pin
1
2
3
4
Chassis Intrusion
Signal
SPK1
Tst1
Tst2
SPK2
There are two connectors, one for the Desktop chassis and one for the
Minitower chassis. The pinouts for each are identical.
Intrusion
Pin
4
3
1
Signal
CLOSE
COMMON
OPEN
141
8 Connectors and Sockets
Internal Connector Pin Layouts
DT Status Panel
DT Status Panel
Pin
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
Signal
B1_LCD1
Ground
HDD_LED_K
ON_OFF
GROUND2
_RESET
VSTDBY_3V
MT Status Panel
MT Status Panel
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
142
Signal
Red LED
Ground
Green LED
KEY
HDD LED+
HDD LEDGND
Power Button
Not Used
Not Used
Pin
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
Signal
B1_LCD2
PWR_LED_A
BACKLIGHT
RED-LED_A
HDD_LED_A
SDA
SCL
8 Connectors and Sockets
Internal Connector Pin Layouts
VGA DB15 Connector
on AGP Card
VGA DB Connector Pins
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Standard VGA
Analog RED
Analog GREEN
Analog BLUE
Monitor ID2
n/c
Analog RED return
Analog GREEN return
Analog BLUE return
n/c
Digital ground
Monitor ID 0
Monitor ID 1
HSYNC
VSYNC
n/c
DDC2B
Analog RED
Analog GREEN
Analog BLUE
Monitor ID2
DDC return
Analog RED
Analog GREEN
Analog BLUE
VCC supply (optional)
Digital ground
Monitor ID 0
Data:SDA
HSYNC
VSYNC
Clock:SCL
143
8 Connectors and Sockets
External Rear Panel Connector Pin Layouts
External Rear Panel Connector Pin Layouts
Mouse Connector
Keyboard Connector
Serial Port A
9-pin Serial Port
Connectors
25-pin Parallel Port Connector
Serial Port B
Line Out
Audio jacks
Line In
MIC
USB Connectors (two)
Keyboard (bottom) and
Mouse (top)
Connectors
2
4
1
3
144
Keyboard and Mouse Connectors
6
5
Pin
1
3
5
Signal
Data
Ground
Clock
Pin
2
4
6
Signal
Not Used
+5 V dc
Not Used
8 Connectors and Sockets
External Rear Panel Connector Pin Layouts
USB Stacked
Connector
The USB graphic and pinout table for a USB connector. However, the
information is also valid for a USB Stacked Connector.
USB Connector
Pin
1
Serial Ports
2 3
Signal
1
2
3
4
Shell
4
VBus
DD+
GND
Shield
The information is valid for both serial port A and serial port B.
9-pin Serial Port Connector
1
6
7
8
9
2
3
4
5
Pin
6
7
8
9
Signal
(DSR) CC
(RTS) CA
(CTS) CB
(R) CE
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
Signal
(DCD) CF
(RD) BB
(TD) BA
(DTR) CD
(GND) AB
145
8 Connectors and Sockets
External Rear Panel Connector Pin Layouts
25-pin Parallel Connector
25-pin Parallel Connector
Pin
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
Signal
Pin
Signal
13
SLCT
25
Ground
12
PE
24
Ground
11
BUSY
23
Ground
10
ACK
22
Ground
9
D7
21
Ground
8
D6
20
Ground
7
D5
19
Ground
6
D4
18
Ground
5
D3
3
17
SLIN
4
D2
2
1
16
INIT
3
D1
15
ERROR
2
DO
14
AUTO-FD
1
Strobe
8
7
6
5
4
External Audio Jacks
There is a Line In jack, Line Out jack and Mic In jack located on the rear
panel. These external jacks are standard connectors.
S-Video Connector
This connector is on the nVIDIA GeForce2 GTS graphics card.
C – Color (Chrominance)
GND – Ground (C)
LAN Ethernet UTP
Connector
146
Y – Intensity (Luminance)
GND – Ground (Y)
8 Connectors and Sockets
External Rear Panel Connector Pin Layouts
Sound Blaster Audio
Card Connectors
Digital I/O
Line In
Microphone
Headset / Line Out (front)
Line Out (rear)
MIDI Connector
MIDI Connector
on Sound Blaster Audio
Card
MIDI Connector
Pin
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Signal
+5 V
B-1
B-X
MIDI-OUT
B-Y
B-2
MIDI-IN
Pin
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Signal
+5 V
A-2
A-Y
Ground
Ground
A-X
A-1
+5 V
147