Delta Electronics AC Drive VFD-F Series Specifications

Preface
Thank you for choosing DELTA’s high-performance VFD-S Series. The VFD-S Series is
manufactured with high-quality components and materials and incorporate the latest microprocessor
technology available.
This manual is to be used for the installation, parameter setting, troubleshooting, and daily
maintenance of the AC motor drive. To guarantee safe operation of the equipment, read the following
safety guidelines before connecting power to the AC motor drive. Keep this operating manual at
hand and distribute to all users for reference.
To ensure the safety of operators and equipment, only qualified personnel familiar with AC motor
drive are to do installation, start-up and maintenance. Always read this manual thoroughly before
using VFD-S series AC Motor Drive, especially the WARNING, DANGER and CAUTION notes.
Failure to comply may result in personal injury and equipment damage. If you have any questions,
please contact your dealer.
PLEASE READ PRIOR TO INSTALLATION FOR SAFETY.
DANGER!
1.
2.
AC input power must be disconnected before any wiring to the AC motor drive is made.
A charge may still remain in the DC-link capacitors with hazardous voltages, even if the power
has been turned off. To prevent personal injury, please ensure that power has been turned off
before opening the AC motor drive and wait ten minutes for the capacitors to discharge to safe
voltage levels.
3.
Never reassemble internal components or wiring.
4.
The AC motor drive may be destroyed beyond repair if incorrect cables are connected to the
input/output terminals. Never connect the AC motor drive output terminals U/T1, V/T2, and W/T3
directly to the AC mains circuit power supply.
5.
Ground the VFD-S using the ground terminal. The grounding method must comply with the laws
of the country where the AC motor drive is to be installed. Refer to the Basic Wiring Diagram.
6.
VFD-S series is used only to control variable speed of 3-phase induction motors, NOT for 1phase motors or other purpose.
7.
VFD-S series shall NOT be used for life support equipment or any life safety situation.
WARNING!
1.
DO NOT use Hi-pot test for internal components. The semi-conductor used in the AC motor
drive is easily damaged by high-pressure.
2.
There are highly sensitive MOS components on the printed circuit boards. These components
are especially sensitive to static electricity. To prevent damage to these components, do not
touch these components or the circuit boards with metal objects or your bare hands.
3.
Only qualified personnel are allowed to install, wire and maintain AC motor drive.
CAUTION!
1.
Some parameter settings will cause the motor to run immediately after applying power.
2.
DO NOT install the AC motor drive in a place subjected to high temperature, direct sunlight,
high humidity, excessive vibration, corrosive gases or liquids, or airborne dust or metallic
particles.
3.
Only use AC motor drives within specification. Failure to comply may result in fire, explosion or
electric shock.
4.
To prevent personal injury, please keep children and unqualified people away from the
equipment.
5.
When the motor cable between the AC motor drive and motor is too long, the layer insulation of
the motor may be damaged. Please use a frequency inverter duty motor or add an AC output
reactor to prevent damage to the motor. Refer to appendix B Reactor for details.
6.
The rated voltage for the AC motor drive must be ≤ 240V for 230V models (≤ 120V for 115V
models, ≤ 480V for 460V models) and the mains supply current capacity must be ≤ 5000A RMS
(≤10000A RMS for the ≥ 40hp (30kW) models).
Table of Contents
Preface ..............................................................................................................i
Table of Contents ...........................................................................................iii
Chapter 1 Introduction .................................................................................1-1
1.1 Receiving and Inspection.................................................................... 1-1
1.1.1 Nameplate Information................................................................ 1-1
1.1.2 Model Explanation ...................................................................... 1-1
1.1.3 Series Number Explanation ........................................................ 1-2
1.1.4 Drive Frames .............................................................................. 1-2
1.2 Appearances....................................................................................... 1-2
1.3 Installation Steps ................................................................................ 1-3
1.4 Storage ............................................................................................... 1-4
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring ...............................................................2-1
2.1 Ambient Conditions............................................................................. 2-1
2.2 Installation........................................................................................... 2-1
2.3 Dimensions ......................................................................................... 2-3
2.4 Wiring ............................................................................................... 2-16
2.4.1 Basic Wiring .............................................................................. 2-17
2.4.2 External Wiring.......................................................................... 2-22
2.4.3 Main Terminals Connections .................................................... 2-23
2.4.4 Control Terminals...................................................................... 2-25
2.4.5 Main Circuit Terminals .............................................................. 2-28
Chapter 3 Start Up ........................................................................................3-1
3.1 Preparations before Start-up............................................................... 3-1
3.2 Operation Method ............................................................................... 3-2
3.3 Trial Run ............................................................................................. 3-2
Chapter 4 Digital Keypad Operation ...........................................................4-1
4.1 Description of the Digital Keypad........................................................ 4-1
4.2 Explanation of LED Indicators............................................................. 4-1
4.3 Explanations of Display Messages ..................................................... 4-1
4.4 How to Operate the Digital Keypad..................................................... 4-3
Chapter 5 Parameters ..................................................................................5-1
5.1 Summary of Parameter Settings......................................................... 5-2
Group 0 User Parameters.................................................................... 5-2
Group 1 Basic Parameters................................................................... 5-2
Group 2 Operation Method Parameters............................................... 5-3
Group 3 Output Function Parameters .................................................. 5-5
Group 4 Input Function Parameters..................................................... 5-5
Group 5 Multi-Step Speed and PLC Parameters ................................. 5-7
Group 6 Protection Parameters ........................................................... 5-7
Group 7 Motor Parameters .................................................................. 5-9
Group 8 Special Parameters................................................................ 5-9
Group 9 Communication Parameters................................................. 5-10
Group A PID Parameters ................................................................... 5-10
5.2 Parameter Settings for Applications.................................................. 5-12
5.3 Description of Parameter Settings .................................................... 5-17
Group 0: User Parameters................................................................. 5-17
Group 1: Basic Parameters................................................................ 5-22
Group 2: Operation Method Parameters............................................ 5-27
Group 3: Output Function Parameters ............................................... 5-31
Group 4: Input Function Parameters................................................. 5-35
Group 5: Multi-step Speeds and PLC Parameters............................. 5-47
Group 6: Protection Parameters ....................................................... 5-52
Group 7: Motor Parameters .............................................................. 5-57
Group 8: Special Parameters............................................................. 5-58
Group 9: Communication Parameters............................................... 5-62
Group A: PID Control ......................................................................... 5-75
Chapter 6 Fault Code Information...............................................................6-1
6.1 Common Problems and Solutions ...................................................... 6-1
6.2 Reset .................................................................................................. 6-4
Chapter 7 Troubleshooting..........................................................................7-1
7.1 Over Current (OC) .............................................................................. 7-1
7.2 Ground Fault....................................................................................... 7-2
7.3 Over Voltage (OV) .............................................................................. 7-2
7.4 Low Voltage (Lv)................................................................................. 7-3
7.5 Over Heat (OH)................................................................................... 7-4
7.6 Overload ............................................................................................. 7-4
7.7 Keypad Display is Abnormal ............................................................... 7-5
7.8 Phase Loss (PHL)............................................................................... 7-5
7.9 Motor cannot Run ............................................................................... 7-6
7.10 Motor Speed cannot be Changed ..................................................... 7-7
7.11 Motor Stalls during Acceleration ....................................................... 7-8
7.12 The Motor does not Run as Expected .............................................. 7-8
7.13 Electromagnetic/Induction Noise ...................................................... 7-9
7.14 Environmental Condition................................................................... 7-9
7.15 Affecting Other Machines ............................................................... 7-10
Chapter 8 Maintenance and Inspections ....................................................8-1
Appendix A Specifications ......................................................................... A-1
Appendix B Accessories ............................................................................ B-1
B.1 All Brake Resistors & Brake Units Used in AC Motor Drives .............. B-1
B.1.1 Dimensions and Weights for Brake resistors .............................. B-3
B.2 EMI Filters .......................................................................................... B-4
B.2.1 Dimensions................................................................................. B-7
B.3 AC Reactor....................................................................................... B-11
B.3.1 AC Input Reactor Recommended Value................................... B-11
B.3.2 AC Output Reactor Recommended Value................................ B-11
B.3.3 Applications for AC Reactor ..................................................... B-12
B.4 DC Choke Recommended Values.................................................... B-14
B.5 Zero Phase Reactor (RF220X00A) .................................................. B-15
B.6 Din Rail-DR01 .................................................................................. B-16
B.7 Remote Controller RC-01 ................................................................. B-17
B.8 Conduit Bracket (BK-S) .................................................................... B-18
B.9 Non-fuse Circuit Breaker Chart ........................................................ B-19
Appendix C How to Select the Right AC Motor Drive............................... C-1
C.1 Capacity Formulas .............................................................................C-2
C.2 General Precautions ..........................................................................C-4
C.3 How to Choose a Suitable Motor........................................................C-5
Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 Receiving and Inspection
This VFD-S AC motor drive has gone through rigorous quality control tests at the factory before
shipment. After receiving the AC motor drive, please check for the following:
„
Check to make sure that the package includes an AC motor drive, the User
„
Inspect the unit to assure it was not damaged during shipment.
„
Make sure that the part number indicated on the nameplate corresponds with the part
Manual/Quick Start and CD, dust covers and rubber bushings.
number of your order.
1.1.1 Nameplate Information
Example for 1HP/0.75kW 3-phase 230V AC motor drive
AC Drive Model
Input Spec.
Output Spec.
Output Frequency Range
MODEL : VFD007S23A
INPUT
: 3PH 200-240V 50/60Hz 5.1A
OUTPUT : 3PH 0-240V 4.2A 1.6kVA 0.75kW/1HP
Frequency Range : 1-400Hz
Serial Number & Bar Code
007S23A0T7010001
DELTA ELECTRONICS INC.
MADE IN XXXXX
1.1.2 Model Explanation
VFD 007 S 23 A
Series Name
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Version Type
Input Voltage
11:Single phase 115V
21:Single phase 230V
23:Three phase 230V
43:Three phase 460V
S Series
Applicable motor capacity
002: 0.25HP(0.2kW)
004: 0.5HP(0.4kW)
007: 1 HP(0.7kW)
022: 3 HP(2.2kW)
1-1
Chapter 1 Introduction|VFD-S Series
1.1.3 Series Number Explanation
007S23A 0T 6 01
230V 3-phase 1HP(0.75kW)
Production number
Production week
Production year 2006
Production factory
(Taoyuan)
Model
If the nameplate information does not correspond to your purchase order or if there are
any problems, please contact your distributor.
1.1.4 Drive Frames
Frame
S1
S2
Power range
0.25-2hp
(0.2-1.5kW)
Models
VFD002S11A/11B/21A/21B/21E/23A,
VFD004S11A/11B/21A/21B/21E/23A/43A/43B/43E,
VFD007S21A/21B/21E/23A/43A/43B/43E, VFD015S23D
1-5hp
VFD007S11A/11B, VFD015S21D/21E/21U/43D/43E/43U,
(0.75-3.7kW)
VFD022S21D/21E/21U/23D/43D/43E/43U
Please refer to Chapter 2.3 for exact dimensions.
1.2 Appearances
VFD002S11A/11B/21A/21B/23A,
Frame S1: VFD002S21E, VFD004S21E,
VFD004S11A/11B/21A/21B/23A/43A/43B/43E, VFD007S21E, VFD015S23D,
VFD007S21A/21B/23A/43A/43B/43E,
Frame S2: VFD007S11A/11B,
VFD015S21D/21E/21U/43D/43E/43U,
VFD022S21D/21E/21U/23D/43D/43E/43U
1-2
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 1 Introduction|VFD-S Series
1.3 Installation Steps
KNOB
COVER
CASE
HEAT SINK
DIVISION
PLATE
SCREW
Installation Steps
1.
Remove front cover screw and open.
2.
Remove Division Plate. If using optional
conduit bracket, please refer to next
page.
3.
Connect AC Input Power and motor leads.
Never connect the AC drive output
terminals U/T1, V/T2, W/T3 to main AC
Input power.
4.
Reinstall Division Plate.
SCREW
SCREW
For Optional Conduit Bracket:
Make sure to fasten both screws on conduit
bracket as shown in the drawing for safety
grounding purpose. Bring all the wires out
through the conduit bracket.
Screw Torque: 5 to 6 kgf-cm (4.3 to 5.2 in-lbf)
CONDUIT
BRACKET
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
1-3
Chapter 1 Introduction|VFD-S Series
SCREW
DIVISION
PLATE
Reinstall Division Plate.
Screw Torque: 5 to 6 kgf-cm (4.3 to 5.2 in-lbf)
CONDUIT
BRACKET
SCREW
SCREW
Install Conduit Bracket cover and tighten screws.
1.4 Storage
The AC motor drive should be kept in the shipping carton or crate before installation. In order to
retain the warranty coverage, the AC motor drive should be stored properly when it is not to be used
for an extended period of time. Storage conditions are:
Store in a clean and dry location free from direct sunlight or corrosive fumes.
Store within an ambient temperature range of -20 °C to +60 °C.
Store within a relative humidity range of 0% to 90% and non-condensing environment.
Store within an air pressure range of 86kPa to 106kPa.
CAUTION!
1.
DO NOT store in an area with rapid changes in temperature. It may cause condensation and
frost.
2.
DO NOT place on the ground directly. It should be stored properly. Moreover, if the surrounding
environment is humid, you should put exsiccator in the package.
1-4
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 1 Introduction|VFD-S Series
3.
If the AC motor drive is stored for more than 3 months, the temperature should not be higher
than 30 °C. Storage longer than one year is not recommended, it could result in the degradation
of the electrolytic capacitors.
4.
When the AC motor drive is not used for a long time after installation on building sites or places
with humidity and dust, it’s best to move the AC motor drive to an environment as stated above.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
1-5
Chapter 1 Introduction|VFD-S Series
This page intentionally left blank.
1-6
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring
2.1 Ambient Conditions
Install the AC motor drive in an environment with the following conditions:
Operation
Air Temperature:
Relative Humidity:
Atmosphere pressure:
Installation Site Altitude:
Vibration:
-10 ~ +40°C (14 ~ 104°F), Non-condensing
and not frozen
<90%, no condensation allowed
86 ~ 106 kPa
<1000m
<20Hz: 9.80 m/s2 (1G) max
20 ~ 50Hz: 5.88 m/s2 (0.6G) max
Storage
Transportation
Temperature:
Relative Humidity:
Atmosphere pressure:
Vibration:
-20°C ~ +60°C (-4°F ~ 140°F)
<90%, no condensation allowed
86 ~ 106 kPa
<20Hz: 9.80 m/s2 (1G) max
20 ~ 50Hz: 5.88 m/s2 (0.6G) max
Pollution Degree
2: good for a factory type environment.
CAUTION!
1.
Operating, storing or transporting the AC motor drive outside these conditions may cause
damage to the AC motor drive.
2.
Failure to observe these precautions may void the warranty!
2.2 Installation
1.
Mount the AC motor drive vertically on a flat vertical surface by using bolts or screws. Other
directions are not allowed.
2.
The AC motor drive will generate heat during operation. Allow sufficient space around the unit
for heat dissipation.
3.
The heat sink temperature may rise to 90°C when running. The material on which the AC motor
drive is mounted must be noncombustible and be able to withstand this high temperature.
4.
When the AC motor drive is installed in a confined space (e.g. cabinet), the surrounding
temperature must be within 10 ~ 40°C with good ventilation. DO NOT install the AC motor drive
in a space with bad ventilation.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
2-1
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
5.
When installing multiple AC motor drives in the same cabinet, they should be adjacent in a row
with enough space. When installing one AC motor drive below another one, use a metal
separation barrier between the AC motor drives to prevent mutual heating. Refer to figure below
for details.
6.
Prevent fiber particles, scraps of paper, saw dust, metal particles, etc. from adhering to the
heatsink.
Mounting Clearances
150mm
(6inch)
Air Flow
50mm
(2inch)
50mm
(2inch)
150mm
(6inch)
2-2
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
2.3 Dimensions
(Dimensions are in millimeter and [inch])
Frame S1: VFD002S11A, VFD002S21A, VFD002S23A
8.1 [0.32]
5.0 [0.20]
11.1 [0.44]
3.0 [0.12]
5.0 [0.20]
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
88.0 [3.47]
13.0 [0.51]
148.0 [5.83]
5.8 [0.23]
132.2 [5.21]
85.0 [3.35]
74.0 [2.92]
2-3
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
Frame S1: VFD002S11B, VFD002S21B
5 . 8 [0. 23 ]
88 .0 [3 .4 7 ]
67 .8 [2 .6 7]
5. 0 [0 . 20 ]
2-4
13 .0 [0 .5 1]
5 . 0 [0. 20 ]
8.1 [0.32]
3.0 [0.12]
1 6.0 [ 0.63]
73 .0 [2 .8 8 ]
14 8.0 [ 5.83]
1 3 .0 [0 .5 1]
13 2.2 [5.21]
74 .0 [2 .9 2]
1 1.1 [ 0.44]
8 5 .0 [3 .3 5]
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
Frame S1: VFD004S11A, VFD004S21A, VFD004S23A
10 2 . 0 [ 4. 02 ]
2 . 8 [0. 11 ]
5. 0 [0. 20 ]
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
8 .1 [0.32]
5 . 0 [0. 2 0 ]
1 1.1 [0.44]
3.0 [ 0.12]
1 48.0 [5.83]
5. 8 [0 . 23 ]
1 32.2 [5.21]
8 5 .0 [3 .3 5]
7 4 .0 [2 .9 2]
2-5
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
Frame S1: VFD004S11B, VFD004S21B
67 .8 [2 .6 7]
5. 0 [0 . 2 0 ]
2-6
27 .0 [1 .0 6]
8.1 [ 0.32]
5. 0 [0 . 2 0 ]
11 .1 [0 .44]
3 .0 [0 .12]
73 .0 [2 .8 8 ]
10 2. 0 [ 4. 02 ]
2 . 8 [0. 11 ]
1 48 .0 [5.83]
1 32 .2 [5.21]
5. 8 [0. 23 ]
1 6.0 [0 .63]
85 .0 [3 .3 5]
74 .0 [2 .9 2]
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
Frame S1: VFD007S21A, VFD007S23A
85 .0 [3 .3 5]
5. 8 [0. 23 ]
12 4. 0 [ 4. 89]
5. 0 [0. 20 ]
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
8.1 [ 0.32]
5. 0 [0. 20 ]
1 1.1 [ 0.44]
3.0 [0 .12]
14 8.0 [ 5.83]
2. 8 [0. 11 ]
13 2.2 [ 5.21]
74 .0 [2 .9 2]
2-7
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
Frame S1: VFD007S21B
67 .8 [2 .6 7]
5. 0 [0. 20 ]
2-8
50 .0 [1 .9 7]
8.1 [0.32]
5. 0 [0. 20 ]
11 .1 [0.44]
3. 0 [0.12]
16.0 [0.63]
73 .0 [2 .8 8]
12 4. 0 [ 4. 89]
2. 8 [0. 11 ]
148.0 [5.83]
5. 8 [0. 23 ]
1 32.2 [5.21]
85 .0 [3 .3 5]
74 .0 [2 .9 2]
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
Frame S1: VFD004S43A, VFD004S43E, VFD007S43A, VFD007S43E
85 .0 [3 .3 5]
5. 8 [0. 23 ]
12 6. 0 [ 4. 96]
5. 0 [0. 20 ]
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
8.1 [0.32]
5. 0 [0. 20 ]
1 1.1 [ 0.44]
3.0 [0 .12]
14 8.0 [ 5.83]
3. 0 [0. 12 ]
13 2.2 [ 5.21]
74 .0 [2 .9 2]
2-9
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
Frame S1: VFD004S43B, VFD007S43B
67 .8 [2 .6 7]
5 . 0 [0. 20 ]
2-10
51 .0 [2 .0 1]
8 .1 [0 .32]
5. 0 [0 . 20 ]
11 .1 [0 .44]
3 . 0 [0 .1 2]
16 .0 [0.63]
73 .0 [2 .8 8]
12 6. 0 [ 4. 96]
3 . 0 [0. 12 ]
1 4 8.0 [5.83]
5. 8 [0. 23 ]
1 32 .2 [5.21 ]
85 .0 [3 .3 5]
74 .0 [2 .9 2]
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
Frame S1: VFD002S21E, VFD004S21E, VFD007S21E, VFD015S23D
85 .0 [3 .3 5]
5. 8 [ 0. 23 ]
12 7. 0 [ 5. 00]
5. 0 [ 0. 20 ]
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
8.3 [ 0.33]
14 8.0 [ 5.83]
8. 5 [ 0. 33 ]
13 3.7 [ 5.27]
74 .0 [2 .9 2]
2-11
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
Frame S2: VFD007S11A
10 0. 0 [ 3. 94]
12 9. 0 [ 5. 08]
5. 5 [0. 22 ]
2-12
9 .5 [0 .38]
1 .0 [0 .04]
5. 5 [0. 22 ]
6.5 [ 0.26]
1 8 6.0 [7.33]
5. 4 [0. 21 ]
1 73.0 [6.81]
86 .5 [3 .4 1]
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
Frame S2: VFD007S11B
10 0. 0 [ 3. 94]
5. 5 [0. 22 ]
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
9.5 [0 .38]
1.0 [0 .04]
5. 5 [0. 22 ]
53 .5 [2 .11]
6.5 [0.26]
67 .8 [2 .6 7]
16 .0 [0 .63]
73 .0 [2 .8 8]
12 9. 0 [ 5. 08]
18 6.0 [7.33]
5. 4 [0. 21 ]
173 .0 [6.82]
86 .5 [3 .4 1]
2-13
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
Frame S2: VFD015S21D, VFD015S21E, VFD015S43D, VFD015S43E, VFD022S21D,
VFD022S21E, VFD022S23D, VFD022S43D, VFD022S43E
10 0 . 0 [ 3. 94 ]
5 . 4 [0. 2 1 ]
12 9. 3 [ 5. 09]
5. 5 [0. 22 ]
2-14
6 .5 [0.26]
5. 5 [0. 22 ]
9 .5 [0 .37]
1.0 [0.04]
1 8 6 .0 [ 7.33]
8. 5 [0. 33 ]
1 7 3 .0 [ 6.82]
86 .5 [3 .4 1]
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
Frame S2: VFD015S21U, VFD015S43U, VFD022S21U, VFD022S43U
5.4 [0.21]
186.0 [7.33]
8.5 [0.33]
1.0 [0.04]
5.5 [0.22]
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5.5 [0.22]
53.9 [2.12]
6.5 [0.26]
67.8 [2.67]
9.5 [0.37]
173.0 [6.82]
73.0 [2.88]
129.3 [5.09]
16.0 [0.63]
100.0 [3.94]
86.5 [3.41]
2-15
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
2.4 Wiring
After removing the front cover, check if the power and control terminals are clear of debris. Be sure
to observe the following precautions when wiring.
„
General Wiring Information
Applicable Codes
All VFD-S series are Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. (UL) and Canadian Underwriters
Laboratories (cUL) listed, and therefore comply with the requirements of the National Electrical
Code (NEC) and the Canadian Electrical Code (CEC).
Installation intended to meet the UL and cUL requirements must follow the instructions provided
in “Wiring Notes” as a minimum standard. Follow all local codes that exceed UL and cUL
requirements. Refer to the technical data label affixed to the AC motor drive and the motor
nameplate for electrical data.
The "Line Fuse Specification" in Appendix B, lists the recommended fuse part number for each
S-Series part number. These fuses (or equivalent) must be used on all installations where
compliance with U.L. standards is a required.
2-16
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
2.4.1 Basic Wiring
„
Make sure that power is only applied to the R/L1, S/L2, T/L3 terminals. Failure to comply
may result in damage to the equipment. The voltage and current should lie within the
range as indicated on the nameplate.
„
Check the following items after completing the wiring:
1.
Are all connections correct?
2.
No loose wires?
3.
No short-circuits between terminals or to ground?
A charge may still remain in the DC bus capacitors with hazardous voltages even if the power
has been turned off. To prevent personal injury, please ensure that the power is turned off and
wait ten minutes for the capacitors to discharge to safe voltage levels before opening the AC
motor drive.
DANGER!
1.
All the units must be grounded directly to a common ground terminal to prevent electric shock,
fire and interference.
2.
Only qualified personnel familiar with AC motor drives are allowed to perform installation, wiring
and commissioning.
3.
Make sure that the power is off before doing any wiring to prevent electric shocks.
Basic Wiring Diagrams
Users must connect wires according to the circuit diagrams on the following pages. Do not plug a
modem or telephone line to the RS-485 communication port or permanent damage may result. Pins
1 & 2 are the power supply for the optional copy keypad only and should not be used for RS-485
communication.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
2-17
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
For VFDXXXSXXA/B/D/U
Brake Resistor (optional)
select 80Ω 120W, 200Ω 120W,
400Ω 120W
Jumper
Main Circuit Power
R/L1
S/L2
T/L3
E
+1
R/L1
S/L2
T/L3
NFB
Recommended Circuit
when power supply
is turned OFF by a
fault output
SA
MC
OFF
ON
MC
Factory setting
Forward/Stop
Reverse/Stop
Reset
Multi-step 1
Multi-step 2
Multi-step 3
Common signal
Analog voltage
0~10VDC
Potentiometer
3K~5KΩ
Analog current
4~20mA
Factory setting: output freq. (Pot.)
determined by the Potentiometer
on the control panel.
Main circuit (power) terminals
RB
RC
U/T1
17V
CPU
2.4KΩ
V/T2
W/T3
E
47Ω AFM
Grounding resistance
less than 100
Potentiometer (1KΩ)
Analog output
DC 0~10V
11V
M1
GND
M2
RA
M3
RB
M4
RC
M5
Factory setting: indicate
output frequency
Multi-function indication
output contacts below
120VAC/24VDC 5A
240VAC less than 2.5A
Factory setting:
indicates malfunction
MO1
GND
+10V 10mA
(MAX)
1
2
AVI
AC Motor
47KΩ
M0
47K
B2
+2/B1
3
GND
250Ω
Multi-function Photocoupler
output below 48VDC 50mA
Factory setting: indicates
MCM during operation
RJ-11 RJ-11 communication port with
RS-485 serial communication interface
1: 17V
2: GND
6->1 3: SG4: SG+
5: NC
6: Communication
Control circuit terminals
Shielded leads
NOTE: Do not plug in a modem or telephone line to the RS-485 communication
port, permanent damage may result. Pins 1&2 are the power
sources for the optional copy keypad and should not be used while
using RS-485 communication.
﹡If it is single phase model, please select any of the two input power
terminals in main circuit power.
2-18
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
For VFDXXXSXXE
NPN (sink mode)
Brake Resistor (optional)
select 80Ω 120W, 200Ω 120W
400Ω 120W
Jumper
Main Circuit Power
R/L1
S/L2
T/L3
+1
E
R/L1
S/L2
T/L3
NFB
Recommended Circuit
when power supply
is turned OFF by a
fault output
SA
MC
OFF
ON
MC
Factory setting
Forward/Stop
Reverse/Stop
Reset
Multi-step 1
Multi-step 2
Multi-step 3
Comm. signal (sink)
Analog voltage 3
0~10VDC
Potentiometer Pot. 2
3K~5KΩ
Analog current 1
Factory setting: output freq. (Pot.)
determined by the Potentiometer
on the control panel.
Main circuit (power) terminals
RB
RC
+2/B1
+17V
CPU
2.4Ω
17V
11V
M0
V/T2
W/T3
M2
NPN
M3
PNP
J2
M5
GND
E
+10V 10mA
(MAX)
2 1
AVI 3
47KΩ
250Ω
GND
AC Motor
IM
3~
Grounding resistance
less than 100Ω
E
47ΩAFM
47KΩ
GND
M1
M4
B2
U/T1
RA
RB
RC
Potentiometer(1KΩ)
+
-
Analog output
DC 0~10V
Factory setting: indicate
output frequency
Multi-function indication
output contacts below
120VAC/24VDC 5A
Factory setting:
indicates malfunction
MO1
Multi-function Photocoupler
output below 48VDC 50mA
Factory setting: Indicates
MCM during operation
RJ-11
6←1
Control circuit terminals
RJ-11 communication port with
RS-485 serial communication interface
1:17V
2:GND
3:SG4:SG+
Shielded leads
NOTE: Do not plug in a Modem or telephone line to the RS-485 communication
port, permanent damage may result. Pins 1 & 2 are the power
sources for the optional copy keypad and should not be used while
using RS-485 communication.
* If it is single phase model, please select any of the two input power
terminals in main circuit power.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
2-19
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
Two/Three wire control
The wiring for
Pr.4-04=d1
Forward/Stop
M0
Reverse/Stop
M1
Reset
M2
Multi-step 1
Multi-function
Input Terminals
M3
Multi-step 2
M4
Multi-step 3
M5
Common Signal
GND
E
The wiring for
Pr.4-04=d2
Run/Stop
M0
Forward/Reverse
M1
Reset
M2
Multi-step 1
Multi-function
Input Terminals
M3
Multi-step 2
M4
Multi-step 3
M5
Comm on Signal
GND
E
Run
Stop
M0
The wiring for
Pr.4-04=d3
REV/FWD
M1
M2
Multi-step 1
Multi-step 2
Multi-step 3
Common Signal
Multi-function
Input Terminals
M3
M4
M5
GND
E
2-20
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
For VFDXXXSXXE
NPN Mode
NPN mode with external power
NPN
PNP
Reverse/Stop
Fac tory
Setti ng
Reset
Multi-step 1
Multi-step 2
Multi-step 3
Common Signal
NOTE
M0
M1
M2
M3
M4
17
Vdc
+
Forward/Stop
Reverse/Stop
Fac tory
Setti ng
Forward/Stop
Multi-function
Input Terminals
J2
+17V
Reset
Multi-step 1
Multi-step 2
Multi-step 3
M5
+17V
M0
M1
M2
M3
M4
Multi-function
Input Terminals
NPN mode without external power
M5
GND
GND
E
E
Don't apply the mains voltage
directly to above terminals.
PNP Mode
PNP mode without external power
Reset
Multi-step 1
Multi-step 2
Multi-step 3
M1
M2
M3
M4
M5
GND
NOTE
Don't apply the mains voltage
directly to above terminals.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Forward/Stop
M0
E
Reverse/Stop
Fac tory
Set ting
Reverse/Stop
Fac tory
Sett ing
+17V
+17V
Forward/Stop
Multi-function
Input Terminals
J2
PNP mode with external power
Reset
Multi-step 1
Multi-step 1
Multi-step 1
+
17
Vdc -
M0
M1
M2
M3
M4
Multi-functio n
Input Terminals
NPN
PNP
M5
GND
E
2-21
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
2.4.2 External Wiring
Items
Power Supply
Please follow the specific power
supply requirements shown in
Appendix A.
Fuse/NFB
(Optional)
There may be an inrush current
during power up. Please check the
chart of Appendix B and select the
correct fuse with rated current. Use of
an NFB is optional.
Magnetic
contactor
(Optional)
Please do not use a Magnetic
contactor as the I/O switch of the AC
motor drive, as it will reduce the
operating life cycle of the AC drive.
FUSE/NFB
Magnetic
contactor
Input AC
Line Reactor
Zero-phase
Reactor
EMI Filter
R/L1
S/L2
T/L3
+1
+2/B1
B2
U/T1
V/T2
DC
Choke
Brake
Resistor
W/T3
Zero-phase
Reactor
Output AC
Line Reactor
Explanations
Power
supply
Used to improve the input power
factor, to reduce harmonics and
provide protection from AC line
disturbances (surges, switching
spikes, short interruptions, etc.). AC
Input AC
Line Reactor line reactor should be installed when
the power supply capacity is 500kVA
(Optional)
or more and or advanced capacity is
activated. And the mains wiring
distance should be ≤ 10m. Refer to
Appendix B for details.
Zero phase reactors are used to
reduce radio noise especially when
Zero-phase
audio equipment is installed near the
Reactor
inverter. Effective for noise reduction
(Ferrite Core
on both the input and output sides.
Common
Attenuation quality is good for a wide
Choke)
range from AM band to 10MHz.
(Optional)
Appendix B specifies the zero phase
reactor. (RF220X00A)
EMI filter
(Optional)
To reduce electromagnetic
interference, please refer to Appendix
B for more details.
Brake
resistor
(Optional)
Used to reduce the deceleration time
of the motor. Please refer to the chart
in Appendix B for specific brake
resistors.
Motor
Motor surge voltage amplitude
Output AC
depends on motor cable length. For
Line Reactor
applications with long motor cable
(Optional)
(>20m), it is necessary to install a
reactor at the inverter output side.
2-22
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
2.4.3 Main Terminals Connections
Terminal Symbol
R/L1, S/L2, T/L3
L/L1, N/L2
U/T1, V/T2, W/T3
Explanation of Terminal Function
AC line input terminals (3-phase)
AC line input terminals (1-phase)
AC drive output terminals for connecting 3-phase induction
motor
+1, +2/B1
Connections for DC choke. Please remove the jumper prior to
installation.
+2/B1, B2
Connections for brake resistor (optional)
Earth connection, please comply with local regulations.
Mains power terminals (R/L1, S/L2, T/L3 and L/L1, N/L2)
„
Connect these terminals via a non-fuse breaker or earth leakage breaker to 3-phase AC
power (some models to 1-phase AC power) for circuit protection. It is unnecessary to
consider phase-sequence.
„
It is recommended to add a magnetic contactor (MC) in the power input wiring to cut off
power quickly and reduce malfunction when activating the protection function of AC
motor drives. Both ends of the MC should have an R-C surge absorber.
„
Do NOT run/stop AC motor drives by turning the power ON/OFF. Run/stop AC motor
drives by RUN/STOP command via control terminals or keypad. If you still need to
run/stop AC drives by turning power ON/OFF, it is recommended to do so only ONCE
per hour.
„
Do NOT connect 3-phase models to a 1-phase power source, or else phase loss may
occur.
Control circuit terminals (U/T1, V/T2, W/T3)
„
When the AC drive output terminals U/T1, V/T2, and W/T3 are connected to the motor
terminals U, V, and W, respectively, the motor will rotate counterclockwise (as viewed on
the shaft end of the motor) when a forward operation command is received. To
permanently reverse the direction of motor rotation, switch over any of the two motor
leads.
Forward
running
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
2-23
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
„
DO NOT connect phase-compensation capacitors or surge absorbers at the output
„
With long motor cables, high capacitive switching current peaks can cause over-current,
terminals of AC motor drives.
high leakage current or lower current readout accuracy. To prevent this, the motor cable
should be less than 20m for 3.7kW models and below. And the cable should be less than
50m for 5.5kW models and above. For longer motor cables use an AC output reactor.
„
Use a well-insulated motor, suitable for inverter operation.
Terminals [+2/B1, +1] for connecting DC reactor
„
This is the connector for the DC reactor to improve the power factor. Please remove the
short jumper when connecting DC reactor.
Terminals [+2/B1, B2] for connecting brake resistor
BR
Bra ke resistor(o ptiona l)
Ref er to A ppend ix B fo r the use of
s pecial brake resistor.
+2 /B1
„
B2
Connect a brake resistor in applications with frequent deceleration ramps, short
deceleration time, too low brake torque or requiring increased brake torque.
WARNING!
Short-circuiting [+2/B1, B2] can damage the AC motor drive.
Grounding terminals (
)
„
Make sure that the leads are connected correctly and the AC drive is properly grounded.
„
Use ground leads that comply with local regulations and keep them as short as possible.
„
Multiple VFD-S units can be installed in one location. All the units should be grounded
(Ground resistance should not exceed 0.1Ω.)
directly to a common ground terminal, as shown in the figure below. Ensure there are
no ground loops.
excellent
2-24
good
not allowed
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
2.4.4 Control Terminals
Control Terminal Wiring (Factory Setting)
A. XXXSXXA/B/D/U
+10V
RA
RB
RC
MO1
MCM
AVI AFM M0 M1 M2 M3 M4 M5 GND
Operation freq.
setting
potentiometer
VR : 3K~5K
RJ11
Corrector
potentiometer
VR : 1K~5K
Freq. meter
0~10 VDC
Full scale voltmeter
Multi-step speed 3
Multi-step speed 2
Multi-step speed 1
Reset
Reverse/Stop
Forward/Stop
B. XXXSXXE
*
Relay contactor output
Factory setting : Fault indication
Photo coupler output
Factory setting : in work
RS485 Communication port
6~1
Wire Gauge: 24-12 AWG
Wire Type: Copper Only
Torque: 4 kgf-cm (3.5 in-lbf)
*
Multi-step speed 3
Wire Gauge: 24-16 AWG
Wire Type: Copper Only
Torque: 2 kgf-cm (1.7 in-lbf)
Terminal symbols and functions
Terminal
Terminal Function
Symbol
M0
Multi-function auxiliary input
M1
Multi-function input 1
M2
Multi-function input 2
M3
Multi-function input 3
M4
Multi-function input 4
M5
Multi-function Input 5
+17V
DC Voltage Source
GND
Digital Signal Common
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Factory Settings (NPN mode)
ON: Connect to GND
Refer to Pr.4-04 to Pr.4-08 for programming
the Multi-function Inputs.
ON: the activation current is 16mA.
OFF: leakage current tolerance is 10μA.
+17VDC, 20mA used for PNP mode.
Common for digital inputs and used for NPN
mode.
2-25
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
Terminal
Symbol
Terminal Function
Factory Settings (NPN mode)
ON: Connect to GND
The voltage output type for this analog
signal is PWM, so this analog voltage is
only suitable to connect an external
movable coil meter, not suitable to connect
a digital meter or for A/D signal conversion.
AFM circuit
AFM
Analog output meter
AFM
0~10V
ondometer
Max. 2mA
GND
Internal Circuit
RA
RB
RC
Multi-function Relay output
(N.O.) a
Multi-function Relay output
(N.C.) b
Multi-function Relay common
Resistive Load:
5A(N.O.)/3A(N.C.) 240VAC
5A(N.O.)/3A(N.C.) 24VDC
Inductive Load:
1.5A(N.O.)/0.5A(N.C.) 240VAC
1.5A(N.O.)/0.5A(N.C.) 24VDC
Refer to Pr.3-06 for programming
Maximum 48VDC, 50mA
Refer to Pr.3-01 for programming
Max: 48Vdc
50mA
MO1-DCM
MO1
Multi-function Output 1
(Photocoupler)
MO 1
MC M
internal cir cuit
MCM
+10V
Multi-function output common
Potentiometer power supply
Max. 48Vdc 50mA
+10VDC 10mA (variable resistor: 3~5kohm)
0~+10V/4-20mA corresponds to 0-max.
operation frequency (Pr.01-00)
PID feedback signal
AVI input impedance: 47kohm
ACI input impedance: 250kohm
AVI
ACI
+10V
AVI circuit
J1
AVI
Analog voltage Input
(AVI/ACI)
AVI
GND
AVI
ACI
J1
Internal Circuit
ACI circuit
ACI
GND
Internal Circuit
Control signal wiring size: 18 AWG (0.75 mm2) with shielded wire.
2-26
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
Analog input terminals (AVI, GND)
„
Analog input signals are easily affected by external noise. Use shielded wiring and keep
it as short as possible (<20m) with proper grounding. If the noise is inductive, connecting
the shield to terminal GND can bring improvement.
„
If the analog input signals are affected by noise from the AC motor drive, please connect
a capacitor (0.1 μ F and above) and ferrite core as indicated in the following diagrams:
AVI
C
GND
ferrite core
wind each wires 3 times or more around the core
Digital inputs (M0~M5, GND)
„
When using contacts or switches to control the digital inputs, please use high quality
components to avoid contact bounce.
Digital outputs (MO1, MCM)
„
Make sure to connect the digital outputs to the right polarity, see wiring diagrams.
„
When connecting a relay to the digital outputs, connect a surge absorber or fly-back
diode across the coil and check the polarity.
General
„
Keep control wiring as far as possible from the power wiring and in separate conduits to
„
The AC motor drive control wiring should be properly installed and not touch any live
avoid interference. If necessary let them cross only at 90º angle.
power wiring or terminals.
NOTE
„
If a filter is required for reducing EMI (Electro Magnetic Interference), install it as close as
„
When using a general GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter), select a current sensor
possible to AC drive. EMI can also be reduced by lowering the Carrier Frequency.
with sensitivity of 200mA or above, and not less than 0.1-second detection time to avoid
nuisance tripping. For the specific GFCI of the AC motor drive, please select a current
sensor with sensitivity of 30mA or above.
DANGER!
Damaged insulation of wiring may cause personal injury or damage to circuits/equipment if it comes
in contact with high voltage.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
2-27
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
2.4.5 Main Circuit Terminals
VFD002S11A/11B, VFD004S11A/11B
Power terminal
AC Input Line
Ter minal
Groun d
Motor
Conne ction
Br ak e Res is tor
Power Terminal:
Torque: 12 kgf-cm (10 lbf-in)
Wire Gauge: 14-20 AWG (2.1-0.5mm2)
Wire Type: Copper only, 75oC
2-28
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
VFD002S21B/23A, VFD004S21B/23A/43A/43B/43E, VFD007S21B/23A/43A/43B/43E,
VFD015S23D
Power terminal
AC Input Line
Ter minal
G roun d
Motor
Conne ction
Br ak e DC Reac to r
Res istor
Power Terminal:
Torque: 12 kgf-cm (10 lbf-in)
Wire Gauge: 14-20 AWG (2.1-0.5mm2)
Wire Type: Copper only, 75oC
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
2-29
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
VFD002S21A/E, VFD004S21A/E, VFD007S21A/E
Power terminal
AC Input Line
Terminal
Groun d
Motor
Conne ction
Brak e DC Reactor
Res istor
Power Terminal:
Torque: 12 kgf-cm (10 lbf-in)
Wire Gauge: 14-20 AWG (2.1-0.5mm2)
Wire Type: Copper only, 75oC
2-30
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
VFD007S11A/B
Power terminal
AC Input Line
Terminal
G roun d
Motor
Conne ction
Brak e Res is tor
Power Terminal:
Torque: 20 kgf-cm (17.4 lbf-in)
Wire Gauge: 10-18 AWG (5.3-0.8mm2)
Wire Type: stranded copper only, 75oC
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
2-31
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
VFD015S21U/43D/43E/43U, VFD022S21U/23D/43D/43E/43U
Power terminal
AC Input Line
Terminal
Groun d
Motor
Conne ction
Br ak e DC Reacto r
Res istor
Power Terminal:
Torque: 20 kgf-cm (17.4 lbf-in)
Wire Gauge: 10-18 AWG (5.3-0.8mm2)
Wire Type: stranded copper only, 75oC
2-32
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
VFD015S21D/E, VFD022S21D/E
Power terminal
AC Input Line
Ter minal
Groun d
Motor
Conne ction
Br ak e DC Reacto r
Res istor
Power Terminal:
Torque: 20 kgf-cm (17.4 lbf-in)
Wire Gauge: 10-18 AWG (5.3-0.8mm2)
Wire Type: stranded copper only, 75oC
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
2-33
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|VFD-S Series
This page intentionally left blank
2-34
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 3 Start Up
3.1 Preparations before Start-up
Carefully check the following items before proceeding.
„
Make sure that the wiring is correct. In particular, check that the output terminals U/T1,
„
Verify that there are no short-circuits between terminals and from terminals to ground or
„
Check for loose terminals, connectors or screws.
„
Verify that no other equipment is connected to the AC motor.
„
Make sure that all switches are OFF before applying power to ensure that the AC motor
„
Make sure that the front cover is correctly installed before applying power.
„
Do NOT operate the AC motor drive with humid hands.
„
Check the following items after applying power: The display without digital keypad should
V/T2, W/T3 are NOT connected to power and that the drive is well grounded.
mains power.
drive doesn’t start running and there is no abnormal operation after applying power.
be as following.
-The keypad should light up as follows (normal status with no error)
RUN
FWD
REV
MIN. MAX.
STOP
RUN
STOP/RESET
MODE
When power is ON,
LEDs “STOP” and “FWD”
should light up. The
display will show “F60.0”.
PROG
DATA
- If the drive has built-in fan, it should run.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
3-1
Chapter 3 Start Up| VFD-S Series
3.2 Operation Method
Refer to 4.2 How to operate the digital keypad and chapter 5 parameters for setting. Please choose
a suitable method depending on application and operation rule. The operation is usually done as
shown in the following table.
Operation Method
Operation Command
Source
Frequency Source
Keypad
RUN
M2
M3
Operate from
external signal
GND
Parameter
setting:
4-05=15
4-06=16
STOP/RESET
External terminals
input:
M0-GND
M1-GND
AVI, ACI
3.3 Trial Run
After finishing checking the items in “3.1 preparation before start-up”, you can perform a trial run.
1.
After applying power, verify that the display shows “F60.0”.
2.
Setting Pr.2-00 to d0, and setting Pr.2-01 to d0 as well. (Refer to Chapter 4 for the operation
of the digital keypad.)
3.
4.
Setting frequency to about 5Hz by using
Pressing
RUN
should press
press
5.
key for forward running. And if you want to change to reverse running, you
key in
STOP/RESET
key.
page. And if you want to decelerate to stop, please
key.
Check following items:
„
Check if the motor direction of rotation is correct.
„
Check if the motor runs steadily without abnormal noise and vibration.
„
Check if acceleration and deceleration are smooth.
If the results of trial run are normal, please start the formal run.
3-2
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 3 Start Up| VFD-S Series
NOTE
1. Stop running immediately if any fault occurs and refer to the troubleshooting guide for solving the
problem.
2. Do NOT touch output terminals U/T1, V/T2, W/T3 when power is still applied to R/L1, S/L2, T/L3
even when the AC motor drive has stopped. The DC-link capacitors may still be charged to
hazardous voltage levels, even if the power has been turned off.
3. To avoid damage to components, do not touch them or the circuit boards with metal objects or
your bare hands.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
3-3
Chapter 3 Start Up| VFD-S Series
This page intentionally left blank
3-4
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 4 Digital Keypad Operation
4.1 Description of the Digital Keypad
LED Display
Indicate frequency, motor
parameter setting value
and alarm contents.
LED indication
Light during RUN,
STOP, FWD and
REV operation.
RUN
FWD
REV
Potentiometer for
frequency setting.
Could be the Master
Frequency input
by setting Pr.2-00.
Mode Key
Change between
different display
modes.
MIN. MAX.
STOP
RUN Key
Start inverter drive operation.
STOP/RESET Key
Stop inverter drive operation
and reset the inverter after
faults occurred.
RUN
STOP/RESET
PROG
DATA
MODE
PROG/DATA Key
Set the different parameters
and enter information.
UP and DOWN Key
Sets the parameter number
or changes the numerical
data such as the freq.
reference.
4.2 Explanation of LED Indicators
Stop AC drive when STOP
button has been pressed.
RUN
FWD
REV
STOP
REV LED lights during reverse operation.
FWD LED lights during forward operation.
RUN LED lights during RUN operation.
4.3 Explanations of Display Messages
Display Message
Descriptions
Displays the AC drive Master Frequency.
Displays the actual output frequency at terminals U/T1, V/T2, and W/T3.
User defined unit (where U = F x Pr.0-05)
Displays the output current at terminals U/T1, V/T2, and W/T3.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
4-1
Chapter 4 Digital Keypad Operation|VFD-S Series
Display Message
Descriptions
The internal PLC process step currently being performed.
Displays the DC-BUS voltage
Displays the output voltage
Displays the AC motor drive forward run status.
Displays the AC motor drive reverse run status.
The counter value (C).
Displays the selected group.
Displays the selected parameter.
Displays the actual stored value of the selected parameter.
Display “End” for approximately one second if input has been accepted.
After a parameter value has been set, the new value is automatically
stored in memory. To modify an entry, use the
keys.
Display “Err”, if the input is invalid.
4-2
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 4 Digital Keypad Operation|VFD-S Series
4.4 How to Operate the Digital Keypad
Setting Mode
START
Note: In the selection mode, press
Setting parameters
GO START
to set the parameters.
move down to the previous display
or
Success to
set parameter.
Input data error
move up to the previous display
NOTE:In the parameter setting mode, you can press
to return the selecting mode.
To shift data
START
Setting direction (When operation source is digital keypad)
or
or
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
4-3
Chapter 4 Digital Keypad Operation|VFD-S Series
This page intentionally left blank
4-4
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters
The VFD-S parameters are divided into 11 groups by property for easy setting. In most applications,
the user can finish all parameter settings before start-up without the need for re-adjustment during
operation.
The 11 groups are as follows:
Group 0:
User Parameters
Group 1:
Basic Parameters
Group 2:
Operation Method Parameters
Group 3:
Output Function Parameters
Group 4:
Input Function Parameters
Group 5:
Multi-Step Speed and PLC Parameters
Group 6:
Protection Parameters
Group 7:
Motor Parameters
Group 8:
Special Parameters
Group 9:
Communication Parameters
Group A:
PID Parameters
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-1
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
5.1 Summary of Parameter Settings
: The parameter can be set during operation.
Group 0 User Parameters
Pr.
0-00
0-01
0-02
Explanation
Identity Code of the AC Motor Drive
Rated Current Display of the AC
Motor Drive
Parameter Reset
0-03 Start-up Display Selection
0-04 Content of Multi-Function Display
0-05
0-06
0-07
0-08
0-09
User-Defined Coefficient K
Software Version
Password Input
Password Set
Memory Mode Selections
Settings
Read-only
Read-only
d09: All parameters are reset to
factory settings (50Hz,
220V/380V)
d10: All parameters are reset to
factory settings (60Hz,
220V/440V)
d0: Display the frequency command
value (LED F)
d1: Display the actual output
frequency (LED H)
d2: Multifunction display, see Pr.0004
d3: Display output current (LED A)
d4: Display forward/reverse
command (Frd/rEv)
d0: Display User-Defined Unit (u)
d1: Display Counter Value (C)
d2: Display Process Operation (1.tt)
d3: Display DC-BUS Voltage ( u )
d4: Display output voltage (E)
d5: Display frequency commands of
PID (P)
d6: Display analog feedback signal
value (b) (%)
d7: Display output voltage
command (G)
d0.1 to d160
Read-only
d0 to d999
d0 to d999
d0 to d63
Factory
NOTE
Setting
d#
d##.#
d0
d0
d0
d1.0
d#.#
d0
d0
d8
Group 1 Basic Parameters
Pr.
1-00
1-01
1-02
1-03
5-2
Explanation
Settings
Maximum Output Frequency (Fmax)
d50.0 to d400 Hz
Maximum Voltage Frequency (Fbase) d10.0 to d400 Hz
230V series: d2.0V to d255V
Maximum Output Voltage (Vmax)
460V series: d4.0V to d510V
Mid-Point Frequency (Fmid)
d1.0 to d400 Hz
Factory
NOTE
Setting
d60.0
d60.0
d220
d440
d1.0
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Pr.
1-04
Explanation
Mid-Point Voltage (Vmid)
1-05
Minimum Output Frequency (Fmin)
1-06
Minimum Output Voltage (Vmin)
1-07
1-08
1-09
1-10
1-11
1-12
1-13
1-14
Output Frequency Upper Limit
Output Frequency Lower Limit
Accel Time 1
Decel Time 1
Accel Time 2
Decel Time 2
Jog Acceleration / Deceleration Time
Jog Frequency
1-15
Auto acceleration / deceleration (refer
to Accel/Decel time setting)
1-16
1-17
Acceleration S-Curve
Deceleration S-Curve
1-18
Jog Decelerating Time
Settings
230V series: d2.0V to d255V
460V series: d4.0V to d510V
d1.0 to d60.0 Hz
230V series: d2.0V to d255V
460V series: d4.0V to d510V
d1 to d110%
d0 to d100%
d0.1 to d600 Sec
d0.1 to d600 Sec
d0.1 to d600 Sec
d0.1 to d600 Sec
d0.1 to d600 Sec
d1.0 Hz to d400 Hz
d0: Linear Accel/Decel
d1: Auto Accel, Linear Decel
d2: Linear Accel, Auto Decel
d3: Auto Accel/Decel (Set by load)
d4: Linear Accel; Auto Decel, Stall
Prevention during Decel
d5: Auto Accel/Decel, Stall
Prevention during Decel
d0 to d7
d0 to d7
d0.0 Jog Decelerating Time
Determined by Pr.1-13
d0.1 to d600
Factory
NOTE
Setting
d12
d24
d1.0
d12.0
d24.0
d100
d0
d10.0
d10.0
d10.0
d10.0
d10.0
d6.0
d0
d0
d0
d0.0
Group 2 Operation Method Parameters
Pr.
2-00
Explanation
Source of Master Frequency
Command
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Settings
d0: Master Frequency input
determined by digital keypad.
(record the frequency of power
loss and it can do analog
overlap plus)
d1: Master Frequency determined
by analog signal DC 0V-10V
(external terminal AVI). (won’t
record the frequency of power
loss and it can’t do analog
overlap plus)
d2: Master Frequency determined
by analog signal DC 4mA 20mA (external terminal AVI).
(won’t record the frequency of
power loss and it can’t do
analog overlap plus)
Factory
NOTE
Setting
d0
5-3
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Pr.
2-00
2-01
2-02
2-03
2-04
2-05
2-06
5-4
Explanation
Settings
d3: Master Frequency determined
by Potentiometer on the digital
keypad. (won’t record the
frequency of power loss and it
can do analog overlap plus)
d4: Master Frequency operated by
RS-485 serial communication
interface and record frequency
Source of Master Frequency
of power loss. (record the
Command
frequency of power loss and it
can do analog overlap plus)
d5: Master Frequency operated by
RS-485 serial communication
interface and won’t record
frequency before power loss.
(won’t record the frequency of
power loss and it can do analog
overlap plus)
d0: Digital Keypad
d1: External terminals. Keypad
STOP/RESET enabled.
d2: External terminals. Keypad
STOP/RESET disabled.
Source of Operation
d3: RS-485 serial communication
Command
(RJ-11) .Keypad STOP/RESET
enabled.
d4: RS-485 serial communication
(RJ-11). Keypad STOP/RESET
disabled.
d0: STOP: ramp to stop; E.F.: coast
to stop
Stop Method
d1: STOP: coast to stop; E.F.: coast
to stop
d3: 3KHz
d4: 4KHz
d5: 5KHz
d6: 6KHz
PWM Carrier Frequency Selections
d7: 7KHz
d8: 8KHz
d9: 9KHz
d10: 10KHz
d0: Enable forward/reverse
Motor Direction Control
operation
d1: Disable reverse operation
d0: Decelerate to 0 Hz
d1: Coast to stop and display “EF”
Loss of ACI Signal
d2: Continue operation by last
frequency command
d0: Disable
Analog Auxiliary Frequency Operation d1: Enable + AVI
d2: Enable + ACI
Factory
NOTE
Setting
d0
d0
d0
d10
d0
d0
d0
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Group 3 Output Function Parameters
Pr.
3-00
Explanation
Analog Output Signal
Settings
d0: analog frequency meter
d1: analog current meter
Factory
NOTE
Setting
d0
3-01 Analog Output Gain
3-02 Desired Frequency Attained
d1 to d200%
d1.0 to d400 Hz
3-03
3-04
d0 to d999
d0 to d999
d0
d0
d0: No Function
d1
d1: AC Drive Operational
d2: Master Frequency Attained
d3: Zero Speed
d4: Over Torque Detection
d5: Base-Block (B.B.) Indication
d6: Low-Voltage Indication
d7: Operation Mode Indication
d8: Fault Indication
d9: Desired Frequency Attained
d10: PLC Program Running
d11: PLC Program Step Completed
d12: PLC Program Completed
d13: PLC Program Operation
Paused
d14: Terminal Count Value Attained
d15: Preliminary Count Value
Attained
d16: AC Motor Drive Ready
d17: FWD command Indication
d18: REV command Indication
d8
3-05
3-06
Terminal Count Value
Preliminary Count Value
Multi-Function Output Terminal 1
(Photocoupler Output)
Multi-Function Output Terminal 2
(Relay Output)
d100
d1.0
Group 4 Input Function Parameters
Pr.
Explanation
4-00 Potentiometer Bias Frequency
4-01
4-02
4-03
Potentiometer Bias
Polarity
Potentiometer
Frequency Gain
Potentiometer Reverse
Motion Enable
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Settings
d 0.0 to d 100.0%
d0: Positive Bias
d1: Negative Bias
d1 to d200 %
d0: Forward Motion Only
d1: Reverse Motion enabled
Factory
NOTE
Setting
d0.0
d0
d100
d0
5-5
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Pr.
Explanation
4-04
Multi-Function Input Terminal 1 (M0,
M1)
4-05
Multi-Function Input Terminal 2 (M2)
4-06
Multi-Function Input Terminal 3 (M3)
4-07
Multi-Function Input Terminal 4 (M4)
4-08
Multi-Function Input Terminal 5 (M5)
4-09
Line Start Lockout
4-10
Up/Down Mode
4-11
Accel/Decel Rate of Change of
UP/DOWN Operation with Constant
Speed
5-6
Settings
d0: No Function
d1: FWD/STOP, REV/STOP
d2: FWD/REV, RUN/STOP
d3: 3-wire Operation Control Mode
d4: E.F. External Fault Input (N.O.)
d5: E.F. External Fault Input (N.C.)
d6: Reset
d7: Multi-Step Speed Command 1
d8: Multi-Step Speed Command 2
d9: Multi-Step Speed Command 3
d10: Jog Operation
d11: Accel/decel Inhibit
d12: First or Second
Acceleration/deceleration Time
Selection
d13: External base block (N.O.)
d14: External base block (N.C.)
d15: Up: Increment master
frequency
d16: Down: Decrement master
frequency
d17: Run PLC Program
d18: Pause PLC Program
d19: Counter Trigger Signal
d20: Counter Reset
d21: Select ACI / Deselect AVI
d22: PID Function Disabled
d23: JOG FWD
d24: JOG REV
d25: The source of master
frequency is AVI.
d26: The source of master
frequency is ACI.
d27: Press UP/DOWN key to switch
forward/reverse (N.O.) motion
d28: Press UP/DOWN key to switch
forward/reverse (N.C.) motion
d29: M0: 0: RUN 1: STOP, M1: no
function, Direction is controlled
by keypad
d0: Disable
d1: Enable
d0: Based on accel/decel time
d1: Up frequency according to
constant speed, down frequency
according to deceleration time
d2: Up frequency according to
acceleration time, down
frequenc according to constant
speed
d3: Constant speed
0~1000, unit: 5 Hz/sec
Factory
NOTE
Setting
d1
d6
d7
d8
d9
d0
d3
d1
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Group 5 Multi-Step Speed and PLC Parameters
Pr.
Explanation
5-00
5-01
5-02
5-03
5-04
5-05
5-06
1st Step Speed Freq.
2nd Step Speed Freq.
3rd Step Speed Freq.
4th Step Speed Freq.
5th Step Speed Freq.
6th Step Speed Freq.
7th Step Speed Freq.
5-07
PLC Mode
5-08
5-09
5-10
5-11
5-12
5-13
5-14
5-15
5-16
PLC Forward/ Reverse Motion
Time Duration of Master Speed
Time Duration of 1st Step Speed
Time Duration of 2nd Step Speed
Time Duration of 3rd Step Speed
Time Duration of 4th Step Speed
Time Duration of 5th Step Speed
Time Duration of 6th Step Speed
Time Duration of 7th Step Speed
Settings
d0.0 to d400 Hz
d0.0 to d400 Hz
d0.0 to d400 Hz
d0.0 to d400 Hz
d0.0 to d400 Hz
d0.0 to d400 Hz
d0.0 to d400 Hz
d0: Disable PLC Operation
d1: Execute one program cycle
d2: Continuously execute program
cycles
d3: Execute one program cycle step
by step
d4: Continuously execute one
program cycle step by step
d5: Disable PLC operation, but can
set direction of 1st speed to 7th
speed
d0 to d255 (0: FWD 1: REV)
d0 to d65500 Sec
d0 to d65500 Sec
d0 to d65500 Sec
d0 to d65500 Sec
d0 to d65500 Sec
d0 to d65500 Sec
d0 to d65500 Sec
d0 to d65500 Sec
Factory
NOTE
Setting
d0.0
d0.0
d0.0
d0.0
d0.0
d0.0
d0.0
d0
d0
d0
d0
d0
d0
d0
d0
d0
d0
Group 6 Protection Parameters
Pr.
6-00
6-01
6-02
6-03
Explanation
Over-Voltage Stall Prevention
Over-Voltage Stall Prevention Level
Over-Current Stall Prevention Level
Over-Torque Detection Mode
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Settings
d0: Disable
d1: Enable
115V/230V series: d350 to d410V
460V series: d700 to d820V
d20 to d150%
d0: Disabled
d1: Enabled during constant speed
operation. After the over-torque
is detected, keep running until
OL1 or OL occurs.
d2: Enabled during constant speed
operation. After the over-torque
is detected, stop running.
d3: Enabled during running and
continues before Continuous
Output Time Limit (Pr.6-05) is
reached.
Factory
NOTE
Setting
d1
d390
d780
d130
d0
5-7
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Pr.
Explanation
6-04
6-05
Over-Torque Detection Level
Over-Torque Detection Time
Electronic Thermal Overload Relay
6-06
Selection
Electronic Thermal
6-07
Characteristic
6-08
Present Fault Record
6-09
Second Most Recent Fault Record
6-10
5-8
Third Most Recent Fault Record
Settings
d4: Enabled during running. After
the over-torque is detected, stop
running.
d30 to d200%
d0.1 to d10.0 Sec
Factory
NOTE
Setting
d150
d0.1
d0 to d2
d2
d30 to d600 Sec
d60
d0: No fault
d1: Over current (oc)
d2: Over voltage (ov)
d3: Over heat (oH)
d4: Over load (oL)
d5: Over load (oL1)
d6: External fault (EF)
d7: Reserved
d8: Reserved
d9: Excess current during
acceleration (ocA)
d10: Excess current during
deceleration (ocd)
d11: Excess current during steady
state (ocn)
d12: Ground fault (GF)
d13: Reserved
d14: Low voltage (Lv)
d15: CPU failure 1 (cF1)
d16: CPU failure 2 (cF2)
d17: Base block (b.b.)
d18: Overload (oL2)
d19: Auto acceleration/deceleration
failure (cFA)
d20: Software protection enable
(codE)
d21: Reserved
d22: CPU failure (cF3.1)
d23: CPU failure (cF3.2)
d24: CPU failure (cF3.3)
d25: CPU failure (cF3.4)
d26: CPU failure (cF3.5)
d27: CPU failure (cF3.6)
d28: CPU failure (cF3.7)
d29: Hardware protection failure
(HPF.1)
d30: Hardware protection failure
(HPF.2)
d31: Hardware protection failure
(HPF.3)
d32: Communication time-out
(CE10)
d33: Reserved
d34: Software error (SErr)
d0
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Pr.
Explanation
Settings
Factory
NOTE
Setting
d35: Reserved
d36: PID error (Pld)
d37: Reserved
d38: Phase loss (PHL)
Group 7 Motor Parameters
Pr.
7-00
7-01
7-02
7-03
Explanation
Motor Rated Current
Motor No-Load Current
Torque Compensation
Slip Compensation
Settings
d30 to d120%
d0 to d90%
d0 to d10
d0.0 to d10.0
Factory
NOTE
Setting
d85
d50
d1
d0.0
Group 8 Special Parameters
Pr.
8-00
8-01
8-02
8-03
8-04
8-05
8-06
8-07
8-08
8-09
8-10
8-11
8-12
8-13
8-14
8-15
8-16
8-17
Explanation
DC Brake Voltage Level
DC Brake Time during Start-Up
DC Brake time during Stopping
Start-Point for DC Brake
Settings
d0 to d30%
d0.0 to d60.0 Sec
d0.0 to d60.0 Sec
d0.0 to d400 Hz
d0: Operation stops after
Momentary Power Loss
d1: Operation continues after
momentary power loss, speed
Momentary Power Loss Operation
search starts with the Master
Selection
Frequency reference value
d2: Operation continues after
momentary power loss, speed
search starts with the minimum
frequency
Maximum Allowable Power Loss Time d0.3 to d5.0 Sec
B.B. Time for Speed Search
d0.3 to d5.0 Sec
Current Limit for Speed Search
d30 to d200%
Skip Frequency 1 Upper Limit
d0.0 to d400 Hz
Skip Frequency 1 Lower Limit
d0.0 to d400 Hz
Skip Frequency 2 Upper Limit
d0.0 to d400 Hz
Skip Frequency 2 Lower Limit
d0.0 to d400 Hz
Skip Frequency 3 Upper Limit
d0.0 to d400 Hz
Skip Frequency 3 Lower Limit
d0.0 to d400 Hz
Auto Restart After Fault
d0 to d10
d0: Enable
AVR Function
d1: Disable
d2: Disable when deceleration
115V/230V series: d350 to d450V
Software Brake Level
460V series: d700 to d900V
DC Brake Lower Bound Limit
d0.0 to d400 Hz
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Factory
NOTE
Setting
d0
d0.0
d0.0
d0.0
d0
d2.0
d0.5
d150
d0.0
d0.0
d0.0
d0.0
d0.0
d0.0
d0
d2
d380
d760
d0.0
5-9
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Group 9 Communication Parameters
Pr.
9-00
Explanation
Communication
Address
9-01 Transmission Speed
9-02
Transmission Fault
Treatment
9-03 Time-out Detection
9-04
Communication
Protocol
Settings
d1 to d254
Factory
NOTE
Setting
d1
d0: Baud Rate 4800 bps
d1: Baud Rate 9600 bps
d2: Baud Rate 19200 bps
d3: Baud Rate 38400 bps
d0: Warn and Keep Operating
d1: Warn and Ramp to Stop
d2: Warn and Coast to Stop
d3: Keep Operating without Warning
d0: Disable
d1 to d20: time setting (1 sec
increment)
d0: 7,N,2 (Modbus, ASCII)
d1: 7,E,1 (Modbus, ASCII)
d2: 7,O,1 (Modbus, ASCII)
d3: 8,N,2 (Modbus, ASCII)
d4: 8,E,1 (Modbus, ASCII)
d5: 8,O,1 (Modbus, ASCII)
d6: 8,N,2 (Modbus, RTU)
d7: 8,E,1 (Modbus, RTU)
d8: 8,O,1 (Modbus, RTU)
d1
d0
d0
d0
Group A PID Parameters
Pr.
Explanation
A-00
Input terminal for PID Feedback
A-01
A-02
A-03
A-04
A-05
A-06
A-07
A-08
Gain over PID Detection value
Proportional Gain (P)
Integral Time (I)
Derivative Control (D)
Upper Bound for Integral Control
Primary Delay Filter Time
PID Output Freq. Limit
Feedback Signal Detection Time
5-10
Settings
d0: Disable PID function
d1: Negative PID feedback from
external terminal (AVI) 0 to
+10V
d2: Negative PID feedback from
external terminal (ACI) 4 to
20mA
d3: Positive PID feedback from
external terminal (AVI) 0 to
+10V
d4: Positive PID feedback from
external terminal (ACI) 4 to
20mA
d0 to d999
d0 to d999
d0 to d999
d0 to d100
d0 to d100%
d0 to d999
d0 to d110%
d0.0 to d650 seconds
Factory
NOTE
Setting
d0
d100
d100
d100
d0
d100
d0
d100
d0.0
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Pr.
A-09
A-10
A-11
A-12
A-13
Explanation
Treatment of the Erroneous
Feedback Signals
Sleep Frequency
Wakeup Frequency
Sleep Period
PID User Defined
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Settings
d0: warn and RAMP to stop
d1: warn and COAST to stop
d0.0 to d400Hz
d0.0 to d400Hz
d0.0 to d650 seconds
d0.0 to d400
Factory
NOTE
Setting
d0
d0.0
d0.0
d0.0
d0.0
5-11
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
5.2 Parameter Settings for Applications
„ Speed Search
Applications
Windmill, winding
machine, fan and all
inertia loads
Purpose
Restart freerunning motor
Functions
Before the free-running motor is
completely stopped, it can be restarted
without detection of motor speed. The
AC motor drive will auto search motor
speed and will accelerate when its
speed is the same as the motor speed.
Related
Parameters
8-06
8-07
„ DC Brake before Running
Applications
Purpose
When e.g. windmills,
Keep the freefans and pumps rotate running motor at
freely by wind or flow standstill.
without applying power
Functions
If the running direction of the freerunning motor is not steady, please
execute DC brake before start-up.
Related
Parameters
8-00
8-01
8-17
„ Multi-step Operation
Applications
Conveying machinery
Purpose
Functions
Cyclic operation by To control 7-step speeds and duration
multi-step speeds. by simple contact signals.
Related
Parameters
4-04~4-08
5-00~5-06
„ Switching acceleration and deceleration times
Applications
Auto turntable for
conveying machinery
Purpose
Functions
Switching
acceleration and
deceleration times
by external signal
When an AC motor drive drives two or
more motors, it can reach high-speed
but still start and stop smoothly.
Related
Parameters
1-09~1-12
4-04~4-08
„ Operation Command
Applications
General application
5-12
Purpose
Selecting the
source of control
signal
Functions
Related
Parameters
Selection of AC motor drive control by
external terminals, digital keypad or
RS485.
2-01
4-04~4-08
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
„ Two-wire/three-wire
Applications
Purpose
Functions
FWD/STOP
M0 "Open": Stop, "Close": FWD Run
Related
Parameters
4-04~4-08
REV/STOP
M1 "Open": Stop, "Close":REV Run
GND
General application
To run, stop,
forward and
reverse by external
terminals
M0 "Open": Stop, "Close": Run
RUN/STOP
M1 "Open": FWD, "Close":REV
REV/FWD
GND
3-wire
STOP
RUN
M0 Run command, Runs when "close"
M2 Stop command, stops when "Open"
M1 REV/FWD Run selection
REV/FWD "Open": FWD Run
"Close": REV Run
GND
„ Frequency Hold
Applications
General application
Purpose
Functions
Acceleration/
Hold output frequency during
deceleration pause Acceleration/deceleration
Related
Parameters
4-04~4-08
„ Auto Restart after Fault
Applications
Air conditioners,
remote pumps
Purpose
Functions
For continuous and
The AC motor drive can be
reliable operation
restarted/reset automatically up to 10
without operator
times after a fault occurs.
intervention
Related
Parameters
8-14
„ Emergency Stop by DC Brake
Applications
High-speed rotors
Purpose
Emergency stop
without brake
resistor
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Functions
AC motor drive can use DC brake for
emergency stop when quick stop is
needed without brake resistor. When
used often, take motor cooling into
consideration.
Related
Parameters
8-00
8-02
8-03
5-13
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
„ Over-torque Setting
Applications
Pumps, fans and
extruders
Purpose
To protect
machines and to
have continuous/
reliable operation
Functions
The over-torque detection level can be
set. Once OC stall, OV stall and overtorque occurs, the output frequency
will be adjusted automatically. It is
suitable for machines like fans and
pumps that require continuous
operation.
Related
Parameters
6-03~6-05
„ Upper/Lower Limit Frequency
Applications
Pump and fan
Purpose
Control the motor
speed within
upper/lower limit
Functions
When user cannot provide
upper/lower limit, gain or bias from
external signal, it can be set
individually in AC motor drive.
Related
Parameters
1-07
1-08
„ Skip Frequency Setting
Applications
Pumps and fans
Purpose
To prevent
machine vibrations
Functions
The AC motor drive cannot run at
constant speed in the skip frequency
range. Three skip frequency ranges
can be set.
Related
Parameters
8-08~8-13
„ Carrier Frequency Setting
Applications
General application
Purpose
Low noise
Functions
The carrier frequency can be
increased when required to reduce
motor noise.
Related
Parameters
2-03
„ Keep Running when Frequency Command is Lost
Applications
Air conditioners
5-14
Purpose
For continuous
operation
Functions
When the frequency command is lost
by system malfunction, the AC motor
drive can still run. Suitable for
intelligent air conditioners.
Related
Parameters
2-05
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
„ Output Signal during Running
Applications
General application
Purpose
Functions
Signal available to stop braking (brake
release) when the AC motor drive is
Provide a signal for
running. (This signal will disappear
running status
when the AC motor drive is freerunning.)
Related
Parameters
3-05~3-06
„ Output Signal in Zero Speed
Applications
General application
Purpose
Functions
When the output frequency is lower
Provide a signal for than the min. output frequency, a
running status
signal is given for external system or
control wiring.
Related
Parameters
3-05~3-06
„ Output Signal at Desired Frequency
Applications
General application
Purpose
Functions
When the output frequency is at the
Provide a signal for
desired frequency, a signal is given for
running status
external system or control wiring.
Related
Parameters
3-05~3-06
„ Over-torque Detection
Applications
Pumps, fans and
extruders
Purpose
To protect
machines and to
have continuous/
reliable operation
Functions
Related
Parameters
The over-torque detection level can be
set. Once over-torque occurs, a signal
will occur to prevent the AC motor
drive damage.
3-05~3-06
6-04
6-05
Functions
Related
Parameters
„ Output Signal at Low-voltage
Applications
General application
Purpose
When the voltage between P-N is low
Provide a signal for
voltage, a signal is given for external
running status
system or control wiring.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
3-05~3-06
5-15
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
„ Output Signal when Frequency Attained
Applications
General application
Purpose
Functions
When the output frequency is at the
desired frequency (by frequency
Provide a signal for
command), a signal is given for
running status
external system or control wiring
(frequency attained).
Related
Parameters
3-05~3-06
3-04
3-10
„ Output Signal for Base Block
Applications
General application
Purpose
Functions
When executing Base Block, a signal
Provide a signal for
is given for external system or control
running status
wiring.
Related
Parameters
3-05~3-06
„ Overheat Warning for Heat Sink
Applications
General application
Purpose
For safety
Functions
When heat sink is overheated, it will
send a signal for external system or
control wiring.
Related
Parameters
3-05~3-06
„ Multi-function Analog Output
Applications
General application
5-16
Purpose
Display running
status
Functions
The value of frequency, output
current/voltage can be read by
connecting a frequency meter or
voltage/current meter.
Related
Parameters
3-05
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
5.3 Description of Parameter Settings
Group 0: User Parameters
This parameter can be set during operation.
0-00
Identity Code of the AC Motor Drive
0-01
Rated Current Display of the AC motor drive
Settings
Read Only
Settings
Factory setting: d#
Read Only
Factory setting: d ##.#
Pr. 0-00 displays the identity code of the AC motor drive. The capacity, rated current, rated
voltage and the max. carrier frequency relate to the identity code. Users can use the following
table to check how the rated current, rated voltage and max. carrier frequency of the AC
motor drive correspond to the identity code.
Pr. 0-01 displays the rated current of the AC motor drive. By reading this parameter the user
can check if the AC motor drive is correct.
0-02
kW
115V/230V Series
0.2
0.4
0.75
1.5
2.2
HP
0.25
1.0
2.0
3.0
0.5
Pr.0-00
d0
d2
d4
d6
d8
Rated Output Current (A)
Max. Carrier Frequency
1.6
2.5
4.2
10kHz
7.5
11.0
kW
460V Series
0.4
0.75
1.5
2.2
HP
0.5
1.0
2.0
3.0
Pr.0-00
d3
d5
d7
d9
Rated Output Current (A)
Max. Carrier Frequency
1.5
2.5
4.2
5.5
10kHz
Parameter Reset
Factory Setting: d0
Settings d9
d10
All parameters are reset to factory settings (50Hz, 220V/380V)
All parameters are reset to factory settings (60Hz, 220V/440V)
This setting allows the user to return all parameters to the factory default settings.
0-03
Start-up Display Selection
Factory Setting: d0
Settings d0
d1
Display the frequency command value (LED F)
Display the actual output frequency (LED H)
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-17
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
0-04
d2
Multifunction display, see Pr.0-04
d3
Display output current (LED A)
d4
Display forward/reverse command (Frd/rEv)
Content of Multi-function Display
Factory Setting: d0
Settings d0
d1
Display the counter value (C)
d2
Display the content of PLC time (1.tt)
d3
Display the DC BUS voltage (U)
d4
Display the output voltage (E)
d5
Display frequency commands of PID (P)
d6
Display analog feedback signal value (b) (%)
d7
Display output voltage command (G)
Display the user-defined unit, where unit = H X Pr.0-05.
0-05
User Defined Coefficient K
Settings
Display the user-defined unit (u)
Unit: 0. 1
d0.1 to d160
Factory Setting: d1.0
The coefficient K determines the multiplying factor for the user-defined unit.
The display value is calculated as follows:
Display value = (output frequency x K)
The display window is only capable of showing three digits, yet you could use Pr.0-05 to
create larger numbers. The display windows uses decimal points to signify numbers up to five
digits as illustrated in the following:
Display
5-18
Number Represented
999
The absence of a decimal point indicates a three–digit integer.
99.9
A signal decimal point between the middle and the right-most numbers is a true
decimal point; it separates ones and tenths as in “30.5” (thirty and one-half).
999.
A single decimal point after the right-most numbers is not a true decimal point,
instead it indicates that a zero follows the right-most number. For example, the
number 1230 would be displayed as “123.”
99.9.
Two decimal points (one between the middle and the right-most numbers, and
one after the right-most number) are not true decimal points; instead they indicate
that two zeros follow the right-most number. For example, the number 34500
would be displayed as “34.5.”.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
0-06
Software Version
0-07
Settings
Read Only
Display
d #.#
Password Input
Settings
Unit: 1
d0 to d999
Factory Setting: d0
Pr.0-07 and Pr.0-08 work together to provide data security for the AC drive. When Pr.0-08 is
set to a value other than 0, a password must be entered to alter the values of parameters.
The password is the number set in Pr.0-08, which ranges from 1 to 999. Pr.0-07 is where the
password is entered to allow parameter values to be altered.
Display states:
d0: no password / correct password has been input
d1: parameters are locked
0-08
Password Set
Unit: 1
Settings
d0 to d999
Factory Setting: d0
Display
0
No password set or successful input in Pr. 0-07
1
Password has been set
To set a password to protect your parameter settings.
If the display shows 0, no password is set or password has been correctly entered in Pr.0-07.
All parameters can then be changed, including Pr.0-08.
The first time you can set a password directly. After successful setting of password the
display will show 1.
Be sure to record the password for later use.
To cancel the parameter lock, set the parameter to 0 after inputting correct password into Pr.
0-07.
The password consists of min. 1 digits and max. 3 digits.
How to make the password valid again after decoding by Pr.0-07:
Method 1: Re-input original password into Pr.0-08 (Or you can enter a new password if you
want to use a changed or new one).
Method 2: After rebooting, password function will be recovered.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-19
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Password Decode Flow Chart
0-07
0-08
Displays 0 when
entering correct
password into
Pr.0-07.
Correct Password
END
Incorrect Password
END
0-08
0-07
Displays 0 when
entering correct
password into
Pr.0-07.
3 chances to enter the correct
password.
1st time displays "d 1" if
password is incorrect.
2nd time displays "d 2", if
password is incorrect.
3rd time displays " codE"
(blinking)
If the password was entered
incorrectly after three tries,
the keypad will be locked.
Turn the power OFF/ON to
re-enter the password.
0-09
Memory Mode Selections
Settings
Unit: 1
d0 to d63
Factory Setting: d8
This parameter is determined to save frequency, operation direction and parameter setting
after power off or not.
Setting method: input to this parameter after converting binary 6-bit to decimal. Refer to
following two tables for detail.
Bit 0 Reserved
0: save frequency
Bit 1
1: not save frequency
Bit 2 Reserved
0: save direction
Bit 3
1: not save direction
0: save parameters (except Pr.0-09 and Pr.0-02)
Bit 4
1: not save parameters
0: save Pr.0-09
Bit 5
1: not save Pr. 0-09
5-20
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
bit 5
bit4
Bit 3
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
bit 1
Setting for Pr. 0-09
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
2
8 (factory setting)
10
16
18
24
26
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
32
34
40
42
48
50
56
58
When Pr. 0-09 is set to b5=0, Pr. 0-09 setting will be saved after power on again.
When Pr. 0-02 is set to d10, all parameters (includes Pr.0-09) will be set to factory setting.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-21
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Group 1: Basic Parameters
1-00
Maximum Output Frequency (Fmax)
Settings
Unit: 0.1
d50.0 to d400 Hz
Factory Setting: d60.0
This parameter determines the AC motor drive’s Maximum Output Frequency. All the AC
motor drive frequency command sources (analog inputs 0 to +10V and 4 to 20mA) are scaled
to correspond to the output frequency range.
1-01
Maximum Voltage Frequency (Fbase)
Settings
Unit: 0.1
d10.0 to d400 Hz
Factory Setting: d60.0
This value should be set according to the rated frequency of the motor as indicated on the
motor nameplate. Maximum Voltage Frequency determines the v/f curve ratio. For example, if
the drive is rated for 460 VAC output and the Maximum Voltage Frequency is set to 60Hz, the
drive will maintain a constant ratio of 7.66 V/Hz (460V/60Hz=7.66V/Hz). This parameter value
must be equal to or greater than the Mid-Point Frequency (Pr.1-03).
1-02
Maximum Output Voltage (Vmax)
Settings 115V/230V series d2.0 to d255V
460V series
d4.0 to d510V
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: 220.0
Factory Setting: 440.0
This parameter determines the Maximum Output Voltage of the AC motor drive. The
Maximum Output Voltage setting must be smaller than or equal to the rated voltage of the
motor as indicated on the motor nameplate. This parameter value must be equal to or greater
than the Mid-Point Voltage (Pr.1-04).
1-03
Mid-Point Frequency (Fmid)
Unit: 0.1
Settings d1.0 to d400Hz
Factory Setting: d1.0
This parameter sets the Mid-Point Frequency of the V/f curve. With this setting, the V/f ratio
between Minimum Frequency and Mid-Point frequency can be determined. This parameter
must be equal to or greater than Minimum Output Frequency (Pr.1-05) and equal to or less
than Maximum Voltage Frequency (Pr.1-01).
1-04
Mid-Point Voltage (Vmid)
Unit: 0.1
Settings 115V/230V series d2.0 to d255V
460V series
5-22
d4.0 to d510V
Factory Setting: d12.0
Factory Setting: d24.0
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
This parameter sets the Mid-Point Voltage of any V/f curve. With this setting, the V/f ratio
between Minimum Frequency and Mid-Point Frequency can be determined. This parameter
must be equal to or greater than Minimum Output Voltage (Pr.1-06) and equal to or less than
Maximum Output Voltage (Pr.1-02).
1-05
Minimum Output Frequency (Fmin)
Settings
Unit: 0.1
d1.0 to d60.0Hz
Factory Setting: d1.0
This parameter sets the Minimum Output Frequency of the AC drive. This parameter must be
equal to or less than Mid-Point Frequency (Pr.1-03).
1-06
Minimum Output Voltage (Vmin)
Settings
Unit: 0.1
115V/230V series d2.0 to d255V
Factory Setting: d12.0
460V series
Factory Setting: d24.0
d4.0 to d510V
This parameter sets Minimum Output Voltage of the AC drive. This parameter must be equal
to or less than Mid-Point Voltage (Pr.1-04).
Voltage
Pr.1-02
Pr.1-04
Pr.1-06
0
Freq.
Pr.1-03
Pr.1-05
Pr.1-00
Pr.1-01
Standard V/F Curve
1-07
Output Frequency Upper Limit
Settings
d1 to d110%
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: d100
This parameter must be equal to or greater than the Output Frequency Lower Limit (Pr.1-08).
The Maximum Output Frequency (Pr.1-00) is regarded as 100%.
Output Frequency Upper Limit value = (Pr.1-00 * Pr.1-07)/100.
1-08
Settings
Unit: 1
Output Frequency Lower Limit
d0 to d100%
Factory Setting: d0
The Upper/Lower Limit is to prevent operation error and machine damage.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-23
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
If the Upper Limit of Output Frequency is 50Hz and the Maximum Output Frequency is 60Hz,
the Maximum Output Frequency will be limited to 50Hz.
If the Lower Limit of Output Frequency is 10Hz, and the Minimum Output Frequency (Pr.1-05)
is set at 1.0Hz, then any Command Frequency between 1-10Hz will generate a 10Hz output
from the drive.
This parameter must be equal to or less than the Upper Limit of Output Frequency (Pr.1-07).
1-09
Acceleration Time 1 (Taccel 1)
1-10
Deceleration Time 1 (Tdecel 1)
Unit: 0.1
1-11
Acceleration Time 2 (Taccel 2)
Unit: 0.1
1-12
Deceleration Time 2 (Tdecel 2)
Unit: 0.1
Settings
Unit: 0.1
d0.1 to d600Sec
Factory Setting: d10.0
Pr.1-9- This parameter is used to determine the time required for the AC drive to ramp from 0
Hz to its Maximum Output Frequency (Pr.1-00). The rate is linear unless S-Curve is
“Enabled.”
Pr.1-10. This parameter is used to determine the time required for the AC drive to decelerate
from the Maximum Output Frequency (Pr.1-00) down to 0 Hz. The rate is linear unless SCurve is “Enabled.”
The acceleration/deceleration time 2 determines the time for the AC drive to
acceleration/deceleration from 0Hz to Maximum Output Frequency (Pr.1-00)
(acceleration/deceleration time 1 is the default). A Multi-Function Input terminal must be
programmed to select acceleration/deceleration time 2 and the terminals must be closed to
select acceleration/deceleration time 2. See Pr.4-04 to Pr.4-8In the diagram shown below, the acceleration/deceleration time of the AC drive is the time
between 0 Hz to Maximum Output Frequency (Pr.1-00). Suppose the Maximum Output
Frequency is 60 Hz, start-up frequency (Pr.1-05) is 1.0 Hz, and acceleration/deceleration time
is 10 seconds. The actual time for the AC drive to accelerate from start-up to 60 Hz is 9.83
seconds and the deceleration time is also 9.83 seconds.
1-13
Jog Acceleration/Deceleration Time
Settings
1-14
Jog Frequency
Settings
5-24
d0.1 to d600Sec
d1.0 to d400Hz
Unit: 0.1Sec
Factory Setting: d10.0
Unit: 0.1Hz
Factory Setting: d6.0
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
The JOG function can be selected using Multi-function Input terminals (Pr.4-04 to Pr.4-08) if
programmed for Jog (d10). When the Jog terminal is “closed”, the AC drive will accelerate
from Minimum Output Frequency (Pr.1-05) to Jog Frequency (Pr.1-14). When the Jog
terminal “open”, the AC drive will decelerate from Jog Frequency to zero. The
acceleration/deceleration time is decided by the Jog acceleration/deceleration time (Pr.1-13).
During operation, the AC drive cannot perform Jog command. And during Jog operation,
other operation commands cannot be accepted, except command of FORWARD, REVERSE
and STOP keys on the digital keypad.
Frequency
Max.
output
Freq.
Pr.1-00
Jog
Freq.
Pr.1-14
1-13
1-13
Time
Acceleration Time
Jog operation
command
1-15
ON
Deceleration Time
OFF
Auto-Acceleration / Deceleration
Factory Setting: d0
Settings
d0
Linear Accel/Decel
d1
Auto Accel, Linear Decel
d2
Linear Accel, Auto Decel
d3
Auto Accel/Decel (Set by load)
d4
Linear Accel; Auto Decel, Stall Prevention during Decel
d5
Auto Accel/Decel, Stall Prevention during Decel
If the auto acceleration/deceleration is selected, the AC drive will acceleration/deceleration in
the fastest and smoothest means possible by automatically adjusting the time of
acceleration/deceleration.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-25
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
1-16
1-17
Acceleration S-Curve
Deceleration S-Curve
Settings
d0 to d7
Factory Setting: d0
These two parameters allow you to configure whether the acceleration and/or deceleration
ramps are linear or S-shaped. The S-curve is enabled when set at d1-d7. Setting d1 offers
the quickest S-curve and d7 offers the longest and smoothest S-curve. The AC drive will not
follow the acceleration/deceleration time in Pr.1-09 to Pr.1-12. To Disable the S-curve, set
Pr.1-16 and Pr.1-17 to d0.
From the diagram shown below, the original setting acceleration/deceleration time will be for
reference when the function of the S-curve is enabled. The actual acceleration/deceleration
time will be determined based on the S-curve selected (d1 to d7).
2
1
3
4
2
1
3
4
1 2
Disable S curve
3 4
Enable S curve
Acceleration/deceleration Characteristics
1-18
Jog Decelerating Time
Settings
d0.0 to d600
Unit: 0.1Sec
Factory Setting: d0.0
When Pr.1-18 is set to d0.0 Jog decelerating time determined by the setting of Pr.1-13 0.1 to
600 sec, Jog decelerating time can be set independently, separates from Pr.1-13.
When Pr.1-18 is set to 0.0, Pr.1-13 determines both Jog acceleration and deceleration time.
When Pr.1-18 is set between 0.1 to 600 seconds, which will determine Jog Decelerating Time
and Pr.1-13 will only determine Jog Accelerating Time.
5-26
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Group 2: Operation Method Parameters
2-00
Source of Master Frequency Command
Factory Setting: d0
Settings
d0
Master Frequency input determined by digital keypad. (record the
frequency of power loss and it can do analog overlap plus)
d1
Master Frequency determined by analog signal DC 0V-10V
(external terminal AVI). (won’t record the frequency of power loss
and it can’t do analog overlap plus)
d2
Master Frequency determined by analog signal DC 4mA-20mA
(external terminal AVI). (won’t record the frequency of power loss
and it can’t do analog overlap plus)
d3
Master Frequency determined by Potentiometer on the digital
keypad. (won’t record the frequency of power loss and it can do
analog overlap plus)
d4
Master Frequency operated by RS-485 serial communication
interface and record frequency of power loss. (record the frequency
of power loss and it can do analog overlap plus)
d5
Master Frequency operated by RS-485 serial communication
interface and won’t record frequency before power loss. (won’t
record the frequency of power loss and it can do analog overlap
plus)
This parameter sets the Frequency Command Source of the AC drive.
If the Frequency Command Source is external (DC 0 to +10V or 4 to 20mA), please make
sure the (AVI) terminal jumper is in the proper position as shown below.
Position of jumper: Please open the top cover. It is at the lower-left corner of the panel. The
jumper J1 determines the type of external analog input, either DC voltage signal or current
signal.
J1
Voltage signal input(0-10V)
Current signal input(4-20mA)
When setting analog overlap plus, it needs to set Pr. 2-06 to select AVI or ACI.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-27
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
2-01
Source of Operation Command
Factory Setting: d0
Settings
d0
Controlled by the keypad
d1
External terminals. Keypad STOP/RESET enabled.
d2
External terminals. Keypad STOP/RESET disabled.
d3
RS-485 serial communication (RJ-11). Keypad STOP/RESET
enabled.
d4
RS-485 serial communication (RJ-11). Keypad STOP/RESET
disabled.
When the AC drive is controlled by an external source, please refer to parameter group 4 for
detailed explanations on related parameter settings.
2-02
Stop Method
Factory Setting: d0
Settings
d0
STOP: ramp to stop
E.F.: coast to stop
d1
STOP: coast to stop
E.F.: coast to stop
The parameter determines how the motor is stopped when the AC motor drive receives a
valid stop command or detects External Fault.
Ramp: the AC motor drive decelerates to Minimum Output Frequency (Pr.1-05) according to
the deceleration time set in Pr.1-10 or Pr.1-12 and then stops.
Coast: the AC motor drive stops the output instantly upon command, and the motor free
runs until it comes to a complete standstill.
The motor stop method is usually determined by the characteristics of the motor load and
how frequently it is stopped.
(1) It is recommended to use “ramp to stop” for safety of personnel or to prevent material
from being wasted in applications where the motor has to stop after the drive is
stopped. The deceleration time has to be set accordingly.
(2) If motor free running is allowed or the load inertia is large, it is recommended to select
“coast to stop”. For example: blowers, punching machines, centrifuges and pumps.
5-28
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Frequency
output
frequency
Frequency
output
frequency
motor
speed
motor
speed
Time
operation
command
stops according to
decel eration time
STOP
RUN
Time
free run to stop
operation
command
RUN
STOP
ramp to stop and free run to stop
2-03
115V/230V/460V Series
0.25 to 3hp (0.2kW to 2.2kW)
d3 to d10 kHz
d10 kHz
Power
Setting Range
Factory Setting
This parameter determines the PWM carrier frequency of the AC motor drive.
Carrier
Frequency
Acoustic
Noise
3kHz
Significant
10kHz
Unit: 1
PWM Carrier Frequency Selections
Minimal
Electromagnetic
Noise or leakage
current
Minimal
Significant
Heat
Dissipation
Current
Wave
Minimal
Minimal
Significant
Significant
From the table, we see that the PWM carrier frequency has a significant influence on the
electromagnetic noise, AC motor drive heat dissipation, and motor acoustic noise.
2-04
Motor Direction Control
Factory Setting: d0
Settings
d0
Enable forward/reverse operation
d1
Disable reverse operation
The parameter determines whether the AC drive can operate in the reverse direction.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-29
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
2-05
Loss of ACI Signal (4-20mA)
Factory Setting: d0
Settings
d0
Decelerate to 0 Hz
d1
Coast to stop and display “EF”
d2
Continue operation by last frequency command
This parameter is only effective when the Source of Frequency is commanded by a 4 to
20mA signal. The ACI input is considered lost when the ACI signal falls below 2mA.
2-06
Analog Auxiliary Frequency Operation
Factory Setting: d0
Settings
d0
Disable
d1
Enable + AVI (0~10V)
d2
Enable + ACI (4~20mA)
This parameter is used to determinate that the analog signal to overlap is 0~10V (AVI) or
4~20mA (ACI).
5-30
To make sure the short PIN of J1 on the panel is correct position before setting this parameter.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Group 3: Output Function Parameters
3-00
Analog Output Signal (AFM)
Factory Setting: d0
Settings
d0
Analog Frequency Meter (0 to Maximum Output Frequency)
d1
Analog Current Meter (0 to 250% of rated AC motor drive current)
This parameter sets the function of the AFM output 0~+10VDC (ACM is common).
The voltage output type for this analog signal is PWM. It needs to read value by the movable
coil meter and is not suitable for A/D signal conversion.
3-01
Analog Output Gain
Settings
Unit: 1
d1 to d200%
Factory Setting: d100
The parameter sets the voltage range of the analog output signal at terminals AFM, that
corresponds with either the output frequency or the output current of the VFD.
AFM
GND
+
-
Analog Frequency Meter
AFM
GND
+
-
Analog Current Meter
The analog output voltage is directly proportional to the output frequency of the AC drive. With
the factory setting of 100%, the Maximum Output Frequency (Pr.1-00) of the AC drive
corresponds to +10VDC analog voltage output. (The actual voltage is about +10VDC, and
can be adjusted by Pr.3-01).
The analog output voltage is directly proportional to the output current of the AC drive. With
the factory setting of 100%, the 2.5 times rated current of the AC drive corresponds to
+10VDC analog voltage output. (The actual voltage is about +10VDC, and can be adjusted by
Pr. 3-01)
The voltage output type of the output signal at terinals AFM is PWM, so this analog voltage is
only suitable to connect an external movable coil meter, not suitable to connect a digital meter
or for A/D signal conversion.
NOTE
Voltmeter specification: The sourcing capability of the output is limited to 0.21mA. Sourcing voltage:
10V. Output resistance: 47kΩ.
If the meter reads full scale at a voltage less than 10 volts, then Pr.3-01 should be set by the
following formula: Pr.3-01 = ((meter full scale voltage)/10) ×100%
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-31
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
For example: When using the meter with full scale of 5 volts, adjust Pr.3-01 to 50%.
3-02
Desired Frequency Attained
Settings
Unit: 0.1
d1.0 to d400 Hz
Factory Setting: d1.0
If a multi-function output terminal is set to function as Desired Frequency Attained (Pr.3-05 or
3-06=d9), then the output will be activated when the programmed frequency is attained.
Freq.
Max. Output Detection range
Freq.
+
- 2Hz
Desired Freq.
Pr.3-02
Preset Freq.
Attained
indication
Pr.3-05 to 3-06
Desired Freq.
Attained
Indication
Pr.3-05 to 3-06
Detection range
+
- 4Hz
Detection
range
-2Hz
Time
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
Desired Freq. Attained & Preset Freq. Attained
3-03
Terminal Count Value
Settings
Unit: 1
d0 to d999
Factory Setting: d0
The parameter determines the upper limit value of the internal counter. The internal counter
can be triggered by the external terminal (Pr.4-4 to Pr.4-8, d19). Upon completion of counting,
the specified output terminal will be activated. (Pr.3-05, Pr.3-06, d14).
3-04
Preliminary Count Value
Settings
d0 to d999
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: d0
When the counter value is counted up from “1” to the setting value of this parameter, the
corresponding multi-function output terminal which set to d15 as Preliminary Counter Value
Attained will be closed. The application can be that closing the multi-function output terminal
makes the AC drive operate at low speed until stop before the counting value is going to be
attained.
5-32
The timing diagram is shown below:
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Display
(Pr.0-04=d1)
2ms
TRG
Counter Trigger Signal
Multi-function Input Terminal
2ms
The width of trigger signal
should not be less than
2ms(<250 Hz)
Preliminary Counter Value Attained Output
(Pr. 3-04=d3)
(Pr. 3-05 to Pr. 3-06=d15)
Terminal Count Value Attained Output
(Pr.3-03=d5)
(Pr.3-05 to Pr.3-06=d14)
3-05
Multi-function Output Terminal 1 (Photocoupler output)
Factory Setting: d1
3-06
Multi-function Output Terminal 2 (relay output)
Factory Setting: d8
Settings d0 to d18
Setting
Function
d0
No Function
d1
AC Drive Operational
Description
the output terminal will be activated when the drive is
running.
d2
d3
Master Frequency Attained
the output will be activated when the AC drive attains
Maximum Output Frequency.
Zero Speed
the output will be activated when Command Frequency
is lower than the Minimum Output Frequency.
d4
Over Torque Detection
the output will be activated as long as the over-torque is
detected. Pr.6-04 determines the Over-Torque detection
level.
d5
Base-Block (B.B.) Indication the output will be activated when the output of the AC
d6
Low-Voltage Indication
the output will be activated when low voltage is detected.
d7
Operation Mode Indication
the output will be activated when the operation of the AC
d8
Fault Indication
drive is shut off by external Baseblock.
drive is controlled by External Control Terminals.
the output will be activated when faults occur (oc, ov,
oH, oL, oL1, EF, cF3, HPF, ocA, ocd, ocn, GF).
d9
Desired Frequency Attained the output will be activated when the desired frequency
(Pr.3-02)is attained.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-33
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Setting
d10
Function
PLC Program Running
Description
the output will be activated when the PLC program is
running.
d11
d12
PLC Program Step
the output will be activated for 0.5 sec. when each multi-
Completed
step speed is attained.
PLC Program Completed
the output will be activated for 0.5 sec. when the PLC
program cycle has completed.
d13
PLC Operation Paused
the output will be activated when PLC operation is
paused.
d14
d15
Terminal Count Value
counter reaches Terminal Count Value.
Attained
Preliminary Counter Value
counter reaches Preliminary Count Value.
Attained
d16
AC Motor Drive Ready
d17
FWD Command Indication
When AC drive receives the command of forward
running, it will output immediately no matter AC drive is
in the state of run or stop.
d18
REV Command Indication
When AC drive receives the command of reverse
running, it will output immediately no matter AC drive is
in the state of run or stop.
5-34
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Group 4: Input Function Parameters
4-00
Potentiometer Bias Frequency
Settings
4-01
d0.0 to d100.0%
Unit: 0. 1
Factory Setting: d0.0
Potentiometer Bias Polarity
Factory Setting: d0
Settings
4-02
Positive Bias
d1
Negative Bias
Potentiometer Frequency Gain
Settings
4-03
d0
d1 to d200%
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: d100
Potentiometer Reverse Motion Enable
Factory Setting: d0
Settings
d0
Forward motion only
d1
Reverse motion enable (must be negative bias)
Pr.4-00 to Pr.4-03 are used when the source of frequency command is the analog signal (0 to
+10V DC or 4 to 20 mA DC). Refer to the following examples.
Example 1:
The following is the most common method. Set parameter 2-00 to d1 (0 to +10V signal) or d2 (4 to
20mA current signal).
Example 2:
In this example with the potentiometer set to 0V the Output Frequency is 10 Hz. The mid-point of
the potentiometer becomes 40 Hz. Once the Maximum Output Frequency is reached any further
increase of the potentiometer will not increase output frequency.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-35
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Example 3:
The example also shows the popular method. The whole scale of the potentiometer can be used as
desired. In addition to signals of 0 to 10V and4 to 20mA, the popular voltage signals also include
signals of 0 to 5V, 20 to 4mA or that under 10V. Regarding the setting, please refer to the following
examples.
Example 4:
This example shows a potentiometer range of 0 to 5 Volts.
Example 5:
In this example a 1 volt negative bias is used. In a noise environment, it is advantageous to use
negative bias to provide a noise margin (1V in this example).
5-36
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Example 6:
In this example, a negative bias is used to provide a noise margin. Also a potentiometer frequency
gain is used to allow the Maximum Output Frequency to be reached.
Max.
Output Pr.1-00
Freq.
60Hz
Gain adjustment
27
Factory Settings
Pr.1-00=60Hz--Max. output Freq.
Pr.4-00=10%--Potentiometer bias freq.
Pr.4-01=1 -- Bias polarity
Pr.4-02=111% -- Pot. freq. gain
Pr.4-03=0 -- Forward motion only
Calculation of gain
Pr.4-02=( 10V )X100%=111%
9V
0Hz
Negative
0V 1V
bias 6Hz
10V
It's 0Hz0
within
this
range.
Hz
0V
54
10V
Potentiometer Scale
Example 7:
In this example, the potentiometer is programmed to run a motor is both forward and reverse
direction. A motor will be idle when the potentiometer position is at mid-point of its scale. Using
Pr.4-03 will disable the external FWD and REV controls.
Max.
Output Pr.1-00
Freq.
60Hz
FWD
30Hz
0Hz
0V
5V
30Hz
REV
Factory Settings
Pr.1-00=60Hz--Max. output Freq.
Pr.4-00=30Hz--Potentiometer bias freq.
10V Pr.4-01=1 -- bias polarity
Pr.4-02=200% -- pot. freq. gain
Pr.4-03=1 -- pot. REV motion enable
60Hz
REV.
60
0V
0
Hz
FWD.
60
10V
Potentiometer Scale
Example 8:
In this example, the option of anti-slope is shown. Anti-slope is used in an application where control
of pressure, temperature, or flow is needed. Under a high pressure or flow situation, a sensor will
generate a large signal such as 20 mA or 10V. With anti-slope enable, the large signal will slow or
stop the AC drive.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-37
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Max.
Output Pr.1-00
Freq.
60Hz
anti-slope
0Hz
0V
4mA
4-04
30
Factory Settings
Pr.1-00=60Hz--Max. output Freq.
Pr.4-00=60Hz--Potentiometer bias freq.
Pr.4-01=1 -- bias polarity
Pr.4-02=100% -- pot. freq. gain
Pr.4-03=1 -- pot. REV. motion enable
60
0V
4mA
Hz
0
10V
20mA
Potentiometer Scale
10V
20mA
Multi-function Input Terminal (M0, M1)
Settings
d0 to d29 (Only M1 can be set to d0~d29)
4-05
Multi-function Input Terminal (M2)
4-06
Multi-function Input Terminal (M3)
4-07
Multi-function Input Terminal (M4)
4-08
Multi-function Input Terminal (M5)
Factory Setting: d1
Factory Setting: d6
Factory Setting: d7
Factory Setting: d8
Factory Setting: d9
Parameters & Functions table:
Value
Function
d0 No Function
d1
d2
d3
M0: FWD / STOP, M1: REV / STOP
M0: RUN / STOP, M1: FWD / REV
3-Wire Operation Control mode (M0,
M1, M2)
Value
Function
d15 Up: Increment master frequency
d16 Down: Decrement master frequency
d17 Run PLC Program
d18 Pause PLC Program
d4
External Fault (Normally Open)
d19 Counter Trigger Signal
d5
External Fault (Normally Closed)
d6
External Reset
d7
d8
d9
Multi-Step Speed Command1
Multi-Step Speed Command2
Multi-Step Speed Command3
d20 Counter Reset
Select ACI / Deselect AVI (the priority is
higher than Pr. 2-00 and d26)
d22 PID function disable
d23 JOG FWD
d24 JOG REV
The source of master frequency is AVI. (The
d25
priority is higher than Pr. 2-00 and d26)
The source of master frequency is ACI. (The
d26
priority is higher than Pr. 2-00)
Press UP/DOWN key to switch
d27
forward/reverse (N.O.) motion
Press UP/DOWN key to switch
d28
forward/reverse (N.C.) motion
M0: 0: RUN 1: STOP, M1: no function,
d29
Direction is controlled by keypad
d10
d11
d12
d13
d14
5-38
Jog operation
Acceleration/Deceleration Speed
Inhibit
First or Second Acceleration or
Deceleration Time Selection
External Base Block (N.O.)
(Normally Open Contact Input)
External Base Block (N.C.)
(Normally Close Contact Input)
d21
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Explanations:
d0 Parameter Disable:
Enter value (d0) to disable any Multi-Function Input Terminal: M1 (Pr.4-04), M2 (Pr.4-05), M3 (Pr.406), M4 (Pr.4-07) or M5 (Pr.4-08).
NOTE
The purpose of this function is to provide isolation for unused Multi-Function Input Terminals. Any
unused terminals should be programmed to d0 to insure they have no effect on drive operation.
d1 Two wire operation: Restricted to Pr.4-04 and external terminals M0, M1.
FWD/STOP
M0 "Open": Stop, "Close": FWD Run
REV/STOP
M1 "Open": Stop, "Close":REV Run
GND
d2 Two wire operation: Restrict to Pr. 4-04 and external terminals M0, M1.
M0 "Open": Stop, "Close": Run
RUN/STOP
M1 "Open": FWD, "Close":REV
REV/FWD
GND
NOTE
Multi-function Input Terminal M0 does not have its own parameter designation. M0 must be used in
conjunction with M1 to operate two and three wire control.
d3 Three Wire Control: Restricted to Pr.4-04 control terminals M0, M1, M2.
STOP
RUN
M0 Run command, Runs when "close"
M2 Stop command, stops when "Open"
M1 REV/FWD Run selection
REV/FWD "Open": FWD Run
"Close": REV Run
GND
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-39
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
NOTE
When value d3 is selected for Pr. 4-04, this will over ride any value entered in Pr.4-05, since Pr.4-05
must be used for three wire control as shown above.
d4, d5 External Faults:
Parameter values d4, d5 programs Multi-Function Input Terminals: M1 (Pr. 4-04), M2 (Pr. 4-05), M3
(Pr. 4-06), M4 (Pr. 4-07) or M5 (Pr. 4-08) to be External Fault (E.F.) inputs.
E.F.(N.O.)
Mx "Close": Operation available.
setting by d4
E.F(N.C.)
Mx "Open":Operation available.
setting by d5
GND
NOTE
When an External Fault input signal is received, the AC drive will stop all output and display “ E.F.”
on Digital Keypad, the motor will free run. Normal operation can resume after the External Fault is
cleared and the AC drive is reset.
d6 External Reset:
Parameter value d6 programs a Multi-Function Input Terminal: M1 (Pr.4-04), M2 (Pr.4-05), M3 (Pr.406), M4 (Pr.4-07) or M5 (Pr.4-08) to be an External Reset.
RESET
Mx "Close": Operation available
setting by d6
GND
NOTE
the External Reset has the same function as the Reset key on the Digital keypad. After external fault
such as O.H., O.C. and O.V. are clear, this input can be used to reset the drive.
d7, d8, d9 Multi-Step Speed Command:
Parameter values d7, d8, d9 programs any three of the following Multi-Function Input Terminals: M1
(Pr.4-04), M2 (Pr.4-05), M3 (Pr.4-06), M4 (Pr.4-07) or M5 (Pr.4-08) for multi-step speed command
function.
5-40
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
D7 Multi-step 1
Mx "Close": Operation available
D8 Multi-step 2
D9 Multi-step 3
Mx "Close": Operation available
Mx "Close": Operation available
GND
These three inputs select the multi-step speeds defined by Pr.5-00 to Pr.5-06 as shown in the
following diagram. Pr.5-07 to Pr.5-16 can also control output speed by programming the AC drive’s
internal PLC function.
Freq. Pr.5-00
Pr.5-04
Step 1
Step 5
Pr.5-05
Pr.5-01
Step 6
Pr.5-03
Step 2
Step 4
Pr.5-02
Pr.5-06
Step 3
Step 7
Time
Master Freq.
Mx1-GND
ON
Mx2-GND
ON
ON
ON ON
ON
ON ON
ON ON ON ON
Mx3-GND
Operation
Command
ON
OFF
d10 Jog Operation Control:
Parameter value d10 programs Multi-Function Input Terminal: M1 (Pr.4-04), M2 (Pr.4-05), M3 (Pr.406), M4 (Pr.4-07) or M5 (Pr.4-08) for Jog control.
Mx "Close": Operation available
d10 jog operation
command
GND
NOTE
Jog operation programmed by d10 can only be initiated while the motor is stopped. (Refer to Pr.1-13,
Pr.1-14.)
d11 Acceleration/Deceleration Speed Inhibit:
Parameter value d11 programs Multi-Function Input Terminal: M1 (Pr.4-04), M2 (Pr.4-05), M3 (Pr.406), M4 (Pr.4-07) or M5 (Pr.4-08) for Acceleration/deceleration Inhibit. When the command is
received, acceleration and deceleration is stopped and the AC drive maintains a constant speed.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-41
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Frequency
Master Frequency
Deceleration
inhibit
Acceleration
inhibit
Acceleration
inhibit
Deceleration
inhibit
Actual operation frequency
Time
ON
Mx-GND
ON
Operation
command
ON
ON
OFF
ON
d12 First or Second Acceleration/Deceleration Time Selection:
Parameter value d12 programs a Multi-Function Input Terminal: M1 (Pr.4-04), M2 (Pr.4-05), M3
(Pr.4-06), M4 (Pr.4-07) or M5 (Pr.4-08) to control selection of First or Second
Acceleration/deceleration time. (Refer to Pr.1-09 to Pr.1-12.)
Mx "Close": 2nd Acceleration/Deceleraion
"Open": 1st Acceleration/Deceleration
Mx set d12
GND
Frequency
Master
Pr.
Frequency 1-09
Pr.
1-10
Pr.
1-11
Pr.
Pr.
1-12 1-09
Pr.
1-12
2nd
Deceleration
1st
Acceleration/
Deceleration
Mx-GND
operation
command
2nd
Acceleration/
Deceleration
1st
Acceleration
ON
ON
ON
ON
Time
ON
OFF
d13, d14 External Base Block:
Parameter values d13, d14 program Multi-Function Input Terminals: M1 (Pr.4-04), M2 (Pr.4-05), M3
(Pr.4-06), M4 (Pr.4-07) or M5 (Pr.4-08) for external Base Block control. Value d13 is for normally
open (N.O.) input, and value d14 is for a normally closed (N.C.) input.
5-42
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
B.B.(N.O.)
setting by d13
Mx "Close": Operation available.
B.B.(N.C.)
Mx "Open":Operation available.
setting by d14
GND
NOTE
When a Base-Block signal is received, the AC drive will stop all output and the motor will free run.
When base block control is deactivated, the AC drive will start its speed search function and
synchronize with the motor speed, and then accelerate to Master Frequency.
External
base-block
signal
Pr.8-04=d1
Speed search starts with the
reference value
Output
frequency
Output
voltage
Speed synchronization
detection
Pr.8-06
Min. base-block time
Speed search operation
d15, d16 Increase/Decrease Master Frequency:
Parameter values d15, d16 program the Multi-Function Input Terminals: M1 (Pr.4-04), M2 (Pr.4-05),
M3 (Pr.4-06), M4 (Pr.4-07) or M5 (Pr.4-08) to incrementally increase/ decrease the Master
Frequency each time an input is received.
UP
setting by d15
DOWN
setting by d16
Mx "Close": Freq. will increase
by one unit.
Mx "Close":Freq. will decrease
by one unit.
GND
d17, d18 PLC Function Control:
Parameter value d17 programs Multi-Function Input Terminal: M1 (Pr.4-04), M2 (Pr.4-05), M3 (Pr.406), M4 (Pr.4-07) or M5 (Pr.4-08) to enable the AC drive internal PLC program. Parameter value
d18 programs an input terminal to pause the PLC program.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-43
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
PLC operation
Mx "Close": Run PLC.
setting by d17
Mx "Close":Pause PLC.
setting by d18
GND
NOTE
Pr.5-00 to Pr.5-16 define the PLC program.
d19 Counter Trigger:
Parameter value d19 programs Multi-Function Input Terminal: M1 (Pr.4-04), M2 (Pr.4-05), M3 (Pr.406), M4 (Pr.4-07) or M5 (Pr.4-08) to increase the AC drive’s internal counter. When an input is
received, the counter is increased by 1.
Trigger
D19 counter trigger
signal input.
Mx counter value increase by
1 when closed.
GND
NOTE
The Counter Trigger input can be connected to an external Pulse Signal Generator to count a
processing step or unit of material. See the diagram below.
5-44
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
d20 Counter Reset:
Parameter value d20 programs Multi-Function Input Terminal: M1 (Pr.4-04), M2 (Pr. 4-05), M3 (Pr.406), M4 (Pr.4-07) or M5 (Pr.4-08) to reset the counter.
Reset counter
Mx "close": reset counter.
d20 reset the counter
value.
GND
d21 Select ACI / Deselect AVI:
Parameter value d21 allows the user to select the input type ACI or AVI via an external switch. AVI is
selected when the contact is open and ACI is selected when the contact is closed. Please note: the
use of this feature will override Pr.2-00 programming and the jumper of the front of the drive must be
moved to the correct location either across the AVI or ACI pin head.
d22 PID function disable:
When input ON with this setting, PID function will be disabled.
d23 JOG FWD:
This function could be operated only when the AC motor drive is stop. The operation direction is
forward, which can’t be changed. And it can be stopped by the STOP key on the keypad. When the
contact is OFF, the AC motor drive will stop by the JOG decel time. Refer to the Pr.1-13 and Pr. 114 for detail.
d24 JOG REV:
This function could be operated only when the AC motor drive is stop. The operation direction is
reverse, which can’t be changed. And it can be stopped by the STOP key on the keypad. When the
contact is OFF, the AC motor drive will stop by the JOG decel time. Refer to the Pr.1-13 and Pr. 114 for detail.
d25 The source of master frequency is AVI. (The priority is higher than Pr. 2-00 and d26)
d26 The source of master frequency is ACI. (The priority is higher than Pr. 2-00)
d27 Press UP/DOWN key to switch forward/reverse (N.O.) motion:
When this function is enabled, press
motion. The keys
and
key for forward motion and
key to REV (N.O.)
will be disabled.
d28 Press UP/DOWN key to switch forward/reverse (N.C.) motion:
When this function is enabled, press
motion. The keys
and
key for forward motion and
key to REV (N.C.)
will be disabled.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-45
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
d29 M0: 0: RUN 1: STOP, M1: no function, Direction is controlled by keypad
RUN/STOP
M0 "Open": Stop, "Close": Run
M1 No Function
GND
4-09
Line Start Lockout
Factory Setting: d0
Settings
d0
Disable
d1
Enable
When enabled, the AC drive will not start when powered up with run commands applied. To
start in Line Start Lockout mode, the AC drive must see the run command go from stop to run
after power up. When Line Start Lockout is disable (also known as Auto-Start), the drive will
start when powered-up with run commands applied.
4-10
Up/Down Mode
Factory Setting: d0
Settings
4-11
Based on accel/decel time
d1
up frequency according to constant speed, down frequency
according to deceleration time
d2
up frequency according to acceleration time, down frequency
according to constant speed
d3
Constant speed
Accel/Decel Rate of Change of UP/DOWN Operation
Unit: 5
with Constant Speed
Settings
d0
d0 to d1000 Hz/sec
Factory Setting: d1
This parameter is used to set the acceleration/deceleration speed mode when multi-function
terminal is set to up/down frequency. (Pr. 4-04 ~ Pr.4-08, function d15, d16)
5-46
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Group 5: Multi-step Speeds and PLC (Process Logic Control) Parameters
5-00
1st Step Speed Frequency
Unit: 0.01
5-01
2nd Step Speed Frequency
Unit: 0.01
5-02
3rd Step Speed Frequency
Unit: 0.01
5-03
4th Step Speed Frequency
Unit: 0.01
5-04
5th Step Speed Frequency
Unit: 0.01
5-05
6th Step Speed Frequency
Unit: 0.01
5-06
7th Step Speed Frequency
Settings
d0.0 to d400 Hz
Unit: 0.01
Factory Setting: 0.00
The Multi-Function Input Terminals (refer to Pr.4-04 to 4-08) are used to select one of the AC
drive Multi-Step speeds. The speeds (frequencies) are determined by Pr.5-00 to 5-06 shown
above.
5-07
PLC Mode
Factory Setting: d0
Settings
d0
Disable PLC operation
d1
Execute one program cycle
d2
Continuously execute program cycles
d3
Execute one program cycle step by step
d4
Continuously execute program cycles step by step
d5
Disable PLC operation, but can set direction of 1st speed to 7th
speed
This parameter selects the mode of PLC operation for the AC drive. The PLC program can
be used in lieu of any External Controls, Relays or Switches. The AC drive will change
speeds and directions according to the user’s desired programming.
When this parameter is set to d5 and it is running by external multi-speed, the high priority of
the operation direction is Pr. 5-08.
Example 1 (Pr.5-07 = d1): Execute one cycle of the PLC program. Its relative parameter settings
are:
1.
Pr.5-00 to 5-06: 1st to 7th step speed (sets the frequency of each step speed).
2.
Pr.4-04 to 4-08: Multi-Function Input Terminals (set one multi-function terminal as d17- PLC
auto-operation).
3.
Pr.3-05 to 3-06: Multi-Function Output Terminals (set a Multi-Function Terminal as d10-PLC
operation indication, d11-one cycle in PLC auto mode or d12-PLC operation fulfillment
attainment).
4.
Pr.5-07: PLC mode.
5.
Pr.5-08: Direction of operation for Master Frequency and1st to 7th step speed.
6.
Pr.5-09 to 5-16: operation time setting of Master Frequency and1st to 7th step speed.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-47
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Frequency
Master freq.=5Hz
5-00=10 Hz 4-07=d17
5-01=20 Hz 3-05=d10
5-02=40 Hz 3-06=d11
5-03=60 Hz 5-07=d1
5-04=50 Hz 5-08=d0
5-05=30 Hz
5-06=15 Hz
Pr.5-03
60Hz
Pr.5-04
50Hz
Pr.5-02
40Hz
Pr.5-05
30Hz
Pr.5-01
20Hz
15Hz
Master 10Hz
Freq.
5Hz
0Hz
Program operation
command
5-09=10 Sec
5-10=10 Sec
5-11=12 Sec
5-12=15 Sec
5-13=15 Sec
5-14=8 Sec
5-15=17 Sec
5-16=17 Sec
Pr.5-06
Pr.5-00
Time
(Sec)
5-09
5-10
5-12
5-11
5-14
5-13
5-16
5-15
Program operation
output indication
Program step
complete
Program operation
completed
NOTE
The above diagram shows one complete PLC cycle. To restart the cycle, turn the PLC program off
and then back on.
Example 2 (Pr.5-07 = d2): Continuously executes program cycles
The diagram below shows the PLC program stepping through each speed and the automatically
starting again. To stop the PLC program, one must either pause the program or turn it off (Refer to
Pr.4-05 to 4-08 value d17 and d18).
Frequency
5-03
60Hz
5-04
50Hz
5-02
40Hz
30Hz
5-01
20Hz
15Hz
10Hz
5Hz
0Hz
Program step
complete
5-09
Master freq.=5Hz
5-00=10 Hz 4-07=d17
5-01=20 Hz 3-05=d11
5-02=40 Hz 3-06=d12
5-03=60 Hz 5-07=d2
5-04=50 Hz 5-08=d0
5-05=30 Hz
5-06=15 Hz
5-05
5-09=10 Sec
5-10=10 Sec
5-11=12 Sec
5-12=15 Sec
5-13=15 Sec
5-14=8 Sec
5-15=17 Sec
5-16=17 Sec
5-00
5-06
5-00
5-10
5-11
5-12
5-13
5-14
5-15
5-16
5-09
Time
(Sec)
5-10
Program operation
completed
5-48
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Example 3 (Pr. 5-07 = d3) Execute one cycle step by step:
The example shows how the PLC can perform one cycle at a time, within a complete cycle. Each
step will use the acceleration/deceleration times in Pr.1-09 to Pr.1-12. It should be noticed that the
time each step spends at its intended frequency is diminished, due to the time spent during
acceleration/deceleration.
Frequency
Master freq.=5Hz
5-00=10 Hz 4-07=d17
5-01=20 Hz 3-05=d11
5-02=40 Hz 3-06=d12
5-04 5-03=60 Hz 5-07=d3
5-04=50 Hz 5-08=d0
5-05=30 Hz
5-06=15 Hz
5-03
60Hz
50Hz
40Hz
5-05
30Hz
20Hz
5-06
15Hz
10Hz
5Hz
0Hz
5-09
Program step
complete
5-09=10 Sec
5-10=10 Sec
5-11=12 Sec
5-12 =15 Sec
5-13=15 Sec
5-14=8 Sec
5-15=17 Sec
5-16=17 Sec
5-13
t
5-14
t
5-15
t
5-16
t
Time
(Sec)
Program operation
completed
Example 4 (Pr. 5-07 =d4) Continuously execute PLC cycles step by step:
In this explanation, the PLC program runs continuously step by step. Also shown are examples of
steps in the Reverse direction.
Frequency
60Hz
50Hz
40Hz
Master freq.=5Hz
5-00=10 Hz 4-07=d17
5-01=20 Hz 3-05=d10
5-02=40 Hz 3-06=d11
5-03=60 Hz 5-07=d4
5-04=50 Hz 5-08=d68
5-05=30 Hz
5-06=15 Hz
5-09=10 Sec
5-10=10 Sec
5-11=12 Sec
5-12 =15 Sec
5-13=15 Sec
5-14=8 Sec
5-15=17 Sec
5-16=17 Sec
FWD
15Hz
10Hz
0Hz
5-09 t
Time
(Sec)
REV
20Hz
30Hz
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-49
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Example 5 (Pr. 5-07 = d1 Execute one cycle of the PLC program):
In this example, the PLC program runs continuously. It should be noted that the times of reserve
motion may be shorter than expected, due to the acceleration/deceleration times.
Frequency
Master freq.=5Hz
5-00=10 Hz 4-07=d17
5-01=20 Hz 3-05=d10
5-02=40 Hz 3-06=d11
5-03=60 Hz 5-07=d1
5-04=50 Hz 5-08=d68
5-05=30 Hz
5-06=15 Hz
60Hz
50Hz
40Hz
5-09=10 Sec
5-10=10 Sec
5-11=12 Sec
5-12 =15 Sec
5-13=15 Sec
5-14=8 Sec
5-15=17 Sec
5-16=17 Sec
FWD
15Hz
10Hz
Time
(Sec)
0Hz
5-09
REV
20Hz
30Hz
* The calculation of time for Pr.5-11, Pr.5-12, Pr.5-15 and Pr.5-16 should be carefully planned.
5-08
PLC Forward/Reverse Motion
Settings
Unit: 1
d0 to d255
Factory Setting: d0
This parameter controls the direction of motion for the Multi-Step Speed Pr.5-00 to Pr.5-06
and the Master Frequency. The original direction of Master Frequency will become invalid.
NOTE
The equivalent 8-bit number is used to program the forward/reverse motion for each of the 8 speed
steps (including Master Frequency). The binary notation for the 8-bit number must be translated into
decimal notation and then be entered.
Weights
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
0=Forward
1=Reverse
Director of Master Frequency during PLC
Direction of 1st speed for Pr.5-00
Direction of 2nd speed for Pr.5-01
Direction of 3rd speed for Pr.5-02
Direction of 4th speed for Pr.5-03
Direction of 5th speed for Pr.5-04
Direction of 6th speed for Pr.5-05
Direction of 7 th speed for Pr.5-06
5-50
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Weights
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Direction 0
1
1
0
0
1
0
0
0=Forward
1=Reverse
WD
Direction of 1st speed for Pr.5-00 =FWD
Direction of 2nd speed for Pr.5-01 =REV
Direction of 3rd speed for Pr.5-02 = FWD
Direction of 4th speed for Pr.5-03 = F WD
Direction of 5 th speed for Pr.5-04 = FWD
Direction of 6 th speed for Pr.5-05 = REV
7
6
5
Direction of 7th speed for Pr.5-06 = FWD
4
The setting value = bit7 x 2 +bit6 x 2 +bit5 x 2 +bit4 x 2 +bit3 x 23+bit2 x 22+bit1 x 21+bit0 x 20
= 0 x 27+1 x 26+0 x 25+0 x 24+0 x 23+1 x 22+0 x 21+0 x 20
= 0+64+0+0+0+4+0+0
= 68
Setting Pr.5-08 as d68.
5-09
Time Duration of Master Speed
5-10
Time Duration of 1st Step Speed
Unit: 1
5-11
Time Duration of 2nd Step Speed
Unit: 1
5-12
Time Duration of 3rd Step Speed
Unit: 1
5-13
Time Duration of 4th Step Speed
Unit: 1
5-14
Time Duration of 5th Step Speed
Unit: 1
5-15
Time Duration of 6th Step Speed
Unit: 1
5-16
Time Duration of 7th Step Speed
Settings
d0 to d65500
Unit: 1
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: d0
Pr.5-10 to Pr.5-16 correspond to operation time of each multi-step speed defined by
parameters 5-00 to 5-06. The maximum value of these parameters is 65500 sec., and it’s
displayed as d65.5.
NOTE
If a parameter is set to “d0” (0 Sec), the corresponding step will be skipped. This is commonly used
to reduce number of program steps.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-51
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Group 6: Protection Parameters
6-00
Over-Voltage Stall Prevention
Factory Setting: d1
Settings d0
Disable
d1
Enable
During deceleration, the motor DC bus voltage may exceed its Maximum Allowable Value due
to motor regeneration. When this function is enabled, the AC drive will stop decelerating.
Maintaining a constant output frequency when it happens. The AC drive will only resume
deceleration when the voltage drops below preset value.
NOTE
With a moderate inertial load, the over-voltage during deceleration won’t happen, and the drive will
stop in programmed time. The AC drive will automatically extend the deceleration time with high
inertial loads. If deceleration time is critical for the application, then dynamic brake resistors should
be used.
6-01
Over-Voltage Stall Prevention Level
Unit: 1
Settings 230V Series d350 to d410V
Factory Setting: 390
460V Series d700 to d820V
Factory Setting: 780
During deceleration, the DC bus voltage may exceed its maximum allowable value due to
motor regeneration. When this function is enabled, the AC drive will stop decelerating.
Maintaining a constant output frequency when it happens. The AC drive will resume
deceleration when the voltage drops below preset value.
With a moderate inertial load, the over-voltage during deceleration won’t happen, and the
drive will stop in programmed time. The AC drive will automatically extend the deceleration
time with high inertial loads. If deceleration time is critical for the application, then dynamic
brake resistors should be used.
5-52
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
DC bus voltage
Over-voltage
detection
level Pr.6-01
Band=20V
time
Output
Freq.
time
Over-voltage Stall Prevention
6-02
Unit: 1
Over-Current Stall Prevention Level
Settings
d20 to d150%
Factory Setting: d130
A setting of 100% is equal to the Rated Output Current of the drive.
During acceleration and steady-state operation, the AC drive output current may increase
abruptly to exceed the value specified by Pr.6-02 due to rapid acceleration or excessive load
on the motor. When this function is enabled, the AC drive will decrease. The AC drive will only
resume acceleration when the current drops below the level specified by Pr. 6-02.
Output current
Over-current
detection
level
Pr.6-02
ON Band=5%
OFF
time
Output
frequency
time
Over-current Stall Prevention Level
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-53
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
6-03
Over-Torque Detection Mode (OL2)
Factory Setting: d0
Settings
6-04
d1
Enabled during constant speed operation. After the over-torque is
detected, keep running until OL1 or OL occurs.
d2
Enabled during constant speed operation. After the over-torque is
detected, stop running.
d3
Over-Torque detection enabled during running, and continues to run
till OL1 or OL.
d4
Enabled during running. After the over-torque is detected, stop
running.
Unit: 1
d30 to d200%
Factory Setting: d150
This setting is proportional to the Rated Output Current of the drive.
6-05
Over-Torque Detection Time
Settings
Over-Torque detection disabled.
Over-Torque Detection Level
Settings
d0
Unit: 0.1
d0.1 to d10.0 sec
Factory Setting: d0.1
If a Multi-Function Output Terminal is set as Over-Torque Detection Indication and the output
current exceeds the Over-Torque Detection Level (Pr.6-04, Factory Setting: 150%), the OverTorque Detection Time (Pr.6-05, Factory setting: 0.1) and the setting of multi-function terminal
is Over-Torque Detection Indication, the contact will be “close”.
6-06
Electronic Thermal Overload Relay Selection
Factory Setting: d2
Settings
Operate with a Standard Motor (self-cooled by fan)
1
Operate with a Special Motor (forced external cooling)
2
Operation disabled
This function is used to protect the motor from overloading or overheating.
6-07
Electronic Thermal Characteristic
Settings
0
d30 to d600Sec
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: d60
The parameter determines the time required activating the I2t electronic thermal protection
function. The graph below shows I2t curves for 150% output power for 1 minute.
5-54
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Operation
time(min)
5
60Hz or more
4
50Hz
3
10Hz
2
5Hz
1
0
20 40 60
80 100 120 140 160 180 200
6-08
Present Fault Record
6-09
Second Most Recent Fault Record
6-10
Third Most Recent Fault Record
Load
factor (%)
Factory Setting: d0
Readings
d0
No fault
d1
Over-current (oc)
d2
Over-voltage (ov)
d3
Overheat (oH)
d4
Overload (oL)
d5
Overload1 (oL1)
d6
External fault (EF)
d7
Reserved
d8
Reserved
d9
Current exceeds 2 times rated current during accel. (ocA)
d10
Current exceeds 2 times rated current during decel.(ocd)
d11
Current exceeds 2 times rated current during steady state operation
(ocn)
d12
Ground fault (GF)
d13
Reserved
d14
Low voltage (Lv)
d15
CPU failure 1 (cF1)
d16
CPU failure 2 (cF2)
d17
Base block (b.b.)
d18
Overload (oL2)
d19
Auto acceleration/deceleration failure (cFA)
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-55
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
d20
Software protection enable (codE)
d21
Reserved
d22
CPU failure (cF3.1)
d23
CPU failure (cF3.2)
d24
CPU failure (cF3.3)
d25
CPU failure (cF3.4)
d26
CPU failure (cF3.5)
d27
CPU failure (cF3.6)
d28
CPU failure (cF3.7)
d29
Hardware protection failure (HPF.1)
d30
Hardware protection failure (HPF.2)
d31
Hardware protection failure (HPF.3)
d32
Communication time-out (CE10)
d33
Reserved
d34
Software error (SErr)
d35
Reserved
d36
PID error (Pld)
d37
Reserved
d38
Phase loss (PHL)
Pr.6-08 to 6-10 store records of the three most recent faults that had occurred. Use the reset
key to reset the drive when the fault no longer exits.
5-56
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Group 7: Motor Parameters
7-00
Motor Rated Current
Settings
d30 to d120%
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: d85
This parameter will limit the AC drive output current in order to prevent the motor from
overheating.
7-01
Motor No-load Current
Settings
d0 to d90%
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: d50
The rated current of the AC drive is regarded as 100%. Motor setting of no-load current will
effect the slip compensation. The setting value must be less than motor rated current setting
Pr.7-00
7-02
Torque Compensation
Settings
d0 to d10
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: d1
This parameter may be set so that the AC drive will increase its voltage output during start-up
to obtain a higher initial starting torque.
7-03
Slip Compensation
Settings
d0.0 to d10.0
Unit: 0.01
Factory Setting: d0.0
While driving an asynchronous motor, load on the AC drive will increase, causing an increase
in slip. This parameter may be used to compensate the nominal slip within a range of 0 to 10.
When the output current of the AC drive is greater than the motor no-load current (Pr.7-01),
the AC drive will adjust its output frequency according to this parameter.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-57
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Group 8: Special Parameters
8-00
DC Brake Current Level
Settings
Unit: 1
d0 to d30%
Factory Setting: d0
This parameter determines the level of DC Brake Voltage Level output to the motor during
start-up and stopping. When setting DC Brake Voltage, the Maximum Output Voltage (Pr.102) is regarded as 100%. It is recommended to start with a low DC Brake Voltage Level and
then increase until proper holding torque has been attained.
8-01
DC Brake Time during Start-up
Settings
Unit: 0.1
d0.0 to d60.0 sec
Factory Setting: d0.0
This parameter determines the duration of time that the DC Brake Current will be applied to
the motor during the AC drive start-up.
8-02
DC Brake Time during Stopping
Settings
Unit: 0.1
d0.0 to d60.0 sec
Factory Setting: d0.0
This parameter determines the duration of time that the DC brake voltage will be applied to
the motor during stopping. If stopping with DC Brake is desired, then Pr.2-02 must be set to
RAMP stop (d0).
8-03
Start-Point for DC Brake
Settings
Unit: 0.1
d0.0 to d400Hz
Factory Setting: d0.0
This parameter determines the frequency when DC Brake will begin during deceleration.
Output Frequency
Start-Point for
DC Brake
Time during
Stopping
01-05
Minimum Output
Frequency
Operation
Command
08-03
08-01
ON
OFF
Time
08-02
DC Brake Voltage %
5-58
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
DC Brake during Start-up is used for loads that may move before AC drive starts, such as
fans and pumps. These loads may also be moving in the wrong direction. Under such
circumstances, DC Brake can be executed to hold the load in position before applying a
forward motion.
DC Brake during stopping is used to decrease stopping time and also to hold a stopped load
in position. For high inertial loads, a dynamic brake resistor may be needed for quick
decelerations.
8-04
Momentary Power Loss Operation Selection
Factory Setting: d0
Settings
8-05
Operation stops after momentary power loss
d1
Operation continues after momentary power loss, speed search
starts with the Master Frequency reference value
d2
Operation continues after momentary power loss, speed search
starts with the minimum frequency
Maximum Allowable Power Loss Time
Settings
d0
d0.3 to d5.0Sec
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: d2.0
During a power loss, if the power loss time is less than the time defined by this parameter, the
AC drive will resume operation. If the Maximum Allowable Power Loss Time is exceeded, the
AC drive output is then turned off.
8-06
Base Block Speed Search
Settings
d0.3 to d5.0Sec
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: d0.5
When a momentary power loss is detected, the AC drive turns off for a specified time interval
determined by Pr.8-06 before resuming operation. This time interval is called Base-Block.
This parameter should be set to a value where the residual output voltage is nearly zero,
before the drive resumes operation.
This parameter also determines the searching time when performing external Base-Block and
fault reset.
8-07
Current Limit for Speed Search
Settings
d30 to d200%
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: d150
5-59
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Following a power failure, the AC drive will start its speed search operation, only if the output
current is greater than the value determined by Pr.8-07. When the output current is less than
that of Pr.8-07, the AC drive output frequency is at a “speed synchronization point”. The drive
will start to accelerate or decelerate back to the operating frequency at which it was running
prior to the power failure.
Power
Input
Maximum Allowable
Power Loss Time
08-05
Speed Search
08-04=d1
Output
Frequency
Speed
Synchronization
Detection
08-05
Speed search starts
with the Master
Frequency
Output
Voltage
08-06
Baseblock Time
Maximum
Allowable Power
08-04=d2
Speed search starts with
Min. Output Frequency
08-06
Baseblock Time
8-08
Skip Frequency 1 Upper Limit
Unit: 0.1
8-09
Skip Frequency 1 Lower Limit
Unit: 0.1
8-10
Skip Frequency 2 Upper Limit
Unit: 0.1
8-11
Skip Frequency 2 Lower Limit
Unit: 0.1
8-12
Skip Frequency 3 Upper Limit
Unit: 0.1
8-13
Skip Frequency 3 Lower Limit
Unit: 0.1
Settings
d0.0 to d400Hz
Factory Setting: d0.0
These parameters determine Skip frequency. It will cause the AC drive to skip operation at
these frequency ranges with continuous frequency output.
Pr.8-9, Pr.8-11, Pr.8-13 are for Lower Bound setting, and the settings should follow as Pr.8-9
≧Pr.8-11≧Pr.8-13.
8-14
Auto Restart After Fault
Settings
d0 to d10
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: d0
After fault occurs (allowable faults: over-current OC, over-voltage OV), the AC drive can be
reset/restarted automatically up to 10 times. Setting this parameter to 0 will disable the
reset/restart operation after any fault has occurred. When enabled, the AC drive will restart
with speed search, which starts at the Master Frequency.
5-60
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
8-15
Automatic Voltage Regulation (AVR)
Factory Setting: d0
Settings
d0
AVR function enabled
d1
AVR function disabled
d2
AVR function disabled when deceleration
AVR function automatically regulates the AC drive output voltage to the Maximum Output
Voltage (Pr.1-02). For instance, if Pr.1-02 is set at 200 VAC and the input voltage is at 200V
to 264VAC, then the Maximum Output Voltage will automatically be reduced to a maximum of
200 VAC.
Without AVR function, the Maximum Output Voltage may vary between 180V to 264VAC, due
to the input voltage varying between 180V to 264 VAC.
Selecting program value d2 enables the AVR function and also disables the AVR function
during deceleration. This offers a quicker deceleration.
8-16
Software Brake Level
Settings
Unit: 1
230V series: d350 to d450V
Factory Setting: d380
460V series: d700to d900V
Factory Setting: d760
During deceleration, the DC-bus voltage will increase due to motor regeneration. When DC
bus voltage level exceeds the Software Brake Level, the DC brake output pins (B1, B2) will be
activated.
8-17
Lower Bound of DC Brake Start-up Frequency
Settings
d0.0 to d400 Hz
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: d0.0
The setting frequency is lower than Pr.8-17, the DC Brake will not be activated when stops.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Group 9: Communication Parameters
9-00
Communication Address
Settings
d1 to d254
Factory Setting: d1
If the AC drive is controlled by RS-485 serial communication, the communication address
must be set via this parameter.
RS485
Computer
d1
S1
9-01
d2
S1
d3
S1
Transmission Speed
Factory Setting: d1
Settings
d0
Baud rate 4800 bps (bits / second)
d1
Baud rate 9600 bps
d2
Baud rate 19200 bps
d3
Baud rate 38400 bps
Users can set parameters and control the operation of the AC drive via the RS-485 serial
interface of a personal computer. This parameter is used to set the transmission speed
between the computer and AC drive.
9-02
Transmission Fault Treatment
Factory Setting: d0
Settings
5-62
d0
Warn and keep operating
d1
Warn and RAMP to stop
d2
Warn and COAST to stop
d3
No warning and keep operating
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
9-03
Time-out Detection
Factory Setting: d0
Settings
d0
Disable
d1~d20
1~20 sec
If this function is enabled, the timer will start counting once the first valid Modbus
communication signal is received after power-up or reset. The timer will reset to 0 after each
valid Modbus communication message is received. If the watchdog timer reaches the value
set in Pr. 9-03, the drive will stop its output and display the message "CE10" on the digital
keypad. This fault can reset by an external terminal, keypad or a Modbus communication
reset command.
9-04
Communication Protocol
Factory Setting: d0
Settings
d0
Modbus ASCII mode, protocol <7,N,2>
d1
Modbus ASCII mode, protocol <7,E,1>
d2
Modbus ASCII mode, protocol <7,O,1>
d3
Modbus ASCII mode, protocol <8,N,2>
d4
Modbus ASCII mode, protocol <8,E,1>
d5
Modbus ASCII mode, protocol <8,O,1>
d6
Modbus RTU mode, protocol <8,N,2>
d7
Modbus RTU mode, protocol <8,E,1>
d8
Modbus RTU mode, protocol <8,O,1>
1. Computer Control
1: +EV
2: GND
3: SG4: SG+
6
1
 There is a built-in RS-485 serial interface, marked (RJ-11 Jack) on the control terminal
block, for VFD-S Series. The pins are defined above. Each VFD-S AC drive has a preassigned communication address specified by Pr. 9-00. The computer then controls each
AC drive according to its communication address.
 VFD-S can be setup to communicate on Modbus networks using one of the following
modes: ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) or RTU (Remote
Terminal Unit). Users can select the desired mode along with the serial port
communication protocol in Pr. 9-04.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-63
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Code Description:
ASCII mode:
Each 8-bit data is the combination of two ASCII characters. For example, a 1-byte data:
64 Hex, shown as ‘64’ in ASCII, consists of ‘6’ (36Hex) and ‘4’ (34Hex).
Character
‘0’
‘1’
‘2’
‘3’
‘4’
‘5’
‘6’
‘7’
ASCII code
30H
31H
32H
33H
34H
35H
36H
37H
Character
‘8’
‘9’
‘A’
‘B’
‘C’
‘D’
‘E’
‘F’
ASCII code
38H
39H
41H
42H
43H
44H
45H
46H
RTU mode:
Each 8-bit data is the combination of two 4-bit hexadecimal characters. For example, 64
Hex.
2. Data Format
2.1 10-bit character frame (For 7-bit character):
( 7.N.2)
Start
bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
Stop Stop
bit
bit
6
7-bit character
10-bit character frame
( 7.E.1)
Start
bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
Even Stop
6
parity bit
7-bit character
10-bit character frame
( 7.O.1)
Start
bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Odd
Stop
parity bit
7-bit character
10-bit character frame
5-64
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
2.2 11-bit character frame (For 8-bit character):
( 8.N.2 )
Start
bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Stop Stop
bit
bit
6
7
Even Stop
parity bit
6
7
8-bit character
11-bit character frame
( 8.E.1 )
Start
bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
8-bit character
11-bit character frame
( 8.O.1 )
Start
bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
Odd
Stop
parity bit
8-bit character
11-bit character frame
3. Communication Protocol
3.1 Communication Data Frame:
ASCII mode:
STX
ADR 1
ADR 0
CMD1
CMD0
DATA (n-1)
…….
DATA 0
LRC CHK 1
LRC CHK 0
END1
END0
RTU mode:
START
Start character ‘:’ (3AH)
Communication address:
8-bit address consists of 2 ASCII codes
Command code:
8-bit command consists of 2 ASCII codes
Contents of data:
n x 8-bit data consist of 2n ASCII codes.
n <= 25,maximum of 50 ASCII codes
LRC check sum:
8-bit check sum consists of 2 ASCII codes
End characters:
END1= CR (0DH), END0= LF (0AH)
A silent interval of more than 10 ms
ADR
Communication address: 8-bit address
CMD
Command code: 8-bit command
DATA (n-1)
…….
DATA 0
CRC CHK
Low
CRC CHK
High
END
Contents of data:
n x 8-bit data, n<= 25
CRC check sum:
16-bit check sum consists of 2 8-bit characters
A silent interval of more than 10 ms
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-65
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
3.2 ADR (Communication Address)
Valid communication addresses are in the range of 0 to 254. A communication address
equal to 0, means broadcast to all AC drives (AMD). In this case, the AMD will not reply
any message to the master device.
00H: broadcast to all AC drives
01H: AC drive of address 01
0FH: AC drive of address 15
10H: AC drive of address 16
:
FEH: AC drive of address 254
For example, communication to AMD with address 16 decimal (10H):
ASCII mode: Address=’1’,’0’ => ‘1’=31H, ‘0’=30H
RTU mode: Address=10H
3.3 CMD (Command code) and DATA (data characters)
The format of data characters depends on the command code. The available command
codes are described as followed: Command code: 03H, read N words. The maximum
value of N is 12. For example, reading continuous 2 words from starting address 2102H
of AMD with address 01H.
ASCII mode:
Command message:
STX
ADR 1
ADR 0
CMD 1
CMD 0
Starting data
address
Number of data
(count by word)
LRC CHK 1
LRC CHK 0
END 1
END 0
5-66
Response message:
‘:’
‘0’
‘1’
‘0’
‘3’
‘2’
‘1’
‘0’
‘2’
‘0’
‘0’
‘0’
‘2’
‘D’
‘7’
CR
LF
STX
ADR 1
ADR 0
CMD 1
CMD 0
Number of data
(Count by byte)
Content of starting
address
2102H
Content of address
2103H
LRC CHK 1
LRC CHK 0
END 1
END 0
‘:’
‘0’
‘1’
‘0’
‘3’
‘0’
‘4’
‘1’
‘7’
‘7’
‘0’
‘0’
‘0’
‘0’
‘0’
‘7’
‘1’
CR
LF
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
RTU mode:
Command message:
ADR
CMD
Starting data
address
Number of data
(count by word)
CRC CHK Low
CRC CHK High
01H
03H
21H
02H
00H
02H
6FH
F7H
Response message:
ADR
CMD
Number of data
(count by byte)
Content of address
2102H
Content of address
2103H
CRC CHK Low
CRC CHK High
01H
03H
04H
17H
70H
00H
00H
FEH
5CH
(2) 06H: single write, write single data to register.
Example: writing data 6000(1770H) to register 0100H. AMD address is 01H.
ASCII mode:
Command message:
STX
‘:’
ADR 1
‘0’
ADR 0
‘1’
CMD 1
‘0’
CMD 0
‘6’
‘0’
‘1’
Data address
‘0’
‘0’
‘1’
‘7’
Data content
‘7’
‘0’
LRC CHK 1
‘7’
LRC CHK 0
‘1’
END 1
CR
END 0
LF
Response message:
STX
‘:’
ADR 1
‘0’
ADR 0
‘1’
CMD 1
‘0’
CMD 0
‘6’
‘0’
‘1’
Data address
‘0’
‘0’
‘1’
‘7’
Data content
‘7’
‘0’
LRC CHK 1
‘7’
LRC CHK 0
‘1’
END 1
CR
END 0
LF
RTU mode:
Command message:
ADR
CMD
Data address
Data content
CRC CHK Low
CRC CHK High
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Response message:
01H
06H
01H
00H
17H
70H
86H
22H
ADR
CMD
Data address
Data content
CRC CHK Low
CRC CHK High
01H
06H
01H
00H
17H
70H
86H
22H
5-67
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
(3) Command code: 10H, write n word, n<=12
For example, writing 6000(1770H) to Pr 5-00 (address 0500H) and1000(03E8H) to Pr 501 (address 0501H) with slave address 01H.
ASCII Mode:
Command message:
STX
ADR 1
ADR 0
CMD1
CMD0
Starting Data address
Number of data
(count by word)
Number of data
(count by byte)
Data content of
address 0500H
Data content of
address 0501H
LRC CHK 1
LRC CHK 0
END1
END0
RTU mode:
Command message:
ADR
CMD
Starting Data address
Number of data
(count by word)
Number of data
(count by Byte)
Data content of
address 0500H
Data content of
address 0501H
CRC CHK Low
CRC CHK High
5-68
‘:’
‘0’
‘1’
‘1’
‘0’
‘0’
‘5’
‘0’
‘0’
‘0’
‘0’
‘0’
‘2’
‘0’
‘4’
‘1’
‘7’
‘7’
‘0’
‘0’
‘3’
‘E’
‘8’
‘7
‘2
CR
LF
01H
10H
05H
00H
00H
02H
04H
Response message:
STX
ADR 1
ADR 0
CMD1
CMD0
Starting Data
address
Number of data
(count by word)
LRC CHK 1
LRC CHK 0
END1
END0
Response message:
ADR
CMD
Starting Data
address
Number of data
(count by word)
CRC CHK Low
CRC CHK High
‘:’
‘0’
‘1’
‘1’
‘0’
‘0’
‘5’
‘0’
‘0’
‘0’
‘0’
‘0’
‘2’
‘E’
‘8’
CR
LF
01H
10H
05H
00H
00H
02H
41H
04H
17H
70H
03H
E8H
C8H
2EH
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
3.4 Check sum
ASCII mode:
LRC (Longitudinal Redundancy Check) is calculated by summing up, module 256, the values of
the bytes from ADR1 to last data character then calculating the hexadecimal representation of
the 2’s-complement negation of the sum.
For example, reading 1 word from address 0401H of the AC drive with address 01H
STX
ADR 1
ADR 0
CMD1
CMD0
Starting data address
‘:’
‘0’
‘1’
‘0’
‘3’
‘0’
‘4’
‘0’
‘1’
‘0’
‘0’
‘0’
‘1’
‘F’
‘6’
CR
LF
Number of data
LRC CHK 1
LRC CHK 0
END1
END0
01H+03H+04H+01H+00H+01H=0AH, the 2’s-complement negation of 0AH is F6H.
RTU mode:
ADR
01H
CMD
03H
Starting address
21H
02H
00H
02H
6FH
F7H
Number of data
(count by word)
CRC CHK Low
CRC CHK High
CRC (Cyclical Redundancy Check) is calculated by the following steps:
Step 1: Load a 16-bit register (called CRC register) with FFFFH.
Step 2: Exclusive OR the first 8-bit byte of the command message with the low order byte of the
16-bit CRC register, putting the result in the CRC register.
Step 3: Examine the LSB of CRC register.
Step 4: If the LSB of CRC register is 0, shift the CRC register one bit to the right with MSB zero
filling, then repeat step 3. If the LSB of CRC register is 1, shift the CRC register one bit
to the right with MSB zero filling, Exclusive OR the CRC register with the polynomial
value A001H, then repeat step 3.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-69
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Step 5: Repeat step 3 and 4 until eight shifts have been performed. When this is done, a
complete 8-bit byte will have been processed.
Step 6: Repeat step 2 to 5 for the next 8-bit byte of the command message. Continue doing this
until all bytes have been processed. The final contents of the CRC register are the
CRC value. When transmitting the CRC value in the message, the upper and lower
bytes of the CRC value must be swapped, i.e. the lower order byte will be transmitted
first.
The following is an example of CRC generation using C language. The function takes two
arguments:
Unsigned char* data Å a pointer to the message buffer
Unsigned char length Å the quantity of bytes in the message buffer
The function returns the CRC value as a type of unsigned integer.
Unsigned int crc_chk(unsigned char* data, unsigned char length){
int j;
unsigned int reg_crc=0xFFFF;
while(length--){
reg_crc ^= *data++;
for(j=0;j<8;j++){
if(reg_crc & 0x01){ /* LSB(b0)=1 */
reg_crc=(reg_crc>>1) ^ 0xA001;
}else{
reg_crc=reg_crc >>1;
}
}
}
return reg_crc;
}
3.5 Address list
The contents of available addresses are shown as below:
Content
AC drive
Parameters
5-70
Address
ggnnH
Functions
gg means parameter group, nn means parameter number, for
example, the address of Pr 4-01 is 0401H. Refer to chapter 5 for
the function of each parameter. When reading parameter by
command code 03H, only one parameter can be read at one
time.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Content
Command
Address
2000H
2001H
2002H
Status
monitor
Read only
2100H
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Functions
Bit 0-1
00: No function
01: Stop
10: Run
11: Jog + Run
Bit 2-3
Not used
00: No function
01: FWD
Bit 4-5
10: REV
11: Change direction
Bit 6-15
Not used
Freq. command
Bit 0
1: EF (external fault) on
Bit 1
1: Reset
Bit 2-15
Not used
Error code:
0: No errors occurred
1: Over-current (oc)
2: Over-voltage (ov)
3: Overheat (oH)
5: Overload1 (oL1)
6: External fault (EF)
7: Not used
8: Not used
9: Current exceeds 2 times rated current during acceleration
(ocA)
10: Current exceeds 2 times rated current during deceleration
(ocd)
11: Current exceeds 2 times rated current during steady state
operation (ocn)
12: Ground Fault (GF)
13: Reserved
14: Low voltage (Lv)
15: CPU failure 1 (cF1)
16: CPU failure 2 (cF2)
17: Base block
18: Overload (oL2)
19: Auto acceleration/deceleration failure (cFA)
20: Software protection enable (codE)
21: Reserved
22: CPU failure (cF3.1)
23: CPU failure (cF3.2)
24: CPU failure (cF3.3)
25: CPU failure (cF3.4)
26: CPU failure (cF3.5)
27: CPU failure (cF3.6)
28: CPU failure (cF3.7)
29: Hardware protection failure (HPF.1)
30: Hardware protection failure (HPF.2)
31: Hardware protection failure (HPF.3)
32: CE 10
33: Reserved
34: Software error (SErr)
5-71
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Content
Address
2101H
Functions
35: Reserved
36: PID error (Pld)
37: Reserved
38: Phase loss (PHL)
Status of AC Drive
Bit 0-1
Bit 2
Bit 3-4
2102H
2103H
2104H
2105H
2106H
2107H
2108H
2109H
210AH
00: RUN LED light off, STOP LED light up
01: RUN LED blink, STOP LED light up
10: RUN LED light up, STOP LED blink
11: RUN LED light up, STOP LED light off
01: Jog active
00: REV LED light off, FWD LED light up
01: REV LED blink, FWD LED light up
10: REV LED light up, FWD LED blink
11: REV LED light up, FRD LED light off
Not used
1: Main freq. Controlled by communication
1: Main freq. Controlled by external terminal
1: Operation command controlled by communication
Bit 5-7
Bit 8
Bit 9
Bit 10
Bit 11
1: Parameters have been locked
Bit 12-15 Not Used
Frequency command F (XXX.XX)
Output Frequency H (XXX.XX)
Output Current A (XXX.XX)
DC-BUS Voltage U (XXX.XX)
Output Voltage E (XXX.XX)
Step number of Multi-Step Speed Operation
Step number of PLC operation
Time of PLC Operation
Counter Value
3.6 Exception response:
The AC motor drive is expected to return a normal response after receiving command
messages from the master device. The following depicts the conditions when no normal
response is replied to the master device.
The AC motor drive does not receive the messages due to a communication error; thus, the AC
motor drive has no response. The master device will eventually process a timeout condition.
The AC motor drive receives the messages without a communication error, but cannot handle
them. An exception response will be returned to the master device and an error message
“CExx” will be displayed on the keypad of AC motor drive. The xx of “CExx” is a decimal code
equal to the exception code that is described below.
In the exception response, the most significant bit of the original command code is set to 1, and
an exception code which explains the condition that caused the exception is returned.
5-72
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Example of an exception response of command code 06H and exception code 02H:
ASCII mode:
STX
ADR 1
ADR 0
CMD1
CMD0
Exception code
LRC CHK 1
LRC CHK 0
END1
END0
‘:’
‘0’
‘1’
‘8’
‘6’
‘0’
‘2’
‘7’
‘7’
CR
LF
RTU mode:
ADR
CMD
Exception code
CRC CHK Low
CRC CHK High
01H
86H
02H
C3H
A1H
The explanation of exception codes:
Exception
Meaning
code
Illegal command code: The command code received in the command
1
message is not available for the AC drive.
Illegal data address: The data address received in the command
2
message is not available for the AC drive.
Illegal data value: The data value received in the command message
3
is not available for the AC drive.
Slave device failure: The AC drive is unable to perform the requested
4
action.
The AC drive receives the messages, but detects a communication error, thus, no response is
returned, but there will be error message “CExx” displayed on the keypad of AC drive. The
master device will eventually process a timeout condition. The xx of “CExx” is a decimal code,
the meaning of the error message is below:
Error
Meaning
message
5
Reserved
AC drive busy:
The time interval between commands is too short. Please keep an
6
interval of 10ms at least after the return of a command. If no command
returned, please keep a 10ms interval at least for the same reason.
7
Reserved
8
Reserved
9
Check Sum Error: Check if the Check Sum is correct.
Watchdog Timer: The timer will reset to 0 after each valid Modbus
10
communication message is received.
11
Frame Error: Check if the Baud rate complies with the data format.
12
The command message is too short.
13
Command message length is out of range.
The command messages include the data that does not belong to ‘0’ to
14
‘9’, ‘A’ to ‘F except starting and end character (only for Modbus ASCII
mode).
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-73
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
3.7 Communication program of PC:
The following is a simple example of how to write a communication program for Modbus ASCII
mode on a PC in C language.
#include<stdio.h>
#include<dos.h>
#include<conio.h>
#include<process.h>
#define PORT 0x03F8 /* the address of COM1 */
/* the address offset value relative to COM1 */
#define THR 0x0000
#define RDR 0x0000
#define BRDL 0x0000
#define IER 0x0001
#define BRDH 0x0001
#define LCR 0x0003
#define MCR 0x0004
#define LSR 0x0005
#define MSR 0x0006
unsigned char rdat[60];
/* read 2 data from address 2102H of AC drive with address 1 */
unsigned char tdat[60]={':','0','1','0','3','2','1','0',’2', '0','0','0','2','D','7','\r','\n'};
void main(){int i;
outportb(PORT+MCR,0x08);
outportb(PORT+IER,0x01);
/* interrupt enable */
/* interrupt as data in */
outportb(PORT+LCR,(inportb(PORT+LCR) | 0x80));
/* the BRDL/BRDH can be access as LCR.b7==1 */
outportb(PORT+BRDL,12);
/* set baudrate=9600, 12=115200/9600*/
outportb(PORT+BRDH,0x00);
outportb(PORT+LCR,0x06);
/* set protocol, <7,N,2>=06H, <7,E,1>=1AH, <7,O,1>=0AH,
<8,N,2>=07H, <8,E,1>=1BH, <8,O,1>=0BH */
for(i=0;i<=16;i++){
while(!(inportb(PORT+LSR) & 0x20)); /* wait until THR empty */
outportb(PORT+THR,tdat[i]);
/* send data to THR */
}
i=0;
while(!kbhit()){
if(inportb(PORT+LSR) & 0x01){ /* b0==1, read data ready */
rdat[i++]=inportb(PORT+RDR); /* read data form RDR */
}
5-74
}
}
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
Group A: PID Control
A-00
Input Terminal for PID Feedback
Factory Setting: d0
Settings
d0
Disable
d1
Negative PID feedback from external terminal (AVI) 0 to +10V
d2
Negative PID feedback from external terminal (ACI) 4 to 20mA
d3
Positive PID feedback from external terminal (AVI) 0 to +10V
d4
Positive PID feedback from external terminal (ACI) 4 to 20mA
Select an input terminal to serve as the PID feedback location. Please verify the feedback
location is different from the Frequency Set Point location and J1 for selecting ACI or AVI
must be in the correct position. (Refer to Pr. 2-00 for detail)
Negative feedback = Positive target value – detection value.
Positive feedback = Negative target value + detection value.
A-01
Gain over PID Detection value
Settings
Factory Setting: d100
To adjust feedback detective gain value. It is used to adjust target value error.
A-02
Proportional Gain (P)
Settings
d0 to d999 (d100 means gain value is 1)
Unit: 1
d0 to d999% (d0: disable) (d100 means
gain value is 1)
Factory Setting: d100
This parameter is used to determinate error gain. If I = 0 and D = 0, doing proportional gain
operation.
A-03
Integral Time (I)
Settings
d0
Unit: 1
d0 to d999
Factory Setting: d100
Disable
When this parameter is defined to gain is 1 and error value is fixed, integral value is equal to
error value as the setting of integral time is attained.
A-04
Derivative Control (D)
Settings
d0 to d100
d0
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: d0
Disable
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-75
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
When this parameter is set to gain =1, PID output is Derivative time. At this time, error value –
error value of the preceding item= additional respond speed and it is easy to have over
compensation situation.
A-05
Upper Bound for Integral Control
Settings
Unit: 1
d0 to d100%
Factory Setting: d100
This parameter determines the Upper Bound for Integral Control while operating in the PID
feedback loop. (Limit = 1-00×A-05 %). During a fast Integration response, it is possible for
the frequency to spike beyond a reasonable point. This parameter will limit this frequency
spike.
A-06
Unit: 2 msec
Primary Delay Filter Time
Settings
d0 to d999
Factory Setting: d0
Primary Delay Filter Time will slow down oscillation of the system.
A setting of d0 disables this function.
A-07
PID Output Frequency Limit
Settings
d0 to d110%
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: d100
This parameter determines the limit of the PID output frequency. If this parameter is set to
110%, then the maximum output frequency while in the PID operation will be (110% x Pr.0100) 66Hz.
A-08
Feedback Signal Detection Time
Settings
d0.0 to d650 seconds
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: d0.0
This parameter defines the detection time for the loss of a feedback analog signal. The drive
will follow the operating procedure programmed in Pr.A-09 if the feedback signal is lost for
more than the time set in Pr. A-08.
A setting of 0.0 disables this function.
A-09
Treatment of the Erroneous Feedback Signals
Factory Setting: d0
Settings
5-76
d0
Warning and RAMP to stop
d1
Warning and COAST to stop
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
This parameter selects the operation of the drive upon a loss of PID feedback signal.
A-10
Sleep Frequency
Settings
A-11
Factory Setting: d0.0
Wakeup Frequency
Settings
A-12
Unit: 0.1
d0.0 to d400Hz
Unit: 0.1
d0.0 to d400Hz
Factory Setting: d0.0
d0.0 to d650 seconds
Factory Setting: d0.0
Sleep Period
Settings
Unit: 0.1
These parameters determine sleep functions of the AC drive. If the command frequency falls
below the sleep frequency, for the specified time in Pr. A-12, then the drive will shut off the
output and wait until the command frequency rises above Pr. A-11. Please see the below
diagram.
Actual running
output frequency
Frequency Command
A-11
Wakeup Frequency
A-10
Sleep Frequency
Sleep Period
A-12
0Hz
Sleep Function
A-13
PID User Defined
Settings
d0.0 to d400
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: d0.0
When parameter A-13 is set to 0, what F and H display is the actual value of setting
frequency and output frequency. When this parameter is not set to 0, the display value of F
and H = actual value ¯A-13/1-00. To set frequency with panel, communication, VR, AVI or
ACI need to set according to the display value. For example, when 1-00=60.0Hz, if A-13 is set
to 30.0 Hz, it means when the actual value of frequency is 30.00 Hz, the display value will be
15.0 Hz . If you want to let drive run at 10.0Hz, the frequency command must be 5.0 Hz. But
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5-77
Chapter 5 Parameters|VFD-S Series
the setting frequency of parameters, such as Max. operation frequency, 1st speed and etc.,
they are still needed to set with actual value.
Target
Value
+
P
A-02
I
A-03
Integration's
Upper
Bound
Frequency
A-05
+
+
+
PID Frequency
Output
Command
Limit
A-07
D
Frequency
Command
A-04
Detection
Value
Gain
A-01
One-Time
Delay
A-06
Output Value
A-00
If the input range of sensor is 0~SI_max, output range is SO_min~SO_max and then
SI_max
Input
Per output
is SO_max-SO_min , set drive input to sensor output
Set input range of drive is D_range= 10V(0~10V) or 16mA (4~20mA) that correspond to 0~1-00Hz
and then
Output
Per input
1-00
will be D_range
Display value of F, H
Actual value
According to the display value of F and H = actual value ¯A-13/1-00, and then
=A-13/1-00. If you want the result to be display value = sensor output and actual value = drive output,
SI_max
A-01
X
100
A-13 SO_max-SO_min
=
1-00
1-00
D_range
and then
A-13 =
SI_max
A-01
X
X D_range
SO_max-SO_min
100
Example:
Sensor: 0~6 psi input corresponds to 0~5V output drive AVI: 0~10V input corresponds to 0~60Hz, A01=100
100
A-13 = 6 X
X 10 = 12
5-0 100
5-78
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 6 Fault Code Information
The AC motor drive has a comprehensive fault diagnostic system that includes several different
alarms and fault messages. Once a fault is detected, the corresponding protective functions will be
activated. The following faults are displayed as shown on the AC motor drive digital keypad display.
The three most recent faults can be read from the digital keypad or communication.
NOTE
Wait 5 seconds after a fault has been cleared before performing reset via keypad of input terminal.
6.1 Common Problems and Solutions
Fault
Name
Fault Descriptions
Corrective Actions
1.
2.
3.
Over current
Abnormal increase in current.
4.
5.
6.
7.
1.
Over voltage
The DC bus voltage has
exceeded its maximum
allowable value.
2.
3.
4.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Check if motor power corresponds with the
AC motor drive output power.
Check the wiring connections to U/T1, V/T2,
W/T3 for possible short circuits.
Check the wiring connections between the AC
motor drive and motor for possible short
circuits, also to ground.
Check for loose contacts between AC motor
drive and motor.
Increase the Acceleration Time.
Check for possible excessive loading
conditions at the motor.
If there are still any abnormal conditions when
operating the AC motor drive after a shortcircuit is removed and the other points above
are checked, it should be sent back to
manufacturer.
Check if the input voltage falls within the
rated AC motor drive input voltage range.
Check for possible voltage transients.
DC-bus over-voltage may also be caused by
motor regeneration. Either increase the
Decel. Time or add an optional brake resistor.
Check whether the required brake power is
within the specified limits.
6-1
Chapter 6 Fault Code Information|VFD-S Series
Fault
Name
Fault Descriptions
Overheating
Heat sink temperature too high
Low voltage
The AC motor drive detects
that the DC bus voltage has
fallen below its minimum
value.
Overload
The AC motor drive detects
excessive drive output current.
NOTE: The AC motor drive
can withstand up to 150% of
the rated current for a
maximum of 60 seconds.
Overload 1
Internal electronic overload trip
Overload 2
Motor overload.
GFF hardware error
CC (current clamp)
OC hardware error
Corrective Actions
1. Ensure that the ambient temperature falls within
the specified temperature range.
2. Make sure that the ventilation holes are not
obstructed.
3. Remove any foreign objects from the heatsinks
and check for possible dirty heat sink fins.
4. Check the fan and clean it.
5. Provide enough spacing for adequate
ventilation. (See chapter 2)
1. Check whether the input voltage falls within the
AC motor drive rated input voltage range.
2. Check for abnormal load in motor.
3. Check for correct wiring of input power to R-S-T
(for 3-phase models) without phase loss.
1.
2.
3.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Check for possible motor overload.
Check electronic thermal overload setting.
Use a higher power motor.
Reduce the current level so that the drive
output current does not exceed the value set
by the Motor Rated Current Pr.7-00.
1. Reduce the motor load.
2. Adjust the over-torque detection setting to an
appropriate setting (Pr.6-03 to Pr.6-05).
Return to the factory.
1.
2.
Over-current during
acceleration
3.
4.
1.
Over-current during
deceleration
6-2
Check whether the motor is overloaded.
Reduce torque compensation setting in Pr.7-02
Use the next higher power AC motor drive
model.
2.
3.
Short-circuit at motor output: Check for
possible poor insulation at the output lines.
Torque boost too high: Decrease the torque
compensation setting in Pr.7-02
Acceleration Time too short: Increase the
Acceleration Time.
AC motor drive output power is too small:
Replace the AC motor drive with the next
higher power model.
Short-circuit at motor output: Check for
possible poor insulation at the output line.
Deceleration Time too short: Increase the
Deceleration Time.
AC motor drive output power is too small:
Replace the AC motor drive with the next
higher power model.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 6 Fault Code Information|VFD-S Series
Fault
Name
Fault Descriptions
Corrective Actions
1.
Over-current during
constant speed operation
2.
3.
1.
External Fault
2.
Internal EEPROM can not be
programmed.
Internal EEPROM can not be
programmed.
OH error
OV error
LV error
Short-circuit at motor output: Check for
possible poor insulation at the output line.
Sudden increase in motor loading: Check for
possible motor stall.
AC motor drive output power is too small:
Replace the AC motor drive with the next
higher power model.
When multi-function input terminals (M1-M5)
are set to external fault, the AC motor drive
stops output U, V and W.
Give RESET command after fault has been
cleared.
Return to the factory.
Return to the factory.
Return to the factory.
Drive’s internal circuitry
abnormal.
Ground fault
External Base Block.
(Refer to Pr. 8-06)
Auto accel/decel failure
Communication Error
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
When (one of) the output terminal(s) is grounded,
short circuit current is more than 50% of AC motor
drive rated current, the AC motor drive power
module may be damaged.
NOTE: The short circuit protection is provided
for AC motor drive protection, not for
protection of the user.
1. Check whether the IGBT power module is
damaged.
2. Check for possible poor insulation at the
output line.
1.
When the external input terminal (B.B) is
active, the AC motor drive output will be
turned off.
2.
Deactivate the external input terminal (B.B) to
operate the AC motor drive again.
1. Check if the motor is suitable for operation by
AC motor drive.
2. Check if the regenerative energy is too large.
3. Load may have changed suddenly.
1. Check the RS485 connection between the AC
motor drive and RS485 master for loose wires
and wiring to correct pins.
2. Check if the communication protocol, address,
transmission speed, etc. are properly set.
3. Use the correct checksum calculation.
4. Please refer to group 9 in the chapter 5 for
detail information.
6-3
Chapter 6 Fault Code Information|VFD-S Series
Fault
Name
Fault Descriptions
Software protection failure
Password is locked.
Analog feedback error or
ACI open circuit
Phase Loss
PID feedback error
Corrective Actions
Return to the factory.
Keypad will be locked. Turn the power ON after
power OFF to re-enter the correct password. See
Pr.0-07 and 0-08.
1. Check parameter setting (Pr.A-00) and
AVI/ACI wiring
2. Check for possible fault between system
response time and the feedback signal
detection time (Pr.A-08).
Check input phase wiring for loose contacts.
1.
Check PID feedback wiring.
2.
Check if the parameter setting is properly set.
6.2 Reset
There are three methods to reset the AC motor drive after solving the fault:
STOP/RESET
key on keypad.
1.
Press
2.
Set external terminal to “RESET” (set one of Pr.4-04~Pr.4-08 to 06) and then set to be
ON.
3.
Send “RESET” command by communication.
NOTE
Make sure that RUN command or signal is OFF before executing RESET to prevent damage or
personal injury due to immediate operation.
6-4
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 7 Troubleshooting
7.1 Over Current (OC)
ocA
Over-current
during acceleration
Yes
Remove short circuit
or ground fault
ocd
Over current
Check if there is any short circuits and
grounding between the U, V, W and motor
No
Reduce the load or
increase the power
of AC motor drive
No Reduce torque
compensation
OC
Over-current
during deceleration
Yes
No
No
Check if load is too large
No
No
No
No Suitable torque
compensation
Yes
Yes
Reduce torque
compensation
No
Check if
Check if
acceleration time No deceleration time
is too short by
is too short by
load inertia.
load inertia.
Yes
Maybe AC motor drive
has malfunction or error
due to noise. Please
contact with DELTA.
Yes
No Has load changed
suddenly?
Yes
Yes
Yes Can deceleration
Can acceleration
time be made longer?
time be made longer?
No
No
Reduce load or increase
the power of AC motor
drive
Increase accel/decel
time
Reduce load or increase
the power of AC motor
drive
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Check brake
method. Please
contact DELTA
7-1
Chapter 7 Troubleshooting |VFD-S Series
7.2 Ground Fault
Is output circuit(cable or
motor) of AC motor drive
grounded?
GFF
Ground fault
Maybe AC motor drive has
malfunction or misoperation
due to noise. Please
contact DELTA.
No
Yes
Remove ground fault
7.3 Over Voltage (OV)
Over voltage
No
Reduce voltage to
be within spec.
Is voltage within
specification
Yes
Has over-voltage occurred without load
Maybe AC motor drive
has malfunction or
misoperation due to
noise. Please contact
with DELTA.
Yes
No
No
When OV occurs, check if the
voltage of DC BUS is greater
than protection value
Yes
Yes
Increase
deceleration
time
No Dose OV occur when
sudden acceleration
stops
No
Yes
Increase
acceleration
time
Yes
Yes
Increase setting time
No
Reduce moment
of inertia
No
Reduce moment of load inertia
Need to consider using
brake unit or DC brake
No
Use brake unit or DC brake
No
Yes
Need to check control method. Please contact DELTA.
7-2
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 7 Troubleshooting |VFD-S Series
7.4 Low Voltage (Lv)
Low voltage
Is input power correct? Or power cut, Yes
including momentary power loss
Restart after reset
No
Check if there is any malfunction Yes
component or disconnection in
power supply circuit
Change defective component
and check connection
No
No
Check if voltage is
within specification
Make necessary corrections,
such as change power supply
system for requirement
Yes
Check if there is heavy load
with high start current in the
same power system
Yes
Using the different power
supply for this drive and
heavy load system
No
No
Check if Lv occurs when
breaker and magnetic
contactor is ON
No
Yes
Check if voltage between +1/+2
No
and - is greater than
200VDC (for 115V/230V models)
400VDC (for 460V models)
Suitable power
transformer capacity
Yes
Maybe AC motor drive has malfunction.
Please contact DELTA.
Yes
Control circuit has malfunction or
misoperation due to noise. Please
contact DELTA.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
7-3
Chapter 7 Troubleshooting |VFD-S Series
7.5 Over Heat (OH)
AC motor drive overheats
Heat sink overheats
No
Check if temperature of heat sink
O
is greater than 90 C
Temperature detection malfunctions.
Please contact DELTA.
Yes
Is load too large
Yes
Reduce load
No
If cooling fan functions normally
No
Change cooling fan
Yes
Check if cooling fan is jammed
Yes
Remove obstruction
No
Check if surrounding temperature
is within specification
Maybe AC motor drive has malfunction or
misoperation due to noise. Please contact
DELTA.
No
Yes
Adjust surrounding temperature
to specification
7.6 Overload
OL
OL1/ OL2
Check for correct settings at
Pr. 06-06 and 06-07
No
Modify setting
Yes
Is load too large
No
Maybe AC motor drive has malfunction
or misoperation due to noise.
Yes
Reduce load or increase the power of AC motor drive
7-4
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 7 Troubleshooting |VFD-S Series
7.7 Keypad Display is Abnormal
Abnormal display or no display
Yes
Cycle power to AC motor drive
Fix connector and eliminate noise
No
No
Display normal?
Check if all connectors are connect
correctly and no noise is present
Yes
Yes
AC motor drive works normally
AC motor drive has malfunction.
Please contact DELTA.
7.8 Phase Loss (PHL)
Phase loss
Check wiring at R, S and T terminals
No
Correct wiring
Yes
Check if the screws of terminals are tightened
No
Tighten all screws
Yes
Check if the input voltage of R, S, T is unbalanced
Yes
No
Please check the wiring
and power system for
abnormal power
Maybe AC motor drive has malfunction or misoperation
due to noise. Please contact DELTA.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
7-5
Chapter 7 Troubleshooting |VFD-S Series
7.9 Motor cannot Run
Check PU01
for normal
display
Motor cannot run
Check if non-fuse
No
breaker and magnetic
contactor are ON
No
Yes
Yes
Yes Check if there is any
fault code displayed
Reset after clearing
fault and then RUN
Input "RUN"
command
by keypad
Yes
If jumper or DC
No
reactor is connected
between +1 and +2/B1
No
No Check if input FWD No
or REV command
Yes
Press UP to
check if motor
can run
No
Set frequency or not
Yes
Change switch or relay
No
No
Correct connection
Yes
No
if upper bound freq.
and setting freq. is
lower than the min.
output freq.
Check if the parameter
setting and wiring of
analog signal and
multi-step speed
are correct
No
Motor has malfunction
Check if there is any
No
output voltage from
terminals U, V and W
No
Yes
Check if the wiring
of M0-GND and
M1-GND is correct
Yes
Modify frequency
setting
If load is too large
Use jumper
or DC reactor
Maybe AC motor drive has malfunction or misoperation
due to noise. Please contact DELTA.
Press UP key to
set frequency
No
Check if any faults
occur, such as
Lv, PHL or
disconnection
Yes
Yes
Press RUN key to
check if it can run
No
Check if input
voltage is normal
No
It can run when
no faults occur
Set them to ON
Yes
Change defective
potentiometer and
relay
Maybe AC motor drive has malfunction.
Please contact DELTA.
Yes
Yes
Check if the setting
Yes
of torque
compensation
is correct
No
Check if motor
connection
is correct
No
Connect correctly
Motor is locked due to large load, please reduce load.
For example, if there is a brake, check if it is released.
Increase the setting of
torque compensation
7-6
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 7 Troubleshooting |VFD-S Series
7.10 Motor Speed cannot be Changed
Motor can run but
cannot change speed
Check if the setting of the
max. frequency is too low
Yes
Modify the setting
Yes
No
If the setting of
Pr.5-09 to Pr.5-16
Yes is too high
Check to see if frequency is
Yes
out of range (upper/lower)
boundaries
No
Yes
No
If finished with
executing
Pr.5-07
Yes
Is it in PLC mode
Press UP/DOWN key
Yes
to see if speed has
any change
No
No
Yes
If there is any change
of the signal that sets Yes
frequency (0-10V and
4-20mA)
If the setting of
Pr.5-00 to Pr.5-06
are the same
No
Modify the setting
Check if the wiring between
M0~M5 to DCM is correct
Yes
Check if frequency for
each step is different
No
No
No Check if the wiring of
external terminal is correct
Correct
wiring
No
Yes
Change defective
potentiometer
Yes
Change frequency setting
No Check if accel./decel.
time is set correctly
Yes
Please set suitable
accel./decel. time by
load inertia
Maybe AC motor drive has malfunction or misoperation
due to noise. Please contact DELTA.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
7-7
Chapter 7 Troubleshooting |VFD-S Series
7.11 Motor Stalls during Acceleration
Check if acceleration Yes
time is too short
Motor stalls during
acceleration
Increase setting time
No
Yes
Check if the inertia
Yes
of the motor and load
is too high
No
Thicken or shorten the
wiring between the
motor or AC motor drive
Yes
Use special motor?
No
Reduce load or
increase the capacity
of AC motor drive
Check for low voltage
at input
No
Reduce load or
increase the capacity
of AC motor drive
Yes
Check if the load torque
is too high
No
Check if the torque
Yes
compensation is suitable
Maybe AC motor drive has
malfunction or misoperation
due to noise. Please contact
DELTA
No
Increase torque compensation
7.12 The Motor does not Run as Expected
Motor does not run
as expected
Check Pr. 01-01 thru Pr. 01-06
and torque compensation
settings
No
Adjust Pr.01-01 to Pr.01-06
and lower torque compensation
Yes
Run in low speed continuously
Yes
Please use specific motor
No
Is load too large
No
Yes
Reduce load or increase the
capacity of AC motor drive
Check if output voltage of U, V, W Yes
is balanced
Motor has malfunction
No
Maybe AC motor drive has malfunction or misoperation
due to noise. Please contact DELTA.
7-8
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 7 Troubleshooting |VFD-S Series
7.13 Electromagnetic/Induction Noise
Many sources of noise surround AC motor drives and penetrate it by radiation or conduction. It may
cause malfunctioning of the control circuits and even damage the AC motor drive. Of course, there
are solutions to increase the noise tolerance of an AC motor drive. But this has its limits. Therefore,
solving it from the outside as follows will be the best.
1.
2.
Add surge suppressor on the relays and contacts to suppress switching surges.
Shorten the wiring length of the control circuit or serial communication and keep them
separated from the power circuit wiring.
3.
Comply with the wiring regulations by using shielded wires and isolation amplifiers for
long wire length.
4.
The grounding terminal should comply with the local regulations and be grounded
independently, i.e. not to have common ground with electric welding machines and other
power equipment.
5.
Connect a noise filter at the mains input terminal of the AC motor drive to filter noise from
the power circuit. VFD-S can have a built-in filter as option.
In short, solutions for electromagnetic noise exist of “no product”(disconnect disturbing equipment),
“no spread”(limit emission for disturbing equipment) and “no receive”(enhance immunity).
7.14 Environmental Condition
Since the AC motor drive is an electronic device, you should comply with the environmental
conditions as stated in the Chapter 2.1. The following step should also be.
1.
To prevent vibration, the use of anti-vibration dampers is the last choice. Vibrations must
be within the specification. Vibration causes mechanical stress and it should not occur
frequently, continuously or repeatedly to prevent damaging to the AC motor drive.
2.
Store the AC motor drive in a clean and dry location, free from corrosive fumes/dust to
prevent corroded contacts. It also may cause short by low insulation in a humid location.
The solution is to use both paint and dust-proof. For particular occasion, use the
enclosure with whole-seal structure.
3.
The ambient temperature should be within the specification. Too high or too low
temperature will affect the lifetime and reliability. For semiconductor components, damage
will occur once any specification is out of range. Therefore, it is necessary to periodically
check air quality and the cooling fan and provide extra cooling of necessary. In addition,
the microcomputer may not work in extremely low temperatures, making cabinet heating
necessary.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
7-9
Chapter 7 Troubleshooting |VFD-S Series
4.
Store within a relative humidity range of 0% to 90% and non-condensing environment.
Use an air conditioner and/or exsiccator.
7.15 Affecting Other Machines
An AC motor drive may affect the operation of other machines due to many reasons. Some solutions
are:
„
High Harmonics at Power Side
High harmonics at power side during running can be improved by:
1.
Separate the power system: use a transformer for AC motor drive.
2.
Use a reactor or rectifier at the power input terminal of the AC motor drive or decrease
high harmonic by multiple circuit.
3.
If phase lead capacitors are used (never on the AC motor drive output!!), use serial
reactors to prevent capacitors damage from high harmonics.
serial reactor
phase lead capacitor
„
Motor Temperature Rises
When the motor is a standard induction motor with fan, the cooling will be bad at low speeds,
causing the motor to overheat. Besides, high harmonics at the output increases copper and
core losses. The following measures should be used depending on load and operation range.
1.
Use a motor with independent ventilation (forced external cooling) or increase the motor
rated power.
7-10
2.
Use a special inverter duty motor.
3.
Do NOT run in the low speed range.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 8 Maintenance and Inspections
Modern AC motor drives are based on solid-state electronics technology. Preventive maintenance is
required to keep the AC motor drive in its optimal condition, and to ensure a long life. It is
recommended to have a qualified technician perform a check-up of the AC motor drive regularly.
Daily Inspection:
Basic check-up items to detect if there were any abnormalities during operation are:
1.
Whether the motors are operating as expected.
2.
Whether the installation environment is abnormal.
3.
Whether the cooling system is operating as expected.
4.
Whether any irregular vibration or sound occurred during operation.
5.
Whether the motors are overheating during operation.
6.
Always check the input voltage of the AC drive with a Voltmeter.
Periodic Inspection:
Before the check-up, always turn off the AC input power and remove the cover. Wait at least 10
minutes after all display lamps have gone out, and then confirm that the capacitors have fully
discharged by measuring the voltage between
~
. It should be less than 25VDC.
DANGER!
1. Disconnect AC power before processing!
2. Only qualified personnel shall install, wire and maintain AC motor drives. Please take off any metal
objects, such as watches and rings, before operation. And only insulated tools are allowed.
3. Never reassemble internal components or wiring.
4. Prevent electric shocks.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
8-1
Chapter 8 Maintenance and Inspections|VFD-S Series
Periodical Maintenance
„ Ambient environment
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Maintenance
Period
Daily
Check the ambient temperature,
humidity, vibration and see if
there is any dust, gas, oil or
water drops
Visual inspection and measurement
with equipment with standard
specification
{
Check for any dangerous
objects near drive and motor
Visual inspection
{
Half One
Year Year
„ Voltage
Maintenance
Period
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Daily
Check if the voltage of main
circuit and control circuit is
correct
Measure with multimeter with standard
specification
Half One
Year Year
{
„ Keypad
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Maintenance
Period
Daily
Is the display clear for reading?
Visual inspection
{
Any missing characters?
Visual inspection
{
Half One
Year Year
„ Mechanical parts
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Maintenance
Period
Daily
8-2
Half One
Year Year
If there is any abnormal sound
or vibration
Visual and aural inspection
{
If there are any loose screws
Tighten the screws
{
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 8 Maintenance and Inspections|VFD-S Series
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Maintenance
Period
Daily
Half One
Year Year
Check partsfor deformity or
damaged
Visual inspection
{
If there is any color change
caused by overheating
Visual inspection
{
Check for dust and dirt
Visual inspection
{
„ Main circuit
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Maintenance
Period
Daily
Half One
Year Year
If there are any loose or missing
screws
Tighten or replace the screw
{
If machine or insulator is
deformed, cracked, damaged or
with changed color change due
to overheating or ageing
Visual inspection
NOTE: Please ignore the color
change of copper plate
{
Check for dust and dirt
Visual inspection
{
„ Terminals and wiring of main circuit
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Maintenance
Period
Daily
If the wiring shows change of
color change or deformation due
to overheat
If the insulation of wiring is
damaged or the color has
changed
If there is any damage
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Half One
Year Year
Visual inspection
{
Visual inspection
{
Visual inspection
{
8-3
Chapter 8 Maintenance and Inspections|VFD-S Series
„ DC capacity of main circuit
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Maintenance
Period
Daily
If there is any leakage of liquid,
change of color, cracks or
deformation
Visual inspection
Measure static capacity when
required
Static capacity
Half One
Year Year
{
≥ initial value X 0.85
{
„ Resistor of main circuit
Maintenance
Period
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Daily
Half One
Year Year
If there is any peculiar smell or
insulator cracks due to
overheating
Visual inspection, smell
{
If there is any disconnection
Visual inspection or measure with
multimeter after removing wiring
between +1/+2 ~ Resistor value should be within ± 10%
{
„ Transformer and reactor of main circuit
Maintenance
Period
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Daily
If there is any abnormal vibration
or peculiar smell
Half One
Year Year
{
Visual, aural inspection and smell
„ Magnetic contactor and relay of main circuit
Maintenance
Period
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Daily
8-4
If there are any loose screws
Visual and aural inspection. Tighten
screw if necessary.
{
Check to see if contacts work
correctly
Visual inspection
{
Half One
Year Year
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 8 Maintenance and Inspections|VFD-S Series
„ Printed circuit board and connector of main circuit
Maintenance
Period
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Daily
Half One
Year Year
If there are any loose screws and
connectors
Tighten the screws and press the
connectors firmly in place.
{
If there is any peculiar smell and
color change
Visual inspection and smell
{
If there is any crack, damage,
deformation or corrosion
Visual inspection
{
If there is any leaked liquid or
deformation in capacitors
Visual inspection
{
„ Cooling fan of cooling system
Maintenance
Period
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Daily
Half One
Year Year
If there is any abnormal sound or
vibration
Visual, aural inspection and turn the
fan with hand (turn off the power
before operation) to see if it rotates
smoothly
{
If there is any loose screw
Tighten the screw
{
If there is any change of color due
to overheating
Change fan
{
„ Ventilation channel of cooling system
Maintenance
Period
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Daily
If there is any obstruction in the
heat sink, air intake or air outlet
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Visual inspection
Half One
Year Year
{
8-5
Chapter 8 Maintenance and Inspections|VFD-S Series
This page intentionally left blank
8-6
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Appendix A Specifications
Voltage Class
115V Class
004
007
Max. Applicable Motor Output (kW)
0.2
0.4
0.75
Max. Applicable Motor Output (HP)
1.0
0.25
0.5
Output Rating
002
Rated Output Capacity (KVA)
0.6
1.0
1.6
Rated Output Current (A)
1.6
2.5
4.2
Input Rating
Model Number VFD-_ _ _S
Rated Input Current (A)
Maximum Output Voltage (V)
3-phase Proportional to Twice the Input Voltage
Output Frequency (Hz)
1.0~400 Hz
Carrier Frequency (kHz)
3-10
Single phase
6
Rated Voltage/Frequency
9
18
Single phase 100-120 V, 50/60Hz
Voltage Tolerance
+-10%(90-132V)
Freqency Tolerance
+-5%(47~63Hz)
Cooling Method
Natural
Weight (kg)
1.3
1.5
Voltage Class
2.0
230V Class
002
004
007
015
Max. Applicable Motor Output (kW)
0.2
0.4
0.75
1.5
2.2
Max. Applicable Motor Output (HP)
0.25
0.5
1.0
2.0
3.0
Output Rating
Model Number VFD-_ _ _S
Rated Output Capacity (KVA)
0.6
1.0
1.6
2.9
4.4/4.2
Rated Output Current (A)
1.6
2.5
4.2
7.5
11.0
Maximum Output Voltage (V)
3-phase Proportional to Input Voltage
Output Frequency (Hz)
1.0~400 Hz
Carrier Frequency (kHz)
Rated Input Current (A)
Input Rating
022
Input Current for 1-phase model
drive to be used as 3-phase
model drive (A)
3-10
Single/3-phase
4.9/1.9
6.5/2.7
9.7/5.1
15.7/9.0
24/15
1.6
3.0
5.1
8.4
-
Rated Voltage/Frequency
Single/3-phase 200-240 V, 50/60Hz
Voltage Tolerance
+-10%(180~264 V)
Freqency Tolerance
+-5%(4~63 Hz)
Cooling Method
Weight (kg)
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Natural
1.3
1.5
Fan Cooled
1.5
2.2
2.5
A-1
Appendix A Specifications|VFD-S Series
Control System
Output Frequency Resolution
Torque Characteristics
Overload Endurance
Accel/Decel Time
V/f Pattern
Stall Prevention Level
Operating Characteristics
Frequency
Setting
External
Signal
Natural
1.5
460V Class
007
015
0.75
1.5
1.0
2.0
2.0
3.3
2.5
4.2
3-phase Proportional to Input Voltage
1.0~400 Hz
3-10
3-phase
2.9
5.1
3-phase 380 to 480 V, 50/60Hz
+-10%(342~528 V)
+-5%(47~63 Hz)
Fan Cooled
1.5
2.0
022
2.2
3.0
4.4
5.5
6.9
2.2
General Specifications
SPWM (Sinusoidal Pulse Width Modulation, carrier frequency 3k-10kHz)
0.1Hz
Including the auto-torque, auto-slip compensation; starting torque can be
150% at 5Hz
150% of rated current for 1 minute
0.1to 600 second (2 Independent settings for Accel/Decel Time)
V/f pattern adjustable
20 to 150%, Setting of Rated Current
or Potentiometer
Setting by
Potentiometer-5KΩ/0.5W, DC 0 to +10V or 0 to +5V (Input impedance
47KΩ), RS-485 interface, 4 to 20mA (Input impedance 250Ω); Multi-Function
Inputs 1 to 5 (7 steps, Jog, up/down)
Keypad
Setting by RUN, STOP
External
Signal
Multi-Function Output
Indication
M0 to M5 can be combined to offer various modes of operation, RS-485
serial interface (MODBUS).
Multi-step selection 0 to7, Jog, accel/decel inhibit, first/second accel/decel
switch, counter, 8-step PLC operation, external Base Block (NC, NO),
increase/decrease Master Frequency
AC Drive Operating, Frequency Attained, Non-zero, Base Block, Fault
Indication, Local/Remote indication, PLC Operation indication.
Analog Output Signal
Analog frequency/current signal output.
Operation
Setting Signal
Multi-Function Input Signal
Installation Location
AVR, S-Curve, Over-Voltage/Over-Current Stall Prevention, Fault Records,
Adjustable Carrier Frequency, DC Brake, Start Frequency for DC Brake,
Momentary Power Loss restart, Frequency Limits, Parameter Lock/Reset,
PID Feedback Control, Reverse Inhibition, etc.
VFD002S21E, VFD004S21E, VFD004S43E, VFD007S21E, VFD015S21E,
VFD022S21E
Self-testing, Over Voltage, Over Current, Under Voltage, Overload,
Overheating, External Fault, Electronic thermal, Ground Fault.
Forced air-cooling (ONLY FOR 022S2XA/B; XXXS43A/B/E 1HP~3HP;
XXXSXXD; XXXS21E 400W~3HP). Others are Natural air-cooling.
Altitude 1,000 m or below, keep from corrosive gasses, liquid and dust
Pollution Degree
2
Ambient Temperature
Storage Temperature
Ambient Humidity
Vibration
-10°C to 40°C (Non-Condensing and not frozen)
-20°C to 60°C
Below 90% RH (non-condensing)
9.80665m/s2 (1G) less than 20Hz, 5.88m/s2 (0.6G) at 20 to 50Hz
Other Function
Built-in EMI Filter
Protection
Cooling
Enviroment
1.7
Rated Voltage/Frequency
Voltage Tolerance
Freqency Tolerance
Cooling Method
Weight (kg)
Keypad
A-2
004
0.4
0.5
1.2
1.5
Rated Input Current (A)
Control
Characteristics
Input Rating Output Rating
Voltage Class
Model Number VFD-_ _ _S
Max. Applicable Motor Output (kW)
Max. Applicable Motor Output (HP)
Rated Output Capacity (KVA)
Rated Output Current (A)
Maximum Output Voltage (V)
Output Frequency (Hz)
Carrier Frequency (kHz)
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Appendix B Accessories
B.1 All Brake Resistors & Brake Units Used in AC Motor Drives
Note: Please only use DELTA resistors and recommended values. Other resistors and values will
void Delta’s warranty. Please contact your nearest Delta representative for use of special resistors.
The brake unit should be at least 10 cm away from AC motor drive to avoid possible interference.
460V
Series
115V/230V
Series
Voltage
Refer to the “Brake unit Module User Manual” for further details.
Applicable
Motor
Resistor
Full Load
value spec
Torque
for each AC
Nm
Motor Drive
Brake Resistors Brake
Min. Equivalent
Resistor Value for
Model and No. Torque
of Units Used 10%ED each AC Motor Drive
hp
kW
1/4
0.2
0.110
80W 200Ω
BR080W200 1
400
120Ω
1/2
0.4
0.216
80W 200Ω
BR080W200 1
220
120Ω
1
0.75
0.427
80W 200Ω
BR080W200 1
125
80Ω
2
1.5
0.849
300W 100Ω
BR300W100 1
125
55Ω
3
2.2
1.262
300W 70Ω
BR300W70 1
125
35Ω
1/2
0.4
0.216
80W 750Ω
BR080W750 1
230
470Ω
1
0.75
0.427
80W 750Ω
BR080W750 1
125
260Ω
2
1.5
0.849
300W 400Ω
BR300W400 1
125
190Ω
3
2.2
1.262
300W 250Ω
BR300W250 1
125
145Ω
NOTE
1.
Please select the brake unit and/or brake resistor according to the table. “-“ means no
Delta product. Please use the brake unit according to the Equivalent Resistor Value.
2.
If damage to the drive or other equipment is due to the fact that the brake resistors and
the brake modules in use are not provided by Delta, the warranty will be void.
3.
4.
Take into consideration the safety of the environment when installing the brake resistors.
If the minimum resistance value is to be utilized, consult local dealers for the calculation of
the power in Watt.
5.
Please select thermal relay trip contact to prevent resistor over load. Use the contact to
switch power off to the AC motor drive!
6.
When using more than 2 brake units, equivalent resistor value of parallel brake unit can’t
be less than the value in the column “Minimum Equivalent Resistor Value for Each AC
Drive” (the right-most column in the table).
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
B-1
Appendix B Accessories|VFD-S Series
7.
Please read the wiring information in the user manual of the brake unit thoroughly prior to
installation and operation.
8.
In applications with brake resistor or brake unit, Pr.6-00 (Over-voltage stall prevention)
must be disabled. And Pr.8-15 (AVR function) shall not be used.
9.
Definition for Brake Usage ED%
Explanation: The definition of the barke usage ED(%) is for assurance of enough time for
the brake unit and brake resistor to dissipate away heat generated by braking. When the
brake resistor heats up, the resistance would increase with temperature, and brake torque
would decrease accordingly. Suggest cycle time is one minute
100%
Brake Time
T1
Cycle Time
10.
ED% = T1/T0x100(%)
T0
For safety reasons, install a thermal overload relay between brake unit and brake resistor.
Together with the magnetic contactor (MC) in the mains supply circuit to the drive it offers
protection in case of any malfunctioning. The purpose of installing the thermal overload
relay is to protect the brake resistor against damage due to frequent braking or in case
the brake unit is continuously on due to unusual high input voltage. Under these
circumstances the thermal overload relay switches off the power to the drive. Never let
the thermal overload relay switch off only the brake resistor as this will cause serious
damage to the AC Motor Drive.
NFB
MC
R/L1
U/T1
S/L2
V/T2
T/L3
T/L3
W/T3
VFD Series
O.L.
Thermal
Overload
Relay or
temperature
switch
B-2
R/L1
S/L2
MC
B1
SA
Surge
Absorber
IM
MOTOR
Thermal Overload
Relay
O.L.
Brake
BR Resistor
B2
Temperature
Switch
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Appendix B Accessories|VFD-S Series
B.1.1 Dimensions and Weights for Brake resistors
(Dimensions are in millimeter)
Order P/N: BR080W200, BR080W750, BR300W70, BR300W100, BR300W250, BR300W400,
BR400W150, BR400W040
Model no.
BR080W200
BR080W750
L1
L2
H
D
W
Max. Weight (g)
140
125
20
5.3
60
160
215
200
30
5.3
60
750
265
250
30
5.3
60
930
BR300W70
BR300W100
BR300W250
BR300W400
BR400W150
BR400W040
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
B-3
Appendix B Accessories|VFD-S Series
B.2 EMI Filters
The DELTA VFD-S Series 0.25-3HP, 115V, 230V, 460V AC drive uses DELTA EMI Filter. Use the
table below to find the appropriate filter for your DELTA VFD-S drive.
Model of AC Motor Drive
EMI Filter
VFD002S21A/B, VFD004S21A/B, VFD007S21A/B
RF007S21AA
VFD015S21D/U, VFD022S21D/U
RF022S21BA
VFD004S43A/B, VFD007S43A/B
RF007S43AA
VFD002S11A/B, VFD004S11A/B
12DKT1W3S
VFD002S23A, VFD004S23A, VFD007S23A
08TDT1W4S
VFD007S11A/B
22DRT1W3S
Installation
All electrical equipment, including AC motor drives, will generate high-frequency/low-frequency noise
and will interfere with peripheral equipment by radiation or conduction when in operation. By using
an EMI filter with correct installation, much interference can be eliminated. It is recommended to use
DELTA EMI filter to have the best interference elimination performance.
We assure that it can comply with following rules when AC motor drive and EMI filter are installed
and wired according to user manual:
„ EN61000-6-4
„ EN61800-3: 1996 + A11: 2000
„ EN55011 (1991) Class A Group 1 (1st Environment, restricted distribution)
General precaution
1.
2.
EMI filter and AC motor drive should be installed on the same metal plate.
Please install AC motor drive on footprint EMI filter or install EMI filter as close as possible
to the AC motor drive.
3.
Please wire as short as possible.
4.
Metal plate should be grounded.
5.
The cover of EMI filter and AC motor drive or grounding should be fixed on the metal plate
and the contact area should be as large as possible.
Choose suitable motor cable and precautions
Improper installation and choice of motor cable will affect the performance of EMI filter. Be sure to
observe the following precautions when selecting motor cable.
B-4
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Appendix B Accessories|VFD-S Series
1.
2.
Use the cable with shielding (double shielding is the best).
The shielding on both ends of the motor cable should be grounded with the minimum
length and maximum contact area.
3.
Remove any paint on metal saddle for good ground contact with the plate and shielding.
Remove any paint on metal saddle for good ground contact with
the plate and shielding.
saddle
the plate with grounding
Saddle on both ends
Saddle on one end
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
B-5
Appendix B Accessories|VFD-S Series
The length of motor cable
When motor is driven by an AC motor drive of PWM type, the motor terminals will experience surge
voltages easily due to components conversion of AC motor drive and cable capacitance. When the
motor cable is very long (especially for the 460V series), surge voltages may reduce insulation
quality. To prevent this situation, please follow the rules below:
„
Use a motor with enhanced insulation.
„
Connect an output reactor (optional) to the output terminals of the AC motor drive
„
The length of the cable between AC motor drive and motor should be as short as
„
For models 7.5hp/5.5kW and above:
possible (10 to 20 m or less)
Insulation level of motor
1000V
1300V
1600V
460VAC input voltage
66 ft (20m)
328 ft (100m)
1312 ft (400m)
230VAC input voltage
1312 ft (400m)
1312 ft (400m)
1312 ft (400m)
For models 5hp/3.7kW and less:
„
Insulation level of motor
1000V
1300V
1600V
460VAC input voltage
66 ft (20m)
165 ft (50m)
165 ft (50m)
230VAC input voltage
328 ft (100m)
328 ft (100m)
328 ft (100m)
NOTE
When a thermal O/L relay protected by motor is used between AC motor drive and motor, it may
malfunction (especially for 460V series), even if the length of motor cable is only 165 ft (50m) or less.
To prevent it, please use AC reactor and/or lower the carrier frequency (Pr. 02-03 PWM carrier
frequency).
NOTE
Never connect phase lead capacitors or surge absorbers to the output terminals of the AC motor
drive.
B-6
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Appendix B Accessories|VFD-S Series
„
If the length is too long, the stray capacitance between cables will increase and may
cause leakage current. It will activate the protection of over current, increase leakage
current or not insure the correction of current display. The worst case is that AC motor
drive may damage.
„
If more than one motor is connected to the AC motor drive, the total wiring length is the
sum of the wiring length from AC motor drive to each motor.
B.2.1 Dimensions
Dimensions are in millimeter and (inch)
Order P/N: RF007S21AA/ RF007S43AA
50
(1.97)
27
(1.06)
85
(3.35)
60
(2.36)
200
(7.87)
15
(0.52)
24
(0.94)
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
200 213
(7.87)(8.39)
4.5
(0.18)
B-7
Appendix B Accessories|VFD-S Series
Order P/N: RF022S21BA
50
(1.97)
27
(1.06)
100
(3.94)
74
(2.91)
228
(8.98)
15
(0.59)
B-8
24
(0.94)
228 241
(8.98) (9.49)
5.5
(0.22)
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Appendix B Accessories|VFD-S Series
POWER-IN
Order P/N: 12DKT1W3S
Order P/N: 08TDT1W4S
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
B-9
Appendix B Accessories|VFD-S Series
POWER-IN
Order P/N: 22DRT1W3S
POWER-IN
Order P/N: 35DRT1W3C
B-10
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Appendix B Accessories|VFD-S Series
B.3 AC Reactor
B.3.1 AC Input Reactor Recommended Value
230V, 50/60Hz, 1-Phase
kW
HP
Fundamental
Amps
Max. continuous
Amps
0.2
0.4
0.75
1.5
2.2
1/4
1/2
1
2
3
4
5
8
12
18
6
7.5
12
18
27
Inductance (mH)
3~5% impedance
6.5
3
1.5
1.25
0.8
460V, 50/60Hz, 3-Phase
kW
HP
Fundamental
Amps
Max. continuous
Amps
0.4
0.75
1.5
2.2
1/2
1
2
3
2
4
4
8
3
6
6
12
Inductance (mH)
3% impedance
5% impedance
20
32
9
12
6.5
9
5
7.5
B.3.2 AC Output Reactor Recommended Value
115V/230V, 50/60Hz, 3-Phase
kW
HP
0.2
0.4
0.75
1.5
2.2
1/4
1/2
1
2
3
Fundamental
Amps
4
6
8
8
12
Max. continuous
Amps
4
6
12
12
18
Inductance (mH)
3% impedance
5% impedance
9
12
6.5
9
3
5
1.5
3
1.25
2.5
Inductance (mH)
3% impedance
5% impedance
20
32
9
12
6.5
9
460V, 50/60Hz, 3-Phase
kW
HP
Fundamental
Amps
Max. continuous
Amps
0.4
0.75
1.5
1/2
1
2
2
4
4
3
6
6
2.2
3
8
12
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
5
7.5
B-11
Appendix B Accessories|VFD-S Series
B.3.3 Applications for AC Reactor
Connected in input circuit
Application 1
Question
When applying power to one of the AC motor
When more than one AC motor drive is
connected to the same mains power, and one drive, the charge current of the capacitors
may cause voltage dip. The AC motor drive
of them is ON during operation.
may be damaged when over current occurs
during operation.
Correct wiring
M1
reactor
AC motor drive
motor
AC motor drive
motor
AC motor drive
motor
M2
Mn
Application 2
Silicon rectifier and AC motor drive are
connected to the same power.
Question
Switching spikes will be generated when the
silicon rectifier switches on/off. These spikes
may damage the mains circuit.
Correct wiring
silicon rectifier
power
reactor
DC
AC motor drive
reactor
motor
B-12
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Appendix B Accessories|VFD-S Series
Application 3
Used to improve the input power factor, to
reduce harmonics and provide protection
from AC line disturbances (surges, switching
spikes, short interruptions, etc.). The AC line
reactor should be installed when the power
supply capacity is 500kVA or more and
exceeds 6 times the inverter capacity, or the
mains wiring distance ≤ 10m.
Question
When the mains power capacity is too large,
line impedance will be small and the charge
current will be too high. This may damage AC
motor drive due to higher rectifier
temperature.
Correct wiring
large-capacity
power
reactor
small-capacity
AC motor drive
motor
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
B-13
Appendix B Accessories|VFD-S Series
B.4 DC Choke Recommended Values
230V DC Choke
Input voltage
kW
HP
DC Amps
Inductance (mh)
MTE CAT. NO
0.2
1/4
2
20.00
2RB003
230Vac
0.4
1/2
4
15.00
4RB003
50/60Hz
0.75
1
9
7.50
9RB003
3-Phase
1.5
2
12
4.00
12RB003
2.2
3
18
2.75
18RB003
0.2
1/4
4
50.00
--
230Vac
0.4
1/2
9
25.00
--
50/60Hz
0.75
1
9
12.00
--
1-Phase
1.5
2
12
8.00
--
2.2
3
18
6.00
--
Inductance (mh)
MTE CAT. NO
460V DC Choke
Input voltage
460Vac
50/60Hz
3-Phase
B-14
kW
HP
DC Amps
0.4
1/2
2
50.00
2RB004
0.75
1
4
25.00
4RB004
1.5
2
9
11.50
9RB004
2.2
3
9
11.50
9RB004
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Appendix B Accessories|VFD-S Series
B.5 Zero Phase Reactor (RF220X00A)
Dimensions are in millimeter and (inch)
460V Series
115V/230V
Series
Motor
HP
kW
1/4
0.2
1/2
0.4
1
0.75
2
1.5
3
1/4
2.2
0.2
1/2
0.4
1
0.75
2
1.5
3
2.2
Qty.
1
Recommended Wire Size
(mm2)
0.5 - 5.5
3.5 - 5.5
1
0.5 - 5.5
Wiring Method
Please wind each wire 4 times around the core. The reactor must be put at inverter output as close
as possible.
Zero Phase Reactor
Power
Supply
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
R/L1
U/T1
S/L2
V/T2
T/L3
W/T3
MOTOR
B-15
Appendix B Accessories|VFD-S Series
B.6 Din Rail-DR01
(Dimensions are in millimeter)
Models
VFD002S11A/B
VFD002S21A/B/E
VFD002S23A/B
VFD004S11A/B
VFD004S21A/B/E
VFD004S23A/B
VFD004S43A/B/E
VFD007S21A/B/E
VFD007S23A/B
VFD007S43A/B/E
VFD015S23D
B-16
Screw Size
M4*22
M4*22
M4*22
M4*12
M4*12
M4*12
M4*12
M4*12
M4*12
M4*12
M4*12
To install the Din Rail Adapter use the specified
screws for different models. Refer to the above
chart.
To mount the drive on a Din Rail, place the drive
on the rail and push the lever toward the rail.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Appendix B Accessories|VFD-S Series
B.7 Remote Controller RC-01
(Dimensions are in millimeter)
8
6
5
RC-01
Terminal
block
(Wiring
connections)
VFD-S
I/O
M1 M3
Block
4 16 15 14 13 11
AFM GND AVI +10V GND M2 M0
VFD-S Programming
Pr. 2-00 set to d01
Pr. 2-01 set to d01
Pr. 4-04 set to d02 (M0, M1 set at RUN/STOP and FWD/REV)
Pr. 4-05 set to d06 (M2 set for reset)
Pr. 4-06 set to d10 (M3 set for jog operation)
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
B-17
Appendix B Accessories|VFD-S Series
B.8 Conduit Bracket (BK-S)
15.5(0.61)
29.7(1.17)
25.2(1.0)
(Dimensions are in millimeter)
73.0(2.87)
22.0(0
.87)
)
1.1
.0(
.87
)
67.8(2.67)
28
B-18
22.
0(0
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Appendix B Accessories|VFD-S Series
B.9 Non-fuse Circuit Breaker Chart
The fuse should comply with UL248 and the breaker should comply with UL489.
The current rating of the breaker shall be within 2~4 times maximum input current rating.
(Refer to Appendix A for rated input/output current)
1-phase
3-phase
Recommended
non-fuse breaker (A)
Model
Model
Recommended
non-fuse breaker (A)
VFD002S11A/B
15
VFD002S23A
5
VFD002S21A/B/E
10
VFD004S23A
5
VFD004S11A/B
20
VFD004S43A/B/E
5
VFD004S21A/B/E
15
VFD007S23A
10
VFD007S11A/B
VFD007S21A/B/E
30
20
VFD007S43A/B/E
VFD015S23D
5
20
VFD015S21D/E
30
VFD015S43D/E/U
10
VFD022S21D/E/U
50
VFD022S23D
30
VFD022S43D/E/U
15
Fuse Specification Chart
Smaller fuses than those shown in the table are permitted.
Model
I (input)(A)
I (output)(A)
VFD002S11A/B
6
VFD002S21A/B/E
VFD002S23A
Line Fuse
I (A)
Bussmann P/N
1.6
15
JJN-15
4,9
2.4
1.6
1.6
10
5
JJN-10
JJN-6
VFD004S11A/B
9
2.5
20
JJN-20
VFD004S21A/B/E
6.5
2.5
15
JJN-15
VFD004S23A
3.0
2.5
5
JJN-6
VFD004S43A/B/E
1.9
1.5
5
JJN-5
VFD007S11A/B
VFD007S21A/B/E
18
9.7
4.2
4.2
30
20
JJN-30
JJN-20
JJN-10
VFD007S23A
5.1
4.2
10
VFD007S43A/B/E
3.2
2.5
5
JJN-5
VFD015S21D/E
15.7
7.5
30
JJN-30
VFD015S23D
9.0
7.5
20
JJN-20
VFD015S43D/E/U
VFD022S21D/E/U
4.3
24
4.2
11.0
10
50
JJN-10
JJN-50
VFD022S23D
15
11.0
30
JJN-30
VFD022S43D/E/U
7.1
5.5
15
JJN-15
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
B-19
Appendix B Accessories|VFD-S Series
This page intentionally left blank
B-20
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Appendix C How to Select the Right AC Motor Drive
The choice of the right AC motor drive for the application is very important and has great influence
on its lifetime and the performance. If the capacity of AC motor drive is too large, it cannot offer
complete protection to the motor and it may be damaged. If the capacity of AC motor drive is too
small, it cannot offer the required performance and the AC motor drive may be damaged due to
overloading.
But by simply selecting the AC motor drive of the same capacity as the motor, user application
requirements cannot always be fully met. Therefore, a designer should consider all the conditions,
including load type, load speed, load characteristic, operation method, rated output, rated speed,
power and the change of load capacity. The following table lists the factors you need to consider,
depending on your requirements.
Related Specification
Item
Friction load and weight load
Liquid (viscous) load
Inertia load
Load with power transmission
Constant torque
Load speed
Constant output
and torque
Decreasing torque
characteristics
Decreasing output
Constant load
Shock load
Load
Repetitive load
characteristics
High starting torque
Low starting torque
Continuous operation, Short-time operation
Long-time operation at medium/low speeds
Maximum output current (instantaneous)
Constant output current (continuous)
Load type
Maximum frequency, Base frequency
Power supply transformer capacity or
percentage impedance
Voltage fluctuations and unbalance
Number of phases, single phase protection
Frequency
Mechanical friction, losses in wiring
Duty cycle modification
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Speed and
torque
characteristics
Time
ratings
Overload
capacity
●
Starting
torque
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
C-1
Chapter 8Appendix C How to Select the Right AC Motor Drive
|VFD-S Series
C.1 Capacity Formulas
1. When one AC motor drive operates one motor
The starting capacity should be less than 1.5x rated capacity of AC motor drive
The starting capacity is
⎛
k×N
GD 2 N ⎞
⎜ TL +
× ⎟ ≤ 1.5 × the _ capacity _ of _ AC _ motor _ drive ( kVA)
973 × η × cos ϕ ⎜⎝
375 t A ⎟⎠
2. When one AC motor drive operates more than one motor
2.1 The starting capacity should be less than the rated capacity of the AC motor drive
Acceleration time ≦60 seconds
„
The starting capacity is
k×N
η × cos ϕ
[n
⎡
T
+ ns (ks − 1)] = PC1⎢⎢1 +
⎣⎢
⎤
ns
(ks − 1)⎥⎥ ≤ 1.5 × the _ capacity _ of _ AC _ motor _ drive(kVA)
nT
⎦⎥
Acceleration time ≧60 seconds
„
The starting capacity is
k×N
η × cosϕ
[n
T
⎡
+ ns (ks − 1)] = PC1⎢⎢1 +
⎢⎣
⎤
ns
(ks − 1)⎥⎥ ≤ the _ capacity _ of _ AC _ motor _ drive(kVA)
⎥⎦
nT
2.2 The current should be less than the rated current of the AC motor drive(A)
„
Acceleration time ≦60 seconds
nT + IM ⎡⎢⎣1+ nnTS ⎛⎜⎝ kS −1⎞⎟⎠ ⎤⎥⎦ ≤ 1.5 × the _ rated _ current _ of _ AC _ motor _ drive( A)
„
Acceleration time ≧60 seconds
nT + IM ⎡⎢⎣1+ nnTS ⎛⎜⎝ kS −1⎞⎟⎠ ⎤⎥⎦ ≤ the _ rated _ current _ of _ AC _ motor _ drive( A)
C-2
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 8Appendix C How to Select the Right AC Motor Drive
|VFD-S Series
2.3 When it is running continuously
The requirement of load capacity should be less than the capacity of the AC
„
motor drive(kVA)
The requirement of load capacity is
k × PM
η × cosϕ
≤ the _ capacity _ of _ AC _ motor _ drive(kVA)
The motor capacity should be less than the capacity of AC motor drive
„
k × 3 × VM × IM × 10−3 ≤ the _ capacity _ of _ AC _ motor _ drive(kVA)
The current should be less than the rated current of AC motor drive(A)
„
k × IM ≤ the _ rated _ current _ of _ AC _ motor _ drive( A)
Symbol explanation
PM
: Motor shaft output for load (kW)
η
: Motor efficiency (normally, approx. 0.85)
cos ϕ
VM
IM
k
PC1
kS
nT
nS
GD 2
TL
: Motor power factor (normally, approx. 0.75)
: Motor rated voltage (V)
: Motor rated current (A), for commercial power
: Correction factor calculated from current distortion factor (1.05-1.1, depending on
PWM method)
: Continuous motor capacity (kVA)
: Starting current/rated current of motor
: Number of motors in parallel
: Number of simultaneously started motors
: Total inertia (GD2) calculated back to motor shaft (kg m2)
: Load torque
tA
: Motor acceleration time
N
: Motor speed
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
C-3
Chapter 8Appendix C How to Select the Right AC Motor Drive
|VFD-S Series
C.2 General Precautions
Selection Note
A.
When the AC Motor Drive is connected directly to a large-capacity power transformer
(600kVA or above) or when phase lead capacitors are switched, excess peak currents
may occur in the power input circuit and the rectifier section might be damaged. To avoid
this, use an AC input reactor (optional) before AC Motor Drive mains input to reduce the
current and improve the input power efficiency.
B.
When a special motor is used or more than one motor is driven in parallel with a single
AC Motor Drive, select the AC Motor Drive current ≥1.25x(Sum of the motor rated
currents).
C.
The starting and accel./decel. characteristics of a motor are limited by the rated current
and the overload protection of the AC Motor Drive. Compared to running the motor D.O.L.
(Direct On-Line), a lower starting torque output with AC Motor Drive can be expected. If
higher starting torque is required (such as for elevators, mixers, tooling machines, etc.)
use an AC Motor Drive of higher capacity or increase the capacities for both the motor
and the AC Motor Drive.
D.
When an error occurs on the drive, a protective circuit will be activated and the AC Motor
Drive output is turned off and the motor will coast to stop. For an emergency stop, an
external mechanical brake is needed to quickly stop the motor.
Parameter Settings Note
A.
The AC Motor Drive can be driven at an output frequency up to 400Hz (less for some
models). Setting errors may create a dangerous situation. For safety, the use of the
upper limit frequency function is strongly recommended.
B.
High DC brake operating voltages and long operation time (at low frequencies) may
cause overheating of the motor. In that case, forced external motor cooling is
recommended.
C.
Motor accel./decel. time is determined by motor rated torque, load torque, and load
inertia.
C-4
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 8Appendix C How to Select the Right AC Motor Drive
|VFD-S Series
D.
If the stall prevention function is activated, the accel./decel. time is automatically
extended to a length that the AC Motor Drive can handle. If the motor needs to
decelerate within a certain time with high load inertia that can’t be handled by the AC
Motor Drive in the required time, either use an external brake resistor and/or brake unit,
depending on the model, (to shorten deceleration time only) or increase the capacity for
both the motor and the AC Motor Drive.
C.3 How to Choose a Suitable Motor
Standard motor
When using the AC Motor Drive to control a standard 3-phase induction motor, take the
following precautions:
A.
B.
The motor losses are greater than for an inverter duty motor.
Avoid running the motor at low speed for a long time. Under this condition, the motor
temperature may rise above the motor rating due to limited airflow produced by the
motor’s fan. Consider external forced motor cooling.
C.
When the standard motor operates at low speed for long time, the output load must be
decreased.
D.
The load tolerance of a standard motor is as follows:
Load duty-cycle
25%
100
40% 60%
torque(%)
82
70
60
50
0
E.
continuous
3 6
20
Frequency (Hz)
60
If 100% continuous torque is required at low speed, it may be necessary to use a special
inverter duty motor.
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
C-5
Chapter 8Appendix C How to Select the Right AC Motor Drive
|VFD-S Series
F.
Motor dynamic balance and rotor endurance should be considered if the operating speed
exceeds the rated speed (60Hz) of a standard motor.
G.
Motor torque characteristics vary when an AC Motor Drive instead of commercial power
supply drives the motor. Check the load torque characteristics of the machine to be
connected.
H.
Because of the high carrier frequency PWM control of the VFD series, pay attention to
the following motor vibration problems:
„
Resonant mechanical vibration: anti-vibration (damping) rubbers should be
used to mount equipment that runs at varying speed.
„
Motor imbalance: special care is required for operation at 50 or 60 Hz and
higher frequency.
„
I.
To avoid resonances, use the Skip frequencies.
The motor fan will be very noisy when the motor speed exceeds 50 or 60Hz.
Special motors:
A.
Pole-changing (Dahlander) motor:
The rated current is different from that of a standard motor. Please check before
operation and select the capacity of the AC motor drive carefully. When changing the
pole number the motor needs to be stopped first. If over current occurs during operation
or regenerative voltage is too high, please let the motor free run to stop (coast).
B.
Submersible motor:
The rated current is higher than that of a standard motor. Please check before operation
and choose the capacity of the AC motor drive carefully. With long motor cable between
AC motor drive and motor, available motor torque is reduced.
C.
Explosion-proof (Ex) motor:
Needs to be installed in a safe place and the wiring should comply with the (Ex)
requirements. Delta AC Motor Drives are not suitable for (Ex) areas with special
precautions.
C-6
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
Chapter 8Appendix C How to Select the Right AC Motor Drive
|VFD-S Series
D.
Gear reduction motor:
The lubricating method of reduction gearbox and speed range for continuous operation
will be different and depending on brand. The lubricating function for operating long time
at low speed and for high-speed operation needs to be considered carefully.
E.
Synchronous motor:
The rated current and starting current are higher than for standard motors. Please check
before operation and choose the capacity of the AC motor drive carefully. When the AC
motor drive operates more than one motor, please pay attention to starting and changing
the motor.
Power Transmission Mechanism
Pay attention to reduced lubrication when operating gear reduction motors, gearboxes, belts
and chains, etc. over longer periods at low speeds. At high speeds of 50/60Hz and above,
lifetime reducing noises and vibrations may occur.
Motor torque
The torque characteristics of a motor operated by an AC motor drive and commercial mains
power are different.
Below you’ll find the torque-speed characteristics of a standard motor (4-pole, 15kW):
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61
C-7
Chapter 8Appendix C How to Select the Right AC Motor Drive
|VFD-S Series
AC motor drive
Motor
180
60 seconds
155
140
100
80
55
38
03 20
03 20
50
120
Frequency (Hz)
Base freq.: 50Hz
V/F for 220V/50Hz
C-8
180
150
torque (%)
torque (%)
45
35
55
38
60
120
Frequency (Hz)
Base freq.: 60Hz
V/F for 220V/60Hz
60 seconds
100
85
68
100
0 3 20
60
120
Frequency (Hz)
Base freq.: 60Hz
V/F for 220V/60Hz
140
130
60 seconds
155
torque (%)
torque (%)
180
60 seconds
100
80
45
35
0 3 20 50
120
Frequency (Hz)
Base freq.: 50Hz
V/F for 220V/50Hz
Revision August 2008, SE09, SW V2.61