RVON-C
RTS Voice Over Network for Cronus
9350-7835-000 Rev C
03/2009
PROPRIETARY NOTICE
SHIPPING TO THE MANUFACTURER
The product information and design disclosed herein were
originated by and are the property of Bosch Security Systems, Inc.
Bosch reserves all patent, proprietary design, manufacturing,
reproduction, use and sales rights thereto, and to any article
disclosed therein, except to the extent rights are expressly granted
to others.
All shipments of product should be made via UPS Ground, prepaid
(you may request from Factory Service a different shipment
method). Any shipment upgrades will be paid by the customer. The
equipment should be shipped in the original packing carton. If the
original carton is not available, use any suitable container that is
rigid and of adequate size. If a substitute container is used, the
equipment should be wrapped in paper and surrounded with at least
four (4) inches of excelsior or similar shock-absorbing material. All
shipments must be sent to the following address and must include
the Proof of Purchase for warranty repair. Upon completion of any
repair the equipment will be returned via United Parcel Service or
specified shipper, collect.
COPYRIGHT NOTICE
Copyright 2009 by Bosch Security Systems, Inc. All rights
reserved. Reproduction, in whole or in part, without prior written
permission from Bosch is prohibited.
WARRANTY NOTICE
See the enclosed warranty card for further details.
CUSTOMER SUPPORT
Technical questions should be directed to:
Customer Service Department
Bosch Security Systems, Inc.
12000 Portland Avenue South
Burnsville, MN 55337 USA
Telephone: 800-392-3497
Fax: 800-323-0498
RETURN SHIPPING INSTRUCTIONS
Customer Service Department
Bosch Security Systems, Inc. (Lincoln, NE)
Telephone: 402-467-5321
Fax: 402-467-3279
Factory Service: 800-553-5992
Please include a note in the box which supplies the company name,
address, phone number, a person to contact regarding the repair, the
type and quantity of equipment, a description of the problem and
the serial number(s).
Factory Service Department
Bosch Security Systems, Inc.
8601 East Cornhusker Hwy.
Lincoln, NE 68507 U.S.A.
Attn: Service
This package should include the following:
Qty.
1
Description
RVON-C Frontcard
Part No.
9000-7835-000
1
RVON-C Backcard
9000-7835-100
1
RVON-C User Manual
9350-7835-000
Table
of
Contents
INTRODUCTION ............................................... 3
Description of the RVON-C Voice
Over Network Card ................................................3
Features ..................................................................4
Specifications ..........................................................4
DIGITAL .......................................................................4
Default Addresses for the RVON Product Line ......5
RVON-C JUMPERS AND CONNECTIONS ..........................6
INSTALLATION ................................................. 9
Installation of the RVON-C Card
into the Cronus System ...........................................9
ADDRESSES AND THE RVON-C CARD ...........................9
Software Requirements ...........................................9
Switches and Connections ....................................10
DIP SWITCHES ...........................................................10
Configuring the RVON-C Card with AZedit ........11
RVON-C Connection Status Screen ......................13
View RVON-C Status from Cronus Front Panel ..20
Download RVON-C Firmware through AZedit ....22
RVON-C CARD
SERIAL PORT PROGRAMMING .................... 25
RVON Serial and Telnet Commands ....................25
SETUP .........................................................................25
Access Serial Command Mode .............................28
Serial Command Table .........................................29
RVON-C Default Setup .........................................30
RVON-C QUICK START .................................. 31
Install Front and Back Cards in Cronus ..............31
Plug in Ethernet ....................................................31
Launch AZedit and Connect to the Cronus Frame 32
Configure the RVON-C Card ...............................34
Configure the Devices Connected to the
RVON-C card .......................................................35
Setting up a Serial Pass-Through
Port Connection or Serial Connection .................35
BASIC NETWORK CONFIGURATION ...........37
Basic Network Configuration ...............................37
LAN (LOCAL AREA NETWORK) VS.
WAN (WIDE AREA NETWORK) ..................................... 37
LOCAL AREA NETWORK .................................... 37
WIDE AREA NETWORK ...................................... 38
ACCESSING THE
WIDE AREA NETWORK (WAN) ............................. 39
NETWORK ADDRESS TRANSLATION (NAT) ........ 39
PORTS ...................................................................... 39
IP ADDRESSES ........................................................ 41
PING A COMPUTER .................................................... 42
POSSIBLE PITFALL WITH ROUTERS,
GATEWAYS, AND SWITCHES ................................ 42
RVON Configuration ............................................43
Network Terminology ...........................................45
RVON TRUNKING CONNECTIONS ...............49
Notes .....................................................................57
CHAPTER 1
Introduction
Description of the RVON-C Voice Over Network Card
Installed directly into the Cronus Intercom frame, the RVON-C provides voice over IP (Internet Protocol) communications for
the RTS Cronus intercom system. In general, voice over IP means sending voice information in digital form using discrete
packets rather than the traditional telephone network. The RVON-C delivers an integrated solution for connecting custom
keypanels to the Intercom Matrix over standard IP networks by supporting 8 channels (ports) of audio IN and OUT.
The RVON-C card supports all standard, hot-swappable and configurable features through Bosch’s AZedit configuration
software, as well as support for remote keypanels and virtual keypanels via VOIP (voice over IP).
RVON-C supports Bosch Intelligent Trunking over IP. Trunking is a method of using relatively few audio paths for a large
number of potential users. Because it is flexible, a trunked system can expand along with your business, to accommodate a
growing number of users. RTS’ Intelligent Trunking is a proven technology, which provides the same capabilities and ease of
use for intercoms - seamless routing and path finding of communications between facilities regardless of distance - as does the
long distance telephone system for phone calls.
RVON-C is fully compatible with internationally recognized standards and supports the following protocols: G.711, G.729A,
and G.723 (2 speeds).
3
Features
Installation
The RVON-C card is hot-swappable and installs in any available slot in an Cronus Intercom System. It
provides a single RJ-45 Ethernet connection for use with a 10 BASE-T or 100 BASE-TX network. It
also has a DB-9 connection for an RS-232 or
RS-485 pass-thru port.
8 Channels of
Audio IN and
OUT
Expands the connectivity of the Cronus intercom by supporting 8 channels (ports) IN and OUT. Each
channel has configurable network and bandwidth parameters that can tailored to individual network
functions, as well as ancillary data for keypanels and trunking control.
Ethernet
Compatible
Fully Ethernet capable. The RVON-C card uses standard Ethernet protocols and is compatible with 10
BASE T or
100 BASE-TX Ethernet compliant devices and networks.
AZedit
Configurations
Users have the ability to adjust the audio parameters of each RVON-C channel to optimize the
available bandwidth on the network.
Trunk Capable
The RVON-C card supports ancillary data control for use with Telex® Intelligent Trunking.
Addressing
Eight individually addressable audio channels. The RVON-C card can feed simultaneously VOIP
(voice over internet protocol) capable keypanels, as well as various other matrix intercom systems.
Pass-Through
Serial Port
Provides a virtual serial connection via an IP connection, which, if used while trunking, may eliminate
the need for multiple IP resources.
Specifications
DIGITAL
COMPRESSION
BIT RATE
CODING
DELAY
PLAYOUT
DELAY
BANDWIDTH
G.711
64 K
125 μs
20-60 ms
160-224kbps
G729A
8K
10 ms
20-120 ms
32-112kbps
G.723
5.3 K / 6.3 K
30 ms
60-120 ms
29-45 kbps
*Data Rate Depends on Codec Selection
NOTE:
4
The Playout Delay and Bandwidth depend on the configured amount of audio per packet.
Default Ethernet IP Addresses
TABLE 1. Default
Product
Address for the RVON Product Line
Default IP Address
Default Subnet Mask
RVON-I/O
192.168.0.1
255.255.0.0
RVON-8
192.168.0.2.
255.255.0.0
RVON-1
192.168.0.3
255.255.0.0
RVON-C
192.168.0.4
255.255.0.0
RVON-16
192.168.0.5
255.255.0.0
GPIO-16
192.168.0.6
255.255.0.0
MCII-e
192.168.0.7
255.255.0.0
Cronus
192.168.0.8
255.255.0.0
Zeus III
192.168.0.9
255.255.0.0
CONNECTIONS - PINOUTS
RJ-45 Ethernet via backcard
RJ-45
PIN
FUNCTION
1
Ethernet TPO +
2
Ethernet TPO -
3
Ethernet TPI +
4
TPO +
5
TPO -
6
Ethernet TPI -
7
TPI +
8
TPI -
DB-9 Serial Port via backcard
DB-9
PIN
FUNCTION
1
N/A
2
RXD, RVON-C Received
Data
3
TXD, RVON-C Received
Data
4
N/A
5
GND
6
N/A
7
N/A
8
N/A
9
N/A
5
Power......................................................................................................................................................5W Typical
Physical .......................................................................................................................................8.25” W x 6.25” L
RVON-C JUMPERS and CONNECTIONS
A selectable RS232/485 serial port is at connector J1 Serial (see Figure 2 on page 8) on the backcard. Jumper connections on
J10, J11, and J12 (on the front card, see Figure 1 on page 7) select the signal mode on J1.
•
•
6
When J10, J11, and J12 are jumped from pins 1 to 2 - J1 is configured for RS485.
When J10, J11, and J12 are jumped from pins 2 to 3 - J1 is configured for RS232.
FIGURE 1.
Frontcard - RVON-C 9030-7835-000
7
FIGURE 2.
Backcard - RVON-C
FIGURE 3.
8
RVON-C Backplate
CHAPTER 2
Installation
Installation of the RVON-C Card into the Cronus System
When inserting the RVON-C card into the Cronus system, the following considerations need to be made:
•
Gently insert the RVON-C card into the correct slot. If the card is forced or twisted while inserting, a pin on the
backplane could short or break causing the card to become inoperable.
•
When inserting the RVON-C card into the Cronus system, make sure to insert it into a compatible backcard. If
the card is inserted into a incompatible backcard, undesirable results can occur.
Addresses and the RVON-C Card
Because the RVON-C has an Ethernet interface, it is required to have a MAC (Media Access Control) address. This is a low
level address that contains 48 bits. Do not confuse this address with an IP (Internet Protocol) Address. In order to be IP
compliant, all cards must have a unique MAC ID when shipped from the manufacturer. Typically, the MAC ID of a piece of
hardware, such as the RVON-C card, has a fixed or static address. Whereas, the RVON-C card’s IP Address can change over
time.
The MAC Address uniquely identifies each node of a network and interfaces directly with the network media. The RVON-C
card has a small 8-pin serial device on the board so that the processor can read the unique MAC Address from. For more
information on MAC IDs, contact technical support.
Software Requirements
AZedit ............................................. version 3.1 or higher
RVON-I/O ...................................... version 1.1.0 or higher
RVON-1 .......................................... version 1.2.0 or higher
RVON-8 .......................................... version 1.2.2 or higher
VKP................................................. version 1.1.0 or higher
Master Controller ............................ version 1.3.0 or higher
NOTE:
For improved performance, we recommend using a router switch that supports High Priority Packets. For more
information on High Priority Packet Router Switches, consult your System Administrator.
9
Switches and Connections
IMPORTANT:
You must remove the card from the frame in order to change any DIP switch settings on the front card,
see Figure 1 on page 7).
DIP Switches
DIP Switch 1
Closed: Configuration via AZedit is disabled
Open: (Default) Configuration via AZedit is enabled.
Description:
DIP Switch 2
Disables configuration changes via AZedit. AZedit will still be able to view the card
configuration and connection status. The configuration can still be changed via the serial and
Telnet connections.
Closed: Ignore saved Master Controller configuration
Open:(Default) Normal Operation
Description
Ignores the last saved Master Controller configuration.
DIP Switches 3-4
Unused - Keep in Open position.
DIP Switch 5
Closed: Resets the Telnet username and password to their default values:
User = telex
Password = password
Open: (Default) Uses current username and password
Description:
DIP Switch 6
Enables the user to reset the Telnet Username and Password.
Closed: Enables a serial monitor on the backcard DB9 (J2).
Open: (Default) Enables a pass-through serial port via the backcard DB9 (J2)
Description:
DIP Switch 7
Selects DB9 (J2) serial configuration.
Closed: Runs the Boot Download
Open: (Default) Runs the native flash program.
Description:
DIP Switch 8
Switches to the boot download flash program. This program is sent with the RVON-C card in
case the native flash program becomes corrupt.
DEBUG ONLY!
WARNING: DIP Switch 8 should always be left in the OFF position. It is reserved for
debugging and can have unintended consequences.
CLOSED
OPEN
FIGURE 4.
10
RVON-C DIP Switch panel
Configuring the RVON-C Card with AZedit
Once the RVON-C card is inserted into the Intercom, AZedit will automatically recognize the card.
NOTE:
Requires intercom firmware and AZedit software that supports RVON cards.
To configure the RVON-C card, do the following:
1.
From the Status menu, select I/O Cards.
The IO Card Status screen appears showing the types of installed cards.
2.
Right -click on an RVON-C card, and select RVON-C Configuration.
The RVON-C Configuration screen appears.
11
3.
From the RVON-C drop down list, select the slot in which the RVON-C card resides, if it is not already selected.
4.
In the IP Address field, enter the IP Address you have assigned to the RVON-C card.
5.
In the Network Mask field, enter the Network Mask of the network to which the RVON-C card is connected.
6.
In the Default Gateway field, enter the Default Gateway Address (if applicable) of the network to which the RVONC card is connected.
A Default Gateway is only required if the RVON-C connections are between LANs.
Under Settings for Pass-Through Serial via Ethernet
7.
In the Target IP Address field, enter the target IP Address of the device you want to connect to over Ethernet.
8.
From the Serial Baud Rate drop down list, select the baud rate at which the data is transmitted.
Under Settings for Connected Devices
NOTE:
You MUST configure the channel settings on each end of a connection and ensure the same codec and packet
size are selected at each end. Remember, the RVON-C card has different channels which can be configured.
9.
In the RVON-C Channel drop down list, select the channel you want to use to communicate to another device across
the network.
10.
In the Device IP Address field, enter the IP Address of the device to which you want to connect.
11.
From the Device Type drop down list, select the type of device to which the RVON-C card is connecting.
12.
From the Device Channel drop down list, select the channel on the device to which the RVON-C card will
communicate.
13.
From the CODEC Type drop down list, select the CODEC type you want to use for this channel.
14.
From the Packet Size drop down list, select the size of each audio packet.
NOTE:
15.
NOTE:
A CODEC is an algorithm used to compress audio. There are 5 Codices supported by Telex: G.711 μs law,
G.711A law, G.729AB, G.723 (5.3k), and G.723 (6.3k). The type of CODEC will dictate the quality of audio you
hear and the network bandwidth used. The packet size determines how much audio data is carried across the
network in each transmitted packet. The CODEC type and packet size chosen require different amounts of
bandwidth from the network (see “Specifications” on page 4). As with the CODEC type, the packet size you
choose for the audio transfer will affect the audio you hear and the bandwidth you use over the network. The
larger the audio packet you choose to use, the lower the bandwidth used. However, the larger packet size can
result in a higher delay and longer gaps if the packet is lost. On the other hand, smaller packet sizes result in
larger bandwidth use, but lower delays and smaller gaps if the packet is lost. The Intercom System Engineer and
the Network Administrator may want to work together in choosing the CODEC type and packet size suitable for
the size of the network, so degradation of network resources does not happen.
Select Enable VAD (Voice Activity Detection), if you want to conserve bandwidth when the audio level is below a
given threshold.
Voice Activity Detection saves network bandwidth by stopping the flow of audio packets when silence is
detected. VAD is similar to VOX.
At this point you may choose another channel to configure or choose another card to configure.
16.
12
Once you are completely finished, click Apply.
Apply sends all of the changes to all the cards in the intercom, or click Cancel to discard all changes you make.
RVON-C Connection Status Screen
The RVON-C connection status screens display information pertaining to RVON-C channel connection. You can only show
statistics for one channel on a card at a time.
NOTE:
To view the RVON-C Connection Status screens make sure both AZedit and the RVON-C card are on the same
Ethernet network. The reason this is important is because the statistics are updated once per second. At this rate
of dynamic update, a serial port could not pass this much data effectively.
To get to the RVON Connection Status screen, do the following:
1.
From the Status menu, select I/O Cards.
The IO Card Status screen appears showing the types of installed cards.
2.
Right-click the card with which you want to work.
A context menu appears.
3.
Select RVON Connection Status.
The RVON Connections screen appears. The Connection screen contains six pages of information about the selected
channel and are described in detail on the following pages.
13
Screen Item
Description
Select Local Card and Channel
RVON Card
The card for which you want to view the status.
From the RVON drop down list, select the card you want to view.
IP Address
Displays the IP (Internet Protocol) Address of the card you select.
Local Channel
One of eight audio channels supported by the RVON-C card.
From the Channel drop down list, select the channel for which you want to view the
status.
Remote Connection Information
Device Type
Displays the type of device the RVON-C card is connected to on the other end of the
channel.
IP Address
Displays the IP Address of the device connected at the other end of the channel.
Remote Channel
Displays the channel at the other end of the connection that the device is using.
14
SCREEN ITEM
DESCRIPTION
Attempts / Drops
The number of times a call attempt has been made and dropped.
NOTE: The number of attempts should always be one greater than the number of
drops.
Current Call State
The state of the connection. There are two connection states: Connected or Idle.
Origination / Termination
Displays which end of the connection originated or terminated the call.
Local: RVON-C card
Remote: device at the other end of the connection.
Release Reason
Displays why the connection was terminated, for example, congestion, network error,
local release, remote release.
Connection Duration
Displays the duration of the connection. This is shown in hh/mm/ss.
Compression Algorithm
Displays what type of configuration the connection is using. This can be different than
the original configuration if both ends of the channel are not configured the same. If the
configuration is different, these fields will be in red.
Audio Packet Size
Voice Activity Detect (VAD)
15
SCREEN
ITEM
DESCRIPTION
VOIP Playout Statistics
Playout Buffer
Size
Displays how much audio can be received from the network before packets are lost. This is four times
bigger than configured packet size. This is a static system setting.
Nominal
Playout Delay
Displays how much audio is collected before playout begins. Playout begins at half the Playout Buffer
Size, which is two times the configured packet size. This is a static system setting.
Average
Playout Delay
Displays the actual average audio collected before packets are played out. This is measured over the
length of the connection.
Voice Playout
Buffer
Underrun
Displays the number of packet times that packets were not played because the Playout Buffer was
empty.
NOTE: If VAD is enabled, there will be playout buffer runs because there are no packets being received
during silence.
Voice Playout
Buffer Overrun
Displays the number of packets that were discarded because the Playout Buffer was full.
Missing
Sequence
Packet
Displays how many audio packets were missed in the sequence.
Replayed
Packets
Displays how many audio packets were replayed.
Average Frame
Jitter
Displays the measure of consistency of packet arrival times. Lower jitter is better.
16
SCREEN ITEM
DESCRIPTION
Network Statistics
Voice Playout Packets
(Tx/Rx)
Displays the number of voice packets transmitted and received from the other side of the
connection.
DTMF Relay Packets
(Tx/Rx)
Displays the number of DTMF (dual tone multiple frequency) relay packets transmitted and
received. DTMF relay packets are a bandwidth and quality saving feature within the RVON-C
card.
Silence Detections
Packets (Tx/Rx)
Displays the number of times a silence detection packet has been sent or received. VAD (voice
activity detection) must be enabled.
Silence Suppressed
Packets (Tx)
Displays the number of packets never sent because the packets contained silence.
Packet Interarrival
Time (Min/Max)
Displays the minimum and maximum time elapsed between packets being sent.
Recent Bandwidth Use
(Tx/Rx)
Displays the amount of bandwidth used in Kbytes/sec over the length of the call.
This is calculated by the number of voice packets transmitted and received over the last 10
seconds.
Average Bandwidth
Use (Tx/ Rx)
Displays the amount of bandwidth used in Kbytes/sec over the length of the call.
This is calculated by the number of voice packets transmitted and received and the length of
the connection.
17
SCREEN ITEM
DESCRIPTION
Error Counts
Invalid Headers
Displays how many IP packets could not be parsed.
Invalid MAC Address
Displays how many invalid MAC addresses tried to connect.
Invalid SSRC
Displays the number of packets with an invalid SSRC.
Invalid Payload
Displays how many incorrectly formatted packets were received.
DSP to Micro Overrun
Displays the number of packets that were lost because the Micro was too busy to receive.
Invalid Destination
Displays how many invalid destinations were received.
Lost Packets
Displays how many packets were lost.
18
Screen Item
Description
SERIAL TO ETHERNET
The Serial to Ethernet information shows the serial data that
is received on the serial connection and transferred to the
Ethernet address of the card to which the serial data is sent.
Bytes Transferred
Displays the number of bytes transferred from the serial
connection to Ethernet.
Bytes Lost
Displays the number of bytes that could not be transferred.
Errors
Displays the number of errors that occurred during transfer.
Tx IP Address
Displays the IP address of the card the serial data is sent
Baud Rate
Displays the baud rate of the serial connection.
ETHERNET TO SERIAL
The Ethernet to Serial information shows the serial data that
is received on the Ethernet connection and transferred to the
serial connection.
Bytes Transferred
Displays the number of bytes that have been transferred to
the serial port.
Bytes Lost
Displays the number of bytes that could not be transferred.
Errors
Displays the number of errors that occurred during transfer
Rx IP Address
Displays the IP Address from which data was last received
via Ethernet (this address should match the Tx IP Address).
Unexpected Bytes
Displays the number of unexpected bytes of data.
Unexpected bytes is data that has come from any IP address
that is not the Tx IP Address. The bytes of data are
considered unexpected bytes and are not transmitted.
19
View RVON-C Status from Cronus Front Panel
Not only are you able to view at the status of the RVON-C from AZedit, but now you can also view the status of your card
from the front panel display on the Cronus system.
To access RVON-C status from the Cronus front panel, do the following:
1.
On the front of the Cronus, tap either of the selector knobs.
The top-level menu appears.
2.
Turn either selector knob to display Status.
3.
Tap the selector knob.
The Status sub-menu appears.
4.
Turn either selector knob to display RVON-C.
5.
Tap the select knob.
Slots available appears.
NOTE:
There are four slots maximum in each Cronus for RVON-C cards. Each RVON-C card has 8 channels of audio
IN and OUT. Slots that are connected to an RVON-C card will have an arrow in the front panel display, otherwise
a dot will appear next to the slot.
Slot 2: 9-16
Slot 4: 25-32
Slot 1: 1-8
Slot 3: 17-24
If you have more than one Cronus linked together, the slots will continue numbering slot 5, slot 6, and so on.
20
6.
Turn the selector knob to select the desired slot.
7.
Tap the select knob.
Ethernet Status, Serial Status, and VoIP Channel Status appears. See Table 2 on page 21 for description of each
status.
8.
Turn the selector knob to the desired status.
9.
Tap the selector knob.
TABLE 2. RVON-C
status descriptions
Action
Display
When Ethernet is selected:
Link Up - Displays whether the Ethernet link is active or inactive. Link Up = Active, Link
Down = Inactive
Speed - Displays the connection speed in mbps. Can be either 10 mbps or 100 mbps
Mode - Displays whether the connection is Half Duplex (data moves in one direction) or
Full Duplex (data moves in both directions).
Auto-Negotiate - Automatically determines the Ethernet speed and mode, and then adjusts settings accordingly.
When Serial is selected:
IP - Displays the IP Address of where the transfer is being sent.
Baud - Displays the connection speed of the RVON-C.
To Net - Displays the number of bytes that have been transferred from the serial port.
To Ser - Displays the number of bytes that have been transferred to the serial port.
When VoIP Channel is
selected
VoIP. . . . . . . .
- displays the channel connection status to other RVON devices. The
channel connection shows connections to RVON-8, RVON-I/O,
RVON-1, RVON-C, and VKP.
Each dot (or checkmark) represents a channel connection. There are
eight channel connections for each RVON-C card.
If a dot (•) is seen in the display, this means that the channel is not
connected to a RVON device.
If a checkmark () is seen in the display, this means that the channel is
connected to a RVON device.
Panels . . . . . . . .
- displays whether or not there is a keypanel connected at the other end
of the channel connection.
Each dot (or checkmark) represents a channel connection. There are
eight channel connections for each RVON-C card.
If a dot (•) is seen in the display, this means that the channel is not
connected to a keypanel.
If a checkmark () is seen in the display, this means that the channel is
connected to a keypanel.
NOTE: Channels are ordered from left to right.
21
Download RVON-C Firmware through AZedit
NOTE:
22
AZedit sends the program directly to the RVON-C card over Ethernet. This is different from other I/O cards that
receive the firmware from the Master Controller. For this reason, verify the PC running AZedit is on the same
network as the RVON-C card. If it is not, AZedit will not be able to find the RVON-C card. To test the
connection, ping the RVON-card from a command line. For more information on testing for a connection see
Appendix A.
1.
Open AZedit.
2.
From the Status menu, select Software Versions, then I/O Cards.
The I/O Card Version Information screen appears show the occupied slots in the system.
3.
Highlight the Version to be updated.
You may select more than one version at a time by holding the CTRL key down while you select.
4.
Right-click the highlighted selections and select Download Firmware.
The Firmware Download Window appears.
5.
Using the browse feature, browse to the file to be downloaded.
6.
Click Open.
The Download Device Firmware window appears.
7.
Click Begin Download.
The download begins.
8.
Click OK.
The RVON-C firmware download is complete. This takes a minute or two to occur.
9.
Verify the version upgrade in the I/O Card Version Information Window is correct.
WARNING:
Do NOT reset the Master Controller. Do NOT power down the frame or pull the RVON-C card(s) from the
frame until you have verified the new version information from AZedit. If the card loses power while
reprogramming the on-board flash memory, the card may need to be returned to the Lincoln service
department.
23
24
J1
SERIAL
4
USB
DE-9-P
1
MALE, 9 PINS
" D " SUB
DE-9-P
GPIO J9
1
2
3
2
2
1
GROUND
6
1
J1
" D " SUB
CONNECT TO ICP-2000
DE-9-P
MALE, 9 PINS
N/C
J1
CONNECT TO RVON-8
2
6
J8
3
RS485 +
J7
4
POWER 2
RS485 -
XCP-ADAM-MC J2
CONNECT TO MATRIX
MALE, 9 PINS
" D " SUB
DE-9-P
2
6
XCP-ADAM-MC J2
CONNECT TO MATRIX
RS485 -
GROUND
17-24
MALE, 9 PINS
" D " SUB
J2
J6
J4
5
J1
6
J5
7
J3
8
POWER 1
1-8
RS485 +
LINE 1
ENC 2
REAR VIEW
J2
ETHERNET
Digital Matrix Intercom
CRONUS
25-32
LINE 2
RVON-C
ENC 1
CRONUS FRAME
WITH RVON-C CARD
9 - 16
GROUND
RS485 -
RS485 +
GROUND
RS485 -
RS485 +
WAN
MC-XCP
AIO-BC-MC # 2
J1
AIO-BC-MC # 1
J2
BLANK
J1
J3
J2
J4
TM2000
J3
J5
J4
J6
J5
REAR VIEW
J7
ADAM MATRIX FRAME
J9
J6
J8
act
link
J10
REAR CONNECTOR
CARD OPTION
ICP-2000
J11
FOR RS-485 DATA
SHOLD BE SET TO PINS 1 AND 2
NOTE RVON JUMPER J10,J11,AND J12
Serial Data Conn.
Network Conn.
J7
REAR CONNECTOR
RVON-8
J8
act
link
CHAPTER 3
RVON-C Card
Serial Port Programming
RVON Serial and Telnet Commands
RVON card programming can be done via direct serial or telnet connection. There are several physical connections to an
RVON board:
•
Direct serial through custom debug cable (J7 6-pin bottom front)
The customer debug cable always functions as the general-purpose debug tool.
•
Backcard DB-9 J1
The backcard DB-9 (must be disabled/enabled via a DIP Switch because it can also be used for serial port passthrough. The backcard DB-9 can be used for a debug terminal when DIP switch 6 is switched to the Closed
position.
•
Backcard RJ-45 J2(Telnet Only)
Setup
Serial Port
38.400 baud, No-flow control
Telnet
IP Address, port 23
25
*****************************
RVON-C Revision 1.00.02
(C) Copyright 2003 Telex Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Flash File System initialized.
DIP Switch settings:....XXXX
Configuration via AZedit disabled (via DIP Switch 1 on)
Back card UART enabled for pass-through serial (via DIP Switch 6 off)
Boot downloader disabled (via DIP Switch 7 off)
Autoload enabled (via DIP Switch 8 off)
Monitor Revision
1.00.02
Monitor Compilation time
Oct 18 2005, 14:33:52
Processor ID / Revision
0x80 (4Kc) / 0x05
Avalanche Device Type
Avalanche-I, Revision 1.3
Memory Controller Revision
1.204
Endianness
Big
External Memory rate
Full
CPU Frequ
8 MBytes
RAM size
64 MBytes
First free RAM address
0x9401f1a8
PLL Mode
Operating 2.50X
Press any key to abort OS load, or wait 1 seconds for OS to boot...
** Defragmenting File System and Environment flash area(s) **
Reading flash file system... No deleted flash file entries found.
Reading environment flash space... Complete.
FlashEraseBlock(b07f8000);
..
Copying environment to flash... Complete.
Loading file /bin/telex1 from FFS
PC: 94020000
FTP done!, PC: 94020000
Target Name: vxTarget
Attached TCP/IP interface to emac unit 0
Attaching network interface lo0... done.
0x97e796f0 (tNetTask): Link is down on EMAC A.
NFS client support not included.
Adding 5160 symbols for standalone.
appCreate: autoBootLevel=2
MXP environment is created.
26
Creating RVON application...
-> Bringing DSP subsystem out of reset...
DSP Daughtercard type is set to NONE - No DSP Daughtercard Found
0000004883 - ROOT: FPGA Version = ff00
0000004890 - ROOT: Channel 2 Remote IP Address is unconfigured
0000004892 - ROOT: Channel 3 Remote IP Address is unconfigured
0000004894 - ROOT: Channel 4 Remote IP Address is unconfigured
0000004895 - ROOT: Channel 5 Remote IP Address is unconfigured
0000004897 - ROOT: Channel 6 Remote IP Address is unconfigured
0000004898 - ROOT: Channel 7 Remote IP Address is unconfigured
About to create Idle Task
About to create Measurement Task
Idle Measurement Tasks created
0000004931 - SMGR: tcid 0, expecting remote device connection
0000004931 - SMGR: tcid 0, added to new socket for device 0
0000004931 - SERV: in0000005049 - DSPA: DSP 0,Image 0:Download done!
0000005055 - DSPA: DSP 1,Image 0:Download done!
0000005155 - NMM: ATPM Update Database Granted
0000005255 - NMM: ATPM Configured for RVON operation
0000005255 - NMM: ATPM Update database done
0000005258 - NMM: 0, states: oper=NORMAL, admin=NORMAL, call=IDLE
0000005259 - NMM: 1, states: oper=NORMAL, admin=NORMAL, call=IDLE
0000005260x97e796f0 (tNetTask): Link is up on EMAC A: 100 MBps and FULL duplex.
0000005763 - RVON: port 0, requesting call permission
0000005763 - UDPT: error - CALL_REQUEST: don't send to an RVON-1 or RVON-IO till
ports known
0000005813 - RVON: port 1, requesting call permission
0000005813 - RVON: port 1, call permission granted, initiate call
0000005814 - RVON: p: CBRX_RVON_ALPHAS
0000005832 - FNRX: CBRX_ANALOG_TRIM
0000005832 - FNRX: CBRX_POLL_DELAYS, ignored
0000005833 - NMM: 1, states: oper=NORMAL, admin=NORMAL, call=SEIZED
0000005833 - NMM: 1, states: oper=NORMAL, admin=NORMAL, call=SETUP
0000005834 - FNRX: CBRX_VOX_PARAMS
27
Access Serial Command Mode
There are many different serial port commands supported from here but it is NOT recommended that any be used EXCEPT:
dbgcmd
1.
Type “dbgcmd”, then press Return.
This places the serial port into the MXP> (MXP command mode)
The MXP Command Mode is the only mode that will be used. The table below is a list of commands supported from the MXP
Shell Prompt.
28
Serial Command Table
TABLE 3. Serial
Command Table
Command
Variable 1
Variable 2
set rvon
Description
Help screen which lists all “set rvon” commands.
set rvon
ip_addr
X.X.X.X
Set the IP Address for the RVON Card.
set rvon
netmask
X.X.X.X
Set network mask for the RVON Card.
set rvon
gateway
X.X.X.X
Set the gateway IP Address for the RVON-8 card.
set rvon
user
abcdefg
Set the RVON user name for telnet access.
Default “telex”
set rvon
password
abcdefg
Set the RVON password for telnet access (8-40 characters).
Default “password”
set rvon
vad_threshold
[adaptive ⎢#]
Set the VAD threshold (silence detection) Adaptive refers to
auto-select. The # can be -20 to +10dBm.
set channel
[chan]
Help screen which lists all “set tcid” commands (TCID 0-7).
set channel
[chan]
dest_ip
X.X.X.X
Set the destination IP Address for this particular
RVON_Channel (same as tcid).
set channel
[chan]
dest_type
X
dest_type X = 0 (rvon-8 or rvon-C), 1 (rvon-1), 2 (rvon-I/O).
set channel
[chan]
chan_codec
X
Set the profile to use which includes the compression codec
see below (0-27).
set channel
[chan]
onhook
Force the channel to disconnect the port.
set channel
[chan]
offhook
Force the channel to connect the port.
set emac auto*
Enables auto-negotiation of the Ethernet interface
configuration.
set emac 10 half
Configures the Ethernet interface for 10Mbps half duplex.
set emac 10 full
Configures the Ethernet interface for 10Mbps full duplex.
set emac 100
half
Configures the Ethernet interface for 100 Mbps half duplex.
set emac 100
full
Configures the Ethernet interface for 100 Mbps full duplex.
set serial
ip_addr
X.X.X.X
Set the destination IP Address for this serial pass-through
port.
set serial
baud
X
Set the baud rate to use: 50 through 115000.
activate
Must do an activate command to cause changes to take effect.
show rvon
Display current settings
show serial
Display current settings
29
TABLE 3. Serial
Command
Command Table
Variable 1
Variable 2
Description
show channel
[chan]
Display current settings
show emac
Display current settings
RVON-C Default Setup
Every attempt is made to ensure the board is shipped from the factory containing the following:
All are “set rvon” commands
VARIABLE
ENVIRONMENT NAME
DEFAULT
VALUE
DESCRIPTION
ip_addr
EMACA_IPADDR
x.x.x.x
IP Address for the RVON-C Card
netmask
EMACA_NETMASK
255.255.255.0
Network Mask for the RVONC card
gateway
EMACA_GW
none
Gateway IP Address for the RVON-C Card
serial_ip
RVON_SERIAL_IP
none
Pass-thru serial port IP Address for the RVON-C Card
serial_baud
RVON_SERIAL_ Baud
9600
Set the pass-thru serial port baud rate for the RVON-C Card
user
RVON_USER
telex
RVON-C user name for telnet access
password
RVON_PASSWORD
password
RVON-C password for telnet access (8-40 characters)
vad_threshold
RVON_THRESHOLD_VAD
10
VAD Threshold
There are more parameters that the software will auto-configure if they have not been previously setup. The user can also set
these parameters, in which case the software would not modify but take them as they are.
All are “set chan #” commands because they are for each audio channel.
VARIABLE
ENVIRONMENT NAME
DEFAULT
VALUE
DESCRIPTION
dest_ip
RVON_DEST_IP_#
X.X.X.X
Destination IP Address for this particular RVON_CH
dest_type
RVON_DEST_TYPE_3
X
Destination Type Y= 0 (RVON-C), 1 (rvon-1), 2 (rvon-I/O)
dest_chan
RVON_DEST_CHAN_#
X
Destination Channel - what port of far end (0-7)
chan_codec
RVON_CHAN_CODEC_#
X
Profile to use (previous coding table)
Typing, “pintenv”, then pressing Return from an RVON-C boot code or “sys-printenv” from the MXP Debug System Prompt
may show these commands. The Environment name is listed because this is the label used by the software
IMPORTANT!: If the user is attempting to do a “setenv” to change a parameter from the RVON-C boot code, the
Environment Name must be used and NOT the “set rvon variable” name.
30
CHAPTER 4
RVON-C Quick Start
This guide explains briefly how to install and configure an RVON-C card in a Cronus system. It contains the following
sections:
1.
Install the Front card and the Back card into Cronus
2.
Connect Ethernet
3.
Connect to Cronus frame in AZedit
4.
Configure the RVON-C card
5.
Configure the devices the card will connect with.
6.
Begin Operation.
NOTE:
If you are connecting using Serial Pass-Through Port, “Setting up a Serial Pass-Through Port Connection or
Serial Connection” on page 35
Install Front and Back Cards in Cronus
When inserting the RVON-C card into Cronus, the following considerations need to be made:
•
Gently insert the RVON-C card into the correct slot. If the card is forced or twisted while inserting, a pin on the
backplane could short or break causing the card to become inoperable.
•
When inserting the RVON-C card into Cronus, be sure to insert it into a compatible backcard. If the card is
inserted into an incompatible backcard, undesirable results can occur.
Plug in Ethernet
Verify that there is an Ethernet connection from the RVON-C card (J2 Ethernet on the back of the Cronus) to the network.
31
Launch AZedit and Connect to the Cronus Frame
NOTE:
You can connect to Cronus using a Serial, USB or Network Connection. The following instructions show how to
connect using a Network connection. For more information on configuring the network connection for the
Cronus, see the Cronus User Manual (9350-7770-000).
To connect to the Cronus system from AZedit, do the following:
32
1.
From the Options menu, select Communications.
The Communications screen appears.
2.
Verify that Network is selected.
3.
Press the browse button next to the Main IP Address field.
The Available Intercoms screen appears.
4.
Highlight Cronus in the Intercoms window and click OK.
5.
Click OK when the Configuration Change message appears.
6.
You will now see CRON in the lower right hand corner of the AZedit application.
33
Configure the RVON-C Card
Once you have a connection to Cronus, you are now ready to configure the RVON-C card within the Cronus system.
To configure the RVON-C Card, do the following:
1.
From the Navigation bar at the bottom of the AZedit application, click the RVON button.
The RVON Configuration screen appears.
2.
From the RVON-C drop down list, select the slot in which the RVON-C card resides, if it is not already selected.
3.
In the IP Address field, enter the IP Address you have assigned to the RVON-C card.
4.
In the Network Mask field, enter the Network Mask of the network to which the RVON-C card is connected.
5.
In the Default Gateway field, enter the Default Gateway Address (if applicable) of the network to which the RVONC card is connected.
A Default Gateway is only required if the RVON-C connections are between LANs or WANs.
Under Settings for Pass-Through Serial via Ethernet
6.
In the Target IP Address field, enter the target IP Address of the device you want to connect to over Ethernet.
7.
From the Serial Baud Rate drop down list, select the baud rate at which the data is transmitted.
Under Settings for Connected Devices
NOTE:
34
You MUST configure the channel settings on each end of a connection and ensure the same codec and packet
size are selected at each end. Remember, the RVON-C card has different channels which can be configured.
8.
In the RVON-C Channel drop down list, select the channel you want to use to communicate to another device across
the network.
9.
In the Device IP Address: field, enter the IP Address of the device to which you want to connect.
10.
From the Device Type drop down list, select the type of device to which the RVON-C card is connecting.
11.
From the Device Channel drop down list, select the channel on the device to which the RVON-C card will
communicate.
12.
From the CODEC Type drop down list, select the CODEC type you want to use for this channel.
13.
From the Packet Size drop down list, select the size of each audio packet.
NOTE:
14.
NOTE:
A CODEC is an algorithm used to compress audio. There are 5 Codices supported by Telex: G.711 μs law,
G.711A law, G.729AB, G.723 (5.3k), and G.723 (6.3k). The type of CODEC will dictate the quality of audio you
hear and the network bandwidth used. The packet size determines how much audio data is carried across the
network in each transmitted packet. The CODEC type and packet size chosen require different amounts of
bandwidth from the network (see “Specifications” on page 4). As with the CODEC type, the packet size you
choose for the audio transfer will affect the audio you hear and the bandwidth you use over the network. The
larger the audio packet you choose to use, the lower the bandwidth used. However, the larger packet size can
result in a higher delay and longer gaps if the packet is lost. On the other hand, smaller packet sizes result in
larger bandwidth use, but lower delays and smaller gaps if the packet is lost. The Intercom System Engineer and
the Network Administrator may want to work together in choosing the CODEC type and packet size suitable for
the size of the network, so degradation of network resources does not happen.
Select Enable VAD (Voice Activity Detection), if you want to conserve bandwidth when the audio level is below a
given threshold.
Voice Activity Detection saves network bandwidth by stopping the flow of audio packets when silence is
detected. VAD is similar to VOX.
At this point you may choose another channel to configure or choose another card to configure.
15.
Once you are completely finished, click Apply.
Apply sends all of the changes to all the cards in the intercom, or click Cancel to discard all changes you make.
Configure the Devices Connected to the RVON-C card
See the device user manual for specific configuration instructions.
Setting up a Serial Pass-Through Port Connection or Serial Connection
If you plan to pass data using either a Serial Pass-Through or Serial Connection you will need to set the DIP switches and
jumpers to reflect which connection you will want to use.
NOTE:
When making adjustments to the DIP switches and jumpers, you will need to take the front card out of Cronus.
To use Serial Pass-Through, do the following:
1.
Set DIP Switch 6 to the OPEN position
2.
Set the serial protocol, either RS232 or RS485.
•
•
For RS232, jumper pins 2 & 3 of J10, J11, and J12
3.
Once you have set the correct configuration, replace the RVON-C into Cronus and hook the DB-9 connector to the
RVON-C backcard.
For RS485, jumper pins 1 & 2 of J10, J11, and J12
To use the Serial connection, do the following:
1.
Set DIP Switch 6 to the CLOSED position
2.
Set the serial protocol, either RS232 or RS485.
35
36
•
•
For RS232, jumper pins 2 & 3 of J10, J11, and J12
3.
Once you have set the correct configuration, replace the RVON-C into Cronus and hook the DB-9 connector to the
RVON-C backcard.
4.
Use Table 3, “Serial Command Table,” on page 29 to configure your RVON-C card.
For RS485, jumper pins 1 & 2 of J10, J11, and J12
APPENDIX A
Basic Network Configuration
Basic Network Configuration
This section covers basic network configuration set-up and testing. Also covered are basic concepts and operations, including
the difference between LAN and WAN networks and how IP Addressing is used.
In a networked environment, such as a company, typically there are many computers connected together using a router or a
switch. In larger companies, there may be several different routers distributed in buildings and plant locations. A router allows
any LAN-side computer to communicate with other computers and devices outside the LAN (local area network). Routers
send data packets from one place to another place on a network. routers use network addresses to route packets to the correct
destination. For example, in a TCP/IP network, the IP (internet protocol) address of the network interface is used to direct
router destinations.
Because routers help computers inside the LAN “talk” with computers outside of the LAN, the security of a company’s LAN
may be compromised by gaps of open ports in the router. Security measures may have been instituted to compensate for these
vulnerabilities. Consult you network administrator to learn about the security measures taken to protect your network. VPN, or
virtual private network, is one such security measure to protect the intelligence of the LAN. A computer outside the LAN must
have an address or key known by the VPN to allow access to the LAN. Many companies use a VPN to connect two different
LANs, thus allowing the transfer of data between two networks.
LAN (local area network) vs. WAN (wide area network)
LOCAL AREA NETWORK
Simply put, a LAN is a computer network that connects a relatively small area (a single building or group of buildings). Most
LANs connect workstations and computers to each other. Each computer (also known as a “node”), has its own processing unit
and executes its own programs; however, it can also access data and devices anywhere on the LAN. This means many users
can access and share the same information and devices. A good example of a LAN device is a network printer. Most
companies cannot afford the budgetary or hardware expense of providing printers for each of its users; therefore, one printer
(or device) is placed on the LAN where every user can access the same printer.
The LAN uses IP Addresses to route data to different destinations on the network. An IP Address is a 32-bit numeric address
consisting of four numbers separated by periods (for example, 1.160.10.240).
NOTE:
For more information on IP Addresses, see you local network administrator.
37
FIGURE 5.
Local Area Network Diagram
WIDE AREA NETWORK
A wide area network (WAN) connects two or more LANs and can span a relatively large geographical area. For example,
Telex Headquarters in Burnsville, MN is connected to several branch offices in Nebraska and Arkansas over a WAN. The
largest WAN in existence is the Internet.
FIGURE 6.
38
Wide Area Network Diagram
ACCESSING THE WIDE AREA NETWORK (WAN)
Figure 3 shows LAN IP Addresses using a common IP Address, 10.2.100.X (192.168.X.X is another common address). Most
devices are shipped with these addresses as its default. It is recommended to use these addresses for LANs.
FIGURE 7.
Network Address Translation
NETWORK ADDRESS TRANSLATION (NAT)
Using the initial IP Address, then converting it to a valid WAN IP Address is how the network address translation works, in
theory. Once the IP address is changed, it is up to the network interface device (such as a router, gateway, switch, etc.) to keep
track of which computers are talking on which ports. For example, if two local devices (PC1 and PC2 in Figure 3) both wanted
to talk via port 1031, then the network interface device would have to change one of the port requests to the next available port,
1032.
PORTS
In general, a network port is an endpoint to a logical connection. The port number identifies what type of port it is. For
example, port 80 is used for HTTP traffic. When you type an address into the address bar of a web browser, your computer
goes to find an IP Address for the url you are requesting (http://www.telex.com). To obtain this address, the computer contacts
a DNS server (Domain Name Server). Once the IP Address is found, it tries to connect to the http port of the network device
(port 80). See Table 1 for a list of the more well-known port numbers.
Each network device can be set-up to respond or not respond to the various ports. The function of responding or “hosting a
service” is called “serving”.
TABLE 4. Packet
Translation
Packet before Translation
Source
Packet after Translation
Destination
Source
Destination
IP Address
Port
Number
IP Address
Port
Number
IP Address
Port
IP Address
Number
Port
Number
To
Internet
10.2.100.2
1031
192.156.136.22
80
99.5.1.30
1031
192.156.136.22
80
From
Internet
192.156.136.22
80
99.5.1.30
1031
192.156.136.22
80
10.2.100.2
1031
If a second workstation on the LAN wants to communicate to the same server, and happens to use the same source port
number, then the LAN Modem will translate the source port number as well as the source IP address. In Table, 2, a second
LAN computer wants to access a web page. The NAT device now uses port 1032 for this connection where it used port 1031 in
Table 1.
39
TABLE 5. Packet
Translation
Packet before Translation
Source
Packet After Translation
Destination
Source
IP Address
Port
Number
IP Address
Port
Number
IP Address
Port
Number
IP Address
Port
Number
To
Internet
10.2.100.1
1031
192.156.136.22
80
99.5.1.30
1032
192.156.136.22
80
From
Internet
192.156.136.22
80
99.5.1.30
1032
192.156.136.22
80
10.2.100.1
1031
Amazingly, all the address translation that occurs takes place
automatically in order to make web browsing and other
functions easier. This is also a way for large web hosting
services to speed up the network by having different devices
perform different functions.
TABLE 6. Well-known
TCP Port Numbers
Port Number
40
Destination
Description
TABLE 6. Well-known
TCP Port Numbers
Port Number
Description
119
Newsgroup (NNTP)
137
NetBIOS Name Service
139
NetBIOS Datagram Service
143
Interim Mail Access Protocol (IMAP)
150
NetBIOS Session Service
156
SQL Server
1
TCP Port Service Multiplexer
(TCPMUX)
5
Remote Job Entry (RJE)
161
SNMP
7
ECHO
179
Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)
18
Message Send Protocol (MSP)
190
20
FTP-Data
Gateway Access Control Protocol
(GACP)
21
FTP- Control
194
Internet Relay Chat (IRC)
23
Telnet
197
Directory Location Services (DLS)
25
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP)
389
Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
(LDAP)
29
MSG ICP
396
Novell Netware over IP
37
Time
443
HTTPS
42
Host Name Server (Nameserv)
43
Whols
444
Simple Network Paging Protocol
(SNPP)
49
Login Host Protocol (Login)
445
Microsoft-DS
53
Domain Name Server (DNS)
458
Apple Quick Time
69
Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)
546
DHCP Client
70
Gopher Service
547
DHCP Server
79
Finger
563
SNEWS
80
HTTP
569
MSN
103
X.400 Standard
1080
Socks
108
SNA Gateway Access Server
109
POP2
110
POP3
115
Simple File Transfer Protocol
118
SQL Services
IP ADDRESSES
If you do not know your IP Address, you can open a DOS screen in a Windows®- based environment and bring up the ipconfig
screen.
To find your IP Address using ipconfig, do the following:
1.
From the Start Menu, open a Command Prompt screen.
2.
At the prompt, type ipconfig, then press Enter.
The IP configurations appear for your machine, such as the DNS suffix, IP Address, Subnet Mask, and Default
Gateway.
3.
At the prompt, type Exit to close the screen.
NOTE:
If you want more detailed parameters for your machine, type ipconfig/All. This screen shows the computers
network configuration settings.
41
Ping a Computer
Pinging a computer on the network makes sure it is able to be “seen” and receive messages on the network.
NOTE:
You can also ping your RVON-8 card to verify that it is responding over the network by putting the cards IP
Address in place of the computer IP Address.
To Ping a computer on the network, do the following:
1.
2.
From the Start menu, select Run....
At the Run command, type CMD to open a Command Prompt screen.
3.
At the prompt, type the IP Address of the computer you wish to ping (for example, 10.2.100.130).
4.
Press Enter.
NOTE:
If the computer you are pinging is not responding to the ping, you will receive a time-out message in the
command prompt screen.
POSSIBLE PITFALL WITH ROUTERS, GATEWAYS, AND SWITCHES
Anytime computers communicate through routers, gateways, and switches, they may be allowed or denied the connection.
Network interface devices can be configured to block specific outgoing requests, as well as incoming requests, based on the IP
Address and/or port. This is one of the security mechanisms of a router. This also happens when broadcast messages are sent
and received.
To view the path an IP Address takes to retrieve information, do the following:
1.
42
From the Start Menu, open a Command Prompt screen.
2.
At the prompt, type tracert and type the url or IP Address you want to trace.
3.
Press Enter.
The details of the tracer route are displayed.
NOTE:
4.
You will the message “request timed out” if the IP Address/ port IN or OUT is denied to the incoming or
outgoing message.
When you are finished, type exit to close the Command Prompt screen.
RVON Configuration
RVON cards use ports for communication of audio and control packets. Because routers can be configured to block certain
incoming and outgoing requests, you will need to open the following ports in your network to allow WAN connections to and
from a Network Interface Device. See Table X for the ports that need to be opened for the RVON cards to operate properly.
TABLE 7. Ports
Port
necessary for RVON card functionality.
Port Description
2076
UDP Call Control Signalling
2077
UDP Audio Packets
2079
UDP Telex Proprietary
Signalling
2080
TCP Telex Keypanel Protocol
2081
UDP Pass Through Serial
2082
TCP Firmware Download
2100
Remote Administration
2102
Authentication Server
43
Below, is an example of a router configuration screen. Not all routers are configured the same way and may not look exactly
like this screen.
NOTE:
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Linksys™ supports up to 253 nodes on a router. This is why it is called a Router/Switch because there are WAN
functions like a router as well as having a 4-port LAN switch. It also does not support simultaneous forward and
DHCP.
Network Terminology
Bridge
A bridge is a device that connects two LANs, or two segments of the same LAN that use the
same protocol. Sometimes called “transparent bridges” they work at the OSI model layer 2.
Simply put, they are not concerned with protocols. Their main job is to pass data to a
destination address that is predetermined in the data packet.
With a bridge, all of your computers are on the same network subnet (see Subnet). This means
your computers can communicate with each other an have their own internet connection. If
you assign your own IP addresses be sure to use the same first three (3) octets of the IP
address (for example, 192.168.0.X).
Domain Name Server
(DNS)
A DNS Server is an internet service that translates domain names (for example, in the URL
http//www.telex.com, the domain name is telex.com) into IP addresses. The internet is based
on IP address which are numeric, and since domain names are alphabetic, they are easier to
remember. Every time a domain name is used it must go through the DNS server to be
translated.
Gateway
A gateway is a node on a network that serves as an entrance to another network. The gateway
routes traffic from a computer to an outside network that is serving the web pages. For
example, the gateway for a home computer is the ISP provider that connects the user to the
Internet.
In a corporate environment, the gateway often acts as a proxy server and a firewall. Gateways
are similar to routers and switches, in that they forward data to the destination and provide the
path for which the data will travel to the destination.
Hub
A hub is a common connection point for devices in a network. A hub has multiple ports.
When a data packet arrives at a hub, it is copied and distributed to all of its ports so that all
nodes on the LAN can see the packets.
There are three types of hubs:
passive hub - this hub serves as a conduit for the data, enabling it to go from one
device to another.
intelligent hub - (also known as manageable hubs) this hub includes additional
features that enable administrators to monitor traffic through the hub.
switching hub - this hub reads the destination address of each packet and then
forwards the data pack to the appropriate port.
IP Address
(Internet Protocol
Address)
An IP Address is an identifier or numerical name for a coputer or device on a network. Data
between computers are routed over the network using these addresses to identify the
computer the message being sent to and the computer the message is being set from.
The format of an IP Address is a 32-bit numeric address wirtten as four numbers separated by
periods. For example, an IP Address looks like 10.100.1.1.
When working within an isolated network (meaning there is no Internet access), IP Addresses
can be assigned at random just as long as they are unique to each computer and device. When
the isolated netwrok is connected to the INternet, registered Internet Addresses must be
obtained. This is to prevent duplication of addresses.
The four numbers in an IP Address are used in different ways to identify a particular network
and host on the network. There are three (3) classes of Internet Addresses:
CLASS A: supports 16 million hosts on each of 127 networks.
CLASS B: supports 65,000 hosts on each of 16,000 networks.
CLASS C: supports 254 hosts on each of 2 million networks.
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LAN
A LAN is a computer network that connects a relatively small area (a single building or group
of buildings). Most LANs connect work stations and computers to each other. Each computer
(also known as a “node”) has its own processing unit and executes its own programs;
however, it can also access data and devices anywhere on the LAN. This means that many
users can access and share the same information and devices. A good example of a LAN
device is a network printer. Most companies cannot afford the budgetary or hardware expense
of providing printers for each of its users; therefore, one printer, (i.e., device) is placed on the
LAN where every user can access the same printer.
The LAN uses IP addresses to route data to different destinations on the network. An IP
address is a 32-bit numeric address written as four numbers separated by periods (for
example, 1.160.10.240).
Port
A port, when referring to TCP and UDP networs, is an endpoint in a logical connection. The
port number identifies the type of port it is. For example, port 80 is used for HTTP traffic.
Routers
A router is a device that forwards data packets over networks. Most commonly, a router is
connected to at least two (2) networks (normally LANs or WANs). Routers are located at
gateways, the place where two networks are connected. Routers do little data filtering, they
mainly deliver the data.
Subnet
A subnet is a portion of a network that shares a common address component. On a TCP/IP
network, a subnet is described as all computers or devices whose IP Address have the same
prefix.
Subnetting a network is useful because it provides security for the network, as well as,
increases performance of the network. IP networksare divided using subnet masks.
Switches
A switch is a device that filters and forwards data packets between networks. Switches
operate at the data layer, and sometimes at the network layer.
WAN
A wide area network connects two or more LANs and can span a relatively large geographical
area. For example, Telex Headquarters in Burnsville, MN is connected to several branch
offices in Nebraska and Arkansas over the wide are anetwork. The largest WAN is the
Internet.
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APPENDIX A
RVON Trunking Connections
In this chapter you will find the following drawings:
•
•
•
•
•
AZedit Via RVON-8 RS-232 Mode
CS9500 Trunking Via RVON-I/O To RVON-8
ADAM Trunking Via RVON-8
Zeus II Trunking Via RVON-I/O To RVON-C
Cronus Trunking Via RVON-I/O To RVON-8
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50
Figure 8: AZedit Via RVON-8 RS-232 Mode
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Figure 9: CS9500 Trunking Via RVON-I/O To RVON-8
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Figure 10: ADAM Trunking Via RVON-8
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Figure 11: Zeus II Trunking Via RVON-I/O to RVON-C
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Figure 12: Cronus Trunking Via RVON-I/O To RVON-8
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Figure 13: RVON-16 Trunking
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Notes
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