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XT55
Siemens Cellular Engine
Version:
DocID:
00.02
XT55_hd_v00.02
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Document Name:
XT55 Hardware Interface Description
Version:
00.02
Date:
March 17, 2004
DocId:
XT55_hd_v00.02
Status:
Confidential / Preliminary
General note
Product is deemed accepted by Recipient and is provided without interface to Recipient´s products.
The Product constitutes pre-release version and code and may be changed substantially before
commercial release. The Product is provided on an “as is” basis only and may contain deficiencies or
inadequacies. The Product is provided without warranty of any kind, express or implied. To the
maximum extent permitted by applicable law, Siemens further disclaims all warranties, including
without limitation any implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and
noninfringement of third-party rights. The entire risk arising out of the use or performance of the
Product and documentation remains with Recipient. This Product is not intended for use in life support
appliances, devices or systems where a malfunction of the product can reasonably be expected to
result in personal injury. Applications incorporating the described product must be designed to be in
accordance with the technical specifications provided in these guidelines. Failure to comply with any of
the required procedures can result in malfunctions or serious discrepancies in results. Furthermore, all
safety instructions regarding the use of mobile technical systems, including GSM products, which also
apply to cellular phones must be followed. Siemens AG customers using or selling this product for use
in any applications do so at their own risk and agree to fully indemnify Siemens for any damages
resulting from illegal use or resale. To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, in no event
shall Siemens or its suppliers be liable for any consequential, incidental, direct, indirect, punitive or
other damages whatsoever (including, without limitation, damages for loss of business profits,
business interruption, loss of business information or data, or other pecuniary loss) arising out the use
of or inability to use the Product, even if Siemens has been advised of the possibility of such damages.
Subject to change without notice at any time.
Copyright
Transmittal, reproduction, dissemination and/or editing of this document as well as utilization of its
contents and communication thereof to others without express authorization are prohibited. Offenders
will be held liable for payment of damages. All rights created by patent grant or registration of a utility
model or design patent are reserved.
Copyright © Siemens AG 2004
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Contents
0
Document history....................................................................................................... 8
1
Introduction ................................................................................................................ 9
1.1 Related documents ............................................................................................. 9
1.2 Terms and abbreviations....................................................................................10
1.3 Type approval ....................................................................................................14
1.4 Safety precautions .............................................................................................16
2
Product concept........................................................................................................18
2.1 XT55 key features at a glance ...........................................................................19
2.2 Circuit concept ...................................................................................................22
3
GSM/GPRS application interface .............................................................................25
3.1 GSM/GPRS operating modes ............................................................................25
3.2 Power supply .....................................................................................................27
3.2.1
Power supply pins on the board-to-board connector.............................27
3.2.2
Minimizing power losses.......................................................................28
3.2.3
Monitoring power supply.......................................................................28
3.3 Power up / down scenarios ................................................................................29
3.3.1
Turn on the GSM/GPRS part of XT55 ..................................................29
3.3.1.1 Turn on the GSM/GPRS part of XT55 using the ignition line
GSM_IGT (Power on) ...........................................................30
3.3.1.2 Timing of the ignition process ...............................................31
3.3.1.3 Turn on the GSM/GPRS part of XT55 using the
GSM_POWER signal ...........................................................32
3.3.1.4 Turn on the GSM/GPRS part of XT55 using the RTC (Alarm
mode) ...................................................................................32
3.3.2
Turn off the GSM/GPRS part of XT55 ..................................................34
3.3.2.1 Turn off GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 module using AT
command..............................................................................34
3.3.2.2 Maximum number of turn-on / turn-off cycles........................35
3.3.2.3 Emergency shutdown using GSM_EMERGOFF pin .............35
3.3.3
Automatic shutdown .............................................................................36
3.3.3.1 Temperature dependent shutdown .......................................36
3.3.3.2 Temperature control during emergency call..........................37
3.3.3.3 Undervoltage shutdown if battery NTC is present.................37
3.3.3.4 Undervoltage shutdown if no battery NTC is present ............38
3.3.3.5 Overvoltage shutdown ..........................................................38
3.4 Automatic GPRS Multislot Class change............................................................39
3.5 GSM charging control ........................................................................................40
3.5.1
Battery pack characteristics..................................................................42
3.5.2
Recommended battery pack specification ............................................43
3.5.3
Implemented charging technique..........................................................44
3.5.4
Operating modes during charging ........................................................45
3.5.5
Charger requirements ..........................................................................46
3.6 Power saving .....................................................................................................47
3.6.1
No power saving (AT+CFUN=1) ...........................................................47
3.6.2
NON-CYCLIC SLEEP mode (AT+CFUN=0) .........................................47
3.6.3
CYCLIC SLEEP mode (AT+CFUN=5, 6, 7, 8) ......................................47
3.6.4
CYCLIC SLEEP mode AT+CFUN=9 ....................................................48
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3.6.5
Timing of the GSM_CTS signal in CYCLIC SLEEP modes...................48
3.6.6
Wake up XT55 from SLEEP mode .......................................................50
3.7 Summary of state transitions (except SLEEP mode)..........................................52
3.8 RTC backup for GSM/GPRS part of XT55 .........................................................53
3.9 Serial interfaces of the XT55 GSM/GPRS part...................................................54
3.9.1
Features supported on the first serial interface of GSM/GPRS part
(ASC0) .................................................................................................54
3.9.2
Features supported on the second serial interface of GSM/GPRS part
(ASC1) .................................................................................................55
3.9.3
ASC0 and ASC1 configuration .............................................................55
3.10 Audio interfaces .................................................................................................56
3.10.1 Microphone circuit ................................................................................57
3.10.2 Speech processing ...............................................................................58
3.10.3 DAI timing.............................................................................................58
3.11 SIM interface......................................................................................................60
3.11.1 Requirements for using the GSM_CCIN pin .........................................61
3.11.2 Design considerations for SIM card holder ...........................................62
3.12 Control signals ...................................................................................................63
3.12.1 Inputs
63
3.12.2 Outputs 64
3.12.2.1 Synchronization signal..........................................................64
3.12.2.2 Using the GSM_SYNC pin to control a status LED...............65
3.12.2.3 Behavior of the GSM_RING0 line (ASC0 interface only) ......66
4
GPS application interface.........................................................................................68
4.1 Theory of operation............................................................................................68
4.2 Technical data....................................................................................................69
4.3 GPS operating modes........................................................................................70
4.3.1
Trickle Power mode..............................................................................71
4.3.2
Comparision of Trickle Power and Push-to Fix mode ...........................72
4.4 Power supply of the XT55 GPS part ..................................................................73
4.5 General purpose input/output.............................................................................73
4.6 Serial interfaces of the XT55 GPS part ..............................................................74
4.7 GPS control signals............................................................................................74
4.8 Receiver architecture .........................................................................................75
4.9 Operation procedure ..........................................................................................76
4.10 Start-up procedures ...........................................................................................77
4.10.1 Coldstart 77
4.10.2 Warmstart ............................................................................................77
4.10.3 Hotstart 77
5
GSM and GPS antenna interfaces............................................................................78
5.1 GSM antenna installation ...................................................................................78
5.1.1
GSM antenna connector.......................................................................78
5.1.2
GSM antenna pad ................................................................................80
5.2 Installing the GPS antenna ................................................................................80
5.3 Hirose antenna connector ..................................................................................81
6
Electrical, reliability and radio characteristics .......................................................85
6.1 Absolute maximum ratings .................................................................................85
6.2 Operating temperatures .....................................................................................85
6.3 Pin description ...................................................................................................86
6.4 Power supply ratings..........................................................................................92
6.5 Current consumption during GSM/GPRS transmit burst ....................................94
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6.7
6.8
6.9
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Electrical characteristics of the voiceband part...................................................99
6.6.1
Setting audio parameters by AT commands .........................................99
6.6.2
Audio programming model .................................................................100
6.6.3
Characteristics of audio modes ..........................................................101
6.6.4
Voiceband receive path ......................................................................102
6.6.5
Voiceband transmit path.....................................................................103
Air interface of the XT55 GSM/GPRS part .......................................................104
Electrostatic discharge .....................................................................................105
Reliability characteristics ..................................................................................106
7
Mechanics................................................................................................................107
7.1 Mechanical dimensions of XT55 ......................................................................107
7.2 Mounting XT55 onto the application platform ...................................................109
7.3 Board-to-board connector ................................................................................111
8
Reference approval .................................................................................................113
8.1 Reference equipment for type approval ...........................................................113
8.2 Compliance with FCC Rules and Regulations ..................................................114
9
List of parts and accessories .................................................................................115
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Figures
Figure 1: Block diagram of serial interface concept ..............................................................23
Figure 2: Block diagram of XT55 for SiRF Demo application................................................24
Figure 3: Block diagram of XT55 with AVL or TCP/IP application (optional).........................24
Figure 4: Power supply limits during transmit burst ..............................................................28
Figure 5: Power-on by ignition signal....................................................................................30
Figure 6: Timing of power-on process if GSM_VDDLP is not used ......................................31
Figure 7: Timing of power-on process if GSM_VDDLP is fed from external source..............31
Figure 8: Deactivating GSM engine by GSM_EMERGOFF signal ........................................35
Figure 9: Schematic of approved charging transistor, trickle charging and ESD protection..40
Figure 10: Battery pack circuit diagram ................................................................................42
Figure 11: Charging process ................................................................................................44
Figure 12: Timing of CTS signal (example for a 2.12 s paging cycle)...................................49
Figure 13: Beginning of power saving if CFUN=5 or 7..........................................................49
Figure 14: RTC supply from capacitor ..................................................................................53
Figure 15: RTC supply from rechargeable battery................................................................53
Figure 16: RTC supply from non-chargeable battery............................................................53
Figure 17: Audio block diagram............................................................................................56
Figure 18: Schematic of microphone inputs .........................................................................57
Figure 19: DAI timing on transmit path .................................................................................59
Figure 20: DAI timing on receive path ..................................................................................59
Figure 21: SIM card holder of DSB45 Support Box ..............................................................62
Figure 22: Pin numbers of Molex SIM card holder on DSB45 Support Box ..........................62
Figure 23: GSM_SYNC signal during transmit burst.............................................................64
Figure 24: LED Circuit (Example) .........................................................................................65
Figure 25: Incoming voice call ..............................................................................................66
Figure 26: Incoming data call ...............................................................................................66
Figure 27: URC transmission ...............................................................................................66
Figure 28: Theory of operation .............................................................................................68
Figure 29: Example for current in Trickle Power mode .........................................................71
Figure 30: Current comparison between Trickle Power and Push-to Fix mode ....................72
Figure 31: Example of LED circuit ........................................................................................75
Figure 32: Receiver architecture of the GPS receiver...........................................................75
Figure 33: U.FL-R-SMT connector .......................................................................................78
Figure 34: Antenna pad and GND plane ..............................................................................78
Figure 35: Never use antenna connector and antenna pad at the same time.......................79
Figure 36: Restricted area around antenna pad ...................................................................79
Figure 37: GPS antenna connector (U.FL-R-SMT connector) ..............................................80
Figure 38: Mechanical dimensions of U.FL-R-SMT connector..............................................81
Figure 39: U.FL-R-SMT connector with U.FL-LP-040 plug ...................................................82
Figure 40: U.FL-R-SMT connector with U.FL-LP-066 plug ...................................................82
Figure 41: Specifications of U.FL-LP-(V)-040(01) plug .........................................................83
Figure 42: Pin assignment (top view on XT55) .....................................................................86
Figure 43: Typical current consumption vs. return loss in EGSM 900 network .....................94
Figure 44: Typical current consumption vs. return loss in GSM 1800 network......................95
Figure 45: Typical current consumption vs. return loss in GSM 1900 network......................95
Figure 46: Peak current consumption during transmit burst in EGSM 900 network ..............96
Figure 47: Peak current consumption during transmit burst in GSM 1800 network ..............96
Figure 48: Peak current consumption during transmit burst in GSM 1900 network ..............97
Figure 49: Typical current consumption vs. return loss.........................................................98
Figure 50: AT audio programming model ...........................................................................100
Figure 51: XT55 – top view ................................................................................................107
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Figure 52: XT55 bottom view..............................................................................................107
Figure 53: Mechanical dimensions of XT55........................................................................108
Figure 54: Mounting holes on XT55 ...................................................................................109
Figure 55: Recommended dowel........................................................................................110
Figure 56: Mechanical dimensions of Hirose DF12 connector ............................................112
Figure 57: Reference equipment for approval ....................................................................113
Tables
Table 1: XT55 key features ..................................................................................................19
Table 2: GSM/GPRS coding schemes and maximum net data rates over air interface ........21
Table 3: Overview of GSM/GPRS operating modes .............................................................25
Table 4: Power supply pins of board-to-board connector .....................................................27
Table 5: AT commands available in Alarm mode .................................................................32
Table 6: Temperature dependent behavior ..........................................................................37
Table 7: Bill of material for external charging circuit .............................................................41
Table 8: Specifications of recommended battery pack .........................................................43
Table 9: Comparison Charge-only and Charge mode ..........................................................45
Table 10: AT commands available in Charge-only mode......................................................46
Table 11: Wake-up events in NON-CYCLIC and CYCLIC SLEEP modes............................50
Table 12: State transitions of XT55 (except SLEEP mode) ..................................................52
Table 13: DCE-DTE wiring of 1st serial interface (GSM/GPRS part) ....................................55
Table 14: DCE-DTE wiring of 2nd serial interface (GSM/GPRS part)...................................55
Table 15: Signals of the SIM interface (board-to-board connector) ......................................60
Table 16: Pin assignment of Molex SIM card holder on DSB45 Support Box .......................62
Table 17: Input control signals of the GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 module ........................63
Table 18: Coding of the status LED......................................................................................65
Table 19: ASC0 ring signal...................................................................................................67
Table 20: Return loss ...........................................................................................................78
Table 21: Product specifications of U.FL-R-SMT connector .................................................81
Table 22: Material and finish of U.FL-R-SMT connector and recommended plugs...............82
Table 23: Ordering information for Hirose U.FL Series.........................................................84
Table 24: Absolute maximum ratings (GSM/GPRS part)......................................................85
Table 25: Absolute maximum rating (GPS part) ...................................................................85
Table 26: Operating temperatures........................................................................................85
Table 27: Electrical description of application interface ........................................................87
Table 28: Power supply ratings (GSM/GPRS part)...............................................................92
Table 29: Power supply ratings (GPS part) ..........................................................................93
Table 30: Audio parameters adjustable by AT command .....................................................99
Table 31: Voiceband characteristics (typical) .....................................................................101
Table 32: Voiceband receive path ......................................................................................102
Table 33: Voiceband transmit path.....................................................................................103
Table 34: Air Interface........................................................................................................104
Table 35: Measured electrostatic values ............................................................................105
Table 36: Summary of reliability test conditions..................................................................106
Table 37: Ordering information DF12 series.......................................................................111
Table 38: Electrical and mechanical characteristics of the Hirose DF12C connector..........111
Table 39: List of parts and accessories ..............................................................................115
Table 40: Molex sales contacts (subject to change) ...........................................................116
Table 41: Hirose sales contacts (subject to change) ..........................................................116
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Document history
Preceding document: "XT55 Hardware Interface Description" Version 00.01
New document: "XT55 Hardware Interface Description" Version 00.02
Chapter
Page
What is new
Throughout this
document
· Maximum temperature has been changed from +65°C to +70°C.
1.1
9
Updated list of related documents
1.2
10
Added GPS terms abbreviations
2.1
19
Added new key features regarding GPS
2.2
22f
Improved Figure 1, added Figure 2 and Figure 3
3.5.2
43
Deleted vendor XWODA, battery pack can be obtained from various dealers
4.1
68
New chapter: Theory of operation
4.3f
70
Detailed description of GPS operating modes
4.4
73
Added information regarding the power supply pins of the GPS part
4.5
73
New chapter: General purpose input/output
4.6
74
More information regarding the two serial interfaces of the GPS part
4.7
74
Added a complete list of GPS control signals
4.8
75
New chapter describing the functionality of the integrated GPS receiver
4.9
76
New chapter: Operation procedure
4.10
77ff
Detailed description of the GPS start-up procedure, coldstart, warmstart and
hotstart
6.3
86
Renamed chapter and corrected pin assignment of B2B connector
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· Pins have been clearly divided into GPS and GSM pins.
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Introduction
This document describes the hardware interface of the Siemens XT55 module that connects
to the cellular device application and the air interface. As XT55 is intended to integrate with a
wide range of application platforms, all functional components are described in great detail.
This guide therefore covers all information needed to design and set up cellular applications
incorporating the XT55 module. It aids rapid retrieval of interface specifications, electrical
and mechanical details and information on the requirements to be considered for integration
of further components.
Please note that this document refers to the GPS software version 2.2.0 and XT55 module
software version 00.02.
1.1
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]
[8]
[9]
[10]
[11]
[12]
[13]
[14]
[15]
Related documents
XT55 AT Command Set, Version 00.02
XT55 GPS Command Specification, Version 02
XT55 AVL Software Instructions User’s Guide
XT55 GPS Startup User's Guide
GPRS Startup User's Guide
Remote-SAT User's Guide
DSB45 Support Box - Evaluation Kit for Siemens Cellular Engines
Application Note 07: Li-Ion Batteries in GSM Applications (in preparation)
Application Note 16: Upgrading XT55 Firmware (in preparation)
Application Note 14: Audio and Battery Parameter Download (in preparation)
Application Note 02: Audio Interface Design (in preparation)
Multiplexer User's Guide
Multiplex Driver Developer’s Guide for Windows 2000 and Windows XP
Multiplex Driver Installation Guide for Windows 2000 and Windows XP
Application Note 24: Application Developer’s Guide
Prior to using the XT55 engines or upgrading to a new firmware release, be sure to carefully
read the latest product information.
To visit the Siemens Website you can use the following link:
http://www.siemens.com/wm
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Terms and abbreviations
Abbreviation
Description
AD
Analog / Digital
ADC
Analog-to-Digital Converter
AFC
Automatic Frequency Control
AGC
Automatic Gain Control
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
ARFCN
Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number
ARP
Antenna Reference Point
ASC0 / ASC1
Asynchronous Controller. Abbreviations used for first and second serial interface of
XT55
ASIC
Application Specific Integrated Circuit
B
Thermistor Constant
B2B
Board-to-board connector
BER
Bit Error Rate
BTS
Base Transceiver Station
CB or CBM
Cell Broadcast Message
CE
Conformité Européene (European Conformity)
CHAP
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol
CPU
Central Processing Unit
CS
Coding Scheme
CSD
Circuit Switched Data
CTS
Clear to Send
DAC
Digital-to-Analog Converter
DAI
Digital Audio Interface
dBW
Decibel per Watt
dBm0
Digital level, 3.14dBm0 corresponds to full scale, see ITU G.711, A-law
DCE
Data Communication Equipment (typically modems, e.g. Siemens GSM engine)
DCS 1800
Digital Cellular System, also referred to as PCN
DGPS
Differential GPS
DOP
Dilution of Precision
DRX
Discontinuous Reception
DSB
Development Support Box
DSP
Digital Signal Processor
DSR
Data Set Ready
DTE
Data Terminal Equipment (typically computer, terminal, printer or, for example, GSM
application)
DTR
Data Terminal Ready
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Abbreviation
Description
DTX
Discontinuous Transmission
EFR
Enhanced Full Rate
EGSM
Enhanced GSM
EMC
Electromagnetic Compatibility
ESD
Electrostatic Discharge
ETS
European Telecommunication Standard
FCC
Federal Communications Commission (U.S.)
FDMA
Frequency Division Multiple Access
FR
Full Rate
GGA
GPS Fixed Data
GMSK
Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying
GPRS
General Packet Radio Service
GPS
Global Positioning System
GSM
Global Standard for Mobile Communications
HiZ
High Impedance
HR
Half Rate
I/O
Input/Output
IC
Integrated Circuit
IF
Intermediate Frequency
IMEI
International Mobile Equipment Identity
ISO
International Standards Organization
ITU
International Telecommunications Union
kbps
kbits per second
LED
Light Emitting Diode
Li-Ion
Lithium-Ion
LNA
Low Noise Amplifier
Mbps
Mbits per second
MMI
Man Machine Interface
MO
Mobile Originated
MS
Mobile Station (GSM engine), also referred to as TE
MSISDN
Mobile Station International ISDN number
MSK
Minimum Shift Key
MT
Mobile Terminated
NTC
Negative Temperature Coefficient
NMEA
National Maritime Electronics Association
OEM
Original Equipment Manufacturer
PA
Power Amplifier
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Abbreviation
Description
PAP
Password Authentication Protocol
PBCCH
Packet Switched Broadcast Control Channel
PCB
Printed Circuit Board
PCL
Power Control Level
PCM
Pulse Code Modulation
PCN
Personal Communications Network, also referred to as DCS 1800
PCS
Personal Communication System, also referred to as GSM 1900
PDU
Protocol Data Unit
PLL
Phase Locked Loop
PPP
Point-to-point protocol
PRN
Pseudo-Random Noise Number – The identity of GPS satellites
PSU
Power Supply Unit
R&TTE
Radio and Telecommunication Terminal Equipment
RAM
Random Access Memory
RF
Radio Frequency
RMS
Root Mean Square (value)
ROM
Read-only Memory
RP
Receive Protocol
RTC
Real Time Clock
RTCM
Radio Technical Commission for Maritime Services
Rx
Receive Direction
SA
Selective Availability
SAR
Specific Absorption Rate
SELV
Safety Extra Low Voltage
SIM
Subscriber Identification Module
SMS
Short Message Service
SRAM
Static Random Access Memory
TA
Terminal adapter (e.g. GSM engine)
TDMA
Time Division Multiple Access
TE
Terminal Equipment, also referred to as DTE
Tx
Transmit Direction
UART
Universal asynchronous receiver-transmitter
URC
Unsolicited Result Code
USSD
Unstructured Supplementary Service Data
VSWR
Voltage Standing Wave Ratio
WAAS
Wide Area Augmentation System
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Description
Phonebook abbreviations
FD
SIM fixdialing phonebook
LD
SIM last dialing phonebook (list of numbers most recently dialed)
MC
Mobile Equipment list of unanswered MT calls (missed calls)
ME
Mobile Equipment phonebook
ON
Own numbers (MSISDNs) stored on SIM or ME
RC
Mobile Equipment list of received calls
SM
SIM phonebook
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Type approval
XT55 is designed to comply with the directives and standards listed below. Please
note that the product is still in a pre-release state and, therefore, type approval and
testing procedures have not yet been completed.
European directives
99/05/EC
“Directive of the European Parliament and of the council of 9 March
1999 on radio equipment and telecommunications terminal
equipment and the mutual recognition of their conformity”, in short
referred to as R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC
89/336/EC
Directive on electromagnetic compatibility
73/23/EC
Directive on electrical equipment designed for use within certain
voltage limits (Low Voltage Directive)
Standards of North American Type Approval
CFR Title 47
“Code of Federal Regulations, Part 15, Part 22 and Part 24
(Telecommunications, PCS)”; US Equipment Authorization FCC
UL 60 950
“Product Safety Certification” (Safety requirements)
NAPRD.03
“Overview of PCS Type certification review board
Mobile Equipment Type Certification and IMEI control”
PCS Type Certification Review board (PTCRB)
Standards of European Type Approval
3GPP TS 51.010-1
“Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2); Mobile Station
(MS) conformance specification”.
ETSI EN 301 511
“V7.0.1 (2000-12) Candidate Harmonized European Standard (Telecommunications series) Global System for Mobile communications
(GSM); Harmonized standard for mobile stations in the GSM 900 and
DCS 1800 bands covering essential requirements under article 3.2 of
the R&TTE directive (1999/5/EC) (GSM 13.11 version 7.0.1 Release
1998)”
GCF-CC
“Global Certification Forum - Certification Criteria” V3.12.0 (Sept 2003)
ETSI EN 301 489-1
“V1.1.1 (2000-09) Candidate Harmonized European Standard (Telecommunications series) Electro Magnetic Compatibility and Radio
spectrum Matters (ERM); Electro Magnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services; Part 1: Common Technical
Requirements”
ETSI EN 301 489-07
“V1.1.1 Electro Magnetic Compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters
(ERM); Electro Magnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio
equipment and services; Part 7: Specific conditions for mobile and
portable radio and ancillary equipment of digital cellular radio telecommunications systems (GSM and DCS)”
EN 60 950
Safety of information technology equipment (2000)
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Requirements of quality
IEC 60068
DIN EN 60529
Environmental testing
IP codes
Compliance with international rules and regulations
Manufacturers of mobile or fixed devices incorporating XT55 modules are advised to have
their completed product tested and approved for compliance with all applicable national and
international regulations. As a tri-band GSM/GPRS engine designed for use on any GSM
network in the world, XT55 is required to pass all approvals relevant to operation on the
European and North American markets. For the North American market this includes the
Rules and Regulations of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and PTCRB, for
the European market the R&TTE Directives and GCF Certification Criteria must be fully
satisfied.
The FCC Equipment Authorization granted to the XT55 Siemens reference application is
valid only for the equipment described in Chapter 8.
SAR requirements specific to handheld mobiles
Mobile phones, PDAs or other handheld transmitters and receivers incorporating a GSM
module must be in accordance with the guidelines for human exposure to radio frequency
energy. This requires the Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) of handheld XT55 based
applications to be evaluated and approved for compliance with national and/or international
regulations.
Since the SAR value varies significantly with the individual product design manufacturers are
advised to submit their product for approval if designed for handheld operation. For
European and US markets the relevant directives are mentioned below. It is the
responsibility of the manufacturer of the final product to verify whether or not further
standards, recommendations or directives are in force outside these areas.
Products intended for sale on US markets
ES 59005/ANSI C95.1 Considerations for evaluation of human exposure to Electromagnetic
Fields (EMFs) from Mobile Telecommunication Equipment (MTE) in
the frequency range 30MHz-6GHz
Products intended for sale on European markets
EN 50360
Product standard to demonstrate the compliance of mobile phones
with the basic restrictions related to human exposure to
electromagnetic fields (300 MHz - 3 GHz)
Note: Usage of XT55 in a handheld or portable application is not allowed without a
new FCC certification.
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Safety precautions
The following safety precautions must be observed during all phases of the operation,
usage, service or repair of any cellular terminal or mobile incorporating XT55. Manufacturers
of the cellular terminal are advised to convey the following safety information to users and
operating personnel and to incorporate these guidelines into all manuals supplied with the
product. Failure to comply with these precautions violates safety standards of design,
manufacture and intended use of the product. Siemens AG assumes no liability for customer
failure to comply with these precautions.
When in a hospital or other health care facility, observe the restrictions on the
use of mobiles. Switch the cellular terminal or mobile off, if instructed to do so
by the guidelines posted in sensitive areas. Medical equipment may be
sensitive to RF energy.
The operation of cardiac pacemakers, other implanted medical equipment
and hearing aids can be affected by interference from cellular terminals or
mobiles placed close to the device. If in doubt about potential danger, contact
the physician or the manufacturer of the device to verify that the equipment is
properly shielded. Pacemaker patients are advised to keep their hand-held
mobile away from the pacemaker, while it is on.
Switch off the cellular terminal or mobile before boarding an aircraft. Make
sure it cannot be switched on inadvertently. The operation of wireless
appliances in an aircraft is forbidden to prevent interference with
communications systems. Failure to observe these instructions may lead to
the suspension or denial of cellular services to the offender, legal action, or
both.
Do not operate the cellular terminal or mobile in the presence of flammable
gases or fumes. Switch off the cellular terminal when you are near petrol
stations, fuel depots, chemical plants or where blasting operations are in
progress. Operation of any electrical equipment in potentially explosive
atmospheres can constitute a safety hazard.
Your cellular terminal or mobile receives and transmits radio frequency
energy while switched on. Remember that interference can occur if it is used
close to TV sets, radios, computers or inadequately shielded equipment.
Follow any special regulations and always switch off the cellular terminal or
mobile wherever forbidden, or when you suspect that it may cause
interference or danger.
Road safety comes first! Do not use a hand-held cellular terminal or mobile
when driving a vehicle, unless it is securely mounted in a holder for handsfree
operation. Before making a call with a hand-held terminal or mobile, park the
vehicle.
Handsfree devices must be installed by qualified personnel. Faulty installation
or operation can constitute a safety hazard.
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IMPORTANT!
Cellular terminals or mobiles operate using radio signals and cellular
networks. Because of this connection cannot be guaranteed at all times
under all conditions. Therefore, you should never rely solely upon any
wireless device for essential communications, for example emergency calls.
Remember, in order to make or receive calls, the cellular terminal or mobile
must be switched on and in a service area with adequate cellular signal
strength.
Some networks do not allow for emergency calls if certain network services
or phone features are in use (e.g. lock functions, fixed dialing etc.). You may
need to deactivate those features before you can make an emergency call.
Some networks require that a valid SIM card be properly inserted in the
cellular terminal or mobile.
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Product concept
Designed for use on any GSM network in the world, Siemens XT55 is a tri-band GSM/GPRS
engine that works on the three frequencies GSM 900 MHz, GSM 1800 MHz and GSM
1900 MHz and supports also GPS technology for satellite navigation. XT55 features GPRS
multislot class 10 and supports the GPRS coding schemes CS-1, CS-2, CS-3 and CS-4.
The compact design of the XT55 module makes it easy to integrate GSM / GPRS and GPS
as an all-in-one solution. It saves significantly both time and cost for integration of additional
hardware components.
The integrated GPS module provides instant location information using satellite signals to
enable users to ascertain where they are anywhere in the world. It consists of a fully
integrated RF receiver and a 12 channel baseband.
The tiny XT55 module incorporates all you need to create high-performance GSM/GPRS
solutions: baseband processor, power supply ASIC, complete radio frequency circuit
including a power amplifier and antenna interface. The power amplifier is directly fed from
the supply voltage GSM_BATT+. A compact “stacked FLASH / SRAM” device stores the
XT55 software in the flash memory section, and static RAM section provides the additional
storage capacity required by GPRS connectivity.
The physical interface to the cellular application is made through a board-to-board
connector. It consists of 80 pins, required for controlling the unit, receiving GPS location
data, transferring data and audio signals and providing power supply lines.
XT55 comprises two serial GSM interfaces (ASC0 and ASC1) and two serial GPS interfaces
(Serial data 1 and Serial data 2) giving you maximum flexibility for easy integration with the
Man-Machine Interface (MMI).
An extremely versatile audio concept offers various audio interfaces, each available on the
board-to-board connector: a digital audio interface (DAI) and two analog audio interfaces.
Using AT commands you can easily switch back and forth and select different audio modes.
The external dual-band or triple-band GSM/GPRS antenna can be connected optionally to a
connector on the top side or to a pad on the bottom side. A separate GPS antenna must be
connected to the GPS part of the module in order to properly receive satellite data.
For battery powered applications, XT55 features a charging control which can be used to
charge a Li-Ion battery. The charging circuit must be implemented outside the module on the
application platform.
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XT55 key features at a glance
Table 1: XT55 key features
Feature
Implementation
Power supply
Supply voltage 3.3V – 4.8V for the GSM / GPRS module
Separate power supply source: 3.3V ± 5% for the GPS device
Power saving (GSM)
Minimizes power consumption in SLEEP mode to 3mA
Power saving (GPS)
TricklePower™ mode reduces power to < 60mW
Charging
Supports charging control for Li-Ion battery for the GSM/GPRS part of the
module
Frequency bands
· Tri-band: EGSM 900, GSM 1800, GSM 1900
· Compliant to GSM Phase 2/2+
GSM class
Small MS
Transmit power
· Class 4 (2W) at EGSM900
· Class 1 (1W) at GSM1800 and GSM 1900
GPRS connectivity
· GPRS multi-slot class 10
· GPRS mobile station class B
· GPS receiver with SiRFstar Ile/LP chip set
GPS features
· Processor type ARM7/TDMI
· Sirf GSW2, version 2.2.0
Temperature range
· Normal operation:
· Restricted operation:
Temperature control
and auto switch-off
DATA
-20°C to +55°C
-25°C to -20°C and +55°C to +70°C
· Constant temperature control prevents damage to XT55 when the
specified temperature is exceeded. When an emergency call is in
progress the automatic temperature shutdown functionality is
deactivated.
GPRS: · GPRS data downlink transfer: max. 85.6 kbps (see Table 2)
· GPRS data uplink transfer: max. 42.8 kbps (see Table 2
· Coding scheme: CS-1, CS-2, CS-3 and CS-4
· XT55 supports the two protocols PAP (Password Authentication
Protocol) and CHAP (Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol)
commonly used for PPP connections.
· Support of Packet Switched Broadcast Control Channel (PBCCH) allows
you to benefit from enhanced GPRS performance when offered by the
network operators.
CSD:
· CSD transmission rates: 2.4, 4.8, 9.6, 14.4 kbps, non-transparent, V.110
· Unstructured
WAP:
SMS
Supplementary
Services
Data
(USSD)
support
· WAP compliant
· MT, MO, CB, Text and PDU mode
· SMS storage: SIM card plus 25 SMS locations in the mobile equipment
· Transmission of SMS alternatively over CSD or GPRS. Preferred mode
can be user-defined.
MMS
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Feature
Implementation
FAX
Group 3: Class 1, Class 2
SIM interface
Supported SIM card: 3V
External SIM card reader has to be connected via interface connector (note
that card reader is not part of XT55)
External antenna
GSM / GPRS:
GPS:
Connected via 50 Ohm antenna connector or antenna pad.
Separate GPS antenna connector. See Figure 51 for details.
Audio interfaces
Two analog audio interfaces, one digital audio interface (DAI)
Audio features
Speech codec modes:
· Half Rate (ETS 06.20)
· Full Rate (ETS 06.10)
· Enhanced Full Rate (ETS 06.50 / 06.60 / 06.80)
· Adaptive Multi Rate (AMR)
Handsfree operation
· Echo cancellation
· Noise reduction
Two serial GSM
interfaces:
ASC0, ASC1
· 2.65V level, bi-directional bus for AT commands and data
· ASC0 – full-featured 8-wire serial interface. Supports RTS0/CTS0
hardware handshake and software XON/XOFF flow control. Multiplex
ability according to GSM 07.10 Multiplexer Protocol.
· ASC1 - 4-wire serial interface. Supports RTS1/CTS1 hardware
handshake and software XON/XOFF flow control.
· Baud rate: 300bps ... 230kbps on ASC0 and ASC1
· Autobauding (on ASC0 only) detects 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200,
38400, 57600, 115200, 230400 bps
· Baud rate: 4800 bps on SD1, 9600 bps on SD2
Two serial GPS
interfaces: SDn1, SDn2
Phonebook
management
Supported phonebook types: SM, FD, LD, MC, RC, ON, ME
SIM Application Toolkit
Supports SAT class 3, GSM 11.14 Release 98
Ringing tones
Offers a choice of 7 different ringing tones / melodies, easily selectable with
AT command
Real time clock
Implemented
Timer function
Programmable via AT command
Support of TTY/CTM
To benefit from TTY communication via GSM, CTM equipment can be
connected to one of the three audio interfaces.
Physical characteristics
Size:
35.0 ± 0.15mm x 53.0 ± 0.15mm x 5.1 ± 0.15mm
Weight:
11g
Firmware upgrade
XT55 firmware upgradable over serial interface
Evaluation kit
The DSB45 Support Box is an evaluation kit designed to test and type
approve Siemens cellular engines and provide a sample configuration for
application engineering. See Chapter 9 for ordering information.
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Table 2: GSM/GPRS coding schemes and maximum net data rates over air interface
Coding scheme
1 Timeslot
2 Timeslots
4 Timeslots
CS-1:
9.05 kbps
18.1 kbps
36.2 kbps
CS-2:
13.4 kbps
26.8 kbps
53.6 kbps
CS-3:
15.6 kbps
31.2 kbps
62.4 kbps
CS-4:
21.4 kbps
42.8 kbps
85.6 kbps
Please note that the values stated above are maximum ratings which, in practice, are influenced by a
great variety of factors, primarily, for example, traffic variations and network coverage.
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Circuit concept
The XT55 module comprises the following major functional components:
GSM / GPRS baseband block:
· Baseband controller operating at 26MHz
· Power supply ASIC
· Stacked Flash / SRAM
· Application interface (board-to-board connector)
GSM RF block:
· Skyworks RF transceiver
· Skyworks RF power amplifier / FEM
· RF front end (antenna connector)
GPS block:
· Processor type: ARM7/TDMI
· Processor speed: 25 MHz
GPS RF block:
· GPS receiver with SiRFstar Ile/LP chip set
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Active GPS antenna
GSM antenna
XT 55
GSM
–
GSM
module
GPS –
Modul
GPS module
Modul
GSM_RXD0
ASC0
GSM_TXD0
6 Modem
Status lines
ASC1
Serial data 2 Serial data 1
GSM_RXD1
GSM_TXD1
GSM_RTS1
GSM_CTS1
SDO2
SDI2
SDI1
SDO1
80 pin B2B
80 pin B2B
Customer application
Serial 1
GSM
Serial 0
GSM
Serial 2 Serial 1
GPS
GPS
Figure 1: Block diagram of serial interface concept
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Figure 2: Block diagram of XT55 for SiRF Demo application
Figure 3: Block diagram of XT55 with AVL or TCP/IP application (optional)
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GSM/GPRS application interface
The GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 module incorporates several sub-interfaces described in
the following chapters:
· Power supply and charging control (see Chapters 3.2 and 3.3)
· Dual serial GSM interface (see Chapter 3.9)
· Two analog audio interfaces and a digital audio interface (see Chapter 3.10)
· SIM interface (see Chapter 3.11)
Electrical and mechanical characteristics of the board-to-board connector are specified in
Chapter 7.3. Ordering information for mating connectors and cables are included.
3.1
GSM/GPRS operating modes
The table below briefly summarizes the various operating modes referred to in the following
chapters. All information regarding GPS operating modes are available in Chapter 4.3.
Table 3: Overview of GSM/GPRS operating modes
Mode
Function
Normal operation
GSM / GPRS SLEEP
Various powersave
command.
modes
set
with
AT+CFUN
Software is active to minimum extent. If the module was
registered to the GSM network in IDLE mode, it is
registered and paging with the BTS in SLEEP mode,
too. Power saving can be chosen at different levels: The
NON-CYCLIC SLEEP mode (AT+CFUN=0) disables the
AT interface. The CYCLIC SLEEP modes AT+CFUN=5,
6, 7, 8 and 9 alternatively activate and deactivate the AT
interfaces to allow permanent access to all AT
commands.
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GSM IDLE
Software is active. Once registered to the GSM network,
paging with BTS is carried out. The module is ready to
send and receive.
GSM TALK
Connection between two subscribers is in progress.
Power consumption depends on network coverage
individual settings, such as DTX off/on, FR/EFR/HR,
hopping sequences, antenna.
GPRS IDLE
Module is ready for GPRS data transfer, but no data is
currently sent or received. Power consumption depends
on network settings and GPRS configuration (e.g.
multislot settings).
GPRS DATA
GPRS data transfer in progress. Power consumption
depends on network settings (e.g. power control level),
uplink / downlink data rates and GPRS configuration
(e.g. used multislot settings).
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Mode
Function
POWER DOWN
Normal shutdown after sending the AT^SMSO command.
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The Power Supply ASIC (PSU-ASIC) disconnects the supply voltage from the
baseband part of the circuit. Only a voltage regulator in the PSU-ASIC is active
for powering the RTC. Software is not active. The serial interfaces are not
accessible.
Operating voltage (connected to GSM_BATT+) remains applied.
Alarm mode
Restricted operation launched by RTC alert function while the module is in
POWER DOWN mode. Module will not be registered to GSM network. Limited
number of AT commands is accessible.
Charge-only mode
Limited operation for battery powered applications. Enables charging while
module is detached from GSM network. Limited number of AT commands is
accessible. There are several ways to launch Charge-only mode:
· From POWER DOWN mode: Connect charger to the charger input pin of the
external charging circuit and the module’s GSM_POWER pin when XT55
was powered down by AT^SMSO.
· From Normal mode: Connect charger to the charger input pin of the external
charging circuit and the module’s GSM_POWER pin, then enter AT^SMSO.
Charge mode
during normal
operation
Normal operation (SLEEP, IDLE, TALK, GPRS IDLE, GPRS DATA) and
charging running in parallel. Charge mode changes to Charge-only mode when
the module is powered down before charging has been completed.
See Table 11 and Table 12 for the various options of waking up the GSM/GPRS part of the XT55
module and proceeding from one mode to another.
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Power supply
The power supply for the GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 module has to be a single voltage
source of VGSM_BATT+= 3.3V...4.8V. It must be able to provide sufficient current in a transmit
burst which typically rises to 1.6A.
All the key functions for supplying power to the device are handled by an ASIC power
supply. The ASIC provides the following features:
· Stabilizes the supply voltages for the GSM baseband using low drop linear voltage
regulators.
· Controls the module's power up and power down procedures.
A watchdog logic implemented in the baseband processor periodically sends signals to
the ASIC, allowing it to maintain the supply voltage for all digital XT55 components.
Whenever the watchdog pulses fail to arrive constantly, the module is turned off.
· Delivers, across the GSM_VDD pin, a regulated voltage of 2.9V. The output voltage
GSM_VDD may be used to supply, for example, an external LED or a level shifter.
However, the external circuitry must not cause any spikes or glitches on voltage
GSM_VDD. This voltage is not available in POWER DOWN mode. Therefore, the
GSM_VDD pin can be used to indicate whether or not GSM/GPRS part of the XT55
module is in POWER DOWN mode.
· Provides power to the SIM interface.
The RF power amplifier is driven directly from GSM_BATT+.
3.2.1
Power supply pins on the board-to-board connector
Five GSM_BATT+ pins of the board-to-board connector are dedicated to connect the supply
voltage, five GND pins are recommended for grounding. The values stated below must be
measured directly at the reference points on the XT55 board (TP GSM_BATT+ and TP GND
illustrated in Figure 52).
The GSM_POWER and GSM_CHARGE pins serve as control signals for charging a Li-Ion
battery. GSM_VDDLP can be used to back up the RTC.
Table 4: Power supply pins of board-to-board connector
Signal name
I/O
Description
Parameter
GSM_BATT+
I/O
Positive operating voltage
3.3 V...4.8 V, Ityp £ 1.6 A during transmit burst
Reference points are the
test points
The minimum operating voltage must not fall
below 3.3 V, not even in case of voltage drop.
0V
GND
-
Ground
GSM_POWER
I
This line signals to the
processor that the charger
is connected.
GSM_CHARGE
O
Control signal for external
charging transistor
GSM_VDDLP
I/O
Can be used to back up
the RTC when VGSM_BATT+
is not applied.
See Chapter 3.8
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UOUT,max < VGSM_BATT+
UIN = 2.0 V...5.5 V
Ri = 1kW
Iin,max = 30µA
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Minimizing power losses
When designing the power supply for your application please pay specific attention to power
losses. Ensure that the input voltage VGSM_BATT+ never drops below 3.3V on the GSM/GPRS
part of the XT55 board, not even in a transmit burst where current consumption can rise to
typical peaks of 1.6A. It should be noted that the GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 module
switches off when exceeding these limits. Any voltage drops that may occur in a transmit
burst should not exceed 400mV. For further details see Chapter 6.4.
The best approach to reducing voltage drops is to use a board-to-board connection as
recommended, and a low impedance power source. The resistance of the power supply lines
on the host board and of a battery pack should also be considered.
Note:
If the application design requires an adapter cable between both board-to-board
connectors, use a cable as short as possible in order to minimize power losses.
Example: If the length of the cable reaches the maximum length of 200mm, this connection
may cause, for example, a resistance of 50mΩ in the GSM_BATT+ line and
50mΩ in the GND line. As a result, a 1.6A transmit burst would add up to a total
voltage drop of 160mV. Plus, if a battery pack is involved, further losses may
occur due to the resistance across the battery lines and the internal resistance of
the battery including its protective circuit.
Transmit
burst 1.6A
Transmit
burst 1.6A
GSM_BATT+
Ripple
Drop
min. 3.3V
Figure 4: Power supply limits during transmit burst
The input voltage VGSM_BATT+ must be measured directly at the test points on the XT55 board
(TP GSM_BATT+ and TP GND illustrated in Figure 52).
3.2.3
Monitoring power supply
To help you monitor the supply voltage you can use the AT^SBV command which returns the
voltage measured at TP GSM_BATT+ and GND.
The voltage is continuously measured at intervals depending on the operating mode on the
RF interface. The duration of measuring ranges from 0.5s in TALK/DATA mode up to 50s
when the GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 is in IDLE mode or Limited Service (deregistered).
The displayed voltage (in mV) is averaged over the last measuring period before the
AT^SBV command was executed.
For details please refer to [1].
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Power up / down scenarios
In general, be sure not to turn on GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 module while it is out of the
operating range of voltage and temperature stated in Chapters 6.2 and 6.3. The GSM/GPRS
part of the XT55 would immediately switch off after having started and detected these
inappropriate conditions.
3.3.1
Turn on the GSM/GPRS part of XT55
The GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 can be activated in a variety of ways, which are described
in the following chapters:
· via ignition line GSM_IGT: starts normal operating state (see Chapters 3.3.1.1 and
3.3.1.2)
· via GSM_POWER line: starts charging algorithm (see Chapters 3.5.4 and 3.3.1.3)
· via RTC interrupt: starts Alarm mode (see Chapter 3.3.1.4)
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3.3.1.1
mo b i l e
Turn on the GSM/GPRS part of XT55 using the ignition line GSM_IGT
(Power on)
To switch on the XT55 GSM/GPRS part the GSM_IGT (Ignition) signal needs to be driven to
ground level for at least 100ms and not earlier than 10ms after the last falling edge of
GSM_VDD. This can be accomplished using an open drain/collector driver in order to avoid
current flowing into this pin.
GSM_BATT+
min. 10ms
HiZ
min.
100ms
HiZ
GSM_IGT
ca. 60ms
GSM_VDD
GSM_TXD0
GSM_TXD1
GSM_DSR0
GSM_EMERGOFF
Serial interfaces
ASC0 and ASC1
Software
controlled
Undefined
ca. 300ms
Inactive
Active
ca. 900ms
For details please see Chapter 3.3.1.2
Figure 5: Power-on by ignition signal
If configured to a fix baud rate, the GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 will send the result code
^SYSSTART to indicate that it is ready to operate. This result code does not appear when
autobauding is active. See Chapter AT+IPR in [1].
In a battery operated XT55 application, the duration of the GSM_IGT signal must be 1s
minimum when the charger is connected and you may want to go from Charge only mode to
Normal mode.
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3.3.1.2
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Timing of the ignition process
When designing your application platform take into account that powering up the
GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 module requires the following steps.
· The ignition line cannot be operated until VGSM_BATT+ passes the level of 3.0V.
· The ignition line shall not be operated earlier than 10ms after the last falling edge of
GSM_VDD.
· 10ms after VGSM_BATT+ has reached 3.0V the ignition line can be switched low. The
duration of the falling edge must not exceed 1ms.
· Another 100ms are required to power up the module.
· Ensure that VGSM_BATT+ does not fall below 3.0V while the ignition line is driven. Otherwise
the module cannot be activated.
· If the GSM_VDDLP line is fed from an external power supply as explained in Chapter
3.8, the GSM_IGT line is HiZ before the rising edge of GSM_BATT+.
3.0V
GSM_BATT+
0V
HiZ
HiZ
GSM_IGT
10ms
min. 100ms
max. 1ms
Figure 6: Timing of power-on process if GSM_VDDLP is not used
3.0V
GSM_BATT+
0V
GSM_IGT
HiZ
HiZ
10ms
min. 100ms
max. 1ms
Figure 7: Timing of power-on process if GSM_VDDLP is fed from external source
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Turn on the GSM/GPRS part of XT55 using the GSM_POWER signal
As detailed in Chapter 3.5.4, the charging adapter can be connected regardless of the
module’s operating mode (except for Alarm mode).
If the charger is connected to the charger input of the external charging circuit and the
module’s GSM_POWER pin while XT55 is off, processor controlled fast charging starts (see
Chapter 3.5.3). The GSM/GPRS part of XT55 enters a restricted mode, referred to as
Charge-only mode where only the charging algorithm will be launched.
During the Charge-only mode XT55 is neither logged on to the GSM network nor are the
serial interfaces fully accessible. To switch to normal operation and log on to the GSM
network, the GSM_IGT line needs to be activated.
3.3.1.4
Turn on the GSM/GPRS part of XT55 using the RTC (Alarm mode)
Another power-on approach is to use the RTC, which is constantly supplied with power from
a separate voltage regulator in the power supply ASIC. The RTC provides an alert function,
which allows the GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 to wake up whilst the internal voltage
regulators are off. To prevent the engine from unintentionally logging into the GSM network,
this procedure only enables restricted operation, referred to as Alarm mode. It must not be
confused with a wake-up or alarm call that can be activated by using the same AT
command, but without switching off power.
Use the AT+CALA command to set the alarm time. The RTC retains the alarm time if the
GSM/GPRS part of XT55 was powered down by AT^SMSO. Once the alarm is timed out and
executed, XT55 enters the Alarm mode. This is indicated by an Unsolicited Result Code
(URC) which reads:
^SYSSTART ALARM MODE
Note that this URC is the only indication of the Alarm mode and will not appear when
autobauding was activated (due to the missing synchronization between DTE and DCE upon
start-up). Therefore, it is recommended to select a fixed baudrate before using the Alarm
mode. In Alarm mode only a limited number of AT commands is available. For further
instructions refer to the AT Command Set.
Table 5: AT commands available in Alarm mode
AT command
Function
AT+CALA
Set alarm time
AT+CCLK
Set date and time of RTC
AT^SBC
In Alarm mode, you can only query the present current consumption and check
whether or not a charger is connected. The battery capacity is returned as 0,
regardless of the actual voltage (since the values measured directly on the cell are
not delivered to the module).
AT^SCTM
Query temperature range, enable/disable URCs to report critical temperature ranges
AT^SMSO
Power down GSM engine
For the GSM engine to change from the Alarm mode to full operation (normal operating
mode) it is necessary to drive the ignition line to ground. This must be implemented in your
host application as described in Chapter 3.3.1.1.
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If the charger is connected to the GSM_POWER line when GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 is
in ALARM mode charging will start, while XT55 stays in ALARM mode. See also Chapter 3.7
which summarizes the various options of changing the mode of operation.
If your host application uses the GSM_SYNC pin to control a status LED as described in
Chapter 3.12.2.2, please note that the LED is off while the GSM engine is in Alarm mode.
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Turn off the GSM/GPRS part of XT55
To switch the module off the following procedures may be used:
·
·
·
Normal shutdown procedure: Software controlled by sending the AT^SMSO command
over the serial application interface. See Chapter 3.3.2.1.
Emergency shutdown: Hardware driven by switching the GSM_EMERGOFF line of the
board-to-board-connector to ground = immediate shutdown of supply voltages, only
applicable if the software controlled procedure fails! See Chapter 3.3.2.3.
Automatic shutdown: See Chapter 3.3.3
a) Takes effect if undervoltage is detected.
b) Takes effect if XT55 board temperature exceeds critical limit.
3.3.2.1
Turn off GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 module using AT command
The best and safest approach to powering down the XT55 GSM/GPRS part is to issue the
AT^SMSO command. This procedure lets GSM engine log off from the network and allows
the software to enter into a secure state and safe data before disconnecting the power
supply. The mode is referred to as POWER DOWN mode. In this mode, only the RTC stays
active.
Before switching off the device sends the following response:
^SMSO: MS OFF
OK
^SHUTDOWN
After sending AT^SMSO do not enter any other AT commands. There are two ways to verify
when the module turns off:
· Wait for the URC “^SHUTDOWN”. It indicates that data have been stored non-volatile
and the module turns off in less than 1 second.
· Also, you can monitor the GSM_VDD pin. The low state of GSM_VDD definitely indicates
that the module is switched off.
Be sure not to disconnect the operating voltage VGSM_BATT+ before the URC “^SHUTDOWN”
has been issued and the GSM_VDD signal has gone low. Otherwise you run the risk of
losing data.
While the GSM engine is in POWER DOWN mode the application interface is switched off
and must not be fed from any other source. Therefore, your application must be designed to
avoid any current flow into any digital pins of the application interface.
Note: In POWER DOWN mode, the GSM_EMERGOFF pin, the output pins of the ASC0
interface GSM_RXD0, GSM_CTS0, GSM_DCD0, GSM_DSR0, GSM_RING0 and the
output pins of the ASC1 interface GSM_RXD1 and GSM_CTS1 are switched to high
impedance state.
If this causes the associated input pins of your application to float, you are advised to
integrate an additional resistor (100 kΩ – 1 MΩ) at each line. In the case of the
GSM_EMERGOFF pin use a pull-down resistor tied to GND. In the case of the serial
interface pins you can either connect pull-up resistors to the GSM_VDD line, or pulldown resistors to GND.
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Maximum number of turn-on / turn-off cycles
Each time the module is shut down, data will be written from volatile memory to flash
memory. The guaranteed maximum number of write cycles is limited to 100.000.
3.3.2.3
Caution:
Emergency shutdown using GSM_EMERGOFF pin
Use the GSM_EMERGOFF pin only when, due to serious problems, the
software is not responding for more than 5 seconds. Pulling the
GSM_EMERGOFF pin causes the loss of all information stored in the volatile
memory since power is cut off immediately. Therefore, this procedure is
intended only for use in case of emergency, e.g. if XT55 fails to shut down
properly.
The GSM_EMERGOFF signal is available on the board-to-board connector. To control the
GSM_EMERGOFF line it is recommended to use an open drain / collector driver. To turn the
GSM engine off, the GSM_EMERGOFF line has to be driven to ground for ³ 3.2s.
How does it work:
is
· Voltage
VGSM_BATT+
permanently
applied
to
the
GSM_BATT+
module.
· The module is active while
GSM_IGT
the internal reset signal is
kept at high level.
During operation of XT55
GSM_VDD
the baseband controller
generates watchdog pulses
Internal reset
at regular intervals.
max. 3.2s
Once
the
GSM_EMERGOFF pin is
grounded these watchdog
pulses are cut off from the
GSM_EMERGOFF
power supply ASIC. The
power supply ASIC shuts
down the internal supply
Controlled by
Controlled by external
voltages of XT55 after max.
XT55 software
application
3.2s and the module turns
off.
Consequently,
the
output voltage at GSM_VDD
is switched off.
Figure 8: Deactivating GSM engine by GSM_EMERGOFF signal
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Automatic shutdown
Automatic shutdown takes effect if
· the XT55 board is exceeding the critical limits of overtemperature or undertemperature
· the battery is exceeding the critical limits of overtemperature or undertemperature
· undervoltage is detected
The automatic shutdown procedure is equivalent to the power-down initiated with the
AT^SMSO command, i.e. XT55 logs off from the network and the software enters a secure
state avoiding loss of data. NOTE: This does not apply if overvoltage conditions or
unrecoverable hardware or software errors occur (see below for details).
Alert messages transmitted before the device switches off are implemented as Unsolicited
Result Codes (URCs). The presentation of these URCs can be enabled or disabled with the
two AT commands AT^SBC and AT^SCTM. The URC presentation mode varies with the
condition, please see Chapters 3.3.3.1 to 3.3.3.4 for details. For further instructions on AT
commands refer to [1].
3.3.3.1
Temperature dependent shutdown
The board temperature is constantly monitored by an internal NTC resistor located on the
PCB. The NTC that detects the battery temperature must be part of the battery pack circuit
as described in Chapter 3.5. The values detected by either NTC resistor are measured
directly on the board or the battery and therefore, are not fully identical with the ambient
temperature.
Each time the board or battery temperature goes out of range or back to normal, XT55
instantly displays an alert (if enabled).
· URCs indicating the level "1" or "-1" allow the user to take appropriate precautions, such
as protecting the module from exposure to extreme conditions. The presentation of the
URCs depends on the settings selected with the AT^SCTM write command:
AT^SCTM=1: Presentation of URCs is always enabled.
AT^SCTM=0 (default): Presentation of URCs is enabled for 15 seconds time after
start-up of XT55. After 15 seconds operation, the presentation will be disabled, i.e. no
alert messages can be generated.
· URCs indicating the level "2" or "-2" are instantly followed by an orderly shutdown. The
presentation of these URCs is always enabled, i.e. they will be output even though the
factory setting AT^SCTM=0 was never changed.
The maximum temperature ratings are stated in Table 26. Refer to Table 6 for the
associated URCs. All statements are based on test conditions according to IEC 60068-2-2
(still air).
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Table 6: Temperature dependent behavior
Sending temperature alert (15 s after start-up, otherwise only if URC presentation enabled)
^SCTM_A: 1
Caution: Tamb of battery close to over temperature limit.
^SCTM_B: 1
Caution: Tamb of board close to over temperature limit.
^SCTM_A: -1
Caution: Tamb of battery close to under temperature limit.
^SCTM_B: -1
Caution: Tamb of board close to under temperature limit.
^SCTM_A: 0
Battery back to uncritical temperature range.
^SCTM_B: 0
Board back to uncritical temperature range.
Automatic shutdown (URC appears no matter whether or not presentation was enabled)
^SCTM_A: 2
Alert: Tamb of battery equal or beyond over temperature limit. XT55 switches off.
^SCTM_B: 2
Alert: Tamb of board equal or beyond over temperature limit. XT55 switches off.
^SCTM_A: -2
Alert: Tamb of battery equal or below under temperature limit. XT55 switches off.
^SCTM_B: -2
Alert: Tamb of board equal or below under temperature limit. XT55 switches off.
3.3.3.2
Temperature control during emergency call
If the temperature limit is exceeded while an emergency call is in progress the engine
continues to measure the temperature, but deactivates the shutdown functionality. If the
temperature is still out of range when the call ends, the module switches off immediately
(without another alert message).
3.3.3.3
Undervoltage shutdown if battery NTC is present
In applications where the module’s charging technique is used and an NTC is connected to
the GSM_BATT_TEMP terminal, the software constantly monitors the applied voltage. If the
measured battery voltage is no more sufficient to set up a call the following URC will be
presented:
^SBC: Undervoltage.
The message will be reported, for example, when you attempt to make a call while the
voltage is close to the critical limit and further power loss is caused during the transmit burst.
To remind you that the battery needs to be charged soon, the URC appears several times
before the module switches off.
To enable or disable the URC use the AT^SBC command. The URC will be enabled when
you enter the write command and specify the power consumption of your GSM application.
Step by step instructions are provided in [1].
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Undervoltage shutdown if no battery NTC is present
The undervoltage protection is also effective in applications, where no NTC connects to the
GSM_BATT_TEMP terminal. Thus, you can take advantage of this feature even though the
application handles the charging process or XT55 is fed by a fixed supply voltage. All you
need to do is executing the write command AT^SBC=<current> which automatically enables
the presentation of URCs. You do not need to specify <current>.
Whenever the supply voltage falls below the specified value (see Table 28) the URC
^SBC: Undervoltage
appears several times before the module switches off.
3.3.3.5
Overvoltage shutdown
For overvoltage conditions, no software controlled shutdown is implemented. If the supply
voltage exceeds the maximum value specified in Table 28, loss of data and even
unrecoverable hardware damage can occur.
Keep in mind that several XT55 components are directly linked to GSM_BATT+ and,
therefore, the supply voltage remains applied at major parts of XT55. Especially the power
amplifier is very sensitive to high voltage and might even be destroyed.
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Automatic GPRS Multislot Class change
Temperature control is also effective for operation in GPRS Multislot Class 10. If the board
temperature increases to the limit specified for restricted operation1) while data are
transmitted over GPRS, the module automatically reverts from GPRS Multislot Class 10 (2
Tx) to Class 8 (1Tx). This reduces the power consumption and, consequently, causes the
board’s temperature to decrease. Once the temperature drops to a value of 5 degrees below
the limit of restricted operation, XT55 returns to the higher Multislot Class. If the temperature
stays at the critical level or even continues to rise, XT55 will not switch back to the higher
class.
After a transition from Multislot Class 10 to Multislot 8 a possible switchback to Multislot
Class 10 is blocked for one minute.
Please note that there is not one single cause of switching over to a lower GPRS Multislot
Class. Rather it is the result of an interaction of several factors, such as the board
temperature that depends largely on the ambient temperature, the operating mode and the
transmit power. Furthermore, take into account that there is a delay until the network
proceeds to a lower or, accordingly, higher Multislot Class. The delay time is network
dependent. In extreme cases, if it takes too much time for the network and the temperature
cannot drop due to this delay, the module may even switch off as described in chapter
3.3.3.1.
1)
See Table 26 for temperature limits known as restricted operation.
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GSM charging control
The GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 module integrates a charging management for Li-Ion
batteries. You can skip this chapter if charging is not your concern, or if you are not using
the implemented charging algorithm.
XT55 has no on-board charging circuit. To benefit from the implemented charging
management you are required to install a charging circuit within your application. In this
case, XT55 needs to be powered from a Li-Ion battery pack, e.g. as specified in Table 8.
Note:
The charging control described in this chapter is optimized for the GSM/GPRS part
of XT55 only and does not cover the GPS part. To include the GPS part you need to
change components illustrated in Figure 9, especially those of the trickle charging
path (470R, 4V3, 1SS355).
The module only delivers, via its GSM_POWER line and GSM_CHARGE line, the control
signals needed to start and stop the charging process. The charging circuit should include a
transistor and should be designed as illustrated in Figure 9. A list of parts recommended for
the external circuit is given in Table 7.
to POWER
Input from
charger
1SS355
470R
(5.5V - 8V)
to GSM_BATT+
under load
4V3
Battery
pack
PCB spark
gap
1/ ESDA6V1-5W6
5
CRS04
SI3441DV
NTC
+
100nF
10k
3k3
GSM_BATT_TEMP
1/ ESDA6V1-5W6
5
CHARGE
Figure 9: Schematic of approved charging transistor, trickle charging and ESD protection
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Table 7: Bill of material for external charging circuit
Part
Description
SI3441DV
p-chan 2.5V (G-S) MOSFET
VISHAY: SI3441DV-T1
(TSOP-6)
NEC:
1SS355
100mA Si-diode (UMD2)
ROHM:
Toshiba: 1SS352TPH3
CRS04
1A Schottky diode
Toshiba: CRS04
4V3
250mW; 200mA;
4.3V Z-Diode (SOD323)
Philips:
ESDA6V1-5W6
ESD protection TRANSIL™
STM:
array
470R, 3k3, 10k
Resistor, e.g. 0805 or 0603
-
-
100nF
Ceramic capacitor 50V
-
-
PCB spark gap
0.2mm spark gap on PCB
-
-
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1SS355TE-18
PDZ4.3B
ESDA6V1-5W6
Second supplier
UPA1911TE-T1
ROHM:
UDZS4.3B
UDZ4.3B
-
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Battery pack characteristics
The charging algorithm has been optimized for a Li-Ion battery pack that meets the
characteristics listed below. It is recommended that the battery pack you want to integrate
into your XT55 application is compliant with these specifications. This ensures reliable
operation, proper charging and, particularly, allows you to monitor the battery capacity using
the AT^SBC command (see [1] for details). Failure to comply with these specifications might
cause AT^SBC to deliver incorrect battery capacity values. A battery pack especially
designed to operate with XT55 modules is specified in Chapter 3.5.2.
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
Li-Ion battery pack specified for a maximum charging voltage of 4.2 V and a capacity of
800 mAh. Battery packs with a capacity down to 600 mAh or more than 800 mAh are
allowed, too.
Since charging and discharging largely depend on the battery temperature, the battery
pack should include an NTC resistor. If the NTC is not inside the battery it must be in
thermal contact with the battery. The NTC resistor must be connected between
GSM_BATT_TEMP and GND. Required NTC characteristics are: 10 kΩ +5% @ 25°C,
B25/85 = 3435K +3% (alternatively acceptable: 10 kΩ +2% @ 25°C, B25/50 = 3370K +3%).
Please note that the NTC is indispensable for proper charging, i.e. the charging process
will not start if no NTC is present.
Ensure that the pack incorporates a protection circuit capable of detecting overvoltage
(protection against overcharging), undervoltage (protection against deep discharging)
and overcurrent. The circuit must be insensitive to pulsed current.
On the XT55 module, a built-in measuring circuit constantly monitors the supply voltage.
In the event of undervoltage, it causes XT55 to power down. Undervoltage thresholds
are specific to the battery pack and must be evaluated for the intended model. When you
evaluate undervoltage thresholds, consider both the current consumption of XT55 and of
the application circuit.
The internal resistance of the battery and the protection should be as low as possible. It
is recommended not to exceed 150mΩ, even in extreme conditions at low temperature.
The battery cell must be insensitive to rupture, fire and gassing under extreme conditions
of temperature and charging (voltage, current).
The battery pack must be protected from reverse pole connection. For example, the
casing should be designed to prevent the user from mounting the battery in reverse
orientation.
The battery pack must be approved to satisfy the requirements of CE conformity.
Figure 10 shows the circuit diagram of a to GSM_BATT+ to GSM_BATT_TEMP
typical battery pack design that includes
the protection elements described
J
above.
to GND
NTC
Protection Circuit
+
Figure 10: Battery pack circuit diagram
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Recommended battery pack specification
Table 8: Specifications of recommended battery pack
Nominal voltage
3.6V
Capacity
800mAh
NTC
10kΩ ± 5% @ 25°C, B (25/85)=3435K ± 3%
Overcharge detection voltage
4.325 ± 0.025V
Overcharge release voltage
4.075 ± 0.025V
Overdischarge detection voltage
2.5 ± 0.05V
Overdischarge release voltage
2.9 ± 0.5V
Overcurrent detection
3 ± 0.5A
Nominal working current
<5µA
Current of low voltage detection
0.5µA
Overcurrent detection delay time
8~16ms
Short detection delay time
50µs
Overdischarge detection delay time
31~125ms
Overcharge detection delay time
1s
Internal resistance
<130mΩ
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Implemented charging technique
If the external charging circuit follows the recommendation of Figure 9, the charging process
consists of trickle charging and processor controlled fast charging. For this solution, the fast
charging current provided by the charger or any other external source must be limited to
500mA.
Trickle charging
· Trickle charging starts when the charger is connected to the charger input of the external
charging circuit and the module’s GSM_POWER pin. The charging current depends on
the voltage difference between the charger input of the external charging circuit and
GSM_BATT+ of the module.
· Trickle charging stops when the battery voltage reaches 3.6V.
Fast charging
· After trickle charging has raised the battery voltage to 3.2V within 60 minutes +10% from
connecting the charger, the power ASIC turns on and wakes up the baseband processor.
Now, processor controlled fast charging begins.
If the battery voltage was already above 3.2V, processor controlled fast charging starts
just after the charger was connected to the charger input of the external charging circuit
and the module’s GSM_POWER pin. If the GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 was in POWER
DOWN mode, it turns on and enters the Charge-only mode along with fast charging (see
also Chapter 3.3.1.3).
· Fast charging delivers a constant current until the battery voltage reaches 4.2V and then
proceeds with varying charge pulses. As shown in Figure 5, the pulse duty cycle is
reduced to adjust the charging procedure and prevent the voltage from overshooting
beyond 4.2V. Once the pulse width reaches the minimum of 100ms and the duty cycle
does not change for 2 minutes, fast charging is completed.
· Fast charging can only be accomplished in a temperature range from 0°C to +45°C.
Voltage
4.3
4.2
3.8
3.4
100ms 2 ... 0.1s
100ms 0.1 ... 2s
3.0
Constant current
tOFF = 100 ms
tON = 100 ms
Time
Figure 11: Charging process
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Do not connect the charger to the GSM_BATT+ lines. Only the charger input of the
external charging circuit is intended as input for charging current! The
GSM_POWER pin of XT55 is the input only for indicating a connected charger!
The battery manufacturer must guarantee that the battery complies with the
described charging technique.
What to do if software controlled charging does not start up?
If trickle charging fails to raise the battery voltage to 3.2V within 60 minutes +10%, processor
controlled charging does not begin. To start fast charging you can do one of the following:
· Once the voltage has risen above its minimum of 3V, you can try to start software
controlled charging by pulling the GSM_IGT line to ground.
· If the voltage is still below 3V, driving the GSM_IGT line to ground switches the timer off.
Without the timer running, the GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 module will not proceed to
software controlled charging. To restart the timer you are required to shortly disconnect
and reconnect the charger.
3.5.4
Operating modes during charging
Of course, the battery can be charged regardless of the engine's operating mode. When the
GSM engine is in Normal mode (SLEEP, IDLE, TALK, GPRS IDLE or GPRS DATA mode), it
remains operational while charging is in progress (provided that sufficient voltage is applied).
The charging process during the Normal mode is referred to as Charge mode.
If the charger is connected to the charger input of the external charging circuit and the
module’s GSM_POWER pin while GSM/GPRS part of XT55 is in POWER DOWN mode, the
GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 goes into Charge-only mode.
Table 9: Comparison Charge-only and Charge mode
Charge-only mode
Charge mode
How to activate mode
Features
Connect charger to charger input of · Battery can be charged while GSM engine
external charging circuit and module’s
remains operational and registered to the
GSM_POWER pin while the GSM/GPRS
GSM network.
part of the XT55 is
· In IDLE and TALK mode, the serial interfaces
are accessible. AT command set can be used
· operating, e.g. in IDLE or TALK mode
to full extent.
· in SLEEP mode
· In the NON-CYCLIC SLEEP mode, the serial
interfaces are not accessible at all. During the
CYCLIC SLEEP mode they can be used as
described in Chapter 3.6.3.
Connect charger to charger input of · Battery can be charged while GSM engine is
external charging circuit and module’s
deregistered from GSM network.
GSM_POWER pin while the GSM/GPRS · Charging runs smoothly due to constant
part of the XT55 is
current consumption.
·
The AT interface is accessible and allows to
· in POWER DOWN mode
use
the commands listed below.
· in Normal mode: Connect charger to
the GSM_POWER pin, then enter
AT^SMSO.
IMPORTANT: While trickle charging is in
progress, be sure that the application is
switched off. If the application is fed from
the trickle charge current the module
might be prevented from proceeding to
software controlled charging since the
current would not be sufficient.
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Features of Charge-only mode
Once the GSM engine enters the Charge-only mode, the AT command interface presents an
Unsolicited Result Code (URC) which reads:
^SYSSTART CHARGE-ONLY MODE
Note that this URC will not appear when autobauding was activated (due to the missing
synchronization between DTE and DCE upon start-up). Therefore, it is recommended to
select a fixed baudrate before using the Charge-only mode.
While the Charge-only mode is in progress, you can only use the AT commands listed in
Table 10. For further instructions refer to the AT Command Set supplied with your GSM
engine.
Table 10: AT commands available in Charge-only mode
AT command
Function
AT+CALA
Set alarm time
AT+CCLK
Set date and time of RTC
AT^SBC
Monitor charging process
AT^SCTM
Note: While charging is in progress, no battery capacity value is available. To query
the battery capacity disconnect the charger.
If the charger connects externally to the host device no charging parameters are
transferred to the module. In this case, the command cannot be used.
Query temperature range, enable/disable URCs to report critical temperature ranges
AT^SMSO
Power down GSM engine
To proceed from Charge-only mode to normal operation, it is necessary to drive the ignition
line to ground. This must be implemented in your host application as described in Chapter
3.3.1.1. See also Chapter 3.7 which summarizes the various options of changing the mode
of operation.
If your host application uses the GSM_SYNC pin to control a status LED as described in
Chapter 3.12.2.2, please note that the LED is off while the GSM engine is in Charge-only
mode.
3.5.5
Charger requirements
If you are using the implemented charging technique and the charging circuit recommended
in Figure 9, the charger must be designed to meet the following requirements:
a) Simple transformer power plug
- Output voltage: 5.5V...8V (under load)
- The charge current must be limited to 500mA
- Voltage spikes that may occur while you connect or disconnect the charger must be
limited.
- There must not be any capacitor on the secondary side of the power plug (avoidance of
current spikes at the beginning of charging)
b) Supplementary requirements for a) to ensure a regulated power supply
- When current is switched off a voltage peak of 10V is allowed for a maximum 1ms
- When current is switched on a spike of 1.6A for 1ms is allowed
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3.6
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Power saving
SLEEP mode reduces the functionality of the GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 module to a
minimum and, thus, minimizes the current consumption to the lowest level. Settings can be
made using the AT+CFUN command. For details see below and [1]. SLEEP mode falls into
two categories:
· NON-CYCLIC SLEEP mode AT+CFUN=0
· CYCLIC SLEEP modes, selectable with AT+CFUN=5, 6, 7, 8 or 9.
IMPORTANT: Please keep in mind that power saving works properly only when PIN
authentication has been done. If you attempt to activate power saving while the SIM card is
not inserted or the PIN not correctly entered, the selected <fun> level will be set, though
power saving does not take effect. For the same reason, power saving cannot be used if the
GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 operates in Alarm mode.
To check whether power saving is on, you can query the status of AT+CFUN if you have
chosen CYCLIC SLEEP mode. If available, you can take advantage of the status LED
controlled by the GSM_SYNC pin (see Chapter 3.12.2.2). The LED stops flashing once the
module starts power saving.
The wake-up procedures are quite different depending on the selected SLEEP mode. Table
11 compares the wake-up events that can occur in NON-CYCLIC and CYCLIC SLEEP
modes.
3.6.1
No power saving (AT+CFUN=1)
The functionality level <fun>=1 is where power saving is switched off. This is the default after
startup.
3.6.2
NON-CYCLIC SLEEP mode (AT+CFUN=0)
If level 0 has been selected (AT+CFUN=0), the serial interface is blocked. The module
shortly deactivates power saving to listen to a paging message sent from the base station
and then immediately resumes power saving. Level 0 is called NON-CYCLIC SLEEP mode,
since the serial interface is not alternatingly made accessible as in CYCLIC SLEEP mode.
The first wake-up event fully activates the module, enables the serial interface and
terminates the power saving mode. In short, it takes the GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 back
to the highest level of functionality <fun>=1. GSM_RTS0 or GSM_RTS1 are not used for
flow control, but to wake up the module.
3.6.3
CYCLIC SLEEP mode (AT+CFUN=5, 6, 7, 8)
The major benefit over the NON-CYCLIC SLEEP mode is that the serial interface is not
permanently blocked and that packet switched calls may go on without terminating the
selected CYCLIC SLEEP mode. This allows the GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 to become
active, for example to perform a GPRS data transfer, and to resume power saving after the
GPRS data transfer is completed.
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The CYCLIC SLEEP modes give you greater flexibility regarding the wake-up procedures:
For example, in all CYCLIC SLEEP modes, you can enter AT+CFUN=1 to permanently wake
up the module. In modes CFUN=7 and 8, the GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 automatically
resumes power saving, after you have sent or received a short message or made a call.
CFUN=5 and 6 do not offer this feature, and therefore, are only supported for compatibility
with earlier releases. Please refer to Table 11 for a summary of all modes.
The CYCLIC SLEEP mode is a dynamic process which alternatingly enables and disables
the serial interface. By setting/resetting the GSM_CTS signal, the module indicates to the
application whether or not the UART is active. The timing of GSM_CTS is described below.
Both the application and the module must be configured to use hardware flow control
(RTS/CTS handshake). The default setting of the GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 is AT\Q0 (no
flow control) which must be altered to AT\Q3. See [1] for details.
Note: If both serial interfaces ASC0 and ASC1 are connected, both are synchronized. This
means that SLEEP mode takes effect on both, no matter on which interface the AT
command was issued. Although not explicitly stated, all explanations given in this
chapter refer equally to ASC0 and ASC1, and accordingly to GSM_CTS0 and
GSM_CTS1.
3.6.4
CYCLIC SLEEP mode AT+CFUN=9
Mode AT+CFUN=9 is similar to AT+CFUN=7 or 8, but provides two additional features:
· GSM_RTS0 and GSM_RTS1 are not intended for flow control (as in modes
AT+CFUN=5, 6, 7 or 8), but can be used to temporarily wake up the module. This way,
the module can quickly wake up and resume power saving, regardless of the GSM_CTS
timing controlled by the paging cycle.
· The time the module stays active after GSM_RTS was asserted or after the last
character was sent or received, can be configured individually using the command
AT^SCFG. Default setting is 2 seconds like in AT+CFUN=7. The entire range is from 0.5
seconds to 1 hour, selectable in tenths of seconds. For details see [1].
3.6.5
Timing of the GSM_CTS signal in CYCLIC SLEEP modes
The GSM_CTS signal is enabled in synchrony with the module’s paging cycle. It goes active
low each time when the module starts listening to a paging message block from the base
station. The timing of the paging cycle varies with the base station. The duration of a paging
interval can be calculated from the following formula:
4.615 ms (TDMA frame duration) * 51 (number of frames) * DRX value.
DRX (Discontinuous Reception) is a value from 2 to 9, resulting in paging intervals from 0.47
to 2.12 seconds. The DRX value of the base station is assigned by the network operator.
Each listening period causes the GSM_CTS signal to go active low: If DRX is 2, the
GSM_CTS signal is activated every 0.47 seconds, if DRX is 3, the GSM_CTS signal is
activated every 0.71 seconds and if DRX is 9, the GSM_CTS signal is activated every 2.1
seconds.
The GSM_CTS signal is active low for 4.6 ms. This is followed by another 4.6 ms UART
activity. If the start bit of a received character is detected within these 9.2 ms, GSM_CTS will
be activated and the proper reception of the character will be guaranteed.
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GSM_CTS will also be activated if any character is to be sent.
After the last character was sent or received the interface will remain active for
· another 2 seconds, if AT+CFUN=5 or 7,
· another 10 minutes, if AT+CFUN=6 or 8,
· or for an individual time defined with AT^SCFG, if AT+CFUN=9. Assertion of GSM_RTS
has the same effect.
In the pauses between listening to paging messages, while GSM_CTS is high, the module
resumes power saving and the AT interface is not accessible. See Figure 12 and Figure 13.
Paging message
Paging message
2.12 s
Paging message
4.6
4.6
ms
GSM _CTS ms
4.6 ms
4.6
ms
4.6
ms
4.6 ms
AT interface disabled
Paging message
2.12 s
2.12 s
4.6 ms
4.6 ms
AT interface enabled
Figure 12: Timing of CTS signal (example for a 2.12 s paging cycle)
Figure 13 illustrates the CFUN=5 and CFUN=7 modes, which reset the GSM_CTS signal 2
seconds after the last character was sent or received.
Paging message
2.12 s
Paging message
2.12 s
Paging message
2.12 s
Paging message
Beginning of power saving
4.6
ms
GSM_CTS
2s
st
1 character
4.6 ms
4.6
ms
4.6 ms
4.6 ms
Last character
AT interface disabled
AT interface enabled
Figure 13: Beginning of power saving if CFUN=5 or 7
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Wake up XT55 from SLEEP mode
A wake-up event is any event that causes the module to draw current. Depending on the
selected mode the wake-up event either switches SLEEP mode off and takes XT55 back to
AT+CFUN=1, or activates XT55 temporarily without leaving the current SLEEP mode.
Definitions of the state transitions described in Table 11:
Quit
= XT55 exits SLEEP mode and returns to AT+CFUN=1.
Temporary
= XT55 becomes active temporarily for the duration of the event and the
mode-specific follow-up time after the last character was sent or received
on the serial interface.
No effect:
= Event is not relevant in the selected SLEEP mode. XT55 does not wake
up.
Table 11: Wake-up events in NON-CYCLIC and CYCLIC SLEEP modes
Event
Selected mode
AT+CFUN=0
Selected mode
AT+CFUN=5 or 6
Selected mode
AT+CFUN=7, 8, 9
Ignition line
No effect
No effect
No effect
GSM_RTS0 or GSM_RTS1 1)
(falling edge)
Quit
No effect (GSM_RTS
is only used for flow
control)
Mode 7 and 8: No
effect (GSM_RTS is
only used for flow
control)
Mode 9: Temporary
Unsolicited Result Code
(URC)
Quit
Quit
Temporary
Incoming voice or data call
Quit
Quit
Temporary
Any AT command
(incl. outgoing voice or data
call, outgoing SMS)
Not possible
(UART disabled)
Temporary
Temporary
AT+CNMI=0,0 (= default, no
indication of received SMS)
No effect
No effect
No effect
AT+CNMI=1,1 (= displays
URC upon receipt of SMS)
Quit
Quit
Temporary
GPRS data transfer
Not possible
(UART disabled)
Temporary
Temporary
RTC alarm2)
Quit
Quit
Temporary
AT+CFUN=1
Not possible
(UART disabled)
Quit
Quit
Incoming SMS depending on
mode selected by AT+CNMI:
1)
During the CYCLIC SLEEP modes 5, 6, 7, and 8, GSM_RTS0 and GSM_RTS1 are
conventionally used for flow control: The assertion of GSM_RTS0 or GSM_RTS1
signals that the application is ready to receive data - without waking up the module. If
the module is in CFUN=0 mode the assertion of GSM_RTS0 and GSM_RTS1 serves
as a wake-up event, giving the application the possibility to intentionally terminate
power saving. If the module is in CFUN=9 mode, the assertion of GSM_RTS0 or
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GSM_RTS1 can be used to temporarily wake up XT55 for the time specified with the
AT^SCFG command (default = 2s).
Recommendation: In NON-CYCLIC SLEEP mode, you can set an RTC alarm to wake
up XT55 and return to full functionality. This is a useful approach because, in this
mode, the AT interface is not accessible.
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Summary of state transitions (except SLEEP mode)
Table 12: State transitions of XT55 (except SLEEP mode)
The table shows how to proceed from one GSM/GPRS mode to another (grey column = present mode, white columns = intended modes)
Further mode èèè
**)
Charge-only mode
*)
Charging in normal mode
*)**)
POWER DOWN
Normal mode
Alarm mode
POWER DOWN mode
without charger
---
GSM_IGT >100 ms at
low level
No direct transition, but via
Connect charger to input
of ext. charging circuit and “Charge-only mode” or
“Normal mode”
GSM_POWER pin (high
level at GSM_POWER)
Wake-up from POWER
DOWN mode (if activated
with AT+CALA)
POWER DOWN mode
with charger (high level
at GSM_POWER pin of
XT55)
---
GSM_IGT >1 s at low
level, if battery is fully
charged
100ms < GSM_IGT <
500ms at low level
GSM_IGT >1 s at low level
Wake-up from POWER
DOWN mode (if activated
with AT+CALA)
AT^SMSO
or exceptionally
GSM_EMERGOFF pin > 3.2s
at low level
---
No automatic transition,
but via “POWER DOWN”
Connect charger to
GSM_POWER pin at XT55
(high level at
GSM_POWER)
AT+CALA followed by
AT^SMSO. XT55 enters
Alarm mode when specified
time is reached.
Disconnect charger (XT55
GSM_POWER pin at low
level)
or AT^SMSO
or exceptionally
GSM_EMERGOFF pin >3.2s
at low level
No automatic transition,
but via “Charge in
Normal mode”
---
GSM_IGT >1s at low level
AT+CALA followed by
AT^SMSO. XT55 enters
Alarm mode when specified
time is reached and
VGSM_BATT+>3.2V
Charging in normal
*) **)
mode
AT^SMSO è “Charge-only
mode”, again AT^SMSO
or exceptionally
GSM_EMERGOFF pin >3.2s
at low level
Disconnect charger from
input of ext. charging
circuit and module’s
GSM_POWER pin
AT^SMSO
---
No direct transition
Alarm mode
AT^SMSO or exceptionally
GSM_EMERGOFF pin >3.2s
at low level
GSM_IGT >100ms at low AT^SMSO if charger is
level
connected
GSM_IGT >100ms at low
level
---
Present mode
Normal mode
**)
Charge-only mode
*)
*)
See Chapter 3.5.4 for details on the charging mode
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**)
Normal mode covers TALK, DATA, GPRS, IDLE and SLEEP modes
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RTC backup for GSM/GPRS part of XT55
The internal Real Time Clock of the XT55 GSM/GPRS part is supplied from a separate
voltage regulator in the power supply ASIC which is also active when the GSM/GPRS part of
the XT55 is in POWER DOWN status. An alarm function is provided that allows to wake up
XT55 without logging on to the GSM network.
In addition, you can use the GSM_VDDLP pin on the board-to-board connector to backup
the RTC from an external capacitor or a battery (rechargeable or non-chargeable). The
capacitor is charged by the GSM_BATT+ line of XT55. If the voltage supply at GSM_BATT+
is disconnected the RTC can be powered by the capacitor. The size of the capacitor
determines the duration of buffering when no voltage is applied to the GSM/GPRS part of
the XT55, i.e. the greater capacitor the longer the GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 will save the
date and time.
The following figures show various sample configurations. The voltage applied at
GSM_VDDLP can be in the range from 2 to 5.5V. Please refer to Table 27 for the
parameters required.
GSM_BATT+
Baseband
processor
B2B
PSU
GSM_VDDLP
1k
RTC
+
Figure 14: RTC supply from capacitor
GSM_BATT+
Baseband
processor
B2B
PSU
GSM_VDDLP
1k
RTC
+
Figure 15: RTC supply from rechargeable battery
GSM_BATT+
Baseband
processor
B2B
PSU
1k
GSM_VDDLP
RTC
+
+
Figure 16: RTC supply from non-chargeable battery
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3.9
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Serial interfaces of the XT55 GSM/GPRS part
The GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 module offers two unbalanced, asynchronous serial
interfaces conforming to ITU-T V.24 protocol DCE signaling. The electrical characteristics do
not comply with ITU-T V.28. The significant levels are 0V (for low data bit or ON condition)
and 2.65V (for high data bit or OFF condition). For electrical characteristics please refer to
Table 38. Figure 1 shows the serial interfaces of the XT55 module.
The GSM engine is designed for use as a DCE. Based on the conventions for DCE-DTE
connections it communicates with the customer application (DTE) using the following
signals:
ASC0
· Port TXD @ application sends data to the module’s GSM_TXD0 signal line
· Port RXD @ application receives data from the module’s GSM_RXD0 signal line
ASC1
· Port TXD @ application sends data to module’s GSM_TXD1 signal line
· Port RXD @ application receives data from the module’s GSM_RXD1 signal line
3.9.1
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
Features supported on the first serial interface of
GSM/GPRS part (ASC0)
8-wire serial interface
Includes the data lines GSM_TXD0 and GSM_RXD0, the status lines GSM_RTS0 and
GSM_CTS0 and, in addition, the modem control lines GSM_DTR0, GSM_DSR0,
GSM_DCD0 and GSM_RING0.
It is primarily designed for voice calls, CSD calls, fax calls and GPRS services and for
controlling the GSM engine with AT commands. Full Multiplex capability allows the
interface to be partitioned into three virtual channels, yet with CSD and fax services only
available on the first logical channel. Please note that when the ASC0 interface runs in
Multiplex mode, ASC1 cannot be used. For more detailed characteristics see [12].
The GSM_DTR0 signal will only be polled once per second from the internal firmware of
XT55.
The GSM_RING0 signal serves to indicate incoming calls and other types of URCs
(Unsolicited Result Code). It can also be used to send pulses to the host application, for
example to wake up the application from power saving state. For further details see
Chapter 3.12.2.3.
Autobauding is only selectable on ASC0 and supports the following bit rates: 1200, 2400,
4800, 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, 115200, 230400 bps.
Autobauding is not compatible with multiplex mode, see [12].
ASC0 interface is intended for firmware upgrade of the GSM/GPRS part
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3.9.2
·
·
·
·
Features supported on the second serial interface of
GSM/GPRS part (ASC1)
4-wire serial interface
Includes only the data lines GSM_TXD1 and GSM_RXD1 plus GSM_RTS1 and
GSM_CTS1 for hardware handshake. This interface is intended for voice calls, GPRS
services and for controlling the GSM engine with AT commands. It is not suited for CSD
calls, fax calls and Multiplex mode.
On ASC1 no GSM_RING line is available. The indication of URCs on the second
interface depends on the settings made with the AT^SCFG command. For details refer to
[1].
3.9.3
·
mo b i l e
ASC0 and ASC1 configuration
Both interfaces are configured for 8 data bits, no parity and 1 stop bit, and can be
operated at bit rates from 300bps to 230400 bps.
XON/XOFF software flow control can be used on both interfaces (except if power saving
is active).
st
Table 13: DCE-DTE wiring of 1 serial interface (GSM/GPRS part)
V.24
circuit
DCE (XT55)
DTE (application)
Pin function
Signal direction
Pin function
Signal direction
103
GSM_TXD0
Input
/TXD
Output
104
GSM_RXD0
Output
/RXD
Input
105
GSM_RTS0
Input
/RTS
Output
106
GSM_CTS0
Output
/CTS
Input
108/2
GSM_DTR0
Input
/DTR
Output
107
GSM_DSR0
Output
/DSR
Input
109
GSM_DCD0
Output
/DCD
Input
125
GSM_RING0
Output
/RING
Input
Table 14: DCE-DTE wiring of 2nd serial interface (GSM/GPRS part)
V.24
circuit
DCE (XT55)
DTE (application)
Pin function
Signal direction
Pin function
Signal direction
103
GSM_TXD1
Input
/TXD
Output
104
GSM_RXD1
Output
/RXD
Input
105
GSM_RTS1
Input
/RTS
Output
106
GSM_CTS1
Output
/CTS
Input
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Audio interfaces
XT55 comprises three audio interfaces available on the board-to-board connector:
· Two analog audio interfaces, each with a balanced analog microphone input and a
balanced analog earpiece output. The second analog interface provides a supply circuit
to feed an active microphone.
· Serial digital audio interface (DAI) using PCM (Pulse Code Modulation) to encode analog
voice signals into digital bit streams.
This means you can connect up to three audio devices in any combination, although analog
and digital audio cannot be operated at the same time. Using the AT^SAIC command you
can easily switch back and forth.
GSM_MICP1
GSM_MICN1
GSM_MICP2
M
U
X
ADC
GSM_MICN2
GSM_EPP1
GSM_EPN1
DAC
GSM_EPP2
DSP
Air
Interface
GSM_EPN2
GSM_SCLK
GSM_RXDDA
I
GSM_RFSDAI
GSM_TXDDAI
GSM_TFSDAI
Digital
Audio
Interface
(DAI)
Figure 17: Audio block diagram
XT55 offers six audio modes which can be selected with the AT^SNFS command, no matter
which of the three interfaces is currently active. The electrical characteristics of the
voiceband part vary with the audio mode. For example, sending and receiving amplification,
sidetone paths, noise suppression etc. depend on the selected mode and can be altered with
AT commands (except for mode 1).
On each audio interface you can use all audio AT commands specified in [1] to alter
parameters. The only exception are the DAC and ADC gain amplifier attenuation
<outBbcGain> and <inBbcGain> which cannot be modified when the digital audio interface is
used, since in this case the DAC and ADC are switched off.
Please refer to Chapter 3.10 for specifications of the audio interface and an overview of the
audio parameters. Detailed instructions on using AT commands are presented in [1]. Table
31 on page 101 summarizes the characteristics of the various audio modes and shows what
parameters are supported in each mode.
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When shipped from factory, all audio parameters of XT55 are set to interface 1 and audio
mode 1. This is the default configuration optimized for the Votronic HH-SI-30.3/V1.1/0
handset and used for type approving the Siemens reference configuration. Audio mode 1
has fix parameters which cannot be modified. To adjust the settings of the Votronic handset
simply change to another audio mode.
In transmit direction, all audio modes contain internal scaling factors (digital amplification)
that are not accessible by the user. To avoid saturation with a full scale digital input signal on
the DAI, and to obtain a one-to-one digital access to the speech coder in audio mode 5
and 6, it is recommended to set the parameter <inCalibrate> of the selected audio mode as
follows:
Audio mode 1 and 4:
23196
Audio mode 2:
17396
Audio mode 3:
21901
Audio mode 5 and 6:
21402
3.10.1
Microphone circuit
Interface 1
This interface has no microphone supply circuit and therefore, has an impedance of 50kW.
When connecting a microphone or another signal source to interface 1 you are required to
add two 100 nF capacitors, one to each line.
Interface 2
This interface comes with a microphone supply circuit and can be used to feed an active
microphone. It has an impedance of 2kW. If you do not use it or if you want to connect
another type of signal source, for example, an op amp or a dynamic microphone, it needs to
be decoupled with capacitors. The power supply can be switched off and on by using the
command AT^SNFM. For details see [1].
Figure 18 shows the microphone inputs at both analog interfaces of XT55.
2.65 V
Power down
GSM_MICP1
GSM_MICN1
Ri=50kΩ
to ADC
1 kΩ
1 kΩ
GSM_MICP2
33 µF
GSM_MICN2
1 kΩ
1 kΩ
Ri=2kΩ
Figure 18: Schematic of microphone inputs
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Speech processing
The speech samples from the ADC or DAI are handled by the DSP of the baseband
controller to calculate e.g. amplifications, sidetone, echo cancellation or noise suppression
depending on the configuration of the active audio mode. These processed samples are
passed to the speech encoder. Received samples from the speech decoder are passed to
the DAC or DAI after post processing (frequency response correction, adding sidetone etc.).
Full rate, half rate, enhanced full rate, adaptive multi rate (AMR), speech and channel
encoding including voice activity detection (VAD) and discontinuous transmission (DTX) and
digital GMSK modulation are also performed on the GSM baseband processor.
Customer specific audio parameters can be evaluated and supplied by Siemens on request.
These parameters can be downloaded to XT55 using an AT command. For further
information refer to [10] or contact your Siemens distributor.
3.10.3
DAI timing
To support the DAI function, XT55 integrates a simple five-line serial interface with one input
data clock line (GSM_SCLK) and input / output data and frame lines (GSM_TXDDAI,
GSM_TFSDAI, GSM_RXDDAI, GSM_RFSDAI).
The serial interface is always active if the external input data clock GSM_SLCK is present,
i.e. the serial interface is not clocked by the DSP of the XT55 baseband processor.
GSM_SLCK must be supplied from the application and can be in a frequency range between
0.2 and 10 MHz. Serial transfer of 16-bit words is done in both directions.
Data transfer to the application is initiated by the module via a short pulse of GSM_TFSDAI.
The duration of the GSM_TFSDAI pulse is one GSM_SCLK period, starting at the rising
edge of SLCK. During the following 16 SLCK cycles, the 16-bit sample will be transferred on
the GSM_TXDDAI line. The next outgoing sample will be transferred after the next
GSM_TFSDAI pulse which occurs every 125 µs.
The GSM_TFSDAI pulse is the master clock of the sample transfer. From the rising edge of
the GSM_TFSDAI pulse, the application has 100 µs to transfer the 16-bit input sample on
the GSM_RXDDAI line. The rising edge of the GSM_RFSDAI pulse (supplied by the
application) may coincide with the falling edge of GSM_TFSDAI or occur slightly later - it is
only significant that, in any case, the transfer of the LSB input sample will be completed
within the specified duration of 100 µs.
Audio samples are transferred from the module to the application in an average of 125µs.
This is determined by the 8kHz sampling rate, which is derived from and synchronized to the
GSM network. As SLCK is independent of the GSM network, the distance between two
succeeding sample transfers may vary about + 1 SLCK period.
The application is required to adapt its sampling rate to the GSM_TFSDAI rate. Failure to
synchronize the timing between the module and the application may cause audible pops and
clicks in a conversation. The timing characteristics of both data transfer directions are shown
in Figure 19 and Figure 20.
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Note:
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Before starting the data transfer the clock GSM_SCLK should be available for at
least three cycles.
After the transfer of the LSB0 the clock GSM_SCLK should be still available for at
least three cycles.
minimum possible distance = 25 bit periods
GSM_SLCK
(input)
=T
T = 100ns to 5,000 ns
Internal
signal
GSM_RFSDAI
(input)
=T
GSM_RXDDAI
(input)
=T
MSB
15
Bit
14
Bit
13
Bit
12
Bit
11
Bit
10
Bit
9
Bit
8
Bit
7
Bit
6
Bit
5
Bit
4
Bit
3
Bit
2
Bit
1
LSB
0
MSB
15
< 1 DSP cycle
Flag
< 1.5 SCLK
cycles
automatic reset after
reading to DAIRD
interrupt on INTO
after 3 DSP cycles
Figure 19: DAI timing on transmit path
minimum possible distance = 25 bit periods
GSM_SLCK
(input)
=T
T = 100ns to 5,000 ns
Internal
signal
GSM_TFSDAI
<3 SCLK
cycles
(output)
=T
GSM_TXDDAI
(output)
Flag
MSB
15
Bit
14
=T
Bit
13
Bit
12
Bit
11
Bit
10
Bit
9
Bit
8
Bit
7
Bit
6
Bit
5
Bit
4
Bit
3
Bit
2
Bit
1
LSB
0
MSB
15
automatic reset after
writing to DAITD
<1 DSP
cycles
interrupt on INTO
after 3 DSP cycles
<2 DSP
cycles
Figure 20: DAI timing on receive path
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SIM interface
The baseband processor has an integrated SIM interface compatible with the ISO 7816 IC
Card standard. This is wired to the host interface (board-to-board connector) in order to be
connected to an external SIM card holder. Six pins on the board-to-board connector are
reserved for the SIM interface.
The GSM_CCIN pin serves to detect whether a tray (with SIM card) is present in the card
holder. Using the GSM_CCIN pin is mandatory for compliance with the GSM 11.11
recommendation if the mechanical design of the host application allows the user to remove
the SIM card during operation. See Chapter 3.11.1 for details.
It is recommended that the total cable length between the board-to-board connector pins on
XT55 and the pins of the SIM card holder does not exceed 200 mm in order to meet the
specifications of 3GPP TS 51.010-1 and to satisfy the requirements of EMC compliance.
Table 15: Signals of the SIM interface (board-to-board connector)
Signal
Description
GSM_CCGND
Separate ground connection for SIM card to improve EMC.
GSM_CCCLK
Chipcard clock, various clock rates can be set in the baseband processor.
GSM_CCVCC
SIM supply voltage from PSU-ASIC
GSM_CCIO
Serial data line, input and output.
GSM_CCRST
Chipcard reset, provided by baseband processor.
GSM_CCIN
Input on the baseband processor for detecting a SIM card tray in the holder.
The GSM_CCIN pin is mandatory for applications that allow the user to remove the
SIM card during operation.
The GSM_CCIN pin is solely intended for use with a SIM card. It must not be used
for any other purposes. Failure to comply with this requirement may invalidate the
type approval of XT55.
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Requirements for using the GSM_CCIN pin
According to ISO/IEC 7816-3 the SIM interface must be immediately shut down once the
SIM card is removed during operation. Therefore, the signal at the GSM_CCIN pin must go
low before the SIM card contacts are mechanically detached from the SIM interface
contacts. This shut-down procedure is particularly required to protect the SIM card as well as
the SIM interface of XT55 from damage.
An appropriate SIM card detect switch is required on the card holder. For example, this is
true for the model supplied by Molex, which has been tested to operate with XT55 and is part
of the Siemens reference equipment submitted for type approval. Molex ordering number is
91228-0001, see also Chapter 9.
The module’s startup procedure involves a SIM card initialization performed within 1 second
after getting started. An important issue is whether the initialization procedure ends up with a
high or low level of the GSM_CCIN signal:
a)
If, during startup of XT55, the GSM_CCIN signal on the SIM interface is high, then the
status of the SIM card holder can be recognized each time the card is inserted or
ejected.
A low level of GSM_CCIN indicates that no SIM card tray is inserted into the holder. In
this case, the module keeps searching, at regular intervals, for the SIM card. Once the
SIM card tray with a SIM card is inserted, GSM_CCIN is taken high again.
b)
If, during startup of XT55, the GSM_CCIN signal is low, the module will also attempt to
initialize the SIM card. In this case, the initialization will only be successful when the
card is present.
If the SIM card initialization has been done, but the card is no more operational or
removed, then the module will never search again for a SIM card and only emergency
calls can be made.
Removing and inserting the SIM card during operation requires the software to be
reinitialized. Therefore, after reinserting the SIM card it is necessary to restart XT55.
It is strongly recommended to connect the contacts of the SIM card detect switch to the
GSM_CCIN input and to the GSM_CCVCC output of the module as illustrated in the sample
diagram in Figure 21.
Note: No guarantee can be given, nor any liability accepted, if loss of data is encountered
after removing the SIM card during operation.
Also, no guarantee can be given for properly initializing any SIM card that the user
inserts after having removed a SIM card during operation. In this case, the application
must restart XT55.
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Design considerations for SIM card holder
The schematic below is a sample configuration that illustrates the Molex SIM card holder
located on the DSB45 Support Box (evaluation kit used for type approval of the Siemens
XT55 reference setup, see [7]). X503 is the designation used for the SIM card holder in [7].
GSM_CCVCC
GSM_CCIN
GSM_CCIO
GSM_CCCLK
GSM_CCRST
GSM_CCGND
Molex card holder
GSM module
Figure 21: SIM card holder of DSB45 Support Box
Table 16: Pin assignment of Molex SIM card holder on DSB45 Support Box
Pin no. Signal name
I/O
Function
1
CCVCC
I
Supply voltage for SIM card, generated by the GSM engine
2
CCRST
I
Chip card reset, prompted by the GSM engine
3
CCCLK
I
Chip card clock
4
CCGND
-
Individual ground line for the SIM card to improve EMC
5
CCVPP
-
Not connected
6
CCIO
I/O
Serial data line, bi-directional
7
CCDET1
-
Connect to GSM_CCVCC
8
CCDET2
Connects to the GSM_CCIN input of the GSM engine. Serves to
recognize whether a SIM card is in the holder.
Pins 1 through 8 (except for 5) are the minimum
requirement according to the GSM Recommendations,
where pins 7 and 8 are needed for SIM card tray
detection through the GSM_CCIN pin.
Figure 22: Pin numbers of Molex SIM card holder on DSB45
Support Box
4
5
6
1
2
3
8
7
Place the capacitors C1205 and C1206 (or instead one capacitor of 200nF) as close as
possible to the pins 1 (CCVCC) and 4 (GND) of the card holder. Connect the capacitors to
the pins via low resistance tracks.
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3.12
Control signals
3.12.1
Inputs
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Table 17: Input control signals of the GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 module
Signal
Pin
Pin status
Function
Remarks
Ignition
GSM_IGT
Falling edge
Power up XT55
Left open or HiZ
No operation
Active low ³ 100ms (Open
drain/collector driver to GND
required in cellular device
application).
Note: If a charger and a
battery is connected to the
customer application the
GSM_IGT signal must be 1s
minimum.
Emergency
shutdown
GSM_EMERG- Low
OFF
Left open or HiZ
Power down XT55
No operation
Active low ³ 3.2s
drain/collector
required in cellular
application).
At
GSM_EMERGOFF
the watchdog signal
GSM engine can be
(see description in
27).
(Open
driver
device
the
signal
of the
traced
Table
(HiZ = high impedance)
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3.12.2
Outputs
3.12.2.1
Synchronization signal
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The synchronization signal serves to indicate growing power consumption during the
transmit burst. The signal is generated by the GSM_SYNC pin. Please note that this pin can
adopt two different operating modes which you can select by using the AT^SSYNC
command (mode 0 and 1). For details refer to the following chapter and to [1].
To generate the synchronization signal the pin needs to be configured to mode 0 (= default).
This setting is recommended if you want your application to use the synchronization signal
for better power supply control. Your platform design must be such that the incoming signal
accommodates sufficient power supply to the XT55 module if required. This can be achieved
by lowering the current drawn from other components installed in your application.
The timing of the synchronization signal is shown below. High level of the GSM_SYNC pin
indicates increased power consumption during transmission.
1 Tx 577 µs every 4.616 ms
2 Tx 1154 µs every 4.616 ms
Transmit burst
*)
GSM_SYNC signal
300 µs
Figure 23: GSM_SYNC signal during transmit burst
*)
The duration of the GSM_SYNC signal is always equal, no matter whether the traffic or
the access burst are active.
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Using the GSM_SYNC pin to control a status LED
As an alternative to generating the synchronization signal, the GSM_SYNC pin can be used
to control a status LED on your application platform.
To avail of this feature you need to set the GSM_SYNC pin to mode 1 by using the
AT^SSYNC command. For details see [1].
When controlled from the GSM_SYNC pin the LED can display the functions listed in Table
18.
Table 18: Coding of the status LED
LED mode
Operating status
Off
XT55 is off or run in SLEEP, Alarm or Charge-only mode
600 ms On / 600ms Off
No SIM card inserted or no PIN entered, or network search in
progress, or ongoing user authentication, or network login in
progress.
75 ms On / 3 s Off
Logged to network (monitoring control channels and user
interactions). No call in progress.
75 ms on / 75 ms Off / 75 ms On / One or more GPRS contexts activated.
3 s Off
Flashing
Indicates GPRS data transfer: When a GPRS transfer is in
progress, the LED goes on within 1 second after data packets
were exchanged. Flash duration is approximately 0.5 s.
On
Depending on type of call:
Voice call: Connected to remote party.
Data call: Connected to remote party or exchange of
parameters while setting up or disconnecting a call.
LED Off = GSM_SYNC pin low. LED On = GSM_SYNC pin high (if LED is connected as illustrated in
Figure 24)
To operate the LED a buffer, e.g. a transistor or gate,
must be included in your application. A sample
configuration can be gathered from Figure 24. Power
consumption in the LED mode is the same as for the
synchronization signal mode. For details see Table
27, GSM_SYNC pin.
Figure 24: LED Circuit (Example)
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Behavior of the GSM_RING0 line (ASC0 interface only)
The GSM_RING0 line is available on the first serial interface (ASC0). The signal serves to
indicate incoming calls and other types of URCs (Unsolicited Result Code).
Although not mandatory for use in a host application, it is strongly suggested that you
connect the GSM_RING0 line to an interrupt line of your application. In this case, the
application can be designed to receive an interrupt when a falling edge on GSM_RING0
occurs. This solution is most effective, particularly, for waking up an application from power
saving. Note that if the GSM_RING0 line is not wired, the application would be required to
permanently poll the data and status lines of the serial interface at the expense of a higher
current consumption. Therefore, utilizing the GSM_RING0 line provides an option to
significantly reduce the overall current consumption of your application.
The behavior of the GSM_RING0 line varies with the type of event:
· When a voice call comes in the GSM_RING0 line goes low for 1s and high for another
4s. Every 5 seconds the ring string is generated and sent over the GSM_RXD0 line.
If there is a call in progress and call waiting is activated for a connected handset or
handsfree device, the GSM_RING0 line switches to ground in order to generate acoustic
signals that indicate the waiting call.
GSM_RING0
4s
4s
1s
Ring
string
1s
Ring
string
1s
Ring
string
Figure 25: Incoming voice call
·
Likewise, when a Fax or data call is received, GSM_RING0 goes low. However, in
contrast to voice calls, the line remains low. Every 5 seconds the ring string is generated
and sent over the GSM_RXD0 line.
GSM_RING0
Ring
string
5s
5s
Ring
string
Ring
string
Figure 26: Incoming data call
·
All types of Unsolicited Result Codes (URCs) also cause the
GSM_RING0 line to go low, however for 1 second only.
For example, XT55 may be configured to output a URC
upon the receipt of an SMS. As a result, if this URC type
was activated with AT+CNMI=1,1, each incoming SMS
causes the GSM_RING0 line to go low. See [1] for detailed
information on URCs.
GSM_RING0
1s
URC
Figure 27: URC transmission
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Table 19: ASC0 ring signal
Function
Pin
Status
Description
Ring indication
GSM_RING0
0
Indicates an incoming call or URC. If in NON-CYCLIC
SLEEP mode CFUN=0 or CYCLIC SLEEP mode
CFUN=5 or 6, the module is caused to wake up to full
functionality. If CFUN=7 or 8, power saving is resumed
after URC transmission or end of call.
1
No operation
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4
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GPS application interface
The XT55 module integrates a GPS receiver which offers the full performance of GPS
technology. The GPS receiver continuously tracks all satellites in view, thus providing
accurate satellite position data.
The GPS block can be used even if the XT55 module is deregistered from the GSM network.
4.1
Theory of operation
Figure 28: Theory of operation
The XT55 GPS part is designed to use L1 Frequency (C/A Code) GPS receiver and
performs the entire GPS signal processing, from antenna input to serial position data output.
The processing steps involved are:
· RF Section
In the RF Section the GPS signal detected by the antenna is amplified, filtered and
converted to an intermediate frequency (IF). An A/D converter converts the analogue
intermediate frequency into a digital IF signal.
· GPS Channels
The received digital IF signal bit stream is passed to the baseband section, where it is
fed into the correlators. It is the function of the correlators to acquire and track the
satellite signals. There are 12 channels used in parallel, with each correlator looking for a
characteristic PRN code sequence in the bit stream. Once the correlator has a valid
signal, Pseudo range, Carrier Phase and Orbit Information can be extracted from the
GPS signal.
· Navigation
The on-board processor is running an algorithm that calculates the position, velocity and
time. This calculation is called the navigation solution. Once the navigation solution is
calculated, it can be transformed into the desired coordinate system, e.g. Latitude/
Longitude/ Altitude.
· Interface
The data of the navigation solution are available at the serial RS-232 interface.
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Technical data
Industry leading GPS performance
· 12 channel GPS receiver
· Signal acquisition using 1920 time / frequency search channels
· Multipath-mitigation hardware
· Cold start < 45 sec
Low power
· Typ. 220mW without active antenna (continuous mode)
· TricklePower™ mode reduces power to < 60mW
· Adaptive TricklePower™ switches between full and TricklePower™
· Push to fix reduces power by as much as 98%
Additional software options (can be obtained separately)
· AVL (for further information refer to [3])
· TCP/IP
· SiRFXtrac (high sensitivity stand alone software)
· SiRFDrive (high sensitivity dead reckoning software)
Protocols
· SDI1 / SDO1:
·
SDI2 / SDO2:
NMEA 9600 baud, Msg.: GLL, GGA, RMC, VTG, GSV, GSA
8 data bits, no parity, 1 stop bit
RTCM, 9600 baud
Specification
· Position accuracy
autonomous:
Beacon DGPS:
· Receiver
Tracking:
Channels:
Max. update rate:
Sensitivity:
Max. Altitude:
Max. velocity:
Protocol support:
· Acquisition rate
SnapStart:
Hot Start:
Warm Start:
Cold Start:
XT55_hd_v00.02
< 10m
< 2.5m
L1, CA code
12
10 Hz
-172dBW
<60.000 ft
<1.000 knots
NMEA, SiRF binary
< 3 sec
< 8 sec
< 38 sec
< 45 sec
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4.3
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GPS operating modes
Mode
Function
Normal operation
The receiver is continuously running in normal Mode, as long as the operating
voltage Vcc is supplied. Position fixes are generated at the maximum update
rate. It is recommended to use an external backup battery to reduce the system
start-up time. In case of power supply interruption and an external backup
battery is connected, the receiver keeps the intern Real Time Clock running and
holds the FLASH data (ephemeris and almanac data). This enables the receiver
a Warm- and Hot-start. However, the cold- and warm start times of receiver do
not differ significantly under good visibility conditions.
Trickle Power
mode
Vcc is continuously supplied to the receiver in Trickle Power mode. By using a
special configurable software, the user can force the receiver to acquire a
position fix periodically. Between two fixes, the receiver will be in a low power
mode. A backup battery is needed to be connected to the receiver for reduction
the start-up times in case of Vcc interruption.
The power-on scenario in Trickle Power mode on the XT55 GPS part differs
from one in continuous mode. If the receiver fails to acquire satellites within a
given period of time (approx. 150 sec), the receiver goes into an extended sleep
phase. The duration of this sleep phase is approx. 30 sec. After that, the
receiver wakes up, makes a reset and tries to acquire satellites. This procedure
repeats itself until the GPS receiver can detect satellites. For further details refer
to [2].
Push-to-fix mode
In this mode the receiver will turn on every 30 minutes to perform a system
update consisting of a GPS RTC calibration and satellite ephemeris data
collection if required (i.e. a new satellite has become visible) as well as all
software tasks to support SnapSart in the event of an NMI. Ephemeris collection
time in general takes 18 to 30 seconds. If ephemeris data is not required the
system will recalibrate and shut down. In either case, the amount of time the
receiver remains off will be in proportion to how long it stayed on:
Off period = On Period*(1-Duty Cycle)
Duty Cycle
The off period has a possible range between 10 and 7200 seconds. The default
is 1800 seconds.
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Trickle Power mode
The default mode of XT55 GPS part is continuous mode, but the user can set the XT55 GPS
part into the Trickle Power mode via input command message. The XT55 GPS part enters
the trickle power mode corresponding to Figure 29 (800ms OFF Time and 200ms ON Time)
as soon as valid GPS data are available. As a result the average power consumption is
reduced by approximately 80 % (approximately 150mW). The settings for the trickle power
mode can be modified by using the SiRFstar demo software. For example if the XT55 GPS
part is configured to enter the OnTime mode each 10s for a duration of 200ms the average
power consumption can be reduced up to approx. 95% (approx. 15mW, ca. 4,8mA at
Vcc=3.3V).
Figure 29: Example for current in Trickle Power mode
For more details refer to [2].
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Comparision of Trickle Power and Push-to Fix mode
A comparison of the Trickle Power and Push-to-Fix modes is shown in Figure below. This
diagram shows that for position update intervals less than approximately 600 seconds (i.e.
rates faster than one fix per 10 minutes), the Trickle Power mode at an update interval of 10
seconds offers a lower power solution. The user would then be required to filter the output
position data to use only the data points corresponding to the desired update interval. For
example, if the desired position output is at 60 second intervals, then the user would only
need one out of every six position outputs at a 10 second Trickle Power update interval.
Alternatively, the user could perform smoothing or averaging of the position data and provide
an output at the desired rate.
Figure 30: Current comparison between Trickle Power and Push-to Fix mode
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Power supply of the XT55 GPS part
The power supply for the GPS part of the XT55 module has to be a single voltage source of
VCC=3.3V ± 5%. It must be able to provide sufficient current of 250 mA.
GPS_VCC:
Two GPS_VCC pins of the board-to-board connector are dedicated to connect the power
supply voltage, five GND pins shared with the GSM/GPRS part of the XT55 module are
recommended for grounding; see Figure 42 for details.
GPS_V_ANT:
This pin is reserved for an external DC power supply for active antenna.
The antenna bias for an external active antenna can be provided in two way to pin
GPS_V_ANT.
The GPS_V_ANT input voltage should be chosen according to the antenna to be used.
In order to use a 5V active GPS antenna, the GPS_V_ANT has to be connected to 5V
external power supply respectively.
The other possibility is available when you connect the GPS_VCC_RF output (which
provides 3.0V) to GPS_V_ANT, so that an antenna with 3.0V supply voltage can be used.
GPS_VCC_RF:
This pin is an output which provide +3.0 V DC, and can be connected to the GPS_V_ANT, to
supply the connected GPS antenna. In Trickle Power and Push-To-Fix modes,
GPS_VCC_RF is switched off during the sleep mode.
4.5
General purpose input/output
Several I/O’s (GPS_GPIO0, GPS_GPIO1, GPS_GPIO3, GPS_GPIO5, GPS_GPIO6,
GPS_GPIO7, GPS_GPIO10, GPS_GPIO13, GPS_GPIO14, GPS_GPIO15) of the CPU are
connected to the hardware interface connector of the XT55 GPS receiver. They are reserved
for customer specific applications.
For example:
· For realization a SPI-Bus
· For realization an antenna indication.
Not all of these pins are supported by the current GPS firmware.
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Serial interfaces of the XT55 GPS part
The GPS part of the XT55 module offers two serial interfaces:
SD1
· 2-wire serial interface
· Includes the SDI1 (receive) and SDO1 (transmit) lines
· Supported baud rate: 4800 bps. See also [2] for details on the used GPS protocol.
SD2
· 2-wire serial interface
· Includes the SDI2 (receive) and SDO2 (transmit) lines. It is intended for communication
with the GSM/ GPRS part of the XT55 module. See Figure 1 for details.
· Supported baud rate: 9600 bps. See also [2] for details on the used GPS protocol.
SD1 and SD2
· Both interfaces are configured for 8 data bits, no parity and 1 stop bit
· For more detailed characteristics see [2]
4.7
GPS control signals
GPS_M-RST: This pin provides an active-low reset input to the board. It causes the board
to reset and start searching for satellites. Reset is an optional input and, if
not utilized, it may be left open.
GPS_GPIO9 (T-MARK):
This pin provides 1 pulse per second output from the board, which is
synchronized to within 1 microsecond of GPS time. The output is a CMOS
level signal.
GPS_BOOTSEL:
Set this Pin to high for reprogramming the flash of the XT55 GPS part (for
instance updating to a new firmware for the XT55 GPS part).
GPS_RFPC0, GPS_RFPC1
These pins are input pins for Trickle-Power Mode control. They must be
connected externally to GPS_GPIO8 and GPS_GPIO4.
GPS_GPIO8, GPS_GPIO4:
These pins are control outputs for the Trickle-Power Mode. GPS_GPIO8
must be connected to GPS_RFPC0 and GPS_GPIO4 to GPS_RFPC1.
GPS_GPIO8, GPS_GPIO4 can also be used to control a LED. A possible
circuit is shown in Figure 24. If the LED lights permanently the GPS receiver
is searching for satellites. Is the GPS receiver in Trickle-Power Mode, the
LED flashes in rhythm, i.e. the GPS receiver receives valid positions data.
Timing differs between GPS_GPIO4 and GPS_GPIO8.
Note: By switched off Trickle power the LED will flash permanently. The reception of
satellites data can be checked by using the T-Mark, however, cannot be evaluated.
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Vcc = 3.3 V DC
330 W
GPS_RFPC0
BC817
47 k W
GND
Figure 31: Example of LED circuit
4.8
Receiver architecture
The XT55 GPS receiver is a product that features the SiRFstarII-Low Power chipset. This
complete 12 channel, WAAS-enabled GPS receiver provides a vastly superior position
accuracy performance in a much smaller package. The SiRFstarII architecture builds on the
high-performance SiRFstarI core, adding an acquisition accelerator, differential GPS
processor, multipath mitigation hardware and satellite-tracking engine. The XT55 GPS
receiver delivers major advancements in GPS performance, accuracy, integration,
computing power and flexibility.
BOOTSELECT
Antenna input
RECEIVER ARCHITECTURE
XTAL
RTC
LNA
RF
Filter
GRF2i/LP
RF
Front-End
GPS-Data
AGC
Clock
GSP2e/LP
Signal
Processor
2 x PWRCTL
(RFPC)
T-MARK
GPS_SDI 1
GPS_SDO 1
GPS_SDO 2
GPS_SDI 2
12 x GPS_GPIO
TCXO
Data Bus
Address Bus
GPS_VCC_RF
GPS_VANT
Reset IC
GPS_M-RST
GPS_VCC
(+3.3 V DC)
FLASH
1MByte
Figure 32: Receiver architecture of the GPS receiver
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Figure 32 above shows the block diagram of the XT55 GPS receiver architecture. The GPS
module is separated into four major parts: RF frequency down-converter, digital baseband
demodulation, embedded ARM microprocessor and internal GPS software stored on-board
(1 MBits) Flash-Memory. The RF frequency conversion and the baseband demodulation are
executed by hardware while the embedded ARM processor computes the GPS Position,
Velocity and Time solution employing the internal GPS software.
The purpose of the RF circuitry is to reinforce the very weak (-130dBm nominal) GPS signal,
filter it and down-convert it to an Intermediate Frequency (IF) of 9.45MHz for digital
processing. The SiRFstarII architecture relies on the high level of integration in the GRF2i to
significantly reduce part count and circuit complexity. The IF filter is built-in as well.
· The digital baseband demodulator takes the quantified GPS signal and detects the
individual satellites serial data bit stream, along with the associated pseudo range. This
action consists of removing spread spectrum and Doppler frequency components of the
signal to obtain the serial data messages.
· The embedded ARM processor monitors channel allocation, extracts the raw satellite
tracking data, computes the position and time solution and sends it on a serial port for
high level applications to use or processes it locally. Support functions for the
microprocessor include real-time clock and reset pulse generator circuits. The internal
GPS software monitors and allocates channels, computers the Position, Velocity and
Time using the pseudo-range of the satellites and reformats the data to be output or
used locally. The internal GPS software is a tasking based architecture driven by the
100ms interrupt generated by GPS2e internal hardware.
4.9
Operation procedure
When the receiver is powered up, it steps trough a sequence of states until it can initially
determine position, velocity and time. Afterwards, the satellite signals are tracked
continuously and the position is calculated periodically.
In order to perform a navigation solution (3D solution), the receiver needs.
·
·
Pseudo-ranges for at least 3 satellites
Ephemeris Data for the satellites it will use in the navigation solution.
Note: If almanac navigation is enabled, the receiver can calculate a position without
downloading ephemeris data (with a significant position error compared to an
ephemeris based solution).
The Initial Position Calculation is made, using a Least-Squares Algorithm. Successive
Position Calculations are performed with a Kalman Filter. To generate a Position (3D
solution) Calculation the receiver needs at least 4 measurements to different satellites. In
order to calculate a position (Latitude/Longitude/Height), as a 2D solution with a estimated
height value, then 3 different satellites are required. Pseudo-range and Carrier phase
information are available to the Position Determination Algorithms if the receiver has found a
SV (Acquisition) and can track the signal thereafter. Ephemeris data for a SV can be
decoded from Orbit Data once the GPS signal has been acquired. Each SV transmits its own
ephemeris data, the broadcast lasts for 18 seconds, repeating every 30 seconds.
The receiver stores ephemeris data in battery-backed memory. This data can be used in
future startup’s to improve the time to first fix (TTFF). The Ephemeris can also be supplied to
the receiver via the serial port.
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Start-up procedures
The start-up strategy of the XT55 GPS part depends on the last position, current time and
ephemeris data, that the receiver has stored no-board SRAM memory. There are three
different start up procedures:
4.10.1
Coldstart
The Coldstart take place when the receiver has no knowledge of its last position or time. In
this case the GPS RTC has not been running and no valid ephemeris data or almanac data
is available (The receiver has never been navigating or no battery backup memory
available).
4.10.2
Warmstart
This start-up procedure Warmstart is performed whenever the receiver is able to use the
valid almanac data, and has not in an important manner moved since the last valid position
calculation. This procedure start if the receiver has been shut off for more than 2 hours, but
the last position, time and almanac are still acknowledged. This procedure allows it to
announce in advance the current visible satellites. However, since ephemeris data is not
available or no longer widely used, the receiver needs to wait for the ephemeris broadcast to
complete.
4.10.3
Hotstart
This procedure Hotstart is performed whenever the receiver still has access to valid
ephemeris data and exact time. This procedure start if the receiver has been shut off for less
than 2 hours and the GPS RTC has been running during that time. Furthermore, during the
previous session, the receiver must have been navigating (to allow it to decode and store
ephemeris data).
In Hotstart, the receiver can announce in advance the currently visible satellites, and is
therefore able to quickly obtain and track the signal. Due to the fact that ephemeris is
already known, there is no need to wait for the ephemeris broadcast to complete.
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5
GSM and GPS antenna interfaces
5.1
GSM antenna installation
The RF interface has an impedance of 50Ω. XT55 is capable of sustaining a total mismatch
at the antenna connector or pad without any damage, even when transmitting at maximum
RF power.
The external antenna must be matched properly to achieve best performance regarding
radiated power, DC-power consumption and harmonic suppression. Matching networks are
not included on the XT55 PCB and should be placed in the host application.
Regarding the return loss XT55 provides the following values:
Table 20: Return loss
State of module
Return loss of module
Recommended return loss of application
Receive
> 8dB
> 12dB
Transmit
not applicable
> 12dB
Idle
< 5dB
not applicable
The connection of the antenna or other equipment must be decoupled from DC voltage.
5.1.1
GSM antenna connector
To suit the physical design of individual applications XT55 offers two alternative approaches
to connecting the GSM antenna:
· Recommended approach: U.FL-R-SMT antenna connector from Hirose assembled on
the component side of the PCB (top view on XT55). See Chapter 5.3 for details.
· Antenna pad and grounding plane placed on the bottom side. See Chapter 5.1.2.
Antenna ground
Antenna pad
Figure 33: U.FL-R-SMT connector
Figure 34: Antenna pad and GND plane
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The U.FL-R-SMT connector has been chosen as antenna reference point (ARP) for the
Siemens reference equipment submitted to type approve XT55. All RF data specified
throughout this manual are related to the ARP. For compliance with the test results of the
Siemens type approval you are advised to give priority to the connector, rather than using
the antenna pad.
IMPORTANT: Both solutions can only be applied alternatively. This means, whenever an
antenna is plugged to the Hirose connector, the pad must not be used. Vice versa, if the
antenna is connected to the pad, then the Hirose connector must be left empty.
Antenna connected to Hirose connector:
Module
PAD
U.FL
Antenna connected to pad:
Antenna or
measurement
equipment
PAD
U.FL
50Ohm
50Ohm
50Ohm
Module
Z
Antenna or
measurement
equipment
Z
50Ohm
Figure 35: Never use antenna connector and antenna pad at the same time
No matter which option you choose, ensure that the antenna pad does not come into contact
with the holding device or any other components of the host application. It needs to be
surrounded by a restricted area filled with air, which must also be reserved 0.8 mm in height.
U.FL antenna connector
RF section
PCB
Antenna pad
Restricted area
Figure 36: Restricted area around antenna pad
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GSM antenna pad
The antenna can be soldered to the pad, or attached via contact springs. To help you ground
the antenna, XT55 comes with a grounding plane located close to the antenna pad. The
positions of both pads can be seen from Figure 52.
When you decide to use the antenna pad take into account that the pad has not been
intended as antenna reference point (ARP) for the Siemens XT55 type approval. The
antenna pad is provided only as an alternative option which can be used, for example, if the
recommended Hirose connection does not fit into your antenna design.
Also, consider that according to the GSM recommendations TS 45.005 and TS 51.010-01 a
50Ω connector is mandatory for type approval measurements. This requires GSM devices
with an integral antenna to be temporarily equipped with a suitable connector or a low loss
RF cable with adapter.
To prevent damage to the module and to obtain long-term solder joint properties you are
advised to maintain the standards of good engineering practice for soldering.
XT55 material properties:
XT55 PCB:
FR4
Antenna pad:
Gold plated pad
Suitable cable types:
For direct solder attachment, we suggest to use the following cable types:
· RG316/U 50 Ohm coaxial cable
· 1671A 50 Ohm coaxial cable
Suitable cables are offered, for example, by IMS Connector Systems. For further details and
other cable types please contact http://www.imscs.com.
5.2
Installing the GPS antenna
In order to receive satellite signals an additional GPS antenna must be connected to the
GPS part of the XT55 module. The position of the GPS antenna connector can be found in
Figure 37 and Figure 53. Recommended devices which can be mounted onto the Hirose
connector are available in Chapter 9.
Figure 37: GPS antenna connector (U.FL-R-SMT connector)
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Hirose antenna connector
XT55 uses two ultra-miniature SMT antenna connectors (GSM
and GPS antenna) supplied from Hirose Ltd. The product name
is U.FL-R-SMT.
The positions of both antenna connectors on the XT55 board can
be seen in Figure 51.
Figure 38: Mechanical dimensions of U.FL-R-SMT connector
Table 21: Product specifications of U.FL-R-SMT connector
Item
Specification
Conditions
Nominal impedance
50 W
Rated frequency
DC to 6 GHz
Operating temp: -40°C to +90°C
Operating humidity: max. 90%
Ratings
Mechanical characteristics
Female contact holding
force
0.15 N min
Measured with a Æ 0.475 pin
gauge
Repetitive operation
Contact resistance:
Centre 25 mW
Outside 15mW
30 cycles of insertion and
disengagement
Vibration
No momentary disconnections of
1 µs;
No damage, cracks and looseness
of parts
Frequency of 10 to 100 Hz, single
amplitude of 1.5 mm,
acceleration of 59 m/s2, for 5
cycles in the direction of each of
the 3 axes
Shock
No momentary disconnections of
Acceleration of 735 m/s2, 11 ms
1 µs.
duration for 6 cycles in the
No damage, cracks and looseness direction of each of the 3 axes
of parts.
Environmental characteristics
Humidity resistance
No damage, cracks and looseness Exposure to 40°C, humidity of
of parts.
95% for a total of 96 hours
Insulation resistance:
100 MW min. at high humidity
500 MW min when dry
Temperature cycle
No damage, cracks and looseness
of parts.
Contact resistance:
Centre 25 mW
Outside 15mW
Temperature: +40°C ® 5 to 35°C
® +90°C ® 5 to 35°C
Time: 30 min. ® within 5 min. ®
30 min. ® within 5 min
Salt spray test
No excessive corrosion
48 hours continuous exposure to
5% salt water
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Table 22: Material and finish of U.FL-R-SMT connector and recommended plugs
Part
Material
Finish
Shell
Phosphor bronze
Silver plating
Male centre contact
Brass
Gold plating
Female centre contact
Phosphor bronze
Gold plating
Insulator
Plug:
Receptacle:
PBT
LCP
Black
Beige
Mating plugs and cables can be chosen from the Hirose U.FL Series. Examples are shown
below and listed in Table 23. For latest product information please contact your Hirose
dealer or visit the Hirose home page, for example http://www.hirose.com.
Figure 39: U.FL-R-SMT connector with U.FL-LP-040 plug
Figure 40: U.FL-R-SMT connector with U.FL-LP-066 plug
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In addition to the connectors illustrated above, the U.FL-LP-(V)-040(01) version is offered as
an extremely space saving solution. This plug is intended for use with extra fine cable (up to
Æ 0.81 mm) and minimizes the mating height to 2 mm. See Figure 41 which shows the
Hirose datasheet.
Figure 41: Specifications of U.FL-LP-(V)-040(01) plug
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Table 23: Ordering information for Hirose U.FL Series
Item
Part number
HRS number
Connector on XT55
U.FL-R-SMT
CL331-0471-0-10
Right-angle plug shell for
Æ 0.81 mm cable
U.FL-LP-040
CL331-0451-2
Right-angle plug for
Æ 0.81 mm cable
U.FL-LP(V)-040 (01)
CL331-053-8-01
Right-angle plug for
Æ 1.13 mm cable
U.FL-LP-066
CL331-0452-5
Right-angle plug for
Æ 1.32 mm cable
U.FL-LP-066
CL331-0452-5
Extraction jig
E.FL-LP-N
CL331-0441-9
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6
Electrical, reliability and radio characteristics
6.1
Absolute maximum ratings
Absolute maximum ratings for supply voltage and voltages on digital and analog pins of
XT55 are listed in Table 24. Exceeding these values will cause permanent damage to XT55.
Table 24: Absolute maximum ratings (GSM/GPRS part)
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Voltage GSM_BATT+
-0.3
4.8
V
Voltage at digital pins
-0.3
3.3
V
Voltage at analog pins
-0.3
3.0
V
Voltage at digital / analog pins in POWER DOWN mode
-0.25
+0.25
V
Voltage at GSM_POWER pin
15
V
Voltage at GSM_CHARGE pin
15
V
Differential load resistance between EPNx and EPPx
15
W
Table 25: Absolute maximum rating (GPS part)
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Voltage at GPS_VCC
3.14
3.46
V
25
mA
Current at GPS_VCC_RF
6.2
Operating temperatures
Test conditions were specified in accordance with IEC 60068-2 (still air). The values stated
below are in compliance with GSM recommendation TS 51.010-01.
Table 26: Operating temperatures
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Ambient temperature (according to GSM 11.10)
-20
25
55
°C
-25 to -20
55 to 70
°C
-29
-18
>70
>60
°C
°C
0
+45
°C
Restricted operation
*)
Automatic shutdown
XT55 board temperature
Battery temperature
Charging temperature (software controlled fast charging)
**)
*)
XT55 works, but deviations from the GSM specification may occur.
**)
XT55 has the automatic shutdown set to 70°C at power class 5 (GSM900) GPRS class 8. This
prevents permanent damage to components on the board. Consider the ratio of output power,
supply voltage and operating temperature: To achieve Tamb max = 70°C and, for example, GSM
900 PCL5 the supply voltage must not be higher than 4.2V.
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Pin description
Please note that the reference voltages listed in Table 27 are the values measured directly
on the XT55 module. They do not apply to the accessories connected.
If an input pin is specified for VIHmax = 3.3V, be sure never to exceed the stated voltage. The
value 3.3V is an absolute maximum rating.
The Hirose DF12C board-to-board connector on XT55 is a 80-pin double-row receptacle.
The names and the positions of the pins can be seen from Figure 42 which shows the top
view of XT55.
GPS_VANT
1
80
GSM_EPN2
GPS_VCC_RF
2
79
GSM_EPP2
GPS_VCC
3
78
GSM_EPP1
GPS_VCC
4
77
GSM_EPN1
GSM_RXDDAI
5
76
GSM_MICN2
GSM_TFSDAI
6
75
GSM_MICP2
GSM_SCLK
7
74
GSM_MICP1
GSM_TXDDAI
8
73
GSM_MICN1
GSM_RFSDAI
9
72
GSM_CCVCC
NC
10
71
GSM_CCCLK
NC
11
70
GSM_CCDATA
NC
12
69
GSM_CCRST
NC
13
68
GSM_CCIN
NC
14
67
GSM_CCGND
GSM_RTS1
15
66
GSM_IGT
GSM_CTS1
16
65
GSM_EMERGOFF
GSM_RXD1
17
64
GSM_DCD0
GSM_TXD1
18
63
GSM_CTS0
NC
19
62
GSM_DTR0
GPS_GPIO15
20
61
GSM_RTS0
GPS_GPIO14
21
60
GSM_RING0
GPS_GPIO13
22
59
GSM_DSR0
GPS_GPIO10
23
58
GPS_TXDO
GPS_GPIO9
24
57
GPS_RXDO
GPS_GPIO8
25
56
GPS_SDI2
GPS_GPIO7
26
55
GPS_SDO2
GPS_GPIO6
27
54
GSM_CHARGE
GPS_GPIO5
28
53
GSM_POWER
GPS_GPIO4
29
52
GSM_BATT_TEMP
GPS_GPIO3
30
51
GSM_SYNC
GPS_GPIO1
31
50
GSM_BATT+
GPS_GPIO0
32
49
GSM_BATT+
GPS_SDI1
33
48
GSM_BATT+
GPS_SDO1
34
47
GSM_BATT+
GPS_BOOTSEL
35
46
GSM_BATT+
GPS_RFPCO
36
45
GND
GPS_RFPC1
37
44
GND
GPS_M-RST
38
43
GND
GSM_VDD
39
42
GND
GSM_VDDLP
40
41
GND
Figure 42: Pin assignment (top view on XT55)
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Table 27: Electrical description of application interface
Function
Signal name
IO
Signal form and level
Comments
GSM power
supply
GSM_BATT+
I
VI = 3.3V to 4.8V
VInorm = 4.2V
Inorm ≈ 1.6A (during Tx burst)
Imax< 2A
Power supply input.
5 GSM_BATT+ pins to be
connected in parallel.
5 GND pins to be
connected in parallel.
The power supply must be
able to meet the
requirements of current
consumption in a Tx burst
(up to 3A).
Sending with two timeslots
doubles the duration of
current pulses to 1154µs
(every 4.616ms)!
GND
1 Tx, peak current 577µs every 4.616ms
2 Tx, peak current 1154µs every 4.616ms
Charge
interface
GSM_POWER
I
GSM_BATT_TEMP I
VImin = 3.0V
VImax = 15V
Connect NTC with RNTC ≈ 10kW @ 25°C
to ground.
This line signalizes to the
processor that the charger
is connected.
If unused keep pin open.
Input to measure the
battery temperature over
NTC resistor.
NTC should be installed
inside or near battery pack
to enable the charging
algorithm and deliver
temperature values.
If unused keep pin open.
GSM_CHARGE
O
IGSM_CHARGE = -300µA ... -600µA
@ 3V < VGSM_CHARGE < VLOAD
This line is a current
source for the charge FET
with a 10kW resistance
between gate and source.
If unused keep pin open.
External
supply
voltage
GSM_VDD
O
GSM_VDDmin = 2.84V,
GSM_VDDmax = 2.96V
Imax = -10mA
CLmax = 1µF
Supply voltage, e.g. for an
external LED or level
shifter. The external digital
logic must not cause any
spikes or glitches on
voltage GSM_VDD.
Not available in POWER
DOWN mode.
GSM_VDD signalizes the
“ON” state of the module.
If unused GSM_VDD keep
pin open.
VDD Low
Power
GSM_VDDLP
I/O
RI =1kW
VOmax ≈ 4.0V (output)
Supplies the RTC with
power via an external
capacitor or buffer battery
if no VGSM_BATT+ is applied.
If unused keep pin open.
VImin = 2.2V, VImax = 5.5V (input)
IItyp = 10µA at GSM_BATT+ = 0V
Mobile in POWER DOWN mode:
VImin = 1.2V
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Function
Signal name
IO
Signal form and level
Comments
Ignition
GSM_IGT
I
RI ≈ 100kW, CI ≈ 1nF
VILmax = 0.5V at Imax = -20µA
VOpenmax = 2.3V
Input to switch the mobile
ON.
The line must be driven
low by an Open Drain or
Open Collector driver.
ON
Emergency
shutdown
(Watchdog)
GSM_EMERGOFF I
~~~
|____|
~~~
Active Low ³ 100ms
RI ≈22kW
VILmax = 0.5V at Imax = -100µA
VOpenmax = 2.73V
Signal
~~~
|______|
~~~
Active Low ³ 3.2s
Watchdog:
VOLmax = 0.35V at I = 10µA
VOHmin= 2.25V at I = -10µA
fOmin = 0.16Hz
fOmax = 1.55Hz
This line must be driven by
an Open Drain or Open
Collector driver.
Emergency shutdown
deactivates the power
supply to the module.
The module can be reset if
GSM_IGT is activated after
emergency shutdown.
To switch the mobile off
use the AT^SMSO
command.
To avoid floating if pin is
high impedance, use pulldown resistor tied to GND.
See Chapter 3.3.2.1.
GSM_EMERGOFF also
indicates the internal
watchdog function.
If unused keep pin open.
Synchronization
GSM_SYNC
O
VOLmax = 0.2V at I = 1mA
VOHmin = 2.35V at I = -1mA
VOHmax = 2.73V
Indicates increased current
consumption during uplink
transmission burst. Note
that timing is different
during handover.
Alternatively used to
control status LED (see
Chapter 3.12.2.2).
If unused keep pin open.
1 Tx, 877µs impulse each 4.616ms and
2 Tx, 1454µs impulse each 4.616ms, with
300µs forward time.
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Function
Signal name
s
mo b i l e
IO
Signal form and level
Comments
I
RI ≈ 100kW
VILmax = 0.5V
VIHmin = 2.15V at I = 20µA,
VIHmax=3.3V at I = 30µA
GSM_CCIN = high, SIM
card holder closed (no card
recognition)
GSM_CCRST
O
RO ≈47W
VOLmax = 0.25V at I = 1mA
VOHmin = 2.3V at I = -1mA
VOHmax = 2.73V
GSM_CCIO
IO
RI ≈10kW
VILmax = 0.5V
VIHmin = 1.95V, VIHmax=3.3V
Maximum cable length
200mm to SIM card holder.
All signals of SIM interface
are protected against ESD
with a special diode array.
Usage of GSM_CCGND is
mandatory.
SIM interface GSM_CCIN
RO ≈220W
VOLmax = 0.4V at I = 1mA
VOHmin = 2.15V at I = -1mA
VOHmin = 2.55V at I = -20µA
VOHmax = 2.96V
GSM_CCCLK
O
RO ≈220W
VOLmax = 0.4V at I = 1mA
VOHmin = 2.15V at I = -1mA
VOHmax = 2.73V
GSM_CCVCC
O
ROmax = 5W
GSM_CCVCCmin = 2.84V,
GSM_CCVCCmax = 2.96V
Imax = -20mA
GSM_CCGND
ASC0
interface
ASC1
interface
Ground
GSM_RXD0
O
GSM_TXD0
I
GSM_CTS0
O
GSM_RTS0
I
GSM_DTR0
I
GSM_DCD0
O
GSM_DSR0
O
GSM_RING0
O
GSM_RXD1
O
GSM_TXD1
I
GSM_CTS1
O
GSM_RTS1
I
VOLmax = 0.2V at I = 1mA
VOHmin = 2.35V at I = -1mA
VOHmax = 2.73V
VILmax = 0.5V
VIHmin = 1.95V, VIHmax=3.3V
GSM_DTR0, GSM_RTS0: Imax = -90µA
at VIN = 0V
GSM_TXD0: Imax = -30µA at VIN = 0V
VOLmax = 0.2V at I = 1mA
VOHmin = 2.35V at I = -1mA
VOHmax = 2.73V
VILmax = 0.5V
VIHmin = 1.95V, VIHmax=3.3V
IImax = -90µA at VIN = 0V
First serial interface for AT
commands or data stream.
To avoid floating if output
pins are high-impedance,
use pull-up resistors tied to
GSM_VDD or pull-down
resistors tied to GND. See
Chapter 3.3.2.1.
If unused keep pins open.
Second serial interface for
AT commands.
To avoid floating if output
pins are high-impedance,
use pull-up resistors tied to
GSM_VDD or pull-down
resistors tied to GND. See
Chapter 3.3.2.1.
If unused keep pins open.
Digital audio
interface
GSM_RFSDAI
I
GSM_RXDDAI
I
GSM_SCLK
I
GSM_TFSDAI
O
GSM_TXDDAI
O
XT55_hd_v00.02
VOLmax = 0.2V at I = 1mA
VOHmin = 2.35V at I = -1mA
VOHmax = 2.73V
If unused keep pins open.
VILmax = 0.5V
VIHmin = 1.95V, VIHmax=3.3V
IImax = 330µA at VIN = 3.3V
Page 89 of 116
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Function
Signal name
s
mo b i l e
IO
Signal form and level
Comments
Analog audio GSM_EPP2
interfaces
GSM_EPN2
O
VOmax = 3.7Vpp
See also Table 32.
The audio output is
balanced and can directly
operate an earpiece.
If unused keep pins open.
GSM_EPP1
O
GSM_EPN1
O
VOmax = 3.7Vpp
See also Table 32.
Explanation of signal names:
P = positive, N = negative
XT55 Hardware Interface Description
Confidential / Preliminary
Balanced audio output.
Can be used to directly
operate an earpiece.
If unused keep pins open.
GSM_MICP1
I
GSM_MICN1
I
RI ≈ 50kW differential
VImax = 1.03Vpp
See also Table 33.
Balanced microphone
input. To be decoupled
with 2 capacitors (CK =
100nF), if connected to a
microphone or another
device.
If unused keep pins open.
GSM_MICP2
I
GSM_MICN2
I
RI = 2kW differential
VImax = 1.03Vpp
See also Table 33.
Balanced microphone
input. Can be used to
directly feed an active
microphone.
If used for another signal
source, e.g. op amp, to be
decoupled with capacitors.
If unused keep pins open.
Antenna
power
GPS_VANT
I
Max. 8V DC
Max. 25 mA
Power supply for active
antenna; in case of 3V
antenna can be connected
to GPS_VCC_RF
Internal
antenna
power
GPS_VCC_RF
O
Typ.: 3.0V ±5% DC
Max: 25 mA
Regulates 3V output for
feeding a 3V active GPS
antenna
GPS power
GPS_VCC
I
Typ.: 3.3V ±5% DC
Max: 100 mA
Typ. 80 mA (without
feeding GPS_VCC_RF)
50 mV ripple
Digital Input / GPS_GPIO0
Output
I/O
CMOS 3.3V DC level
See Chapter 4.5
Digital Input / GPS_GPIO1
Output
I/O
CMOS 3.3V DC level
See Chapter 4.5
Digital Input / GPS_GPIO3
Output
I/O
CMOS 3.3V DC level
See Chapter 4.5
Digital Input / GPS_GPIO4
Output
I/O
CMOS 3.3V DC level
Output for Trickle Power
mode. Connect externally
to GPS_RFPC1. Usable as
LED control output, see
Chapter 4.7
Digital Input / GPS_GPIO5
Output
I/O
CMOS 3.3V DC level
See Chapter 4.5
Digital Input / GPS_GPIO6
Output
I/O
CMOS 3.3V DC level
See Chapter 4.5
Digital Input / GPS_GPIO7
Output
I/O
CMOS 3.3V DC level
See Chapter 4.5
Digital Input / GPS_GPIO8
Output
I/O
CMOS 3.3V DC level
Output for Trickle Power
mode. Connect externally
to GPS_RFPC0. Usable as
LED control output, see
Chapter 4.7
Digital Input / GPS_GPIO9
Output
I/O
CMOS 3.3V DC level
The pin provides 1 pulse
per second output
(T-MARK), see Chapter 4.7
XT55_hd_v00.02
O
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Function
Signal name
mo b i l e
IO
Signal form and level
Comments
Digital Input / GPS_GPIO10
Output
I/O
CMOS 3.3V DC level
See Chapter 4.5
Digital Input / GPS_GPIO13
Output
I/O
CMOS 3.3V DC level
See Chapter 4.5
Digital Input / GPS_GPIO14
Output
I/O
CMOS 3.3V DC level
See Chapter 4.5
Digital Input / GPS_GPIO15
Output
I/O
CMOS 3.3V DC level
See Chapter 4.5
GPS Reset
GPS_M-RST
I
CMOS 3.3V DC level
Active low reset input
Serial1 Rx
GPS_SDI1
I
CMOS 3.3V DC level
See Chapter 4.6
Serial1 Tx
GPS_SDO1
I
CMOS 3.3V DC level
See Chapter 4.6
Digital Input
GPS_BOOTSEL
I
CMOS 3.3V DC level
For re-programming the
Flash must be set to High
Digital Input
GPS_RFPC1
I
CMOS 3.3V DC level
Connect to GPS_GPIO4
Digital Input
GPS_RFPC0
I
CMOS 3.3V DC level
Connect to GPS_GPIO8
Serial2 Rx
GPS_SDI2
I
CMOS 3.3V DC level
See Chapter 4.6
Serial2 Tx
GPS_SDO2
0
CMOS 3.3V DC level
See Chapter 4.6
CMOS 3.3V level:
XT55_hd_v00.02
Input High
Input Low
=
=
2.0 – 3.3
0 – 0.8
V DC; I_leakage = 2µA
V DC, I_leakage = 2µA
Output High
Output Low
=
=
min. 2.4
max 0.4
V DC, Ioh= 2mA
V DC, Ioh= 2mA
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6.4
mo b i l e
Power supply ratings
Table 28: Power supply ratings (GSM/GPRS part)
Parameter
Description
Conditions
Min
GSM_BATT+
Supply voltage
Reference points on XT55:
TP GSM_BATT+ and TP GND
(see Figure 52).
3.3
Typ
Max
4.2
Unit
4.8
V
400
mV
Voltage must stay within the
min/max values, including voltage
drop, ripple, spikes.
Voltage drop
during transmit
burst
Normal condition, power control
level for Pout max
Voltage ripple
Normal condition, power control
level for Pout max
@ f<200kHz
50
@ f>200kHz
IGSM_BATT+
Average supply
3)
current
2
POWER DOWN mode
50
µA
@ DRX = 6
3
mA
IDLE mode
EGSM 900
15
mA
GSM 1800/1900
15
1)
EGSM 900
260
2)
GSM 1800/1900
IDLE GPRS
15
GSM 1800/1900
15
450
2)
GSM 1800/1900
DATA mode GPRS,
1)
(3 Rx, 2 Tx)
EGSM 900
GSM 1800/1900
Power control level
1)
Power control level PCL 5
2)
Power control level PCL 0
3)
All average supply current values @ IGSM_VDD = 0mA
1)
Page 92 of 116
mA
mA
330
450
2)
mA
180
EGSM 900
DATA mode GPRS,
1)
(4 Rx, 1 Tx)
GSM 900
XT55_hd_v00.02
100
SLEEP mode
TALK mode
Peak supply
current (during
transmission slot
every 4.6ms)
mV
mA
330
1.6
A
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mo b i l e
Table 29: Power supply ratings (GPS part)
Parameter Description
Conditions
GPS_VCC Supply voltage
IGPS_VCC
Average supply
current
XT55_hd_v00.02
Min
3.14
Continuous mode (without antenna
feeding on GPS_VCC_RF)
Page 93 of 116
Typ
Max
Unit
3.3
3.46
V
80
100
mA
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6.5
mo b i l e
Current consumption during GSM/GPRS transmit burst
The diagrams provided in Figure 48 and Figure 49 illustrate the typical current consumption
of the application caused during a transmit burst. The typical peak current is shown vs. the
power control level for 900 MHz, 1800 MHz and 1900 MHz and vs. the return loss of the
antenna.
Test conditions: All measurements have been performed at Tamb= 25°C, VGSM_BATT+ nom =
4.1V. Reference points for measuring the voltage are the GSM_BATT+ and GND test points
on the back side of the module. The curves are for one TX slot (for example a voice call,
CSD call or Class 8 GPRS). Curves for Class 10 GPRS activities (2 TX slots) are shown too.
Changing the conditions, e.g. in terms of temperature or voltage, will cause different results.
Average Current GSM900 (VBATT+=4.1V)
0.5
0.45
0.4 0.43
1 TX - Average Current
2 TX - Average Current
Current (Amps)
0.35
0.33
0.3
0.25
0.25
0.23
0.2
0.21
0.15
0.16
0.15
0.1
0.11
0.14
0.13
0.10
0.10
0.05
0
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
Power Control Level
Figure 43: Typical current consumption vs. return loss in EGSM 900 network
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mo b i l e
Average Current DCS1800 (VBATT+=4.1V)
0.3
0.25
0.26
1 TX - Average Current
2 TX - Average Current
Current (Amps)
0.2
0.19
0.15
0.18
0.16
0.14
0.13
0.13
0.1
0.12
0.10
0.10
0.05
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Power Control Level
Figure 44: Typical current consumption vs. return loss in GSM 1800 network
Average Current PCS1900 (VBATT+=4.1V)
0.3
0.29
0.25
1 TX - Average Current
2 TX - Average Current
Current (Amps)
0.2
0.15
0.21
0.17
0.17
0.14
0.13
0.13
0.12
0.1
0.11
0.10
0.05
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Power Control Level
Figure 45: Typical current consumption vs. return loss in GSM 1900 network
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mo b i l e
Burst Current GSM900 (VBATT+=4.1V)
1.8
1.6
1.6
1.4
1 TX - Peak current
1.2
Current (Amps)
1.24
1
0.8
0.6
0.68
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.28
0
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
Power Control Level
Figure 46: Peak current consumption during transmit burst in EGSM 900 network
Burst Current DCS1800 (VBATT+=4.1V)
1
0.9
0.8
1 TX - Peak current
0.84
Current (Amps)
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.52
0.4
0.38
0.3
0.27
0.2
0.24
0.1
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Power Control Level
Figure 47: Peak current consumption during transmit burst in GSM 1800 network
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mo b i l e
Burst Current PCS1900 (VBATT+=4.1V)
1
0.92
0.9
0.8
1 TX - Peak current
Current (Amps)
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.42
0.3
0.3
0.24
0.2
0.1
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Power Control Level
Test conditions: Tamb= 25°C, VGSM_BATT+ nom = 4.1V
Figure 48: Peak current consumption during transmit burst in GSM 1900 network
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mo b i l e
1600
Service mode GSM900 ch.124
Variations in current with 0.4dB return
loss (all phases)
1400
1200
Current (mA)
1000
ch.124 PCL5
800
600
400
200
0
Burst (max)
Burst (min)
Average Current (Max)
Average Current (Min)
1000
Service mode PCS1900 ch.661
Variations in current with 0.6dB return
loss (all phases)
900
800
700
Current (mA)
600
ch.661 PCL0
500
400
300
200
100
0
Burst (max)
Burst (min)
Average Current (Max)
Average Current (Min)
Test conditions: Tamb= 25°C, VGSM_BATT+ nom = 4.1V measured at TP GSM_BATT+ and GND, 1 TX slot
Figure 49: Typical current consumption vs. return loss
XT55_hd_v00.02
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mo b i l e
6.6
Electrical characteristics of the voiceband part
6.6.1
Setting audio parameters by AT commands
The audio modes 2 to 6 can be adjusted according to the parameters listed below. Each
audio mode is assigned a separate set of parameters.
Table 30: Audio parameters adjustable by AT command
Parameter
Influence to
Range
Gain range
Calculation
inBbcGain
MICP/MICN analog amplifier gain of
baseband controller before ADC
0...7
0...42dB
6dB steps
inCalibrate
digital attenuation of input signal
after ADC
0...32767 -∞...0dB
20 * log
(inCalibrate/
32768)
outBbcGain
EPP/EPN analog output gain of
baseband controller after DAC
0...3
6dB steps
outCalibrate[n]
n = 0...4
digital attenuation of output signal
after speech decoder, before
summation of sidetone and DAC
0...32767 -∞...+6dB
20 * log (2 *
outCalibrate[n]/
32768)
0...32767 -∞...0dB
20 * log
(sideTone/
32768)
0...-18dB
present for each volume step[n]
sideTone
digital attenuation of sidetone
is corrected internally by outBbcGain
to obtain a constant sidetone
independent of output volume
Note: The parameters inCalibrate, outCalibrate and sideTone accept also values from 32768
to 65535. These values are internally truncated to 32767.
XT55_hd_v00.02
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6.6.2
mo b i l e
Audio programming model
The audio programming model shows how the signal path can be influenced by varying the
AT command parameters. The model is the same for all three interfaces, except for the
parameters <outBbcGain> and <inBbcGain> which cannot be modified if the digital audio
interface is being used, since in this case the DAC is switched off.
The parameters inBbcGain and inCalibrate can be set with AT^SNFI. All the other
parameters are adjusted with AT^SNFO.
GSM_MIC1
<mic>
2.65V
1k
<inCalibrate>
1k
GSM_MIC
-¥...0dB
A
10uF
1k
D
<inBbcGain>
Speech coder
+0...42dB in 6dB steps
1k
GSM_RFSDAI, GSM_RXDDAI
<sideTone>
<io>
<ep>
<outBbcGain>
D
A
+
Speech decoder
<outCalibrate[n]>
neg. gain (attenuation)
0dB; -6db, -12dB; -18dB
n = 0...4
AT parameters are given in brackets <…>
and marked red and italic.
GSM_TFSDAI, GSM_TXDDAI
Figure 50: AT audio programming model
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6.6.3
mo b i l e
Characteristics of audio modes
The electrical characteristics of the voiceband part depend on the current audio mode set
with the AT^SNFS command.
Table 31: Voiceband characteristics (typical)
Audio mode no.
AT^SNFS=
1 (Default
settings, not
adjustable)
2
3
4
5
6
Name
Default
Handset
Basic
Handsfree
Headset
User
Handset
Plain
Codec 1
Plain
Codec 2
Purpose
DSB with
Votronic
handset
Siemens Car
Kit Portable
Siemens
Headset
DSB with
individual
handset
Direct
access to
speech
coder
Direct
access to
speech
coder
Gain setting via AT
command. Defaults:
inBbcGain
outBbcGain
Fix
Adjustable
Adjustable
Adjustable
Adjustable
Adjustable
4 (24dB)
1 (-6dB)
2 (12dB)
1 (-6dB)
5 (30dB)
2 (-12dB)
4 (24dB)
1 (-6dB)
0 (0dB)
0 (0dB)
0 (0dB)
0 (0dB)
Default audio
interface
1
2
2
1
1
2
Power supply
ON (2.65V)
ON (2.65V)
ON (2.65V)
ON (2.65V) OFF (GND) OFF (GND)
Sidetone
ON
---
Adjustable
Adjustable
Adjustable
Adjustable
Volume control
OFF
Adjustable
Adjustable
Adjustable
Adjustable
Adjustable
Limiter (receive)
ON
ON
ON
ON
---
---
1)
4)
Compressor
(receive)
---
OFF
---
---
---
---
AGC (send)
---
---
ON
---
---
---
Echo control (send)
Suppression Cancellation + --suppression
Suppression
---
---
Noise suppression
---
up to 10dB
10dB
---
---
---
MIC input signal for
0dBm0 @ 1024 Hz
(default gain)
23mV
58mV
7.5mV @
23mV
-3dBm0 due
to AGC
315mV
315mV
EP output signal in
mV rms. @ 0dBm0,
1024 Hz, no load
(default gain);
@ 3.14 dBm0
284mV
120mV
default @
max volume
300mV
284mV
default @
default @
max volume max
volume
895mV
895mV
3.7Vpp
3.7Vpp
Sidetone gain at
default settings
22.8dB
-2.5dB
@
sideTone
3)
= 8192
-2.5dB
@
sideTone
3)
= 8192
2)
1)
2)
3)
-∞ dB
Affected by
AGC, 13dB
@ 7.5mV
(MIC)
22.8dB
Adaptive, receive volume increases with higher ambient noise level. The compressor can be
activated by loading an application specific audio parameter set (see [10]).
In audio modes with noise reduction, the microphone input signal for 0dBm0 shall be measured
with a sine burst signal for a tone duration of 5 seconds and a pause of 2 sec. The sine signal
appears as noise and, after approx. 12 sec, is attenuated by the noise reduction by up to 10dB.
See AT^SNFO command in [1].
XT55_hd_v00.02
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4)
mo b i l e
Audio mode 5 and 6 are identical. With AT^SAIC, you can easily switch mode 5 to the second
interface. Therefore, audio mode 6 is only kept for compatibility to earlier Siemens GSM products.
Note: With regard to acoustic shock, the cellular application must be designed to avoid
sending false AT commands that might increase amplification, e.g. for a high
sensitive earpiece. A protection circuit should be implemented in the cellular
application.
6.6.4
Voiceband receive path
Test conditions:
· The values specified below were tested to 1kHz and 0dB gain stage, unless otherwise
stated.
· Parameter setup: gs = 0dB means audio mode = 5 for GSM_EPP1 to GSM_EPN1 and 6
for GSM_EPP2 to GSM_EPN2, inBbcGain= 0, inCalibrate = 32767, outBbcGain = 0,
OutCalibrate = 16384, sideTone = 0.
Table 32: Voiceband receive path
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Test condition / remark
Differential output
voltage (peak to peak)
3.33
3.7
4.07
V
from GSM_EPPx to GSM_EPNx
gs = 0dB @ 3.14 dBm0
no load
Differential output gain
settings (gs) at 6dB
stages (outBbcGain)
-18
0
dB
Set with AT^SNFO
Fine scaling by DSP
(outCalibrate)
-∞
0
dB
Set with AT^SNFO
100
mV
gs = 0dB, outBbcGain = 0 and -6dB
Ω
from GSM_EPPx to GSM_EPNx
Output differential
DC offset
Differential output
resistance
2
Differential load
capacitance
1000
pF
from GSM_EPPx to GSM_EPNx
Absolute gain accuracy
0.8
dB
Variation due to change in
temperature and life time
Attenuation distortion
1
dB
for 300...3900Hz,
@ GSM_EPPx/ GSM_EPNx (333Hz)
/
@ GSM_EPPx/ GSM_EPNx
(3.66kHz)
Out-of-band
discrimination
60
dB
for f > 4kHz with in-band test
signal@ 1kHz and 1kHz RBW
gs = gain setting
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6.6.5
mo b i l e
Voiceband transmit path
Test conditions:
· The values specified below were tested to 1kHz and 0dB gain stage, unless otherwise
stated.
· Parameter setup: Audio mode = 5 for GSM_MICP1 to GSM_MICN1 and 6 for
GSM_MICP2 to GSM_MICN2, inBbcGain= 0, inCalibrate = 32767, outBbcGain = 0,
OutCalibrate = 16384, sideTone = 0
Table 33: Voiceband transmit path
Parameter
Min
Typ
Input voltage (peak to peak)
Max
Unit
1.03
V
Test condition/Remark
GSM_MICP1 to GSM_MICN1,
GSM_MICP2 to GSM_MICN2
Input amplifier gain in 6dB steps
(inBbcGain)
0
42
dB
Set with AT^SNFI
Fine scaling by DSP (inCalibrate)
-∞
0
dB
Set with AT^SNFI
Input impedance GSM_MIC1
50
kΩ
Input impedance GSM_MIC2
2.0
kΩ
Microphone supply voltage ON
Ri = 4kΩ (GSM_MIC2 only)
Microphone supply voltage OFF;
Ri = 4kΩ (GSM_MIC2 only)
2.57
2.17
1.77
2.65
2.25
1.85
2.73
2.33
1.93
0
Microphone supply in POWER
DOWN mode
XT55_hd_v00.02
V
V
V
no supply current
@ 100µA
@ 200µA
V
See Figure 18
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6.7
mo b i l e
Air interface of the XT55 GSM/GPRS part
Test conditions:
All measurements have been performed at Tamb= 25°C, VGSM_BATT+ nom = 4.1V. The reference
points used on XT55 are the GSM_BATT+ and GND contacts (test points are shown in
Figure 52).
Table 34: Air Interface
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Frequency range
E-GSM 900
880
915
MHz
Uplink (MS ® BTS)
GSM 1800
1710
1785
MHz
GSM 1900
1850
1910
MHz
Frequency range
E-GSM 900
925
960
MHz
Downlink (BTS ® MS)
GSM 1800
1805
1880
MHz
1930
1990
MHz
GSM 1900
RF power @ ARP with 50Ω load
Number of carriers
Duplex spacing
E-GSM 900
1)
31
33
35
dBm
GSM 1800 2)
28
30
32
dBm
GSM 1900
28
30
32
dBm
E-GSM 900
174
GSM 1800
374
GSM 1900
299
E-GSM 900
45
MHz
GSM 1800
95
MHz
GSM 1900
80
MHz
200
kHz
Carrier spacing
Multiplex, Duplex
TDMA / FDMA, FDD
Time slots per TDMA frame
8
Frame duration
4.615
ms
Time slot duration
577
µs
Modulation
GMSK
Receiver input sensitivity @ ARP
E-GSM 900
-102
-107
dBm
BER Class II < 2.4%
GSM 1800
-102
-106
dBm
GSM 1900
-102
-106
dBm
1)
Power control level PCL 5
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Power control level PCL 0
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Electrostatic discharge
The GSM engine is not protected against Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) in general.
Consequently, it is subject to ESD handling precautions that typically apply to ESD sensitive
components. Proper ESD handling and packaging procedures must be applied throughout
the processing, handling and operation of any application that incorporates a XT55 module.
Special ESD protection provided on XT55:
Antenna interface: one spark discharge line (spark gap)
SIM interface: clamp diodes for protection against overvoltage.
The remaining ports of XT55 are not accessible to the user of the final product (since they
are installed within the device) and therefore, are only protected according to the “Human
Body Model” requirements.
XT55 has been tested according to the EN 61000-4-2 standard. The measured values can
be gathered from the following table.
Table 35: Measured electrostatic values
Specification / Requirements
Contact discharge
Air discharge
ESD at SIM port (GSM)
± 4kV
± 8kV
ESD at GSM antenna port
± 4kV
± 8kV
Indirect ESD to GSM/GPRS part
± 4kV
-
Indirect ESD to GPS part
± 4kV
-
ETSI EN 301 489-7
Human Body Model (Test conditions: 1.5 kW, 100 pF)
ESD at GPS antenna port
± 1kV
ESD at all other ports
± 1kV
Please note that the values may vary with the individual application design. For example, it matters
whether or not the application platform is grounded over external devices like a computer or other
equipment, such as the Siemens reference application described in Chapter 8.
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Reliability characteristics
The test conditions stated below are an extract of the complete test specifications.
Table 36: Summary of reliability test conditions
Type of test
Conditions
Standard
Vibration
Frequency range: 10-20 Hz; acceleration: 3.1mm
amplitude
DIN IEC 68-2-6
Frequency range: 20-500 Hz; acceleration: 5g
Duration: 2h per axis = 10 cycles; 3 axes
Shock half-sinus
Acceleration: 500g
DIN IEC 68-2-27
Shock duration: 1msec
1 shock per axis
6 positions (± x, y and z)
Dry heat
Temperature: +70 ±2°C
EN 60068-2-2 Bb
Test duration: 16 h
ETS 300019-2-7
Humidity in the test chamber: < 50%
Temperature
change (shock)
Low temperature: -40°C ±2°C
DIN IEC 68-2-14 Na
High temperature: +85°C ±2°C
Changeover time: < 30s (dual chamber system)
ETS 300019-2-7
Test duration: 1 h
Number of repetitions: 100
Damp heat cyclic
High temperature: +55°C ±2°C
DIN IEC 68-2-30 Db
Low temperature: +25°C ±2°C
Humidity: 93% ±3%
ETS 300019-2-5
Number of repetitions: 6
Test duration: 12h + 12h
Cold (constant
exposure)
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Temperature: -40 ±2°C
DIN IEC 68-2-1
Test duration: 16 h
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Mechanics
The following chapters describe the mechanical dimensions of XT55 and give
recommendations for integrating XT55 into the host application.
7.1
Mechanical dimensions of XT55
Figure 51 shows the top view of XT55. For further details see Figure 53.
Size:
Weight:
35.0 ± 0.15mm x 53.0 ± 0.15mm x 5.1 ± 0.2mm
11g
GPS antenna
connector
GSM antenna
connector
Figure 51: XT55 – top view
Figure 52 shows the bottom view of XT55 and marks the test points and pads for GSM
antenna connection.
Antenna ground
TP GSM_BATT+
Antenna pad
TP Ground
Figure 52: XT55 bottom view
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Board-to-board
connector
±0.15
3.0 ±0.2
3.5
3.6
3)
0.85
±0.1
17.5
2)
ø2.05
GSM_BATT+
+0.01
-0.04
Antenna pad
2.6
6.6
Identification
label GSM
5.10
Ground
±0.2
3.2
1.1
1.6
1) max. ø 3 mm mounting area
2) max. ø 3,2 mm mounting area
1.1
1.5
1.9
1.4
5.2
12.3
0.5
2.4
4.6
1)
9.5
2.0 +0.1
Identification
label GPS
Ground
53.0
2.0
±
0.15
20.2
19.2
14.7
2.3
3.3
2.5
2.5
2.3
3-LEFT
3.8
3) 3.5 x 3.3 mm mounting area
4-BACK
All dimensions in millimeters
Figure 53: Mechanical dimensions of XT55
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Mounting XT55 onto the application platform
There are many ways to properly install XT55 in the host device. An efficient approach is to
mount the XT55 PCB to a frame, plate, rack or chassis.
Fasteners can be M1.6 or M1.8 screws plus suitable washers, circuit board spacers, or
customized screws, clamps, or brackets. Screws must be inserted with the screw head on
the bottom of the XT55 PCB. In addition, the board-to-board connection can also be utilized
to achieve better support.
Particular attention must be paid to the holes marked with an arrow in Figure 52.
The two holes are close to other components of XT55 and care must be taken to avoid
contacting them. For example, you can insert plastic screws and plastic washers, or
fasteners small enough not to protrude beyond the mounting areas specified in Figure 53.
In case you wish to connect the host device using the mounting hole enclosed by the dashed
line it is strongly recommended to use a plastic dowel according to Figure 55.
Figure 54: Mounting holes on XT55
For proper grounding it is strongly recommended to use the ground plane on the back side in
addition to the five GND pins of the board-to-board connector. To avoid short circuits ensure
that the remaining sections of the XT55 PCB do not come into contact with the host device
since there are a number of test points. Figure 52 shows the positions of all test points.
To prevent mechanical damage, be careful not to force, bend or twist the module. Be sure it
is positioned flat against the host device.
All the information you need to install an antenna is summarized in Chapter 5. Note that the
antenna pad on the bottom of the XT55 PCB must not be influenced by any other PCBs,
components or by the housing of the host device. It needs to be surrounded by a restricted
space as described in Chapter 5.1.2.
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Figure 55: Recommended dowel
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Board-to-board connector
This chapter provides specifications for the 80-pin board-to-board connector which serves as
physical interface to the host application. The receptacle assembled on the XT55 PCB is
type Hirose DF12C. Mating headers from Hirose are available in different stacking heights.
Table 37: Ordering information DF12 series
Item
Part number
Stacking
height (mm)
HRS number
Receptacle on XT55
DF12B(3.0)-80DS-0.5V(81)
3.0
537-0733-9-81
Headers DF12 series
DF12D(3.0)-80DP-0.5V(81)
3.0
537-0803-2-81
DF12E(3.0)-80DP-0.5V(81)
3.0
537-0838-7-81
Notes: The headers listed above are without boss and metal fitting. Please contact Hirose for details on
other types of mating headers. Asterixed HRS numbers denote different types of packaging.
Table 38: Electrical and mechanical characteristics of the Hirose DF12C connector
Parameter
Specification (80 pin board-to-board connector)
Number of contacts
80
Quantity delivered
2000 connectors per tape & reel
Voltage
50V
Rated current
0.3A max per contact
Resistance
0.05 Ohm per contact
Dielectric withstanding voltage
500V RMS min
Operating temperature
-45°C...+125°C
Contact material
phosphor bronze (surface: gold plated)
Insulator material
PA , beige natural
Stacking height
3.0 mm
Insertion force
21.8N
st
Withdrawal force 1
10N
th
Withdrawal force 50
10N
Maximum connection cycles
50
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Figure 56: Mechanical dimensions of Hirose DF12 connector
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8
Reference approval
8.1
Reference equipment for type approval
The Siemens reference setup submitted to type approve XT55 consists of the following
components:
· Siemens XT55 cellular engine
· Development Support Box (DSB45)
· Flex cable (160 mm) from Hirose DF12C receptacle on XT55 to Hirose DF12 connector
on DSB45. Please note that this cable is not included in the scope of delivery of DSB45.
· SIM card reader integrated on DSB45
· Handset type Votronic HH-SI-30.3/V1.1/0
· PC as MMI
Antenna or 50 W
cable to system
simulator
Active GPS antenna
Antenna
cable
PC
GSM engine
DSB45
RS-232
Flex cable
160mm
GPS engine
GP
DAI cable for
acoustic measuring
SIM
DAI Box
Power supply
Handset
Acoustic tester
Figure 57: Reference equipment for approval
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Compliance with FCC Rules and Regulations
The FCC Equipment Authorization Certification for the reference application described in
Chapter 8.1 is listed under the
FCC identifier QIP
granted to Siemens AG.
The reference application registered under the above identifier is certified to be in
accordance with the following Rules and Regulations of the Federal Communications
Commission (FCC).
“This device contains GSM 900 MHz and GSM 1800MHz functions that are not
operational in U.S. Territories.
This device is to be used only for mobile and fixed applications. The antenna(s) used
for this transmitter must be installed to provide a separation distance of at least 20 cm
from all persons and must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other
antenna or transmitter. Users and installers must be provided with antenna installation
instructions and transmitter operating conditions for satisfying RF exposure compliance. Antennas used for this OEM module must not exceed 7dBi gain for mobile and
fixed operating configurations. This device is approved as a module to be installed in
other devices. Each OEM must obtain their own Certification for each device
containing this module.”
IMPORTANT: Manufacturers of mobile or fixed devices incorporating modules are advised
to
· clarify any regulatory questions,
· have their completed product tested,
· have product approved for FCC compliance, and
· include instructions according to above mentioned RF exposure statements in end
product user manual.
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List of parts and accessories
Table 39: List of parts and accessories
Description
Supplier
Ordering information
XT55 module
Siemens
Siemens ordering number: L36880-N8380-A100
Siemens Car Kit Portable
Siemens
Siemens ordering number: L36880-N3015-A117
DSB45 Support Box
Siemens
Siemens ordering number: L36880-N8301-A100
BB35 Bootbox
Siemens
Siemens ordering number: L36880-N8102-A100-1
Votronic Handset
VOTRONIC
Votronic HH-SI-30.3/V1.1/0
VOTRONIC
Entwicklungs- und Produktionsgesellschaft für
elektronische Geräte mbH
Saarbrücker Str. 8
66386 St. Ingbert
Germany
Phone:
Fax:
e-mail:
SIM card holder incl. push
button ejector and slide-in
tray
Molex
DF12C board-to-board
connector
Hirose
+49-(0)6 89 4 / 92 55-0
+49-(0)6 89 4 / 92 55-88
contact@votronic.com
Ordering numbers:
91228
91236
Sales contacts are listed in Table 40.
See Chapter 7.3 for details on receptacle on XT55
and mating headers.
Sales contacts are listed in Table 41.
U.FL-R-SMT antenna
connector
Hirose
See Chapter 5.3 for details on
connector, mating plugs and cables.
Sales contacts are listed in Table 41.
GPS antenna
Falcom
Ordering numbers:
U.FL-R-SMT
FAL-ANT-2 (combined dual band GSM antenna with
active GPS antenna)
FAL-ANT-3 (active GPS antenna)
To place orders or obtain more information please
contact:
Falcom Wireless Communications GmbH
Gewerbering 6
98704 Langewiesen
Deutschland
Telefon: (03677) 8042-0
E-Mail: info@falcom.de
Info: http://www.falcom.de
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Table 40: Molex sales contacts (subject to change)
Molex
Molex Deutschland GmbH
American Headquarters
For further information
please click:
Felix-Wankel-Str. 11
4078 Heilbronn-Biberach
Germany
Lisle, Illinois 60532
U.S.A.
http://www.molex.com/
Phone: +49-7066-9555 0
Fax:
+49-7066-9555 29
Email: mxgermany@molex.com
Molex China Distributors
Beijing,
Room 1319, Tower B,
COFCO Plaza
No. 8, Jian Guo Men Nei
Street, 100005
Beijing
P.R. China
Phone: +86-10-6526-9628
Phone: +86-10-6526-9728
Phone: +86-10-6526-9731
Fax:
+86-10-6526-9730
Molex Singapore Pte. Ltd.
Jurong, Singapore
Phone: +65-268-6868
Fax:
+65-265-6044
Phone: +1-800-78MOLEX
Fax:
+1-630-969-1352
Molex Japan Co. Ltd.
Yamato, Kanagawa, Japan
Phone: +81-462-65-2324
Fax:
+81-462-65-2366
Table 41: Hirose sales contacts (subject to change)
Hirose Ltd.
For further information
please click:
http://www.hirose.com
Hirose Electric UK, Ltd
Crownhill Business Centre
22 Vincent Avenue,
Crownhill
Milton Keynes, MK8 OAB
Great Britain
Phone: +44-1908-305400
Fax: +44-1908-305401
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Hirose Electric (U.S.A.) Inc
2688 Westhills Court
Simi Valley, CA 93065
U.S.A.
Phone: +1-805-522-7958
Fax:
+1-805-522-3217
Hirose Electric GmbH
Zeppelinstrasse 42
73760 Ostfildern
Kemnat 4
Germany
Phone: +49-711-4560-021
Fax
+49-711-4560-729
E-mail info@hirose.de
Hirose Electric Co., Ltd.
5-23, Osaki 5 Chome,
Shinagawa-Ku
Tokyo 141
Japan
Phone: +81-03-3491-9741
Fax:
+81-03-3493-2933
Hirose Electric Co., Ltd.
European Branch
First class Building 4F
Beechavenue 46
1119PV Schiphol-Rijk
Netherlands
Phone: +31-20-6557-460
Fax:
+31-20-6557-469
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