Bench Power Tools ML10001 Operator`s manual

General Safety
All power tools can be dangerous if both general and tool specific safety instructions are not followed carefully. General
safety instructions apply to all power tools, both corded and cordless.
Start with a Safe Work Area
Keep your work area clean and well lit. Cluttered
benches and dark areas invite accidents.
Do not operate power tools in explosive atmospheres, near flammable liquids, gases, or dust.
Power tools create sparks, which may ignite the
dust or fumes.
• Keep bystanders, children, and visitors away
when using a power tool. Distractions can cause
you to lose control.
Electricity can be Dangerous
Grounded tools (three pronged cords) must
be plugged into a properly grounded installed outlet.
Never remove or cut off the grounding prong or modify
the plug in any way. Do not use any adapter plugs.
Double Insulated tools have a polarized plug
(one blade is wider than the other.) This plug will
fit into an outlet only one way. Do not change
the plug in any way.
Do not use AC only rated tools with a DC power
Store battery packs away from other metal objects like paper clips, coins, keys, nails, screws,
or other small metal objects. These things can
make a connection from one terminal to the
other, shorting the battery terminals together
and causing burns or fire.
• When using a power tool, don’t touch grounded
surfaces such as pipes, radiators, ranges and
refrigerators. There is a higher risk of electric
shock if your body is grounded.
In damp locations, only plug your tool into a
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI). If the
work area does not have a permanent GFCI
on the outlet, use a plug-in GFCI. Wear rubber
gloves and footwear.
Don’t use or leave power tools in the rain or wet
Do not abuse the cord, carry the tool by its cord,
or pull the cord to unplug it. Keep the cord away
from heat, oil, sharp edges or moving parts.
Replace damaged cords immediately.
Always hold the tool by the insulated gripping
surfaces. Contact with hidden wiring or its own
cord will make exposed metal parts of the tool
“live” and shock the operator.
Rules about Extension Cords
• When using a power tool outside, use an extension cord marked for outdoor use with “W-A” or
“W”. These cords are made for outdoor use.
• Extension cords with 3-prong grounding plugs
must be plugged into 3-prong outlets when using
grounded tools.
• Replace damaged or worn cords immediately.
The wire gauge and length of the extension cord
must be able to handle the amps of the tool.
Find the Amps (A) on the tool’s nameplate and
use the chart to determine the necessary wire
gauge for your extension cord length.
Good Personal Safety is a Must
Following good safety practices when using all power
tools is a must. Make a habit of including safety in all of
your activities.
Always read and understand the tool’s operator’s manual, tool markings and the instructions
packaged with the accessory before starting any
• Stay alert, watch what you are doing and use
common sense when using a power tool.
Do not use tools when you are tired or under the
influence of drugs, alcohol, or medication.
• Dress right. Do not wear gloves, loose clothes or
jewelry. Contain long hair. Loose clothes, gloves,
jewelry, or long hair can be caught in moving
• Keep handles dry, clean and free from oil and
• Be sure the power tool’s switch is OFF before
plugging it in or inserting a battery pack. Do not
carry tools with your finger on the switch.
Remove adjusting keys and wrenches before
turning the tool ON.
Power Tool Institute | Phone: 216-241-7333 | Fax: 216-241-0105 |
• Always keep a firm footing when using power
tools. Be sure you have balance and control
before you start the job.
Use safety equipment. Always wear eye protection. A dust mask, non-skid safety shoes, hard
hat, or hearing protection must be used when
needed. The reference to “safety goggles” or
“safety glasses” in product specific sections
provides potential options - always refer to the
tool’s operator’s manual for the specific eye protection recommended, which should be marked
as complying with current national standards.
• Unplug tool/remove battery before changing
Keep hands away from rotating or moving parts.
Do the Job Safely
• Use the power tool accessories only for the jobs
for which they were designed.
Secure and support the workpiece. Use clamps
and a stable work surface. Do not hold the work
by hand or against your body.
• Keep guards in place and working properly.
• Do not force the tool. Use the right tool for your
job. It will do the job better and safer.
• Use only accessories recommended by the tool
manufacturer. Accessories that may be suitable
for one tool may become hazardous when used
on another tool.
Do not touch the drill bit, blade, cutter or the
workpiece immediately after operation; they may
be very hot and may burn you.
• If a method of dust collection is available with
the power tool, it should be used to reduce the
risk of dust-related hazards.
Maintenance Keeps Tools Working Safely and
• Do not use a tool if the switch does not turn it on
and off. It must be repaired.
Look at the tool before using it. Are moving parts
misaligned or binding? Is anything broken?
Damaged tools must be fixed before using them.
Develop a maintenance schedule for your tool.
• Maintain accessories carefully. Keep blades and
bits sharp and clean.
• Take your tool to be serviced by qualified repair
people. Service or maintenance performed by
unqualified personnel could result in a risk of
injury. For example: internal wires may be misplaced or pinched, safety guard return springs
may be improperly mounted.
• When servicing a tool, use only identical replacement parts. Follow instructions regarding
maintenance in the tool’s operator’s manual.
Use of unauthorized parts or failure to follow the
maintenance instructions may create a risk of
electric shock or injury.
• Clean and lubricate a tool only as directed in
its operator’s manuals. Certain cleaning agents
such as gasoline, carbon tetrachloride, ammonia, etc. may damage plastic parts.
• Maintain labels and nameplates. These carry
important information. If unreadable or missing,
contact the manufacturer for a replacement.
When Done, Store the Tools out of Harm’s Way
To avoid accidental starting, unplug the cord,
remove batteries or lock off the switch when the
tool is not being used, when changing accessories, and when adjusting or cleaning tools.
• Keep tools out of the reach of children and
people unfamiliar with the tools.
Power Tool Institute | Phone: 216-241-7333 | Fax: 216-241-0105 |
Grinders (Portable and Bench)
Grinders and sanders are highly versatile tools capable of accepting a variety of attachments and accessories that allow
the tool to be used for grinding, sanding, polishing, wire brushing or cutting-off operations. The proper guarding and safety
devices must be used with the accessories (e.g., the proper type of guard used with a certain grinding wheel).
Good Personal Safety is a Must
Following good safety practices when using a grinder is a
must. Make a habit of including safety in all your activities.
Always read and understand the tool’s operator’s manual, tool markings and the instructions
packaged with the accessory before starting any
Always wear safety goggles or safety glasses
with side shields complying with current national
standards, and a full face shield when needed.
Use the appropriate mask or respirator in dusty
work conditions.
Wear proper hearing protection, as needed.
Wear gloves and a shop apron capable of stopping small abrasive or workpiece fragments.
• Dress right. Do not wear loose clothes or jewelry. Contain long hair. Loose clothes, jewelry,
or long hair can be caught in moving parts.
• Crowded, cluttered work areas that can cause
tripping or loss of balance are particularly dangerous.
Do not operate the power tool near flammable
materials. Sparks could ignite these materials.
Choose the Right Tool and Accessory
Choosing the correct tool and the proper accessory
for your application can help to reduce the risk of serious injury. When used according to the manufacturer’s
instructions, the proper tool and accessory will do the job
safer and faster.
• Use the correct accessory for your tool. Check
this carefully: Does it fit the spindle of the power
tool. Be careful not to over-tighten the spindle
nut. Too much pressure will deform the flanges
and stress the wheel. Accessories with arbor
holes that do not match the tool will wobble, vibrate excessively and may cause loss of control.
• Always use undamaged wheel flanges that are
the correct size and shape to properly support
your accessory.
Make sure the speed marked on the accessory
is at least as high as the no load RPM marked
on the tool. Accessories running faster than their
rated speed can fly apart.
Do not use accessories that require liquid
coolant, unless your tool has been specifically
designed for operations with liquid coolant. Using water or other liquid coolants may result in
electrocution or shock.
Portable Grinders:
• Determine the type of tool needed for the job.
Portable grinders come in various types, such
as: “straight” grinders, “vertical” grinders or
“angle” grinders.
• Do not use a grinder that is too heavy for you to
easily control.
• When sanding, do not use excessively oversized
sanding disc paper. Follow tool manufacturer’s
recommendations when selecting sanding
Know your Workpiece
When it is recommended to use a guard with a
wire brush, do not allow the wire brush to rub
against the guard. The wire wheel or brush may
expand in diameter due to work load and spinning.
• Avoid working on small pieces of material which
can’t be properly secured. Injury could result
from small pieces being thrown by the spinning
• Wheels must be used only for their recommended jobs. For example, do not grind with the side
of a cut-off wheel. It will shatter.
Know what is behind a workpiece before you do
the job. Do not cut into existing walls or other
blind areas where electrical wiring, water, or gas
pipes may exist. If this situation is unavoidable,
disconnect all fuses/circuit breakers, and shut off
any water and gas lines feeding this work site.
• The outside diameter and the thickness of your
accessory must be within the capacity rating of
your power tool (e.g., don’t use an 8” wheel on a
7” grinder). Incorrectly sized accessories cannot
be adequately guarded or controlled.
Portable Grinders:
Power Tool Institute | Phone: 216-241-7333 | Fax: 216-241-0105 |
Before Grinding...
Before working with a grinder, make sure the tool and its
accessories are in proper working order. Failure to do so
may increase your risk of injury.
• Handle accessories carefully to prevent damage
or cracking. Do not use a damaged accessory.
• Before each use, inspect
• abrasive wheels for chips and cracks
• backing pad for cracks, tear or excess
• wire brush for loose or cracked wires.
• Test grinding wheels before
mounting. Tap the wheel lightly
with a nonmetallic implement
such as the handle of a
screwdriver. If it produces a
ringing sound, it is in good
condition. If it sounds dull,
replace the wheel. DO NOT
• Bench grinder wheels should be trued and
dressed when worn out of round, or the surface
face is clogged or worn smooth. This provides a
clean sharp grinding surface and rebalancing of
the wheel.
New bench grinder wheels should be balanced
by dressing and truing to eliminate vibration and
possible mishap. Check your operator’s manual.
Don’t operate a grinder unless you are certain
the grinder, its base and/or stand are securely
While Grinding...
Concentrate on what you are doing and be
aware of kickback (a sudden reaction to a
pinched or snagged accessory). Pinching or
snagging causes rapid stalling of the rotating
accessory. This forces the uncontrolled power tool in the
direction opposite the accessory’s rotation at the point of
binding. It can also cause an uncontrolled workpiece to
be thrown.
After inspecting and installing an accessory,
position yourself and bystanders away from the
rotating accessory and run the power tool at
maximum no load speed for one minute. Damaged accessories will normally break apart during this test time.
• For example, when using a portable grinder,
if an abrasive wheel is snagged or pinched by
the workpiece, the edge of the wheel entering
the pinch point can dig into the surface of the
material causing the wheel to climb or kick out
of the workpiece. The wheel may either jump
toward or away from the operator, depending on
direction of the wheel’s movement at the point of
pinching. Abrasive wheels may also break under
these conditions.
• Keep bystanders a safe distance away from the
work area. Anyone entering the work area must
wear personal protective equipment. Pieces of a
workpiece or a broken accessory may fly away.
• Kickback is the result of power tool misuse and/
or incorrect operating procedures or conditions,
and can be avoided by taking proper precautions.
• Be sure the tool switch works properly. Do not
use a tool if the switch does not turn it off when
returned to the off position.
Never place your hand near the rotating accessory. The tool may kick back.
• Tuck away or trim any loose
portion of a polishing bonnet or its attachment
Portable Grinders:
• Be sure the guard is
securely attached to the
tool and positioned for
maximum safety, so the
least amount of wheel is
exposed toward the operator during use.
• Position the cord away from the spinning accessory. If you lose control, the cord may be cut or
snagged and your hand or arm may be pulled
into the spinning accessory.
• Use special care when working on corners,
sharp edges, etc. Avoid bouncing and snagging
the accessory. Corners, sharp edges or bouncing have a tendency to snag the rotating accessory and cause loss of control or kickback.
Do not attach a saw chain, woodcarving blade,
or toothed saw blade. Grinders are not designed
for these types of blades.
• Do not “jam” a cut-off wheel or apply excessive
pressure. Do not attempt to make an excessive
depth of cut.
When using wire brushes, wire bristles are
thrown during ordinary operation. Do not overstress the wires by applying excessive load to
the brush.
Power Tool Institute | Phone: 216-241-7333 | Fax: 216-241-0105 |
• When stopping a cut, switch off the tool and hold
the tool motionless until the wheel comes to a
complete stop. Never attempt to remove the
cutoff wheel from the cut while the wheel is in
• Do not restart the cut in the workpiece. Let the
wheel reach full speed and then carefully reenter the cut.
Portable Grinders:
• Maintain a
firm grip
on the power
tool and position
your body
and arms
to allow you to
resist kickback forces.
Always use an auxiliary
(side) handle, if provided, for maximum control
over kickback or a torque reaction during startup. The operator can control torque reactions or
kickback forces, if proper precautions are taken.
• Do not position your body in the area where the
power tool will move if kickback occurs. Kickback will propel the tool in the direction opposite
to the wheel’s movement at the point of snagging.
• Support panels or any oversized workpiece to
minimize the risk of wheel pinching and kickback. Large workpieces tend to sag under their
own weight. Supports must be placed under the
workpiece near the line of cut and near the edge
of the workpiece on both sides of the wheel.
• When it is recommended to use a guard with a
wire brush, do not allow the wire brush to rub
against the guard. The wire wheel or brush may
expand in diameter due to work load and spinning.
Bench Grinders:
• On bench grinders, tool rests and spark guards
are adjustable to compensate
for wheel wear. They
must be reset when a
new wheel is installed or
after a wheel has been
worn or dressed. The distance between
the spark guard and the wheel should be
within 1/16”. The tool rest
should be slightly below
the center of the wheel
with 1/8” or less clearance from the wheel. This prevents accidental
jamming between tool rest and the wheel.
When Done...
Unplug, clean and store the tool in a safe, dry
place after use.
Never lay the power tool down until the accessory has come to a complete stop. The spinning
accessory may grab the surface and pull the
power tool out of your control.
• Do not run the power tool while carrying it at
your side. Accidental contact with the spinning
accessory could snag your clothing, pulling the
accessory into your body.
Regularly clean the power tool’s air vents. The
motor’s fan will draw the dust inside the housing
and excessive accumulation of powdered metal
may cause electrical hazards.
• Store accessories with care. Do not drop them
or subject them to excessive heat, cold or humidity.
Power Tool Institute | Phone: 216-241-7333 | Fax: 216-241-0105 |