_______
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
FOR
1
SEWING MACHINE
ZA• /
•
WHITE
•
Call Toll Free
800-331-3164
www.whitesewing.com
1
I
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POLARIZED PLUGS CAUTION
This product is equipped with a polarized alternatir
current line plug (a plug having one blade wider th
the other). This plug will fit into the power outlet on
one way. This is a safety feature. If you are unable
insert the plug fully into the outlet, try reversing the piLi
If the plug should still fail to fit, contact an eiectrici
to replace the obsolete outlet. Do not defeat the safe
purpose of the polarized plug.
WHITE SEWING MACHINE COMPANY
Record in space provided below the Serial No. and
Model No. of this appliance.
The Serial No. is located on Bed Plate.
The Model No. is located on Rating Plate.
Serial No.
Model No.
Retain these numbers for future reference.
iMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
basic safety precautions should always be
When using an electrical appliance,
folowed, including the following:
Read all instructions before using
(this sewing machine)
ric shock:
To reduce the risk of elect
ER
NG
DA
in.
Always unplug this
d
plugge
when
ded
unatten
left
be
never
An appliance should
using and before cleaning.
appliance from the electric outlet immediately after
same type rated 15 watts.
with
Always unplug before relamping, Replace bulb
WARNING
To reduce the risk of burns, fire,
electric shock, or injury to persons:
case, and the
Operate sewing machine only when mounted in sewing machine table,
tions.
like. See the installation instruc
atention is necessary when this appliance
1. Do not allow to be used as a toy. Close
is used by or near children.
as described in this manual. Use only
2. Use this appliance only for its intended use
acturer as contained in this manual.
attachments recommended by the manuf
ed cord or plug, if it is not working
damag
a
it
has
if
3. Never operate this appliance
or dropped into water, Return the,
properly, if it has been dropped or damaged,
center for examination, repair.
service
or
appliance to the nearest authorized dealer
ent,
electncal or mechanical adjustm
air openings blocked, iaeo ventilation open
4. Never operate the appliance with any
free from the accumulation of :nt,
ings of the sewing machine and foot controller
dust, and loose cloth.
ocening.
5. Never drop or insert any ooject into any
6. Do not use outdoors.
ts are being used or wnere oxygen is
7. Do not operate where aerosol (spray) produc
being administered.
(0’) position, then ‘emove plug from
8. To disconnect, turn all controls to the off
outlet.
, grasp the plug, not the Cord.
9. Do not unplug by pulling on cord. To unplug
l care is recuired around the sewing
10. Keeo fingers away from all moving parts. Specia
machine needle.
wrong plate can cause the needle to break.
ii. Always use the proper needle plate. The
12. Do riot use bent needles.
it to
stitching. It may deflect the needle causing
13. Do not pull or push fabric while
break.
any adjustments in the needle area,
Unplug the sewing machine when making
, threading bobbin, or changing
needle
ng
changi
,
such as threading needle
presser foot, etc.
the electrical outlet when removing covers,
15. Always unplug sewing machine from
user servicing adiustments mentioned in the
other
any
lubricating, or when making
instruction manual.
14.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
CONTENTS
Name of Parts
.
1 & 2
Accessories
Before sewing (Power supply and Sewinct arrpl
4
Take out extension table free arm sewing
Winding the bobbin
5
.6
.
Removing bobbin case and bobbin
7
lnsertng bobbin into bobbin case
7
inserting bobbin case no shuttle, race
8
g
Threading upper thread & Twin needle threading
Drawing up bobbn thread
10
Changing sewing directions
11
Adjusting thread tension
12
Regulating the presser foot pressure
13
Drop feed
14
Chaiigtrg needle
15
Fabric, Thread, Needle table
Sewing pastern selector) and ooeration table
To start sewing
7
To finith seam
18
19
Straight siitch
19
Zigzag sewing
Overcasting
20
.
.
.
2C
Stretch stitch
21 & 2
Blind stitch
.
Button sewing
Binding
.
2.
.
Zipper sewing
Button hole sewing
Hemming
Twin Needle
Embroidery
2
2
2
Quilter
Seam guide
Maintenance (Cleaning and oilingl
Checking Performance Problems WHAT TO DO
2.
NAME OF PARTS (FRONT VIEW)
/
flEZ
11
0
Pattern selector dial
2 Take up ever
3 Tread tension dial
4 Tread guide for upper
1
threading
5 Presser foot
6 Shuttle cover
7 Handle
8 Spoolpir
9 Top cover
10 Stitch length dial
11 Reverse button
Face cover
12
—1—
/
p.,)
x
02
0
CD
0
C)
C)
Cu
>
Cu
CD
CD
0
0
CD
-ci
CD
CD
C)
V
3
C)
CD
CD
z
CD
CD
(DC
CD
:,
w
—
0
U)
0
V
CD
a-
C
0
CD
DC
9.
CD
V
V
0
V
V
CD
CD
z
02
0
0•
0’
CD
0
CD
0
0
0
Cr
rTi
m
ACCESSOR I ES
Bobbin
Spool pin felt
Button sew on foot
Zipper foot
Cording foot
1/4 inch piecing foot
Machine oil
Buttonhole cutter
Zigzag foot
(On machine)
,1
/
4,
‘Straight stitch foot
Blind stitch foot
Gathering foot
Narrow hem foot
Screw driver
—3—
I/
Buttonhole foot
Needles
#11 #14
BEFORE SEWING
1. Fit
the machine p’ug
nto
the machine.
2. Plug
the
machine
to
the
power supply.
3. Sewing speed can be varied
by the speed controller.
1. Remove or install lamp from
inside of face cover.
2. Open face cover in direction
of arrow.
3. Remove lamp by unscrewing
it counter clockwise.
4. Install a new bulb by screwrig it in clockwise.
15W
120V,
5. Use only a
(Max) “Hi-Light” brand re
placement sewing machine
Available from your
lamp.
Riccar stockist.
Important:
When leaving the machine unattended, servicing, changing lamps
or removing covers, disconnect from the supply by removing
plug from the socket outlet.
—4—
E
REMOVING EXTENSION TABL
4
ed use
To convert the machine from flat-b
ex
the
ve
to free-arm use simply remo
tension table as shown.
FREE-ARM SEWING
1. Especially useful when sewing
sleeves, pants leg, tubular
fabrics etc more easily.
2. To sew tubular just slip the
sleeve or pants leg on the free
arm as shown above.
3. This sewing machine can be
used as a flat bed machine,
.1
but easily converts to free
arm machine by removing the
extension table.
—5—
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WINDING THE BOBBIN
1 Release stop motion kn
2. Thread as shown.
3. Place bobbin onto spin
and hand-wind thread or
bobbin in an anti-clockw
direction for 5 or 6 turs
(When bobbin is filled re-tight
stop motion knob)
4iobbin
winder
spindle.,
4. Push bobbin winder spindle
against stopper, in directioti
of arrow, and depress foot
pedal.
5. When bobbin winding is comrn
pleted return spindle to its
original position.
Note:
If the bobbin winding should be
uneven (it is factory set) the
thread guide can be raised or
lowered to achieve the correct
winding.
Remove the top cover and adjust
with a suitable tool.
8—
REMOVING BOBBIN CASE AND BOBBIN
b.
Ic
to
is,
1. Raise needle to its highest
position and open the
shuttle race cover.
2.
hinged latch of
and pull bob
case
bobbin
of machine.
out
bin case
Open
3. Release the latch and bob
bin will fall out easily,
INSERTING BOBBIN INTO BOBBIN CASE
1. Pull off 5cm of thread
from bobbin and insert it
into bobbin case as shown.
2. Guide the end of thread
into slot.
Tension spring
3. Pull into slot and under
tension spring and draw
out about
10 cm of
thr
—7--.
/
INSERTING BOBBIN CASE INTO SHUTTLE RACE
Hinged latch
1. Ensure needle is at its highest position.
Pulling thread to the front, open the
latch of bobbin case and hold it.
2. Holding latch open, place bobbin case
onto centre pin in shuttle and release
latch.
—8—
THREADING UPPER THREAD
)
Thread the machine from A to G as illustrated.
A. Through the thread guide.
B. Between the tension discs.
C. Up and into the tension spring.
D. Into the thread take-up ever from right to left.
E. Down behind the thread guide.
F. Behind the needle clamp thread guide.
G. Through the needle from front to backFig. 1 & 2
also illustrates threading for twin needle sewing
\k
\
/
)
;/
(see page 27)
F
G
—9—
J
DRAWING UP BOBBIN THREAD
1. Hold upper thread with left
hand, turn the hand wheel
slowly towards you until the
needle goes down and comes
Then stop the hand
up.
wheel when the takeup lever
is at its highest position.
Lighiiy draw up the upper
thread will be brought up in a
loop.
4
2. Pull out both threads and
place them together under
presser foot to the rear of
machine.
—10—
CHA1JGING SEWING DIRECTION
S
1. Lower needle down into fabri
c and
raise presser foot, pivot the
fabric
arouqd the needle to change
direction
as desired.
L
_
//
4
2. Put down presser foot and
start to sew.
I
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—11—
ADJUSTING UPPER THREAD TENSLON
It is only normally necessary to adjust
the upper thread tension to achieve the
correct balance between the upper and
lower threads.
The higher the number on the dial the
greater the tension.
S
Correct
Incorrect
Inside of fabric
thread
EUPPer
Fabric
Upper thread
Bobbin thread
THREAD
LOWER
ADJUSTING
TENSION
Lower thread tension can be adjusted by
turning the screw on the bobbin case
slightly to the right (clock-wise) to
increase tension, (Anti-clockwise) to the
left to decrease tension.
As a general guide only, the user can achieve the correct
tension for normal sewing, by carefully suspending the
wound bobbin in its case by the thread. If the bobbin
and case immediately fall to the ground, the tension is too
loose and should be increased. The correct tension is
obtained when a slight jerk of the thread causes the bobbin
to drop a short distance only. If this action does not move
the bobbin the tension is too tight and should be loosened
until the desired effect is achieved.
—12—
increase
Decrease
REGULATING THE PRESSER FOOT PRESSURE
1. Adjust lever to desired pressure. For light fabrics use 3, for medium fabrics
use 12, for heavy fabrics use 1.
2. Insufficient pressure may cause poor feeding, skipped stitches, or difficulty
in guiding the fabric.
3. No. pressure adjustment is required when darning or sewing freehand
em brodery.
DROP FEED
A
Push feed lever down to drop feed below needle plate for darning,
embroidery, and button sewing.
B.
Push feed lever up to raise feed above needle plate for normal
Sewing.
—
13—
CHANGING NEEDLE
1. Raise needle ar to ts nichest position.
2 Loosen needle c:arnp screw and remove old needle.
3. With the flat side of the needle facing away from you,
insen needle as tr up as it will go.
4 Tighten the needle clamp screw securely
—14—
FABRIC
THREAD
NEEDLE
GUIDE
As a general rule use shorter stitch lengths on finer fabrics
and longer stitch lengths
with heavier fabrics, finer thread and needles with finer fabrics
and heavier thread and
needles with heevier fabrics. Use special ‘ball point’ or
stretch’ needles on difficult
stretchy fabrics.
15—
6
:
2
Freehand
Embroidery
Twin Needle
Button Hole
Straight Stretch
Stitch
Slant Overedge
except
ii
.c-_J
I1
II
Pttem
buIioflhoe
[1
Three step-Zigzag
Stitch
Blind Hem
Zig-Zag
Straight Stitch
qwa
-
I
21 1
311
?c<
Stitch Inqth
Not
Necessary
Pese, foot
SEWING (PATTERN SELECTOR) AND OPERATION TABL
E
ropf,s
TO START SEWING
Imoortant Hints
1.
Raise the take•up ever to its
highest position wher starting
and stopping
sewing.
2. Hold both threads about 10
cms to the rear of machine for
the first two to
three stitches.
3. Sufficient fabric should be
placed under needle before low
ering presser foot.
4. Depress foot/Speed control
and start to sew.
5. Test the machine stitches
on a scrap of fabric you plan
to use, adjusting the
machine for me length of stitc
h and tension suitable to you
r fabric.
Attention
1.
2.
3.
When turrting the hand wheel
manually, always turn it tow
ard you.
Guide the cloth gently with you
r hand.
To prevent breaking needle alw
ays stop with the needle out of
the fabric.
I
-17W
/
TO FINISH SEAM
4
1 Sew to the edge of seam.
for
2.Push the reverse button and sew in reverse
about 3-4 cms.
3iRaise need’e to its highest position.
rear of
4.Lift presser loot and pullut the fabric to
machine.
5.Cut threads as shown on the thread cutter.
Thread
—
18—
STRAIGHT STITCH
1. This type of stitching is the one used most frequently.
2. The zigzag presser foot can be used for both straight and zigzag sewing.
3. For sewing light fabric, use smaller stitch size and left needle position.
(Refer to page 16 for dial setting).
ZIGZAG SEWING
Pattern selector position.
EE
Zig-zag
stitching
is
a
general
purpose
stitch.
Satin stitching is a “closed up”, very short stitch
length, and
can be used for sewing initials,
patterns, applique, etc.
—19—
/
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OVERCASTiNG
Use these stitches for oversewing rough
edges.
STRAIGHT STRETCH STJTCH
III
III
Use this stitch with knitted.tricct or other
stretchy fabrics.
The stitch enables your seam to stretch
with out breaking the thread.
Ii is also a very strong straight stitch for
areas under stress.
—
20
—
______
BLIND STITCH
1. Fold fabric as shown.
/p
2. To finish seam as shown.
—
/
21
—
P°itiOfl
Needle is not piercing
edge of fold at all,
Needle is pierces edge
of fold too much,
EL
(A)
(B)
Correct seam
—22—
BUTTON SEWING
(Use drop teed see page 13)
I .Lcwer drop feed.
.
2.Piace buffoh presser foot in position and attach firmly
lower presser foot.
3.Place button between presser foot and fabric and
the needle enters
4.Manually turn hand wheel towards you ensuring that
into both holes of button without obstruction.
(Increase or decrease width setting).
5.Sew about 7 stitches.
6,Pull both threads to the underside and tie together.
BINDING
To sew fabrics edge to edge select
the multi zig-zag stitch.
—
-
.
.
—. .-.
/1
23
—
ZIPPER SEWING
‘
..
S.
Select straight stftch.
1. Zipper foot is designed to
\
sew close to a raised edge
preventing sewing on zipper
2. Place zipper foot in position
and attach firmly
3, Fold the fabric about 2 cm
and place fabric under foot
1. To sew the left side of zipper
set ihe zipper foot on the right
side of the needle.
2. To sew the right side of zipper
set the zipper foot on the left side
of the needle.
sew as illustrated.
—24
—
BUTTON HOLE SEWING
Select stitch length dial in area Indicated.
Pattern
selector dial
Settirgs
Steps
I
E
1. Set dial to “i” position.
2. Sew left side.
3. Raise the needle
4. Set dial to “2” position.
5. Sew 5-6 stitches.
6. Raise the needle
1 1
—
I
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7, Set dial to “3” position.
8. Sew right side.
9. Raise the needle
10. Set dial to “4” position.
1 1, Sew 5-6 stitches.
12. Raise the needle
I
L
Before sewing fit button-hole foot
as shown,
Cut buttonhole along centre with
cutter as shown.
—
25
—
.
-
HEMMING (optional)
3mm
1mmj
‘1
20mm
1. Raise the foot and the needle to its highest position. Replace the
foot with the
hemmer foot.
2. Fold over the fabric edge by about 3mm and place it under the foot. Secure
the
folded edge with a few stitches.
Take out the workpiece and draw the hem
into the hemmer foot by pulling the threads.
3. Lower the foot and sew the hem.
4. During sewing, fold the fabric to the left
a little and allow it to run into the
hemmer foot.
5. Make sure that the fabric does not move under
the right half of the foot. The
fabric must be fed into the scroll of the hemmer
sufficiently so that the workpiece edge runs freely through the groove under
the foot.
Only suitable materials can be used and some
practice may be necessary to acheive
best results.
—
26
—
1’iJIN NEEDLE
(optional)
I
J
Thread mhine as for normal
sewing passing both threads through
the same
procedure:
NB. Sewing width should not exce
ed the third widest stitch width, exceedin
g this
will result in breaking of need
les.
EMBROIDERY
(Use
feed see page 13)
Lower feed dog and move hoop
ed fabric slowly
drop
—
27
—
to form
the desired effect.
QUILTER
I
%•% -
1. Insert supporter of quilter.
2. Move quilter and adjust stitch &stance.
SEAM GUIDE
1. Use seam guide when sewing a long seam of regular
distance from edge of materal.
2. Set guide in hoie on bed, at right of needle plate,
and adjust distance.
3. Run machire with edge of material toucning
guide. Position cloth guide at an angle to rew a
curved seam.
—
28
—
___
MAINTENANCE (CLEANING AND OILING)
Raise needle to its highest position.
Take out bobbin case.
Turn latch knob A as illustrated.
Take off shuttle race cover.
Take out shuttle hook.
6. Clean and oil shuttle race and hook,
then replace in the reverse order.
I
A
C
Cleaning shuttle race
(A) Latch knob
(B> Shuttle race cover
(C> Shuttle hook
‘
Open face cover and oil points
md cated.
Cleaning feed dog
—
29
—
0
C.)
Puckering
Machine Jamming
Knocking Noise
Breadktn Bobbin
Thread
Breaking Upper
Thread
Breaking Needle
Fabric not
moving
PROBLEM
Feed dog down.
Machine not moving.
Stitch length dial in 0 position.
-.
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
--
—
—
—
—
Incorrect using fabric, needle, and thread.
Tension too tight.
Sewing foot pressure too strong.
Dust and thread in shuttle.
No oil.
Tight bobbin thread tension.
Incorrect setting of needle.
Improper threading.
Dust and thread in shuttle.
Needle bent.
Nicks or burrs on shuttle.
I ight upper thread tension.
Improper threading.
Light pressure on presser foot.
Incorrect setting of needle.
Needle bent.
Pullencj fabric.
—Incorrect using needle, thread and fabric.
Incorrect position of zigzag width dial.
—
—
—
PROBABLE CAUSE
—
—
Reset.
Regulating sewing foot pressure
Correct using fabric, needle and thread.
Clean shuttle.
Need oil.
Loosen bobbin thread tension.
Reset needle.
Rethread machine.
Clean shuttle.
completely.
Moving to correct position.
Rethread machine.
Loosen upper thread tension.
Replace new needle.
Replace shuttle, or polish off burrs
Reset needle.
Replace new needle.
Do not pull fabric.
Correct using needle, thread, and fabric.
Raise feed dog.
Moving stop motion.
Moving dial to 1.4.
Increase pressure on presser foot.
—
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—
—
—
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—
—
—
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—
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—
-
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CORRECTION
T TO DO
CHECKING PERFORMANCE PROBLEMS WHA