Qlink RD400 User`s manual

USER'S MANUAL
IMPORTANT NOTICE
This machine is designed and manufactured for OFF-ROAD use only. It is illegal and unsafe to operate this machine
on any public street, road or highway.
This machine complies with all applicable OFF-ROAD noise level and spark arrester laws and regulations in effect
at the time of manufacture.
Please check your local riding laws and regulations before operating this ATV.
USER'S MANUAL
INTRODUCTION
Congratulations on your purchase of the RD400. This manual will provide you with a good basic under standing
of the features and operation of this ATV.
This manual includes important safety information. It provides information about special techniques and skills
necessary to ride your ATV. It also includes basic maintenance and inspection procedures. If you have any questions
regarding the operation or maintenance of your ATV, please consult a dealer.
AN IMPORTANT SAFETY MESSAGE:
READ THIS MANUAL TOGETHER WITH TIPS FOR THE ATV RIDER CAREFULLY AND COMPLETELY
BEFORE OPERATING YOUR ATV. MAKE SURE YOU UNDERSTAND ALL INSTRUCTIONS.
PAY CLOSE ATTENTION TO THE WARNING AND CAUTION LABELS ON THE ATV.
NEVER OPERATE AN ATV WITHOUT PROPER TRAINING OR INSTRUCTION.
TRAINING IS AVAILABLE TO ANYONE WHO BUYS A NEW ATV.
THIS ATV, AND ANY OTHER ATV OVER 90cc, SHOULD NOT BE RIDDEN BY ANYONE UNDER 16 YEARS
OF AGE.
USER'S MANUAL
IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
FAILURE TO FOLLOW THE WARNINGS CONTAINED IN THIS MANUAL CAN RESULT IN
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations:
The Safety Alert Symbol means ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT!
YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED!
Failure to follow warning instructions could result in injury or
death to the machine operator, a bystander or a person inspecting or repairing
the machine.
A CAUTION indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid
damage to the machine
NOTE:
A NOTE provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.
Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death.
USER'S MANUAL
CONTENTS
1.Location of the warning and
specification labels
Safety information
3.Description and machine identification
1
5
11
Vehicle identification number
12
4.Control Functions
Main Switch
Indicator And Warning Lights
Handlebar switches
Throttle lever
Speed limiter
Front brake lever
Brake lever and rear brake leve
Parking brake
Drive select lever
Recoil starter
Fuel tank cap
Fuel cock
13
13
14
17
20
21
22
22
23
24
24
25
26
Starter (choke)
Seat
Storage box
Front carrier
Rear carrier
Front shock absorber Adjustment
Rear shock absorber adjustment
5.Pre-operation Checks
Front And Rear Brakes
Fuel
Engine Oil
Final gear oil
Differential gear oil
Throttle lever
Fittings and fasteners
Lights
Switches
Tires
How to measure tire pressure
Tire wear limit
27
28
29
30
30
30
31
33
34
36
38
38
39
39
39
39
39
40
41
42
USER'S MANUAL
6.Operation
Starting a cold engine
Starting a warm engine
Warming up
Drive select lever operation and
reverse driving
Engine break-in
Parking
Parking on a slope
Accessories and loading
7.Riding Your ATV
Getting to know your ATV
Ride with care and good judgment
Be careful where you ride
Turning your ATV
Climbing uphill
Riding downhill
Crossing a slope
Crossing through shallow water
Riding over rough terrain
Sliding and skidding
43
43
45
45
46
49
50
51
52
56
58
59
71
77
79
85
87
89
92
93
What to do if
What to do
8.Periodic Maintenance And
Adjustment
Owner’s manual and tool kit
Periodic maintenance/lubrication
Panel removal and installation
Engine oil and oil filter cartridge
Final gear oil
Differential gear oil replacement
Axle boots
Spark plug inspection
Air filter element cleaning
V-belt cooling duct check hose
V-belt case drain plug
Spark arrester cleaning
Carburetor adjustment
Idle speed adjustment
Va l v e c l e a r a n c e a d j u st m e nt
Throttle l ever adj ustment
Front brake pa d c he ck
95
96
97
97
99
101
102
107
110
113
113
116
119
119
120
121
122
122
123
124
USER'S MANUAL
Rear brake shoe inspection
Brake fluid level check
Brake fluid replacement
Front brake lever free play
Rear brake pedal and lever adjustment
Adjusting the rear brake light switch
Cable inspection and lubrication
Lubricating the brake levers and
brake pedal
Wheel installation
Battery
Battery maintenance
Fuse replacement
Replacing a headlight bulb
Headlight beam adjustment
Tail/brake light bulb replacement
Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting chart
9.Cleaning And Storage
A. Cleaning
B. Storage
125
125
127
127
128
131
132
133
134
136
137
137
139
142
143
143
145
146
146
148
10.Specifications
150
11.Noise Regulation
156
12.Warranty Information
158
USER'S MANUAL
LOCATION OF THE WARNING AND
SPECIFICATION LABELS
1
USER'S MANUAL
Read and understand all of the labels on your machine.
They contain important information for safe and proper
operation of your ATV.
Never remove any labels from your ATV. If a label
becomes difficult to read or comes off, a replacement
label is available from your dealer.
2
!
WARNING
IMPROPER TIRE PRESSURE OR OVERLOADING CAN
CAUSE LOSS OF CONTROL.
LOSS OFF CONTROL CAN RESULT IN SEVERE INJURY
OR DEATH.
OPERATING TIRE PRESSURE: Set with tires cold
• Recommended : FRONT : 25kPa, (0.25kgf/cm²), 3.6psi
REAR : 25kPa, (0.25kgf/cm²), 3.6psi
• Minimum
: FRONT : 22kPa, (0.32kgf/cm²), 3.2psi
REAR : 22kPa, (0.32kgf/cm²), 3.2psi
• Never set tire pressure below minimum. It could cause the
tire to dislodge from the rim.
LOADING/TRAILER TOWING
• Cargo or a trailer can affect stability and handling.
Read owner’s manual before loading or towing.
• When riding with cargo or lowing a trailer: Reduce speed
and allow more room to stop. Avoid hills and rough terrain.
• Maximum Vehiele Load:220kg, (485lbs) includes weight
of operator, cargo and accessories(and if applicable, trailer
ongue weght).
2
USER'S MANUAL
⑤
3
!
!
WARNING
WARNING
Improper ATV use can result in SEVERE INJURY
or DEATH,
NEVER
ride with passengers.
Riding with passenges
can cause a loss of control,
resulting in
SEVERE INJURY or
DEATH
ALWAYS USE
AN APPROVED
HELMET AND
PROTECTIVE
GEAR
NEVER USE
ON PUBLIC
ROADS
NEVER CARRY
MORE THAN
ONE PASSENGER
NEVER USE
WITH DRUGS
OR AL COHOL
NEVER operate:
• without proper training or instruction.
• at speeds too fast for your skills or the conditions.
• on public roads-a collision can occur with another
vehicle.
• with more than one passenger-passengers affect balance
and steering and increase risk of losing control.
ALWAYS:
• use proper riding techniques to avoid overtuming the
vehicle on hills and rough terrain and while turning.
• avoid paved surfaces-pavement may seriously affect
handing and control.
LOCATE AND READ OWNER,S MANUAL.
FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS.
3
USER'S MANUAL
6
⑨
7
⑥
!
WARNING
DRIVE SELECT LEVER
• Read owner’s manual carefully before operating.
• ATV MUST be stopped before shifting select lever.
• Shifting info or from reverse or park is impossible
without applying rear brake.
Operating this ATV if you are under
the age of 16increases your chance
of severe injury or death.
NEVER operate this ATV if lyou are
under age 16.
4
USER'S MANUAL
SAFETY INFORMATION
An ATV handles differently from other vehicles including motorcycles and cars. Acollision or rollover can occur quickly,
even during routine maneuvers such as turning and riding on hills or over obstacles, if you fail to take proper
precautions.
SEVERE INJURY OR DEATH can result if you do not follow these instructions:
Read this manual and all labels carefully and follow the operating procedures described.
Never operate anATV without proper training or instruction. Take a Training Course. Beginners should receive training
from a certified instructor. Contact an authorized ATV dealer .
Always follow the age recommendation: Achild under 16 years old should never operate anATV with engine size
greater than 90cc.
Never allow a child under age 16 to operate an ATV without adult supervision, and never allow continued use of anATV
by a child if he or she does not have the abilities to operate it safely.
Never carry a passenger on an ATV.
Always avoid operating an ATV on any paved surfaces, including sidewalks, driveways, parking lots and streets.
Never operate an ATV on any public street, road or highway, even a dirt or gravel one.
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USER'S MANUAL
Never operate an ATV without wearing an approved motorcycle helmet that fits properly. You should also wear eye
protection (goggles or face shield), gloves, boots, a long-sleeved shirt or a jacket, and long pants.
Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while operating this ATV.
Never operate at speeds too fast for your skills or the conditions. Always go at a speed that is proper for the terrain,
visibility, operating conditions, and your experience.
Never attempt wheelies, jumps, or other stunts.
Always inspect your ATV each time you use it to make sure it is in safe operating condition. Always follow the inspection
and maintenance procedures and schedules described in this manual.
Always keep both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the footboards of the ATV during operation.
Always go slowly and be extra careful when operating on unfamiliar terrain. Always be alert to changing terrain
conditions when operating the ATV.
Never operate on excessively rough, slippery or loose terrain until you have learned and practiced the skills necessary
to control the ATV on such terrain. Always be especially cautious on these kinds of terrain.
Always follow proper procedures for turning as described in this manual. Practice turning at low speed before
attempting to turn at faster speed. Do not turn at excessive speed.
Never operate the ATV on hills too steep for the ATV or for your abilities. Practice on smaller hills before
attempting larger hills.
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USER'S MANUAL
Always follow proper procedures for climbing hills as described in this manual. Check the terrain carefully before you
start up any hill. Never climb hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight forward. Never
open the throttle suddenly. Never go over the top of a hill at high speed.
Always follow proper procedures for going down hills and for braking on hills as described in this manual. Check
the terrain carefully before you start down any hill. Shift your weight back ward. Never go down a hill at high speed.
Avoid going down a hill at an angle that would cause the vehicle to lean sharply to one side. Go straight down the hill
where possible.
Always follow proper procedures for crossing the side of a hill as described in this manual. Avoid hills with excessively
slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight to the uphill side of the ATV. Never attempt to turn the ATV around
on any hill until you have mastered the turning technique described in this manual on level ground. Avoid
crossing the side of a steep hill if possible.
Always use proper procedures if you stall or roll backwards when climbing a hill. Maintain a steady speed when
climbing a hill. If you stall or roll backwards, follow the special procedure for braking described in this manual.
Dismount on the uphill side or to a side if pointed straight up-hill. Turn the ATV around and remount, following
the procedure described in this manual.
Always check for obstacles before operating in a new area. Never attempt to operate over large obstacles , such as
large rocks or fallen trees.Always follow proper procedures when operating over obstacles as described in this manual.
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USER'S MANUAL
Always be careful when skidding or sliding. Learn to safely control skidding or sliding by practicing at low speeds
and on level, smooth terrain. On extremely slippery surfaces, such as ice, go slowly and be very cautious in order to
reduce the chance of skidding or sliding out of control.
Never operate an ATV in fast flowing water or in water deeper than that recommended in this manual.
Remember that wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability. Test your brakes after leaving water. If necessary,
apply them several times to let friction dry out the linings.
Always be sure there are no obstacles or people behind you when you operate in reverse.
When it is safe to proceed in reverse, go slowly.
Always use the size and type of tires specified in this manual.
Always maintain proper tire pressure as described in this manual.
Never modify an ATV through improper installation or use of accessories.
Never exceed the stated load capacity for an ATV. Cargo should be properly distributed and securely attached.
Reduce speed and follow instructions in this manual for carrying cargo or pulling a trailer. Allow greater distance
for braking.
8
USER'S MANUAL
When transporting theATV in another vehicle, be sure it
is kept upright and that the fuel cock is in the"OFF" position.
Otherwise, fuel may leak out of the carburetor or fuel tank.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper handling of gasoline.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Gasoline can catch fire and you could be burned.
Gasoline is poisonous and can causeinjuries.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always turn off the engine when refueling.
Do not refuel immediately after the engine has been running
and is still very hot.
Do not spill gasoline on the engine or exhaust pipe/muffler
when refueling.
Never refuel while smoking, or in the vicinity of sparks, open
flames, or other sources of ignition such as the pilot lights
of water heaters and clothes dry-ers.
9
USER'S MANUAL
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Starting or running the engine in a closed area.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Exhaust fumes are poisonous and may cause loss of
consciousness and death within a short time.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always operate your ATV in an area with adequate
ventilation.
10
USER'S MANUAL
DESCRIPTION AND MACHIN IDENTIFICATION
1 Rear shock absorber assembly
spring pre load adjusting ring
2 Spark arrester
3 Storage box and tool kit
4 Spa rk plug
5 Front shock absorber a s sembly
spring pre load adjusting ring
6 Brake pedal
7 V-belt case
8 F uel cock
9 Ai rfilter case
10 Fuses
11 Tail/ brake ligh t
12 Front Shock absorber assembly
Spring Preload adjusting Ring
13 V-belt cooling duct check hose
14 Oil Filter cartridge
15 Engine oil dipstick
16 Rear brake lever
17 Left handlebar switches
18 Starter(choke)
19 Drive select lever
20 Main switch
21 Fuel tank cap
22 Right handle barswitch
23 Throttle lever
24 Front brake lever
NOTE:
The machine you have purchased may differ slightly from those shown in the
figures of this manual.
11
USER'S MANUAL
Vehicle identification number
The vehicle identification number is stamped into the frame.
① Vehicle identification number (front left side)
NOTE:
The vehicle identification number is used to identify your machine.
12
USER'S MANUAL
CONTROL FUNCTIONS
Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury
or death.
Main switch
Functions of the respective switch positions are as follows:
ON:
The engine can be started only at this position and the
headlights and taillight come on whenthe light switch is
on.
① Main switch
OFF:
All electrical circuits are switched off. The key can be
removed in this position.
13
USER'S MANUAL
Neutral indicator light “N”
Indicator and warning lights
This indicator light comes on when the drive select
lever is in the “N” position.
Reverse indicator light “R”
This indicator light comes on when the drive select
lever is in the “R” position.
①
②
③
4
③
Neutral indicator light “N”
Reverse indicator light “R”
Four-wheel drive indicator light “
Oil temperature warning light
”
14
USER'S MANUAL
Four-wheel-drive indicator light
This indicator light comes on when the 2WD/ 4WD
switch is in the 4WD position.
Oil temperature warning light ?
When the oil temperature reaches a specified level,
this light comes on to warn that the engine oil temperature
is too hot. If the light comes on during operation, stop the
engine as soon as it is safe to do so and allow the engine
to cool down for about 10 minutes.
NOTE:
Due to the synchronizing mechanism in the differential
gear case, the light may not come on until the ATV starts
moving.
The engine may overheat if the ATV is overloaded. If
this happens, reduce the load to specification.
Restart after making sure that the light is out. Continuous
use while the light is on may cause damage to the engine.
15
USER'S MANUAL
Oil temperature warning light checking method
Turn the main switch to "ON"and
the engine stop switch to
Oil temperature warning
light does not come on.
Oil temperature warning
light comes on.
Push shart switch with the
transmission in neutral.
Check engine oil temperature.
Oil temperature
warning light comes
on momentarily.
Oil temperature warning
light does not come on.
Oil temperature is low.
Oil temperature is high.
Allow to cool.
Engine oil temperature
and electrical circuit are
OK.Go a head with riding.
Ask a dealer to inspect the
electrical circuit.
16
USER'S MANUAL
Handlebar switches
Do not use the headlights with the engine turned off for
more than fifteen minutes.
the battery may discharge to the point that the starter
motor will not operate properly. If this should happen,
remove the battery and recharge it.
Engine stop switch “ / ”
Make sure that the engine stop switch is set to“ ”
before starting the engine. The engine stop switch
controls ignition and can be used at all times to stop the
engine, especially in an emergency. The engine will not
start or run when the engine stop switch is set to “ ”
① Light switch “ / /OFF”
② Engine stop switch “
/
”
③ Start switch “ ”
Light switch “ / /OFF”
Set the switch to “ ” to turn on the low beam and the
taillight.
Set the switch to “ ” to turn on the high beam and the
taillight.
Set the switch to OFF to turn off all the lights.
17
USER'S MANUAL
Start switch “
”
The starter motor cranks the engine when this switch
is pushed.
See starting instructions prior to starting the engine.
(See page 43 for details).
① Four-wheel drive switch “2WD/4WD”
On-command four-wheel drive switch “2WD
/4WD”
To change from two-wheel drive (2WD) to four-wheel drive
(4WD), stop theATVand set the switch to the 4WD position.
To change from four-wheel drive (4WD) to two-wheel drive
(2WD), stop theATV and set the switch to the 2WD position.
18
USER'S MANUAL
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Changing from 2WD to 4WD or from 4WD to 2WD while the ATV is moving.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
TheATV handles differently in 2WD than in 4WD in some circumstances.
Changing from 2WD to 4WD or from the ATV to unexpectedly handle differe ntly. This could distract the operator and
increase the risk of losing control and an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always stop theATV before changing from 2WD to 4WD or vice-versa.
19
USER'S MANUAL
Throttle lever
Before starting the engine, check the throttle to be sure
it is operating smoothly. Make sure it returns to the idle
position as soon as the lever is released.
Once the engine is running, movement of the throttle lever
will increase the engine speed. Regulate the speed of
the machine by varying the throttle position. Because
the throttle is spring-loaded, the machine will
decelerate, and the engine will return to an idle any
time the hand is removed from the throttle lever.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Malfunction of throttle.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The throttle could be hard to operate, making it difficult to
speed up or slow down when you need to. This could cause
an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Check the operation of the throttle lever before you start
the engine. If it does not work smoothly, check for the
cause.
Correct the problem before riding the ATV. Consult a
dealer if you can’t find or solve the problem yourself.
① Throttle lever
20
USER'S MANUAL
Speed limiter
The speed limiter keeps the throttle from fully opening,
even when the throttle lever is pushed to the maximum.
Turning in the adjusting screw limits the maximum
engine power available and decreases the maximum
speed of the ATV.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper adjustment of the speed limit er and throttle.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The throttle cable could be damaged. Improper throttle
operation could result.
You could lose control, have an acci dent or be injured.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Do not turn the adjusting screw out more than 12 mm(0.47 in).
Always make sure the throttle lever free play is adjust ed
to 3- 5 mm (0.12- 0.20 in).
①
Locknut
②
Adjusting screw
a 12 mm (0.47 in)
21
USER'S MANUAL
Front brake lever
The front brake lever is located on the right handlebar.
Pull it toward the handlebar to apply the front brake.
① Brake pedal
① Front brake lever
Brake pedal and rear brake lever. The brake pedal is located
on the right side of theATV and the rear brake lever is located
on the left handlebar.
Push down on the pedal or pull the lever toward the
handlebar to apply the rear brake.
① Rear brake lever
22
USER'S MANUAL
Parking brake
Use the parking brake when you have to start the engine
or park the machine, especially on a slope. Apply the
rear brake lever and push down the lock plate to apply
the parking brake. Squeeze the rear brake lever to release
the parking brake.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper use of the parking brake.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The AT V could s ta rt movi ng unexpe ct edl y i f the
parking brake is not applied before starting the engine.
This could cause loss of control or a collision.
The brake could overheat if you ride the ATV without
releasing the parking brake. You could lose braking
perfor- mance which could cause an accident.
You could also wear out the brakes pre- maturely.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always set the parking brake before starting the engine.
Always be sure you have released the parking brake
before you begin to ride.
① Lock plate
23
USER'S MANUAL
Drive select lever
Recoil starter
The drive select lever is used to shift your machine into
the forward, neutral and reverse positions.
(Refer to page 46 for the drive select lever operation.)
Firmly grasp the handle and pull slightly until engagement
can be felt. Then pull forcefully, being careful not to
pull the rope all the way out.
① Recoil starter
① Drive select lever
24
USER'S MANUAL
Fuel tank cap
Remove the fuel tank cap by turning it counter
clockwise.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Starting the engine without shifting into the neutral position.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The ATV could start to move unexpect edly, which could
cause an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Shift the drive select lever into the neutral position and
apply the parking brake before starting the engine.
1 Fuel tank cap
25
USER'S MANUAL
Fuel cock
The fuel cock supplies fuel from the fuel tank to the carburetor.
The fuel cock has three positions.
RES: This indicates reserve. If you run out of fuel the
carburetor. Normal riding is done with the lever
in this position.
ON: With the lever in this position, fuel flows to flow.
Always turn the lever to this position when the
engine is not running.
OFF: With the lever in this position fuel will not while
riding, turn the lever to this position.
① Arrow mark pointing to “OFF”
THEN FILL THE FUEL TANK AT THE FIRST
OPPORTUNITY. After refuelling,return the fuel cock lever
to the “ON” position.
① Arrow mark pointing to “ON”
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USER'S MANUAL
Starter (choke) “ ”
Starting a cold engine requires a richer air-fuel
mixture. Aseparate starter circuit supplies this mixture.
Move in direction a to turn on the starter(choke).
Move in direction a to turn off the starter(choke).
Refer to tarting a cold engine for proper operation.
(See page 43).
① Arrow mark pointing to RES
① Starter (choke) “
27
”
USER'S MANUAL
Seat
To remove the seat, pull the seat lock lever upward and
pull up the seat at the rear.
To install the seat, insert the projections on the front of
the seat into the seat holders and push down on the seat
at the rear.
NOTE:
Make sure that the seat is securely fitted.
① Seat
② Seat lock lever
① Projection ( I 2)
28
② Seat holder ( I 2)
USER'S MANUAL
Storage box
Maximum load limit: 2 kg (4.4 lb).
NOTE:
There is a check hose at the bottom of the storage box.
If any water collects in this hose, remove the hose,
empty it, and then install it.
To protect from damage, do not put metal products, like
tools or sharply edged products directly in the storage box.
If they must be stored, wrap them in appropriate cushion
material.
① Storage box check hose
① Storage box
29
USER'S MANUAL
Front carrier
Maximum load limit: 40 kg (88 lb).
Rear carrier
Maximum load limit: 80 kg (176 lb).
Front shock absorber adjustment.
The spring preload can be adjusted to suit the rider’s
weight and riding conditions.
Adjust the spring preload as follows.
To increase the spring preload, turn the adjusting ring
in direction a .
To decrease the spring preload, turn the adjusting ring
in direction b .
① Spring preload adjusting ring
② Position indicator
NOTE:
A special wrench can be obtained at a dealer to make this
adjustment.
Standard position: 2
1 - Minimum (soft).
5 - Maximum (hard).
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USER'S MANUAL
Rear shock absorber adjustment
The spring preload can be adjusted to suit the rider
weight and riding conditions.
Adjust the spring preload as follows:
To increase the spring preload, turn the adjusting ring
in direction a .
To decrease the spring preload, turn the adjusting ring
in direction b .
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper shock absorber adjustment.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Uneven adjustment can cause poor handling and loss of
stability, which could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always adjust the shock absorbers on the left and right
side to the same set-ting.
① Spring preload adjusting ring
② Position indicator
31
USER'S MANUAL
NOTE:
A special wrench can be obtained at a dealer to make this
adjustment.
Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious
injury or death.
Standard position: 2
1 - Minimum (soft).
5 - Maximum (hard).
① Special wrench.
32
USER'S MANUAL
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
Before using this machine, check the following points:
ITEM
ROUTINE
Front brake
Check operation, free play, fluid level and fluid leakage.
Fill with DOT 4 brake fluid if necessary.
Rear brake
Check operation, free play, fluid level and fluid leakage.
Fill with DOT 4 brake fluid if necessary.
Fuel
Engine oil
Check fuel level.
Fill with fuel if necessary.
Check oil level.
Fill with oil if necessary...
Fina l gear oil/
differential gear oil
Check for leakage.
Throttle
Check for proper throttle cable operation.
Wheels and tires
Check tire pressure, wear and damage.
Fittings and fasteners
Check all fittings and fasteners.
Lights and switches
Check for proper operation.
Axle boots
Check for damage.
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USER'S MANUAL
Front and rear brakes
Brake levers and brake pedal
Check for correct free play in the front brake lever. If the
free play is incorrect, have a dealer adjust it.
Check for correct free play in the rear brake lever and
brake pedal. If the free play is incorrect,adjust it. (See
pages 127--129.)
Check operation of the levers and pedal.They should
move smoothly and there should be a firm feeling when
the brake is applied. If not, have a dealer in-spect them.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to inspect the ATV before operating.
Failure to properly maintain the ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Increases the possibility of an accident or equipment
damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always inspect your ATV each time you use it to make sure
the ATV is in safe operating condition.
Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures
and schedules described in the Owner’s Manual.
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USER'S MANUAL
Brake fluid leakage (All brake)
Check to see if any brake fluid is leaking out of the hose, joint
or brake fluid reservoir of the front brake. Apply the brake
firmly for one minute. If the lever moves slowly inward, there
may be a leak in the brake system. If there is any leakage,
the brake system should be inspected by a dealer.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Riding with improperly operating brakes.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could lose braking ability, which could lead to an
accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always check the brakes at the start of every ride.
Do not ride the ATV if you find any problem with the
brakes. If a problem cannot be corrected by the adjustment
procedures provided in this manual, have a dealer check
for the cause.
Brake operation
Test the brakes at slow speed after starting out to make
sure they are working properly.
If the brakes do not provide proper braking performance,
inspect the brake pads and shoes for wear. (See page 123.)
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USER'S MANUAL
Fuel
Your ATV engine has been designed to use regular unleaded
gasoline with a pump octane number ([R+M]/2) of 86 or
higher, or research octane number of 91 or higher. If knocking
or pinging occurs, use a different brand of gasoline or
premium unleaded fuel.
Unleaded fuel will give you longer spark plug life and
reduced maintenance cost.
Make sure there is sufficient gasoline in the tank.
Recommended fuel:
UNLEADED GASOLINE ONLY
Fuel tank capacity:
Total:
13.5 L (2.97 Imp gal, 3.57 US gal)
Reserve:
3.3 L (0.73 Imp gal, 0.87 US gal)
Use only unleaded gasoline. The use of leaded gasoline will
cause severe damage to internal engine parts, such as the
valves and piston rings, as well as to the exhaust system.
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USER'S MANUAL
Gasohol
There are two types of gasohol; gasohol containing
ethanol and that containing methanol. Gasohol containing
ethanol can be used if ethanol content does not exceed
10%. Gasohol containing methanol is not recommended
by ATV because it may cause fuel system damage or
vehicle performance problems.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper care when refueling.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Fuel can spill, which can cause a fire and severe injury.
Fuel expands when it heats up. If the fuel tank is overfilled,
fuel could spill out due to heat from the engine or thesun.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Do not overfill the fuel tank. Be careful not to spill fuel,
especially on the engine or exhaust pipe. Wipe up any
spilled fuel immediately. Be sure the fuel tank cap is closed
securely. Do not refuel right after the engine has been
running and is still veryhot.
① Fuel level
② Fuel tank filler tube
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USER'S MANUAL
Engine oil
Final gear oil
Make sure the engine oil is at the specified level.
Add oil as necessary. (See pages 102--107).
Make sure the final gear oil is at the specified level.
Add oil as necessary.
(See pages 107--109 for details).
Recommended oil:
SAE 80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil.
In order to prevent clutch slippage (since the engine oil
also lubricates the clutch), do not mix any chemical additives.
Do not use oils with a diesel specification of “CD” or
oils of a higher quality than specified. In addition,do not
use oils labeled “ENERGYCONSERVING II” or higher.
Make sure that no foreign material enters the crankcase.
If desired, an SAE 80W90 hypoid gear oil may be used for
all conditions.
NOTE:
GL-4 is a quality and additive rating, GL-5 or GL-6
rated hypoid gear oils may also be used.
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USER'S MANUAL
Differential gear oil
Make sure the differential gear oil is at the specified level.
Add oil as necessary. (See pages 110--111 for details).
Fittings and fasteners
Always check the tightness of chassis fittings and fasteners
before a ride. Take the machine to a ATV dealer or refer
to the Service Manual for correct tightening torque.
Recommended oil:SAE 80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil.
Lights
Check the headlights and tail/brake light to make sure
they are in working condition. Repair as necessary for
proper operation.
Throttle lever
Check to see that the throttle lever operates correctly.
It must open smoothly and spring back to the idle position
when released. Have a ATV dealer repair as necessary
for proper operation.
Switches
Check the operation of all switches. Have a ATV dealer
repair as necessary for proper operation.
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USER'S MANUAL
Rear 25 kPa (0.25 kgf/cm2, 3.6 psi).
Check and adjust tire pressures when the tires are
cold.
Tire pressures must be equal on both sides.
3. Tire pressure below the minimum dislodge specified
could cause the tire to from the rim under severe
riding conditions.
The following are minimums:
Front 22 kPa (0.22 kgf/cm2, 3.2 psi).
Rear 22 kPa (0.22 kgf/cm2, 3.2 psi).
4. Use no more than the following pressures when seating
the tire beads.
Higher pressures may cause the tire to burst. Inflate the
tires very slowly and carefully. Fast inflation could
cause the tire to burst.
Front 250 kPa (2.5 kgf/cm2, 36 psi).
Rear 250 kPa (2.5 kgf/cm2, 36 psi).
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV with improper tires, or with improper
or uneven tire pressure.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Use of improper tires on this ATV, or operationof this
ATV with improper or uneven tire pressure, may cause
loss of control, increasing your risk of accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
1. The tires listed below have been approved by Motor
Co., Ltd. for this model. Other tire combinations are
not recommended.
Manufacture
Size
Type
Front
WD
AT25 I 8-12
M911Y
Rear
WD
AT25 I 10-12
M912Y
2. The tires should be set to the recom mended pressure:
Recommended tire pressure.
Front 25 kPa (0.25 kgf/cm2, 3.6 psi).
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USER'S MANUAL
How to measure tire pressure
Use the low-pressure tire gauge.
NOTE:
The low-pressure tire gauge is included as standard
equipment. Make two measurements of the tire pressure
and use the second reading.
Dust or dirt in the gauge could cause the first reading
to be incorrect.
Set pressure with tires cold.
Set tire pressures to the following specifications:
Recommended
pressure
Minimum
Maximum
25kPa
Front (0.25kgf/cm,
3.6psi)
22kPa
(0.22kgf/cm,
3.2psi)
28kPa
(0.28kgf/cm,
4.0psi)
25kPa
(0.25kgf/cm,
3.6psi)
22kPa
(0.22kgf/cm,
3.2psi)
28kPa
(0.28kgf/cm,
4.0psi)
Rear
① Low-pressure tire gauge.
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USER'S MANUAL
Tire wear limit
When the tire groove decreases to 3 mm (0.12 in)due to wear, replace the tire.
a Tire wear limit.
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USER'S MANUAL
Starting a cold engine
OPERATION
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Freezing control cables in cold weather .
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could be unable to control the ATV, which could
lead to an accident or colli-sion.
Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious
injury or death.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
OperatingATV without being familiar with all controls.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
When riding in cold weather, always make sure all
control cables work smoothly before you begin riding.
1. Apply the brake pedal.
2. Turn the fuel cock to ON.
3. Turn the main switch to ON a nd the engine stop
switch to “ ”.
4. Shift the drive select lever into the neutral position.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Loss of control, which could cause an accident or injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Read the Owner Manual carefully. If there is a control
or function you do not understand, ask yourATV dealer .
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USER'S MANUAL
NOTE:
Position 3: Cold engine start ambient temperature
above 25 ° C (80 ° F) and warm engine start position.
When the drive select lever is in the neutral position,
the neutral indicator light should come on. If it does
not come on, ask a ATV dealer to inspect the electric
circuit.
The engine can be started in any gear if the brake pedal
is applied. However, it is recommended to shift into
neutral before starting the engine.
5. Use the starter (choke) in reference to the figure:
Position 1 : Cold engine start ambient temperature
below 5 °C (40 ° F).
Position 2 : Cold engine start ambient temperature
at 0 ° C (30 ° F) 30 ° C (90 ° F) and warming up
position.
AMBIENT TEMP./STARTER(CHOKE)
POSITION
a Starter (choke)
① Fully open
② Half open
③ Closed
6. Completely close the throttle lever and start the engine
by pushing the start switch.
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USER'S MANUAL
NOTE:
If the engine fails to start, release the start switch,
then push the start switch again. Pause a few seconds
before the next attempt. Each cranking should be
as short as possible to preserve battery energy. Do
not crank the engine more than 10 seconds on each
attempt.
If the battery is discharged, pull the recoil starter
to start the engine.
See the engine break-in?section prior to operating the engine
for the first time.
Starting a warm engine
To start a warm engine, refer to the starting a cold
engine section. The starter (choke) should not be used.
The throttle should be opened slightly.
7 . If the engine is started with the starter (choke) in
position 1 , the starter (choke)should be returned to
position 2 to warm up the engine. If the engine is started
with the starter (choke) in position 2 , keep the starter
(choke) in this position to warm up theengine.
Warming up
To get maximum engine life, always warm up the engine
before starting off. Never accelerate hard with a cold
engine! To see whether or not the engine is warm, check
if it responds to the throttle normally with the starter
(choke) turned off.
8 . Continue warming up the engine until it idles smoothly
and return the starter (choke) to position 3 before riding.
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USER'S MANUAL
Drive select lever operation and reverse driving.
Before shifting, stop the machine and return the throttle
lever to its closed position. Otherwise, the transmission
may be damaged.
Shifting: forward
1. Bring the machine to a complete stop and return the
throttle lever to the closedposition.
2. Shift the gear from neutral to forward and vice versa
by moving the drive select lever along the shift guide.
3. Open the throttle lever gradually.
① Drive select lever
NOTE:
Make sure that the drive select lever is completely
shifted into position.
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USER'S MANUAL
Shifting: reverse
1. Bring the machine to a complete stop and return
the throttle lever to the closed position.
2. Apply the brake pedal.
3. Shift the gear from neutral to reverse and vice versa
by moving the drive select lever along the shift guide.
4. Check behind for people or obstacles, then release the
brake pedal.
5. Open the throttle lever gradually and continue towatch
to the rear while backing.
① Drive select lever.
NOTE:
When in reverse, the reverse indicator light should be on.
If the light does not come on, ask aATV dealer to inspect.
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USER'S MANUAL
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper operation in reverse.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could hit an obstacle or person behind you, resulting in serious injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
When you shift into reverse, make sure there are no obstacles or people behind you.
When it is safe to proceed, go slowly.
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USER'S MANUAL
Each ful l throttl e acceleration sequence should be
followed with a substantial rest period for theengine by
cruising at lower r/min so the engine can riditself of the
temporary build up of heat If any abnormality is noticed
during this period, consult a ATV dealer.
Engine break-in
There is never a more important period in the life of
your machine than the period between zero and 20 hours.
For this reason, we ask that you carefully read the following
material. Because the engine is brand new, you must not
put an excessive load on it for the first several hours of
running.
0-10 hours:
Avoid continuous operation above half throttle. Allow
a cooling off period of five to ten minutes after every
hour of operation. Vary the speed of the machine from
time to time. Do not operate it at one set throttle position.
During the first 20 hours, the various parts in the engine
wear and polish themselves to the correct operating
clearances.
During this period, prolonged full throttle operation or
any condition which might result in excessive engine
heating must be avoided.
However, momentary (2-3 seconds maximum)full throttle
operation under load does not harm the engine.
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USER'S MANUAL
10-20 hours:
Avoid prolonged operation above 3/4 throttle.
Parking
When parking, stop the engine and shift into neutral.
Turn the fuel cock to “OFF” and apply the parking
brake.
Rev the machine freely but do not use full throttle at any
time.
After break-in:
Avoid prolonged full throttle operation.Vary speeds
occasionally.
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USER'S MANUAL
Parking on a slope
1. Bring the machine to a stop by applying the brakes.
2. Stop the engine.
3. With the rear brake lever and pedal applied, apply
the parking brake, and then lowly release the brake
pedal.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Parking on a hill or other incline.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
TheATV could roll out of control, increasing the chance
of an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Avoid parking on hills or other inclines. If you must park
on an incline, place the machine transversely across the
incline,apply the parking brake, and block the front and
rear wheels with rocks or other objects.
Do not park the ATV at all on hills that are so steep you
could not walk up them easily.
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USER'S MANUAL
Accessories
Accessories should be rigidly and securely mounted.
An accessory which can shift position or come off while
you are riding could affect your ability to control the
ATV.
Accessories can affect the handling and control of your ATV.
Keep the following in mind when considering an accessory
or operating an ATV which has accessories.
Choose only accessories designed for your ATV.
Do not mount an accessory where it could interfere
w i t h yo ur a bil i t y t o c ontr ol t h e AT V. Examples
include (but are not limited to) a heavy or bulky object
attached to the handlebars which could make steering
difficult, an accessory that limits your ability to move
around on the seat, or one that limits your view.
Your ATV dealer has a variety of genuine ATV accessories.
Other accessories may also be available on the market.
However, it is not possible for ATV to test all non-ATV
accessories,nor have any control over the quality or
suitabilityof them. Choose a genuine ATV accessory,
or one that is equivalent in design and quality.
Use e xtra caution when riding an ATV with
accessories. The ATV may handle differentlythan it
does without accessories.
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USER'S MANUAL
Loading
Cargo or a trailer can change the stability and handling
of anATV.
You must use common sense and good judgment when
carrying cargo or towing a trailer. Keep the following
points in mind:
Never exceed the weight limits shown.An over loaded
ATV can be unstable.
Do not exceed the maximum tongue weight. You can
measure tongue weight with a bathroom scale.
Put the tongue of the loaded trailer on the scale with
the tongue at hitch height. Adjust the load in the trailer,
if necessary, to reduce the weight on hitch.
MAXIMUM LOADING LIMIT
Vehicle loading limit (total weight of cargo, rider and
accessories, and tongue weight):210 kg (463 lb).
Front carrier: 40 kg (88 lb).
Rear carrier: 80 kg (176 lb).
Storage box: 2.0 kg (4.4 lb).
Trailer hitch:
Pulling load (total weight of trailer and cargo):
500 kgf (1,102 lbf).
Tongue weight (vertical weight on trailer hitch point):
15 kgf (33 lbf).
Load cargo on the carrier as close to the center of the
vehicle as possible. Put cargo at the rear of the front
carrier and at the front of the rear carrier. Center the load
from side to side.
If you are carrying cargo and towing a trailer, include
the tongue weight in the maximum vehicle load limit.
Tie down cargo securely to the carriers.
Make sure cargo in the trailer cannot move around.
A shift ing load can cause an accident.
Make sure the load does not interfere with controls or
your ability to see where you are going.
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USER'S MANUAL
Ride more slowly than you would without a load.
The more weight you carry, the slower you should
go.
Allow more braking distance. A heavier vehicle takes
longer to stop.
Avoid making sharp turns unless at very slow speeds.
Avoid hills and rough terrain. Choose terrain carefully.
Added weight affects the stability and handling of
the ATV.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Overloading this ATV or carrying or towing cargo
improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause changes in vehicle handling which could lead
to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never exceed the stated load capacity for this ATV. Cargo
should be properly distributed and securely attached.
Reduce speed when carrying cargo or pulling a trailer.
Allow greater distance for braking.
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USER'S MANUAL
Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death.
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USER'S MANUAL
56
USER'S MANUAL
57
USER'S MANUAL
Owner ’s Manual completely and understand the
operation of the controls. Pay particular attention to
the safety information on pages 5--10 .
Please also read all caution and warning labels on your
ATV.
Indicates a potential hazard that could result in
serious injury or death.
GETTING TO KNOW YOUR ATV
This ATV is for recreation and utility use. This section,
R i d i n g y o u r AT V, p r o v i d e s g e n e r a l AT Vr i d i n g
i nst ruc ti ons for recreational riding. The skills and
t ec hni que s de sc ri bed i n t hi s s ec t i on, howeve r, a re
appropriate for all types of riding. Riding yourATV
requires special skills acquired through practice over
a pe ri od of t i m e. Ta ke t he ti m e t o l ea rn the ba si c
t ec hni que s w el l be fore a tt e mpt i ng m ore di ffi cul t
maneuvers.
Riding your new ATV can be a very enjoyable activity,
providing you with hours of pleasure.But it is essential
to familiarize yourself with the operation of the ATV
to achieve the skill necessary to enjoy riding safely.
Before you begin to ride, be sure you have read this
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USER'S MANUAL
RIDE WITH CARE AND GOOD JUDGEMENT
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Get training if you are inexperienced.
Beginning and inexperienced operators should complete
Beginners should get training from a certifiedinstructor.
Become familiar with thisATV at slow speeds first, even if
you are an experienced operator.
Do not attempt to operate at maximum perfor mance until
the certified training course offered by ATV. They should
you are totally familiar with the ATV handling and
performance characteristics.
contact an authorized ATV dealer .
then regularly practice the skills learned in the course
and the operating techniques described in this Owner
Manual. For more information about the training course,
Riding your ATV requires skills acquired through
practice over a period of time.
Take the time to learn the basic techniques well before
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV without proper in- struction.
attempting more difficult maneuvers.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The risk of an accident is greatly increased if the operator
does not know how to operate theATV properly in different
situations and on different types of terrain.
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USER'S MANUAL
Not recommended for children under 16 years of age.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to follow the age recommendations for this ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Use by children of ATVs that are not recommended for
their age can lead to severe injury or death of the child.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
A child under 16 should never operate an ATV with engine
size greater than 90 cc.
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USER'S MANUAL
This ATV is designed to carry operator and cargo only
passengers prohibited.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Carrying a passenger on this ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Greatly reduces your ability to balance and control this
ATV. Could cause an accident, resulting in harm to you
and/or your passenger.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never carry a passenger. The long seat is to allow the
operator to shift position as needed during operation.
It is not for carrying passengers.
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USER'S MANUAL
Apparel
Operating without protective clothing increases your chances
of severe injury in the event of an accident.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Alwayswearanapprovedmotorcycle helmet that fits properly.
You should also wear:eye protection(goggles or face
shield)gloves boots long-sleeved shirt or jacket.
Ope ra ti ng thi s AT V wi thout we ari ng a n a pprove d
motorcycle helmet, eye protection and protective clothing.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Operating without eye protection can result in an accident
and increases your chances of a severe injury in the event
of anaccident.
Operating without an
approved motorcycle
helmet increases your
chances of a severe
head injury ordeath
in the event of an accident.
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USER'S MANUAL
Do not operate after consuming alcohol ordrugs.
Operator performance capability is reduced by the
influence of alcohol or drugs.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV after consuming alcoh ol or drugs.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could seriously affect your judgment.
Could cause you to react more slowly.
Could affect your balance and perception.
Could result in an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while driving
this ATV.
c
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USER'S MANUAL
Pre-operation checks
Always perform the pre -operation checks l isted on
page 33 before riding for safety and proper care of the ATV.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV with improper tires, or with improper
or uneven tire pressure.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Use of improper tires on this ATV, or operation of this
ATV with improper or uneven tire pressure, may cause loss
of control, increasing your risk of an accident.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to inspect the ATV before operating.
Failure to properly maintain the ATV.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always use the size and type tires specified in the Owner’s
Manual for this vehicle on pages 40. Always maintain proper
tire pressure as described in the Owner’s Manual on
page 41.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Increases the possibility of an accident or equipment
damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always inspect your ATV each time you use it to make sure
the ATV is in safe operating condition. Always follow
the inspection and maintenance procedures and schedules
described in the Owner’s Manual.
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USER'S MANUAL
Speed limiter
For riders less experienced with this model, this model is
equipped with a speed limiter in the throttle lever housing.
The speed limiter keeps the throttle from fully opening, even
when the throttle lever is pushed to the maximum. Turning
the adjusting screw in limits the maximum engine power
available and decreases the maximum speed of theATV.
Turningthe adjustingscrew in decreases top speed and turning
it out increases top speed.
Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious
injury or death.
Do not operate at speeds too fast for your skills or the
conditions.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating thisATV at speeds too fast for your skills or the
conditions.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Increases your chances of losing control of theATV, which
can result in an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always go at a speed that is proper for the terrain, visibility
and operating conditions, and your experience.
① Locknut
65
② Adjusting screw
USER'S MANUAL
Loading and accessories
Use extra caution when riding the ATV with additional
loads, such as accessories or cargo. TheATV’s handling may
be adversely affected. Reduce your speed when adding
additional loads.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Overloading this ATV or carrying or towing cargo
improperly.
MAXIMUM LOADING LIMIT
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Vehicle loading limit: 210 kg (463 lb).
Could cause changes in vehicle handling which could
lead to an accident.
Total weight of cargo, rider and accessories, and trailer
hitch vertical load.
Front carrier: 40 kg (88 lb).
Rear carrier: 80 kg (176 lb).
Storage box: 2.0 kg (4.4 lb).
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never exceed the stated load capacity for this ATV.
Cargo should be properly distributed and securely
attached.
Reduce speed when carrying cargo or pulling a trailer.
Allow greater distance for braking.
Always follow the instructions in your Owner’s Manual for
carrying cargo or pulling a trailer.
Trailer hitch:
Pulling load: 500 kgf (1,102 lbf) Total weight of trailer and
cargo.
Tongue weight: 15 kgf (33 lbf).
Vertical weight on trailer hitch point.
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USER'S MANUAL
During operation
Always keep your feet on the footboards during operation.
Otherwise your feet may contact the rear wheels.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Removing hands from handlebars or feet from footboards
during operation.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Removing even one hand or foot can reduce your ability
to control theATV or could cause you to lose your balance
and fall off of the ATV. If you remove a foot from a
footboard, your foot or leg may come into contact with the
rear wheels, which could injure you or cause an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always keep both hands on the handlebars and both feet
on the footboards of your ATV yourATV during operation.
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USER'S MANUAL
Avoid wheelies and jumping. You may lose control of the
ATV or overturn.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Attempting wheelies, jumps, and other stunts.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Increases the chance of an accident, including an overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never attempt stunts, such as wheelies or jumps. Don’t try
to show off.
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USER'S MANUAL
Modifications
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV with improper modifications.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improper installation of accessories or modification
of this vehicle may cause changes in handling which
in some situations could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never modify this ATV through improper installation
or use of accessories. All parts and accessories added
to this vehicle should be genuine ATV or equivalent
com p onents designed for use on this ATV and should
be installed and used according to instructions. If you
have questions, consult an authorized ATV dealer.
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USER'S MANUAL
Exhaust system
The exhaust system on the ATV is very hot during and
following operation. To prevent burns, avoid touching
the exhaust syste m. Park t he ATV in a plac e where
pedestrians or children are not likely to touch it.
Do not touch the hot exhaust system.
Do not park the ATV in a place where others might be
likely to touch it.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Hot exhaust system.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Dry gras s or brush or ot he r c ombus t ibl e m at e ri al
accumulated around the engine area could catch fire.
Someone touching the exhaust system during or after
operation could be burned.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Do not operate, idle, or park the ATV in dry grass or other
dry ground cover.
Keep the engine area free of dry grass,brush, or other
combustible material.
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USER'S MANUAL
BE CAREFUL WHERE YOU RIDE
This ATV is designed for off-road use only. Riding on
paved surfaces can cause loss ofcontrol.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV on paved surfaces.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
ATVs are designed for off-road use only. Paved
surfaces may seriously affect handling and control
of the ATV, and may cause the vehicle to go out of
control.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always avoid paved surfaces, including sidewalks,
driveways, parking lots andstreets.
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USER'S MANUAL
Do not ride on any public road, street, or highway.
Riding on public roads can result in collisions with other
vehicles.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV on public streets, roads or highways.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You can collide with another vehicle.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never operate this ATV on any public street, road or
highway, even a dirt or gravel one.
In many states it is illegal to operate ATVs on public
streets, roads and highways.
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USER'S MANUAL
Know the terrain where you ride. Ride cautiously in
unfamiliar areas. Stay alert for holes, rocks, or roots in
the terrain, and other hiddenhazards which may cause
the ATV to upset.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to use extra care when operating this ATV on
unfamiliar terrain.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You can come upon hidden rocks, bumps, or holes,without
enough time to react. Could result in the ATV overturn ing
or going out of control.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Go slowly and be extra careful when operating on unfamiliar
terrain. Always be alert to changing terrain conditions
when operating the ATV.
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USER'S MANUAL
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to use extra care when operatingon excessively
rough, slippery or loose terrain.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause loss of traction or vehicle control, which
could result in an accident, including an overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Do not operate on excessively rough, slippery or loose
terrain until you have learned and practiced the skills
necessary to control the ATV on such terrain. Always
be especially cautious on these kinds of terrain.
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USER'S MANUAL
When riding in an area where you might not easily be seen,
such as desert terrain, mount a caution flag on the ATV.
DO NOT use the flag pole bracket as a trailer hitch.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could be in a collision. You could be injured.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always mount a caution flag on theATV to make you more
visible. Watch care fully for other vehicles.
Do not ride in areas posted "no trespassing" Do not ride on
private property without getting per-mission.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating in areas where you might not be seen by other
off-road vehicles.
75
USER'S MANUAL
Select a large, flat area off-road to become familiar with
your ATV. Make sure that this area is free of obstacles
and other riders. You should practice control of the throttle,
brakes, and turning techniques in this area before trying
more difficult terrain.
With the engine idling, return the starter (choke)to
the closed position, shift the drive select lever into
the forward positi on, a nd t hen rel ease the parking
brake. Apply the throttle slowly and smoothly. The
centrifugal clutch will engage and you will start to
accelerate. If the throttle is applied too abruptly, the
front wheels may lift off the ground resulting in a loss
of directional control. Avoid higher speeds until you
are thoroughly familiar with the operation of your ATV.
Always avoid riding on paved surfaces: the ATV is
designed for off-road use only, and handling maneuvers
are more difficult to perform on pavement.
Set the parking brake and follow the instruction on
page 43 to start the engine. Once it has warmed up you
are ready to begin riding your ATV. Remember that the
engine and exhaust pipe will be hot when riding and
afterwards; do not allow skin or clothing to come in contact
with these components.
When slowing down or stopping, release the throttle and
apply the brakes smoothly and evenly.
Improper use of the brakes can cause the tires to lose
traction, reducing control and increasing the possibility of
an accident.
76
USER'S MANUAL
TURNING YOUR ATV
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always follow proper procedures for turning as described
in this Owner Manual.
To achieve maximum traction while riding off -road, the
two rear wheels are mounted solidly on one axle and turn
together at the same speed.
Therefore, unless the wheel on the in side of the turn
is allowed to slip or lose some traction, the ATV will
resist turning. A special turning technique must be used
to allow the ATV to make turns quickly and easily. It
is essential that this skill be learned first at low speed.
Practice turning at low speeds before at tempting to
turn at faster speeds. Do not turn at speeds too fast for your
skills or the conditions.
As you approach a curve, slow down and begin to turn
the handlebars in the desired direction. As you do so, put
your weight on the footboard to the outside of the turn
(opposite your desired direction) and lean your upper
body into the turn.
Use the throttle to maintain an even speed through the
turn.
This maneuver will let the wheel on the inside of the
turn slip slightly, allowing the ATV to make the turn
properly.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Turning improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
ATV could go out of control, causing a collision or overturn.
77
USER'S MANUAL
Once you have learned this technique you should be able
to perform it at higher speeds or in tighter curves.
Improper ridi ng procedures such a s abrupt thrott le
changes, excessive braking, incorrect body movements, or
too much speed for the sharpness of the turn may cause
the ATV to tip.
If the ATV be gi ns t o tip over t o the outside while
negotiating a turn, lean more to the inside. It may also
be necessary to gradually let off on the throttle and steer
to the outside of the turn to avoid tipping over.
Remember: Avoid higher speeds until you are thoroughly
familiar with the operation of your ATV.
This procedure should be practiced at slow speed many times
in a large off-road area with no obstacles.
If an incorrect technique is used, your ATV may continue to
go straight. If the ATV doesn’t turn, come to a stop and
then practice the procedure again. If the riding surface
is slippery or loose, it may help to position more of your
weight over the front wheels by moving forward on the seat.
78
USER'S MANUAL
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never operate the ATV on hills too steep for the ATV or
for your abilities. Practice on smaller hills before attempting
largehills.
CLIMBING UPHILL
Use proper riding techniques to avoid vehicle overturns on
hills. Be sure that you can maneuver yourATV well on
flat ground before attempt ing any incline and then practice
riding first on gentle slopes. Try more difficult climbs only
after you have developed your skill. In all cases avoid
inclines with slippery or loose surfaces, or obstacles that
might cause you to lose control.
It is important when climbing a hill to make sure that your
weight is transferred forward on the ATV. This can be
accomplished by leaning forward and, on steeper inclines,
standing on the footboards and leaning forward over the
handlebars.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating on excessively steep hills.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The vehicle can overturn more easily on extremely steep hills
than on level surfaces or small hills.
79
USER'S MANUAL
An obstacle, a sharp drop, or another vehicle or person could
be on the other side of the hill.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Climbing hills improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause loss of control or cause the ATV to overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always follow proper procedures for climbing hills as
described in this Owner’s Manual.
Always check the terrain carefully before you start up any
hill.
Never climb hills with excessively slippery or loose
surfaces.
Shift your weight forward.
Never open the throttle suddenly.
The ATV could flip over backwards.
Never go over the top of any hill at high speed.
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USER'S MANUAL
If you are climbing a hill and you find that you have not
properly judged your ability to make it to the top, you should
turn the ATV around while you still have forward motion
(provided you have the room to do so) and go down the
hill.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly crossing hills or turning onhills.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause loss of control or cause the ATV to overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never attempt to turn theATV around on any hill until you
have mastered the turning technique as described in the
Owner Manual on level ground. Be very careful when
turning on any hill. Avoid crossing the side of a steep hill
if possible.
81
USER'S MANUAL
When crossing the side of a hill:
Always follow proper procedures as described in the
Owner’s Manual.
Avoid hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces.
Shift your weight to the uphill side of the ATV.
82
USER'S MANUAL
If your ATV has stalled or stopped and you believe you
can continue up the hill, restart carefully to make sure
you do not lift the front wheels which could cause you
to lose control. If you are unable to continue up the hill,
dismount the ATV on the uphill side. Physically turn the
ATV around and then descend the hill.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Stalling, rolling backwards or improperly dismounting while
climbing a hill.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could result in ATV overturning.
If you start to roll backwards, DO NOT applyeither brake
abruptly. If you are in 2WD, apply only the front brake.
When this ATV is in 4WD, all wheels (front and rear)
are interconnected by the drive train. This means that
applying either the front brake or the rear brake will
brake all wheels.
When descending hills, using either brake lever or the
brake pedal will brake the wheels on the down hill side.
Avoid sudden application of either the front or rear brake
because the wheels on the uphill side could come off the
ground. The ATV could easily tip over backwards. Apply
both the front and rear brakes gradually, or dismount the
ATV immediately on the uphill side.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Maintain steady speed when climbing a hill.If you lose all
forward speed:
Keep weight uphill.
Apply the brakes.
Apply the parking brake after you arestopped.
83
USER'S MANUAL
If you begin rolling backwards:
Keep weight uphill.
2WD: Never apply the rear brake while rolling backwards.
Apply the front brake. When fully stopped, apply the
rear brake as well, and then lock the parking brake.
4WD: Apply both front and rear brakes gradually.
When fully stopped, lock the parking brake.
Dismount on uphill side or to a side if pointed straight
uphill. Turn the ATV around and remount, following
the procedure described in the Owner’s Manual.
84
USER'S MANUAL
RIDING DOWNHILL
When riding your ATV downhill, shift your weight as far
to the rear and uphill side of the ATV as possible.
Move back on the seat and sit with your arms straight.
Engine compression will do most of the braking for you.
For maximum engine compression braking effect, change
to 4WD before beginning to descend the hill. Improper
braking may cause a loss of traction. Use caution while
descending a hill with loose or slippery surfaces. Braking
ability and traction may be adversely affected by these
surfaces. Improper braking may also cause a loss of
traction.
off the ground.Apply both the front and rear brakes gradually.
Whenever possible, ride your ATV straight down hill.
Avoid sharp angles which could allow the ATV to tip or
roll over. Carefully choose your path and ride no faster
than you will be able to react to obstacles which may appear.
When this ATV is in 4WD, all wheels (front and rear) are
interconnected by the drive train. This means that applying
either the front brake or the rear brake will brake all
wheels. When descending hills, using either brake lever
or the brake pedal will brake the wheels on the down hill
side. Avoid sudden application of either the front or rear
brake because the wheels on the uphill side could come
85
USER'S MANUAL
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Going down a hill improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause loss of control or cause the ATV to overturn.
Always follow proper procedures for going down hills
as described in this Owner’s Manual. Note: a special
technique is required when braking as you go down a
hill.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always check the terrain carefully before you start down
any hill.
Shift your weight backward.
Never go down a hill at high speed.
Avoid going down a hill at an angle that would cause
the vehicle to lean sharply to one side. Go straight down
the hill where possible.
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USER'S MANUAL
CROSSING A SLOPE
Traversing a sloping surface on your ATV re q uires you
to properly position your weight to maintain proper
balance. Be sure that you have learned the basic riding
skills on flat ground before attempting to cross a sloping
surface. Avoid slopes with slippery surfaces or rough
terrain that may upset your balance.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly crossing hills or turning onhills.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause loss of control or cause the ATVto overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never attempt to turn theATV around on any hill until you
have mastered the turning technique as described in the.
Owner Manual on level ground. Be very careful when turning
on any hill.
Avoid crossing the side ofa steep hill ifpossible.When crossing
the side of a hill:
Always follow proper procedures as de scribed in the Owner
Manual.
Avoid hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces.
Shift your weight to the uphill side of the ATV.
As you travel across a slope, lean your body in the uphill
direction. It may be necessary to correct the steering
when riding on loose surfaces by pointing the front
wheels slightly uphill. When riding on slopes be sure
not to make sharp turns either up or down hill.
If your ATV does begin to tip over, gradually steer in the
downhill direction if there are no obstacles in your path.
As you regain proper balance, gradually steer again in the
direction you wish totravel.
87
USER'S MANUAL
88
USER'S MANUAL
CROSSING THROUGH SHALLOW WATER
The ATV can be used to cross slow moving,sha llow water
of up to a maximum of 35 cm (14 inches) in depth. Before
entering the water, choose your path carefully. Enter where
there is no sharp drop off, and avoid rocks or other obstacles
which may be slippery or upset theATV. Drive slowly and
carefully.
Remember that wet brakes may have reduced stopping
ability. Test your brakes after leaving water. If necessary,
apply them several times to let friction dry out the linings.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV through deep or fast flowing water.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Tiresmayfloat, causinglossoftraction andloss ofcontrol, which
could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never operate this ATV in fast flowing water or in water
deeper than that specified in your Owner Manual.
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USER'S MANUAL
Test your brakes after leaving the water. Do not continue
to ride your ATV without verifying that you have regained
proper braking ability.
After riding your ATV in water, be sure to drain the trapped
water by removing the check hose at the bottom of the air
filter case, the V-belt cooling duct check hose, the drive
select lever box check hose and the storage box check
hose. Also, remove the V-belt case drain plug to drain any
water that may have accumulated. Wash the ATV in fresh
water if it has been operated in salt water or muddy
conditions.
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USER'S MANUAL
① V-belt cooling duct check hose (left front side
of ATV).
① Storage box check hose.
① Drive select lever box check hose.
① V-belt case drain plug.
91
USER'S MANUAL
RIDING OVER ROUGH TERRAIN
Riding over rough terrain should be done with caution.
Look out for obstacles which could cause damage to
the ATV or could lead to an upset or accident. Be sure
to keep your feet firmly mounted on the footboards at
all times.
Avoid jumping the ATV as loss of control and damage
to the ATV may result.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly operating over obstacles.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause loss of control or a collision.
Could cause the ATV to overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Before operating in a new area, check for obstacles.
Never attempt to ride over large obstacles, such as
large rocks or fallen trees.
When you go over obstacles, always follow proper
procedures as described in the Owner’s Manual.
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USER'S MANUAL
SLIDING AND SKIDDING
Care should be used when riding on loose or slippery surfaces
since the ATV may slide. If unexpected and uncorrected,
sliding could lead to anaccident.
If the rear wheels of your ATV start to slide side ways,
control can usually be regained (if there is room to do
so) by steering in the direction of the slide. Applying
the brakes or accelerating is not recommended until
you have corrected the slide.
To reduce the tendency for the front wheels to slide in loose
or slippery conditions, positioning your weight over the
front wheels will sometimeshelp.
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USER'S MANUAL
With practice, over a period of time, skill at controlled
sliding can be developed. The terrain should be chosen
carefully before attempting such maneuvers, since both
stability and control are reduced. Bear in mind that
sliding maneuvers should always be avoided on extremely
slippery surfaces such as ice, since all control may be lost.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Skidding or sliding improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You may lose control of this ATV. You may also regain
traction unexpectedly, which may cause the ATV to
overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Learn to safely control skidding or sliding by practicing at
low speeds and on level,smooth terrain.
On extremely slippery surfaces, such as ice, go slowly and
be very cautious in order to reduce the chance of skidding
or sliding out of control.
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USER'S MANUAL
WHAT TO DO IF
This section is designed to be a reference guide only.
Be sure to read each section on riding techniques completely.
If your ATV starts to slide sideways:
Steer in the direction of the slide if you have the room.
Applying the brakes or accelerating is not recommended
until you have corrected the slide. (See pages 93--94).
WHAT TO DO
If your ATV does no turn when you want it to:
Bring the ATV to a stop and practice the turning
maneuvers again. Be sure you are putting your weight
on the footboard to the outside of the turn. Position
your weight over the front wheels for better control.
(See pages 77--78).
If yourATV can make it up a hill you are trying to climb:
Turn theATV around if you still have forward speed. If not,
stop, dismount on the uphill side of theATV andphysically
turn theATV around. If theATV starts to slip backwards,
DO NOTUSE THE REAR BRAKE theATV may tip over
on top of you. Dismount the ATV on the uphill side.
(See pages 79--84.)
If your ATV begins to tip while turning:
Lean more into the turn to regain balance. If necessary,
gradually let off the throttle and/or steer to the outside
of the turn. (See pages 77--78).
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USER'S MANUAL
If your ATV is traversing a sloping surface:
Be sure to ride with your weight positioned towards the
uphill side of theATV to maintain proper balance. If the ATV
starts to tip, steer down the hill ( if there are no obstacles in
your way) to regain balance. If you discover that the ATV
is going to tip over, dismount on the uphill side. (See pages
87 --88).
Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious
injury or death.
If your ATV encounters shallow water:
Ride slowlyandcarefullythroughslowmovingwater, watching
for obstacles. Be sure to let water drain from the ATV and
CHECKYOURBRAKESFORPROPER OPERATIONwhen
you come out ofthewater. Donot continue to ride yourATV
until you have regained adequate braking ability. (See
pages 89--91).
96
USER'S MANUAL
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
Periodic inspection, adjustment and lubrication will keep
your machine in the safest and most efficient condition
possible. Safety is an obligation of the machine owner.
The most important points of machine inspection, adjustment
and lubrication are explained on the following pages.
Owner’s manual and tool kit
You are recommended to put this owner’s manual in
the vinyl bag and always carry it on the bottom of the
seat as shown. Put the owner’s tool kit and low-pressure
tire gauge under the seat.
The service information included in this manual is
intended to provide you, the owner, with the necessary
informat ion for compl eting your own pre ventive
maintenance and minor repairs. The tools provided in
the Owner’s tool kit are sufficient for this purpose, except
that a torque wrench is also necessary to properly
tighten nuts and bolts.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Servicing an engine while it is running.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Moving parts can catch clothing or parts of the body, causing
injury.
Electrical components can cause shocks or can start fires.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Turn off the engine when performing maintenance unless
otherwise specified.
Have a ATV dealer perform service if you are not familiar with
machine service.
97
USER'S MANUAL
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV with improper modifications.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improper installation of accessories or modification of
this vehicle may cause changes in handling which in
some situations could lead to an accident.
① Owner’s manual.
② Owner’s tool kit.
③ Low-pressure tire gauge.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never modify this ATV through improper installation or
use of accessories. All parts and accessories added to this
vehicle should be genuine ATV or equivalent components
designed for use on this ATV and should be installed and
used according to instructions. If you have questions,
consult an authorized ATV dealer.
NOTE:
If you do not have a torque wrench available during
a service operation requiring one, take your machine
to a ATV dealer to check the torque settings and adjust
them as necessary.
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USER'S MANUAL
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE/LUBRICATION
NOTE: For ATVs not equipped with an odometer or an hour meter, follow the maintenance intervals.
For ATVs equipped with an odometer or an hour meter, follow the km (mi) or hours maintenance intervals. However,
keep in mind that if the ATV isn’t used for a long period of time, the month maintenance intervals should be followed.
EVERY
ITEM
Valves*
Spark plug
Air fiter element
Carburetor*
Crankcase breathe
system*
Exhaust system*
Spark arrester
fuel line*
ROUTINE
whichever
comes first
month
km
(mi)
hours
Check valve clearance.
Adjust if necessary.
Check condition .
Adjust gap and clean.
Replace if necessary.
Clean.
Replace if necessary.
Check and adjust idle speed/starter operation.
Adjust if necessary.
Check breather hose for cracks or damage.
Replace if necessary.
Check for leakage.
Tighten if necessary.
Replace gasket(s) if necessary.
Clean.
Check fuel hose for cracks or damage.
Replace if necessary.
99
1
320
(200)
20
3
1200
(750)
75
INITAL
6
2400
(1500)
15
6
12
2400
4800
(1500) (3000)
15
30
Every 20-40hours
(More often in wet or dusty areas).
USER'S MANUAL
EVERY
ITEM
Engine oil
Engine oil filter cartridge
Engine oil strainer*
Final gear oil
Differential gear oil
Front brake*
Rear brake*
Select lever safety system
cable*
V-belt*
Wheel*
Wheel bearing*
Front and rear
suspension*
Steering system*
Drive shaft universal joint*
Axle boots*
ROUTINE
month
whichever k m
comes first (m i)
hours
Replace.(Warm engine before draining).
Replace.
Clean.
Check for oil leakage.
Replace every 12 months.
Check operation/fuid leakage.(See NOTE page 8).
Correct if necessary.
Adjust if necessary.
Check operation.
Check operation.
Adjust if necessary.
Check operation.
Check for cracks or damage.
Check balance/damage/runout.
Repair if necessary.
Check bearing assemblies for losseness/damage.
Replace if damaged.
Check operation.
Correct if necessary.
Check operation./Replace if damaged.
Check toe-in./Adjust if necessary.
Lubricate with lithium-soap-based grease.
Check operation.
Replace if damaged.
100
1
320
(200)
20
INITAL
3
6
6
12
1,200 1,200
2,400 4,800
(750) (1,500) (1,500) (3,000)
75
1 50
150
3 00
USER'S MANUAL
ITEM
Fittings and fasteners*
Lights and switches*
ROUTINE
month
whichever k m
comes first (m i)
hours
EVERY
1
320
(200)
20
INITAL
3
6
6
12
1,200 1,200
2,400 4,800
(750) (1,500) (1,500) (3,000)
75
1 50
150
3 00
Correct if necessary.
Check all chassis fittings and fasteners.
Adjust headinght beams.
Check operation.
Since these items require special tools, data and technical skills, have a HSUNdealer pertorm the sevice.
NOTE:
Recommended brake fluid: DOT 4.
Brake fluid replacement:
When disassembling the master cylinder or caliper, replace the brake fluid. Normally check the brake fluid level
and add fluid as required.
On the inner parts of the master cylinder and caliper,replace the oil seals every two years.
Replace the brake ho ses every four years, or if cracked or damaged.
Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death.
101
USER'S MANUAL
Panel removal and installation
The panel illustrated needs to be removed to perform some
of the maintenance described in this chapter.
Refer to this section each time the panel has to be removed or
installed.
Panel A
To remove
Remove the bolt, and then take the panel off.
To install
Place the panel in the original position and install the
bolt.
When installing the panel, be sure not to pinch the cables
or wires.
① Panel A
① Panel A
102
② Bolt
USER'S MANUAL
Engine oil and oil filter cartridge
The engine oil level should be checked before each ride.
In addition, the oil must be changed and the oil filter
cartridge replaced at the intervals specified in the
periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
To check the engine oil level
1. Place the ATV on a level surface.
2. Start the engine, warm it up for several minutes, and
then turn it off.
3. Wait a few minutes until the oil settles.
4. Remove the engine oil filler cap and wipe off the
dipstick with a clean rag.
Engine oil filler cap
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USER'S MANUAL
7. Insert the dipstick into the oil filler hole, and then tighten
the oil filler cap.
5. Insert the dipstick in the oil filler hole (without screwing
it in), and then remove it again to check the oil level.
NOTE:
The engine oil should be between the minimum and maximum
level marks.
① Maximum level mark
② Minimum level mark
6. If the engine oil is at or below the minimum level mark,
add sufficient oil of the recommended type to raise it
to the correct level.
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USER'S MANUAL
NOTE:
Skip steps 4-6 if the oil filter cartridge is not being replaced.
To change the engine oil (with or without oil filter cartridge
replacement).
1. Start the engine, warm it up for several minutes, and
then turn it off.
2. Place an oil pan under the engine to collect the used oil,
and then remove the engine oil filler cap.
3. Remove the engine oil drain bolt to drain the oil from
the crankcase.
4. Remove the oil filter cartridge with an oil filter wrench.
① Oil filter cartridge
① Engine oil drain bolt
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USER'S MANUAL
① O-ring
① Oil filter wrench
NOTE:
An oil filter wrench is available at a nearby ATVdealer.
5. Apply a light coat of engine oil to the O-ring of the new
oil filter cartridge.
NOTE:
Make sure the O-ring is seated properly.
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USER'S MANUAL
6. Install the new oil filter cartridge with an oil filter
wrench, and then tighten it to the specified torque
with a torque wrench.
7. Install the engine oil drain bolt, and then tighten it to
the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Engine oil drain bolt:
23 N·m (2.3 m·kgf, 16 ft·lbf)
8. Add the specified amount of recommended engine oil,
and then install the engine oil filler cap and tighten
it.
Recommended engine oil:
See page 151.
Oil quantity:Without oil filter cartridge
replacement:
2.2 L (1.94 Imp qt, 2.33 US qt)
With oil filter cartridge replacement:
2.3 L (2.02 Imp qt, 2.43 US qt)
① Torque wrench
Tightening torque:
Oil filter cartridge:
17 N·m (1.7 m·kgf, 12 ft·lbf)
107
USER'S MANUAL
In order to prevent clutch slipppage (since the engine
oil also lubricates the clutch), do not mix any chemical
additives. Do not use oils with a diesel specification of
“CD” or oils of a higher quality than specified. In addition,
do not use oils labeled “ENERGY CONSERVING II”
or higher.
Make sure that no foreign material enters the crankcase.
Final gear oil
Final gear oil measurement
1. Place the machine on a level surface.
2. Remove the oil filler bolt, and then check the oil level
in the final gear case.
NOTE: The oil level should be at the brim of the filler
hole.
9. Start the engine and warm it up for several minutes.
While warming up, check for oil leakage. If oil
leakage is found, turn the engine off immediately and
check for the cause.
10. Turn the engine off, and then check the oil level and
correct it if necessary.
① Final gear oil
② Final gear oil filler bolt
③ Proper oil level
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USER'S MANUAL
Final gear oil replacement
1. Remove the final gear case cover by removing the
bolts.
3. If the oil is below the brim of the filler hole,add sufficient
oil of the recommended type to raise it to the correct
level.
Be sure no foreign material enters the final gear case.
4. Install the oil filler bolt, and then tighten it tothe specified
torque.
Tightening torque:
Final gear oil filler bolt:
23Nm(2.3m · kgf, 16ft · lbf)
① Final gear case cover
② Bolt ( 2)
2. Place the machine on a level surface.
3. Place a container under the final gear case to collect
the used oil.
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USER'S MANUAL
4. Remove the oil filler bolt and the drain bolt to drain
the oil.
Recommended oil:
SAE 80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil
Oil quantity:
0.23 L (0.20 Imp qt, 0.24 US qt)
Final gear oil drain bolt
Be sure no foreign material enters the final gear case.
5. Install the drain bolt, and then tighten it to the
specified torque.
7. Install the oil filler bolt, and then tighten it to the
specified torque.
8. Check for oil leakage. If oil leakage is found, check for
the cause.
9. Install the final gear case cover bolts, and then tighten
them to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Final gear oil drain bolt:
23 Nm (2.3 m·kgf, 16 ft·lbf)
Tightening torque:
Final gear case cover bolt:
16 Nm (1.6 m·kgf, 11 ft·lbf)
6. Add the recommended final gear oil to the brim of
the filler hole.
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USER'S MANUAL
Differential gear oil replacement
1. Place the machine on a level surface.
2. Place a container under the differential gear case to
catch the oil.
3. Remove the oil filler bolt and oil drain bolt to drain
the oil.
① Differential gear oil drain bolt
4. Install the oil drain bolt, and then tighten it to the
specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Didderential gear oil drain bolt:
10 Nm (1.0 m·kgf, 7 ft·lbf)
① Differential gear oil filler bolt
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USER'S MANUAL
5. Fill the differential gear case with the specified amount
of the recommended oil.
Be sure no foreign material enters the differential gear
case.
6. Install the oil filler bolt, and then tighten it to the
specified torque.
NOTE:
Do not exceed the specified differential gear oil quantity
when filling. Overfilling will cause the oil to seep out
of the breather hose during and after riding.
Tightening torque:
Differential gear oil filler bolt:
23 Nm (2.3 m·kgf, 16 ft·lbf)
The differential gear oil level cannot bechecked. The
differential gear case capacity is greater than the
recommended oil quantity, therefore the oil level cannot
be accurately checked from the oil filler cap hole.
7. Check for oil leakage. If oil leakage is found, check
for the cause.
Recommended oil:
SAE 80 API “GL-4” Hypoid gear oil
Oil quantity:
0.35 L (0.31 Imp qt, 0.37 US qt)
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USER'S MANUAL
Axle boots.
Check the protective boots for holes or tears.If any damage
is found, have them replaced by a ATV dealer.
Spark plug inspection Removal.
1. Remove the spark plug cap.
① Spark plug cap
① Axle boot ( 2 each side)
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USER'S MANUAL
2. Use the spark plug wrench in the owner’s tool kit to
remove the spark plug as shown.
Instead, take theATVto aATV dealer.You should periodically
remove and inspect the spark plug because heat and deposits
will cause the spark plug to slowly break down and erode.
If electrode erosion becomes excessive, or if carbon and
other deposits are excessive, you should replace the spark
plug with the specified plug.
Specified spark plug:
DR8EA (NGK)
Installation
1. Measure the electrode gap with a wire thick-ness
gauge and, if necessary, adjust the gap to
specification.
① Spark plug wrench
Inspection
The spark plug is an important engine component and
is easy to inspect. The condition of the spark plug can
indicate the condition of the engine.
The ideal color on the white insulator around the center
electrode is a medium-to-light tan color for an ATV that
is being ridden normally.
Do not attempt to diagnose such problems yourself.
Spark plug gap:
0.6 0.7 mm (0.02 0.03 in)
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USER'S MANUAL
NOTE:
If a torque wrench is not available when you are
installing a spark plug, a good estimate of the correct
torque is 1/4 to 1/2 turn past finger tight. Have the spark
plug tightened to the specified torque as soon as possible.
4. Install the spark plug cap.
a Spark plug gap
2. Clean the surface of the spark plug gasket and its mating
surface, and then wipe off any grime from the spark
plug threads.
3. Install the spark plug and tighten it to the specified
torque.
Tightening torque:
Spark plug:
17.5 Nm (1.75 m·kgf, 12.5 ft · lbf)
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USER'S MANUAL
Air filter element cleaning.
NOTE:
There is a check hose at the bottom of the air filter case.
If dust or water collects in this hose, empty the hose and
clean the air filter element and air filter case.
① Holder ( 4)
② Air filter case cover
1 Air filter case check hose
1. Remove the seat. (See page 28 for seat removal and
installation procedures.)
2. Remove the air filter case cover by unhooking the holders.
3. Remove the air filter element assembly.
① Air filter element assembly
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USER'S MANUAL
4. Wash the element gently but thoroughly in solvent.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Using low flash point solvents or gasoline to clean the
air filter element.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Low flash point solvents or gasoline can catch fire or
explode.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Use parts cleaning solvent to clean the air filter element.
① Air filter element frame ② Air filter element
③ Lock plate
6. Squeeze the excess solvent out of the air filter element
and let it dry.
5. Wash the element gently but thoroughly in solvent.
Do not twist the air filter element when squeezing it.
7. Inspect the air filter element and replace it if damaged.
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USER'S MANUAL
8. Apply atv foam air filter oil or other quality foam air
filter oil to the air filter element.
NOTE:
The air filter element should be wet but not dripping.
9. Pull the air filter element over its frame, and then install
the lock plate.
10. Install the air filter element assembly.
11. Install the air filter case cover by hooking the fasteners
onto the air filter case.
12. Install the seat.
NOTE:
The air filter element should be cleaned every
20-40 hours. It should be cleaned and lubricated more
often if the machine is operated in extremely dusty areas.
Each time the air filter element maintenance is performed,
check the air inlet to the filter case for obstructions.
Check the air filter case rubber joint to the carburetor
and manifold fittings for an airtight seal. Tighten all
fittings securely to avoid the possibility of unfiltered
air entering the engine.
Never operate the engine with the air filter element removed.
This will allow unfiltered air to enter, causing rapid engine
wear and possible engine damage.
Additionally, operation without the air filter element will
affect carburetor jetting with subsequent poor performance
and possible engine overheating.
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USER'S MANUAL
V-belt cooling duct check hose
If dust or water collects in the V-belt cooling duct check
hose, remove the hose and clean it.
V-belt case drain plug
After riding in water deep enough to allow it to enter the
V-belt case, remove this plug to drain the water from the
case.
NOTE:
If water drains from the V-belt case after removing the
plug, have a dealer inspect the ATV as the water may
affect other engine parts.
① V-belt cooling duct check hose (Left front
side of ATV)
① V-belt case drain plug
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USER'S MANUAL
Spark arrester cleaning.
Be sure the exhaust pipe and muffler are cool before
cleaning the spark arrester.
1. Remove the bolts.
2. Remove the tailpipe by pulling it out of the muffler.
① Spark arrester
4. Insert the tailpipe into the muffler and align the bolt
holes.
5. Install and tighten the bolts.
① Bolt ( 3)
② Tailpipe
3. Tap the tailpipe lightly, and then use a wire brush to
remove any carbon deposits from the spark
arrester portion of the tailpipe.
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USER'S MANUAL
Carburetor adjustment
The carburetor is a vital part of the engine and requires
very sophisticated adjustment. Most adjusting should
be left to a ATV dealer who has the professional knowledge
and experience to do so. However, the idling speed may
be performed by the owner as a part of the usual maintenance
routine.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper cleaning of the spark arrester.Hot exhaust system.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could injure the eyes.
Could cause burns.
Could cause carbon monoxide poisoning,possibly leading
to death.
Could start a fire.
The carburetor was set at the ATV factory after many
tests. If the settings are disturbed by someone without
sufficient technical knowledge, poor engine performance
and damage may result.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
When cleaning the spark arrester:
Always let the exhaust system cool prior to touching
exhaust components.
Do not start the engine when cleaning the exhaust system.
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USER'S MANUAL
Idle speed adjustment
NOTE:
A diagnostic tachometer must be used for this procedure.
1. Start the engine and warm it up for a few minutes at
approximately 1,000 to 2,000 r/min. Occasionally
rev the engine to 4,000 to 5,000 r/min. The engine is
warm when it quickly responds to the throttle.
2. Connect the tachometer to the spark plug lead, and then
set the idle to the specified idling speed by adjusting
the throttle stop screw. Turn the screw in direction a to
increase the engine speed, and in direction b to decrease
the engine speed.
① Throttle stop screw
Valve clearance adjustment
The correct valve clearance changes with use,resulting
in improper fuel/air supply or engine noise. To prevent
this, the valve clearance must be adjusted regularly.
This adjustment however,should be left to a professional
ATV service technician.
Specified idle speed:
1,450-1,550 r/min
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USER'S MANUAL
Select lever safety system cable adjustment
Throttle lever adjustment.
The select lever safety system cable streches with use ,
NOTE:
Adjust the engine idling speed before adjusting the throttle
lever free play.
1. Loosen the locknut.
2. Turn the adjusting bolt until the throttle lever free play
is 3 5 mm (0.12- 0.20 in).
3. Tighten the locknut.
resulting in improper function. To prevent this, the cable
must be adjusted regularly.
This adjustment, however, should be left to a ATV dealer.
① Locknut
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② Adjusting bolt
USER'S MANUAL
Front brake pad check
Check the brake pads for damage and wear. If a brake
pad thickness is less than 1 mm (0.04 in), have a ATV
dealer replace the pads as a set.
a Throttle lever free play
a Brake pad thickness
NOTE:
The wheels need to be removed to check the brake pads.
(See pages 134--135 for removal and installation
procedures.)
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USER'S MANUAL
Rear brake shoe inspection
A wear indicator is provided on the rear brake.This indicator
allows checking of brake shoe wear without disassembling
the brake. Apply the rear brake and check the position
of the indicator.
If the indicator reaches the wear limit line, ask a ATV
dealer to replace shoes as a set.
Brake fluid level check
Insufficient brake fluid may let air enter the brake system,
possibly causing the brakes to become ineffective.
Before riding, check that the brake fluid is above the
minimum level mark and replenish if necessary.
A low brake fluid level may indicate worn brake pads
and/or brake system leakage. If the brake fluid level is
low, be sure to check the brake pads for wear and the
brake system for leakage.
Minimum level mark
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USER'S MANUAL
Recommended brake fluid: DOT 4
Refill with the same type of brake fluid. Mixing
fluids may result in a harmful chemical reaction and
lead to poor brake performance.
Be careful that water does not enter the brake fluid
reservoir when refilling. Water will significantly
lower the boiling point of the fluid and may result in
vapor lock.
Brake fluid may deteriorate painted surfaces or
plastic parts. Always clean up spilled fluid
immediately.
Have a dealer check the cause if the brake fluid level
goes down.
①
① Observe these precautions:
When checking the brake fluid level, make sure the top
of the brake fluid reservoir is level.
Use only the designated quality brake fluid, otherwise,
the rubber seals may deteriorate,causing leakage and
poor brake performance.
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USER'S MANUAL
Brake fluid replacement
Complete fluid replacement should be done only by
trained service personnel.
Have a dealer replace the following components during
periodic maintenance or when they are damaged or leaking.
Replace the oil seals every two years.
Replace the brake hoses every four years.
Front brake lever free play
The front brake lever should have a free play of zero mm
(zero in) at the lever end.
a Front brake lever free play
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USER'S MANUAL
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating with improperly serviced or adjusted brakes.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could lose braking ability, which could lead to an
accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
After servicing:
Make sure the brakes operate smoothly and that the
free play is correct.
Make sure the brakes do not drag.
Make sure the brakes are not spongy. All air must be
bled from the brake system.
Replacement of brake components requires professional
knowledge. These procedures should be performed by
ATV a dealer.
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USER'S MANUAL
Brake lever free play adjustment
1. Loosen the locknut and fully turn in the adjusting bolt
at the brake lever.
① Locknut
② Adjusting bolt
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USER'S MANUAL
2. Turn in the adjusting nut on brake cable toprovide a
gap of 0-1 mm (0-0.04 in) between the brake
camshaft lever and the pin.
3. Turn the adjusting bolt at the brake lever until the free
play at the brake lever pivot is 3-5mm (0.12-0.20 in).
① Locknut
② Adjusting bolt
a Rear brake lever free play
① Adjusting nut (brake lever cable) a Gap
4. Tighten the locknut.
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USER'S MANUAL
Adjusting the rear brake light switch
The rear brake light switch, which is activated by the
POTENTIAL HAZARD
brake pedal and rear brake lever, is properly adjusted
Operating with improperly serviced or adjusted brakes.
when the brake light comes on just before braking takes
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
effect. If necessary, adjust the brake light switch as follows.
You could lose braking ability, which could lead to an
1. Remove panel A. (See page 102 for panel removal and
accident.
installation procedures).
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
2. Turn the adjusting nut while holding the rear brake
After servicing:
light switch in place. To make the brake light come
Make sure the brakes operate smoothly and that the
on earlier, turn the adjusting nut in direction a .
free play is correct.
To make the brake light come on later, turn the
Make sure the brakes do not drag.
adjusting nut in direction b .
Replacement of brake components requires professional
knowledge. These procedures should be performed by a
ATV dealer.
Replacement of brake components requires professional
knowledge. These procedures should be performed by a
dealer.
131
3. Install the panel.
USER'S MANUAL
Cable inspection and lubrication
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Damaged control cables.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Corrosion can result when the outer covering of control
cables becomes damaged. Cables can also become frayed
or kinked. Operation of controls could be restricted,
which could cause an accident or injury.
① Rear brake light switch
② Adjusting nut
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Inspect cables frequently. Replace damaged cables.
Lubricate the inner cables and the cable ends. If the cables
do not operate smoothly, ask a ATV dealer to replace them.
Recommended lubricant:
chain and cable lube or SAE 10W30 motor oil
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USER'S MANUAL
Lubricating the brake levers and brake pedal Lubricate
the pivoting parts.
NOTE:
To access the brake pedal pivot, remove panel A.(See
page 102 for panel removal and installation procedures).
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
(all-purpose grease)
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USER'S MANUAL
Wheel removal.
1. Loosen the wheel nuts.
2. Elevate the ATV and place a suitable stand under the
frame.
3. Remove the nuts from the wheel.
4. Remove the wheel.
① Nut ( 4)
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USER'S MANUAL
Wheel installation.
1. Install the wheel and the nuts.
NOTE:
Tapered nuts are used for both the front and rear wheel.
Install the nut with its tapered side towards the wheel.
The arrow mark on the tire must point toward the rotating
direction of the wheel.
① Arrow mark
2. Lower the ATV so that the wheel is on the ground.
3. Tighten the wheel nuts to the specified torque.
Wheel nut torque:
Front: 55 Nm (5.5 m·kgf, 40 ft·lbf)
Rear: 55 Nm (5.5 m·kgf, 40 ft·lbf)
① Tapered nut
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USER'S MANUAL
Battery
This machine is equipped with a sealed-type battery.
Therefore it is not necessary to check the electrolyte or
add distilled water in the battery. If the battery seems
to have discharged, consult a ATV dealer.
Antidote:
EXTERNAL: Flush with water.
INTERNAL: Drink large quantities of water or milk.
Follow with milk of magnesia, beaten egg or vegetable
oil. Get prompt medical attention.
EYES: Flush with water for 15 minutes and get prompt
medical attention. Keep batteries away from sparks,
flames, cigarettes or other sources of ignition. Ventilate
when charging or using in a closed space.
Do not try to remove the sealing caps of the battery cells.
You may damage the battery.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to handle batteries or battery electrolyte carefully.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could be poisoned. You could be severely burned by
the sulfuric acid in battery electrolyte. Batteries produce
explosive gases.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Always shield
eyes when working near batteries. Keep out of reach of
children.
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USER'S MANUAL
Fuse replacement
1. The main fuse case and the fuse box are located under
the seat.
2. If a fuse is blown, turn off the main switch and install
a new fuse of the specified amperage. Then turn on
the switches. If the fuse immediately blows again,
consult a ATV dealer.
Battery maintenance
1. When the machine is not used for a month or longer,
remove the battery and store it in a cool, dark place.
Completely recharge the battery before
reinstallation.
A special battery charger (constant voltage/ampere or
constant voltage) is required for recharging a sealed-type
battery. Using a conventional battery charger may shorten
the battery life.
2. Always make sure the connections are correct when
putting the battery back in the machine.
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USER'S MANUAL
① Main fuse
③ Fuse box
①
②
③
④
⑤
② Spare main fuse
Headlight fuse
Ignition fuse
Four-wheel drive fuse
Signaling system fuse
Spare fuse ( 3)
Specified fuses:
Main fuse:
Headlight fuse:
Ignition fuse:
Four-wheel drive fuse:
Signaling system fuse:
138
30A
15 A
15 A
3A
10 A
USER'S MANUAL
Replacing a headlight bulb
If a headlight bulb burns out, replace it as follows.
1. Remove the bulb holder cover at the rear of the headlight
by pulling it off.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Using an improper fuse.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
An improper fuse can cause damage to the electrical
system which could lead to a fire.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always use a fuse of the specified rating. Never use a
material in place of the proper fuse.
To prevent accidental short-circuiting, turn off the main
switch when checking or replacing a fuse.
① Headlight bulb holder cover
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USER'S MANUAL
2. Remove the headlight bulb holder by turning it counte
rclockwise.
① Headlight bulb holder tab ( 2)
① Headlight bulb holder
3. Remove the defective bulb by unhooking the headlight
bulb holder tabs.
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USER'S MANUAL
POTENTIAL HAZARD
A headlight bulb is hot when it is on and immediately
after it is turned off.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You can be burned, or a fire could start if the bulb touches
something flammable.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Wait for the bulb to cool before touching or removing it.
① Do not touch the glass part of the bulb.
4. Insert a new headlight bulb into the bulb holder,and
then secure the bulb by hooking the tabs onto the bulb.
Do not touch the glass part of the headlight bulb to keep
it free from oil, otherwise the transparency of the glass,
the luminosity of the bulb, and the bulb life will be
adversely affected. Thoroughly clean off any dirt and
fingerprints on the headlight bulb using a cloth moistened
with alcohol or thinner.
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USER'S MANUAL
5. Install the headlight bulb holder by turning it clockwise.
6. Install the headlight bulb holder cover at the rear of
the headlight.
Headlight beam adjustment
It is advisable to have a ATV dealer make this adjustment.
To raise the beam, turn the adjusting screw in direction a .
To lower the beam, turn the adjusting screw in direction b.
① headinght beam adjusting screw
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USER'S MANUAL
Troubleshooting
Although ATV machines receive a rigid inspection before
shipment from the factory, trouble may occur during
operation. Any problem in the fuel, compression, or
ignition systems can cause poor starting and loss of power.
The troubleshooting chart describes a quick, easy procedure
for making checks. If your machine requires any repair,
take it to a ATV dealer. The skilled technicians at a ATV
dealership have the tools, experience, and knowhow to
properly service your machine. Use only genuine parts
on your machine.
Imitation parts may look like ATV parts, but they are often
inferior. Consequently, they have a shorter service life
and can lead to expensive repair bills.
Tail/brake light bulb replacement
If the tail/brake light bulb burns out, have a ATV dealer
replace it.
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USER'S MANUAL
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Checking the fuel system while smoking or near an open flame.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Fuel can ignite or explode, causing severe injury or property damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Do not smoke when checking the fuel system. Make sure there are no open flames or sparks in the area, including pilot
lights from water heaters or furnaces.
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USER'S MANUAL
tuen the cock
lever to “ON”.
1.Fuel
There is fuel.
turn the fuel cock
lever to “OFF”.
Remove the fuel hose
from the fuel cock.
Check if there is fuel
in the fueltank.
Some fuel.
Turn the fuel cock
lever to “RES”.
Restart the engine.
No fuel.
Supply fuel.
2.Compression
Use the electric starter
to see if there is
compression
Check the
fuel flow.
Nofuel.
fuel cock
is clogged.
Compression nomal.
There is compression.
No compression.
Ask a ATV dealer to inspect.
3. Lgnition
Remove thespark
plug and check the
electrodes.
Wet
Wipe clean with dry cloth.
Dry
Attach spark plug cap and
ground to chassis.
Spark is good.
Use the electric
starter.
4.Battery
Use the electric
starter.
Engine turns
over slowly.
Battery is good.
Engine turns
over quickly.
Check the battery lead connections,
and charge the battery if necessary.
145
Ignition system is
nomal.
Spark is weak.
No spark.
Adjust the spark
plug gap or replace
the spark plug.
Ask a ATV dealer to
inspect.
USER'S MANUAL
CLEANING AND STORAGE
A. CLEANING
Frequent, thorough cleaning of your machine will not
only enhance its appearance but will improve its general
performance and extend the useful life of many components.
1. Before cleaning the machine:
a. Block off the end of the exhaust pipe to prevent water
entry. A plastic bag and strong rubber band may be
used.
b. Make sure the spark plug and all filler caps are properly
installed.
2. If the engine case is excessively greasy,apply degreaser
with a paint brush. Do not apply degreaser to the
wheel axles.
3. Rinse the dirt and degreaser off with a garden hose.
Use only enough pressure to do the job.
Excessive water pressure may cause water seepage and
deterioration of wheel bearings, brakes, transmission
seals and electrical devices.
Many expensive repair bills have resulted from improper
high pressure detergent applications such as those available
in coinoperated car washers.
4. Once the majority of the dirt has been hosed off, wash
all surfaces with warm water and mild, detergenttype soap. An old toothbrush or bottle brush is handy
forhard-to-get-at places.
5. Rinse the machine off immediately with clean water
and dry all surfaces with a chamois, clean towel or
soft absorbent cloth.
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USER'S MANUAL
6. Clean the seat with a vinyl upholstery cleaner to keep
the cover pliable and glossy.
7. Automotive type wax may be applied to all painted
and chrome plated surfaces. Avoid combination
cleaner-waxes. Many contain abrasives which may mar
the paint or protective finish. When finished, start the
engine and let it idle for several minutes.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operation with wet brakes after washing.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability, increasing
the chance of an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Test the brakes after washing. Apply the brakes several
times at slow speeds to let friction dry out the linings.
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USER'S MANUAL
2. Remove the spark plug, pour about one tablespoon
of SAE 10W30 or 20W40 motor oil in the spark plug
hole and reinstall the spark plug.
Ground the spark plug wire and turn the engine over
several times to coat the cylinder wall with oil.
3. Lubricate all control cables.
4. Block up the frame to raise all wheels off the ground.
5. Tie aplastic bag over the exhaust pipe outlet to prevent
moisture from entering.
6. If storing in a humid or salt-air atmosphere,coat all
exposed metal surfaces with a light film of oil. Do
not apply oil to any rubber parts or the seat cover.
B. STORAGE
Long term storage (60 days or more) of your machine
will require some preventive proce dures to guard against
deterioration. After thoroughly cleaning the machine,
prepare for storage as follows:
1. Fill the fuel tank with fresh fuel and add the specified
amount of ATVFuel Stabilizer and Conditioner or
an equivalent product.
Specified amount:
1 oz of stabilizer to each gallon of fuel (or 7.5 cc of
stabilizer to each liter of fuel)
NOTE:
Use of fuel stabilizer and conditioner eliminates the need
to drain the fuel system. Consult a ATV dealer if the fuel
system needsto be drained instead.
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USER'S MANUAL
7. Remove the battery and charge it. Store it in a dry place and recharge it once a month. Do not store the battery in an
excessively warm or cold place (less than 0 ° C(30 °F) or more than30 °C (90 ° F)).
NOTE:
Make any necessary repairs before storing the machine.
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USER'S MANUAL
SPECIFICATIONS
Model
Rd400
Di mensions:
Overall length
Overall width
Overall height
Seat height
Wheel base
Ground clearance
Minimum turing radius
76.8in
41.3in
42.9in
32.3in
48.2in
9.6 in
118.1in
Basic weight:
With o il and full fuel tank
577.7 lbs
Engine:
Engine type
Cylinder arrangement
Di splacement
Bore I stroke
Compression ratio
Star ting system
Lubrication system
Oil cooling 4-stroke, SOHC
Forward-inclined single cylinder
387cc
83* 71.6 mm
9.50 :1
Electronic Ignition with recoil
Wet sump
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USER'S MANUAL
Rd400
Model
Final gear case oil:
Type
Quantity:
SAE80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil
0.23 L (0.20 Imp qt, 0.24 US qt)
Differen tial gear case oi l:
Type
Quantity:
SAE80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil
0.35 L (0.31 Imp qt, 0.37 US qt)
Air filter :
Wet element
Fuel:
Type
Fuel tank capacity
Fuel reser ve amount
UNLEADED GASOLINE ONLY
13.5 L (2.97 lmp gal, 3.57 US gal)
3.3 L (0.73 lmp gal, 0.87 US gal)
Carburetor:
Type/quantity
Manufacturer
PD33G
Spark plug:
Type/manufacturer
Spark plug gap
DR8EA / NGK
0.6 0.7 mm (0.02 0.03 in)
Clutch type:
Wet, centrifugal automatic
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USER'S MANUAL
Model
Rd400
Transmission:
Primary reduction system
Secondary reduction system
Secondary reduction ratio
Transmission type
Operation
Forward gear
Reverse gear
V-belt
Shaft dr ive
41/21 24/18 33/9 (9.545)
V-belt automatic
Left hand operation
35/20 (1.750 )
26/15 (1.733)
Chassis:
Frame type
Caster angle
Trail
Steel tube frame
4
21 mm (0.83 in)
Tire:
Type
Size
Tubeless
AT25 8 - 12
AT25 10 - 12
Brake:
Front brake
Rear brake
type
operation
type
operation
Dual disc brake
Righ t han d operation
Single disc brake
Left hand and r ight foot operation
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USER'S MANUAL
Model
Rd400
Suspension:
Front suspension
Re ar suspension
Double wishbone
Swingarm (monocross)
Shock absorber:
Front shock absorber
Rear shock absorber
Coil spring / oil damper
Coil spring / oil damper
Wheel travel:
Front wheel travel
Rear wheel travel
160 mm (6.30 in)
180 mm (7.09 in)
Electrical:
Ignition system
Generator system
Battery type
Battery capacity
DC-C.D.I.
A.C. magneto
YTX14AH
12 V, 12 Ah
Head li ght type:
Krypton bulb
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USER'S MANUAL
Model
Rd400
Bulb voltage, wattage !A quantity:
Headlight
Tail/brake light
Neutral indicator light
Reverse indicator light
Oil temperature warning light
Four-wheel drive indicator light
12 V, 30/30 W 2
12 V, 5/21 W 1
12 V, 1.7 W 1
12 V, 1.7 W 1
12 V, 1.7 W 1
12 V, 1.7 W 1
Fuses:
Main fuse
Headlight fuse
Ignition fuse
Four-wheel drive fuse
Signaling system fuse
30 A
15 A
15 A
3A
10 A
154
USER'S MANUAL
NOISE REGULATION
TAMPERING WITH NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM PROHIBITED:
Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing thereof:
(1) The removal or rendering inoperative by any person other than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or replacement
of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its
sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use or
(2) the use of the vehicle after such device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any
person.
“AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE THE ACTS LISTED BELOW.”
These acts include tampering with the following systems; i.e., modification, removal, etc.
Exhaust
system
Muffler
Exhaust pipe
Silencer
Intake system
Air cleaner case
Air cleaner element
Intake duct
155
USER'S MANUAL
MAINTENANCE RECORDS
Mileage
Date
Times
Items Maintained
1
M
D
Y
500
Oil
2
M
D
Y
1000
Oil/Filter
All nuts
3
M
D
Y
1500
Oil/Filter
4
M
D
Y
3000
Oil/Filter
5
M
D
Y
4500
Oil/Filter
6
M
D
Y
6000
Oil/Filter
Air Filter
7
M
D
Y
7500
Oil/Filter
8
M
D
Y
9000
Oil/Filter
9
M
D
Y
10500
10
M
D
Y
12000
Oil/Filter
Oil/Filter
Spark plug/Brake fluid
156
Dealer
USER'S MANUAL
MAINTENANCE RECORDS
Mileage(km)
Date
Times
11
M
D
Y
12
M
D
Y
13
M
D
Y
14
M
D
Y
15
M
D
Y
16
M
D
Y
17
M
D
Y
18
M
D
Y
19
M
D
Y
20
M
D
Y
10000
Items Maintained
Oil / Air Cleaner
Spark plug / Brake fluid
157
Dealer
USER'S MANUAL
Warranty Registration
Within 7 days dealer must register product warranty after a vehicle is sold. QLINK MOTOR will keep record of all
the registration forms for the warranty policy on all the units.
No warranty claim will be processed unless the product warranty is registered with QLINK MOTOR.
Vehicle Owner's Responsibilities:
Vehicle's owner must properly use, maintain and care for the vehicle as outline in the QLINK MOTOR owner's
manual.
Owner of the unit must service and maintain the vehicle according to the Service Schedule and Record Sheet in
order to maintain the warranty.*
Any warranty repairs must be performed ONLY by authorized QLINK MOTOR dealers.
Any warranty work done by an unauthorized QLINK MOTOR dealer will not be covered under the warranty policy.
Periodic services and inspections can be performed by authorized QLINK MOTOR dealer or any reputable cycle
repair shop.
*Periodic service and inspections are considered regular maintenance and not reimbursable.
Authorized QLINK Dealer's Responsibilities:
Warranty repairs will be made at no charge for parts and labor to the consumer or the dealer.
Any replacement parts will be replaced with new parts.
Warranty terms and rights may vary from state to state.
Any implied warranty of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose shall be limited to the duration of this
written warranty.
158
USER'S MANUAL
Limited Warranty
All new QLINK MOTOR motorcycles and scooters are covered with 2 YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY, and ATVs
are covered with 1 YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY. Only QLINK MOTOR authorized dealers can submit warranty
claim not consumers. The warranty registration needs to be on file with QLINK MOTOR before a warranty claim
can be processed, unless the claim is due to shipping or crate damage and the unit has not yet been sold.
Initial dealer pre-delivery inspections and set up of the product is very important in ensuring trouble free operation.
SELLING A UNIT IN THE CRATE OR WITHOUT THE PROPER SET UP WILL VOID ALL WARRANTY
COVERAGE!
Warranty starts from date of purchase by the consumer from their QLINK MOTOR dealer for all QLINK MOTOR
products. During the warranty policy period, QLINK MOTOR will only cover all warranty parts and labor. The
dealer is required to order parts for all warranty work to be performed and once the work is completed, the dealer
should submit a warranty claim for full labor reimbursement within 7 days.
The following parts are covered under warranty, along with their warranted period:
159
USER'S MANUAL
Motorcycle / Scooter:
Covered Parts
Description
Covered Period
Motor
Engine & Transmission
2
Mechanical Components
Carburetor
2 Years
(Unlimited Miles)
Electrical
Harness, CDI, Inst. Cluster
2 Years
(Unlimited Miles)
Battery (when purchased with new unit)
Battery
30 Days (Unlimited Miles)
Suspension
Shocks, Forks
1 Year
(Unlimited Miles)
Brake
Caliper
2 Years
(Unlimited Miles)
Exhaust
Header pipe, Muffler
2 Years
(Unlimited Miles)
Pulleys
Moveable Gearshift Pulley
90 days (Unlimited Miles)
Clutch
CVT/Manual Clutch
90 days (Unlimited Miles)
160
Years (Unlimited Miles)
USER'S MANUAL
ATV:
Covered Parts
Description
Covered Period
Motor
Engine & Transmission
1
Mechanical Components
Carburetor
1 Year
(Unlimited Miles)
Electrical
Harness, CDI, Inst. Cluster
1 Year
(Unlimited Miles)
Battery (when purchased with new unit) Battery
30 Days
(Unlimited Miles)
Suspension
Shocks, Forks
1 Year
(Unlimited Miles)
Exhaust
Header pipe, Muffler
1 Year
(Unlimited Miles)
Pulleys
Moveable Gearshift pulley
90 day
(Unlimited Miles)
Clutch
CVT/Manual Clutch
90 days
(Unlimited Miles)
161
Year
(Unlimited Miles)
USER'S MANUAL
Parts Not Covered Under Warranty:
Spark Plugs
Throttle Cable, Idle Cable
Brake Line Cable, Clutch Cable
Drive Chains, Drive Belts
Air Cleaner’s Element & Bracket
Rear Brake Shoes
Front / Rear Brake Pads
Swing Arm Bushing
Light Bulbs
Fuses
Rubber Parts
Front / Rear Tires & Tubes
Front / Rear Rims
Gear / Engine Oil
Front / Rear Brake Rotors
Brake / Clutch Levers
Steering Stem Bearings
Floor Boards / Pegs
Oil / Fuel Filters
Grips
Motor Mount Bushing
Any damage which results from the following are not covered by warranty:
Unavoidable natural disasters, fire, collision, theft, improper storage or transportation, negligence of the periodic
maintenance is not covered, improper repair or adjustment or maintenance, using product as a rental vehicle or
commercial use, unauthorized modification made to the product, keeping riding when the vehicle is overheating,
installing performance parts or components on the vehicle that changes the original engineering.
162