McCulloch 2013 Operator`s manual

M13538
M14538
English
Gasoline containing up to 10% ethanol (E10) is acceptable for use in this machine. The
use of any gasoline exceeding 10% ethanol (E10) will void the product warranty.
Please read the operator's manual carefully and make sure you understand the instructions
before using the machine.
532 43 45-03 Rev. 3
SAFETY RULES
Safe Operation Practices for Ride-On Mowers
DANGER: THIS CUTTING MACHINE IS CAPABLE OF AMPUTATING HANDS AND FEET AND THROWING OBJECTS. FAILURE
TO OBSERVE THE FOLLOWING SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS COULD RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
•
WARNING: In order to prevent accidental
starting when setting up, transporting,
adjusting or making repairs, always disconnect spark plug wire and place wire where
it cannot contact spark plug.
•
WARNING: Do not coast down a hill in neutral, you may lose control of the tractor.
II. SLOPE OPERATION
Slopes are a major factor related to loss of control and tipover accidents, which can result in severe injury or death.
Operation on all slopes requires extra caution. If you cannot
back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do not mow it.
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Mow up and down slopes, not across.
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Watch for holes, ruts, bumps, rocks, or other hidden objects. Uneven terrain could overturn the machine. Tall
grass can hide obstacles.
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Choose a low ground speed so that you will not have to
stop or shift while on the slope.
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Do not mow on wet grass. Tires may lose traction.
Always keep the machine in gear when going down slopes.
Do not shift to neutral and coast downhill.
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Avoid starting, stopping, or turning on a slope. If the tires
lose traction, disengage the blades and proceed slowly
straight down the slope.
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Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual. Do
not make sudden changes in speed or direction, which
could cause the machine to roll over.
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Use extra care while operating machine with grass catchers or other attachments; they can affect the stability of
the machine. Do no use on steep slopes.
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Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your foot
on the ground.
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Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments.
The machine could suddenly roll over if a wheel is over
the edge or if the edge caves in.
WARNING: Tow only the attachments that
are recommended by and comply with
specifications of the manufacturer of your
tractor. Use common sense when towing.
Operate only at the lowest possible speed
when on a slope. Too heavy of a load, while
on a slope, is dangerous. Tires can lose
traction with the ground and cause you to
lose control of your tractor.
I. GENERAL OPERATION
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Follow the manufacturer's recommendation for wheel
weights or counterweights.
Keep machine free of grass, leaves or other debris build-up
which can touch hot exhaust / engine parts and burn. Do
not allow the mower deck to plow leaves or other debris
which can cause build-up to occur. Clean any oil or fuel
spillage before operating or storing the machine. Allow
machine to cool before storage.
Read, understand, and follow all instructions on the machine and in the manual before starting.
Do not put hands or feet near rotating parts or under the
machine. Keep clear of the discharge opening at all times.
Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with the
instructions, to operate the machine.
Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire, etc.,
which could be picked up and thrown by the blades.
Ensure the area is clear of bystanders before operating.
Stop machine if anyone enters the area.
Never carry passengers.
Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary.
Always look down and behind before and while backing.
Never direct discharged material toward anyone. Avoid
discharging material against a wall or obstruction. Material
may ricochet back toward the operator. Stop the blades
when crossing gravel surfaces.
Do not operate machine without the entire grass catcher, discharge chute, or other safety devices in place and working.
Slow down before turning.
Never leave a running machine unattended. Always turn
off blades, set parking brake, stop engine, and remove
keys before dismounting.
Disengage blades when not mowing. Shut off engine
and wait for all parts to come to a complete stop before
cleaning the machine, removing the grass catcher, or
unclogging the discharge chute.
Operate machine only in daylight or good artificial light.
Do not operate the machine while under the influence of
alcohol or drugs.
Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing roadways.
Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine
into a trailer or truck.
Always wear eye protection when operating machine.
Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and above,
are involved in a large percentage of riding mower-related
injuries. These operators should evaluate their ability to
operate the riding mower safely enough to protect themselves and others from serious injury.
2
SAFETY RULES
Safe Operation Practices for Ride-On Mowers
III. CHILDREN
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WARNING. CHILDREN CAN BE INJURED BY
THIS EQUIPMENT. The American Academy
of Pediatrics recommends that children be a
minimum of 12 year of age before operating
a pedestrian controlled lawn mower and a
minimum of 16 years of age before operating
a riding lawn mower.
If fuel is spilled on clothing, change clothing immediately.
Never overfill fuel tank. Replace gas cap and tighten
securely.
GENERAL SERVICE
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Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to the
presence of children. Children are often attracted to the machine and the mowing activity. Never assume that children
will remain where you last saw them.
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Keep children out of the mowing area and in the watchful
care of a responsible adult other than the operator.
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Be alert and turn machine off if a child enters the area.
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Before and while backing, look behind and down for small
children.
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Never carry children, even with the blades shut off. They
may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with safe
machine operation. Children who have been given rides
in the past may suddenly appear in the mowing area
for another ride and be run over or backed over by the
machine.
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Never allow children to operate the machine.
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Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs,
trees, or other objects that may block your view of a child.
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Never operate machine in a closed area.
Keep all nuts and bolts tight to ensure the equipment is
in safe working condition.
Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper
operation regularly.
Keep machine free of grass, leaves, or other debris buildup. Clean oil or fuel spillage and remove any fuel-soaked
debris. Allow machine to cool before storing.
If you strike a foreign object, stop and inspect the machine.
Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
Never make any adjustments or repairs with the engine
running.
Check grass catcher components and the discharge chute
frequently and replace with manufacturer's recommended
parts, when necessary.
Mower blades are sharp. Wrap the blade or wear gloves,
and use extra caution when servicing them.
Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service as
required.
Maintain or replace safety and instruction labels, as necessary.
IV. TOWING
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Tow only with a machine that has a hitch designed for
towing. Do not attach towed equipment except at the hitch
point.
Follow the manufacturer's recommendation for weight
limits for towed equipment and towing on slopes.
Never allow children or others in or on towed equipment.
On slopes, the weight of the towed equipment may cause
loss of traction and loss of control.
Travel slowly and allow extra distance to stop.
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V. SERVICE
SAFE HANDLING OF GASOLINE
To avoid personal injury or property damage, use extreme
care in handling gasoline. Gasoline is extremely flammable
and the vapors are explosive.
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Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and other sources
of ignition.
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Use only approved gasoline container.
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Never remove gas cap or add fuel with the engine running.
Allow engine to cool before refueling.
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Never fuel the machine indoors.
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Never store the machine or fuel container where there
is an open flame, spark, or pilot light such as on a water
heater or other appliances.
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Never fill containers inside a vehicle or on a truck or
trailer bed with plastic liner. Always place containers on
the ground away from your vehicle when filling.
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Remove gas-powered equipment from the truck or trailer
and refuel it on the ground. If this is not possible, then
refuel such equipment with a portable container, rather
than from a gasoline dispenser nozzle.
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Keep the nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel tank or
container opening at all times until fueling is complete.
Do not use a nozzle lock-open device.
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3
Ensure the area is clear of bystanders before operating.
Stop machine if anyone enters the area.
Never carry passengers.
Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary.
Always look down and behind before and while backing.
Never carry children, even with the blades shut off. They
may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with safe
machine operation. Children who have been given rides
in the past may suddenly appear in the mowing area
for another ride and be run over or backed over by the
machine.
Keep children out of the mowing area and in the watchful
care of a responsible adult other than the operator.
Be alert and turn machine off if a child enters the area.
Before and while backing, look behind and down for small
children.
Mow up and down slopes (15° Max), not across.
Choose a low ground speed so that you will not have to
stop or shift while on the slope.
Avoid starting, stopping, or turning on a slope. If the tires
lose traction, disengage the blades and proceed slowly
straight down the slope.
If machine stops while going uphill, disengage blades,
shift into reverse and back down slowly.
Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then, turn
slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
When loading or unloading this machine, do not exceed
the maximum recommended operation angle of 15°.
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
Gasoline Capacity
and Type:
1.50 Gallons/5,67 L
Unleaded Regular
Oil Type (API-SG-SL):
SAE 30 (above 32°F/0°C)
SAE 5W-30 (below 32°F/0°C)
Oil Capacity:
W/Filter:
W/O Filter:
Spark Plug:
Champion QC12YC
(Gap: .030"/0,76mm)
Charging System:
3 Amps Battery
5 Amps Headlights
Battery:
Min. CCA:
AMP/HR:
Blade Torque:
Case Size:
CONGRATULATIONS on your purchase of a new tractor.
It has been designed, engineered and manufactured to give
you the best possible dependability and performance.
Should you experience any problem you cannot easily
remedy, please contact your nearest authorized service
center/department. We have competent, well-trained technicians and the proper tools to service or repair this tractor.
Please read and retain this manual. The instructions will
enable you to assemble and maintain your tractor properly.
Always observe the “SAFETY RULES”.
56 Oz./1,65L
48 Oz./1,4L
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES
28
230
U1R
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45-55 Ft. Lbs./62-75 Nm
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Read and observe the safety rules.
Follow a regular schedule in maintaining, caring for
and using your tractor.
Follow the instructions under “Maintenance” and “Storage” sections of this manual.
WARNING: This tractor is equipped with an internal combustion engine and should not be used on or near any unimproved forest-covered, brush-covered or grass-covered
land unless the engine’s exhaust system is equipped with
a spark arrester meeting applicable local or state laws (if
any). If a spark arrester is used, it should be maintained
in effective working order by the operator.
A spark arrester for the muffler is available through your
nearest authorized service center/department.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY RULES ......................................................... 2-3
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS ....................................... 4
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES................................. 4
ASSEMBLY ................................................................. 6-7
OPERATION ............................................................. 8-13
4
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE ...................................... 14
MAINTENANCE ..................................................... 14-17
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS ............................ 18-23
STORAGE .................................................................... 24
TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................ 25-26
UNASSEMBLED PARTS
Steering Wheel
(1) Lock
Steering
Washer
(1) Large
Wheel Insert
Flat Washer
Steering
Wheel
(1) Hex Bolt
Steering
Steering Wheel
Adapter
Extension
Shaft
Steering Boot
Seat
Battery
(2) Hex Bolts
(1) Seat
Keys
(1) Washer
Oil Drain Extension
Key(s)
5
(1) Knob
(2) Nut Keps
Slope Sheet
ASSEMBLY
Your new tractor has been assembled at the factory with exception of those parts left unassembled for shipping purposes.
To ensure safe and proper operation of your tractor all parts and hardware you assemble must be tightened securely. Use
the correct tools as necessary to insure proper tightness.
TOOLS REQUIRED FOR ASSEMBLY
TO INSTALL STEERING WHEEL (See Fig. 2)
A socket wrench set will make assembly easier. Standard
wrench sizes are listed.
(1) 5/16" wrench
Utility knife
(2) 7/16" wrenches
Tire pressure gauge
(2) 1/2" wrenches
Pliers
(1) 9/16" wrench
When right or left hand is mentioned in this manual, it means
when you are in the operating position (seated behind the
steering wheel).
ASSEMBLE EXTENSION SHAFT AND BOOT
• Slide extension shaft onto lower steering shaft.
• Place tabs of steering boot over tab slots in dash and
push down to secure.
INSTALL STEERING WHEEL
• Position front wheels of the tractor so they are pointing
straight forward.
• Remove steering wheel adapter from steering wheel
and slide adapter onto steering shaft extension.
• Position steering wheel so cross bars are horizontal
(left to right) and slide inside boot and onto adapter.
• Assemble large flat washer, lock washer, hex bolt and
tighten securely.
• Snap steering wheel insert into center of steering
wheel.
• Remove protective materials from tractor hood and
grill.
TO REMOVE TRACTOR FROM CARTON
UNPACK CARTON
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Remove all accessible loose parts and parts cartons
from carton .
Cut along dotted lines on all four panels of carton.
Remove end panels and lay side panels flat.
Check for any additional loose parts or cartons and
remove.
IMPORTANT: CHECK FOR AND REMOVE ANY STAPLES IN
SKID THAT MAY PUNCTURE TIRES WHERE TRACTOR IS TO
ROLL OFF SKID.
BEFORE REMOVING TRACTOR FROM
SKID
INSERT
BOLT
TO CHECK BATTERY (See Fig. 1)
•
LOCK
WASHER
Lift seat to raised position.
NOTE: If this battery is put into service after month and
year indicated on label (label is located between terminals)
charge battery for minimum of one hour at 6-10 amps.
(See "BATTERY" in Maintenance section of this manual
for charging instructions).
•
LARGE FLAT
WASHER
For battery and battery cable installation see "REPLACING BATTERY" in the "Service and Adjustments"
section in this manual.
STEERING
WHEEL
STEERING BOOT
ADAPTER
LABEL
EXTENSION
SHAFT
TAB
LOWER
STEERING
SHAFT
TAB
SLOT
Fig. 1
Fig. 2
6
ASSEMBLY
INSTALL SEAT (See Fig. 3)
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
Adjust seat before tightening adjustment knob.
• Remove adjustment knob and flat washer securing
seat to cardboard packing and set aside for assembly
of seat to tractor.
• Pivot seat upward and remove from the cardboard packing. Remove the cardboard packing and discard.
• Place seat on seat pan so head of shoulder bolts are
positioned over the large slotted holes in pan.
• Push down on seat to engage shoulder bolts in slots
and pull seat towards rear of tractor.
• Pivot seat and pan forward and assemble adjustment
knob and flat washer loosely. Do not tighten.
• Lower seat into operating position and sit in seat.
• Slide seat until a comfortable position is reached which
allows you to press clutch/brake pedal all the way
down.
• Get off seat without moving its adjusted position.
• Raise seat and tighten adjustment knob securely.
The tires on your tractor were overinflated at the factory
for shipping purposes. Correct tire pressure is important
for best cutting performance.
• Reduce tire pressure to PSI shown on tires.
CHECK DECK LEVELNESS
For best cutting results, mower housing should be properly
leveled. See “TO LEVEL MOWER” in the Service and
Adjustments section of this manual.
CHECK FOR POSITION OF ALL BELTS
See the figures that are shown for replacing motion and
mower blade drive belts in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual. Verify that the belts are routed correctly.
CHECK BRAKE SYSTEM
After you learn how to operate your tractor, check to see that
the brake is operating properly. See “TO CHECK BRAKE”
in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual.
✓CHECKLIST
SEAT
SHOULDER
BOLTS
BEFORE YOU OPERATE YOUR NEW TRACTOR, WE
WISH TO ASSURE THAT YOU RECEIVE THE BEST
PERFORMANCE AND SATISFACTION FROM THIS
QUALITY PRODUCT.
PLEASE REVIEW THE FOLLOWING CHECKLIST:
SEAT
PAN
✓
✓
✓
✓
✓
WASHER
02617
ADJUSTMENT
KNOB
02615
✓
Fig. 3
NOTE: You may now roll your tractor off the skid. Continue
using the instructions that follow to remove the tractor from
the skid.
WARNING: Before starting, read, understand and follow all instructions in the Operation section of this manual.
Ensure tractor is in a well-ventilated area. Ensure the area
in front of tractor is clear of other people and objects.
✓
✓
All assembly instructions have been completed.
No remaining loose parts in carton.
Battery is properly prepared and charged.
Seat is adjusted comfortably and tightened securely.
All tires are properly inflated. (For shipping purposes,
the tires were overinflated at the factory).
Be sure mower deck is properly leveled side-to-side/
front-to-rear for best cutting results. (Tires must be
properly inflated for leveling).
Check mower and drive belts. Be sure they are routed
properly around pulleys and inside all belt keepers.
Check wiring. See that all connections are still secure
and wires are properly clamped.
WHILE LEARNING HOW TO USE YOUR TRACTOR, PAY
EXTRA ATTENTION TO THE FOLLOWING IMPORTANT
ITEMS:
TO ROLL TRACTOR OFF SKID (See Operation
section for location and function of controls)
✓
✓
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Raise attachment lift lever to its highest position.
Release parking brake by depressing clutch/brake
pedal.
• Place gearshift lever in neutral position.
• Roll tractor forward off skid.
• Remove banding holding the deflector shield up against
tractor.
Continue with the instructions that follow.
✓
✓
✓
7
Engine oil is at proper level.
Fuel tank is filled with fresh, clean, regular unleaded
gasoline.
Become familiar with all controls, their location and
function. Operate them before you start the engine.
Be sure brake system is in safe operating condition.
Be sure Operator Presence System and Reverse Operation System (ROS) are working properly (See the
Operation and Maintenance sections in this manual).
OPERATION
These symbols may appear on your tractor or in literature supplied with the product. Learn and understand their meaning.
REVERSE
ENGINE OFF
LIGHTS ON
NEUTRAL
REVERSE
OPERATION
SYSTEM (ROS)
FUEL
HIGH
LOW
ENGINE ON
BATTERY
CHOKE
ENGINE START
REVERSE
FAST
IGNITION SWITCH
PARKING BRAKE
FORWARD
SLOW
MOWER HEIGHT
MOWER LIFT
CLUTCH/BRAKE
PEDAL
CRUISE CONTROL
15
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH DISENGAGED
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH ENGAGED
DANGER, KEEP HANDS
AND FEET AWAY
15
SLOPE HAZARDS
KEEP AREA CLEAR
(SEE SAFETY RULES SECTION)
DANGER indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
will result in death or serious injury.
FREE WHEEL
(Automatic Models only)
WARNING indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
could result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
might result in minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION when used without the alert symbol,
indicates a situation that could result in damage
to the tractor and/or engine.
Failure to follow instructions
could result in serious injury or
death. The safety alert symbol
is used to identify safety information about hazards which can
result in death, serious injury
and/or property damage.
HOT SURFACES indicates a hazard which,
if not avoided, could result in death, serious injury
and/or property damage.
FIRE indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
could result in death, serious injury and/or
property damage.
8
OPERATION
KNOW YOUR TRACTOR
READ THIS MANUAL AND SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATING YOUR TRACTOR
Compare the illustrations with your tractor to familiarize yourself with the locations of various controls and adjustments.
Save this manual for future reference.
H
E
D
B
G
F
A
C
J
Fig. 4
Our tractors conform to the applicable safety standards of the American National Standards Institute.
(E) ATTACHMENT CLUTCH LEVER - Used to engage the
mower blades, or other attachments mounted to your tractor.
(F) IGNITION SWITCH - Used for starting and stopping
the engine.
(G) REVERSE OPERATION SYSTEM (ROS) “ON” POSITION - Allows operation of mower deck or other powered
attachment while in reverse.
(H) LIGHT SWITCH - Turns the headlights on and off.
(J) GEARSHIFT LEVER - Selects the speed and direction
of tractor.
(A) ATTACHMENT LIFT LEVER - Used to raise, lower,
and adjust the mower deck or other attachments mounted
to your tractor.
(B) CLUTCH/BRAKE PEDAL - Used for declutching and
braking the tractor and starting the engine.
(C) PARKING BRAKE - Locks clutch/brake pedal into the
brake position.
(D) THROTTLE/CHOKE CONTROL - Used for starting
and controlling engine speed.
9
OPERATION
The operation of any tractor can result in foreign objects thrown into the eyes, which can result
in severe eye damage. Always wear safety glasses or eye shields while operating your tractor or
performing any adjustments or repairs. We recommend a wide vision safety mask over spectacles
or standard safety glasses.
HOW TO USE YOUR TRACTOR
ENGINE • Move throttle control (D) to fast position.
NOTE: Failure to move throttle control between half and full
speed (fast) position, before stopping may cause engine
to “backfire”.
• Turn ignition key (F) to “STOP” position and remove
key. Always remove key when leaving tractor to prevent
unauthorized use.
• Never use the choke to stop the engine.
TO SET PARKING BRAKE (See Fig. 5)
Your tractor is equipped with an operator presence sensing switch. When engine is running, any attempt by the
operator to leave the seat without first setting the parking
brake will shut off the engine.
• Depress clutch/brake pedal (B) all the way down and
hold.
• Pull parking brake lever (C) up and hold, release pressure from clutch/brake pedal (B), then release parking
brake lever. Pedal should remain in brake position.
Make sure parking brake will hold tractor secure.
IMPORTANT: LEAVING THE IGNITION SWITCH IN ANY
POSITION OTHER THAN "STOP" WILL CAUSE THE BATTERY
TO BE DISCHARGED, (DEAD).
NOTE: Under certain conditions when tractor is standing
idle with the engine running, hot engine exhaust gases may
cause “browning” of grass. To eliminate this possibility, always stop engine when stopping tractor on grass areas.
C
B
CAUTION: Always stop tractor completely, as described above, and set
parking brake before leaving the operator's position.
Fig. 5
TO USE THROTTLE CONTROL (D)
(See Fig. 7)
STOPPING (See Fig. 6)
MOWER BLADES • To stop mower blades, place attachment clutch control
in the “DISENGAGED” position ( ).
Always operate engine at full speed (fast).
• Operating engine at less than full speed (fast) reduces
engine's operating efficiency.
• Full speed (fast) offers the best mower performance.
F
D
(
) ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH SWITCH
“DISENGAGED”
(
) ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH SWITCH
“ENGAGED”
Fig. 6
GROUND DRIVE • To stop ground drive, depress clutch/brake pedal into
full “BRAKE” position.
• Move gearshift lever (J) to neutral position.
Fig. 7
10
OPERATION
TO OPERATE MOWER
TO MOVE FORWARD AND BACKWARD
(See Fig. 8)
Your tractor is equipped with an operator presence sensing
switch. Any attempt by the operator to leave the seat with
the engine running and the attachment clutch engaged will
shut off the engine. You must remain fully and centrally
positioned in the seat to prevent the engine from hesitating or cutting off when operating your equipment on rough,
rolling terrain or hills.
• Select desired height of cut. (See "TO ADJUST MOWER
CUTTING HEIGHT".)
• Start mower blades by engaging attachment clutch
control.
The direction and speed of movement is controlled by the
gearshift lever (J).
J
TO STOP MOWER BLADES
Disengage attachment clutch control.
CAUTION: Do not operate the mower
without either the entire grass catcher, on
mowers so equipped, or the deflector chute
in place (See Fig. 10).
Fig. 8
1. Start tractor with clutch/brake pedal depressed and
gearshift lever in neutral position.
2. Move gearshift lever to desired position.
3. Slowly release clutch/brake pedal to start movement.
IMPORTANT: Bring tractor to a complete stop before shifting
or changing gears. Failure to do so will shorten the useful
life of your transaxle.
TO ADJUST MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT
(See Fig. 9)
The position of the attachment lift lever (A) determines the
cutting height.
Fig. 10
REVERSE OPERATION SYSTEM (ROS)
(See Fig. 11)
A
Your tractor is equipped with a Reverse Operation System
(ROS). Any attempt by the operator to travel in the reverse
direction with the attachment clutch engaged will shut off
the engine unless ignition key is placed in the ROS "ON"
position.
WARNING: Backing up with the attachment clutch engaged while mowing is strongly discouraged. Turning the
ROS "ON", to allow reverse operation with the attachment
clutch engaged, should only be done when the operator
decides it is necessary to reposition the machine with the
attachment engaged. Do not mow in reverse unless
absolutely necessary.
Fig. 9
•
Put attachment lift lever in desired cutting height slot.
The cutting height range is approximately 1 to 4" (25,4 to
101,6 mm). The heights are measured from the ground to
the blade tip with the engine not running. These heights are
approximate and may vary depending upon soil conditions,
height of grass and types of grass being mowed.
•
The average lawn should be cut to approximately
2-1/2" (63,5 mm) during the cool season and to over 3"
(76,2 mm) during hot months. For healthier and better
looking lawns, mow often and after moderate growth.
•
For best cutting performance, grass over 6" (152,4 mm)
in height should be mowed twice. Make the first cut
relatively high; the second to desired height.
USING THE REVERSE OPERATION SYSTEM Only use if you are certain no children or other bystanders
will enter the mowing area.
• Depress clutch/brake pedal all the way down and hold.
• With engine running, turn ignition key counterclockwise
to ROS "ON" position.
• Look down and behind before backing.
• Move gear shift lever to reverse (R) position and slowly
release clutch/brake pedal to start movement.
11
OPERATION
•
BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE
When use of the ROS is no longer needed, turn the
ignition key clockwise to engine "ON" position.
CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL
The engine in your tractor has been shipped from the factory already filled with summer weight oil.
• Check engine oil with tractor on level ground.
• Remove oil fill cap/dipstick and wipe clean, reinsert the
dipstick and screw cap tight, wait for a few seconds,
remove and read oil level. If necessary, add oil until
“FULL” mark on dipstick is reached. Do not overfill.
• For cold weather operation you should change oil for
easier starting. (See “OIL VISCOSITY CHART” in the
Maintenance section of this manual.)
• To change engine oil, see the Maintenance section in
this manual.
02828
ROS "ON"
POSITION
ENGINE "ON" POSITION
(NORMAL OPERATING)
Fig. 11
TO OPERATE ON HILLS
CAUTION: Do not drive up or down hills
with slopes greater than 15° and do not
drive across any slope.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
ADD GASOLINE
•
Choose the slowest speed before starting up or down
hills.
Avoid stopping or changing speed on hills.
If slowing is necessary, move throttle control lever to
slower position.
If stopping is absolutely necessary, push clutch/brake
pedal quickly to brake position and engage parking brake.
Move gearshift lever to 1st gear. Be sure you have allowed
room for tractor to roll slightly as you restart movement.
To restart movement, slowly release parking brake and
clutch/brake pedal.
Make all turns slowly.
Fill fuel tank to bottom of filler neck. Do not overfill.
Use fresh, clean, regular gasoline with a minimum of
87 octane. Do not mix oil with gasoline. Purchase fuel
in quantities that can be used within 30 days to ensure
fuel freshness.
CAUTION: Wipe off any spilled oil or
fuel. Do not store, spill or use gasoline
near an open flame.
IMPORTANT: WHEN OPERATING IN TEMPERATURES
BELOW 32°F (0°C), USE FRESH, CLEAN WINTER GRADE
GASOLINE TO HELP ENSURE GOOD COLD WEATHER
STARTING.
TO TRANSPORT
•
Raise attachment lift to highest position with attachment
lift control.
• When pushing or towing your tractor, ensure gearshift
lever is in neutral (N) position.
• Do not push or tow tractor at more than five (5) mph
(8 km/h).
NOTE: To protect hood from damage when transporting
your tractor on a truck or a trailer, ensure hood is closed
and secured to tractor. Use an appropriate means of tying
hood to tractor (rope, cord, etc.).
CAUTION: Alcohol blended fuels (called gasohol
or using ethanol or methanol) can attract moisture
which leads to separation and formation of acids
during storage. Acidic gas can damage the fuel
system of an engine while in storage. To avoid
engine problems, the fuel system should be emptied
before storage of 30 days or longer. Drain the gas
tank, start the engine and let it run until the fuel
lines and carburetor are empty. Use fresh fuel next
season. See Storage Instructions for additional
information. Never use engine or carburetor cleaner
products in the fuel tank or permanent damage may
occur. Fuel stabilizer is an acceptable alternative
in minimizing the formation of fuel gum deposits
during storage. Add stabilizer to gasoline in fuel
tank or storage container. Always follow the mix
ratio found on stabilizer container. Run engine at
least 10 minutes after adding stabilizer to allow the
stabilizer to reach the carburetor. Do not empty
the gas tank and carburetor if using fuel stabilizer.
TOWING CARTS & OTHER ATTACHMENTS
Tow only the attachments that are recommended by and
comply with specifications of the manufacturer of your tractor. Use common sense when towing. Too heavy of a load,
while on a slope, is dangerous. Tires can lose traction with
the ground and cause you to lose control of your tractor.
12
OPERATION
MOWING TIPS
TO START ENGINE (See Fig. 4)
When starting the engine for the first time or if the engine
has run out of fuel, it will take extra cranking time to move
fuel from the tank to the engine.
• Sit on seat in operating position, depress clutch/brake
pedal and set parking brake.
• Place gear shift lever in neutral position.
• Move attachment clutch to “DISENGAGED” position.
• Move throttle control to choke position.
NOTE: Before starting, read the warm and cold starting
procedures below.
• Insert key into ignition and turn key clockwise to “START”
position and release key as soon as engine starts.
Do not run starter continuously for more than fifteen
seconds per minute. If the engine does not start after
several attempts, move throttle control to fast position,
wait a few minutes and try again. If engine still does
not start, move the throttle control back to the choke
position and retry.
•
•
•
•
•
DO NOT use tire chains when the mower housing is
attached to tractor.
Mower should be properly leveled for best mowing
performance. See “TO LEVEL MOWER HOUSING”
in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual.
The left hand side of mower should be used for trimming.
Drive so that clippings are discharged onto the area
that has been cut. Have the cut area to the right of
the tractor. This will result in a more even distribution
of clippings and more uniform cutting.
When mowing large areas, start by turning to the right
so that clippings will discharge away from shrubs,
fences, driveways, etc. After one or two rounds, mow
in the opposite direction making left hand turns until
finished (See Fig. 12).
WARM WEATHER STARTING (50°F/10°C and above)
• When engine starts, move the throttle control to the
fast position.
• The attachments and ground drive can now be used. If
the engine does not accept the load, restart the engine
and allow it to warm up for one minute using the choke
as described above.
COLD WEATHER STARTING (50°F/10°C and below)
• When engine starts, allow engine to run with the
throttle control in the choke position until the engine
runs roughly, then move throttle control to fast position. This may require an engine warm-up period from
several seconds to several minutes, depending on the
temperature.
• The attachments can also be used during the engine
warm-up period.
Fig. 12
•
•
•
•
13
If grass is extremely tall, it should be mowed twice to
reduce load and possible fire hazard from dried clippings. Make first cut relatively high; the second to the
desired height.
Do not mow grass when it is wet. Wet grass will plug
mower and leave undesirable clumps. Allow grass to
dry before mowing.
Always operate engine at full throttle when mowing to ensure better mowing performance and proper
discharge of material. Regulate ground speed by
selecting a low enough gear to give the mower cutting
performance as well as the quality of cut desired.
When operating attachments, select a ground speed
that will suit the terrain and give best performance of
the attachment being used.
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
SCHEDULE
BEFORE
EACH
USE
EVERY
8
HOURS
EVERY
25
HOURS
EVERY
50
HOURS
EVERY
100
HOURS
EVERY
SEASON
BEFORE
STORAGE
Check Brake Operation
T
R
A
C
T
0
R
Check Tire Pressure
Check Operator Presence & ROS Systems
Check for Loose Fasteners
Check/Replace Mower Blades
3
Lubrication Chart
Check Battery Level
4
Clean Battery and Terminals
Clean Debris Off Steering Plate
Check Transaxle Cooling
5
Check Mower Levelness
Check V-Belts
Check Engine Oil Level
Change Engine Oil (models with oil filter)
E
N
G
I
N
E
1,2
Change Engine Oil (models without oil filter)
1,2
Clean Air Filter
2
Clean Air Screen
2
Inspect Muffler/Spark Arrester
Replace Oil Filter (If equipped)
1, 2
Clean Engine Cooling Fins
2
Replace Spark Plug
Replace Air Filter Paper Cartridge
2
Replace Fuel Filter
1 - Change more often when operating under a heavy load or in high ambient temperatures.
3 - Replace blades more often when mowing in sandy soil.
2 - Service more often when operating in dirty or dusty conditions.
4 - Not required if equipped with maintenance-free battery.
GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS
5 - See Cleaning in Maintenance Section.
LUBRICATION CHART
The warranty on this tractor does not cover items that have
been subjected to operator abuse or negligence. To receive
full value from the warranty, operator must maintain tractor
as instructed in this manual.
Some adjustments will need to be made periodically to
properly maintain your tractor.
At least once a season, check to see if you should make
any of the adjustments described in the Service and
Adjustments section of this manual.
• At least once a year you should replace the spark plug,
clean or replace air filter, and check blades and belts
for wear. A new spark plug and clean air filter assure
proper air-fuel mixture and help your engine run better
and last longer.
➀ SPINDLE ZERK
➀ SPINDLE ZERK
➀ FRONT
➀ FRONT
WHEEL
BEARING
ZERK
WHEEL
BEARING
ZERK
➀ STEERING
➁ ENGINE
SECTOR
GEAR
TEETH
BEFORE EACH USE
•
•
•
•
•
➀ PIVOTS
Check engine oil level.
Check brake operation.
Check tire pressure.
Check operator presence and ROS systems for proper
operation.
Check for loose fasteners.
01965
➀
➁
14
General Purpose Grease
Refer to Maintenance “ENGINE” Section
IMPORTANT: DO NOT OIL OR GREASE THE PIVOT POINTS
WHICH HAVE SPECIAL NYLON BEARINGS. VISCOUS
LUBRICANTS WILL ATTRACT DUST AND DIRT THAT WILL
SHORTEN THE LIFE OF THE SELF-LUBRICATING BEARINGS.
IF YOU FEEL THEY MUST BE LUBRICATED, USE ONLY A DRY,
POWDERED GRAPHITE TYPE LUBRICANT SPARINGLY.
MAINTENANCE
TRACTOR
BLADE CARE
For best results mower blades must be kept sharp. Replace
bent or damaged blades.
Always observe safety rules when per form ing any
maintenance.
BRAKE OPERATION
If tractor requires more than five (5) feet (1,5 m) to stop at
highest speed in highest gear on a level, dry concrete or
paved surface, then brake must be checked and adjusted.
(See “TO CHECK BRAKE” in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual.)
CAUTION: Use only a replacement blade approved by the manufacturer of your tractor.
Using a blade not approved by the manufacturer of your tractor is hazardous, could
damage your tractor and void your warranty.
BLADE REMOVAL (See Fig. 14)
TIRES
• Maintain proper air pressure in all tires. (See the sides
of tires for proper PSI.)
• Keep tires free of gasoline, oil, or insect control
chemicals which can harm rubber.
• Avoid stumps, stones, deep ruts, sharp objects and
other hazards that may cause tire damage.
NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent flat tires due
to slow leaks, tire sealant may be purchased from your
local parts dealer. Tire sealant also prevents tire dry rot
and corrosion.
•
Raise mower to highest position to allow access to
blades.
NOTE: Protect your hands with gloves and/or wrap blade
with heavy cloth.
• Remove blade bolt by turning counterclockwise.
• Install new or resharpened blade with stamped "GRASS
SIDE" facing the ground.
IMPORTANT: To ensure proper assembly, center hole in
blade must align with star on mandrel assembly.
• Install and tighten blade bolt securely (45-55 Ft. Lbs./
62-75 Nm).
IMPORTANT: SPECIAL BLADE BOLT IS HEAT TREATED.
OPERATOR PRESENCE SYSTEM AND REVERSE
OPERATION SYSTEM (ROS) (See Fig. 13)
Be sure operator presence and reverse operation systems
are working properly. If your tractor does not function as
described, repair the problem immediately.
• The engine should not start unless the brake pedal is
fully depressed, and the attachment clutch control is
in the disengaged position.
BLADE
CENTER
HOLE
BLADE
BOLT
(SPECIAL)
CHECK OPERATOR PRESENCE SYSTEM
• When the engine is running, any attempt by the operator
to leave the seat without first setting the parking brake
should shut off the engine.
• When the engine is running and the attachment clutch
is engaged, any attempt by the operator to leave the
seat should shut off the engine.
• The attachment clutch should never operate unless
the operator is in the seat.
BATTERY
STAR
Fig. 14
Your tractor has a battery charging system which is sufficient
for normal use. However, periodic charging of the battery
with an automotive charger will extend its life.
• Keep battery and terminals clean.
• Keep battery bolts tight.
• Keep small vent holes open.
• Recharge at 6-10 amperes for 1 hour.
NOTE: The original equipment battery on your tractor is
maintenance free. Do not attempt to open or remove caps
or covers. Adding or checking level of electrolyte is not
necessary.
CHECK REVERSE OPERATION (ROS) SYSTEM
• When the engine is running with the ignition switch in
the engine "ON" position and the attachment clutch
engaged, any attempt by the operator to shift into
reverse should shut off the engine.
• When the engine is running with the ignition switch
in the ROS "ON" position and the attachment clutch
engaged, any attempt by the operator to shift into
reverse should NOT shut off the engine.
ROS "ON"
POSITION
MANDREL
ASSEMBLY
TO CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS
Corrosion and dirt on the battery and terminals can cause
the battery to “leak” power.
• Remove terminal guard.
• Disconnect BLACK battery cable first then RED battery
cable and remove battery from tractor.
• Rinse the battery with plain water and dry.
• Clean terminals and battery cable ends with wire brush
until bright.
• Coat terminals with grease or petroleum jelly.
• Reinstall battery. (See “REPLACING BATTERY" in the
Service and Adjustments section of this manual.)
ENGINE "ON" POSITION
(NORMAL OPERATING)
Fig. 13
15
MAINTENANCE
TRANSAXLE MAINTENANCE
OIL DRAIN HOLE
Keep transaxle free from build-up of dirt and chaff which
can restrict cooling.
Do not attempt to clean transaxle while engine is running or
while the transaxle is hot. To prevent possible damage to seals,
do not use high pressure water or steam to clean transaxle.
OIL DRAIN PLUG
OIL DRAIN
EXTENSION
V-BELTS
Check V-belts for deterioration and wear after 100 hours
of operation and replace if necessary. The belts are not
adjustable. Replace belts if they begin to slip from wear.
ENGINE
•
LUBRICATION
•
Only use high quality detergent oil rated with API service
classification SG-SL. Select the oil’s SAE viscosity grade
according to your expected operating temperature.
•
•
SAE VISCOSITY GRADES
•
SAE 30
5W-30
-20
F
C
-30
•
0
-20
30
-10
32
0
40
10
100
80
60
20
30
40
TEMPERATURE RANGE ANTICIPATED BEFORE NEXT OIL CHANGE
Fig. 15
NOTE: Although multi-viscosity oils (5W30, 10W30 etc.)
improve starting in cold weather, they will result in increased
oil consumption when used above 32°F/0°C. Check your
engine oil level more frequently to avoid possible engine
damage from running low on oil.
Change the oil after every 50 hours of operation or at least
once a year if the tractor is not used for 50 hours in one year.
Check the crankcase oil level before starting the engine
and after each eight (8) hours of operation. Tighten oil fill
cap/dipstick securely each time you check the oil level.
ENGINE OIL FILTER
Replace the engine oil filter every season or every other
oil change if the tractor is used more than 100 hours in
one year.
AIR FILTER
Your engine will not run properly using a dirty air filter.
Service air cleaner more often under dusty conditions.
CLEAN AIR SCREEN
The air screen is over the air intake blower located on top
of engine. The air screen must be kept free of dirt and
chaff to prevent engine damage from overheating. Clean
with a wire brush or compressed air to remove dirt and
stubborn dried gum fibers.
TO CHANGE ENGINE OIL (See Fig. 15 & 16)
Determine temperature range expected before oil change.
All oil must meet API service classification SG-SL.
•
•
•
•
Fig. 16
Slide a 1/2” (12 point) socket mounted on an extension
onto oil drain plug.
Loosen plug while holding the oil drain extension firmly
in place.
Drain oil into container.
After oil has drained completely, reinstall oil drain plug.
(Do not tighten more than 13 Ft. Lbs./17 Nm)
Refill engine with oil through oil fill dipstick tube. Pour
slowly. Do not overfill. For approximate capacity see
“PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of this manual.
Use gauge on oil fill cap/dipstick for checking level.
Ensure dipstick cap is tightened securely for accurate
reading. Keep oil at “FULL” line on dipstick. Tighten
cap onto the tube securely when finished.
ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM (See Fig. 17)
Ensure tractor is on level surface.
Oil will drain more freely when warm.
Catch oil in a suitable container.
Remove oil fill cap/dipstick. Be careful not to allow dirt
to enter the engine when changing oil.
Debris may clog the engine's air cooling system. Remove
blower housing and clean the area shown to prevent overheating and engine damage.
AIR SCREEN
CLEAN OUT CHAFF AND DEBRIS
CAUTION: If engine has been operated
for an extended period of time immediately prior to draining oil, oil will be hot.
•
•
•
•
Slide oil drain extension under oil drain hole (drain hole
may be flush with or protrude from engine block side wall).
Make sure back face of oil drain extension is flush with
engine side wall.
Make sure bottom lip of oil drain extension is lined up
with bottom of oil drain hole.
Position a container to catch oil directly under front end
of oil drain extension.
02744
Fig. 17
MUFFLER
Inspect and replace corroded muffler and spark arrester (if
equipped) as it could create a fire hazard and/or damage.
16
MAINTENANCE
SPARK PLUGS
DECK WASHOUT PORT (See Fig. 20)
Replace spark plugs at the beginning of each mowing
season or after every 100 hours of operation, whichever
occurs first. Spark plug type and gap setting are shown
in “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of this manual.
Your tractor’s deck is equipped with a washout port on
its surface as part of its deck wash system. It should be
utilized after each use.
• Drive the tractor to a level, clear spot on your lawn, near
enough to a water spigot for your garden hose to reach.
IMPORTANT: Make certain the tractor’s discharge chute
is directed AWAY from your house, garage, parked cars,
etc. Remove bagger chute or mulch cover if attached.
• Make sure the attachment clutch control is in the
“DISENGAGED” position, set the parking brake, and
stop the engine.
• Ensure your garden hose is fitted with a standard 12mm
female hose connector (at the opposite end from the
tap connection).
• Pull back the lock collar of the hose connector and push
the connector onto the deck washout port at the left end
of the mower deck. Release the lock collar to lock the
connector on the nozzle.
IN-LINE FUEL FILTER (See Fig. 18)
The fuel filter should be replaced once each season. If fuel
filter becomes clogged, obstructing fuel flow to carburetor,
replacement is required.
• With engine cool, remove filter and plug fuel line sections.
• Place new fuel filter in position in fuel line with arrow
pointing towards carburetor.
• Be sure there are no fuel line leaks and clamps are
properly positioned.
• Immediately wipe up any spilled gasoline.
CLAMP
CLAMP
HOSE CONNECTOR
(12mm FEMALE)
00667
FUEL FILTER
HOSE
WASHOUT
PORT
Fig. 18
CLEANING (See Fig. 19)
•
•
Clean engine, battery, seat, finish, etc. of all foreign
matter.
Clean debris from steering plate. Debris can restrict
clutch/brake pedal shaft movement, causing belt slip
and loss of drive.
Fig. 20
IMPORTANT: Tug hose ensuring connection is secure.
• Turn the water on.
• While sitting in the operator’s position on the tractor,
re-start the engine and place the throttle lever in the
Fast " " position.
IMPORTANT: Recheck the area making certain the area
is clear.
• Move the tractor’s attachment clutch control to the
“ENGAGED” position. Remain in the operator’s position
with the cutting deck engaged until the deck is cleaned.
• Move the tractor’s attachment clutch control to the
“DISENGAGED” position. Turn the ignition key to the
STOP position to turn the tractor’s engine off. Turn the
water off.
• Pull back the lock collar of the hose connector to
disconnect the connector from the nozzle washout port.
• Move the tractor to a dry area, preferably a concrete or
paved area. Place the attachment clutch control in the
“ENGAGED” position to remove excess water and to
help dry before putting the tractor away.
CAUTION: Avoid all pinch points and
movable parts.
CLUTCH/BRAKE PEDAL
CLEAN
TOP SIDE
STEERING
PLATE
STEERING SYSTEM, DASH, FENDER AND MOWER NOT SHOWN
Fig. 19
•
•
Keep finished surfaces and wheels free of all gasoline,
oil, etc.
Protect painted surfaces with automotive type wax.
Except for the washout port (if equipped), we do not
recommend using a garden hose or pressure washer to
clean the outside of your tractor unless the engine and
transmission are covered to keep water out. Water in
engine or transmission will shorten the useful life of your
tractor. Use compressed air or a leaf blower to remove
grass, leaves and trash from outside tractor and mower.
•
•
17
WARNING: A broken or missing washout
fitting could expose you or others to
thrown objects from contact with the blade.
Replace broken or missing washout fitting
immediately, prior to using mower again.
Plug any holes in mower with bolts and locknuts.
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
WARNING: TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY, BEFORE PERFORMING ANY SERVICE OR ADJUSTMENTS:
• Depress clutch/brake pedal fully and set parking brake.
• Place gearshift lever in neutral position.
• Place attachment clutch in “DISENGAGED” position.
• Turn ignition key to “STOP” and remove key.
• Make sure the blades and all moving parts have completely stopped.
• Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and place wire where it cannot come in contact with plug.
TO REMOVE MOWER (See Fig. 21)
IMPORTANT: IF AN ATTACHMENT OTHER THAN THE
MOWER IS TO BE MOUNTED ON THE TRACTOR,
REMOVE THE FRONT LINK (E) AND REAR LIFT LINKS
(C) FROM TRACTOR AND HOOK THE CLUTCH SPRING
(Q) INTO THE CABLE GUIDE ON FRONT EDGE OF
LOWER DASH.
•
•
TO INSTALL MOWER (See Figs. 21 & 26)
•
•
•
•
•
Place attachment clutch in “DISENGAGED” position.
Lower attachment lift lever to its lowest position.
Roll belt off engine pulley (M) and belt keepers (G).
Remove retainer spring (K), slide collar (L) off and
push housing guide (P) out of bracket.
Remove clutch cable spring (Q) from idler arm (R).
Disconnect front link (E) from mower - remove retainer
spring and washer.
Go to either side of mower and disconnect mower
suspension arm (A) from chassis pin (B) and rear lift
link (C) from rear mower bracket (D) - remove retainer
springs and washers.
Be sure tractor is on level surface and engage parking
brake.
• Lower attachment lift lever to its lowest position.
CAUTION: LIFT LEVER IS SPRING
LOADED. HAVE A TIGHT GRIP ON
LIFT LEVER, LOWER IT SLOWLY AND
ENGAGE IN LOWEST POSITION.
CAUTION: AFTER REAR LIFT LINKS
ARE DISCONNECTED, THE ATTACHMENT LIFT LEVER WILL BE SPRING
LOADED. HAVE A TIGHT GRIP ON LIFT
LEVER WHEN CHANGING POSITION
OF THE LEVER.
•
NOTE: Be sure mower side suspension arms (A) are pointing forward before sliding mower under tractor.
• Slide mower under tractor until it is centered under
tractor.
Slide mower out from under right side of tractor.
F
M
G
G
R
Q
A
E
B
P
K
C
L
18
D
Fig. 21
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
•
•
ATTACH MOWER SIDE SUSPENSION ARMS (A) TO
CHASSIS - Position hole in arm over pin (B) on outside
of tractor chassis and secure with retainer spring.
Repeat on opposite side of tractor.
•
Insert end of link (E) into hole in front mower bracket
and secure with washer and retainer spring (J).
E
A
J
F
H
B
•
Fig. 22
•
•
ATTACH REAR LIFT LINKS (C) - Lift rear corner of
mower and position slot in link assembly over pin (D)
on rear mower bracket and secure with washer and
retainer spring.
•
Fig. 24
Hook end of clutch cable spring (Q) into hole in idler
arm (R).
Push clutch cable housing guide (P) into bracket, slide
collar (L) onto guide and secure with retainer spring (K).
Install belt on engine pulley (M), in belt keepers (G).
M
C
Fig. 25
IMPORTANT: CHECK BELT FOR PROPER ROUTING
IN ALL MOWER PULLEY GROOVES.
• Raise attachment lift lever to highest position.
• If necessary, adjust gauge wheels before operating
mower as shown in the Operation section of this manual.
D
Fig. 23
•
ATTACH FRONT LINK (E) - Work from left side of tractor. Insert rod end of link assembly through front hole
in tractor front suspension bracket (F).
F
M
G
G
R
Q
A
E
B
P
K
C
L
D
19
Fig. 26
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
TO LEVEL MOWER
FRONT-TO-BACK ADJUSTMENT (See Figs. 29 & 30)
IMPORTANT: Deck must be level side-to-side.
Make sure tires are properly inflated to the PSI shown on
tires. If tires are over or under inflated, it may affect the
appearance of your lawn and lead you to think the mower
is not adjusted properly.
To obtain the best cutting results, the mower blades should
be adjusted so the front tip is 1/8" to 1/2" (3,1 to 12,7 mm)
lower than the rear tip when the mower is in its highest
position.
VISUAL SIDE-TO-SIDE ADJUSTMENT (See Fig. 27)
• With all tires properly inflated and if your lawn appears
unevenly cut, determine which side of mower is cutting
lower.
• With a 3/4" or adjustable wrench, turn lift link adjustment
nut (A) to the left to lower LH side of mower, or, to the
right to raise LH side of mower.
CAUTION: Blades are sharp. Protect
your hands with gloves and/or wrap
blade with heavy cloth.
•
•
•
A
Raise mower to highest position.
Position blade so the tip is pointing straight forward.
Measure distance (B) to the ground at front and rear
tip of the blade.
If front tip of blade is not 1/8" to 1/2" (3,1 to 12,7 mm)
lower than the rear tip, go to the front of tractor.
B
TURN NUT
RIGHT TO
RAISE
MOWER
B
Fig. 29
TURN NUT
LEFT TO
LOWER
MOWER
•
•
Fig. 27
NOTE: Each full turn of adjustment nut will change mower
height about 3/16" (4,7 mm).
• Test your adjustment by mowing some uncut grass and
visually checking the appearance. Readjust, if necessary, until you are satisfied with the results.
With an 11/16" or adjustable wrench, loosen jam nut A
several turns to clear adjustment nut B.
With a 3/4" or adjustable wrench, turn front link adjustment nut (B) clockwise ( ) (tighten) to raise the front of
mower, or, counterclockwise ( ) (loosen) to lower the
front mower.
B
PRECISION SIDE-TO-SIDE ADJUSTMENT (See Fig. 28)
• With all tires properly inflated, park tractor on level
ground or driveway.
A
CAUTION: Blades are sharp. Protect
your hands with gloves and/or wrap
blade with heavy cloth.
•
•
•
•
Raise mower to its highest position.
At both sides of mower, position blade at side and
measure the distance (A) from bottom edge of blade to
the ground. The distance should be the same on both
sides.
If adjustment is necessary, see steps in Visual Adjustment instructions above.
Recheck measurements, adjust if necessary until both
sides are equal.
A
TIGHTEN ADJUST
NUT "B" TO
RAISE MOWER
LOOSEN JAM NUT "A" FIRST
Fig. 30
NOTE: Each full turn of the adjustment nut will change
mower height about 1/8" (3,1 mm).
• Recheck measurements, adjust if necessary until front
tip of blade is 1/8" to 1/2" (3,1 to 12,7 mm) lower than
the rear tip.
• Hold adjustment nut in position with wrench and tighten
jam nut securely against adjustment nut.
A
Fig. 28
LOOSEN ADJUST
NUT "B" TO
LOWER MOWER
20
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
TO REPLACE MOWER BLADE DRIVE BELT
(See Fig. 31)
TO REPLACE MOTION DRIVE BELT
(See Fig. 32)
The mower blade drive belt may be replaced without tools.
Park the tractor on level surface. Engage parking brake.
Park the tractor on level surface. Engage parking brake.
For assistance, there is a belt installation guide decal on
bottom side of left footrest.
BELT REMOVAL • Remove mower from tractor (See “TO REMOVE
MOWER” in this section of manual).
• Work belt off both mandrel pulleys and idler pulleys.
• Pull belt away from mower.
BELT REMOVAL 1. Remove mower (See “TO REMOVE MOWER” section
in this manual).
NOTE: Observe entire motion drive belt and position of all
belt guides and keepers.
2. Remove belt from stationary idler (A) and clutching
idler (B).
3. Pull belt slack toward rear of tractor. Remove belt
upwards from transaxle input pulley (D).
4. Remove belt downward from engine pulley (E).
5. Slide belt toward rear of tractor, off the steering plate
(F) and remove from tractor.
BELT INSTALLATION • Work belt around both mandrel pulleys and idler pulleys.
• Make sure belt is in all pulley grooves and inside all
belt guides.
• Install mower (See "TO INSTALL MOWER" in this
section of manual).
MANDREL
PULLEY
IDLER
PULLEYS
BELT INSTALLATION 1. Install new belt from tractor rear to front, over the steering plate (F) and above clutch brake pedal shaft (G).
2. Pull belt toward front of tractor and roll belt onto engine
pulley (E).
3. Pull belt toward rear of tractor. Carefully work belt down
around transaxle input pulley (D). Be sure belt is inside
the belt keeper.
4. Install belt through stationary idler (A) and clutching
idler (B).
5. Make sure belt is in all pulley grooves and inside all
belt guides and keepers.
6. Install mower (See “TO INSTALL MOWER” section in
this manual).
MANDREL
PULLEY
Fig. 31
TO CHECK BRAKE
E
If tractor requires more than five (5) feet (1,5 m) to stop at
highest speed in highest gear on a level, dry concrete or
paved surface, then brake must be serviced.
You may also check brake by:
1. Park tractor on a level, dry concrete or paved surface,
depress clutch/brake pedal all the way down and engage parking brake.
2. Place gear shift lever in neutral position.
The rear wheels must lock and skid when you try to manually
push the tractor forward. If the rear wheels rotate, then the
brake needs to be serviced. Contact a qualified service center.
F
A
G
B
D
02954
Manual
Fig. 32
21
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
TRANSAXLE GEAR SHIFT LEVER NEUTRAL
ADJUSTMENT (See Fig. 33)
TO ADJUST STEERING WHEEL ALIGNMENT
If steering wheel crossbars are not horizontal (left to right)
when wheels are positioned straight forward, remove steering wheel and reassemble per instructions in the Assembly
section of this manual.
The transaxle should be in neutral when the gear shift lever is
in neutral (lock gate) position. The adjustment is preset at the
factory; however, if adjustment is needed, proceed as follows:
• Make sure transaxle is in neutral.
NOTE: When the tractor rear wheels move freely, the
transaxle is in neutral.
• Loosen adjustment bolt in front of the right rear wheel.
• Position the gear shift lever in the neutral position.
• Tighten adjustment bolt securely.
NOTE: If additional clearance is needed to get to adjustment
bolt, move mower deck height to the lowest position.
GEARSHIFT
LEVER
FRONT WHEEL TOE-IN/CAMBER
Your new tractor front wheel toe-in and camber is set at the
factory and is normal. The front wheel toe-in and camber
are not adjustable. If damage has occurred to affect the
factory set front wheel toe-in or camber, contact a qualified
service center.
TO START ENGINE WITH A WEAK BATTERY
(See Fig. 35)
NEUTRAL
LOCK
GATE
WARNING: Lead-acid batteries generate
explosive gases. Keep sparks, flame and
smoking materials away from batteries.
Always wear eye protection when around
batteries.
ADJUSTMENT
BOLT
If your battery is too weak to start the engine, it should be
recharged. (See "BATTERY" in the MAINTENANCE section of this manual).
If “jumper cables” are used for emergency starting, follow
this procedure:
Fig. 33
TO REMOVE WHEEL FOR REPAIRS
(See Fig. 34)
IMPORTANT: YOUR TRACTOR IS EQUIPPED WITH A 12
VOLT SYSTEM. THE OTHER VEHICLE MUST ALSO BE A 12
VOLT SYSTEM. DO NOT USE YOUR TRACTOR BATTERY TO
START OTHER VEHICLES.
•
•
Block up axle securely.
Remove axle cover, retaining ring and washers to allow
wheel removal (rear wheel contains a square key - Do
not lose).
• Repair tire and reassemble.
• On rear wheels only: align grooves in rear wheel hub
and axle. Insert square key.
• Replace washers and snap retaining ring securely in
axle groove.
• Replace axle cover.
NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent flat tires due
to slow leaks, tire sealant may be purchased from your
local parts dealer. Tire sealant also prevents tire dry rot
and corrosion.
RETAINING
RING
TO ATTACH JUMPER CABLES • Connect one end of the RED cable to the POSITIVE
(+) terminal of each battery(A-B), taking care not to
short against tractor chassis.
• Connect one end of the BLACK cable to the NEGATIVE
(-) terminal (C) of fully charged battery.
• Connect the other end of the BLACK cable (D) to good
chassis ground, away from fuel tank and battery.
TO REMOVE CABLES, REVERSE ORDER • BLACK cable first from chassis and then from the fully
charged battery.
• RED cable last from both batteries.
WASHERS
AXLE
COVER
WEAK OR
DEAD BATTERY
SQUARE KEY (REAR
WHEEL ONLY)
FULLY CHARGED
BATTERY
Fig. 35
Fig. 34
22
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
REPLACING BATTERY (See Fig. 36)
TO REPLACE FUSE
Replace with 20 amp automotive-type plug-in fuse. The
fuse holder is located behind the dash.
WARNING: Do not short battery terminals by allowing a wrench or any other
object to contact both terminals at the
same time. Before connecting battery,
remove metal bracelets, wristwatch
bands, rings, etc. Positive terminal
must be connected first to prevent
sparking from accidental grounding.
•
•
•
•
•
•
TO REMOVE HOOD AND GRILL ASSEMBLY
(See Fig. 37)
•
•
•
Lift seat pan to raised position.
Disconnect BLACK battery cable first then RED battery
cable and carefully remove battery from tractor.
Install new battery with terminals in same position as
old battery.
First connect RED battery cable to positive (+) terminal
with bolt and nut as shown. Tighten securely. Slide
terminal cover over terminal.
Connect BLACK grounding cable to negative (-) terminal with remaining bolt and nut. Tighten securely.
Lower seat pan.
•
Raise hood.
Unsnap headlight wire connector.
Stand in front of tractor. Grasp hood at sides, tilt toward
engine and lift off of tractor.
To replace, reverse above procedure.
HOOD
SEAT PAN
HEADLIGHT
WIRE
CONNECTOR
02602
TERMINAL
COVER
NUT
BOLT
Fig. 37
POSITIVE
(RED)
CABLE
ENGINE
NEGATIVE
(BLACK)
CABLE
02603
TO ADJUST THROTTLE CONTROL CABLE
Fig. 36
The throttle control has been preset at the factory and
adjustment should not be necessary. If adjustment is necessary, see engine manual.
TO REPLACE HEADLIGHT BULB
•
•
•
•
Raise hood.
Pull bulb holder out of the hole in the backside of the
grill.
Replace bulb in holder and push bulb holder securely
back into the hole in the backside of the grill.
Close hood.
TO ADJUST CHOKE CONTROL
The choke control has been preset at the factory and adjustment should not be necessary. If adjustment is necessary,
see engine manual.
INTERLOCKS AND RELAYS
Loose or damaged wiring may cause your tractor to run
poorly, stop running, or prevent it from starting.
• Check wiring. See electrical wiring diagram in the Repair
Parts section.
23
STORAGE
ENGINE
Immediately prepare your tractor for storage at the end
of the season or if the tractor will not be used for 30 days
or more.
FUEL SYSTEM
IMPORTANT: IT IS IMPORTANT TO PREVENT GUM DEPOSITS
FROM FORMING IN ESSENTIAL FUEL SYSTEM PARTS SUCH
AS CARBURETOR, FUEL FILTER, FUEL HOSE, OR TANK
DURING STORAGE. ALSO, EXPERIENCE INDICATES THAT
ALCOHOL BLENDED FUELS (CALLED GASOHOL OR USING
ETHANOL OR METHANOL) CAN ATTRACT MOISTURE WHICH
LEADS TO SEPARATION AND FORMATION OF ACIDS DURING
STORAGE. ACIDIC GAS CAN DAMAGE THE FUEL SYSTEM
OF AN ENGINE WHILE IN STORAGE.
WARNING: Never store the tractor with
gasoline in the tank inside a building
where fumes may reach an open flame
or spark. Allow the engine to cool before
storing in any enclosure.
TRACTOR
•
Empty the fuel tank by starting the engine and let it run
until the fuel lines and carburetor are empty.
• Never use engine or carburetor cleaner products in
the fuel tank or permanent damage may occur.
• Use fresh fuel next season.
NOTE: Fuel stabilizer is an acceptable alternative in
minimizing the formation of fuel gum deposits during storage.
Add stabilizer to gasoline in fuel tank or storage container.
Always follow the mix ratio found on stabilizer container.
Run engine at least 10 minutes after adding stabilizer to
allow the stabilizer to reach the carburetor. Do not empty
the gas tank and carburetor if using fuel stabilizer.
Remove mower from tractor for winter storage. When mower
is to be stored for a period of time, clean it thoroughly, remove
all dirt, grease, leaves, etc. Store in a clean, dry area.
• Clean entire tractor. (See “CLEANING” in the
Maintenance section of this manual.)
• Inspect and replace belts, if necessary. (See belt
replacement instructions in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual.)
• Lubricate as shown in the Maintenance section of this
manual.
• Be sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are securely
fastened. Inspect moving parts for damage, breakage
and wear. Replace if necessary.
• Touch up all rusted or chipped paint surfaces; sand
lightly before painting.
ENGINE OIL
Drain oil (with engine warm) and replace with clean engine
oil. (See “ENGINE” in the Maintenance section of this
manual.)
BATTERY
•
•
•
•
•
•
CYLINDER(S)
Fully charge the battery for storage.
After a period of time in storage, battery may require
recharging.
To help prevent corrosion and power leakage during
long periods of storage, battery cables should be
disconnected and battery cleaned thoroughly. (See
“TO CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS” in the
Maintenance section of this manual.)
After cleaning, leave cables disconnected and place
cables where they cannot come in contact with battery
terminals.
If battery is removed from tractor for storage, do not
store battery directly on concrete or damp surfaces.
If unit is equipped with battery indicator/charging
plug, an optional charging unit may be purchased and
connected to the unit to charge the battery during long
term storage. Inspect and clean the battery terminals
as needed prior to long term storage with charger
connected.
•
•
•
•
Remove spark plug(s).
Pour one ounce (29.5 mL) of oil through spark plug
hole(s) into cylinder(s).
Turn ignition key to “START” position for a few seconds
to distribute oil.
Replace with new spark plug(s).
OTHER
•
•
•
•
Do not store gasoline from one season to another.
Replace your gasoline can if your can starts to rust.
Rust and/or dirt in your gasoline will cause problems.
If possible, store your tractor indoors and cover it to
give protection from dust and dirt.
Cover your tractor with a suitable protective cover that
does not retain moisture. Do not use plastic. Plastic
cannot breathe which allows condensation to form and
will cause your tractor to rust.
IMPORTANT: NEVER COVER TRACTOR WHILE ENGINE
AND EXHAUST AREAS ARE STILL WARM.
24
TROUBLESHOOTING POINTS
PROBLEM
Will not start
CAUSE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
CORRECTION
Out of fuel.
Engine not “CHOKED” properly.
Engine flooded.
Bad spark plug.
Dirty air filter.
Dirty fuel filter.
Water in fuel.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8. Loose or damaged wiring.
9. Engine valves out of adjustment.
Fill fuel tank.
See “TO START ENGINE” in Operation section.
Wait several minutes before attempting to start.
Replace spark plug.
Clean/replace air filter.
Replace fuel filter.
Empty fuel tank and carburetor, refill tank with fresh
gasoline and replace fuel filter.
8. Check all wiring.
9. Contact an authorized service center/department.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6. Loose or damaged wiring.
7. Engine valves out of adjustment.
Clean/replace air filter.
Replace spark plug.
Recharge or replace battery.
Replace fuel filter.
Empty fuel tank and refill tank with fresh, clean
gasoline.
6. Check all wiring.
7. Contact an authorized service center/department.
Engine will not turn
over
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Clutch/brake pedal not depressed.
Attachment clutch is engaged.
Weak or dead battery.
Blown fuse.
Corroded battery terminals.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Faulty ignition switch.
Faulty solenoid or starter.
Faulty operator presence switch(es).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Depress clutch/brake pedal.
Disengage attachment clutch.
Recharge or replace battery.
Replace fuse.
Clean battery terminals.
Check all wiring.
Check/replace ignition switch.
Check/replace solenoid or starter.
Contact an authorized service center/department.
Engine clicks but
will not start
1.
2.
3.
4.
Weak or dead battery.
Corroded battery terminals.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Faulty solenoid or starter.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Recharge or replace battery.
Clean battery terminals.
Check all wiring.
Check/replace solenoid or starter.
Loss of power
1. Cutting too much grass/too fast.
2. Throttle in “CHOKE” position.
3. Build-up of grass, leaves and trash under
mower.
4. Dirty air filter.
5. Low oil level/dirty oil.
6. Faulty spark plug.
7. Dirty fuel filter.
8. Stale or dirty fuel.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9. Water in fuel.
9.
Hard to start
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Excessive
vibration
Dirty air filter.
Bad spark plug.
Weak or dead battery.
Dirty fuel filter.
Stale or dirty fuel.
Spark plug wire loose.
Dirty engine air screen/fins.
Dirty/clogged muffler.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Engine valves out of adjustment.
1. Raise cutting height/reduce speed.
2. Adjust throttle control.
3. Clean underside of mower housing.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
1. Worn, bent or loose blade.
2. Bent blade mandrel.
3. Loose/damaged part(s).
Clean/replace air filter.
Check oil level/change oil.
Clean and regap or change spark plug.
Replace fuel filter.
Empty fuel tank and refill tank with fresh, clean
gasoline.
Empty fuel tank and carburetor, refill tank with fresh
gasoline and replace fuel filter.
Connect and tighten spark plug wire.
Clean engine air screen/fins.
Clean/replace muffler.
Check all wiring.
Contact an authorized service center/department.
1. Replace blade. Tighten blade bolt.
2. Replace blade mandrel.
3. Tighten loose part(s). Replace damaged parts.
25
TROUBLESHOOTING POINTS
PROBLEM
CAUSE
CORRECTION
Engine continues to
run when operator
leaves seat with
attachment clutch
engaged
1. Faulty operator-safety presence control
system.
Poor cut - uneven
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Worn, bent or loose blade.
Mower deck not level.
Buildup of grass, leaves, or trash under mower.
Bent blade mandrel.
Clogged mower deck vent holes from buildup
of grass, leaves, and trash around mandrels.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Replace blade. Tighten blade bolt.
Level mower deck.
Clean underside of mower housing.
Replace blade mandrel.
Clean around mandrels to open vent holes.
Mower blades will
not rotate
1.
2.
3.
4.
Obstruction in clutch mechanism.
Worn/damaged mower drive belt.
Frozen idler pulley.
Frozen blade mandrel.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove obstruction.
Replace mower drive belt.
Replace idler pulley.
Replace blade mandrel.
Poor grass
discharge
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Engine speed too slow.
1. Place throttle control in “FAST” position.
Travel speed too fast.
2. Shift to slower speed.
Wet grass.
3. Allow grass to dry before mowing.
Mower deck not level.
4. Level mower deck.
Low/uneven tire air pressure.
5. Check tires for proper air pressure.
Worn, bent or loose blade.
6. Replace blade. Tighten blade bolt.
Buildup of grass, leaves and trash under
7. Clean underside of mower housing.
mower.
Mower drive belt worn.
8. Replace mower drive belt.
Blades improperly installed.
9. Reinstall blades sharp edge down.
Improper blades used.
10. Replace with blades listed in parts manual.
Clogged mower deck vent holes from buildup 11. Clean around mandrels to open vent holes.
of grass, leaves, and trash around mandrels.
1. Check wiring, switches and connections. If not
corrected, contact an authorized service center/
department.
CAUTION: DO NOT operate machine until
problem is corrected.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Headlight(s) not
working
(if so equipped)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Switch is “OFF”.
Bulb(s) or lamp(s) burned out.
Faulty light switch.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Blown fuse.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Turn switch “ON”.
Replace bulb(s) or lamp(s).
Check/replace light switch.
Check wiring and connections.
Replace fuse.
Battery will not
charge
1.
2.
3.
4.
Bad battery cell(s).
Poor cable connections.
Faulty regulator (if so equipped).
Faulty alternator.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Replace battery.
Check/clean all connections.
Replace regulator.
Replace alternator.
Loss of drive
1. Debris on steering plate (if equipped).
2. Motion drive belt worn, damaged, or broken.
3. Axle key missing.
1. See "CLEANING" in the Maintenance section.
2. Replace motion drive belt.
3. Install axle key at rear wheel. See "TO REMOVE
WHEEL" in the Service and Adjustments section.
Engine "backfires”
when turning
engine “OFF”
1. Engine throttle control not set between
half and full speed (fast) position before
stopping engine.
1. Move throttle control between half and full speed
(fast) position before stopping engine.
Engine dies when
tractor is shifted
into reverse
1. Reverse operation system (ROS) is not
"ON" while mower or other attachment is
engaged.
1. Turn ignition key to ROS "ON" position. See
Operation section.
26
SUGGESTED GUIDE FOR SIGHTING SLOPES FOR SAFE OPERATION
FOL
DA
L
O
NG D
THIS
O
I
T
S
T
A
E
D LIN
1
5
DEG
E
RE
E
S
LOP
E
ONLY RIDE UP AND DOWN HILL,
NOT ACROSS HILL
15 DEGREES MAX.
WARNING: To avoid serious injury, operate your tractor up and
down the face of slopes, never across the face. Do not mow
slopes greater than 15 degrees. Make turns gradually to prevent
tipping or loss of control. Exercise extreme caution when
changing direction on slopes.
1. Fold this page along dotted line indicated above.
2. Hold page before you so that its left edge is vertically parallel to a tree
trunk or other upright structure.
3. Sight across the fold in the direction of hill slope you want to measure.
4. Compare the angle of the fold with the slope of the hill.
27
04.16.13 CL
Printed in U.S.A.