Raven XT for AT&T
User Guide
20070914
Rev 4.0
Preface
Important
Notice
Due to the nature of wireless communications, transmission and reception of data
can never be guaranteed. Data may be delayed, corrupted (i.e., have errors) or be
totally lost. Although significant delays or losses of data are rare when wireless
devices such as the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven XT are used in a normal
manner with a well-constructed network, the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven XT
should not be used in situations where failure to transmit or receive data could
result in damage of any kind to the user or any other party, including but not
limited to personal injury, death, or loss of property. Sierra Wireless accepts no
responsibility for damages of any kind resulting from delays or errors in data
transmitted or received using the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven XT, or for failure
of the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven XT to transmit or receive such data.
Safety and
Hazards
Do not operate the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven XT in areas where blasting is in
progress, where explosive atmospheres may be present, near medical
equipment, near life support equipment, or any equipment which may be
susceptible to any form of radio interference. In such areas, the Sierra Wireless
AirLink Raven XT MUST BE POWERED OFF. The Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven
XT can transmit signals that could interfere with this equipment.
Do not operate the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven XT in any aircraft, whether the
aircraft is on the ground or in flight. In aircraft, the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven
XT MUST BE POWERED OFF. When operating, the Sierra Wireless AirLink
Raven XT can transmit signals that could interfere with various onboard systems.
Note: Some airlines may permit the use of cellular phones while the aircraft is on the
ground and the door is open. Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven XT may be used at this time.
The driver or operator of any vehicle should not operate the Sierra Wireless
AirLink Raven XT while in control of a vehicle. Doing so will detract from the driver
or operator's control and operation of that vehicle. In some states and provinces,
operating such communications devices while in control of a vehicle is an offence.
Limitation of
Liability
The information in this manual is subject to change without notice and does not
represent a commitment on the part of Sierra Wireless. SIERRA WIRELESS AND
ITS AFFILIATES SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIM LIABILITY FOR ANY AND ALL
DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, GENERAL, INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL,
PUNITIVE OR EXEMPLARY DAMAGES INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
LOSS OF PROFITS OR REVENUE OR ANTICIPATED PROFITS OR REVENUE
ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE ANY SIERRA WIRELESS
PRODUCT, EVEN IF SIERRA WIRELESS AND/OR ITS AFFILIATES HAS BEEN
ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES OR THEY ARE
FORESEEABLE OR FOR CLAIMS BY ANY THIRD PARTY.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, in no event shall Sierra Wireless and/or its
affiliates aggregate liability arising under or in connection with the Sierra Wireless
product, regardless of the number of events, occurrences, or claims giving rise to
liability, be in excess of the price paid by the purchaser for the Sierra Wireless
product.
Rev 4.0 Mar.10
1
Raven XT
Patents
Portions of this product may be covered by some or all of the following US
patents:
5,515,013
6,191,741
6,653,979
6,968,171
D459,303
5,629,960
6,199,168
6,697,030
6,985,757
5,845,216
6,339,405
6,785,830
7,023,878
5,847,553
6,359,591
6,845,249
7,053,843
5,878,2345,890,0575,929,8156,169,884
6,400,3366,516,2046,561,8516,643,501
6,847,8306,876,6976,879,5856,886,049
7,106,5697,145,2677,200,512D442,170
and other patents pending.
Copyright
© 2010 Sierra Wireless. All rights reserved.
Trademarks
AirCard® and “Heart of the Wireless Machine®” are registered trademarks of
Sierra Wireless. Watcher® is a trademark of Sierra Wireless, registered in the
European Community. AirLink™ and AceWare™ are trademarks of Sierra
Wireless.
Sierra Wireless, the Sierra Wireless logo, the red wave design, and the red-tipped
antenna are trademarks of Sierra Wireless.
Windows® is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
Other trademarks are the property of the respective owners.
Contact
Information
Support Desk:
Phone: 1-877-231-1144
Hours: 5:00 AM to 5:00 PM Pacific Time,
Monday to Friday, except US Holidays
E-mail: support@sierrawireless.com
Sales Desk:
Phone: 1-510-624-4200
1-604-232-1488
Hours: 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM Pacific Time
E-mail: MobileandM2Msales@sierrawireless.com
Post: Sierra Wireless America
39677 Eureka Drive
Newark, CA
USA
94560
Sierra Wireless
13811 Wireless Way
Richmond, BC
Canada
V6V 3A4
Fax: 1-510-624-4299
1-604-231-1109
Web: www.sierrawireless.com
Consult our website for up-to-date product descriptions, documentation,
application notes, firmware upgrades, troubleshooting tips, and press releases:
www.sierrawireless.com
2
20070914
Preface
Revision
History
Revision
number
Release date
Changes
1.x
Q2: 2009
Guide updated with ALEOS Release 4.0 content.
2.x
Q1: 2010
User Guide rebranded to current corporate standards.
Rev 4.0 Mar.10
3
Raven XT
4
20070914
Contents
Introduction to the Raven XT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
ACEware™. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Simplified Deployment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Monitor and Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Modem Doctor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Connecting to AT&T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Steps of a connection: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Dynamic vs. Static IP Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
GSM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
GPRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Connection methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
USB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Virtual serial port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Networking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
IPSec . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
GRE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Events Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Tools and Reference Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Features and Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Bands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Environmental . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Power Consumption: (@12V DC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Standards/Approvals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Host Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Application Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
LED Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
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5
Raven XT
Interface Port Pin-Outs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Serial Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Power Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Activating Raven XT on AT&T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Installing the SIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Cellular Account Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Software Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Hardware Required. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Tools Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Configuring the APN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Hardware Installation of the Raven XT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Connecting to Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Indicator Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Light Patterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Inputs, Relay Outputs, and Power Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Capturing External Events using Inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Digital Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Connecting devices to the IO Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Monitoring the Input and Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
6
20070914
1
1: Introduction to the Raven XT
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
ACEware™
Connecting to AT&T
GSM
Connection
methods
Networking
Applications
Software
Documentation
Powered by ALEOS™, Raven XT modems are designed to maintain
a reliable, consistent network connection. With a serial interface and
a vast library of machine protocols, the Raven XT is a workhorse for
industrial and mission critical applications. Class I Divison 2 certified
as nonincendive equipment, the Raven Series is ideally suited for use
in hazardous environments.
Key applications include utilities, manufacturing, automation, oil and
gas, SCADA, telemetry, Homeland Security and asset monitoring.
Figure 1-1: Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven XT
ALEOS, the embedded core technology of the Sierra Wireless
AirLink products simplifies installation, operation and maintenance of
any solution, and provides an always-on, always-aware intelligent
connection for mission-critical applications. ALEOS enables:
Rev 4.0 Mar.10
•
Persistent Network Connectivity
•
Over-The-Air (OTA) Upgrades
•
Wireless Optimized TCP/IP
•
Real-Time Notification
•
Extensive Machine Protocols
•
Packet Level Diagnostics
1
Raven XT
•
Device Management & Control
•
Protocol Spoofing
Figure 1-2: Powered by ALEOS
ACEware™
A wireless solution is not complete until you have software tools to manage the
devices monitoring your valuable equipment. Using the AirLink Control
Environment (ACE), ACEWare is the device management and monitoring
application suite for Sierra Wireless AirLink devices powered by ALEOS.
Figure 1-3: ACEware Logo
The ACEware suite encompasses an application internal to the firmware (
ACEmanager), Windows-based applications (ACEview and Modem Doctor), and
a web-hosted application (ACEnet). You can download the applications and their
user guides from the Sierra Wireless AirLink Solutions web site: http://
www.sierrawireless.com/support. Contact your dealer or Sierra Wireless
representative for any further information.
Note: ACEview requires the Microsoft .NET Framework v. 2.0 and Microsoft Windows 98,
Windows 2000, Windows XP, or later. You can obtain the Microsoft .NET Framework from
Microsoft at: http://www.microsoft.com/.
ACEmanager, the AceWare remote configuration and monitoring tool, simplifies
deployment and provides extensive monitoring, control and management
capabilities. ACEmanager gives you the power to monitor and control your Sierra
Wireless AirLink communications platforms in real-time.
Simplified Deployment
ACEmanager provides the ability to remotely set up and configure your Sierra
Wireless AirLink products. Remote device setup and configuration reduces the
deployment timeline of your wireless solution and provides a quicker path to ROI.
Templates allow you to easily configure devices in your fleet with identical
settings, ensuring a simple, accurate deployment.
2
20070914
Introduction to the Raven XT
Monitor and Control
ACEmanager allows an administrator to remotely monitor a modem’s status,
health and configuration settings. The user interface displays signal strength, cell
site information, byte counters and error conditions, enabling you to pinpoint any
issues and troubleshoot immediately.
ACEmanager enables remote configuration and parameter settings to be
changed or reset instantly over the air, change a device’s port configuration, IP
address settings, GPS settings, and much more. After configuring one modem,
use the template feature to copy that device configuration to other devices.
Tip: Configuration steps and examples in this guide use ACEmanager.
ACEview is an efficient status and connection monitoring application with a lowprofile, easy to read interface. In ACEview, you can also update PRL.
Modem Doctor
Modem Doctor and Modem Doctor USB is a troubleshooting and diagnostics
utility. This utility will allow you to get a log file of the Raven XT activity which you
can then send to Sierra Wireless support or erase the current configuration
completely.
Figure 1-4: Modem Doctor
Connecting to AT&T
The Raven XT uses AT&T as an ISP (Internet Service Provider) to connect you to
the Internet.
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Raven XT
Steps of a connection:
1. When your Raven XT is powered on, it automatically searches for cellular
service using GSM/GPRS.
2. Your Raven XT establishes a PPP (Point to Point Protocol or “dial” up
connection) link to AT&T network, also called registering on the network, and
receives an IP address.
3. When your Raven XT has received its IP address from AT&T, a connection to
the Internet or the cellular network is also available for computers or other
devices connected directly to the Raven XT.
The Raven XT will perform routing for all internet traffic to and from the
computers or other end devicse.
With the Raven XT in Ethernet Public mode, only one device connected to the
Ethernet port will receive the public IP address which is the one provided by the
cellular network. In Ethernet Private mode, with a hub or switch connected to the
Ethernet port, the Raven XT will provide NAT for a range of computers or other
devices connected to the switch or hub and Internet access to all of them.
Dynamic vs. Static IP Addresses
There are two types of addresses on networks: dynamic and static.
•
Dynamic addresses are assigned on a “need to have” basis. Your Raven XT
might not always receive the same address each time it connects with AT&T.
•
Static addresses are permanently assigned to a particular account and will
always be used whenever your Raven XT connects to the Internet. The IP
address will not be given to anyone else.
Most ISPs (cellular included) use dynamic IP addresses rather than static IP
addresses since it allows them to reuse a smaller number of IP addresses for a
large number of customers. A dynamic IP address is suitable for many common
Internet uses, such as web browsing, looking up data on another computer
system, or other client functions (such as data only being sent out or only being
received after an initial request).
Tip: If your account with AT&T includes a dynamic IP address and you need a static IP,
please consult your AT&T Representative for more information about changing your
account for static IP support.
If you need to contact your Raven XT, a device connected to the Raven XT, or a
host system using the Raven XT from the Internet, you need to have a known IP
(such as one which is static) or domain name (an IP address which is converted
by a DNS server into a word based name). If you have a dynamic IP address for
your modem, you can use a Dynamic DNS service (such as IP Manager) to
translate your IP address into to a domain name.
4
20070914
Introduction to the Raven XT
Caution: If you want to connect remotely to your Raven XT using TCP/IP, the IP address
given to your modem by AT&T cannot be a private or internal IP address (such as a special
private network) unless you are on the same network or inside that network’s firewall (such
as with frame relay).
GSM
GSM Networks use SIM cards which are smart cards containing the account
holder’s details. A SIM can generally be moved from one device to another
allowing for account portability and flexibility.
GPRS
General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) is packet-switched with many users
sharing the same transmission channel, but only transmitting when they have
data to send. This means that the total available bandwidth can be immediately
dedicated to those users who are actually sending at any given moment,
providing higher utilization where users only send or receive data intermittently.
GPRS provides speeds of 30–70 kbps with bursts up to 170 kbps.
Connection methods
You can connect the Raven XT to a USB or a Ethernet (RJ45) on a computer.
When connected to a USB or Ethernet port, the Raven XT behaves like a network
card.
USB
The Raven XT is equipped with a USB port which increases the methods by
which you can send and receive data. The USB port can be set to work as either
a virtual Ethernet port or a virtual serial port. A driver installation is required to
use the USB port in either mode.
It is recommended that you use a USB 2.0 cable with your Raven XT and connect
directly to your computer for best throughput.
Virtual serial port
The Raven XT supports one virtual serial port over USB. This VSP can be used,
for example, to send AT commands, or to run many serial based applications
such as HyperTerminal®.
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5
Raven XT
Networking
IPSec
The IP protocol that drives the Internet is inherently insecure. Internet Protocol
Security (IPSec), which is a standards-based protocol, secures communications
of IP packets over public networks.
IPSec is a common network layer security control and is used to create a virtual
private network (VPN).
The advantages of the IPSec feature includes:
•
Data Protection: Data Content Confidentiality allows users to protect their
data from any unauthorized view, because the data is encrypted (encryption
algorithms are used).
•
Access Control: Access Control implies a security service that prevents
unauthorized use of a Security Gateway, a network behind a gateway or
bandwidth on that network.
•
Data Origin Authentication: Data Origin Authentication verifies the actual
sender, thus eliminating the possibility of forging the actual sender’s identification by a third-party.
•
Data Integrity: Data Integrity Authentication allows both ends of the communication channel to confirm that the original data sent has been received as
transmitted, without being tampered with in transit. This is achieved by using
authentication algorithms and their outputs.
The IPSec architecture model includes the Sierra Wireless AirLink gateway as a
remote gateway at one end communicating, through a VPN tunnel, with a VPN
gateway at the other end. The remote gateway is connected to a Remote network
and the VPN is connected to the Local network. The communication of data is
secure through the IPSec protocols.
Figure 1-5: IPSec Architecture
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20070914
Introduction to the Raven XT
GRE
GRE (Generic Routing Encapsulation) tunnel is used to carry non-IP packets
through an IP Network. Non -IP packets, that are send over the GRE tunnel, need
to be first encapsulated. Hence, ALEOS is used to configure and encapsulate
non-IP packets and transmit over IP through the GRE tunnel.
Applications
Events Reporting
Events Reporting is Sierra Wireless AirLink’s modem’s new software feature
provided via ACEmanager, that allows the users to generate reports from the
events that take place. Event Reporting Protocol is an intuitive embedded
protocol, which automatically formats the messages based on an event trigger.
The messages generated are then reported to the remote server.
Software
The Raven XT modem comes with the following software:
•
AceView, the software for the Raven XT which allows you to monitor your
connections.
•
The driver that forms the interface between the Raven XT and your Windows
operating system when using USB virtual Ethernet or USB virtual serial.
•
The firmware that is stored in non-volatile memory and includes
ACEmanager.
The Raven XT has an embedded radio module, also made by Sierra Wireless,
Inc. There are two firmware programs on the device—one stored on the controller board of the Raven XT and one on the radio module.
The firmware was loaded into the radio module and controller board when the
Raven XT was assembled. As new versions of the software and firmware are
released, they are posted at www.sierrawireless.com.
Documentation
This Raven XT User Guide describes how to:
•
Install the Raven XT hardware.
•
Connect the radio antennas.
•
Connect a notebook computer and other input/output
(I/O) devices.
•
Interpret the LEDs on the Raven XT and the indicators in the AceView
software.
This User Guide is provided as a PDF (Portable Document Format) file on the
installation CD or from the Sierra Wireless support website.
Rev 4.0 Mar.10
7
Raven XT
Tools and Reference Documents
User Guide
8
Description
ALEOS User Guide
This document discusses software configuration in ACEmanager and explains all the
ALEOS features.
ACEview User Guide
This document explains the use of this utility tools which is used to view and monitor the
connection state of a Sierra Wireless AirLink device.
ACEnet User Guide
This document explains the use of ACEnet services for remote management of Sierra
Wireless AirLink device.
20070914
2
2: Specifications
• Interface Port PinOuts
• Power Connector
Features and Benefits
•
Embedded Intelligence
•
Low Power Consumption
•
High-Speed Processor
•
High-Speed 2-way Data
•
Serial and USB Port
•
Machine Protocols
•
Simple Integration with Legacy Equipment
•
Persistent Network Connectivity
•
Remote Management and Configuration
•
Suitable for use in Class I, Division 2, Groups A, B, C, D or
unclassified or non-haardous locations
Technology
•
GPRS (MS-12)
With Fallback to:
· GSM
Bands
•
Quad Band GSM/GPRS
· 850/900/1800/1900 MHz
Environmental
•
Operating Temperature:
· -30° to 70° Celsius
•
° Storage Temperature:
· -40° to 85° Celsius
Power Consumption: (@12V DC)
Rev 4.0 Mar.10
•
Transmit/Receive (Typical/Max) 350/450 mA
•
Idle 104 mA
•
Input Current 40 mA to 120 mA
•
Input Voltage 9 - 28V DC
9
Raven XT
Standards/Approvals
•
Carrier specific approvals
•
FCC
•
Industry Canada
Note: The device fulfills only class A limits.
Note: In consideration of
EU regulations, this
device is classified as
Class A device for use in
commercial environments.
Host Interfaces
•
USB2.0 Full Speed (Mini-B5)
•
Antenna Connection:
· Cellular - 50 Ohm SMA
Warning: The antenna should be installed no closer than 20 cm from the human body. It
is one of the RSS-102 requirements for devices not requiring SAR.
Dimensions
•
76mm x 27mm x 100mm
•
160 grams
Application Interfaces
•
TCP/IP, UDP/IP, DHCP, HTTP, SNMP, SMTP, SMS, MSCI, Binary, Modbus,
and more
LED Indicators
10
•
Network
•
Signal
•
Activity
•
Power
20070914
Specifications
Interface Port Pin-Outs
Serial Port
Unused
CTS (Clear to Send) < RTS (Request to Send) - >
DSR (Data to Send) < -
9
5
8
7
6
4
3
2
1
< - > GND (Ground)
< - DTR Data Terminal Ready)
< - Rx (Receive)
- > Tx (Transmit)
- > DCD (Data Carrier Detect)
Figure 2-1: Serial Port Diagram: Female DB-9 DCE (not to scale)
Power Connector
Digital
Output
4 3 Digital
2 1
Ground (black)
Input
Power (red)
Figure 2-2: Power Connector (not to scale)
Warning: Explosion Hazard - Do not disconnect equipment unless power has been
switched off or the area is known to be non-hazardous.
Rev 4.0 Mar.10
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Raven XT
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3
3: Activating Raven XT on AT&T
• Installing the SIM
• Configuring the
APN
This chapter provides step-by-step directions for activating your
Raven XT on AT&T’s network.
H
Installing the SIM
The Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) in the Raven XT is a smartcard
that securely stores the key identifying a cellular subscriber.
Generally, you will only need to install a SIM once in the life of the
modem and it may be pre-installed by your Sierra Wireless
Representative.
If the SIM was pre-installed activation of your modem is complete.
Cellular Account Required
•
Cellular Account Required- To use your modem, you need to
have a SIM with an active account withGPRS.
Software Required
•
ACEmanager - Graphical interface for entering most AT
Commands. You can download ACEmanager from the Sierra
Wireless AirLink Solutions website: http://
www.sierrawireless.com/support/. A default installation of this
utility is assumed later in these directions
Hardware Required
•
Serial cable - A straight through serial cable.
Note: Until you install a driver for the USB port, you cannot use your USB
port to configure the modem.
•
Power adapter and a power source - You will need a power
supply and power source for the modem.
•
PC or laptop - To configure the modem, you will need a
computer with an available serial port.
Tools Required
•
Rev 4.0 Mar.10
Small Phillips screw driver - The Phillips screw driver is the one
which is also called a plus (+) or X screw driver.
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Raven XT
Procedure
a. Carefully remove the SIM card from the card you received from AT&T.
Figure 3-1: Sample of the SIM card
b. Gently press the SIM card to secure in place.
c.
Note: The card and SIM
may be a different color
than these examples.
Figure 3-2: Insert SIM in to the modem
d. Replace the case back.
Tip: The top of the card faces the bottom of the modem.
When the faceplate is replaced and secured, the installation of the SIM is
complete.
Configuring the APN
The APN (Access Point Name) is the way your device knows how it will be
communicating with the network. The APN allows custom IP addressing and
tailoring your company's wireless IP solution to meet the security and IP
addressing requirements of your applications.
Note: Most accounts use the default addressing solution of Private or Public IP addresses
supplied by the Internet and Proxy APNs. Only if you have a Static or Custom IP address
should you need to configure a custom APNs.
The default APN is Internet. If you need a different APN, use ACEmanager to
configure it.
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4: Hardware Installation of the Raven XT 4
• Connecting to
Power
• Connecting to a
Computer or other
Device
• Indicator Lights
• Mounting
Note: During installation,
please be sure that the
cables are secure but do
not bear any additional
weight that could loosen
the connector from the
unit.
Your Raven XT should be mounted in a position that allows easy
access for the cables so they are not bent, constricted, in close
proximity to high amperage, or exposed to extreme temperatures.
The LEDs on the front panel should be visible for ease of operational
verification. You should ensure that there is adequate airflow around
the modem but that it is kept free from direct exposure to the
elements, such as sun, rain, dust, etc.
Caution: The Raven XT is in a hardened case and designed for use in
industrial and extreme environments. However, unless you are using cables
expressly designed for such environments, they can fail if exposed to the
same conditions the Raven XT can withstand.
Figure 4-1: Raven XT Connectors
Note: This device is not
intended for use within
close proximity of the
human body. Antenna
installation should provide
for at least a 20 CM
separation from the
operator.
Antennas selected should not exceed a maximum gain of 5 dBi under
standard installation configuration. In more complex installations
(such as those requiring long lengths of cable and/or multiple
connections), it’s imperative that the installer follow maximum dBi
gain guidelines in accordance with the radio communications
regulations of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC),
Industry Canada, or your country’s regulatory body (if used outside
the US).
Your Raven XT will work with most cellular antennas with a SMA
connector. Connect the primary antenna or primary RF cable directly
to the antenna connector on the back of the Raven XT.
Rev 4.0 Mar.10
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Raven XT
Tip: When using a cable to an antenna placed away from the modem, minimize the length
of your cable. All gain from a more advantageous antenna placement can be lost with a
long cable to the modem.
Connecting to Power
This I/O port handles external input and output events. An external device can
send digital input to the modem, through the digital I/O port.
Figure 4-2: Digital 1/0 Port: Power Connector
Warning: Risk of electric shock: Only use the supply voltages listed in this user guide.
Warning: When using AC to DC adapter the ambient temperature should not exceed
40 0C.
Your Raven XT can be used with either DC or AC, with the appropriate power
adapter. DC cables and AC adapters are available as optional accessories in
addition to the one included with your Raven XT.
Note: When using a DC
power source (such as a
solar cell), Sierra Wireless
recommends placing a
fuse (1-2 Amp) on the line
close to the power source
to protect your power
source from possible
surges due to shorts or
other line issues.
The DC power cable positive lead should be connected to the battery or power
source positive terminal. The power cable negative lead should be connected to
the battery or power source negative terminal.
Tip: The DC power cable has a white wire lead in addition to the power positive and
negative. This is for a feature not present in the Raven line modems. In the Raven XT, the
white wire lead has no function and can be ignored.
Warning: Explosion Hazard - Do not disconnect equipment unless power has been
switched off or the area is known to be non-hazardous.
Connecting to a Computer or other Device
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Hardware Installation of the Raven XT
Figure 4-3: USB
Your Raven XT’s full-speed (12 Mbit) USB 2.0 port can be connected directly to
most computers or other devices using a standard full-speed USB 2.0 cable. If the
computer or device you are connecting or the cable is not rated for full-speed, the
modem will communicate at a reduced speed to match. The Raven XT functions
as a device, not a host.
When it is connected to a computer, the USB port should be seen as a COM port
or Ethernet port after the applicable driver is installed.
The Raven XT has a standard mini-B connector.
Warning: The USB port can only be used in a non-hazardous environment.
Indicator Lights
When solid, Raven XT indicates a successful connection. When your Raven XT is
connected to power and an antenna, there is a specific pattern to the lights to
indicate its operation mode.
Figure 4-4: Raven XT Indicator lights
Rev 4.0 Mar.10
•
Network - Indicates a successful connection to the cellular network with an
IP address given and a channel acquired.
•
Signal - Light shows the strength of the signal and may be nearly solid
(strong signal) or flashing (weaker signal). A slow flash indicates a very weak
signal.
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Raven XT
RSSI LED Ranges
RSSI/Signal LED Status
Ranges of RSSI (dBm)
On Solid
Equal to or stronger than -69
Fast Blink
-70 to -79
Normal blink
-80 to -89
Slow Blink
-90 to -99
Extinguished
Equal to or weaker than -100
•
Activity - Lights will flash as data is transferred to and from the PinPoint
modem on the remote network.
•
Power - Indicates the power adapter is connected and there is power getting
to the Raven XT.
•
The Reset button (on the left side of the Raven XT) has two functions. If it is
quickly depressed and released, the modem will simply power cycle the
internal hardware. If, however, the reset is depressed and held for several
seconds (count 10 slowly, and wait for the power light to go off after the light
pattern stops), the ALEOS configuration settings will return to the factory
defaults.
Light Patterns
The LEDs on the front of the modem will respond in different patterns to indicate
modem states.
18
•
Normal - Each LED, mentioned above, is lit as applicable.
•
Start up - The LEDs will cycle from left to right.
•
PassThru mode - Network and Signal LEDs will blink in tandem. The
Activity LED will blink when transmitting or receiving data.
•
SOS - The Network LED blinks.
•
Configuration Reset - The LEDs will cycle left to right and then right to left 4
times.
•
Authentication Failure - The Network, Signal, and Activity LEDs blink every
2 seconds.
•
Data Retry - The Network, Signal, and Activity LEDs blink every 3 seconds.
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Hardware Installation of the Raven XT
Mounting
An optional accessory for your Raven XT is a mounting kit, which includes a
bracket. The bracket is designed to snugly cradle the modem and hold it in place
where you need it. You can use a strap around the bracket and modem for extra
security. The bracket can be attached to a stationary location using #6 screws
with the mounting hole diameter approximately 0.150".
The instructions to bracket installation is following:
1. Mount the bracket using number 6 screws. There are two holes each, to
fasten screws, and minimum of one hole each end is required for mounting
bracket.
2. Position Raven XT between Alignment ears.
3. Engage top groove in body of Raven XT with two tabs.
4. Push on far side of Raven XT in center so that it touches side of Bracket.
5. Press down and release when upper groove on far side of Raven XT, aligns
with tabs.
6. Release to complete installation in to mounting bracket.
To remove, press on the two edges of the modem and the brackets, as pointed by
arrows in the diagram provided below. By doing this, the modem will snap out of
the mounting bracket.
Figure 4-5: Optional Mounting Bracket
Rev 4.0 Mar.10
19
Raven XT
Figure 4-6: Mounting bracket installation
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Hardware Installation of the Raven XT
Figure 4-7: 100-170-1013 : Mounting Bracket for Raven XT
Rev 4.0 Mar.10
21
Raven XT
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5
5: Inputs, Relay Outputs, and Power
Status
• Capturing External
Events using
Inputs
The Raven XT has special features for use in an M2M environment.
The Raven XT can be configured to monitor the input, respond to
specific types of events, and even trigger a digital output. These
features can be configured to your needs.
Capturing External Events using
Inputs
While using a special power cable with I/O, the Raven XT is equipped
with an I/O interface for use in instrumentation applications. This
includes 1 digital input and 1 digital output which can be connected,
to sensors and switches to monitor status and remotely control
equipment.
Figure 5-1: Raven XT
Digital Input
By measuring contact closures on switches, the digital input(s) can
report a simple open or closed state. Digital input(s) can be wired to
the two ground signals via a switch. When the switch is open, the
input will read “OPEN”. When the switch is closed and the input is
connected to ground, the input will read “CLOSED”.
Rev 4.0 Mar.10
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Raven XT
Figure 5-2: Digital Input Contact Closure
•
When a door or other latch is opened or closed.
•
Counting pulses or other electronic events.
•
When a gauge reaches a certain point.
•
When a container fills or empties.
•
When a switch or valve is opened or closed.
•
When the tow bar is raised or lowered.
•
Connected to a sensor, the level of fuel in a vehicle.
•
When the trunk of a vehicle is opened or closed.
•
When the ignition is turned on or off.
Figure 5-3: Digital Output
Connecting devices to the IO Port
Note: Before you install
the Raven XT in its final
location, be sure to cover
all exposed wiring.
You can purchase an optional I/O Power Cable for the Raven XT which can be
used to attach devices to the combination I/O port and power connector. The
harness has pre-wired leads to allow you to customize your own connections. The
wires are paired and color-coded.
Warning: Risk of electric shock: Only use the supply voltages listed in this user guide.
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Inputs, Relay Outputs, and Power Status
Digital Input
Digital Input/Output
Input Specs(Over temp)
Pin 3
Pin 4
Function
Input
Output Only
Max VDC
3.3V
3.3V
V Positive VDC
1.3 to 2.2VDC
1.3 to 2.2VDC
V negative VDC
0.6 to 1.2 VDC
0.6 TO 1.5VDC
Hysteresis VDC
0.4 to 1.2VDC
0.4 to 1.2VDC
Internal Pullup
52kohm to 3.3VDC
(no pull on pin 4)
Output Specs (Over temp)
Function
Input Only
Output
IOUT
±50mA
VOHmin (IOH - 16 mA)
2.4V
VOHmin (IOH - 24 mA)
2.3V
VOLmax(IOL 24mA)
0.55V
Figure 5-4: Power Connector Diagram
Caution: Never apply voltage to the Digital inputs. The inputs can only be switched open
or closed to ground.
Monitoring the Input and Output
You can monitor the status of the digital inputs using ACEmanager, AT
Commands, or with special reports sent by email, SMS, or other report types
using Event Reporting. In ACEmanager, select the I/O group.
Rev 4.0 Mar.10
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Raven XT
Figure 5-5: ACEmanager : I/O
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