Chevrolet 1993 Cavalier Owner`s manual

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I993 Owner’s Manual
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Chevrolet Cavalier
introduction
Part
I
2
3
4
5
6
7
Part
8
Part
9
Part
Part
Part
Part
Part
Part
Printed in USA
Table of Contents
. . . . . . . . . . . .6
Seats & SafetyBelts ,
.. . . . . ..
Features & Controls . . . . . . . . . . . .47 =
Comfort Controls & Audio Systems . . . I O!
Your Driving and the Road . . . . . . . . . . 123 I
Problems on the Road. . . . . . . . . .
Service & Appearance Care . . . . . . . . . I95
MaintenanceSchedule . . . . . . . . . . 259
Customer Assistance Information . . . . .281 I
Includes “ReportingSafety Defects” on page 286
Index ....................
295
Service Station Information . . . .Last Page
How to Use this Manual
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10202145 B
Second Printing
.
important Notes About this Manual
Please keep this manual in your Chevrolet, so it will be there if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you
sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so the new owner can use it.
This manual includes the latest information at the timeit was printed. We reserve the right to make changes in the
product after that time without further notice.
Note to Canadian Owners
For vehicles firstsold in Canada, substitute the name “General Motors of Canada Limited” for Chevrolet Motor
Division whenever it appears in this manual.
For Canadian Owners Who Prefer a French Language Manual
Aux proprietaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vous procurer un exemplaire de ce guide en francais chez votre
concessionaire ou au DGN Marketing Services Ltd., 1500 Bonhill Road, Mississauga, Ontario L5T 1C7.
Published by Chevrolet Motor Division
General Motors Corporation
The word Chevrolet, the Chevrolet emblem and the
name Cavalier are registered trademarksof General
Motors Corporation.
The word Delco is a registered trademark of the
General Motors Corporation.
@ Copyright 1992 General Motors Corporation, Chevrolet Motor Division.All rights reserved.
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Louis Chevrolet,the other half of the team, at
the wheel of his experimental “Classic Six,”
which enteredproduction in 1912. That year
2999 vehicles wereproduced.
The dynumic William C “Billy ’’ Durant
shlfted gearsfram muking carriages to
making cars, forming half the team that
gave birth to Chevrolet.
k
In Januuy 1942, Chevroletfictorics
were convirted to militaty production in
an all-out@ort to achieve victoryin
Europe and the Pacific.. . but millionsof
Americans already owned a “Chevy.”
:re; d l
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In 1932 Chevrolet introduced
the Synchro-Mesh transmission
and ofleredahost of accessoriesincluding such nicetiesas a clock!
,,,-+---
d
i
The legacyof America’s favorite
sportscar began in 1953, when 319 handassembled white Corvettes launched the
7 firstuse of aJiberglass
body in a
The 1957 Chevy started a romance with the
American public-and was poweredby an
available fuel-injectedV8.
60's automotive excitement
included Chevrolet landmarks like
the Corvette Sting Ray,the sporty
Camuro, and powerplants like the
legendary 327 V8.
m7
Your new Chevrolet continuesa tradition of quality and value.
How to Use this Manual
Part 5: Problems on the Road
This part tells you what to do if you
have a problem while driving, such as a
flat tire or engine overheating.
Part 6: Service & Appearance Care
Here the manual tells you how to keep
your Chevrolet running properly and
looking good.
Part 7: Maintenance Schedule
This part tells you when to perform
Using Your 1993 Chevrolet
vehicle maintenance and what fluids and
Part 1: Seats and Safety Belts
Owner's Manual
Many people read their owner's manual This part tells you how to use your seats lubricants to use.
Part 8: Customer Assistance
and safety belts properly.
from beginning toend when they first
Information
receive their new vehicle. This will help Part 2: Features & Controls
you learn about the features and controls This part explains how to start and
This part tells you how to contact
for your vehicle.In this manual, you'll
Chevrolet for assistance and how to get
operate your Chevrolet.
find that pictures and words work
service publications. Italso gives you
Part 3: Comfort Controls & Audio
together to explain things quickly.
information onReporting Safety Defects.
Systems
Part 9: Index
There arenine parts with color-tabbed
pages in this manual. Each part begins This part tells you how to adjust the
Here's an alphabetical listingof almost
ventilation and comfort controls and
with a brief list of contents, so you can
every subject in this manual. You can
how to operate your audio system.
usually tell at a glance if that part
use it to quickly find somethingyou
Part 4: Your Driving and the Road
contains the informationyou want.
want to read.
Here
you'll
find
helpful
information
and
You can bend the manual slightly to
Service Station Information
reveal the color tabs that helpyou find a tips about the road and how to drive
This is a quick reference of service
under different conditions.
part.
information. You can find it on the last
page of this manual.
5
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Vehicle Damage Warnings
Satiety Warnings and Symbols
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You will find a numberof safety
cautions in this book. We use yellow
and the word CAUTION to tellyou
about things that couldhurt you if you
were to ignore the warning.
These mean there is somethiq
that could hurt you or other
ople.
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In the yellow caution area, we tell you
what the hazard is. Then we tell you
what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions. If
you don’t, you or others could be hurt.
You will also find a red circle with a
slash through it in this book. This safety
symbol means:
I
Don’t
Don’t do this
Don’t let this happen
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Also, in this book you will find these
blue notices:
NOTICE
I
hese mean there is somct
ould damage your vehicle.
In the blue notice area, we tell you
about something thatcan damage your
vehicle. Many times, this damage would
not be coveredby your warranty, and it
could be costly.But the notice will tell
you what to do to help avoid the
damage.
When you read other manuals, you
might see CAUTION and NOTICE
warnings in differentcolors or in
different words. In this manual, we’ve
used the familiar words andcolors that
Chevrolet has used for years.
You’ll also see warning labels on your
vehicle. They use thesame colors, and
the words CAUTION or NOTICE.
7
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How to Use this Manual
Vehicle Symbols
These are someof the symbols you will These symbols are important for you
find on your vehicle. For example, these and your passengers whenever your
symbols are used on an original battery: vehicle is driven:
These symbols have to do with your
lights:
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Master Lighting Switch
Caution Possible Injury
Fasten Safety Belts
Turn Signal Direction
Protect Eyes byShielding
Door LocWUnlock
Caustic Battery Acid
Could Cause Burns
Hazard Warning Flashers
Avoid Sparks or Flames
Headlight High Beam
Spark or Flame Could
Explode Battery
Parking Lights
pi
These symbols are on some of your
controls:
Windshield Wipers
Windshield Washer
Windshield Defroster
These symbols are usedon warning and
indicator lights:
Engine Coolant
Temperature
-1
cc
Here are some other symbols you may
see:
Fuse
TrunkRelease
Battery Charging
System
Lighter
Fuel
Horn
Rear Window Defogger
Ventilating Fan
Power Window
Engine Oil Pressure
wbl
Brake
Anti-Lock Brakes
(@I
Hood Release
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Notes
.
Part
II
Seats & Safety Belts
H e r e YOU’II find information about
the seats in your Chevrolet and how
to use your safety belts properly. You
can also learn about some things
.
you should not do with safety belts
Seats and Seat Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SafetyBelts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How.to Wear Safety Belts Properly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DriverPosition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Right Front Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RearSeatPassengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Center Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Smaller Children and Babies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Child Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LargerChildren . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SafetyBeltExtender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing Safety Belts Aftera Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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17
22
23
27
27
28
30
32
33
34
35
43
44
45
II
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Seats & Safety Belts
Seats and Seat Controls
This section tellsyou about the seatshow to adjust them-and also about
reclining seatbacks and head restraints.
Manual Front Seat
IC"
I , You can lose control of the
- b vehicle if you try to adjust a
manual driver's seat while the
vehicle is moving. The sudden
movement could startle and
confuse you, or make you push a
pedal when you don't want to.
Adjust the driver's seat only when
the vehicle is not moving.
Move the lever under the front seat to
unlock it. Slide the seat to where you
want it. Then release the lever andtry ct 3
move the seat with your body, to make
sure the seat is locked into place.
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Reclining Front Seatback
To adjust the seatback, lift the lever on
outer side of the seat andmove the
,seatback to where you want it. Release
1the lever to lock the seatback. Pull up
on the lever and the seat willgo to an
1upright position.
But don't have a seatback reclinedif
-Jourvehicle is moving.
1the
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Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle is
in motion can be
dangerous. Even if you buckle up, your safety belts can’tdo their job
when you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job because it won’t be against your body.
Instead, it will be in front of you. In a crash you could go into it, receiving
neck or other injuries.
The lapbelt can’t do its job either. In a crash the belt could go up over your
abdomen. The belt forces would be there, notat your pelvic bones. This could
cause serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in motion, have the seatback
upright. Then sit well back in theseat and wear your safety belt properly.
Head Restraints
Head restraints are fixed on some
vehicles and adjustable on others. Slide
an adjustable head restraint up or down
so that the top of the restraint is closest
to the top of your ears.
This position reduces the chance of a
neck injury in a crash.
On some models, the head restraints tilt
forward and rearward also.
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Seats & Safety Belts
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Mama/ 4- Way Adjustab/e Driver’s
Seat (OPTION)
There are two levers atthe front of the
seat. The left lever adjusts the seat
forward and back. The right lever
adjusts the angle of the front of the seat.
To Adjust the Seat’s Forward and
Rearward Movement:
Lift the left lever up and adjustthe seat
forward or back. Then release the lever
and try to move the seat to be certain
that it is locked in place.
To Raise or Lower the Front of the
Seat:
Lift the right lever, and lean forward or
backward.
... 14
I Front Seatback Latches
(2-DOOR MODELS)
You can lose control of the
you try to adjust a
manual driver’s seat while the
vehicle is moving. The sudden
movement could startle and
confuse you, or make you push a
pedal when you don’t want to.
Adjust the driver’s seat only when
the vehicle is not moving.
b vehicle if
In 2-door models, the front seatback
folds forward to let people get into the
back seat. Your seatback will move back
and forth freely, unless you come to a
sudden stop. Then it will lock in place.
There’s one time the seatbackmay not
fold without some help from you. That’s
if your vehicle is parked going downa
fairly steep hill.
To fold a front seatback forward, push
the seatback toward the rearas you lift
this latch. Then the seatback will fold
forward. The latch must be downfor the
seat to work properly.
Easy-Entry Seat
(RS 2-DOOR AND 2-24 MODELS)
If the seatback isn’t locked, it
4 L could move forward in a
sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting
there. Always press rearward on
the seatback to be sure it is locked.
The right front seat of your vehicle
makes it easy to getin and out of the
rear seat.
When you push down on therear latch
and tilt the rightfront seatback fully
forward, the whole seat will slide
forward.
After someone gets into the rear seat
area, move the right front seatback to
its original position. Then move the
seat rearward until it locks.
If an easyentry right front
seat isn’t locked, it can move.
In a sudden stop or crash, the
person sitting there could be
injured, After you’ve used it, be
sure to push rearward on an
easy-entry seat to be sure it is
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locked.
To get out, again tilt the seatback
fully forward.
Split Fbld-Down Rear Seat
(OPTION)
To Open:
Pull forward on the seat tab.
To Close:
Push the seatbackup to its original
position.
Push seatback solidly up against the
back plate toensure inertial latch will
hook.
Seats & Safety Belts
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Folding Rear Wagon Seats
To add more cargo room, your rear
seatback can be easily foldeddown. Be
sure to check your seatback latchesnow
and then by pushing the seatback back
and forth. If they do not latch properly,
have them checked by your dealer.
Remember to keep safety beltsclear of
seat hinges and latchesso they are not
damaged when you raise and lower the
seatback.
...
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To Lower the Split Folding Rear Seat:
1. There is a release lever onthe side of
each seat. Pull the release lever
forward and pull the seatback
forward and down.
2. Push down on thefiller panel and the
seatback so they lock into a level
position.
4
To Raise the Split Folding Rear Seat:
1. Push down on the edge of the
seatback and pull upthe filler panel.
2. Lift the seatback until it locks in
place. Push back and forth onthe
seatback to be sure it is locked in
place.
To Lower the One-Piece Rear Seat:
1. Pull down on the release lever located
on the right side of the seat.
2. Pull the seatback forward and down.
Once folded, the weight of the onepiece seatback will hold it down.
To Raise the One-Piece Rear Seat:
1. Lift the seatback until it locks in
place. Push back and forth on the
seatback to be sure it is locked in
place.
Safety Belts:
They're For Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to
use safety belts properly. It also tells you
some things you should not do with
safety belts.
17
...
Seats & Safety Belts
Safety Belts:
Z7iey’re For Everyone (Cant.)
*
Don’t let anyone ride where
d theycan’twearasafetybelt
properly. Ifyou are in a crash and
you’renotwearingasafety
belt,
vour iniuries can be much worse.
?ou c 2 hit things insidethe
vehicle or be ejected from it. You
can be seriously injuredor killed.
In the same crash, you might not
be if you are buckled up.
Always fasten your safety belt, and
check that your passengers’ belts
are fastened
properly
too.
... 18
You never know if you’ll be in a crash.
If you do have a crash, you don’t know
if it will be a badone.
A few crashes are very mild. In them,
you won’t get hurt even if you’re not
UP.
n many states and Canadian provinces, buckled up. And some crashes can beso
le law says to wear safety belts. Here’s serious, like being hit by a train, that
even buckled up a person wouldn’t
rhy: They work.
survive. But most crashes are in
between. In many of them, people who
buckle up can survive and sometimes
walk away. Without belts they couldbe
badly hurt or killed.
After 25 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes
buckling up doesmatter. . .a lot!
This figure lights up when you turn the
key to Run or Start when your safety
belt isn’t buckled, and you’ll hear a
chime, too. It’s the reminder to buckle
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Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you
go as fast as it goes.
1. For example, if the bike is going
10 mph (16 km/h), so is the child.
2. When the bike hits the block, it
stops. But the child keeps going!
3. Take the simplest “car.” Suppose
it’s just a seat on wheels.
19
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Seats & Safety Belts
I
Why Safety Belts Work (CONI:)
4. Put someone on it.
e
5. Get it up to speed. Then stop the
44car.”The rider doesn’t stop.
6. The person keeps going until
stopped by something. In a real
vehicle, it could be the
windshield..
.
With safety belts, you slow down as the
vehicle does. You get more time to stop.
You stop over more distance, and your
strongest bones take the forces. That’s
why safety belts make such good sense.
7. or the instrumentpanel.. .
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8. or the safety belts!
Here Are Questions Many People
Ask About Safety BeltsQ: Why don’t they just put in air
bags so people won’t haveto wear
and the Answers
Q: If I’m a good driver, andI never
drive far from home, why should I
wear safety belts?
safety belts?
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle
A: You may be an excellent driver, but
after an accident if I’m wearing a A: ‘Air bags,’’ or Supplemental
Inflatable Restraint systems, are in
if you’re in an accident-even one
safety belt?
some
vehicles
today
and
will
be
that
isn’t your fault-you and your
in
A: You could be-whether you’re
passengers can be hurt. Being a good
more of them in the future. But they
wearing a safety beltor not. But you
are
supplemental
systems
only-so
driver
doesn’t protect you from
can easily unbuckle a safety belt,
things beyond your control, such as
they work with safety belts, not
even if you’re upside down. And
bad
drivers.
instead
of
them.
Every
“air
bag”
your chance of being conscious
system ever offeredfor sale has
Most accidents occur within 25 miles
during and after an accident, so you
required the use of safety belts. Even
(40 km) of home. And the greatest
can unbuckle and get out, is much
if
you’re
in
a
vehicle
that
has
“air
number
of serious injuries and deaths
greater if you are belted.
bags,” you still have to buckle up to
occur at speeds of less than 40 mph
get the most protection. That’strue
(65 km/h).
not only in frontalcollisions, but
Safety belts are for everyone.
especially in side and other
collisions.
21
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Its
& Safety Belts
rn How to Wear Safety Belts
Properly-Adults
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When the key is turned to Run or Start, W r n ~ ~ J $ ~This section is only for peopleof adult
Safety
Belt
Warning
Light
A
a chime willcome on for about eight
seconds to remind people to fasten
their
safety belts, unless the driver’s safety
belt is buckled.
The safety belt light willalso come on
andstay on foraboutaminute. If the
driver’sbeltis buckled, neitherthe
chime
nor
the
light
will
come on.
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If your safety belt light ever
comes on or stays on after the
ont doors are closed and the
iver’s belt is buckled, have your
vehicle fixed.
Ifyoudon’t,youmightnothave
the protection you’dneed ina
crash.
size.
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GAUIIUN
There are special things to
know about s a k t y belts and
children. And there are different
des-fbrbabies and smaller
children. If a child will be riding
in your Chwrolet, see the Index
under Children and &f&y Belts.
Fbllow those rules fix everyone’s
protection.
First, you’ll want to know which
restraint systems your vehicle has.
We’ll start with thedriver position.
Vehicles First Sold in Canada
Driver Position
Automatic Lap-Shoulder Belt
Was your Chevrolet first sold, when
new, in Canada? (If it was, a sticker on
the driver’s door will say “conforms to
all applicable Canada motor
vehicle. . . etc.) If so, then the rest of
Part 1 does not apply to your vehicle.
To learn how to use your safety belts,
please read the Owner’s Manual
Safety Belt Supplement. It comes with
every new Chevrolet first sold in
Canada.
This section describes the driver’s
restraint system.
This safety belt is called “automatic”
because you don’t have to buckle up
when you get into your vehicle.
”
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Seats & Safety Belts
Automatic Lap-Shoulder Belt
(CON1)
The lap belt should be wornas low on
the hips as possible. In a crash, this
And you don't have to unbuckle when
you get out.
applies force tothe strong pelvic bones.
And
you'd be less likely to slide under
Just get into the vehicle. Then close and
lock the door. Adjustthe seat so you can the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen.
sit up straight. (To see how, see the
This could cause serious or even fatal
Index under Seat Controls.)
injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across thechest.
These parts of the body are best able to
take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there's a sudden
stop or a crash.
It's possible thatan automatic belt could
keep you from fully opening a door.
That can happenif the door was
slammed shut very hard. Justclose the
door all the way, then slowly open it. If
that doesn't fix it, then your Chevrolet
needs service.
We hope you'll always keep your
automatic belt buckled. However, you
may need to unbuckle it in an
emergency.
To unbuckle the automatic belt, just
push the button on the buckle.
To Reattach the Automatic Belt:
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up
straight. To see how, see the Index
under Seat Controls.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pullthe
belt across you. Don’t let it get
twisted.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle
until it clicks.
Q: What’s wrong with this?
A: The shoulder belt is too loose. It
won’t give nearly as much protection
this way.
A
I
You can be seriously hurt if
your shoulder belt is too
loose. In a crash you would move
forward too much, which could
significantly increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against
your body.
25
Seats & Safety Belts
Automatic lapshoulder Belt
(CONr.)
Q: What’s wrong with this?
A: The belt is buckled in the wrong
place.
CAUTION
A
You can be seriously injuredif
your belt is buckled in the
wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your
abdomen. The belt forces would
be there, not at the pelvic bones.
This could cause serious internal
injuries. Always buckle your belt
into the buckle nearest you.
Q: What’s wrong with this?
A: The shoulder belt is worn under the
arm. It should be worn overthe
shoulder at all times.
I
A
You can be seriously injured if
you wear the shoulder belt
under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward,
which would increase the chance
of head and neck injury. Also,the
belt would apply too much forceto
the ribs, which aren’t as strong as
shoulder bones. You could alSQ
severely injure internal organs like
your liveror spleen.
Q: What’s wrong with this?
A: The belt is twisted acrossthe body.
‘Ab
You can be seriously injured
a twisted belt.In a crash,
you wouldn’t have the full width of
the belt to take impact forces.If a
belt is twisted, make it straight so
it can work properly, or ask your
dealer to fix it.
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Safety BeltUse During
Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone,
including pregnant women. Like all
occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear
safety belts.
A pregnant woman should wear alapshoulder belt, and the lap portion should
be worn as low as possible throughout
the pregnancy.
The best way to protect the fetus is to
protect the mother. When a safety beltis
worn properly, it’s more likely that the
fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key
to making safety belts effective is
wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
The right front passenger’s safety belt
works the same way as the driver’s
safety belt. See the Index under Driver
Position.
Adjust the seat so you can sit up
straight. To see how, see the Index
under Seat Controls. Move your seat far
enough forward that your feet touch
the
part of the vehicle that is calledthe
“toeboard” (A). That way you’d be less
likely to slide under the lap belt in a
crash.
27
8
8
Seats & Safety Belts
Rear Seat Passengers
Rear Seat Outside Passenger
Positions
It’s very important for rear seat
passengers to buckle up! Accident
The positions next to the windows have
statistics show that unbelted peoplein
lap-shoulder belts.
the rear seat are hurt more often in
crashes than those whoare wearing
safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted
can be thrown outof the vehicle in a
crash. And they can strike others in the
vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Here’s How to Wear One Properly:
1. Pick up the latch plate and pullthe
belt across you. Don’t let it get
twisted.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle
until it clicks.
Ib
If the belt stops before it reaches the
buckle, tilt the latch plate and keep
pulling until you can buckle it.
If the belt is not long enough, see the
Index under Safety Belt Extender.
Make sure the release button on the
buckle faces upwardor outward so you
would be able to unbuckle it quickly if
you ever had to.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down
on the buckle end of the belt as you
pull up on the shoulder part.
e
The lap part of the belt should be worn
low and snug onthe hips, just touching
the thighs. In a crash, this applies force
to the strong pelvic bones. Andyou’d be
less likely toslide under the lap belt. If
you slid under it, the belt would apply
force at yourabdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The
shoulder belt should go over the
shoulder and across the chest. These
parts of the body are best able to take
belt restraining forces.
Seats & Safety Belts
?ear Seat Outside Passenger
Dositions (CONT.)
To unlatch the belt, just push the button
on the buckle.
The safety belt locksif there's a sudden
'top or a crash.
CAUTION
A
You can be seriously hurt if
your shoulder belt is too
loose. In a crash you would move
forward too much, which could
increase injury. The shoulder belt
should fit againstyour body.
. . I
D
I
Rear Safety BeltComfort Guides
for Children and Small Adults
Your vehicle may be equipped with rear
shoulder belt comfort guides.This
feature will provide added comfortfor
children who have outgrown child
restraints, and for small adults. If your
vehicle does not have comfort guides,
you may ask your dealer to order and
install them for you.The comfort guides
pull the shoulder belts away from the
neck and head.
I
2. Slide the guide under and pastthe belt. 3. Be sure that the beltis not twisted
There is one guide for each outside
The elastic cord must be under the
and it lies flat. The elastic cord must
passenger position in the rear seat. You
belt. Then, place the guide over the
be under the belt and the guide on
will find them tucked in between the
top.
belt, and insert the two edges
of the belt
seat back and the interior body, about
into the slots of the guide.
half-way down the edge of the seat
back. Here is how you should install the
comfort guides on the shoulder belts:
1. Pull the elastic cord out from
between the edge of the seat back and
the interior body to remove the guide
from its storage clip.
31
Seats & Safety Belts
f-
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides
Center Passenger Position
for Children and Small Aduits To remove and store the comfort guides, If your vehicle has a rear bench seat,
just perform these stepsin reverse order. someone can sitin the center position.
4. Buckle the belt around thechild, and Squeeze the belt edges togetherso that
When you sit in a center seating
make sure that both the lap belt and you can take them out from the guides. position, you have a lap safety belt,
Pull the guide upward to expose its
the shoulder beltare secured
which has no retractor.
properly. Make sure that the shoulder storage clip, and then slide the guide
onto the clip. Rotate the guide and clip
belt crosses the shoulder. See the
inward and in between the seat back and
Index under Safety Belts.
the interior body, leaving only the loop
of elastic cord exposed.
(CONr.)
Children
To make the belt longer, tiltthe latch
plate and pull it alongthe belt.
To make the belt shorter, pull itsfree
end as shown until the belt is snug.
Buckle, position and releaseit the salne
way as the lap part of a lap-shoulder
belt.
If the belt isn't long enough, see the
Index under Safeq Belt Extender.
Make sure the release button on the
buckle faces upwardor outward so yc)U
would be able to unbuckle it quickly if
you ever had to.
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection!
That includes infants and allchildren
smaller than adult size. In fact, the law
in every state and Canadianprovince
says children up to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
33
Seats & Safety Belts
r
A
,..
:a
--
-"
x
i
1
Smaller children and babies
should always be restrained in
a child or infint restraint. The
instructions for the restraint will
say whether it is the right type and
size for your child. A very young
child's hip bones are so smalI that
a r e g u l a r belt might notstay low
on the hips, as it should. Instead,
the belt will likely be over the
child's abdomen. In a crash the
belt would apply force right on the
child's abdomen, which could
cause serious or fatal injuries. So,
be sure that any child small enough
for one is always properly
restrained in a child or infant
restraint.
(Continued)
Secure the baby in an infant
restraint.
Child Restraints
Where to Put the Restraint
Be sure to follow the instructions for the
restraint. You may find these
instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use
the belt system in your vehicle, butthe
child also has to be secured withinthe
restraint to help reduce the chance of
personal injury. The instructions that
come with the infant or child restraint
will show you how to do that.
Accident statistics show that children are Wherever you install it, be sure to
safer if they are restrained in the rear
secure the child restraint properly.
rather than the front seat. We at General
Motors therefore recommend thatyou
put your child restraintin the rear seat
An unsecured child restraint
unless the child is an infant and you’re
-4
can move around in a collision
the only adult in the vehicle. In that
or sudden stop and injure people in
case, you might want to secure the
the vehicle. Be sure to properly
restraint in the front seat where you can
secure any child restraint in your
keep an eye on the baby.
vehicle-even when no child is in it.
35
Seats & Safety Belts
Top Strap
If your child restraint has a top
strap, it
should be anchored. If you need to have
an anchor installed, you can ask your
Chevrolet dealer to put it in for you. If
you want to install an anchor yourself,
your dealer can tell you how todo it.
. . I
36
Securing a Child Restraint ina
Rear Outside Position
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt.
See the earlier section about the top
strap if the child restraint has one.
.
1 Put the restraint on the seat. Follow
the instructions for the child
restraint.
2. Secure the child in the child restraint
as the instructions say.
3. Pull out the vehicle’s safety belt and
run the lap part through or around
the restraint. The child restraint
instructions will showyou how. Tilt
the latch plateto adjust the belt if
needed.
See if the shoulder belt would go in
front of the child’s faceor neck. If
so, put it behindthe child restraint.
,
....
.
’.
4. Buckle the belt.Make sure the
release
button
faces
upward
or
outward, so you’llbe able to unbuckle it quickly if you ever need to.
5. To tighten the belt, pulluponthe
shoulder belt
while you push
down
on the child restraint.
6. Push and pull the child restraintin
different directions to be sure it is
secure.
To remove the child restraint, just
unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt and let
it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to
work for an adultor larger child
passenger.
37
Seats & Safety Belts
I
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Center Rear Seat Position
When you secure a child restraint in a
center seating position, you’ll be using
the lap belt. Seethe earlier section
about the top strap if the child restraint
has one.
. . I I
38
1. Make the beltas long as possible by
tilting the latch plate and pullingit
along the belt.
2. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow
the instructions for the child
restraint.
3.Secure the child in the child restraint
as the instructions say.
4. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through
or around the restraint. The child
restraint instructions will show you
how.
5. Buckle the belt. Make sure the
release button faces upwardor outward, so you’ll be able to unbuckle it
quickly if you ever need to.
6. To tighten the belt, pull its free end
while you push down on the child
restraint.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in
different directions to be sure it is
secure. If the child restraint isn’t
secure, turn the latch plate over and
buckle it again. Then see if it is
secure. If it isn’t, secure the restraint
in a different place in the vehicle and
contact the child restraint maker for
their advice.
To remove the child restraint, just
unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt. It will
be ready to work for an adultor larger
child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Fmnt Seat
To use a child restraint here, you will
need a special infantkhild seat attaching
belt and the hardware that goes withit.
See the earlier section about the top
strap if the child restraint has one.
Your dealer can get these and install the
hardware for you. It’s free. The special
belt is GM Part No. 12340286. Your
dealer can find the correct hardware in
the accessory section of the GM Parts
Catalog.
39
...
Seats & Safety Belts
Securing a Child Restraint inthe
Right Front Seat(CONT.)
Once the special hardware is installed,
please follow the instructions with it,
and these steps:
1 .Unbuckle
attachingthe automatic lap-shoulder
belt by pushing the button on the
buckle. It will stay on the door, ready
to be rebuckledfor use by adults or
older children.
y r /
infantkhild seat
hardware in another vehicle.If you
do, it may not work well andthe
child may
not
protected
be
properly in acrash. The special
hardware is for your vehicle only.
Also, don’t usethe special belt for
anything but securing a child
restraint in the right front seat. If
an adult or older child uses it, the
belt won’t provide protection and
may even increase injury in a
crash.
I
I
2. Snap one hook of the infmtkhild seat
attaching belt nearthe floor at the
door side of the seat.
. ... ..
. . . ....
...,,... . . . .
3.Put the belt's special latch plate into
the vehicle's safety belt buckle.
4. You can make the belt longerby
8. Put the hook on the free end through
tilting the buckle and pulling it along
the slot in the latch plate.
the belt.
5 . Put the restraint on the seat. Follow
the instructions for the child
restraint.
6. Secure the child in the child restraint
as the instructions say.
7. Run the belt through or around the
child restraint. The child restraint
instructions will show you how.
41
Seats & Safety Belts
Securing a Child Restraint in the To Remove the InfanUChiId Seat
Restraint
7ight Front Seat(CONX:)
9. To make it tight, pull the belt while
you push down on the child
restraint. If the belt won’t stay tight,
switch it end for end.
IO. Push and pull the child restraint in
different directionsto be sure it is
secure.
1. Push the buttonon the safety belt
buckle and remove the special latch
plate. Leave the latch plate on the
special belt.
2. Push the spring on the hook near the
door and remove the special belt.
3. Put the belt away in a safe place in
your vehicle, so it won’t fly around in
a crash and injure someone.
4. Remember to reattach the automatic
belt again, once the child restraint is
removed. Be sure it isn’t twisted.
X20
x20
L
U205
Children
L
a
r
,
r
Children who have outgrown child
restraints should wear the vehicle's
safety belts. If you have the choice, a
child should sit next to a window so the
child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and
get the additional restraint a shoulder
belt can provide.
Accident statistics show thatchildren are
safer if they are restrained in the rear
seat. But they need to use the safety
belts properly.
Children who aren't buckled upcan be
thrown out in acrash.
Children who aren't buckled upcan
strike other people who are.
Never do
Here two children are wearing
the same belt. The belt can't
properly spread the impact forces.
In a crash, the two children can be
crushed together and seriously
injured. A belt must be used by
only one person at a time.
Ir
a
this.
11
43
Seats & Safety Belts
larger Children (CONT.)
Safety Belt Extender
Q: What if a child is wearing a lapshoulder belt, but the child isso
small that the shoulder belt
is very
neck?
close to the child’s face or
A: Move the child towardthe center of
the vehicle, but be sure that the
shoulder belt stillis on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash the
child‘s upper body would have the
restraint that belts provide.
If the child is so small that the
shoulder belt is still very close to the
child’s face or neck, you might want
to place the child in the center seat
position, the one that has only
a lap
belt.
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten
around you, you should use it. The
automatic lap-shoulder belt has plenty
of
Here a child is sitting in a seat
extra
length
built
in,
so
it
will
fasten
that has a lap-shoulder belt, but the
around almost all people.
shoulder partis behind the child.
If the child wears the belt in this
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to
way, in a crash the child might
fasten, your dealer will orderyou an
slide under the belt. The belt’s
extender. It’s free. When you go in to
force would then be applied right
order it, take the heaviest coat you will
on the child’s abdomen. That could wear, so the extender will be long
cause serious or fatal injuries.
enough for you.The extender will be
just for you, andjust for the seat in your
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion vehicle that you choose. Don’t let
of the belt should be worn low and snug someone else useit, and use it only for
the seat it is made tofit. To wear it, just
on the hips, just touching the child’s
attach
it to the regular safety belt.
thighs. This applies belt force to the
child’s pelvic bones in a crash.
Checking Your Restraint Systems Replacing Safety Belts After
a
Now and then, make sure all your belts, Crash
buckles, latch plates, retractors,
anchorages and reminder systems are
working properly. Look for any loose
parts or damage. If you see anything that
might keep a restraint system from
doing its job, have it repaired.
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new
belts?
After a very minor collision, nothing
may be necessary. But if the belts were
stretched, as they would be if worn
during a more severe crash, then you
need new belts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace
them. Collision damage alsomay mean
you will have to have safety belt parts,
like the retractor, replacedor anchorage
locations repaired-even if the belt
wasn’t being used at the time of the
collision.
Q: What’s wrong with this?
A: The belt is torn.
I
Torn or frayed belts may not
L protect you in a crash. They
can rip apart under impact forces.
If a belt is torn or frayed, get a
new one right away.
45
Notes
.; .
..
I
Part
2
Features & Controls
Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
H e r e you can learn about the
GloveBox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
many standardand optional features Ignition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
on your Chevrolet.and information
StartingYourEngine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
on starting. shifting and braking.
Engine Block Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Also explained are the instrument
Shifting the Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
panel and the warning systems that ParkingBrake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
ShiftingintoPark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
tell you if everything is working
71
properly-and what to do if you have Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turn
SignaVHeadlight
Beam
Lever
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
-73
a problem.
Cruisecontrol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Headlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Interior Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Windshield Wipers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
83
Windshield Washer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
87
Ashtrays and Lighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sunroof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Instrumentpanel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
47
c
...
Features & Controls
Keys
The ignition keys are for the ignition
only.
vehicle-with the ignitionkey
is dangerous for many reasons. A
child or others could be badly
injured or even killed.
They could operate power
windows or other controls or even
make the vehicle move. Don’t leave
the keys in a vehicle with young
children.
The door keys are for the doors and all
other locks.
When a new Chevrolet is delivered, the
dealer removes the plugs from the keys,
and gives them to the first owner.
Each plug hasa code on it that tells your
dealer or a qualified locksmith how to
make extra keys. Keep the plugs ina
safe place. If you lose your keys, you’ll
be able to have new ones made easily
using these plugs.
Door Lock
A~
-
Unlocked doors can be
dangerous.
Passengers-especially childrencan easily open thedoors and fall
out. When a door is locked, the
inside handle won't openit.
Outsiders can easily enter through
an unlocked door when you slow
down or stop your vehicle.
This may not be so obvious: You
increase the chance of being
thrown out of the vehicle in a crash
if the doors aren't locked. Wear
d
t
y belts properly, lock your
doors, and you will be fat better
off whenever you drive your
vehicle.
There are several ways to lock and
unlock your vehicle.
From the Outside:
Use your door key.
From the Inside:
To lock the door, pull the sliding
locking lever back.
To unlock the door, push the sliding
locking lever forward.
49
ures & Controls
Automatic DoorLocks
Power Door Locks
You can lock or unlock all doors of your
vehicle from the driver or passenger
door lock switch.
On 4-door models, the switch on each
rear door works only that door’slock. It
won’t lock (or unlock) all of the
doors-that’s a safety feature.
50
Just close your doors and turn on the
ignition. If you have an automatic
transaxle, all of the doors will lock
when you move your shift lever out of
P (Park) or N (Neutral). If you have a
manual transaxle, allof the doors will
lock when the vehicle goes about8 mph
(13km/h). Each time you close your
doors and turn on the ignition, thedoors
will lock automatically only once.If
someone needs to get out while the
vehicle is running, have that person use
the manual or power lock. When the
door is closed again, it will not lock
automatically. Just use the manual or
power lock to lock thedoor again.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, open your
door and set the locks from inside. Then
get out and close the door.
Illuminated Entry/Exit System
When you lift the handleof either front
door, the lights inside your vehicle will
go on. (On the wagon, the rear
compartment light will notgo on when
the doors are opened.) These lights will
go off after about 40 seconds, or when
the ignition is turned on.
If the ignition has been off for less than
two minutes, the lights inside your
vehicle will stay on for about four
seconds to provide an illuminated exit.
The illuminated entry/exit system is
deactivated when thedome light lever is
moved to the OFF position.
I
..
Trunk lock
Remote Trunk Release (OPTION)
To unlock the trunk from the outside,
insert the door key and turn it.
Pull upward on the remote release
handle, located onthe floor near the left
side of the driver’s seat, to release the
trunk lid.
Lockout Feature:
The remote trunk release is equipped
with a lockout feature to help prevent
unauthorized entry into the trunk when
the vehicle is unattended. The switch is
located on the inside of the trunk lid,
mounted to the trunk lid latch.
To turn the lockout on, slide the switch
all the way to the right. To turn the
lockout off, slide the switch all the way
to the left.
When the lockout is on, the mechanical
remote trunk release will not release the
trunk lid. However, the trunk lid can
still be opened withthe key.
51
Features & Controls
I
CJ2044
Remote Lifigate Release
To &dock the liftgate from the outside,
insert the door key and turn it
clockwise. Then lift up the bottom of
the liftgate.
Be sure there are no overhead
obstructions beforeyou open the
liftgate. You could slam the liftgate into
something and breakthe glass.
It can be dangerous todrive
L with the liftgate open. Carbon
monoxide (CO) gas can come into
vehicle. You can’t see or
I your
smell co. It can cause unconsciousness or even death.
Ifyoumust drive withtheliftgate
transaxle,
open:
Make sure all other windows are
shut.
Turn the fan on your heating or
cooling system to its highest
speed (that will forcethe outside
air into your vehicle).
If you have air vents on or under
the instrument panel, open them
all the way.
(WAGON)
I
Press the yellow liftgate release button
located inthe glove box to releasethe
liftgate.
The automatic transaxle must bein
P (Park) or N (Neutral) forthe liftgate
lock releaseto work. Withamanual
must
thebrake
parking
be set.
Theft
Glove Box Lock
(RS AND 2-24 MODELS)
Use the door key to lock and unlock the
glove box. To open, pinch the handle,
Vehicle theft is big business, especially
in some cities. Although your Chevrolet
has a number of theft-deterrent features,
we know that nothing we puton it can
make it impossible to steal. However,
there are ways you can help.
Key in the Ignition:If you walk away
from your vehicle withthe keys inside,
it’s an easy target for joy riders or
professional thieves-so don’t do it.
When you park your Chevrolet and
open the driver’s door, you’ll hear a
chime reminding you to remove your
key from the ignition and takeit with
you. Always do this. Your steering
wheel will be locked, and so will your
ignition. If you have an automatic
transaxle, taking your key out also locks
your transaxle. Andremember to lock
the doors.
Parking at Night: Park in a lighted
spot, close all windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your
valuables out of sight. Put them in a
storage area, or take them with you.
Parking Lots: If you park in a lot where
someone will be watching your vehicle,
it’s best to lock it up and take your keys.
But what if you have to leave your
ignition key? What if you have to leave
something valuablein your vehicle?
Put your valuables in a storagearea,
like your trunk or glove box. Use the
remote trunk release lockout feature,if
so equipped. See Remote Trunk
Release earlier in this section.
Lock the glove box.
Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
Then take the door key with you.
53
Features & Controls
. . ,. .
. ... .
New Vehicle “Break-ln”
Convenience Net(OPTION)
Trunk Cargo Anchors(omoN)
Your vehicle may have a convenience
net. You’ll see it just inside the back
wall of the trunk. Put small loads, like
grocery bags, behind the net. It can help
keep them from falling over during
sharp turns or quick starts and stops.
Unclip a corner of the convenience net
to fit larger objects behind the net, then
reclip it to secure themin place.
The net isn’t for larger, heavier loads.
Store them in the trunk as far forwardas
you can.
You can unhook the net so that it will lie
flat when you’re not usingit.
If your vehicle has fold-down rear seats,
you’ll find two or four anchors on the
back wall of your trunk. You can use
these anchors to tie down lighter loads.
They prevent things from shifting during
sudden stops, turns and maneuvers.
These anchors are not for heavier loads.
Store those items as far forward inthe
trunk as possible.
Your modern Chevrolet doesn’t
need an elaborate “break-in.” But
it will perform better in the long
run if you follow these guidelines:
Don’t drive at any one speedfast or slow-for the first 500
miles (804 km 3on’t make full
throttle starts.
Avoid making hard stops for 1
first 200 miles (322 km) or so.
During this time yournew brake
linings aren’t yet brokenin. Harc
stops with new linings can mean
premature wear and earlier
replacement. Follow this
“breaking-in” guideline eveq
time you get new brake linings.
Ignition Switch
Key Release Button
With the ignitionkey in the ignition switch, Run: An “on” position to which the
you can turn the switch to five positions: switch returns after you start your
engine and release the switch. The
Accessory: An “on” position in which
switch stays in the Run position when
you can operate your electrical power
the
engine is running. But even when
accessories. Press in the ignition switch
the engine is not running, you can use
as you turn the top of it toward you.
Run to operate your electrical power
Lock: The only position in which you
accessories, and to display some instrucan remove the key. This locks your
ment panel warning lights.
steering wheel, ignition and transaxle.
Start: Starts the engine. When the
Off: Unlocks the steering wheel,
engine starts, release the key. The
ignition and transaxle, but does not send ignition switch will return toRun for
electrical power to any accessories. Use normal driving.
this position if your vehicle must be
pushed or towed, but never try to push- Note that evenif the engine is not
start your vehicle.A warning chime will running; the positions Accessory and
Run are “on” positions that allow you
sound if you open the driver’sdoor
to
operate your electrical accessories,
when the ignition is off and the key is in
such as the radio.
the ignition.
(MANUAL TRANSAXLE)
The ignition key cannot be removed
from the ignition unless the key release
button is used.
To Remove the Key:
Turn the key to the Off position. Press
the key release button while turningthe
key from Off to Lock. Keeping your
finger on the button, pull the key
straight out.
55
Features & Contr
Starting Your Engine
Key Release Button (CONT.)
-
On manual transaxle vehicles,
u d n g the key ta Lock will
lock the s h M g column and result
in a loss of ability to steer the
vehicle. This could cause a
collision, If you need to tum the
engine off while the vehicle is
moving, turn the key only to Off.
Don’t press the key release button
while the vehicle is mcwing.
56
If your key seems stuck in Lock
and you can’t turn it, be sure it is
all the way in. If it is, then turn tl
steering wheel left and right while
you turn the key hard. But turn the
key only with your hand. Using a
tool to force it could break the key
or the ignition switch. If none
thisworks, t 1 yc vehicleneeds
service.
Engines start differently. The 8th digit of
your Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN) shows the code letteror number
for your engine. You will find the VIN
at the top leftof your instrument panel.
(See the Index under &hick
Ident@cation Number.) Follow the
proper steps to start the engine.
Automatic Transaxle
Manual Transaxle
1. Move your shift lever to P (Park) or
N (Neutral). Your engine won’t start
in any other position-that’s a safety
feature. To restart when you’re
already moving, use N (Neutral)
only.
1. Shift your gear selector toN (Neutral) 2. Don’t push the accelerator pedal
and hold the clutch pedal to thefloor
before starting your engine. In some
other vehicles you might need to do
while starting the engine. Your
vehicle won’t start if the clutch pedal
this, but because of your vehicle’s
is not all the way down-that’s a
computer systems, you don’t.
safety feature.
3.Turn your ignition key to Start.
When the engine starts, letgo of the
key. The idle speed will go down as
your engine getswarm.
~‘::,
Don’t try to s l , ~to P (Park) if
I^
, 1
’,
your Chevrolet is moving. Ifyo
do, youcoulddamage
;
transaxle. Shift to P (Park) only
when your vehicle is stopped.
_x,,
,I
~wl
Both Transaxles
Holding your key in Start for
longer than 15 seconds at a til
will cause your battery to be
drained much sooner. And the
excessive heat can damage your
starter motor.
Features & Controls
60th Transaxles (CONI)
4. If your engine won’t start (or starts
but then stops), it could be flooded
with too much gasoline. Try pushing
your accelerator pedal allthe way to
the floor and holding it there as you
hold the key in Start for about three
seconds. If the vehicle starts briefly
but then stops again, do the same
thing, but this time keep the pedal
down for five or six seconds. This
clears the extra gasoline from
the
engine.
Your engine is designed to work
with the electronics in your
vehicle. If you add electrical parts
or accessories, you could change
the way the fuel injection system
operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your dealer.
If you don’t, your engine might not
perform properly.
If you ever have to have your
vehicle towed,see the part of this
manual that tells howto do it
without damaging your vehicle.
See the n
Idex under Towing Your
Chevrolet.
kiving Through Deep Standing
Vater
IA!
If you drive too quickly through
deep puddles or standing water,
water can come in through your
engine’s air intake and badly
damage your engine.If you can’t
avoid deep puddles or standing
Engine Block Heater (OPTION)
In very cold weather, 0°F (-18°C) or
colder, the engine block heater can help.
You’ll get easier starting and better fuel
economy during engine warm-up.
To Use the Block Heater:
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrapthe
electrical cord.
3.Plug it into a normal, grounded
110-volt outlet.
A
Plugging the cord into an
ungrounded outlet couldcause
an electrical shock. Also, the
wrong kind of extension cord
could overheatand cause a fire.
You could be seriously injured.
Plug the cord into a properly
grounded three-prong 110-volt
outlet. If the cord won’t reach, use
a heavy-duty three-prong extension
cord rated for at least 15 amps.
After you’ve used the bfock hea,,,
be sure to store the cord as it was
before, to keep it away from
moving engine parts. If you don’t,
it could be damaged.
How long should you keep the block
heater plugged in? The answer depends
on the weather, thekind of oil you have,
and some other things. Instead of trying
to list everything here, we ask that you
contact a Chevroletdealer in the area
where you’ll be parking your vehicle.
The dealer can give you the best advice
for that particular area.
59
I . .
Features & Controls
rn Shifting the
Park
P (Park): This locks your front wheels.
It’s the best position to use when
you
Your automatic transaxle hasa shift lever start your engine because your vehicle
located on the console between the seats. can’t move easily.
There are several different positions for
your shift lever. In thismanual, these
are referred to by the commonly used
symbols in the right column below:
Park
P
Reverse
N
Neutral
Drive
2
Second
First
1
Automatic Transaxle
I
It is dangerous to getout of
your vehicleif the shift lever
is noi fully inP (Park) with the
parking brake firmlyset. Your
vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle whenthe
engine is running unless you have
to. If you have left the engine
running, the vehicle canmove
suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle
won’t move, when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your
parking brake andmove the shift
lever to P (Park). See the Index
under Shifting into P (Park). If you
are parking on a hill, also see the
Index under Parking on Hills.
U
Ensure the shift lever is fully in P (Park)
range before starting the engine. Your
Chevrolet has a brake-transaxle shift
interlock. You have to fully apply your
regular brakes before you can shift fiom
P (Park) when the ignition key is in the
Run position. If you cannot shift outof
P (Park), ease pressure on the shift
lever-push the shift lever all the way
into P (Park) and also release the shift
lever button as you maintain brake
application. Then move the shift lever
into the gear you wish. See the Index
under Shifting Out of P (Park),
Reverse
Neutmi
R (Reverse): Use this gear to back up.
N (Neutral): In this position, your
engine doesn’t connect with the wheels.
To restart when you’re already moving,
use N (Neutral) only. Also, use N when
your vehicle is being towed.
Shifting to R (Reverse) while your
vehicle is moving forward could
damage your transaxle. Shiftto R
only after your vehicle has
Stopped-
To rock your vehicle back andforth to
get out of snow, ice or sand without
damaging your transaxle, see theIndex
under If You ’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow.
61
Features & Controls
Neutral (CONT:)
Forward Gears
Shifting outof P (Park) or N
(Neutral) while your engine is
--racing” (running at high speed) is
dangerous. Unless your footis
firmly on the brake pedal, your
vehicle could move very rapidly.
You could lose control and hit
people or objects. Don’t shift out
of P (Park) or N (Neutral) while
your engine is racing.
62
D (Drive): This position is for normal
Damage to your transaxle caused
driving.
by shifting out of P (Park) or $i;$
JJ
2 (Second
Gear): This position gives
N (Neutral) with the engine racing
you more power but lower fuel
isn’t covered by your warranty.
economy. You can use 2 on hills. It can
help control your speedas you go down
steep mountain roads, but then you
would also want to use your brakes off
and on.
Don’t drive in 2 (Second Gear) fo
more than 5 miles (8 km), or at
speeds over 55 mph (88 km/h), or
you can damage your transaxle.U!
D as much as possible.
Don’t shift into 2 unless you are going
slower than 65 mph (105 km/h),
you can damage your engine.
r
1 (First Gear): This position gives you
even more power
(but
lower
fuel
economy) than 2. You can use it crh very
steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If
the selector lever is put in 1, the
transaxle won’t shift into first gear until
the vehicle is going slowly enough.
I
II
If your front wheels can’t rotate,
don’t try to drive. This might
happen if you were stuck in very
deep sand or mud or were up
against a solid object.
aula
damage your transal-’
Also, if you stop when going
uphill, don’t hold your vehicle
there with only the accelerator
pedal. This cduld overheat and
damage the transaxle. Use your
brakes or shift into P (Park) to
hold lr vehicle in position on a
hill.
3.lL V6 Engine:
Maximum engine speed is limited to
protect driveline components from
improper operation.
Features & Controls
1
3
5
2
4
R
Hi
1 Shifting
the 5-Speed
Manual Transude
There are seven different positions:
N Neutral
1 First
Gear
2 Second
Gear
3 Third
Gear
4 Fourth
Gear
5 Fifth
Gear
R Reverse
This is your shift pattern. Here’s how to 3,4 and 5 (Third, Fourth and Fifth
Gears): Shift into 3,4 and 5 the sameway
operate your transaxle:
you
do for 2. Slowly let upon the clutch
1 (First Gear): Press the clutch pedal
pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.
and shift into 1. Then, slowly let up on
To Stop: Let up on the accelerator pedal
the clutch pedalas you press the
and pressthe brake pedal. Just before
accelerator pedal.
the vehicle stops, pressthe clutch pedal
You can shift into 1 when you’re going
and the brake pedal, and shift to
less than20 mph (32 km/h). If you’ve
come to a complete stop and it’s hard toN (Neutral).
N (Neutral): Use this position when
shift into 1, put the shift lever in
you start or idle your engine.
N (Neutral) andlet up on the clutch.
Press the clutch pedal backdown. Then R (Reverse): To back up, press down
shift into 1.
the clutch pedal and shift into
2 (Second Gear): Press the clutch pedal R (Reverse). Let upon the clutch pedal
slowly while pressingthe accelerator
as you let up on the accelerator pedal
and shift into2. Then, slowly let up on pedal.
the clutch pedalas you press the
accelerator pedal.
r
Shift to R (Reverse) only afte
vehicle is stopped. Shifting to
R (Reverse) while your vehicle is
moving could damage your transaxle.
Also, use R (Reverse), along with the
parking brake, for parking your vehicle.
Shift Light (MANUAL TRANSAXLE)
Shifi Speeds (MANUAL TRANSAXLE)
If you have a manual transaxle, you have
a SHIFT light. This light will showyou
when to shiftto the next higher gear for
best fuel economy.
When this light comes on, you can shift
to the next higher gear if weather, road
and traffic conditions let you.
For the best fuel economy, accelerate
slowly and shift when the light comes
on.
While you accelerate, it is normal for
the light to go on and off if you quickly
change the position of the accelerator.
Ignore the SHIFT light when you
downshift.
This chart shows when to shiftto the
next higher gear for best fuel economy.
Acceleration Shift Speeds:
1stto2nd
17 mph(27 km/h)
2ndto3rd
30 mph (48 km/h)
3rdto4th
39 mph (63 h / h )
4th to 5th
45 mph(72 h / h )
If your speed drops below 20 mph
(32 h / h ) , or if the engine is not
running smoothly, you should downshift
to the next lower gear. You may have to
downshift two or more gears to keep the
engine running smoothly or for good
performance.
65
Features & Controls
Parking Brake
ShiiT Speeds(COPIT.)
when you downshift, or if you
the engine whenyou downshift,
you can damage the clutch or
transaxle.
If you skip more than one
4 1 gear when you downshift, you
could lose controlof your vehicle.
And you could injure yourselfor
others. Don’t shift from5 to 2, or
4 to 1.
b
66
I
I
i
The parking brake leveris located
between the bucket seats.
To Set the Parking Brake:
Hold the brake pedal down and pull up
on the parking brake lever.
If the ignition is on, the brake system
warning light will come on.
Shifting Into P (Park)
To Release the Parking Brake:
If You are ona Hill:
See the Index under Parking on Hills.
That section showshow to turn your
front wheels.
Hold the brake pedal down. Pull the
parking brake lever upuntil you can
press the release button. Hold the
release button in as you move the brake
lever all the way down.
Driving with the parkingbrakeon
can cause your rear brakes to
overheat. You may have to replam
them, and you could also dama
other parts of your vehicle.
I
J
(AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE)
A
It is dangerous to get out of
your vehicle if the shift lever
is not fully in P (Park) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your
vehicle can roll.
If you have left the engine running,
the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To
be sure your vehicle won’t move,
when you’re on fairly level ground,
use the steps that follow.If you are
parking on a hill, also see the
Index under Parking on Hills.
67
Features & Controls
A
Shifting Into P (Park) (CONTI
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your 2. Move the shift lever into theP (Park)
position like this: Hold in the button
right foot and set the parking brake.
on the lever, and push the lever all
the way toward the front of your
vehicle.
3.Move the ignition key to Lock.
4. Remove the key and take it with you.
If you can walk away from your
vehicle with the ignitionkey in your
hand, your vehicle is inP (Park).
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running
(AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE)
It is dangerous to leave your
I L vehicle with the engine
running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not
fully in P (Park)with the parking
brake firmly set. And, if you leave
the vehicle with the engine
running, it could overheat and even
catch fire. You or others could be
injured. Don't leave your vehicle
with the engine running unless you
have to.
I
Shifting Out of P (Park)
(AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE)
If you have to leave your vehicle with
the engine running, be sure your vehicle Your Chevrolet hasa brake-transaxle
is in P (Park) and your parking brake is shift interlock. You have to fully apply
your regular brakesbefore you can shift
firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into the
from P (Park) when the ignition isin the
P (Park) position, hold the regular brake Run position. See the Index under
pedal down. Then, see if you can move Automatic Transu.de. If you cannot shift
the shift lever away fromP (Park)
out of P (Park), ease pressure on the
without first pushing the button.
shift lever-push the shift lever all the
way
into P (Park) and also release the
If you can, it means that theshift lever
shift lever button on floor shift console
wasn’t fully locked into P (Park).
models as you maintain brake
application. Then move the shift lever
into the gear you wish. (Press the shift
lever button before moving the shift
lever on floor shift console models.)
If you ever hold the brake pedal down
but still can’t shift out of P (Park), try
this:
1. Turn the key to Off.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the
end of Step 4.
3. Shift toN (Neutral).
4. Start the vehicle and then shift to the
drive gear you want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you
can.
69
Features & Controls
Engine Exhausf
I*
Engine exhaust cankill. It
contains the gas carbon
monoxide (CO), which you can’t
see or smell. It can cause
unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust comingifin
Your exhaust system sounds
strange or different.
Your vehicle gets rusty
underneath.
Your vehicle was damagedin a
collision.
Your vehicle was damaged when
driving over high points onthe
road or over road debris.
Repairs weren’t done correctly.
Your vehicle or exhaust system
had been modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaustis
coming into your vehicle:
Drive it only with all the
windows down to blow out any
CO; and
Have it fixed immediately.
-
brking Over Things ThatBurn
Parking Your Vehicle
(MANUAL TRANSAXLE)
Before you get out of your vehicle, put
your manual transaxle in R (Reverse)
and firmly applythe parking brake.
If you are parking on a hill, see the
Index under Parking on Hills.
10
I
CAUTION
A
I
Things thatcan bum could
touch hot exhaust parts under‘
your vehicle and ignite.Don’t park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or
other things thatcan burn.
B
=
Running Your Engine While You’re Parked(AuToMATIc TRANSAXLE)
It’s better not topark with the engine running. But if you ever have to, here are
some thingsto know.
I
I
Idling the engine with the air system control OFF could allow dangerous
exhaust into your vehicle(see the earlier CAUTION under Engine
Exhaust).
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadlycarbon monoxide (CO) into
your vehicle even if the fan switch is atthe highest setting. One place this can
happen is a garage. Exhaust-with CO-can
come in easily. NEVER park in
a garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard. (See the Index under Blizzard.)
It can be dangerous to get outof your vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in
P (Park) with the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll. Don’t leave
your vehicle whenthe engine is running unless you have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly level
ground, always set yourparking brake and move the shift leverto P (Park).
If you are parking on a hill, also see the Index under Parking on Hills.
1
Windows
3n a vehicle with manual windows, use
:he window crank to open andclose
:ach window.
71
...
Features & Controls
1
.
i
I Power Windows (opTIoN)
With power windows, switcheson the
center console control eachof the
windows when the ignition is on. In
addition, in 4-dOOr models, each rear
passenger door has a control switch for
its own window.
The driver’s window switchhas an Auto
Down feature. The driver’s window can
be opened a small amountby pushing
the switch marked AUTO to the first
detent. When the switch is fully
pressed, the window will go down all
the way.
To stop the window while it is lowering,
press the switch forward, then release.
To raise the window, press and hold the
switch forward.
:..
72
..............
: .......
,~
,.
:
i
Power WindowLock-Out Switch
Horn
(OPTION)
You can sound the horn by pressing the
horn pad on your steering wheel.
On 4-dOOr models, this switch disables
the rear passenger power windows.
Push the switch forward to lock the
windows. Push the switch back to
unlock the windows.
Tilt Steering Wheel(OPTION)
L
rim SignuUHeadlight
Beam Lever
A tilt steering wheel allowsyou to
adjust the steering wheel beforeyou
drive. You can also raise it to the highest The lever on the left sideof the steering
level to give your legsmore room when column includes your:
Turn Signal and Lane Change
you exit and enter the vehicle.
Indicator
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering
Headlight High-Low Beam Changer
wheel and pull the lever. Move the
steering wheel toa comfortable level,
Parking Lights
then releasethe lever to lock the wheel
Cruise Control (Option)
in place.
Flash-to-Pass Feature (except in
Canada)
Turn Signal and Lane Change
Indicator
The turn signal has two upward (for
Right) and two downward (for Left)
positions. These positions allowyou to
signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the
way up or down. When theturn is
finished, the lever will return
automatically.
A green arrow on the instrument panel
will flash in the directionof the turn or
lane change.
73
Features & Controls
Turn Signal and Lane Change
Indicator (CONI)
rn Cruise Control (OPTION)
With cruise control, you can maintain a
speed of about 25 mph (40 h / h ) or
To signal a lane change,just raise or
more without keeping your foot on
the
lower the lever until the green arrow
accelerator.
This
can
really
help
on
long
starts to flash. Hold it there until you
trips. Cruise control does not workat
complete your lane change.The lever
will return by itself when you release it. speeds below about 25 mph (40 km/h).
As you signal a turnor a lane change, if When you apply your brakes, or the
the arrows don’t flash but just stay on, a clutch pedal, the cruise control shuts
signal bulb may be burned out and other off.
drivers won’t see your turn signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help
avoid an accident. If the green arrows
don’t go on at all when you signal a
turn, check the fuse (seethe Index under
Fuses & Circuit Breakers) and for
burned-out bulbs.
74
Cruise control can be
dangerous whereyoucan’t
drive safely at a steady speed.
So, don’t use yourcruise control
on winding roadsor-in heavy
traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous
on slippery roads. On such
roads, hst changes intire
traction can cause needless wheel
spinning, and you could lose
control. Don’t use cruise control
on slippery roads.
l
To Resume a Set Speed
To Set Cruise Control
3. Push in the SET button at the end of
1. Move the cruise control switch to
ON.
I
I
I
If you leave yourcruise
control
switch ON when
you're not using cruise, you might
hit a button and go into cruise
when you don't .want to. You could
be startled and even lose control.
Keep the cruise control switch
W F ' until you want to use it.
the lever and releaseit.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator
pedal.
I
I
Suppose you set your cruise control at a
desired speed and thenyou apply the
brake or clutch pedal. This, of course,
shuts off the cruise control. But you
don't need to reset it. Once you're going
about 25 mph (40 h / h ) or more, you
can move the cruise control switch from
ON to R/A (which stands for Resume/
Accelerate) for about halfa second.
You'll go right back up to your chosen
speed and stay there.
I
2. Get up to the speed you want.
75
I . .
Features & Controls
‘0 Resume a Set Speed(CONT.)
A
I
If you hold the switch at RIA
longer than half asecond, the
vehicle will keep going faster until
you release the switch or apply the
brake or clutch pedal. You could
be startled and evenlose control.
So unless you want to go faster,
don’t hold the switch at RIA.
To Increase Speed While Using
Cruise Control
Here’s the second way to go to a higher
speed:
There are two ways to go to a higher
speed. Here’s the first:
Move the cruise switch from ON to
R/A. Hold it there until you get up to
1. Use the accelerator pedal to get to the
the
speed you want, and then release
higher speed.
the switch.
2. Push the button at the end of the
To increase your speedin very small
lever, then release the button and the
amounts, move the switch to RIA for
accelerator pedal. You’ll now cruise
less than half a second and then
at the higher speed.
release it. Each time you do this, your
vehicle will go about 1 mph
(1.6 km/h) faster.
To Reduce Speed While Using
Cruise Control
There are two ways to reduce your
speed while using cruise control:
Push in the button at the end of the
lever until you reach the lower speed
you want, then release it.
To slow down in very small amounts,
push the button for less than half a
second. Each time you do this, you’ll
go 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While
Using Cruise Control
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise control will work
on
hills depends upon your speed, load,
Use the accelerator pedal to increase
your speed. When you take your foot off and the steepness of the hills. When
the pedal, your vehicle will slow down going up steep hills, you may have to
step on the accelerator pedal to maintain
to the cruise control speed you set
your
speed. When going downhill, you
earlier.
may have to brake or shift to a lower
gear to keep your speeddown. Of
course, applying the brake or clutch
pedal takes you out of cruise control.
Many drivers find this to be too much
trouble and don’t use cruise control on
steep hills.
77
Features & Controls
To Get Outof Cruise Control
To Erase Cruise Speed Memory Headlights
There are several ways toturn off the
cruise control:
Step lightly on the brake pedal, or
push the clutch pedal, if you have a
manual transaxle; OR
Move the cruise switch to OFF.
When you turn off the cruise control or
the ignition, your cruise control set
speed memory is erased.
Turnthebandmarked
to turn on:
Parking Lights
Side Marker Lights
Taillights
License Plate Lights
Turn the band marked
to turn off the lights.
-:g-to
pf
-'o- OFF
to
' I '
Turn the band marked
-'o'I '
to E
-D
to turn on:
Headlights
Parking Lights
Side Marker Lights
Taillights
License Plate Lights
Turn the band marked
to OFF
to turn off the lights.
'' '
-'e-
Operation of lights
Although your vehicle's lighting system
(headlights, parking lights, fog lamps,
side marker lights and taillights) meets
all applicable federal lighting
requirements, certain states and
provinces may apply their own lighting
regulations that may require special
attention before you operate these
lamps. For example, some jurisdictions
may require that you operate your lower
beam lights withfog lamps at all times,
or that headlights beturned on
whenever you must use your windshield
wipers. In addition, mostjurisdictions
prohibit driving solely with parking
lights, especially at dawnor dusk. It is
recommended thatyou check with your
own stateor provincial highway
authority for applicable righting
regulations.
79
...
Features & Controls
Daytime Running Lights (DRL)
hdicator Light(CANADA ONLY)
Daflime Running Lights
If your vehicle was firstsold, when new,
in Canada, you will have this light on
the instrument panel. It goes on
whenever the Daytime Running Lights
are on.
The Canadian federal government has
decided that Daytime Running Lights
(DRL) are a useful feature, in that DRL
can make your vehicle more visible to
pedestrians and other drivers during
daylight hours. DRL are required on
new vehicles sold in Canada.
The high beam headlights will come on
at reduced brightness in daylight when:
The ignition is on
The headlight switch is off, and
The parking brake is released.
80
(CANADA ONLY)
When you turn on your headlights, the
DRL will switch off and the exterior
lights will comeon. When you turn off
the headlights, the exterior lights will go
out and the high beams will change to
the reduced brightness of DRL again.
The DRL indicator light on the instrume
panel will go on whenever the DRL are
on. This light means that onlythe DRL
are on. When you turn on your exterior
lights, this light willgo out. Of course,
you may still turn on the headlights any
time you need to.
To idle your vehicle with the DRLoff,
set the parking brake.The DRL will stay
off until you release the parking brake.
I
?;.
I
.q
Headlight High-Low Beam
Changer
I
Flash-to-Pass (EXCEPT CANADA)
Flash-to-Pass lets you use your high
To change the headlights from low beam beam headlights to signal a driver in
front of you that you want to pass.
to high or high to low, pull the turn
signal lever allthe way toward you.
To use it, pull the turn signal lever
Then release it. When the high beams
toward you.
are on, a blue lighton the instrument
If Your Headlights are Off:
panel also will be on.
Your high beam headlights will turnon.
They'll stay on as long as you hold the
lever there. Release the lever to turn
them off.
If Your Headlights are On:
Flash-to-Pass does not operate when
your headlights are on. Use the lever to
change between high and low beams.
Instrument Panel Intensity
Control
You can brighten or dim the instrument
panel lights by moving the control. lever
up or down.
81
Features & Controls
Dome Light
Reading Light(OPTION)
Rear Compartment Light(WAGON)
To turn on thedome light, move the
lever all theway up.
In the DOOR position the illuminated
entry/exit system is activated.To turn
off all interior lights,move the lever to
OFF.
To Replace theBulb:
Grasp the center front and center rear
portion of the housing and squeeze
firmly but gently. The housing should
pop off.
If this doesn’t work, you may need to
use a small, flat-head screwdriver under
the sideof the housing to help pryit off.
This light comes on when
you open
either front dooror move the dome lighl
lever to D O M E . You can turn on either
reading light by pressing the depression
in either light’s lens.
To Replace the Bulb:
Use a small, flat-head screwdriver
under the sideof the housing to help pr]
it off.
To turn on the rear compartmentlight,
press the button locatedon the light.
To Replace the Bulb:
Grasp the center front and center rear
portion of the housing and squeeze
firmly but gently. The housing should
pop off.
If this doesn’t work, youmay need to
use a small, flat-head screwdriver under
the side of the housing to help pry itoff.
... B2
L
Windshield
1
CIUU I I W I V
I
You control the windshield wipers by
moving the stalk with thewipersymbol
1 , Damaged wiper blades may
5 prevent you from seeing well
on it up or down.
enough to drive safely. To avoid
For a Single Wiper Cycle:
damage, be sure to clear ice and
Push the stalk down to MIST until the
snow from the wiper blades before
wipers start, then let go. The wipers will
using them. If they're frozen tothe
stop after one cycle. For more cycles,
windshield, carefully loosen or
hold the stalk down on MIST longer.
thaw them. If your blades do
For Steady Wiper Cycles:
become damaged, get new blades
or blade inserts.
Move the stalk up to either I (Low) or
I1 (High), depending on the wiper speed
you want.
Heavy snow or ice can overload your
wipers. A circuit breaker will stop then
To Turn Wipers Off
until
the motor cools. Clear away snow
Move the stalk to OFFor ice to prevent an overload.
Intermittent Windshield Wipers
(OPTION)
If your vehicle has intermittent
windshield wipers, you can set the
wiper speed for a long or short delay
between wipes. This can be very useful
in light rain or snow.
Move the stalk toDEL, then rotate the
band marked DELAY to choose the
delay you want. Rotate the band up for
shorter delay times between wiper
cycles. Rotate the band down for longer
delay times between wiper cycles.
For a single wiper cycle, push the stalk
to MIST, then let go.
83
m m .
Features & Controls
Windshield Washer
Standard Wipers:
To spray washer fluid on the windshield,
pull the stalk withthe wiper symbol on
it toward you one time. When you
release the stalk the washers will stop,
but the wipers will keep going in low
until you move the wiper control to
OFF.
Intermittent Windshield Wipers:
If you have intermittent windshield
wipers, after each wash cycleends the
wipers will resume the delay speed you
were using before.If you had no speed
selected, the wipers will stop.
A
I
Driving without washer fluid
can be dangerous. A bad
mud splash can block your
vision. You could hit another
vehicle or go off the road. Check
your washer fluid level often.
In freezing weather, don’t use
your washer until the windshield
is warmed. Otherwise the
washer fluid can form ice on the
windshield, blocking your
vision.
When using concentrated washer
fluid, follow the manufacture]
instructions for adding wa
Don’t mix water with readvuse washer fluid. Water c;
cause the solution to freeze E
damage your washer fluidtank
and other parts of the washer
system. Also, water doesn’t cle:
as well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank
omy
hll when it’s verycold, This allows
for expansion, which could damage
the tank if it is completely full.
Don’t use radiator antifreeze in
your windshield washer. It can
damage your washersystt
paint.
Inside Manual DayINight
Rearview Mirror
To reduce glare from lights behind you,
move the lever toward you to the night
position.
Convex OutsjdeMirror (OPTION)
Your right side mirror is convex. A
convex mirror’s surface is curved so you
can see more from the driver’s seat.
I
Adjust this mirror by hand so that you just
see the side of your vehiclewhen you are
sitting in a comfortable driving position.
If you aren’t used to a convex
CAUTioN
mirror, you can hit another
vehicle. A convex mirror can make
things (like other vehicles) look
farther away than they really are. If
you cut too sharply into the right
lane, you could hit a vehicle on
your right. Check your inside
mirror or glance over your
shoulder before changing lanes.
I
85
Features & Controls
il
Remote Contra/ Mirror
Sun Visors
The driver side outside mirror should be To block out glare, you can swing down
adjusted with the control lever on thethevisors.
door so that you just see the side of your
vehicle when you are sitting in a
comfortable drivingposition.
Visor Vanity Mirrors(opTIoN)
Pull down the sun visor and open the
cover to expose the vanity mirror.
I
3
Cup Holder
Ashtrays and Lighter
Rear Ashtray
To use the cup holder, slide it out from
the dash. Use the right side for larger
containers.
To open the center console ashtray, lift
the lid.
To clean the ashtray, pull up on the
LIFT tab along the left edge.
To use the lighter, just push it in all the
way and let go. When it's ready, it will
pop back out by itself.
To clean the rear console-mounted
ashtray, open it, push down on the
snuffer and pull it out.
~
Don't hold a cigarette lighter in
with your hand while it is heating.
If you do, it won't be able to back
away from the heating element
when it's ready. That can make it
overheat, damaging the lighter and
the heating element.
Don't put papers and other things
that bum into your ashtrays. Ifyou
do, cigarettes or other smoking
materials could set them on fire,
causing damage.
87
...
I,
Sunroof (omoN)
The sunroof includes aglass panel that
opens for ventilation andis completely
removable, and anair deflector that
assures a smooth flowof air.
To Open the Sunroof:
Pull down on the latch release handle
and then push it forward untilthe glass
panel locks into place.
To Remove the SunroofGlass Panel:
1. With the sunroof open, press up on
the glass release tab, located inside
the latch release handle.
2. Lift the panel up and out. The air
deflector will automatically pop up.
.
.. .. . ..
3.Store the glass panel in the special
storage bag in the trunk.
CAllTlbN
4. If you have the optional fold-down
rear seat, you can secure the storage
bag containing the glass panel to the
trunk anchors using the straps
provided.
I
Don't try to remove the
m sunroofpanel while the
whicle is moving. Trying to
remove the sunroof panelwhile the
vehicle is moving could cause an
. accident. The panel could a
1into
the vehicle and cause you to lose
control, or it could fly off and
strike another vehicle. You or
others could be injured. Remove
the sunroof panel only when the
vehicle is parked.
I
To Install the Sunroof Glass Panel:
1. Center the glass panel upright on the
weatherstrip. Then line up the hinges
on the panel with the slots inthe roof
opening.
89
Features & Controls
030
Sunroof (CONT.)
2. Push forward onthe rear edge of the
glass while lowering the panel. Do
not force a hinge if it binds in aslot.
Reposition the glass panel and start
again. Finally, push the glass release
tab, engage the latch with the striker
and close the panel.
90
LAU I IUN
An improperly installed
sunroof panel may fall into or
fly off the vehicle. You or others
could be injured. After installing
the sunroof panel, alwqs check
that it is firmly attached by pushing
up on the underside of the panel.
A
I
I
I
If the sunroof panel is not
stored properly, it could be
thrown about the vehicle in a crash
or sudden maneuver. People in the
vehicle could be injured. Whenever
you store the sunroof panel inthe
vehicle, always besure that it is
stored securely in the special
storage bag in the trunk.
CJ2081
I
Roof Luggage Carrier
(WAGON, OPTION)
If you have the optional luggagecarrier,
you can load things on topof your
vehicle.
The luggage carrier has slats attached to
the roof, side rails, and tiedowns.
Don't exceed the maximum vehicle
capacity when loading your Chevrolet.
For more information on vehicle
capacity and loading, see theIndex
under Loading Your Ehicle.
To prevent damage or loss of cargo as
you're driving, check now and then to
make sure the luggage carrier and cargo
are still securely fastened.
91
Features & Controls
P
a2104
The lnstrument PanelYour information System
Your instrument panel is designed to let
you know at a glance how your vehicle
is running. You’ll know how fast you’re
going, how much fuel you’re using, and
many other things you’ll need to drive
safely and economically.
The main componentsof your
instrument panel are:
1. Side Vents
2. Instrument Panel Intensity Control
3. Turn SignaVHeadlight Beam Lever
4. Hazard Warning Flashers Switch
5. Instrument Cluster
6. Ignition Switch
7. Windshield Wiper/Washer Controls
8. Interior Light Control
9. Audio System
10. Center Vents
11. Cup Holder
12. Side Vents
13.Glove Box
14. Climate Controls and Rear Window
Defogger
15. Parking Brake Lever
16. Ashtray/Lighter
17. Gearshift Lever
18. Horn
19. Tilt Steering Wheel Lever
20. Fuse Panel
21 Hood Release Lever
.
93
I . .
Features & Controls
STANDARD CLUSTER
Instrument Panel Clusters
Your Chevrolet is equipped withone of
these instrument panelclusters, which
include indicator warning lights and
gages that are explained on the
following pages. Besure to read about
those that apply tothe instrument panel
cluster for your vehicle.
= . 94*
Speedometer and Odometer
Tamper ResistantOdometer
Your speedometer lets you see your
speed in both milesper hour (mph) and
kilometers per hour (km/h). Your
odometer shows how far your vehicle
has been driven, in either miles (used in
the U.S.) or kilometers (used in
Canada).
Your Chevrolet has a tamper resistant
odometer. Ifyou see silver lines
between the numbers, you’llknow that
someone has probablytried to turn it
back, so the numbers may not be true.
You may wonder what happens if your
vehicle needs anew odometer installed.
OPTIONAL CLUSTER
52143
If the new one can be set to the mileage
total of the old odometer, then it must
be. But if it can’t, then it’s set at zero
and a label must be put on the driver’s
door to show the old mileage reading
when the new odometer was installed,
Trip Odometer (omoN)
Tachometer (oPnoN)
The trip odometer can tell you how far
your vehicle has been driven sinceyou
last set thetrip odometer to zero.
To set the trip odometer to zero, press
the knob to the right of it.
The tachometer displays the engine
speed in revolutions per minute (rpm).
I NOTICE
Do not operate the engine with the
tachometer in the red area, or
engine damagemay occur.
95
Features & Controls
Warning Lights,
Gages and Indicators
may be
This section describesthe warning lights Gages can indicate when there
or is a problem with oneof your
and gages thatmay be on your vehicle.
The pictures will help you locate them. vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together tolet you
Warning lights and gages can signal that know
when there’s a problem with your
something is wrong before it becomes
vehicle.
serious enoughto cause an expensive
When one of the warning lights comes
repair or replacement. Paying attention
to your warning lights and gages could on and stays on when youare driving,
or when oneof the gages shows there
also save you or others from injury.
may be a problem, check the section
Warning lights go on when there may be
that
tells you what to do about it. Please
or is a problem with one of your
follow the manual’s advice. Waiting to
vehicle’s functions. As you will see in
do repairs can be costly-and even
the details on the nextfew pages, some dangerous. So please get to know your
warning lights come on briefly when
warning lights and gages. They’rea big
you turn the ignitionkey just to let you
help.
know they’re working. If you are
familiar with this section, you should
not be alarmed when this happens.
Fuel Gage
When the ignition ison, your fuel gage
tells you about how much fuel you have
E (Empty),
left. When the indicator nears
you still have a little fuel left, butyou
should get more soon.
Here are four things that some owners
ask about. Noneof these show a
problem with your fuel gage:
At the gas station, the gas pump shuts
off before the gage readsF (Full).
It takes a little more or less fuel tofdl
up than the gage indicated. For
example, the gagemay have indicated
the tank was half full, but it actually
took a little more or less than half the
tank‘s capacity to fill the tank.
Engine Coolant Temperature
The gage moves a little when you turn
a comer or speed up.
The gage doesn’tgo back to E when
you turn off the ignition.
For your fuel tank capacity, see Service
Station Informationon the last pageof
this manual.
Gage
With the ignition in theRun position,
this gage shows the engine coolant
temperature.
If the gage pointermoves into the red
area, your engine is too hot! It means
that your engine coolant has overheated.
If you have been operating your vehicle
under normal driving conditions,you
should pull off the road, stop your
vehicle and turn off the engine as soon
as possible.
HOT COOLANT CAN BURN YOU
Law Coolant Warning Light
(3.7L V6 ENGiNE)
If this light comes on andstays on, your
system is low on coolant and the engine
may overheat. See theIndex under
Coolant and have your vehicle serviced
as soon as you can.
BADLY!
In Problems on the Road, this manual
shows what to do. See theIndex under
Engine Overheating.
97
Features & Controls
Oil Warning Light(3.7~v6 ENGINE)
If you have a problem with youroil, this The oil light could also come on in three
other situations:
light may stay on after you start your
engine, or come on when you are
When the ignition is on but the engine
driving. This indicates that oil is not
is not running, the light will come on
going through yourengine quickly
as a test to show you it is working, but
enough to keepit lubricated. The engine
the light will go out when you turn the
could be low on oil, or could have some
ignition to Start. If it doesn’t come on
other oil problem. Have it fixed right
with the ignition on, you may have a
away.
problem with the fuse or bulb. Have it
fixed right away.
Sometimes when the engine is idling
at a stop, the light may blink on and
off. This is normal.
If you make a hard stop, the light may
come on for a moment. This is
normal.
98
Don’t keep drivingif the oil
b pressure is low. If you do,
your engine can become so hot that
It catches fire. You or others could
be burned. Check your oilas soon
as possible and have your vehicle
serviced.
Damage to your enginefrom
neglected oil problems can be
costly and is not covered by YOL
warranty.
Oil Pressure Gage (opTIoN)
The oil pressure gage shows the engine
oil pressure in psi (pounds per square
inch) when the engine is running.
Canadian vehicles indicate pressure in
kpa. Oil pressure may vary with engine
speed, outside temperature, and oil
viscosity, but readings above the red
warning zone indicatethe normal
operating range.
A reading in the red zone may be caused
by a dangerously low oil level or other
problem causing low oil pressure.Have
your vehicle serviced immediately.
3
I
Don’t keep drivingif the oil
pressure is low. If you do,
your engine can becomeso hot that
it catches fire. You or others could
be burned. Check your oilas soon
as possible and have your vehicle
serviced.
N u t IG-E
L
I
Damage to your engine from
neglected oil problems can be
costly and is not covered by your
warrant
99
Features & Controls
Charging System Light
Brake Sysfem Warning Light
The charging system light willcome on Your Chevrolet’s hydraulic brake system
is divided into two parts. If one part
briefly when you turn on the ignition
isn’t working, the other part can still
and the engine is not running, as a
check to show you it is working. Then it work and stop you. For good braking,
though, you need both parts working
should go out. If it stays on, or comes
well. If the warning light goes on, there
on while you are driving, you may have
could be a brake problem. Have your
a problem withthe electrical charging
system. It could indicate thatyou have a brake system inspected right away.
loose generator drive belt, or another
This light should come on as you start
electrical problem. Have it checked
the vehicle. If it doesn’t come on then,
right away. Driving while this light is on have it fixed so it will be ready to warn
could drain your battery.
you if there’s a problem.
If you must drive a short distance with
This light will also comeon when you
the light on, be certain to turn off all
set your parking brake, and will stayon
your accessories, such as the radio and if your parking brake doesn’t release
air conditioner.
fully. If it stays on after your parking
brake is fully released, it means you
may have a brake problem.
If the light comes on while driving, pull
off the road and stop carefully.You may
notice that the pedal is harder to push. I
Or, the pedal may go closer to the floor. 1
It may take longer to stop.If the light is
still on, have the vehicle towed for
service. (See the Index under Towing
Your Chevrolet.)
L-AU I IVN
/1\ Your brake system may not be
L working properlyif the brake
warning light is on. Driving with
the brake warning light on can lead
to an accident.If the light is still
on after you’ve pulled off the road
and stopped carefully, have the
vehicle towed for service.
I
I
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning
Light
Shift light (MANUAL TRANSAXLE)
Unless the regular brake system warning This light comes on whenyou need to
light
is also on, you will still have brakes,shift to the next higher gear. Seethe
With anti-lock, this light will go on
Index under Manual Transale.
when you start your engine and it will but not anti-lock brakes.If the regular
also
on,
brake
system
warning
light
is
stay on for three seconds. If the light
doesn’t come on, have it fixed so it will see Brake System Warning Light earlier
in this part.
be ready to warnyou if there is a
problem.
If the anti-lock brake system warning
light ever flashes, your anti-lock brake
If the light stays on or comes on when
system is still working but needs service
you’re driving, stop as soon as possible
and turn the key off. Then start the engine as soon as possible.
to reset the system. If the light still stays
on, or if it comes on again while you’re
driving, your Chevroletneeds service.
IO1
Features & Controls
Malfunction IndicatorLamp
(Check Engine Lighf)
A computer monitorsoperation of your
fuel, ignition and emission control
systems. This light should come on
when the ignition is on, but the engine
is not running, as a check to show you it
is working. If it does not come on at all,
have it fixed right away. If it stays on, or
it comes on while you are driving, the
computer is indicating thatyou have a
problem. You should take your vehicle
in for service soon.
. . I I
I02
Liftgate Ajar Light(WAGON)
If you keep driving your vehicle
with this light on, after a while the
emission controls won’t work as
well, your fuel economywon’t be
as good and your enginemay not
run as smoothly. This could lead to
costly repairs notrwered by your
warranty.
This light will come on if the liftgate is
not fully closed. Have your vehicle
serviced if this light comes on andstays
on after the liftgateis closed.
Check Gageslight
This light will come on briefly when
you are starting the engine. If the light
comes on and stays on while you are
driving, check your various gagesto see
if they are in the warning zones.
This light will also come on when the
fuel level is low, 1 to 3 gallons (3.8 to
11.4 liters).
103
Notes
Part
3
Comfort Controls &
Audio Systems
I n this part you’ll find out how to
operate the comfort control systems
and audio systems offeredwith your
Chevrolet. Be sureto read aboutthe
particular system supplied with your
vehicle.
Climate Control System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Air Conditioning System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Rear Window Defogger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .109
Setting the Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
AM/FM Stereo Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
AM/FM Stereo Radio with Cassette Tape Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
AM/FM Stereo Radio with Compact Disc Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Understanding Radio Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Care of Your Compact Discs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Fixed Mast Antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .122
I05
Comfort Controls & Audio Systems
Climate Control System
With this system, you can control the
ventilation and heating in your vehicle.
Your vehicle also has the flow-through
ventilation systemdescribed later in this
section.
Lever Controls: The upper lever
changes the functions of your system.
The lower lever changesthe temperature
of the air coming throughthe system.
Slide the upper control lever toOFF to
turn off the system.
3f
: Sets the fanspeed. To select the
force of air you want,'turn the knob.
I06
If you have the optional engine block
heater and use it during cold weather,
are mild and little heating or cooling is
0°F (-18°C) or lower, your heating
needed. Air flow is through the
instrument panel outlets. Set the lower system will more quickly provide heat
because the engine coolantis already
lever to the temperaturedesired.
warmed. See the Index under Engine
B/L (Bi-Level): Use on cool, but SUMY
Block
Heater.
days. This setting brings in the outside
BLEND: This setting divides the air
air, but directsit in two ways. The cool
air is directed tothe upper portionof your flow equally betweenthe heater ducts
and the windshield defroster vents.
body through the instrument panel outlets,
but slightly warmerair is directed through DEF (Defrost): This setting directs
most air through the windshield
the heater ducts and defroster vents.
At
defroster vents, and some through the
times, this temperature differencemay
heater ducts.
be more apparent than others.
HTR (Heater): This setting brings
Defogging Windows
heated air through the heater ducts, and
some through the windshield defroster Slide the lower lever toHOT. To defog
the windows, set the upper lever toDEF
vents.
and turn the fan control toHI.
VENT Use when outside temperatures
r
Air Conditioning System
r
Air Conditioning
The upper lever hasthree air
The air conditioner compressor operates
conditioner settings. On very hot days,
whenever the AIC button is pressed. It
The air conditioner and heater work
open
the
windows
long
enough
to
let
hot
also operates automatically (and the
best if you keep your windows closed
light will glow) when inthe MAX
while using them. Your vehicle also has inside air escape. This reduces the
amount
of
work
your
air
conditioner's
setting, or in the DEF (Defrost) setting
the flow-through ventilation system
compressor will have to do, which
when the outside temperature is higher
described later in this section.
should help fuel economy.
than about 40°F (4.5"C).
Lever Controls: The upper lever
A/C (Air Conditioning):Press this
MAX (Maximum): Use for maximum
changes the functions of your system.
button
to
operate
the
air
conditioner
cooling. This setting recirculates much
The lower lever changesthe temperature
compressor.
The
indicator
light
will
of
the air inside your vehicleso it
of the air coming throughthe system.
glow when the button is pressed.
maximizes yourair conditioner's
Slide the upper control lever toOFF to
performance
and your vehicle's fuel
turn off the system.
economy.
:Selects the fan speed. To select
the force of air you want, turn the knob.
The fan is always running unless the
upper lever is moved to OFF.
(OPTION)
I 3f
I07
I
I
B
Comfort Controls & Audio Systems
Air Conditioning (CONX:)
VENT Use on pleasant days when little
heating or cooling is needed, to direct
outside air into the vehicle. In this
setting, the air flow is through the
instrument panel outlets.
B/L (Bi-Level): Use on cool, but sunny
days. This setting brings inthe outside
air, but directs it intwo ways. Air is
directed to the upper portion of your
body through the instrument panel
outlets, and tothe lower portion of your
body through the heater ducts. At times,
this temperature difference may be more
apparent than others.
HTR (Heater): Use this setting to direct
most of the airflow through the heater
ducts, and some through the windshield
defroster vents.
If you have the optional engine block
heater and useit during cold weather,
0°F (-18°C) or lower, your heating
system will more quickly provideheat
because the engine coolant is already
warmed. See the Index under Engine
Block Heater.
BLEND: This setting divides the air
flow equally between the heater ducts
and the windshield defroster vents.
DEF (Defrost):This setting directs
most air through the windshield
defroster vents, and some throughthe
heater ducts.
i;
,'
. ...
. . - -.
.
$,
Defogging Windows with
Air Conditioning System
Slide the lower lever to
HOT.
To defog the front windshield, set the
upper lever to DEF and turn the fan
control to HI.
Rear Window Defogger(omoN)
To defog the side windows, set the
upper lever to B/L, the fan control to
HI, and press the A/C button. Aim the
side vents toward the side windows. For
increased air flow to the side vents,
close the center vents.
The rear window defogger usesa
warming grid to remove fog from the
rear window. Press the
button and
an indicator light will glow.The
defogger will turn off automatically after
about ten minutesof use. If you turn it
on again, the defogger will operate for
about five minutes only. You can also
turn the defogger off
by pressing the
button again, or by turning off the
ignition.
Do not attach a temporary vehicle
license across the defogger gridon the
rear window.
a
I09
I . .
Comfort Controls & Audio Systems
r
?ear Window Defogger(cow.)
Don’t use a razor blade or something
else sharp on the inside of the rear
window. If you do, you could cut
or damage the warming grid, and
the repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
Flow-Through Ventilation System
Your Chevrolet’s flow-through
ventilation system lets outside air into
the vehicle when it is moving. Outside
air will also enter the vehicle when the
heater or the air conditioning fan is
running.
Ventilation Tips
Keep the hood and front air inlet free
of ice, snow, or any other obstruction
(such as leaves). The heater and
defroster will work far better, reducing
the chance of fogging the insideof
your windows.
In cold weather, turn the blower fan to
HI for a few moments before driving
off. This helps clear the intake ducts
of snow and moisture, and reduces the
chance of fogging the inside of your
windows.
Keep the air path under the front seats
clear of objects. This helps air to
circulate throughout your vehicle.
IAudio
Systems
The following pagesdescribe the audio systems available for yourChevrolet, and
how to get the best performance from them. Please read about the system in your
vehicle.
I
Setting the Clock
IOU.
I
equip:
A Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable until it is too
late. Your hearing can adapt to higher volumesof sound. Sound that
seems normal can be loud and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
I hearing
adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe sound level before your
adapts to it.
To help avoid hearing loss or damage:
1. Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
I 2. Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably and clearly.
[
I
No matter which audio system you have
in your vehicle, setting the clock is easy.
1. With the ignition on and the radioon
or off, press SET. The SET indicator
will appear on the digital screen for
five seconds.
2. You must begin to set theclock to the
correct hour and minute during those
five seconds. If your audio system
does not have a CD player:
Press VSEEK to set the hour.
Press SEEto set the minute.
If your audio system has a CD player:
Press SCAN to set the hour.
Press WEEK to decrease minutes
to increase minutes.
or SEE111
Comfort Controls & Audio Systems
BASS: Slide this lever up to increase
bass, or down to decrease it.
YSEEKk Press to seek and stopon
the
next station higheror lower on the
R L(Balance): The control ring
AM/FM Stereo Radio
radio band.
The digital display indicates information behind the upper knob adjusts the
SCAN: Press both SEEK buttons
on time or radio station frequency, the right/left speaker balance,
to listenfor a few seconds to
AM or FM radio band, whether the
TUNE: Rotate the lower knob to tunein together
the
next
station
on the AM or FM band;
station is in stereo, and other radio
radio stations.
the
scan
will
continue
everyfew seconds
functions.
AM/FM: Press the lower knobto
to the next station on the AM or FM
PWR-VOL (Power-Volume): With the
change between AM and FM bands.
band.
ignition on, rotate the upper knob to
F R (Fade): The controlringbehind
The radio will scan upward ifyou press
turn the system on and off, and to
S E E U first and downwardif you
the
lower
knob
adjusts
the
fronthear
control the volume.
press VSEEK first. When the radio is
speaker balance.
Press the upper knob to change between
scanning stations,the word SCAN will
the clock and the radio station frequency TREBLE: Slide this lever upto increase appear on the digital screen.
treble, or down to decrease it. If a
displayed when the radiois on, and to
display the time when the ignition is off. station isweak or noisy, reduce the treble. Press either of the SEEK buttons or the
PWR-VOL knob to cancel SCAN and
select a station.
... I I2
To Preset Radio Stations:
The four pushbuttonsunder the digital
display can be used to preset up to 14
radio stations (sevenAM and seven FM
stations.)
1 Tune in the desired station.
2. Press SET. The word SET will
appear on the digital screen for five
seconds,
3. While SET is displayed, press one of
the four pushbuttons. Wheneveryou
press this buttonagain, the preset
station will be tuned in.
4. Repeat steps 1-3 for each of four AM
and four FM stations.
Up to three additional stations on each
band may be preset by “pairing”
pushbuttons:
1 Tune in the desired station.
2. Press SET, and within fiveseconds
press any two adjacent pushbuttons at
the same time. Whenever you press
these buttons again, the preset station
will be tuned in.
.
.
AMIFM Stereo Radio with
Cassette Tape Player
display the time when the ignition is off,
and to change sidesof the tape when a
The digital display indicates information cassette is playing.
R L (Balance): The control ring
on time or radio station frequency, the
AM or FM radio band, whether the
behind the upper knob adjusts the
station is in stereo, and other radio
rightlleft speaker balance.
functions.
TUNE: Rotate the lower knob totune in
PWR-VOL (Power-Volume): With the
radio stations.
ignition on, rotate the upper knob to
AM/FM: Press the lower knob to
turn the system on and off, and to
change betweenAM and FM. bands.
control the volume.
F R(Fade): The control ringbehind
PROG-RCL (Program-Recall):Press
the lower knob adjusts thefronthear
the upper knob to change betweenthe
speaker balance.
clock and radio station freauencv
displayed when the radio is’ on, io
b
b
I I3
...
Comfort Controls & Audio Systems
AM/FM Stereo Radiowith
Cassette Tape PIayer (CONT.)
TREBLE: Slide this leverup to
ikrease treble, or down to decreaseit.
If a station is weak or noisy, reduce the
treble.
BASS: Slide this lever up to increase
bass, or down to decreaseit.
VSEEKk Press to seek and stop on
the next station higheror lower on the
radio band.
SCAN: Press both SEEK buttons
together to listen fora few seconds to
the next station on the AM or FM band;
the scan will continue every few seconds
to the next station on theAM or FM
band.
The radio will scan upward ifyou press
S E E U first and downward ifyou
press VSEEK first. When the radio is
scanning stations, the wordSCAN will
appear on the digital screen.
Press either of the SEEK buttons or the
PWR-VOL knob to cancelSCAN and
select a station.
To Preset Radio Stations:
The four pushbuttons under the digital
display can be used to preset up to14
radio stations (sevenAM and seven FM
stations).
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Press SET. The word SET will
appear on the digital screen for five
seconds.
3.While SET is displayed, press one of
the four pushbuttons. Whenever you
press these buttons again, the preset
station will be tunedin.
4. Repeat steps 1-3 for each of four AM
and four FM stations.
Up to three additional stations on each
band may be preset by “pairing”
pushbuttons:
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Press SET, and within five seconds
press any two adjacent pushbuttons at
the same time. Whenever you press
these buttons again, the preset station
will be tuned in.
AUTO DNR: This unit is equipped with
an automatic Dynamic Noise Reduction
(DNR) system that reduces background
hiss on AM and FM radio broadcasts,
as well as on cassette tapes.
Cassette Tape Player
With the power on, insert a tape into the
cassette door. Do not use tapes that are
longer than 45 minutes on each side.
When the left arrow is lit, selections
listed on the top side of the cassette are
playing. When the right indicator arrow
is lit, selections listed on the bottom
side of the cassette are playing. To
zhange sides of the tape, press the upper
control knob (PROG) while the cassette
is playing. The tape player automatically
begins playing the other side when it
reaches the end of the tape.
Fast Forward: Press the button with the
arrow pointing in the samedirection that
the tape is playing. To stop fast forward,
press the STOP-EJECT button.
Reverse: Press the button with the
arrow pointing in the opposite direction
that the tape is playing. To stop reverse,
press the STOP-EJECT button.
STOP-EJECT To stop playing a tape,
fully press this button (the cassette will
be partially ejected, and the radio will
begin playing).
AM/FM Stereo Radio with
Compact Disc Player
RCL (Recall): Press this to change
R L (Balance): The controlring
between the clock and radio frequency
The digital display indicates information behind the upper knob adjusts the
on the display. With the ignitionoff, you
right/left speaker balance.
on time or radio station frequency, the
can
press RCL to see the clock
AM or FM radio band, whether the
TUNE: Rotate the lower knob to tune in displayed.
station is in stereo, and other radio
radio stations.
functions.
BASS: Press this button to adjust the
AM/FM: Press the lower knob to
bass level upor down; press the center
PWR-VOL (Power-Volume): With the
change between AM and FM bands.
of the button for a preset level.
ignition on, rotate the upper knobto
F
R
(Fade):
The
control
ring
behind
turn the system on and off, and to
TREB (Treble): Press this button to
control the volume. Press it to change the lower knob adjusts thefronthear
adjust the treble level up or down; press
between the clock and the radio station speaker balance.
the center of the button fora preset
frequency displayed when the radio is
level. If a station is weak or noisy,
on.
reduce the treble.
Radio Controls
SEEK: When you press the left sideof
this button, the radio automatically
tunes to the next lower frequency on the
band. When you press the right side, it
automatically tunes to the next higher
frequency on theband.
SCAN: Press to listen fora few seconds
to the next station upor down on the
AM or FM band. Press again within
five seconds to stop scanning,or press
the PWR-VOL knob.
To Preset Radio Stations:
The five pushbuttons can be used to
preset up to ten radio stations (fiveALM
and five FM stations).
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Press SET. The SET indicator will
appear on the digital screen for five
seconds.
3.While the SET indicator is displayed,
press one of the five pushbuttons.
Whenever you press this button
again, the preset station will be tuned
in.
4. Repeat steps 1-3 for each of five AM
and FM stations.
Compact Disc Player
Many of the controls for the radio also
have functions for the compact disc
player, as explained here.
Don’t use mini-discs that are called
singles. They won’t eject. Use only fullsize compact discs.
1. Turn the PWR-VOL knob to turn on
the power.
2. Insert a disc part-way into theslot,
with the label side up. The player
will pull it in. Within a few seconds,
the disc shouldplay.
II7
Comfort Controls & Audio Systems
I
AM.FM Stereo Radio with
Compact Disc Player (CONT.)
RCL (Recall): Press this button once to
see which track is playing. Press again
If the disc comes backout and/or Err
within five seconds to see how long
appears on the display:
your selection has been playing.The
The disc may be upside down.
track number also will be displayed
The disc may be dirty, scratched or
when the volume is changedor a new
wet.
track starts toplay.
There may be too much moisture in
COMP (Compression): Pressing this
the air (wait aboutone hour and try
button makes soft and loud passages
again).
more equal in volume. Press again to
The player may be too hot, or the road resume normal play.
may be too rough forthe disc to play.
RDM (Random): Press to play tracks in
As soon as things get back to normal, random, rather than sequential, order.
the disc should play.
This feature remains activeuntil the
RDM button or another CD function
While a disc is playing, the CD
button is pressed.
indicator is displayed on the digital
screen, as is the clock.
I I8
REV (Reverse): Press and hold to
rapidly reverse the disc. Release to
resume playing.
FWD (Fast Forward): Press and hold
to rapidly advance the disc. Release to
resume playing.
SCAN: Press this buttonto sample ten
seconds of each track. Press again to
stop scanning.
PREV (Previous): Press to play a track
again. If you keep pressing thePREV
button, the disc will keep backing up to
previous tracks.
NEXT: Press to advanceto the next
track. If you keep pressing the NEXT
button, the disc will keep advancing to
other tracks.
CD Player Anti-Theit Feature
When Finished with the Compact
Disc Player:
If you turn the radio off, or turn off the
ignition, the disc will stay in the player
and start again when you turn on the
ignition or the PWR-VOL button. The
disc will begin playing at the point
where it had been stopped.
ST-PL (Stop-Play): Press to stop the
disc player; the radio will play. Press
again to play the disc (the player will
start playing the disc where it had
stopped earlier).
EJCT(Eject): Press to eject the disc;
the radio will play. The disc will start at
track 1 when you reinsert it. EJCT
works even when the radio or the
ignition is off.
Delco LOC I P is a security feature that
5. Press SET, and 000 will appear on
can be used or ignored. If you ignore it,
the display.
the radio will play normally. If you use
6. Press SCAN until the first digit of
it, your radio cannot be turned on if it is
your code appears.
stolen. These instructions will tell you
7. Press SEEK until the second and
how to enter a secret code into the radio.
third digits of your code appear.
If battery power is lostfor any reason,
8. Press the TUNE knob (000 will
the secret code must be entered again
appear on the display).
before your audio system can be turned
on.
9. Press SCAN until the fourth digitof
your code appears.
To Set the Anti-Theft System:
1. Write down any six-digit number and 10. Press SEEK until the fifth and sixth
digits of your code appear.
keep it in a safe place. This is your
secret code.
11. Press the TUNE knob (rEP will
appear for five seconds, then 000).
2. Turn the ignition on.
12. Repeat steps 6 through 10. Then
3.Rotate the PWR knob to turn the
press the TUNE knob again. SEC
radio off.
will
appear, indicating that Delco
4. Press station preset buttons 1 and 4 at
LOC II@ is set, and your radio is
the same timeandhold
until "---"
If "- - -" appears, the steps
secure.
shows on the display.
were not successful andyou must
You now have only 15 seconds
repeat the entire procedure.
between each of the following steps.
II9
r
8
8
8
Comfort Controls & Audio Systems
CD Player Anti-Theftkature
(CONT.)
To Disable the Anti-Theft System:
Enter your secret code by following
these steps (you will have only 15
seconds between each step).
1. Turn the ignition on and the radio
off, then press station preset buttons
1 and 4. SEC will appear, showing
the radio is secure.
2. Press SET and 000 will appear on
the display.
3.Press SCAN until the first digit of
your secret code appears.
4. Press SEEK until the second and
third digits of your code appear.
5. Press the TUNE knob (000 will
appear on the display).
I20
6. Press SCAN until the fourth digitof
your code appears.
7. Press SEEK until the fifth and sixth
digits of your code appear.
8. Press the TUNE knob. If the display
shows "- - -;' the radio is unsecured
and will play again. If the display
shows SEC, the steps were not
successful and the numbers didnot
match the secret code.
If you lose or forget your code, see your
dealer.
If you lose battery power, when the
battery is reconnected the radio willnot
turn on and LOC will appear. Follow
steps 1-8 for disabling your system, and
the time will appear if you are
successful. If SEC appears, the numbers
did not match and your unitis still
locked.
Understanding Radio Reception
F M Stereo
AM Stereo
FM Stereo will giveyou the best sound,
but FM signals will reach only about 10
to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall buildings
or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to come and go.
Your Delco@ systemmay be able to
receive C-Quam@stereo broadcasts.
Many AM stations around the country
use C-Quam@to produce stereo, though
some do not. C-Quam@is a registered
trademark of Motorola, Inc. If your
Delco@system can get C-Quam@
signals, your stereo indicator light will
come on when you are receiving it.
AM
The range for most AM stations is
greater than for FM, especially at night.
The longer range, however, can cause
stations to interfere with each other. AM
can also pick up noise from things like
storms and power lines. To lower this
noise, try reducing the treble level.
I
Care of bur Cassette Tape
Player
A tape player that is not cleaned
regularly can cause reduced sound
quality, ruined cassettes, or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be
stored in their cases away from
contaminants, direct sunlight, and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may
not operate properly or cause failure of
the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned
regularly each month or after every 15
hours of use. If you notice a reductionin
sound quality, try a known good cassette
to see if the tape or the tape player is at
fault. If this other cassette has no
improvement in sound quality, clean the
tape player.
I21
I..
Comfort Controls & Audio Systems
X3074
m
Care of Your Cassette Tape
Player (CONT.)
Care of Your Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store themin
their
original cases or other protective
Clean your tape player with a wipingcases and away from direct sunlight and
action, non-abrasive cleaning cassette,
and follgw the directions provided with dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled,
dampen a clean, soft cloth in a mild,
it.
neutral detergent solution and clean it,
Cassettes are subject to wear and the
wiping
from the centerto the edge.
sound quality may degrade over time.
Always make sure that the cassette tape Be sure never to touch the signal surface
when handling discs. Pick up discs by
is in good condition before you have
grasping the outer edgesor the edge of
your tape player serviced.
the hole and the outer edge.
I22
Fixed Mast Antenna
The fixed mast antenna can withstand
most car washes without being
damaged. If the mast should ever
become slightly bent, you can straighten
it out by hand. If the mast is badly bent,
as it might be by vandals, you should
replace it.
Check every once in a while to besure
the mast is still tightened to the fender.
Part
4
Your Driving and the Road
H e r e you’ll find information about
driving on different kindsof roads
and in varying weather conditions
.
We’ve also included many other
useful tips on driving.
Roadsigns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Defensive Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
128
Drunken Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
Control of a Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Braking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
132
Anti-Lock Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
134
Steering Tips. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
138
Steering in Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
139
Passing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
140
DrivingatNight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Driving in the Rain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Driving in Fog, Mist and Haze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
CityDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Freeway Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
.
Driving a Long Distance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .152
HillandMountainRoads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
154
ParkingonHills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Winter Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
TowingaTrailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
I23
Your Driving and the Road
;_.
SrOP
DO NOT
ENTER
WRONG
WAY
RR ADVANCE
CROSSING
NARROW
BRIDGE
PASSING
NO
ZONE
Color of Road Signs
Yellow indicates a general warning.
Slow down and be carefbl whenyou see
Red means Stop. It may also indicate
a yellow sign. It may signal a railroad
Road Signs
that some movement is not allowed.
Examples are Do Not Enter and Wrong crossing ahead, a no passing zone, or
The road signs you see everywhere are
some other potentially dangerous
Way.
coded by color and shape. It's a good
situation. Likewise, a yellow solidline
idea to know these codes so that you can
painted
on the road means Don't Cross.
quickly grasp the basic meaning or
intent of the sign even before you havea
chance to read it.
....YTDU
INFORMATION
HOSPITAL
... I24
Green is used toguide the driver. Green B h e signs with white letters show
motorists' services.
signs may indicate upcoming freeway
exits or show the direction you should
turn to reach a particular place.
LOW
WORKERS
SHOULDER
AHEAD AHEAD
FLAGGER
Orange indicates road construction or
maintenance. You’ll want to slow down
when you see an orange sign, as part of
the road may be closed off or tom up.
And there may be workers and
maintenance vehicles around, too.
:I
CANOEING
Shape of Road Signs
A diamond-shaped sign is a warning of
The shape of the sign will tellyou
something, too.
An octagonal (eight-sided) sign means
Stop. It is always red with white letters.
something ahead-for example, a curve,
steep hill, soft shoulder, or a narrow
bridge.
A
SWIMMING
Brown signs point out recreation areas
or points of historic or cultural interest.
A triangle, pointed downward, indicates
Yield. It assigns the rightof way to
traffic on certain approaches to an
intersection.
A triangular sign also is used on twolane roads to indicate a No Passing
Zone. This sign will be on the left side
of the roadway.
125
Your Driving and the Road
1
L
KEEP
RIGHT
LEFT OR
THROUGH
muHT TURN
ONLY
Shape of Road Signs (CONI)
Symbols on Road Signs
Traffic 1ights
Rectangular (square or oblong) signs
show speed limits, parking regulations,
give directions, and such informationas
distances to cities.
There are many international road signs
in use today.
We’re all familiar with traffic lights or
stop lights. Often green arrows are being
used in the lights for improvedtraffic
control. On some multilane roads, green
arrows light up, indicating that traffic in
one or more lanes canmove or make a
turn. Green arrows don’t mean “go no
matter what.’’ You’ll still need to
proceed with caution, yielding the right
of way to pedestrians and sometimes to
other vehicles.
Some traffic lightsalso use red arrows
to signify that y ~ must.stop
u
before
turning on red.
NO U
TURN
NO
PARKING
NO
BICYCLES
The basic message of many of these
signs is in pictures or graphic symbols.
A picture within acircle with a diagonal
line across it shows what not to do.
8
8
1
I26
Mur Own Signals
REVERSIBLE LANE ON MULTILANEROADWAY
Many city roads and expressways, and
even bridges, use reversible-lane traffic
control during rush hours. A red X light
above a lane means no drivingin that
lane at that time. A green arrow means
you may drive in that lane. Look for the
signs posted to warn drivers what hours
and days these systemsare in effect.
Drivers signal to others, too. It’s not
only more polite, it’s safer to let other
drivers know what you are doing. And
in some places the law requiresdriver
signals.
NO PASSINGZONE
Turn and Lane ChangeSignals:
Always signal when you plan to turn or
Pavement Markings
change lanes.
Pavement markings add to traffic signs
If necessary, you can use hand signals
and signals. They give informationto
out
the window: Left arm straight out
drivers without taking attention from the
for
a
left turn, down for slowor aboutroadway. A solid yellow line on your
to-stop, and up for a right turn.
side of the road or lane means Don’t
Slowing Down:If time allows, tap the
Cross.
brake pedal once or twice in advanceof
slowing or stopping. This warns the
driver behind you.
Disabled: Your four-way flashers signal
that your vehicle is disabledor is a
hazard. See theIndex under Hazard
Warning Flashers.
Traffic Officer
The traffic police officer is also
a source
of important information. The officer’s
signals govern, no matter what the
traffic lights or other signs say.
The next section discusses someof the
road conditions you may encounter.
I27
Your Driving and the Road
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about Expect other drivers torun stop signs
driving is: Drive defensively.
when you are on a through street. Be
Please start with a very important safety ready to brake if necessary as you go
through intersections. Youmay not have
device in your Chevrolet: Buckle up.
to use the brake, butif you do, you will
(See theIndex under Safety Belts.)
be ready.
Defensive driving really means “be
If you’re driving through a shopping
ready for anything.” On city streets,
center parking lot where thereare wellrural roads, or freeways, it means
marked lanes, directional arrows, and
“always expect the unexpected.”
designated parking areas, expect some
Assume that pedestriansor other drivers drivers to ignore all these markings and
are going to be careless and make
dash straight toward one part
of the lot.
mistakes. Anticipate what they might
Pedestrians can be careless.Watch for
do. Be ready for their mistakes.
them. In general, you must give way to
Expect childrento dash out from behind pedestrians even if you know you have
parked cars, often followedby other
the right of way.
children. Expect occupantsin parked
cars to open doors into traffic. Watch for Rear-end collisionsare about the most
preventable of accidents. Yet they are
movement in parked cars-someone
common. Allow enough following
may be about to opena door.
213
distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city andrural
driving. You never know when the
vehicle in frontof you is going to brake
or turn suddenly.
Here’s a final bitof information about
defensive driving. The most dangerous
time for driving in theU.S. is very early
on Sunday morning. In fact, GM
Research studies showthat the most and
the least dangerous times for driving,
every week, fall on the sameday. That
day is Sunday. The most dangerous time
is Sunday from 3 a.m. to 4 a.m. The
safest time is Sunday from 10 a.m. to
11 a.m. Driving the same distance on a
Sunday at 3 a.m. isn’t just a little more
dangerous than it is at 10 a.m. It’s about
134 times more dangerous!
That leads to the next section.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with
drinking and driving is a national
tragedy. It’s the number one contributor
to the highway deathtoll, claiming
thousands of victims every year.
Alcohol takes away three things that
anyone needs todrive a vehicle:
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Police recordsshow that half of all
motor vehicle-related deaths involve
alcohol-a driver, a passenger or
someone else, suchas a pedestrian, had
been drinking. In most cases, these
deaths are the result of someone who
was drinking and driving. Over 25,000
motor vehicle-related deaths occur each
year because of alcohol, and thousands
of people are injured.
Just how much alcohol is too much if a
person plans to drive? Ideally,no one
should drink alcohol and then drive. But
if one does, then what’s “too much”? It
can be a lotless than many might think.
Although it depends on each person and
situation, here is some general
information on the problem,
The Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) of
someone who is drinking depends upon
four things:
How much alcohol is in the drink.
The drinker’s body weight.
The amount of food that is consumed
before and during drinking.
The length of time it has taken the
drinker to consume the alcohol.
According to the American Medical
Association, a 180-pound (82 kg) person
who drinks three E-ounce (355 ml)
bottles of beer in an hour will endup
with a BAC of about 0.06 percent. The
person would reach the sameBAC by
drinking three 4-ounce(120ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each
had 1% ounces (45 ml)of a liquor like
whiskey, gin or vodka.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts,
For example, if the same person drank
three double martinis (3 ounces or
90 ml of liquor each) withinan hour,
the person’s BAC would be close to
0.12 percent. A person who consumes
food just before or during drinking will
have a slightly lower BAC level.
I29
I . .
Your Driving and the Road
3 HOURS
I people are impaired at a BAC
Drunken Driving(CONI)
The law in most U.S. states sets the
legal limit at a BAC of 0.10 percent. In
Canada the limit is 0.08 percent, and in
some other countries it’s lower than
that. The BAC will be over 0.10 percent
after three to sixdrinks (in one hour).
I30
Of course, as we’ve seen, it depends on
how much alcohol is in the drinks, and
how quickly the persondrinks them.
But it’s very important to keepin mind
that the ability to drive is affected well
below a BAC of 0.10 percent. Research
shows that thedriving skills of many
approaching 0.05 percent, and that the
effects are worse at night. All drivers
are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05
percent. Statistics show that the chance
of being in an accident increases sharply
for drivers who have a BAC of 0.05
percent or above. A driver with a BAC
level of 0.06 percent (three beers in one
hour for a 180-pound or 82 kg person)
has doubled his or her chance of having
an accident. At a BAC level of 0.10
percent, the chance of that driver having
an accident is six times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chances are
twenty-five times greater! And, the
body takes about an hour to rid itselfof
the alcohol in one drink. No amount of
coffee or number of cold showerswill
speed that up.
“I’ll be careful” isn’t the right answer.
What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child
darts into the street? A person with a
higher BAC might not be able to react
quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There’s something else about drinking
and driving that many people don’t
know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make
crash injuries worse. That’s especially
true for brain, spinal cord and heart
injuries. That means that if anyone who
has been drinking-driver or
passenger-is in a crash, the chance of
being killed or permanently disabled is
higher than if that person hadnot been
drinking. And we’ve already seen that
the chance of a crash itself is higher for
drinking drivers.
CAUTION
Drinking and then driving is
very dangerous. Your reflexes,
perceptions, and judgment will be
affected by even a small amount of
alcohol. You could have a
serious-or even fatal-accident
if
you drive after drinking. Please
don’t drink and drive or ride with a
driver who has been drinking.
Ride home in a cab; or if you’re
with a group, designate a driver
who will not drink.
I
IControl of a Vehicle
You have three systems that make your
vehicle go where you want it to go.
They are the brakes, the steering and the
accelerator. All three systems have to do
their work at the places where the tires
meet the road.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on
snow or ice, it’s easy to ask more of
those control systems than thetires and
road can provide. That means you can
lose control of your vehicle.
I31
Your Driving and the Road
Braking
Braking action involvesperception time
and reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the
brake pedal. That’s perception time.
Then you have to bring up your foot and
do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 34 of a
second. But that’s only an average. It
might be less with one driver and as
long as two or three seconds or more
with another. Age, physicalcondition,
alertness, coordination and eyesight all
play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But even in % of a second, a
vehicle moving at60 mph (100 km/h)
travels 66 feet (20 m). That could be a
lot of distance in an emergency, so
keeping enough space between your
vehicle and others is important.
I32
And, of course, actual stopping
distances vary greatly with the surface
of the road (whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the condition of the road (wet,
dry, icy); tire tread; and the condition of
your brakes.
Most drivers treat their brakes with
care. Some, however, overwork the
braking system withpoor driving habits.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some
people drive in spurts-heavy
acceleration followedby heavy
braking-rather than keeping pace
with traffic. This is a mistake. Your
brakes may not have time to cool
between hard stops. Your brakes will
wear out much fasterif you do a lot of
heavy braking.
Don’t “ride” the brakes by letting your
left foot rest lightly on the brake pedal
while driving.
I
“Riding” yourbrakes can
cause them to averheat to the
point that they won’t work well.
You might not be able to stop your
vehicle in time to avoid an
accident. If you “ride” your
brakes, they will get so hot they
will require a lot of pedal force to
slow you down. Avoid “riding” the
brakes.
‘‘Riding” the brakes wears them
out much faster. You would neec
costly brake replacement much
sooner than normal,and it also
reduces fuel economy.
If you keep pace with thetraffic and
allow realistic followingdistances, you
will eliminate a lot of unnecessary
braking. That means better braking and
longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re
driving, brake normally but don’t
pump your brakes. If you do, the pedal
may get harder to push down. If your
engine stops, you will still have some
power brake assist. But you will use it
when you brake. Once the power
assist is used up,it may take longer to
stop and the brake pedal will be
harder to push.
Your Driving and the Road
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
Your Chevrolet has an advanced
electronic braking system that will help
prevent skidding.
This light on the instrument panel will
go on when you start your vehicle.
When you start your vehicle and begin
to drive away you may hear a
momentary motor or clicking noise and
you may even notice that your brake
pedal moves a little while this is going
on. This is the ABS system testing itself.
If you have your foot on the brake pedal,
this check won’t happen until the vehicle
goes about 4 mph (6 km/h) or until you
take your footoff the brake pedal.
134
After an ABS stop, you may hear a
clicking noisethe next time the vehicle
goes about 4 mph (6 km/h).
If there’s a problem with the anti-lock
brake system, the anti-lock brake system
warning light will stay onor flash.
See the Index under Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light.
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say
the road is wet. You’re driving safely.
Suddenly an animaljumps out in front
of you.
You slam on the brakes. Here’s what
happens with ABS.
A computer senses that wheels are
slowing down. The computer separately
works the brakes at eachfront wheel
and at the rear wheels.
The anti-lock system can change the
brake pressure faster than any
driver
could. The computer is programmed to
make the mostof available tire and road
conditions.
Disc Brake Wear indicators
ou can steer around the obstacle while
b~raking hard. As you brake, your
lmputer keeps receiving updates on
Wthee1 speed and controls braking
P’ressure accordingly.
I
I
Anti-lock doesn’t change the
time you need to get your h t
to the brake pedal. If you get
too close to the vehicle in front of
you, you won’t have time to apply
your brakes if that vehicle suddenly
slows or stops. Always leave enough
morn up ahead to stop, even though
YOU have a n t i - l ~ ~brakes.
k
A
L
To Use Anti-Lock:
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the
brake pedal down and let anti-lock work
for you. You may hear a clicking noise
as you accelerate after a hard stop.
Your Chevrolet has front disc brakes and
rear drum brakes. Disc brake padshave
built-in wear indicators that makea
high-pitched warning sound when the
brake pads are worn and new padsare
needed. The sound may come and go or
be heard all the time your vehicleis
moving (except when you are pushing
on the brake pedalfirmly).
r
bAUIIUN
’
The brake wear warning
4 L sound means thatsooner or
later your brakes won’t work well,
That couldlead to an accident.
When you hear the brake wear
warning sound, have your vehicle
serviced.
c
I35
8
8
8
Your Driving and the Road
Disc Brake Wear lndicators
Rear Drum Brakes
Brake Pedal Travel
(CONT)
Your rear drum brakes don’t have wear
indicators, but if you ever hear a rear
brake rubbing noise, have the rear brake
linings inspected. Also, therear brake
drums should be removed and inspected
each time the tires are removed for
rotation or changing. When you have the
front brakes replaced, have the rear
brakes inspected, too.
Brake linings shouldalways be replaced
as complete axle sets.
See your dealer if the brake pedaldoes
not return to normal height, or if there
is a rapid increase in pedal travel. This
could be a signof brake trouble.
Continuing to drive with worn-out
brakepadscould
sultin costly
Some driving conditions or climates
may cause a brake squeal whenthe
brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something
is wrong with your brakes.
. . I
I36
Brake Adjustment
Braking In Emergencies
Power Steering
Every time you make a moderate brake Use your anti-lock braking system when If you lose power steering assist because
stop, your disc brakes adjust for wear. If you need to. With anti-lock, you can
the engine stops or the system fails to
you rarely make a moderate or heavier
steer and brake at the same time.
In
function, you can steer but it will take
stop, then your brakes might not adjust many emergencies, steering can help
much more effort.
correctly. If you drive in that way,
you more than even the very best
braking.
then-very carefully-make a few
moderate brake stops about every1,OOO
miles (1 600 km), so your brakes will
adjust properly. If your brake pedal goes
down farther thannormal, your rear
drum brakes may need adjustment.
Adjust them by backing up and firmly
applying the brakesa few times.
I37
Your Driving and the Road
Steering Tips-Driving on Curves
It’s important to takecurves at a
reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control”
accidents mentioned on the news happen
on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of
us is subject to thesame laws of physics
when driving on curves. The traction of
the tires against the road surface makes
it possible forthe vehicle to change its
path when you turn the front wheels. If
there’s no traction, inertia will keepthe
vehicle going in the same direction. If
you’ve ever tried to steer a vehicle on
wet ice, you’ll understand this.
The traction you can get in acurve
depends on the condition of your tires
and the road surface, the angle at which
the curve is banked, and youT speed.
. . I
I38
While you’re in a curve, speed is the
one factor you can control.
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp
curve. Then you suddenly accelerate.
Those two control systems-steering
and acceleration-can overwhelm those
places where the tires meet the road and
make you lose control.
What shouldyou do if this ever
happens? Let up on the accelerator
pedal, steer the vehicle the way you
want it to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn lhat
you should adjust yourspeed. Of
course, the posted speeds are based on
good weather and road conditions.
Under less favorable conditions you’ll
want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speedas you
approach a curve, do it before you enter
the curve, while your front wheelsare
straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speedso you can
“drive” through the curve. Maintain a
reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate untilyou are out of the curve,
and then accelerate gently intothe
straightaway.
When you drive into a curve at night,
it’s harder to see the road aheadof you
because it bends away from the straight
beams of your lights. This is one good
reason to drive slower.
I
I
-
An emergency like this requires close
attention and aquick decision. If you
Steering in Emergencies
are holding the steering wheel at the
There are times when steeringcan be
recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions,
more effective than braking. For
you can turn it a full 180 degrees very
example, you come over a hill and find a quickly without removing either hand.
truck stopped in yourlane, or a car
But you have to actfast, steer quickly,
suddenly pulls out from nowhere, or a
and just as quickly straighten the wheel
child darts out from between parked
once you have avoided the object. You
cars and stops right in front of you. You must then be prepared to steer back to
can avoid these problems by braking-if
your original lane and then braketo a
you can stop in time. But sometimes you controlled stop.
can’t; there isn’t room. That’s the time
Depending on your speed, this can be
for evasive action-steering around the
rather violent for an unprepared driver.
problem.
This is one of the reasons driving
Your Chevrolet can perform very well in experts recommend that you use your
emergencies like these. First apply your safety belts and keep both hands onthe
brakes. It is better to remove as much
steering wheel.
speed as you can from a possible
The fact that such emergency situations
collision. Then steer around the
are always possible is a good reason to
problem, to the left or right depending
practice defensive driving at all times.
on the space available.
Off-Road Recovery
You may find sometime that your right
wheels have dropped off the edge of a
road onto the shoulder while you’re
driving.
If the level of the shoulder is only
slightly below the pavement, recovery
should be fairlyeasy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing
in the way, steer so that your vehicle
straddles the edge of the pavement. You
can turn the steering wheel up to ?4 turn
until the right front tire contacts the
pavement edge. Then turn your steering
wheel to go straight down the roadway.
If the shoulder appears to be about four
inches (100 mm) or more below the
pavement, this difference can cause
problems. If there is not enough room to
I39
Your Driving and the Road
Off-Road Recovev (CONT.)
pull entirely onto the shoulder and stop,
then follow the same procedures. But if
the right front tire scrubs against the
side of the pavement, do not steer more
sharply. With too much steering angle,
the vehicle may jump back onto the road
with so much steering input that it
crosses over intothe oncoming traffic
before you can bring it back under
control. Instead, ease off again on the
accelerator and steering input, straddle
the pavement once more, then try again.
Passing
So here are some tips for passing:
The driver of a vehicle aboutto pass
another on a two-lane highway waits for “Drive ahead.” Look down the road,
just the right moment, accelerates,
to the sides, and to crossroads for
moves around the vehicleahead, then
situations that might affect your
goes back into the right lane again. A
passing patterns. If you have any doubt
simple maneuver?
whatsoever about making a successful
pass, wait for a better time.
Not necessarily! Passinganother vehicle
on a two-lane highwayis a potentially
Watch for traffic signs, pavement
dangerous move, since the passing
markings, and lines. If youcan see a
vehicle occupies the samelane as
sign up ahead that might indicate a
oncoming traffic for several seconds. A
turn or an intersection, delay your
miscalculation, an error in judgment, or
pass. A broken center line usually
a brief surrender to frustration or anger
indicates it’s all right to pass
can suddenly putthe passing driver face
(providing the road ahead is clear).
to face withthe worst of all traffic
Never cross a solid line on your side
accidents-the head-on collision.
of the lane or a double solid line, even
if the road seems empty
of approaching
traffic.
If you suspect thatthe driver of the
vehicle you want to pass isn’t aware of
your presence, tap thehorn a couple
of times before passing.
Do not get too close to the vehicle you
want to pass while you’re awaitingan
opportunity. For one thing, following
too closely reduces yourarea of
vision, especially if you’re following
a
larger vehicle. Also, you won’t have
adequate space if the vehicle ahead
suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a
reasonable distance.
When it looks like a chanceto pass is
coming up, start to accelerate butstay
in the rightlane and don’t get too
close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to
move into the other lane. If the way is
clear to pass, you will have a “running
start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping
back. And if something happens to
cause you to cance1,your pass, you
need only slow down anddrop back
again and wait for another opportunity.
If other cars are lined up to pass a
slow vehicle, wait your turn. But take
care that someone isn’t trying to pass
you as you pull out to pass the slow
vehicle. Remember to glance over
your shoulder and check the blind
spot.
Check your mirrors, glance over your
shoulder, and start your left lane
change signal before moving outof the
right lane to pass. Whenyou are far
enough aheadof the passed vehicle to
see its front in your inside mirror,
activate your rightlane change signal
and move back into the right lane.
(Remember that your right outside
mirror is convex. The vehicle you just
passed may seem to be further away
from you than it really is.)
Try not to passmore than one vehicle
at a time on two-lane roads.
Reconsider before passing the next
vehicle.
Don’t overtake a slowly moving
vehicle too rapidly. Even thoughthe
brake lights are not flashing, it may be
slowing down or starting toturn.
If you’re being passed, make it easy
for the followingdriver to get aheadof
you. Perhaps you can ease a little to
the right.
I41
Your Driving and the Road
Loss of Control
Skidding
Let’s review what driving experts say
about what happens whenthe three
control systems (brakes,‘steering and
acceleration) don’t have enough friction
where the tires meet the road to do what
the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep
trying to steer and constantly seek an
escape route or area of less danger.
In a skid, a driver can lose control of
the vehicle. Defensive drivers avoid
most skids by taking reasonable care
suited to existing conditions, and by not
“overdriving” those conditions. But
skids are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to
your Chevrolet’s three control systems.
In the braking skid your wheels aren’t
rolling. In the steering or cornering
skid, too much speed or steering in a
curve causes tires to slip and lose
cornering force. And in the acceleration
skid too much throttlecauses the driving
wheels to spin.
A cornering skid and an acceleration
skid are best handled by easing your
foot offthe accelerator pedal. If your
vehicle starts to slide (as when you turn
I42
a corner on a wet, snow- or ice-covered
road), ease your foot off the accelerator
pedal as soon as you feel the vehicle
start to slide. Quickly steer the way you
want the vehicle to go. If you start
steering quickly enough, your vehicle
will straighten out. As it does, straighten
the front wheels.
Of course, traction is reduced when
water, snow, ice, gravel, or other
material is on the road. For safety, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your
driving to these conditions. It is
important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distancewill
be longer and vehicle control more
limited.
Driving at Night
While driving on a surface with reduced
traction, try your best to avoid sudden
steering, acceleration, or braking
(including engine braking by shifting to
a lower gear). Any sudden changes
could cause the tires to slide. You may
not realize the surface is slippery until
your vehicle is skidding. Learn to
recognize warning clues-such as
enough water, ice or packed snow on
the road to make a “mirrored
surface”-and slow down when you
have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock braking
system (ABS) helps avoid only the
braking skid. Steer the way you want to
go.
Night driving is more dangerous than
day driving. One reason is that some
drivers are likely to be impaired-by
alcohol or drugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
Here are some tips on nightdriving.
Drive defensively. Remember, this is
the most dangerous time.
Don’t drink and drive. (See the index
under Drunken Driving for more on
this problem.)
Adjust your inside rearview mirror to
reduce the glare from headlights
behind you.
Since you can’t see as well, you may
need to slow down and keep more
space between you and other vehicles.
It’s hard to tell how fast the vehicle
ahead is goingjust by looking at its
taillights.
Slow down, especially on higher
speed roads. Your headlights can light
up only so much road ahead.
In remote areas, watch for animals.
If you’re tired, pull off the road in a
safe place andrest.
I43
r
I . .
Your Driving and the Road
Night Wsion
High Beams
If the vehicle approaching you has its
No one can see as well at nightas in the shielded from thatglare may adjust
high
beams on, signal by flicking yours
more quickly to darkness back on the
daytime. But as we getolder these
to high and then back to low beam. This
road. But be sure to remove your
differences increase. A SO-year-old
is the usual signal to lower the headlight
sunglasses
before
you
leave
the
service
driver may require at least twice as
beams. If the other driver still doesn’t
much light to see the same thing at nightarea.
lower the beams, resist the temptation to
as a 20-year-old.
You can be temporarily blindedby
approaching lights. It can take a second put your high beams on.This only
What you do in the daytime canalso
affect your night vision. For example,if or two, or even several seconds, for your makes two half-blinded drivers.
On a freeway, use your high beams only
you spend the day in bright sunshineyou eyes to readjust to thedark. When you
in remote areas whereyou won’t impair
are faced with severe glare (as from a
are wise to wear sunglasses.Your eyes
approaching drivers. In some places,
will have less trouble adjusting to night. driver who doesn’t lower the high
like cities, using high beams is illegal.
beams, or a vehicle with misaimed
But if you’re driving, don’t wear
headlights),
slow
down
a
little.
Avoid
When you follow another vehicle ona
sunglasses at night. They may cut down
staring
directly
into
the
approaching
freeway or highway, use low beams.
on glare from headlights, but theyalso
True, most vehicles now have day-night
make a lot of things invisible that should lights. If there is a line of opposing
traffic, make occasional glances over the mirrors that enable the driver
to reduce
remain visible-such as parked cars,
line of headlights to make certain that
glare. But outside mirrors are notof this
obstacles, pedestrians, or even trains
one of the vehicles isn’t starting to move type and high beams from behind can
blocking railway crossings. Youmay
bother the driver ahead.
want to put on your sunglasses afteryou into your lane. Onceyou are past the
bright lights, give your eyes time to
have pulled intoa brightly-lighted
readjust before resuming speed.
service or refreshment area. Eyes
‘ II44
A Few More Night Driving
Suggestions
Remember that your headlights light
up
far
less
of
a
roadway
when
you
are
in
a
Keep your windshield and allthe glass
turn
or
curve.
on your vehicle clean-inside and out.
Glare at night ismade much worse by
Keep your eyes moving; thatway, it's
dirt on the glass. Eventhe inside of the
easier to pick out dimly lighted objects.
glass can build up a film causedby dust. Just as your headlights shouldbe
Tobacco smoke also makes inside glass checked regularly for proper aim, so
surfaces very filmy and can be a vision should your eyes be examined regularly.
hazard if it's left there.
Some drivers suffer from night
Dirty glass makes lights dazzle and
blindness-the inability to see in dim
flash more than clean glass would,
light-and aren't even aware of it.
making the pupils of your eyes contract
repeatedly. You might even want to keep
a cloth and some glass cleaner in your
vehicle if you need to clean your glass
frequently.
Driving in the Rain
Rain and wet roads can mean driving
trouble. On a wet roadyou can't stop,
accelerate or turn as well because your
tire-to-road traction isn'tas good as on
dry roads. And, if your tires don't have
much tread left, you'll get even less
traction.
It's always wise to go slower andbe
cautious if rain starts to fall while you
are driving. The surface may get wet
suddenly when your reflexesare tuned
for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to
see. Even if your windshield wiper
blades are in good shape, a heavy rain
can make it harder to see road signs and
traffic signals, pavement markings, the
edge of the road, and even people
IC
I45
...
Your Driving and the Road
Driving in the Rain(CONT:)
walking. Road spray can often be worse
for vision than rain, especially if it
comes from adirty road.
So it is wise to keep your wiping
2quipment in good shape and keep your
windshield washer tank filled. Replace
your windshield wiper inserts when they
show signs of streaking or missing areas
on the windshield, or when strips of
rubber start to separate from the inserts.
m m .
I46
I
Driving too fast through large water
puddles or even going throughsome car
washes can cause problems, too. The
water may affect your brakes. Try to
avoid puddles. But if you can’t, try to
slow down before you hit them.
Wet brakes can cause
accidents. They won’t work
werl in a quick stop and may cause
pulling to one side. You could.lose
control of the vehicle.
After driving though a large
puddle of water or a car wash,
apply your brake pedal lightly until
your brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much
water can build up under your tires that
they can actually ride on the water. This
can happen if the road is wet enough
and you’re going fastenough. When
your vehicle is hydroplaning, it has little
or no contact with the road.
You might not be aware of hydroplaning.
You could drive along for some time
without realizing yourtires aren’t in
constant contact with the road. You
could find out the hardway: when you
have to slow, turn, move out to pass-or
if you get hitby a gust of wind. You could
suddenly find yourselfout of control.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But
it can if your tires haven’t much tread or
if the pressure in one or more is low. It
can happen if a lot of water is standing
on the road. If you can see reflections
from trees, telephone poles, or other
vehicles, and raindrops “dimple’’ the
water’s surface, there could be
hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher
speeds. There just isn’t a hard and fast
rule about hydroplaning. The best
advice is to slow down when it is
raining, and be careful.
Turn on your headlights-not just your
parking lights-to help make you more
visible to others.
Look for hard-to-see vehicles coming
from behind. You may want to use
your headlights evenin daytime if it’s
raining hard.
Besides slowing down, allow some
extra followingdistance. And be
especially careful whenyou pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more
clear room ahead, and be prepared to
have your view restricted by road
spray. If the road spray is so heavy you
are actually blinded, drop back. Don’t
pass until conditions improve. Going
more slowly is better than having an
accident.
Use your defoggerif it helps.
Have good tires with proper tread
depth. (See the Index under fires.)
I47
Your Driving and the Road
Tips on Driving in
Fog
Everybody then has a betterchance to
avoid hitting the vehicle ahead.
A patch of dense fog may extend only
Driving inFog, Mist and Haze
for a few feet (meters) or for miles
Fog can occur with high humidity or
(kilometers); you can’t really tell while
heavy frost. It can be so mild that you
you’re in it. You can only treat the
can see throughit for several hundred
situation with extremecare.
feet (meters). Or it might be so thick
One common fog condition-sometimes
that you can see only a few feet (meters) called mist or ground fog-can happen
ahead. It may come suddenly to an
in weather that seemsperfect, especially
otherwise clear road. And it can be a
at night or in the early morning in valley
major hazard.
and low, marshy areas. You can be
When you drive into a fog patch, your
suddenly enveloped in thick, wet haze
visibility will be reduced quickly. The
that may even coat your windshield.You
biggest dangers are striking the vehicle
can often spot these fog patchesor mist
ahead or being struck by the one
layers with your headlights. But
behind. Try to “read” the fog density
sometimes they can be waiting foryou
down the road. If the vehicle ahead
as you come over a hillor dip into a
starts to become lessclear or, at night, if shallow valley. Start your windshield
the taillightsare harder to see, the fog is wipers and washer to helpclear
probably thickening. Slow down to give accumulated road dirt. Slow down
traffic behindyou a chance to slow
carefully.
down.
I48
If you get caught in fog, turn your
headlights on lowbeam, even in
daytime. You’ll see-and be
seen-better.
Don’t use your high beams. The light
will bounce off the water droplets that
make up fog and reflect back at you.
Use your defogger. In high humidity,
even a light buildupof moisture on the
inside of the glass will cut down on your
already limited visibility.Run your
windshield wipers and washer
occasionally. Moisturecan build up on
the outside glass, and what seems to be
fog may actually be moisture on the
outside of your windshield.
Treat dense fog as an emergency. Try to
find a placeto pull off the road. Of
course you want to respect another’s
property, but you might need to put
City Driving
something between you and moving
vehicles-space, trees, telephone poles,
a private driveway, anything that
removes you from other traffic.
zf visibility is near zero and you must
stop but are unsure whether you are
away from the road, turn your lights on,
start your hazard warningflashers, and
sound yourhorn at intervals or when
you hear approaching traffic.
Pass other vehicles in fog only if you
can see far enough ahead to pass safely.
Even then, be prepared to delay your
pass if you suspect the fog is worse up
ahead. If other vehicles try to pass you,
make it easy for them.
One of the biggest problems with city
streets is the amount of traffic on them.
You’ll want to watch out for whatthe
other drivers are doing and pay attention
to traffic signals.
Here are ways to increase your safety in
city driving:
Know the best way to get to where you
are going. Try not to drive around
trying to pick out a familiar streetor
landmark. Get a city map and plan
your trip into an unknown partof the
city just as you would for a crosscountry trip.
Try to use the freeways that rim and
crisscross most large cities. You’ll save
time and energy. (Seethe next section,
Freeway Driving.)
Treat a green light as a warning
signal. A traffic light is there because
the corner is busy enough to need it.
When a light turns green, and just
before you start to move, check both
ways for vehicles that have notcleared
the intersection or may be running the
red light.
Obey all posted speed limits. But
remember that they are for ideal road,
weather and visibility conditions. You
may need to drive below the posted
limit in bad weather or when visibility
is especially poor.
Pull to the right (with care) and stop
clear of intersections whenyou see or
hear emergency vehicles.
I49
B
I
B
Your Driving and the Road
Freeway Driving
Entering the Freeway
Driving on fhe Freeway
Mile for mile, freeways(also called
thruways, parkways, expressways,
turnpikes, or superhighways) are the
safest of all roads. But they havetheir
own special rules.
The most importantadvice on freeway
driving is: Keep up with traffic and keep
to the right. Drive at the same speed
most of the other drivers are driving.
Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks a
smooth traffic flow. Treatthe left lane
on a freeway as a passing lane.
At the entrance there is usually a ramp
that leads tothe freeway. If you have a
clear view of the freeway as you drive
along the entrance ramp, you should
begin to check traffic. Try todetermine
where you expect to blend withthe flow.
If traffic is light, you may have no
problem. But if it is heavy, find a gapas
you move along the entering lane and
time your approach. Try to merge into
the gap at close to the prevailing speed.
Switch on your turn signal, check your
rearview mirrors as you move along,
and glance over your shoulder as often
as necessary. Try to blend smoothly
with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust
your speed to the posted limitor to the
prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay in the
right lane unless you want to pass.
If you are on a two-lane freeway, treat
the right lane as the slow lane and the
left lane as the passing lane. If youare
on a three-lanefreeway, treat the right
lane as the slower-speed through lane,
the middle lane as the higher-speed
through lane, and the left lane as the
passing lane.
Before changing lanes,check your
rearview mirrors. Then use your turn
signal. Just beforeyou leave the lane,
glance quickly over your shoulder to
make sure there isn’t another vehicle in
your “blind” spot.
... I50
Leaving the Freeway
If you are moving from an outside to a
center lane on a freeway havingmore
than two lanes, make sure another
vehicle isn’t about to move into the same
spot. Look at the vehicles two lanes
over and watch for telltale signs:turn
signals flashing, an increase in speed, or
moving toward the edge of the lane. Be
prepared to delay your move.
Once you are moving on the freeway,
make certain you allow a reasonable
following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway,
move to the proper lane well in advance.
Dashing across lanes at the last minute
is dangerous. If you m i s s your exit do
not, under any circumstances, stop and
back up. Drive on to the next exit.
At each exit point is a deceleration lane.
Ideally it should be long enough for you
to enter it at freeway speed (after
signaling, of course) and then do your
braking before movingonto the exit
ramp. Unfortunately, not all deceleration
lanes are long enough-some are too
short for all the braking. Decide when
to start braking. If you must brakeon
the through lane, and if there is traffic
close behind you, you can allow a little
extra time and flash your brake lights (in
addition to yourturn signal) as extra
warning that you are about to slow
down and exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes
quite sharply. The exit speed is usually
posted. Reduce your speed according to
your speedometer, notto your sense of
motion. After driving for any distance at
higher speeds, you may tend to think
you are going slower thanyou actually
are. For example, 40 mph (65 km/h)
might seem like only 20 mph (30 km/h).
Obviously, this could lead toserious
trouble on a ramp designedfor 20 mph
(30 km/h)!
I51
Your Driving and the Road
Driving a Long Distance
Before Leaving ona Long Trip
Although most longtrips today are
made on freeways, there are still many
made on regular highways.
Long-distance driving on freeways and
regular highways is the same in some
ways. The trip has to be planned and the
vehicle prepared, you drive at higherthan-city speeds, and there are longer
turns behind the wheel. You’ll enjoy
your trip more if you and your vehicle
are in good shape. Hereare some tips
for a successful long trip.
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well Here
are some things you can check
rested. If you must start when you’re not before a trip:
fresh-such as after a day’s work-don’t
Windshield Washer Fluid:Is the
plan to make too many miles thatfirst
reservoir full? Are all windows clean
part of the journey. Wear comfortable
inside and outside?
clothing and shoes you can easily drive
Wiper Blades: Are they in good
in.
shape?
Is your vehicle ready fora long trip? If
Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids:
you keep it serviced and maintained, it’s Have you checked all levels?
ready to go. If it needs service, have it
Lights: Are they all working? Are the
done before starting out. Of course,
lenses clean?
you’ll find experienced and able service
Tires: They are vitally important toa
experts in Chevrolet dealerships all
safe, trouble-free trip.Is the tread
across North America. They’ll be ready
good enough for long-distance
and willing to help if you needit.
driving? Are the tires all inflated to
the recommended pressure?
Weather Forecasts: What’s the
weather outlook along your route?
Should you delay your trip a short
time to avoida major storm system?
Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
I’
On the Road
Highway Hypnosis
Unless you are the only driver, it is
good to share the driving task with
others. Limit turns behind the wheel to
about 100 miles (160 km) or two hours
at a sitting. Then, either change drivers
or stop for some refreshment like coffee,
tea or soft drinks and some limbering
up. But do stop and move around. Eat
lightly along the way. Heavier meals
tend to make some people sleepy.
On two-lane highwaysor undivided
multilane highways that do not have
controlled access, you’ll want to watch
for some situations not usually foundon
freeways. Examples are: stop signs and
signals, shopping centers with direct
access to the highway, no passing zones
and school zones, vehicles turning left
and right off the road, pedestrians,
cyclists, parked vehicles, and even
animals.
Is there actually such acondition as
Keep your eyes moving.Scan the road
“highway hypnosis”? Or is it just plain
ahead and to the sides.Check your
falling asleep at the wheel? Call it
rearview mirrors frequently and your
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or
instruments from time to time. This
whatever.
can help you avoid a fixed stare.
There is something about an easy stretch Wear good sunglasses inbright light.
of road with the same scenery, along
Glare can cause drowsiness. But don’t
with the hum of the tires on the road,
wear sunglasses at night. They will
the drone of the engine, and the rush of
drastically reduce your overall vision
the wind against the vehicle that can
at the very time you need all the
seeing poweryou have.
make you sleepy. Don’t let it happen to
you! If it does, your vehiclecan leave
If you get sleepy, pull off the road into
the road in less than a second, and you
a rest, service, or parking area and
could crash and be injured.
take a nap, getsome exercise, or both.
For safety, treat drowsiness on the
What can you do about highway
highway as an emergency.
hypnosis? First, be aware that itcan
happen.
As in any driving situation, keep pace
Then here are some tips:
with traffic and allow adequate
following distances.
Make sure your vehicle is well
ventilated, with a comfortably cool
interior.
L
Your Driving and the Road
”-
.
Hill and Mountain Roads
Driving on steep hills or mountains is
different fromdriving in flat or rolling
terrain. If you drive regularly in steep
country, or if you’re planning to visit
there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
Keep your vehicle in good shape.
Check all fluid levels andalso the
brakes, tires, cooling system and
transaxle. These parts can work hard
on mountain roads.
Know how to go down hills. The most
important thing to knowis this: let
your engine do some of the slowing
down. Don’t make your brakes do it
all. Shift to a lowergear when you go
down a steepor long hill. That way,
you will slow down without excessive
use of your brakes.
‘ II 54
m m m
r
If you don’t shift down, your
brakes could getso hot that
they wouldn’t work well. You
would then havepoor braking or
even none going down a hill. You
could crash. Shift down to let your
engine assist your brakes on a
steep downhill slope.
Coasting downhill in
N (Neutral) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your
brakes willhave to do all the work
of slowing down. They could get
so hot that they wouldn’t work
well. You could crash. Always
have your engine running and your
vehicle in gear when you go
downhill.
~
Know how to go uphill. Youmay want
to shift down to a lower gear.The
lower gears help cool your engine and
transaxle, and you can climb the hill
better.
Stay in your own lane when driving on
two-lane roadsin hills or mountains.
Don’t swing wide or cut across the
center of the road. Drive at speeds that
let you stay in your own lane. That
way, you won’t be surprised by a
vehicle coming towardyou in the
same lane.
It takes longer to passanother vehicle
when you’re going uphill.You’ll want
to leave extra room to pass.If a
vehicle is passing you and doesn’t have
enough room, slow down to make it
easier for the other vehicle to get by.
Parking on Hills
As you go over the top of a hill, be
alert. There could be something in
your lane, like a stalled caror an
accident.
You may see highway signs on
mountains that warn of special
problems. Examples are long grades,
passing or no passing zones, a falling
rocks area, or winding roads. Be alert
to these andtake appropriate action.
Winter driving can present special
problems. See the Index under Winter
Driving.
Parking Downhill
Hills and mountains meanspectacular
Turn your wheels tothe right.
scenery. But please be careful where you You don’t have tojam your tires against
stop if you decide to look at the view or the curb, if there is a curb. A gentle
take pictures. Look for pull-offs or
contact is allyou need.
parking areas provided for scenic
viewing.
Another part of this manual tells how to
use your parking brake(see the Index
under Parking Brake). But on a
mountain or steep hill, you can do one
more thing. You can turn your front
wheels to keep your vehicle from rolling
downhill or out into traffic.
Here’s how:
I55
Your Driving and the Road
i.
Parking on HiNs (COM:)
Parking Uphill
If there is a curb, turn your wheels to
the left if the curb is at the right side of
your vehicle.
If you’re going uphill on a one-way
street and you’re parkingon the left
side, your wheels should point to the
right.
If there is no curb when you’re parking
uphill, turn the wheels to the right.
If there is no curb when you’re parking
uphill on the left side of a one-way
street, your wheels should be turned to
the left.
Torque Lock
(AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE)
Winter Driving
If you are parking on a hill and you
Here are some tips for winter driving:
don’t shift your transaxle into P (Park)
properly, the weight of the vehicle may
Have your Chevrolet in good shape for
put too much force on the parking pawl
winter. Be sure your engine coolant
in the transaxle. You may find it difficult
mix is correct.
to pull the shift lever out of P (Park).
Snow tires can help in loose snow, but
This is called “torque lock.” To prevent
they may give you less traction on ice
torque lock, always be sure to shift into
than regular tires. If you do not expect
P (Park) properly before you leave the
to be driving in deep snow, but may
driver’s seat. To find out how, see the
have to travel over ice, you may not
Index under Shiftirtg Into P (Park),
want to switch to snowtires at all.
When you are ready to drive, move the
shift leverout of P (Park) before you
release the parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need
to have another vehicle push yours a
little uphill to take some of the pressure
from the transaxle, so you can pull the
shift lever out of P (Park).
You may want to put winter
emergency supplies in your trunk or
rear area.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush
or broom, a supply of windshield
washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a
red cloth, and a couple of reflective
warning triangles. And, if you will be
driving under severe conditions,
include a small bagof sand, a piece of
old carpet or a couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you
properly secure these items in your
vehicle.
I57
Your Driving and the Road
Driving onSnow or /ce
Most of the time, those placeswhere
your tires meet the road probably have
good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice
between your tires and the road, you can
have a very slippery situation. You’ll
have a lot less traction or “grip” and
will need to be very careful.
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet
ice.” Very cold snow or ice can be slick
and hard to drive on. But wet ice can be
even more trouble because it may offer
the least traction of all. You can get
“wet ice” when it’s about freezing
(32°F; OOC) and freezing rain begins to
fall. Try to avoid driving on wet ice
until salt and sand crews can getthere.
... I58
Whatever the condition-smooth ice,
packed, blowing or loose snow-drive
with caution. Accelerate gently. Try not
to break the fragile traction. If you
accelerate too fast, the drive wheels will
spin and polish the surface under the
tires even more.
Your anti-lock brakes inlprove your
ability to make a hard stop on a slippery
road. Even though you have the antilock braking system, you’ll want to
begin stopping sooner than you would
on dry pavement. See the Index under
Anti-Lock Bruke System.
Allow greater following distance on
any slippery road.
9 Watch for slippery spots. The road
might be fine until you hit a spot that’s
covered with ice. On an otherwise
clear road, ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t
reach: around clumps of trees, behind
buildings, or under bridges.
Sometimes the surfaceof a curve or
an overpass may remain icy when the
surrounding roads are clear. If you see
a patch of ice ahead of you, brake
before you are on it. Try not to brake
while you’re actually on theice, and
avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
I
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you
could be in a serious situation. You
should probably stay with your vehicle
unless you know for sure that you are
near help and you can hike through the
snow. Here are some things to do to
summon help and keep yourself and
your passengers safe:
Turn on your hazard flashers.
Tie a red cloth to your vehicle toalert
police that you’ve been stopped by the
snow.
A
Put on extra clothing or wrap a
blanket around you. If you have no
blankets or extra clothing, make body
insulators from newspapers, burlap
bags, rags, floor mats-anything you
can wrap around yourselfor tuck
under your clothing to keepwarm.
You can run the engine to keepwarm,
but be careful.
-C
L
a
Snow can trap exhaust gases
L under your vehicle.This can
cause deadly CO (carbon
monoxide) gas to get inside.CO
could overcome you and kill you.
You can’t see it or smell it, so you
might not know it was in your
vehicle. Clear away snow from
around the base of your vehicle,
especially any that is bloclng your
exhaust pipe. And check around
again from time to time to besure
snow doesn’t collectthere.
Open a window just a little on the
side of the vehicle that’saway from
the wind. This will help keep CO
out.
Your Driving and the Road
If You're Stuck inDeep Snow
lf bu're Caught ina B l i n d
(CONT)
Run your engine only as longas you
must, This saves fuel. When you run
the engine, make it goa little faster
than just idle. That is, push the
accelerator slightly. This uses less fuel
for the heat that you get and
it keeps
the battery charged. You will need a
well-charged battery to restart the
vehicle, and possibly for signaling
later on with your headlights. Let the
heater run for a while.
Then, shut the engineoff and close
the window almost all the way to
preserve the heat. Start the engine
again and repeat this only when you
feel really uncomfortable from the
cold. But do it as little as possible.
Preserve the fuelas long as you can.
To help keep warm,you can get outof
the vehicle and do some fairly
vigorous exercises every half-houror
so until help comes.
This manual explainshow to get the
vehicle out of deep snow without
damaging it. See theIndex under
Rocking Your Ehicle.
Towing a nailer
Your Cavalier is neither designed nor
intended to tow a trailer.
Notes
162
Part
5
Problems on the Road
H e r e you’ll find what to do about
some problems that can occur on
the road.
Hazard Warning Flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .164
Jumpstarting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6 4
Towing Your Chevrolet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .169
Engine Overheating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,174
If a Tire Goes Flat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .184
ChangingaFlatTire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
.191
ComDact Spare Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.192
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I63
Problems on the Road
-<.'
I
X600!
Jump Starling
Hazard Warning Flashers
Your hazard warning flashers let you
warn others. They also let police know
you have a problem. Your front and rear
turn signal lights will flash on and off.
Move the switch to the right to make
your front and rear turn signal lights
flash on and off.
Your hazard warning flashers work no
matter what position your key is in, and
even if the key isn't in.
To turn off the flashers, move the switch
to the left.
When the hazard warning flashers are
on, your turn signals won't work.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can
set one up atthe side of the road about
300 feet (100 m) behind your vehicle.
If your battery has rundown, you may
want to use another vehicle andsome
jumper cables to start your Chevrolet.
But please follow the steps here to do it
safely.
Batteries can hurt you. They
b can be dangerous because:
They contain acid that can burn
you.
They contain gas that can
explode or ignite.
They contain enough electricity
to burn you.
If you don’t follow these steps
exactly, some or all of these things
can hurt you.
-
Ignoring these steps could result in
costly damage to your vehicle that
wouldn’tbeweredby
your
warranty.
Trying to st yourChevrolet by
pushing or pulling it could damage
your vehicle, even if you have
a
manual transaxle. And if you ha--an automatic transaxle, it won’t
start that way.
To Jump Start Your Chevrolet:
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have
a 12-volt battery with a negative
ground system.
NOTICE
I
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt
system with a negativeground,
both vehiclescan be damaged.
I65
...
Problems on the Road
Jump Starting (CONT:)
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the
jumper cables can reach, but be sure
the vehicles aren’t touching each
other. If they are, it could cause a
ground connection you don’t want.
You wouldn’t be able tostart your
Chevrolet, and the bad grounding
could damage the electrical systems.
You could be injured if the
vehicles roll. Set the parking
brake firmly on each vehicle. Put
an automatic transaxle inP (Park)
or a manual transaxlein N (Neutral).
A
I
4. Open the hoods and locate the
batteries.
vehicles. Turn off all lights that aren’t
needed, and radios. This will avoid
sparks and help save both batteries.
And it could save your radio!
An electric fancan start up
even when the engine is not
running and can injure you. Keep
If you leave your radio on, it could
be badly damaged. The repairs
wouldn’t be covered by youwarranty.
Find the positive (+) and negative
(-) terminals on each battery.
3. Turn off the ignition on both
I
1
II
Using a match near abattery
can cause battery gas to
explode. People have been hurt
doing this, and some have been
blinded. Use a flashlight ifyou
need more light.
Be sure the batteries have enough
water. You don’t need to add water
to the Delco Freedom@battery
installed in everynew GM vehicle.
But if a battery hasfiller caps, be
sure the right amount of fluid is
there. If it is low, add water totake
care of that first. If you don’t,
explosive gas couldbe present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can
burn you. Don’t get it on you. If
you accidentally get it in your eyes
or on your skin, flush the place
with water and get medical help
immediately.
5. Check that thejumper cables don’t
have loose or missing insulation. If
they do, you could get a shock. The
vehicles could bedamaged, too.
Before you connect the cables, here are
some things you should know. Positive
(+) will go to positive (+) and negative
(-) will go to negative (-) or a metal
engine part.
Don’t connect (+) to (-) or you’ll get a
short that would damage the battery and
maybe other parts, too.
Fans or other moving engine
4
parts can injure you badly.
Keep your hands awayfrom
moving parts once the enginesare
running.
167
Problems on the Road
Jump Starting (conrr.)
6. Connect the red positive (+) cable to
the positive (+) terminal of the
vehicle withthe dead battery.
Use a remote positive(+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
7. Don’t let the other end touch metal.
Connect it tothe positive (+)
terminal of the good battery.
Use a remote positive(+) terminal if
the vehicle hasone.
6. Now connect the black negative (-)
cable to the good battery’s negative
(-) terminal.
Don’t let the other end touch anything
until the next step. The other end of the
negative cable doesn’t go to the dead
battery. It goes to aheavy unpainted
metal part on the engine of the vehicle
with the dead battery.
9. Attach the cable at least 18 inches
(45 cm) away from the dead battery,
but not near engine parts that move.
The electrical connection is just as
good there, but the chance of sparks
getting back tothe battery is much
less.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good
battery and runthe engine for a
while.
11. Try to startthe vehicle withthe
dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it
probablv needs service.
I
Towing Your Chevrolet
12. Remove the cables in reverse order
to prevent electrical shorting. Take
care that they don't touch eachother
or any other metal.
Try to have a GM dealer or a
professional towing service tow your
Chevrolet. The usual towing equipment
is:
(A) Sling-type tow truck
(B) Wheel-lift tow truck
(C)Car carrier
If your vehicle has been changedor
modified since it was factory-new by
adding aftermarket items likefog lamps,
aero skirting, or special tires and
wheels, these instructions and
illustrations may not be correct.
Before you do anything, turn on the
hazard warning flashers.
When you call, tell the towing service:
That your vehicle can only be towed
with certain equipment, as described
later in this section.
That your vehicle has front-wheel
drive.
The make, model, and yearof your
vehicle.
Whether you can still move the shift
lever.
If there was an accident, what was
damaged.
When the towing servicearrives, let the
tow operator know that this manual
contains detailed towing instructions and
illustrations.
The operator may want to see them.
I69
Problems on the Road
bwing Your Chevrolet(CONI)
To help avoid injury to you or
lers:
a Never let passengers ride in a
vehicle that is being towed.
a Never tow fasterthan safe or
posted speeds.
* Never tow withdamaged parts
not fully secured.
* Never get under your vehicle after
it has been liftedby the tow truck.
* Always use separate safety
chains on each side when towing
a vehicle.
Never use “J” hooks. Use Thooks instead.
m m m
170
p-AU I IUN
the ignition key off. The steering wheel
should be clamped in a straight-ahead
position, with a clamping device designed
for towing service. Do not use the
vehicle’s steering column lockfor this.
The transaxle should bein Neutral, and
the parking brake released.
Don’t have your vehicle towed on the
front wheels, unless you must. If the
vehicle must be towed the
onfront wheels,
don’t go more than 35 mph (56 km/h) or
farther than 50 miles (80 km) or your
transaxle will be damaged. If these
limits must be exceeded, thenthe front
wheels have to be supported on a dolly.
A
A vehicle can fall from acar
carrier if it isn’t properly
secured. This can cause a
collision, serious personal injury
and vehicle damage.The vehicle
should be tightly secured with
chains or steel cables before it is
transported.
Don’t use substitutes (ropes,
leather straps, canvas webbing,
etc.) that can be cut by sharp edges
underneath the towed vehicle.
I
Towing from the FrontVehicle Hook-Up
Before hooking up to a tow truck, be
sure to read all the information in
Towing Your Chevrolet earlier in this
section.
1. Attach T-hook chains into the slots in
the bottom of the floor pan, just
behind the front wheels, on both
sides.
I
D
m
Do not tow with sling-type
equipment or fascia damage will
occur. Use wheellift or car carrier
equipment. Additional ramping
may be required for car carrier
equipment. Use safety chains and
wheel straps.
I
I
When using wheel-lift equipmen1
towing over rough surfaces can
damage a vehicle. To help avoid
this, install a towing dolly beneath
the wheels that would otherwise be
on the ground during thetow. This
will increase clearance between the
wheel-lift equipment andthe
underbody of the towed vehicle.
Problems on the Road
Towing from the FrontVehicle Hook-Up (CONT.)
Towing from the RearVehicle Hook-Up
2. Attach a separate safety chain around Before hooking up to a towtruck, be
sure to read all the information in
the outboard endof each lower
Towing Your Chevrolet earlier in this
control arm.
section. Also be sure to use the proper
hook-up for yourparticular vehicle.
All Models:
1. Attach T-hook chainson both sides in
the slotted holesin the bottom of the
frame rail just ahead of the rear
wheels.
I 72
2. Position lower slingcrossbar directly
under the rear bumper.
2-24 Model:
All Models:
NOTICE
m e n using.w~&l-liftequipment,
towing over rough surfices can
damage a vehicle. To help avoid
this, install a towing dolly beneath
the wheels that would otherwise be
on the ground during the tow. This
will increase clearance between the
wheel-lift equipment and the
underbody of the towed vehicle.
I
I
3. Attach a separate safety chain to each
side of the axle inboardof the spring.
Problems on the Road
7
Engine Overheating
If Steam is Corning from Your Engine
You will find a coolant temperature gage
on your Chevrclet's instrument panel.
If your engine catchesfire because
you keep driving withno coolant,
yourvehiclecanbebadly
: z
damaged. The costly repairs w o u f.>*~ , ~
not be covered by your warranty.
i
<*
= =
174
A
Steam from an overheated
engine can burn you badly,
even if youjust open thehood. Stay
away from the engineif you see or
hear steam coming from it. Just
turn it off and get everyone away
from the vehicle until it cools
down.
Wait until there is no sign of steam
or coolant before openingthe hood.
If you keep driving when your
engine is overheated,the liquids in
it can catch fire.You or others
could be badly burned. Stop your
engine if it overheats, and get out
of the vehicle until the engineis
cool.
If No S t e m is Coming from Your
Engine:
If you get the overheat warning butsee
or hear no steam, the problem may not
be too serious. Sometimes the engine
can get alittle too hot when you:
Climb a long hillon a hot day.
Stop after high speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
If you get the overheat warning with no
sign of steam, try this for a minute or so:
1. If you have an air conditioner, turn it
off.
2. Turn on your heaterto full hot at the
highest fan speed and open the
window as necessary.
3.Try to keep your engine under load
(in a drive gear where the engine
runs slower).
If you no longer have the overheat
warning, you can drive. Just to be safe,
drive slower for about ten minutes. If
the warning doesn’tcome back on, you
can drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop,
and park your vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, you can
idle the engine for twoor three minutes
while you’re parked, to seeif the
warning stops. But then, if you still have
the warning, TURN OFF THE
ENGINE AND GET EVERYONE
OUT OF THE VEHICLE until it cools
down.
You may decide not to lift the hood but
to get service help right away.
If you have a 2.2L L4 engine, your
engine coolant system will have a
coolant recovery tank. If you have a 3.1L
V6 engine, your engine coolant system
will have a coolant surge tank.
There are important differences between
these two cooling systems. Read this
section carefully.
Cooling System-2.2L LA Engine
When you decide it’s safe to lift the
hood, here’s what you’ll see:
(A) Coolant recovery tank
(B)Radiator pressure cap
(C)Electric engine fan
a
An electric fan under the hood
L can start up even when the
engine is not running and can injure
you. Keep hands, clothing and tools
away from any underhood electrich.
If the coolant inside the coolant
recovery tank is boiling, don’t do
anything else until it cools down.
I75
Problems on the Road
Engine Overheating(CONT.)
The coolant level should be at or above
FULL COLD. If it isn't, you may have
a leak in the radiator hoses, heater
hoses, radiator, water pumpor
somewhere else in the cooling system.
II
L
Engine damage from runningyour
engine without coolant isn't
covered by your warranty.
I . .
I76
Cooling System-3.1L V6 Engine
When you decide it's safe to lift the
hood, here's what you'll see:
(A) Coolant surgetank with pressure cap
(B) Electric engine fan
Heater and radiator hoses, and
other engine parts, can be
very hot. Don't touch them. If you
do, you can be burned.
Don't run the engine if there is a
leak. If you run the engine, it
could lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, and you could
be burned. Get any leak fixed
before you drive the vehicle.
An electric fan under the hood
L can start up even whenthe
engine is not runningand can injl
you. Keep hands, clothingand tows
away h m any underhood electric
f8n.
I
If the coolant inside the coolant surge
tank is boiling, don't do anything else
until it cools down.
I
The coolant level should be ator above
FULL COLD. If it isn’t, you may have
a leak in the radiator hoses, heater
hoses,radiator,water pump or ’
somewhere else in the cooling system.
,
Heater and radiator hoses, and
-b other engine parts, can be
very hot. Don’t touch them. If you
do, you can be burned.
Don’t run the engineif there is a
leak. If you run the engine, it
could lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, andyou could
be burned. Get any leak fixed
before you drive the vehicle.
Both Engines:
If there seems to beno leak, check to
see if the electric engine fan is running.
If the engine is overheating, thefan
should be running. Ifit isn’t, your
vehicle needs service.
I77
I . .
Problems on the Road
Engine Overheating (CONT.)
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Recovery Tank (or the Coolant Surge
Tank):
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but
the coolant level isn’t at or above FULL
COLD, add a 50/50 mixture of clean
water (preferably distilled) and a proper
antifreeze at the coolant recovery tank
(or coolant surge tank). If you have the
coolant surge tank, besure the cooling
system, including the coolant surge tank
pressure cap, is cool beforeyou do it.
See How To Add Coolant to the 2.2L L4
Engirze at the Radiator or How to Add
Coolant to the 3.1L V4 Engine ut the
Coolant Surge Tank later in this section.
m
m
m
I78
A
Adding only plain water to
your cooling system can be
dangerous. Plain water, or some
other liquid like alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mix will.
Your vehicle’s coolant warning
system is set for the proper cool an^
mix. With plain wateror the
wrong mix, your enginecould get
too hot but you wouldn’t getthe
overheat warning, Your engine
could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50150 mix
of clean water and a proper
antifreeze.
In cold weather, water can freezt
and crack the engine, radiator,
heater core and other parts Ise
the recommended coolant.
A
You can be burned if you spill
coolant on hot engine parts.
Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn ifthe engine parts
are hot enough. Don't spill coolant
on a hot engine.
When the coolant in the coolant
recovery tank (or coolant surge tank) is
at or above FULL COLD, start your
vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues,
there's one more thing you can try if you
have a 2.2L L4 engine. You can add the
proper coolant mix directly to the
radiator, but be sure the cooling system
is cool before you do it.
A
I
Steam and scalding liquids
from a hot cooling system can
blow out and burn you badly. They
are under pressure, and if you turn
the radiator (or coolant surge tank)
pressure cap-even a little-they
can come out at high speed. Never
turn the cap when the cooling
system, including the radiator (or
coolant surge tank) pressure cap,is
hot. Wait for the cooling system
and radiator (or coolant surge tank)
pressure cap to cool if you ever
have to turn the pressure cap.
I 79
II . .
Problems on the Road
Engine Overheating (CONE)
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap,
How to Add Coolant to the 2.2L LA
butnowpushdown as you turn it.
EngineattheRadiator:
.
Remove the pressure cap.
1. You can remove the radiator pressure
cap when the cooling system,
including the radiator pressure cap
and upper radiator hose,is no longer
hot. Turn the pressurecap slowly to
the left until it first stops. (Don’t
press down while turning the
pressure cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait for thatto stop.
A hiss means there is still some pressure
left.
= =
180
3. Fill the radiator with the proper mix,
upto the base of thefillerneck.
4. Then fill the coolant recovery tank to
FULL COLD.
5. Put the cap back on the coolant
recovery tank, but leave the radiator
pressure cap off.
6. Start the engine and letit run until
you can feel the upper radiator hose
getting hot. Watch out for the engine
fan.
7. By this time, the coolant level inside
the radiator filler neck may be lower.
If the level is lower, add moreof the
proper mix through the filler neck
until the level reaches the baseof the
filler neck.
I81
Problems on the Road
Engine Overheating (CONT)
8. Then replace the pressure cap. Be
sure the arrows on the pressure cap
line up like this.
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap,
How to Add Coolant to the3.lL V6
but now push down as you turn it.
Engine at the Coolant Surge Tank:
Remove the pressure cap.
1. You can remove the coolant surge
tank pressure cap when the cooling
system, including the coolant surge
tank pressure cap and upper radiator
hose, is no longer hot. Turn the
pressure cap slowlyto the left until it
first stops. (Don’t press down while
turning the pressure cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait for thatto stop.
A hiss means there is still some pressure
left.
3.Fill the coolant surge tank withthe
proper mix, up to FULL COLD.
4. With the coolant surge tank pressure
cap off, start the engine and letit run
until you can feel the upper radiator
hose getting hot. Watch out for the
engine fan.
By this time, the coolant level inside the
coolant surge tank may be lower. If the
level is lower, add more of the proper
mix to the coolant surge tank until the
level reaches FULL COLD.
5. Then replace the pressure cap. Be
sure the arrows on the pressure cap
line up like this.
I83
...
Problems on the Road
Changing a Flat Tire
Zf a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out”
while you’re driving, especially if you
maintain your tires properly.If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to
leak out slowly. But ifyou should ever
have a “blowout,” here are a few tips
about what to expect and what todo:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will
create a drag that pullsthe vehicle
toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering
wheel firmly. Steer to maintain lane
position, then gently braketo a stop well
out of the traffic lane.
I84
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve,
acts much like a skid and may require
the same correction you’d use in a skid.
In any rear blowout, remove your foot
from the accelerator pedal. Get the
vehicle under control by steering the
way you want the vehicle to go. Itmay
be very bumpy and noisy, but you can
still steer. Gently braketo a stop, well
off the road if possible.
If your tire goes flat, the next section
shows how to use yourjacking
equipment to changea flat tire safely.
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and
wheel damage by driving slowly toa
level place. Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
1
I
I
Changing a tire can cause an injury. The vehicle can slip off the jack and
roll over you or other people. You and they could be badly injured. Find
a level place to change yourtire. To help prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put the shift lever in P (Park).
3. Shift a manual transaxle to 1 (First) or R (Reverse).
4. Turn off the engine.
The following steps will tell you how to
use the jack and changea tire.
The eqclipment you’ll need is in the
trunk or rear area.
To be even more certain the vehicle won’t move, you can put chocks at the
front and rear of the tire farthest away from the one being changed. That
would be the tire on the other side of the vehicle, at the opposite end.
I85
Problems on the R
Changing a Flat Tire (CONT:)
.
1 Pull the carpeting from the floor of
the trunk or rear area.
2. Turn the center retainer nuton the
compact spare tire housing
counterclockwise to remove it, then
lift the tire cover. You will find the
jacking instructions label on the
underside of the tire cover.
... Ia6
3. If your vehicle is equipped with a
spare tire housing lid hook, pull the
front of the lid up and hook it to the
rear upper edgeof the trunk.
4. Remove the wing bolt securing the
compact spare tire, spacer and wheel
wrench by turning it counterclockwise.
Then lift off the spacer and remove
the spare tire.
5.Remove the bolt securing thejack by
turning it counterclockwise. Then
remove thejack.
6. Remove the band around the jack.
Turn the jack handle clockwise to
raise the jack head a few inches.
For 2-24 Models:
On 2-24 models, a cover plate must be
removed to find the wheel nuts. Remove
the cover plate using the flat end of a
wheel wrench.
7. Using the wheel wrench, remove the
plastic cap nuts and loosen all the
wheel nuts. Don’t remove the wheel
nuts yet.
I87
Problems on the Road
Changing a Flat Tire (CONT.)
8. Position the jack under the vehicle.
Raise the jack head until it fits firmly
into the notchin the vehicle’s frame
nearest the flattire. Do not raise the
vehicle yet. Put the compact spare
tire near you.
I
Getting under a vehicle when
it is jacked up is dangerous. If
the vehicie slipsoff the jack, you
could be badly injured or killed.
Never get under a vehicle when it
is supported onlyby a jack.
I88
Raising your vehicle withthe jack
improperly positioned will damage
the vehicle or may allow the
vehicle to fall off the jack. Be sure
to fit the jack lift head into the
proper location before raising your
vehicle.
II NOTICE
I
9. Raise the vehicle by rotating the
wheel wrench clockwise. Raise the
vehicle far enough offthe ground so
there is enough room forthe spare
tire to fit.
10. Remove allof the wheel nutsand, if
you have a wheel cover, use your
fingers to carefully pry the wheel
cover from the wheel. Then take off
the flat tire.
Ll
X5076
11. Remove any rust or dirt from the
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or
wheel bolts, mounting surfacesor
on the parts to which it is
spare wheel.
fastened, can make the wheel nuts
12. Place the spare on the wheel
become loose after a time.
The wheel
mounting surface.
could come off and cause an
accident. When you change a
CAUTION
wheel, remove any rustor dirt from
the places where the wheelattaches
Never use oil or grease on
to the vehicle. In an emergency,
studs or nuts. If you do, the
you can use acloth or a paper towel
nuts might come loose. Your wheel
to do this; but be sure to use a scraper could fall off, causing a serious
or wire brush later, if you need to,
accident.
to get all the rust or dirt off.
\
13. Replace the wheel nuts with the
rounded end of the nuts towardthe
wheel. Tighten each nut by hand
until the wheel is held against the
hub.
~
A
I89
Problems on the Road
Changing a Flat Tire (CONT)
14. Lower the vehicle by rotating the
wheel wrench counterclockwise.
Lower the jack completely.
15. Tighten the wheel nuts firmly in a
criss-cross sequence, as shown.
I
Incorrect wheel nutsor
1 L improperlytightenedwheel
nuts can cause the wheel to
become loose andeven come off.
This could lead to an accident. Be
sure to use the correct wheelnuts.
If you have to replace them, be
sure to get the right kind.
Stop somewhere as soon as you
can and have the nuts tightened
with a torque wrench to
100 pound-feet (140 Nom).
Compact Spare Tire
Don’t try to put a wheel cover on your
compact spare tire. It won’t fit. Store the
wheel cover and plasticcap nuts in the
trunk or rear area until you have the flat
tire repaired or replaced.
16. Store the flat tire in the compact
spare tire compartment, and secure
with the wing bolt and extension.
Store the jack and wheel wrench in
their compartment, also.
Although the compact spare was fully
inflated when your vehicle wasnew, it
can lose air after a time.Check the
inflation pressure regularly. It should be
60 psi (420 Wa). The compact spare is
made to go up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km),
M U I IVN
1 so you can finish yourtrip and have
your full-sizetire repaired or replaced
Storing ajack, a tire, or other
where you want. Of course, it’s best to
:quipment in the passenger
replace your spare with a full-sizetire as
compartment of the vehicle could
soon as you can. Your spare will last
cause injury. In a sudden stop or
longer and be in good shape in case you
collision, loose equipment could
need it again.
strike someone. Store all these in
Your anti-lock brake system warning
the proper place.
light may come on when you are driving
with a compact spare. See the Index
The compact spare is for temporary use under Anti-Lock Brake System Warning
only. Replace the compact spare tire
Light.
with a full-size tire as soon as you can.
See Compact Spare Tire next in this
section.
191
Problems on the Road
lf You're Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
lce or Snow
Compact Spare Tire(CONT.)
compact
;$ What you don't want to do when your
vehicle is stuck is to spin your wheels.
your vehicle and destroy thechains""'" The method known as "rocking" can
too. Don't use tire chains on your
help 'you get out when you're
stuck, but
compact spare.
you must use caution.
Tire
spare.
chains won't
hetm=! fit Using
your
Don't use your compact spare on some
other vehicle.
And don't mix your compactspare or
wheel with other wheels or tires. They
won't fit. Keep your spare and its wheel
together.
I92
If you let your tires spin at
high speed, they can explode
and you or others could be injured.
And, the transaxle or other parts of
the vehicle can overheat.That could
cause an engine compartment fire
or other damage. When you’re
stuck, spin the wheels as little as
possible. Don’t spin the wheels
above 35 mph (56 h / h ) as shown
on the speedometer.
-
Spinning your wheels can destroy
parts of your vehicleas well as the
tires. If you spin the wheels too
fast while shifting your transa:
back and forth, you can destroy
your transaxle.
-
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get it Out:
First, turn your steering wheel left and
right. That will clear the area around
your front wheels. Then shift back and
forth between R (Reverse) and a
forward gear, or with a manual
transaxle, between 1 (First) or 2 (Second)
gear and R (Reverse), spinning the
wheels as little as possible. Release the
accelerator pedal while you shift, and
press lightly on the accelerator pedal
when the transaxle is in gear. If that
doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you
may need to be towed out.
If you do need to be towed out, see the
Index under Towing Your Chevrolet.
I93
Notes
194
Part
6
Service & Appearance Care
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. .. . .. . .
. ..
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&5
~
H e r e you wit1 find information
about the care of your Chevrolet.
This part begins with service and
fuel information. and then it shows
how to check importantfluid and
lubricant levels. There is also
technical information about your
vehicle. and a section devoted to its
.
appearance care
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
197
HoodRelease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201
EngineOil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205
Aircleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
209
Transaxle Fluid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
211
Engine Coolant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216
Power Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Windshield Washer Fluid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223
BulbReplacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227
Loading Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229
Appearancecare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246
Add-on Electrical Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247
Fuses & Circuit Breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247
Capacities & Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250
Fluids & Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252
Replacement Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Engine Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255
Normal Maintenance ReplacementParts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256
I95
Service & Appearance Care
Service
Doing Your Own Service Work
Your Chevrolet dealer knows your
vehicle best and wants
you to be happy
with it. We hope you’ll go to your dealer
for all your service needs. You’ll get
genuine GM parts and GM-trained and
supported service people.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM
vehicle all GM. Genuine GM partshave
one of these marks.
If you want todo some of your own
service work, you’ll want to get the
proper Chevrolet Service Manual. It
tells you muchmore about how toservice
your Chevrolet than this manualcan. To
order the proper service manual, see the
Index under Service Publications.
You should keep a record withall parts
receipts andlist the mileage and the date
of any service work you perfom. See
the Index under Maintenance Record.
196
--
-
A You can be injured if you try
-
I
to do service work on a
vemcle without knowing enough
about it.
* Be s u e you have sufficient
knowledge, experience, aud the
proper replacement parts and
tools befare you attempt any
vehicle maintenance task.
Be sure to use the proper nuts,
bolts and other Edsteners.
“English” and “metric” fhsteflers
can be easily confbsed. If you
use the m n g fasteners, parts
can later break or fhll off. You
Fuel
If you try to do your own servic
work without knowing enough abot
it, your vehicle could bedamaged.
Use regular unleaded gasoline ratedat
87 octane or higher. It should meet
specifications ASTM D4814 in the U.S.
and CGSB 3.5-92 in Canada. These
fuels should have the proper additives,
so you should not have to add anything
to the fuel.
In the U.S. and Canada, it’s easy to be
sure you get the right kind of gasoline
(unleaded). You’ll see “UNLEADED”
right on the pump. And only unleaded
nozzles will fit into your vehicle’sfiller
neck.
Be sure the posted octane is at least 87.
If the octane is less than87, you may get
a heavy knocking noise when you drive.
If it’s bad enough, it can damage your
engine.
If you’re using fuel rated at87 octane or
higher and you still hear heavy
knocking, your engine needs service.
But don’t worry if you hear a little
pinging noise when you’re accelerating
or driving up a hill. That’s normal, and
you don’t have to buy a higher octane
fuel to get rid of pinging. It’s the heavy,
constant knockthat means you have a
problem.
Fuel Capacity: 15.2 U.S. Gallons (57.5 L).
Use unleaded fuel only.
I97
Service & Appearance Care
Gasolines for CleanerAir
Fuel (CONTI
What about gasoline with blending
materials that contain oxygen, suchas
MTBE or alcohol?
MTBE is “methyl tertiary-butyl
ether? Fuel that is no more than 15%
MTBE is fine for your vehicle.
Ethanol is ethyl or grain alcohol.
Properly-blended fuel that isno more
than 10%ethanol is fine for your
vehicle.
Methanol is methyl or wood alcohol.
I98
Fuel that is more than 5 %
methanol is bad for your vehicle.
Don’t use it. It can corrode metal
parts in your fuel system andalso
damage plasticand rubber parts.
That damage wouldn’tbe covered
under your warranty. And even at
5 % or less, there must be
“cosolvents” and corrosion
preventers in th he1 to:lpavoid
these problems.
- -
Your use of gasoline with detergent
additives will help prevent deposits from
forming in your engine and fuel system.
That helps keep your enginein tune and
your emission control system working
properly. It’s good for your vehicle, and
you’ll be doing your part forcleaner air.
Many gasolines are now blended with
materials called oxygenates. General
Motors recommends thatyou use
gasolines with these blending materials,
such as MTBE and ethanol. By doing
so, you can help clean the air, especially
in those parts of the country thathave
high carbon monoxide levels.
X
Fuels in Foreign Countries
In addition, some gasoline suppliers are
now producing reformulated gasolines.
These gasolines are specially designed
to reduce vehicle emissions. General
Motors recommends thatyou use
reformulated gasoline. By doing so, you
can help clean the air, especially in
those parts of the country thathave high
ozone levels.
You should ask your service station
operators if their gasolines contain
detergents and oxygenates, and if they
have been reformulated to reduce
vehicle emissions.
If you plan on driving in another
country outside theU.S. or Canada,
unleaded fuel may be hard to find.
Do not use leaded gasoline. If you use
even one tankful, your emission controls
won’t work well or at all. With
continuous use, spark plugs can get
fouled, the exhaust system cancorrode,
and your engineoil can deteriorate
quickly. Your vehicle’s oxygen sensor
will be damaged. All of that means
costly repairs that wouldn’t be covered
by your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto
club, or contact a major oil company
that does business in the country where
you’ll be driving.
You can also writeus at the following
address for advice. Just tell us where
you’re going and give your Vehicle
Identification Number (VIN).
General Motors of Canada Ltd.
International Export
Sales
P.O. Box 828
Oshawa, OntarioLEX 7Ni, Canada
I99
Service & Appearance Care
F
Filling Your lank
I
I
4Knu l”’”
Gasoline vaporis highly
flammable. It bums violently,
and that cancause very bad
injuries. Don’t smoke if you’re
ar gasoline or refueling your
hicle. Keep sparks, flames, and
loking materials away from
,,soline.
rhile refueling, hangthe cap inside the
le1 door.
-
The cap is behind a hingeddoor on the
right side of your vehicle.
To take off the cap, turnit slowly to the
left (counterclockwise).
If you get gasoline on you and
then something ignitesit, you
could be badly burned. Gasoline
can spray out on you if you open
the fuel filler cap too quickly. This
spray can happen if your tank is
nearly full, and is more likely in
hot weather. Open the fuel filler
cap slowly and wait for any “hiss”
noise to stop. Then unscrew the
cap all the way.
{hen you put the cap back on, turn it to
le right until you hear a clicking noise.
. . I
200
Checking Things Under
the Hood
The following sections tell you how to
check fluids, lubricants and important
parts underhood.
Hood Release
To open the hood, first pull theHOOD
handle inside the vehicle.
Then go to the front of the vehicleand
release the secondary hood release.
20 I
Service & Appearance Care
Hood Release (CONI)
Lift the hood, release the hood prop
from its retainer and put the hood prop
into the slot in the hood.
1
I
I
Things that burn can get on
L hot engine parts andstart a
me. These include liquids like
gasoline, oil, coolant, brake fluid,
windshield washer andother
fluids, and plastic or rubber. You
or others could be burned. Be
careful not to drop or spill things
that will burn ontoa hot engine.
An electric fan under the hood
can start up and injure you
even when the engine is not
running. Keep hands, clothing and
tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
b
Blefore closing the hood, be sure all the
fiiller caps are on properly. Then lift the
h ood to relieve pressureon the hood
Prop. Remove the hood prop from the
S:lot in the hood and return the prop to
it:s retainer. Then just let the hood down
and close it firmly.
. 202
2.21 L4 Engine (CODE 4)
d
56053
When you open the hood, you’ll see:
1. Engine Coolant Recovery Tank
2. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
3. Automatic Transaxle Fluid Dipstick
(if equipped)
4. Brake Fluid Reservoir
5. Hydraulic Clutch Fluid Reservoir
(if equipped)
6. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir
7. Battery
8 . Air Cleaner
9. Engine Oil Dipstick
IO. Engine Oil Fill Cap
1 1. Radiator Pressure Cap
203
Service & Appearance Care
'
3.11 V6 Engine (CODE T)
1
When you open the hood, you'll see:
1. Coolant Surge Tank
2. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
3.Automatic Transaxle Fluid Dipstick
(if equipped)
4. Brake Fluid Reservoir
5. Hydraulic Clutch Fluid Reservoir
(if equipped)
6. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir
7. Battery
8. Air Cleaner
9. Engine Oil FillCap
10. Engine Oil Dipstick
rn
204
Engine Oil
It’s a good idea to check your engine oil
level every time you get fuel. In order to
get an accurate reading, theoil must be
warm and the vehicle must be on level
ground.
Turn off the engine and give the oila
few minutes to drain back into the oil
pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick might
not show the actual level.
2.2L L4: Checking Engine Oil
To Check Engine Oil:
Pull out the dipstick and cleanit with a
paper towel or cloth, then push it back
in all the way. Remove it again, keeping
the tip lower.
3.1L V6: Checking Engine Oil
205
I..
Service & Appearance Care
Engine Oil (CONT.)
When to Add Oil: If the oil is at or
below the ADD line, then you’ll need to
add some oil. But you must use the right
kind. This section explains whatkind of
oil to use. For crankcase capacity, see
the Index under Capacities &
SpeciBcations.
2.2L L4: Adding Engine Oil
Look for Three Things:
SG
“SG” must be on the oil container,
either by itself or combined with other
quality designations, such as
“SG/CC,” “SG/CD,” “SF, SG, CC,”
etc. These letters show American
Petroleum Institute (API) levels of
quality.
1
Don’t add too muchoil. If your
engine has so much oil that the oil
level gets above the cross-hatched
area that shows the prope
operating range, yourengine could
be damaged.
i
Just fill it enough to put the level
somewhere in the proper operating
range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
=
=
206
What Kind of Oil to Use
i-¤
3.1L V6: Adding Engine Oil
If you use oils that don’t have
“SG” designation, you can cause
engine damage not covered
by your
warranty.
I
Engine Oil Additives
SAE 5W-30
Don't add anything to your oil. Your
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE Chevrolet dealer is ready to advise if
5W-30 is best for your vehicle.
you think something should be added.
However, you can use SAE 1OW-30 if
it's going to be0"F (-18"C)or above.
These numbers onan oil container show
its viscosity, or thickness. Do not use
other viscosity oils suchas SAE 1OW-40
or SAE 20W-50.
Energy Conserving II
Oils with these wordson the container
will help you save fuel.
This doughnut-shaped logo (symbol)is
used on most oil containers to helpyou
select the correct oil.
You should look for this on the oil
container, and useonly those oils that
display the logo.
GM Goodwrench@ Oil (in Canada,GM
Engine Oil) meets all the requirements
for your vehicle.
207
.
Service & Appearance Care
When to Change Engine Oil
See if any one of these is true for you:
Engine Block Heater
An engine block heater can be a big
Most trips are less than4 miles (6 km). help if you have to parkoutside in very
It’s below freezing outside and most cold weather, 0°F (-18°C) or colder. If
your vehicle has thisoption, see the
trips are less than 10 miles (16 km).
index under Engine Block Heater.
The engine is at low speed most of the
time (as in door-to-door delivery,or in
stop-and-go traffic).
Most trips arethrough dusty places.
If any one of these is true for your
vehicle, then you need to change your
oil and filter every 3,000 miles
(5 OOO km) or 3 months-whichever
comes first.
If none of them is true, change the oil
every 7,500 miles (12500 km) or 12
months-whichever comes first. Change
the filter at the first oil change andat
every other oil change afterthat.
208
What to Do with Used Oil
CAUTION
A
Used engine oil contains
things that have caused skin
cancer in laboratory animals.Don’t
let used oil stay on your skin for
very long. Clean your skin and
nails with soap and water,or a
good hand cleaner. Wash or
properly throw away clothing or
rags containing used engineoil.
Air Cleaner
Used oil can be a real threat to the
environment.
If you change your ownoil, be sure to
drain all free-flowing oil from the filter
before disposal.
Don’t ever disposeof oil by pouring it
on the ground, into sewers, or into
streams or bodies of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that
collects used oil. If you have a problem
properly disposing of your used oil, ask
your dealer, a service station or a local
recycling center for help.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to
determine when to replace theair filter.
See theIndex under Scheduled
Maintenance Services.
A
Opemting the engine with the
air cleaner off can cause you
nr others to be burned. The air
m e r not only cleans the air, it
stops flame if the engine backfires.
If it isn’t there, and the engine
backfires, you could be burned.
.Don’t drive with it off, and be
candid working on the engine with
the air cleaner off.
I
~~~~
NOTIC€
~~
If the air cleaneris off, a backfire
can cause a damaging engine fire.
And, dirt can easily get into your
engine, which will damage it.
Always have the air cleaner i~
place when you’re driving.
1
I
209
I
Service & Appearance Care
1 1 1
2.2L L4: Air Filter Replacement
3.1L V6 (Except 2-24): Air Filter
3.1L V6 (2-24): Air Filter
To check or replace the filter, remove
the two wing nuts and lift the cover.
Replacement
To check or replace the filter, remove
the three wing nuts and lift the cover.
Replacement
To check or replace the filter, unclip the
three clips andremove the cover.
210
Automaric Transaxle Fluid
When to Check and Change:
A good timeto check your automatic
transaxle fluid level is when the engine
oil is changed. Refer to the Maintenance
Schedule todetermine when to change
your fluid. See the Index under
Scheduled Maintenance Services.
How to Check:
Because this operation can be a little
difficult, you may choose to have this
done at a Chevrolet dealership Service
Department.
If you do it yourself, besure to follow
all the instructions here, or you could
get a false reading onthe dipstick.
Too much or too little fluid can
damage your transaxle. Too much
can mean that some of the fluid
could come out and fallon hot
engine parts, starting a fire. Be
sure to get an accurate readingif
you check your transaxlefluid.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking
the transaxle fluid level ifyou have been
driving:
When outside temperaturesare above
90°F (32°C).
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic-especially in hot
weather.
To get the right reading, the fluid should
be at normal operating temperature,
which is 180°F to 200°F (82°C to
93"C).
Get the vehicle warmed upby driving
about 15 miles (24 km) when outside
temperatures are above 50°F (10OC). If
it's colder than 50"F (10" C), you may
have todrive longer.
21 I
Service & Appearance Care
Automatic Transaxle Fluid (CONT.)
To Check the Fluid Level:
Park your vehicle on a level place.
Place the shift lever in P (Park) with
the parking brake applied.
With your footon the brake pedal,
move the shift lever through eachgear
range, pausing for about three seconds
in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in P (Park).
2.2L L4: Checking Automatic
Transaxle Fluid
Then, Without ShuttingOff the
Engine, Follow These Steps:
1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with
a clean rag or paper towel.
2. Push it backin all the way, wait three
seconds and then pull it back out
again.
3. Check both sidesof the dipstick, and
read the lower level.The fluid level
must be in the cross-hatched area.
4. If the fluid level is where it should
3.1L V6: Checking Automatic
be, push the dipstick backin all the
Transaxle Fluid
way.
Manual Transaxle Fluid
How to Add Fluid: Refer to the
2.2L L4: Adding Automatic
Maintenance Scheduleto determine
Transaxle Fluid
what kind of transaxle fluid to use. See
the Index under Fluids & Lubricants. If
the fluid level is low, add only enough
of the proper fluid to bring the level into
the cross-hatched area on thedipstick.
It doesn't take much fluid, generally less
than a pint (0.5 L). Don't overfill. We
recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRON@-IIE, because fluids with that
label are made especially for your
automatic transaxle. Damage caused
by fluid other than DEXRON@-IIEis not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
After adding fluid, recheck the fluid
level as described underHow to Check. 3.1L V6: Adding Automatic
Transaxle Fluid
When the correct fluid levelis obtained,
push the dipstick back in all theway.
When to Check:
A good time to have it checkedis when
the engine oil is changed. However, the
fluid in your manual transaxle doesn't
require changing.
213
Service & Appearance Care
Manual Transax/e Fluid(CONT.)
How to Check: Because this operation
can be a little difficult, you may choose
to have this done at a Chevrolet
dealership Service Department.
If you do it yourself, besure to follow
all the instructions here,or you could
get a false reading onthe dipstick.
Too much or too little fluid can
damage your transaxle.Too much
can mean that someof the fluid
could come out and fall on hot
engine parts, startinga fire. Be
sure to get an accurate reading if
you check your transaxlefluid.
The manual transaxle dipstick is located
on the driver’s side near the
rear of the
transaxle case.
Check the fluid level onlywhen your
engine is off, the vehicle is parked on a
level place andthe transaxle is cool
enough for you to rest your fingers on
the transaxle case.
Then, Follow These Steps:
1. Pull out the dipstick and clean with
it
a rag or paper towel.
Hydraulic Clutch
2. Push it back in all the way and
remove it.
3. Check both sidesof the dipstick and
read the lower level. The fluid level
must be betweenthe ADD and
FULL marks. (Note: Fluid may
appear at the bottom of the dipstick
even when the fluid levelis several
pints low.)
4. If the fluid level is where it should
be, push the dipstick back in all the
way.
How to Add Fluid:
Here’s how to add fluid. Refer to the
Maintenance Scheduleto determine
what kind of fluid to use. See theIndex
under Fluids & Lubricants.
Remove the dipstick.
Add fluid at the dipstick hole.
Add only enough fluid to bringthe fluid
level up to the FULL mark on the
dipstick.
Push the dipstick back in all the way.
The hydraulic clutch in your vehicle is
self-adjusting.
When to Check and What to Use:
Refer to the Maintenance Scheduleto
determine how often you should check
the fluid level in your clutch master
cylinder reservoir and whatto add.
See the Index under Owner Checks &
Services and Fluids & Lubricants.
21 5
I
...
Service
rance Care
Hydraulic Clutch(CONTJ
Engine Coolant
How to Check:
The following explains your cooling
system and how to add coolant when it
is low. If you have a problem with
engine overheating, see the Index under
Engine Overheating.
The proper coolant for your Chevrolet
will:
Give freezing protection down to
-34"F (-37"C).
Give boiling protection up to 262°F
(128" C).
Protect against rust andcorrosion.
Help keep the proper engine
temperature.
Let the warning lights workas they
should.
The proper fluid should be added
if the
level is at or below the ADD mark on
the reservoir. See the instructions on the
reservoir cap.
8
8
8
216
What to Use:Use a mixture of one-half
clean water (preferably distilled) and
one-half antifreeze that meets "GM
Specification 1825-M," which won't
damage aluminum parts.You can also
use a recycled coolant conforming to
GM Specification 1825-M with a
complete coolant flush and refill.If you
use this mixture, you don't need to add
anything else.
If you have a 2.2L LA engine, your
engine coolant system will havea
coolant recovery tank. If you have a
3.1L V6 engine, your engine coolant
system will havea coolant surge tank.
There are important differences between
these two cooling systems. Read this
section carefully.
Adding Coolant-2,21 L4 Engine
Adding only plain water to
your cooling system can be
dangerous. Plain water, or some
other liquid like alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mix will.
Your vehicle's coolant warning
system is set for the proper coolant
mix. With plain water or the
wrong mix, your engine could get
too hot but you wouldn't get the
overheat warning. Your engine
could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50150 mix
of clean water anda proper
antifreeze.
-L
To Check Coolant:
When your engine is cold, the coolant
level should be atFULL COLD, or a
little higher. When your engineis warm,
the level should be up to mJLL HOT,
or a little higher.
To Add Coolant:
If you need more coolant, add the
proper mix at the coolant recovery
tank.
Service & Appearance Care
Adding Co01ant-2~2L L4 Engine
(CONT.)
1I Adding C00lant-3~IL V6 Engine
I
A
Turning the radiator pressure
cap when the engine and
radiator are hot can allow steam
and scalding liquids to blow out
and burn you badly. With the
coolant recovery tank, you will
almost never have to add coolant at
the radiator. Never turn the
radiator pressure cap-even a
little-when the engine and
radiator are hot.
II
You can be burned if you spill
coolant on hot engine parts.
Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burh if the engine parts
arehotenough.Don’tspillcoolant
on a hot eniine.
II
II
31
I
-
218
To Check Coolant:
When your engine is cold, the coolant
level should be at FULL COLD, or a
little higher.
To Add Coolant:
If you need more coolant, add the
proper mix at the coolantsurge tank
1
Turning the coolant surgetank
d
L pressure cap when the engine
and the radiator are hot c~lnallow
steam and scalding liquids to blow
out and bum you badly. Never turn
the surge tank pressure cap-even
a little-when the engine and
radiator are hot.
You can be burned if you spill
coolant on hot engine parts.
Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will bum if the engine parts
are hot enough. Don’t spill coalant
on a hot engine.
I
Radiator Pressure Cap
, ..
',!:Your radiator cap is a 15 psi
g..,
''.' (105 kPa)
pressure-type cap and
must be tightly installed to prevent
.
'..~. coolant loss and possible engine
::'. damage from overheating.Be sure
.;the arrows on the cap line up with
the overflow tube on the radiator
..
Y;filler neck.
I.,,
,:;
...
.
.
_/,.__
F+
Thermostat
Power SteeringFluid
Engine coolant temperature is controlled
by a thermostat in the engine coolant
system. The thermostat stops the flow of
coolant throughthe radiator until the
coolant reaches a preset temperature.
When you replace your thermostat, an
AC@thermostat is recommended.
How to Check Power Steering Fluid:
Unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick
with a clean rag. Replacethe cap and
completely tighten it. Then remove the
cap again and look at the fluid levelon
the dipstick.
When the engine compartment ishot,
the level should be near the H mark.
When the engine compartment is cool,
the level should be near the C mark.
When you replace your radiator pressurl
cap, an AC@cap is recommended.
219
I . .
Service & Appearance Care
Power Steering Fluid(CONT.)
Windshield Washer Fluid
What to Add:
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to
determine what kind of fluid to use. See
the Index under Fluids & Lubricants.
To Add:
Open the cap labeled WASHER
FLUID ONLY. Add washer fluid until
the bottle is full.
When using concentrated washer
fluid, follow the manufacturer’s
instructions for adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-tol15ewasher fluid. Water can
use the solution to freeze and
.tmage your washer fluidtank
and other parts of the washer
system. Also, water doesn’t clean
s well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluidtank on14
?4 full when it’s very cold. Thir
allows for expansion, which
could damage the tank if it is
completely full
Don’t use radiator antifreeze
your windshield washer. It can
damage your washer system an(
paint.
.
When adding powersteering fluid
or making a complete fluid change,
always use the proper fluid. Failure
to use the proper fluid can cause
leaks and damage hoses and seals.
. . I
120
Brake Master Cylinder
Your brake master cylinder is here. It is
filled with DOT-3 brake fluid.
There are only two reasons why the
brake fluid level in your master cylinder
might go down. The first is that the
brake fluid goes down to an acceptable
level during normal brake lining wear.
When new linings are put in, the fluid
level goes back up.
The other reason is that fluid is leaking
out of the brake system. If it is, you
should have your brake system fixed,
since a leak means that sooner or later
your brakes won’t work well, or won’t
work at all. So, it isn’t a good idea to
“top off’ your brake fluid. Adding
brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you
add fluid when your liningsare worn,
then you’ll have too much fluid when
you get new brake linings. You should
add (or remove) brake fluid, as
necessary, only when work is done on
the brake hydraulic system.
I
A
If you have too much brake
fluid, it can spill on the
engine. The fluid will burn if the
engine is hot enough. You or
others could be burned, and your
vehicle could be damaged. Add
brake fluid only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic
system.
I
22!I ’
I . .
Service & Appearance Care
Replacing BrakeSystem parfs
Brake Master Cylinder(CONT.)
When your brake fluid fallsto a low
level, your brake warning light will
come on. See the Index under Brake
System Warning Light.
What to Add: When you do need brake
fluid, use only DOT-3 brake fluid-such
as Delco Supreme ll@(GM Part No.
1052535). Use new brake fluid from a
sealed container only.
I
122
’
A
DOT-5 silicone brake fluid can
damage your vehicle.
Don’t use it.
Don’t let someone put inthe
wrong kind of fluid. For
example, just a few drops of
mineral-based oil, such as engine
oil, in your brake system can
damage brake system parts so
badly that they’ll have to be
replaced.
Brakefluidcandamage‘.nt,
so
be careful not to spill b r a e fluid
on your vehicle.
The braking system ona modern vehicle
is complex. Its many parts have to be of
if the
top quality and work well together
vehicle is to have really good braking.
Vehicles we design and test have topquality GM brake parts inthem, as your
Chevrolet does when it is new. When
you replace partsof your braking
system-for example, when your brake
linings wear down andyou have to have
new ones put in-be sure you get new
genuine GM replacement parts. If you
don’t, your brakes may no longer work
properly. For example,if someone puts
in brake linings thatare wrong for your
vehicle, the balance between yourfront
and rear brakes can change, for the
worse. The braking performance you’ve
come to expect can change in many
other ways if someone puts in the wrong
replacement brake parts.
Battery
Vehicle Storage
Every new Chevrolet has a Delco
Freedom@battery. You never have to
add water to one of these. When it’s
time for a new battery, we recommend a
Delco Freedom@ battery. Getone that
has the catalog number shown on the
original battery’s label.
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle
for 25 days or more, take off the black
negative (-) cable from the battery.
This will help keep your battery from
running down.
Jump Starting
For jump starting instructions, see the
Index under Jump Starting.
I
A Batteries haveacid thatcan
L burn you and gas that can
explode. You can be badly hurt if
you aren’t careful. See the Index
under Jump Starting for tips on
working around a battery without
getting hurt.
I
Contact your dealer to learn how to
prepare your vehicle for longer storage
periods.
223
D
D
D
Service & Appearance Care
1 Headlight
Halogen
Bulbs
Bulb Replacement
For the type of bulb, see the Index under 1. Turn the lock ring clockwise until the
Replacement Bulbs.
flanges align with the slots inthe
~1
Halogen bulbs have
pressurizedgas inside andcan
bLl3t if you drop or scratch the
bulb. You or others could be
injured. Take special care when
handling and disposingof halogen
bulbs.
housing. Then pull the ring back
from the housing.
L:
3
224
Taillight Bulb Replacement
2. Pull out the bulb assembly.
3.Disconnect the bulb base fromthe
socket by lifting the plastic locking
tab.
4. Snap a new bulb into the socket.
5. Replace the bulb assembly by
reversing steps 1-3.
For the typeof bulb, see theI d e x under 2-Door Models:
Replacement Bulbs.
1. Pull the carpet back from the
comer
and
remove
the
plastic
wing
nuts.
4-Door Models:
If you have theoptional convenience
1 If your vehicle has anchors at the
net, first unhook the net from the
back of the trunk, remove them and
retainer and remove the retainer
pull the carpet away from the rearof
knob.
the trunk. Next remove the four wing
nuts.
Both 4-Door and 2-Door Models:
2. From outside the vehicle, gently pull
back on the taillight housing.
.
Service & Appearance Care
Tai//ightBulb Replacement
(CONr)
3. Press the bulb housing release lever
and turn the housing turn
counterclockwise to remove it.
4. To remove the bulb, push in and
rotate it counterclockwise.
5. Reverse all steps to reassemble the
taillight housing.
D
D
D
226
Wagon:
3.Pull back gently on the taillight
1. Open the liftgate.
2. Remove the two Torx@ screws.
housing.
4. Press the bulb housing tab, rotate the
housing counterclockwisef/6 turn and
remove it.
5. To remove the bulb, pushthe bulb in,
and rotate it counterclockwise.
6. Reverse all steps to reassemble the
taillight housing.
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
Loading %ur Vehicle
Two labels on your vehicle show how
much weight it may properly carry. The
Replacement bladescome in different
types and are removed in different ways. Tire-Loading Information label found on
the rear edgeof the driver’s door tells
Here’s how to remove the type with a
you
the proper size, speed rating and
release clip:
recommended inflation pressures for the
1. Pull the windshield wiper arm away
I
tires on your vehicle. It also gives you
from the windshield.
important information about the number
2. Lift the release clip witha
of people that can be in your vehicle and
screwdriver and pull the blade
the total weight thatyou can carry. This
assembly off the wiper arm.
weight is called the Vehicle Capacity
3.Push the new wiper blade securely on Weight and includes the weightof all
occupants, cargo, and all nonfactorythe wiper arm.
installed options.
The other label is the Certification
label, found on therear edge of the
driver’s door. It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle, called
227
Service & Appearance Care
Loading Your Vehicle (CONI:)
the GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating). The GVWR includes the
weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel
and cargo. Never exceed the GVWRfor
your vehicle, or the Gross Axle Weight
Rating (GAWR) for either the front or
rear axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you
should spread it out. Don’t carry more
than 132 lbs. (60 kg) in your trunk or
rear area.
128
Do not load your vehicle any
the GVWR or the
maximum front and rearGAWRs.
If you do, parts on your vehicle
can break, or it can change the way
your vehicle handles. These could
cause you to lose control. Also,
overloading can shorten the life of
your vehicle.
L
b heavier than
Your warranty does not cover part
or components that fail beca :ol
overloading.
If you put things inside your vehiclelike suitcases, tools, packages, or
anything else-they will go as fast as the
vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn
quickly, or if there is a crash, they’ll
keep going.
1--
-
Things you=
strike and injure
people in a sudden stop or turn, or
in a crash.
Put things in thetrunk or rear
area of your vehicle. In a trunk,
put them as h r forward as you
can. Try to spread the weight
evenly. If you have fold-down
rear seats, you’ll find four
anchors on the back wall
of your
trunk. You can use these anchors
to tiedown lighter loads. They’re
not strong enough for heavy
things, however, so put them as
fbr forward as you can in the
trunk or rear area.
Never stack heavier things, like
suitcases, inside the vehicleso
that some of them are above the
tops of the seats.
e When you carry something
inside the vehicle, secure it
whenever you can.
0 Don’t leave a seat folded down
unless you need to.
I
Tires
We don’t make tires. Your new vehicle comes with high quality tires madeby a
leading tire manufacturer. These tires are warranted by the tire manufacturers and
their warranties are delivered with every new Chevrolet. If your spare tire is a
different brand than your road tires, you will have a tire warranty folder from each
of these manufacturers.
I
-
CAUTION
I
’
I
I
1
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires are dangerous.
Overloading your tires can cause overheatingas a result of too much
friction. You could have an air-out and a serious accident. See the Index
under hading Your Vehicle.
Underinflated tires pose the same danger as overloaded tires. The resulting
accident could causeserious injury. Check all tires frequently to maintain
the recommended pressure. Tire pressure should be checked when your
tires are cold.
Overinflated tires are more likely to becut, punctured, or broken by a
sudden impact: such as when you hit a pothole. Keep tires at the
recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If your tread is badly worn, or if your
been
tires have
damaged, replace them.
I
I
229
I . .
Service & Appearance Care
lnflation-lire Pressure
The Tire-Loading Information label
which is on the rear edge of the driver’s
door shows the correct inflation
pressures for your tires, when they’re
cold. “Cold” means your vehicle has
been sitting for at leastthree hours or
driven no more than a mile.
230
Don’t let anyone tell you that
underinflation or overinflation is
all right. It’s not. If your tires don’t
ition)
have enough
you can get:
Too much flexing
Too much heat
Tire overloading
Bad weLA
Bad handling
Bad fuel economy.
If your tires have too much air
(overinflation), you can get:
Unusual wear
Bad handling
Rough ride
Needless damage from road
hazards.
When to Check:
Check your tires once a month
or more.
Don’t forget your compactspare tire. It
should be at 60 psi (420 kpa).
How to Check:
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to
check tire pressure. Simply looking at
the tires will not tell you the pressure,
especially if you have radial tireswhich may look properly inflated even if
they’re underinflated.
If your tires have valve caps, be sure to
put them back on. They help prevent
leaks by keeping out dirt and moisture.
Tire
hspection
and
Rotation
To make your tires last longer, have
them inspected and rotatedat the
mileages recommendedin the
Maintenance Schedule. See the Index
under Scheduled Maintenance Services.
Use this rotation pattern.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust
the front and rear inflation pressure as
shown on the Tire-Loading Information
label. Make certain that all wheel nuts
are properly tightened. Seethe Index
under Wheel Nut Torque.
I
u I I’
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on
; parts to whichit is
fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become loose aftera time. The
wheel could come off and cause an
accident. When you change a
wheel, remove any rust or dirt
from places where the wheel
attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or
a paper towel to dothis; but be
sure to usea scraper or wire brush
later, if you need to, to get all the
rust or dirtoff. (See the Index
under Changing a Flat Tire.)
When lt’s Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s time for new
tires is to check the treadwear
indicators, which will appear when your
tires have only 2/32 inch (1.6 mm) or
less of tread remaining.
You need a new tire if
You can see the indicators at three
places around the tire.
You can see cord or fabric showing
through the tire’s rubber.
The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut
or snagged deep enough to show cord
or fabric.
The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
The tire has a puncture, cut, or other
damage thatcan’t be repaired well
because of the sizeor location of the
damage.
23I
Service & Appearance Care
Unijiorpn Tire Quality
Grading
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and sizeof tires
you need, look at the Tire-Loading
Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when
it was new had a Tire Performance
Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When
you get new tires, get ones with that
same TPC Spec number. That way, your
vehicle will continue to have tires that
are designed to give proper endurance,
handling, speed rating, traction, ride
and other things during normal service
on your vehicle. If your tires have an allseason tread design, the TPC number
will be followedby a “MS” (for mud
and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those
not having a TPC Spec number, make
sure they are the same size, load range,
speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial) as your original
tires.
232
Mixing tires could cau’se you
The following information relatesto the
system developedby the United States
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration which grades tiresby
treadwear, traction and temperature
performance. (This applies only to
vehicles sold in the United States.)
d to lose controlwhile driving.
If you mix tires of different sizes
or types (radial and bias-belted
tires), the vehiclemay not handle
properly, and you could have a
crash. Be sure to use the same size
and type tires onall wheels. It’s all
right to drivewith your compact
spare, though. It was developed for
limited use on your vehicle.
I
I
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative
rating based onthe wear rate of the tire
when tested under controlled conditions
on a specified government test course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would
wear one and a half(1%) times as well
on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of
tires depends upon the actual conditions
of their use, however, and may depart
significantly from the norm due to
variations in driving habits, service
practices and differences in road
characteristics and climate.
Traction-A, B, C
Temperature-A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to
lowest are: A, B, and C. They represent
the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement
as measured under controlled conditions
on specified government test surfacesof
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C
may have poor traction performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned
to this tire is based on braking (straightahead) traction tests anddoes not
include cornering (turning) traction.
The temperature grades are A (the
highest), B, and C, representing the
tire’s resistance tothe generation of heat
and its ability to dissipate heat when
tested under controlled conditions on a
specified indoor laboratory test wheel.
Sustained hightemperature can cause
the material of the tire to degenerate and
reduce tire life, and excessive
temperature can lead to sudden tire
failure. The grade C corresponds to a
level of performance which all
passenger car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A represent
higher levels of performance on the
laboratory test wheel than the minimum
required by law.
233
Service & Appearance Care
Temperature-A, 8, C ~
N T J
Warning: The temperature grade for
this tire is established for a tire that is
properly inflated and not overloaded.
Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat buildup
and possible tire failure.
Those grades are molded on the
sidewalls of passenger car tires.
While the tires available as standard or
optional equipmenton General Motors
vehicles may vary with respect to these
grades, all such tires meet General
Motors performance standards and have
been approved for use on General
Motors vehicles. All passenger type
(P Metric) tires must conform to Federal
safety requirements in addition to these
grades.
234
Wheel Alignment and
Tire Balance
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked
or badly rusted. If wheel nuts keep
The wheels on your vehicle were
coming
loose, the wheel, wheel bolts,
aligned and balanced carefully at the
and wheel nuts should be replaced. If
factory to give you the longest tire life
the wheel leaks air out, replace it
and best overall performance.
(except some aluminum wheels, which
In most cases, you will not need to have can sometimes be repaired). See your
your wheels aligned again. However, if
Chevrolet dealer if any of these
you notice unusual tire wearor your
conditions exist.
vehicle pulling one way or the other, the
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel
alignment may need to be reset. If you
you need. Each new wheel should have
notice your vehicle vibrating when
the same load carrying capacity,
driving on a smooth road, your wheels
diameter, width, offset, and be mounted
may need to be rebalanced.
the same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your
wheels, wheel bolts, or wheel nuts,
replace them only with new GM
original equipment parts. This way, you
will be sure you have the right wheel,
wheel bolts, and wheel nutsfor your
Chevrolet model.
Used Replacement Wheels
A
Using the wrong replacement
wheels, wheel bolts, or wheel
nuts on your vehicle can be
dangerous. It could affect the
braking and handling of your
vehicle, make tires lose air and
make you lose control. You could
have a collision in which you or
others .could be injured. Always
use the correct wheel, wheel bolts,
and wheel nuts for replacement.
z
. -.
::?T?Wwrong wheel can also cause
problems with bearing life,bra‘
cooling, speedometedodometer
calibration, headlight aim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearance,
..and tire or tire chainclearance +*
the body adchassis.
Putting a used wheel on your
4vehicle is dangerous. You
c
can’t know how it’s been used or
how many miles it’s been driven.
It could fail suddenly and cause an
accident. If you have to replace a
wheel use a new GM original
equipment wheel.
235
Service & Appearance Care
Tire Chains
Appearance Care
A
vehicle,
I
Cleaning products canbe hazardous. Some are toxic. Others can burst
into flameif you strike a match or get them on a hot partof the vehicle.
Some are dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space. When
you
use anything in a container to clean yourChevrolet, be sure to follow the
instructions. And always open yourdoors or windows when you’re cleaning
the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
Gasoline
Carbon Tetrachloride
Turpentine
Acetone
Lacquer Thinner
Benzene
Naphtha
Paint Thinner
Nail Polish
Remover
They can all be hazardous-some more than others-and they can all damage
your
I
I
Cleaning the Insideof Your
Chevrolel
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get ridof
dust and loose dirt. Wipe vinyl with a
clean, damp cloth.
Your Chevrolet dealer has twoGM
cleaners-a solvent-type spot lifter and a
foam-type powdered cleaner. They will
clean normal spots and stains very well.
Here are some cleaning tips:
Always read the instructions on the
cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soon as you canbefore they set.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and
change to a clean area often. A soft
brush may be used if stains are
stubborn.
Use solvent-type cleaners in a wellventilated area only. If youuse them,
don't saturate the stainedarea.
If a ring forms after spot cleaning,
clean the entire area immediately or it
will set.
237
Service & Appearance Care
Using &am-Type Cleaner on
Fabric
Vacuum and brush the area toremove
any loose dirt.
Always clean a whole trim panel or
section. Mask surrounding trim along
stitch or welt lines.
Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner
following the directions on the
container label.
Use suds only and apply with a clean
sponge.
Don’t saturate the material.
Don’t rub it roughly.
As soon as you’ve cleaned the section,
use a sponge to remove the suds.
Using Solvent-Type Cleaner on
Fabric
Rinse the section with a clean, wet
sponge.
Wipe off what’s left with a slightly
damp paper towel or cloth.
Then dry it immediately with an air
hose, a hair dryer or a heat lamp.
I
Be careful with a hair dryer or heat
lamp. You could scorch the fabric.
Wipe with a clean cloth.
I
First, see if you have to use solvent-type
cleaner at all. Some spots and stains will
clean off better withjust water and mild
soap.
If you need to use it, then:
Gently scrape excess soil from the
trim material with a clean, dull knife
or scraper. Use very little cleaner,
light pressure and clean cloths
(preferably cheesecloth). Cleaning
should start at the outsideof the stain,
“feathering” toward the center. Keep
changing to a clean section of the
cloth.
When you clean a stain from fabric,
immediately dry the area with anair
hose, hair dryer, or heat lamp to help
prevent a cleaning ring. (See the
previous NOTICE.)
Fabric Protection
Special CleaningProblems
Your Chevrolet has upholstery that has
been treated with ScotchgardTM Fabric
Protector, a 3M product. Scotchgard”
protects fabrics by repelling oil and
water, which are thecarriers of most
stains. Even with thisprotection, you
still need to clean your upholstery often
to keep it looking new.
Further information on cleaning is
available by calling 1-800-433-3296 (in
Minnesota, 1-800-642-6167).
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then
Greasy or Oily Stains: Like grease, oil,
sponge
the soiled area with cool water.
butter, margarine, shoe polish, coffee
with cream, chewing gum, cosmetic
If a stain remains, follow the foamcreams, vegetable oils, wax crayon, tar
type instructions earlier in this
and asphalt.
section.
Carefully scrape off excess stain.
If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit
or urine, treat the area with a water/
Then follow the solvent-type
baking soda solution: 1 teaspoon
instructions earlier in this section.
(5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup
Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and
(250 ml) of lukewarm water.
asphalt will stain ifleft on a vehicle
Finally, if needed, clean lightly with
seat fabric. They shouldbe removed
solvent-type cleaner.
as soon as possible. Be careful,
because the cleaner will dissolve them Combination Stains: Like candy, ice
and may cause them to bleed.
cream, mayonnaise, chili sauce and
Non-Greasy Stains: Like catsup, coffee unknown stains.
(black), egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then
drinks, wine, vomit, urine and blood.
clean with cool water and allow to
dry.
If a stain remains, clean it with
solvent-type cleaner.
239
Service & Appearance Care
Cleaning Vinyl
Just use warm water anda clean cloth.
Rub with aclean, damp cloth to
remove dirt. You may have to do it
more than once.
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe
polish will stainif you don’t get them
off quickly. Use aclean cloth and
solvent-type vinyl/leather cleaner.
.. 240
Cleaning the Top of the
instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean
the top surfacesof the instrument panel.
Sprays containing siliconesor waxes
may cause annoying reflectionsin the
windshield and even makeit difficult to
see through the windshield under certain
conditions.
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean anddry.
CAUTION
-
Do not bleach or dye s&ty
belts. If you do, it may
severely weaken them. h a crash
they might not be able to provide
adequate protection. Clean safety
belts only with mild soap and
lukewarm water.
Glass
Glass should be cleaned often. GM
Glass Cleaner (GM Part No. 1050427)
or a liquid household glass cleaner will
remove normal tobacco smoke and dust
films.
Don’t use abrasive cleaners onglass,
because they may cause scratches. Avoid
placing decals on the inside rear
window, since they may have to be
scraped off later.
If abrasive cleanersare used on the
inside of the rear window, anelectric
defogger element may be damaged. Any
temporary license should not be
attached across the defoggergrid.
Cleaning the Outsideof the
Windshield and Wiper Blades
Cleaning the Outsideof Your
Chevrolet
If the windshield is not clear after using The paint finish on your vehicle
the windshield washer, or if the wiper
provides beauty, depth of color, gloss
blade chatters when running, waxor
retention and durability.
other material may be on the bladeor
windshield.
Clean the outsideof the windshield with
GM Windshield Cleaner, Bon-Ami
Powder@(GM Part No. 1050011). The
windshield is clean if beads do not form
when you rinse it with water.
Clean the bladeby wiping vigorously
with a cloth soaked in full strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse
the blade with water.
Wiper blades should be checkedon a
regular basis and replaced when worn.
I
Service & Appearance Care
Cleaning the Outsideof Your
Chevrolet (CONT)
Textured-Surface Bumper Covers Finish Careof Textured-Surface
(VL and RS MODELS)
Bumper Covers
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s
finish is to keep it clean
by washing it
often with lukewarmor cold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle inthe direct
rays of the sun. Don’t use strongsoaps
or chemical detergents. Use liquid hand,
dish or car washing (non-detergent)
soaps. Don’t use cleaning agents that
contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning
agents should be flushed promptly and
not allowed todry on the surface, or
they could stain. Dry the finish with a
soft, clean chamois or a 100% cotton
towel to avoid surface scratches and
water spotting.
High pressure vehicle washesmay cause
water to enter your vehicle.
Cleaning with abrush, a soft terry cloth To touch up any small spots after
or a commercialcar wash is
regular washing, use a solvent-type
recommended for normal dirt. Never
fabric cleaner such as GM Part No.
use a wire brushor abrasives.
1050244 and aclean, dry cloth.
Avoid applying wax or polish to the
To help maintain bumper covers, after
textured-surface bumper covers.To
washing use a cleaner/protectant like
remove wax, a commercially available GM/Armor AllTM Part No.
1052919.
wax solvent should be used. Tar and Oil
Remover (GM Part No. 1050172) is also
recommended. It’s also recommended
for cleaning difficult soilslike road tar
and oil. Also recommended are solventtype fabric cleaners suchas GM Part
No. 1050244.
To clean white bumper covers, first use
Tar and Oil Remover. Ifthe dark areas
are still visible, whiten with White
Sidewall Tire Cleaner, such as GM Part
No.1050174.
... 242
Finish Care
Aluminum Wheels
White Sidewall Tires
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of
your Chevrolet may be necessary to
remove residue from the paint finish.
You can get GM approved cleaning
products from your dealer. (Seethe
Index under Appearance Care.)
Your Chevrolet has a “basecoatl
clearcoat” paint finish. The clearcoat
gives more depth andgloss to the
colored basecoat,
Your aluminum wheels have a protectivt
coating similar to the painted surface of
your Chevrolet. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, chrome polish, or other
abrasive cleaners on them becauseyou
could damage this coating. Afterrinsing
thoroughly, a wax may be applied.
Your Chevrolet dealer has a GM White
Sidewall Tire Cleaner. You can use a
stiff brush with it.
Machine compounding or
aggressive polishingon a
basecoatklearcoat paint finish may
dull the finish or leave swirl
marks.
I
NUTICE
m-
If you havealuminum wheels,
don’t use an automatic vehicle
wash that has hard silicon carbide
cleaning brushes. These brushes
can take off the protective coating.
243
Service & Appearance Care
D
D
D
Weatherstrips
Sheet Metal Damage
breign Material
These are places where glass or metal
meets rubber. Silicone grease there will
make them last longer, seal better, and
not squeak. Apply silicone grease with a
clean cloth at least every six months.
If your vehicle is damaged and requires
sheet metal repair or replacement, make
sure the body repair shop applies anticorrosion material to the parts repaired
or replaced to restore corrosion
protection.
Calcium chloride and other salts, ice
melting agents, road oil and tar,tree sap,
bird droppings, chemicals from
industrial chimneys, andother foreign
matter can damage your vehicle’s finish
if they remain on painted surfaces. Use
cleaners that are marked safe for painted
surfaces for these stains.
244
Finish Damage
Underbody Maintenance
Any stone chips, fracturesor deep
scratches in the finish should be
repaired right away. Bare metal will
corrode quickly and may develop into a
major repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be
repaired with touch-up materials
available from your dealeror other
service outlets. Larger areasof finish
damage can be corrected in your
dealer’s body and paint shop.
Chemicals used for ice and snow
Some weather and atmospheric
removal and dust control can collect on conditions can createa chemical fallout.
the underbody. If theseare not removed, Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle.
on the underbody parts such as fuel
This damage can take two forms:
lines, frame, floor pan, and exhaust
blotchy, ringlet-shaped discolorations,
system even though they have corrosion and small irregular dark spots etched
protection.
into the paint surface.
At least every spring, flush these
Although no defect in the paint
job
materials from the underbody with plain causes this, Chevrolet will repair,at no
water. Clean any areas where mud and charge to the owner, the surfacesof new
other debris can collect. Dirt packed in
vehicles damaged by this fallout
closed areas of the frame should be
condition within l2 months or l2,OOO
loosened before being flushed. Your
miles (20 000 km)of purchase,
dealer or an underbody vehicle washing whichever comes first.
system can do this for you.
Chemical Paint Spotting
245
I
Service & Appearance Care
Vehicle ldentification Number
Engine ldentification
Service Parts Identification Label
WIN)
The eighth character in your VIN is the
engine code for your GM engine. This
code will help you identify your engine,
specifications, and replacement parts in
this section.
You’ll find this label on your spare tire
cover or on the inside of your trunk lid.
It’s very helpfbl if you ever need to
order parts. On this label is:
Your VIN.
Its model designation.
Paint information.
A list of all product options and
special equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed
from the vehicle.
This is the legal identifier for your
Chevrolet. It appears on a plate in the
front corner of the instrument panel, on
the driver’s side. You can see it if you
look through the windshield from
outside your vehicle.The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and
Service Parts labels andthe certificates
of title and registration.
X5027
Add-on Electricai Equipment
Don’t add anything electrical to
your Chevrolet unlessyou check
with your dealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage
your vehicle and the damage
wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Some of it can just keother things,from
- .. working as tt,
. .
should.
1 Fuses & Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are
protected from short circuits by a
combination of fuses, circuit breakers.
and fusible thermal links in the wiring
itself. This greatly reduces the chance of
fires caused by electrical problems.
The fuse panel is located under the
lower left side of the instrument panel.
To identih and check fuses, refer to the
Fuse Usage chart.
Look at the silver-colored band inside
the fuse. If the band is broken or
melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the
identical size and rating.
Service & Appearance Care
Fuse
Rating
Circuitry
(AMP.)
INSTLPS
ECM
Fuse Usage
248
CIG
RADIO2
GAUGES
5
10
15
10
10
PK/TURN
HTR-AIC
25
WIPER
F/P
RADIO 1
CTSY
25
10
10
20
WINDOW
CRUISE
TURN-BIU
S/LP
FTP
ACC
HDLP
30
10
15
15
20
20
30
20
Instrument Panel Lamps
Electronic Control Module, Fuel Injectors
Cigarette Lighter, GloveBox Light
Radio Power
Gauges, Audible Warning System, Cluster Telltales, TCC, Rear
Defogger Relay, Brake Transaxle Shift Interlock, Multiport Fuel
Injection
Park and Turn Lamps
Heater and A/C Power, Daytime Running Lights (Canada),
Anti-Lock Brakes
Windshield Wipers
Fuel Pump
Radio Memory, Digital Clock
Interior Lights, Horn, Power Locks, Audible Warning System,
Remote Liftgate Release, Check Oil Light
Power Window (Breaker)
Cruise Control
Turn Signal, Back-up Lamps
Stop Lamps, Hazard Flashers
Flash-To-Pass
Power Locks, Rear Window Defogger (Breaker)
Headlamp (Breaker)
Headlight Wiring
Windsheld Wipers
The headlight wiring is protected by a
circuit breaker in the fuseblock. An
electrical overload will cause the lights
to go on and off, or in some cases to
remain off. If this happens, have your
headlight system checked right away.
To access the headlight circuit breaker,
squeeze the plastic clip together and
remove.
The windshield wiper motor is protected
by a circuit breaker anda fuse. If the
motor overheats due to heavy snow, etc.,
the wiper will stop until the motor
cools. If the overload is caused by some
electrical problem, have it fixed.
Power Windows and Other
Power Options
Circuit breakers in the fuse panel protect
the power windows and other power
accessories. When the current loadis
too heavy, the circuit breaker opens and
closes, protecting the circuit until the
problem is fixed.
249
Service & Appearance Care
Capacities & Specifications
EngineCrankcase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.0 quarts
When changing Jilter, up to I quart (I liter) more oil may be needed.
Automatic Transaxle
PanRemovalandReplacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.0 quarts
AfterCompleteOverhaul . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.9 quarts
When draining or replacing torque converter,more fluid may be needed.
Manual Transaxle, 5-Speed
CompleteDrainandRefill
...........................
2.0 quarts
Cooling System
11.7quarts
2.2LL4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 . 1 L V 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.2quarts
..
250
3.80 L
3.80 L
6.60 L
1.90 L
11.1 L
13.5 L
Refrigerant, Air Conditioning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See refrigerant charge label under hood.
Not all airconditioning refrigerants are the same. I f the air
conditioning system in your vehicle needs refrigerant, be sure
the properrefrigerant is used. I f you 're not sure,ask your
Chmrolet dealer.
FuelTank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15.2 gallons
57.5 L
Power Steering
Pump Only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.OO pint
0.50L
Complete System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.25 pints
1.25 L
Tire Pressures, Sizes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See Tire-Loading Information label on driver's door.
Wheel Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
100 pound-feet (140 Nem)
NOTE: All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure to fill to the appropriate level, as recommended in this manual.
25 I
Service & Appearance Care
Fluids & Lubricants
ITEM
Antifreeze Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(Ethylene
Coolant
Mixtures
Base)
Glycol
ChassisLubricant .................
(Grease Gun Insert)
Delco Supreme ll@Brake Fluid . . . . . .
APPLICATION
Year-Round Antifreeze for
GM PART NUMBER
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1052753
GeneralChassisLube,etc.
. . . . . . . . . . 1052497
1 gal.
14 02.
(3.8 L)
(397 g)
Brake System and
Clutch Master Cylinder . . . . . . . . . .16
. 1052535
oz. (0.5 L)
Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
32 1855
02.
(1.0 L)
12345881
1 gal. (3.8 L)
ManualTransaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3212345349
oz.
(1 .o L)
Clutch Master Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1612345347
oz.
(0.5 L)
Engine Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See the Index under Engine Oil.
See your dealer for advice. . . . . . . . . .16
. 1052367
oz.
(0.5 L)
DEXRON %E Automatic ...........
Transmission Fluid
SynchromeshTransmissionFluid . . . . .
GM Hydraulic Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GM Engine Oil Supplement . . . . . . . . .
(E.O.S.)
Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hood, Trunk and Door Hinges
Windshield Washer Solvent . . . . . . . . . . Windshield Washer Fluid
Power Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Power Steering System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1050017
1052884
Dielectric Silicone Grease . . . . . . . . . . . Weatherstrips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12345579
Spray-A-Squeak Silicone Lubricant . . . General Purpose Silicone Lubricant,
Weatherstrips. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1052276 (aerosol)
1052277
252
SIZE
32 02.
(1 .O L)
16 oz. (0.5 L)
1 oz. (0.028 kg)
4.5 oz.
(127 g)
12 oz. (0.35 L)
Replacement Bulbs
OUTSIDE LIGHTS
BULB
Back-UpLights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1156
Front Parking/Turn Signal Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2357NA
Center High Mount Stoplight
Inside (Carpet Covered) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1141
Inside (Pedestal Mount) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1156
Outside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
577
Halogen Headlights
High/LowBeam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9004
Front Side Marker Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
194
Rear Side Marker Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Stop/Tail/Turn Signal Lights (Coupe) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2057
Stop/Turn Signal Lights (Sedan) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2057
Taillights (Sedan) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
194
Trunk Light (Coupe) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
912
(Sedan) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
105
Wagon: Rear Compartment Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 561
Wagon: Rear Side Marker Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
253
a
Service & Appearance Care
Replacement Bulbs (CONT.)
BULB
INSIDE LIGHTS
Dome Light
562
Wagon Rear Compartment and Base .....................
Dome/Reading Lights
168
Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
194
Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
74
Heater & A/C Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
194
High-BeamIndicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Indicator Lights
194
Brake. Oil.Turn Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Charge. Malfunction Indicator. Fasten SafetyBelts. Temp . . . . . 168
TailgateAjar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37
74
PRNDL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
194
GloveBox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I
254
’
A
Engine Specifications
2.2L3.1L
L4
V6
4
T
VINEngineCode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
L4
V6
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1 Liters
2.2 Liters
Displacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.80:1
8.85:1
Compression Ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3-4-2
1-2-3-4-5-6
Firing Order. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.192"F (89"C ) 195"F (91" C )
Thermostat Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
255
Service & Appearance Care
Normal Maintenance ReplacementParts
Air Cleaner Element
2.2L L4 . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1L V6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-24 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Oil Filter
2.2L L4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1L V6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PCV Valve
2.2L L4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1LV6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spark Plugs
2.2L L4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1LV6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . .
... 256
AC Type A-1172C
AC Type A-1098C
AC Type A-925C
AC Type PF-47
AC Type PF-51
AC Type CV-9OOC
AC Type CV-892C
AC Type eR44LTSMA
Gap: 1.14 mm (0.045 inch)
AC Type eR44LTSM
Gap: 1.14 mm (0.045 inch)
Notes
257r
Notes
I
IMPORTANT
Part
KEEP ENGINE OIL
AT THE PROPER
LEVEL AND CHANGE AS
RECOMMENDED
7
Maintenance Schedule
Section
T h i s part coversthe maintenance
required for your Chevrolet.Your
vehicle needs these services to
retain its safety, dependability and
emission control performance.
Pian
I
Have you purchased the
GM Protection Plan?
The Plan supplements your
new vehicle warranties.
See your Chevrolet dealer for details.
Introduction
A Word About Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .260
Your Vehicle and the Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , .260
How This Part is Organized . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .261
A. Scheduled Maintenance Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .262
Selecting the Right Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .262
Schedule1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264
Schedule11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 266
Explanation of Scheduled Maintenance Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . .268
B. OwnerChecks & Services
AtEachFuelFill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271
AtLeastOnceaMonth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271
At Least Twice a Year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . , . . . . . . . . . . .272
At Least Once a Year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .272
C. Periodic Maintenance Inspections
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .275
D. Recommended Fluids & Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .276
E. MaintenanceRecord . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279
259
8
8
8
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction
A Word About Maintenance
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
We at General Motors want to helpyou keep your vehicle in
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
good working condition. But we don’t know exactly how
environment. All recommended maintenance proceduresare
you’ll drive it. You may drive very short distances only a
important. Improper vehicle maintenance or the removalof
few times a week. Or you may drive long distances all the
of
time in very hot, dusty weather. You may use your vehicle in important components can significantly affect the quality
making deliveries. Or you may drive it to work, to do
the air we breathe. Improper fluid levelsor even the wrong
of emissions from your
tire inflation can increase the level
errands or in many other ways.
vehicle.
To
help
protect
our
environment,
and to help keep
Because of all the different
ways people use their GM vehicles,
your
vehicle
in
good
condition,
please
maintain
your vehicle
maintenance needs vary. You may even need more frequent
checks and replacements thanyou will find in the schedules properly.
in this part. So please read this part and notehow you drive.
If you have any questions on how to keep your vehicle in
good condition, see your Chevrolet dealer, the place many
GM owners choose to have their maintenance work done.
Your dealer can be relied upon to use proper parts and
practices.
260
How This Part is Organized
The remainder of this part is divided into five sections:
Section A: Scheduled Maintenance Services shows what to
have done and how often. Someof these services can be
complex, so unless you are technically qualified and have
the necessary equipment, you should let your dealer’s
service department or another qualified service center do
these jobs.
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle can be
dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you can be
seriously injured. Do your own maintenance work
only if you have the required know-how and theproper
tools and equipment for the
job. If you have any doubt,
have a qualified techniciando the work.
If you are skilled enough to do some work on your vehicle,
you will probably want to get theservice information GM
publishes. You will find a list of publications and how to get
them in this manual. S e e the Index under Service
Publications.
Section B: Owner Checks & Services tells you what should
be checked whenever you stop for fuel. It also explains what
you can easily do to help keep your vehiclein good
condition.
Section C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections explains
important inspections that your Chevrolet dealer’s service
department or another qualified service center should
perform.
Section D: Recommended Fluids & Lubricants lists some
products GM recommends to help keep your vehicle
properly maintained. These products, or their equivalents,
should be used whether youdo the work yourselfor have it
done.
Section E: Maintenance Record providesa place for you to
record the maintenance performed on your vehicle.
Whenever any maintenance is performed, be sure to write it
down in this section. This will help you determine when
your next maintenance should be done. Inaddition, it is a
good idea to keep your maintenance receipts. They may be
needed to qualify your vehicle for warranty repairs.
26 I
Maintenance Schedule
Section A: Scheduled Maintenance Services
Using bur Maintenance Schedules
Selecting the Right Schedule
First you’ll need to decide which of the two schedules is
This section tells you the maintenance services you should
right for your vehicle. Here is how to decide which schedule
have done and when you should schedule them. Your
to follow:
Chevrolet dealer knows your vehicle best and wants
you to
be happy with it. If you go to your dealer for your service
needs, you’ll know that GM-trained and supported service
people will perform the work using genuine GM parts.
These schedules are for vehicles that:
carry passengers and cargo within recommended limits.
You will find these limits on your vehicle’s Tire-Loading
Information label. See the Index under Loading Your
Ehicle.
are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal driving
limits.
use the recommended unleadedfuel. See the Index under
Fuel.
I
Schedule I
Schedule I1
Is any one of these true for your vehicle?
Most trips are less than 4 miles (6 km).
Most trips are less than 10 miles (16 km) when outside
temperatures are below freezing.
The engine is at low speed most of the time (asin door-todoor delivery, or in stop-and-go traffic).
You operate your vehiclein dusty areas.
If any one (or more) of these is true for your driving, follow
Schedule I.
Follow Schedule I1 only if none of the above conditions is
true.
253
Maintenance Schedule
Section A: Scheduled Maintenance Services
(Cont.)
Schedule I
Follow Schedule I if your vehicleis
MAINLY driven under oneor more
of the following conditions:
When most trips are less than 4 miles
(6 km).
I
When most trips are less than 10 miles
ITEM
(16 km) and outside temperatures
NO.
remain below freezing.
When most trips include extended
idling and/or frequent low-speed
operation, as in stop-and-go traffic.
When operating in dusty ,areas.
Schedule I should also be followedif
the vehicle is used for delivery service,
police, taxior other commercial
I
applications.
*An Emission Control Service.
b m e US.Environmental Protection Agency
has determined that thefailure to pelform this
maintenance item will notnullifi the emission
warranty or limit recall liabilityprior to the
completion of vehicle use&/ life. General
Motors, however, urges that all recommended
maintenance services be performed at the
indicated intervals and the maintenance be
recorded in Section E: Maintenance Record.
264
I
TO BE SERVICED
WHEN TO PERFORM
See Explanation of Scheduled Maintenance
Sewices following SchedulesI and II.
Miles (kiloineters)or Months
(whicheveroccursfirst).
Chassis Lubrication
1 Every other oil change.
I
EngineAccessoryDriveBeltInspection*
I
I
Transaxle Service
See Explanation of Scheduled Maintenance
Services following Schedules I and 11.
(
l
l
I
10 ICleaner
Air
Replacement*
Filter
Every 30,000 Miles (50 OOO km)or 24 Months.
I
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km).
I
The services shown in this schedule
up to 48,OOO miles (80 OOO km)are to be
performed after 48,OOO miles at the same intervals.
MILES (000)
3 1 6 1 9 1 1 2 1 1 5 1 1 8 1 2 11 2 4 1 2 7 1 3 0 1 3 3 1 3 6 1 3 9 1 4 2 1 4 5 1 4 8
KILOMETERS (0001
l l l l l I l l 1 I I I I I I I I
265
Maintenance Schedule
Section A: Scheduled Maintenance Services (Cont.)
Schedule I/
Follow Schedule II ONLY if none of
the driving conditions specified in
Schedule I apply.
WHEN TO PERFORM
TO BE SERVICED
Miles (kilometers) or Months
(whichever occursfirst).
See Explanation of Scheduled Maintenance
Services following Schedules I and II.
I
2
I
I
4
I EngineAccessoryDriveBeltInspection*
16/
*An Emission Control Service.
~2The US. Environmental Protection Agency
has determined that thefailure to pelform this
maintenance item will not nullify the emission
(!-Spark
warranty or limit recall liabilityprior to the
completion of vehicle useful life. General
Motors, however, urges that all recommended
maintenance services be pei$ormed at the
indicated intervals and the maintenance be
recorded in Section E: Maintenance Record.
Chassis
Lubrication
Plug wire Inspection**
Every 7,500Miles (12 500 km) or 12 Months.
I Every 30,000 Miles (50OOO km) or 24 Months.
See Explanation of Scheduled Maintenance Services
following Schedules I and 11.
Transaxle Service
F]
Air
Cleaner
Filter
Replacement*
266
I
I Every 30,000 Miles (50 OOO km).
1
Every 30,000 Miles (50 OOO km).
r
The services shown in this scheduleup to 45,000 miles (75 OOO km) are to be
performed after45,000 miles at the same intervals.
IMILES (000)
.
1 7.5 1
15
I
25
30
22.5
I
37.5
I
45
KILOMETERS (000)
12.5
I
37.5
I
50
0
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
62.5
I
75
I
I
I
I
I
267
Maintenance Schedule
Section A: Scheduled Maintenance Services
Explanation of Scheduled Maintenance Services
Below are explanations of the services listedin Schedule I
and Schedule II.
The proper fluids and lubricants to useare listed in
Section D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle uses
ITEM
NO. SERVICE
1
2
Engine Oil and Filter Change-Always use SG
Energy Conserving11oils of proper viscosity. The
“ S G ’ designation may be shown alone or in
combination with others, such as “SG/CC,”
“SG/CD” or “SF, SG, CC,” etc. To determine the
preferred viscosity for your vehicle’s engine (e.g.,
SAE 5W-30or SAE 10W-30), see the Index under
Engine Oil.
Chassis Lubrication-Lubricate the transaxle shift
linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. Lubricate thefront and
rear suspension and steering linkage.
Emission Control Service.
(cont.)
these. All parts should be replaced andall necessary repairs
done before youor anyone else drives the vehicle.
Note: To determine your engine’s displacement and code,
see the Index under Engine Identification.
ITEM
NO. SERVICE
3
Tire and Wheel Inspection and Rotation-For
proper wear and maximumtire life, rotate your
tires following the instructionsin this manual. S e e
the Index under Eres, Inspection & Rotation.
Check thetires for uneven wearor damage. If you
see irregular or premature wear, checkthe wheel
alignment. Check for damaged wheels also.
ITEM
NO. SERVICE
4
5
6
Engine Accessory Drive Belt(s) Inspection*Inspect the belt(s) for cracks, fraying, wear and
proper tension. Replace as needed.
Cooling System Service*-Drain, flush and refill
the system withnew or approved recycled coolant
conforming to GM Specification 1825M. Keep
coolant at the proper mixtureas specified. See the
Index under Coolant. This provides proper freeze
protection, corrosion inhibitor level and engine
operating temperature.
Inspect hoses and replaceif they are cracked,
swollen or deteriorated. Tighten screw-type hose
clamps. Clean the outsideof the radiator andair
conditioning condenser. Wash the pressure cap and
neck.
To help ensure proper operation, we recommend a
pressure test of both the cooling system and the
pressure cap.
Transaxle Service-For manual transaxles, fluid
doesn't require changing.
For automatic transaxles, change both the fluid and
filter every 15,000miles (25 000 km) if the vehicle
is mainly driven underone or more of these
conditions:
ITEM
NO. SERVICE
7
8
9
In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90" F (32" C) or higher.
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
Uses such as found in taxi, policecar or delivery
service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of
these conditions, change both the fluid and
filter
every 100,000 miles (160 0oO km).
Spark Plug Replacement*-Replace spark plugs
with the proper type. See the Index under
Replacement Parts.
Spark Plug Wire Inspection**-Inspect for
burns, cracks or other damage. Check the bootfit
at the coils and at the spark plugs. Replace wires as
needed.
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) System
Inspection (2.2L L4 Code 4 engine)" *-Conduct
the EGR system service as described in the service
manual. To purchase a service manual , see the
Index under Service Publications.
Maintenance Schedule
Section A: Scheduled Maintenance Services (Cont.)
ITEM
NO. SERVICE
10
Air Cleaner Filter Replacement*-Replace every
30,000 miles (50 OOO km) or more often under
dusty conditions. Ask your dealer for the proper
replacement intervals for your driving conditions.
ITEM
NO. SERVICE
11
FuelTank, Cap and Lines Inspection**Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines (including fuel rails
and injection assembly) for damage or leaks.
Inspect fuel cap gasket for an evenfiller neck
imprint or any damage. Replace parts as needed.
Periodic replacement of the fuel filter is not
required.
*An Emission Control Service.
US.Environmental Protection Agency has determined that the
fuilure to pe$orm this maintenance item will not nullijE the emission warranty
or
limit recall liability prior to the completionof vehicle usefirl life. General Motors, however, urges that all recommended maintenance
sewices be
per$ormed at the indicated intervals andthe maintenance be recorded in Section E: Maintenance Record.
~2The
270
Section B: Owner Checks & Services
Listed below are owner checks and services which should
be performed at the intervals specified tohelp ensure the
safety, dependability and emissioncontrol performance of
your vehicle.
At Each Fuel Fill (It
CHECK
OR SERVICE
Engine Oil Level
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown in
Section D.
is important foryou or a service station attendant to perform these underhood checks at each fill.)
fuel
I
WHAT TO DO
1
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if necessary. See the Index under Engine Oil for
further details.
I
Check the windshield washerfluid level in the windshield washer tank and add the proper fluid
See the Index under Windshield Washer Fluid for further details.
Engine Coolant Level Check the engine coolant level in the coolant recovery tank or surge tank and add theproper
coolant mix if necessary. See the Index under Coolant for further details.
Windshield Washer
FluidLevelifnecessary.
At Least Once a Month
I
CHECK
OR SERVICE
Tire Inflation
I
WHAT TO DO
Check tire inflation. Make sure they are inflated to the pressures specified on the Tire-Loading
Information label located on therear edge of the driver’s door. See theIndex under fires for
further details.
27 I
I . .
Maintenance Schedule
Section B: Owner Checks & Services (Cont.)
At Least Twice a Year
I
CHECK
OR SERVICE
I
Hydraulic Clutch
WHAT TO DO
Check the fluid level in the clutch reservoir. See the Index under Hydraulic Clutch. A fluid loss
in this system could indicate aproblem. Have the system inspected and repaired at once. System In
At Least Once a Year
I
CHECK
OR SERVICE
Key Lock Cylinders
Body Lubrication
I
WHAT TO DO
I
I Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant specified in Section D.
Lubricate all body door hinges. Also lubricate all hinges and latches, including those forthe
hood, headlight door assemblies (if equipped), fuel door, trunk, glove box door, consoledoor
and any folding seat hardware. SectionD tells you what to use.
I CAUTION
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply boththe parking brake (seethe Index under Parking Brake if necessary) andthe
... 272
L
L
I
regular brake.
NOTE: Do not usethe accelerator pedal, and be readyto turn off the engine immediately if starts.
it
3.On automatic transaxle vehicles,try to start the engine in each gear.The starter should work
only in P (Park) or N (Neutral). If the starter works in any other position, your vehicle needs
service. On manual transaxle vehicles, put the shift leverNin(Neutral), push the clutch down
halfway and try to start the engine.The starter should work only when the clutch is pushed
down all the way to the floor. If the starter works whenthe clutch isn’t pushed all the way
down, your vehicle needs service.
CHECK
OR SERVICE
Interlock-BTSI
(Automatic Transaxle
WHAT TO DO
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could move suddenly. If it does, you or others
could be injured. Follow the steps below.
I
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room around the vehicle. It should be parked on
h
level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake (see the I d a under Parking Brake if necessary).
NOTE: Be ready to apply the regular brake immediatelyif the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the RUN position, but don’t start the engine. Without
applying the regular brake, try to move the shift lever out of P (Park) with normaleffort. If
the shift lever moves out of P (Park), your vehicle’s BTSI needsservice.
Steering Column Lock
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn the key to Luck in each shift lever
position.
With an automatic transaxle, the key should turn to Lock only when the shift lever is in
P (Park).
With a manual transaxle, the key should turn to Lock only when the shift lever is in
R (Reverse).
On vehicles with akey release lever,try to turn the key to Lock without pressing the lever.The
key should turn to Lock only with the key lever depressed. On all vehicles, thekey should come
out only in Lock.
273
Maintenance Schedule
Section B: Owner Checks & Services (Cont.)
At Least Once a Year (CONT:)
CHECK
OR SERVICE
WHAT TO DO
~~
Parking Brake and
Automatic Transaxle
P (Park)MechanismWhen
Check
you are doingthis check, yourvehiclecouldbegin
to move. You or others couldbe
sure there is room in front of your vehicle
-gular brake at onc - Thould the vehicle begin to
A
injuredandpropertycouldbedamaged.Make
in case it begins to roll. Be ready to )ly the
~
~
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular
brake, set the parking brake.
To check the parking brake:With the engine running and the transaxle in N (Neutral), slowly
remove foot pressure from the regular brake pedal.Do this until the vehicle is held by the
parking brake only.
To check the P (Park) mechanism’s holdingability: Shift to P (Park). Then release all brakes.
Underbody Flushing
274
I
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any corrosive materials from the underbody. Take
care to clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris can collect.
I
Section C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Listed below are inspections and services which should be performed at least twice a year (for instance, each spring and fall).
You should let your GM dealer’s service department or other qualified service center do these jobs. Make sure any necessary
repairs are completed at once.
I
1
INSPECTION
SERVICE
OR
WHAT SHOULD BE DONE
Steering, Suspension
and Front-Wheel-Drive
Axle Boot and Seal
Inspection
Exhaust System
Inspection
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering system for damaged, loose
or missing parts,
signs of wear, or lack of lubrication. Inspect the power steering lines and hoses for proper
hookup, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc. Clean and then inspect the
drive axle boot seals for
damage, tears or leakage. Replace seals if necessary.
Throttle Linkage
Inspection
Inspect the throttle linkage for interference or binding, and for damagedor missing parts.
Replace parts as needed.
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect the body near
the exhaust system. Look for broken,
damaged, missing or out-of-position parts as well as open seams, holes, loose connections,or
other conditions which could causea heat build-up in the floor pan or could let exhaust fumes
into the vehicle. See the Index under Engine Exhaust.
Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines and hoses for proper hookup, binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors for surface condition. Also
inspect drum brake linings for wear and cracks. Inspect other brake parts, including drums,
wheel cylinders, calipers, parking brake, etc. Check parking brake adjustment. Youmay need to
have your brakes inspected more often if your driving habits or conditions resultin frequent
braking.
NOTE: A low brake fluid level can indicate worn disc brake pads which may need to be
serviced. Also, if the brake system warning light stays onor comes on, something may be wrong
with the brake system. See the Index under Brake System Warning Light. If your anti-lock brake
system warning light stayson, comes on or flashes, something may be wrong with the anti-lock
brake system. See theIndex under Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light.
275
..
Maintenance Schedule
Section D: Recommended Fluids & Lubricants
NOTE:Fluids and lubricants identified belowby name, part number or specification may be obtained from yourGM dealer.
USAGE
FWID/WBRICANT
Engine Oil
GM Goodwrench MotorOil or equivalent for API service SG Energy ConservingII oils of the
proper viscosity. The “SG” designation may be shown alone or in combination with others, such
as “SG/CC,” “SG/CD,” or “SF, SG, CC,” etc. To determine the preferred viscosity for your
vehicle’s engine, see theIndex under Engine Oil.
Engine Coolant
A 50/50 mixture of water (preferably distilled) and good quality ethylene glycol base antifreeze
(GM Part No. 1052753 or equivalent) conforming to GM Specification 1825Mor approved
recycled coolant conforming to GM Specification 1825M.
Hydraulic Brake
System
Delco Supreme
Hydraulic Clutch
System
Parking Brake Guides
Hydraulic Clutch Fluid (GM Part No. 12345347) or equivalent.
l
l
@
Brake Fluid (GM Part No. 1052535) or equivalent DOT-3 Brake Fluid.
Chassis lubricant meeting requirementsof NLGI Grade 2, Category LB or GC-LB or
GM Part No. 1052497 or equivalent.
Power Steering System GM Hydraulic Power Steering Fluid (GMPart No. 1052884) or equivalent.
Manual Transaxle
Synchromesh Transmission Fluid (GM Part No. 12345349) or equivalent.
~~
Automatic Transaxle
276
DEXRON@-IIE Automatic Transmission Fluid (GMPart No. 12345881).
I
USAGE
Key Lock Cylinders
FUIID/LUBRICANT
Lubricate with Multi-Purpose Lubricant (GM Part No. l2345l20), synthetic SAE SW-30 engine
oil or silicone lubricant (GM Part No. 1052276 or 1052277).
Manual Transaxle Shift Chassis lubricant meeting requirements of NLGI Grade 2, Category LB or GC-LB or GM Part
Linkage
No. 1052497 or equivalent.
Automatic Transaxle
Shift Linkage
ClutchLinkagePivotEngine
Points
Chassis Lubrication
WindshieldWasherGM
Solvent
Engine oil.
oil.
Chassis lubricant meeting requirements of NLGI Grade 2, Category LB or GC-LB
or GM Part No. 1052497 or equivalent.
Optikleen@WasherSolvent(GM Part No. 1051515) or equivalent.
277
Maintenance Schedule
Section D: Recommended Fluids & Lubricants (Conr.)
USAGE
FWID/LUBRICANT
Hood Latch Assembly
a. Pivots and Spring
a. Engine oil.
Anchor
b. Release Pawl
b. Chassis lubricant meeting requirementsof NLGI Grade 2, Category LB or GC-LB
or GM Part No. 1052497 or equivalent.
Engine oil or Lubriplate Lubricant (GM Part No. 1050109).
Hood and Door
Hinges, Fuel Door
Hinge, Rear
Compartment Lid
Hinges, Wagon Tailgatt
Hinge, Rear Folding
Seat
Weatherstrips
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM Part No. 12345579 or equivalent).
~~~
spark plugs.
lee the Index under Replacement Parts for recommended replacement filters, valves and
Section E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date,
odometer reading and who performed theservice in the
columns indicated. When completing the Maintenance
Performed column, insert the numbers from the Schedule
DATE
ODOMETER
I
SERVICED BY
READING
I or Schedule I1 maintenance charts which correspond to the
maintenance performed. Also, you should retain all
maintenance receipts. Your owner information portfolio is a
convenient place to store them.
I
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
279
Maintenance Schedule
Section E: Maintenance Record
DATE
280
ODOMETER
READING
(Cont.)
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE
PERFORMED
Part
8
Customer Assistance Information
Customer Satisfaction Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282
Customer Assistance for theHearing or Speech Impaired. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .283
H e r e you will find out how to
BBB MediatiodArbitration Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284
contact Chevrolet if you need
assistance. This part also tells you Reporting Safety Defects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286
Chevrolet Roadside Assistance Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .287
how to obtain servicepublications
and how to report any safety defects. Service Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 288
Customer Assistance Information
STEP ONE: Discuss your concern with For prompt assistance, please havethe
following information availableto give
a member of dealership management.
the Customer Assistance Representative:
Complaints can often be quickly
resolved at that level. If the matter has
Your name, address, telephone
already
been reviewed with the Sales,
Customer Satisfacion Procedure
number
Service, or Parts Manager, contact the
Your satisfaction and goodwillare
Vehicle Identification Number (Thisis
important to your dealer and Chevrolet. owner of the dealershipor the General
available
from the vehicle registration
Manager.
Normally, any concern with the sales
or title, or the plate attached to the left
transaction or the operation
of your
STEP TWO: If after contacting a
top of the instrument panel and visible
vehicle will be resolvedby your dealer’s member of Dealership Management, it
through the windshield.)
Sales or Service Departments.
appears your concern cannotbe resolved
Dealership name and location
Sometimes, however, despite the best
by the dealership withoutfurther help,
Vehicle delivery date and present
intentions of all concerned,
contact the Chevrolet Customer
mileage
misunderstandings can occur. If your
Assistance Center by calling
concern has not been resolved to your 1-800-222-1020. In Canada, contact GM
Nature of concern
satisfaction, the following steps should
of Canada Customer Assistance Center
in Oshawa by calling 1-800-263-3777
be taken:
(English) or 1-800-263-7854(French).
In Mexico, call (525) 254-3777. In
Puerto Rico or U.S. Virgin Islands, call
1-809-763-13U. In all other overseas
locations, contact GM International
Export Sales in Canada by calling
1-416-644-4112.
282
We encourage you to call the toll-free
When contacting Chevrolet, please
number listed previously in order to
remember that your concern will likely
give your inquiry prompt attention.
be resolved in the dealership, using the
However, if you wish to write
dealership’s facilities, equipment and
personnel. That is why we suggest you
Chevrolet, write to:
follow
Step One first if you have a
United States
concern.
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 7047
Troy, MI 48007-7047
Canada
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
A listing of all Chevrolet offices and
offices outside the U.S. which can assist
you can also be found in the warranty
booklet.
Customer Assistance For the
Hearing or Speech lmpaired
0
To assist owners whohave hearing
difficulties, Chevrolet has installed
special TDD (Telecommunication
Devices for the Deaf) equipment atits
Customer Assistance Center. Any
hearing or speech impaired customer
who has access toa TDD or a
conventional teletypewriter (TTY) can
communicate with Chevroletby dialing:
1-800-TDD-CHEV. (TDD users in
Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
II . .
Customer Assistance Information
GM Parficipation In Better
Business Bureau
MediationArbitmtion Program*
Our experience has shown that the
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
described earlier in this part has been
very successful in achieving customer
satisfaction. However, ifyou have not
been substantially satisfied, Chevrolet
wants you tobe aware of GM’s
voluntary participationin a no-charge
mediatiodarbitration program called
BBB AUTO LINE. This program is
administered by the Council of Better
Business Bureaus through local Better
Business Bureaus. The program can
resolve individual disputes involving
vehicle repairs and the interpretation of
your New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
We prefer that you not resort to BBB
AUTO LINE until after a final decision
is made under the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure. However, you may file a
claim at any time by contacting your
local Better Business Bureau(BBB) at
the following toll-free number:
1-800-955-5100. For further information
about filing aclaim, you may also write
to:
BBB AUTO LINE
Council of Better Business Bureaus
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203
In order to file aclaim, you will have to
provide your name andaddress, the
vehicle identification number (VIN)of
your vehicle, and a statement
of the
nature of your complaint. BBB staff may
try to help resolve your dispute through
mediation. If mediation is not
successful, or if you do not wish to
participate in mediation, eligible
customers may present their case to an
impartial third-party arbitrator at an
informal hearing. The arbitrator will
render a decisionin your case, which
you may accept or reject. If you accept a
valid arbitrator decision, GM will be
bound by that decision. The entire
dispute settlement process should
ordinarily take about 40days from the
time you file your complaint to the time
a
decision is rendered '(or 47 days if you
did not first contact your dealeror
Chevrolet) .
We encourage you to use this program
before or instead of resorting to the
courts. We believe it offers advantages
over courts inmost jurisdictions because
it is fast, free of charge, and informal
(lawyers are not usually present,
although you may retain one at your
expense if you choose). Arbitrators
make decisions basedon the principles
of fairness and equity, and are not
required to duplicate thefunctions of
:ourts by strictly applying stateor
federal law. If you wish to go to court,
however, we do not require that you first
File a claim with BBB AUTO LINE**
unless state law provides otherwise.
Whatever your preferencemay be,
remember that if you are unhappy with
the results of BBB AUTO LINE, you
can still goto court because an
arbitrator's decision is bindingon GM
but not on you, unless you accept it.
Eligibility is limitedby vehicle
age/mileage and other factors. For
further information concerning the
program, call the BBB at
1-800-955-5100. Youmay also call the
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center.
* ?his program may not be availablein
all states, depending on state law.
Canadian owners referto your warranty
booklet. General Motors reservesthe right
to change eligibility limitationsand/or to
discontinue its participation in this
program.
** Some states may require that you$le a
claim with BBB AUKI LAVE before
resorting to state-operated procedures
(including court).
285
Customer Assistance Information
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government
If you believe that your vehicle has a
defect which couldcause a crash or
could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration
(NHTSA), in addition to notifying
General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints,
it may open an investigation, and ifit
finds that a safety defect exists in a
group of vehicles, it may order a recall
and remedy campaign. However,
NHTSA cannotbecome involved in
individual problems between you, your
dealer, or General Motors.
To contact NHTSA,you may either call
the Auto Safety Hotline toll-freeat
1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the
Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA
U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information
about motor vehicle safetyfrom the
Hotline.
286
Repofling Safety Defectsto the
Canadian Government
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors
In addition to notifyingNHTSA (or
If you live inCanada, and you believe
that your vehicle has a safety defect, you Transport Canada) in a situationlike
this, we certainly hope you’ll notify us.
should immediately notify Transport
Canada, in addition to notifying General Please call usat 1-800-222-1020, or
write:
Motors of Canada Limited. You may
write to:
Chevrolet Motor Division
Transport Canada
Customer Assistance Center
Box 8880
P.O. Box 7047
Ottawa, Ontario KlG 352
Troy, Michigan 48007-7047
In Canada, please call us at
1-800-263-3777 (English)or
1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motorsof Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel SamDrive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
24-Hour Roadside Assistance
Number
Chevrolet Roadside
Assistance Program
To enhance Chevrolet's strong
commitment to customer satisfaction,
Chevrolet is excited to announce the
establishment of the Chevrolet/Geo
Roadside Assistance Center. As the
owner of a 1993 Chevrolet/Geo, your
membership in Roadside Assistance is
free.
Roadside Assistance is available 24
hours a day, 365 days a year,by calling
1-800-CHEV USA (1-800-243-8872).
This toll-free number will provide you
over-the-phone roadside assistance with
minor mechanical problems.'"If your
problem cannot be resolved over the
phone, our advisors have access to a
nationwide network of dealerrecommended service providers. The
following services are available:
Towing
Locksmith
Tire repair
Glass replacement
Rental car or taxi
Additional services as necessary
*In Canada, please consult your GM dealer
regarding availabilityof Roadside
Assistance.
The Roadside Assistance Center uses
companies that will provideyou with
quality and priority service. When
roadside services are required, our
advisors will explain any payment
obligations that may be incurred for
utilizing outside services.
For prompt assistance when calling,
please have the following available to
give to theadvisor:
Vehicle Identification Number
License plate number
Vehicle color
Vehicle location
Telephone number where you can be
reached
Vehicle mileage
Description of problem
Please refer to the Roadside Assistance
brochure inside yourowner information
portfolio for full program details.
287
I . .
Customer Assistance Information
4 Service Publicatz'ons
Information on how to obtain Product
Service Publications and Indexesas
described below is applicable only in
the fifty U.S.states (and the District of
Columbia) and only forcars and light
trucks with GVWR less than 10,000
pounds (4 536 kg).
In Canada, information pertaining to
Product Service Bulletins and Indexes
can be obtainedby writing to:
General Motorsof Canada Limited
Service Publications Department
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
!88
Chevrolet regularly sends its dealers
useful service bulletins about Chevrolet
products. Chevrolet monitors product
performance in the field. We then
prepare bulletins for servicing our
products better. Now, you can get these
bulletins too.
Bulletins cover various subjects. Some
pertain to the proper use andcare of
your vehicle. Some describe costly
repairs. Others describe inexpensive
repairs which, if doneon time with the
latest parts, may avoid future costly
repairs. Some bulletins tell a technician
how to repair anew or unexpected
condition. Others describe a quicker
way to fix your vehicle. They can help a
technician service your vehicle better.
Most bulletins apply to conditions
affecting a small numberof cars or
trucks. Your Chevrolet dealer or a
qualified technician may have to
determine if a specific bulletin applies to
your vehicle.
Individual PSP’S
If you don’t wantto buy all the PSP’s
issued by Chevrolet for allcar or truck
models in the model year, you can buy
individual PSP’s, such as those which
may pertain to aparticular model. To do
this, you will first need to see our index
of PSP’s. It provides a varietyof
information. Here’s what you’ll find in
the index and how you can get one:
What bu’ll Find in the Index
A list of all PSPs published by
Chevrolet in a model year(1989 or
later). PSP’s covering all models of
Chevrolet cars or light trucks (less
than l0,OOO pounds (4536 kg)
G V W R ) are listed in thesame index.
Ordering information so you can buy
the specific PSP’s you may want.
Price information for the PSP’syou
may want to buy.
How bu Can Get an Index
Indexes are published periodically. Most
of the PSPs which could potentially
apply to the most recent Chevrolet
models will be listed in
the most recent
publication for that modelyear. This
means you may want to wait until the
end of the model year before ordering
an index, if you are interested in buying
PSP’s pertaining to acurrent model year
car ortruck.
Some PSP’s pertaining to a particular
model year vehiclemay be published in
later years, and these would be listed in
the later year’s index. When you order
an index for a model year thatis not
over yet, we’ll send you the most
recently published issue. Check the
ordering form for indexes forearlier
model years.
289
I . .
Customer Assistance Information
Chevrolet Service Publications
How You Can Get an Index(CONT.)
Cut out the ordering form, fill out,
it
and mail it in. We will then see to it that
an index is mailed to you.There is no
charge for indexes for the 1989-1993
model years.
Toll-F’ree Telephone Number
If you want an additional orderingform
for an index, just call toll-free andwe’ll
be happy to sendyou one. Automated
recording equipment will take your
name and mailing address. The number
to call is 1-800-551-4123.
190
A Very Important Reminder
These PSP’s are meant for technicians.
They are not meant for the “do-ityourselferl’ Technicians have the
equipment, tools, safety instructions,
and know-how to do a job quickly and
safely.
You can get theseby using the order
form.
Chevrolet Division service manuals are
intended for useby professional,
qualified technicians. Attempting repairs
or service without the appropriate
training, tools, and equipment could
cause injury to you or others and
damage to your vehicle thatmay cause it
not to operate properly.
1993 CHEVROLET SERVICE PUBLICATIONS ORDERING INFORMATION
The following publications covering the operation
and servicing of
pur vehicle can be purchasedby filling out the Service Publications Order Form
in this book and mailino it with wur check, money orderor credit card information toHelm, Incorporated (addresslisted below).
CURRENT PUBLICATIONSFOR 1993 CHEVROLET CAVALIER
SERVICE MANUALS
PRODUCT SERVICE PUBLICATIONS
Product Service Publications (PSP’s), are bulletins, letters and articles
Service Manualshave the diagnosis, repair and overhaul information
published for trained dealer service personnel. See Service Publicaon engines, transmission, axle, suspension, brakes, electrical, steertions listed previouslyin this section.
ing, body, etc.
A cumulative index is published quarterly during thecurrent model
Price list
Number by Chevrolet
Formin the model year.
Model
year. The indexes
all PSP’s published
1993
Chevrolet
Cavalier
. . . . . . . . . . . . . ST-366-93
$43.00
PSP Index
*Please specify special body or engine types on order form. Write
information in the Form Number column. For example: Turbo,
Number Year
Form
Convertible.
1993
PSPI-93 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Free
Free
1992
PSPI-92 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OWNER’S INFORMATION
...............................
Free
PSPI-91
1991
Owner
publications
are written directly
Owners
for andintended to proPSPI-90
1990
...............................
Free
vide basic operational information about the vehicle. The Owner’s
NOfE: Form Numbers for individual Product Service Publications may
Manual includes the Maintenance Schedule all
formodels.
for firstPSP and $2.00
be foundin the PSP Index. Prices are $4.00the
for each additional PSP on the same order.
1993 Chevrolet Cavalier Owner’s Manual
,
ManualandWarranty Booklet.
In Portfollo:Includes h ~ o l i oOwner‘s
PSP Bound Bulletin Book (Complete
Year Bulletins)
. . . . . ,10222122
$15.00
1993
Chevrolet
Cavalier
In-Portfolio
Price
Number
Year Form
Description
1991 All PSP’S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40.00 PSP-91-4
Without Portfolio:Includes Owner‘s Manual.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40.00PSP-90-4
1990AllPSP’S
1993
Chevrolet
Cavalier
Without
Portfolio
.lo202145
$11.00
For subscription informationcall Helm, Incorporated.
CURRENT & PAST MODEL ORDER FORMS
Service Publications are available for current
pastand
model Chevrolet
vehicles. To request an order form, please specify year and model
name of vehicle.
Address all inquiries to:
HELM, INCORPORATED
PO. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
Credit Card Orders ONLY: 1-800-782-4356
For information and inquiries
call: (313) 883-1430
291
...
I
NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and Check or Money
alsothename of theperson to whoseattentiontheshipmentshould be sent.Orderpayableto
For purchases outside
U.S.A. please writeto the above address for quotation.
Helm, Inc. (USA
0
TOTAL MATERIAL
~
funds only - do not
send cash.)
(ATTENTION)
TOTAL
i ~purchasers
h i ~
add 4% sales tax
Handling
Charge
~
I
$3.50
,
Canadian Postage/
Handlina U S . Funds)
0
0 VISA
$6.50
GRANDMastercard
Account
Number:
mm
ml
Check here i f your billing
address is different from your
shown.
address
shipping
~xpiration
Date molyr:
DAYTIME TELEPHONENO. CODE
(CUSTOMER SIGNATURE)
:Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring Obligation. NOTE: A l l listed prices are quoted
in U.S. funds. Canadian residentsareto make checks payable U.S.
in funds
be filledwithout the and are to indude$6.50 for additional postage and handling. Requests for InanUalS printed
in French should
Orders for Individual product service Pubfications cannot
,.
may be found in the psp Index, Your be directed 10 Canadian General Motors dealerships.
r l I.
ch
additionat psp costs $2.00,
PkaS8 allow adOqUat0 time for pOSml SOlVlCe.
.
,
!.L '
.
,
.
,
.
.
, .
.
Index
Adding
Brake Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . .222. 252
Electrical Equipment . . . . . . . . . .247
Engine Coolant . . . . . . .217. 250. 252
Engine Oil . . . . . . . . ..206. 250. 252
Hydraulic Clutch Fluid . . . . .2l5. 252
Power Steering Fluid . .220. 251. 252
Transaxle Fluid
Autornatic . . . . . . . . .213.250. 252
Manual . . . . . . . . . . .2l5. 250. 252
Windshield WasherFluid . . . . . . .220
Air Cleaner Filter . . . . . . . . . .209. 256
Air Conditioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Alcohol. Driving Under the
Influence of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
Alcohol in Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198
Aluminum Wheels
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .243
Removing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
122
Antenna ......................
Antifreeze . . . . . . . . . . . . .216. 250. 252
Anti-Lock Brake System . . . . . . . . .134
Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
Appearance Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .236
Ashtrays and Lighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Audio Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
AM/FM Stereo Radio . . . . . . . . . . 112
AM/FM Stereo Radio with
Cassette Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . .113
AM/FM Stereo Radio with Compact
Disc Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .116
Care of Audio Systems . . . . . . . . . 121
Radio Reception. Understanding . .121
Setting the Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Automatic Door Locks . . . . . . . . . . .50
Automatic Lap-Shoulder Belt
(see Safety Belts)
Automatic Transaxle
Adding Fluid . . . . . . . . .213, 250, 252
Brake-Transaxle Shift Interlock . . .61
Checking Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211
Shifting ...................... 60
Starting the Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
Battery Warning . . . . . . . . . . . .167. 223
Battery Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Blizzard. Caught In a . . . . . . . . . . . .159
Block Heater. Engine . . . . . . . . .59. 208
Blowout. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Brake
Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .221. 252
Master Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221
Parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Pedal Travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -136
Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Wear Indicators-Front Brakes . . . 135
Brake System Warning Light . . . . . . 100
Brake-Transaxle Shift
Interlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Brakes. Anti-Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Braking ....................... 132
Braking In Emergencies . . . . . . . . . .137
Braking Technique . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Break-In. New Vehicle
Normal Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
Buckling Up (see Safety Belts)
Bulb Replacement
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .224. 253
Taillight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .225. 253
295
Capacities & Specifications . . . . . .250
Carbon Monoxide in
Exhaust . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..70. 71.159
Cassette Tape Player
(see Audio Systems)
Center Console Ashtray . . . . . . . . . . .87
Center Passenger Position . . . . . . . . .32
Chains. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192. 236
Changing a Flat Tire . . . . . . . . . . . .184
Charging System Warning Light. . . -100
“Check Engine” Light . . . . . . . . . . . 102
“Check Gages” Light . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Checking
Brake Fluid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .221
Engine Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .217
Engine Oil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . .205
Hydraulic Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
Power Steering Fluid...........219
Safety Belt Systems . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Transaxle Fluid
Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .211
Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213
Checking Things Under theHood . . .201
Chemical Paint Spotting . . . . . . . . . 245
Child Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Children and Safety Belts . . . . . .33. 43
196
Cigarette Lighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87
Circuit Breakers 8z Fuses . . . . . . . .247
City Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .149
Cleaner. Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . .209. 256
Cleaning
Aluminum Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . .243
Antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .122
Bumpers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .242
Cassette Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Compact Discs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Fabric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .238
Glass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .241
Inside of Your Chevrolet . . . . . . .237
Instrument Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . .240
Leather and Vinyl . . . . . . . . . . . .240
Outside of Your Chevrolet . . . . . .241
Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .240
ScotchgardTMFabricProtection . .239
Special Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . .239
Textured-Surhce Bumper Coven . .242
Underbody Maintenance . . . . . . .245
Warnings .. .236. 237. 238. 240. 243
Waxing ..................... 243
Weatherstrips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .244
White Sidewall Tires . . . . . . . . . .243
Windshield . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .241
Clock. Setting the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Clutch. Hydraulic
Adding Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . .215. 252
Checking Fluid .............. -215
Comfort Controls
Air Conditioning System . . . . . . .107
Climate Control System . . . . . . . .106
Ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110
Compact Disc Player
(see Audio Systems)
Compact Spare Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . .191
Control of a Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Convenience Net . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
Convex Outside Mirror . . . . . . . . . . .85
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .216
Checking & Adding . . .217. 250. 252
Low Coolant Warning Light . . . . .97
Proper Mixture to Use .........216
Safety Warnings
About . . . .174. 176. 177.1781179.
217.218.219
Temperature Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Cruise Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Cup Holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87
Curves. Driving on . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
Customer Assistance Information . . .281
Daytime Running Lights . . . . . . . . -80
Dead Battery: What to Do ........ 164
Defects. Safety (see Safety Defects)
Defensive Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . .128
Defogger. Rear Window . . . . . . . . . .109
Defogging Your Windows . . . . .106. 109
Defrosting ....................
108
Dome Light .................... 82
Door Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
Downshifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65. W4
Driver Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
Driving .......................
123
At Night . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .143
City ........................
149
Controlling a Skid. . . . . . . . . . . . .142
Defensively . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -128
Drunken ....................
129
Freeway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Hill and Mountain . . . . . . . . . . . .154
In a Foreign Country . . . . . . . . . .199
In Fog, Mist and Haze . . . . . . . . . 148
In the Rain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .145
Long Distance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .152
Loss of Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142
On Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .138
Passing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .140
Through Deep Standing Water ....58
Winter Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157
Drunken Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .129
n
Easy-Entry Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Electrical Equipment. Adding . . . . .247
Emergencies. Braking ........... 137
Emergencies on theRoad . . . . . . . . .164
Emergencies. Steering in . . . . . . . . . 139
Emergency Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . .164
Emergency Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . .169
Engine Block Heater . . . . . . . . .59, 208
Engine Coolant (see Coolant)
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning
Gage (see Coolant)
Engine Identification . . . . . . . . .56. 246
Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .205
Additives ...................207
Checking &
Adding . . . . . . . . . . .205. 250. 252
Crankcase Capacity . . . . . . . . . . .250
Disposing of Used Oil . . . . . . . . .209
Energy Conserving . . . . . . . . . . . .207
Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..208. 256
Pressure Gage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98
When toChange . . . . . . . . . . . . . .208
Engine Overheating . . . . . . . . . . . . .174
Engine Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . .255
Engine, Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
Automatic Transaxle ...........57
Manual Transaxle. . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Ethanol in Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . .198
Exhaust
Dangerous Gas in . . . . . . . . . .70, 159
Parking with the Engine
Running . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..68, 71
Expectant Mothers, Use of
Safety Belts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Expressway Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Extender. Safety Belt . . . . . . . . . . . .-44
Exterior Appearance
(see Appearance Care)
Fabric Cleaning (see Appearance Care)
Fan Warnings . . . . . . . . . . .166.167.175
Filling the Fuel Tank ....... .200. 251
Filter. Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . .208, 250. 256
Flashers, Hazard Warning . . . . . . . . 164
297r
Flash-to-Pass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
Flat Tire ......................
184
Flooded Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
Fluid
Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..221. 252
Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .250
Hydraulic Clutch . . . . . . . . . .2l5. 252
Power Steering . . . . . . .219.251. 252
Transaxle
Automatic . . . . . . . ..211.250. 252
Manual . . . . . . . . . . .2l3. 250. 252
Windshield Washer. . . . . . . .220. 252
Fluids & Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . .252
Fog. Driving in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .148
Folding Rear Seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .l5
Freeway Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150
French Language Manual . . . . . . . . . .2
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
Alcohol in Fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .198
Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .197.251
Exhaust Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
Filling Your Tank . . . . . . . . .200. 251
Fuels with Alcohol . . . . . . . . . . . . 198
Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96
In Foreign Countries. . . . . . . . . . . 199
Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
198
Fuse Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .248 Headlight & Taillight. Removing and
Fuses & Circuit Breakers . . . . . . . . .247
Replacing . . . . . . . . . . .224. 225. 253
Headlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Flash-to-Pass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
High-Low Beam Changer. . . . . . . .81
Instrument Panel
Gaies
Intensity Control . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
Coolant Temperature . . . . . . . . . . .97
“On” Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96
Replacement Bulb . . . .224. 225. 253
Oil Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .249
Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95
Gasoline ......................
197 Heater
(see Comfort Controls)
Gasoline Tank.
-FillingYour ..............200. 251 Heater. Engine Block . . . . . . . . .59. 208
Gas Station Information..........304 High Beams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..81.144
Highway Hypnosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . .153
Gear Positions
Hill and Mountain Roads . . . . . . . . .154
(see Shlfing the Transaxle)
Hills. Parking on . . . . . . . . . . . .a.
155
Gearshift Lever
Hood Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .201
(see Shifting the Transaxle)
Warning. Overheated
Glove Box ....................i.,.53
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174
Graphic Equalizer (seeAudio Systems)
Horn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72
Hot Engine. Safety
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174. 202
Halogen Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . .224. 253 How to Use this Manual ...........6
Hazard Warning Flashers . . . . . . . . -164 Hydraulic Clutch . . . . . . . . . . .2l5. 252
Head Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Hydroplaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .147
Identification Number.
Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56. 246
Idling Your Engine . . . . . . . . . . ..68. 71
If You're Stuck: In
Sand. Mud. Ice or Snow . . . . . . . . 192
Ignition
Key ......................... 48
Key Release Button . . . . . . . . . . . .55
Positions ..................... 55
Illuminated Entry System. . . . . . . . . .50
Indicator Lights (seeWarning Lights)
Infant Restraint (see Child Restraints)
Inflation. Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .230
Inside Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . .85
Instrument Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
Instrument PanelWming'Lights . . . .96
Intermittent Windshield Wipers. . . . . 83
J
.................... 185
ack.
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
K e y Release Button . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
Keys .......................... 48
L a n e Change Indicator . . . . . . . . . . .73
Lap-Shoulder Safety Belt. . . . . . . . . .23
Front ..................... 23. 27
Rear ........................ 28
Use by Children . . . . . . . . . . . .33. 43
Latches. Seatback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Liftgate
Ajar Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Lock ........................ 52
Lock Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Safety Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Lighter ........................ 87
Lights
Daytime Running Lights. . . . . . . . . 80
Dome/Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82
Flash-to-Pass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Headlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Instrument Panel Intensity Control . . . 81
Rear Compartment . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Removing & Replacing
Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . .224, 225, 253
Replacement Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Taillights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .225. 253
Turn Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Warning Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Loading Your Vehicle . . . . . . . .91. 227
Locks ......................... 49
Long Distance Driving . . . . . . . . . .152
Low Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
Low Oil Pressure Warning . . . . . . . . 98
Luggage Carrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Maintenance Record . . . . . . . . . . . 279
Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . 259
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(Check Engine Light) . . . . . . . . . . 102
Manual Front Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Manual Sunroof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88
Manual Transaxle
Adding Fluid . . . . . . . .215. 250, 252
Checking Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213
Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Starting the Engine . . . . . . . . . . . .56
Master Cylinder. Brake . . . . . . . . . .221
Methanol in Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . 198
Mileage Indicator
(see Odometer & Speedometer)
Mirrors
Convex Outside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Inside Manual Day/Night . . . . . . .85
299
m
..
Index
Manual Adjust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85 Owner Checks & Services . . . . . . . .271 Radiator Overheating
Manual Remote Control . . . . . . . . . 86 Owner’s Manual. How to Use . . . . . . . 6
(see Overheated Engine)
Mountain Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
Radiator Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Radio (seeAudio Systems)
E i n t Spotting. Chemical . . . . . . . . .245 Reading Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
N e w Vehicle Break-In
Park. Shifting Into . . . . . . . . . . . .60. 67 Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides. . . .30
Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 Parking
Rear Seat. Split Fold-Down . . . . . . . . 15
Night Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
On Hills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60. 155 Rearview Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Over Things That Burn . . . . . . . . . 70 Rear Window Defogger . . . . . . . . . . 109
Torque Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . .157. 251 Reclining Seatbacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Octane Requirements
With the Engine
Replacement Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . .253
Running . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60. 68. 71 Replacement Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . -248
(see Fuel Requirements)
Odometer & Speedometer . . . . . . . . . 94 Parking Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . .256
Oil. Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .205 Passenger Belts (seeSafety Belts)
Replacement. Windshield Wiper . . .227
Pressure Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Passing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77. 140 Replacing Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Replacing Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .232
Quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 Polishing andWaxing
Thickness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .207
Replacing Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . .234
(see Appearance Care)
Used Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -209 Power Door Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50 Reporting Safety Defects . . . . . . . . .286
When to Add . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .206 Power Steering Fluid . . . . .219. 251. 252 Restraints.Child . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -35
When to Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . .208 Power Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Road Signs ....................
124
Oil Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98
Color ...................... 124
Power Window Lock-out
Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Shape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Operation of Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Outside Rearview Mirrors . . . . . . . . . 85 Pregnancy. Use of Safety Belts
Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Traffic Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Overheated Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174
During ...................... 27
Overheated EngineCoolant
Problems on the Road . . . . . . . . . . . 163
Your Own Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . .127
Warning Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97 Publications (seeService Publications)
Roads. Hill and Mountain . . . . . . . . 154
Rocking Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Stuck. If You Are . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192
Roof Luggage Carrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Rotation. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .231
SAdults
afety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.......................
17
22
Automatic Lap-Shoulder Belt. . . . .23
Care ....................... 240
Center Passenger Position . . . . . . .32
Checking .................... 45
Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33. 43
Child Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Child Restraints-How to
Install Them . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Child Restraints.
Where to Put . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240
Driver Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Extender ..................... 44
How to Wear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Passenger Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Pregnancy, Use During . . . . . . . . . . 27
Questions & Answers . . .21. 25.
45
Rear Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . :. .45
44.
Right Front. Adult Passenger . . . .27
Smaller Children
and Babies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
TopStrap .................... 36
Torn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Twisted ..................... 26
Vehicles First Sold in Canada . . . .23
Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . .18. 22
Why You Should Wear
Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Safety Defects. Reporting . . . . . . . .286
Scheduled Maintenance Services . .262
Seat Belts (see Safety Belts)
Seat Controls
Easy-Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Manual 4-Way Adjustable . . . . . . . 14
Manual Front Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Manual Reclining Seatback . . . . . . 12
Seat. Split Fold-Down Rear . . . . . . 15
Seats. Split Folding.
Rear Wagon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Seatback Latches . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Service Parts Identification
Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246
Service Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . 288
Service Publications Order Form . .291
Service Station Information . . . . . . 304
Setting the Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Setting the Trip Odometer . . . . . . . .95
Shift Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65. 101
Shifting Into P (Park) . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Shifting Out of P (Park) . . . . . . . . . .69
Shifting the Transaxle
Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Manual Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Signaling Turns . . . . . . . . . . . . .73, 127
Signs. Road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .124
Skidding ......................
142
Snow or Ice. Driving On . . . . . . . . . 158
Snowstorm. If You’re
Caught in a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Sound Equipment. Adding . . . . . . . . 111
Sound Systems (see Audio Systems)
Spare Tire. Compact . . . . . . . . . . . . 191
Specifications & Capacities . . . . . .250
Speed Control (see Cruise Control)
Speedometer & Odometer . . . . . . . . .94
Trip Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Stains. Removing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .239
Starting Your Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Manual Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Starting Your Vehicle if the Battery
is Dead (see Jump Starting)
30 I
Index
Steering
In Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Off-Road Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
138
Steering Wheel. Tilt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Stereo Sound Systems
(see Audio Systems)
Storing Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . .223
Stuck. IfYou Are . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192
Sunroof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Sun Visors ..................... 86
Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Taillight Bulb Replacement.. . .225. 253
Tape Player (seeAudio Systems)
Technical Facts & Specifications
Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Electrical Equipment. Add-on . . .247
Fluid Capacities & Types . . .250, 252
Fuses & Circuit Breakers . . . . . . -247
Service Parts Identification
Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246
Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56. 246
Temperature Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
102
Theft ......................... 53
Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Tilt Steering Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73
Time. Setting the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .111
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229
Buying New . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -232
Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192.236
Flat. Changing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Inflation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230
Inspection & Rotation . . . . . . . . . . 231
Loading .................... 230
Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230
Quality Grading . . . . . . . . . . . . . .232
Spare. Compact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191
Tread Wear Indicators . . . . . . . . . -231
Wheel Alignment and
Tire Balance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .234
Wheel Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . 234
When to Replace Wheels . . . . . . . 234
Winter Driving and Tires . . .157. 236
Top Strap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Torque Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .161
Towing Your Chevrolet . . . . . . . . . . 169
Traffic Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .161
Transaxle. Automatic
(see Automatic Transaxle)
Transaxle. Manual
(see Manual Transaxle)
Transmission. Automatic
(see Automatic Transaxle)
Transmission. Manual
(see Manual Transaxle)
Trip Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95
Trunk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Trunk Cargo Anchors . . . . . . . . . . 54
Trunk Convenience Net. . . . . . . . . 54
Trunk/Liftgate
Release, Lockout. . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Turn Signal Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . -73
Turn SignaYHeadlight Beam Lever. . .73
Cruise Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74
Headlight High/Low Beam . . . . . . 81
Turn & Lane Change Indicator . . .73
Unleaded Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
Upholstery Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .238
Upshift Indicator Light . . . . . . . .65. 101
Urban Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Vehicle Damage Warnings . . . . . . . . .7 Warning Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Anti-Lock Brake System. . . . . . . .101
Vehicle Identification Number
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .lo0
(VIN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56. 246
Brake ......................
100
Vehicle Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . .91. 227
Charging System..............lo0
Vehicle Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223
Check Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Vehicles First Sold in Canada . . . . . .23
Check Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102
Ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . ..106. 108.110
Check Gages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
VIN ...................... 56. 246
Liftgate Ajar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Visor Vanity Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
Low Coolant..................97
Oil .........................
98
Safety
Belt
...............
.18,
22
Wagon
Upshift Indicator . . . . . . . . . . .65, 101
Folding Rear Seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Liftgate Ajar Light . . . . . . . . . . . .102 Washer. Windshield . . . . . .84.220, 252
Liftgate Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52 Weight
Gross Axle Rating (GAWR) . . . . .227
Liftgate Release Button . . . . . . . . .52
Gross Vehicle Rating
Rear Compartment Light . . . . . . . .82
(GVWR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .227
Roof Luggage Carrier . . . . . . . . . . .91
Taillight Bulb Replacement. . .225, 253 Wheel Alignment and
Tire Balance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .234
Warning Flashers. Hazard . . . . . . . .164
Wheel Covers. How to Remove . . . . 188
Wheel Nuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
Wheel Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . .190. 251
Wheel Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234
Windows
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72. 249
Standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71
Windshield Washer . . . . . .84. 220. 252
Windshield Washer Fluid . . . 8 4 . 220. 252
Windshield Wipers . . . . . . . . . .83. 249
Cleaning .................... 241
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .227
Winter Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157
Driving On Snow or Ice. . . . . . . . 158
If Your Vehicle is Stuck in
Deep Snow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .160
If You’re Caught in a
Blizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Wrecker Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .169
Service Station Information
wmusme\a wasner Iswu
See Page 220
Battery
/
The Delco Freedom@ battery needs
no water. See Page 223
Transaxle Fluid
/
Automatic: See Page 211
Manual: See Page 213
See Tire-Loading Information
label on the driver’s door.
See Page 230
e Tirt .
Compact Spare: 60 psi (42G &a)
See Page 191
See Page 197
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