Craftsman 502.270210 Product specifications

owner's
Model No,
502.270210
CAUTION:
Read And Follow
All Safety Rules
And Instructions
13.5 HP. ELECTRIC START
30" MOWER / MULCHER
5 SPEED
REAR ENGINE RIDER
Before Operating
This Equipment.
•
•
°
°
Assembly
Operation
Customer Responsibilities
Service And Adjustment
...............
F-98668
ii
Sears, Roebuck and Co., Hoffman Estates, IL. 60179 U.S.A°
Printed in U S,,A.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
WARRANTY. .........................................
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES ......................
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS .........................
SAFETY RULES .....................................
RESPONSIBILITY OF THE OWNER ....................
ACCESSORIES AND ATTACHMENTS ..................
ASSEMBLY .........................................
MAINTENANCEFREEBATTERY ...........................
HOWTO ASSEMBLETHE STEERING WHEEL ..............
HOWTO ASSEMBLE1rile HUB CAPS ......................
CHECKTHE TIRES .........................................
CHECKTHE DRIVEBRAKE ................................
CHECKTHE BELTS..........................................
HOW TO INSTALL THE SEAT
2
18
4
HOW TO REMOVE AND INSTALL THE BLADE ................
19
5
7
8
HOW
HOW
HOW
HOW
HOW
19
20
21
21
22
9
9
BATTERY SERVICE .......................................
HOW TO CHARGE THE BATTERY ............................
22
22
WHERE TO LUBRICATE .........................................
HOW TO CHECK THE OIL .............................................
HOW TO CHANGE THE OIL ..........................................
23
24
24
HOW TO CLEAN THE COOLING SYSTEM ...................
HOW 7'0 CHECK THE MUFFLER ..........................
HOW TO CLEAN THE AIR FILTERS ............................
24
24
25
10
.........................................
18
CHECK THE TIRES ........................................
11
TO
_O
TO
TO
TO
CHART
......................
3
9
9
9
10
...............................
RESPONSIBIIJTIES
MAINTENANCE
6
CHECK THE LEVEL OF THE MOWER HOUSING ................
OPERATION
CUSTOMER
3
_.................................
18
SHARPEN THE BLADE ...............................
ADJUST THE ATTACHMENT CLUTCH .................
CHECK AND ADJUST THE DRIVE BRAKE ...........
CHECK AND ADJUST THE CLUTCH ................
REMOVE THE SIDE PANEL .......................
LOCATION OF CONTROLS .................................
HOW TO USE THE THROTTLE CONTROL ...................
11
12
HOW TO USE THE ATTACHMEN_t ' CLUTCH ..................
HOW TO USE THE SHIFT LEVER ............................
12
12
HOW TO ADJUST THE CARBURETOR .........................
HOW TO ADJUST THE THROTTLE CONTROL ..............
26
26
HOW =TOSET THE PARKING BRAKE .........................
HOW TO CHANGE THE CUTTING HEIGHT ....................
13
13
HOW TO REMOVE THE MOWER HOUSING .....................
HOW TO iNSTALL THE MOWER HOUSING ...........................
27
27
HOW TO STOP THE UNIT ........................................
HOW TO TRANSPORT THE UNIT ...............................
13
13
HOW TO LEVEL THE MOWER HOUSING .........................
HOW TO REPLACE THE MOTION DRIVE BELT ....................
28
29
HOW TO OPERATE WrfH THE MOWER HOUSING ............
HOW TO OPERATE THE UNIT ON HILLS ..........................
14
14
15
HOW TO REPLACE THE MOWER DRIVE BELT .............
HOW TO REPLACE THE FUSE .................................
HOW TO SET THE CUTTING HEIGHT ......................
30
31
31
t5
15
HOW TO CLEAN THE MOWER HOUSING ....................
FRONT WHEEL ALIGNMENT ...................................
31
31
BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE ..............................
HOW TO START THE ENGINE ......................................
HOW TO START WITH A WEAK BATTERY
HOW TO CHANGE THE MULCHER PLATE
.........................
.........................
OPERATING TIPS .........................................................
MOWING AND BAGGING TIPS ......................................
MULCHING TIPS ............................................
/
__
_
_L _
. .
HOW TO CHECK THE SPARK PLUG ..........................
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENT
.........................
25
26
16
17
STORAGE (OVER 30 DAYS) .........................................
TROUBLE
SHOOTING
CHART ........................
32
33
17
SLOPE
GUIDE
34
17
INDEX
..............................................
....
.
.......................................
_.
35
i,,_,i
:
,,,_: _ ....
•
LIMITED TWO YEAR WARRANTY
ON ELECTRIC START RIDING EQUIPMENT
"11
l_J
E!
For two (2) years from the date of purchase, if this riding equipment is maintained,
lubricated and tuned up according to the
instructions
in the owner s manual, Sears wUl repair or reptace, free of charge, any parts found to be defective in material or
workmanship..
I I
! _1
II
This warranty does not cover:
I l
•
Expendable
items which become
wom during normal use, such as blades,
spark plugs, air cteaners
and belts_
•
•
Tire replacement or repair caused by punctures from outside objects, such as nails, thorns, stumps or' glass.
Repairs necessary because of operator- abuse, negligence, improper storage or accident or the failure to maintain
.
equipment according to the instructions
Riding equipment used for commercial
I I
I I
I !
the
contained in the owner's manual°
or rental purposes_
/ I
!1
II
I!
LIMITED 90 DAY WARRANTY ON BATTERY
I
For' 90 days from the date of purchase,
if any battery incfuded with this riding
workmanship and our' testing determines
the battery will not hold a charge,
WARRANTY
SERVICE
CENTER/DEPARTMENT
IS AVAILABLE
IN THE
BY RETURNING
UNITED
THE RIDING
equipment
proves defective
Sears will replace
EQUIPMENT
the battery
TO THE NEAREST
in material
or
at no charge,
l!
!i
SEARS SERVICE
STATES.
I I
II
II
This warranty gives you specific
legal rights, and you may also have other rights which may vary from state to state,
il
!1
Sears,
F-98668
Roebuck
and Co., D/871WA, Hoffman
2
Estates,
Illinois
60179
I
! !
/.!1
......
Congratulations on your purchase of a Sears Rider It has been
designed, engineered and manufactured to give you the best
Poss!ble dependability and performance
if you experience any problems you cannot easily remedy, please
see your nearest Sears Service Department We have competent,
welt trained technicians and the proper tools to service or repair this
unit.
Please read and keep this manual The instructions will enable you
to assemble and maintain your unit properly. Always observe the
"Safety Rules".,
NOTE: This unit is equipped with an intemaf Combustion engine and
must not be used on or near any unimproved forest-covered,
brush-covered or grass-covered land unless the engine's exhaust
system is equipped with a spark arrester meeting applicable local
or state laws (if any)_ If a spark arrester is used, it must be
maintained in effective working order by the operator
In the State of California, the above is required by law (Section 4442
of the California Public Resources Code) Other states may have
similar lawsoFederal laws apply on federal lands See an Authorized
Service Center for a spark arrester for the muffler
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES
Carefully read and follow the rules for safe operation Inspect
the unit.,
o
Follow all the assembly instructions
Carefully adjust the unit
Know how to operate all standard and accessary equipment on
the unit Make sure the operator can correctly operate the unit
e
Operate the unit only with guards, shields and other safety
items in place and working correctly
e
Complete all maintenance on the unit. Service the unit only with
authorized or approved replacement parts
See the Maintenance Chart
MAINTENANCE
AGREEMENT
A Sears Maintenance Agreement is available on this uniL See the
nearest Sears Store for inforrnaliom
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
Engine ..................
13,,5 HP,,
Charging System .........
3 amperes at 3600 rpm
Rear Engine
Rider
Fuel Tank Size ...........
1 gallon
Record in the space below the sedal number and the date
of purchase of this uniL
Type of Fuel .............
Unleaded Regular
The model number and serial number are found on a decal
attached to the rear of the frame.
Oil Capacity ......................
32 ounces (1 quart)
Oil Type .................
Above 32 degrees SAE 30
........................................
Below 32 degrees SAE 5W30
Model Number: 502.270210
Spark Plug (Gap 0 030")
.. Champion RJ4C
Tire Air Pressure .........
Front 22 psi (See tire sidewall)
Tire Air Pressure .........
Rear 14 psi (See tire sidewall)
All Gear Transaxle ........
5 forward speeds and I reverse
Ground Speed Range .....
Forward 4.3 mph
................................
Reverse 2.1 mph
Tilt Seat .................
Tilts forward to access the battery
Mower Housing ..........
Fuf]-fl0atingsuspension,oneblade
Cutting Height
8 positions from 11/2to 4 inches
...........
Blade Nut Torque .........
F-98668
30 foot-pounds
(ft-lbs)
Serial Number:
Date of Purchase:
Keep these numbers for future reference°
OWNER'S
INFORMATION
SAFETY RULES
Safe Operation Practices for Ride-on Mowers
WARNING: This cutting machine is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects, Failure to observe the
following safety instructions could result in serious injury or death.
I.
General
operation
1o Read, understand and followall instructions in the InstructionBook, on the machine, the engine and with any attachments before starting..
2.. Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with the instructions,to operate the machine.
3.. Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire, etc_,which could be picked up and thrown by the blade.
4.. Be sure the area is clear of other people before mowing.. Stop the machine if anyone enters the area_
5. Never carry passengers..
6.. Turn off power to the blades or any attachments before backing up_Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary_ Always look
down and behind before and while backing_
7, Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do not point it at anyone. Do not operate the mower without either the entire grass bagger
or the mower guard in place,
8. Slow down before turning.
9_ Never leave a machine unattended with the engine running,,Always turn off the blade(s), set the parking brake, stop the engine and
remove the key before dismounting.
10.. Turn off power to attachment(s) when transporting or not in use,.Turn off the blade(s) when not mowing,
11., Stop the engine before removing the grass bagger or unclogging the chute.
12. Mow only in daylightor good artificial light,
13. Do notoperate the machine while under the influence of alcohol or drugs or'when very tired_
14,. Watch for trafficwhen operating near or crossing rpadways,
15_ Use extra cautionwhen loading or unloading the machine into a trailer'or'truck,.
16,. Always wear goggles, safety gtasses, or an eye shield when you operate the unit to protect your eyes from foreign objectsthat can be
thrown from the unit° Always wear eye protection when you make an adjustment or repair to the machine,,
17,. Use care when pullingloads or using heavy equipment.
a_. Use only approved drawbar hitch points°
b. Limit loads to those you can safely control,,
co Do not turn sharply, Use care when backing_
d. Use counterweightsor wheel weights when suggested in the instructionBook.
lB. Do notoperate thismachine if you are taking drugs or other'medicationwhich can cause drowsiness or affect your abilityto operate
this machine.
19. Do notuse this machine if you are mentally or'physically unable to operate this machine safely.
II. Slope operation
Slopes and rough terrain are major factors related to loss-of-control and tip-over accidents, which can result in severe injury
or death. ALL slopes require extra caution. If you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on the slope, do not mow it. See
the "Slope Guide" in the back of this book to check for safe operation.
DO
1,.
2o
3.
4.
5.
6.
7_.
Mow up and down slopes, not across.,
Remove obstacles such as rocks, limbs, etc..x,
Watch for holes, ruts or bumps. Uneven terrain could overtum the machine. Taftgrass can hide obstacles
Follow the manufacturer's recommendations for wheel weights or counterweights to improve stability,,
Use extra care with grass baggers or other attachments, they can change the stability of the machine.,
Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual,. Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction_
Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If tires lose traction, turn off the blades and proceed slowly straight down the slope,.
DO NOT
1.
2,
3.
4.
5.
Do not turn on slopes unless absolutely necessary, then only turnslowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
Do not mow drop-offs, ditches or embankments. A wheel over the edge or an edge caving in could cause a sudden overtum and an
injury or death._
Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction could cause sliding_
Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your foot on the ground.
Do not use a grass bagger or other rear mounted accessories on steep slopes (greater than 10 degrees)_
111,Children
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to the presence of chitdren. Children are often attracted to the machine and
the mowing activity, NEVER assume that children will remain where you last saw them.
1_ Keep children out of the mowing area and in the watchful care of another responsible adult.
2o Be alert and rum the engine off if children enter the area.
3. Before and when backing, look behind and down for small children.
F-98668
4
OWNER'S
4.
5.
6,
INFORMATION
Never carry children or any passengers, even with the blades off,.They may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with the safe
operation of the machine_
Never allow children to operate the machine., Instruct children in the potential dangers of the machine°
Use extra care when approaching blind comers, shrubs, trees or other objects that may obscure vision°
IV. Service
1,
Use extra care when handling gasoline and other fuels Fuels are flammable and the vapors are explosive.
ao Use only an approved container_
b Never remove the gas cap or add fuel with the engine running Allow the engine to cool for several minutes before refueling Do
not smoke.
c, Never refuel the machine indoors,
d. Never store the machine with fuel in the tank or fuel container inside where there is an open flame, such as a water heater.
2_ Never start or run the engine inside a closed area,.
3, Keep all nuts and bolts, especially the blade attachment nuts tight. Frequently check the blade(s) for wear or damage such as cracks
and nicks. A blade that is bent or damaged must be immediatelyreplaced with an original equipment blade from an authorized service
dealer, For safety, replace the blade ever/two years,, Keep the equipment in good condition,,
4. Never tamper with the safety devices. Check their proper operation regularly,
5, To reduce fire hazards, keep the machine free of grass, leaves or other debris build-up Clean up oil or fuel spills., Allow the machine
to cool before storing,,
6,, Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an object Repair, if necessary, before restarting,
7,, Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine running.. The carburetor can be adjusted with the engine running, Do not change
the engine governor settings or over-speed the engine
8o Grass bagger components are subject to wear, damage and deterioration, which could expose moving parts or allow objects to be
thrown, For storage, always make sure the grass bag is empty,,Frequently check components and replace with manufaclurer's recommended parts when necessary.,
9, Mowerblade(s) are sharp and can cut. Wrap the blade(s) orwear gloves and use extra caution when servicing them or the blade housing
area°
10. Check the brake operation frequently, Adjust and service as required°
11. Wait for all movement to stop before servicing any part of the uniL
precautions.
symbol
indicates:
"Attention!
Look for this This
symbol
to indicate
important
safety
Become Alert! Your Safety Is At Risk."
RESPONSIBILITY
Environmental
o
.
•
o
•
•
OF THE OWNER
Awareness
Do not fillthe engine's fuel tank completely full
Drain fuel for off-season storage_
Use only unleaded gasoline
Service the air cleaner reguladyo
Change oil regularly_Use 30W oil in summer.
Tune-up the engine regularly,
Keep equipment in efficient operating condition_
Dispose of used engine oil properly
Look for this symbol to indicate important safety
precautions, This symbol indicates: "Attentionl
Become Alert! Your Safety Is At Risk."
1=-98668
ACCESSORIES
ACCESSORIES
AND ATTACHMENTS
AND ATTACHMENTS
These accessories and attachments were available when the unit was purchased_They are also available at most Sears retail outlets,
catalog and service centers. Most Sears stores can order these items for youwhen you provide the model number of your dding mower,
ENGINE
MAINTENANCE
..........
SPARK PLUG
MUFFLER
AIR FILTER
GASCAN
ill
ENGINEOIL
STABILIZER
BLADES
BELTS
PERFORMANCE
Sears offers a wide variety of attachments that fit your riding mower. Many of these are listed below with bdef explanations of how they can
help you° This list was current at the time of publication; however, it may change in future years- more attachments may be added, changes
may be mode in these attachments, or some may no longer be available or fit your model Contact your nearest Sears store for the
accessories and attachments that are available for your unit,
Most of these attachments do not require additional hitches or conversion kits (those that do are indicated) and are designed for easy
attaching and detaching,,
GRASS BAGGER lets you collectgrass clippings and leaves for a
healthier,neater looking lawn. Two Grass containers hold 33 gallon
disposable plastic bags and offers7 bushel capacity,
CORING AERATOR takes small plugs out of soil to allow moisture
and nutrientsto reach grass roots,, 36-inch swath_ 24 hardened
2oS-inchsteel coringtips. 150-lb. weight tray.
LAWN SWEEPERS let you collect grass clippings and leaves_
AERATOR promotes deep root growth for a healthy lawno Tapered
25-inch steel spikes mounted on 10-inch diameter disc puncture
holes in soil at close intervals to let moisture soak in. Steel weight
tray for increased penetration°
LAWN VACS for powerfulcollection of heavy grass clippings and
leaves. Wand attachmentto pick up debris in hard-to-roach places,
CARTS make hauling easy,.Vadety of sizes available_
MULCH RAKE/DETHATCHER loosens soil and flips thatch and
matted leaves to lawn surface for easy pickup. Twenty spring fine
teeth°Useful to prepare bare areas for seeding. Available for front
or rear mounting,
ROLLER for smoother' lawn surface. 36-inch wide, 18-inch
diameter water-tight drum holds up to 390-1bs. of weight. Rounded
edges prevent harm totuff_Adjustable scraper automatically cleans
drum,
SPRAYERS use 12-volt DC electdc motor that connects to the
riding mower battery or other 12-volt source. Includes booms for
automatic spraying when pulling, and hand held wand for spot
spraying_ Wand has adjustable spray pattern. For applying
herbicides,insecticides,fungicides and liquid feriilizers,
SPREADER/SEEDERS make seeding, fertilizing and weed kiIling
easy, Broadcast spreaders are also useful for granular deicers and
sand_
NOTE: Do not use pull-behind attachments on slopes that are greater than 10 degrees.
F-98668
6
ASSEMBLY
5.,
PREPARATION
The unit is completely assembled except for the items shown in
Figure 1oThese items are in the carton along with a parts bag. The
parts bag contains the fasteners needed to complete the assembly
of the unit. Find and remove these items.,Do not discard any parts
or matedal until the unit is assembled..
Phillipsscrewdriver
6. Low Tire pressure gauge
7_, Knife
8
Socket Set (Optional)
Seat
HOW TO REMOVE FROM THE CARTON
To remove the unit from the carton, follow the instructions below..
1_
2.
Open the top of the carton.
Remove the wood frame at the top of the carton.,
3.
Cut each comer of the carton from the top to the bottom with a
knife,, Lower the sides of the carton to the ground..
4,,
Move the shift lever to the neutral (N) position..
SteeringWheel
NOTE: See the Operation section, page 11, for the location
of the controls.
5.,
if the parking brake is engaged, completely
clutch/brake pedal to release the brake_
6_
Move the lift lever to the highest position,
CAUTION: Check the bottom of the carton for staples.
Remove any staples that are in the path of the tires.
7,,
From the back ofthe ridingmower, carefully pull the riding mower backwards off the wood frame..
TOOLS YOU NEED TO ASSEMBLE
1.
push the
Seat Bracket
THE UNIT
Adjustable wrench (2 required)
2,_ Open end wrench 1f2" -9/I6"
3,
Open end wrench 7/16"-!/2"
4o
Blade type screwdriver
Pa_s Bag
Owner's Manual
Figure I
MOWER PARTS BAG - CONTENTS
The fasteners and other loose parts are shown below,, The fasteners are shown at full size_The quantity is shown in brackets (),
On some models, all of the fasteners are not required°
18X1_6
lxi02
(1) Hex Bolt
5/16".-18x11_"
STD523t15
1x45
_t2)
,exBo_t
16",-18X_/8
STD523106
(3) Carriage Bolt
STD533107
(2) Lockwasher
STD551131
54148
(1) Cover,Battery
Terminal
t 5x88
(4) Flange Nut
5/I 6".-t 8
STD54143t
Q
1x38
(2) HexBolt
l14"-20x_lB"
STD523106
F-98668
15x66
(2) Locknut
V4"-20
STD541425
9t 275
(2) ignition Key
MAINTENANCE
4,,
FREE BATTERY
IMPORTANT: Before you attach the battery cables to the
battery, check the battery date. The battery date tells if the
battery must be charged.
1,,
Check the battery date on top of the battery (Figure 2)°
2,
if tile battery is put into service before the battery date, the
battery cables can be attached without charging the battery.
See "How To install The Battery Cabtes'L
3o
HOW TO INSTALL THE BATTERY
NOTE:
battery
THE MAINTENANCE
and
CABLES
the
positive To
(+)prevent
terminalsparks,
before fasten
you connect
black
WARNING:
the redthe
cable
to
cable_
_
if the battery is put into service after the battery date, the
battery must be charged. See "How To Charge The
Maintenance Free Battery"°
HOW TO CHARGE
tnstail the battery, See "How To Install The Battery" in the
Customer Responsibilities section.
Before you attach the battery cables, make sure the
is fully charged. This will extend the life of the battery
provide
the necessary
power to start the engine°
Use the fasteners shown below toinstalithe
fasteners areshown atfullsizeo
battery cables The
FREE BATTERY
lx38
smoke.
KeepWhen
the battery
away from
sparks.
WARNING:
you charge
the any
battery,
do The
not
fumes from the battery acid can cause an explosion.
_
to
Remove the protective caps from the battery terminals,,
Remove the battery. See"How To Remove The Battery" in the
Customer Responsibilities section,
2.
Remove the protective caps from the battery terminals..
3o
Use a 12 volt battery charger to charge the battery. Charge at
a rate of 6 amperes for one hour: If you do net have a battery
charger, have an authorized service center charge the battery_
15x66
2.
If equipped, slide the terminal cover' onto the red cable
(Figure 2),.Fasten the red cable to the positive (+) terminal
with the fasteners as shown,.Push the terminal cover onto the
battery terminal°
3.,
Fasten the black cable to the negative (-) terminal with the
fasteners as shown.
Positive (+)
Terminal
Battery [
Black Cable
Battery
Terminal Cove_
A
A
Red
Cabte
Battery Clamp
Figure 2
1:-98668
8
ASSEMBLY
HOW TO ASSEMBLE
THE STEERING WHEEL
Use the fasteners shown below to installthe steering wheel The
fasteners are shown at full size.,
Q
1.,
(A)
(B)
lx102
15x88
Steering Wheel
Make sure the front wheels point forward.,
B
Some models have an optional bellows, Slide the bellows
over the steering post,,Make sure the collar of the bellows is
on top (Figure 3).,
Bellows
Steenng Post
Attach the steering wheel to the steering post with the fasteners,,Tighten the fasteners,
3,
Figure 3
CHECK THE TIRES
Check the air pressure in the tires,,Tires with toomuch air pressure
will cause the unit to ride rough. Also, the wrong air pressure wilt
keep the mower housing from cutting level, The correct air pressure
(PSI) is as follows.
Front Tires
Rear Tires
CHECKTHE
The
1.
2o
3.,
4.
Mower Drive Belt
22 PSI (1.5 BAR)
14 PSI (i BAR)
Transaxle Pulley
1tiler Putley
DRIVEBRAKE
drive brake can be easily checked as follows_
Set the parking brake., See page 13_
Move the shift lever to the neutral (N) position°
Push the unit°
If the rear wheels rotate, adjust the drive brake,, See "How To
Check And Adjust The Drive Brake" in the Customer
Responsibilities section,,
CHECK THE BELTS
- - Figure 4
Check the routing of the belts. Make sure the belts are not twisted.
Make sure the belts are inside all the belt guides (Figure 4)°
F-98668
9
...............................
ASSEMBLY
HOW
TO INSTALL
THE
SEAT
Use the fasteners shown belowto instal!the seal The fastenersare
shown at full size.,
Seat Hinge
iiiiii!ltti
'"(Ai .....
(S)
lx45
18x16
2x53
15x88
Seat Bracket
(D)
Set the seat bracket on the seat support (Figure 5). Pull the
wire harness between the seat hinge and the seat brackeL
C
2,,
Fasten the seat bracket to the seat support with the fasteners_ Do not tighten the fasteners.
3.
Carefully remove the protectivesleeve and the plastic bag from
the seat, Do not damage the wire attached to the bottom of the
seat,.
4_
Align the holes in the seat hinge to the holes in the seat
(Figure 6)., Fasten the seat to the seat hinge with the fasteners
as shown. Tighten the fasteners
5_
Check the operating position of the seat. if the seat needs to
be adjusted, slide the seat bracket forward or backward along
the seat adjusting holes as shown.To keep the seat straight,
tighten the rear nut and then tightenthe two front nuts.
6,,
Fasten the connector to the wire harness. Make sure the tab
on the connector locksinto the wire harness.
Figure 5
WARNING: For correct and safe operation of the unit,
fasten the connector to the wire harness, if the
connector is not attached, the engine will stop when
the attachment clutch is engaged.
CHECK
THE
LEVEL
OF THE MOWER
HOUSING
NOTE: After the unit is fully assembled, read the Operation
section,
The level of cut was set at the factory,.Tocheckthe level ofcut, mow
a short distance and look at the area that was cut. If the mower
F-98668
housing does not cut level, see the instructions on "How To Level
The Mower Housing" in the Service And Adjustment section of this
instructionbook.
10
OPERATION
Clutch
Clutch I Brake
Pedal
Throttle Control
Lever
Shift Lever
Lift Lever
ignitionSwitch
L
I
I
Figure 7
The operation of any lawn mower can result in foreign objects thrown in the eyes, which can result in severe eye
damage. Always wear safety glasses or eye shields before starting your lawn mower and while mowing. We recommend the Wide Vision Safety Mask for over the spectacles or standard safety glasses, available at Sears Retail or
Catalog Stores.
LOCATION OF CONTROLS
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH:
Usethe
PARKING
attachment clutch to
start and stop the rotation of the blade_
BRAKE LEVER: Usethe parkingbrake
lever
to engage the brake when you leave the unit°
CLUTCH / BRAKE PEDAL: Thepedalhastwofunctions_
The first function is a clutch. The second function is a brake,
SHIFT LEVER: Usetheshiftlevertochange
the speed
of the
unit.,
IGNITION
SWITCH:
Usethe ignitionswitch to start andstop
the engine,.
THROTTLE
UFT LEVER:
F-98668
Use the lift lever to change the height of cuL
CONTROL LEVER:
Use the throttlecontrol
lever to increase or decrease the speed of the engine.
11
OPERATION
HOW TO USE THE THROTTLE
CONTROL
2_
Use the throttle control to increase or decrease the speed of the
engine,.
Move the attachment clutch to the DISENGAGE position to
stop the blade(s). Before you leave the operator's position,
make sure the blade(s) has stepped rotating,.
The FAST position is marked with a detent For normal operation and when using a gras_ bagger; move the throttle control
to the FAST position. For maximum charging of the battery and
also for a cooler running engine, operate the engine in the FAST
position.
2..
For transport and to tow puff behind attachments, move the
throttle control to the SLOW position,,
3_
The engine governor is set at the factory for maximum pedormance° Do not adjust the governor to increase the speed of the
engine,,
Move the attachment clutch to the ENGAGE position to rotate the blade(s)o
4,,
Before you ride the unit across a sidewalk or a road, move the
attachment clutch to the DISENGAGE position.
WARNING: Always keep your hands and feet away
from the blade, deflector opening, and the mower
housing when the engine runs.
HOW TO USE THE ATTACHMENT CLUTCH
Attachment Clutch
Engage Position
Note: if the engine stops when you engage the blade(s), the
seat switch is not activated. Make sure you sit in the middle of
the seat. Also, make sure the wire is connected to the seat
switch.
Disengage Position
\
The attachment clutch is next to the steering wheel (Figure 8)_Use
the attachment clutch to engage the biade(s)_
1.
Before you start the engine, make sure the attachment clutch
is in the DISENGAGE position.,
HOW TO USE THE
SHIFT
Figure8
LEVER
To change the forward speed or the directionof the unit, foflow the
steps below..
6.
Move the throttle control to the FAST position.
CAUTION: Before you move the shift lever_ completely push
the clutch/brake pedal forward to stop the unit. if the unit is not
stopped, the gearbox can be damaged.
7,,
To move the shift lever to reverse, stop the unit. Move the shift
lever back to reverse (R).
1.
Completely push the clutch/brake pedal forward to stop the
unit. Keep your foot on the pedal
NOTE: Belt noise can occur when the clutch is engaged. This
noise is normal and does not affect the operation of the unit.
2_
Move the throttle control lever' to the SLOW position
FUNCTION
3_ To move the shift lever to neutral (N) from a forwardgear, pull
the shift lever back and then move to the right (Figure 9),,
4,
To move the shift lever to a forward gear from neutral (N), pull
the shift lever to the left and then push the shift lever forward,,
5_
Slowlyrelease the clutch/brake pedal Do not keep your foot on
the pedal.
Tdmming
Shift Lever
SHIFTLEVER
5 Speeds
1
Bagging Grass
1 or2
Mulching Grass
1 or2
Normal Mowing
2or3
Easy Mowing
3or4
FAST
,ow
R
THROTTLE
SLOW - FAST
Transport
Pull Behind
Attachments
Figure 9
F-98668
5
r.... im
CHOKE
2or3
I
12
THROTTLE
_1111111
OPERATION
HOW TO SET THE
PARKING
BRAKE
"
1o Completely push the clutch]brake pedal forward_
2,, Lift the parking brake lever (Figure 10).
3. Remove yourfoot from the clutchJbrakepedal and then release
the parking brake lever,, Make sure the parking brake will hold
the unit°
4o To release the parking brake, completely push the clutch/brake
pedal forward° The parking brake will automatically release,.
Parking Brake
Lever
Lift Lever
WARNING: Before you leave the operator's position,
parking
Move
attachment
clutch Set
to the
move thebrake.
shift lever
to the
the neutral
(N) position.
the
DISENGAGE position, Stop the engine and remove
the ignition key.
_
HOW TO CHANGE
THE
CUTTING
HEIGHT
To change the cutting height, raise or lower the lift lever as follows.
1.
2.
Move the lift lever forward to lower the mower housing and
back to raise the mower housing.,
When youride on a sidewalk or road, move the lift lever tothe
highest positionand move the attachment clutchtothe DlSEN GAGE position.
HOW TO STOP
THE
Figure t0
UNIT
1.. Completely push the clutch/brake pedal forward to stop the
unit. Keep your foot on the pedal,
_
2.. Move the attachment clutch to the DISENGAGE position,
3,
Move the shift lever to the NEUTRAL position_
4.
Set the parking brake°
HOW TO TRANSPORT
5,
ARNING: Make sure the parking brake will hold the
unit.
Move the throttle control to the SLOW position.
6o To stop the engine, turnthe ignitionkeyto the OFF position,Remove the key,
THE UNIT
To transport the unit. follow the steps below_
1. Move the attachment clutch to the DISENGAGE position
3_
Move the throttle control to a position between SLOW and
FAST,.
2,
4,
To go faster, move the shift lever to a faster speed.
Raise the lift lever to the highest position,
F-98668
13
ii,,
i i,
ii
........... '........
OPERATION
HOW TO OPERATE WITH THE MOWER HOUSING
WARNING: The deflector is a safety device. Do not remove the deflector. The deflector forces the dis_
6.
NOTE: When you mow in heavy grass or mow with a
bagger, put the shift lever in the slowest speed,
charged
toward
the ground.
Always keep
the
deflector material
in the down
position,
if the deflector
is damaged, replace the deflector with an original equipment
part from an authorized service center°
1.
Start the engine_
2.
Move the lift lever to a height of cut position._In high or thick
grass, cut the grass in the highest position first and then lower
the mower housing to a lower position.,
&
Move the throttle control to the SLOW position
4.
Move the attachment clutch to the ENGAGE position
&
Push the clutch/brake pedal completely forwar&
Move the shift lever to one of the speed setting&.
7_,
Slowlyrelease the dutch/brake pedal
8,,
Move the throttle control to the FAST position. If you need to go
faster or'slower, stop the unit and move the shift lever to another'
speed setting
9,,
Make sure the level of cut is still correct.. After you mow a short
distance, look at the area that was cut. tf the mower housing
does not cut level, see the instructions on "How To Level The
Mower Housing" in the Service And Adjustment section.
WARNING:
For better control of the unit, always
select a safe speed.
HOW TO OPERATE THE UNIT ON HILLS
3.
steep to back straight up. Never ride the unit across
WARNING: Do not ride up or down slopes that are too
a slope° See the "Slope Guide" in the back of this
book for information on how to check slopes.
_
1.
2,
4._ If you must stop or start on a hill, always have enough space
for the unit to roll when you release the brake and engage the
clutch_
Before you ride up or down a hill, move the shift lever to the
slowest speed,
Do not stop or change speed settings on a hill. if you must stop,
quickly pushthe clutch!brake pedal forward and set the parking
brake.
F-98668
To start again, make sure the shift lever is in the slowest speed,
Move the throttlecontrol to the SLOW position., Slowly release
the pedal.
5,.
14
Be very careful when you change directions on a hill..When on
a slope or in a turn on a hill, move the throttle control to the
SLOW position to help prevent an accident,
OPERATION
BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE
CAUTION:
A mixture
of alcohol
(ethanol
or methanol)
and
gasoline (called gasohol), will attract moisture and cause acid
deposits during storage. While the unit is in storage, the acids
in the fuel can damage the fuel system.
CHECK THE OIL
NOTE: The engine was shipped from the factory filled with SAE
30 weight oil. Check the level of the oil. Add oil as needed.
1o Make sure the unit is level,,
To prevent engine problems with the fuel system, empty the fuel
system before storage of 30 days or longer as follows°
NOTE: Do not check the level of the oil while the engine
runs.
2.
3,
4o
Clean the area around the dipstick° Remove the dipstick,. Wipe
the oil from the dipstick,
Insertthe dipstick into the oil fill tube, Turn the dipstick clockwise until it is tight. Remove the dipstick° Check the oil level on
the dipstick., The oil level must reach the FULL mark on the
dipstick
If necessary, add oil until the oil reaches the FULL mark on the
dipstick.,The quantity of oil needed from ADD to FULL isshown
on the dipstick,, Do not add too much oi!.,
gasoline°
Full
_
/;
and clean. Leaded gasoline wilt
Make
suredeposits
the gasoline
fresh
increase
and is
shorten
the life of the valves,,
HOW TO START THE ENGINE
WARNING: The electrical system has an operator
presence system that includes a sensor switch
trical
system
if the
operator
sitting on the
This
mounted
in the
seat.
These is
components
tellseat.
the elecsystem will stop the engine when the operator leaves
the seat if the attachment clutch is engaged. For your
protection, always make sure this system operates
correctly.
_
Start the engine° Let the engine run until the fuel lines and the
carburetor are empty.
3,
After storage, make sure you use fresh fuelo See the storage
instructionsfor additional information,,
4_
Never use engine cleaner or carburetor cleaner in the fuel tank
or permanent damage can occur
1,
The engine has a loss of power or does not run smooth°
2.,
A change from summer to winter operation_
3,,
A40degree change in the operation temperatureo Thecarburetor was adjusted at 80 degrees at the factory,,
4.,
The engine is operated above 4,000 feel
2_
3,,
Move the shift lever to the neutral (N) position°
Make sure the attachment clutch is in the DISENGAGE positiono
4,,
Move the throttle control completely forward to the CHOKE or
FAST position. Some models have a separate choke knob. Pull
the choke knob to the full CHOKE position.
Turn the ignition key to the START position,. Release the key
when the engine starts°
NOTE: If the engine does not start after four or five tries,
move the throttle control to the FAST position. Again try to
start the engine. If the engine will not start, see the
TROUBLE SHOOTING CHART.
5,
NOTE: The engine will not start unless you depress the
clutch!brake pedal, move the shift lever to the neutral (N)
position, and move the attachment clutch to the DISENGAGE
position.
1,,
2o
The factory settings for the carburetor are for most conditions., if the
engine is operated under the following conditions,you can adjust
the carburetor mixture. See "How To Adjust The Carburetor" in the
Service And Adjustment section_
Do not
not smoke
add gasoline
when you
are inside
when adding
gasoline
to the an
fuelenclotank.
sure. Before you add gasoline, stop the engine and
let the engine cool for several minutes.
Fill the fuel tank with regular
unleaded gasoline., Do not use
FuelTank
unleaded
Drainthe fueltanko
CARBURETOR
ADD GASOLINE
WARNING: Always use a safety gasoline container.
premium
1o
6o Slowly move the throttle control to the SLOW position_
7_, Let a cold engine run for several minutes, Begin work when the
engine is warm. To start a hot engine, move the throttle control
to a position between FAST and SLOW_
Sit in the middle of the seat,. Push the clutch/brake pedal completelyforward. Keep your foot on the pedal
IHI'IIII
HOW TO START WITH A WEAK BATTERY
NOTE: tf the seat is raised when starting the engine, move the
attachment clutch to the DISENGAGED position and engage
the parking brake.
If the battery is too weak to start the engine, the battery needs to be
charged If "Jumper Cables" are used to start the engine in an
emergency,follow the procedure below,,
Io
2.
NOTE: The unit is equipped with a 12 volt negative to ground
system. Also, the other vehicle must have a 12 volt negative to
ground system.
Connect oneend of the BLACK"Jumper Cable" tothe negative
(-) terminal of the charged battery,.
4o Connect the other end of the BLACK "Jumper Cable" to the
mower's engine block..
5,
Startthe engine that has the weak battery last, Allow the engine
to run.
6o To disconnectthe "Jumper Cables", reverse the above steps.
3_
WARNING: Do not smoke. The fumes from the battery
from
any cause
flamesan
or explosion.
sparks. To prevent
acid can
Keep thesparks,
batteryfasten
away
the red "Jumper cable" to the positive (+) terminal before connecting the black "Jumper cable".
F-g8668
Put a wet cloth over the vent caps of each battery,
Connect each end of the RED "Jumper Cable" to the positive
(+) terminals of each battery° Make sure you do not touch the
chassis with the cables,
t5
OPERATION
ii
i,i
i,,,
HOW TO CHANGE THE MULCHER
, J ,_
PLATE
3v
Lift the mulcher
(Figure 13),_
plate away
the mower
housing
connect
thelbwire
from the
suredisthe
WARNING:
prevent
the spark
engineplug.
fromMake
starting,
attachment clutch is in the DISENGAGE position.
_
The mulcher plate lets you mulch the grass for a clean, fine cut To
discharge the grass out the side or into a grass bagger, remove the
mulcher plate as follows.
How To Remove The Mulcher
1..
from
Deflector
Plate
Raise the deflector. Remove the two wingnuts B and two carriage bolts A (Figure 11),
Mulcher Plate
A
MulcherPlate
\
F_gure t3
B
Figure 11
4.
2_
SLide the muicher plate toward the front (Figure t2)o Make
sure the tabs on the mulcher plate are not locked behind the
nub_
Attach wingnuts B and carriage bolts A to the mulcher plate
for future use_
IMPOR'IANT: There are several different types of grass. Some
types of grass are more difficult to cut, If you remove the
mutcher plate and the grass does not discharge correctly,
replace the blade with a standard blade, The part number of the
standard blade is 56212E701.
'To remove, slide forward
To install, slide backward
Nut
How To install The Mulcher
1.
Plate
Remove wingnuts B and carriage bolts A from the mulcher
plate,
Raise the deflector. Slide the mulcher plate underthe deflec.
tor (Figure 13).
Push the mulcher plate to the rear, (Figure 12). Make sure the
two tabs on the mulcher plate are locked around the twonuts
for the deflector bracket,.
Muicher Rate
F-98668
Fasten the mulcher plate with two wingnuts A and two carriage bolts B (Figure 11),.
16
OPERATION
OPERATING
1,.
TIPS
Check the attachment clutch for correct adjustment° For the
blade(s) to disengage correctly, the adjustment must be cop
rect
Before you make an inspection, adjustment (except for the carburetor) or repair, make sure the wire from the spark plug isdisconnected°
5
64
2,
3,
4,,
Before you use the unit, check the oil in the engine and add oil
if necessary°
if the engine wi]! not start, first make sure the wire is attached
to the spark plug
Make sure atlthe belts are inside ait the belt guides See the instructions on how to remove and install the motion drive and
mower drive belts
Make sure the seat switch wire is connected
connected, the engine will not start
If the wire is not
7,
For longer life of the battery, charge the battery every three
months_
8_
Use the shift lever to change the ground speed, not the throttle
control
9,,
Belt noise can occur when the blade or clutch is engaged° This
noise is normal and does not affect the operation of the unit
MOWING AND BAGGING TIPS
1
For a lawn to lookbetter, check the cutting level of the mower
housing° See "How To Level The Mower Housing" in the Service And Adjustment section
2,,
For the mower housing to cut level, make sure the tires have
the correct amount of air pressure (PSI)
34
Every timeyou use the unit, check the blade, tf the blade is bent
or damaged, immediately replace the blade Also, make sure
the nut for the blade is tight.
10. For better engine performance and an even discharge of the
cut grass, always operate the engine with the throttle in FAST
position
11o When you use a bagger, operate the engine with the throttle in
FAST position and the shift lever in first or second gear
12
4.,
Keep the blade(s) sharpened_ Worn blades will cause the ends
of the grass to turn brown
5_
Do not cut or bag grass that is wet Wet grass will not discharge
correctly. Let the grass dry before cutting,
6.,
Use the left side of the mower housing to trim near an object
7_
Discharge the cut grass onto the mowed area. The result is a
more even discharge of cut grass
8,,
When you mow large areas, start by turning to the right so that
the cut grass wilt discharge away from shrubs, fences, driveways, etc After one ortwo rounds, mow in the opposite direction making left turns until finished (Figure 14)
94
13. After each use, clean the bottom and top of the mower housing
for better performance Also, a clean mower housing will help
prevent a fire°
If the grass is very high, cut two times to decrease the load on
the engine First cut with the mower housing inthe highest position and then lower the mower housing for the second cut
MULCHING
Figure14
TIPS
When you use a mulcher attachment, the grass is cut into very small
pieces° These small pieces wilt quickly break down. Because the
nutrients are returned to the soil, the lawn will need less fertilizer_ Too
correctly mulch the grass, follow the steps belowo
1
4
Set the height of the mower housing so that only the top third
of the grass is cut If the grass is too high, set the height of the
mower housing to the maximum heighL Then, lower the mower
housing for the second cut. Also, instead of using the full width
of the mower housing, mulch at half the width°
5
Clean the bottom of the mower housing. Grass and other debris
can keep the mower from working correctty_
6.
If the grass grows fast, mulch more often
7
ff an area needs improvement,
Set the throttle in the FAST position. Operate the mower at a
slower ground speed If ground speed is too fast, the grass wilt
not have an even cut
2.
For better cuttingperformance and a quality cut, mow with the
shift lever in one of the slower speeds
Keep a sharp edge on the blade. A blade that is not sharp will
cause the ends of the grass to become brown_
3
Make sure the grass is dry Wet grass is difficult to cut
F-98668
17
mulch
a second
time
CUSTOMER
R ESPONSIBIILmES
MAINTENANCE
EACH
PROCEDURE
USE
CHART
FIRST
2
HOURS
EVERY
25
HOURS
EVERY
50
HOURS
EVERY
100
HOURS
BEFORE
STORAGE
IB_aa_i
ii;spect
and
Sha_en
q
Attachment Clutch, Check
M Brat_e,:C:heck
0
Clutch, Check
W
E Tires, Check
R Battery, Check and Charge
4
,/
:.....................
i ¸¸¸¸ _;i .....
_
_
Lubrication
Oil, Check
-,J
Cooling System,
q
G
I
Air Filter, Clean
:
q
, ..........
-_i¸¸••:I:_
_IL_
::ii•i_k•:
¸:¸•:
i
, _
:•
_._•
iI
Muffler, Check
Spark Plug, Check
i
i•i
;ii•i:_•_i•i•:
¸ii::!ii:•
••!_•::•ii:•i::
••:
_
,
_[;i.....: i•! ::i!•i:,!
!_i:_
•_:
:•i:i ••:i;:
• "_- _,
Fuel Filter; Replace (RemoteFuelTanksOnly)
,,,,,,,,,,,,
........
Spark Plug, Replace::
GENERAL
.......:
RECOMMENDATIONS
1.
The owner's responsibility is to maintain this pmducL This will
extend the life of the product and is also necessary to maintain
warranty coverage.
2,
Check the spark plug, drive brake, lubricate the unit, and clean
the air filter once a year_
3_
Check the fasteners. Make sure all fasteners are tight.,
4.
WARNING: Before you make an inspection, adjust_
CHECK THE TIRES
Check the air pressure in the tires. Tires with too much air pressure
will cause the unit to ride rough. Also, the wrong air pressure will
keep the mower housing from cutting level. The correct ai_pressure
(PSI) is as foltows. Semi-pneumatic front tires do net require air.
Front Tires
Rear' Tires
F-98668
Follow the Customer Responsibility and the Service And Adjustment section to keep the unit in good operating condition,
22 PSI (1.5 BAR)
14 PSI (1 BAR)
18
ment,
repair
to the the
unit,wire
disconnect
wireplug
to the
spark or
plug,
Remove
from the the
spark
to
prevent the engine from starting by accident,
CUSTOIVl'ER RESPONSiBILiTIES
INSPECT
9.
Tighten the nut that holds the blade to a torque of 30 foot
pounds (41,5 N-m),
10. Install the mower housing, See "How To Install The Mower
Housing".,
BLADE
WARNING: Before you inspect or remove the blade,
disconnect the wire to the spark plug. If the blade hits
an object,
stop has
the sharp
engine.edges.
CheckWhen
the unit
damage.
The blade
you for
hold
the
blade, use gloves or cloth material to protect your
hands.
If you keep the blade sharp and inspect the blade for damage, the
blade will cut better and be more safe to operate, Frequently check
the blade for excessive wear, cracks, or other damage. Frequently
check the nut that holds the blade., Keep the nut tight If the blade
hits an object, stop the engine. Disconnect the wire to the spark plug,,
See if the blade is bent or damaged Check the blade adapter for
damage, Before you operate the unit, replace damaged parts with
original equipment parts. See the authorized service center in your
area_ Every three years, have an authorized service person inspect
the blade or replace the ofd blade with an original equipment part,
Blade
BIadeAdapter
/
"
,t
I
_.I
Belleville Washer
(Outside
against
r_l!nmust be
the blade,)
Washer
Nut
[_--"
I
Figure 16
HOW TO REMOVE AND INSTALL THE BLADE
1o
Remove the mower housing. See the instructions on "How To
Remove The Mower Housing".,
2.,
3,,
Use a piece of wood to keep the blade from rotating.,
Remove the nut that holds the blade (Figure 15),
HOW TO SHARPEN
THE
BLADE
WARNING: Vibration can be caused if the blade is
not correctly balanced or if the blade is damaged. A
blade that is damaged with cracks can break and
cause an accident.
Keep a sharp edge on the blade,,A blade that is not sharp will cause
the tips of the grass to become brown.
1, Sharpen the blade two times a year or every 25 hours.
2,, Remove the blade according to the instructions in"How To Remove And Install The Blade",,
3o
J
"" Mandrel
4.
5,,
Blade Adapter
B|ade
6,,
Figure 15
4o
5.
6.
7o
8,
7.
Check the blade and the blade adapter according to the instructions for "inspect Blade". Replace a badly wom or dam_
aged blade with an original equipment blade,, See an
authorized service center in your area,,
Clean the top and bottom of the mower housing° Remove all the
grass and debris.
Mount the blade and blade adapter on the mandrel
(Figure 15)_
Mount the blade so that the hi-lift edges are up. If the blade
is upside down, the blade wilt not cut correctly and can cause
an accident,
Screwdnv__
File
Fasten the blade with the original washers and nut. Make sure
the outside rim of the Belleville washer is against the blade
(Figure 16).
_
t:-98668
Clean the blade with a brush, soap and water° Check the
blade,, Look for cracks, nicks, or other damage, Replace a
badly worn or damaged blade with an original equipment blade,.
See an authorized service center in your area,,
Sharpen the blade with a file (Figure 17). Make sure you keep
the odginal bevel angle,
Make sure the blade is balanced Use a screwdriver and hold
the blade parallel to the ground (Figure 17),_A blade that is
balanced will stay parallel to the ground. If the blade is not balanced, the heavy end will rotate toward the ground,, Sharpen
the heavy end until the blade is balanced,,
A new blade will cut better than a badly worn blade, Every three
years, have an authorized service person inspect the blade or
replace the old blade with an original equipment blade,.
Assemble the blade according to the instructions "How To Remove And Install The Blade",
t
I
Bladeis balanced
,_ when parallel tothe ground_
Ground
ARNING:
Always
keep
thecan
nutcause
tight that
holds the
blade,
A loose
nut or
blade
an accident.
19
Figure 17
...........................
CUSTOMER
HOW TO ADJUST
RESPONSIBILITIES
THE ATTACHMENT CLUTCH
AttachmentClutch
EngagePost[on
WARNING: To prevent an injury, the attachment
clutch must operate correctly.
1.
Stop the engine.. Disconnect the wire from the spark plug
2.
Before you adjust the attachment clutch, check and level the
mower housing.. See =How To Level The Mower' Housing."
Make sure the mower housing is level before go to the next
step..
3o Set the height of the mower housing in the lowest position..
4.
Move the attachment clutch to the DISENGAGE position
(Figure 18).
5..
Check the attachment clutch Before the attachment clutch
engages, there must be I/8" to 3/8" (3mm to 9ram) of free
movemenL
6_
If an adjustment is needed, disconnect the clevis from the
pivot rod and bracket assembly (Figure 19). "rum the clevis
clockwise to decrease the free movement of the attachment
clutch.. Turn the clevis counterclockwiseto increase the free
movement.
7_
Disengage
Position
F_ee Movement
1/8" - 318"(3ram - gram)
10o Attach the wire to the spark plug, Mow for a short distance and
again check the operation of the attachment clutch.
Connect the clevis to the pivot rod and bracket assembly,
Move the attachment clutch to the DISENGAGE position.
Check the free movement of the attachment clutch.
11,.
Check the operation of the blade brake_ Rotate the pulley with
your hand. Make sure that the blade brake pad presses tightly
against the pulley.
9,.
Move the attachment clutch to the ENGAGE position, Check
the pad for the blade brake,. If the pad is excessively worn or
damaged,
replace the brake pad assembiyo Correct
replacement parts and assistance are available from an
authorized service center,.
When you move the attachment clutch to the DISENGAGE
position, all movement wilt stop within five seconds if the adjustment iscori'ect. If there is movement of the belt or the blade
continue to rotate, engage and disengage the attachment
clutch five times to remove any excess rubber from a new
mower drive belt.. If there is still blade rotation from the
DISENGAGED position, again adjust the attachment clutch
beginning with the first step. If you need assistance, take the
unit to an authorized service center.
12. tf you replace the mower drive belt, adjust the attachment
clutch.
Blade Brake
Mower Drive Bert
Figure 18
ClevisPin
Pulley
PivotRodand
BrackelAssembly
Cotter Pin
Figure 19
F-98668
20
cusTOMER
RESPONSIBILITIES
HOW TO CHECK AND ADJUSTTHEDRIVEBRAKE
HOW TO CHECK AND ADJUST THE CLUTCH
1.
If the motion drive belt is loose, the clutch will slip when; (1) going
up a hill, (2) pullinga heavy load, or (3) the unit will not move forward.
Check the clearance at the rear of the pedal lever (Figure 21)o if the
motion drive belt is loose, the clearance will be less than 1/2 inch
and the clutch will slip., Adjust the clutch as follows,,
1., Disconnect the adjustable
nut from the idler bracket
(Figure 21),,
2, Turn the adjustable nut clockwise to increase the length of
the clutch rod° This adjustment will increase the clearance at
the pedal.
3, Connect the adjustable nut to the idler bracket with the
washer and cotter pin., Check the clearance at the pedal°
There must be 1/2 to 5/8 inch clearance at the back of the
pedal,
4. After making an adjustment tothe pedal, check the brake rod
as described inthe instructions,"How To Check And Adjust The
Drive Brake",,
2.
3,.
4o
5,,
6.
7_
8o
9.
10o
11o
12.
13o
Before you adjust the brake, check the clutchadjustment,, See
the instructions on "How To Check And Adjust The Clutch".
Make sure the shift lever is in the neutral (N) position,.
Disconnect the adjustable
nut from the brake arm
(Figure 21 ),
Push the brake arm forward and hold in position°
With the brake arm forward, rotate the adjustable nut
counterclockwise on the brake rod untilthe adjustable nut
is in line with hole in the brake arm,
NOTE: If the adjustable nut will not line up with the hole in
the brake arm, go to step 6. If the adjustable nut does line
up with the hole in the brake arm, go to step 12.
Pull the brake arm to the rear of the unit,,
The brake adjustment of the transaxle is located on the
underside of the transaxle (Figure 20), Use one wrench to hold
the brake stud and another wrench to held the hex nut.
Loosen the hex nut approximately 2 turns,
Turn the brake stud clockwise 1/2 turn. Try to push the uniL If
the unit rolls, again turn the brake stud clockwise 1/2 turn
Continue this adjustment until you feel resistance from the
brake when you push the unit,,
Turn the brake stud counterclockwise one turn, Then, hold the
brake stud with one wrench while you tighten the hex nut with
another wrench°
Push the brake arm forward and hold in position.
With the brake arm forward, rotate the adjustable nut
clockwise until the adjustable nut is in line with the hole in the
brake arm°
Connect the adjustable nut to the brake arm withthe washer
and cotter pin°
Apply the parking brake,,Try to push the unit°If the rear wheels
do not turn, the brake is correctlyadiustedoRelease the parking
brake,. Push the unitto see if the wheels will freely roll,
Transaxle
Hex Nut
Brake
(Turn Clockwise)
WARNING: If you cannot correctly adjust the drive
brake, take the unit to an Authorized Service Center.
VIEW FROM UNDERSIDE
Figure 20
Adjustable Nut (To increase the operation
ofthe brake, turn counterclockwise)
Brake Arm
Cotter Pin
} increase
turncl0ckwise,)
Brake Rod
1t2" to 518"
(13ram to 16ram)
Clea _ce
Pedal
Idler Bracket
Washer
_\\
Cotter Pin
Clutch Rod
Figure 2t
F-98668
21
CUSTOMER
RESPONSiBiLiTiES
HOW TO REMOVE THE SIDE PANEL
1.
To help service the engine or the battery, each side panel can be
easily removed.
Remove the black cable from the negative (-)
(Figure 24)°
terminal
2o
Remove the red cable from the positive (+) terminal.
1.. Remove the screws that hold the back of the side panel
(Figure 22).
3o
Remove the battery clamp from the battery.
2.
Remove the large screws that hold the front of the side panel
(Figure 23).
4.
Remove the battery from the unit.
3.
Slide the side panel back approximately one inch,,Remove the
side panel,
Positive (+)
Terminal
Date Code,
Nut
BlackCable
/
Terminal Cover,
Bolt
J
Side Panel
BatteryClamp
Figure24
Figure 22
HOW TO CHARGE
THE BATTERY
WARNING: When you charge the battery, do not
smoke. Keep the battery away from any sparks. The
fumes from the battery acid can cause an explosion=
Side Panel
For longer life of the battery, charge the battery every three
months,,
Screws
/
2,
Before you charge the battery, removethe battery_
3.
To charge the battery, use a 12 volt batterycharger. Charge at
a rate of 3 amperes for 2 to 3 hours.,
4,,
Install the battery° See "How To Install The Battery" in the
Assembly section.
Figure 23
HOW TO CLEAN THE BATTERY
BATTERY SERVICE
t_
2o Wash the battery with a solutionof one gallonof water and four
tablespoons of baking soda (sodium bicarbonate)_Make sure
the solution does not get into the battery cells,,
HOW TO REMOVE THE BATTERY
To charge or clean the battery, remove the battery from the unitas
fol{ows.
3.
WARNING: To prevent sparks, disconnect the black
batterycablefromthe
negative (-) terminal before you
_
F-98668
Remove the battery°
Clean the terminals and the ends of the cables with a wire
brush_
4._ Install the battery. See "How To lnstafl The Battery" in the
Assembly sectiom
disconnect The
the battery
red cable°
WARNING:
contains sulfuric acid which is
harmful to the skin, eyes and clothing, if the acid gets
on the body or clothing, wash "withwater.
5_
22
To prevent corrosion, apply grease to the battery terminals°
CUSTOMER
RESPONSiBILiTIEs
.....
WHERE TO LUBRICATE
Lubricate the areas shown with engine oil,
,,_._
Apply grease with a brush to the areas shown,
NOTE: Apply grease to the steering gear assembly.
CAUTION: if the unit is operated in dry areas that have sand,
use a dry graphite spray to lubricate the unit. Do not lubricate
the nylon bearings for the front wheels. Oil or grease will
damage the bearings°
U
Shift Lever
/
Figure 25
F-98668
23
CUSTOMER
RESPONSiBiLiTiES
HOW TO CHANGE
ENGINE
HOW TO CHECK
THE
NOTE: Do not drain the oil from a cold engine. Before you drain
the oil, let the engine run for several minutes. Make sure you do
not get oil on the beRs.
OIL
NOTE: Do not check the level of the oil while the engine runs.
t,,
Make sure the unit is level.
1,,
2..
Clean the area around the dipstick (Figure 26),, Remove the
dipstick_ Wipe the oil from the dipstick..
3.
Insertthe dipstick into the oi! filltube. Turn the dipstick clockwise untilit istighL Remove the dipstick. Check the oillevel on
the dipstick,. The oil level must reach the FULL mark on the
dipstick,
2o
Remove the oil drain cap, Drain the oil completely from the
engine. Install and tighten the oil drain cap,
Only use a high quality detergent oil rated with API service
classification
SG_ Select the oil's SAE viscosity grade
according to the expected operating temperature using the
temperature chart below:
Required
...........
4,.
THE OIL
SAE viscosity grades
i,,,
If necessary, add oil unti!the oil reaches the FULL mark on the
dipstick. The quantity of oil needed from ADD to FULL is
shown on the dipstick. Do not add too much oil
Air Screen
13EMPERATURE
\
RANGE
ANTICIPATED
BEi_ORE
NEXT
O|L
CHANGE,
'.i
NOTE: Although multi-viscosity
oils (5W30, 10W30, etc.)
improve starting in cold weather_ these multi-viscosity oils will
result in increased oil consumption when used above 32o Fo
Check the engine oil level more frequently to avoid possible
engine damage from running low on oil.
3_
4,
C_a'_p
"_\ \\
Engine Shroud
Figure26
HOW TO CLEAN THE COOLING
Clean the area around the dipstick Remove the dipstick°
Slowly pour approximately 32 ounces (1 quart) of oil into the
oil extension tube.,
Insert the dipstick into the oilextension tube, "rumthe dipstick
in a clockwise direction until it is tight. Remove the dipstick.
Check the oillevel on the dipstick. The oillevel must reachthe
FULL mark on the dipstick.
SYSTEM
The engine is aircooted..The air that cools the engine enters through
the air screen on top of the engine. Clean the engine every 100
hours or every year as follows.
1,
Remove any grass, dirt or debris from the air' screen with a
cloth or brush,
2,,
Inspect the edge of the engine shroud for grass or debds,
Remove any grass or debris visible at the bottom edge of the
engine shroud,,
HOW TO CHECK THE MUFFLER
Checkthe muffler every 50 hours. Make sure the muffler is correctly
mountedand is not loose, If the muffler is worn or burnt, replace with
a new muffler.A worn muffler is a fire hazard and can damage the
engine.
F-_98668
If yeu mount a spark arrester to the muffler, also check the spark
arrester when you check the muffler. Ifthe spark an'ester is worn or
damaged, replace it with a new spark arrester. See your nearest
authorized service center for a spark arrester_
24
...................................
CUSTOMER
RESPONSIBIL'ITIES
.......................
HOW TO CLEAN THE AIR FILTERS
11,, Assembfe the air filters with the two nuts
Some engines have two filters, an outerfoam fitter around an inner
paper filter,, Clean the air filters ever,/50 hours,, If you operate in
dirty conditions, service more often,,
12,, Install the cover,, Fasten the cover with the two wingnuts,,
NOTE: Never run the engine with the air fitters removed. The air
fitters wig help protect the engine against wear. For the correct
replacement filter, see the parts list for the engine.
Win(
1.,
Remove the two wingnuts from the cover (Figure 27).
2.
Remove the cover from the air cleaner,,
3.
Remove the two nuts from the filters_
4.
Remove the air filters.
5.
Clean the inside of the base and the cover with a cloth,
Cover
Nul
6o Remove the foam fitter from the paper filter.
7.
Ifequipped, wash the foam filter in a detergent and watersolutions,
To remove the water solution, tightly rollthe foam filter in
a dry cloth,,Remove the foam fitter from the cloth,,Completely
dry the foam filter.
Foam Filter'
Base
CAUTION; Do not wash the filters in gasoline or other
solvents that will burn.
8.
Evenly apply SAE 30W oil to the dry foam filter
9,
To clean the paper filter, lightly tap the paper filter against a
hard fiat surface,,
Figure 27
10, If the paper filter is very dirty, replace the paper filter,
HOW TO CHECK THE SPARK PLUG
1
Check the gap of the spark plug with a feeler gauge
(Figure 28), The correct gap is O_030'L
2,
For easy starting and good performance, replace the spark
plug every two years,
Feeler Gauge
0,,030"
Figure 28
F-98668
25
SERVICE
AND ADJUSTMENT
HOW TO ADJUST THE CARBURETOR
8_ Move the throttle control to FAST position+
The factory settings for the carburetor are for most conditions_tfthe
engine is operated underthe following conditions, you can adjust
the carburetor mixture+
9,. Turn the main jet screw in a clockwise direction until the engine begins to loose speed (lean mixture)+Note the position of
the slot in the main jet screw+
1.
The engine has a loss of power or does not run smooth+
2
A change from summer to winter operation.
10+ Slowlyturn the main jet screw in a counterclockwisedirection
until the engine runs rough (rich mixture)+ Note the positionof
the slot in the main jet screw,,
3.
A 40 degree change in the operation temperature+ The carburetor was adjusted at 80 degree at the factory.
4.
The engine is operated above 4,000 feel
If an adjustment is needed, follow the steps below+
1+ With your hand, turn the idle mixture screw in a clockwise direction until you feel some resistance., Turn the main jet screw
in a clockwise direction until you feel some resistance
(Figure 29)
CAUTION: Do not over tighten the idle mixture screw or the
main jet screw. The carburetor" will be damaged.
2+ Turnthe idle mixture screw counterclockwise 1+/4tums_Turn
the main jet screw counterclockwise 15/Bturns+
11,,
Set the main jet screw between the two positionsin steps 9,,
and 10..
!2. To check the adjustment, operate the engine+ If the engine
stops when the blade(s) are engaged, the carburetor mixture
isset too lean.. Turn the main jet screw counterclockwise 1tl 6
turn.,
13. if the engine runs rough when the blade(s) are engaged, the
carburetor mixture is set too dch+ Turn the main jet screw
clockwise 1/16 tum+
14+ Again check the engine by engaging and disengaging the
blade(s).. If necessary, repeat steps 12+or 13.
3+ Start the engine+ Run the engine for several minutes.
4+. Move the throttle control to SLOW position+
5+ Turn the idle mixture screw clockwise untilthe engine begins
to toose speed. Note the position of the slot in the idle mixture
screw.,
6+ Slowly turn the idle mixture screw counterclockwise until the
engine runs rough,+Note the position of the stot in the idle mixture screw+
7.
Mixture Screw
Set the idle mixture screw between tlle two positionsin steps
5. and 6+
HOW TO ADJUST THE THROTTLE
Main Jet Screw
Figure 29
CONTROL
CHOKE
For the best engine performance, set the throttle control as follows..
1+ Move the throttle control to the FAST position (Figure 30)+
2+
3.
Loosen the clamp screw so that the throttle control cable
can move in the cable clamp (Figure 31). Do not remove the
cable clamp or disconnectthe throttle control cable from the
engine control lever+
/
FAST
ThrottleControl
SLOW
Figure 30
Move the engine control lever until the slot in the lever is
aIigned (lines up) with the hole in the control bracket as
shown+
Engine Control Lever - FAST position
{S10lin leveralignedwithh01ein bracket)
4+ Tighten the clamp screw. Move the throttle control to the
SLOW positionand then back to the FAST position.Check the
alignment of the throttle control lever. See step 3,
Throttle Control
Cable
The throttle control is now set at the correct speed+ When the
throttle control is at the FAST position, the engine speed is
3400 + or- 100 RPM. When the throttle control is in the
SLOW position,the engine speed is 2150 + or- 100 RPM,,
Cable Clamp
5_
IMPORTANT: Do not change the engine governor+ if the engine
governor needs an adjustment, go to the nearest Authorized
Service Center: They have the equipment and experience to
make the adjustmenL
F-98668
26
Clamp Screw
Control Bracket
Figure 31
SERVICE
HOW TO REMOVE THE MOWER
AND ADJUSTMENT
HOUSING
HOW TO INSTALL THE MOWER
HOUSING
1,,
Move the lift lever to the middle position°
1,
2.
Move the attachment
(Figure 32),,
Completely turnthe steering wheel to the dghto Pushthe mower
housing under the left side of the uniL
2,
Slide the mower drive belt between the stack pulley andthe
belt guide. Put the mower drive belt around the stack pulley.
Make sure the "V" side of the mower drive belt is against the
stack pulley° Also, make sure the mower drive belt is not
twisted.
3
Attach the mower housing to the front hanger with the long
pin. Fasten with the washer and hair pin. See illustration "D",,
clutch to the DISENGAGE position
3o
Disconnect the blade drive link from the pivot rod and bracket assembly., See illustration"C".
4o
Remove the hair pins from the adjuster plates,, See illustrations "A" and "B"o
5,,
Move the mower housing to the left untilthe right side adjuster
plate separates from the hanger° See illustration "A".
6.
Move the mower housing to the right until the left side adjuster
plate separates from the hanger,, See illustration "t3".
7.,
Remove the long pin from the front hanger. See illustration
8.
Remove the mower drive belt from the stack pulley,. Slide the
mower drive belt between the stack pulley and the belt
guide,,
Completelyturn the steering wheel to the right. Pull the mower
housing away from the left side of the unit.
8o Check the operationof the attachment clutch., See the instructions on "How To Adjust The Attachment Clutch"
9o
4o Attach the adjuster plates to the hangers with the hair pins.,
See illustrations "A" and "B'L
5,
Connect lhe blade drive link to the pivot rod and bracket
assembly with the fasteners,, See illustration"C"_
6
Move the attachment clutch to the ENGAGE position., Make
sure the mower drive belt is inside all the belt guides°
7.
Make sure the mower housing is level See the instructions on
"How To Level The Mower Housing",.
Attachment Clutch
Blade Drive Link
UftLever
HairPin
Hanger
Mower Drive Belt
-..
Hanger
Blade Ddve Link
FrontHanger
F-98668
27
Pivot Rod and
Bracket Assembly
Figure 32
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENT
HOW TO LEVEL THE MOWER HOUSING
t,.
Disconnect one or both adjuster plates from the hangers
(Figure 34).
2.. The higher' number holes in the adjuster plates will raise the
height of the mower housing,. The lower number holes will lower
the mower housing+
3. Connect the adjuster plates to the hangers in the holes that
will level the mower housing. Fasten the adjuster' plates wilh
the hair pins.
4+ Check the housing for'the correct adjustment. If necessary, repeat the adjustmenL
if the mower housing is level, the blade will cut easier and the lawn
will look better°
WARNING: Before you make an inspection, adjust_
1.
ment, or
repair
to the unit,
disconnect
the wire
to the
spark
plug+
Remove
the spark
plug wire
to prevent
the engine from starting by accident.
Make sure the unit is on a hard level surface..
2+ Check the air pressure in the tires, tf the air pressure is incorrect, the mower housing will not cut level.. Make sure the rear
tires are inflatedto 14 psi (1 BAR) and the front tires to 22 psi..
(1 +5 BAR).
3. Move the lever for the attachment clutchto the ENGAGE posi+
lion+ Move the lift lever to the middle position.
4.. There are two adjustment procedures below that will level the
mower housing..
Hanger
THE SIDE TO SIDE ADJUSTMENT
There are measuring points on the mower housing indicated by
small round dimples A, B, C, and D shown in Figure 33. To
determine if an adjustment is needed, use a ruler and measure the
distance from the level surface to the bottom of the mower' housing
at points C and D+ In correct adjustment, the mower housing at
points C and D must be within 1/4' (6 ram) of the same height, tf the
difference in the measurement is more than 1/4" (6 mm), adjust as
follows.+
Hal
Adjuster Plate
Figure 34
THE FRONT TO BACK ADJUSTMENT
To determineif an adjustment is needed, use a ruler and measure
the dislance from the level surface to the bottom of the mower
housing at pointsA and B,+in correct adjustment, the front of the
mower housing at point A will be 1/8" to 3/8" (3mm to 9mm) lower
than the back of the mower housing at point B. Adjust as follows.
1.. Loosen the jam nut (Figure 35)+
2, +rum the Iocknut clockwise to raise the front of the mower
housing.,+rum the !ocknut counterclockwise to lower the front
of the mower housing.,
3., Check the housing for the correct adjustment,. If necessary, repeat the adjustment.
4+ Tighten the jam nut,,
5. Connect the wire to the spark plug.
Suspension Bracket
Suspension Rod
C
D
Adjusting Clevis
Jam Nut
Counterclockwise
Locknut
B
F-98668
Figure 33
Figure 35
28
sERvicE
HOW
TO REPLACE
THE MOTION
AND ADJUSTMENT
DRIVE
BELT
2,
Slide the motion drive belt between the belt retainer and idler
pulley° Make sure the flat side of the motion drive belt is against
the idler pulley Also, make sure the belt is not twisted.
3.
Instal] the motion drive belt around the drive pulley.,
4,,
Make sure the motion drive belt is inside all the belt guides.
Try to pull the motion drive belt off the drive pulley,, ff the belt
guides are too close to the drive pulley, loosen the belt
guides (Figure 37),
5.
Make sure all the belt guides are tight,,
6,
Before you use the unit, check the adjuslment of the clutch,,See
the instructions "How To Check And Adjust The Clutch".
4,,
Remove the motion drive belt from the idler pulley,,
7_
5.
Putl the motion drive belt toward the front of the unit.
tnsta[I the mower housing. See the instructions "How To Install
The Mower Housing",,
6.
Remove the motion drive belt from the stack pulley. If
necessary, loosen the belt guide at the stack pulley, A correct
replacement part or assistance is available from an authorized
service center in your area,
REMOVAL
1.
Remove the mower housing. See the instructions on "How To
Remove The Mower Housing"°
2.,
Completely push the clutch/brake pedal forward and engage
the parking brake,,
3o
Motion Drive Belt
Side Against Pulley)
INSTALLATION
Slide the motion drive best between the stack pulley and the
belt guider install the motion drive belt on the top pulley of the
stack pulley. Make sure the "V" side of the belt is against the
pulley (Figure 36).,
) j
Putley
Figure 36
Stack Pulley
BellRelainer
Belt Guide
Drive Pulley
0
Figure 37
F-98668
29
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENT
HOW
TO REPLACE
THE
MOWER
DRIVE
BELT
REMOVAL
1.
Move the lift lever to the lowest position._
2.
Slide the mower drive belt between the stack pulley and the
belt guide_ Remove the mower drive belt from the stack pulley.
3.
Pull the belt retainer away from the idler' pulley and remove
the mower drive belt (Figure 39)..
4_
Slide the mower drive belt between the mandrel pulley and
the belt guides.
NOTE: Replace the mower drive belt with an original
equipment belt from an authorized service center.
3.
Pull the belt retainer away from the idler pulley,. Put the
mower drive belt around the idler' pulley_
4.
Make sure the mower"drive belt is inside all the belt guides,
Also make sure the mower drive belt is not twisted,
5,
Slide the mower drive belt between the stack pulley and the
belt guide. Install the mower drive belt around the the stack
pulley°
6.
Before you mow, check the attachment clutch° See the instructions on "How To Adjust The Attachment Clutch'L
)_
INSTALLATION
Mower Drive Bell
Side Against Pulley)
1_
Pull the belt guides away from the mandrel pulley Slide the
belt between the belt guides and the mandrel pulley,
2.
Make sure the _ side of the mower drive belt is against the
mandrel pulley (Figure 38)..
)_)j
Pu|ley
I.HH
®
@
Id)er Pulley
®
Mower Drive Belt
F-98668
...
Figure38
....
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENT
HOW TO REPLACE
THE FUSE
If the fuse is blown, the engine will not start The tocation of the fuse
is next to the battery. Remove the fuse and replace with a 15 amp
automotive fuse (Figure 40)
15 amp
Automotive Fuse
Figure4(;
HOW TO SET THE CUTTING HEIGHT
The cutting height is set at the factory from 1t/2to 4 inches..To lower
or raise the cutting height, make an adjustment to the lifter rod as
follows.
Hair Pin
1+, Move the lift lever to the lowest position.
2o
Disconnect the lifter rod from the lifter arm (Figure 41).
3.
Turn the lifter rod clockwise to lower or counterclockwise to
raise the cutting heighL
4°
Attach the lifter rod to the lifter arm.
5.
Move the lift leverto the highestposition..Make sure the pulleys
or belt do not touch the bottom of the frame,
Lifter Rod
Figure 41
HOW TO CLEAN THE MOWER HOUSING
,_
stop
the engine
and you
disconnect
the wire
to the
spark
WARNING:
Before
clean the
mower
housing,
plug.
Grass and other debris on top of the mower housing can keep the
belt from working correctly. For safety and correct operation,
frequently clean the top of the mower housing° Remove grass and
debris from around the pulleys and other moving parts°
1+ Move the lever for the attachment clutch to the ENGAGE position
3t
F-98668
2
Clean the top of the mower housing1
3+ Move the lever for the attachment clutch to the DISENGAGE
position
4
Again clean the top of the mower housing
5
After you cut the grass, clean the bottom of the mower housing
FRONT
WHEEL
ALIGNMENT
The alignment of the front wheels cannot be adjusted° If the steering
is damaged and the alignment has changed, see your nearest
authorized service center
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENT
STORAGE
(over 30 days)
prevent engine problems with the fuel system, empty the fuel
system before storage of 30 days or longer.
At the end of each year, prepare the unitfor storage as follows,.
NOTE: Fuel stabilizer (like STA-BIL) is an acceptable
alternative in reducing the formation of fuel gum in the fuel tank
and the gasoline storage container. Always follow the mix ratio
located on the container of stabilizer. Run the engine at least 10
minutes after adding the stabilizer to allow the stabilizer to
reach the carburetor. Do not drain the fuel tank and carburetor
if stabilizer is used.
GENERALINSPECTION
Inspect the belts.,tf the belts are damaged or worn, replace with
replacement belts from the factory, See the belt replacement
instructions in the Service And Adjustment section°
2,,
Make sure all nuts, bolts and screws are tight.. Inspect moving
parts for damage, breakage and wear. Replace if necessary.
MOWER
1,
if you do not use a stabilizer, do the following:
HOUSING
Clean the mower housing See "How To Clean The Mower
Housing'L
LUBRICATE
1.
Start the engine
2o
Run the engine untilthe fuel tank and the carburetor are out of
fuel and the engine stops,
3_
Do not leave fuel in the fuel tank or the carburetor.. The fuel can
damage the function of the fuel system° Some models have a
fuel drain (Figure 42)_ Hold a cloth under the fuel drain. Push
the fuel drain until the carburetor is empty.
4.
After storage, make sure you use fresh fuel.
THE UNIT
See the "Where To Lubricate" instructions in the Customer'
Responsibilities section..
THE ENGINE
1_
Clean the dirt and grass from the engine._
2,
Change the oil See the instructions,"How To Change The Oil",
3.
Check the air screen., See the instructions, "How To Clean The
Cooling System",
4.,
Check the spark piug.,See the instructions, "How To CheckThe
Spark Plug"..
Fuel Drain
Figure 42
THE FUEL SYSTEM
THE BATTERY
ing
or near aDo
fire.
not the
smoke
because
theafumes
WARNING:
notDo
drain
gasoline
inside
buildfrom the fuel can cause an explosion.
CAUTION: During storage, it is important to prevent deposits
from occurring in fuel system parts like the carburetor, fuel
filter, fue! line and the fuel tanks Alcohol gasoline mixtures
(called gasohol or using ethanol or' methanol) attract moisture
causing acid deposits during storage. While the unit is in
storage, the acids in the fuel can damage the fuel system. To
F-98668
Io
Remove the batter't_
2o
Clean the battery terminals of any deposits.
3_
Charge the battery_See the instructions on"Hew To Check And
Charge The Battery".
4_
Store the battery in a cool, dry place,,
NOTE: After a long time in storage, charge the battery.
32
TROUBLE SHOOTING
PROBLEM: The engine will not start.
to Followthe steps, "How To Start The Engine" in this book.
2
Electric-Start Models: Clean the battery terrninals.Tighten the
cables,,
3o
4
5.
6
7
Check for a loose wire Tighten the limit switches. (See the wiring diagram..)
Drain the fuel tank., Clean the fuel liner Replace the fuel filter,
Remove the spark plug(s), Move the throttleto the SLOW position,,Turn the ignitionkey to the ON position Try tostart the engine several times., install the spark plug_
Replace the spark plug
Adjust the carburetor,,
PROBLEM: The engine will not turn over.
1. Follow the steps, "How To Start The Engine" in thisbook,
2, Electric-Start Models:Check the levelof the acid in the battery
If needed, add water° Charge the battery.
3,, Replace the fuse.,
4o Check the wiring harness for damage or a loose connection,
Repair the damaged wire°
5_ Electric-Start Models: replace the solenoid. Recoil-Start Models: replace the module.
PROBLEM: The engine is difficult
1. Adjust the carburetor,,
2o Replace the spark plug.
3, Replace the fue! filter.,
1o Check the oil,,
2, Clean the air filter,,
6,
7,
Adjust the carburetor.
Replace the fuel filter.
PROBLEM:
The engine does
speed.
1, Replace the spark plug.
2. Adjust the throttle control
3o Clean the air filter,,
4_
not run smooth
3,
4.
1.,
2,
3_
4.
5,
in power.
Adjust the carburetor
Replace the fuel filter,
PROBLEM:
Excessive
vibration.
Replace the blade,,
Check for loose engine bolts,
Decrease the air pressure in the tires,
Adjust the carburetor_
Check for a damaged belt or damaged pulley Replace the
damaged parts,,
PROBLEM: The grass does not discharge correctly.
1,,
2.,
3.,
4.,
5,
Stop the engine_ Clean the mower housing.
Raise the height of cut,
Replace or sharpen the blade(s)_,
Move the shift lever to a slower speed.
Move the throttle control to the FAST position,,
6_
Replace the spring for the blade tdler_
2o
3_
PROBLEM: The engine does not run smooth or has a
loss of power.
Clean the air screem
Replace the spark plug
The engine is working too hard. Use a lower gear,
PROBLEM:
A hot engine causes a decrease
1. Clean the airscreen.
2, Check the oil,,
PROBLEM: The mower housing does not cut level.
1o Check the air pressure in the tires,
to start.
3o
4,
5,
CHART
Adjust the level of the mower housing_
Checkthe front axle, If the front axle does not freely pivot,loosen the axle bolt(s).,
PROBLEM:
The mower blades will not rotate.
1., Check the mower drive belt Make sure the belt is installedcorrectly.
2., Replace the mower drive bell
PROBLEM:
The unit will not move when the clutch is
engaged.
1, Check the motion drive bell Make sure the belt is installed
correctly°
at fast
Replace the fuel filter,,
PROBLEM:
The engine stops when the blades are
engaged.
I. To activate the seat sensor, always sitin the middle of the seal
2o Check the wiring harness for damage or a loose connection_
Repair the damaged wire°
PROBLEM: On slopes, the engine stops.
1_ Mow up and down slopes,, Never mow across a slope,
2., To activate the seat sensor, always sit in the middle of the seat,,
PROBLEM: The engine will not idle.
1. Replace the spark plug.
2, Clean the air filter,
3. Adjust the carburetor*,
4.. Adjust the throttle control°
5. Drain the fuel tank. Clean the fuel line,, Replace the fuel filter.
33
F.-98668
2, Adjust the clutch.
3o Replace the motion drive belt.
PROBLEM: The unit moves slower or stops when the
clutch is engaged,
Io Adjust the clutch.
2, Replace the motion drivebell
PROBLEM: When the clutch/brake pedal is released, belt
noise can be heard.
1_ Temporary' belt noise does not change the operation of the unit,
If belt noise is continuous, check the routingof the bell Make
sure the belt is inside all belt guides,
2,, if the noise is continuous, adjust the clutch_
PROBLEM:
The rear wheels spin over uneven terrain,
1o Check the front axle. If the front axle does not freely pivot, loosen the axle bolt(s)_
PROBLEM:
The transaxle is difficult to shift between
gears with the engine running and the clutch depressed.
1_ Check the clutchadjustment to make sure the belt stops when
the clutch pedal is depressed with the transaxle in (N) neutral°
2_ Check the belt guides around the transaxle drive pulley, Make
sure the belt guides do not touch the pulley.
?
LO
0:,
(33
i
Operate a walk-behind
mower
across the face of slopes,
never up or down slopes.
t
4_
!
{t=
10 DEGREES
_.
15 DEGREES
Operate a riding mower
up or down slopes, never
across the face of slopes.
On a riding mower to determine if a slope is safe to mow: (1) disengage the blade(s), (2) put the unit in reverse, and (3) try to back straight up the
slope. If you can back up the slope, It Is generally safe to mow. However, if you do not feel safe, or if you are not completely sure, use this guide
and do not mow a slope that is greater than 15 degrees. If the riding mower is used with a pull-behind or rear mounted attachment,
do not operate the unit on a slope that is greater than 10 degrees.
A 15 degree slope is a hill that increases in height at approximately 2.5 feet in 10 feet.
A 10 degree slope is a hill that increases in height at approximately 1.7 feet in 10 feet.
slopes. Operate a riding mower up or down slopes, never across the face of slopes. Operate a walk-behind mower across the face
Use extreme care at atl times, and avoid sudden turns or maneuvers. Follow other instructions in this manual for safety in mowing on
of slopes, never up or down slopes. Use extra care when operating on or near slopes and obstructions.
CUT R'E
S'E'S
........................
iNDEX
A
Adjustments
Attachment Clutch, 20
Clutch, 21
Drive Brake, 21
Mower Housing
Cutting Height, 31
Level, 28
Air Screen, 24
Attachment Clutch
Adjust, 20
Location, 11
Operation, 12
Attachments, 6
B
Battery
Charge, 22
Check, 8
Check Acid Level, 22
Clean, 22
Emergency Start, 15
Install, 8
Removal, 8, 22
Belt
Motion DAve
Adjust, 21
Replace, 29
Routing, 9
Mower DAve
Adjust, 20
Replace, 30
Routing, 9
Blade
Inspect, 19
Remove And Install, 19
Sharpen, 19
C
Clutch
Adjust, 21
Check, 21
Clutch / Brake Pedal, Location, 11
Customer Responsibilities
Attachment Clutch, 20
Battery
Charge, 22
Check Acid, 22
Clean, 22
Blade, 19
Clutch, 21
DAve Brake, 21
Filter, Air, 25
Lubrication, 23
Maintenance Chart, 18
Muffler, 24
Spark Plug, 25
Cutting Height
Adjust, 28, 31
Change, 13
F-98668
D
DAve Brake
Adjust, 21
Check, 21
E
Engine
Cooling System, 24
Fuel, t5
Lubrication, 24
Muffler, 24
Oil, 15, 24
Spark Arrester, 24
Starting, 15
Throttle Control, 12
F
Type, 15
Operation
Attachment Clutch, 1I, 12
Clutch / Brake Pedal, 11
Emergency Start, 15
Ignition Switch, 11
Lift Lever, 11, 13
Location Of Controls, tl
Mower Housing, 14
Mowing And Bagging, 17
Mulching, 17
Operate On Hills, 14
Parking Brake, 11, 13
Shift Lever, 11, 12
Start The Engine, 15
Stop The Unit, 13
Throttle Control, 11, !2
Transport, 13
P
Filter, Air, 25
Parking Brake
Location, 11
Operation, 13
Fuel, Type, 15
Fuse, 31
i
S
ignition Switch, Location, 11
L
Lift Lever
Location, 1t
Operation, 13
Lubrication
Engine, 24
Mower, 23
M
Maintenance Chart, 18
Motion Drive Belt
Adjust, 21
Reptace, 29
Mower Drive Belt
Adjust, 20
Replace, 30
Mower Housing
Clean, 31
Cutting Height, t3, 31
Install, 27
Level Adjustment, 28
Operation, 14
Remove, 27
Muffler, 24
Spark Arrester, 24
Mulcher
Install, 16
Operation, 17
Remove, t6
O
Safety Rules, American National
Standard Institute, 4-5
Seat, Install, 10
Service And Adjustment
Belt
Motion DAve, 29
Mower Drive, 30
Fuse, 31
Mower Housing
Clean, 31
Cutting Height, 31
Install, 27
Level, 28
Remove, 27
Storage, 32
Carburetor, 26
Shift Lever
Location, 11
Operation, 12
Side Panel, 22
Slope Guide, 34
Spark Arrester, 24
Spark Plug, 25
Steering Wheel, 9
Storage, 32
T
Throttle Control
Location, 11
Operation, 12
Tire Pressure, 9, 18, 28
Trouble Shooting Chart, 33
W
Oil
Change, 24
Check, 15, 24
35
Wheel Alignment, 31
CRRFTSMRN
13.5
30" MOWER
5
EAR
owner's
The Model Number for the mower is found on a decal attached to the back of
the frame.,The Model Number' for the engine is found on the blower housing
above the spark plug. Always give the Model Number when you call for service
or order repair parts for your' unit.
Model No.
502.270210
Repair parts can be ordered from any Sears Service Center/Department and
most Sears Stores_
WHEN ORDERING REPAIR PARTS, ALWAYS HAVE THE FOLLOWING
INFORMATION AS SHOWN IN THIS LIST.
•
PRODUCT-
REAR ENGINE RIDER
e MODEL NUMBER - 502.270210
•
ENGINE MODEL NO. 143981300
o PART NUMBER
e PART DESCRIPTION
To Call Toll Free
For Service
1--800-4-REPAIR
(1-800-473-7247)
For Parts
1-800-366-PART
(1-800-366-7278)
F-98668
Your Sears merchandise has added value when you consider Sears has service units
nationwide staffed with Sears trained technicians. Sears technicianshave the necessary
parts, toots and equipment to meet the Sears pledge, '_We Service What We Sell".
Sears, Roebuck and Co., Hoffman Estates, |L. 60179 U.S.A.
Printed
in US_A.