White Outdoor 10.5-28 Operator`s manual

Safety • Assembly • Operation • Adjustments • Maintenance • Troubleshooting • Parts Lists • Warranty
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
Two-Stage Snow Throwers 8.5-26 and 10.5-28
IMPORTANT:
READ SAFETY RULES AND
INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY
BEFORE OPERATION
PRINTED IN U.S.A.
60 Ottawa Street South, KITCHENER, ONTARIO N2G 4J1
772C0775
7/13/2005
This Operator’s Manual is an important part of your new snow thrower. It will help you assemble,
prepare and maintain the unit for best performance. Please read and understand what it says.
Table of Contents
Safety Labels ...................................................... 3
Safe Operation Practices ................................... 4
Setting Up Your Snow Thrower .......................... 6
Operating Your Snow Thrower ......................... 10
MakingAdjustments ......................................... 14
Maintaining Your Snow Thrower ...................... 16
Off-Season Storage .......................................... 20
Trouble Shooting .............................................. 21
Warranty ............................................................ 22
Illustrated Parts Lists ....................................... 23
Finding and Recording Model Number
BEFORE YOU START ASSEMBLING
YOUR NEW EQUIPMENT,
please locate the model plate on the equipment and copy the
the model number and the serial number to the sample model
plate provided to the right. You can locate the model plate by
standing at the operating position and looking down at the
frame.
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Customer Support
1. If you have difficulty assembling this product or have any questions regarding the controls, operation or maintenance of this
unit, please call an authorized dealer.
Please have your unit’s model number and serial number ready when you call. See previous section to locate this
information.
2. The engine manufacturer is responsible for all enigne-related issues with regards to performance, power-rating, specifications, warranty and service. Please refer to the engine manufacturer’s Owner’s/Operator’s Manual, packed separately with
your unit, for more information.
2
1
Safety
Labels
WARNING
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Chute Clean-out
Tool
A chute clean-out tool is fastened to the top
of the auger housing with a mounting clip. The
tool is designed to clear a chute assembly of
ice and snow.
This item is fastened with a cable tie at the
factory. Cut the cable tie before operating the
snow thrower.
WARNING: Never use your
hands to clear a clogged chute
assembly. Shut off engine and
remain behind handles until
all moving parts have stopped
before using the clean-out tool
to clear the chute assembly.
3
This symbol points
out important safety
instructions which,
if not followed, could
endanger the personal safety and/or
property of yourself
and others. Read and
follow all instructions
in this manual before
attempting to operate
this machine. Failure
to comply with these
instructions may
result in personal
injury. When you see
this symbol.
HEED ITS WARNING!
Your Responsibility
Restrict the use
of this power machine
to persons who read,
understand
and follow the warnings
and instructions
in this manual
and on the machine.
2
Safe
Operation
Practices
WARNING
This symbol points
out important safety
instructions which,
if not followed, could
endanger the personal safety and/or
property of yourself
and others. Read and
follow all instructions
in this manual before
attempting to operate
this machine. Failure
to comply with these
instructions may
result in personal
injury. When you see
this symbol.
WARNING: Engine Exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to State of California to cause cancer and
birth defects or other reproductive harm.
DANGER: This machine was built to be operated according to the rules for safe operation in this
manual. As with any type of power equipment, carelessness or error on the part of the operator can
result in serious injury. This machine is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects.
Failure to observe the following safety instructions could result in serious injury or death.
Training
Preparation
1. Read, understand, and follow all instructions on the
machine and in the manual(s) before attempting to
assemble and operate. Keep this manual in a safe place for
future and regular reference and for ordering replacement
parts.
2. Be familiar with all controls and their proper operation.
Know how to stop the machine and disengage them quickly.
3. Never allow children under 14 years old to operate this
machine. Children 14 years old and over should read and
understand the operation instructions and safety rules in
this manual and should be trained and supervised by a
parent.
4. Never allow adults to operate this machine without proper
instruction.
5. Thrown objects can cause serious personal injury. Plan
your snow-throwing pattern to avoid discharge of material
toward roads, bystanders and the like.
6. Keep bystanders, helpers, pets and children at least 75 feet
from the machine while it is in operation. Stop machine if
anyone enters the area.
7. Exercise caution to avoid slipping or falling, especially
when operating in reverse.
1. Thoroughly inspect the area where the equipment is to be
used. Remove all doormats, newspapers, sleds, boards,
wires and other foreign objects, which could be tripped over
or thrown by the auger/impeller.
2. Always wear safety glasses or eye shields during operation
and while performing an adjustment or repair to protect your
eyes. Thrown objects which ricochet can cause serious
injury to the eyes.
3. Do not operate without wearing adequate winter outer
garments. Do not wear jewelry, long scarves or other
loose clothing, which could become entangled in moving
parts. Wear footwear which will improve footing on slippery
surfaces.
4. Use a grounded three-wire extension cord and receptacle
for all units with electric start engines.
5. Adjust collector housing height to clear gravel or crushed
rock surfaces.
6. Disengage all control levers before starting the engine.
7. Never attempt to make any adjustments while engine is
running, except where specifically recommended in the
operator’s manual.
8. Let engine and machine adjust to outdoor temperature
before starting to clear snow.
9. To avoid personal injury or property damage use extreme
care in handling gasoline. Gasoline is extremely flammable
and the vapors are explosive. Serious personal injury can
occur when gasoline is spilled on yourself or your clothes,
which can ignite. Wash your skin and change clothes
immediately.
a. Use only an approved gasoline container.
b. Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes and other sources
of ignition.
c. Never fuel machine indoors.
d. Never remove gas cap or add fuel while the engine is hot
or running.
e. Allow engine to cool at least two minutes before refueling.
f. Never over fill fuel tank. Fill tank to no more than ½ inch
below bottom of filler neck to provide space for fuel
expansion.
g. Replace gasoline cap and tighten securely.
h. If gasoline is spilled, wipe it off the engine and equipment. Move machine to another area. Wait 5 minutes
before starting the engine.
i. Never store the machine or fuel container inside where
there is an open flame, spark or pilot light (e.g. furnace,
water heater, space heater, clothes dryer etc.).
j. Allow machine to cool at least 5 minutes before storing.
HEED ITS WARNING!
Your Responsibility
Restrict the use
of this power machine
to persons who read,
understand
and follow the warnings
and instructions
in this manual
and on the machine.
4
Operation
Maintenance & Storage
1. Do not put hands or feet near rotating parts, in the
auger/impeller housing or chute assembly. Contact with the
rotating parts can amputate hands and feet.
2. The auger/impeller control lever is a safety device. Never
bypass its operation. Doing so makes the machine unsafe
and may cause personal injury.
3. The control levers must operate easily in both directions
and automatically return to the disengaged position when
released.
4. Never operate with a missing or damaged chute assembly.
Keep all safety devices in place and working.
5. Never run an engine indoors or in a poorly ventilated area.
Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, an odorless and
deadly gas.
6. Do not operate machine while under the influence of alcohol
or drugs.
7. Muffler and engine become hot and can cause a burn. Do
not touch.
8. Exercise extreme caution when operating on or crossing
gravel surfaces. Stay alert for hidden hazards or traffic.
9. Exercise caution when changing direction and while operating on slopes.
10. Plan your snow-throwing pattern to avoid discharge towards
windows, walls, cars etc. Thus, avoiding possible property
damage or personal injury caused by a ricochet.
11. Never direct discharge at children, bystanders and pets or
allow anyone in front of the machine.
12. Do not overload machine capacity by attempting to clear
snow at too fast of a rate.
13. Never operate this machine without good visibility or light.
Always be sure of your footing and keep a firm hold on the
handles. Walk, never run.
14. Disengage power to the auger/impeller when transporting or
not in use.
15. Never operate machine at high transport speeds on slippery
surfaces. Look down and behind and use care when
backing up.
16. If the machine should start to vibrate abnormally, stop the
engine, disconnect the spark plug wire and ground it against
the engine. Inspect thoroughly for damage. Repair any
damage before starting and operating.
17. Disengage all control levers and stop engine before you
leave the operating position (behind the handles). Wait
until the auger/impeller comes to a complete stop before
unclogging the chute assembly, making any adjustments, or
inspections.
18. Never put your hand in the discharge or collector openings.
Always use the clean-out tool provided to unclog the discharge opening. Do not unclog chute assembly while engine
is running. Shut off engine and remain behind handles until
all moving parts have stopped before unclogging.
19. Use only attachments and accessories approved by the
manufacturer (e.g. wheel weights, tire chains, cabs etc.).
20. If situations occur which are not covered in this manual, use
care and good judgment. Call customer assistance for the
name of your nearest servicing dealer.
1. Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper
operation regularly.
2. Disengage all control levers and stop the engine. Wait until
the auger/impeller come to a complete stop. Disconnect the
spark plug wire and ground against the engine to prevent
unintended starting before cleaning, repairing, or inspecting.
3. Check bolts and screws for proper tightness at frequent
intervals to keep the machine in safe working condition.
Also, visually inspect machine for any damage.
4. Do not change the engine governor setting or over-speed
the engine. The governor controls the maximum safe
operating speed of the engine.
5. Snow thrower shave plates and skid shoes are subject to
wear and damage. For your safety protection, frequently
check all components and replace with original equipment
manufacturer’s (OEM) parts only. “Use of parts which do
not meet the original equipment specifications may lead to
improper performance and compromise safety!”
6. Check controls periodically to verify they engage and
disengage properly and adjust, if necessary. Refer to the
adjustment section in this operator’s manual for instructions.
7. Maintain or replace safety and instruction labels, as necessary.
8. Observe proper disposal laws and regulations for gas, oil,
etc. to protect the environment.
9. Prior to storing, run machine a few minutes to clear snow
from machine and prevent freeze up of auger/impeller.
10. Never store the machine or fuel container inside where
there is an open flame, spark or pilot light such as a water
heater, furnace, clothes dryer etc.
11. Always refer to the operator’s manual for proper instructions
on off-season storage.
Do not modify engine
To avoid serious injury or death, do not modify engine in any
way. Tampering with the governor setting can lead to a runaway
engine and cause it to operate at unsafe speeds. Never tamper
with factory setting of engine governor.
Notice regarding Emissions
Engines which are certified to comply with California and federal
EPA emission regulations for SORE (Small Off Road Equipment)
are certified to operate on regular unleaded gasoline, and may
include the following emission control systems: Engine Modification (EM) and Three Way Catalyst (TWC) if so equipped.
2
Safe
Operation
Practices
WARNING
This symbol points
out important safety
instructions, which
if not followed, could
endanger the personal safety and/or
property of yourself
and others. Read and
follow all instructions
in this manual before
attempting to operate
this machine. Failure
to comply with these
instructions may
result in personal
injury. When you see
this symbol.
HEED IT’S WARNING!
Your Responsibility
Restrict the use
of this power machine
to persons who read,
understand
and follow the warnings
and instructions
in this manual
and on the machine.
5
3
Setting Up
Your Snow
Thrower
IMPORTANT: The snow thrower is shipped with oil
and WITHOUT GASOLINE. After assembly, refer to
separate engine manual for proper fuel and engine oil
recommendations.
1. Observe the lower area of the snow thrower to be
sure both cables are aligned with roller guides before
pivoting handle upward.
1
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a. Pull up and back on upper handle as shown in
Figure 1. Align upper handle with the lower handle.
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b. Tighten hand knobs securing upper handle to
lower handle.
2. Remove wing nut and hex screw from chute control
assembly and clevis pin and cotter pin from chute
support bracket. See Figure 2. Position the chute
assembly (forward-facing) over the chute base.
NOTE: References to
right or left side of the
snow thrower are determined from behind the
unit in the operating
position.
NOTE: This Operator’s
Manual covers several
models, handle panels,
lights and chute cranks
are some features that
may vary by model.
Not all features referenced in this manual
are applicable to all
snow thrower models.
3. Place chute assembly onto chute base and secure
chute control assembly to chute support bracket with
clevis pin and cotter pin removed earlier. See Figure 3.
Figure 1
2
Figure 2
3
NOTE: Two replacement auger shear pins
are included with this
manual (or stowed
in the plastic handle
panel). Refer to Augers
in the Maintainance
Section for more
information regarding
shear pin replacement.
Figure 3
6
4. Finish securing chute control assembly to chute
support bracket with wing nut and hex screw removed
earlier. See Figure 4.
3
4
Setting Up
Your Snow
Thrower
CAUTION
Figure 4
5
5. Check that all cables are properly routed through the
cable guide on top of the engine. See Figure 5.
The extension cord is fastened with a cable tie to the rear
of the auger housing for shipping purposes. Cut the cable
tie and remove it before operating the snow thrower.
CAUTION: Prior to operating your
snow thrower, refer to Auger Control
Test on page 13. Read and follow all
instructions carefully, and perform
all adjustments to verify your snow
thrower is operating safely and
properly.
Figure 5
Shear Pin Storage
An area for convenient shear pin storage is located under
the plastic dash panel. See Figure 6.
Figure 6
7
Prior to operating
your snow thrower,
refer to Auger Control
Test on page 13.
Read and follow all
instructions carefully and perform all
adjustments to verify
your unit is operating
safely and properly.
3
Drift Cutters (If Equipped)
Drift cutters should be used when operating the snow
thrower in heavy drift conditions.
• On models so equipped, drift cutters are assembled to
the auger housing inverted. See Figure 7.
• Remove the carriage bolts by unthreading the hex
nuts which secure them, and reinstall the drift cutters
facing forward before operating the snow thrower.
Refer to Figure 8.
Setting Up
Your Snow
Thrower
If your unit is not equipped with drift cutters, you may
contact Customer Support as instructed on page 2 for
information regarding price and availability.
Snow Thrower Model Drift Cutter Kit:
All modelsOEM-390-679
Figure 7
WARNING
Never use your hands
to clean snow and
ice from the chute
assembly or auger
housing.
IMPORTANT
Under any circumstance do not exceed
manufacturer’s recommended psi. Equal tire
pressure should be
maintained at all times.
Excessive pressure
when seating beads
may cause tire/rim
assembly to burst
with force sufficient to
cause serious injury.
Refer to sidewall of
tire for recommended
pressure.
Figure 8
Figure 9
8
Clean-Out Tool
Clean-Out
Tool
The clean-out tool is mounted to the rear of the auger
housing and is designed to clear a clogged chute. Refer
to page 11 for instructions on how to properly use it.
NOTE: This item is fastened with a cable tie to the rear
of the auger housing at the factory. Cut the cable tie
before operating the snow thrower.
WARNING: Never use your hands to
clean snow and ice from the chute
assembly or auger housing.
3
Setting Up
Your Snow
Thrower
Skid Shoes
Figure 10
Position the skid shoes based on surface conditions.
Adjust upward for hard-packed snow. Adjust downward
when operating on gravel or crushed rock surfaces.
Tire Pressure (Pneumatic Tires)
The tires are over-inflated for shipping purposes.
Check the tire pressure before operating the snow
thrower. Refer to the tire side wall for tire manufacturer’s
recommended psi and deflate (or inflate) the tires as
necessary.
NOTE: If the tire pressure is not equal in both tires, the
unit may not travel in a straight path and the shave plate
may wear unevenly.
WARNING
Never use your hands
to clean snow and
ice from the chute
assembly or auger
housing.
General Recommendations
1. Always observe safety rules when performing
any maintenance.
2. The warranty on this snow thrower does not cover
items that have been subjected to operator abuse
or negligence. To receive full value from warranty,
operator must maintain the snow thrower as
instructed here.
3. Some adjustments will have to be made periodically
to maintain your unit properly.
4. Periodically check all fasteners and make sure these
are tight.
9
IMPORTANT
Under any circumstance do not exceed
manufacturer’s recommended psi. Equal tire
pressure should be
maintained at all times.
Excessive pressure
when seating beads
may cause tire/rim
assembly to burst
with force sufficient to
cause serious injury.
Refer to sidewall of
tire for recommended
pressure.
4
Operating
Your Snow
Thrower
Know Your Snow Thrower
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WARNING
Read, understand,
and follow all instructions and warnings
on the machine and
in this manual before
operating.
Use extreme care
when handling
gasoline. Gasoline is
extremely flammable
and the vapors are
explosive. Never fuel
the machine indoors
or while the engine
is hot or running.
Extinguish cigarettes,
cigars, pipes and
other sources of
ignition.
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Figure 11
Now that you have set up your snow thrower for
operation, get acquainted with its controls and features. These are described below and illustrated in
Figure 1. This knowledge will allow you to use your
new equipment to its fullest potential.
Choke Control
The choke control is found on the rear of the engine and
is activated by rotating the knob clockwise. Activating the
choke control closes the choke plate on the carburetor
and aids in starting the engine.
NOTE: For detailed starting instructions and more
information on all engine controls, refer to the engine
manual packed with your unit.
Shift Lever
The shift lever is located on the right
side of the handle panel. Place the
shift lever into any of eight positions to
control the direction of travel and ground
speed.
Forward
Your snow thrower has six forward (F)
speeds, with position number one (1)
being the slowest speed.
Reverse
Your snow thrower has two reverse (R)
speeds, with position number one (1)
being the slower speed.
Throttle Control
The throttle control is located on the
engine. It regulates the speed of the
engine and will shut off the engine when
pushed down completely.
Primer
Depressing the primer forces fuel directly
into the engine’s carburetor to aid in
cold-weather starting.
Oil Fill
Engine oil level can be checked and oil
added through the oil fill.
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10
Auger Control
The chute directional control is located on the left side of
the dash panel.
• To change the direction in which snow is thrown,
squeeze the button on the joy-stick and pivot the
joy-stick to the right or to the left.
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• To change the angle/distance which snow is thrown,
pivot the joy-stick forward or backward.
Ignition Key
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The auger control is located on the left handle. Squeeze
the control grip against the handle to engage the augers
and start snow throwing action. Release to stop.
Drive Control/ Auger Control Lock
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The ignition key must be inserted and snapped in place
in order for the engine to start. Remove the ignition key to
prevent unauthorized use of equipment. Do NOT attempt
to turn the key.
The drive control is located on the right handle. Squeeze
the control grip against the handle to engage the wheel
drive. Release to stop.
The drive control also locks the auger control so you can
operate the chute directional control without interrupting
the snow throwing process. If the auger control is engaged simultaneously with the drive control, the operator
can release the auger control (on the left handle) and
the augers will remain engaged. Release both controls to
stop the augers and wheel drive.
IMPORTANT: Always release the drive control before
changing speeds.
Four-Way Chute Control™
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Operating
Your Snow
Thrower
Clean-Out Tool
WARNING: Never use your hands to
clear a clogged chute assembly. Shut
off engine and remain behind handles
until all moving parts have stopped
before unclogging.
The clean-out tool is mounted to the rear of the auger
housing and is designed to clear a clogged chute. Refer
to page 9 for instructions on how to properly use it.
NOTE: This item is fastened with a cable tie to the rear
of the auger housing at the factory. Cut the cable tie
before operating the snow thrower.
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4
Skid Shoes
Position the skid shoes based on surface conditions.
Adjust upward for hard-packed snow. Adjust downward
when operating on gravel or crushed rock surfaces.
Augers
When engaged, the augers rotate and draw snow into the
auger housing.
Drift Cutters (If Equipped)
Drift cutters should be used when operating the snow
thrower in heavy drift conditions.
Electric Starter Button
Pressing the electric starter button engages the engine’s
electric starter when plugged into a 120V power source.
Electric Starter Outlet
Requires the use of a three-prong outdoor extension cord
and a 120V power source/wall outlet.
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11
WARNING
The operation of
any snow thrower
can result in foreign
objects being thrown
into the eyes, which
can damage your
eyes severely. Always
wear safety glasses
while operating the
snow thrower, or while
performing any adjustments or repairs on it.
Be sure no one other
than the operator is
standing near the snow
thrower while starting
engine or operating
snow thrower. Never
run engine indoors or
in enclosed, poorly
ventilated areas. Engine exhaust contains
carbon monoxide, an
odorless and deadly
gas. Keep hands, feet,
hair and loose clothing
away from any moving
parts on engine and
snow thrower.
Gas & Oil Fill-Up
6. As the engine warms, slowly rotate the choke control
to the OFF position. If the engine falters, quickly rotate
the choke control back to FULL and then slowly into
the OFF position again.
Service the engine with gasoline and oil as instructed in
the separate engine manual packed separately with your
snow thrower. Read instructions carefully.
WARNING
Read, understand,
and follow all instructions and warnings
on the machine and
in this manual before
operating.
Use extreme care
when handling
gasoline. Gasoline is
extremely flammable
and the vapors are
explosive. Never fuel
the machine indoors
or while the engine
is hot or running.
Extinguish cigarettes,
cigars, pipes and
other sources of
ignition.
If your home’s wiring system is not a
three-wire grounded
system, do not use
this electric starter
under any conditions.
If your home
electrical system
is grounded, but a
three-hole receptacle
is not available, do
not use your snow
thrower’s electric
starter.
Starting The Engine
1. Attach spark plug wire to spark plug. Make certain the
metal loop on the end of the spark plug wire (inside
the rubber boot) is fastened securely over the metal
tip on the spark plug.
2. Make certain both the auger control and drive control
are in the disengaged (released) position.
7. When disconnecting the extension cord, always
unplug the end at the three-prong wall outlet before
unplugging the opposite end from the snow thrower.
Recoil Starter
1. Rotate choke control to FULL choke position (cold
engine start).
NOTE: If the engine is already warm, place choke control
in the OFF position instead of FULL.
3. Move throttle control up to FAST position. Insert
ignition key into slot. Make sure it snaps into place.
Do not attempt to turn the key.
NOTE: The engine cannot start unless the key is
inserted into ignition switch.
2. Push the primer two or three times for cold engine
start, making sure to cover vent hole in the center of
the primer when pushing.
Electric Starter (on certain models)
1. Determine that your home’s wiring is a three-wire
grounded system. Ask a licensed electrician if you are
not certain.
NOTE: DO NOT use primer to restart a warm engine
after a short shutdown.
WARNING: The optional electric starter
is equipped with a grounded three-wire
power cord and plug, and is designed
to operate on 120 volt AC household
current. It must be used with a properly
grounded three-prong receptacle at all
times to avoid the possibility of electric
shock. Follow all instructions carefully
prior to operating the electric starter.
If you have a grounded three-prong receptacle, proceed
as follows:
1. Plug the extension cord into the outlet located on the
engine’s surface. Plug the other end of extension cord
into a three-prong 120-volt, grounded, AC outlet in a
well-ventilated area.
2. Rotate choke control to FULL choke position (for a
cold engine start).
NOTE: If the engine is already warm, place choke control
in the OFF position instead of FULL.
3. Push the primer two or three times for cold engine
start, making sure to cover vent hole in the center of
the primer when pushing.
NOTE: Additional priming may be necessary if the
temperature is below 15° F. (-9° C).
3. Grasp the recoil starter handle and slowly pull the
rope out. At the point where it becomes slightly harder
to pull the rope, slowly allow the rope to recoil.
4. Pull the starter handle with a firm, rapid stroke. Do not
release the handle and allow it to snap back. Keep a
firm hold on the starter handle and allow it to slowly
recoil.
5. As the engine warms, slowly rotate the choke control
to the OFF position. If the engine falters, quickly rotate
the choke control back to the FULL position and then
slowly into the OFF position again.
NOTE: Allow the engine to warm up for a few minutes
after starting. The engine will not develop full power until
it reaches operating temperatures.
Stopping The Engine
Run engine for a few minutes before stopping to help dry
off any moisture on the engine.
• To help prevent possible starter freeze-up, proceed as
follows:
Electric Starter (on certain models)
NOTE: DO NOT use primer to restart a warm engine
after a short shutdown.
1. Connect extension cord to the electric starter outlet
on the engine, then to 120 volt AC outlet.
4. Push starter button to start engine.
2. With the engine running, push the starter button and
allow the starter for spin for several seconds. The
noise made by the starter is normal. The engine’s
starter is not being harmed.
5. Once the engine starts, immediately release starter
button.
12
3. When disconnecting the extension cord, always
unplug the end at the three-prong wall outlet before
unplugging the opposite end from the snow thrower.
4. Move throttle control to STOP position.
5. Remove the ignition key (Do not turn key) to prevent
unauthorized use of equipment.
6. Wipe all snow and moisture from the area around the
engine as well as the area in and around the drive
control and auger control. Also, engage and release
both controls several times.
NOTE: Keep the key in a safe place. The engine cannot
start without the ignition key.
Recoil Starter
1. With engine running, pull starter rope with a rapid,
continuous full arm stroke three or four times. Pulling
the starter rope will produce a loud clattering sound,
which is not harmful to engine.
2. Move throttle control to STOP position.
3. Remove the ignition key (Do not turn key) to prevent
unauthorized use of equipment.
NOTE: Keep the key in a safe place. The engine cannot
start without the ignition key.
4. Wipe all snow and moisture from the area around the
engine as well as the area in and around the drive
control and auger control. Also, engage and release
both controls several times.
To Engage Drive
1. With the engine running near top speed, move
shift lever to one of six FORWARD positions or two
REVERSE positions. Select a speed appropriate for
the snow conditions that exist.
Auger Control Test
Perform the following test before operating your snow
thrower for the first time and at the start of each winter.
Check the adjustment of the auger control as follows:
1. When the auger control is released and in the
disengaged “up” position, the cable should have very
little slack. It should NOT be tight.
2. In a well-ventilated area, start the snow thrower
engine as instructed on the previous page. Make sure
the throttle is set in the FAST position.
3. While standing in the operator’s position (behind the
snow thrower), engage the auger.
4. Allow the auger to remain engaged for approximately
ten (10) seconds before releasing the auger control.
Repeat this several times.
5. With the throttle control in the FAST (rabbit) position
and the auger control in the disengaged “up” position,
walk to the front of the machine.
6. Confirm that the auger has completely stopped
rotating and shows NO signs of motion. If the auger
shows ANY signs of rotating, immediately return to
the operator’s position and shut off the engine. Wait
for ALL moving parts to stop before re-adjusting the
auger control.
7. To readjust the control cable, loosen the upper hex
nut on the auger cable bracket.
8. Position the bracket upward to provide more slack (or
downward to increase cable tension).
9. Retighten the upper hex nut.
10. Repeat Auger Control Test to verify proper adjustment
has been achieved.
2. Squeeze drive control against the right handle and
the snow thrower will move. Release it and the drive
motion will stop.
To Engage Augers
1. To engage augers and start snow throwing, squeeze
the left hand auger control against the left handle.
Release to stop augers.
2. While the auger control is engaged, squeeze the drive
control to move, release to stop. Do not shift speeds
while the drive is engaged.
NOTE: This same lever also locks auger control so you
can turn the chute control without interrupting the snow
throwing process.
3. Release the auger control; the interlock mechanism
should keep the auger control engaged until the drive
control is released.
Figure 12
4. Release the drive control to stop both the augers and
the wheel drive. To stop the auger, both levers must
be released.
13
WARNING
The muffler, engine
and surrounding
areas become hot
and can cause a burn
150°F (65°C). Do not
touch.
When selecting a
Drive Speed, use the
slower speeds until
you are comfortable
and familiar with the
operation of the snow
thrower.
NEVER reposition the
shift lever (change
speeds or direction
of travel) without first
releasing the drive
control and bringing
the snow thrower
to a complete stop.
Doing so will result in
premature wear to the
snow thrower’s drive
system.
5
Shift Cable
If the full range of speeds (forward and reverse) cannot
be achieved, refer to the figure to the left and adjust the
shift cable as follows:
1. Place the shift lever in the fastest forward speed
position.
Making
Adjustments
2. Loosen the hex nut on the shift cable index bracket.
See Figure 13.
3. Pivot the bracket downward to take up slack in the
cable.
4. Retighten the hex nut.
5. Check for correct adjustment before operating the
snow thrower.
Figure 13
WARNING
Read, understand,
and follow all instructions and warnings
on the machine and
in this manual before
operating.
Chute Control
Once a season or every 25 hours of operation, whichever
is earlier, check whether the four-way chute control™
cables have slackened. If the chute does not rotate
fully or its pitch cannot be moved up or down, the chute
control cables will have to be adjusted.
To adjust these cables, proceed as follows:
1. To tighten cable, loosen the top nut and tighten the
bottom nut on the cable.
2. Adjust equally on both sides by working on both
cables. See Figure 14.
Drive Control & Shift Lever
Never attempt to
make any adjustments while the
engine is running,
except where specified in operator’s
manual.
When the drive control is released and in the disengaged
“up” position, the cable should have very little slack. It
should NOT be tight.
Check the adjustment of the drive control as follows:
1. With the drive control released, push the snow thrower
gently forward. The unit should roll freely.
Figure 14
2. Engage the drive control and gently attempt to push
the snow thrower forward. The wheels should not turn.
The unit should not roll freely.
3. With the drive control released, move the shift lever
back and forth between the R2 position and the F6
position several times. There should be no resistance
in the shift lever.
4. If any of the above tests failed, the drive cable is in
need of adjustment. Proceed as follows:
5. Loosen the lower hex nut on the drive cable bracket.
See Figure 15.
6. Position the bracket upward to provide more slack (or
downward to increase cable tension).
7. Retighten the lower hex nut.
Figure 15
You can also check the adjustment as follows:
1. With the snow thrower tipped forward (be certain to
drain gasoline or place plastic film under the gas cap if
the snow thrower has already been operated), remove
the frame cover underneath the snow thrower by
removing the self-tapping screws. Refer to step 2 on
page 17.
14
5
2. With the drive control released, there must be 1/8”
clearance between the friction wheel and the drive
pulley in all positions of the shift lever.
3. With the drive control engaged, the friction wheel must
contact the drive pulley.
4. If adjustment is necessary, loosen the lower hex nut
on the drive cable index bracket and pivot the bracket
upward or downward as necessary. Refer to Figure 15.
Tighten the lower hex nut to secure the bracket when
correct adjustment is reached.
Making
Adjustments
5. Reassemble the frame cover and turn the unit back to
its operating position.
NOTE: If you placed plastic under the gas cap, be certain
to remove it now.
Skid Shoes
The space between this shave plate and the ground can
be adjusted. For close snow removal, place skid shoes in
the low position. Use middle or high position when area to
be cleared is uneven.
1. Adjust skid shoes by loosening the four lock nuts
and carriage bolts and moving skid shoes to desired
position. See Figure 16A or 16B.
Figure 16A - Standard Skid Shoe
2. Make certain the entire bottom surface of skid shoes
are against the ground to avoid uneven wear on the
skid shoes.
3. Tighten nuts and bolts securely.
NOTE: Some models are equipped with reversible skid
shoes and may be turned over to increase their lifespan.
See Figure 16B.
Auger Control
To adjust the auger control, refer to page 13.
Figure 16B - Reversible Skid Shoe
15
IMPORTANT
It is not recommended
that you operate this
snow thrower on gravel
as loose gravel can be
easily picked up and
thrown by the auger
causing personal injury
or damage to the snow
thrower.
If for some reason,
you have to operate
the snow thrower on
gravel, keep the skid
shoe in the highest
position for maximum
clearance between the
ground and the shave
plate.
6
Maintaining
Your Snow
Thrower
Engine
Refer to the separate engine manual packed with your
unit for all engine maintenance.
Lubrication
Gear Shaft
The gear (hex) shaft should be lubricated at least once
a season or after every 25 hours of operation.
1. Remove the lower frame cover by removing the two
screws which secure it.
2. Apply a light coating of an all-weather multi-purpose
grease to the hex shaft. See Figure 17.
Wheels
At least once a season, remove both wheels. Clean and
coat the axles with a multipurpose automotive grease
before reinstalling wheels.
WARNING
Before lubricating,
repairing, or inspecting, disengage all
controls and stop
engine. Wait until all
moving parts have
come to a complete
stop.
Always wear safety
glasses during
operation or while
performing any
adjustments or
repairs.
Avoid oil spillage on
rubber friction wheel
and aluminum drive
plate.
Do not overfill the gear
case. Damage to the
seals could result.
Figure 17
Chute Directional Control
Once a season, the joystick should be lubricated with
petroleum jelly, linseed oil, mineral oil, paraffin wax or
3-in-1 oil.
���������
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Engine
Refer to the separate engine manual packed with your
unit for all engine lubrication instructions.
Auger Shaft
At least once a season, remove the shear pins on auger
shaft. Spray lubricant inside shaft, around the spacers.
Also lubricate the flange bearings found at either end of
the shaft. See Figure 18.
Gear Case
The auger gear case has been filled with grease at
the factory. If disassembled for any reason, lubricate
with two ounces of grease (Part Number 737-0168).
Before reassembling, remove old sealant and apply new
sealant.
Figure 18
NOTE: Do not overfill the gear case. Damage to the
seals could result. Be sure the vent plug is free of
grease in order to relieve pressure.
Drive Mechanism
Remove rear cover. Oil any chains, sprockets, gears,
bearings, shafts, and shifting mechanism at least once
a season. Use engine oil or a spray lubricant. Avoid
getting oil on rubber friction wheel and aluminum drive
plate.
Shave Plate and Skid Shoes
The shave plate and skid shoes on the bottom of the
snow thrower are subject to wear. They should be
checked periodically and replaced when necessary.
To remove skid shoes:
1. Remove the four carriage bolts and hex flange nuts
which secure them to the snow thrower.
2. Reassemble new skid shoes with the four carriage
bolts (two on each side) and hex flange nuts. Refer
to Figure 19.
Figure 19
To remove shave plate:
1. Remove the carriage bolts and hex nuts which attach
it and the skid shoes to the snow thrower housing.
2. Reassemble new shave plate, making sure heads of
carriage bolts are to the inside of housing. Tighten
securely.
16
Auger Belt Replacement
1
To remove and replace your snow thrower’s auger belt,
proceed as follows:
1. Remove the plastic belt cover on the front of the
engine by removing the two self-tapping screws.
NOTE: Drain the gasoline from the snow thrower, or
place a piece of plastic under the gas cap.
2. Carefully pivot the snow thrower up and forward so
that it rests on the auger housing. Remove the frame
cover from the underside of the snow thrower by
removing four self-tapping screws which secure it.
6
Maintaining
Your Snow
Thrower
3. Roll the auger belt off the engine pulley.
4. a. Loosen and remove the shoulder screw which
acts as a belt keeper.
b. Unhook the support bracket spring from the
frame.
5. Remove the belt from around the auger pulley, and
slip the belt between the support bracket and the
auger pulley. Reassemble auger belt by following
instructions in reverse order.
2
NOTE: Do NOT forget to reinstall the shoulder screw
and reconnect the spring to the frame after installing
a replacement auger belt and to remove the piece of
plastic from under the gas cap.
3
4
5
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�
17
NOTE: Although
multi-viscosity oils
(5W30, 10W30 etc.)
improve starting in cold
weather, these multiviscosity oils also result
in higher oil consumption when used above
32ºF (0ºC). Check your
snow thrower’s engine
oil level more frequently
to avoid possible
engine damage from
running low on oil.
NOTE: Do not sandblast spark plug. Spark
plug should be cleaned
by scraping or wire
brushing and washing
with a commercial
solvent.
IMPORTANT
NEVER replace the
auger shear pins with
standard pins. Any
damage to the auger
gearbox or other components, as a result of
doing so, will NOT be
covered by your snow
thrower’s warranty.
6
Augers
• The augers are secured to the spiral shaft with two
shear pins and cotter pins. If the auger should strike a
foreign object or ice jam, the snow thrower is designed
so that the pins may shear. Refer to Figure 18, on
page 16.
1
Maintaining
Your Snow
Thrower
•
If the augers will not turn, check to see if the pins have
sheared. One set of replacement shear pins has been
provided with the snow thrower. When replacing pins,
spray an oil lubricant into shaft before inserting new
pins.
Drive Belt Replacement
To remove and replace your snow thrower’s auger belt,
proceed as follows:
1. Remove the plastic belt cover on the front of the
engine by removing the two self-tapping screws.
• Drain the gasoline from the snow thrower, or place a
piece of plastic under the gas cap.
2
NEVER replace the
auger shear pins with
standard hex pins.
Any damage to the
auger gearbox or
other components
as a result of failing
to do so will NOT be
covered by your snow
thrower’s warranty.
• Carefully pivot the snow thrower up and forward so
that it rests on the auger housing.
2. Remove the frame cover from the underside of the
snow thrower by removing four self-tapping screws
which secure it.
3. a. Grasp the idler pulley and pivot it toward the right.
b. Roll the auger belt off the engine pulley.
c. Lift the drive belt off engine pulley.
4. Slip the drive belt off the pulley and between friction
wheel and friction wheel disc.
• Remove and replace belt in the reverse order.
4
3
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�
�
18
1
Friction Wheel Removal
If the snow thrower fails to drive with the drive control
engaged, and performing the drive control cable adjustment on page 12 fails to correct the problem, the friction
wheel may need to be replaced. Follow the instructions
below. Examine the friction wheel for signs of wear or
cracking and replace if necessary.
• Place the shift lever in third Forward (F3) position.
• Drain the gasoline from the snow thrower, or place a
piece of plastic under the gas cap.
• Carefully pivot the snow thrower up and forward so
that it rests on the auger housing.
2
1. a. Remove the frame cover from the underside of
the snow thrower by removing four self-tapping
screws which secure it.
b. Remove the right-hand wheel by removing the
screw and cupped washer which secure it to the
axle.
2. Carefully remove the hex nut and washer which
secures the hex shaft to the snow thrower frame and
lightly tap the shaft’s end to dislodge the ball bearing
from the right side of the frame.
3. Carefully position the hex shaft downward and to
the left before carefully sliding the friction wheel
assembly off the shaft.
NOTE: If you’re replacing the friction wheel assembly
as a whole, discard the worn part and slide the new part
onto the hex shaft. Follow the steps above in reverse
order to reassemble components. If you’re disassembling the friction wheel and replacing only the rubber
ring, proceed as follows:
6
Maintaining
Your Snow
Thrower
When reassembling
the friction wheel assembly, tighten each
screw only one rotation before turning the
wheel clockwise and
proceeding with the
next screw. Repeat
this process several
times to ensure the
plates are secured
with equal force.
4. Remove the four screws which secure the friction
wheel’s side plates together.
• Remove the rubber ring from between the plates.
• Reassemble the side plates with a new rubber ring.
• Slide the friction wheel assembly back onto the hex
shaft and follow the steps above in reverse order to
reassemble components.
3
4
19
NEVER replace the
auger shear pins with
standard hex pins.
Any damage to the
auger gearbox or
other components
as a result of failing
to do so will NOT be
covered by your snow
thrower’s warranty.
7
Off-Season
Storage
Observe the following, when preparing your snow thrower
for off-season storage:
• Drain fuel into an approved container outdoors, away
from any open flame. Allow engine to cool. Extinguish
cigarettes, cigars, pipes and other sources of ignition
prior to draining fuel. Fuel left in engine during warm
weather deteriorates and will cause serious starting
problems.
• If unit is to be stored over 30 days, prepare for storage
as instructed in the separate engine manual packed
with your unit.
• Run engine until fuel tank is empty and engine stops
due to lack of fuel.
• Remove gasoline from carburetor and fuel tank to
prevent gum deposits from forming on these parts and
causing possible malfunction of engine.
WARNING
Never store snow
thrower with fuel
in tank indoors or
in poorly ventilated
areas, where fuel
fumes may reach an
open flame, spark
or pilot light as on a
furnace, water heater,
clothes dryer or gas
appliance.
• Drain carburetor by pressing upward on bowl drain,
located below the carburetor cover.
• Fuel stabilizers, such as STA-BIL®, are an acceptable
alternative in minimizing the formation of fuel gum
deposits during storage. Do not drain carburetor if
using a fuel stabilizer.
• Wipe equipment with an oiled rag to prevent rust.
• Remove spark plug and pour one ounce of engine oil
through spark plug hole into cylinder. Cover spark plug
hole with rag. Crank engine several times to distribute
oil. Replace spark plug.
• Follow the lubrication recommendations found in the
Maintenance Section.
• Always store the snow thrower in a clean, dry area.
Drain fuel into an
approved container
outdoors, away from
any open flame. Be
certain engine is
cool. Do not smoke.
Fuel left in engine
during warm weather
deteriorates and will
cause serious
starting problems.
Do not drain
carburetor if
using fuel stabilizer.
Never use engine or
carburetor cleaning
products in the fuel
tank or permanent
damage may occur.
20
Problem
Cause
Remedy
1. Choke not in ON position.
1. Move choke to ON position.
2. Spark plug wire disconnected.
2. Connect wire to spark plug.
3. Fuel tank empty or stale fuel.
3. Fill tank with clean, fresh gasoline.
4. Engine not primed.
4. Prime engine as instructed in
“Operating Your Snow Thrower”.
5. Faulty spark plug.
5. Clean, adjust gap, or replace.
6. Blocked fuel line.
6. Clean fuel line.
7. Safety key not in ignition on engine.
7. Insert key fully into the switch.
8. Fuel shut-ff valve closed. (If Equipped)
8. Open fuel shut-off valve.
1. Unit running on CHOKE.
1. Move choke lever to OFF position.
2. Blocked fuel line or stale fuel.
2. Clean fuel line; fill tank with clean,
fresh gasoline.
3. Water or dirt in fuel system.
3. Drain fuel tank. Refill with
fresh fuel.
4. Carburetor out of adjustment.
4. Contact Service Center.
Engine overheats
1. Carburetor not adjusted properly.
1. Contact Service Center.
Excessive
Vibration
1. Loose parts or damaged auger.
1. Stop engine immediately and
disconnect spark plug wire. Tighten
all bolts and nuts. If vibration
continues, have unit serviced by a
Service Center.
1. Spark plug wire loose.
1. Connect and tighten spark plug
wire.
2. Gas cap vent hole plugged.
2. Remove ice and snow from gas
cap. Be certain vent hole is clear.
3. Exhaust port plugged.
3. Contact Service Center.
1. Drive control cable in need of adjustment.
1. Adjust drive control cable. Refer to
“Adjustments”.
2. Drive belt loose or damaged.
2. Replace drive belt.
1. Chute assembly clogged.
1. Stop engine immediately and
disconnect spark plug wire. Clean
chute assembly and inside of auger
housing with clean-out tool or a
stick.
2. Foreign object lodged in auger.
2. Stop engine immediately and
disconnect spark plug wire.
Remove object from auger with
clean-out tool or a stick.
3. Auger control cable in need of adjustment.
3. Refer to “Auger Control Test” .
4. Auger belt loose or damaged.
4. Refer to Maintenance section.
5. Shear pin(s) sheared.
5. Replace with new shear pin(s).
Engine fails to start
Engine runs erratic
Loss of power
Unit fails
to propel itself
Unit fails
to discharge snow
21
8
TroubleShooting
NOTE: This section
addresses minor
service issues. For
further details, contact
customer assistance.
THREE (3) YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY
For three (3) years from the date of original purchase of our products, we will either repair or replace, at
its option, free of charge, F.O.B. Factory or authorized service firm, any part found to be DEFECTIVE IN
MATERIAL and WORKMANSHIP for the original purchaser. all transportation charges on parts submitted
for replacement under this warranty must be paid by the purchaser unless return is requested by the manufacturer.
This warranty DOES NOT apply to any part which has become inoperative through misuse, excessive use,
accident, neglect, improper maintenance or alterations by unauthorized persons.
The limited warranty does not extend to the replacement of parts which are not defective, but where regular
usage has exhausted the life of the part.
ENGINES, ELECTRIC START KITS, PEERLESS TRANSMISSIONS AND PEERLESS TRANSAXLES ARE
WARRANTED BY THEIR RESPECTIVE MANUFACTURER. ALL CLAIMS AGAINST THESE COMPONENTS MUST BE HANDLED THROUGH THE RESPECTIVE MANUFACTURER’S SERVICE DEALERS.
Belts, light bulbs, clutch parts (friction wheels), grass bags, tires, seats, rider deck wheels and cutting
blades are covered by a 60 day limited warranty.
Batteries are covered by a 90 day limited warranty.
Fuses, shear bolts and blade adapters are considered consumable items and as such are not warranted.
NOTE: Regular maintenance replacement parts and related inspections and adjustments are excluded from
coverage when made as part of normal maintenance service.
TRACTOR ATTACHMENT WARRANTY
Mower decks included with your product, or sold separately, as an attachment for your garden tractors will
be warranted according to the above terms of the manufacturer three (3) year limited consumer warranty.
ALL OTHER ATTACHMENTS will be sold under the same condition as above except the warranty will be
ONE YEAR FROM DATE OF ORIGINAL PURCHASE.
PERSONAL USE
THE FOREGOING PARAGRAPHS CONSTITUTE THE MANUFACTURER’S ENTIRE WARRANTY WITH
RESPECT TO ANY PRODUCT PURCHASED AND USED FOR PERSONAL FAMILY, HOUSEHOLD/RESIDENTIAL PURPOSES, AS DISTINGUISHED FROM COMMERCIAL USAGE.
COMMERCIAL USE
ALL APPLICATIONS OTHER THAN PERSONAL USE AS OUTLINED ABOVE, ARE CONSIDERED COMMERCIAL USAGE.
New products purchased for commercial usage are warranted in the same manner and to the same extend
EXCEPT the term of warranty will be 60 DAYS from date of purchase, 90 days if your unit is equipped with
an OHV engine. “
WARRANTY SERVICE CAN ONLY BE PERFORMED BY AN AUTHORIZED SERVICE DEALER. ANY
NON-ORIGINAL EQUIPMENT REPLACEMENT PART USED ON OR IN A PRODUCT UNDER WARRANTY WILL BE EXCLUDED FROM THAT WARRANTY COVERAGE, AS WILL BE ANY RELATED DAMAGED
COMPONENTS RESULTING FROM THE INSTALLATION OF A REPLACEMENT PART FROM ANOTHER
SOURCE OTHER THAN THE MANUFACTURER.
22