BMW K 1200 R - Technical data

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Rider's Manual
K 1200 R
BMW Motorrad
The Ultimate Riding
Machine
Motorcycle data/dealership details
Motorcycle data
Dealership details
Model
Person to contact in Service department
Vehicle identification number
Ms/Mr
Colour code
Phone number
Date of first registration
Registration number
Dealership address/phone number (company stamp)
Details described or illustrated
in this booklet may differ from
the motorcycle's actual specification as purchased, the accessories fitted or the national-market
specification. No claims will be
entertained as a result of such
discrepancies.
Dimensions, weights, fuel consumption and performance data
are quoted to the customary tolerances.
The right to modify designs,
equipment and accessories is
reserved.
Errors and omissions excepted.
© 2007 BMW Motorrad
Not to be reproduced either
wholly or in part without written
permission from BMW Motorrad,
After Sales.
Printed in Germany.
The most important data for a filling-station stop can be found in the following chart:
Fuel
Recommended fuel grade
98 ROZ/RON, Premium plus unleaded
95 ROZ/RON, Premium unleaded
(fuel grade, usable with powerand consumption-related restrictions)
Usable fuel capacity
19 l
Reserve fuel
≥4 l
Tyre pressure
Tyre pressure, front
2.5 bar, one-up, tyre cold
2.5 bar, two-up and/or with luggage, tyre cold
Tyre pressure, rear
2.9 bar, one-up, tyre cold
2.9 bar, two-up and/or with luggage, tyre cold
BMW recommends
Order No. 01 41 7 712 101
07.2007, 4th edition
*01417712101*
*01417712101*
*01417712101*
Welcome to BMW
We congratulate you on your
choice of a motorcycle from
BMW and welcome you to the
community of BMW riders.
Familiarise yourself with your new
motorcycle so that you can ride it
safely and confidently in all traffic
situations.
Please read this Rider's Manual
carefully before starting to use
your new BMW motorcycle. It
contains important information on
how to operate the controls and
how to make the best possible
use of all your BMW's technical
features.
In addition, it contains information
on maintenance and care to help
you maintain your motorcycle's
reliability and safety, as well as its
value.
If you have questions concerning
your motorcycle, your authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer will gladly
provide advice and assistance.
We hope that you will enjoy riding your BMW and that all your
journeys will be pleasant and
safe.
BMW Motorrad.
Table of Contents
You can also consult the index at
the end of this Rider's Manual if
you want to find a particular topic
or item of information.
1 General instructions . . . . . 5
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Abbreviations and symbols . . . . 6
Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Currency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2 General views . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
General view, left side . . . . . . . . 11
General view, right side . . . . . . 13
Underneath the seat . . . . . . . . . 15
Handlebar fitting, left . . . . . . . . . 16
Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . . 17
Instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
3 Status indicators . . . . . . .
Standard status
indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Status indicators with onboard computer OE . . . . . . . . . . .
Status indicators with
tyre-pressure monitoring
(RDC) OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Standard warnings . . . . . . . . . . .
Warnings issued by the onboard computer OE . . . . . . . . . . .
ABS warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASC warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RDC warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Anti-theft alarm
warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21
4 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ignition switch and steering
lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic immobiliser
(EWS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Odometer and tripmeters . . . .
On-board computer OE . . . . . . .
43
22
23
24
24
29
31
33
35
40
44
45
46
47
50
Tyre pressure monitoring
RDC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hazard warning flashers . . . . . .
Emergency off switch (kill
switch) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Grip heating OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic Stability Control
ASC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic Suspension Adjustment ESA OE . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Helmet holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Luggage loops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
53
54
55
56
57
57
58
59
59
60
61
61
62
65
65
66
67
68
5 Riding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . . .
Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parking your motorcycle . . . . .
Refuelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
69
70
72
72
75
76
77
79
6 Engineering details . . . . .
Brake system with BMW Motorrad Integral ABS OE . . . . . . . .
Electronic engine management with BMW Motorrad
ASC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tyre pressure monitoring
RDC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
81
7 Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General instructions . . . . . . . . . .
Power socket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Luggage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Case OA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
89
90
90
91
92
8 Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . .
General instructions . . . . . . . . . .
Toolkit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
97
98
98
99
82
84
86
Brake system, general . . . . . .
Brake pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brake fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front-wheel stand . . . . . . . . . .
Rear-wheel stand . . . . . . . . . .
Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jump starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
101
102
103
105
106
107
107
115
116
118
125
126
9 Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Care products . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Washing motorcycle . . . . . . . .
Cleaning easily damaged
components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paint care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Protective wax coating . . . . .
Laying up motorcycle . . . . . .
Restoring motorcycle to
use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
131
132
132
132
133
134
134
134
10 Technical data . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting chart . . . . . .
Threaded fasteners . . . . . . . .
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear-wheel drive . . . . . . . . . . .
Running gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheels and tyres . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Riding specifications . . . . . . .
135
136
137
139
140
140
141
141
142
142
143
143
146
147
148
148
149
11 Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad service . . . . .
BMW Motorrad service
quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad Service
Card: on-the-spot breakdown assistance . . . . . . . . . . .
151
152
152
152
BMW Motorrad service network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance work . . . . . . . . . .
Confirmation of maintenance work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Confirmation of service . . . . .
153
153
154
159
General instructions
General instructions
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Abbreviations and symbols . . . . . . . . . . . 6
1
5
Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Currency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
General instructions
Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
z
1
General instructions
6
z
Overview
Chapter 2 of this Rider's Manual will provide you with an initial
overview of your motorcycle. All
maintenance and repair work on
the motorcycle is documented in
Chapter 11. This record of the
maintenance work you have had
performed on your motorcycle is
a precondition for generous treatment of goodwill claims.
When the time comes to sell
your BMW, please remember
to hand over this Rider's Manual; it is an important part of the
motorcycle.
Abbreviations and
symbols
Indicates warnings that you
must comply with for reasons of your safety and the safety
of others, and to protect your
motorcycle against damage.
Specific instructions on
how to operate, control, adjust or look after items of equipment on the motorcycle.
Indicates the end of an
item of information.
OE
Optional extra
The motorcycles are assembled complete with
all the BMW optional extras originally ordered.
OA
Optional accessory
You can obtain optional accessories through
your authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer; optional
accessories have to be
retrofitted to the motorcycle.
Instruction.
Result of an activity.
Reference to a page with
more detailed information.
Indicates the end of a
passage relating to specific accessories or items
of equipment.
Tightening torque.
Item of technical data.
EWS Electronic immobiliser
(Elektronische Wegfahrsicherung).
DWA Anti-theft alarm (Diebstahlwarnanlage)
ABS
Anti-lock brake system
ASC
Automatic Stability Control.
Electronic Suspension
Adjustment
Electronic Suspension
Adjustment.
RDC Tyre pressure control
(ReifenDruck-Control)
Equipment
When you ordered your BMW
motorcycle, you chose various
items of custom equipment. This
Rider's Manual describes optional extras (OE) offered by BMW
and selected optional accessories (OA). This explains why the
manual may also contain descriptions of equipment which
you have not ordered. Please
note, too, that your motorcycle
might not be exactly as illustrated in this manual on account
of country-specific differences.
If your BMW was supplied with
equipment not described in
this Rider's Manual, you will
find these features described in
separate manuals.
Technical data
All dimensions, weights and
power ratings stated in the
Rider's Manual are quoted to the
standards and comply with the
tolerance requirements of the
Deutsche Institut für Normung
e.V. Versions for individual
countries may differ.
Currency
The high safety and quality
standards of BMW motorcycles
are maintained by constant
development work on designs,
equipment and accessories.
Because of this, your motorcycle
may differ from the information
supplied in the Rider's Manual.
Nor can BMW Motorrad entirely
rule out errors and omissions.
We hope you will appreciate that
no claims can be entertained on
the basis of the data, illustrations
or descriptions in this manual.
1
7
General instructions
ESA
z
General instructions
1
8
z
General views
General views
General view, left side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
General view, right side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2
9
Handlebar fitting, left . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
General views
Underneath the seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
z
General views
2
10
z
1
2
3
4
5
Clutch-fluid reservoir
( 105)
Adjuster for spring preload,
rear ( 61)
Seat lock (underneath rear
light) ( 66)
Adjuster for damping characteristic, rear suspension
( 62)
Power socket ( 90)
2
11
General views
General view, left side
z
General views
2
12
z
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Engine oil level indicator
( 99)
Fuel filler neck ( 79)
Battery compartment
( 129)
Brake-fluid reservoir, front
( 102)
Type plate (on rear crosstube)
Vehicle identification number (on side panel, front
right)
Brake-fluid reservoir, rear
( 104)
2
13
General views
General view, right side
z
General views
2
14
z
1
2
3
Engine-oil filler neck
( 100)
Toolkit ( 98)
Helmet holder ( 67)
2
15
General views
Underneath the seat
z
2
Handlebar fitting, left
1
16
General views
2
3
z
4
5
6
Operating the odometer
( 47), Operating the onboard computer OE ( 50)
Operating ASC OE ( 58)
Operating the ESA OE
( 62)
Horn
Flashing turn indicators,
left ( 55), Hazard warning flashers ( 56)
High-beam headlight and
headlight flasher ( 54)
1
2
3
4
5
Emergency off switch (kill
switch) ( 57)
Starter button ( 72)
Grip heating OE ( 57)
Flashing turn indicators,
right ( 55), Hazard warning flashers ( 56)
Cancel button, flashing turn
indicators ( 56), Pushbutton, cancel hazard warning
flashers ( 56)
2
17
General views
Handlebar fitting, right
z
2
General views
18
z
Instrument cluster
1
2
3
4
5
6
Speedometer
Rev. counter
Telltale lights ( 22)
Multifunction display
( 22)
Telltale light, anti-theft alarm
(OE) and sensor for instrument lighting
Select readings ( 47)
Reset the tripmeter ( 48)
Set the clock ( 46)
The instrument-cluster
lighting has automatic day
and night switchover.
1
2
3
High-beam headlight
Low-beam headlight
Side light
2
19
General views
Headlight
z
General views
2
20
z
Status indicators
Standard status indicators . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Status indicators with on-board computer OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Status indicators with tyre-pressure
monitoring (RDC) OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Standard warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Warnings issued by the on-board
computer OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
ABS warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
ASC warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
RDC warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Anti-theft alarm warnings OE . . . . . . . . . 40
3
21
Status indicators
Status indicators
z
Standard status
indicators
22
Multifunction display
Status indicators
3
z
Telltale lights
Gear
The gear engaged or N
for neutral appears on the
display.
If no gear is engaged, the
'neutral' telltale light also
lights up.
Coolant temperature
1
2
3
4
5
Clock ( 46)
Gear ( 22)
Coolant temperature
( 22)
Odometer and tripmeters
( 47)
Fuel capacity ( 22)
1
2
3
4
Flashing turn indicators, left
High-beam headlight
Idle
Flashing turn indicators,
right
The horizontal bars below
the temperature symbol
indicate the coolant temperature.
Service-due indicator
Fuel capacity
The horizontal bars below
the fuel-pump symbol indicate the remaining quantity of
fuel.
When the fuel in the tank is
topped up the gauge briefly
shows the original level, before
the reading is updated.
If the next service is due in less
than one month, the date for the
If the motorcycle covers long distances in the course of the year,
under certain circumstances it
might be necessary to have it
serviced at a date in advance
of the forecast due date. If the
countdown distance to the odometer reading at which a service
will be due is less than 1000 km,
the distance is counted down in
steps of 100 km and is shown
briefly after the Pre-Ride Check
completes.
If service is overdue, the date or
the odometer reading is accompanied by the 'General' warning
light showing yellow. The word
"Service" remains permanently
visible.
If the service-due indicator appears more than a
month in advance of the actual
due date or if the word "Service"
does not show permanently even
though a service is overdue, the
date stored in memory in the instrument cluster is incorrect and
must be set. This situation can
occur if the battery was disconnected for a prolonged period of
time.
If you want to have the date set
consult a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer.
3
Status indicators with
on-board computer OE
23
1
Status-indicator panel of
the on-board computer OE
( 50)
Status indicators
next service is shown briefly after
the Pre-Ride Check completes.
Month and year are both shown
as two-digit numbers with a line
as separator, so in this example
the next service is due in March
2007.
z
3
Status indicators
24
z
Status indicators
with tyre-pressure
monitoring (RDC) OE
1
Tyre pressures alternate
with the clock; if the motorcycle is fitted with an onboard computer tyre pressures displayed as an additional set of readings by
the on-board computer. OE
( 53)
Standard warnings
Mode of presentation
Warnings are indicated by the
'General' warning light 1 showing in combination with a warning
word, for example 2 or in combination with one of the warning
symbols 3. The 'General' warning light shows red or yellow, depending on the urgency of the
warning. If two or more warnings occur at the same time, all
the appropriate warning lights
and warning symbols appear, alternating with warning words as
applicable.
The possible warnings are listed
on the next page.
Warnings, overview
3
Meaning
Lights up yellow
EWS ! appears on
the display.
Electronic immobiliser active (
Lights up yellow
FUEL ! appears
Fuel down to reserve (
26)
25
26)
Lights up red
Temperature reading flashes
Coolant temperature too high (
Lights up yellow
Appears on the display
Engine in emergency-operation mode
( 26)
Flashes red
Appears on the display
Insufficient engine oil pressure (
Lights up red
Appears on the display
Insufficient battery charge current
( 27)
Lights up yellow
LAMPR ! appears
Rear light bulb defective (
Lights up yellow
on the display.
LAMPF ! appears
on the display.
Front light bulb defective (
LAMPS ! appears
on the display.
Bulbs defective (
28)
28)
28)
26)
27)
Status indicators
on the display.
z
3
Status indicators
26
z
Electronic immobiliser active
General warning light shows
yellow.
can result if the engine cuts out
unexpectedly.
Do not run the fuel tank dry.
EWS ! appears on the display.
The fuel tank contains no more
than the reserve quantity of fuel.
The key being used is not authorised for starting, or communication between key and engine
electronics is disrupted.
Remove all other vehicle keys
from the same ring as the ignition key.
Use the reserve key.
Have the defective key replaced, preferably by an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Fuel down to reserve
General warning light shows
yellow.
FUEL ! appears on the display.
Lack of fuel can result in
the engine misfiring and
cutting out unexpectedly. Misfiring can damage the catalytic
converter; a hazardous situation
Reserve fuel
≥4 l
Refuelling (
79)
Coolant temperature too high
General warning light shows
red.
The temperature reading
flashes.
Continuing to ride when the
engine is overheated could
result in engine damage.
You must comply with the instructions below.
The coolant temperature is too
high.
If possible, ride in the part-load
range to cool down the engine.
In traffic jams, switch off the
engine, but leave the ignition
switched on so that the radiator fan continues to operate.
If the coolant temperature is
frequently too high, have the
fault rectified as soon as possible by a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer.
Engine in emergencyoperation mode
General warning light shows
yellow.
Engine symbol appears on
the display.
The engine is running in
emergency operating mode.
Engine power might be reduced
and this can cause hazardous
The engine control unit has diagnosed a fault. In exceptional
cases, the engine stops and refuses to start. Otherwise, the engine runs in emergency operating
mode.
You can continue to ride, but
bear in mind that the usual engine power might not be available.
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Insufficient engine oil
pressure
General warning light
flashes red.
Oil-can symbol appears on
the display.
The oil pressure in the lube-oil
system is too low. Stop immediately and switch off the engine if
the warning light shows.
The insufficient oil pressure warning does not fulfil
the function of an oil gauge. The
only way of checking whether the
oil level is correct is to check the
oil level indicator.
A low oil level is one reason why
a warning indicating insufficient
oil pressure is issued.
Check the engine oil level
( 99)
If the oil level is too low:
Top up the engine oil ( 100)
If the engine oil level is correct:
Riding when engine-oil
pressure is low can result
in engine damage.
Do not continue your journey.
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Insufficient battery charge
current
General warning light shows
red.
Battery symbol appears on
the display.
A discharged battery can
cause the engine to die
suddenly, and this could result in
a dangerous situation in traffic.
Have faults rectified as soon as
possible.
3
27
Status indicators
situations, particularly if you attempt to overtake other road
users.
Engine power level might be
lower than normal: adapt your
style of riding accordingly.
z
3
Status indicators
28
z
If the battery is not charging, continuing to ride can
cause it to discharge completely,
in which case it will suffer irreparable damage.
If possible, do not continue your
journey.
Battery is not being charged.
You can continue to ride until
the battery is discharged. Bear
in mind, however, that the engine could cut out suddenly
and that the battery could discharge until completely flat,
in which case it might have
suffered irreparable damage.
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Rear light bulb defective
General warning light shows
yellow.
LAMPR ! appears on the display.
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a
complete set of spare bulbs if
possible.
Rear light or brake light bulb defective.
Replacing brake light and rear
light bulb ( 122)
Front light bulb defective
LAMPF ! appears on the display.
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a
complete set of spare bulbs if
possible.
Low-beam headlight, high-beam
headlight, side-light or turn-indicator bulb defective.
Replacing low-beam and highbeam headlight bulb ( 118)
Replacing parking-light bulb
( 120)
Replacing turn indicator bulbs,
front and rear ( 124)
Bulbs defective
General warning light shows
yellow.
LAMPS ! appears on the display.
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a
complete set of spare bulbs if
possible.
Warnings issued by the
on-board computer OE
Mode of presentation
3
29
Status indicators
A combination of the bulb defects described above has occurred.
See the fault descriptions
above.
z
Warnings issued by the on-board
computer appear in panel 1.
The possible warnings are listed
on the next page.
3
30
Warnings, overview
Meaning
Appears on the display
Engine-oil level too low (
Status indicators
Check Oil ap-
z
pears on the display.
Appears on the display
Ice warning (
31)
31)
Ice warning
Ice-crystal symbol appears
on the display.
Check Oil appears on the
The air temperature measured
at the motorcycle is lower than
3 °C.
display.
The electronic oil-level sensor
has registered an excessively low
oil level.
Checking the oil sight glass is
the only way of ascertaining the
exact engine-oil level. The next
time you stop for fuel:
Check the engine oil level
( 99)
If the oil level is too low:
Top up the engine oil ( 100)
The oil sensor might be defective
if the "Check oil level" message
appears even though a check of
the oil sight glass shows that the
oil level is correct.
Seek the advice of a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
The ice warning does not
mean that there is no risk
of black ice forming at measured
temperatures above 3 °C.
Always take extra care and think
well ahead when temperatures
are low; remember that the
danger of black ice is particularly
high on bridges and where the
road is in the shade.
Ride carefully and think well
ahead.
ABS warnings OE
Mode of presentation
3
31
ABS warnings are indicated by
ABS warning light 1.
The way in which the ABS warning light indicates status can differ in some countries.
Possible national variant.
The detailed descriptions relating
to BMW Motorrad Integral ABS
start on page ( 82), and you
will find an overview listing the
possible warnings on the next
page.
Status indicators
Engine-oil level too low
Oil-level symbol appears on
the display.
z
3
Status indicators
32
z
Warnings, overview
Meaning
Flashes
ABS self-diagnosis not completed
( 33)
Lights up
ABS fault (
33)
The ABS function is not
available, because selfdiagnosis did not complete. The
motorcycle has to move forward
a few metres for the wheel
sensors to be tested.
Pull away slowly. Bear in mind
that the ABS function is not
available until self-diagnosis has
completed.
in mind the more detailed information on situations that can
lead to an ABS fault ( 83).
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
ASC warnings OE
Mode of presentation
3
33
z
ABS fault
ABS warning light shows.
The ABS control unit has detected a fault. The ABS function is
not available.
You can continue to ride the
motorcycle, but make due provision for the fact that the ABS
function is not available. Bear
The detailed descriptions relating
to BMW Motorrad ASC start on
page ( 84), and you will find
an overview listing the possible
warnings on the next page.
Status indicators
ABS self-diagnosis not
completed
ABS warning light flashes.
ASC warnings are indicated by a
combination of the ASC warning
symbol 2 and 'General' warning
light 1.
Warnings, overview
34
Quick-flashes yellow
Status indicators
3
z
Meaning
Lights up yellow
Appears on the display
ASC intervention (
Flashes
Self-diagnosis not completed (
Appears on the display
ASC switched off (
Appears on the display
ASC fault (
35)
35)
35)
35)
ASC symbol appears on
the display.
The ASC has detected a degree
of instability at the rear wheel
and has intervened to reduce
torque. The warning light flashes
for longer than ASC intervention
lasts. This affords the rider visual
feedback on control intervention
even after the critical situation
has been dealt with.
Self-diagnosis not completed
ASC symbol flashes.
Self-diagnosis did not complete,
so the ASC function is not available. The engine must be running and the motorcycle must
reach a speed of at least 5 km/h
in order for ASC self-diagnosis to
complete.
Pull away slowly. Bear in mind
that the ASC function is not
available until self-diagnosis has
completed.
ASC switched off
ASC symbol appears on
the display.
The rider has switched off the
ASC system.
with OE Automatic Stability
Control (ASC):
Activate the ASC function
( 58)
is not available. Bear in mind
the more detailed information
on situations that can lead to
an ASC fault ( 85).
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
RDC warnings OE
Mode of presentation
35
z
ASC fault
General warning light shows
yellow.
ASC symbol appears on
the display.
The ASC control unit has detected a fault. The ASC function is
not available.
You can continue to ride. Bear
in mind that the ASC function
3
Status indicators
ASC intervention
General warning light quickflashes yellow.
Warning symbol 2 indicates a
critical tyre pressure, and the corresponding reading for the front
3
Status indicators
36
z
tyre pressure 3 or the rear tyre
pressure 4 flashes.
If the critical value is close to the
limit of the permissible tolerance
range, 'General' warning light 1
shows yellow. If the tyre pressure registered by the sensor is
outside the permissible tolerance
range, the 'General' warning light
flashes red.
The detailed descriptions relating
to BMW Motorrad RDC start on
page ( 86), and you will find
an overview listing the possible
warnings on the next page.
Warnings, overview
3
Meaning
Lights up yellow
Tyre pressure close to limit of permitted
tolerance ( 38)
37
Flashes red
Tyre pressure outside permitted tolerance ( 38)
the critical tyre
pressure flashes.
"--" or "-- --"
appears on the display
Lights up yellow
Signal transmission disrupted (
38)
Sensor defective or system error
( 39)
"--" or "-- --"
appears on the display
Lights up yellow
RDC! appears on
the display.
Battery of tyre-pressure sensor weak
( 39)
Status indicators
the critical tyre
pressure flashes.
z
3
38
Tyre pressure close to limit
of permitted tolerance
General warning light shows
yellow.
Status indicators
Tyre symbol appears on
the display.
z
The critical tyre pressure flashes.
Measured tyre pressure is close
to the limit of permitted tolerance.
Correct the tyre pressure as
stated on the inside cover of
the Rider's Manual.
The tyre-pressures listed
on the inside cover are
temperature-compensated; the
reference tyre temperature for
these readings is always 20 °C.
The procedure for correcting tyre
pressures when the tyres are not
at this reference temperature is
as follows:
Calculate the difference between
the specified value stated in the
Rider's Manual and the reading
shown by the RDC system. Use
the public air line at a petrol station or motorway service area to
adjust the tyre pressure by this
amount.
Tyre pressure outside
permitted tolerance
General warning light
flashes red.
Tyre symbol appears on
the display.
The critical tyre pressure flashes.
Measured tyre pressure is outside permitted tolerance.
Check the tyre for damage and
to ascertain whether the motorcycle can be ridden with the
tyre in its present condition.
If the motorcycle can be ridden
with the tyre in its present condition:
Incorrect tyre pressures impair the motorcycle's handling characteristics.
If tyre pressure is incorrect it is
essential to adapt your style of
riding accordingly.
Correct the tyre pressure at the
earliest possible opportunity.
Have the tyre checked for
damage by a specialist
workshop, preferably an
authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
If you are unsure whether the
motorcycle can be ridden with
the tyre in its present condition:
Do not continue your journey.
Notify the breakdown service.
Have the tyre checked for
damage by a specialist
workshop, preferably an
authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Signal transmission
disrupted
"--" or "-- --" appears on
the display.
Wireless communication with the
RDC sensors has been disrupted.
Possible causes include radiocommunication systems operating in the vicinity and interfering
with the link between the RDC
control unit and the sensors.
Move to another location and
observe the RDC readings. Assume that a permanent fault
has not occurred unless the
'General' warning light comes
on to accompany the symptoms. Under these circumstances:
Have the fault rectified by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Sensor defective or system
error
General warning light shows
yellow.
Tyre symbol appears on
the display.
"--" or "-the display.
--" appears on
Motorcycle is fitted with wheels
not equipped with RDC sensors.
Fit wheels and tyres equipped
with RDC sensors.
One or two RDC sensors have
failed.
Have the fault rectified by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
A system error has occurred.
Have the fault rectified by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Battery of tyre-pressure
sensor weak
General warning light shows
yellow.
RDC! appears on the display.
This error message appears
only briefly after the preride check completes.
3
39
Status indicators
The motorcycle has not yet accelerated past the threshold of
approximately 30 km/h. The
RDC sensors do not start transmitting signals until the motorcycle reaches a speed above this
threshold ( 86).
Increase speed above this
threshold and observe the RDC
readings. Assume that a permanent fault has not occurred
unless the 'General' warning
light comes on to accompany
the symptoms. Under these
circumstances:
Have the fault rectified by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
z
3
Status indicators
40
z
The integral battery in the tyrepressure sensor has lost a significant proportion of its original
capacity. There is no assurance
of how long the tyre pressure
control system can remain operational.
Seek the advice of a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Anti-theft alarm
warnings OE
Mode of presentation
Anti-theft alarm warnings appear
as plain-text warnings 2 in combination with the 'General' warning light 1 showing after the PreRide Check and relate to the capacity of the internal battery that
supplies power to the anti-theft
alarm.
The possible warnings are listed
on the next page.
Warnings, overview
3
Meaning
Anti-theft alarm battery weak (
DWA ! appears on
the display.
Anti-theft alarm battery flat (
42)
41
42)
Status indicators
Lights up yellow
DWALO ! appears
on the display.
z
3
Status indicators
42
z
Anti-theft alarm battery weak
DWALO ! appears on the display.
This error message appears
only briefly after the preride check completes.
The integral battery in the antitheft alarm has lost a significant
proportion of its original capacity. There is no assurance of
how long the anti-theft alarm can
remain operational if the motorcycle's battery is disconnected.
Seek the advice of a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Anti-theft alarm battery flat
General warning light shows
yellow.
DWA ! appears on the display.
This error message appears
only briefly after the preride check completes.
The integral battery in the antitheft alarm has lost its entire original capacity. There is no assurance that the anti-theft alarm will
be operational if the motorcycle's
battery is disconnected.
Seek the advice of a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Operation
Ignition switch and steering lock . . . . . 44
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Electronic immobiliser (EWS) . . . . . . . . 45
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Odometer and tripmeters . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
On-board
computer OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
50
Tyre pressure monitoring
RDC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Electronic Suspension Adjustment
ESA OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Hazard warning flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Helmet holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Emergency off switch (kill switch) . . . . 57
Luggage loops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Grip heating OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Automatic Stability Control
ASC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
4
43
Operation
Operation
z
Ignition switch and
steering lock
44
Keys
Operation
4
z
You receive one master key and
one spare key. Please consult
the information on the electronic
immobiliser (EWS) if a key is lost
or mislaid ( 45).
Ignition switch and steering lock,
tank filler cap lock and seat lock
are all operated with the same
key.
with OA Case:
If you wish you can arrange to
have the cases fitted with locks
that can be opened with this
key as well. Consult a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Switching on ignition
with OE Automatic Stability
Control (ASC):
Turn the key to position 1.
ASC self-diagnosis is
performed in addition to
the checks outlined above.
( 74)
Switching off ignition
Turn the key to position 1.
Side light and all function circuits switched on.
Engine can be started.
Pre-ride check is performed.
( 73)
with OE BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS:
Turn the key to position 1.
ABS self-diagnosis is
performed in addition to
the checks outlined above.
( 74)
Turn the key to position 2.
Lights switched off.
Handlebars not locked.
Key can be removed.
Electrically powered accessories remain operational for a limited period of time.
Locking handlebars
Turn the handlebars to the full
left or right lock position.
Turn the key to position 3,
while moving the handlebars
slightly.
Ignition, lights and all function
circuits switched off.
Handlebars locked.
Key can be removed.
Electronic immobiliser
(EWS)
If the motorcycle is on the
side stand, the surface of
the ground will determine whether it is better to turn the handlebars to the left or right. However,
the motorcycle is more stable on
a level surface with the handlebars turned to the left than with
the handlebars turned to the
right.
On level ground, always turn the
handlebars to the left to set the
steering lock.
Protection against theft
The electronic immobiliser helps
protect your BMW motorcycle
from theft, and this enhanced security is at your disposal without
any need for you to set parameters or activate additional systems.
The engine of a motorcycle fitted with this electronic immobiliser can be started only with the
keys that belong to the vehicle.
You can also have your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer bar
individual keys, for example if a
particular key goes missing. The
engine cannot be started with a
key that has been barred.
4
45
In-key electronics
The motorcycle's electronics
exchange certain continuously
changing signals with the electronics in the key; these signals
are specific to your motorcycle
and they are transmitted via the
ring aerial in the ignition lock.
The ignition is not enabled for
starting until the key has been
recognised as "authorised" for
your motorcycle.
A spare key attached to
the same ring as the ignition key used to start the engine could "irritate" the electronics, in which case the enabling
signal for starting is not issued.
The EWS warning appears in the
multifunction display.
Operation
The battery can be recharged
via the on-board socket.
z
Always keep the spare key separately from the ignition key.
46
Replacement and extra
keys
Operation
4
z
You can obtain replacement/extra
keys only through an authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer. The keys
are part of an integrated security system, so the dealer is under an obligation to check the
legitimacy of all applications for
replacement/extra keys. If you
want to have a lost key barred,
you have to bring with you all
the other keys that belong to
the motorcycle. A key that has
been barred can subsequently be
cleared and reactivated for use.
Clock
Setting clock
Attempting to set the clock
while riding the motorcycle
can lead to accidents.
Set the clock only when the motorcycle is stationary.
Switch on the ignition.
Alternatively, repeatedly press
button 2 until the total distance
covered reading appears on
the display.
Repeatedly press button 1 until
the odometer reading appears
on the display.
The clock is now set and the
time appears on the display.
with OE On-board computer
or with OE Tyre-pressure
monitoring (RDC):
Odometer and
tripmeters
4
47
Switch on the ignition.
Repeatedly press button 2 until
the clock appears on the display.
In this case, the button in
the instrument cluster operates only the tripmeters.
Hold down the button.
Hours reading 3 flashes.
Press the button.
The hours reading increments
by one each time you press
the button.
Hold down the button.
Minutes reading 4 flashes.
Press the button.
The minutes reading increments by one each time you
press the button.
Either press and hold down the
button or wait without pressing
a button.
Operation
Selecting readings
z
Press button 1.
Total distance covered
Tripmeter 1 (Trip I)
Tripmeter 2 (Trip II)
Residual range (once fuel level
is down to reserve)
4
Operation
48
Resetting tripmeter
Switch on the ignition.
Select the desired tripmeter.
with OE On-board computer
or with OE Tyre-pressure
monitoring (RDC):
If you prefer, you can use button 2 for this purpose.
z
Press and hold down button 1.
Press button 1.
The display starts with the current value and each time the button is pressed it moves one step
through the following sequence:
In this case, the button
on the handlebar fitting
is for operating the on-board
computer or calling up the RDC
readings.
If you prefer, you can use button 2 for this purpose.
The tripmeter is reset to zero.
Press and hold down button 2.
In this case, the button
on the handlebar fitting
is for operating the on-board
computer or calling up the RDC
readings.
Residual range
4
49
Residual-range reading appears
accompanied by the word
RANGE and indicates how
far you can ride with the fuel
remaining in the tank. This
reading is not displayed until fuel
level has dropped to reserve.
This distance is calculated on the
basis of fuel level and average
consumption.
When you refuel, the increase in
fuel level is not registered unless
several litres are added to the
fuel already in the tank.
When refuelling after running on
reserve, make sure that you top
Operation
with OE On-board computer
or with OE Tyre-pressure
monitoring (RDC):
z
4
Operation
50
z
up the tank to a level above reserve, as otherwise the sensor
will not be able to register the
new level. If the sensor cannot
register the new level neither
the fuel-level reading nor the
residual-range readout can be
updated.
The calculated range is an
approximate value. Consequently, BMW Motorrad recommends that you should not
try to use the full residual range
before refuelling.
Average speed
Average consumption
Range
Oil level
Tyre pressures (OE)
Ambient temperature
Press button 1.
On-board computer OE
Selecting readings
Switch on the ignition.
The display starts with the current value and each time the button is pressed it moves one step
through the following sequence:
Ambient temperature
When the motorcycle is at a
standstill the heat of the engine
can falsify ambient-temperature
reading 1. If the effect of the engine's heat becomes excessive,
-- temporarily appears on the
display.
Resetting average speed
Average consumption
Switch on the ignition.
Select average speed.
Average speed
Press and hold down button 1.
Average speed is reset to zero.
51
Average consumption 1 is calculated by dividing the distance
covered since the last reset by
the corresponding amount of fuel
used.
Resetting average
consumption
Average speed 1 is calculated
on the basis of the time elapsed
since the last reset. Times
during which the engine was
stopped are excluded from the
calculation.
4
Switch on the ignition.
Select average consumption.
Operation
If ambient temperature
drops below 3 °C a warning appears, drawing your attention to the risk of black ice forming. The display automatically
switches from any other mode
to the temperature reading when
the temperature drops below this
threshold for the first time.
z
Range
4
Operation
52
z
Press and hold down button 1.
Average consumption is reset
to zero.
The description of the residualrange function ( 49) also covers the range readout. You can
also view range 1 before the fuel
level drops to reserve. A special
average-consumption figure is
used to calculate range; this figure is not necessarily the same
as the value you can call up for
viewing on the display.
When the motorcycle is propped
on its side stand the slight angle
of inclination means that the
sensor cannot register the fuel
level correctly. This is the reason
why the range is calculated only
when the motorcycle is on the
move.
When refuelling after running on
reserve, make sure that you top
up the tank to a level above reserve, as otherwise the sensor
will not be able to register the
new level. If the sensor cannot
register the new level neither the
fuel-level reading nor the range
readout can be updated.
The calculated range is only
an approximate reading.
Consequently, BMW Motorrad
recommends that you should not
try to use the full range before
refuelling.
Oil-level indicator 1 gives you
an indication of the engine oil
level. You can call up this reading only when the motorcycle is
at a standstill.
The preconditions for the oil level
check are as follows:
Engine at operating temperature.
Engine idling for at least 10
seconds.
Side stand retracted.
Make sure the motorcycle is
upright.
The readings mean:
OK: Oil level is correct.
CHECK: Check the oil level the
next time you stop for fuel.
---: Oil level cannot be measured (conditions as stated above
not satisfied).
Tyre pressure
monitoring RDC OE
4
Viewing tyre-pressure
readings
53
Switch on the ignition.
Operation
Oil level
If you call up another reading on the on-board computer, this symbol remains visible
until the sensor again registers a
correct oil level.
The most recently measured
level is displayed for 5 seconds
when you next switch on the ignition.
The oil sensor might be
defective if the "Check oil
level" message reappears even
though the oil level shown by the
oil tank's level indicator is correct.
In this case, consult your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
z
Repeatedly press button 1 until
the tyre pressures appear on
the display.
Lights
54
The side lights switch on automatically when the ignition is
switched on.
Operation
4
z
High-beam headlight
Side light
The tyre pressures are shown,
accompanied by the wording
RDC P. The front tyre pressure
is on the left; the reading on the
right is the rear tyre pressure.
-- -- appears directly after the
ignition is switched on, because
the sensors do not transmit tyre
pressures until the motorcycle
accelerates to 30 km/h.
The readings alternate with the
clock.
If the motorcycle has an onboard computer the readings alternate with the clock and the
values of the on-board computer.
The side lights place
a strain on the battery.
Do not switch the ignition
on for longer than absolutely
necessary.
Low-beam headlight
The low-beam headlight switches
on automatically when you start
the engine.
When the engine is not
running you can switch on
the lights by switching on the ignition and either switching on the
high-beam headlight or operating
the headlight flasher.
Press the top section of fullbeam headlight switch 1.
High-beam headlight switched
on.
Move full-beam headlight
switch 1 to the centre position.
High-beam headlight switched
off.
Press the bottom section of
full-beam headlight switch 1.
The high-beam headlight is
switched on until you release
the button (headlight flasher).
Switch off the ignition.
Turn indicators
Switching on left flashing
turn indicators
Switch on the ignition.
The turn indicators are cancelled automatically after
you have ridden for approximately 10 seconds, or covered a
distance of about 200 m.
Switching on right
flashing turn indicators
Switch on the ignition.
The turn indicators are cancelled automatically after
you have ridden for approximately 10 seconds, or covered a
distance of about 200 m.
4
55
Operation
Switching on parking
lights
z
Immediately after switching
off the ignition, press and hold
down button 1 for the left turn
indicators.
Parking light switches on.
Switching off parking
lights
Switch the ignition on and then
off again.
Parking lights switched off.
Press button 1 for the lefthand turn indicators.
Left-hand turn indicators
switched on.
Telltale light for left-hand turn
indicators flashes.
Press button 2 for the righthand turn indicators.
Right-hand turn indicators
switched on.
Telltale light for right-hand turn
indicators flashes.
4
Cancelling turn indicators
Operation
56
z
Press cancel button 3.
Flashing turn indicators
switched off.
Turn indicator telltale lights are
off.
warning flashers for longer than
absolutely necessary.
If you press a turn-indicator button with the ignition
switched on, the turn-indicator
function is activated instead of
the hazard warning flashers, and
remains active until you release
the button. The hazard warning
flashers recommence flashing as
soon as the button is released.
The hazard warning flashers
are switched on.
Left and right turn indicator
telltale lights flash.
Switch off the ignition.
The hazard warning flashers
continue to operate.
Left/right turn indicator telltale
lights off.
Switching off hazard
warning flashers
Hazard warning
flashers
Switching on hazard
warning flashers
Switch on the ignition.
The hazard warning flashers place a strain on the
battery. Do not use the hazard
Simultaneously press button 1
for left turn indicators and button 2 for right turn indicators.
Press cancel button 3.
Hazard warning flashers
switched off.
Grip heating OE
Emergency off switch
(kill switch)
4
A
1
Emergency off switch (kill
switch)
Operating the kill switch
when riding can cause
the rear wheel to lock and thus
cause a fall.
Do not operate the kill switch
when riding.
The emergency off switch is a
kill switch for switching off the
engine quickly and easily.
B
Normal operating position
(run)
Engine switched off.
You cannot start the engine
unless the kill switch is in
the run position.
1
Grip-heating switch
The handlebar grips have twostage heating. Grip heating can
be activated only when the engine is running.
The increase in power consumption caused by the
grip heating can drain the battery if you are riding at low engine speeds. If the charge level
is low, grip heating is switched
off to ensure the battery's starting capability.
Operation
57
z
Activating ASC function
4
Operation
58
z
2
3
4
Heating off.
50 % heat output (one dot
visible)
100 % heat output (three
dots visible)
Automatic Stability
Control ASC OE
Deactivating ASC function
Switch on the ignition.
You have the option of deactivating the ASC function
while the motorcycle is on the
move.
Press and hold down ASC button 1.
ASC symbol shows constantly.
Release the ASC button within
three seconds.
ASC symbol continues to
show.
The ASC function is deactivated.
Press and hold down ASC button 1.
ASC symbol no longer
shows; if self-diagnosis has
not completed the ASC warning
light starts flashing.
Release the ASC button within
three seconds.
The ASC symbol remains
off or continues to flash.
The ASC function is activated.
Instead of pressing the ASC
button, you have the option of
Adjusting handbrake lever
An ASC fault has occurred
if the ASC warning light
shows when the motorcycle accelerates to a speed in excess
of 10 km/h after the ignition was
switched off and then on again.
Clutch
Adjusting clutch lever
If the position of the clutch
fluid reservoir is changed,
air can enter the clutch system.
Do not twist the handlebar fitting
or the handlebars.
Attempting to adjust the
clutch lever while riding the
motorcycle can lead to accidents.
Do not attempt to adjust the
clutch lever unless the motorcycle is at a standstill.
Changing the position of
the brake-fluid reservoir can
allow air to penetrate the brake
system.
Do not twist the handlebar fitting
or the handlebars.
Turn adjusting screw 1 clockwise.
The adjusting screw is
indexed and is easier to
turn if you push the clutch lever
forward.
Span between handlebar grip
and clutch lever increases.
Turn adjusting screw 1
counter-clockwise.
Span between handlebar grip
and clutch lever decreases.
Attempting to adjust the
brake lever while riding the
motorcycle can lead to accidents.
Do not attempt to adjust the
brake lever unless the motorcycle
is at a standstill.
4
59
Operation
Brakes
switching the ignition off and
then on again.
z
Mirrors
4
Adjusting mirror arm
Adjusting mirrors
Operation
60
z
Turn adjusting screw 1 clockwise.
The adjusting screw is indexed and is easier to turn
if you push the handbrake lever
forward.
Span between handlebar grip
and handbrake lever increases.
Turn adjusting screw 1
counter-clockwise.
Span between handlebar grip
and handlebar lever decreases.
Turn the mirror to the correct
position.
Push the protective cap up
over the threaded fastener on
the mirror arm.
Slacken nut 1 (left-hand
thread).
Turn the mirror arm to the appropriate position.
Tighten nut 1 to the specified
tightening torque, while holding
the mirror arm to ensure that it
does not move out of position.
Mirror to clamping piece
22 Nm
If you want to reduce spring
preload, turn knob 1 in the direction indicated by the LOW
arrow.
Push the protective cap over
the threaded fastener.
Spring preload
Setting
Adjusting spring preload
for rear wheel
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
61
Basic setting of spring
preload, rear
Your motorcycle's handling will suffer if you do not
match the spring-preload and
damping-characteristic settings.
Adjust the damping characteristic
to suit spring preload.
Adjusting spring preload
while the motorcycle is being ridden can lead to accidents.
Do not attempt to adjust spring
preload unless the motorcycle is
at a standstill.
If you want to increase spring
preload, turn knob 1 in the direction indicated by the HIGH
arrow.
Turn the knob as far as it will
go in the direction indicated
by the LOW arrow and then
turn it back 13 clicks in the
direction indicated by the
HIGH arrow. (Full load of
fuel, with rider 85 kg)
Damping
Setting
Damping must be adapted to
suit spring preload. An increase
in spring preload requires firmer
damping, a reduction in spring
preload requires softer damping.
Operation
It is essential to set spring preload of the rear suspension to
suit the load carried by the motorcycle. Increase spring preload
when the motorcycle is heavily
loaded and reduce spring preload
accordingly when the motorcycle
is lightly loaded.
4
z
4
Basic setting of rear-suspension damping characteristic
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Operation
62
Adjusting damping for
rear wheel
z
Adjust the rear shock absorber,
using the tool from the onboard toolkit to turn adjusting
screw 1.
If you want a harder damping
characteristic, turn the adjusting screw in the direction indicated by the H arrow.
If you want a softer damping
characteristic, turn the adjusting screw in the direction indicated by the S arrow.
Turn the adjusting screw as
far as it will go in the direction indicated by the H
arrow and then turn it back
one and a half turns in the
direction indicated by the S
arrow. (One-up 85 kg)
Electronic Suspension
Adjustment ESA OE
Settings
Electronic Suspension Adjustment ESA provides a convenient
way of adapting the motorcycle
to the load it carries and the surface over which you intend riding.
Adjuster, spring preload
The ESA control unit is protected
by an overload cutout designed
to stop the spring-preload adjustment process if current consumption reaches an unaccept-
current consumption drops below the defined threshold, for
example when the above-mentioned measures are adopted.
4
63
Calling up settings
Switch on the ignition.
Operation
The damping characteristic is
shown in panel 1 of the multifunction display, and spring preload in panel 2. The odometer
readings are not shown while
the ESA readout is active. Three
spring preload settings can each
be combined with three damping
characteristics to fine-tune the
motorcycle's suspension.
ably high level. Please note that
a combination of low ambient
temperature and a high payload
tends to increase the possibility
of elevated current consumption,
and under these circumstances
adjustment might be interrupted
by the overload cutout.
If the motorcycle is to be used
for two-up riding and ambient
temperature is below 0 °C, BMW
Motorrad recommends adjusting
the suspension to the setting for
two-up riding and allowing adjustment to complete before your
passenger mounts the motorcycle. Similarly, BMW Motorrad
recommends relieving the weight
on the motorcycle when you are
going to adjust over a long range
of travel (adjusting from "one-up"
to "two-up with luggage").
The ESA indicator continues to
flash until adjustment completes.
If adjustment is interrupted the
process resumes as soon as
z
Press button 1.
The current setting is
displayed.
The reading remains visible for
a few seconds before disappearing automatically.
4
Adjusting suspension
damping
64
Switch on the ignition.
You can adjust the damping characteristic while the
motorcycle is on the move.
COMF:
Comfortable damping
characteristic
NORM: Normal damping characteristic
SPORT: Sporty damping
characteristic
Operation
The setting shown on the display is automatically accepted
as the damping characteristic
if you allow a certain length of
time to pass without making
further changes.
z
Adjusting spring preload
Start the engine.
Press button 1.
The current setting is
displayed.
Press button 1 once at each
step.
The display field starts at the
current status and cycles through
the following sequence:
You cannot adjust spring
preload while the motorcycle is on the move.
Press button 1.
The current setting is
displayed.
Press and hold down button 1
until the reading changes.
The display field starts at the
current status and cycles through
the following sequence:
One-up
One-up with luggage
Two-up (with luggage)
Tyres
Checking tyre pressure
At high road speeds, tyre
valves have a tendency to
open as a result of centrifugal
force.
Fit metal valve caps with rubber
seals and screw them on firmly
to prevent sudden deflation.
Check that tyre pressures are
correct as per the data below.
Tyre pressure, front
2.5 bar (one-up, tyre cold)
2.5 bar (two-up and/or with
luggage, tyre cold)
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Tyre pressure, rear
Incorrect tyre pressures impair the motorcycle's handling characteristics and increase
the rate of tyre wear.
Always check that the tyre pressures are correct.
2.9 bar (one-up, tyre cold)
2.9 bar (two-up and/or with
luggage, tyre cold)
If tyre pressure is too low:
Correct tyre pressure.
4
Headlight
65
Adjusting headlight for
driving on left/driving on
right
If the motorcycle is ridden in a
country where the opposite rule
of the road applies, its asymmetric low-beam headlight will tend
to dazzle oncoming traffic.
Have the headlight set accordingly by a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer.
Commercially available adhesive tape will damage the
plastic lens of the light.
Consult a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer, in order to avoid
damaging the plastic lens of the
light.
Operation
The settings shown on the
display are automatically accepted as the spring preload
and, if applicable, the damping characteristic if you allow a
certain length of time to pass
without pressing making further
changes. The reading flashes
while spring preload adjustment
is in progress.
Wait until adjustment completes (reading stops flashing)
before pulling away.
z
Headlight beam throw and
spring preload
66
Headlight beam throw is kept
constant when spring preload is
adjusted to suit load.
Operation
4
z
Consult a specialist workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer, if you are unsure whether
the headlight basic setting is
correct.
Turn the key counter-clockwise
in the seat lock.
Seat
Removing seat
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Lift the rear of the seat.
The seat can be damaged
at the edges if it is placed
on a rough surface.
Lay the seat upholstered side
down on a smooth, clean surface, such as the fuel tank.
Release the key and pull the
seat back out of its holder.
Press the seat down at the
same time.
Installing seat
4
If too much pressure is applied in the forward direction, there is a danger that the
motorcycle will be pushed off its
stand.
Always make sure that the
motorcycle is stable and firmly
supported.
Push the seat forward into
holders 1.
Push down firmly on the seat,
applying pressure to the point
above the latch.
The seat engages with an audible click.
Use the wire rope available as
an optional accessory to secure
the helmet to helmet holder 1.
Helmet holder
Securing helmet to
motorcycle
Remove the seat (
66)
The helmet catch can
scratch the panelling.
Make sure the lock is out of the
Operation
67
z
way when you hook the helmet
into position.
68
On the right-hand side of
the motorcycle, the helmet
could be damaged by heat from
the end silencer.
Attach the helmet on the lefthand side of the motorcycle
only.
Operation
4
z
Pass the steel cable through
the helmet and push it onto
the helmet holder.
Install the seat ( 67)
Luggage loops
Luggage loops
underneath seat
Loops 1 for attaching luggage
straps are located on the underside of the seat.
Using luggage loops
Remove the seat ( 66)
Turn the seat upside down.
Pull loops 1 out of holders 2.
You can hook luggage straps
into the loops.
Install the seat ( 67)
Riding
Riding
Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
5
69
Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Parking your motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Refuelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Riding
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
z
Safety instructions
70
Do not ride without the correct
clothing. Always wear:
Helmet
Motorcycling jacket and
trousers
Gloves
Boots
Riding
5
z
Rider's equipment
Settings of the spring-strut and
shock-absorber system
Imbalanced load
Loose clothing
Insufficient tyre pressure
Poor tyre tread
Etc.
Correct loading
Do not ride your motorcycle after
consuming alcohol, drugs and/or
medication.
Risk of poisoning
Exhaust fumes contain carbon
monoxide, which is colourless
and odourless but highly toxic.
This applies even to short journeys, and to every season of the
year. Your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer will be glad to advise you on the correct clothing
for every purpose.
Overloading and imbalanced loads can adversely
affect the motorcycle's handling.
Do not exceed the permissible
gross weight and be sure to
comply with the instructions on
loading.
Inhaling the exhaust fumes
therefore represents a
health hazard and can even
cause loss of consciousness with
fatal consequences.
Do not inhale exhaust fumes.
Do not run the engine in an enclosed space.
Speed
Alcohol and drugs
High voltage
If you ride at high speed, always
bear in mind that various boundary conditions can adversely affect the handling of your motorcycle:
Even small amounts of
alcohol or drugs will adversely affect your perception
and your ability to assess situations and make decisions, and
slow down your reflexes. Medication can exacerbate these effects.
Touching live parts of the
ignition system with the
engine running can cause electric
shock.
Do not touch parts of the ignition system when the engine is
running.
Risk of fire
If misfiring causes unburned fuel
to enter the catalytic converter,
there is a danger of overheating
and damage.
For this reason, observe the following points:
Do not run the fuel tank dry.
Do not attempt to start or run
the engine with a spark-plug
cap disconnected.
Stop the engine immediately if
it misfires.
Use only unleaded fuel.
Comply with all specified maintenance intervals.
Temperatures at the exhaust are
high.
Unburned fuel will destroy
the catalytic converter.
Note the points listed for protection of the catalytic converter.
Flammable materials (e.g.
hay, leaves, grass, clothing
and luggage, etc.) could ignite
if allowed to come into contact
with the hot exhaust pipe.
Do not permit flammable materials to come into contact with the
hot exhaust system.
Cooling would be
inadequate if the engine
were allowed to idle for a lengthy
period with the motorcycle at
a standstill: overheating would
result. In extreme cases, the
motorcycle could catch fire.
Do not allow the engine to idle
unnecessarily. Ride away immediately after starting the engine.
Tampering with the
control unit of the
electronic enginemanagement system
Tampering with the engine
control unit can damage
the motorcycle and cause accidents.
Do not tamper with the engine
control unit.
Tampering with the engine
control unit can result in
mechanical loads that the motorcycle's components are not
designed to withstand. Damage
caused in this way is not covered
by the warranty.
Do not tamper with the engine
control unit.
5
71
Riding
Catalytic converter
z
5
Riding
72
z
Checklist
Starting
Use the following checklist to
check important functions, settings and wear limits before you
ride off.
Brakes
Brake-fluid levels, front and rear
Clutch
Clutch fluid level
Shock absorber setting and
spring preload
Tyre-tread depth and tyre
pressures
Cases correctly installed and
luggage secured
Side stand
At regular intervals:
Engine oil level (every refuelling
stop)
Brake-pad wear (every third
refuelling stop)
Starting engine.
You cannot start the motorcycle
with the side stand extended and
a gear engaged. The engine will
switch itself off if you start it with
the gearbox in neutral and then
engage a gear before retracting
the side stand.
Gearbox
You can start the engine when
the gearbox is in neutral or if you
pull the clutch with a gear engaged. Do not pull the clutch until after you have switched on the
ignition, as otherwise the engine
will refuse to start. When the
gearbox is in neutral, the green
neutral telltale light is on and the
gear indicator in the multifunction
display shows N.
Kill switch in run position A.
Switch on the ignition.
Pre-ride check is performed.
( 73)
with OE BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS:
Switch on the ignition.
Pre-ride check is performed.
( 73)
ABS self-diagnosis is
performed. ( 74)
0 °C, disengage the clutch after
switching on the ignition.
The start attempt is automatically interrupted if battery voltage is too low. Recharge
the battery before you start the
engine, or use jump leads and a
donor battery to start.
The engine starts.
Consult the troubleshooting
chart below if the engine refuses to start. ( 136)
Pre-ride check
Press starter button 1.
If ambient temperatures are
very low, you might find it
necessary to open the throttle
slightly when starting the engine.
At ambient temperatures below
The instrument cluster runs a
test of the 'General' warning light
when the ignition is switched
on: this is the "Pre-Ride-Check"
The warning light shows first red
and then yellow, so that you can
check that it is in working order.
The test is aborted if you start
the engine before it completes.
Phase 1
General warning light shows
red.
5
73
CHECK! appears on the display.
Phase 2
General warning light shows
yellow.
CHECK! appears on the display.
If the 'General' warning light does
not show:
Some malfunctions cannot
be indicated if the 'General' warning light cannot be displayed.
Check that the 'General' warning
light comes on, and that it shows
red and yellow.
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
Riding
with OE Automatic Stability
Control (ASC):
Switch on the ignition.
Pre-ride check is performed.
( 73)
ABS self-diagnosis is
performed. ( 74)
ASC self-diagnosis is performed. ( 74)
z
5
Riding
74
z
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
ABS self-diagnosis OE
BMW Motorrad ABS performs
self-diagnosis to ensure its operability. Self-diagnosis is performed automatically when you
switch on the ignition. The motorcycle has to move forward at
a speed above 5 km/h for the
wheel sensors to be tested.
Phase 1
Test of the diagnosis-compatible system components with
the motorcycle at a standstill.
ABS warning light flashes.
Possible national variant of
the ABS warning light.
Phase 2
Test of the wheel sensors as
the motorcycle pulls away from
rest.
ABS warning light flashes.
Possible national variant of
the ABS warning light.
ABS self-diagnosis
completed
The ABS warning light goes
out.
If an indicator showing an ABS
fault appears when ABS self-diagnosis completes:
You can continue to ride. Bear
in mind that neither the ABS
function nor the integral braking function is available.
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
ASC self-diagnosis OE
BMW Motorrad ASC performs
self-diagnosis to ensure its op-
erability. Self-diagnosis is performed automatically when you
switch on the ignition. The engine must be running and the
motorcycle must reach a speed
of at least 5 km/h in order for
ASC self-diagnosis to complete.
Phase 1
Test of the diagnosis-compatible system components with
the motorcycle at a standstill.
ASC symbol flashes.
Phase 2
Test of the diagnosis-compatible system components while
the motorcycle is on the move.
ASC symbol flashes.
ASC self-diagnosis
completed
The ASC warning light goes
out.
Running in
The first 1000 km
While running in the motorcycle, vary the throttle opening
and engine-speed range frequently.
Try to do most of your riding during this initial period on
twisting, fairly hilly roads, avoiding high-speed main roads and
highways if possible.
Exceeding the specified engine speeds while running
in will lead to increased engine
wear.
Keep to the specified engine
speeds for running in.
Do not exceed the rpm limits
recommended for running in.
Running-in speed
<7000 min-1
No full-load acceleration.
Avoid low engine speeds at full
load.
Do not omit the first inspection
after 500 - 1200 km.
Brake pads
New brake pads must "bed
down" and therefore do not
achieve their optimum friction
levels during the first 500
km. You can compensate for
this initial reduction in braking
efficiency by exerting greater
pressure on the levers.
5
New brake pads can extend stopping distance by a
significant margin.
Apply the brakes in good time.
75
Tyres
New tyres have a smooth surface. This must be roughened by
riding in a restrained manner at
various heel angles until the tyres
are run in. This running in procedure is essential if the tyres are
to achieve maximum grip.
Tyres do not have their full
grip when new and there
is a risk of accidents at extreme
angles of heel.
Avoid extreme angles of heel.
Riding
If an indicator showing an ASC
fault appears when ASC selfdiagnosis completes:
You can continue to ride. Bear
in mind that the ASC function
is not available.
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
z
5
Riding
76
z
Brakes
How can stopping
distance be minimised?
Each time the brakes are applied,
a load distribution shift takes
place with the load shifting forward from the rear to the front
wheel. The sharper the motorcycle decelerates, the more load
is shifted to the front wheel. The
higher the wheel load, the more
braking force can be transmitted
without the wheel locking.
To optimise stopping distance,
apply the front brakes rapidly and
keep on increasing the force you
apply to the brake lever. This
makes the best possible use
of the dynamic increase in load
at the front wheel. Remember
to pull the clutch at the same
time. In the "panic braking situations" that are trained so frequently braking force is applied
as rapidly as possible and with
the rider's full force applied to
the brake levers; under these circumstances the dynamic shift
in load distribution cannot keep
pace with the increase in deceleration and the tyres cannot
transmit the full braking force to
the surface of the road. ABS has
to intervene to keep the front
wheel from locking; this increases
stopping distance.
Wet brakes
Descending mountain
passes
Salt on brakes
There is a danger of the
brakes fading if you use
only the rear brakes when descending mountain passes. Under
extreme conditions, the brakes
could overheat and suffer severe
damage.
Use both front and rear brakes,
and make use of the engine's
braking effect as well.
After the motorcycle has
been washed, ridden
through water or ridden in
the rain, the brake discs and
pads might be wet and the
brakes might not take effect
immediately.
Apply the brakes in good time
until the brakes have dried out.
The brakes may fail to take
effect immediately if the
motorcycle was ridden on saltcovered roads and the brakes
were not applied for some time.
Apply the brakes in good time
until the salt layer on the brake
discs and brake pads has been
removed.
Oil and grease on the brake
discs and pads considerably
diminish braking efficiency.
Especially after repair and maintenance work, make sure that the
brake discs and brake pads are
free of oil and grease.
Dirt or mud on brakes
When riding on loose surfaces or muddy roads, the
brakes may fail to take effect
immediately because of dirt or
moisture on the discs or brake
pads.
Apply the brakes in good time
until the brakes have been
cleaned.
Parking your
motorcycle
Placing motorcycle on
side stand
If the ground is soft or uneven, there is no guarantee that the motorcycle will rest
firmly on the stand.
Always check that the ground
under the stand is level and
firm.
Switch off the engine.
Pull the handbrake lever.
Hold the motorcycle upright
and balanced.
Use your left foot to extend the
side stand fully.
The side stand is designed
to support only the weight
of the motorcycle.
Do not lean or sit on the
motorcycle with the side stand
extended.
Slowly lean the motorcycle to
the side until its weight is taken
by the stand and dismount to
the left.
If the motorcycle is on the
side stand, the surface of
the ground will determine whether it is better to turn the handlebars to the left or right. However,
the motorcycle is more stable on
a level surface with the handlebars turned to the left than with
the handlebars turned to the
right.
On level ground, always turn the
handlebars to the left to set the
steering lock.
Turn the handlebars to full left
or right lock.
Check that the motorcycle is
standing firmly.
On a gradient, the motorcycle should always face
uphill; select 1st gear.
Lock the steering lock.
5
77
Riding
Oil or grease on brakes
z
5
Riding
78
z
Removing motorcycle
from side stand
Unlock the steering lock.
From the left, grip the handlebars with both hands.
Pull the handbrake lever.
Swing your right leg over the
seat and lift the motorcycle to
the upright position.
Hold the motorcycle upright
and balanced.
An extended side stand can
catch on the ground when
the motorcycle is moving and
lead to a fall.
Retract the side stand before
moving the motorcycle.
Sit on the motorcycle and use
your left foot to retract the side
stand.
Placing motorcycle on
centre stand OA
If the ground is soft or uneven, there is no guarantee that the motorcycle will rest
firmly on the stand.
Always check that the ground
under the stand is level and
firm.
Switch off the engine.
Dismount and keep your left
hand on the left handlebar grip.
With your right hand, grip the
rear grab handle or the rear
frame.
Place your right foot on the pin
of the centre stand, and press
the stand down until its curved
feet touch the ground.
Place your full body weight on
the centre stand and at the
same time pull the motorcycle
to the rear.
Excessive movements
could cause the centre
stand to retract, and the
motorcycle would topple in
consequence.
Do not lean or sit on the motorcycle with the centre stand
extended.
Check that the motorcycle is
standing firmly.
Lock the steering lock.
Removing motorcycle
from centre stand OA
Unlock the steering lock.
Place your left hand on the left
handlebar grip.
With your right hand, grip the
rear grab handle or the rear
frame.
Push the motorcycle forward
off the centre stand.
Check that the centre stand
has fully retracted.
Fuel is highly flammable. A
naked flame close to the
fuel tank can cause a fire or explosion.
Do not smoke. Never bring a
naked flame near the fuel tank.
Fuel expands when hot.
Fuel escaping from an
overfilled tank could make its way
onto the rear tyre. This could
cause a fall.
Do not fill the tank past the bottom edge of the filler neck.
Fuel attacks plastics, which
become dull or unsightly.
Wipe off plastic parts immediately
if they come into contact with
fuel.
Fuel can attack the material
of the windscreen, which
becomes dull or unsightly.
Wipe off the windscreen immedi-
ately if it comes into contact with
fuel.
5
Leaded fuel will destroy the
catalytic converter.
Use only unleaded fuel.
79
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Refuel with fuel of the grade
stated below; do not fill the
tank past the bottom edge of
the filler neck.
Recommended fuel
grade
98 ROZ/RON (Premium plus
unleaded)
Open the protective cap.
Open the fuel tank cap with
the ignition key by turning it
counter-clockwise.
95 ROZ/RON (Premium
unleaded (fuel grade,
usable with power- and
consumption-related
restrictions))
Riding
Refuelling
z
5
80
Usable fuel capacity
19 l
Riding
Reserve fuel
z
≥4 l
Press the fuel tank cap down
firmly to close.
Remove the key and close the
protective cap.
Engineering details
Engineering details
Brake system with BMW Motorrad
Integral ABS OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
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81
Tyre pressure monitoring
RDC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Engineering details
Electronic engine management with
BMW Motorrad ASC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
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82
Brake system with
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS OE
Engineering details
Partially integral brakes
z
Your motorcycle is equipped with
partially integral brakes. Both
front and rear brakes are applied
when you pull the handbrake
lever. The footbrake lever acts
only on the rear brake.
While the brakes are slowing the
motorcycle, the BMW Motorrad
Integral ABS adapts braking-force
distribution between front and
rear brakes to suit the load on
the motorcycle.
The integral braking function makes it very difficult
to spin the rear wheel by opening
the throttle with the front brake
applied to keep the motorcycle
stationary (burn-out). Attempted
burn-outs can result in damage
to the rear brake and the clutch.
Do not attempt burn-outs.
How does ABS work?
The amount of braking force that
can be transferred to the road
depends on factors hat include
the coefficient of friction of the
road surface. Loose stones, ice
and snow or a wet road all have
much lower coefficients of friction than a clean, dry asphalt surface. The lower the coefficient
of friction, the longer the braking
distance.
If the rider increases braking
pressure to the extent that braking force exceeds the maximum transferrable limit, the wheels
start to lock and the motorcycle
loses its directional stability; a fall
is imminent. Before this situation
can occur, ABS intervenes and
adapts braking pressure to the
maximum transferrable braking
force, so the wheels continue
to turn and directional stability
is maintained irrespective of the
condition of the road surface.
What are the effects of
surface irregularities?
Humps and surface irregularities can cause the wheels to
lose contact temporarily with the
road surface; if this happens the
braking force that can be transmitted to the road can drop to
zero. If the brakes are applied
under these circumstances the
ABS has to reduce braking force
to ensure that directional stability is maintained when the
wheels regain contact with the
road surface. At this instant the
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS
must assume an extremely low
coefficient of friction, so that the
wheels will continue to rotate under all imaginable circumstances,
because this is the precondition
for ensuring directional stability.
As soon as is registers the actual circumstances, the system
reacts instantly and adjusts brak-
What feedback does the
rider receive from the
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS?
If the ABS system has to reduce
braking force on account of the
circumstances described above,
vibration is perceptible through
the handbrake lever.
When the handbrake lever is
pulled, brake pressure is also
built up at the rear wheel by
the integral function. If the
brake pedal is depressed after
the handbrake lever is pulled,
the brake pressure built up
beforehand is perceptible as
counter-pressure sooner than is
the case when the brake pedal is
depressed either before or at the
same time as the brake lever is
pulled.
Rear wheel lift
Even under severe braking, a
high level of tyre grip can mean
that the front wheel does not
lock up until very late, if at all.
Consequently, ABS does not intervene until very late, if at all.
Under these circumstances the
rear wheel can lift off the ground,
and the outcome can be a highsiding situation in which the motorcycle can flip over.
Severe braking can cause
the rear wheel to lift off the
ground.
When you brake, bear in mind
that ABS control cannot be relied
on in all circumstances to prevent
the rear wheel from lifting clear of
the ground.
What is the design
baseline for BMW
Motorrad Integral ABS?
Within the limits imposed by
physics, the BMW Motorrad Integral ABS ensures directional
stability on any surface. The system is not optimised for special
requirements that apply under
extreme competitive situations
off-road or on the track.
Special situations
The speeds of the front and rear
wheels are compared as one
means of detecting a wheel's
incipient tendency to lock. If the
system registers implausible values for a lengthy period the ABS
function is deactivated for safety
reasons and an ABS fault message is issued. Self-diagnosis has to complete before fault
messages can be issued.
In addition to problems with the
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS,
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Engineering details
ing force accordingly to achieve
optimum braking.
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Engineering details
84
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exceptional riding conditions can
lead to a fault message being
issued.
Exceptional riding
conditions:
Heating up with the motorcycle
on the centre stand or an auxiliary stand, engine idling or with
a gear engaged.
Rear wheel locked by the engine brake for a lengthy period,
for example while descending
off-road.
If a fault message is issued on
account of exceptional riding
conditions as outlined above, you
can reactivate the ABS function
by switching the ignition off and
on again.
What significance
devolves on regular
maintenance?
momentum take over and even
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS is
unable to counteract their effects.
Invariably, a technical system cannot perform beyond
the abilities dictated by its level
of maintenance.
In order to ensure that the BMW
Motorrad ABS is always maintained in optimum condition, it
is essential for you to comply
strictly with the specified inspection intervals.
Electronic engine
management with BMW
Motorrad ASC OE
Reserves for safety
The potentially shorter braking
distances which BMW Motorrad
Integral ABS permits must not be
used as an excuse for careless
riding. ABS is primarily a means
of ensuring a safety margin in
genuine emergencies.
Take care when cornering. When
you apply the brakes on a corner,
the motorcycle's weight and
How does ASC work?
The BMW Motorrad ASC compares the speed of rotation of the
front wheel and the rear wheel.
The differential is used to compute slip as a measure of the
reserves of stability available at
the rear wheel. If slip exceeds a
certain limit the electronic engine
management system intervenes,
adapting engine torque accordingly.
BMW Motorrad ASC is designed
as an assistant system for the
rider and for use on public roads.
The extent to which the rider affects ASC control can be considerable (weight shifts when cornering, items of luggage loose
on the motorcycle), especially
when style of riding takes rider
and machine close to the limits
imposed by physics. The system
is not optimised for special requirements that apply under extreme competitive situations offroad or on the track. You have
the option of deactivating the
BMW Motorrad ASC system for
these circumstances.
Even ASC is constrained by
the laws of physics. Invariably, the rider bears responsibility for assessing road and traffic
conditions and adopting his or
her style of riding accordingly.
Do not take risks that would negate the additional safety offered
by this system.
Special situations
In accordance with the laws of
physics, the ability to accelerate
is restricted more and more as
the angle of heel increases. Consequently, there can be a perceptible lag in acceleration out of
very tight bends.
The speeds of the front and
rear wheels are compared as
one means of detecting the rear
wheel's incipient tendency to
spin or slip sideways. If the system registers implausible values
for a lengthy period the ASC
function is deactivated for safety
reasons and an ASC fault message is issued. Self-diagnos-
is has to complete before fault
messages can be issued.
The BMW Motorrad ASC can
shut down automatically under
the exceptional riding conditions
outlined below.
Exceptional riding
conditions:
Riding for a lengthy period with
the front wheel lifted off the
ground (wheelie) and ASC deactivated.
Rear wheel rotating with the
motorcycle held stationary by
applying the front brake (burnout).
Heating up with the motorcycle
on the centre stand or an auxiliary stand, engine idling or with
a gear engaged.
Accelerating the motorcycle to
a speed in excess of 10 km/h
after switching the ignition off
and then on again reactivates the
ASC.
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Engineering details
What is the design
baseline for BMW
Motorrad ASC?
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Engineering details
86
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If the front wheel lifts clear of the
ground under severe acceleration, the ASC reduces engine
torque until the front wheel regains contact with the ground.
Under these circumstances,
BMW Motorrad recommends
rolling the throttle slightly closed
so as to restore stability with the
least possible delay.
When riding on a slippery surface, never snap the throttle
twistgrip fully closed without
pulling the clutch at the same
time. Engine braking torque can
cause the rear wheel to lock, with
a corresponding loss of stability.
The BWM Motorrad ASC is unable to control a situation of this
nature.
Tyre pressure
monitoring RDC OE
Function
A sensor integrated into each
tyre measures the air temperature and the air pressure inside
the tyre and transmits this information to the control unit.
Each sensor has a centrifugalforce tripswitch that does not
enable transmission of the measured values until the motorcycle
has accelerated to about 30 km/
h. The display shows -- for
each tyre until the tyre-pressure
signal is received for the first
time. The sensors continue to
transmit the measured-value signals for approximately 15 minutes
after the motorcycle comes to a
stop.
The control unit can administrate four sensors, so two different sets of wheels with RDC
sensors can be alternated on
the motorcycle. An error message is issued if wheels without
sensors are fitted to a motorcycle
equipped with an RDC control
unit.
Temperature
compensation
The tyre-pressure readings
shown by the multifunction
display are temperaturecompensated; the reference tyre
temperature for these readings
is always 20 °C. The air lines
available to the public in petrol
stations and motorway service
areas almost invariably show
temperature-dependent tyre
pressures, so in most instances
these gauge readings will not
tally with the readings shown by
the multifunction display.
The RDC control unit differentiates between three tyre-pressure
ranges, all of which are parameterised for the motorcycle:
Tyre pressure within permitted
tolerance.
Tyre pressure close to limit of
permitted tolerance.
Tyre pressure outside permitted tolerance.
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Engineering details
Tyre-pressure ranges
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Engineering details
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Accessories
Accessories
General instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Power socket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
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89
Case OA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Accessories
Luggage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
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Accessories
90
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General instructions
BMW Motorrad recommends
the use of parts and accessories
for your motorcycle that are approved by BMW for this purpose.
Genuine BMW parts and accessories and other products
which BMW has approved can
be obtained from your authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer, together
with expert advice on their installation and use.
These parts and products have
been tested by BMW for safety,
function and suitability. BMW
accepts product liability for them.
Conversely, BMW is unable to
accept any liability whatsoever
for parts and accessories which it
has not approved.
BMW Motorrad cannot
assess each non-BMW
product to determine whether it can be used on or in connection with BMW motorcycles
without constituting a safety hazard. Country-specific official authorisation does not suffice as
assurance. Tests conducted by
these instances cannot make
provision for all operating conditions experienced by BMW motorcycles and, consequently, they
are not sufficient in some circumstances.
Use only parts and accessories approved by BMW for your
motorcycle.
Whenever you are planning
modifications, comply with all
the legal requirements. Make
sure that the motorcycle does
not infringe national road-vehicle
construction and use regulations.
Power socket
Ratings
The supply to standard socket 1
and the extra socket (OE) is cut
off automatically if battery voltage
is low or the load exceeds the
maximum for the two sockets.
Operating electrical
accessories
You can start using electrical accessories only when the ignition
is switched on. The accessory
remains operational if the ignition
is subsequently switched off. In
order to ensure that the drain on
Cable routing
The cables from the power socket to the auxiliary device must be
routed in such a way that they:
Do not impede the rider
Do not restrict or obstruct the
steering angle and handling
characteristics
Cannot be trapped
Incorrectly routed cables
can impede the rider.
Route the cables as described
above.
Luggage
Correct loading
Overloading and imbalanced loads can adversely
affect the motorcycle's handling.
Do not exceed the permissible
gross weight and be sure to
comply with the instructions on
loading.
Set spring preload, damping
characteristic and tyre pressures to suit total weight.
Adjust the spring preload for
rear wheel ( 61)
Check the tyre pressure
( 65)
Adjust the damping for rear
wheel ( 62)
Ensure that the case volumes
on the left and right are equal.
Make sure that the weight is
uniformly distributed between
right and left.
Pack heavy items at the bottom and toward the inboard
side.
Note the maximum permissible
payload of the cases and the
speed limit for riding with cases
on the motorcycle.
Payload of cases
max 8 kg
Maximum permissible
speed for riding with
cases fitted to the motorcycle
max 180 km/h
Note the maximum permissible
payload of the tank rucksack.
Payload of tank rucksack
max 5 kg
Note the maximum permissible
payload of the tankbag.
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91
Accessories
the on-board power supply system is minimised, the supply to
the power socket is cut off approximately 15 minutes after the
ignition is switched off, and it is
also temporarily interrupted during the start procedure.
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7
92
Payload of tankbag
Opening cases
max 5 kg
Accessories
Note the maximum permissible
payload of the luggage carrier.
z
Pull the grey release lever
(OPEN) up again.
Pull case lid 2 out of the retainer.
Closing cases
Payload of luggage carrier
max 5 kg
Case OA
Turn the lock barrel in the
OPEN direction.
Release levers
Each case has two levers, one on
each side of the lock.
The grey lever marked OPEN is
for opening and closing the case.
The black lever marked
RELEASE is for removing and
attaching the case.
Pull the grey release lever
(OPEN) up.
Lock straps 1 open.
Press catches 1 of the case lid
into retainers 2.
The catches engage with an
audible click.
Press catches 3 on the lock
straps into retainers 2.
The catches engage with an
audible click.
Check that the catches are
locked securely into place.
Adjusting case volume
Removing cases
Close the case lid.
7
Turn the lock strap
buckles 1 of the lock straps
out.
Pull the lock straps up and out.
This expands the case to maximum volume.
Close the lock straps.
Press the lock straps against
the case body.
The case volume adapts to the
contents.
Turn the lock barrel in the RELEASE direction.
Pull the black release lever
(RELEASE) up.
Accessories
93
z
Installing case
7
Accessories
94
z
Pull the case out of the top
holder.
Lift the case out of the bottom
holder.
Pull the black release lever
(RELEASE) up.
Press the case into top holder 3.
Push the black release lever
(RELEASE) down.
The case is locked into place.
Lock the case.
Check that it is correctly engaged.
Turn the lock barrel in the RELEASE direction.
Secure attachment
Hook the case into bottom
holder 2.
If a case wobbles or is difficult
to fit, it has to be adapted to
the gap between the upper and
lower mounting. The bottom
bracket on the case can be
moved up or down for this
purpose.
7
Adapting case
95
Accessories
Open the case.
z
Remove screws 1.
Adjust the height of the holder.
Tighten screws 1.
Accessories
7
96
z
Maintenance
Maintenance
General instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Toolkit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
8
97
Brake system, general . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Brake pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Brake fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Rims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Front-wheel stand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Rear-wheel stand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
Jump starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Maintenance
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
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8
Maintenance
98
z
General instructions
Toolkit
The Maintenance chapter describes straightforward procedures for checking and replacing
certain wear parts.
Special tightening torques are listed as applicable. The tightening
torques for the threaded fasteners on your motorcycle are listed
in the section entitled "Technical
data".
You will find information on more
extensive maintenance and repair work in the Repair Manual
on DVD/CD-ROM (RepROM) for
your motorcycle, which is available from your authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer.
Standard on-board toolkit
Some of the work calls for special tools and a thorough knowledge of motorcycles. If you
are in doubt consult a specialist
workshop, preferably your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
2 Torx wrench, T25
Removing and installing body
panels
Removing and installing battery
retainer
3 Small screwdriver
Removing and installing turn
indicator glass
4 Open-ended spanner, w/f
14
Adjust the mirror arm
On-board toolkit service
kit
1 Screwdriver with reversible
blade
Removing and installing turn
indicator glass
Disconnecting leads from battery terminals
Your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer can provide the onboard toolkit service kit that you
will need if you are considering
undertaking more extensive work.
You will find information on undertaking work of this nature in
the Repair Manual on the DVD/
CD-ROM also obtainable from
your authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
5 Socket
3x open-ended spanner, for
example for connecting and
disconnecting leads to battery
terminals
1 Extending tool holder
Adapters to accommodate all
tools
Removing and installing spark
plugs
2 1/4" bits
5x Torx, for example for removing and installing rear wheel
2x cross-head bits
1x plain screwdriver bit
3 3/8" adapter for sockethead screws, w/f 22
Removing and installing front
axle
6 Adapter
Adapter for 1/4" bits
9x12 mm and 3/8" swivel adapters
Engine oil
Checking engine oil level
The engine can seize if the
oil level is low, and this can
lead to accidents.
Always make sure that the oil
level is correct.
Oil can collect in the sump
if the motorcycle is out of
use for an extended period of
time; this oil has to be pumped
into the oil tank before the level
is read. The engine oil must be
at operating temperature to do
this. Checking the oil level with
the engine cold or after no more
than a short ride will lead to misinterpretation; this in turn, means
that the engine will be operated
with the incorrect quantity of oil.
In order to ensure that the engine oil level is read correctly,
check the oil level only after a
lengthy trip.
Make sure the engine is at operating temperature and hold
the motorcycle upright.
with OA Centre stand:
Check that the engine is at operating temperature, make sure
the ground is level and firm
and place the motorcycle on its
centre stand.
Allow the engine to idle for one
minute.
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99
Maintenance
4 Electric torch
LED bulb
z
8
Switch off the ignition.
Damage to the engine
can result if it is operated
without enough oil, but the same
also applies if the oil level is too
high.
Always make sure that the oil
level is correct.
Maintenance
100
z
Wipe the area around the filler
neck clean.
Engine oil, specified level
Check the oil level in oil-level
indicator 1.
Between MIN and MAX
marks
If the oil level is below the MIN
mark:
Top up the engine oil ( 100)
If the oil level is above the MAX
mark:
Drain the engine oil ( 101)
Topping up engine oil
Remove the seat (
66)
Remove cap of oil filler neck 1
by turning it counter-clockwise.
Top up the engine oil to the
specified level.
Check the engine oil level
( 99)
Draining engine oil
Remove the seat (
66)
and right and pull the tube up
and out of the oil tank.
Pull the transparent tube down
out of the frame and drain the
engine oil into a suitable container until the level is to specification.
Insert the transparent tube into
the oil tank and engage the
retainer.
Store or dispose of the excess
engine oil in an environmentally
compatible manner.
Install the seat ( 67)
Brake system, general
Damage to the engine
can result if it is operated
without enough oil, but the same
also applies if the oil level is too
high.
Always make sure that the oil
level is correct.
Squeeze the retainer of transparent tube 2 together on left
Reliability
A fully functional brake system is
a basic requirement for the road
safety of your motorcycle.
Do not ride the motorcycle if you
have any doubts about the dependability of the brake system.
Under these circumstances have
the brake system checked by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Incorrect working practices
endanger the reliability of
the brakes.
Have all work on the brake system performed by a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Checking operation of
brakes
Pull the handbrake lever.
The pressure point must be
clearly perceptible.
Press the footbrake lever.
The pressure point must be
clearly perceptible.
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101
Maintenance
Install cap of oil filler neck 1
and turn it clockwise to close.
Install the seat ( 67)
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8
Maintenance
102
z
Brake pads
Checking front brake pad
thickness
Brake pads worn past
the minimum permissible
brake-pad thickness can cause
a reduction in braking efficiency
and under certain circumstances
they can cause damage to the
brake system.
In order to ensure the dependability of the brake system, do not
permit the brake pads to wear
past the minimum permissible
brake-pad thickness.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Visually inspect the left and
right brake pads to ascertain
their thickness.
Brake-pad wear limit,
front
min 1 mm (Friction pad only,
without backing plate)
The wear indicators
(grooves) must be clearly
visible.
If the wear indicating mark is no
longer clearly visible:
Have the brake pads replaced
by a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer.
Checking rear brake pad
thickness
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Brake fluid
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103
Checking brake-fluid
level, front brakes
Visually inspect the brake pads
from the right to ascertain their
thickness.
Brake-pad wear limit, rear
min 1 mm (Friction pad only,
without backing plate)
Make sure that the brake
disc is not visible through
the bore in the inboard brake
block.
If the brake disc is visible:
Have the brake pads replaced
by a specialist workshop,
A low fluid level in the
brake reservoir can allow air
to penetrate the brake system.
This significantly reduces braking
efficiency.
Check the brake-fluid level at
regular intervals.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and hold the motorcycle upright.
with OA Centre stand:
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its centre stand.
Move the handlebars to the
straight-ahead position.
Maintenance
Brake pads worn past
the minimum permissible
brake-pad thickness can cause
a reduction in braking efficiency
and under certain circumstances
they can cause damage to the
brake system.
In order to ensure the dependability of the brake system, do not
permit the brake pads to wear
past the minimum permissible
brake-pad thickness.
preferably an authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer.
z
Checking brake-fluid
level, rear brakes
104
A low fluid level in the
brake reservoir can allow air
to penetrate the brake system.
This significantly reduces braking
efficiency.
Check the brake-fluid level at
regular intervals.
Maintenance
8
z
Check the brake fluid level in
front reservoir 1.
The brake fluid level in the
brake fluid reservoir drops
as the brake pads wear.
Brake fluid level, front
DOT4 brake fluid
Do not permit the brake fluid
level to drop below the MIN
mark. (Brake-fluid reservoir
horizontal)
If the brake fluid level drops below the permitted level:
Have the defect rectified as
quickly as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and hold the motorcycle upright.
with OA Centre stand:
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its centre stand.
Checking clutch operation
Check the brake fluid level in
brake fluid reservoir 1.
The brake fluid level in the
brake fluid reservoir drops
as the brake pads wear.
Brake fluid level, rear
Pull the clutch lever.
The pressure point must be
clearly perceptible.
If the pressure point is not clearly
perceptible:
Have the clutch checked by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
DOT4 brake fluid
Checking clutch fluid level
Do not permit the brake fluid
level to drop below the MIN
mark. (Brake-fluid reservoir
horizontal)
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and hold the motorcycle upright.
with OA Centre stand:
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its centre stand.
If the brake fluid level drops below the permitted level:
Have the defect rectified as
quickly as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Move the handlebars to the
straight-ahead position.
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105
Maintenance
Clutch
z
8
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
106
The clutch system is filled
with a special hydraulic
fluid that does not have to be
changed.
Maintenance
Tyres
z
Check the clutch fluid level in
clutch fluid reservoir 1.
Wear of the clutch causes
the fluid level in the clutch
fluid reservoir to rise.
Clutch fluid level
Do not permit the clutch fluid level to drop.
If the fluid level drops:
Unsuitable hydraulic fluids
could cause damage to the
clutch system.
Do not attempt to top up the
system with fluids of any kind.
Have the defect rectified as
quickly as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably
Measuring tread depth of
tyres
Your motorcycle's handling
and grip can be impaired
even before the tyres wear to
the minimum tyre tread depth
permitted by law.
Have the tyres changed in good
time before they wear to the
minimum permissible tread
depth.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Tyres have wear indicators
integrated into the main
tread grooves. The tyre is worn
out when the tyre tread has worn
down to the level of the marks.
The locations of the marks are
indicated on the edge of the tyre,
e.g. by the letters TI, TWI or by
an arrow.
If the tyre tread is worn to minimum:
Replace tyre or tyres, as applicable.
Rims
Visual inspection
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Visually inspect the rims for
defects.
Have damaged rims checked
and, if necessary, replaced by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
RDC label OE
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107
Wheels
Recommended tyres
For each size of tyre BMW Motorrad tests and classifies as
roadworthy certain makes. BMW
Motorrad cannot assess the suitability or provide any guarantee
of road safety for other tyres.
BMW Motorrad recommends
using only tyres tested by BMW
Motorrad.
You can obtain detailed information from your authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer or on the Internet at www.bmw-motorrad.com.
Incorrect tyre-removal procedures can result in damage to the RDC sensors.
Be sure to notify the authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer or specialist workshop that the wheel is
fitted with an RDC sensor.
If the motorcycle is equipped
with RDC, each wheel rim bears
an adhesive label indicating the
position of the RDC sensor.
When changing the tyre, take
care not to damage the RDC
sensor. Be sure to draw the
attention of the authorised BMW
Maintenance
Measure the tyre tread depth
in the main tread grooves with
wear marks.
z
8
108
Motorrad dealer or specialist
workshop to the fact that the
wheel is fitted with an RDC
sensor.
Maintenance
Remove the front wheel
z
Place the motorcycle on an
auxiliary stand; BMW Motorrad
recommends the BMW Motorrad rear-wheel stand.
Install the rear-wheel stand
( 117)
with OA Centre stand:
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its centre stand.
Remove screws 1 on left and
right.
Remove covers 2 on left and
right.
Once the calipers have
been removed, there is
a risk of the brake pads being
pressed together to the extent
that they cannot be slipped back
over the brake disc on reassembly.
Do not operate the handbrake
lever when the brake calipers
have been removed.
Remove securing screws 3 of
the brake calipers on left and
right.
Force the brake pads slightly
apart by rocking brake
calipers 4 back and forth A
against brake discs 5.
Mask off the parts of the wheel
rim that could be scratched in
the process of removing the
brake calipers.
Carefully pull the brake calipers
back and out until clear of the
brake discs.
with OE BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS:
When removing the left brake
caliper, take care not to damage the ABS sensor cable.
correctly aligned the gap
between the ABS sensor ring
and the ABS sensor will not be
correct and this can cause the
ABS to malfunction or allow the
ABS sensor to be damaged.
In order to ensure that the
threaded bush remains correctly
aligned, do not slacken or
remove the left axle camping
screw.
Remove right-hand axle clamping screw 6.
Remove right-hand axle clamping screw 6.
with OE BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS:
The left axle clamping
screw locates the threaded
bush in the front suspension.
If the threaded bush is not
Remove quick-release axle 7,
holding the wheel as you do
so.
Lower the front wheel to the
ground between the front forks.
Roll the front wheel forward to
remove.
8
109
Maintenance
Raise front of motorcycle until
the front wheel can turn freely.
BMW Motorrad recommends
the BMW Motorrad front-wheel
stand for lifting the motorcycle.
Install the front-wheel stand
( 115)
z
with OE BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS:
110
Take care not to damage the ABS sensor when
rolling out the front wheel.
Note the ABS sensor when
rolling out the front wheel.
Maintenance
8
z
Roll the front wheel forward to
remove.
Installing front wheel
ABS malfunctions on account of incorrect speed
signal.
Segmentation differs between individual types of sensor ring; it is
very important to ensure that the
correct sensor ring is installed.
Install only the sensor ring that
matches the motorcycle's construction status.
Threaded fasteners not
tightened to the specified
torque can work loose or their
threads can suffer damage.
Always have the security of the
fasteners checked by a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Roll the front wheel into position between the front forks.
The front wheel must be
installed right way round to
rotate in the correct direction.
Note the direction-of-rotation arrows on the tyre or the wheel
rim.
Roll the front wheel into position between the front forks.
with OE BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS:
There is a risk of damaging
parts of the front brake,
particularly the BMW Motorrad
Integral ABS, in the course of the
procedure described below.
Take care not to damage the
brake system, in particular the
ABS sensor with cable and the
ABS sensor ring.
Raise the front wheel, insert
quick-release axle 7 and tighten to specified torque.
Quick-release axle in
threaded bush
50 Nm
Tighten right axle clamping
screw 6 to the specified tightening torque.
Clamping screw for
quick-release axle in
wheel carrier
Carefully route the ABS cable.
Make sure that the ABS
sensor cable is clipped into
holders 8.
8
111
Remove the front-wheel stand.
Ease the brake calipers on to
the brake discs.
with OE BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS:
Install securing screws 3.
Front brake caliper to
wheel carrier
30 Nm
The cable of the ABS
sensor could chafe through
if it comes into contact with the
brake disc.
Make sure that the ABS sensor
cable is routed correctly.
Remove the adhesive tape
from the wheel rim.
Firmly pull the handbrake lever
until the pressure point is perceptible, and repeat this operation several times.
Position covers 2 on left and
right.
Install screws 1 on left and
right.
Remove the rear wheel stand,
if installed beforehand.
Removing rear wheel
Place the motorcycle on an
auxiliary stand; BMW Motorrad
recommends the BMW Motorrad rear-wheel stand.
Install the rear-wheel stand
( 117)
Maintenance
19 Nm
z
8
Maintenance
112
with OA Centre stand:
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its centre stand.
Remove clamp 3 from the silencer.
Do not remove the sealing
grease from the clamp.
z
Remove screw 1 from silencer
cover 2.
Pull the cover to the rear to
remove.
Remove screw 4 for the bracket of the silencer from the rear
footrest.
Turn the silencer out.
Engage first gear.
Installing rear wheel
8
Threaded fasteners not
tightened to the specified
torque can work loose or their
threads can suffer damage.
Always have the security of the
fasteners checked by a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
If you are using the BMW Motorrad rear-wheel stand: remove the retaining disc.
Roll the rear wheel into position
at the rear-wheel adapter.
Seat the rear wheel on the
rear-wheel adapter.
If you are using the BMW Motorrad rear-wheel stand: reinstall the retaining disc.
Install wheel studs 5 and tighten to the specified torque in
diagonally opposite sequence.
Rear wheel to wheel
flange
Tightening sequence: tighten in diagonally opposite sequence
60 Nm
Turn the silencer to its initial
position.
Maintenance
Place a support underneath
the rear wheel and remove
studs 5.
If you are using the BMW Motorrad rear-wheel stand: remove the retaining disc.
Lower the rear wheel to the
ground.
Roll the rear wheel out toward
the rear.
If you are using the BMW Motorrad rear-wheel stand: reinstall the retaining disc.
113
z
8
Maintenance
114
z
Install screw 4 for the bracket of the silencer in the rear
footrest, but do not tighten it at
this point.
Align clamp 3 on the silencer
with mark A (arrow) on oxygen
sensor B.
Tighten clamp 3 on the silencer to the specified tightening
torque.
Silencer to manifold
35 Nm
If the gap between the rear
wheel and the silencer is
too small, the rear wheel can
overheat.
The gap between the rear wheel
and the silencer must be at least
10 mm.
Tighten screw 4 for the bracket of the silencer in the rear
footrest to the specified torque.
Silencer to rear footrest
22 Nm
Use
Push silencer cover 2 with
guides A into retainers B.
Install screw 1 in silencer cover 2.
Remove the rear wheel stand,
if installed beforehand.
A front-wheel stand for simple,
safe changing of the front wheel
is available from BMW Motorrad.
The BMW special tool number
is 36 3 971 and the front-wheel
stand is available from your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
You also need the adapters with
the BMW special tool number
36 3 973.
The BMW Motorrad front
wheel stand is not designed
to support motorcycles not fitted
with a centre stand or without
other auxiliary stands. A motorcycle resting only on the front
wheel stand and the rear wheel
can topple.
Place the motorcycle on its
centre stand or another auxiliary
stand before lifting the front
wheel with the BMW Motorrad
front-wheel stand.
Installing front-wheel
stand
8
Place the motorcycle on an
auxiliary stand; BMW Motorrad
recommends the BMW Motorrad rear-wheel stand.
with OA Centre stand:
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its centre stand.
115
Maintenance
Front-wheel stand
z
Slacken adjusting screws 1.
Push the two pins 2 apart until the front suspension fits
between them.
8
Maintenance
116
Use locating pins 3 to set the
front-wheel stand to the desired height.
Centre the front-wheel stand
relative to the front wheel and
push it against the front axle.
z
Push both mounting pins 2
through the triangles of the
brake caliper anchorages just
far enough to allow the front
wheel to be rolled between
them.
There is a risk of damaging
the ABS sensor ring of the
BMW ABS.
Push the pin in just far enough to
ensure that it clears the sensor
ring of the BMW ABS.
Tighten adjusting screws 1.
If the motorcycle is on the
centre stand and is raised
too far, the centre stand will lift
clear of the ground and the motorcycle could topple to one side.
When raising the motorcycle,
make sure that the centre stand
remains on the ground.
Apply uniform pressure to push
the front-wheel stand down
and raise the motorcycle.
Rear-wheel stand
Use
BMW Motorrad offers a rearwheel stand for holding motorcycles (including those without
centre stands) securely upright
for maintenance work. The BMW
special tool number is 36 3 980
and the rear-wheel stand is available from your authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer.
Installing rear-wheel
stand
8
Use screws 1 to set the rearwheel stand to the desired
height.
Remove retaining disc 2. To
do so, press release button 3.
Push the rear wheel stand from
the left into the rear axle.
Install the retaining disc from
the right; to do so, press the
unlock button.
Place your left hand on the
left grab handle of the motorcycle 4, and your right hand
on the lever of the rear wheel
stand 5.
Lift the motorcycle upright,
simultaneously pressing the
lever down until the stand supports the motorcycle in the upright position.
Maintenance
117
z
indicators in the display tell you
that a bulb defect has occurred.
118
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a
complete set of spare bulbs if
possible.
Maintenance
8
z
Press the lever down to the
ground.
Bulbs
General instructions
The failure of a bulb is signalled
in the display by the defective
lamp symbol. If the brake or rear
light fails, the symbol is accompanied by the 'General' warning
light, which lights up yellow. If
the rear light fails the second filament of the brake light shines
at reduced brightness to double
as a rear light. Even though you
have this substitute rear light, the
The bulb is pressurised and
can cause injury if damaged.
Wear protective goggles and
gloves when changing bulbs.
The types of bulb fitted to
your motorcycle are listed
in the section entitled "Technical
data".
Do not touch the glass of
new bulbs with your fingers.
Use a clean, dry cloth to hold
the bulbs when handling them.
Dirt deposits, in particular oil and
grease, interfere with heat radi-
ation from the bulb. This leads
to overheating and shortens the
bulb's operating life.
Replacing low-beam and
high-beam headlight bulb
If it is not standing firmly,
the motorcycle could topple
in the course of the operations
described below.
Always make sure that the
motorcycle is stable and firmly
supported.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Switch off the ignition.
Turn the handlebars to the
left to facilitate access.
8
Remove cover 1 (high-beam
headlight) or cover 2(low-beam
headlight) by turning cover
counter-clockwise.
Disengage spring clip 4 from
the latches and swing it up.
The spring clip might face
in a direction other than
that shown here, depending on
the light.
Remove bulb 5.
Replace the defective bulb.
Bulb for high-beam
headlight
H7 / 12 V / 55 W
Bulb for low-beam headlight
H7 / 12 V / 55 W
Disconnect plug 3.
Maintenance
119
z
Replacing parking-light
bulb
120
If it is not standing firmly,
the motorcycle could topple
in the course of the operations
described below.
Always make sure that the
motorcycle is stable and firmly
supported.
Maintenance
8
Install bulb 5. When installing,
make sure that tab 6 is pointing up.
Connect plug 3.
z
Engage spring retainer 4 in the
catches.
Install cover 1 (high-beam
headlight) or cover 2(low-beam
headlight) by turning cover
clockwise.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Switch off the ignition.
Remove bulb holder 2 from the
headlight housing by turning it
counter-clockwise.
Remove bulb 3 from the bulb
holder.
Replace the defective bulb.
Bulb for parking light
W5W / 12 V / 5 W
Pull the bulb housing forward
to remove it and tilt it slightly
down.
121
Insert bulb 3 into the bulb
socket.
Turn the bulb socket clockwise to install it in the headlight
housing.
Maintenance
Remove securing screws 1
from both sides of the bulb
housing.
8
z
Switch off the ignition.
Remove the seat ( 66)
8
Maintenance
122
z
The headlight cable could
catch in the steering if it is
not routed correctly.
Use the appropriate retaining
clips to secure electric wires at
the back of the headlight.
Push the bulb housing into
mounts 4 on the frame.
Install securing screws 1 at
both sides of the bulb housing.
Replacing brake light and
rear light bulb
Remove screw 1.
If it is not standing firmly,
the motorcycle could topple
in the course of the operations
described below.
Always make sure that the
motorcycle is stable and firmly
supported.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Pull the bulb housing to the
rear until it is clear of holders 2.
Replace the defective bulb.
8
Bulb for tail light/brake
light
123
Turn bulb holder 3 counterclockwise to remove it from the
bulb housing.
Turn bulb socket 3 clockwise
to install it in the bulb housing.
Maintenance
P21W / 12 V / 21 W
z
Press bulb 4 into socket 5 and
turn it clockwise to install.
Press bulb 4 into socket 5 and
remove by turning it counterclockwise.
Seat the bulb housing in holders 2.
Switch off the ignition.
8
Maintenance
124
z
Install screw 1.
Install the seat (
67)
Replacing turn indicator
bulbs, front and rear
Remove screw 1.
Bulbs for flashing turn
indicators, front
If it is not standing firmly,
the motorcycle could topple
in the course of the operations
described below.
Always make sure that the
motorcycle is stable and firmly
supported.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Press bulb 2 into fitting 3 and
remove by turning it counterclockwise.
Replace the defective bulb.
R10W / 12 V / 10 W
with OE White turn indicators:
RY10W / 12 V / 10 W
Pull the turn indicator glass out
of the turn indicator housing at
the threaded-fastener side.
Bulbs for flashing turn
indicators, rear
R10W / 12 V / 10 W
with OE White turn indicators:
RY10W / 12 V / 10 W
Position the bulb housing on
the turn indicator housing.
The wires leading to the
power socket do not have
a load-capacity rating adequate
for jump-starting the engine. Excessively high current can lead
to a cable fire or damage to the
vehicle electronics.
Do not use the on-board socket
to jump-start the engine of the
motorcycle.
Touching live parts of the
ignition system with the
engine running can cause electric
shock.
Do not touch parts of the ignition system when the engine is
running.
Turn bulb 2 clockwise to install
it in bulb socket 3.
Install screw 1.
A short-circuit can result if the crocodile clips
of the jump leads are accidentally brought into contact with the
motorcycle.
Use only jump leads fitted with
8
125
Maintenance
Jump starting
Bulbs for flashing turn
indicators, rear
z
fully insulated crocodile clips at
both ends.
126
Jump-starting with a donorbattery voltage higher than
12 V can damage the vehicle
electronics.
Make sure that the battery of the
donor vehicle has a voltage rating
of 12 V.
Maintenance
8
z
When jump-starting the engine,
do not disconnect the battery
from the on-board electrical
system.
Remove the battery-compartment cover ( 128)
Run the engine of the donor
vehicle during jump-starting.
Begin by connecting one end
of the red jump lead to the
positive terminal of the discharged battery and the other
end to the positive terminal of
the donor battery.
Then connect one end of the
black jump lead to the negative
terminal of the donor battery,
and the other end to the negative terminal of the discharged
battery.
Start the engine of the vehicle
with the discharged battery
in the usual way; if the engine does not start, wait a few
minutes before repeating the
attempt in order to protect the
starter motor and the donor
battery.
Allow both engines to idle for a
few minutes before disconnecting the jump leads.
Disconnect the jump lead from
the negative terminals first,
then disconnect the second
lead from the positive terminals.
Install the battery-compartment
cover ( 129)
Battery
Maintenance instructions
Correct upkeep, recharging and
storage will prolong the life of
the battery and are essential if
warranty claims are to be considered.
Compliance with the points below is important in order to maximise battery life:
Keep the surface of the battery
clean and dry
Do not open the battery
Do not top up with water
Be sure to read and comply
with the instructions for charging the battery on the following pages
Do not turn the battery upside
down
If the battery is not disconnected, the on-board electronics (e.g. clock, etc.) gradually
drain the battery. This can cause
the battery to run flat. If this hap-
BMW Motorrad has developed a float charger specially designed for compatibility
with the electronics of your motorcycle. Using this charger, you
can keep the battery charged
during long periods of disuse,
without having to disconnect the
battery from the motorcycle's
on-board systems. You can obtain additional information from
your authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Charging battery when
connected
systems and connect the charger
directly to the battery.
8
Charging the connected
battery directly at the battery terminals can damage the
vehicle electronics.
Always disconnect the battery
from the on-board circuits before recharging it with a charger
connected directly to the battery
posts.
If you switch on the ignition and the multifunction
display and telltale lights fail to
light up, the battery is completely
flat. Attempting to charge a completely flat battery via the onboard socket can cause damage
to the motorcycle's electronics.
If a battery has discharged to the
extent that it is completely flat, it
has to be disconnected from the
on-board circuits and charged
with the charger connected directly to the battery posts.
127
Only chargers suitable for
this mode of charging can
be used to recharge the battery
via the on-board socket. Unsuitable chargers could cause damage to the motorcycle's on-board
electrics.
Use BMW chargers with the
part numbers 71 60 7 688 864
(220 V) or, as applicable,
71 60 7 688 865 (110 V). If
you are in doubt, disconnect
the battery from the on-board
Charge via the power socket, with the battery connected
to the motorcycle's on-board
electrical system.
The motorcycle's on-board
electronics know when the
battery is fully charged. The
on-board socket is switched off
when this happens.
Maintenance
pens, warranty claims will not be
accepted.
If the motorcycle is to be out of
use for more than four weeks,
disconnect the battery or connect a suitable trickle charger to
the battery.
z
Comply with the operating instructions of the charger.
128
If you are unable to charge
the battery through the onboard socket, you may be using
a charger that is not compatible
with your motorcycle's electronics. If this happens, disconnect
the battery from the on-board
systems and connect the charger
directly to the battery.
Maintenance
8
z
Charging battery when
disconnected
Charge the battery using a
suitable charger.
Comply with the operating instructions of the charger.
Once the battery is fully
charged, disconnect the
charger's terminal clips from
the battery terminals.
The battery has to be recharged at regular intervals
in the course of a lengthy period
of disuse. See the instructions
for caring for your battery. Always fully recharge the battery
before restoring it to use
Removing batterycompartment cover
If it is not standing firmly,
the motorcycle could topple
in the course of the operations
described below.
Always make sure that the
motorcycle is stable and firmly
supported.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Remove screws 1.
Lift battery compartment cover 2 up and forward to remove.
Installing batterycompartment cover
8
Install battery compartment
cover 2.
Install screws 1.
Removing battery
Remove the battery-compartment cover ( 128)
Disconnection in the wrong
sequence increases the risk
of short-circuits.
Always proceed in the correct
sequence.
Disconnect negative battery
lead 1 first.
Then disconnect positive battery lead 2.
Remove screws 3 and pull the
retainer to the rear.
Lift the battery up and out;
work it slightly back and forth
if it is difficult to remove.
Install the battery
Switch off the ignition.
Place the battery in the battery
compartment, positive terminal on the right in the forward
direction of travel.
Maintenance
129
z
Always proceed in the correct
sequence.
8
Maintenance
130
Slip the battery retainer
over the battery and install
screws 3.
z
Installation in the wrong
sequence increases the risk
of short-circuits.
Connect battery positive lead 2
first.
The connect battery negative
lead 1.
Install the battery-compartment
cover ( 129)
Switch on the ignition.
If the battery was disconnected from the motorcycle
for a prolonged period of time
it will be necessary to enter the
current date in the instrument
cluster, in order to ensure that
the service-due indicator functions correctly.
If you want to have the date set
consult a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised BMW
Motorrad dealer.
Fully open the throttle once or
twice.
The engine management system registers the throttle-valve
position.
Set the clock ( 46)
Care
Care
Care products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Washing motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
9
131
Paint care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Protective wax coating . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Laying up motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Restoring motorcycle to use . . . . . . . 134
Care
Cleaning easily damaged components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
z
9
Care
132
z
Care products
BMW Motorrad recommends
that you use the cleaning and
care products you can obtain
from your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer. The substances in
BMW Care Products have been
tested in laboratories and in practice; they provide optimised care
and protection for the materials
used in your vehicle.
The use of unsuitable
cleaning and care products
can damage vehicle components.
Do not use solvents such as cellulose thinners, cold cleaners,
fuel or the like, and do not use
cleaning products that contain
alcohol.
Washing motorcycle
BMW Motorrad recommends
that you use BMW insect remover to soften and wash off
insects and stubborn dirt on
painted parts prior to washing
the motorcycle.
To prevent stains, do not wash
the motorcycle immediately after
it has been exposed to strong
sunlight and do not wash it in the
sun.
Make sure that the motorcycle
is washed frequently, especially
during the winter months.
To remove road salt, clean the
motorcycle with cold water immediately after every trip.
After the motorcycle has
been washed, ridden
through water or ridden in
the rain, the brake discs and
pads might be wet and the
brakes might not take effect
immediately.
Apply the brakes in good time
until the brakes have dried out.
Warm water intensifies the
effect of salt.
Use only cold water to wash off
road salt.
The high pressure of steam
cleaners can damage seals,
the hydraulic brake system, the
electrical system, and the seat.
Do not use a steam jet or highpressure cleaning equipment.
Cleaning easily
damaged components
Plastics
Clean plastic parts with water
and BMW plastic care emulsion.
This includes in particular:
Windscreen and slipstream deflectors
Headlight lens made of plastic
Glass cover of the instrument
cluster
Black, unpainted parts
If plastic parts are cleaned
using unsuitable cleaning
Chrome
Soften stubborn dirt and
insects by covering the affected areas with a wet cloth.
Clean the radiator regularly to
prevent overheating of the engine due to inadequate cooling.
For example, use a garden hose
with low water pressure.
Windscreen
Clean off dirt and insects with a
soft sponge and plenty of water.
Fuel and chemical solvents
attack the material of the
windscreen; the windscreen becomes opaque or dull.
Do not use cleaning agents.
Use plenty of water and BMW
shampoo to clean chrome, particularly if it has been exposed to
road salt. Use chrome polish for
additional treatment.
Radiator
Cooling fins can be bent
easily.
Take care not to bend the fins
when cleaning the radiator.
Rubber
Treat rubber components with
water or BMW rubber-care
products.
Using silicone sprays for
the care of rubber seals can
cause damage.
Do not use silicone sprays or
other care products that contain
silicon.
9
133
Paint care
Washing the motorcycle regularly
will help counteract the long-term
effects of substances that damage the paint, especially if your
motorcycle is ridden in areas
with high air pollution or natural
sources of dirt, for example tree
resin or pollen.
Remove particularly aggressive
substances immediately, however, as otherwise the paint can
be affected or become discoloured. Substances of this nature
include spilt fuel, oil, grease,
brake fluid and bird droppings.
We recommend BMW vehicle
polish or BMW paint cleaner for
this purpose.
Marks on the paintwork are particularly easy to see after the
motorcycle has been washed.
Care
agents, the surfaces can be damaged.
Do not use cleaning agents that
contain alcohol, solvents or abrasives to clean plastic parts.
Even fly-remover pads or cleaning pads with hard surfaces can
produce scratches.
z
9
Care
134
z
Remove stains of this kind immediately, using cleaning-grade
benzene or petroleum spirit on a
clean cloth or ball of cotton wool.
BMW Motorrad recommends
BMW tar remover for removing
specks of tar. Remember to wax
the parts treated in this way.
Protective wax coating
BMW Motorrad recommends
applying only BMW car wax or
products containing carnauba
wax or synthetic wax.
It is time to rewax the paintwork when water "puddles" on
the surface, instead of forming
beads.
Laying up motorcycle
Clean the motorcycle.
Remove the battery.
Spray the brake and clutch
lever pivots and the main and
side stand pivots with a suitable lubricant.
Coat bright metal and chromeplated parts with an acid-free
grease (e.g. Vaseline).
Stand the motorcycle in a dry
room in such a way that there
is no load on either wheel.
Before laying the vehicle
up out of use, have the engine oil and the oil filter element
changed by a specialist workshop, preferably an authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer. Combine work for laying up/restoring
to use with a BMW service or
inspection.
Restoring motorcycle
to use
Remove the protective wax
coating.
Clean the motorcycle.
Install a charged battery.
Before starting: work through
the checklist.
Technical data
Technical data
Troubleshooting chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Threaded fasteners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Riding specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
10
135
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Rear-wheel drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Running gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Wheels and tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Electrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Technical data
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
z
10
Technical data
136
z
Troubleshooting chart
Engine does not start at all or is difficult to start.
Possible cause
Remedy
Kill switch activated.
Kill switch in operating position (run).
Side stand extended and gear engaged.
Retract the side stand (
72).
Gear engaged and clutch not disengaged
Select neutral or pull clutch lever (
Clutch pulled when ignition was OFF
Switch on the ignition, then pull the clutch lever.
72).
No fuel in tank.
Refuelling (
Battery not adequately charged.
Charge the battery when connected (
79)
127)
Threaded fasteners
Value
Valid
137
Front brake caliper to wheel carrier
M8 x 32 - 10.9
30 Nm
Clamping screw for quick-release axle in wheel carrier
M8 x 30
19 Nm
Quick-release axle in threaded
bush
M24 x 1.5
50 Nm
Rear wheel
Value
Rear wheel to wheel flange
M10 x 1.25 x 40
tighten in diagonally opposite sequence
60 Nm
Silencer to rear footrest
M8 x 30
22 Nm
Silencer to manifold
M8 x 60 - 10.9
10
35 Nm
Valid
Technical data
Front wheel
z
10
138
Mirrors
Value
Mirror to clamping piece
M10 x 1.25, left-hand thread
22 Nm
Technical data
Clamping piece to clamping
block
z
M10
25 Nm
Valid
Engine design
Transversely mounted, four-cylinder four-stroke
in-line engine tilted 55° forward, with four valves
per cylinder, two overhead camshafts with cam
followers; liquid cooled, with electronic fuel injection, integrated six-speed cassette gearbox, drysump lubrication.
Displacement
1157 cm3
Cylinder bore
79 mm
Piston stroke
59 mm
Compression ratio
13:1
Nominal output
120 kW, Over: 10250 min-1
with OE Reduced power output, 74 kW:
74 kW, Over: 7000 min-1
with OE Reduced power output, 79 kW:
79 kW, Over: 8750 min-1
Torque
127 Nm, Over: 8250 min-1
with OE Reduced power output, 74 kW:
110 Nm, Over: 5250 min-1
with OE Reduced power output, 79 kW:
103 Nm, Over: 4500 min-1
Maximum engine speed
max 11000 min-1
Idle speed
1150±50 min-1
10
139
Technical data
Engine
z
10
Technical data
140
z
Fuel
Recommended fuel grade
98 ROZ/RON, Premium plus unleaded
95 ROZ/RON, Premium unleaded (fuel grade, usable with power- and consumption-related restrictions)
Usable fuel capacity
19 l
Reserve fuel
≥4 l
Engine oil
Engine oil, capacity
3.5 l, with filter change
0.5 l, Difference between MIN / MAX marks
Lubricant
Castrol GPS 10W-40 (SAE 10W40; API SG;
JASO MA)
Oil grades
Mineral oils of API classification SF through SH.
BMW Motorrad recommends not using oil additives, because they can have a detrimental effect
on clutch operation. Please do not hesitate to
contact your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer
if you have any questions relating the choice of a
suitable engine oil for your motorcycle.
Permissible viscosity classes
SAE 10 W-40
≥-20 °C, Operation at low temperatures
SAE 15 W-40
≥-10 °C
10
141
Clutch type
Multiplate clutch running in oil bath
Transmission
Gearbox type
Claw-shift 6-speed cassette gearbox, integrated
into engine block
Gearbox transmission ratios
1.559
2.294
1.789
1.458
1.240
1.094
0.971
1.045
(92:59
(39:17
(34:19
(35:24
(31:25
(35:32
(33:34
(23:22
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
Primary transmission ratio
1st gear
2nd gear
3rd gear
4th gear
5th gear
6th gear
Angular drive
Technical data
Clutch
z
10
Technical data
142
z
Rear-wheel drive
Type of final drive
Shaft drive with bevel gears
Type of rear suspension
BMW EVO Paralever; cast light-alloy single
swinging arm with two joints and torque reaction
link
Gear ratio of final drive
2.91:1
Running gear
Type of front suspension
Double leading link
Spring travel, front
125 mm, At wheel
Type of rear suspension
Central spring strut pivoted to lever system with
coil spring and single-tube gas-filled shock absorber. Spring preload steplessly hydraulically adjustable, rebound stage damping steplessly adjustable.
with OE Electronic Suspension Adjustment
(ESA):
Spring travel, rear
Central spring strut pivoted to lever system with
coil spring and single-tube gas-filled shock absorber. Spring basic setting three-way adjustable,
compression and rebound stages each three-way
adjustable
135 mm, At wheel
Type of front brake
hydraulically operated twin disc brake with 4-piston fixed calipers and floating brake discs
Brake-pad material, front
Sintered metal
Type of rear brake
Hydraulically operated disc brake with 2-piston
floating caliper and fixed disc
Brake-pad material, rear
Organic material
Wheels and tyres
Tyre combinations recommended at time of going
to press (As at: 24.04.2007)
Front: Bridgestone, BT 020 F L Radial, 120/
70 ZR17 M/C (58W)
Rear: Bridgestone, BT 020 R CC Radial, 180/
55 ZR17 M/C (73W)
with OE Sports wheel:
Front: Bridgestone, BT 014 F Radial F, 120/
70 ZR17 M/C (58W)
Rear: Bridgestone, BT 014 R Radial F, 190/
50 ZR17 M/C (73W)
with OE Sports wheel:
Front: Continental, Conti Sport Attack, 120/
70 ZR17 M/C (58W)
Rear: Continental, Conti Sport Attack C, 190/
50 ZR17 M/C (73W)
10
143
Technical data
Brakes
z
10
Front: Dunlop, D220F ST, 120/70 ZR17 M/C
(58W)
Rear: Dunlop, D220 ST P, 180/55 ZR17 M/C
(73W)
144
Technical data
with OE Sports wheel:
Front, Metzeler, Sportec M-1 B, 120/70 ZR17 M/
C (58W)
Rear, Metzeler, Sportec M-1 B, 190/50 ZR17 M/C
(73W)
Front, Metzeler, Sportec M3 C, 120/70 ZR17 M/C
(58W)
Rear, Metzeler, Sportec M3 C, 180/55 ZR17 M/C
(73W)
Front, Metzeler, Roadtec Z6 K, 120/70 ZR17 M/C
(58W)
Rear, Metzeler, Roadtec Z6 C, 180/55 ZR17 M/C
(73W)
z
with OE Sports wheel:
Front, Michelin, Pilot Power B, 120/70 ZR17 M/C
(58W)
Rear, Michelin, Pilot Power W, 190/50 ZR17 M/C
(73W)
with OE Sports wheel:
Front, Michelin, Pilot Road TL, 120/70 ZR17 M/C
(58W)
Rear, Michelin, Pilot Road R TL, 190/50 ZR17 M/
C (73W)
with OE Sports wheel:
Front, Pirelli, Diabolo E TL, 120/70 ZR17 M/C
(58W)
Rear, Pirelli, Diabolo E TL, 190/50 ZR17 M/C
(73W)
Front wheel
Front wheel, type
Cast aluminium, MT H2
Front wheel rim size
3.50" x 17"
Tyre designation, front
120/70 ZR17
Rear wheel
Rear wheel type
Cast aluminium, MT H2
Rear wheel rim size
5.50" x 17"
with OE Sports wheel:
Tyre designation, rear
with OE Sports wheel:
6.00" x 17"
180/55 ZR17
190/50 ZR17
10
145
Technical data
Front, Michelin, Pilot Road N, 120/70 ZR17 M/C
(58W)
Rear, Michelin, Pilot Road K, 180/55 ZR17 M/C
(73W)
z
10
Technical data
146
Tyre pressure
Tyre pressure, front
2.5 bar, one-up, tyre cold
2.5 bar, two-up and/or with luggage, tyre cold
Tyre pressure, rear
2.9 bar, one-up, tyre cold
2.9 bar, two-up and/or with luggage, tyre cold
Electrics
Electrical rating of on-board socket
max 5 A
Fuses
All circuits are electronically protected, so plugin fuses are no longer necessary. If an electronic
fuse trips and de-energises a circuit, the circuit is
active as soon as the ignition is switched on after
the fault has been rectified.
z
Battery
Battery, manufacturer and designation
Yuasa YTX 14 BS
Battery type
AGM (Absorptive Glass Mat) battery
Battery rated voltage
12 V
Battery rated capacity
14 Ah
Technical data
Spark plugs, manufacturer and designation
NGK KR9CI
Electrode gap of spark plug
0.8 mm, When new
Bulb for high-beam headlight
H7 / 12 V / 55 W
Bulb for low-beam headlight
H7 / 12 V / 55 W
Bulb for parking light
W5W / 12 V / 5 W
Bulb for tail light/brake light
P21W / 12 V / 21 W
Bulbs for flashing turn indicators, front
with OE White turn indicators:
Bulbs for flashing turn indicators, rear
with OE White turn indicators:
R10W / 12 V / 10 W
RY10W / 12 V / 10 W
R10W / 12 V / 10 W
RY10W / 12 V / 10 W
Frame
Frame type
Light alloy weldment with bolt-on tubular steel
rear frame
Type plate location
Frame cross-tube, rear
VIN location
Frame side section, front right
10
147
Technical data
Lighting
z
10
148
Dimensions
Length of motorcycle
2288 mm
Height of motorcycle
1230 mm, At DIN unladen weight
Width of motorcycle
856 mm, Across mirrors
Technical data
Front-seat height
z
with OE Double seat, low:
820 mm, Without rider
790 mm, Without rider
Weights
Unladen weight
237 kg, DIN unladen weight, ready for road, 90 %
load of fuel, without optional extras
Permissible gross weight
450 kg
Maximum payload
max 213 kg
Top speed
>200 km/h
10
149
Technical data
Riding specifications
z
Technical data
10
150
z
Service
Service
BMW Motorrad service . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
BMW Motorrad service quality . . . . . 152
11
151
BMW Motorrad service network . . . 153
Maintenance work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Confirmation of maintenance
work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
Confirmation of service . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Service
BMW Motorrad Service Card: onthe-spot breakdown assistance . . . . 152
z
11
Service
152
z
BMW Motorrad service
Advanced technology requires
specially adapted methods of
maintenance and repair.
If maintenance and repair work is performed inexpertly, it could result in consequential damage and thus constitute a safety risk.
BMW Motorrad recommends you
to have all the associated work
on your motorcycle carried out
by a specialist workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Your authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer can provide information on
BMW services and the work undertaken as part of each service.
Have all maintenance and repair
work carried out confirmed in the
"Service" chapter in this manual.
Authorised BMW Motorrad dealers are supplied with the latest
technical information and have
the necessary technical knowhow. BMW Motorrad recommends that you contact your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer
if you have questions regarding
your motorcycle.
BMW Motorrad service
quality
Along with its reputation for engineering quality and high reliability, BMW Motorrad is a byword
for excellent quality of service.
To ensure that your BMW is always in optimum condition, BMW
Motorrad recommends that you
have the maintenance work required for your motorcycle carried out regularly, preferably by
your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer. For generous treatment of claims submitted after
the warranty period has expired,
evidence of regular maintenance
is essential.
Certain signs of wear, moreover,
may otherwise not be noticed
until it is too late to put them
right at moderate cost. Your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer's
mechanics know every detail of
your motorcycle and can take remedial action if necessary before
minor faults develop into serious
problems. By having the necessary repairs done properly and
in good time, you save time and
money in the long run.
BMW Motorrad Service
Card: on-the-spot
breakdown assistance
In the event of a breakdown, the
BMW Motorrad Service Card issued with each new BMW motorcycle enables you to access
an extensive range of services
such as breakdown assistance,
motorcycle transportation etc.
(details can differ from country to
country). In the event of a break-
BMW Motorrad service
network
BMW Motorrad has an extensive after-sales service network in
place to look after you and your
motorcycle in more than 100
countries. In Germany alone, you
have the best possible access
to approximately 200 authorised
BMW Motorrad dealers.
All information concerning the international dealership network
can be found in the brochure
"Service Contact Europe" or
"Service Contact Africa, America, Asia, Australia, Oceania".
Maintenance work
BMW Pre-delivery Check
Your authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer conducts the BMW predelivery check before handing
over the motorcycle to you.
BMW Running-in Check
The BMW running-in check has
to be performed when the motorcycle has covered between
500 km and 1,200 km
BMW Service
The BMW Service is carried out
once a year; the extent of servicing can vary, depending on the
age of the motorcycle and the
distance it has covered. Your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer
confirms that the service work
has been carried out and enters
the date when the next service
will be due.
Riders who cover long distances
in a year might have to bring in
their motorcycles for service before the next scheduled date. It
is to allow for these cases that
a maximum odometer reading is
entered as well in the confirmation of service. Servicing has to
be brought forward if this odometer reading is reached before
the next scheduled date for the
annual service.
The service-due indicator in the
multifunction display reminds you
about one month or 1000 km
in advance when the time for a
service is approaching, on the
basis of the programmed values.
11
153
Service
down, contact BMW Motorrad's
Mobile Service. The specialists
will provide the necessary advice
and assistance.
You will find important countryspecific contact addresses and
the after-sales service organisation phone numbers in the "Service Kontakt / Service Contact"
brochures, along with information on Mobile Service and the
dealership network.
z
11
BMW Pre-delivery
Check
BMW Running-in
Check
Completed
Completed
on
on
Service
154
Confirmation of maintenance work
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
z
on
or, if logged beforehand,
Odometer reading
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
BMW Service
BMW Service
Completed
Completed
Completed
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
11
155
Service
BMW Service
z
11
Service
156
z
BMW Service
BMW Service
BMW Service
Completed
Completed
Completed
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
BMW Service
BMW Service
Completed
Completed
Completed
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
11
157
Service
BMW Service
z
11
Service
158
z
BMW Service
BMW Service
BMW Service
Completed
Completed
Completed
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
Confirmation of service
The table is intended as a record of maintenance, warranty and repair work, the installation of optional
accessories and, if appropriate, special campaign (recall) work.
Odometer
reading
159
Date
Service
Item
11
z
11
Service
160
z
Item
Odometer
reading
Date
B
Battery
Battery compartment, 13, 128
Charging battery when
connected, 127
Charging battery when
disconnected, 128
Installation, 129
Removal, 129
Technical data, 146
Warning for battery charge
current, 27
Brake fluid
Checking level, front, 13, 103
Checking level, rear, 13, 104
Brake pads
Checking front, 102
Checking rear, 103
Running in, 75
Brakes
Adjusting handbrake lever, 59
Checking operation, 101
Technical data, 143
Bulbs
General instructions, 118
Replacing brake-light bulb, 122
Replacing front turn indicator
bulbs, 124
Replacing high-beam headlight
bulb, 118
Replacing low-beam headlight
bulb, 118
Replacing parking-light
bulb, 120
Replacing rear light bulb, 122
Replacing rear turn indicator
bulbs, 124
Technical data, 147
Warning for bulb failure, 28
C
Case
Adapting, 95
Adjusting, 93
Closing, 92
Installing, 94
Opening, 92
Removing, 93
Checklist, 72
Clock
Adjusting, 46
Clutch
Adjusting clutch lever, 59
Checking level, 11, 105
Checking operation, 105
Technical data, 141
Confirmation of maintenance
work, 154
Coolant
Temperature gauge, 22
Warning, 26
Currency, 7
12
161
Index
A
Abbreviations and symbols, 6
ABS
Self-diagnosis, 74
Warning, 31
Anti-theft alarm, 18
Warning, 42
ASC
Self-diagnosis, 74
Switching off, 58
Switching on, 58
Warning, 35
z
12
Index
162
z
D
Damping
Adjusting, 11, 61
E
Electrics
Technical data, 146
Emergency off switch (kill
switch), 17, 57
Engine
Technical data, 139
Warning for engine
electronics, 26
Engine oil
Checking level, 13, 99
Draining, 101
Topping up, 15, 100
Warning for engine oil level, 31
Warning for engine oil
pressure, 27
Equipment, 7
ESA, 16, 62
EWS, 45
Warning, 26
F
Frame
Technical data, 147
Front-wheel stand, 115
Fuel
Quantity reading, 22
Refuelling, 13, 79
Technical data, 140
Warning for fuel down to
reserve, 26
Fuses, 146
Headlight
Adjustment for driving on left/
driving on right, 65
Beam throw, 66
High-beam headlight, 19
Low-beam headlight, 19
Side light, 19
Helmet holder, 15, 67
High-beam headlight, 16
Horn, 16
G
Gear indicator, 22
Grip heating, 17, 57
I
Ignition
Switching off, 44
Switching on, 44
Immobiliser, 45
Warning, 26
Instrument cluster
Overview, 18
Sensor for instrument-cluster
lighting, 18
H
Handlebar fittings
General view, left side, 16
General view, right side, 17
Hazard warning flashers, 16, 17
Switching off, 56
Switching on, 56
J
Jump starting, 125
Multifunction display, 18
Overview, 22
L
Laying up, 134
Lights
Headlight flasher, 16, 54
High-beam headlight, 54
Low-beam headlight, 54
Parking light, 55
Side light, 54
Luggage
Correct loading, 91
Luggage loops, 68
O
Odometer and tripmeters
Resetting, 48
Selecting readings, 47
On-board computer
Ambient temperature, 50
Average consumption, 51
Average speed, 51
Oil level, 53
Range, 52
Selecting readings, 50
Warning, 29
M
Maintenance
General instructions, 98
Mirrors
Adjusting, 60
Motorcycle
General view, left side, 11
General view, right side, 13
Laying up, 134
Restoring to use, 134
P
Power socket, 11
Pre-ride check, 73
R
Rear-wheel drive
Technical data, 142
Rear-wheel stand, 116
Refuelling, 79
Reserve
Warning, 26
Residual range, 49
Restoring to use, 134
Rev. counter, 18
Rims
Test, 107
Running gear
Technical data, 142
Running in, 75
S
Seat
Installation, 67
Lock, 11
Removal, 66
Service, 152
Status indicators on the
display, 22
Service Card, 152
Side stand
For starting, 72
Spark plugs, 146
Speedometer, 18
12
163
Index
K
Keys, 44
z
12
Index
164
z
Spring preload
Adjusting, 11, 61
Starter, 17
Steering lock
Locking, 45
T
Technical data
Battery, 146
Brakes, 143
Bulbs, 147
Clutch, 141
Electrics, 146
Engine, 139
Frame, 147
Fuel, 140
Rear-wheel drive, 142
Running gear, 142
Spark plugs, 146
Standards, 7
Transmission, 141
Wheels and tyres, 143
Telltale lights, 18
Toolkit, 15
Service kit, 98
Standard kit, 98
Torques, 137
Transmission
For starting, 72
Technical data, 141
Troubleshooting chart, 136
Turn indicators
Left, 16, 55
Right, 17, 55
Switching off, 17, 56
Tyre pressure monitoring RDC
Label on wheel rim, 107
Operation, 53
Status indicators, 53
Warning, 35
Tyres
Checking inflation pressure, 65
Measuring tread depth, 106
Recommended tyres, 107
Running in, 75
Technical data, 143
V
Vehicle identification number, 13
W
Warning lights, 18
Warnings
Mode of presentation, 24
Warnings, overview, 25, 30, 32,
34, 37, 41
Wheels
Installing front wheel, 110
Installing rear wheel, 113
Remove the front wheel, 108
Removing rear wheel, 111
Technical data, 143