Buick ROADMASTER 1996 Owner`s manual

r
The 1996 Buick Roadmaster Owner’s Manual
.............................................................
This section tells you how to use your seats and safety belts properly.
It also explains “SRS” system.
FeaturesandControls ..................................................................
This section explains howto start and operate your Buick.
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems .....................................................
Seats and Restraint Systems
1-1
2-1
3-1
This section tells you how to adjust the ventilation and comfort controls and how to operate your
audio system.
..............................................................
..................................................................
YourDrivingandtheRoad
4-1
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the and
roadhow to drive under different conditions.
ProblemsontheRoad
This section tells you what to do if you have a problem while driving, suchflat
astire
a or
5-1
overheated engine, etc.
............................................................
Maintenanceschedule ..................................................................
This section tells you when to perform vehicle maintenance and what fluids and lubricants to use.
CustomerAssistanceInformation ........................................................
Se~ceandAppearanceCare
6-1
Here the manual tells you how to keep your Buick running properly and looking good.
7-1
8-1
This section tells you how to contact Buick for assistance and how to get service publications.
It also
gives you information on “Reporting Safety Defects” on page
8-7.
Index
................................................................................
9-1
Here’s an alphabetical listingof almost every subjectin this manual.You can use it to quickly find something
you want to read.
i
We support voluntary
technician certification.
1
GM
I
GENERAL MOTORS, GM andthe GM Emblem,
BUICK, the BUICK Emblem and the name
ROADMASTER are registered trademarks
of
General Motors Corporation.
This manual includes thelatest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes in the
product after that time without
further notice. For
vehicles first sold in Canada, substitutethe name
“General Motors of Canada Limited” for Buick Motor
Division whenever it appears in this manual.
so it will be there
Please keep this manual in your Buick,
if you ever needit when you’re onthe road. If you sell
the vehicle, please leave this manual in itso the new
owner can useit.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 25632196 B First Edition
WE SUPPORT
VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN
CERTIFICATION THROUGH
National Institute for
AUTOMOTIVE
SERVICE
EXCELLENCE
For Canadian Owners Who Prefer
a
French Language .Manual:
propriktaires canadiens:Vous pouvez vous
procurer un exemplairede ce guide enfranpis chez
votre concessionaire ou au:
DGN Marketing Services Ltd.
1500 Bonhill Rd.
Mississauga, OntarioL5T IC7
AUX
@CopyrightGeneral Motors Corporation 1995
All Rights Reserved
iii
“valve-in-head” engine, a light, powerful and reliable
engine which would eventually influence
the entire
automotive industry.
William C. Durant was instrumental in promoting
his Durant-Dort
Buicks across the country using
Carriage Co. outlets and salespeople asthe nucleus of a
giant distribution system.He knew the Buick as a
“self-seller.” If automobiles could be this good,
he
thought, maybeit was timeto switch from the horse and
buggy business to automobiles.
Walter Marr and Thomas Buick
Buick’s chief engineer, Walter
L. Marr (left), and
Thomas D. Buick, sonof founder David Dunbar Buick,
drove the first Flint Buickin a successful Flint-Detroit
round tripin July 1904.
David Buick was building gasoline engines by 1899,
and Man, his engineer, apparently built the first auto to
be called a Buick in 1900. However, Buick traditionally
dates its beginnings to 1903. That was the year the
William C. (Billy)Durant
company was reorganized, refinanced
and moved frgm
Detroit to Flint. Buick has always been a product
innovator. Buick engineers developed the
iv
At the 1905 NewYork
Auto Show, Durant took
orders for 1,000 Buicks
before the company had
‘built 40. On Buick’s
success, Durant created a
holding company,
September 16, 1908.He
called it General Motors.
Durant also created a racing team that won500 racing
trophes in 1909 and 1910, including successes at
Indianapolis two years before the Indy 500 began.
The success of Buick engines was visible not only on
the race track, but in endurance tests across the country
and around the world. Buick was the only car to
complete a 1,000-mile Chicago-to-New York race in
1906. And a Buick was the firstcar to travel across
South America, driven from Buenos Aires, Argentina,
over the Andes to Santiago, Chile in 1914.
Buick drew plentyof attention because it could climb
hills and run through mud like no other car. Buick’s
endurance and reliability were worldfamous.
During World War I, Buick built Liberty aircraft engines
as well as Red Cross ambulancesso successfully that
one Buick ambulance was awardedthe Croix de Guerre
by the French government.
As a builder of premier automobiles, Buick was hardhit
by the Great Depression. However, new General
Manager Harlow H.Curtice created popular new models
including the Special and the Roadmaster. Buick sales
soon flourished.
I
1911 Model 21 Touring Cur on h i m s Test Hill
First Buick Factory
V
Y.
I
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
not be covered by your warranty, and
it could be costly.
But the notice will tell you what to do to help avoid
the damage.
I NOTICE:
When you read other manuals,
you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warningsin different colors
or in different words.
Vehicle Damage Warnings
These mean thereis something that could
damage your vehicle.
~
~
You’ll also see warning labels on yourvehicle. They use
the same words CAUTION or NOTICE.
-
In the notice area, we tell you about something that can
damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage would
ix
Vehicle Symbols
These are someof the symbols you mayfind on your vehicle.
I
For example,
these symbols
are used on an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
A
These symbols
are important
for you and
your passengers
whenever your
vehicle is
driven:
DOOR LOCK
UNLOCK
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
CAUSTIC
BATTERY
ACID COULD
CAUSE
BURNS
These symbols
have to do with
your lights:
These symbols
are on some of
your controls:
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
WINDSHIELD
WIPER
TURN
SIGNALS
COOLANT
TEMP
e
BATTERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
WINDSHIELD
DEFROSTER
FASTEN
SEAT
BELTS
I-1
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BATTERY
x
POWER
WINDOW
,111,
DAYTIME
RUNNING
LAMPS
FOG LAMPS
FUSE
LIGHTER
(0) k3
SPEAKER
.'**D*o
e,
#0
(@)
WINDOW
DEFOGGER
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
"'
VENTILATING
FAN
I
n
HORN
BRAKE
COOLANT
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
ANTI-LOCK
BRAKES
FUEL
c>
rn
NOTES
xi
NOTES
,'
Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
.
..
,
Power Seat (Option)
Power Lumbar (Option)
The power seat controls are located on the armrest.
Press the LUMBAR switch forward toincrease lumbar
support. Press it rearward todecrease lumbar support.
Raise the front of the seat by pressing the left side of the
front switch. Press theright side of this switch to lower
the front of the seat.
Move the seat forward orback by pressing and holding
FWD or BACK. Raise the seat by pressing and holding
UP. Press and holdDN to lower the seat.
Press and holdthe left sideof the rearswitch toraise the
rear of the seat. Press and holdthe right side of this
switch to lower the rear of the seat.
1-2
Memory Seat (Option)
When your Roadmaster isin PARK (P), press the same
side of the MEMORY control to recall the seat setting.
Program the memory seat for an additional driver
following the preceding steps, but press the other side of
the memory control.
The EXIT button allows you toget out of your vehicle
more easily.
If you select the wrong side of the MEMORY control or
the EXIT button, you can cancel it by pressing any of
the power seatswitches.
Heated Seats (Option)
If your vehicle has this feature, the switch is near the
LUMBAR control. It has two warming positions:HI and
LO. Move the switch to OFF to turn thisfeature off.
To program the memory seat:
1. Make sure the vehicle is in PARK (P).
2. Adjust the driver’s seat the way you want it.
3. Press the SETbutton.
Power Recliner (Option)
This switch is on the side of the seat. Press this switch
rearward to movethe seatback down to a reclined
position. Press it forward to movethe seatback to an
upright position.
4. Press the left or right side of the MEMORY control
and yourseating position is programmed.
1-3
Reclining Front Seatbacks
To adjust the seatback, lift
the lever on the outerside
of the seat and move the
seatback to where you want
it. Release thelever to lock
the seatback. Pull up on the
lever and the seat will go to
an uprightposition.
But don’thave a seatback reclinedif your vehicle
is moving.
1-4
*
Head Restraints
3
Sitting in a reclined position whenyour vehicle is
in motion can be dangerous. Evenif you buckle
up, your safety belts can’tdo their job when
you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’tdo its job because it
won’t be against your body. Instead, it will be in
front of you. In a crash you could gointo it,
receiving neckor other injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash the
belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would bethere, not at your pelvic bones.
This could causeserious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle
is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then well
sit
back inthe seat and wear your safety belt properly.
Slide the head restraint
up or down so that the topof the
restraint is closest to the top
of your ears. This position
reduces the chanceof a neckinjury in a crash.
On some models, the head restraints tilt forward and
rearward also.
Wagon Foldine Seatback:
The second and thiru seats
01 your station wagon have
seatbacks thatcan be folded down to provide more
cargo space.
Second Seatback
Third Seatback
To fold the seatback down:
1. Press the knob next to the seatback on the
passenger side.
The third seatis folded flatin the tailgate area of your
station wagon.
To raise the seatback:
1. Open the tailgate.
2. Lift the storage
compartment lid and
fold it back so that it
lies flat.
2. Pull the seatback forward and pushit down.
To raise the seatback:
1. Pull the seatback up and push
it back to lockit
into place.
2. Push and pull the topof the seatback to be sureit is
locked in position.
1-6
3. Pull the seat release
handle in the lower
right comer of the
storage compartment.
The seatback is
now unlocked.
To lower the seatback:
1. Pull the seat release handle to unlock the seatback.
2. Pull the seatback down
using the assist strap,
then push down onit to
lock it into place.
4. Pull the seatback up and push it back into place.
5. Push and pull the top of the seatback to be sure it is
locked into position.
3. Fold the storage lid down. Makesure it is secure.
1-7
Safety Belts:They’re for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells yousome things you should not do
with safety belts.
Your vehicle hasa light
that comeson as a reminder
to buckle up. (See “Safety
Belt Reminder Light”in
the Index.)
And it explains the Supplemental Restraint System
(SRS), or air bag system.
I
Don’t let anyone ride where
he or she can’twear
a safety belt properly. you
If are in a crash and
you’re not wearinga safety belt, your injuries
can be muchworse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejectedfrom it. You can be seriously
injured orkilled. In the same crash,you might
not be if you are buckled up. Always fasten your
safety belt,and check that your
passengers’ belts
are fastened properlytoo.
In most states and Canadian provinces,
the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why:
They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you
do have a
crash, you don’t know
if it will be a bad one,
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes cansobe
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than25 years of safety beltsin vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter ... a lot!
1-8
Why Safety BeltsWork
When you ride in or on anything, you go asfast as
it goes.
Put someone onit.
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it's just a seat
on wheels.
1-9
I
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle.
The rider
doesn’t stop.
The person keeps going until stopped
by something.
In a real vehicle,it could be the windshield...
or the instrument panel ...
or the safetybelts !
With safety belts, you slow downas the vehicle does.
You get more time tostop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such goodsense.
1-11
Here Are Questions Many PeopleAsk
About Safety Belts-- and the Answers
Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance of
being conscious during and after an accident,
so
you can unbuckle andget out, is much greater if
you are belted.
&.’ If my vehicle has air bags, why should
I have to
wear safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will
be in most of themin the future. But theyare
supplemental systems only;so they work with
safety belts-- not insteadof them. Every air bag
system ever offeredfor sale has required the useof
safety belts. Evenif you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
1-12
If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but
if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault-- you and
your passengerscan be hurt. Beinga good dnver
doesn’t protect youfrom things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within25 miles (40 km)of
home. And the greatest number of serious injuries
and deaths occur at speeds of less than
40 mph
(65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that thereare special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different rules
for
smaller children and babies.
If a child will be riding in
your Buick, seethe part of this manual called “Children.”
Follow those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver I Isition
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lapshoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear
it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat (to seehow, see “Seats” in the Index)
so you can sit up straight.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t letit get twisted.
The shoulder belt maylock if you pull the belt across
you very quickly.If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until
it clicks.
Make surethe release buttonon the buckleis Positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety
blelt quickly
if you ever had to.
If the belt stops before
it reaches the buckle,tilt the latch
plate and keep pulling until you can buckle
the belt.
5. To make the lap part tight, pull down on
the buckle
Pull upon the latch plate to make sure
it is secure.
end of the belt as you pull up the
on shoulder belt.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt Extender”
at the endof this section.
1-14
The lap part of the belt should be wornlow and snugon
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strongpelvic bones. And you’d be less
likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the
belt would apply force at your abdomen.This could
cause serious or evenfatal injuries. The shoulder belt
should go over the shoulder and across the chest.
These parts of the body are best ableto take belt
restraining forces.
The safety beltlocks if there’s a sudden stop or crash, or
if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-15
&= What’s wrong with this?
1
You can be seriously hurt
if your shoulder belt
is
too loose.In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
I
A:
The shoulder beltis too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protectionthis way.
Q:
What's wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled inthe wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen. The belt
forces wouldbe there, not at thepelvic bones. This
could cause seriousinternal injuries. Always
buckle your belt into thebuckle nearest you.
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-17
&= What’s wrong with this?
You can be seriously injuredif you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In
a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chanceof head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to the
ribs, which aren’tas strong as shoulder
bones.
You could alsoseverely injure internal organs
like your liveror spleen.
A:
The shoulder beltis worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
Qt What's wrong with this?
mYou can be seriously injured by a twisted belt. In
a crash, you wouldn't have the full width of the
belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is twisted,
make it straightso it can work properly,
or ask
your dealer tofix it.
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
1-19
Supplemental Restraint System(SRS)
This part explains the Supplemental Restraint System
(SRS) or air bag system.
Your Buick has two air bags
-- one air bag for the driver
and another air bag
for the rightfront passenger.
the air
Here are the most important things to know about
bag system:
YJ i
i
To unlatch the belt,just push the buttonon the buckle.
The belt shouldgo back out of the way.
is out of the
Before you close the door, be sure the belt
way. If you slam the door onit, you can damage both the
belt and your vehicle.
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash if
you aren’t wearing your safety
belt -- even if you
have an air bag. Wearing yoursafety belt during a
crash helps reduce your chance
of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected fromit. The air
bag is only a “supplemental restraint.’’ That is, it
works withsafety belts but doesn’t replace them.
CAUTION: (Continued)
I
CAUTION:(Continued)
Air bags are designed to workonly in moderate to
severe crashes where thefi-ont of your vehicle hits
something. They aren’t designed to inflateat all in
rollover, rear, sideor low-speed frontal crashes.
Everyone in yourvehicle, including the driver,
should wear a safety belt properly -- whether or
not there’s an air bag for thatperson.
A CAUTION:
Air bags inflate with great force, faster than the
blink of an eye. If you’re tooclose to an inflating
air bag, it could seriously injure
you. Safety belts
help keep you in position for anair bag inflation
in a crash.Always wear your safety belt,
even
with an air bag. The driver should sit
as far
back aspossible while stillmaintaining control
of the vehicle.
An inflating air bag can seriously injure small
children. Always secure children properly in your
vehicle. To read how, see the partof this manual
called “Children” and the caution label
on the
right frontpassenger’s safety belt.
AIR
BAG
There is an air bag
readiness light on the
instrument panel, which
shows AIR BAG.
The system checksthe air bag’s electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See “Air Bag ReadinessLight” in the Index
for more information.
1-21
How the Air Bag System Works
The right front passenger’s air bag is in the instrument
panel on the passenger’sside.
Where is the air bag?
The driver’s air bag is inthe middle of the steering wheel.
:
1-22
’ A CAUTION:
PDon’t put anything on, or attach anything to, the
steering wheel or instrument panel. Also, don’t
put anything (such as pets or objects) between
any occupant and the steering wheel or
instrument panel. If something is between an
occupant and an air bag, it could affect the
performance of the air bag or worse, it could
cause injury.
9-
When should an air bag inflate?
The air bag is designed to inflate in moderate to severe
frontal or near-frontal crashes.The airbag will inflate
only if the impact speedis above the system’s designed
“threshold level.”If your vehicle goes straightinto a
wall that doesn’t moveor deform, the thresholdlevel is
about 9 to 15 mph (14 to 24 km/h). The threshold level
can vary, however, with specific vehicle design,
so that
it can be somewhat aboveor below this range. If your
vehicle strikes something that will move or deform, such
as a parked car,the threshold level willbe higher. The
air bagis not designedto inflate in rollovers, side
impacts or rear impacts, because inflation would not
help the occupant.
In any particular crash, noone can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because
of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were.
Inflation is determined by theangle of the impact and
the vehicle’s deceleration. Vehicle damage is only
one
indication of this.
What makes an air bag inflate?
In a frontal or near-frontal impact
of sufficient severity,
the air bag sensing system detects that the vehicle
is
suddenly stopping as a result
of a crash. The sensing
system triggers a chemical reaction of the sodium azide
sealed in the inflator.The reaction produces nitrogen
gas, which inflates the air bag.
The inflator, air bag and
related hardware are all partof the air bag modules
packed inside the steering wheel andin the instrument
panel infront of the right front passenger.
1-23
How does an air bag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or I
the instrument panel. The air bag supplements the
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the air.
protection provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute
This dust could cause breathing problems for
the force of the impact more evenly over the occupant’s
people with a history of asthma or other
upper body, stopping the occupant more gradually. But
breathing trouble.To avoid this, everyone in the
air bags would not help you in many types
of collisions,
vehicle should get out
as soon as it is safe to so.
do
including rollovers, rear impacts and side impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward the If you have breathing problems but can’t get out
of the vehicle after an air bag inflates, then get
air bag. Air bags should never be regarded as
anythng
fresh airby opening a window or door.
more than a supplement to safety belts, and then only in
moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions.
What will you see after an air
bag inflates?
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
After the air bag inflates,
it quickly deflates.This occurs
so quickly thatsome people may not even realize the air Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the
bag inflated. Some components of the air bag module in right front passenger air bag.
the steering wheel hubfor the driver’s air bag,or the
The air bags are designed to inflate only’ once. After
instrument panel forthe right front passenger’s bag, will
they inflate, you’ll need some new parts
for your air
be hot for a short time.
The part of the bag that comes
bag system.If you don’t get them, the air bag
system
into contact with you may be warm, but
it will never be
won’t be there to help protect
you in another crash.
too hot to touch. Therewill be some smoke and dust
A new system will include air bag modules and
coming from vents in the deflated
air bags. Air bag
possibly other parts.The service manual for your
inflation will not prevent the driver from seeing
or from
vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
being able to steer the vehicle, nor will
it stop people
from leaving the vehicle.
1-24
0
0
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing
and diagnostic module, which recordsinformation
about the air bag system. The module records
information about the readiness of the system,
when the sensors are activated and dnver’s safety
belt usage at deployment.
Air bagsaffect how your Buick should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag system in several places
around yourvehicle. You don’t want the systemta.
inflate while someoneis working on yourvehicle. Tour
Buick dealer and the Roadmaster Service Manual have
information about servicing your vehicle andthe air bag
system. To purchase a service manual, see “Service and
Owner Publications”in the Index.
Let only qualified technicians work on your
air bagsystem. Improper service can mean that
your air bagsystem won’t work properly.See your
dealer for service.
NOTICE:
For up to10 seconds after the ignitionkey is
turned off and the batteryis disconnected, an air
bag can still inflate during improper
service. You
can be injured if you are close to anair bag when
it inflates. Avoid wires wrapped with
yellow tape
or yellow connectors. Theyare probably part
of
the air bagsystem. Be sure tofollow proper
service procedures, and make sure the person
performing work foryou is qualified to doso.
If you damage thecover for the driver’s or the
right frontpassenger’s air bag, they may not
work properly.You may have to replace the
air
bag modulein the steering wheel
or both theair
bag module and the instrument panel for the
right frontpassenger’s air bag. Do not openor
break theair bag covers.
1
L
The air bag system does not needregular maintenance.
1-25
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, theyare more likely to be
seriously injuredif they don’t wear safety belts.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion shouldbe worn as low as possible, below
the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
The bestway to protect the fetusis to protect the
mother. When a safety beltis worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effectiveis wearing them properly.
Right Front PassengerPosition
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt.See “Driver Position,”
earlier in this section.
1-26
Center Passenger Position and Any
Station Wagon Third Seat Passenger
Position
U
When you sit in a center seating position in
ora station
wagon third seat,you have a lap safety belt, which has
no retractor.To make the belt longer,tilt the latch plate
and pull italong the belt.
Lap BeIt
If your vehicle has afront split seat and a rear bench
seat, someonecan sit in thecenter positions.
1-27
Rear Seat Passengers
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up!
Accident statistics show that unbelted people
in the rear
seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are
wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others
in the vehicle whoare wearing safety belts.
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
To make thebelt shorter, pull itsfree end as shown until
the belt is snug.
Buckle, position and releaseit the sameway as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt.If the belt isn’t long enough,
see “Safety Belt Extender”
at the endof this section.
Make sure the release button
on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to wearone properly.
2. Push the latch plateinto the buckle until it clicks.
1. Pick up the latch plate andpull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
If the belt stops beforeit reaches the buckle, tilt the latch
The shoulder belt may lockif you pull the belt across plate and keep pulling until you
can buckle it.
you very quickly.If this happens,let the belt go back
Pull up on the latch plateto make sure it is secure.
slightly to unlockit. Then pullthe belt across you
more slowly.
If the belt is not long enough, see “Safety Belt Extender”
at the end oft h s section. Make sure the release button on
the buckle is positionedso you would be ableto unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-29
I
8.
-
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle The lap part of the belt should be
worn low and snug on
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part. the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash,
this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt.
If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen.
This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able totake belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locksif there’s a sudden stop or a crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-30
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needsprotection! That includes
infants and all children smaller thanadult size. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in every
Canadian province says children up to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
You can be seriouslyhurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would moveforward
too much, which couldincrease injury. The
shoulder beIt shouldfit against your body.
Smaller Children and Babies
Smaller children and babies should always be
restrained in a child or infant restraint. The
instructions for the restraint will say whether it is
the right type and size for your child. A very
young child’s hip bones are so small that a
regular belt might not stay low on the hips, as it
should. Instead, the belt will likely be overthe
child’s abdomen.In a crash, the belt would apply
force right on the child’s abdomen, which could
cause serious or fatal injuries. So, be sure that
any child small enough
for one is alwaysproperly
restrained in a child or infant restraint.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the bu ~
1-31
I
at only 25 mph (40 km/h), a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby
will suddenly become a 240-lb. (110kg) force on
your arms. The baby
would be almostimpossible
to hold.
Secure the baby in an infant restraint.
Never hold a baby in your arms
while riding ina
vehicle. A baby doesn’tweigh much until a
crash. Duringa crash a baby will become so
heavy you can’t holdit. For example, in a crash
CAUTION: (Continued)
--
1-32
Child Restraints
Be sure the child restraint is designed to’be used in a
vehicle. If it is, itwill have a label saying thatit meets
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself orin a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within
the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury.
The instructions that come with the infant or child
restraint will show you howto do that.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics showthat children are safer if they
are restrained in therear rather than the front seat. We at
General Motors therefore recommend that you put your
child restraint in the rear seat. Never put a rear-facing
child restraint in the front passenger seat. Here’s why:
‘A
CAUTION:
I
A child in a rearfacing child restraint can be
seriously injured if the right frontpassenger’s air
bag inflates.This is becausethe back of a
rearfacing child restraint would be very closeto
the inflating air bag. Always secure a rearfacing
child restraint in the rear seat.
You may, however,secure a forward-facing child
restraint in the right front seat. Before you secure
a forward-facing child restraint, always movethe
front passenger seat as far back as it will go. Or,
secure the child restraint in the rear seat.
1-33
If you wantto use a child restraint with a top strap in the
second seat of a station wagon, have your dealer install a
combination anchor-tether belt to whch the top strap
can be hooked.
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position
For cars first sold in Canada, child restraints with a top
strap must be anchored according toCanadian law.
For sedans first sold in Canada, your dealer can obtain
the hardware kit and install it foryou, or you mayinstall
it yourself usingthe instructions provided in thekit.
Use the tether hardware kit available from the dealer.
The hardware and installation instructions were
specifically designed for this vehicle.
Station wagons first sold inCanada already have a
combination anchor-tether beltinstalled for each
position on the second seat. These belts are attached to
the anchors for the third seat safety belts. The child
restraint top strap shouldbe hooked to one of these
combination anchor-tether belts.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See theearlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
1. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for thechild restraint.
2. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and runthe lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
1-35
4. Buckle the belt.Make sure the release buttonis
positioned so you would be ableto uilb;dckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Center
Rear Seat Position
You’ll be using the lap belt.
5. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt while
you push down onthe child restraint.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
A child in a child restraint in the center front.scat
can be badly injured by the right frontpassenger
air bag if it inflates. Neversecure a child restraint
in the center front seat. It’s alwaysbetter to
secure a child restraint inthe rear seat. You may,
however, secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right frontpassenger seat,but only with
the seat moved all the way back.
See the earlier part about the top strap if the child
restraint has one.
1-37
6.
7 . Push and pullthe child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure. If it isn’t, secure the
restraint in a different place in thevehicle and
contact the child restraint maker for their advice
about how to attach the child restraint properly.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt. It will be ready to workfor an adult or larger
child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
Your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag. Never
put a rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why:
A child in arearfacing child restraint can be
seriously injuredif the right front passenger’s
air bag inflates. This
is because the back of a
rear-facing child restraint would be very close to
the inflating air bag. Always secure
a rearfacing
child restraint in the rear seat.
~~
You’ll be usingthe lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the topstrap if the child restraint has one.
1. Because your vehicle has a right frontpassenger air
bag, always move the seat as far back as it will go
before securing a forward-facing child restraint. (See
“Seats” in the Index.)
2. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
3. Secure the child inthe child restraint as the
instructions say.
4. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
1-39
Accident statistics show that children are safer
if they
are restrained inthe rear seat. But they need to use
the
safety belts properly.
Children who aren’t buckled upcan be thrown out in
a crash.
Children who aren’t buckled upcan strike other
people whoare.
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same
belt.
The belt can’t properly spread the impact
forces.
In a crash, thetwo children canbe crushed
together andseriously injured. A belt mustbe
used by only one personat atime.
&= What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but thechild is so small that the shoulder belt
is
very close to thechild’s face or neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center
of the vehicle, but
be sure that the shoulder belt still
is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper body
would have the restraint that belts provide. If the
child is so small that the shoulder belt
is still very
close to the child’s face
or neck, you might want to
place the child in the center seat position,
the one
that has only a lap belt.
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting ina seat that hasa
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part
is behind
the child. If thechild wears the beltin this way, in
a crash the child might slide under belt.
the The
belt’s force would then be applied righton the
child’s abdomen. Thatcould cause serious or
fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion
of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips,
just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
1-43
Safety Belt Extender
Checking Your Restraint Systems
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should useit.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When go
you
in to orderit, take the heaviest coat you will wear,
so the
extender will be long enough for you.
The extender will
be just for you, andjust forthe seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let someone else use
it, and useit
only for the seatit is made tofit. To wear it, just attach it
to the regular safety belt.
Now and then,make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors
and
anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts.
If you see
anything that might keep
a safety belt systemfrom
doing itsjob, have it repaired.
1-44
a
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you
in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces.
If a beltis
torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve hada crash, do you need newbelts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would beif worn
during a more severe crash, then you need newbelts.
If you ever see a label on the driver’s or the right front
passenger’s safety beltthat says to replace the belt, be
sure to do so. Then the new belt will be there to help
protect you in a collision. You would see this label on
the belt near the door opening.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will needto have safety belt
or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs
may be necessary even if
the belt wasn’t being used
at
the time of the collision.
If an air baginflates, you’ll need toreplace air bag
system parts. See the part onthe air bag systemearlier in
this section.
1-45
~~
NOTES
Section 2 Features and Controls
Here youcan learn about the many standard and
optional features on your Buick, and informationon
starting, shifting and braking. Also explainedare the
instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you
if
everything is working properly -- and whatto do if you
have a problem.
Keys
Leaving young childrenm a vehicle with the
ignition keyis dangerous for many reasons.A child
or others could be badly injured or even killed.
They could operate power windows or other
controls or even make the vehicle move. Don't
leave the keys in
a vehicle with young children.
2-1
The square key is for
the ignition only.It has
a bar code attached,
Your dealer or qualified
locksmith can make
extra ignition keys
by reading the bar
code tag.
The oval keyis for the
doors and all other locks.
Your door key has a plug.
When a new Buickis
delivered, the dealer
removes the plugfrom the
key, and givesit to the first
owner. Each plug has a code
on it that tells your dealeror
a qualified locksmith how
to make extra keys.
There are 15 alternative ignition PASS-Key@
I1 blanks
to help discourage theft. Keep the bar
code tag and the
door key plugin a safe place.If you lose your keys, you
will be able to have new ones made easily using the plug
or number on the bar
code tag.
NOTICE:
Your Buick has a number
of new features that
can help prevent theft. But you can have
a lot
of trouble getting into your vehicle
if you ever
lock your keys inside.You may even have to
damage your vehicle to get
in.So be m e you
have extra keys.
To lock the doorfrom
the inside, slide the lock
control down.
Door Locks
-
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
Passengers -- especially children .- can easily
open the doors andfall out. Whena door is
locked, the inside handlme won’t open it.
Outsiders caneasily enter throughan nolocked
door when you slowdown or stop your vehicle.
This may not be so obvious: You increase the
chance of being thrown outof the vehicle in a
crash if the doors aren’tlocked. Wear safety belts
l
ibe far
properly, lock your doors, and you w
better off whenever you drive your vehicle.
To unlock the door,slide the
lock control up.
Power Door Locks
Press the power door lock switch to lockor unlock all
the doors at once.
There are several ways to lock and unlock yourvehicle.
From the outside, use your door key or Keyless Entry
System, if you have this option.
2-3
Programmable AutomaticDoor Locks
(Option)
Rear Door Security Lock
If you have automatic door locks,close your doors,
turn on the ignition and move your shift lever
out of
PARK (P). All the doors will lock. If someone needs to
get out while you’re in a drive position, have that person
use the manualor power lock.If you have your foot on
the brake, the door(s) will lock automatically.
Your Buick is equipped
with rear door security
locks that help prevent
passengers from opening
the rear doorsof your
vehicle from the inside.
When you stop and move your shift lever into
PARK (P), your doors will unlock.
You can have the automaticdoor lock feature
programmed to remain locked after you shift into
PARK (P). See your Buick dealer
if you want the
automatic door locks reprogrammed.
To use oneof these locks:
1. Move the lever to the engaged position.
2. Close the door.
3. Do the same thing to the other rear door lock.
The rear doors of your vehicle cannot be openedfrom
inside when this feature is in use. If you want toopen a
rear door whenthe security lock is on:
Remote Keyless Entry System
(Option)
1. Unlock the door from the inside.
2. Then open the door from the outside.
If you don’t cancel the security lock feature, adults or
older children who ride in the rear won’t beable to open
the rear door from the inside. You should let adults and
older children know how these security locks work, and
how to cancel the locks.
To cancel the rear doorlock:
1. Unlock the door from the inside and open the door
from the outside.
2. Move the lever down.
3. Do the same for the other rear door.
The rear door locks will now work normally.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, take your keys, open your
door and set the locks from inside. Then get out and
close the door.
If your Buick has this option, you can lock and unlock
your doors or unlock yourtrunk or tailgate from up to
30 feet (9 m) using the key chain transmitter supplied
with your vehicle.
Your Remote Keyless Entry system operateson a radio
frequency subject toFederal Communications
Commission (FCC)Rules.
2-5
This device complies with Part
15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device must accept any interference received,
includmg interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Should interference to this system
OCCUT, try this:
0
Check to determineif battery replacementis
necessary. See the instructions on battery
replacement.
0
Check the distance.You may be too far from your
vehicle. This product has a maximum range.
0
Check the location. Other vehiclesor objects may be
blocking the signal.
0
See your Buick dealer or a qualified technician
for service.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
Operation
The driver’s doorwdl unlock when UNLOCKis
pressed. Pressit again quickly and all the doors will
unlock. The door courtesy lamps willalso come on.All
doors will lock when DOOR
is pressed. The trunk or
tailgate will unlock when the opened trunk symbol
is
pressed, but only when the transmission
is in PARK (P).
Matching Transmitter(@To Your Vehicle
Each key chain transmitter
is coded to prevent another
transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter
is lost or stolen,a replacement can be purchased through
your dealer. Remember to bring any remaining
transmitters withyou when you go to your dealer. When
the dealer matchesthe replacement transmitter toyour
vehicle, any remaining transmitters must also be
matched. Once the new transmitter
is coded, the lost
transmitter will not unlock your vehicle. Each vehicle
can have only two transmitters matched toit.
Battery l.,,,acernent
Under normal use,the batteries in your keychain
transmitter should last about two years.
You can tell the batteries are weak if the transmitter
won’t workat the normalrange in any location. If you
have to get close to yourvehicle before the transmitter
works, it’s probablytime to change the batteries.
For battery replacement, use two Duracella batteries,
type DL-2016, or a similar type.
To replace the batteries:
1. If your transmitter hasa screw, remove the screw
from the back cover.If there is no screw, carefully
pry off the coverby inserting a dime (or similar
object) in the slot between the covers and twisting.
2. Lift off the front cover, bottom halffirst.
3. Remove and replace the batteries. Put themin as
indicated by the directions underthe batteries.
4. Replace thefront cover. Make sure the coveris on
tightly, so water won’t getin. Replace the screw in
the back cover,if there is one. If there is no screw,
snap together.
5. Check theoperation of the transmitter.
2-7
Trunk
Remote Trunk Release
The security switchin the
glove box must be
ON €or
the TRUNK button to work.
I t can be dangerous to drive with trunk
the lid
open becausecarbon monoxide (CO) gas can
come into yourvehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousnessand even death.
If you must drive with the trunk
lid openor if
electrical wiringor other cableconnections must
pass through the seal between the
body and the
trunk lid:
Make sure allwindows are shut.
Turn the fanon your heating orcooling
system to its highest speed with
the setting
on VENT. That will force outsideair into
your vehicle. See “Comfort Controls” in the
Index.
If you have air outlets onor under the
instrument panel, open them all way.
the
See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
2-8
When the tnxnk security
switch is turned OFF, the
trunk can only be opened
with the keyor the optional
Remote Keyless Entry
system.
~
..~..
..
_.
.
‘TheTRUNK buttonis to
the left of the steering
column. Pressit to open the
trunk from inside your
vehicle.
Tailgate
Tailgate Operation (Wagon)
The tailgate can be openedlike a regular door orlike a
drop-gate.
The tailgate and tailgate window must first be unlocked.
The tailgate is unlocked by usingthe power door lock
It can be dangerous to drive with the tailgate or controls, the oval key in the lock orthe optional Remote
rear window open because carbon monoxide
Keyless Entry system.
(CO) gascan come into yourvehicle. You can’t
Once the tailgate has been
see or smell CO. It can cause unconsciousness
unlocked, you can unlatch
and even death.
he tailgate window by
If you must drive with the tailgate or rear
mshing the key cylinder
window openor if electrical wiringor other cable
iutton all theway in. Then
connections must pass through the seal between
raise the window.
the body and the tailgate
or rearwindow:
0 Make sure all windows are shut.
0 Turn the fan on your heating or
cooling
system to its highest speed with the setting
on VENT. That will force outsideair into
your vehicle. See “Comfort Controls” in
the Index.
0 If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the
way.
See “Engine Exhaust’’ inthe Index.
I
To open the tailgatelike a regular door, pullup on the
handle thatis near theend of the tailgate, on the
passenger side.
To open it like a drop-gate,just reach inside and pull up
on the handle that is located near the center
of the
tailgate. Lower the tailgate all the
way down.
If the tailgateon your vehicle does not open as a
drop-gate, it may notbe fully latched as a door.
Your
GATE AJAR light will be onif the tailgate isn’t
completely closed as a door.
Remote Tailgate Release (Wagon)
The tailgate is designed not to open as a drop-gate when
it isalready open as a door. Also,
the tailgate will not
open as a door whenit is already open as a drop-gate.
Check to see if the tailgate is unlocked, then open and
close it as a door untilthe lower latch closes,and the
GATE AJAR light goesout.
You can lock the tailgate by insertingthe oval key in the
lock and turning it clockwise or pressing down on the
lock control nearthe passenger end of the tailgate. To
close the window, pullit down against the tailgate and
press firmly untilit latches.
Press the topof the REAR WINDOW switch to unlock
the rear window only when the vehicle
is in PARK (P)
or NEUTRAL (N). You can also unlock the rear window
by using the oval keyin the lock near the window. This
also unlocks the tailgate.
Trunk Lid Automatic Pull-Down Feature
(Option)
A CAUTION:
Your car may have an automatic pull-down
feature that helps close the trunk electronically.
Your fingers can be trapped under the trunk lid
as it goes down.Your fingers could be injured,
and you would need someone to help you free
them. Keep your fingers away from the trunk lid
as you close it and
as it is going down.
Theft
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your Buick has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put itoncan makeit
impossible to steal. However, there are ways you
can help.
Key in the Ignition
If you leave your vehicle with the
keys inside, it’s an
easy target forjoy riders or professional thieves-- so
don’t do it.
3 13
When you park your Buick and open the driver’s
door, you’ll heara chime reminding you to remove your
key from the ignition and take
it with you. Alwaysdo
this. Your steering wheel will be locked, and
so will
your ignition and transmission. And remember
to lock
the doors.
Parking at Night
Park in a lighted spot, closeall windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out
of sight.
Put them in a storage area,
OT take them withyou.
Parking Lots
If you park ina lot where someone willbe watching
your vehicle, it’s best to lock
it up and take your keys.
But whatif you have to leave your ignition key? What if
you have to leave something valuable in your vehicle?
0 Put your valuables in a storage area, like yourtrunk
or glove box.
Lock the glove box.
Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
0 Then take the door key with you.
PASS-Key@I1
Your vehicle is equipped
with the PASS-Key I1
(Personalized Automotive
Security System)
theft-deterrent system.
PASS-Key 11is a passive
theft-deterrent system.
It works when youinsert
or remove the keyfrom
the ignition.
PASS-Key 11uses a resistor pellet in the ignition key
that matches a decoder in your vehicle.
When the PASS-Key II system senses that someoneis
using the wrong key, it shuts down the vehicle’s starter and
fuel systems. For about three rninutes, the starter won’t
work and fuel won’t go to the engine.If someone tries to
start your vehicle again or uses another key during
this
time, the vehicle will notstart. This discourages someone
fiom randomly trying different keys with different resistor
pellets in an attempt to make
a match.
The ignition key must beclean and dry beforeit’s
inserted in the ignition or the engine may not start. If the
engine does not start and the PASS KEY light comes on,
the key may be dirty or wet. Turn the ignition off.
Clean and dry the key. Wait aboutthree rninutes and try
again. The PASS KEY light may remain on duringthis
time. If the starter still won’t work, andthe key appears
to be clean and dry, wait aboutthree minutes and try
another ignition key. At this time, you may also want to
check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the
Index). If the starter won’t work withthe other key, your
vehicle needs service. If your vehicle doesstart, the first
ignition key may be faulty. See your Buick dealer ora
locksmith who can service the PASS-Key II.
2-13
If you accidentally use a key that has a damaged or
missing resistor pellet, the starter won’t work and the
PASS KEY light willcome on. But you don’t have to
wait three minutes before trying another ignition key.
See your Buick dealer or a locksmith who can service
the PASS-Key I1 to have a new key made.
If you’re ever driving and and the PASS KEY light
comes on and stays on, you will be able to restart your
engine if you turn it off. Your PASS-Key II system,
however, is not working properly and must
be serviced
by your Buick dealer. Your vehicle
is not protectedby
the PASS-Key 11system.
If you lose or damage a PASS-Key
I1 ignition key, see
your Buick dealer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key I1 to have a new key made.
New Vehicle ''Break-in''
NOTICE:
Your modern Buick doesn’t needan elaborate
“break-in.” But itwill perform betterin the long
run if you followthese guidelines:
Keep your speed at 55 mph (88 km/h) or
less for the first500 miles (804 km).
Don’t drive at anyone speed -- fast or
slow for the first500 miles (804 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) or so. During thistime
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stops withnew linings can mean
premature wear and earlier
replacement.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
time you get new brake linings.
0 Don’t tow a trailer during break-in.
See “Towing a Trailer” in the Index for
more information.
--
~
-
2-14
in which you can remove the key. This position locks
your ignition, steering wheel and transmission. It’s
a
theft-deterrent
feature.
.; .
Ignition Switch
=-
C
OFF (C): This position unlocks the steering wheel,
I
ignition and transmission but doesn’t send electrical
power to any accessories. Turn the keyto the OFF ;, ,.
position if you must have your vehicle
in motion whiie
the engine is off.
.
RUN (D): This is the position for driving.
START (E): This key position starts your engine.
A
E
Note that even ifthe engine is not running, the positions
ACCESSORY and RUNallow you to operate your
electrical accessories, suchas the radio andv e m t i o n fan.
!
With the ignition keyin the ignition switch, you can turn
the switch tofive different positions.
NOTICE:
ACCESSORY (A):This position lets you use things
like the radio andthe windshield wipers whenthe
engine is off. To use the ACCESSORY position, push in
the key and turnit toward you. Your steering wheel will
remain locked,just as it was before you inserted the key.
LOCK (B): Before you put the keyin, your ignition
will be inthe LOCK position. This is the only position
If your key seems stuck inLOCK and you can’t
turn it, be sure it is all theway in. If it is, then
turn the steering
wheel leftand rightwhile you
turn thekey hard. But turn the
key only with
your hand. Using a tool to force
it could break
the key or the ignition switch. If none of this .
works, then yourvehicle needs service.
~
’.
2-15
I
Starting Your Engine
Move yourshift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL, (N).
Your engine won’t startin any other position-- that’s a
safety feature.To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N)only.
NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift to PARK
(P) if yourh i c k
is moving. If you do, you could damage the
transmission. Shift to PARK(P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
Starting Your 5.7 Liter LTl Engine
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn the
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key.The idle speed willgo down as your
engine gets warm.
I
NOTICE:
Holding your key in START
for longer than
15 seconds ata time will cause your battery to be
drained much sooner. And the excessive heat can
damage your starter motor.
2. If it doesn’t start within10 seconds, push the
accelerator pedal all the way to the floor, while
you
hold the ignition key in
START. When the engine
starts, let go of the key andlet up on the accelerator
pedal. Wait about15 seconds between each try to
help avoid draining your battery.
When starting your engine in very cold weather (below
0°F or -18”C), do this:
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn the
ignition key toSTART and holdit there. When the
engine starts,let go of the key. Use the accelerator
pedal to maintain engine speed,
if you have to, until
your engine has runfor a while.
2. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could beflooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing youraccelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holdingit there as you hold the key in
START for about three seconds. If the vehicle starts
briefly but then stops again, do the same thing, but
this time keepthe pedal down for five or six seconds.
This clears the extra gasoline from the engine.
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in yourvehicle. If you add electrical
parts oraccessories, you could change theway
the engine operates.
Before adding electrical
equipment, check with yourdealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform properly.
If you ever have to have your vehicle towed, see
the partof this manual thattells how to doit
without damaging yourvehicle. See “Towing
Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Engine Coolant Heater (Option)
In very cold weather, 0 O F (- 18 C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You’ll geteasier starting and
better fuel economy duringengine warm-up. Usually,
the coolant heater should be pluggedin a minimum of
four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
O
To Use the Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap theelectrical cord.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could causean electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat and cause
a fire. You could be seriouslyinjured. Plug the
cord intoa properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cordwon’t reach, use a
heavy-duty three-prong extension cord rated for
at least 15amps.
4. After you’ve used the coolant heater, be sure
to
store the cord asit was before to keepit away
from moving engine parts.If you don’t, it could
be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? Theanswer dependson the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and
some other things. Insteadof
trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your Buick dealer in
the area where you’ll be parking
your vehicle.The dealer cangive you the best advice for
that particular area.
Automatic Transmission Operation
There are several
different positions for
your shift lever.
PARK (P): This locks your transmission drive shaft. It’s
the best position to use when you start your engine
because your vehicle can’t move easily.
2-18
It is dangel 1s to get out of your vehicle if‘tl
shift leveris not fully inPARK (P) with the
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leaveyour vehicle when the engineis
running unless you have to. If you have leftthe
engine running, thevehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could
be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairIy
level ground, always setyour parking brake and
move the shift lever to
BARK (P).
See “Shifting IntoPARK (P),’ in theIndex. If
you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer” in
the Index.
Ensure the shift leveris fully in PARK (P) range before
starting the engine.Your Buick has a brake-transmission
shift interlock.You have to fully apply your regular
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when the
ignition key is in the RUN position.If you cannot shift
out of PARK (P), ease pressure onthe shift lever-- push
the shift leverall the way into PARK (P) as you
maintain brake application. Then move the shift lever
into the gear you wish.See “Shifting Outof
PARK (P)” in t h s section.
REVERSE (R): Use this gearto back up.
NOTICE:
Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is
moving forward could damage yourtransmission.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is
stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth get
to out of snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transmission, see
“Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Iceor Snow” in the Index.
2-19
A
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
(but lowerfuel economy) than SECOND (2).You can
use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud.If
the shift lever isput in FIRST (l),the transmission
won’t shift into first gear until the vehicle is going
slowly enough.
I NOTICE:
If your rearwheels can’trotate, don’ttry to
drive. This might happenif you were stuck in
very deep sand or mud or were up against
solid a
object. You could damage your transmission.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold your
vehicle there withonly the accelerator pedal. This
could overheat and damage thetransmission. Use
your brakes orshift into PARK (P) to hold your
vehicle in position on a hill.
Limited-Slip Rear Axle (Option)
If you have this feature, your rearaxle can give you
additional traction on snow, mud,ice, sand or gravel.It
works like a standard axle most of the time, but when
one of the rear wheels has no traction and
the other does,
the limited-slip feature will allowthe wheel with
traction to move the vehicle.
Parking Brake
To set the parking brake,
hold the regular brake pedal
down with yourright foot.
Push down the parking
brake pedal withyour left
foot. If the ignition is on,
the brake system warning
light will comeon.
2-21
To release the parking
brake, hold the regular
brake pedal down. Pull
the PARK BRAKE
release lever.
NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake on can cause
your rear brakes to
overheat. You may have to
replace them, and you could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
&:&you me towing a trailer and
are parking on any hill,
,-,
see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. That section
explains what to do first to keep
the trailer from moving.
. ..
Shifting Into PARK (P)
h CAUT’3N:
It can be dangerous to get out
of your vehicle if
the shift leveris not fullym PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehicle can roll.
If you have leftthe engine running, thevehicle
can move suddenly. You or otherscould be
injured. To be sure yourvehicle won’t move, even
when you’re on fairlylevel ground, use the steps
that follow. If you’repulling a trailer, see
“Towing a Trailer” in theIndex.
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right
foot and
set the parking brake.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) position
like this:
Move the lever upas far as it will go.
3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK.
0
Pull the lever toward you.
4. Remove the key and takeit with you. If youcan
leave your vehicle with the ignition key
in your
hand, your vehicleis in PARK (P).
2-23
I
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Eneine F nnine
Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transmission intoPARK (P) properly, the weight of the
A
vehicle may put too much
force on the parking pawl in
/!\ CAU I ION:
the transmission. You may find it difficult to pull the
shift lever out ofPARK (P). Thisis called “torque lock.”
To
prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with the
shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
engine running.Your vehicle could move
driver’s seat.To find out how, see “Shifting Into
in
(P)
suddenly if the shift lever is not fullyPARK
PARK (P)” in the Index.
with the parking brake
f m l y set. And, if you
leave the vehicle with the engine running, it could When youare ready to drive, move theshift lever out
of PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
overheat and even catch fire.
You or others could
be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle with the
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
engine running unless you have to.
pressure from the transmission,so you can pull the shift
lever out of PARK (P).
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicleis in PARK (P) and your
parking brakeis firmly set before you leave
it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever
into the PARK (P)
position, hold the regular brake pedal down. Then, ifsee
you can move the shift lever away
from PARK (P)
without first pullingit toward you.If you can,it means
that the shift lever wasn’t fully locked into PARK (P).
2-24
I
L
-
Windows
Power Windows
It can be dangerous get
to out of your vehicle if
the shift leveris not fillyin PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leaveyour vehicle when the engine
is
running unless you have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, thevehicle can move suddenly.
You or otherscould be injured.To be sure your
vehicle won’tmove, even whenyou’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to
PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you are parking on a hill and if you’re pulling a
trailer, also see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
The power windows controls are on the driver’s armrest.
They control each of the four windows. To open a
window, move the switch towardDN. To close it, move
the switch towardUP.
2-27
The switch for the driver’s window has an express-down
feature. Pull theAUTO switch back all the way. Once
engaged, releaseit and the window will lower all
the
way. To stop the window from lowering, press the switch
forward. To raise the window, pressthe switch forward.
Wagon Rear Vent Windows
There are individual switches near each window.
The
driver has a lock out switch. Press
LOCK to disablethe
power window switches. This will prevent passengers
from opening and closingthe windows. The driver can
still control all of the windows with
the switch in thelocked position. PressUNLOCK to restore normal
operation to all passenger window switches.
In the rear area, there
is a vent window on each sideof
the vehicle.
To open, lift the latch and push out.
To close, pull in and
back on the latch.
Horn
To sound the horn, press the pad with the horn symbol
on either sideof the steering wheel.
2-28
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
downward (for left) positions.
These positions allow you
to signal a turn or lane
a change.
To signal a turn, movethe lever allthe way up or
down. When the turn is finished, the lever will
return automatically.
An arrow on the instrument
panel will flashin the
If a bulbis burned out, replaceit to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows don’t go on
at all when you
signal a turn, check for burned-out bulbs and check the
fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index).
If you have a trailer towing option with added wiring for
the trailer lamps, a different turn signal flasher is used.
With this flasher installed, the signal indicator will flash
even if a turn signal bulb
is burned out. Check the front
and rear turn signal lamps regularly
to make sure they
are working.
A chime will soundif your turn signal remainson after
having driven 1/2 mile (0.8 km), to remind you to turn
off your signal.
Headlamp Highbow Beam Changer
To signal alane change, just raise or lower the lever
until the arrow starts to flash. Hold
it there untilyou
complete your lane change.
The lever will return by
itself when you release
it.
As you signal a turnor a lane change,if the arrows don’t
flash but just stay on, a signal bulb may be burned out
and other drivers won’t see your turn signal.
To change the headlamps
from low beam to high
or
high to low, pull the turn
signal lever all the way
toward you. Then release
it.
When the high beams are
on, this light on the
instrument panel will also
be on.
I
I1
!
V?indshield Washer
Wagon Rear WindowWashermiper
At the topof the multifunction lever there’s a paddle
with the wordPUSH on it. To spray washer fluid on
the windshield, push the paddle. Spraying will continue
as long as the paddleis held. The wipers will clear
the window and then either stopor return to your
preset speed.
IA
CAUTION:
I
In freezing weather, don’t use your washer until
the windshieldis warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice
on the windshield, blocking
your vision.
Press the top
of theREAR WIPER-WASH switch toturn on
the rear wiper. Press the bottomof the switch to turn itoff.
To spray windshield washer fluid on the rear window,
press the topof the switch until the rear wiper turns on.
Then press the topof the switch further. Washer fluid
will start to spray after a couple
of seconds and continue
as long as you hold the switch. When you release the
switch, the wiper will remainon until you turnit off by
pressing the bottomof the switch.
The rear window washer fluid comes from the
windshield washer reservoir.
2.-32
Cruise Control
With cruise control, you can
maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more
without keeping your foot
on the accelerator. This can
really help on long trips.
Cruise control does not
work at speeds below about
25 mph (40 km/h).
When you apply your brakes, the cruise control shutsoff.
Cruise control canbe dangerous whereyou
can’t drive safelyat a steady speed. So,
don’t use your cruise control on winding
roads or inheavy traffic.
Cruise control canbe dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes
in tire traction can cause
needless wheel
spinning, andyou could lose control. Don’t
use cruise controlon slippery roads.
2-33
I
Resuming a Set Speed
Setting Cruise Control
!
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed
and thenyou apply the brake. This,of course, shutsoff
the cruise control. But you don’t need to reset
it.
If you leaveyour cruise control switch on when
you’re not using cruise, you mighthit a button and
go into cruise when you don’twant to. You could
be startled andeven lose control. Keepthe cruise
control switch OFF until you want touse it.
you can move the cruise
control switch fromON to
WA (Resume/Accelerate)
for about half a second.
1. Move the cruise control switch toON.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
Push in theSET button
at the end of the lever
and releaseit.
You’ll go right back up to your chosen
meed and
stay there.
Increasing Speed WhileUsing Cruise Control
There aretwo ways to go to a higher speed:
0
4. Take your footoff the accelerator pedal.
2-34
Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed.
Press the buttonat the end of the lever, then release
the button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll now
cruise at the higher speed.
Move the CRUISE switch from ON to WA. Hold
it there until you get up to the speed you want,
then release the switch. To increase your speed in
very small amounts, move the switch to WA for
less than half a second and then release it. Each
time you do this, your vehicle will go about 1 mph
(1.6 km/h) faster.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control
There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
0
Press in the button at the end of the lever until you
reach the lower speed you want, thenrelease it.
To slow down in very small amounts, press the
button for less than half a second. Each time you do
tlus, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 km/h)
slower.
Using Cruise Control on
Hills
How well yourcruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills.
When goingup steep Ills, you may have to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speeddown. Of course, applying the brake
takes you outof cruise control. Many driversfind this to
be too muchtrouble and don’t usecruise control on
steep hills.
Ending Cruise Control
There are two ways to turn offthe cruisecontrol:
Step lightly on the brake pedal.
0
Move the CRUISE switch to OFF.
Erasing Speed Memory
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
When you turnoff the cruisecontrol or the ignition,
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When
your cruise control set speed memoryis erased.
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
2-35
Lamps
Lamps On Reminder
The LIGHTS knob controls these lamps:
If the lamp switch isleft on, you’ll hear a warning tone
when you turn off the ignition.
You can disable the tone
on vehicles without Daytime Running Lamps
or twilight
sentinel by turning the instrument panel brightness
all
the way down.
Headlamps
Taillamps
ParkingLamps
0
LicenseLamps
Sidemarker Lamps
Instrument Panel Lights
0
Interior Courtesy Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the day.
DRL can be helpfulin many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the
short periods after dawn and before sunset.
A light sensoron top of the instrument panel makes the
DRL work, so be sure it isn’t covered.
Pull the knob toward you,to the first setting to turn
on
the parking lamps.Pull the knob toward you, to
the
second settingto turn on the headlamps.
By rotating the knob, you can make the instrument panel
lights bright or dim and turn the courtesy lamps on oroff.
The DRL system will make your low-beam headlamps
come on at reduced brightnessin daylight when:
0
the ignition is on,
0
the headlamp switch is off, and
0
the parking brake is released.
When the DRL are on, only your low-beam headlamps
will be on. The taillamps, sidemarker and other lamps
won’t be on.Your instrument panel won’t be lit up either.
2-36
o ~ f fand
, your low-beam headh.nps elrange to
duced brightness of DRL.
Interior Lamps
Front Reading Lamps
Delayed Illuminated Entry Without
Keyless Entry System
Front seat reading lampsare turned on by pressingthe
switches located on the rearview mirror.
When you openthe door, the interior courtesy lamps
will turn on. These lamps
will go off automaticallyafter
about 40 seconds, or whenthe ignition is turned on.
They makeit easy for you to enter and leave the vehicle.
You also can turn theselamps on by rotating the
LIGHTS switch all the way tothe left.
Rear Reading. Lamps
Delayed Illuminated Entry Withthe
Keyless Entry System
As long as the doorsare closed andthe ignition is off
If you press the UNLOCK button on the Keyless
Entry transmitter,the interior lamps will come onfor
about 30 seconds oruntil you start your engine.
a If you press theDOOR button on the Keyless Entry
transmitter, theinterior lamps will come onfor about
two seconds.
These courtesy lampsturn
on when youopen the
doors.
To turn on the reading
lamps when the doorsare
closed, press the top of the
switch. Pressthe bottom of
the switch to turn them
off.
Wagon Rear Compartment Lamps
Mirrors
There are lamps on the assist handles
in the rear area
of the station wagon. Press the switch to turn them
on
or off.
Inside Daymight Rearview Mirror
These lamps come on when the tailgate
is opened as a
door. Thev turn off when the tailgate is completely closed.
When youare sitting in a comfortable driving position,
adjust the mirrorso you can see clearly behind your
vehicle. The mirror has pivots so that you can move it
up and down or side to side.
You can adjust the mirror for day or night driving.Pull
the tab for night driving to reduce glare. Press the
tab for
daytime driving.
2-39
Electrochromic Mirror (Option)
UdOff Switch
rress the switch located at the base
of the mirror IO turn
on the auto-dimming feature. Press
it again to turnoff.
Reverse Gear DayMode
When the shift leveris placed inREVERSE (R), the
mirror changes tothe daytime modefor a bright image
in the mirror as you back up.
Cleaning Photocells
Your Buick may have an automatic inside
minor.
During the dayit works like a regula mirror, but at
night it adjusts for the glareof headlamps behind you.
The mirror delays before switching
from day to night
mode. This change may take a few seconds. This delay
prevents rapid changingof the mirror as you drive under
lights and through traffic.
Use a cotton swab and glass cleaner
to clean the front and
rear photocells that makethe electrochromic rnirror work.
2-40
Convex Outside Mirror
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from the
driver’s seat.
outside mirror must be adjusted manually. Adjust each
mirror so you canjust see the side of your vehicle.
Power (Option)
If your Buick has optional
power mirrors,the mirror
control is located on the
driver’s door. Movethe
center switch to choose
either side mirror. Press any
of the four arrows to move
the mirror in the desired
direction.
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
MIRROR
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder before L
changing lanes.
Adjust each mirrorso you canjust see the sideof your
vehicle and the area behind your vehicle.
u
Heated Outside Rearview Mirrors
(Option)
Storage Compartments
The outside mirrors are heated when you activatethe
rear window defogger.
Each of the side doors has a storage compartment.
Foldaway Outside Mirrors
You also have storage pockets behind thefront seats.
Manual
Glove Box
To adjust the driver’sside outside mirror, rotate the knob
located on the driver’s door.The passenger’s side
To open the glove box,pull the latch toward you. Use
the door key tolock and unlock the glove box.
2-41
Front Storage Armrest (Option)
Wagon Locked Storage Compartment
'l'his compartment is on the inside panelat the rear of
the vehicle, on the drrver's side. Use the oval key to lock
and unlock this door.
The front armrest opens intoa storage area with a
coinholder and slots for cassettes and compact discs.
You can fold out the cupholders and close the
compartment lid.
Turn the key to the right to unlock. The key cannot
be
removed in this position.
To close and lock,lift up and push in on the door.
Turn
the key to left, back to the original position and remove.
There are also storage bins in the rear area.
'
2-42
Convenience Net (Wagon)
If the wagon has a rear facing third seat, items
stored in the net could injure occupants seated
there in the event of a crash, or the net could slow
their exit afterward.Unhook the net and store it
when passengers will ride in the rear facing seat.
A convenience net is provided for the rearof your
wagon to help keep small loads, Like grocery bags, from
falling over during sharp turns or quick stops andstarts.
The net is not for larger, heavier loads. Store such loads
under the load floor,or on the load floor as far forward
as you can. Keepthe rear load floor flat when you use
the net.
2-43
Convenience Net (Sedan)
Cargo Cover OrRoll-Up Cargo Cover
The cargo cover allows
hidden storage inthe rear
area of your vehicle.The
cover is mounted behind the
second seat.
To use the cargo cover:
1. Pull the cargo cover by the center handle all the way
to the tailgate.
Your vehicle has a convenience net. You’ll see
it just
inside the back wall of the trunk.
2. Put the hooks of the handle into the slots on the rear
pillar trim.
Put small loads, like grocery bags, behind the net.
It can
To return the cover:
help keep themfrom falling over during sharp turns or
1. Pull on the handle, pulling the cover up and
out of
quick starts and stops.The net isn’t for larger, heavier
the
slots.
loads. Store them in the trunk as far forward as you can.
2. Gently let the cover roll back to the front.
Be careful
You can unhook the net so that it will lie flat when
not tolet go of the cover beforeit is fully retracted,
you’re not usingit.
as it could be damaged.
To carry larger items,the cargo cover canbe removed
and the second seat folded down.To do this:
To install the cargo cover:
1. Grasp one end of the cargo cover and pushit toward
the opposite end.
2. Stand at one side and graspone end of the roller.
2. Slide it out of the bracket. Store the rolled coveron
the floor behind the front seat.
1. Make Sure the handle is on top.
3. Place the opposite endinto the mounting bracketon
the far side.
4. Push the roller toward the inserted end to shorten
it
and slide the near endinto the slot of the bracket
near you. It should snapinto place.
An improperly stored cargo cover could be
thrown about the vehicle during a collision or
sudden maneuver. You or others could be
injured. If you remove the cover, always store
it
When you putit back, always be sure thatis it
securely reattached.
5. Pull on each end of the cover to be sureit is
locked in place. The cover can be left rolled up
when not needed.
2-45
Luggage Carrier (Option)
If you try to carry something on top
of your
vehicle that is longer or wider than theluggage
carrier like paneling, plywood, a mattress, and
so forth the wind can catchit as you drive
along. This can causeyou to lose control. What
you are carryingcould be violentlytorn off, and
this could causeyou or other drivers to have a
collision, and of course damage your
vehicle. You
may be able to carry something like inside.
this
But, never carry something longerwider
or than
your luggage carrier on topof your vehicle.
--
--
You have a luggage carrier and can load things
on top of
your vehicle. The luggage carrier has slats and side rails
attached to the roof, sliding cross rails and placesuse
to
for tying things down. These let you load some things
on topof your vehicle,so long as they are not wider or
longer than the luggage carrier.
Adjusting the Crossbar
NOTICE:
Loading-cargo thatweighs more than 200 Ibs.
(90 kg) onthelu-ggagecarrier may damage
your vehicle.
When you carry cargo on the luggage carrier of a
proper size and weight, put iton the slats, as far
forward asyou can, and distributethe load
evenly alongthe slats. Then slide the cross rail up
against the rear of the load, to help keep it from
moving. You can then tie it down.
Don’t exceed the maximum vehiclecapacity when
loading your Buick. For moreinformation on vehicle
capacity and loading, see “Loading Your Vehicle’’ in
the Index.
To prevent damage or loss .of cargo as you’re driving,
check now and then to makesure the luggage carrier and
cargo are still securely fastened.
1. Loosen the knob at each endof the crossbar.
2. Position the crossbar by sliding it on the track.
3. Attach commercialcarriers as recommendedby
their manufacturer.
4. Tighten the knob tosecure the crossbar in place.
The front center ashtray may belifted out for cleaning.
The cigarette lighter is near the front center ashtray.To
use the lighter, pushit in all the way and let go. When
it’s ready,it will pop backby itself.
The rear ashtrays are located on the door armrests.
Lift the cover and pullup on a rear ashtray to remove
if for cleaning.
I NOTICE:
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
I NOTICE:
Don’t put papersor other flammable things
into your ashtrays. Hot cigarettes or other
smoking materialscould ignite them, causing
a damaging fire.
If you hold a cigarette lighter in
with your hand
while it is heating, itwon’t be able to back
away
from the heatingelement whenit’s ready. That
can make it overheat, damaging the lighter and
the heatingelement.
Sun Visors
Wagon Vista Cover
To block out glare, you can swing downthe visors. You
can also swingthem to the side.If the visors swing too
easily, tighten the screwson the rear of the visors.
Two sunshades above the second seat block
out sun rays
for second seat passengers.
Visor Vanity Mirror (Option)
The lighted visor vanity mirror lights
up when the
mirror cover is opened. Closing the mirror cover turns
off the lamps.
2-49
Instrument Panel
1. Side Vents
9. Audio System
2. Main Lamp Control
10. Transmission Shift Lever
3. Instrument Cluster
11. Horn Symbols
4. Center Vents
12. Multifunction Lever
5. Cornfort Controls
13. Parking Brake Release
6. Glove Box
14. Hood Release
7. Ashtray andCigarette Lighter
15. Rear Wipermasher and Rear Window
Release (Wagon)
8. Convenience Tray
Instrument Panel Cluster
LOW
COOLANT
LEVEL
2HOT
-
FLUID
TEMP -&
'4
FUEL
LEVEL
0
C,\' ' I ?
MPH
kmlh
P
R N m 3 2 1
0
.
'120
U
UNLEADED FUEL ONLY
FUEL
BRAKE
Your instrument panelis designed tolet you know at a glance how your vehicle
is running. You'll know how
fast you're going, how muchfuel you're using, and many other things you'll need to
know to drive safely
and economically.
2-52
LOCK
Speedometer and Odometer
Trip Odometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed
in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h).
Your
odometer shows howfar your vehiclehas been driven,
in either miles (usedin the United States) or kilometers
(used in Canada).
Your Buick has a tamper-resistant odometer.
If you can
see very noticeable bright silver lines between
the
numbers, someone has probably triedto turn it back.
The numbers may notbe accurate.
You may wonder what happensif a vehicle has to have a
new odometer installed. The new one should be set to the
same reading as the old one.
If that is not possible, then
it’s set at zero, and a label on the driver’s door must show
the old reading and when the new one was installed.
..-~.
_ _.
@
101010l01011121
..,
A trip odometercan tell
you how may miles you
have driven since you last
set it to zero. To reset it,
press the button.
Safety Belt Reminder Lig
When thekey is turned to RUN or STAFtT, a chime WUJ
come on for about eight secondsto remind people to
fasten their safety belts, unless the driver's safety belt
is
already buckled.
The safety belt light
will also come on and
stay on until thednver's
belt is buckled.
."
Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even
gerws. So please getto know your warning lights
gagei'They're a big help.
.
, .
Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bagreadiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows AIR BAG.The system checksthe
air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions. The light
tells you if there is an electrical problem. The system
check includes the air bag sensors, the air bag modules,
the wiring andthe crash sensing and diagnostic module.
For more information on the air bag system, see “Air
Bag’’ in the Index.
AIR
BAG
You will see this light flash
for a few seconds when you
turn your ignition to RUN
or START.Then the light
should go out. This means
the system is ready.
Battery Light
When you turn the key to
RUN or START, this light
will come on briefly,to
show that your alternator
and battery charging
systems are working.
VOLTS
If the light stays on, your vehicle needs service and you
should take your Buick to
the dealer at once. To save
your batteryuntil you get there, turn off all accessories
and set your air system to OFF.
IXthe air bag readiness light doesn’t come on when you
start your vehicle, or stays on, or comes on when you
are driving, your air bagsystem may not work properly.
Have yourvehicle serviced right away.
2-55
Brake System Warning Light
Your Buick’s hydraulic brake systemis divided into two
parts. If one part isn’t working, the other
part can still
work and stop you. For good braking, though, you need
both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there could be a brake
problem. Haveyour brake system inspected right away.
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer
to the floor.
It may take longer to stop.
If the lightis still on, have the
vehicle towed for service. (See “Towing
Your Vehicle”
in the Index.)
A CAUTION:
This light should come on
when you turn the ignition
key to START. If it doesn’t
come on then,have it fixed
so it will be ready to warn
you if there’s a problem.
Your brake systemmay not be working properly
if the brake system warning lighton.
is Driving
with the brake system warning light on can lead
to an accident.If the lightis still on after you’ve
pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull
off the
road and stop carefully.You may notice that the pedal
is
When the ignitionis on, the brake system warning light
will also come on when you set your parking brake.
The
light will stay onif your parking brake doesn’t release
fully. If it stays on after your parking brakeis fully
released, it means you havea brake problem.
2-56
Anti-Lock BrakeSystem Warning Light
ANTI LOCK
With the anti-lock brake
system, this light will
come on when you start
your engine and may stay
on for several seconds.
That’s normal.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turnthe ignition key toRUN. If the
light doesn’tcome on then,have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if thereis a problem.
The anti-lock brake system warning light may also
come on when you are driving with a compact spare tire.
If this happens, the light means you won’t
have
anti-lock until you replace the compact spare
with a
full-size tire. If the warning light stayson after you
replace the compact spare with a full-size tire, orit if
comes on again when you’re driving, your Buick needs
service.
If the light stays on, turn the ignition
off. Or, if thelight
comes on when you’re driving, stop
as soon as possible
and turn the ignitionoff. Then start theengine again to
reset the system.If the light still stayson, or comes on
again while you’re driving, your Buick needs service.
If
the regular brake system warning light isn’t
on, you still
have brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock brakes.
If the
regular brake systemwarning light is also on, you don’t
have anti-lock brakes and there’s a problem with your
regular brakes. See “Brake System Warning Light”
earlier in this part.
2-57
Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Light
This light comes on asa
bulb check when you start
your engine. This light tells
you that yourengine
coolant has overheated.
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
I TEMP
&
h
This gage shows theengine
coolant temperature. If the
gage pointei moves into
the red area, yourengine is
too hot!
HOT
If you have been operating your vehicle under normal
driving conditions, youshould pull off the road, stop
your vehicle and turn the engine off as soon as possible.
In “Problems on theRoad,” this manual shows you
what to do.See “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
2-58
That reading meansthe sarne thing as the warning light.
It means that :your
engine coolant has overheated.If you
have been operating your vehicle under normal driving
conditions, you should pulloff the road,stop your
vehicle and turn off the engine as soonas possible. See
“Engine Overheating” in theIndex.
Low Coolant Warning Light
LOW
COOLANT
LEVEL
If you have this light and it
comes on, the system is low
on coolant and the engine
may overheat.
Malfunction IndicatorLamp
(Service Engine Soon Light)
CHECK
Canada
SERVICE
'ENGINE
SOON
Domestic
Your Buick is equipped with a computer which
monitors operationof the fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
2-59
This systemis called OBDIT (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) andis intended
NOTICE:
to assure thatemissions are at acceptable levels for
the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
If you keep driving your vehicle with
this light
environment. (In Canada, OBDI1 is replaced by
on, after a while, your emission controls may not
Enhanced Diagnostics.)The SERVICE ENGINE SOON
work as well, your fuel economy may not be as
light comes on to indicate that there
is a problem and
service is required. Malfunctions often. will be indicated good and your engine may not run as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
by the system before any problem
is apparent, which
covered by your warranty.
may prevent more serious damageto your vehicle. This
system is also designed to assist your service technician
in correctly diagnosing any malfunction.
This light shouldcome on, as acheck to show youit is
working, when the ignitionis on andthe engine is not
running. If the light doesn’tcome on, haveit repaired.
This light will also come on during a malfunction
one
in
of two ways:
~
e Light Flashing-- A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and serviceis required.
e Light On Steady -- An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and
service may be required.
2-60
If the LightIs Flashing
If the Light Is On Steady
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
0
Reduce vehicle speed.
Did youjust put fuel into your vehicle?
0
Avoid hard accelerations.
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, malung sureto fully install
Avoid steep uphill grades.
0
If towing a trailer, reduce them o u n t of cargo being
hauled as soonas it ispossible.
If the light stops flashingand remains on steady,see “If
the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when
it is safe to doso,
stop the vehicle. Put your vehicle inPARK (P). Turn the
key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the engine.
If the light remains on steady,
see “If the Light Is On
Steady” following. If the light is still flashing follow the
previous steps, and drive the vehicle to your dealeror
qualified service centerfor service.
the cap. The diagnostic system can determine if the
fuel
cap has been left off
or improperly installed. This will,
allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. A few
driving trips should turn the light off.
Did youjust drive through a deep puddle
of water?
If so, your electrical system maybe wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light
off.
Are you low on fuel?
As your engine starts to run out of fuel, your engine may
not run as efficiently as designed since small amounts
of
air are sucked into the fuel line causing a misfire.The
system can detect this. Addingfuel should correct this
condition. Make sure to install thefuel cap properly. It
will take a few driving trips to turn
the light off.
2-61
Have you recently changed brands of
fuel?
Engine Oil Pressure Light
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with qualityfuel (see
“Fuel” in the Index). Poorfuel quality will cause your
engine not to run as efficiently as designed.
You may
notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling when you
put the vehicleinto gear, misfiring, hesitation on
acceleration or stumblingon acceleration. (These
conditions maygo away once the engineis warmed up.)
This will be detected by the system and cause the light
to turn on.
1
If you experience this condition, change the
fuel brand
you use. It will requireat least one full tank of the
proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above stepshave made the light turnoff,
have your dealer or qualified service center check
the
vehicle. Your dealer hasthe proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical
or electrical
problems that may have developed.
This light tells youif there
could be a problem with
OIL
There are three times this light can come on briefly,
which is normal and doesn’t show a problem. They are:
The light comes on when you turn your key to RUN
or START. That’sjust a check tobe sure the light
works. If this light doesn’t come on, be sure to have
it fixed so it will be there to warn you
if something
goes wrong.
0
If you’re idling at a stop sign, the light
may blink on
and then off.
If you make a hard stop, the light may come on for
a moment.
-
But, when this light comeson and stays on,it means oil
isn’t going through yourengine properly. You could be
low on oil,or you might have some otheroil problem.
Don’t keep driving if the oil pressure islow. If
you do, your engine can become
so hot thatit
catches fire.You or others couldbe burned.
Check youroil as soon as possible and have your
vehicle serviced.
I NOTICE:
Damage to your engine from neglected
oil
problems canbe costly and is notcovered by your
warranty.
Low Oil Level Light
LOW
OIL
LEV
‘.*
1
.
.
*
;p,.
-
..
- .
>I,
..“
..,
..
.
4 . 2-5
The LOW OIL LEV light
should come on briefly
while you are starting
your engine.If the light
doesn’t come on,have
your vehicle serviced,so
it will be readyto warn
you if there’s a problem.
If the light stays on, your
engine oil level shouldbe
checked. Check youroil level (be sure your vehicleis on
a level surface), and bring
the engine oil up to the proper
level, if necessary. See “Engine Oil” in the Index.
” ’
Change Oil Indicator
CHANGE
OIL
The CHANGE OIL light
should come on briefly
as a bulb check when you
start the engine.If the
light doesn’tcome on,
have it serviced.
maintenance schedule or when the CHANGE
OIL light
comes on, whichever comes first.
See “Engine Oil” in
the Index.
After changing the engine oil, the system must be reset.
With the ignition key in the RUN position but the engine
off, fully push and release the accelerator pedal three
times within five seconds.If the CHANGEOIL light
flashes two times, the system
is reset. However, if the
light comeson and stays onfor five seconds, it did not
reset. You’ll need to reset the system again.
Cruise Control Light
This light comeson when
you set cruise control.
If the CHANGEOIL light comes on and stays on
for 20 seconds after you start the engine, have the oil
changed. The light may indicate to change the
oil sooner
than suggested in your maintenance schedule, depending
on your driving patterns.The light is activated by the
Engine Oil Life Monitor System which determines the
condition of the oil but doesn’t sense heavy dust in
the air or check the oil level. Therefore, you should
change your oil at the intervals recommended in your
2-64
CRUISE
Low Washer Fluid Light
LOW
WASH
FLUID
This light will come on as a
bulb check when you start
the engine. If this light
comes on and stays on, it
means you’re low on
washer fluid. Add fluid.See
“Windshield Washer Fluid”
in the Index.
Wagon Gate Ajar Light
GATE
AJAR
This light should come on
when d e tailgate is opened
as a dobr. It will stay on
until thetailgate has been
fully closed. It does not
come on when the tailgate
has been openedas a
drop-gate.
f
Pass Key Light
If the engine does not start
and this light comes on, the
key may be dirty or wet.
PASS
KEY
If this light comes on and stays
on while driving, you
will be able to restart
your vehicle if you turnit off.
However, your vehicle will not be protected the
by
PASS-Key I1 feature. See “PASS-Key%’’ in the Index.
2-65
Fuel Gage
FUEL
112
F
Low Fuel Light
Your fuel gage shows how
much fuel is in your tank.It
works only when the engine
isWhen
on.
indicator
the
nearsEMPTY (E), youstill
have a little fuel left.You
need to get more right away.
The following situations are normal and do not indicate
a fuel gage malfunction.
0
At the gas station,the gas pump shuts off before the
gage reads FULL0;).
0
It takes more (or less) gas fill
to up than the gage
indicated. For example,the gage may have indicated
half full, butit took more-- or less -- than half of
the tank’s capacity tofill it.
0
The gage may move when you turn a corner, speed
up or stop your vehicle.
0
When you turn the engineoff, the gage doesn’t go all
the way back toEMPTY (E).
LOW
FUEL
This light comes on briefly
as a bulb check when you
start your engine.If this
light comeson and stays
on, you should get more
fuel soon.
NOTES
2-67
2-68
Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section you’ll find out how to operate the comfort
control and audio systems offered with your Buick.
Be
sure to read about the particular systems supplied with
your vehicle.
Comfort Controls
With this system, youcan control the heating,air
conditioning and ventilationin your Chevrolet.Your
vehicle also has a flow-through ventilation system
described laterin this section.
Standard Climate Control System
Fan Control
The fan control selects theforce of air you want.Slide
the leverto the right to increase fan speed and slide the
lever to the leftto decrease fan speed.
Temperature Control
Slide the temperature control between COOL and
WARM to change the temperature of the air coming
through your air outlets.
Heating
When outside temperatures are cold, sliding the
temperature control toWARM will send heated air
through the heater outlets, and some through the
defrost outlet.
3-1
IQlr %b-n&'tioning
. . -;
.
.-
.
, -<
~
-*
~
A:.
. .. * -.
-
Electronic
Climate
,
~
--Onvery hot days, open the windows long enough tolet
...ihot inside air escape. This reduces the'amount of work .
*,yourair conditioner's compressor will have to do, which
.
.should help fuel economy. Press A/C to turn on the
. . . - ' iair
. conditioning.
Contr I (Option)
.
,
< ,,
.
.
_
.
q
'E
RECIRC: This setting provides~maximumcooling by
.. *: irecirculating theair inside your vehicle.The airflow
=*.
-.comesfrom the upper outlets.
:
-MIDDLE: Pressing this button directs the air through
- .- - . Yhe upper outlets.
-
' -
yi
*' -
,o,,
. *
.
.
.'
:I
-.
I.
'X
. - BLEND: This setting directs the airflow to the upper
. - -
outlets and the heater outlets.
System Controls
FLOOR: Pressing this button directs all the airflow to
the heater outlets.
TEMP: To choose the temperature you want
maintained inside the vehicle, use this button.
Pressing theTEMP button only once with the
exterior temperature displayed will not change the
set temperature.
From the AUTO mode, pressing the temperature to
90°F (33 O C ) will automatically allow the system to
select the high fanspeed and FLOOR mode.
From the AUTO mode, pressingthe temperature to
60OF (16 O C ) will automatically allow the system to
select the high fan speed and MIDDLE mode to
recirculate air.
AUTO: When the system is set forautomatic, air will
come from the heater outlets, the upper outlets or both.
Fan speed will vary (unless an arrow onthe FAN button
has been pressed) as the system gets to and maintains
the temperature setting you have selected.
The selected temperature, the fan speed and AUTOwill
appear on the display.
In cold weather, the system will delay turning onthe
fan to avoid blowing cold air. The length of the delay
depends onengine coolant temperature, outside
temperature and time since the engine was last started.
Pressing an arrow on the FAN button will override this
delay andturn on the fan.
MIDDLE: Pressing this button directs the air through
the upper outlets.
BLEND: This setting directs the airflow to the upper
outlets and the heater outlets.
FLOOR: Pressing this setting directs all airflow tothe
heater outlets.
VENT: Use this setting when you don’t want tocool the
air coming into your vehicle.The airflow will come
from theupper outlets.
OFF: When the system is off, the ventilation allows air
to flow through the heater outlets while the vehicle is
moving.
The exterior temperature will show in the display area.
Fan Speeds
The speed of the fanis controlled automatically if you
have the fan on AUTO. However, you can control the
fan speed with the FAN button.
The fan speed willgo lower or higher with every press
of
the button until the lowest or highest speed is reached.
3-3
Ventilation System
Adjust the direction of
airflow by m0vin.g the
louvered vents.
For mild outside temperatures, when little heating or
cooling is needed, press theA/C button on the manual
system to deactivate theair conditioner. RECIRC,
DEFOG and DEFROST must also be off. Air will flow
through the heater outlets. Adjust the temperature
control lever to a comfortable level.
The automatic system will recirculate the air inside the
vehicle for maximum air conditioning performance
if
the inside of the vehicleis hot. The automatic system
will return to circulating outside air once the vehicle
interior has cooled down.
Defogging and Defrosting
DEFROST: This setting directs theairflow to the
Fresh air from outside your vehicle flows through your defrost outlet and some to the heater outlet. Use defrost
when you wantto remove fog orice from the windshield.
Buick when the vehicleis moving. Whenthe vehicle is
Fan speed will be controlled automatically, or you can
not moving, you canget outside air to flow through by
choose another speed by pressing the
FAN button.
selecting any air choice, except the
rear window
defogger (and anyfan speed if you have the manual
DEFOG: This setting directs the airflow to the defrost
climate control system).
outlet to keep the windshield clear and to the heater
outlet for passenger comfort.
Rear Window Defogger
@ REAR DEFOG:Press &usbutton to getfog or ice
off your rear window. After10 minutes, the rear window
defogger will go off by itself, or pressing the button again
during the heating cycle will shut
it off. If you need
additional warming time, press the button again.
If you have the heated outside rearviewmirrors option,
the mirrors will be warmed when the rear defoggeris on.
Do not attach anything like a temporary vehicle license
or decal across the defogger grid on the rear window.
NOTICE:
Don’t use a razor blade or something else sharp
on the insideof the rear window.If you do, you
could cutor damage the warming grid, and the
repairs wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
Audio Systems
Your Delco@audio system has been designedto operate
easily and give years of listening pleasure. You will get
the most enjoymentout of it if you acquaint yourself
with it first. Find out what your Delco system can do
and how to operate all itscontrols, to be sure you’re
getting the most outof the advanced engineering that
went into it.
S’ettingthe Clock
Press and hold HRS until the correct hour appears.
Press and hold MIN until.the correct minute appears.
You may set the clock with the ignition off if you
press RECALL first and follow the same procedure
described above.
3-5
AM-FM Stereo with CassetteTape Player
RECALL: Press the upper knob briefly to recall the
station being playedor the clock display.To change
what is normally shown onthe display (stationor time),
press the knob until you see the display you want, then
hold the knob until the display flashes. If you press the
knob when the ignitionis off, the clock will showfor a
few seconds.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press the lower knob to select AM,
FM1 or
FM2. The display shows your selection.
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: Turn this knobto turn the system on and
off. Turn it clockwise to increase the volume. Turnit
counterclockwise to decreasethe volume.
3-6
TUNE: Turn the lowerknob to choose radio stations.
SEEK: Press the forward or backward arrow to go to
the next higher or lower station.
The sound will be
muted while seeking.
SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds
and SCAN will appearon the display. UseSCAN to
listen to stations for a few seconds.
The radio will go to
a station, stopfor a few seconds, then go
on to the next
station. Press oneof the SEEK arrows again to stop
scanning. The sound will be muted while scanning.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numberedpushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2).
TREB: Press thisbutton lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decrease treble. The middle position
is a detent.
1. Press AM-FM to select the band.
Push the knobs back in when youare not usingthem.
2. Find the station you want by using TUNE or SEEK.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: Turn the control behind the upper knob to move
the sound tothe left or right speakers. The middle
position is a detent and balancesthe speakers.
3. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons.
4. The sound will mute. When it returns, release the
button. Whenever you pressthat numbered button,
the station you set will return.
P SCAN:Press t h s button to listen to each of your
preset stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to
the first preset station, stop for a few seconds, then go
on to the next preset station. Press P SCAN again to stop
scanning. If a preset station has weak reception, the
radio will not stop at thepreset station.
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decrease bass. The middle position is
a detent.
FADE: Turn the control behind the lower knob to move
the sound to the front orrear speakers. The middle
position is a detent andbalances the speakers.
Playing a CassetteTape
The longer siae with the tape visible should face to the
right. If the ignition is on, but the radio is off, the tape
will beginplaying. If you hear nothing or hear a garbled
sound, the tape may not bein squarely. Press EJECT to
remove the tape and start over.
While the tape is playing, use the VOLUME, FADE,
BAL, TREB and BASScontrols just as you do for the
radio. Other controls may have different functions when
a tape is inserted. The display will show an arrow to
show which sideof the tape is playing.
3-7
If you want to insert a tape when the ignition
or radio is
off, first pressEJECT or RECALL. Note that the
cassette tape adapterkits for portable compact disc
players may not work
in your cassette player. These
adapters can cause an error message on the display, and
the adapter cassette could be ejected.
SIDE (5): Press this button to change the side of the
tape that is playing.
(6): Press this button to reduce background noise.
The display will show eitherOFF or ON for a few
seconds when you press the button.
Dolby@ Noise Reduction
is manufactured under a
Your tape bias isset automatically.
license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Dolby and the double-D symbolare trademarks of
SEEK: Press theforward or backward arrow to search
Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
for the next or previous selectionon the tape.Your tape
must haveat least three secondsof silence between each
EJECT: Press this button to remove the tape.
The radio
selection for SEEK to work.The sound will be muted
will play.
while seeking.
CLN: This messagemay appear on the display.If it
44 (3): Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly.
does, your cassette tape player needs to be cleaned.
It
Press it again to return to playing speed.
The radio will
will still play tapes, but you should clean
it as soon as
play while the tape reverses.
possible to prevent damage to your tapes and player.
See
(4): Press this button to advance quickly to another “Care of Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After
you clean the player, press and hold EJECT for
five
part of the tape. Press the button again to return to
seconds
to
reset
the
CLN
indicator.
The
radio
will
playing speed. The radio will play while the tape
display --- to show the indicator was reset.
advances.
.
3-8
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
and AutomaticTone Control (Option)
RECALL: Press this button briefly to recall
the station
being played or the clock display.To change whatis
normally shownon the display (stationor time), press
this button until yousee the display you want, then hold
the button until the display flashes. If you press the
button when the ignition is off, the clock will showfor a
few seconds.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press this button to selectAM, FMl or FM2.
The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Press the up or down arrow to choose
radio stations.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrows togo to the
next higheror lower station.The sound willbe muted
while seeking.
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: Press this knob to turn the system on and
off. Turn it clockwise to increase the volume. Turnit
counterclockwise to decrease the volume.
SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds
and SCAN will appearon the display. Use SCAN to
listen to stations for a few seconds.The radio will go to
a station, stopfor a few seconds, thengo on to the next
station. Pressone of the SEEK buttons again to stop
scanning. The sound will be muted while scanning.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to yourfavorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2).
1. Press AM-FM to select the band.
2. Find the station you wantby using TUNE or SEEK.
3. Press TONEto select the setting you prefer.
4. Press andhold one of the six numbered buttons.
5. The sound will mute. When
it returns, release the
button. Whenever youpress that numbered button,
the station youset will return and the TONE
you selected will be automatically selectedfor
that button.
P SCAN:Press this button tolisten to each of your
preset stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to
the fiistpreset station, stop for a few seconds, then go
on to the next presetstation. Press P SCAN again to stop
scanning. If a preset station has weak reception, the
radio will not stop at the preset station.
AUTO SET: Press this button and the system will seek
and set the12 strongest FM or the 6 strongest AM
stations on your presetbuttons. To return to thestations
you manually set, press AUTO SET again.
3-:
Setting theTone
BASS: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decrease bass. The middle position
is a detent.
TREB: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turnthe
knob toincrease or decrease treble.The middle position
is a detent.
Push the knobs backin when you are not using them.
TONE: This feature allows you to choose presettreble
and bass equalizationsettings designed for classical,
pop, rock,jazz, talk andcountry/western stations.
CLASS will appear onthe display when youfirst pres,s
TONE. Each time you pressit, another settingwill
appear on the display. Pressit again afterC & W
appears andMANUAL, will appear. Tonecontrol will
return to the TREB and BASSknobs. Also, if you use
the TREB and BASS knobs,control will return to them
and MANUAL will appear.
adapters can cause an error message on the display, and
the adapter cassette could beejected.
Your tape bias is set automatically.
PREV (1): Press this button to searchfor the previous
selection on thetape. Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for PREV to
work. The sound will be muted while seeking.
NEXT (2):Press this buttonto search for the next
selection on thetape. Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for NEXT to
work. The sound will be muted whileseeking.
The SEEK up and down arrows willalso find the
previous and next selections on the tape.
44 (3): Press this button toreverse the tape rapidly.
Press it again toreturn to playing speed. The radio will
play whilethe tape reverses.
(4): Press this button to advance quicklyto another
part of the tape. Press the button again to return to
playing speed. The radio will play while the tape
advances.
SIDE (5): Press this button tochange the side of the
tape that is playing.
.
10 (6): Press this
button to reduce background noise.
The double-D symbol will appear on the display.
Dolby Noise Reductionis manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbolare trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Players and Automatic Tone
Control (Option)
AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a tape
is in the player.
SOURCE: Press this button to change to the tape
function when the radiois on. TAPE withan arrow will
appear on the display when the tape
is active.
EJECT Press this button to remove the tape.
The radio
will play.
CLN: This message may appearon the display. If it
does, your cassette tape player needs to be cleaned.
It
will still play tapes, but you should clean
it as soon as
possible to prevent damage to your tapes and player. See
“Care of Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After Playing the Radio
you clean the player, press and hold EJECT
for five
VOLUME: Press this knob to turn the system on and
seconds to reset the CLN indicator.
The radio will
off. Turnit clockwise to increase the volume. Turn
it
display --- to show the indicator was reset.
counterclockwise to decrease the volume.
3-12
RECALL: Press this button briefly to recall the station
being played or the clock display. To change what is
normally shown on the display (stationor time), press
the button until yousee the display you want, then hold
the button until the display flashes. If you press the
button when the ignitionis off, the clock will showfor a
few seconds.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations.You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, sixFM1 and six FM2).
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press this buttonto select AM,FM1 or FM2.
The display shows your selection.
4. Press and holdone of the six numbered buttons.
TUNE: Press the up or down m o w to choose radio
stations.
SEEK: Press the up or down mows to go to the
next higher or lower station.
The sound will be muted
while seeking.
SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds
and SCAN will appear on the display. UseSCAN to
listen to stationsfor a few seconds.The radio will go to
a station, stopfor a few seconds, then goon to the next
station. Press one of the SEEK arrows again to stop
scanning. The sound willbe muted while scanning.
1. Press AM-FMto select the band.
by using TUNE or SEEK.
2. Find the station you want
3. Press TONE to select the setting you prefer.
5. The sound will mute. Whenit returns, release the
button. Whenever you press that numbered button,
the station you set will return and the TONE you
selected willbe automatically selectedfor that
button.
P SCAN:Press this buttonto listen to eachof your
preset stations for a few seconds.
The radio will goto
the first preset station, stopfor a few seconds, thengo
on to the next preset station. Press
P SCAN again to stop
scanning. If a preset station has weak reception, the
radio willnot stop at the preset station.
AUTO PRESET Press this button andthe system will
seek and set the12 strongest FM or the 6 strongest AM
stations on your preset buttons. To return to the stations
you manually set, press AUTO PRESET again.
3-13
Setting theTone
BASS: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turnthe
knob to increaseor decrease bass.
TREB: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decrease treble.
FADE: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turnthe
knob to move the soundto the frontor rear speakers.
Use the middle position to balance these speakers.
Push the knobs back in when you
are not using them.
Playing a Cassette Tape
Push the knobs backin when you are not using them.
The longer side with the tape visible should
face to the
TONE: This feature allows you to choose preset treble right. If the ignitionis on, but the radiois off, the tape
will begin playing.If you hear nothingor hear a garbled
and bass equalization settings designed for classical,
sound the tape may not be
in squarely. Press EJECT to
pop, rock,jazz, talk and country/western stations.
remove the tape and start over.
CLASS will appearon the display when you first press
TONE. Each time you press
it, another setting will
While the tapeis playing, use the VOLUME,FADE,
appear on the display. Press
it again after C& W
BAL, TREB and BASS controls
just as you dofor the
appears and MANUAL will appear. Tone control will radio. Other controls mayhave different functions when
return to the TREB andBASS knobs. Also, if you use
a tapeis inserted. The display will show an arrow to
the TREB and BASS knobs, control will return to them show which sideof the tapeis playing.
and MANUAL will appear.
If you want to insert a tape when the ignition
or radio is
off, first press EJECT or RECALL.
Note that the
Adjusting the Speakers
cassette tape adapter kits
for portable compact disc
BAL: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the
players may not work in your cassette player. These
knob to movethe sound to theleft or right speakers.
adapters can cause an error message onthe display, and
Use the middle position to balance these speakers.
the adapter cassette could be ejected.
Your tape biasis set automatically.
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label sideThe
.up.
player will pullit in. The disc should begin playing.
NEXT (2): Press this button to go to the next track.
If you hold the button or pressit more than once, the
player will continue moving forward through the disc.
The sound will be muted while seeking.
If you’re drivingon a very rough road orif it’s very hot,
The SEEK down and up arrows will also find the
the disc may not play and an error code may appear on
previous and next selectionson the disc.
the display. Press RECALLto take the errorcode off the
display. When things get back to normal, the disc should 44 (3): Press and hold this button to return to a passage
quickly. You will hear sound.
play. If the disc comes out,it could be that:
(4): Press and hold this button
to advance to a
The disc is upside down.
passage quickly. You will hear sound.
It is dirty, scratched or wet.
RAND (6):Press this button to hear the tracks in
It is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour and
random, rather than sequential, order.
try again.)
AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a disc
RECALL: Press this button tosee which trackis
is in the player.
playing. Pressit again within five seconds to
see how
If you turn off the ignitionor radio with a disc in the
long it has been playing. To change what
is normally
player, it will stay in the player. When you turn on the
shown onthe display (track or elapsed time), press the
ignition or system, the disc will start playing where
it
button until you see the display you want, then hold the stopped, if it was the last-selected audio source.
button untilthe display flashes.
SOURCE: Press this button to change to the discfunction
PREV (1): Press this button togo to the start of the
when the radio is on. When a disc is inserted,
the disc will
current track,if more than eight seconds have played. If play until you pressA M - F M . Then the disc will stop
you hold the button or press
it more than once, the
playing and the radio will play. Press SOURCE again to
player will continue moving back through the disc.
The
play a disc again. CD PLAY will show on the display.
sound will be muted while seeking.
EJECE Press this button to remove the disc.
The radio
will play.
.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCK" is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. It works by using a secret code to disable all radio
functions whenever battery poweris removed.
If THEFTLOCK is active, the THEFTLOCK indicator
will flash when the ignition is OFF.
1. Write down any three or four-digit number from 000
to 1999 and keep it in a safe place separate from
the vehicle.
2. Turn the ignition to the ACCESSORY or
RUN position.
3. Turn the radio off.
The THEFTLOCK feature for the radio may be usedor
ignored. If ignored, the system plays normally and the
radio is not protected by the feature.If THEFTLOCK is
activated, your radio will not operate if stolen.
4. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down
until --- shows on the display. Nextyou will use the
secret code number which youhave written down.
When THEFTLOCKis activated, the radio will display
LOC toindicate a locked condition anytime battery
power is removed. If your battery loses power for any
reason, you must unlock the radio with the secret code
before it will operate.
6. Press MIN again to makethe last two digits agree
with yourcode.
Activating the Theft-Deterrent Feature
The in,ydructions which follow explain how to enter your
secret code to activate the THEFTLOCK system. It is
recommended that you readthrough all nine steps
before starting the procedure.
NOTE: If you allow more than15 seconds to elapse
between any steps, the radio automatically reverts to
time and you muststart the Procedure over at Step4.
5. Press MIN and 000 will appear on the display.
7. Press H R S to make the first one or two digits agree
with yourcode.
8. Press AM-FM after youhave confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The display will show REP tolet you know that you
need to repeat Steps 5 through 7 to confirm your
secret code.
9. Press AM-FM and this time the display will show
SEC to let you know that your
radio is secure.
3-17
Unlocking the Theft-Deterrent Feature After a
Power Loss
Disabling the Theft-Deterrent Feature
2. Press MIN and000 will appearon the display.
2. Turn the radio off.
Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more than
Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more than 15 seconds between steps:
. '15 seconds between steps:
1. Turn the ignition to the ACCESSORY or
1. LOC appears when the ignitionis on.
RUN position.
3. Press MIN again to make the last two digits agree
3. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them
with your code.
down until SEC showson the display.
4. Press H R S to make the first one or two digits agree
4. Press MIN and 000 will appear on the display.
agree with your code.
5. Press MIN again to make the last two digits agree
5. Press AM-FM after youhave confirmed that the
with your code.
code matches the secret code you have written down.
6. Press HRS to make the firstone or two digits agree
The display will show SEC, indicating the radio
is
with your code.
now operable and secure.
7. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
I.I you enter the wrong
code eight times,INOP will
code matches the secret
code you have written down.
appear on the display. You will have to wait an hour
The display will show---,indicating that the radiois
with the ignition on before you can
try again. When you
no longer secured.
try again, you will only have three chances to enter the
If the code enteredis incorrect, SEC will appear on the
correct code before INOP appears.
display. The radio will remain secured until the correct
If you lose or forget your code, contact your dealer.
code is entered.
When battery poweris given to a secured radio,the
radio won't turn on andLOC will appear on the display.
Understanding Radio Reception
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give youthe best sound. ButF M signals
will reach only about10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 h)Tall
.
buildings or hillscan interfere with FM signals, causing
the soundto come and, go.
AM
.The range for most AM stations is greater than forFM,
!especially at.night. The longer range, however, can
cause stationsto interfere with each other.AM can pick
up noisefrom things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you everit.get
Tips About Your Audio System
Hearing damage from loud noise
is almost undetectable
until it is too late.Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal
can be loud
and harmfulto your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting the volume control on your radio
to a safe
sound level before your hearing adapts
to it.
To help avoid hearing lossor damage:
Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle like a tape player,
CB radio, mobile
telephone ortwo-way radio be sure you can
add whatyou want. If you can, it's very
important to doit properly. Added sound
equipment may interfere with the operationof
your vehicle's engine, Delco radio or other
systems, and even damage them. Your vehicle's
systems mayinterfere with the operationof
sound equipment that has
been added
improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment,
check with
your dealer andbe sure tocheck Federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
--
--
3-19
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player thatis not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should
be stored in their
cases awayfrom contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat.If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure the
of tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLN to indicate
that you have used your tape player 50
forhours without
resetting the tape clean timer. If you notice a reduction
in
sound quahty,try a known good cassette to see
if the tape
or the tape playeris at fault. If this other cassette has no
improvement in sound quality, clean the tape player.
Cleaning may be done with a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub
the tape head as the hubs
of the cleaner cassette turn.It
is normal forthe cassette to eject while cleaning because
your unit is equipped with a cut tape feature.
To
temporarily override this feature (for one insertion), turn
the radiooff and press and hold
TAPE AUX until the
tape symbol flashes on the display, then insert the
cassette again. Insert the cassette at least three times to
ensure thorough cleaning.A scrubbing action cleaning
cassette is available through your Buick dealer.
3-20
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which usesa cassette witha fabric belt to clean the
tape head.This type of cleaning cassette will not eject.
It
may not clean as thoroughlyas the scrubbing type cleaner.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality
may
degrade over time. Always make sure that the cassette
tape is ingood condition before you
have your tape
player serviced.
Care of Your Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store them
in their original cases
or other protective cases and away
from direct sunlight
and dust.If the surfaceof a disc is soiled, dampena
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and
clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling
discs. Pick up discsby grasping the outer edges or the
edge of the hole andthe outer edge.
Fixed Mast Antenna
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes
without being damaged.If the mast should ever become
slightly bent, youcan straighten it out by hand. If the
mast is badly bent, asit might beby vandals, you should
replace it.
Check every once in a while to be sure the is
mast
still
tightened to the fender.
Power AntennaMast Care
Your power antennawill look its best and work well
if
it’s cleanedfrom time to time.To clean the antenna
mast:
1. Turn on the ignition and radio to raise the antenna.
2. Dampen a clean cloth with mineral spirits
or
equivalent solvent.
3. Wipe the cloth over the mast sections, removing any
dirt.
4. Wipe dry with a clean cloth.
5. Make the antenna go up and down by turning
the
radio or ignition off and on.
6. Repeat if necessary.
NOTICE:
Before entering an automatic car wash, turn off
your radio to make the power antenna go down.
This will prevent the mast from possibly getting
damaged. If the antenna does not go down when
you turn the radio off, it may be damaged or
need to be cleaned.In either case, lowerthe
antenna by hand by carefully pressingthe
antenna down.
If the mast portion of your antenna
is damaged, you can
easily replaceit. See your dealer for a replacement
kit
and follow the instructionsin the kit.
I NOTICE:
Don’t lubricate the power antenna. Lubrication
could damage it.
3-21
NOTES
3-22
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about drivingis: Drive
defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device
in your
Buick: Buckle up.(See “Safety Belts” in the Index.)
Defensive driving really means“be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways,
it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestriansor other drivers are going to
be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might
do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Here you’ll find information about driving on different
kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve
also included many other useful tips on driving.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventableof
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving.You never
know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake
or turn suddenly.
4-1
Deah and injury associated with
dnnlung and drivingis
a national tragedy. It’s
the number one contributor to
the highway death toll, claiming thousands
of victims
every year.
The obvious way to solve this highway safety problem
is for people neverto drink alcohol and then drive. But
what if people do? How muchis “too much” ifthe
driver plansto drive? It’sa lot less than many might
think. Althoughit depends on each person and situation,
here is some general information on the problem.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs
to drive a
vehicle:
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC)
of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
Drunken Driving
0
Judgment
0
The amount of alcohol consumed
MuscularCoordination
0
The drinker’s body weight
Vision
0
The amount of food thatis consumed before and
during drinking
Attentiveness.
0 The length of time it has taken the drinker to
Police records show that almost half
of all motor
consume the alcohol.
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was drinkingAccording to the American Medical Association, a
and driving. In recent years, some
18,000 annual motor
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
vehicle-related deathshave been associated with the use (355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
of alcohol, with more than
300,000 people injured.
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the
of wine or three mixed drinks
if each had 1-1/2 ounces
adult population-- choose never to drink alcohol,
so
they never drive after drinking. For persons under 21, (45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
it’s againstthe law in everyU.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
3
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts.
For example, if
the same person drank three double martinis
(3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) withinan hour, the person’s
BAC would beclose to 0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food just before or during drinking willhave a
somewhat lowerBAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have
a lower relative percentage of body water than men.
4-3
The body takes about an hour to rid itself
of the alcohol
in one drink. No mount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed thatup. “I’ll be careful” isn’t the
right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to
is very dangerous.
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street? Drinking and then driving
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
A person with even a moderate
BAC might not be able
judgment can be affectedby even a smallamount
to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
of alcohol. You can have a serious or even
There’s somethingelse about drinking and driving that
fatal collision if you drive after drinking.
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that
Please don’t drink and driveor ride with a driver
alcohol in a person’s system
can make crash injuries
who has been drinking. Ride home in a cab;
or if
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord
or
you’re with a group, designate a driverwho will
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger-- is in a crash, that
not drink.
person’s chance of being killedor permanently disabled
is higher thanif the person had not been drinking.
--
--
Avoid needless heavy braking.Some people drive in
Anti-Lock Brakes
spurts -- heavy acceleration followedby heavy
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes(ABS). ABS is an
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This
is a
mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a braking skid.
hard stops.Your brakes will wearout much fasterif you
do a lot of heavy braking.If you keep pace withthe
When you start your engine and begin to drive away,
traffic and allow realistic following distances, you
will
your anti-lock brake system will check itself.
You may
eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means
hear a momentary motoror clicking noise while this test
better braking and longer brake life.
is going on, and youmay even notice that your brake
pedal moves alittle. This is normal.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
- If there’s a problem with the
normally but don’t pump your brakes.
If you do, the
pedal may get harder to push down.
If your engine
anti-lock brake system, this
stops, you willstill have some power brake assist. But
warning light will stayon.
you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist
is
See “Anti-Lock Brake
used up,it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
System Warning Light” in
will be harder to push.
4-6
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure faster
than any dnver could.The computer is programmed to
make the most of available tire and road conditions.
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say
the road is wet.
You’re driving safely. Suddenly an animal
jumps out in
front of you.
’
You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens with
ABS.
You can steer around the obstacle while braking hard.
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates
on
of the wheelsis about to stop rolling, the computer will wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
separately work the brakes at each
front wheel andat the
rear wheels.
4-7
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need Steering
to get yourfoot up to the brake pedal or always decrease
stopping distance.If you get too closeto the vehiclein
Power Steering
front of you, you won’thave time to apply your brakes
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave
enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have stops or the systemis not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Steering Tips
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down Driving on Curves
and let anti-lock work for you. You may hear the
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
anti-lock pump or motor operate, and feel the brake
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned
on
pedal pulsate, but thisis normal.
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Braking in Emergencies
Use your anti-lock braking system when you need to.
With anti-lock, youcan steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than eventhe very best braking.
4-8
Experienced driver or beginner, each of isussubject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves.
The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes
it
possible for the vehicle to change
its path when you turn
the front wheels.If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going in the same direction.
If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed.
Whde you’re
in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, youcome over ahill and
find a truck stopped in your lane,or a car suddenly pulls
Suppose you’re steering through sharp
a
curve. Then you
out from nowhere, or a child darts
out from between
suddenly accelerate. Both control systems
-- steering and
parked cars and stops right infront of you. You can
acceleration -- have to do their work where
the tires meet
avoid these problems by braking
-- if you can stopin
the road. Adding the sudden acceleration can demand too time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room. That’s
much of those places.You can lose control.
the time for evasive action-- steering around the
problem.
What should youdo if this ever happens? Ease up
on the
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle
the way you want it
me
Your Buick can perform very well in emergencies
to go, and slow down.
these. First apply your brakes. (See “Braking in
Emergencies” earlierin this section.) It is better to
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
remove as much speed as youcan from a possible
adjust your speed.Of course, the posted speeds are
collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left or
based on good weather and road conditions. Under
less
right depending on the space available.
favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speedas you approach a
curve, doit before you enterthe curve, while yourfront
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speedso you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait
to
accelerate until youare out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
4-9
Off-Road Recovery
You may find sometime that your right wheels have
dropped off the edge of
a road onto the shoulder while
you’re driving.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If youare holding the steering wheelat
the recornended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But youhave to act fast, steer quickly, and
just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations
are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at
all times and wear safety belts properly.
If the levelof the shoulder is only slightly belowthe
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease
off the
accelerator and then,if there is nothing in the
way, steer so
that your vehicle straddles the edge of
the pavement. You
can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter
turn until the
turn your
right fiont tire contacts the pavement edge. Then
steering wheel to go straight down the roadway.
0
Do not get too close to the vehicle you wantto pass
while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For
one thing,
following too closely reduces your
area of vision,
especially if you’re following a larger vehicle. Also,
you won’thave adequate spaceif the vehicle ahead
suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a reasonable
distance.
0
When it looks like a chance to passis coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right
lane and don’t
get too close. Time your move
so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move
into the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have
a
“running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happensto cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for another opportunity.
0
If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull
out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another
on a
two-lane highway waitsfor just the right moment,
accelerates, moves aroundthe vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicleon a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies thesame lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error
in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can
suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents-- the head-on collision.
So here are some tipsfor passing:
“Drive ahead.” Look downthe road, to the sides and to
crossroads for situations that might affect your passing
patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about
making a successful pass, wait for
a better time.
Watch for trafXc signs, pavement markings and lines.
If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a
turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken
center line usually indicates it’s
all right to pass
(providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross a solid
line on your sideof the lane or a double solid line,
even if the road seems empty of approaching traff“lc.
-
- 4-11
e Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start yourleft lane change signal before moving
out
of the rightlane to pass. When you are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see
its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move backinto the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror
is convex. The vehicle you
just passed may seemto be farther awayfrom you
than it really is.)
0
0
0
Try not to pass more thanone vehicle at a time
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the
tires meet the road to do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’tgive up. Keep trying to
steer and constantly seek an escape route
or area of
less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control
of the vehicle.
Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly. Defensive drivers avoid mostskids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not “overdriving”
Even though the brake lampsare not flashing,it may
those conditions. But skids are always possible.
be slowing downor starting to turn.
The three typesof skids correspond to your Buick’s
If you’re being passed, make
it easy for the
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
following driverto get ahead of you. Perhaps you
aren’t rolling. Inthe steering or cornering skid, too
can ease a littleto the right.
much speedor steering in a curve causes tires to slip and
lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too
much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid and an acceleration slud are best
handled by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.
Driving at Night
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you wantthe
vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your
vehicle may straighten out. Alwaysbe ready for a
second skid ifit occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow,ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll
want to slow down andadjust your driving to these
conditions. It is important to slow downon slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reducedtraction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower
gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to
slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery until
your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues -- such as enough water, ice or packed snow on
the road to make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow
down when youhave any doubt.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One
reason is that some driversare likely to be impaired-- by
alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
4-13
Here are some tipson night driving.
0
Drivedefensively.
Don’t drink and drive.
have less trouble adjusting to night.
But if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglassesat night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot
of things invisible.
Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
gl&e from headlamps behind you.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a secondor two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust the
to dark. When you
Since you can’t seeas well, you may needto slow
down and keep more space between you and other are faced with severe glare (as from a driver who
doesn’t lower the high beams,
or a vehicle with
vehicles.
misaimed headlamps), slow down little.
a
Avoid staring
Slow down, especially on higher speed roads.Your
directly into the approaching headlamps.
headlamps canlight up only so much road ahead.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
0 In remote areas, watch for animals.
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night
is made much
worse by dirt onthe glass. Even the insideof the glass
0 If you’re tired, pull offthe road in asafe place
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
and rest.
lights dazzle andflash more than clean glass would,
making the pupilsof your eyes contract repeatedly.
Night Vision
No one can see as wellat night as in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twice as much light to see
same thingat night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytimecan also affect your night
vision. For example,if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses.
Your eyes will
Remember that your headlamps light up far of
lessa
roadway when youare in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick
out dimly
the
‘
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should
checked regularlyfor proper aim,so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness -- the inability to see in dim light
-- and
aren’t even aware of
it.
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Rainandwetroadscanmeandrivingtrouble.
On awet
road, you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as dry
on roads.
And, if your tires don’thave much tread left, you’llget
even less traction. It’s always wise go
to slower andbe
cautious if rainstarts to fall while you are driving. The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper bladesare in go-odshape, a heavy rain
can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, theedge of the road and even
people walking.
It’s wiseto keep your windshield wiping equipment in
good shape and keepyour windshield washer tank
filled with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper
inserts when they show signs
of streaking or missing
areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to
separate from the inserts.
4-15
-
I
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work
well in a quick stop and may cause pulling
to one
side. You could lose controlof the vehicle.
of water or
After driving through a large puddle
a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until
your brakes work normally.
I
Driving too fast through large water puddles
or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try slow
to down before you hit them.
I
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride
on the water.
This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicleis hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But
it can if your
tires haven’t much treador if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standingon
the road. If youcan see reflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple”
the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard andfast rule about hydroplaning.The
best advice is to slow down whenit is raining.
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles or
standing water, water can come
in through your
engine’s air intake and badly damage your
engine. Never drive through water that is slightly
lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If you
can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive
through them very slowly.
Some Other Rainy Weathe
DS
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself
more clear room
ahead; and be preparedto have your view restricted
by road spray.
Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See
“Tires” in the Index.)
I/
4-17
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety
in city drrving:
Know the best way to get to where youare
going. Get a city map and plan your into
trip an
unknown part of the cityjust as you would for a
cross-country trip.
Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most
large cities. You’ll save time and energy. (See the
next part, “Freeway Driving.”)
Treat a green light as a warning signal.A traffic light
is there because the corner is busy enough to need it.
When a light turns green, and just before you
start
to move, check both ways for vehicles that have not
cleared the intersection or may be running
the red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets
is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
Freeway Driving
At the entrance, thereis usually a ramp that leads tothe
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive alongthe entrance ramp, you should begin
to
check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to mergeinto the gap at close to
the prevailing speed. Switchon your turn signal, check
your mirrors and glance over your shoulder
as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly withthe traffic flow.
Once youare on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted k t or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay
in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes,check your mirrors.Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to makesure there isn’t another vehicle in your
“blind” spot.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same
speed most of the other drivers
are driving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slowerat night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move the
to proper
lane well in advance.If you m i s s your exit, do not,
under any circumstances, stop and back up.
Drive on to
the nextexit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes
quite sharply.
4-19
The exit speed is usually posted.
Here are some things you can
check before a trip:
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not a Windshield Washer Fluid:Is the reservoir full? Are
to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
all windows clean inside and outside?
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you
are going
e Wiper Blades: Are theyin good shape?
slower than you actuallyare.
a Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
all levels?
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well rested. If you
e Lamps: Are they all working? Are thelenses clean?
must start when you’re notfresh -- such as after a day’s
a Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
work -- don’t planto make too many miles thatfirst part
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enoughfor
of the journey. Wearcomfortable clothing and shoes you
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
can easily drive in.
recommended pressure?
Is your vehicle readyfor a long trip? If you keep it
a Weather Forecasts:What’s the weather outlook
serviced andmaintained, it’s ready to go.If it needs
along yourroute? Should you delay yourtrip a short
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
time
to avoida major storm system?
you’ll find experienced andable service experts in
a Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Buick dealershipsall across North America. They’ll be
ready and willing to help
if you need it.
1g11w a y
Iry pllvlll;
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or isit just plain falling asleep at
the wheel? Callit
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch
of road with
the same scenery, along with the
hum of the tires onthe
road, the drone of the engine, and the rushof the wind
against the vehicle thatcan make you sleepy. Don’tlet it
happen to you! If it does, your vehiclecan leave the
road in less than a second, and you could crash and
be
injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First,
be
aware thatit can happen.
Then here are some tips:
0
Make sure your vehicleis well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
0
Keep your eyes moving.Scan the road ahead and to
the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
0
If you get sleepy, pulloff the roadinto a rest, service
or parking area andtake a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety, treat drowsinesson the highway as
an emergency.
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, iforyou're
planning to visit there, here
are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
0
Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system and
transmission. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
0
Know how to go down
hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the
slowing down.Shift to a lower gear when you
go
down a steep orlong hill.
1A
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL
or withthe
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakeswill have to
do all the workof slowing down. They could getso
hot that they wouldn't work well.You would then
have poor brakingor even none going downa hill.
You could crash. Always have your engine
running
and your vehiclein gear when you godownhill.
0
Know how togo uphill. You may want to shift down
to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine
and transmission, and you can climb the
hill better.
0
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don't swing wide orcut
across the centerof the road. Drive at speeds that
let
you stay in your own lane.
0
As you go over the top ofhill,
a be alert. There could be
something in your lane, like a stalled caranoraccident.
0
You may see highway signs on mountains thatwarn or
special problems. Examplesare long grades, passingor
no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or winding
roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.
CAUTION:
If you don't shift down,your brakes could get
so hot that they wouldn'twork well. You would
then have poorbraking or even none going
down a hill.You could crash. Shift downto let
your engine assistyour brakes on a steep
downhill slope.
4-22
I
Winter Driving
Here are some tipsfor winter driving:
Have your Buick in goodshape for winter.
You may want to put winter emergency suppliesin
your vehicle.
Include anice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washerfluid, a rag,some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth and a
couple of reflective warning triangles. And,
if you will
be driving undersevere conditions, include a small bag
of sand, a piece of old carpet
or a couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure
these itemsin your vehicle.
4-23
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where yourtires meet the
road probably have goodtraction.
However, if there is snowor ice between your tires and
the road, you canhave a very slipperysituation. You’ll
have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to be
very carefbl.
What’s the worst timefor this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or icecan be slick and hard to
drive on. But wet
ice can be evenmore trouble becauseit may offer the
least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it’s about
freezing (32°F; 0”C) and freezing rain begins tofall.
Try to avoid driving on wet
ice until salt and sand crews
can get there.
Whatever the condition- smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow -- drive with caution. Accelerate gently.
Try not to breakthe fragile traction, If you accelerate
too fast, the drive wheels will spin and polishthe surface
under the tires even more.
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’sstability
when you makea hard stop on a slippery road. Even
though youhave the anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index.
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an
otherwise clear road, icepatches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve or an overpass may
remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If
you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually on
the ice,and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you couldbe in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you knowfor sure that you are near help
and you canhike through the snow. Here are some
things to do to sumrnon help and keep yourself and your
passengers safe:
0
Turn on your hazard flashers.
4-25
Run your engine only as long as youmust. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster
than just idle.That is, push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuel forthe heat that you get and it keeps the
battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to
restart the vehicle, and possiblyfor signaling later on
with your headlamps.Let theheater run for awhile.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
and repeat this only when youfeel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do it as little aspossible. Preserve the
fuel as long as youcan. To help keep warm, you can get
out of the vehicle and do somefairly vigorous exercises
every half hour orso until help comes.
Loading Your Vehicle
'
TIRE-LOADING INFORMATION
OCCUPANTS
VEHICLE CAP. WT.
CTR.
FRT,
RR.
TOTAL LBS.
KG
MAX. LOADING & GVWR SAME AS VEHICLE
CAPACITY WEIGHT
XXX
COLD
TIRE
PRESSURE
TIRE
SPEED
SIZE
PSI/KPa
RTG
FRT.
RR.
SPA.
IF TIRES ARE HOT, ADD 4PS1/28KPa
SEE OWNER'S MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL
INFORMATION
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weightit
may properly carry,The Tire-Loading Information label
found on the rear edge of the driver's door tells you the
proper size, speed rating and recommendedinflation
pressures for the tires on your vehicle. It also gives you
important information about the number of people that
can be in your vehicle andthe total weight that you can
carry. This weight is called the vehicle capacity weight
and includes the weight of all occupants, cargo andall
options not installed in the factory.
-
4-23
MFD BY GENERAL MOTORS CORP
DATE
GVWR
GAWR FRT GAWB
RR
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE U.S. FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE
SAFETY, BUMPER, AND THEFT PREVENTION
STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE DATE OF
MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
The other labelis the Certification label, found on the
rear edge of the driver’s door.It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle, called the GVWR
(Gross Vehicle Weight Rating).The GVWR includes
the weight of the vehicle, all occupants,
fuel and cargo.
Never exceed the GVWR
for your vehicle,or the Gross
Axle Neight Rating (GAWR)for either the frontor
rear axle.
it
And, if youdo have a heavy load, you should spread
out. Don’t,carry more than 300 lbs. (135 kilograms) in
the rear areaof your wagonor 200 lbs. (90 kg) in the
trunk of your sedan.
Do not load yourvehicle any heaviertL--l
the GVWR,or either the maximum front or
rear GAWR. If you do, parts on yourvehicle
can break, or it can changeway
theyour
vehicle handles. These could causeyou to lose
control. Also, overloading can shorten the
life
of your vehicle.
NOTICE:
Your warranty does not coverparts or
components that fail
because of overloading.
If you put things inside your vehicle
-- like suitcases,
tools, packages,or anything else -- they will go as fast
as the vehicle goes. If you
have to stop or turn quickly,
or if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike and
injure people ina sudden stop or turn, or in a
crash.
0 Put things in thetrunk or rear area
of your
vehicle. In a trunk, putthem as farforward
as you can. Try to spread the weight evenly.
0 Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them are
above the tops of the seats.
0 Don’t leave an unsecured childrestraint in
your vehicle.
0 When you carry something insidethe
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
0 Don’t leavea seat folded down unless you
need to.
If you overload your station wagon, you could
damage parts of the vehicle and/or affect vehicle
handling. Either of these could cause you
to lose
control of the vehicle and you could beinjured.
Never carry more weightthan shown onthe
Certification label under “Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating (GVWR)” or “Gross Axle WeightRating
(GAWR).”
When loading your wagon:
1. Fold the second and third seats down.
2. Balance your loadfrom side to side and position
it so
that most of the weight
is forward of the rear axle.
You can help protect the loadfloor area and avoid
damage to the folding seats by placing plywood or
similar protection under your load.
3. Make sure thereare either three peoplein the front
seat or a total of 450 lbs. (205 kg).
4. If loaded to the maximum weight, or near
it, weigh
the wagon andits load to find the exact weight and
help decide how to position the load.
You can go to a
vehicle weigh station todo this.
4-29
If you don’t usethe correct equipment and drive
properly, you can lose control when you pull a
trailer. For example, if the trailer is too heavy,the
brakes may notwork well -- or even at all. You
and your passengers could be seriously
injured.
Pull atrailer only if you have followedall the
steps in this section. Ask your Buick
dealer for
advice and information about towing atrailer
with your vehicle.
I NOTICE:
PmilImg a trailer hnpropedy em damage your
vehicle and result in costly repairs not eavered by
y0.mwarranty. To puNa trailercorrectly, follow
h-this part.
the: ailvice
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
0
Don’t towa trailer at all during thefirst 1,000miles
(1 600 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could
be damaged.
0
Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over
50 mph (80 km/h) and
don’t make startsat full throttle. This helps your
engine and otherparts of your vehicle wear inat the
heavier loads.
0
Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don’t drive faster than the maximum posted speed
for trailers (orno more than 55 mph (90 km/h)) to
save wear on your vehicle’s parts. Avoid continuous
operation in mountainous areas that have grades
greater than two percent for longer than
5 miles
(8 km).
0
Change axle lubricant annuallyor every 7,500 miles
(12 500 km) of trailer towing, whichever occursfirst.
If you do,here are some important points:
0
There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rigwill be legal, not only where you
live but
also where you’ll be driving. A good source forthis
information can be state or provincial police.
0
You should alwaysuse a weight distributing
(equalizing) hitch if your trailer will weigh more
than 3,000 lbs.(1 362 kg). Consider using sway
control if your loaded trailer will weigh 3,000 lbs.
(1 362 kg) or more. You can ask a hitch dealer
about sway controls.
0
Consider using a sway control
if your trailer will
weigh 2,000 lbs. (900 kg) or less.You should always
use a swaycontrol if your trailerwill weigh more
than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg). You can ask a hitch dealer
about sway controls.
0
Trailers that weigh more than1,000 lbs. (454 kg)
should be equipped with trailer brakes.
0
Surge brakes may be used on some trailers (e.g., boat
trailers). However, surge brakes do not work well with
most sway control devices.Do not use sway control
devices on trailers equipped with surge brakes.
Three important considerationshave to do with weight:
the weight of the trailer,
the weightof the trailer tongue
and the total weighton your vehicle’s tires.
Weight of the Trailer
Weight of the ’Railer Tongue
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
The tongue load (A)of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because
it affects the total capacity
weight of your vehicle. The capacity weight includes the
curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you may carry in
it, and the people who will be riding
in the vehicle. And
if you will tow a trailer, you must subtract the tongue
load from your vehicle’s capacity weight because your
vehicle will be carrying that weight, too.
See “Loading
Your Vehicle” in the Index for more information about
your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
It should never weigh more than
2,000 lbs. (900 kg),
unless you have the optional5,000 lbs. ( 2 250 kg) trailer
towing package.But even that can be too heavy.
It also dependson how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle
is used to pull a
trailer are all important; And,it can also depend on any
special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Assistance Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550
In Canada, write to:
General Motorsof Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H8P7
4-32
A
B
If you’re using a “dead-weight” hitch, the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh10%of the total loaded trailer
weight (B). If you have a “weight-distributing” hitch,
the trailer tongue (A) should weigh 12%of the total
loaded trailer weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right
simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
Total Weighton Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the
recommended pressure for cold tires. You’ll find
these numbers onthe Certification label at the rear
edge of the driver’s door or see “Loading Your Vehicle”
in theIndex. Then be sure you don’t go overthe
GVW limit for your vehicle, including the weight of
the trailer tongue.
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roadsare a
few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Here are
some rules to follow:
0
If you’ll be pulling a trailer that, when loaded, will
weigh more than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg), be sure to use a
properly mounted, weight-distributing hitch and
sway control of the proper size. This equipment is
very important for proper vehicle loading and good
handling when you’re driving.
Will you have to make anyholes in the bodyof your
vehicle whenyou install a trailer hitch? If you do,
then be sure to seal the holes later when you remove
the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadlycarbon
monoxide (CO)from your exhaust can get into your
vehicle (see “Carbon Monoxide” in theIndex). Dirt
and watercan, too.
The bumpers on your vehicle are not intended
for hitches. Do not attachrental hitches or
other bumper-type hitches to them. Useo d y
a frame-mounted hitch that does not attach
to the bumper.
4-33
I
Using A Weight-Carrying Trailer Hitch
(Recommended for loaded trailers weighing less than
3,009 lbs. or 1 362 kg.)
The trailer tongue should weigh10 percent of the
total trailer load (maximum300 lbs. or 136 kg) or as
specified by the trailer manufacturer to minimize sway.
Your vehicle is equipped with an Electronic Level
Control (ELC) feature. When hooking up a trailer
using a weight-hstributing hitch, always use the
following procedure:
0
Place the vehicle on a level surface without the
trailer hitched. With the ignition
off, and all doors
closed, allow the vehicle to level automatically.
0
Trailer Hitching Procedure Using
A
Weight-Distributing (Equalizing) Hitch
Disable the Electronic Level Control (ELC) by
pulling the LEVELCTRL fuse from the underhood
electrical center located on
the passenger-side wheel
housing in the engine compartment. Remove
the
cover to gain access.
0
Attach the trailer to the vehicle. The trailer tongue should
weigh 12 percent of the total loaded trailer weight.
(Recommended for loaded trailers weighing 3,000 lbs.
to 7,000 lbs. or 1 362 kg to 3 178 kg.)
0
Level the vehicle withthe load-leveling spring
bars (equalizers).
0
Trailers that weigh more than 1,000 lbs.(454 kg)
should be equipped with trailer brakes.
Consider using sway control if your loaded trailer
will weigh 3,000 lbs. (1 362 kg) or more.
Using a weight-distributing hitch without disabling the 0 Leave the fuse out while towing your trailer.
Electronic Level Control (ELC) system may defeat the
be sure to
purpose of the weight-distributing hitch. Also, your rear Once you have completed towing your trailer,
reinstall
the
Electronic
Level
Control
(ELC)
fuse.
tires may become overloaded.A weight-distributing
hitch should spread the load to all axles. If you use a
weight-distributing hitch, always disable the
ELC by
following the proper steps.
I
I
I
I
In Addition
0
Use at least one friction sway control if your trailer
is over 2,000 lbs. (900 kg) loaded weight, and
consider using one for trailers under 2,000 lbs.
(900 kg).
0
Trailers that weigh more than 1,000lbs. (454 kg)
should be equipped with trailer brakes.
0
Surge brakes work with mostweight-distributing
hitches as long asall the equipment is properly
installed. Check withthe hitch manufacturer for
advice and installation instructions.
Safety Chains
You should alwaysattach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Crossthe safety chains under the tongue
of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop tothe road
if it becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions
about safety chains may be provided by the hitch
manufacturer orby the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety
chains and do notattach them tothe bumper. Always
leave just enough slack so you can turn with yourrig.
And, never allowsafety chains to drag on the ground.
Trailer Brakes
If your trailer weighs more than1,000 lbs. (450 kg)
when loaded, thenit needs its own brakes -- and
they must be adequate. Besure to read and follow
the instructions for the trailer brakes so you’ll be able
to install, adjust and maintain them properly.
Because you have anti-lock brakes, do nottry to tap into
your vehicle’s brakesystem. If you do, both brake
systems won’t work well,or at all.
Driving witha Trailer
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know yourrig. Acquaint yourself withthe feel of
handling and braking withthe added weightof the
trailer. And always keepin mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehcle is by itself.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then applythe trailer brake controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working.This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
Making Turns
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and
a n i trailer brakes
are still working.
Following Distance
N
O
(
C
T
E
I
:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
Stay at least twiceas far behind the vehicle ahead as you
would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This
can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking
and sudden turns.
Passing
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider
turns than
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strikesoft shoulders,
curbs, road signs, trees or other objects. Avoid jerky or
longer, you’ll need togo much farther beyond the
sudden maneuvers. Signal wellin advance.
passed vehicle before you can return
to your lane.
Backing Up
Turn Signals When Towinga Trailer
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel withone hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left,
just move that hand
to the left.To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if
possible, have someone guide you.
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need a different
turn signal flasher and/or extra wiring.Check with your
Buick dealer.
The arrows on your instrument panel will flash
whenever you signal a turn
or lane change. Properly
hooked up, the trailer lamps
will also flash, telling other
drivers you’re about to turn, change lanes or stop.
4-36 ~
Parking on Hills
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on thetrailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind
you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s
important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
You really should not park yourvehicle, with a trailer
attached, on a hill. If something goes wrong, yourrig
could start to move.People can be injured, and both
your vehicle and the trailer can be damaged.
Driving On Grades
But if you ever have to park yourrig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’tshift
down, you mighthave to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and nolonger work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down andreduce your
speed to around 45 mph (70 km/h)
to reduce the
possibility of engine and transmission overheating.
If you are towing a trailer that weighs morethan
2,000 lbs. (900 kg), you should drive in THIRD (3)
instead of AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (a)
or, as you
need to, a lower gear. This will help your transmission.
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shiftinto
PARK (P) yet.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocksare in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking
brake, and then shift to PARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
4-37
When You Are Ready to Leave Mter
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
Start your engine;
@
Shift into a gear; and
Release the parlung brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the traileris clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someonepick~upand store the chocks.
Engine Cooling When Trailering
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during
severe operating conditions such as:
Climbing grades steeper than four percent at
temperatures above90°F (32"C) with a loaded
vehicle and trailer.
Stopping after high-speed driving.
Idling for long periods in stop-and-go traffic.
4-:
If the TEMP warning light comes on, pull to the side
of the road as soon as
it issafe to doso. When the
vehicle is at a complete stop, shift the transmission
selector to PARK (P) and allow the engine idle.
to If
your Electronic Climate Control system is on, shut
it off.
Do not turnoff the engine or increase engine speed
above a normal idle. Within
two or three minutes, the
system should cool sufficiently, and you can turn on the
Electronic Climate Control.At that time, resume driving
at a reduced speed. Return
to normal driving after
10 minutes if the TEMP warning light
is not displayed.
Maintenance WhenDailer Towing
Your vehicle will need servict Lore often when you're
pulling a trailer.See the Mainmance Schedule for more
on this. Things that are especially important
in trailer
operation are automatic transmission fluid (don't
overfill), engine oil, axle lubricant, belts, cooling system
and brake adjustment. Each of these
is covered in this
manual, and the Index will help you find them quickly.
If you're trailering, it's a good idea to review these
sections before youstart your trip.
Check periodically tosee that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
NOTES
4-39
NOTES
4-40
B
To turn off the flashers, pull
button.
the on out
NOTICE:
Ignoring these steps couldresult in costly damage
to your vehicle that wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
Trying to start your Buick by pushingor pulling
it won’t work,and it could damage your vehicle.
When the hazard warning flashers
are on, your turn
signals won’t work.
Other WarningDevices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about300 feet (100 m) behind
your vehicle.
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some
jumper cables to start your
Buick. But please use the following steps
to do it safely.
Batteries can hurt you. They can be dangerous
because:
They contain acid that can burn you.
They contain gas that can explode or ignite.
They contain enough electricity toburn you.
If you don’t follow these steps exactly, some
or all
of these things can hurt you.
. Check the other vehicle.It must have a 12-volt
.battery with a negative ground system.
.5-2
1 NOTICE:
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a
negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged.
2. Get the vehiclesclose enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other.If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want.You wouldn’t be able to
start your Buick, andthe bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories pluggedinto the cigarette
lighter. Turnoff all lamps that aren’t needed as well
as radios.This will avoid sparks andhelp save both
batteries. In addition,it could save your radio!
I NOTICE:
If you leave your radio on, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered
by
your warranty.
4. ,Open the hoods and locate the batteries.
Find the positive(+) and negative(-) terminals
on each battery.
5-3
1 A CAUTION:
rUsing a matchnear a battery can causebattery
gas to explode. Peoplehave been hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded. Use
a flashlight if
you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water.You don't
need to add water to the Delco Freedom@battery
installed in every newGM vehicle. Butif a
battery has filler caps, besure the right amount
of fluid is there.If it is low, add water to take
care of that first. If you don't, explosive gas
could be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Don't get it on you.If you accidentally getit in
your eyes or on your skin, flushthe place with
water and get medical help immediately.
5-4
5. Check that the jumper cables don't have loose
or
missing insulation.If they do, you could get a shock.
The vehicles couldbe damaged, too.
Before you komect the cables, here are some basic
things you should know. Positive(+) will go to
positive (+) and negative(-) will go to negative(-)
or a metal engine part. Don't connect positive
(+) to
negative (-) or you'll get a short that would damage
the battery and maybe other
parts, too.
A CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engineparts can injure you
badly. Keep yourhands away from moving parts
once the engines are running.
8. Now connect the
black negative(-) cable
to the good battery’s
negative (-) terminal.
I
7. Don’t let the other
end touch metal.
Connect it to the
positive (+) terminal
of the good battery.
Don’t let the other end touch anything until the next
step. The other end of the negative cabledoesn’t go to
the dead battery.It goes to a heavy unpainted metal part
on the engineof the vehicle with the dead battery.
5-5
u,
Remove the cables in reverse order to prevent
electrical shorting.Take care that they don’t touch
each otheror any other metal.
9. Attach the cable at least 18 inches (45 cm) away
from the dead battery, but not near engine parts that
move. The electrical connectionis just as good there,
but the chance of sparks getting backto the batteryis
much less.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
11. Try to startthe vehicle with the dead battery.
If it won’t start after few
a tries, it probably
needs service.
A. Heavy Metal EnginePart
B. Good Battery
C . Dead Battery
I
Front Towing
Tow Limits -- 35 mph (55 km/h), 50 miles (80 km)
I
A vehicle can fallf n a car carrierif it isn’t
adequately secured.This can cause a collision,
serious personalinjury andvehicle damage.The
vehicle should be tightly secured with
chains or
steel cables beforeit is transported.
Don’t usesubstitutes (ropes, leather straps,
canvas webbing, etc.)that can be cut by sharp
edges underneath the towed vehicle. Always use
T-hooks inserted in the T-hook slots. Never use
J-hooks. They willdamage drivetrain and
suspension components.
When your vehicleis being towed, have the ignition
key OFF’. The steering wheel should be clamped in a
straight-ahead position, witha clamping device
designed for towing service.
Do not use the vehicle’s
steering column lockfor this. The transmission should
be in NEUTRAL(N) and the parking brake released.
5-8
Attach T-hook chains on
both sides, in the slotted
holes in the sideof the
frame rails, behind the
front wheels.
These slotsare to be used when using sling type
equipment or when loading and securing to car
carrier equipment.
Attach a separate
safety chain aroundthe
outboard end of each
lower control arm.
Rear Towing
Position the sling crossbar just behnd the rear edge of
the front fascia.
Attach T-hook chains to the
slots in the frame rails just
ahead of the rear wheelson
both sides.
These slots are to be used
when usingsling type
equipment or when
loading and securing to
car carrier equipment.
5-9
Engine Overheating
You will find a coolant temperature gage and the
warning light abouta hot engine on your instrument
panel. You will also find alow coolant warning lig;ht on
your instrument panel.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
Steam from an overheated engine can burnyou
badly, evenif you just open the hood. Stay away
from the engine if you seeor hearsteam coming
from it. Just turn itoff and get everyone away
from the vehicle until it cools down. Waituntil
there is no signof steam or coolant before
opening the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire. You or
others could be badlyburned. Stop your engine if
it overheats, and get out of the vehicle until the
engine is cool.
I NOTICE:
If your engine catchesfire because you keep
driving with no coolant,your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty.
5-11
I
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
If you get the overheat warning but see or hear no
steam, the problemmay not be too serious. Sometimes
the engine can get a little too hot when you:
Climb a longhill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
,
e.. Idle for long periods in traffic.
@
’
Towa trailer.
If you get the overheat warning with
no sign of steam,
try this for a minute
or so:
1. Turn off your air conditioner.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the window as necessary.
3. If you’re in a trafficjam, shift to NEUTRAL(N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving -- AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE(@)
or THIRD (3).
5-12
If you no longer have the overheat warning,you can drive.
Just to besafe, drive slower for about10 minutes. If the
warning doesn’t come back on, you can drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, you can idle the engine
for two or three minutes while you’re parked, see
to if
the warning stops. But then, if you still have
the
warning, turn o f t h e engine and get everyone out of
the vehicle until it cools down.
You may decide notto hft the hood butto get service
help right away.
When youdecide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
An electric fan under the hood can start up even
when the engine is not running and can injure
you. Keep hands, clothing and tools away from
any underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else untilit cools down.
1. Coolant Surge Tank
2. Electric Engine Fans or Mechanical Fan
and Electric Fan
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Don’t touch them.
If yon
do, youcan be burned.
Don’t run the engine if there is a leak.If you run
the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire,and you could beburned.
Get any leak fixed before youdrive the vehicle.
The coolant level shouldbe at or aboveFULL COLD. If
it isn’t, you may have a leakin the radiator hoses, heater
hoses, radiator, water pump or somewhere else in the
cooling system.
I NOTICE:
Engine damagefrom running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered
by your warranty.
~~
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine
on, check to
see if the electric engine fans
are running. If the engine
is overheating, both fans should
be running. If they
aren’t, your vehicle needs service.
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant Surge
Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet,
but the coolant level
isn’t at FULL COLD, add a50/50 mixture of clean
water (preferably distilled) and DEX-COOLTM
antifreeze at the coolant surge tank, but
be sure the
cooling system, including the coolant surge tank
pressure cap, is cool before you doit. (See “Engine
Coola,nt” b.the Index for more information.)
’I’
__ :.
-=A
._-
._
~
=
.~
A CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids froma hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. Theyare
under pressure, and if you turn the coolant surge
tank pressure cap even a little they can come
out at high speed. Neverturn the cap when the
cooling system, includingthe coolant surge tank
pressure cap,is hot. Waitfor the cooling system
and coolant surge tank pressure cap to cool if you
ever have toturn the pressure cap.
--
--
~
~.
~~~~
~~
I
~~
Adding only~plainwater to your cooling system
can be dangerous.Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol,can boil beforethe proper
coolant mix will. Your vehicle’scoolant warning
system is set €or the propercoo€antmix. With
CAUTION: (Continued)
5-15
I
plain water or the wrong mix,your engine could
get toohot but you wouldn’t getthe overheat
warning. Your engine could catchfire and you or
others could beburned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean
water and DEX-COOL antifreeze.
I NOTICE:
In cold weather,water can freezeand crack the
engine, radiator, heater core and other parts. So
use the recommended coolant.
You can be burned if you spill coolant onhot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts arehot
enough. Don’t spill coolant onhot
a engine.
5-16
-
1. You can remove the
coolant surge tank
pressure cap when
the cooling system,
including the coolant
- surge tank pressurecap
and upper radiator
hose, is no longer hot.
Turn the pressure cap slowly about one-quarter turn to
the left and then stop.
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
8
1
5. Thenreplacethe
pressure cap. Be
If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for atire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If
air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But ifyou should everhave a “blowout,” hereare a few
tips about whatto expect and what todo:
If a front tire fails, theflat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that
side. Take yourfoot off the
accelerator pedal andgrip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake
to
a stop well outof the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much
like a
skid and may require the
same correction you’d usein a
skid. In any rear blowout, remove your
foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle
to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible.
If a tire goesflat, the next part shows how
to use your
iacking equipment to change a flat,tire safelv.
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowlyto a level place. Turnon your hazard
warning flashers.
Changing a tire can causean injury. The vehicle
can slip off the jack androll overyou or other
people. You and they could be badlyinjured.
Find a level placeto change your tire. To help
prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brakefirmly.
2. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
3. Turn off the engine.
To be even morecertain the vehicle won’t move,
you can put blocks at the front and rear
of the
tire farthestaway from the one being changed.
That would bethe tire on the other side of the
vehicle, at the opposite end.
The following steps will tell you
how to use thejack and
change a tire.
5-19
Removing the Spare Tireand Tools
To access the equipment in
your wagon, turnthe slotted
release button locatedon the
rear edge of the cover.
After you have changed theflat tire and have replaced
the equipment,be sure to alignthe slotted release button
and turn it to secure the trim panel.
The equipment you'll need is inthe trunk if you have
a
sedan. Turnthe wing nut on the screw counterclockwise
to removeit. Remove the wheel wrench,spare tire and
the jack from the trunk.
The equipment for the wagonis in the rear
storage compartment.
Remove the cover by pulling it away from the window
and then sliding it towardthe rear, lifting it up. andout
of the lowertrack. The-wagontire changing, equipment
can now be removed.
I:
I
Removing the FlatTire and Installing the
Spare Tire
1. Using the wheel wrench, loosenall the wheel nuts.
Don’t remove them yet.
2. Attach the whee-l
wrench to the bolt
at the end of the
jack. Rotate the
wheel wrench
clockwise to
slight1y.raisethe
lift head.
A CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle whenit is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slipsoff the jack, you
could be badlyinjured orkiIled. Never getunder
a vehicle whenit is supported only bya jack.
NOTICE:
Raising your vehicle withthe jackimproperly
positioned will damage the vehicle or may allow
the vehicle to fall off the jack. Be sure to fit the
jack lift head into the proper location before
raising your vehicle.
5-23
3. Position thejack under the vehicle, near the flat tire.
There are two holes in the
frame near eachof the
wheels. Raise thejack so the lift head fits into the
large circular hole.
5-24
4. Raise the vehicle by rotating the wheel wrench
clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough
off the ground
so there is enough room for the spare tirefit.to
5. Remove all the wheel nuts and take
off the flat tire.
6. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces and
spare wheel.
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, canmake the wheel nuts
become looseafter a time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. Whenyou change a
wheel, removeany rust or dirt
from the places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, youcan use a clothor a paper towel
to do this; but be sure to use ascraper or wire
brush later, if you need to,to get all the rust or
dirt off.
Never use oilor grease onstuds or nuts. If you
do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel could
fall off, causinga serious accident.
7. Replace the wheel
nuts with the
rounded endof the
nuts towardthe
wheel. Tighten
each nut by hand
until the wheel
is held against
the hub.
8. Lower the vehicleby rotating the wheel wrench
counterclockwise. Lower the vehicle completely.
9. Tighten the
wheel nuts firmly
in a criss-cross
sequence as shown.
5-26 -
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperlytightened
wheel nuts cancause the wheel to become loose
and even come off. This could lead toan accident.
Be sure touse thecorrect wheel nuts. If you have
to replace them, besure toget new GM original
equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhereas soon as you can and have the
nuts tightened with a torque wrench to100 lb-ft
(140 N-m).
NOTICE:
Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead to
brake pulsation and rotordamage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts inthe proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification.
Don’t tryto put a wheel cover on your compact spare
tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel cover in the trunk or
rear area until youhave the flat tire repaired or replaced.
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools
I
1
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
NOTICE:
Wheel covers won’t€it on your compact spare.
If you try to put a wheel cover onyour compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.
5-27
I
1. Pillar Trim Panel
2. Floor Channel
3. Cover
4. Clip
f 28
5.
6.
7.
8.
Disc
Wing Nut
Bolt
Wing Bolt
9. Wrench
10. Jack
11. Lift Strap
On thestation wagon, slide the back of the jack base
into the retainer in the storage area. Put the wing bolt
through the hole in the wrench, then through thehole in
the jack. Tighten the wing bolt into the fastener in the
storage area. Put the flat or spare into thestorage well
with the valve stem pointed toward you.Insert the hook
end of the bolt through the wheel andinto theretainer in
the well. Put the disc onto the bolt, then tighten the wing
nut on the bolt. Attach the tire lift strap to its retainer.
To replace the trim cover, put the lower edge of the
cover into the floor track. Slide the cover toward the
front of the vehicle, making sure the front tab goes
behind the edge. Insert therear edge of the cover into
the track, adjusting it to fit over the weatherstrip. Snap
the frontedge of the cover into place. Align the slotted
button at the rear edge of the cover and turn it to secure
the trim panel.
On the sedan, replace the jack, flator spare tire, and
wheel wrench and tightenthe wing nut onthe screw.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
WingNut
Wrench
Compact Spare
Full-Size Spare or Flat Tire
Jack Cover (If Provided)
Jack
Screw (Hold-down)
Floor Bracket
Compact SpareTire (If So Equipped)
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated
when your vehicle was new,
it can lose air after a time.
Check the inflation pressure regularly.It should be
60 psi (420 kPa).
After installing the compact spare on your vehicle, you
should stop as soon as possible
and rnake sure your
spare tire is correctly inflated.The compact spareis
made to perform wellat posted speed limits for
distances up to3,000 miles (5 000 km), so you can
finish your trip andhave your full-size tire repaired or
replaced where you want.Of course, it’s bestto replace
your spare with a full-size
tire as soon as you can. Your
spare will last longer and be
in good shape incase you
need it again.
Your anti-lock brake system warning light may come on
when youare driving with a compact spare.
See
“Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light” in the Index.
NOTICE:
When the compact spare is installed, don’ttake
your vehicle through an automatic car wash with
guide rails. The compact spare can getcaught on
the rails. That can damagethe tire andwheel,
and maybe other parts of your vehicle.
Don’t use your compact spareon other vehicles.
And don’t mix your compactspare tire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They won’t
fit. Keep your spare
tire andits wheel together.
NOTICE.:
Tire chains won’tfit your compact spare. Using
them can damage your vehicle and can damage
the chains too. Don’t usetire chains onyour
compact spare.
1
If You’re Stuck:In Sand, Mud, Iceor
Snow
What you don’t want todo when your vehicleis stuck is
to spin your wheels toofast. The method known as
“rocking” canhelp you get out when you’re stuck,but
you must use caution.
I NOTICE:
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your
vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the wheels
too fast while shiftingyour transmission back
and forth,you can destroyyour transmission.
~~
CAUTION:
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains” in the Index.
--
If you let your tires spin at high speed, :y 4 1
explode, and you or others could be injured. And,
the transmission or other partsof the vehicle can
overheat. That could causean engine
compartment fire or other damage. When you’re
stuck, spin the wheels as little as possible. Don’t
spin the wheels above 35 mph (55 kmh) as shown
on the speedometer.
’
Rocking Your Vehicleto Get it Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. Then shift back
and forth betweenREVERSE (R) and a forward gear,
spinning the wheelsas little as possible. Release the
accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly
on
the accelerator pedal when the transmission
is in gear.
If that doesn’t get you out afterfew
a tries, you may
need to be towedout. If you do need to be towed out,
see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
5-31
NOTES
Section 6 Service and Appearance Care
Here you wdl find information about the care
of your
Doing Your Own Service Work
Buick. This section begins with service andfuel
If you want to do someof your own service work, you’ll
information, and thenit shows how to check important fluid
want to get the proper Buick Service Manual. It tells you
and lubricant levels. There isalso technical information
much more about how to
service your Buick than this
about your vehicle, anda part devoted to its appearance care.
manual can. To order the proper service manual, see
“Service and OwnerPublications” in the Index.
Service
Your vehicle has an air bagsystem. Before attempting to
Your Buick dealer knows your vehicle best and wants
do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air
you to be happy withit. We hope you’ll go to your
Bag-Equipped Buick” in the Index.
dealer for all your service needs. You’ll getgenuine GM
You should keep a record with all parts receipts andlist
parts and GM-trained and supported service people.
the mileage and the date of any service work you
We hope you’ll want to keep.your GM vehicle all GM.
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Index.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Delco
6-1
Fuel
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try todo service work on
a
vehicle without knowing enough
about it.
Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, and the properreplacement
parts andtools before youattempt any
vehicle maintenance task.
0 Be sure to use the propernuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English”and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused.If you use
the wrong fasteners,parts can later break
or fall off. You could behurt.
6-2
Use regular unleaded gasoline rated 87
at octane or
higher. At a minimum, it should meet specifications
ASTM D48 14in the United States and CGSB
3.5-M93
in Canada. Improved gasoline specifications have been
developed by the American Automobile Manufacturers
Association (AAMA) for better vehicle performance
and engine protection. Gasolines meeting
the AAMA
specification could provide improved driveability and
emission control system protection compared to
other gasolines.
Be sure the posted octane
is at least 87. If the octaneis
less than 87, you may
get a heavy knocking noise when
you drive. If it’s bad enough,it can damage your engine.
If you’re using fuel ratedat 87 octane or higher and you
still hear heavy knocking, your engine needs service.
But don’tworry if you hear a little pinging noise when
you’re accelerating ordnving up a hill. That’s normal,
and you don’t have to buy a higher octane
fuel to getrid
of pinging. It’s the heavy, constant knock that means
you have a problem.
If your vehicle is certified to meetCalifornia Emission
Standards (indicated on the underhood tune-up label), it
is designed to operate on fuels that meet California
specifications. If such fuels arenot available in states
adopting California emissions standards, your vehicle
will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system performance
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp on
your instrument panel may turn onand/or your vehicle
may fail a smog-check test. If this occurs, return to your
authorized Buick dealer for diagnosis to determine the
cause of failure. In the event it isdetermined that the
cause of the condition is the type of fuels used, repairs
may not be covered by your warranty.
In Canada, somegasolines contain an octane enhancing
additive called MMT. If such fuels areused, your
emission control system performance maybe affected.
The malfunction indicator lamp on your instrument
panel may also turn on. If this occurs, return to your
authorized Buick dealer for service.
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines are now required to
contain additives that will help preventdeposits from
forming in your engine and fuel system, allowing your
emission control system tofunction properly. Therefore,
you should nothave to add anythingto the fuel.In
addition, gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers
and ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be
available in your area to helpclean the air. General
Motors recommends that you usethese gasolines if they
comply with the specifications described earlier.
NOTICE:
Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Don’t use It
it. can corrode
metal parts in your fuel system and
also damage
plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t
be covered under your warranty.
6-3
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on drivingin another countryoutside the
United States or Canada,the proper fuel may be hard to
find. Never use leadedgasoline or any other fuel not
recommended in theprevious text on fuel. Costly repairs
caused by use of improper
fuel wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an autoclub, or
contact a major oil company that does business inthe
country whereyou’ll be driving.
You can also writeus at the following addressfor
advice. Just tell us where you’re going and give your
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation
North American ExportSales (NAES)
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, OntarioL1H 8P7
Filling Your Tank
Gasoline vaporis highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don’t smokeif you’re near gasoline
or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames, and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
I
:
The sedan gas capis behind the rear license plate.
6-4 -
:
’
I
Y:
If you get gasolineon yourself and then
something ignitesit, you could be badlyburned.
Gasoline canspray out on youif you open the
fuel fillercap too quickly.This spray can happen
if your tank is nearly full, and is more likely in
hot weather. Open the fuel fillercap slowly and
wait for any “hiss” noiseto stop. Then unscrew
the cap all the way.
The wagon gascap is behind a hinged dooron the
driver’s side of your vehicle.
While refueling, hang the
cap inside the fuel door.
To take off the cap, turnit slowly to the left
(counterclockwise).
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline
from
painted surfaces as soonas possible. See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Buick”in the Index.
When you put the cap
back on, turn it to the right until
you hear at least three clicks. Make
sure you fully install
the cap.The diagnostic systemcan determine if the fuel
cap hasbeen left off or improperly installed.This would
allow fuel to evaporateinto the atmosphere. See
“Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in the Index.
6-5
I NOTICE:
If you need a newcap, be sure to getthe right
type. Yourdealer can get onefor you. If you get
the wrong type,it may not fit or have proper
venting, and your fuel tank andemissions system
might be damaged.
Checking Things Under the Hood
I
An electric fan under the hood canstart upand
injure you even whenthe engine is not running.
Keep hands, clothingand tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
c
Things that burncan geton hot engine parts and
start a fire. These include liquids like gasoline,
oil, coolant,brake fluid, windshield washerand
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or others
could beburned. Be careful not to drop orspill
things that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
To open the hood, first pull
the handle inside the
vehicle. It islocated on the
lower left side of the
instrument panel, next to the
parking brake.
Then go to the front of the vehicle and release the
secondary hoodrelease.
6-7
B. Coolant
Surge
Tank
Dipstick
Engine
Oil
C.
D. Automatic Transmission Dipstick
E.
Cleaner
Air
F. Cap
Engine
Fill
Oil
G. Reservoir
Brake
Fluid
H. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
I. Windshield
Washer
Reservoir
J. Engine
Fans
ng the hood, be sure all the filler caps are on properly. Then just pull the hood down and
it firmly.
close
Engine Oil
LOW
OIL
LEVEL
If the LOW OIL
LEVEL light on the
instrument panel
comes on, it means
you need tocheck
your engine oillevel
right away.
For more information, see
in the Index. You should check
your engineoil level regularly;this is an added reminder.
It’s a good idea to check your engine oilevery time you
get fuel. In order to get anaccurate reading, the oil must
be warm and thevehicle must be on level ground.
Turn off the engine and givethe oil a few minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick
might not showthe actual level.
6-a
Cklring Engir: Oil
When to A -- J Oil
Pull out the dipstick and cleanit with a paper towel
or
cloth, then pushit back in all the way. Removeit again,
the level.
keeping the tip down, and check
If the oil is at or below the
ADD line, then you’ll need to
add some oil. But you must use the right
land. This part
explains what kindof oil to use. For crankcase capacity,
see “Capacities and Specifications” in the Index.
I NOTICE:
Don’t add too much
oil. If your engine hasso
much oil that the oil level gets above the
cross-hatched area that shows the proper
operating range, your engine could be damaged.
Just fill it enough to put the level somewhere
in the
proper operating range. Push the dipstick all way
the
back in when you’re through.
6-10
What Kind of Oil to Use
Oils recommendedfor your vehicle canbe identified by
looking for the "Starburst" symbol. This symbol
indicates that theoil has been certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).Do not use anyoil which
does not carry this Starburst symbol.
If you change your
own oil, be sure you
use oil that hasthe
Starburst symbolon
the front of the oil
container.
RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS
FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COLD STARTING, SELECT THE LOWEST
SA€ VISCOSITY GRADE OIL FOR THE EXPECTED TEMPERATURE RANGE.
HOT
WEATHER
I
"C
t 100-
+ 38
+EO-
+ 27
+ 60 -
+ 16
+40-
t4
+ 20 -
-7
0-
If you have your oil changedfor you, be sure theoil put
into yourengine is American Petroleum Institute
certified for gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosityoil for your
vehicle, as shownin the following chart:
IJ
"F
- 18
I
-
Si
I
-
SAE 5W-30
PREFERRED
COLD
WEATHER
DO NOT USE SAE 2OW-50 OR ANYOTHER
GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED
6-11
As shown in the chart,SAE 5W-30 is best for your
vehicle. However, youcan use SAE 1OW-30 if it’s going
to be 0°F (- 18” C) or above.These numbers on anoil
container showits viscosity, or thickness. Do not use
other viscosity
oils, such as
SAE 20W-50.
; , ?.
”;“-’;
:. *.
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anythingto your oil.Your Buick dealeris
ready to adviseif you think something should be added.
When to Change EngineOil
See if any oneof these is true for you:
1 NOTICE:
0
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
“Starburst” symbol. Failure to use the
recommended oil can result in engine damage not
covered by your warranty.
0
GM Goodwrench@~ imeets
l
all therequiEsn18 f
your vehicle.
6-12
~ g
0
Most trips are less than5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km).
This is particularly important when outside
temperatures are below freezing.
Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
Most trips are through dusty areas.
You frequently tow a traileror use a carrieron top of
your vehicle.
The vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi
or other commercial application.
Driving underthese conditions causes engine oil to
break down sooner.If any one of these is true for your
vehicle, then you need to
change your oil and filter
every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or 3 months -- whichever
occurs first. (See “Change Oil Light” in the Index.)
If none of them is true, change the oiland filter every
7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months -- whichever
occurs first. Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed
engine under highway conditions causes engine oil to
break down slower.
See “Change Oil Light” in the Index for more
information on when to change the oil.
What to Do with Used Oil
Did you know that used engine oil contains certain
elements that may be unhealthyfor your skin and could
even cause cancer? D’on’tlet used oil stay on yourskin
for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash
or properly throw
away clothing or rags containing used engine oil. (See
the manu€acturer’s warnings aboutthe use anddisposal
of oil products.)
Used oil can be a real threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all free-flowing oil
from the filter before disposal. Don’t ever dispose of oil
by putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into
sewers, or into streams or bodiesof water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used oil.If
you have a problem properly disposingof your usedoil,
ask your dealer,a service station or a local recycling
center for help.
6-13
Air Cleaner
To check or replace the filter, loosen the wing nuts and
lift up the cover.
The air cleaner is located on the driver’sside of the
engine compartment.
6-14
If the air cleaner is of€, a backfire can cause -a
damaging engine fire, And, dirt
can easily get
into your engine, which
will damage it. Alwqs
have the air cleanerin place when you’redriving.
Automatic Ik.an$mission F11 ‘d
How to Check
When to Check and Change
Because this operation can be
a little difficult, you
may choose to have this done at your Buick dealership
Service Department.
A good time to check your automatic transmission
fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
Change boththe fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven underone or
more of these conditions:
In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches90°F (32”C) or higher.
0
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
When doing frequent trailer towing.
Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do notuse your vehicle under any
of these
conditions, thefluid and filter do not require changing.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions
here, or you could geta false reading on the dipstick.
NOTICE:
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transmission. Too much can mean that some of
the fluid could come out and fall on hot engine
parts or exhaust system parts, startinga fire.Be
sure to get an accurate reading if you check your
transmission fluid.
Wait at least 30 minutesbefore checking the
transmission fluid level if you have been driving:
0
When outside temperatures are above 90" F (32"C ) .
0
At high speed for quite a while.
0
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
0
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at norrnal
operating temperature, which is 180°F to 200°F
(82°C to 93°C).
Checking Transmission Fluid Hot
Get the vehicle warmed upby driving about 15 miles
(24 krn) when outside temperatures are above 50°F
(10°C). If it's colder than 50°F (lO"C), drive the
vehicle in DRIVE (D) until the engine temperature gage
moves and thenremains steady for 10 minutes. Then
follow the hot check procedures.
Checking Transmission Fluid Cold
A cold check is made after the vehicle has been sitting
for eight hours or more withthe engine off and is used
only as a reference. Let the engine run at idle for five
minutes if outside temperatures are 50°F (10°C) or
more. If it's colder than 50°F (lO"C), you may have to
idle the engine longer. Should the fluidlevel be low
during a cold check, you must perform a hot check
before adding fluid. This will give you a more accurate
reading of the fluid level.
Checking theFluid Hot or Cold
0 Park your vehicle ona level place. Keepthe engine
running.
0
With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
0
With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds ineach range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
0
Let the engine run at idle forthree minutes or more.
6-17
Then, without shuttingoff the engine, follow these steps:
3. Check both sidesof the dipstick, and read thelower
level. The fluid levelmust be in theCOLD area for a
cold check or in the
HOT area or cross-hatched area
1. Flip the handle up and then pull out the dipstick and
for a hot check.
wipe it with a clean ragor paper towel.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
dipstick back inall the way; then flip the handle
then pullit back out again.
down to lock the dipstick in place.
How to Add Fluid
Rear Axle
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transmission fluid to use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants”in the Index.
When to Check and Change Lubricant
Add fluid only after checking
the transmission fluid
HOT. (A COLDcheck is used only as a reference.)
If the fluid level is low, add only enoughof the proper
fluid to bring the level up to the HOT area for a hot
check. It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less than a
pint (0.5 L). Don’t overjikl. We recommend you use only
fluid labeled DEXR0N’-III, because fluid with that
label is made especiallyfor your automatic transmission.
Damage caused by fluid other than
DEXR0N’-III is
not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
0
After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check.”
0
When the correct fluidlevel is obtained, push the
dipstick backin all the way; then flip the handle
down tolock the dipstick in place.
Refer to the MaintenanceSchedule to determine how
often to check the lubricant and whento change it. See
“Scheduled Maintenance Services”in theIndex.
How to Check Lubricant
If the levelis below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the level tothe bottom of the filler plug hole.
What to Use
Standard Differential
Use Axle Lubricant(GM Part No. 1052271) or
SAE 80W-90 GL-5 gear lubricant.
Limited-Slip Differential
is low, use Axle
To add lubricant when the level
Lubricant (GM PartNo. 1052271). To completely refill
after draining, add4 ounces (118 ml)of Limited-Slip
Differential Lubricant Additive (GM Part
No. 1052358).
Then fill to the bottom of the filler plug hole with Axle
Lubricant (GM Part No. 1052271).
6-19.
Engine Coolant
The cooling systemin your vehicleis filled with new
DEX-COOL (orange-colored, silicate-free) engine
coolant. This coolantis designed to remain in your
vehicle for 5 years or 100,000 miles (1
66 000 km),
whichever occursfirst.
The following explains your cooling system and how to
add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem with
engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
A 50/50 mixture of water and the propercoolant for
your Chevrolet will:
Give freezing protection down to -34°F (-37°C).
Give boiling protection upto 265°F (129°C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights and gages work as they should.
NOTICE:
When adding coolantit is important thatyou use
DEX-COOL (orange-colored, silicate-free)
coolant meetingGM Specification 6277M.
If silicated coolant is added to the system,
premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion may result. In addition, the engine
coolant will require change sooner at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or24 months,
whichever occurs first.
TM
--
What to Use
Use a mixture ofone-ha clean water (preferably distilled)
and one-half DEX-COOL 7M (orange-colored, silicate-free)
anhfizeze that meetsGM Specification 6277M, which
won't damage alumhum parts. Use GM Engine Coolant
Supplement (sealer) (GMPart No. 3634621) with any
complete coolant change.If you use this mixture, you don't
need to add anythmg else.
I
"
A CAUTION:
I NOTICE:
If you use an improper coolant mix, your engine
could overheat and be badly damaged.The
* :*.
-,
*<.x45.+=*:
repair cost wouldn't be covered by your %FSAL
warranty. Too much water in the mix can freeze.
and crack theengine, radiator, heater core and
-
.
.
If you have to addcoolant more thanfour times a-"year,. .
have yourdealer check your cooling system.
&$$FZ
..t$
.9:, :.
,
Adding only plainwater to your cooling system
can be dangerous.Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol,can boil beforethe proper
coolant mixwill. Your vehicle's coolant warning
system is set for the propercoolant mix. With
plain water or the wrong mix,your engine could
get toohot but you wouldn't get the overheat
warning. Your engine couldcatch fire andyou or
others could beburned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean
water and DEX-COOL TM (orange-colored,
silicate-free) antifreeze.
1 NOTICE:
I
If you use the propercoolant, you don't have to :
add extrainhibitors or additives whichclaim:.@
.Ci
improve the system. These can be harmfu1.B. ::
-'
&*t5
*-
-.z
..
Checking Coolant
’hrning the surge tank pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam and
scalding liquids to blow out and burn you badly.
Never turn the surge tank pressure capeven a
little when the engine and radiator are hot.
--
--
When your engineis cold, the coolant level should be at
the FULL COLD mark.
The surge tankis in the engine compartment, directly
behind the battery.
If this light comes on,
it means you’re lowon
engine coolant.
LOW
COOLANT
LEVEL
See “Low Coolant Light” inthe Index.
’
6-22
~
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the propermix at the
surge tank, but only when the engineis cool.
You can be burned if you spill coolant onhot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts arehot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on
a hot engine.
When replacing the pressure cap, make sure
it istight.
Surge Tank Pressure Cap
NOTICE:
The surge tank cap is a 15 psi (105 kPa)
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installedto
prevent coolant lossand possible engine damage
from overheating.
When you replace the surge tank pressure cap,GM
a cap
is recommended.
Thermostat
Engine coolant temperatureis controlled by a thermostat
in the engine coolant system.The thermostat stops the
flow of coolant through the radiator until the coolant
reaches a preset temperature.
When you replace your thermostat, anAC@thermostat
is recommended.
6-23
1
When theengine compartment is cool, unscrew the Gag!:
and wipe the dipstick with
a clean.rag.Replace the cap:
.
+
1
>.
I
Windshield Washer Fluid
What to Use
When you need windshield washerfluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has sufficient
protection against freezing.
Adding Washer Fluid
The windshield washerreservoir is located on the
driver’s side of the engine compartment.
Open the cap labeled WASHER FLUID OmY.
Add washer fluid until the tank is full.
NOTICE:
0
0
0
0
When usingconcentrated washer fluid,
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze
and damage your washer fluid tank and
other partsof the washer system.Also,
water doesn’t cleanas well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluidtank only
three-quarters funwhen it’s very cold.
This allmows for expansion, which could
damage the tank if it is completely full.
Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your
windshield washer.It can damage your
washer systemand paint.
6-25
Brakes
Brake Fluid
your brake systemfixed, since aleak means that sooner
or later your brakes won’t work well, or won’t work
at all.
So, it isn’t a good ideato “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won’tcorrect a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much
fluid when you get new brakelinings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work
is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
Your brake master cylinder reservoiris here. It isfilled
with DOT-3 brake fluid.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid
level in
the reservoir mightgo down. The first is that the brake
fluid goes down to an acceptablelevel during normal
brake lining wear. When new
linings are put in, the fluid
level goes back up. The other reasonis that fluid is
leaking outof the brake system.If it is, you should have
6-26
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on
the engine. The fluidwill burn if the engineis hot
enough. You or others could be burned, and your
vehicle could be damaged. Add brake fluid only
when work is done on the brake hydraulic system.
Refer to the Maintenance Scheduleto determine when to
check your brake fluid.See “Periodic Maintenance
Inspections” in the Index.
I NOTICE:
’
’
.
-
. . ..
-.
I
Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
brake system parts. For example, just a few
drops of mineral-based oil, suchas engine
oil, in yourbrake system can damage brake
system parts so badly that they’ll have to be
replaced. Don’t let someone
put inthe
wrong kind of fluid.
Brake Wear
Your Buick has front disc brakes and rear drum brakes.
.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads
are
worn and new padsare needed. The sound may come and
go or be heard all the time your vehicle
is moving (except
when you are pushing on the brake pedal firmly).
If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish can be
damaged. Be careful not to spill brake fluid
on your vehicle. If you do, washit off
immediately. See“Appearance Care” in
the Index.
The brake wear warning sound means that
sooner or later your brakes won’t work well.
That could leadto an accident. When youhear
the brake wear warning sound, have your
vehicle serviced.
I NOTICE:
I
Continuing to drive with worn-outbrake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
I
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes arefirst applied or lightly
applied. This does not meansomething is wrong with
your brakes.
Free movement of brake calipers and properly torqued
wheel nuts are necessaryto help prevent brake
pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect brake calipers
for movement, brake padsfor wear, and evenly torque
wheel nuts in the propersequence to GM specifications.
Your rear drum brakesdon’t have wear indicators, but
if
you ever heara rear brake rubbing noise, have the rear
brake linings inspected.Also, the rear brake drums
should be removed and inspected each time
the tires are
removed for rotation or changing. Whenyou have the
front brakes replaced, have the rear brakes inspected, too.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if thereis a rapid increase in pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you makea moderate brake stop, your disc
brakes adjust for wear. If you rarely make a moderate or
heavier stop, then your brakes might notadjust correctly.
If you drive in that way, then -- very carefully -- make
a few moderate brake stopsabout every 1,000 miles
(1 600 Ism), so your brakes willadjust properly.
If your brake pedal goes down
farther than normal,your
rear drum brakes may needadjustment. Adjust themby
backing up and firmly applyingthe brakes a few times.
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system ona modern vehicle is complex. Its
many parts have to beof top quality and work well
together if the vehicleis to have really good bralung.
Vehicles we design and test have top-quality GM brake
parts in them, asyour Buick does when it is new. When
you replace parts of your braking system-- for example,
when your brake linings wear down and you have to have
new ones put in -- be sure you get new genuine GM
replacement parts. If you don’t, your brakes may no
longer work properly. For example, if someone puts in
brake linings that are wrong for your vehicle, the balance
between your front and rear brakes can change
-- for the
worse. The braking performance you’ve come to expect
can change in many other ways
if someone puts in the
wrong replacement brake parts.
6-29
Battery
Contact your dealer to learn how
to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods.
Every new Buick hasa Delco Freedom@ battery.
You
Also, €or your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
never have to add water toone of these. When it’s time
Feature” in the Index.
for a new battery, we recommend a Delco Freedom
battery. Get one that has the replacement number shown
Bulb Replacement
on the original battery’s label.
For the proper typeof replacement bulbs, see
Vehicle Storage
“Replacement Bulbs” in the Index.
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle 25
fordays
Halogen Bulbs
or more, takeoff the black, negative(-) cable from
the battery. This willhelp keep your batteryfrom
running down.
A CAUTION:
A CAUTION:
Batteries have acidthat can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badlyhurt if you
aren’t careful. See (‘Jump Starting’’ inthe Index
for tips on workingaround a battery without
getting hurt.
6-30
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside
and
can burst if you drop orscratch the bulb. You or
others could beinjured. Take specialcare when
handling and disposing of halogen bulbs.
Headlamps
1. To replace the headlamp bulbs,locate the headlamp
bulb retainer directly behindthe headlamps.
3. Gently pull the headlamp bulb assembly straightout
from the access area.
2. Turn the headlamp bulb retainer a quarter- turn
counterclockwise.
6-31
Parking/’Ibrn Signal and Cornering Lamp
1. Open the hood.
2. Remove the screw from
the bracket.
3. Remove the lamp
assembly by pulling
forward.
by
4. Remove the electrical connector from the bulb
lifting the locktab and pullingit away from the
plastic base.
4. Remove the electrical connectorsfrom the
lamp assembly.
5. To reinstall the headlamp bulb assembly, attach the
5. Remove the bulbfrom the electrical connectors.
electrical connector to the plastic base
-- making
sure the lock tab is over the lock. Put the small tab 6 . Reverse the steps with a new bulb.
into the small notch in the lamp. Put the retainer on
and turn it slightly clockwise to lock
it into place.
Do not touch the glass portion of the new halogen
bulb! The oil from your fingers will shorten the life
of your new halogen bulb.
6-32
Center High-M- mted Stoplamp (Sedan)
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (Wagon)
1. Unclip the stoplamp cover from the rear window and
stoplamp assembly.
1. Open the tailgate window.
2. Remove the two screws.
2. Turn the socketcounterclockwise and remove from
the stoplamp assembly.
3. Push the bulb gently into the socket and turn
counterclockwise to remove.
4. Reverse the steps with a new bulb.
6-33
~
3. Bring clown the bulb assembly.
Taillamp (Sedan)
1. Open the trunk.
;
2. Remove the nut from the
trunk trim assembly.
3. Pull the taillamp assembly away from the body.
4. Pull the bulb out of its retainer.
5. Reverse the steps with a new bulb.
4. Disconnect the electrical connectorsfrom the
taillamp assembly.
5. Remove the bulb.
6. Reverse the steps with a new bulb.
2. Insert the tip of a small screwdriver in to the slot as
shown and gently press downto release the wiper
blade from the arm.
pAUTION: (Continued)
0
3. To install the wiper blade,&gn the wiper arm pin with
the hole on the wiper blade assembly and snap it into
place. Return the wipers to their normal position.
Tires
We don’t maketires. Your new Buick comes with
high-quality tires madeby a leading tire manufacturer.
If you ever have questions about your tire warranty and
where to obtain service, see your Buick Warranty
booklet for details.
0
0
Underinflated tires pose the same danger as
overloaded tires.The resulting accident
could causeserious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
Overinflated tires are more likelyto
be cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact =- such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
Worn, oldtires can cause accidents.If your
tread is badly worn, or if your tires have
been damaged,replace them.
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires are
dangerous.
0 Overloading your tires can cause overheating
as a resultof too much friction.You could
have an &out and a serious accident. See
“Loading Your Vehicle’’ in the Index.
CAUTION: (Continued)
6-37
Inflation -- Tire Pressure
The Tire-Loadng Information label, whichis on the
rear edge of the driver’s door, shows the correct
inflation pressures for your tires when they’re cold.
“Cold” means your vehiclehas been sitting for at least
three hours or driven no more than
1 mile ( 1.6 km).
NOTICE:
NOTICE: (Continued)
I
If your tires have too muchair (overinflation),
you can get the following:
0 Unusual wear
0 Bad handling
0 Rough ride
0 Needless damage from road hazards.
I
Don’t let anyone tell you
that underinflation or
overinflation isall right. It’s not.If your tires
don’t have enoughair (underinflation), you can
get the following:
0 Too much flexing
0 Too much heat
0 Tireoverloading
Bad wear
0 Badhandling
0 Bad fuel economy.
NOTICE: (Continued)
When to Check
Check your tires once a month
or more. Also, check the
tire pressure of the spare tire.
If you have a compact spare tire,it should be at 60 psi
(420 kPa).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tellif your tiresare properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out
dirt and moisture.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label.Make certain that all wheel nuts
are properly tightened.See “Wheel Nut Torque” in
the Index.
Rust or dirton a wheel, or on the parts to which
it is fastened, can make wheel nuts
become loose
after a time. The wheel couldcome off and cause
an accident. When you changea wheel, remove
any rustor dirt fromplaces where thewheel
attaches to thevehicle. In anemergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; but
be
sure touse ascraper or wire brush later,
if you
need to,to get all the rust or dirt
off. (See
“Changing a Flat Tire”in the Index.)
When It’s Time forNew Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear whenyour tires have
only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or
less of tread remaining.
You need a new tire if any
of the following statements
are true:
You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
You can see cordor fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
0 The tread or sidewallis cracked, cut or snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
0 The tire has a bump, bulgeor split.
0 The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because
of the size or location
of the damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind andsize of tires you need, lookat
the Tire-Loading Information label.
The tires installed on yourvehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones withthat same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service-on
your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will befoliowed by an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires withthose not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial) as youroriginal tires.
A CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose
control while
driving. Ifyou mix tires of different sizes or types
(radial andbias-belted tires), the vehicle maynot
handle properly, and you could havea crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to your vehicle. Be sure to use the same
size and type tires on all four wheels.
It’s all right to drive with your compact spare
(if you have one).It was developedfor use on
your vehicle.
6-41
I
Temperature -- A, B, C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of
heat andits ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and
excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109. Grades
B and A represent higher levels of performance on the
laboratory test wheel thanthe minimum requiredby law.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on yourvehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
In most cases, you will not need to have your wheels
aligned again. However, if younotice unusual tire wear
or yourvehicle pulhng one way or theother, the
alignment may need to bereset. If you notice your
vehicle vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your
wheels may need tobe rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheelthat is bent, cracked, or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep comingloose, the wheel,
wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be
replaced. If the
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes berepaired). See your
Buick dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the land of wheel you need.
Each new wheel shouldhave the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted
the
same way asthe one itreplaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheelbolts
or wheel nuts,replace them only with new GMoriginal
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have
the right wheel, wheelbolts and wheel nutsfor your
Buick model.
6-43
~
Used Replacement Wheels
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be dangerous.
It could affectthe braking andhandling of your
vehicle, make your tires lose air and make you
lose control.You could havea collision in which
you or others could beinjured. Always usethe
correct wheel, wheel boltsand wheel nuts for
replacement.
NOTICE:
The wrong wheel canalso cause problems with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer
or
odometer calibration, headlampaim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearance and tire
or tire
chain clearance to the body and chassis.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index for more
information.
6-44
Putting a used wheel onyour vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know howit’s been used or
how many miles it’s been driven.It could fail
suddenly and cause an accident. If you haveto
a new GM original
replace a wheel, use
equipment wheel.
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
Use tire chains only where legal and only when
you must. Use only SAE Class “S” type chains
that arethe propersize for your tires. Install
them on the rear tires and tighten them as tightly
as possible withthe ends securely fastened. Drive
slowly and follow the chain manufacturer’s
instructions. If you can hear thechains
contacting your vehicle, stop and retighten them.
If the contact continues, slow downuntil it stops.
Driving toofast or spinning the wheels with
chains on willdamage your vehicle.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst
into flame if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your
Buick, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors
or
windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
Gasoline
0
Benzene
0
Naphtha
0
CarbonTetrachloride
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
0
Lacquer Thinner
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous -- some more than
others -- and they can all darnage yourvehicle, too.
Don’t use any of these unlessthis manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
Alcohol
0
Laundry Soap
0
Bleach
0
Reducing Agents
6-45
Cleaning the Inside of Your Buick
Using Foam-Qpe Cleaner on Fak *c
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose 1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose
dirt.
dirt. Wipe vinylor leather witha clean, damp cloth.
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask
Your Buick dealer hastwo GM cleaners, a solvent-type
surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
spot lifter and a foam-type powdered cleaner. They will
clean normal spots and stains very well. Do not use
3. Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner following
them on vinyl or leather.
the directionson the container label.
Here are some cleaning tips:
4. Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge.
0
Always read the instructionson the cleaner label.
0
Clean up stains as soon as you
can -- before they set.
0
Use a clean cloth or sponge,
and change to a
clean area often.A soft brush may be usedif stains
are stubborn.
0
Use solvent-type cleaners in a well-ventilated area
only. If you use them, don’t saturate the stained area.
0
If a ring forms after spot cleaning, clean the entire
area immediately orit will set.
6-46
5. Don’t saturate the material.
6. Don’t rub it roughly.
7. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use
a sponge
to remove the suds.
8. Rinse the section with a clean, wet sponge.
9. Wipe off what’s left with a slightly damp paper
towel or cloth.
10. Then dry it immediately with a blow dryer.
11. Wipe with a clean cloth.
Using Solvent-me Cleaner on Fabric
Special Cleaning Problems
First, see if you have to use solvent-type cleanerat all.
Some spots and stains will clean off better with
just
water and mild soap.
Greasy or Oily Stains
If you needto use a solvent:
Gently scrape excess soil from the trim material with
a clean, dull knife or scraper. Use very little cleaner,
light pressure and clean cloths (preferably
cheesecloth). Cleaning should startat the outside of
the stain, “feathering” towardthe center. Keep
changing to a clean section of the cloth.
When you clean a stainfrom fabric, immediately
dry the area with a blow dryer to help prevent
a
cleaning ring.
Stains caused by grease, oil, butter, margarine, shoe
polish, coffee with cream, chewing gum, cosmetic
creams, vegetable oils, wax crayon, tar and asphalt can
be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
2. Follow the solvent-type instructions described earlier.
3. Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and asphalt will stain
if
left on a vehcle’s seat fabric. They should be removed
as sodb as possible. Be carehl,because the cleaner
will dissolve them and may cause them to spread.
Non-Greasy Stains
Stains caused by catsup, coffee (black), egg, fruit, fruit
juice, milk, soft drinks, wine, vomit,
urine and bloodcan
be removedas follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
2. If a stain remains, follow the foam-type instructions
described earlier.
6-47
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine,
treat thearea with a waterhakmg soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
Cleaning Leather
4. If needed, clean lightly with solvent-type cleaner.
0
For stubborn stains, use GM
a VinyVLeather Cleaner
or equivalent product.
Combination Stai
0
Stains caused by candy,ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains canbe removed as follows:
0
Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polishor shoe polish on leather.
Soiled leather should be cleaned immediately.
If dirt is allowed to workinto the finish,it can
harm the leather.
0
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then clean with
cool water and allow to dry.
If a stain remains, cleanit with solvent-type.cleaner.
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt.You
may have to doit more than once.
0
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain
if
you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth and
a GM VinylLeather Cleaner or equivalent product.
6-48
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild
soap or
saddle soap.
Cleaning theTop of the Instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones
or
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even makeit difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean andd r y .
I
A CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts
DU do, it
may severely weaken them. In a crash, they
might not be able to provide adequate protection.
Clean safety belts only with mild soap and
lukewarm water.
Glass
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner
(GM
Part No. 1050427) or a liquid household glass cleaner
will remove normal tobacco smoke
and dust films.
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may
cause scratches. Avoid placing decalson the inside rear
window, since they mayhave to be scraped off later. If
abrasive cleaners are used on the inside of the rear
window, an electric defogger element may be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached across the
defogger grid.
Cleaning the Outside of the Windshield,
Backglass and Wiper Blades
If the windshieldis not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running, wax
or other material may be on
the blade or windshield.
Clean the outsideof the windshield withGM
Windshield Cleaner, Bon-AmiPowder@(GM Part
No. 1050011).The windshield is cleanif beads do not
form when yourinse it with water.
Clean the blade by wiping vigorously with a cloth
soaked in full-strength windshield washer solvent. Then
rinse the blade with water.
Wiper blades shouldbe checked on a regular basis and
replaced when worn.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick
or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth
at least every six
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application may be required. (See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants”in the Index.)
Your Buick has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that
are
of color, gloss retention and durability.
non-abrasive and made for basecoatklearcoat
a
paint finish.
Cleaning the Outside of Your Buick
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserveyour vehicle’s f i s h is to keep
it clean by washingit often with lukewarm or cold water.
of the sun.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays
Don’t use strong soapsor chemical detergents. Use
liquid hand, dish orcar washing (mild detergent) soaps.
Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based,
or
that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents
should be flushed promptly and not allowed
to dry on
the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a
soft, clean chamoisor a 100%cotton towel to avoid
surface scratches and water spotting.
High pressurecar washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
Finish Care
I NOTICE:
I
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing on
a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
Foreign materials such ascalcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc., can
damage your vehicle’s finish
if they remain on painted
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. If
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfacesare subject to aging, weather
Occasional waxing or mild polishing
of your Buick by
and chemical fallout that
can take their toll over a period
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint of years. You can help tokeep the paint finish looking
finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
new by keeping your Buick garaged or covered
from your dealer. (See “Appearance Care and Materials” whenever possible.
in the Index.)
6-50
Aluminum Wheels (If So Equipped)
Tires
Keep your wheelsclean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
rinsing thoroughly, dry witha soft clean towel. A wax
may then be applied.
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush witha tire cleaner.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners or
abrasive cleaning brushes on them because you could
damage the surface.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicon carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
NOTICE:
When applying a tire dressing always take care to
wipe off any overspray or splash from all painted
surfaces on the body or wheels
of the vehicle.
Petroleum-based products may damage the paint
finish.
Sheet Metal Damage
[f your vehicle is damaged and requiressheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
3pplies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
:eplaced to restore conasion protection.
6-51
Finish Damage
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditionscan create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can
fall upon and
attack painted surfaceson your vehicle.This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched
into
materials availablefrom your dealeror other service
the paint surface.
outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected
Although no defect in the paint
job causes ths, Buick
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces
of
Underbody Maintenance
new vehicles damagedby this fallout condition within
Chemicals used forice and snow removal and dust control 12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
can collect on the underbody.
If these are not removed,
the underbody
accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on
parts such as fuel lines,
frame, floor pan and exhaust
system even though they have corrosion protection.
Any stone chips, fracturesor deep scratchesin the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into a major repair expense.
At least every spring, flush these materials
from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debriscan collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frame shouldbe loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody
car washing system can do
this for you.
6-52
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll findthis label onthe rear compartment storage lid
in the wagon. On the sedan, the label
is located on the
trunk lid. It’s very helpful
if you ever need to order
parts. On this label is:
0
your VIN,
0
the model designation,
0
paint information, and
This is the legal identifier for your Buick.
It appears on
0 a list of all production options ana special
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on the equipment.
driver’s side.You can see it if you look through the
Be sure thatthis label is not removedfrom the vehicle.
windshield from outside your vehicle.
The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificatesof title and registration.
Engine Identification
The eighth characterin your VIN is the engine code.
This code will help you identify your engine,
specifications and replacement parts.
Electrical System
Headlamps
Add-on Electrical Equipment
The headlamp wiringis protected by an internal circuit
breaker. An electrical overload will cause the lamps to go
on and off, or in some cases to remain
off. If this
happens, have your headlamp wiring checked right away.
I NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical
to your Buick
unless you check with your dealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment
can keep other components from working as
they should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your Buick, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick” in theIndex.
Windshield Wipers
The windshield wiper motoris protected by an internal
circuit breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheatsdue to
heavy snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor
cools. If the overload is caused by someelectrical
problem, be sure to get it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Circuit breakers protect the power windows and other
power accessories-. When
the current load is too heavy,
the circuit breaker opens andcloses, protecting the
circuit until the problem is fixed or goes away.
6-55
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
*xes and Circuit Breakers
I
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected
from ’
short circuits by a combination
of fuses, circuit breakers
and fusible thermal links.This greatly reduces the
chance of fires caused by electrical problems.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse.Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a newone of the identical size
and rating.
If you ever have a problem
on the road and don’t
have a
spare fuse, you can borrowone of that has the same
amperage. Just pick some feature of your vehicle that
you can get along without-- like the radio or cigarette
lighter -- and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
There are two fuse blocks in your vehicle: the instrument To gain access to thisfuse block, remove the cover on
panel fuse block and the engine compartment fuse block. the driver’s sideof the instrument panel.Make sure to
insert the tabs first when replacing the cover.
FUSE USAGE CHART
2
PRINTED IN U
Usage
Fuse
7
8
9
10
11
x
3
x
4
x
7
SEO
8
RR WPR
9
RADIO
12
T&fG
13
CHI BODY
14
PASSKEY%
17
HVAC8LO
18
YES
19
x
22
SEO
23
X
24
CRANK
27
TRKLP
2a
CIGDLC
29
RRREL
32
HOANS
33
UUS.CHI
34
PASSKEY@
37
STOP/HZD
38
HVAC MOO
39
PWRM
42
INTOIM
43
RRTLFS
44
HmMIR
*
CIRCUIT
BREAKERS
FOR MORE INFC ?MATION, SEE OWNE
Used
Not
Rear
Window
Wiper
Radio
Windshield Wipermasher Switch
RearDefogRelay, Air BagSystem,
Headlamp Switch, I/P Cluster, Rear
Defog Switch
Fuse
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
20
Usage
Turn Signal Lamp Flasher, Back-up
Lamp/Transmission Position Sensor
(PNP) Switch, Shift Interlock (BTSI)
Inside Rearview Mirror, Warning
Alarm, Stoplamp Switch, Headlamp
Auto Control Module, Daytime Running
Lamp Control Module,Remote Control
Door Lock Receiver, Automatic Level
Control Sensor
Theft-Deterrent Module
Air Bag System
Cruise Control Module, Cruise Control
Switch, Cruise Control Release Switch
Heater and A/C Control, Low Blower
Module Relay
Power SteeringControl Module, Heated
Seats Control
Electric Actuator, Vacuum
Electric Solenoid, Heater andA/C
Control, Instrument Cluster, Daytime
Running Lamps
6-57
Fuse
21
Used
Not
22
24
26
27
28
29
30
31
Usage
Used
Not
Air BagSystem,Theft-DeterrentRelay
Not Used
Auto Level Control Sensor, Rear
Compartment Courtesy Lamp,
Mercury Switch
Cigarette Lighter, Diagnostic
Link Connector
Remote Control Door Lock Receiver,
Liftgate Wiper Latch Switch, Rear Glass
Release Switch, Rear compartment Lid
Release Switch, Rear Glass Release Relay,
Rear Compartment Release Relay
Radio
Headlamp Switch, Headlamp Auto
Control Module, Daytime Running
Lamps Control Module
Fuse
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
Usage
Horn Relay
Warning Alarrn, I/P Compartment Lamp
Switch, I/P Compartment Lamp,I/P
Cluster, Heater and A/C Control
Theft-Deterrent Module
Courtesy Lamp Relay, Front Door Lock
Switches, Front Door Courtesy Lamps,
Rear Door Courtesy Lamps, Outside
Remote Control Rearview Mirror Switch,
Inside Rearview Mirror, Sunshade
Illuminated Mirrors,I/P Door Lamps,
Roof Rail Courtesy Lamps
Rear Window Wiper Motor, Rear
Compartment Lid Pull-Down Actuator
Stoplamp Switch, Hazard Lamp Flasher
Blower Motor Control Module
Power DoorLock Relay
3
4
Engine Compartment FuseBlock
10
11
12
13
E
0
000
A/C COMP
AIR PUMP
Fuse
Lift the hood and openthe cover to gain access to this
fuse block.
PRI - COOL
-
SEC COOL
Usage
1
Auto Level Control Air
Compressor
2
Fuel Pump Relay, PCM
3
Secondary Air Pump Relay,
Underhood Lamp
Fuse
4
usage
Relay
Usage
Mass Air Flow Sensor, Secondary
Air Pump Relay, EGRSolenoid,
Evaporative Emission Solenoid,
Oxygen Sensors, Automatic
Transmission
A
Primary Cooling Fan
B
Secondary Cooling Fan
C
Air Pump
E
Fuel Pump
F
Air Conditioning Compressor
5
PCM, Ignition Coil, Electronic
Brake Control Module
6
Fuel Injector Cylinders One, Four,
Six, Seven
7
Primary Cooling Fan, A/C
Compressor Relay
8
Generator, Secondary Cooling Fan
9
Fuel Injector Cylinders Two,
Three, Five, Eight
6-61
Replacement Bulbs
Application
Number
Ashtray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
194*
Back-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2057*
2057
Cornering ..............................
168*
Courtesy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Parking/Turn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2057
194"
GloveBox .............................
Headlamp ..............................
9004
High-Mounted Stop
1141
(Sedan) ..............................
577
(Wagon) ..............................
InstrumentPanel ........................
194*
License . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194"
LuggageCompartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 920*
192
Reading ................................
Rear Body Pillar Assist Handle . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194*
Roof Rail Courtesy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192*
Front Sidemarker
(Sedan) ..............................
194*
(Wagon) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24
Rear Sidemarker
(Sedan) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2057
(Wagon) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
194
Application
Number
Tail/Stop/Tum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2057
Underhood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 561*
* For
service inforrnation on these bulbs. contact your
Buick dealer service department
.
Capacities and Specifications
Engine Code P(LTl)
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Piston Displacement ......................
V8
Power (Ac. to SAE J1349) . . . 260 (bhp) @ 5000 rpm
Firing Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8-4-3-6-5-7-2
Thermostat Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . 180O F (82 C)
0
Replacement Parts
Air Cleaner .........................
AC 1096C
Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10253745
EngineOilFilter ........................
PF52
PCVValve ..........................
CV895C
Spark Plug . . . . . . . . . . AC 41-943 (0.050 inch Gap)
Thermostat .........................
12555290
Wiper Blade. LeftRight Hand . . . . . 10283603 (22")
Wiper Blade. Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22101870 (17'1
Tire, Pressure, Sizes
See Tire Certification Information Label on driver’s door.
Wheel Nuts
Wheel Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . . 100 lb-ft (140 N-m)
Capacities (Approximate)
Air Conditioning (R- 134a) . . . . . . 1.75 lbs. (0.79 kg)
Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same.
If the airconditioning system in your vehicle needs
refrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant is used.
If you’re not sure, ask yourBuick dealer.
Automatic Transmission
Drain and Refill” . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.0 pints (4.7 L)
Overhaul . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22.4 pints (10.6 L)
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16.4 quarts (15.5 L)
Heavy Duty Cooling . . . . . . . . . 16.9 quarts (15.9 L)
Crankcase (with Filter)** . . . . . . . 5.0 quarts (4.7 L)
Fuel Tank (Sedan) . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 gallons ( 87 L)
Fuel Tank (Wagon) . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1 gallons (79 L)
Rear Axle Lubricant . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 pints (2.0 L)
Estate Wagon Dimensions (Approximate)
Overall
Length ....................
218 inches (554 cm)
80 inches (203 em)
Width ......................
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
60 inches (152 cm)
Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116inches (295 cm)
Front Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 inches (158 cm)
Rear Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 inches (163 cm)
Roadmaster Sedan Dimensions
(Approximate)
Overall
Length ....................
216 inches (549 cm)
78 inches (199 cm)
Width ......................
56 inches (142 cm)
Height ......................
Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 inches (295 cm)
Front Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 inches (156 cm)
Rear Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1 inches (155 cm)
* Recheck thefluid level after filling. See “Automatic
Transmission Fluid” in the Index.
** Recheck the oil level after filling. See“Engine Oil”
in the Index.
6-63
NOTES
I
6-64
-
Section 7 Maintenance Schedule
Introduction
IMPORTANT:
KEEP ENGINE OIL
AT THE PROPER
LEVEL AND CHANGE A:
RECOMMENDED
This section covers the maintenance required
for your
Buick. Your vehicle needs these services to retain its
safety, dependability and emission control performance.
M
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of theair we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflationcan increase the level
of emissions from your vehicle.To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your
Warranty andOwner Assistance booklet, or yourBuick
dealer for details.
7-1
I
I
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance
Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed
in Part D.
Make sure whoever services your vehicle uses these.
All
parts should be replaced andall necessary repairs done
before you or anyone else drives the vehicle.
We at General Motors want to help you keep your vehicle These schedules are for vehicles that:
in good w o r h g condition. But we don’t know exactly
carry passengers and cargo within recommended
how you’ll driveit. You may drive very short distances
limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s
only a few times a week. Or you may drive long distances
Tire-Loading Information label. See “Loading Your
all the time in very hot, dusty weather.
You may use your
Vehicle’’ in the Index.
vehicle in making deliveries. Or you may drive
it to work,
are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
to do errands or in many other ways.
driving limits.
Because of all the different ways people use their GM
0 use the recommended fuel. See“Fuel” in the Index.
vehicles, maintenance needs vary.You may even need
more frequent checks and replacements than you’ll find
Selecting the Right Schedule
in the schedules in this section. So please read this
First you’ll need todecide which of thetwo schedules is
section and note how you drive. If you have any
right
for your vehicle. Here’s how todecide which
questions on how to keep yourvehicle in good
schedule to follow:
condition, see your Buick dealer.
This part tells you the maintenance services you should
have done and when you shouldschedule them. If you
go to your dealer for your service needs, YOU'^^ know
that GM-trained and supported service people will
perform the work using genuine GM parts.
Maintenance Schedule
TriplCity
I Short
Definition
I
Follow the ShortTripKity Maintenance Scheduleif any
one of these conditionsis true for your vehicle:
Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km).
This is particularly importantwhen outside
temperatures are below freezing.
Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
0 Most trips are through dusty areas.
0 You frequently tow a traileror use a carrier on topof
your vehicle.
0 If the vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi
or other commercial application.
One of the reasons you should follow this schedule if you
operate your vehicle under any of these conditions is that
these conditions cause engine oil to break down soonel:
Every 3,000 Miles (5 000 km): Engine Oil and Filter
Change (or3 months, whichever occursfirst).
Every 6,000 Miles (10000 km): Chassis Lubrication
(or 6 months, whichever occurs first).
Short Trip/City Intervals
At 6,000 Miles(10 000 km)-- Then Every
12,000 Miles(20 000 km): Tire Rotation.
Every 6,000 Miles(10-000 km) of Trailering: Rear
Axle Fluid Change (Vehicles Towing Trailers).
At the First 6,000 Miles (10 000 km): Rear Axle Fluid
Change (Limited-Slip Differential).
Every 15,000 Miles (25
000 km): Air Cleaner Filter
Inspection, if driving in dusty conditions. Front
Wheel Bearing Repack (or at each brake relining,
whichever occurs first).
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km):Air Cleaner Filter
Replacement. Fuel Tank, Cap and Lines Inspection.
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km): Automatic
Transmission Service (severe conditions only).
Every 60,000 Miles (100
000 km): Engine Accessory
Drive Belt Inspection.
Every 100,000 Miles (166000 km): Cooling System
Service (or every 60 months, whichever occurs first).
Spark Plug Wire Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement.
These intervals only summarize maintenance services.
Be sure tofollow the complete maintenance schedule on
the following pages.
Maintenance Schedule
Follow this maintenance schedule only if none of the
conditions from the Short Trip/City Maintenance
Schedule is true.
Driving a vehicle with afully warmed engine under
highway conditions causes engine oil to break
down slower
Every 7,500 Miles (12500 km) :Engine Oil and Filter
Change (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
Chassis Lubrication (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first).
At the First7,500 Miles (12500 km): Rear Axle Fluid
Change (Limited-Slip Differential).
At 7,500 Miles (12 500 km) -- Then Every
15,000 Miles (25 000 km): Tire Rotation.
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km): Air Cleaner Filter
Replacement. Fuel Tank, Cap and LinesInspection.
Front Wheel Bearing Repack (or at each brake
relining, whichever occurs first).
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km): Automatic
Transmission Service (severe conditions only).
Every 60,000 Miles (100
000 km): Engine Accessory
Drive Belt Inspection.
Every 100,000 Miles (166
000 km): Cooling System
Service (or every 60 months, whichever occursfirst).
Spark Plug Wire Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement.
These intervals only summarize maintenance services.
Be sure to followthe complete maintenance schedule on
the following pages.
7-5
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
The services shown inthis schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) should be performed after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km)at the same intervals.
Footnotes
I
* Your vehicle
hasan Engine Oil Life Monitor.
This monitor
will show you when to change the
oil -- usually between
3,000 miles (5 000 km)and 7,500 rniles (12 500 km) since
your last oil change. Under severe condtions, the indicator
may come on before3,000 miles (5 000 h)Never
. drive
your vehicle morethan 7,500 miles (12 500 km)or
12 months, (whichever occurs first), withoutan oil chanee.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify The system won’t detect dust
in the oil. So if you
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to the drive in a dusty area be sure to change your oil every
completion of the vehicle’s useful life.
We, however,
3,000 miles ( 5 000 km)or soonerif the CHANGE OIL
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
light comes on. Remember to reset the Oil Life Monitor
performed at the indicated intervals and the maintenance when the oil has been changed. For more information,
be recorded.
see “Engine Oil Life Monitor” in the Index.
7-6
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
3,000 Miles (5000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Sewice.
*
6,000 Miles (10 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
*
Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
parking brake guides, underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
(Continued)
7-7
I
Short TriplCity Maintenance Schedule
I
6,000 Miles (10 000’km) (Continued)
9,000 Miles (15 000 km)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. During
tire rotation, check brake calipers for
freedom of movement and lubricate
if required.
Change the rear axle gear lubricant if
vehicle is used to pull a trailer or has
limited-slip differential.
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
7-8
*
BY
I
Short WiplCity Maintenance Schedule
18,000 Miles (30 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or
every
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
*
I
21,000 Miles (35 000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
parking brake guides, underbody contact points
and linkage (or every6 months, whichever
occurs first).
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. Duringtire rotation,
check brake calipersfor freedom of movement
and lubricateif required.
[7 Change the rear axle gear lubricant
if vehicle is
used to pull a trailer.
~
DATE
ACTUALMILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
24,000 Miles (40 000 k t )
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
I
27,000 Miles (45 000 km)
3 months, whichever occurs first).
Change engineoil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
*
*
0Lubricate thesuspension, steering linkage,
parking brake guides, underbody contact
points and linkage(or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
17 Change therear axle gear lubricant if
vehicle is used to pull a trailer.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE SERVICED
ACTUAL MILEAGE
BY:
7-11
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
I
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
El Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
parking brake guides, underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Change the rear axlegear lubricant if
vehicle is used to pulla trailer.
I7 Clean and repack the frontwheel bearings
(or at each brake relining, whichever
occurs first).
Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
0Inspect fueltank, cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspect fuel capgasket for any
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service.
[7 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. During
tire rotation, check brake calipers for
freedom of movement and lubricate
if required.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
7-12
BY:
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
I
33,000 Miles (55000 km)
36,000 Miles (60 000 km)
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
*
*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
parking brake guides, underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if
vehicle is used to pull a trailer.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-13
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
I
39,000 Miles (65 000 km)
42,000 Miles (70000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil andfilter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
*
*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking
brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage
(or every 6 months, whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’
in the Indexfor proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipersfor freedom of movement
and lubricate if required.
17 Change the rear axle gear lubricantif vehicle is
used to pull a trailer.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
I
ShortTrip/CityMaintenanceSchedule
I
45,000 Miles (75800 km)
48,000 Miles (80 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
*
*
I7 Clean and repack the front wheel bearings
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
(or at each brake relining, whichever
occurs first).
I7 Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving
in dusty conditions. Replace filter if
necessary. An Emission Control Service.
parking brake guides, underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
Change the rear axle gear lubricant if
vehicle is used to pull a trailer.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-15
~
~
1~
~~
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
51,000 Miles (85 000 km)
17 Change automatic transmission fluid and
17 Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one or more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90°F
(32* C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
An Emission Control Service.
*
r f you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, thefluid andfilter do require
not changing.
I
I
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
7-16
1
I
BY:
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
I
54,000 Miles (90 000 km)
57,000 Miles (95 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
every
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
3 months, whichever occurs first).
*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking
An Emission Control Service.
*
brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage
(or every 6 months, whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Indexfor proper rotation pattern and
additional information. Duringtire rotation,
check brake calipersfor freedom of movement
and lubricate if required.
0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if vehicle is
used to pull a trailer.
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
ISERVICED
BYJ
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY
7-17
I
Short Wip/City Maintenance Schedule
60,000 Miles (100.000h)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service,. *
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
parking brake guides, underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Clean and repack the front wheel bearings
(or at each brake relining, whichever
occurs first).
0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if
vehicle is used to pull a trailer.
17 Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
0Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for anv
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service.?
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
7-18
BY:
I
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
63,000 Miles (105 000km)
66,000 Miles (110 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Sewice.
An Emission Control Sewice.
*
*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking
brake guides, underbody contact pointsand linkage
(or every 6 months, whichever occurs fmt).
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’
in the Indexfor proper rotation pattern and
additional information. Duringtire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movement
and lubricate if required.
Change therear axle gear lubricantif vehicle is
used to pull a trailer.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
1
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-19
I
Short TriplCity Maintenance Schedule
I
69,000 Miles (115 000 km)
72,000 Miles (120 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
*
*
Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
parking brake guides, underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if
vehicle is used to pull a trailer.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
I
I
I
I
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
78,000 Miles (130 000 km)
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
*
0Clean and repack the frontwheel bearings
(or at each brakerelining, whichever
occurs first).
17 Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving
in dusty conditions. Replace filter if
necessary. An Emission Control Service.
DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE- SERVICED
BY:
*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking
brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage
(or every 6 months, whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Indexfor proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipersfor freedom of movement
and lubricateif required.
0Change the rear axle gear lubricantif vehicle is
used to pull a trailer.
I
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
ISERVICED
BY: I
7-21
DATE
~.
"
~
~~
~
ACTUALMILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
ShortTrip/CityMaintenanceSchedule
I
87,000 Miles (145 000 km)
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
*
*
Cl Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
parking brake guides, underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Clean and repack the front wheel bearings
(or at each brake relining, whichever
occurs first).
0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if
vehicle is used to pull a trailer.
ACTUALMILEAGESERVICED
BY:
(Continued)
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
90,000 Miles (150 000 km) (Continued)
I
93,000 Miles (155 000 kmj
Replace air cleaner filter.
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
An Emission Control Service.
3 months, whichever occurs first).
Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any
darnage. Replace parts as needed.,
An Emission Control Service. *
An Emission Control Service.
CI Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. During
tire rotation, check brake calipers for
freedom of movement and lubricate
if required.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
7-24
BY:
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
96,000 Miles (160 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
I
99,000 Miles (165 000 km)
3 months, whichever occurs first).
Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
*
*
[7 Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
parking brake guides, underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
Change the rear axle gear lubricant if
vehicle is used to pull a trailer.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-25
,
7..
Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedul
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km)should beperformed after 100,000 miles
( 166 000 km)at the same intervals.
Footnotes
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined thatthe
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to the
completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge thatall recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the maintenance
be recorded.
* Your vehicle hasan Engine Oil Life Monitor.
This monitor
will show you when to change theoil -- usually between
3,000 miles (5 000 km) and 7,500 miles (12 500 km)since
your last oil change. Under severe conditions, the indicator
may come on before3,000 miles (5 000 km). Never drive
your vehcle more than 7,500 miles (12 500 km)or
12 months, (whichever occurs first), without an oil change.
The system won’t detect dustin the oil. So if you
drive in a dusty area, be sure tochange your oil every
3,000 miles (5 000 krn)or sooner if the CHANGEOIL
light comes on. Remember toreset the Oil Life Monitor
when the oil has been changed. For more information,
see “Engine Oil Life Monitor” inthe Index.
7-27
Long Trip/Sighway MaintenanceSchedule
I
7,500 Miles (IL500 km)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occursfirst).
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
*
Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking
brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage
(or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
Change the rearaxle gear lubricantif the
vehicle has limited-slip differential.
D Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. Duringtire rotation,
check brake calipersfor freedom of movement
and lubricate if required.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
parking brake guides, underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
0Change engine oil andfilter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occursfirst).
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
parking brake guides, underbody contact
points and linkage (or every12 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for f’reedom of movement
An Emission Control Service. *
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
parking brake guides, underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Clean and repack thefront wheel bearings
(or at each brake relining, whichever
occurs first).
and lubricate if required.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
(Continued)
~_
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICEP
BE
I
Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule
Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule
m
I
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
L
I
-
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
*
Lubricate thesuspension, steering linkage,
parkmg brake guides, underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
Clean and repack the frontwheel bearings
(or at eachbrake relining, whichever
occurs first).
0Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
0Inspect fueltank, cap and lines fordamage
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap
gasket for any
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
7-35
I
Long Trippighway Maintenance Schedule
’
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
. .
I
*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
parking brake guides, underbody contact
points and linkage (or every12 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
of movement
check brake calipers for freedom
and lubricate if required.
Drain, flush and refill cooling system
(or every 60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first). See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser,
pressure cap and neck. Pressure test the
cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
0Inspect spark plug wires.
An Emission Control Service,
0Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
0Change automatic transmission fluid and
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one or more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90O F
(32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
I f you do not
use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, thefluid andfilter do
not require changing.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY:
7-37
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Listed below are owner checks and services which
should be performedat the intervals specified to help
ensure the safety, dependability and emission
control
performance of your vehicle.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Part D.
At Each Fuel Fill
It is importantfor you or a service station attendant to
pedorm these underhood checks at each fuel fill.
Engine Oil Level Check
Check theengine oil level and add the properoil if
necessary. See “Engine Oil” in the Indexfor
further details.
7-3s
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and addthe proper
coolant mix if necessary. See “Engine Coolant” in the
Index for further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washerfluid level in the
windshield washer tank and add
the proper fluid if
necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” inthe Index
for further details.
At Least Once a Month
Tire Inflation Check
Make sure tires areinflated to the correct pressures.
See “Tires” inthe Index for further details.
Cassette Deck Service
Automatic Transmission Check
Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should be done every
50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems” in the Index
for further details.
Check the transmission fluid level; add if needed. See
“Automatic Transmission” in the Index. A fluid loss
may indicate a problem. Checkthe system and repair
if needed.
Power Antenna Service
Clean power antenna mast. See “Audio Systems” in the
Index for further details.
At Least %ice a Year
Restraint System Check
Make sure the safety beltreminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages are
working properly. Lookfor any other loose or damaged
safety belt system parts. If you see anything that might
keep a safety belt system from doing its job, have it
repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts replaced.
Also look for any opened or broken air bagcovers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bagsystem
does not need regular maintenance.)
At Least Oncea Year
Key Lock Cylinders Service
Lubricate the key lockcylinders with the lubricant
specified in Part D.
Body Lubrication Service
Lubricate all hinges and latches, including those for
the body doors, hood, glove box door and
console
door. Part D tells you what to use. Morefrequent
lubrication may be required whenexposed to a
corrosive environment.
7-39
Starter Switch Check
CAUTION:
(BTSI) Check
Brake-’Ik.ansmission Shift Interlock
-
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly.If it does, youor others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start,be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parlung brake(see “Parking
Brake” in the Indexif necessary) and the
regular brake.
NOTE: Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be
ready to turnoff the engine immediately if
it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter
should work only in
PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
If the starter works in any other position, your
vehicle needs service.
7-$0
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly.If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start,be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle. It should be parked on a
level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake (see “Parking Brake”
in the Indexif necessary).
NOTE: Be ready to apply the regular brake
immediately if the vehicle begins to move.
RUN
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the
position, but don’t start the engine. Without applying
the regular brake, tryto move the shift lever out
of
PARK (P) with normal effort.If the shift lever
moves outof PARK (P), your vehicle’s BTSI
needs service.
Steering Column LockCheck
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the key to LOCKin each shift lever position.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping yourfoot on the regular brake, set the
parking brake.
The key should turn to LOCK only when the shift
lever is in PARK (P).
The key should come out onlyin LOCK.
0
Parking Brake and Automatic Transmission
PARK (P) Mechanism Check
~
To check the parlungbrake: With the engine running
and transmission in NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove
foot pressure from the regular brake pedal.Do this
until the vehicle is held by the parking brake only.
To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability:
Shift to PARK (P). Then release all brakes.
Underbody Flushing Service
I
~
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move.You or others could be
injured and propertycould be damaged. Make
sure thereis room infront of your vehicle in case
it begins to roll. Be ready toapply the regular
brake at once shouldthe vehicle beginto move.
At least every spring, use plain waterto flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Takecare to
clean thoroughly anyareas where mud and other debris
can collect.
Part C: Periodic Maintenance
Inspections
Listed beloware inspections and services which should
be performedat least twice a year (forinstance, each
spring andfall). You should let your GM dealership’s
service department or other qualified service center do
these jobs. Make sure any necessaryrepairs are
completed at once.
Proper proceduresto perfom these services maybe
found in a Buick Service Manual. See “Service and
Owner Publications” inthe Index.
Steering and Suspension Inspection
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering
system for damaged, loose or missing parts, signs of
wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect the power steering
lines and hosesfor proper hook-up, binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc.
7-42
Exhaust System Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect
the body
near the exhaust system. Lookfor broken, damaged,
missing orout-of-position parts as well as open
seams,
holes, loose connections or other conditions which could
cause a heat build-up inthe floor pan or could let
exhaust fumes into the vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust” in
the Index.
Radiator and HeaterHose Inspection
Inspect the hoses andhave them replacedif they are
cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps;replace as needed.
Throttle Linkage Inspection
Brake System Inspection
Inspect the throttle linkage for interference or binding,
and for damage or missingparts. Replace parts as
needed. Replace any cables that have high effort or
excessive wear. Do not lubricate accelerator and cruise
control cables.
Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines and
hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing,
etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors
for
surface condition.Also inspect drum brake linings for
wear and cracks. Inspect other brake parts, including
drums, wheel cylinders, parking brake, etc. Check
parking brake adjustment.You may need to have your
brakes inspected more oftenif your driving habits or
conditions resultin fiequent bralung.
Rear Axle Service
Check the gear lubricant level
in the rear axle and add
if
needed. S e e “Rear Axle” in the Index.A fluid loss may
indicate a problem. Check the axle and repairit if needed.
~
Part D: Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
USAGE
Coolant
Supplement
Sealer
NOTE: Fluidsand lubricants identified below by name,
part number or specification may be obtained
from your
GM dealer.
USAGE
Engine Oil
Engine Coolant
GM Part No. 3634621or
equivalent with a complete flush
and refill.
Hydraulic Brake Delco Supreme ll@Brake Fluid
(GM Part No. 1052535or
System
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid).
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Engine oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified For
Gasoline Engines “Starburst”
symbol of the proper viscosity. To
determine the preferred viscosity
for your vehicle’s engine, see
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
50/50 mixtureof clean water
(preferably distilled) andGM
Goodwrench@DEX-COOLor
Havoline@ DEX-COOL
(orange-colored, silicate-free)
antifreeze conforming to GM
Specification 6277M.See “Engine
Coolant” inthe Index.
FLUIDfiUBRICANT
Parking Brake
Cable Guides
Chassis lubricant (GM Part
No. 1052497 or equivalent)or
lubricant meeting requirementsof
NLGI Grade2, Category LB or
GC-LB.
Power Steering
System
GM Power Steering Fluid
(GM Part NO. 1052884- 1 Pt.,
1050017 - 1 qt., or equivalent).
Automatic
Transmission
DEXRON@-I11 Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Key Lock
Cylinders
Multi-Pu ose Lubricant,
Superlube% (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
~
I
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Chassis
Lubrication
Chassis lubricant (GM Part
No. 1052497 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirements
of NLGI Grade 2, Category LB
or GC-LB.
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Pivots, Spring
Anchor and
Release Pawl
Grease, High Temperature-- Water
Spray Resistant (GM Part
No. 12345996 or equivalent).
Front Wheel
Bearings
Wheel bearing lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI Grade 2,
Category GC or GC-LB (GM
Part No. 1051344 or equivalent).
Multi-pu ose lubricant,
Superlube
% (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Rear Axle
(Standard
Differential)
Axle Lubricant (GM Part
No. 1052271) or SAE 8OW-90
GL-5 Gear Lubricant.
Hood and Door
Hinges, Tailgate
Hinges, Rear
Compartment
Lid Hinges, Fuel
Door Hinge,
Rear Folding
Seat
Rear Axle
(Limited-Slip
Differential)
Axle Lubricant (GM Part
No. 1052271) and 4 ounces
(118 ml) of Limited-Slip
Differential Lubricant Additive
(GM Part No. 1052358 or
equivalent) where required.
See “Rear Axle” in the Index.
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM
Part No. 12345579 or equivalent).
Windshield
Washer Solvent
See “Replacement Parts” in the Index for recommended
replacement filters, valves and spark plugs.
GM Optikleen@Washer Solvent
(GM Part No. 1051515) or
equivalent.
7-45
\
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, recordthe
date, odometer reading and who performed
the service
in theboxes providedafter the maintenance interval.
I
Any additional information from “Owner Checksand
Services” or “Periodic Maintenance” can be added on
+e following record pages.Also, you should retainall
maintenance receipts. Your owner information portfolio
is a convenient place tostore them.
Maintenance Record
7-47
I
Maintenance Record
"
ODOMETER
SERVICED
READING
DATE
BY
MAINTENANCE
PERFORMED
Section 8 Customer Assistance Information
Here you will find out how
to contact Buick if you need
assistance. This section also tells you how to obtain service
publications and how to report any safety defects.
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
This section includes information on:
The Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone (TTY) Users
0
Roadside Assistance
CourtesyTransportation
0
0
BBB Auto Line -- Alternative Dispute
Resolution Program
Reporting Safety Defects
Service and Owner Publications
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your
dealer and Buick. Normally, any concern you mayhave
8-1
with your vehicle can be handled
by your sellingor
servicing dealer.Your dealer has the facility, trained
technicians, special tools andup-to-date information to
promptly address anyissue which may arise. Buick has
empowered its dealers to make decisions and repair
vehicles, and they are eager to resolve your concernto
your completesatisfaction. If your concern has not been
resolved to yoursatisfaction, take the following steps:
For helpoutside of the UnitedStates and Canada, call
the following numbers as appropriate:
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern witha member
of dealer management. Normally, concerns can be quickly
resolved at that level.If the matter has already been
reviewed with the Sales, Service,
orManager, contact
Parts
the owner of the dealership orthe General Manager.
STEP TWO -- If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern cannot
be resolved by the dealership without further help,
contact the Buick Customer Assistance Center
by
calling 1-800-521-7300. In Canada,contact GM of
Canada Customer Assistance Center in Oshawa by
calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854
(French).
0
8-2
In Mexico: (525) 625-3256
In Puerto Rico: 1-800-496-9992 (English) or
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
e In the U.S. Virgin Islands: 1-800-496-9994
In the Dominican Republic: 1-800-751-4135
(English) or 1-800-751-4136 (Spanish)
In the Bahamas: 1-800-389-0009
In Bermuda, Barbados, Antigua and the British
Virgin Islands: 1-800-534-0122
In all other Caribbean countries: 1-809-763-13 15
In other overseas locations, call GM North American
Export Sales in Canada at 1-905-644-4112
For prompt assistance, please have the following
information available to give theCustomer
Assistance Representative:
Your name, address, home and business
telephone numbers
0
Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate at
the top left of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
Dealership name and location
Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
Nature of concern
When contacting Buick, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved in the dealership, using
the dealer's facilities, equipment andpersonnel. That
is why we suggest youfollow Step One first if you
have a concern.
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
r
J
To assist customers whoa e deaf, hard of hearing, 'or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Buick has TTY equipmentavailable at itsCustomer
Assistance Center. AnyTTY user can communicate with
Buick by dialing: 1-800-83-BUICK. (TTY users in
Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
We encourage you to call us so we can give your inquiry
prompt attention. However, if you wish towrite
Buick, write to:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Assistance Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI, 48550
Refer to your Warranty andowner Assistance
Information booklet for addresses of Canadian and GM
Overseas offices.
8-3
Roadside Assistance
Our commitment to Buick owners has always included
superior service through our network
of 3,000 Buick
dealers. Buick Roadside Premium Assistance provides
an extra measureof convenience and security.
Buick Premium Roadside Assistance:
-
Provides owners with access to minor repairs or
towing for disabled vehicles.
-
Takes the anxiety outof uncertain situations by
providing easy access to service professionals trained
to work with Buick owners,24 hours a day,365 days
a year, including weekends and holidays.
For details on Buick Premium Roadside Assistance,
please consult your Buick Premium Roadside Assistance
owner booklet included with your owner’s manual.
For
needed assistance, call the Buick Premium Roadside
Assistance toll-free hotline: 1-800-2521112.
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Buick Motor Division is proud to offer Buick Premium
Vehicles purchased in Canada have
an extensive
Roadside Assistanceto customers for vehicles covered
Roadside Assistance program accessible
from anywhere
under the 36 month/36,000 mile (60 000 km) new car
in Canada or the United States. Pledse refer to the
warranty (whichever occurs first).
separate brochure provided by the dealer
or call
1-800-268-6800 for emergency services.
We prefer you utilize the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure before you resort to AUTOLINE, but you
may contact the BBB at any time. The BBB will attempt
to resolve the complaint serving as an intermediary
between you andBuick. If this mediation is
unsuccessful, an informal hearing will be scheduled
where eligible customers may present their case to an
impartial third-party arbitrator.
The arbitrator will make a decision which you may
accept or reject. If you accept the decision, GM will be
bound bythat decision. The entiredispute resolution
procedure should ordinarily take about 40 days from the
time you file a claim until a decision is made.
Some state laws may require you to use this program
before filing a claim with a state-run arbitration program
or in the courts. For further information, contact the
BBB at 1-800-955-5 100 or the Buick Customer
Assistance Center at 1-800-955-7300.
REPORTING SAFETY -DEFECTS
TO THE UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or couldcause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you mayeither call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the
Washington, D.C.area) or write to:
NHTSA, U S . Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safetyfrom the Hotline.
8-7
'
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TOTHECANADIAN
GOVERNMENT
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO GENERAL MOTORS
In addition to notifyingNHTSA (or Transport Canada)
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle in a situationlike this, we certainly hopeyou'll notify
us. Please call us at 1-800-521-7300, or write:
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Buick Motor Division
Motors of Canada Limited.You may write to:
Customer Assistance Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Transport Canada
Flint, MI 48550
Box 8880
Ottawa, Ontario K1G3J2
In Canada, please call usat 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H8P7
Service and Owner Publications
Service Manuals
Service manuals contain diagnostic and repair
information for all chassis and body systems. They
may be useful for owners who wish to get
a greater
understanding of their vehicle. They are also useful for
owners withthe appropriate skill level or training who
wish to perform “do-it-yourself’ service. These are
authentic General Motors service manuals meantfor
professional, qualified technicians.
Service manuals, service bulletins, owner’s manuals and
other service literature are available for purchase for all
current and many past model General Motors vehicles.
Toll-free telephone numbers for ordering information:
United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-800-551-4123
Canada ....................
1-800-668-5539
Service Bulletins
Owner Publications
Service bulletins covering various subjects are regularly Owner’s manuals, warranty folders and various owner
sent to all General Motors dealerships. GM monitors
assistance booklets provide owners with general
product performancein the field. When service methods operation and maintenance information.
are found which promote better service on GM vehicles,
bulletins are created to help the technician perform
better service. Service bulletins may involve any
number of vehicles. Some will describe inexpensive
service; others will describe expensive service.
Some
will advise of newor unexpected conditions, and others
may help avoid future costly repairs. Service bulletins
are meant for qualified technicians. In some cases
bulletins referto service manuals, specialized tools,
equipment and safety procedures necessary to service
the vehicle. Since these bulletins
are issued throughout
the model year and beyond, an index is required and
published quarterly to help identify specific bulletins.
Subscriptions are available. You can order an index at
the toll-free numbers listed previously,or ask a GM
dealer to see an index or individual bulletin.
8-10
Section 9 Index
Air Bag
How Does it Restrain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
How it Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-22
1-22
Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.21.2.55
Readiness Light .........................
1-25
Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-23
What Makes it Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What Will You See After it Inflates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
1-23
When Should it Inflate .........................
Aircleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
3-2
AirConditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-43
Alignment and Balance. Tire ......................
6-51
Aluminum Wheels. Cleaning ......................
3-20
Antenna. Fixed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Antenna.Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-21
Antifreeze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20
Anti-Lock
Brake System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.57.4.6
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
3- 17
Anti.Theft. Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Appearancecare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-45
6-53
Appearance Care Materials .......................
Arbitration Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6
2-42
Armrest. Front Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ashtrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Audio Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic
DoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overdrive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pull-Down Feature ............................
Automatic Transmission
Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Park Mechanism Check ........................
Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Axle, Limited-Slip Rear .........................
Axle,Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-48
3-5
2-4
2-20
2-12
7-39
6-16
2-18
7-41
2-18
2-21
6-19
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-30
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-55
Replacement. Remote Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
8-6
BBB Auto Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Better Business Bureau Mediation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6
9-1
Brake
Adjustment ..................................
Fluid .......................................
Master Cylinder ..............................
Parking .....................................
PedalTravel .................................
Replacing System Parts ........................
System .Warning Light .........................
Trailer ......................................
Transmission Shift Interlock Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wear .......................................
Brakes.Anti-Lock ...............................
Braking ........................................
Braking in Emergencies ...........................
Break-In. New Vehicle ..........................
BTSI Check ...................................
Bulb Replacement ..............................
6-29
6-26
6-26
2-21
6-29
6-29
2-56
4-35
7-40
6-28
4-6
4-5
4-8
2-14
7-40
6-30
8-4
Canadian Roadside Assistance ....................
6-62
Capacities and Specifications ......................
CarbonMonoxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.26.4.26.4.33.
2-44
Cargocover ...................................
7-39
Cassette Deck Service ...........................
3.6.3.9. 3.12
Cassette Tape Player ....................
3-20
Cassette Tape Player Care ........................
CD Player Theft-Deterrent Feature. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3- 17
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-33
1-27
Center Passenger Position ........................
4-28
CertificationLabel ..............................
4-35
Chains.Safety .................................
6-45
Chains.Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-64
ChangeOilLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5- 19
Changing a Flat Tire.............................
9-2
Check Engine Light .............................
2-59
Checking Your Restraint Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-44
Chemical Paint Spotting ..........................
6-52
1-33
ChildRestraints ................................
Securing in a Rear OutsideSeat Position . . . . . . . . . . . 1-35
Securing in the Center Rear Seat Position. . . . . . . . . . 1-37
Securing in the Right Front Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . 1-39
1-34
TopStrap ...................................
1-33
Wheretoput ................................
CigaretteLighter ...............................
2-48
6-56
Circuit Breakers and Fuses .......................
6-14
Cleaner. Air ...................................
Cleaning
Aluminum Wheels ............................
6-51
6-46
Fabric ......................................
Glass ....................................... 6-49
6-46
Inside of Your Buick ..........................
6-48
InstrumentPanel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-48
6-50
Outside of Your Buick .........................
6-47
Special Problems .............................
6-46
Stains ......................................
6-51
Tires .......................................
Vinyl .......................................
6-48
6-49
Weatherstrips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-51
Wheels .....................................
Windshield and Wiper Blades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49
Climate Control System. Electronic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Climate Control System. Standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
3-5
Clock. Settingthe ................................
Comfort Controls ................................
3-1
Compact Disc Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-20
3-12
Compact Disc Player ............................
5-30
Compact Spare Tire .............................
Control of a Vehicle ..............................
4-5
2.43.2.44
Convenience Net ..........................
2-41
Convex Outside Mirror ..........................
6-20
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-17
Heater. Engine ...............................
SurgeTank ..................................
5-15
5 .13
Cooling System ................................
8-5
Courtesy Transportation ...........................
2-33
Cruise Control .................................
2-64
Cruise Control Light ............................
Customer Assistancefor Text Telephone Users. . . . . . . . . 8-3
Customer Assistance Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8- 1
8- 1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ....................
6-52
Damage. Finish ...............................
6-51
Damage. Sheet Metal ............................
2-36
Daytime Running Lamps .........................
5-2
DeadBattery ...................................
8-7
Defects. Reporting Safety .........................
4- 1
Defensive Driving ...............................
Defogger. Rear Window ..........................
3-5
Defogging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-4
3-4
Defrosting .....................................
6-63
Dimensions.Vehicle ............................
3- 12
Dolby' B Noise Reduction .......................
Programmable Automatic Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
2-3
Door. Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Driving
City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-18
Defensive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Drunken .....................................
4-2
4-19
Freeway ....................................
I
In a Blizzard .................................
4-25
In Foreign Countries ...........................
6-4
4-15
IntheRain ..................................
4-13
Night ......................................
4-8
OnCurves ...................................
On Grades While Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37
On Hill and'Mountain Roads ....................
4-21
On Snow and Ice .............................
4-24
WetRoads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
4-23
Winter ......................................
4-35
WithaTrailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2
DrunkenDriving ................................
6-55
Electrical Equipment. Adding ....................
Electrical System ............................... 6-55
Electrochromic Daymight Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . 2-40
3-2
Electronic Climate Control ........................
6-8
Engine ........................................
Coolant .....................................
6-20
Coolant Heater ...............................
2-17
7-38
Coolant Level Check ..........................
Coolant Temperature Gage .....................
2-58
Coolant Temperature Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-58
6-63
CoolingSystem ..............................
Exhaust .....................................
2-26
6-60
Fuse Block ..................................
6-54
Identification ................................
7-38
OilLevelCheck ..............................
5-11
Overheating .................................
2-26
Running While Parked .........................
Specifications ................................
6-62
2-16
StartingYour ................................
9-3
..... . . . .
2-15
................ 2-38
......
i . . . . .
. s i . .
.....
.....
.....
.....
:S,uspeniion ........................
'Throttle Linkage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tast-mentPanel ............... . . * . .
, .:?Brightness Control ........ .... .......
Cleaning .....................
..,...
.....
..
i
,
.
N e t , convenience .............................z+I.~, 12-44
Neutral, Automatic TrmsmiBion ...................2-20
New Vehicle “Break-In’’ .............................
2-14
Night Vision . . . . ,.................................
4-14
P a i n t Spotting, Chemical ................ , ....... 6-52
Park
AutomaticTransmission ........................ 2-18
Shifting Into ........................................
.,2-22
Shiftingout of ................................2-25
,
Parking
AtNight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
7-41
Brake Mechanism Check .......................
2-12
Lots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-25
Over Things That Burn ........................
4-37
With a Trailer ................................
Parking Lamp Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-32
2-65
Pass Key Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-11
Passing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-13
PASS-Key 11 .................................
Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-42
Power
3-21
AntennaMastCare ............................
7-39
Antennaservice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3
DoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-41
Remote Control Mirror ........................
4-8
Steering .....................................
6-24
Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-27
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Seat
1-2
1-2
LumbarControls ..............................
Memory Function . . . . . . !.......................
1-3
Recliner ..................................... l-3
Pregnancy,Use of SafetyBelts ....................
1-26
5-1
Problems on the Road ............................
8-9
Publications, Service and Owner ....................
2- 12
Pull-Down Feature, Automatic ....................
Radiator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5- 16
Radio Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-19
Radios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Rain. Driving m ................................
4-15
2.38.2.39
ReadingLamps ...........................
Rear
6-19
Axle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-4
Door Security Locks ...........................
1-28
Outside Seat Position ..........................
Seatpassengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-28
5-9
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-5
WindowDefogger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-32
WindshieldWasher ...........................
2-39
Rearview Mirror ................................
2-40
Electrochromic Daymight ......................
2-39
Inside Daymight .............................
Remote
Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Trunk Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Replacement. Bulbs .............................
6-62
6-62
Replacement. Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-43
Replacement. Wheel ............................
8-7
Reporting Safety Defects ..........................
Restraints
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-44
1-33
Child . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5
Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing Parts After a Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-45
7-39
Systemcheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reverse. Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
1-26
Right Front Passenger Position ....................
8-4
Roadside Assistance ..............................
8-4
Roadside Assistance. Canadian .....................
Rocking YourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-31
RoofLuggageRack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-46
Rotation.Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-39
9-7
Alignment
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1.
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