VESPA Super 300 Technical data

Vespa would like to thank you
for choosing one of its products. We have prepared this booklet to help you to get the very best from your scooter. Please read it carefully before riding
the scooter for the first time. It contains information, tips and precautions for using your scooter. It also describes features, details and devices to assure
you that you have made the right choice. We believe that if you follow our suggestions, you will soon get to know your new vehicle and it will serve you
well for a long time to come. This booklet forms an integral part of the scooter; should the scooter be sold, it must be transferred to the new owner.
Vespa GTS Super 300
Ed. 2
The instructions given in this booklet are intended to provide a clear, simple guide to using your scooter; details are also given of routine maintenance
procedures and regular checks that should be carried out on the vehicle at an Authorised PIAGGIO Dealer or Service Centre. The booklet also
contains instructions for simple repairs. Any operations not specifically described in this booklet require the use of special tools and/or particular technical
knowledge: to carry out these operations refer to any authorised PIAGGIO Dealer of Service Centre.
2
Personal safety
Failure to completely observe these instructions will result in serious risk of personal
injury.
Safeguarding the environment
Sections marked with this symbol indicate the correct use of the vehicle to prevent damaging the environment.
Vehicle intactness
The incomplete or non-observance of these regulations leads to the risk of serious
damage to the vehicle and sometimes even the invalidity of the guarantee.
The signs that you see on this page are very important. They are used to highlight those
parts of the booklet that should be read with particular care. As you can see, each sign
consists of a different graphic symbol, making it quick and easy to locate the various
topics.
3
4
INDEX
VEHICLE......................................................................................
Dashboard................................................................................
Analogue instrument panel.......................................................
Clock.........................................................................................
Key switch.................................................................................
Locking the steering wheel....................................................
Releasing the steering wheel................................................
Switch direction indicators........................................................
Horn button...............................................................................
Light switch...............................................................................
Start-up button..........................................................................
Engine stop button....................................................................
The immobilizer system............................................................
Keys......................................................................................
Immobilizerdevice enabled indicator led...............................
Operation...............................................................................
Programming the immobilizer system...................................
Accessing the fuel tank.............................................................
Opening the saddle...............................................................
Identification..............................................................................
Rear top box opening................................................................
Bag clip.....................................................................................
USE..............................................................................................
Checks......................................................................................
Refuelling..................................................................................
Tyre pressure............................................................................
Shock absorbers adjustment....................................................
Running in.................................................................................
Starting up the engine...............................................................
Precautions...........................................................................
Difficult start up.........................................................................
Stopping the engine..................................................................
Stand.........................................................................................
7
9
10
11
12
12
12
13
13
14
14
15
15
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
25
26
26
28
29
30
30
31
32
32
33
Automatic transmission.............................................................
Safe driving...............................................................................
MAINTENANCE...........................................................................
Engine oil level..........................................................................
Engine oil level check............................................................
Engine oil top-up...................................................................
Warning light (insufficient oil pressure).................................
Engine oil change..................................................................
Hub oil level..............................................................................
Tyres.........................................................................................
Spark plug dismantlement........................................................
Removing the air filter...............................................................
Cooling fluid level......................................................................
Checking the brake oil level......................................................
Battery.......................................................................................
Use of a new battery.............................................................
Long periods of inactivity..........................................................
Fuses........................................................................................
Front light group........................................................................
Headlight adjustment.............................................................
Front direction indicators...........................................................
Rear optical unit........................................................................
Rear turn indicators...................................................................
Rear-view mirrors......................................................................
Front and rear disc brake..........................................................
Puncture....................................................................................
Periods of inactivity...................................................................
Cleaning the vehicle..................................................................
TECHNICAL DATA......................................................................
Kit equipment............................................................................
SPARE PARTS AND ACCESSORIES........................................
Warnings...................................................................................
PROGRAMMED MAINTENANCE...............................................
5
33
34
37
38
38
38
39
39
40
42
43
44
46
47
49
50
50
51
56
57
58
59
59
60
60
61
62
62
67
72
73
74
77
Scheduled maintenance table................................................... 78
6
Vespa GTS
Super 300
Chap. 01
Vehicle
7
1 Vehicle
01_01
8
A = Ignition key-switch
B = Bag hook
C = Saddle electric opening switch
D = Horn button
E = Turn indicator switch
F = Rear brake lever
G = Light switch
H = Instrument panel
I = Emergency cut-off switch RUN/OFF
L = Front brake lever
M = Throttle grip
N = Starter button
9
1 Vehicle
Dashboard (01_01)
01_02
Analogue instrument panel (01_02)
A = Digital clock
B = Odometer
C = Speedometer
D = Injection telltale light
E = Engine oil pressure warning light
1 Vehicle
F = Turn indicators
G = High-beam warning light
10
I = Fuel gauge
L = Low fuel warning light
M = Coolant temperature gauge
N = Immobilizer LED
Clock (01_03)
Located in the instrument panel, it displays hours and minutes with 1 to 12-hour time,
AM or PM.
Operate the function selection button «B» and month, day and seconds are also displayed besides hours and minutes.
To adjust the different functions, select the desired function with button «A» and adjust
with button «B». The time counter can be reset by pressing button «A» with the clock
in the seconds function.
The digital clock is powered by a battery (battery life is about 2 years); lift the whole
instrument panel to replace the battery. It is advisable to take your vehicle to an
Authorised Service Centre for this operation.
WARNING
01_03
DEAD BATTERIES ARE HARMFUL TO THE ENVIRONMENT. THEY MUST DISPOSED OF IN SUITABLE CONTAINERS AS PRESCRIBED BY THE REGULATIONS IN FORCE.
11
1 Vehicle
H = Headlight warning light
Key switch (01_04)
Key switch «A» is located on the front knee-guard panel near the bag hook.
SWITCH POSITIONS
ON«1»: Ready to start position, non-extractable key, mechanical anti-theft device
disabled.
OFF «2»: Ignition disabled, extractable key, mechanical anti-theft device disabled.
LOCK «3»: Ignition disabled, extractable key, mechanical anti-theft device enabled.
01_04
Locking the steering wheel
Turn the handlebar to the left (as far as it will go), turn the key to «LOCK» and remove
the key.
CAUTION
DO NOT TURN THE KEY TO «LOCK» OR «OFF» WHILE RIDING.
Releasing the steering wheel
1 Vehicle
Reinsert the key and turn it to «OFF».
12
DO NOT TURN THE KEY TO «LOCK» OR «OFF» WHILE RIDING.
Switch direction indicators (01_05)
Move switch «E» to the left to indicate a left turn; move switch «E» to the right to
indicate a right turn. Push the central part of switch «E» to deactivate the turn indicators.
01_05
Horn button (01_06)
Push the button «D» to sound the horn.
01_06
13
1 Vehicle
CAUTION
Light switch (01_07)
When the light switch «H» is set to «0», the low-beam light is on. When set to «1»,
the high-beam light is activated.
01_07
Start-up button (01_08)
Starter button «E»
1 Vehicle
01_08
14
The engine can be started when the emergency cut-off switch «I» is set to «1»
RUN; if the emergency cut-off switch «I» is set to «0» OFF , the engine cannot be
started, or it shuts off if already running.
01_09
The immobilizer system
In order to enhance theft protection, the scooter is equipped with a «PIAGGIO IMMOBILIZER » electronic engine locking device that is activated automatically when
the starter key is removed. Upon start-up, the «PIAGGIO IMMOBILIZER» system
checks the starter key, and only if this key is recognised will the immobilizer system
allow the scooter to be started.
Keys (01_10, 01_11, 01_12)
Two types of keys come with the vehicle.
The key «A» is the «MASTER» key.
Only a single copy of this key is supplied, which is necessary to program all your other
keys and for your dealer to perform some maintenance operations. For this reason it
is advised that it be used only in exceptional circumstances.
The key «B» (single copy supplied) is used for regular operations such as:
01_10
- Engine start-up.
Together with the two keys, you will be given a CODE CARD bearing the same code
imprinted onto the two keys.
15
1 Vehicle
Engine stop button (01_09)
WARNING
LOSING THE MASTER KEY PREVENTS ANY FURTHER REPAIR OF THE "PIAGGIO IMMOBILIZER" SYSTEM AND OF THE ENGINE CONTROL UNIT.
WARNING
01_11
KEEP THE "CODE CARD" AND THE MASTER KEY IN A SAFE PLACE (NOT IN
THE VEHICLE).
01_12
Immobilizerdevice enabled indicator led (01_13)
The activation of the «PIAGGIO IMMOBILIZER» system is signalled by the a flashing
indicator «N».
In order to reduce battery discharge, the indicator LED turns off automatically after 48
hours of uninterrupted functioning.
1 Vehicle
Should the system fail, different LED flashing patterns will provide the Authorised
Service Centre with information on the type of fault detected.
01_13
16
Each time the starter key «B» is removed while in the «OFF» or «LOCK» positions,
the protection system activates the engine lock. Turning the starter key «B» to «ON»
disables the engine lock, provided that the safety system recognises the code transmitted by the key. If the code is not recognised, turn the starter key «B» first to
«OFF» and then back to «ON» again; if lock persists, try again using the «A» MASTER
key. If the engine cannot be started, contact an Authorised Service Centre , which
is provided with the electronic equipment required to detect and repair the system.
When the supplementary starter keys are required, remember that the all the keys,
whether new or existing, should be programmed.
Contact an Authorised Service Centre and bring the «A» MASTER key and all
«B» starter keys that you own.
The codes of starter keys not submitted for the new programming procedure are deleted from the memory. Any lost starter keys will therefore not be enabled to start the
engine.
WARNING
EACH KEY HAS ITS OWN AND UNIQUE CODE, WHICH MUST BE STORED BY
THE SYSTEM CONTROL UNIT.
VIOLENT SHOCKS MAY AFFECT THE ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS OF THE
KEY.
IF THE VEHICLE IS SOLD, THE MASTER-HANDGRIP KEY (AS WELL AS THE
OTHER STARTER KEYS) AND THE «CODE CARD» MUST ALSO BE TRANSFERRED TO THE NEW OWNER.
17
1 Vehicle
Operation
Programming the immobilizer system (01_14)
Below is described the procedure to follow for programming the PIAGGIO IMMOBILIZER system and/or for storing other key codes. The programming procedure should
be carried out with the engine stop switch set to «RUN».
START PROCEDURE
Insert the «MASTER» key «A» into the key switch (in «OFF») and turn it to «ON».
After 1 - 3 seconds, turn the key to «OFF » again and pull it out.
INTERMEDIATE STAGE
After extracting the «MASTER» key «A», insert, within ten seconds, the key that is
going to be programmed «B» and turn it immediately to «ON». After 1-3 seconds, turn
the key to "OFF" again and pull it out. In this way, a maximum of 7 keys can be programmed by repeating the above procedure and keeping the indicated times.
FINAL STAGE
1 Vehicle
After extracting the key to be programmed «B», insert the «MASTER» key «A» again
and turn it to «ON» (perform this operation within the 10 seconds following the extraction of the previous key). Leave it in this position for 1 to 3 seconds and return it
to «OFF».
18
Insert the «MASTER» key «A» disabling the transponder «C» (i.e., by tilting the key
cap by 90°), and turn the key to «ON». Perform the engine start-up operation. Ensure
that the engine does not start. Insert the programmed key «B» and repeat the startup operation. Check that engine starts.
WARNING
01_14
SHOULD YOU STAR THE ENGINE WITH THE MASTER KEY (WITH TRANSPONDER OFF) OR IN THE EVENT OF WRONG OPERATION DURING PROGRAMMING, REPEAT THE PROCEDURE FROM THE BEGINNING.
Accessing the fuel tank (01_15, 01_16)
With the key set to «OFF» or «ON», or with engine on, it is possible to electrically open
the saddle by pressing the button «C». If the saddle opening system does not work,
operate the emergency lever «A».
01_15
19
1 Vehicle
CORRECT PROGRAMMING CHECK PHASE
01_16
Opening the saddle (01_17, 01_18)
With the key set to «OFF» or «ON», or with engine on, it is possible to electrically open
the saddle by pressing button «C». If the electric opening does not work, use the
emergency lever "A". When the key is set to «LOCK» the saddle cannot be opened.
1 Vehicle
01_17
20
1 Vehicle
01_18
Identification (01_19, 01_20, 01_21)
The identification registration numbers consist of a prefix followed by a number stamped on both the chassis «A» and the engine «B». These numbers must always be
indicated on spare parts requests. To read the chassis number, lift the saddle and
remove the helmet compartment «C». We recommend checking that the chassis registration number stamped on the vehicle corresponds with that on the vehicle documentation.
CAUTION
01_19
BE REMINDED THAT ALTERING IDENTIFICATION REGISTRATION NUMBERS
CAN LEAD TO SERIOUS PENAL SANCTIONS (IMPOUNDING OF THE VEHICLE,
ETC.).
01_20
21
01_21
Rear top box opening (01_22)
Insert the key into the switch and press down until the glove compartment opens. If
the switch is set to "LOCK", turn the key to "OFF" or "ON" before pressing it down.
1 Vehicle
01_22
22
To use the retractile bag hook «B» mounted on the knee-guard panel, pull it slightly
towards the back part of the vehicle.
01_23
23
1 Vehicle
Bag clip (01_23)
24
1 Vehicle
Vespa GTS
Super 300
Chap. 02
Use
25
Checks
Before using the vehicle, check:
1. There is enough fuel in the fuel tank.
2. The correct fluid level for front and rear brakes.
3. That tyres are properly inflated.
4. The correct functioning of tail lights, headlamp, turn indicators, stop light and license
plate light.
5. The correct functioning of front and rear brakes.
6. The oil level in the gearcase.
7. The engine oil level.
8. The coolant level.
Refuelling (02_01, 02_02)
Fuel: lift the saddle and unscrew the cap «B». Recommended fuel: Unleaded petrol,
min octane rating of 95. The fuel reserve level is signalled when the warning light
«L» turns on.
WARNING
02_01
SWITCH OFF THE ENGINE BEFORE REFUELLING WITH PETROL.
PETROL IS HIGHLY INFLAMMABLE.
2 Use
DO NOT SMOKE AND KEEP OPEN FLAMES AT A DISTANCE:FIRE HAZARD.
DO NOT INHALE FUEL FUMES.
26
CAUTION
PETROL DAMAGES THE PLASTIC PARTS OF THE BODYWORK.
CAUTION
02_02
USING OILS OTHER THAN THOSE RECOMMENDED CAN SHORTEN THE LIFE
OF THE ENGINE.
CAUTION
DO NOT USE THE VEHICLE TO THE COMPLETE EXHAUSTION OF THE FUEL;
IN THE EVENT THAT THIS SHOULD OCCUR, DO NOT ATTEMPT TO START THE
ENGINE. TURN THE KEY SWITCH TO OFF AND TOP-UP THE TANK AS SOON
AS POSSIBLE. FAILURE TO FOLLOW THESE GUIDELINES COULD DAMAGE
THE FUEL PUMP AND/OR THE CATALYTIC CONVERTER.
Characteristic
Fuel tank capacity
~ 9.2 litres
27
2 Use
DO NOT ALLOW PETROL TO COME INTO CONTACT WITH HOT ENGINE OR
ANY PLASTIC PARTS.
Tyre pressure (02_03)
Check the tyre pressure and wear periodically (roughly every 500 km). Tyres feature
wear indicators; replace tyres as soon as these indicators become visible on the tyre
tread. Also check that the tyres do not show signs of splitting at the side or irregular
tread wear; if this occurs, go to an authorised workshop or at least to a workshop
equipped to perform the replacement.
CAUTION
02_03
TYRE PRESSURE SHOULD BE CHECKED WHEN TYRES ARE COLD.INCORRECT TYRE PRESSURE CAUSES ABNORMAL TYRE WEAR AND MAKES RIDING DANGEROUS.
TYRES MUST BE REPLACED WHEN THE TREAD REACHES THE WEAR LIMITS
SET FORTH BY LAW.
TYRES
Front tyre
120/70 - 12'' 51P Tubeless
Rear tyre
Tubeless 130/70 12'' 62P
2 Use
TYRE INFLATION PRESSURE
Front tyre pressure (with
passenger)
1.8 bar (-)
Rear tyre pressure (with
passenger)
2.2 bar (-)
28
The preloading of the springs can be adjusted to 4 positions using the ring nut located
in the lower part of the shock absorbers and the specific spanner supplied.
Position 1: minimum preload: driver only
Position 2 medium preloading: driver only
Position 3 medium preloading: rider and passenger
Position 4: maximum preloading: driver, passenger, and luggage.
02_04
In order to carry out this operation you will need to use the specific spanner in the kit.
CAUTION
RIDING THE VEHICLE WITH THE SPRING PRELOADING NOT CORRECTLY SET
FOR THE RIDER AND POSSIBLE PASSENGER, COULD REDUCE THE COMFORT OF THE RIDE AND THE PRECISION OF THE STEERING.
WARNING
WE RECOMMEND WEARING GLOVES WHILE CARRYING OUT THIS OPERATION IN ORDER TO AVOID INJURIES.
WARNING
WE STRONGLY RECOMMEND NOT TO ADJUST BOTH SHOCK ABSORBERS
WITH DIFFERENT PRELOADING
29
2 Use
Shock absorbers adjustment (02_04)
Running in
WARNING
DURING THE FIRST 1000 KM DO NOT RIDE THE VEHICLE OVER 80% OF ITS
MAXIMUM SPEED. AVOID TWISTING THE THROTTLE GRIP FULLY OR KEEPING A CONSTANT SPEED ALONG LONG SECTIONS OF ROAD. AFTER THE
FIRST 1000 KM, GRADUALLY INCREASE SPEED UNTIL REACHING THE MAXIMUM PERFORMANCE.
Starting up the engine (02_05, 02_06)
To start the engine it is necessary, before pressing the starter button, to pull and keep
pulled the front or rear brake lever, which activates the appropriate switch allowing
start-up.
1. Rest the vehicle on its centre-stand, ensuring the rear wheel is not touching the
ground.
2. Maintain the throttle grip «E» completely untwisted.
3. Insert the key into the ignition switch «A» and turn it to «ON».
02_05
4. Make sure that the «B» switch is set to «RUN».
5. Pull lever «C» of the front or rear brake and then activate the starter button «D».
2 Use
WARNING
THE AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION MAKES THE REAR WHEEL TURN EVEN
WHEN THE THROTTLE IS SLIGHTLY TWISTED. RELEASE THE BRAKE CAREFULLY AFTER STARTING, AND THEN ACCELERATE GRADUALLY.
30
2 Use
CAUTION
DO NOT START-UP THE ENGINE IN CLOSED AREAS BECAUSE EXHAUST
GASES ARE TOXIC.
02_06
Precautions
CAUTION
NEVER STRESS THE ENGINE AT LOW TEMPERATURES IN ORDER TO AVOID
POSSIBLE DAMAGE. BE CAREFUL NEVER TO EXCEED THE MAXIMUM SPEED
WHILE RUNNING DOWNHILL, IN ORDER TO AVOID DAMAGING THE ENGINE.
IN ANY CASE, IN ORDER TO PRESERVE THE ENGINE FROM PROLONGED EXCESSIVE REVOLUTIONS, THE REVOLUTION LIMITER WILL BE ACTIVATED IF
THE ENGINE SPEED EXCEEDS THE ESTABLISHED THRESHOLD.
WARNING
AFTER A LONG DISTANCE COVERED AT THE MAXIMUM SPEED, DO NOT STOP
THE ENGINE IMMEDIATELY, BUT LET IT RUN AT IDLE FOR A FEW SECONDS.
31
Difficult start up
In the rare case of flooding the engine, to facilitate start-up, it is possible to try to put
the vehicle into action with the gas hand grip partially or completely open. It is however
necessary, once the engine is started, to take your vehicle to an Authorised Service
Centre to determine the cause of this problem and to re-establish the vehicle proper
functioning.
Stopping the engine (02_07, 02_08)
Fully untwist the throttle grip and then turn the switch key «A» to «OFF» (extractable
key), or turn the switch «B» to «OFF».
CAUTION
02_07
DUE TO THE HIGH TEMPERATURES THE CATALYTIC CONVERTER CAN
REACH, ALWAYS TAKE CARE, WHEN PARKING THE SCOOTER, THAT THE
EXHAUST DOES NOT COME INTO CONTACT WITH FLAMMABLE MATERIALS,
TO AVOID SERIOUS BURNS.
CAUTION
DO NOT SWITCH OFF THE ENGINE WHILE THE VEHICLE IS MOVING. UNBURNED FUEL COULD ENTER THE CATALYTIC CONVERTER AND BURN,
CAUSING IT TO OVERHEAT AND POSSIBLY DESTROYING IT.
2 Use
02_08
32
2 Use
Stand (02_09)
CENTRE STAND
Push with your foot on the centre stand's fork «F» while lifting the vehicle backward,
holding onto the handlebar.
SIDE STAND
With your foot push the projection of the stand «L » in order to open it and at the same
time lean the vehicle on you.
02_09
Automatic transmission
To ensure simple, pleasurable riding, the vehicle is equipped with automatic transmission with regulator and centrifugal clutch. The system is designed to provide the
best performance (acceleration and consumption) while riding on both flat roads and
uphill.
If you have to stop on an uphill slope (traffic lights, traffic jam, etc.) use only the brake
to keep the vehicle still, leaving the engine running at idle speed. Using the
engine to keep the vehicle still can cause the clutch to overheat, due to the
friction of the clutch mechanism itself against the clutch bell.
It is therefore recommended to avoid conditions of prolonged clutch slippage (other
than those previously indicated) like driving uphill fully laden on steep slopes or starting
off with driver and passenger at slopes with steepness greater than 25%.
Observe the following precautions if the clutch overheats:
33
1. Do not continue riding in such conditions.
2. Let the clutch cool down with the engine at idle speed for a few minutes.
Safe driving (02_10)
WARNING
SOME SIMPLE TIPS ARE PROVIDED BELOW THAT WILL ENABLE YOU TO USE
YOUR SCOOTER ON A DAILY BASIS IN GREATER SAFETY AND WITH MORE
PEACE OF MIND.
<
Your ability and your knowledge of the vehicle form the basis of safe riding. We recommend trying out the vehicle in traffic-free zones to get to know your vehicle
completely.
ALWAYS DRIVE WITHIN YOUR LIMITS
1. Before riding off, remember to put on your helmet and fasten it correctly.
2. Reduce speed and ride cautiously on uneven roads.
02_10
3. Remember that after riding on a long stretch of wet road without using the brakes,
the braking effect is initially lower. Given these conditions, it is a good idea to operate
the brakes from time to time.
4. Do not brake hard on a wet surface, on dirt tracks or on any slippery road surface.
2 Use
5. If you have to brake, use both brakes in order to divide the braking action between
both wheels.
34
7. If the vehicle is used on roads covered with sand, mud, snow mixed with salt, etc.,
clean the brake disc frequently with mild detergent in order to prevent abrasive substances from building up within the holes, which can result in early wear of the brake
pads.
8. Any elaboration that modifies the vehicle's performances, such as tampering with
original structural parts is strictly forbidden by law, and renders the vehicle not conforming to the approved type and therefor dangerous to ride.
CAUTION
DO NOT FORGET THAT DRIVING IN A STATE OF DRUNKENNESS, OR WHEN
UNDER THE EFFECT OF DRUGS OR CERTAIN MEDICINES, CAN BE EXTREMELY DANGEROUS FOR ONESELF AND FOR OTHERS.
CAUTION
ANY CHANGES TO THE VEHICLE PERFORMANCE AS WELL AS ALTERATIONS
TO ORIGINAL STRUCTURAL PARTS IS STRICTLY FORBIDDEN BY LAW, AND
RENDERS THE VEHICLE NO LONGER CONFORMING TO THE APPROVED TYPE
AND DANGEROUS FOR RIDING.
35
2 Use
6. Avoid starting off by mounting the scooter while it is still resting on its stand. In any
case, the rear wheel should not be turning when in comes into contact with the ground,
in order to avoid abrupt departures.
36
2 Use
Vespa GTS
Super 300
Chap. 03
Maintenance
37
Engine oil level
In 4T engines, engine oil is used to lubricate the distribution elements, main bearings
and thermal group. An insufficient quantity of oil can cause serious damage to
the engine itself. In all four-stroke engines, a loss of efficiency in oil performance and
consumption should be considered normal. Consumption can particularly reflect the
conditions of use (i.e. when driving at "full acceleration" all the time, oil consumption
increases). The replacement frequencies provided for by the maintenance programme
are defined, depending on the total contents of oil in the engine and average consumption measured following standardised methods. In order to prevent any problems, we recommend checking oil level more frequently than indicated in the
Scheduled Maintenance table or before setting off on long journeys. The vehicle
is, however, equipped with an oil pressure warning light on the instrument panel.
Engine oil level check (03_01)
Every time the scooter is used, a visual check should be made on the level of the
engine oil when the engine is cold. The oil level should be somewhere between the
MAX and MIN index marks on the level bar; the check must be made with the scooter
upright, resting on the centre stand. If the check is carried out after the vehicle has
been used, and therefore with a hot engine, the level line will be lower; in order to carry
out a correct check, wait at least 10 minutes after the engine has been stopped so as
to get the correct level.
03_01
3 Maintenance
Engine oil top-up
Always check oil level before topping-up and add oil without exceeding the MAX
level. Getting an oil level between the MIN and MAX levels requires ~ 400 cm³ of oil.
Take your vehicle to an Authorised Service Centre to have the engine oil checked
and if necessary, topped-up as indicated in the scheduled maintenance table.
38
The vehicle is equipped with a warning light that lights up when the key is turned to
the «ON». However, this light should switch off once the engine has been started. If
the light comes on while braking, at idle speed or while turning a corner, it is
necessary to check the oil level and top it up if required. If after having toppedup the oil, the warning light still comes on while braking, at idle speed or while
turning a corner, it will be necessary to take your vehicle to an Authorised Service Centre.
Engine oil change (03_02)
Have oil changed and the cartridge filter «C» replaced as indicated in the scheduled
maintenance table at an Authorised Service Centre. The engine should be emptied
by draining the oil through drainage plug «B » of the mesh filter on the flywheel side.
In order to facilitate the oil drainage, loosen the cap/dipstick. Since a certain quantity
of oil still remains in the circuit, add approx. 950 ÷ 1000 cm³ of oil through the cap
«A. Then start the engine, leave it running for a few minutes and shut it off: after 5
minutes, check the level and if necessary, top-up without exceeding the MAX level. The cartridge filter must be replaced at every oil change. For top-ups and changes,
use new oil of the recommended type.
03_02
WARNING
RUNNING THE ENGINE WITH INSUFFICIENT LUBRICATION OR WITH INADEQUATE LUBRICANTS ACCELERATES THE WEAR AND TEAR OF THE MOVING
PARTS AND CAN CAUSE IRRETRIEVABLE DAMAGE.
WARNING
EXCESSIVE OIL LEVEL AT TOP-UPS CAN LEAD TO SCALE FORMATION AND
VEHICLE MALFUNCTION.
39
3 Maintenance
Warning light (insufficient oil pressure)
CAUTION
USED OILS CONTAIN SUBSTANCES HARMFUL TO THE ENVIRONMENT. FOR
OIL CHANGE, CONTACT AN AUTHORISED PIAGGIO SERVICE CENTRE, AS
THEY ARE EQUIPPED TO DISPOSE OF USED OILS IN AN ENVIRONMENTALLY
FRIENDLY AND LEGAL WAY.
CAUTION
USING OILS OTHER THAN THOSE RECOMMENDED CAN SHORTEN THE LIFE
OF THE ENGINE.
Recommended products
AGIP CITY HI TEC 4T
Engine oil
SAE 5W-40, API SL, ACEA A3, JASO MA Synthetic oil
Hub oil level (03_03, 03_04)
Check the oil in the rear hub. To check the rear hub oil level, proceed as follows:
1) Park the scooter on level ground and rest it on its stand.
3 Maintenance
2) Unscrew dipstick «A», wipe it clean with a cloth, reinsert it and tighten completely.
3) Pull out the dipstick and check that the oil level is above the first notch from the
bottom.
4) Reinsert the dipstick and ensure that it is tightened correctly.
03_03
40
THE NOTCHES ON THE HUB OIL LEVEL DIPSTICK, EXCEPT THE ONE INDICATING THE MAX LEVEL, REFER TO OTHER MODELS BY THE MANUFACTURER AND HAVE NO SPECIFIC FUNCTION FOR THIS MODEL.
03_04
CAUTION
RIDING THE VEHICLE WITH INSUFFICIENT HUB LUBRICATION OR WITH CONTAMINATED OR IMPROPER LUBRICANTS ACCELERATES THE WEAR AND
TEAR OF THE MOVING PARTS AND CAN CAUSE SERIOUS DAMAGE.
CAUTION
USED OIL CAN HARM THE ENVIRONMENT. COLLECTION AND DISPOSAL
SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT IN COMPLIANCE WITH CURRENT REGULATIONS.
CAUTION
AN EXCESSIVE QUANTITY OF OIL CAN LEAD TO SPILL OVER, WHICH MAY
CAUSE THE ENGINE AND THE WHEEL TO GET DIRTY.
CAUTION
WHEN REPLACING THE HUB OIL DO NOT LET THE OIL COME INTO CONTACT
WITH THE REAR BRAKE DISC.
41
3 Maintenance
N.B.
CAUTION
FOR OIL REPLACEMENT, CONTACT ANY AUTHORISED SERVICE CENTRE AS
THEY ARE EQUIPPED TO DISPOSE OF USED OILS IN AN ENVIRONMENTALLY
FRIENDLY AND LEGAL WAY.
Recommended products
AGIP ROTRA 80W-90
Rear hub oil
SAE 80W/90 Oil that exceeds the requirements of API GL3 specifications
Characteristic
Rear hub oil
250 cc
Tyres (03_05)
Check the tyre pressure and wear periodically (roughly every 500 km). Tyres feature
wear indicators; replace tyres as soon as these indicators become visible on the tyre
tread. Also check that the tyres do not show signs of splitting at the side or irregular
tread wear; if this occurs, go to an authorised workshop or at least to a workshop
equipped to perform the replacement.
3 Maintenance
CAUTION
03_05
TYRE PRESSURE SHOULD BE CHECKED WHEN TYRES ARE COLD.INCORRECT TYRE PRESSURE CAUSES ABNORMAL TYRE WEAR AND MAKES RIDING DANGEROUS.
42
TYRES
Front tyre
120/70 - 12'' 51P Tubeless
Rear tyre
Tubeless 130/70 12'' 62P
TYRE INFLATION PRESSURE
Front tyre pressure (with
passenger)
1.8 bar (-)
Rear tyre pressure (with
passenger)
2.2 bar (-)
Spark plug dismantlement (03_06, 03_07)
Proceed as follows:
1. Lift the saddle «A».
2. Lift the helmet compartment «B» and reach into the spark plug with your hand.
3. Disconnect the cap of the spark plug HV wire «C».
4. Unscrew the spark plug using the wrench supplied.
03_06
5. Upon refitting, place the spark plug in the hole at the due inclination and finger
tighten it as far as it will go.
43
3 Maintenance
TYRES MUST BE REPLACED WHEN THE TREAD REACHES THE WEAR LIMITS
SET FORTH BY LAW.
6. Use the box-spanner supplied only for locking.
7. Place the cap fully over the spark plug.
CAUTION
03_07
SPARK PLUGS MUST BE REMOVED WHEN THE ENGINE IS COLD. SPARK
PLUGS MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS ARE DESCRIBED IN THE SCHEDULED
MAINTENANCE TABLE. USING NON-CONFORMING ELECTRONIC CENTRAL
UNITS AND ELECTRONIC IGNITIONS OR SPARK PLUGS OTHER THAN THOSE
PRESCRIBED MAY SERIOUSLY DAMAGE THE ENGINE.
N.B.
THE USE OF SPARK PLUGS OTHER THAN THE INDICATED TYPE OR OF
SHIELDLESS SPARK PLUG CAPS CAN CAUSE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM FAILURES.
Electric characteristic
Spark plug
NGK CR8EKB
Removing the air filter (03_08, 03_09, 03_10, 03_11)
Proceed as follows:
3 Maintenance
1. unscrew the fixing screw «A».
2. unscrew the nut «B» under the body.
3. remove the left side fairing.
4. remove the helmet compartment;
03_08
44
6. Unscrew the screws «D» and remove the air filter cover.
Remove the filtering element and clean it with water and shampoo; then dry it with a
clean cloth and short blasts of compressed air. Finally, immerse it in a mixture of 50%
oil of the recommended type and 50% petrol. Then gently squeeze the filter element
between your hands, allow it to drip and then refit it. Oil or water deposits in the filter
housing can be cleaned off by removing the two rubber caps «E».
CAUTION
03_09
IF THE VEHICLE IS USED ON DUSTY ROADS, IT IS NECESSARY TO SERVICE
THE AIR FILTER MORE OFTEN TO AVOID DAMAGING THE ENGINE.
CAUTION
03_10
IN ORDER NOT TO DAMAGE THE VEHICLE PLASTIC COVERS CONTACT AN
AUTHORISED SERVICE CENTRE TO HAVE THE AIR FILTER CLEANED.
Recommended products
AGIP FILTER OIL
Oil for air filter sponge
Mineral oil with specific additives for increased adhesiveness
03_11
45
3 Maintenance
5. unscrew the fixing screws «C» that can be reached once the helmet compartment
has been removed;
Cooling fluid level (03_12, 03_13)
03_12
The engine is cooled by a forced-circulation coolant system. The cooling circuit holds
coolant consisting of a mixture of 50% de-ionised water and 50% glycol ethylenebased antifreeze solution with corrosion inhibitors. The recommended coolant is
supplied premixed and ready to use. To ensure correct engine operation, the needle
on the coolant temperature gauge must be at the centre of the scale. If the needle
enters the red zone, turn off the engine, allow the engine to cool then check the coolant
level; if the level is OK, take your scooter to an Authorised Piaggio Service Centre. If when using your scooter at a low gear the coolant temperature exceeds the
above values, shut off the engine and let it cool down. Then check the coolant level;
if level is OK, take your scooter to an Authorised Piaggio Service Centre. Check
coolant when the engine is cold at the intervals indicated in the scheduled maintenance table, following the steps below.
a) Place the scooter in a vertical position on the stand.
b) Unscrew the fixing screw «A» and remove the cover.
c) Check the fluid level according to the two marks- MIN and MAX «B» on the reservoir
d) Top up if the fluid level is below the MIN level on the scale inside the expansion
tank. The fluid level must always be between the MIN and MAX levels.
03_13
If the fluid is near the minimum level, top-up only when the engine is cold. If the coolant
needs to be topped up frequently or the expansion tank is completely dry, check the
cooling system for the cause of the problem. Have the cooling system checked at an
Authorised Piaggio Service Centre. Coolant must be changed every 2 years at an
Authorised Piaggio Service Centre.
3 Maintenance
WARNING
TO AVOID THE RISK OF SCALDING, DO NOT UNSCREW THE EXPANSION
TANK COVER WHILE THE ENGINE IS STILL HOT.
46
IN ORDER TO AVOID HARMFUL FLUID LEAKS WHILE RIDING, IT IS IMPORTANT
TO MAKE SURE THAT THE LEVEL NEVER EXCEEDS THE MAXIMUM VALUE.
IN ORDER TO GUARANTEE THE PROPER FUNCTION OF THE ENGINE, IT IS
NECESSARY TO KEEP THE RADIATOR GRILLE CLEAN.
Recommended products
AGIP PERMANENT SPEZIAL
coolant
Monoethylene glycol-based antifreeze fluid, CUNA NC 956-16
Checking the brake oil level (03_14, 03_15)
The brake fluid reservoirs are located on the pumps under the handlebar cover (front
on the right-hand side, rear on the left-hand side). The procedures to check the brake
fluid level for the front and rear brakes are identical.
Proceed as follows:
1. rest the scooter on its centre stand and make sure the handlebar is centred;
2. check fluid level through the corresponding warning light «C».
03_14
A certain lowering of the level is caused by wear on the pads. Should the level appear
to be below the minimum mark, please contact an Authorised Service Centre or
Dealer in order to have a thorough inspection of the braking system carried out. Proceed as follows:
3. remove the tank cover «D» loosening the two screws «E» and refill reaching the
correct level with the prescribed brake fluid type only and without exceeding the maximum level.
47
3 Maintenance
WARNING
Under normal climatic conditions, the brake fluid should be changed every 2 years.
This operation must be carried out by trained personnel; take your vehicle to an authorised Service centre or Dealer.
WARNING
03_15
ONLY USE DOT 4 CLASS BRAKE FLUIDS. COOLING SYSTEM FLUIDS ARE
HIGHLY CORROSIVE. MAKE SURE THAT IT DOES NOT COME INTO CONTACT
WITH THE PAINTWORK
.
CAUTION
AVOID CONTACT OF BRAKE FLUID WITH EYES, SKIN, AND CLOTHING. IN
CASE OF CONTACT, RINSE WITH WATER. THE BRAKING CIRCUIT FLUID IS
HYGROSCOPIC, THAT IS, IT ABSORBS HUMIDITY FROM THE SURROUNDING
AIR. IF THE HUMIDITY IN THE BRAKING FLUID EXCEEDS A CERTAIN VALUE,
IT WILL LEAD TO INEFFICIENT BRAKING. NEVER USE BRAKING FLUID KEPT
IN CONTAINERS THAT HAVE ALREADY BEEN OPENED, OR PARTIALLY USED.
Recommended products
AGIP BRAKE 4
3 Maintenance
Brake fluid
FMVSS DOT 4 Synthetic fluid
48
To reach the battery «D », proceed as follows:
1. rest the scooter on its centre stand;
2. unscrew the 4 screws «A», remove the footrest «B».
3. remove the two battery fixing screws «C».
WARNING
03_16
IN ORDER TO AVOID DAMAGING THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM, NEVER DISCONNECT THE WIRING WHILE THE ENGINE IS RUNNING.
CAUTION
UPON CONNECTING THE BATTERY TERMINALS, AVOID CONTACT WITH THE
METAL BODY
WARNING
03_17
DO NOT TRY TO REMOVE THE BATTERY SEAL. THE ELECTROLYTE IN THE
BATTERY CONTAINS SULPHURIC ACID : AVOID CONTACT WITH EYES, SKIN
AND CLOTHES. IN THE CASE OF ACCIDENTAL CONTACT, RINSE WITH ABUNDANT OF WATER AND CONSULT A DOCTOR.
WARNING
SPENT BATTERIES ARE HARMFUL FOR THE ENVIRONMENT. COLLECTION
AND DISPOSAL SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT IN COMPLIANCE WITH CURRENT
REGULATIONS.
Electric characteristic
Battery
49
3 Maintenance
Battery (03_16, 03_17)
12V - 12 Ah
Use of a new battery
Ensure that the terminals are connected correctly and check voltage.
CAUTION
DO NOT REVERSE THE POLARITY: RISK OF SHORT CIRCUIT AND DAMAGE
TO THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM.
WARNING
SPENT BATTERIES ARE HARMFUL FOR THE ENVIRONMENT. COLLECTION
AND DISPOSAL SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT IN COMPLIANCE WITH CURRENT
REGULATIONS.
3 Maintenance
Long periods of inactivity
Battery performance will decrease if the vehicle is not used for a long time. This is the
result of the natural phenomenon of battery discharging plus residual absorption by
vehicle components with constant power consumption. Poor battery performance may
also be due to environmental conditions and the cleanness of the poles. In order to
avoid difficult starts and/or irreversible damage to the battery, follow any of these
steps:
- At least once a month start the engine and run it slightly above idle speed for 10-15
minutes. This keeps all the engine components, as well as the battery, in good working
order.
50
N.B.
THE BATTERY MUST BE CHARGED WITH A CURRENT EQUAL TO 1/10 OF THE
RATED CAPACITY OF THE BATTERY AND FOR NOT LONGER THAN 10 HOURS.
CONTACT AN AUTHORISED SERVICE CENTRE TO CARRY OUT THIS OPERATION SAFELY. WHEN REFITTING THE BATTERY MAKE SURE THE LEADS ARE
CORRECTLY CONNECTED TO THE TERMINALS.
WARNING
DO NOT DISCONNECT THE BATTERY CABLES WITH THE ENGINE RUNNING,
THIS CAN CAUSE PERMANENT DAMAGE TO THE VEHICLE ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNIT.
WARNING
SPENT BATTERIES ARE HARMFUL FOR THE ENVIRONMENT. COLLECTION
AND DISPOSAL SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT IN COMPLIANCE WITH CURRENT
REGULATIONS.
Fuses (03_18, 03_19, 03_20, 03_21, 03_22, 03_23)
The electrical system is equipped with:
1. six protection fuses «A» located in the glove compartment to the left
2. two fuses «B» located under the helmet compartment under the saddle hinge latch.
51
3 Maintenance
- Take your vehicle to a garage (as indicated in the "Vehicle not used for extended
periods" section) to have the battery removed. Have the battery cleaned, charged fully
and stored in a dry, ventilated place. Recharge at least once every two months.
3. one fuse «C» located under the helmet compartment on the left fairing.
The chart shows the position and characteristics of the fuses in the vehicle.
CAUTION
BEFORE REPLACING A BLOWN FUSE, FIND AND SOLVE THE FAILURE THAT
CAUSED IT TO BLOW. NEVER TRY TO REPLACE THE FUSE WITH ANY OTHER
MATERIAL (E.G., A PIECE OF ELECTRIC WIRE).
CAUTION
MODIFICATIONS OR REPAIRS TO THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM, PERFORMED
INCORRECTLY OR WITHOUT STRICT ATTENTION TO THE TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS OF THE SYSTEM, CAN CAUSE ERRORS IN FUNCTIONING AND
RISK OF FIRE.
FUSES
Fuse No. 1
Capacity: 30 A
Protected
circuits:
Battery
recharge circuit, fuses No. 6-7.
3 Maintenance
Live: Fuses No. 4 - 5 - 8 - 9
Fuse No. 2
Capacity: 7.5 A
Protected circuits: Electric fan
remote control, injection load
52
Fuse No. 3
3 Maintenance
remote control, immobilizer aerial,
ECU.
Capacity: 15A
Protected circuits: Injection load
(via remote control), ECU.
Fuse No. 4
Capacity: 10 A
Protected
circuits:
Turn
indicators, pre-installation for antitheft device, instrument panel.
Fuse No. 5
Capacity: 7.5 A
Protected
circuits:
headlight remote control.
Fuse No. 6
Horn,
Capacity: 15A
Protected circuits: Electric fan
(via remote control), high-beam
and low-beam lights (via remote
control).
Live: Saddle opening actuator.
Fuse No. 7
Capacity: 10 A
Protected
circuits:
Preinstallation for anti-theft device,
instrument panel.
Fuse No. 8
Capacity: 7.5 A
Protected
circuits:
circuit, stop light.
Start-up
53
Fuse No. 9
Capacity: 7.5 A
Protected circuits: Tail lights,
instrument panel lighting.
03_18
3 Maintenance
03_19
54
3 Maintenance
03_20
03_21
03_22
55
03_23
Front light group (03_24, 03_25, 03_26, 03_27)
To remove the front headlight assembly, proceed as follows:
1. Remove the rear-view mirrors.
2. Remove the screw «A» of the legshield grille.
3. Remove the screw «B» fixing the front handlebar cover.
4. Remove the screws «C» fixing the rear handlebar cover.
03_24
5. Detach the front handlebar cover.
So there is access to the bulbs. Open the ring nut and take out the high-/low-beam
light bulb «D». To change the tail light take out the rubber bulb socket from its fitting.
To reassemble, repeat the operation in the reverse order.
3 Maintenance
WARNING
THE TWIN-FILAMENT (HIGH-BEAM AND LOW-BEAM) BULB IS HALOGEN: DO
NOT TOUCH THE BULB WITH YOUR FINGERS TO AVOID COMPROMISING ITS
FUNCTIONING
03_25
56
IF MISTING IS NOTICED ON THE INSIDE OF THE HEADLAMP GLASS, THIS
DOES NOT INDICATE A FAULT AND IS RELATED TO THE HUMIDITY AND/OR
TO LOW TEMPERATURES.
THE PHENOMENON SHOULD QUICKLY DISAPPEAR WHEN THE LIGHT IS
SWITCHED ON.
THE PRESENCE OF DROPS OF WATER, ON THE OTHER HAND, COULD INDICATE THAT WATER IS INFILTRATING. CONTACT THE PIAGGIO AFTER-SALES
SERVICE NETWORK.
03_26
03_27
Headlight adjustment (03_28, 03_29)
Proceed as follows:
1. Place the vehicle in running order and with the tyres inflated to the prescribed pressure, on a flat surface 10 m away from a white screen situated in a shaded area,
making sure that the longitudinal axis of the scooter is perpendicular to the screen;
2. Turn on the headlight and check that the borderline of the projected light beam on
the screen is not lower than 9/10 of the distance from the ground to the centre of
vehicle headlamp and higher than 7/10;
03_28
3. If otherwise, adjust the right headlight with screw «A».
57
3 Maintenance
N.B.
N.B.
THE ABOVE PROCEDURE COMPLIES WITH THE EUROPEAN STANDARDS REGARDING MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM HEIGHT OF LIGHT BEAMS. REFER TO THE
STATUTORY REGULATIONS IN FORCE IN EVERY COUNTRY WHERE THE vehicle IS USED.
03_29
Front direction indicators (03_30)
To replace the front turn indicator bulbs, remove the tail light taking out the retaining
screw "A", remove the bulb holder from its fitting; gently turn the bulb around 30º and
remove it. Follow the process in reverse order to refit.
3 Maintenance
03_30
58
Remove screw «A» to remove the rear headlight assembly.
Access to taillight bulbs, stop light bulb and license plate bulb.
To reassemble, repeat the operation in the reverse order.
N.B.
03_31
IF MISTING IS NOTICED ON THE INSIDE OF THE HEADLAMP GLASS, THIS
DOES NOT INDICATE A FAULT AND IS RELATED TO THE HUMIDITY AND/OR
TO LOW TEMPERATURES.
THE PHENOMENON SHOULD QUICKLY DISAPPEAR WHEN THE LIGHT IS
SWITCHED ON.
THE PRESENCE OF DROPS OF WATER, ON THE OTHER HAND, COULD INDICATE THAT WATER IS INFILTRATING. CONTACT THE PIAGGIO AFTER-SALES
SERVICE NETWORK.
Rear turn indicators (03_32)
To gain access to the turn indicator bulbs, remove the fastening screws «E».
The bulbs have a bayonet coupling, to remove them press gently and twist anticlockwise about 30°. To refit follow the same steps but in reverse order.
03_32
59
3 Maintenance
Rear optical unit (03_31)
Rear-view mirrors
Adjust the mirrors by applying slight pressure to the side of the mirror to move it to the
desired position.
Front and rear disc brake (03_33, 03_34)
The brake disc and pad wear is automatically compensated, therefore it has no effect
on the functioning of the front and rear brakes. For this reason it is not necessary to
adjust the brakes. An excessively elastic brake lever stroke may indicate the presence
of air in the braking circuit or a failure in the braking system. In this case, mainly due
to the importance of brakes to guarantee safe riding conditions, the vehicle should be
taken to an Authorised Service Centre or Dealer.
CAUTION
03_33
THE BRAKING ACTION SHOULD BEGIN AFTER ABOUT 1/3 OF THE BRAKE
LEVER STROKE.
3 Maintenance
CAUTION
03_34
HAVE THE BRAKE PADS CHECKED BY THE DEALER ACCORDING TO THE
CHECKS SPECIFIED IN THE SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE TABLE. HOWEVER,
IN THE EVENT OF NOISES COMING FROM THE FRONT AND/OR REAR BRAKE
SYSTEM DURING OPERATION, IT IS ADVISABLE TO HAVE THE BRAKE SYSTEM CHECKED BY A PIAGGIO DEALER OR AUTHORISED SERVICE CENTRE.
AFTER REPLACING THE BRAKE PADS, DO NOT USE THE SCOOTER BEFORE
HAVING USED THE BRAKE LEVER SEVERAL TIMES IN ORDER TO ALLOW THE
PISTONS TO SETTLE AND THE LEVER STROKE TO BE SET TO THE CORRECT
POSITION.
60
THE PRESENCE OF SAND, MUD, SNOW MIXED WITH SALT, ETC. ON THE
ROAD, CAN DRASTICALLY REDUCE THE DURATION OF THE BRAKE PADS. IN
ORDER TO AVOID THIS, WE RECOMMEND WASHING THE VEHICLE FREQUENTLY WHEN RIDING IN THESE ROAD CONDITIONS.
Puncture
The vehicle is equipped with Tubeless tyres (without inner tube). In the event of a
puncture, contrary to the situation with a tyre with inner tube, the tyre deflates more
slowly, resulting in a greater steering safety. In the event of a puncture, it is admissible
to make an emergency repair using an "inflate and repair" spray can. For a final repair,
take your vehicle to an Authorised Service Centre or Dealer. The replacement of a
tyre involves removing the wheel in question. Take your vehicle to an Authorised
Service Centre or Dealer for these operations.
CAUTION
TO USE THE "INFLATE AND REPAIR" SPRAY PROPERLY FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS ON THE PACKAGING.
WARNING
THE WHEELS FITTED WITH TYRES SHOULD ALWAYS BE BALANCED. RIDING
THE VEHICLE WITH VERY LOW TYRE PRESSURE OR WITH INCORRECTLY
BALANCED TYRES CAN LEAD TO DANGEROUS STEERING VIBRATIONS.
61
3 Maintenance
CAUTION
Periods of inactivity (03_35)
We recommend carrying out the following operations:
1. Clean the scooter thoroughly and then cover it with a canvas;
2. With the engine off and the piston in the bottom dead centre position, remove the
spark plug, and pour into its hole 1 t0 2 cc of the recommended oil. Operate the starter
button 1-2 times for roughly 1 second to turn the engine over slowly, then insert the
spark plug again;
03_35
3. Ensure that the fuel tank is at least half full (in order to ensure the total immersion of the fuel pump); spread antirust grease on the unpainted metal parts;
keep the wheels lifted above the ground by resting the chassis on two wooden wedges;
4. As regards the battery, follow the instructions in the "Battery" section.
Recommended products
AGIP CITY HI TEC 4T
Oil to lubricate flexible transmissions (throttle control)
Oil for 4-stroke engines
Cleaning the vehicle
3 Maintenance
Use a low pressure water jet in order to soften the dirt and mud deposited on painted
surfaces. Once softened, mud and dirt must be removed with a soft sponge for bodywork soaked with water and shampoo (2-4% of shampoo in water). Then rinse
abundantly with water, and dry with a shammy cloth. Any polishing with silicon wax
must always be preceded by washing
62
IF THE SCOOTER IS USED ON DUSTY ROADS IT IS NECESSARY TO SERVICE
THE TRANSMISSION COVER FILTER SPONGE MORE FREQUENTLY.
CAUTION
DETERGENTS CAN POLLUTE WATER. THE VEHICLE MUST BE WASHED AT A
WASH STATION EQUIPPED WITH A SPECIAL WATER PURIFICATION SYSTEM.
WARNING
THE USE OF A HIGH-PRESSURE WATER JET IS STRONGLY DISCOURAGED
FOR ANY ENGINE CLEANING OPERATION; HOWEVER, IF NO OTHER MEANS
ARE AVAILABLE, IT IS THEN NECESSARY TO:
• ONLY USE FAN SPRAY JETS.
• DO NOT PLACE THE WATER JET NOZZLE CLOSER THAN 60 CM.
• DO NOT USE WATER AT TEMPERATURES OVER 40°C.
• DO NOT USE HIGH-PRESSURE WATER JETS.
• DO NOT STEAM WASH.
• DO NOT DIRECT THE JET STRAIGHT TO THE WIRING AND SLOT DIFFUSER
ON THE TRANSMISSION COVER.
WARNING
NEVER WASH THE SCOOTER IN DIRECT SUNLIGHT, ESPECIALLY DURING
SUMMER WHEN THE BODYWORK IS STILL HOT, AS THE SHAMPOO CAN DAMAGE THE PAINTWORK IF IT DRIES BEFORE BEING RINSED OFF. NEVER USE
63
3 Maintenance
WARNING
CLOTHS SOAKED IN PETROL, DIESEL OIL OR KEROSENE FOR CLEANING
THE PAINTED OR PLASTIC SURFACES SO AS NOT TO DAMAGE THE LUSTRE
FINISH OR ALTER THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES.
STARTING FAILURE
Emergency switch in «OFF»
Set the switch back to «ON»
Fuse blown
Replace the blown fuse and have
the vehicle checked by an
Authorised Service Centre.
IGNITION PROBLEM
Faulty spark plug
Contact an Authorised Service
Centre.
Faulty ignition / injection control
unit.
Contact an Authorised Service
Centre.
3 Maintenance
Faulty coil. Due to the presence of Contact an Authorised Service
high voltage, this check should
Centre.
only be carried out by an expert.
64
3 Maintenance
LACK OF COMPRESSION
Loose spark plug.
Screw in the spark plug tightly
Cylinder head loose, piston gas
rings worn.
Contact an Authorised Service
Centre.
Valve stuck
Contact an Authorised Service
Centre.
HIGH CONSUMPTION AND LOW PERFORMANCE
Air filter blocked or dirty.
Clean with water and shampoo and
impregnate with petrol and specific
oil (section «Removing the air
filter»)
INSUFFICIENT BRAKING
Greasy disc. Worn pads. Faulty
Contact an Authorised Service
braking system. Presence of air in Centre.
the front and rear brake circuit.
65
INEFFICIENT SUSPENSIONS
Shock absorber fault, oil leak, end Contact an Authorised Service
buffer damaged; shock absorber
Centre.
preloading incorrectly set
IRREGULAR AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION
Contact an Authorised Service
Centre.
3 Maintenance
Variator rollers and/or driving belt
damaged
66
Vespa GTS
Super 300
Chap. 04
Technical data
67
4 Technical data
04_01
68
4 Technical data
ENGINE TECHNICAL DATA
Type
Single-cylinder, 4-stroke
Cubic capacity
278 cm³
Bore x Stroke
75x63 mm
Compression ratio
11 ± 0.5 : 1
Engine idle speed
1,700 ± 100 rpm
Timing system
4 valves, single overhead
camshaft, chain-driven.
Valve clearance
Inlet: 0.10 mm Outlet: 0.15 mm
Max. Power
16.2 kW at 7,500 rpm
MAX. torque
22.3 at 5,000 rpm
Transmission
Automatic expandable pulley
variator with torque server, V-belt,
self-ventilating dry automatic
centrifugal clutch and transmission
housing with forced-circulation air
cooling.
Final reduction
Gear reduction unit in oil bath.
Lubrication
Engine lubrication with lobe pump
(inside crankcase) controlled by a
chain with double filter: mesh and
paper.
Cooling
Forced-circulation coolant system.
Start-up
Electric
69
Ignition
Electronic inductive discharge
ignition, high efficiency, with
separate HV coil.
Ignition advance
α/N three-dimensional map
managed by control unit
Spark plug
NGK CR8EKB
Alternative spark plug
-
Fuel supply
Electronic injection with Ø 32-mm
throttle body and electric fuel
pump.
Fuel
Unleaded petrol (95 RON)
Exhaust muffler
Absorption-type exhaust muffler
with a 3-way catalytic converter
and lambda probe.
Emission regulations
EURO 3
4 Technical data
VEHICLE TECHNICAL DATA
Chassis
Stamped plate supporting body.
Front suspension
Single arm suspension (cantilever
wheel) fitted with a dual-chamber
hydraulic shock absorber with
coaxial spring.
Rear suspension
Two double-acting shock
absorbers, adjustable to four
positions at preloading.
Front brake
Ø 220 mm disc with calliper with
counteracting pistons.
70
disc brake, diameter 220 mm, with
hydraulic servo operated from the
handlebar with the left-hand lever.
Wheel rim type
Light alloy rims.
Front rim
12'' x 3.00
Rear rim
12'' x 3.00
Front tyre
120/70 - 12'' 51P Tubeless
Rear tyre
Tubeless 130/70 12'' 62P
Front tyre pressure (with
passenger)
1.8 bar (-)
Rear tyre pressure (with
passenger)
2.2 bar (-)
Kerb weight
151 ± 5 kg
Maximum weight allowed
340 kg
Battery
12V-12Ah
4 Technical data
Rear brake
CAPACITY
Engine oil
1.3 l
Transmission oil
250 cm³
Cooling system fluid
~2l
Fuel tank capacity
~ 9.2 litres
71
Kit equipment (04_02)
One box-spanner for spark plugs; one twin screwdriver; one special spanner for adjusting the rear shock absorber. The tools are arranged in the front case.
4 Technical data
04_02
72
Vespa GTS
Super 300
Chap. 05
Spare parts and
accessories
73
Warnings
WARNING
TO PREVENT ACCIDENTS AND TO GUARANTEE PROPER STABILITY, PERFORMANCE AND SAFETY, RIDE THE VEHICLE VERY CAREFULLY WHEN IT IS
FITTED WITH ACCESSORIES OR WITH UNUSUAL LOADS.
WARNING
IT IS ALSO RECOMMENDED THAT "ORIGINAL PIAGGIO SPARE PARTS" BE
USED, AS THESE ARE THE ONLY ONES OFFERING YOU THE SAME QUALITY
GUARANTEE AS THOSE INITIALLY FITTED ON THE SCOOTER. THE USE OF
NON-ORIGINAL SPARE PARTS RENDERS THE WARRANTY VOID.
5 Spare parts and accessories
WARNING
PIAGGIO MARKETS ITS OWN LINE OF ACCESSORIES THAT ARE RECOGNISED AND GUARANTEED FOR USE. IT IS THEREFORE ESSENTIAL, IN ORDER
TO CHOOSE AND MOUNT THE ACCESSORIES CORRECTLY, TO CONTACT AN
AUTHORISED DEALER OR SERVICE CENTRE. THE USE OF NON-ORIGINAL
ACCESSORIES MAY AFFECT THE STABILITY AND OPERATION OF YOUR VEHICLE AND REDUCE SAFETY LEVELS WITH POTENTIAL RISKS FOR THE
RIDER.
74
NEVER RIDE THE SCOOTER EQUIPPED WITH ACCESSORIES (TOP BOX AND/
OR WINDSHIELD) AT A SPEED HIGHER THAN 100 km/h.
THE SCOOTER CAN BE RIDDEN AT A HIGHER SPEED WITHOUT THE ACCESSORIES MENTIONED BEFORE WITHIN THE LIMITS ESTABLISHED BY LAW.
IF THERE SHOULD BE NON-PIAGGIO ACCESSORIES INSTALLED, OR AN ABNORMAL LOAD, OR IF THE SCOOTER IS NOT IN A GENERALLY GOOD CONDITION, OR WHENEVER WEATHER CONDITIONS DEMAND IT, SPEED SHOULD
BE REDUCED FURTHER.
WARNING
BE EXTREMELY CAREFUL WHEN INSTALLING AND REMOVING THE MECHANICAL ANTI-THEFT DEVICE ON THE VEHICLE ( U-SHAPED PADLOCK, DISK
BLOCK, ETC.).
MAINLY NEAR THE BRAKE PIPES, TRANSMISSIONS AND/OR ELECTRIC CABLES, AN INCORRECT INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL OF THE ANTI-THEFT
DEVICE AS WELL AS LEAVING IT ON BEFORE STARTING THE VEHICLE CAN
SERIOUSLY DAMAGE ITS COMPONENTS, COMPROMISE THE CORRECT
FUNCTIONING OF THE VEHICLE AND USERS' SAFETY.
75
5 Spare parts and accessories
WARNING
76
5 Spare parts and accessories
Vespa GTS
Super 300
Chap. 06
Programmed
maintenance
77
Scheduled maintenance table (06_01)
Adequate maintenance is fundamental to ensuring long-lasting, optimum operation
and performance of your vehicle.
To this end, a series of checks and maintenance operations (at the owner's expense)
have been suggested, which are included in the summary table on the following page.
Any minor faults should be reported without delay to an Authorised Service Centre
or Dealer without waiting until the next scheduled service to solve it.
06_01
All scheduled maintenance services must be carried out at the specified intervals,
even if the stated mileage has not yet been reached. Punctual scooter servicing is
essential to ensure your warranty remains valid. For any further information concerning Warranty procedures and "Scheduled Maintenance", please refer to the "Warranty
Booklet".
SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE TABLE
km x 1,000
1
Safety locks
I
6 Programmed maintenance
Spark plug
5
10
20
I
R
R
30
35
40
45
R
R
R
50
55
60
I
I
R
R
R
R
A
A
A
A
A
A
Air filter
C
C
C
C
C
C
Belt compartment air filter
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
R
R
R
R
R
Oil filter
A
25
I
R
Driving belt
Throttle control
15
R
Valve clearance
A
A
A
Electrical system and battery
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Brake fluid *
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
78
1
Coolant *
I
Engine oil
R
Hub oil
R
Brake pads
I
5
10
15
20
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
Sliding blocks / variable speed rollers
I
25
35
I
R
I
R
I
30
R
I
I
45
50
I
I
I
I
40
R
I
I
R
I
I
55
R
I
I
I
I
I
60
R
R
I
I
R
R
R
R
R
R
Tyre pressure and wear
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Vehicle road test
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
A
A
A
A
A
A
Suspensions
Steering
A
I: CHECK AND CLEAN, ADJUST, LUBRICATE OR REPLACE IF NECESSARY.
C: CLEAN, R: REPLACE, A: ADJUST, L: LUBRICATE
* Replace every 2 years
RECOMMENDED PRODUCTS TABLE
Product
Description
Specifications
AGIP ROTRA 80W-90
Rear hub oil
SAE 80W/90 Oil that exceeds the
requirements of API GL3 specifications
AGIP CITY HI TEC 4T
Oil to lubricate flexible transmissions (throttle
control)
Oil for 4-stroke engines
AGIP FILTER OIL
Oil for air filter sponge
Mineral oil with specific additives for increased
adhesiveness
79
6 Programmed maintenance
km x 1,000
Product
Description
Specifications
Grease for brake levers, throttle
White calcium complex soap-based spray
grease with NLGI 2; ISO-L-XBCIB2
AGIP CITY HI TEC 4T
Engine oil
SAE 5W-40, API SL, ACEA A3, JASO MA
Synthetic oil
AGIP BRAKE 4
Brake fluid
FMVSS DOT 4 Synthetic fluid
AGIP PERMANENT SPEZIAL
coolant
Monoethylene glycol-based antifreeze fluid,
CUNA NC 956-16
6 Programmed maintenance
AGIP GP 330
80
TABLE OF CONTENTS
A
F
L
Air filter: 44
Fuel: 19
Fuses: 51
Light switch: 14
B
Battery: 49, 50
Brake: 47, 60
M
H
Maintenance: 37, 77, 78
Headlight: 57
Horn: 13
Hub oil: 40
Mirrors: 60
C
S
Clock: 11
Saddle: 20
Scheduled maintenance: 78
Shock absorbers: 29
Spark plug: 43
Stand: 33
Start-up: 14
I
Disc brake: 60
Identification: 21
Immobilizer: 15, 18
Instrument panel: 10
E
K
Engine oil: 38, 39
Engine stop: 15
Key switch: 12
Keys: 15
D
T
Tank: 19
Technical Data: 67
Top box: 22
Transmission: 33
81
Turn indicators: 59
Tyre pressure: 28
Tyres: 42
The descriptions and illustrations given in this publication are not binding. While the basic specifications as described and illustrated in this manual
remain unchanged, PIAGGIO-GILERA reserves the right, at any time and without being required to update this publication beforehand, to make any
changes to components, parts or accessories, which it considers necessary to improve the product or which are required for manufacturing or construction reasons.
Not all versions/models shown in this publication are available in all countries. The availability of single versions should be checked at the official Piaggio sales network.
"© Copyright 2007 - PIAGGIO & C. S.p.A. Pontedera. All rights reserved. Reproduction of this publication in whole or in part is prohibited."
PIAGGIO & C. S.p.A. - After-Sales
V.le Rinaldo Piaggio, 23 - 56025 PONTEDERA (Pi)