model
V.I.N.
purchase date
warranty expiry date
DEALER IMPRINT AREA
Text by:
The following are trademarks of Bombardier Limited.
Technical Information Centre
After Sales Service Department
Bombardier Limited
Valcourt, Quebec
Canada, JOE2LO
BOMBARDIER
SKI-DOO
ALPINE
BLIZZARD
CARRY-BOOSE
ELAN
ELITE
EVEREST
MIRAGE
NORDIC
OLYMPIQUE
SKI-BOOSE
T'NT
MOTO-SKI
FUTURA
SPIRIT
NUVIK
SONIC
CONGRATULATIONS ... You are now
the proud owner of a new 1978
snowmobile. This vehicle is the
result of incomparable teamwork between Bombardier designers, engineers and technicians. Consequently,
this vehicle is designed and enqineered
with safety, handling, comfort and
Quietness in mind. We do respect your
desires and that of others.
The information has been prepared to
acquaint the owner / operator of a
new snowmobile with the various vehicle controls, owner-related maintenance, and safe operating instructions.
This is accomplished via 'The Snowmobile Safety Handbook Booklet' and
the 'Operator Manual'. Each is inseparable toward proper use of the product,
and should be kept with the vehicle at
all times.
Should you have any questions pertaining to the warranty and its application, please consult the "Often Asked
Question" section of this manual or
your selling dealer.
This manual emphasizes particular information denoted by the wording and
symbols:
..... WARNING: Identifies an instrucT tion which, if not followed, could
cause personal injury.
. . CAUTION: Denotes an lnstruc'Y tlon which, if not followed" could
severely damage vehicle components.
NOTE: Indicates supplementary
information needed to fully complete an instruction.
Although the mere reading of such information does not eliminate the hazard, your understanding of the information will promote its correct use.
Ride safe and have fun.
Recreational Products Group
Bombardier Limited,
Valcourt Quebec, Canada
O
PLEASE ENSURE YOUR PROTECTION BY REGISTERING YOUR SNOWMOBILE, THROUGH YOUR DEALER, ATTHE FACTORY.
Observe the following precautions:
• Throttle mechanism sho uld be
checked for free movement before
starting engine.
• Engine should be running only when
pulley guard is secured in place.
• Never run engine without drive belt
installed. Running an unloaded engine can prove to be dangerous.
• Never run the engine at high R.P.M.
when the track of the vehicle is
raised off the ground.
• Your snowmobile is not designed to
be driven or operated on black top,
bare earth, or other abrasive surfaces. On such surfaces abnormal and
excessive wear of critical parts is
inevitable.
•
Only perform procedures as detailed
in this manual. Unless otherwise
specified, engine should be turned
OFF for all lubrication and mainte, nanee procedures.
•
Installation of other than "stock"
equipment including ski-spreaders,
bumpers, pack racks,' etc., could
severely affect the stability and
safety of your vehicle. Avoid adding on" accessories that alter the
basic vehicle configuration.
•
The snowmobile engine can be
stopped by
the emergency cut-out or tether switches/ or
turning off the key.
The R.V. is designed for the driver
only. No provisions have been made
for a passenger.
• It can be dangerous to run engine
with the cab open.
• Since
cooling is in effect
only when the vehicle is in motion,
it is recommended that you do not
allow the engine to idle for mere
than brief periods. Prolonged idling
and low speed
cause
engine
Because of
type
of engine cooling, it is not recommended to pull a trailer or sled with
this vehicle.
• Gasoline is flammable and explosive
under certain conditions. Always
perform
in a well ventilated area. Do not smoke or allow
open flames or sparks in the vicinity.
If gasoline fumes are noticed while
driving, the cause should be determined and corrected without delay.
• Your snowmobile is not designed to
be operated on public streets/ road
or highways. In most States and
Provinces, it is considered an illegal operation.
• Maintain your vehicle ~n
nical condition at all times.
2
mecha-
•
Please read' and understand all other
warnings contained elsewhere.
CONTROLS / INSTRUMENTS
Throttle control lever, brake control lever, ignition switch, light switch, headlamp
dimmer switch. emergency cut-out switch, tether cut-out switch, rewind starter.
primer/ tachometer, cab opening, tool box, fuel gauge..
.
" 4
BREAK-IN PERIOD
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .,
,.... I
FUELMIXING
Recommended gasoline, recommended oil, fuel mixture ratio, fuel mixing procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 8
PRE-START CHECK
Check points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 8
STARTING PROCEDURE
Manual starting, emergency starting . . . . . . . . . .. .
8
DRIVING TIPS
Air intake silencer, slide suspension/bulb replacement
, 9
LUBRICATION
Frequency, pulley guard removal, drive belt removal. steering mechanism, chain'.. .
10
case oil level, slide suspension, rotary valve system
MAINTENANCE
Spark plugs, suspension condition, track suspension adjustment track tension
and alignment, carburetor adjustment, drive belt, steering mechanism, brake,
steering adjustrnent. engine head nuts, engine mount nuts, exhaust svstern, vehicle general inspection, headlamp beam aiming,
12
STORAGE
Track, slide suspension, ski assembly, fuel tank carburetors, cylinder lubrication,
16
drive pulley, chaincase, controls, chassis, general inspection
PRE-5EASON PREPARATION
Pre-season preparationchart
19
TROUBLE SHOOTING
20
THE 1978 uLIMITEDWARRANTY" .. ,
22
TOOLING . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2!i
26
28
29
30
OFTEN ASKED QUESTIONS
CONSUMER GUIDE
LISTING OF AREA DISTRIBUTORS
HOW TO IDENTIFY YOUR SNOWMOBILE
CHANGE OF ADDRESS AND OWNERSHIP. . . . . . . . . . . .. .
~
31
3
A) Throttle Control Lever
B) Brake Control Lever
C) Ignition Switch
DJ Light Switch
EJ Head/amp Dimmer Switch
Located on right side of handlebar.
When compressed, it controls the engine speed and the engagement of the
transmission. When released, engine
speed returns automatically to idle.
Located on the left side of handlebar.
When compressed, the brake is applied. When
it automatically
returns to its original position. Braking
effect is proportionate to the pressure
applied on the lever.
4
FJ Emergency Cut-Out Switch
GJ Tether Cut-Out Switch
Hi Manual Starter Handle
/} Primer
J) Tachometer
OFF
",..ON
Key operated, 2 position switch (OFF /
ON). To start engine, first turn key
clockwise to ON position. To stop engine, turn key counter-clockwise to
OFF position.
A push-pull switch located on right
side of cab. With engine running! ifluminates both headlamp and taillight.
Pull fully out to illuminate.
The dimmer switch, located on left side
of handlebar, allows correct selection
of headlamp beam. To obtain high or
low beam simply depress switch.
A push button switch located on .rig~t
side of handlebar. To stop the engine In
an emergency, press button doyvn into
lower position. Before re-starunq engine always depress button Into released upper position. The driver of
this vehicle should familiarize himself
with the function of this' device by
using it several times on first outing.
Thereby being mentally prepared for
emergency situations requiring its use.
.... WARNING: If the button has
~ been used in an emergency situation the source of malfunction should
be determined and corrected before
restarting engine.
A pull switch located on the riqht side
of cab. Attach tether cord to Wrist or
other convenient location before starting engine then fully insert tether cutout cap on receptacle.
O
NOTE: The cap must be used at
all time in order to operate the
vehicle.
If emergency engine "shut off' is required, "pull" out completely the cap
from switch and engine power will
u
automaticatly be shut " off •
.... WARNING: If the switch is used
~ in an emergency situation the
source of malfunction should be determined and corrected before restarting engine.
Auto rewind type located on right hand
side of vehicle. To start engine, pull
handle.
A push-pull button located alongside
manual starter handle. Pull and push
button (2-3 times) to activate primer.
The primer should always be used for
cold engine starts. After enqme IS
warm however, it is not necessary to
use primer when starting.
The tachometer registers the impulses
of magneto. Direct-reading dial indicates the number of revolutions per
minute (RPM) of the engine.
. . CAUTION: The tachometer is
, . protected by a fuse, if tachometer
stops operating check fuse conditio."
and if necessary replace. The fuse IS
O. 1 amp. Do not use a higher rated
fuse as this can cause severe damage
to the tachometer.
To open cab! unfasten latches on both
sides near footrest where cab meets
frame. Always lift cab gently up until
stopped by restraining device.
.... WARNING: it is dangerous to run
~ engine with cab open. Personal
injury could result.
Located beside the chaincase under
the cab! to gain access/ tilt cab. Ideal
location for spare plugs, belt, rope, etc.
To check fuel level, simply unscrew
fuel tank cap and withdraw dipstick.
.... WARNING: Never use a lite
~ match or open flame to check.
fuel level.
5
With 8ombardier-Rotax snowmobile
engines, a break-in period is required
before running the vehicle at full
throttle. Manufacturer's, recommendation for the Bombardier-Rotax engine is 10 to 15 operating hours. During
this period, a richer mixture is needed
Ii.e. 40 parts of gas for 1 part of 50 / 1
Bombardier snowmobile oil). Maximum
throttle should not exceed %., however brief full acceleration and speed
variations contribute to a good breakin. Continued wide open throttle accelerations, prolonged cruising speeds,
and lugging are detrimental during the
break-in period.
I
After the break-in period, each snowmobile must have an inspection check.
This inspection is at the expense of the
veh iele owner.
Oil must be added to the gasoline in
pre-measured amounts then both oil
and gasoline should be thoroughly
mixed together before fueling the tan k.
The correct gasoline is premium gasoline, available from all service stations.
•
CAUTION: _ Never
experiment
with different fuel or fuel ratios.
Never use low lead or non leaded gasoline, naphta, methanol or simular
products.
Use concentrated Bombardier snowmobile oil available from your dealer.
This type of oil has specially formulated oil bases to meet the lubrication
requirements of the Bombardier-Rotax
engine.
If Bombardier snowmobile oil is unavailable, substitute with a high quality
2-cycle snowmobile oil. -The oil/gas
mix must meet the vehicle requirements. See oil manufacturer recommendations on container.
. . CAUTION: Never use ouboard
... or straight mineral oils.
The importance of using the correct fuel mixture cannot be overstressed. An
incorrect fuel ratio results in serious engine damage. Recommended fuel ratio
is 50 / 1.
5 gallons recommended gasoline plus 1
can of 50/ 1 concentrated Bombardier
snowmobile oil correct fuel mixture.
=
O
NOTE: To facilitate fuel mixing,
oil should be kept at room
rature.
'
6
2. Add full amount of oil.
To mix the gasoline and oil always use
a separate clean container. Never mix
directly in your snowmobile tank. For
best results, acquire two containers, either plastic or metal. Draw from one
until empty then use the second one.
+
WARNING: Gasoline is flammable and explosive under certain
conditions. Always perform procedures in a well ventilated area. Do not
smoke or allow open flames or sparks
in the vicinity. If gasoline fumes are
noticed while driving, the cause should
be determined and corrected without
delay. Never add fuel while engine is
funning. Avoid skin contact with fuel at
below freezing temperatures.
1. Pour approximately one gallon of
gasoline into a clean container.
4. Add the remainder of the gasoline.
5. Once again thoroughly agitate the
container. Then using a funnel with
a fine mesh screen to prevent the
entry of water and foreign particles,
transfer mixture from container into
the snowmobile tank.
a
NOTE: When using pre-mixed
fuel, always shake the container
thoroughly as the oil has a tendency to
settle.
..... WARNING: Never 'top up' gas
~ tank before placing the vehicle in
a warm area. At certain temperatures,
gasoline will expand and overflow.
7
position
starting
engine
Activate the throttle control lever
several times to check that it operates easily and smoothly. The
throttle control lever must return to
idle position when released.
Check that the skis and the track are
not frozen to the ground or snow
surface and that the steering operates freely.
Activate the brake control lever and
make sure the brake fully applies before the brake control lever touches
the handlebar grip.
Check fuellevel.
Verify that the path ahead of the vehicle is clear of bystanders and
obstacles.
.&. WARNING:
Only start your
. . . snowmobile once all components
are checked and functioning properly.
lower position
to stop engine
1. Insert key in ignition and turn to ON
position.
2. Test throttle control lever.
3. Activate primer (2 to 3 times). Primer is not necessary when engine is
warm.
4. Make sure the tether cut-out cap is
in position and that the cord is attached to your body. Check that the
emergency cut-out button is in the
released upper position .
5.
manual starter handle firmly
and pull slowly until a resistance is
felt then pull vigorously. Slowly release rewind starter handle.
.&. WARNiNG: Do not apply throttle
. . . while starting.
6. Check operation of the emergency
Gut-out switch, and tether switch.
Restart vll~-411 II;:; •
.&. WARNING: If engine does not
. . . shut-off when applying the emergency cut-out switch and / Of, pulling
the tether cut-out cap, stop the engine
by turning off the ignition key. Do not
operate the vehicle further, see your
dealer.
7. Allow the engine to warm before
....,.." . . . ".'"'l,t,,...,,..... at full throttle.
. . CAUTiON: Since engine cooling
..- is in effect nnly when the vehiole
is in motion, prolonqed idling and low
speed operation may cause engine
damage. Do not allow the engine to
idle for more than brief periods. It is not
recommended to pull a trailer or sled
with this vehicle, engine overheating
may occurs.
8
Should the rewind starter rope fray and
break, the engine can be started with
an emergency starter rope.
Tilt the pulley guard forward then wind
the emergency rope tight around the
drive pulley between the sliding half
and the roller guard. Start engine asper
usual manual starting .
The neck of the air intake silencer must
always be turned down and facing the
rear (see illustration) otherwise the
pressure created by the vehicle speed
will lean the mixture and cause engine
damage.
WARNING: When starting the
•
vehicle in an emergency situation
by the drive pulley, do not make a knot
at the end of the emergency rope and
do not reinstall the pulley guard.
-
CAUTION: Never operate your
.". snowmobile with the air intake
silencer disconnected. Serious engine
damage will occur if this notice is disregarded.
WARNING: Do not start the vehi•
cle by the drive pulley unless it is
a true emergency situation, have the
vehicle repaired as soon as possible.
During normal driving, snow will act as
a lubricant and coolant for the slider
shoes. Extensive riding on ice or sanded snow, (not to mention dirt, asphalt,
etc. never recommended) will create
excessive heat build-up and cause premature slider shoe wear.
If headlamp is burnt, tilt cab. Unplug
connector from headlamp. Remove
rubber boot and unfasten bulb retainer
clips. Detach bulb and replace. If
taillight bulb is burnt, expose bulb by
removing red plastic lens. To remove,
unscrew the two (2) Phillips head
screws. Verify all lights after replacement.
9
Routine maintenance is necessary for
all mechanized products, and the
snowmobible is no exception. A weekly
vehicle inspection contributes to the
life span of the snowmobile as well as
retain safe and trouble-free operation.
It is recommended that the steering
system and suspension, be lubricated
monthly or every 40 hours of operation. If the vehicle is operated in wet
snow or in severe conditions these
items should be lubricated more frequently.
WARNING: Only perform such
•
procedures as detailed in this
manual. It is recommended that dealer
assistance be periodically obtained on
other components / systems not covered in this manual. Unless otherwise
specified, engine should be turned OFF
for all lubrication and maintenance
procedures.
WARNING: Never start or run
•
engine without drive belt installed. Running an unloaded engine is
dangerous.
1. Tilt 'cab and pulley guard, unlock
and raise driven pulley support.
Driven
pulley
support
2. Open the driven pulley by twisting
and pushing the sliding half. Hold in
fully open position.
~
WARNING: Engine should be
running only when pulley guards
are secured in place.
Tilt cab. To tilt drive pulley guard remove clip and unscrew wing nut (A).
3. Slip slackened belt over the top edge of the sliding half.
~
If necessary to remove driven pulley
guard remove nuts (8) and (C).
10
4. Slip the belt out from the drive pulley and remove completely from
vehicle. To install drive belt, reverse
procedure.
o
NOTE: The chain case oil capacity
is approximately 256 rnl (9 oz.).
Using a low pressure grease gun, lubricate the idler wheels with low temperature grease. Pump 3 to 4 times
through the grease fitting located on
each cap of idler wheel. Wipe off excess
Lubricate ski legs at grease fittings until
new grease appears at joints. Oil ski
leg / coupler bolts.
_
CAUTION: Do not lubricate
. . throttle and / or brake cable
housings.
Check reservoir oil level frequently.
Level should not be below level line of
plastic reservoir. If necessary replenish
to oil level line using "Castrol Injector
Oil" or equivalent available from your
dealer.
Using the spark plug socket, remove
the filler cap then using a rigid wire as
a "dipstick" check oil level. The oil
level on the "dipstick" should be 75-90
mm (3" to 31;2 "). Replenish as necessary.
11
The following Maintenance Chart
indicates regular servicing schedules
to be
by you or your servicing
If these services are performed as suggested, your snowmobile
will
you many years of low-cost
use.
.& WARNING:
Only perform such
procedures as detailed in this
manual. It is recommended that dealer
assistance be periodically obtained on
other components I systems not c~v­
ered in this manual. Unless otherwise
specified, engine should be turned OFF
for all lubrication and maintenance
procedures.
T
Code Weekly
Wl
W2
W3
W4
W5
W6
W7
Spark plugs
Suspension (condition)
Track
Suspension (adjustment}
Carburetor adjustment
Drive belt
Steering mechanism
Page
12
12
12
13
M1
14
14
M3
M4
M5
M6
Fouled
(black)
14
Page
Brake
Steering adjustment
Engine head nuts
Engine mount nuts
Exhaust system
Vehicle general inspection
Headlamp adjustment
Overheated
(light grey)
14
14
Code Monthly
M2
Disconnect spark plug wires and remove spark plugs. Check condition of
plugs.
• A brownish tip reflects ideal conditions (correct carburetor adjustment, spark plug heat range, etc.l.
.• A black insulator tip indicates fouling caused by: car.burstor idle speed
mixture and I or high speed mixture
too rich, incorrect fuel mixing ratio ,
wrong type of spark plug (heat
range), or excessive idling.
• A light grey insulator tip indicates a
lean mixture caused by: carburetor
high speed mixture adjusted too
lean, wrong spark plug heat range,
incorrect fuel mixture ratio, or a
leaking seal or gasket.
15
15
15
15
. . CAUTION: If spark plug condi... tion is not ideal, contact your
dealer.
Check spark plug gap using a wire
feeler gauge. Reinstall plugs and connect wires.
Visually inspect suspension springs.
Replace any weak or broken spring.
Inspect shoe condition of slide suspension and replace as necessary.
With rear of vehicle off the ground, rotate track and inspect condition. Check
for bad cuts, missing inserts or track
guides. If bad cuts, missing or defective inserts or guides are noted, contact
your deafer.
12
WARNING: Do not operate a
•
snowmobile with a cut, torn, or
damage track.
_
CAUTION: Too much tension will
... result in power loss and excessive
stresses on suspension components.
If necessary to adjust, loosen or tighten
adjuster bolts located on inner side of
rear idler wheels. If correct tension is
unattainable, contact your dealer.
The suspension is adjustable, the front
adjustment for surface condition, the
rear for driver's weight.
When the front adjuster blocks are at
the lowest elevation more weight is
distributed on skis. At the highest position the weight is transferred from the
skis to the track. The rear adjuster
blocks should be adjusted to suit the
driver's preference.
O
_
CAUTION: Always turn left side
... adjuster blocks in a clockwise direction, the right side blocks in a counter-clockwise direction. Left and right
adjuster blocks of each adjustment
must always be set at the same
elevation.
WARNING: Before checking
•
track alignment, ensure that the
track is free of all particles which could
be thrown out while track is rotating.
Keep hands, tools, feet and clothing
clear oftrack.
Lift rear of vehicle and support with a
mechanical stand. Allow slide to extend normally. Check the gap (see
specification sheet) between slider
shoe and bottom inside of track. If
track tension is too loose, the track will
have a tendency to thump.
NOTE: Track tension and alignment are inter-related. Do not adjust one without the other.
Start the engine and accelerate slightly
so that track turns slowly. Check that
track is well centered and turns evenly.
To correct, stop engine then loosen the
lock nuts and tighten the adjuster bolt
on side where track is closest to the
frame. Tighten lock nuts and recheck
alignment.
13
The carbureto r adjustments are:
throttle slide adjustment, air screw adjustment and idle, speed adjustment.
Inspect belt for cracks, fraying or abnormal wear (uneven wear, wear on
one side, etc.J. If abnormal wear is
noted, probable cause is pulley misalignment. Contact your dealer. Check
drive belt width, if less than stipulated
in the vehicle specification sheet, replace belt.
NOTE: When installing a new
drive belt, a break-in period of
15-25 km (10-15 miles) is strongly recommended.
a
B
Inspect steering mechanism for tightness of components (steering arms, tie
rods, ball joints/ spring coupler bolts/
etc.). If necessary, replace or retighten.
Check condition of skis and ski runners. Replace if wo rn.
Completely open {counter-clockwise}
the idle speed screw (of each carburetor). Unlock cables adjuster lock nuts
then adjust the throttle cables to remove all slack and to synch ronize the
two throttle slides when operating
throttle control lever. Lock cables adjusters in position by tightening the adjusters lock nuts.
Completely close the air screw (of each
carburetor) until a slight seating resistance is felt. Back off each screw as indicated in the vehicle specification sheet.
Turn idle speed screw (of each carburetor) clockwise until it contacts the
throttle slide then continue turning two
(2) additional turns. This will provide a
preliminary idle speed setting. Start engine and allow it to warm then adjust
idle speed to 3000-3200 RPM by turning idle speed screws clockwise or
co unter-clockwise.
. . CAUTION: Do not attempt to set
... the idle speed by using the air
screws. Severe engine damage can
occur.
14
The brake mechanism is self-adjusting,
therefore periodic adjustment is not required. However, the brake mechanism
can be checked by depressing brake
control lever. Brake should apply fully
when lever is 13 mm (~") approx.
from handlebar grip. If it does not, do
not tamper with the brake, contact
your servicing dealer. Check the stop
light to see if it functions. If necessary,
readjust switch position.
1
..... WARNING: Brake pucks less
.... than 5 mm (=}t1a") must be replaced. Replacement must be performed by an authorized dealer. Always check the stop light to see if it
functions.
Skis should have a toe out of 3 mm
( Vs "l, To check, measure distance between skis at front and rear of leaf
springs. If necessary to adiust:
Loosen the lock nuts of the longer tie
rod then turn tie rod manually until
skis are properly aligned. Firmly re,
tighten lock nuts.
.... CAUTION: Do not operate ve, . . hide with muffler disconnected
(at the end of the two tuned exhaust)
otherwise serious engine damage wiH
occur.
Handlebar should also be horizontal
when the skis are pointed toward front.
To adjust:
Loosen the lock nuts of the shorter tie
rod. Turn tie rod manually until handlebar is horizontal. Retighten lock nuts
firmly.
.... WARNING: The ball joint socket
, . . must run parallel with the steering
arm. The socket must be restrained
when tightening the tie rod end lock
nuts.
electrical \viring and components, retighten loose connections.
Check for stripped wires or damaged
insulation. Thoroughly inspect the vehicle and tighten loose bolts, nuts and
linkage. Inspect skis and ski- runners for
wear.
The angle of the headfamp beam has
been pre-adjusted prior to delivery.
Should you wish re-adjustment, place
vehicle on a flat surface 7.6 m (25')
from a wall or screen.
TOP VIEW
After the first 5 hours of
check that engine head nuts are tight
and equally torqued to 1.5-1.8 kg-m
(11-13 ft-lbsl when cold.
SIDE VIEW
With the suspension correctly adjusted, the rider seated on the vehicle
and the high beam ON (engine must be
running on manual start models),
check that the center of high intensity
zone of high beam is 50 mm (2 below
horizontal line of headlamp height.
11
)
Headlamp horizontal line
neaclamp)
Check engine mount nuts for tightness.
Retighten if necessary.
The engine I exhaust system parts are
vital toward efficient muffler function.
Check all attachments. Replace springs
and / or tighten if necessary.
·-------f-
Intensity zone
of high beam
----.--
50mm (2")
Center line of
intensity zone
.....Beam vertical line
To adjust, remove headlamp chrome
ring, turn upper or lower adjusting
screws to obtain desired beam position.
15
Remove any dirt or rust. Grease idler
wheels at grease fittings. Wipe off surplus. Replace worn slider shoes.
IMPORTANT: It is during summer,
or when a vehicle is not in use for any
length of time that proper storage is a
necessity. Storage of the snowmobile
during long periods of inactivity consists of checking and replacing missing
broken or worn parts: proper lubrication and treatments to insure that parts
do not become rusted; cleaning items
such as carburetor of oil mixtures, to
prevent gum varnish formation within
the carburetor; and in general, preparing the vehicle so that when the
time comes to use the snowmobile
again it will start and be in top condition .
WARNING: Only perform such
•
procedures as detailed in this manual. It is recommended that dealer
assistance be periodically obtained on
other components I systems not covered in this manual. Unless otherwise
specified, engine should be turned OFF
for all lubrication and maintenance
procedures.
Inspect track for cuts, missing track
guides and broken rods. Make any
necessary replacement. Lift rear of
vehicle until track is clear of ground
then support with brace or trestle. The
snowmobile should be stored in such a
way that track does not stay in contact
with cement floor or bare ground.
O
NOTE: The track should be rotated periodically, (every 40 days).
Do not release track tension.
16
Wash or brush all dirt or rust accumulation from skis and springs. Grease ski
legs at grease fittings. Check condition
of skis, ski runners and leaf springs.
Replace if worn or weak.
Apply metal protector on ski assembly. If unavailable, wipe the entire ski
with cloth soaked in oil to prevent rust
formation.
Remove cap then using a syphon! remove gasoline from tank.
.&.
WARNING: Gasoline is flammable and explosive under certain
conditions. Always perform procedures in a well ventilated area. Do not
smoke or allow open flames or sparks
in the vicinity.
T
The carburetors must be dried out
completely to prevent gum formation
during the storage period.
Engine internal parts must be lubricated to protect cylinder walls from possible rust formation during the storage
period.
O
NOTE: This operation should be
repeated every 40 days during
storage.
Remove spark plugs. Operate rewind
starter to bring piston at top position.
Pour the equivalent of one spoonful of
oil into spark plug hole.
Assure that inlet fuel line is disconnected.
Remove plug of the float chamber of
each carburetor. Drain carburetors.
Reinstall plugs and connect fuel lines.
Slowly crank engine several times
using manual starter. Repeat above
steps for other cylinder. Install spark
plugs .
. . . CAUTION: To prevent ignition
•
system damage, make sure that
the cut -out button is in the lower position.
Inspection and cleaning should be performed by the dealer every 100 operating hours or at the end of each season, whichever occurs first.
IMPORTANT: The drive pulley assembly will be excluded from warranty! if
the factory seal is broken by other than
a duly authorized representative of
Bombardier.
17
Drain the chaincase completely and refill to proper level using fresh chaincase oil. To drain, remove chaincase
cover.
Lubricate steering mechanism. Inspect
components for tightness, (spring
coupler bolts, steering arm locking
bolts, tie rods, ball joints, etc.l. Tighten
if necessary. Oil moving joints of brake
mechanism.
WARNING: Do not lubricate
•
throttle and / or brake cable housing. Avoid getting oil on brake pads.
Coat electrical connections and switches with a greaseless metal protector. If
unavailable, use petroleum jelly.
Clean the vehicle thoroughly, removing
all dirt and grease accumulation.
_
CAUTION: Plastic alloy cornpo... nents such as fuel tank, windshield, etc.. can be cleaned using mild
detergents or isopropyl alcohol. Do not
use strong soaps, degreasing solvents,
abrasive cleaners, paint thinners, etc.
Inspect cab and repair damage. Repair
kits are available at your authorized
dealer. Clean frame. (Use only "Aluminum cleaner" and follow instructions
on container).
Touch up all metal spots where paint
has been scratched off. Spray all bare
metal parts of vehicle with metal protector. Wax the cab for better protection.
O
NOTE: Apply wax on glossy finish of cab only. Protect the vehicle with a cover to prevent dust accumulation during storage.
_
CAUTION: If for some reason
... the snowmobile has to be stored
outside it is necessary to cover it with
an opaque tarpaulin. This caution will
prevent the sun rays affecting the plastic components and the vehicle finish.
Check electrical wiring and components, retighten loose connections.
Check for stripped wires or damaged
insulation.
Thoroughly inspect the vehicle and
tighten loose bolts, nuts and linkage.
NOTE: Leave drive belt off pulleys for the entire storage period.
O
18
Snow is falling and you are now anticipating the next snowmobile safari. If
you have observed and adhered to the
storage procedures outlined in this manual, your vehicle preparation becomes
a relatively easy task.
To simplify the pre-season preparation
we have drawn up a small chart. The
chart indicates servicing points to be
performed by you and your servicing
dealer. If these services are performed
as suqqested, your vehicle will give you
many hours of fun and low cost use.
IMPORTANT: Observe all Warnings
and Cautions mentioned throughout
this manual which are pertinent to the
item being checked. When component
conditions seem less than satisfactorv,
replace with genuine Bombardier parts.
To be performed by dealer
To be performed by owner
•
0
Change spark plugs
Check chaincase oil level
Check drive pulley and clean
0
0
•
Replace fuel filter
0
0
Connect fuel lines and check
attaching points
0
Check ski alignment
Check track tension and aliqnment
Lubricate suspension
Inspect drive belt and install
0
0
0
Check throttle cable for damage
and free operation
0
Inspect brake condition and operation
0
Inspect oil seals for possible
cuts or leaks
•
•
Check engine timing
Check electrical wiring (broken wire,
damaged insulation)
0
Inspect condition of starting rope
0
Check tightness of all bolts, nuts
and linkage
0
Refill gas tank
0
Adjust carburetors
Check oil level of rotary
valve reservoir
•
0
19
SYMPTOMS
POSSIBLE CAUSES
WHAT TO DO
Engine turnsover but
failsto start or starts
with difficulty
1. No fuel to the engine
Check the tank level and fill up with correct
gas-oil mixture. Check for possible clogging of
fuel, item 5.
2. Sparkplug
Check for fouled or defective spark plug. Disconnect spark plug wire, unscrew plug and
remove from cylinder head. Reconnect wire
and ground exposed plug on engine, being
careful to hold away from spark plug hole.
Follow engine starting procedure and check for
spark. If no sparks appear, replace spark plug.
If trouble persists, check item 3.
3. Faultyignition
Disconnect spark plug wire from plug, unscrew
the spark plug cap then hold wire about
3 mm I Ya"1 from the cylinder head. Follow engine starting procedure and if no sparks
appear, it means a faulty ignition system. Do
not attempt to repair. Contact your dealer.
4. Flooded engine
Remove wet spark plugs, turn ignition to OFF
and crank engine several times. Install clean
dry spark plugs. Start engine following usual
starting procedure. If engine continues to flood,
see your dealer.
5. Clogged fuel line (water or
dirt)
Remove and clean the fuel filter. Change filter
cartridge if necessary. Check condition and
connections offuel lines. Check the cleanliness
offuel tank.
6. Faultycarburetor
First make primary adjustments on carburetor
(See Maintenance Section!. If carburetor is
still faulty, contact your dealer forrepair.
7. Too muchoil in fuel
Drain the fuel tank and refill with the correct
gas/oil mixture.
8. Engine timing
Engine timing may be defective or out of
adjustment Contact your dealer.
9. Poorenginecompression
Running with a lean fuel mixture may produce
excessive engine wear resulting inpoor engine
compression. If this occurs, contact your dealer
atonce.
1. Seized engine
In the case of a seized engine contact your
dealer. Seizure is a direct result of poor
lubricstion
Engine will not turn
manually
20
SYMPTOMS
POSSIBLE CAUSES
WHAT TO DO
Engine tacksacceleration or power
1. Fouled or defective spark plug
Check item 2 of "Engine turns over but fails
tostart orstarts with difficulty".
2. Clogged fuel line {water or
Check fuel lioe conditKlIl. ISeeitern 6 of "Engine tums over but fails III startor starts willi
difficulty".l
dirtl
Engine continually
backfires
Snowmobile cannot
reach full speed
3. Carburetor
Readjust the carburetors. ISee Maintenance
section!. If trouble persists, contact yourdealer.
4. Faulty ignition
First check item 2and 3 of"Engine turns over
but fails to start or starts with difficulty". If
the ignition system still seems faulty, contact
your dealer.
5. Engine
II unable to locate specific symptoms, contact
your dealer.
1. Faulty spark plug
Check item 2 of"Engine turns over but fails to
start orstarts with difficulty".
2. Overheated
Carburetors set too lean. Contact your dealer.
3. Engine timing incorrectly set
Contact your dealer.
1. Drive belt
Check fordamaged orworn drive beltReplace
if necessary.
2. Incorrect track adjustment
Check track tension and alignment Readjust to
specifications. (See Maintenance seetionl
3. Faulty engine
Check item 1to5 of"Engine lacks acceleration
orpower".
4. Pulley misaligned
Contact your dealer.
21
BOMBARDIER Limited as manufacturer, warrants FROM THE DATE OF FIRST
CONSUMER SALE, every Ski-Doo@snowmobile, sold AFTER MAY 1ST, 1977, as
NEW AND UNUSED, by an authorized SKI-DOO dealer, subject to the following
limitations and conditions, for a period of:
two (2) seasons maximum for models:
1976-77-78
Elan@
Olympique*
T'NTdIl FI A-F/C
Evereste
Elite@
Warranty STARTS on DECEMBER 1ST of the year of sale if sold between APRIL
30TH and before DECEMBER 1ST of the same year, or from the date of sale if sold
between DECEMBER 1ST of one year and APRIL 30TH of the following year.
The warranty period ENDS the SECOND APRIL 30TH following the date warranty
coverage started.
Ninety (90) consecutive days for models:
1976-77-78
RV*
Blizzard®6500
Alpines
Subject to the following:
1. When a sale is made after MARCH 31 ST of a given year but before THE 1ST
DAY OF DECEMBER of the same year, the warranty will start on DECEMBER
1ST following the date of sale.
2. When a sale is made on lor after JANUARY 2ND of a given year, the unused
portion of the 90 days warranty as of MARCH 31 ST, of that year will be carried
over to the next season, beginning the 1ST DAY OF DECEMBER.
Any models not listed above are covered by the original manufacturer warranty (if any) in effect at the time of manufacturing.
BOMBARDIER will repair and I or replace, at its option, components defective in
material and I or workmanship (under normal use and service .) with a genuine
BOMBARDIER component without charge for parts or labour at any authorized
SKI-DOO dealer during the specified period.
Items and components:
Any expendable items and I or components that are damaged or worn due to normal use or lack of proper maintenance, are excluded from this warranty.
Bombardier under this warranty, will not remedy or pay for the following:
- Damage resulting from installation of parts other than genuine BOMBARDIER
parts.
- Damage caused bv failure to provide proper maintenance as detailed in the
Operator Manual supplied with each SKI-DOO snowmobile. The labour, parts
,and lubricants cost of all maintenance services, including tune-ups and adjustments will be charged to the owner.
- Damage resulting from improper servicing or adjustment of the drive pulley assembly. The drive pulley assembly is factory sealed, and can only be serviced by
an authorized SKI-DOO dealer,
- Damaqe resulting from operation of the snowmobile on surfaces other than snow.
- Damage resulting from accident, fire or other casualty, misuse, abuse or neglect.
22
Damage resulting from modification to the snowmobile not approved in writing
by BOMBARDIER.
- Losses incurred by the snowmobile owner other than parts and labour, such as,
but not limited to, transportation, towing, telephone calls, taxis, or any incidental or consequential damages.
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential
damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply.
Present, to the servicing dealer. the hard copy of the SKI-DOO Customer Registration card given by the selling dealer at time of purchase.
This warranty gives you specific rights, and you may also have other legal rights
which may vary from state to state.
Where applicable this warranty is expressly in lieu of all other expressed or implied
warranties of BOMBARDIER, its distributors and the selling dealer, including any
warranty of merchantability of fitness for any particular purpose; otherwise the
implied warranty is limited to the duration of this warranty. However, some states
do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation may not apply.
Neither the distributor the selling dealer nor any other person has been authorized
to make any affirmation, representation or warranty other than those contained in
this warranty and if made, such affirmation, representation or warranty shall not
be enforceables against BOM BARDIER or any other person.
1
1
I
If a servicing problem or other difficulty occurs; we suggest the following:
1. Try to resolve the problem at the dealership with the Service Manager or Owner.
2. If this fails, contact your area distributor.
3. Then if your grievance still remains unsolved, you may write to us:
Bombardier Limited
Customer Relations Dept.
Recreational Product Group
Valcourt, Quebec, Canada, JOE2LO
Bombardier Limited raerves the right to modify its warranty policy at any
time, being understood that sueh modification will not aher the waIT8nty
conditionsapplicable to vehielessold while the abovewarranty is in effect.
March 19n
BOMBARDIER LIMITED
Valcourt, Quebec, Canada, JOE2LO
*Trademark of Bombardier limited
8Registered Trademark of Bombardier Limited
23
~
HOW THE BOMBARDIER SNOWMOBILE
TWO SEASON WARRANTY WORKS *
Best months to purchase
your Bombardier snowmobile
EXAMPLES
Maximum possible
Warranty period:
Purchase date:
May 1st, 1977
Warranty ends:
April 30th, 1979
Purchase date:
January 1st, 1978
Warranty ends:
April 30th, 1979
Purchase date:
August 1st, 1977
Warranty ends:
April 30th, 1979
MAY IJUNE IJULY IAUG.I SEPT.! OCII NOV. IDEC. IJAN.' FEB.' MAR.! APRIL IMAY IJUNEI JULYI AUG. ISEPT.! OCI! NOV. IDEC.! JAN.l FEB.I MARl APRI
SNOW
MONTHS
As standard equipment each new
snowmobile is supplied with a basic
tool kit such as screwdriver, wrenches,
emergency starter rope, etc ...
G
D
A. Screwdriver
E. Starter rope
B. Socket 10/ 13mm
F.
C. Open end wrench 10/ 13 mm
G. Suspension adjustment key
Socket 21 /26 mm
D. Socket wrench handle
25
Q: Why must my snowmobile be registered? After alii do have my original
invoice as proof of when I purchased my snowmobile.
A: The information provided by the Customer Warranty Registration card is
computerized, and all warranty claims thereafter, are processed by the computer.
Without this valuable information on the Warranty Registration Card, we cannot
acknowledge warranty or notify owners of a possible recall.
Q: How do I know my vehicle has been registered at the factory?
A. When you bought your snowmobile the dealer should have completed, signed
and forwarded us the manufacturer's copy of the Customer Warranty Registration. The hard copy of the card is your proof that the snowmobile is registered.
Recreational Products
CUSTOMER WARRANTY REGISTRATION
ENREGISTREMENT DE LA GARANTIE
Produits R6cn\atifs
Model No.INa du Modele
I
I
Serial No.lNo de serie
1
Dealer's Name
,
'
,,,.,,_,".ZO
~~
~ \@I
"I
Draurbutor Code
Dealer Code.
Code du concess.
"",10
Z~::'O:;::~,%:e ~;:'~mel
For"
Track Ser. No./No Ser. Chen.
1 *1",
coo»du distrihut.
Nom du Concessionnsire
I,"
Engine Ser. No.lNo Stir, du Moteur
NamelP,enom
I
"I ... ,. I
Date of Sale!
Date de la vente
1",Icr=r=J
M.
Family
Name/Nom de famille
D./J.
Y.lA.
I
;:!}/:. ::::::.::::::i ::::•
Manufacture,'s copy I Copie du manufeeturie,
Partno. r No de pier.e 484 025900
* If applicable / s'il y a lieu
Q: If I sell my snowmobile within the warranty period, will the new owner qualify
for the balance of the warranty?
A: Yes, provided the unit has already been registered with the manufacturer.
26
Q: I bought my snowmobile in O'King County but I snowmobile in Washington
County. Can the dealer in Washington County accept to perform warranty
work on my snowmobile?
A. Yes, any authorized dealer in North America can perform werrentv
providing the customer werrentv registration card is presented.
Q: Manufacturer does not accept warranty work on
pistons, why?
1 vf.-'UlI..:J,
scored or melted
A: From testing and experience, we know that such piston failures can only be
caused by detonation orpre-ignition which are directlv related to the fol/owing
factors and therefore, are beyond the manufacturer's control.
Lean carburetor settings.
Use of no-lead or low-lead gasoline or use of regular gasoline when premium
is recommended.
Incorrect oil/gas mixture (too little or too much
Poor ouelitv, outboard or straight mineral a/Is.
Removal of intake silencer.
Retarded or advanced ignition timing.
Hot spark pluqis) (improper heat range).
Q: Where can I find information on the lubrication and maintenance of my
snowmobile?
A: In the Operator Manual provided with the vehicle at the time of first sale.
Q: As I read through the warranty, I find that expendable items are not covered.
What are some examples of expendable items?
A: Expendable items are those subject to wear and tear through normal use. To
list a few, light bulbs, sparkplugs, brakelinings, belts, suspension andski runner
shoes, etc...
27
our product you will receive:
SERVICE - from the product itself
SERVICE - from the dealer who sells the product
If, however, the service or product is unsatisfactory,
Return to your dealer's service department and discuss the details
of the problem with the manager. He is in a position to helpyou with
all maintenance and service needs. If the matter cannot be resolved,
he may want to bring the sales manager or the general manager into
discussion.
If the dealer cannot solve the situation.
Write to your nearest area distributor.
TELL HIM THE FACTS
• Vehicle identification number.
• Date of purchase.
• Name and address ofyour selling dealer.
• Your name, address and phone number.
• The specific problem.
The matter will receive immediate attention from the distributor's service department.
If at this point your grievance still remains unresolved, contact
Bombardier Limited,
Valcourt, P.O. JOE 2LO
Att'n Customer relations
Provide all necessary details (including names of persons previously
contacted). Your problem will be reviewed and instructions will be
provided to the persons responsible for product service in your area
or we may contact you directly.
28
CRAIG TAYLOR EQUIPMENT CO.
733 Whitney Road
P.O. Box 3338
Anchorage, Alaska 99501
19071 272-3577
Alaska
ALPINE DISTRIBUTORS LTO
3206 - 28th Street
P.O. Box 159
Vernon, BritishColumbia
V1T6M2
16041545-1314
British Columbia
ELLIOTT & HUTCHINS INC.
East Main Street Road
Malone, Naw York
(518) 483-4411
Connecticut, Delaware: Maryland, Massachusetts,New Jersey,
New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, District of Columbia
BOMBARDIER LIMITED
EasternCanada DistributionDivision
Atlantic Branch
P.O. Box 670
~~1~j2-~ Brunswick, EOA3GO
New Brunswick. Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island,
Magdalen Island
TIMBERLAND MACHINES INC.
10 North Main Street
Lancaster, New Hampshire 03584
1603)788-4738
Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont
BOMBAfWIER LIMITED
EasternCanada DistributionDivision
Quebecand Ontario Branches
Valcourt, Quebec, JOE2LO
1514l532-2211
Ouebec and Ontario
BOM8ARDIER CORPORATION
4505 West Superior Street
P.O. Box 6106
DUluth, Minnesota 55806
1218628-2881
North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin Iowa
Illinois, Missouri, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio,Tennesse~,
I
Kentucky, West Virginia
BOMBARDIER WEST INC.
609 West Broadway
Idaho Falls, Idaho 83401
1208)523-6870
California, Nevada, Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Utah, Colorado,
New MexIco, Arizona, Kansas, Nebraska, Washington, Oregon
BOMBARDIER-ROTAX GmbH
Vienna Branch, P.O. Box 86
Donaufelderstrasse 73--79
1210Vienna
Austria
CDLBJORNSEN & CO. A; S
P.O. Box 80, 1341 Bekkestua
Norway
BROOKS EQUIPMENT
1616 King Edward Street
P.O. Box 985
Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3C 2V8
1204l633-7247
Manitoba, Saskatchewan
HUDSON'S BAY CO.
165 Hymus Boulevard
Pointe-Claire, Quebec, M4W lA8
1514)697-8500
North-West Territories,FranklinDistrict & Keewatin
J.W. RANDALL LTD
P.O. Box 757
West Street
Corner Brook, Newfoundland, A2H 6G7
{lOgl 634-3533
Newfoundland, Labrador
TRACT EQUIPMENT LIMITED
14325, 114th Avenue
Edmonton, /Ilberta, T5M 2Y8
14031452-9910
Alberta, Dist. McKenzie, Yukon, N.W.T.
KYLAATUVAUNU
Italahdenkatu 25
SF-0<J2lOHelsinki 21
Finland
MOVACAB
Ostra Radhusgatan 2
90246, Umea
Sweden
29
The main components of your snowmobile (engine, track and frame) are
identified by different serial numbers.
It may sometimes become necessary
to locate these numbers for warranty
purposes or to trace your snowmobile
in the event of theft.
TRACK
SERIAL
NUMBER
.....-__ VEHICLE SERIALNUMBER
O
30
NOTE: We strongly recommend that you take note of all the serial numbers
on your vehicle and supply them to your insurance company. It will surely help
in the event a snowmobile is stolen.
Any change in address or ownership should be brought to the attention of the
manufacturer by completing and sending out the card supplied below. This
will help us to maintain our files up-to-date.
-----------------------------------------------------~
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER
OLD ADDRESS:
NAME
NO
STREET
CITY
STATE
APT.
ZIP / POSTAL CODE
NEW ADDRESS:
NAME
NO
STREET
APT.
CITY
STA TE
ZIP! POSTAL CODE
--------------------------------------------------- - -~
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER
The ownership of this vehicle is transferred
NAME
NO
STREET
CITY
STATE
TO:
APT.
ZIP," POSTAL CODE
NAME
NO
STREET
CITY
STATE
APT.
ZIP I POSTAL CODE
31
BOMBARDIER LIMITED
ATT.: WARRANTY DEPARTMENT
VALCOURT, QUEBEC
CANADA, JOE 2LO
BOMBARDIER LIMITED
ATT.: WARRANTY DEPARTMENT
VALCOURT, QUEBEC
CANADA, JOE 2LO
32