Buick LESABRE 1995 Owner`s manual

LeSabre
The 1995 Buick LeSabre Owner’s Manual
Seats and Restraint Systems .............................................................
This section tells you how to use your seats and safety belts properly. It also explains “SRS” system.
FeaturesandControls ..................................................................
This section explains how to start and operate your Buick.
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems .....................................................
This section tells you how to adjust the ventilation and comfort controls and how to operate your
sound system.
YourDrivingandtheRoad ..............................................................
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips aboutthe road and how to drive under different conditions.
ProblemsontheRoad ..................................................................
This section tells you what to do if you have a problem while driving, such as a flat tire 0 1 - engine
overheating, etc.
Service and Appearance Care ............................................................
Here the manual tells you how to keep your Buick running properly and looking good.
Maintenanceschedule ..................................................................
This section tells you when to perform vehicle maintenance and what fluids and lubricants to use.
CustomerAssistanceInformation ........................................................
This section tells you how to contact Buick for assistance and how to get service publications. It also
gives you information on “Reporting Safety Defects” on page 8-4.
Index ................................................................................
Here’s an alphabetical listing of almost every subject in this manual. You can use it to quickly find
something you want to read.
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We support voluntary
technician certification.
I BUICK
GENERAL MOTORS, GM and the GM Emblem,
BUICK, and the BUICK Emblem are registered
trademarks of General Motors Corporation.
WE SUPPORT
VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN
CERTIFICATION THROUGH
Natlcnal In51 Iutelo~
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes in the
product after that time without further notice. For
vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute the name
“General Motors of Canada Limited” for Buick Motor
Division whenever it appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your Buick, so it will be there
if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you sell
the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so the new
owner can use it.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 25620606 B First Edition
ii
I
’
I
AUTOMOTIVE
SERVICE
EXCELLENCE
For Canadian OwnersWho Prefer a
French Language Manual:
Aux propriktaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vous procurer
un exemplaire de ce guide en franqais chez votre
concessionaire ou au DCN Marketing Services Ltd.,
1500 Bonhill Rd., Mississauga, Ontario L5T lC7.
0Copyright
General Motors Corporation 1994
All Rights Reserved
iii
"valve-in-head" engine, a light, powerful and reliable
engine which would eventually influence the entire
automotive industry.
William C. Durant was instrumental
in promoting
Buicks across the country using
his Durant-Dort
Carriage Co. outlets and salespeople as the nucleus
of a
giant distribution system.
He knew the Buick as a
"self-seller,'. If automobiles could be this good, he
thought, maybeit was time to switch from the horse and
buggy business to automobiles.
Walter Marrand Thomas Buick
Buick's chief engineer, WalterL. Marr (left), and
Thomas D. Buick, son of founder David Dunbar Buick,
drove thefist Flint Buick in a successful Flint-Detroit
round trip in July 1904.
David Buick was building gasoline engines by 1899,
and Man, his engineer, apparently built the first auto to
be called a Buick in 1900. However, Buick traditionally
dates its beginnings to 1903. That was the year the
William C. (Billy)Durant
company was reorganized, refinanced and moved from
Detroit to Flint. Buick has always been a product
innovator. Buick engineers developed the
iv
At the 1905,New York
Auto Show, Durant took
orders for1,000 Buicks
before the company had
built 40. On Buick's
success, Durant created a
holding company,
September 16, 1908. He
called it General Motors.
Durant also created a racingteam that won 500 racing
trophies in 1909 and 1910, including successes at
Indianapolis two years beforethe Indy 500 began.
The success of Buick engines was visible not only on
the race track,but in endurance tests across the country
and around the world. Buick was the only carto
complete a 1,000-mile Chicago-to-New York race in
1906. And a Buick was the first carto travel across
South America, driven from Buenos Aires, Argentina,
over the Andes to Santiago, Chilein 1914.
Buick drew plenty of attention because it could climb
hills and run through mud like no other car. Buick’s
endurance and reliability were world famous.
During World War I, Buick built Liberty aircraft engines
as well as Red Cross ambulances so successful that one
Buick ambulance was awarded the Croix de Guerre by
the French government.
As a builderof premier automobiles, Buick was hard hit
by the GreatDepression. However, new General
Manager, Harlow H. Curtice created popular new
models including the Special and the Roadmaster. Buick
sales soon flourished.
1911 Model 21 Touring Car on Buick’s Test Hill
First Buick Fuctory
V
In World War11, Buick built aircraft engines, tanks and
other military hardware. This post-war period brought
great styling and engineering changes which resulted in
increased sales. The torque converter automatic
transmission, Dynaflow, was introduced in the 1948
Roadmaster. Buick’s famous “portholes” came along in
1949.
A high-compression V-8 engine was introduced in 1953.
And Buick’s ftlmous vertical pillar “toothy” grille,
(introduced in 1942), became more massive in the
post-war era.
I953 Skylark
I949 Roadmaster
vi
Motor Trend magazine named the 1962 Buick Special,
“Car of the Year”. The first production V-6 engine was
used in the Special.
1962 Buick Special
Ed Mertz, Generul Manage6 Buick Motor Division
Built inside the walls of the old buildings in Buick’s
former Flint complex, which formed the cornerstone of
General Motors, Buick City, is a state-of-the-art
assembly facility with more than 200 robots and other
high-tech equipment. It was completed in the fall of
1985.
Our mission is simple:
Buicks are, and will continue to be, premium American
motorcars with smooth power, high performance, rich
detail and comfortable accommodation.
“Buick will provide Premium American Motorcars
backed with services that exceed our customers’
expectations, throughout the purchase, ownership,
service and repurchase experience.”
Buicks are SUBSTANTIAL.
Buicks are DISTINCTIVE.
Buicks are POWERFUL.
Buicks are MATURE.
vii
How to Use This Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. This
will help you learn about the featuresand controls for
your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find that pictures
and words work together to explain things quickly.
Index
A good place to lookfor what you need is the Index in
the back of the manual. It’s an alphabetical list of all
that’s in the manual, and the page number where you’ll
find it.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box with gray background and the word
CAUTION to tell you about things that could hurt you if
you were to ignorethe warning.
viii
In the gray caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions.If you don’t, you or
others couldbe hurt.
You will also find a circle with a slash through it in this
book.
k
This safetv svmbol means
4
d
“Don’t,’’ “Don’t do this,” or
“Don’t let this happen.”
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
NOTICE:
These mean there is something that
could damageyour vehicle.
In the notice area, we tell you about something thatcan
damage your vehicle. Many times, this damagewould
not be covered by your warranty, and it could be costly.
But the notice will tell you what todo to help avoid the
damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different colorsor
in different words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use
yellow for cautions,blue for noticesand the words
CAUTION or NOTICE.
ix
For example,
these symbols
are used on an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
A
FASTEN
CAUSTIC
BATTERY
ACID COULD
CAUSE
BURNS
X
ENGINE
COOLANT
TEMP
WINDSHIELD
WIPER
4
TURN
SIGNALS
e9
WINDSHIELD
WASHER
6$
I
BRAKE
WINDSHIELD
DEFROSTER
SEAT
BATTERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
RADIATOR
COOLANT
BELTS
HIGH
LAMPSoR
BEAM
,\I/,
FOG LAMPS
=o
=
$0
VENTILATING
FAN
FUSE
-F1-1
RADIO
VOLUME
(a)
4
3
a a
CONDITIONING
AIR
TRUNK
RELEASE
FUEL
WINDOW
DEFOGGER
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BAllERY
These symbols
are on some o f
your controls:
t* -e- -1
DOOR LOCK
UNLOCK
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
These symbols
have to do with
your lights:
These symbols
are important
for you and
your passengers
whenever your
vehicle is
driven:
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
Vehicle Symbols
These are someof the symbols you may find on your vehicle.
7
5Y
1
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE w
TEMP
OIL
ANTI-LOCK
BRAKE
4
&
(@)
LIGHTER
HORN
SPEAKER
b
Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Here you’ll find information about the seats
in your
Buick and how to use your safety beltsproperly. You
can also learn about some things you should not do with
air bags and safety belts.
Move the lever under the
Eront seat to unlockit. Slide
the seat to where
you want
it.
Seats and Seat Controls
This section tellyou about the seats-- how to adjust
them -- and also about reclining seatbacks
and head
restraints.
Manual Seat
Then release the lever
and try to move the seatwith your
body, to make sure the seat is locked into place.
Power Seat (Option)
Rear Control:Raise the rear of the seat by holding the
switch to the left. Holding the switch to the right lowers
the rear of the seat,
Reclining Front Seatbacks
To adjust the seatback, lift the lever on the outer sideof
the seat and move the seatback to where you want it.
Release the lever to lock the seatback. Pull up on the
lever and the seat will go to an upright position.
c
The power seat controls arelocated on the armrest.
Front Control:Raise the front of the seat by pushing
the left side of the switch. Push the right side of the
switch to lower the front of the seat.
Center Control:Move the seat forward or back by
holding the control to the front orback. Raise the seat
by holding the control to the left. Hold the control to the
right to lower the seat.
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1-3
Head Restraints
Slide thehead restraint up or down so that the top of the
restraint is closest to the top of your ears. Thisposition
reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This partof the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not do
with safety belts.
And it explains the Supplemental Restraint System, or
“air bag” system.
Your car has a light that comes on as a reminder to
buckle up. (See “Safety Belt Reminder Light” in the
Index.)
In many states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash.If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt or
killed.
After more than 25 years of safety belts in vehicles, the
facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does matter
... a lot!
1-4
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as it
goes.
Put someone on it.
Take the simplest vehicle. Supposeit's just a seat on
wheels.
1-5
'.
., ..>. /,
.
x
.,
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn't stop.
1-6
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
or the instrument panel ...
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow clown as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That's why
safety belts make such good sense.
1-7
Here Are Questions Many People Ask &:
About Safety Belts-- and the Answers
A:
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
A:
&:
A:
1-8
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance of
being conscious during and after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if
you are belted.
Why don’t theyjust put in air bagsso people
won’t have to wear safety belts?
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in
more of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts -- not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for salehas required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why shouldI wear safety belts?
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault -- you and
your passengers can be hurt. Being a good driver
doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)of
home. And the greatest number of serious injuries
and deaths occur at speeds of less than 40 mph
(65 k m h ) .
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This partis only forpeople of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to
know about
safety belts and children. And there are differentrules
for smaller childrenand babies. If a child will be riding
in your Buick, see the partof this manual called
“Children.” Follow those rules foreveryone’s
protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systemsyour
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describesthe driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear it
properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats” in the Index)
so you can sit up straight.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate t o make sure it is secure. If
the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-9
The lappart of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less
likely to slide under the lapbelt. If you slid under it, the
belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could
cause serious oreven fatal injuries.The shoulder belt
should go overthe shoulder and across the chest. These
parts of the body are best able to takebelt restraining
forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop orcrash.
1-10
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt
adjuster tothe height that is right for YOU.
To move it down, squeeze the release handle and move
the height adjuster tothe desired position. You can move
the adjuster up just by pushing up on the bottom of the
release handle. After you move the adjuster towhere
you want it, try to move it down without squeezing the
release handleto make sure it has locked into position.
Adjust the height so that the shoulderportion of the belt
is centered on your shoulder. The belt should be away
from your face and neck, but not falling off your
shoulder.
1-11
Q:
What's wrong with this?
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won't give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-12
Q: What’s wrong with this?
I
A:
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The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-13
@
What’s wrong with this?
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
1-14
&:
What's wrong with this?
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
1-15
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Supplemental Restraint System(SRS)
This part explains the Supplemental Restraint System
(SRS), or air bag system.
Your Buick has two air bags -- one air bag for the driver
and another air bag for the right front passenger.
Here are the most important things to know about the air
bag system:
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage both the
belt and your vehicle.
3.-16
AIR BAG
AIR
BAG
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows the words AIR BAG. The system
checks the air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions.
The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. See
“Air Bag Readiness Light” in the Index for more
information.
1-17
How the Air Bag System Works
1
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A
Where is the air bag?
The driver's airbag is in the middle of the steering
wheel. The right front passenger's air bag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger's side.
1-18
vehicle strikes something that will move or deform, such
as a parked car, the threshold level will be higher. Thc
air bag is not designed to inflate in rollovers, side
impacts, or rear impacts,because inflation would not
help the occupant.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicleor because of what the repair costswere.
Inflation is determined by the angle of the impact and
the vehicle’s deceleration. Vehicle damage is only one
indication of this.
What makes an airbag inflate?
When shouldan air bag inflate?
The air bag is designed to inflatein moderate to severe
frontal or near-frontal crashes. The airbag will inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s designed
“threshold level.” If your vehicle goes straight into a
wall that doesn’t move or deform, the threshold level is
about 9 to 15 mph (14 to 24 kmh). The threshold level
can vary, however, with specific vehicle design, so that
it can be somewhat above or below this range. If your
In a frontal ornear-frontal impact of sufficient severity,
the air bag sensing system detects that the vehicle is
suddenly stopping as aresult of a crash. The sensing
system triggers a chemical reaction of the sodium azide
sealed in the inflator. The reaction produces nitrogen
gas, which inflates the air bag. The inflator, air bag, and
related hardware are all part of the air bag modules
packed inside the steering wheel and in the instrument
panel in front of the right front passenger.
1-19
How does an air bag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal ornear-frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact thesteering wheel or
the instrument panel. The air bag supplements the
protection provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute
the forceof the impactmore evenly over the occupant’s
upper body, stopping the occupant more gradually. But
air bags would not help you in many types of collisions,
including rollovers and rear and side impacts,primarily
because an occupant’s motion is not toward the air bag.
Air bags should never be regarded as anything more
than a supplement to safety belts, and then onlyin
moderate to severe frontal ornear-frontal collisions.
What will you see afteran air bag inflates?
After the air bag inflates, itquickly deflates. This occurs
so quickly that some people may not even realize theair
bag inflated. Somecomponents of the air bag module in
the steering wheel hub forthe driver’s air bag,or the
instrument panel for the right front
passenger’s bag, will
be hot for a short
time, but the partof the bag that comes
into contact with you will not be hot to the
touch. There
will be some smoke and dust coming fromvents in the
deflated air bags. Air bag inflation will not prevent the
driver fromseeing or from being able to steer the
vehicle, norwill it stop people from leaving the vehicle.
1-20
0
The air bags are designed to inflate only once. After
they inflate, you’ll need some new parts for your air
bag system. If you don’t get them, theair bag system
won’t be there tohelp protect you in another crash.
A new system will include air bag modules and
possibly other parts. The service manual for your
vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
a Your vehicle is equippedwith a diagnostic module,
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick
which records information aboutthe air bag system.
The module records information about the readiness Air bags affecthow your Buick should be serviced.
There are partsof the airbag system in several places
of the system,when the sensorsare activated and
around your vehicle. You don’t want the system to
driver’s safety belt usage at deployment.
inflate whilesomeone is working on your vehicle. Your
a Let only qualified technicians
work on your air bag
Buick dealerand the 1995 LeSabre Service Manual have
system. Improper service can mean that
your air bag
information about servicingyour vehicle and the air bag
system won’t work properly. See your dealer for
system. To purchase a servicemanual, see “Service
service.
Publications” in the Index.
The air bag system does notneed regular maintenance.
NOTICE:
If you damage thecover for the driver’sor the
right frontpassenger’s air bag, they may not
’ work properly. You may have to replace theair
bag module in the steeringwheel or both theair
bag module and the instrument panel for the
1 right frontpassenger’s air bag. Do not open or
1 break the air bag covers.
~
1-21
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone,including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible
throughout the pregnancy.
The best way to protect the fetus isto protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt. See “Driver Position,”
earlier in this section.
When the lap portion of the belt is pulled out all the way,
it will lock. If it does, let it go all the way and start again.
If your vehicle has a center passengerposition, be sure
to use the correct buckle when buckling your
lap-shoulder belt. If you find that the latch plate will not
go fully into the buckle, see if you are using the buckle
for the center passenger position.
Lenter Passenger Position
n
U
1-22
Lap Belt
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown until
the belt is snug.
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When y o sit
~ in
~ a center seatingposition, you have a lap
safety belt, which has no retractor. To make the belt
longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it along the belt.
--
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. Tf the belt isn’t long enough,
see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
1-23
Rear Seat Passengers
Lap-Shoulder Belt
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up!
Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear
seat arehurt more often in crashes than those who are
wearing safety belts.
The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to wear one properly.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others
in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
n
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1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
1-24
I
When the lap belt is pulled out all the way, it will
lock. If it does, let it go back all the way and start
again. If the belt is not long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section. Make surethe
release button on the buckle is positioned so you
would be able tounbuckle the safety belt quickly if
you ever had to.
~~
~~~~
~~~~
~
~~~~~
~~~~~~
~~
~~
likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the
belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could
cause serious oreven fatal injuries. The shoulder belt
should go over the shoulder and across the chest. These
parts of the body are best able to take belt restraining
forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop ora crash.
~~
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs.In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less
1-25
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides
for
Children and Small Adults
Kear shoulder belt comfort guides will provide added
comfort for children who have outgrown child restraints
and for small adults. The comfort guides pull the
shoulder belts away from the neck and head.
To unlatch the belt, justpush the button on the buckle.
There is one guide foreach outside passenger position in
the rear seat. You will find them tucked in between the
seatback and the interior body, about half-way down the
1-26
edge of the seatback. Here is how you should install the
comfort guides on the shoulder belts:
-
1. Pull the elastic cord out from between the edge of
the seatback and the interiorbody to remove the
guide from its storage clip.
3. There is a “button stop” on the shoulder belt that
keeps the belt from going too far intothe retractor at
the top of the seatback.Pull the shoulder belt out of
the retractor, and place the guide overthe belt. Make
sure that the guide isbetween the button stop on the
belt and the retractor. Insert the two edges of the belt
into the slots of the guide.
1-27
To remove and store the comfort guides, justperform
these steps in reverse order. Squeeze the belt edges
together so that you can take them out from the guides.
Pull the guide upward to expose its storage clip, and
then slide the guide onto the clip. Rotate the guide and
clip inward and in between the seatback and the interior
body, leaving only the loop of elastic cord exposed.
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That includes
infants and all children smaller than adult size. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in every
Canadian province says children up to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
5. Buckle the belt around the child, and make sure that
both the lap belt and the shoulder belt are secured
properly. Make sure that the shoulder belt crosses
the
shoulder, See “Safety Belts, Rear Seat Passengers” in
the Index.
1-28
Smaller Children and Babies
.-
I
1-29
..
1-30
Child Restraints
Be sure to follow the instructions for the restraint.You
may find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraintsuse the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within
the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury.
The instructionsthat come with the infmt or child
restraint will show you how to do that.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather thanthe front seat.We at
General Motors therefore recommend that you put your
child restraint in the rear seat.Never put a rear-facing
child restraint in the front passenger seat.Here’s why:
1.-31
Top Strap
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure thechild
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in
the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child is in it.
1-32
If your child restraint has a top strap, it should be
anchored.
If you need to have an anchor installed, you can ask
your Buick dealer to put it in for you. If you want to
install an anchor yourself, your dealer can tell you how
to do it.
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position
For cars first sold in Canada, child restraints with a top
strap must be anchored according to Canadian Law.
Your dealer can obtain the hardware kit and install it for
you, or you may install it yourself using the instructions
provided in the kit.
U
Use the tether hardware kit available from the dealer.
The hardware and installation instructions were
specifically designed for thisvehicle.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
1. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
2. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions 0.fthe vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
1-33
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the releasebutton is
positioned so you would be able tounbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-34
5. Pull the rest of the lap belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock.
I
6. To tighten the belt, feed the lap belt intothe retractor
while you push down on the child restraint.
Securing a Child Restraintin the Center
Rear Seat Position
U
You’ll be using the lap belt.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint,just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
1-35
See the earlier part about the top strapif the child
restraint has one.
1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch
plate and pulling it along the belt.
4. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the
restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
2. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for thechild restraint.
5. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
3. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
6. To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you push
down on the child restraint.
7. Pushandpullthechildrestraintindifferent
SecuringaChildRestraintintheRight
directions to be sure it is secure. If the child restraint
Front Seat Position
isn’t secure, turn the latch plate over and buckle it
again. Then see ifit is secure. If it isn’t, secure the
restraint in a different place in the vehicle and
contact the child restraint maker for their advice
about how to attach the child restraint properly.
To remove the child restraint,
just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt.It will be readyto work foran adult or larger
child passenger.
Your vehicle hasa right front passenger air bag.
Never
put a rear-facing child restraint
in this seat. Here’s why:
1-37
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlierpart
about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
1. Because your vehicle has aright front passenger air
bag, always move the seat as farback as it will go
before securing a forward-facing child restraint. (See
“Seats” in the Index.)
2. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
3. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
4. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
5. Buckle the belt.
Make sure the release button is positioned so you
would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if
you ever had to.
1-38
6. Pull the rest of the lap belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock.
7. To tighten the belt, feed the lap belt back into the
retractor while you push down on the child restraint.
8. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle's
safety belt and let it go back all the way.
The safety belt will move freely again and be ready to
work for an adult or larger child passenger.
-
1-39
Larger Children
Children who have outgrown child restraints should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
If you have the choice, achild should sit next to a
window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and
get the additional restraint a shoulderbelt can provide.
Accident statistics show that children aresafer if they
are restrained in the rear seat. But they need to use the
safety belts properly.
Children who aren’t buckled up can be thrown out in
a crash.
Children who aren’t buckled up can strike other
people who are.
1-40
What if a child
is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
is
but the child isso small that the shoulder belt
very close to the child’s face or neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center
of the vehicle,but
be sure that the shoulder
belt still ison the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash thechild’s upper body
would have the restraint that belts provide.
If the
child is sittingin a rear seat outside position, see
“Rear Safety BeltComfort Guides” in the Index. If
the child isso small that theshoulder belt is still
very close to thechild’s face or neck,you might
want to place the child
in the center seat position,
the one thathas only a lapbelt.
1-41
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
1-42
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
But if a safetybelt isn’t long enough to fasten,your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it,take the heaviest coatyou will wear, so the
extender will be long enough for you. The extender will
be just for you,
and just for the seatin your vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use it
only for the seatit is made to fit. To wear it, justattach it
to the regularsafety belt.
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure all your belts, buckles, latch
plates, retractors, anchorages and reminder systems are
working properly. Look for any other loose or damaged
restraint system parts. If you see anythingthat might
keep a restraintsystem from doing its job, have it
repaired.
Replacing Seat and Restraint System
Parts After a Crash
If you‘ve had a crash, doyou need new belts‘?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, asthey would be if worn
during a more severe crash,then you need new belts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them.Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have safety belt
or seat partsrepaired or replaced. New parts and repairs
may be necessary even if the belt wasn’t being used at
the timeof the collision.
If your seat adjuster won’t work after a crash,the special
part of the safety belt that goes through the seat to the
adjuster may need to be replaced.
Torn or frayed beltsmay not protect you in a crash.
They can rip apartunder impact forces. If a belt is torn
or frayed, get anew one right away.
1-43
NOTES
Section 2 Featuresand Controls
)
I
Here you can learn about the many standard and
optional features on your Buick, and information on
starting, shifting and braking. Also explained are the
instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if
everything is working properly -- and what to do if you
have a problem.
I
Keys
2-1
The ignition keys are for
the ignition only.
When a new LeSabre is delivered, the dealerremoved
the plugs from the keys, and gives them to the first
owner. However, ifthe ignitionkey does not have a
plug, there will be abar-coded key tag instead.
Each plug has a codeon it that tells your dealer or a
qualified locksmith how to make extrakeys. Keep the
plugs in a safeplace. If you lose your keys, you’ll be
able to have new ones made easily using these plugs. If
your ignition keysdon’t have plugs, go toyour Buick
dealer for the correct
key code if you need a new
ignition key.
Key Reminder Warning
I
The door keys are for the
doors and all other locks.
If you leave your keys in the ignitionwith the ignition
off, you will hear awarning chime when you open the
driver’s door, reminding you to take your keys.
Door Locks
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle:
From the outside: Use your
door key.
From the inside: To lock the
door, slide the lock control
on the door down.
To unlock the door, slide the
lock control up.
2-3
Power Door Locks(Option)
Push the power door lock
switch to lock or unlock all
the doors at once.
Rear Door Security Lock
Your Buick is equipped with rear door security locks
that help prevent passengers from opening the rear doors
of your car from the inside. To use one of these locks:
1. Move the lever all the
way up to the
ENGAGED position.
1 2. Close the door.
~
I
3. Do the same thing to the
otherrear door lock.
The rear doors of your vehicle cannot be opened from
inside when this feature is in use. If you want to open a
rear door when the security lock is on:
1. Unlock the door from the inside,
2. Then open the door fiom the outside.
2-4
If you don’t cancel the security lock feature, adults or
older children who ride in the rear won’t be able to open
the rear door from the inside. You should let adults and
older children know how these security locks work, and
how to cancel the locks.
Remote Keyless Entry System
(Option)
To cancel the rear door lock:
I . Unlock the door from the inside and open the door
from the outside.
2. Move the lever all the way down
3. Do the same for the other rear door
The rear door locks will now work normally.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, take your keys, open your
door and set the locks from inside. Then get out and
close the door.
If your Buick has this option, you can lock and unlock
your doors or unlock your trunk from up to 30 feet
(9 rn) away using the key chain transmitter supplied
with your vehicle.
Your Remote Keyless Entry System operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules.
2-5
This devicecomplies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
( I ) This devicemay not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This devicemust accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Should interference to this system occur, try this:
0
Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See the instructions on battery
replacement.
0
Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. This product has a maximum range.
0
Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be
blocking the signal.
See your Buick dealer or a qualified technician for
service.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
2-6
Operation
The driver’s doorwill unlock when UNLOCK is
pressed. If pressed again quickly, all doorswill unlock.
All doors will lock when LOCK is pressed. The trunk
will unlock when the opened trunk symbol is pressed,
but only when the ignition is OFF. The interior lamps
will also come on when any button is pressed if the
ignition is off.
Matching Transmitter(s)To Your Vehicle
Each key chain transmitter is coded to prevent another
transmitter from unlocking your vehicle. If a transmitter
is lost or stolen, areplacement can be purchased through
your dealer. Remember to bring any remaining
transmitters with you when you go to your dealer. When
the dealer matches the replacement transmitter to your
vehicle, the remaining transmitters must also be
matched. Once the new transmitter is coded,the lost
transmitter will not unlock your vehicle.
You can match a transmitter to as many different
vehicles as you own, provided they are equipped with
exactly the same modelsystem. (General Motors offers
several differentmodels of these systems on their
vehicles.) Each vehicle canhave only two transmitters
matched to it.
3. Use a jumper wire with alligator clipsat both ends to
ground (Terminal 4) to program (Terminal 8).
Grounding the program terminal erasesthe system
memory and causes the doorsto lock and unlock
once. Thismeans the system is ready to be matched
to thetransmitter.
To match a transmitter, use the following instructions.
4. Keeping the program terminal grounded, press the
UNLOCK button on the first transmitter. The door
locks will lock and unlock again to indicate the
transmitter is now matched. If there isno response,
check the transmitter batteries. If you do not want to
match a second transmitter, proceed to Step 6.
1. Have both transmitters that will be matched to the
car present,even if only one is new. Remove the car
keys from the ignitionand have them with you.
2. Find the 16 pin diagnostic connector above the
accelerator pedal.
5. Still keeping the program terminal grounded, repeat
Step 4 with the second transmitter. If you disconnect
the ground wire before completing this step, only the
first transmitteris matched. If you make a mistake,
disconnect the jumper wireand start overat Step 3.
6. Remove the jumper wire. (Note: The system will not
operate if the jumper wire is still connected.)
BLK
ASSEMBLY LINE DIAGNOSTIC
LINK (ALDL) CONNECTOR
7. Test the operation of both transmitters with the
vehicle.
If the lock control does not work as it should, see your
Buick dealer.
2-7
Battery Replacement
To replace the batteries:
Under normal use, the batteries in your key chain
transmitter should last about twoyears.
I . Remove the screw from
the back cover.
You can tell the batteries aye weak if the transmitter
won’t work at the normal range in any location. If you
have to get closeto your vehicle before the transmitter
works, it’s probably time tochange the batteries.
2. Lift off the front cover,
bottom half first.
For battery replacement, use two Duracell
type DL-20 16, or a similar type.
@
batteries,
3. Remove and replace the batteries. Put them in as the
direction under the batteries indicate.
4. Replace the front cover. Make sure the cover is on
tightly, so water won’t get in. Replace the screw in
the back cover.
2-8
Remote Trunk Release
.
.
If you have the Remote Keyless Entry System, it will
also unlock the trunk.
The trunk release switch in
the glove box must be ON
for the TRUNK button to
work. This feature allows
you to secure itemsin the
trunk when you must leave
the ignition key with an
attendant. To secure the
trunk, turn OFF the
TRUNK RELEASE, lock
the glove box,then take the
door key with you.
The TRUNK button is on the
instrument panelto the left of
the steering column.The
transaxle must bein PARK
(P) or NEUTRAL (N) for it
to work.
2-9
Theft
Parking at Night
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your Buick has a number of theft deterrent
features, weknow that nothing we put on it can make it
impossible to steal. However, there areways you can
help.
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight.
Put them in a storage area, or take them with you.
Key in the Ignition
If you walk away from your vehicle with the keys
inside, it’s an easy target for joy riders orprofessional
thieves -- so don’t do it.
When you park your Buick and open the driver’s door,
you’ll hear a chime reminding you to remove your key
from the ignition and take it with you. Always do this.
Your steering wheel will be locked, and so will your
ignition and transaxle. And remember to lock the doors.
2-10
Parking Lots
If you park in a lot where someone will be watching
your vehicle, it’s best to lock it up and take your keys.
But what if you have to leave your ignition key? What if
you have to leave something valuable in your vehicle?
0
Put your valuables in a storage area, like your trunk
or glovebox.
Lock the glove box.
0
Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
0
Then take the door key with you.
Your vehicle is equi ped
with the PASS-Key I1
(Personalized Automotive
Security System) theft
deterrent system.
PASS-Key% is a passive theft deterrent system. This
means you don’t have to do anything differentto arm or
disarm the system. It works when you insert or remove
the key from the ignition. PASS-Key@ITuses a resistor
pellet in the ignition key that matches a decoder in your
vehicle.
When the PASS-Key@II system senses that someone is
using the wrong key, it shuts down the vehicle’s starter
and fuel systems. Forabout three minutes, the starter
won’t work and fuel won’t go to the engine. If someone
tries to start your vehicle again or uses another key
during this time, the vehicle will not start. This
discourages someone from randomly trying different
keys with different resistor pelletsin an attempt tomake
a match.
The ignition key must be clean and dry before it’s
inserted in the ignition or the engine may not start. If the
engine does not start and the SECURITY light comes
on, the key may be dirty or wet. Turn the ignition off.
Clean and dry the key. Wait about threeminutes and try
again. The SECURITYlight may remain on during this
time. If the starter still won’t work, and the key appears
to be clean and dry, wait about three minutes and try
another ignition key. At this time, you may also want to
check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers’’ in the
Index). If the starter won’t work with the other key, your
vehicle needs service. If your vehicle does start,the first
ignition key may be faulty. See your Buick dealer or a
locksmith who can service the PASS-Key%.
If you accidentally use a key that has a damaged or
missing resistor pellet, the starter
won’t work and the
SECURITY lightwill flash. But you don’t have to wait
three minutes before trying another ignition key.
See your Buick dealer ora locksmith who can service
the PASS-Key@IIto have anew key made.
If you’re ever driving and and the SECURITYlight
comes on and stays on,you will be able to restart your
engine if you turn it off. Your PASS-Key@IIsystem,
however, is not working properly and must be serviced
by your Buick dealer. Your vehicle is not protected by
the PASS-K@II system.
If you lose ordamage a PASS-Key% ignition key, see
your Buick dealer ora locksmith who can service
PASS-Key@IIto have a new key made.
2-12
Yew Vehicle “Break-In”
NOTICE:
Your modern Buick doesn-r. need an elaborate
“break-in.” But itwill perform better in the long
run if you followthese guidelines:
Don’t drive at any one speed fast or
slow for thefirst 500 miles (804 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
0 Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings aren’tyet broken
in. Hard stops withnew linings can mean
premature wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this “breaking-in” guideline every
time you get newbrake linings.
--
--
Ignition Key Positions
Your square- headed key
operates your ignition lock.
I
E
With the ignition key in the ignition switch, you can turn
the switch to five different
positions.
ACC (A): The accessory position lets you use things
like the radio and the windshield wipers when the
engine is off. To use, push in the key and turn it toward
you. Your steering wheel will remain locked, just as it
was before you inserted the key.
2-13
LOCK (B): Before you put thekey in, your ignition
will be in the LOCK position. This position locks your
ignition, steeringwheel and transaxle. It’s a theft
deterrent feature.
OFF (C): This position lets you turn off the engine but
still turn the steering wheel. It doesn’t lock the steering
wheel like lock.Use OFF if you must have your car in
motion while the engine isoff.
RUN (D): This is the position for driving.
START (E): This position startsyour engine.
NOTICE:
If your key seemsstuck in LOCK and you can’t
turn it, be sure it is all the way in. If it is, then
turn thesteering wheel leftand rightwhile you
turn the key hard. But turnthe key only with
your hand. Using a tool to force it could break
the key or the ignition switch. If none of this
works, then yourvehicle needs service.
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever toPARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position -- that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift to
PARK (P)if your Buick is
moving. If you do, you coulddamage the
transaxle. Shift toPARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the enginestarts, let
go of the key. The idlespeed will go down as your
engine getswarm.
NOTICE:
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery tobe
drained muchsooner. Andthe excessive heat can
damage yourstarter motor.
2-14
2. If it doesn’t start right away, hold your key
in
START for about threeto five seconds at a time until
15 seconds between
your engine starts. Wait about
each try to help avoid draining your battery.
3. If your enginestill won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded withtoo much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal
all the way tothe
floor and holdingit there as you holdthe key in
START for about three seconds.If the carstarts
briefly but then stops again,
do the same thing, but
this timekeep the pedal down for five or six seconds.
This clears theextra gasoline from the engine. After
waiting about 15 seconds, repeatthe normal starting
procedure.
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the
If you add electrical
electronics in your vehicle.
parts oraccessories, you could changethe way
the ,fuel injection system operates. Before adding
If
electrical equipment, check with your dealer.
you don’t, your engine might not perform
properly.
If you ever haveto have your vehicle towed, see
the part of this manual that tells how to doit
without damaging your vehicle. See “Towing
Your Vehicle” in the Index.
2-15
Driving Through Deep Standing
Water
Engine Coolant Heater (CanadaOnly)
In very cold weather,0°F (-18 C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help.
You’ll get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually,
minimum of
the coolant heater should be pluggedain
four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
O
NOTICE:
If you drive too quicklythrough deep puddlesor
standing water, water can come in through your
engine’s air intake and badly damageyour
engine. Neverdrive through water that is slightly
lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If you
can’t avoid deeppuddles or standing water, drive
through them very slowly.
To use the coolant heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt outlet.
I
NOTICE:
Automatic Transaxle
After you’veused the coolant heater, be sure
to
store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts.If you don’t,it could
be damaged.
How long should you keep
the coolant heaterplugged
in? The answer dependson the weather, the kind of oil
you have, and some other things. Instead of trying to list
everything here,we ask thatyou contact yourBuick
dealer in the area whereyou’ll be parking your vehicle.
The dealer can give
you the best advicefor that
particular area.
There are several different positions for your shift
lever.
PARK (P): This locks your frontwheels. It’s the best
position to use when you start your engine because your
vehicle can’t move easily.
2-17
REVERSE (R):Use this gear to back up.
NOTICE:
Shifting toREVERSE (R) while your vehicleis
moving forward could damage your transaxle.
Shift toREVERSE (R) only after your vehicle
is
stopped.
Ensure the shift leveris fully in PARK (P) range before
starting the engine.Your Buick hasa brake-transaxle
shift interlock.You have to fullyapply your regular
brakes before you can shiftfrom PARK (P) when the
ignition key isin the RUN position.If you cannot shift
out of PARK (P), ease pressure onthe shift lever and
push the shiftlever all the way into PARK (P)as you
move the shift lever
maintain brake application. Then
PARK (P)”
into the gear you wish. See “Shifting of
Out
in this part.
2-18
To rock your vehicle back andforth to get outof snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transaxle, see
“If
You’re Stuck in Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow” in the Index.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine doesn’t
connect with the wheels.To restart when you’re
already moving, useNEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (@):This position isfor
normal driving.If you need more powerfor passing, and
you’re:
Going less than about 35 mph (56 km/h), push your
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
Going about 35 mph (56 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
You’ll shift down to the next gear and have more power.
NOTICE:
Damage to your transaxle caused by shifting out
of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the engine
racing isn’t covered by your warranty.
THIRD GEAR (3): This is like 0,
but you never go
into OVERDRIVE.
Here are some times you might choose
THEW (3)
instead of 0:
When driving on hilly, winding roads
0 When towing a trailer, so there is less shifting
between gears
0 When going down a steep hill
2-19
SECOND GEAR(2): This position gives you
more power but lower fuel economy. You can use
SECOND (2) on hills. It canhelp control your speed
as you go down steepmountain roads, but then you
would also want to use your brakesoff and on.
NOTICE:
Don’t drive in SECOND(2) for more than
5 miles (8 km), or at speeds over55 mph
(88 km/h), or you can damage your transaxle.
Use @ or THIRD (3) as much as possible.
Don’t shift into SECOND (2) unless you are going
slower than 65 mph (105 km/h), or you can
damage your engine.
2-20
FIRST GEAR (1): This position gives you even more
power (but lowerfuel economy) than SECOND(2). You
can use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If
the selector leveris put in FIRST (I), the transaxle
won’t shift into firstgear until the vehicle is going
slowly enough.
NOTICE:
If your front wheels can’trotate, don’t try to
drive. This might happen if you were stuck in
very deep sand or mud or were up against a solid
object. You could damage your transaxle.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold your
vehicle there with only the accelerator pedal. This could
overheat and damage the transaxle. Use yourbrakes or
shift into PARK (P) to hold your vehicle in position on a
hill.
Parking Brake
This vehicle has aPUSH
TO RELEASE parking
brake pedal.To set the
parking brake, holdthe
regular brake pedal down
with your right foot. Push
down the parking brake
pedal withyow left foot.
If the ignition is on, the brake system warninglight will
come on. The parking brake uses the brakes
on the rear
wheels.
on, the
If you try to drive away with the parking brake
brake light stays on and a chime sounds until you release
the parking brakeor recycle the ignition.
~
NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake
on can cause
You may have to
your rear brakes to overheat.
replace them, andyou could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking
on any hill,
see “Towing a Trailer”in the Index. That section shows
what to do first to keep the trailerfrom moving.
To release the parking brake, holdthe regular brake
pedal down and push
the parking brake pedal with your
left foot. This will unlock the pedal. Whenyou lift your
it to the
left foot, the park brake pedal will follow
released position.
2-21
i
Shifting IntoPARK (P)
I'
1. Hold the brake pedaldown with your right foot and
set the parking brake.
2-22
Pull the lever toward
you.
Move the lever up as
far as it will go.
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running
3. Move the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and takeit with you. If you can
walk away from your vehicle with the ignition key in
your hand,yourvehicle is in PARK (P):
Ifyouhaveto
leave yourvehiclewiththeengine
running, be sure your vehicleis in PARK (P) and your
parking brakeis firmly set before you leave
it. After
you’ve movedthe shift lever into the PARK (P)
position, holdthe regular brake pedal down. Then,
see if
you can move the shift lever away
from PARK (P)
without first pulling it toward you. If you can,it means
that the shift lever wasn’t fully locked into PARK
(P).
Torque Lock
Shifting Out ofPARK (P)
If you are parkingon a hill and you don’t shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in
the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever outof PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.” To
prevent torquelock, set the parking brake and then shift
into PARK (P) properly before you leave the driver’s
seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in
the Index.
Your Buick has a brake-transaxle shift interlock. You
have to fully apply your regular brake before you can
shift from PARK when the ignition is in the RUN
position. See “Automatic Transaxle” in the Tndex.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) before you release theparking brake.
If “torque lock” does occur, you may need to have
another vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of
the pressure from the transaxle, so you can pull the shift
lever outof PARK (P).
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever -- push the shift lever all the way into
PAKK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear you want. If you ever
hold the brake pedal down but still can’t shift out of
PARK (P), try this:
1. Turn the key to OFF.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the vehicle and then shift to the a w e gear you
want .
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
2-25
Running Your Engine While You’re
Parked
It’s better notto park with the engine running. Butyou
if
ever haveto, here are some things toknow.
Follow the proper steps tobe sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting IntoPARK (P)” in the Index.
If you are parking ona hill and if you’re pullinga
trailer, also see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
2-26
I
I
Power Windows
Horn
To sound the horn, press the pad with the horn symbol
on the steering wheel.
Tilt Wheel
A tilt steering wheel allows
you to adjust the steering
wheel before you drive.
Your power window controls are on the armrest. The
switch for the driver's window has an express-down
feature. Hold the switch down all the way, release it and
the window will lower automatically. To stop the window
from lowering push the switch again. To partially open
the window, push the switch and quickly release it.
You have a lock out button. Push LOCK to disable the
power window switches. Thiswill prevent passengers
from opening and closing the windows. Push UNLOCK
to allow your passengers to be able to use their window
switches again.
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull the
lever. Move the steering wheel to a comfortable level,
then release the lever to lock the wheel in place.
You can also raise it to the highest level to give your
legs more room when you exit and enter the vehicle.
2-27
'Ihrn SignaYMultifunctionLever
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
The tum signal has two
upward (for right)and two
downward (forleft)
positions. These positions
allow you to signal a turn or
The lever on the left side of
the steering column
includes your:
0
0
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
Headlamp High-Low Beam and Passing Signal
WindshieldWipers
To signal a turn, move
the lever dl the way up or aown.
When the turn is finished, the
lever will return
automatically.
WindshieldWasher
0
Cruise Control (Option)
2-28
6
A green arrow on the
instrument panel willflash
in the direction of the turn
or lane change.
I
To signal a lane change,
just raise or lower the lever
until the green arrow starts to flash. Hold
it there until
you complete your lane change.The lever will return by
itself when you releaseit.
As you signal a turnor a lane change, if the arrows don’t
flash butjust stay on, a signal bulb may be burned out
and other drivers won’t
see your turn signal.
If a bulbis burned out, replaceit to help avoid an
accident. If the greenarrows don’t go on at all when you
signal aturn, check the fuse (see “Fuses” in the Index)
and for burned-out bulbs.
If you have a trailer towing option with added wiring
for
the trailer lamps, a differentturn signal flasher is used.
With this flasher installed, the signal indicator will flash
even if a turnsignal bulb is burned out. Check the front
and rear turn signal lamps regularly to make sure they
are working.
,
’hrn Signal ON Chime
A chime will soundif your turn signal isleft on after
having gone3/4 mile, to remind you to turn off your
signal.
Headlamp High-Low Beam
To change the headlamps
from low beam to high or
high to low, pull the turn
signal lever all the way
toward you. Then releaseit.
When the high beams are
on, this blue light on the
instrument panel also will
be on.
Windshield Wipers
You control the windshield
wipers by turning the band
marked WIPER.
For a singlewiping cycle, turn the band to MIST. Hold
it there until the wipers start, then let go. The wipers will
stop after one cycle.If you want more cycles, hold the
band on MIST longer.
You can set the wiper speed for a long or short delay
between wipes. This can be very useful in light rain or
snow. Turn the band to choose the delay time. The
closer to LO, the shorter thedelay.
For steady wiping at low speed, turn the band away
from you to the LO position. For high speed wiping,
turn the band further, to HI. To stop the wipers, move
the band to OFF.
Remember that damaged wiperblades may prevent you
from seeing well enough to drive safely. To avoid
damage, be sure to clear iceand snow from the wiper
blades before using them. If they’re frozen to the
windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them. If your
blades do become damaged, get new blades or blade
inserts.
Heavy snow or ice can overload your wipers. A circuit
breaker will stop them until the motor cools. Clear away
snow or ice to prevent an overload.
2-30
Windshield Washer
At the top of the multifunction lever there’s a paddle
with the word PUSH on it. To spray washer fluid on the
windshield, push the paddle for less than a second. The
washer will spray several times, then stop. Unless they
are already turned on, the wipers will operate at low
speed for several sweeps, then turn off.
To get more fluid on the windshield, push and hold the
paddle. Spraying will continue as long as the paddle is
held.
Driving without washer fluid can be dangerous. A bad
mud splash can block your vision. You could hit another
vehicle or go off the road. Check your washer fluid level
often.
NOTICE:
When using concentrated washer fluid,
follow the manufacturer instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready to use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze
and damage yourwasher fluid tank and
other partsof the washer system. Also,
water doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only 3/4 full
when it’s very cold.This allows for
expansion, which could damage the tankif
it is completely full.
Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your
windshield washer. It can damage your
paint.
Cruise Control (Option)
With cruise control, you can
maintain a speedof about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more
without keeping your foot
on the accelerator. This can
really help on long trips.
Cruise control does not work at speeds below about
25 mph (40 km/h).
When you apply your brakes, the cruise control shuts
off.
2-31
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the optional
traction control system begins to limit wheel spin, the
cruise control will automatically disengage. (See
“Traction Control System’’ in the Index.) When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may turn
the cruise control back on.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
3 . Push in the set button at
the end of the lever and
release it. (The CRUISE
light on the instrument
panel will come on.)
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
2-32
To Resume a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise controlat a desired speed
and then you apply the brake. This,of course, shuts off
the cruise control. Butyou don’t need to reset it.
Once you’re going about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can move the cruise
control switch from ON to
WA for about half a second.
To Increase Speed WhileUsing Cruise
Control
There are two ways to go
IO a higher speed. Here’s the
first:
Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed.
Push the button at the end of the lever, then release
the button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll now
cruise at the higher speed.
Here’s the second way to go to a higher speed:
Move the cruise switch from ON to R/A. Hold it
there until you get up to the speedyou want, and
then release the switch.
You’ll go right back up to your chosen speed and stay
there.
Remember, if you hold the switch at WA longer than
half a second, the vehicle will keep going fasteruntil
you release the switchor apply the brake. You could be
startled and even lose control.So unless you want to go
faster, don’t hold the switch at R/A.
To increase your speed in very small amounts, move
the switch to WA for less than half a second and then
release it. Each time you do this, yourvehicle will go
about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
The accelerate feature will only work after you have set
the cruise control speed by pushing the SET button.
2-33
To Reduce Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There aretwo ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
1 . Push in the button at the end of the lever until you
reach the lower speed you want, then release it.
2. To slow down in very small amounts, push the
button for less than half a second. Each time you do
this, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load, and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may have to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speed down. Of course, applying the brake
takes you out of cruise control. Many drivers find this to
be too much trouble and don’t use cruise control on
steep hills.
To Get Out of Cruise Control
There are two ways to turn off the cruise control:
1. Step lightly on the brake pedal, OR
2. Move the cruise switch to OFF. (The CRUISE light
will go out.)
To Erase Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control orthe ignition, or
shift into PARK (P), your cruise control set speed
memory is erased.
2-34
Panel Lights
LamDs
These switches control
these systems:
0
Headlamps
0
Taillamps
0
Parking Lamps
0
License Lamps
0
Sidemarker Lamps
0
Instrument Panel Lights
The instrument panel
intensity can be adjusted by
moving this lever between
LO and HI. The interior
courtesy lamps can be
turned on by sliding the
lever all the way to the
right.
Time Out Feature (Option)
Press the LIGHTS switch to turn on the headlamps.
Press it again to turn them off.
Press the PARK switch to turn on the parking lamps.
Press it again to turn them off. (If the parking lamps
were turned on with the PARK switch, they must be
turned off with that switch).
The interior lamps will automatically shutoff after a
10 minute period if a door is left ajar. This feature is
designed to help eliminate battery wear down.
Lamps ON Warning
If the parking lamp or headlamp switch is left on you’ll
hear a warning tone when you turn off the ignition and
open the driver’s door,
2-35
d
Front
Seat
Reading
Lamps
(Option)
Rear
Seat
Reading
Lamps
(Option)
Front seat reading lamps are turned onofforby pressing
the LAMP switch.
2-36
The lamp, the switch, and a coat hanger are above each
rear door. Slide the switch to turn the lamp onoff.
or
I
I
Courtesy Lamps
When any door is opened, several lampsgo on.They
make it easyfor you to enter and leave the car. You also
can turn these lamps on by sliding the panel lamps
switch to INT (Interior).
Daytime Running Lamps (Canada Only)
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)make it easier to see
the front of your vehicle duringthe day. DRL can be
helpful in many different driving conditions,but they
can be especially helpful in the short periods after dawn
and before sunset.
A light sensor on top of the instrument panel makes the
DRL work, so be sure it isn’t covered.
The DRL systemwill make your low beam headlamps
come on at reduced brightness in daylight when:
0
The ignition is on,
0
The headlamp switch is off’, and
0
The transaxle is not in PARK (P)
When the DRL are on,only your low-beam headlamps
will be on. The taillamps, sidemarkerand other lamps
won’t be on. Your instrument panel won’t be lighted
either.
When it is dark enough outside, your low-beam
headlamps will change to full brightness. The other
lamps that come on with your headlamps will come on.
When it is bright enough outside, the regular lamps will
go off, and your low-beam headlamps change tothe
reduced brightness of DRL.
At night you can turn off all exterior lamps when you
are in PARK (P) by pressing the headlamps switch. If
the lamps were off, turn them on and then off again. The
DRL will come back on when you move the transaxle
out of PARK (P).
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system any time you need it.
2-37
Mirrors
Outside Mirrors
Inside Mirror
Manual Mirror Adjust
When you are sittingin a comfortable drivingposition,
adjust the mirror so you can see clearly behind your car.
Grip the mirror in the center to move it up or down and
side to side. Theday-night adjustment allows you to
adjust the mirror to avoid glare fromthe lamps behind
you. Pull the tab forward for daytime
use. Push it back
for night use.
To adjust the left outside
mirror, rotate the knob
located on the driver’s door.
The right outside mirror
must be adjusted manually.
Adjust each mirror so you can just see the side of your
vehicle and the area behind your vehicle.
Power Mirror Adjust
Convex Outside Mirror
If your Buick has the
optional power mirror, the
mirror control is located on
the driver’s door.
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex.
A convex mirror’s surfaceis curved so you can see more
from the driver’sseat.
Move the switchin the middle of the control to choose
the rightor left mirror. Push thearrow controls in the
direction youwant to movethe rnirror.
Adjust each mirrorso you can just see theside of your
vehicle and the area behind your vehicle.
2-39
Convenience Net (Option)
Your vehicle may have a convenience net. You'll see it
just inside the back wall of the trunk.
Put small loads, like grocery bags, behind the net. It can
help keep them from falling over during sharpturns or
quick starts and stops.
The net isn't for larger, heavier loads. Store them in the
trunk as far forward as you can.
You can unhook the net so that it will lie flat when
you're not using it.
2-40 -
Dual Sun Visors
Each sunvisor has two parts, so that both the windshield
and door glass can be shaded at the same time. There is
also a tinted transparent extension that may be pulled
out from the outer sun visor.
Visor Vanity Mirror (Option)
This mirror is on the larger of the passenger's sun visors.
The lamps turn on when the mirror cover is opened. The
brightness of the lamp canbe adjusted by sliding the
switch.
Ashtrays
The front centerashtray may be removed for cleaning.
NOTICE:
Don't put papers or other flammable things into
your ashtrays. Hot cigarettes or other smoking
materials could ignite them, causing
a damaging
fire.
2-41
Cigarette Lighter
Storage Armrest (Option)
It’s near the front ashtray. To use the cigarette lighter,
push it in all the way and let go. When it’s ready, it will
pop back by itself.
NOTICE:
If you hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand
while itis heating, it won’t back away from the
heating element when it’s ready. That can make it
overheat, damaging the lighter and the heating
element.
The armrest between the front seats opensinto a storage
area. To open it, press the lever at the front edge.
Tnside a cupholder flips forward and unfolds to hold two
cups. The cupholderis designed to breakaway should it
receive excessive pressure. If it breaks away, snap the
edges back into place.
There is also a removable coinholder, cassette tape and
compact disc storage area.
The Instrument Panel:Your
Information System
Speedometer and Odometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (ktdh). Your
odometer shows how far your vehicle has been driven,
in either miles (used in the United States) orkilometers
(used in Canada).
Your Buick has a “tamper-resistant odometer.” If you
can see very noticeable bright silver lines between the
numbers, someone has probably tried to turn it back.
The numbers may not be accurate.
You may wonder what happens if a car has to have a
new odometer installed. The new one should be set to
the same reading as the old one. If this is not possible,
then it’s set at zero, and a label on the driver’s door must
show the old reading and when the new one was
installed.
Your instrument panel is designed to let you know at a
glance how your car is running. You’ll know how fast
you’re going, how much fuel you’re using, and many
other things you’ll need to know to drive safely and
economically.
Trip Odometer
A trip odometer can tell you
how many miles you have
driven since you last set it to
zero. To reset it, push the
button.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they’re working. If you are
familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
Warning Lights, Gages and
Indicators
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enoughto cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
2-44
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, orwhen one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re abig help.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
Air Bag Readiness Light
r
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which showsthe words AIR BAG. The system
checks the air bag’s electrical system
for malfunctions.
if there is an electrical problem. The
The light tells you
system check includes theair bag sensors and the wiring
and the diagnostic module. For more informationthe
on
air bag system, see “Air Bag” in the Index.
When the key is turned to
RUN or START, a chime
will come on for about
eight seconds to remind
people to fasten their
safety belts.
The safety belt light will also come on and stay on
for
about 70 seconds. If the driver’s beltis already buckled,
neither the chime northe light will come on.
AIR BAG
AIR
BAG
You will see this light flash for a few seconds when
you
turn your ignition toRUN or START. Then the light
should go out. This means the systemis ready.
If the air bag readiness light doesn’t come on when you
start your vehicle, or stays on,
or comes on when you
are driving, your air bag system may not work properly.
Have your vehicle serviced right away.
2-45
Brake System Warning Light
BRAKE
Your Buick’s hydraulic
brake system is divided into
two parts.If one part isn’t
working, the otherpart can
still work and stop you. For
good braking, though, you
need both parts working
well.
(a)
If the warning light comes on, there could be a brake
problem. Have your brake system inspected right away.
This light should come on briefly as you start the
vehicle. If it doesn’t come on then, have
it fixed so it
will be ready towarn you if there’s a problem.
If the light and chime come on while you are driving,
pull off the road and stop carefully.
You may notice that
the pedal is harder to push. Or,
the pedal may go closer
‘
i
2-46
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
With the anti-lock brake
system, this light will
come on when you start
your engineand may stay
on for several seconds.
That’s normal.
Traction Control System Warning Light
(Option)
TRACTION
OFF
If the light doesn’t come on, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is aproblem.
If the light stays on, turn the ignition off. Or, if the light
comes on when you’re driving, stopas soon as possible
and turn the ignition off. Then start the engine again to
reset the system. If the light still stays on, or comeson
again while you’re driving, yourBuick needs service. If
the regular brake system warninglight isn’t on, you still
have brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock brakes. If the
regular brake system warning light is also on, you don’t
have anti-lock brakes and there’s a problem with your
regular brakes. See “Brake System Warning Light’’
earlier in this part.
This warning light should
come on briefly as you
start the engine. If the
warning light doesn’t come
on then, have it fixed so it
will be ready to warn you
if there’s a problem.
If it stays on, or comes on when you’re driving,there
may be a problem with your traction control system and
your vehicle may need service. When this warning light
is on, the system will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your
driving accordingly.
2-47
The traction control system warning light may come on
for thefollowing reasons:
0
If you turn the system off by pressing the button
located to the left of the steering wheel, the warning
light will come on and stay on. To turn the system
back on, press the button again. The warning light
should go off. (See “Traction Control System” in the
Index for more information.)
a If there’s a brake system problem that is specifically
related to traction control, the traction control system
will turn off and the warning light will come on. If
your brakes begin to overheat, the traction control
system will turn off and the warning light will come
on until your brakes cool down.
0
If the traction control system is affected by an
engine-related problem, the system will turn off and
the warning light will come on.
If the traction control system warning light comes on
and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
2-48
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning
Light
-E-
k
TEMP
This light tells you that your engine coolant has
overheated or your radiator cooling fansare not
working. If you have been operating your vehicle under
normal driving conditions, you should pull off the road,
stop your vehicle and turn the engine off as soon as
possible.
In the section “Problems on the Road,” this manual
explains what to do. See “Engine Overheating” in the
Index.
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
Malfunction IndicatorLamp
(Service Engine Soon)
A computer monitors
operation of your fuel,
ignition and emission
control systems.
CHECK
If you have the gage cluster, you have a gage that shows
the engine coolant temperature. If the gage pointer moves
into the red area your engine is too hot! The engine
coolant temperature gage indicates the coolant temperature
in degrees Fahrenheit. The Canadian instrument panels
indicate the coolant temperaturein degrees Celsius.
That reading means the same thing asthe warning light.
It means that your engine coolanthas overheated. If you
have been operating your vehicle under normal driving
conditions, you should pull off the road, stop your
vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.
This light should come on when the ignition is on, but
the engine is not running, as a check to show you it is
working.
If it does not come on at all, have it fixed right away. If
it stays on, or it comes on while you are driving, the
computer is indicating that you have a problem. You
should take your vehicle in for service soon.
In the chapter “Problems on the Road,” this manual
explains what to do. See “Engine Overheating”in the
Index.
2-49
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, after a while the emission controls won’t
work as well, your fuel economy won’tbe as good
as smoothly. This
and your engine may not run
could lead to costly repairs not covered
by your
warranty.
Engine Oil Pressure Light and Gage
9 3
OIL
This light tells you if there could be a problem with your
engine oil pressure. I f your car has the optional gage
cluster, you can read your oil pressure directly from the
gage on your instrument panel.
There are three ways this light can come on briefly,
which is normal and doesn’t show a problem. They are:
1 . The light comes on when you turn your key to RUN.
It goes off once you turn it to start. That’s just a
check to be sure the light works. If it doesn’t, be sure
to have it fixed so it will be there to warn you if
something goes wrong.
2. If you’re “idling” at astop sign, the light may blink
on and thenoff.
Check Oil Level Light (Option)
3. If you make a hard stop, the light may come for
on a
moment.
But, when this lightcomeson and stays on, it means oil
isn’t going through your engine properly.
You could be
low on oil, or you might have some otheroil problem.
CHECK
OIL LEVEL
The CHECK OIL LEVEL
light is lit for three seconds
as a bulb check each time
the ignition key is turned to
the RUN position. If the
light doesn’t come on, have
your vehicle serviced.
If the engineoil is more than one quart low,the light
off for 15-25 seconds, and
will come on briefly, then go
then come back onfor 20-40 seconds.
However, the system will not register low engine
oil if it
has not been more than eight minutes since the engine
was shut off.
NOTICE:
Damage to your engine from neglected oil
is not covered by your
problems can be costly and
warranty.
If the CHECK OILLEVEL light comes back on, the
engine oil should be checked at the dipstick then
brought up tothe proper level if necessary. See “Engine
Oil” in the Index.
2-51
Change Oil Soon Light (Option)
CHANGE
OIL SOON
This light is activated by the
Engine Oil Life Monitor
System. The Engine Oil
Life Monitor determinesthe
condition of the engine oil
and lets you know when the
oil should be changed. See
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
RUN position. It will stay on for 60 seconds once 90%
of the oil life has been used and each time the engine is
started after that. If the CHANGE OIL SOON light is on
continuously, there is a problem with the Oil Life
Monitor System and service is required.
After changing the engine oil, the system should be
reset. This will cause the CHANGE OILSOON light to
be lit for a bulb check period of three seconds.
It does this by electronically receiving data from the
Powertrain Control Module. The data it receives
contains information about engine speed (revolutions
per minute), coolant temperature and vehicle speed. The
Engine Oil Life Monitor uses this data to determine how
much the oil has degraded.
When to change your oil depends on driving habits and
conditions because these directly affect engine speed,
coolant temperature and vehicle speed. Because of this,
the CHANGE OIL SOON light may come on as early as
2,000 miles or less forharsh circumstances.
The CHANGE OILSOON light is lit for five seconds as
a bulb check each time the ignition key is turned to the
2-52
The reset button is in the glove box. With the ignition
key in the RUN position, push the reset button, hold it in
for at least five seconds but not more than 60 seconds.
After five seconds,the CHANGE OIL SOON light will
flash four times and then go off. Thisindicates that the
Oil Life Monitor System has been reset.
Voltage Indicator
Battery Warning Light
VOLT
When you turn the key to RUN, this light will come on
briefly, to show that your alternator and battery charging
systems are working.
If the light stays on, you need service and you should
take your Buick to the dealer at once.To save your
battery until you get there, turn off all accessories and
set your air system to OFF.
If you have the optional gage cluster, this gage shows
voltage i n the electrical system. The normal range is
1 1 to 15 volts. If the gage reading stays in either red
range, have your Buick dealer check the electrical
system.
2-53
Tachometer
Fuel Gage
I
5
I
The optional tachometer tells you how fast the engine is
going. It displays engine speed in thousands of
revolutions per minute ( r p ) .
NOTICE:
Do not operate the engine with the tachometer in
the red area or engine damage may occur.
2-54
Your fuel gage shows about how much fuel is in your
tank. It works only when the engine is on. When the
indicator nears E (empty), you still have a little fuel left.
You need to get more fuel right away.
Here are some concerns ownershave had about the fuel
gage. All these situations are normal and indicate
nothing wrong with the fuel gage.
0
At the gas station, the gas pump shutsoff before the
gage reads F (full).
0
It takes more (or less) gas to fill up than the gage
indicated. For example,the gage may have indicated
1/2 full, but it took more (or less) than half of the
tank's capacity to fill it.
0
The gage moves a little when you turn a corner,
speed up, or stop your vehicle.
0
When you turn the engine off, the gage doesn't go all
the way back to empty.
Low Fuel Light (Option)
If your Buick has this
option, a yellow light near
the fuel gage will come on
when you are low on fuel.
You should get more fuel as
soon as you can.
2-55
NOTES
2-56
n
Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section you'll find outhow to operate the comfort
control systems and audio systems offered with your
Buick. Be sure to read about the particular system
supplied with your vehicle.
Air Outlets
Adjust the direction of air
flow by moving the
louvered vents.
Your Buick Comfort Control System
This section tellsyou how to make your air system work
for you. Your Comfort Control System uses thenew
ozone-friendly R- 134a refrigerant.
Fresh air from outside your vehicleflows through your
Buick when the car is moving. When the vehicle is not
moving, you can get outside air to flow through by
selecting any air choice (except the rear window
defogger) and any fan speed.
1
3-1
Rear Passenger ComforTemp (Option)
Dual Automatic ComforTemp Climate
Control (Option)
If your Buick has the Dual Automatic ComforTemp
Climate Control option, the following information tells
you how it works.
If you have this option, you can adjust the direction of
the air flow to the rear seating area.
3-2
You will hear a beep each time a button is pushed and a
sn~alllight on the button will indicate which buttons are
active. The lights are on all buttons except TEMP, FAN
and AIR FLOW. The display will show fan, temperature
and mode settings for a few seconds whenever AUTO is
selected, and then display the outside temperature. The
outside temperature reading is most accurate when
driving. During stops, the display shows the previous
temperature for best accuracy and system control.
If the display is flashing afterthe system is started, you
should see your dealer forservice.
Sun and temperature sensors automatically adjustair
temperature to maintain your temperature setting. The
system may supply cooler airto the side towards the
sun. Be careful not to put anything over the sensors on
top of the dash. The system may not respond correctly.
Pushing the FAN, AIR FLOW or FRONTbuttons will
override this delay, turn off the AUTO setting, and
change the Fan speed.
TEMP: To adjust the temperature you want maintained
inside the car, push the TEMP button. If you want warmer
air push the red arrow.If you want cooler air push the blue
arrow. Note the degree selection in the display.
AUTO: Press the AUTO button when you want the
system to adjust automatically to changesin
temperature. When the system is set for automatic, air
will come from the floor, middle, or windshield outlets.
Fan speed will vary as the system gets to and maintains
the temperature setting you have selected.
You can choose between 60°F (16°C) for maximum
cooling, to 90°F (33°C) for maximum heating. The
system does not cool or warm faster with 60°F (16°C)
or 90°F (33°C) selected, so it is not necessary to choose
the extreme temperature to getthe system to heat or cool
at the maximum. The system does it automatically.
To find your comfort zone, startwith 75" AUTO, give
the car about20 minutes to stabilize, and adjust the
temperature setting if necessary. The display will show
the set temperature and fan speed for
a few seconds and
then display the outside temperature. If you want to
check and see what automatic temperature settinghas
been chosen, press the AUTO button.
FAN: The speed of the blower fan is controlled
automatically if you have the system set for AUTO.
Pressing the FAN button will display and hold the
current blower fan setting.
In cold weather the system will delay turning on the fan,
to avoid blowing cold air. The length of the delay
depends on engine coolant temperature, outside
temperature, and time since the engine was last started.
If you want the blower fan to run at a lower speed, push
the bottom of the FAN button. The fan speed will
decrease with every push of the button until the lowest
speed is reached. If you want to increase the fan speed,
push the top of the fan button. Notice the fan indicators
in the display.
3-3
AIR FLOW This button is used to change the
direction of the air flow. The air flow choices available
are WINDSHIELD,MID and FLOOR. If the system is
set forAUTO, pressing the AIR FLOW button will
display the current airflow direction. Press the AIR
FLOW up or down arrows again to change thedirection
of the airflow.
If the up AIR FLOW button is selected while in the
FRONT defrost mode, the system will direct the air
toward the floor and the windshield. If the down AIR
FLOW button is selected whilein the FRONT defrost
mode, the system will send the airtoward the FLOOR,
and FRONT will cancel. Notice the arrows in the
display.
VENT The VENT button allows fresh air to flow
through your Buick without the air conditioning
compressor working. AUTO and VENT may be selected
at the same time so the system will continue to maintain
the temperature selected. To turn off the VENT selection
push the button again.
RECIRC: When RECIRC is selected, the system will
limit the amount of fresh air enteringyour vehicle. This
is helpful when you are trying to cool the air quickly or
limit the amount of air entering yourvehicle for some
3-4
other reason. If the system was previously in AUTO,
RECIRC can be selected. The system will be in
RECIRC for 10 minutes, then remain in AUTO but
return to the EXT temperature display. RECIRC can
also be selected in manual air flow positions.
FRONT This selection
is used to defrost the
windshield by directing the
air flowtoward the
windshield.
FRONT
If FRONT is selected while in the AUTO mode, the fan
speed will vary. If a manual fan speed setting is selected,
the fan speed will remain at that selection until the
engine is turned off or another selection has been made.
To turn off FRONT,press AUTO orAIR FLOW.
FRONT defrost will work better if any ice or snow is
cleared from the hood and the air inlet area between the
hood and windshield.
@ REAR: The lines you
see on the rear window
warm the glass. Press the
button to start warming
your window.
OFF: The ventilation system always allows fresh air to
flow through your Buick when the vehicle is moving.
The system will try to keep the air at a previously
chosen temperature. The outside temperature will show
in the display when the system is OFF.
Tf the passenger control has been turned on, it can be
turned off by pressing the OFF button once. Pressing the
OFF button a second time will turn off the main system.
Passenger Control
After 10 minutes, it will go off by itself or. pressing the
button again during the heating cycle will turn it off. If
you need additional warming time, push the button
again. The systemwill then operate for five minutes
before going off by itself.
~
~
~~~~~~~
~~
~
~
~~
~
~~
NOTICE:
Scraping the insideof your rear window could
cut and damage the heater.
Your warranty would
not cover this damage. Don’t put decals there,
you might have to scrape themoff.
The front seat passenger can
control the air temperature
in their seating area. This
can be set up to 5 OF cooler
or warmer than the primary
setting by pressing the
WARM or COOL buttons
on the passenger door.
The indicator lights above the control will show the
difference from the main temperature setting. To turn off
this part of the system, push the OFF button on the main
control panel once.
3-5
Electronic Touch Climate Control System
To turn off RECIRC press the button again. If you select
FRONT defrost or BLEND while RECIRC is selected,
the system will automatically turn off RECIRC to
prevent fogging.
TEMPERATURE: Moving the TEMPERATURE lever
changes the temperature of the air coming through your
outlets. Moving the lever between COOL and WARM
will lower or raise the temperature.
3f
FAN: The FAN control is used to select the speed
of the blower fan. There are four speeds to choose from.
If your Buick has this climate control system, the
following information tells you how it works.
OFF: The ventilation system always allows fresh air to
flow through your Buick when the vehicle is moving.
The system will try to keep the air at a previously
chosen temperature. When the system is off, the blower
fan is also off.
RECIRC: The amount of fresh air entering the vehicle
is limited when RECIRC is selected. This is helpful
when you are trying to cool the air in your vehicle or
limit the air entering the vehicle for some other reason.
3-6
Moving the lever between LOW and HIGH will
decrease or increase the fan speed. The fan will be off
when the system is off.
VENT For mild outside temperature, when little
heating or cooling is needed, use the VENT setting. Air
will flow through the middle instrument panel outlets.
Use the air outlets to adjust and direct the air flow.
Adjust the temperature lever to the desired temperature.
The air conditioning compressor is not working when
VENT is selected.
BLEND: When BLEND is selected the air flow will be
split between the windshield and the floor outlets. The
air conditioning compressor will be operating. Adjust
the temperature and fan speed for your comfort.
Air Conditioning
MAX: This setting provides maximum cooling with
the least amount of work. MAX recirculates much of the
air inside your vehicle so it cools quickly. Adjust the
temperature and fan speed to COOL and HIGH. Air is
directed through the middle instrument panel outlets.
NORM: Use NORM for normal cooling on hot days.
This setting coolsthe air entering your vehicle and
directs it through the middle instrument panel outlets.
Adjust the temperature andfan speed for your comfort.
If RECIRC is selected while in the NORM air
conditioning mode the system works like MAX and
recirculates the air.
BI-LEV: This setting is designed for use on sunny days
when the air is moderately warm or cool. On days like
these, the sun may adequately warm your upper body.
but your lower body may not be warm enough.
BI-LEV directs outside airinto your vehicle in two
ways. Cool air is directed toward your upper body
through the middle instrument panel outlets, while
slightly warmed air is directed to the floor.
Defrost
FRONT The FRONT defrost setting directs most
of the air flow toward the windshield. Use defrost when
you want to remove fog or ice from the windshield.
Adjust the temperature control toward WARM and the
fan control toward HIGH. FRONT defrost will work
better if heavy snow and ice are cleared away from the
hood, windshield and the air inlet area between the hood
and windshield.
3-7
Rear Window Defogger(Option)
@ REAR: The lines you
see on the rear window
warm the glass. Press the
button to start warming
your window.
Audio Systems
Your Delco@audio system has been designed to operate
easily and give years of listening pleasure. But you will
get the most enjoyment out your system if you acquaint
yourself with it first. Find out what your Delco@system
can do and how to operate all its controls, to be sure
you’re getting the most out of the advanced engineering
that went into it.
Setting the Clock
After 10 minutes it will turn off by itself, or pressing the
button during the heating cycle will turn it off. If you
need additional warming time, push the button again.
The system will then operate for fiveminutes before
going off by itself.
I NOTICE:
Scraping the insideor your rear window could
cut and damage the heater.Your warranty would
not cover this damage. Don’t put decals there,
you might have to scrape them
off.
3-8
To set the clock, press and hold the HRS or MIN buttons
until the correct time is displayed. This can be done with
the ignition off if RECALL is first pressed. The colon
will flash while in the set mode. Flashing will stop when
no clock buttons are pressed for a few seconds.
AM-FM Stereo Radio
knob when the ignition is off, the clock will show for a
few seconds.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press this button to get AM, FMl or FM2.
The display showsyour selection.
TUNE: Turn the lower knob to choose radiostations.
SEEK: Press the forward or backward arrow to go to
the next higher or lower station. The sound will be
muted while seeking.
..............
,"
x
..............
Playing the Radio
Turn the VOLUME knobto turn the system on and off.
VOLUME: Turn the upper knob clockwise to increase
volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
RECALL: Press the upper knob briefly to recall the
station being played or the clock display. To change
what is normally shown on the display (station or time),
press the knob until you see the display you want, then
hold the knob until the display flashes.If you press the
SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds,
and SCAN will appear in the display. Use SCAN to
listen to stations fora few seconds. The radio will go to
a station, stop for a few seconds, then go on to the next
station. Press SEEKagain to stop scanning.
Presets: The six pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations (six AM,
six FMl and six FM2).
1. Press the lower knob to select the AM, FMl or FM2.
2. Find the station you want.
3. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons.
4. The sound will mute. When it returns, release the
button.
3-9
Whenever you press that numbered button, the station
you set will return.
AM-FM Stereo Radio with Cassette Tape
Player
P SCAN: Press P SCAN to listen to each of your preset
stations for a few seconds. Theradio will go to the first
preset station, stop for a few
seconds, then go on to the
next preset station. Press P SCAN again to stop
scanning.
Setting theTone
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decrease bass. The middle position is
a detent.
TREB: Press this button lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decrease treble. The middle position
is a detent.
Push the knobs back in when you’re not using them.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: Turn the control behind the upper knob to move
the sound tothe left or right speakers. The middle
position is a detent and balances the speakers.
FADE: Turn the control behind the lower knob to move
the sound to the front or rear speakers. The middle
position is a detent and balances the speakers.
3-10
If your Buick has this radio with cassette tape player,
follow the instructions earlier in this manual under
“AM-FM Stereo Radio” to play the radio. For other
features, see the following instructions.
If your radio has a cassette tape player, it will have an
AM-FM button. Press the lower knob to select AM,
FM 1 or FM2.
Playing a Cassette Tape
The longer sideof the cassette with the tape visible
should face to the right. The tape will begin playing as
soon as you insert it. If you hear nothing or hear a
garbled sound, the tape may not be in squarely. Press
EJECT to remove the tape and start over.
While thetape is playing, use the VOL, FADE, BAL,
TREB and BASS controlsjust as you do for the radio.
Other controls may have different functions when a tape
is inserted. The display will show an arrow to show the
side of the tape playing.
If you want to insert a tape when the ignition or radio is
off, first press EJECT or RCL.Note that cassette tape
adapter kits for portable compact disc players will not
work in your cassette player. These adapters will cause
an error message in the display, and the adapter cassette
will be ejected.
SEEK: Press the forward or backward arrow to search
for the next or previous selection on the tape. Your tape
must have at least three seconds of silence between each
selection for SEEK to work.
REVERSE (3): Press this button to reverse the tape
rapidly. Press it again to return to playing speed. The
radio will play while the tape reverses.
FORWARD (4): Press this button to advance quickly to
another part of the tape. Press the button again to return
to playing speed. The radiowill play while the tape
advances.
SIDE (5): Press this button to change the side of the
tape that is playing.
00 (6): Press this button to select or deselect Dolby@B
Noise Reduction to reduce background noise. The
display will show either OFF or ON for a few seconds
when you press the button.
Dolby’@B Noise Reduction is manufactured under
license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Dolby and the OUR’
symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
EJECT Press this button to remove the tape. The radio
will play.
CLN: This message may appear on the display. If it
does, your cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It
will still play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as
possible to prevent damage to yourtapes and player. See
“Care of Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After
you clean the player, press and hold EJECT for five
seconds to reset the CLN indicator. “- - -” will appear in
the display to show the indicator was reset.
3-11
AM-FM Stereo Radios with Automatic
Tone Control
Playing the Radio
Press the VOLUME knob to turn the system on and off.
VOLUME: Turn this knob clockwise to increase
volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume
RECALL: Press this button briefly to recall the station
being played or the clock display. To change what is
normally shown on the display (station or time), press
the button until you see the display you want, then hold
the button until the display flashes. If you press the
button when the ignition is off, the clock will show for a
few seconds.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press this button to get AM, FM 1 or FM2.
The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Press the up or down arrow to choose radio
If your Buick has aradio with Automatic Tone Control,stations.
the instructions below will explain how to use the radio.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the next
To find out if your radio hasAutomatic Tone Control,
higher or lower station. The sound will be muted while
look for a TONE button. If the system has one, you have
seeking.
Automatic Tone Control. If not, see the systems
explained earlier in this section.
SCAN: Press
one
of the SEEK arrows
two
for
seconds,
and SCAN will appear in the display. Use SCAN to
listen to stations for a few seconds. Theradio will go to
3-12
a station, stop for a fewseconds, then go on to the next
station. Press SEEK again to stop scanning.
Presets: The six pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations (six AM,
six FMl and six FM2). You can also set an equalization
setting with each preset station.
1. Press AM-FM to select the band.
2 . Find the station you want.
3. Press TONE to choose the equalization setting for
the station.
P SCAN: Press P SCAN to listen to each of your preset
stations for a few seconds. The radiowill go to the first
preset station, stop for a few seconds,then go on to the
next preset station. Press P SCAN again to stop
scanning.
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decrease bass. The middle position is
a detent.
TREB: Press this button lightly so it extends. Turn the
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons.
knob to increase or decrease treble. The middle position
is a detent.
5 . The sound will mute. When it returns, release the
button.
Push the knobs back in when you’re not using them.
Whenever you press that numbered button, the station
you set will return.
AUTO SET Press this button and the system will set
the 12 strongest FM or the six strongest AM stations on
your preset buttons. To return to the stations you
manually set, press the AUTO SET button again.
TONE: This feature allowsyou to choose preset treble
and bass equalization settings designed for classical,
pop, rock, jazz, talk and country/western stations.
CLASS will appear on the display when you first press
TONE. Each time you press it, another setting will
appear on the display. Press it again after “C&W”
appears and MANUAL will appear. Tone control will
return to the treble and bass knobs. Also, if you use the
treble and bass knobs, control will return to them and
MANUAL will appear.
3-13
Adjusting theSpeakers
BAL: Press this button lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to move the sound to the left or right speakers. The
middle position is a detent and balances the speakers.
FADE: Press this button lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to move the sound to the front or rear speakers.
The middle position is a detent and balances the
speakers.
Push the knobs back in when you're not using them.
Playing a Cassette Tape
PREV (1): Press this button to search for the previous
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for PREV to
work.
NEXT (2): Press this button to search for the next
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for NEXT to
work.
The SEEK down and up arrows will also find the
previous and next selections on the tape.
REVERSE (3): Press this button to reverse the tape
rapidly. Press it again to return to playing speed. The
radio will play while the tape reverses.
The longer sidewith the tape visible should face to the
right. The tape will begin playing as soon as you insert
it. If you hear nothing or hear a garbled sound, the tape
may not be in squarely. Press EJECT to remove the tape
and start over. If you want to insert a tape when the
ignition is off, first press EJECT or RCL.
FORWARD (4): Press this button to advance quickly to
another part of the tape. Press the button again to return
to playing speed. Theradio will play while the tape
advances.
While the tape is playing. use the VOL, FADE, BAL,
TREB and BASS controls just as you do for the radio.
Other controls may have different functions when a tape
is inserted. The display will show TAPE and an arrow to
show the side of the tape playing.
SIDE (5): Press this button to change the side of the
tape that is playing.
00 (6): Press this button to select or deselect Dolby@B
Noise Reduction t o reduce background noise.
Your tape bias is set automatically.
Dolby'" B Noise Reduction is manufactured under
license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Dolby and the 00" symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a tape
is in the player.
SOURCE: Press this knob to change to the tape
function when the radio is on. TAPE with an arrow will
appear on the display when the tape is active.
EJECT Press this button to remove the tape. The radio
will play.
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. The disc should begin playing.
If you're driving on a very rough road or if it's very hot,
the disc may not play and ERR may appear on the
display. Press RECALL to take ERR off the display.
When things get back to normal, the disc should play.
If the disc comes out,it could be that:
0
The disc is upside down.
0
It is dirty, scratched or wet.
It is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and try
again.
RECALL: Press this button to see which track is
playing. Press it again within five seconds to seehow
long it has been playing. To change what is normally
shown on the display (track or elapsed timej, press the
button until you see the display you want, then hold the
button until the display flashes.
PREV (1): Press this button to go to the start of the
current track, if more than eight seconds have played. If
you hold the button or press it more than once, the
player will continue moving back through the disc.
3-15
NEXT (2): Press this button to go to the next track.
If you hold the button or press it more than once, the
player will continue moving forward through the disc.
AM-FM Stereo with CassetteTape and
Compact Disc Player
REVERSE (3): Press and hold this button to return to a
passage quickly. You will hear sound.
FORWARD (4): Press and hold this button to advance
to a passage quickly. You will hear sound.
RAND (6): Press this button to hear the tracks in
random order.
AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a disc
is in the player.
SOURCE: Press this knob to change to the disc
function when the radio is on. CD PLAY will appear on
the display when the disc is active.
EJECT Press this button to remove the disc. The radio
will play.
If you turn off the ignition or radio with a disc i n the
player, it will stay in the player. When you turn on the
ignition or system, the disc will start playing where it
was stopped. If you press EJECT but don't remove the
disc within 25 seconds, the player will pull the disc back
in to protect it.
3-16
If your system has both a cassette tape player and a
compact disc player, most of the functions work as
described previously. The only unique features are noted
below.
00: The player automatically reduces background noise
from Dolby'". B NR encoded tapes.
Dolby@B Noise Reduction manufactured under license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
On@
and the
symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
AUTO PRESET Press it and the system will set the
12 strongest FM or the six strongest AM stations on
your preset buttons. To return to the stations you
manually set, press the AUTO PRESET button again.
(This button performs the same function as AUTO SET
described previously.)
EJECT: The system has two EJECT buttons. Press the
button near the CD slot to remove a disc. Press the
button near the tape slot to remove a tape. The radio will
Play*
SOURCE: Press this knob to change to the tape or disc
function when the radio is on. If both a tape and a disc
are installed, the system will play the tape first. TAPE
will appear on the display. If SOURCE is pressed again,
the system will go to disc play. CD will appear on the
display.
THEFTLOCK
TM
Your system has this feature if the word THEFTLOCK
appears on the faceplate. THEFTLOCK is a
theft-deterrent feature that can be used or ignored. If
you ignore it, your system will play normally. If you use
it, your system can’t be turned on if it is stolen because
it locks anytime battery power is removed. To unlock it,
a code must be entered.
These instructions will tell you how to enter a code into
your system. They also tell you how to unlock the
system with your code and how to turn offthe
THEFTLOCK system.
Entering a Code
I . Write down any number from 000 to 1999. This is
your code.
2. Turn the ignition to ACC or RUN.
3. Turn the radio off.
4. Press the 1 and 4 preset buttons at the same time and
hold until “- - -” shows on the display.
3-17
You have only 15 seconds beiween each of the
following steps.
5 . Press MIN and “000” will appear on the display.
6. Press MIN again and hold until the last two digits of
your code appear.
7. Press and hold HRS until the first digit or digits of
your code appear.
8. Press AM-FM after you make sure the code matches
the one you wrote down. ‘YEP’ will appear on the
display, meaning you must repeat steps 5 through 7 .
9. After you repeat the steps, press AM-FM. SEC
should appear on the display, meaning your system is
secured. When your ignition is off, the
THEFTLOCK light will flash.
Store the paper with your code written on it in a safe
place.
3-18
Unlocking the System
If battery battery power is removed for any reason, LOC
will appear on the display when power is reapplied. You
will need to enter your code to unlock the system. You
have only 15 seconds between each of the following
steps.
1. Turn the ignition on. LOC will appear on the display.
2. Press MTN and “000” will appear on the display.
3. Press MIN again and hold until the last two digits of
your code appear.
4. Press and hold HRS until the first digit or digitsof
your code appear.
5. Press AM-FM after you make sure the code matches
the one you wrote down. SEC should appear on the
display, meaning you can now use your system, and
it is secured.
Steering Wheel Controls (Option)
Disabling THEFTLOCK
IfYOa want to turn off THEFTLOCK, you will need to
enter your code. If you lose or forget your code, see
your dealer. With the ignition position turned t o ACC or
RUN and the radio power off.':
1. Press the 1 and 4 preset buttons at the same time and
hold until SEC shows on the display.
You now have only 15 seconds between each of the
following steps.
2. Press MIN and "000" will appear on the display.
3. Press MIN again and hold until the last two digits of
your code appear.
4. Press and hold HRS until the first digit or digits of
your code appear.
5 . Press AM-FM after you make sure the code matches
the one you wrote down.
- -" should appear on the
display, meaning your system is unsecured.
'I-
If your car has this feature, you can control certain radio
and comfort control functions using the pads on the
steering wheel.
SEEK: Press the SEEK pad to go to the next higher or
lower radio station.
SCAN: Press this pad to scan the stations preset on your
radio pushbuttons.
3-19
AM F": Press AM FM to receive AM, FMl or FM2
radio signals.
VOL: To increase or decreasethe volume, press the pad
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise.
marked VOL.
AM Stereo
TEMP: The pad marked TEMP allows you to select a
This means the Delco' system can receive C-QUAM@
stereo broadcasts. Many AM stations around the country
use C-QUAM@to produce stereo, though some do not.
(C-QUAM@is a registered trademark of Motorola, Inc.)
If your Delco' system can get C-QUA"@, your
STEREO light will come on when you're receiving it.
higher or lower temperature setting forthe climate
control system.
You may have radio-only controls. If so, TEMP will be
replaced by SRCE (source) and MUTE. MUTE will
mute the audio sound in any mode. SRCE works as
described earlier in the radio sections.
Understanding Radio Reception
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound. But FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). And,
tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to comeand go.
AM
The range formost AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
3-20
Be aware that hearing damage from loud noise is almost
undetectable until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt
to higher volumes of sound. Soundthat seems normal
can be loud and harmful to your hearing. Take
precautions by adjusting the volume control on your
radio to a safe sound level before your hearing adapts to
it.
To help avoid hearing loss or damage:
0
Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
0
Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
Cassette Tape Player Care
NOTICE:
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
Before you add anysound equipment to your
vehicle -- like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio be sure you can
add whatyou want. If you can, it’s very
important to do properly.
it
Added sound
equipment may interfere with the operationof
your vehicle’s engine, Delco@radio or other
systems, and even damage them. And, your
vehicle’s systems may interfere with the
been
operation of sound equipment that has
added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment,check with
your dealer andbe sure to check Federal rules
covering mobile radio andtelephone units.
--
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes, or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight,and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. If you notice a reduction in sound
quality, try a known good cassette to seeif the tape or
the tape player is at fault. If this other cassette has no
improvement in sound quality, clean the tape player.
The recommended tapeplayer cleaning method is with a
scrubbing-action, non-abrasive cleaning cassette. Thisis
a wet-type cleaning system that uses a cleaning cassette
with pads which scrub the tape head as the hubs of the
cleaner cassetteturn. If you use this type of cleaner, the
radio may eject the cartridge. This is nornlal and is the
result of an added feature in the tape player that detects
broken tapes. If the cleaning cassetteis ejected, you will
need to insert it a total of at least three times to
thoroughly clean the tape player.
3-21
You may prefer to use a non-scrubbing action,wet-type
cleaner. This type of cleaner uses a cassette with a fabric
belt which cleans the tape head. This type of cleaning
cassette will not be ejected, but it may not clean the tape
player as thoroughly as the scrubbing-type cleaner
described above.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality may
degrade overtime. Always make sure that the cassette
tape is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
Compact Disc Care
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral de.tergent solution and
clean it, wiping only from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling
discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edgesor the
edge of the hole and the outer edge.
Antenna Care
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes
without being damaged. If the mast should ever become
slightly bent, you can straighten it out by hand. If the
mast is badly bent, as it might be by vandals, you should
replace it.
If you have a power antenna it will look its best and
work well if it’s cleaned from time to time. If the mast
portion of your antenna is damaged, you can easily
replace it. See your dealer for areplacement kit and
follow the instructions in the kit.
1. Turn on the ignition and
radio to raise the
antenna to full mast
extension.
2. Dampen a clean cloth
with mineral spirits or
equivalent solvent.
3. Wipe a cloth over the
mast sections, removing
any dirt.
4. Wipe dry with a clean
cloth before retracting.
3-22
5. Make the antenna go up and down by turning the
radio or ignition on and off.
6. Then repeat if necessary.
NOTICE:
I
Don’t lubricate thepower antenna. Lubrication
could damage it.
NOTICE:
Before entering an automatic car wash, turn off
your radio to make the power antenna go down.
This will prevent the mast from possibly getting
damaged. If the antenna does not go down when
you turn the radiooff, it may be damaged or
need to be cleaned. In either case, lowerthe
antenna by hand by carefully pressingthe
antenna down.
3-23
NOTES
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
4-1
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to the
highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims every
year.
The obvious way to solve this highway safety problem
is for people never to drink alcohol and then drive. But
what if people do? How much is “too much” if the
driver plans to drive? It’s a lot less than many might
think. Although it depends on each person and situation,
here is some general information on the problem.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive a
vehicle:
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
Judgment
0
Muscular Coordination
Vision
0
Attentiveness
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol.I n most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking
and driving. In recent years, some 18,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use
of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the adult
population -- choose never to drink alcohol, so they
never drive after drinking. For persons under 2 1. it’s
against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There aregood medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
4-2
Howmuch alcohol consumed
The drinker‘s body weight
0
The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-pound (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 mlj bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1 - 1/2 ounces
(45 nd) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have
a lower relative percentage of body water than men.
Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that a
woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
man of her same body weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law i n many U.S. states sets the legal limit at a BAC
of 0.10 percent. In a growing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, the limit is 0.08 percent. In some
other countries it’s even lower. The BAC limit for all
commercial drivers in the U.S. is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to six
drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen,it
depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and how
quickly the person drinks them.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example,if
the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food just before or during drinkingwill have a
somewhat lower BAC level.
4-3
But the ability to drive isaffected well below a BAC
of 0.10 percent. Research shows thatthe driving skills
of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects areworse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above0.05 percent.
Statistics showthat the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubledhis or her chance of having a
collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of
this driver having a collision is twelve times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is twenty-five times
greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “1’11 be careful” isn’t the
right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts intothe street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able
to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
4-4
There’s something elseabout drinking and driving that
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger -- is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have todo their work
at the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and reaction
time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perceptior? time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction fim.eis about 3/4 of a second. But
that’s only an average. It might be less with one driver
and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination,
and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But evenin 3/4 of a second, a vehicle
moving at 60 mph ( I 00 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 in).
That could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so
keeping enough spacebetween your vehicle and others
is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distancesvary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; and the condition of your brakes.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s
easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires
and road can provide. That meansyou can lose control
of your vehicle.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in
spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a
mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between
hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much faster if you
4-5
do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the
traffic and allow realistic following distances,you will
eliminate a lotof unnecessary braking. That means
better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stopswhile you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the
pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But
you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is
used up, it may take longer to stopand the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
Your Buick has an advanced electronic brakingsystem
that will help prevent a braking skid.
This light on the
instrument panel will
come on briefly when
you start your vehicle.
When you start your vehicle and begin to driveaway,
you may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise. And
you may even notice that your brake pedal moves a little
while this is going on. This is the ABS system testing
itself. If there’s a problem with the anti-lock brake
system, the anti-lock brake system warning light will
stay on.
See “Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light” in the
Index.
4-6
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computeris
programmed to make the most of available tire and road
conditions.
... ...
Here's how anti-lock works. Let's say the road is wet.
You're driving safely. Suddenly a n animal jumps out in
front of you.
You slam on the brakes. Here's what happens with ABS.
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down.If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will
separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at the
rear wheels.
You can steer around the obstacle while braking hard.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
4-7
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need
to get your foot up to the brake pedal. If you get too
close to the vehicle in front of you, you won’t have time
to apply your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or
stops. Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even
though you have anti-lock brakes.
To Use Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down
and let anti-lock work for you. You may hear a motor or
clicking noise during a hard stop, but this is normal.
use i t again, you may re-engage the cruise control. (See
“Cruise Control” in the Index.)
TRACTION
OFF
When the system is on,
the TRACTION OFF
warning light will
come on to let you
know if there’s a
problem with your
traction control
system.
Traction Control System (Option)
Your vehicle may have a traction control system that
limits wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery
road conditions. The system operates only if it senses
that one or both of the front wheels are spinning or
beginning to lose traction. When this happens, the
system works the front brakes and reduces engine power
(by shutting off fuel injectors and managing engine
spark) to limit wheel spin.
You may feel the system working, or you may notice
some noise, but this is normal. If your vehicle is in
cruise control when the traction control system begins to
limit wheel spin, the cruise control will automatically
disengage. When road conditions allow you to safely
4-8
See “Traction Control System Warning Light” in the
Index. When this warning light is on, the system will not
limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The traction control system automatically comes on
whenever you start your vehicle. To limit wheel spin,
especially in slippery road conditions, you should
always leave the system on. But you can turn the
traction control system off if you ever need to. (You
should turn the system off if your vehicle ever gets stuck
in sand, mud, ice or snow. See “Rocking Your Vehicle”
i n the Index.)
To turn the system off,
press the TRACTION
CONTROL button on
the instrument panel to
the left of the steering
wheel.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assistbecause the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
The TRACTION OFF warning light will come on and
stay on. If the system is limiting wheel spin when you
press the button, the system won’t turn off right away. It
will wait until there’s no longer a currentneed to limit
wheel spin.
You can turn the system back on at any time by pressing
the button again. The TRACTIONOFF warning light
should go off.
Braking in Emergencies
Use your anti-lock braking system when you need to.
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver orbeginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves. The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve dependson the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed. While
you’re in a curve, speed is the one factor you can
control.
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve. Then
you suddenly accelerate. Both control systems -steering and acceleration -- have to do their work where
the tires meet the road. Unless you have traction control
and the system is on, adding the sudden acceleration can
demand too much of those places. You can lose control.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it
to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are
based on good weather and road conditions. Under less
favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
4-10
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and
find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You can
avoid these problems by braking -- if you can stop in
time. But sometimes you can’t; thereisn’t room. That’s
the time for evasive action -- steering around the
problem.
Your Buick can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes. It is better to remove as
much speed as you can from a possible collision. Then
steer around the problem, to the left or right depending
on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steerquickly, and
just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
Off-Road Recovery
You may find sometime that your right wheels have
dropped off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while
you’re driving.
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer
so that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement.
You can turn the steering wheel up to 1/4 turn until the
right front tire contacts the pavement edge. Then turn
your steering wheel to go straight down the roadway.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive drivingat
all times and wear safety belts properly.
edge of paved surface
~
Passing
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for justthe right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle onea two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, ora brief surrender to frustration or anger can
suddenly put the passing driver face toface with the
worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
a “Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides, and
to crossroadsfor situations that might affect your
passing patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever
about making a successful pass, waitfor a better time.
a Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings, and
lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might
indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass.
A broken center line usually indicates it’s all right to
pass (providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross
a solid line on your side of the lane or a double solid
line, even if the road seems empty of approaching
traffic.
4-12
.~
....
~ . ,
~
-
~
~
-
~~
~
~
~
Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass
while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one thing,
following too closely reduces your area of vision,
especially if you’re following a larger vehicle. Also,
you won’t haveadequate space if the vehicle ahead
suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a reasonable
distance.
When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and don’t
get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a
“running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for another opportunity.
If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
0
Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to seeits front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicleyou
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on
two-lane roads. Reconsider before passingthe next
vehicle.
0
Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or startingto turn.
0
If you’re being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you
can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the
tires meet the road to do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to steer
and constantly seek an escape route or area
of less
danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skidsby taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not “overdriving”
those conditions. But skids are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your Buick’s
three control systems. In the braking skid your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causes tiresto slip and
lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid too
much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.
If you have the traction control system, remember:It
helps avoid only the acceleration skid.
4-13
If you do not have traction control, or if the system is
off, then an acceleration skid is also best handled by
easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.
Driving at Night
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot
off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the
vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your
vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a
second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel, or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to these
conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced trdction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration, or
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower
gear). Any sudden changes could causethe tires to slide.
You may not realize the surface is slippery until your
vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning clues -such as enough water, ice orpacked snow on the road to
make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow down when you
have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
4-14
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One
reason is that some drivers arelikely to be impaired -by alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems, or by
fatigue.
Here are some tips on night driving.
0
Drive defensively.
0
Don‘t drink and drive.
0
Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from headlamps behind you.
0
Since you can’t see as well, you may need to slow
down and keep more space between you and other
vehicles.
0
Slow down, especiallyon higher speed roads.Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
0
In remote areas, watch for animals.
0
If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place and
rest.
Night Vision
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase.A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twice as much light to see the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example. if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes will
have less trouble adjusting tonight. But if you’re
driving, don‘t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot
of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching lights. It
can take a second ortwo, or even several seconds, for
your eyes to readjust to the dark. When you are faced
with severe glare (as from a driver who doesn’tlower
the high beams, or a vehicle with misaimed headlamps),
slow down a little. Avoid staring directly into the
approaching lights.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness -- the inability to see in dim light -- and aren’t
even aware of it.
4-15
Driving in the Rain
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get
even less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for drivingon dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, aheavy rain
can make it harder to seeroad signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edge of the road, and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keepyour wiping equipment in good shape
and keep your windshield washer tank filled. Replace
your windshield wiper inserts when they show signs of
streaking or missing areas on the windshield, or when
strips of rubber start to separate from the inserts.
4-16
Driving too fastthrough large water puddles or even
going through some carwashe.s can cause problems,too.
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit them.
4-17
Hydroplaning
Some Other Rainy WeatherTips
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the water.
This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
0
Turn on your low-bean1 headlamps -- not just your
parking lamps -- to help nmke you more visible to
others.
0
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
0
Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See
“Tires” in the Index.)
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your
tires haven’t much tread or if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles, or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning. The
best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
4-18
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
0
Know the best way to get to where you are going.
Get a city map and plan your trip into an unknown
part of the city just as you would for a cross-country
trip.
Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most
large cities. You’ll save time and energy. (See the
next part. “Freeway Driving.”)
Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic light
is there because the corner is busy enough to need it.
When a light turns green, and just before you start to
move, check both ways for vehicles that have not
cleared the intersection or may be running the red
light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You‘ll want to watch out for
what the other driversare doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
4-19
Freeway Driving
I
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive the
at same
speed most of the other drivers&e driving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks a smoothtraffic flow. Treat the
left lane on a freeway as
a passing lane.
At the entrance there
is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you havea clear viewof the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to
check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to
to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close
the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check
as
your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you areon the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate
if it’s slower. Stay
in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways, Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over
YOU
expressways, turnpikes,or superhighways) are the safest shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
“blind” spot.
4-20
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper
lane well in advance. If you miss your exit do not. under
any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive on to the
next exit.
The exit rampcan be curved, sometimes quitesharply.
Buick dealerships all across North America. They'll be
ready and willing to help if you need it.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
0
Winclshielcl Wnslwr Fluid: Is the reservoir full? Are
all windows clean inside and outside?
0
Wiper Blcrd~s:Are they in good shape?
0
Fuel, Engine Oil, Orher Fluids.: Have you checked
all levels'?
0
Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
0
Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
recommended pressure?
0
Wkrther E'orecmts: What's the weather outlook
along your route'? Should you delay your trip a short
time to avoid a major storm system?
0
Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps'?
The exit speed is usually posted.
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your senseof motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds. you may tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
Before Leaving ona Long Trip
Make sure you're ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you're not fresh -- such as after a day's
work -- don't plan to make too many miles that first part
of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes you
can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it's ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you'll find experienced and able service expertsin
4-21
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and MountainRoads
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Callit
highway hypnosis, lack ofawareness, or whatever.
9.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with the
same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the road,
the drone of the engine, and the rush of the wind against
the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t let it happen
to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave the road in less
than a second, and you could crash and be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
0
Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
0
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to
the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
If you get sleepy, pull ofT the road into a rest, service,
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as
an emergency.
4-22
-
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there, here are some tipsthat can make
your trips saferand more enjoyable.
0
Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and alsothe brakes, tires, cooling system and
transaxle. These parts canwork hard on mountain
roads.
Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do someof the
slowing down. Shift toa lower gear when you go
down a steep or long hill.
0
Know how to go uphill. Shift down to THIRD (3).
This will help cool your engine and transaxle, and
you can climb the hill better.
0
Stay in your own lanewhen driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
0
As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could
be something in your lane, like a stalled car or an
accident.
0
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn or
special problems. Examplesare long grades, passing or
no-passing zones, a falling rocks area,or winding
roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.
4-23
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
0
'
Have your Buick in good shape for winter. Be sure
your engine coolant mix is correct.
YOUmay want to put winter emergency supplies in
your trunk.
4-24
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth, and a
couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will
be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag
of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure
these items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the
road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires andthe
road, you can have a very slippery situation. You’ll have a
lot less traction or “grip” and will need to be very careful.
What’s the worst time for this?“Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer the
least traction of all. You can get “wet ice” when it’s
about freezing(32°F; 0”C) and freezingrain begins to
fall. Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand
crews can get there.
Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed,blowing
or loose snow -- drive with caution.
If you have traction control, keep the system on. Itwill
improve your ability to accelerate when driving on a
slippery road. Even though your vehicle has a traction
control system, you’ll want to slow down and adjust
your driving to the road conditions. See “Traction
Control System” in the Index.
If you don’t have the traction control system, accelerate
gently. Try not to break the fragile traction. If you
accelerate too fast, the drive
wheels will spin and polish
the surface under the tires even more.
4-25
Your anti-lock brakes improve your ability to make a
hard stop on a slippery road. Even though you have the
anti-lock braking system, you’ll want to begin stopping
sooner than you would on dry pavement. See
“Anti-Lock” in the Index.
0
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
Allow greater following distance on any slippery
road.
Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an
otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings, or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve oran overpass may
remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If
you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually on
the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
things to do to summon help and keep yourself and your
passengers safe: Turn on your hazard flashers. Tie a red
cloth to your vehicle
to alert police that you’ve been
stopped bythe snow. Put onextra clothing or wrapa
blanket around you.If you have noblankets or extra
clothing, make body insulators from newspapers, burlap
bags, rags, floor mats-- anything you can wrap around
yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep
warm.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
Run your engine onlyas long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go
a little faster
than just idle. Thatis, push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuelfor the heat that you get and it keeps
the
battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to
restart the vehicle, and possibly
for signaling later on
with your headlamps.Let the heater run for awhile.
Then, shut the engineoff and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
4-27
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get
out of the vehicle and do somefairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
Loading Your Vehicle
FRT.
CTR.
TIRE-LOADING INFORMATION
VEHICLE CAP. WT.
RR.
TOTAL LBS.
pressures for the tires on your vehicle. It also gives you
important information about the number of people that
can be in your vehicle and the total weight that you can
carry. This weight is called the Vehicle Capacity Weight
and includes the weight of all occupants, cargoand all
nonfactory-installed options.
f
M F D BY GENERAL MOTORS CORP
GVWR GAWR FRT GAWR RR
DATE
MAX. LOADING & GVWR SAME AS VEHICLE
CAPACITY WEIGHT
XXX
COLD
TIRE
PRESSURE
TIRE
SPEED
SIZE
RTG
PSI/KPa
FRT.
RR.
SPA.
IF TIRES ARE HOT, ADD 4PS1/'28KPa
SEE OWNER'S MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL
INFORMATION
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE U.S. FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE
SAFETY, BUMPER, AND THEFT PREVENTION
STANDARDS IN EFFECT O N THE DATE OF
MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
L
I
/
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it
may properly carry. The Tire-Loading Information label
found on the rear edge of the driver's door tells you the
proper size, speed rating and recommended inflation
4-28
The other label is the Certification label, found on the
rear edge of the driver's door. It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle, called the GVWR
(Gross Vehicle Weight Rating). The GVWR includes the
weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for eitherthe front or rear
axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spread it
out. Don’tcarry more than 176 pounds (80 kilograms) in
your trunk.
If you put things inside your vehicle, like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else,they will go as fast as
the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly, or
if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
NOTICE:
Your warranty does not cover parts or
components that fail becauseof overloading.
4-29
Towing a Trailer
Your car can tow a trailer if it is equipped with the 3800
(L27) engine andproper trailer towing equipment. To
identify what the vehicle trailering capacity is for your
vehicle, you should read the information in “Weight of
the Trailer” that appears later in this section. But
trailering is different than just driving your vehicle by
itself. Trailering means changes in handling, durability,
and fuel economy. Successful, safetrailering takes
correct equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and that of
your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
NOTICE:
Pulling a trailer improperly can damage your
vehicle and result in costly repairs not covered by
your warranty.To pull a trailer correctly, follow
the advice in this part, and see your Buick dealer
for important information about towing a trailer
with your vehicle.
4-30
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies, and tires are forced to work harder
against the drag of the added weight. The engineis
required to operate at relatively higher speeds and under
greater loads, generating extra heat. What’s more, the
trailer adds considerably to wind resistance, increasing
the pulling requirements.
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
If you do, here are some important points.
Weight of the Trailer
There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but
also where you’ll be driving. A good source for this
information can be state or provincial police.
Consider using a sway control if your trailer will
weigh 2,000 pounds (900 kg) or less. You should
always use asway control if your trailer will weigh
more than 2,000 pounds (900 kg).
You can ask a hitch dealer about sway controls.
0
Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 1000 miles
( 1 600 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over50 mph (80 km/h) and
don‘t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
0
Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don’t drive faster than the maximum posted speed
for trailers (or no more than 55 mph (90 kndh)) to
save wear on your vehicle’s parts.
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than 1,000 pounds (450 kg),
unless you have the optional 3,000 pound ( I350 kg)
trailer towing package. But even that can be too heavy.
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude,road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull a
trailer are all important. And, it can also depend on any
spe.cial equipment that you have on your vehicle.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Assistance Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550.
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
I908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, OntarioL 1 H 8P7.
4-31
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total capacity
weight of your vehicle. The capacity weight includes the
curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you may carry in
it, and the people who will be riding in the vehicle. And
if you will tow a trailer, you must subtract the tongue
load from your vehicle’s capacity weight because your
vehicle will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading
Your Vehicle” inthe Index for more information about
your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
If you’re using a “dead-weight” hitch, the trailer tongue
(A) should weigh 10% of the total loaded trailer weight
(B). If you have a “weight-distributing” hitch, the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh 12% of the total loaded trailer
weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right
simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the
recommended pressure for cold tires. You’ll find these
numbers on the Certification label at the rear edge of the
driver’s door or see “Loading Your Vehicle” in the
Index. Then be sure you don’t go over the GVW limit
for your vehicle, including the weight of the trailer
tongue.
A
4-32
B
Hitches
Safety Chains
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by, and rough roads are a
few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Here are
some rules to follow:
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue
of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to the road
if it becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions
about safety chains may be provided by the hitch
manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety
chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always
leave just enough slack so you can turn with your rig.
And, never allow safety chains to drag on the ground.
0
If you’ll be pulling a trailer that, when loaded, will
weigh more than 2,000 pounds (900 kg), be sure to
use a properly mounted, weight-distributing hitch
and sway control of the proper size. This equipment
is very important for proper vehicleloading and
good handling when you’re driving.
0
Will you have to make any holes in the body of your
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch?If you do,
then be sure to seal the holes laterwhen you remove
the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon
monoxide (CO) from your exhaustcan get into your
vehicle (see “Carbon Monoxide”in the Index). Dirt
and water can, too.
0
The bumpers on your vehicle are not intended for
hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to them. Use only a
frame-mounted hitch that does not attach to the
bumper.
Trailer Brakes
If your trailer weighs morethan 1,000 pounds (450 kg)
loaded, then it needs its own brakes -- and they must be
adequate. Be sure toread and follow the instructions for
the trailer brakes so you’ll be able to install, adjust and
maintain them properly. Because you have anti-lock
brakes, do not try to tap into your vehicle’s brake
system. If you do, both brake systems won’t work well,
or at all.
4-33
Driving with a Trailer
Following Distance
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as you
would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This
can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking
and sudden turns.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains,electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes
are still working.
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re agood deal
longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if
possible, have someone guideyou.
Making Turns
1 NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailerto come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns
than normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft
shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees, or other objects.
Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well in
advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When towing a trailer, the green arrows on your
instrument panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on
the trailer are burned out. Thus,you may think drivers
behind you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s
important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear befiwe you start
down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down to THIRD (3) and
reduce your speed to around 45 mph (70 km/h) to
reduce the possibility of engine and transaxle
overheating.
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle has to have a
different turn signal flasher and extra wiring. The green
arrows on your instrument panel will flash whenever
you signal a turn or lane change.Properly hooked up,
the trailer lamps will also flash, telling other drivers
you’re about to turn, change lanes or stop.
4-35
Parking on Hills
You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer
attached, on a hill. If something goeswrong, your rig
could start to move. People can be injured, and both
your vehicle and the trailer can be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet.
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
I. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
Start your engine;
Shift into a gear; and
Release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
2. Have someone place chocksunder the trailer wheels.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorbthe load.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking
brake, and then shift to PARK (P).
5 . Release the regular brakes.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for more
on this. Things that are especially important
in trailer
operation are automatic transaxle fluid (don’t overfill),
engine oil, belts, cooling system, and brake adjustment.
Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index will
help you find them quickly. If you’re trailering, it’s a good
idea to review these sections before youstart your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts are
tight.
4-36
Section 5 Problems on theRoad
Hazard Warning Flashers
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police k n o w you have a problem. Your front and
rear turn signal lamps will flash o n and off.
~
Press the button i n to make
y o u r front and rear turn
signal lamps flash on and
Your hazard warning flashers wo rk n o matter what
position your key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.
5-1
F
To turn off the flashers, pull
out on the collar.
A CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be dangerous
because:
0 They contain acid that can burnyou.
They contain gas that canexplode or ignite.
0 They contain enough electricityto burn
you.
If you don’t follow these steps exactly, someor all
of these things canhurt you.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn
signals won’t work.
Other WarningDevices
NOTICE:
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (1 00 m) behind your
Ignoring these steps could result in costly damage
to your vehicle that wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty.
Trying to start your Buick by pushing or pulling
it won’t work, and it could damage yourvehicle.
vehicle.
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
Buick. But please follow the steps below to do it safely.
5-2
To Jump Start Your Buick
1. Check the other vehicle.It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
3. Turn off the ignitionon both vehicles. Turnoff the
radios and alllights that aren’t needed. This will
avoid sparks and help save both batteries. It could
save your radio!
NOTICE:
NOTICE:
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a
negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged.
If’you leave your radio on, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered
by
your warranty.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so
the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure
the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If theyare, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want.You wouldn’t be able to
start your Buick, and
the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
I
I
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries.
Find the positive(+) and negative(-) terminals on
each battery.
You could be injured if the vehicles
roll. Set the
parking brake firmlyon each vehicle. Put an
automatic transaxle inPARK (P) or a manual
transaxle inNEUTRAL (N).
5-3
5. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock
and the vehicles could be damaged.
Before you connect the cables, here are some basic
things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) and negative (-) will go to negative (-)
or a metal engine part. Don’t connect (+) to (-) or
you’ll get a short that would damage the battery and
maybe other parts, too.
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure
;you
badly, Keep your hands away from moving parts.
once the engines are running,
5-4
6. Connect the red positive
(+) cable to the positive
(+) terminal of the
vehicle with the dead
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
7. Don’t let the other end
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
8. Now connect the
black negative (-)
cable to the good
battery’s negative
(-) terminal.
Don’t let the other end touch anything until the next
step. The otherend of the negative cable doesn’t go
to the dead battery. It goes to a heavy unpainted
metal part on the engine of the vehicle with the dead
battery.
5-5
9. Attach the cable at least
18 inches (45 cm) away
from the dead battery,
but not near engine parts
that move. The electrical
connection is just as
good there, but the
chance of sparks getting
back to the battery is
much less.
12. Remove the cables in reverse order to prevent
electrical shorting. Take care that they don't touch
each other or any other metal.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
11. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery.
If it won't start after a few tries, it probably needs
service.
DEAD BATTERY
Remove cables in this order.
5-6
Towing Your Vehicle
Try to have a GM dealer or a professional towing
service tow your Buick. The usual towing equipment is
a sling-type (A) or a wheel-lift (B) or car carrier (C) tow
truck.
Before you do anything, turn on the hazard warning
flashers.
When you call, tell the towing service:
That your vehicle has front-wheel drive.
The make, model, and year of your vehicle.
0
Whether you can still move the shift lever.
If there was an accident, what was damaged.
When the towing service arrives,let the tow operator
know that this manual contains detailed towing
instructions and illustrations. The operator may want to
see them.
If your vehicle has been changed or modified since it
was factory-new by adding aftermarket items like fog
lamps, aero skirting, orspecial tires and wheels, these
instructions and illustrationsmay not be correct.
5-7
Don’t have your vehicle towed on the front wheels,
unless you must. If the vehicle must be towed on the
front wheels, don’t go more than 55 mph (88 kph) or
farther than 500 miles (800 km) or your transaxle will
be damaged. If these limits must be exceeded, then the
front wheels have to be supported on a dolly.
When your vehicle is being towed, have the ignition key
off. The steering wheel should be clamped in a
straight-ahead position, with a clamping device
designed fortowing service. Do not use the vehicle’s
steering columnlock for this. The transaxle should be in
NEUTRAL (N) and the parking brake released.
5-8
Front Towing Hookups
Attach T-hook chains behind the front wheels,into the
bottom slots of the cradle rails, on both sides.
Position a 4” x 4” wood beam across the sling chains
contacting the bottom of the radiator support. Position
the lower sling crossbarjust under the front bumper.
Attach a separate safety chain around the outboard end
of each lower control arm.
5-9
Rear Towing Hookups
TOW LIMITS - 55 MPH (88 KPH), 500 MILES
(800 KM)
Attach T-hook chains to the slots in the bottom of the
floor pan support rails, just ahead of the rear wheels on
both sides.
Position the lower sling crossbardirectly under the rear
fascia. A 4” x 4” wood beam is NOT needed.
Attach a separate safety chain around the outboard end
of each lower control arm.
5-10
Engine Overheating
You will find the warning light about
a hot engineon your
instrument panel.If you have the optional gagecluster,
you may also have a coolant temperature warning gage.
If Steam Is Coming FromYour Engine
I NOTICE:
If your engine catches fire because you keep
driving with no coolant, your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
I
If you get the overheat warningbut see orhear no
steam, theproblem may not be too serious. Sometimes
the engine can geta little toohot when you:
0 Climb a long hill on a hot day.
0 Stop after high speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
5-11
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this fora minute or so:
Cooling System
1. Turn off your air conditioner.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the window as necessary.
3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL(N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while driving -AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (0)
or THIRD(3).
If you no longer have the overheatwarning, you can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower forabout ten minutes.
If the warning doesn’t come back on, you can drive
normally.
If the warning continues,pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, you can idle the engine
for two orthree minutes while you’re parked, to see if
the warning stops. But then, if you still have the
warning, turn oflthe engine and get everyone out of the
vehicle until it cools down.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
5-12
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
0
Coolant recovery tank
Radiator pressure cap
Electric engine fans
The coolant level should be at or above FULL COLD. If
it isn’t, you may have a leak in the radiator hoses, heater
hoses, radiator, water pump orsomewhere else inthe
cooling system.
If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down.
NOTICE:
I
Engine damagefrom running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on check to
see if the electric engine fan(s)are running. If the engine
is overheating, both fan(s) should be running. If they
aren’t, your vehicle needs service.
5-13
How to Add Coolant tothe Coolant
Recovery Tank
If‘you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level
isn’t atFULL COLD, add a 50/50 mixture of clean water
(preferably distilled) and a proper antifreeze at the coolant
recovery tank. (See “Engine Coolant”in the Index for
mix.)
more infomation about the proper coolant
I
5-14
I NOTICE:
In cold weather, water can freeze and crack the
engine, radiator, heater core and other parts. Use
the recommended coolant.
A CAUTION:
A CAUTION:
You can be burnedif you spillcoolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts arehot
enough. Don't spill coolanton a hot engine.
Steam and scalding liquids
from a hot cooling
system can blow out andburn you badly. They are
under pressure, andif you turn the radiator
pressure cap even a little they can come out at
high speed. Never turn the cap when the cooling
system, including theradiator pressurecap, is hot.
Wait for the cooling systemand radiator pressure
cap to cool if you ever haveto turn the pressurecap.
When the coolant in the coolant recovery tank is at
FULL COLD, start your vehicle.
I f the overheat warning continues, there's one more
thing you can try. You can add the proper coolant m i x
directly to the radiator but be sure the cooling system is
cool before you do it.
--
0-
5-15
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator
1. You can remove the radiator pressure cap when the
cooling system, including theradiator pressure cap
and upper radiator hose, is no longer hot. Turn the
pressure cap slowly to the left until it first stops.
(Don’t press down while turning the pressure cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
5-16
2 . Then keep turning
the pressure cap,
but now push down
as you turn it.
Remove the
pressure cap.
3. Fill the radiator
with the proper
mix, up to the base
of the filler neck.
6. Start the engine
and let it run until
you can feel the
upper radiator hose
getting hot. Watch
out for the engine
fans.
4. Then fill the coolant recovery tank to FULL COLD.
7. By this time the coolant level inside the radiator
filler neck may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper mix through the filler neck until
the level reaches the base of the filler neck.
5. Put the cap back on the coolant recovery tank, but
leave the radiator pressure cap off.
5-17
8. Then replace the
pressure cap. At
any time during
this procedure if
coolant begins to
flow out of the
filler neck, reinstall
the pressure cap.
If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusualfor a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak slowlf’
out
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot
off the
accelerator pedal andgrip the steering wheelfirmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, then gently brake to a
stop well outof the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much
like a
skid and may require
the same correction you’d usein a
skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot
from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to Itgo.
may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop, well
off the roadif possible.
If a tire goesflat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change flat
a tire safely.
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goesflat, avoid further tireand wheel damage
by driving slowlyto a level place.Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
you how to use thejack and
The following steps will tell
change a tire.
5-19
The equipment you’ll need is in the trunk.
5-20
Start with thejack and
wheel wrench.
If your vehiclehas a wheel
cover, remove it by using
the flat end of the wheel
wrench.
Pry along the edge of the wheel cover until it comes off.
Be careful, the rim edges may be sharp. Don’t try to
remove it with your bare hands.
If your vehicle has an aluminum wheel with a center
cover, remove it by using the flat end of the wheel
wrench to access the wheel nuts.
(Note: When replacing any wheel cover, carefully line
up the tire valve stem and the notch in the wheel cover.)
5-21
If your vehicle has this
aluminum wheel, you may
have plastic wheel nut caps.
Use the wheel nut wrench to
remove the wheel nut caps
and to loosen the wheel
nuts.
When reinstalling the decorative nut caps, tighten the
caps snug with the wheel wrench, then continue 1/8
rotation for steel caps and 1/4 rotation for plastic caps.
If your vehicle has wire
wheel covers, remove them
as follows:
5-22
Use the wire wheel key
wrench to remove the wheel
cover.
Using the flat end of the key
wrench handle, between the
wire wheel cover and the
center cap,pry off the
center cap.
-
Remove thetheft deterrent
wheel nut, by placing the
key end of the wire wheel
key wrench over the nut and
turning it to the left.
Pull off the wire wheel cover. Note: When replacing the
wheel cover, carefully line up the tire valve stem and the
notch in the wheel cover.
Using the wheel wrench, loosen all the wheel nuts.
Don't remove them yet. Next, attach the wheel wrench
to the bolt on the end of the jack. Raise the jack a little
by rotating the wheel wrench clockwise (to the right).
5-23
Position the jack under the
vehicle. There is a notch in
the frame near each of the
wheels. Fit the top of the
jack into the notch nearest
the wheel with the flat tire.
The jackhandle has markings at 8” for the rear; 10” for
the front to help you locate the jack notches in the
frame.
5-24
Remove all the wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
Raising your vehicle with the
jack improperly
positioned will damage the vehicle or mayallow
the vehicle to fall off thejack. Be sure to fit the
jack lift head into the proper location before
raising your vehicle.
Raise the vehicle by rotating the wheel wrench
clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough off the ground
so there is enough room for the spare tire t o fit.
5-25
Place the spare on the wheel
mounting surface.
Replace the wheel nuts with
the rounded end of the nuts
toward the wheel. Tighten
each nut by hand until the
wheel is held against the
Never use oil or greaseon studs or nuts. If y6U
do,.the nuts might come loose.
Your wheel could
fall off, causing a serious accident.
5-26
Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a criss-cross
sequence as shown.
Lower the vehicleby rotating the wheel wrench
counterclockwise. Lowerthe jack completely.
5-27
Don’t try to put a wheel cover on your compact spare
tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel cover in the trunk until
you have the flat tire repaired or replaced.
NOTICE:
Wheel covers won’tfit on your compact spare.If
you try to put a wheel coveron your compact
spare, you could damage the cover
or the spare.
Now secure all the equipment back into the trunk
storage area. Follow the diagram on the spare tire cover.
5-28
Compact Spare Tire
Don’t use your compact spareon some other vehicle.
Although the compact sparewas fully inflated when
your vehicle was new, it can lose air aftera time. Check
the inflation pressure regularly. It should be 60 psi
(420 kPa). After installing the compact spare on your
vehicle, you should stop assoon as possible and make
sure your spare tireis correctly inflated. The compact
spare is made to perform well at posted speed limits for
distances up to 3,000 miles ( 5 000 km), so you can
finish your tripand have your full-size tirerepaired or
replaced where you want. Of course, it’s best to replace
your spare with a full-size tire assoon as you can. Your
spare will last longer and be in good shape in case you
need it again.
And don’t mix your compact spareor wheel with other
wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spareand its
wheel together.
I
I NOTICE:
Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare. Using
them will damage your vehicle and destroy the
chains too. Don’t use tire chains on your compact
spare.
NOTICE:
Don’t take yourcompact spare throughan
automatic car wash with guide rails. The
compact spare can get caught on the rails. That
can damage the tire andwheel, and maybe other
parts of your vehicle.
5-29
If You’re Stuck: In Sand,Mud, Ice or
Snow
What you don’t want to do when your vehicle is stuck is
to spin your wheels too fast. The method known as
“rocking” can help you get out when you’re stuck, but
you must use caution.
I NOTICE:
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your
vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the wheels
too fast while shifting your transaxle back and
forth, you can destroy your transaxle.
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains” in the Index.
Rocking your vehicle to get it out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. If your vehicle
has traction control, you should turn the system off. (See
“Traction Control System” in the Index.) Then shift
back and forth between REVERSE (R) and a forward
gear, spinning the wheels as little as possible. Release
the accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly
on the accelerator pedal when the transaxle is in gear. If
that doesn’t get you out after afew tries, you may need
to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out, see
“Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
5-30
I
Section 6 Service and Appearance Care
Here you will find information about the care of your
Buick. This section begins with service and fuel
information, and then it shows how to check important
fluid and lubricant levels. Thereis also technical
information about your vehicle, and a part devoted to its
appearance care.
Service
Your Buick dealer knowsyour vehicle best and wants
you to be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your
dealer for all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM
parts and GM-trained and supported service people.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
PI
Delco
6-1
Doing Your Own Service Work
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll
want to get the proper Buick Service Manual. It tells you
much more about how to service your Buick than this
manual can. To order the proper service manual, see
“Service Publications” in the Index.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Buick” in the Index.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See “MaintenanceRecord” in the Index.
NOTICE:
If you try to do your own service work without
knowing enough about it,your vehicle could be
damaged.
>
6-2
Fuel
Use regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octaneor
higher. It should meet specifications ASTM D4814 in
the United States and CGSB 3.5-92 in Canada. These
fuels should have the proper additives, SO you should not
have to add anything to the fuel.
In the United States and Canada, it’s easy to be sure you
get the right kind of gasoline (unleaded).You’ll see
UNLEADED right on the pump. And only unleaded
nozzles will fit into your vehicle’s filler neck.
Be sure the posted octane is at least 87. If the octane is
less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking noise when
you drive. If it’s bad enough, it can damageyour engine.
If you’re using fuel rated at 87 octane or higher and you
still hear heavy knocking, your engineneeds service.
But don’t worry if you hear a little pinging noise when
you’re accelerating or driving up a hill. That’s normal,
and you don’t have tobuy a higher octane fuel to get rid
of pinging. It’s the heavy, constant knock that means
you have a problem.
What about gasoline with blending materials that
contain oxygen (oxygenates), such as MTBE or alcohol?
MTBE is “methyl tertiary-butyl ether.” Fuel that is no
more than 15% MTBE is fine for your vehicle.
Ethnnol is ethyl or grain alcohol. Properly-blended fuel
that is no more than 10% ethanol is fine for your
vehicle.
M e t h z o l is methyl or wood alcohol.
NOTICE:
Fuel that is more than 5% methanol is bad for
your vehicle. Don’t use it. It can corrode metal
parts in your fuel system andalso damage plastic
and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t be
covered under your warranty. And even
at 5% or
less, there must be “cosolvents”and corrosion
preventers in this fuel tohelp avoid these
problems.
6-3
Gasolines for Cleaner Air
Fuels in Foreign Countries
Your use of gasoline with deposit control additives will
help prevent deposits from formingin your engine and
fuel system. That helps keep your engine in tune and
your emission control system working properly. It’s
good for your vehicle, and you’ll be doing your part for
cleaner air.
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
U.S. or Canada, unleaded fuel may be hard to find. Do
not use leaded gasoline. If you use even one tankful,
your emission controls won’t work well or at all. With
continuous use, spark plugs can get fouled, the exhaust
system can corrode, and your engine oil can deteriorate
quickly. Your vehicle’s oxygen sensor will be damaged.
All of that means costly repairs that wouldn’t be covered
by your warranty.
Many gasolines are now blended with oxygenates.
General Motors recommends that you use gasolines with
these blending materials, such as MTBE and ethanol. By
doing so, you can help clean the air, especially in those
parts of the country that have high carbon monoxide
levels.
In addition, some gasoline suppliers are now producing
reformulated gasolines. Thesegasolines are specially
designed to reduce vehicle emissions. General Motors
recommends that you use reformulated gasoline. By
doing so, you can help clean the air, especially in those
parts of the country that have high ozone levels.
You should ask your service station operators if their
gasolines contain deposit control additives and
oxygenates, and if they have been reformulated to
reduce vehicle emissions.
6-4
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you’ll be driving.
You can also write us at the following address for
advice. Just tell us where you’re going and give your
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation,
North American Export Sales (NAES)
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, OntarioL1 H 8P7
Filling Your Tank
The cap is behind a hinged door on the left side of your
vehicle.
A CAUTION:
Gasoline vaporis highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don% smoke if you’re near gasoline or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames, and smoking
materials awayfrom gasoline.
Place the cap on the inner most edge and turn as
necessary to secure.
While refueling, hang the cap inside the fuel door.
To take off the cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise).
6-5
NOTICE:
If you need a new cap, be sure
to get the right
If you get
type. Your dealer can get one for you.
the wrong type, it may notfit or have proper
venting, and yourfuel tank and emissions system
might be damaged.
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Buick” in the Index.
When you put the cap back on, turn it to the right until
you hear at least three clicks.
6-6
Checking Things Underthe Hood
Hood Release
.
..
Then go to the front of the
vehicle and release the
secondary hood latch.
To open the hood, first pull
the handle inside the
vehicle.
It is located on the lower left side of the instrument
panel, next to the parking brake. When you pull this
handle the hood latch will release.
The hood latch is located
under the hood, near the
center, and at the front edge
of the grille.
Lift up on this lever as you
lift up on the hood.
6-7
Engine Accessory Belt
A
I
,Keephands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
D
The 3800 (L27) engine uses an engine accessory belt.
This diagram shows the features connected by the belt
routing. See “Maintenance Schedule” in the Index for
when to check the belt.
Before closingthe hood, be sure all the filler caps are on
properly.
Then pull the hood down and close it firmly.
6-8
A. Power Steering
D. Air Conditioner
B. Crank
E. Alternator
C. Coolant Pump
E Tensioner
Engine Oil
CHECK
OIL LEVEL
If the CHECKOIL
LEVEL light on the
instrument panel comes
on, it means you need to
check your engine oil level
right away.
For more information,see CHECK OIL LEVEL in the
Index. You should check your engineoil level regularly;
this isan added reminder.
The engine oil dipstickis
directly behind the engine
fan.
Turn off the engine and give the
oil a few minutes to
drain backinto the oil pan.If you don't, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual level.
It's a goodidea to check your engine
oil every time you
the oil must
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading,
be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
6-9
To Check Engine Oil
When to Add Oil
Pull outthe dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
If the oil is at or below the ADD line, then you’ll need
to add some oil. But you must use the right kind. This
part explains what kind of oil to use. For crankcase
capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications” in the
Index.
a
k
NOTICE:
Don’t add too much oil. your
If engine hasso
much oil that the oil level gets above the
cross-hatched area that shows the proper
operating range, your engine could be damaged.
Use the engine oil fill cap next to the oil dipstick to add
oil.
Just fill it enough to put the level somewhere in the
proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
6-10
What Kind of Oil to Use
Oils of the proper quality for your vehicle can be
identified by looking for the “Starburst” symbol. The
“Starburst” symbol indicates t l u t the oil has been
certified by the American Petroleum Institute (API), and
is preferred for use in your psoline engine.
RECOMMENDEU SAE VISCOSITY GRADE.ENGINE
OILS
.
. .~
~.
~~
~
~~
FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COLD STARTING, SELECT THE LOWEST
SAE VISCOSITY GRADE OIL FOR THE EXPECTED TEMPERATURE RANGE.
-
_ _ ~
~~
~
.~
._~
LOOK
FOR MIS
SYMBOL
I f you change your own
oil, be sure you use oil that
has the “Starburst” symbol
on the front of the oil
container.
SAE low-30
PREFERRED
above 0°F
If you have your oil changed for you. be sure the oil put
into your engine is American Petroleum Institute
certified for gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle. as shown i n the following chart:
SAE 5W-30
(-WC)
00 NOT USE SAE 2OW-50 OR ANY OTHER
GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENOE0
6-11
As shown in the chart on the previous page, SAE
1OW-30 is best for your vehicle. However, you can use
SAE 5W-30 if it’s going to be colder than 60°F (16°C)
before your next oil change. When it’s very cold, you
should use SAE SW-30. These numbers on an oil
container show its viscosity, or thickness. Do not use
other viscosity oils, such as SAE 20W-SO.
NOTICE:
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute CertifiedFor Gasoline Engines
“Starburst” symbol. Failure to use the proper oil
can result in engine damage not covered
by your
warranty.
GM Goodwrench’ oil (in Canada, GM Engine Oil)
meets all the requirements for your vehicle.
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil. Your Buick dealer is
ready to adviseif you think something should be added.
When to Change Engine Oil
See if any one of these is true for you:
0
Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km).
This is particularly important when outside
temperatures are below freezing.
0
Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
driving in stop and go traffic).
0
Most trips are through dusty areas.
a You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top of
your car.
If any one of these is true for yourvehicle, then you
need to change your oil and filter every 3,000 miles ( 5
000 km) or 3 months -- whichever comes first. (See
“Change Oil Indicator’’ in the Index.)
If none of them is true, change the oil and filter every
7,500 miles ( 12 500 km) or 12 months -- whichever
comes first.
(See “Change Oil Indicator” in the Tndex.)
Engine Coolant Heater
Air Cleaner
An engine coolant heater can be a big help if you have
to park outside in very cold weather, 0°F (- 1 SOC) or
colder. If your vehicle has this option, see “Engine
Coolant Heater” in the Index.
What to Do with Used Oil
Did you know that used engine oil contains certain
elements that may be unhealthy for your skin and could
even cause cancer? Don’t letused oil stay on your skin
for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw
away clothing or rags containing used engine oil. (See
the manufacturer’s warnings about the use and disposal
of oil products.)
Used oil can be a real threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all free-flowing oil
from the filter before disposal. Don’t ever disposeof oil
by putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into
sewers, or into streams or bodies of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used oil. I f
you have a problem properly disposing of your used oil,
ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling
center for help.
The air cleaner and filter are located on the driver’s side
of the engine compartment.To check or replacethe
filter, undo the wing screws and pull the air cleaner
open. Replace the filter, then close the cover and tighten
the wing screws.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
replace the air filter.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services“ i n the Index.
6-13
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
When to Check and Change
A good time to check your automatic transaxle fluid
level is when the engineoil is changed. Refer to the
Maintenance Schedule to determine when to change
your fluid. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services”in the
Index.
How to Check
Because this operationcan be a little difficult, you may
choose to have this done at your Buick dealer Service
Department.
NOTICE:
If the air cleaner isoff, a backfire can causea
damaging engine fire. And,
dirt can easily get
into your engine, whichwill damage it.Always
have the air cleaner in place when you’re driving.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow
all the
instructions here, or you could get a false reading
the on
dipstick.
NOTICE:
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transaxle. Too much can mean that some of the
fluid could comeout andfall on hot engineparts
or exhaust system parts, startinga fire. Be sure to
get an accurate reading if you check your
transaxle fluid.
6-14
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid level if you have been driving:
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these
steps:
When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32°C).
0
0
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading,the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature,which is 180°Fto 200°F (82°C
to 93°C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above50°F
( 10°C). If it's colder than 50"F ( 1O"C), you may have
to drive longer.
To check the fluid level
Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the engine
running.
With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
1 . Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or
paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through eachgear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
0
Let the engine run at idle for three to fiveminutes.
6-15
How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transaxle tluid t o use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper
fluid to bring the level i n t o the cross-hatched area on the
dipstick.
I . Pull o u t the dipstick.
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the lower
level. The fluid level must be in the cross-hatched
area.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
6-16
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole t o bring it to the proper level. It doesn‘t
take much tluid, generally less than a pint (0.5L).
Dol7 ’t o\vrfi//. We recommend you use only fluid
labeled DEXRON@-111,because fluid with that label
is made especially for your automatic transaxle.
Damage caused by fluid other than DEXRON@-I11
is not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
0
After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “Howto Check.”
0
When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in a l l the way.
Engine Coolant
The following explains your cooling system and how to
add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem with
engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating”in the
Index.
A CAUTION:
The proper coolant for your
Buick will:
0
Give freezing protection down to -34°F (-37°C) .
0
Give boiling protection up to 262°F (128°C) .
0
Protect against rust and corrosion.
0
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
0
Let the warning lights work as they should.
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clearz water (preferably
distilled) and one-half antifreeze that meets “GM
Specification 1825M,” which won’t damage aluminum
parts. You can also use a recycled coolant conforming to
GM Specification 1825M with a complete coolant flush
and refill. If you use this mixture, you don’t need to add
anything else.
NOTICE:
If you use an improper coolant
mix, your engine
could overheat andbe badly damaged. The
repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much waterin the mix can freeze
and crack theengine, radiator, heater core and
other parts.
6-17
To Add Coolant
Adding Coolant
4
p
To Check Coolant
When your engine is cold, the coolant level should be at
FULL COLD or a little higher. When your engine is
warm, the level should be up to FULL HOT or a little
higher.
6-18
Radiator Pressure Cap
Power Steering Fluid
I NOTICE:
Your radiator cap is a 15 psi (105 kPa)
pressure-type capand must be tightly installed to
prevent coolant loss and possible engine damage
from overheating.Be sure the arrowson the cap
line up with the overflow tube on the radiator
filler neck.
When you replace your radiator pressure cap, an AC@
cap is recommended.
Thermostat
How To Check Power Steering Fluid
Engine coolant temperatureis controlled by a thermostat
in the engine coolant system. Thethermostat stops the
flow of coolant through the radiator until the coolant
reaches a preset temperature.
When the engine compartment is cool, unscrew the cap
and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag. Replace the cap
and completely tighten it. Then remove the cap again
and look at the tluid level on the dipstick.
When you replace your thermostat, an AC" thermostat
is recommended.
The level should be at the FULL COLD mark. Add
enough fluid to bring the level up to the mark.
A fluid loss in this system could indicate a problem.
Have the system inspected and repaired.
6-19
What to Add
To Add
Open the cap labeled
WASHER FLUID ONLY.
Add washer fluid until the
tank is full.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of fluid to use. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index.
NOTICE:
When adding power steering fluid or making a
complete fluid change, always use
the proper
fluid. Failure to use the proper fluid can cause
leaks and damage hosesand seals.
Windshield Washer Fluid
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has a sufficient
protection against freezing.
NOTICE:
0
When using concentrated washer fluid, follow the
manufacturer’s instructions for adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can causethe solution to freeze
and damage your washer fluidtank and
other parts of the washer system. Also,
water doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.
NOTICE: (Continued)
I
NOTICE: (Continued)
Fill your washer fluid tank only
3/4 full when it’s
very cold. This allows for expansion, which
could damage thetank if it is completely full.
Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your
windshield washer. It can damage your
washer system and paint.
Brakes
Brake Master Cylinder
Your brake master cylinder is here. It is filledwith
DOT-3 brake fluid.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in
your master cylinder might go down. The first is that the
brake fluid goes down to an acceptable level during
normal brake lining wear. When new linings are put in,
the fluid level goes back up. The other reason is that fluid
is leaking out of the brake system. If it is, you should
have your brake system fixed, since a leak means that
sooner or later your brakes won’t work well, or won’t
work at all. So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off’ your
brake fluid. Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If
you add fluid when your linings are worn, then you’ll
have too much fluid when you get new brake linings. You
should add (or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only
when work is done on the brake hydraulic system.
When your brake fluid falls toa low level, your brake
warning light will come on. A chime will sound if you
try to drive with this warning light on. See “Brake
System Warning Light” in the Index.
6-21
What to Add
Brake Wear
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3
brake fluid -- such as Delco Supreme 11 (GM Part
No. 1052535). Use new brake fluid from a sealed
container only, and always clean the brake fluid
reservoir cap before removing it.
Your Buick has front disc brakes and rear drum brakes.
@
NOTICE:
0
0
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads are
worn and new pads are needed. The sound may come
and go or be heard all the time your vehicle is moving
(except when you are pushing on the brake pedal
firmly).
Don’t let someone put in the wrong kind of
fluid. For example, just a few drops of
mineral-based oil, such as engine oil, in
your brake system can damagebrake
system parts so badly that they’ll have to be
replaced.
Brake fluid can damage paint,so be careful
not to spill brake fluid on yourvehicle. If
you do, wash it off immediately. See
‘(Appearance Care” in the Index.
I NOTICE:
Continuing to drivewith worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
6-22
Some driving conditions or climates
may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Your rear drum brakes don’t have wear indicators, but if
you ever hear a rearbrake rubbing noise, have the rear
brake linings inspected. Also, the rear brake drums
should be removed and inspected each time the tires are
removed for rotation or changing. When you have the
front brakes replaced, have the rear brakes inspected,
too.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Replacing Brake System Parts
The bralung system on a modem vehicle is complex. Its
many parts have to be of top quality and work well
together if the vehicle is to have really good braking.
Vehicles we design and test have top-quality GM brake
parts in them, as your Buick does when it is new. When
you replace parts of your braking system -- for example,
when your brake linings wear down andyou have to have
new ones put in -- be sure you get new genuine GM
replacement parts. If you don’t, your brakes may no
longer work properly. For example, if someone puts in
brake linings that are wrong for your vehicle, the balance
between your front and rear brakes canchange -- for the
worse. The braking performance you’ve come to expect
can change in many other ways if someone puts in the
wrong replacement brake parts.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you apply the brakes moderately, with or
without the vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.
6-23
Battery
Halogen Bulbs
Every new Buick has a Delco Freedom@battery. You
never have to add water to one of these. When it’s time
for a new battery, we recommend a Delco Freedom@
battery. Get one that has the replacement number shown
on the original battery’s label.
Vehicle Storage
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days or
more, take off the black, negative (-) cable from the
battery. This will help keep your battery from running
down.
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods.
Headlamp Bulb Replacement
Each headlamp is attached by retainers with round
plastic knobs. Remove the retainers by turning in a
counterclockwise direction.
Turn the bulb socket 114
turn counterclockwise,
while pressing it firmly.
Remove the wire connector from the bulb by lifting the
lock tab and pulling it away from the plastic base.
Lift the headlamp away from the car. Pull the bulb
socket straight out.
To install, attach the wire connector (A) to the plastic
base making sure the lock tab (B) is over the lock (C).
Install the bulb by putting the small tab (D) into the
small notch in the lamp (E). Turn the bulb socket 1/4
turn clockwise to lock it into place.
When reinstalling the headlamp assembly into the
headlamp mounting panel make sure the tab isproperly
engaged in the panel slot.
6-25
Taillamp Bulb Replacement
Open the trunk. Pull the carpet away from the rear area
to access the trunk taillamp bulbs.
Pull the bulb assembly straight out of the socket. Pull
the bulb straight out of the assembly. Replace the bulb
and reassemble.
6-26
To replace the trunk lid taillamp bulbs, pull the bulb
assembly straight out of the socket. Pull the bulb
straight out of the assembly. Replace the bulb and
reassemble.
Tires
We don’t make tires. Your new vehicle comes with high
quality tires made by a leading tire manufacturer. These
tires are warranted by the tire manufacturers and their
warranties are deliveredwith every new Buick. If your
spare tireis a different brand than your road tires, you
will have a tirewarranty folder from eachof these
manufacturers.
6-27
Inflation - Tire Pressure
The Tire-Loading Information label which is on the rear
edge of the driver’s door shows the correct inflation
pressures for your tires, when they’re cold. “Cold”
means your vehicle has been sitting for at least three
hours or driven no more than a mile.
NOTICE:
Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation or
overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation) you can
get:
Too much flexing
0 Too much heat
Tire overloading
Bad wear
Bad handling
Bad fuel economy.
NOTICE: (Continued)
6-28
NOTICE: (Continued)
If your tireshave too much air (overinflation),
you can get:
Unusual wear
Bad handling
0 Rough ride
Needless damage from road hazards.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more.
Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It should be at
60 psi (420 kPa).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. Simply looking at the tires will not tell you the
pressure, especially if you have radial tires -- which
may look properly inflated even if they’re underinflated.
If your tires have valve caps, be sure to put them back
on. They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and
moisture.
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be inspected every 6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 000 to 13 000 km) for any signs of unusual wear. If
unusual wear is present, rotate your tires as soon as
possible and check wheel alignment. Also check for
damaged tires or wheels. See “When it’s Time for New
Tires” and “Wheel Replacement” later in this section for
more information.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear forall tires on the vehicle. The first
rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services” in the Index for scheduled
rotation intervals.
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and rear
inflation pressures as shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label. Make certain that all wheel nuts are
properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” in the Index.
When it’s Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires have
only 1/16 inch ( I .6 mm) or
less of tread remaining.
You need a new tire i f
You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
You can see cord or fabric showing through the tire’s
rubber.
The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
6-30
The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
The tire has a puncture, cut, or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size orlocation
of the damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Tire-Loading Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way,
your vehicle will continue to havetires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rateof the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course. For
example, a tire graded150 would wear one and a half
(1 1/2) times as well onthe government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends
upon the actual conditionsof their use, however, and
may depart significantly from
the norm due to variations
in driving habits, service practices and differences in
road characteristics and climate.
-
Traction A, B, C
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This
applies onlyto vehicles sold in the United States.)
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are:
A, B,
and C . They represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet
pavement as measured under controlled conditions on
specified government test surfacesof asphalt and
concrete. A tire marked
C may have poor traction
performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire
is based
on braking (straight-ahead) traction tests and does not
include cornering (turning) traction.
6-31
-
Temperature A, B, C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C ,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and
excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109. Grades
B and A represent higher levels of perfornlance on the
laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underintlation,or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
These grades aremolded on the sidewalls of passenger
car tires.
6-32
While the tires available as standard or optional
equipment on General Motors vehicles may vary with
respect to these grades, all such tires meet General
Motors performance standards and have been approved
for use on General Motors vehicles. All passenger type
(P Metric) tires must conform to Federal safety
requirements in addition to these grades.
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
In most cases, you will not need to have your wheels
aligned again. However, if you notice unusual tire wear
or your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the
alignment may need to be reset. If you notice your
vehicle vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your
wheels may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
wheel bolts, and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your
Buick dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset, and be mounted the
same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts,
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel nuts for your Buick
model.
6-33
NOTICE:
The wrong wheel can also cause problems with
bearing life, brake cooling,
speedometer/odometer calibration, headlamp
aim, bumper height, vehicle ground clearance,
and tire or tire
chain clearanceto thebody and
chassis.
Used Replacement Wheels
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
Use tire chains only where legal and only when
you must. Use only SAE Class “S” type chains
that arethe proper size for your tires. Install
them on the fronttires and tighten them as
tightly as possible with the endssecurely
fastened. Drive slowly and follow the chain
manufacturer’s instructions. If you can hear the
chains contacting yourvehicle, stop and retighten
them. If the contactcontinues, slow down until it
stops. Driving too fast orspinning thewheels
with chains onwill damage yourvehicle.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flameif you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything froma container to clean your
Buick, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Gasoline
Naphtha
CarbonTetrachloride
0
PaintThinner
LacquerThinner
Nail PolishRemover
They can all be hazardous -- some more than others
and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Buick
Here are some cleaningtips:
Turpentine
0
0
Your Buick dealer has two GM cleaners, a solvent-type
spot lifter and a foam-type powdered cleaner. They will
clean normal spots and stains very well. Do not use
them on vinyl or leather.
Benzene
Acetone
0
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl or leather with a clean, damp cloth.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
0
Don’t useany of these unless this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
--
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean area
often. A soft brush may be used if stains are stubborn.
Use solvent-type cleaners in a well-ventilated area
only. If you use them, don’t saturatethe stained area.
If a ring forms afterspot cleaning, clean the entire
area immediately or it will set.
6-35
Using Foam-mpe Cleaner on Fabric
0
Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt.
0
Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask
surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
0
Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner followingthe
directions on the container label.
0
Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge.
0
Don’t saturate the material.
0
Don’t rub it roughly.
0
As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge
to remove the suds.
Using Solvent-Type Cleaner on Fabric
First, see if you have to use solvent-type cleaner at all.
Some spots and stains will clean off better with just
water and mild soap.
If you need to use a solvent:
0
Gently scrape excess soil from the trim material with
a clean, dull knife or scraper. Use very little cleaner,
light pressure and clean cloths (preferably
cheesecloth). Cleaning should start at the outside of
the stain, “feathering” toward the center. Keep
changing to a clean section of the cloth.
0
When you clean a stain from fabric, immediately dry
the area with a blow dryer to help prevent a cleaning
ring. (See the previous NOTICE.)
0
Rinse the section with a clean,wet sponge.
0
Wipe off what’s left with a slightly damp paper towel
or cloth.
Special Cleaning Problems
0
Then dry it immediately with a blow dryer or aheat
lamp.
Greasy or Oily Stains
NOTICE:
Such as grease, oil, butter, margarine, shoe polish,
coffee with cream, chewing gum, cosmetic creams,
vegetable oils, wax crayon, tar and asphalt.
Carefully scrape off excess stain.
Be careful.A blow dryer may scorch the fabric.
0
0
Wipe with a clean cloth.
6-36
Follow the solvent-type instructions described
earlier.
0
Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and asphalt will stain if
left on a vehicle seat fabric. They shouldbe removed
as soon as possible. Be careful,because the cleaner
will dissolve them and may cause them to spread.
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You
may have to do it more than once.
Non-Greasy Stains
0
Such as catsup, coffee (black), egg, fruit, fruit
juice,
milk, soft drinks, wine, vomit, urine and blood.
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if
you don't get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth and
a GM Vinyl/Leather Cleaner or equivalent product.
0
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
Cleaning Leather
0
If a stain remains, follow the foam-type instructions
described earlier.
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap.
0
If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine, treat
the area with a watedbaking soda solution:
I teaspoon ( 5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 mlj
of lukewarm water.
For stubborn stains, use a GM Vinyl/Leather Cleaner
or equivalent product.
0
If needed, clean lightly with solvent-type cleaner.
Combination Stains
0
Never- use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
0
Soiled leather should be cleaned immediately. If dirt
is allowed to work into finish, it can harm the
leather.
Such as candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili sauce and
unknown stains.
0
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then clean with
cool water and allow to dry.
0
If a stain remains, clean it with solvent-type cleaner.
6-37
Cleaning theTop of the Instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containingsilicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner(GM
Part No. 1050427) or a liquid household glass cleaner
will remove normal tobacco smoke and dust films.
6-38
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may
cause scratches. Avoid placing decals on the inside rear
window, since they may have to be scraped off later. If
abrasive cleaners areused on the inside of the rear
window, an electric defoggerelement may be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached across the
defogger grid.
Cleaning the Outsideof the
Windshield and Wiper Blades
Wiper blades should be checked on a regular basis and
replaced when worn.
Weatherstrips
Finish Care
Silicone greaseon weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean clothat least every six
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application may be required. (See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.)
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your Buick by
hand may be necessary to remove residuefrom the paint
finish. You can get GM approved cleaning products
from your dealer. (See “Appearance Careand Materials”
in the Index.)
Cleaning the Outsideof Your Buick
The paint finish on your vehicle provides
beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Your Buick has a “basecoatklearcoat”paint finish. The
clearcoat gives more depthand gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoatklearcoat paint
finish.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep
it clean by washing it often with lukewarm or cold water.
Don’t wash your vehiclein the direct rays of the sun.
Don’t use strong soapsor chemical detergents. Use
liquid hand, dish or carwashing (mild detergent) soaps.
Don’t use cleaning agentsthat are petroleum based,or
that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents
should be flushed promptly and not allowed todry on
the surface, or they could stain.Dry the finish with a
soft, clean chamois or a 100%cotton towel to avoid
surface scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter your
vehicle.
NOTICE:
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing on
a basecoatklearcoat paint finishmay dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
Foreign materials such BS calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals fromindustrial chimneys, etc. can
damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. If
necessary, use non-abrasive cleanersthat are marked
safe forpainted surfaces to remove foreignmatter.
6-39
Exterior painted surfaces aresubject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking
new by keeping your Buick garaged or covered
whenever possible-
Aluminum Wheels (If So Equipped)
Your aluminum wheels have a protective coating similar
to thepainted surface of your car. Don’t use strong
soaps, chemicals, chrome polish, abrasive cleaners or
abrasive cleaning brushes on them because you could
damage this coating. Afterrinsing thoroughly, a wax
may be applied.
I NOTICE:
If you have aluminum wheels, don’t use an
automatic car wash that has hard silicon carbide
cleaning brushes. These brushes can take the
protective coating off your aluminum wheels.
6-40
Tires
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner.
When applying a tire dressing always take care to wipe
off any overspray or splash from painted surfaces.
Petroleum-based products may damage the paint finish.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deepscratches in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into a major repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areasof finish damagecan be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemical Paint Spotting
Chemicals used for iceand snow removal and dust
control can collect on theunderbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on the
underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floorpan, and
exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
Some weather and atmospheric conditionscan create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms:blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into
the paint surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, Buick
will repair, at no charge to theowner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
I2 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever comes first.
At least every spring, flush thesematerials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debris can collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can do
this for you.
6-41
Appearance Care and Maintenance Materials
You can get thesefrom your GM Parts Department.
PART
NUMBER
SIZE
DESCRIPTION
USAGE
12345343
16 oz. (0.47313
GoodwrenchB Liquid Wax
Exterior polish
1052277
12 oz. (0.354L)
Spray-A-Squeak Silicone Grease
Weatherstrips, Stops squeaks
1052863
1 oz. (0.02Xkg)
1050172
16 oz. (0.4731)
Tar and Road Oil Remover
Also removes old waxes, polishes
1050173 Removes
16 oz. (0.4731)
and Polish
1050174
1050214
I
I
16 oz. (0.473L)
I
White Sidewall TireCleaner
I
Cleans white and black tires
32 oz. (0.946L)
I
Vinylneather Cleaner
I
Spot and stain removal
1050244
16 oz. (0.473L)
Fabric Cleaner
Spot and stain removal
1050427
23 oz. (0.680L)
Glass Cleaner
Also spot cleans vinyls
1050429
6 lbs. (2.72kg)
Multi-Purpose PowderedCleaner
Cleans vinyl and cloth, also, tires and mats
1052349
12 oz. (0.340kg)
Lubriplate (White Grease)
For hood, trunk, door hinges and latches
1051055
1051398*
I
I
16 oz. (0.473L)
6 oz. (0.237L)
321051515
oz. (0.946L)
1052870
16 oz. (0.473L:
I
I
Preservatone
Lifter
* Not recommended for pigskin suede leather.
See your General MotorsParts Departments for these products.
See your Maintenance Schedulefor other products.
6-42
rust and corrosion Chrome Cleaner
Spot
Washer Solvent
Wash-Wax (conc.)
I
I
Vinyl top dressing
For cloth
Windshield-washing system
Exterior wash
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label on the rear edgeof the driver’s
door. It’s very helpful if you ever need to order parts. On
this label is:
I
0
ENGINE/
YEAR
MODEL
CODE
1995
\ :FSEIBLY
I
0
This is the legal identifier for your Buick.
It appears on
a plate in the front cornerof the instrument panel, on the
driver’s side. You can see itif you look through the
windshield from outside yourvehicle. The VIN also
appears on theVehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The eighth character in your VIN is the engine code.
This code will help you identify your engine,
specifications, and replacement parts.
your VIN,
the model designation,
paint information, and
a list of all production options and special equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from thevehicle.
Add-on Electrical Equipment
I NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical to your Buick unless
you check with your dealer first. Some electrical
equipment can damage your vehicle and the
damage wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
Some add-on electrical equipment can keep other
components from working as they should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your Buick, see“Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick” .in the Index.
6-43
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in your car are protected from short
circuits by a combination of fuses and circuit breakers
The fuse panelis located under the instrument panel,
next to the parking brake.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Besure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating.
Remove the cover to access the fuses. To put the cover
on, insert the tabs into the lower part of the fuse panel
and snap it in place.
6-44
There are additional fuseslocated behind the right sound
insulator panel on the passenger side.If these require
service, seeyour Buick dealer.
Maxifuse/Relay Center
Windshield Wipers
To check the fusesin this underhood fusecenter, turn
the two knobs 1/4 turn counterclockwise and remove the
cover. The inside of the cover has a chart that explains
the features and controls governed by each fuseand
relay.
The windshield wiper motor is protected by a circuit
breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to
heavy
snow, etc., thewiper will stop until the motor cools. If
the overload is caused by some electricalproblem and
not snow, etc., be sure to get it fixed.
The PASS-Key fuse is located in the right side relay
center.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Headlamps
The headlamp wiring is protectedby a circuit breakerin
the light switch.An electrical overload will cause the
lamps to go on and off, or in some cases to remain off. If
this happens, haveyour headlamp wiring checkedright
away.
Circuit breakers in the fuse panel protect the power
windows and other power accessories.When the current
load is too heavy, the circuit breaker opens and closes,
protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed or goes
away.
6-45
Fuse Usage
-
Position
1
2
3
4
5
1A
1B
1c
1D
1E
2A
2B
2c
2D
2E
3A
3B
3c
3D
3E
4A
4B
4c
4D
4E
6-46
Circuitry
Power Window
Not Used
BRKR-Power Seats
Not Used
Not Used
SIR D E M C r a n k
Signal/Cornering/Back-up Lamps
SIR
Cluster/Telltale/Chime
Not Used
Spare
Spare
Spare
Spare
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Interior Illumination
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
-L=-
Position
SA
5B
5c
5D
SE
6A
6B
6C
6D
6E
7A
7B
7c
7D
7E
$A
8B
8C
8D
8E
9A
9B
9c
9D
9E
Circuitry
Uplevel HVAC/OiI LeveVLow Coolant
ABS
Transmission/Cooling Fans
Base HVAC
Not Used
Courtesy LampsPower Mirrors
Brake & Hazard Lamps
Park Lamps
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not used
Radio
Wiperwasher
Ash Tray/Cigar Lighter
Electronic Level Control
Radio/Ipnition
Not Used
Rear Window Defog
LeSabre Dimensions
SedanInterior Rear
Overall
Leg Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
200.0
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
73.6
Head Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37.8
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55.7
Shoulder Room .........................
58.9
Wheel Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 10.8
Hip Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
54.4
40.9
FrontTread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60.4
Trunk Capacity - Cu . Ft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.1
Rear Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60.2
Yassengers
Interior Front
Leg Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42.0
Head Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
39.3
Shoulder Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
59.1
Hip Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55.0
Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
Base Curb Weight- Lbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3423
(Inches Unless Otherwise Noted)
6-47
b
Replacement Bulbs
Exterior
Headlamp
HighBeam ..........................
9005
Low Beam ..........................
9006
Park/Turn .......................... 2057NA
Park ................................
194NA
194NA
Side Marker. Front ....................
Backup ..............................
1141
1156
Cornering ............................
1156
HighLevelStop .......................
License ...............................
194
Side Marker. Rear .......................
194
Tail ..................................
194
Tail/Stop/Turn .........................
2057
6-48
Replacement Bulbs
Interior
Bulb Number
Ashtray ..............................
161
168
Dome (Custom) ........................
DomeReading (Limited) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 563
Door Courtesy ......................
PC 168
Door Warning ......................
PC 168
Engine Compartment ....................
561
FootweU Courtesy ......................
168
IP Compartment ........................
194
LuggageCompartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Vanity Mirror .........................
7065
Headliner Side Rail (limited). . . . . . . . . . A3173B
Capacities and Specifications for Engine(L27) 3.8L V6
Belt Tensions
Automatically controlled by a Self-Tension idler pulley. Tension adjustment sIwuId never be nece:ssary.
Cooling System Capacity
With air conditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.5 liters
Crankcase Capacity
Oil change with filter change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.5 quarts
4.26 liters
Air Conditioning Capacity
R 1341Refrigermt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.0 Ibs.
.....................................
18 gallons
Drain and Refill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6 cluarts
Fuel Tank Capacity
Transaxle
5.7 L
NOTE: All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure to f i l l t o the appropriate level, as recommended
i n this tnanual.
6-49
Maintenance Items
I
Item
Air Conditioning Refrigerants
Part Number
Air Cleaner Element . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type A 1096C
Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GF627
Engine Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type PF47
PCV Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type CV892C
Radiator Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RC27
Spark Plug . . . . . . . . . AC Type 4 1 -60 1, GAP 0.060”
6-50
Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same. If the
air conditioning system in your vehicle needs
refrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant is used. If
you’re not sure, ask your Buick dealer. For additional
information, see your “Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information” booklet.
Section 7 MaintenanceSchedule
Introduction
IMPORTANT:
I
KEEP ENGINE OIL
AT THE PROPER
LEVEL AND CHANGE AS
RECOMMENDED
This section covers the maintenance required for your
Buick. Your vehicle needs these services to retain its
safety, dependability and emission control performance.
Protectiun
Ffan
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties.See your
Buick dealer for details.
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance or the
removal of important components can significantly
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or even the wrong tire inflation can increase the
level of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to help keep your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
How This Section is Organized
The remainder of this section is divided into five parts:
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services”shows
what to have done and how often. Some of these
services can be complex, so unless you are technically
qualified and have the necessary equipment, you should
let your dealer’sservice department or another qualified
service center dothese jobs.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services”tells you what
should be checked whenever you stop for fuel.It also
explains what you can easily do to help keep your
vehicle in good condition.
“Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections”explains
important inspections that your Buick dealer’s service
department or another qualified service centershould
perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”lists
some products GM recommends to help keep your
vehicle properly maintained. These products, or their
equivalents, should be used whether you do the work
yourself or have it done.
“Part E: Maintenance Record’’provides a place for
you to record the maintenance performed on your
vehicle. Whenever any maintenance is performed, be
sure to write it down in this part. This will help you
determine when your next maintenance should be done.
In addition, it is a good idea to keep your maintenance
receipts. They may be needed to qualify your vehicle for
warranty repairs.
If you are skilled enough to do some work on your
vehicle, you will probably want to get the service
information GM publishes. See “Service Publications”
in the Index.
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance
Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motorswant to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. Butwe don’t know
exactly how you’ll drive it. You may drive very short
distances only a few times a week. Or you may drive
long distances all the time in very hot, dusty weather.
You may use your vehicle in making deliveries.Or you
may drive it to work, todo errands or in many other
ways.
Because of all the different ways peopleuse their GM
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may even need
more frequent checks and replacements than you’ll find
in the schedules in this section. So please read this
section and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehiclein good
condition, see your Buick dealer.
This part tellsyou the maintenance services you should
have done and when you should schedule them. If you
go to your dealer for your serviceneeds, you’ll know
that GM-trained and supported servicepeople will
perform the workusing genuine GM parts.
The proper fluids and lubricants to use arelisted in
Part D. Make sure whoever services your vehicleuses
these. All parts should be replaced and all necessary
repairs done before you or anyone else drivesthe
vehicle.
These schedules are for vehicles
that:
0
carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limitson your vehicle’s
Tire-Loading Information label. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
0
are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
0
use the recommended unleaded fuel. See “Fuel” in
the Index.
Selecting the Right Schedule
First you’ll need to decide which of the two schedulesis
right for your vehicle. Here’s how to decide which
schedule to follow:
7-3
Maintenance Schedule
I Schedule I Definition
Follow Maintenance Schedule I if any one of these is
true foryour vehicle:
Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km).
This is particularly important when outside
temperatures are below freezing.
Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
driving in stop and go traffic).
0
Most trips are through dusty areas.
You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrieron top of
your car.
Schedule I should also be followed if the vehicle is used
for delivery service, police, taxi, or other commercial
application.
7-4
Schedule I Intervals
Every 3,000 Miles (5 000 km) or 3 Months,
Whichever Occurs First
Engine Oil and Filter Change
Every 6,000 Miles (10000 km) or 6 months,
Whichever Occurs First
Chassis Lubrication
At 6,000 Miles (10 000 km) Then Every
12,000 Miles (25 000 km)
Tire Rotation
Every 15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
Air Cleaner Filter Inspection, if driving in dusty
conditions
Every 30,000 Miles(50 000 km)
Air Cleaner Filter Replacement
Spark Plug Replacement
Spark Plug Wire Inspection
Fuel Tank, Cap and Lines Inspection
Engine Accessory Drive Belt Inspection (or every
24 months, whichever comes first)
Cooling System Service (or every 24 months,
whichever comes first)
Every 50,000 Miles(83 000 km)
Automatic Transaxle Service (severe conditions)
-
Maintenance Schedule
1 Schedule I1 Definition
Follow Schedule I1 only if none of the conditions from
Schedule 1 is true.
I
Every 7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
Engine Oil and Filter Change (or every 12 months,
whichever comes first)
Chassis Lubrication (or every 12 months, whichever
comes first)
At 7,500 Miles (12 500 km) Then Every 15,000
Miles (25 000 km)
Tire Rotation
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
Engine Accessory Drive Belt Inspection (or every
24 months, whichever comes first)
Cooling System Service (or every 24 months,
whichever comes first)
Spark Plug Replacement
Spark Plug Wire Inspection
Air Cleaner Filter Replacement
Fuel Tank, Cap and Lines Inspection
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
Automatic Transaxle Service (severe conditions)
-
7-5
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) should be performed after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals.
Footnotes
? The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to the
completion of vehicle useful life. We, however, urge that
all recommended maintenance services be performed at
the indicated intervals and the maintenance be recorded.
7-6
* If your vehicle has an Engine Oil Life Monitor, the
monitor will show you when to change the oil -- usually
between 3,000 miles ( 5 000 km) and 7,500 miles
(12 500 km) since your last oil change. Under severe
conditions the indicator may come on before
3,000 miles ( 5 000 km). Never drive your vehicle
more than 7,500 miles ( 12 500 km) or 12 months
without an oil change.
The system won’t detect dust in the oil. So if you
drive in a dusty area be sure to changeyour oil every
3,000 miles (5 000 km) or soonerif the CHANGE OIL
light comes on. Remember to reset the Oil Life Monitor
when the oil has been changed. For more information,
see “Engine Oil Life Monitor” in the Index,
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
3,000 Miles (5 000 km)
6,000 Miles (10 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Sewice. *
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation’’ in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
SERVICED B Y
7-7
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
9,000 Miles (15 000 km)
12,000 Miles (20 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
0Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
DATE
I
7-8
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
ISERVICED BY: I
I
Maintenance Schedule I
I
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
18,000 Miles (30 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. $:
0Inspect air cleaner filterif you are driving
in dusty conditions. Replace filter if
necessary. An Emission Control Service.
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
0Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
I
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
ISERVICED
BYI
I
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
ISERVICED
BYI
7-9
I MaintenanceSchedule
I
I
21,000 Miles (35 000 km)
24,000 Miles (40 000 km)
0Change engine oil andfilter (or every
0Change engine oil andfilter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Sewice. *
0Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbodycontact
points and linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
DATE
7-10
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
ISERVICED
BY: I
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
27,000 Miles (45 000 km)
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
t
ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED
BY:
every
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service. *
0Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbodycontact
points and linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or
every 24 months, whichever occursfirst).
I7 Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or
every 24 months, whichever occursfirst).
See “Engine Coolant’’ in the Index for what
to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator,
(Continued)
7-11
Maintenance ScheduleI
30,000 Miles (50 000 km) (Continued)
condenser, ressure cap and neck. Pressure
test thecoo 1ng system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
Replace spark plugs.An Emission
Control Service.
0Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission
Control Service.
0Replace air cleaner filter. Replacefilter
more often under dusty conditions.
An Emission Control Service.
f
0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspectfuel cap gasket for any
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service.T
I7 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Indexfor proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL
7-12
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
33,000 Miles (55 000 km)
36,000 Miles (60 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. ‘f:
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
0Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parlung
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
I
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
I
I
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
7-13
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
39,000 Miles (65 000 km)
42,000 Miles (70 000 km)
0Change engine oil
0Change engine oil andfilter (or every
and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.*
1
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.‘k
Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbodycontact
points and linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
1
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
48,000 Miles (80 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. 4:
0Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving
in dusty conditions. Replace filter if
necessary. An Emission Control Service.
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
0Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE SERVICED
ACTUAL MILEAGE
BY:
7-15
1
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
51,000 Miles (85 000 km)
0Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90 O F
(32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
Ifyou do not useyour vehicle under anyof
these conditions, the
jluid and-filterdo not
require changing.
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
DATE
7-16
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
~
I
~~
54,000 Miles (90 000 km)
57,000 Miles (95 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. ‘!’
0Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. #:
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-17
Maintenance Schedule I
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter(or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
CI Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (orevery 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs first).
0Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs first).
See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what
to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator,
condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure
test the cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
0Replace spark plugs. An Emission
Control Service.
0Inspect spark plug wires. An Emission
Control Service. ?
Cl Replace air cleaner filter. Replace filter
more often under dusty conditions.
An Emission Control Service.
0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service.?
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
63,000 Miles (105 000 km)
66,000 Miles (110 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or
0Change engine oil
every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. Jr-
and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Indexfor proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
7-19
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
69,000 Miles (115000 km)
72,000 Miles (120 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission. Control Service. *
0Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every6 months,
whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
F
L
1
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
I
I
DATE
ACTUAL
7-20
-_
MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
78,000 Miles (130 000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
0Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving
in dusty conditions. Replace filter if
necessary. An Emission Control Service.
[7 Change engine oil and filter (or every
I
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
ISERMCED
BEI
I
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service. *
0Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbodycontact
points and linkage (or every 6 months.
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-21
1
MaintenanceSchedule I
1
81,000 Miles (135 000 km)
84,000 Miles (140 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
0Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
7-22
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
87,000 Miles (145 000 km)
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
0Change engine oil
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
and filter (orevery
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. ‘k
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. ‘tc
I7 Lubricate the suspension and steering
I
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
ISERVICED
BYI
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs first).
0Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs first).
See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what
to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator,
(Continued)
7-23
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
1
90,000 Miles ( I S 0 000 km) (Continued)
condenser, ressure cap and neck. Pressure
test the coo 1ng system and pressurecap.
An Emission Control Service.
0Replace spark plugs.An Emission
Control Service.
0Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission
Control Service.30Replace air cleaner filter. Replace filter
more often under dustyconditions.
An Emission Control Service.
r!
0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service.
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Indexfor proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
DATE SERVICED
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-24
BY:
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
93,000 Miles (155 000 km)
96,000 Miles (160 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
I
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
ISERVICED
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service. *
0Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
BY:(
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-25
I
Maintenance Schedule I
1
99,000 Miles (165 000 km)
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
El Change engine oil and filter(or every
0Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Sewice. *
if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90 O F
(32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
I f you do not use your vehicle under any of
these conditions, the fluid and filter do not
require changing.
DATE
ACTUAL
7-26
MILEA””
Maintenance Schedule I1
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) should be performed after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals.
Footnotes
-p The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to the
completion of vehicle useful life. We, however, urge that
all recommended maintenance servicesbe performed at
the indicated intervals and the maintenance be recorded.
If your vehicle has an Engine Oil Life Monitor, the
monitor will show you when to change the oil -- usually
between 3,000 miles ( 5 000 km) and 7,500 miles
(1 2 500 km) since your lastoil change. Under severe
conditions, the indicator may come on before
3,000 miles ( 5 000 km). Never drive your vehicle more
then 7,500 miles ( 1 2 500 km) or 12 months without
an oil change.
4:
The system won’t detect dust in the oil. So if you drive
in a dusty area,be sure to change your oil every
3,000 miles ( 5 000 km) or sooner if the CHANGE OIL
light comes on. Rememberto reset the Oil Life Monitor
when the oil has been changed. For more information,
see “Engine Oil Life Monitor” in the Index.
7-27
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
0Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
0Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
ACTUAL MILEAGE
DATE
ACTUAL
SERVICED BY:
L
7-28
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
Maintenance Schedule I1
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
At1 Elnissiot1 Cmtrol S e r l ! i w . ‘k
0Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage.. transaxle shift linkage. parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation“ in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
I2 months, whichever occurs first).
Arz Emksiorz Control Service. ‘k
0Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every I2 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Inspect engine accessory drivebelt (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs first).
0Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs first).
See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what
to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator,
(Continued)
L,
DATE
ACTUAL MIIIEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I Maintenance Schedule I1
30,000 Miles (50 000 km) (Continued)
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
condenser, ressure cap and neck. Pressure
test the coo ing system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
0Replace spark plugs. An Emission
Control Service.
0Inspect spark plug wires. An Emission
Control Service.
0Replace air cleaner filter. An Emission
Control Service.
0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service. ?
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
P
DATE
7-30
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. ‘:’
0Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
I
MaintenanceSchedule I1
I
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter
12 months, whichever occurs first).
A n Emission Control Service. *
0Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90 F
(32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
I f y o u do not use your vehicle under any of
these conditions, the fluid
and filter do not
require changing.
O
~
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
~
~
SERVICED BY:
7-31
MaintenanceSchedule I1
1
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
0Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbodycontact
points and linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Sewice. *
0Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or
every 24 months, whichever occursfirst).
0Drain, flush and refill cooling system(or
every 24 months, whichever occursfirst).
See “Engine Coolant’’ in the Index for what
to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator,
(Continued)
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
60,000 Miles (100 000 km) (Continued)
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure
test the cooling systemand pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
0Replace spark plugs. An Emission
Control Service.
0 Inspect spark plug wires. An Enzission
Control Service. T
0Replace air cleaner filter.An Enzissiot1
Control Service.
0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasketfor any
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service.
Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Enzission Control Service. 4’
0 Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
Cl Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
7-33
MaintenanceSchedule I1
I
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. ‘k
0Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
0Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation’’ inthe Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
DATE
7-34
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
DATE
1
ACTUAL MILEAGE
ISERVICED B Y I
I Maintenance Schedule I1 1
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Replace spark plugs. An Emission
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or
every 24 months, whichever occursfirst).
0Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or
every 24 months, whichever occursfirst).
See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what
to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator,
condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure
test the cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
Control Service.
Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission
Control Service. -F
0Replace air cleaner filter. An Emission
Control Service.
0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines. Inspect fuel
cap gasket for any damage. Replace parts as
needed. An Emission Control Service.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-35
i
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter
if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90 F
(32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
Ifyou do not use your vehicle under anyof
these conditions, the fluid
and filter d o not
require changing.
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. *
0 Lubricate the suspension and steering
linkage, transaxle shift linkage, parking
brake cable guides and underbody contact
points and linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
I
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
ISERVICED B Y
O
I
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
~
7-36
SERVICED BY:
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Windshield Washer Fluid Level
Listed below are owner checks and services which
should be performed at
the intervals specified to help
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control
performance of your vehicle.
Check the windshield washer fluid levelin the
windshield washer tank and add the proper fluid if
necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid”in the Index
for further details.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are
the proper ones, as shown
in Part D.
At Least Once a Month
At Each Fuel Fill
It is importantfor you or a service station attendant to
p e ~ o r mthese underhood checksat eachfuel fill.
Engine Oil Level
Check the engine oil level and addthe proper oil if
necessary. See “Engine Oil” in the Index
for further
details.
Engine Coolant Level
Check the engine coolant level and add
the proper
coolant mix if necessary. See “Coolant” in the Index
for
further details.
Tire Inflation
Check tire inflation. Make sure tires are inflated to the
pressures specifiedon the Tire-Loading Information
label located on the rear edgeof the driver’s door. See
“Tires” inthe Index for further details.
Cassette Deck
Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should
be done every
50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems”
in the Index
for further details.
Power Antenna
Clean power antenna mast.See “Audio Systems”in the
Index for further details.
7-37
At Least Once a Year
Starter Switch
Key Lock Cylinders
Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant
specified in Part D.
Body Lubrication
Lubricate all body door hinges. Also lubricate all hinges
and latches, including those for the hood, glove box
door andconsole door. Part D tells you what to use.
More frequent lubrication may be required when
exposed to a corrosive environment.
When you are doing thischeck, the vehicle could
move suddenly.If it does, youor others couldbe
injured. Follow the steps below.
I . Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake (see “Parking
Brake” in the Index if necessary) and the regular
brake.
NOTE: Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be
ready to turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter
should work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
If the starter works in any other position, your
vehicle needs service.
7-38
Brake-Transaxle Shift Interlock
-- BTSI
I . Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle. It should be parked on a level
surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake (see “Parking Brake”
in the Index if necessary).
NOTE: Be ready to apply the regular brake
immediately if the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the RUN
position, but don’t start the engine. Without applying
the regular brake, try to move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) with normal effort. If the shift lever
moves out of PARK (P), your vehicle’s BTSI needs
service.
the key to LOCK in each shift lever position.
The key should turn to LOCK only when the shift
lever is in PARK (P).
The key should come out only in LOCK.
Parking Brake and Automatic TransaxlePARK (P)
Mechanism Check
0
0
To check the parking brake: With the engine running
and transaxle in NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove foot
pressure from theregular brake pedal. Do this until
the vehicle is held by the parking brake only.
To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability:
Shift to PARK (P). Then release all brakes.
Underbody Flushing
At least every spring, use pram water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake, set the
parking brake.
7-40
Part C: Periodic Maintenance
Inspections
Listed below are inspections and services which should
be performed at least twice a year (for instance, each
spring and fall). You should let your GM dealer’s
service departmentor otherqualified service center do
these jobs. Make sure any necessary repairs are
completed at once.
Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure all your belts, buckles, latch
plates, retractors, anchorages and reminder systems are
working properly. Look for any loose parts or damage.
If you see anything that might keep a restraint system
from doing its job, have it repaired.
Steering, Suspension and Front-Wheel-Drive
Axle Boot and Seal Inspection
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering
system for damaged, loose or missing parts, signs of
wear, or lack of lubrication. Inspect the power steering
lines and hoses for proper hookup, binding,leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc.Clean and then inspect the drive
axle boot seals for damage,tears or leakage. Replace
seals if necessary.
Exhaust System Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaust system.Inspect the body
near the exhaust system. Look for broken, damaged,
missing or out-of-position parts as well as open seams,
holes, loose connections, or other conditions which
could cause a heat build-up in the floor pan or could let
exhaust fumes into the vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust” i n
the Index.
Throttle Linkage Inspection
Inspect the throttle linkage for inte.rference or binding,
and for damaged or missing parts. Replace parts as
needed. Accelerator and cruise cables should not be
I L bricated.
~
Brake System Inspection
Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines and
hoses for proper hookup, binding. leaks, cracks, chafing,
etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors for
surfxe condition. Also inspect drum brake linings for
wear and cracks. Inspect other brake parts, including
drums, wheel cylinders, calipers, parking brake, etc.
Check parking brake adjustment. You may need to have
your brakes inspected more often if your driving habits
or conditions result i n frequent braking.
Part D: Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number or specification may be obtained from your
GM dealer.
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
Engine Oil
Engine oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified For
Gasoline Engines “Starburst”
symbol of the proper viscosity. To
determine the preferred viscosity
for your vehicle’s engine, see
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
Engine Coolant
50/50 mixture of water (preferably
distilled) and good quality
ethylene glycol base antifreeze
(GM Part No. 1052753 or
equivalent) conforming to GM
Specification I825M or approved
recycled coolant conforming to
GM Specification 1825M.
USAGE
FLUIDlLUBRICANT
Coolant
Supplement
GM Part No. 3634621 or equivalent
with a complete flush and refill.
__
Hydraulic Brake
System
Delco Supreme 11 Brake Fluid
(GM Part No. 1052535 or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid).
Parking Brake
Guides
Chassis lubricant (GM Part
No. 1052497 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirements of
NLGI Grade 2, Category LB or
GC-LB.
@
___
Power Steering
System
GM Hydraulic Power Steering
Fluid (GM Part No. 1052884 or
equivalent).
Automatic
Transaxle
DEXRON@-I11Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Key Lock
Cylinders
Lubricate with Multi-Purpose
Lubricant (GM Part No. 12345 120)
or synthetic SAE 5W-30
engine oil.
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
Automatic
Transaxle Shift
Linkage
Engine oil.
Hood and Door
Hinges
Engine oil or Lubriplate Lubricant
(GM Part No. 1050109).
Chassis
Lubrication
Chassis lubricant (GM Part
No. 1052497 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirements of
NLGI Grade 2, Category LB or
GC-LB.
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease(GM
Part No. 12345579 or equivalent).
~
Windshield
Washer Solvent
-
See “Specifications Chart” in the Index for
recommended replacement filters, valves and spark
plugs.
~~
GM Optikleen@Washer Solvent
(GM Part No. I 05 1 5 15) or
equivalent.
Hood Latch
Assembly
a. Pivots and
Spring
Anchor
a.Engineoil.
b. Release Pawl
b. Chassis lubricant (GM Part
No. 1052497 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirements
of NLGI Grade 2, Category LB
or GC-LB.
7-43
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services areperformed, record the
date, odometer reading and who performed the service
in the boxes provided after themaintenance interval.
Any additional information from “Owner Checksand
Services” or “Periodic Maintenance” can be added on
the following record pages. Also, you should retain all
maintenance receipts. Your owner information portfolio
is a convenient place to store them.
Maintenance Record
ODOMETER
READING
UATE
7-44
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
I
I
Maintenance Record
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED
MAINTENANCE
PERFORMED
BY
7-45
Maintenance Record
READING
DATE
7-46
I
ODOMETER
-
I
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Section 8 CustomerAssistanceInformation
Here you w i l l find out how to contact Buick if you need
assistance. This section also tells you how to obtain
service publications and how to report any safety
defects. This section includes information on: Customer
Satisfaction Procedure, Customer Assistance for
Hearing or Speech Impaired, BBB Auto Line Alternative Dispute Resolution Program, Reporting
Safety Defects. Roadside Assistance, and Service
Publications.
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your
dealer and Buick. Normally, any concern with the sales
transaction or the operation of your vehicle will be
reso1ve.d by your dealer's Sales or Service Departnlents.
Sometimes, however, despitethe best intentions of all
concerned, misunderstandings can occur. If your
concern has not been resolved to your satisfaction, the
following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with a member of
dealership management. Normally, concerns can often
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been rcviewed with the Sales. Service, or Parts
Manager, contact the owner of the dealership o r the
General Manager.
STEP TWO -- If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern cannot
be resolved by the dealership without further help.
contact the Buick Customer Assistance Center by
calling 1-800-52 1-7300. In Canada, contact GM of
Canada Customer Assistance Center in Oshawa by
calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854
(French).
In Mexico, call ( 5 2 5 )254-3777. In Puerto Rico, call
1-800-496-9992 (English) or 1-800-496-9993 (Spanish).
In the U.S. Virgin Islands, call 1-800-496-9994. In all
other overseas locations,contact GM North American
Export Sales in Canada by calling 1-905-644-4 I 12.
8- 1
For prompt assistance, please have the following
information available to give the Customer Assistance
Representative:
Your name, address, home and business telephone
numbers
0
Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate at
the left top of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
Dealership name and location
0
Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
0
Nature of concern
We encourage you to call the toll-free number listed
previously in order to give your inquiry prompt
attention. However, if you wish to write Buick, write to:
Buick Motor Division,
Customer Assistance Center,
902 E. Hamilton Avenue,
Flint, MI 48550.
8-2
Refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information booklet for addresses of Canadian and GM
Overseas offices.
When contacting Buick, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved in the dealership, using the
dealership’s facilities, equipment and personnel. That is why
we suggest you follow Step One first if you have a concern.
Customer Assistancefor the Hearing
or Speech Impaired(TDD)
To assist customers who have hearing difficulties, Buick
has installed special TDD (Telecommunication Devices
for the Deaf) equipment at its Customer Assistance
Center. Any hearing or speech impaired customer who
has access to a TDD or a conventional teletypewriter
(TTY) can communicate with Buick by dialing:
1-800-TD-BUICK. (TDD users in Canada can dial
1-800-263-3830.)
GM Participation inBBB AUTO
LINE - Alternative Dispute
Resolution Program*
“This program may not be available in all states,
depending on state law. Canadian owners referto your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet.
General Motors reserves the right to change eligibility
limitations and/or to discontinue its participation in this
program.
Both Buick and your Buick dealer are committedto
making sure you are completely satisfied with your new
vehicle. Our experience has shown that, if a situation
arises where you feel your concern has not been
adequately addressed, the CustomerSatispaction
Procedure described earlierin this section is very
successful.
There may be instances where an impartial third-party
can assist in arriving at a solution to a disagreement
regarding vehicle repairs or interpretation of the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty. To assist in resolving these
disagreements Buick voluntarily participates in BBB
AUTO LINE.
BBB AUTO LINE is an out-of-court program
administered by the Better Business Bureau system to
settle disputesbetween customers and automobile
manufacturers. Thisprogram is available freeof charge
to customers who currently own or lease a GM vehicle.
If you are not satisfied after following the Customer
Satisfaction Procedure,you may contact the BBB using
the toll-free telephone number, or write them at the
following address:
BBB AUTO LINE
Council of Better Business Bureaus
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203
Telephone: 1-800-955-5 100
To file a claim, you will be asked to provide your name
and address, your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN),
and a statementof the nature of your complaint.
Eligibility is limited by vehicle age and mileage, and
other factors.
8-3
We prefer you utilize the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure before you resort to AUTO LINE, but you
may contact theBBB at any time. The BBB will attempt
to resolve the complaint serving asan intermediary
between you and Buick. If this mediation is
unsuccessful, an informal hearing will be scheduled
where eligible customers may present their case to an
impartial third-party arbitrator.
The arbitrator will make a decision which you may
accept or reject. If you accept the decision, GM will be
bound by that decision. The entire disputeresolution
procedure should ordinarily take about forty days from
the time you file a claim until a decision is made.
Some statelaws may require you to use this program
before filinga claim with a state-run arbitration program
or in the courts. For further information, contact the
BBB at 1-800-955-5 100 or the Buick Customer
Assistance Centerat 1-800-52 1-7300.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer, or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the
Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of
Transportationwashington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the Hotline.
8-4
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TOREPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO GENERAL MOTORS
THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada,in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
Transport Canada
Box 8880
Ottawa, Ontario K l G 352.
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you'll notify
us. Please call us at 1-800-521-7300, or write:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Assistance Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MT 48550.
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (Eng.lis
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
8-5
Courtesy Transportation
Roadside Assistance
To Buick Motor Division, quality means service -- and
service means “keeping you on the road.’’
Buick Motor Division is proud to offerBuick Roadside
Assistance to customers forvehicles covered under the
36 month/36,000 mile new car warranty (whichever
comes first).
Included with your 1995 Buick new car warranty,
(36 months, or 36,000 miles), is Courtesy
Transportation, a program which will provide Buick
retail customers with:
- Reimbursement toward a loaner vehicle, courtesy of
Buick Motor Division, forup to five days for
vehicles requiring overnight warranty repairs. Also,
reimbursement up to $30 a day (five days maximum)
may be available for thecost of a rental car, bus or
even a cab.
-
A free one-way shuttle ride up to 10 miles from the
dealership is available for customers whose vehicles
require same-day warranty repairs.
Courtesy Transportation is Buick’s way of extending the
Premium Service you’ve come to expect for Buick and
it’s 3,000 dealers. Please review the Courtesy
Transportation glove box card contained in your vehicle,
or consultyour Buick dealer for details.
In Canada, please consult your GM dealer for
information on Courtesy Transportation.
8-6
Our commitment to Buick owners has always included
superior service through our networkof 3,000 Buick
dealers. Buick Roadside Assistance provides an extra
measure of convenience and security.
Buick Roadside Assistance:
-
Provides owners with access to minor repairs or
towing for disabled vehicles.
-
Takes the anxiety out of uncertain situations by
providing easy access to service professionals trained
to work with Buick owners, 24 hours a day, 365 days
a year, including weekends and holidays.
For details of Buick Roadside Assistance , please
consult your Buick Roadside Assistance owner booklet
included with your owner’s manual. For needed
assistance, call the Buick Roadside Assistance toll-free
hotline: 1-800-252- 1 1 12.
Canada Roadside Assistance
Service Bulletins
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
Roadside Assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada orthe United States. Please referto the
separate brochure provided by the dealer orcall
1-800-268-6800 for emergency services.
Service bulletins covering various subjects are regularly
sent to all General Motors dealershipsh-etail facilities.
GM monitors product performance in the field. When
service methods are found which promote better service
on GM vehicles, bulletins are created to help the
technician perform better service. Servicebulletins may
involve any number of vehicles. Some will describe
inexpensive service, others will describe expensive
service. Some will advise new or unexpected conditions,
and others may help avoid future costly repairs. Service
bulletins are meant for qualified technicians. I n some
cases they refer to service manuals, specialized tools,
equipment and safety procedures necessary to service
the vehicle. Since these bulletins are issued throughout
the model year and beyond, an index is required and
published quarterly to help identify specific bulletins.
Subscriptions are available.You can order an index at
the toll-free numbers listed previously, or ask a GM
dealerhetailer to see an index or individual bulletin.
Service and Owner Publications
Service manuals, service bulletins, owner’smanuals and
other service literature are available forpurchase for all
current and many past model General Motors vehicles.
Toll-free telephone numbers for ordering information:
u. s.
Canada
I -800-55 1-4123
1-800-668-5539
Service Manuals
Service manuals contain diagnosis andrepair
information for all chassis and body systems. They may
be useful for owners whowish to get a greater
understanding of their vehicle. They are alsouseful for
owners with the appropriate skill level or training who
wish to perform “do-it-yourself” service. These are
authentic General Motors service manuals meant for
professional, qualified technicians.
Owner Publications
Owner’s manuals, warranty folders and various owner
assistance booklets provide owners with general
operation and maintenance information.
8-7
NOTES
8-8
NOTES
NOTES
NOTES
NOTES
8-12
NOTES
8-13
NOTES
8-14
Section 9 Index
Automatic Transaxle Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6- 16
Brake Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-22
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- IS13-2 1 6-43
ElectricalEquipment
Engine Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6- I8
Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6- I O
PowerSteering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-20
3-2 1
SoundEquipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windshield Washer Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3 I
AirBag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-16
How Does it Restrain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-20
HowitWorks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-18
Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 .I8
1 .17. 2-45
Readiness
Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. .
1-21
Servlclng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I .I9
What Makes it Int’late . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What Will You See After i t lntlntes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-30
1 .I9
When Should i t Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AirCleane r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-13
3-7
Air Conditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air Outlets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3- I
Alignment and Balance . Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-32
Aluminum Wheels . Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-40
3-22
Antenna, Fixed Mast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Antenna.Power Mast Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-22
~
Antifreeze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-17
6-1X
Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-18
Anti-Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . 2.46. 4-6
Anti-Lock Rr~tkcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Anti-Thcft Feature . Thcl’tlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
A ~ ~ ~ ~ I I Cart:
XIIW
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-35
Appearance Care and Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-42
ArtlIrest. Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-42
2-41
AshtrLtys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Audio System . Steering Wheel Touch Controls . . . . . . . 3- I C )
Audio Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
Automatic O\:el-drivc ((Dl) Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -? - I C )
Auto~naticT~xnsaxlc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Automatic Chwclrivc ((@) Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
First Gcar ( 1 ) Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
3-18
Ncutral (N)Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Park ( P ) Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Reverse ( R ) Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18
Second Gear ( 2 ) Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-20
2-17
Shi t’ting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2- I C )
Third Gear ( 3 ) Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-1
Autonlatic Transaxle Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6- 14
6-16
6-14
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.24
Replacement. Remote Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-53
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2. 54
BBB Auto Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-3
Belt. Engine Accessory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-8
4-26
Blizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brake
Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-23
Fluid. Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-22
6-2 I
Master Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PedalTra~el . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-23
6-23
System Parts. Replacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-46
System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transaxle Shift Interlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- I x . 2-24. 7-39
Wear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-22
2-21
Brake. Parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brakes, Anti-Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Brakes, Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-33
Braking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
4-9
Braking, In Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Break-In, NewVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-12
BTSI (Brake-Transaxle Shift Interlock) . . . . 2- 18, 2-24, 7-39
Bulb Replacement
Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-24
Taillamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-26
Bulbs, Replacement Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-48
Canadian Roadside Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-7
Capacities and Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-49
2-25? 4.27,4.33
Carbon Monoxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cassette Tape Player Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-21
Cassette Tape. Playing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-11
CD. Playing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-15
Center Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-22
Certificationflire Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28
Chains. Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Change Oil Soon Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-52
Changing a Flat Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19
ClleckOilLevelLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-51
Checking Your Restraint Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-43
Checking
Automatic Transaxle Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-14
6-21
Brake Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-18
Engineoil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-9
Power Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-19
1-43
Restraint Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Things Underthe Hood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-7
6-41
Chemical Paint Spotting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Child Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-31
Securing in 21 Rear Outside Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . 1-33
Securing in the Center Rear Seat Position . . . . . . . . . 1-35
Securing in the Right Front Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . 1-37
1-32
TopStrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Where t o Put . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-31
Chime. Turn Signal On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-29
Cigarette Lighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-42
Circuit Breaker. Power Windows and Other
Power Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-45
Cleaner.Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13
Cleaning
Aluminum Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-40
Fabric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-36
Glass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-38
Leather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-37
Outside of the Windshield and Wiper Blades . . . . . . . 6-38
Special Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-36
6-36
Stains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-35
The Inside o f Your Buick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-39
The Outside of Your Buick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-40
Top of the 1nstrume.nt Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-38
Vinyl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-37
Climate Control. Dual Automatic ComtorTemp . . . . . . . . 3-2
Climate Control. Electronic Touch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Clock . Setting the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
3- I
Comfort Control System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Comfort Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3- 1
3-2
ComforTemp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Compact Disc Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-22
Compact Disc. Playing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3- 15
Compact Spare Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-29
4-5
Control 01' a Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4- I3
Control. Loss of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ConvenienceNet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-40
2-39
Convex Outside Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-17
Coolant Heater. Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.16 . 6-13
Coolant Recovery Trunk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-14
Coolant. How to Add t o the Coolant Recovery Tank . . . 5-14
Coolant. How t o Add to the Radiator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-16
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-12
Courtesy I.,amps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-37
Courtesy Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-6
-3-31
Cruise Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Erasing Speed Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-34
O
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of
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2-34
Getting
Passing Another Vehicle While Using . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34
2-33
To Increase Spced . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ToReduceSpeed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-34
To Resume a Set Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
ToSet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32
2-34
Useon Hills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Customer Assistance for the Hearing or Speech Jmpairecl 8-2
Customer Assistance Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-1
Damage. Finish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Damage. Shcet Metal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Daytime Running Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dead Rattcry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defects. Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dcfensive Driving. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defogger. Rear Wlndow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defrosting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dimensions LeSahre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.
6-40
6-40
2-37
5-2
8-4
4-1
3-8
3-7
6-47
9-3
.
e3 B Noise
Dolby
Reduction
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3- I1
Door Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3
Driver Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-9
Driving On Grades. With a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Driving
AtNight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
Defensive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1
Drunken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2
Freeway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-20
In a Blizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-36
In Foreign Countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-4
In the Rain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4- I6
OnCurves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
On Hill and Mountain Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-22
4-25
On Snow or Ice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Through Deep Standing Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 16
Winter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-24
With a Trailcr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
DrunkenDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Dual Autolnatic ComforTemp Climate Control . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Engine
2-25
Exhaust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-43
Overheating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-11
Running it While You’re Parked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26
2-14
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EngineOil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-9
Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-10
Additives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
Pressure Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-50
What Kind to Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-11
What t o do with Used Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-13
When to Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
Ethanol ( I n Fuel) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-3
Expecrant Mothers. Use o f Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22
Extender. Safety Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-43
F a b r i c Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-36
Filling Your Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-5
Filter
AirCleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-13
Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-12
Electrical Equipment. Adding . . . . . . . . . . 2- IS . 3-2 I . 6-43
6-39
Finish Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic Touch Climate Control System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Finish Damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-40
Engine Accessory Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-8
Fit-st Gear ( I) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
Engine Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6- I7
Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-18
Fixed Mast Antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-22
Flashers.Hazard Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18
5-1
Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-16.6-13
Flat Tire . Changing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-19
Tenlperature Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49
Foreign Countries. Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-4
Tempcrature Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-38 Manual
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1..1
French Language
9-4
Front Towing Hookups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-9
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
FuelGage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-54
Fuel . Filling Your Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-5
Fuels. I n Foreign Countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-4
Fuseusage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-46
Fuses and Circuit Breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-44
G a g e . En. (Tine Coolant Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49
Gage . Engine Oil Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-50
Gage. Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-54
Gasolines for Cleaner Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-29
Gear Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 17
Glass. Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-38
GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weigh[ Rating) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-28
Halogen Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-24
Hazard Warning Flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5- I
Head Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4
Headlamp High-Low Beam Changer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-29
6-45
Headlamp . Wwing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Headlanips . Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-24
Hearing or Speech Impaired Customer Assistance . . . . . . 8-2
Heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-3
...
Heritage Pages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
111
HighBeam Lamps. How to Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-29
Highway Hypnosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-22
Hill and Mountain Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-22
4-33
Hitches.Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hood Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
.
Hort1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hydroplaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
If You’re Stuck: In Sand. Mud. Ice or Snow
2-27
4-18
. . . . . . . . . 5-30
Ignition Key Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Ignition. Key In The . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- I O
Inside Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-38
Inspections
BrakeSystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-31
Exhaust Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-41
Restraint System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-41
Steering. Suspension and Front-Wheel-Drive
AxleBoot and Seal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-41
7-41
Throttle Linkage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-43
Instrument Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-38
Instrument Panel. Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jack. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Key Lock Cylinders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Key Reminder Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-20
5-2
7-38
2-2
2-1
Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-35
Lamps On Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35
Lamps. Daytime Running . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-37
Lane Change Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-28
Larger Children. Safety Belt Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-40
2-5
Leaving Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine Running . . . . . . . 2-23
9-5
Lights
Air Bag Readiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I .17. 2.45
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . 2.46. 4-6
BatteryWarning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-53
Brake System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-46
ChangeOilSoon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-52
Check OilLevel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-51
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-48
Engine Oil Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-50
2-55
Low Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4,2-45
Safety Belt Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Traction Control System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47
Traction Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47
Traction Off Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-47, 4.8
2-42
Lighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lights, Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-35
4-28
Loading YourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Locks
Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3
2-4
PowerDoor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Door Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-4
7-39
Steering Column . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4- I3
Loss of Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LowFuel Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-55
Lubrication, Body . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-38
Maintenance Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance Record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-6
6-50
7-44
Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-1
Owner Checks and Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2. 7-37
Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2 .
Soon Light) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ManualFrontSeat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manual Outside Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maxifuse/Relay Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Methanol (In Fuel) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Convex Outside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manualoutside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Outside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Visorvanity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MTBE(InFue1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-49
1-1
2-38
6-45
6-3
2-38
2-39
2-38
2-38
2-38
2-39
2-41
6-3
N e t . Convenience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Neutral ( N ) Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NewVehicle “Break-In” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Night Vision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-40
2-18
2-12
4-15
Odometer ....................................
2-43
Odometer. Trip .................................
2-44
Off-Road Recovery .............................
4- 11
6-9
Oil. Engine .....................................
Ordering
Owner Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-7
8-7
Service Bulletins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-7
Service Manuals ..............................
2-38
Outside Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overdrive (@)Position, Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . 2- 19
5- 11
Overheated Engine ..............................
Owner Checks and Services .......................
7-37
Owner Publications, Ordering ......................
8-7
6-41
P a i n t Spotting. Chemical ........................
2-35
PanelLights ...................................
Park (P), Shifting Into ...........................
2-22
2-24
Park (P), Shifting Out of .........................
2- 17
Park (P) Position ...............................
Parking
2-10
AtNight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-10
On Hills While Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
2-25
Over Things That Burn ........................
2-21
ParkingBrake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PASS-Key 8 I1 .................................
2-1 1
Passenger Control, Dual Automatic ComforTemp
3-5
Climate Control ................................
Passing .......................................
4-12
Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-41
3-22
Power Antenna Mast Care ........................
Power Door Locks ...............................
2-4
2-39
Power Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PowerSeat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
4-9
Powersteering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Steering Fluid ............................
6-19
Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-19
2-27
Power Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pregnancy, Use of Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22
5-1
Problems on the Road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-7
Publications. Service and Owner ....................
Radiator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Radiator Pressure Cap ...........................
Radio Reception. Understanding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Radios
AM/FM Stereo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AM/FM Stereo with Automatic
Tonecontrol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AM/FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and Compact
Disc Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A
" Stereo with Cassette Tape Player . . . . . . . . .
Rain. Driving In ................................
Reading Lamps
Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Door Security Lock ..........................
Rear Passenger ComforTemp .......................
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Seat Outside Position ........................
Rear Seat Passengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-16
6-19
3-20
3-9
3-12
3-16
3-10
4-16
2-36
2-36
2-4
3-2
1-26
1-24
1-24
9-7
Driver Position . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
Extender ..,................................ l-43
How to Wear Properly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
Incorrect Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12, 13, 14, 15,41,42
LapBelt ................................... l-23
Lap-Shoulder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9,l-24
Questions People Ask . . . . . . - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8
Rear Comfort Guides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-26
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
Rear Seat Passengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
Replacing After a Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-43
Right Front Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster . :. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
Use by Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . 1-28
Use by Larger Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-40
Use by Smaller Children and Babies . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-29
Use During Pregnancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22
WhyTheyWork ..............................
1-5
Safety Chains .................,................4-33
Safety Defects
Reporting to General Motors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-5
Reporting to the Canadian Government . . . . . . . . . , . . 8-5
Reporting to the United States Government . . . . . . . . . 8-4
...
Safety Warnings and Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vlll
Scheduled Maintenance Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Seat,Power .................................... l-2
Seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
Safety Belt Extender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-43
Seats and Restraint Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1- 1
Safety Belt Reminder Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4,2-45
Seats and Seat Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1- 1
Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Seats, Securing a Child Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-33
Adults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
Second Gear (2) Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
Careof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 - 3 8Security System (PASS-Key 11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 1
Center Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Towing Hookups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
Rear Window Defogger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
Reclining Front Seatbacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-42
Remote Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Battery Replacement . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , 2-8
Matching Transmitters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 - 6
Remote Trunk Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Replacement Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-48
Replacement Parts . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-50
Replacement, Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-33
Replacing Safety Belts . . . . . . , . . , . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . 1-43
Replacing Seat and Restraint System Parts
After a Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-43
Restraints, Checking Your . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-43
Restraints, Child . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3 1
Restraints, Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Restraints, Replacing Parts After a Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-43
Reverse (R) Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 18
Right Front Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22
Roadside Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6
Roadside Assistance, Canadian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
Rocking Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . 5-30
Rotation, Tire . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-29
9-8
Service and Appearance Care ......................
6-1
Service and Owner Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
Service Bulletins. Ordering ........................
8-7
Service Engine Soon Light .......................
2-49
ServiceManuals.Ordering ........................
8-7
Service Parts Identification Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-43
Service Publications ..............................
8-7
Service Work. Doing Your Own ....................
6-2
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21
SheetMetalDamage ............................
6-40
Shifting Into Park (P)............................
2-22
Shifting Outof Park (P) ..........................
2-24
Shifting. Automatic Transaxle .....................
2- 17
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster.....................
1- 11
SignalingTurns ................................
2-28
Skidding ......................................
4-13
Sound Equipment. Adding. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2 1
Spare Tire. Compact .............................
5-29
Speedometer ...................................
2-43
Stains. Cleaning ................................
6-36
Starterswitch ..................................
7-38
Steam. If Coming From Your Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5- 11
Steering .......................................
4-9
Steering Column Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-39
Steering In Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4- 10
Steering Wheel Touch Controls. Audio System . . . . . . . 3-19
Steering Wheel. Tilt .............................
2-27
Steering.Power .................................
4-9
Steering. Tips ...................................
4-9
2-42
StorageArmrest ................................
6-24
Storage. Of Your Vehicle .........................
5-30
Stuck. IfYouAre ...............................
2-40
Sun Visors. Dual ...............................
Supplemental Restraint System(SRS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.16
x
Symbols. Vehicle ..................................
Tachometer ..................................
2-54
Taillamps. Bulb Replacement .....................
6-26
Tape.Playing ..................................
3-14
TapePlayerCare ...............................
3-21
Theft .........................................
2-10
TheftlockFeature ...............................
3-17
Thermostat ....................................
6-19
Third Gear (3) Position ..........................
2-19
Tilt Steering Wheel .............................
2-27
Time Out Feature ...............................
2-35
Time. Setting the ................................
3-8
Tire Chains ....................................
6-34
Tire Inspection and Rotation ......................
6-29
TireLoading ...................................
4-28
Tires .........................................
6-27
6-32
Alignment and Balance ........................
6-30
Buying New ................................
Changing a Flat..............................
5-19
6-28
Inflation ....................................
Inspection and Rotation .......................
6-29
5-29
Spare, Compact ...............................
Temperature ................................
6-32
Traction ....................................
6-31
Treadwear ..................................
6-31
6-31
Uniform Quality Grading ......................
;. . . . . . . . . 6-30
Wear Indicators ....................
WheelReplacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-33
6-30
When It’s Time for New .......................
9-9
TopStrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-32
TorqueLock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-24
5-27
Torque. Wheel Nut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
5-7
Towing YourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-9
Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-10
Traction Control System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Traction Control System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47
Traction Off Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-47
4-8
Traction Off Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
4-32
Trailer Tongue Weight
Trailer Towing
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-33
Driving on Grades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-35
4-34
Driving with a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hitches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
Parking on Hills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
SafetyChains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Total Weight on Your Vehicle's Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-32
Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
TurnSignals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-35
4-3 1
Weight of a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transaxle Fluid. Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6- 14
Transmitters. Matching to Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
8-6
Transportation.Courtesy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trip. Before Leaving on a Long . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
TrunkRelease.Remote . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
. . . . . . . . . . . . .2-28
Turn Signal On Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-29
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-28
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-35
9-10
Underbody Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-41
Vehicle. DamageWarnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix
Vehicle Identification Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-43
Vehicle Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28
VehicleStorage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-24
Vehicle Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x
Vehicle Control of a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-5
Vehicle. Leaving Your . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-5
Vision.Night . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-15
Visor Vanity Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-41
2-53
Voltage Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.
5-2
w a r n i n g Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WarningFlashers.Hazard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Warning Lights. Gages and Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-44
WashingYourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-39
. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Water. Driving Through Deep Standing
Weatherstrips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-39
5-27
Wheel Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-33
WheelReplacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheel Replacement Used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-34
2-27
Windows.Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windshield Wrlsher Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3 1. 6-20
Windshield Washers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30
Windshield Wiper. Circuit Breaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-45
2-29
Windshield Wipers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Winter.Driving in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Wiring.Hcadlarnp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-45
Wrecker Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
.
i
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