BMW 3 ELECTICAL SYSTEM Owner`s manual

Contents
A–Z
Owner's Manual for the Vehicle.
With a quick reference guide
for your convenience.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
323i
328i
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Congratulations, and thank you for choosing a BMW.
Thorough familiarity with your vehicle will provide you with enhanced control and
security when you drive it. We therefore have this request:
Please take the time to read this Owner's Manual and familiarize yourself with the
information that we have compiled for you before driving your new car. It contains
important data and instructions intended to assist you in gaining maximum use and
satisfaction from the unique range of technical features on your BMW. The manual
also contains information on care and maintenance designed to enhance operating
safety and contribute to maintaining the value of your BMW throughout an extended
service life.
This Owner's Manual should be considered a permanent part of this vehicle. It
should stay with the vehicle when sold to provide the next owner with important
operating, safety and maintenance information.
This manual is supplemented by a Service and Warranty Information Booklet
(US models) or a Warranty and Service Guide Booklet (Canadian models). We
recommend that you read these publications thoroughly.
Your BMW is covered by the following warranties:
– New Vehicle Limited Warranty
– Limited Warranty Rust Perforation
– Emissions System Defect Warranty
– Emissions Performance Warranty
– California Emissions Control System Limited Warranty
Detailed information about these warranties is listed in the Service and Warranty
Information Booklet (US models) and the Warranty and Service Guide Booklet
(Canadian models).
We wish you an enjoyable driving experience.
BMW AG
Preface
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
4n
Notes on the Owner's Manual
We have made every effort to ensure
that you are able to find what you need
in this Owner's Manual as quickly as
possible. The fastest way to find certain
topics is by using the detailed index at
the end. If you wish to gain only an initial
overview of your vehicle, you will find
this in the first chapter.
The detailed list of contents that directly
follows the summary of contents is
intended to stimulate your curiosity
regarding your BMW and to encourage
you to read the manual.
Should you wish to sell your BMW at
some time in the future, please remember to hand over this Owner's Manual
to the new owner; it is part of the
vehicle.
Should you have any further questions,
your BMW center will be glad to assist
at any time.
© 1999 BMW AG
Munich, Germany
Reprinting, including excerpts, only with the
written consent of BMW AG, Munich.
Order number 01 41 0 155 024
US English IX/99
Printed in Germany
Printed on environmentally friendly paper
(bleached without chlorine, suitable for recycling)
Symbols used
The individual vehicle
These sections contain vital information – please read the accompanying text passages carefully, for
your safety, the safety of others and to
prevent damage to your BMW. <
On purchasing your BMW, you have
decided in favor of a model with individualized equipment and features. This
Owner's Manual describes all models
and equipment that BMW offers within
the same group.
These passages contain information on special and unique features of your vehicle.<
Indicates special information on
recycling.<
We hope you will understand that
equipment and features are included
which you might not have chosen for
your vehicle. Any differences can easily
be identified, since all optional accessories and special equipment are
marked with an asterisk *.
If your BMW features equipment which
is not described in this Owner's Manual
* Indicates special equipment, country- (car radio or telephone, for instance),
specific equipment and optional extras. Supplementary Owner's Manuals are
enclosed. We ask you to read these
manuals as well.
Indicates that you should consult
the relevant section of this Owner's
Manual for information on a specific part
or assembly.
< Indicates the end of a note.
Alerts you to functions that can
be adjusted by your BMW center
("Car Memory" or "Key Memory"). Refer
to page 53.<
Notes on the Owner's Manual
Symbols used
The
individual
vehicle
Online
Edition for Part
No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
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Status at time of printing
BMW pursues a policy of continuous,
ongoing development that is conceived
to ensure that our vehicles continue to
embody the highest quality and safety
standards combined with advanced,
state-of-the-art technology. For this
reason, it is possible that the features
described in this Owner's Manual could
differ from those on your vehicle. Nor
can errors and omissions be entirely
ruled out. You are therefore asked to
appreciate that no legal claims can be
entertained on the basis of the data,
illustrations or descriptions in this
Owner's Manual.
Status at time of printing
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
6n
For your own safety
Important safety information!
For your own safety, use genuine
Use unleaded gasoline only.
parts and accessories approved by
Fuels containing up to 10% etha- BMW.
nol or other oxygenates with up to 2.8% When you purchase accessories tested
oxygen by weight (i.e. 15% MTBE or
and approved by BMW and Original
3% methanol plus an equivalent
BMW Parts, you simultaneously acquire
amount of co-solvent) will not void the
the assurance that they have been thorapplicable warranties with respect to
oughly tested by BMW to ensure optidefects in materials or workmanship.
mum performance when installed on
Field experience has indicated signifiyour vehicle.
cant differences in fuel quality (volatility, BMW warrants these parts to be free
composition, additives, for example)
from defects in material and workmanamong gasolines offered for sale in the ship.
United States and Canada. The use of
BMW will not accept any liability for
poor-quality fuels may result in drivedamage resulting from installation of
ability, starting and stalling problems,
parts and accessories not approved by
especially under certain environmental BMW.
conditions, such as high ambient temBMW cannot test every product from
perature and high altitude.
other manufacturers to verify if it can be
Should you encounter driveability prob- used on a BMW safely and without risk
lems that you suspect could be related to either the vehicle, its operation, or its
to the fuel you are using, we recomoccupants.
mend that you respond by switching
Original BMW Parts, BMW Accessories
to a recognized high-quality brand.
and other products approved by BMW,
Failure to comply with these recomtogether with professional advice on
mendations may result in unscheduled using these items, are available from all
maintenance.
BMW centers.
Follow the relevant safety rules when
you are handling gasoline.<
Installation and operation of non-BMW
approved accessories such as alarms,
radios, amplifiers, radar detectors,
wheels, suspension components, brake
dust shields, telephones (including
operation of any portable cellular phone
from within the vehicle without using an
externally mounted antenna) or transceiver equipment (such as C.B., walkietalkie, ham radio or similar) may cause
extensive damage to the vehicle, compromise its safety, interfere with the
vehicle's electrical system or affect the
validity of the BMW Limited Warranty.
See your BMW center for additional
information.
Do not use a key or remote control to
lock the doors or luggage compartment
with anyone inside the car. See
page 34 for more details.
"Maintenance, replacement, or repair
of the emission control devices and
systems may be performed by any
automotive repair establishment or individual using any certified automotive
part."<
For your own safety
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7n
The following only applies to vehicles owned and operated in the US.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect that could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying BMW of
North America, Inc., P.O. Box 1227, Westwood, New Jersey 07675-1227, Telephone (201) 307-4000.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a
group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your dealer, or BMW of North America, Inc.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 202-366-0123 in
Washington, D.C. area) or write to: NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC 20590. You can
also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from the Hotline.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
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Operation, care
and maintenance
Controls
Controls and features
Car care
Overview
Overview
9n
Advanced technology
Technology Repairs
Owner service procedures
Data
Technical data
Index
Index
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Cockpit 16
Instrument cluster 18
Indicator and warning lamps 20
Multifunction steering wheel
(MFL) 24
Hazard warning flashers 25
Warning triangle 25
First-aid kit 25
Refueling 26
Fuel specifications 26
Tire inflation pressure 27
Controls and features
Overview
Contents
Locks and security systems:
Keys 32
Electronic vehicle
immobilizer 33
Central locking system 34
Opening and closing – from
outside 34
Opening and closing – from
inside 38
Luggage compartment lid 39
Luggage compartment 41
Alarm system 42
Electric power windows 44
Sliding/Tilt sunroof 45
Driving:
Steering/Ignition lock 61
Starting the engine 61
Switching off the engine 62
Parking brake 63
Manual transmission 64
Automatic transmission with
Steptronic 65
Turn signal indicator/Headlamp
flasher 68
Wiper/Washer system/Rain
sensor 68
Rear window defroster 70
Cruise control 71
Adjustments:
Seats 47
Seat and mirror memory 50
Steering wheel 51
Mirrors 52
Car Memory, Key Memory 53
Everything under control:
Odometer 73
Tachometer 73
Energy Control 73
Fuel gauge 74
Temperature gauge 74
Service Interval Display 74
Check Control 75
Clock 75
Onboard computer 76
Passenger safety systems:
Safety belts 54
Child restraint systems 55
Child-safety locks 56
Airbags 56
Child restraints 59
Installing a child restraint
system 60
Technology for safety and
convenience:
Park Distance Control (PDC) 78
Dynamic Stability Control
(DSC) 79
Tire Pressure Control (RDC) 80
Contents
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Lamps:
Parking lamps/Headlamps 82
Dash lighting 82
High beams/Parking lamps 83
Fog lamps 83
Interior lamps 83
Reading lamps 84
Controlling the climate
for pleasant driving:
Automatic climate control 86
Seat heating 91
Roller sun blind 91
Interior conveniences:
HiFi system 92
Glove compartment 92
Storage compartments 93
Cellular phones 95
Ashtray, front 95
Cigarette lighter 96
Ashtray, rear 96
Loading and transporting:
Through-loading system 97
Ski bag 98
Cargo loading 99
Roof-mounted luggage rack 100
Operation, care and maintenance
Controls and features
11n
Special operating instructions:
Break-in procedures 104
Driving notes 104
Catalytic converter 105
Antilock Brake System
(ABS) 106
Disc brakes 108
Brake system 109
Winter operation 110
Power steering 111
Cellular phones 112
Radio reception 112
Wheels and tires:
Tire inflation pressures 113
Tire condition 113
Tire replacement 114
Tire rotation 115
Wheel and tire
combinations 116
Winter tires 117
Snow chains 117
Approved wheel and tire
specifications 118
Under the hood:
Hood 120
Engine compartment 122
Washer fluids 124
Washer nozzles 124
Engine oil 125
Coolant 128
Brake fluid 129
Vehicle Identification
Number 130
Care and maintenance:
The BMW Maintenance
System 131
Caring for your car 132
Airbags 137
Vehicle storage 137
Laws and regulations:
Technical modifications to the
vehicle 138
OBD interface socket 139
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In case of electrical
malfunction:
Fuel filler door 156
Sliding/Tilt sunroof 156
Assistance, giving and
receiving:
Jump-starting 157
Towing the vehicle 158
Adaptive Transmission Control
(ATC) 162
Airbags 163
Dynamic Stability Control
(DSC) 163
Radio reception 164
Safety belt tensioner 164
Interior rearview mirror with
automatic dimming
feature 165
Rain sensor 166
Tire Pressure Control (RDC) 167
Self-diagnostics 168
Xenon lamps 169
Technical data
Replacement procedures:
Onboard tool kit 142
Windshield wiper blades 142
Lamps and bulbs 142
Changing a wheel 149
Battery 152
Fuses 154
Microfilter 155
Advanced technology
Owner service procedures
Contents
Engine data 172
Dimensions 173
Weights 174
Capacities 175
Electrical system 176
Ribbed V-belt 176
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Index
13n
Everything from A to Z 180
Owner service procedures 186
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14n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Operation, care
and maintenance
Controls
Controls and features
Car care
Overview
Advanced technology
Technology Repairs
Owner service procedures
Data
Technical data
Index
Index
Cockpit 16
Instrument cluster 18
Indicator and warning lamps 20
Multifunction steering wheel
(MFL) 24
Hazard warning flashers 25
Warning triangle 25
First-aid kit 25
Refueling 26
Fuel specifications 26
Tire inflation pressure 27
Overview
15n
Overview
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460us001
16nCockpit
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Cockpit
17n
4 Shift lever/Selector lever* 64
For vehicles equipped with manual
transmission:
Press the lever to the left to
overcome the slight resistance to
engage reverse gear
Controls
3 Wiper/Washer system 68
Car care
2 > Turn signal indicator 68
> Parking lamps 83
> High beams 83
> Headlamp flasher 68
> Onboard computer* 76
Overview
1 Headlamp switch 82
8 Horn: The entire surface functions
as the horn
9 Adjusting steering wheel 51
10 Front fog lamps* 83
Data
7 Rear window defroster 70
Index
6 Hazard warning flashers 25
Technology Repairs
5 Central locking system 34
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cluster
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18nInstrument
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Instrument cluster
11 Indicator for
> Odometer 73
> Trip odometer 73
> Clock 75
5 Tachometer and Energy Control 73
> Service Interval 74
6 Engine coolant temperature gauge
Display for onboard computer *,
with "Coolant temperature too high"
operation via the turn signal lever:
indicator 74
Refer to page 76.
7 Indicator and warning lamps
> Clock
(clockwise) for
> Outside temperature
> Parking brake/Brake hydraulic
> Average fuel consumption
system/Cornering Brake Control
> Range
(CBC) 20
> Average speed
> ABS 22
12 Indicator for Check Control 75
> Brake pads 22
> Tire Pressure Control
(RDC)* 20, 22
> Airbags 21
> Please fasten safety belts 21
> Cruise control* 23
8 Clock reset
> Clock 75
> Service Interval 74
13 Trip odometer, reset to zero 73
You can display the outside temperature and distance driven in
different units of measurement. <
Overview
Controls
10 Indicator lamp for Dynamic Stability
Control (DSC) 22
Car care
4 Indicator lamp for
> Battery charge current 20
> High beams 23
> Engine oil pressure/Engine oil
level 20, 22
Technology Repairs
3 Speedometer
14 Indicator and warning lamps
(clockwise) for
> Front fog lamps* 23
> Add washer fluid 22
> Coolant level 23
> Electronic Engine Power Control
(EML)* 23
> Engine 22
Data
2 Turn signal indicator 23
9 Program display for automatic
transmission* 65, 67
Indicator lamp for automatic
transmission* 22, 65
Index
1 Fuel gauge with indicator lamp
for fuel reserve 74
19n
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20nIndicator
and warning lamps
Technology that monitors itself
Red: Stop immediately
Many of the systems of your BMW
monitor themselves automatically, both
during engine starts and while you are
driving. Indicator and warning lamps
that are identified by "●" are tested for
proper functioning whenever the ignition key is turned. They each light up
once for different periods of time.
Battery charge ●
The battery is no longer being
charged. There is a malfunction
of the alternator ribbed V-belt or in the
charging circuit of the alternator. Please
contact the nearest BMW center.
Tire Pressure Control (RDC)* ●
In addition, an acoustic signal is
sounded: A tire failure has occurred. Reduce vehicle speed immediately and stop the vehicle. Avoid hard
brake applications. Do not oversteer.
For additional information: Refer to
page 80.
If the ribbed V-belt is defective, do
not continue driving. If you do so,
the engine could be damaged due to
overheating. If the ribbed V-belt is defective, increased steering effort is also
required.<
Brake hydraulic system ●
If the lamp comes on when the
parking brake is not engaged:
Check the brake fluid level. Before driving further, be sure to read the notes on
pages 109 and 129.
If a fault should occur in one of these
systems, the corresponding lamp does
not go out after the engine is started, or
it lights up while the vehicle is moving.
You will see how to react to this below.
Engine oil pressure ●
Stop the vehicle and switch off
the engine immediately. Check
the engine oil and top up as required. If
the oil level is correct, please contact
the nearest BMW center.
Brake warning lamp for Canadian models.
Do not continue driving. If you do
so, the engine could be damaged
because of inadequate lubrication.<
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Indicator and warning lamps
CBC, ABS and DSC indicator
and warning lamps for Canadian
models.
Brake warning lamp for Canadian models.
Please fasten safety belts ●
An acoustic warning signal
sounds simultaneously. Lights
up for a few seconds or until the safety
belt is fastened.
For additional information on safety
belts: Refer to page 54.
Airbags ●
Please have the system inspected by your BMW center.
For additional information: Refer to
pages 56 and 163.
Overview
Controls
Parking brake
Comes on when the parking
brake is applied – an additional
acoustic signal sounds when starting
off.
For additional information: Refer to
page 63.
Car care
Cornering Brake Control (CBC) ●
If the brake warning lamp comes
on together with the yellow indicator lamps for ABS and DSC:
The entire ABS, CBC and DSC
control system has failed. Continue driving cautiously and
defensively. Avoid hard brake
applications. Please have the system
checked by your BMW center as soon as
possible.
For additional information: Refer to
pages 79 and 107.
Red: An important reminder
Technology Repairs
Do not continue driving until you
have topped up the engine oil. If
you continue to drive, the engine could
be damaged because of inadequate
lubrication.<
Red and yellow: Continue driving
cautiously
Data
Engine oil level
Comes on while driving: Stop
the vehicle and switch off the
engine immediately. The oil level is at
the absolute minimum.
For additional information: Refer to
page 125.
Index
Yellow: Stop immediately
21n
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22nIndicator
and warning lamps
Orange: Consult the nearest BMW Yellow: Check as soon as
center
possible
Automatic transmission*
Because of a malfunction, the
automatic transmission shifts
only in the emergency program. Please
consult the nearest BMW center.
For additional information: Refer to
page 65.
Dynamic Stability Control
(DSC) ●
DSC has been switched off or
Antilock Brake System (ABS) ●
has
been
deactivated because of a malABS has been deactivated in refunction. In the event of a malfunction,
sponse to system malfunction.
Conventional braking efficiency is avail- have the system checked by your BMW
center.
able without limitations. Please have
For additional information: Refer to
the system inspected by your BMW
page 79.
center.
For additional information: Refer to
page 107.
ABS warning lamp for Canadian
models.
Engine oil level
Comes on after the engine has
been turned off: Check the
engine oil level.
For additional information: Refer to
page 125.
Brake pads ●
Have the brake pads checked.
For additional information: Refer
to page 109.
Tire Pressure Control (RDC)* ●
Check the tire pressure. Refer to
pages 27 and 80.
Add washer fluid
The washer fluid is too low. Top
off the fluid at the earliest opportunity.
For additional information: Refer to
page 124.
Service engine soon ●
There is a defect in the Engine
Management system. It is important to note that an illuminated lamp is
intended to inform the driver of the need
for service, not of the need to stop the
vehicle.
This can also be an indication that the
filler cap was not properly tightened after
refueling. Please have the system inspected by your BMW center.
For additional information: Refer to
page 139.
Engine Management warning
lamp for Canadian models.
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Indicator and warning lamps
Front fog lamps*
Lights up whenever you switch
on the front fog lamps.
For additional information: Refer to
page 83.
Overview
Technology Repairs
Cruise control*
Comes on when the cruise control is activated. Available for
operation via the multifunction steering
wheel.
For additional information: Refer to
page 71.
Controls
High beams
Lights up when the high beams
are on or the headlamp flasher
is actuated.
For additional information: Refer to
pages 68 and 83.
Car care
Blue: For your information
Turn signal indicator
Flashes when the turn signal indicator is actuated. Includes the
trailer turn signals if you are towing a
trailer. Rapid flashing indicates a system malfunction.
For additional information: Refer to
page 68.
Data
Add coolant
The coolant level is too low. Top
up the coolant at the earliest
opportunity.
For additional information: Refer to
page 128.
Green: For your information
Index
Electronic Engine Power Control
(EML)* ●
Malfunction in engine timing.
Higher brake application pressure may
be necessary and brake pedal travel
may be significantly longer. Please have
the system inspected by your BMW
center.
23n
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steering wheel (MFL)*
The controls integrated in the multifunction steering wheel are provided
so that you can operate a number of
accessories quickly and without being
distracted from traffic conditions. You
may operate:
> selected radio functions
> the cruise control
> selected cellular phone functions.
In order to operate a system via
the MFL, the corresponding system controls must be switched on.<
460de065
24nMultifunction
1 Cellular phone: Receive a call, initiate
dialing and terminate a call
6 Horn: The entire surface functions as
the horn
2 Radio/Cellular phone: Select
7 Cruise control: Resume stored setting
3 Radio/Cellular phone: Scan backward or scan station keys or scroll in
the phone listings
8 Cruise control: Store and accelerate
(+); decelerate and store (–)
4 Radio/Cellular phone: Volume
9 Cruise control: Activate/Interrupt/
Cancel.
5 Radio/Cellular phone: Scan forward
or scan station keys or scroll in the
phone listings
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Warning triangle*
First-aid kit*
25n
Controls
To close: Fold the cover up.
Some of the articles in the first-aid
kit may be used within a limited
time only. For this reason, check the
expiration dates of each of the items
regularly, and replace any whose expiration dates have passed. You can purchase replacements in any drugstore or
pharmacy. Comply with legal requirements that cover the availability of a
first-aid kit in the car.<
Car care
460de003
To open: Pull the handle and fold the
cover down.
Technology Repairs
Comply with legal requirements
that cover the availability of a
hazard warning triangle in the car.<
The first-aid kit is located under the
passenger seat.
Data
To help you locate the switch in an
emergency, the button is also illuminated whenever the car lamps are on.
The hazard warning triangle is stored in
a recess on the left-hand side of the
luggage compartment where it is
quickly available.
Index
The push button flashes rhythmically
when the hazard flashers are on.
460de071
460us002
Overview
Hazard warning flashers
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26nRefueling
Fuel specifications
Use unleaded gasoline only.
Fuel filler door
Press on the rear edge of the fuel filler
door to open and close it.
To unlock the fuel filler door if there is a
malfunction of the central locking system, refer to page 156.
When handling fuels, comply with
all of the applicable safety precautions and regulations pertaining to fuels.
Never carry spare fuel containers in your
vehicle. Whether empty or full, these
containers can leak, cause an explosion, or lead to fire in the event of a collision.<
460de005
460de004
Recommended fuel: Premium with a
minimum octane rating of 91 AKI.
Simple and environmentally
friendly
Open the fuel filler cap carefully.
If you do not, fuel could spray out.
Fuel spray may cause injury.<
BMW engines are equipped with knock
sensors and will adapt automatically to
different octane ratings, provided that
the minimum octane requirement
(87 AKI) is met.
Fuels with higher octane ratings will provide enhanced performance and lower
fuel consumption, while the use of fuels
with lower octane ratings will have the
opposite effect.
Do not use leaded fuels. The use of
leaded fuels will cause permanent
damage to the system's oxygen sensor
and the catalytic convertor.<
Keep the filler cap in the bracket attached to the fuel filler door.
When refueling, insert the filler nozzle
AKI = Anti Knock Index
completely into the filler pipe. Pulling
the nozzle out of the pipe during refueling
> results in premature pump shutoff
> and will reduce the effect of the vapor
recovery system on the pump.
Close the fuel cap carefully after
refueling. A loose or missing cap
will activate the Service Engine Soon
warning lamp.<
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All pressure specifications are stated in
psi (kilopascal) with cold tires (cold =
ambient temperature). Refer to the next
page as well.
For vehicles with RDC (Tire Pressure
Control)*:
After a correction of the tire inflation
pressure, reactivate the system. Refer
to page 80.
Overview
Car care
The inflation pressures in the table apply to tires from BMW-approved manufacturers. Your BMW center is familiar
with these pressures. Higher pressures
may be specified for tires from other
manufacturers. You will find a list of
approved tires beginning on page 118.
Controls
Comply with tire approval
specifications
Technology Repairs
Check tire pressures
Check tire inflation pressures regularly – at least every two weeks
and before beginning a longer trip. Incorrect tire pressure can otherwise lead
to tire damage and accidents.
Also check the inflation pressure of the
space-saver tire or spare tire *. Inflate
the spare tire to the highest inflation
specified for your vehicle.<
Data
The inflation pressures are indicated on
a sticker attached to the door pillar behind the driver's door (visible with door
open).
27n
Index
460de163
Tire inflation pressure
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28nTire
BMW
inflation pressure
Tires
Inflation pressures in psi (kilopascal)
Summer tires
29 (2.0) 33 (2.3)
Winter tires
32 (2.2) 36 (2.5)
Summer tires
29 (2.0) 33 (2.3)
328i
Winter tires
32 (2.2) 36 (2.5)
All
Space-saver spare tire
61 (4.2) 61 (4.2)
For all-season tires, use the same tire inflation pressure as for
323i
33 (2.3) 41 (2.8)
36 (2.5) 44 (3.0)
33 (2.3) 41 (2.8)
36 (2.5) 44 (3.0)
61 (4.2) 61 (4.2)
summer tires.
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Index
Data
Technology Repairs
Car care
Controls
Overview
29n
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30n
Locks and security systems:
Keys 32
Electronic vehicle
immobilizer 33
Central locking system 34
Opening and closing – from
outside 34
Opening and closing – from
inside 38
Luggage compartment lid 39
Luggage compartment 41
Alarm system 42
Electric power windows 44
Sliding/Tilt sunroof 45
Adjustments:
Seats 47
Seat and mirror memory 50
Steering wheel 51
Mirrors 52
Car Memory, Key Memory 53
Passenger safety systems:
Safety belts 54
Child restraint systems 55
Child-safety locks 56
Airbags 56
Child restraints 59
Installing a child restraint
system 60
Controls
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Technology for safety and
convenience:
Park Distance Control (PDC) 78
Dynamic Stability Control
(DSC) 79
Tire Pressure Control (RDC) 80
Loading and transporting:
Through-loading system 97
Ski bag 98
Cargo loading 99
Roof-mounted luggage rack 100
Operation, care
and maintenance
Controls
Car care
Interior conveniences:
HiFi system 92
Glove compartment 92
Storage compartments 93
Cellular phones 95
Ashtray, front 95
Cigarette lighter 96
Ashtray, rear 96
Controls and features
Owner service procedures
Advanced technology
Technology Repairs
Controlling the climate for
pleasant driving:
Automatic climate control 86
Seat heating 91
Roller sun blind 91
Overview
Technical data
Data
Everything under control:
Odometer 73
Tachometer 73
Energy Control 73
Fuel gauge 74
Temperature gauge 74
Service Interval Display 74
Check Control 75
Clock 75
Onboard computer 76
Lamps:
Parking lamps/Headlamps 82
Dash lighting 82
High beams/Parking lamps 83
Fog lamps 83
Interior lamps 83
Reading lamps 84
Index
Index
Driving:
Steering/Ignition lock 61
Starting the engine 61
Switching off the engine 62
Parking brake 63
Manual transmission 64
Automatic transmission with
Steptronic 65
Turn signal indicator/Headlamp
flasher 68
Wiper/Washer system/Rain
sensor 68
Rear window defroster 70
Cruise control 71
Overview
31n
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32nKeys
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3 Door and ignition key
The locks for the luggage compartment lid and the glove compartment
cannot be operated with this key –
this is recommended for valet parking, for instance.
1 The master keys with remote control
determine the functions of the Key
Memory. Refer to page 53.
There is an extended-life battery
in every master key which is
charged automatically in the steering
lock as you drive.
For this reason, if you have a master
key that is otherwise not used, use that
key approximately once every year
while driving for an extended period.
This will charge the battery. Refer also
to page 35.<
Replacement keys
Replacement keys are available exclusively through your BMW center. Since
the keys belong to a security system
(refer to "Electronic vehicle immobilizer"
on page 33), your BMW center is obligated to be sure that a person requesting a key is authorized to do so.
If possible, take all of the master
keys that belong to the vehicle
with you when you pick up your replacement key.
When you receive a new replacement
key, turn that key to position 2 in the
ignition lock once (ignition switched on)
and then back. This allows the electronic vehicle immobilizer to "learn" the
new key.<
2 Spare key for storage in a safe place,
such as in your wallet. This key is not
intended for continuous use.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Overview
Controls
Car care
Your BMW is equipped with a passive
Force applied to the key can damanti-theft system. This electronic immoage the integrated electronic cirbilization system is designed to reduce
the susceptibility of the vehicle to theft cuitry. A damaged key can no longer be
used to start the engine.<
by making it impossible to start the
engine using any means other than the
special keys furnished with the vehicle.
Your BMW center can cancel the electronic system authorization for individual
keys (in the event of loss, for instance). A
deactivated key can no longer be used
to start the engine.
Technology Repairs
The key to security
At the heart of this system is an electronic chip that is integrated into the
key. The lock mechanism itself is actually a dual-function device, simultaneously serving as a communications
interface designed to allow the security
system to maintain a continuous stream
of variable, vehicle-specific signals with
the electronic circuitry in the key. The
system will not release the ignition, fuel
injection and starter unless it recognizes an "authorized" key.
Data
463de042
How the electronics work
33n
Index
Electronic vehicle immobilizer
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
34nCentral
locking system
Opening and closing – from outside
Convenience operating mode
The central locking system is ready for
operation whenever the driver's door is
closed. The system engages and releases the locks on the
You can also operate the power windows and sliding/tilt sunroof* via the
door lock.
> doors,
> luggage compartment lid and
> fuel filler door.
The central locking system can be
operated
> from outside via the door lock and
using the remote control
> from inside by pressing a button.
Activating it from inside does not lock
the fuel filler door (see page 38). When
the system is actuated from the outside, the antitheft system is activated
simultaneously. Both the door locks
and the safety lock buttons remain
locked. The alarm system* is also
armed or disarmed.
If locked from the inside, the central
locking system unlocks automatically in
the event of an accident. In addition,
the hazard warning flashers and interior
lamps come on.
460de006
The concept
Using the key
One turn of the key in the driver's door
lock unlocks the driver's door only.
Turning the key a second time unlocks
the passenger-side door, the luggage
compartment lid and the fuel filler door.
> To open: With the door closed, turn
the key to the "Unlock" position and
hold it.
> To close: With the door closed, turn
the key to the "Lock" position and
hold it.
Watch during the closing process
to be sure that no one is injured.
Releasing the key stops the operation.<
Manual operation
(in the event of electrical malfunction)
You can have a confirmation mes- Turn the key to the extreme left or right
sage set to inform you that the car to unlock/lock the door.
has been properly locked.<
You will find additional information on
the alarm system* on page 42.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
The anti-theft system is also deactivated simultaneously when you unlock
the vehicle, the alarm system * is disarmed, and the interior lamps are
turned on. When you lock the vehicle,
the systems are activated and armed,
and the lamps go off.
You can have a confirmation message set to inform you that the car
has been properly locked.<
Overview
Controls
Car care
Data
> Switch on the interior lamps
With this function, you can also
"search for" your car – when parked
in an underground garage, for instance.
> Open the luggage compartment
The luggage compartment lid will
open slightly, regardless of whether
the lid was previously locked or unlocked.
Master keys that are used repeatedly are always ready for operation since the battery in the transmitter
is charged automatically in the steering
lock as you drive.
If it is no longer possible to unlock the
vehicle via the remote control, the battery is discharged. Use this key while
driving for an extended period in order
to charge the battery. Refer also to
page 32.
To prevent unauthorized use of the remote control, surrender only the door
Master keys
and ignition key or the spare key (refer
Keys with remote control are master
to page 32) when leaving the vehicle for
keys. Refer to page 32.
valet parking, for example.
In the event of a system malfunction,
Children might be able to lock the
please contact your BMW center.
doors from the inside. For this reaYou can also obtain replacement keys
son, always take the vehicle keys with
there.<
you so that the vehicle can be opened
again from the outside at any time.<
Index
The remote control makes opening and
locking the doors of your vehicle very
convenient. Furthermore, it provides
two additional functions that can only
be executed by means of the remote
control:
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Using the remote control
35n
Technology Repairs
Opening and closing – from outside
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and closing – from outside
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36nOpening
To unlock the car
To lock and secure
To switch on the interior lamps
Press button 1 to unlock the driver's
door only.
Press button 2.
After locking the car, press button 2
again.
Press the button twice in order to
unlock the entire vehicle.
Convenience opening mode
Press and hold button 1. The power
windows and the sliding/tilt sunroof *
are opened.
To switch off the tilt alarm* and
interior motion sensor*
Press button 2 again immediately after
locking.
For additional information: Refer to
page 43.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
The proper functioning of the remote
The luggage compartment lid will open
slightly, regardless of whether the lid
was previously locked or unlocked.
Before and after a trip, be sure
that the luggage compartment lid
was not opened unintentionally.<
other units or equipment operating in
the immediate vicinity of your car.
If this should this occur, you can still
open and close the vehicle using the
master key in both the door and luggage compartment locks.
LX8EWS
LX8FZVS
LX8FZVE
Compliance statement:
This device complies with part 15 of the
FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions:
> This device may not cause harmful
interference, and
> this device must accept any interference received, including interference
that may cause undesired operation.
Any unauthorized modifications or
changes to these devices could
void the user's authority to operate this
equipment.<
Overview
Data
Non-BMW systems
FCC ID:
Controls
The transmitter and receiver units comply with part 15 of the FCC (Federal
Communications Commission) regulations. Operation is governed by the
following:
Car care
For US owners only
By pressing button 3 for two to five seconds, the alarm* can be sounded in the
event of danger, if it is armed.
Pressing button 1 will deactivate the
alarm.
The LED (light-emitting diode) lights up
briefly when the individual buttons are
pressed.
Technology Repairs
Panic-Mode (trigger alarm)
To open the luggage compartment control system may be affected by
Press button 3.
37n
Index
463de026
Opening and closing – from outside
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38nOpening
and closing – from inside
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To unlock and open the doors
Use this button to operate the central
locking system when the front doors
are closed. The doors and luggage
compartment lid are unlocked or locked
only. The antitheft alarm system is not
activated.
To engage the locks
> Either unlock the doors together with > Use the central locking button to lock
the button for the central locking sysall doors at once
tem and then pull each of the release
or
handles above the armrests
> press the individual safety lock butor
tons down. The fuel filler door then
> pull the release handle for each door
remains unlocked. As an added
twice: The first pull unlocks the door,
design feature to prevent the driver
and the second one opens it.
from being inadvertently locked out
of the vehicle, the driver's door safety
Doors locked from outside can be
lock button will not engage as long as
opened from inside by first pressthe door is open.
ing the button and then pulling a release handle twice.<
Children might be able to lock the
doors from the inside. For this reason, always take the vehicle's keys with
you so that the vehicle can be opened
again from the outside at any time.<
If only the driver's door was unlocked from the outside and you
press the button
> all other doors, the luggage compartment lid and the fuel filler door will be
unlocked when the driver's door is
opened.
> the driver's door will be locked again
when it is closed.<
If you desire, the central locking
system will secure the locks as
soon as you start to drive. This can be
adjusted to be key-specific.<
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Luggage compartment lid
Controls
To secure separately
To open from outside
Only the master key (refer to page 32)
fits in the lock of the luggage compartment.
Turn the master key to the right past the
resistance point and then pull it out in
the horizontal position.
Press the button in the handle recess
(arrow):
The luggage compartment lid opens
slightly.
The luggage compartment is lit when
the luggage compartment lid is opened.
Manual operation
(in the event of electrical malfunction)
The luggage compartment is locked
again as soon as you close the lid.
Data
Turn the master key to the left to the
stop – the luggage compartment lid will
open slightly.
Index
This locks the luggage compartment lid
and disconnects it from the central locking system. This feature can be used to
prevent unauthorized access to the luggage compartment when you surrender
the door and ignition key (refer to
page 32) for valet parking, for instance.
Car care
The lock
Technology Repairs
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Overview
39n
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40nLuggage
compartment lid
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Operate the vehicle only when the
luggage compartment lid is completely closed. Otherwise, exhaust
fumes could penetrate the interior of
the vehicle. Should it be absolutely necessary to operate the vehicle with the
luggage compartment lid open:
Opening from the inside
To close
If the luggage compartment lid has not
been locked separately, you can open it
with this button in the footwell on the
driver's side when the vehicle is stationary.
The handle recesses in the interior trim
panel of the luggage compartment lid
(arrows) make it easier to pull the lid
down.
> Close all windows. Shut the sliding/
tilt sunroof *.
> Increase the airflow of the automatic
climate control to a high level. Refer
to page 86.<
To avoid injuries, be sure that the
travel path of the luggage compartment lid is clear when it is closed,
as with all closing procedures.<
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Luggage compartment
Car care
You can turn the floor mat over if required (for transporting soiled objects
for instance). The rubberized side may
be washed. It reduces movement of objects placed on it.
Technology Repairs
Floor mat
To raise and secure the floor panel, lift
it by the ring and hook it into the rubber
seal of the run-off gutter with the
hanger (arrow).
Data
Floor panel
Index
460de180
460de106
Refer also to "Cargo loading" on
page 99.
Controls
The fittings at the corners of the luggage compartment provide you with a
convenient means of attaching luggage
nets* and flexible straps for securing
suitcases and luggage.
Overview
41n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
system*
The concept
The vehicle's alarm system responds:
> When a door, the hood or the luggage compartment lid is opened
> To movement inside the vehicle
(interior motion sensor)
> To a change of the vehicle's tilt – if
someone attempts to steal the wheels
or tow the vehicle without authorization, for example
> If there is an interruption of battery
voltage.
The alarm system signals unauthorized
access to the vehicle or an attempted
theft in different ways:
> Sounding an acoustical alarm for
30 seconds
> The hazard warning flashers are activated for approx. five minutes.
To activate and deactivate the
alarm system
When the vehicle is locked or unlocked
by using a key or with the remote control, the alarm system is also simultaneously armed or disarmed.
The interior motion sensor is activated
approx. 30 seconds after you have finished locking the car.
If the alarm system has been armed
correctly, the hazard warning flashers
flash once. An acoustic warning signal
sounds at the same time.
You can have different acknowledgment messages set to confirm
arming and disarming.<
460de105
42nAlarm
Indicator lamp displays
The indicator lamp is located under the
interior rearview mirror.
> When the indicator lamp flashes continuously: The system is armed.
> If the indicator lamp flashes during
You can also open the luggage comarming of the system: The door(s),
partment lid when the system is armed
the hood or luggage compartment lid
by pressing button 3 of the remote conare not completely closed. Even if
trol (refer to page 37). When it is closed,
you do not close the alerted area, the
the lid is once again secured.
system begins to monitor the remaining areas, and the indicator lamp
flashes continuously after 10 seconds. However, the interior motion
sensor is not activated.
> If the indicator lamp goes out when
the system is disarmed: No manipulation or attempted intrusions have
been detected in the period since the
system was armed.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Alarm system*
Lock the vehicle twice (= arm the system). Press button 2 on the remote control twice in succession or lock the
vehicle twice with the key (refer to
page 36).
The indicator lamp lights up briefly and
then flashes continuously. The tilt alarm
sensor and the interior motion sensor
are deactivated as long as the system is
armed.
Interior motion sensor
The transmitter and receiver of the interior motion sensor are located in a trim
panel in the vehicle's roof.
In order for the interior motion sensor to
function properly, the windows and
sliding/tilt sunroof must be completely
closed.
However, you should switch off the interior motion sensor (see previous column
under the heading "Avoiding an unintentional alarm") if you wish to leave the
windows or sliding/tilt sunroof open.
Controls
Technology Repairs
The tilt alarm sensor and interior motion
sensor may be switched off at the same
time. You can do this to prevent a false
alarm from being triggered (in garages
with elevator ramps, for instance), or
when the vehicle is transported by
trailer or train:
Data
Avoiding an unintentional alarm
460de159
Following triggering of an alarm, the indicator lamp will flash continuously.
Car care
The tilt sensor and interior motion
sensor are deactivated if the convenience closing mode for the windows
and the sliding/tilt sunroof is interrupted
within the first 10 seconds and then
reinitiated. If this happens, you must
disarm the system and then re-arm it.<
Index
> If the indicator lamp flashes for
10 seconds when the system is disarmed: An attempted entry has been
detected in the period since the system was armed.
Overview
43n
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44nElectric
power windows
460de013
Separate switches are located under
windows in the rear passenger area.
Open and close the windows
Safety feature
A contact strip is located on the inside
After the ignition has been switched off: upper frame of each of the windows. If
pressure is exerted against this contact
You can still operate the power winstrip while a window is being raised, the
dows for up to 15 minutes, as long as
system will respond by stopping the
neither of the front doors has been
window and then retracting it a small
opened.
distance.
Remove the key from the ignition
key and close the doors when you
leave the vehicle, so that children cannot operate the power windows and
possibly injure themselves.<
In ignition key position 1 or 2:
For the convenience operating mode
> Depress the switch until you feel
with the door lock or remote control,
resistance:
The window will continue to open as refer to page 34 or 35.
long as you hold the switch.
> Press the switch briefly past the pressure point:
The window will automatically open
completely. Pressing the switch
again briefly stops the opening cycle.
Despite this safety feature, be extremely careful to ensure that the
closing path of the window is not obstructed. Otherwise, an object might
not touch the contact strip in some situations (very thin objects, for instance).
You can disable this safety feature by
pressing the switch beyond the resistance point and holding it.<
You can close windows in the same
manner by pulling the switch.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Sliding/Tilt sunroof*
Overview
Controls
When lifting, the headliner retracts
several inches.
After the ignition has been switched off,
you can still operate the sunroof for up
to 15 minutes, as long as neither of the
front doors has been opened.
Car care
In ignition key position 1 or 2, press the
switch or slide it to the desired direction
until you feel resistance.
Technology Repairs
For the convenience operating mode
with the door lock or the remote control, refer to page 34 or 35.
Lifting – Opening – Closing
Automatic opening and closing
> Press the switch past the resistance
point briefly: The sunroof travels to
either the fully-closed or fully-open
position.
Data
To avoid pressure or drafts in the passenger compartment when the sunroof
Safety switch
is open or raised, keep the air vents in
You can use the safety switch to deacti- the dashboard open and increase the air
vate the rear power window switches
supply if necessary. Refer to page 89.
(when children are in the rear seats, for
If the sunroof is completely open, air
instance).
disturbances may be caused in the
Press the safety switch whenever vehicle when you are driving at higher
speeds. Close the roof as far as is necchildren are riding in the rear of
essary until this natural phenomenon
the vehicle. Careless use of the power
ceases.
windows can lead to injury.<
Index
Exercise care when closing the
sliding/tilt sunroof and keep it in
your field of vision until it is completely
closed. Failure to do so can result in
injuries.
Remove the key from the ignition and
close the doors when you leave the vehicle so that children cannot operate
the sunroof and possibly injure themselves.<
45n
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Electric power windows
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46nSliding/Tilt
sunroof*
> With the sunroof open, press the
switch briefly toward "Lift:" The sunroof automatically extends to its fully
raised position.
Pressing the switch again briefly stops
the motion immediately.
Safety feature
Power loss or malfunction
If the sliding/tilt sunroof encounters
resistance at a point roughly past the
middle of its travel when it is closing,
the closing cycle is interrupted and the
sunroof will open again slightly.
In the event of an electrical system malfunction, the sliding/tilt sunroof can be
manually operated. Refer to page 156.
Despite this safety feature, always
be careful to ensure that the closing path of the roof is not obstructed.
Otherwise, an object might not touch
the contact strip in some situations
(very thin objects, for instance).
You can disable this safety feature by
pressing the switch beyond the resistance point and holding it.<
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Mechanical seat
47n
Controls
Car care
Data
2 Cushion height
Pull the lever and apply weight to or
remove weight from the seat as required.
3 Backrest angle
Pull the lever and apply weight to or
remove weight from the backrest as
required.
Index
1 Longitudinal adjustment
Pull the lever and slide the seat to the
desired position.
After releasing the lever, apply pressure to the cushion to ensure that the
latch engages securely.
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460de109
Never try to adjust your seat while
operating the vehicle. The seat
could respond with an unexpected
movement, and the ensuing loss of vehicle control could lead to an accident.
Be sure that the safety belt remains
firmly against your body at all times. In
the event of a frontal impact, a loose lap
belt could slide over the hips, leading to
abdominal injury. In addition, the safety
belt's restraint effectiveness is reduced
if the belt is worn loosely.
Never ride with the backrest reclined to
an extreme angle (especially important
for the front passenger to remember).
If you do so, there is a risk that you will
slide under the safety belt in an accident, thus reducing the protection provided by the safety belt.<
Overview
For your personal safety when adjusting
the seat position, please follow the instructions below carefully:
Technology Repairs
Seat adjustment
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48nMechanical
seat
Head restraints
After a seat adjustment, adjust the
height of the safety belt also. Refer to
page 54.
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To reduce strain on the spinal column,
sit all the way back in the seat and rest
your back fully against the backrest.
In the ideal sitting posture, your head is
positioned along a straight line in relationship to your spinal column.
For long-distance driving, you may wish
to increase the backrest angle slightly
to reduce muscular tension. You should
be able to grasp the steering wheel at
its highest point with your arms slightly
bent.
460de283
Correct sitting posture
Adjustments
Removal
Height: Adjust by pulling up or pushing
down.
> Pull the head restraint upward to the
stop.
> Press the button (arrow) and remove
the head restraint.
In order to move to the lowest
positions, press button 1.<
Installation
To adjust the angle of the front head
restraints:
Rotate them in the desired direction.
> Press the button (arrow) and insert
the head restraint into the guides.
> Adjust the head restraint.
Head restraints reduce the risk of
injury to the cervical vertebra in
the event of an accident.
Adjust the head restraint so that its
center is approximately at the height of
your ears.<
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Lumbar support*
Power seat*
49n
3 Thigh support area:
Pull the lever and adjust the position
of the cushion for thigh support as
desired.
Controls
3 Backrest angle
The upper hips and spinal column reThe head restraint is adjusted manually.
ceive supplementary support to help
you maintain a relaxed, upright posture.
Please refer to the adjustment in> Press the front/rear of switch:
structions on page 47 to reduce
Increase/Decrease curvature.
the risk of personal injury.<
> Press the upper/lower end of the
switch: Increase the upper/lower curvature.
Car care
460de016
2 Cushion height
Technology Repairs
2 To adjust the tilt angle downward:
Push the lever as often as necessary
to reach the desired angle.
1 Backward/Forward adjustment
Data
1 To adjust the tilt angle upward:
Pull the lever as often as necessary to
reach the desired angle.
You can adjust the backrest's contour
for additional support in the curvature
of your spine's lumbar region.
Index
With this seat, you can also adjust the
tilt angle and the thigh support:
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Overview
BMW Sports Seat*
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50nPower
seat*
Seat and mirror memory*
To select a stored setting
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Convenience function:
1 Open the driver's door after unlocking
or set the ignition key in position 1.
2 Briefly press memory button 1, 2 or 3
as desired.
The adjustment cycle is canceled immediately if you press a seat adjustment switch or one of the memory
buttons.
Security function:
BMW Sports Seat
1 Tilt angle
2 Backward/Forward adjustment
3 Cushion height
4 Backrest angle
The head restraint and the thigh support area are adjusted manually.
Please refer to the adjustment instructions on page 47 to reduce
the risk of personal injury.<
1 With the driver's door closed and the
ignition key either removed or in position 0 or 2
2 Maintain pressure on the desired
memory button (1, 2 or 3) until the
The adjustment setting of the lumadjustment process is completed.
bar support is not saved in the
memory.<
If you press the MEMORY button accidentally: Press the button a second
To store
time; the indicator lamp goes out.<
1 Turn the key to ignition key position
Do not select a memory position
1 or 2.
while the vehicle is moving. If you
2 Adjust your seat and outside mirrors
do
so,
there is a risk of accident from
to the desired position.
3 Press the MEMORY button: The indi- unexpected seat movement.<
cator lamp in the button lights up.
4 Press memory button 1, 2 or 3 as desired: The indicator lamp goes out.
You can store and recall three different
driver's seat and outside mirror positions.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Seat and mirror memory*
Adjusting steering wheel 51n
You can deactivate this automatic feature: Set the mirror selection switch to
the "passenger side" position.
Car care
Controls
Do not adjust the steering wheel
while the vehicle is moving. If you
do so, there is a risk of accident from
unexpected movement.<
Technology Repairs
1 Move the mirror selector switch 1 to
the "driver's mirror" position.
2 When the selector lever is placed in
"Reverse," the passenger-side mirror
tilts downward. This allows the driver
to see the area directly adjacent to
the vehicle during parking (curbs,
etc.).
Data
(automatic curb monitor)
1 Push the locking lever downward.
2 Adjust the steering wheel (fore/aft
and up/down) to the desired position.
3 Pull the lever back in to clamp the
steering wheel in the new position.
Index
Passenger side exterior mirror tilt
function
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463de043
If you make use of this method of
adjustment, be sure that the footwell behind the driver's seat is unobstructed before unlocking the vehicle.
If you fail to do so, persons or objects
could be injured or damaged if the seat
should move backward.<
Overview
Your BMW center can adjust your
vehicle's systems in such a manner that your personalized settings are
automatically set for the seat and outside mirror positions when you unlock
the vehicle with your personal remote
control.<
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
52nMirrors
Exterior mirrors
1 Switch for 4-way adjustment
2 Selection switch for changing
between mirrors
The mirror on the passenger's
side features a lens with a more
convex surface than the mirror installed
on the driver's side. When estimating
the distance between yourself and
other traffic, bear in mind that the objects reflected in the mirror are closer
than they appear. Estimations of the
distance to following traffic should
therefore not be regarded as precise.
This is also true for the aspherical section of both exterior mirrors.<
Electric defrosting
Both mirrors are automatically defrosted
with the ignition key in position 2.
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You can also adjust the mirrors manually by pressing against the outer edges
of their lenses.
Interior rearview mirror
To reduce glare from behind when driving at night, tilt the small lever forward.
Lighted vanity mirror*
Fold down the sun visor and slide the
cover panel to the side as required.
The mirror lamps operate in ignition key
positions 1 and 2.
Sun visors
These can be folded down toward the
windshield or swiveled out against the
side windows.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Car Memory, Key Memory
The mirror switches to its clear, undimmed mode whenever the transmission is placed in reverse gear (selector
lever in "Reverse").
To ensure that the mirror continues to
operate properly, keep the two photocells clean and unobstructed. One photocell (arrow) is in the mirror glass, while
the other is offset somewhat on the
other side of the mirror.
For an explanation of the electrochromic technology used in this mirror, refer
to page 165.
You have probably frequently wished
that you could configure individual
functions of your vehicle to reflect your
own personal requirements. In engineering your vehicle, BMW has included several user-defined functions
in the vehicle's design. Your BMW center can make these settings for you in
accordance with your wishes.
There are settings related to the vehicle
("Car Memory") and settings related to
individuals ("Key Memory"). You can
have up to four different basic settings
adjusted for four different persons. The
only requirement is that each person
uses his or her own remote control key.
When your vehicle is unlocked with the
remote control, the vehicle recognizes
You will see this symbol throughout the Owner's Manual. It is to remind you at appropriate places of the
settings that are available to you.<
An example of Key Memory is the automatic adjustment of the driver's power
seat* with settings stored in the memory for the individual driver when the
vehicle is unlocked.
Controls
Your BMW center can provide you with
details on the capabilities of the Car
Memory and Key Memory systems.
Data
By responding to the effects of ambient
light and the glare from following traffic,
this mirror automatically dims through
an infinitely-variable range.
How the system functions
What the system can do
Index
Interior rearview mirror with
automatic dimming feature*
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In order for you to distinguish between
different keys, colored decals are supplied together with the keys.
Car care
the individual user by means of a data
exchange with the key, and makes adjustments accordingly.
Overview
53n
Technology Repairs
Mirrors
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
54nSafety
belts
Fasten your safety belt at the beginning
of every trip.
To fasten:
Make sure you hear the catch engage in
the belt buckle.
To release:
Press the red button in the buckle. Hold
the belt and guide it back into its reel.
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In the rear, the belt buckle with the
word "CENTER" is provided exclusively for the passenger sitting in the
middle.
Safety belt height adjustment
You can adjust the safety belts to fit
your own physical dimensions by using
the safety belt height adjustment.
Slide the button downward or upward.
For your safety, please comply
with the following instruction for
wearing safety belts. If you do not, the
safety belts may not be able to provide
their maximum protection. The following information also applies to your
passengers:
Never allow more than one person to
wear a single safety belt. Never allow
infants or small children to ride in a passenger's lap.
Avoid twisting the belt while routing it
firmly across your hips and shoulder.
Do not allow the belt to rest against
hard or fragile objects in your pockets.
Never route the belt across your neck,
do not run it across sharp edges and be
sure that the belt does not become
caught or jammed.
Be sure that the safety belt fits snugly
against your body at all times, and
avoid wearing clothing that prevents
the belt from fitting properly. Pull on the
belt periodically to readjust the tension
across your shoulder. In the event of a
frontal impact, a loose lap belt could
slide over your hips, leading to abdomi-
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
For care instructions, refer to "Car care"
page 135.
If the safety belt system has been
subjected to the stresses involved in an accident or otherwise
damaged: Have the entire safety belt
mechanism replaced by your BMW
center, including the safety belt tensioner. In addition, have your BMW
center inspect the safety belt anchors.
If a child restraint system was in the vehicle during an accident, consult the
manufacturer's instructions regarding
replacement.<
Overview
Controls
Car care
Never install a rear-facing child restraint device on the front passenger seat. Injuries could occur if the airbag is triggered in the event of an
accident.
Children should always ride in the rear.
Do not modify the child restraint system
in any way. If you do so, it will not provide your child with maximum protection.<
Technology Repairs
nal injury. In addition, the safety belt's
restraint effectiveness is reduced if the
belt is worn loosely.
Expectant mothers should also wear
the safety belt, taking special care to
place the lap belt over the lower hips,
where it does not exert pressure on the
abdominal area.<
55n
Data
Child restraint systems*
Index
Safety belts
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
On a rear door, the push the safety
lever downward:
The door can now be opened from the
outside only.
1 Front airbags for driver and passenger
2 Side impact Head Protection System
(front)
3 Side airbags (front and rear*).
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Airbags
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locks
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56nChild-safety
The illustration depicts schematically
the primary directions of vehicle impact
that initiate an airbag deployment.
Protective effect
The front airbags supplement the threepoint safety belts by providing additional
protection for the front-seat occupants
in the event of a severe frontal collision
on which the protection afforded by the
belts alone may no longer be sufficient.
The head and side airbags help provide
protection in the event of a side impact.
Each of the side airbags is designed to
help support the upper body.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Airbags
System malfunction:
> The indicator lamp fails to come on.
> The indicator lamp comes on briefly
before going out, and then lights up
again.
If there is a system malfunction, there is
a risk that the airbags will not be triggered within their normal response
range, even if the level of impact would
normally have triggered them.
Have your BMW center inspect and
repair the system immediately.
The airbag indicator lamp also
comes on if the safety belt tensioners have been triggered.<
Overview
Controls
Car care
> The indicator lamp comes on briefly
then goes out.
Do not use the cover panel above the
front passenger airbag as a storage
area.
Never tape the airbag cover panels,
cover them over or alter them in any
other way.
Never install a rear-facing child restraint
device on the front passenger seat. Children under 13 years of age and children
who are smaller than 5 feet (150 cm),
should only travel in the rear seat.
If your vehicle is equipped with side airbags in the rear, be sure that child seats
are installed correctly and with the
greatest possible distance from the side
trim panels. Do not allow children to
lean out of the child's seat in the direction of the side trim panels. Otherwise,
serious injuries could occur if the airbag
is triggered.
At all times, occupants should sit upright and be properly restrained (infants
and small children in appropriate child
restraint systems; larger children and
adults using the safety belts). Never let
an occupant's head rest near or on a
side airbag because the inflating airbag
could cause a serious or fatal injury.
Please note that the word "Airbag" imprinted on the door trim panel indicates
the airbag's location.
Technology Repairs
System operational:
For your own safety, please comply with the following precautions
concerning airbags. If you do not, their
protective function may be impaired
and your personal safety endangered.
The following information pertains to all
occupants:
The airbags are supplemental restraint
devices designed to provide extra protection; they are not a substitute for
safety belts. Wear your safety belt at all
times. The airbags will not be triggered
in the event of a minor accident, a vehicle roll-over, or collisions from the rear.
In these instances, the safety belt offers
the best protection.
Airbags are located under the cover
panels in the steering wheel, in the instrument panel, in the side trim panels
in the front and rear*, in the roof panels,
and in the sides of the inside roof lining.
Select a seat position that is comfortable and allows the greatest possible
distance from each of the applicable airbags. Hold the steering wheel at the rim
(hands at the "9 o'clock and 3 o'clock"
positions) in order to avoid injuries to
your hands or arms if the airbag is triggered.
Never allow any objects to obstruct the
area between the airbag and an occupant.
Data
The indicator lamp displays the
operational status of the airbag
system when the ignition key is
in position 1 and higher.
Index
Indicator lamp
57n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Accident research shows that the safest
place for children in an automobile is in
the rear seat. However, a child sitting in
the rear seat and not properly restrained
may place his or her head on or near the
side airbag, if so equipped. For example, a child – even though belted – may
fall asleep with his or her head against
the side airbag. It may be difficult for a
driver to ensure that children in the rear
seat will remain properly positioned at
all times and not place their heads on or
near the side airbag. Therefore, we recommend that the rear seat side airbags,
if provided, be deactivated if you plan to
transport children in the rear seat.
The rear seat side airbags may already
have been deactivated, either at the
time of manufacture or by a BMW center. Labels in the rear door opening
should indicate the status of your rear
seat side airbags. If you are uncertain of
their status, or wish to have the airbags
activated or deactivated, please contact
your BMW center.<
Even when all these guidelines are observed, there is still a small residual risk
of injuries to the face, hands and arms
occurring from airbag deployment in
isolated instances. The ignition and inflation noise may induce a mild temporary hearing loss in sensitive individuals.
For additional information concerning
the airbag system: Refer to pages 137
and 163.
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58nAirbags
This is the right way for a child to sit in a
child restraint when rear side airbags
(arrow) are provided.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Adjust the tether strap according to the
child restraint manufacturer's instructions.
Before installing any child restraint
device or child seat, please read
the following:
Never install a rearward-facing child restraint system in the front passenger
seat of this car.
Your car is equipped with an airbag
supplemental restraint system for the
front passenger. Because the backrest
on any rear-facing child restraint system
(of the kind designed for infants under
1 year and 20 lbs.) would be within the
airbag's deployment range, you should
never mount such a device in the front
passenger seat, since the impact of the
Overview
Controls
Car care
If the respective seating position is fitted with a headrest lift the headrest and
pass the tether strap between the
headrest and the seat back.
Technology Repairs
If you use a child restraint system with a
tether strap, three additional tether anchorage points (refer to the arrows in
the illustration) have been provided.
Depending on the location selected for
seating in the rear passenger area, attach the tether strap to the corresponding anchorage point to secure the child
restraint system. Remove the cover first
on the middle location.
Data
Commercially available child seats
complying with the legal standard are
designed to be secured with a lap belt
or with the lap belt portion of a combination lap/shoulder belt. Improperly or
inadequately installed restraint systems can increase the risk of injury to
children. Always read and follow the instructions that come with the system.
59n
Index
This is the right way for a larger child to
sit wearing the safety belt when rear
side airbags (arrow) are provided.
Child restraints*
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Airbags
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
restraints*
airbag against the child restraint's backrest could lead to serious or fatal injuries.
If it is necessary for a child (not an infant) to ride in the front seat, certain precautions should be taken. First, move
the passenger seat as far away from the
dashboard as possible. This important
precaution is intended to maximize the
distance between the airbag and the
child. Older children should be tightly
secured with the safety belt. Younger
children should be secured in an appropriate forward-facing child restraint system that has first been properly secured
with a safety belt.
Never install a rear-facing child restraint
system in the front passenger seat.
We strongly urge you to carefully read
and comply with the instructions for installation and use provided by the child
restraint's manufacturer whenever you
use such a device.
Be sure that all occupants (of all ages)
remain properly and securely restrained
at all times.c
Installing a child restraint system
Unlock the safety belt
Release the safety belt, remove the
child's seat and pull the safety belt out
to its end position on the belt retractor.
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60nChild
All of the rear belt retractors and the
front passenger's safety belt can be
locked for mounting and securing child
restraint systems.
Information pertaining to this is located
in the immediate vicinity of the buckle
latch of each safety belt.
Lock the safety belt
Extract the entire length of the belt from
the inertia reel mechanism. Allow the
reel to retract the belt somewhat and
engage the buckle, then tighten the belt
against the child restraint system. The
All rear seating positions in your vehicle retraction mechanism is now locked.
meet the recommendations of SAE
The belt cannot be extracted further.
J1819, an industry recommended prac- Always comply with the installation
tice for securing child restraint systems instructions provided by the manufacin motor vehicles.
turer of the child restraint system.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
After removing the key, turn the steering wheel slightly to the left or right until
the lock engages.
If the key is not removed, an acoustic
signal is sounded after the driver's door
has been opened.
Vehicles with automatic transmission:
Do not move the selector lever from the
"Park" position until the engine is running (ignition key at position 2).
In order to turn the key back to position
0 or to remove it, move the selector
lever into position "Park" first (Interlock).<
2 Ignition on
All electrical equipment and accessories are available for use.
3 Starting the engine
Vehicles with manual transmission: Depress the clutch when
starting the vehicle. A lockout prevents
the engine from starting if the clutch is
not depressed.c
Do not run the engine in enclosed
areas. The exhaust gases contain
carbon monoxide, an odorless and colorless, but highly toxic gas. Breathing
the exhaust gases poses an extreme
health risk, and can lead to unconsciousness and death.
Do not leave the car unattended with
the engine running. An unattended vehicle with a running engine represents a
potential safety hazard.<
> Start the engine. Do not press the
accelerator pedal.
Do not actuate the starter for too
short a time, but not turn it for more
than approx. 20 seconds. Release the
ignition key immediately when the
engine starts.
Do not allow the engine to warm up by
leaving it running while the vehicle remains
stationary. Instead, begin driving immediately at a moderate engine speed.<
Overview
> Engage the parking brake.
> Be sure that the shift lever is in "Neutral" (or "Park" if the vehicle is equipped
with an automatic transmission).
> Manual transmission: Depress the
clutch pedal.
> Automatic transmission: Depress the
footbrake.
Controls
Before starting
Turning the steering wheel slightly to
the right or left often makes it easier to
turn the key from 0 to 1.
Individual electrical devices are ready
for operation.
Car care
1 Steering lock disengaged
Technology Repairs
The key can only be inserted or removed in this position.
61n
Data
0 Steering lock engaged
Starting the engine
Index
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Steering/Ignition lock
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62nStarting
the engine
If the engine does not start on the first
attempt (if it is very hot or cold, for instance):
> Press the accelerator pedal halfway
down while engaging the starter.
Cold start at extremely low temperatures, from approx. + 5 7 (– 15 6)
and at elevations above 3,300 feet
(1,000 meters):
> On the first start attempt, engage the
starter for a longer period (approx.
10 seconds)
> Press the accelerator pedal halfway
down while engaging the starter.
Switching off the engine
Turn the ignition key to position 1 or 0.
Do not remove the ignition key
while the vehicle is still moving.
If you did so, the steering lock would
engage when the steering wheel is
turned.
When you leave the vehicle, always remove the ignition key and engage the
steering lock.
Vehicles with manual transmission:
Always engage the parking brake when
parking on slopes and inclined surfaces. Placing the lever in 1st gear or
reverse may not provide adequate
resistance to rolling.
Vehicles with automatic transmission:
Place the selector lever in "Park."<
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
To release
Pull up slightly on the lever, press the
button and lower the lever.
The parking brake is designed primarily
to prevent the vehicle from rolling when
it is parked. It operates against the rear
wheels.
To avoid corrosion, apply the parking
brake lightly from time to time when
coasting to a standstill (at a traffic signal, for instance), provided that it is safe
to do so.
Overview
Controls
Car care
Technology Repairs
The lock engages automatically when
you lift the lever. The indicator lamp in
the instrument cluster lights up in ignition key position 2. Refer to page 21.
If, in exceptional circumstances,
it should be necessary to engage
the parking brake while the vehicle is
in motion, do not pull the lever with
excessive pressure. Keep your thumb
pressed against the release button
while carefully pulling the lever up to
apply moderate pressure.
Excessive pressure can lead to overbraking and loss of traction (fishtailing)
at the rear axle.
The brake lamps do not come on when
the parking brake is engaged.
Vehicles with manual transmission:
Always engage the parking brake when
parking on slopes and inclined surfaces. Placing the lever in 1st gear or
reverse may not provide adequate
resistance to rolling.
Vehicles with automatic transmission:
Place the selector lever in "Park."<
Data
To engage
63n
Index
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Parking brake
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
64nManual
transmission
Reverse
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Select "Reverse" only when the vehicle
is at a complete stop. Press the shift
lever to the left to overcome the slight
resistance.
The shift lever's neutral plane (dot in the
illustration) is located between 3rd and
4th gears.
As you do this, the backup lamps will
turn on automatically when the ignition
key is in position 2.
Do not hold the vehicle in place on
slopes by slipping or "riding" the
clutch. Use the parking brake instead.
A slipping clutch increases clutch
wear.<
When shifting from each gear into
"Neutral," the shift lever returns automatically to this neutral position because of its spring loading.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Automatic transmission with Steptronic*
Range selection
A detent prevents inadvertent shifts into
certain selector lever positions. To disengage the detent, press the button on
the front of the shift knob (arrow).
Select only when the vehicle is stationary. The transmission locks to prevent
the rear wheels from turning.
Overview
Controls
Car care
Technology Repairs
For additional details concerning the
ATC, please refer to the chapter describing "Advanced technology" on
page 162.
If you leave the vehicle with the
engine running, move the selector
lever to the "Park" or "Neutral" position
and apply the parking brake. If you fail
Selector lever positions
to do this, the vehicle could move. Do
P R N D M/S + –
not leave the car unattended with the
engine running. An unattended vehicle
Starting the engine
with a running engine represents a poThe engine can only be started in selec- tential safety hazard.<
tor lever positions P ("Park") or N ("Neutral").
P Park
R Reverse
Select only when the vehicle is stationary.
Data
The automatic transmission with Steptronic is equipped with ATC (Adaptive
Transmission Control). ATC reacts with
precision to your individual driving style
and the current driving conditions. It is
for this reason that various shift programs are used.
While the vehicle is stationary and
before shifting out of "Park" or
"Neutral," depress the footbrake in
order to disengage the selector lever's
lock mechanism (Shiftlock).
Hold the footbrake down until starting
off. Otherwise the vehicle will "creep"
when a drive position is engaged.<
N Neutral
Select only if your journey is interrupted
for a long period.
Index
When you move the selector lever from
the "D" position to the left into the M/S
range, the performance-oriented shift
programs of the automatic transmission
are engaged. As soon as you briefly
touch the selector lever in the "+" or "–"
direction, Steptronic changes the gear.
The manual mode is engaged. Whenever you want to use automatic again,
just shift the selector lever toward the
right to position D.
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You have the option of driving with a
normal automatic transmission or
switching to manual.
65n
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66nAutomatic
transmission with Steptronic*
D Drive (automatic shift program)
This position is designed for driving under all normal operating conditions. All
forward gears are available.
In the "Kickdown" mode, you achieve
the maximum acceleration and the top
speed in position D.
To activate this mode, depress the accelerator pedal beyond the full-throttle
position, at which a resistance point
must be overcome.
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"Kickdown"
M/S Manual operation and
Sport Program
Shifting from D into M/S activates the
Sport Program. This is indicated by
"SD" in the gear selection display. This
position is recommended for a performance-oriented driving style.
Upshifts or downshifts will only be carried out by the ATC at appropriate engine speeds and road speeds. If the engine speed is too high, for instance, a
downshift will not be executed. The gear
selected will appear briefly in the instrument cluster followed by the current
gear.
To accelerate quickly in the manual mode (to pass another vehicle,
for instance), shift down manually or
employ the kickdown mode.<
Shifting from M/S to the selector lever
positions P, R and N is possible only by
going through D.
With the first brief touch, the automatic
transmission shifts from the Sport Program to the manual mode.
When you move the selector lever forward in the "+" direction, the transmission shifts up. When the lever is moved
back in the "–" direction, the transmission shifts down. M1 to M5 appear in
the gear indicator.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Automatic transmission with Steptronic*
P R N D SD M1 M2 M3 M4 M5
If this happens, avoid extreme engine
loads and consult the nearest BMW
center.
Do not work in the engine compartment when a drive gear (forward or reverse) is engaged. If you do
this, the vehicle could move.<
For towing, tow-starting or jump-starting the vehicle, refer to the information
beginning on page 157.
Overview
Controls
Car care
Available displays
Wait a few seconds, then start the
engine.
If the indicator lamp goes out after a
few seconds, normal transmission performance has been restored. You may
continue to drive as usual.
If the indicator lamp does not go out,
you can place the selector lever in all
positions. However, the vehicle will now
only operate in 3rd and 4th gear.
Technology Repairs
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Bring the vehicle to a stop, select transmission position "P," set the parking
brake and turn the engine off (ignition
key to position 0).
Data
If the indicator lamp comes on,
there is a malfunction in the
transmission system.
Index
Electronic transmission control
module
In the following situations, the Steptronic "thinks" for you in the manual
mode:
> In order to prevent the engine from
overrevving, the transmission shifts
automatically to the next higher gear
just before the RPM cutoff point.
> If you do not do anything to intervene, it will automatically downshift
at lower speeds.
> In kickdown, it will downshift into
the lowest gear possible, depending
on the engine speed.
> According to the situation, for instance in wintry conditions, the
vehicle can be started in 2nd or
3rd gear.
67n
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68nTurn
signal indicator/Headlamp flasher
Wiper/Washer system
To signal briefly
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Press the lever up to but not beyond
the detent. It then returns to the center
position when released.
1 High beams (blue indicator)
0 Wipers retracted
2 Headlamp flasher (blue indicator)
1 Intermittent wipe or rain sensor *
3 Turn signal indicator (green indicator
lamp accompanied by periodic clicking sound from the relay).
2 Normal wipe
If the indicator lamp and the clicking
from the relay are both faster than normal, one of the turn indicators has
failed.
3 Fast wipe
4 Brief wipe
5 Automatic windshield washer
6 Rotary dial for control of the wipe
interval or the sensitivity of the rain
sensor.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Wiper/Washer system
To activate the rain sensor:
In ignition key positions 1 or 2, move
the lever to position 1. The wipers travel
once across the windshield, regardless
of the weather.
When the vehicle is stationary, the wipers operate at normal speed (not on
vehicles with rain sensor).
5 Automatic windshield washer
The system sprays washer fluid against
the windshield and activates the wipers
for a brief period.
If you pull the lever only briefly, the system sprays washer fluid onto the windshield without activating the wipers.
Overview
Controls
3 Fast wiper speed
Car care
When the vehicle is stationary, the wipers switch automatically to intermittent
wipe (not on vehicles with rain sensor).
Technology Repairs
You can use rotary dial 6 to select from
> turn rotary dial 6 briefly or
four wipe intervals.
> use the automatic windshield
In addition, the wipe interval automatiwasher 5.
cally adapts to variations in road speed.
To modify the sensitivity of the rain
Rain sensor:
sensor:
The rain sensor is positioned on the
Turn rotary dial 6.
windshield, directly ahead of the interior rearview mirror. When the rain senTurn the rain sensor off when
sor is activated, the windshield wiper is
passing through an automatic car
controlled automatically, depending on
wash. Failure to do so could result in
the degree of wetness of the windshield
damage caused by undesired wiper
(in both snow and rain). You do not
activation.<
have to be concerned with switching
the windshield wiper on or off or adjusting the wipe interval between intermittent and full wipe. Instead, you can
concentrate fully on the traffic conditions. This is especially important under
adverse weather conditions.
2 Normal wiper speed
Data
Intermittent wipe:
You can leave the lever permanently in
position 1, and then activate the rain
sensor in ignition key positions 1 or 2.
To do this,
Index
1 Intermittent wipe or rain
sensor*
69n
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70nWiper/Washer
system
Rear window defroster
Headlamp washers*
To deactivate
When the vehicle's lighting system is
switched on, the headlamps will also be
cleaned every fifth time the automatic
windshield washer is activated.
Press the button if the indicator lamp is
on.
460de026
Do not use the washers if there
is any danger that the fluid will
freeze on the windshield. If you do so,
your vision could be obscured. Use an
antifreeze agent. Refer to page 124.
Do not use the washers when the reservoir is empty. If you do so, the washer
To activate
pump could be damaged.<
Press the button: As long as the indicator lamp remains on, the rear window
Windshield washer jets
defroster continues at high-output
The windshield washer jets are heated * (rapid thaw).
automatically when the ignition key is in After the indicator lamp goes out, the
position 2.
defroster continues operating at reduced power for a limited period before
deactivating automatically.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Cruise control*
In ignition key positions 1 or 2:
Press button 1. The indicator lamp in
the instrument cluster comes on. You
can now use the cruise control.
If, on a downhill gradient, the
engine braking effect is not sufficient, the controlled speed may be
exceeded. Speed may drop on uphill
grades if the engine output is insufficient.<
Controls
Car care
Press and hold button 2:
With the cruise control active, the system automatically reduces the throttle
opening to slow the vehicle. When you
release the button, the system registers
and maintains the current speed.
Technology Repairs
To activate the system
Press and hold button 3:
The vehicle accelerates without pressure on the accelerator pedal. When
you release the button, the system registers and maintains the current speed.
Press button 2 briefly:
When the cruise control is active, vehicle speed is reduced by approx.
0.6 mph (approx. 1 km/h) every time
you briefly press the button.
Data
You can store and automatically maintain any desired vehicle speed above
approx. 20 mph (30 km/h).
Press button 3 briefly:
The system registers and maintains the
current vehicle speed. The speed will
now be increased by approx. 0.6 mph
(approx. 1 km/h) every time you briefly
press the button.
To decelerate
Index
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To store and maintain speed or
to accelerate
Overview
71n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
72nCruise
control*
To cancel the cruise control
To resume the stored setting
To deactivate the system
When the system is activated, press
and hold button 1. The indicator lamp
stays on. You can use the cruise control
again as desired.
Press button 4:
The vehicle accelerates to and maintains the last speed stored. When you
turn the ignition key to position 0, the
stored speed is deleted from the system's memory and the system is deactivated.
When the cruise control has been canceled, press button 1 again. The indicator lamp goes off and the stored speed
is canceled.
In addition, cruise control is canceled
automatically:
> if the brakes are applied
> if the clutch is depressed or the automatic transmission selector lever is
moved from "Drive" to "Neutral"
> if you exceed or fall below the programmed speed for an extended period (by depressing the accelerator,
for example).
Do not use cruise control on twisting roads, when high traffic density
prevents driving at a constant speed,
when the road surface is slick (snow,
rain, ice), or when the road surface is
loose (rocks, sand).<
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Tachometer
Energy Control
73n
To reset the trip odometer to zero,
press the button (arrow) with the
ignition key in position 1 or 2.
To protect the engine, the fuel supply is
automatically interrupted in this zone;
you will notice a loss of power.
Controls
The needle goes back to zero when the
car is not moving.
Car care
460us080
Indicates the current fuel consumption
in mpg (in l/100 km for Canadian models). You can check your current driving
style to see whether it is conducive to
economy and minimum exhaust emissions.
Technology Repairs
2 Trip odometer
Avoid engine speeds in the red warning
zone of the gauge.
Data
You can activate the displays shown in
the illustration with the ignition key in
position 0 by pressing the button in the
instrument cluster (arrow).
Index
1 Odometer
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Overview
Odometer
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
When you switch on the ignition, the in- Blue
dicator lamp comes on briefly to conThe engine is still cold. Drive at moderfirm that the system is stationary.
ate engine and vehicle speeds.
Once the indicator lamp begins to light
Red
up continuously, there are still approx.
2.1 gallons (8 liters) of fuel in the fuel
When you switch on the ignition, the
tank.
indicator lamp comes on briefly to confirm that the system is operational.
Tank capacity: page 175.
If the tilt of the vehicle varies (extended
driving in mountainous areas, for example), there may be slight fluctuations of
the needle.
If the lamp comes on while operating
the vehicle: The engine is overheated.
Stop and switch the engine off immediately and allow it to cool down.
Fill the fuel tank well before it is
empty. Driving to the last drop of
fuel can result in damage to the engine
and/or the catalytic converter.<
Between the blue and red zones
Normal operating range. It is not unusual for the needle to rise as far as the
edge of the red zone in response to
high outside temperatures or severe
operating conditions.
Service Interval Display
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Temperature gauge
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gauge
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74nFuel
Remaining distance for service
The displays shown in the illustration
appear for a few seconds when the
ignition key is in positions 1 and 2 or
after the engine is started.
The next service due appears with the
message OILSERVICE or INSPECTION,
together with the remaining distance
before scheduled service.
The computer bases its calculations of
the remaining distance on the rate of
fuel consumption in the period immediately preceding your data request.
A flashing message and a "–" in front of
the number mean that the service interval has already been exceeded by the
distance shown on the display. Please
contact your BMW center for an
appointment.
Checking coolant level: page 128.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Clock
75n
Overview
If you wish to have a permanent time
display, you can make this adjustment
in the radio display (refer to the Radio
Owner's Manual).
Controls
Adjustments
The following information and/or conditions are indicated using symbols, starting with the ignition key position 2, until
the condition has been corrected.
In ignition key position 1 and 2
After the completion of a trip and when
the driver's door is opened, an acoustical signal is given for "Lamps on" if the
lamps have not been switched off.
To set back: Turn the button to the left.
The adjustment speed will increase the
longer you continue to hold the button.
To change the display mode: Press the
knob briefly.
Every time you press the knob, the
clock display alternates between the
12-hour or 24-hour mode.
In ignition key position 0: The time is
displayed for a few seconds after you
press the left button (refer to "Odometer" on page 73).
Index
1 Inspect the low-beam and high-beam
headlamps, as well as the side lamps
2 Door open
3 Luggage compartment lid open
4 Check brake and tail lamps.
To set ahead: Turn the button to the
right.
Car care
Graphic display
Technology Repairs
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You can adjust the clock and the time
display in the car radio as follows.
Data
Check Control
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
76nOnboard
computer*
Ice warning
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If the outside temperature drops to approx. +37.5 7 (+3 6), the onboard
computer switches automatically to the
outside temperature display. In addition, a signal sounds as a warning and
the display flashes for a brief period.
Mode selection
Outside temperature
In ignition key positions 1 and 2, you
can call up information from the onboard computer using the button in the
turn signal lever. By pressing the button
briefly in the direction of the steering
column, you can call up a new function
for display.
You can change the units of measurement for the outside temperature display (6/7) by pressing the right-hand
reset button in the instrument cluster
when the temperature display is active.
The warning is repeated whenever the
temperature climbs to at least +43 7
(+6 6) following the last warning and
then drops back to +37.5 7 (+3 6).
The ice warning does not alter the
fact that surface ice can form at
temperatures above +37.5 7 (+3 6),
on bridges or shaded road surfaces, for
instance.<
The displays appear in the following
order:
Time, outside temperature, average fuel
consumption, cruising range, average
vehicle speed.
The function that was last selected will
be displayed when the ignition is
switched on.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Onboard computer*
Controls
Range
Average speed
If you continue to hold the button on the
turn signal lever, the average fuel consumption last displayed is recalculated
from that point.
The computer bases its calculations of
the cruising range on the rate of fuel
consumption in the period immediately
preceding your data request.
If you continue to hold the button on the
turn signal lever, the average fuel consumption last displayed for that speed
is recalculated from that point in time.
Index
Data
Any time spent when the vehicle is
stationary and the engine is shut off is
ignored for the calculation.
Car care
Average fuel consumption
Technology Repairs
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Overview
77n
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78nPark
Distance Control (PDC)*
The PDC assists you when you back
into a parking space. A signal warns
you of the distance to an obstacle. To
do this, four ultrasonic sensors in the
rear bumper measure the distance to
the nearest object. The monitoring
range of the two corner sensors extends to approx. 2 feet (60 cm) behind
the bumper. The two center sensors
cover a distance of approx. 4.9 feet
(1.50 meters).
The system starts to operate automatically about one second after you select
reverse with the ignition key in position 2.
PDC is deactivated when you shift back
out of reverse.
Acoustical signals
The distance to the nearest object is indicated by a tone sounding at various
intervals. As the distance between vehicle and object decreases, the intervals
between the tones become shorter.
A continuous warning tone sounds if
the distance to a recognized object is
less than 1 foot (30 cm).
The warning signal is canceled after
approx. three seconds if the distance to
the obstacle remains constant during
this time (if you are moving parallel to
a wall, for instance).
System malfunctions will be indicated
by a continuous high-pitched tone
when the system is activated the first
time. Please refer the problem to your
BMW center.
The PDC does not remove the
driver's personal responsibility for
evaluating the distance between the
vehicle and any obstacles. Even when
sensors are involved, there is a blind
spot in which objects cannot be detected. This applies especially in those
cases where the system approaches
the physical limits of ultrasonic measurement, as occurs with tow bars and
trailer couplings, and in the vicinity of
thin and painted objects.
Certain sources of sound, such as a
loud radio, could drown the PDC signal
tone.<
Keep the sensors clean and free
of ice or snow in order to ensure
that they continue to operate effectively.
Do not apply high-pressure spray to the
sensors for a prolonged period of time.
Maintain an adequate distance of more
than approx. 4 inches (10 cm).<
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Dynamic Stability Control (DSC)
DSC maintains vehicle stability, even in
critical driving situations.
The system optimizes vehicle stability
during acceleration and when starting
from a full stop, as well as optimizing
traction. In addition, the system recognizes unstable vehicle conditions (understeering or oversteering, for example)
and holds the vehicle on a sure course
by intervening via the engine and by
braking intervention at the individual
wheels.
To deactivate the system
Press the button. The indicator lamp
flashes.
The illustration depicts the arrangement
of the buttons if the vehicle is fully
equipped. This may vary, depending on
The system activates automatically each the equipment actually installed.
time you start the engine.
When the DSC is deactivated, you are
operating the vehicle in the conventional drive mode.
The laws of physics cannot be repealed, even with DSC. Any consequences arising from traction loss
due to excessive vehicle speed remain
the responsibility of the driver. For this
reason, do not take risks by using the
additional safety margin provided by
the system as an excuse.<
For additional details concerning DSC,
please refer to the chapter describing
"Advanced technology" on page 163.
Overview
Controls
Press the button again; the indicator
lamp goes out.
Car care
If the indicator lamp fails to go out after
the engine is started, or comes on during the course of normal vehicle operation:
If the system was not switched off,
there is a system malfunction. The vehicle remains operational, but without
DSC. Please consult your BMW center
for repairs.
To reactivate the system
Technology Repairs
The concept
Indicator lamp flashes:
The system is actively regulating drive
torque in response to monitored vehicle
operating conditions.
In exceptional instances, it is effective
to deactivate the system:
> when rocking the vehicle or starting
off in deep snow or on loose surfaces
> or when driving with snow chains.
Refer also to page 110.
Data
462us284
The indicator lamp in the instrument cluster goes out shortly
after you switch on the ignition.
Refer to pages 21 and 22.
Index
Indicator lamp
79n
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80nTire
Pressure Control (RDC)*
Loss in tire pressure
RDC monitors the tire pressures at all
four wheels, even when the vehicle is
moving. The system provides an alert
whenever the inflation pressure drops
significantly below the specified pressure in one or more tires.
If the inflation pressure has dropped
significantly over a long period of time
(which is normal for any tire), the indicator lamp will come on with a yellow
lamp.
In order for the system to "learn" the
correct tire inflation pressure, check the
inflation pressure in all tires. Refer to
the table of "Tire inflation pressures"
(page 28) and correct the pressures if
necessary. Then activate the system.
462de228
The concept
Activate the system
1 Turn the ignition key to position 2.
This indicator lamp in the instru- 2 Press the switch long enough for the
ment cluster will inform you if
yellow indicator lamp in the instruthe tire pressure is not correct.
ment cluster to light up for a few
seconds.
3 After a few minutes driving time, RDC
sets the current inflation pressure in
the tires as the target values to be
monitored.
This alerts you to have the tires inflated
to the specified pressures as soon as
possible.
If you are prompted to check the
tire pressure shortly after a correction has been made, this indicates
that the corrected values were not accurate. Please check the inflation pressure again and make corrections according to the inflation pressure table.
Then activate the system once again.<
You will only have to repeat this procedure following a correction of the tire
inflation pressure. Otherwise, RDC
functions automatically when the ignition key is in position 2, and thus operates whenever the vehicle is driven.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Tire Pressure Control (RDC)*
The indicator lamp also comes on
> in the event of a system fault
> if a wheel is mounted without the
appropriate electronics
> if, in addition to the spare tire *, additional wheels with RDC electronics
are on board.
Please contact your BMW center for
additional information.
Overview
Controls
The yellow indicator lamp will come on
during the malfunction.
Car care
The RDC system may be interrupted
temporarily by other systems or devices
that use the same radio frequency.
Technology Repairs
The space-saver spare tire* is
provided for temporary use only in
the event of a tire failure. It does not
have RDC electronics and is not monitored. A full-size spare tire* that has the
same dimensions as the tires already
mounted on the vehicle is equipped
with the necessary RDC electronics,
and will be also be monitored once the
tires have been mounted and the system activated.<
System interference
Data
RDC cannot alert you to severe
and sudden tire damage caused
If there is a tire failure with loss of pressure, the indicator lamp comes on with by external factors.<
a red lamp. In addition, an acoustic sigHave the tires changed by your
nal is sounded.
BMW center.
If this occurs, reduce vehicle speed imYour BMW center has been trained to
mediately and stop the vehicle in a safe
work with the RDC system and is
location. Avoid hard brake applications.
equipped with the necessary special
Do not oversteer. Replace the wheel
tools.<
and flat tire.
Index
Flat tire
81n
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82nParking
lamps/Headlamps
Dash lighting
LAMPS ON warning
Parking lamps
With the switch in this position,
the front, rear and side vehicle
lighting is switched on. For lighting on one side for parking, refer to
page 83.
Daytime running lamps*
If you desire, the light switch can be left
in the second position:
When the ignition is switched off, the
external lighting is also switched off.
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When you open the driver's door after
turning the ignition key to position 0, an
acoustic signal sounds for a few seconds to remind you that the headlamps
have not been switched off.
Turn the rotary dial to adjust the illumination intensity.
Low beam headlamps
When you switch the ignition off
with the low beam headlamps
on, only the parking lamps will
remain on.
"Follow-me-home lighting:"
If you actuate the headlamp
flasher after you have parked the vehicle and shut off the engine, the low
beams will remain on for a brief period.
You can also have this function deactivated.<
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Interior lamps
83n
Parking lamp, left or right
With the ignition key in position 0,
engage the lever in the appropriate
turn-signal position.
Controls
The interior lamps operate automatically.
To switch the interior lamps on
and off manually
Press the button briefly.
If you want the interior lamps to remain
off all the time, press and hold the button for approximately 3 seconds.
To revert to normal operation, press the
button briefly.
Car care
460de039
The illustration provides an example of
the interior lamps when equipped with
reading lamps.
Technology Repairs
3 Parking lamps
A green indicator lamp appears
in the instrument cluster to indicate that the front fog lamps are
on.
Data
2 Headlamp flasher (blue indicator
lamp)
Footwell lamps*
The footwell lamps operate in the same
way as the interior lamp.
Index
1 High beams (blue indicator lamp)
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Overview
High beams/Parking lamps Fog lamps*
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lamps*
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84nReading
The reading lamps are located in the
front* near the interior lamp and in the
rear* (illustration). They can be switched
on and off with the switch adjacent to
each lamp.
In order to prevent battery discharge, all of the lamps in the
vehicle are switched off automatically
approx. 15 minutes after the ignition
key is turned to position 0.<
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Index
Data
Technology Repairs
Car care
Controls
Overview
85n
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climate control
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86nAutomatic
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3 Front footwell ventilation
There are corresponding air vents in
the rear footwell as well.
4 Recirculated air mode/Automatic
recirculated air control (AUC) 89
5 Air supply 89
6 Temperature 88
7 Automatic air distribution 88
8 Individual air distribution 88
9 Air grill for interior temperature sensor – please keep clear and unobstructed
10 Display for temperature and air
supply 88
11 Defrost the windshield and side
windows 89
Overview
Controls
Car care
2 Air flow toward the upper body
The side rotary dials allow you to
open and close the air supply
through an infinitely-variable range,
while the levers change the airflow
direction. The center rotary dial
controls the temperature of the air
as it flows out. Refer to page 90
Technology Repairs
1 Air on the windshield and on the
side windows
87n
Data
Automatic climate control
13 Rear window defroster 70, 90
Index
12 Air conditioner 89
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88nAutomatic
climate control
Tips for pleasant driving
Automatic air distribution
Temperature
Use the automatic system (switch on
AUTO – button 7). Select an interior
temperature that is comfortable for you
– we recommend 70 7 (22 6). When
the outside temperature is above 42 7
(5 6), you can also use the air conditioner (12). This will dry the air as well
as preventing condensation on the window surfaces – if there are passengers
with damp clothing, for example. Set
the air outlets (2) so that the air flows
past you and is not directed straight at
you. Set the rotary dial between the air
outlets (2) for the upper body to a medium position, since air that is somewhat cooler promotes driving without
fatigue.
The AUTO program assumes
the adjustment of the air distribution and the air supply for you and in
addition adapts the temperature to external influences (summer, winter) to
meet preferences you can specify. This
program maintains a comfortable in-car
climate regardless of the season. Select
an interior temperature that is comfortable for you – we recommend 70 7
(22 6). The temperature selected and
AUTO for the air supply appear in
display (10), refer to the overview on
page 86. Open the air outlets for the
upper body area. Switch on the air conditioner in warm weather. The maximum cooling capacity is achieved when
you set rotary dial (3) to cold. Refer to
page 90.
The figures in the display provide a general indication of interior temperature. We recommend 70 7
(22 6) as a comfortable setting,
whether the air conditioner is operating
or not. When you start the vehicle, the
system ensures that the selected temperature is reached as quickly as possible. It then maintains this temperature,
regardless of the season.
Detailed setting options are described
for you in the following section.
Your vehicle is set in such a manner that, when you unlock the car
with your personalized remote control,
your own personalized setting of the
automatic climate control is initiated.<
Individual air distribution
You can cancel the AUTO program by selecting specific distribution patterns to suit your
own individual requirements.
You can direct air to flow onto the windows , toward the upper body ,
and into the footwell
.
Set rotary dial (3; refer to "Draft-free
ventilation" on page 90) to a medium
setting, since air that is somewhat
cooler promotes driving without fatigue.
You can use this setting for mixing air to
make minor comfort modifications.
The full, uncontrolled heater output is available starting at an interior temperature setting of 90 7
(32 6). At a setting of 60 7 (16 6),
the full cooling output is available when
the air conditioner is activated.<
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Automatic climate control
To defrost the windshield and
side windows
This program quickly removes
ice and condensation from the
windshield and side windows.
Condensation forms in the air
conditioner system during operation, which then exits under the vehicle.
Traces of condensed water of this kind
are thus normal.<
> Indicator lamps off: Fresh air flows
into the vehicle
> Left-hand indicator lamp on – AUC
mode: The system detects pollutants
in the outside air and responds by
deactivating the outside air flow as
required. The system then recirculates the air already within the
vehicle.
Depending on air quality requirements, the system automatically
switches between outside air supply
and recirculation of the air already
within the vehicle.
> Right-hand indicator lamp on: The
flow of outside air is permanently
blocked. The system recirculates the
air already within the vehicle.
If the windows fog over in the
recirculated air mode, switch this
mode off and increase the air supply as
required.<
Controls
You can respond to unpleasant
external odors by temporarily
blocking the outside air. The system
then recirculates the air already within
the vehicle. By repeated actuation of
the button, you can select one of three
different operation modes.
Car care
When you set the lowest blower speed
by pressing the left half of the button,
all of the displays are canceled: The
blower, heating and air conditioner are
switched off, and the air supply is
stopped. You can reactivate the system
by pressing any button of the automatic
climate control.
Automatic recirculated air control
(AUC)
Technology Repairs
The air is cooled and dehumidified and – depending on the
temperature setting – rewarmed when
the air conditioner system is switched
on.
Depending on the weather, the windshield may fog over briefly when the
engine is started.
Switch off the air conditioner at outside
temperatures below approx. 42 7
(5 6). This will help to prevent the windows from fogging up.
If the windows fog over after switching
the air conditioner off, switch it back
on.
Data
Air conditioner
By pressing the left or right half
of the button, you can vary the
air supply. By doing this, you switch off
the automatic control of the air supply.
Nevertheless, the automatic air distribution remains unchanged.
Index
Air supply
Overview
89n
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90nAutomatic
climate control
Rear window defroster
Microfilter, activated-charcoal
filter
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When the rear window defroster
is activated, the indicator lamp
comes on. The rear window defroster
switches off automatically. Refer to
page 70.
Draft-free ventilation
Set the ventilation outlets for your upper
body area so that it is comfortable for
you:
A microfilter removes dust and pollen
from the incoming outside air. The activated-charcoal filter provides additional
protection by filtering gaseous pollutants from the outside air. Your BMW
center replaces the combined filter as a
standard part of your scheduled maintenance. A substantial reduction in air
supply indicates that the filter must be
replaced before normal maintenance.
For additional details on the filter
change, refer to page 155.
Use rotary dials (1) to open and close
the air outlets through an infinitely-variable range. You can adjust the direction
of the airflow with the levers (2).
Set the outlets so that the air flows past
you and is not directed straight at you.
The rotary dial (3) allows you to mix the
air from the outlets for your upper body
by warming or cooling the air as desired.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Roller sun blind*
91n
You can also switch the higher heating
modes off directly:
Press and hold the button slightly
longer.
Controls
Car care
Technology Repairs
When the three indicator lamps are illuminated, the highest heating mode is
activated. One lamp indicates the lowest heating mode. The temperature is
regulated with a thermostat in each
mode.
The illustration depicts the arrangement
of the buttons if the vehicle is fully
equipped. This may vary, depending on
the equipment actually installed.
Data
You can call up different heating modes
by repeatedly pressing the keys.
To actuate, press the button briefly with
the ignition key in position 2.
Index
The seat cushion and backrest can
be heated with the ignition key in position 2.
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Overview
Seat heating*
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92nHiFi
system*
Glove compartment
To prevent injury in the event of
a crash, close the glove compartment immediately after use.<
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Rechargeable flashlight*
HiFi system – harman kardon
To open
Special acoustical effects are activated
or deactivated every time you press the
button.
Pull the handle. The lamp comes on.
When the system is activated, the impression of a significantly larger passenger compartment is created at all
seating areas, together with an improvement of the stereo effect.
Fold the cover up.
When reception is weak, the system
frequently switches between stereo and
mono operation. Switch the feature off
if this occurs.
To close
The flashlight is located on the lefthand side of the glove compartment.
It features integral overload-protection
so it can be left in its holder continuously.
Be sure that the flashlight is
switched off when it is inserted
into its holder. Failure to comply with
this precaution could lead to overcharging and damage.<
To lock
Lock with one of the master keys.
A master key can also be used for unlocking.
If you turn over only your door and
ignition keys for valet parking
(refer to page 32), for example, access
to the glove compartment is not possible.<
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Storage compartments
Controls
You will find a storage compartment
and a beverage holder (for two drink
containers) in the rear center armrest.
1 Storage compartment: Pull upward.
2 Beverage holder: Press to open.
Car care
Without through-loading system:
Technology Repairs
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Rear center armrest*
A coin holder and two cup holders are
provided in the center console.
Data
You will find additional storage areas in
the front doors and in the center console above the ashtray*. Storage nets*
are located on the back of the front
seats.
Coin holder, cup holder
Index
Open the storage compartment in the
front center armrest*: Press the button
(arrow) and lift upward.
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Overview
93n
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compartments
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94nStorage
Rear center armrest*
Storage package*
With through-loading system:
For your convenience, there are:
You will find a beverage holder (for two > two extending sockets on the center
drink containers) in the rear center armconsole in the rear (arrows)
rest.
> an eyeglass compartment* in the
front center console above the ash> Beverage holder: Press to open
tray.
(arrow).
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Ashtray, front
95n
Controls
To open
To empty
On vehicles that are wired for a telephone*, the cover for the handsfree
microphone is located in the headliner
near the interior lamp.
Press briefly in the direction indicated
by the arrow.
Open the lid and press down (arrow):
You can now pull the ashtray upward
for removal.
Data
On vehicles with the nonsmoker's
equipment package, the insert is removed in the same way.
Index
For additional information concerning
the cellular phone, please refer to the
separate Owner's Manual.
To extinguish a cigarette, tap off the
ash and gently press the tip into the
funnel.
Car care
Handsfree system
Technology Repairs
460us289
460us288
460de253
Overview
Cellular phones*
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Ashtray, rear*
460de104
lighter*
460us290
96nCigarette
Press the lighter in. Remove the lighter
as soon as it retracts.
To open
Hold or touch the hot cigarette
lighter by the knob only. Holding
or touching it in other areas could result
in burns.
The cigarette lighter remains operational when the ignition key has been
removed. For this reason, children
should never be left in the car unattended.<
To empty
Push the cover open.
Press on the edge of the raised cover in
the opening direction (arrow). You can
now pull the ashtray upward for removal.
Cigarette lighter socket
Suitable for attaching power supplies
for flashlights, car vacuum cleaners,
etc., up to a rating of approx. 200 watts
at 12 volts. Avoid damaging the socket
due to inserting plugs of different
shapes or sizes.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Through-loading system*
When you close the backrest, be
sure that the retainer engages
correctly. If it is not correctly engaged,
transported cargo could enter the passenger compartment from the luggage
compartment during brake applications
or evasive maneuvers and endanger the
vehicle occupants.<
Car care
To unlock, pull the lever corresponding
to the section (arrow).
Technology Repairs
The rear backrest section will move
forward slightly when it is unlocked.
Reach into the gap and pull the backrest down.
Data
The rear backrest is divided into two
sections (one-third and two-thirds of the
width of the seat). For carrying longer
objects, you can fold down either
section of the backrest separately.
Index
460de153
460de154
Refer also to "Cargo loading" on
page 99.
Controls
The fittings at the corners of the luggage compartment provide you with a
convenient means of attaching luggage
nets* and flexible straps for securing
suitcases and luggage.
Overview
97n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
98nSki
bag*
Loading
1 Pull the center armrest down. Loosen
the trim from the upper Velcro® fastener and place it on the armrest.
2 Press button 1 downward and swing
the cover forward.
3 Extend the ski bag between the front
seats. The zipper provides convenient access to stored items. It may
be opened to allow the ski bag to dry.
4 Press knob 2: The cover in the luggage compartment is unlocked.
380de070
The length of the ski bag and the additional space provided in the luggage
compartment make it possible to carry
skis with a length of up to 6.8 feet
(2.1 meters). The ski bag can only
accommodate two pairs of skis with a
length of 6.8 feet (2.1 meters) because
of the tapered shape of the bag.
394de119
The ski bag allows the safe and clean
transport of four pairs of skis or two
snowboards.
Securing the load
Secure the skis or other objects in
the bag by tightening the strap
with the buckle.<
Please be sure that your skis are clean
before loading them into the bag. Avoid
damage from sharp edges during loading.
To store the ski bag, perform the above
steps in reverse sequence.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Cargo loading
Controls
> For small, light items, use the rubberlined non-skid side of the floor mat or
secure with a luggage compartment
net* or elastic straps (refer to
page 41).
> For large, heavy pieces, see your
BMW center for load-securing devices*. Lashing eyes (arrow) are provided at the corners of the luggage
compartment for attaching these
load-securing devices.
> Comply with the information enclosed with the load-securing devices.
Car care
460de161
Securing the load
Technology Repairs
> Load heavy cargo as far forward as
possible – directly behind the backrests or the luggage compartment
partition – and as low as possible.
> Cover sharp edges and corners.
> Do not pile objects higher than the
top edge of the backrest.
> If you are transporting very heavy
loads when the rear seat is not occupied, secure the outer safety belts in
the opposite buckles (refer to the
illustration).
Data
If you are transporting a load in your
BMW
Index
Stowing cargo
460de185
460de160
Overview
99n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
100nCargo
loading
Roof-mounted luggage rack*
462de271
Always position and secure the
load correctly. If you do not, it can
endanger the passengers during braking or evasive maneuvers.
Do not exceed the permissible gross
vehicle weight and the permissible axle
loads (refer to page 174). If you do, the
operating safety of the vehicle is no
longer ensured and you are in violation
of the law.
Do not carry hard or heavy objects unsecured in the passenger compartment.
If you do so, they may be projected
Anchors
through the air during braking and evaAccess to the anchors:
sive maneuvers, thus endangering vehiTo open the cover (arrow), please use
cle occupants.<
the tool included with the luggage rack
system.
A special roof-rack system is available
for your BMW as an optional extra.
Please comply with the precautions included with the installation instructions.
Make sure that the load is not too heavy,
and attempt to distribute it evenly.
Always load the heaviest pieces first (on
the bottom). Be sure that adequate
clearance is maintained for raising the
sliding/tilt sunroof*, and that objects do
not project into the opening path of the
luggage compartment lid.
Secure the roof luggage correctly and
securely to prevent it from shifting or
being lost during driving (danger to following traffic).
Drive smoothly and avoid sudden acceleration or braking. Do not corner at
high speeds.
The roof load increases the aerodynamic resistance. Increased fuel consumption and additional stresses on the
vehicle's body result from this.
Because roof racks raise the center of
gravity of the car when loaded, they
exercise a major effect on its handling
and steering response.
You should therefore always remember
not to exceed the approved roof weight,
the approved gross vehicle weight or
the axle weights when loading the rack.
You will find the specifications under
"Technical Data" on page 174.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Index
Data
Technology Repairs
Car care
Controls
Overview
101n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
102n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Laws and regulations:
Technical modifications to the
vehicle 138
OBD interface socket 139
Operation, care
and maintenance
Controls
Car care
Controls and features
Owner service procedures
Advanced technology
Technology Repairs
Care and maintenance:
The BMW Maintenance
System 131
Caring for your car 132
Airbags 137
Vehicle storage 137
Overview
Technical data
Data
Wheels and tires:
Tire inflation pressures 113
Tire condition 113
Tire replacement 114
Tire rotation 115
Wheel and tire
combinations 116
Winter tires 117
Snow chains 117
Approved wheel and tire
specifications 118
Under the hood:
Hood 120
Engine compartment 122
Washer fluids 124
Washer nozzles 124
Engine oil 125
Coolant 128
Brake fluid 129
Vehicle Identification
Number 130
Index
Index
Special operating instructions:
Break-in procedures 104
Driving notes 104
Catalytic converter 105
Antilock Brake System
(ABS) 106
Disc brakes 108
Brake system 109
Winter operation 110
Power steering 111
Cellular phones 112
Radio reception 112
Overview
103n
Car care
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
104nBreak-in
procedures
To ensure that your vehicle provides
maximum economy throughout a long
service life, we request that you comply
with the following recommendations:
Engine and differential
Up to 1,200 miles (2,000 km):
Drive at varying engine speeds and
road speeds, but do not exceed
4,500 RPM or a road speed of 100 mph
(160 km/h) during this initial period.
Do not apply full throttle and avoid
pressing the accelerator beyond the
kickdown point.
After 1,200 miles (2,000 km), you can
gradually increase the engine speed or
road speed.
Follow the same break-in procedure if
either the engine or the differential is
replaced in the future.
Driving notes
Tires
Due to technical factors associated
with their manufacture, tires do not
achieve their full traction potential until
an initial break-in period has elapsed.
For this reason, drive cautiously during
the first 200 miles (300 km).
Brake system
Brake pads and disks do not attain their
optimal wear patterns until after approx.
300 miles (500 km).
To break-in the separate parking brake
drums, apply the parking brake lightly
when coasting to a standstill (at a traffic
signal, for instance), provided that traffic conditions allow you to do so.
To avoid corrosion, repeat this procedure from time to time.
The brake lamps do not come on
when the parking brake is set.
Vacuum for the brake system servo unit
on your BMW is available only when the
engine is running. When you move the
car with the engine off – when towing,
for example – substantially higher levels
of pedal force will be required to brake
the vehicle.<
Brakes:
Do not drive with your foot resting
on the brake pedal. Even light but consistent pedal pressure can lead to high
temperatures, brake wear, and possibly
to brake failure.
Aquaplaning:
Reduce your speed when you drive on
wet or slushy roads. If you do not, a
wedge of water can form between the
tires and the road surface. This phenomenon is referred to as aquaplaning
or hydroplaning. It is characterized by a
partial or complete loss of contact between the tires and the road surface.
The ultimate results are loss of steering
and braking control.
Driving through water:
Do not drive through water that is
deeper than 1 foot (30 cm). If you must
drive through water accumulations up
to that depth, drive only at walking
speed. Driving at a faster speed could
cause damage to the engine, the electrical systems and the transmission.
Package tray:
Never use the rear window shelf to
store heavy or bulky objects. If you do
so, such objects could pose the risk of
injury to vehicle occupants during braking or evasive maneuvers or in a crash.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
> Be sure to comply with the scheduled
maintenance requirements.
> Fill the fuel tank well before it is
empty.
> Tow-start only when the engine is
cold. If you attempt to tow-start with
a warm engine, unburned residual
fuel in the catalytic converter could
ignite and cause damage. It is better
to jump-start the vehicle with outside
assistance.
> Avoid other situations in which the
fuel is not burned, or burns incompletely, such as engaging the starter
frequently or for extended periods, or
repeated start attempts in which the
engine does not start (stopping and
restarting an engine which is running
properly does not present a problem).
Never allow the engine to run with
any of the spark plug cables disconnected.
Overview
Controls
To ensure efficient, trouble-free engine
operation and avoid potential damage:
Be sure to comply with the instructions above to prevent unburned fuel from reaching the catalytic
convertor. If you do not, the catalytic
converter could respond by overheating, leading to serious damage.
Extreme temperatures occur at the catalytic converter on this and every catalyst-equipped vehicle. Heat shields are
installed adjacent to some sections of
the exhaust system. Never remove
these shields; do not apply undercoating to their surfaces. When driving,
standing at idle, and parking the vehicle, take extra care to avoid contact between the exhaust system and flammable materials (grass, hay, leaves, etc.).
Such contact could lead to a fire, resulting in serious personal injury and
property damage.<
Car care
The catalytic converter reduces harmful
exhaust emissions, and is designed for
use with unleaded fuel only.
Even minute quantities of lead would be
enough to permanently damage both
the catalytic converter and the system
oxygen sensor.
Technology Repairs
Clothes hooks:
When suspending clothing from the
hooks, be sure that they will not obstruct the driver's vision. Do not hang
heavy objects on the hooks. If you do
so, such objects could pose the risk of
personal injury during braking or evasive maneuvers.<
105n
Data
Catalytic converter
Index
Driving notes
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
106nAntilock
Brake System (ABS)
The concept
Braking with ABS
ABS enhances active safety by helping
to prevent the wheels from locking under braking. This is because locked
wheels are dangerous. When the front
wheels slide, the driver loses steering
control over the vehicle. Traction loss at
the rear wheels can cause the rear end
to break into an uncontrolled skid.
The system becomes operative once
the vehicle exceeds a speed of approx.
6 mph (10 km/h). Below approx. 3 mph
(6 km/h), it is once again deactivated.
This means that the wheels can lock in
the final phase of a panic stop – a factor
of no significance in actual use.
ABS is designed to meet two essential
requirements during every brake application:
> To help provide vehicle stability
> To help maintain steering control and
maneuverability – on all types of road
surfaces (asphalt, concrete, mud, wet,
snow, ice).
The system can achieve the shortest
braking distances possible under most
conditions (on straight-aways and in
curves, on asphalt, ice, wet road surfaces, etc.).
If you are in a situation that requires full
braking, you will exploit the full benefits
of the ABS system if you apply maximum brake pressure ("panic stop").
Since the vehicle maintains steering responsiveness, you can avoid possible
obstacles with a minimum of steering
effort, despite the full brake application.
The ABS system closed-loop control
circuit cycles in fractions of a second.
A pulsation at the brake pedal indicates
to the driver that ABS is active, that is,
that the vehicle is within its maximum
braking range. In addition, a pulsation –
a result of the control function cycles –
indicates to the driver that vehicle
speed should be reduced to adapt to
road surface conditions when there is
reduced traction and grip between tires
and road surface (slippery road surface).
ple), or when snow chains are mounted,
braking distances may be longer than
with locked wheels. However, ABS
continues to provide enhanced vehicle
stability and steering response under
these conditions.
Information for your safety
Not even ABS can suspend the laws of
physics. ABS cannot prevent the consequences of brake applications with
inadequate clearances for safety between vehicles, when exceeding the
speed limit in curves, or the risks involved when aquaplaning occurs. Responsibility for these types of situations
remains in the hands (and at the feet) of
the driver. You should never allow the
added safety of ABS to lull you into a
false sense of security, or mislead you
into taking increased risks that could affect your own safety and that of others.
Do not make any modifications to
the ABS system.
Service procedures on ABS are to be
performed by authorized technicians
only.<
On road surfaces that have a loose surface layer on a firm base with good
traction (on gravel or snow, for examOnline Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Antilock Brake System (ABS)
If the brake warning lamp
comes on together with the indicator lamps for ABS and DSC
(refer to page 21), the entire
ABS, CBC and DSC control system has failed. Continue driving
cautiously and defensively.
Avoid full brake applications.
This could cause the vehicle to lose
stability and you might no longer be
able to control it.
Have the system checked as soon as
possible by your BMW center.
Overview
Controls
Car care
ABS warning lamp for Canadian
models.
CBC, ABS and DSC indicator
and warning lamps for Canadian
models.
Technology Repairs
If the ABS in the instrument
CBC is an advanced engineering develcluster lights up, refer to
opment of ABS. When braking during
page 22. The brake system then
cornering with high lateral accelerareverts to conventional operation as on
tion, or when braking during a lane
vehicles without ABS. However, have
change, vehicle stability is improved
the brake system checked by your
and the steering response is enhanced. BMW center as soon as possible. To
prevent undetected defects and cumulative faults from adversely affecting the
brake system, refer any problems to
your BMW center at the earliest opportunity.
Data
In the event of a fault
Index
Antilock Brake System (ABS)/
Cornering Brake Control (CBC)
107n
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108nDisc
brakes
Disc brakes furnish optimum deceleration and braking control and greater
fade resistance under heavy use.
Driving notes
If the brake rotors are corroded, they
will tend to respond to braking with a
pulsating effect that even extended
brake applications will fail to cure.
fails, you should revert to the staggered
braking technique described above on
page 110.
When driving in wet conditions and in
heavy rain, it is effective to apply light
pressure to the brakes every few miles
When the vehicle is driven only occasionally, during extended periods when or kilometers. Be aware of traffic condithe vehicle is not used at all, and in oper- tions to ensure that this maneuver does
not endanger other road users. The
ating conditions where brake applicaheat that is generated by the brake aptions are less frequent, there is an
increased tendency for corrosion of the plications helps to dry the brake pads
rotors and accumulation of contamina- and rotors.
tion on the brake pads. This occurs
Maximum braking force is obtained
because the minimal pressure that must while the wheels are not locked, but
be exerted by the pads to clean the
rather when they are still barely turning
rotors by brake applications is not
immediately prior to locking. ABS mainreached.
tains this state automatically. If the ABS
For your own safety: Use only
brake pads that BMW has approved for your particular vehicle
model. BMW cannot evaluate nonapproved brake pads to determine if
they are suited for use, and therefore
cannot ensure the operating safety of
the vehicle if they are installed.<
Should engine braking prove inadequate, you should still avoid extended,
continuous braking. Instead of maintaining low to moderate pressure over
an extended period of time, you should
decelerate by applying more substantial
pressure to the brake pedal (watch for
following traffic), releasing the pedal,
and then repeating the application
(staggered braking). The cooling phases
between active braking intervals prevent the brakes from overheating, thus
ensuring that full braking capacity remains available at all times.
Do not coast with the clutch depressed or with the shift lever or
selector lever in neutral. Do not drive
with the engine shut off. The engine
Long or steep mountain descents do
provides no braking effect when the
not necessarily lead to reduced braking clutch is depressed or the transmission
efficiency if you drive downhill with the is in neutral, and there is no powertransmission in a gear that allows mini- assist for braking or steering when the
mal brake applications (or, with an auengine is not running.
tomatic transmission, in an appropriate Do not allow floor mats, carpets or any
lower range).
other objects to protrude into the area
around the brake pedal, the clutch or
You can further increase the engine's
braking effect by selecting a lower gear, the accelerator which could obstruct
downshifting as far as first gear or plac- their freedom of movement.<
ing the selector lever in position 1.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Brake system
Brake warning lamp for Canadian models.
Proceed to the nearest BMW
center. Higher brake application
pressure may be necessary under these
conditions, and brake pedal travel may
be significantly longer. Please remember to adapt your driving style accordingly.<
Controls
For your own safety: Use only
brake pads that BMW has approved for your particular vehicle
model. BMW cannot evaluate nonapproved brake pads to determine if
they are suited for use, and therefore
cannot ensure the operating safety of
the vehicle if they are installed.<
Car care
If the brake fluid level is too low and
brake pedal travel has become noticeably longer, there may be a defect in
one of the hydraulic circuits of the brake
system.
Technology Repairs
If the warning lamp for the brake
pads lights up:
The brake pads have reached
their minimum pad thickness. Proceed
to the nearest BMW center as soon as
possible to have the pads replaced.
Data
Brake pads
If the brake warning lamp
comes on and the parking brake
has been released:
The brake fluid level is too low in the
reservoir (refer to page 129).
Index
Brake fluid level
Overview
109n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
110nWinter
operation
The onset of winter is often accompanied by rapid changes in weather.
Adaptations in driving style should be
accompanied by preparations on the
vehicle itself to ensure that your
progress through the winter remains
safe and trouble-free.
Coolant
Be sure that the coolant mixture contains the year-round ratio of 50:50
water and extended-duty antifreeze/
corrosion protection. This mixture provides protection against freezing down
to approx. – 34 7 (– 37 6). Replace
the coolant every four years.
Locks
BMW door lock deicer can be used to
free them if frozen. This deicer also
contains lubricant.
After its use, treatment with BMW lock
barrel grease is recommended.
Rubber seals and components
To prevent the weather-stripping from
freezing, apply a spray-on rubber treatment or silicone spray to the door, hood
and luggage compartment lid seals.
Snow chains
Brakes
BMW snow chains* can be mounted on
both summer and winter tires. Mount
them in pairs on the rear wheels only
and comply with the manufacturer's
safety precautions. Do not exceed a
maximum speed of 30 mph (50 km/h).
For best performance, deactivate the
DSC when snow chains are mounted.
Refer to page 79.
Winter road conditions substantially reduce the traction available between the
tires and the road surface. Remember
that braking distances will be significantly longer as a result.
Starting off
When starting from a full stop in deep
snow or for "rocking" the vehicle to free
it, we recommend that you deactivate
the DSC system. Refer to page 79.
Driving on low-traction road
surfaces
Use smooth, gentle pressure to control
the accelerator pedal. Avoid excessive
engine speeds and shift to the next
higher gear at an early point. On downgrades or slopes, shift down to the next
lower gear at an early point. Maintain an
adequate distance between yourself
and the car ahead.
ABS is intended to prevent the wheels
from locking during brake applications,
thus helping to maintain vehicle stability
and steering response.
If the ABS does not respond in a critical
braking situation and the wheels lock:
Reduce the pressure on the brake pedal
until the wheels just start to roll again
while still maintaining enough force to
continue braking.
Following that, increase pedal pressure
again. Reduce the pressure as the
wheels lock, then reapply pressure.
Repeat this procedure. This type of
staggered braking will reduce the braking distance, and the vehicle still remains responsive to steering. It allows
you to steer around hazards once you
have reduced the pressure on the brake
pedal.
A full range of car care products is
available from your BMW center.<
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Overview
If the power steering fails, increased effort will be required to
steer the vehicle.<
Controls
High steering effort:
Contact an BMW center immediately to
have this system inspected.
Car care
Engage 1st or reverse gear. If your car
is equipped with an automatic transmission, place the selector lever in
Park. On vehicles with manual transmission, also apply the parking brake
Depress the clutch during hard
when parking on inclined surfaces. In
braking on road surfaces that pro- order to prevent the parking brake linvide only poor or uneven traction.<
ings from locking due to frost or corrosion, dry them by gently applying the
Skid control
parking brake as the vehicle is coming
Depress the clutch and release the ac- to a stop. Make sure that following trafcelerator pedal, or place the selector
fic is not endangered.
lever of the automatic transmission into
the "Neutral" position. Countersteer
The brake lamps do not light up
carefully and attempt to regain control
when the parking brake is apof the vehicle.
plied.<
Technology Repairs
Parking
111n
Data
Do not shift down on slick road
surfaces. Doing so could cause
the rear wheels to lose traction and
skid, resulting in a loss of vehicle control.<
Power steering
Index
Winter operation
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
112nCellular
phones*
Radio reception
Mobile communications systems (cellular phone, radio, etc.) are only allowed a
power output of up to 10 watts. Mobile
communications devices not specifically designed for use in your car may
trigger malfunctions while operating
your vehicle. BMW can neither test nor
assume responsibility for every individual product being offered on the market. We recommend that you consult
your BMW center before purchasing
any device of this kind.
The reception and sound quality obtained from mobile radios varies according to a variety of factors, including the
broadcast range of the transmitter and
the directional orientation of the antenna. Interference factors such as hightension power lines, buildings and natural obstructions can all lead to unavoidable reception interference, regardless
of how well the vehicle's sound system
is operating.
Climatic factors such as intense solar raTo ensure that your BMW continues to diation, fog, rain and snow can also inprovide reliable and trouble-free opera- terfere with reception.
tion, do not use a cellular phone or other Car telephones or cellular phones not
approved by BMW can also cause inradio device with an antenna located
inside the passenger compartment or
terference in the radio during a telean antenna that is not mounted on the
phone call. This phenomenon assumes
outside of the vehicle.
the form of a low-pitched hum emanating from the speaker system.
Before loading the vehicle on a
Please refer to the supplementary opercar-carrier train or driving it
ating instructions provided with your
through a car-wash, remove the ansound system for detailed information
tenna.<
on its use.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
390de331
Overview
Controls
Index
Do not drive on a deflated (flat)
tire. A flat tire greatly impairs
steering and braking response, and can
lead to complete loss of control over
the vehicle.
Avoid overloading the vehicle so that
It is not merely the tire's service life, but
the permitted load on the tires is not exalso driving comfort and – above all else
ceeded. Overloading can lead to over– driving safety that depend on the conheating and increases the rate at which
dition of the tires and the maintenance
damage develops inside the tires. You
of the specified tire pressure.
could have a blowout as a result.
Incorrect inflation pressure is a frequent
Unusual vibrations encountered during
cause of tire damage. It also signifinormal vehicle operation can indicate
Tire tread – Tire damage
cantly influences the roadholding ability
tire failure or some other vehicle defect.
Inspect your tires frequently for tread
of your BMW.
This is also true for irregularities in the
wear, signs of damage and for foreign
vehicle's handling characteristics, such
Check tire inflation pressures reg- objects lodged in the tread. Check the
as a pronounced tendency to pull to the
tread depth.
ularly – include the space-saver
left or right. Should this occur, respond
spare tire or spare tire – at least twice a The tread depth should not be any shal- by immediately reducing your speed.
month and before beginning a longer
lower than 0.12 inches (3 mm). Below
Proceed carefully to the nearest BMW
trip. If this is not done, incorrect tire
this tread depth, there is a significant
center or professional tire center, or
pressures can cause driving instability
risk of aquaplaning, even at relatively
have the vehicle towed in to have it and
and tire damage, ultimately resulting in moderate speeds and with only small
its tires inspected.
an accident.<
amounts of water on the road.
Tire damage (up to and including blowouts) can endanger the lives of both the
We recommend that you always replace the tires once the tread wears to vehicle occupants and other road
users.<
0.12 inches (3 mm). If you continue to
use the tires, wear indicators appear in
the tread at 0.063 inches (1.6 mm).
The factory-approved radial tires are
matched to the car and have been selected to provide optimum safety and
driving comfort on your car.
Car care
Information for your safety
113n
Technology Repairs
Tire condition
Data
Tire inflation pressures
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114nTire
replacement
To maintain good handling and vehicle
response, use only tires of a single
tread configuration from a single manufacturer. BMW tests and approves
wheel/tire combinations. Refer to
page 118.
DOT Quality Grades
Treadwear
Traction AA A B C
Temperature A B C
All passenger car tires must conform to Federal Safety Requirements in addition to these grades.<
Traction
The traction grades, from highest to
lowest, are AA, A, B and C.
Those grades represent the tire's ability
to stop on wet pavement as measured
under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C
may have poor traction performance.
The traction grade assigned to
this tire is based on straightahead braking traction tests, and does
not include acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.<
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative
rating based on the wear rate of the tire
when tested under controlled conditions on a specified government test
course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would
wear one and one-half (1 1/2) times as
well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance
of tires depends upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and may
depart significantly from the norm due
to variations in driving habits, service
practices and differences in road characteristics and climate.
Temperature
The temperature grades are A (the
highest), B and C, representing the
tire's resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel.
Sustained high temperature can cause
the material of the tire to degenerate
and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C correspods to a level of
performance which all passenger car
tires must meet under the Federal
Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109.
Grades B and A represent higher levels
of performance on the laboratory test
wheel than the minimum required by
law.
The temperature grade for this tire
is established for a tire that is
properly inflated and not overloaded.
Excessive speed, underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat buildup
and possible tire failure.<
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the tire sidewall between
tread shoulder and maximum section
width. For example:
Treadwear 200 Traction AA
Temperature A
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
The date on which the tire was manufactured is indicated by the code on the
sidewall:
DOT ... 329 indicates that the tire was
manufactured in Week 32 of 1999.
BMW recommends the replacement of
all tires when the tires are no more than
6 years old, even if a tire life of 10 years
is possible.
Spare tires over 6 years old should be
used only in case of emergency. A tire
in this condition should be replaced by
a new tire immediately, and should not
be mounted together with new tires.
If a proposed interaxle rotation of tires
is based on economic considerations,
one should consider whether the costs
for the rotation are likely to be recaptured by any increase in the service life
of the tires that might be realized. In
principle, interaxle rotation should be
performed in short intervals, with a
maximum of 3,000 miles (5,000 km).
Consult your BMW center for more
information.
Should you decide to rotate the tires, it
is essential to comply with the following:
Rotate tires on the same side only, since
braking characteristics and road grip
could otherwise be adversely affected.
Following rotation, the tire inflation
pressure should always be corrected.
Overview
If different tire sizes are mounted
on the front and rear axles (refer to
page 118), the wheels may not be rotated from one axle to the other.<
Controls
Tire age
The tread wear patterns at the front end
differ from those at the rear – the actual
patterns will vary according to individual driving conditions. In the interests of
safety and maintaining optimal handling
characteristics, tire rotation is not recommended.
Car care
Between the axles
Technology Repairs
Do not use retreaded tires. Driving
safety may be impaired by their
use. This is due to the possible variations in casing structures and, in some
cases, to their extreme age, factors that
can lead to a decrease in their durability.<
115n
Data
Tire rotation
Index
Tire replacement
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
116nWheel
and tire combinations
The right choice
Codes on tires and wheels
Winter tires:
Use only BMW-approved tires. Refer to
page 118.
The tire codes will aid you in selecting
the correct tire.
Due to the high speeds this vehicle can
reach, the use of specific brands, specifications and sizes is mandatory. Consult any BMW center for details. Comply with local/national regulations.
The codes on radial tires:
Q M+S = up to 100 mph (160 km/h)
T M+S = up to 118 mph (190 km/h)
H M+S = up to 130 mph (210 km/h)
Example:
Codes stamped on light-alloy wheels:
The correct wheel-tire combination affects different systems such
as ABS, ATC and DSC. The function of
these systems is impaired if improper
wheel-tire combinations are used.
For this reason, use only tires of the
same brand and tread pattern. In the
event of a flat tire, for example, remount
the approved wheel-tire combination as
soon as possible.<
205/60 R 15 91 W
Nominal width
in mm
Aspect ratio in %
Radial tire ID code
Rim diameter in inches
Load rating
(not on ZR tires)
Speed rating
(before R on ZR tires)
Example:
The speed rating indicates the approved
maximum speed for the tire.
Protect tire valve from dirt by using
screw-on valve stem caps. Dirt in the
valves frequently leads to slow leaks.
Summer tires:
S
T
H
V
W
Y
ZR
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
7 J x 15
Rim width
in inches
Code letter for
flange type
Symbol for full-drop
center rim
Rim diameter in inches
Hump on the 2 rim shoulders
H2
up to 112 mph (180 km/h)
up to 118 mph (190 km/h)
up to 130 mph (210 km/h)
up to 150 mph (240 km/h)
up to 167 mph (270 km/h)
above 167 mph (270 km/h)
above 150 mph (240 km/h)
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Winter tires
Winter tires display a perceptible loss in
their ability to cope with winter driving
conditions once the tread wears to
below 0.16 inches (4 mm), and should
thus be replaced.
Mount only winter tires approved by
BMW. Any BMW center will be glad to
Comply with the specified tire inflation
provide you with information on the
best winter tires for your particular driv- pressures – and be sure to have the
wheel and tire assemblies balanced
ing conditions.
every time you change the tires.
Snow chains*
The use of narrow-link BMW snow
chains on summer or winter tires is
approved only in pairs and only on the
rear wheels. Comply with all manufacturer's safety precautions when mounting the chains.
Overview
Controls
Always store tires in a cool, dry place.
Store them away from light whenever
possible. Protect the tires against contact with oil, grease and fuel.
Car care
Tire condition, tire pressure
Storage
Technology Repairs
In the interest of safe tracking and
steering response, install winter tires
made by the same manufacturer having
the same tread configuration on all four
wheels.
Never exceed the maximum speed
for which the tires are rated.
Unprofessional attempts by laymen to
service tires can lead to damage and
accidents.
Have this work performed by skilled
professionals only. Any BMW center
has the required technical knowledge
and the proper equipment and will be
happy to assist you.<
Data
BMW recommends winter tires (M+S
radial tires) for driving in adverse winter
road conditions. Although all-season
M+S tires provide better winter traction
than standard summer tires with H, V,
W, Y and ZR speed ratings, they generally fail to provide the same levels of
performance as standard snow tires in
winter driving.
Index
Choosing the right tire
117n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
118nApproved
wheel and tire specifications
Tire specifications
Steel rim (wheel rim) Light-alloy wheel
BMW 323i
All-Season
195/65 R 15 91 H
–
6.5Jx15
195/65 R 15 91 H
–
6.5Jx15
205/60 R 15 91 H
–
6.5Jx15
7Jx15
205/55 R 16 91 H
225/50 R 16 92 W
225/50 ZR 16
–
7Jx16
Summer tires
225/45 R 17 91 W
–
8Jx17
Front: 225/45 ZR 17
–
7.5Jx17
Rear: 245/40 ZR 17
–
8.5Jx17
195/65 R 15 91 Q M+S
6.5Jx15
6.5Jx15
205/60 R 15 91 Q M+S
6.5Jx15
6.5Jx15
7Jx15
205/55 R 16 91 Q M + S
225/50 R 16 92 Q M + S
7Jx16
7Jx16
225/45 R 17 91 Q M + S
–
8Jx17
T 125/90 R 15 96 M
3.5Bx15
–
T 125/90 R 16 98 M
3.5Bx16
–
Snow chains*
You cannot mount snow chains with the
following tires:
225/50 R 16 92 W
225/50 ZR 16
225/45 ZR 17
245/40 ZR 17
225/45 R 17 91 W
225/50 R 16 92 Q/T/H
225/45 R 17 91 Q/T/H
Mixed tires
For details concerning tire manufacturers for mixed tires, refer to the originalequipment specifications.
Winter tires
Space-saver spare tire
Comply with the specifications for tires and wheels in the vehicle's manuals.
If you install tire sizes not approved by the manufacturer, an entry in the vehicle
documents may be necessary.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Approved wheel and tire specifications
–
7Jx16
205/55 R 16 91 H
225/50 R 16 92 H
225/50 ZR 16
–
7Jx16
225/45 R 17 91 H
–
8Jx17
Front: 225/45 ZR 17
–
7.5Jx17
Rear: 245/40 ZR 17
–
8.5Jx17
205/55 R 16 91 Q M + S
225/50 R 16 92 Q M + S
7Jx16
7Jx16
225/45 R 17 91 Q M + S
–
8Jx17
3.5Bx16
–
Summer tires
Winter tires
Space-saver spare tire
T 125/90 R 16 98 M
Comply with the specifications for tires and wheels in the vehicle's manuals.
If you install tire sizes not approved by the manufacturer, an entry in the vehicle
documents may be necessary.
Mixed tires
For details concerning tire manufacturers for mixed tires, refer to the originalequipment specifications.
Overview
Controls
205/55 R 16 91 H
Car care
All-Season
You cannot mount snow chains with the
following tires:
225/50 R 16 92 W
225/50 ZR 16
225/45 ZR 17
245/40 ZR 17
225/45 R 17 91 W
225/50 R 16 92 Q/T/H
225/45 R 17 91 Q/T/H
Technology Repairs
BMW 328i
Snow chains*
Data
Steel rim (wheel rim) Light-alloy wheel
Index
Tire specifications
119n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
460de044
Do not work on your vehicle
without appropriate skills. Always
switch off the engine and allow it to
cool down before working in the engine
compartment. Always disconnect the
battery before working on any electrical
systems or equipment, especially when
these are located within the engine
compartment. Comply with all applicable instructions and warnings. Failure to
work in an informed, professional manner when servicing components and
materials constitutes a safety hazard
for vehicle occupants and other road
users. If you are not familiar with the
guidelines, please have the operations
performed by your BMW center.<
460de012
120nHood
To unlock
To open
Pull the lever located under the lefthand side of the instrument panel.
Pull the release handle and open the
hood.
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121n
To avoid injuries, be sure that the
travel path of the hood is clear
when it is closed, as with all closing
procedures. If it is determined that the
hood is not completely closed while
driving, stop immediately and close
it securely.<
Controls
Car care
Technology Repairs
Allow the hood to drop from a height of
about 12 inches (30 cm) so that it audibly engages.
Data
To close
Index
464de260
Overview
Hood
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compartment
462de281
122nEngine
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Engine compartment
123n
Controls
6 Auxiliary terminal for jump
starting 157
Car care
5 Reservoir for the windshield and
headlamp washer system* 124
Technology Repairs
4 Engine oil filler neck 125
Data
3 Coolant expansion tank 128
Index
2 Engine oil dipstick 125
Overview
1 Brake fluid reservoir 129
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124nWasher
fluids
Washer nozzles
460de108
Antifreeze agent for the washer
systems is inflammable. For this
reason, keep it away from sources of
flame and store it in its original container. Store it so that it is inaccessible
to children. Comply with the instructions on the containers.<
Windshield washer
The spray from the nozzles should be
directed so as to ensure effective
cleaning, even at high speeds. Use a
needle to adjust the nozzles as required, or have them adjusted by your
BMW center.
Headlamp washer system
Have this system adjusted by your
BMW center as required.
Headlamp* and windshield
washer system
Filling capacity: approx. 5.6 US quarts
(5.3 liters).
Fill with water and – if required – with a
washer antifreeze (according to manufacturer's recommendations).
We recommend that you mix the
washer fluid before adding it to
the reservoir.<
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Engine oil
As with fuel economy, oil consumption
is directly influenced by your driving
style and vehicle operating conditions.
Controls
Wait until the level has dropped to just
above the lower mark before adding oil.
However, never let the oil drop below
the lower mark.
BMW engines are designed to
operate without oil additives; the
use of additives could lead to damage
in some cases. This also applies for the
manual transmission, automatic transmission, differential and the power
steering system.<
Car care
462de245
To add oil
Technology Repairs
The space between the two marks on
the dipstick corresponds to approx.
1.1 US quarts (1 liter). Do not fill beyond
the upper mark on the dipstick. Excess
oil will damage the engine.
Data
1 Park the vehicle on a level surface.
2 Shut the engine off after it has
reached normal operating temperature.
3 After approx. 5 minutes, pull the dipstick out and wipe it off with a clean
lint-free cloth, paper towel, or similar
material.
4 Push the dipstick all the way into the
guide tube and pull it out again.
5 The oil level should be between the
two graduations on the dipstick.
Index
Checking the oil level
460de189
460de051
Overview
125n
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126nEngine
oil
Specified engine oils
Viscosity ratings
The quality of the engine oil is extremely important for the function and
life of an engine. Based on extensive
testing, BMW has approved only certain types of engine oils.
Viscosity is the oil flow rating as established in SAE classes.
Use only approved "BMW High Performance Synthetic Oil."
BMW recommends the use of oils in
SAE classes SAE 0W-X or SAE 5W-X
("X" stands for a typical value such as
30, 40, or 50).
If you are unable to obtain "BMW High
Performance Synthetic Oil," you may
use small volumes of other approved
synthetic oils for topping up between oil
changes. Use only oils with the specification API SH or higher.
The selection of the correct SAE class
depends on the climatic conditions in
the area where you drive your BMW.
These oils may be used for driving in all
ambient temperatures.
Ask your BMW center for details
concerning the specific "BMW
High Performance Synthetic Oil" or
other synthetic oils that have been
approved.<
530us050
You can also call BMW of North America at 1-800-831-1117 or visit this website: www.bmwusa.com to obtain this
information.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Overview
Controls
Car care
Continuous exposure to used oil
has caused cancer in laboratory
testing.
For this reason, thoroughly wash any
areas of skin that come into contact
with oil using soap and water.
Always store oils, grease and similar
materials so that they are inaccessible
to children. Comply with warning labels
and information on containers.<
Technology Repairs
Recommendation: Have the oil
changed by your BMW center only.
Data
Always comply with all environmental protection guidelines and
regulations when disposing of used
oil.<
127n
Index
Engine oil
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128nCoolant
Comply with the applicable environmental laws regulating the disposal of extended-duty antifreeze with
corrosion inhibitor.<
Add coolant
Wait until the engine cools before removing the cap from the expansion
tank. The needle of the coolant gauge
in the instrument cluster must be located in the blue zone. If it is not, there
is a danger of scalding.
460de053
Do not add coolant to the cooling
system when the engine is hot. If
you attempt to do so, escaping coolant
can cause burns.
To avoid the possibility of damage later
on, never use anything other than factory-approved, nitrite and amino-free
extended-duty antifreeze with corrosion
inhibitor. Your BMW center is familiar
with the official specifications.
Antifreeze and anticorrosion agents are
hazardous to health. You should always
store them in their original container
and in a location that is inaccessible to
children. Extended-duty antifreeze with
corrosion inhibitor contains ethylene
glycol, a flammable substance. For this
reason, do not spill antifreeze with corrosion inhibitor on hot engine parts. It
could ignite and cause serious burns.<
Checking coolant level
Correct coolant level when the engine
is cold (approx. 68 7 or 20 6):
Unscrew the cap from the expansion
tank.
The coolant level is correct when the
end of the red float is aligned with the
upper edge of the filler opening (refer
to the arrow in the illustration), or max.
0.8 in (2 cm) higher, that is up to the
second mark on the float (see also the
schematic diagram next to the filler
opening).
1 Turn the cap slightly counterclockwise in order to allow accumulated
pressure to escape. Then open.
2 If the coolant is low, slowly add
coolant until the correct level is
reached – do not overfill.
The coolant is a mixture of water and
extended-duty antifreeze with corrosion
inhibitor. Always maintain the prescribed all-season 50:50 mixture ratio
for year-round protection against internal corrosion. No other additives are
required.
Replace the coolant every four years.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Brake fluid loss can result in extended
pedal travel. Comply with the information provided on page 109.
Comply with the applicable environmental laws regulating the disposal of brake fluid.<
Overview
Controls
Car care
Technology Repairs
For adding brake fluid or for determining and correcting the cause of brake
fluid loss, consult your BMW center.
Your BMW center is familiar with the
specifications for factory-approved
brake fluids (DOT 4).
Brake fluid is hygroscopic, that is,
it absorbs moisture from the air
over time.
In order to ensure the safety and reliability of the brake system, have the
brake fluid changed every two years by
a BMW center. Refer also to page 154
and to the Service and Warranty Information Booklet (US models) or Warranty and Service Guide Booklet
(Canadian models).
Brake fluid is toxic and damages the
vehicle's paint. You should always store
it in its original container and in a location that is inaccessible to children.
Do not spill the fluid and do not fill the
brake fluid reservoir beyond the "MAX"
mark. The brake fluid could ignite upon
contact with hot engine parts and
cause serious burns.<
Data
If the brake warning lamp comes on
and the parking brake has been released:
Check the brake fluid level and if necessary, fill it back up to the top mark.
129n
Index
460de128
Brake fluid
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Identification Number
460de055
130nVehicle
In the engine compartment, on the
right-hand strut dome (arrow).
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Please keep in mind that regular maintenance is not only necessary for the
safety of your vehicle, but also plays a
significant role in maintaining the resale
value of the vehicle.
As a precaution against rust, it might be
a good idea to have the body checked
for damage from rocks or gravel at the
same time, depending upon operating
conditions.
Have your BMW center perform
maintenance and repair.
Your BMW center is always informed on
The BMW Maintenance System inthe latest maintenance work and repair
cludes the Engine Oil Service and Intechniques and equipped with the respections I and II.
quired special tools. In addition, checkDetermining the maintenance intervals
ing parts known from experience to be
according to the actual use of the car
covers every kind of operating situation. subject to wear is a permanent part of
the maintenance specifications.
Minimal use drivers – those who drive
Be sure that all maintenance work is
significantly less than 6,000 miles
(10,000 km) per year – should neverthe- confirmed in the Service and Warranty
less have the oil changed at least every Information Booklet (US models) or Wartwo years, since engine oil ages regard- ranty and Service Guide Booklet (Canadian models). These entries are your
less of use.
verification for the regular maintenance
of your vehicle and are required for the
performance of warranty repairs.<
Overview
Controls
Please refer to the Service and Warranty Information Booklet (US models)
or Warranty and Service Guide Booklet
(Canadian models) for additional information on maintenance intervals and
procedures.
Car care
Service and Warranty Information
Booklet (US models) /
Warranty and Service Guide
Booklet (Canadian models)
Technology Repairs
The BMW Maintenance System has
been designed as a reliable means of
providing maximum driving and operating safety – and as cost-effectively as
possible for you. Technical innovations
have made it possible to reduce maintenance costs significantly compared to
earlier models.
Advanced technology is employed to
calculate the optimal maintenance intervals. These are then indicated in the
Service Interval Display. While conventional systems rely on distance traveled
alone to determine when service is due,
the BMW Maintenance System has for
years considered the actual conditions
under which the vehicle operates, because miles can be traveled in many
different ways.
From the point of view of maintenance,
62,000 miles (100,000 km) accumulated
in short-distance urban driving are not
the equivalent of the same distance
covered at moderate speeds in longdistance highway travel.
Data
460us112
Service Interval Display
131n
Index
The BMW Maintenance System
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132nCaring
for your car
Washing your car
You can have your BMW washed in
an automatic car wash, even when it
is new. Car wash systems that do not
employ brushes are preferable.
Wipe away tough dirt and loosen and
remove dead insects before washing
the car.
In order to avoid spots, do not wash the
vehicle when the hood is warm, or during or immediately after exposure to
strong sunlight.
When using an automatic car wash, be
sure that:
> The car wash system is suited for the
dimensions of your vehicle.
> No damage will occur on vehicles
with attached body accessories (such
as spoilers or antennas). Consult the
car wash operator if necessary.
> The wheels and tires of your vehicle
cannot be damaged by the conveyance devices of the car wash system.
> The vehicle is cleaned with minimum
brush pressure, and that ample water
is available for washing and rinsing.
Vehicles with rain sensor*:
Clean the windshield regularly. Wax
from automatic car washes or insects
can cause malfunctions in the function
of the rain sensor*.
When cleaning the headlamps,
please observe the following:
> Do not clean by wiping with a dry
cloth (this causes scratches). Never
use abrasives or strong solvents.
> Remove dirt and contamination (such
Turn the rain sensor* off (refer to
as insects) by soaking with BMW Car
page 69) when passing through an
Shampoo and then rinsing with plenty
automatic car wash. Failure to do so
of water.
could result in damage caused by unin- > Always use a deicer spray to remove
tended wiper activation.<
accumulated ice and snow – never
use a scraper.<
Parts of the car that are inaccessible to
the automatic washer – such as door
After washing the car, apply the
sills, door and hood edges, etc. –
brakes briefly to dry them. Braking
should be cleaned by hand.
efficiency might otherwise be reduced
In the winter months, it is especially
by the moisture and the brake rotors
important to be sure that the car is
could also be corroded.<
washed on a regular basis. Large quantities of dirt and road salt are difficult to
remove, and they also cause damage
to the vehicle.
If spray wands or high-pressure
washers are used, be sure to
maintain an adequate distance between
the spray source and the vehicle's surface. Inadequate distance and excessive pressure can damage or weaken
the finish, making it more susceptible to
subsequent attack. In addition, moisture could penetrate to vehicle components, leading to long-term damage.<
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Caring for your car
In coastal regions, high levels of atmospheric salt and humidity promote corrosion.
In tropical zones, temperatures of over
105 7 (40 6) in the shade prevail, in
addition to heavy ultraviolet radiation
and high humidity. Under those conditions, light paints can reach temperaDepending upon material and type of
tures up to 175 7 (80 6) and dark
impact (perforation of paint layer), phys- paints up to 250 7 (120 6).
ical stresses from sand, road salt,
changes in the paint's chemical structure or to discoloration. Gasoline spilled
during refueling, oil, grease and brake
fluid should always be cleaned away
immediately, as should bird droppings.
Any contamination remaining on the
surface of the vehicle will be especially
conspicuous after washing. Use cleaning fluid or alcohol with a clean cloth or
cotton pad to remove. Remove tar spots
with tar remover. After cleaning, the
affected areas should be waxed to
ensure continued protection.
Use cleaning and car-care
products that you can obtain at
your BMW center.<
Overview
Controls
Car care
In industrial areas, deposits of flue dust,
lime, oily soot, precipitation containing
sulfur-dioxide (acid rain) and other environmental pollutants will damage the
car's finish unless adequate care is provided – even though this is generally
limited to the outside horizontal surfaces.
Technology Repairs
Increasing awareness of the effects of
harmful environmental factors on vehicle finishes have urged paint and vehicle manufacturers to initiate ongoing
programs designed to further improve
the durability of their finishes. Despite
this, environmental factors that occur
locally or regionally can have negative
effects on the finish of your vehicle.
These should guide you in determining
the frequency and extent of your efforts
to maintain the vehicle finish.
gravel, etc., can cause corrosion to
Caring for the vehicle finish
start extending beneath the finish, start- Regular washing is a preventive meaing at the point of impact.
sure against long-term effects from
substances that are harmful to the vehiRoad dirt, tar spots, dead insects, animal droppings (strong alkali effect) and cle's finish, especially if you drive your
vehicle in areas with high levels of air
tree excretions (resins and pollen) all
contain substances capable of causing pollution or aggressive natural subdamage when allowed to remain on the stances (tree resins, pollen).
finish of your vehicle for any period of
Nevertheless, you should immediately
time. This includes spots, etching, flak- remove especially aggressive subing, and separations in the top coat.
stances. Failure to do so can lead to
Data
To provide effective corrosion protection, multilayer paintwork is applied at
the factory. Cataphoretic immersion
priming techniques are supplemented
using special body-cavity protectants,
with the application of specially-developed and extensively tested materials.
A layer of flexible PVC is first applied
to the undercarriage. Following this, a
comprehensive undercoating treatment with a wax-based protectant is
applied. Regular maintenance makes
an important contribution to maintaining
the safety and value of your vehicle.
Index
Exterior finish
133n
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134nCaring
for your car
Waxing your car
Paint damage
Protect the finish using carnauba or
synthetic-based waxes only.
You can touch up small areas of paint
damage with a BMW spray paint or a
BMW touchup stick.
The best way to determine when the
finish needs to be waxed is by noting
when water stops beading on the surface.
You can use a glass cleaner to remove
any wax or silicone that may have been
left on the windows during waxing.
Use cleaning and car-care
products that you can obtain at
your BMW center.<
Caring for other vehicle
components and materials
Light-alloy wheels should be treated
with alloy wheel cleaner, especially durThe paint color code for your car is pro- ing the winter months. However, do not
use aggressive products containing
vided on a sticker located next to the
type plate and on the first page of your acids, strong alkalis or abrasives. Do
not use steam cleaners operating at
Service and Warranty Information
temperatures above 140 7 (60 6).
Booklet (US models) or Warranty and
Service Guide Booklet (Canadian mod- Follow the manufacturer's instructions.
If your vehicle has chrome parts * such
els).
as the window frames and door handles,
Damage caused by flying stones,
clean these parts carefully with ample
scratches, etc., must be touched up
without delay to prevent rust from form- clean water and a shampoo supplement
if desired, especially if they have an
ing.
accumulation of road salt. Use chrome
If corrosion has started to form in an
polish as an additional treatment.
area with paint damage, remove all rust
and clean the area. Then prime the area You can use window and glass cleaner
with a BMW Primer Stick. Finally, apply to clean inside window surfaces and
mirrors without smearing and streaking.
the finish coat. Wait a few days, then
Never use polishing pastes or abrasive
polish the repaired area. Finish by
(quartz) cleansers on mirror lenses.
applying a wax preservative.
More extensive paint damage should
be professionally repaired in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Your BMW center uses original
BMW finish materials in accordance
with official repair procedures.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Caring for your car
Use only wiper blades approved
by BMW.<
Do not remove safety belts to clean
them. Clean them with mild soapy
water only. Do not use chemicals or dry
cleaners to clean safety belts, since this
could damage the belt fabric.
Use cleaning and car-care
products that you can obtain at
your BMW center.<
Lint on upholstery materials, rubbed-in
fabric or suede residues can be removed with a lint brush or Velcro®
brush. A cleaning glove is available for
especially "stubborn" lint. Stains and
fairly large areas of dirt should be
cleaned off without delay, using lukewarm water and an interior cleaner,
stain remover or appropriate cleaning
fluid. Brush the fabric afterwards to restore its appearance.
If the vehicle will be stored for an extended period or if it is exposed to intense sunlight, cover all the seats or the
windows to prevent fading.
Use cleaning and car-care
products that you can obtain at
your BMW center.<
Overview
Controls
The tendency of the pile to lie in a particular direction on velour upholstery is
not a quality defect. Just as with home
textiles or clothing, this cannot be
avoided.
Car care
Use only a damp cloth to clean trim
panels made of real wood* and other
parts constructed of real wood *. Follow
up by drying with a soft cloth.
Depressions in the upholstery that result from everyday use can be brushed
smooth by brushing against the nap
with a lightly dampened brush.
Technology Repairs
Clean the wiper blades with soapy
water. The wiper blades should be replaced twice a year – before and after
the cold season. This is especially important for vehicles with a rain sensor *.
Heavily soiled floor carpets and mats *
can be cleaned with an interior cleaner.
The floor mats can be removed from
the vehicle for cleaning.
Care of upholstery materials
Data
Rubber components should be cleaned
with water only; a rubber treatment or
silicone spray may also be applied.
After cleaning, never allow the inertia
reel to retract the belts until they are
completely dry. Dirty safety belts prevent the inertia reel mechanism from
retracting the strap properly, and thus
constitute a safety hazard.
Index
Plastic components, vinyl upholstery,
headliners, lamp lenses, the clear cover
of the instrument panel and components with a sprayed dull black surface
can be cleaned with water (add plastic
shampoo as required). Do not allow
moisture to soak through the seats or
headliner. Never use solvents such as
lacquer thinner, heavy-duty grease remover, fuels, or similar substances.
135n
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136nCaring
for your car
The buildup of an electrostatic charge
on the seat covers, particularly if atmospheric humidity is low, can give the
occupants an unpleasant electric shock
if they touch metal body parts after leaving the vehicle. Although this not dangerous in any way, it can be avoided by
touching a bare or polished metal part
of the car while getting out.
Leather care
The leather upholstery* used by BMW
is a natural product of the highest quality, processed using state-of-the-art
methods to ensure that it will maintain
its high quality for years to come, provided that it is properly cared for.
Because this product is manufactured
using natural materials, you must make
allowance for its special characteristics
and for the peculiarities of its use and
care.
Regular periodic cleaning and care are
essential, as dust and road dirt act as
abrasives in the pores and creases of
the material. This leads to wear spots
and premature brittleness on the surface of the leather. We therefore suggest that you clean the leather with a
vacuum cleaner or cloth at frequent
intervals.
For cleaning, use BMW leather cleaning
foam.
Since dirt and grease gradually attack
the protective layer of the leather, the
cleaned surfaces should be treated
with BMW leather care agent. This also
acts as an antistatic agent.
For protection against dampness or
moisture, treat the leather with a BMW
impregnating agent.
Cleaning agents can contain substances that are dangerous or that
pose health risks. For this reason, always comply with the warnings and
danger notices on the packaging.
Open the doors or windows on your vehicle when cleaning the interior. Never
clean your vehicle with solvents or other
materials not specifically intended for
this purpose.<
We recommend that you perform this
procedure twice a year on leather exposed to normal use.
Spills should be wiped up immediately.
Remove grease and oil stains without
rubbing, but rather by dabbing with
spot remover.
If the upholstery will be exposed to intense sunlight, or if the vehicle is to be
stored for an extended period, cover all
leather surfaces to prevent fading (or
better yet, cover the windows).
Use cleaning and car-care
products that you can obtain at
your BMW center.<
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
3 Side airbags (front and rear*)
Important safety notices
Don't remove the airbag restraint
system's gas generator. Testing
and servicing must be performed by
trained technicians only. In the event of
a malfunction, deactivation, or triggered
actuation (as a response to an accident)
of the airbag restraint system, consult
your BMW center for repairs or service
operations.
Overview
Car care
Controls
Consult your BMW center regarding
special procedures if you intend to
store the vehicle for more than three
months.
Technology Repairs
2 Side impact Head Protection System
(front)
Do not modify or tamper with either the
wiring or the individual components in
the airbag system. These include the
padded steering wheel hub, the instrument panel, the side trim panels of the
front or rear doors and the roof pillars or
the sides of the headliner. Do not apply
adhesive materials to these components or cover or modify them in any
way. Do not attempt to remove or dismantle the steering wheel.
To ensure compliance with official
safety regulations, have an BMW center
dispose of airbag generators.
Unprofessional attempts to service the
system could lead to failure in an emergency or undesired airbag activation,
either of which could result in personal
injury.<
137n
Data
1 Front airbags for driver and passenger
Vehicle storage
Index
460de140
Airbags
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138nTechnical
modifications to the vehicle
Any BMW center will be glad to inform
you of the advisability, legal requirements and factory recommendations
regarding technical modifications on
your vehicle. For this purpose, the
BMW center will require the Vehicle
Identification Number and, in some
cases, also the engine number.
Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs)
Light-emitting diodes installed behind
translucent lenses serve as the light
source for many of the controls and displays in your vehicle. These LEDs resemble conventional lasers and are
classified by law as "Class 1 light-emitting diodes."
Do not remove the protective lens
and avoid staring directly at the
unfiltered beam for extended periods
(several hours). To do so could result in
inflammation of the iris.<
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
OBD interface socket
Controls
Car care
Technology Repairs
The purpose of the OBD system is to
assure proper emission control system
operation for the vehicle's lifetime by
monitoring emission-related components and systems for deterioration and
malfunction.
If the fuel filler cap is not on tight
enough, the OBD system can detect
leaking vapor and the indicator will light
up. If the fuel filler cap is then tightened,
the indicator will usually go out after a
short period of time.
Data
The OBD interface socket for onboard
diagnostics is located on the driver's
side at the left-hand bottom of the instrument panel and under a cover. The
cover has the letters "OBD" on it.
If the indicator blinks or flashes, this
indicates a high level of engine misfire.
Reduce speed and contact your nearest BMW center immediately. Severe
engine misfire over even a short period
of time can seriously damage emission
control components, especially the catalytic converter.
Index
460us250
An illuminated indicator informs you of
the need for service, not that you need
to stop the vehicle. Your system should
be checked, however, at the earliest
possible opportunity.
Overview
139n
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140n
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In case of electrical
malfunction:
Fuel filler door 156
Sliding/Tilt sunroof 156
Operation, care
and maintenance
Assistance, giving and
receiving:
Jump-starting 157
Towing the vehicle 158
Owner service procedures
Advanced technology
Controls
Controls and features
Car care
Overview
Technology Repairs
Replacement procedures:
Onboard tool kit 142
Windshield wiper blades 142
Lamps and bulbs 142
Changing a wheel 149
Battery 152
Fuses 154
Microfilter 155
Overview
141n
Data
Technical data
Index
Index
Repairs
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
142nOnboard
tool kit
Windshield wiper blades
Lamps and bulbs
The onboard tool kit is located in the
luggage compartment lid.
Loosen the wingnut to open.
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The lamps and bulbs are essential factors contributing to the safety of your
vehicle. For this reason, follow the instructions below carefully when replacing a bulb.If you are not familiar with
any of the procedures, consult your
BMW center.
1 Rotate the wiper arm completely out
from the windshield.
2 Position the wiper blade at an angle
and pull the release spring (arrow).
3 Fold the wiper blade down and unhook it toward the windshield.
4 Pull the wiper blade past the wiper
arm toward the top.
5 Insert a new wiper blade and apply
pressure until you hear it engage.
Use only wiper blades approved
by BMW.<
Do not touch the glass portion of
a new bulb with your bare hands
since even small amounts of impurities
burn in to the surface and reduce the
service life of the bulb. Use a clean
cloth, paper napkin, or a similar material, or hold the bulb by its metallic
base.<
A replacement bulb set is available from
your BMW center.
Whenever working on the electrical system, switch off the electrical accessory you are working on or
disconnect the cable from the negative
terminal of the battery. Failure to do this
could result in short circuits.
To prevent injuries and damage, comply with any instructions provided by
the bulb manufacturer.<
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Lamps and bulbs
H7, 55 watt bulb
2 High beams
H7, 55 watt bulb
The H7 bulb is pressurized. Therefore, wear safety glasses and protective gloves. Failure to comply with
this precaution could lead to injury if the
bulb is accidentally damaged during replacement.<
1 Turn the bulb holder to the left and
remove it.
2 Remove and replace the bulb.
Controls
Car care
Because of the extremely high
voltages involved, any work on the
lighting system should be performed
only by technicians with the appropriate
qualifications. Failure to comply with
this creates a risk of fatal injury.<
Technology Repairs
1 Low beams
The service life of these bulbs is very
long and the probability of a failure is
very low, provided that they are not
switched on and off an unusual number
of times. If one of these bulbs should
nevertheless fail, it is possible to continue driving with great caution using
the front fog lamps, provided traffic
laws in your area do not prohibit this.
Data
The illustration shows the left-hand side
of the engine compartment.
> Do not clean by wiping with a dry
cloth (this causes scratches). Never
use abrasives or strong solvents to
clean the covers.
> Remove dirt and contamination (such
as insects) by soaking with BMW Car
Shampoo and then rinsing with plenty
of water.
> Always use a deicer spray to remove
accumulated ice and snow – never
use a scraper.<
Xenon lamps*
Index
460de130
When cleaning the headlamps,
please observe the following:
Overview
143n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
The illustration shows the left-hand side
of the engine compartment.
Parking lamps
5 watt bulb
1 Turn the bulb holder to the left (arrow)
and remove it.
2 Remove and replace the bulb.
Front turn signal indicator
21 watt bulb
1 Using a screwdriver, release the inner
hook through the upper opening.
2 Pull the lamp toward the front.
3 Applying light pressure, turn the bulb
to the left. Remove and exchange the
bulb.
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and bulbs
460de171
144nLamps
4 Insert the 2 pins on the lamp into the
guides on the vehicle.
5 Guide the lamp into position. Apply
gentle pressure until you hear it engage.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Lamps and bulbs
Controls
Front fog lamps
Tail lamps
5 watt bulb
HB4, 55 watt bulb
Tail lamps (4): bulbs 21/4 watts
Remaining bulbs: 21 watts
The bulb is pressurized. Therefore, wear safety glasses and protective gloves. Failure to comply with
this precaution could lead to injury if the
bulb is accidentally damaged during replacement.<
1 Turn signal indicator
white
3 Tail lamp
red
4 Tail lamps/Brake lamps
red
Data
1 Using a screwdriver, carefully loosen
the lamp.
2 Applying light pressure, turn the bulb
to the left. Remove and exchange the
bulb.
2 Backup lamps
yellow
Index
1 Use finger pressure against the rear
end of the lens (arrow) to press it forward for removal.
2 Apply gentle pressure to the bulb
while turning it to the left to remove.
Technology Repairs
Side turn signal indicator*
Car care
460us046
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Overview
145n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
The illustration shows the right-hand
luggage compartment opening.
Bulbs in the fender:
All of the bulbs are integrated in a central bulb holder.
1 Release the bulb holder (arrow, partial view) and remove.
2 Unplug the power supply receptacle.
Set the bulb holder aside (on the
luggage compartment floor, for example).
3 Applying light pressure, turn the bulb
to the left. Remove and exchange the
bulb.
4 Plug in the power supply receptacle.
5 Position the bulb holder for reinstallation. Apply gentle pressure on the
button (arrow, partial view) until you
hear it engage.
Bulbs in the luggage compartment lid:
1 Using a screwdriver, loosen the two
clips.
462us033
460de131
and bulbs
460de057
146nLamps
2 Fold the trim panel down (arrow 1).
Disengage the bulb holder (arrow 2)
and remove it.
3 Applying light pressure, turn the bulb
to the left. Remove and exchange the
bulb.
4 Press the bulb holder into position
until you hear it engage.
5 Reinstall the trim with the two clips.
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Lamps and bulbs
Controls
License plate lamps
Interior lamps
LED light bar on the rear window.
5 watt bulb
Front
Please contact a BMW center in the
event of a malfunction.
1 Place a screwdriver in the slot and
press toward the left (arrow) to release the lens.
2 Replace the bulb.
The illustration provides an example of
the interior lamps when equipped with
reading lamps*.
Interior lamps (2 x 5 watt bulbs)
1 Using a screwdriver, press the lamp
out toward the front.
2 Remove the lens and pull the bulb
out of the contact studs.
Car care
Center (high-mount) brake lamp
Technology Repairs
460de182
1 Using a screwdriver, press the lamp
out toward the front.
2 Turn the bulb holder to the left and
remove.
3 Remove and replace the bulb.
Data
Interior lamps (6 watt bulb) with reading
lamps* (2 x 6 watt bulbs)
Index
460de047
462de268
Overview
147n
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148nLamps
and bulbs
Footwell lamps*
5 watt bulb
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1 Press the lamp out using a screwdriver.
2 Replace the bulb.
Rear
Lighted vanity mirror*
The illustration provides an example of
the interior lamps when equipped with
reading lamps*.
10 watt bulb
Interior lamps (5 watt bulb)
1 Using a screwdriver, press the lamp
out toward the front.
2 Turn the bulb holder to the left and
remove.
3 Remove and replace the bulb.
1 Remove the bulb housing – use a
screwdriver if necessary.
2 Replace the bulb.
Glove compartment lamp
5 watt bulb
1 Press the lamp out using a screwdriver.
2 Replace the bulb.
Luggage compartment lamps
One lamp each in the bulb holder of the
tail lamp assembly: 10 watt bulb.
1 Apply a screwdriver to the recess and
remove the lens.
2 Replace the bulb.
Interior lamps (6 watt bulb) with reading
lamp* (6 watt bulb)
1 Press the lamp out using a screwdriver.
2 Turn the bulb holder to the left and
remove.
3 Remove and replace the bulb.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Changing a wheel
Controls
> Jack (1)
Raise the floor panel in the luggage
compartment (refer to page 41) and
loosen the red wing nut (arrow).
When you have completed work,
screw the jack all the way back
down. Fold the handle back and insert it in its holder.
> Wedge (2)
The wedge, or wheel chock, is located behind the jack on the luggage
compartment's rear wall. Loosen the
wing nut to remove it.
Car care
In order to avoid rattling noises later,
note the position of the tools when you
remove them and return them to their
original position when you are through
using them.
Technology Repairs
You will the need the following:
Data
To remove the spare wheel*,
lift the floor panel in the luggage
compartment completely out (refer to
page 41).<
Index
Your BMW has either a spare wheel * or
a space-saver spare tire* for temporary
use and to ensure your mobility.
Overview
support capacity because of the limited
height.
Do not lie under the vehicle or start the
engine when the vehicle is supported
by the jack. Failure to comply with this
creates a risk of fatal injury.<
460de058
Take these precautionary measures if you have either a flat tire
or are changing the tire.
Stop the vehicle as far as possible from
passing traffic. Park on a firm, flat surface. Switch on the hazard flashers.
Turn the steering wheel to the straightahead position, remove the key and engage the steering lock. Shift into 1st or
reverse (selector lever in "Park" with
automatic) and engage the parking
brake.
Have all passengers leave the car and
remain well away from your immediate
working area (behind a guardrail, for instance).
If a warning triangle or portable hazard
warning lamp is available, set it up on
the roadside at an appropriate distance
from the rear of the vehicle. Comply
with all applicable safety guidelines and
regulations.
Change the wheel only on a level, firm
surface that is not slippery. Avoid jacking the car on a soft or slippery support
surface (snow, ice, loose gravel, etc.),
as it could slide sideways.
Position the jack on a firm support surface.
Do not place wooden blocks or similar
objects under the jack. If you do so, the
jack might not be able to reach its full
149n
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> Spare tire* or space-saver spare tire* Procedure
Located next to the jack.
1 Read and comply with the safety
Loosen the wing nut (arrow) by hand,
precautions provided on the previremove the storage tray and take out
ous page.
the spare wheel.
2 Secure the vehicle from rolling:
> Lug wrench – is in the onboard tool
Place the wedge against the rear
kit on the underside of the luggage
surface of the front tire on the side
compartment lid (refer to page 142).
opposite the side being raised. If
the vehicle is parked on a downward slope, place the wedge securely in front of the tire. If the
wheel must be changed on a surface with a more severe slope, take
additional precautions to secure the
vehicle from rolling.
3 If your wheels are equipped with full
wheel covers*: Reach into the ventilation openings and pull the cover
off.
460de190
a wheel
460de124
460de059
150nChanging
4 Loosen the lug bolts 1/2 turn.
5 Position the jack at the jacking point
closest to the flat tire (refer to the
center illustration) so that the jack
base is vertically below the jacking
point and the entire surface of the
head of the jack will move into the
square recess of the jacking point
(refer to the illustration detail) when
the jack is cranked.
6 Jack the car up until the wheel you
are changing is raised from the
ground.
7 Unscrew the lug bolts and remove
the wheel.
8 Remove accumulations of mud or
dirt from the mounting surfaces of
the wheel and hub; clean the lug
bolts.
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Use only the full wheel cover installed by the factory. Other wheel
covers may not fit securely. The full
wheel cover may not be installed on the
space-saver spare tire* since this could
damage the cover.<
If light-alloy wheels other than Original
BMW light-alloy wheels have been
mounted, it may be necessary to use
different lug bolts for those wheels.
Replace the defective tire as quickly as
possible and have the new wheel balanced.
Overview
Controls
Car care
Technology Repairs
When storing the wheel, be sure that
you do not damage the retaining pin in
the spare tire recess.
Data
13 Wheels with full wheel covers:
Position the wheel cover with the
valve opening over the valve (arrow)
and press it onto the wheel with
both hands.
14 Check and correct the tire's inflation
pressure at the earliest possibility.
For vehicles with RDC (Tire Pressure Control)*:
Reactivate the system after mounting either the spare tire or after inflating tire(s) to proper pressure.
Refer to page 80.
The vehicle jack is designed for
changing wheels only. Do not attempt to raise another vehicle model
with it or to raise any load of any kind.
To do so could cause accidents and
personal injury.
Have the lug bolts checked for proper
tightness with a calibrated torque
wrench at the earliest possibility [torque
specification: 72 lb.ft. (100 Nm)].<
Index
9 Position the new wheel or the
space-saver spare tire* on the hub
and screw at least two lug bolts finger-tight into opposite bolt holes.
10 Screw in the remaining lug bolts.
Tighten all the bolts securely.
11 Lower the jack and remove it from
beneath the car.
12 Tighten the lug bolts in a diagonal
pattern.
151n
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Changing a wheel
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152nChanging
a wheel
Battery
Driving with the space-saver
spare tire*
The changes in handling characteristics
will be even more pronounced in conjunction with winter tires.
Only one space-saver spare tire
may be mounted at one time.
Mount a wheel and tire with the same
size and specifications as the others at
the earliest possible opportunity. Maintain correct tire pressures. Refer to
page 28.<
460de252
Be aware that vehicle handling will be
altered. Slower brake response time,
longer braking distances and changed
steering characteristics may be anticipated when approaching limit conditions.
460de176
Drive cautiously and do not exceed a
speed of 45 mph (80 km/h).
Battery location
Charge condition
The battery is located at the right-rear
of the luggage compartment. Raise the
luggage compartment floor panel (refer
to page 41). Use a screwdriver or a coin
to loosen the two fasteners in the illustration 1/4-turn. Loosen the third fastener in the upper-center side trim
panel. Remove the fasteners. In order
to remove the storage tray, slide the
side trim panel slightly upward.
The "Magic Eye*" is a hydrometer that
allows you to read the charge condition
of the battery:
> Green: adequate charge.
> Black: not adequately charged. The
battery must be recharged. Please
contact your BMW center for additional information.
> Yellow: Replace the battery.
The service life specified for the
battery can be achieved only if it is
always kept adequately charged. If the
vehicle is primarily used for stop-andgo traffic, be sure to check the charge
state often.<
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Battery
You will find the following symbols on
your car battery. To avoid injury, please
comply with the corresponding precautions whenever you work with or near
the battery.
Before handling the battery,
please read the following information.
Wear eye protection. Do not
allow particles containing battery acid or lead to come into
contact with your eyes, your skin, or
your clothing.
Battery acid is extremely corrosive. Wear eye protection and
protective gloves. Do not tip the
battery. Battery acid can leak from the
ventilation openings.
A highly-explosive gas is generated when the battery is charged.
If battery acid is splashed into
your eyes, rinse them thoroughly with clear water for at
least 15 minutes. Consult a physician
immediately. If your skin or clothing are
splashed by acid, rinse immediately
with ample clear water. If electrolyte is
accidentally swallowed, consult a physician immediately.
In order to protect the battery
case from ultraviolet radiation,
do not place it in direct sunlight.
A discharged battery can freeze. Store
the battery in areas where temperature
remains above freezing.
When removing the battery, disconnect
the cable on the negative terminal first,
then the cable on the positive terminal.
Loosen the center adjusting screw on
the battery retaining strap (use the
screwdriver included with the onboard
tool kit) and disconnect the strap.
When installing a battery, connect the
positive terminal first, then connect the
negative terminal.
When installing a battery, be sure
that it is mounted properly and
that the retaining bracket is installed
with the center adjustment screw. If this
is not done, the battery will not be adequately secured in case of an accident.<
Overview
Controls
Do not disconnect the battery
when the engine is running. If you
do so, the ensuing voltage surge will
damage the vehicle's onboard electronics.
Do not make any modifications in the
wires to the positive terminal. If you do
so, the protective function of the safety
battery terminal is no longer ensured.
Repair and disposal must be performed
by trained technicians only.<
Car care
Symbols
Never allow sparks or open
flame in the vicinity of the battery. Avoid sparks from electrical cables or electrical equipment. Turn
the key to position 0 in the steering lock
when disconnecting or connecting the
battery. Do not short-circuit the battery
terminals. This creates a risk of injury
from high-energy sparks.
Removal and installation
Technology Repairs
For all questions that regard the
battery, please consult your BMW
center. Since the battery is maintenance-free, the following is for your
information only.<
Do not allow children access to
batteries and battery acid.
Data
The battery is absolutely maintenancefree, that is, the original electrolyte will
normally last for the service life of the
battery under moderate climatic conditions.
Index
Battery care
153n
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154nBattery
Fuses
Charging the battery
Storage periods during which the
battery is disconnected are not
taken into consideration by the Service
Interval Display for changing the brake
Before doing any work on the elec- fluid.
trical system, be sure to unclamp For this reason, be sure that the brake
fluid is changed every two years, rethe cable from the battery's negative
gardless of the information displayed.
terminal. Failure to do so can result in
short-circuits, a fire or personal injury.< Read and comply with the information
on page 129 covering this subject.<
If the vehicle is to be parked longer than
four weeks, disconnect the battery from
the vehicle's electrical system by disconnecting the negative terminal cable
and then recharge using a suitable
charging device.
If you intend to store your car for longer
than twelve weeks: Remove the battery,
charge it and store it in a cool (but frostand dust-free) room. Every three months
and before reinstalling the battery, have
it recharged. If it is not recharged, it will
not be serviceable. Every time the battery is discharged, especially over extended periods, its service life is reduced.
Return used batteries to a recycling center or your BMW center.
Maintain the battery in an upright position for transport and storage. Secure
the battery to prevent it from tilting during transport.<
460de062
Charge the battery in the vehicle only
when the engine is not running.
If an electrical accessory should fail,
switch it off and check the fuse.
In the glove compartment
1 Open the glove compartment and
turn the two white quick-release fasteners outward. Spare fuses and
plastic tweezers are located on the
fuse holder.
2 Use the plastic tweezers to remove
the fuse for the accessory or equipment that has stopped working.
3 If the fuse is burned through (the
metal strip is melted and separated),
replace it with a new fuse of the same
ampere rating (color code).
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Microfilter
155n
Overview
The fuses, their respective ampere ratings and the equipment in their circuits
are all indicated below the fuse holder.
Controls
Car care
4 Remove the filter by pulling it forward. Install the new filter.
5 Position the filter cover and secure it
with the three fasteners.
Data
1 Open the hood.
2 Loosen the three fasteners (arrow)
with a 1/4-turn.
3 Remove the filter cover.
Index
If a fuse blows repeatedly, refer the
problem to your BMW center for repair.
460de157
Do not attempt to repair a burned
fuse or replace it with a fuse having a different color or amperage rating.
To do this could cause a fire in the vehicle resulting from a circuit overload.<
460de156
To close the fuse holder, snap it into
position at the top and turn the two fasteners inward.
Technology Repairs
Fuses
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Sliding/Tilt sunroof*
460de183
filler door
460de178
156nFuel
Manual release
Manual operation
Pull the knob with the fuel pump symbol
(arrow) on the right trim panel of the
luggage compartment.
1 Remove the interior lamp (refer to
page 147), reach into the opening
and push the panel out.
2 Turn the sunroof's steel crank with
the Allen wrench from the onboard
tool kit (refer to page 142) in the desired direction.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Jump-starting
1
2
3
4
Depending on the cause of the fault,
recharge the battery.
Controls
Car care
Technology Repairs
gine compartment. The cover of the
positive terminal connector is marked
with a "+" sign. Refer to the illustration. Remove by pulling the tab
(arrow 1).
Be sure that the battery on the sup5 Then connect the negative terminals.
port vehicle is also rated at 12 volts,
Attach the cable to either the support
and that the capacities of the two
vehicle's negative battery terminal (–),
batteries (Ah) are roughly comparable
or to a suitable ground on its engine
(printed on casing).
or bodywork. Then connect the other
Leave the discharged battery conend of the cable to a ground on the
nected to the vehicle's electrical sysengine or on the bodywork of the
tem.
vehicle that is to be started. There is
Make sure that there is no contact
a special nut provided for this on the
between the bodywork of the two veBMW (arrow 2).
hicles – this creates a risk of short circuits.
Follow the same sequence for
Start by connecting the jumper cable
connecting the jumper cables
from the positive terminal of the supwhen helping other vehicles. If you do
port vehicle to the positive terminal
not, there is the risk of injury if sparks
connector located in your BMW's enare generated at the battery.<
Carefully comply with the following instructions to avoid personal injury or
damage to one or both vehicles:
6 Start the engine of the support vehicle and let it run.
7 Start the engine on the vehicle needing the jump-start, and allow it to run
as usual. If the first start attempt is
not successful, wait a few minutes
before another attempt in order to
allow the discharged battery to recharge.
8 Before disconnecting the jumper cables from your BMW, turn on the rear
window defroster and set the blower
to the highest speed; allow the engine to run approx. 10 seconds. This
will prevent a voltage surge from the
voltage regulator to the electrical accessories.
9 Then disconnect the jumper cables in
reverse sequence.
Data
Do not touch the parts conducting
electrical current while the engine
is running. Failure to comply with this
creates a risk of fatal injury.<
460de123
If the battery is discharged, the engine
can be started with the use of two
jumper cables and the battery of another vehicle. Use only jumper cables
with fully insulated grips on the terminal
clamps.
Index
Do not use spray starter fluids.
Overview
157n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Tow fitting
The screw-in tow fitting is stored in the
onboard tool kit; be sure that it remains
in the vehicle at all times. This fitting is
designed for installation in the tow
sockets located at the front and rear of
the vehicle. It is intended for towing on
paved road surfaces only. This fitting
should not be used to pull a vehicle out
of deep snow, mud, sand, etc.
Always comply with all applicable towing laws and regulations.
Access to tow sockets
Front
Use a screwdriver in the upper section
of the recess to press the cover out.
Rear
Use a screwdriver in the upper section
of the recess to press the cover out.
380us124
460de064
the vehicle
460de063
158nTowing
Towing with a commercial tow
truck
> Do not tow with sling-type equipment.
> Use a wheel lift or flat bed carrier.
> Please comply with applicable towing
laws.
Screw the tow fittings in completely and tightly. If you do not,
the threads could be damaged.
Do not tow the vehicle by any components of the running gear, or lash them
Never allow passengers to ride in
down in any way. If you do so, the coma towed vehicle for any reason.
ponents could be damaged, leading to Never attach tie-down hooks, chains,
possible accidents.<
straps, or tow hooks to the tie rods,
control arms, or any other part of the
vehicle suspension. If you do so, severe
damage will occur to these components.c
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Index
Data
Technology Repairs
Car care
Controls
Overview
159n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
160n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Operation, care
and maintenance
Controls
Controls and features
Car care
Overview
Advanced technology
Technology Repairs
Owner service procedures
Data
Technical data
Index
Index
Adaptive Transmission Control
(ATC) 162
Airbags 163
Dynamic Stability Control
(DSC) 163
Radio reception 164
Safety belt tensioner 164
Interior rearview mirror
with automatic dimming
feature 165
Rain sensor 166
Tire Pressure Control (RDC) 167
Self-diagnostics 168
Xenon lamps 169
Overview
161n
TechnolOnline Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
460us173
162nATC*
In order to include driving conditions in
its calculations, ATC registers curves
and both uphill and downhill gradients.
For example, if you maintain speed
through a curve, the transmission does
not shift up. On uphill gradients, it shifts
up only when the engine speed increases in order to make more efficient
use of power reserves. On downhill
gradients, ATC shifts down when the
speed of the vehicle increases and the
driver must apply the brakes.
On vehicles with an automatic transmission, the ATC (Adaptive Transmission Control) uses a number of factors
to calculate the gear which provides the
maximum efficiency. In this process, it
considers your individual driving style
as well as current driving conditions.
ATC recognizes your personal driving
style from the positions and movements
of the accelerator pedal, deceleration
when braking, and lateral acceleration
through curves. Based on different shift
characteristics – from comfort-oriented
to performance-oriented – ATC will select the appropriate gear.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
In the event of a side collision, the Head
Protection and side airbags in the front
or rear* are triggered if necessary.
If differences in the wheel speeds occur,
the system counteracts the danger of
wheelspin by reducing engine torque.
If necessary, the system also responds
with additional application of the brakes
at the rear wheels.
The entire process is completed within
fractions of a second.
If the system detects an instability in the
vehicle's condition, the braking action
can also be directed to the front wheels
by the DSC in order to help stabilize the
vehicle.
You may need some time to become
accustomed to this system's intervention. However, it provides optimum
drive force and driving stability.
The braking intervention may be accompanied by sounds specific to the
system.
Controls
Because the inflation process must be
virtually instantaneous, it is necessarily
accompanied by a certain amount of
ignition and inflation noise. The gas
required to inflate the airbags is not
dangerous, and the smoke associated
with it dissipates.
Car care
Highly sensitive sensors monitor the
number of revolutions of the wheels.
When equipped with DSC, they also
monitor steering angle, lateral acceleration, brake pressure and the movement
of the vehicle around its vertical axis.
Technology Repairs
The airbags located under the marked
covers inflate and unfold in a matter of
a few milliseconds. In this process, they
tear through the designed separation
points of the upholstered covers or
press them out.
Overview
163n
Data
Deceleration sensors continuously
monitor the acceleration forces acting
upon the vehicle. If, as the result of a
frontal collision, a deceleration is
reached at which the protection of the
safety belts alone is no longer adequate, the gas generators of the driver
and passenger-front airbags are ignited.
However, the passenger-side airbag is
only triggered if an additional sensor
has recognized that the passenger seat
is occupied.
DSC
Index
390de319
Airbags
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
164nRadio
reception
Safety belt tensioner
AM radio provides reception across a
considerable distance because the
broadcast signals not only travel along
the ground as surface waves, but they
are also reflected from the ionosphere
as atmospheric waves.
Frequency-modulation (FM) provides
substantially better sound quality than
AM. However, because FM transmissions rely on line-of-sight broadcast
waves, their effective reception range is
limited.
The "Radio Data System" (RDS) makes
sure that, for broadcast stations sending on several frequencies, the radio
automatically tunes to the frequency
with the best reception quality.
The Diversity Antenna system employs
several FM antennas integrated within
the rear window to provide three separate sources for receiving broadcast
waves. An integral processor automatically selects the antenna with the best
FM reception quality at any given time.
The selection of the antenna takes
place within milliseconds, and is therefore not noticed by the radio listener.
390de330
360de084
The limitations inherent to radio reception in a moving vehicle have been minimized by a number of innovative system designs:
The safety belt tensioner responds to
severe collisions by tightening the belts
to ensure that occupants remain firmly
positioned in their seats. A gas-pressure
system retracts the buckle assembly
to tension the shoulder and lap belts
within fractions of a second. This reduces the tendency to slide under the
lap belt.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Overview
Controls
Car care
Technology Repairs
The interior rearview mirror with automatic dimming feature reduces blinding
from following traffic by adapting the
intensity of the reflected images to correspond to levels of light registered by
the unit's sensors. The mirror reverts to
its undimmed setting as soon as the
light source disappears. One lamp sensor is mounted on the front of the mirror
housing. This sensor, which is directed
forward, measures light intensity in the
area ahead of the vehicle. The second
sensor is integrated within the mirror's
glass. The electronic control system
compares the light intensity from front
and rear. The difference provides the
basic parameter used to modulate an
electrical current and induce chemical
changes in a semisolid layer incorporated in the lens.
As a result, it is no longer necessary to
dim the mirror manually, and the driver
can concentrate completely on traffic
conditions.
Data
390de113
The semisolid reacts chemically to this
electrical current, thus providing dimming of the mirror through an infinitelyvariable range (electrochromic technology).
165n
Index
Interior rearview mirror with automatic dimming feature *
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
166nRain
sensor*
390de133
When the system is set to the "Intermittent" wiper speed, the wipers react immediately – if water is splashed onto
the windshield by vehicles traveling
ahead of you, for example. As a result,
the rain sensor provides a contribution
to driving safety and comfort.
Depending on the degree of wetness
on the windshield, the rain sensor controls the operation of the windshield
wipers.
Infrared light is carried along the surface of the windshield in an optical conductor in such a manner that it is reflected completely when the windshield
is dry. The quantity of reflected light is
measured.
If there is moisture on the glass, the
amount of light reflected is reduced
since the infrared light at the surface of
the windshield can escape. The quantity of reflected light is thus a means of
gauging the degree of wetness on the
windshield.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Behind the valve stem in every wheel,
there is an electronic chip that is designed for severe-duty applications and
long service life. It contains a pressure
sensor, a transmitter and a battery. The
pressure is measured in extremely short
time intervals and then transmitted by a
radio signal. If an irregularity is detected,
the transmission rate is increased.
Overview
Controls
Car care
Technology Repairs
This system regularly checks tire pressure and monitors all four tires even
while driving, so you don't have to.
Data
460de169
Near every wheel is an antenna in the
body that receives the signal from the
wheel. A central electronics system
evaluates the quadruple signals and forwards any changes.
The RDC provides an important contribution to driving safety.
167n
Index
Tire Pressure Control (RDC)*
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
460de177
168nSelf-diagnostics
All of the important electrical and electronic systems in the vehicle are tested
regularly and automatically – the driver
does not have to perform any extra
operations or adjustments.
The indicator lamps also come on
briefly after the ignition has been turned
on.
While you are driving, the functional
status of the actuator motors (for the
windshield wipers, power windows,
seats, sunroof, etc.) is constantly analyzed by current measurements in their
relays.
In the same manner, the electrical resistance of the airbag ignition generators and all of the remaining airbag
components is measured at all times.
Any fault in this system would be detected immediately by a current fluctuation that would necessarily accompany
it. The fault would be indicated immediately by the airbag warning lamp.
Even after you shut off the engine, the
overall functional status of your vehicle
is monitored. For example, all of the
flaps of the heating and ventilation system travel to the nearest limit position.
This action ensures that the system will
be able to provide defrosting, regardless of other circumstances (if a malfunction in the heating or ventilation
system should occur during the night
while the vehicle is parked, for instance).
You will hear the sounds of the air flaps
as the heater/ventilation system carries
out its self-diagnostic functions after the
ignition is shut off. All of the other selfdiagnostics functions operate silently in
the background.
Any faults detected during these selfdiagnostics can be read out by your
BMW center during the next regularlyscheduled maintenance and corrected
with a minimum of time.
A calibration cycle runs every tenth time
the engine is shut off. During this cycle,
the actuator motors of all the heating
and ventilation flaps travel to their limit
stops in both directions. The limit positions and the return travel paths are
checked in this manner in order to ensure that appropriate adjustments for
the operating elements can be made at
any time.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Xenon lamps*
Controls
Car care
Technology Repairs
In a xenon lamp, an electric arc replaces
the filament in order to generate intense
illumination. A gas mixture in a quartz
glass tube with metal vapor is ignited by
a high electric voltage. The arc that is
generated is then sustained by a lower
voltage. When the lamp is turned on,
there is a brief warm-up period. Maximum brightness is attained in approx.
15 seconds.
Data
The xenon lamp provides forward illumination with significantly more brightness and uniformity than the traditional
halogen lamp.
Xenon lamps make a significant contribution to highway safety since other
highway users, bicyclists and motorcyclists in the right lane, and pedestrians
are more easily detected.
Index
390de134
Xenon lamps provide significantlyimproved visibility, especially during
adverse weather conditions and driving
situations, (driving at night in heavy rain
or through road repair areas where
there are no lane markers, for instance).
Overview
169n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
170n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Operation, care
and maintenance
Controls
Controls and features
Car care
Overview
Advanced technology
Technology Repairs
Owner service procedures
Data
Technical data
Index
Index
Engine data 172
Dimensions 173
Weights 174
Capacities 175
Electrical system 176
Ribbed V-belt 176
Overview
171n
Data
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
172nEngine
data
BMW 323i
BMW 328i
Displacement
Number of cylinders
cu.in. (cmm)
152.2 (2,494)
6
170.4 (2,793)
6
Max. output
at engine speed
hp (kW)
RPM
170 (127)
5,500
193 (144)
5,500
Maximum torque
at engine speed
lb.ft (Nm)
rpm
181 (245)
3,500
206 (280)
3,500
10.5
10.2
2.95 (75)
3.31 (84)
3.31 (84)
3.31 (84)
Compression ratio
Stroke
Bore
Fuel-injection system
in. (mm)
in. (mm)
Digital-electronic engine-management system
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
173n
Index
460us295
Data
Technology Repairs
Car care
Controls
Overview
Dimensions
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
174nWeights
BMW 323i
BMW 328i
Curb weight (with one person, ready for operation, full tank of fuel, options not included)
with manual transmission
lbs (kg)
3,153 (1,430)
3,197 (1,450)
with automatic transmission
lbs (kg)
3,213 (1,457)
3,256 (1,477)
Approved gross vehicle weight
with manual transmission
with automatic transmission
lbs (kg)
lbs (kg)
4,211 (1,910)
4,255 (1,930)
4,270 (1,937)
4,314 (1,957)
Approved front axle weight
lbs (kg)
1,962 (890)
1,973 (895)
Approved rear axle weight
lbs (kg)
2,348 (1,065)
2,370 (1,075)
Approved roof load capacity
lbs (kg)
165 (75)
Luggage compartment capacity
cu. ft. (liters) 14.5 (410)
165 (75)
14.5 (410)
Never exceed either the approved axle weights or the gross vehicle weight.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Capacities
approx. 16.6 (approx. 63)
approx. 2.1 (approx. 8)
Fuel specification: Page 26
Windshield washer system/
Headlamp washer system*
quarts (liters)
approx. 5.6 (approx. 5.3)
For details: Page 124
Cooling system including heater circuit
quarts (liters)
approx. 8.9 (approx. 8.4)
For details: Page 128
Engine oil and filter change
quarts (liters)
approx. 6.9 (approx. 6.5)
BMW High Performance
Synthetic Oil
For details: Page 126
–
Lifetime fluid, no fluid change
required.
Data
Index
Manual transmission, automatic transmission
and differential
Controls
gal. (liters)
gal. (liters)
Technology Repairs
Fuel tank
reserve
Car care
Notes
Overview
175n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
176nElectrical
system
Battery
12 V, 80 Ah
Spark plugs
NGK BKR 6 EQUP
Bosch FGR 7 DQP (not released at this
time)
Ribbed V-belt
Water pump – AC alternator – Power
steering
Ribbed V-belt 6 PK x 1538
A/C compressor
Ribbed V-belt 5 PK x 863
You can obtain Original BMW
Parts and Accessories, as well as
professional advice from your BMW
center.<
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Index
Data
Technology Repairs
Car care
Controls
Overview
177n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
178n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Operation, care
and maintenance
Controls
Controls and features
Car care
Overview
Owner service procedures 186
Owner service procedures
Advanced technology
Technology Repairs
Everything from A to Z 180
Overview
179n
Data
Technical data
Index
Index
Index
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Everything from A to Z
A
ABS (Antilock Brake
System) 22, 106
Accessories 6
Activated-charcoal
filter 90, 155
Adaptive Transmission
Control (ATC) 65, 162
Adding engine oil 125
Adding washer
fluid 124, 175
Adjusting the backrest 47
Adjusting the steering
wheel 51
Adjusting the thigh support
area 49
Air distribution 88
Air nozzles 86
Air outlets 86
ventilation 86
Air pressure 113
Air supply 89
Airbags 21, 56, 137, 163
Alarm system 42
Antenna 112
Antenna, Diversity 164
Antifreeze 128
radiator 110
Antilock Brake System
(ABS) 22, 106
Anti-theft alarm system 42
Aquaplaning 104, 113
Armrest 93
Ashtray 95
front 95
rear 96
ATC (Adaptive Transmission
Control) 65, 162
AUC (Automatic
recirculated-air
control) 89
Automatic car washes 132
Automatic climate
control 86
removing condensation
from the windows 89
Automatic cruise control 71
Automatic dimming, interior
rearview mirror 53
Automatic recirculated-air
control (AUC) 89
Automatic transmission with
Steptronic 22, 65
Automatic windshield
washer 69
Average consumption 77
Average speed 77
Axle loads 174
discharged 157
removal and
installation 153
Battery charge current 20
Battery Safety Terminal
(BST) 153
Belts 54
Blower 89
BMW High Performance
Synthetic Oils 126
BMW Sports Seat 49
Bore 172
Brake fluid 129
Brake hydraulic system 20
Brake lamps
bulb replacement 145
Brake pads 22
Brakes 108
malfunctions 109
Break-in procedure 104
Breaking in the vehicle 104
BST (Battery Safety
Terminal) 153
Bulb replacement 142
C
B
Backup lamps 64
bulb replacement 145
Battery 152, 176
capacity 176
charge 154
Capacities 175
Car Memory 53
Car radio 112
refer also to the separate
Owner's Manual
Car radio
reception 112, 164
Car vacuum cleaner,
connecting 96
Car wash 132
Care
exterior 133
interior 134
Care of upholstery 135
Care of wool velour 135
Cargo loading 99
Caring for the vehicle
finish 133
Catalytic converter 105
CBC (Cornering Brake
Control) 21, 107
Cellular phone 95, 112
refer also to the separate
Owner's Manual
Center (high-mount) brake
lamp 147
Center armrest 93
Central locking system 34
button 38
Changing a tire 149
Changing a wheel 149
Charge indicator lamp 20
Check Control 75
Child restraint
systems 55, 59
Child seat 59
Child-safety locks 56
Cigarette lighter 96
Everything from A-Z
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Everything from A to Z
Dash lighting 82
Dashboard 16
Data
dimensions 173
engine 172
weights 174
Daytime-driving lamp
switch 82
Defrost position 89
E
Electric power windows 44
Electrical accessories,
failure 154
Electrical system 176
Electronic vehicle
immobilizer 33
Elements of operation 16
F
Failure messages 75
Fault
ABS 107
Fault displays 75
Filler cap cover 26
Filling capacities 175
Filling the washer
reservoir 175
First aid 25
First-aid kit 25
Fittings, towing and
tow-starting 158
Overview
Controls
Car care
Flashlight 92
Flat tire 113, 149
Fog lamps 83
Folding rear backrest 97
Footbrake 108
Footwell lamps 83
bulb replacement 148
Front fog lamps 83
bulb replacement 145
Front seat-adjustment 47
Frost protection,
radiator 128
Fuel 26
fuel injection 172
Fuel consumption 77
Fuel consumption
display 74
Fuel filler door
releasing following an
electrical malfunction 156
Fuel gauge 74
Fuel quality 26
Fuel reserve indicator
lamp 74
Fuel tank capacity 175
Fuel tank gauge 74
Functional status 168
Fuses 154
Technology Repairs
Emergency operation,
doors 34
Energy Control 73
Engine
starting 61
Engine compartment 122
Engine coolant 128, 175
Engine data 172
Engine oil
capacity 175
consumption 125
pressure 20
quality 126
specifications 126
viscosity 126
Engine oil level 21, 22
check 125
Engine speed 172
Exterior mirrors 52
Data
D
Defroster, rear window 90
Defrosting the windows 89
Digital clock 75
Dimensions 173
Dipstick 125
Disc brakes 108
Displacement 172
Display lighting 82
Displays 18
Distance warning 78
Diversity Antenna 164
Divided rear backrest 97
Door key 32
Door locks, care 110
Doors
child-safety locks 56
emergency operation 34
unlocking and locking 34
Draft-free ventilation 90
Driving hints 104
Driving in winter 110
Driving lamps 82
Dynamic Stability Control
(DSC) 22, 79, 163
G
Gasoline 26
Gasoline gauge 74
Glove compartment 92
Index
Clock 75
refer also to the Radio
or Onboard Computer
Owner's Manual
Cockpit 16
Coin holder, cup holder 93
Combination switch 68
Compression 172
Computer 76
Configure settings 53
Consumption 77
Consumption display 74
Coolant 110, 128, 175
antifreeze 110
Coolant temperature
gauge 74
Cooling system 175
Cornering Brake Control
(CBC) 21, 107
Cruise control 71
Cruising range 77
Curb weight 174
181n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Everything from A to Z
Glove compartment lamp
bulb replacement 148
Gross vehicle weight 174
H
Handbrake 63
Handsfree system 95
Hazard warning flashers 25
Hazard warning triangle 25
Head restraint 48
Headlamp covers,
care 132, 143
Headlamp flasher 83
Headlamp washer
system 124, 175
Headlamp washers 70
Heated seats 91
Heavy loads 99
Height 173
HiFi system – harman
kardon 92
High beams 23, 68, 83
bulb replacement 143
Hood release 120
Horn 17
Hubcap 150
I
Ice warning 76
Icy roads 76
Identification, tires 116
Ignition key 32
Ignition lock 61
Indicator lamps 20
Inflated pressure 27, 113
Inflation pressure
monitoring 80, 167
INSPECTION 74
Installing a child restraint
system 60
Instrument cluster 18
Instrument lighting 82
Instrument panel 18
Interaxle tire rotation 115
Interface socket 96
for Onboard
Diagnostics 139
Interference
cellular phones 112
Interior lamps 36, 83
bulb replacement 147
remote control 36
Interior motion sensor 42
Interior rearview mirror 52
automatic dimming
feature 53, 165
Interlock 61
Intermittent wipe 68
J
Jack 149
Jump-starting 157
K
Key Memory 53
Keys 32
with remote control 32
L
LAMPS ON warning 82
Lashing eyes 99
Leather care 136
Length 173
License plate lamp
bulb replacement 147
Light switch 82
Light-alloy wheels 118
Lighter 96
Load-securing devices 99
Louvers 86
Low beam headlamps 82
Low beams
bulb replacement 143
Lug bolts 150
Lug wrench 149
Luggage compartment 41
capacity 174
floor mat 41
floor panel 41
remote control 37
Luggage compartment
lamps
bulb replacement 148
Luggage compartment
lid 39
emergency release 39
securing separately 39
Luggage compartment
lighting 39
Luggage rack 100
Lumbar support 49
M
M+S tires 117
Maintenance 74, 131
Malfunction displays 75
Manual transmission 64
Manually controlled
recirculated-air 89
Memory 50
MFL (Multifunction steering
wheel) 24
Microfilter 90, 155
Mirror memory 50
Mirrors 52
Mobile phones 112
Modifications,
technical 6, 138
Multifunction steering wheel
(MFL) 24
N
Neckrest 48
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Everything from A to Z
P
Paint blemishes 133
Paint, care 133
Paintwork, minor
repairs 134
R
Radiator 175
Radio
refer to the separate
Owner's Manual
Radio Data System
(RDS) 164
Radio reception 112, 164
Rain sensor 69, 166
RDC (Tire Pressure
Control) 80, 167
RDS (Radio Data
System) 164
S
Safety belt tensioner 164
Safety belts 54
height adjustment 54
Safety feature 44
Safety lock buttons 38
Seat
mechanical 47
power 49
Seat adjustment 47
Overview
Controls
Seat heating 91
Seat memory 50
Securing cargo 99
Securing loads 99
Selector lever, automatic
transmission 65
Self-defrosting mirrors 52
Self-diagnostics 168
Service and Warranty
Information Booklet 131
Service Interval
Display 74, 131
Shiftlock 65
Side airbags 56
Side impact Head Protection
System 56
Side lamps 82
bulb replacement 144
Ski bag 98
Skid control 111
Sliding/Tilt sunroof 45
closing following an
electrical malfunction 156
convenience operation 34
Slippery roads 110
Snow chains 110, 118
Space-saver spare tire 149
Spare key 32
Spare tire 149
Spare wheel 149
Spark plugs 176
Speaker 95
Speed control 71
Car care
Reading lamps 84
Rear backrest, folding 97
Rear lamps 145
Rear window
defroster 70, 90
Rearview mirror 52
Reclining seat 47
Refueling 26
Remote control 35
Removing condensation,
windows 89
Replacement key 32
Reporting safety defects 7
Restraint system 59
Reverse 17, 64
Roller blind, sun
protection 91
Roller sun blind 91
Roof load capacity 174
Roof-mounted luggage
rack 100
Rubber parts 110
Technology Repairs
Paintwork, waxing 134
Park Distance Control
(PDC) 78
Parking brake 63
Parking help 78
Parking lamps 83
Parking, winter 111
PDC (Park Distance
Control) 78
Performance 172
Pocket flashlight 92
Pollen 90
Power seat 49
Power steering 111
Power windows 44
safety switch 45
Pressure monitoring,
tires 80, 167
Pressure, tires 27, 113
Data
OBD interface socket 139
Obstruction protection 44
Odometer 73
Oil
capacity 175
consumption 125
dipstick 125
quality 126
specifications 126
viscosity 126
Oil additives 125
Oil change intervals, see the
Service and Warranty
Information Booklet
Oil filter change 175
Oil level
check 125
indicator lamp 20
Oil pressure, indicator
lamp 20
OILSERVICE 74
Onboard computer 76
Onboard tool kit 142
Outside temperature
display 76
Index
O
183n
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Everything from A to Z
Speed display 18
Speedometer 18
Sports Seat 49
Starting 61
Starting assistance 157
Starting problems 105, 157
Starting the engine 61
Steel wheels 118
Steering 111
Steering wheel lock 61
Steptronic 65
Stopping the vehicle 62
Storage compartments 93
Storing the vehicle 137
Stroke 172
Summer tires 116
Sun visors 52
Switching off the engine 62
Symbols 4, 153
Synthetic oils 126
T
Tachometer 73
Tail lamp assembly
bulb replacement 145
Tail lamps 145
Tank capacity 175
Technical data 172
Technical
modifications 6, 138
Telephone
refer to the separate
Owner's Manual
Telephone hookup 95
Temperature adjustment 88
Temperature display
outside temperature 76
Temperature gauge
engine coolant 74
Temperature layering 90
Third brake lamp 147
Through-loading system 97
Tilt alarm 36, 43
remote control 36
Tire codes 116
Tire damage 113
Tire inflation
pressure 27, 113
Tire pressure
checking 27
Tire Pressure Control
(RDC) 80, 167
Tire pressure
monitoring 80, 167
Tire replacement 114, 115
Tire specifications 118
Tire tread 113
Tools 142
Torque 172
Tow fittings 158
Tow starting 158
Towing 158
Track 173
Traction Control System
refer to DSC 79
Transmission 64
Tread depth, tires 113
Trip odometer 73
Trunk 39
Trunk lid, refer to luggage
compartment lid 39
Turn signal
indicator 23, 68, 144
bulb replacement 144
Turning radius 173
Two-way radios 112
U
Used batteries 154
V
Vacuum cleaner,
connecting 96
Vanity mirror 52
bulb replacement 148
Vehicle battery 152, 176
Vehicle care
exterior 133
interior 134
Vehicle identification 130
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) 130
Vehicle immobilizer 33
Vehicle painting 133
Vehicle storage 137
Vehicle weight 174
Ventilation 86
draft-free 90
Vinyl care 135
W
Warning lamp "Please fasten
safety belts" 21
Warning lamps 20
Warning messages 75
Warranty and Service Guide
Booklet 131
Washer reservoir, filling 124
Washing your car 132
Water on roadways
deep water 104
Waxing, paintwork 134
Weights 174
Wheel rims 116
Wheelbase 173
Wheels and tires 116, 118
Width 173
Windows, convenience
operation 34
Windshield washer nozzle
adjustment 124
Windshield washer reservoir,
filling 124, 175
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Overview
Controls
Car care
Xenon lamps 143, 169
Technology Repairs
X
Data
Windshield wiper 68
Windshield wiper blade
replacement 142
Winter operation 110
Winter tires 116, 117
Wiper blade
replacement 142
Wiper system 68
Work in the engine
compartment 120
185n
Index
Everything from A to Z
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Owner service procedures
A
E
H
M
Activated-charcoal filter,
changing 155
Adding brake fluid 129
Adding engine coolant 128
Adding engine oil 125
Electrical accessories,
failure 154
Electrical malfunction
fuel filler door 156
sliding/tilt sunroof 156
Emergency operation
doors 34
fuel filler door 156
sliding/tilt sunroof 156
Engine oil
add 125
quality 126
specifications 126
viscosity 126
Hazard warning flashers 25
Hazard warning triangle 25
Headlamp cover, care 143
High beams
bulb replacement 143
Maintenance 131
Malfunction displays 75
Microfilter, changing 155
B
Backup lamps
bulb replacement 145
Battery
add distilled water 153
charging 154
Brake lamps
bulb replacement 145
Brakes, brake faults 109
F
C
Changing a tire 149
Changing a wheel 149
Check Control 75
Checking air pressure 27
Checking engine oil
level 125
Checking oil level 125
D
Defrosting the windows 89
Difficult steering 111
Doors, emergency
operation 34
Failure messages 75
Fault displays 75
First aid 25
First-aid kit 25
Fittings, towing and
tow-starting 158
Flat tire 149
Footwell lamps
bulb replacement 148
Front fog lamps
bulb replacement 145
Fuses, replacing 154
G
I
Indicator lamps 20
Inflated pressure 27, 113
Interior lamps
bulb replacement 147
Interior motion sensor,
switching off 43
J
Jack 149
L
License plate lamp
bulb replacement 147
Low beams
bulb replacement 143
Lug wrench 149
Luggage compartment
lamps
bulb replacement 148
Luggage compartment lid,
emergency release 39
O
Oil
quality 126
specifications 126
viscosity 126
Onboard tool kit 142
P
Pressure, tires 27
R
Rear lamps 145
Releasing the fuel filler door
following an electrical
malfunction 156
Releasing the hood 120
Removing condensation
from the windows 89
Replacement key 32
Replacing bulbs 142
Replacing lamp bulbs 142
Replacing windshield wiper
blades 142
Replacing wiper blades 142
Return used batteries 154
Glove compartment lamp
bulb replacement 148
Owner service procedures
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
S
V
Side lamps
bulb replacement 144
Sliding/Tilt sunroof, closing
following an electrical
malfunction 156
Space-saver spare tire 149
Spare key 32
Spare wheel 149
Starting problems 105
Vanity mirror
bulb replacement 148
U
Controls
Car care
Warning lamps 20
Warning messages 75
Washer fluid, adding 124
Washer nozzles,
adjusting 124
Washer reservoir, filling 124
Windshield washer,
filling 124
Working in the engine
compartment 120
Technology Repairs
Tail lamp assembly
bulb replacement 145
Tail lamps
bulb replacement 145
Tilt alarm, switching off 43
Tire damage 113
Tools 142
Tow fittings 158
Tow starting 158
Towing 158
Trunk, emergency
release 39
Turn signal indicator
bulb replacement 144
W
Data
T
187n
Overview
Owner service procedures
Index
Use of antifreeze,
radiator 128
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Refueling
So that you will have important specifications available when you stop to
refuel, we recommend that you supplement this table with data that apply to
your vehicle.
Fuel
Designation
AKI: minimum
AKI: for rated performance
AKI: for enhanced performance
Engine oil
Quality
The space between the two marks on
the dipstick corresponds to approx.
1.1 US quarts (1 liter).
Tire inflation pressure
Summer
Front
Rear
Winter
Front
Rear
4 persons
5 persons or 4 plus luggage
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
01 41 0 155 024 US-En
We wish you an enjoyable
driving experience.
The Ultimate Driving Machine
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG