Buick 1993 Roadmaster Service manual

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Litho in U.S.A.
Part No; 25603823 B First Edition
@CopyrightGeneral Motors Corporation 1992'
All Rights' Reserved
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Motor Trend magazine namedthe 1962 Buick Special.
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I962 BuickSpecial
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Built insidethe walls ofthe old buildings in Buick's
of
former Flint complex, which formed the cornerstone'
General Motors, Buick City
is a state-of-the-art
200 robots and other
assembly facility with more than
high-tech equipment.It was completed in thefall
of 1985.
Buicks are, and will continue to be, premium American
motorcars with smooth power, high performance, rich
detail and comfortable accommodation.
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Our mission is simple:
"Buick will provide Premium American Motorcars
backed with services that exceed opr customers'
expectations, throughout the purchase, ownership,
service and repurchase experience."
Buicks are SUBSTANTIAL.
Buicks are DISTINCTIVE.
Buicks are POWERFUL.
Buicks are MATURE.
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I923'BuickSport Roadster
..help.you learn. about,the€eatures and controlsfor
In this manual, you’ll find that pictures
and words work together to explain
thinp quickly.
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? your vehicle.
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Safety Warnings and Symbols
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-You will find a number
of safety cautions in this
book.
We use yellow and the word
CAUTION to tell you
.about things that could hurt you
if you,w-eeto ignore
the warninq.
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Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also, in this book
you willfind these blue notices:
In the blue notice area, we tell you about something that
can damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage
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would not be covered by your warranty, and it could be
the same colors, and the
words,CAUTIONor NOTICE.
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.Vehicle Symbols
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mcese are some. . o. f the,symbolsyou will find on your vehicle.
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These symbols
are used on
,warning and
indicator lights:
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For example,
these
symbols
are used on an
original battery:
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CAUTION
POSSIBLE: .'
INJURY
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PR~TECT
EYES BY
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These symbols
are important
for you.and.
your passengers
whenever your
vehicle-is.
driven: . .,
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DOOR
LOCK,'
UNLOCK
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These symbols,
have to'do with
your lights:
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'"8
WlNDOW
SPARKS
AVOID
OR
FLAMES
COULD
EXPLODE
BATTERY
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'SWITCH
c,
WIN'DSHIELD.
WIPER a
WASHER
-8%.
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RADIO.
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MASTER
'LIGHTING
FUSE
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SEAT,
BELTS
POWER
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WINDSHIELDQ
WASHER
SHIELDING
CAUSTIC
BATTERY
ACID COULD
CAUSE
BURNS
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T.hesesymbols
are on some bf
your controls.:
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Bere are some
other symbols
,you may see:
pf
PARKING
LIGHTS
HAZARD
WARNING
FLASHER
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WlNDSHlELD(fji)
DEFROSTER
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:A
RADIATOR
COOLANT
FUEL
WINDOW
DEFOGGER
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
=o
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'IGHTS
BEAM
OR
HIGH
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HEADLAMP
WASHER
WIPER
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TEMP
Oli
ANTILOCK.
BRAKE
CONDITIONING
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TRUNK
HATCHBACK RELEASE
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LIGHTER
4%
(a) b
SPEAKER
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S . h g in a - lec osi .m.whenyour ve cle
is in motion can be dangerous. Evenif you
buckle up, your safety belts can’t do their job
TCAUTION: (Conti.nued)
‘The shoulder belt can’t do its job because it
won’t be againstyour body. Instead, it will be in
front of you. In a crash you couldgo into it,
receiving neck or other inju,ries.
The lap belt can’t do its job eithel ‘I a crash t’belt could go up
over your abdomen. The belt
forces.wouId be there, not at your pelvic bones,
This couldcause serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is i
motion, havethe seatback upright. Thensit well
back in the seatand wear your safety belt
CAUTION: (Continued)
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Head Restraints
Wagon Folding Seatbacks
Second Seatback Operation
Slide the head restraintup or down so that the top.of the
restraint is closest to the top of your ears.
The second seatback release: button
is located next to the
of.the vehicle.
seatback on the passenger side
This position reduces the chance
of a neck injury in a
crash.
To lower the seat, push this button and
pull the seatback
forward and down.
On some models, the head restraints tilt forward 'and
rearward also.
To raise the seat,lift the
storage compartment lid
and fold it back.
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Push the seatback fully down to lock it. Then pull the
filler panel into place.
To raise the seat, push down on the edge
of the seatback
and lift the edgeof the filler panel.Lift the seatback
on the.
until it locks.in the up position. Push and pull
seatback to make sure it's locked into place.
Third Seatback Operation
The third seat is folded flat
in the tailgate areaof your
station wagon.
Pull up on the seat release
handle. Thehan$l&is
located the lower right
comer.of ,.the storage
compartment.
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,ACAUTION:
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Don't let anyone'ridewhere theyc
safety belt properly. If you are in a
you're not wearing a safety belt, your injuries
can bemuch'worse. You can-hit things inside
the vehicle or be ejectedfrom it. You can bc
seriously injured or killed. In the same crash,
you mightnot be if you are buckled up. Always
fasten your safety belt,and check thatyour
passengers' belts are fastenedproperly too:
After 25 years of safety belts in vehicles, the facts :aie
clear. In most crashes buckling up does matter ... a lot!
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Why,Safety Belts Work
When you ridein or on anything,'you go as fast as it
goes.
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When the bike hitsthe block, it stops. But thechild
keeps going!
For example, if the bikeis going 10.mph (16 km/h), so
is the child.
Take the simplest“car.” Suppose it’s Just a seat on
wheels.
Put someoneon it.
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or the instrument-panel ...
or the safety belts!
With safetybelts, you'slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop.
You stop overmore distance,
why
and your strongest bones take the forces. That's
safety belts make suchgood sense.
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Here Are Questions Many People Ask
About Safety Belts- and the
Answers
Safety Belt Reminder Light
How To Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This sectionis only for people of adult size.
When,the .key is turned to “Run” or “Start,” a light will
to remind peopleto
come on for.about eight secondsfasten their safety belts. Unles’sthe,driver’s safety beltis
buckled, a tonewill also sound.
There are special thingsto know about safety
belts and children. And there are different rules
for babies and smaller children.If a child will be
riding in your Buiek, see the section after this
one, called ”Children.”Follow those rules for
everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll wantto h a w which restraint systemsyour
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
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The driver has a lap-shoulderbelt. Here's how tu wear it
properly.
1. Close arrd lock the door.
2. ,Adjustthe seat (to. see how, .see "Seats'' in ,theIndex)
so you.'can sit up straight.
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3. Pick up the latch plate andpull the belt across you.
Don’t letit get twisted.
If the ,belt,stops before it .reaches the buckle, the
tilt.
latch plateand keep pulling-untilyou can buckle the
4. Push the latch plate into .the buckle until
it clicks.
belt.
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If the belt isn’tlong ,enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the endof this .section.
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What’s wrong with this?
A CA
ITION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is too loose. I n a crash you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
sh llder f--It s’ luld fit agains
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The shoulder belt-istoo loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protectionthis way.
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You can be seriously injuredif your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this.In a crasl
the belt wouldgo up over your abdomen:T'
belt forceswould be there, not at the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries. Alw IS buc . .
r beltintothebuckle
nearest you,
The belt is buckled in the wrong place:
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What-’s.wrong with this?
A CAUTION:
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You can be seriously injuredif you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which woul
increase the chance of head andneck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to
the
ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder bones.
YOU could also severely i
lik- -!our liver or spleen.
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The shoulder beltis worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulderat all times.
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Q.‘ What’s wrong with-this?
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CAUTION:
You can be seriously injuredby a twisted belt.
In a crash, you wouldn’t have the full widthc
the beltto take impact forces.If a belt is twisted,
make it straight so it can work proper1 or ask
your dealer tofix it.
A.: The belt is twisted ~ C T O S Sthe .body.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
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Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
System (Air Bag)
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This section .explains
the driver’s Supplemental
Inflatable Restraint(SIR) system, commonly referredto
to
as an air bag. Hereare the most important things
know:
A CAUTION:
Before you, close
the door, be surethe belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door onit, you can damage both
the belt and your vehicle.
Even with an air bag, if you’re not wearing a
safety belt and you’re in a crash, your injuries
may be much worse. Air bags are not designed
to inflate in rollovers orin rear, side or
low-speed frontal crashes. You need to wear
your safety belt to reduce the chance of hitting
things insidethe vehicle or being ejected from
it. Alwavs wear vaur safety belt, evenwith an air
bag.
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A CAUTION:
Air bags inflate with great force, fasterthan the
blink of an eye. If you’re too clo~se to
an inflating
air bag, it could seriously injureyou. §afety
belts help keep you in position foran air bag
inflation in a crash.Always wear your safety
belt, evenwith an air bag, and sit as farback as
you’cat rhile stil- laintaining cc -rol of your
vehicle
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B; - System Light
There isan air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows”INFL REST”. The systemchecks
igdf..ad.fie. light tells you if there is a.problem,.
You will see this light flash
for a few seconds when you
turn your ignition to“Run”
or “Start.”Then the light
should g.6 out, which means
the systemis ready.
How The Air Bag System Works
When is an air bag expected to inflate?
The air bag is designed to inflatemoderate to severe
will only
frontal or near-fontal crashes. The air bag
inflate if the velocity ofthe impactis above the designed
threshold level. When impacting straight into
a wall that
does not’moveor deform, the threshold level for most
GM vehicles is between9 and 14 mph. However, this
on the vehicle designand
velocity threshold depends
may be several miles-per-hour faster or slower.
In
addition, this threshold velocity
will be considerably
higher if the vehicle strikes an object such as a parked
car which will move anddefonn on impact. The air bag
is also not designed to inflate in rollovers, side impacts,
or rear impacts where the inflation would provide no
occupant protection benefit.
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Where is the air bag?
The driver’s air bag in
is the middleof the steering
wheel.
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In any particular crash, the determination
of-whetherthe
air bag should have inflated cannot be based solely on
the levelof damage on the vehicle(s). Inflationi,s
determined by the angleof the impact and the vehicle’s
deceleration, of which vehicle damageis only one
indication. Repair costis not a good indicatorof
whether an air bag should have deployed.
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What will you see after an -air
bag inflation?
A CAUTION:
Servicing Your Buick with the Air Bag
System
Please tell or remind anyone
who works on your Buick
of the air
that it hasthe air bag system. There are parts
bag system in several places around your vehicle.
You
don't want the system to inflate while someone is
working on your vehicle.
The air bag system does not
need regular maintenance.Your Buick dealer and the
1993 Roadmaster Service Manual have information
or disposal.
about the air bag system, including repair
A CAUTION:
For up to2 minutes after the ignition key
is
turned off and the battery disconnected,'anair
bag can still inflate during improper service.
You can be injured if you are close to an air bag
when it inflates. Be sure tofollow the proper
service procedures.
When electricai worki s done underthe hood or inside
should be in "Lock" if
your vehicle, the ignition
possible.
Avoid wires wrapped with yellow tape, or yellow
of the airbag
connectors. They are probably part
Bystem.
But if the ignition has .to be on for electrical or
work,
if
the steering column is
to be disassembled, the air bag
s-ystem must be disconnected. To do this:
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Turn off theignition.
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Remove the SIR (air bag) fuse (see"Fuses and
Circuit Breakers" in the Index).
a Disconnect the yellow-connector
at the base of the
.
steering
column.
when the workis complete, if the airbag system was
to reattach everything and replace
disconnected, be sure
turn
:,the fuse before turning' the ignition on. you
When
the ignition key on,be. sure you see the inflatable
'restraint light on the instrument panel.If you don't see
this light flash and thengo out as usual, have your air
bag system repaired.
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Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety beltswork for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, theyare more likely to be
seriously injuredif they don't wear safety belts.
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A pregnant woman should wear
a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn
as low .as possible
throughout the pregnancy.
The bestway to protect thefetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety beltis wornproperly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t hurt
be in a crash. For
pregnant women,as for anyone,tliekey to makihg
safety belts effective’
is wearing them properly.
Ce,nter .Passenger Position And Any
Station Wagon Third Seat Passenger
Position
Right Front Passenger Position
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The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt. See “Driver Position,”
ealier in thispart.
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When you .sit ina center seating position,or in a station
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough,
wagon third seat, you have a lap safety belt, .which has part
no retractor. To make the belt longer, tilt the latch plate see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end
of this section..
and pull-it along the belt.
button on the buckle faces upward
Make sure the release
To,makethe belt shorter, pull its
free end as‘shown until
the beltis snug;
or outward so you would be able to unbuckleit quickly
if you ever had to.
Rear Seat Passengers
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up!
Accident statistics show that unbelted peopletheinrear
seat are hurt more-0ften’incrashes than thosewho are
wearing safety belts.
The positions next to
the windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to wear one properly.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can
be thrown
strike others
out of the vehiclein a crash. And they can
in the vehicle whoare wearing safetybelts.
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positio.ns
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1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt a.crass you.
Don’t letit get twisted.
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Push the latch plate into
the bucklo until it clicks.
If the belt is not long enough, see "Safety Belt
Extender" atthe end of this section. Make sure-tbe
reieasc;.but=tun
on the buckle aces upwardor . . .
outwadso you would be a b k to unbuckle:%iqUickly
if you ever h.ad to.
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3. To make the lap part tight, pull down
on the buckle
endofthebelt .as you pull upon theshoulderpart.
The lap partof the belt shouldbe worn low and snug. on
In a crash, this.applies
the hips, jugt touching the thighs.
force ta thestrong p.elvic bones. And you'd be less
If yo-u slid. underit, the
likely to slide under the lap belt.
bekwould apply force at your
ab.dQ.men.This could
cause serious..or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt
acres the chest. These
should go over the shoulder and
parts of the body arebest able to take belbrestraining
faxes.
The safety beltlacks if there's a sudde-n stopor a crash,
or if you p-ullit very quickly out of the retractor.
Children
e in a vehicle needs protection! That includes
size. In fact,
all children smalle? than adult
the lawin every state and Canadian province says
children up to someage must be restrained whilein a
To unlatch thebelt, just push the -button o;n%he
buGI.de.
Smaller Children and Babies
A CAUTION:
Never hold a baby in your arm3 flhile riding in a
vehicle. A baby doesn't weigh much
- until a
crash. Duringa crash a baby will become so
heavy you can't hold it. For example, in a crai
at only 25 mph (40 km/h), a 12-pound (5.5 kg)
baby will suddenly become a 240-pound (110 kg
force on your arms. le baby would be almost
impossible to hold.
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A CAUTION:
Child Restraints
Be sure toinstructions
follow
restraint.
the
thefor
You
may find these instructions
on the restraint itself or ain
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt-system in
also has to be secured within
y-ourvehicle, but the child
of personal inj-ury.
the restraint to help reduce the chance
The instructions that come with the infant -or child
restraint will showyou how to do that.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer
if they
are restrahd. in the rear rather than the front seat.
We'at
you put your
Geneml Motors therefore recommend thatchild restraintin the rear seatunless.the childis .an
infant andyou're the only adultin the vehicle.In thatcase, you might want to secure the restzaint in the
front,
seat where you can keep an
eye on the baby.
Wherever JTOU install it, be sureto secure the child
restraint properly.
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Top Strap
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If your child restraint has
a top strap, it should be
anchored.
If you need to have an anchor installed, you can
ask
your Buick dealer to put in
it for you:If you want to
your dealer can tellyou how
install an anchor yourself,
to do it.
If you want to use a:-child restraint with
a top strapin the
a
second seatof a station wagon, have your dealer install
combination anchor-tether beltto which the top strap
can be hooked.
Sedans first sold in Canada have child restraint anchor
bracket .hardwarein the glow box, alongwith
instructions for installing it.
This should bewed only
only to secure a child restraint
with a child restraint, and
at :ar,ear. seating position. .Additional anchor brackets
.fox
child restraints at the rear seating positions
are available
at Buick dealerships in Canada.
Station wagons. first sold
in ,Canada already have
a
combination anchor-tether belt installed for
each
position on the second seat. These belts are attached to
the anchors for the third seat safety belts. The child
restraint top strap should .be hookedone
to of these
combination anchor-tether belts.
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside. Position
-You'll be using the lap-shoulder belt.See the earlier
one.
section abouttlxe top strap if the child restraint has
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3. Pull out the vehicle’s safety belt-andrun the lap part
through or around the restraint.The child restraint
instructions will show you how.
See if the shoulder belt would
go in frontof the
child’s face or neck. If so,.put,itbehind the child
5. Then thread both the lap and-shoulder beltportions
. through the locking clip.
A CAUTION:
restraint.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button faces
it
upward or outward, so you’ll be able to unbuckle
quickly.if you everneed to.
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If a lockingclip is not usedor is not installed
properly, thechild restraint may move or tip
over when your vehicle turns or
stops quickly.
.‘he child or others could be injured. When you
a lap-shoulder belt.
secure a child restraint with
always thread both thelap and shoulder bc
oortions throuah a lockina clin.
When not used witha child restraint seat,a
safety belt with a child restraint locking clip still
attachedcancauseseriousinjury
in a crash.
Always remove theclip when VQU are nnt using
it with a child restraint.
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Securing a Chi1,dRestraint in a Center
Seat .Position . '.
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6. Push andpull the child restfaintin different
directions to b.e sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint,
just unbuckle the vehicle's
safety belt and remove
the-lockingclip. Let the safety
belt go back all theway. The d e t y belt will move
to work for an adultor larger
freely again and be ready
child passenger.
When you secure a child restraint ina center seating
position, you'll be using the
lap belt.
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See th-e earlier sectionabout the top strap if the child
restraint has one.
1. Make the belt-aslong as possible by tilting the latch
plate and pulling.
it along the belt.
2. Put the restrainton the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
3. Secure the childin the child restraint as the
instructions say.
4. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the
restraint. Thk ehild restraint instructions willshow
you how.
5. Buckle the belt. Make suretherelease button faces
it
upward or outward,so you’ll be able. to unbuckle
quickly ifyou ever need to.
6. To tighten the belt, pull its free end while
you push
down on the child restraint.
7 . Push and pull the child restraint in different
2. Secure the child in the child restraintas the
directions to be sure
it is secure, If the child restraint
instructions say.
isn’t secure, turn the latch plate over and buckle it 3. PuIl out the vehicle’s safety belt and run the lap part
again. Then seeif it is secure.If it isn’t, secure the
through or around the restraint. The child restraint
restraint ina different place in the vehicle and
instructions willshow you how. Tilt the latch
plate-to
contact the child restraint maker for their advice.
adjust the belt
if needed.
To remove the child restraint,
just unbuckle the vehicle’s
See if the shoulder beltwould go in front of tke
safety belt.It will be ,readyto work for an adult or larger
child’s face or neck.If so, put it behind the child
child passenger.
restraint.
Securing a 3hild Restraint in the Right
Front Seat
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You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt.
See the earlier
if the child restraint has one.
section about the top strap
1. Put the restraint on the seat. Followthe instructions
for the child restraint.
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4. Buckle the belt.
Make sure the release button
faces upward or
outward, so you’ll beable to unbuckle it quickly if
you ever need to.
5. To tighten the belt, pull
up on the.shoulder belt while
you push down on the child restraint.
6. Push and pull the child restraintin different
directions tobe-sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint,
just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let go
it back all theway.
The safety belt will move-freelyagain and be ready to
work for an adultor larger child passenger.
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Larger Children
Accident statisticsshow that childrenare safer if they
are restrained inthe rear seat.But they need to use the
safety belts. properly.
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Children who aren’t buckled up canbe thrown out in
a crash.
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Children who aren’t buckled up can strike ather
people who are.
Children who have outgrown child restraints should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts..
If you have the choice,a child shouldsit next toa
window so the child can wear
-alap-shoulder beltand
get the additional restraint
a shoulder belt can provide.
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Here two children are wearing the same
bell
The belt can’t properlyspread the impact
forces. In a crash, the twochildren can be
crushed together and seriously injured.A belt
must be usedby only one personat a time.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portionof the belt
should beworn low and snug on the hips,
just touching
the child's thighs. This applies belt forcethe
tochild's
pelvic bones in a crash.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle's safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
But if a safety beltisn't long enough tofasten, your
dealer will order you an extender.
It's free. Whenyou go
in to orderit, take the heaviest coat
you will wear,so the
extender will be long enough you.
for The extender will
be just for you, andjust for the seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don't let someone
else use it,and use it
only for the seat it is made
to fit. To wear it,just attach it
to the regular safety belt.
-
Here a child is sitting in a seatthat has
lap-shoulder belt,but the shoulder pari
behind the child. If the child wearsthe belt in
this way, in a crash the child might slide under
the belt. The belt's forceW O U ' ~then be applied
right on the child's abdomhat crtlld ca1-c
I
57
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure all your belts, buckles, latch
plates, retractors, anchorages and reminder systems
are
working properly.Look for anyloose parts or damage.
If you sei anything that might keep
a restraint system
from doing itsjob, have it repaired.
Replacing Safety BeltsAfter a Crash
If you've had a crash,do you need new belts?
After a very minorcollision,'nothingmay be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched,as they would be if worn
you need newbelts.
during a more severe crash, then
If you ever see a labelon the driver's-orthe right-front
passenger's safety belt that says
to replace the belt, be
you in
sure to doso. Then it will be there to help protect
an accident.You would see this 1abel.on the belt near
the
door opening.
58
If belts are cut. or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage'alsomay mean' you.wil1 have to have safety belt
parts, like the retractor, -replacedor anchorage,1ocatia-s
at the time
repaired -even if the belt wasn't being used
of the collision.
@
What's wrong with this?
A LAUTION
Torn or frayed belts miry not protectyou in a
crash. They can
rip apart under impact
forc@sJRgd
a belt is torn or '-dyed, get a new one right
Lrn. ,
A:
The belt is torn.
59
r
I-
1931 Buick Model 90
60
Part 2
Feat.ures and Controls
.
n
Here you can learnabout the manystandard and optional featureson your Buick, and infom.ationon starting. shifting
and braking. Also explainedare the instrument panel andthe warning systems that tellyou if everything is working
and what to do if you have
a problem .
properly .
Part 2 includes:
Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
63
DoorLock .......................................................................
NewVehicleBreak-In
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
75
Starting the Engine .................................................................
78,82
Shifting the Transmission ..........................................................
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
87
88
TiltSteeringWheel ................................................................
Multi-IFunctionLever ...............................................................
88
TurnandLaneChangeSignals ...................................................
89
HeadlightHigh-LowBeamChanger ..............................................
90
Windshield WiperWasher .......................................................
91
CruiseControl ..................................................................
94
Instrument Panel ...................................................................
113
114
Speedometer and Odometer .....................................................
Warning Lights and Gages ......................................................
114
61
.
b\
GAUTION:
Leaving young childrenin a v e h l t : w i hLIIC
ignition keyis dangerous for many reasons.
A child or others could be badP ‘njured or
even killed.
They could operate power windows
or other
controls or even make the vehicle move. Don’t
leave the keysin a vehicle with young
childr
The door keys are for the
doors and all other locks.
When a new Roadmasteris delivered, the dealer
removes the plugs from the keys, and gives them to the
first owner.
or a
Each plughas a code onit that tells your dealer
qualified locksmith how
to make exBa keys. Keep ‘the
plugs ina safe place. If y.ou lose your keys, you’llbe
able to have newones made easily using these plugs.
Door Locks
I
A CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerou,.
P.assengers- especially children - can easily
open thedoors and fall out. When a.door is
locked, the inside handle won’t open it.
.,
Outsiders can easily enterthrough an uniockc
door
when you slow down or stop your vehicle.
,
?his may not be so obvious: You increase the
chance ofbeing thrown outof thevehicle in a
crash if the doors aren’t locked.Wear safetl
belts properly, lock your doors, and you wi’llbe
far betteroff whenever you driveyour vehicle.
,
When the trunk security switch is turned
OFF, the trunk.
can only be opened with the keythe
orRemote Keyless
Entry System.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving.the vehicle, open your-door and
set
the locks from inside. Then get out and close
the door.
I
Automatic Pull-Down Feature (Option)
Remote Trunk Release
If you have thisfeature, it pulls the trunk. lid closed. This
allows youto gently pushthe trunk lid down -and the
pull-down feature then securesit completely.
The security switchin the
glove box must be“ON”
for the “TRUNK’ release
button.-.to. work.
.-
I
,
.
.
.
,2:
,
,
. ,: .
.
.’
.,,::
.. ,... e.?:.. .
... . I .
- ,
. .,:;:-,
I
’
.
,..
..
I
’
, ,
.,
.
I
. ,
,
- ,:;.:”-,
.
%
The “TRUNK” button is
to the left of-thesre.e&g
column..Push it to o.pkn
the trunk from inside.your
car.
_ .
8,.
.
Your car may have an automatic pull-down
feature that helps close the trunk electronically.
Your fingers can be trapped under the trunklid
as it goes down. Your fingers could be injured
and yow would need someoneto help you free
them. Keep your fingers away.From the m n k lid
.
..
i
.
-
65
E i
Lower the tailgateall the..waydown.
I
.
.
.
.
,
67
A .CAUTION-
..
It can be 'dangerous to drive withthe rear
mrindaw,and/or tailgate open. Carbmimonoxide
(CO) ,gascan come into your vehicle. You can't
see 03 smell co. It can -use unconsciousness
and even death.
If you must driv----'*,- 'he r e r ---'xiowand/c
tailgate open:
Make sure al
Turn the fan on your heating or coolin!
system to its highest speed with the
setting onECON. That will forceoutsic
air into your vehicle.See '' Comfort
Controls" in the Index.
If you have air vents on or under the
instrumen ban open thema
he way.
68
Turn the key to the right (clockwise) to.unlock. The
key
cannot be removed in this position.
To close and lock, liftup and push inon the door. Turn
the kev to left,back to the original position and remove.
This device complies with Part
15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to thefollowbg two conditions:(1)
This devicemay not cause harmful interference,
and ( 2 )
This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Remote Keyless Entry System
(Option)
Should interference to this system occur,this:
try
@
Check to determine if battery replacementis
necessary. Seethe instructions on battery
replacement.
Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. This product has a maximum range.
e Check the location.. Other vehicles or objects may be
blockiGg!$he signal.
@
.
.
-Ifyour Buick has this option,you cim loc$andanlbck\
u.pto
your doors or unlock your trunk tailgate3tom
or
30 feet (9 m) using the key chain transmitter supplied
with your vehicle.
Your. Remote Keyless
Entry System operateson a radio
ftequency s.ubject to Federal C.on&unications
Commission (FCC) Rules.
See your Buick dealer or a qualified technician
for
service.
Changes or modifications to this system
by other than an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
Theft
Vehicle theft is big business, especially
in some cities.
a number of the€t deterrent
Although your Buick has
features, we know that nothing we put itoncan make it
impossible to steal. However, there are ways
y6U can
help.
Kev in t~heignition: If you walk away fromyour
vehicle with the keys inside, it's
an easy'target for joy%..
F:
riders or professional thieves - so don't do it. w y ..q*.'%w(%3:
. .::
:. . .
.::.;-;
.L:
*:*.a;*;,,,
When you park your Buick and
open'the diiver 's'door,
you'll hear a tone reminding
you'to remove your key
from the ignition and take
it with you.' Alwaysdo this..
so will your
Your steering wheel will be locked, and
ignition and transmission.And remember to lock the
doors.
Parking at Night: Park in a lighted spot, closeall
windows and lock your vehicle. Remember to keep your
-ortake
valuables outof sight. Put them in a storage area,
them with you.
..-
...
Driving ThroughDeep,Standing
Water
76
Engine Block Heater (Canada Only)
In very cold weather,'0OF (-18 C) or colder,. the engine .
block heater can help. You'll get
easier starting and
better.fuel economy during engine warm-up.
,
To use the block heater:
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and'unwrap the electrical cord.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded110 volt outlet.
L
77
maintain brake application. Then move the shift lever
into the gearyou wish. See “ShiftingOut of ‘P’ (Park)”
in this section.
R (Reverse)
Use this .gearto back up;
Going,about35 mph (-5.6km/h) or more, push the
acceleratorall the waydo.wn.
-.
.
.
roads, butthen-youwould also wantto use your
brakes off and on.
You’ll shift,downto the next gear and have more
power.
D.(ThirdGear)
This is like @, but you never.go into-Overdrive. .
Here ’uesome tirnes kowmightdboose “ D ” instiad
of
-
a:.
.
-
,
-. When driving on hilly, winding roads
- When towing a-trailer, so there is less shifting
between gears.
J
- When
.going
down
steep
a hill
.
. .
!A
2 (Second Gear)
.
This position gives you.more,power but lower fuel
ecanomy. You can use “2’’on hills..Zt can help
cohtrol yourspeed as.you go down steep mountain
1 (First Gear)
This position gives you even more power (but
lower.
fuel economy) than“2.”YOU can useit on,verysteep
hills, orin deep snow or mud.If the selector lever is
put in “1,” the transmission won’tshift into first gear
until the vehicle is going slowly enough.
Limited-Slip Rear Axle
If you have this feature, your rear
axle can give you
additional traction onsnow,,mud, ice, sand or gravel. It
works like a standard axle most
of the. time; but when
one of the rear wheels hasno traction and the other
does, the limited-slip feature will allow the wheel with
traction to move the vehicle.
Parking Brake
To set the parking
brake:
Hold theregulaT brake
pedal down- with y,our
rightfoot. Push down the
1: parkng.brake pedal with
1;. -your lefi-foot..rf the
1:. 'ignitionis on, the brake
,system warning light will
come on.
i~
,.
Shifting Into ciP9 9 (Park)
To release the parking
brake:
Hold the regular brake
pedal down. Pull the brake
release lever.
,.(
r
,
I
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fullyin T”(Park) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
If you have left the engine running, the vehicle
can move suddenly.You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle won’t move,
when you’re on fairly level ground, usethe
steps that follow. If you are parking on a hill, ~r
if you’re pulling a trailer, also see “Parking Or-.
Hills” or “Tcl ..:nu a Trailer” in the Index.
.
11
1.. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake.
are .on a hill: See “Parking on Hills”
in the Index.
That section shows how to t u r n ’ yoax front wheels.
Jf
YOU
. . ( *
If you are towinp a trailer and
are.parking’onany hin:
‘See“Towing a Trailer” in the Index. That section shows
:what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
“P” (Park) position like
2. Move the shift lever into
this:
P
0
Move the lever up as far as it will go..
3. Move theignition key to “Lock.”
0
Pull the lever toward you.
4. Remove the key and take it withyou. If you can
walk away from your vehicle with
the ignition keyin
your hand, your vehicle is in “P”(Park).
83
Shifting Outof ‘T”(Park)
Your Buick has a brake-transmission shift interlock.
You
have to fully apply your regular brake before you can
shift from ‘T“ (Park) when tbe ignition. i s in the “Run”
position. See “Automatic Transmission” in the Index.
If you cannot shift outof “P”.(Park), ease pressure
on
tW$hift lever -push the shift lever all the way inta.“p‘“..(Park)ai you maintain brake app1ication;wThen
If you ever
riove the shift lever into the gear yoii wish.
hold. the brake pedal downbut still can’t shiftout of “P”
(Park$, try this:
c
1.
2.
3.
4.
Tmn the key to “Off.’-’
Apply and hold the brake until the end
of Step 4.
.
Shift to “ N ’ (Neutral).
.
.-
.
,
-
._
Start the vehicle and then shift
to the drive gear you
want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed assoon as you can.
Parking Over Things That Burn
Enghe Exhaust
I
6h CAUTION
Engine ex us an
t contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can't see or
'
smell. It can cause unconsciousness ant'
You might have exhaust coming in if:
@ Your exhaust system sounds stranne o r
Jfferent.
Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
Your vehicle was damaged in a collisiulI
@ ' Your vehicle was damaged whendriving
-ver high points onth- "--A --"
ebr'nepalrs weren-r aone COI GUY.
0 Your vehicle or exhaust system had bee
modified improperly.
*
*
m
,'!\ CAUTIO1
Things that can burn could touchhot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Don't park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or other thing
tl
t Ci
If you ever suspect exhaust is lming
vehicle:
Drive it only with allthe windc
blow out any CO; and
Have it fixed immediately.
to
85
You also have a lock out switch. Push
the front of the
switch to disable the passenger power window switches.
This will prevent passengersfrom opening and closing
the windows. The driver can still control all windows
of
with the switch in the locked position. Push the back
the switchto restore normal operation to
all passenger
window switches.
Power Windows
Wagon .Rear Vent Windows
';
Your power W
~ ~ ~ Qcontmls~
W S
are on the
In the, rear area,you have a
vent window on.each side
of the car..
armrest.
The switchfor %hedriver's window hasan express-down
feature. Pull the switch backall the way. Onee engaged,
release it.andthe window will lowerall the way. To Stop
the window from lowering, push
the switch forward.
You can also open this windowany amount by pulling
it at the desired
the switch back .slightly and releasing
point. To raise the window,push the switch forward.
To open, lift the latch and push out.
To close, pull in and
down onthe latch.
87
The lever onthe left side of the steering column
includes your:
0
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
0
Headlight High-Low Beam& Passing Signal
WindshieldWipers
0
The turn signalhas two upward (for Right) and two
downward (forLeft) positions. These positions allow
you to signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal aturn, move the lever allthe way up or down.
When the turnis finished, the lever will return
automatically.
WindshieldWasher
Cruise Control (Option)
Turn
Signal
and
Lane
Change
Indicator
.--
on
A green
the
instrument panel will flash
arrow
,'
I
indirection
the
ofturn
the
.or lane change.
To signal alane change, just raise or lower the lever
until the green arrow startsto flash. Holdit there until
you complete yourlane change. The lever will returnby
itself when you release it.
As you signal a turn or a lane change,
if the arrows don't their own lighting regulations that may require special
flash butjust stay on, a signal bulb may be burned out attention beforeyou operate these lamps.For.example,
some jurisdictionsmay require thatyou operate your
and other drivers won't see your turn signal.
lower beam lamps with fog lamps
at -all times, or that
If a bulb is burned out, replaceit to help avoidan
on whenever you.mustuse your
headlamps. be turned
accident. If the green arrowsdon't go on at all when you
windshield wipers. In addition, most jurisdictions
signal a turn, check the
fuse (see "Fuses" in the Index)
prohibit
driving solely with parking lamps, especially
at
and for burned-out bulbs.
dawn or dusk. It is recommended that you check with
If you have a trailer towing option with added wiring foryou own State or Provincial highway authority. for
turn signal flasheris used.
the .trailer lights, a different
applicable lighting regulations.
With this flasher installed, the signal indicator will flash
Headlight High-Low Beam
the front
even if a turn signal bulb is burned out. Check
and rear turn signal lights regularly to make sure they
To change the headlights.
are working.
.from low beam to high or..'
Turn Signal Reminder
:hi:&-to low, pull the turn
signal lever allthe way
A chime will sound if your turn signal remainsafter
on
'toward you. Then.release it.
having driven 1/2 mile, to remind you to turn off your
When the high beams are
signal.
on, ablue light,on the
instrument panel-alsowill
Operation of Lights
be on.
Although your vehicle's lighting system (headlamps,
parking lamps, fog lamps,side marker lamps and tail
lamps) meet all applicable Federal lighting
requirements, certain States and Provinces
may apply
l
90
You Control the windshield wipers by t u d n g the bmdmarked “WEER.”
For a single wxping cycle, turn the band to “MIST.”
1
I
7The
rear window
washer/wiper' switchi. at
93
Cruise Control (Option)
,*
. .. .
:.
.>
I
. .
";.
. ?y
..
you can't drive safelyat a steadyspeed.
So, don't use your Cruise Control on
winding roads or in heavy traff'
Cruise Control can be dangerous
slippery roads. Onsuch roads, fast
changes in tire traction can cause
needless wheelspinning, and you COI
lose control. C t t I = P ise ^ontrol on
lippel- poads
I
~
With Cruise Control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h)more
without
or keeping
your
foot
on
accelerator.
the long
trips.
really
Cruise
This
can
on
help
Control
switch
'to
Control does not work at speeds below about25 mph ;.'
(40 k-yn/h).
When you apply yourbrakes, the Cruise Control shuts
i. 'I
To Set.Cruise Cc-trol
.Off.
NOTE: On the Estate Wagon, ifthe tailgate windowis
not completely closed the cruise control will not work.
1. Move the Cruise
"ON."
(The “CRUISE’ light an
the instrument panel
will
corne an.)
If you leave your Cruise Control si ch on when
I
you’re not using Cruise, you. might hit
a button
to.. Yoe
and go into Cruise when you don’t want
could be startled and even lose control.Keel
the Cruise Control switch “OFF’’ until you want
to use it.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
3. Push in the set button
at theend of ihe lever
and releaseit.
4. Take your footoff the. accelerator pedal.
To Resume a Set Speed
Suppose you set your Cruise Control ata desired speed
of course, shutsoff
and then you apply the brake. This,
the Cruise Control.But you don’t need to reset it. Once
you’re going-about 25mph (40 h/h)
or more, you can
move the Cruise Control switch from
“ON’ to
a second.
“Resurne/Accelerate” for about half
95
To Increase Speed While Using Crui-se
Control
There aretwo waysto go to a higher speed. Here's the.
first:
1. Useth e .accelerator pedal.
to get to the higher speed.
,.
'
.' ,
You'll go right backup to your chosen speed and stay
there.
,
-.
..-
2. Push the button at the
end of the lever, then
release thebuttmand
the accelerator pedal.
-You'll now cruise at
the higher speed.
Here’s the second way togo to a higher speed:
To Reduce Speed While Using Cruise
Control
1. Push inthe burron at ,th.e
end of the lever until.
you reach the lower
speed YOU want, then
release it.,
2. To increase your speed in very small amounts,move
the switchdo ‘‘Resu~e/Accel~~ate”
for less thanhalf
a.second and then release
it. Each time you do this,
your vehicle willg,oabout 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
2. To slow down in very small amounts,push the
do
button forless than half a second. .Each time you
this, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 h/h)
slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal
to increase ,your speed. When
you take yourfoot off the pedal, your vehiclewill slow
down to the Cruise Control speedyou.set earlier.
97
Using LruIse Control on Hills
How well your Cruise Control will work on hills
depends upon your speed, load, and the steepness
ofthe
hills. When goingup steep hills, you may haveto step
on the accelerator pedalto maintain: your speed. When
.-... ,
going downhill, youmay have to brake or shift to a
Of course,
lower gear to keep your speed duwn.
applying the brake takesyou out ofCruise Control.
Many drivers find this to too
be much trouble anddon't
use Cruise Controlon steep hills., .
,
To Get Out of Cruise'Control
To Erase Speed Memory
There are two waysto turn off the Cruise Control:
When you turnoff the Cruise Control or the ignition,
your Cruise Control .set speed memory
is erased.
1. Step lightly on the
1;
!
i t
E
;',
,
;;brake pedal ;OR
Headlight C60n?'
Warning
Lights
If the light switchis left on you'll hear a warning tone
when you turn off the ignitbn.
These switches control
the following li-ght
systems:
i
Twilight Sentinel (Option)
Twilight Sentinel turns your
headlightsonand off
autcimatically by sensing
how dark it is outside.
'
Headlights
a Taillights
Parking Lights
0 License Lights
,* Sidemarker Lights
a Instrument PanelLights
Interior Courtesy Lights
0
*
..
By rotating the switch marked
MAX and INT you can
or dim and turn
make the instrument panel lights bright
the courtesy lightson or off.
To operate it, leave the LIGHTS switch
off and move
the Twilight Sentinel control to any position OFF.
but
99
Wagon Rear Lompartment Light and
Assist Handles .
There are courtesy lights and assist handles in the rear
of the tailgate
compartment located on each side
window.
Mirrors
Inside Mirror
When you are sitting ina comfortable driving position,
adjust the mirrorso:you can see clearly behind your car.
to adjust the
The day-night adjustment allows you
you.:
mirror to avoid glare from the lights behind
Time Delay
Automatic Mirror (Option)
The mirror delays before switchingcfrom the night back
to the day position. This delay prevents rapid changing
of the mirroras you drive under li-ghts and through
traffic.
Reverse Gear Day Mode
The-reversemode is another important €eature
of the
automatic mirror. Whenthe shift leveris placed in"R'
(Reverse), the mirror shifts to the day mode. This gives
you a bright image in
the mirror as you backup.
Your Buick may havethe automatic inside mirror.
The automatic mirror adjustsfor the glareof headlights
behind you. It detects changesin light, and then adjusts
for day or night operation.
During the day the mirror reflectsall the light from
behind your car. At night; when the
glare is too high, it
changes tothe night mode. Then,it reflects only partof
the light from behind you. When the mirror changes
to
the night-mode,jtholds that position until glare
is no
longer present.
Automatic/Off Switch
Push the switchup for the AUTO position.The switch
cap will light indicating
the mirror will automatically
adjust for glare.
To turn the automatic adjustoff, push the switch down.
Front Reading Lights
There are two reading lights located on .the rearview
mirror. Push the switch closest'to the light to turn it on
or off.
d
103
Power (Option)
Cleaniqg Photocells
Use a cotton swab and glass cleaner to clean the two
photocells that make
the mirror work.
Outside Mirrors
.
.i
I*
:
Manual
To adjust the.left outside mirror, rotate the knob located
on the driver's.door. The right outside mirror must be
so you canjust
adjusted manually. Adjust each mirror
see the. side of your vehicle.
1-
If your -Buick has the
optional power mirrors, the
mirror controlis located on
the driver's door. .Rotate.the
control to the left or right to
choose the mirror you want
Then move the
'to:.%dj,wst.
control in the direction you
want to move the mirror.
Adjust eachmirror so you
can just see the side of your
car and the area behind
your car.
Heated Outside Rearview Mirror(Option)
The left outside mirroris.heated whenyou activate the
rear window defogger.
Convenience Net (Wagon)
Convex Outside Mirror
Your right side mirroris convex.
A convex mirror’s surfaceis curved so you can see more
from the driver’s seat.
/d CAUTION:
If you aren’t used to a cor.. mirro IOU can
hit another vehicle. A convex mirror can ma
things (likeother vehicles) look farther away
than they really are. If you cut too
sharply inta
-the rightlane, you couldhit a vehicle on your
right. Check your inside mirroror glance over
--ur shoulder before changing lanes.
3-
A convenience netis provided for the rearof your
from
wagon to help keep small loads, like grocery bags,
falling overduring sharp turnsor quick stops and starts.
105
/!\ CAUTIO
If the wagon has a rear facing third seat,items
stored in the net could injure occupants seated
there during an accident, or the net couldsl 1
their escape afterward.Unhook the net and
store it when passengerswill ride in the rea
Keep the rearluau floor flat wncn you
The net can be hooked as.shown so that-it lies flat
against the load floor or standsup and down.
I'he net is nor for larger, heavier loads. Store suchloads
mder the load floor, or
on the load floor asfar forward
LS you can.
186
US
ne.net.
I
I
Convenience Net (Sedan)
Wagon Cargo SecurityCover (Option)
The security coveris used
4
1to cover the rear area when
vou want items hidden from
,
sight.
f
.
Your car has a convenience net. You'll
see it just inside
the back wall of the trunk.
Put-smallloads, like grocery bags, behind
the net. It can
help keep themfrom falling over duringsharp turns or
quick starts and stops.
The net isn't for larger, heavier loads.Store them in the
trunk as far forward as you can.
You can unhookthe net so that it will lie flat when
you're .not usingit.
.
.
. . ..
To use it, pull onthe handle
hnd pull the cover all the
way to the tailgate.Then,
insert each endof the cover
into the slots, making sure
to get
them
fully
place.
in
To return the cover, pull again onthe handle, pulling the
cover up andout of the slots. Gently let the cover roll
back up to thefront.
Be careful not to let go
of the cover beforeit is fully
retracted, as it could be damaged.
The securitycovercan also be removed from the car.
Each endof the c.over is spring-loaded. Push
in either
end towardsthe center andlift it out fromthe bracket.
To replace the cover, p.ut one endof .the coverin the
bracket. Then pushthe other springin and insert it into
the bracket.
107
Wagon Luggage Carrier
A CAUTION:
An improperly stored cargo cover could be
thrown about the vehicle duringa collision (sudden maneuver. You or others could be
injured. If you remove the cover, always storeit
properly secured. When youput it back, a h
besure that it is secureattached.
-
-
. .
You have a luggage carrier and can load
things on top of
your vehicle.The luggage carrierhas' slats ,and side rails
to use.
attached to the roof, sliding crossrails and places
for tying things down. These letyou load some things
on top of your vehicle, so long.as they -arenot wider or
longer than the luggage carrier.
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/!\ CA,UTI01
If you try ta wry s net l g on top of your
vehicle that is longer or wider than the luggage
carrier - like paneling, plywood, a mattress,
and so forth -the wind can catch it as you
drive along. This can cause you tolose cont
What you are carrying couldbe violently torn
off, and this couldcause you or other drivers
have a collision, and of course damage your
vehicle. You may be able to carry something
this inside. For example, a 4’ by-8’ sheet W i l l
inside your vehicle. But, nevercarry something
longer or wider than your luggage carrier I top
of your vehicle.
fiw’
~
aon’t.exceed,them a i m m , v & i & capacity when
loading your. Buick. For ‘moreinformation on vehicle
e q a d t y arid loading, see. Index -under
‘‘ Loading Yo-ur
Vehicle.”
To prevent damageOT loss of cargo as you’re driving,
check-nowand then to make sure the luggage carrier
and cargo are still securely fastened.
109
Light Visor Vanity Mirror (Option)
,
..
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,
The lightedvisor vanity mirror lights up when the
mirror cover is opened.Closing the mirror cover turns
off the lights.
i
Ashtrays
The front center ashtray
may be lifted out for cleaning.
To remove the rear ashtray
for cleming, press .down
on the gtuffer as you.pull
the ashtray
down and out.
...
.
.,...
. ... . .
>. _ ,
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:
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Cigarette Lighter
it
It's near the ashtray.To use the cigarette lighter, push
in all the wayand let go..When it's ready, it willpopback by itself.
, .%,.
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111
Speedometer and Odometer
Trip Odometer
Your speedometer letsyou See your speedin both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h).
Your
odometer shows how far your vehicle has been
driven,:...
U.S.) or klometers (usedbj:l::.r
in either miles (used in the
. ..
Canad,a).
.
A trip odometer can tell
you how may 'miles you
have driven sinceyou last
To reset it,
set it to zero.
sh the button.
I
. .
"tamper7&ist.mt-odometer." If you
;can see silyet lines betweiin. ttie numbers, probably
!somehe has. tried to turn
it,back. The,.numbers maynot
:be accurate.
UT Buicli hasa
'
.
"
.
.
'You .may wonder what happensif.a car has to have a .
;new odometer installed. The new one should betoset
"the same reading as the old one.
If that is not possible,
"hen it's set at zero, and
a label on. the driver's door must
.
:show the old reading and when the new one was
::installed.
Warning
.
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:,:j:?+jp$
Lights, Gages and
.).
._ *:
&.*:;>$y+
1.n.dicators
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,
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I l,
_*
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1:7.
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3,;.
1.
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4' 4 '
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This,section describes the warning lights gkges
and that
may'be on your vehicle. The pictureswill help y b ~ '
locate them.
Warning 'lights and gages can signal that something
is
wrong before it becomes
serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention
to
~
$
$
~
:
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Fuel Gage
Your fuel gage shows how muchfue i c in your tank. It
works only when the engine is on. Whenthe indicator
nears “E”, you still have a littlefuel left. You need to get
more rightaway.
I
Here are four concernssome owners havexhadabout the
fuel gage.All these situationsare normal and indicate
nothing wrong with the
fuel gage.
At the gas station,the gas pump shuts off before the
gage reads“F”.
115
3. If you make a hard stop, the
light may come on for a
moment.
But, when this light comes on and stays,on, it meansoil
You could be
isn't going through your engine properly.
low on oil, or yoimight have some otheroil prGblem.
You can.also read your oil
pressure .directlyfmrn the
gage.-on your instrument
panel.
:. .
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A CAUTION:
Don't keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If
you do, your engine can become so hot that i,
catches fire.You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have
your vehicle serviced.
;
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117
,
‘d.
.
dhen you turn the key to “Run,” this light
will coine on
briefly, to show that your alternator and battery charging
systems are working.If a light-stayson, you need
service, and you should takeyour Buick to the dealerat
once. To save your battery until you get there, turn
off
all accessories, and set
your air system to‘“OFF.”
Tachometer
Volts Gage
This gage shows voltagein
the electrical system. The
normal range is 11 to 15
volts. If the gage reading
staysin either red range,
have your Buick dealer
check the electrical system.
I
The tachometer tells you.how fast engine
the
is going. It
(RPM).
displays engine speed in revolutions per minute
119
Brake System Warning Light
I
Your Buick’s hydraulic .. .
brake system is divided intd
two parts..IfQne-partisn’t
working, the other part’can
stil1,work:aT;lClstop you. For
g,ood.braking, though, you.
need ‘both parts working, ..
well.
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This lightwill also come on when you set your parking
brake, and will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t
release fully.If it stayson after.your parking brake is
If the
fully released,it means you have a brake problem.
light comes on while driving,p . d off the- road and
stop
to
carefully. You may notice that the pedal is harder
push. Or, the pedal may
go closer to the floor.It may
If the light is still on, have
thetake longer to stop.
vehicle towed for service. (See “Towing
Your Car” in
the Index.)
.
If the. warning light goes
an,
. .
.
there -cbuld be a brake
problem.Haveyourbrake
system inspected
.. .
right - . . , . .,
away.. ,!_.
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/!\ CAUTION.
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This light should come’ on as you start the vehicle.
If it
doesn’t corne on then, have
it fixed so it will be ready to
warn you if there’s aproblem.
Your brake system may not be working properly
if the brake warning lightis on. Driving withthe
brake warning light on can lead to an accident.
If the light is still on after you’ve pulled off
the
road and stopped carefully, have the vehicle
ta ?dfor SE ice
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
.
I.
,:,:
.
If the light stays on or comes
on when you’re driving,
off. Then start
stop as soonas possible and turn the key
the engine to reset the system.If the light still stays
on,
or comeson again while you’re driving, your Buiek
needs service. Unless the regular
‘brake system warning
light is also on, you will still have brakes, but not
anti-lock brakes.If the regular brake system warning
light is alsoon, see “Brake System Warning Light”
earlier in this part.
i I
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With anti-lock, this light will go when
on you start your
engine and may stay on for several seconds so.
or That’s
so it
normal. If the light doesn’t come on, have it fixed
will be ready to warn you if therea problem.
is
The anti-lock brake system warning .light
may also come
on when you are driving witha compact spare.tire, If
this happens,the light means you won’thave anti-lo,ck
.a fuU-simtire.
until you replace the compact spare ,with
on after
If the anti-lock brake system warning light stays
you replace the compact spare with
a full-size tire,or if
it comeson again when you’re driving, your Buick
needs service.
121
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning:
Light
’
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This light tellsyou that ‘
your engine coolant has
ovetheated. If you have
been operating your vehicle
under normal driving
.conditions, you should pull
off the road,stop your
vehicle andturn the engine
-offas soon as possible.
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
This gage shows the engine
coolant temperature,If the
gaie:pointer moves into the
red area, your engine is too
hot!
:
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That reading means the same thing
as the warning light.
If you
It means that your engine coolant has overheated.
HOT COOLANT CAN BURN YOU-BADLY!
have been operating your vehicle under normal driving.
In “Problems on the Road,” this manual shows what to conditions, you should pull off-theroad, stop your
do. See “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
vehicle andturn off the engine as soon as possible.
HOT COOLANTCAN BURN YOUBADLY!
In “Problems on the Road,” this manual shows what
to
do. See “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
133
Yom -w&gon:has 'a &t&A&wariiirib.light. It should
comb:'oriwhen the tailgate
is dpe;neisas .a door. It will
stay on until the tailgate
has
been fully closed. It does
noi.come on whenthe
tailgate has beenopem%ias
a gate.
Part 3
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
.
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If your Buick has the Electronic Climate
control option,
it looks like this:
The following information tellsyou how it works:
Mode
When you pressthe MODE
button, it allows you to
select the outlets you want
heated or air conditioned air
to come fiom. Ybu can
select from UPPE,R,
LOVWR or BI-LEVEL
outlets by cycling ihrough.
the MODE fdnction.
The blower and the temperature will continue to in
bean
“automatic” MODE unless you changethe TEMP or
FAN controls.
127
‘I
Auto
Off
When the systemis set for
automatic, aitwill come
from thefloor o,utlets,. the
instrument panel outlets or
both. Fan speedwill vary
(unless a blower LO or HI
bukon has been pushed) as
the system getsto and
m,aintaigsthe temperature
'; .setting'you have .selected:
When the systemis off; the
.. .
..
.
..
'.
The display will show the selected,temperature and
blower
speed.
,
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.In cold .weather the system will delay. turning
on the'
blower, to avoid blowing cold air.
The length ofthe.
delay dependson engine coolant temperature, .outside
temperature and time sincethe engine was last: stafted.
Howev~r,'il you wantthe
blower fanf.0 run at alow&
speed, pukh
v.
If you. want'to raise the
bloWer"spt%d,push A,
. .
4 , !'
.
..'
You can use this when you don't need to cool
the
outside-air.The system will workas in the AUTO mode
without cooling. Theair flow will comefrom the
instrument panel outlets.
Rear Window Defogger (Option)
Defrost
This setting will direct most
of the air flow toward the
windshield. Use this when
there is fogor ice on the
windshield.
is cleared
Defrost will work betterif any ice and snow
from the hood andthe air inlet area between
the hood
and the windshield.
or you
Blower speed will be controlled automatically,
can choose another speed by pushing
the HI or LO
buttons.
If you havethe heated outside rearviewmirrors option,
is
the mirrors will be warmed when the rear defogger
on.
131
'Your Buick may have
this Comfort Control. System.
. .
. .
.
,
.
.
Your Bui&'s flow-through ventilation system supplies
outside airinfo the vehicle whenit is,moving.When the
heater or air c.onditioningfan is running, outside.air will
also enter the-vehicle.
. .
, .
Fan Speeds:
The fan-control is used to select the speed you' want the
blbwer to contrdl the:& flow.
B/L(Bi-level):
This setting is designedfor use on s m y days'whexe the
air is only moderately warmor.-c6c?l.
O n days like these,
i
the sun may adequately warm your upper body, but your Heating
lower body may not be warm enough.
When outside temperaturesare cold, 8liding:the upper .
The Bi-level settbg directs outsideair.intoyour vehicle
lever to Heater andthe'lower leverto :Warm will send,
in two ways.-Coolair is directed 'towardyour upper
heated airthough the heater outlets,'and-somethrough
body through thefront instrument panel outlets, ,while
the defroster vents.Vent and Heaterarelabeled
slightly warmed air is directed throughthe heater outlet
dr conditioner
economy positions. because the
at your feet.
compres.sordoesn't run in these..twosettings. "This
reduces
engine
load, resulting in impioyed f y d .
.The air conditioner compressor operates
in allAir
economy.
Conditioning positions, andthe Defrost position when
.theoutside temperature is above 40 O F (4.5 C).
Defrosting
Ventilation
The Defrost setting directs mostof the-air through the
defroster vents, and some
through.the heater outlets. Use
Formildoutsidetemperatures,when
little heating ox
defrost
when
you
want
to
remove
fog ,6r ice from the
cooling is needed, slidethe upper lever toVent, Air will,'
windshield.
flow throughthe .instrument panel outlets. Use
the air
oudets to turn on, adjust and turn
off the air,flow. Adjust.
the lower lever to control the temperature;
.
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133
Rear WindowDefogger (Option)
The lines yousee on the
rear window warm the glass
to remove fog andice. Turn'
the control on'to start
warming your window.
After a few minutes;it will
turn off automatically.
Audio Sysxems
Your Delco@ audio system has been designed to uperate
easily and give years-oflistening pleasure. Butyou will
get the most enjoyment outof your systemif you
acquaint .yourself withit first. Find out what your
Delcos system cando and how to operate all its
controls, to be sure
you're getting the most out sf the
it.
advanced engineering that went into
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound. But
FM signals
will reach only about10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). And,
tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to come andgo.
AM
The rangefor most AM stations is greater than for
FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
AM can pick
cause stations to interfere with each other.
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing thetreble to reduce this noise.
AM Stereo
This means the Delco@ systemcan receive C-QUAM@
stereo broadcasts. ManyAM stations around the country
use C-QUAM@to produce stereo, thoughsome do not.
(C-QUAM@ isa registered trademark of Motorola, Inc.)
If your Delco@ system can get C-QUAM@, your
“STEREO” light will come on when you’re receivingit.
A CAUTIONHearing damage from loud noiseis alrk..A
undetectable until it is too late. Your hearing
can adapt to higher volumes of sound. Sound
that seems normal can be loud and harmful to
your hearing. Take precautions by adjustingthe
volume control onyour radio to a safe = T ) U P ~
level before your hearing adapts to it.
To help avoid hearing loss or damage:
@ Adjust the volume control tothe Is\
setting.
Increase volume slowly unt ’ou ea!
cc for’ Y y
clear1
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135
. .
How To,Operate Y0u.r'Audio System
'
To Play This Radio'
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BAL
. : . .>,
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The cdntrol behind the upperknob allows you to
,balancethe sound bet,weenthe right and left speakers.
1
.
.
The Lower Knob
Turn the lower knob to tune'in.radio stations..Push'itto
. .
get AM 'or FM.
..
FADE
The control behind the lower knobmpves the sound,
between your front and rear speakers:
'.
SEEK
.,
Presshg'the seek buttonwill 'cause the receiver toseek
the
'. next .kigher stationanclstop..
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SCAN
.
, .
When you press scan, the radio will
go to the next.
station and pause and will keep scanning until you press:
scan again.
.. .
-.
The Uppei Knob
The upper .knob does these things:
It tums the systemon and off.
o It controls the volume. The volume knob increases
volume when rotated clockwise.
0
It will display the time,when pushed.
.
136
-
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.
. .
Pushbuttons
.The four pushbuttons let you return to favorite stations.
You can set the pushbuttons for up.to fourteen favorite
stations.(7 AM and 7 FM):
T.REBLE
e Tune in the desired station.
0
Slide. the TREBLE lever up
to increase the TREBLE.
response. If the station is weakor noisy, slide the treble
lever down to reduce the noise.
Press the SET pushbutton. (SET appears in the
display)..
Within 5 seconds, push oneof the four pushbuttons
to.store the-station. Wheneveryou press that button
again, the preset station will return.
In additionto the 4 stations set as above, up
to three
additional stations may be preset on each band by
pressing two adjoining buttons at the same time.
I
To Play This Radio
Tune in the desired station.
0
BASS
Slide theBASS lever up-toincrease the bass response.
Adjust the BASS lever to give a pleasingsound to your
ear.
Press the SET pushbutton. (SET appears in the
display).
e Within 5 seconds, press 'any two adjoining
pushbuttons at the same time. The station- will return
when the. same two pushbuttons are pressed again.
Clock
To set the clock:
0 'Press the SET pushbutton.
0 Within 5 'seconds, pressand hold SCAN until the
correct hour appears on the display.
o Press and hold SEEK until the correct minute
appellss on the display.
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137,
i
up to three additional stations on each band may be
preset, by pressing two adj.oining pushbuttons at the
sitme time.
BASS
Slide the BASS.leverup to increase the bass response.,
Adjust the BASS lever to give a pleasing sound to your
ear.
DNR@
This is the Dynamic Noise Reduction button,D m @
helps remove background hiss from the radio
or tape
player. You may wantto leave it pushed in all the time.
To Play A Cassette
Your tape player isbuilt-towork best with tapes that are
3.0 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes longer than
that, areso thin they may not.work well in this player.
TREBLE
Slide the.TREBLE lever
up to increase thetrewe
response. If the stationis weak or noisy, slide the
TREBLE lever down to reduce the noise.
With the radio on, press
.a ta#e into the slot marked
AUTO REVERSE (tap~e side
goes in first).
Once the tapeis playing, use the upper andlower knobs
for volume, balance and fade
just as you did for radio.
of the tape is bein,g
The arrows indicate which side
played.
139
FWD
,,
,.
.
.
To.advance the tape, press. and. the tape will advance;
rapidly untilyou press theSTOP-EJECT button lightly.j ? :
!
REV
To reverse the tape, press 4 and the tape will reverse.
Rnidly until: you press .the:STOP-EJECTbutton lightly.
.
To go from one sideof the tapeto $he other, prms'thef.
upper
.
. knob (RCL-FROG). .
..!.,
L.e;.
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STOP-EJECT
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To remove or stop the tape andswitch.toradio, press-the'
STOP-EJECT button.
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PWR
To turn on the radio, press thePWR button.
-m
The Upper Knob
The upper knob does these things:
0 It controls the volume. The volume increases and
I decretises when the knob is held slightly rotated
against the spring load.
e It allows you to.mutethe radio or the tape player.
Press to mute; press:againto listen. Duringmute;
only volumeupwillwork:
I
.
BAL
The coiltrol behind the upper
h 0 . b allows you 'to
balance-thesound betweenthe right and left'speakers.
'
The Lower-Knob
Turn the lower knob to tune radio statians. Turn the .
knob to tune slowly,
if you hold it for more than3
'seconds it will tune rapidly. Push itto get
OF .FM.
.
A
M
FADE
The control behind the lower knob moves the sound
between your,front and. rear speakers.
.
..
RCL
_ .
It tells you.the time. (When the,ignition-isoff, push RCL
to display the time.); With the radio on,the
and
time
displayed, push it to, displaythe frequency.
.
-
SEEK
&
Pressing the SEEK 4 or button, will cause the
rec-eiverto seek the.next higheror lower station and
stop.
SCAN
When you pressSCAN, the radiowill go to .the next
station and pause and keep doing that you
,untilpress
SCAN again.
Pushbuttons
.The.five.pushbuttons let you return. to favorite stations
..
You can .set the pushbuttons for up
to ten stations (5AM
and 5 FM).
Tune in the desired' station.
0 .Press theSET pushbutton. (The display will show
SET-forabiouf 5 seconds.)
141
REV
To reverse the tape, pressREV and the tape will rapidly
reverse to the beginningof the tape or until you press
the REV button lightly.
FWD
To advance the tape, pressFWD and the tape will
of the tape or until you
rapidly go forward to the end
press theFWD button lightly.
'
ST-PL
To immediately switch from tapeto radio, press the
ST-PL button and the radio will resume playing the
station that, was tuned in when you inserted a tape.
Pressing ST-PL againwill allow the tape to resume
where it stopped.
To Play This Radio
PREV
To hear a passage on the tape that just
hasplayed, press
PREV and the tape will back up and stop at either the
first 4-second quiet spot in the tape or when you press
PREV again.
NEXT
To go immediately to the next selection on the tape,
press NEXT. A 4-second quiet interval must be present
for the- tape to stop.
EJECT
To remove or stop the tape and switch
to radio, press the
EJECT button.
PWR
To turn on the radio, press the
PWR button.
Within 5 seconds, push oneof the five pushbuttons.
To Play A Compact Disc
SET will disappear from the display when the station
Before you begin, please note:DO NOT use mini-discs
is set.
that are called singles. They won't eject. Use full-size
Whenever you press only.
that button, the preset
station
will
1I
discs
compact
return.
If the disc playeris very hot, orif you're driving on a
very rough road, a disc may come out
justornot.play. If
Clock
you see the- word HOT on the display, the disc player
is
To set the clock:
too hot to play the disc. .Press
RCL to make the word
HOT
go
off
the
display.
0
thePress
SET pushbutton.
. .
As soon as things get back to normal, the disc should
play again.
a Within .5seconds, press and .holdSCAN until the
correct hour appearson the display.
PressandhpldSEEK 4.m .until thecorrect
minute appears on the di,splay.
Press PWR to turn the system on.
To Adjust The Tone
Use the'levers next to .the display to set the bass,
midrange and treble untily0.u get the sound you want.
The 60 and 250 levers hdjust the. bass;1K is ,midrange;
and 3.5K and 1OK control the treble.
We suggest you start w.ith the center lever
(1K) in the
midpoint position. Then move the others
up until you
get the. amount.of bass and treble you like.
.
I
.
,
Insert a disc partway into the slot,
label'side up. The
player will pull it in. Wait a few seconds and the disc
should play.
If the disc comes back out, check
to seeif,
0 The disc is upside down.
It is dirty, scratched, or wet.
There's too much moisture in the air.(If there is,
wait about an hour and try again.)
' !
i
145
RCL
Press :RCL to see what-trackis playing. Pressit again
within 5 seconds,to see how long 'theCD has been
playing,.
The track number also appears
when you change the
volume or when a new track starts
to play.
COMP
Pressing theCOMP button makessoft and loud passages
nearly equal in volume.
I
.
RDM
The RDM button means random and when isit pressed,
it will play the tracks in random order rather than
sequential 1,2,3...orden
REV
Press and holdREV to return rapidly to a favorite
passage. Releaseit to play the passage.
PREV
Press PREV to hear the previous track.
If you hoId this
t
button,or press it more than once, the dis.c. w-j&g&turn
previous tracks.
NEXT
Press NEXTto hear the next track instead
of waiting
until the present trackis finished. If you hold this
button, or-pressit more than once, the disc will advance
further.
STlPL
Press ST/PL (Stop/Play) and the disc will stop and the
radio will play. Press ST/PL again to restart the disc at
the point where it stopped.
Press thePWR button or turn the ignition key
off to stop
and will
the disc player. The disc stays in the player
resume playing at the point whereit stopped.
EJECT
FWD
Press EJECT and the-discwill eject and the radio will
1 when you reinsertit.
Press and holdF W D to advance quickly within a track. play. The disc will start at track
Release it to resume playing. Watch the graphic display
to stop at a specific passage.
146
Anti-Theft Feature
Delco-Loc I1 is a securityfeature for the compact disc
player. It can be used or ignored. If ignored,
the system
plays normally. If it is used, your player won’tbe usable
if it’s ever stolen, because
it won’t turn on.
The instructions below tell you how
to enter your
personal secret code into
the system. If your vehicle
looses battery powerfor any reason, you must unlock
the system withthe secret code before the system will
turn on.
Be sure to read through theentire procedure and become
familiar with the appropriate buttons andknobs before
starting.
Step 1. Write down any 6-digit number and
keep it in a
safe place.
Step 2. Turn the ignitioin to the ACCESSORY or RUN
position.
Step 3. Press PWR to turn the radio off.
Step 4. Press presets 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold
them until “- - -” shows on. the display.
You are now ready to enter your secret code.
If you
pause more than15 seconds between steps you may
have to,start over.
1
Step 4. Press the AM-FM button. The radio will display
“000”.
Step 5. Enter the second three digits of the code. The
display shows the numbers
as entered.
Step 6. Press the AM-FM button. If the display shows
“- - -”,the disabling sequence was
successful. (The
or the factory
numbers .matched the user-selected code
back-up code) and theunit is in theUNSECURED.
mode. If the display shows “SEC”, the disabling
sequence was unsuccessful and the numbers did not
match eitherof the codes and the unit will remain
in the
SECURED mode.
C-areof Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player thatis not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes, or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette -tapes should be stored in. their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight, and
extreme heat.If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or cause failureof the tape player.
I
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly each
month or after every15 hours of use. If you noticea
reduction in sound quality, try a known good cassette to
see if the tapeor the tape playeris at fault..Ethis other
cassette has no improvement
in s.ound quality, clean the
tape player.
Care of Your Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store themin their original cases
Clean your tape player with a wiping-action,
1
orotherprotectivecasesandawayfromdirectsunlight
non-abrasive cleaning cassette, and follow the directions and dust. If the surface
of a disc is soiled, dampen a
provided withit.
i
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and
from
the
center
to the
edge.
I
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality may clean it, wiping
degrade over time. Always make sure that the cassette Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling
tape is in good condition beforeyou have your tape
discs. Pick up discs by grasping
the outer edges,or.the
player serviced.
edge'of the hole and the outer edge.
I
-1
Fixed Mast Antenna
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes
without being damaged. If the mast should ever become
slightly bent, you can straighten it out by hand.
If the
should
mast is badly bent, as it might be by vandals, you
replace it.
Check every once in a while to be sure the mast
is still
tightened to the fender.
Power Antenna Mast Care
Your power antenna will look its best and work well
if
it's cleaned from timeto time.
149
yoUr rieqler for.a replacementkit
and,follow the instructions inthe kit.
easily replace it. See
Part 4
Your Driving and the Road
Part 4 includes:
RoadSigns ........................................................................
DefensiveDriving .................................................................
DrunkenDriving ...................................................................
ControlofaVehicle ................................................................
BrakingTips .................................................................
SteeririgTips .................................................................
Steering in Emergencies .................................
I ......................
Passing .....................................................................
Loss of Control ...............................................................
DrivingatNight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DrivingintheRain .................................................................
Driving in Fog, Mist and Haze .........................................................
CityDriving ......................................................................
FreewayDriving ....................................................................
DrivingonaLongTrip ..............................................................
Hill and Mountain Roads ............................................................
ParkingonHills ...................................................................
WinterDriving .....................................................................
TowingaTrailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Color of Road Signs
f-
A
P
RED means STOP. It may also indicate that some
movement is not allowed. Examples are DO NOT
ENTER and WRONG WAY.
The road signs you see everywhere are coded by color,
shape andsymbols. It’s a good ideato know these
-codes5.0 that you can quickly grasp the basic meaning
or intent of the sign even beforeyou have a chance to
read it.
152
-
.
x
h
h
h
.
RAILROAD
ADVANCE
CROSSING
Y
NARROW
AHEAD
BRIDGE
I
LOW
FLAGGER SHOULDER
W
WOBKE
AHEAD
I
YELLOW indicates a general warning. Slow down and
be careful when yousee a yellow sign. It may signal a
railroad crossing ahead,a no passing.zone, or somi
other potentially dangefous situation.
Likewise, a yellow
.solidline painted on the road means “Don’t Cross.”
I
ORANGE indicates road constructionor maintenance.
You’ll want to slow down when yousee an .orange sign,
as part of the road may be closedoff.or torn up. And
there may be workers and maintenance vehicles -around,
too.
153
449
H
3
HOSPITAL
INFORMATION,
BLUE signs with white letters show motorists' services.
GREEN is used to guide the driver. Green signs may
indicate ,upcoming freeway exits or show the direction
you should turn to reacha particular place.
r
\
......
.
CANOEING
SWIMMING
BROWN signs point out recreation areas or points
of
historic or cultural interest.
154
Shape of Road Signs
The shape of the sign will tell you something,
too.
I
s
An OCTAGONAL
(eight-sided) sign-means
STOP. It is always red
with white letters.
..
A DIAMOND-shaped
sign is a warning of
something ahead-for
example, a curve,steep
hill, soft shoulder, or a
narrow bridge.
.,
A TRIANGLE, pointed
downward, indicates
YIELD. It assigns the
right-of-way to traffic on
certain approaches toan
intersection.
A TRIANGULAR sign
also is used .on two-lane:
roads to: indicate a NO
PASSING ZONE. This
s i p will be QII the left
&de of thegmadway.
Symbols on .Road Signs
r
There are many international road signs in use today.
.??
JJ
J -L
KEEP
RIOHT
LEFT OR
THROUGH
) -L
.
ONLY
f
'
RIGHT- TURN
ONLY
RECTANGULAR (square .or oblong) signs show :speed
'
I
limits, parking regtllaticjnfi, give directions, and .such
information as distances-to cities.
Pavement Markings
REVERSl8lE
LANE ON
MULTILANE
ROADWAY
NO
PASSING
ZONE
I
d a n y .city roads and. expressways, and even bridges,
use
reversible-lane traffic control during rush hours.
A red X
light above aliane means no driving in that iane at that
time. A green arrowmeans you may drive in that lane.
Look for the signs postedto warn drivers what hours
:md days these systemsare in effe
D -
Pavement markings add to traffic signs and signals.
They give information to drivers without taking
attention fromthe roadway. A solid yellow lineon your
side of the road or lane means "don't
cross."
Your Own Signals
Defensive Driving
Drivers signalto others, too.It’s not only more polite,
it’s safer ‘tolet other drivers know what you
are doing.
And in some places thelaw requires driver signals.
The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive
defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
Buick: Buckle up. (See “Safety Belts”in the Index.)
Turn and lane change signals. Always signal
when you
plan to turn or change lanes.
Defensive driving really means“be ready for anything.”
On city streets, ruralroads, or freeways,it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
If necessary, you canuse hand signals outthe window:
Left arm straight outfor a left turn, down-for slow or
about-to-stop, andup for a right turn.
Slowing. down. If time
allows, tap the brake pedal once
or twice in advance of slowing or stopping. This warns
the driver behind you.
Disabled. Your -four-way flashers signal that your
vehicle is disabledor is a hazard. See “Hazard Warning
Flasher” in theIndex.
Traffic Officer
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers
are going to be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might
do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Expect children to dash out from behind parked
cas,
often-followedby other children. Expect occupantsin
parked cars to open doors intotraffic.,Watch for
movement in parked cars-someone may be about to
open a door.
Expect other drivers to runstop signs when. youare on a
as you go
through street. Be ready to brake if necessary
through intersections.You may not have to use the
brake, butif you do, you will be ready.
The traffic police officer also
is a sourceof important
information. The officer’s signals govern,no matter
what the traffic lights or other signs say.
The next section discusses some
of the road conditions
you may encounter.
If you’re driving through a shopping center parking lot
where there are well-marked lanes, directional arrows,
and designated parking areas,
expect.some drivers to
159
__
i
!
i
D,runken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking
and,drivingis
a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to the
highway death toll, claiming thousands
of victims every
year. Alcohol takes away. three
,things that anyone needs
to drive a vehicle:
Judgment
@
.e Muscular Coordination
.
Vision
Police records show that half
of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol-a driver, a
passenger or someone else, such as a pedestrian, had
been drinking. In most cases, these deaths
are the result
of someone who was drinking and driving. Over
25,000
motor vehicle-related deaths occur each year becaus-e
of
alcohol, and thousands of people are injured.
Just how much alcohol istoo much if a person plans to
drive? Ideally, no one should drink alcohol and then
drive. But if onedoes, then what’s “too much”? It;can be
a lotless than many might think. Although
it depends on
each person and situation, here
is some general
information on the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Content(BAC) of someone who is
drinking depends uponfour things:
. _
0 How much alcohol isin the drink.
. .
0
The drinker’s body weight.
The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking.
0
The length of time it has taken,thedrinker to
consume the alcohol.
It’s the arnount.ofalcahd that counts. For example, if
in some other countries it’s lower than that. The
BAC
(3 ounces
the same person drank three double martinis,
will be over0.16 percent after three to six drinks (in one
or 90 ml of liquor each) withinan hour, the persqn’s,
hour). Of course, as we’ve seen, it depends on how
.
.
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent.
A person who
much alcohol is in the drinks, and how quickly the
consumes fwd just before or during drinking will. have a person drinks them.
BA@level’.
slightlyi’lower
..
But it’s very important to keep
in mind that the ability to
drive is affected well belowBAC
a of 0.10 percent..
Research shows that the driving skills of many people
DRINKING THAT WILL
are impaired ata BAC approaching 0.05 percent, and
.,11
RESULT IN,A BAC -OF .@5’/0
... ... , .
IN
THE
JiME.
SHOWN.
that the effects are worse at night. All drivers are
.
, .
impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent. Statistics
I,
show that the.chanceof being in an accident increases
p
;
sharply for drivers who haveBAC
a of 0.05 percent or
.
3 HOURS
:
above. A driver with aBAC level of 0.06 percent (three
( .
beers in one hour for a 180-poundor 82 kg person) has
2 HOURS
doubled his or her chanceof having an accident. Ata
OF DRI-NKS
BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chanceof that driver
(as in picture) 4
1 HOUR
having an accidentis six times greater; at a level of.O.15
percent, the chances are twenty-five times greater! And,
to rid itself of the alcohol
the body takes about an hour
2
7111
in one drink.No amount of coffee or numberof cold
1
I
showers will speed that up.
1:O
O
i
I
1O
:
1O
:
16B O
2:
2O
:
240
- ,
,
C‘
,
’/
. . I . ’ .,,~
.
x - j : .
,?
’,
’
,
1,
T
1
BODY WEIGHT’IN POUNDS
“I’ll be careful’’isn’t the right,answer.What if there’s an
emergency, a need.to take sudden action, as when a
child darts into the street? A person with a higher BAC
might not be ableto react quickly enoughto avoid the
collision.
Control of a Vehicle
You have three systems that make your vehicle
go where
There’s something else about drinking and driving that you want it togo. They are the brakes, the steering and
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that the accelerator. All three systems have do
to their work
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
at the places where the tires meet the road.
worse. That’s especially true for brain, spinal cord and
heart injuries. That means that
if anyone who has been
drinking -driver or passenger-is in a crash, the
chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher
than if that person had not been drinking. And we’ve
already-seenthat the chanceof a crash itselfis higher for
drinking drivers.
-1
/ q CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving isvery dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, and judgment will be
affected by even asmall amount 04 alcohol. You
could have aserious - or even fatall - accident
if you drive after drinking. Please don’t drink
and driveor ride witha driver who has been
drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if you’re with a
group, designate a driver who will notdrink.
Sometimes, aswhen you’re drivingon snow or ice, it’s
easy to ask more
of those control systems than the tires
and roadcan provide. That means you can
lose control
of your vehicle.
163
Braking
*
Braking action- involves perceDtion time and reaction
’time.
-
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then -you have to bring
up your
foot and do it. That’s reaction-time.
Average reactiontime is about 314 ‘of a second.But
that’s only -an average. It might be less with one driver
and aslong as twoor.threeseconds or .more with
another. <Age, physical condition, alertness,
coordination, and eyesightall play a part. So do alcohol,
drugs and frustration. .But even3/4
in 0f.a second, a
travels 66 feet: (20
vehicle moving at60 mph (100 h/h)
m). That could. be a oflotdistance in an-emergency,
so
keeping enough- space between your vehicle
and-others
is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with thesaiface-of the raad.(whetherit’s pavement or
gavel); the conditionof the road (wFt, dry, icy);tire
tread; andthe condition of your brakes.
Most -drivers treat their brakes with care. Some,
however; overwork the braking system with poor
driving habits.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in
spurts -heavy acceleration followed by heavy
This
braking -rather than keeping pace with traffic.
is a mistake. Your brakes may not have time cool
to
between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much
faster if you doa lat of heavy braking.
Don’t “ride” the brakes by letting your left foot rest
lightly on the brake pedal while driving.
Riding” your brake
overheat to thepoint that they won’t workwell,
You might not be able to stop yourvehicle i t
time to avoid an accident. If you “ride” your
brakes, they will get so hot they will require a 1st
of pedal force to slow you down. Avoid“ridil
the brakes.
If you keep pace with the traffic and
al1,owrealistic
of
followirig distance.s, you will eliminate a lot
unnecessary braking. ‘That means better braking and
longer brakelife.
If your engine everstops while you’re driving, brake
pump your brakes. If you do, the
normally .but don’t
If your engine
pedal may get harder to push down.
stops, you will still have some power brake. assist.
But you will use it when you brake.
Once.thepower
assist is used up,it-maytake longerto stop and the
brake pedalwill be harderto push.
165
1 /!\ CAUTION:
I
A CAUTION:
The brake wear warn g s
sooner or later your brakes won’t work well
That could leadto an accident. When you hear
- -- - 3 your
the brake wear warning-.
vehicle serviced.
--I
,~
Some driving conditions or climates may cause
a brake
squeal whenthe brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. Thisdoes not mean somethingis wrong with
your brakes.
I
If your brake pedal goes down
farther man normal, your
rear drum brakes may need adjustment. Adjust them by
backing up and firmly applying the brakes a few times.
Braking in Emergencies
I
I
Use your anti-lock braking sysKemwhenyou need to.
.
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake
at the same time.
In many emergencies, steering can help you
.more.than
even the very best braking.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steeringassist becauLse the engine
stops or the system fails to function, you can steer itbut
will take much moreeffort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important totake-curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned
on
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, eachof us is subject to
the same lawsof physics.when driviqg on curves.The
traction of the tires agairist the road s.urface makes
it
169
Try to adjust‘ your speed
so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate untilyou are outof the curve, and then
accelerate gentlyinto the straightaway.
When you drive into a curve
at night, it’s harder tosee
the road aheadof you because it bends away from the
straight beams of your lights. This isone good reason. to
drive slower.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and
find a truck stoppedin your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out f-rom nowhere, ora child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in frontof you. You can
-if you can stopin
avoid these problems by braking
time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room. That’s
the timefor evasive action- steering aroundthe
problem.
Your Buick can perform very wellin emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes. Itis better to remove as
much speedas you can from a possible collision. Then
steer around the problem, the
to left or right depending
on the space available,
An emergency like this requiresclose attention and a
quick decision.If you are holding the steering wheelat
the recommended9 and 3 o'clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have act
to fast, steer quickly, and
just as quickly straightenthe wheel once you have
avoided the object. You must thenbe prepared to steer
back to y.our original
lane and then braketo a controlled
stop.
Depending on your speed, this can be rather violent
for
an unprepared driver. Thisis one of the reasons driving
experts recommend that you use your safety belts and
keep both hands on the steering wheel.
The fact that such emergency situations
are .always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at
all times.
171
a
a
1
173
174
vehicle is skidding. Learnto recognize warning cluessuch as enough water, ice or packed snow onthe road to
make a “mirrored surface’’-and slow .down when you
.have any doubt.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One
reason is that some drivers are likely
to be impaired by alcohol ordrugs, with night vision prob1ems;orby
fatigue.
Remember: Any anti-lock braking system (ABS) helps
avoid onlythe braking skid. Steer theway you want to
go-
Here are some tips on night driving.
Driving at Night
I
. !
I
0
Drive defensively. Remember, this is
the most
dangerous time.
0
Don’t drink and drive. (See “Drunken Driving.”
in
the Index for more on this problem.)
0
Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reducethe
glare from headlights behind you.
Since’you can’t see as well, you may needto slow
down andkeep more space between you and other
vehicles. It’s hardto tell how fast the vehicle ahead
is going just by looking at its taillights,
a Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlights can lightup only so much road ahead.
0
0
In remote areas, watchfor animals.
0
If you’re tired, pulloff the road in a safe place and
rest.
175
Night Vision
'No one can see aswe11 at nightas in the daytime. But as
A 50-year-old
we get older these differences increase.
to see the
driver may require .at least twice as much light
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you doin the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the dayin bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses.Your eyes will
have less trouble adjustingto night.
But'if you're driving, don't wear sunglasses at night.
They.may cut down on glare from headlights, but they
of things invisible that should remain
also make a lot
yisible -such as parked cars, obstacles, pedestrians, or
even train5 blocking railway crossings.
You mzy want to
,you have pulled into a
put onyour sunglasses -after
brightly-lighted service or refreshment area. Eyes
shie1ded.from that glaremay adjust.morequickly to
darkne,ss back on the road. But be sure
to remove your
sunglasses beforeyou leave the service area.
on a freeway or
When you .follow another vehicle
highday, use low beams. True, most vehic1e.s
now.have,
day-night mirrors that enable the driver to reduce glare.
of this typeand.highbeams
But outside mirrors are not
from behind can bother the driver ahead.
176
Driving in the Rain
177
The heavierthe rain, the harder it is to see. nven if your
windshield wiper blades arein good shape, a heavy rain
,can make it harder to see road signs and traffid. signals,.
pavement markings, the edge of the road, andeven
people walking. Road spray can often be worse
for
vision than rain, especially it
if comes frum a dirty road.
So it is wise to keep your wiping equipment
in good i.
shape and :keep your
windshieklwasher tank filled.
Replace your windshield'wiper inserts when 'they'show
signs .of streaking-ormissing areas onthe windshield, or
when stripsof rubber start to separate from the inserts.
Driving,too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems,
too.
The water mayaffect your brakes.Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can't, try to slow down before
you hit them.
A
,A CAJTION:
1
178
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won't
work well in a quick stop and may cause pl ng
tooneside. Yo Zould lo! eo - *oI of - - 3
vehicle.
After driving thro-=-- -i la.,e p-Jdle 0 . ,later
a car wash, apply your brake aedal liahtly unt
Iur brakeswork normal
I
Hydroplaning
Some OtherRainy Weather Tips
Hydroplaning is dangerous.So much water can buildup
on the water.
under your tires that they can actually ride
This can happen if the roadis wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle’
is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
0
You might not be awareof hydroplaning. You. could
drive along for some time without realizing your tires
aren’t in constant- contact with the road.
You could find
out the hard way: when you have
to slow, turn, move out
to pass - or if y-ouget hitby a gust of wind. You could
suddenly find yourself out
of control.
Hydroplaning doe.sn’t happen. often. But itifcan
your
tires haven’t much treador if the pressure in one or
more is low.It-can happen ifa lotof water is standing
on the road. If you can see reflections from trees,
telephone
poles,
other
or vehicles,
and
raindrops
“dimple” the water’s surface, there
could-be
hydroplaning.
0
a
0
a
Hydroplaning usually happensat higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning. The
best advice isto slow down whenit is raining, and be
f
careful.
-
179
Driving in Fog, Mist and Haze
When you drive into fog
a patch, your$sibility will be
reduced quickly.The biggest dangers are striking the
one behind. Try to
vehicle ahead or being struck by the
If the vehicle
‘‘read” the fog density down the road.
or, at night; if the
ahead starts to become less clear
-thefog is probably
taillights are harder to see,
thickening. Slow down to give- traffic behind you. a
chance to slow down. Everybody then has a better
chance.to avoid hittingthe vehicle ahead.
A patch of derise fog may extend only for a few
feet
(meters) or for miles (kilometers); you can’t really tell
while you’rein it. You can only treat‘the situation with
extreme tare.
Fog can occur with high humidity or heavy
frost. It can
be so mild that-you can see through it for several
hundred feet (meters).Or-itmight he so thick .that you
It may come
can see only a few feet (meters) ahead.
it can be a
suddenly to an otherwise clear road. And
major hazard.
One,common fog condition- sometimes calledm i s t or
ground fog- can happen in weather that seems perfect,
morning in valley and
especially at night or in the early
low, marshy areas.You can be suddenly envelopedin
thick, wet haze that may even coat ,your windshield.
You
can often spot these fog patches .or mist layers your
with
headlights. But sometimes they can be waiting
for you
as you come over a hill or dip
into a.shallow valley.
Start your windshield wipers and washer, to help clear
accumulated road dirt. Slow down carefully.’
Tips on Driving in Fog
If you get caught in fog, turn your headlightson low
beam, even in daytime. You’ll see -and be seenbetter.
If visibility is nearzero and you muststop but are
unsuTe whether you are away from the road, turn your
lights on, startyour hazard warning flasher, and sound
your Born at intervals or when you hear approaching
traffic.
*
Pass other vehiclesin fog onlyif you can see far enough
ahead to pass safely. Even then, be prepared
to delay
fog.is worse up ahead.If
your pass if you suspect the
other vehicles tryto pass you, makeit easy for them.
One of the biggest problems with city streetsis the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watchout for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention
to
traffic signals.
181
Free-wayDriving
Mile €or mile, freeways (also called thruways,
parkways, expressways, turnpikes,or superhighways)
are the safestof all roads. But they have their own
special rules.
The most important -advice on freeway dJiving is: Keep
to the right. Driveat thesame.
up with traffic and keep
speed mostof the other driversare driving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaksa smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane ona freeway as a passing lane.
182
183
I
!
i
1
I
I
I
Wear good sunglasses in bright light. Glarecan.
wear
sunglasses
at
cause
drowsiness. But don’t
night. They will drastically reduce your overall
vision at the very time you need all the seeing power
you have.
0 If you get sleepy, pull
off the road intoa’rest,service,
or
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise,
1
both. For safety, treat drowsinesson the highwayas.
an emergency.
As in any driving situation, keep pace with traffic and
allow adequate following distances.
0
185
'A
CAUTION:
If you
Driving on steep hills or mountains
is different from
driving inflat or rolling terrain.
If you drive
regularly
steep
in
country,
or
if you're
planning-tovisit there,here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
.
don't shift down, your brakes could get
o hot that they wouldn't work well. You wou.,
..len have poor braking or even none going
down a hill. You could crash. Shift dowr tn Ifit
,our engine assist vnurbrakes on a stec,
downhill slope.
- -
-
e
e
187
PBrkiBg
. .
.
,
Hi&$
You can turn your front wheels tokeep your vehicle
from rolling downhillor out intotraffic.
Here’s how:
Parking Downhill
Turn your wheels to the right.
You don’t have tojam your tires against the curb, if
there isa curb. A gentle contactis all you need.
I'
Parking Uphill
I
I
Ifthere is a curb, turn your wheelsto the left if the curb
is at the right sideof your vehicle.
If you're going uphillon a one-way street and you're
parking on the left side, your wheels should pointto the
right.
189
,.
Winter Driving
I
..
.
.
.
Include an.ice:scrapGq small
a
brush .or broom, a supply
Here are some tips for winter driving:
of'windshield washer fluid,a rag, some winter outer
a, cloth,. and a
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, red.
Have your Buick in good shape for winter.Be sure
.of
reflective
warning
triangles.
And,
if you will
couple
your engine coolant mix
is co-rrect.
bag
Snow tires. can help in loose snow, but they may give be driving under:severe conditions, include a small
of sand, a piece of ,old carpel .ora couple of burlap. bags
you less tractionon ice than regular tires.If you do
not expectto be drivingin deep snow, but may have to help provide traction.Be sure y.ou properly secure
these items in your vehicle.
to travel over ice,you may not wantto switch to
snow tiresat all.
You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your vehicle.
I
D.rivingon Snow or Ice
What’s the worst timefor this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
on, But wet
snow or ice c.an be slick and hard to drive
ice can be even more’trouble because
it may offert h e .
leait traction of all. You can get“wet ice” when’ it’s
about freezing (3ZoF..O0C)and freezing rain begins to
fail. Try to avoid driving we1
on ice until salt and sand
crews can get there.
,
,
.
’
Whatever the conditio,n
-smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose. snow
-.
drive with caution. Accelerate gently.
If you accelerate,,
Try .notto break the fragile traction.
too fast, the drive wheels will
spin and polish the surface
under the tires even more.
Your anti-lock brakes improve your ability
to make.a
hard stop ona slippery road.Even though you have the
anti-lock braking system, you’ll want
to begin-stopping
sooner than you would on dry pavement. See
“Anti-lock” in the Index.
Allow greater following distanceon any slippery
road.
If you are stopped by .heavysnow, you could be-.in a
seirious.situation. You should probably staywith'your
vehicle'unless you. knowfor sure that..youare near .help
and yau canhikethrough the snow. Here are some
things' to do to summon help and keep yourself and
your
passengers safe: Turn on your
hazard-flashers.Tie a red
cloth toyour vehicle to alert police that you,'ve been
.a
stopped by the snow. Put on extra clothing or wrap
193
blanket around you. If you have no blankets or extra.
clothing, make body insulators.from newspapers, burlap
bags, rags, floor math - anything you can wraparound
yourself OX tuck under your clothing to keep warm. ._ ,... .
,.
Yon can run the engine to keep warm, but. be careful.
..\ r’
,.
,
/A CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your
vehicle. This can cause deadly CO (carbnn
monoxide) gas to get inside. CQ could
overcome you and kill you. You can’t see it o
smell it, so y ~ might
u
not know it was in you1
vehicle. Clear away snow from around the base
of your vehicle, especially any that is blockina
your exhaust gibe. And check around again
from time to ti P to be sure snow doesn’t
collect there.
CAUTION: (Continued)
I
I
I
I
CAUTION: (Continued)
3pen a window just a Iihz oh &heside of the
vehicle that’s away from the wind. This will helr
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves Towing,a Trailer
fuel. When yourun the engine, make it go a little faster
than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This:
uses less fuel for
the heat that you get andit keeps the
/!\ CAUTIONbattery charged. You will need a well-charged batteryto
on
restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later
If you don't use the correctequipment and drive
with your headlights. Let the heater for
runawhile.
properly, you can lose controlwhen you pull a
Then, shut the engineoff and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
and repeat this only when you
feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do
it as 'little as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long as you can.To help keep warm,you can get
out of the vehicle anddo some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour orso until help comes.
I
trailer. For example, if the trailer is tooheavy,
the brakes may not work well- or even at all,
You and your passengers could be seriously'
injured. Pull a trailer only if youhave followed
I the stepsin this section.
1:
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
load from your vehicle’s capacity weight because your
vehicle will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading
Your Vehicle” inthe Index for more informationabout
your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
,
It should never weigh more than 2,000 pounds (900 kg),
unless you havethe optional 5,000 pound (2,250 kg)
trailer towing package. But
even that can be too heavy.
,
.
.
.
.
8:
It -depends on how you plan
to .use yourrig. For
example,speed, altitude,,road grades,outside
temperatuie and how much your vehicle
is us.ed to pull a
trailer ‘are.all important. And,it can also depen‘d on any
special equipment that you
have on your vehicle..’
. .
.
,
.
You can ask your dealerfor our traiIering information or
advice, or you can writeus atBuick Motor Division,
902 E. Hamilton Avenue,
Customer Assistance .Center;
Flint, M.148550.
In Canada, writeto General Motors ,of Canada Limited,
Customer Assistance Center, 1908 Colonel
Sam.Drive,
Qshawa, Ontario LlH 8P7.
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load(A) -of any traileris an important
weight to measure becauseit affects the total capacity
weight of your vehicle. The capacity weight includes
‘the
curb weight’of the vehicle, any cargo you may carry
in
it, and the people who will .be riding in the vehicle. And
a trailer, you must subtract
the tongue
if you will~ Q W
If you’re using a “dead-weight” hitch,
the trailer tongue
(A) should weigh 10%of the total loaded trailer weight
(B). If you have a “weight-distributing” hitch,the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh 12%of the total loaded trailer
weight (B).
-
’
After you’ve lo,aded.yourtrailer, weighthe trailer and
then the tongue, separately,to.see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may
be able’to get themtight
simply by moving someitems around in the trailer.
’
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the limit for
cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on theCertification
label at the rear edge of the driver’s doqr (or see “Tire
Loading” in the Index). Then be sure you don’t go over
the GVW limit for your vehicle.
Hitches
\
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by, and rough roads are a
few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Here are
some rules to follow:
0
0
If you’ll be pulling a trailer that, when loaded, will
weigh more than 2,000 pounds (900 kg), be sure to
use a properly mounted, weight-distributing hitch
and sway control of the proper size. This equipment
is very important for proper vehicle loading and
good handling when you’re driving.
Will you have to make any holes in the body of your
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch? If you do,
then be sure to seal the holes later when you remove
the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon
monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get into your
vehicle (see “Carbon Monoxide” in the Index). Dirt
and water can, too.
198
The bumpers on your vehicle are not intended for
hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to them. Use only a
frame-mounted hitch that does not attach to the
bumper.
Safety Chains
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the
tongue of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to
the road if it becomes separated from the hitch.
Instructions about safety chains may be provided by the
hitch manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for
attaching safety chains. Always leave just enough slack
so you can turn with your rig. And, never allow safety
chains to drag on the ground.
Trailer Brakes
If your trailer weighs more than 1,000 pounds (450 kg)
loaded, then it needs its own brakes - and they must be
adequate. Be sure to read and follow the instructions for
the trailer brakes so you’ll be able to install, adjust and
maintain them properly. Because you have anti-lock
brakes, do not try to tap into your vehicle’s brake
system. If you do, both brake systems won’t work well,
or at all.
Driving witha Trailer
Passing
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience. You’ll need. more passing distanceup ahead when
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal
feel of
.
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the
longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
handling and braking. with the added weight
of the
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you
are
Backing Up
so
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly
responsive as your vehicleis by itself.
Hold the bottomof the steering wheel with one hand.
to the left,just move that hand
Then, to move the trailer
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform,
To
mo.ve
the
trailer
to the right, move your
to
the
left.
safety chains, electrical connector, lights, tires and
mirror adjustment.If the trailer has electric biakes, start hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if
you.
possible, have someone guide
your yehicle and trailer moving and then apply the
trailer brake controller by hand to be sure the- brakes
are
working. This lets you check your electrical connection Making Turns
at the same time.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns
than normal.Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft
be sure that the
During your trip, check occasionally to
load is secure, and that the Lights.and any trailer brakes shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees, or other objects.
Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well in
are .still working.
advance.
Following Distance
Turn Signals When Towinga Trailer
Stay at least twiceas far behind the vehicle ahead as you
.a
would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This When you tow a trailer, your vehicle has to have
can helpyou avoid situations that require heavy braking different turn signal flasher and extra wiring. The green
flash whenever
arrows on your instrument panel will
.
andsuddenturris.
you signal aturn or lane change. Properly hooked up,
199
2.
3.
4.
tight.
.. ..
.
. -, .
. ...,
_.
.
201
Part 5 Problems on the Road
.
I-
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.1.
‘I
’
.
’
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.
.
.. . .
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that can occur on the road .
Part 5 includes:
Hazard Warning Flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204
205
OtherWarningDevices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
“Jump”Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206
212
TowingYourBuick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
216
Engineoverheating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
224
IfaTireGoesFlat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ChangingaFlatTire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224
238
CompactSpareTire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
239
If You’re Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7 Press the button in to.
~
make your front and, rear
i :turn s$gnal.lights'flash
.
,. on
and off. ..
,
I
.
.'
Your hazard warning -flashers work
no'matter wnat
position yourkey is in, and evenif the keyisn't in.
To turn off the flashers,
pull out on the collar.
When the hazard warning
flashers are on, your turn
signals won't work.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles; you can
set one up at
the sideof the road about300 feet (100 m) behind your
vehicle.
205
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want t o w e
another vehicleand,some jurnner, cables to
start you?
Buick. But please follow the US bel ir to do it sa-..~y.
I
“atteri-- can hurt you. Th
Decause:
0 Theycontain aci hat c
ali of these things can hurtyou.
2. Get the vehicles close enoughso the jumper cables
can reach, but besure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to
start your Buick, and the bad grounding. could
damage the electrical systems.
206
I
I
You eou be
injured
! V€
!s roll
parking brake firmlyon each vehicle. Put an
automatic transmissionin ‘‘P”(Park) or a
manu
nsl
in 9
3. Twm off the ignition .on both vehicles. Turn ofr all
lights that aren’t needed, and radios. This
will avoid
it could
sparks- and help save both batteries. And
save your radio!
Your Buick has two remote positive.
(+) jump
starting terminals.The terminals arein the red box
on the. same side’of the engine compartment
BS your
battery.You should always use one,of the remote
.positive (+) terminals insteadof the positive (+)
terminal on your battery.
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. Find
the
positive (+) and negative(-) terminals on each
battery.
To open the remote positive(+) terminal box, pull
the tab and open the cover.
7. Don't let the other end
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal of the good
battet'y. Use.a remote
positive (+) terminal if
!lie. vehicle has one.
. ...
..,.
6. Connect the red positive(+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the vehicle withthe dead battery. Use a
remote positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one..
209
8. Now connect the black
negative (-) cable to,
the good battery's
negative (-) 'terminal.
9. Attach the cable at least1.8inches (45 cm) away
from the dead banery,.butnot nm=engineparts that
move. The electrical connectioni s just as go:od there,
battery'is
but the chanceof sparks getting back to the
muchless.
.
. e % a,
'
" ".
.
,
' .I
,
,.. .
Don't let the other end touch anything until the next
step. Theother end of the negative cable doesn't
go
to the deadbattery. It goes to a heavy unpainted
metal part on the engineof the vehicle with the dead
battery.
10. Now start the vehiclewith the good battery andrun
the engine for awhile.
210
11.Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably needs
service.
12.Remove the cablesin reverse orderto prevent
electrical shorting. Take care that they don’t touch
each other or any other metal.
!
I
Towing Your Car
If your vehicle has been changed or modified since it
was factory-newby adding aftermarket items like fog
Try to have aGM dealer or a professional towing
tires and wheels, these
lamps, aero skirting, or special
service tow your Buick. The usual towing equipment is instructions and illustrations may not
be correct.
a sling-type (A) or a wheel-lift (B)or car carrier(C) tow
Before you do anything, turn on the hazard warning
truck.
flashers.
When you call, tell.the towing service:
That your vehicle has rear-wheel drive.
The make, model, and yearof-your vehicle.
Whether you can still move the shift lever.
If there was an accident, whatwas damaged.
When the towing service arrives, let
the tow operator
know that this manual contains detailed towing
instructions and illustrations. The operator may want to
see them.
Front TomGng Hook-Ups
Attach “T” hook chains
behind the front wheels &to
the sideof the frame rails
,onboth,’sides.
k,
Position the sling crossbar
just behind the rear edge of
the front fascia.A 4” x 4” wood beam is .NOT needed.
Attach a separate safety
chain around the outboard
end of ,eachlower contrbl
am.
Rear Towing Hook-Ups
Attach “T” hook chains to
slots in the frame rails
just
’ .ahead of rear wheels on
both sides.
Position theI-owessling crossbar directly under the rear
fascia. A 4” x 4” wood beam NOT is needed.
215
1. Turn off yom air conditioner.
If :No .SteamIs Coming From Your Engine:
If you get the overheat warning
but see or hear no
steam, the problem may not too
be serious. Sometimes
the engine can get a little
too hot when you:
Climb a long hill on a.hot day.
Stop :after high speed driving.
Idle for long periodsin traffic.
Tow a trailer.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign
of steam,
try thisfor a minuteor so:
If there's still no. sign of steam, push the accelerator until
the .engine speed
is about twiceas fast as normal idleto normal idle speed
speed. Bring the engine speed back
after two or three minutes.
Now see if the warning stops.
But then,if you still have the-warning,TURN OF'F THE
ENGINE AND GET EVERYONE OUT OF THE
VEHICLE until it cools down.
You may decide not to 1ift.the hood
but to get service
help right away.
217
When you decide it’ssafe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
Coolant recovery tank
Radiator pressure cap
1
11 parts, can be very hot. Don’t 1
Ich them. I
do, you can be burned.
Don’t run the engine if ther
I leak. If yo
the engine, it could loseall coolant. That could
cause anengine Pire, and you could beburned.
Get any leak fixed before you drive the
vehicle.
I
If there seemsto be no leaK, start tne engine again to see
if the fan runswhen the engine does. If it doesn’t,, your
vehicle needs service. Turnoff the engine.
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Recovery Tank
If you,haven’tfound a problem yet, but the coolant level
isn’t at or above“FULL COLD,” add-a50/50 mixture of
clean water (preferably distilled) and a proper antifreeze
at the coolant recovery tank. (See “Engine Coolant’’ in
the Index for more information about the proper coolant
mix.)
can bedangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid likealcohol, can boil before the,proper
coolant mix will. Your vehicle’s coolant warning
system is set for the proper coolant mix. With
plain water or the wrongmix, your engine could
get too hot but you
wouldn’t get the overheat
warning. Your engine could catch fire.and you
or others couldbe burned. Use a50/50 mix of
s-- -1 a proper antifr ze.
clean
I
----
219
5
i1
m L,CAUTIOP
can be bu 3d if you spill coolant on hot
m You
engine parts. Coolantcontains ethylene glycc
it will burn if the engine parts are hot
II and
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
When the Luolantin the coolant recovery~ ~ I Mis C“1 or
above “FULL COLD,” start your vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues, there’s one more
thing you can try. You can add the propercoolantmix
directly to the radiator, but be sure the cooling system is
cool before you do it.
220
I :I
How to Add Coolantto the Radiator
.
.
i=.:
i
-c
i
2. Then keep turning the
pressure cap, but now
push downas you turn
it. Remove the.
pressure cap.
i
t
. .
-: , :.c,- ,
I.
.
I
-"
.
-..-
' .
.
.
.
.,
I
1. You can remove the radiator pressure cap when the
cooling system, including the radiator pressure cap
and upper radiatorhose, is no longer hot. Turn the
pressure cap slowlyto the left until it first stops.
(Don't press down while turning
the pressure cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop.A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
3. Fill the. radiator with
the proper mix, upto
the base of the filler
neck.
e
4. Then fill the coolant
recovery tankto
“FULL COLD.”
5. Put the cap back on the
coolant recovery tank,
but leave the radiator
pressure cap off.
7. By this time the coolant ,level inside the radiator
If the levelis lower, add
filler neck may be lower.
more of the propermix through the filler neck until
of the filler neck.
the level .reaches the base
8. Then replace the
pressure cap. Be
sure the arrows on
the pressure cap
line up like this.
6. Start the engine and let
it run until you can feel
the upper radiator hose
getting hot. Watch out
for the engine fan.
223
If a Tire Goes Flat
Changing .aFlat Tire
I!\ CAUTIO1
can slip off the jack and roll over you or othepeople. You and they could be badly injured.
Find a level place to change your =
prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put the shift lever in
Park),
3. Turn off the engine.
To be evenmore certain the vehicle won't move.
you can put chocks at the front and rear of the
tire farthest away from the one being changed.
That would be thetire onthe other side of the
vehicle. at the otmosite end.
The equipment you’ll need is in the trunk.
.
-
.
.
.
.
,
I
The followin,gsteps will tell you,ho.w.touse ihe jack afid
change a tire.
.
.
,
,
.
,
.
. .,
,.
.
r
, .
. .. .. , , -.. .”:
, _,,,/
, , .. . , .
. ....~
..,LL
.,. ,.
..
i
I
,
.,
. .
.
O r , the equipmentfor the wagon is in the rear storage
compartment.
.
.
a
To access the equipmentin your wagon, turn the slotted
release button located on the rear,edge of thk cover.
Rempve thecovef by pulliing,it away fkom the window
and then slidingit toward the rear,Ming it up and out
of thelower track. The wagon tire changing equipmen1
can now be removed.
To remove the spare tire, unscrewand remove the wing
nut from the retaining bolt.
Using the tire lift strap, pull the tire out of the storage
well.
To remove the jack, unscrew the wing -boltfrom the jack
retainer. Removethe jack by sliding it forward.
227
Your Buick has a wheel.cover that .mustbe'removed to
access the wheel nuts; Refer
to the picture for the correct
wheel cover removal.
If your vehicle 'has .either of -the:.twofollowing wheel.
covers, they :must be removed &-carefully prying
'at the
outside ,edg@.with
the Bat
. end
.
'of@ewheel wrench.
j
,
.1
. .
. .
,
.
.
.
,
..
. .
.
,
.
.
,
,. . .
Remove,this wheel cover by carefully prying off the If your vehicle has wire wheel covers, .remove
the center
the wheelcoverbyusingthewirewheelkeywrench.
center -ofthecoverwith the flat endof the wheelof
wrench.
.. ...
I
'P
J
'IC
Getting U I er a vehicle when i s j; ied up is
dangerous. If the vehicleslips off the jack, you
could be badly injured or kilied. Never get wnder
a hide wh I i t .
orted
only by a jack.
Position theijack under the vekcle. ,Your.Buick,has:.m'
indentat&n,on the.fi-ame near each
'ofthe wheels.Raise
the jack so the,jackhead fits into-theindentation nearest
the wheel with the flat tire.
'
232
'.
'
a
A
CAUTIO
Rust ordirt on the wheel,
which it is fastened, can make the wheel
nu
become loose after a time. The wheel
could
come off and causean accident. When you
change a wheel, remove anyrust or dirt fro1
the places where the wheel attaches
to the
vehicle. In an emergency,you can usea cloth or
a paper towelto do this; but be sureto use a
scraper or wirebrush later, if you need to,to get
all the r - - - tor dirt off.
N
use oil or gre e on stu
Remove any rust or dirt fro-rnthe wheelbolts, rnoullLl1lg
surfaces or spare wheel. Placethe spare on the wheel
mounting surface.
Replace.the wheel nuts withthe rounded endof the nuts
toward the wheel. Tighten each nut by hand until
the
wheel is held against the hub.
234
Lower the vehicleby rotating the wheel wrench
counterclockwise. Lowerthe jack completely.
Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a criss-cross
sequence as shown.
t
lncorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to become
loose and even come off. This couldlead to an
accident. Be sure to use the correctwheel nuts.
If you have to replace them, be sure to get the
right kind.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can an
have the nuts tightened with a
to I00 ft. Ibs. (140 N.m)
Don't try to put a wheel cover on your compact spare
tire. It won't fit. Store the wheel cover until
you have
the flat tire repaired or replaced.
. ..
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1
,?.
C.".
235
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1
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'
I
,ACAUTION:
Storing a jack; a tireor other equipment in the
.passenger compartmentof the vehiclecould
cause injury. In a sudden stop or.collision,
loose equipment could strike someone. Store
all
these in the properplace..
237
Compact Spare T,ire
And don’t mix your compact spare or wheel
with other
fit..Keep your spare and its
wheels or tires. They. won’t
wheel
..
Although the compact spare was fully inflated together.
when
your vehicle -was new,it can lose air after a time. Check
the inflation pressure regularly.
It should be60 psi (420
P a ) . The compact spareis made to g6 up to 3,000 miles
(50,OOkm), so you can finish yourtrip and have. your
full-size tire repairedor replaced where you want.Of
course, it’s best to replace your spare with a full-size tire
as soon as you can. Your spare will last longer andbe in
good shape in case you need it again.
,
.
.
,
..
,
. . .
Your anti-1ock.brake systemwarning light -may come on
when you are driving with a compact spare. See
in the Index.
“Anti-Lock Brake System Waming Light”
L
s
CAUTIOF
a Jal , a we, ororner equlpmenr in rn
passenger compartmentof the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision,
loose equipment could strike someone. Store
al
these in the proper place
Don’t-useyour compact spare onsome other vehicle.
3s
J
IA
CAUTION:
If youlet your tires spin at high eed,the
explode and YOU or others couldbe injured.
And, the transmissionor other parts of the
vehicle can overheat. Thatcould cause an
engine compartment fire other damage.
When you’re stuck, spin the wheels as little as
possible. Don’t spin the wheels above 35 I h
(55 km/h) as shown on the speedome r.
I
c
239
!
1954 Buick Model 56C
248
I
Part 6
Se'rvice& Appearance Care
Service
Doing Your Own Service.Work
perform. see “Maintenance Record” in the Index.
E
I:
What about gasoline with blending materials that
contain oxygen, suchas MTBE or alcohol?
Gasolines for Cleaner Air
Your use of gasoline with detergent additives will help
fuel
prevent deposits from forming in your engine:and
MTBE is “methyl tertiary-butyl ether.” Fuel that no
is,
system. That helpskeep your ,enginein.tune and your
more than 15% MTBE isfine for your vehicle.
emission control system working properly. It’s good
for
Ethanol is ethyl or .grain alcohol. Properly-blended fuel
your vehicle, and you’ll be doing your for
partcleaner
that is no more than 10% ethanol is fine for your
air.
vehicle.
Many gasolines are now blended with materials called
Methanol is methyl or wood alcohol.
oxygenates. General Motors .recommends that you use
gasolines with these blending materials, such
as MTBE
and-ethanol.By doing so, you can help clean the
ak,
especially in those parts
of the country that havehigh
carbon monoxide levels.
In addition, som-e gasoline suppliers are
now .producing
reforniulated gasolines. These gasolines are specially
designed to reduce vehicle emissions. General Motors
recommends that you use reformulated gasoline. By
doing so, you can help cleanthe air, especiallyin those
parts of the country that have high ozone levels.
You should ask your service station operators their
if
if they
gasolines contain detergents and oxygenates, and
have been reformulated to reduce vehicle emissions.
.
Filling Your Tank
1':
,, ..
..
tL:
I.,:
,',.
[,
t:
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The cap, on thewagon, iis behind a hinged door on the
left side 'of your vehicle.
.
.
.
On.the sedan, the cap is behind the rear license plate.
,
.
:
'
m - -
/!\ CAUTION:
Ga din
rapor
is p l y tlammawe. It Durn:
violently, and that can cause verybad injuries.
Don't smokeif you're near gasoline or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames, and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
246 =
While refueling, hang the cap inside
the wagon fuel
door. Place the cap onthe inner most edge and turn it to
the right as.necessary to secure.
To take off the cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise).
'
I
Engine OiI
If the "LOW OIL" light on
'
the instrumentpanel comes
on, it means .you need to
check your engine oil level
right away. You should
check your engine oil level
regularly; the light is an
added reminder.
It's a goodidea to check your engineoil every time you
get fuel. In order to get accurate
an
reading, the oil must
be warm andthe vehicle must be on level ground.
From the front, you'llsee
your oilhpstick to the left
of 'the air cleaner. Turn off
the engine and give the
oil a
to
drainget
fe.w minutes.
back down-intothe oil pan.
If you don't, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual
h%l.
To Check Engine Oil: Pull
out the dipstick slightly.
Pinch the ,endof the
dipstiek tube as you remove
the dipstick to wipe the oil
fi-om it. Then,pushit' all the
way back in. No.w, remgve
it without pinching the tube,
keeping the tip lcmer.
thickness. DO not we other visco,sity-oilssuch ;as SAE
low-40 or SAE 2OW-50.
1I
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It’s below freezing outside and most trips are less:
than 10 miles (16 km).
.
What to Do with Used Oil:
The engine is -at low .speed most
of the time (asin
door tp door delivery, orin stop-and-go traffic).
You tow a trailer often.
Used engine oil contains things that have
Most trips are through dusty places.
caused skin cancer in laboratory animals. Da
let used oil stay on yourskin for very long
If -any oneof these is truefor your vehicle, then you
Clean your skin and nails with soap and water,
need-to change your oil.and filter every 3,000 miles
lr a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw
(5 000 km)or,3 months - whichever comesfirst.
away clothing or rags containing used engine
If none of them is true, change the oil every7,500 miles
0
(12 -500km)or 12 months -whichever comes first.
I
. .
Change the filter at the first oil change andat every
Used oil can bea real threat tothe environment. If you
other oil change after that.
all free-flowing oil
change yourown oil, be sure to drain
Engine Block Heater: An engine block heater can be a Erom the filter before disposal. Don’t ever dispose
of oil
big helpif-youhave to park outside in very cold
by pouringit on the ground,into sewers, orinto streams
weather, -20 * F (-29 C ] or .colder.If your vehicle has
or bodies of water. Instead, recycleit by taking it.to a
this option,see “Engine Block Heater” in the Index.
place that collects used oil.
If you have a problem
properly disposingof your used oil, ask your dealer, a
service station ora local recycling center for help.
252
Air Cleaner
_.
e engine wltn tne air cleaneroff can
Operath
cause you or others
to be burned. The air
cleaner not only cleans the air,
it stops flame i
the engine backfires.If it isn’t there, and the
engine backfires,you could be burned. Don’t
drive with it off, and be carefulworking on T
t
engine with t‘ air cf - - -- -8r om-
The air cleaner is located behind the enginefan. To
access the filter, liftup on the latches and let the cover
down. Replace the filter and snap the latches.
Refer to the Maintenance Scheduleto determine when
PCV filter.
to replace-theair filter and the
See “Scheduled .Maintenance Services”
in the Index.
253
I
Automatic Transmission Fluid
When to Check and Change:
A good timeto check your auiomatic transmission fluid
level is when the engineoil is changed. Refer to the
Maintenance Schedule to determine when to change
your fluid. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in
the Index.
How to Check:
Because this operation canbe a little difficult, youmay
choose to have this done at a Buick,dealershipService
Department.
If you do it yourself, be sureto follow allthe
instructions here, or you could get a false reading
on the
dipstick.
254
.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the
transmission fluid levelif you have been driving:
0
When outside temperatures are above.90 F ‘(32 C);
0
high
Atspeed
for
quitewhile.
a
I
In heavy traffic -&speciallyinhotweathEr.:
.
. .
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be
normal
at
operating temperature, which is 180 F to 200 *F (82 C
to 93 C).
To check transmission fluid hot:Get the vehicle ‘warmed
up by driving about15 miles (24 krn) when outside
temperatures are above 50 F (10 C). If it’s colder than
50 F (10 C), drive the vehicle in “D” (3rd Gear) until
the engine temperature gage moves and then remains
steady for ten minutes. Then follow the hot check
procedures.
To check transmission fluid cold:A cold check is made
after the vehicle has been sitting 8forhours or more
with the engineoff and is used onlyas a reference. Let
5 minutes if outside
the engine run at idle for
temperatures are 50 F (10 C) or more. If ‘it’s colder
than 50 OF (10 * C), you may haveto idle the engine
longer. A hot check must€0110~when fluid is added
during a cold check.
.
To check the fluid hot or cold:
0
Park your vehicle on a level place.
Place the shift.leverin “P” (Park) with the parking
brake applied.
0
With your foot on the brake pedal, move theshift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
3
seconds in each range. Then, position the shift lever
in “P” (Park).
1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean or
rag
paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait 3 seconds and then
pull it back out again.
Let the engine run at idle for3 minutes or more.
Then, without shutting off the enpine, follow these
steps:
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the lower
area for st
level. The fluid level must be in COLD
the
cold check or in the
HOT area or cross-hatched area
for a hot check.
4. If the fluid levelis where it should be, push the
dipstick back in all the
way.
255
How to Add Fluid:
Rear Axle
Refer tothe Maintenance Scheduleto determine what
kind of transmission fluid to use. See “Recommended
Fluids and.lLubricants”in the Index.
When to Check and Change Lubricant:
If the fluid levelis low, add only enoughof the proper
fluid to bring the level
up to the COLD areafor a cold
check or theHOT area fora hot check.It doesn’t take
much fluid, generally less than a pint. Don’t overfill.we
recommend you use only fluid labeled DEXRONBIIE,
because fluids with that label
are made-especiallyfor
you automatic transmission. Damage caused by fluid
is not coveredby your new
other than DEXRON@IIE
vehicle warranty.
0 After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How toCheck.77
0
When the correct-fluid levelis obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to checkthe lubricant andwhen to changeit. See
“Periodic Maintenance Inspections” in the Index.
How to Check Lubricant:
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to
the bottom of the filler plug hole.
What to Use:
Standard Differential
Use Axle Lubricant (GM PartNo. 1052271) orSAE
80W-90 GL-5 gear lubricant.
Limited-Slip Differential
To add lubricant whenthe level is low, use Axle
Lubricant (GM PartNo. 1052271) or S A E 8OW-90
GL-5 gear lubricant.To completely refill after draining,
add 4 ounces (118 ml) of Limited-Slip Differential
Lubricant Additive (GM PartNo. 1052358). Then fill to
the bottomof the filler plug hole with Axle Lubricant
(GM Part No. 1052271) or SAE 80W-90 GL-5 gear
lubricant.
er to yourcooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water,
or some other
liquid like alcohol, canboil before the proper
coolant mix will.Your vehicle’s coolant warning
system is set for the proper coolant mix. Wi’th
plain water or the wrong mix, your engine
could
get too hot but you wouldn’t get the overheat
warning. Your enginecould catch fire and you
or others could be burned. Use a
50/50 mix of
clean water and a proper antifreeze.
257
..
. .
Adding Coolant
,
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. : , .
':
ro Add Coolant: If you need more coolant, add the.
oronP.1:mix at the coolant recovery tar&.
The coolant recovery tank
.is located at theleft of the
engine compartment, directly
behind
. .
the'battery.
.To Ch.eck.Coolant:When your engine is cold, the
co;olant,levelsl~oultjbe .at"FULL COLD,'' or a little .
high_-..'Whenyour engine is 'warm, the.level
should'ke:
..
'.
....
,.
up to - iLL,HOT,"
or'a
.little
higherd.
..
.," .
.
',L;.
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'
.
.
. .
.
Add coolantmix at the recovery tank, but be careful not
to spill it.
Radiator
-Pressure
Cap
.
,
.
You can be burnedif you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant: contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine partsare ho
--e
~ hDg
. - k SI coolantona
hot engr
I
.
When you replace your raidiator$re&l
cap is recommended.
',
I
cap,.an
'I
.
.
.Thermostat
Engine coolant temperature is controlledby a thermostat
in the .engine coolant system.
The thermostat stops theflow of coolant through.the radiator untilthe coolant
reaches a preset temperature.
,
,...
. ..
When you replace your thermostat, an,AC@thermostat.
is recommended.
,
259
.
How To CheckPowerSteeringFluid:
’
,
’
.
Unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag.
Replace the cap and completely tighten
it. Then remove
the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
k‘
T, ’
When the engine compartmentis hot, the level %-‘the
should
atbe
“HOT” mark.
*.
.
L
s
When the engine Compartmentis cool, the level
should be at the “FULL
COLD’; mark.
What to Add:
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule
to determine what
kind of fluid to use. See (‘Recommended Fluidsand
Lubricants” in the Index.
I
Windshield Washer Fluid
To Add:
The windshield washer reservoir is located
at the left of
the engine compartment.
Open.the cap labeled “WASHER FLUID ONLY.” Add
washer fluid until the bottle
is full.
261
!
Replacing Brake System Parts
Battery
The braking system on a modem vehicle is complex. Its
many parts have to’ ofbetop quality and work. well
together if the vehicle isto have really good braking.
Vehicles we design and test have
top-quality GM brake
parts in them, asyour: Buick, does when
it is new. When
you replace partsof your braking system-for
example, when.your brake linings wear downyou
and
have-tohave new ones put in-be sure you get new
genuine GM replacement parts. If you don’t, your
brakes may no longer work properly. For example,
if
someone puts in brake linings that are wrong for your
your front and rear brakes
vehicle, the balance between
The braking performance
can change, for the worse.
in many other ways
you’ve come to expect can change
if someone puts in the wrong replacement brake parts.
Every new Buick hasa,DelcoFreedom@ battery.You
never have.to add waterto one of these. When it’s time
for anew battery, we recommenda Delco Freedom@
battery. Get one that has the catalog number shown
on
the original battery’s label.
Vehicle Storage,
If you’re not goingto drive your vehicle for25 days or
more, take off the black, negative(-) cable from the
battery. Thiswill help keepyour battery from running
down.
Batteries have acid that can burn
you and gat
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in the lndl
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
Contact your dealer tolearn how to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods.
264
-
Headlamp Bulb Replacement
IHalagen bulbs have pressurized
gas inside and
can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured. Take special care when
handling
and displssina of halogen bulbs.
I
ll
2. Turn each of the access coverretainers 1/4 turn and
lift the cover off.
I
4. .Remove wjre connector from bulb by lifiingthe lock"
tab and pulling it away .from the plastic base.
-
Bulb Replacement
5.
.
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,
.
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Install the bulb by putting the sriJall tab-(D)h t o the
small notch in the lamb (E). PGt the 'retainer: on and.turn
it 1/4 t u n clockwise (to the.right).'tolock it into place.
J;:
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..
Remove-thetwo Phillips @ head screws;
For .theright-side taillight, remove The housing that
covers the spare tire'. For the left-side taillight, open the
ldcking rearstorage compartment.
267
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,.
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,
...
Unskrew .tht$wingnut. From outside the vehicle,,
carefully pull the taillight assembly awayfrom the body.
Press thebulb housing release lever and turn the housing
1/4.turn counter-clockwise (to the left) to remove it..
To remove the bulb, pushit in and rotateit
counterclockwise(to the left).
Reverse all the stepsto reassemble the taillight housing.
Center High Mounted StopLight
Replacement
Lift up the tailgate window. Unscrew the two screws.
Bring down the bulb assembly. Pull a bulb out
of.its
retainer and replace. Reverse
the,steps to reassemble.
Loading Your Vehi.cIe
@I
TIRE-LOADING INF0,RMATlON
V:EHICLE CAP, WT.
OCCUPAN'TS
FRT.. CTR. RR.
TOTAL LBS.
KG
proper size, speed rating and recommended inflation
pressures for the tireson your vehicle. It also gives you
important information about the number
of people that
can be in your vehicle and the total weight that you can
carry. This weight is called the Vehicle Capacity Weight
and includes the weight
of all occupants, cargo, and all
nonfactory-installed options.
.
Y
MFD BY GENER-At MOTORS CORP
DATE
GVWR
GAWR
FRT
GAWR
RR
1
MAX. LOADING & GVWR SAME AS VEHICLE
XXX
COLD
TIRE
CAPACITY WEIGHT
SPEED
PRESSURE
SIZETIRE
PSI/KPa
.RTG
FRT.
RR.
SPA.
IF TIRES ARE HOT, ADD 4PSI/28KPa
SEE OWNER'S 'MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL
,$$$#/:::
INF0,RMATlON
l]mp
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it
may properly carry.The Tire-Loading Information label
found -on- the rear edge
of the driver's door tells
you the
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO 'ALL APPLICABLE US. FE,DE.RALMOT0.R'VEH'ICLE
SAFETY, BU.MPER,-AND THiEFT PREVENTI0.N
STANDARD,S IN EFFECT ON THE DATE OF
MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
~i~,l\i$;~!~~!~
The other labelis the Certification 'label, found on the'
rear edgeof the driver's do,ar.It tells you the gross
GVWR
weight capacityof your vehicle, called the
(Gross Vehicle' Weight Rating). The
GVWX includes the.
weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
269
I
-.
,
1
.
m
(!a CAUTIO1
And, if you do have a heavy load, you-shouldspread it
out. Don't 'carry more than.2'03 pounds (92 kilograms)
in the sedan or 300 pounds (136 kilograms-)in the
wagon in your trunk or rear area.
.
.
If you put things inside yourvehicle -like.suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else -they will go ,as fast
as 'the vehicle
or stopgoes.
to have
If you
turn quickly,
or if.there is a crash,they'llkeep goirig.
Never exceed theGVWR for.your vehicle, or the"Gross
Axle Weight Rating(GAWR) for ,either the
front 'or rear.
axle..
1
'8
A CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavierthan the
GVWR or the maximum front and rear GAWRs.
If you do, parts on your vehicle can break, or it
can change the way your vehicle handles.
These could'cause youto lose control. Also,
.overloadina can shorten the li of v o w vehic
:I
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I
I
)
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.,
'
.
.. .
Things.y
Jt inside your vehicle can
'ikt
and injure people in a sudden stop or tuln lr i~
a crash.
0 Put things
the trunk orrear areaof your
vehicle.
In a trunk, put.thern'asfar forward as vou
can. Try to spread the weight evenly,
* Never stack heavier things, like suitcas,,
inside the vehicle so that some sf them
are above the tops'of the seats.
When you carry somet,hing inside thd
vehicle, secure it whenever.you can.
9 Don't lei-? a seat folded down unless yo1
need to.
I
,
I
Station wagons can carry more weight than regular
passenger cars:- You’ll find
,theheading-“Maximum
Loadingat GVWR” on the Tire-Loading- Information
labei. YQUcan load your station wagon up to the limit
shown there, but only you’
if take the following steps:;
I
1.
2.
swerloaa your somon wagon, you CQI
damage parts of the vehicle and/or affect
vehicle handling. Either of these could cau!
you to 10s- --1trol of the vehicle and you c - ~ d
be injured
Newer carry rn
ht than
the
Certification label under “Gross Vehicle Weight
r ‘‘Gross Axle Weight Rating
ITyou
3.
Tires
-4.
..
. .
.
.
. .
We, don’t make tires.
Your new vehicle comes with high
quality tires made by a leading tire,manufacturer. These
:
tires are warranted.:by the tire manufacturers and their
warranties are delivixed with
every new Buick.:Ifyour
spare ti&is a different brand thanyo& road tires,.you
will have a tire warranty folderfi-om eaGh of these
manufacturers.
271
I
-
Inflation Tire Pressure
ION
)orly maintained and improper1 [sed tires are
dangerous.
Overloading - 3ur tires can cause
overheating as aresult of too much
friction:You could have anair-out ant
serisws accident.See -“Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Inde:
Underinflated tires pose the same dangc
as overloaded tires. Theresulting
accident’couldcause serious injury.
Check all tires frequently to maintain I
recommended pressure.Tire pressure
sha I be checked when your tires are
cold
Overinflated tires are more likely tobe cut,
punctured, or broken by a sudden impact,
such as whenyou hit a pothole. Keep tires
at the recommended pressure
Worn, old tires can cause accidents.I,
your tread is badly worn, or if your tires
have beendamaged, replace them.
a
The Tire-Loading Informationlabel which is on the rear
edge of the driver’s door shows the correct inflation
pressures for your tires, when they’re cold. “Cold”
means your vehiclehas been sitting for at least three
hours or driven no more than a mile.
When to Check: Check your tires once
.a month or
more.
Don’t forgetyour compact spare-tire(if SO equipped). It
should be at60 psi (420 P a ) .
How to Check: Use a good quality pocket-type gage to
check tire pressure. Simply looking at the tires will not
tell you the pressure, especially ifyou have radial tires
- which may look properly inflated even
if they’re
underinflated.
If your tires have valve caps, be sure to put them back
.on. They help prevent leaks by keeping
out dirt and
moisture.
Tire Inspection and Rotation
To make your tires last longer, have them inspected and
rotated at the mileages recommended in the,
Maintenance Schedule. See “Scheduled Maintenance
Services” in the Index.
Use this rotation pattern.
t
273
After the tires havebeers rotated, adjustthe front and
r e a inflation pressureas shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label. Make certain that all wheel nuts
ax9
properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” in the
Index.
A CAUTION:
Rust or diir on a wheel, or on the parts to which
it is fastened, can make wheelnuts become
loose after a time. Thewheel-could come off
‘and cause an accident. When
you change a
wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a’cloth or a papertowel
to do this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire
brush later, if you need to, to get all therust
dirt off. (See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the
Index.)
--
When It’s Time for New Tires
’
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tiresis to.
check the treadwear’- * .
indicators, which will
appear when your tires have
only 2/32 inch (1.6 mm) or
less of tread remaining.
..
’
I
I
I
’.
DU
need a new tire if
You can seethe indicators at three places around the
tire.
You can see cord or fabric showing throughthe tire’s
rubber.
The tread or sidewallis cracked, cut-orsnagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
The tire has a bump, bulge or .split.
274
The tire hasa puncture, cut, or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because
of the size or location
of the damage.
A CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to
lose control
while driving.If you mix tiresof different siz
or types (radial and bias-belted tires),the
.To find out what kind and size
of tires you need; look at
vehicle may not handle properly, and you
cows
the Tire-Loading Information label.
have a crash. Be sure to use the same size and
The tires installed on your vehicle when
wasitnew had
type tireson all four wheels.
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification
(TPC Spec)
-number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires, It’s all right to drive with your compact spare (if
you have one).It was developed for use on your
get ones with that same TPC Spec number.
That way,
‘
:le.
to have tires thatare designed
your vehicle will continue
Buying New Tires
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle.If your tires have an all-season tread
befollowed.by a “MS”
design, theTPC nu-mber will
‘t
(for mad and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure .they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial)as your original tires.
I
II
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
The following information relatesto the system
developed by the United States National Highway
by
Traffic Safety Administration which grades tires
treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This
applies only to vehicles sold
in the United States.)
Treadwear
The treadwear gradeis a comparative rating based on
the wearrate of the tirewhen tested under controlled
conditions on a specifiedgovement test course. For
.276
Wheel Alignment andTire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory
to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
In most cases, you will not'need to have your wheels
you notice unusual tire wear
aligned again. However, if
or your vehicle pullingone way or the other, the
If you notice your
alignment may need to be reset.
vehicle vibrating when drivingon a smooth road, your
wheels may needto be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked
or badly rusted.
If wheel nuts keep coming loose,the wheel, wheel bolts,
If the wheel leaks air
and wheel nuts should be replaced.
out, replace it (except some aluminum wheels, which
can sometimes be repaired).
See.your Buick dealerif
any of these conditions exist.
.
I
equipment parts. Thisway, you will be sureto have the
nuts for your Buick
right wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel
model.
/!\ CA-TION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel
bolts, or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be
dangerous. It could affect the braking and
handling of your vehicle, make your tires lose
air and make you lose control.You could ,have a
collision in which you or others couldI !
jured. Always use the correct wheel,whec
bolts, and wheel nuts for reelacement.
I
Your dealer willh o w the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset, and be mountedthe
same wayas the one it replaces.
If you needto replace-any of your wheels, wheel bolts,
GM original
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new
..
~
~
277
Tire Chains
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle
is
dangerous. You can't know how it's been used
or how many milesit's been driven. It could fail
suddenly and cause an accident.If you have to
replace a wheel u
equipment wheel.
278
Cleaning the Inside of Your Buick
using r oam-TypeCleaner on Fabric
Use a vacuum cleaner often
to get ridof dust and loose
'dirt. Wipe vinyl with
a clean, damp cloth.
0
Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask
surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
Your Buick dealer has twoGM cleaners -a
solvent-type spot lifter and a foam-type,powdered
'cleaner. They will clean normal spots and stains very
well.
~
0
-
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soon as: you,.cgnm- before they
se
use a clean dotn or sponge, and changeto a clean
area often. A soft brush maybe used if stains are
stubborn..
1
.
Use soivent-type cleaners in a well-ventilated area
only, If you use them,don't saturate the stained area.
If a ring forms after spot cleaning, clean the entire
area immediatelyor it will set.
'
Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered 'Cleaner following the
directions on the container label. .
0
Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge.
Don't saturate the material.
0
Don't rubitroughly;
0
As SOOR as you've cleaned the section, use a sponge
to remove the suds.
Rinse the section with a clean, wet sponge.
Wipe off what's left with a slightly damp paper towel
..
or cloth.
Then dry it immediately with an air hose, a hair
dryer or a heat lamp.
:Here are some cleaning tips:
0
Vacuum and brush the areato remove any loose dirt.
0
0
-''
,
'
*,
, ?
I
0
Wipe with a clean cloth.
280
7
-
1
Using Solvent-Type Cleaner on
Fabric
Special Cleaning Problems
II. ,
i:
Greasy or Oily Stains: Like grease, oil, butter,
First, seeif you have to use solvent-type cleaner at all. margarine, shoe polish, coffee with cream, chewing
gum, cosmetic creams, vegetable oils, wax crayon, tar
off better withjust
Some sp-ots and stains will clean
and asphalt.
water and mild soap.
Carefully
scrape
offstain.
excess
If you need to useit, then:
!
i
Then follow the solvent-type instructions above.
0 Gently scrape excess soilfrom the trim material with
a clean, dull knife or scraper. Use very. little cleaner, Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and asphalt will stainif
light pressure and clean cloths (preferably
left on a vehicle seat fabric. They should be removed
cheesecloth). Cleaning should start at the outside
of
as soon as possible. Be careful, because the cleaner
the stain, “feathering” toward the center. Keep
will dissolve them and may cause them
to bleed.
changing to a clean sectionof the cloth.
Non-Greasy Stains: Like catsup, coffee (black), egg,
0 When you clean a stain from fabric, immediately dry fruit, fruitjuice, milk, so& drinks, wine, vomit, urine and
the area with an air hose; hair dryer, or heat lamp toblood.
help prevent a cleaning ring. (See the previous
0 Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
NOTICE.)
soiled area with cool’water.
If a stain remains, follow the foam-type
instructions
..:
above.
If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine, treat
the area with awaterbaking soda solution:
1 teaspoon ( 5 ml) of baking soda to1 cup (250,ml)
of lukewarm water.
I
1,
,
- 281
Finally,ifneeded,cleanlightlywithsolvent-type
cleaner.
Combination Stains:Like candy, ice cream,
mayonnaise, chili sauce and unknown stains.
@ Carefully scrape off excess stain, then clean with
cool water and allow to dry.
If a stain remains, cleanit with solvent-type cleaner.
Care of Safety- Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
/
L
\
CAUTIOC
Do not bleach or dye satety belts. ITyou UO,
may severely weaken them. In
a crash they
might not be able to provide adequate
protection. Clean safetybelts only with mi
soap and lukewarmwater.
Cleaning Vinyl.or Leather
Just use warm water and a clean cloth.
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You
may have to do it more than once.
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain
if
you don’t get themoff quickly. Use a clean.-clQth
-and.
solvent-type vinylfleather cleaner.
Cleaning theTop of the Instrument
Panel
I
I
Glass
Glass should be cleaned often.
GM Glass Cleaner (GM
Part No. 1050427)or a liquid household! glass cleaner
will remove normal tobacco smoke and dust films.
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may
cause scratches.Avoid placing decalsOR the inside rear
off later. If
window, since thay may have to be scraped
Use only mild soap and water
to clean the top surtaces
of the rear
,of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones .or abrasive cleaners are used on the inside
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield window, an electric defogger element may be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached across the
and even makeit difficult to see through the windshield
defogger grid.
under certain conditions.
Cleaning the Outsideof the
Windshield and Wiper Blades
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun..
Don’t use strong soaps or chemical detergents. Use
liquid hand, dish or car washing (non-detergent) soaps.
If the windshield isnot clear after using the windshield Don’t use cleaning agents that contain acid- or abrasives.
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running, wax All cleaning agents should be flushed promptly and not
allowed to dry on the surface, or they could stain. Dry
or other material may beon the blade or windshield.
the finish with a soft, clean chamois aor100%cotton
Clean the outsideof the windshield withGM
towel to avoid surface scratches and water spotting.
Windshield Cleaner, Bon-Ami Powder@
(GM Part No.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter your
1050011). The windshield is clean
if beads do notform
vehicle.
when you rinseit with water.
Clean the blade by wiping‘vigorously with a cloth
Finish Care
soaked in full strength windshield washer solvent. Then
Occasional waxing or mild polishing
of your Buick may
rinse the blade with water.
finish.
be necessary to remove residue from the paint
a regular basis and
Wiper blades should be checked on
You can get GM approved cleaning products fromyour
replaced when worn.
dealer. (See “Appearance Care and ‘Materials” in the
Index.)
Cleaning the Outsideof Your Buick
Your h i c k may have a “basec.oat/clearcoat” paint
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth finish. The clearcoat gives more depth and
gloss to the
of color, gloss retention and durability.
colored basecoat.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best wayto preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep
it clean by washingit often with lukewarmor cold
water.
283
Aluminum Wheels
Weatherstrips
If your Buick has these, don’t use chrome polish on
them. Use wax after you clean them. Also, don’t
use
abrasive cleaners or cleaning brushps
on them -you
could damaee the proutive caating.
These are places where
glass-ormetal meets rubber.
Silicone grease there will make them
last longer, seal
better, and not squeak. Apply silicone grease with
a
clean cloth at least
si%.m every
mtk.
.
-
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure
the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion materialto the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Foreign Material
Your Buick dealer has GM
a White Sidewall Tire
Cleaner. You can usea stiff brush with it.
Calcium chloride and other salts, ice melting agents,
road oil and tar, tree sap, bird droppings, chemicals from
industrial chimneys, and other foreign matter can
damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain -on painted
surfaces. Use cleaners thatare marked safefor painted
surfaces for these stains..
’
284
Finis,h Damage
Chemical Paint Spotting
Any stonechips, fractures or deep scratchesin the fini.sh
should be repairedright away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop
into a major repair expense.
Some weather and atmosphexic conditionscan create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can
fall upon and
attack painted surfaceson your vehicle. This damage
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-upcan taketwo forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
materials available from your dealer .or other service discolorations, andsmall irregular darkspots etched into
the paint surface.
outlets. Largerareas'of finish damage can be corrected
,
in your dealer's body and paintshop.
Un,derbody Maintenance
Chemicais used€or ice,and snow removal and-dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occurthe
.on.
underbody.partssuch asfuel lines, frame, floor pan, and
exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
Although no defect inthe paint job causes this, Buick
will repair, at nochaKge to the owner, the surfacesof
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles.(20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever comesfirst.
9
At least every spring, flush these materials from
the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debris can collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer oran underbody vehicle washing system
can do this for you.
t
285
Appearance Care and Maintenance Materials
You :an get these from your Buick dealer.
PART
NUMBER
16
12345343
SIZE
USAGE
DESCRIPTION
lgic Mirror
Creme
02. (0.473L
Wax
Exterior cleaner
polish
and
121052277
1052863
strips oz. (0.354L)
L.oz. (0.028kg)
1050172
16 oz. (0.473L)
Tar and Road Oil Remover
Also removes old waxes, polishes
161050173
oz. (0.473L)
Chrome Cleaner and Polish
Removes rustand corrosion
1050174
16 oz. (0.473L)
White SidewallTire Cleaner
Cleiins white and -black
tires
32 4 0502
1 1
1050244
231050427
1050429
121052349
Weather
16 oz. (0.473L)
oz. (0.680L)
6 lb. (2.72kg)
oz. (0.340kg)
16 oz. (0.473L)
1051398"
8 02. (0.237L)
Spot and stain removal
Spot andstain removal
Glass Cleaner
Also spot cleans vinyls
Multi-PurposkPowdered Cleaner
Cleans vinyland cloth, ako, tires andmats
Lubriplate (White Grease)
For hood,trunk, door hiriges afid latches
Preservatone
Lifter
Spot
oz. (0.946L)
Windshield-washing
System
Washer Solvent
1052870
16 02. (0.473L)
Exterior
Wash-Wax (conc.)
* Not recommended forpigskin suede leather.
See Your General Motors Dealers for These Product
See Your Maintenance Schedulefor Other Products.
Stops squeaks
Fabric Cleaner
321051515
286
.
Vinylbeather Cleaner
oz. (0.946L)
I05 1055
Spray-A-Squeak
Grease Silicone
Top
Vinyl
Dressing -
For cloth
Wash
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
ID
I 1111111111111111l~lll11111111111111111 11111llllDDlllllI
a
ENGINE
CODE
SAMPLE4UXPMOM75
’
h
i
II
f \ASSEMBLY PLANT
MODEL YEAR
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label on the rear compartment storage lid
is located on the
in the wagon. On the sedan, the label
trunk lid. It’s very helpful if you ever need to order
i
parts. On this labelis:
Your VIN.
Its model designation.
Paintinformation.
A list of all production options and special
This is the legal identifier for your Buick.
It appears on
equipment.
a plate in the front corner
of the instrument p,anel, on the
driver’s side.You can see it if you 1,ook through the
Be sure that this label
is not removed from the vehicle.
VIN also
windshield from outside your vehicle,. The
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts Add-.O.nElectrkal E,quipment
labels and the certificatesof title.and registration.
Engine Identification
The eighth character inyour VIN is the engine code for
your GM engine. This codewill help you identify your
engine, specifications, and replacement parts in this
section.
287
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuitsin your car are protectedfrom short
circuits by a combination of fuses, circuit breakers,and
fusible thermal links in the wiring itself. This greatly
reduces the chance.
of fires causedby electrical
problems.
Be sure to use the correct fuse
if you need to replace
on the road and don’t
one. If you ever have a problem
have a spare fuse,
you can ‘‘borrow” one of the correct
value. Just pick some feature
of your car that you can
get along without- like the radio or cigarette lighter
and use its fuse,if it is of the valueyou need. Replace it
as soon as you can.
The cover will pull right
off. To put the cover ,hack
on make sure the tabs are
inserted in the front first.
1.
15
2.
3.
4.
5:
15.
10
25
7.5
'20
30
15
6;
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
.
,-..
IO
15
30
7,s
15
16.
17.
I
1
18.
19.
10
25
7.5
10
.
15
20
The fuse chart, below, shows how
to tell a blown fuse
from a good fuse.
BLOWN
-FUSE
GOOD
FUSE
I
'
I
RATING '
12004003 ................... 3 AMP
I2004005 ................... 5 AMP
12004006 ................... 7.5 AMP
12004007 ................... I O AMP .
12004008 ................... 15 AMP
12004009 ................... 20 AMP
12004010 ................... 25 AMP
12004011 ....................30 AMP
GM PARTNO..
L
J
COLOR
VIOLET
TA-N- .
BROWN
RED
LIGHT BLUE
YELLOW
WHITE
LI'GHT GREEN
Headlights
The headlight wiring is protected
by a circuit breaker in
the light switch.An electrical overload will cause the
lights togo on and off, or in some cases to remain off.
If
this happens, have your headlight wiring checked right
away.
Windshield Wipers.
The windsheld wiper motor is protectedhy a circuit
breaker and a fuse.If the motor overheats due to heavy
If
snow, etc., the wiper willstop until the motor cools.
the .overloadis caused by some electrical problem and
not snow, etc., be sure to get it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Circuit .breakers in the fuse panel protect the power
windows and other power accessories. When the current
load is too heavy, the circuit breaker opens. and closes,
protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed or goes
away.
Lumbar Power Seat Controls
If you have the lumbar controls for the power seat, there
is a 10 amp fuse under each seat 'wrapped in tape.
Should your seat ever not work, this fuse should
be
checked.
Estate Wagon Dimensions
Inches Unless Otherwise Noted
OVERALL:
Length ............................
2 17.7
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79.9
60.3
Height ............................
115.9
Wheelbase ........................
FrontTread ........................
'62.1
64.1
Rear Tread .........................
INTERIOR REAR:
Leg Room .........................
HeadRoom ........................
Shoulder Room .....................
HipRoom .........................
38.3
39.4
63-5
57.1
CARGO CAPACITY .
CU. Ft . . . . . . . . . 22.0
INTERIOR FRONT
LegRoom .........................
Head Room .........................
Shoulder Room......................
HipRoom .........................
292
42.1
39.6
63.4
56.9
PASSENGERS:
Front ..............................
Rear ................................
ThirdSeat ..........................
3
2
BASE CURB WEIGHT .
Lbs . . . . . . . . . 446.8
.
Roadmaster Sedan Dimensions
'Inches Unless Otherwise Noted
_.-
...
. .
OVERALL:
215.8
Length ...........................
Width .............................
78.1
Height .............. :. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55.9
Wheelbase ........................
115.9
Front Tread ........................
61.7
Rear Trexd .........................
60.7
~
INTERIOR.REAR:
LegRoom .........................
Head'.Room ........................
Shoulder Room .....................
HipRoom .........................
CARGO CAPACITY - CU.Ft.
20.4
PASSENGERS:
INTERIOR FRONT
LegRoom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HeadRoom ........................
Shoulder Room .....................
Hip Room .........................
........
38.9
38.6
63.3
56.9
42.1
39.2
63.3
56.9
Front ..............................
Rear ...............................
BASE CURB WEIGHT - Lbs.
........
2
3
4073
.Replaceable Light Bul-bs
Application
Number
Number
Application
.1
'1
"
1N.TERIORILLUMINATION
EXTERIOR
. 2057
Cornering ..........................
Headlight ...... . .................... 9004
Park/Turn .......
...... .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2057NA
Side Marker ...........................
194
Underhood ............................
561
.?
REAR
Backup .............................
2057
High Mounted Stop (Sedan) ............. 1141
High Mounted Stop (Wagon) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 577
License ....................
. . . . . . . . . . . 168
SideMarker (Wagon) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Tail(Sedan) ............................
194
Tail/Stop/Turn ........................
2057
.
i
1~65
.Ashtray . ............................
Courtesy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .......... 168
Door Courtesy .........................
563
Glovebox ..............................
194
168
Instrument Panel .......................
Luggage Compartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.20
Reading ..............................
192
Rear Body Pillar Assist Handle : .......... 194
192
Roof Rail Courtesy .....................
Visor Vanity Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TS-14VlCP
*
5 . ' r.:e
1
1
.
,
A. . .
Cap.acitiesand, Specifications
CRANKCASE CAPACITY(With Filter)5.0 quarts/4.7 liters
TRANSMKSSIQNDrain and Refill- 1.0.0.pints/4.7 lifers
Overhaul -22.4 pints/f0.6.. liters
MAINTENANCE.ITEMPART NUMBERS3
Air Cleaner-A1.135C
Fuel Filtir -GF580
Oil Filter-PF2S
PCV Valve-C.V789C
PCV Filter -FB59
Radiator Cap -RC27
Spark Plug- CR43TS, GAP 0.035”
,
’
8th Characterof the Vehicle Identification Number.
Made in a GM plant in the United States,
Part: numbers areAC type.
4. Air Conditioning Refrigerant - Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same.
If the air conditioning systemin your
vehicle needs refrigerant,be-sure the proper refiigerantis used. If you’re not sureask your Buick dealer;
1
2
3
295
..i
I
I
1957 Buick Super
296
Part 7
Main.tenanceSchedule
dependability and emission control performance.
Part 7 includes:
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A Word About Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Your Vehicle and the Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How This Part is Organized . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Section A: Scheduled Maintenance Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Your Maintenance Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SelectingtheRightSchedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Schedule1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Schedule11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Explanation of Scheduled Maintenance Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Section B: Owner Checks and Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AtEachFuelFill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AtLeastOnceaMonth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AtLeastOnceaYear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Section C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Section D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Section E: Maintenance Record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction
IMPORTANT:
A Word About Maintenance
KEEP ENGINE OIL
AT THE PROPER
LEVEL AND CHANGE AS
RECOMMENDED
Plan
I
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan?The
Plan supplements your new vehicle warranties. See
your Buick dealer for details.
We at General Motors wantto help,you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we don’t know
exactly how you’ll drive it.
You may drive very short
distances only afew times’ a week. Or you may drive
long distancesall the time in very hot, dusty weather.
You may use your vehicle in making deliveries. Or you
may drive it to work,to do errands orin many other
ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
GM
vehicles, maintenance needs vary.You may even need
more frequent checks and replacements than
you will
find in the schedules in this part.So please read this part
and note how you drive. If you have any questions
on
how to keep your vehicle in good condition, see your
Buick dealer,the place manyGM owners thoose to
have their maintenance work done.
Your dealer can be
relied upon to use proper parts and practices.
I
“Section B: Owner Checksand Services” tellsyou what
should &.checked whenever you stop-forfuel. It also
explains what’you can easily do to heip keep your
vehicle ia good condition.
,“Section C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections” explains
important inspections thatyour Buick dealer’s service
department or ;another qualified service center should
perform.
Section A: Scheduled Maintenance
Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedules
This section tells youthe maintenance services you
should have done and whenyou should schedule them.
Your Buick dealer knows your vehicle best and wants
you to be happy with
it. If you go to your dealerfor your
service needs, you’llknow that GM-trained and
supported service people will perform the work using
genuine GM parts.
Selecting theRight Schedule
First you’ll need to decide which
of the two schedules is
right for your vehicle. Here’s how to decide which
schedule to follow:
Schedule I
Is any oneof these truefor your vehicle?
a Most trips are less than 4 miles (6 km).
Most trips are less than 10 miles (16 km)when
outside temperatures are below freezing.
The engine is at low speed most
of the time (as in
door-to-door .deliveryy or in stop-and-go traffic).
These schedules are for vehicles that:
I
carry passengers and cargo within recommefided
limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s
Tire-Loading Information label. See “Loading
Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
a use the recommended unleaded fuel. See “Fuel” in
the Index.
0
You operate your vehicle in dusty areas.
You tow a trailer.
If any one (or more) of these is true.for your driving,
follow ScheduleI.
Schedule Il
Follow Schedule11only if none of the above conditions
is true.
301
Scheduled Maintenance Services Schedule
I
Follow Schedule'Iif your car is MAINLY driven under one or more of the following conditions:
0 When most trips are less than 4 miles (6 kilometers).
e -Whenmost tripsare'less than 10 miles (16 kilometers) and outside temperatures remain below freezing.
.e When mosttrips include extended idling and/oi- frequent low-speed operation as in stop-and-go traffic.
e Towing a trailer.*?
0 When operating in dusty areas.
Schedule I should also be followed if the car is used for delivery service, police, taxi or other commercial applications.
TO~BESERVICED
(See Explanation of
Scheduled Maintenance
Services Following
Schedules I and 11j
I
I
2. Chassis Lubrication
I
3. Throttle Body Mounting
Bolt Torque*
I
KILOMETER; 000)
LO 10 15 20 25
Every 3 000 mi. (5000 km)
or 3 months.
1. Engine Oil & Oil Filter
Change*
4. Tire 8L
Rotation
Inspection
5. Engine Accessory Drive
Belt(s) Inspection"
302
I
'
0
At 6 OQd)..mi,~10~000
km)
0
Every 30 000 mi.
(50 000 km) or 24 months.
.
0
Every other oil change
At 6,000mi. (10 000 km)and
then every 15 000 mi. (25 000
km) or as necessary
I
MILES (000)
WHEN TO PERFORM
Miles
(kilometers) or
Months,
Whichever
Occurs
First
0
0
35
0
40 45
50 55
60 65
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
a
0
0
0
.
TO BE SERVICED
I
(See Explanationof
Scheduled Maintenance
Services Following:
Schedules I and 11y
WHEN TO PERFORM
Miles (kilometers)or
Months, Whiche'ver
Occurs First
'
~
MILES (000)
-
KILOMETERS (000)
Item No.
75 80
~~
7. Front Wheel bearing
Repack
See Explanationof Scheduled
Maintenance Service
,Following Schedules I and
I1
9. Spark Plug
Replacement*
Inspection*?
I 11.EGR SystemInspection*? I
I
12.Air Cleaner Filter
Replacement*
Every 30 000 mi
(50 000 km)
~~
13.Air Cleaner Inspection*?
14.Fuel Tank, Cap & Lines
Inspection*?
15. Engine Timing&
Distributor Check*
J
The services shown in. this schedule
up to 48 000 miles (80 00.0km) should be performed after
48 000 miles at thesame intervals.
* An Emission Control Service.
-f- The U.S. Environmental F'rotection
Agency has determined that
the failure to perform this maintenance item will
not nullify the emission warrantyor limit recall liability
prior to the completion of
vehicle useful life. General Motors, however, urges all
that
recommended maintenance services be performed
at the indicated intervals and
the maintenance be recorded in "Section EMaintenance
Record".
Sched.uledMaintenante Services Schedule I1
Follow Schedule.I1 ONLY if none of the driving conditions specifiedin Schedule I apply.
,
TO BE SERVICED
I
WHEN TO PERFORM
Miles (kilometers) or
Months, Whichever
..
Occurs First
(See Explanation of
Scheduled Maintenance
Services Following
Schedules I and 11)
MILE, ; (000)
30
KILOMEl
,
Item No.
12.5
Every 7 500 mi. (12 500 km) or 12 mos.
a
At first and then every other oil change
a
2. Chassis Lubrication
Every 7 500 mi. (12 500 km) or 12 mos.
0
3. Throttle Body MountingBolt Torque*
At 7 500 mi. (12.500 km) only
0
4. Tire & Wheel Inspection.& Rotation
At 7 500 mi. (12 500 km)and then every
15 000 mi. (25 000 km) or as necessary
I. Engine Oil Change"
Oil Filter Change"
-~
5. Engine Accessory Drive Belt(s) Inspection*
Every 30 000 mi. (50 000 km) or 24 mos.
6. Cooling System Service"
7. Front Wheel BearingRepack.
304
Every 30 000 mi. (50 '000 km)
.
'
~~
'
.
'
I 25 I 37.5
0
0
0
a
0
I
o
t
I 37.5 I
45
.
.
TO BE ,SERVICED
(See explanationof
Scheduled Maintenance
Services Following
Schedules I'and 11)
Item No.
.
WHEN TO PERFORM
Miles (kilometers) or
Months, Whichever
Occurs First
,
KILOMETERS (000)
- .
See Explanationof Scheduled Maintenance
Services Following SchedulesI and 11
8. Transmission Service
9. Spark Plug Replacement"
10.Spark Plug.Wire.Inspection*T
11. EGR System Inspection*?
Every 30!000 mi. (50 000 km)
12.Air Cleaner Filter Replacement"
13. ~ icleaner
r
Inspection*?
14.Fuel Tank, Cap & Lines'Inspectiori*f
-t
15.En&e Timing & Distributor Check!
.
.
The'services shown inthis schedule up to 45.000 miles (75 000 km) should be performed after45 000
miles at the'same inte-Wals.
I
*
f
.
.
I
An Emission Control Service.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
has determined that the failure to perform this maintenance item
will notnullify the emission warrantyor limit recall liabilityprior to the completion of
vehicle useful life. Gerieml Motors, however;
urges that all recommendedmaintenanceservices be performed
at the indicated intervals and
the maintenance be.recordedin "Section EMaintenance
Record".
305
of these
If you do not use your vehicle under any
conditions, change both the fluid and
filter every
100,000 miles (1 60000 km).
To help ensure-properoperation, we recommena a
pressure testof both’thecooling system and the
pressure cap.
9. SparkPlugReplacement* -Replacesparkplugs
7. FrontWheelBearingRepack -Whenyour
vehicleisusedinsuchservice as policework, as awiththepropertype.See“SpecificationsChart.’’
in
repackthe
theIndex.
taxior in door-to-doordelivery,cleanand
Spark plug Wire Inspection*? -Inspect for
front wheel bearings at each brake relining or 15,000
miles (25 000 km), whichever comes first.If you
burns, cracks .or other damage. Check the bootatfit
don’t use your vehiclein such service, cleanand
the distributor and at the spark plugs. Replace wires
repackthebearings at eachbrakereliningor 30,000
as. needed.
miles (50 000 km)whichever comes first.
11.Exhaust Gas Recirculation(EGR) System
8. Transmission Service-Change both the fluid and
Inspection*? -Conduct theEGR system service
filter every15,000miles (25 000 km) if the vehicle
as described in the service manual.To purchase a
is mainly driven under one or ‘more
of these
service manual, see “Service Publications” in the
conditions:
Index.
In heayy city traffic where the outside
12. Air Cleaner Filter Replacement*
-Replace every
temperature regularly reaches‘90O F (32 C) or
30,000 miles (50 000 km)or moreofkn under dusty
higher.
conditions. Ask your dealer for the proper
replacement intervals for your driving conditions.
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
When doing frequent trailer towing.
Uses such as found in taxi, police caror delivery
service.
-
307
I
‘X:
’
An Emission Control Service.
TheU.S.Ehyironmental Protection Agency has determined that the failure tothis
perfomaintenance itein will
not nullify the emission warranty
or limit recall liability
priorto thecompletion of vel&cle.
useful Iife. Geneial Motors, however,.urges that
all recommended maintenance servicesbe performed.at the indicated intervals
and the maintenance be recorded in“SectionE:MaintenanceRecord”.
At Each FuelFill.
At Least Once a Month
(It is important foryou ‘ora service station. attendant
.ch~ecks
,,at each fuel
fill.)
to perform these underhood
Tire Inflation
CHECK OR
SERVICE
WHAT TO DO
,
,
.
. ,
Engine Oil
Level
Check the engine oil level and add
the.proper oil. ifnecessary.See
Tngine Oil” in the Index for further
details.
Engine Coolant
Level
Check the engine coolant level
In t h y
coolant recovery tank and add the
proper coolant mix if necessary., See.
“Coolant” in the Index for further
details.
’
Winashield
Washer Fluid
Level .
CHECK OR
‘SERVICE
Check the windshield washer fluid
level in ‘thewindshield washer tank
and addthe proper fluidif necessary.
See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in
the Index for ‘further details.
WHAT TO DO
Check tire .inflation.
Make sure they
are inflatedto.thepressures specified
on theTire-LoadingInformation
label locatedon,the rear edge
.of the
in the
,driver’sdoor.See“Tires”
Index for further details.
At Least Oncea Year
I
I
’
CHECK-OR
SERVICE
Key Lock
Cylinders
;
s
WHAT TO DO
.
.
Lubricate the key lock cylinders with
lubricant specifiedin Section D.
t
h
e
.
‘Lubricateall body door hinges. Also
lubricateall hinges and. latches,
including those for,the hood, glove
box door and console .door. Section
D tells you what to use.
309
I
!
:
I
F
INSPECTION
OR SERVICE
1
WHATSHOULD BE DONE
Steering and
Suspension
Inspection
Inipect the frontand re? suspension
and steering. system for,damaged,
loose or missing parts,.signsof wear,
orlack of lubrication.Inspectthe
power steering lines and. hoses for
proper
hookup,
binding,
leaks,
cracks,
chafing,
etc.
.
~~
'
~~~~~~
Throttle
Linkage
interference
for
binding,
and
or
1nspectio.n
damaged
missing
or
~~~
Inspect,
the
complete
exhaust
. system. Inspect the body near the
exhaustsystem. Look forbroken,
damaged, mimingor out-of-position
parts as' well as open seams, holes,
or other
loose
connections,
conditions which could cause a heat
build-up in the floor pan or could
let
exhaust fumes into the vehicle. See
"Engine Exhaust" in the Iridex.
Exhaust System
Inspection
~
~
~
~
~
Inspect
the
throttle
linkage.
parts..Replace
parts as needed.
.. .
for
INSPECTION
OR SERVICE
Rear. Axle
Service
WHAT SHOULD BE DONE
..
.
Check the gear lubricant.leve1
in’the
rear axle andadd if needed.See
“Rear Axle” in the Index. A fluid
loss in this system may indicate a
problem.
Check
the system
and
repair it if needed. If your vehicle is
used-to pull a trailer, have the rear
,axle gear .lubricant changed every
7,500 mile$ (12 500 kin).
INSPECTION
OR SERVICE
Brake System
Irispection.
!
313
Section D: Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identified below
by name,
from your
part number or specification may be obtained
GM dealer.:
USAGE
Engine .Oil
Engine Coolant
.
314
.-.
, ’.,
USAGE
FLUIDILUBRICANT.
Hydraulic Brake
. .
System
DelcoSupreme l l @ BrakeFluid
(GM Part No. 1052535) or
equivalent DOT3 brake fluid.
I
.
lubricant.
meeting
Chassis
requirements of NLGI Grade 2,
Category LB or GC-LB (GM Part
No. ,1052497 or equivalent).
FLUID/LUBRICANT
GM Goodwrench
Motor
Oil
or
API service SG
equivalent
for
EnergyConserving I1 oils of the
“SG”
proper
viscosity.
The
designation may be shown alone or
in combination with others, suchas
~‘SGfCC,”
‘%G/CD,”
or
“SF,SG,CC,” etc, To determine the
preferred viscosity for your vehicle’s
engine,see“EngineOil”inthe
Index.
50/50 mixture of water (preferably
distilled) and goad quality ethylene
glycol base antifreeze(GM Part No.
1052753 or equivalent) conforming
to GM Specification 1825M or
.approved
recycled
coolant
conforming
to
GM specification
1825M.
.
Power Steering
System
GM Hydraulic Power Steering Fluid
(GM Part No. 1052884) or
equivalent.
,
*
Automatic
Transmission
DEXRON~ IIE
Automatic
TransmissionFluid (CM Part No.
-12345881).
Key Lock
Cylinders
Lubricate
Multi-Purpose
with
Lubricant (GM Part No. 12345120),
synthetic SAE 5W-30 engine oil or
siliconelubricant
(GM Part No.
1052276 or 1052277).
Automatic
Transmission
Shift Linkage
Chassis
lubricant
meeting
requirements of NLGI Grade 2,
Category LB or GC-LB (GM Part
No. 1052497 or equivalent).
.
I
USAGE
Chassis
Lubrication
FLUID/LUBRICANT
meeting
lubricant
Chassis
requirements ofNLGIGrade
2,
Category LB. or GC-LB (GM Part
No. 1052497 or equivalent).
USAGE
Hood Latch
Assembly
a. Pivots and
Spring
Anchor
b. Release Pawl
FLUIDlLUBRICANT
a. Engine oil.
Front Wheel
Bearings
Wheelbearinglubricantmeeting
requirements ofNLGIGrade
2,
Category GC or GC-LB (GM Part
No. 1051344 or equivalent).
Rear Axle
(Standard
Differential)
(GM Part No.
Axle
Lubricant
1052271) orSAE 8OW-90 %L-5
Gear Lubricant.
Hood and Door
Hinges
Engine oil or Lubriplate Lubricant
(GM Part No. 1050109).
Rear Axle
(Limited-Slip
Differential)
Axle
Lubricant
(GM
Part
No.
1052271) or S A E 80W-90 GL-5
GearLubricant,andLimited-Slip
DifferentialLubricant Additive (GM
Part No. 1052358) orequivalent
where required. See “Rear Axle” in
the .Index.
Fuel Filler Door
Hinge, Rear
.Compartment
Lid Hinges,
Wagon Tailgate
Hinge, Rear
Folding Seat
Engine oil ox: Lubriplate Lubricatn
(GM’PartNo. 1050109).
Windshield
Washer Solvent
GMOptikleen@WasherSolvent
(GM Part No. 10515.15)
equivalent.
Weatherstrips
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM Part
No. 12345579 or equivalent).
or
b. Chassis lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI Grade 2,
Category LB ‘or GC-LB
(GM Part
No. 12346003 or equivalent).
~~
See “Specifications Chart” in the Index
for
recommended replacement filters, valves and spark
plugs.
315
Maintenance Performed column, insert the,numbers
F
ODOMETER
READING..
.~
I
.
Maintenance Record
I
SERVICED BY
.
DATE
.
MAINTENANCE
PERFORMED
.
I
I
,
.
.-
,.
,
.
'
-,
: :--
-, j _,
.
~.
Maint.enanceRecord
ODOMETER
READINGDATE
.
-
SERVICED.BY
MAINTENANCE
PERFORMED
I
. .
a
Part 8
CustomerAssistance Information
Here you will find out how to contact Buickyou
if need assistance. This Part also tells
you how to obtain service
publications and howto report any safety defects.
Part 8 includes:
CustomerSatisfaction ..............................................................
Customer Assistancefor Hearing/Speech Impaired ........................................
Reporting Safety Defects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ServicePublications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
319
320
321
322
.
Cwtomer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your
STEP ONE -Discuss your problem with a member of
dealer and Buick. Normally, any problems with the sales dealership management. Complaints can often
be
transaction or the operation of yourvehiclewillbequicklyresolvedatthatlevel.Ifthematterhas
already
resolved by your dealer’s Sales or Service Departments. been reviewed with the Sales, Service, or Parts Manager
the owner of the dealership or the General
Sometimes, however, despite the best intentions of all contact
concerned,
misunderstandings
can
occur.
your
IfManager.
concern has not been resolved to your satisfaction, the
following steps should be taken:
319
In order to give your inquiry prompt attention, please
STEP TWO -If after contacting .a member
of
you
,Dealership Management, it appears your problem cannotcall the'toll-freenumber listed above. However, if
'wish to write Buick, write to:
be resolved by the dealership without further help,
, .
.contact the Buick Customer Assistance Center
by
Buick MotorDivision,, Customer Assistance Center
calling 1-800-52 1-7300. In .Canada; contact GM of
902 E. Hamiltou Avenue
Canada Customer Assistance Center in Oshawa by
Flint, MI 48550.
calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854
A listing 'of all Buick Zone Offices and offices,outside
(French).
the U.S. which can assist you canalso be found in the
In Mexico, call 254-17-86.In Puerto Rico orU.S. Virgin
warranty booklet.
Islands, call 1-809-763-13 15. In
all other overseas
When contacting Buick, please remember that your
locations, contactGM International Export Sales- in
problem will likely be resolved in the dealership, using
Canada by calling 1-4 16-644-4 1 12.
the dealership's facilities, equipment and personnel.
For prompt assistance, please have the :following
That is.why we suggest you follow Step One first if you
information available to give the Customer Assistance have a Droblem,
,Representative:
.
'
I
'
,
Your name, address, telephone number
.@ 'Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate
attached to the left top of the instrument .panel 'and
visible through the windshield.)
0 Dealership name and location
,.e Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
Nature of problem
'
320
i
.
Customer Assistance for the Hearing
or Speech Impaired
To assist owners who have hearing difficulties, Buick
has installed special TDD (Telecommunication Devices
'in its Customer Assistance.
for the Deaf) equipment
Center. Any hearing or speech impaired customer who
has access to a TDD aorconventional teletypewriter
(TTY) can communicate with Buick by dialing:
1-800-TD-BUICK. (TDD usersin Canada can dial
1-800-263-3830.)
1
NHTS.A, U S . Department of.Transportation
Washington, .D.C. 20590
You can a1s.oobtain other information aboutmotor
vehicle ,safetyfrom the Hotline.
321
Service Publications
In€ormation on. howto obtain Product Service
.Publications, Subscriptions and Indexes
as described
below i s applicable only in the
fifty U.S. states (and the
District of Columbia) and only for%USand light trucks
,with GVWR less than.10,000’pounds(4 536 kg).
In Canada, information pertainingto Product Service
Bulletins and. Indexes can
be obtained by writing to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Service Publications Department
1908 Colonel SamDr.
Oshawa,’OntarioLlH 8P7
Buick regularly sendsits dea1,ers. useful service bulletins
about Buick products. Buick monitors product
performance in the field.We then prepare bulletins for
servicing our products better.
Now, you can get these
bulletins too.
322
Bulletins cover variQus subjects. Some pertain
to the
proper use and careof your vehicle;Same describe
costly repairs. Others describe inexpensive repairs
may avoid
which, if done on time with the latest parts,
future costly repairs. Some bulletins tell a technician
how to repair a new or unexpected condition. Others
describe a quicker way to-your
fix vehicle.’ They can
help a technician service your vehicle better.
Most bulletins apply to conditions affecting
a small
number of cars or trucks..Your Buick dealer or a
qyalified technician mayhave to determinei.f a .specific
bulletin applies to your vehicle.
You can subscribe to all Buick bulletins. This way you’ll
get themas they come out. You can wait
a while and get
an index to the bulletins. You
can also get individual
bulletins. However, you’ll need the index to identify
them.
.
Subscriptions
What You’ll Find in the Index:
You can subscribe toall Buick Product Service
Publications (PSP’s). This will include bulletins forall
cars soldby Buick andwill not be limitedto PSP’s
applicable to any particular model. When
you buy a
subscription, youwilheceive the PSP’s in periodic
A subscription
mailings, shortly after they come out.
costs U.S. $86.50 ($106.50 including a special binder)
and it entitlesyou to all PSP’s published by Buick
You can purchase a subscription
during the model year.
by sending a checkor money order to Service
Publications, PostOfice Box 1901, Flint,Michigan
48501, along with the order form located in the
following text.You may get additional subscription
ordering forms by calling the toll-free number shown in
the following text.
+ A list of all PSP’s published b.y Buickin a model
year (1989 or later). PSP’s covering all models of
Buick cars are listed in the same index.
Individual PSP’s
+ Ordering information so you can buy the specific
PSP’s you may want.
+‘ Price information for the PSP’s you may want to
bw*
How You Can Get an Index:
Indexes are published periodically. Most
of the PSP’s
which could potentially apply to the most recent Buick
models will be listed in the most recent publication for
that model year. This meansyou may want-towait until
if
the end of the model year before ordering an index,
you are interested in buying PSP’s pertaining
to a
current model year car or truck.
If you don’t wantto buy all thePSP’s issued by Buick
Some PSP’s pertaining to a particular model year
for all models in the model year, you can buy individual vehicle may be published in later years, and these would
PSP’s, such as those which may pertain to a particular
be listed in the later year’s index. When you order an
model. To do this, you will first need to see our index of index for a model year that is not;over
yet’’ we’ll send
PSP’s. It provides a variety of information. Here’s what
you the most recently published issue. Check the
you’ll find in the index and how you can get one:
ordering formfor indexes for earlier model years.
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Part 9
Index
A c c (Ignition Key Position) ........................
74
Adding
Brake Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .262
2 19.222. 257
Coolant ..............................
287
ElectricalEquipment ..........................
Engineoil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .249
260
Power Steering Fluid ..........................
Transmission Fluid ............................
254
261
Windshield Washer Fluid .......................
251
Additives, Engine Oil .............................
Adjustment, Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
27
Adult Safety Belt Usage ............................
AirBag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
253
Aircleaner ......................................
127, 132
Air Conditioner .............................
Air Outlets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126
Alcohol, Driving Under the Influenceof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
Alcohol in Gasoline .....................
. . . . . . . . 243
284
Aluminum Wheels, Cleaning .......................
134
AM Radio Reception .............................
AM Stereo Radio Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
149
Antenna Care ...................................
Antifreeze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257
Antilock Brakes ..................................
166
Antilock Brake System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . 121, 166
Anti-Theft Tips ...................................
72
Anti-Theft Feature. Delco LOCI1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .147
249
Appearance Care ................................
286
Appearance Care and Materials .....................
Armrest.Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Ashtrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110
102. 113
Assist Handles ..............................
134
Audio Systems ..................................
Automatic Air Conditioning System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
64
Automatic Door Locks .............................
Automatic Overdrive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
65
Automatic Pull-Down Feature .......................
78
AutomaticTransmission ...........................
Automatic Transmission Fluid ......................
254
Automatic Transmission Torque Lock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190
256
Axle.Rear .....................................
Baby. Holding a .................................
46
264
Battery ........................................
Battery Cables. Starting With . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206
Battery Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
Blizzard. If You’re Caught In A .....................
193
162
BloodAlcoholLevel .............................
“Blowout”. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224
.Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243
Gasoline Tank. Filling Your . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245
Gate Ajar Light .................................124
GearPositions ................................... 78
Glass Cleaning .................................. 282
Graphic Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
72
Guard Against Theft ..............................
Guide en Francais . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Halogen Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265
204
Hazard Warning Flasher...........................
Haze. Driving in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180
Headlamp Bulb Replacement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265
Headlight High-Low Beam Switch . :................. 90
Head Restraints ................................... 18
Hearing Impaired. Customer Assistance for . . . . . . . . . . . 320
Heater ..................................... 128.. '131
High Speed Shifting WhenYour Engine is Running . . . . . . 79
Highway Hypnosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Hill and Mountain Roads .......................... 186
Hills. Parking on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
Hitches. Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198
Holding a Baby in Your Car ......................... 46
Hood. Opening the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .247
Horn ...........................................
88
Hot Coolant Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Hot Engine. Safety Warnings About . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216
Hydroplaning ...................................179
Ice. Driving on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192
Identification Label. Service Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 287
Identification Number. Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 287
Idling Your Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
If You're Stack: In Sand. Mud.Ice or Snow ........... 239
Ignition Key Positions ............................. 74
Indicator. Turn Signal ..............................89
Indicators. Disc Brake Wear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Indicators. Warning Lights. Gages & .................114
Infant Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .- 4 7
Inflation. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .272
InsideMirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102
Inspection.Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273
InstrumentPanel ................................
113
Interior Cleaning ............ *- ..................-280
Interlock. Brake-Transmission Shift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78. 84
Introduction. How to Use this Manual ................. 10
Jack. Tire ..................................... 224
232
Jacking Up the Car ...............................
Jump Starting ................................... 206
K e y s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Keyless Entry System. Remote ...................... 69
KilometerIndicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Label. Service Parts Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 287'
Lane Change Indicator .............................89
LapBelt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Lap-Shoulder Belt Usage by Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
Leaving Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65.84
Light Bulbs. Replaceable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .294
Light. Safety Belt .............................. 21.27
Light. Turn Signal Indicator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
333
Starting Your Car if the Battery is"Dead" ....... :. . . . . 206
Steam From Hot (Overheated) Engine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .169
Steering in Emergencies ... : .......................
170
SteeringTips ................................... 169
Steering Wheel. Tilt ............................... 88
Steering Without Power Assist ..................... 169
SteireoSoundSystems ............................ 134
111
Storage Armrest .................................
68
Storage Compartment. Wagon .......................
StorageTray .................................... 112
Storing Your Car ................................
264
Stuck. If Your Ignition Key is .......................
75
239
Stuck. If Your Caris ..............................
Subscribing to h i c k Service Publications ............ 323
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint System (SIR) ......... 35
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint System Light . . . . . . . . . 36
Symbols on Road Signs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
Symbols on Your Car .............................. 12
'
Table of Contents ..................................9
Tachometer ..................................... 119
Tamper-Resistant Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Tailgate Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : . 66
Tailgate Release .................................. 66
Taillamp .Bulb Replacement ........................ 267
TapePlayerCare ................................ 148
Temperature, Engine Coolant Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . 122
Theft ........................................... 7 2
Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259
Third Gear, Whento Use ............................. 80
Third Seatback Operation .......................... 19
Tilt Steering Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88
Time. Setting the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137.139.142. 145
Tire Balance ....................................277
Tire Chains .....................................278
Tire. Flat ....................................... 224
TireInflation ....................................272
Tire Inspection and Rotation ..................i .... 273
Tire Quality Grading ............................. 275
Tires .......................................... 271
TiresandWinterDriving
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191
Tires. When to Replace ............................274
Tires. White Sidewall. Cleaning ....................'284
Topstrap ........................................48
Torn Safety Belts ........................ 1 . . . . . . . . 59
Torque Lock (Automatic Transmission) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190
Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.95
Towing Your'Car . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212
Trademarks. GM .................................. 2
Traffic Lights ...................................157
..................................159
Traffic
Officer
Trailer Brakes ................................... 198
Trailer Tbwing ....................................195
Tailgate Remote Release ...........................65
Transmission. Automatic ........................... 78
Transmission Fhid . . . . . . .........................254
TripOdometer ..................................
.
. 114
Turn Signal and Headlight Beam Lever........ i . . . . . . . 88
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator ...............89
Turn Signal Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Trunk Pull-Down Feature ...................... 1 . . . .65
TrunkRelease ...................................65
Twilight Sentinel ................................. 99
'lhisted Safety Belts ...............................
34
Two Children Wearing the Same Safety Belt............ 56
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335
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