M9T Product Manual
SATA 2.5” Hard Disk Drive
September 04, 2013. Rev 1.0
PMM9T-SATA-100736114a
© 2013 Seagate Technology LLC. All rights reserved. Seagate and Seagate Technology are registered
trademarks of Seagate Technology LLC in the United States and/or other countries. Momentus is either a
trademark or registered trademark of Seagate Technology LLC or one of its affiliated companies in the
United States and/or other countries. All other trademarks or registered trademarks are the property of
their respective owners. When referring to drive capacity, one gigabyte, or GB, equals one billion bytes and
one terabyte, or TB, equals one trillion bytes. Your computer’s operating system may use a different
standard of measurement and report a lower capacity. In addition, some of the listed capacity is used for
formatting and other functions, and thus will not be available for data storage. Actual data rates may vary
depending on operating environment and other factors. The export or re-export of hardware or software
containing encryption may be regulated by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and
Security (for more information, visit www.bis.doc.gov), and controlled for import and use outside of the U.S.
Seagate reserves the right to change, without notice, product offerings or specifications.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
USER DEFINITION ..............................................................................................................................1
MANUAL ORGANIZATION ..................................................................................................................1
SATA .................................................................................................................................................2
REFERENCE ........................................................................................................................................2
CHAPTER 2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
DESCRIPTION ..............................................................................................................3
INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................................3
KEY FEATURES ..................................................................................................................................4
STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS ........................................................................................................5
HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS .............................................................................................................5
CHAPTER 3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
SCOPE .............................................................................................................................1
SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................................................6
SPECIFICATION SUMMARY ................................................................................................................6
PHYSICAL SPECIFICATIONS ...............................................................................................................7
LOGICAL CONFIGURATIONS..............................................................................................................7
PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS ......................................................................................................8
POWER CONSUMPTION ......................................................................................................................9
ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................................................10
RELIABILITY SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................................................12
CHAPTER 4
INSTALLATION..........................................................................................................13
4.1
SPACE REQUIREMENTS ....................................................................................................................13
4.2
UNPACKING INSTRUCTIONS.............................................................................................................14
4.3
MOUNTING .......................................................................................................................................14
Orientation......................................................................................................................15
4.3.1
4.3.2
Ventilation ......................................................................................................................16
4.4
CABLE CONNECTORS .......................................................................................................................16
4.4.1
SATA Connectivity ..........................................................................................................17
4.5
DRIVE INSTALLATION ......................................................................................................................21
CHAPTER 5
DISK DRIVE OPERATION........................................................................................22
5.1
HEAD / DISK ASSEMBLY (HDA) ......................................................................................................22
5.1.1
Base Casting Assembly ...................................................................................................22
5.1.2
DC Spindle Motor Assembly...........................................................................................22
5.1.3
Disk Stack Assembly .......................................................................................................24
5.1.4
Head Stack Assembly ......................................................................................................24
5.1.5
Voice Coil Motor and Actuator Latch Assemblies ..........................................................24
5.1.6
Air Filtration System.......................................................................................................24
5.1.7
Load/Unload Mechanism................................................................................................24
5.2
DRIVE ELECTRONICS .......................................................................................................................25
5.2.1
Digital Signal Process and Interface Controller ............................................................25
5.2.2
Disk Controller ...............................................................................................................25
5.2.2.1
5.2.2.2
5.2.2.3
5.2.2.4
5.2.2.5
5.2.2.6
5.2.3
5.2.3.1
5.2.3.2
5.2.3.3
5.2.3.4
5.2.3.5
The Host Interface Control Block .............................................................................................. 27
The Buffer Control Block .......................................................................................................... 27
The Disk Control Block ............................................................................................................. 28
The Disk LDPC Control Block .................................................................................................. 28
Frequency Synthesizer ............................................................................................................... 28
Power Management.................................................................................................................... 29
Read/Write IC .................................................................................................................29
Time Base Generator.................................................................................................................. 29
Automatic Gain Control ............................................................................................................. 29
Asymmetry Correction Circuitry (ASC) .................................................................................... 29
Analog Anti-Aliasing Low Pass Filter ....................................................................................... 30
Analog to Digital Converter (ADC) and FIR ............................................................................. 30
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5.3
SERVO SYSTEM ................................................................................................................................31
5.4
READ AND WRITE OPERATIONS ......................................................................................................31
5.4.1
The Read Channel...........................................................................................................31
5.4.2
The Write Channel ..........................................................................................................32
5.5
FIRMWARE FEATURES .....................................................................................................................32
5.5.1
Read Caching .................................................................................................................32
5.5.2
Write Caching .................................................................................................................33
5.5.3
Defect Management ........................................................................................................34
5.5.4
Automatic Defect Allocation ...........................................................................................34
5.5.5
SMART............................................................................................................................34
5.5.6
APM ...............................................................................................................................34
CHAPTER 6
SATA II INTERFACE .................................................................................................35
6.1
INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................35
6.1.1
SATA Terminology..................................................................................................... ...35
6.2
PHYSICAL INTERFACE .....................................................................................................................37
6.3
SIGNAL SUMMARY ...........................................................................................................................37
6.3.1
Signal Descriptions.........................................................................................................37
6.3.2
I/O Register - Address ....................................................................................................38
6.3.3
Control Block Register Descriptions ..............................................................................38
6.3.3.1
6.3.3.2
6.3.4
6.3.4.1
6.3.4.2
6.3.4.3
6.3.4.4
6.3.4.5
6.3.4.6
6.3.4.7
6.3.4.8
6.3.4.9
6.3.4.10
CHAPTER 7
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
Alternate Status Register (ex. 3F6h) .......................................................................................... 38
Device Control Register (ex. 3F6h)............................................................................................ 39
Command Block Register Descriptions ..........................................................................39
Data Register (Ex. 1F0h)............................................................................................................ 39
Features Register and Feature Extended Register (Ex. 1F1h) .................................................... 39
Sector Number Register and Sector Number Extended Register (Ex. 1F3h) .............................. 39
Error Register (Ex. 1F1h) ........................................................................................................... 39
Sector Count Register and Sector Count Extended Register (Ex. 1F2h) .................................... 40
Cylinder High Register and Cylinder High Extended Register (Ex. 1F5h) ................................ 40
Cylinder Low Register and Cylinder Low Extended Register (Ex. 1F4h) .................................. 40
Command Register (Ex. 1F7h)................................................................................................... 40
Device Register (Ex. 1F6h) ........................................................................................................ 40
Status Register (Ex. 1F7h) ......................................................................................................... 41
SATA II FEATURE SET .............................................................................................42
DEVICE ACTIVITY SIGNAL ..............................................................................................................42
STAGGERED SPIN-UP DISABLE CONTROL .......................................................................................42
AUTO-ACTIVATE IN DMA SETUP FIS ............................................................................................42
NATIVE COMMAND QUEUING (NCQ) .............................................................................................42
PHY EVENT COUNTERS ..................................................................................................................43
SOFTWARE SETTINGS PRESERVATION ............................................................................................44
SATA POWER MANAGEMENT .........................................................................................................44
CHAPTER 8
ATA COMMAND DESCRIPTIONS ..........................................................................45
8.1
COMMAND TABLE ............................................................................................................................45
8.2
COMMAND DESCRIPTIONS...............................................................................................................47
8.2.1
Check Power Mode (E5h)...............................................................................................47
8.2.2
Download Micro Code (92h) ..........................................................................................47
8.2.3
Device Configuration Overlay (B1h) ..............................................................................47
8.2.4
Execute Device Diagnostics (90h) ..................................................................................49
8.2.5
Flush Cache (E7h, EAh: extended).................................................................................49
8.2.6
Format Track (50h) ........................................................................................................49
8.2.7
Identify Device (ECh) .....................................................................................................49
8.2.8
Idle (E3h) ........................................................................................................................55
8.2.9
Idle Immediate (E1h) ......................................................................................................55
8.2.10
Initialize Device Parameters (91h) .................................................................................56
8.2.11
NOP (00h).......................................................................................................................56
8.2.12
Read Buffer (E4h) ...........................................................................................................56
8.2.13
Read DMA (C8h, 25h:extended).....................................................................................56
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8.2.14
8.2.15
8.2.16
8.2.17
8.2.18
8.2.19
8.2.20
8.2.21
8.2.22
8.2.23
8.2.24
8.2.25
8.2.26
8.2.27
8.2.28
8.2.29
8.2.30
8.2.31
8.2.32
8.2.33
8.2.34
8.2.34.1
8.2.34.2
8.2.34.3
8.2.34.4
8.2.34.5
8.2.34.6
8.2.34.7
8.2.34.8
8.2.35
8.2.36
8.2.37
8.2.38
8.2.39
8.2.40
8.2.41
8.2.42
CHAPTER 9
9.1
9.2
9.3
Read FPDMA Queued (60h)...........................................................................................56
Read Log Extended (2Fh) ...............................................................................................57
Read Long (22h) .............................................................................................................57
Read Multiple Command (C4h, 29h:extended)...............................................................57
Read Native Max Address (F8h, 27h :extended) .........................................................58
Read Sector(s) (20h, 24h: extended)...............................................................................58
Read Verify Sector(s) (40h, 41h :extended) ....................................................................58
Recalibrate (10h) ............................................................................................................59
Security Disable Password (F6h) ...................................................................................59
Security Erase Prepare (F3h) .........................................................................................59
Security Erase Unit (F4h)...............................................................................................59
Security Freeze Lock (F5h).............................................................................................60
Security Set Password (F1h)...........................................................................................60
Security Unlock (F2h).....................................................................................................61
Seek (7xh) .......................................................................................................................61
Set Features (EFh)..........................................................................................................61
Set Max Address (F9h, 37h: extended) ...........................................................................63
Set Multiple Mode (C6h).................................................................................................63
Sleep (E6h) .....................................................................................................................63
Standby (E2h) .................................................................................................................63
SMART (B0h)..................................................................................................................64
Smart disable operations (D9h) .................................................................................................. 64
Smart enable/disable attribute auto-save (D2h).......................................................................... 64
Smart enable operations (D8h) ................................................................................................... 65
Smart execute off-line immediate (D4h) .................................................................................... 65
Smart read data (D0h) ................................................................................................................ 66
SMART read log sector (D5h) ................................................................................................... 71
SMART return status (DAh) ...................................................................................................... 71
SMART write log sector (D6h) .................................................................................................. 71
Standby (E2h) .................................................................................................................72
Standby Immediate (E0h)................................................................................................72
Write Buffer (E8h) ..........................................................................................................72
Write DMA (CAh, 35h:extended)....................................................................................72
Write FPDMA Queued (61h) ..........................................................................................72
Write Long (32h).............................................................................................................73
Write Multiple Command (C5h, 39h:extended) ..............................................................73
Write Sector(s) (30h, 34h:extended) ............................................................................73
MAINTENANCE..........................................................................................................75
GENERAL INFORMATION .................................................................................................................75
MAINTENANCE PRECAUTIONS ........................................................................................................75
SERVICE AND REPAIR ......................................................................................................................77
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TABLE OF TABLES
Table 3-1 Specifications ............................................................................................................................6
Table 3-2 Physical Specifications ..............................................................................................................7
Table 3-3 Logical Configurations ..............................................................................................................7
Table 3-4 Performance Specifications .......................................................................................................8
Table 3-5 Power consumption ...................................................................................................................9
Table 3-6 Environmental Specifications ...................................................................................................10
Table 3-7 Reliability Specifications.........................................................................................................12
Table 4-1 SATA Connector Pin Definitions ............................................................................................19
Table 7-1 Phy Event Counter Supports....................................................................................................44
Table 8-1 Command Code Parameters ....................................................................................................46
Table 8-2 Device Configuration Overlay Feature Register Values..........................................................48
Table 8-3 Device Configuration Identify data structure ..........................................................................49
Table 8-4 Diagnostic Codes .....................................................................................................................50
Table 8-5 IDENTIFY DEVICE information ...........................................................................................51
Table 8-6 Automatic Standby Timer Periods...........................................................................................56
Table 8-7 Security password content ......................................................................................................60
Table 8-8 Security Erase Unit Password..................................................................................................61
Table 8-9 Security Set Password data content .........................................................................................61
Table 8-10 Identifier and security level bit interaction ............................................................................62
Table 8-11 Set Features Register Definitions ..........................................................................................63
Table 8-12 Transfer Mode Values ...........................................................................................................63
Table 8-13 Set Max Feature Register Values ..........................................................................................64
Table 8-14 SMART Feature Registers Values.........................................................................................65
Table 8-15 Device SMART Data Structure .............................................................................................67
Table 8-16 SMART Attribute Status Flags..............................................................................................68
Table 8-17 SMART Attribute Data List ..................................................................................................70
Table 8-18 Off-line Data Collection Status Values .................................................................................70
Table 8-19 Self-test Execution Status Values ..........................................................................................71
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SCOPE
CHAPTER 1
SCOPE
Welcome to the SpinpointTM M9T series of SamsungTM hard disk drive. This series of drives consists of the
following models: ST1500LM006, ST1500LM007, ST1500LM010, ST2000LM003, ST2000LM004 and
ST2000LM006. This chapter provides an overview of the contents of this manual, including the intended user,
manual organization, terminology and conventions. In addition, it provides a list of references that might be
helpful to the reader.
1.1
User Definition
The Spinpoint M9T product manual is intended for the following readers:

Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs)

Distributors
1.2
Manual Organization
This manual provides information about installation, principles of operation, and interface command
implementation. It is organized into the following chapters:
 Chapter 1
-
 Chapter 2
 Chapter 3
 Chapter 4
- DESCRIPTION
- SPECIFICATIONS
-
INSTALLATION
 Chapter 5
-
DISK DRIVE OPERATION
SCOPE
 Chapter 6
-
SATA INTERFACE
 Chapter 7
-
MAINTENANCE
In addition, this manual contains a glossary of terms to help you understand important information
Spinpoint M9T Product Manual REV 1.0
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SCOPE
1.3
SATA
The ATA (Advanced Technology Attachment) interface which was developed based on the IDE
(Integrated Drive Electronics) has been around from 1980’s. As the PC processor speed has improved,
so have the data rates of the HDD. The parallel ATA is reaching its limit of 133 MB/s data transfer rate.
Serial implementation of ATA (SATA) will allow the data rate to run even faster so the processor will
be utilized more efficiently. Serial ATA has been developed to provide the next generation storage
interface.
SATA interface replaces 2 inch wide, 40 pin parallel interface connector with 0.25 inch wide 7 pin
serial interface connector. The maximum length of the SATA interface cable can be extended to 1
meter (approximately 39 inches) compared to 18 inch of parallel ATA. SATA also allows a data
transfer speed of 150 MB/s, 300 MB/s, and 600 MB/s. Even though SATA will not directly interface
w i t h P a r a l l e l o r t r a d i t i o n a l A T A (PATA) hardware, it is compliant with ATA protocol and
therefore software compatible. The cable geometry with smaller footprint connector reduces board
space requirements and improves air flow and heat exchange inside computer systems.
SATA uses point to point connection topology and each channel works independently. There is no
sharing of interface, master/slave drive configuration, and no master/slave jumper settings. This is
different from Parallel ATA (PATA) architecture where 2 drives per port are supported by a shared bus
and drives are designated as master or slave drive based on jumper pin or cable selection. Unlike
parallel ATA, SATA drives are hot-plug and hot-swappable.
1.4
Reference
For additional information about the AT interface, refer to:
 ATA-2 (AT Attachment 2), Revision 3, January, 1995
 ATA-3 (Attachment-3 Interface) Revision 7b, 27 January, 1997
 ATA-4 (AT Attachment with Packet Interface Extension) Revision 18, 19 August, 1998
 ATA-5 (AT Attachment with Packet Interface Extension) Revision 3, 29 February, 2000
 ATA-6 (AT Attachment with Packet Interface Extension) Revision 2a, 26 September, 2001
 ATA-7 (AT Attachment with Packet Interface Extension) Revision 1, 28 August, 2002
 ATA-8 (AT Attachment with Packet Interface Extension) Revision 0, 16 September, 2008
For introduction about SATA interface please refer to:
 SATA 1.0 Design Guides, April 5, 2002.
(URL: http:// www.serialdata.org retrieved on May 22, 2003)
 Serial ATA: A comparison with Ultra ATA Technology
(URL: http://www.intel.com retrieved April 18,2003)
 Serial ATA II: Port Multiplier 1.0 Specification, April 29th, 2003.
(URL: http://www.serialdata.org retrieved on May 22, 2003)
Serial ATA International Organization: Serial ATA Revision 3.1, July 18, 2011,
(URL: http://www.serialdata.org)
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DESCRIPTION
CHAPTER 2
DESCRIPTION
This chapter summarizes general functions and key features of the Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive, as well as the
standards and regulations they meet.
2.1
Introduction
The Samsung Spinpoint M9T 2.5-inch hard disk drive is high capacity, high performance random access storage device,
which uses non-removable 2.5-inch disks as storage media. Each disk incorporates thin film metallic media technology
for enhanced performance and reliability. And for each disk surface there is a corresponding movable head actuator
assembly to randomly access the data tracks and write or read the user data.
The Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive includes the AT controller embedded in the disk drive PCB electronics. The drive's
electrical interface is compatible with all mandatory, optional and vendor-specific commands within the ATA
specification.
Drive size conforms to the industry standard 2.5-inch form factor with a SATA 15-pin DC power connector, and the
standard SATA 7-pin Interface connector.
The Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive incorporates TuMR head and Noise Predictive PRML (Partial Response
Maximum Likelihood) signal processing technologies. These advanced technologies allow for areal density of about 950
Gb per square inch and storage capacity of over 667 Gigabytes per disk.
The heads, disk(s), and actuator housing are environmentally sealed within an aluminum-alloy base and cover. As the
disks spin, air circulates within this base and cover, commonly referred to as the head and disk assembly (HDA), through
a non-replaceable absolute filter ensuring a contamination free environment for the heads and disks throughout the life of
the drive.
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DESCRIPTION
2.2
Key Features
Key features of the Spinpoint M9T SATA hard disk drive includes:
 Formatted capacities are 1.5TB and 2TB
 9.5 ± 0.2 mm height form factor
 5400 RPM Class
 12 ms average seek time
 High accuracy rotary voice coil actuator with embedded sector servo
 Support ATA standard PIO Mode 4/DMA Mode 2/Ultra DMA Mode 7
 Serial ATA (SATA) Interface
 Supports SATA interface 6.0 Gbps (3.0 Gbps, 1.5 Gbps) speed
 Native SATA device without using SATA bridge chip
 Support SATA 3.1 and SATA II features
 Asynchronous Signal Recovery (ASR)
 Pin-11 Device Activity Signal (Activity LED)
 Pin-11 Staggered Spin-up Control
 Auto-Activate DMA Setup FIS
 Native Command Queuing with queue depth of 32 (First Party DMA)
 Phy Event Counters
 Software Settings Preservation
 SATA Device Hot Plug Capability
 Device Initiated Power Management
 Supports LBA Addressing modes
 Supports all logical geometries as programmed by the host
 Transparent media defect mapping
 High performance in-line defective sector skipping
 Auto-reassignment
 Automatic error correction and retries
 On-the-fly (OTF) error correction
 Noise predictive PRML read channel
 TA detection and correction
 TuMR/PMR head
 SMART III support
 1MB = 1,000,000 Bytes, 1GB = 1,000,000,000 Bytes
Accessible capacity may vary as some OS uses binary numbering system for reported capacity.
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DESCRIPTION
2.3
Standards and Regulations
The Samsung Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive depends upon its host equipment to provide power and appropriate
environmental conditions to achieve optimum performance and compliance with applicable industry and
governmental regulations. Special attention has been given in the areas of safety, power distribution, shielding,
audible noise control, and temperature regulation.
The Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive satisfies the following standards and regulations:
 Underwriters Laboratory (UL): Standard 1950.
Information technology equipment including business equipment.
 Technisher Überwachungs Verein (TUV): Standard EN 60 950.
Information technology equipment including business equipment.
2.4
Hardware Requirements
The Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive is designed for use with host computers and controllers that are
ATA compatible. It is connected to a PC either by:

Using an adapter board with SATA interface, or

Plugging a cable from the drive directly into a PC motherboard with a SATA interface
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SPECIFICATIONS
CHAPTER 3
SPECIFICATIONS
This chapter gives a detail description of the physical, electrical and environmental characteristics of the Spinpoint M9T
hard disk drive.
3.1
Specification Summary
Table 3-1: Specifications
DESCRIPTION
ST1500LM006 , ST1500LM007 &
ST1500LM010
ST2000LM003, ST2000LM004 &
ST2000LM006
Number of R/W heads
5/6
6
Maximum KBPI
2731
Flexible data TPI
480K
Encoding method
LDPC (low density parity check) encoding
Interface
Actuator type
Servo type
Spindle speed (RPM)
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SATA 6.0 Gbps
(3.0Gbps, 1.5 Gbps)
Rotary Voice Coil
Embedded Sector Servo
5400 RPM Class
6
SPECIFICATIONS
3.2
Physical Specifications
Table 3-2: Physical Specifications
DESCRIPTION
ST1500LM006 , ST1500LM007 &
ST1500LM010
ST2000LM003, ST2000LM004 &
ST2000LM006
Physical dimensions
Length
100.35 +0.2/-0.25mm [3.951+0.008/-0.010 inch]
Width
69.85 ± 0.25 mm [2.75 ± 0.010 inch]
Height
9.5 ± 0.2 mm [0.374 ± 0.008 inch]
Weight (max)
3.3
3-Disk 130 g [0.29 lb]
Logical Configurations
Table 3-3: Logical Configurations
DESCRIPTION
Total Number of logical sectors
Capacity
*
*
ST1500LM006 , ST1500LM007 &
ST1500LM010
2,930,277,168
1.5TBB
ST2000LM003, ST2000LM004 &
ST2000LM006
3,907,029,168
2TB
1MB = 1,000,000 Bytes, 1GB = 1,000,000,000 Bytes
Accessible capacity may vary as some OS uses binary numbering system for reported capacity.
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SPECIFICATIONS
3.4
Performance Specifications
Table 3-4: Performance Specifications
DESCRIPTION
ST1500LM006 , ST1500LM007 &
ST1500LM010
Seek Time (RD/WRT, Typ)
Average seek time
12/14 ms
Track to track seek time
2/4 ms
Full stroke seek time
`
ST2000LM003, ST2000LM004 &
ST2000LM006
Average Latency
22/24 ms
5.6 ms
Data Transfer Rate (Max)
buffer to/from media
169MB/s
host to/from buffer
600 MB/s
Rotational Speed
Startup Time (Typ)
Power on to Drive Ready
Standby to Drive Ready
5400 RPM Class
3.5 sec
2.5 sec
NOTES: Seek time is defined as the time from the receipt of a read, write or seek command until the actuator has
repositioned and settled on the desired track with the drive operating at nominal DC input voltages and
nominal operating temperature.
•
Average seek time is determined by averaging the time to complete 1,000 seeks of random length.
•
Average latency is the time required for the drive to rotate 1/2 of a revolution and on average is incurred after
a seek completion prior to reading or writing user data.
•
Startup time is the time elapsed between the supply voltages reaching operating range and the drive being
ready to accept all commands.
•
Actual rotational speed can be different a little.
•
Performance specification is limited to the room temperature & normal voltage condition.
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SPECIFICATIONS
3.5
Power consumption
Table 3-5: Power consumption
ST1500LM006 , ST1500LM007 &
ST1500LM010
DESCRIPTION
ST2000LM003, ST2000LM004 &
ST2000LM006
Rated
Voltage
V
+5
Current
A
0.85
Power Consumption
Start Up
mA
1000
Low Power Idle
Watt
0.7
Read/Write
Watt
2.3
Seek
Watt
2.0
Stand by
Watt
0.18
Sleep
Watt
0.18
%
+/- 5
Ripple, 0-30MHz
mVp-p
100
Supply Rise Time
us/
msec
10us-100ms
Supply Fall Time
Sec
<5
Power Requirements
Tolerance For + 5V
1)
Random seek: 30% Duty cycle seek commands with logical random location.
2)
Read/Write: Avg. Read/Write operation at OD for 32 sectors.
3)
All the power should be measured at the room temperature and normal voltage condition.
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SPECIFICATIONS
3.6
Environmental Specifications
Table 3-6: Environmental Specifications
DESCRIPTION
ST1500LM006 , ST1500LM007 &
ST1500LM010
ST2000LM003, ST2000LM004 &
ST2000LM006
Ambient Temperature
(Drive temperature measured on position of figure 3-1 on page 11,
should be max 65C in range of 0°C -60°C, specified operation temperature.)
Operating
0°C ~ 60°C
-40°C ~ 70°C
Non-operating
Max. gradient
20°C / 20%/hr
(Temperature/Humidity)
Relative Humidity (non condensing)
Operation
5~90 %
Non-operation
5~95 %
Maximum wet bulb temperature
Operating
30°C
Non-operating
40°C
Altitude (relative to sea level)
Operating
-304.8 m to 3,048 m
Non-operating
-304.8 m to 12,192 m
Vibration
Operating :
10-500 Hz, Random
1.5 Grms
Non-operating :
10-500 Hz, Random
5.85 Grms
Linear Shock (1/2 sine pulse)
Operating
2.0 ms
300G
Non-operating
1.0 ms
900G
Rotational Shock
Operating
2.0 ms
Non-operating
2.0 ms
3K rad/sec 2
30K rad/sec 2
Acoustic Noise
(Typical Sound Power)
Idle
2.5 Bels
Seek
2.7 Bels
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SPECIFICATIONS
3.7
Reliability Specifications
Table 3-7: Reliability Specifications
DESCRIPTION
ST1500LM006 , ST1500LM007 &
ST1500LM010
Recoverable Read Error
Non-Recoverable Read Error
MTBF (POH)
ST2000LM003, ST2000LM004 &
ST2000LM006
<10 in 1011 bits
<1 sector in 1014 bits
550,000 hours
MTTR (Typical)
5 minutes
Load/Unload Cycles
Ambient
600,000
Figure 3-1: Recommended Case Temperature Measurement Position
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INSTALLATION
CHAPTER 4
INSTALLATION
This chapter describes how to unpack, mount, configure and connect a Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive.
It also describes how to install the drive in systems.
4.1
Space Requirements
Refer to Figure 4-2 on page 15.
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INSTALLATION
4.2
Unpacking Instructions
(1) Open the shipping container of the Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive.
(2) Lift the packing assembly that contains the drive out of the shipping container.
(3) Remove the drive from the packing assembly. When you are ready to install the drive, remove it from
the ESD (Electro Static Discharge) protection bag. Take precautions to protect the drive from ESD
damage after removing it from the bag.
CAUTION: During shipment and handling, the anti-static ESD protection bag
prevents electronic component damage due to electrostatic discharge.
To avoid accidental damage to the drive, do not use a sharp instrument to
open the ESD protection bag.
(4) Save the packing material for possible future use.
4.3
Mounting
Refer to your system manual for complete mounting details.
(1) Be sure that the system power is off.
(2) For mounting, use four M3 screws.
CAUTION: Torque applied to the screws is recommended to
be 3.5 [kg* cm] ±0.5 (3.0 [inch *pounds] ± 0.5)
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INSTALLATION
4.3.1
Orientation
Figure 4-2 shows the physical dimensions and mounting holes located o n each side of the drive. The
mounting holes on Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive allow the drive to be mounted in any direction.
Figure 4-2: Mounting Dimensions
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INSTALLATION
4.3.2
Ventilation
The Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive is designed to operate without the need of a cooling fan provided the
ambient air temperature does not exceed 60ºC. Any user-designed cabinet must provide adequate air
circulation to prevent exceeding the maximum temperature.
4.4
Cable Connectors
The Interface/Power connector consists of two cables; a SATA 15-pin DC power connector, and the
standard SATA 7-pin Interface connector.
4.4.1 SATA Connectivity
The SATA interface is connected within a point to point configuration with the SATA host port. There is
no master or slave relationship within the devices. Thus SATA does not require master/slave jumper. The
drive interface section of the host adapter employs a new design which processed data into a serial datacontrol system.
Figure 4.4 illustrates the connection for the SATA.
There are two cables for SATA drives. One is for data transmission. The other is for power. Figure 4-4
illustrates (a) device signal plug connector, (b) device power plug connector, (c) signal cable receptacle
connector mating with (a), and (d) power cable receptacle connector to be mated with (b). For more
information, please refer to SATA Specifications cited in the reference.
.
Figure 4-4
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Serial ATA Connector
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INSTALLATION
Computer mainboard or Serial ATA host adapter
Figure 4-5 Connectivity t o Drives
Figure 4-5 illustrates Connectivity of SATA to drives. It can be used with a SATA host adapter (lower
picture) or directly into motherboard that has the SATA built-in host bus adapter (upper picture).
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INSTALLATION
SATA Device Connector Definition
Please note that all pins are in a single row, with a 1.27 mm (50 mil) pitch diameter. There are three
power pins for each voltage source. One pin from each voltage is utilized for pre-charge when installed in
a blind- mate backplane configuration.
The notes on the mating sequence apply to the case of backplane blind mate connector.
When the drive is inserted, the ground pins and the pre-charge pins are in contact first followed by the
remaining pins.
Table 4-1 lists the signals connection on the SATA interface and power connector. It is based on SATA 1.0a
Specifications. Note that pin numbers is designated from the pin farthest from power segment.
Table 4-1 SATA Connector Pin Definitions
Data Signal
Connector
Power
Management
Pin
*S1
S2
S3
*S4
S5
S6
*S7
Key and spacing separate
signal and power segment
P1
P2
*P3
*P4
*P5
*P6
*P7
P8
P9
*P10
P11
*P12
*P13
P14
P15
Function
Definition
Ground
Rx+
RxGround
TxTx+
Ground
Ground
Differential Signal pair
Differential Signal pair
Ground
Differential Signal Pair
Differential Signal pair
Ground
V33
V33
V33
Ground
Ground
Ground
V5
V5
V5
Ground
Device Activity
/ Stagger Spin-Up
Ground
V12
V12
V12
3.3 v
3.3 v
3.3 v
Ground
Ground
Ground
5v
5v
5v
Ground
This pin was reserved in SATA 1.0a
Control
Ground
12 v
12 v
12 v
* First Mate
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INSTALLATION
SATA-Bus Interface Connector
The SATA-Bus interface connector on the drive connects the drive to an SATA host bus adapter or an
on- board SATA adapter in the computer. Figure 4.6 illustrates the power, SATA, and factory use only
jumper. Figure 4.7 shows pin locations on the SATA drive.
Figure 4-6 HDD Power, SATA Interface, and Factory Jumper Connector
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INSTALLATION
4.5
Drive Installation
The Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive can be installed in a SATA compatible system
Figure 4-8 indicates the interface and power cable connections required for proper drive installation.
Figure 4-8 DC Power Connector and SATA-Bus Interface Cable Connections
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CHAPTER 5
DISK DRIVE OPERATION
This chapter describes the operation of the Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive functional subsystems. It is
intended as a guide to the operation of the drive, rather than a detailed theory of operation.
5.1
Head / Disk Assembly (HDA)
The Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive consists of a mechanical sub-assembly and a printed circuit board
assembly (PCBA), as shown in Figure 5-1. This section describes the mechanism of the drive.
The head / disk assembly (HDA) contains the mechanical sub-assemblies of the drive, which are sealed
between the aluminum-alloy base and cover. The HDA consists of the base casting assembly (which
includes the DC spindle motor assembly), the disk stack assembly, the head stack assembly, and the rotary
voice coil motor assembly (which includes the actuator latch assembly). The HDA is assembled in a clean
room. These subassemblies cannot be adjusted or field repaired.
CAUTION: To avoid contamination in the HDA, never remove or adjust its cover
and seals. Disassembling the HDA voids your warranty.
The Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive models and capacities are distinguished by the number of heads and
disks. The ST2000LM003, ST2000LM004 and ST2000LM006 have three (3) disks and s i x (6) read/write
heads. The ST1500LM006, ST1500LM007 and ST1500LM010 have three (3) disks and f i ve/ s i x (5/6)
read/write heads.
5.1.1
Base Casting Assembly
A one piece, aluminum-alloy base casting provides a mounting surface for the drive mechanism and PCBA.
The base casting also serves as the flange for the DC spindle motor assembly. A gasket provides a seal
between the base and cover castings that enclose the drive mechanism.
5.1.2
DC Spindle Motor Assembly
The DC spindle motor assembly consists of the brush-less three-phase motor, spindle bearing (FDB)
assembly, disk mounting hub, and a labyrinth seal. The entire spindle motor assembly is completely
enclosed in the HDA and integrated to the base casting. The labyrinth seal prevents bearing lubricant from
coming out into the HDA. The motor rotates the spindle shaft at 5400 rpm.
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Figure 5-1: Exploded Mechanical View
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5.1.3
Disk Stack Assembly
The disk stack assembly in the Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive consists of 3 disks and disk spacers secured on
the hub of the spindle motor assembly by a disk clamp. The glass disks have a sputtered thin-film magnetic
coating.
5.1.4
Head Stack Assembly
The head stack assembly consists of an E-block/coil sub-assembly, read/write heads, a flexible circuit, and
bearings. The E-block/coil sub-assembly is assembled with an E-block and bonded coil. Read/write heads are
mounted to spring-stainless steel flexures that are then swage mounted onto the E-block arms.
The flexible circuit connects the read/write heads with the PCBA via a connector through the base casting.
The flexible circuit contains a read/write Preamplifier IC.
5.1.5
Voice Coil Motor and Actuator Latch Assemblies
The rotary voice coil motor consists of upper and lower permanent magnets and magnetic yokes fixed to the
base casting and a rotary bonded coil on the head stack assembly. Each magnet consists of two
alternating poles and is attached to the magnet yoke. Pawl latch and rubber crash stops mounted on a
magnetic yoke physically prevent the head(s) from moving beyond the designed inner boundary into the
spindle or off the disk surface. Current from the power amplifier induces a magnetic field in the voice coil.
Fluctuations in the field around the permanent magnets move the voice coil so that heads can be positioned in
the requested cylinder.
5.1.6
Air Filtration System
Heads fly very close to the disk surfaces. Therefore, it is very important that air circulating within the drive
be maintained free of particles. HDAs are assembled in a purified air environment to ensure cleanliness
and then sealed with a gasket. To retain this clean air environment, the Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive is
equipped with a re-circulating filter, which is located in the path of the airflow close to the rotating disk and
is designed to trap any particles that may develop inside HDA.
5.1.7
Load/Unload Mechanism
Portable computer is exposed to heavy handling environment comparing with desk top computer. Load/Unload
mechanism provides to protect data loss caused by head hitting to disk due to the abnormal shock and vibration
in the transportation and handling. When power is shut down, head will move to parking position on the ramp.
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5.2 D r i v e Electronics
The Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive attains its intelligence and performance through the specialized
electronic components mounted on the PCBA. The components are mounted on one side of the PCBA.
The Preamplifier IC is the only electrical component that is not on the PCBA. It is mounted on the flexible
circuit inside the HDA. Locating the Preamplifier IC as close as possible to the read/write heads via surface
mount technology improves the signal to noise ratio.
5.2.1
Digital Signal Process and Interface Controller
The DSP core controller has a dual ARM CPU that incorporates a true 32-bit digital signal processor (DSP),
a bus controller unit (BCU), an interrupt controller unit (ICU), a general purpose timer (GPT), and SRAM.
5.2.2
Disk Controller
The AT disk controller works in conjunction with the DSP core to perform the ATA interface control, buffer
data flow management, disk format/read/write control, and error correction functions of an embedded disk
drive controller. The DSP communicates with the disk controller module by reading from and writing to its
various internal registers.
To the DSP core, the registers of the disk controller appear as unique memory or I/O locations that are
randomly accessed and operated upon. By reading from and writing to the registers, the DSP core initiates
operations and examines the status of the different functional blocks. Once an operation is started, successful
completion or an error condition may cause the disk controller to interrupt the DSP core, which then examines
the status registers of the disk controller and determines an appropriate course of action. The local DSP core
may also poll the device to ascertain successful completion or error conditions.
Figure 5-2 illustrates the relationships between the various blocks within the AT disk controller. These
blocks will be referred to throughout this document.
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CPU System
Disk Preamp
Motor Control
Buffer Control Block
Format Sequencer &
Read Channel
Host Interface Block
SATA Host Bus (6 Gbps)
Disk Controller
DDR
Figure 5-2: Spinpoint M9T Functional Block Diagram
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5.2.2.1
The Host Interface Control Block
The SATA Disk Controller provides direct interface to an SATA bus. It is compatible with ATA 7 Specs. It
provides a means for the host to access the Task File registers used to control the transfer of data between
host memory and the disk drive.
The SATA Host Interface Control block can be programmed to execute various host read/write commands either
completely automatically without any DSP intervention, semi-automatically with minimal DSP intervention, or
manually with the aid of the DSP.
The Disk Controller has significant advances in ATA automation. The highlights of ATA automation includes:
 Automatic data transfer management for multi-sector Read/Write commands without DSP
intervention.
 Automatic execution of read commands (Auto-Read command execution) for cached data in the
buffer by matching the first sector.
 Automatic Task File registers updates during automatic multi-sector transfers.
 Automatic NCQ queue tag validation
Additional functionality is provided in the Host Interface Block by the following features:

Support for PIO modes 0 through 4.

Support for multiword DMA modes 0 through 2.

Support for synchronous DMA (UDMA) transfer mode 0 through 7. (Mode 7 is referring to 150 MB/S)

Support for First Party DMA (FDMA) for NCQ commands.
5.2.2.2
The Buffer Control Block
The Buffer Control block manages the flow of data into and out of the buffer. Significant automation allows buffer
activity to take place automatically during read/write operations between the host and the disk. This automation
works together with automation within the Host Interface Control and Disk Control blocks to provide more
bandwidth for the local microprocessor to perform non-data flow functions.
The buffer control circuitry keeps track of buffer full and empty conditions and automatically works with the Disk
Control block to stop transfers to or from the disk when necessary. In addition, transfers to or from the host are
automatically stopped or started based on buffer full or empty status.
Additional functionality is provided in the Buffer Control block through the following features:

Increased automation to support minimal latency read operations with minimal latency.

Capability to support the execution of multiple consecutive Auto-Write commands without
loss of data due to overwriting of data.

Auto write pointer.

A disk sector counter that can monitor the transfers between the disk and buffer.

Read/Write cache support.
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5.2.2.3
The Disk Control Block
The Spinpoint M9T Disk Control block manages the flow of data between the disk and the buffer. It is capable of
performing completely automated track read and write operations at a maximum data rate of 800 Mb/s in byte wide
NRZ mode. Many flexible features and elements of automation have been incorporated to complement the
automation contributed by the Host and Buffer blocks.
The Disk Control block consists of the programmable sequencer (Disk Sequencer), CDR/data split logic, disk FIFO,
fault tolerant sync detect logic, and other support logic.
The programmable sequencer contains a 32-by-4 byte programmable SRAM and associated control logic, which is
programmed by the user to automatically control all single track format, read, and write operations. From within the
sequencer micro program, the Disk Control block can automatically deal with such real time functions as defect
skipping, servo burst data splitting, branching on critical buffer status and data compare operations. Once the Disk
Sequencer is started, it executes each word in logical order. At the completion of the current instruction word, it
either continues to the next instruction, continues to execute some other instruction based upon an internal or
external condition having been met, or it stops.
During instruction execution or while stopped, registers can be accessed by the DSP to obtain status
information reflecting the Disk Sequencer operations taking place.
5.2.2.4
The Disk LDPC Control Block
The Disk Control Block supports a programmable LDPC code. Error detection and correction is handled in
the Disk Control block. Automatic on-the-fly hardware correction will take place. Correction is guaranteed to
complete before the parity bits of the sector following the sector where the error occurred utilizing standard
ATA size sectors.
5.2.2.5
Frequency Synthesizer
The frequency synthesizer is a clock frequency generation circuit used to generate a DSP clock, AT disk
controller and servo clock from the External Reference clock input.
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5.2.2.6
Power Management
Power management features are incorporated into each block of the Spinpoint M9T. This allows the designer
to tailor the amount of power management to the specified design. Other power management features include:
 Independent power management control for each block.
 DSP block powered down and up when needed.
 Disk Sequencer and associated disk logic powered up when the Disk Sequencer is started.
 Weak pull-up structure on input pins to prevent undesirable power consumption due to
floating CMOS inputs.
5.2.3
Read/Write IC
The Read/Write IC, shown in Figure 5-3 provides read/write-processing functions for the drive. The
Read/Write IC receives the Read GATE and Write GATE signals, write data, and servo AGC and gates from the
Interface Controller. The Read/Write IC sends decoded read data and the read reference clock. It receives
write data from the Interface Controller.
The 88C10010 which is embedded in 88i1022 is a sampled-data digital PRML channel designed to work with a
disk controller and a read/write preamplifier to provide the signal processing elements required to build a state of
the art high density, high speed disk drive. The 88C10010 implements a noise predictive, PRML Viterbi read
channel (supporting) zone-bit recording,
The read/write channel functions include a time base generator, AGC circuitry, asymmetry correction circuitry
(ASC), analog anti-aliasing low-pass filter, analog to digital converter (ADC), digital FIR filter, timing recovery
circuits, Viterbi detector, sync mark detection, Iterative code ENDEC, serializer and de-serializer, and write precompensation circuits. Servo functions include servo data detection and PES demodulation. Additionally the
88C10010 contains specialized circuitry to perform various parametric measurements on the processed read signal.
This allows for implementation of self-tuning and optimization capability in every drive built using the 88C10010.
A 12-bit NRZ interface is provided to support high speed data transfers and from the controller.
Programming of the 88C10010 is performed through a serial interface. The serial interface is also used to read
various channel parameters that are computed on the fly.
5.2.3.1
Time Base Generator
The time base generator provides the write frequency and serves as a reference clock to the synchronizer
during non-read mode.
5.2.3.2
Automatic Gain Control
The AGC accepts a differential signal from the pre-amp, and provide constant output amplitude to the analog
filter. It’s capable of accepting signal ranges from 50 mV to 400mVppd.
5.2.3.3
Asymmetry Correction Circuitry (ASC)
The ASC circuit is designed to correct for amplitude asymmetry introduced by MR heads. The compensation
range of this circuit is +/-30%. This circuit allows optimal bias current to be used independent of the
asymmetry effect.
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5.2.3.4
Analog Anti-Aliasing Low Pass Filter
The 5 th order equal-ripple analog filter provides filtering of the analog signal from AGC before it’s being
converted to digital signal with the ADC. Its main function is to avoid aliasing for the ADC circuit.
5.2.3.5
Analog to Digital Converter (ADC) and FIR
The output of the analog filter is quantified using a 6 bit FLASH ADC. The digitized data is then equalized by
the FIR to the NPV target response for Viterbi detection. The FIR filter consists of 10 independent
programmable taps.
Figure 5-3: Read/Write 88C10010
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5.3 Servo System
The Servo System controls the position of the read/write heads and holds them on track during read/write
operations. The Servo System also compensates for MR write/read offsets and thermal offsets between heads on
different surfaces and for vibration and shock applied to the drive.
The Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive is an Embedded Sector Servo System. Positioning information is radially
located in evenly spaced servo sectors on each track.
Radial position information can be provided from these sectors for each data head. Because the drive incorporates
multiple data zones and each zone has a different bit density, split data fields are necessary for optimal use of the
non-servo area of the disk. The servo area remains phase-coherent across the surface of the disk, even though the
disk has various data zones. The main advantage of the Embedded Sector Servo System is that it eliminates the
problems of static and dynamic offsets between heads on different surfaces. The Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive
Servo System is classified as a digital servo system because track-following and seek control, bias cancellation, and
other typical tasks are done in a Digital Signal Processor (DSP).
The Servo system has three modes of operation: track-following mode, settle mode, and velocity control mode.
1.
Track-following mode is used when heads are “on-track.” This is a position loop with an
integrator in the compensation.
2.
Settle mode is used for all accesses; head switches, short-track seeks and long-track seeks.
Settle mode is a position loop with velocity damping. Settle mode does not use feed forward.
3. Velocity control mode is used for acceleration and deceleration of the actuator for seeking of
two or more tracks. A seek operation of this length is accomplished with a velocity control
loop. The drive’s ROM stores the velocity profile in a look-up table.
5.4 Read and Write Operations
The following two sections describe the read and write channels.
5.4.1
The Read Channel
The drive has one read/write head for each of the data surfaces. The signal path for the Read Channel starts at the
read/write heads. When the magnetic flux transitions recorded on a disk pass under the head, they generate lowamplitude, differential output voltages. The read/write head transfers these signals to the flexible circuit’s amplifier,
which amplifies the signal.
The flexible circuit transmits the pre-amplified signal from the HDA to the PCBA. The EPRML channel on the
PCBA shapes, filters, detects, synchronizes, and decodes the data from the disk. The Read/Write IC then sends the
resynchronized data output to the 88i1022 DSP & Interface/Disk Controller.
The 88i1022 Disk Controller manages the flow of data between the Data Synchronizer on the Read/Write IC and
its AT Interface Controller. It also controls data access for the external RAM buffer. The ENDEC of 88C10010
decodes the LDPC with post-processor format to produce a serial bit stream. This NRZ (Non Return to Zero) serial
data is converted to 12-bits.
The Sequencer module identifies the data as belonging to the target sector. After a full sector is read, the
88i1022 checks to see if the firmware needs to apply an ECC algorithm to the data. The Buffer Control section of
the 88i1022 stores the data in the cache and transmits the data to the AT bus.
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5.4.2
The Write Channel
The signal path for the Write Channel follows the reverse order of that for the Read Channel. The host transmits
data via the AT bus to the 88i1022 Interface Controller. The Buffer Controller section of the 88i1022 stores the
data in the cache. Because the data is transmitted to the drive at a rate that exceeds the rate at which the drive can
write data to the disk, data is stored temporarily in the cache. Thus, the host can present data to the drive at a rate
independent of the rate at which the drive can write data to the disk.
Upon correct identification of the target address, the data is shifted to the Sequencer, which generates and appends
an error correcting code. The Sequencer then converts the bytes of data to a serial bit stream. The AT controller
also generates a preamble field, inserts an address mark, and transmits the data to the ENDEC in the R/W IC where
the data is encoded into the LDPC format and pre-compensates for non-linear transition shift. The amount of
write current is set by the 88i1022 DSP and Interface/Disk Controller through the serial interface to the
preamplifier.
The 88i1022 switches the Preamplifier and Write Driver IC to write mode and selects a head. Once the
Preamplifier and Write Driver IC receives a write gate signal, it transmits current reversals to the head, which
writes magnetic transitions on the disk.
5.5 Firmware Features
This section describes the following firmware features:

Read Caching

Write Caching

Track Skewing

Defect Management

Automatic Defect Allocation

ECC Correction

SMART (Self-monitoring and reporting technology)

ATA security mode features

ATA host protected area

ATA streaming features

ATA power up in stand by feature set

ATA advanced power management (APM) feature set

ATA device configuration overlay (DCO) feature set
5.5.1
Read Caching
The Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive uses Read Cache to enhance drive performance and significantly improve
system throughput. Use the SET FEATURES command to enable or disable Read Caching. Read caching
anticipates host-system requests for data and stores that data for faster future access. When the host requests a
certain segment of data, the cache feature utilizes a prefetch strategy to get the data in advance and automatically
read and store the following data from the disk into fast RAM. If the host requests this data, the RAM is accessed
rather than the disk.
There is a high probability that subsequent data requested will be in the cache, because more than 50 percent of all
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disk requests are sequential. It takes microseconds rather than milliseconds to retrieve this cached data. Thus Read
Caching can provide substantial time savings during at least half of all disk requests. For example, Read Caching
could save most of the disk transaction time by eliminating the seek and rotational latency delays that prominently
dominate the typical disk transaction.
Read Caching operates by continuing to fill its cache memory with adjacent data after transferring data requested
by the host. Unlike a non-caching controller, the 88i1022 Interface Controller continues a read operation after
the requested data has been transferred to the host system. This read operation terminates after a programmed
amount of subsequent data has been read into the cache memory.
The cache memory consists of a sync DRAM buffer allocated to hold the data. It can be directly accessed
by the host by means of read and write commands. The unit of data stored is the logical block, or a multiple of the
512-byte sector. Therefore, all accesses to cache memory must be in multiples of the sector size. The following
commands empty the cache:

IDENTIFY DRIVE (ECh)

FORMAT TRACK (50h)

EXECUTE DRIVE DIAGNOSTIC (90h)

READ LONG (23h)

WRITE VERIFY (3Ch)

INITIALIZE DEVICE PARAMETER (91h)

SLEEP (99h, E6h)

STANDBY IMMEDIATELY (94h, E0h)

READ BUFFER (E4h)

WRITE BUFFER (E8h)

WRITE SAME (E9h)
5.5.2
Write Caching
Write caching improves both single and multi-sector write performance by reducing delays introduced by
rotational latency. When the drive writes a pattern of multiple sequential data, it stores the data to a cache
buffer and immediately sends a COMMAND COMPLETE message to the host before it writes the data to the
disk.
The data is then written collectively to the drive thereby minimizing the disk seeking operation. Data is
held in cache no longer than the maximum seek time plus rotational latency.
If the data request is random, the data of the previous command is written to the disk before COMMAND
COMPLETE is posted for the current command. Read commands work similarly. The previous write is
allowed to finish before the read operation starts.
If a defective sector is found during a write, the sector is automatically relocated before the write
occurs. This ensures that cached data that already has been reported as written successfully gets written,
even if an error should occur.
If the sector is not automatically relocated, the drive drops out of write caching and reports the error as an ID
Not Found. If the write command is still active on the AT interface, the error is reported during that command.
Otherwise, it is reported on the next command.
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5.5.3
Defect Management
The Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive media is scanned for defects. After defect scanning, the defective sectors
are saved in the defect list. A defect encountered in the manufacturing process is slipped to the next physical
sector location. All logical sector numbers are pushed down to maintain a sequential order of data. The
read/write operation can “slip” over the defective sectors so that the only performance impact is idle time.
5.5.4
Automatic Defect Allocation
The automatic defect allocation feature automatically maps out defective sectors encountered during read sector
or write sector operations. These types of defective sectors are typically caused by grown defects. During write
operations, if write errors are encountered, all sectors within the target servo frame are mapped out. Original
data is transferred and written into designated reserved sector areas determined by the HDD firmware.
5.5.5
SMART
The intent of Self-monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology (SMART) is to protect user data and to
minimize the likelihood of unscheduled system downtime that may be caused by unpredictable degradation
and/or device fault. By monitoring and storing critical performance and calibration parameters, SMART
devices attempt to predict the likelihood of near-term degradation or fault condition. Providing the host
system knowledge of a negative reliability condition allows the host system to warn the user of
the impending risk of a data loss and advise the user of appropriate action.
5.5.6
APM
The Automatic Power Management (APM) feature set is an optional feature set that allows the host to select a
power management level. The power management level is specified using a scale from the lowest power
consumption setting to the maximum performance level. Device performance may increase with increasing
power management levels. Device power consumption may increase with increasing power management levels.
This feature is enabled by the Set Features command.
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CHAPTER 6
6.1
SATA II INTERFACE
Introduction
The Spinpoint M9T disk drive is equipped with an industry standard SATA Interface fully supports and
enhances PC mass storage requirements. The SATA interface conforms to the Serial ATA standards in Cabling,
in Physical Signals, and in Logical Programming schemes. The Spinpoint M9T disk drive joins the industry
premiere VLSI circuitry with ingenious programming skill that does not compromise performance or
reliability. Seagate integrates and delivers the cutting edge in technology. Samsung Spinpoint M9T SATA class
disk drives are designed to relieve and to enhance the I/O request processing function of system drivers.
6.1.1
SATA Terminology
The following contains some commonly proposed terminology used in SATA
technology.
BACKCHANNEL-A term used to describe or refer to the transmit same-side of SATA interface, when
the scope of the paragraph is addressing the receive interface. For example, when discussing the receive
SATA interface on the device side, the term “backchannel” would be used to describe the transmit interface
on the device side.
CHARACTER ALIGNMENT-Character alignment is a receiver action that resets the character boundary
to that of the comma sequence found in the K28.5 control character of the ALIGN primitive, and
establishes Dword synchronization of the incoming serial data stream.
CHARACTER SLIPPING-Character slipping is the receiver action that realigns the receiver’s clock to
the received bit stream by adding or removing bit times within the characters of the ALIGN primitive.
CODE VIOLATION- A code violation is an error that occurs in the reception process as a result of (1)
a running disparity violation or (2) an encoded character that does not translate to a valid data or
control character or (3) an encoded character that translates to a control character other than K28.5 or K28.3
in byte 0 of a Dword or (4) an encoded character that translates to any control character (valid or invalid)
in bytes 1-3 of a Dword.
COMMA CHARACTER- A comma character is a control character, that when encoded, contains
the comma sequence. In Serial ATA the only comma character used is K28.5, and only the ALIGN
primitive contains the comma character. The comma sequence is the first seven bits of the encoded character.
COMMA SEQUENCE- The comma sequence is a seven-bit sequence of 0011111 or 1100000 in an
encoded stream. The comma sequence is unique in that it appears only in a single encoded character, and
furthermore, cannot appear in any subset of bits in adjacent encoded characters. This unique property
allows the comma sequence to be used for determining alignment of the received data stream.
COMRESET / COMINIT- Host: Signal from the out of band detector that indicates the COMINIT out
of band signal is being detected.
CONTROL CHARACTER- A control character is a combination of a byte value with the control
variable equal to K.
CONTROL VARIABLE-The control variable, Z, is a flag that determines the code set to be used to
interpret a data byte. The control variable has the value D (for data characters) or K (for control characters).
CRC-In Serial ATA a 32-bit CRC is calculated over the contents of a FIS. The Serial ATA CRC is the Dword in
a frame that immediately precedes the EOF primitive.
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DATA CHARACTER-A data character is a combination of a byte value with the control variable equal to D.
DWORD-A Dword is thirty-two (32) bits of data. A Dword may be represented as 32 bits, as two adjacent
words, or as four adjacent bytes. When shown as bits the least significant bit is bit 0 and most significant bit is
bit 31. The most significant bit is shown on the left. When shown as words the least significant word (lower)
is word 0 and the most significant (upper) word is word 1. When shown as bytes the least significant byte is
byte 0 and the most significant byte is byte 3.
DWORD SYNCHRINIZATION-The state in which a receiver has recognized the comma sequence and is
producing an aligned data stream of Dwords (four contiguous bytes) from the zero-reference of the comma
character.
ENCODED CHARACTER-An encoded character is the output of the 8b/10b encoder – the result of
encoding a character. An encoded character consists of 10 bits, where bit 0 is the most significant bit and bit
9 is the least significant. The bits in an encoded character are symbolically referred to as “abcdeifghj” where
“a” corresponds to bit 0 and “j” corresponds to bit 9.
ELASTICITY BUFFER-The elasticity buffer is a portion of the receiver where character slipping and/or
character alignment is performed.
FIRST PARTY DMA ACCESS -First-party DMA access is a method by which a device accesses host
memory.
FIRST PARTY DMA MODE (FPDMA) - A device which is operating in First-party DMA mode uses Firstparty DMA as a primary communications method between the host and the device. A software driver uses
legacy mode commands to place the device into First-party DMA mode of operation. The legacy-mode
command places the device into the First-party DMA mode of operation and the command protocol used between
a device and host when in First-party DMA mode are not specified by this specification.
FIRST DATA PHASE- The FPDMA Data Phase is the period from the reception of a DMA Setup FIS until
either the exhaustion of the associated data transfer count or the assertion of the ERR bit in the shadow Status
register.
FIS-Stands for Frame Information Structure.
FRAME UNFIORMATION STRUCTURE-The user payload of a frame, does not include the SOF, CRC,
and EOF delimiters.
Frame-A frame is an indivisible unit of information exchanged between a host and device. A frame consists
of a SOF primitive, a Frame Information Structure, a CRC calculated over the contents of the FIS, and an
EOF primitiveLEGACY MODE-Legacy m o d e is the mode of operation w h i c h provides s of tw a re -transparent
communication of commands and status between a host and device using the ATA Command Block and
Control Block registers.
LEGAL CHARACTER-Legal character is one for which there exists a valid decoding, either into the data
character or control character fields. Due to running disparity constraints not all 10-bit combinations result in a
legal character. Additional usage restrictions in Serial ATA result in a further reduction in the SATA
defined control character space.
OOB SIGNAL DETECTOR-This block decodes Out of Band signal from the high speed input signal path.
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PRIMITIVE-A primitive is a single Dword of information that consists of a control character in byte 0
followed by three additional data characters in bytes 1-3.
SHADOW REGISTER BLOCK REGISTERS-Shadow Register Block registers are interface registers used
for delivering commands to the device or posting status from the device.
SQUELCH-This block establishes a limit so that detection of a common mode signal can be properly
accomplished.
WORD-A word is sixteen (16) bits of data. A word may be represented as 16 bits or as two adjacent bytes.
When shown as bits the least significant bit is bit 0 and most significant bit is bit 15. The most significant bit
is shown on the left. When shown as bytes the least significant byte (lower) byte is byte 0 and the most
significant byte (upper) byte is byte 1.
6.2
Physical Interface
For information please consult the document entitled “Serial ATA: High Speed Serialized AT Attachment
Revision 3.1” released on July 18, 2011 available from the Internet http://www.serialata.org/. Section 6 of
the document contains physical layer specifications related topics.
6.3
Signal Summary
For details, please consult the document entitled “Serial ATA: High Speed Serialized AT Attachment
Revision 3.1” released on July 18, 2011 available from http://www.serialata.org/
6.3.1
Signal Descriptions
For data packets and additional information please consult the document entitled “Serial ATA: High Speed
Serialized AT Attachment Revision 3.1” released on July 18, 2011 available from http://www.serialata.org/.
A device can operate in either of two addressing modes, CHS or LBA, on a command-by-command basis.
The CHS mode is supported for legacy command access only. The task file registers contains the Cylinder,
Head, and Sector information of a requested location. Because the disk drive has its own mapping, the CHS
mode is translated into disk drive physical address by the HDD firmware. There is no direct relationship of
the CHS that can be accessed from the host.
This CHS term defines the addressing mode of the device as being by physical sector address. The physical
sector address is made up of three fields: the sector number, the head number and the cylinder number.
Sectors are numbered from 1 to a device specific maximum value, which cannot exceed 255. Heads are
numbered from 0 to a device specific maximum value, which cannot exceed 15. Cylinders are numbered
from 0 to a device specific maximum value, which cannot exceed 65,535. Typically, sequential access to the
media is accomplished by treating the sector number as the least significant portion, the head number as the
mid portion, and the cylinder number as the most significant portion of the CHS address.
In LBA mode the sectors on the device are assumed to be linearly mapped with an initial definition of: LBA
0 = (Cylinder 0, head 0, and sector 1). Irrespective of translate mode geometry set by the host, the LBA
address of a given sector does not change:
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6.3.2
I/O Register - Address
The communication to or from drive is through the SATA interface. To the host system the SATA drive
emulates a parallel ATA drive. As such, the following registers are not accessed directly host to drive. The
registers are set through the Serial Interface.
The Control Block registers are used for drive control and to post-alternate status. I/O port function and its
selection address are tabulated.
I/O registers
Command Block registers
When read
When written
Data
Data
Error
Features Current
Features Previous
Sector Count Current
Sector Count Current
Sector Count Previous
Sector Count Previous
LBA Low Current
LBA Low Current
LBA Low Previous
LBA Low Previous
LBA Mid Current
LBA Mid Current
LBA Mid Previous
LBA Mid Previous
LBA High Current
LBA High Current
LBA High Previous
LBA High Previous
Device
Device
Status
Command
Control Block registers
Alternate Status
Device Control
6.3.3
Control Block Register Descriptions
6.3.3.1
Alternate Status Register (ex. 3F6h)
This register contains the same information as the Status register in the Command Block register. The only
difference is that reading this register does not imply interrupt acknowledgment nor does it clear a pending
interrupt.
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
BSY
DRDY
#
#
DRQ
Obsolete
Obsolete
ERR
NOTE: See 6.3.4.10 for definitions of the bits in this register.
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6.3.3.2
Device Control Register (ex. 3F6h)
The bits in this register are as follows:
•
•
•
•
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
HOB
R
R
R
R
SRST
nIEN
0
0
HOB is the High Order Byte used for host to access the Extended Registers in the 48-bit LBA mode
SRST is the host software reset bit. The drive is held reset when this bit is set. If two disk drives are
daisy chained on the interface, this bit resets both simultaneously.
nIEN is the enable bit for the drive interrupt to the host. When nIEN=0, and the drive is selected,
INTRQ is enabled through a tri-state buffer. When nIEN=1, or the drive is not selected, the INTRQ signal
is in a high impedance state.
R is for reserved
6.3.4
6.3.4.1
Command Block Register Descriptions
Data Register (Ex. 1F0h)
This 16-bit register is used to transfer data blocks between the device data buffer and the host. It is also
the register through which sector information is transferred on a Format Track command. Data transfers
may be either PIO or DMA.
6.3.4.2
Features Register and Feature Extended Register (Ex. 1F1h)
This register is command specific and used to enable and disable features of the interface (e.g., by the
Set Features command to enable and disable caching). The Feature Extended Register contains the upper
byte of the Feature Register.
6.3.4.3
Sector Number Register and Sector Number Extended Register (Ex. 1F3h)
In CHS mode this register contains the starting sector number for any disk data access for the subsequent
command. The sector number is from 1 to the maximum number of sectors per track. In LBA mode
this register contains bits 0-7 of the LBA. The Sector Number Extended Register is for bits 25-31 of the
48-bit LBA. See the command descriptions for the contents of the register at command completion (whether
successful or unsuccessful).
6.3.4.4
Error Register (Ex. 1F1h)
This register contains status from the last command executed by the drive or a Diagnostic Code.
At the completion of any command except Execute Drive Diagnostic, the contents of this register are valid
when ERR=1 in the Status register.
Following a power-on, a reset, or completion of an Execute Drive Diagnostic command, this register contains a
Diagnostic Code.
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
#
#
#
#
#
ABRT
#
#
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•
ABRT (Aborted Command) indicates the requested command has been aborted due to a
drive status error (Not Ready, Write Fault, etc.) or because the command code is invalid.
•
# Indicates the content of this bit is command dependent.
NOTE: Unused bits are cleared to zero.
6.3.4.5
Sector Count Register and Sector Count Extended Register (Ex. 1F2h)
This register contains the number of sectors of data requested to be transferred on a read or write operation
between the host and the drive. In 28-bit addressing, if the value in this register is zero, a count of 256 sectors
is specified. In 48-bit addressing, the Sector Count Register is the low order byte of the 16-bit sector count
value and the Sector Count Extended Register is the high order byte of the 16-bit sector count value.
If this register is zero at command completion, the command was successful. If not successfully completed,
the register contains the number of sectors, which need to be transferred in order to complete the request.
The contents of this register may be defined otherwise on some commands (e.g., Initialize Drive Parameters
command, Format Track command).
6.3.4.6
Cylinder High Register and Cylinder High Extended Register (Ex. 1F5h)
In CHS mode the Cylinder High Register contains the high order bits of the starting cylinder address for any
disk access. In LBA mode the Cylinder High Register contains bits 16-23 of the LBA. The Cylinder High
Extended Register contains bits 40-47 of the 48-bit LBA.
At the end of the command, this register is updated to reflect the current disk address. The most significant
bits of the cylinder address are loaded into the Cylinder High register.
6.3.4.7
Cylinder Low Register and Cylinder Low Extended Register (Ex. 1F4h)
In CHS mode the Cylinder Low Register contains the low order 8 bits of the starting cylinder address for any
disk access. In LBA mode the Cylinder Low Register contains bits 8-15 of the LBA. The Cylinder Low
Extended Register contains bits 32-39 of the 48-bit LBA. At the end of the command, this register is updated
to reflect the current disk address.
6.3.4.8
Command Register (Ex. 1F7h)
This register contains the command code being sent to the drive. Command execution begins immediately
after this register is written. The executable commands, the command codes, and the necessary parameters for
each command are listed.
6.3.4.9
Device Register (Ex. 1F6h)
This register contains the drive and head numbers. When executing an Initialize Drive Parameters command,
the content of this register defines the number of heads minus 1.
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Obsolete
LBA
Obsolete
DEV
#
#
#
#
Spinpoint M9T Product Manual REV 1.0
39
•
•
•
•
DEV is reserved.
Bit0-bit3 is defined for the binary coded address of the head to be selected in CHS mode (e.g. if H3
through HS0 are 0011b, respectively, then head 3 will be selected). HS3 is the most significant bit. In
28 bit LBA mode bit0-3 HS3 contains bits 24-27 of the LBA. After command completion, this register
is updated to reflect the currently selected disk address.
LBA is to select the Logical Block Addressing Mode. When LBA=0, disk addressing is by CHS mode.
When LBA=1, disk addressing is by LBA mode. This bit was set to zero when the ATA drive didn’t
support LBA mode.
6.3.4.10
Status Register (Ex. 1F7h)
This register contains the drive status. The contents of this register are updated at the completion of each
command. When BSY is cleared, the other bits in this register become valid within 400 nsec. If BSY=1, no
other bits in this register are valid. If the host reads this register when an interrupt is pending, it is considered
to be the interrupt acknowledge. Any pending interrupt is cleared whenever this register is read.
•
•
•
•
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
BSY
DRDY
#
#
DRQ
Obsolete
Obsolete
ERR
B S Y (Busy) is set whenever the drive has access to the Command Block registers. The host
should not access the Command Block registers when BSY=1. When BSY=1, a read of any
Command Block register returns the contents of the Status register.
D R D Y (Drive Ready) indicates that the drive is capable of responding to a command. When
there is an error, this bit does not change until the host reads the Status register. Then the bit
again indicates the current readiness of the drive. This bit clears at power-on and remains clear
until the drive is ready to accept the command.
D R Q (Data Request) indicates that the drive is ready to transfer a word or byte of data between
the host and the drive.
E R R (Error) indicates that an error occurred during execution of the previous command. The
bits in the Error register have additional information regarding the cause of the error.
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CHAPTER 7
SATA II FEATURE SET
This section describes the SATA II feature set supported in the Samsung Spinpoint M9T drive.
7.1
Device Activity Signal
Spinpoint M9T implemented the Device Activity Signal on the SATA power connector pin-11. The
implementation is based on the SATA II specification. This activity signal is used for indicating the drive
activities, including the queued and non-queued commands. For the host can use this signal to indicate the
command activity.
7.2
Staggered Spin-up Disable Control
Spinpoint M9T implemented the staggered spin-up disable control by using the SATA power connector pin11. This pin is multiplexed with the Device Activity Signal support. On power up this pin is used for the spinup control. After the device is connected with the host, this pin is used for the Device Activity.
Before the device spins up its media, devices that support staggered spin-up disable control shall detect
whether pin 11 is asserted low by the host. If pin 11 is asserted low the device shall disable staggered spin-up
and immediately initiate media spin-up. If pin 11 is not connected in the host (floating), devices that support
staggered spin-up disable through pin 11 shall enable staggered spin-up.
7.3
Auto-Activate in DMA Setup FIS
Spinpoint M9T implemented the option for the Auto-Activate in DMA Setup FIS. With this feature enabled,
the DMA Setup FIS is automatically activated. This automation help improve the efficiency of the DMA data
transfer. This feature can be enabled by the SATA Set Feature command.
If the Set Feature is not issued, the DMA Setup FIS is not automatically activated.
7.4
Native Command Queuing (NCQ)
Spinpoint M9T supports the NCQ feature of the SATA II command interface. The NCQ feature is unique in
the SATA II implementation which helps device improve the system performance. The implementation is
fully compliant with the SATA II specification.
The drive implements the NCQ with its proprietary hardware and firmware to enhance the command
performance. The NCQ hardware automatically receives the NCQ commands from the host. The hardware
verifies the duplication of the tag number and report tag duplicated error immediately. The automation of the
hardware and firmware handles the NCQ command from its reception to the reordering and command
execution. The drive intelligent firmware is capable of sorting the physical address of the incoming
commands and decides the execution order for the best performance.
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If the NCQ command is executed with error, the drive will report the error information from the Read Log
Extended log page 10h. This is special log page for the NCQ command error reporting. The details of the error
information are defined in the SATA II specification.
When the commands of queue and non-queue are mixed, the Spinpoint M9T drive will report command error.
This will ensure the queue sequence is correctly received.
Two ATA commands are added for this NCQ support: Read FPDMA Queued (60h)
Write FPDMA Queued (61h)
The Set Device Bits (SDB) FIS is also used for indicating the completed NCQ command(s). The bits in this FIS
signify the completed tag. This SDB FIS is used for reporting error when there is a problem read or write to the
disk.
7.5
Phy Event Counters
Spinpoint M9T implemented the SATA II Phy Event Counter option. This command utilizes the Read Log
Extended command page 11h to report the counter of the SATA interface physical events.
Table 7-1 Phy Event Counter Supports
Identifier
(Bits 11:0)
000h
001h
002h
003h
004h
005h
006h
007h
008h
009h
00Ah
00Bh
00Dh
00Fh
010h
012h
013h
Mandatory/
Optional
Supported
Mandatory
Mandatory
Optional
Optional
Optional
Optional
Optional
Optional
Optional
Optional
Mandatory
Optional
Optional
Optional
Optional
Optional
Optional
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Spinpoint M9T Product Manual REV 1.0
Description
No counter value; marks end of counters in the page
Command failed due to an ICRC error
Data FIS R_ERR ending status (transmitted and received)
Data FIS R_ERR ending status (transmitted only)
Data FIS R_ERR ending status (received only)
Non-data FIS R_ERR ending status (transmitted and received)
Non-data FIS R_ERR ending status (transmitted only)
Non-data FIS R_ERR ending status (received only)
Non-data FIS retries (transmitted)
Transitions from drive PhyRdy to drive PhyNRdy
Signature D2H Register FISes sent due to a COMRESET
CRC errors within the FIS (received)
Non-CRC errors within the FIS (received)
Data FIS R_ERR ending status due to CRC errors (received)
Data FIS R_ERR ending status due to non-CRC errors (received)
Non-data FIS R_ERR ending status due to CRC errors (received)
Non-data FIS R_ERR ending status due to non-CRC errors
(received)
42
7.6
Software Settings Preservation
Spinpoint M9T supports SATA II Software Settings Preservation requirements. The settings of the following
items will be preserved across device receiving of COMRESET. This will ensure the device operates on the
intended settings even if the COMRESET is received. A SATA bus may generates COMRESET on an
Asynchronous Signal Loss (ASL) case which may be caused by noise on the bus. The Software Settings
Preservation feature can ensure the device continuing its operation on the ASL event.
The settings preserved are as list:
 Initialize Device Parameters
 Power Management Feature Set
 Security Mode State
o Security Freeze Lock
o Security Unlock
 Set Address Max (Ext)
 Set Features
o Write Cache
o Set Transfer Mode
o Read Look-Ahead
 Set Multiple Mode
7.7
SATA Power Management
Spinpoint M9T supports SATA power management from the SATA I and SATA II specifications. The SATA
power management is designed to conserve interface power usage when the bus is not active. There are two
power management requests: PM Partial and PM Slumber. These two states can be requested by either the host
or the device. When entering the Partial state, the device is required to exit to normal state in 10 us, while the
exit from Slumber state is limited to 10 ms.
The device will respond to the host PM requests and enter the PM mode when requested. The host may request
the PM Partial or PM Slumber at and end of command execution.
The device will also issues PM request when this feature is enabled by the host. The host enables the PM
feature by a Set Feature command with proper feature data. After the feature is enabled, the device will make a
PM request when entering the Standby or Sleep modes.
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CHAPTER 8
8.1
ATA COMMAND DESCRIPTIONS
Command Table
Commands are issued to the drive through SATA interface, by way of a Command Packet. This table list
commands supported by the Spinpoint M9T HDD. Extended commands are unique to the 48-bit Address
feature set.
Table 8-1 Command Code Parameters
Command
Parameter Used
Class
DESCRIPTION
CODE
1
1
1
Check Power Mode
Download Micro code
Device Configuration
Overlay
Execute Device
Diagnostic
Flush Cache
Flush Cache Extended
Format Track *3
Initialize Device
Parameters *3
Identify Device
Idle
Idle Immediate
NOP
Read Buffer
Read DMA
Read DMA Extended
Read FPDMA Queued
Read Log Extended
Read Long *3
Read Multiple
Read Multiple Extended
Read Native Max Address
Read Native Max Address
Extended
Read Sector(s)
Read Sector(s) Extended
E5h
92h
B1h
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
FE
SC
LL
LM
LH
y
DE
SC
LL
LM
LH
Pre
Pre
Pre
Pre
y
90h
E7h
EAh
50h
91h
ECh
E3h
E1h
00h
E4h
C8h
25h
60h
2Fh
22h
C4h
29h
F8h
27h
20h
24h
Spinpoint M9T Product Manual REV 1.0
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
44
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
Read Verify *3
Read Verify Extended *3
Recalibrate *3
Security Disable Password
Security Erase Prepare
Security Erase Unit
Security Freeze Lock
Security Set Password
Security Unlock
Seek *3
Set Features
Set Max Address
Set Max Address
Extended
Set Multiple Mode
Sleep
SMART
Standby
Standby Immediate
Write Buffer
Write DMA
Write DMA Extended
Write FPDMA Queued
Write Log Extended
Write Multiple
Write Multiple Extended
Write Sector(s)
Write Sector(s) Extended
40h
41h
10h
F6h
F3h
F4h
F5h
F1h
F2h
70h
EFh
F9h
37h
C6h
E6h
B0h
E2h
E0h
E8h
CAh
35h
61h
3Fh
C5h
39h
30h
34h
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
Legend:
LH = LBA High
LM = LBA Middle
LL = LBA Low
DE = Device register
FE = Feature register
SC = Sector Count register
Pre = Previous
y The register contains a valid parameter for this command.
Type 1 is ATA-7 commands; type 2 is SATA II commands
*3 It is created for compatibility reason.
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8.2 Command Descriptions
8.2.1
Check Power Mode (E5h)
This command checks the power mode.
If the drive is in, going to, or recovering from the Standby Mode, the drive sets BSY, sets the Sector Count
register to 00h, clears BSY, and generates an interrupt.
If the drive is in the Idle Mode, the drive sets BSY, sets the Sector Count register to FFh, clears BSY, and
generates an interrupt.
8.2.2
Download Micro Code (92h)
This command enables the host to alter the drive’s Micro-code.
vendor specific.
8.2.3
The data transferred using this command is
Device Configuration Overlay (B1h)
The Device Configuration Overlay feature set allows a utility program to modify some of the optional
commands, modes, and feature sets that a device reports as supported in the Identify Device command
response as well as the capacity reported.
Individual Device Configuration Overlay feature set commands are
identified by the value placed in the Features register. The following table illustrates these features.
Table 8-2 Device Configuration Overlay Feature Register Values
Value
C0h
C1h
C2h
C3h
00h-BFh,C4h-FFh
Command
Device Configuration Restore
Device Configuration Freeze Lock
Device Configuration Identify
Device Configuration Set
Reserved
The Device Configuration Restore command disables any setting previously made by a Device.
The Device Configuration Freeze Lock command prevents accidental modification of the Device
Configuration Overlay settings. After successful execution of a Device Configuration Freeze Lock Command, all
Device Configuration Set, Device Configuration Freeze Lock, Device Configuration Identify command, and
Device Configuration Restore commands shall be aborted by the device. The Device Configuration Freeze Lock
condition will be cleared only after a power-down.
The Device Configuration Identify command returns a 512 byte data structure via PIO data-in transfer.
The
content of this data structure indicates the selectable commands, modes, and feature sets that the device is capable
of supporting. Should a Device Configuration Set command be issued reducing the capabilities, the response to a
Device Configuration Identify command will reflect the reduced set of capabilities accordingly.
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The Device Configuration Set command allows a device manufacturer or a PC manufacturer to reduce the set of
optional commands, modes, or feature sets supported by a device as indicated by a Device Configuration Identify
command. The Device Configuration Set Command transfers an overlay that modifies some of the bits in words
63, 82, 83, 84, and 88 of the Identify Device command. When the bits in these words are cleared, the device shall
no longer support the indicated command, mode, or feature set. If a bit is set in the overlay transmitted by the
device that is not set in the overlay received from a Device Configuration Identify command, then no action is
taken for that bit. Modifying the maximum LBA of the device also changes the address value returned by a Read
Native Max Address, or Read Native Max Address Ext command.
Table 8-3 Device Configuration Identify data structure
Word
0
1
2
3-6
7
8
9
10-191
192-254
255
Content
Data structure revision
Multiword DMA modes supported
15-3
Reserved
2
1 = Reporting support for Multiword DMA mode 2 and below is allowed
1
1 = Reporting support for Multiword DMA mode 1 and below is allowed
0
1 = Reporting support for Multiword DMA mode 0 is allowed
Ultra DMA modes supported
15-7
Reserved
6
1 = Reporting support for Ultra DMA mode 6 and below is allowed
5
1 = Reporting support for Ultra DMA mode 5 and below is allowed
4
1 = Reporting support for Ultra DMA mode 4 and below is allowed
3
1 = Reporting support for Ultra DMA mode 3 and below is allowed
2
1 = Reporting support for Ultra DMA mode 2 and below is allowed
1
1 = Reporting support for Ultra DMA mode 1 and below is allowed
0
1 = Reporting support for Ultra DMA mode 0 is allowed
Maximum LBA
Command set/feature set supported
15-14
Reserved
13
1 = Reporting support for SMART Conveyance self-test is allowed
12
1 = Reporting support for SMART Selective self-test is allowed
11
1 = Reporting support for Forced Unit Access is allowed
10
Reserved
9
1 = Reporting support for Streaming feature set is allowed
8
1 = Reporting support for 48-bit Addressing feature set is allowed
7
1 = Reporting support for Host Protected Area feature set is allowed
6
Reserved
5
1 = Reporting support for READ/WRITE DMA QUEUED commands is allowed
4
1 = Reporting support for Power-up in Standby feature set is allowed
3
1 = Reporting support for Security feature set is allowed
2
1 = Reporting support for SMART error log is allowed
1
1 = Reporting support for SMART self-test is allowed
0
1 = Reporting support for SMART feature set is allowed
Serial ATA command /feature set supported
15-5
Reserved
4
1 = Reporting support for software settings preservation
3
1 = Reporting support for asynchronous notification (reserved)
2
1 = Reporting support for interface power management
1
1 = Reporting support for non-zero buffer offsets in DMA Setup FIS (reserved)
0
1 = Reporting support for native command queuing
Reserved for serial ATA
Reserved
VU
Integrity word
15-8
Checksum
7-0
Signature
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8.2.4
Execute Device Diagnostics (90h)
This command performs the internal diagnostic tests implemented by the drive. The Diagnostic Code written
to the Error register is a unique 8-bit code.
Table 8-4 Diagnostic Codes
Code
8.2.5
Description
01h
No error detected
02h
Formatter device error
03h
Sector buffer error
04h
ECC circuitry error
05h
Controlling microprocessor error
Flush Cache (E7h, EAh: extended)
This command is used by the host to request the drive to flush the write cache. If write is to be flushed, all data cached
will be written to the media. The BSY bit will remain set to one until all data has been successfully written or error
occurs.
8.2.6
Format Track (50h)
This command is obsolete in the ATA7 specification. The supporting of this command is for backward
compatibility purpose.
8.2.7
Identify Device (ECh)
The Identify Device command enables the host to receive parameter information from the device. When the
command is issued, prepares to transfer the 256 words of device identification data to the host, sets the DRQ
bit, clears the BSY bit, and generates an interrupt. The host can then transfer the data by reading the Data
register. The parameter words in the buffer have the arrangement and meanings defined. All reserved bits or
words will remain to be zero.
Some parameters are defined as a group of bits. A word which is defined as a set of bits is transmitted with
the indicated bits on the respective data bus bit (e.g., bit 15 appears on DD15).
Other parameters are defined as a sixteen-bit value. A word which is defined as a sixteen bit value places the
most significant bit of the value on bit DD15 and the least significant bit on bit DD0.
Some parameters can be defined as a 32-bit value (e.g., words 57 and 58). Such fields are transferred using
two word transfers. The device first transfers the least significant bits, bits 15 through 0 of the value, on bits
DD15 through DD0 respectively. After the least significant bits have been transferred, the most significant
bits, bits 31 through 16 of the value, are transferred on DD15 through DD0 respectively.
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Some parameters are defined as a string of ASCII characters. For the string “Copyright,” the character ‘C’ is
the first byte, ‘o’ is the 2nd byte, etc. When such fields are transferred, the order of transmission is:
 1st character (‘C’) is on bits DD15 through DD8 of the first word
 2nd character (‘o’) is on bits DD7 through DD0 of the first word
 3rd character (‘p’) is on bits DD15 through DD8 of the second word
 4th character (‘y’) is on bits DD7 through DD0 of the second word, etc.
Table 8-5 IDENTIFY DEVICE information
Word
Content
0
0040h
1
2
3
4-5
6
7-8
9
10-19
20
21
22
23-26
27-46
XXXXh
0
00XXh
0
003Fh
0
0
47
8010h
48
4000h
49
2F00h
50
51
52
53
4000h
0200h
0200h
0007h
0000h
4000h
0004h
Description
General configuration bit-significant information:
15
0=ATA device, set to 0
14-8
Retired
7
1=removable media device, set to 0
6
1=not removable controller and/or device, set to 1
5-3
Retired
2
Reserved
1
Retired
0
Reserved
Number of logical cylinders
Reserved
Number of logical heads
Retired
Number of logical sectors per logical track
Reserved for CFA
Retired
Serial number (20 ASCII characters, 0 = not specified)
Retired
Retired
Number of ECC bytes (Device native length is selected via set feature command.)
Firmware revision (8 ASCII characters)
Model number (40 ASCII characters)
15-8
80h
7-0
Maximum number of sectors that shall be transferred per interrupt on
READ/WRITE MULTIPLE commands
Reserved
Capabilities
15-14 Reserved
13
1=Standby timer values as specified in this standard are supported
0=Standby timer values shall be managed by the device
12
Reserved
11
1=IORDY supported
0=IORDY may be supported
10
1=IORDY may be disabled
9
LBA supported
8
DMA supported
7-0
Retired
Capabilities
PIO data transfer cycle timing mode (Obsolete)
DMA data transfer cycle timing mode (Obsolete)
15-3
Reserved
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Word
Content
54
55
56
57-58
XXXXh
XXXXh
XXXXh
XXXXh
59
0XXXh
60-61
62
XXXXh
0000h
63
XX07h
64
0003h
65
0078h
66
0078h
67
0078h
68
0078h
69-79
71-74
0000h
0000h
75
001fh
76
1F06h
77
0000h
78
004Ch
79
0040h
Description
2
1=the fields reported in word 88 are valid
1
1=the fields reported in words 64-70 are valid
0
1=the fields reported in words 54-58 are valid (Obsolete)
Number of current logical cylinders (Obsolete)
Number of current logical heads (Obsolete)
Number of current logical sectors per track (Obsolete)
Current capacity in sectors, Word 57 specifies the low world of the capacity (Obsolete)
Current Multiple setting. Bit assignments
15-9
Reserved
8
1=Multiple sector setting is valid
7-0
xxh=Current setting for number of sectors
Total number of user addressable sectors (LBA mode only)
Obsolete
Multiword DMA Transfer Capability
15-8
Multiword DMA transfer mode select
7-0
Multiword DMA transfer modes supported (support mode 0 , 1 and 2)
Flow Control PIO Transfer modes supported
15-8
Reserved
7-0
PIO modes supported (‘11b’ = PIO Mode 3 and 4 Supported)
Minimum Multiword DMA transfer cycle time per word
15-0
Cycle time in nanoseconds (120ns, 16.6MB/S)
Manufacturer’s recommended Multiword DMA transfer cycle time
15-0
Cycle time in nanoseconds (120ns, 16.6MB/S)
Minimum PIO transfer cycle time without flow control
15-0
Cycle time in nanoseconds (120ns, 16.6MB/S)
Minimum PIO transfer cycle time with IORDY flow control
15-0
Cycle time in nanoseconds (120ns, 16.6MB/S)
Reserved
Reserved
Queue depth
15-5
Reserved
4-0
Maximum queue depth-1
Serial ATA capabilities
15-11 Reserved
10
Supports Phy event counters
9
Supports receipt of host-initiated interface power management requests
8
Supports native command queuing
7-1
Supports Serial ATA signaling speed (3:6Gbps, 2:3Gbps, 1:1.5Gbps)
0
Reserved (cleared to 0)
Reserved for future Serial ATA definition
Serial ATA feature supported
15-7
Reserved
6
Supports software settings preservation
5
Reserved
4
Supports in-order data delivery
3
Supports device supports initiating interface power management
2
Supports DMA Setup Auto-Activate optimization
1
Supports non-zero buffer offsets in DMA Setup FIS
0
Reserved (set to 0)
Serial ATA feature enabled
15-7
Reserved
6
Software settings preservation enabled
5
Reserved
4
In-order data delivery enabled
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Word
Content
80
01FFh
81
0028h
82
746Bh
83
7F69h
84
6123h
Description
3
Device initiating interface power management enabled
2
DMA Setup Auto-Activate optimization enabled
1
Non-zero buffer offsets in DMA Setup FIS enabled
0
Reserved (set to 0)
Major version number
15-0
ATA-1, ATA-2, ATA-3 and ATA/ATAPI-4, 5, 6, 7
Minor version number
15-0
ATA/ATAPI-7 X3T13 1532D revision 0
Command set supported.
15
Obsolete
14
1=NOP command supported
13
1=READ BUFFER command supported
12
1=WRITE BUFFER command supported
11
Obsolete
10
1=Host Protected Area feature set supported
9
1=DEVICE RESET command supported
8
1=SERVICE interrupt supported
7
1=Release interrupt supported
6
1=Look-ahead supported
5
1=Write cache supported
4
1=supports PACKET Command feature set
3
1=Power Management feature set supported
2
1=Removable Media feature set supported
1
1=Security Mode feature set supported
0
1=SMART feature set supported
Command sets supported.
15
Shall be set to zero
14
Shall be set to one
13
1=FLUSH CACHE Ext supported
12
1=Mandatory FLUSH CACHE command supported
11
1=Device Configuration Overlay features supported
10
1=48 bit address feature supported
9
Reserved
8
1=SET MAX Security feature supported
7
1=Set Address Offset Reserved Area Boot, INCITS TR27:2001
6
1=SET FEATURES subcommand required to spin-up after power-up.
5
1=Power up standby feature set supported
4
1=Removable media status notification feature set supported
1=Advanced Power Management feature set supported
3
2
1=CFA feature set supported
1
1=READ/WRITE DMA QUEUED supported
0
1=DOWNLOAD MICROCODE command supported
Command set/feature supported extension.
15
Shall be set to 0
14
Shall be set to 1
13
1=IDLE IMMEDIATE with UNLOAD FEATURE supported
12
Reserved for technical report
11
Reserved for technical report
10
1=URG bit supported for WRITE STREAM DMA EXT and WRITE STREAM
EXT
9
1=URG bit supported for READ STREAM DMA EXT and READ STREAM
EXT
8
64-bit World wide name supported
7
1=Write DMA Queued FUA Ext command supported
6
1=Write DMA FUA Ext and Write Multiple FUA Ext command supported
5
1=General purpose logging feature set supported
4
1=Streaming feature set supported
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Word
Content
85
7469h
86
BC41h
87
6123h
Description
3
1=Media Card Pass Through command feature set supported
2
1=Media serial number supported
1
1=SMART self-test supported
0
1=SMART error logging supported
Command set/feature enabled. (The default manufacturing setting is as below)
15
Obsolete
14
1=NOP command enabled
13
1=READ BUFFER command enabled
12
1=WRITE BUFFER command enabled
11
Obsolete
10
1=Host Protected Area feature set enabled
9
1=DEVICE RESET command enabled
8
1=SERVICE interrupt enabled
7
1=Release interrupt enabled
6
1=Look-ahead enabled
5
1=Write cache enabled
4
1=PACKET Command feature set enabled (Should be cleared to 0)
3
1=Power Management feature set enabled
2
1=Removable Media feature set enabled
1
1=Security Mode feature set enabled
0
1=SMART feature set enabled
Command set/feature enabled.
15-14 Reserved
13
1=FLUSH CACHE EXT command supported
12
1=FLUSH CACHE command supported
11
1=Device Configuration Overlay features supported
10
1=48 bit address feature supported
9
Reserved
8
1=SET MAX security feature enabled by SET MAX SET PASSWORD
7
1=Set Address Offset Reserved Area Boot, INCITS TR27:2001
6
1= SET FEATURES subcommand required to spin-up after power-up.
5
1=Power-Up Standby feature set enabled
4
1=Removable media status notification feature set enabled
3
1=Advanced Power Management feature set enabled
2
1=CFA feature set enabled
1
1=READ/WRITE DMA QUEUED supported
0
1=DOWNLOAD MICROCODE command supported
Command set/feature default.
15
Shall be set to 0
14
Shall be set to 1
13
1=IDLE IMMEDIATE with UNLOAD FEATURE supported
12
Reserved for technical report
11
Reserved for technical report
10
1=URG bit supported for WRITE STREAM DMA EXT and WRITE STREAM
EXT
9
1=URG bit supported for READ STREAM DMA EXT and READ STREAM
EXT
8
64-bit World wide name supported
7
1=WRITE DMA QUEUED FUA EXT command supported
6
1=WRITE DMA FUA EXT and WRITE MULTIPLE FUA EXT command
supported
5
General Purpose logging feature set supported
4
1=Valid CONFIGURATION STREAM command has been executed
3
1=Media Card Pass Through command feature set enabled
2
1=Media serial number is valid
1
1=SMART self-test supported
0
1=SMART error logging supported
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Word
Content
88
007Fh
89
90
91
92
93
95
96
97
98-99
100-103
104
105
106
107
108
0000h
0000h
0080h
FFFEh
0000h
0000h
0000h
0000h
0000h
xxxxh
0000h
0000h
4000h
109
xxxxh
110
111
112-115
116
117-118
119-126
127
128
xxxxh
xxxxh
xxxxh
0000h
xxxxh
0000h
0000h
0021h
xxxxh
Description
Ultra DMA transfer modes
15-8
Current active Ultra DMA transfer mode
15
Ultra DMA mode 7
14
Ultra DMA mode 6
13
Ultra DMA mode 5
12
Ultra DMA mode 4
11
Ultra DMA mode 3
10
Ultra DMA mode 2
9
Ultra DMA mode 1
8
Ultra DMA mode 0
7-0
Ultra DMA transfer mode is supported
7
Ultra DMA mode 7
6
Ultra DMA mode 6
5
Ultra DMA mode 5
4
Ultra DMA mode 4
3
Ultra DMA mode 3
2
Ultra DMA mode 2
1
Ultra DMA mode 1
0
Ultra DMA mode 0
Time required for Security Erase Unit completion
Time required for Enhanced Security Erase completion
Current Advanced Power Management value
Master Password Revision Code
COMRESET result.
Stream Minimum Request Size
Streaming Transfer Time - DMA
Streaming Access Latency - DMA and PIO
Streaming Performance Granularity
Maximum User LBA for 48-bit address (100=LSB)
Streaming Transfer Time - PIO
Reserved
Physical sector size / Logical Sector Size
Inter-seek delay for ISO-7779 acoustic testing in microseconds
Worldwide name
15-12 NAA (3:0)
5
IEEE OUI (23:12)
WWN
15-4
IEEE OUI (11:0)
5
Unique ID (35:32)
Unique ID (31:16)
Unique ID (15:0)
Reserved for worldwide name extension to 128 bits
Reserved for technical report
Words per Logical Sector
Reserved
Removable Media Status Notification feature set support
Security status
15-9
Reserved
8
Security level 0=High, 1=Maximum
7-6
Reserved
5
1=Enhanced security erase supported
4
1=Security count expired
3
1=Security frozen
(continued)
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Word
129-159
160
161-175
176-205
206-254
255
8.2.8
Content
0000h
0000h
0000h
0000h
0000h
xxxxh
Description
2
1=Security locked
1
1=Security enabled
0
1=Security supported
Vendor specific
CFA power mode 1
Reserved for CFA
Current media serial number
Reserved
Integrity word
15-8
Checksum
5
Signature (A5h)
Idle (E3h)
This command causes the drive to enter the Idle Mode, clear BSY, and generate an interrupt. The interrupt is
generated even though the drive may not have fully transitioned to Idle Mode.
If the drive is already spinning, the spin-up sequence is not executed.
If the Sector Count register is non-zero, then the automatic Idle Mode sequence is enabled, and the timer
begins counting down immediately. If the Sector Count register is zero, the automatic power down sequence
is disabled.
After the drive enters Idle Mode, it automatically transitions to Standby Mode upon expiration of a prescribed
1 minute spin-down timer.
Table 8-6 Automatic Standby Timer Periods
Sector Count Register Contents
0
1-240
241-251
8.2.9
Corresponding Time-Out Period
(00h)
Timeout Disabled
(01h-FOh)
(value * 5) seconds
(F1h-FBh)
(value - 240) * 30 minutes
252
(FCh)
21 minutes
253
(FDh)
8 hours
254
(FEh)
Reserved
255
(FFh)
21 minutes 15 seconds
Idle Immediate (E1h)
This command causes the drive to enter Idle Mode, clear BSY, and generate an interrupt. The interrupt is
generated even though the drive may not have fully transitioned to Idle Mode.
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8.2.10 Initialize Device Parameters (91h)
This command is obsolete in the ATA7 specification. The supporting of this command is for backward
compatibility purpose. The use of this command is beyond the ATA standard and not recommended by the
manufacture.
This command enables the host to set the number of sectors per track and the number of heads minus 1, per
cylinder. Upon receipt of the command, the drive sets BSY, saves the parameters, clears BSY, and generates
an interrupt.
The only two register values used by this command are the Sector Count register which specifies the number
of sectors per track, and the Drive/Head register which specifies the number of heads minus 1. The sector
count and head values are not checked for validity by this command. If they are invalid, no error will be
posted until an illegal access is made by some other command.
8.2.11 NOP (00h)
The NOP command is always responded with command aborted.
8.2.12 Read Buffer (E4h)
The Read Buffer command enables the host to read the current contents of the drive's sector buffer. When
this command is issued, the drive sets up the sector buffer for a read operation, sets DRQ, clears BSY, and
generates an interrupt. The host then reads up to 512 bytes of data from the buffer.
The Read Buffer and Write Buffer commands are synchronized so that sequential Write Buffer (E8h) and
Read Buffer commands access the same 512 bytes within the buffer.
8.2.13 Read DMA (C8h, 25h: extended)
This command executes in a manner similar to the Read Sector(s) command except for the drive issues only
one interrupt per command to indicate that data transfer has stopped and the status is available.
Any unrecoverable error encountered during execution of a Read DMA command results in the termination
of data transfer prior to the sector where the error was detected. The drive generates an interrupt to indicate
that data transfer has terminated and status is available. The error posting is the same as that for the Read
Sector(s) command.
8.2.14 Read FPDMA Queued (60h)
This command is implemented according to the Serial ATA II: Extension to Serial ATA 1.0a, Revision 1.2
specification. The purpose of this command is for the host to issue a Native Command Queue (NCQ) read
commands. This command allows device to reorder the command issued in a sequence of the queue. The
command is returned based on the device’s determine of the location sequence.
The Spinpoint M9T drive implemented a queue depth of 32. This will allow host to issue up to 32 NCQ
commands (combined read and write commands).
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If the drive enters NCQ mode and a non-queue command is received, the drive will respond with error to
inform host a queue command been overlapped with non-queue. If a queue tag is not finished and another
same tag command is received, the drive will response with error to inform host a duplicated tag is received.
Error information is reported according to the SATA II specification. A read Log Extended command with
log page 10 is required to retrieve the error information.
8.2.15 Read Log Extended (2Fh)
This command returns the specified log to the host. The device shall interrupt for each DRQ block transferred.
See ATA 7 document for command details.
8.2.16 Read Long (22h)
This command is obsolete in the ATA7 specification. The supporting of this command is for backward
compatibility purpose. The use of this command is beyond the ATA standard and not recommended by the
manufacture.
The Read Long command performs similarly to the Read Sectors command except that it returns the data and
the ECC bytes appended to the data field of the desired sector. During a Read Long command, the drive does
not check the ECC bytes to determine if there has been a data error. Only single sector Read Long operations
are supported.
The transfer of the ECC bytes shall be 8 bits wide and 4 or device native ECC bytes length.
8.2.17 Read Multiple Command (C4h, 29h: extended)
The Read Multiple command performs similarly to the Read Sectors command except interrupts are not
generated on every sector, but on the transfer of a block which contains the number of sectors defined by a
Set Multiple command.
Command execution is identical to the Read Sectors operation except that the numbers of sectors as defined
by a Set of Multiple command are transferred without intervening interrupts. DRQ qualification of the
transfer is required only at the start of the data block, not on each sector.
The block count of sectors to be transferred without intervening interrupts is programmed by the Set Multiple
Mode command, which should be executed prior to the Read Multiple command. When the Read Multiple
command is issued, the Sector Count register contains the number of sectors (not the number of blocks or the
block count) requested.
If the number of requested sectors is not evenly divisible by the block count, as many full blocks as possible
are transferred, followed by a final, partial block transfer. The partial block transfer shall be for n sectors,
where
n = Remainder (Sector Count / Block Count)
If the Read Multiple command is attempted before the Set Multiple Mode command has been executed or
when Read Multiple commands are disabled, then the Read Multiple operation is rejected with an Aborted
Command error.
Disk errors encountered during Read Multiple commands are posted at the beginning of the block or partial
block transfer, but DRQ is still set and the data transfer takes place as it normally would, including transfer of
corrupted data, if any.
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The contents of the Command Block registers, following the transfer of a data block, which had a sector in
error, are undefined. The host should retry the transfer as individual requests to obtain valid error information.
Subsequent blocks are transferred only if the error was a correctable data error. All other errors cause the
command to stop after transfer of the block, which contained the error. Interrupts are generated when DRQ is
set at the beginning of each block.
8.2.18 Read Native Max Address (F8h, 27h: extended)
This command returns the native maximum address. The native maximum address is the highest address
accepted by the device in the factory default condition. The native maximum address is the maximum
address that is valid when using the SET MAX ADDRESS command.
8.2.19 Read Sector(s) (20h, 24h: extended)
This command reads from 1 to 256 sectors as specified in the Sector Count register. A sector counts of 0
requests all 256 sectors if the command is Read Sectors (not Read Sector Extended). The transfer begins at
the sector specified in the Sector Number register.
If the drive is not already on the desired track, an implied seek is performed. Once at the desired track, the
drive searches for the appropriate ID field.
If the ID is read correctly, the data address mark shall be recognized within a specified number of bytes, or
the Address Mark Not Found error is posted. DRQ is always set prior to data transfer, regardless of the
presence or absence of an error condition.
At command completion, the Command Block registers contain the address of the last sector read. If an error
occurs, the read terminates at the sector where the error occurred. The Command Block registers contain the
address of the sector where the error occurred.
8.2.20 Read Verify Sector(s) (40h, 41h: extended)
This command is obsolete in the ATA7 specification. The supporting of this command is for backward
compatibility purpose. The use of this command is beyond the ATA standard and not recommended by the
manufacturer.
This command is identical to the Read Sectors command, except that DRQ is never set, and no data is
transferred to the host.
When the requested sectors have been verified, the drive clears BSY and generates an interrupt. Upon
command completion, the Command Block registers contain the address of the last sector verified. If an error
occurs, the Verify terminates at the sector where the error occurred.
The Command Block registers contain the address of where the error occurred. The Sector Count register
contains the number of sectors not yet verified.
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8.2.21
Recalibrate (10h)
This command is obsolete in the ATA7 specification. The supporting of this command is for backward
compatibility purpose. The use of this command is beyond the ATA standard and not recommended by the
manufacturer.
This command moves the read/write heads from anywhere on the disk to cylinder 0. Upon receipt of the
command, the drive issues a seek to cylinder zero. The drive then waits for the seek to complete before
updating status, clearing BSY, and generating an interrupt. If the drive cannot reach cylinder 0, it posts a
Track 0 Not Found error.
8.2.22
Security Disable Password (F6h)
The SECURITY DISABLE PASSWORD command transfers 512 bytes of data from the host. In Table 6-6 it
defines the content of the security password. If the password selected by word 0 matches the password
previously saved by the device, the device shall unlock mode. This command shall not change the Master
password. The Master password shall be reactivated only when a User password is set.
Table 8-7 Security password content
Word
0
Content
Control word.
Bit 0
Identifier 0= compare User password
1= compare Master password
Bit (15:1) Reserved
1-16
17-255
Password (32 bytes)
Reserved
8.2.23 Security Erase Prepare (F3h)
The SECURITY ERASE PREPARE command shall be issued immediately before the SECURITY ERASE
UNIT command to enable device erasing and unlocking. This command prevents accidental loss of data on
the device.
8.2.24
Security Erase Unit (F4h)
This command transfers 512 bytes of data from the host. Table 6-7 defines the content of this information. If
the password does not match the password previously saved by the device, the device shall reject the
command with by abortion.
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Table 8-8 Security Erase Unit Password
Word
0
Content
Control word.
Bit 0
Bit 1
Identifier 0= compare User password
1= compare Master password
Erase mode
0= Normal erase
1= Enhanced erase
Bit (15:2) Reserved
1-16
17-255
8.2.25
Password (32 bytes)
Reserved
Security Freeze Lock (F5h)
The SECURITY FREEZE LOCK command shall set the device to frozen mode. After command completion
any other commands that update the device Lock mode shall be command aborted. Frozen mode shall be
disabled by power-off or hardware reset. If SECURITY FREEZE LOCK shall be issued when the device is in
frozen mode, the command executes and the device shall remain in frozen mode.
Commands disabled by SECURITY FREEZE LOCK are as follows:
SECURITY SET PASSWORD
SECURITY UNLOCK
SECURITY DISABLE PASSWORD
SECURITY
ERASE
PREPARE
SECURITY ERASE UNIT
8.2.26 Security Set Password (F1h)
This command transfers 512 bytes of data from the host. Table defines the content of this information. The
data transferred controls the function of this command. It also defines the interaction of the identifier and
security level bits.
Table 8-9 Security Set Password data content
Word
0
Content
Control word.
Bit 0
Bit (7:1)
Bit 8
1-16
17
18-255
Identifier 0= set User password
1= set Master password
Reserved
Security level
0= High
1= Maximum
Bit (15:2) Reserved
Password (32 bytes)
Master Password Revision Code (valid if word 0 bit 0 = 1)
Reserved
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Table 8-10 Identifier and security level bit interaction
Identifier
User
Level
High
Command result
The password supplied with the command shall be saved as the
new User p ass wo rd . The Lock mode shall be enabled from the
next power-on or hardware reset. The device shall then be unlocked
by either the User password or the previously set Master password.
User
Medium
The password supplied with the command shall be saved as the
new User p as swo rd . The Lock mode shall be enabled from the
next power-on or hardware reset. The device shall then be unlocked
by only the User password. The Master password previously set is
still stored in the device but shall not be used to unlock the device.
Master
High or
Medium
Maximum This combination shall set a Master password but shall
not enable or disable the Lock mode. The security level is not
changed. Master password revision code set to the value in Master
Password Revision Code field.
8.2.27 Security Unlock (F2h)
This command transfers 512 bytes of data from the host. If the Identifier bit is set to Master and the device
is in high security level, then the password supplied shall be compared with the stored Master password. If
the device is in maximum security level then the unlock shall be rejected.
If the Identifier bit is set to the user then the device needs to compare the supplied password with the stored
User password.
If the password compare fails then the device shall return command aborted to the host and decrements the
unlock counter. This counter shall be initially set to five and shall be decremented for each password
mismatch when SECURITY UNLOCK is issued and the device is locked. When this counter reaches zero
then SECURITY UNLOCK and SECURITY ERASE UNIT commands shall be command aborted until a
power-on reset or a hardware reset. SECURITY UNLOCK commands issued when the device is unlocked
have no effect on the unlock counter.
8.2.28 Seek (7xh)
This command has become obsolete in the ATA7 specification. The supporting of this command is just for
backward compatibility purpose.
8.2.29 Set Features (EFh)
This command is used by the host to establish the following parameters, which affect the execution of certain
drive features as shown below.
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Table 8-11 Set Features Register Definitions
Code
Description
02h
Enable Write Cache
03h
Set transfer mode based on value in Sector Count register
06h
Enable Power-Up in Standby Mode
07h
Power-Up in Standby feature set device spin up
10h
Enable use of SATA features
SC=02: DMA Setup FIS Auto Activate automation
SC=03: Device-initiated interface power state transition
SC=06: Software Settings Preservation
44h
Obsolete (Set VU ECC length)
55h
Disable read look-ahead feature
82h
Disable Write Cache
86h
Disable Power-Up in Standby Mode
90h
Disable use of SATA features
SC=02: DMA Setup FIS Auto Activate automation
SC=03: Device-initiated interface power state transition
SC=06: Software Settings Preservation
AAh
Enable read look-ahead feature
BBh
Obsolete (Set 4-byte ECC length)
D2h-DFh
VU Features
F0h-FFh
VU Features
When the drive receives this command, it checks the contents of the Feature register, clears BSY, and
generates an interrupt. If the value in the Feature register is not supported or is invalid, the drive posts an
Aborted Command error.
A host can choose the transfer mechanism by Set Transfer Mode and specifying a value in the Sector Count
register in feature 03. The upper 5 bits define the type of transfer, and the low order 3 bits encode the mode
value. Refer to the following table for details.
Table 8-12 Transfer Mode Values
Mode
PIO default mode
PIO default mode, disable IORDY
PIO flow control transfer mode
Multiword DMA mode
Ultra DMA mode
Bits(7:3)
Bits(2:0)
00000
00000
00001
00100
01000
000
001
mode
mode
mode
Mode = transfer mode number
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Setting of the UDMA mode will not alter the speed of the SATA interface transfer. SATA transfer speed is
depending upon the negotiated interface speed of either Gen III 6.0 Gbps ~ Gen I 1.5 Gbps. The mode setting
in the Set Feature command is for backward compatibility purpose.
8.2.30 Set Max Address (F9h, 37h: extended)
Set Max Address command is for device implement the Host Protected Area feature set. The drive maximum
address can be changed according to the command issued from the host. The Set Max command has the
following subcommands:
Table 8-13 Set Max Feature Register Values
Feature Value
Command
0
1
2
3
4
05-FFh
Obsolete
SET MAX SET PASSWORD
SET MAX LOCK
SET MAX UNLOCK
SET MAX FREEZE LOCK
Reserved
8.2.31 Set Multiple Mode (C6h)
This command enables the drive to perform Read and Write Multiple operations and establishes the block
count for these commands.
The Sector Count register is loaded with the number of sectors per block. Drives support block sizes of 2, 4, 8,
and 16 sectors. If the Sector Count register contains a valid value and the block count is supported, the value is
loaded for all subsequent Read Multiple and Write Multiple commands and execution of those commands is
enabled. If a block count is not supported, an Aborted Command error is posted, and Read Multiple and
Write Multiple commands are disabled.
At power-on, or after a hardware reset, the default mode is Read and Write Multiple disabled. And on
software reset, the default mode of Read and Write Multiple will not be changed.
8.2.32 Sleep (E6h)
This command is the only way to cause the drive to enter Sleep Mode. The drive is spun down, and when it is
stopped, BSY is cleared, an interrupt is generated, and the interface becomes inactive.
The only way to recover from Sleep mode without a reset or power-on is for the host to issue a software reset.
A drive shall not power-on in Sleep Mode nor remain in Sleep Mode following a reset sequence. If the drive is
already spun down, the spin down sequence is not executed.
8.2.33 Standby (E2h)
This command causes the drive to set BSY, enter the Standby Mode, clear BSY, and assert INTRQ. INTRQ is
asserted even though the device may not have fully transitioned to Standby Mode.
If the Sector Count register is non-zero, then the Standby Timer is enabled. The value in the Sector Count
register shall be used to determine the time programmed into the Standby Mode.
The value in the Sector Count register when the STANDBY command is issued shall determine the time
period programmed into the Standby Timer.
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8.2.34 SMART (B0h)
Individual SMART commands are identified by the value placed in the Feature resister. Below depicts these
Feature register values.
Table 8-14 SMART Feature Registers Values
8.2.34.1
Feature Value
Command
D0h
D1h
D2h
D3h
D4h
D5h
D6h
D7h
D8h
D9h
DAh
DBh
DCh-DDh
DEh
DFh
SMART READ DATA
Obsolete (SMART Read Threshold)
SMART ENABLE/DISABLE ATTRIBUTE AUTOSAVE
Obsolete (SMART Save Attribute Value)
SMART EXECUTE OFF-LINE IMMEDIATE
SMART READ LOG SECTOR
SMART WRITE LOG SECTOR
Obsolete
SMART ENABLE OPERATIONS
SMART DISABLE OPERATIONS
SMART RETURN STATUS
Obsolete (Enable/Disable Auto Offline Scan)
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Smart disable operations (D9h)
This command disables all SMART capabilities within the device including any timer and event count
functions related to this feature. After receipt of this command the device shall disable all SMART operations.
SMART data shall no longer be monitored or saved by the device. The state of SMART (either enabled or
disabled) shall be preserved by the device across power cycles.
After receipt of this command by the device, all other SMART commands (including SMART DISABLE
OPERATIONS commands), with the exception of SMART ENABLE OPERATIONS, are disabled and
invalid and shall be command aborted by the device.
8.2.34.2
Smart enable/disable attribute auto-save (D2h)
This command enables and disables the optional attribute auto-save feature of the device. Depending upon
the implementation, this command may either allow the device, after some vendor specified event, to
automatically save its updated attribute values to non-volatile memory; or this command may cause the autosave feature to be disabled. The state of the attribute auto-save feature (either enabled or disabled), shall be
preserved by the device across power cycles.
A value of zero written by the host into the device’s Sector Count register before issuing this command shall
cause this feature to be disabled. Disabling this feature does not preclude the device from saving SMART
data to non-volatile memory during some other normal operation such as during a power-on sequence or
during an error recovery sequence.
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A value of F1h written by the host into the device’s Sector Count Register before issuing this command shall
cause this feature to be enabled. Any other meaning of this value or any other non-zero value written by the
host into this register before issuing this command may differ from device to device.
8.2.34.3
Smart enable operations (D8h)
This command enables all SMART capabilities within the device. Prior to receipt of this command SMART
data are neither monitored nor saved by the device. The state of SMART (either enabled or disabled) shall be
preserved by the device across power cycles. Once enabled, the receipt of subsequent SMART ENABLE
OPERATIONS commands shall not affect any SMART data or functions.
8.2.34.4
Smart execute off-line immediate (D4h)
This command causes the device to immediately initiate the activities that collect SMART data in an off-line
mode and then save this data to the device’s non-volatile memory.
During execution of its off-line activities the device shall not set BSY nor clear DRDY.
If the device is in the process of performing its set of off-line data collection activities (as a result of receiving a
SMART EXECUTE OFF-LINE IMMEDIATE command from the host), and is interrupted by any new
command from the host except a SMART DISABLE OPERATIONS, SMART EXECUTE OFF-LINE
IMMEDIATE, or STANDBY IMMEDIATE command, the device shall suspend or abort its off-line data
collection activities and service the host within two seconds after receipt of the new command. After
servicing the interrupting command from host the device may immediately re-initiate or resume its off-line
data collection activities without any additional commands from host
If the device is in the process of performing its off-line data collection activities and is interrupted by a
STANDBY IMMEDIATE command from the host, the device shall suspend or abort its off-line data
collection activities, and service the host within two seconds after receipt of the command. After receiving a
new command that causes the device to exit a power saving mode, the device shall initiate or resume off-line
data collection activities without any additional commands from the host unless the device aborted these
activities.
If the device is in the process of performing its off-line data collection activities and is interrupted by a
SMART DISABLE OPERATIONS command from the host, the device shall suspend or abort its off-line
data collection activities and service the host within two seconds after receipt of the command. Upon receipt
of the next SMART ENABLE OPERATIONS command the device may, after the next vendor specified
event, either re-initiate its off-line data collection activities or resume those activities from where they had
been previously suspended.
If the device is in the process of performing its off-line data collection activities and is interrupted by a
SMART EXECUTE OFF-LINE IMMEDIATE command from the host, the device shall abort its off-line
data collection activities and service the host within two seconds after receipt of the command. The device
shall then re-initiate its off-line data collection activities in response to the new EXECUTE OFF-LINE
IMMEDIATE command.
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8.2.34.5
Smart read data (D0h)
This command returns the Device SMART data structure to the host.
Table 8-15 Device SMART Data Structure
Byte
F/V
0
V
Data Structure Revision Number
Descriptions
2
V
1st Device Attribute
14
V
2nd Device Attribute
26
V
3rd Device Attribute
…
…
…
350
V
30th Device Attribute
362
V
Off-line data collection status
363
X
Self-test execution status byte
364-365
V
Total time in seconds to complete off-line data collection activity
366
X
Vendor specific
367
F
Off-line data collection capability
368-369
F
SMART capability
370
F
371
X
Error logging capability
7-1 Reserved
0 1=Device error logging supported
Vendor specific
372
373
370-385
F
F
R
Short self-test routine recommended polling time (in minutes)
Extended self-test routine recommended polling time (in minutes)
Reserved
386-510
X
Vendor specific
511
V
Data structure checksum
Key:
F = the content of the byte is fixed and does not change.
V = the content of the byte is variable and may change depending on the state of the device or the
commands executed by the device.
X = the content of the byte is vendor specific and may be fixed or variable.
R = the content of the byte is reserved and shall be zero.
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Data Structure Revision Number
The Data Structure Revision Number identifies which version of this data structure is implemented by the
device. This revision number identifies both the Attribute Value and Attribute Threshold Data structures.
SMART Attribute Data
The data structure of the SMART attribute table is defined for a block of 12-byte length. Total number of the
attributes is 30. Each attribute defines Attribute ID, Status Flag, Attribute Value, and Vendor Specific bytes.
The Attribute ID is range from 01h to FFh. The Vendor Specific bytes are not defined in these specifications.
Byte
00
01-02
03
04-11
Definition
Attribute ID Number
Status Flag
Attribute Value
Vendor Specific Attribute Information
These data structures contain information which facilitates the monitoring of key drive indicators in order to
determine when the drive has deteriorated to the point at which it may impact the reliability of the host system.
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The SMART attribute Status Flags are:
Table 8-16 SMART Attribute Status Flags
Bit
Name
Description
0
Pre failure/advisory
0= an attribute value less than or equal to its
corresponding attribute threshold indicates an advisory
condition where the usage or age of the device has
exceeded its intended design life period.
1= an attribute value less than or equal to its
corresponding attribute threshold indicates a pre-failure
condition where imminent loss of data is being
predicted.
1
On-line data collection
1= the attribute value is updated during normal
operation of the device or during both normal operation
and off-line testing.
2
Performance
3
Error rate
4
Event count
5
Self-preserving
1= Attributes that characterizes a performance aspects
of the drive, degradation of which may indicate
imminent drive failure, such as data throughput, seek
times, spin up time, etc.
1= Attribute that is based on the expected, non-fatal
errors that are inherent in disk drives, increases in
which may indicate imminent drive failure, such as
ECC errors, seek errors, etc.
1= Attribute that counts events, of which an excessive
number of which may indicate imminent drive failure,
such as number of re-allocated sectors, etc.
This type is used to specify an attribute that is collected
and saved by the drive automatically.
1= It is a self-preserving attribute type.
6-15
Reserved
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Each attribute data structure is assigned an attribute ID. Any non-zero value in the attribute ID number
indicates an active attribute. Valid values for this byte are found from 0x01 through 0xff. The attribute
defined for Spinpoint M9T are as follows:
Table 8-17 SMART Attribute Data List
Attribute ID
1
3
4
5
7
8
9
10
12
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
Definition
Monitor
Raw read error rate
Spin up time
Spindle motor on count
Number of Auto Reassign sectors
Seek error rate
Seek time performance
Drive run time.
Spin up retry count
Power cycle count
Temperature.
ECC on the fly
Re-allocate sector event
Pending sector count
Uncorrectable sector count
UDMA CRC error rate
Write error rate
Soft error rate
Errors during read operations.
Spin up time in millisecond
On/off count.
Reassigned sector count.
Errors during seek operations.
Off-line random seek time
How long drive works.
Retry count
Total power cycles.
Pre amp die temperature
ECC count for read operation
Read scan uncorrectable read error
Off-line scan pending sectors
Off-line scan uncorrectable sectors.
CRC Errors during UDMA transfer
Errors during write operations.
Soft errors during read operations.
Off-line data collection status
The value of the off-line data collection status byte defines the current status of the off-line activities of the
device. Table6-15 lists the values and their respective definitions.
Table 8-18 Off-line Data Collection Status Values
Value
00h or 80h
Definition
Off-line data collection activity was never started.
01h
02h or 82h
Reserved
Off-line data collection activity was completed without error.
03h
Reserved
04h or 84h
Off-line data collection Activity was suspended by an interrupting command from host
05h or 85h
Off-line data collection Activity was aborted by an interrupting command from host
06h or 86h
Off-line data collection Activity was aborted by the device with a fatal error.
07h-3Fh
Reserved
40h-7Fh
Vendor specific
81h
Reserved
83h
Reserved
87h-BFh
Reserved
C0h-FFh
Vendor specific
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The total time in seconds to complete off-line data collection activity word specifies how may seconds the
device requires to complete its sequence of off-line data collection activity. Valid values for this word are
from 0001h to FFFFh.
Self-test execution status byte
The self-test execution status byte reports the execution status of the self-test routine.
Bits (3:0) (Percent Self-Test Remaining)
The value in these bits indicates an approximation of the percent of the self-test routine remaining until
completion in ten percent increments. Valid values are 9 through 0. A value of 0 indicates the self-test routine
is complete. A value of 9 means 90% of total test time remaining.
Bits (7:4) (Self-test Execution Status)
The value in these bits indicates the current Self-test Execution Status.
Table 8-19 Self-test Execution Status Values
Value
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9-14
15
Description
The previous self-test routine completed without error or no self-test has ever been run
The self-test routine was aborted by the host
The self-test routine was interrupted by the host with a hardware or software reset
A fatal error or unknown test error occurred while the device was executing its self-test
routine and the device was unable to complete the self-test routine.
The previous self-test completed having a test element that failed and the test element
that failed is not known.
The previous self-test completed having the electrical element of the test failed.
The previous self-test completed having the servo (and/or seek) test element of the test
failed.
The previous self-test completed having the read element of the test failed.
The previous self-test completed having a test element that failed and the device is
suspected of having handling damage.
Reserved.
Self-test routine in progress.
Total time to complete off-line data collection
The total time in seconds to complete off-line data collection activity word specifies how many seconds the
device requires completing the sequence of off-line data collection activity. Valid values for this word are
from 0001h to FFFFh.
Off-line data collection capability
The following describes the definition for the off-line data collection capability bits. If the value of all of
these bits is equal to zero, then this device implements no off-line data collection.
 Bit 0 (EXECUTE OFF-LINE IMMEDIATE implemented bit) – If the value of this bit equals one, then the
SMART EXECUTE OFF-LINE IMMEDIATE command is implemented by this device. If the value of this
bit equals zero, then the SMART EXECUTE OFF-LINE IMMEDIATE command is not implemented by this
device.
 Bit 1 (vendor specific)
 Bit 2 (abort/restart off-line by host bit) – If the value of this bit equals one, then the device shall abort all
off-line data collection activity initiated by an SMART EXECUTE OFF-LINE IMMEDIATE command
upon receipt of a new command. Off-line data collection activity must be restarted by a new SMART
EXECUTE OFF-LINE IMMEDIATE command from the host. If the value of this bit equals zero, the
device shall suspend off-line data collection activity after an interrupting command and resume off-line
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data collection activity after some vendor-specified event.
 Bit 3 (off-line read scanning implemented bit) - If this bit is cleared to zero, the device does not support
off-line read scanning. If this bit is set to one, the device supports off-line read scanning
 Bit 4 (self-test implemented bit) – If this bit is cleared to zero, the device does not implement the Short
and Extended self-test routines. If this bit is set to one, the device implements the Short and Extended
self-test routines.
 Bit 7-5 (reserved).
SMART capability
The following describes the definition for the SMART capability bits. If the value of all of these bits is equal
to zero, then this device does not implement automatic saving of SMART data.

Bit 0 (power mode SMART data saving capability bit) – If the value of this bit equals one, the device
shall save its SMART data prior to going into a power saving mode (Idle, Standby, or Sleep) or
immediately upon return to Active or Idle mode from a Standby mode. If the value of this bit equals zero,
the device shall not save its SMART date prior to going into a power saving mode (Idle, Standby, or
Sleep) or immediately upon return to Active or Idle mode from a Standby mode.
 Bit 1 (SMART data auto-save after event capability bit) – The value of this bit shall be equal to one for
devices complying with this standard.
 Bits 2-15 (reserved).
Self-test routine recommended polling time
The self-test routine recommended polling time shall be equal to the number of minutes that is the minimum
recommended time before which the host should first poll for test completion status. Actual test time could be
several times this value. Polling before this time could extend the self-test execution time or abort the test
depending on the state of bit 2 of the off-line data capability bits.
The data structure checksum is the two’s compliment of the result of a simple eight-bit addition of the first 511
bytes in the data structure.
8.2.34.6
SMART read log sector (D5h)
This command returns the indicated log sectors to the host.
8.2.34.7
SMART return status (DAh)
This command is used to communicate the reliability status of the device to the host at the host’s request. If a
threshold exceeded condition is not detected by the device, the device shall set the Cylinder Low register to
4Fh and the Cylinder High register to C2h. If the device detects a threshold-exceeded condition, the device
shall set Cylinder Low register to F4h and Cylinder High register to 2Ch
8.2.34.8
SMART write log sector (D6h)
This command writes number of 512-byte data sectors to the indicated log sector.
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8.2.35 Standby (E2h)
This command causes the drive to enter Standby Mode. See 6.6.3 for the protocol. The drive may return the
interrupt before the transition to Standby Mode is completed.
If the drive is already spun down, the spin down sequence is not executed.
8.2.36 Standby Immediate (E0h)
This command causes the drive to enter Standby Mode. See 6.6.3 for the protocol. The drive may return the
interrupt before the transition to Standby Mode is completed.
If the drive is already spun down, the spin down sequence is not executed.
8.2.37 Write Buffer (E8h)
This command enables the host to overwrite the contents of the drive's sector buffer with any data pattern
desired. See 6.6.2 for the protocol.
The Read Buffer and Write Buffer commands is synchronized within the drive so that sequential Write
Buffer and Read Buffer commands access the same 512 bytes within the buffer.
8.2.38 Write DMA (CAh, 35h: extended)
This command executes in a similar manner to Write Sector(s) except the drive issues only one interrupt per
command to indicate that data transfer has terminated and status is available.
Any error encountered during Write DMA execution results in the termination of data transfer. The drive
issues an interrupt to indicate that data transfer has terminated and the status is available in the Error register.
The error posting is the same as that for the Write Sector(s) command.
8.2.39 Write FPDMA Queued (61h)
This command is implemented according to the Serial ATA II: Extension to Serial ATA 1.0a, Revision 1.2
specification. The purpose of this command is for the host to issue a Native Command Queue (NCQ) write
commands. This command allows device to reorder the command issued in a sequence of the queue. The
command is returned based on the device’s determine of the location sequence.
The Spinpoint M9T drive implemented a queue depth of 32. This will allow host to issue up to 32 NCQ
commands (combined read and write commands).
If the drive enters NCQ mode and a non-queue command is received, the drive will respond with error to
inform host a queue command been overlapped with non-queue. If a queue tag is not finished and another
same tag command is received, the drive will response with error to inform host a duplicated tag is received.
Error information is reported according to the SATA II specification. A read Log Extended command with
log page 10 is required to retrieve the error information.
8.2.40 Write Long (32h)
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This command is obsolete in the ATA7 specification. The supporting of this command is for backward
compatibility purpose. The use of this command is beyond the ATA standard and not recommended by the
manufacturer.
This command is similar to the Write Sectors command, except that it writes the data and the ECC bytes
directly from the sector buffer; the drive does not generate the ECC bytes itself. Only single sector Write
Long operations are supported. The transfer of the ECC bytes shall be 8 bits wide and 4 or device native
ECC bytes length.
8.2.41 Write Multiple Command (C5h, 39h: extended)
This command is similar to the Write Sectors command. Interrupts are not presented on each sector but on
the transfer of a block which contains the number of sectors defined by Set Multiple.
Command execution is identical to the Write Sectors operation, except that the numbers of sectors defined by
the Set Multiple command are transferred without intervening interrupts. DRQ qualification of the transfer is
required only at the start of the data block, not on each sector.
The block count of sectors to be transferred without intervening interrupts is programmed by the Set Multiple
Mode command, which shall be executed prior to the Read Multiple command.
When the Write Multiple command is issued, the Sector Count register contains the number of sectors (not
the number of blocks or the block count) requested.
If the number of requested sectors is not evenly divisible by the block count, as many full blocks as possible
are transferred, followed by a final, partial block transfer. The partial block transfer is for n sectors, where
n = Remainder (Sector Count / Block Count)
If the Write Multiple command is attempted before the Set Multiple Mode command has been executed, or
when Write Multiple commands are disabled, the Write Multiple operation is rejected with an aborted
command error.
Disk errors encountered during execution of Write Multiple commands are posted after the attempted disk
write of the block. Interrupts are generated when DRQ is set at the beginning of each block or partial block.
The contents of the Command Block registers, following the transfer of a data block which had a sector in
error, are undefined. The host should retry the transfer as individual requests to obtain valid error information.
8.2.42
Write Sector(s) (30h,
34h: extended)
This command writes from 1 to 256 sectors, as specified in the Sector Count register (a sector count of zero
requests 256 sectors), beginning at the specified sector. Refer to Section 6.7 for the DRQ, IRQ and BSY
protocol on data transfers.
If the drive is not already on the desired track, an implied seek is performed. Once at the desired track, the
drive searches for the appropriate ID field.
If retries are disabled and two index pulses have occurred without error-free reading of the requested ID, an
ID Not Found error is posted.
If retries are enabled, up to a predefined number of attempts may be made to read the requested ID before
posting an error.
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If the ID is read correctly, the data loaded in the buffer is written to the data field of the sector, followed by
the ECC bytes. Upon command completion, the Command Block registers contain the cylinder, head, and
sector number of the last sector written in CHS mode or the logical block address in LBA mode.
If an error occurs during a write of more than one sector, writing terminates at the sector where the error
occurs. The Command Block registers contain the cylinder, head, and sector number of the sector where the
error occurred in CHS mode or the logical block address in LBA mode. The host may then read the command
block to determine what error has occurred and on which sector it occurred.
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CHAPTER 9
9.1
MAINTENANCE
General Information
Samsung Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive achieves high reliability through their mechanical design and extensive use
of microelectronics. Their design allows fast, easy sub-assembly replacement without adjustments, greatly reducing
the amount of downtime required for unscheduled repairs.
9.2 Maintenance Precautions
When servicing a drive, the service technician should observe the following precautions to avoid damage to
the drive or personal injury.
(1) Do not attempt to open the sealed compartment of the Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive,
as this will void the warranty and contaminate the media.
(2) Do not lift the Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive by the PCB.
(3) Please handle HDD by side surfaces
Please see the Fig. 9-1
(4) Avoid static discharge when handling the Spinpoint M9T hard disk drive.
(5) Do not touch cover and the components on the PCB.
Please see the Fig. 9-2
(6) Do not stack the HDDs in column
Please see the Fig. 9-3
(7) Avoid harsh shocks or vibration to the drive at all times.
Please see the Fig. 9-4
(8) Observe the environmental limits specified for this product, as listed in section 3.6.
(9) If it becomes necessary to move your computer system, turn off the power to automatically
park the heads. Parking the heads moves the heads to a safe, non-data landing zone and locks
the heads in place. This helps prevent the media and the heads from accidental damage due to
vibration, moving or shipping. Do not move the drive for 20 seconds after removing DC
power to ensure that the actuator is completely locked.
Back up your data regularly. Seagate assumes no responsibility for loss of data. For information about backup and restore procedures, consult your DOS manual. There are also a number of utility programs available
that you can use to back up your data.
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Fig. 9-1: HDD handling guide - Please handle HDD by side surfaces!
Fig. 9-2: HDD handling guide - Do not Touch Cover and PCB!
Fig. 9-3: HDD handling guide - Do Not Stack!
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Fig. 9-4: HDD handling guide - Prevent Shocks!
9.3 Service and Repair
To determine the warranty for a specific drive, use a web browser to access the following web page
http://samsunghdd.seagate.com/, then click on the Warranty Tab and follow the steps outlined.
You will be asked to provide the drive serial number, model number (or part number) and
country of purchase. The system will display the warranty information for your drive.
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