Autostart AS-2500 TW Owner`s manual

2014
OWNER’S MANUAL
R a m Tr u c k
Diesel Supplement
VEHICLES SOLD IN CANADA
With respect to any Vehicles Sold in Canada, the name
Chrysler Group LLC shall be deemed to be deleted and the
name Chrysler Canada Inc. used in substitution therefore.
DRIVING AND ALCOHOL
Drunken driving is one of the most frequent causes of
accidents.
Your driving ability can be seriously impaired with blood
alcohol levels far below the legal minimum. If you are
drinking, don’t drive. Ride with a designated non-drinking
driver, call a cab, a friend, or use public transportation.
WARNING!
Driving after drinking can lead to an accident. Your
perceptions are less sharp, your reflexes are slower,
and your judgment is impaired when you have been
drinking. Never drink and then drive.
This manual illustrates and describes the operation of
features and equipment that are either standard or
optional on this vehicle. This manual may also include a
description of features and equipment that are no longer
available or were not ordered on this vehicle. Please
disregard any features and equipment described in this
manual that are not on this vehicle.
Chrysler Group LLC reserves the right to make changes
in design and specifications, and/or make additions to or
improvements to its products without imposing any
obligation upon itself to install them on products previously manufactured.
Copyright © 2013 Chrysler Group LLC
RAM DIESEL SUPPLEMENT
RAM 1500
..................................................................3
RAM 2500 / 3500 / 4500 / 5500
INDEX
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315
RAM 1500
SECTION
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
1
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1
2
THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2
3
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3
4
STARTING AND OPERATING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
4
5
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
5
6
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
6
INTRODUCTION
CONTENTS
䡵 A MESSAGE FROM CHRYSLER GROUP LLC . . . .8
1
8 INTRODUCTION
A MESSAGE FROM CHRYSLER GROUP LLC
Chrysler Group LLC welcome you as a turbocharged
diesel-powered truck owner. Your diesel truck will
sound, feel, drive, and operate differently from a
gasoline-powered truck. It is important that you read and
understand this manual.
NOTE: Some aftermarket products may cause severe
engine/transmission and/or exhaust system damage.
Your vehicle’s Powertrain Control Systems can detect
and store information about vehicle modifications that
increase horsepower and torque output such as whether
or not performance-enhancing powertrain components,
commonly referred to as downloaders, power boxes, or
performance chips have been used.
Almost 100% of the heavy trucks in the United States and
Canada are diesel-powered because of the fuel economy,
This information cannot be erased and will stay in the
rugged durability, and high torque which permits pulling
system’s memory even if the modification is removed. This
heavy loads.
information can be retrieved by Chrysler Group LLC, and
You may find that some of the starting, operating, and service and repair facilities, when servicing your vehicle.
maintenance procedures are different. However, they are This information may be used to determine if repair will be
simple to follow and careful adherence to them will covered by New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
ensure that you take full advantage of the features of this
There is a probability that the use of a “performance
engine.
chip” will prohibit the engine from starting. In this
instance, the vehicle will need to be serviced by a
authorized dealer in order to return the vehicle to it’s
factory settings.
THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
CONTENTS
䡵 REMOTE STARTING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 䡵 ENGINE BREAK-IN RECOMMENDATIONS . . . .11
▫ How To Use Remote Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
2
10 THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
REMOTE STARTING SYSTEM
How To Use Remote Start
This system uses the Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE) transmitter to start the engine conveniently from outside the vehicle while still
maintaining security. The system has a range of
approximately 300 ft (91 m).
All of the following conditions must be met before the
engine will remote start:
NOTE:
• Hood closed
• Shift lever in PARK
• Doors closed
• The vehicle must be equipped with an automatic •
transmission to be equipped with Remote Start.
•
• The Remote Start system will wait for the “Wait To
•
Start” amber telltale to extinguish before cranking the
engine. This allows time for the engine pre-heat cycle •
to pre-heat the cylinder air, and is normal in cold
•
weather. Refer to “Electronic Vehicle Information
Center/EVIC Warning Lights” in “Understanding •
Your Instrument Panel” for further information on the
•
“Wait To Start” amber telltale and the pre-heat cycle.
HAZARD switch off
BRAKE switch inactive (brake pedal not pressed)
Battery at an acceptable charge level
RKE PANIC button not pressed
Fuel meets minimum requirement
Water In Fuel Indicator Light is not illuminated
“Wait To Start” telltale is not illuminated
THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE 11
WARNING!
• Do not start or run an engine in a closed garage or
confined area. Exhaust gas contains Carbon Monoxide (CO) which is odorless and colorless. Carbon
Monoxide is poisonous and can cause serious injury or death when inhaled.
• Keep Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitters
away from children. Operation of the Remote Start
System, windows, door locks or other controls
could cause serious injury or death.
ENGINE BREAK-IN RECOMMENDATIONS
The diesel engine does not require a break-in period due
to its construction. Normal operation is allowed, providing the following recommendations are followed:
• Warm up the engine before placing it under load.
• Do not operate the engine at idle for prolonged
periods.
• Use the appropriate transmission gear to prevent
engine lugging.
2
12 THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
• Observe vehicle oil pressure and temperature indica- The engine oil installed in the engine at the factory is a
tors.
high-quality energy conserving type lubricant. Oil
changes should be consistent with anticipated climate
• Check the coolant and oil levels frequently.
conditions under which vehicle operations will occur.
• Vary throttle position at highway speeds when carry- The recommended viscosity and quality grades are
ing or towing significant weight.
shown under “Fluids, Lubricants and Genuine Parts”,
NOTE: Light duty operation such as light trailer towing under “Maintenance Procedures” in this manual. NONor no load operation will extend the time before the DETERGENT OR STRAIGHT MINERAL OILS MUST
engine is at full efficiency. Reduced fuel economy and NEVER BE USED.
power may be seen at this time.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
CONTENTS
䡵 INSTRUMENT CLUSTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 䡵 ELECTRONIC VEHICLE INFORMATION
CENTER (EVIC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
䡵 INSTRUMENT CLUSTER — LARAMIE . . . . . . .15
▫ EVIC Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
䡵 INSTRUMENT CLUSTER DESCRIPTIONS . . . . .16
▫ Vehicle Information (Customer Information
Features) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
3
14 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
INSTRUMENT CLUSTER
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 15
INSTRUMENT CLUSTER — LARAMIE
3
16 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
INSTRUMENT CLUSTER DESCRIPTIONS
1. Tachometer
The tachometer indicates engine speed in Revolutions
Per Minute (RPM x 1000).
CAUTION!
Do not operate the engine with the tachometer
pointer at high RPM for extended periods. Engine
operation over 3200 RPM (Redline) can result in
significant damage that will not be covered under
warranty.
2. Anti-Lock Brake (ABS) Light
This light monitors the Anti-lock Brake System
(ABS). The light will turn on when the ignition
switch is turned to the ON/RUN position and
may stay on for as long as four seconds.
If the ABS light remains on or turns on while driving, it
indicates that the anti-lock portion of the brake system is
not functioning and that service is required. However,
the conventional brake system will continue to operate
normally if the BRAKE warning light is not on.
If the ABS light is on, the brake system should be serviced
as soon as possible to restore the benefits of anti-lock
brakes. If the ABS light does not turn on when the
ignition switch is turned to the ON/RUN position, have
the light inspected by an authorized dealer.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 17
If this light comes on and remains on while driving, it
suggests a potential engine control problem and the need
The Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL) is part of
for system service.
an onboard diagnostic (OBDII) system which
monitors the emissions and engine control sys- Although your vehicle will usually be drivable and not
tem. If the vehicle is ready for emissions testing, the light need towing, see your authorized dealer for service as
will come on when the ignition is first turned on and soon as possible.
remain on, as a bulb check, until the engine is started. If
CAUTION!
the vehicle is not ready for emissions testing the light will
come on when the ignition is first turned on and remain
Prolonged driving with the Malfunction Indicator
on for 15 seconds, then blink for 5 seconds, and remain
Light (MIL) on could cause damage to the engine
on until the vehicle is started. If the bulb does not come
on during starting, have the condition investigated control system. It also could affect fuel economy and
drivability. If the MIL is flashing, severe catalytic
promptly.
converter damage and power loss will soon occur.
Immediate service is required.
3. Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL)
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18 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
WARNING!
A malfunctioning catalytic converter, as referenced
above, can reach higher temperatures than in normal
operating conditions. This can cause a fire if you
drive slowly or park over flammable substances such
as dry plants, wood, cardboard, etc. This could result
in death or serious injury to the driver, occupants or
others.
NOTE:
A continuous chime will sound if the vehicle is driven
more than 1 mile (1.6 km) with either turn signal on.
Check for an inoperative outside light bulb if either
indicator remains on and does not flash, or flashes at a
rapid rate.
5. Engine Coolant Temperature
This gauge shows the engine coolant temperature. The
gauge pointer will likely show higher temperatures when
The arrow will flash with the exterior turn signal driving in hot weather, up mountain grades, or in heavy
stop and go traffic. If the red Warning Light turns on
when the turn signal lever is operated.
while driving, safely bring the vehicle to a stop, and turn
off the engine. DO NOT operate the vehicle until the
cause is corrected.
4. Turn Signal Indicators
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 19
CAUTION!
WARNING! (Continued)
Driving with a hot engine cooling system could
damage your vehicle. If the temperature gauge reads
“H” pull over and stop the vehicle. Idle the vehicle
with the air conditioner turned off until the pointer
drops back into the normal range. If the pointer
remains on the “H” and you hear continuous chimes,
turn the engine off immediately and call an authorized dealer for service.
Vehicle.” Follow the warnings under the “Cooling
System Pressure Cap” paragraph.
WARNING!
A hot engine cooling system is dangerous. You or
others could be badly burned by steam or boiling
coolant. You may want to call an authorized dealer
for service if your vehicle overheats. If you decide to
look under the hood yourself, see “Maintaining Your
(Continued)
6. Brake Warning Light
This light monitors various brake functions,
including brake fluid level and parking brake
application. If the brake light turns on it may
indicate that the parking brake is applied, that
the brake fluid level is low, or that there is a problem with
the Anti-lock Brake System reservoir.
If the light remains on when the parking brake has been
disengaged, and the fluid level is at the full mark on the
master cylinder reservoir, it indicates a possible brake
hydraulic system malfunction or that a problem with the
Brake Booster has been detected by the Anti-Lock Brake
System (ABS) / Electronic Stability Control (ESC) system.
In this case, the light will remain on until the condition
3
20 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
has been corrected. If the problem is related to the brake
booster, the ABS pump will run when applying the brake
and a brake pedal pulsation may be felt during each stop.
WARNING!
Driving a vehicle with the red brake light on is
dangerous. Part of the brake system may have failed.
It will take longer to stop the vehicle. You could have
a collision. Have the vehicle checked immediately.
The dual brake system provides a reserve braking capacity in the event of a failure to a portion of the hydraulic
system. A leak in either half of the dual brake system is
indicated by the Brake Warning Light, which will turn on Vehicles equipped with the ABS, are also equipped with
when the brake fluid level in the master cylinder has Electronic Brake Force Distribution (EBD). In the event of
dropped below a specified level.
an EBD failure, the Brake Warning Light will turn on
along with the ABS Light. Immediate repair to the ABS
The light will remain on until the cause is corrected.
system is required.
NOTE: The light may flash momentarily during sharp
cornering maneuvers, which change fluid level condi- Operation of the Brake Warning Light can be checked by
tions. The vehicle should have service performed, and turning the ignition switch from the OFF position to the
ON/RUN position. The light should illuminate for apthe brake fluid level checked.
proximately two seconds. The light should then turn off
If brake failure is indicated, immediate repair is necesunless the parking brake is applied or a brake fault is
sary.
detected. If the light does not illuminate, have the light
inspected by an authorized dealer.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 21
The light also will turn on when the parking brake is flash or remain on continuously. Refer to “Occupant
applied with the ignition switch in the ON/RUN posi- Restraints” in “Things To Know Before Starting Your
Vehicle” for further information.
tion.
NOTE: This light shows only that the parking brake is 9. Air Bag Warning Light
applied. It does not show the degree of brake application.
This light will turn on for four to eight seconds
as a bulb check when the ignition switch is first
7. High Beam Indicator
turned to ON/RUN. If the light is either not on
This indicator shows that headlights are on high
during starting, stays on, or turns on while
beam. Push the multifunction lever forward to
driving, have the system inspected at an authorized
switch the headlights to high beam, and pull toward
dealer as soon as possible. Refer to “Occupant Restraints”
yourself (normal position) to return to low beam.
in “Things To Know Before Starting Your Vehicle” for
8. Seat Belt Reminder Light
further information.
When the ignition switch is first turned to ON/
RUN, this light will turn on for four to eight
seconds as a bulb check. During the bulb check, if
the driver’s seat belt is unbuckled, a chime will sound.
After the bulb check or when driving, if the driver’s seat
belt remains unbuckled, the seat belt reminder light will
10. Engine Oil Pressure
The pointer should always indicate some oil pressure
when the engine is running. A continuous high or low
reading under normal driving conditions may indicate a
lubrication system malfunction. Immediate service
should be obtained from an authorized dealer.
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22 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
If the gauge pointer moves to either extreme of the gauge, 14. Fuel Gauge
the Check Gauges indicator will illuminate and a single
Shows level of fuel in tank when ignition switch is in the
chime will sound.
ON/RUN position.
11. Speedometer
15. Vehicle Security Light — If Equipped
The speedometer shows the vehicle speed in miles per
This light will flash at a fast rate for approxihour and/or kilometers per hour (mph/km/h).
mately 15 seconds, when the vehicle security
12. Park/Headlight ON Indicator — If Equipped
alarm is arming, and then will flash slowly
until the vehicle is disarmed.
This indicator will illuminate when the park
lights or headlights are turned on.
16. Tire Pressure Monitoring Telltale Light
Each tire, including the spare (if provided),
should be checked monthly when cold and inflated to the inflation pressure recommended by
The cargo light will illuminate when the cargo
the vehicle manufacturer on the vehicle placard
light is activated by pressing the cargo light
or tire inflation pressure label. (If your vehicle has tires of
button on the headlight switch.
a different size than the size indicated on the vehicle
placard or tire inflation pressure label, you should determine the proper tire inflation pressure for those tires.)
13. Cargo Light
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 23
As an added safety feature, your vehicle has been
equipped with a Tire Pressure Monitoring System
(TPMS) that illuminates a low tire pressure telltale when
one or more of your tires is significantly under-inflated.
Accordingly, when the low tire pressure telltale illuminates, you should stop and check your tires as soon as
possible, and inflate them to the proper pressure. Driving
on a significantly under-inflated tire causes the tire to
overheat and can lead to tire failure. Under-inflation also
reduces fuel efficiency and tire tread life, and may affect
the vehicle’s handling and stopping ability.
Please note that the TPMS is not a substitute for proper
tire maintenance, and it is the driver’s responsibility to
maintain correct tire pressure, even if under-inflation has
not reached the level to trigger illumination of the TPMS
low tire pressure telltale.
Your vehicle has also been equipped with a TPMS
malfunction indicator to indicate when the system is not
operating properly. The TPMS malfunction indicator is
combined with the low tire pressure telltale. When the
system detects a malfunction, the telltale will flash for
approximately one minute and then remain continuously
illuminated. This sequence will continue upon subsequent vehicle start-ups as long as the malfunction exists.
When the malfunction indicator is illuminated, the system may not be able to detect or signal low tire pressure
as intended. TPMS malfunctions may occur for a variety
of reasons, including the installation of replacement or
alternate tires or wheels on the vehicle that prevent the
TPMS from functioning properly. Always check the
TPMS malfunction telltale after replacing one or more
tires or wheels on your vehicle, to ensure that the
replacement or alternate tires and wheels allow the TPMS
to continue to function properly.
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24 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
CAUTION!
The TPMS has been optimized for the original
equipment tires and wheels. TPMS pressures and
warning have been established for the tire size
equipped on your vehicle. Undesirable system operation or sensor damage may result when using replacement equipment that is not of the same size,
type, and/or style. Aftermarket wheels can cause
sensor damage. Do not use tire sealant from a can or
balance beads if your vehicle is equipped with a
TPMS, as damage to the sensors may result.
17. Front Fog Light Indicator — If Equipped
This indicator will illuminate when the front fog
lights are on.
18. Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC)
The Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC) features a driver-interactive display that is located in the
instrument cluster. For further information, refer to
“Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC)”.
19. Transmission Gear Position Indicator
The Transmission Gear Position Indicator is selfcontained within the instrument cluster. It displays the
NOTE: The TPMS telltale is also accompanied by a “Low
gear range of the automatic transmission.
Tire” message in the odometer (Base Cluster), or in the
Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC) screen indicating “Low Tire” for EVIC enabled clusters.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 25
NOTE: The highest available transmission gear is dis- 22. TOW/HAUL
played in the lower right corner of the Electronic Vehicle
The TOW HAUL button is located on the center
Information Center (EVIC) whenever the Electronic
stack upper switch bank. This light will illumiRange Select (ERS) feature is active. Use the +/- selector
nate when TOW HAUL mode is selected.
on the steering wheel to activate ERS. Refer to “Automatic Transmission” in “Starting And Operating” for 23. Electronic Stability Control (ESC) Activation/
further information.
Malfunction Indicator Light — If Equipped
20. Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC) Menu
The Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC) features a driver-interactive display that is located in the
instrument cluster. For further information, refer to
“Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC)”.
21. Electronic Stability Control (ESC) OFF Indicator
Light — If Equipped
This light indicates that the Electronic Stability
Control (ESC) is in Partial Off or Full Off mode.
The “ESC Activation/Malfunction Indicator
Light” in the instrument cluster will come on
when the ignition switch is turned to the
ON/RUN position. It should go out with the
engine running. If the “ESC Activation/Malfunction Indicator Light” comes on continuously with the engine
running, a malfunction has been detected in the ESC
system. If this light remains on after several ignition
cycles, and the vehicle has been driven several miles
(kilometers) at speeds greater than 30 mph (48 km/h), see
your authorized dealer as soon as possible to have the
problem diagnosed and corrected.
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26 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
NOTE:
24. DEF Gauge
The “ESC Off Indicator Light” and the “ESC Activation/ The DEF Gauge displays the actual level of Diesel
Malfunction Indicator Light” come on momentarily each Exhaust Fluid in the DEF tank. Diesel Exhaust Fluid
time the ignition switch is turned to ON/RUN.
(DEF) is required to maintain normal vehicle operation
and emissions compliance. More information is available
Each time the ignition is turned to ON/RUN, the ESC
in the Electronic Vehicle Information (EVIC) section
system will be ON, even if it was turned off previously.
under the heading of Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) WarnThe ESC system will make buzzing or clicking sounds ing Messages.
when it is active. This is normal; the sounds will stop
when ESC becomes inactive following the maneuver that ELECTRONIC VEHICLE INFORMATION CENTER
(EVIC)
caused the ESC activation.
The Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC) features a driver-interactive display that is located in the
instrument cluster.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 27
EVIC Displays
When the appropriate conditions exist, the EVIC displays
the following messages:
• System Setup Unavailable – Vehicle Not in Park
• System Setup Unavailable – Vehicle in Motion
• Perform Service
• Exhaust Filter Full Safely Drive at Highway Speeds To
Remedy
• Exhaust Filter XX% Full – Power Reduced See Dealer
Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC)
• Exhaust Service Required – See Dealer Now
This system conveniently allows the driver to select a
variety of useful information by pressing the switches • Exhaust System – Filter XX% Full Service Required See
Dealer
mounted on the steering wheel.
Refer to “Electronic Vehicle Information Center – If • Exhaust System – Regeneration In Process Exhaust
Equipped” in the Owner’s Manual for further informaFilter XX% Full
tion.
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28 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
• Exhaust System – Regeneration Completed
EVIC Amber Telltales
• Engine Will Not Restart in XXXX mi DEF Low Refill This area will show reconfigurable amber caution telltales. These telltales include:
Soon
• Engine Will Not Restart in XXXX mi Refill DEF
• Engine Will Not Restart Refill DEF
•
•
•
•
Water In Fuel Indicator Light
The “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” will illuminate when there is water detected in the fuel
Service DEF System See Dealer
filters. If this light remains on, DO NOT start
the vehicle before you drain the water from the
Incorrect DEF Detected See Dealer
fuel filters to prevent engine damage. Refer to “MainteEngine Will Not Restart in XXX mi Service DEF See nance Procedures/ Draining Fuel/Water Separator FilDealer
ters” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further informaEngine Will Not Restart Service DEF System See tion.
Dealer
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 29
Wait To Start Light
Low Diesel Exhaust Fluid Light
The “Wait To Start” telltale will illuminate for
This telltale will turn on to indicate the Diesel
approximately two seconds when the ignition is
Exhaust Fluid (DEF) is low.
turned to the RUN position. It’s duration may be longer
based on colder operating conditions. Vehicle will not
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Warning Messages
initiate start until telltale is out. Refer to “Starting Procedures” in “Starting and Operating” for further informa- Your vehicle will begin displaying warning messages
when the DEF level reaches a driving range of approxition.
mately 500 miles (800 km). If the following warning
NOTE: The “Wait To Start” telltale may not illuminate if message sequence is ignored, your vehicle may not
the intake manifold temperature is warm enough.
restart unless DEF is added with in the displayed mileage
shown in the EVIC message.
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30 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
remaining distances. The DEF Low telltale will be on
• Engine Will Not Restart in XXXX mi DEF Low Refill
continuously until DEF fluid is topped off.
Soon – This message will display when DEF driving
range is less than 500 miles, DEF fluid top off is • Engine Will Not Restart Refill DEF – This message
required with in the displayed mileage. The message
will display when the DEF driving range is less than 1
will be displayed in the EVIC during vehicle start up
mile, DEF fluid top off is required or the engine will
with the current allowed mileage and accompanied by
not restart. The message will be displayed in the EVIC
a single chime. The remaining mileage can be pulled
during vehicle start up, and it will be accompanied by
up anytime by way of the “Messages” list within the
a single chime. The DEF Low telltale will be illumiEVIC
nated continuously until DEF fluid tank is filled with a
minimum of two gallons of DEF.
• Engine Will Not Restart in XXXX mi Refill DEF –
This message will display when DEF driving range is
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Fault Warning
less than 200 miles. It is also displayed at 150 miles and
Messages
100 miles. DEF fluid top off is required with in the
displayed mileage. The message will be displayed in There are different messages which are displayed if the
the EVIC during vehicle start up with an updated vehicle detects that the DEF system has been filled with
distance mileage, and it will be accompanied by a a fluid other than DEF, has experienced component
single chime. Stating at 100 miles, remaining range will failures, or when tampering has been detected.
be continuously displayed while operating the vehicle.
Chimes will also accompany the 75, 50 and 25 mile
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 31
When the DEF system needs to be serviced the following
warnings will display:
not corrected in 50 miles, vehicle will enter the Engine
Will not restart in XXX mi Service DEF See dealer
warning stage and message.
• Service DEF System See Dealer — This message will
display when the fault is initially detected and each • Engine Will Not Restart in XXX mi Service DEF See
time the vehicle is started. The message will be accomDealer — This message is first displayed if the fault
detected is not serviced after 50 miles of operation. It is
panied by a single chime and the Malfunction Indicator Light. We recommend you drive to your nearest
also displayed at 150 miles 125 miles and 100 miles.
authorized dealer and have your vehicle serviced
System service is required within the displayed mileage. The message will be displayed in the EVIC during
immediately. If not corrected in 50 miles, vehicle will
vehicle start up with an updated distance mileage, and
enter the “Engine Will not restart in XXXmi Service
DEF See dealer” warning stage and message.
it will be accompanied by a single chime. Starting at
100 miles, remaining range will be continuously dis• Incorrect DEF Detected See Dealer — This message
played while operating the vehicle. Chimes will also
will display if the DEF system has detected the incoraccompany the 75, 50 and 25 mile remaining distances.
rect fluid has been introduced to the DEF tank. The
We recommend you drive to your nearest authorized
message will be accompanied by a single chime. We
dealer and have your vehicle serviced immediately.
recommend you drive to your nearest authorized
dealer and have your vehicle serviced immediately. If
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32 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
• Engine Will Not Restart Service DEF System See • Engine Will Not Start Service DEF System See
Dealer — This message will display if DEF system
Dealer — This message will display when the fault
issue detected is not serviced during the allowed
detected is not serviced after the Engine will not restart
period. Your engine will not restart unless your vehicle
Service DEF System See Dealer message is displayed
on the next subsequent restart. Your engine will not
is serviced by your authorized dealer. This message
will be displayed when under 1 mile until engine will
start unless you vehicle is serviced by your authorized
dealer. The message will be accompanied by a single
not start and each time the vehicle is started, and will
be continuously displayed. The message will be acchime. Your Malfunction Indicator Light will be concompanied by a single chime. Your Malfunction Inditinuously illuminated. If the message appears and you
can not start the engine, we recommend you have your
cator Light will be continuously illumined. We highly
vehicle towed to your nearest authorized dealer imrecommend you drive to your nearest authorized
dealer if the message appears while engine is running.
mediately.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 33
Vehicle Information (Customer Information
Features)
• Trans Temperature
Displays the actual transmission sump temperature.
Press and release the UP or DOWN button until “Vehicle
• Tire Pressure Monitor System
Info” displays in the EVIC and press the SELECT button.
Press the RIGHT and LEFT button to scroll through the Displays the actual tire pressure.
available information displays, then press SELECT to
• Oil Life
display anyone of the following choices.
Displays the actual oil life.
• Battery Voltage
Displays the actual battery voltage.
• Coolant Temp
Displays the actual coolant temperature.
• Engine Hours
Displays the actual engine hours.
• Fuel Filter Life & Gauge Summary
Displays the actual fuel filter life.
3
STARTING AND OPERATING
CONTENTS
䡵 STARTING PROCEDURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
▫ Stopping The Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
▫ Normal Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
▫ Cooling System Tips – Automatic
Transmission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
▫ Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
▫ Keyless Enter-N-Go™ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
▫ Extreme Cold Weather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
▫ Starting Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
䡵 NORMAL OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
▫ Cold Weather Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
▫ Engine Idling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
䡵 ENGINE BLOCK HEATER — IF EQUIPPED . . . .46
䡵 FUEL REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
▫ Fuel Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
▫ Biodiesel Fuel Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
䡵 TRAILER TOWING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
▫ Common Towing Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
▫ Trailer Hitch Classification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
4
36 STARTING AND OPERATING
▫ Trailer Towing Weights (Maximum Trailer
䡵 ADDING FUEL – 1500 DIESEL MODELS
Weight Ratings) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
▫ Avoid Using Contaminated Fuel . . . . . .
▫ Trailer And Tongue Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
▫ Bulk Fuel Storage – Diesel Fuel . . . . . .
▫ Towing Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
▫ Diesel Exhaust Fluid Storage . . . . . . . .
▫ Towing Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68
▫ Adding Diesel Exhaust Fluid . . . . . . . .
䡵 DIESEL EXHAUST FLUID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
▫ System Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
. . . . . .71
. . . . . .74
. . . . . .74
. . . . . .75
. . . . . .76
STARTING AND OPERATING 37
STARTING PROCEDURES
WARNING! (Continued)
Before starting your vehicle, adjust your seat, both inside
and outside mirrors, and fasten your seat belts.
The starter is allowed to crank for up to 30-second
intervals. Waiting a few minutes between such intervals
will protect the starter from overheating.
WARNING!
Never leave children alone in a vehicle, or with
access to an unlocked vehicle. Leaving children in a
vehicle unattended is dangerous for a number of
reasons. A child or others could be seriously or
fatally injured. Children should be warned not to
touch the parking brake, brake pedal or the shift
lever. Do not leave the key fob in or near the vehicle
(or in a location accessible to children), and do not
(Continued)
leave the ignition of a vehicle equipped with Keyless
Enter-N-Go™ ACC or RUN mode. A child could
operate power windows, other controls, or move the
vehicle.
NOTE: Engine start up in very low ambient temperature
could result in evident white smoke. This condition will
disappear as the engine warms up.
CAUTION!
• The engine is allowed to crank as long as 30
seconds. If the engine fails to start during this
period, please wait at least two minutes for the
starter to cool before repeating start procedure.
(Continued)
4
38 STARTING AND OPERATING
CAUTION! (Continued)
• If the “Water in Fuel Indicator Light” remains on,
DO NOT START engine before you drain the water
from the fuel filters to avoid engine damage. Refer
to “Maintenance Procedures/Draining Fuel/Water
Separator Filter” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for
further information.
Normal Starting
Automatic Transmission
Start the engine with the shift lever in the NEUTRAL or
PARK position. Apply the brake before shifting to any
driving range.
Tip Start Feature
Do not press the accelerator. Turn the ignition switch
briefly to the START position and release it. The starter
motor will continue to run but will automatically disengage when the engine is running.
Normal starting of either a warm or cold engine is
obtained without pumping or pressing the accelerator Keyless Enter-N-Go™
pedal. Turn the key fob to the START position and release
This feature allows the driver to operwhen the engine starts. If the engine fails to start, turn the
ate the ignition switch with the push
key fob to the OFF position, wait five seconds, then
of a button, as long as the Remote
repeat the “Normal Starting” procedure.
Start/Keyless Enter-N-Go™ Key Fob
is in the passenger compartment.
STARTING AND OPERATING 39
Normal Starting Procedure – Keyless Enter-N-Go™
Observe the instrument panel cluster lights when starting
the engine.
NOTE: Normal starting of either a cold or a warm
engine is obtained without pumping or pressing the
accelerator pedal
1. Always apply the parking brake.
CAUTION!
If the “Water in Fuel Indicator Light” remains on, DO
NOT START the engine before you drain the water
from the fuel filters to avoid engine damage. Refer to
“Maintenance Procedures/Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
2. For vehicles equipped with an automatic transmis- 4. The system will take over and attempt to start the
vehicle. If the vehicle fails to start, the starter will
sion, place the shift lever into the PARK position.
disengage automatically after 30 seconds.
3. Press and hold the brake pedal while pressing the
5. If you wish to stop the cranking of the engine prior to
ENGINE START/STOP button once.
the engine starting, press the button again.
NOTE: A delay of the start of up to five seconds is
possible under very cold conditions. The ⬙Wait to Start⬙ 6. Check that the oil pressure warning light has turned
off.
telltale will be illuminated during the pre-heat process
and the start will commence upon the telltale going out.
7. Release the parking brake.
4
40 STARTING AND OPERATING
• A Diesel Pre-Heat system both improves engine starting and reduces the amount of white smoke generated
The engine block heater is a resistance heater installed in
by a warming engine.
the water jacket of the engine. It requires a 110–115 Volt
AC electrical outlet with a grounded, three-wire exten- Starting Fluids
sion cord. Its use is recommended for environments that
The engine is equipped with a glow plug preheating
routinely fall below -10°F. It should be used when the
system. If the instructions in this manual are followed,
vehicle has not been running overnight or longer periods
the engine should start in all conditions and no type of
and should be plugged in two hours prior to start. Its use
starting fluid should be used.
is required for cold starts with temperatures under -20°F.
Extreme Cold Weather
NOTE: The engine block heater cord is a factory installed option. If your vehicle is not equipped, heater
cords are available from your authorized MOPAR®
dealer.
• A 12 Volt heater built into the fuel filter housing aids in
preventing fuel gelling. It is controlled by a built-in
thermostat.
WARNING!
• Do not leave children or animals inside parked
vehicles in hot weather. Interior heat build up may
cause serious injury or death.
• When leaving the vehicle, always remove the key
fob and lock your vehicle.
(Continued)
STARTING AND OPERATING 41
WARNING! (Continued)
• Never leave children alone in a vehicle, or with
access to an unlocked vehicle. Allowing children to
be in a vehicle unattended is dangerous for a
number of reasons. A child or others could be
seriously or fatally injured. Children should be
warned not to touch the parking brake, brake pedal
or the shift lever. Do not leave the key fob in or
near the vehicle (or in a location accessible to
children), and do not leave the ignition of a vehicle
equipped with Keyless Enter-N-Go in the ACC or
ON/RUN mode. A child could operate power windows, other controls, or move the vehicle.
NORMAL OPERATION
Observe the following when the diesel engine is operating.
• All message center lights are off.
• Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL) is off.
• Engine Oil Pressure telltale is not illuminated.
• Voltmeter operation:
The voltmeter may show a gauge fluctuation at various
engine temperatures. This is caused by the glow plug
heating system. The number of cycles and the length of
the cycling operation is controlled by the engine control
module. Glow plug heater operation can run for several
minutes, once the heater operation is complete the voltmeter needle will stabilize.
4
42 STARTING AND OPERATING
Cold Weather Precautions
NOTE:
Operation in ambient temperature below 32°F (0°C) may • Use of Climatized Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel or
require special considerations. The following charts sugNumber 1 Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel results in a
gest these options:
noticeable decrease in fuel economy.
Fuel Operating Range
NOTE: Use “Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuels” ONLY.
• Climatized Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel is a blend of
Number 2 Ultra Low Sulfur and Number 1 Ultra Low
Sulfur Diesel Fuels which reduces the temperature at
which wax crystals form in fuel.
• The fuel grade should be clearly marked on the pump
at the fuel station.
• The engine requires the use of “Ultra Low Sulfur
Diesel Fuel”. Use of incorrect fuel could result in
engine and exhaust system damage. Refer to “Fuel
Requirements” in “Starting and Operating” for further
information.
*No. 1 Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel should only be used
where extended arctic conditions (-10°F/-23°C) exist.
STARTING AND OPERATING 43
and injector nozzles. Also, the unburned fuel can enter
the crankcase, diluting the oil and causing rapid wear to
Refer to “Maintenance Procedures” in “Maintaining Your
the engine.
Vehicle” for the correct engine oil viscosity.
Stopping The Engine
Engine Warm-Up
Engine Oil Usage
Idle the engine a few minutes before routine shutdown.
After full load operation, idle the engine three to five
minutes before shutting it down. This idle period will
allow the lubricating oil and coolant to carry excess heat
away from the combustion chamber, bearings, internal
If temperatures are below 32°F (0°C), operate the engine components, and turbocharger. This is especially imporat moderate speeds for five minutes before full loads are tant for turbocharged diesel engines.
applied.
NOTE: Refer to the following chart for proper engine
Engine Idling
shutdown.
Avoid full throttle operation when the engine is cold.
When starting a cold engine, bring the engine up to
operating speed slowly to allow the oil pressure to
stabilize as the engine warms up.
Avoid prolonged idling, long periods of idling may be
harmful to your engine because combustion chamber
temperatures can drop so low that the fuel may not burn
completely. Incomplete combustion allows carbon and
varnish to form on piston rings, cylinder head valves,
4
44 STARTING AND OPERATING
Driving
Condition
Stop and
Go
Stop and
Go
Highway
Speeds
City Traffic
Highway
Speeds
Uphill
Grade
Load
Empty
Turbocharger
Temperature
Cool
Medium
Medium
Maximum
GCWR
Maximum
GCWR
Maximum
GCWR
Warm
Hot
Idle Time
(min.) Before Engine Shutdown
Less than
One
One
Two
NOTE: Under certain conditions the engine fan will run
after the engine is turned off. These conditions are under
high load and high temperature conditions.
Cooling System Tips – Automatic Transmission
To reduce potential for engine and transmission overheating in high ambient temperature conditions, take the
following actions:
• City Driving —
When stopped, shift the transmission into NEUTRAL
and increase engine idle speed.
Three
• Highway Driving —
Reduce your speed.
Four
• Up Steep Hills —
Select a lower transmission gear.
Five
• Air Conditioning —
Turn it off temporarily.
STARTING AND OPERATING 45
Do Not Operate The Engine With Low Oil
Pressure
If the low oil pressure warning light turns on while
driving, stop the vehicle and shut down the engine as
soon as possible. A chime will sound when the light turns
on.
Do Not Operate The Engine With Failed Parts
All engine failures give some warning before the parts
fail. Be on the alert for changes in performance, sounds,
and visual evidence that the engine requires service.
Some important clues are:
• engine misfiring or vibrating severely
NOTE: Do not operate the vehicle until the cause it • sudden loss of power
corrected. This light does not show how much oil is in the
engine. The engine oil level must be checked under the • unusual engine noises
hood.
• fuel, oil or coolant leaks
CAUTION!
If oil pressure falls to less than normal readings, shut
the engine off immediately. Failure to do so could
result in immediate and severe engine damage.
• sudden change, outside the normal operating range, in
the engine operating temperature
• excessive smoke
• oil pressure drop
4
46 STARTING AND OPERATING
ENGINE BLOCK HEATER — IF EQUIPPED
The engine block heater warms engine coolant and
permits quicker starts in cold weather. Connect the heater
cord to a ground-fault interrupter protected 110–115 Volt
AC electrical outlet with a grounded, three-wire extension cord.
Its use is recommended for environments that routinely
fall below -10°F (-23°C). It should be used when the
vehicle has not been running overnight or longer periods
and should be plugged in two hours prior to start. Its use
is required for cold starts with temperatures under -20°F
(-28°C).
WARNING!
Remember to disconnect the cord before driving.
Damage to the 110–115 Volt electrical cord could
cause electrocution.
NOTE: The block heater will require 110 Volts AC and
6.5 Amps to activate the heater element.
FUEL REQUIREMENTS
Use good quality diesel fuel from a reputable supplier in
your vehicle. Federal law requires that you must fuel this
vehicle with Ultra Low Sulfur Highway Diesel fuel (15
To ensure reliable starting at these temperatures, use of ppm Sulfur maximum) and prohibits the use of Low
an externally powered electric engine block heater (avail- Sulfur Highway Diesel fuel (500 ppm Sulfur maximum)
to avoid damage to the emissions control system. For
able from your authorized dealer) is recommended.
most year-round service, No. 2 diesel fuel meeting ASTM
(formerly known as the American Society for Testing and
Materials) specification D-975 Grade S15 will provide
STARTING AND OPERATING 47
good performance. If the vehicle is exposed to extreme
cold (below 20°F or -7°C), or is required to operate at
colder-than-normal conditions for prolonged periods,
use climatized No. 2 diesel fuel or dilute the No. 2 diesel
fuel with 50% No. 1 diesel fuel. This will provide better
protection from fuel gelling or wax-plugging of the fuel
filters.
WARNING!
Do not use alcohol or gasoline as a fuel blending
agent. They can be unstable under certain conditions
and hazardous or explosive when mixed with diesel
fuel.
fuel conditioners should not be required in your vehicle.
If available in your area, a high cetane “premium” diesel
fuel may offer improved cold-starting and warm-up
performance.
CAUTION!
If the “Water in Fuel Indicator Light” remains on, DO
NOT START engine before you drain the water from
the fuel filter(s) to avoid engine damage. Refer to
“Maintenance Procedures/Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
Fuel Specifications
Diesel fuel is seldom completely free of water. To prevent
This diesel engine has been developed to take advantage
fuel system trouble, drain the accumulated water from
of the high energy content and generally lower cost No.
the fuel/water separator using the fuel/water separator
2 Ultra Low Sulfur diesel fuel or No. 2 Ultra Low Sulfur
drain provided on the fuel filter housing. If you buy good
quality fuel and follow the cold weather advice above,
4
48 STARTING AND OPERATING
climatized diesel fuels. Experience has shown that it also Biodiesel Fuel Requirements
operates on No. 1 Ultra Low Sulfur diesel fuels or other A maximum blend of 5% biodiesel meeting ASTM specifuels within specification.
fication D975 is recommended for use with your diesel
NOTE: If you accidentally fill the fuel tank with gasoline engine. If frequent operation with Biodiesel blends are
on your diesel vehicle, Do not start the vehicle. If you greater than 5% but not greater than 20% (B6 B20) is
restart your vehicle you risk damage the engine and fuel desired, the maintenance schedule is subject to shorter
intervals.
system. Please call your local dealer for service.
The oil and filter change along with fuel filter replacement is subject to shorter intervals when operating your
• A maximum blend of 5% biodiesel meeting ASTM engine on biodiesel greater than 5%. Do not use biodiesel
specification D-975 may be used with your diesel greater than 20%.
engine without any adjustments to regular service
For regular use of biodiesel blends greater than 5% but
schedules.
not greater than 20% (B6 B20) it is important that you
• Commercially available fuel additives are not neces- understand and comply with these requirements. Refer
sary for the proper operation of your diesel engine.
to the “Maintenance Chart” in the “Maintenance Sched• No. 1 Ultra Low Sulfur diesel fuel should only be used ules” section for further direction. Failure to comply with
where extended arctic conditions (-10°F or -23°C) exist. Oil Change requirements for vehicles operating on biodiesel blends greater than 5% but not greater than 20%
NOTE:
STARTING AND OPERATING 49
(B6–B20) will result in premature engine wear. Such wear
is not covered by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Biodiesel is a fuel produced from renewable resources
typically derived from animal fat, rapeseed oil (Rapeseed
Methyl Ester (RME) base), or soybean oil (Soy Methyl
Ester (SME or SOME) base). Biodiesel fuel has inherent
limitations which require that you understand and adhere to the following requirements if you use blends of
Biodiesel greater than 5% but not greater than 20%
(B6-B20). There are no unique restrictions for the use of
B5. Use of blends greater than 20% is not approved. Use
of blends greater than 20% can result in engine damage.
Such damage is not covered by the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty
Biodiesel Fuel Properties – Low Ambient
Temperatures
Biodiesel fuel may gel or solidify at low ambient temperatures, which may pose problems for both storage and
operation. Precautions can be necessary at low ambient
temperatures, such as storing the fuel in a heated building or a heated storage tank, or using cold temperature
additives.
Fuel Quality – Must Comply with ASTM
Standards
The quality of Biodiesel fuel may vary widely. Only fuel
produced by a BQ9000 supplier to the following specifications may be blended to meet Biodiesel blend B6 - B20
fuel meeting ASTM specification D-7467:
• Petrodiesel fuel meeting ASTM specification D-975
and Biodiesel fuel (B100) meeting ASTM specification
D-6751
4
50 STARTING AND OPERATING
Fuel Oxidation Stability – Must Use Fuel Within
Six Months Of Manufacture
Biodiesel fuel has poor oxidation stability which can
result in long term storage problems. Fuel produced to
approved ASTM standards, if stored properly, provides
for protection against fuel oxidation for up to six months.
Fuel Water Separation – Must Use Mopar
Approved Fuel Filter Elements
be maintained with in the suggested schedule. The
regular use of biofuels greater than 5% and less than 20%
require intervals shorter than the outlined 10,000 miles
and must not exceed the suggested schedule. When
routinely operating on biofuels greater that 5% and less
than 20%, oil and filter replacement intervals must not
exceed 8,000 Miles or 6 months, which ever comes first.
Biodiesel Fuel Filter Change Intervals
The use of biofuels require intervals shorter than the
Biodiesel fuel has a natural affinity to water and water
outlined 30,000 miles (48 280 km) and must not exceed
accelerate microbial growth. Your Mopar filtration systhe suggested schedule. When operating on biofuels
tem is designed to provide adequate fuel water separagreater that 5% and less than 20%, fuel filter replacement
tion capabilities.
intervals must not exceed 20,000 Miles (40 233 km).
Fuel In Oil Dilution – Must Adhere To Required
Oil Change Interval
Fuel dilution of lubricating oil has been observed with
the use of Biodiesel fuel. Fuel in oil must not exceed 5%.
To ensure this limit is met your oil change interval must
STARTING AND OPERATING 51
NOTE: Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 8,000 miles (12 875 km) or 6 months, if
regular operation occurs with greater than 5% and less
than 20% biodiesel blends. Under no circumstances
should fuel filter intervals exceed 20,000 miles (40
233 km), if regular operation occurs with greater than 5%
and less than 20% biodiesel blends. Failure to comply
with these Oil Change and fuel filter requirements for
vehicles operating on biodiesel blends up to B20 may
result in premature engine wear. Such wear is not covered by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. The engine
may suffer severe damage if operated with concentrations of biodiesel higher than 20%.
TRAILER TOWING
In this section you will find safety tips and information
on limits to the type of towing you can reasonably do
with your vehicle. Before towing a trailer, carefully
review this information to tow your load as efficiently
and safely as possible.
To maintain the New Vehicle Limited Warranty coverage,
follow the requirements and recommendations in this
manual concerning vehicles used for trailer towing.
Common Towing Definitions
The following trailer towing related definitions will assist
you in understanding the following information:
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR)
The GVWR is the total allowable weight of your vehicle.
This includes driver, passengers, cargo and tongue
weight. The total load must be limited so that you do not
4
52 STARTING AND OPERATING
exceed the GVWR. Refer to “Vehicle Loading/Vehicle Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR)
Certification Label” in “Starting and Operating” for The GAWR is the maximum capacity of the front and rear
further information.
axles. Distribute the load over the front and rear axles
evenly. Make sure that you do not exceed either front or
Gross Trailer Weight (GTW)
rear GAWR. Refer to “Vehicle Loading/Vehicle CertificaThe GTW is the weight of the trailer plus the weight of all
tion Label” in “Starting and Operating” for further
cargo, consumables and equipment (permanent or teminformation.
porary) loaded in or on the trailer in its ⬙loaded and
ready for operation⬙ condition. The recommended way to
WARNING!
measure GTW is to put your fully loaded trailer on a
vehicle scale. The entire weight of the trailer must be It is important that you do not exceed the maximum
supported by the scale.
front or rear GAWR. A dangerous driving condition
can result if either rating is exceeded. You could lose
Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR)
control of the vehicle and have an accident.
The GCWR is the total permissible weight of your vehicle
and trailer when weighed in combination.
STARTING AND OPERATING 53
If equipped, the electronic Trailer Sway Control (TSC)
recognizes a swaying trailer and automatically applies
The tongue weight is the downward force exerted on the
individual wheel brakes and/or reduces engine power to
hitch ball by the trailer. In most cases it should not be less
attempt to eliminate the trailer sway.
than 10% of the trailer load. You must consider this as
part of the load on your vehicle.
Weight-Carrying Hitch
Tongue Weight (TW)
A weight-carrying hitch supports the trailer tongue
The frontal area is the maximum height multiplied by the weight, just as if it were luggage located at a hitch ball or
some other connecting point of the vehicle. These kinds
maximum width of the front of a trailer.
of hitches are the most popular on the market today and
Trailer Sway Control
they are commonly used to tow small and medium sized
The trailer sway control can be a mechanical telescoping trailers.
link that can be installed between the hitch receiver and Weight-Distributing Hitch
the trailer tongue that typically provides adjustable fricA weight-distributing system works by applying levertion associated with the telescoping motion to dampen
age through spring (load) bars. They are typically used
any unwanted trailer swaying motions while traveling.
for heavier loads to distribute trailer tongue weight to the
tow vehicle’s front axle and the trailer axle(s). When used
in accordance with the manufacturer’s directions, it provides for a more level ride, offering more consistent
Frontal Area
4
54 STARTING AND OPERATING
steering and brake control thereby enhancing towing
safety. The addition of a friction / hydraulic sway control
also dampens sway caused by traffic and crosswinds and
contributes positively to tow vehicle and trailer stability.
Trailer sway control and a weight distributing (load
equalizing) hitch are recommended for heavier Tongue
Weights (TW) and may be required depending on vehicle
and trailer configuration / loading to comply with Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) requirements.
WARNING!
• An improperly adjusted Weight Distributing Hitch
system may reduce handling, stability, braking
performance, and could result in a collision.
• Weight Distributing Systems may not be compatible
with Surge Brake Couplers. Consult with your hitch
and trailer manufacturer or a reputable Recreational
Vehicle dealer for additional information.
Fifth-Wheel Hitch
The fifth-wheel hitch is a special high platform with a
coupling that mounts over the rear axle of the tow vehicle
in the truck bed. It connects a vehicle and fifth-wheel
trailer with a coupling king pin.
Gooseneck Hitch
The gooseneck hitch employs a pivoted coupling arm
which attaches to a ball mounted in the bed of a pickup
truck. The coupling arm connects to the hitch mounted
over the rear axle in the truck bed.
Trailer Hitch Classification
The following chart provides the industry standard for
the maximum trailer weight a given trailer hitch class can
tow and should be used to assist you in selecting the
correct trailer hitch for your intended towing condition.
STARTING AND OPERATING 55
Trailer Hitch Classification Definitions
Class
Max. Trailer Hitch Industry Standards
Class I - Light Duty
2,000 lbs (907 kg)
Class II - Medium Duty
3,500 lbs (1 587 kg)
Class III - Heavy Duty
5,000 lbs (2 268 kg)
Trailer Hitch Classification Definitions
Class IV - Extra Heavy
10,000 lbs (4 540 kg)
Duty
Fifth Wheel/Gooseneck
Greater than 10,000 lbs
(4 540 kg)
Refer to the “Trailer Towing Weights (Maximum
Trailer Weight Ratings)” for the Maximum Gross
Trailer Weight (GTW) towable for your given drivetrain.
All trailer hitches should be professionally installed
on your vehicle.
4
56 STARTING AND OPERATING
Trailer Towing Weights (Maximum Trailer Weight Ratings)
The rear bumper is intended to tow trailers up to a 5,000 lbs (2 268 kg) without added equipment or alterations to
the standard equipment.
Ram 1500 Diesel
3.0L Turbo Diesel Eight-Speed Automatic Transmission
1500 ST SLT Bighorn/Lonestar Laramie Outdoorsman
Max Towing: 9,250 lbs (4 196 kg)
Max Payload: 1,520 lbs (689 kg)
NOTE: For additional trailer towing information (maxi- Trailer And Tongue Weight
mum trailer weight ratings) refer to the following website Always load a trailer with 60% to 65% of the weight in
addresses:
the front of the trailer. This places 10% to 15% of the GTW
on the tow hitch of your vehicle. Loads balanced over the
• http://www.ramtrucks.com
wheels or heavier in the rear can cause the trailer to sway
• http://www.ramtruck.ca (Canada)
severely side to side which will cause loss of control of
the vehicle and trailer. Failure to load trailers heavier in
front is the cause of many trailer collisions. Never exceed
the maximum tongue weight stamped on your trailer
STARTING AND OPERATING 57
hitch.
Consider the following items when computing the
weight on the rear axle of the vehicle:
• The tongue weight of the trailer
• The weight of any other type of cargo or equipment
put in or on your vehicle
• The weight of the driver and all passengers.
NOTE: Remember that everything put into or on the
trailer adds to the load on your vehicle. Also, additional
factory-installed options or dealer-installed options must
be considered as part of the total load on your vehicle.
Refer to “Tire Safety Information/Tire and Loading Information Placard” in “Starting and Operating” for further information.
4
58 STARTING AND OPERATING
Towing Requirements
To promote proper break-in of your new vehicle drivetrain components the following guidelines are recommended:
CAUTION!
• Do not tow a trailer at all during the first 500 miles
(805 km) the new vehicle is driven. The engine, axle
or other parts could be damaged.
• Then, during the first 500 miles (805 km) that a
trailer is towed, do not drive over 50 mph (80 km/h)
and do not make starts at full throttle. This helps
the engine and other parts of the vehicle wear in at
the heavier loads.
WARNING!
Improper towing can lead to a collision. Follow these
guidelines to make your trailer towing as safe as
possible:
• Make certain that the load is secured in the trailer
and will not shift during travel. When trailering
cargo that is not fully secured, dynamic load shifts
can occur that may be difficult for the driver to
control. You could lose control of your vehicle and
have a collision.
• When hauling cargo or towing a trailer, do not
overload your vehicle or trailer. Overloading can
cause a loss of control, poor performance or damage to brakes, axle, engine, transmission, steering,
suspension, chassis structure or tires.
(Continued)
STARTING AND OPERATING 59
WARNING! (Continued)
WARNING! (Continued)
• Safety chains must always be used between your
vehicle and trailer. Always connect the chains to
the hook retainers of the vehicle hitch. Cross the
chains under the trailer tongue and allow enough
slack for turning corners.
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a
grade. When parking, apply the parking brake on
the tow vehicle. Put the tow vehicle transmission in
PARK. For four-wheel drive vehicles, make sure
the transfer case is not in NEUTRAL. Always,
block or ⴖchockⴖ the trailer wheels.
• GCWR must not be exceeded.
• Total weight must be distributed between the tow
vehicle and the trailer such that the following four
ratings are not exceeded:
1. GVWR
2. GTW
3. GAWR
4. Tongue weight rating for the trailer hitch utilized.
(Continued)
Towing Requirements – Tires
• Do not attempt to tow a trailer while using a compact
spare tire.
• Proper tire inflation pressures are essential to the safe
and satisfactory operation of your vehicle. Refer to
“Tires – General Information” in “Starting and Operating” for proper tire inflation procedures.
• Check the trailer tires for proper tire inflation pressures before trailer usage.
4
60 STARTING AND OPERATING
• Check for signs of tire wear or visible tire damage • An electronically actuated trailer brake controller is
required when towing a trailer with electronically
before towing a trailer. Refer to “Tires – General
actuated brakes. When towing a trailer equipped with
Information” in “Starting and Operating” for the
a hydraulic surge actuated brake system, an electronic
proper inspection procedure.
brake controller is not required.
• When replacing tires, refer to “Tires – General Information” in “Starting and Operating” for proper tire • Trailer brakes are recommended for trailers over
1,000 lbs (454 kg) and required for trailers in excess of
replacement procedures. Replacing tires with a higher
1,653 lbs (750 kg).
load carrying capacity will not increase the vehicle’s
GVWR and GAWR limits.
Towing Requirements – Trailer Brakes
• Do not interconnect the hydraulic brake system or
vacuum system of your vehicle with that of the trailer.
This could cause inadequate braking and possible
personal injury.
CAUTION!
If the trailer weighs more than 1,000 lbs (454 kg)
loaded, it should have its own brakes and they
should be of adequate capacity. Failure to do this
could lead to accelerated brake lining wear, higher
brake pedal effort, and longer stopping distances.
STARTING AND OPERATING 61
WARNING!
• Do not connect trailer brakes to your vehicle’s
hydraulic brake lines. It can overload your brake
system and cause it to fail. You might not have
brakes when you need them and could have an
accident.
• Towing any trailer will increase your stopping
distance. When towing you should allow for additional space between your vehicle and the vehicle
in front of you. Failure to do so could result in an
accident.
Integrated Trailer Brake Module – If Equipped
Your vehicle may have an Integrated Trailer Brake Module (ITBM) for Electric and Electric Over Hydraulic
(EOH) trailer brakes.
NOTE: This module has been designed and verified
with electric trailer brakes and new electric over hydraulic systems. Some previous EOH systems may not be
compatible with ITBM.
4
62 STARTING AND OPERATING
The user interface consists of the following:
Manual Brake Control Lever
Slide the manual brake control lever to the right to
activate power to the trailer’s electric brakes independent
of the tow vehicle’s brakes. If the manual brake control
lever is activated while the brake is also applied, the
greater of the two inputs determines the power sent to
the trailer brakes.
The trailer and the vehicle’s brake lamps will come on
when either vehicle braking or manual trailer brakes are
applied.
1 — GAIN Adjustment Button
2 — GAIN Adjustment Button
3 — Manual Brake Control Lever
Trailer Brake Status Indicator Light
This light indicates the trailer electrical connection status.
If no electrical connection is detected after the ignition is
turned on, pressing the GAIN adjustment button or
STARTING AND OPERATING 63
sliding the manual brake control lever will display the Adjusting GAIN
GAIN setting for 10 seconds and the “Trailer Brake Status
NOTE: This should only be performed in a traffic free
Indicator Light” will not be displayed.
environment at speeds of approximately 20–25 mph
If a fault is detected in the trailer wiring or the Integrated (30–40 km/h).
Trailer Brake Module (ITBM), the “Trailer Brake Status
1. Make sure the trailer brakes are in good working
Indicator Light” will flash.
condition, functioning normally, and properly adjusted. See your trailer dealer if necessary.
GAIN Adjustment Buttons (+/-)
Pressing these buttons will adjust the brake control 2. Hook up the trailer and make the electrical connections according to the trailer manufacturer’s instrucpower output to the trailer brakes in 0.5 increments. The
tions.
GAIN setting can be increased to a maximum of 10 or
decreased to a minimum of 0 (no trailer braking).
3. When a trailer with electric/EOH brakes is plugged
in, the trailer connected message should appear in the
GAIN
EVIC (if the connection is not recognized by the ITBM,
The GAIN setting is used to set the trailer brake control
braking functions will not be available), the GAIN
for the specific towing condition and should be changed
setting will illuminate and the correct type of trailer
as towing conditions change. Changes to towing condimust be selected from the EVIC options.
tions include trailer load, vehicle load, road conditions
and weather.
4
64 STARTING AND OPERATING
4. Press the UP or DOWN button on the steering wheel 9. If the trailer wheels lockup (indicated by squealing
until “TRAILER TOW” appears on the screen.
tires), reduce the GAIN setting; if the trailer wheels
turn freely, increase the GAIN setting.
5. Press the RIGHT arrow on the steering wheel to enter
Repeat Steps 8 and 9 until the GAIN setting is at a point
“TRAILER TOW”.
just below trailer wheel lockup. If towing a heavier
6. Press the UP or DOWN buttons until Trailer Brake
trailer, trailer wheel lockup may not be attainable even
Type appears on the screen.
with the maximum GAIN setting of 10.
NOTE: 1500 Models Only – Light Electric and Heavy
Light
Heavy
Light
Heavy
Electric will only be available due to the tow capacities of
Electric
Electric
EOH
EOH
the vehicle.
Type of Electric
Electric
Electric
Electric
7. Press the RIGHT arrow and then press the UP or
Trailer
Trailer
Trailer
over
over HyDOWN buttons until the proper Trailer Brake Type
Brakes
Brakes
Brakes
Hydraulic
appears on the screen.
draulic
Trailer
8. In a traffic-free environment, tow the trailer on a dry,
Trailer
Brakes
level surface at a speed of 20–25 mph (30–40 km/h)
Brakes
and squeeze the manual brake control lever com- Load
*Under
*Above
*Under
*Above
pletely.
10,000 lbs 10,000 lbs 10,000 lbs 10,000lbs
STARTING AND OPERATING 65
* The suggested selection depends and may change
depending on the customer preferences for braking performance. Condition of the trailer brakes, driving and
road state may also affect the selection.
EVIC Display Messages
The trailer brake control interacts with the Electronic
Vehicle Information Center (EVIC). Display messages,
along with a single chime, will be displayed when a
malfunction is determined in the trailer connection,
trailer brake control, or on the trailer. Refer to “Electronic
Vehicle Information Center” in “Understanding Your
Instrument Panel” for further information.
CAUTION!
Connecting a trailer that is not compatible with the
ITBM system may result in reduced or complete loss
of trailer braking. There may be a increase in stopping distance or trailer instability which could result
in damage to your vehicle, trailer, or other property.
4
WARNING!
Connecting a trailer that is not compatible with the
ITBM system may result in reduced or complete loss
of trailer braking. There may be a increase in stopping distance or trailer instability which could result
in personal injury.
66 STARTING AND OPERATING
NOTE:
Towing Requirements – Trailer Lights And Wiring
• An aftermarket controller may be available for use
with trailers with air or electric-over-hydraulic trailer
brake systems. To determine the type of brakes on
your trailer and the availability of controllers, check
with your trailer manufacturer or dealer.
Whenever you pull a trailer, regardless of the trailer size,
stoplights and turn signals on the trailer are required for
motoring safety.
The Trailer Tow Package may include a four- and sevenpin wiring harness. Use a factory approved trailer har• Removal of the ITBM will cause errors and it may ness and connector.
cause damage to the electrical system and electronic NOTE: Do not cut or splice wiring into the vehicles
modules of the vehicle. See your authorized dealer if wiring harness.
an aftermarket module is to be installed.
The electrical connections are all complete to the vehicle
but you must mate the harness to a trailer connector.
Refer to the following illustrations.
STARTING AND OPERATING 67
4
Four-Pin Connector
1 — Female Pins
2 — Male Pin
3 — Ground
4 — Park
5 — Left Stop/Turn
6 — Right Stop/Turn
Seven-Pin Connector
1
2
3
4
—
—
—
—
Battery
Backup Lamps
Right Stop/Turn
Electric Brakes
5 — Ground
6 — Left Stop/Turn
7 — Running Lamps
68 STARTING AND OPERATING
When towing a loaded trailer up steep grades at low
speeds (20 mph [32 km/h] or below), holding your
Before setting out on a trip, practice turning, stopping
vehicle in first gear (using the ERS switches) can help to
and backing the trailer up in an area away from heavy
avoid transmission overheating.
traffic.
If you regularly tow a trailer for more than 45 minutes of
Automatic Transmission
continuous operation, then change the automatic transThe “DRIVE” range can be selected when towing. The mission fluid and filter(s) as specified for ⬙police, taxi,
transmission controls include a drive strategy to avoid fleet, or frequent trailer towing.⬙. Refer to “Maintenance
frequent shifting when towing. However, if frequent Schedule” for the proper maintenance intervals.
shifting does occur while in DRIVE, select “TOW/
HAUL” mode or select a lower gear range (using the NOTE: Check the automatic transmission fluid level
before towing (6-speed automatic only).
Electronic Range Select (ERS) switches).
NOTE: Using “TOW/HAUL” mode or selecting a lower Tow/Haul Mode
Towing Tips
gear range (using the ERS switches) while operating the
vehicle under heavy loading conditions will improve
performance and extend transmission life by reducing
excessive shifting and heat build up. This action will also
provide better engine braking.
To reduce potential for automatic transmission overheating, turn the “TOW/HAUL” feature ON when driving in
hilly areas, or select a lower gear range (using the
Electronic Range Select (ERS) switches) on more severe
grades.
STARTING AND OPERATING 69
Electronic Speed Control – If Equipped
Air Conditioning
• Do not use in hilly terrain or with heavy loads.
Turn off temporarily.
• When using the speed control, if you experience speed Air Suspension System
drops greater than 10 mph (16 km/h), disengage until To aid in attaching/detaching the trailer from the vehicle,
you can get back to cruising speed.
the air suspension system can be used. Refer to “Air
• Use speed control in flat terrain and with light loads to Suspension System” in “Starting and Operating” for
further information.
maximize fuel efficiency.
NOTE: The vehicle must remain in the engine running
position while attaching a trailer for proper leveling of
To reduce potential for engine and transmission overthe air suspension system.
heating, take the following actions:
DIESEL EXHAUST FLUID
City Driving
Cooling System
When stopped for short periods of time, shift the trans- Your vehicle is equipped with a Selective Catalytic Remission into NEUTRAL and increase engine idle speed. duction system in order to meet the very stringent diesel
emissions standards required by the Environmental ProHighway Driving
tection Agency. Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) is the
Reduce speed.
4
70 STARTING AND OPERATING
first and only technology in decades to be as good for the The DEF injection system consists of the following comenvironment as it is good for business and vehicle ponents:
performance.
• DEF tank
The purpose of the SCR system is to reduce levels of NOx
• DEF pump
(oxides of nitrogen emitted from engines) that are harmful to our health and the environment to an almost • DEF injector
near-zero level. Small quantities of Diesel Exhaust Fluid
• Electronically-heated DEF lines
(DEF) are injected into the exhaust upstream of a catalyst
where, when vaporized, convert smog-forming nitrogen • NOx sensors
oxides (NOx) into harmless nitrogen (N2) and water
• Temperature sensors
vapor (H2O), two natural components of the air we
breathe. You can operate with the comfort that your • SCR catalyst
vehicle is contributing to a cleaner, healthier world
The DEF injection system and SCR catalyst enable the
environment for this and generations to come.
achievement of diesel emissions requirements; while
System Overview
maintaining outstanding fuel economy, drivability,
This vehicle is equipped with a Diesel Exhaust Fluid torque and power ratings.
(DEF) injection system and a Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) catalyst to meet the emission requirements.
STARTING AND OPERATING 71
Refer to “Electronic Vehicle Information Center ADDING FUEL – 1500 DIESEL MODELS
(EVIC)” in “Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for
1. Open the fuel filler door.
system messages and warnings.
NOTE:
• Your vehicle is equipped with a DEF injection system.
You may occasionally hear an audible clicking noise
from under the vehicle at a stop. This is normal
operation.
4
• The DEF pump will run for a period of time after
engine shutdown to purge the DEF system. This is
normal operation and may be audible from the rear of
the vehicle.
Diesel Fuel and Diesel Exhaust Fluid Fill Location
1 — Diesel Exhaust Fluid Fill Location
2 — Diesel Fuel Fill Location
72 STARTING AND OPERATING
2. There is no fuel filler cap. A flapper door inside the
filler pipe seals the system.
3. Insert the fuel nozzle fully into the filler pipe – the
nozzle opens and holds the flapper door while refueling.
4. Fill the vehicle with fuel – when the fuel nozzle
“clicks” or shuts off the fuel tank is full.
5. Remove the fuel nozzle and close the fuel door.
Emergency Fuel Can Refueling
Most fuel cans will not open the flapper door.
Diesel Fuel and DEF Fluid Filler Door
A funnel is provided to open the flapper door to allow 1. Retrieve fuel funnel from the jack kit located under the
emergency refueling with a fuel can.
front passenger seat.
STARTING AND OPERATING 73
4
Fuel Fill Funnel Location 1500 Models
Emergency Fuel Fill Location
2. Insert funnel into same filler pipe opening as the fuel 3. Ensure funnel is inserted fully to hold flapper door
nozzle.
open.
4. Pour fuel into funnel opening.
5. Remove funnel from filler pipe, clean off prior to
putting back in the jack kit.
74 STARTING AND OPERATING
CAUTION!
To avoid fuel spillage and overfilling, do not “top
off” the fuel tank after filling.
WARNING!
• Never have any smoking materials lit in or near the
vehicle when the fuel door is open or the tank is
being filled.
• Never add fuel when the engine is running. This is
in violation of most state and federal fire regulations and may cause the “Malfunction Indicator
Light” to turn on.
• A fire may result if fuel is pumped into a portable
container that is inside of a vehicle. You could be
burned. Always place fuel containers on the
ground while filling.
Avoid Using Contaminated Fuel
Fuel that is contaminated by water or dirt can cause
severe damage to the engine fuel system. Proper maintenance of the engine fuel filter and fuel tank is essential.
Refer to “Maintenance Procedures” in “Maintaining Your
Vehicle” for further information.
Bulk Fuel Storage – Diesel Fuel
If you store quantities of fuel, good maintenance of the
stored fuel is also essential. Fuel contaminated with
water will promote the growth of “microbes.” These
microbes form “slime” that will clog fuel filters and lines.
Drain condensation from the supply tank and change the
line filter on a regular basis.
NOTE: When a diesel engine is allowed to run out of
fuel, air is pulled into the fuel system.
STARTING AND OPERATING 75
If the vehicle will not start, refer to “Maintenance DEF is subject to freezing at the lowest temperatures. For
Procedures/Priming If The Engine Has Run Out Of Fuel” example, DEF may freeze at temperatures at or below 12°
in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
F (-11° C). The system has been designed to operate in
this environment.
WARNING!
Do not open the high pressure fuel system with the
engine running. Engine operation causes high fuel
pressure. High pressure fuel spray can cause serious
injury or death.
Diesel Exhaust Fluid Storage
NOTE: When working with DEF, it is important to know
that:
• Any containers or parts that come into contact with
DEF must be DEF compatible (plastic or stainless
steel). Copper, brass, aluminum, iron or non-stainless
steel should be avoided as they are subject to corrosion
by DEF.
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) is considered a very stable
product with a long shelf life. If DEF is kept in tempera- • If DEF is spilled, it should be wiped up completely.
tures between 10° to 90°F (-12° to 32°C), it will last a
minimum of one year.
4
76 STARTING AND OPERATING
Adding Diesel Exhaust Fluid
The DEF gauge (located on the instrument cluster) will
display the level of DEF remaining in the tank. Refer to
“Instrument Cluster” and “Instrument Cluster Descriptions” in “Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for
further information.
NOTE: Driving conditions (altitude, vehicle speed, load,
etc.) will effect the amount of DEF that is used in your
vehicle.
DEF Fill Procedure
NOTE: Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts”
in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for the correct fluid type.
1. Remove cap from DEF tank (located on drivers side of
the vehicle or in fuel door).
DEF Filler Cap and Fuel Fill 1500/2500/3500 Models
1 — Diesel Exhaust Fluid Fill Location
2 — Fuel Fill Location
2. Insert DEF fill adapter/nozzle into DEF tank filler
neck.
STARTING AND OPERATING 77
CAUTION!
• To avoid DEF spillage, and possible damage to the
DEF tank from overfilling, do not “top off” the DEF
tank after filling.
• DO NOT OVERFILL. DEF will freeze below 12
degrees F (-11 degrees C). The DEF system is
designed to work in temperatures below the DEF
freezing point, however, if the tank is overfilled
and freezes, the system could be damaged.
• When DEF is spilled, clean the area immediately
with water or use an absorbent material to soak up
and spills on the ground.
• Do not attempt to start your engine if DEF is
accidentally added to the diesel fuel tank as it can
result in severe damage to your engine, including
but not limited to failure of the fuel pump and
injectors.
3. Stop filling the DEF tank immediately when any of the
following happen: DEF stops flowing from the fill
bottle into the DEF tank, DEF splashes out the filler
neck, or a DEF pump nozzle automatically shuts off.
4. Reinstall cap onto DEF tank.
4
78 STARTING AND OPERATING
Filling the DEF tank in cold climates
Since DEF will begin to freeze at 12°F (-11°C), your
vehicle is equipped with an automatic DEF heating
system. This allows the DEF injection system to operate
properly at temperatures below 12°F (-11°C). If your
vehicle is not in operation for an extended period of time
with temperatures below 12°F (-11°C), the DEF in the
tank may freeze. If the tank is overfilled and freezes, it
could be damaged. Therefore, do not overfill the DEF
tank.
Extra care should be taken when filling with portable
containers to avoid overfilling. Note the level of the DEF
gauge in your instrument cluster. On pickup applications, you may safely add a maximum of 2 gallons of DEF
from portable containers when your DEF gauge is reading ½ full.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
CONTENTS
䡵 ENGINE COMPARTMENT — 3.0L DIESEL . . . . .80
▫ Maintenance-Free Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
䡵 MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES . . . . . . . . . . . .81
▫ Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94
▫ Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82
▫ Charge Air Cooler – Inter-Cooler . . . . . . . . . .100
▫ Engine Air Cleaner Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84
▫ Brake System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
▫ Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter . . . . . . . .86 䡵 FLUID CAPACITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
▫ Underbody Mounted Fuel Filter Replacement . . .88 䡵 FLUIDS, LUBRICANTS AND GENUINE
PARTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .104
▫ Priming If The Engine Has Run Out Of Fuel . . .89
▫ Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .104
▫ Intervention Regeneration Strategy – EVIC
Message Process Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
▫ Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107
5
80 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
ENGINE COMPARTMENT — 3.0L DIESEL
1
2
3
4
— Air Cleaner Filter
— Engine Oil Dipstick
— Engine Oil Fill
— Brake Fluid Reservoir
5
6
7
8
—
—
—
—
Battery
Power Distribution Center (PDC)
Washer Fluid Reservoir
Engine Coolant
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 81
MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES
CAUTION! (Continued)
The pages that follow contain the required maintenance
services determined by the engineers who designed your
vehicle.
Besides those maintenance items specified in the fixed
maintenance schedule, there are other components which
may require servicing or replacement in the future.
CAUTION!
• Failure to properly maintain your vehicle or perform repairs and service when necessary could
result in more costly repairs, damage to other
components or negatively impact vehicle performance. Immediately have potential malfunctions
examined by an authorized Chrysler Group LLC
dealership or qualified repair center.
(Continued)
• Your vehicle has been built with improved fluids
that protect the performance and durability of your
vehicle and also allow extended maintenance intervals. Do not use chemical flushes in these components as the chemicals can damage your engine,
transmission, power steering or air conditioning.
Such damage is not covered by the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty. If a flush is needed because of
component malfunction, use only the specified
fluid for the flushing procedure.
5
82 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Engine Oil
Engine Oil Selection
For best performance and maximum protection under all
types of operating conditions, the manufacturer recommends engine oils that meet the requirements of Chrysler
Material Standard MS-11106, and that are approved to
Fiat 9.55535-S1 or Fiat 9.55535-S3 and ACEA C3.
Checking Oil Level
To assure proper lubrication of your vehicle’s engine, the
engine oil must be maintained at the correct level. Check
the oil level at regular intervals. The best time to check 1 — MAX Mark
the oil level is before starting the engine after it has been
2 — MIN Mark
parked overnight. When checking oil after operating the
engine, first ensure the engine is at full operating tem- Checking the oil while the vehicle is on level ground will
perature, then wait for 30 minutes after engine shutdown improve the accuracy of the oil level readings. Add oil
to check the oil.
only when the level on the dipstick is below the “MIN”
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 83
mark. The total capacity from the MIN mark to the MAX Change Engine Oil
mark is 1.3 qts (1.2 L).
Refer to the “Maintenance Schedule” for the proper
maintenance intervals.
CAUTION!
Overfilling or underfilling the crankcase will cause
oil aeration or loss of oil pressure. This could damage
your engine.
NOTE: It is possible for your oil level to be slightly
higher than a previous check. This would be due to diesel
fuel that may temporarily be in the crankcase due to
operation of the diesel particulate filter regeneration
strategy. This fuel will evaporate out under normal
operation.
Engine Oil Viscosity (SAE Grade)
CAUTION!
Your vehicle is equipped with an advanced technology Diesel Engine and an emission device designed
to limit Diesel Particulate Emissions from being
released into the atmosphere. The durability of your
engine and life expectancy of this diesel particulate
filter emission device is highly dependent on the use
of the correct engine oil.
Never operate the engine with oil level below the “MIN” Only use SAE 5W-30 Synthetic Low Ash engine oil which
mark or above the upper “MAX” mark.
recommended for all operating temperatures. This engine oil improves low temperature starting and vehicle
fuel economy.
5
84 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
The engine oil filler cap also shows the recommended
engine oil viscosity for your engine. For information on
engine oil filler cap location, refer to the “Engine Compartment” illustration in this section.
Disposing Of Used Engine Oil And Oil Filters
Engine Oil Filter
maintenance intervals.
Care should be taken in disposing of used engine oil and
oil filters from your vehicle. Used oil and oil filters,
indiscriminately discarded, can present a problem to the
environment. Contact your authorized dealer, service
Materials Added To Engine Oil
station or governmental agency for advice on how and
The manufacturer strongly recommends against the adwhere used oil and oil filters can be safely discarded in
dition of any additives (other than leak detection dyes) to
your area.
the engine oil. Engine oil is an engineered product and its
performance may be impaired by supplemental addi- Engine Air Cleaner Filter
tives.
Refer to the “Maintenance Schedule” for the proper
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts” in
“Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information. The
engine oil filter should be changed at every engine oil
change.
CAUTION!
All air entering the engine intake must be filtered.
The abrasive particles in unfiltered air will cause
rapid wear to engine components.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 85
WARNING!
CAUTION!
The air induction system (air cleaner, hoses, etc.) can
provide a measure of protection in the case of engine
backfire. Do not remove the air induction system (air
cleaner, hoses, etc.) unless such removal is necessary
for repair or maintenance. Make sure that no one is
near the engine compartment before starting the
vehicle with the air induction system (air cleaner,
hoses, etc.) removed. Failure to do so can result in
serious personal injury.
Many aftermarket performance air filter elements do
not adequately filter the air entering the engine. Use
of such filters can severely damage your engine.
Engine Air Cleaner Filter Selection
The quality of replacement engine air cleaner filters
varies considerably. Only high quality filters should be
used to assure most efficient service. MOPAR® engine air
cleaner filters are a high quality filter and are recommended.
5
86 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter
The fuel filter/water separator filter housing is located
above the rear axle next to the fuel tank. The best access
to this water drain valve is from under the vehicle.
CAUTION!
• Do not drain the fuel/water separator filters when
the engine is running.
• Diesel fuel will damage blacktop paving surfaces.
Drain the filters into an appropriate container.
If water is detected in the water separator while the
engine is running, or while the ignition switch is in the
ON position, the “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” will
illuminate and an audible chime will be heard. At this
point you should stop the engine and drain the water
from the filter housing.
Fuel Filter Assembly
1 — Water in Fuel Drain
2 — Fuel Filter Access
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 87
NOTE: Care should be taken in disposing of used fluids
from your vehicle. Used fluids, indiscriminately disIf the “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” remains on, DO carded, can present a problem to the environment. ConNOT START the engine before you drain water from tact an authorized dealer, service station, or government
agency for advice on recycling programs and for where
the fuel filters to avoid engine damage.
used fluids and filters can be properly disposed of in
If the “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” comes on and a your area.
single chime is heard while you are driving, or with the
ignition in the ON position, there may be a problem with Drain the fuel/water separator filter when the “Water In
your water separator wiring or sensor. See your autho- Fuel Indicator Light” is ON. Within 10 minutes of vehicle
shutdown, turn the filter drain valve (located on the
rized dealer for service.
bottom of the filter housing) counterclockwise to drain
Upon proper draining of the water from the fuel filter, the fuel/water, then turn the ignition switch to the ON
“Water In Fuel Indicator Light” will remain illuminated position, and allow any accumulated water to drain.
for approximately 10 seconds. If the water was drained Leave the drain valve open until all water and contamiwhile the engine was running, the “Water In Fuel Indi- nants have been removed. When clean fuel is visible,
cator Light” may remain on for approximately three close the drain valve by turning it clockwise, and turn the
minutes.
ignition switch to OFF.
CAUTION!
5
88 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
If more than two ounces or 60 milliliters of fuel have been
drained, follow the directions for “Priming If The Engine
Has Run Out Of Fuel.”
Underbody Mounted Fuel Filter Replacement
NOTE: Using a fuel filter that does not meet the manufacturer’s filtration and water separating requirements
can severely impact fuel system life and reliability.
CAUTION!
• Diesel fuel will damage blacktop paving surfaces.
Drain the filter into an appropriate container.
• Do not prefill the fuel filter when installing a new
fuel filter. There is a possibility debris could be
introduced into the fuel filter during this action. It
is best to install the filter dry and allow the in-tank
lift pump to prime the fuel system.
Fuel Filter Assembly
1 — Water in Fuel Drain
2 — Fuel Filter Access
1. Turn engine off.
2. Place a drain pan under the fuel filter assembly.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 89
3. Open the water drain valve, and let any accumulated Priming If The Engine Has Run Out Of Fuel
water drain.
4. Close the water drain valve.
5. Remove bottom cover using a strap wrench. Rotate
counterclockwise for removal. Remove the used o-ring
and discard it.
WARNING!
Do not open the high pressure fuel system with the
engine running. Engine operation causes high fuel
pressure. High pressure fuel spray can cause serious
injury or death.
6. Remove the used filter cartridge from the housing and
1. Add a substantial amount of fuel to the tank, approxidispose of it according to your local regulations.
mately 2 to 5 gal (8L to 19L).
7. Wipe the sealing surfaces of the lid and housing clean.
2. Press ignition switch twice without your foot on brake
8. Install a new o-ring into the ring groove on the filter
to put vehicle in Run position. This will activate the in
housing and lubricate with clean engine oil.
tank fuel pump for approximately 30 seconds. Repeat
this process twice.
NOTE: WIF (Water In Fuel) sensor is re-usable. Service
kit comes with new o-ring for filter canister and WIF
3. Start the engine using the “Normal Starting” proce(Water In Fuel) sensor.
dure. Refer to “Starting Procedures” in “Starting and
Operating” for further information.
5
90 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
CAUTION!
CAUTION!
The starter motor will engage for approximately 30
seconds at a time. Allow two minutes between the
cranking intervals.
Due to lack of lubricants in alcohol or gasoline, the
use of these fuels can cause damage to the fuel
system.
NOTE: The engine may run rough until the air is forced NOTE:
from all the fuel lines.
• We recommend you use a blend of up to 5% biodiesel,
that meets ASTM specification D-6751 with your diesel
WARNING!
engine. Use of biodiesel mixture in excess of 20% can
negatively impact the fuel filter’s ability to separate
Do not use alcohol or gasoline as a fuel blending
water from the fuel, resulting in high pressure fuel
agent. They can be unstable under certain conditions
system corrosion or damage.
and be hazardous or explosive when mixed with
diesel fuel.
• In addition, commercially available fuel additives are
not necessary for the proper operation of your diesel
engine.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 91
Intervention Regeneration Strategy – EVIC
Message Process Flow
WARNING!
This engine meets all required EPA diesel engine emis- A hot exhaust system can start a fire if you park over
sions standards. To achieve these emissions standards, materials that can burn. Such materials might be
your vehicle is equipped with a state-of-the-art engine grass or leaves coming into contact with your exhaust
and exhaust system. These systems are seamlessly inte- system. Do not park or operate your vehicle in areas
grated into your vehicle and managed by the Powertrain where your exhaust system can contact anything that
Control Module (PCM). The PCM manages engine com- can burn.
bustion to allow the exhaust system’s catalyst to trap and
Perform Service
burn Particulate Matter (PM) pollutants, with no input or
Your vehicle will require emissions maintenance at a set
interaction on your part.
interval. To help remind you when this maintenance is
Additionally, your vehicle has the ability to alert you to due, the Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC)
additional maintenance required on your vehicle or en- will display “Perform Service”. When the “Perform Sergine. Refer to the following messages that may be dis- vice” message is displayed on the EVIC it is necessary to
played on your Electronic Vehicle Information Center have the emissions maintenance performed. The proce(EVIC):
dure for clearing and resetting the ⬙Perform Service⬙
indicator message is located in the appropriate Service
Information.
5
92 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
exhaust after-treatment system to cleanse the filter to
remove the trapped PM and restore the system to normal
⬙Exhaust Filter XX% Full Safely Drive at Highway Speeds
operating condition.
to Remedy⬙ will be displayed on the Electronic Vehicle
Information Center (EVIC) if the exhaust particulate filter Exhaust System – Regeneration In Process Exhaust
reaches 80% of its maximum storage capacity. Under Filter XX% Full
conditions of exclusive short duration and low speed
Indicates that the Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) is selfdriving cycles, your diesel engine and exhaust aftercleaning. Maintain your current driving condition until
treatment system may never reach the conditions reregeneration is completed.
quired to cleanse the filter to remove the trapped PM. If
this occurs, the “Exhaust Filter XX% Full Safely Drive at Exhaust System – Regeneration Completed
Highway Speeds to Remedy” message will be displayed Indicates that the Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) selfin the EVIC. If this message is displayed, you will hear cleaning is completed. If this message is displayed, you
one chime to assist in alerting you of this condition.
will hear one chime to assist in alerting you of this
Exhaust System – Regeneration Required Now
By simply driving your vehicle at highway speeds for up condition.
to 20 minutes, you can remedy the condition in the
particulate filter system and allow your diesel engine and
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 93
Exhaust Service Required – See Dealer Now
Regeneration has been disabled due to a system malfunction. At this point the engine Powertrain Control Module
(PCM) will register a fault code, the instrument panel will
display a MIL light.
CAUTION!
See your authorized dealer, as damage to the exhaust
system could occur soon with continued operation.
Exhaust Filter Full – Power Reduced See Dealer
The PCM derates the engine in order to limit the likelihood of permanent damage to the after-treatment system. If this condition is not corrected and a dealer service
is not performed, extensive exhaust after-treatment damage can occur. In order to correct this condition it will be
necessary to have your vehicle serviced by your local
authorized dealer.
CAUTION!
See your authorized dealer, as damage to the exhaust
system could occur soon with continued operation.
Maintenance-Free Batteries
Your vehicle is equipped with a maintenance-free battery.
The top of the maintenance-free battery is permanently
sealed. You will never have to add water, nor is periodic
maintenance required.
CAUTION!
It is essential when replacing the cables on the
battery that the positive cable is attached to the
positive post and the negative cable is attached to the
negative post. Battery posts are marked (+) positive
and negative (-) and are identified on the battery
(Continued)
5
94 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
CAUTION! (Continued)
WARNING! (Continued)
case. Also, if a “fast charger” is used while the battery
is in vehicle, disconnect both vehicle battery cables
before connecting the charger to the battery. Do not
use a “fast charger” to provide starting voltage.
you see or hear steam coming from under the hood,
do not open the hood until the radiator has had time
to cool. Never try to open a cooling system pressure
cap when the radiator is hot.
Engine Coolant Checks
WARNING!
Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds. Always wash hands
after handling the battery.
Cooling System
WARNING!
You or others can be badly burned by hot engine
coolant (antifreeze) or steam from your radiator. If
(Continued)
Check the engine coolant (antifreeze) protection every 12
months (before the onset of freezing weather, where
applicable). If the engine coolant (antifreeze) is dirty or
rusty in appearance, the system should be drained,
flushed and refilled with fresh coolant. Check the front of
the A/C condenser (if equipped) or radiator for any
accumulation of bugs, leaves, etc. If dirty, clean by gently
spraying water from a garden hose vertically down the
face of the A/C condenser (if equipped) or the back of the
radiator core.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 95
Check the engine cooling system hoses for brittle rubber,
cracking, tears, cuts and tightness of the connection at the
coolant recovery bottle and radiator. Inspect the entire
system for leaks.
Cooling System – Drain, Flush, And Refill
If the engine coolant (antifreeze) is dirty or contains a
considerable amount of sediment, clean and flush with a
reliable cooling system cleaner. Follow with a thorough
With the engine at normal operating temperature (but rinsing to remove all deposits and chemicals. Properly
not running), check the cooling system pressure cap for dispose of old engine coolant (antifreeze).
proper vacuum sealing by draining a small amount of Refer to the “Maintenance Schedule” for the proper
engine coolant (antifreeze) from the radiator drain cock. maintenance intervals.
The radiator drain cock is located in the lower radiator
tank. If the cap is sealing properly, the engine coolant Selection Of Coolant
(antifreeze) will begin to drain from the coolant expan- Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts” in
sion bottle. DO NOT REMOVE THE COOLANT PRES- “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
SURE CAP WHEN THE COOLING SYSTEM IS HOT.
5
96 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
CAUTION!
CAUTION! (Continued)
• Mixing of engine coolant (antifreeze) other than
specified Organic Additive Technology (OAT) engine coolant (antifreeze), may result in engine
damage and may decrease corrosion protection.
Organic Additive Technology (OAT) engine coolant is different and should not be mixed with
Hybrid Organic Additive Technology (HOAT) engine coolant (antifreeze) or any “globally compatible” coolant (antifreeze). If a non-OAT engine
coolant (antifreeze) is introduced into the cooling
system in an emergency, the cooling system will
need to be drained, flushed, and refilled with fresh
OAT coolant (conforming to MS-12106), by an
authorized dealer as soon as possible.
• Do not use water alone or alcohol-based engine
coolant (antifreeze) products. Do not use additional
rust inhibitors or antirust products, as they may not
be compatible with the radiator engine coolant and
may plug the radiator.
• This vehicle has not been designed for use with
propylene glycol-based engine coolant (antifreeze).
Use of propylene glycol-based engine coolant (antifreeze) is not recommended.
(Continued)
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 97
Adding Coolant
• Mix a minimum solution of 50% OAT engine coolant
that meets the requirements of Chrysler Material Standard MS-12106 and distilled water. Use higher concentrations (not to exceed 70%) if temperatures below
−34° F (−37° C) are anticipated.
Your vehicle has been built with an improved engine
coolant (OAT coolant conforming to MS-12106) that
allows extended maintenance intervals. This engine coolant (antifreeze) can be used up to ten years or 150,000
miles (240,000 km) before replacement. To prevent reduc- • Use only high purity water such as distilled or deioning this extended maintenance period, it is important that
ized water when mixing the water/engine coolant
you use the same engine coolant (OAT coolant conform(antifreeze) solution. The use of lower quality water
ing to MS-12106) throughout the life of your vehicle.
will reduce the amount of corrosion protection in the
engine cooling system.
Please review these recommendations for using Organic
Additive Technology (OAT) engine coolant (antifreeze) Please note that it is the owner’s responsibility to mainthat meets the requirements of Chrysler Material Stan- tain the proper level of protection against freezing acdard MS-12106. When adding engine coolant (antifreeze): cording to the temperatures occurring in the area where
the vehicle is operated.
• We recommend using MOPAR® Antifreeze/Coolant
10 Year/150,000 Mile Formula OAT (Organic Additive
Technology) that meets the requirements of Chrysler
Material Standard MS-12106.
5
98 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
NOTE: Mixing engine coolant (antifreeze) types is not
recommended and can result in cooling system damage.
If HOAT and OAT coolant are mixed in an emergency,
have a authorized dealer drain, flush, and refill with OAT
coolant (conforming to MS-12106) as soon as possible.
Cooling System Pressure Cap
The cap must be fully tightened to prevent loss of engine
coolant (antifreeze), and to ensure that the engine coolant
(antifreeze) will return to the radiator from the coolant
expansion bottle.
The cap should be inspected and cleaned if there is any
accumulation of foreign material on the sealing surfaces.
WARNING!
• The warning words “DO NOT OPEN HOT” on the
cooling system pressure cap are a safety precaution.
Never add engine coolant (antifreeze) when the
engine is overheated. Do not loosen or remove the
cap to cool an overheated engine. Heat causes
pressure to build up in the cooling system. To
prevent scalding or injury, do not remove the
pressure cap while the system is hot or under
pressure.
• Do not use a pressure cap other than the one
specified for your vehicle. Personal injury or engine damage may result.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 99
If an examination of your engine compartment shows no
evidence of radiator or hose leaks, the vehicle may be
Used ethylene glycol-based engine coolant (antifreeze) is
safely driven. The vapor will soon dissipate.
a regulated substance requiring proper disposal. Check
with your local authorities to determine the disposal • Do not overfill the coolant expansion bottle.
rules for your community. To prevent ingestion by ani- • Check the coolant freeze point in the radiator and in
mals or children, do not store ethylene glycol-based
the coolant expansion bottle. If engine coolant (antiengine coolant (antifreeze) in open containers or allow it
freeze) needs to be added, the contents of the coolant
to remain in puddles on the ground. If ingested by a child
expansion bottle must also be protected against freezor pet, seek emergency assistance immediately. Clean up
ing.
any ground spills immediately.
• If frequent engine coolant (antifreeze) additions are
Points To Remember
required, the cooling system should be pressure tested
for leaks.
NOTE: When the vehicle is stopped after a few miles/
kilometers of operation, you may observe vapor coming • Maintain engine coolant (antifreeze) concentration at a
from the front of the engine compartment. This is norminimum of 50% OAT coolant (conforming to MSmally a result of moisture from rain, snow, or high
12106) and distilled water for proper corrosion protechumidity accumulating on the radiator and being vaportion of your engine which contains aluminum compoized when the thermostat opens, allowing hot engine
nents.
coolant (antifreeze) to enter the radiator.
Disposal Of Used Engine Coolant
5
100 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
• Make sure that the coolant expansion bottle overflow Charge Air Cooler – Inter-Cooler
hoses are not kinked or obstructed.
The charge air cooler is positioned in front of the radiator
• Keep the front of the radiator clean. If your vehicle is and the air conditioner condenser. Air enters the engine
equipped with air conditioning, keep the front of the through the air cleaner and passes through the turbocharger, where it is pressurized. This pressurized air
condenser clean.
rapidly reaches high temperature. The air is then directed
• Do not change the thermostat for Summer or Winter
through a hose to the charge air cooler and through
operation. If replacement is ever necessary, install
another hose to the intake manifold of the engine. This
ONLY the correct type thermostat. Other designs may
cooling process enables more efficient burning of fuel
result in unsatisfactory engine coolant (antifreeze)
resulting in fewer emissions.
performance, poor gas mileage, and increased emissions.
To guarantee optimum performance of the system, keep
the surfaces of the charge air cooler, condenser and
radiator clean and free of debris. Periodically check the
hoses leading to and from the charge air cooler for cracks
or loose clamps resulting in loss of pressure and reduced
engine performance.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 101
Brake System
Brake Master Cylinder – Brake Fluid Level Check
The fluid level of the master cylinder should be checked
when performing under the hood service, or immediately if the “Brake System Warning Light” indicates
system failure.
The brake master cylinder has a translucent plastic
reservoir. On the outboard side of the reservoir, there is a
“MAX” mark and an “MIN” mark. The fluid level must
be kept within these two marks. Do not add fluid above
the full mark because leakage may occur at the cap.
With disc brakes, the fluid level can be expected to fall as
the brake linings wear. However, an unexpected drop in
fluid level may be caused by a leak and a system check
should be conducted.
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts” in
“Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
WARNING!
• Use only manufacturer’s recommended brake
fluid. Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine
Parts” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further
information. Using the wrong type of brake fluid
can severely damage your brake system and/or
impair its performance. The proper type of brake
fluid for your vehicle is also identified on the
original factory installed hydraulic master cylinder
reservoir.
(Continued)
5
102 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
WARNING! (Continued)
WARNING! (Continued)
• To avoid contamination from foreign matter or
moisture, use only new brake fluid or fluid that has
been in a tightly closed container. Keep the master
cylinder reservoir cap secured at all times. Brake
fluid in a open container absorbs moisture from the
air resulting in a lower boiling point. This may
cause it to boil unexpectedly during hard or prolonged braking, resulting in sudden brake failure.
This could result in a accident.
• Overfilling the brake fluid reservoir can result in
spilling brake fluid on hot engine parts, causing
the brake fluid to catch fire. Brake fluid can also
damage painted and vinyl surfaces, care should be
taken to avoid its contact with these surfaces.
• Do not allow petroleum based fluid to contaminate
the brake fluid. Brake seal components could be
damaged, causing partial or complete brake failure.
This could result in an accident.
(Continued)
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 103
FLUID CAPACITIES
Fuel (Approximate)
3.0L Diesel Engine
Engine Oil With Filter
3.0 Liter Diesel Engine (SAE 5W-30
Synthetic, API Certified Low Ash)
Cooling System
3.0L Turbo Diesel Engine
(MOPAR® Engine Coolant/
Antifreeze 10 Year/150,000 Mile
Formula OAT (Organic Additive
Technology))
U.S.
Metric
26 Gallons
98.5 Liters
8 Quarts
7.7 Liters
11.6 Quarts
11 Liters
5
104 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
FLUIDS, LUBRICANTS AND GENUINE PARTS
Engine
Component
Engine Coolant
Engine Oil
Engine Oil Filter
Fuel Filters
Fluid, Lubricant, or Genuine Part
We recommend you use MOPAR® Antifreeze/Coolant
10 Year/150,000 Mile Formula OAT (Organic Additive
Technology).
We recommend you use ACEA C3 5W-30 engine oil
meeting Chrysler material standard MS-11106 or Penzoil
Ultra Euro L full sythetic 5W-30 motor oil
We recommend you use MOPAR® Engine Oil Filters.
We recommend you use MOPAR® Fuel Filter. Must
meet 3 micron rating. Using a fuel filter that does not
meet the manufacturers filtration and water separating
requirements can severely impact fuel system life and
reliability.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 105
Component
Fuel Selection
Fluid, Lubricant, or Genuine Part
Use good quality diesel fuel from a reputable supplier in
your vehicle. Federal law requires that you must fuel
this vehicle with Ultra Low Sulfur Highway Diesel fuel
(15 ppm Sulfur maximum) and prohibits the use of Low
Sulfur Highway Diesel fuel (500 ppm Sulfur maximum)
to avoid damage to the emissions control system. For
most year-round service, No. 2 diesel fuel meeting
ASTM specification D-975 Grade S15 will provide good
performance. We recommend you use a blend of up to
5% biodiesel, meeting ASTM specification D-6751 with
your diesel engine.This vehicle is compatible with
biodiesel blends greater than 5% but no greater than
20% biodiesel meeting ASTM specification D-6751
provided the shortened maintenance intervals are followed as directed.
5
106 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Component
Diesel Exhaust Fluid
NOTE: If the vehicle is exposed to extreme cold (below
20°F or -7°C), or is required to operate at colder-thannormal conditions for prolonged periods, use climatized
No. 2 diesel fuel or dilute the No. 2 diesel fuel with 50%
No. 1 diesel fuel. This will provide better protection from
fuel gelling or wax-plugging of the fuel filters.
Fluid, Lubricant, or Genuine Part
MOPAR® Diesel Exhaust Fluid (API Certified) (DEF) or
equivalent that has been API Certified to the ISO 22241
standard. Use of fluids not API Certified to ISO 22241
may result in system damage.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 107
Chassis
Component
Automatic Transmission
Transfer Case
Front Axle – 1500 Four-Wheel Drive Models
Rear Axle
Brake Master Cylinder
Fluid, Lubricant, or Genuine Part
We recommend you only use Mopar® ZF 8&9 Speed
ATF™ Automatic Transmission Fluid. Failure to use the
correct fluid may affect the function or performance of
your transmission.
We recommend you use MOPAR® BW44–44 Transfer
Case Fluid.
We recommend you use MOPAR® GL-5 Synthetic Axle
Lubricant SAE 75W-85.
We recommend you use MOPAR® Synthetic Gear Lubricant SAE 75W-140 (MS-8985). Limited-Slip Rear Axles require the addition of 5 oz. (148 ml) MOPAR®
Limited Slip Additive (MS-10111).
We recommend you use MOPAR® DOT 3 Brake Fluid,
SAE J1703 should be used. If DOT 3, SAE J1703 brake
fluid is not available, then DOT 4 is acceptable.
5
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
CONTENTS
䡵 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE . . . . . . . . . . . . .110
▫ Maintenance Chart – Diesel Fuel Up To B5
Biodiesel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .112
▫ MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE – B6 TO B20
BIODIESEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114
6
110 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
than your authorized dealer, the message can be reset by
referring to the steps described under “Electronic Vehicle
Your vehicle is equipped with an automatic oil change
Information Center (EVIC)/Oil Change Required” in
indicator system. The oil change indicator system will
“Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for further inremind you that it is time to take your vehicle in for
formation
scheduled maintenance.
NOTE: Under no circumstances should oil change interBased on engine operation conditions, the oil change
vals exceed 10,000 miles (16,000 km) or twelve months,
indicator message will illuminate. This means that serwhichever comes first.
vice is required for your vehicle. Operating conditions
such as frequent short-trips, trailer tow, extremely hot or Once A Month Or Before A Long Trip:
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
cold ambient temperatures, and Biodiesel fuel usage will
influence when the “Oil Change Required” message is
displayed. Severe Operating Conditions can cause the
change oil message to illuminate as early as 3,500 miles
(5,600 km) since last reset. Have your vehicle serviced as
soon as possible, within the next 500 miles (805 km).
• Check engine oil level
• Check windshield washer fluid level
• Check the tire inflation pressures and look for unusual
wear or damage
• Check the fluid levels of the coolant reservoir, brake
master cylinder, power steering and transmission as
Your authorized dealer will reset the oil change indicator
needed
message after completing the scheduled oil change. If a
scheduled oil change is performed by someone other • Check function of all interior and exterior lights
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 111
Required Maintenance
Refer to the Maintenance Schedules on the following
pages for required maintenance.
At Every Oil Change Interval As Indicated By Oil
Change Indicator System:
• Change oil and filter.
• Completely fill the Diesel Exhaust Fluid tank.
• Rotate the tires. Rotate at the first sign of irregular wear, even if it occurs before the oil indicator
system turns on.
• Inspect battery and clean and tighten terminals as
required.
At Every Oil Change Interval As Indicated By Oil
Change Indicator System:
• Inspect automatic transmission fluid if equipped
with dipstick.
• Inspect brake pads, shoes, rotors, drums, hoses
and park brake.
• Inspect engine cooling system protection and
hoses.
• Inspect exhaust system.
• Inspect engine air cleaner if using in dusty or
off-road conditions.
6
112 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
60,000
70,000
80,000
90,000
100,000
110,000
120,000
130,000
140,000
150,000
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
32,000
48,000
64,000
80,000
96,000
112,000
128,000
144,000
160,000
176,000
192,000
208,000
224,000
240,000
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
10,000
Mileage or time passed (whichever comes
first)
16,000
Maintenance Chart – Diesel Fuel Up To B5 Biodiesel
Or Years: 1
Or Kilometers:
Additional Inspections
Completely fill the Diesel Exhaust Fluid tank.
Inspect the CV joints.
Inspect front suspension, tie rod ends, and replace if necessary.
Inspect the front and rear axle fluid, change if
using your vehicle for police, taxi, fleet, off-road
or frequent trailer towing.
Inspect the brake linings, parking brake function.
Inspect transfer case fluid.
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Additional Maintenance
Replace fuel filter and drain water from the fuel
filter assembly.
Replace engine air filter.
Replace the air conditioning filter.
Flush and replace the engine coolant at 10 years
or 150,000 miles (240,000 km) whichever comes
first.
Replace accessory drive belt(s).
Change transfer case fluid.
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
60,000
70,000
80,000
90,000
100,000
110,000
120,000
130,000
140,000
150,000
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
48,000
64,000
80,000
96,000
112,000
128,000
144,000
160,000
176,000
192,000
208,000
224,000
240,000
16,000
Or Years: 1
Or Kilometers:
32,000
Mileage or time passed (whichever comes
first)
10,000
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 113
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
6
114 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
WARNING!
• You can be badly injured working on or around a
motor vehicle. Do only service work for which you
have the knowledge and the right equipment. If
you have any doubt about your ability to perform a
service job, take your vehicle to a competent mechanic.
• Failure to properly inspect and maintain your vehicle could result in a component malfunction and
effect vehicle handling and performance. This
could cause an accident.
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE – B6 TO B20
BIODIESEL
NOTE:
• Under no circumstances should oil change intervals
exceed 8,000 miles (12 875 km) or six months, whichever comes first when using Biodiesel blends greater
than 5% (B5).
• The owner is required to monitor mileage for B6-B20
biodiesel, the automatic oil change indicator system
does not reflect the use of biofuels.
Once A Month Or Before A Long Trip:
• Check engine oil level
• Check windshield washer fluid level
• Check the tire inflation pressures and look for unusual
wear or damage
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 115
• Check the fluid levels of the coolant reservoir, brake
master cylinder, power steering and transmission as
needed
• Check function of all interior and exterior lights
Required Maintenance
Refer to the Maintenance Schedules on the following
pages for required maintenance.
At Every Oil Change Interval As Indicated By Oil
Change Indicator System:
• Change oil and filter.
• Completely fill the Diesel Exhaust Fluid tank.
• Rotate the tires. Rotate at the first sign of irregular wear, even if it occurs before the oil indicator
system turns on.
At Every Oil Change Interval As Indicated By Oil
Change Indicator System:
• Inspect battery and clean and tighten terminals as
required.
• Inspect automatic transmission fluid if equipped
with dipstick.
• Inspect brake pads, shoes, rotors, drums, hoses
and park brake.
• Inspect engine cooling system protection and
hoses.
• Inspect exhaust system.
• Inspect engine air cleaner if using in dusty or
off-road conditions.
6
116 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Additional B6 to B20 Maintenance
Replace fuel filter and drain water from the fuel
filter assembly.
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
60,000
70,000
80,000
90,000
100,000
110,000
120,000
130,000
140,000
150,000
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
48,000
64,000
80,000
96,000
112,000
128,000
144,000
160,000
176,000
192,000
208,000
224,000
240,000
16,000
Or Years: 1
Or Kilometers:
32,000
Mileage or time passed (whichever comes
first)
10,000
Maintenance Chart – B6 to B20 Biodiesel
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 117
WARNING!
• You can be badly injured working on or around a
motor vehicle. Do only service work for which you
have the knowledge and the right equipment. If
you have any doubt about your ability to perform a
service job, take your vehicle to a competent mechanic.
• Failure to properly inspect and maintain your vehicle could result in a component malfunction and
effect vehicle handling and performance. This
could cause an accident.
6
RAM 2500 / 3500 / 4500 / 5500
SECTION
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
1
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
1
2
THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
2
3
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
3
4
STARTING AND OPERATING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
4
5
WHAT TO DO IN EMERGENCIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
5
6
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243
6
7
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289
7
INTRODUCTION
CONTENTS
䡵 A MESSAGE FROM CHRYSLER GROUP LLC. . . .124
1
124 INTRODUCTION
A MESSAGE FROM CHRYSLER GROUP LLC
Chrysler Group LLC and Cummins® welcome you as a
Cummins® turbocharged diesel-powered truck owner.
Your diesel truck will sound, feel, drive, and operate
differently from a gasoline-powered truck. It is important
that you read and understand this manual.
Almost 100% of the heavy duty trucks in the United
States and Canada are diesel-powered because of the fuel
economy, rugged durability, and high torque which permits pulling heavy loads. Cummins® engines power well
over half of these trucks. Now this same technology and
proven performance is yours in your truck equipped
with the Cummins® turbocharged diesel engine.
You may find that some of the starting, operating, and
maintenance procedures are different. However, they are
simple to follow and careful adherence to them will
ensure that you take full advantage of the features of this
engine.
NOTE: Some aftermarket products may cause severe
engine/transmission and/or exhaust system damage.
Your vehicle’s Powertrain Control Systems can detect
and store information about vehicle modifications that
increase horsepower and torque output such as whether
or not performance-enhancing powertrain components,
commonly referred to as downloaders, power boxes, or
performance chips have been used.
This information cannot be erased and will stay in the
system’s memory even if the modification is removed. This
information can be retrieved by Chrysler Group LLC, and
service and repair facilities, when servicing your vehicle.
This information may be used to determine if repair will be
covered by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
There is a probability that the use of a “performance
chip” will prohibit the engine from starting. In this
instance, the vehicle will need to be serviced by a
authorized dealer in order to return the vehicle to it’s
factory settings.
THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
CONTENTS
䡵 REMOTE STARTING SYSTEM —
IF EQUIPPED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126
▫ How To Use Remote Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126
䡵 ENGINE BREAK-IN RECOMMENDATIONS . . .130
2
126 THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
REMOTE STARTING SYSTEM — IF EQUIPPED
How To Use Remote Start
This system uses the Remote Keyless Entry All of the following conditions must be met before the
(RKE) transmitter to start the engine conve- engine will remote start:
niently from outside the vehicle while still • Shift lever in PARK
maintaining security. The system has a range of
• Doors closed
approximately 300 ft (91 m).
• Hood closed
NOTE:
• HAZARD switch off
• The vehicle must be equipped with an automatic
• BRAKE switch inactive (brake pedal not pressed)
transmission to be equipped with Remote Start.
• The remote start system will wait for the “Wait To
Start” telltale to extinguish before cranking the engine.
This allows time for the intake heater to pre-heat the
incoming air, and is normal operation in cold weather.
Refer to “Electronic Vehicle Information Center/EVIC
Warning Lights” in “Understanding Your Instrument
Panel” for further information on and “Wait To Start”
telltale and pre-heat cycle.
• Ignition key removed from ignition switch
• Battery at an acceptable charge level
• RKE PANIC button not pressed
• Fuel meets minimum requirement
• Water In Fuel Indicator Light is not illuminated
• Wait To Start Light is not illuminated
THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE 127
WARNING!
• Do not start or run an engine in a closed garage or
confined area. Exhaust gas contains Carbon Monoxide (CO) which is odorless and colorless. Carbon
Monoxide is poisonous and can cause serious injury or death when inhaled.
• Keep Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitters
away from children. Operation of the Remote Start
System, windows, door locks or other controls
could cause serious injury or death.
Remote Start Abort Message On Electronic Vehicle
Information Center (EVIC) – If Equipped
The following messages will display in the EVIC if the
vehicle fails to remote start or exits remote start prematurely:
• Remote Start Aborted - Door Ajar
• Remote Start Aborted - Hood Ajar
• Remote Start Aborted - Fuel Low
• Remote Start Aborted - System Fault
The EVIC message stays active until the ignition is turned
to the ON/RUN position.
To Enter Remote Start Mode
Press and release the REMOTE START button on
the RKE transmitter twice, within five seconds.
The parking lights will flash and the horn will
chirp twice (if programmed). In cold ambient
2
128 THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
temperature conditions, the diesel vehicle may delay crank • The engine can be started two consecutive times (two
15-minute cycles) with the RKE transmitter. However,
up to 30 seconds for the fuel and grid heater. Once the
the ignition switch must be cycled to the ON position
vehicle has started, the engine will run for 15 minutes.
before you can repeat the start sequence for a third
NOTE:
cycle.
• The park lamps will turn on and remain on during
To Exit Remote Start Mode Without Driving The
Remote Start mode.
Vehicle
• For security, power window and power sunroof op- Press and release the REMOTE START button one time or
eration (if equipped) are disabled when the vehicle is allow the engine to run for the entire 15-minute cycle.
in the Remote Start mode.
NOTE: To avoid unintentional shut downs, the system
will disable the one time press of the REMOTE START
button for two seconds after receiving a valid Remote
Start request.
THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE 129
To Exit Remote Start Mode And Drive The Vehicle
Remote Start Comfort Systems – If Equipped
To exit Remote start Mode and Drive the vehicle Before
the end of the 15-minute cycle, press and release the
unlock button on the RKE transmitter to unlock the door
and disarm the Vehicle Security Alarm System (if
equipped). Then prior to the end of the 15 minute cycle,
insert the Key Fob (if equipped) and rotate to RUN.
When remote start is activated, the heated steering
wheel, and driver heated seat features will automatically
turn on in cold weather. In warm weather, the driver
vented seat feature will automatically turn on when the
remote start is activated. These features will stay on
through the duration of remote start or until the ignition
switch is turned to the ON position.
NOTE:
The Remote Start Comfort System can be activated and
• The ignition switch must be in the ON/RUN position
deactivated through the Electronic Vehicle Information
in order to drive the vehicle.
Center (EVIC). For more information on Remote Start
• For vehicles equipped with the Electronic Vehicle Comfort System operation refer to “Electronic Vehicle
Information Center (EVIC), the message “Insert Key/ Information Center (EVIC)/Customer-Programmable
Turn To On” will flash in the EVIC until you insert the Features (System Setup)” in “Understanding Your InstruKey Fob into the ignition swich. Once inserted, the ment Panel”.
message “Turn To On” will flash in the EVIC until you
turn the ignition switch to the ON/RUN position.
2
130 THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
NOTE: Light duty operation such as light trailer towing
or no load operation will extend the time before the
The Cummins® turbocharged diesel engine does not
engine is at full efficiency. Reduced fuel economy and
require a break-in period due to its construction. Normal
power may be seen at this time.
operation is allowed, providing the following recommendations are followed:
For additional vehicle break-in requirements, refer to
“Trailer Towing” in “Starting and Operating” of the
• Warm up the engine before placing it under load.
Owners Manual.
• Do not operate the engine at idle for prolonged
Because of the construction of the Cummins® turboperiods.
charged diesel engine, engine run-in is enhanced by
• Use the appropriate transmission gear to prevent loaded operating conditions which allow the engine
engine lugging.
parts to achieve final finish and fit during the first 6,000
• Observe vehicle oil pressure and temperature indica- miles (10 000 km).
tors.
ENGINE BREAK-IN RECOMMENDATIONS
• Check the coolant and oil levels frequently.
• Vary throttle position at highway speeds when carrying or towing significant weight.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
CONTENTS
䡵 INSTRUMENT CLUSTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .132 䡵 ELECTRONIC VEHICLE INFORMATION
CENTER (EVIC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .143
䡵 INSTRUMENT CLUSTER DESCRIPTIONS . . . . .133
▫ Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC)
Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .144
▫ Vehicle Information (Customer Information
Features). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150
3
132 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
INSTRUMENT CLUSTER
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 133
If the ABS light remains on or turns on while driving, it
indicates that the anti-lock portion of the brake system is
1. Tachometer
not functioning and that service is required. However,
The tachometer indicates engine speed in Revolutions the conventional brake system will continue to operate
Per Minute (RPM x 1000).
normally if the BRAKE warning light is not on.
INSTRUMENT CLUSTER DESCRIPTIONS
CAUTION!
Do not operate the engine with the tachometer
pointer at high RPM for extended periods. Engine
operation over 3200 RPM (Redline) can result in
significant damage that will not be covered under
warranty.
If the ABS light is on, the brake system should be serviced
as soon as possible to restore the benefits of anti-lock
brakes. If the ABS light does not turn on when the
ignition switch is turned to the ON/RUN position, have
the light inspected by an authorized dealer.
3. Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL)
The Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL) is part of
an onboard diagnostic (OBDII) system which
monitors the emissions and engine control sysThis light monitors the Anti-lock Brake System
tem.
If
the
vehicle is ready for emissions testing, the light
(ABS). The light will turn on when the ignition
will
come
on when the ignition is first turned on and
switch is turned to the ON/RUN position and
remain
on,
as a bulb check, until the engine is started. If
may stay on for as long as four seconds.
the vehicle is not ready for emissions testing the light will
2. Anti-Lock Brake (ABS) Light
3
134 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
come on when the ignition is first turned on and remain
on for 15 seconds, then blink for 5 seconds, and remain
on until the vehicle is started. If the bulb does not come
on during starting, have the condition investigated
promptly.
If this light comes on and remains on while driving, it
suggests a potential engine control problem and the need
for system service.
Although your vehicle will usually be drivable and not
need towing, see your authorized dealer for service as
soon as possible.
CAUTION!
Prolonged driving with the Malfunction Indicator
Light (MIL) on could cause damage to the engine
control system. It also could affect fuel economy and
drivability. If the MIL is flashing, severe catalytic
(Continued)
CAUTION! (Continued)
converter damage and power loss will soon occur.
Immediate service is required.
WARNING!
A malfunctioning catalytic converter, as referenced
above, can reach higher temperatures than in normal
operating conditions. This can cause a fire if you
drive slowly or park over flammable substances such
as dry plants, wood, cardboard, etc. This could result
in death or serious injury to the driver, occupants or
others.
4. Turn Signal Indicators
The arrow will flash with the exterior turn signal
when the turn signal lever is operated.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 135
NOTE:
A continuous chime will sound if the vehicle is driven
more than 1 mile (1.6 km) with either turn signal on.
Check for an inoperative outside light bulb if either
indicator remains on and does not flash, or flashes at a
rapid rate.
5. Engine Coolant Temperature
This gauge shows the engine coolant temperature. The
gauge pointer will likely show higher temperatures when
driving in hot weather, up mountain grades, or in heavy
stop and go traffic. If the red Warning Light turns on
while driving, safely bring the vehicle to a stop, and turn
off the engine. DO NOT operate the vehicle until the
cause is corrected.
CAUTION!
Driving with a hot engine cooling system could
damage your vehicle. If the temperature gauge reads
“H” pull over and stop the vehicle. Idle the vehicle
with the air conditioner turned off until the pointer
drops back into the normal range. If the pointer
remains on the “H” and you hear continuous chimes,
turn the engine off immediately and call an authorized dealer for service.
WARNING!
A hot engine cooling system is dangerous. You or
others could be badly burned by steam or boiling
coolant. You may want to call an authorized dealer
for service if your vehicle overheats. If you decide to
look under the hood yourself, see “Maintaining Your
(Continued)
3
136 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
WARNING! (Continued)
Vehicle.” Follow the warnings under the “Cooling
System Pressure Cap” paragraph.
has been corrected. If the problem is related to the brake
booster, the ABS pump will run when applying the brake
and a brake pedal pulsation may be felt during each stop.
The dual brake system provides a reserve braking capacity in the event of a failure to a portion of the hydraulic
system. A leak in either half of the dual brake system is
This light monitors various brake functions,
indicated by the Brake Warning Light, which will turn on
including brake fluid level and parking brake
when the brake fluid level in the master cylinder has
application. If the brake light turns on it may
dropped below a specified level.
indicate that the parking brake is applied, that
the brake fluid level is low, or that there is a problem with The light will remain on until the cause is corrected.
the Anti-lock Brake System reservoir.
NOTE: The light may flash momentarily during sharp
6. Brake Warning Light
If the light remains on when the parking brake has been
disengaged, and the fluid level is at the full mark on the
master cylinder reservoir, it indicates a possible brake
hydraulic system malfunction or that a problem with the
Brake Booster has been detected by the Anti-Lock Brake
System (ABS) / Electronic Stability Control (ESC) system.
In this case, the light will remain on until the condition
cornering maneuvers, which change fluid level conditions. The vehicle should have service performed, and
the brake fluid level checked.
If brake failure is indicated, immediate repair is necessary.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 137
WARNING!
Driving a vehicle with the red brake light on is
dangerous. Part of the brake system may have failed.
It will take longer to stop the vehicle. You could have
a collision. Have the vehicle checked immediately.
The light also will turn on when the parking brake is
applied with the ignition switch in the ON/RUN position.
NOTE: This light shows only that the parking brake is
applied. It does not show the degree of brake application.
7. High Beam Indicator
Vehicles equipped with the ABS, are also equipped with
This indicator shows that headlights are on high
Electronic Brake Force Distribution (EBD). In the event of
beam. Push the multifunction lever forward to
an EBD failure, the Brake Warning Light will turn on
switch
the headlights to high beam, and pull toward
along with the ABS Light. Immediate repair to the ABS
yourself
(normal position) to return to low beam.
system is required.
Operation of the Brake Warning Light can be checked by 8. Seat Belt Reminder Light
turning the ignition switch from the OFF position to the
When the ignition switch is first turned to ON/
ON/RUN position. The light should illuminate for apRUN, this light will turn on for four to eight
proximately two seconds. The light should then turn off
seconds as a bulb check. During the bulb check, if
unless the parking brake is applied or a brake fault is the driver’s seat belt is unbuckled, a chime will sound.
detected. If the light does not illuminate, have the light After the bulb check or when driving, if the driver’s seat
inspected by an authorized dealer.
belt remains unbuckled, the seat belt reminder light will
3
138 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
flash or remain on continuously. Refer to “Occupant If the gauge pointer moves to either extreme of the gauge,
Restraints” in “Things To Know Before Starting Your the Check Gauges indicator will illuminate and a single
chime will sound.
Vehicle” for further information.
9. Air Bag Warning Light
11. Speedometer
This light will turn on for four to eight seconds The speedometer shows the vehicle speed in miles per
as a bulb check when the ignition switch is first hour and/or kilometers per hour (mph/km/h).
turned to ON/RUN. If the light is either not on 12. Park/Headlight ON Indicator — If Equipped
during starting, stays on, or turns on while
This indicator will illuminate when the park
driving, have the system inspected at an authorized
lights or headlights are turned on.
dealer as soon as possible. Refer to “Occupant Restraints”
in “Things To Know Before Starting Your Vehicle” for
further information.
13. Cargo Light
10. Engine Oil Pressure
The cargo light will illuminate when the cargo
The pointer should always indicate some oil pressure
light is activated by pressing the cargo light
when the engine is running. A continuous high or low
button on the headlight switch.
reading under normal driving conditions may indicate a
lubrication system malfunction. Immediate service
should be obtained from an authorized dealer.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 139
vehicle placard or tire inflation pressure label, you should
determine the proper tire inflation pressure for those
Shows level of fuel in tank when ignition switch is in the
tires.)
ON/RUN position.
As an added safety feature, your vehicle has been
15. Vehicle Security Light — If Equipped
equipped with a Tire Pressure Monitoring System
This light will flash at a fast rate for approxi- (TPMS) that illuminates a low tire pressure telltale when
mately 15 seconds, when the vehicle security one or more of your tires is significantly under-inflated.
alarm is arming, and then will flash slowly Accordingly, when the low tire pressure telltale illuminates, you should stop and check your tires as soon as
until the vehicle is disarmed.
possible, and inflate them to the proper pressure. Driving
16. Tire Pressure Monitoring Telltale Light
on a significantly under-inflated tire causes the tire to
Each tire, including the spare (if provided), overheat and can lead to tire failure. Under-inflation also
should be checked monthly when cold and reduces fuel efficiency and tire tread life, and may affect
inflated to the inflation pressure recommended the vehicle’s handling and stopping ability.
by the vehicle manufacturer on the vehicle Please note that the TPMS is not a substitute for proper
placard or tire inflation pressure label. (If your vehicle tire maintenance, and it is the driver’s responsibility to
has tires of a different size than the size indicated on the maintain correct tire pressure, even if under-inflation has
14. Fuel Gauge
not reached the level to trigger illumination of the TPMS
low tire pressure telltale.
3
140 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
Your vehicle has also been equipped with a TPMS
malfunction indicator to indicate when the system is not
operating properly. The TPMS malfunction indicator is
combined with the low tire pressure telltale. When the
system detects a malfunction, the telltale will flash for
approximately one minute and then remain continuously
illuminated. This sequence will continue upon subsequent vehicle start-ups as long as the malfunction exists.
When the malfunction indicator is illuminated, the system may not be able to detect or signal low tire pressure
as intended. TPMS malfunctions may occur for a variety
of reasons, including the installation of replacement or
alternate tires or wheels on the vehicle that prevent the
TPMS from functioning properly. Always check the
TPMS malfunction telltale after replacing one or more
tires or wheels on your vehicle, to ensure that the
replacement or alternate tires and wheels allow the TPMS
to continue to function properly.
CAUTION!
The TPMS has been optimized for the original
equipment tires and wheels. TPMS pressures and
warning have been established for the tire size
equipped on your vehicle. Undesirable system operation or sensor damage may result when using replacement equipment that is not of the same size,
type, and/or style. Aftermarket wheels can cause
sensor damage. Do not use tire sealant from a can or
balance beads if your vehicle is equipped with a
TPMS, as damage to the sensors may result.
NOTE: The TPMS telltale is also accompanied by a “Low
Tire” message in the odometer (Base Cluster), or in the
Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC) screen indicating “Low Tire” for EVIC enabled clusters.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 141
NOTE: The highest available transmission gear is displayed in the lower right corner of the Electronic Vehicle
This indicator will illuminate when the front fog
Information Center (EVIC) whenever the Electronic
lights are on.
Range Select (ERS) feature is active. Use the +/- selector
18. Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC)
on the shift lever to activate ERS. Refer to “Automatic
Transmission” in “Starting And Operating” for further
The Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC) features a driver-interactive display that is located in the information.
instrument cluster. For further information, refer to 20. Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC) Menu
“Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC)”.
The Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC) fea19. Transmission Gear Position Indicator
tures a driver-interactive display that is located in the
instrument cluster. For further information, refer to
The Transmission Gear Position Indicator is selfcontained within the instrument cluster. It displays the “Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC)”.
17. Front Fog Light Indicator — If Equipped
gear range of the automatic transmission.
21. Electronic Stability Control (ESC) OFF Indicator
Light — If Equipped
This light indicates that the Electronic Stability
Control (ESC) is in Partial Off or Full Off mode.
3
142 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
22. TOW/HAUL
NOTE:
The TOW HAUL button is located on the center The “ESC Off Indicator Light” and the “ESC Activation/
stack upper switch bank. This light will illumi- Malfunction Indicator Light” come on momentarily each
time the ignition switch is turned to ON/RUN.
nate when TOW HAUL mode is selected.
23. Electronic Stability Control (ESC) Activation/ Each time the ignition is turned to ON/RUN, the ESC
system will be ON, even if it was turned off previously.
Malfunction Indicator Light — If Equipped
The “ESC Activation/Malfunction Indicator
Light” in the instrument cluster will come on
when the ignition switch is turned to the
ON/RUN position. It should go out with the
engine running. If the “ESC Activation/Malfunction Indicator Light” comes on continuously with the engine
running, a malfunction has been detected in the ESC
system. If this light remains on after several ignition
cycles, and the vehicle has been driven several miles
(kilometers) at speeds greater than 30 mph (48 km/h), see
your authorized dealer as soon as possible to have the
problem diagnosed and corrected.
The ESC system will make buzzing or clicking sounds
when it is active. This is normal; the sounds will stop
when ESC becomes inactive following the maneuver that
caused the ESC activation.
24. DEF Gauge
The DEF Gauge displays the actual level of Diesel
Exhaust Fluid in the DEF tank. Diesel Exhaust Fluid
(DEF) is required to maintain normal vehicle operation
and emissions compliance. More information is available
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 143
in the Electronic Vehicle Information (EVIC) section
under the heading of Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Warning Messages.
ELECTRONIC VEHICLE INFORMATION CENTER
(EVIC)
3
The Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC) features a driver-interactive display that is located in the
instrument cluster.
Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC)
This system conveniently allows the driver to select a
variety of useful information by pressing the switches
mounted on the steering wheel.
Refer to “Electronic Vehicle Information Center – If
Equipped” in the Owner’s Manual for further information.
144 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC)
Displays
• Exhaust System – Regeneration In Process Exhaust
Filter XX% Full
When the appropriate conditions exist, the Electronic • Exhaust System – Regeneration Completed
Vehicle Information Center (EVIC) Displays the follow• DEF Low Refill Soon
ing messages:
• Speed Limited to 5 MPH in XXX mi Refill DEF
• System Setup Unavailable – Vehicle Not in Park
• 5 MPH Max Speed on Restart, Long Idle or Refuel
• System Setup Unavailable – Vehicle in Motion
Refill DEF
• Service Air Filter
• 5 MPH Max Speed Refill DEF
• Perform Service
• Service DEF System See Dealer
• Exhaust Filter XX% Full Safely Drive at Highway
• 5 MPH Max Speed in XXX mi Service DEF System See
Speeds To Remedy
Dealer
• Exhaust Filter Full – Power Reduced See Dealer
• 5 MPH Max Speed on Restart, Long Idle or Refuel
• Exhaust Service Required – See Dealer Now
Service DEF See Dealer
• Exhaust System – Filter XX% Full Service Required See • 5 MPH Max Speed Service DEF System See Dealer
Dealer
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 145
• Coolant Low
Wait To Start Light
• Engine Power Reduced During Warmup
The “Wait To Start Light” will illuminate when the
ignition is turned to the RUN position and the
intake manifold temperature is below 66°F (19°C). Wait
until the “Wait To Start Light” turns OFF, then start the
vehicle. Refer to “Starting Procedures” in “Starting and
Operating” for further information.
• Engine Power Reduced up to 30-sec During Warmup
• Engine Power Reduced up to 2-min During Warmup
• Active Airbox Service Required See Dealer
EVIC Warning Lights
Water In Fuel Indicator Light
NOTE: The “Wait To Start Light” may not illuminate if
the intake manifold temperature is warm enough.
The “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” will illumi- Low Coolant Level Indicator
nate when there is water detected in the fuel
This telltale will turn on to indicate the vehicle
filters. If this light remains on, DO NOT start the
coolant level is low.
vehicle before you drain the water from the fuel
filters to prevent engine damage. Refer to “Maintenance
Procedures/ Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filters” in
“Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
3
146 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
• Coolant Low - This telltale will turn on to indicate the
vehicle coolant level is low. See “Adding Coolant”
The vehicle will display messages when a derate (engine
under the section “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for more
power reduction) is activated to protect the turbocharger
information.
during engine start up in cold ambient temperatures.
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Warning Messages
• Engine Power Reduced During Warmup - This message
will display during start up when the ambient tem- Your vehicle will begin displaying warning messages when
perature is between 10° F (-12° C) and -10° F (-23° C). the DEF level reaches a driving range of approximately 350
miles (563 km). If the following warning message sequence
• Engine Power Reduced Up To 30 Sec (Seconds)
is ignored, your vehicle may be limited to a maximum
During Warmup - This message will display during
speed of 5 MPH (8 km/H) unless DEF is added.
start up when the ambient temperature is between -10°
• DEF Low Refill Soon – This message will display
F (-23° C) and -25 F (-32° C).
when the low level is reached, during vehicle start up,
• Engine Power Reduced Up To 2 Min (Minutes) During
and with increased frequency during vehicle operaWarmup - This message will display during start up
tion. It will be accompanied by a single chime. Apwhen the ambient temperature is -25° F (-32° C) and
proximately 5 gallons (19 Liters) of DEF is required to
below.
refill the tank when this message is initially displayed
on pickup applications, and approximately 7 gallons
(28 Liters) are required on chassis-cab applications.
Cold Ambient Derate Mode Messages
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 147
• Speed Limited to 5 MPH in XXX mi Refill DEF – This • Add a minimum of 2 gallons (9.5 Liters) of DEF to the
message will continuously display if the “DEF Low
tank in order to avoid vehicle operation at a maximum
speed of 5 MPH (8 km/H).
Refill Soon” message is ignored, and the frequency of
occurance of the chime will increase unless up to 2
• 5 MPH Max Speed Refill DEF – The vehicle will only
gallons (7.5 Liters) of DEF is added to the tank.
be capable of a maximum speed of 5 MPH (8 km/H)
when this message is displayed. Add up to 2.5 gallons
• 5 MPH Max Speed on Restart, Long Idle or Refuel
Refill DEF – This message will continuously display
(9.5 Liters) of DEF to the tank to restore normal vehicle
when the counter reaches zero, and will be accompaoperation.
nied by a periodic chime.
NOTE: A minimum of 2 gallons (9.5 Liters) may be
• The vehicle will only be capable of a maximum speed required to restore normal vehicle operation. Although
of 5 MPH upon the first of the following conditions to the vehicle will start normally and can be placed in gear
after this message has been initially displayed, extreme
occur:
caution should be utilized since the vehicle will only be
• If the vehicle is shutoff and restarted.
• If the vehicle is idled for an extended period of time, capable of maneuvering at a maximum speed of 5 MPH
(8 km/H).
approximately one hour or greater.
• If the system detects that the level of fuel in the tank
has increased.
3
148 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Fault Warning
Messages
There are four different messages which are displayed if
the vehicle detects that the DEF system has been filled
with a fluid other than DEF, has experienced component
failures, or when tampering has been detected. The
vehicle may be limited to a maximum speed of 5 MPH (8
km/H) if the DEF system is not serviced within less than
250 miles (402 km) of the fault being detected.
• 5 MPH Max Speed in 150 mi Service DEF System See
Dealer — This message will display if the DEF system
has not been serviced after the “Service DEF System –
See Dealer” message is displayed. This message will
continuously display until the mileage counter reaches
zero, and will be accompanied by a periodic chime.
The message will continue to countdown until it
reaches zero unless the vehicle is serviced. We recommend you drive to your nearest authorized dealer and
have your vehicle serviced immediately.
When the DEF system needs to be serviced the following
NOTE: Under some circumstances this mileage counter
warnings will display:
may start with a value of less than 150 miles (241 km). For
• Service DEF System – See Dealer — This message example, if recurring faults are detected in a time interval
will display when the fault is initially detected, each of less than 40 hours, the counter may restart at the value
time the vehicle is started, and periodically during where it stopped when a previous fault was temporarily
driving. The message will be accompanied by a single remedied, or at a minimum of 50 miles (80 km).
chime. We recommend you drive to your nearest
authorized dealer and have your vehicle serviced as
soon as possible.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 149
• 5 MPH Max Speed on Restart, Long Idle or Refuel • 5 MPH Max Speed Service DEF System See Dealer —
Service DEF See Dealer — This message will continuThis message will continuously display, and will be
ously display when the mileage counter reaches zero,
accompanied by a periodic chime. Although the veand will be accompanied by a periodic chime.
hicle can be started and placed in gear, the vehicle will
only operate at a maximum speed of 5 MPH. Your
• The vehicle will only be capable of a maximum speed
vehicle will require towing, see your authorized dealer
of 5 MPH upon the first of the following conditions to
for service.
occur:
NOTE: When this message is displayed, the engine can
• If the vehicle is shutoff and restarted.
• If the vehicle is idled for an extended period of time, still be started. However, the vehicle will only operate at
a maximum speed of 5 MPH.
approximately one hour or greater.
• If the system detects that the level of fuel in the tank
has increased.
3
150 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
RAM Active Air System
Your vehicle is equipped with an advanced Ram Active
Air system that provides enhanced performance, especially when towing under demanding hot or high altitude conditions. If the EVIC displays the message “Active Airbox Service Required See Dealer”, vehicle
performance may be reduced until service is performed
by an authorized RAM dealer.
Vehicle Information (Customer Information
Features)
Press and release the UP or DOWN button until “Vehicle
Info” displays in the EVIC and press the SELECT button.
Press the UP and DOWN button to scroll through the
available information displays, then press SELECT to
display anyone of the following choices.
• Battery Voltage
Displays the actual battery voltage.
NOTE: The battery voltage may show a fluctuation at
various engine temperatures. This cycling operation is
caused by the post-heat cycle of the intake manifold
heater system. The number of cycles and the length of the
cycling operation is controlled by the engine control
module. Post-heat operation can run for several minutes,
and then the electrical system and voltmeter needle will
stabilize.
• Coolant Temp
Displays the actual coolant temperature.
• Oil Pressure
Displays the actual oil pressure.
• Trans Temperature
Displays the actual automatic transmission sump temperature.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 151
• Engine Hours
• Exhaust Brake
Displays the total hours of engine operation, and the Displays actual exhaust brake power.
hours in drive and at idle.
• Turbo Boost
• Oil Filter Life
Displays actual turbo boost value.
Displays the percentage of oil filter life remaining, and • Tire Pressure Monitor System
the miles since the last reset.
Displays the actual tire pressure
• Fuel Filter Life
Displays the percentage of fuel filter life remaining, and
the miles since the last reset.
3
STARTING AND OPERATING
CONTENTS
䡵 STARTING PROCEDURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .156
▫ Manual Transmission – If Equipped . . . . . . . .157
▫ Automatic Transmission – If Equipped . . . . . .157
▫ Keyless Enter-N-Go™ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157
▫ Extreme Cold Weather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .161
▫ Normal Starting Procedure – Engine Manifold
Air Temperature Above 66° F (19° C). . . . . . . .162
▫ Starting Procedure – Engine Manifold Air
Temperature 0°F To 66°F (–18°C to 19°C) . . . . .163
▫ Starting Procedure – Engine Manifold Air
Temperature Below 0°F (-18°C) . . . . . . . . . . . .165
▫ Starting Fluids. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .167
䡵 NORMAL OPERATION – DIESEL ENGINE . . . .168
▫ Cold Weather Precautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .168
▫ Engine Idling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .171
▫ Stopping The Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .172
▫ Idle Shutdown. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174
▫ Programmable Maximum Vehicle Speed
(Chassis Cab Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174
4
154 STARTING AND OPERATING
▫ Operating Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174 䡵 MANUAL TRANSMISSION — IF EQUIPPED . . .194
▫ Cooling System Tips – Automatic
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .175
䡵 ENGINE BLOCK HEATER — IF EQUIPPED . . .176
▫ Block Heater Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177
䡵 DIESEL EXHAUST BRAKE (ENGINE B
RAKING) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177
䡵 AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION —
IF EQUIPPED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .179
▫ Key Ignition Park Interlock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181
▫ Brake/Transmission Shift Interlock System . . .182
▫ Six-Speed Automatic Transmission –
If Equipped . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
▫ Shifting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195
▫ Downshifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
▫ Reverse Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .197
䡵 POWER TAKE OFF OPERATION —
IF EQUIPPED (CHASSIS CAB ONLY) . . . . . . . .198
▫ Stationary Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .198
▫ Mobile Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .200
▫ Power Take Off – Aftermarket Installation . . . .201
䡵 ENGINE RUNAWAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .201
䡵 FUEL REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .202
▫ Fuel Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .203
▫ Bio-Diesel Fuel Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . .203
STARTING AND OPERATING 155
䡵 ADDING FUEL – 2500/3500 DIESEL
MODELS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .206
▫ Trailer Hitch Classification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .219
䡵 ADDING FUEL – CHASSIS CAB MODELS . . . .209
▫ Trailer Towing Weights (Maximum Trailer
Weight Ratings) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .219
▫ Fuel Filler Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .210
▫ Trailer And Tongue Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . .222
▫ Avoid Using Contaminated Fuel . . . . . . . . . . .210
▫ Towing Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .223
▫ Bulk Fuel Storage – Diesel Fuel . . . . . . . . . . .210
▫ Towing Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .233
▫ Diesel Exhaust Fluid Storage. . . . . . . . . . . . . .211 䡵 DIESEL EXHAUST FLUID. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .235
▫ Adding Diesel Exhaust Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . .212
䡵 TRAILER TOWING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .215
▫ Common Towing Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . .215
▫ System Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .235
4
156 STARTING AND OPERATING
STARTING PROCEDURES
WARNING! (Continued)
Before starting your vehicle, adjust your seat, adjust both
inside and outside mirrors, and fasten your seat belts.
The starter should not be operated for more than 15second intervals. Waiting a few minutes between such
intervals will protect the starter from overheating.
WARNING!
• Do not leave children or animals inside parked
vehicles in hot weather. Interior heat build up may
cause serious injury or death.
• When leaving the vehicle, always remove the key
fob and lock your vehicle.
(Continued)
• Never leave children alone in a vehicle, or with
access to an unlocked vehicle. Allowing children to
be in a vehicle unattended is dangerous for a
number of reasons. A child or others could be
seriously or fatally injured. Children should be
warned not to touch the parking brake, brake pedal
or the shift lever. Do not leave the key fob in or
near the vehicle (or in a location accessible to
children), and do not leave the ignition of a vehicle
equipped with Keyless Enter-N-Go in the ACC or
ON/RUN mode. A child could operate power windows, other controls, or move the vehicle.
STARTING AND OPERATING 157
Manual Transmission – If Equipped
Apply the parking brake, place the shift lever in NEUTRAL and press the clutch pedal to the floor before
starting the vehicle. This vehicle is equipped with a
clutch interlocking ignition system. It will not start unless
the clutch is fully pressed.
Keyless Enter-N-Go™
This feature allows the driver to operate the ignition switch with the push
of a button, as long as the Remote
Start/Keyless Enter-N-Go™ Key Fob
is in the passenger compartment.
Automatic Transmission – If Equipped
Start the engine with the transmission in the NEUTRAL Normal Starting
or PARK position. Apply the brake before shifting to any
Using The ENGINE START/STOP Button
driving range.
1. The transmission must be in PARK or NEUTRAL.
Tip Start Feature
Do not press the accelerator. Turn the ignition switch 2. Press and hold the brake pedal while pressing the
ENGINE START/STOP button once.
briefly to the START position and release it. The starter
motor will continue to run but will automatically disen- 3. The system takes over and attempts to start the
gage when the engine is running.
vehicle. If the vehicle fails to start, the starter will
disengage automatically after 10 seconds.
4
158 STARTING AND OPERATING
4. If you wish to stop the cranking of the engine prior to To Turn Off The Engine Using ENGINE START/STOP
the engine starting, remove your foot from the brake Button
pedal and press the button again.
1. Place the shift lever/shift selector in PARK, then press
and release the ENGINE START/STOP button.
NOTE: Normal starting of either a cold or a warm
engine is obtained without pumping or pressing the
2. The ignition switch will return to the OFF position.
accelerator pedal.
3. If the shift lever/shift selector is not in PARK, the
NOTE: Under cold weather conditions, the engine may
ENGINE START/STOP button must be held for two
not immediately crank if the ⬙Wait To Start⬙ telltale is
seconds and vehicle speed must be above 5 mph
illuminated. This is normal operation. For vehicles
(8 km/h) before the engine will shut off. The ignition
equipped with Keyless Enter-N-Go™, the vehicle will
switch position will remain in the ACC position until
automatically crank when the ⬙Wait To Start⬙ time has
the shift lever/shift selector is in PARK and the button
elapsed. See the section ⬙Starting Procedure Engine Maniis pressed twice to the OFF position. If the shift
fold Air Temperature 0°F to 66°F (18° C to 19°C)⬙ for more
lever/shift selector is not in PARK and the ENGINE
information.
START/STOP button is pressed once, the EVIC (if
equipped) will display a “Vehicle Not In Park” message and the engine will remain running. Never leave
a vehicle out of the PARK position, or it could roll.
STARTING AND OPERATING 159
NOTE: If the ignition switch is left in the ACC or RUN 3. Press the ENGINE START/STOP button a second time
(engine not running) position and the transmission is in
to change the ignition switch to the RUN position
(EVIC displays “RUN”),
PARK, the system will automatically time out after 30
minutes of inactivity and the ignition will switch to the
4. Press the ENGINE START/STOP button a third time
OFF position.
to return the ignition switch to the OFF position (EVIC
displays “OFF”).
ENGINE START/STOP Button Functions – With
Driver’s Foot OFF The Brake Pedal (In PARK Or
Keyless Enter-N-Go™ Starting Procedure – Engine
NEUTRAL Position)
Manifold Air Temperature 0° F To 66° F (–18° C to
The ENGINE START/STOP button operates similar to an 19° C)
ignition switch. It has four positions, OFF, ACC, RUN
NOTE: The temperature displayed in the Electronic
and START. To change the ignition switch positions
Vehicle Information Center (EVIC) does not necessarily
without starting the vehicle and use the accessories
reflect the engine manifold air temperature. Refer to
follow these steps.
“Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC)” in “Un1. Starting with the ignition switch in the OFF position: derstanding Your Instrument Panel” for further information. When engine temperatures fall below 66°F (19°C)
2. Press the ENGINE START/STOP button once to
the “Wait To Start Light” will remain on indicating the
change the ignition switch to the ACC position (EVIC
intake manifold heater system is active.
displays “ACC”),
4
160 STARTING AND OPERATING
Follow the steps in the “Normal Starting” procedure
except:
CAUTION!
1. Pushing the engine start button with the driver’s foot
on the brake will move the ignition from OFF or ACC
to RUN, and will illuminate the ⬙Wait To Start⬙ telltale.
The engine will not immediately crank, this is normal
operation.
If the “Water in Fuel Indicator Light” remains on, DO
NOT START engine before you drain the water from
the fuel filters to avoid engine damage. Refer to
“Maintenance Procedures/Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
2. The “Wait To Start⬙ telltale will remain on for a period
of time that varies depending on the engine tempera- 4. After the engine “Wait To Start” telltale goes off, the
engine will automatically crank.
ture.
3. While the ⬙Wait to Start⬙ telltale is on, the EVIC will
additionally display a gauge or bar whose initial
length represents the full ⬙Wait to Start⬙ time period.
Its length will decrease until it disappears when the
⬙Wait to Start⬙ time has elapsed.
CAUTION!
The engine may automatically crank when the “Wait
To Start” time has elapsed. To abort the automatic
starting process, ensure the driver’s foot is fully
removed from the brake pedal prior to pushing the
START/STOP button to cycle the ignition off.
STARTING AND OPERATING 161
5. After engine start-up, check to see that there is oil • If the engine stalls, or if the ignition switch is left ON
pressure.
for more than two minutes after the “Wait To Start
Light” goes out, reset the grid heaters by turning the
6. Allow the engine to idle about three minutes until the
ignition switch to the OFF position for at least five
manifold heaters have completed the post-heat cycle.
seconds and then back ON. Repeat steps 1 through 7 of
7. Release the parking brake and drive.
“Keyless Enter-N-Go Starting Procedure – Engine
Manifold Air Temperature Below 66° F (19° C).”
NOTE:
Extreme Cold Weather
• Engine idle speed will automatically increase to 1,000
RPM and engage the Variable Geometry Turbocharger The Cummins® diesel engine is equipped with several
at low coolant temperatures to improve engine warm- features designed to assist cold weather starting and
operation:
up.
• The engine may not automatically crank after the • The engine block heater is a resistance heater installed
in the water jacket of the engine just above and behind
engine ⬙Wait To Start⬙ telltale goes off if a door or the
the oil filter. It requires a 110–115 Volt AC electrical
hood is ajar.
outlet with a grounded, three-wire extension cord.
4
162 STARTING AND OPERATING
NOTE: The engine block heater cord is a factory in- 2. Shift into PARK for an automatic transmission. For vestalled option. If your vehicle is not equipped, heater
hicles equipped with a manual transmission, fully press
cords are available from your authorized MOPAR®
and hold the clutch pedal and shift into NEUTRAL.
dealer.
3. Turn the ignition switch to the ON position and watch
• A 12 Volt heater built into the fuel filter housings aid in
the instrument panel cluster lights.
preventing fuel gelling. It is controlled by a built-in
thermostat.
CAUTION!
• A heated intake air system both improves engine
starting and reduces the amount of white smoke
generated by a warming engine.
Normal Starting Procedure – Engine Manifold Air
Temperature Above 66° F (19° C)
If the “Water in Fuel Indicator Light” remains on, DO
NOT START the engine before you drain the water
from the fuel filters to avoid engine damage. Refer to
“Maintenance Procedures/Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
Observe the instrument panel cluster lights when starting
the engine.
4. Turn the ignition switch to the START position and
crank the engine. Do not press the accelerator during
1. Always apply the parking brake.
starting.
STARTING AND OPERATING 163
CAUTION!
Starting Procedure – Engine Manifold Air
Temperature 0°F To 66°F (–18°C to 19°C)
Do not crank engine for more than 15 seconds at a
time or starter motor damage may result. Turn the
ignition switch to the OFF position and wait at least
two minutes for the starter to cool before repeating
start procedure.
NOTE: The temperature displayed in the Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC) does not necessarily
reflect the engine manifold air temperature. Refer to
“Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC)” in “Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for further information. When engine temperatures fall below 66°F (19°C)
5. When the engine starts, release the key fob.
the “Wait To Start Light” will remain on indicating the
6. Check that the oil pressure warning light has turned intake manifold heater system is active.
off.
Follow the steps in the “Normal Starting” procedure
7. Release the parking brake.
except:
1. The “Wait To Start” telltale will remain on for a period
of time that varies depending on the engine temperature.
4
164 STARTING AND OPERATING
2. While the ⬙Wait To Start” telltale is on, the EVIC will
additionally display a gauge or bar whose initial
length represents the full ⬙Wait To Start⬙ time period.
Its length will decrease until it disappears when the
⬙Wait To Start⬙ time has elapsed.
CAUTION!
If the “Water in Fuel Indicator Light” remains on, DO
NOT START engine before you drain the water from
the fuel filters to avoid engine damage. Refer to
“Maintenance Procedures/Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
CAUTION!
Do not crank engine for more than 15 seconds at a
time or starter motor damage may result. Turn the
ignition switch to the OFF position and wait at least
two minutes for the starter to cool before repeating
start procedure.
4. After engine start-up, check that the oil pressure
warning light has turned off.
5. Allow the engine to idle about three minutes until the
manifold heaters have completed the post-heat cycle.
6. Release the parking brake and drive.
3. After the “Wait To Start” telltale goes off, turn the NOTE:
ignition switch to the START position. Do not press the
• Engine idle speed will automatically increase to 1,000
accelerator during starting.
RPM and engage the Variable Geometry Turbocharger at
low coolant temperatures to improve engine warm-up.
STARTING AND OPERATING 165
• Automatic equipped vehicles with optional Keyless
Enter-N-Go™ – If the start button is pushed once
while in park with the ignition off and driver’s foot on
the brake pedal, the vehicle will automatically crank
and start after the Wait to Start time has elapsed. If it is
desired to abort the start process before it completes,
the driver’s foot should be fully removed from the
brake pedal prior to pushing the start button again in
order for the ignition to move directly to off.
Starting Procedure – Engine Manifold Air
Temperature Below 0°F (-18°C)
In extremely cold weather below 0°F (-18°C) it may be
beneficial to cycle the manifold heaters twice before
attempting to start the engine. This can be accomplished
by turning the ignition OFF for at least five seconds and
then back ON after the “Wait To Start” telltale has turned
off, but before the engine is started. However, excessive
cycling of the manifold heaters will result in damage to
• If the engine stalls, or if the ignition switch is left ON the heater elements or reduced battery voltage.
for more than two minutes after the “Wait To Start” NOTE: If multiple pre-heat cycles are used before
telltale goes out, reset the grid heaters by turning the starting, additional engine run time may be required to
ignition switch to the OFF position for at least five maintain battery state of charge at a satisfactory level.
seconds and then back ON. Repeat steps 1 through 5 of
“Starting Procedure – Engine Manifold Air Tempera- 1. If the engine stalls after the initial start, the ignition
must be turned to the OFF position for at least five
ture Below 66°F (19°C).”
seconds and then to the ON position to recycle the
manifold heaters.
4
166 STARTING AND OPERATING
NOTE: Excessive white smoke and poor engine perfor- NOTE:
mance will result if manifold heaters are not recycled.
• Engine idle speed will automatically increase to 1,000
RPM and engage the Variable Geometry Turbocharger at
2. Heat generated by the manifold heaters dissipates
low coolant temperatures to improve engine warm-up.
rapidly in a cold engine. If more than two minutes
pass between the time the “Wait To Start” telltale turns
• When a diesel engine is allowed to run out of fuel or
off and the engine is started, recycle the manifold
the fuel gels at low temperatures, air is pulled into the
heaters by turning the ignition switch to the OFF
fuel system. If your engine has run out of fuel, refer to
position for at least five seconds and then back ON.
“Maintenance Procedures/Priming If The Engine Has
Run Out Of Fuel” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for
3. If the vehicle is driven and vehicle speed exceeds
further information.
19 mph (31 km/h) before the manifold heater postheat (after start) cycle is complete, the manifold heat• If the engine stalls, or if the ignition switch is left ON
ers will shut off.
for more than two minutes after the “Wait To Start”
telltale goes out, reset the grid heaters by turning the
4. If the engine is started before the “Wait To Start”
ignition switch to the OFF position for at least five
telltale turns off, the preheat cycle will turn off.
seconds and then back ON. Repeat steps 1 through 5 of
5. If the engine is cranked for more than 10 seconds, the
“Starting Procedure – Engine Manifold Air Temperapost-heat cycle will turn off.
ture Below 66°F (19°C).”
STARTING AND OPERATING 167
Starting Fluids
WARNING!
WARNING!
Starting fluids or flammable liquids must never be
used in the Cummins® diesel engine (see Warning
label). Never pour diesel fuel, flammable liquid,
starting fluids (ether) into the air cleaner canister, air
intake piping, or turbocharger inlet in an attempt to
start the vehicle. This could result in a flash fire and
explosion causing serious personal injury and engine
damage.
The engine is equipped with an automatic electric air
preheating system. If the instructions in this manual are
followed, the engine should start in all conditions.
• Do not leave children or animals inside parked
vehicles in hot weather. Interior heat build up may
cause serious injury or death.
• When leaving the vehicle, always remove the key
fob and lock your vehicle.
• Never leave children alone in a vehicle, or with
access to an unlocked vehicle. Allowing children to
be in a vehicle unattended is dangerous for a
number of reasons. A child or others could be
seriously or fatally injured. Children should be
warned not to touch the parking brake, brake pedal
or the shift lever. Do not leave the key fob in or
near the vehicle (or in a location accessible to
children), and do not leave the ignition of a vehicle
equipped with Keyless Enter-N-Go in the ACC or
ON/RUN mode. A child could operate power windows, other controls, or move the vehicle.
4
168 STARTING AND OPERATING
NORMAL OPERATION – DIESEL ENGINE
Cold Weather Precautions
Observe the following when the engine is operating.
Operation in ambient temperature below 32°F (0°C) may
require special considerations. The following charts suggest these options:
• All message center lights are off.
• Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL) is off.
• Engine oil pressure is above 10 psi (69 kPa) at idle.
• Voltmeter operation:
Fuel Operating Range
NOTE: Use “Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuels” ONLY.
The voltmeter may show a gauge fluctuation at various
engine temperatures. This cycling operation is caused by
the post-heat cycle of the intake manifold heater system.
The number of cycles and the length of the cycling
operation is controlled by the engine control module.
Post-heat operation can run for several minutes, and then
the electrical system and voltmeter needle will stabilize.
The cycling action will cause temporary dimming of the
*No. 1 Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel should only be used
headlamps, interior lamps, and also a noticeable reducwhere extended arctic conditions (-10°F/-23°C) exist.
tion in blower motor speed.
STARTING AND OPERATING 169
NOTE:
Engine Oil Usage
• Use of Climatized Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel or Refer to “Maintenance Procedures” in “Maintaining Your
Number 1 Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel results in a Vehicle” for the correct engine oil viscosity.
noticeable decrease in fuel economy.
Winter Front Usage
• Climatized Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel is a blend of A winter front or cold weather cover is to be used in
Number 2 Ultra Low Sulfur and Number 1 Ultra Low ambient temperatures below -10°C, especially during
Sulfur Diesel Fuels which reduces the temperature at extended idle conditions to reduce condensation
which wax crystals form in fuel.
build-up within engine crankcase. If a winter front or
• The fuel grade should be clearly marked on the pump cold weather cover is to be used, a percentage of the total
grille opening area must be left uncovered to provide
at the fuel station.
sufficient air flow to the charge air cooler and automatic
• The engine requires the use of “Ultra Low Sulfur transmission oil cooler. The percentage of opening must
Diesel Fuel”. Use of incorrect fuel could result in be increased with the increasing ambient air temperature
engine and exhaust system damage. Refer to “Fuel and/or engine load. If the cooling fan can be heard
Requirements” in “Starting and Operating” for further cycling frequently, increase the size of the opening in the
information.
winter front. A suitable cold weather cover is available
from your MOPAR® dealer.
4
170 STARTING AND OPERATING
NOTE: High-speed, no-load running of a cold engine
can result in excessive white smoke and poor engine
A battery loses 60% of its cranking power as the battery
performance. No-load engine speeds should be kept
temperature decreases to 0°F (-18°C). For the same deunder 1,200 RPM during the warm-up period, especially
crease in temperature, the engine requires twice as much
in cold ambient temperature conditions.
power to crank at the same RPM. The use of 120 VAC
powered battery blankets will greatly increase starting Your vehicle is equipped with a turbo speed limiter, this
capability at low temperatures. Suitable battery blankets feature limits the engine speed to 1,200 RPM when
are available from your authorized MOPAR® dealer.
engine coolant temperatures are below 70°F (21°C). This
feature is designed to protect the turbocharger from
Engine Warm-Up
damage and will only operate in PARK or NEUTRAL.
Avoid full throttle operation when the engine is cold.
When starting a cold engine, bring the engine up to If temperatures are below 32°F (0°C), operate the engine
operating speed slowly to allow the oil pressure to at moderate speeds for five minutes before full loads are
applied.
stabilize as the engine warms up.
Battery Blanket Usage
STARTING AND OPERATING 171
NOTE:
Engine Idling
• If ambient temperatures are low and the coolant
temperature is below 180°F (82°C), the engine idle
speed will slowly increase to 1,000 RPM after two
minutes of idle, if the following conditions are met:
• foot is off brake pedal and throttle pedal
• automatic transmission is in PARK
• vehicle speed is zero
• Applying the throttle will cancel fast idle
Avoid prolonged idling, long periods of idling may be
harmful to your engine because combustion chamber
temperatures can drop so low that the fuel may not burn
completely. Incomplete combustion allows carbon and
varnish to form on piston rings, engine valves, and
injector nozzles. Also, the unburned fuel can enter the
crankcase, diluting the oil and causing rapid wear to the
engine.
If the engine is allowed to idle, under some conditions
• Operating the exhaust brake at idle will greatly im- the idle speed may increase to 900 RPM then return to
prove warm up rate and will help keep the engine normal idle speed. This is normal operation.
close to operating temperature during extended idle.
NOTE: For EVIC messages related to the vehicle’s exhaust system, refer to “Maintenance Procedures/
Intervention Regeneration Strategy – EVIC Message Process Flow” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further
information.
4
172 STARTING AND OPERATING
Idle-Up Feature – Automatic Transmission Only
The driver-controlled high idle speed feature will help
increase cylinder temperatures and provide additional
cab heat, however, excessive idling may still cause the
exhaust aftertreatment system to not properly regenerate.
Extended periods of idle time should be avoided.
The Idle-Up feature uses the speed control switches to
increase engine idle speed and quickly warm the vehicle’s interior.
2. The engine RPM will go up to 1100 RPM. To increase
the RPM, press and hold the ACCEL/RESUME switch
and the idle speed will increase to approximately 1500
RPM. To decrease the RPM, press and hold the DECEL
switch and the idle speed will decrease to approximately 1100 RPM.
3. To cancel the Idle–Up feature, either press the CANCEL switch, press the ON/OFF switch, or press the
brake pedal.
Stopping The Engine
1. With the transmission in PARK, the parking brake
applied, and the engine running, press the speed Idle the engine a few minutes before routine shutdown.
control switch to the ON position, then press the SET After full load operation, idle the engine three to five
minutes before shutting it down. This idle period will
switch.
allow the lubricating oil and coolant to carry excess heat
away from the combustion chamber, bearings, internal
components, and turbocharger. This is especially important for turbocharged, charge air-cooled engines.
STARTING AND OPERATING 173
NOTE:
• During engine shut down on vehicles equipped with
manual transmissions, it is normal for the diesel engine to resonate heavily for a moment during engine
shut off. When the engine is connected to a manual
transmission, this resonance causes load gear rattle
from the transmission. This is commonly referred to as
“shut down rattle.” The manufacturer recommends
performing engine shut down with the clutch pedal
pushed to the floor (clutch disengaged). When engine
shut down is performed in this manner the rattle is
reduced (not eliminated).
• Refer to the following chart for proper engine shutdown.
Driving
Condition
Stop and
Go
Stop and
Go
Highway
Speeds
City Traffic
Highway
Speeds
Uphill
Grade
Load
Turbocharger
Temperature
Empty
Cool
Medium
Medium
Maximum
GCWR
Maximum
GCWR
Maximum
GCWR
Warm
Idle Time
(min.)
Before
Engine
Shutdown
Less than
One
One
Two
Three
Four
Hot
Five
4
174 STARTING AND OPERATING
Idle Shutdown
This feature can be enabled so that the truck will automatically shutdown when the truck has been idling for a
set period of time when the engine is at operating
temperature. Idle time can be set in 5 minute increments
between 5 and 60 minutes. See your local authorized
dealer to enable this feature.
Programmable Maximum Vehicle Speed (Chassis
Cab Only)
NOTE: DO NOT set the maximum vehicle speed to a
value greater than what the vehicle tires are rated for.
Operating Precautions
Avoid Overheating The Engine
The temperature of the engine coolant (antifreeze) (a
mixture of 50% ethylene-glycol and 50% water) must not
exceed the normal range of the temperature gauge 240°F
(116°C) with a 16 psi (110 kPa) radiator cap.
This feature allows the owner to set a maximum vehicle Usually the engine coolant (antifreeze) temperature indispeed for the vehicle. The 3500 Series maximum vehicle cated during operation will be to the left of center in the
speed can be set between 40 mph (64 km/h) and 87 mph normal range of the gauge.
(140 km/h). The 4500/5500 Series maximum vehicle
speed can be set between 40 mph (64 km/h) and 85 mph
(136 km/h). See your local authorized dealer to enable
this feature.
STARTING AND OPERATING 175
• Up Steep Hills —
Continual operation at low engine coolant (antifreeze) Select a lower transmission gear.
temperature below the normal range on the gauge 140°F • Air Conditioning —
(60°C) can be harmful to the engine. Low engine coolant Turn it off temporarily.
(antifreeze) temperature can cause incomplete combustion which allows carbon and varnish to form on piston Do Not Operate The Engine With Low Oil
rings and injector nozzles. Also, the unburned fuel can Pressure
enter the crankcase, diluting the lubricating oil and When the engine is at normal operating temperature, the
causing rapid wear to the engine.
minimum oil pressures required are:
Avoid Low Coolant Temperature Operation
Cooling System Tips – Automatic Transmission
To reduce potential for engine and transmission overheating in high ambient temperature conditions, take the
following actions:
• City Driving —
When stopped, shift the transmission into NEUTRAL
and increase engine idle speed.
• Highway Driving —
Reduce your speed.
Idle 700 to 800 RPM
Full speed and load
10 psi (69 kPa)
30 psi (207 kPa)
CAUTION!
If oil pressure falls to less than normal readings, shut
the engine off immediately. Failure to do so could
result in immediate and severe engine damage.
4
176 STARTING AND OPERATING
Do Not Operate The Engine With Failed Parts
ENGINE BLOCK HEATER — IF EQUIPPED
All engine failures give some warning before the parts
fail. Be on the alert for changes in performance, sounds,
and visual evidence that the engine requires service.
Some important clues are:
The engine block heater warms engine coolant and
permits quicker starts in cold weather. Connect the heater
cord to a ground-fault interrupter protected 110–115 Volt
AC electrical outlet with a grounded, three-wire extension cord.
• engine misfiring or vibrating severely
• sudden loss of power
• unusual engine noises
• fuel, oil or coolant leaks
The engine block heater cord is routed under the hood to
the right side and can be located just behind the grille
near the headlamp.
NOTE: The engine block heater cord is a factory in• sudden change, outside the normal operating range, in stalled option. If your vehicle is not equipped, heater
cords are available from your authorized MOPAR®
the engine operating temperature
dealer.
• excessive smoke
The block heater must be plugged in at least one hour to
• oil pressure drop
have an adequate warming effect on the coolant.
STARTING AND OPERATING 177
WARNING!
DIESEL EXHAUST BRAKE (ENGINE BRAKING)
The purpose of the exhaust brake (engine braking) feature is to supply negative (braking) torque from the
engine. Typically, the engine braking is used for, but not
limited to, vehicle towing applications where vehicle
braking can be achieved by the internal engine power,
NOTE: The block heater will require 110 Volts AC and
thereby sparing the mechanical brakes of the vehicle.
6.5 Amps to activate the heater element.
Benefits of the exhaust brake are:
Block Heater Usage
• vehicle driving control
For ambient temperatures below 0°F (-18°C), engine
block heater usage is recommended.
• reduced brake fade
Remember to disconnect the cord before driving.
Damage to the 110–115 Volt electrical cord could
cause electrocution.
For ambient temperatures below –20°F (-29°C), engine • longer brake life
block heater usage is required.
• faster cab warm-up.
The exhaust brake feature will only function when the
driver toggles it on by pushing the exhaust brake button
4
178 STARTING AND OPERATING
until the ⬙Exhaust Brake Indicator⬙ is illuminated. Nor- removes pressure from the accelerator pedal. Exhaust
mal (Full Strength) exhaust brake mode is indicated by a braking is most effective when the engine RPM is higher.
The automatic transmission will downshift more aggresyellow ⬙Exhaust Brake Indicator⬙.
sively in TOW/HAUL mode when the exhaust brake is
enabled to increase brake performance.
CAUTION!
Use of aftermarket exhaust brakes is not recommended and could lead to engine damage
WARNING!
Exhaust Brake Switch
Once the ⬙Exhaust Brake Indicator” is illuminated and
the vehicle is moving faster than 5 mph (8 km/h); the
exhaust brake will automatically operate when the driver
Do not use the exhaust brake feature when driving in
icy or slippery conditions as the increased engine
braking can cause the rear wheels to slide and the
vehicle to swing around with the possible loss of
vehicle control, which may cause an accident possibly resulting in personal injury or death.
STARTING AND OPERATING 179
NOTE: For optimum braking power it is recommended Automatic Exhaust Brake can be enabled by pushing the
to use the exhaust brake while in TOW/HAUL mode.
exhaust brake button again anytime after the normal Full
Exhaust Brake has been turned on. The “Exhaust Brake
The exhaust brake feature can also be used to reduce the
Indicator” in the EVIC will change from Yellow to Green
engine warm up time. To use the exhaust brake as a
when Automatic Exhaust Brake is enabled. Pushing the
warm-up device, the vehicle must be stopped or moving
exhaust brake button again will toggle the exhaust brake
less than 5 mph (8 km/h), the ⬙Exhaust Brake Indicator⬙
mode to off.
must be on, and the coolant temperature must be below
180°F (82°C) and ambient temperature below 60°F (16°C). AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION — IF EQUIPPED
Automatic Smart Exhaust Brake
Automatic Exhaust Brake technology delivers smoother,
less aggressive exhaust braking characteristics during
downhill descents. Although it can apply full exhaust
braking force if needed, Automatic Exhaust Brake may
not apply obvious braking if the vehicle speed is not
increasing. Automatic Exhaust Brake is intended to maintain vehicle speed, while Full Exhaust Brake is intended
to reduce vehicle speed.
CAUTION!
Damage to the transmission may occur if the following precautions are not observed:
• Shift into PARK only after the vehicle has come to
a complete stop.
• Shift into or out of REVERSE only after the vehicle
has come to a complete stop and the engine is at
idle speed.
(Continued)
4
180 STARTING AND OPERATING
CAUTION! (Continued)
WARNING!
• Do not shift between PARK, REVERSE, NEUTRAL, or DRIVE when the engine is above idle
speed.
• Before shifting into any gear, make sure your foot
is firmly pressing on the brake pedal.
• Unintended movement of a vehicle could injure
those in and near the vehicle. As with all vehicles,
you should never exit a vehicle while the engine is
running. Before exiting a vehicle, always apply the
parking brake, shift the transmission into PARK,
turn the engine OFF, and remove the key fob. When
the ignition is in the OFF position, the transmission is locked in PARK, securing the vehicle
against unwanted movement.
• When leaving the vehicle, always remove the key
fob and lock your vehicle.
(Continued)
STARTING AND OPERATING 181
WARNING! (Continued)
WARNING! (Continued)
• Never leave children alone in a vehicle, or with
access to an unlocked vehicle. Allowing children to
be in a vehicle unattended is dangerous for a
number of reasons. A child or others could be
seriously or fatally injured. Children should be
warned not to touch the parking brake, brake pedal
or the shift lever. Do not leave the key fob in or
near the vehicle (or in a location accessible to
children), and do not leave the ignition (in a vehicle
equipped with Keyless Enter-N-Go™) in the ACC
or ON/RUN position. A child could operate power
windows, other controls, or move the vehicle.
• It is dangerous to shift out of PARK or NEUTRAL
if the engine speed is higher than idle speed. If
your foot is not firmly pressing the brake pedal, the
vehicle could accelerate quickly forward or in reverse. You could lose control of the vehicle and hit
someone or something. Only shift into gear when
the engine is idling normally and your foot is
firmly pressing the brake pedal.
(Continued)
NOTE: You must press and hold the brake pedal while
shifting out of PARK.
Key Ignition Park Interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a Key Ignition Park Interlock which requires the transmission to be in PARK
before the ignition switch can be turned to the full OFF
(key removal) position. The key fob can only be removed
from the ignition when the ignition is in the full OFF
4
182 STARTING AND OPERATING
position, and the transmission is locked in PARK when- The transmission gear position display (located in the
instrument cluster) indicates the transmission gear range.
ever the ignition switch is in the full OFF position.
The shift lever is mounted on the right side of the steering
Brake/Transmission Shift Interlock System
column. You must press the brake pedal to move the shift
This vehicle is equipped with a Brake Transmission Shift lever out of PARK (refer to “Brake/Transmission Shift
Interlock System (BTSI) that holds the shift lever in PARK Interlock System” in this section). To drive, move the shift
unless the brakes are applied. To shift the transmission lever from PARK or NEUTRAL to the DRIVE position.
out of PARK, the ignition switch must be turned to the Pull the shift lever toward you when shifting into REON/RUN position (engine running or not) and the brake VERSE or PARK, or when shifting out of PARK.
pedal must be pressed.
The electronically-controlled transmission provides a
Six-Speed Automatic Transmission – If Equipped precise shift schedule. The transmission electronics are
Chassis Cab models (with automatic transmission) use self-calibrating; therefore, the first few shifts on a new
the AS69RC transmission (which is equipped with a vehicle may be somewhat abrupt. This is a normal
Power Take-Off [PTO] access cover on the right side of condition, and precision shifts will develop within a few
the transmission case). Pickup models may use either the hundred miles (kilometers).
AS69RC transmission, or the 68RFE transmission (which
has no PTO access cover).
STARTING AND OPERATING 183
Only shift from DRIVE to PARK or REVERSE when the NOTE: After selecting any gear range, wait a moment to
accelerator pedal is released and the vehicle is stopped. allow the selected gear to engage before accelerating.
Be sure to keep your foot on the brake pedal when This is especially important when the engine is cold.
shifting between these gears.
PARK
The transmission shift lever has only PARK, REVERSE,
This range supplements the parking brake by locking the
NEUTRAL, and DRIVE shift positions. Manual downtransmission. The engine can be started in this range.
shifts can be made using the Electronic Range Select
Never attempt to use PARK while the vehicle is in
(ERS) shift control (refer to ⬙Electronic Range Select (ERS)
motion. Apply the parking brake when leaving the
Operation⬙ in this section). Pressing the ERS (-/+)
vehicle in this range.
switches (on the shift lever) while in the DRIVE position
will select the highest available transmission gear, and When parking on a level surface, you may shift the
will display that gear in the instrument cluster as 6, 5, 4, transmission into PARK first, and then apply the parking
brake.
3, 2, 1.
When parking on a hill, apply the parking brake before
shifting the transmission to PARK, otherwise the load on
DO NOT race the engine when shifting from PARK or
the transmission locking mechanism may make it diffiNEUTRAL into another gear range.
cult to move the shift lever out of PARK. As an added
Gear Ranges
4
184 STARTING AND OPERATING
precaution, turn the front wheels toward the curb on a
downhill grade and away from the curb on an uphill
grade.
On four-wheel drive vehicles be sure that the transfer
case is in a drive position.
WARNING!
• Never use the PARK position as a substitute for the
parking brake. Always apply the parking brake
fully when parked to guard against vehicle movement and possible injury or damage.
• Your vehicle could move and injure you and others
if it is not completely in PARK. Check by trying to
move the shift lever out of PARK with the brake
pedal released. Make sure the transmission is in
PARK before leaving the vehicle.
(Continued)
WARNING! (Continued)
• It is dangerous to shift out of PARK or NEUTRAL
if the engine speed is higher than idle speed. If
your foot is not firmly pressing the brake pedal, the
vehicle could accelerate quickly forward or in reverse. You could lose control of the vehicle and hit
someone or something. Only shift into gear when
the engine is idling normally and your foot is
firmly pressing the brake pedal.
(Continued)
STARTING AND OPERATING 185
WARNING! (Continued)
WARNING! (Continued)
• Unintended movement of a vehicle could injure
those in and near the vehicle. As with all vehicles,
you should never exit a vehicle while the engine is
running. Before exiting a vehicle, always apply the
parking brake, shift the transmission into PARK,
turn the engine OFF, and remove the key fob. When
the ignition is in the OFF position, the transmission is locked in PARK, securing the vehicle
against unwanted movement.
• When leaving the vehicle, always remove the key
fob and lock your vehicle.
• Never leave children alone in a vehicle, or with
access to an unlocked vehicle. Allowing children to
be in a vehicle unattended is dangerous for a
number of reasons. A child or others could be
seriously or fatally injured. Children should be
warned not to touch the parking brake, brake pedal
or the shift lever. Do not leave the key fob in or
near the vehicle (or in a location accessible to
children), and do not leave the ignition (in a vehicle
equipped with Keyless Enter-N-Go™) in the ACC
or ON/RUN position. A child could operate power
windows, other controls, or move the vehicle.
(Continued)
4
186 STARTING AND OPERATING
CAUTION!
• Before moving the shift lever out of PARK, you
must turn the ignition switch from the OFF position to the ON/RUN position, and also press the
brake pedal. Otherwise, damage to the shift lever
could result.
• DO NOT race the engine when shifting from
PARK or NEUTRAL into another gear range, as this
can damage the drivetrain.
• Release the shift lever and make sure it is fully seated
in the PARK gate.
• Look at the transmission gear position display and
verify that it indicates the PARK position.
• With brake pedal released, verify that the shift lever
will not move out of PARK.
REVERSE
This range is for moving the vehicle backward. Shift into
REVERSE only after the vehicle has come to a complete
The following indicators should be used to ensure that stop.
you have engaged the transmission into the PARK posiNEUTRAL
tion:
• When shifting into PARK, pull the shift lever toward Use this range when the vehicle is standing for prolonged
you and move it all the way counterclockwise until it periods with the engine running. The engine may be
started in this range. Set the parking brake and shift the
stops.
transmission into PARK if you must leave the vehicle.
STARTING AND OPERATING 187
WARNING!
Do not coast in NEUTRAL and never turn off the
ignition to coast down a hill. These are unsafe
practices that limit your response to changing traffic
or road conditions. You might lose control of the
vehicle and have a collision.
CAUTION!
Towing the vehicle, coasting, or driving for any other
reason with the transmission in NEUTRAL can cause
severe transmission damage. Refer to “Recreational
Towing” in “Starting And Operating” and “Towing A
Disabled Vehicle” in “What To Do In Emergencies”
for further information.
DRIVE
This range should be used for most city and highway
driving. It provides the smoothest upshifts and downshifts, and the best fuel economy. The transmission
automatically upshifts through underdrive first, second,
and third gears, direct fourth gear and overdrive fifth and
sixth gears. The DRIVE position provides optimum driving characteristics under all normal operating conditions.
When frequent transmission shifting occurs (such as
when operating the vehicle under heavy loading conditions, in hilly terrain, traveling into strong head winds, or
while towing heavy trailers), use the Electronic Range
Select (ERS) shift control (refer to “Electronic Range
Select (ERS) Operation” in this section) to select a lower
gear range. Under these conditions, using a lower gear
range will improve performance and extend transmission
life by reducing excessive shifting and heat buildup.
4
188 STARTING AND OPERATING
If the transmission temperature exceeds normal operating limits, the powertrain controller will modify the
transmission shift schedule and expand the range of
torque converter clutch engagement. This is done to
prevent transmission damage due to overheating.
If the transmission becomes extremely hot or is in danger
of overheating, the “Transmission Temperature Warning
Light” may illuminate and the transmission may operate
differently until the transmission cools down.
NOTE: Use caution when operating a heavily loaded
vehicle at low speeds (such as towing a trailer up a steep
grade, or in stop-and-go traffic) during hot weather. In
these conditions, torque converter slip can impose a
significant additional heat load on the cooling system.
Downshifting the transmission to the lowest possible
gear (when climbing a grade), or shifting to NEUTRAL
(when stopped in heavy traffic) can help to reduce this
excess heat generation.
During cold temperatures, transmission operation may
be modified depending on engine and transmission
temperature as well as vehicle speed. This feature improves warm up time of the engine and transmission to
achieve maximum efficiency. Engagement of the torque
converter clutch is inhibited until the transmission fluid
is warm (see the “Note” under “Torque Converter
Clutch” in this section). On Pickup models with 68RFE
transmission, top overdrive gear is also inhibited until
the transmission fluid is warm, and during extremely
cold temperatures (-16°F [-27°C] or below), operation
may briefly be limited to first and direct gears only. On
trucks with AS69RC transmission, fifth and sixth gears
may be inhibited briefly on cold starts below 41°F (5°C),
and during very cold temperatures (-4°F [-20°C] or
below), operation may briefly be limited to third gear
only. During this condition, the ability of the vehicle to
STARTING AND OPERATING 189
accelerate under heavily loaded conditions may be re- In the event of a momentary problem, the transmission
duced. In all cases, normal operation will resume once can be reset to regain all forward gears by performing the
the transmission temperature has risen to a suitable level. following steps:
Transmission Limp Home Mode
1. Stop the vehicle.
Transmission function is monitored electronically for
abnormal conditions. If a condition is detected that could
result in transmission damage, Transmission Limp Home
Mode is activated. In this mode, the transmission remains
in fourth gear (for 68RFE transmission) or third gear (for
AS69RC transmission) regardless of which forward gear
is selected. If an AS69RC-equipped truck enters Limp
Home Mode at highway speeds, it will initially engage
fifth gear, until the vehicle slows to a speed where third
gear can be engaged. PARK, REVERSE, and NEUTRAL
will continue to operate. The Malfunction Indicator Light
(MIL) may be illuminated. Limp Home Mode allows the
vehicle to be driven to an authorized dealer for service
without damaging the transmission.
2. Shift the transmission into PARK.
3. Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position.
4. Wait approximately 10 seconds.
5. Restart the engine.
6. Shift into the desired gear range. If the problem is no
longer detected, the transmission will return to normal
operation.
NOTE: Even if the transmission can be reset, we recommend that you visit your authorized dealer at your
earliest possible convenience. Your authorized dealer has
diagnostic equipment to determine if the problem could
recur.
4
190 STARTING AND OPERATING
If the transmission cannot be reset, authorized dealer
service is required.
Electronic Range Select (ERS) Operation
The Electronic Range Select (ERS) shift control allows the
driver to limit the highest available gear when the shift
lever is in the DRIVE position. For example, if you shift
the transmission into 3 (third gear), the transmission will
not shift above third gear, but will shift down into second
and first gears normally.
You can switch between DRIVE and ERS mode at any
vehicle speed. When the shift lever is in the DRIVE
Column Shift Lever
position, the transmission will operate automatically,
To exit ERS mode, simply press and hold the ERS (+)
shifting between all available gears. Tapping the ERS (-)
switch until “D” is once again displayed in the transmisswitch will activate ERS mode, display the current gear in
sion gear position indicator in the instrument cluster.
the instrument cluster, and maintain that gear as the top
available gear. Once in ERS mode, tapping the ERS (-) or
(+) switch will change the top available gear.
STARTING AND OPERATING 191
WARNING!
CAUTION!
Do not downshift for additional engine braking on a
slippery surface. The drive wheels could lose their
grip and the vehicle could skid, causing a collision or
personal injury.
When using ERS for engine braking while descending steep grades, be careful not to overspeed the
engine. Apply the brakes as needed to prevent engine overspeed.
Overdrive Operation
The automatic transmission includes an electronically
controlled Overdrive (fifth and sixth gears). The transmission will automatically shift into Overdrive if the
NOTE: To select the proper gear position for maximum following conditions are present:
deceleration (engine braking), simply press and hold the • the shift lever is in the DRIVE position,
ERS (-) switch down. The transmission will shift to the • the transmission fluid has reached an adequate temrange from which the vehicle can best be slowed down.
perature,
Screen Display
Actual Gear(s)
Allowed
1
1
2
1-2
3
4
5
6
1-3 1-4 1-5 1-6
D
1-6
• the engine coolant has reached an adequate temperature,
• vehicle speed is sufficiently high, and
• the TOW/HAUL switch has not been activated.
4
192 STARTING AND OPERATING
When To Use TOW/HAUL Mode
When driving in hilly areas, towing a trailer, carrying a
heavy load, etc., and frequent transmission shifting occurs, press the TOW/HAUL switch to activate TOW/
HAUL mode. This will improve performance and reduce
the potential for transmission overheating or failure due
to excessive shifting. When operating in TOW/HAUL
mode, transmission upshifts are delayed, and the transmission will automatically downshift (for engine braking) when the throttle is closed and/or during steady
braking maneuvers.
TOW/HAUL Switch
The “TOW/HAUL Indicator Light” will illuminate in the
instrument cluster to indicate that TOW/HAUL mode
has been activated. Pressing the switch a second time
restores normal operation. Normal operation is always
the default at engine start-up. If TOW/HAUL mode is
desired, the switch must be pressed each time the engine
is started.
STARTING AND OPERATING 193
WARNING!
NOTE:
• The torque converter clutch will not engage (and
68RFE-equipped trucks will not shift to sixth gear),
until the transmission fluid and engine coolant are
warm [usually after 1 to 3 miles (2 to 5 km) of driving].
Because the engine speed is higher when the torque
converter clutch is not engaged, it may seem as if the
transmission is not shifting properly when cold. This is
normal. Using the Electronic Range Select (ERS) shift
Torque Converter Clutch
control, when the transmission is sufficiently warm,
A feature designed to improve fuel economy has been
will demonstrate that the transmission is able to shift
included in the automatic transmission on your vehicle.
into and out of Overdrive.
A clutch within the torque converter engages automatically at calibrated speeds. This may result in a slightly • If the vehicle has not been driven for several days, the
first few seconds of operation after shifting the transdifferent feeling or response during normal operation in
mission into gear may seem sluggish. This is due to the
the upper gears. When the vehicle speed drops or during
fluid partially draining from the torque converter into
some accelerations, the clutch automatically disengages.
the transmission. This condition is normal and will not
Do not use the “TOW/HAUL” feature when driving
in icy or slippery conditions. The increased engine
braking could cause the rear wheels to slide, and the
vehicle to swing around with the possible loss of
vehicle control, which could cause an accident possibly resulting in personal injury or death.
4
194 STARTING AND OPERATING
cause damage to the transmission. The torque converter will refill within five seconds after starting the
engine.
MANUAL TRANSMISSION — IF EQUIPPED
WARNING!
You or others could be injured if you leave the
vehicle unattended without having the parking
brake fully applied. The parking brake should always be applied when the driver is not in the vehicle,
especially on an incline.
CAUTION!
Never drive with your foot resting on the clutch
pedal, or attempt to hold the vehicle on a hill with the
clutch pedal partially engaged, as this will cause
abnormal wear on the clutch.
NOTE: During cold weather, you may experience increased effort in shifting until the transmission fluid
warms up. This is normal.
STARTING AND OPERATING 195
Shifting
Fully press the clutch pedal before shifting gears. As you
release the clutch pedal, lightly press the accelerator
pedal.
This transmission has a “creeper” first gear which should
be used to start from a standing position when carrying a
payload or towing a trailer. Damage to the clutch can result
from starting in second or third gear with a loaded vehicle.
An unloaded vehicle may be launched in second gear. Use
each gear in numerical order – do not skip a gear.
NOTE: When loaded, pulling a trailer or on a grade, the
truck should always start in first gear and not skip gears.
Recommended Vehicle Shift Speeds
To utilize your manual transmission efficiently for both
Shift Pattern
fuel economy and performance, it should be upshifted as
Truck models with manual transmission are equipped listed in recommended shift speed chart. Shift at the
with a clutch interlocking ignition system. The clutch vehicle speeds listed for acceleration. When heavily
pedal must be fully pressed to start the vehicle.
loaded or pulling a trailer these recommended up-shift
speeds may not apply.
4
196 STARTING AND OPERATING
Maximum Recommended Up-Shift Speeds
Gear Selection
Maximum
Speed
1 to 2
7 mph
(11 km/h)
2 to 3
15 mph
(24 km/h)
Downshifting
3 to 4
25 mph
(40 km/h)
4 to 5
40 mph
(64 km/h)
5 to 6
45 mph
(72 km/h)
CAUTION!
Moving from a high gear down to a lower gear is
When descending a hill, be very careful to downshift
recommended to preserve brakes when driving down
one gear at a time to prevent overspeeding the engine
steep hills. In addition, downshifting at the right time
which can cause valve damage, and/or clutch disc
provides better acceleration when you desire to resume
damage even if the clutch pedal is pressed.
speed. Downshift progressively. Do not skip gears to
avoid overspeeding the engine and clutch.
Maximum Recommended Downshift Speeds
WARNING!
CAUTION!
Do not downshift for additional engine braking on a
slippery surface. The drive wheels could lose their
grip and the vehicle could skid.
Failure to follow the recommended downshifting
speeds may cause the engine to overspeed and/or
damage the clutch disc even if the clutch pedal is
pressed.
STARTING AND OPERATING 197
Maximum Recommended Downshifting Speeds
Gear Selection
Maximum
Speed
6 to 5
68 mph
(109 km/h)
5 to 4
50 mph
(80 km/h)
CAUTION!
If you skip a gear while downshifting or downshift
at too high of a vehicle speed, these conditions may
cause the engine to overspeed if too low of a gear is
selected and the clutch pedal is released. Damage to
the clutch and the transmission can result from
skipping a gear while downshifting or downshifting
at too high of a vehicle speed even if the clutch pedal
is held pressed (i.e., not released).
4 to 3
32 mph
(51 km/h)
3 to 2
19 mph
(31 km/h)
2 to 1
10 mph )
(16 km/h
Reverse Shifting
To shift into REVERSE (R), bring the vehicle to a complete stop. Press the clutch and pause briefly to allow the
gear train to stop rotating. Beginning from the NEUTRAL
(N) position, move the shift lever in one quick smooth
motion straight across and into the REVERSE (R) area
(the driver will feel a firm “click” as the shifter passes the
“knock-over”). Complete the shift by pulling the shift
lever into REVERSE (R).
The “knock-over” prevents the driver from accidentally
entering the REVERSE (R) shift area and warns the driver
4
198 STARTING AND OPERATING
that they are about to shift the transmission into RE- modes and further PTO information is available at the Ram
VERSE (R). Due to this feature, a slow shift to REVERSE Truck Bodybuilders web site. www.rambodybuilder.com
(R) can be perceived as a high shift effort.
AS69RC Six-Speed Automatic Transmission Only
To shift out of REVERSE bring the vehicle to a complete The PTO drive gear (part of the AS69RC) operates at
stop and press the clutch. Shifting out of REVERSE prior torque converter turbine speed. The turbine speed will be
to a complete stop may cause high shift effort.
less than engine speed when the torque converter clutch
POWER TAKE OFF OPERATION — IF EQUIPPED
(CHASSIS CAB ONLY)
This vehicle when equipped with either the AS69RC automatic six-speed or G-56 manual six-speed transmissions,
will allow for an aftermarket upfit with a transmission
driven PTO (power take off). The customer will have the
ability to operate the PTO in either a “stationary” or
“mobile” mode. The vehicles will be factory set to the
“stationary” mode. To select ’mobile mode’ You will need
to enter the commercial vehicle menu on the EVIC screen
and select mobile PTO mode. Details of the PTO selection
is not engaged and will be same as engine speed when
the torque converter clutch is engaged.
Stationary Mode
To operate the PTO in this mode the vehicle must meet
the following conditions:
• Be in PARK position (vehicles equipped with automatic transmission)
• PTO switch has been activated
• Parking brake applied (vehicles equipped with
manual transmission)
STARTING AND OPERATING 199
• Brake pedal must not be applied
• Vehicle engine must be running
• No vehicle, brake or clutch switch faults present
“RESUME/ACCEL” and “DECEL” cruise switches can
be used respectively. To disengage PTO operation and
return to “standard vehicle operation” simply toggle the
PTO switch to the OFF position.
• PTO must be correctly installed using the vehicle The torque converter clutch (TCC) will automatically
engage at engine speeds above 1,200 RPM (engine speed)
provided circuits
in PTO stationary mode. Once engaged, the TCC will
The Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC) will
remain applied and will not disengage until the engine
display a ⬙PTO On⬙ message for five seconds if the above
speed falls below 1,000 RPM. TCC engagement is desirconditions are met. Otherwise, the EVIC will display a
able for certain types of PTO applications (Automatic
message ⬙To Operate PTO Shift To Park⬙ indicating what
Transmission Only).
operator action should be taken to engage the PTO mode.
To operate the PTO via a remote switch, the customer
The customer has the choice to operate the PTO by
must make sure the above conditions are met. It is vital
utilizing the cruise control switches or by utilizing a
for proper operation that the PTO and remote have been
remote control (provided by the PTO supplier). To operinstalled correctly, paying special attention to ensure the
ate the feature using the cruise control switches, the
vehicle provided wiring has been connected properly.
customer must first activate the PTO switch which will
This is the responsibility of the installer of the PTO and
turn on the PTO. In order to increase or decrease the
switches/remote system. It is the responsibility of the
engine idle speed, to optimize the PTO function, the
4
200 STARTING AND OPERATING
PTO manufacturer to ensure that their electrical (switches • Parking brake must not be applied
and remote) system is compatible with the vehicle’s
• Brake pedal must not be applied
electrical architecture and software functionality.
• No vehicle, brake or clutch switch faults present
NOTE: Single set speed can be programmed via the PTO
menu on the EVIC screen. Further details are available at • Vehicle engine must be running
the
Ram
Truck
Bodybuilders
website.
• PTO must be correctly installed using the vehicle
www.rambodybuilder.com www.ramtrucks.com.
provided circuits
Mobile Mode
The customer may choose to use the PTO while the
To operate the PTO in this mode the vehicle must meet vehicle is moving. To do so, the PTO function must be
the following conditions:
activated prior to taking the vehicle out of PARK. This is
• Mobile mode is activated via the menu on the EVIC accomplished by activating the upfitter-provided PTO
on/off switch. At this point, the customer may place the
screen.
vehicle in a forward or reverse gear and have PTO
• (on/off) switch has been activated
operation once the vehicle begins to move. To disengage
• Vehicles with automatic transmission must be in PARK PTO operation and return to “standard vehicle operation” simply toggle the on/off switch to the OFF position.
or DRIVE
STARTING AND OPERATING 201
NOTE: For application specific information with respect to a point where it destroys itself due to either mechanito PTO and pump requirements and additional vehicle cal failure or engine seizure through lack of lubrication.
information (wiring schematics, preset idle values, engine speed limits, and vehicle hardware and software
WARNING!
requirements) please refer to the Body Builders Guide by
accessing www.rambodybuilder.com and choosing the In case of engine runaway due to flammable fumes
from fuel spills or turbocharger oil leaks being
appropriate links.
sucked into the engine, do the following to help
Power Take Off – Aftermarket Installation
avoid personal injury and/or vehicle damage:
If you did not order the PTO (Power Take Off) Prep 1. Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position.
Package from the factory and want to convert your 2. Using a CO2 or dry chemical type fire extinguisher,
vehicle, refer to the Body Builder’s Guide at direct the spray from the fire extinguisher into the
www.rambodybuilder.com or contact the manufacturer grille on the passenger side so that the spray enters
the engine air intake.
directly at (866) 205–4102 (toll free).
The inlet for the engine air intake is located behind
the passenger side headlamp and receives air
ENGINE RUNAWAY
through the grille.
Diesel engine runaway is a rare condition affecting diesel
engines, where the engine consumes its own lubrication
oil and runs at higher and higher RPM until it overspeeds
4
202 STARTING AND OPERATING
FUEL REQUIREMENTS
Use good quality diesel fuel from a reputable supplier in
your vehicle. Federal law requires that you must fuel this
vehicle with Ultra Low Sulfur Highway Diesel fuel (15
ppm Sulfur maximum) and prohibits the use of Low
Sulfur Highway Diesel fuel (500 ppm Sulfur maximum)
to avoid damage to the emissions control system. For
most year-round service, No. 2 diesel fuel meeting ASTM
(formerly known as the American Society for Testing and
Materials) specification D-975 Grade S15 will provide
good performance. If the vehicle is exposed to extreme
cold (below 20°F or -7°C), or is required to operate at
colder-than-normal conditions for prolonged periods,
use climatized No. 2 diesel fuel or dilute the No. 2 diesel
fuel with 50% No. 1 diesel fuel. This will provide better
protection from fuel gelling or wax-plugging of the fuel
filters.
WARNING!
Do not use alcohol or gasoline as a fuel blending
agent. They can be unstable under certain conditions
and hazardous or explosive when mixed with diesel
fuel.
Diesel fuel is seldom completely free of water. To prevent
fuel system trouble, drain the accumulated water from
the fuel/water separator using the fuel/water separator
drain provided on both fuel filters. If you buy good
quality fuel and follow the cold weather advice above,
fuel conditioners should not be required in your vehicle.
If available in your area, a high cetane “premium” diesel
fuel may offer improved cold-starting and warm-up
performance.
STARTING AND OPERATING 203
CAUTION!
If the “Water in Fuel Indicator Light” remains on, DO
NOT START engine before you drain the water from
the fuel filter(s) to avoid engine damage. Refer to
“Maintenance Procedures/Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
Fuel Specifications
The Cummins® diesel engine has been developed to take
advantage of the high energy content and generally
lower cost No. 2 Ultra Low Sulfur diesel fuel or No. 2
Ultra Low Sulfur climatized diesel fuels. Experience has
shown that it also operates on No. 1 Ultra Low Sulfur
diesel fuels or other fuels within specification.
NOTE:
• A maximum blend of 20% biodiesel meeting ASTM
specification D-6751 may be used with your Cummins® diesel engine.
• In addition, commercially available fuel additives are
not necessary for the proper operation of your Cummins® diesel engine.
• No. 1 Ultra Low Sulfur diesel fuel should only be used
where extended arctic conditions (-10°F or -23°C) exist.
Bio-Diesel Fuel Requirements
Chassis Cab Models
A maximum blend of 5% biodiesel meeting ASTM specification D975 may be used with your Cummins diesel
engine. If operation with Biodiesel blends greater than
5% but not greater than 20% (B6 B20) is desired, the truck
4
204 STARTING AND OPERATING
must first be reconfigured by an authorized Ram dealer limitations which require that you understand and adand the provisions in the following section must be here to the following requirements if you use blends of
Biodiesel greater then 5% but not greater than 20%
adhered to.
(B6-B20). There are no unique restrictions for the use of
Pickup Models And Chassis Cab Models Ordered
B5. Use of blends greater than 20% is not approved. Use
With B20 Option
of blends greater than 20% can result in engine damage.
Your vehicle has been validated and approved for the use Such damage is not covered by the New Vehicle Limited
of Biodiesel in blends up to 20% (B20) provided that you Warranty.
comply with the requirements outlined below. It is imFuel Quality - Must Comply With ASTM
portant that you understand and comply with these
Standards
requirements. Failure to comply with Oil Change requirements for vehicles operating on biodiesel blends up to The quality of Biodiesel fuel may vary widely. Only fuel
B20 will result in premature engine wear. Such wear is produced by a BQ9000 supplier to the following specifications may be blended to meet Biodiesel blend (B6 - B20)
not covered by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
fuel meeting ASTM specification D-7467:
Biodiesel is a fuel produced from renewable resources
typically derived from animal fat, rapeseed oil (Rapeseed • Pretrodiesel fuel meeting ASTM specification D-975
and Biodiesel fuel (B100) meeting ASTM specification
Methyl Ester (RME) base), or soybean oil (Soy Methyl
D-6751.
Ester (SME or SOME) base). Biodiesel fuel has inherent
STARTING AND OPERATING 205
Fuel Oxidation Stability - Must Use Fuel Within
Six Months Of Manufacture
Bio-Diesel Fuel Properties – Low Ambient
Temperatures
Biodiesel fuel has poor oxidation stability which can
result in long term storage problems. Fuel produced to
approved ASTM standards, if stored properly, provides
for protection against fuel oxidation for up to six months.
Biodiesel fuel may gel or solidify at low ambient temperatures, which may pose problems for both storage and
operation. Precautions can be necessary at low ambient
temperatures, such as storing the fuel in a heated building
or a heated storage tank, or using cold temperature additives.
Fuel Water Separation - Must Use Mopar/Cummins
Approved Fuel Filter Elements
Fuel In Oil Dilution - Must Adhere To Required
You must use Mopar/Cummins approved fuel filter
Oil Change Interval
elements in both your engine mounted filter and frame
Fuel dilution of lubricating oil has been observed with
mounted filter.
the use of Biodiesel fuel. Fuel in oil must not exceed 5
Biodiesel fuel has a natural affinity to water and water percent. To ensure this limit is met your oil change
accelerates microbial growth. Your Mopar/Cummins fil- interval must be maintained to the following schedule:
tration system is designed to provide adequate fuel water
• Ram PickUp 2500/3500 Only – 15,000 Miles*
separation capabilities.
• Ram 3500/4500/5500 Chassis Cab – 12,500 Miles*
(*unless otherwise notified with a oil service message)
4
206 STARTING AND OPERATING
CAUTION!
• Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles (24 000 km) pickup or
12,500 miles (20 000 km) chassis cab if operation
occurs with greater than 5% biodiesel blends. Oil
change intervals should not exceed 6 months in
either case. Failure to comply with these Oil
Change requirements for vehicles operating on
biodiesel blends up to B20 may result in premature
engine wear. Such wear is not covered by the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty.
• B20 Biodiesel capable: The engine may suffer severe damage if operated with concentrations of
Biodiesel higher than 20%.
ADDING FUEL – 2500/3500 DIESEL MODELS
1. Open the fuel filler door.
Diesel Fuel and Diesel Exhaust Fluid Fill Location
1 — Diesel Exhaust Fluid Fill Location
2 — Diesel Fuel Fill Location
STARTING AND OPERATING 207
2. There is no fuel filler cap. A flapper door inside the
filler pipe seals the system.
3. Insert the fuel nozzle fully into the filler pipe – the
nozzle opens and holds the flapper door while refueling.
4. Fill the vehicle with fuel – when the fuel nozzle
“clicks” or shuts off the fuel tank is full.
4
5. Remove the fuel nozzle and close the fuel door.
Emergency Fuel Can Refueling
Most fuel cans will not open the flapper door.
Diesel Fuel and DEF Fluid Filler Door
A funnel is provided to open the flapper door to allow 1. Retrieve fuel funnel from the jack kit located under the
emergency refueling with a fuel can.
front passenger seat.
208 STARTING AND OPERATING
Fuel Fill Funnel Location 2500/3500 Models
Emergency Fuel Fill Location
2. Insert funnel into same filler pipe opening as the fuel 3. Ensure funnel is inserted fully to hold flapper door
nozzle.
open.
4. Pour fuel into funnel opening.
5. Remove funnel from filler pipe, clean off prior to
putting back in the jack kit.
STARTING AND OPERATING 209
CAUTION!
To avoid fuel spillage and overfilling, do not “top
off” the fuel tank after filling.
WARNING!
• Never have any smoking materials lit in or near the
vehicle when the fuel door is open or the tank is
being filled.
• Never add fuel when the engine is running. This is
in violation of most state and federal fire regulations and may cause the “Malfunction Indicator
Light” to turn on.
• A fire may result if fuel is pumped into a portable
container that is inside of a vehicle. You could be
burned. Always place fuel containers on the
ground while filling.
ADDING FUEL – CHASSIS CAB MODELS
CAUTION!
To avoid fuel spillage and overfilling, do not “top
off” the fuel tank after filling.
NOTE:
• When the fuel nozzle “clicks” or shuts off, the fuel tank
is full.
• Tighten the fuel filler cap until you hear a “clicking”
sound. This is an indication that the fuel filler cap is
properly tightened.
• Make sure that the fuel filler cap is tightened each time
the vehicle is refueled.
4
210 STARTING AND OPERATING
WARNING!
WARNING!
A fire may result if fuel is pumped into a portable
container that is on a truck bed. You could be burned.
Always place fuel containers on the ground while
filling.
• Never have any smoking materials lit in or near the
vehicle when the fuel filler cap is removed or the
tank filled.
• Never add fuel to the vehicle when the engine is
running.
Fuel Filler Cap
If the fuel filler cap is lost or damaged, be sure the
replacement cap is for use with this vehicle.
CAUTION!
Damage to the fuel system or emission control system could result from using an improper fuel tank
filler tube cap. A poorly fitting cap could let impurities into the fuel system.
Avoid Using Contaminated Fuel
Fuel that is contaminated by water or dirt can cause
severe damage to the engine fuel system. Proper maintenance of the engine fuel filter and fuel tank is essential.
Refer to “Maintenance Procedures” in “Maintaining Your
Vehicle” for further information.
Bulk Fuel Storage – Diesel Fuel
If you store quantities of fuel, good maintenance of the
stored fuel is also essential. Fuel contaminated with
water will promote the growth of “microbes.” These
STARTING AND OPERATING 211
microbes form “slime” that will clog fuel filters and lines. Diesel Exhaust Fluid Storage
Drain condensation from the supply tank and change the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) is considered a very stable
line filter on a regular basis.
product with a long shelf life. If DEF is kept in temperaNOTE: When a diesel engine is allowed to run out of tures between 10° to 90°F (-12° to 32°C), it will last a
minimum of one year.
fuel, air is pulled into the fuel system.
If the vehicle will not start, refer to “Maintenance DEF is subject to freezing at the lowest temperatures. For
Procedures/Priming If The Engine Has Run Out Of Fuel” example, DEF may freeze at temperatures at or below 12°
F (-11° C). The system has been designed to operate in
in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
this environment.
WARNING!
Do not open the high pressure fuel system with the
engine running. Engine operation causes high fuel
pressure. High pressure fuel spray can cause serious
injury or death.
NOTE: When working with DEF, it is important to know
that:
• Any containers or parts that come into contact with
DEF must be DEF compatible (plastic or stainless
steel). Copper, brass, aluminum, iron or non-stainless
steel should be avoided as they are subject to corrosion
by DEF.
• If DEF is spilled, it should be wiped up completely.
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212 STARTING AND OPERATING
Adding Diesel Exhaust Fluid
The DEF gauge (located on the instrument cluster) will
display the level of DEF remaining in the tank. Refer to
“Instrument Cluster” and “Instrument Cluster Descriptions” in “Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for
further information.
NOTE: Driving conditions (altitude, vehicle speed, load,
etc.) will effect the amount of DEF that is used in your
vehicle.
DEF Fill Procedure
NOTE: Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts”
in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for the correct fluid type.
1. Remove cap from DEF tank (located on drivers side of
the vehicle or in fuel door).
DEF Filler Cap Chassis Cab Models
STARTING AND OPERATING 213
4
DEF Filler Cap and Fuel Fill 1500/2500/3500 Models
1 — Diesel Exhaust Fluid Fill Location
2 — Diesel Fuel Fill Location
2. Insert DEF fill adapter/nozzle into DEF tank filler
neck.
Filling The DEF Tank
CAUTION!
• To avoid DEF spillage, and possible damage to the
DEF tank from overfilling, do not “top off” the DEF
tank after filling.
(Continued)
214 STARTING AND OPERATING
CAUTION! (Continued)
• DO NOT OVERFILL. DEF will freeze below 12
degrees F (-11 degrees C). The DEF system is
designed to work in temperatures below the DEF
freezing point, however, if the tank is overfilled
and freezes, the system could be damaged.
• When DEF is spilled, clean the area immediately
with water or use an absorbent material to soak up
and spills on the ground.
• Do not attempt to start your engine if DEF is
accidentally added to the diesel fuel tank as it can
result in severe damage to your engine, including
but not limited to failure of the fuel pump and
injectors.
3. Stop filling the DEF tank immediately when any of the
following happen: DEF stops flowing from the fill
bottle into the DEF tank, DEF splashes out the filler
neck, or a DEF pump nozzle automatically shuts off.
4. Reinstall cap onto DEF tank.
Filling the DEF tank in cold climates
Since DEF will begin to freeze at 12°F (-11°C), your
vehicle is equipped with an automatic DEF heating
system. This allows the DEF injection system to operate
properly at temperatures below 12°F (-11°C). If your
vehicle is not in operation for an extended period of time
with temperatures below 12°F (-11°C), the DEF in the
tank may freeze. If the tank is overfilled and freezes, it
could be damaged. Therefore, do not overfill the DEF
tank.
STARTING AND OPERATING 215
Extra care should be taken when filling with portable
containers to avoid overfilling. Note the level of the DEF
gauge in your instrument cluster. On pickup applications, you may safely add a maximum of 2 gallons of DEF
from portable containers when your DEF gauge is reading ½ full. On Chassis Cab applications a maximum of 2
gallons may be added when the DEF gauge is reading ¾
full.
TRAILER TOWING
In this section you will find safety tips and information
on limits to the type of towing you can reasonably do
with your vehicle. Before towing a trailer, carefully
review this information to tow your load as efficiently
and safely as possible.
To maintain the New Vehicle Limited Warranty coverage,
follow the requirements and recommendations in this
manual concerning vehicles used for trailer towing.
Common Towing Definitions
The following trailer towing related definitions will assist
you in understanding the following information:
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR)
The GVWR is the total allowable weight of your vehicle.
This includes driver, passengers, cargo and tongue
weight. The total load must be limited so that you do not
exceed the GVWR. Refer to “Vehicle Loading/Vehicle
Certification Label” in “Starting and Operating” for
further information.
4
216 STARTING AND OPERATING
rear GAWR. Refer to “Vehicle Loading/Vehicle Certification Label” in “Starting and Operating” for further
The GTW is the weight of the trailer plus the weight of all
information.
cargo, consumables and equipment (permanent or temporary) loaded in or on the trailer in its ⬙loaded and
WARNING!
ready for operation⬙ condition. The recommended way to
measure GTW is to put your fully loaded trailer on a It is important that you do not exceed the maximum
vehicle scale. The entire weight of the trailer must be front or rear GAWR. A dangerous driving condition
supported by the scale.
can result if either rating is exceeded. You could lose
Gross Trailer Weight (GTW)
Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR)
control of the vehicle and have an accident.
The GCWR is the total permissible weight of your vehicle Tongue Weight (TW)
and trailer when weighed in combination.
The tongue weight is the downward force exerted on the
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR)
hitch ball by the trailer. In most cases it should not be less
The GAWR is the maximum capacity of the front and rear than 10% of the trailer load. You must consider this as
axles. Distribute the load over the front and rear axles part of the load on your vehicle.
evenly. Make sure that you do not exceed either front or
STARTING AND OPERATING 217
Frontal Area
Weight-Carrying Hitch
The frontal area is the maximum height multiplied by the A weight-carrying hitch supports the trailer tongue
maximum width of the front of a trailer.
weight, just as if it were luggage located at a hitch ball or
some other connecting point of the vehicle. These kinds
Trailer Sway Control
of hitches are the most popular on the market today and
The trailer sway control can be a mechanical telescoping they are commonly used to tow small and medium sized
link that can be installed between the hitch receiver and trailers.
the trailer tongue that typically provides adjustable fricWeight-Distributing Hitch
tion associated with the telescoping motion to dampen
any unwanted trailer swaying motions while traveling. A weight-distributing system works by applying leverage through spring (load) bars. They are typically used
If equipped, the electronic Trailer Sway Control (TSC)
for heavier loads to distribute trailer tongue weight to the
recognizes a swaying trailer and automatically applies
tow vehicle’s front axle and the trailer axle(s). When used
individual wheel brakes and/or reduces engine power to
in accordance with the manufacturer’s directions, it proattempt to eliminate the trailer sway.
vides for a more level ride, offering more consistent
steering and brake control thereby enhancing towing
safety. The addition of a friction / hydraulic sway control
also dampens sway caused by traffic and crosswinds and
contributes positively to tow vehicle and trailer stability.
4
218 STARTING AND OPERATING
Trailer sway control and a weight distributing (load
equalizing) hitch are recommended for heavier Tongue
Weights (TW) and may be required depending on vehicle
and trailer configuration / loading to comply with Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) requirements.
Fifth-Wheel Hitch
WARNING!
Gooseneck Hitch
• An improperly adjusted Weight Distributing Hitch
system may reduce handling, stability, braking
performance, and could result in a collision.
• Weight Distributing Systems may not be compatible
with Surge Brake Couplers. Consult with your hitch
and trailer manufacturer or a reputable Recreational
Vehicle dealer for additional information.
The fifth-wheel hitch is a special high platform with a
coupling that mounts over the rear axle of the tow vehicle
in the truck bed. It connects a vehicle and fifth-wheel
trailer with a coupling king pin.
The gooseneck hitch employs a pivoted coupling arm
which attaches to a ball mounted in the bed of a pickup
truck. The coupling arm connects to the hitch mounted
over the rear axle in the truck bed.
STARTING AND OPERATING 219
Trailer Hitch Classification
The following chart provides the industry standard for
the maximum trailer weight a given trailer hitch class can
tow and should be used to assist you in selecting the
correct trailer hitch for your intended towing condition.
Trailer Hitch Classification Definitions
Class
Max. Trailer Hitch Industry Standards
Class I - Light Duty
2,000 lbs (907 kg)
Class II - Medium Duty
3,500 lbs (1 587 kg)
Trailer Hitch Classification Definitions
Class III - Heavy Duty
5,000 lbs (2 268 kg)
Class IV - Extra Heavy
10,000 lbs (4 540 kg)
Duty
Fifth Wheel/Gooseneck
Greater than 10,000 lbs (4
540 kg)
Refer to the “Trailer Towing Weights (Maximum
Trailer Weight Ratings)” for the Maximum Gross
Trailer Weight (GTW) towable for your given drivetrain.
All trailer hitches should be professionally installed
on your vehicle.
Trailer Towing Weights (Maximum Trailer Weight Ratings)
The rear bumper is intended to tow trailers up to a 5,000 lbs (2 268 kg) without added equipment or alterations to
the standard equipment.
4
220 STARTING AND OPERATING
Ram 2500 & 3500 Diesel
6.7L Cummins® Turbo Diesel
6-Speed Manual Transmission
6.7L Cummins® Turbo Diesel
6-Speed Automatic Transmission
2500 ST SLT Bighorn/Lonestar
Laramie Outdoorsman
Max Towing: 16,710 lbs (7 579 kg)
Max Payload: 2,880 lbs (1 306 kg)
Max Towing: 17,810 lbs (8 078 kg)
Max Payload: 2,980 lbs (1 351 kg)
3500 ST SLT Bighorn/Lonestar
Laramie Outdoorsman
Max Towing: 18,200 lbs (8 255 kg)
Max Payload: 6,640 lbs (3 011 kg)
Max Towing: 30,060 lbs (13 634 kg)
Max Payload: 6,710 lbs (3 043 kg)
Chassis Cab 3500 Diesel
6.7L Cummins® Turbo Diesel 6-Speed Manual Transmission
6.7L Cummins® Turbo Diesel 6-Speed AISIN Automatic
Transmission
ST/SLT/Laramie
Max Towing: 19,250 lbs (8 731 kg)
Max Payload: 6,080 lbs (2 757 kg)
Max Towing: 22,750 lbs (10 319 kg)
Max Payload: 5,910 lbs (2 680 kg)
STARTING AND OPERATING 221
Chassis Cab 4500 Diesel
6.7L Cummins® Turbo Diesel 6-Speed Manual Transmission
6.7L Cummins® Turbo Diesel 6-Speed AISIN Automatic
Transmission
ST/SLT/Laramie
Max Towing: 20,200 lbs (9 162 kg)
Max Payload: 8,741 lbs (3 964 kg)
Max Towing: 24,650 lbs (11 181 kg)
Max Payload: 8,661 lbs (3 928 kg)
4
Chassis Cab 5500 Diesel
6.7L Cummins® Turbo Diesel 6-Speed Manual Transmission
6.7L Cummins® Turbo Diesel 6-Speed AISIN Automatic
Transmission
ST/SLT/Laramie
Max Towing: 20,150 lbs (9 139 kg)
Max Payload: 11,711 lbs (5 312 kg)
Max Towing: 29,600 lbs (13 426 kg)
Max Payload: 11,646 lbs (5 282 kg)
222 STARTING AND OPERATING
NOTE: For additional trailer towing information (maximum trailer weight ratings) refer to the following website
addresses:
• http://www.ramtrucks.com
• http://www.ramtruck.ca (Canada)
Trailer And Tongue Weight
Always load a trailer with 60% to 65% of the weight in
the front of the trailer. This places 10% to 15% of the GTW
on the tow hitch of your vehicle. Loads balanced over the
wheels or heavier in the rear can cause the trailer to sway
severely side to side which will cause loss of control of
the vehicle and trailer. Failure to load trailers heavier in
front is the cause of many trailer collisions. Never exceed
the maximum tongue weight stamped on your trailer
hitch.
Consider the following items when computing the
weight on the rear axle of the vehicle:
• The tongue weight of the trailer
• The weight of any other type of cargo or equipment
put in or on your vehicle
• The weight of the driver and all passengers.
STARTING AND OPERATING 223
NOTE: Remember that everything put into or on the
trailer adds to the load on your vehicle. Also, additional
factory-installed options or dealer-installed options must
be considered as part of the total load on your vehicle.
Refer to “Tire Safety Information/Tire and Loading Information Placard” in “Starting and Operating” for further information.
Towing Requirements
To promote proper break-in of your new vehicle drivetrain components the following guidelines are recommended:
CAUTION!
• Do not tow a trailer at all during the first 500 miles
(805 km) the new vehicle is driven. The engine, axle
or other parts could be damaged.
• Then, during the first 500 miles (805 km) that a
trailer is towed, do not drive over 50 mph (80 km/h)
and do not make starts at full throttle. This helps
the engine and other parts of the vehicle wear in at
the heavier loads.
4
224 STARTING AND OPERATING
WARNING!
WARNING! (Continued)
Improper towing can lead to a collision. Follow these
guidelines to make your trailer towing as safe as
possible:
• Make certain that the load is secured in the trailer
and will not shift during travel. When trailering
cargo that is not fully secured, dynamic load shifts
can occur that may be difficult for the driver to
control. You could lose control of your vehicle and
have a collision.
• When hauling cargo or towing a trailer, do not
overload your vehicle or trailer. Overloading can
cause a loss of control, poor performance or damage to brakes, axle, engine, transmission, steering,
suspension, chassis structure or tires.
(Continued)
• Safety chains must always be used between your
vehicle and trailer. Always connect the chains to
the hook retainers of the vehicle hitch. Cross the
chains under the trailer tongue and allow enough
slack for turning corners.
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a
grade. When parking, apply the parking brake on
the tow vehicle. Put the tow vehicle transmission in
PARK. For four-wheel drive vehicles, make sure
the transfer case is not in NEUTRAL. Always,
block or ⴖchockⴖ the trailer wheels.
• GCWR must not be exceeded.
• Total weight must be distributed between the tow
vehicle and the trailer such that the following four
ratings are not exceeded:
1. GVWR
(Continued)
STARTING AND OPERATING 225
WARNING! (Continued)
2. GTW
3. GAWR
4. Tongue weight rating for the trailer hitch utilized.
• Check for signs of tire wear or visible tire damage
before towing a trailer. Refer to “Tires – General
Information” in “Starting and Operating” for the
proper inspection procedure.
• When replacing tires, refer to “Tires – General Information” in “Starting and Operating” for proper tire
replacement procedures. Replacing tires with a higher
• Do not attempt to tow a trailer while using a compact
load carrying capacity will not increase the vehicle’s
spare tire.
GVWR and GAWR limits.
• Proper tire inflation pressures are essential to the safe
and satisfactory operation of your vehicle. Refer to Towing Requirements – Trailer Brakes
“Tires – General Information” in “Starting and Oper- • Do not interconnect the hydraulic brake system or
vacuum system of your vehicle with that of the trailer.
ating” for proper tire inflation procedures.
This could cause inadequate braking and possible
• Check the trailer tires for proper tire inflation prespersonal injury.
sures before trailer usage.
Towing Requirements – Tires
4
226 STARTING AND OPERATING
• An electronically actuated trailer brake controller is
required when towing a trailer with electronically
actuated brakes. When towing a trailer equipped with
a hydraulic surge actuated brake system, an electronic
brake controller is not required.
• Trailer brakes are recommended for trailers over
1,000 lbs (454 kg) and required for trailers in excess of
1,653 lbs (750 kg).
CAUTION!
If the trailer weighs more than 1,000 lbs (454 kg)
loaded, it should have its own brakes and they
should be of adequate capacity. Failure to do this
could lead to accelerated brake lining wear, higher
brake pedal effort, and longer stopping distances.
WARNING!
• Do not connect trailer brakes to your vehicle’s
hydraulic brake lines. It can overload your brake
system and cause it to fail. You might not have
brakes when you need them and could have an
accident.
• Towing any trailer will increase your stopping
distance. When towing you should allow for additional space between your vehicle and the vehicle
in front of you. Failure to do so could result in an
accident.
STARTING AND OPERATING 227
Integrated Trailer Brake Module – If Equipped
Your vehicle may have an Integrated Trailer Brake Module (ITBM) for Electric and Electric Over Hydraulic
(EOH) trailer brakes.
NOTE: This module has been designed and verified
with electric trailer brakes and new electric over hydraulic systems. Some previous EOH systems may not be
compatible with ITBM.
4
1 — GAIN Adjustment Button
2 — GAIN Adjustment Button
3 — Manual Brake Control Lever
228 STARTING AND OPERATING
The user interface consists of the following:
Manual Brake Control Lever
Slide the manual brake control lever to the right to
activate power to the trailer’s electric brakes independent
of the tow vehicle’s brakes. If the manual brake control
lever is activated while the brake is also applied, the
greater of the two inputs determines the power sent to
the trailer brakes.
sliding the manual brake control lever will display the
GAIN setting for 10 seconds and the “Trailer Brake Status
Indicator Light” will not be displayed.
If a fault is detected in the trailer wiring or the Integrated
Trailer Brake Module (ITBM), the “Trailer Brake Status
Indicator Light” will flash.
GAIN Adjustment Buttons (+/-)
Pressing these buttons will adjust the brake control
The trailer and the vehicle’s brake lamps will come on power output to the trailer brakes in 0.5 increments. The
when either vehicle braking or manual trailer brakes are GAIN setting can be increased to a maximum of 10 or
applied.
decreased to a minimum of 0 (no trailer braking).
Trailer Brake Status Indicator Light
GAIN
This light indicates the trailer electrical connection status. The GAIN setting is used to set the trailer brake control
for the specific towing condition and should be changed
If no electrical connection is detected after the ignition is
as towing conditions change. Changes to towing conditurned on, pressing the GAIN adjustment button or
tions include trailer load, vehicle load, road conditions
and weather.
STARTING AND OPERATING 229
Adjusting GAIN
4. Press the UP or DOWN button on the steering wheel
until “TRAILER TOW” appears on the screen.
NOTE: This should only be performed in a traffic free
environment at speeds of approximately 20–25 mph 5. Press the RIGHT arrow on the steering wheel to enter
(30–40 km/h).
“TRAILER TOW”.
1. Make sure the trailer brakes are in good working 6. Press the UP or DOWN buttons until Trailer Brake
condition, functioning normally, and properly adType appears on the screen.
justed. See your trailer dealer if necessary.
NOTE: 1500 Models Only – Light Electric and Heavy
2. Hook up the trailer and make the electrical connec- Electric will only be available due to the tow capacities of
tions according to the trailer manufacturer’s instruc- the vehicle.
tions.
7. Press the RIGHT arrow and then press the UP or
3. When a trailer with electric/EOH brakes is plugged
DOWN buttons until the proper Trailer Brake Type
appears on the screen.
in, the trailer connected message should appear in the
EVIC (if the connection is not recognized by the ITBM,
8. In a traffic-free environment, tow the trailer on a dry,
braking functions will not be available), the GAIN
level surface at a speed of 20–25 mph (30–40 km/h)
setting will illuminate and the correct type of trailer
and squeeze the manual brake control lever commust be selected from the EVIC options.
pletely.
4
230 STARTING AND OPERATING
9. If the trailer wheels lockup (indicated by squealing * The suggested selection depends and may change
tires), reduce the GAIN setting; if the trailer wheels depending on the customer preferences for braking perturn freely, increase the GAIN setting.
formance. Condition of the trailer brakes, driving and
road state may also affect the selection.
Repeat Steps 8 and 9 until the GAIN setting is at a point
just below trailer wheel lockup. If towing a heavier EVIC Display Messages
trailer, trailer wheel lockup may not be attainable even
The trailer brake control interacts with the Electronic
with the maximum GAIN setting of 10.
Vehicle Information Center (EVIC). Display messages,
along with a single chime, will be displayed when a
Light
Heavy
Light
Heavy
malfunction is determined in the trailer connection,
Electric
Electric
EOH
EOH
trailer brake control, or on the trailer. Refer to “Electronic
Type of Electric
Electric
Electric
Electric
Vehicle Information Center” in “Understanding Your
Trailer
Trailer
Trailer
over
over HyInstrument Panel” for further information.
Brakes
Brakes
Brakes
Hydraulic
draulic
Trailer
Trailer
Brakes
Brakes
Load
*Under
*Above
*Under
*Above
10,000 lbs 10,000 lbs 10,000 lbs 10,000lbs
STARTING AND OPERATING 231
CAUTION!
Connecting a trailer that is not compatible with the
ITBM system may result in reduced or complete loss
of trailer braking. There may be a increase in stopping distance or trailer instability which could result
in damage to your vehicle, trailer, or other property.
WARNING!
Connecting a trailer that is not compatible with the
ITBM system may result in reduced or complete loss
of trailer braking. There may be a increase in stopping distance or trailer instability which could result
in personal injury.
NOTE:
• An aftermarket controller may be available for use
with trailers with air or electric-over-hydraulic trailer
brake systems. To determine the type of brakes on
your trailer and the availability of controllers, check
with your trailer manufacturer or dealer.
• Removal of the ITBM will cause errors and it may
cause damage to the electrical system and electronic
modules of the vehicle. See your authorized dealer if
an aftermarket module is to be installed.
4
232 STARTING AND OPERATING
Towing Requirements – Trailer Lights And Wiring
Whenever you pull a trailer, regardless of the trailer size,
stoplights and turn signals on the trailer are required for
motoring safety.
The Trailer Tow Package may include a four- and sevenpin wiring harness. Use a factory approved trailer harness and connector.
NOTE: Do not cut or splice wiring into the vehicles
wiring harness.
The electrical connections are all complete to the vehicle
but you must mate the harness to a trailer connector.
Refer to the following illustrations.
1 — Female Pins
2 — Male Pin
3 — Ground
Four-Pin Connector
4 — Park
5 — Left Stop/Turn
6 — Right Stop/Turn
STARTING AND OPERATING 233
Towing Tips
Before setting out on a trip, practice turning, stopping
and backing the trailer up in an area away from heavy
traffic.
Automatic Transmission
Seven-Pin Connector
1
2
3
4
—
—
—
—
Battery
Backup Lamps
Right Stop/Turn
Electric Brakes
5 — Ground
6 — Left Stop/Turn
7 — Running Lamps
The “DRIVE” range can be selected when towing. The
transmission controls include a drive strategy to avoid
frequent shifting when towing. However, if frequent
shifting does occur while in DRIVE, select “TOW/
HAUL” mode or select a lower gear range (using the
Electronic Range Select (ERS) switches).
NOTE: Using “TOW/HAUL” mode or selecting a lower
gear range (using the ERS switches) while operating the
vehicle under heavy loading conditions will improve
performance and extend transmission life by reducing
excessive shifting and heat build up. This action will also
provide better engine braking.
4
234 STARTING AND OPERATING
When towing a loaded trailer up steep grades at low Electronic Speed Control – If Equipped
speeds (20 mph [32 km/h] or below), holding your
• Do not use in hilly terrain or with heavy loads.
vehicle in first gear (using the ERS switches) can help to
• When using the speed control, if you experience speed
avoid transmission overheating.
drops greater than 10 mph (16 km/h), disengage until
If you regularly tow a trailer for more than 45 minutes of
you can get back to cruising speed.
continuous operation, then change the automatic transmission fluid and filter(s) as specified for ⬙police, taxi, • Use speed control in flat terrain and with light loads to
maximize fuel efficiency.
fleet, or frequent trailer towing.⬙. Refer to “Maintenance
Schedule” for the proper maintenance intervals.
Cooling System
NOTE: Check the automatic transmission fluid level To reduce potential for engine and transmission overbefore towing (6-speed automatic only).
heating, take the following actions:
Tow/Haul Mode
City Driving
To reduce potential for automatic transmission overheatWhen stopped for short periods of time, shift the transing, turn the “TOW/HAUL” feature ON when driving in
mission into NEUTRAL and increase engine idle speed.
hilly areas, or select a lower gear range (using the
Electronic Range Select (ERS) switches) on more severe Highway Driving
grades.
Reduce speed.
STARTING AND OPERATING 235
Air Conditioning
Turn off temporarily.
first and only technology in decades to be as good for the
environment as it is good for business and vehicle
performance.
Air Suspension System
The purpose of the SCR system is to reduce levels of NOx
(oxides of nitrogen emitted from engines) that are harmful to our health and the environment to an almost
near-zero level. Small quantities of Diesel Exhaust Fluid
(DEF) are injected into the exhaust upstream of a catalyst
where, when vaporized, convert smog-forming nitrogen
NOTE: The vehicle must remain in the engine running
oxides (NOx) into harmless nitrogen (N2) and water
position while attaching a trailer for proper leveling of
vapor (H2O), two natural components of the air we
the air suspension system.
breathe. You can operate with the comfort that your
vehicle is contributing to a cleaner, healthier world
DIESEL EXHAUST FLUID
environment for this and generations to come.
Your vehicle is equipped with a Selective Catalytic Reduction system in order to meet the very stringent diesel System Overview
emissions standards required by the Environmental Pro- This vehicle is equipped with a Diesel Exhaust Fluid
tection Agency. Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) is the (DEF) injection system and a Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) catalyst to meet the emission requirements.
To aid in attaching/detaching the trailer from the vehicle,
the air suspension system can be used. Refer to “Air
Suspension System” in “Starting and Operating” for
further information.
4
236 STARTING AND OPERATING
The DEF injection system consists of the following com- The DEF injection system and SCR catalyst enable the
ponents:
achievement of diesel emissions requirements; while
maintaining outstanding fuel economy, drivability,
• DEF tank
torque and power ratings.
• DEF pump
Refer to “Electronic Vehicle Information Center
• DEF injector
(EVIC)” in “Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for
system messages and warnings.
• Electronically-heated DEF lines
NOTE:
• DEF control module
• Your vehicle is equipped with a DEF injection system.
• NOx sensors
You may occasionally hear an audible clicking noise.
• NH3 sensor
This is normal operation.
• Temperature sensors
• SCR catalyst
• The DEF pump will run for a period of time after
engine shutdown to purge the DEF system. This is
normal operation.
WHAT TO DO IN EMERGENCIES
CONTENTS
䡵 JUMP STARTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .238
▫ With Portable Starting Unit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .241
5
238 WHAT TO DO IN EMERGENCIES
cables to start a vehicle’s engine because its batteries are
discharged, the following procedure should be used:
JUMP STARTING
WARNING!
• To prevent personal injury or damage to clothing,
do not allow battery fluid to contact eyes, skin or
fabrics. Do not lean over a battery when connecting
jumper cables or allow cable clamps to touch each
other. Keep open flames or sparks away from
battery vent holes. Always wear eye protection
when working with batteries.
• Do not use a booster battery or any other booster
source that has a greater than 12 Volt system, i.e., do
not use a 24 Volt power source.
NOTE: Replacement batteries should both be of equal
size to prevent damage to the vehicle’s charging system.
Your vehicle is equipped with two 12 Volt batteries. If it
becomes necessary to use a booster battery with jumper
Set the parking brake and place an automatic transmission in PARK (or NEUTRAL for a manual transmission).
Turn off lights, heater and other electrical loads. Observe
charge indicator (if equipped) in both batteries. If the
indicator (if equipped) is light or yellow on either battery,
replace that battery.
CAUTION!
Use the jump start procedure only when the charge
indicator (if equipped) in both batteries is dark in the
center. Do not attempt jump starting when either
battery charge indicator (if equipped) is bright or
yellow. If the charge indicator (if equipped) has a
green dot in the center, failure to start is not due to a
discharged battery and cranking system should be
checked.
WHAT TO DO IN EMERGENCIES 239
1. Attach one jumper cable to the positive terminal of
booster battery and the other end of the same cable to
the positive terminal of the discharged battery.
WARNING!
Do not permit vehicles to touch each other as this
could establish a ground connection and personal
injury could result.
5
1 — Discharged Battery
2 — Booster Battery
240 WHAT TO DO IN EMERGENCIES
2. Connect one end of the other jumper cable to negative 3. Take care that the clamps from one cable do not
(-) post of booster battery. Connect the other end of the
inadvertently touch clamps from the other cable. Do
jumper cable to a good ground on the engine block of
not lean over the battery when making connection.
the vehicle with the discharged battery. Make sure a
The negative connection must provide good electrical
good connection is made, free of dirt and grease.
conductivity and current carrying capacity.
WARNING!
• Do not connect the cable to the negative post of the
discharge battery. The resulting electrical spark
could cause the battery to explode.
• During cold weather when temperatures are below
freezing point, electrolyte in a discharged battery
may freeze. Do not attempt jump starting because
the battery could rupture or explode. The battery
temperature must be brought up above freezing
point before attempting to jump start.
4. After the engine is started or if the engine fails to start,
cables must be disconnected in the following order:
• Disconnect the negative cable at the engine ground.
• Disconnect the negative cable at the negative post on
booster battery.
• Disconnect the cable from the positive post of both
batteries.
WHAT TO DO IN EMERGENCIES 241
WARNING!
Any procedure other than above could result in:
• Personal injury caused by electrolyte squirting out
the battery vent;
• Personal injury or property damage due to battery
explosion;
• Damage to charging system of booster vehicle or of
immobilized vehicle.
With Portable Starting Unit
There are many types of these units available. Follow the
manufacturer’s instructions for necessary precautions
and operation.
CAUTION!
It is very important that the starting unit operating
voltage does not exceed 12 Volts DC or damage to
battery, starter motor, alternator, or electrical system
may occur.
5
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
CONTENTS
䡵 ENGINE COMPARTMENT — 6.7L DIESEL —
SIX-SPEED 68RFE (2500/3500 Models Only) . . .245
䡵 ENGINE COMPARTMENT — 6.7L DIESEL —
SIX-SPEED AS69RC (3500 Models Only) . . . . . .246
䡵 ENGINE COMPARTMENT — 6.7L DIESEL
(CHASSIS CAB MODELS ONLY) . . . . . . . . . . .247
䡵 MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES . . . . . . . . . . .248
▫ Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .249
▫ Engine Air Cleaner Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .253
▫ Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter . . . . . . .255
▫ Engine Mounted Fuel Filter Replacement . . . . .256
▫ Underbody Mounted Fuel Filter Replacement. . .258
▫ Priming If The Engine Has Run Out Of Fuel . . .260
▫ Intervention Regeneration Strategy – EVIC
Message Process Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .262
▫ Diesel Exhaust Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .264
▫ Maintenance-Free Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . .265
▫ Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .266
▫ Charge Air Cooler – Inter-Cooler . . . . . . . . . .271
▫ Brake System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .272
▫ Clutch Hydraulic System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .273
6
244 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
▫ Transfer Case – If Equipped . . . . . . . . . . . . . .273 䡵 FLUID CAPACITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .283
▫ Manual Transmission – If Equipped . . . . . . . .274 䡵 FLUIDS, LUBRICANTS AND GENUINE
PARTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .284
▫ Automatic Transmission – If Equipped . . . . . .274
▫ Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .284
▫ Noise Control System Required
Maintenance & Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .277
▫ Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .286
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 245
ENGINE COMPARTMENT — 6.7L DIESEL — SIX-SPEED 68RFE (2500/3500 Models Only)
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
— Battery
— Engine Coolant Reservoir
— Automatic Transmission Dipstick (If Equipped)
— Brake Fluid Reservoir
— Battery
— Aux Power Distribution Center
7 — Washer Fluid Reservoir
8 — Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
9 — Power Distribution Center
10 — Engine Oil Dipstick
11 — Engine Oil Fill
12 — Air Cleaner Filter
246 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
ENGINE COMPARTMENT — 6.7L DIESEL — SIX-SPEED AS69RC (3500 Models Only)
1
2
3
4
5
6
— Battery
— Engine Coolant Reservoir
— Automatic Transmission Dipstick (If Equipped)
— Brake Fluid Reservoir
— Battery
— Aux Power Distribution Center
7 — Washer Fluid Reservoir
8 — Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
9 — Power Distribution Center
10 — Engine Oil Dipstick
11 — Engine Oil Fill
12 — Air Cleaner Filter
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 247
ENGINE COMPARTMENT — 6.7L DIESEL (CHASSIS CAB MODELS ONLY)
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
— Battery
— Engine Coolant Reservoir
— Automatic Transmission Dipstick (If Equipped)
— Brake Fluid Reservoir
— Battery
— Aux Power Distribution Center
7 — Washer Fluid Reservoir
8 — Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
9 — Power Distribution Center
10 — Engine Oil Dipstick
11 — Engine Oil Fill
12 — Air Cleaner Filter
248 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES
CAUTION! (Continued)
The pages that follow contain the required maintenance
services determined by the engineers who designed your
vehicle.
Besides those maintenance items specified in the fixed
maintenance schedule, there are other components which
may require servicing or replacement in the future.
CAUTION!
• Failure to properly maintain your vehicle or perform repairs and service when necessary could
result in more costly repairs, damage to other
components or negatively impact vehicle performance. Immediately have potential malfunctions
examined by an authorized Chrysler Group LLC
dealership or qualified repair center.
(Continued)
• Your vehicle has been built with improved fluids
that protect the performance and durability of your
vehicle and also allow extended maintenance intervals. Do not use chemical flushes in these components as the chemicals can damage your engine,
transmission, power steering or air conditioning.
Such damage is not covered by the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty. If a flush is needed because of
component malfunction, use only the specified
fluid for the flushing procedure.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 249
Engine Oil
Checking Oil Level
To assure proper lubrication of your vehicle’s engine, the
engine oil must be maintained at the correct level. Check
the oil level at regular intervals. The best time to check
the oil level is before starting the engine after it has been
parked overnight. When checking oil after operating the
engine, first ensure the engine is at full operating temperature, then wait for 30 minutes after engine shutdown
to check the oil.
6
1 — ADD Range
2 — Full Mark
3 — SAFE Range
Checking the oil while the vehicle is on level ground will
improve the accuracy of the oil level readings. Add oil
only when the level on the dipstick is below the “ADD”
250 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
mark. The total capacity from the low mark to the high Engine Oil Selection
mark is 2 qts (1.9L).
For best performance and maximum protection under all
types of operating conditions, the manufacturer only recCAUTION!
ommends engine oils that are API CJ-4 certified and meet
Overfilling or underfilling the crankcase will cause the requirements of Chrysler Group LLC. Use MOPAR® or
oil aeration or loss of oil pressure. This could damage an equivalent oil meeting Chrysler Material Standard MS10902. Products meeting Cummins® CES 20081 may also
your engine.
be used. The identification of these engine oils are typically
Never operate the engine with oil level below the “ADD” located on the back of the oil container.
mark or above the upper “SAFE” mark.
American Petroleum Institute (API) Engine Oil
Identification Symbol
Change Engine Oil
Refer to the “Maintenance Schedule” for the proper
maintenance intervals.
This symbol means that the oil has
been certified by the American Petroleum Institute (API). The manufacturer only recommends API Certified
engine oils.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 251
Oils with a high ash content may produce damaging
deposits on cylinder head valves and/or aftertreatment
system damage. A maximum sulfated ash content of 1.00
mass % is recommended for all oil used in the engine.
Engine Oil Viscosity (SAE Grade)
Use SAE 15W-40 MOPAR® or an equivalent engine oil
meeting Chrysler Material Standard MS-10902. Products
meeting Cummins® CES 20081 may also be used. The
The same oil change interval is to be followed for identification of these engine oils is typically located on
synthetic oil as for petroleum based oil. Also, synthetic oil the back of the oil container.
must meet the same performance specifications as petro- In ambient temperatures below 0°F (-18°C), SAE 5W-40
leum oil.
synthetic engine oil that meets Chrysler Materials Stan-
CAUTION!
dard MS-10902 and the API CJ-4 engine oil category is
required.
Do not use chemical flushes in your engine oil as the
chemicals can damage your engine. Such damage is
not covered by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
CAUTION!
6
Failure to use SAE 5W-40 synthetic engine oil in
ambient temperatures below 0°F (-18°C) could result
in severe engine damage.
252 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Synthetic Engine Oils
You may use synthetic engine oils if the recommended oil
quality requirements are met and the recommended
maintenance intervals for oil and filter changes are
followed.
Materials Added To Engine Oil
Engine oil not designated by the Chrysler or Cummins®
Material Standards and API CJ-4 should not be used, as
engine and exhaust system durability may be compromised.
The engine oil filler cap also shows the recommended engine
oil viscosity for your engine. For information on engine oil
filler cap location, refer to “Engine Compartment” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
The manufacturer strongly recommends against the addition of any additives (other than leak detection dyes) to
the engine oil. Engine oil is an engineered product and its
performance may be impaired by supplemental additives.
Engine Oil Filter
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts” in
“Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information. The
engine oil filter should be changed at every engine oil
change.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 253
Disposing Of Used Engine Oil And Oil Filters
message will display in the Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC) when service is required. Refer to
“Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC)” in “Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for further information.
Care should be taken in disposing of used engine oil and
oil filters from your vehicle. Used oil and oil filters,
indiscriminately discarded, can present a problem to the
environment. Contact your authorized dealer, service
station or governmental agency for advice on how and The “SERVICE AIR FILTER” message could be displayed
where used oil and oil filters can be safely discarded in periodically. This is because engine air flow requirements
your area.
change based on driving conditions. As the filter becomes
more restrictive and air flow requirements increase the
Engine Air Cleaner Filter
“SERVICE AIR FILTER” message will be displayed. The
message may not be displayed in subsequent drive cycles
CAUTION!
if the same conditions are not met. The air filter element
All air entering the engine intake must be filtered. should be replaced within 250 miles (402 km) from the
The abrasive particles in unfiltered air will cause first time this message is displayed to ensure proper
engine operation during all driving conditions.
rapid wear to engine components.
The condition of the air cleaner filter is monitored by the
Engine Control Module. The “SERVICE AIR FILTER”
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254 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
CAUTION!
Driving with a restricted air filter can cause engine
damage. Driving in dusty environments for extended
periods will lead to rapid air filter plugging. Action
should be taken as soon as the “SERVICE AIR
FILTER” message is displayed.
If the vehicle experiences a sudden loss of engine power
while being driven in heavy snow or rain, or when
plowing snow, and/or the “SERVICE AIR FILTER” message is displayed on the EVIC along with a chime that
repeats every 60 seconds, visually inspect the air filter for
snow/ice build up or extreme water saturation. If the air
filter is not damaged, remove all snow/ice and reinstall
air filter. If the air filter is damaged, replace filter element.
NOTE: The air filter housing contains a Mass Air Flow
sensor. This sensor is critical to proper engine operation
and component longevity. Any damage or modification
to this sensor could result in major engine and/or
exhaust aftertreatment damage. We recommend you use
MOPAR® brand parts.
Even though your vehicle is equipped with an Air Filter
Monitor, a visual inspection of the air cleaner filter
element is recommended every 15,000 miles (24,000km)
or 12 months – whichever occurs first. Under no circumstances should the air cleaner filter element exceed
30,000 miles (48,000 km) or 24 months, whichever comes
first.
CAUTION!
Many aftermarket performance air filter elements do
not adequately filter the air entering the engine. Use
of such filters can severely damage your engine.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 255
ON position, the “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” will
There are two fuel filter assemblies. One is located on the illuminate and an audible chime will be heard five times.
driver’s side of the engine. The best access to this water At this point you should stop the engine and drain the
drain valve is from under the hood. The second one is on water from both of the filters.
the under body, located in front of the rear axle above the
CAUTION!
drive shaft on pick-up models. The Chassis Cab models
second filter location is on the frame behind the front If the “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” remains on, DO
axle. The best access to this water drain valve is from NOT START the engine before you drain water from
under the vehicle.
the fuel filters to avoid engine damage.
Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter
CAUTION!
• Do not drain the fuel/water separator filters when
the engine is running.
• Diesel fuel will damage blacktop paving surfaces.
Drain the filters into an appropriate container.
If the “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” comes on and a
single chime is heard while you are driving, or with the
ignition switch in the ON position, there may be a
problem with your water separator wiring or sensor. See
your authorized dealer for service.
Upon proper draining of the water from both fuel filters,
If water is detected in the water separator while the the “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” will remain illumiengine is running, or while the ignition switch is in the nated for approximately 10 seconds. If the water was
6
256 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
drained while the engine was running, the “Water In Fuel Leave the drain valve open until all water and contamiIndicator Light” may remain on for approximately three nants have been removed. When clean fuel is visible,
close the drain valves by turning them fully clockwise,
minutes.
and turn the ignition switch to OFF.
NOTE: Care should be taken in disposing of used fluids
from your vehicle. Used fluids, indiscriminately discarded, If more than a couple ounces/milliliters of fuel have been
can present a problem to the environment. Contact an drained, follow the directions for “Priming If The Engine
authorized dealer, service station, or government agency Has Run Out Of Fuel.”
for advice on recycling programs and for where used fluids Engine Mounted Fuel Filter Replacement
and filters can be properly disposed of in your area.
NOTE: Using a fuel filter that does not meet the manuDrain the fuel/water separator filters when the “Water In facturer’s filtration and water separating requirements
Fuel Indicator Light” is ON. Within 10 minutes of vehicle can severely impact fuel system life and reliability.
shutdown, turn the engine mounted filter drain valve NOTE: The engine mounted filter housing is equipped
(located on the side of the filters) counterclockwise 1/4 with a No-Filter-No-Run (NFNR) feature. Engine will not
turn, and turn the under body mounted filter drain valve run if:
(located on the bottom of the filter) counterclock wise 1
full turn. Then turn the ignition switch to the ON 1. No filter is installed.
position, and allow any accumulated water to drain. 2. Inferior/Non-approved filter is used. Use of OEM
filter is required to ensure vehicle will run.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 257
CAUTION!
• Diesel fuel will damage blacktop paving surfaces.
Drain the filter into an appropriate container.
• Do not prefill the fuel filter when installing a new
fuel filter. There is a possibility debris could be
introduced into the fuel filter during this action. It
is best to install the filter dry and allow the in-tank
lift pump to prime the fuel system.
1. Ensure engine is turned off.
2. Place drain pan under the fuel filter drain hose.
1 — Drain Valve
3. Open the water drain valve 1/4 turn counterclockwise
and completely drain fuel and water into the approved container.
4. Close the water drain valve.
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258 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
5. Remove lid using a socket or strap wrench. Rotate 10. Push down on the cartridge to ensure it is properly
counterclockwise for removal. Remove used o-ring
seated. Do not pre-fill the filter housing with fuel.
and discard it.
11. Install lid onto housing and tighten to 22.5 ft lbs (30.5
6. Remove the used filter cartridge from the housing and
N.m). Do not overtighten the lid.
dispose of according to your local regulations.
12. Prime the engine using the procedure in “Priming If
7. Wipe clean the sealing surfaces of the lid and housing.
The Engine Has Run Out Of Fuel.” Then start the
engine and confirm there are no leaks.
8. Install new o-ring back into ring groove on the filter
Underbody Mounted Fuel Filter Replacement
housing and lubricate with clean engine oil.
9. Remove new filter cartridge from plastic bag and NOTE: Using a fuel filter that does not meet the manufacturer’s filtration and water separating requirements
install into housing.
can severely impact fuel system life and reliability.
NOTE: Do not remove cartridge from bag until you
NOTE: The underbody mounted filter housing will
reach this step in order to keep cartridge clean.
cause the engine not to run if:
1. No filter is installed.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 259
CAUTION!
• Diesel fuel will damage blacktop paving surfaces.
Drain the filter into an appropriate container.
• Do not prefill the fuel filter when installing a new
fuel filter. There is a possibility debris could be
introduced into the fuel filter during this action. It
is best to install the filter dry and allow the in-tank
lift pump to prime the fuel system.
1. Ensure engine is turned off.
2. Place drain pan under the fuel filter drain hose.
1 — Drain Valve
2 — WIF Sensor
3. Open the water drain valve 1 full turn counterclockwise and completely drain fuel and water into the
approved container.
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260 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
4. Close the water drain valve.
5. Remove lid using a socket or strap wrench. Rotate
counterclockwise for removal. Remove used o-ring
and discard it.
6. Remove the used filter cartridge from the housing and
dispose of according to your local regulations.
Priming If The Engine Has Run Out Of Fuel
WARNING!
Do not open the high pressure fuel system with the
engine running. Engine operation causes high fuel
pressure. High pressure fuel spray can cause serious
injury or death.
7. Wipe clean the sealing surfaces of the lid and housing.
8. Install new o-ring back into ring groove on the filter
housing and lubricate with clean engine oil.
NOTE: WIF sensor is re-usable. Service kit comes with
new o-ring for filter canister and WIF sensor.
1. Add a substantial amount of fuel to the tank, approximately 2 to 5 gal (8L to 19L).
2. Turn ignition switch to the start position to engage
starter for one second, return ignition switch to run
position. This will activate in tank fuel pump for
approximately 15 seconds. Repeat this process twice.
3. Start the engine using the “Normal Starting” procedure. Refer to “Starting Procedures” in “Starting and
Operating” for further information.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 261
CAUTION!
CAUTION!
Do not engage the starter motor for more than 15
seconds at a time. Allow two minutes between the
cranking intervals.
Due to lack of lubricants in alcohol or gasoline, the
use of these fuels can cause damage to the fuel
system.
NOTE: The engine may run rough until the air is forced NOTE:
from all the fuel lines.
• A maximum blend of 20% biodiesel, meeting ASTM
specification D-6751 may be used with your CumWARNING!
mins® diesel engine. Use of biodiesel mixture in excess
of 20% can negatively impact the fuel filter’s ability to
Do not use alcohol or gasoline as a fuel blending
separate water from the fuel, resulting in high pressure
agent. They can be unstable under certain conditions
fuel system corrosion or damage.
and be hazardous or explosive when mixed with
diesel fuel.
• Ethanol blends are not recommended or approved for
use with your Cummins® diesel engine.
• In addition, commercially available fuel additives are
not necessary for the proper operation of your Cummins® diesel engine.
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262 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Intervention Regeneration Strategy – EVIC
Message Process Flow
The Cummins® diesel engine meets all EPA Heavy Duty
Diesel Engine Emissions Standards, resulting in one of
the lowest emitting diesel engines ever produced.
To achieve these emissions standards, your vehicle is
equipped with a state-of-the-art engine and exhaust
system. The engine and exhaust after-treatment system
work together to achieve the EPA Heavy Duty Diesel
Engine Emissions Standards. These systems are seamlessly integrated into your vehicle and managed by the
Cummins® Powertrain Control Module (PCM). The
PCM manages engine combustion to allow the exhaust
system’s catalyst to trap and burn Particulate Matter
(PM) pollutants, with no input or interaction on your
part.
Refer to the following messages that may be displayed on
your Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC):
WARNING!
A hot exhaust system can start a fire if you park over
materials that can burn. Such materials might be
grass or leaves coming into contact with your exhaust
system. Do not park or operate your vehicle in areas
where your exhaust system can contact anything that
can burn.
Perform Service
Your vehicle will require emissions maintenance at a set
interval. To help remind you when this maintenance is
due, the Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC)
will display “Perform Service”. When the “Perform Service” message is displayed on the EVIC it is necessary to
Additionally, your vehicle has the ability to alert you to
have the emissions maintenance performed. Emissions
additional maintenance required on your truck or engine.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 263
maintenance may include replacing the Closed Crankcase Ventilation (CCV) filter element. The procedure for
clearing and resetting the ⬙Perform Service⬙ indicator
message is located in the appropriate Service Information.
Exhaust System – Regeneration Required Now
⬙Exhaust Filter XX% Full Safely Drive at Highway Speeds
to Remedy⬙ will be displayed on the Electronic Vehicle
Information Center (EVIC) if the exhaust particulate filter
reaches 80% of its maximum storage capacity. Under
conditions of exclusive short duration and low speed
driving cycles, your Cummins® diesel engine and exhaust after-treatment system may never reach the conditions required to remove the trapped PM. If this occurs,
the “Exhaust Filter XX% Full Safely Drive at Highway
Speeds to Remedy” message will be displayed in the
EVIC. If this message is displayed, you will hear one
chime to assist in alerting you of this condition.
By simply driving your vehicle at highway speeds for as
little as 45 minutes, you can remedy the condition in the
particulate filter system and allow your Cummins®
diesel engine and exhaust after-treatment system to remove the trapped PM and restore the system to normal
operating condition.
Exhaust System – Regeneration In Process Exhaust
Filter XX% Full
Indicates that the Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) is selfcleaning. Maintain your current driving condition until
regeneration is completed.
Exhaust System – Regeneration Completed
Indicates that the Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) selfcleaning is completed. If this message is displayed, you
will hear one chime to assist in alerting you of this
condition.
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264 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
necessary to have your vehicle serviced by your local
Regeneration has been disabled due to a system malfunc- authorized dealer.
tion. At this point the engine Powertrain Control Module
CAUTION!
(PCM) will register a fault code, the instrument panel will
display a MIL light.
See your authorized dealer, as damage to the exhaust
system could occur soon with continued operation.
Exhaust Service Required – See Dealer Now
CAUTION!
See your authorized dealer, as damage to the exhaust
system could occur soon with continued operation.
Exhaust Filter Full – Power Reduced See Dealer
The PCM derates the engine in order to limit the likelihood of permanent damage to the after-treatment system. If this condition is not corrected and a dealer service
is not performed, extensive exhaust after-treatment damage can occur. In order to correct this condition it will be
Diesel Exhaust Fluid
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) sometimes known simply by
the name of its active component, UREA—is a key
component of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems,
which help diesel vehicles meet stringent emission regulations. DEF is a liquid reducing agent that reacts with
engine exhaust in the presence of a catalyst to convert
smog-forming nitrogen oxides (NOx) into harmless nitrogen and water vapor.
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts” in
“Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 265
You can receive assistance in locating DEF in the United
States by calling 866-RAM-INFO (866-726-4636). In
Canada call 1–800–465–2001 (English) or 1–800–387–9983
(French)
Maintenance-Free Batteries
The top of the maintenance-free batteries are permanently sealed. You will never have to add water, nor is
periodic maintenance required.
NOTE: Replacement batteries should both be of equal
capacity to prevent damage to the vehicle’s charging
system.
CAUTION!
It is essential when replacing the cables on the
battery that the positive cable is attached to the
positive post and the negative cable is attached to the
(Continued)
CAUTION! (Continued)
negative post. Battery posts are marked (+) positive
and negative (-) and are identified on the battery
case. Also, if a “fast charger” is used while the battery
is in vehicle, disconnect both vehicle battery cables
before connecting the charger to the battery. Do not
use a “fast charger” to provide starting voltage.
WARNING!
Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds. Always wash hands
after handling the battery.
Battery Blanket Usage
A battery loses 60% of its cranking power as the battery
temperature decreases to 0°F (-18°). For the same decrease in temperature, the engine requires twice as much
power to crank at the same RPM. The use of 120 Volt AC
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266 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
powered battery blankets will greatly increase starting flushed and refilled with fresh coolant. Check the front of
capability at low temperatures. Suitable battery blankets the A/C condenser (if equipped) or radiator for any
accumulation of bugs, leaves, etc. If dirty, clean by gently
are available from your authorized MOPAR® dealer.
spraying water from a garden hose vertically down the
Cooling System
face of the A/C condenser (if equipped) or the back of the
radiator core.
WARNING!
You or others can be badly burned by hot engine
coolant (antifreeze) or steam from your radiator. If
you see or hear steam coming from under the hood,
do not open the hood until the radiator has had time
to cool. Never try to open a cooling system pressure
cap when the radiator is hot.
Check the engine cooling system hoses for brittle rubber,
cracking, tears, cuts and tightness of the connection at the
coolant recovery bottle and radiator. Inspect the entire
system for leaks.
With the engine at normal operating temperature (but
not running), check the cooling system pressure cap for
proper vacuum sealing by draining a small amount of
Engine Coolant Checks
engine coolant (antifreeze) from the radiator drain cock.
Check the engine coolant (antifreeze) protection every 12 The radiator drain cock is located in the lower radiator
months (before the onset of freezing weather, where tank. If the cap is sealing properly, the engine coolant
applicable). If the engine coolant (antifreeze) is dirty or
rusty in appearance, the system should be drained,
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 267
(antifreeze) will begin to drain from the coolant expansion bottle. DO NOT REMOVE THE COOLANT PRESSURE CAP WHEN THE COOLING SYSTEM IS HOT.
Cooling System – Drain, Flush, And Refill
If the engine coolant (antifreeze) is dirty or contains a
considerable amount of sediment, clean and flush with a
reliable cooling system cleaner. Follow with a thorough
rinsing to remove all deposits and chemicals. Properly
dispose of old engine coolant (antifreeze).
Refer to the “Maintenance Schedule” for the proper
maintenance intervals.
Selection Of Coolant
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts” in
“Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
CAUTION!
• Mixing of engine coolant (antifreeze) other than
specified Organic Additive Technology (OAT) engine coolant (antifreeze), may result in engine
damage and may decrease corrosion protection.
Organic Additive Technology (OAT) engine coolant is different and should not be mixed with
Hybrid Organic Additive Technology (HOAT) engine coolant (antifreeze) or any “globally compatible” coolant (antifreeze). If a non-OAT engine
coolant (antifreeze) is introduced into the cooling
system in an emergency, the cooling system will
need to be drained, flushed, and refilled with fresh
OAT coolant (conforming to MS-12106), by an
authorized dealer as soon as possible.
(Continued)
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268 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
CAUTION! (Continued)
• Do not use water alone or alcohol-based engine
coolant (antifreeze) products. Do not use additional
rust inhibitors or antirust products, as they may not
be compatible with the radiator engine coolant and
may plug the radiator.
• This vehicle has not been designed for use with
propylene glycol-based engine coolant (antifreeze).
Use of propylene glycol-based engine coolant (antifreeze) is not recommended.
you use the same engine coolant (OAT coolant conforming to MS-12106) throughout the life of your vehicle.
Please review these recommendations for using Organic
Additive Technology (OAT) engine coolant (antifreeze)
that meets the requirements of Chrysler Material Standard MS-12106. When adding engine coolant (antifreeze):
• We recommend using MOPAR® Antifreeze/Coolant
10 Year/150,000 Mile Formula OAT (Organic Additive
Technology) that meets the requirements of Chrysler
Material Standard MS-12106.
• Mix a minimum solution of 50% OAT engine coolant
that meets the requirements of Chrysler Material StanYour vehicle has been built with an improved engine
dard MS-12106 and distilled water. Use higher concencoolant (OAT coolant conforming to MS-12106) that
trations (not to exceed 70%) if temperatures below
allows extended maintenance intervals. This engine cool−34° F (−37° C) are anticipated.
ant (antifreeze) can be used up to ten years or 150,000
miles (240,000 km) before replacement. To prevent reduc- • Use only high purity water such as distilled or deioning this extended maintenance period, it is important that
ized water when mixing the water/engine coolant
Adding Coolant
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 269
(antifreeze) solution. The use of lower quality water The cap should be inspected and cleaned if there is any
will reduce the amount of corrosion protection in the accumulation of foreign material on the sealing surfaces.
engine cooling system.
Please note that it is the owner’s responsibility to maintain the proper level of protection against freezing according to the temperatures occurring in the area where
the vehicle is operated.
NOTE: Mixing engine coolant (antifreeze) types is not
recommended and can result in cooling system damage.
If HOAT and OAT coolant are mixed in an emergency,
have a authorized dealer drain, flush, and refill with OAT
coolant (conforming to MS-12106) as soon as possible.
Cooling System Pressure Cap
The cap must be fully tightened to prevent loss of engine
coolant (antifreeze), and to ensure that the engine coolant
(antifreeze) will return to the radiator from the coolant
expansion bottle.
WARNING!
• The warning words “DO NOT OPEN HOT” on the
cooling system pressure cap are a safety precaution.
Never add engine coolant (antifreeze) when the
engine is overheated. Do not loosen or remove the
cap to cool an overheated engine. Heat causes
pressure to build up in the cooling system. To
prevent scalding or injury, do not remove the
pressure cap while the system is hot or under
pressure.
• Do not use a pressure cap other than the one
specified for your vehicle. Personal injury or engine damage may result.
6
270 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
If an examination of your engine compartment shows no
evidence of radiator or hose leaks, the vehicle may be
Used ethylene glycol-based engine coolant (antifreeze) is
safely driven. The vapor will soon dissipate.
a regulated substance requiring proper disposal. Check
with your local authorities to determine the disposal • Do not overfill the coolant expansion bottle.
rules for your community. To prevent ingestion by ani- • Check the coolant freeze point in the radiator and in the
mals or children, do not store ethylene glycol-based
coolant expansion bottle. If engine coolant (antifreeze)
engine coolant (antifreeze) in open containers or allow it
needs to be added, the contents of the coolant expansion
to remain in puddles on the ground. If ingested by a child
bottle must also be protected against freezing.
or pet, seek emergency assistance immediately. Clean up
• If frequent engine coolant (antifreeze) additions are
any ground spills immediately.
required, the cooling system should be pressure tested
Points To Remember
for leaks.
NOTE: When the vehicle is stopped after a few miles/
kilometers of operation, you may observe vapor coming
from the front of the engine compartment. This is normally a result of moisture from rain, snow, or high
humidity accumulating on the radiator and being vaporized when the thermostat opens, allowing hot engine
coolant (antifreeze) to enter the radiator.
Disposal Of Used Engine Coolant
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 271
• Maintain engine coolant (antifreeze) concentration at a
minimum of 50% OAT coolant (conforming to MS12106) and distilled water for proper corrosion protection of your engine which contains aluminum components.
Charge Air Cooler – Inter-Cooler
The charge air cooler is positioned below the radiator and
the air conditioner condenser. Air enters the engine
through the air cleaner and passes through the turbocharger, where it is pressurized. This pressurized air
• Make sure that the coolant expansion bottle overflow rapidly reaches high temperature. The air is then directed
through a hose to the charge air cooler and through
hoses are not kinked or obstructed.
another hose to the intake manifold of the engine. The air
• Keep the front of the radiator clean. If your vehicle is
entering the engine has been cooled by about 50° to 100°F
equipped with air conditioning, keep the front of the
(10° to 38°C). This cooling process enables more efficient
condenser clean.
burning of fuel resulting in fewer emissions.
• Do not change the thermostat for Summer or Winter
operation. If replacement is ever necessary, install To guarantee optimum performance of the system, keep
ONLY the correct type thermostat. Other designs may the surfaces of the charge air cooler, condenser and
result in unsatisfactory engine coolant (antifreeze) radiator clean and free of debris. Periodically check the
performance, poor gas mileage, and increased emis- hoses leading to and from the charge air cooler for cracks
or loose clamps resulting in loss of pressure and reduced
sions.
engine performance.
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272 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Brake System
Brake Master Cylinder – Brake Fluid Level Check
The fluid level of the master cylinder should be checked
when performing under the hood service, or immediately if the “Brake System Warning Light” indicates
system failure.
The brake master cylinder has a translucent plastic
reservoir. On the outboard side of the reservoir, there is a
“MAX” mark and an “MIN” mark. The fluid level must
be kept within these two marks. Do not add fluid above
the full mark because leakage may occur at the cap.
With disc brakes, the fluid level can be expected to fall as
the brake linings wear. However, an unexpected drop in
fluid level may be caused by a leak and a system check
should be conducted.
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts” in
“Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
WARNING!
• Use only manufacturer’s recommended brake
fluid. Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine
Parts” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further
information. Using the wrong type of brake fluid
can severely damage your brake system and/or
impair its performance. The proper type of brake
fluid for your vehicle is also identified on the
original factory installed hydraulic master cylinder
reservoir.
(Continued)
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 273
WARNING! (Continued)
WARNING! (Continued)
• To avoid contamination from foreign matter or
moisture, use only new brake fluid or fluid that has
been in a tightly closed container. Keep the master
cylinder reservoir cap secured at all times. Brake
fluid in a open container absorbs moisture from the
air resulting in a lower boiling point. This may
cause it to boil unexpectedly during hard or prolonged braking, resulting in sudden brake failure.
This could result in a accident.
• Overfilling the brake fluid reservoir can result in
spilling brake fluid on hot engine parts, causing
the brake fluid to catch fire. Brake fluid can also
damage painted and vinyl surfaces, care should be
taken to avoid its contact with these surfaces.
• Do not allow petroleum based fluid to contaminate
the brake fluid. Brake seal components could be
damaged, causing partial or complete brake failure.
This could result in an accident.
(Continued)
Clutch Hydraulic System
The clutch hydraulic system is a sealed maintenance-free
system. In the event of leakage or other malfunction, the
system must be replaced.
Transfer Case – If Equipped
Drain And Refill
Refer to the “Maintenance Schedule” for the proper
maintenance intervals.
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274 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
is on level ground, enough lubricant should be added to
bring the level to 1/4 in (6 mm) below the bottom of the
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts” in
filler hole.
“Maintaining Your Vehicle” for fluid specifications.
Automatic Transmission – If Equipped
Fluid Level Check
Selection of Lubricant
This fluid level can be checked by removing the filler Selection of Lubricant
plug. The fluid level should be to the bottom edge of the It is important to use the proper transmission fluid to
filler plug hole with the vehicle in a level position.
ensure optimum transmission performance and life. Use
only the manufacturer’s specified transmission fluid.
Manual Transmission – If Equipped
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts” in this
Selection of Lubricant
section for fluid specifications. It is important to maintain
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts” in the transmission fluid at the correct level using the
recommended fluid.
“Maintaining Your Vehicle” for fluid specifications.
Fluid Level Check
The fluid level can be checked by removing the filler
plug. If the level of the lubricant is more than 1/2 in (12
mm) below the bottom of the filler hole while the vehicle
No chemical flushes should be used in any transmission;
only the approved lubricant should be used.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 275
CAUTION!
CAUTION!
Using a transmission fluid other than the manufacturer’s recommended fluid may cause deterioration
in transmission shift quality, and will require more
frequent fluid and filter changes. Refer to “Fluids,
Lubricants, and Genuine Parts” in this section for
fluid specifications.
Do not use chemical flushes in your transmission as
the chemicals can damage your transmission components. Such damage is not covered by the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Special Additives
The manufacturer strongly recommends against using
any special additives in the transmission. Automatic
Transmission Fluid (ATF) is an engineered product and
its performance may be impaired by supplemental additives. Therefore, do not add any fluid additives to the
transmission. The only exception to this policy is the use
of special dyes for diagnosing fluid leaks. Avoid using
transmission sealers as they may adversely affect seals.
Fluid Level Check
It is best to check the fluid level when the transmission is
at normal operating temperature (170-180°F / 77-82°C for
68RFE transmission, or 158-176°F / 70-80°C for AS69RC
transmission). This normally occurs after at least 15 miles
(25 km) of driving. At normal operating temperature the
fluid cannot be held comfortably between the fingertips.
You can read the transmission sump temperature in the
EVIC display (see Electronic Vehicle Information Center
[EVIC] for further information).
6
276 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Use the following procedure to check the transmission 6. Remove the dipstick, wipe it clean and reinsert it until
fluid level properly:
seated.
1. Monitor the transmission temperature using the EVIC 7. Remove the dipstick again and note the fluid level on
both sides. The fluid level reading is only valid if there
display, and operate the vehicle as required to reach
the normal operating temperature.
is a solid coating of oil on both sides of the dipstick.
Note that the holes in the dipstick will be full of fluid
2. Park the vehicle on level ground.
if the actual level is at or above the hole. The fluid level
3. Run the engine at normal idle speed for at least 60
should be between the “HOT” (upper) reference holes
on the dipstick at normal operating temperature. If the
seconds, and leave the engine running for the rest of
fluid level is low, add fluid through the dipstick tube
this procedure.
to bring it to the proper level. Do not overfill. Use
4. Fully apply the parking brake and press the brake
ONLY the recommended fluid (see ⬙Fluids, Lubripedal.
cants, and Genuine Parts⬙ for fluid specifications).
After adding any quantity of oil through the dipstick
5. Place the shift lever momentarily into each gear positube, wait a minimum of two minutes for the oil to
tion (allowing time for the transmission to fully enfully drain into the transmission before rechecking the
gage in each position), ending with the transmission in
fluid level.
PARK.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 277
NOTE: If it is necessary to check the transmission below
the operating temperature, the fluid level should be
between the two “COLD” (lower) holes on the dipstick
with the fluid at 60-70°F / 16-21°C for 68RFE transmission, or 68-86°F / 20-30°C for AS69RC transmission. Only
use the COLD region of the dipstick as a rough reference
when setting the fluid level after a transmission service
or fluid change. Re-check the fluid level, and adjust as
required, once the transmission reaches normal operating
temperature.
CAUTION!
If the fluid temperature is below 50°F (10°C) it may
not register on the dipstick. Do not add fluid until
the temperature is elevated enough to produce an
accurate reading. Run the engine at idle, in PARK, to
warm the fluid.
8. Check for leaks. Release the parking brake.
NOTE: To prevent dirt and water from entering the
transmission after checking or replenishing fluid, make
sure that the dipstick cap is properly reseated. It is
normal for the dipstick cap to spring back slightly from
its fully seated position, as long as its seal remains
engaged in the dipstick tube.
Fluid And Filter Change
Refer to the “Maintenance Schedule” for the proper
maintenance intervals.
In addition, change the fluid and filter(s) if the fluid
becomes contaminated (with water, etc.), or if the transmission is disassembled for any reason.
Noise Control System Required Maintenance &
Warranty
All vehicles built over 10,000 lbs. (4 535 kg) Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating and manufactured for sale and use in the
United States are required to comply with the Federal
6
278 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Government’s Exterior Noise Regulations. These vehicles Required Maintenance For Noise Control Systems
can be identified by the Noise Emission Control Label The following maintenance services must be performed
located in the operator’s compartment.
every six months or 7,500 miles (12 000 km) whichever
comes first, to assure proper operation of the noise
control systems. In addition, inspection and service
should be performed anytime a malfunction is observed
or suspected. Proper maintenance of the entire vehicle
will help the effectiveness of the noise control systems.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 279
Exhaust System
Inspect the entire exhaust system for leaks and damaged
parts. Devices such as hangers, clamps, and U-bolts
should be tight and in good condition. Damaged components, burned or blown out mufflers, burned or rusted
out exhaust pipes should be replaced according to the
procedures and specifications outlined in the appropriate
service manual.
Air Cleaner Assembly
Inspect air cleaner housing for proper assembly and fit.
Make certain that the air cleaner is properly positioned
and that the cover is tight. Check all hoses leading to the
air cleaner for tightness. The air filter element must also
be clean and serviced according to the instructions outlined in the Maintenance Schedule section of this manual.
Tampering With Noise Control System Prohibited
Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing
thereof: (1) the removal or rendering inoperative by any
person, other than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or
replacement, of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise
control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate
purchaser or while it is in use, or (2) the use of the vehicle
after such device or element of design has been removed
or rendered inoperative by any person.
Among those acts presumed to constitute tampering are
the acts listed below.
AIR CLEANER
• Removal of the air cleaner.
• Removal of the air cleaner filter element from the air
cleaner housing.
• Removal of the air ducting.
6
280 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
This warranty covers this vehicle as designed, built and
equipped by the manufacturer, and is not limited to any
• Removal or rendering inoperative exhaust system
particular part, component or system of the vehicle
components including the muffler or tailpipe.
manufactured by the manufacturer. Defects in design,
assembly or in any part, component or system of the
ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM
vehicle as manufactured by the manufacturer, which, at
• Removal or rendering inoperative the fan clutch.
the time it left the manufacturer’s control, caused noise
emissions to exceed Federal standards, are covered by
• Removal of the fan shroud.
this warranty for the life of the vehicle.
Noise Emission Warranty
EXHAUST SYSTEM
The manufacturer warrants that this vehicle as manufactured by the manufacturer, was designed, built and
equipped to conform at the time it left the manufacturer’s
control with all applicable U.S. EPA Noise Control Regulations.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 281
Maintenance Log and Service Chart (Diesel Engines)
Noise Systems Maintenance Chart and Service Log — Insert Month, Day, Year under column mileage closest
to the mileage at which service was performed.
MILES
7,500
15,000
22,500
30,000
37,500
45,000
52,500
60,000
KILOMETERS
12 000
24 000
36 000
48 000
60 000
72 000
84 000
96 000
Exhaust
system-inspect
Air cleaner
assemblyinspect
ODOMETER
READING
PERFORMED
BY
PERFORMED
AT
6
282 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Noise Systems Maintenance Chart and Service Log — Insert Month, Day, Year under column mileage closest
to the mileage at which service was performed.
MILES
67,500
75,000
82,500
90,000
97,500
105,000
112,500
120,000
KILOMETERS
108 000
120 000
132 000
144 000
156 000
168 000
180 000
192 000
Exhaust
system-inspect
Air cleaner
assemblyinspect
ODOMETER
READING
PERFORMED
BY
PERFORMED
AT
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 283
FLUID CAPACITIES
Fuel (Approximate)
2500/3500 Shortbed Models
2500/3500 Longbed Models
Standard Rear Tank – Chassis Cab Only
Optional Midship Tank – Chassis Cab Only
Diesel Exhaust Fluid Tank (Approximate) –
2500/3500 Models
Diesel Exhaust Fluid Tank (Approximate) –
Chassis Cab
Engine Oil With Filter
6.7L Turbo Diesel Engine
Cooling System
6.7L Turbo Diesel Engine (MOPAR® Engine Coolant/
Antifreeze 10 Year/150,000 Mile Formula)
U.S.
Metric
31 Gallons
32 Gallons
52 Gallons
22 Gallons
5.5 Gallons
129 Liters
132 Liters
197 Liters
83 Liters
21 Liters
9 Gallons
34 Liters
12 Quarts
11.4 Liters
5.7 Gallons
21.4 Liters
6
284 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
FLUIDS, LUBRICANTS AND GENUINE PARTS
Engine
Component
Engine
Coolant
Engine Oil
Engine Oil
Filter
Fuel Filters
Crankcase
Ventilation
Filter
Fluid, Lubricant, or Genuine Part
We recommend you use MOPAR® Antifreeze/Coolant 10 Year/150,000 Mile Formula OAT (Organic
Additive Technology).
In ambient temperatures below 0°F (-18°C), We recommend you use 5W-40 synthetic engine oil that
meets Chrysler Materials Standard MS-10902 and the API CJ-4 engine oil category is required.
In ambient temperatures above 0°F (-18°C), We recommend you use 15W-40 engine oil that meets
Chrysler Materials Standard MS-10902 and the API CJ-4 engine oil category is required.
We recommend you use MOPAR® Engine Oil Filters.
We recommend you use MOPAR® Fuel Filter. Must meet 3 micron rating. Using a fuel filter that
does not meet the manufacturers filtration and water separating requirements can severely
impact fuel system life and reliability.
We recommend you use MOPAR® CCV Filter.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 285
Component
Fuel Selection
Diesel Exhaust
Fluid
Fluid, Lubricant, or Genuine Part
Use good quality diesel fuel from a reputable supplier in your vehicle. Federal law requires that
you must fuel this vehicle with Ultra Low Sulfur Highway Diesel fuel (15 ppm Sulfur maximum)
and prohibits the use of Low Sulfur Highway Diesel fuel (500 ppm Sulfur maximum) to avoid
damage to the emissions control system. For most year-round service, No. 2 diesel fuel meeting
ASTM specification D-975 Grade S15 will provide good performance. If the vehicle is exposed to
extreme cold (below 20°F or -7°C), or is required to operate at colder-than-normal conditions for
prolonged periods, use climatized No. 2 diesel fuel or dilute the No. 2 diesel fuel with 50% No.
1 diesel fuel. This will provide better protection from fuel gelling or wax-plugging of the fuel
filters. This vehicle is fully compatible with biodiesel blends up to 5% biodiesel meeting
ASTM specification D-975. Pickup models, and Chassis Cab models configured with optional
B20 capability, are additionally compatible with 20% biodiesel meeting ASTM specification
D-7467.
MOPAR® Diesel Exhaust Fluid (API Certified) (DEF) or equivalent that has been API Certified
to the ISO 22241 standard. Use of fluids not API Certified to ISO 22241 may result in system
damage. You can receive assistance in locating DEF in the United States by calling 866-RAMINFO (866-726-4636). In Canada call 1–800–465–2001 (English) or 1–800–387–9983 (French)
6
286 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Chassis
Component
Automatic Transmission – If Equipped (Six-Speed
68RFE) – Pickup models without PTO
Automatic Transmission – If Equipped (Six-Speed
AS69RC) – Pickup models with PTO, and all Chassis
Cab models
Transfer Case
Front and Rear Axle Fluid (2500/3500)
Fluid, Lubricant, or Genuine Part
We recommend you use MOPAR® ATF+4® Automatic
Transmission Fluid or equivalent licensed ATF+4®
product. Failure to use ATF+4® fluid may affect the
function or performance of your transmission.
We recommend you use MOPAR® ASRC Automatic
Transmission Fluid or equivalent. Failure to use the
proper fluid may affect the function or performance of
your transmission.
We recommend you use MOPAR® BW44–44 Transfer
Case Fluid.
We recommend you use Synthetic, GL-5 SAE, 75W-90.
Limited-Slip 10.5/11.5 inch Rear Axles Limited slip
additive is not required.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 287
Component
Front and Rear Axle Fluid (4500/5500)
Clutch Linkage
Manual Transmission (G-56) – If Equipped
Fluid, Lubricant, or Genuine Part
We recommend you use GL-5 SAE 75W-90 Synthetic
(MS-9763).
We recommend you use MOPAR® Multi-Purpose
Grease, NLGI Grade 2 E.P. or equivalent.
We recommend you use MOPAR® ATF+4® Automatic
Transmission Fluid or equivalent licensed ATF+4®
product.
6
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
CONTENTS
䡵 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE – DIESEL
ENGINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .290
▫ Perform Service Indicator – Cummins®
Diesel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .292
▫ Oil Change Indicator System – Cummins®
Diesel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .290
▫ Required Maintenance Intervals . . . . . . . . . . .292
7
290 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE – DIESEL ENGINE
CAUTION!
Failure to perform the required maintenance items
may result in damage to the vehicle.
At Each Stop For Fuel
• Check the engine oil level at least 30 minutes after a
fully warmed engine is shut off. Checking the oil level
while the vehicle is on level ground will improve the
accuracy of the oil level reading. Add oil only when
the level is at or below the ADD or MIN mark.
At Each Oil Change
• Change the engine oil filter.
• Inspect the exhaust system.
• Check the coolant level, hoses, and clamps.
• Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
Inspection and service should also be performed anytime
a malfunction is observed or suspected. Retain all receipts.
Oil Change Indicator System – Cummins® Diesel
Your vehicle is equipped with an engine oil change
indicator system. This system will alert you when it is
Once A Month
time to change your engine oil by displaying the words
• Inspect the batteries, and clean and tighten the termi“Oil Change Due” on your Electronic Vehicle Informanals as required.
tion Center (EVIC). The engine oil change indicator
• Check the fluid levels of the coolant reservoir, brake system is duty cycle based, which means the engine oil
master cylinder, and automatic transmission (if
equipped), and add as needed.
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 291
change interval may fluctuate depending on your personal driving style. Driving styles such as frequent stop
and go type driving or extended idle time can increase
the frequency of the engine oil change. This is the result
of more frequent regeneration of the exhaust after treatment system, which can decrease the life of the engine oil.
Failure to change the engine oil per the maintenance
schedule can result in internal engine damage.
Replace the engine oil and oil filter every 15,000 miles
(24 000 km) or six months, or sooner if prompted by the
oil change indicator system. Under no circumstances
should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles (24
000 km) or six months, whichever comes first.
NOTE:
• Under no circumstances should oil change intervals
exceed 15,000 miles (24,000 km) or six months or 500
For information on resetting the Oil Change Indicator
Hours, whichever comes first.
message, refer to “Oil Change Due” under “Electronic
Vehicle Information Center (EVIC)/EVIC Warning • Replace the engine oil and oil filter every 12,500 miles
Lights” in “Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for
(20 000 km) when running B20 fuel (Chassis Cab
Only).
further information.
7
292 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
If Chassis Cab models are operated with greater than 5%
levels of Biodiesel, the oil change interval must not
exceed 12,500 miles (20 000 km) under any circumstances.
See the Fuel Requirements section for more information
regarding operation of Chassis Cab models configured
for use with Biodiesel blend(B6-B20) fuel meeting ASTM
specification D-7467.
Perform Service Indicator – Cummins® Diesel
will display “Perform Service”. When the “Perform Service” message is displayed on the EVIC it is necessary to
have the emissions maintenance performed. Emissions
maintenance may include replacing the Closed Crankcase Ventilation (CCV) filter element. The procedure for
clearing and resetting the “Perform Service” indicator
message is located in the appropriate Service Information.
Your vehicle will require emissions maintenance at a set Required Maintenance Intervals
interval. To help remind you when this maintenance is Refer to the Maintenance Schedules on the following
due, the Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC) pages for the required maintenance intervals.
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 293
7,500 Miles (12,000 km) or 6 Months Maintenance Service
Schedule
❏
❏
❏
❏
Check the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) tank, refill if necessary.
Rotate tires.
Lubricate front drive shaft fitting (4x4).
Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles (24
000 km) or six months or 500 Hours, whichever comes first.
7
Odometer Reading
Repair Order #
Signature, Authorized Service Center
Date
Dealer Code
294 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
15,000 Miles (24,000 km) or 12 Months Maintenance Service
Schedule
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
Check the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) tank, refill if necessary.
Rotate tires.
Replace engine fuel filter element.
Replace chassis mounted fuel filter element.
Lubricate front drive shaft fitting (4x4).
Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
Inspect the front suspension, tie rod ends and boot seals for cracks or leaks and all
parts for damage, wear, improper looseness or end play; replace if necessary.
❏ Inspect the front and rear axle surfaces. If gear oil leakage is suspected, check the
fluid level. If using your vehicle for police, taxi, fleet, off-road or frequent trailer
towing change the axle fluid.
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles (24
000 km) or six months or 500 Hours, whichever comes first.
Odometer Reading
Repair Order #
Signature, Authorized Service Center
Date
Dealer Code
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 295
22,500 Miles (36,000 km) or 18 Months Maintenance Service
Schedule
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
Check the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) tank, refill if necessary.
Rotate tires.
Inspect drive belt, replace if necessary.
Lubricate front drive shaft fitting (4x4).
Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
Inspect brake linings.
Inspect and adjust parking brake if necessary.
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles
(24 000 km) or six months or 500 Hours, whichever comes first.
7
Odometer Reading
Repair Order #
Signature, Authorized Service Center
Date
Dealer Code
296 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
30,000 Miles (48,000 km) or 24 Months Maintenance Service Schedule
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
Check the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) tank, refill if necessary.
Rotate tires.
Replace engine fuel filter element.
Replace chassis mounted fuel filter element.
Lubricate front drive shaft fitting (4x4).
Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
Inspect the wheel bearings.
Inspect the front suspension, tie rod ends and boot seals for cracks or leaks and all parts for damage, wear, improper looseness
or end play; replace if necessary.
❏ Inspect the front (4x4) and rear axle fluid, change if using your vehicle for police, taxi, fleet, off-road or frequent trailer towing.
❏ Check the transfer case fluid (4x4).
❏ Change automatic transmission fluid (AS69RC transmission only).
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles (24 000 km) or six months or 500 Hours, whichever
comes first.
Odometer Reading
Repair Order #
Signature, Authorized Service Center
Date
Dealer Code
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 297
37,500 Miles (60,000 km) or 30 Months Maintenance Service
Schedule
❏
❏
❏
❏
Check the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) tank, refill if necessary.
Rotate tires.
Lubricate front drive shaft fitting (4x4).
Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles (24
000 km) or six months or 500 Hours, whichever comes first.
7
Odometer Reading
Repair Order #
Signature, Authorized Service Center
Date
Dealer Code
298 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
45,000 Miles (72,000 km) or 36 Months Maintenance Service Schedule
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
Check the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) tank, refill if necessary.
Rotate tires.
Inspect drive belt, replace as necessary.
Replace engine fuel filter element.
Replace chassis mounted fuel filter element.
Lubricate front drive shaft fitting (4x4).
Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
Inspect the front suspension, tie rod ends and boot seals for cracks or leaks and all parts for damage, wear, improper looseness
or end play; replace if necessary.
❏ Inspect brake linings.
❏ Inspect and adjust parking brake if necessary.
❏ Inspect the front and rear axle surfaces. If gear oil leakage is suspected, check the fluid level. If using your vehicle for police,
taxi, fleet, off-road or frequent trailer towing change the axle fluid.
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles (24 000 km) or six months or 500 Hours, whichever
comes first.
Odometer Reading
Repair Order #
Signature, Authorized Service Center
Date
Dealer Code
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 299
52,500 Miles (84,000 km) or 42 Months Maintenance Service
Schedule
❏
❏
❏
❏
Check the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) tank, refill if necessary.
Rotate tires.
Lubricate front drive shaft fitting (4x4).
Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles
(24 000 km) or six months or 500 Hours, whichever comes first.
7
Odometer Reading
Repair Order #
Signature, Authorized Service Center
Date
Dealer Code
300 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
60,000 Miles (96,000 km) or 48 Months Maintenance Service Schedule
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
Check the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) tank, refill if necessary.
Rotate tires.
Replace engine fuel filter element.
Replace chassis mounted fuel filter element.
Lubricate front drive shaft fitting (4x4).
Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
Inspect the wheel bearings.
Inspect the front suspension, tie rod ends and boot seals for cracks or leaks and all parts for damage, wear, improper looseness
or end play; replace if necessary.
Inspect the front and rear axle surfaces. If gear oil leakage is suspected, check the fluid level. If using your vehicle for police,
taxi, fleet, off-road or frequent trailer towing change the axle fluid.
Change automatic transmission fluid and sump filter (AS69RC transmission only).
Change automatic transmission fluid and filter(s) if using your vehicle for any of the following: police, fleet, or frequent trailer
towing (68RFE transmission only).
Change the manual transmission fluid if using your vehicle for any of the following: police, fleet, or frequent trailer towing.
Change the transfer case fluid (4x4).
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles (24 000 km) or six months or 500 Hours, whichever comes first.
Odometer Reading
Repair Order #
Signature, Authorized Service Center
Date
Dealer Code
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 301
67,500 Miles (108,000 km) or 54 Months Maintenance Service
Schedule
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
Check the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) tank, refill if necessary.
Rotate tires.
Inspect drive belt, replace as necessary.
Lubricate front drive shaft fitting (4x4).
Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
Inspect brake linings.
Inspect and adjust parking brake if necessary.
Replace Crankcase Ventilation Filter (CCV).
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles
(24 000 km) or six months or 500 Hours, whichever comes first.
7
Odometer Reading
Repair Order #
Signature, Authorized Service Center
Date
Dealer Code
302 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
75,000 Miles (120,000 km) or 60 Months Maintenance Service Schedule
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
Check the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) tank, refill if necessary.
Rotate tires.
Replace engine fuel filter element.
Replace chassis mounted fuel filter element.
Lubricate front drive shaft fitting (4x4).
Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
Inspect the front suspension, tie rod ends and boot seals for cracks or leaks and all parts for damage, wear, improper looseness
or end play; replace if necessary.
❏ Inspect the front and rear axle surfaces. If gear oil leakage is suspected, check the fluid level. If using your vehicle for police,
taxi, fleet, off-road or frequent trailer towing change the axle fluid.
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles (24 000 km) or six months or 500 Hours, whichever
comes first.
Odometer Reading
Repair Order #
Signature, Authorized Service Center
Date
Dealer Code
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 303
82,500 Miles (132,000 km) or 66 Months Maintenance Service
Schedule
❏
❏
❏
❏
Check the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) tank, refill if necessary.
Rotate tires.
Lubricate front drive shaft fitting (4x4).
Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles (24
000 km) or six months or 500 Hours, whichever comes first.
7
Odometer Reading
Repair Order #
Signature, Authorized Service Center
Date
Dealer Code
304 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
90,000 Miles (144,000 km) or 72 Months Maintenance Service Schedule
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
Check the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) tank, refill if necessary.
Rotate tires.
Inspect drive belt, replace as required.
Replace engine fuel filter element.
Replace chassis mounted fuel filter element.
Lubricate front drive shaft fitting (4x4).
Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
Inspect the wheel bearings.
Inspect the front suspension, tie rod ends and boot seals for cracks or leaks and all parts for damage, wear, improper looseness
or end play; replace if necessary.
Inspect brake linings.
Inspect and adjust parking brake if necessary.
Inspect the front and rear axle surfaces. If gear oil leakage is suspected, check the fluid level. If using your vehicle for police,
taxi, fleet, off-road or frequent trailer towing change the axle fluid.
Check the transfer case fluid (4x4).
Change automatic transmission fluid (AS69RC transmission only).
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles (24 000 km) or six months or 500 Hours, whichever comes first.
Odometer Reading
Repair Order #
Signature, Authorized Service Center
Date
Dealer Code
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 305
97,500 Miles (157,000 km) or 78 Months Maintenance Service
Schedule
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
Check the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) tank, refill if necessary.
Rotate tires.
Lubricate front drive shaft fitting (4x4).
Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
Flush and replace power steering fluid.
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles (24
000 km) or six months or 500 Hours, whichever comes first.
7
Odometer Reading
Repair Order #
Signature, Authorized Service Center
Date
Dealer Code
306 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
105,000 Miles (168,000 km) or 84 Months Maintenance Service Schedule
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
Check the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) tank, refill if necessary.
Rotate tires.
Replace engine fuel filter element.
Replace chassis mounted fuel filter element.
Lubricate front drive shaft fitting (4x4).
Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
Inspect the front suspension, tie rod ends and boot seals for cracks or leaks and all parts for damage, wear, improper looseness
or end play; replace if necessary.
❏ Inspect the front and rear axle surfaces. If gear oil leakage is suspected, check the fluid level. If using your vehicle for police,
taxi, fleet, off-road or frequent trailer towing change the axle fluid.
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles (24 000 km) or six months or 500 Hours, whichever
comes first.
Odometer Reading
Repair Order #
Signature, Authorized Service Center
Date
Dealer Code
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 307
112,500 Miles (180,000 km) or 90 Months Maintenance Service
Schedule
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
Check the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) tank, refill if necessary.
Rotate tires.
Inspect drive belt, replace as required.
Lubricate front drive shaft fitting (4x4).
Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
Inspect brake linings.
Inspect and adjust parking brake if necessary.
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles (24
000 km) or six months or 500 Hours, whichever comes first.
7
Odometer Reading
Repair Order #
Signature, Authorized Service Center
Date
Dealer Code
308 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
120,000 Miles (192,000 km) or 96 Months Maintenance Service Schedule
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
Check the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) tank, refill if necessary.
Rotate tires.
Replace engine fuel filter element.
Replace chassis mounted fuel filter element.
Lubricate front drive shaft fitting (4x4).
Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
Inspect the wheel bearings.
Inspect the front suspension, tie rod ends and boot seals for cracks or leaks and all parts for damage, wear, improper looseness
or end play; replace if necessary.
Inspect the front and rear axle surfaces. If gear oil leakage is suspected, check the fluid level. If using your vehicle for police,
taxi, fleet, off-road or frequent trailer towing change the axle fluid.
Change the automatic transmission fluid and filter(s).
Change the manual transmission fluid if using your vehicle for any of the following: police, fleet, or frequent trailer towing.
Change the transfer case fluid (4x4).
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles (24 000 km) or six months or 500 Hours, whichever
comes first.
Odometer Reading
Repair Order #
Signature, Authorized Service Center
Date
Dealer Code
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 309
127,500 Miles (204,000 km) or 102 Months Maintenance Service
Schedule
❏
❏
❏
❏
Check the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) tank, refill if necessary.
Rotate tires.
Lubricate front drive shaft fitting (4x4).
Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles (24
000 km) or six months or 500 Hours, whichever comes first.
7
Odometer Reading
Repair Order #
Signature, Authorized Service Center
Date
Dealer Code
310 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
135,000 Miles (216,000 km) or 108 Months Maintenance Service Schedule
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
Check the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) tank, refill if necessary.
Rotate tires.
Inspect drive belt, replace as required.
Replace engine fuel filter element.
Replace chassis mounted fuel filter element.
Lubricate front drive shaft fitting (4x4).
Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
Inspect the front suspension, tie rod ends and boot seals for cracks or leaks and all parts for damage, wear, improper looseness
or end play; replace if necessary.
Inspect brake linings.
Inspect and adjust parking brake if necessary.
Inspect the front and rear axle surfaces. If gear oil leakage is suspected, check the fluid level. If using your vehicle for police,
taxi, fleet, off-road or frequent trailer towing change the axle fluid.
Replace Crankcase Ventilation Filter (CCV).
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles (24 000 km) or six months or 500 Hours, whichever
comes first.
Odometer Reading
Repair Order #
Signature, Authorized Service Center
Date
Dealer Code
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 311
142,500 Miles (228,000 km) or 114 Months Maintenance Service
Schedule
❏
❏
❏
❏
Check the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) tank, refill if necessary.
Rotate tires.
Lubricate front drive shaft fitting (4x4).
Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles (24
000 km) or six months or 500 Hours, whichever comes first.
7
Odometer Reading
Repair Order #
Signature, Authorized Service Center
Date
Dealer Code
312 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
150,000 Miles (240,000 km) or 120 Months Maintenance Service Schedule
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
Check the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) tank, refill if necessary.
Rotate tires.
Replace engine fuel filter element.
Replace chassis mounted fuel filter element.
Adjust valve lash clearance.
Lubricate front drive shaft fitting (4x4).
Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
Inspect the wheel bearings.
Inspect the front suspension, tie rod ends and boot seals for cracks or leaks and all parts for damage, wear, improper looseness
or end play; replace if necessary.
Flush and replace engine coolant.
Inspect the front and rear axle surfaces. If gear oil leakage is suspected, check the fluid level. If using your vehicle for police,
taxi, fleet, off-road or frequent trailer towing change the axle fluid.
Check the transfer case fluid (4x4).
Change automatic transmission fluid (AS69RC transmission only).
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles (24 000 km) or six months or 500 Hours, whichever
comes first.
Odometer Reading
Repair Order #
Signature, Authorized Service Center
Date
Dealer Code
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 313
Inspection and service should also be performed anytime
a malfunction is observed or suspected. Retain all receipts.
* This maintenance is not required if belt was previously
replaced.
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals
exceed 15,000 miles (24 000 km) or six months or 500
Hours, whichever comes first.
CAUTION!
***The manufacturer highly recommends that all
cooling system service, maintenance, and repairs be
performed by your local authorized dealer.
WARNING!
• You can be badly injured working on or around a
motor vehicle. Do only service work for which you
have the knowledge and the right equipment. If
you have any doubt about your ability to perform a
service job, take your vehicle to a competent mechanic.
• Failure to properly inspect and maintain your vehicle could result in a component malfunction and
effect vehicle handling and performance. This
could cause an accident.
7
INDEX
316 INDEX - RAM 1500
Adding Engine Coolant (Antifreeze) . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Adding Fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71
Airbag Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Air Cleaner, Engine (Engine Air Cleaner Filter) . . . . .84
Alarm Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Antifreeze (Engine Coolant). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95
Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
Disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Anti-Lock Warning Light. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Automatic Transmission
Fluid Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107
Axle Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
Brake Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107
Brake System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
Fluid Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
Master Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Capacities, Antifreeze (Engine Coolant) . . . . . . . . . .103
Capacities, Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
Caps, Filler
Oil (Engine) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83
Radiator (Coolant Pressure) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98
Charge Air Cooler. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100
Check Engine Light (Malfunction Indicator Light) . . .17
Coolant Pressure Cap (Radiator Cap) . . . . . . . . . . . .98
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94
Adding Coolant (Antifreeze) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Coolant Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
Coolant Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94
Disposal of Used Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Drain, Flush, and Refill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95
Points to Remember . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98
Radiator Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98
INDEX - RAM 1500 317
Selection of Coolant (Antifreeze) . . . . . . . . .95 , 104
Diesel Fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diesel Fuel Requirements . . . . . . . .
Bulk Storage of . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diesel Fuel System, Re-Priming . . . .
Disposal
Antifreeze (Engine Coolant) . . . .
Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter
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Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82 , 104
Oil Filler Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83
.46
.46 Filters
Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84
.74
Engine Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
.89
Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84 , 104
Engine Oil Disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84
. . . . . . . . . . . .99
. . . . . . . . . . . .86 Flashers
Turn Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC) . . . . . .26 Fluid, Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107
Engine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .80 Fluid Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84 Fluid Level Checks
Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
Block Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40 , 46
Break-In Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Fluids, Lubricants and Genuine Parts . . . . . . . . . . .104
Compartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .80 Fog Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Coolant (Antifreeze) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .104 Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71
Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .80
Diesel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 , 104
Idling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
318 INDEX - RAM 1500
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86 Integrated Trailer Brake Controls . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 Intervention Regeneration Strategy . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103 Keyless Enter-N-Go . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71
Lights
Airbag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gauges
Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Speedometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Anti-Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Brake Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Voltmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Check Engine (Malfunction Indicator)
Fog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gross Axle Weight Rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
High Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
High Beam Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . .
Instrument Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hitches
Seat Belt Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
Security Alarm (Theft Alarm) . . . . . .
Theft Alarm (Security Alarm) . . . . . .
Information Center, Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Tire Pressure Monitoring (TPMS) . . .
Instrument Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14, 15, 16
Filter . . . . . .
Requirements
Specifications
Tank Capacity
Fueling . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .61
. . . . . . . . .91
. . . . . . . . .38
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.21
.22
.16
.19
.17
.24
.21
.21
.16
.21
.22
.22
.22
INDEX - RAM 1500 319
Warning (Instrument Cluster Description) . . . . . .16 Radiator Cap (Coolant Pressure Cap). . . . . . . . . .95, 98
Remote Starting System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Maintenance Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110 Schedule, Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110
Seat Belts
New Vehicle Break-In Period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Selection of Coolant (Antifreeze). . . . . . . . . . . . . . .104
Oil, Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82, 104 Signals, Turn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103 Speedometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Change Interval . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83 Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Dipstick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82
Disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84
Engine Block Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40 , 46
Remote . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84 , 104
Filter Disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84 Starting Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Materials Added to . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84 Starting Procedures (Diesel Engines). . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Recommendation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82
Viscosity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83 Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Overheating, Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 Tip Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
320 INDEX - RAM 1500
Tires
Pressure Warning Light . . .
Tongue Weight/Trailer Weight .
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cooling System Tips . . . . .
Hitches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Minimum Requirements . . .
Trailer and Tongue Weight .
Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trailer Towing Guide . . . . . . .
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.22
.56
.51
.56
.56
.51
.69
.54
.58
.56
.66
.56
Trailer Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
Transfer Case
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107
Transmission
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107
Turn Signals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Viscosity, Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83
Voltmeter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Warning Lights (Instrument Cluster Description) . . . .16
Water Separator, Diesel Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
INDEX - RAM 2500 / 3500 / 4500 / 5500 321
Adding Engine Coolant (Antifreeze) . . . . . . . . . . . .268
Adding Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .206, 209
Airbag Light. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .138
Air Cleaner, Engine (Engine Air Cleaner
Filter). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .253, 279
Air Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .253
Alarm Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .139
Antifreeze (Engine Coolant) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .267
Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .283
Disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .270
Anti-Lock Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133
Automatic Transmission
Adding Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .276
Fluid Level Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .275
Fluid Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .286
Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Axle Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .286
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .265
Blanket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .170 , 265
Emergency Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .238
Brake System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .272
Fluid Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .272
Master Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .272
Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .136
Brake/Transmission Interlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Capacities, Antifreeze (Engine Coolant) . . .
Capacities, Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Caps, Filler
Oil (Engine) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Radiator (Coolant Pressure) . . . . . . . .
Charge Air Cooler. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Check Engine Light (Malfunction Indicator
Coolant Pressure Cap (Radiator Cap) . . . .
Cooling System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding Coolant (Antifreeze) . . . . . . . .
Coolant Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . .283
. . . . . . .283
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.251
.269
.271
.133
.269
.266
.268
.283
322 INDEX - RAM 2500 / 3500 / 4500 / 5500
. . . . . . . . . . . .266 Emergency, In Case of
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .238
. . . . . . . . . . . .270
. . . . . . . . . . . .267 Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .245, 246, 247
Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .253
. . . . . . . . . . . .270
Block Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .161 , 176
. . . . . . . . . . . .269
Break-In Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130
. . . . . . . . . . . .269
Compartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .245 , 246 , 247
. . . . . . . .267 , 284
Coolant (Antifreeze) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .284
Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .245 , 246 , 247
Diesel Exhaust Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177
Idling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .171
Diesel Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .202
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .238
Diesel Fuel Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .202
Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .249 , 284
Bulk Storage of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .210
Oil Filler Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .251
Diesel Fuel System, Re-Priming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .260
Disposal
Oil Synthetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .252
Runaway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .201
Antifreeze (Engine Coolant) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .270
Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter . . . . . . . . . . .255 Exhaust Brake. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177
Exhaust System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .279
Electronic Range Select (ERS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .190
Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC) . . . . . .143
Coolant Level . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disposal of Used Coolant . . . . .
Drain, Flush, and Refill . . . . . .
Points to Remember . . . . . . . . .
Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Radiator Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selection of Coolant (Antifreeze)
INDEX - RAM 2500 / 3500 / 4500 / 5500 323
Tank Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .283
Filters
Engine Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .255 Fueling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .206
Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .252 , 284
Engine Oil Disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .253 Gauges
Speedometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .138
Flashers
Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133
Turn Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .134
Voltmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .168
Fluid Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .283
Gear Ranges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .183, 195
Fluid Level Checks
Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .272 Gross Axle Weight Rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .216
Manual Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .274 Gross Vehicle Weight Rating. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .215
Transfer Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .273
Fluids, Lubricants and Genuine Parts . . . . . . . . . . .284 Hitches
Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .219
Fog Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .202, 209
Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .206 , 209 Idle Up Feature. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .172
Diesel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .202 , 209 , 284 Information Center, Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .143
Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .255 Instrument Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .132, 133
Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .202 Integrated Trailer Brake Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . .227
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .203
324 INDEX - RAM 2500 / 3500 / 4500 / 5500
Intervention Regeneration Strategy . . . . . . . . . . . . .262
Tire Pressure Monitoring (TPMS) . . . . . . . . . . . .139
Warning (Instrument Cluster Description) . . . . .133
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .238
Maintenance Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .248
Keyless Enter-N-Go. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157 Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .290
Manual Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Fluid Level Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .274
Lights
Shift Speeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195
Airbag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .138
Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .139
Anti-Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133 New Vehicle Break-In Period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130
Brake Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .136 Noise Control
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .278
Check Engine (Malfunction Indicator) . . . . . . . .133
Tampering Prohibited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .279
Fog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141
High Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137 Noise Emission Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .277, 280
High Beam Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Instrument Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133 Oil Change Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .290
Seat Belt Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137 Oil, Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .249, 284
Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .283
Security Alarm (Theft Alarm) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .139
Change Interval . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .250
Theft Alarm (Security Alarm) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .139
INDEX - RAM 2500 / 3500 / 4500 / 5500 325
Dipstick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .249
Disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .253
Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .252 , 284
Filter Disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .253
Identification Logo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .250
Materials Added to . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .252
Recommendation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .250
Synthetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .252
Viscosity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .251
Overdrive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .191
Overdrive OFF Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .191
Overheating, Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .135
Perform Service Indicator, Reset .
Power
Take-Off Adapter . . . . . . . . .
Take-Off Operation . . . . . . .
PTO (Power Take-Off) . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .292
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .198
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .198
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .198
Radiator Cap (Coolant Pressure Cap) . . . . . . . .267, 269
Remote Starting System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126
Resetting Perform Service Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . .292
Seat Belts
Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Selection of Coolant (Antifreeze). . . . . . . . . . . . . . .284
Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .179
Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Manual Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Signals, Turn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .134
Speedometer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .138
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .156
Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157
Engine Block Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .161 , 176
Manual Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157
Remote . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126
Starting Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .156
Starting Procedures (Diesel Engines) . . . . . . . . . . . .156
326 INDEX - RAM 2500 / 3500 / 4500 / 5500
Synthetic Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .252
Tachometer. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tip Start. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tires
Pressure Warning Light . .
Tongue Weight/Trailer Weight
Torque Converter Clutch . . . .
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Traction Control . . . . . . . . . .
Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . .
Cooling System Tips . . . .
Hitches . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Minimum Requirements . .
Trailer and Tongue Weight
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157
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.139
.222
.193
.215
.219
.219
.273
.215
.234
.219
.223
.222
Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .232
Trailer Towing Guide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .219
Trailer Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .219
Transfer Case
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .286
Transmission
Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .286
Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157 , 194
Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .179
Turn Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .134
Viscosity, Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .251
Voltmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .168
Warning Lights (Instrument Cluster Description) . . .133
Water Separator, Diesel Fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .255
INSTALLATION OF RADIO TRANSMITTING EQUIPMENT
Special design considerations are incorporated into this
vehicle’s electronic system to provide immunity to radio
frequency signals. Mobile two-way radios and telephone
equipment must be installed properly by trained personnel.
The following must be observed during installation.
The positive power connection should be made directly to
the battery and fused as close to the battery as possible.
The negative power connection should be made to body
sheet metal adjacent to the negative battery connection.
This connection should not be fused.
Antennas for two-way radios should be mounted on the roof
or the rear area of the vehicle. Care should be used in
mounting antennas with magnet bases. Magnets may affect
the accuracy or operation of the compass on vehicles so
equipped.
The antenna cable should be as short as practical and
routed away from the vehicle wiring when possible. Use
only fully shielded coaxial cable.
Carefully match the antenna and cable to the radio to
ensure a low Standing Wave Ratio (SWR).
Mobile radio equipment with output power greater than
normal may require special precautions.
All installations should be checked for possible interference between the communications equipment and the
vehicle’s electronic systems.
Chrysler Group LLC
14D241-226-AA
First Edition
Printed in U.S.A.