Buick 1995 Century Owner`s manual

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The 1995 Buick Century Owner’s Manual
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HowtoUsethisManual
viii
This section tells you how to use your manual and includes safety and vehicle damage warnings and symbols.
Seats and Restraint Systems
1-1
This section tells you how to use your seats and safety belts properly.
It also explains the “SRS” system.
Featuresandcontrols
2-1
This section explains how to start and operate your Buick.
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
3-1
This section tells you howto adjust the ventilation and comfort controls and how to operate your
sound system.
YourDrivingandtheRoad
4-1
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the road and how to drive under different conditions.
ProblemsontheRoad
5-1
This section tells you what todo if you have a problem while driving, such asa flat tire or engine
overheating, etc.
Service and AppearanceCare
6-1
Here the manual tells you how to keep your Buick running properly and looking good.
Maintenanceschedule
7-1
This section tells you whento perform vehicle maintenance and what fluids and lubricants to use.
Customer Assistance Information
8-1
This section tells you howto contact Buick for assistance and how to get service publications. Italso
gives you information on “Reporting Safety Defects” on page8-4.
Index
9-1
Here’s an alphabetical listingof almost every subject in this manual.You can use it to quickly find
something you want to read.
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i
We support voluntary
technician certification.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM and the GM Emblem,
BUICK, and the BUICK Emblem are registered
trademarks of General Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve theright to make changes in the
product after that time without further notice. For
vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute the name
“General Motors of Canada Limited” for Buick Motor
Division whenever it appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your Buick, so it will be there
if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you sell
the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so the new
owner can use it.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 25620610 A Second Printing
ii
WE SUPPORT
VOLUNTARY TECHNlCiAN
CERTIFICATIONTHROUGH
1
Narlonal Insill~1:sfor
AUTOMOTIVE
SERVICE
EXCELLENCE
-.
j
For Canadian OwnersWho Prefer a
French Language Manual:
Aux proprietaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vous procurer
un exemplaire de ce guide en francais chez votre
concessionaire ou au DGN Marketing Services Ltd.,
I500 Bonhill Rd., Mississauga, OntarioL5T 1C7.
0Copyright General Motors Corporation 1994
All Rights Reserved
iii
“valve-in-head” engine, a light, powerful and reliable
engine which would eventually influence the entire
automotive industry.
William C. Durant was instrumental in promoting
Buicks across the country using his Durant-Dort
Carriage Co. outlets and salespeople asthe nucleus of a
giant distribution system. He knew the Buick as a
“self-seller”. If automobiles could bethis good, he
thought, maybe it was time to switch from the horse and
buggy business to automobiles.
At the 1905, New York
Auto Show, Durant took
orders for 1,000 Buicks
before the company had
built 40. On Buick’s
success, Durant created a
holding company,
September 16, 1908. He
called it General Motors.
Walter Marr and Thomas Buick
Buick’s chief engineer, Walter L. Marr (left), and
Thomas D. Buick, son of founder David Dunbar Buick,
drove the first Flint Buick in a successful Flint-Detroit
round trip in July 1904.
David Buick was building gasoline engines by 1899,
and Marr, his engineer, apparently built the first autoto
be called a Buick in 1900. However, Buick traditionally
dates itsbeginnings to 1903. That was the year the
company was reorganized, refinanced and moved from
Detroit to Flint. Buick has always been a product
innovator. Buick engineers developed the
iv
William C. (Billy)Durant
Durant also created racing
a
team that won 500 racing
trophies in 1909 and 1910, including successes at
Indianapolis two years before the
Indy 500 began.
:
The successof Buick engineswas visible not only on
in endurance tests across the
country
the race track, but
and around theworld. Buick was the only car to
complete a 1,000-mile Chicago-to-New York race in
1906. And a Buickwas the first carto travel across
South America, driven from Buenos Aires,
Argentina,
over the Andes to Santiago, Chile 1914.
in
Buick drew plenty of attention because itcould climb
hills and run through mud like no other car. Buick’s
endurance and reliability were world famous.
During World War I, Buick builtLiberty aircraft engines
as well as Red Cross ambulances so successful that one
Buick ambulance was awarded the Croix de Guerre
by
the French government.
As a builderof premier automobiles, Buick was hard hit
by the Great Depression.However, new General
Manager, Harlow H. Curtice createdpopular new
models including the Specialand the Roadmaster. Buick
sales soon flourished.
1911 Model 21 Touring Car on BuickS Test Hill
First Buick Factory
V
In World War 11, Buick built aircraft engines, tanks and
other military hardware. This post-war period brought
great styling and engineering changes which resulted
in increased sales. The torque converter
automatic
transmission, Dynaflow, was introduced in the 1948
Roadmaster. Buick’s famous “portholes” came along
in 1949.
A high-compression V-8 engine was introduced in 1953,
And Buick’s famous vertical pillar “toothy” grille,
(introduced in 1942), became more massive in the
post-war era.
I953 Shylurk
1949 Roadmaster
vi
Motor Trend magazine named the 1962 Buick Special,
“Car of the Year”. The first production V-6 engine was
used in the Special.
1962 Buick Special
Ed Mertz, General Manager, Buick Motor Division
Built inside the walls of the old buildings in Buick’s
former Flint complex, which formed the cornerstone
of General Motors Buick City, is a state-of-the-art
assembly facility with more than 200 robots and other
high-tech equipment. It was completed in the fall
of 1985.
Our mission is simple:
Buicks are, and will continue to be, premium American
motorcars with smooth power, high performance, rich
detail and comfortable accommodation.
“Buick will provide Premium American Motorcars
backed with services that exceed our customers’
expectations, throughoutthe purchase, ownership,
service and repurchase experience.”
Buicks are SUBSTANTIAL.
Buicks are DISTINCTIVE.
Buicks are POWERFUL.
Buicks are MATURE.
vii
How to Use This Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receivetheir new vehicle. This
will help you learn aboutthe features and controls for
your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find that pictures
and words work together to explainthings quickly.
Index
the back of the manual. It’s an alphabetical list of all
that’s in the manual, and the page number where you’ll
find it.
In the gray caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid orreduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions.If you don’t, you or
others couldbe hurt.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will also find a circle with a slash through it in this
book.
A good place to look forwhat you need is theIndex in
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box with gray background and the word
CAUTION to tell you about thingsthat could hurt you if
you were to ignorethe warning.
viii
1
1 This safetv svmbol means
d
d
“Don’t,’’ “Don’t do this,” or
“Don’t let this happen.”
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
NOTICE:
These mean thereis something that
could damage your vehicle.
In the notice area, we tell you about something that can
damage your vehicle. Many times, thisdamage would
not be covered by your warranty, and it could becostly.
But the noticewill tell you what to do to help avoid the
damage.
When you read other manuals,you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different colors or
in differentwords.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use
yellow for cautions, blue for notices
and the words
CAUTION or NOTICE.
ix
~
Vehicle Symbols
These are some of the symbols you may find on your vehicle.
For example,
these symbols
are used on an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
A
These symbols
are important
for you and
your passengers
whenever your
vehicle is
driven:
DOOR LOCK
UNLOCK
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
FASTEN
CAUSTIC
BAHERY
ACID COULD
CAUSE
BURNS
&
These symbols
have to do with
your lights:
WINDSHIELD
WIPER
TURN
SIGNALS
e9
BELTS
HAZARD
WARNING
FLASHER
A
X
WINDOW
DEFOGGER
VENTILATING
FAN
,111,
FOG LAMPS
$0
ENGINE
COOLANT
TEMP
BAllERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
BRAKE
WINDSHIELD
DEFROSTER
SEAT
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BAHERY
These symbols
are on some of
your controls:
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
RADIATOR
COOLANT
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
-FI-1
RADIO
VOLUME
(0)
a
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE W
ANTI-LOCK
BRAKE
AIR
CONDITIONING
TRUNK
RELEASE
FUEL
TEMP
FUSE
b
477
OIL
(@)
LIGHTER
HORN
SPEAKER
6
t
n
)tr
b
Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Seats and Seat Controls
This section tells you about the seats -- how t o adjust
them, and also about folding seats, reclining front
seatbacks. and head restraints.
Move the lever under the
front seat to the left to
unlock it. Slide the seat to
where you want it then
release the lever to lock. Try
to move the seat with your
body, to make sure the seat
is locked into place.
Manual Seat
1-1
Power Seat (Option)
Center Control (C): Move the seat forward or back by
holding the control to the right or left. Raise or lower the
seat by holding the control up or down.
Rear Control(R):Raise the rearof the seat by holding the
switch up. Hold the switch downto lower the rear
of the seat.
Reclining Front Seatbacks
The switch is located on the
front of the seat. To recline
the seatback hold the switch
up. Hold the switch down to
raise the seatback.
The power seat controls are located on the front of the
seat. To adjust the power seat:
Front Control (F):Raise the front of the seat by
holding the switch up. Hold the switch down to lower
the front of the seat.
1-2
But don’t have
a seatback reclinedif your vehicleis moving.
Head Restraints
Head restraints are fixed on some models and adjustable
on others. Slidean adjustable head restraint up or downso
that the top
of the restraint is closest to the
of your
topears.
of a neck injury in a crash.
This position reduces the chance
Folding Rear Seats (Wagon)
To add more cargo room, the seatbackof your rear
second and optional rear-facing thirdseats can be easily
folded down. Be sure to check your seatback latches now
1-3
and then by pushing the seatback back and forth. If they
do not latch properly, have themchecked by your dealer.
Remember to keep safety belts clear of seat hinges and
latches so they are not damaged when you raise and
lower the seatbacks.
Folding Second Seat
To raise the split second seatback:
Lift the seatback until it locks in the upright position.
Push back and forth on the seatback to be sure it is
locked in place.
Folding Third Seat (Option)
To lower the rear-facing third seatback:
To lower the split second seatback:
Each seat has its own release button. Hold the release
button down and pull the seatback forward and down.
1-4
1. Open the liftgate and lift the seat release lever
located at the lower corner of the storage
compartment on the passenger side.
"I
2. Pull the seatback toward the rear of the vehicle, then
push it down to the locked position.
3. Lower the storage compartment lid.
1-5
To raise the rear-facing third seatback:
If your vehicle is equipped with a roll-up cargo cover, it
must be removed before raising the seatback.
1. Open the liftgate and lift the storage compartment
lid.
2. Fold it forward against the seatback.
1-6
3. Press down on the seat release levers (one on each
side of the seat), and allow the seatback to pop up.
4. Push the seatback all the way up until it locks in the
upright position. Push back and forth on the seatback
to be sure it is locked in place.
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not do
with safety belts.
fl
Your car has a light
v
that comes on as a
reminder to buckle up.
(See “Safety Belt
Warning Light” in the
Index.)
And it explains the Supplemental Restraint System, or
“air bag” system.
1-7
In many states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt or
killed.
After more than 25 years of safety belts in vehicles, the
facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter ... a lot!
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as it
goes.
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat on
wheels.
Put someone on it.
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn't stop.
1-9
I
I
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
1-10
or the instrument panel ...
.
. -.
.
.
.
Here Are Questions Many PeopleAsk
About Safety Belts-- and the Answers
b;Q
”
,I_
A:
:
.,
Wgn’t
. .,
I hqtrapped
, ,,,, .
:,
in the vehicle after an
accident ifITm’wearinga safety belt?
,
I,
-,. ,
i
’
)
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down.And your chanceof
being conscious during and after a~ accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, ismuch greater if
you are belted.
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicledoes.
You get more time to stop.You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
@
Why don’t they just put in air bagsso people
won’t have to wear safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in
more of them in the future. Butthey are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts -- not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for salehas required theuse of
safety belts. Evenif you’re in a vehiclethat has air
bags, you still have to buckleup to getthe most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especiallyin side and other collisions.
1-11
e.”
If I’m a good driver, andI never drivefar from
home, why shouldI wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault -- you and
your passengers can be hurt. Being a good driver
doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) of
home. Andthe greatest number of serious injuries and
deaths occur at speeds of less than40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This part is only for peopleof adult size.
1-12
Be aware that there are special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different rules for
smaller children and babies. If a child will be riding in
your Buick, see the part of this manual called “Children.”
Follow those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Was your.Buick first sold, when new, in Canada? (If it
was, a sticker on the driver’s door will say “conforms to
all applicable Canada motor vehicle . . . etc.) If so,
then this “Driver Position” part doesn’t apply to your
vehicle. To learn how to use your driver position safety
belts, read the Canadian OnlnerS Manual Safety Belt
Supplement. It comes with every new Buick first sold in
Canada.
”
Automatic Lap-Shoulder Belt
And you don’t have tounbuckle when you get out.
This safety belt is called “automatic” because you don’t
have to buckle up when you get into your vehicle.
Just get into your vehicle. Then close and lock the door.
Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats” in the Index) so
you can sit up straight.
1-13
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash.
It’s possible that an automatic belt could keep you from
fully opening a door. That can happen if the door was
slammed shut very hard. Just close the door ail the way,
then slowly open it. If that doesn’t fix it, then your
Buick needs service.
We hope you’ll always keep your automatic belt
buckled. However, you may need to unbuckle it in an
emergency. And you would need to unbuckle it to let
someone get into the center front seat position, if your
vehicle has one. To unbuckle the automatic belt, just
push the button on the buckle.
The lap belt should be worn as low on the hips as
possible. In a crash, this applies forceto the strong
pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely to slide under the
lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would apply force
at your abdomen. This could cause seriousor even fatal
injuries. The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder
and across the chest. These parts of the body are best
able to take belt restraining forces.
1-14
To reattach the automatic belt:
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat (to seehow, see “Seats” in the Index)
so you can sit up straight.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
4. Push the”1atchplate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
1-15
What’s wrong with this?
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-16
What’s wrong with this?
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-17
@
What's wrong with this?
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder atall times.
1-18
Qt
What’s wrong with this?
At
The belt is twisted across the body.
-
1-19
Supplemental Restraint System(SRS)
This part explains the Supplemental Restraint System
(SRS), or airbag.
Your Buick has an air bag for the driver.
Here are the most important things to know about the air
bag system:
I
AIR
BAG
There is an air bag
readiness light on the
instrument panel,
which shows
AIRBAG.
The system checks the air bag’s electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See “Air Bag Readiness Light” in the Index
for more information.
1-20
- ~ --
-.
How the Air Bag System Works
When should an air bag inflate?
Where is the air bag?
The driver’s air bag is in the middle of the steering
wheel.
The air bag is designed to inflate in moderate to severe
frontal or near-frontal crashes. The airbag will inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s designed
“threshold level.” If your vehicle goes straight into a
wall that doesn’t move or deform, the threshold level is
about 9 to 15 mph (14 to 24 km/h). The threshold level
can vary, however, with specific vehicle design, so that
it can be somewhat above or below this range. If your
vehicle strikes something that will move or deform, such
as a parked car, the threshold level will be higher. The
air bag is not designed to inflatein rollovers, side
impacts, or rear impacts, because inflation would not
help theoccupant.
1-21
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were.
Inflation is determined by the angle of the impact and
the vehicle’s deceleration. Vehicle damage is only one
indication of this.
What makes an air bag inflate?
In a frontal or near-frontal impact of sufficient severity,
the air bag sensing system detects that the vehicle is
suddenly stopping as a result of a crash.The sensing
system triggers a chemical reaction of the sodium azide
sealed in the inflator. The reaction produces nitrogen
gas, which inflates the air bag. The inflator, air bag, and
related hardware are all part of the air bag module
packed inside the steeringwheel.
How does an airbag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel.
The air bag supplements the protection provided by
safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of the impact
more evenly over the occupant’s upper body, stopping
the occupant more gradually. But air bags would not
help you in many types of collisions, including rollovers
and rear and side impacts, primarily because an
occupant’s motion is not toward the air bag. Air bags
should never be regarded as anything more than a
1-22
supplement to safety belts, and then only in moderate to
severe frontal or near-frontal collisions.
What will you see after an air bag inflates?
After the air bag inflates, it quickly deflates. This occurs
so quickly that some people may not even realize the air
bag inflated. Some components of the air bag module in
the steering wheel hub will be hot for a short time, but
the part of the bag that comes into contact with you will
not be hot to the touch. There will be some smoke and
dust coming from vents in the deflated air bag. Air bag
inflation will not prevent the driver from seeing or from
being able to steer the vehicle, nor will it stop people
from leaving the vehicle.
0
The air bag is designed to inflate only once. After it
inflates, you’ll need some new parts for your air bag
system. If you don’t get them, the air bag system
won’t be there to help protect you in another crash.
A new system will include the air bag module and
possibly other parts. The service manual for your
vehicle coversthe need to replace other parts.
0
Your vehicle is equipped with a diagnostic module,
which records information about the air bag system.
The module records information aboutthe readiness
of the system, when the sensors are activated and
driver’s safety belt usage at deployment.
0
Let only qualified technicianswork on your air bag
system. Improper service can mean that your air bag
system won’t work properly. See your dealer for
service.
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick
The air bag affects how your Buick should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag system in several places
around your vehicle. You don’t want the system to
inflate while someone is working on your vehicle. Your
Buick dealer and the 1995 Century Service Manual have
information about servicingyour vehicle and the air bag
system. To purchase a service manual, see “Service
Publications” in the Index. The air bag system does not
need regular maintenance.
NOTICE:
If you damage the cover for the driver’s air bag,
it may not work properly.You may have to
replace the air bag module.
Do not open or break
the air bag cover.
1-23
Safety BeltUse During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible
throughout the pregnancy.
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
Was your Buick first sold when new in Canada? (If it
was, a sticker on the driver’s door will say “conforms to
all applicable Canada motor vehicle . . etc.) If so, then
to use your right front passenger position safety belts
read the Canadian Owner’s Manual Safety Belt
Supplement. It comes with every new Buick first sold in
Canada.
.77
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt. See “Driver Position,”
earlier in this section.
1-24
Adjust the seat (to see how, see ”Seats” i n the Index)
so you can sit up straight. Move your seat far enough
forward that your feet touch the part of the car that is
called the b’toeboard” ( A ) .That way you‘d be less
likely to slide under the lap belt i n a crash.
Center Passenger Position andAny
Station Wagon ThirdSeat Passenger
Position
U
1.-25
Lap Belt
If your vehicle has a front split seat and a rear bench
seat, someone can sit in the center positions.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn't longenough,
see "Safety Belt Extender" at the end of this section.
When you sit in a center seating position or in a station
wagon third seat, you have a lap safety belt, which has
no retractor. To make the belt longer, tilt the latch plate
and pull it along the belt.
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown until
the belt is snug.
1-26
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
Rear Seat Passengers
Lap-Shoulder Belt
It’s very important forrear seat passengers to buckleup!
Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear
seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are
wearing safety belts.
The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to wear one properly.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others
in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
n
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
1-27
If the beltstops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure itis secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section. Make sure the
release button on thebuckle is positioned so you
would be able tounbuckle the safety belt quickly if
you ever had to.
1-28
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
The safety belt locks if there's a sudden stop or a crash.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs.In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you'd be less
likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the
belt would apply force atyour abdomen. This could
cause serious oreven fatal injuries. The shoulderbelt
should go over the shoulder and across the chest. These
parts of the body are best able to take belt restraining
forces.
1-29
1-30
1-31
Child Restraints
Top Strap
Be sure to follow the instructions forthe restraint. You
may find these instructions onthe restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. Theserestraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within
the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury.
The instructions that come with the infant or child
restraint will show you how to do that.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are saferif they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. We at
General Motors therefore recommend that you put your
child restraint in the rear seat unless the child is an
infant and you’re the only adult in the vehicle. In that
case, you might want to securethe restraint in the front
seat where you can keep an eye on the baby.
Wherever you install it, be sure to securethe child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in
the vehicle. Be sure toproperly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child is in it.
1-32
If your child restraint has a top strap, it should be
anchored.
If you need to have an anchor installed, you can ask
your Buick dealer to put it in for you. If you want to
install an anchor yourself, your dealer can tell you how
to do it.
If you want to use a child restraint with a top strap in the
second seat of a station wagon, have your dealer install a
combination anchor-tether belt to which the top strap
can be hooked.
Your vehicle has one of two lap-shoulder belt systems.
For cars first sold i n Canada, child restraints with a top
strap must be anchored according to Canadian Law.
Your de.aler can obtain the hardware kit and install it for
you, or you may install it yourself using the instructions
provided in the kit.
Use the te,ther hardware kit available from the dealer.
The hardware and installation instructions were
specifically designed for this vehicle.
Securing a Child Restraint ina Rear
Outside Seat Position
To tell which system you have. see whether this label is
on the lap shoulder belt. You may have to pull on the
shoulder part of the belt to see the label. The label tells
you that a locking clip must be used t o secure a child
restraint.
1 -33
If this label is o n the lap-shoulder belt, your vehicle has
Lap-Shoulder Belt System A. Read 1-35 through 1-37 to
see how to secure achild restraint properly. If the label
isn’t on the lap-shoulder belt, your vehicle has
Lap-Shoulder Belt System B. Read 1-37 and 1-38 to see
how to secure a child restraint properly.
Until you have this clip, secure achild restraint only in a
seat that has a separatelap belt (and a way to anchor a
top strap, if the child restraint has one). See the
following part about securing a child restraint in a center
position. Once you have the clip, followthese
instructions:
Lap-Shoulder Belt SystemA
1. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
You’ll need a safety locking clip to properly secure a
child restraint in this position. You can get a locking clip
where child restraints are sold, orfrom your Buick
dealer (GM Part Number 94844571). The locking clip
must be the same as the one shown here.
2. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how. Tilt the latch plate to adjust the
belt if needed.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able tounbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-34
5. Then thread both the lap and shoulder belt portions
through the locking clip.
A. Lap Belt Portion
B. Latch Plate
C. Buckle
D. Shoulder Belt
Portion
E. Locking Clip
1-35
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be. sure it. is secure.
To rernove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle's
safety belt and remove the lockirlgclip. Let the safety belt
go back all the way. The safety belt will move freely again
and be ready to work for an adult or larger
child passenger.
Lap-Shoulder Belt System
B
You'll be using the lap-shoulder belt.
See the earlier part about the top strap if the child
restraint has one.
1. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
2. Secure the child in the child restraint a s the
instructions s a y .
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle's safety belt through or around
1-36
the restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how. Tilt the latch plateto adjust the belt if needed.
If' the shoulder belt goes in .front of the child's face or
neck, put it. behind the child restraint.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
.,, ."
r
5 . To tighten the belt, pull the shoulder belt while you
push down 011 the child restraint.
Securing a Child Restraint in aCenter Seat
Position
You’ll be using the lap belt.
See the earlier part about the top strap if the child
restraint has one.
6. Push and pull the child restraintin different directions
to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint,just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt. It will be ready to work for an adult or larger
child passenger.
1-37
-
-
~
~- -
~
--
1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch
plate and pulling it along the belt.
for the child restraint.
3. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
4. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the
restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
5. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able tounbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
6. To tighten the belt, pull its free and while you push
down on the child restraint.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to besure it is secur&Tf the cliild.reWxtifkt:
isn’t secure, turn the latch plate over and buckle it
again. Then see if it issecure. If it isn’t, secure the
restraint in a different place in the vehicle and
contact the child restraint maker for theiradvice
about how to attach the child restraint properly.
’:
this “Securing a Child Restraintin the Right Front Seat
Pdsition’’ part*dwsn’-tapply to your vehicle. To learn how
to secure a child restraint in the rightfront seat, read the
Canadian Owner’s Manual Safety Belt Supplement. It
comes with every new Buick first sold in Canada.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let itgo back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and beready to work for anadult
or larger child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
Was your Buick first sold, when new, in Canada? (If it
was, a sticker on the driver’s door will say “conforms to
all applicable Canada motor vehicle . . . ” etc.) If so, then
To use a child restraint here, you will need a special
infantkhild seat attaching belt and the hardware that
goes with it. See the earlier part about the top strap if the
child restraint has one.
1-39
Your dealer can order the belt and attaching hardware
and install the hardware for you. It’s free. The special
belt is GM Part No. 12340286. Your dealer can find the
part number for the correct attachinghardware in the
accessory section of the GM Parts Catalog.
1 . Unbuckle the automatic lap-shoulder belt by pushing
the button on the buckle.
F-
Once the special hardware is installed, please follow the
instructions with it and these steps:
1-40
.
It will stay on the door, ready to be rebuckled for use
by adults or older children.
2. Snap one hook of the infantkhild seat attaching belt
near the floor atthe door side of the seat.
3. Put the belt’s special latch plate into the vehicle’s
safety belt buckle.
4. You can make the belt longer by tilting the buckle
and pulling it along the belt.
1-41
5. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
6. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
9. To make it tight, pull the belt while you push down
on the child restraint. If the belt won't stay tight,
switch it end for end.
1-42
10. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
2. Push the spring on the hook near the door and
remove the special belt.
To remove the infanuchild seat restraint:
3. Put the belt away in a safe place in your vehicle, so it
won’t fly around in a crash and injure someone.
1. Push the button on the safety belt buckle and remove the
special latch plate. Leave the latch plate on the special4. belt.
Remember to reattach the automatic belt again, once
the child restraint is removed. Be sure it isn’t
twisted.
1-43
Larger Children
Children who aren’t buckled up can be thrown out in
a crash.
Children who aren’t buckled up can strike other
people who are.
Children who have outgrown child restraints should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
If you have the choice, a child shou.Id sit next to a
window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and
get the additional restraint a shoulderbelt can provide.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat. But they need to use the
safety belts properly.
1-44
e.’
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child isso small that the shoulder belt
is
very close to the child’s face
or neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but
be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper body
would have the restraint that belts provide. If the
child is so small that the shoulder belt is still very
close to the child’s face or neck,you might want to
place the child in the center seat position, the one
that has only a lap belt.
1-45
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force io the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it. The front. seat lap-shoulder belts have plenty
of extra length builtin, so they will fit almost all people.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the
extender will be long enough for you. The extender will
be just for you, and just for the seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use it
only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear it, just attach it
to the regular safety belt.
Torn or frayed belts may not protect you in a crash.
They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt is torn
or frayed, get a new one right away.
Replacing Seat and Restraint System
Parts After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn
during a more severe crash, then you need new belts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have safety belt
or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs
may be necessary even if the belt wasn’t being used at
the time of the collision.
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure all your belts, buckles, latch
plates, retractors, anchorages and reminder warning
systems areworking properly. Look for any other loose
or damaged restraint system parts. If you see anything
that might keep a restraint system from doing its job,
have it repaired.
1-46
.
~~
Section 2 FeaturesandControls
Here you can learn about the many standard and
optional features on your Buick, and information on
starting, shifting and braking. Also explained are the
instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if
everything is working properly -- and what to do if you
have a problem.
Keys
2-1
When a new Century is delivered, the dealer removes
the plugs from the keys, and gives them to the first
owner.
Each plug has a code on it that tells your dealer or a
qualified locksmith how to make extra keys. Keep the
plugs in a safe place. If you lose your keys, you’ll be
able to have new ones made easily using these plugs.
I
I NOTICE:
The ignition keys are for theignition only.
The door keys are forthe
2-2
1
Your Buick hasa number of new features that
can help prevent theft. But you can have aof lot
trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever lock
your keys inside.You may even haveto damage
your vehicle to get in.So be sure you have extra
keys.
Door Locks
There are several ways to
lock and unlock your
vehicle:
From the outside: Use your
door key or Remote Keyless
Entry transmitter, if your
vehicle has this option.
From the inside: To lock the
door, slide the lock control
on the door rearward.
To unlock the door, slide the
lock control forward.
2-3
Power Door Locks
Automatic Door Locks
Press the power door lock
switch on either front door
to lock or unlock all the
doors at once.
Just closeyour doors and turn on the ignition. All of the
doors will automatically lock when you move your shift
lever out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). If someone
needs to get out while the vehicle is running, have that
person use the manual or power lock. When the door is
closed again, it will lock automatically if the transaxle is
in gear. All doors will automatically unlock when you
turn the ignition off.
If you don’t want the doors to automatically unlock
when the key is turned OFF, you can remove the
UNLOCK fuse located in the glove box. See “Fuses” in
the Index for more information.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, take your keys, open your
door and set the locks from inside. Then get out and
close the door.
2-4
Remote Keyless Entry System
(Option)
If your Buick has this option,you can lock and unlock
your doors or unlock your trunk from up to 30 feet (9 m)
away using the key chain transmitter suppliedwith your
vehicle.
I
-.
This devicecomplies with Part 15 of the FCCRules.
Operation issubject to the followingtwo conditions:
(1) This devicemay not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device must accept any interference received,
including interferencethat may cause undesired
operation.
Should interference to this system occur, try this:
0
Check to determineif battery replacement is
necessary. See the instructions onbattery
replacement.
Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. This producthas a maximum range.
0
Check the location. Other vehicles or objectsmay be
blocking the signal.
See your Buick dealer or a qualified technician for
service.
Your Remote Keyless Entry System operateson a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules.
Changes or modifications to thissystem by other than an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
2-5
Operation
The driver’s door will unlock and the interior lights will
go on when UNLOCK is pressed. If pressed again
within five seconds, all doors will unlock. The interior
lights will go outafter 40 seconds orwhen you turn on
the ignition.
All doors will lock when DOOR is pressed.
Press theopened trunk symbol to unlock the trunk or
wagon liftgate. The transaxle must be in PARK (P). If
you have the wagon, the ignition must also be OFF.
Matching Transmitter(s)To Your Vehicle
Each key chain transmitter iscoded to prevent another
transmitter from unlocking your vehicle. If a transmitter
is lost or stolen, a replacement can be purchased through
your dealer. Remember to bring any remaining
transmitters with you when you go to your dealer. When
the dealermatches the replacement transmitter to your
vehicle, the remaining transmitters must also be
matched. Once the new transmitter is coded, the lost
transmitter will not unlock your vehicle.
2-6
You can match a transmitter to as many different
vehicles as you own, provided they are equipped with
exactly the sume model system. (General Motors offers
several different models of these systems on their
vehicles.) Each vehicle can have only two transmit.ters
matched to it.
See your dealer to match transmitters to another vehicle.
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the batteries in your key chain
transmitter should last about two years.
You can tell the batteries are weak if the transmitter
won’t work at the normal range in any location. If you
have to get closeto your vehicle before the transmitter
works, it’s probably time to change the batteries.
For battery replacement use two Duracell@batteries,
type DL-2016, or a similar type.
I
1
To replace batteries:
1. Carefully pry off the cover by inserting a dime (or
similar object)in a slot between the coversand twist.
2 . Lift off the front cover, bottom half first.
3. Remove and replace the batteries.
4. Reassemble the transmitter. Make sure the cover is
on tightly, so water won’t get in and snap the cover
together.
5. Check the transmitter operation.
2-7
TrunMLiftgate
Remote Trunk or Liftgate Release (Option)
To unlock the trunk from
&e outside, insert the door
If you have this option,
key arrd'turn it clockwise.
you'll find thebutton in the
glove box.
r
:-
c
The trunk will unlock anytime the ignition is ON. If you
have the wagon, the liftgate will unlock when the
ignition is ON, and the transaxle is in PARK (P).
.
.< .:
Wagon Liftgate Operation
The liftgate on your wagon has a liftglass and a liftgate.
NOTICE:
Be sure there are no overhead obstructions
before you open the liftgate.You could slam the
liftgate into something and break the glass.
Turn the key to theright to unlatch the liftgate, then pull
up on the bottom of the liftgate. To close, pull down on
the handle inside the liftgate, then firmly shut the
liftgate.
2-9
Turn the key to the left to release the liftgate glass.
Then, pull the glass up by the handle. To close, lower
the glass until the latch catches.
2-10
Theft
Glove Box
Use the door key to lock
and unlock the glove box.
To open, pinch the latch
release.
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your Buick has anumber of theft deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make it
impossible to steal.However, there are ways you can
help.
Key in the Ignition
If you walk away from your vehicle with the keys
inside, it’s an easy target for joy riders or professional
thieves -- so don’t do it.
When you park your Buick and open the driver’s door,
you’ll hear a chime reminding you to remove your key
from the ignition and take it with you. Always do this.
Your steering wheel will be locked, and so will your
ignition and transaxle. And remember to lock the doors.
2-11
Parking at Night
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight.
Put them in a storage area, or take them with you.
rarking Lots
If you park in a lot where someone will be watching
your vehicle, it’s best to lock it up and take your keys.
But what if you have to leave your ignition key? What if
you have to leavesomething valuable in your vehicle?
Put your valuables in a storage area,like your trunk
or glove box.
Lock the glove box.
Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
Then take the door key with you.
2-12
New Vehicle “Break-In”
NOTICE:
Your modern Buick doesn’t need an elaborate
“break-in.” But itwill perform better in the long
run if you follow these guidelines:
Don’t drive at any one speed fast or
slow for the first500 miles (804 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322km) orso. During this time
your new brake linings aren’tyet broken
in. Hard stops with new linings can mean
premature wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this “breaking-in” guideline every
time you get new brake linings.
Don’t tow a trailer during “break-in.” See
“Towing a Trailer” in the Index for more
information.
--
--
Ignition Key Positions
I
n
accessories. Use this position if your vehicle must be
pushed or towed, butnever try to push-start your
vehicle. A warning chime will sound if you open the
driver’s doorwhen the ignitionis off and the key is in
the ignition.
(D) Run: An ON position to which the switch returns
after you start your engineand release the switch. The
switch staysin the RUN position when the engine is
running. But even when the engineis not running, you
can useRUN to operateyour electrical power
accessories, and to display some instrument panel
warning lights.
(E) Start: Starts the engine. When the engine starts,
release thekey. The ignition switchwill return to RUN
for normal driving.
With the ignitionkey in the ignition switch,you can turn
the switch to five positions:
(A) Accessory: An ON position in which you can
operate your electrical power accessories. Pressin the
ignition switch asyou turn the top of it toward you.
(B) Lock: The only position in which you can remove the
key. This locks your steering wheel, ignition and transaxle.
(C) Off Unlocks the steering wheel, ignition,and
transaxle, butdoes not send electrical power to any
I NOTICE:
If your key seemsstuck in LOCK and you can’t
turn it, be sure itis all the way in. If it is, then
turn the steering wheel leftand right while you
turn the key hard. But turn the key only with
your hand. Using a tool to force it could break
the key or the ignition switch.If none of this
works, then your vehicle needs service.
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position -- that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N)only.
NOTICE:
Don’t try toshift to PARK (P) if your Buick is
damage the
moving. If you do, you could
transaxle. Shift to PARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
2-14
NOTICE:
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to be
drained much sooner. And the excessive heat can
damage your starter motor.
2. If your engine won’t start (or starts but then stops), it
could be flooded with too much gasoline. Try
pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
START for about three seconds. If the car starts
briefly but then stops again, do the same thing, but
this time keep the pedal down for five or sixseconds.
This clears the extra gasoline fromthe engine.
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in yourvehicle. If you add electrical
parts oraccessories, you could change the way the
fuel injection system operates.Before adding
electrical equipment, check withyour dealer. If you
don’t, your engine might notperform properly.
If you ever have to have your
vehicle towed, see
the partof this manual that tells
how to do it
without damaging yourvehicle. See “Towing
Your Car” in the Index.
Driving Through DeepStanding Water
I NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles or
standing water, water can come in through your
engine’s air intake and badly damage your
engine. Never drive through water that
is slightly
lower than the underbody
of your vehicle. If you
can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive
through them veryslowly.
2-15
Engine Coolant Heater (Option)
In very cold weather, 0°F (- 1 8 “C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up. IJsually,
the coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of
four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
1 NOTICE:
After you’ve used the coolant heater, be sure to
store thecord as it was before to keep
it away
from moving engine parts.If you don’t,it could
be damaged.
To use the coolant heater:
I . Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 1 1 O-volt outlet.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the weather, the kind of oil
you have, and some other things. Instead of trying to list
everything here, we ask that you contact your Buick
dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your vehicle.
The dealer can give you the best advice for that
particular area.
Automatic Transaxle
Your shift lever is located on the steering column.
I
n
I
There are several different positions for your shift lever.
PARK (P): This locks your front wheels. It’s the best
position to use when you start your engine because your
vehicle can’t move easily.
REVERSE (R):Use this gear to back up.
NOTICE:
Shifting to REVERSE(R)while your vehicle is
moving forward could damage your transaxle.
Shift to REVERSE(R)only after your vehicle is
stopped.
2-17
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transaxle, see “If
You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow” in the Index.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine doesn’t
connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re
already moving, use NEUTRAL (N)only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N)when your vehicle is being towed.
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (@):If your automatic
transaxle has automatic overdrive, this position is for
normal driving. If you need more power for passing, and
you’re:
- Going less than 35 mph (56 km/h), push your
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
- Going about 35 mph (56 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
You’ll shift down to the next gear and have more
power.
THIRD GEAR (3 ): If your automatic transaxle does
not have Overdrive, this position is fornormal driving,
at all speeds, in most street and highway situations.
If your automatic transaxle has Overdrive, D is like a,
but you never go into Overdrive.
Here are some times you might choose D instead of @:
I NOTICE:
Damage to your transaxle caused by shifting out
of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the engine
racing isn’t coveredby your warranty.
2-18
-
When driving on hilly, winding roads.
-
When towing a trailer, so there is less shifting
between gears.
- When going down a steep hill.
SECOND GEAR (2): This position gives you more
power but lowerfuel economy. You can use SECOND (2)
on hills. It can help control your speedas you go down
steep mountain roads, but then you would also want to use
your brakesoff and on.
NOTICE:
Don’t drive in SECOND(2)for more than
5 miles (8 km), orat speeds over 55 mph
(88 k m k ) , o ryou can damage your transaxle.
Use OVERDRIVE @ DRIVE (D) (if your vehicle
has Overdrive) as much as
possible.
Don’t shift intoSECOND (2) unless you are going
slower than 65 mph (105 k h ) , or you can
damage your engine.
FIRST GEAR (1): This position gives you even more
power (but lower fuel economy) than SECOND ( 2 ) .You
can use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If
the selector leveris put in FIRST (l), the transaxle
won’t shift into first gear
until the vehicle is going
slowly enough.
NOTICE:
If your frontwheels can’t rotate, don’t try to
drive. This might happen
if you were stuck in
very deep sandor mud orwere up against a solid
object. You could damage your transaxle.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with only the accelerator
pedal. This could overheat and damage the
transaxle. Use your brakes to hold your
vehicle in
position on a hill.
2-19
Parking Brake
The parking brake uses the brakes on the rear wheels.
To set the parking brake:
Hold the regular brake
pedal down with your right
foot. Push down the parking
brake pedal with your left
foot. If the ignition is on,
the brake system warning
light will come on.
I NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake on can cause
your rear brakes to overheat.
You may have to
replace them, and you could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
If you are towinga trailer and are parking on any
hill: See “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. That section
shows what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
To release the parking
brake: Hold the regular
brake pedal down. Pull the
brake release lever.
2-20
Shifting Into PARK (P)
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake.
0
Pull the lever toward you.
2-21
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running
Move the lever up as far as it will go.
3. Move the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
walk away from your vehicle with the ignition key in
your hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into the PARK (P)
position, hold the regular brake pedal down. Then, see if
you can move the shift lever away from PARK (P)
without first pulling it toward you. If you can, it means
that the shift lever wasn’t fully locked into PARK (P).
Note: If for some reason you leave your vehicle running
and it is not in PARK (P) and the parking brake is
applied, your doors will automatically lock when you
close the door.
2-22
Torque Lock
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
If you are parkingon a hill and you don’t shiftyour
transaxle intoPARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parkingpawl in
the transaxle.You may find it difficult topull the shift
lever outof PARK (P). This is called “torquelock.” To
prevent torque lock, setthe parking brakeand then shift
into PARK (P) properly beforeyou leave the driver’s
seat. To find out how, see “Shifting IntoPARK (P)” in
the Index.
Your Buick has a brake transaxleshift interlock. You
have to fully apply your regular brake to shift from
PARK (P) when the ignition is in the RUN position. See
“Automatic Transaxle” in the Index.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) before you release theparking brake.
If “torque lock” does occur, you may need to have
another vehiclepush yours a little uphill to take some of
the pressure fromthe transaxle, so you can pull theshift
lever outof PARK (P).
cannot shift out of PARK (P) ease pressureon
the shift lever--push the shift leverall the way into
PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear
you want. If you ever
hold the brake pedal down but still can’t shift outof
PARK (P) try this:
11’you
1. Turn the key to off.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the vehicle and then shift to the drive gearyou
want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
Parking Over Things That Burn
2-24
Engine Exhaust
Running Your Engine While You’re
Parked
It’s better not to park with the enginepnning,
. .,But.,
..
.i,f,you
,
. ...
ever have-to, here are
some things toknow.
I
,
d
’, ,;
.>,;,
Follow the proper steps tobe sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting IntoPARK (P)” in the Index.
If you are parkingon a hill and if you’re pulling a
trailer, also see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
Windows
On a vehicle with manual windows, use the window
crank to openand close eachwindow.
Power Windows (Option)
Wagon Rear Vent Windows (Option)
With power windows, switches on the driver’s armrest
control each of the windows when the ignition is on. In
addition, each passenger door has a control switch for its
own window.
To open, pull the latch forward, then push on the center
of the latch to swing the window out into the open
position.
2-26
To close the window, pull the center of the latch and
then press the latch into the closed position.
Turn SignaVHeadlamp Beam Lever
Horn
You can sounc1 the horn by pressing 1:he horn symbol on
your steering wheel.
Tilt Wheel
A tilt steering wheel allows
you to adjust the steering
wheel beforeyou drive.
I
The leveron the left sideof the steering column
includes your:
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
You can also raise it to
the highest levelto give your
legs more room whenyou exit and enter thevehicle.
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering
wheel and pull the
lever. Move the steeringwheel to a comfortable level,
then release the leverto lock thewheel in place.
Headlamp High-Low Beam & Passing Signal
0
Windshield Wipers
0
Windshield Washer
Cruise Control (Option)
2-27
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
6
A green arrow on the
instrument panel will flash
in the direction of the turn
or lane chanqe.
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever
until the green arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until
you complete your lane change. The lever will return by
itself when you release it.
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you
to signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down.
When the turn is finished, the lever will return
automatically.
2-28
As you signal a turn or a lane change,if the arrows don’t
flash but just stay on, a signal bulb may be burned out
and other driverswon’t see your turn signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the green arrows don’t go on at all when you
signal a turn, check the fuse (see “Fuses” in the Index)
and for burned-out bulbs.
Ihrn Signal Reminder
Windshield Wipers
If your turn signal is left on for more than 3/4 of a mile,
a chime will sound. To turn off the chime, move the turn
signal lever to theoff position.
Headlamp High-Low Beam
To change the headlamps
from low beam to high or
high to low, pull the turn
signal lever all the way
toward you. Then release it.
When the high beams are
on, this blue lighton the
instrument panel also will
be on.
You control the windshield wipers by turning the band
marked WIPER.
For a single wiping cycle, turn the band to MIST. Hold
it there until the wipers start, then let go. Thewipers will
stop after one cycle.If you want more cycles, hold the
band on MIST longer.
2-29
You can set the wiper speed for a long orshort delay
between wipes. This can be very useful in light rain or
snow. Turn the band to choose the delay time. The
closer to LO, the shorter the delay.
For steady wiping at low speed, turn the band away
from you to the LO position. For high speed wiping,
turn the band further, to HI. To stop the wipers, move
the band to OFF.
Remember that damaged wiper blades may prevent you
from seeing well enough to drive safely. To avoid
damage, be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper
blades before using them. If they’re frozen to the
windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them. If your
blades do become damaged, get new blades or blade
inserts.
Heavy snow or icecan overload your wiper rnotor. A
circuit breaker will stop the motor until it cools. Clear
away snow or ice to prevent an overload.
Windshield Washer
At the top of the turn signalkeadlamp beam lever
there’s a paddle with the word PUSH on it. To spray
washer fluid on the windshield, push the paddle.
If you push the paddle less than one second, washer
fluid will spray three to four times while the wiper
blades cycle. If you push the paddle longer than one
second, washer fluid will spray as long as the paddle is
held. When you release the paddle, the wiper blades will
cycle three to four more times to clearthe window and
then either stop orreturn to your preset speed.
Driving without washer fluid can be dangerous. A bad
mud splash can block your vision. You could hit another
vehicle or go off the road. Check your washer fluid level
often.
NOTICE:
0
0
0
0
When using concentrated washer fluid,
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution
to freeze
and damage your washer fluid tank and
other partsof the washer system.Also,
water doesn’t clean aswell as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only
3/4 full
when it’s very cold. This allows for
expansion, which could damage the tankif
it is completely full.
Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your
windshield washer. It can damage your
washer system and paint.
Wagon Rear Window Washermiper
(Option)
The rear window
washedwiper switch is at
the center of the instrument
panel. Pressthe top of the
switch labeled WASH and
the rear wiper will run at a
constant speed.
Press the switch further and hold to spray washer fluid
while the wiper continues to run. The wiper will
continue to run until you press the switch to OFF.
The rear window washer fluid reservoir is the same
reservoir as the windshield washer reservoir.
2-31
Cruise Control (Option)
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot on
the accelerator. This can really help on long trips. Cruise
control does not work at speeds below about 25 mph
(40 km/h).
When you apply your brakes, the cruise control shuts
off.
2-32
To Set Cruise Control
The CRUISE light on
the instrument Dane1 will
come on.
~
CRUISE
4. Take your foot off the accele.ratorpedal.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
2-33
To Resume a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed
and then you apply the brake. This, of course, shutsoff
the cruise control.But you don’t need to reset it.
Once you’re going about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can move the cruise
control switch from ON to
R/A (Resume/Accelerate)
for about half a second.
You’ll go right back up to
your chosen speed and stay
there.
If you hold the switch at WA longer than half a second,
the vehicle will keep going faster until you release the
switch or apply the brake. You could be startled and
even lose control. So unless you want to go faster, don’t
hold the switch at R/A.
2-34
To Increase Speed WhileUsing Cruise
Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed. Here’s the
first:
1. Use the accelerator pedal to get tothe higher speed.
2. Push the SET button at the end of the lever, then
release the button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll
now cruise at the higher speed.
Here’s the second way to go to a higher speed:
I . Move the cruise switch from ON to WA. Hold it
there until you get up to the speed you want, and
then release the switch.
2. To increase your speed in very small amounts, move
the switch to WA for less than half a second and then
release it. Each time you do this, your vehicle will go
1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster. If you tap R/A five times,
you will go 5 mph faster.
The accelerate feature will only work after you have
set the cruisecontrol speed by pushing the SET
button.
To Reduce Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
1. Push in the SET button at the end of the lever until
you reach the lower speed you want, then release it.
2. To slow down in very small amounts, push the
button for less than half a second.Each time you do
this, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower. If you tap
SET five times, you will go 5 mph slower.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load,and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may have to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speed down. Of course, applyingthe brake
takes you out of cruise control.Many drivers find this to
be too much trouble and don’t use cruise controlon
steep hills.
To Get Out of Cruise Control
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
There are two ways to turn off the cruise control:
Use the accelerator pedal to increaseyour speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down to the cruise controlspeed you set earlier.
2. Move the cruise switch to OFF.
1. Step lightly on the brake pedal, or
To Erase Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
2-35
Lamps
InteriodInstrument Panel Lamps
Theses switches control the
following light systems:
You can brighten or dim the
instrument panel lamps by
rotating the control up or
down. To turn on the
interior courtesy lamps,
rotate thecontrol all the
way up to HI.
Headlamps
Parking Lamps
Headlamp On Warning
Side Marker Lamps
If you open the door while leaving the lamps on, you
will hear a warning chime.
Taillamps
License Plate Lamps
0
Instrument Panel Lamps
To turn on the headlamps, press the switch with the
lamp symbol.
Press the switch marked P to turn on the parking lamps.
Press OFF to turn off all lamps.
2-36
Daytime Running Lamps (Option)
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) make it easier to see
the front of your vehicle duringthe day. DRL can be
helpful in many different driving conditions,but they
can be especially helpful in the short periods after dawn
and before sunset.
A light sensorin the instrument panel cluster makes the
DRL work, so be sure it isn’t covered.
The DRL system will make your headlamp low beams
come on at reduced brightness when:
0
the ignition is on,
0
the headlamp switch is off, and
0
the parking brake is released.
To idle your vehicle with the DRL off, set the parking
brake while the ignition is in the OFF or LOCK
position. Then start the vehicle. The DRL will stay off
until you release the parking brake.
As with any vehicle, you should turn o n rne regular
headlamp system any time you need it.
Map Lamp
Press the switch to turn the
map lamp on and off.
When the DRL are on, only your front headlamp low
beams will be on. The taillamps, sidemarker and other
lamps won’t be on. Your instrument panel won’t be lit
up either.
When it’s dark enough outside, your headlamps will
come on to full brightness. The otherlamps that come
on with your headlamps will also come on.
When it’s bright enough outside, the regular lamps will
go off, and your headlamp low beams will come on at a
reduced brightness.
2-37
Front Seat Reading Lamps (Option)
Mirror Reading Lamps (Option)
Press the switch to turn the front seat reading lamps on
or off.
Press the switches on the front of the mirror to turn on
the reading lamps.
2-38
gear Reading Lamps (Wagon)
Interior Lamps Delay
When you pull on the driver’s outside door handle, the
dome and courtesy lamps will go on and stay on for
about 40 seconds, oruntil you turn the ignition on.
If you pull on the driver’s inside door handle within
30 seconds of switching off the ignition, the interior
lamps will go on and stay on for about 5 seconds, to
allow you to unlock your door(s).
Courtesy Lamps
When any door is opened, several lamps go on. These
lamps are under the instrument panel. Optional lamps
are on the front doors.They make it easy for you to
enter and leave the vehicle. You also can turn these
lamps on by rotating the interior lamps switch to HI.
This lamp will go on when you open the liftgate. To turn
on the lamp when the liftgate is closed, press the switch.
2-39
Mirrors
Outside Mirrors
Inside Mirror
Manual
Both the driver and passenger side outside mirrors
should be adjusted so that you just see the side of your
vehicle and the area behind your vehicle when you are
sitting in a comfortable drivingposition.
When you are sitting in a comfortabledriving position,
adjust the mirror so you can see clearly behind you car.
The day-night adjustment allows you to reduce glare
from lights behind you, pull the lever toward you to the
night position.
2-40
Use the remote control knob on the driver's door to
adjust the driver's outside mirror. Adjust the passenger's
outside mirror by hand.
Power (Option)
Convex Outside Mirror
Both the driver’s and optional passenger side outside
mirrors can be adjustedwith the control leveron the
Your passenger’s side mirroris convex.
driver’s door.
A convex mirror’s surfaceis curved so you can seemore
from the driver’s seat.
Turn the knob left or right to select the driver’s or
passenger’s mirror. Rotate the knob to adjust the
mirror.
side of
Adjust each mirrorso that you can just see the
your vehicle and the areabehind your vehicle when you
are sittingin a comfortable driving position.
2-41
Convenience Net (Option)
I
Wagon Cargo Security Cover
(Option)
I
This cover is designed to help conceal articles in the rear
storage area. It pulls out and retracts like a window
shade.
If you have the optional rear-facing third seat, make sure
I
I
Your vehicle may have a convenience net. You’ll see it
just inside theback wall of the trunk.
Put small loads, likegrocery bags, behind the net. It can
help keep them from falling over during sharp
turns or
quick starts and stops.
The net isn’t for larger, heavier loads. Storethem in the
trunk as farforward as you can. You can unhook the net
so that it will lie flatwhen you’re notusing it.
2-42
~
it is folded down.
To Use the Cover:Grasp the handleand pull the cover
the ends of the support
over the rear storage area. Insert
rod into the slots in the trim panel near the liftgate.
When the cover isn’t in use, roll it back onto the roller.
Hold the handleand lift the support rod out of the slots.
Tug the cover lightly, then let it roll back automatically.
Don’t release the handleuntil the cover has rolled back
completely.
To Remove the Cover: You can remove the cover and
roller assembly for extra cargo room. Slide back the end
sleeve and lift the assembly out of the notch in the trim
panel.
To replace the assembly, reverse the procedure.
2-43
Luggage Carrier (Option)
If you have the optional luggage carrier, you can load
things on top of a wagon. The wagon has slats attached
to the roof, siderails, and adjustable crossrails. The
crossrails can be adjusted by loosening the screws. After
moving the crossrails, be sure totighten the screws
securely.
Don’t exceed the maximum vehicle capacity when
loading your Buick. For more information on vehicle
capacity and loading, see “Loading Your Vehicle’’ in the
Index.
To prevent damage or loss of cargo as you’re driving,
check now and then to make sure the luggage carrier and
cargo arestill securely fastened.
I NOTICE:
Loading cargo thatweighs more than 200 pounds
(90 kg) for theroof on the luggage carrier may
damage your vehicle. When you carry large
things, never let them hang over the
rear or the
sides of your vehicle. Load your cargoso that it
rests on the slats and does not scratch or damage
the vehicle. Put the cargo against the rear rail
of
the deck lid carrier and fasten securely.
it
On the
of the
wagon, put the cargo against the side rails
roof carrier and fasten it securely.
Storage Armrest (Option)
The front armrest opens intoa storage area. To open it, lift
the lever at the front edge. Inside is a coin holder, slots to
hold cassettes or CDs and a dual cup holder. To use the
cup holder, flip it forward and close the armrest cover.
The cup holder can be removed for cleaning. Flip the
cup holder into the armrest storage area. Squeeze the
arms inward to release the retainer pins. Remove the cup
holder.
The armrest can be raised so that a passenger can sit in
the center Dosition.
2-45
Rear Locking Storage Compartment
(Wagon)
Use your door key to unlock the storagebin on the
driver’s side near the liftgate.
2-46
Ashtrays
Reach under the front edge of the ashtray compartment
to open it. To remove the ashtray for cleaning, reach
under the ashtray and push up from behind it.
Cigarette Lighter
To use the lighter, push it in all the way and let go.
When it’s ready, it will pop back by itself.
I NOTICE:
Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand
while it is heating. If you do, itwon’t be able to
back away from the heating element when
it’s
ready. That can make it overheat, damaging the
lighter and the heating element.
To clean the rear ashtrays, fullyopen the ashtray. Press
down on the snuffer as you pull the ashtray down and
out.
I NOTICE:
Don’t put papers and other things that burn into
ashtrays. If you do, cigarettes or other smoking
materials could set them on fire, causing damage.
2-47
Your instrument panel is designed to let you know at a
glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how
fast you’re going, how much fuel you’re using, and
many other things you’ll need to drive safely and
economically.
The Instrument Panel: Your
Information System
Domestic
I
1
Speedometer and Odometer
I
SERVICEENGINE
SOON
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h). Your
odometer shows how far your vehicle has been driven,
in either miles (used in the U.S.) or kilometers (used in
Canada).
am
BRAKE
.ANTI
I OCK
Your Buick has a “tamper-resistant odometer.” If you
can see very noticeable bright silver linesbetween the
numbers, probably someone has tried to turn it back.
The numbers may not be true.
Canadian
You may wonder what happens if a vehicle has to have a
I
new odometer installed. If possible, thenew one has
I f
I
rR4CTION
TA’LGATE
AJAR
2-48 -
to
be set to the same reading as the old one. If it can’t be,
then it’s set at zero, and a label on the driver’s door must
show the old reading and when the new one was
installed.
Trip Odometer
The trip odometer can tell you how many miles you
have driven since you last set it to zero. To reset it, push
the button on the instrument cluster.
Warning Lights, Gages and
Indicators
This part describes warning lights and gages that may be
on your vehicle. The pictures will help you locate them.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
Safety Belt Warning Light
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement.
Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also saveyou or
others frominjury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions.As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they’re working.If you are
familiar with this section,you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
Gages can indicatewhen there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When the key is turned to RUN or START a chime will
come on for about eight secondsto remind people to
fasten their safety belts, unless the driver’s safety belt is
already buckled. The safety belt light will also come on
and stay on for about 20 seconds, then it will flash for
about 55 seconds. If the driver’s belt is already buckled,
neither the chime nor the light will come on.
2-49
AIR
BAG
Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness lighton the instrument
panel, which shows AIR BAG . The system checks the
air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions. The light
tells you if there isan electrical problem. The system
check includes the air bag sensors and the wiring and the
diagnostic module. For more information on the air bag
system, see“Air Bag” in the Index.
2-50
You will see this light flash for a few seconds when you
turn your ignition to RUN or START. Then the light
should go out. This means the system is ready.
If the air bag readiness light doesn’t come on when you
start your vehicle, or stays on, or comes on when you
are driving, your air bag system may not work properly.
Have your vehicle serviced right away.
Brake System Warning Light
BRAKE
Your Buick’s hydraulic
brake systemis divided into
two parts. If one part isn’t
working, the otherpart can
still work and stop you. For
good braking, though,you
need both partsworking
well.
If the warning light comes on, there could be a brake
problem. Have your brake system inspected right
away.
This light should come on briefly
as you start the
so it
vehicle. If it doesn’t come on then, have it fixed
The brake systemwarning light will also come
on when
you set your parking brake,and it will stayon if your
parking brake doesn’t releasefully. If it stayson after
your pafking brakeis fully released, itmeans you have a
brake problem.
will be ready to warn you if there’s a problem.
If the light comeson while you are driving,pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder topush. Or, the pedalmay go closer to the
floor.
It may take longer tostop. If the light is still on, iforthe
anti-lock brake systemwarning light is flashing, have
the vehicletowed for service. (See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light” and “Towing Your Car” in the
Index.)
2-51
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
Domestic
Canadian
ANTILOCK
With the anti-lock brake system, this light will come on
when you start your engine and it will stay on for three
seconds. That’s normal. If the light doesn’t come on,
have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there is a
problem.
If the light flasheswhen you’re driving, you don’t have
anti-lock brakes and there could be aproblem with your
regular brakes. Pull off the road and stop carefully. You
may notice that the pedal is harder to push.Or, the pedal
may go closer to the floor. It may take longer tostop.
Have the vehicle towed for service. (See“Towing Your
Car’’ in the Index.)
2-52
If the anti-lock brake system warning light stays on
longer than normal after you’ve started your engine, turn
the ignition off. Or, if the light comes on and stays on
when you’re driving, stop assoon as possible and turn
the ignition off. Then start the engine again to reset the
system. If the light still stays on, orcomes on again
while you’re driving, your Buick needs service. If the
light is on but not flashing and the regular brake system
warning light isn’t on, you still have brakes, but you
don’t have anti-lock brakes.
Anti-Lock Brake System Active Light
LOW
TRACTION
When your anti-lock
system is adjusting
brake pressure to help
avoid a braking skid,
the LOW TRACTION
light will come on.
Slippery road conditions will exist if this light comes on,
so adjust your driving accordingly. The light will stay on
for a few seconds after the system stops adjustingbrake
pressure.
The LOW TRACTION light also comes
on briefly, as a
bulb check, when the engine is started. If the light
doesn’t comeon then, have it fixed so it will be there to
tell you when the system is active.
Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Light
This red warning light is
designed to tell you that
your engine coolanthas
overheated or your radiator
cooling fan is not working.
If you have been operating your vehicle under normal
driving conditions,you should pull off the road, stop
your vehicle and turn the engineoff as soon as possible.
The chapter “Problems on the Road,” in this manual
explains what to do. See“Engine Overheating” in the
Index.
2-53
Engine CoolantTemperature Gage
Domestic
Canadian
Malfunction IndicatorLamp
(Service Engine Soon Light)
Domestic
Canadian
H
c 9
#
-C
TEMPERATURE
--
,-&.
/c
0
J
This gage shows the engine coolanttemperature. If the
gage pointer moves into the red area, your engine is too
hot !
That reading means the same thing as the warning light.
It means that your engine coolanthas overheated. If you
have been operating your vehicle under normal driving
conditions, you should pull off the road, stop your
vehicle and turn off the engineas soon as possible.
The chapter “Problems on the Road,” in this manual
explains what to do. See “Engine Overheating” in the
Index.
2-54
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
Your vehicle is equipped with either an amber SERVICE
ENGINE SOON light or an amber engine symbol light.
A computer monitors operation of your fuel, ignition
and emission control systems. This reminder light is
designed to come on when the ignition is on, but the
engine is not running, as a check to show you it is
working.
If it does not come on at all, have it fixed right away. If
it stays on, or it comes on while you are driving, the
computer is indicating that you have a problem. You
should take your vehicle in for service soon.
I NOTICE:
Engine Oil PressureLight
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, aftera while the emission controls won’t
work as well, your fuel economy won’t be
as good
and your engine may not run
as smoothly. This
could lead to costly repairs not covered
by your
warranty.
If you have a problem with
your oil, this red oil
pressure warning light may
stay on after you start your
engine, or come on when
you are driving.Stop your
vehicle and shut off the
engine if this light stays on.
Liftgate Ajar Warning Light (Wagon)
TAILGATE
AJAR
The amber TAILGATE
AJAR reminder light on
your instrument panel will
come on if your liftgate is
not completely closed.
This indicates that oil is
not going through your engine
quickly enough to keep it lubricated.
The engine could below on oil, or couldhave some
other oil problem. Have your vehicle serviced
immediately.
The oil light could also comeon in three other
situations:
When the ignition is on but the engine is not running,
the light will come on as a test to show you it is
working, but the light will go out when you turn the
ignition to “Start.”If it doesn’t come on with the
ignition on, you may have a problem with the fuse or
bulb. Have it fixed right away.
Sometimes when the engine is idling at a stop, the
light may blink on and off. This is normal.
Battery Light
The red battery warning
light i s designed to come on
If you make a hard stop, the light may come on for a
moment. This is normal.
I NOTICE:
Damage to your engine
from neglected oil
problems can be costly andis not covered by your
warranty.
2-56
briefly when you turn on the
ignition, but the engine is
not running, as a check to
show you it is working.
I
Then it should go out.If it stays on, or comes on while
you are driving,you may have a problem with the
electrical charging system. It could indicate that you
have a loose generator drive belt or another electrical
problem. Have it checked right away. Driving while this
light is on could drain your battery.
If you must drive a short distance with the light on, be
certain to turn off all your accessories, such as the radio
and air conditioner.
Fuel Gage
Domestic
Canadian
Here are four things that some owners ask about. None
of these show a problem with your fuel gage and are
normal operating characteristics:
0
At the service station, the gas pump shuts off before
the gage reads FULL (F).
It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than the
.!=!a
uane indicated. For example, the gage may have
indicated the tank was half full, but it actually took a
little more or less than half the tank's capacity to fill
the tank.
!
I
0
'
UNLEADED FUEL ONLY
The gage moves a little when you turn a corner,
speed up or brake.
0 The gage doesn't go back to E when you turn off the
I
ignition.
Your fuel gage tells you about how much fuel you have
left, when the ignition is on. When the indicator nears
EMPTY (E), you still have a little fuel left, but you
should get more soon.
2-57
NOTES
Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section you’ll find outhow to operate thecomfort
control systems and audio systems offered with your
Buick. Be sure to read about the particular system
supplied with your vehicle.
The air conditionerand heater work best if you keep
your windows closed whileusing them. Your vehicle
also has the flow-through ventilation system described
later in this section.
Your Buick Comfort Control System
Lever Controls:The upper lever cnanges the functions
of your system. The lower lever changes the temperature
of the air coming through the system.
The lever next to the fan symbol selects the force of air
you want.
To turn the fan off, move the upper lever to theOFF
position.
Air Conditioning
The upper lever has three air conditioner settings. On
very hot days, openthe windows long enough to let hot
inside airescape. This reduces the amount of work your
air conditioner’scompressor will have to do, which
should help fueleconomy.
3-1
MAX: Provides maximum cooling with the least
amount of work. This settingrecirculates much of the
air insideyour vehicle so it maximizes your air
conditioner's performance and fuel economy.
NORM (Normal): Use for normal cooling on hot days.
This setting cools outside air and directs it through the
instrument panel outlets.
BI-LEV (Bi-Level):Use this on cool, but sunny days.
This setting brings in the outside air, and directs it in
two ways. The cool air is directed to the upper portion
of your body through the instrument panel outlets, and
warmed air is directed through the heater ducts and
defroster vents. At times this temperature difference
may be more apparent than others.
The airconditioner compressor operates in all Air
Conditioning positions, and in DEF (defrost) when the
outside temperature is above about 40°F (4.5"C).
Ventilation System
VENT: For mild outside temperatures, when little
heating or cooling is needed, slide the upper lever to
VENT. Air flow is through the instrument panel outlets.
Rotate the control next to the outlets toturn on, adjust or
turn off the air flow. Adjust the lower lever on the
control panel to the temperature desired.
3-2
HEATER:When outside temperatures are cold, sliding
the upper lever to HEATER and the lower lever to HOT
will send heated air through the heater ducts, and some
through the defroster vents. VENT and HEATER are
labeled ECONOMY positions because the air
conditioner compressor doesn't run in these two
settings. Thisreduces engine load,resulting in improved
fuel economy. If either setting fails tokeep you
comfortable, or causesyour windows to fogup, slide the
upper lever to one of the Air Conditioning positions, or
to DEF (Defrost).
Defrosting
The DEF setting directs most of the airthrough the
defroster vents, and some through the heater ducts.
Defogging
To quickly defog the windshield, set the upper lever to
DEF and move the fan switch to HI. Slide thelower
lever to HOT.
In damp, cool weather (temperatures about 45 "-65"F,
7 - 18 C ) , you can use BI-LEV to defog the side
windows. Set the upper lever to BI-LEV and the fan
switch to HI. Aim the side vents toward the side
windows. For increased air flow to the side vents, close
the center vents.
O
O
Rear Window Defogger (Option)
The rear window defogger
uses a warming grid to
remove fog from the rear
window. In winter, it can
also keep ice from forming
on the rearwindow.
Press the ON portion of the switch. The indicator light
will glow. The rear window defogger will turn off
automatically after about10 minutes of use. You can
also turn it off by turning off the ignition or pressingthe
OFF portion of the switch.
I NOTICE:
Flow-Through Ventilation System
Your Buick’s flow-through ventilation system supplies
outside air intothe vehicle when it is moving. Outside
air will also enterthe vehicle when the heater or the air
conditioning fan is running.
Ventilation Tips
0
Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow, or
any other obstruction(such as leaves). Theheater
and defroster will work far better, reducing the
chance of fogging the inside of your windows.
0
When you enter a vehiclein cold weather, turn the
blower fan to HI for a few moments before driving
off. This helps clear the intake ducts
of snow and
moisture, and reduces thechance of fogging the
inside of your windows.
0
Keep the air path under the front seats clearof
objects. This helpsair to circulate throughout your
vehicle.
Don’t use a razor bladeor something else sharp
on the insideof the rear window.If you do, you
could cut or damage the warming grid, and the
repairs wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
3-3
Audio Systems
Your Delco@audio system has been designed to operate
easily and give years of listening pleasure.But you will
get the most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself
with it first. Find out what your Delco@system can do
and how to operateall its controls, to besure you're
getting the most out of the advanced engineering that
went into it.
Clock
AM/FM Stereo Radio
"OL -3 S A L
L
=
RECALL
bo
TREBLE
1I
I
TUNE -0 FADE
R
~ A M - F M
To set the clock:
1. Press the SET button.
2. Within 5 seconds, press and hold SCAN until the
correct hour appears on the display.
3. Press and hold SEEK until the correct minute
appears on the display.
3-4
The digitaldisplay indicates information on time or
radio station frequency, the AM or FM radio band,
whether the station is in stereo, and other radio
functions.
VOL: Rotate the upper knob to turn the radio's power
on and off and control the volume. When the ignition is
off, press the knobto display the time,
BAL: The balance controlbehind the upper knob
adjusts the lefthight speaker balance.
AM-FM: Rotate the lower knob to tune in radio
stations. Press it to change between the AM and FM
bands.
FADE: The FADE control behind the lower knob
adjusts the fronthear speakerbalance.
TREBLE: Slide this lever up to increase treble, ordown
to decrease it. If a station is weak or noisy, reduce the
treble.
BASS: Slide this lever up to increase bass, or down to
decrease it.
SCAN: Press the SCAN button to hear eachstation for a
few seconds. Push it again to stop scanning.
SEEK: Press the SEEK button to goto the next higher
station and stay there. Push it again and it will find the
next higher station.
Pushbuttons
The four pushbuttons letyou return to favorite stations.
To set the pushbuttons for up to fourteen stations
(7 AM and 7 FM):
1. Use the lower knob (TUNE) to tune in the station
you want.
2. Press SET. The SET indicator will appear in the
display.
3. Within 5 seconds, press one of the four pushbuttons.
Whenever you push that button again, the preset
station will return.
Up to three more stations may be preset on each band by
pressing two pushbuttons that are next to each other, at
the same time.
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Press SET, and within five seconds press any two
pushbuttons that are next to each other at the same
time. The station will return when the same two
pushbuttons are pressed again.
3-5
A W M Stereo with Cassette Player
i
AM-FM: Rotate the lower knob to tunein radio
stations. Press it tochange between the AM and FM
bands.
TREBLE
Q
AUTO
FADE: The FADE control behind the lower knob
adjusts the fronthear speakerbalance.
DhR
BASS
AUTO REVERSE
The digital display indicates information on time or radio
station frequency, theAM or FM radio band, whether the
station is in stereo, and other radio functions.
VOL: Rotate the upper knob to turn the radio's power
on and off and control the volume. When the ignition is
off, press the knob to display the time,
0
Rotate VOL to control the volume.
When the ignition is off, press the knob to display
the time.
When a tape is playing, press the knob to hear the
other sideof the tape.
3-6
BAL: The balance control behind the upper knob
adjusts the lefthight speaker balance.
TREBLE: Slide this lever up to increase treble, or down
to decrease it. If a station is weak or noisy, reduce the
treble.
BASS: Slide this lever up to increase bass, or down to
decrease it.
SCAN: Press the SCAN button to hear each station for a
few seconds. Push it again to stop scanning.
SEEK: Press the SEEK button to go to the next higher
station and stay there. Push it again and it will find the
next higher station.
Pushbuttons
To Play a Cassette Tape
The four pushbuttons letyou return to favorite stations.
To set the pushbuttons for up to fourteen stations
(7 AM and 7 FM):
With the power switch on, inserta tape intothe cassette
door. Using tapes that are longerthan 90 minutes
(45 minutes on each side) is not recommended.
1. Use the lower knob(TUNE) to tune in the station
you want.
When the right indicator arrow is lit, selectionslisted on
the bottom side of the cassette areplaying. When the left
arrow is lit, selections listed on the top sideof the
cassette are playing.To change sides of the tape, press
the upper control knob (VOL ) while the cassette is
playing. The tape player automatically begins playing
the other sidewhen it reachesthe end of the tape.
2. Press SET. The SET indicatorwdl appear in the
display.
3. Within 5 seconds, press oneof the fourpushbuttons.
Whenever you push that button again, thepreset
station will return.
Up to threemore stations may be preset on each band by
pressing two pushbuttonsthat are next to each other, at
the same time.
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Press SET, and within five seconds press any two
at the same
pushbuttons that are next to each other
time. The station will return when the same two
pushbuttons arepressed again.
D m @ :Press theDNR@button to select theDynamic
Noise Reduction system that reduces background hiss
on AM and FM radio broadcasts, as well as on cassette
tapes. You may want to leave itpushed in all the time.
Fast Forward
To rapidly advance the tape, press the button with the
arrow pointing in the same direction the tape is playing. To
stop fast forward, lightly pressthe STOP-EJECT button.
Reverse
To rapidly reverse the tape, press the button with the
arrow pointing in the opposite direction thetape is
playing. To stop reverse, lightly press the STOP-EJECT
button.
STOP - EJECT To stop playing a tape, fully press this
button. The cassette will eject, and the radio will begin
playing.
3-7
Understanding Radio Reception
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound. But FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 kmj. Tall
buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing
the sound to come and go.
AIM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however. can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can also
pick up noise from things like storms and power lines.
Try reducing the treble to lower this noise.
Be aware that hearing damage from loud noise is almost
undetectable until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to
higher volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can
be loud and harmful to your hearing. Take precautionsby
adjusting the volume control on your radio toa safe
sound level before your hearing adapts to it.
To help avoid hearing loss or damage:
Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
3-8
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio be sure you can
add what you want. If you can, it’s very
important to do it properly. Added sound
equipment may interfere with the operation of
your vehicle’s engine, Delco@ radio or other
systems, andeven damage them. And, your
vehicle’s systems may interferewith the
operation of sound equipment that hasbeen
added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check
with
your dealer and be sure to check Federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone
units.
--
--
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes, ora damaged
in their
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight,and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or cause failureof the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly each
month or after every 50 hours of use. If you notice a
reduction in sound quality, try a known good cassetteto
see if the tape or the tape player is at fault. If this other
cassette hasno improvement in sound quality, clean the
tape player.
Proper cleaning may be done with a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette. Thissystem uses a
cleaning cassettewith pads which scrubs the tape head
as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn.It is normal for
the cartridge to ejectwhile cleaning. Insertthe cassette
at least 3 times to insurethorough cleaning. A scrubbing
action cleaning cassetteis available throughyour dealer.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action wet-type
cleaner which usesa cassette with a fabric felt to clean the
tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will not eject. It
may not clean as thorough as the scrubbing type cleaner.
Cassettes aresubject to wear and the sound quality may
degrade over time. Always make sure that the cassette
tape is in good condition beforeyou have your tape
player serviced.
3-9
Fixed Mast Antenna
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes
without being damaged. If the mast should ever become
slightly bent, you can straighten it out by hand. If the
mast is badly bent, as it might be by vandals, you should
replace it.
Check every once in a while to be sure the mast is still
tightened to the fender.
Power Antenna Mast Care
Your power antenna will look its best and work well if
it’s cleaned from time totime.
To Clean the Antenna Mast:
1. Turn on the ignition and radio to raise the antenna to
full mast extension.
2. Dampen a clean cloth with mineral spirits or
equivalent solvent.
3. Wipe cloth over the mast sections, removing any
dirt.
4. Wipe dry with clean cloth before retracting.
5 . Make the antenna go up and down by turning the
radio or ignition on and off.
6. Then repeat if necessary.
3-10
NOTICE:
Don’t lubricate the power antenna. Lubrication
could damage it.
I NOTICE:
Before entering an automatic car wash, turn
off
your radio to make the power antenna
go down.
This will prevent the mast frompossibly getting
damaged. If the antenna does not
go down when
you turn the radiooff, it may be damaged or
need to be cleaned. In either case, lower the
antenna by hand by carefully pressing the
antenna down.
NOTES
3-11
NOTES
3-12
NOTES
3-13
NOTES
3-14
NOTES
3-15
NOTES
--
.
3-16
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive
defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
Buick: Buckle up. (See “Safety Belts” in the Index.)
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads, or freeways, itmeans
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers aregoing to be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might
do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Here you’ll find information about driving on different
kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve
also included many other useful tips on driving.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance.It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never
know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake
or turn suddenly.
4-1
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor tothe
highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims every
year.
The obvious way to solve this highway safety problem
is fur people never to drink alcohol and then drive. But
what if people do? How much is “too much” if the
driver plans to drive? It’s a lot less than many might
think. Although it depends on each person and situation,
here is some general information on the problem.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive a
vehicle:
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
Drunken Driving
Judgment
How much alcohol consumed
Muscular Coordination
0
The drinker’s body weight
Vision
0
The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
0
The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol
Attentiveness
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involvealcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are theresult of someone who was drinking
and driving. In recent years, some 18,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use
of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the adult
population -- choose never to drink alcohol, so they
never drive afterdrinking. For persons under 21, it’s
against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There aregood medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for theselaws.
4-2
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-pound (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor likewhiskey, gin or vodka.
man of her samebody weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in many U.S. states sets the legal limit at a BAC
of 0.10 percent. In agrowing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, the limit is 0.08 percent. In some
other countriesit’s even lower. The BAC limit for all
commercial drivers inthe U.S. is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10percent after three tosix
drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen, it
depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and how
quickly the person drinks them.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts.For example, if
the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each)within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent.A person who
consumes food just before or during drinkingwill have a
somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have
a lower relative percentageof body water than men.
Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that a
woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
But the ability to drive isaffected well below a BAC
of 0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of many people are impaired at aBAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects areworse at night. All
drivers are impairedat BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or herchance of having
a collision.At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance
of this driverhaving a collision istwelve times greater;
at a level of 0.15 percent, the chance is twenty-five
times greater!
4-3
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I’ll be careful” isn’t the
right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able
to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There’s something else about drinking and driving that
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger-- is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
4-4
.
c
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering
and
to do their work
the accelerator. All three systems have
at the placeswhere the tiresmeet the road.
Braking action involvesperception time and reaction
time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it, That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But
that’s only an average. Itmight be less with one driver
and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination,
and eyesight allplay a part. So do alcohol,drugs and
frustration. Buteven in 3/4 of a second, avehicle
moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That could be a lotof distance inan emergency, so
keeping enough space between your vehicle and others
is important.
And, of course, actualstopping distances vary greatly
with the surfaceof the road(whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; and the conditionof your brakes.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving
on snow or ice,it’s
easy to ask more of those control systemsthan the tires
and road can provide. Thatmeans you can lose control
of your vehicle.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Somepeople drive in
spurts -- heavy acceleration followedby heavy braking
-- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a
mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between
hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much faster if you
4-5
do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the
traffic and allow realistic following distances,you will
eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means
better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine everstops while you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the
pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But
you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is
used up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
Your Buick has an advanced electronic braking system
that will help prevent a braking skid,
Domestic
Canadian
ANTILOCK
This light on the instrument panel will come on briefly
when you start your vehicle.
When you start your vehicle, or when you begin to drive
away, you mayhear a momentary motor or clicking
noise. And you may even notice that your brake pedal
moves a little while this is going on. This is the ABS
system testing itself. If there’s a problem with the
anti-lock brake system, the anti-lock brake system
warning light will stay on or flash.
See “Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light” in the
Index.
4-6
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. Thecomputer is
programmed t o make the most of available tire and road
conditions.
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is wet.
You’re driving safely. Suddenly an animal jumps out in
front of you.
You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens with ABS.
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. I f one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will
separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at the
rear wheels.
You can steer around the obstacle while braking hard.
As you brake. your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
4-7
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need
to get your foot up to the brake pedal. If you get too
close tothe vehicle in front of you, you won’t have time
to apply your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or
stops. Always leave enough room up ahead to stop,even
though you have anti-lock brakes.
To Use Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down
and let anti-lock work for you. You may feel the system
working, or you may notice some noise, but this is
normal. When your anti-lock system is adjusting brake
pressure to help avoid a braking skid,
the LOW
TRACTION light will come on. See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Active Light” in the Index.
Braking in Emergencies
Use your anti-lock braking system when you need to.
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake atthe same
time. In many emergencies, steeringcan help you more
than even the very best braking.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves. The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going in the same direction.If you’ve ever
tried to steer avehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires andthe road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed.While you’re
in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.
4-8
Suppose you’re steeringthrough a sharp curve.Then
you suddenly accelerate. Both control systems -steering and acceleration -- have to do their work where
the tires meet the road. Adding the sudden acceleration
can demand too much of those places. You can lose
control.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle
they way you want it
to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are
based on good weather and road conditions. Under less
favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Steering in Emergencies
There are timeswhen steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and
find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You can
avoid theseproblems by braking -- if you can stop in
time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room. That’s
the time for evasive action -- steering around the
problem.
Your Buick can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes. (See “Braking in
Emergencies” earlier in this section.) It is better to
remove as much speed as you can from a possible
collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left or
right depending on the space available.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
4-9
Off-Road Recovery
You may find sometime that your right wheels have
dropped off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while
you're driving.
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer
so that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement.
You can turn the steering wheel up to 1/4 turn until the
right front tire contacts the pavement edge. Then turn
your steering wheel to go straight down the roadway.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o'clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steerquickly, and
just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations arealways
possible is a good reason to practice defensive drivingat
all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-10
Passing
The driver of a vehicle about to pass anotheron a
two-lane highway waits for just the
right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again.A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicleon a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupiesthe same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds.A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or abrief surrender to frustration or
anger can
suddenly put the passing driver faceto face with the
worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for
passing:
“Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides, and
to crossroads for situations thatmight affect your
passing patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever
about making a successful pass, wait for better
a
time.
Watch for traRic signs, pavement markings, and
lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might
indicate aturn or an intersection, delay your pass. A
broken center lineusually indicates it’s all right to
pass (providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross
a solid line on your side of the lane ora double solid
line, even if the road seems empty of approaching
traffic.
Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass
while you’re awaitingan opportunity. For one thing,
following too closelyreduces your area of vision,
especially if you’re following a largervehicle. Also,
you won’t have adequate spaceif the vehicle ahead
suddenly slows orstops. Keep back a reasonable
distance.
When it looks like achance to pass iscoming up,
start to accelerate butstay in the right lane and don’t
get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane.If the way is clear topass, you will have a
“running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to causeyou to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for anotheropportunity.
If other cars arelined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take carethat someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance overyour shoulder and check
the blind spot.
4-11
Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what
I~appenswhen the three control systems (brakes, steering
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the
tires meet the road to do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to steer
and constantly seek an escape route or area of less
danger.
Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on
two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the next
vehicle.
Skidding
Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not
“overdriving” those conditions. But skids are always
possible.
If you’re being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps yo11
can ease a little to the right.
4-12
I n a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
The three types of skids correspond to your Buick’s
three control systems. In the braking skid your wheels
aren‘t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and
lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid too
much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the
vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your
vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a
second skid if it occurs.
Driving at Night
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel, or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to these
conditions. It isimportant to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration, or
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower
gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide.
You may not realize the surface is slippery until your
vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning clues -such as enough water, ice or packed snow on the road to
make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow down when you
have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (AB’S) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
Night driving is more dangerousthan day driving. One
reason is that some drivers are likely to be impaired
-- by
alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems,or by fatigue.
Here are some tips on night driving.
Drive defensively.
0
Don’t drink and drive.
4-13
0
Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
qlare from headlamps behind you.
c
0
Since you can’t see as well, you may need to slow
down and keep more space between you and other
vehicles.
0
Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
0
In remote areas, watch for animals.
0
Tf you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place and
rest.
Night Vision
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as
we get older thesedifferences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twice as much light to see the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes will
have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot
of things invisible.
4-14
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching lights. It
can take a second or two, or even several seconds, for
your eyes to readjust to the dark. When you are faced
with severe glare ( a s from a driver who doesn’t lower
the high beams, or a vehicle with Inisaimed headlamps),
slow down a little. Avoid staring directly into the
approaching lights.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Justas your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness -- the inability to see in din1 light -- and aren’t
even aware of it.
And, if your tires don’t have much tread left,
you’ll get
even less traction.It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier therain, the hprder it isto see. Even if your
a heavy rain
windshield wiper blades are in good shape,
can make it harder to seeroad signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edgeof the road,and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keepyour wiping equipment ingood shape
and keep your windshield washer tank filled. Replace
your windshield wiper inserts whenthey show signs of
streaking or missing areas
on the windshield, or when
strips of rubber start to separate
fmm the inserts.
Rain and wet roads canmean driving trouble. On a wet
road you can’t stop, accelerate or turn
as well because
your tire-to-road tractim jm’tas good as on dry roads.
4-15
Hydroplaning
Driving too fast through
large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try to slow down beforeyou hit them.
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually rideon the water.
This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or
no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your
tires haven’t much tread or if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles, or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard and fast rule abouthydroplaning. The
best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
City Driving
Turn on your low-beam headlamps -- not just your
parking lamps -- to help make you more visible to
others.
0
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially carefulwhen you pass
another vehicle.Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See
“Tires” in the Index.)
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for
what the 0the.rdrivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
4-17
Here are ways to increaseyour safety in city driving:
Freeway Driving
Know the best way to get to where you are going.
Get a city map and plan your trip intoan unknown
part of the city just as you would for across-country
trip.
Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most
large cities. You’ll save time and energy. (See the
next part, “Freeway Driving.”)
0
Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic light
is there because the corner is busy enough to need it.
When a light turns green, and just before you start to
move, check both ways for vehicles that have not
cleared the intersection or may be running the red
light.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes, or superhighways) are the safest
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same
speed most of the other drivers aredriving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
4-18
At the entrance there isusually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entranceramp, you should begin to
check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to
the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check
your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay
in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glancequickly over your
shoulder tomake sure there isn’t another vehicle in your
“blind’’ spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance.Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted.
Reduce your speed according toyour speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving forany distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you’reready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you’re not fresh -- such as after aday’s
work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that first part
of the journey. Wear comfortable clothingand shoes you
can easily drivein.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out.Of course,
you’ll find experienced and able service expertsin
Buick dealers all across North America. They’ll be
ready and willing to help if you need it.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper
lane well in advance. If you miss your exit do not, under
any circumstances, stopand back up. Drive on to the
next exit.
4-19
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
0
Windshield Wusher Fluid: Is the reservoir full? Are
all windows clean inside and outside?
0
Wiper Blades:Are they in good shape?
0
Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
0
Lumps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
0
Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
recommended pressure?
0
Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook
along your route‘?Should you delay your trip a short
time to avoid a major storm system?
0
Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Highway Hypnosis
Is there actually such a condition as “highway
hypnosis”? Or isit just plain falling asleepat the wheel?
Call it highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or
whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the wind
against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t let it
happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave the
road in less than Q second, and you could crash and be
injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis‘?First, be
aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
0
Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to
the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service,
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as
an emergency.
4-20
Hill and Mountain Roads
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there, here aresome tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system and
transaxle. Theseparts can work hard on mountain
roads.
Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: letyour engine do someof the
slowing down. Shift to a lower
gear when you go
down a steep or long hill.
Driving on steep hills ormountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
4-21
Winter Driving
0
Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down
to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine
and transaxle, and you can climb thehill better.
0
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don'tswing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
0
As you go overthe top of a hill, be alert. There could
be something in your lane, like a stalled car or an
accident.
0
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn
of special problems. Examples are long grades,
passing or no-passing zones, a fallingrocks area, or
winding roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate
action.
4-22
Here are some tips for winter driving:
Have your Buick in good shape for winter. Be sure
your engine coolant mix is correct.
0
You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the
road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tiresand the
road, you can have a very slippery situation. You'll have a
lot less traction or "grip" and will need to be very careful.
Include an ice scraper. a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, ared cloth, and a
c.ouple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will
be driving under severe conditions, include asmall bag
of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure
these items i n your vehicle.
What's the worst time for this? "Wet ice." Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
4-23
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer the
least traction of all. You can get “wet ice” when it’s
about freezing (32°F; 0”C) and freezing rain begins to
fall. Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand
crews can get there.
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow -- drive with caution. Accelerate gently.
Try not to break the fragile traction. If you accelerate
too fast,the drive wheels will spin and polish the surface
under the tires even more.
Your anti-lock brakes improve your ability to make a
hard stop on a slippery road. Even though you have the
anti-lock braking system, you’ll want to begin stopping
sooner than you would on dry pavement. See
“Anti-Lock” in the Index.
Allow greater following distanceon any slippery road.
Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an
otherwise clearroad, ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings, orunder bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curveor an overpass may
remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If
you see apatch of ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually on
the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
things to do to summon help and keep yourself and your
passengers safe: Turn on your hazard flashers. Tie a red
cloth to your vehicle to alert police that you’ve been
stopped by the snow. Put on extra clothing or wrap a
blanket around you. If you have no blankets or extra
clothing, make body insulators from newspapers, burlap
bags, rags, floor mats -- anything you can wrap around
yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
I
I
4-25
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster
than just idle. That is,push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuel for the
heat that you get and it keeps the
battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to
restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on
with your headlamps. Let the heater run for awhile.
Loading Your Vehicle
FRT.
TIRE-LOADING INFORMATION
VEHICLE CAP. WT.
CTR. RR.
TOTAL LBS.
MAX. LOADING & GVWR SAME AS VEHICLE
CAPACITY WEIGHT
XXX
COLD
TIRE
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost PRESSURE
SPEED
SIZE TIRE
all the way to preservethe heat. Start the engine
again
RTG
PSI!KPa
FRT.
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
RR.
from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the
SPA.
fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get
IF TIRES ARE HOT, ADD 4PSIi28KPa
out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
SEE OWNER'S MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL
, INFORMATION
every half hour or so until help comes.
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it
may properly carry. The Tire-Loading Information label
found on the rear edge of the driver's door tells you the
proper size, speed rating and recommended inflation
pressures for the tires on your vehicle. It also gives you
important information about the number of people that
can be in your vehicle and the total weight that you can
carry. This weight is called the Vehicle Capacity Weight
and includes the weight of all occupants, cargo, and all
nonfactory-installed options.
4-26
MFD BY GENERAL MOTORS CORP
DATE GVWR GAWR
FRT
GAWR RR
And, if you do have aheavy load, you should spread it
out. Don’t cawy more than 160 (72 kg) in the sedan
trunk or 300 pounds (136 kg) in the six
passengerwagon reararea.
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE U.S. FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE
SAFETY, BUMPER, AND THEFT PREVENTION
STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE DATE OF
MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
The other label, is the Certification label,
found on the
rear edge of the driver’sdoor. It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle, called the GVWR
(Gross Vehicle WeightRating). The GVWR includes the
and cargo.
weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel
Never exceed theGVWR for your vehicle, or theGross
or
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for either the front rear
axle.
If you put things inside your vehicle--like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else--they will goas fast as
the vehicle goes.If you have to stopor turn quickly, or
if there is a crash, they’llkeep going.
4-27
Towing a Trailer
NOTICE:
Pulling a trailer improperly can damage your
vehicle and result in costly repairs not covered by
your warranty.To pull a trailer correctly, follow
the advice in this part, and see your Buick dealer
for important information about towing a trailer
with your vehicle.
4-28
Do not tow a trailer if your vehicle is equipped with a
2.2 L (VIN Code 4) engine.
Your car can tow a trailer if it is equipped with the
3100 V6 (VIN Code M) engine and proper trailer towing
equipment, To identifj what the vehicle trailering capacity
is for your vehicle, you should read the information in
“Weight of the Trailer” that appears laterin this section.
But trailering is different than
just driving your vehicleby
itself. Trailering means changesin handling, durability, and
fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes correct
equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tipsand safety rules.
Many of these are important foryour safety and that of
your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies, and tires are forced to work harder
against the drag of the added weight. The engine is
required to operate at relatively higher speedsand under
greater loads, generating extraheat. What’s more, the
trailer adds considerablyto wind resistance, increasing
the pulling requirements.
If You Do DecideTo Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points.
0
There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but
also where you’ll be driving. A good source forthis
information can be state orprovincial police.
0
Consider using a sway control if your trailer will
weigh 2,000 pounds (900 kg) or less.You should
always use a sway control if your trailer will weigh
more than 2,000 pounds (900 kg).
Consider using a sway control.
You can ask a hitch dealer about sway controls.
0
Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first I000 miles
( I 600 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or otherparts could be damaged.
0
Then, during the frrst 500 miles (800 km) that you tow
a trailer, don’t drive over50 mph (80 km/h)
and don’t
make starts at full throttle. This helps your engine and
other parts of your vehicle wear in at the heavier loads.
0
Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don’t drive fasterthan the maximum posted speed
for trailers (or no more than 55 mph (90 k d h ) ) to
save wear on your vehicle’s parts.
4-29
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
Weight of the nailer
Your vehicle can tow normally up to 1,000 pounds
(450kg). If your vehicle has a 3 100 V6 engine with a
four-speed automatic transaxle and is equipped with the
optional heavy-duty engine cooling system, it can tow
up to 2,000 pounds (900 kg).
curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you may carry in
it, and the people who will be riding in the vehicle. And
if you will tow a trailer, you must subtract the tongue
load from your vehicle’s capacity weight because your
vehicle will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading
Your Vehicle’’ in the Index for more information about
your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull a
trailer are all important. And, it can also depend on any
special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
You can ask your dealer forour trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at Buick Motor Division,
Customer Assistance Center, 902 E. Hamilton Ave.,
Flint, MI 48550.
In Canada, write to General Motors of Canada Limited,
Customer Assistance Center, 1908 Colonel Sam Drive.
Oshawa, Ontario L 1H 8P7.
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total capacity
weight of your vehicle. The capacityweight includes the
4-30
A
B
If you’re using a “dead-weight” hitch, the trailer tongue (A)
should weigh 10% of the total loaded trailer weight (B). If
you have a “weight-distributing” hitch, the trailer tongue
(A) should weigh 12% of the total loaded tmiler weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailerand
then the tongue, separately, to seeif the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right
simply by moving some itemsaround in thetrailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the recommended
pressure for cold tires.You’ll find these numbers on the
driver’s ddor or
Certification label at the rear edge of the
see “Loading Your Vehicle’’ in the Index. Then&‘sure you
don’t go over theGVW limit for your vehicle, including the
weight of the trailer tongue.
0
The bumpers on your vehicle are not intended, for
hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or
other
bumper-type’hitches tothem. Use only a
frame-mounted hitch-thatdoes not attach to the
bumper.
Safety Chains
You should always attach chains between your vehicle..
and your trailer. Cross thes,afety chains under thetongue
of the trailerso that the tonguewill not drop tothe road
if it becomes separated from’thehitch. Instructions
about,safety ‘chainsmay be provided by the hitch ,:”
manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendation. forattaching safety
chains and do notattach them to thebumper. Always
leave justenough slack so you can turn with your rig.
And, never allow safety chains to dragon the ground.
,.
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, largetrucks going by, and rough roadsare a
few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Here
are
some rules to follow:
Will you have to make any holes in the body of your
If you do,
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch?
then be sure to seal the holes later
when you remove
the hitch.If you don’t seal them, deadlycarbon
monoxide (CO) from your exhaust canget into your
vehicle (see“Carbon Monoxide” in the Index). Dirt
and water can, too.
Trailer Brakes
Does your trailer have its own.brakes? Be sure to
read
and follow the instructions for the trailer
brakes so
you’ll be able to install, adjust
and maintain them
properly. Because you have anti-lock brakes, do
not try
to tap intoyour vehicle’s brake system. If you do, both
brake systems won’t work well, or at all.
.I
?!:.^
1
Driving with a Trailer
Following Distance
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out forthe open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as you
would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This
can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking
and sudden turns.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes
are still working.
4-32
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re agood deal
longer, you‘ll need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if
possible, have someone guide you.
Making Turns
r
1
NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailer to come in contact with
the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns than
normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft shoulders.
curbs, road signs, trees, or other objects. Avoid jerky or
sudden maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle has to have a
different turn signal flasher and extra wiring. Thegreen
arrows on your instrument panel will flash whenever
you signal a turn or lane change.Properly hooked up,
the trai1e.r lamps will also flash,telling other drivers
you’re about to turn, change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the green arrows on your
instrument panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on
the trailer are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers
behind you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s
important to check occasio~~ally
to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear bqfbre you start
down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce your
speed to around 45 mph (70 km/h) to reduce the
possibility of engine and transaxle overheating.
If you are towing a trailer that weighs more than
1,000 pounds (450 kg) and you have an automatic
transaxle with Overdrive, you may prefer to drive in
“D” instead of Overdrive. An overdrive transmission
is required if towing a trailer more than 1,000 pounds
(450 kg).
4-33
Parking on Hills
You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer
at.tached,on a hill. If something goes wrong, your rig
could start to move. People can be injured, and both
your vehicle and the trailer can be damaged.
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on aHill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
Start your engine:
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
I . Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then, apply your
parking brake, and then shift to PARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
Shift into a gear; and
0
Release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
Maintenance When TrailerTowing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for more
on this. Things that are especially importantin trailer
operation are automatic transaxle fluid (don’t overfill),
engine oil, belt, cooling system, and brake adjustment.
Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index will
help you find them quickly. If you’re trailering, it’s a good
idea to review these sections before you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and boltsare tight.
Section 3 Problems on the Road
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that
can occur on the road.
Hazard Warning Flashers
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front and
rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
Press the button in to make your front and rear turn
signal lamps flash o n and off.
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your key is in and even if the key isn’t in.
To turn off the flashers, pull out on the collar. When the
hazard warning flashers are on,your turn signals won’t
work.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind your
vehicle.
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some.jumper cables to start your
Buick. But please follow the steps to do it safely.
~
NOTICE:
Ignoring these steps could result in costly damage
to your vehicle that wouldn’t be covered
by your
warranty.
Trying to start your Buick by pushing or pulling
it won’t work, and itcould damage your vehicle.
5-2
To Jump Start Your Buick:
I NOTICE:
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
1 tery with a negal’ :ground system.
NOTICE:
1
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a
negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged.
If you leave your radio on, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’tbe covered by
your warranty.
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause aground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to
start your Buick, and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Turn off all
lights that aren’t needed, and radios. This will avoid
sparks and help save both batteries. And it could
save your radio!
Find the positive (+) and negative (-) terminals on
each battery.
5-3
5-4
.
7. Don’t let the other endtouch metal. Connect it tothe
positive (+) terminal of the good battery.
8. Now connect the black negative (-) cable to the good
;,
.
battery’s negative (-) terminal.
Don’t let the other end touch
anything until the next
step. The otherend of the negative cabledoesn’t go
to the dead battery. It goes to a heavy unpainted
metal parton the engine of the vehicle with the dead
battery.
9. Attach the cable at least 18 inches (45 cm) away
from the deadbattery, but not near engine parts that
-6. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive(+)
move. The electrical connection is just as good there,
but the chanceof sparks gettingback to thebattery is
much less.
terminal of the vehicle with the dead batterv.
5-5
10.Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for awhile.
11. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery. If it
won’t start after a few tries, it probably needs
service.
12. Remove the cables in reverse order to prevent
electrical shorting. Tdke care that they don’t touch
each other orany other metal.
5-6
Remove cables in this order:
A. Heavy Metal Engine Part
B. Good Battery
C . Dead Battery
Towing Your Buick
If your vehicle has been changed or modified since it
was factory-new by adding aftermarket items like fog
lamps, aero skirting, orspecial tires and wheels, these
instructions and illustrations may not be correct.
Before you do anything, turn on the hazard warning
flashers.
When you call, tell the towing service:
0
That your vehicle has front-wheel drive.
0
The make, model, and year of your vehicle.
0
Whether you can still move the shift lever.
0
If there was an accident, what was damaged.
When the towing service arrives,let the tow operator
know that this manual contains detailed towing
instructions and illustrations. The operator may want to
see them.
Try to have a GM dealer or a professionaltowing
service tow your Buick. The usual towing equipment is
a sling-type (A) or a wheel-lift (B) or car carrier(,C)
tow truck.
5-7
When your vehicle is being towed, have the ignition key
off. The steering wheel should be clamped in a
straight-ahead position, with a clamping device
designed for towing service. Do not use the vehicle’s
steering column lock for this. The transaxle should be in
Neutral and the parking brake released.
Don’t have your vehicle towed on the front wheels,
unless you must. If the vehicle must be towed on the
front wheels, don ’t go more than 35 mph (56 k d h ) or
further that?50 miles (80 km), or your transaxle will be
damaged. If these limits must be exceeded, then the
front wheels have to be supported on a dolly.
5-8
Front Towing Hookups
Before hooking up to a tow truck, be sure to read all the
information in “Towing Your Buick” earlier i n this part.
1. Attach T-hook chains behind the t’ront wheels into
the bottom of the floor pan on both sides.
2. Position a 4" x 4" wood beam across sling chains
with spacer blocks contacting the forward extensions
of the engine cradle.
5-10
3. Position the lower sling crossbar halfway between
the timber and the lower edge of the fascia.
Rear Towing Hookups
Before hooking up to a tow truck, be sure to read all the
information in “Towing Your Buick” earlier in this part.
1
4. Attach a separate safety chain around the outboard
end of each lower control arm.
I
1. Attach T-hook chains on both sides in the slotted
holes in the tloor pan just ahead of the rear wheels.
-
5-11
I
2. Position the lower sling crossbar directly under the
rear bumper.
3. Attach a separate safety chain to each side of the axle
inboard of the spring.
4. Be certain your vehicle is towed no faster than
35 mph (56 k d h ) and no farther than SO miles
(SO km) to avoid damage to your transaxle.
5-12
Engine Overheating
You will find a coolant temperature gageor the warning
light about ahot engine on your Buick’s instrument
panel.
1 NOTICE:
If your engine catches fire because you keep
driving with no coolant, your vehicle can
be
badly damaged. Thecostly repairs would notbe
covered by your warranty.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
If you get the overheat warning but see orhear no
steam, the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes
the engine can get a little toohot when you:
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high speed driving.
0
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
5-13
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
2.2L L4 Cooling System
I . Turn off your air conditioner.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the window as necessary.
3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving -- AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (@)or
DRIVE (D).
If you no longer have the overheatwarning, you can
drive. Justto be safe, drive slower forabout ten minutes.
If the warning doesn’t come back on, you can drive
normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, you can idle the engine
for two or three minutes while you’re parked, to see if
the warning stops. But then, if you still have the
warning, turn off the engine and get everyone out ofthe
vehicle until it cools down.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
5-14
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
A. Coolant recovery tank
B. Radiator pressure cap
C . Electric engine fan
3100 V6 Cooling System
A. Coolant recovery tank
B. Radiator pressure cap
C. Electric engine fan
5-15
2.2L L4 Engine
3100 EngiIle
The coolant level should be at the FULL HOT mark. If
it isn’t, you may have a leak in the radiator hoses, heater
hoses, radiator, water pump or somewhere else in the
cooling system.
5-16
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Recovery Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, butthe coolant level
isn’t at ADD, add a 50/50 mixture of clean water
(preferably distilled) and a proper antifreezeat the coolant
recovery tank. (See “Engine Coolant” inthe Index for
more information about the proper coolant
mix.)
NOTICE:
Engine damage from runningp u r engine
without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on,check to
see if the electric enginefan is running. If the engine is
overheating, both fan(s) shouldbe running. If it isn’t,
your vehicle needs service.
5-17
I NOTICE:
In cold weather, watercan beeze and crack the
engine, radiator?heater core and other parts. Use
the recommendedcoolant.
When the coolant in the coolantrecovery tank is at the
FULL HOT, start your vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues, there's one more
thing you can try. You can add the proper coolant mix
directly to the radiator, but be sure the coolingsystem is
cool before you do it.
5-18
5-19
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator
NOTICE:
Your engine hasa specific radiator fill procedure.
Failure to followthis procedure could cause your
engine to overheat and be severely damaged.
P 4-
1. You can remove
the radiator
pressure cap when
the cooling system,
including the
radiator pressure
cap and upper
radiator hose, is no
longer hot.
Turn the pressure capslowly to the left until it first stops.
(Don’t press down whileturning the pressure cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
5-20
2. Then keep turning
the pressure cap,
but now push down
as you turn it.
Remove the
pressure cap.
2.2 L Engine
3100 Engine
The 2.2L (VIN Code 4) has one bleed valve located at
the thermostat housing.
3.1 L V6 (VTN Code M): There are two bleed valves.
One is located on the thermostat housing. The other is
located on the thermostat bypass tube.
5-21
3. Fill the radiator with the proper mix, up to the base
of the filler neck.
If you see a stream of coolant coming from an air
bleed valve, close the valve. Otherwise, closethe
valves after the radiator is filled.
4. Rinse or wipe any spilled coolant from the engine
and compartment.
5-22
5. Then fill the coolant recovery tank to the FULL
HOT mark.
P
6. Put the cap back on the coolant recovery tank, but
leave the radiator pressure cap off.
7. Start the engine and let it run until you can feel the
upper radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the
engine fan.
8. By this time the coolant level inside the r d'
a iator
filler neck may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper mix through the filler neck until
the level reaches the base of the filler neck.
5-23
If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are afew
tips about what to expect and what to do:
9. Then replace the pressure cap. At any time during
this procedure if coolant begins to flow out of the
filler neck, reinstall the pressure cap. Be sure the
arrows on the pressure cap line up like this.
10.Check the coolant in the recovery tank. The level in
the coolant recovery tank should be at the HOT mark
when the engine is hot or at the COLD mark when
the engine is cold.
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a dragthat
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer tomaintain lane position, then gently brake to a
stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use in a
skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but youcan still steer. Gently
brake to a stop, well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flattire safely.
5-24
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
Some steps apply to all models, others to justthe Sedan
or Wagon models. Follow the steps listed for your
vehicle.
5-25
Sedan
3. Lift off the jack and remove the spare tire.
The equipment you’ll need is stored in the trunk.
1 . Pull the carpeting from the floor of the trunk.
2. Turn the center retainer bolt on the compact spare
tire housing counterclockwise toremove it, then lift
the tire cover.
5-26
4. Remove the wheel wrench from the bag.
Wagon
The equipment you’ll need is stored in the rear of your
vehicle.
1. Fold down the third sealt, if so equipped. Then
remove the housing that covers the spare tireby
carefully pushing in on the top edge of the cover and
pulling it away from the vehicle. Then lift up.
4. Turn the two wing nuts counterclockwise and
remove the jack retainer plate. Then pull out the jack
and wheel wrench.
2. Remove the wing nut from the center of the spare
tire and remove the adapter.
3. Remove the spare tire.
5-27
Standard Wheel Cover
You will be using the flat end of the wheel wrench to
remove the wheel cover. Pry along the edge of the
wheel cover until it comes off.
Wire Wheel Cover
Removing the wire wheel cover requires this wire wheel
key wrench.
A. Put the flat end into the notch and carefully pry
the small center cover off.
5-28
-
-,)yi
-'I
L:
A
B. Remove the theft deterrent wheel nut by placing
the key end of the wire wheel wrench over the nut
and turning it to the left. Pull off the wire wheel
cover.
C. Next, attach the wheel wrench to the bolt on the
end of the jack. Raise the jack a little by rotating
the wheel wrench clockwise (to the right).
5. Using the wheel wrench, loosen all the wheel nuts.
Don't renlove them yet.
6. Position the jack under the vehicle nearest the tire to be
changed. Thejack location should be approximately
five inches (1 2.7 cm) from the wheel well.
I
I
Getting undera vehicle when it is jacked
up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slipsoff the jack, you
could be badly injured or killed. Never
get under
a vehicle whenit is supported mly by a jack.
5-29
Wagon
NOTICE:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned will damage the vehicle or may allow
the vehicle to fall off the jack. Be sure to
fit the
jack lift head into the proper location before
raising your vehicle.
Sedan
7. Raise the vehicle by rotating the wheel wrench
clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough off the
ground for the spare tire to fit.
8. Then remove all the wheel nuts and take off the flat
tire.
5-30
9. Place the spare on the wheel mounting surface.
10. Replace the wheel nuts with the rounded end of the
nuts toward the wheel. Tighten each nut by hand
until the wheel is held against thehub.
Remove any rust or dirt from the wheel bolts, mounting
surfaces and spare wheel. Place the spareon the wheel
mounting surface.
5-31
12. Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a criss-cross
sequence as shown.
Don’t try to put a wheel cover on your compact spare
tire. It won’t fit. Storethe wheel cover in the trunk or, if
you have the wagon, in the rear cargo area, until you
have the flat tire repaired or replaced.
NOTICE:
Wheel covers won’t fiton your compact spare.If
you try to puta wheel cover on your compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.
5-32
-
..
Sedan (Securing the Flat Tire)
EPLT
1. Place the flat tire, air valve up, in the tire storage
area.
2. Remove the extensionbolt from the jacking tools
bag. Secure the tire by inserting and tightening the
extension bolt through the centerof the tire into the
storage areafloor.
3. Place the spare tirecover on the storagearea, with
the jack face down over the holein the centerof the
board.
bolt through the jackand
4. Insert the center retainer
secure it by turning the bolt clockwise.
The cover will not fit flush when a flat tireis stored in
this location.
5-33
Wagon (Securing the Flat Tire)
The cover will not fit when a flat tireis stored in this
location.
WHEEL WRENCI.
FULL SIZE FLAT
\
1. Store the wheel well cover in the floor compartment.
2. Remove the tire retaining bolt from under the jack
and position it in the slot above the jack.
3. With the air valve facing you, place the flat tire in
the storage area.
4. Insert the bolt through the top wheel stud hole in the
wheel.
5. Place the spacer overthe bolt and tighten the wing
nut.
USE TOP HOLE WITH VALVE STEM OUTBOARI
FOR STORAGE OF FULL-SIZE FLAT
5-34
Wagon Spare Cover Replacement
Compact Spare Tire
To install the spare tirecover in your station wagon
when you are finished changing the tire:
Although the compact spare was fully inflated when
your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time. Check
the inflation pressure regularly. It should be 60 psi
(420 kPa). After installing the compact spare on your
vehicle, you should stop as soon as possible and make
sure your spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact
spare is made to perform well at posted speed limits for
distances up to 3,000 miles ( 5 000 km), so you can
finish your trip and have your full-size tire repaired or
replaced where you want. Of course, it’s best to replace
your spare with a full-size tire as soon as you can. Your
spare will last longer and be in good shape in case you
need it again.
1. Put the front lower corner of the cover into the floor
track. Overlap the lower rear edge of the front panel
one to two inches.
2. Slide the cover to the front; the tabs must go under
the rear edge.
3. Insert the front upper corner into the track, at the
bottom of the glass.
4. Adjust the position of the cover to fit overthe
weatherstrip. Push the panel down into the track in
the floor.
5 . Push the panel to lock it into the track of the molding
at the bottom of the glass.
~
NOTICE:
I Don’t take your compact spare through an
1 automatic car wash with guide rails. The
compact spare can get caught on the rails. That
can damage the tire and wheel, and maybe other
parts of your vehicle.
5-35
Don’t use your compact spare on some other vehicle.
And don’t mix your compact spare or wheel with other
wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare and its
wheel together.
NOTICE:
Tire chains won’tfit your compact spare. Using
them will damage your vehicle and destroy the
chains too. Don’t use tire chains on your compact
spare.
5-36
If You’re Stuck: InSand, Mud,Ice or
Snow
What you don’t want to do when your vehicle is stuck is
to spin your wheels too fast. The method known as
“rocking” can help you get out when you’re stuck, but
you must use caution.
I NOTICE:
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your
vehicle as well as the tires.If you spin the wheels
too fast while shifting your transaxle back and
forth, you can destroy your transaxle.
For information aboutusing tire chains on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains” in the Index.
Rocking your vehicle to get
it out:
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. Then shift back
and forth between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear,
spinning thewheels as little as possible. Release
the
accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly on
the accelerator pedal when the transaxle isin gear. If
that doesn’t get you out after afew tries, you may need
to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out, see
“Towing Your Car” in the Index.
5-37
NOTES
5-3s
Section o Service and Appearance Care
Here you will find information about the care of your
Buick. This section begins with service and fuel
information, and then it shows how to check important
fluid and lubricant levels. There is also technical
information about your vehicle, and a part devoted to its
appearance care.
Service
Your Buick dealer knows your vehicle best and wants
you to be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your
dealer for all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM
parts and GM-trained and supported service people.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Doing Your Own Service Work
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll
want to get the proper Buick Service Manual. It tells you
much more about how to service your Buick than this
manual can. To order the proper service manual, see
“Service Publications” in the Index.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Buick” in the Index.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Index.
6-1
Fuel
Use regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane or
higher. It should meet specifications ASTM D48 14 in
the United States and CGSB 3.5-92 in Canada. These
fuels should have the proper additives, so you should not
have to add anything to the fuel.
In the United States and Canada, it’s easy to be sure you
get the right kind of gasoline (unleaded). You’ll see
UNLEADED right on the pump. And only unleaded
nozzles will fit into your vehicle’s filler neck.
Be sure the posted octane is at least 87. If the octane is
less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking noise when
you drive. If it’s bad enough, it can damage your engine.
1 NOTICE:
If you try to do your own service work without
knowing enough about it, your vehicle could be
damaged.
6-2
I
If you’re using fuel rated at 87 octane orhigher and you
still hear heavy knocking, your engine needs service.
But don’t worry if you hear a little pinging noise when
you’re accelerating or drivingup a hill. That’s normal,
and you don’t have to buy a higher octane fuel to get rid
of pinging. It’s the heavy, constant knock that means
you have a problem.
What about gasoline with blending materials that
contain oxygen (oxygenates), such as MTBE or alcohol?
MTBE is “methyl tertiary-butyl ether.” Fuel that is no
more than 15% MTBE is fine foryour vehicle.
Ethanol is ethyl or grain alcohol. Properly-blended fuel
that is no more than 10% ethanoE is fine for your
vehicle.
Meth.ano1 is methyl or wood alcohol.
~
~
Fuel that is more than5% methanol is badfor
your vehicle. Don’t use it. It can corrode metal
parts in your fuel system and also damage plastic
and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t be
covered under your warranty. And even at
5% or
less, there must be “cosolvents” and corrosion
preventers in this fuel to help avoid these
problems.
Gasolines for Cleaner Air
Your use of gasoline with deposit control additives will
help prevent deposits from forrning in your engine and
fuel system. Thathelps keep your engine in tune and
your emission control system working properly. It’s
good for your vehicle, and you’ll be doing your part for
cleaner air.
Many gasolines arenow blended with oxygenates.
General Motors recommends that you use gasolines with
these blending materials, such as MTBE and ethanol. By
doing so, you can help clean the ah-, especially in those
parts of the country that have high carbon monoxide
levels.
In addition, some gasoline suppliersare now producing
reformulated gasolines. These gasolines arespecially
designed to reducevehicle emissions. General Motors
recommends that you use reformulated gasoline. By
doing so, you can help clean the air, especially in those
parts of the country that have high ozone levels.
You should ask your service station operators if their
gasolines contain depositcontrol additives and
oxygenates, and if they have been reformulated to
reduce vehicle emissions.
6-3
Fuels in Foreign Countries
Filling Your Tank
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
U.S. or Canada,unleaded fuel may be hard to find. Do
not use leaded gasoline.If you use even one tankful,
your emission controls won’t work well or at all. With
continuous use, spark plugs can get fouled, the exhaust
system can corrode, and your engine oil can deteriorate
quickly. Your vehicle’s oxygen sensor will be damaged.
All of that means costly repairs thatwouldn’t be covered
by your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact amajor oil companythat does business in the
country where you’ll be driving.
You can alsowrite us at the following address for
advice. Justtell us where you’re going and give your
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation,
North American Export Sales (NAES)
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H8P7
6-4
Fuel Capacity: 16.5 gallons (62.4L). Use unleaded fuel
only.
Be careful not to spill gasoline.Clean gasoline from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Buick” in the Index.
When you put the cap back on, turn it to the right until
you hear at least three clicks.
NOTICE:
The cap is behind a hinged door on the left side of your
vehicle.
To take off the cap, turn it slowly tothe left
(counterclockwise).
If you needa new cap, be sure to get the right
type. Your dealer can get one for
you. If you get
the wrong type, it may not fit or have proper
venting, and your fuel tank and emissions system
might be damaged.
6-5
Checking Things Under the Hood
Hood Release
To open the hood, first pull
the handle inside the
vehicle. It is located on the
lower left side of the
instrument panel.
a
I
Then go to the front of the vehicle and release the
secondary hood release.
Lift the hood.
6-6
Underhood Lamp
Your underhood lanlp is designed to come on whenever
you raise the hood, and either the parking lamps or
headlamps are on.
Engine Oil
It’s a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to getan accurate reading, the oil must
be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
Turn off the engine and give the oil a few minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual level.
To Check Engine Oil
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps areon
properly. Then just pull the hood down and close it
firmly.
6-7
3100 V6 Engine
2.2L L4 Engine
The 3 100 V6 engine oil dipstick is located near the front
and center of the engine compartment.
The 2.2L L4 engine oil dipstick is located in the fill cap
near the front and center of the engine compartment.
6-8
When to Add Oil
What Kind of Oil to Use
If the oil is at or
below the ADD line, then you’ll need
to add some oil. But you must use the right kind. This
part explainswhat kind of oil to use. For crankcase
capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications” in the
Index.
Oils of the proper quality foryour vehicle can be
identified by looking for the “Starburst” symbol. The
“Starburst” symbol indicates that the oil has been
certified by the American Petroleum Institute (API), and
is preferredfor use in your gasoline engine.
1 NOTICE:
Don’t addtoo much oil.If your engine hasso
much oil that the oil level gets above the
cross-hatched area that shows the proper
operating range, your engine could be damaged.
Just fill it enough to put the level somewhere in the
proper operating range.Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
If you change your own oil, be sure you use oil that has
the “Starburst” symbol on the front of the oil container.
If you have your oil changed for you, be sure the oil put
into your engine is American Petroleum Institute
certified for gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the following chart:
6-9
RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS
-
FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COLD STARTING, SELECTTHE LOWEST
SAE VISCOSITY GRADE OIL FOR THE EXPECTED TEMPERATURE RANGE.
LOOK
FOR MIS
SYMBOL
HOT
WEATHER
~
As shown in the chart, SAE SW-30 is best for your
vehicle. However, you can use SAE IOW-30 if it’s going
to be 0°F (-lS°C) or above. These numbers on an oil
container show its viscosity, or thickness. Do not use
other viscosity oils, such as SAE 2OW-SO.
NOTICE:
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
“Starburst” symbol. Failure to use the proper oil
can result in engine damage not covered by your
warranty.
GM Goodwrench@oil (in Canada, GM Engine Oil)
meets all the requirements for your vehicle.
Engine Oil Additives
5w-30
SAE
PREFERRED
Don’t add anything to your oil. Your Buick dealer is
ready t o advise if you think something should be added.
WEATHER
DO NOT USE SAE 2OW-50 OR ANY OTHER
GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED
6-10
When to Change Engine Oil
What to Do with UsedOil
See if any one of these is true for you:
Did you know that used engine oil contains certain
elements that may be unhealthy for your skin and could
even cause cancer?Don’t let used oil stay on your skin
for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw
away clothing or rags containingused engine oil. (See
the manufacturer’s warnings about the useand disposal
of oil products.)
0
Most trips are lessthan 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km).
This is particularly important when outside
temperatures arebelow freezing.
0
Most trips include extensive idling(such as frequent
driving in stop and go traffic).
0
Most trips are through dusty areas.
0
You frequently tow a trailer oruse a carrieron top of
your car.
If none of them is true, change the oil and filter every
7,500 miles ( 12 500 km) or 12 months -- whichever
comes first.
Used oil can be a real threat tothe environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drainall free-flowing oil
from the filter before disposal.Don’t ever disposeof oil
by putting it in the trash, pouring iton the ground, into
sewers, or into streams or bodiesof water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used oil. If
you have a problem properly disposing of your used oil,
ask your dealer, a servicestation or alocal recycling
center for help.
Engine Coolant Heater
Air Cleaner
An engine coolant heatercan be a big help if you have
to park outside in very cold weather, 0°F (- 18°C) or
colder. If your vehicle has this option, see“Engine
Coolant Heater” in the Index.
Your air cleaner is onthe driver’s sideof the engine
compartment.
If any one of these is true foryour vehicle, then you
need to change your oil and filter every 3,000 miles
( 5 000 km) or 3 months -- whichever comes first.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
replace the air filter.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services’’ in the Index.
6-11
I NOTICE:
If the air cleaneris off, a backfirecan cause a
damaging engine fire. And, dirt can easily get
into your engine, which will damage it. Always
have the air cleanerin place when you’re driving.
6-12
1. Use a screwdriver to loosen the hose clamp, then lift
the rubber duct.
2. Remove the wing nut and Dull off the cover.
3. Remove and replace the filter. Replace the cover,
wing nut and rubber duct.Tighten the hose clamp.
6-13
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
NOTICE:
When to Check and Change
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transaxle. Too much can mean that some of the
fluid could come out and fall on hot engine parts
or exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Be sure to
get an accurate reading you
if check your
transaxle fluid.
A good time to check your automatic transaxle fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed. Refer to the
Maintenance Schedule to determine when t o change
your fluid. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services’’ in the
Index.
How to Check
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may
choose to have this done at your Buick dealer Service
Department.
If you do it yourself, be sure tofollow all the
instructions here, or you could get a false reading on the
dipstick.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid level if you have been driving:
When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32°C).
At high speed for quite a while.
0
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which is 180°Fto 200°F (82°C
to 93°C).
6-14
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures areabove 50°F
(10°C). If it's colder than 50°F (IO'C), you may have
to drive longer.
Then, without shutting off the engine, followthese
steps:
3100 V6 Engine
To check the fluid level
0 Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the engine
running.
0
With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
0
With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gearrange, pausing forabout
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
0
Let the engine run at idle for three to five minutes.
The red handle dipstick on the four speed (4T60-E)
transaxle engine lookslike this.
6-15
2.2 L L4 Engine
4T60-E Transaxle
3T40 Transaxle
n
The red handle dipstick on the three speed (3T40)
transaxle lookslike this.
1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or
paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the lower
level. The fluid level must be in the cross-hatched area.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
6-16
How to Add Fluid
Superlift Shock Absorbers (Option)
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transaxle fluid to use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants’’ in the Index.
If you have this option,you can level your vehicle for
different loads. Asyou need to, add air tothe rear shock
absorbers through the air vale, located
next to the fuel
filler capbehind the fuel fillerdoor. Always keep a
minimum pressure of 10- 15 psi (70- 105 kPa).
If the fluid level islow, add only enough of the proper
fluid tobring the level intothe cross-hatched area onthe
dipstick.
1 . Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole to bring it to theproper level. It doesn’t
take much fluid, generally less than a pint (OSL).
Don ’t overjiiZZ. We recommend you use only fluid
labeled DEXR0N’-111, because fluid with that label
is made especially foryour automatic transaxle.
Damage caused by fluid other thanDEXRON@-I11
is not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
After you load your vehicle,you can add pressure until
the rear getsback to itsnormal riding height, but don’t
go above 90 psi (620 Wa).
I NOTICE:
Do not use superlifts to raise your vehicle above
its normal riding height.You can damage your
superlifts or other parts
if you drive thatway for
long periods.
After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level its
described under “How to Check.”
When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
6-17
~
-.--
~ ~ . _ ~ _ _ _ . - - _=
-I
. __-
Engine Coolant
The following explainsyour cooling system and how to
add coolant when it islow. If youhave a problem with
engine overheating or if you need to addcoolant to your
radiator, see “Engine Overheating” inthe Index.
The proper coolant foryour Buick will:
Give freezing protection down to -34°F (-37°C) .
‘
Give boiling protection up to 262°F (128 “ C ) .
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights work as they should.
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean water (preferably
distilled) and one-half antifreeze that meets “GM
Specification 1825-M,” which won’t damage aluminum
parts. You can also use a recycled coolant conforming to
GM Specification 1825-M with a complete coolant flush
and refill. If you use thismixture, you don’t need to add
anything else.
6-18
NOTICE:
If you use an improper coolant mix, your engme
could overheat and be badly damaged. The
repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mix can freeze
and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and
other parts.
Adding Coolant
To Add Coolant
If you need more coolant, add theproper mix at the
coolant recovery tank.
If the coolantrecovery tank is completely empty, add
coolant to theradiator. (See “Engine Overheating” in the
Index.)
The coolant recovery tank is located on the passenger’s
side of the engine compartment.
To Check Coolant
When your engine is cold, the coolant level
should be at
ADD or a littlehigher. When your engine is warm, the
level shouldbe up to FULL HOT or a littlehigher.
6-19
Add coolant mix at the recovery tank, but be careful not
to spill it.
Thermostat
Engine coolant temperature is controlled by a thermostat
in the engine coolant system. The
thermostat slows the
flow of coolant through the radiator until the coolant
reaches a preset temperature.
When you replace your thermostat, an AC@thermostat
is recommended.
Power Steering Fluid
Radiator Pressure Cap
The power steering fluid reservoir is located on the
passenger’s side of the enginecompartment.
How To Check Power Steering Fluid
When the engine compartment is cool, unscrew the cap
and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag. Replace the cap
Your radiator cap isa 15 psi (105 kPa)
and completely tighten it. Then remove the cap again
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed to and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
prevent coolant loss and possible engine damage
The level should be at the C mark. Add enough fluid to
from overheating. Be sure the arrows on the cap bring the level up to the mark.
line up with the overflow tubeon the radiator
A fluid loss in this system could indicatea problem.
filler neck.
Have the system inspected and repaired.
NOTICE:
When you replace your radiator pressure cap,an AC@
cap is recommended.
6-20
3100 V6 Engine :Checking Power Steering Fluid
2.2L L4 Engine Checking Power Steering Fluid
T
L
What to Add
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule
to determine what
kind of fluid touse. See “Recommended Fluidsand
Lubricants” in the Index.
NOTICE:
When adding power steering fluid or making a
complete fluid change, always use the proper
fluid. Failureto use the proper fluid can cause
leaks and damage hoses and seals.
6-21
Windshield WasherFluid
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufdcturer‘s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperatLIre
may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has sufficient
protection against freezing.
The wagon rear washer fluid comes from the windshield
washer reservoir.
Open the cap labeled WASHER FLUID ONLY. Add
washer fluid until the tank is full,
NOTICE:
To Add
0
The windshield washer reservoir is located on the
passenger’s side of the engine compartment.
6-22
When using concentrated washer fluid,
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze
and damage your washer fluid tank and
other partsof the washer system.Also,
water doesn’t clean aswell as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only3/4 full
when it’s very cold. This allows for
expansion, which could damage the tankif
it is completelyfull.
Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your
windshield washer. It can damage your
washer system and paint.
Brakes
Brake Master Cylinder
Your brake master cylinder is here. It is filledwith
DOT-3 brake fluid.
There areonly two reasons why the brake fluid level
in
your master cylinder might go down. The firstis that the
brake fluid goes down to an acceptable level during
normal brake liningwear. When new linings are put in,
the fluid levelgoes back up. The other reasonis that
fluid is leaking outof the brake system.If it is,you
should have your brake system fixed, since a leak
means
that saoner or later your brakes won’t work well, or
won’t work at all. So, it isn’t agood idea to “top off”
your brake fluid. Adding brake fluid won’t correct a
leak. If you add fluid whenyour linings areworn, then
When your brake fluid falls to low
a level, your brake
warning light will comeon. See “Brake System Warning
Light” in the Index.
6-23
What to Add
Brake Wear
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid -- such as Delco Supreme 1 l @(GM Part No.
1052535). Use new brake fluid from a sealed container
only, and always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap
before removing it.
Your Buick has front disc brakes and rear drum brakes.
NOTICE:
0
0
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads are
worn and new pads are needed. The sound may come
and go or be heard all the time your vehicle is moving
(except when you are pushing on the brake pedal
firmly).
Don’t let someone put in the wrong kind
of
fluid. For example, justa few drops of
mineral-based oil, such as engine oil, in
your brake system can damage brake
system partsso badly that they’ll have to be
replaced.
so be careful
Brake fluid can damage paint,
not tospill brake fluid on your
vehicle. If
you do, wash itoff immediately. See
“Appearance Care” in the Index.
NOTICE:
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
6-24
Some driving conditions or climates
may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are firstapplied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Your rear drum brakes don't have wear indicators, but if
you ever hear a rear brake rubbing noise, have the rear
brake linings inspected. Also, the rear brake drums
should be removed and inspected each time the tires are
removed for rotation or changing. When you have the
front brakes replaced, havethe rear brakes inspected,
too.
Brake linings should always be replaced a s complete
axle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you apply the brakes moderately, with or
without the vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.
Replacing BrakeSystem Parts
The braking system on a modern vehicle is complex. Its
many parts have to be of top quality and work well
together if the vehicle is to have really good braking.
Vehicles we design and test have top-quality GM brake
parts in them, as your Buick does when it is new. When
you replace parts of your braking system -- for example,
when your brake linings wear down and you have to
have new ones put in -- be sure you get new genuine
GM replacement parts. If you don't, your brakes may no
longer work properly. For example, if sotneone puts in
brake linings that are wrong for your vehicle, the
balance between your front and rear brakes can change
-- for the worse. The braking performance you've come
to expect can change in many other ways if someone
puts in the wrong replacement brake parts.
Battery
Every new Buick has a Delco Freedom" battery. You
never have to add water to one of these. When it's time
for a new battery, we recommend a Delco Freedom"
battery. Get one that has the replacement number shown
on the original battery's label.
.
-
.
6-25
Vehicle Storage
If you're not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days or
more, take off the black, negative (-) cable from the
battery. This will help keep your battery from running
down.
.:
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods.
6-26
Halogen Bulbs
Headlamp Bulb Replacement
To replace the bulb
assembly:
1. Snap a new bulb into the wiring harness (A). Make
sure the locking tab (B) is over the lock (C).
2. Install the bulb assembly by putting the small tab (D)
in the small notch in the retainerring (E).
For the type of bulb, see theIndex under “Replacement
Bulbs.”
3. Turn the bulb assembly 1/6 turn clockwise to lock it
in place.
1. Turn the bulb assembly counterclockwise 1/6 turn,
pressing in firmly, until the flanges align with the
slots in the retainer ring.
2. Pull out the bulb assembly.
3. Disconnect the bulb base from the wiring harness by
lifting the plastic locking tab.
6-27
Front Turn andParking Bulb and/or Side
Marker Bulb Replacement
4. The bulb assembly is now loose. Pull it forward until
the bulb assembly can be reached.
1. Raise the hood.
2. Insert a screwdriver into the loop of the spring,
which can be seen just behind the bulb assembly.
3. Pull the spring to the rear and slightly toward the
outside of the car until the detent releases from the
notch in the headlight mounting frame.
6-28
.*...-...i..
"
.
To replace the turn/park bulb:
To replace the side marker bulb:
1. Rotate the bulb socket housing 1/4 turn
counterclockwise.
1. Remove the socket by turning it counterclockwise
and pulling it straight out.
2. Push in and turn the bulb counterclockwise to
remove it.
2: "'Remove the bulb by pulling it straight out of the
socket.
3. Put in the new bulb and turn it clockwise.
3. Insert the new bulb by pressing it straight into the
socket.
I q . "
4. Snap the wire connector onto the bulb assembly.
r
.
..
.
4. Insert the socket by pressing it straight into the bulb
hole and turning it clockwise.
To reinstall the lamp:
1. Guide the latch spring
through the opening in
the metal inner panel.
6-29
2. Engage the two blades on the lamp into the slots on
the headlamp while engaging the two pins at the rear
of the lamp openings into the sockets on the rear of
the lamp.The lamp is now in place.
Taillight Bulb Replacement (Wagon)
3. Insert a screwdriver into the loop on the latch spring.
Pull the spring to the rear and slightly center of the
vehicle until the detent engages into the notch.
Taillight Bulb Replacement (Sedan)
For the type of bulb, see theIndex under “Replacement
Bulbs.”
Replacing bulbs in the taillight housing is very difficult,
and we recommend that you see your dealer when you
need a bulb replaced.
For the type of bulb, see theIndex under “Replacement
Bulbs.”
1. Open the liftgate.
2. Remove the three Phillips head screws.
3. Pull the taillight housing away from the body of the
vehicle.
Windshield WiperBlade Replacement
4. Press the bulb housing release lever and turn the
housing 1/6 turn counterclockwise to remove it.
5. To remove the bulb, push in and rotate it
counterclockwise.
6. Reverse all steps to reassemble the taillight.
Replacement blades come in different types and are
removed i n different ways. Here’s how to remove the
type with a spring release:
1. Pull the windshield wiper arm away from the
windshield.
2. Press down on the spring with a screwdriver and pull
the blade assembly off the wiper arm.
3. Push the new wiper blade securely onto the wiper
arm.
6-31
Tires
Inflation - Tire Pressure
The Tire-Loading Information label which is on the rear
edge of the driver’s door shows the correct inflation
pressures for your tires, when they’re cold. “Cold”
means your vehicle has been sitting for at least three
hours or driven no more than a mile.
NOTICE:
Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation
or
overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation) you can
get:
Too much flexing
Too muchheat
Tireoverloading
Badwear
Badhandling
Bad fuel economy.
NOTICE: (Continued)
6-32
NOTICE: (Continued)
If your tires have too much air (overinflation),
you can get:
0 Unusualwear
0 Badhandling
Roughride
0 Needless damage from road hazards.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more.
Don‘t forget your compact spare tire. It should be at
60 psi (420 kPa).
Tire Inspectionand Rotation
Tires should be inspected every 6,000 to 8,000 miles
( 10 000 to 13 000 km) for any signs of unusual wear. If
unusual wear is present, rotate your tires as soon as
possible and check wheel alignment. Also check for
damaged tires or wheels. See “When it’s Time for New
Tires” and “Wheel Replacement’’ later in this section for
more information.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires o n the vehicle. The first
rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services’’ in the Index for scheduled
rotation intervals.
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. Simply looking at the tires will not tell you the
pressure, especially if you have radial tires -- which
may look properly inflated even if they’re underinflated.
I f your tires have valve caps, be sure to put them back
on. They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and
moisture.
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
6-33
Don’t include the compact spare tirein your tire
rotation.
When it’s Timefor New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires have
only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or
less of tread remaining.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label. Make certain that all wheel nuts are
properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” in the
Index.
You need a new tire if
You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
0
You can see cord or fabric showing through the tire’s
rubber.
The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
0
6-34
The tire has a puncture, cut, or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size orlocation
of the damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Tire-Loading Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new a
Tire Performance Criteria Specification(TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way,
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling,
speed rating,
traction, ride and other things duringnormal service on
your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias.
bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course. For
example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and a half
( 1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends
upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and
may depart significantly from the norm due to variations
in driving habits, service practices and differences in
road characteristics and climate.
-
Traction A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are: A, B,
and C. They represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet
pavement as measured under controlled conditions on
specified government test surfices of asphalt and
concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction
performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire is based
on braking (straight-ahead) traction tests and does not
include cornering (turning) traction.
-
Temperature A, R, C
The temperature grades are A (the highest),B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of
6-36
heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and
excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire M u r e .
The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which a l l passenger car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109. Grades
B and A represent higher levels of performance on the
laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or i n combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
These grades are molded on the sidewalls of passenger
car tires.
While the tires available a s standard or optional
equipment on General Motors vehicles may vary with
respect to these grades, all such tires meet General
Motors performance standards and have been approved
for use on General Motors vehicles. All passenger type
(P Metric) tires must conform to Federal safety
requirements in addition to these grades.
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory
to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
In most cases, you will not need to haveyour wheels
aligned again. However, if you notice unusual tirewear
or your vehicle pulling oneway or the other, the
alignment may need to be reset.If you notice your
vehicle vibrating when driving
on a smooth road, your
wheels may need to be rebalanced.
Each new wheel should have the same load carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset, and be mounted the
same way as the one itreplaces.
If you need toreplace any of your wheels, wheel bolts,
or wheel nuts, replace themonly with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel nuts for your Buick
model.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, orbadly rusted
or corroded.If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
wheel bolts, and wheel nuts should be replaced.
If the
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). Seeyour
Buick dealerif any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know thekind of wheel you need.
6-37
NOTICE:
The wrongwheel can also cause problems with
bearing life, brake cooling,
speedometer/odometer calibration, headlamp
aim, bumper height,vehicle ground clearance,
and tire or tire chain clearance to body
the and
chassis.
Used Replacement Wheels
6-38
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
Use tire chainsonly where legal and only when
you must. Use only SAE Class “S’ type chains
that are the proper
size for your tires. Install
as
them on the front tires and tighten them
tightly as possible with the ends securely
fastened. Drive slowlyand follow the chain
manufacturer’s instructions. If you can hear the
chains contacting yourvehicle, stop and retighten
them. If the contact continues,slow down until it
or spinning thewheels
stops. Driving too fast
with chains onwill damage yourvehicle.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flame if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your
Buick, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaningthe inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
0
Gasoline
0
Benzene
Naphtha
Carbon Tetrachloride
0
Acetone
0
Paint Thinner
0
Turpentine
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
0
Alcohol
0
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Buick
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl or leather with a clean, damp cloth.
Your Buick dealer has two GM cleaners, a solvent-type
spot lifter and a foam-type powdered cleaner. They will
clean normal spots and stains very well. Do not use
them on vinyl or leather.
Here are some cleaning tips:
0
0
Lacquer Thinner
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous -- some more than others -and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
0
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean area
often. A soft brush may be used if stains are stubborn.
Use solvent-type cleaners in a well-ventilated area
only. If you use them, don’t saturatethe stained area.
If a ring forms after spot cleaning, clean the entire
area immediately or it will set.
6-39
Using Foam-Qpe Cleaner on Fabric
NOTICE:
0
Vacuum and brush the area toremove any loose dirt.
0
Always clean awhole trim panel or section. Mask
surrounding trim along stitch orwelt lines.
0
Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner followingthe
directions on the container label.
0
Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge.
0
Don’t saturate the material.
0
Don’t rub it roughly.
First, see if you have to use solvent-typecleaner at all.
Some spots and stains will clean off better with just
water and mild soap.
0
As soon as you’ve cleaned the section,use a sponge
If you need to use a solvent:
to remove the suds.
0
Gently scrape excess soil from the trim material with
a clean,dull knife or scraper. Use very little cleaner,
light pressure and clean cloths(preferably
cheesecloth). Cleaning should start at the outsideof
the stain, “feathering” toward the center. Keep
changing to a clean section of the cloth.
0
When you clean a stain from fabric,immediately dry
the area with a blow dryer to help prevent a cleaning
ring. (See the previous NOTICE.)
0
Rinse the section with a clean,wet sponge.
0
Wipe off what’s left with a slightly damp paper towel
or cloth.
0
Then dry it immediately with a blow dryer or aheat
lamp.
6-40
Be careful. A blow dryer may scorch thefabric.
0
Wipe with a clean cloth.
Using Solvent-‘Qpe Cleaner on Fabric
Special Cleaning Problems
0
Greasy or Oily Stains
Stains caused by grease, oil, butter, margarine, shoe
polish, coffee with cream, chewing gum, cosmetic
creams, vegetable oils, wax crayon, tar and asphalt can
be removed as follows:
If an odor lingers aftercleaning vomit or urine, treat
the area with a watedbaking soda solution:
1 teaspoon ( 5 ml) of baking soda to 1 c,up(250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
0
If needed, clean lightly with solvent-type cleaner.
Carefully scrape off excess stain.
0
Follow the solvent-type instructions described
earlier.
Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and asphalt will stain if
left on a vehicle seat fabric. They should be removed
as soon as possible. Be careful, because the cleaner
will dissolve them and may cause them to spread.
Non-Greasy Stains
Stains caused by catsup, coffee (black), egg, fruit, fruit
juice, milk, soft drinks, wine, vomit, urine and blood can
be removed as follows:
0
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
0
If a stain remains, follow the foam-type instructions
described earlier.
Combination Stains
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:
0
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then clean with
cool water and allow to dry.
0
If a stain remains, clean it with solvent-type cleaner.
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
0
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You
may have to do it more than once.
0
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if
you don't get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth and
a solvent-type vinyl cleaner.
6-41
Cleaning Leather
Care of Safety Belts
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap.
Keep belts clean and dry.
For stubborn stains, use a mild solution of 10%
isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol) and 90% water.
Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniturepolish or shoe polish on leather.
Soiled leather should be cleaned immediately. If dirt
is allowed to work into finish,it can harm the
leather.
Cleaning theTop of the Instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containingsilicones or
waxes rnay cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
6-42
Glass
Glass should be cleaned often.GM Glass Cleaner(GM
Part No. 10.50427)or a liquid household glass cleaner
will remove normal tobacco smoke and dust films.
Don't use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may
cause scratches. Avoid placing decals on the inside rear
window, since they may have to be scraped off later. If
abrasive cleaners are used on the inside of the rear
window, an electric defoggerelement rnay be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached across the
defogger grid.
Cleaning the Outsideof the
Windshield, Backglass and Wiper
Blades
If the windshield is not clear afterusing the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatterswhen running, wax
or othermaterial may be on the blade or windshield.
Clean the outsideof the windshield with GM
Windshield Cleaner, Bon-Ami Powder@(GM Part
No. 1050011). The windshield is clean if beads do not
form when you rinse it with water.
Clean the blade by wiping vigorously with a cloth
soaked in full strength windshieldwasher solvent. Then
rinse the bladewith water.
Wiper blades should be checked on a regularbasis and
replaced when worn.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstripswill make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone greasewith a clean clothat least every six
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application may be required. (See“Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants’’ in the Index.)
Cleaning the Outsideof Your Buick
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep
it clean by washing it often with lukewarm or cold
water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Don’t use strong soaps orchemical detergents. Use
liquid hand, dish or car washing (mild detergent) soaps.
Don’t use cleaningagents that arepetroleum based, or
that contain acid or abrasives.All cleaning agents
should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on
the surface, orthey could stain.Dry the finishwith a
soft, clean chamois or a 100% cotton towel to avoid
surface scratchesand water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter your
vehicle.
6-43
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your Buick by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint
finish. You can get GM approved cleaning products
from your dealer. (See “Appearance Care and Materials”
in the Index.)
Your Buick has a “basecoatlclearcoat” paint finish. The
clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for abasecoatlclearcoat paint
finish.
NOTICE:
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing on
a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicalsfrom industrial chimneys, etc. can
damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. I f
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surhces to remove foreign matter.
6-44
Exterior painted surfaces aresubject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking
new by keeping your Buick garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Aluminum Wheels (If So Equipped)
Your aluminum wheels have a protective coating similar
to the painted surface of your car. Don’t use strong
soaps, chemicals, chrome polish, abrasive cleaners or
abrasive cleaning brushes on them because you could
damage this coating. After rinsing thoroughly, a wax
may be applied.
NOTICE:
If you have aluminum wheels, don’t use an
automatic car wash that has hard silicon carbide
cleaning brushes. These brushes
can take the
protective coatingoff your aluminum wheels.
Tires
Underbody Maintenance
To clean your tires, use astiff brush with a tirecleaner.
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on the
underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floorpan, and
exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
When applying a tire dressingalways take care towipe
off any overspray or splashfrom painted surfaces.
Petroleum-based products may damage the paint finish.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle isdamaged and requires sheetmetal
repair or replacement,make sure thebody repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fracturesor deep scratches in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into amajor repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches canbe repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areas of finish damagecan be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
At least every spring, flushthese materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debriscan collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer oran underbody vehicle washing system
can do this for you.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditionscan create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etchedinto
the paint surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, Buick
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout conditionwithin
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever comes first.
6-45
Appearance Care and Maintenance Materials
You can get these from your GM Parts Department.
PART
NUMBER
SIZE
I2345343
I
Goodwrench%
16 0 2 . (0.473L)
I
I
DESCRIPTION
USAGE
Liquid Wax
Exterior polish
I
1052277
I2 oz. (,0.354L)
I052863
I
IOS0 172
~~
Spray-A-Squcak Silicotic Grcasc
Weatherstrips. Stops squeaks
16 oz. (0.473L)
T x anti Road Oil Rcmovcr
Also removes old waxes. polishes
1050 1 73
16 0 % . (0.4731,)
Chrotne Cleaner :~ntlPolish
Removes rust and corrosion
I os0 1 74
I6 oz. (0.4731)
White Sidcwall Tire Clcancr
Cleans white and black tires
I OS02 I4
32 0%.(0.946L)
Vinyl/Leather Cleaner
Spot and stain rermval
1 OS0244
16 oz. (0.4731..)
Fabric Cleaner
Soot and stain removal
IOS0427
I
02. (0.028kg)
-
23 oz. (0.6XOL)
I
I
Glass (Ilcancr
6 Ibs. (2.72kg)
Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner
1 OS2349
I2 0 % . (0.34Okg)
Lubriplate (White Grease)
For hood, trunk. door hinges and latches
1os1oss
16 0z. (0.473L)
Preservatone
Vinyl top dressing
I
I
I os I308*
I
6 02. (0.2371,)
I
See your General Motors Parts Departments
for these products.
See your Maintenance Schedulefor other products.
~
I
~~
I
Spot Lifter
~
* Not recommended for pigskin suede leather.
6-46
Also spot cleans vinyls
I050429
~
I
I
7--
For cloth
I
I
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
lGml
ENGINE
MODEL
CODE
SAMPL€,UXSMQ72675
0
your VIN,
0
the model designation,
paint information, and
W
/ \
I$!&
YEAR
the wheel wellj. It’s very helpful if you ever need to
order parts. On this label is:
a list of all production options and special
equipment.
ASSEMBLY
PLANT
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
This is the legal identifier for your Buick. It appears on
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on the
driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
Add-on Electrical Equipment
Engine Identification
i
The eighth characterin your VIN is the engine code.
This code will help you identify your engine,
specifications, and replacement parts.
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical to your Buick unless
you check with your dealer first. Some electrical
equipment can damage your vehicle and the
damage wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
Some add-on electrical equipment can keep other
components from working as they should.
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label on your spare tire cover in the
coupe or sedan.In the wagon, you’ll find the label on
the wheel well (remove the spare tire cover to expose
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your Buick, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick” in the Index.
6-47
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The fuse panel is located inside the glove box, on the
left side.
To change a fuse, open the glove box. Pull down on the
fuse panel latch and open the door. Pull the fuse straight
out.
To identify and check fuses, referto the Fuse Usage
chart.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sureyou
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating.
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses, circuit breakers,
and fusible thermal links in the wiring itself. This
greatly reduces thechance of damage caused by
electrical problems.
6-48
~
Fuse Usage Chart
C
I
z
n
lm
u
I N J / C OUI LN L O CFKA N / A L T
T U R N B ~ UA I R B A G
G A U GSETHC
SOATPZS Y
TAIL
~
~
~~~~~
~
ECM
TNJ/COIL
UNLOCK
FAN/ALT
TURN B/U
AIR BAG
Circuitry
TAIL
Tail, Park. Side Marker, License Plate,
Stop/Turn Signal
Heater/Air Conditioner Blower Controls
I/P Cluster, Warning Indicators, Torque
Converter Clutch, Audible Warning System,
Trunk Release, Brake Warning Indicator,
Rear Defog Switch, Remote KeylessEntry,
Headlamps, Air Bag (DERM)
Stop Lamps, Hazard Flashers
Interior, Underhood, Courtesy, UP, Trunk
Lamps. Door Locks, Horn Relay, Passive
Restraint System, Deck Lid Release, Power
Antenna Remote Keyless Entry: Vanity
Mirror
Power Windows
Illumination for: I/P, Radio, Pod Lamps,
Ashtray, Console Lamp, Heater-A/C Control,
Defog Switch, Headlamp Switch, Power
Antenna. Lighted Vanity Mirrors
Radio
Seats, Door Locks, Rear Defog. PowerSeat
Recliner, Rear Window Wiper, Trunk
Release.
Windshield WiperWxher
Cigarette Lighter
HTR A/C
GAUGES
HTR A i C
wDo
FRONT VIEW OF FUSE BLOCK
Fuse
Fuse
Circuitry
Power Train Control Module
Fuel Injectors
Auto Door Locks (Remove this fuse t o
disable the automatic door unlock.)
Electric Fan, Starter and Generator, Seq. Fuel
Inj (V6), Cruise Control, Anti-Lock Brakes
Back-up Lamps
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint (Air Bag)
STOP HA2
CTSY
WDO:!:
INST LPS
RADIO
PWR
ACC*
WPR
CIG LTR
$:Circuit Breaker
6-49
Headlamp Wiring
The headlampwiring is protected by a circuit breaker in
the lamp switch. An electrical overload will cause the
lamps to go on and off or, in some cases,to remain off.
If this happens, have your headlampsystem checked
right away.
Windshield Wipers
The windshield wiper motor is protected by a circuit
breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to heavy
snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor cools. If
the overload is caused by some electrical problem, have
it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Circuit breakers in the fuse panel protect the power
windows and other power accessories. When the current
load is too heavy, the circuit breaker opensand closes,
protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed.
6-50
Engine A/C, EGR, Relays,SIR Crank and
Safety Belt Fuses
These fuses arelocated behind the glove box. The fuse
holders are taped together with gray tape.
Other Fuses
The Safety Belt/Chime (ICAM) Module fuseand the
Remote Lock Control fuse arelocated behind the fuse
block, above the hush panel.
The Fuel Pump, ECM fuse islocated under the hood.
Replacement Bulbs
OUTSIDE LIGHTS
BULB
INSIDE LIGHTS
BULB
Back-up Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1156
Ashtray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
194
Front Parking/Turn Signal Lights . . . . . . . . . .
2057
Courtesy Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
561
License Plate Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
194
Glove Box Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Center High-Mounted Stoplight
Heater & A/C Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Halogen Headlights
Side Marker Lights (Front) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I 94
Side Marker Lights (Rear) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24
Stop/TaiI/Turn Signal Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Underhood Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dome Light
2057
56 I
HighBeam lndicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
High-Level Stoplight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
194
T- 1.0
194
1156
Indicator Lights
Kear Window Defogger Switch . . . . . . . . . . . .
2102
Lighted Rearview Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 12-2
Cluster (Illumination) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
161
Turn Signal Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
194
6-51
Capacities and Specifications
4.2 L
4.5 quarts
Engine Crankcase with filter change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic Transaxle
3-Speed (3T40):
4 quarts
3.8 L
Pan Removal and Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.6 L
7 quarts
After Complete Overhaul . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-Speed with Overdrive (4T60-E):
6 quarts
5.7 L
Pan Removal and Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.6 L
8 quarts
AfterCompleteOverhaul . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
When drairzing or replacing torque converter; more.fluid may he needed.
Cooling System
2.2L L4 (Code 4)
5.73 L
6.06 quarts
Radiator and Engine only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.27 L
8.74 quarts
Complete System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 100 V6 (Code M)
8.69 L
9.18 quarts
Radiator and Engine only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 I .6 quarts
1 1 .o L
Complete System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Refrigerant (R-l34a), Air Conditioning
1.7Spounds
0.08 kg
2.2L(Code4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.0 pounds
0.9 kg
3 I O 0 V6 (Code M) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not all air conditioning refrigerunts ure the same. !f the air conditioning system in your vehicle m e d s rqfrigernnt, be sure the
proper refrigerant is ltsed I f y o ~ ~ ’ not
r e sure, ask your Buick dealex For urkr’itionnl injormntion, see Jour “Wctrrarztyand
Owner Assistun.ce Infbrrncrtion hooklet.
”
6-52
Capacities and Specifications
FuelTank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16.5 gallons
62.4 L
Power Steering
Pump Only
2.2LL4(Code4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 pint
0.47 L
3100V6(CodeM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 pint
0.47 L
Complete System
2.2LL4(Code4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.5 pints
0.75 L
3100V6(CodeM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.5 pints
0.75 L
Tire Pressures, Sizes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See Tire-Loading Information label
on driver’s door.
WheelNutTorque . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
100pound-feet
( 140
Nom)
NOTE: All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure to fill to the appropriate level, as recommended in this.muaA.
6-53
Engine Specifications
VIN Engine Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Displacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Compression Ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Firing Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ThermostatTemperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2L
4
L4
2.2 Liters
9: 1
1-3-4-2
195°F (91 "Cj
3'100 V6
M
V6
3.1 Liters
9.5: 1
1-2-3-4-5-6
195°F (91 " C )
Vehicle Dimensions
Sedan
Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OverallLength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OverallHeight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overall Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RearTread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-54
104.9 in. (2664 mm)
189.1 in. (4803 m m )
54.2 in. (1377 mm)
69.4 in. (1762 mm)
58.7 in ( 1492 mm)
56.7 in. (1442 m m j
Wagon
104.9 in (2664 mm)
190.9 in. (485 I mm)
54.2 i n . (1377 mm j
69.4 i n . (1 762 mm)
58.7 in. (1492 mmj
56.7 in. ( 1442 mmj
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Air Cleaner Element
2.2L L4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 100 V6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Oil Filter
2.2L L4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 100 V6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PCV Valve
2.2L L4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 100 V6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spark Plugs
2.2L L4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 100 V6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Batteries
Remote Lock Control Transmitter . . . . . . . . .
AC Type A-90SC
AC Type A-92SC
AC Type PF-47
AC Type PF-47
AC Type CV-9OOC
AC Type CV-892C
245749 I2 Gap: 0.060 inch ( 1.52 m m )
AC Type eR44LTSMti Gap: 0.060 inch ( 1 .SO m m )
201 6 (2)
6-55
NOTES
6-56
Section 7 MaintenanceSchedule
I
Introduction
IMPORTANT:
KEEP ENGINE OIL
AT THE PROPER
LEVEL AND CHANGE AS
RECOMMENDED
This section covers the maintenance required for your
Buick. Your vehicle needs these services to retain its
safety, dependability and emission control performance.
Protection
Plan
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keepyour
vehicle i n good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important. Improper vehiclemaintenance or the
removal of important components cansignificantly
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or even the wrong tire inflation can increase the
level of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to help keepyour vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
7-1
~
~~
~
~
~~
~~~
~~
~
How This Section is Organized
The remainder of this section is divided into five parts:
~
I
“Part A: ScheduledMaintenanceServices” shows
what to have done and how often. Some of these
services can be complex, so unless you are technically
qualified and have the necessary equipment, you should
let your dealer’s service department or another qualified
service center do these jobs.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services”tells you what
should be checked whenever you stop for fuel. It also
explains what you can easily do to help keep your
vehicle in good condition.
“Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections”explains
important inspections that your Buick dealer’s service
department or another qualified service center should
perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”lists
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance
Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we don’t know
exactly how you’ll drive it. You may drive very short
distances only a few times a week. Or you may drive
long distances all the time in very hot, dusty weather.
You may use your vehicle in making deliveries. Or you
may drive it to work, to do errands or in many other
ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their GM
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may even need
more frequent checks and replacements than you’ll find
in the schedules in this section. So please read this
section and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehiclein good
condition, see your Buick dealer.
This part tells you the maintenance services you should
have done and when you should schedule them. If you
go to your dealer for your service needs, you’ll know
that GM-trained and supported service people will
perform the work using genuine GM parts.
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed in
Part D. Make sure whoever servicesyour vehicle uses
these. All parts should be replaced and all necessary
repairs done before you or anyone else drivesthe
vehicle.
These schedules are forvehicles that:
carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s
Tire-Loading Information label. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
0
are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
0
use the recommended unleaded fuel. See “Fuel” in
the Index.
Selecting the Right Schedule
First you’ll need to decide which of the two schedules is
right for your vehicle. Here’s how to decide which
schedule to follow:
7-3
Maintenance Schedule
J
Schedule I Definition
Follow Maintenance Schedule I if any one of these is
true for your vehicle:
Most trips are less than 5 t o 10 miles (8 t o 16 k m ) .
This is particularly important when outside
temperatures are below freezing.
Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
Most trips are through dusty areas.
e You frequently tow a trailer or use ;I carrier on top of
your car.
0 You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top of
your car. (With some models, you should never tow a
trailer. See "Towing a Trailer" i n the Index.)
Schedule I should also be followed if the vehicle is used for
delivery service. police, taxi, or other comn1ercial applicattion.
Schedule I Intervals
Every 3,000 Miles (5 000 km) or 3 Months,
Whichever Occurs First.
Engine Oil and Filter Change
7-4
Schedule I Intervals
Every 6,000 Miles (10 000 km) or 6 months,
Whichever Occurs First.
Chassis Lubrication
At 6,000 Miles (10 000 km) Then Every
12,000 Miles (25 000 km)
Tire Rotation
Every 15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
Air Cleaner Filter Inspection, if driving in dusty
conditions
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000km)
Air Cleaner Filter Replacement
Spark Plug Replacer-nent (Except 2.2L Code 4 engine)
Spark Plug Wire Inspection
Fuel Tank. Cap and Lines Inspection
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) System Inspection
(2.2L Code 4 engine only)
Engine Accessory Drive Belt Inspection (or every
24 months, whichever occurs first)
Cooling System Service (or every 24 months,
whichever occurs first)
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
Automatic Transaxle Service (severe conditionsonly)
Every 100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
Spark Plug Replacement (2.2L Code 4 engine Only)
-
Maintenance Schedule
Schedule I1 Intervals
I
I
Follow Schedule I1 0 1 d y if none of the conditions from
Schedule I is true.
I Schedule I1 Intervals
Every 7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
Engine Oil and Filter Change (or every 12 months.
whichever occurs first)
Chassis Lubrication (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first)
-
At 7,500 Miles (1 2 500 km) Then Every
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
Tire Rotation
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
Engine Accessory Drive Belt Inspection (or every
24 months, whichever occurs first)
Cooling System Service (or every 24 months.
whichever occurs first)
Spark Plug Replacement (Except 2.2L Code 4 engine)
Spark Plug Wire Inspection
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) System Inspection
(2.2L Code 4 Engine Only)
Air Cleaner Filter Replaccmcnt
Fuel Tank. Cap and Lines Inspection
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
Automatic Transaxle Service (severe conditions only)
Every 100,000 Miles ( 166 000 km)
Spark Plug Replacement (2.2L Code 4 engine only)
7-5
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
3,000 Miles (5 000 km)
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 krn) should be performed after 100,000miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals.
0Change engine oil andfilter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Contrul Service.
Footnotes
-i- The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to the
completion of vehicle useful life. We, however, urge that
all recommended maintenance services be performed at
the indicated intervals and the maintenance be recorded.
I
7-6
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y I
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
9,000 Miles (15 000 km)
Cl Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
Arz Emission Control Service.
6,000 Miles (10 000 km)
Cl Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-7
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
12,000 Miles (20 000 km)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving
in dusty conditions. Replace filter if
necessary. An Emission Control Service.
5
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-8
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Maintenance Schedule I
18,000 Miles (30 000 km)
21,000 Miles (35 000 k n )
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Ernissiorl Control Service.
An EInissior? Control Service.
Cl Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation’’ in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional infortnation.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y I
i
I
DATE
SERVICED B Y
ACTUAL MILEAGE
I
1
7-9
1
Maintenance Schedule I
I
24,000 Miles (40 000 km)
27,000 Miles (45 000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
I
DATE
7-10
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
I
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Maintenance Schedule I
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs first).
Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs first).
See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what
to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator,
condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure
test the cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
0Replace spark plugs (except 2.2L Code 4
engine). An Emission Control Service.
0Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission Control
Service.
0Replace air cleaner filter. Replace filter
more often under dustyconditions.
An Emission Control Service.
0Inspect Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR)
system (2.2L Code 4 engine only).
An Emission Control Service. ?
c]Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any
damage. Replace parts as needed. An
Emission Control Service.
(Continued)
7-11
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
30,000 Miles (50 000 knz) (Continued)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
DATE
7-12
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
33,000 Miles (55 000 km)
CI Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control!Service.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
I MaintenanceSchedule
I
I
36,000 Miles (60 000 k t )
39,000 Miles (65 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
Cl Change
3 months, whichever occurs first).
engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Etnission Control Service.
An Enlission Control Service.
0Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricatethe suspension and
steering linkage (orevery 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
1
I
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
1
SERVICED B Y
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-13
1
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
42,000 Miles (70 000 km)
45,000 Miles (75000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
0Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving
in dusty conditions. Replace filter if
necessary. An Emission Control Service.
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 6 months.
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
DATE
7-14
1
L
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
Maintenance Schedule I
I
48,000 Miles (80 000 km)
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
0Change
0Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter
engine oiland filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90°F
(32O C) or higher.
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
When doing frequenttrailer towing.
Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
u y o u do not use your vehicle under anyof
these conditions, the .fluid and filter do not
require changing.
A HEnzission Control Service.
0Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
I
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
ISERVICED
BY:
I
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
51,000 Miles (85 000 km)
54,000 Miles (90 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Indexfor proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
DATE
7-16
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
57,000 Miles (95 000 km)
60,000 Miles (100 000km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
DATE
ACTUALMILEAGESERVICED
BY:
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
17 Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs first).
CI Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs first).
See “Engine Coolant” inthe Index for what
to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator,
condenser, pressurecap and neck. Pressure
test the cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
I
-
I
(Continued)
7-17
Maintenance Schedule I
60,000 Miles (100 000km) (Continued)
63,000 Miles (105 000 km)
0Replace spark plugs (except 2.2L Code 4
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
engine). An Emission Control Service.
Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission Control
Service. -f
0Replace air cleaner filter. Replace filter
more often under dustyconditions.
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service.
Inspect Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR)
system (2.2L Code 4 engine only).
An Emission Control Service.
DATE
7-18
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
66,000 Miles (110 000 km)
69,000 Miles (115 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Con.tro1Service.
0Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 4 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Indexfor proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
L
I
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
7-19
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
72,000 Miles (120 000 km)
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
0Change engine oiland filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides,underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings,lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (orevery 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Inspect air cleaner filterif you are driving
in dusty conditions. Replace filter if
necessary. An Emission Control Service.
DATE
7-20
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
1
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
78,000 Miles (130 000 km)
81,000 Miles (135 000km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
I7 Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
SERVICED B Y I
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
7-21
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
84,000 Miles (140 000 km)
87,000 Miles (145 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emissiorz Control Service.
0Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parkmg brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
DATE
7-22
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
Maintenance ScheduleI
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Corztrol Semite.
0Lubricate the transaxleshift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricatethe suspension and
steering linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs first).
0Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or
every 24 months,whichever occurs first).
See “Engine Coolant”in the Index for what
to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator,
condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure
test the cooling system and pressure cap.
0Replace spark plugs (except 2.2L Code 4
engine). An Emission Control Service.
0Inspect spark plug wires. An Enzissiorz Control
Scrvicr.
*f
0Replace air cleaner filter. Replace filter
more often under dusty conditions.
A n Emission Control Service.
Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket forany
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service.
-1
Inspect Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR)
system (2.2L Code 4 engine only).
An Emission Control Service.
?
An Emission Control Service.
(Continued)
7-23
I Maintenance Schedule I I
90,000 Miles (150 000 km) (Continued)
93,000 Miles (155000 km)
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
Rotation” in the Indexfor proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
I
DATE
7-24
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
1
96,000 Miles (160 000 km)
99,000 Miles (165 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emissiorz Control Service.
An Emissim Control S e n k e .
0Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
7-25
MaintenanceSchedule I
-
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
0Replace spark plugs (2.2L Code 4 engine
Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
Ifyou do not use your vehicle under anyof
these conditions, thefluid and filter do not
require changing.
-
only). A n Emission Control Sewice.
0Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter
if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90"F
(32 O C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
I
7-26
I
DATE SERVICED
ACTUAL MILEAGE
I
BY
4
Maintenance Schedule I1
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
( I 66 000 km) should be performed after100,000miles
( I 66 000 km) at the same intervals.
Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
Footnotes
0 Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
j- The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to the
completion of vehicle useful life. We, however, urge that
all recommended maintenance servicesbe performed at
the indicated intervals and the maintenance be recorded.
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
7-27
I Maintenance Schedule I1
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Senlice.
I7 Lubricate the transaxle shiftlinkage,
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
DATE
7-28
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
0Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation’’ in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
I
DATE
I
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
ISERVICED
BY:^
I
Maintenance Schedule I1
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs first).
0Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs first).
See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what
to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator,
condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure
test the cooling system and pressure cap.
0Replace spark plugs (except 2.2L Code 4
engine). An Emission Control Service.
0Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission Control
Service.
0Replace air cleaner filter. An Emission Control
Service.
0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Ernission Control Service.
0Inspect Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR)
system (2.2L Code 4 engine only).
An Emission Control Service.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
An Emission. Control Service.
7-29
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
fl Change
12 months, whichever occurs first).
engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Enu‘ssion Control Service.
At1 Emissioll Corrtrol Servic-e.
0Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides,underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspensionand
steering linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
U Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides,underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
a
orease fittings, lubricate the suspension
and
steering linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
DATE
7-30
ACTUAL MIIXAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
Maintenance Schedule I1
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
0Change automatic transaxle fluidand filter
if the vehicle ismainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90 F
(32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
O
Uses such as found intaxi, police or
delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of
these conditions, the fluid and filter do not
require changing.
-
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
+
SERVICED BY:
7-31
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
0Change engine oiland filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
0Lubricate the transaxleshift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspensionand
steering linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Inspect engine accessory drivebelt (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs first).
0Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs first).
See “Engine Coolant”in the for what to
use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator,
condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure
test the cooling system and pressure cap.
A H Emission Control Service.
7-32
Maintenance Schedule I1
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
0Replace spark plugs (except 2.2L Code4
engine). An Emission Control Service.
0Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission Control
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
Service.
0Replace air cleaner filter. An Emission Control
Service.
0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service.
CI Inspect Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR)
system (2.2L Code 4 engine only).
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage.If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
17 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
An Emission Control Service.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
DATE SERVICED
ACTUAL MILEAGE
BY:
7-33
1 MaintenanceSchedule
I1
1
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
82,500 Miles (131 500 km)
c]Change engine oil and filter (orevery
0Change engine oiland filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
DATE
7-34
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
0Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index forproper rotation
pattern and additional information.
I
Maintenance Schedule I1
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs first).
0Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs first).
See “Engine Coolant’’in the Index for what
to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator,
condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure
test the cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
Replace spark plugs (except 2.2L Code 4
engine). An Emission Control Service.
Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission Control
Service.
3‘
0Replace air cleaner filter. An Emission Control
Service.
(Continued)
7-35
I
Maintenance Schedule I1
90,000 Miles (150 000 km) (Continued)
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines. Inspect fuel
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
cap gasket for any damage. Replace parts as
needed. An Emission Control Service. -5
0Inspect Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR)
system (2.2L Code 4 engine only).
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Enzission Control Service.
DATE
7-36
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
An. Ernission Control Service.
0Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, underbody
contact points and linkage. If equipped with
grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
steering linkage (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection ana
Rotation” in the Index forproper rotation
pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
-
Maintenance Schedule I1
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
0Replace spark plugs (2.2L Code 4 engine
only). An Emission Control Service.
0Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter
if the vehicle is mainly driven underone or
more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90 OF
( 3 2 ° C ) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
I f you do not use your vehicle under any of
these conditions, the fluid and filter donot
require changing.
-
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-37
Part B: Owner Checks andServices
Windshield Washer Fluid Level
Listed below are owner checks and services which
should be performed at the intervals specified to help
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control
performance of your vehicle.
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the
windshield washer tank and add the proper fluid if
necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the Index
for further details.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown in
Part D.
At Least Once a Month
At Each Fuel Fill
It is importantfor you or a service stution attendantto
perform these underhood checks at eachfi~el.fill.
Engine Oil Level
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if
necessary. See “Engine Oil”in the Index for further
details.
Tire Inflation
Check tire inflation. Make sure tires are inflated to the
pressures specified on the Tire-Loading Information
label located on the rear edge of the driver’s door. See
“Tires” in the Index for further details.
Cassette Deck
Clean cassette deck. Cleaningshould be done every
50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems”i n the Index
for further details.
At Least Once a Year
Engine Coolant Level
Check the engine coolant level and add the proper
coolant mix if necessary. See “Coolant” in the Index for
further details.
7-3s
Key Lock Cylinders
Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant
specified in Part D.
Body Lubrication
--
Brake-Transaxle Shift Interlock BTSI
Lubricate all body door hinges.
Also lubricate allhinges and
latches, including thosefor the hood, rear compartment
glove box door, and any folding seat hardware.
Part
D tells
you what to use. More frequent lubrication may be required
when exposed to a corrosive environment.
Starter Switch
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.It should be parked on a level
surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake (see “Parking Brake”
in the Index if necessary).
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
NOTE: Be ready to apply the regular brake
immediately if the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engineoff, turn the key to theRUN
position, but don’t start the engine. Without applying
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake (see “Parking
Brake” in the Index if necessary) and the regular brake.the regular brake, try to move the shift leverofout
PARK (P) with normal effort.If the shift lever
NOTE: Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be
moves out of PARK (P), your vehicle’s BTSI needs
ready to turn off the engine immediatelyif it starts.
service.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter should
work onlyin PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). Ifthe starter
works in any other position, your vehicle needs service.
7-39
Steering Column Lock
While parked, and with the parking brake set,try to turn
the key to LOCK in each shift leverposition.
The key should turn to LOCK only when the shift
lever is in PARK (P).
The key should come out only in LOCK.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transaxle
PARK (P)
Mechanism Check
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake, set the
parking brake.
To check the parking brake: With the engine running
and transaxle in NEUTRAL (N),slowly remove foot
pressure from the regular brake pedal. Do this until
the vehicle is held by the parking brake only.
To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability:
Shift toPARK (P). Then release all brakes.
Underbody Flushing
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
7-40
Part C: Periodic Maintenance
Inspections
Listed below are inspections and services which should
be performed at least twice a year (for instance. each
spring and fall). You should let your GM dealer’s
service department or other qualified service center
do
these jobs. Make sure any necessary repairs are
completed at once.
Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure all your belts, buckles, latch
plates, retractors, anchorages and reminder systemsare
working properly. Look for any loose parts or damage.
If you see anything that might keep a restraint system
from doing its job, have it repaired.
Steering, Suspension and Front-WheelDrive Axle Boot and Seal Inspection
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering
system for damaged, loose ormissing parts, signs of
wear, or lack of lubrication. Inspect the power steering
lines and hoses for proper hookup, binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc.Clean and then inspect the drive
axle boot seals for damage, tears or leakage. Replace
seals if necessary.
Exhaust System Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect the body
near the exlmust system. Look for broken. damaged.
missing or out-of-position parts as well as open seams.
holes, loose connections. or other conditions which
could cause a heat build-up in the floor pan or could let
exhaust fumes into the vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust“ i n
the Index.
Throttle Linkage Inspection
Inspect the throttle linkage for interference or binding.
and for damaged or missing parts. Replace parts as
needed. Accelerator and cruise control cables should not
be lubricated.
Brake System Inspection
Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines and
hoses for proper hookup, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing.
etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors for
surface condition. Also inspect drum brake linings for
wear and cracks. Inspect other brake parts, including
drums, wheel cylinders. calipers, parking brake. etc.
Check parking brake ad-justn-rent.You may need to have
y o ~ brakes
~r
inspected more often if your driving habits
or conditions result in frequent braking.
Part D: Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number or specification may be obtained from your
GM dealer.
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
Engine Oil
Engine oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified For
Gasoline Engines“Starburst”
symbol of the proper viscosity. To
determine the preferred viscosity
for your vehicle’s engine, see
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
Engine Coolant
Coolant
Supplement
7-42
50/50 mixture of water (preferably
distilled) and good quality
ethylene glycolbase antifreeze
(GM Part No. 1052753 or
equivalent) conforming to GM
Specification 1825Mor approved
recycled coolant conformingto
GM Specification 1825M.
GM Part No. 3634621 or
equivalent.
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
Hydraulic Brake
System
DelcoSupreme 11 Brake Fluid
(GM Part No. 1052535 or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid).
Parking Brake
Guides
Chassis lubricant(GM Part
No. 1052497 or equivalent) or
lubricant meetingrequirements of
NLGI Grade 2,Category LB or
GC-LB.
Power Steering
System
GM HydraulicPower Steering
Fluid (GM Part No. 1052884 or
equivalent).
Automatic
Transaxle
DEXRON@-I11Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Key Lock
Cylinders
Lubricate with Multi-Purpose
Lubricant (GM Part No. 12345120)
or synthetic SAE 5W-30 engine
oil.
Automatic
Transaxle Shift
Linkage
Engine oil.
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
USAGE
FLUIDlLUBRICANT
Chassis
Lubrication
Chassis lubricant (GM PartNo.
1052497 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirementsof
NLGI Grade 2, Category LB or
GC-LB.
Engine oil or Lubriplate Lubricant
(GM Part No. 1050109).
Windshield
Washer Solvent
GM Optikleen@Washer Solvent
(GM Part No. 1051515) or
equivalent.
Hood and Door
Hinges, Station
Wagon Liftgate,
Fuel Door
Hinge, Folding
Seat Hardware,
Rear
Compartment
Lid Hinges
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM
Part No. 12345579 or equivalent).
Hood Latch
Assembly
a.Pivotsand
Spring
Anchor
b. ReleasePawl
a. Engine oil.
See “Replacement Parts”in the Index for recommended
replacement filters, valves and spark plugs.
b. Chassis lubricant (GM Part
No. 1052497 or equivalent)or
lubricant meeting requirements
of NLGI Grade 2, Category LB
or GC-LB.
7-43
Part E: Maintenance Recora
After the scheduled services are performed, record the
date, odometer reading and who performed the service
i n the boxes provided after the maintenance interval.
Any additional information from “Owner Checks and
Services” or“Periodic Maintenance” can be added on
the following record pages. Also, you should retain all
maintenance receipts. Your owner information portfolio
is a convenient place to store them.
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-44
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-45
Maintenance Record
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-46
Section 8 Customer Assistance Information
Here you will find out how t o contact Buick if you need
assistance. This section also tells you how t o obtain
service publications and how to report any salety
defects.
This section includes information on: The Customcr
Satisfaction Procedure, Customer Assistance for
Hearing or Speech Impaired. BBB Auto Line Alternative Dispute Resolution Program, Reporting
Safety Defects. Roadside Assistance. and Service and
Owner Publications.
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important t o y o ~ ~ r
dealer and Buick. Normally. any concern with the sales
transaction or the operation of your vehicle will be
resolved by your dealer's Sales or ServiceDepartments.
Sonletimes. however, despite the best intentions of all
concerned, Inisunderstandings can occur. I f yo11r
concern 1x1s not been resolved t o your satisfi~tion.the
following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with a member of
dealership management. Normally, concerns can often
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the Sales. Service, or Parts
Manager, contact the owner of the dealership or the
General Manager.
STEP TWO -- If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern cannot
be resolved by the dealership without further help,
contact the Buick Customer Assistance Center by
calling 1-800-52 1-7300. In Canada, contact GM of
Canada Customer Assistance Center in Oshawa by
calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1 -800-263-7854
(French).
I n Mexico, call (525) 254-3777. I n Puerto Rico, call
1-800-496-9992 (English) or 1-800-496-9993 (Spanish).
I n the U.S. Virgin Islands, call 1-800-496-9994. In all
other overseas locations, contact GM North American
Export Sales i n Canada by calling 1-905-644-4 1 12.
8-1
For prompt assistance, please have the following
information available to give the Customer Assistance
Representative:
0
Your name, address, home and business telephone
numbers
e Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate at
the left top of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
0
Dealership name and location
0
Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
Nature of concern
We encourage you to call the toll-free number listed
previously in order to give your inquiry prompt
attention. However, if you wish to write Buick, write to:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Assistance Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550
Refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information booklet for addresses of Canadian and GM
Overseas offices.
8-2
When contacting Buick, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved in the dealership, using the
dealership’s facilities, equipment and personnel. That is why
we suggest you follow Step One firstif you have a concern.
Customer Assistance for the Hearing
or Speech Impaired (TDD)
To assist customers who have hearing difficulties, Buick
has installed special TDD (Telecommunication Devices
for the Deaf) equipment at its Customer Assistance
Center. Any hearing or speech impaired customer who
has access to a TDD or a conventional teletypewriter
(TTY) can communicatewith Buick by dialing:
I -800-TD-BUTCK. (TDD users in Canada can dial
1-800-263-3830.)
GM Participation inBBB AUTO
LINE - Alternative Dispute
Resolution Program*
*This program may not be available in all states,
depending on state law. Canadian ownersrefer to your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet.
General Motors reserves the right to change eligibility
limitations and/or to discontinue its participation in this
program.
Both Buick and your Buick dealer are committedto
making sure you are completely satisfied withyour new
vehicle. Our experience has shown that,if a situation
arises where you feel your concern has not been
adequately addressed, the Customer Satisfaction Procedure
described earlier in this section is very successful.
There may be instances where an impartial third-party
can assist in arriving at a solution to a disagreement
regarding vehicle repairs or interpretation of the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty. To assist in resolving these
disagreements Buick voluntarily participates in BBB
AUTO LINE.
BBB AUTO LINE is an out-of-court program
administered by the Better Business Bureau system to
settle disputesbetween customers and automobile
manufacturers. Thisprogram is available free of charge
to customers who currently own or lease a GM vehicle.
If you are not satisfied after followingthe Customer
Satisfaction Procedure. you rnay contact the BBB using
the toll-free telephone number, or write them at the
following address:
BBB AUTO LINE
Council of Better Business Bureaus
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203
Telephone: 1-800-955-5 100
To file a claim, you will be asked to provide your name
and address, your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN),
and a statementof the nature of your complaint.
Eligibility is limited by vehicle age and mileage, and
other factors.
We prefer you utilize the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure before you resort to AUTO LINE, but you
may contact the BBB at any time. The BBB will attempt
to resolve the complaint serving as an intermediary
between you and Buick. If this mediation is
unsuccessful, an informal hearing will be scheduled
where eligible customersmay present their case to an
impartial third-party arbitrator.
The arbitrator will make a decision which you may
accept or reject. If you accept the decision, GM will be
bound by that decision. The entire disputeresolution
procedure should ordinarily take about forty days from
the time you file a claim until a decision is made.
Some state laws may require you to use this program
before filing a claim with a state-run arbitration program
or in the courts. For further information, contactthe
BBB at 1-800-955-5 100 or the Buick Customer
Assistance Center at 1-800-52 1-7300.
8-3
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash orcould cause injuryor death, you should
immediately inform theNational Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), inaddition to
notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints,it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer, or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0 123 in the
Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the Hotline.
8-4
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO
THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
Transport Canada
Box 8880
Ottawa, Ontario K l G 352
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO GENERAL MOTORS
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify
us. Please call us at 1-800-521-7300, or write:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Assistance Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 ColonelSam Drive
Oshawa, OntarioL l H 8P7
Courtesy Transportation
Roadside Assistance
To Buick Motor Division, quality means service
-- and
service means “keeping you on the road.”
Buick Motor Division is proud to offer Buick Roadside
Assistance to customers for vehicles covered under the
36 month/36,000 mile new car warranty (whichever
comes first).
Included with your 1995 Buicknew car warranty,
(36 months, or 36,000 miles), is Courtesy
Transportation, a programwhich will provide Buick
retail customerswith:
Our commitment toBuick owners has always included
superior service through our
network of 3,000 Buick
dealers. Buick Roadside Assistance provides an extra
measure of convenience and security.
Reimbursement toward a loaner vehicle, courtesy of
Buick Motor Division, for up to five days for
Buick RoadsideAssistance:
vehicles requiring overnight warranty repairs. Also,
reimbursement up to $30 a day (five days maximum) - Provides owners with access to minor repairs or
may be available for the cost
of a rentalcar, bus or
towing for disabled vehicles.
even a cab.
- Takes the anxiety out of uncertain situations by
- A free one-way shuttle ride up to 10 miles from the
providing easy access to serviceprofessionals trained
dealership is available for customers whosevehicles
to work with Buick owners, 24 hours a day, 365 days
require same-day warranty repairs.
a year, including weekendsand holidays.
Courtesy Transportationis Buick’s way of extending the
For details of Buick Roadside Assistance,please consult
Premium Service you’ve come to expect for Buick and
your Buick RoadsideAssistance owner booklet included
it’s 3,000 dealers. Pleasereview the Courtesy
with your owner’s manual. For needed assistance, call
Transportation glovebox card contained in your vehicle,
the Buick Roadside Assistancetoll-free hotline:
or consult your Buick dealer for details.
1-800-252- 1 112.
-
In Canada, please consult yourGM dealer for
information on Courtesy Transportation.
8-5
Canada Roadside Assistance
Service Bulletins
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
Roadside Assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the
separate brochure provided by the dealer or call
1-800-268-6800 for emergency services.
Service bulletins covering various subjects are regularly
sent to all General Motors dealerships/retail facilities.
GM monitors product performance in the field. When
service methods are found which promote better service
on GM vehicles, bulletins are created to help the
technician perform better service. Service bulletins may
involve any number of vehicles. Some will describe
inexpensive service, others will describe expensive
service. Some will advise new or unexpected conditions,
and others may help avoid future costly repairs. An
important reminder ... service bulletins are meant for
qualified technicians. Since these bulletins are issued
throughout the model year and beyond, an index is
required and published quarterly to help identify specific
bulletins. Subscriptions are available. You can order an
index at the toll-free numbers listed previously, or ask a
GM dealer/retailer to see an index or individual bulletin.
Service and Owner Publications
Service manuals, service bulletins, owner’s manuals and
other service literature are available for purchase for a l l
current and many past model General Motors vehicles.
Toll-free telephone numbers for ordering information:
u. s.
Canada
1-800-55 1-4I23
1-800-668-5539
Service Manuals
Service manuals contain diagnosis and repair
information for all chassis and body systems. They may
be useful for owners who wish to get a greater
understanding of their vehicle. They are also useful for
owners with the appropriate skill level or training who
wish to perform “do-it-yourself’ service. These are
authentic General Motors service rnanuals meant for
professional. qualified technicians.
8-6
Owner Publications
Owner’s manuals, warranty folders and various owner
assistance booklets provide owners with general
operation and maintenance information.
Section 9 Index
Adding
Automatic Transaxle Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6- 17
BrakeFluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-24
Electrical Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2- 15. 6.47
Engine Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6- 19
Engineoil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-9
Power Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-21
Sound Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3- 13
Windshield Washer Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.31. 6-22
AirBag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-21
How Does It Restrain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22
How It Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-21
Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-22
Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-23
What Makes It Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-22
What Will You See After It Inflates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22
When Should It Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-21
Air Bag Readiness Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.20.2.50
AirBagSystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-21
Aircleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-11
Air Conditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3- 1
Alignment and Balance. Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-37
Aluminum Wheels. Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-44
AM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-13
Antenna. Fixed Mast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3- 15
3-15
Antenna. Power Mast Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Antifreeze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18
Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-19
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-19
Anti-Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-6
Anti-Lock Brake System Active Light . . . . . . . . . . 2.53.4.6
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . 2.52.4.6
Anti-Lock Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-6
Appearancecare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-39
Appearance Care and Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-46
Armrest. Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-45
2-46
Ashtrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ashtrays. Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47
Audio Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-4
Automatic Door Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-4
Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-17
Automatic Overdrive Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18
Drive (D) Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-14
First (1) Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-19
Neutral (N)Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-18
Park (P) Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-17
Reverse (R) Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Second (2) Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-19
Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Starting Your Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-17
9-1
...
I
Outside of the Windshield and Wiper Blades . . . . . . . 6-43
Special Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-4 1
Stains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-41
The Inside of Your Buick ......................
6-39
6-43
The Outside of Your Buick .....................
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-45
Top of the Instrument Panel ....................
6-42
Vinyl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-41
Clock. Setting the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-4
Comfort Controls ................................
3- 1
Compact Spare Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-35
Control of a Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-5
Control. Loss of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-12
2-42
ConvenienceNet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-41
Convex Outside Mirror ..........................
6-18
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coolant Heater. Engine .....................
2- 16. 6- 11
5-17
Coolant Recovery Tank ..........................
Coolant. How to Add to the Coolant Recovery Tank . . . 5- 17
Coolant. How to Add to the Radiator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-20
Cooling System. 2.2 Liter Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5- 14
Cooling System. V6 Engine .......................
5- 15
2-39
Courtesy Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-5
Courtesy Transportation ...........................
Cruise Control .................................
2-32
2-35
Erasing Speed Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Getting Out of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-35
Passing Another Vehicle While Using . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35
ToIncreaseSpeed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-34
2-35
ToReduceSpeed ............................
2-34
To Resume a Set Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ToSet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-33
UseonHills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-35
Customer Assistance for the Hearing or Speech Impaired 8-2
Customer Assistance Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ....................
8-1
Damage. Finish ...............................
Damage. Sheet Metal ............................
Daytime Running Lamps .........................
DeadBattery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defects. Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defensive Driving ...............................
Defogger. Rear Window ..........................
Defogging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defrosting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DriverPosition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Driving on Grades ..............................
Driving
AtNight ...................................
City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defensive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drunken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Freeway ....................................
In a Blizzard ................................
In Foreign Countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
In the Rain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OnCurves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
On Hill and Mountain Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
On Snow and Ice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Through Deep Standing Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Winter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
With a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DrunkenDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-45
6-45
2-37
5-2
8-4
4-1
3-3
3-2
3-2
2-3
1-13
4-33
4-13
4-17
4-1
4-2
4-18
4-24
6-4
4-15
4-8
4-21
4-23
2-15
4-22
4-32
4-2
9-3
I
I
Headlamps. Bulb Replacement ....................
6-26
Hearing or Speech Impaired. Customer Assistance . . . . . . 8-2
3-2
Heating ........................................
Highway Hypnosis ..............................
4-20
Hill and Mountain Roads .........................
4-21
Hitches. Trailer .................................
4-31
HoodRelease ...................................
6-6
Horn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-27
Hydroplaning ..................................
4-16
If You’re Stuck: In Sand. Mud. Ice or Snow . . . . . . . . . . 5-36
2-13
Ignition Key Positions ...........................
Ignition Switch .................................
2-13
2-40
InsideMirror ..................................
Inspections
7-41
Brakesystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exhaust Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-41
Restraint Systems ............................
7-41
Steering. Suspension and Front Wheel
Drive Axle Boot and Seal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-41
7-41
Throttle Linkage .............................
Instrument Panel ...............................
2-48
Instrument Panel Cluster .........................
2-48
Instrument Panel Cluster. Canadian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-48
Instrument Panel Cluster. Domestic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-48
6-42
Instrument Panel. Cleaning .......................
Interior Lamp Delay .............................
2-39
Interior/Instrument Panel Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-36
7-39
K e y Lock Cylinders ............................
Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
L a m p . Malfunction Indicator .....................
2-54
Lamp.Underhood ...............................
6-7
Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-36
Lamps.Courtesy ............................... 2-39
Lamps. Daytime Running ........................
2-37
Lamps. Front Reading ...........................
2-38
Lamps. Interior Delay ...........................
2-39
Lamps. Map ...................................
2-37
Lamps. Mirror Reading ..........................
2-38
Lamps. RearReading ............................
2-39
2-28
Lane Change Indicator ...........................
Larger Children. Safety Belt Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-43
Leaving Your Vehicle .............................
2-4
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine Running . . . . . . . 2-22
Liftgate Lock ...................................
2-8
2-8
Liftgate. Operation Wagon .........................
Lights
Air Bag Readiness ......................
1-21. 2-50
Anti-Lock Brake System ......................
2-53
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52. 4-6
2-56
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-51
Brake System Warning ........................
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-53
Oil Pressure .................................
2-55
2-62
Liftgate Ajar Warning Light ....................
Safetv Belt Warning:
......................
1-8.2-49
u
Lighter .......................................
2-47
Loading Your Vehicle ...........................
4-26
.
I
....................................
JJump
ack.
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-26
5-2
9-5
Owner Checks and Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-38
Owner Publications. Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6
P a i n t Spotting. Chemical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-45
Park (P) Position. Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 17
Park (P) Position. Shifting Into . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
Park (P) Position. Shifting Out of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-23
Parking At Night . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 12
ParkingBrake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-20
6-28
Parking Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parking Lots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2- I2
Parking On Hills While Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
Parking. Over Things That Burn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
Passing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-42
Power Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4 1
Power Antenna Mast Care ........................
3- I O
Power Door Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-4
1-2
PowerSeat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Seat. Adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Power Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-8
Power Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-20
Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-21
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20
Power Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-25
Power Windows and Other Power Options . . . . . . . . . . . 6-50
Pregnancy. Use of Safety Belts ....................
1-25
5- 1
Problems on the Road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Publications. Service and Owner ....................
8-6
Radiator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3- I I
Radiator Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20
Radio Reception. Understanding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3- 18
Radios
AM/FM Stereo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-4
AM/FM Stereo Radios with Cassette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
AMFM Stereo Radios with Cassette Tape Player . . . . 3-6
Rain. Driving In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
Rear Locking Storage Compartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-46
Rear Reading Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-39
1-28
Rear Seat Outside Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RearSeatPassengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-28
5-11
RearTowingHookups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Window Defogger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-3
1-2
Reclining Front Seatbacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-43
Release. Remote Trunk Lid Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Release. Remote LIftgate Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Remote Keyless Entry System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Remote Keyless Entry System. Battery Replacement . . . 2-29
Remote Keyless Entry System. Matching Transmitters . . . 2-6
Remote Keyless Entry System. Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Reminder. Turn Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-29
ReplacementBulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-51
ReplacementParts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-55
Replacement.Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-37
Replacing Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-46
Replacing Seat and Restraint System Parts After a Crash 1-46
Restraints. Checking Your . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-46
Restraints. Child . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-33
Restraints. Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Restraints. Replacing Parts After a Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-46
Reverse (R) Position. Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Right Front Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-25
Roadside Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-5
Roadside Assistance. Canadian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6
9-7
Rocking Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Roof. L u g g y e Carrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rotation. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
...
5-37
Safety Wanlings and Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VIII
2-44
Scheduled
Mamtenance
Services
....................
7-3
6-33
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FoldingThird . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5
Manual Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
Safety Belt Extender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-46
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
Safety Belt Warning Light . . . . . . .Folding
.............
1-8, 2-49
.................................
1-3
Rear
Sallety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-7
Reclining Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
Addts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Folding
.............
1-13
Second
...............................
1-4
......................
1 - 13
Lap-Shoulder
Automatic
Securing a Child Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-34
Careof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-42
1-1
Seats and Restraint Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CenterPassenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-26
Seats and scat~
~ . . . . . .). . . . . . .~. . . . . . .~. . . . . . . ~ 1 - 1 ~
Driver Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I - I2
Second FoldinE Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4
Extender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-36
Second ( 2 ) Position . Autonxttic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
How to Wear Properly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 - 12CoverSecurity
. W2-42
a g o n Cargo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Incorrect Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : . . . . . 1-17 1-14. 1-45
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
LapBelt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
i-24
Service and Appcarancc Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-1
Lap-Shuulder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 - 13. 1-27
Service and Okvner P~tblications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-6
Questions People Ask . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I -1I
service
~
~. orCieri,
lg
~ . . . . . ~. . . . . . . . l. . . . . . . .~ . . .
8-6
~
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-27
service
~~~i~~
soon
~
i . . .~. . . . .l . . . .~. . . . .~ . . . . . .
2-54
RearSeatPassengers
.........................
1-27
Service Manuals . Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
X-7
Replacing After a Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-46
Service Parts Identification Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-47
Right Front Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
Service Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-7
Third Seat Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-26
ser\,
ice work. D ~ )ng
, yOlll
.c
) . .~. . . .~. . . .~. . . .~. . . . . . 6-1
Use by Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-30
ser\,icing your~i ,. B;,~-E',uippeLi ~ ~ . . .~. . . .i. . . .~. 1-24
k
Use by Larger Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-34
SIleet Metu] D ~lafe
~ ~. .,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-45
Use by Smaller Children and Babies . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-30
Shift Lever. SteeringColumn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-21
Use DuringPregnancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-24
Shifting I n t o Park (P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-21
Why The}/ Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-8
Shifting Out o f Park (P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-23
Safety Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3 I
Shifting . Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
Safety Defects
6-17
Shock Absorbers . Superlift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reporting to General Motors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-4
Sidemarker Bulb Replaccnlent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-28
Reporting t o the Canadian Govcr-nmcnt . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
~
i
~T ~~ ~ . ~
.~. ... .~~. . ,. .~l. . . . i. . . .~. . . . ~. . . . .~ . . . . .
2-28
skidding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-12
Reporting to the United States Government . . . . . . . . . 8-3
~
~
.
9-8
i
~
Sound Equipment. Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3- 13
Spare Tire. Compact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-35
Specifications Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-52
Speedolneter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-48
Stains. Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-41
Starting Your Engine. Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . 2- 17
Steam. If Coming From Your Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5- 13
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-8
Steering Column Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-40
Steering Column Shift Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2 1
Steering In Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Steering Wheel. Tilt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-27
4-8
Steering. Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Steering. Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-8
Storage Armrest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45
Storage Compartment. Locking Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-46
6-26
Storage. Of Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-36
Stuck. If You Are . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Superlift Shock Absorbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6- 17
Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-20
x
Symbols. Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Taillamp. Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-30
Tamper Resistant Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-48
Tape Player Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3- 14
Theft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-11
Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20
Third (3) Position. Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 18
Third Seat Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-26
Tilt Steering Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-27
Time. Setting the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
Tire Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-38
Tire Inspection and Rotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-33
TireLoading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-26
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-32
Alignment and Balance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-37
6-35
BuyinFNew . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-25
Changmg a Flat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-32
Inflation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
InspectionandRotation
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-33
Spare. Compact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-35
Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-36
Traction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-36
6-36
Treadwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uniform Quality Grading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-35
6-34
Wear Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WheelReplacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-38
6-34
When It's Time for New . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
To Play a Cassette Tape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-7
To Play a Compact Disc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
TopStrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-33
TorqueLock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-23
Torque, Wheel Nut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-32, 6-53
Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-28
TowingYourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-7
5-9
Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-11
Trailer
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-31
Driving on Grades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Driving with a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-32
4-31
Hitches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance When Towing a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
4-34
Parking on Hills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SafetyChains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-31
Tongue. Weight of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
Total Weight on Your Vehicle's Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-31
9-9
Towinga . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28
4-33
Turn Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Weightof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
Transaxle Fluid. Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6- 14
2-49
Trip Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-8
TrunkLock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-28
Turn Signal Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-29
Turn Signal/Headlamp Beam Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
UnderbodyMaintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-45
Underhood Lamp
..............................
6- I2
Vehicle Damage Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix
Vehicle Dimensions Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-54
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-47
Vehicle Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-26
6-26
VehicleStorage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vehicle Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
x
Vehicle. Control of a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-5
2-4
Vehicle. Leaving Your . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vehicles First Sold in Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
Ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Ventilation System. Flow-Through . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3
VentilationTips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
4-14
Vision.Night . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-10
Visor Vanity Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
....................
VisorsVanityMirrors.Lighted
2-45
2-45
w a g o n Cargo Security Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-42
2-8
Wagon Operation Liftgate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WarningDevices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-2
WarningFlashers.Hazard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Warning Lights. Gages and Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49
6-43
WashingYourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Water. Driving Through Deep Standing . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Weatherstrips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-43
Wheel Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.32.6.53
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
. . . . 6-37
WheelReplacement
6-38
Wheel Replacement. Used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25
Windows. Wagon Rear Vent
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26
Windows. Washer/Wiper Wagon Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-31
Windows.Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-25
2-20. 6-22
Windshield Washer Fluid ....................
2-30
Windshield Washers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windshield Wiper. Blade Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-31
Windshield Wiper. Circuit Breaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-50
2-29
Windshield Wipers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Winter. Driving in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-22
Wiring.Headlamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-50
5-7
WreckerTowing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I
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