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Page 1
PUB.DIM-378
DIGITAL VIDEO CAMCORDER
ENGLISH
Instruction Manual
E
CANON INC.
U.S.A.
CAMESCOPE ET LECTEUR VIDEO NUMERIQUES
CANON U.S.A., INC. NEW JERSEY OFFICE
100 Jamesburg Road, Jamesburg, NJ 08831 USA
FRANÇAIS
Mode d’emploi
CANON U.S.A., INC. CHICAGO OFFICE
100 Park Blvd., Itasca, IL 60143 USA
CANON U.S.A., INC. LOS ANGELES OFFICE
15955 Alton Parkway, Irvine, CA 92618 USA
CANON U.S.A., INC. HONOLULU OFFICE
1020 Auahi Street, Bldg. #8, Honolulu, HI 96814 USA
F
VIDEOCAMARA Y GRABADORA DIGITAL
ESPAÑOL
Manual de Instrucciones
Es
● If you have any questions, call the Canon U.S.A. Information
Center toll-free at 1-800-828-4040 (U.S.A. only).
CANADA
CANON CANADA INC. NATIONAL HEADQUARTERS
6390 Dixie Road, Mississauga, Ontario L5T 1P7
CANON CANADA INC. CALGARY
2828, 16th Street, N.E. Calgary, Alberta T2E 7K7
CANON CANADA INC. MONTREAL
5990 Côte de Liesse, Quebec H4T 1V7
● If you have any questions, call the Canon Canada Information
Center toll-free at 1-800-828-4040. (Canada only)
● Si vous avez des questions, veuillez téléphoner sans frais au
Canada 1-800-828-4040. (Canada seulement)
MEXICO
CENTRO Y
SURAMÉRICA
ASIA
CANON MEXICANA, S. DE R.L. DE C.V.
Periferico Sur No. 4124 Col. Ex-Rancho de Anzaldo C.P. 01900
México, D.F., México
CANON LATIN AMERICA, INC.
6505 Blue Lagoon Drive Suite 325 Miami FL 33126 USA
Mini
CANON HONGKONG COMPANY LTD.
9/F, The Hong Kong Club Building, 3A Chater Road, Central, Hong Kong
NTSC
PUB.DIM-378
0000A/ABXX
© CANON INC. 2001
DY8-9120-271-000
PRINTED IN JAPAN
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Digital
Video
Cassette
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Important Usage Instructions
WARNING:
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT EXPOSE
THIS PRODUCT TO RAIN OR MOISTURE.
E
WARNING:
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK AND TO REDUCE
ANNOYING INTERFERENCE, USE THE RECOMMENDED ACCESSORIES
ONLY.
COPYRIGHT WARNING:
Unauthorized recording of copyrighted materials may infringe on the
rights of copyright owners and be contrary to copyright laws.
Digital Video Camcorder, ZR20 and Compact Power Adapter, CA-560
Introduction
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any
interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for class B digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can
radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and use in accordance with the instructions, may
cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference
will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Use of shielded cable is required to comply with class B limits in Subpart B of Part 15 of FCC Rules.
Do not make any changes or modifications to the equipment unless otherwise specified in the manual.
If such changes or modifications should be made, you could be required to stop operation of the
equipment.
Canon U.S.A. Inc.
One Canon Plaza, Lake Success, NY 11042, U.S.A.
Tel No. (516)328-5600
CAUTION:
TO PREVENT ELECTRIC SHOCK, MATCH WIDE BLADE OF PLUG TO WIDE SLOT,
FULLY INSERT.
Important Warning
CAUTION
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
CAUTION:
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC
SHOCK, DO NOT REMOVE COVER (OR
BACK). NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS
INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO
QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL.
2
The lightning flash with arrowhead
symbol, within an equilateral triangle, is
intended to alert the user to the presence
of uninsulated “dangerous voltage” within
the product’s enclosure, that may be of
sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of
electric shock to persons.
The exclamation point, within an
equilateral triangle, is intended to alert
the user to the presence of important
operating and maintenance (servicing)
instructions in the literature
accompanying the product.
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IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
In these safety instructions the word
“product” refers to the Canon Digital Video
Camcorder ZR20 and all its accessories.
1. Read Instructions — All the safety and
operating instructions should be read
before the product is operated.
2. Retain Instructions — The safety and
operating instructions should be retained
for future reference.
3. Heed Warnings — All warnings on the
product and in the operating instructions
should be adhered to.
4. Follow Instructions — All operating and
maintenance instructions should be
followed.
6. Accessories — Do not use accessories
not recommended in this manual as
they may be hazardous.
7. Avoid magnetic or electric fields — Do
not use the camera close to TV
transmitters, portable communication
devices or other sources of electric or
magnetic radiation. They may cause
picture interference, or permanently
damage the camera.
8. Water and Moisture — Hazard of electric
shock — Do not use this product near
water or in rainy/moist situations.
9. Placing or Moving — Do not place on an
unstable cart, stand, tripod, bracket or
table. The product may fall, causing
serious injury to a child or adult, and
serious damage to the
product.
A product and cart
combination should be
moved with care. Quick
stops, excessive force,
and uneven surfaces may
cause the product and cart combination
to overturn.
11. Polarization — The CA-560 Compact
Power Adapter is equipped with a
polarized 2-prong plug (a plug having
one blade wider than the other).
The 2-prong polarized plug will fit into
the power outlet only one way. This is a
safety feature. If you are unable to insert
the plug fully into the outlet, try reversing
the plug. If the plug still fails to fit,
contact your electrician to replace your
obsolete outlet. Do not defeat the safety
purpose of the polarized plug.
12. Power Cord Protection — Power cords
should be routed so that they are not
likely to be walked on or pinched by
items placed upon or against them. Pay
particular attention to plugs and the point
from which the cords exit the product.
E
Introduction
5. Cleaning — Unplug this product from the
wall outlet before cleaning. Do not use
liquid or aerosol cleaners. The product
should be cleaned only as
recommended in this manual.
10. Power Sources — The CA-560 Compact
Power Adapter should be operated only
from the type of power source indicated
on the marking label. If you are not sure
of the type of power supply to your
home, consult your product dealer or
local power company. Regarding other
power sources such as battery power,
refer to instructions in this manual.
13. Outdoor Antenna Grounding — If an
outside antenna is connected to the
product, be sure the antenna is
grounded so as to provide some
protection against voltage surges and
built-up static charges. Section 810 of
the National Electrical Code, ANSI /
NFPA No. 70—1984, provides
information with respect to proper
grounding of the mast and supporting
structure, grounding of the lead-in wire
to an antenna discharge unit, size of
grounding conductors, location of
antenna discharge unit, connection to
grounding electrodes, and requirements
for the grounding electrode. See figure
1.
3
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EXAMPLE OF ANTENNA GROUNDING AS
PER NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE
Fig. 1
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ANTENNA
LEAD IN
WIRE
GROUND
CLAMP
ANTENNA
DISCHARGE
UNIT
(NEC SECTION
810-20)
ELECTRIC
SERVICE
EQUIPMENT
GROUNDING CONDUCTORS
(NEC SECTION 810-21)
GROUND CLAMPS
Introduction
NEC - NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE
POWER SERVICE
GROUNDING ELECTRODE
SYSTEM
(NEC ART 250. PART H)
14. Lightning — For added protection of this
product during a lightning storm, or when
it is left unattended and unused for long
periods of time, disconnect it from the
wall outlet and disconnect the antenna.
This will prevent damage to the product
due to lightning and power-line surges.
15. Power Lines — An outside antenna
system should not be located in the
vicinity of overhead power lines or other
electric light or power circuits, or where it
can fall into such power lines or circuits.
When installing an outside antenna
system, extreme care should be taken to
keep from touching such power lines or
circuits as contact with them might be
fatal.
16. Overloading — Do not overload wall
outlets and extension cords as this can
result in a risk of fire or electric shock.
17. Objects and Liquid Entry — Never push
objects of any kind into this product
through openings as they may touch
dangerous voltage points or short out
parts that could result in a fire or electric
shock. Be careful not to spill liquid of any
kind onto the product.
18. Servicing — Do not attempt to service
this product yourself as opening or
removing covers may expose you to
dangerous voltage or other hazards.
Refer all servicing to qualified service
personnel.
4
19. Damage Requiring Service —
Disconnect this product from the wall
outlet and all power sources including
battery, and refer servicing to qualified
service personnel under the following
conditions:
a. When the power-supply cord or plug is
damaged.
b. If any liquid has been spilled onto, or
objects have fallen into, the product.
c. If the product has been exposed to
rain or water.
d. If the product does not operate
normally even if you follow the
operating instructions. Adjust only
those controls that are covered by the
operation instructions. Improper
adjustment of other controls may
result in damage and will often require
extensive work by a qualified
technician to restore the product to its
normal operation.
e. If the product has been dropped or the
cabinet has been damaged.
f. When the product exhibits a distinct
change in performance. This indicates
a need for service.
20. Replacement Parts — When
replacement parts are required, be sure
the service technician has used
replacement parts that are specified by
Canon or that have the same
characteristics as the original part.
Unauthorized substitutions may result in
fire, electric shock or other hazards.
21. Safety Check — Upon completion of any
service or repairs to this product, ask the
service technician to perform safety
checks to determine that the product is
in safe operating order.
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Contents
Introduction
Important Usage Instructions ....................2
IMPORTANT SAFETY
INSTRUCTIONS ..................................3
Thank you for Choosing a Canon ..............6
Introducing the ZR20 ................................7
Using the Various Recording Programs ..50
Using Digital Effects ................................54
Audio Recording ......................................59
Setting the Self-Timer ..............................61
~ When Making Manual Adjustments ...~
Finding Your Way Around the ZR20 ........8
Using AE Shift ........................................63
Setting the Shutter Speed ........................64
Adjusting Focus Manually ......................66
Setting the White Balance ........................67
~ Preparations ... ~
~ For Playback ...~
Mastering the Basics
Powering Your Camcorder ......................11
Loading a Cassette ..................................16
~ Basic Recording ... ~
~ Basic Playback ... ~
Playing Back a Cassette ..........................26
Connections for Playback on a
TV Screen............................................30
Tips for Making Better Videos ................33
Using the Full Range of
Features
~ General ... ~
Turning the Image Stabilizer Off ............35
Using the Menus ......................................36
Using the Wireless Controller ..................40
~ For Recording ...~
Setting the Date and Time........................43
Taking Still Pictures ................................46
Using the Floppy Disk Still Image Recorder
FR-100 (optional)................................48
Searching and Reviewing While
Recording ............................................49
The serial number of this product may be found on
the bottom of the camcorder. No others have the
same serial number as yours. You should record
the number and other vital information here and
retain this book as a permanent record of your
purchase to aid identification in case of theft.
Displaying Date, Time and Camcorder Data
(Data Code) ........................................69
Searching the Tape (Photo Search/
Date Search) ........................................72
Returning to a Pre-Marked Position ........73
Editing
Editing to a VCR ......................................74
Dubbing to/from a Cassette with Digital
Video Equipment ................................75
Recording from a VCR, TV or Analog
Camcorder (Analog Line-in) ..............77
Recording Over Existing Scenes
(AV Insert Editing) ..............................79
Audio Dubbing ........................................82
Setting the Audio Mix ..............................85
Connecting to a PC ..................................87
Introduction
Basic Recording ......................................18
Zooming ..................................................22
Using the LCD Screen ............................23
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Additional Information
Preparing the Camcorder..........................88
Notes on Using the Batteries....................90
Maintenance ............................................93
Troubleshooting........................................97
The ZR20 System Diagram....................100
Optional Accessories ..............................101
Screen Displays ......................................104
Specifications..........................................110
Index ......................................................111
Date of Purchase
Dealer Purchased From
Dealer Address
Dealer Phone No.
Model Name ZR20
Serial No.
5
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Thank you for Choosing a Canon
First, we’d like to thank you for
purchasing this Canon camcorder. Its
advanced technology makes it very
easy to use — you will soon be making
high-quality videos which will give you
pleasure for years to come.
E
To get the most out of your new
camcorder, we recommend that you
read this manual thoroughly — there
are many sophisticated features which
will add to your recording enjoyment.
Your camcorder is supplied with the
following accessories:
WL-D74 Wireless
Controller
Two AA batteries
SS-700 Shoulder Strap
Lens cap and lens cap
cord
BP-512 Battery Pack
CA-560 Compact
Power Adapter
(including AC power
cable)
Lithium button battery
S-150 S-video Cable
Introduction
Getting started
To get started we suggest that you
master the basic operations of the
camcorder first, before moving on to
use its full range of features.
For quick reference
In addition to the contents and index
please refer to:
• Finding Your Way Around the
ZR20 ( 8)
• Screen displays ( 104)
• Troubleshooting — in case you run
into any problems ( 97)
Symbols used in this instruction
manual:
: Reference page numbers
: Functions that can be operated
from the body of the camcorder
: Functions that can be operated
from the wireless controller
: Supplementary notes for
camcorder operation
` : Operation confirmation beeps
( 21)
• Capital letters are used to refer to
settings displayed in the menus and
buttons labeled on the camcorder
itself, e.g. Press the MENU button.
6
STV-250N Stereo
Video Cable
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Introducing the ZR20
Compact and Stylish
The ZR20 is small and light. Many
various functions are condensed into
its compact body. Also, the slim and
stylish design makes it easy to carry
and use and shooting videos a pleasure.
IEEE 1394 DV Terminal
Still Photos
Just press the photo
button to capture still
pictures.
2.5” LCD Screen
A 2.5” LCD screen
makes it easy for you to
shoot colorful, well
composed video. It is
also great for playback.
Image Stabilizer
Stabilizes your
recordings even in long
telephoto shots.
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From wide-angle to 10×
telephoto—with
unparalleled optical
quality. The digital zoom
magnifies this up to
200× for even more
dramatic results.
Digital Effects
Advanced digital
technology allows you to
add special effects during
recording or playback.
Audio Dubbing/AV Insert
Editing
Introduction
Using a DV cable,
connect the ZR20 to a PC
equipped with a DV
terminal and transfer your
original images to your
PC.
10× Lens and
40×/200× Digital Zoom
Add new sound to
original sound, or
replace original sound
and images on a
pre-recorded tape.
Analog Line-in Recording
Connect to a VCR or
analog camcorder and
record onto a DV tape in
the ZR20.
Internal charging
The ZR20 can charge a battery pack
itself, smoothing the transition between
charging and shooting, and allowing
for a smaller, lighter AC power
adapter.
PCM Digital Sound
7
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Finding Your Way Around the ZR20
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REC SEARCH + button (p. 49)/
(fast forward) button (p. 26)
Record review button (p. 49)/
REC (record) SEARCH – button(p. 49)/
(rewind) button (p. 26)
FOCUS button (p. 66)/
(play/pause) button (p. 26)
AE SHIFT button (p. 63)/
(stop) button (p. 26)
BATT. (battery) RELEASE
button (p. 13)
Mastering
the Basics
LCD screen (p. 23)
Backup battery
cover (p. 92)
Battery attachment
unit (p. 12)
LCD panel OPEN button (p. 23)
Strap attachment bar (p. 89)
Selector dial (p. 29, 38)
DC IN
9.5V
CHARGE indicator (p. 12)
CHARGE
DC IN terminal (p. 11)
Self-timer button (p. 61)/
REC PAUSE (LINE-IN) button
(p. 76, 78)
Program selector (p. 50)
REC PAUSE
(LINE-IN)
P
Easy
Recording
DIGITAL EFFECTS button
(p. 57)
DIGITAL
EFFECTS
Digital effects ON/OFF
button (p. 57)
8
ON/OFF
MENU
P
Program
AE
MENU button (p. 38)
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Viewfinder focusing lever (p. 88)
Viewfinder protect cover (p. 94)
PHOTO button (p. 46)
Accessory shoe
Zoom controller (p. 22)
Speaker (p. 29)
Mastering
the Basics
Viewfinder (p. 88, 94)
Strap attachment bar (p. 89)
POWER indicator (p. 18)
Start/Stop button (p. 19)
Grip belt (p. 88)
POWER switch (p. 18)
C AM ER A
}
•
OFF
•
PLAY(VCR)
•
CAMERA
OFF
PLAY(VCR)
Cassette compartment cover
(p. 16)
Cassette compartment (p. 16)
9
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Terminal cover
Remote sensor (p. 40)
Stereo microphone (p. 82)
Terminal cover
S-video IN/OUT
terminal (p. 31)
S
IN/OUT
AV
Mastering
the Basics
IN/OUT
AV (audio/video) IN/OUT
terminal (p. 30)/
H (phones) terminal (p. 30)
DV IN/OUT
terminal (p. 75, 79)
DV
u (LANC) terminal (p. 74)
IN/OUT
Bottom view
MIC
OPEN/EJECT
switch (p. 16)
MIC terminal (p. 59, 82)
Tripod socket (p. 33)
PHOTO button (p. 46)
Transmitter
START/STOP
button (p. 19)
Zoom buttons (p. 22)
MENU button (p. 38)
SELF TIMER button (p. 61)
Controller buttons (p. 38)
START
/STOP PHOTO
SELF
TIMER
TV SCREEN button (p. 104)
DATA CODE button (p. 69)
D. EFFECTS (Digital effects)
button (p. 57)
AUDIO MONITOR button
(p. 85)
REC PAUSE button (p. 76)
ZERO SET MEMORY button
(p. 73)
10
ZOOM
W
T
SET button (p. 38)
MENU
TV
SCREEN
SET
DATA
CODE D.EFFECTS
REC SEARCH
PAUSE SELECT
ZERO SET
MEMORY REW
PLAY
FF
AUDIO
DUB.
STOP
+/
–/
A/V
INSERT PAUSE
Digital effects ON/OFF button (p. 57)
ON/OFF
MIX
AUDIO
BALANCE
ST-2
MONITOR ST-1
SLOW
×2
REMOTE SET
WIRELESS CONTROLLER WL-D74
MIX BALANCE buttons (p. 85)
Search buttons (p. 72)
SEARCH SELECT button (p. 72)
FF
button (p. 26)
PLAY
button (p. 26)
button (p. 27)
× 2 button (p. 28)
STOP
button (p. 26)
AUDIO DUB. button (p. 84)
SLOW
AV INSERT button (p. 81)
REW
REMOTE SET button (p. 41)
button (p. 27)
PAUSE
button (p. 27)
button (p. 27)
button (p. 26)
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Powering Your Camcorder
Before operating your camcorder, you will need to use the power adapter to:
E
Provide power from an AC outlet
or
Charge a battery pack
Notes:
• The power adapter converts current from a household power socket (100–240 V
AC, 50/60 Hz) to the DC current used by your camcorder.
• If the adapter is used next to a TV, it may cause bars to appear on the TV —
move the adapter away from the TV or the antenna cable.
Connecting the camcorder to an AC outlet
1
CAMERA
OFF
4
2
Mastering
the Basics
PLAY(VCR)
3
Use the power adapter to provide your camcorder with instant power from an AC
outlet. Always turn the camcorder off before connecting/removing the power
source.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Set the POWER switch to OFF.
Connect the power adapter to the camcorder’s DC IN terminal.
Connect the power cable to the power adapter.
Plug the power cable into an AC outlet.
Disconnect the power adapter from the camcorder after use.
Unplug the power cable from the AC outlet, then disconnect it from
the adapter.
11
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Attaching and charging the battery packs
1
CAMERA
OFF
PLAY(VCR)
DC IN
9.5V
CHARGE
3
2
4
Mastering
the Basics
Charge indicator
Your battery pack was partially charged before it left the factory. It should have
enough power for you to check that your camcorder is working properly.
However, you must charge the battery pack fully if you want it to power the
camcorder for more than a few minutes.
Always turn the camcorder off and raise the viewfinder before
connecting/removing the battery.
1. Set the POWER switch to OFF.
2. Attach the battery to the camcorder.
• Remove the battery pack’s terminal cover.
• Rotate the viewfinder upwards.
• With the triangle on the battery pack pointing downwards, align the edge of
the battery pack with the line on the camcorder, press lightly and slide the
battery down until it clicks into place.
3. Connect the power adapter to the camcorder.
4. Connect the power cable to the adapter and plug it into an AC
outlet.
• The charge indicator flashes red to show that charging is in progress. Single
flashes mean that the battery pack is less than 75% charged. Double flashes
mean that it is more than 75% charged. The indicator glows steadily when
the battery pack is fully charged. If the indicator blinks rapidly and
continuously (twice a second), the battery pack may be defective.
• The battery pack will also charge when the POWER switch is turned to
positions other than OFF. The CHARGE indicator may both flash or stay lit.
12
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5. When charging is complete, disconnect the power adapter from the
camcorder. Unplug the power cable from the AC outlet, then
disconnect it from the adapter.
6. Remove the battery pack after use.
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• Rotate the viewfinder upwards.
• Press and hold the BATT. RELEASE button while you slide the battery up.
Notes:
• Never connect an unspecified product to the camcorder’s DC terminal.
Likewise, do not connect the power adapter to an unspecified product.
• You can find detailed notes for using the batteries in the “Notes on Using the
Batteries” ( 90). These notes include charging and recording times and how
to install the backup battery.
CA-560 Compact Power Adapter
Mastering
the Basics
Specifications
Power supply
Power consumption
Rated output
Operating temperature range
Dimensions
Weight
100–240 V AC, 50/60 Hz
34 W
9.5 V, 2.7 A DC
32°F–104°F (0°C–40°C)
2 1/4 × 1 1/8 × 4 1/8 in (57 × 28 × 104 mm)
6 3/8 oz (180 g) (without power cable)
Weight and dimensions are approximate.
Errors and omissions excepted.
Subject to change without notice.
When replacement of power supply is required, please return it to the
responsible nearest Canon Service Center and please replace it with the same
type number CA-560 or equivalent.
The Adapter can be used with a power supply between 100 and 240 V AC. For
areas where 120 V AC power is not used, you will need a special plug adapter.
Contact your nearest Canon Service Center for further information.
13
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Using the Charge Adapter CR-560 Kit (optional)
The Compact Power Adapter CA-560 included with the camcorder can be used
along with the CR-560 Kit for 3 different ways to power the camcorder or charge
battery packs:
1. Charge the BP-500 Series battery packs with power from your car battery.
2. Operate the camcorder with power from your car battery.
3. Charge the BP-500 Series battery packs from a household AC outlet.
The Charge Adapter/Car Battery Cable Kit CR-560 includes the following:
Mastering
the Basics
Charge Adapter
Car Battery Cable
DC Cable
1. Charge the BP-500 Series battery packs with power from your car
battery.
1 or 2 battery pack(s) + Charge Adapter + Car Battery Cable→ car’s cigarette
lighter
CHARGE
To car’s
cigarette lighter
• Fast charging for the high-capacity BP-522 and BP-535 (both optional). Fifteen
minutes of charging gives 60 minutes of recording (using the viewfinder).
14
Time required for full charge
from car battery or household outlet
BP-512
1 hr. 20 min.
BP-511 (optional)
1 hr. 20 min.
BP-522 (optional)
1 hr. 40 min.
BP-535 (optional)
2 hr. 30 min.
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2. Operate the camcorder with power from your car battery.
Camcorder + DC Cable + Charge Adapter + Car Battery Cable → car’s
cigarette lighter
E
To car’s
cigarette lighter
1 or 2 battery pack(s) + Charge Adapter + Compact Power Adapter
Mastering
the Basics
3. Charge the BP-500 Series battery packs from a household AC
outlet.
CHARGE
• Fast charging for the high-capacity BP-522 and BP-535 (both optional). Fifteen
minutes of charging gives 60 minutes of recording (using the viewfinder).
Note:
• For full details of how to use the CR-560, refer to its instruction manual.
15
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Loading a Cassette
E
PU
SH
OPEN/EJECT
Only use videocassettes marked with the D logo.*
Mastering
the Basics
Loading and unloading
1. Make sure that you have attached a power source.
2. Slide the OPEN / EJECT 5 switch (on the bottom of the
camcorder) to release the cassette compartment cover.
• Pull the cover fully open (while holding the button) and wait a couple of
seconds for the cassette compartment to open automatically.
• The confirmation beep sounds when the cassette cover fully opens.
3. Load or unload the cassette.
• Insert the cassette gently with the window facing the grip belt, and the
REC/SAVE tab up.
• Remove the cassette by pulling it straight out.
4. Press the P mark on the compartment until it clicks, and wait
for it to close.
5. Click the cover back into place.
* D is a trade mark.
16
Notes:
• Do not interfere with the cassette compartment while it is opening or closing
automatically, and do not attempt to close the cover until the cassette
compartment has fully retracted.
• After loading a cassette, use record search ( 49) to find the point where you
want to start recording.
• Be careful not to get your fingers caught in the cassette compartment cover.
• Do not leave the cassette in the camcorder after use — return it to its case and
store it in a cool, clean, dry place.
• When you turn the camcorder’s power on, v flashes in the display until you
load a cassette.
• With some types of tapes, the remaining tape display may not give an accurate
reading ( 105).
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Protecting tapes from accidental erasure
E
REC
SAVE
REC
SAVE
To protect your recording from accidental erasure, slide the tab on the cassette so
that it exposes the hole. (This switch position is usually labeled SAVE or ERASE
OFF.)
If you load this cassette and put the camcorder in record pause mode ( 18),
“THE TAPE IS SET FOR ERASURE PREVENTION” is displayed for approx. 4
seconds and then the v mark flashes in the display.
If you want to record on the cassette again, slide the tab back so the hole is closed.
• To protect the tape heads, transfer cassettes directly from the tape case to the
camcorder — do not open the tape protect cover or touch the tape itself.
• Do not use cassettes where the tape has been damaged or spliced — they may
damage the camcorder.
• Do not insert anything into the small holes on the cassette or cover them with
cellophane tape.
• Handle cassettes with care — dropping them or exposing them to external
shocks may cause internal damage.
• Store cassettes in the provided case, first rewinding them to the start of the tape
and then storing them upright.
• A cassette with metal plated terminals may become dirty with use, affecting
information transfer. Therefore, after using a tape about 10 times, be sure to
clean the terminals with a cotton swab.
Mastering
the Basics
Handling cassettes
Cassette memory
You are unable to use the cassette memory function with this camcorder.
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Basic Recording
E
3
1
CAMERA
OFF
PLAY(VCR)
P
4, 5
CAMERA
OFF
PLAY(VCR)
Before you start recording
Mastering
the Basics
Have you completed the following steps?
• Attached a power source ( 12).
• Removed the lens cap ( 88) and fastened the shoulder strap (
• Chosen the display: viewfinder ( 88) or LCD screen ( 23)
89).
Notes:
• When you’re using the viewfinder, fully close the LCD or rotate the LCD so
that it faces the same direction as the lens ( 23).
• When using the viewfinder with the BP-522 or BP-535 Battery Pack (both
optional) attached, extend the viewfinder and rotate it to a comfortable angle.
You may also want to install the backup battery (
and time display ( 43).
92) in order to set the date
To record
1. Press the small green button on the POWER switch and hold, turn
the POWER switch to CAMERA.
• The camcorder automatically sets to record pause mode. PAUSE appears in
the display.
• If you haven’t set the date and time display, SET THE TIME ZONE, DATE
AND TIME appears in the display. For setting the time zone, see p. 43. For
setting the date and time, see p. 45.
• The camcorder power indicator lights up red.
• The confirmation beep sounds.
• The camcorder will turn itself off if you leave it in record pause mode for
more than about 5 minutes. To return to record pause mode, turn the
POWER dial to OFF and then back to CAMERA.
2. Load a cassette (
18
16).
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3. Slide the program selector to [.
• This selects the camcorder’s Easy Recording program. It allows you to
simply point and shoot without making any manual adjustments ( 52).
E
4. Press and release the start/stop button once to begin recording.
• For still image recording, see p. 46.
5. Press and release the start/stop button again to pause recording.
• The camcorder returns to record pause mode and PAUSE reappears in the
display.
• You can stop and restart recording as often as you like by pressing the
start/stop button.
Note:
• After loading a cassette, start recording when the tape counter has stopped.
When you have finished recording
Replace the lens cap.
Return the viewfinder to its retracted position.
Return the LCD screen flush to the camcorder body.
Unload the cassette.
Turn the POWER switch to OFF.
Disconnect the power source.
Mastering
the Basics
•
•
•
•
•
•
Notes:
• To check that the camcorder is recording correctly, make a test recording first.
• Before making important recordings, clean the video heads using a Canon
DVM-CL Digital Video Head Cleaning Cassette or a commercially available
digital video head cleaning cassette.
• To close the LCD panel, rotate it vertically until the screen faces you, then press
the upper right corner until it clicks securely closed.
• You cannot monitor the sound from the speaker when recording.
• For tips on how to make better videos, see p. 33.
• For extra recording time, set REC MODE to LP ( 20).
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Changing the recording mode (SP/LP)
You can record and play back a tape in SP (standard play) and LP (long play)
modes. LP extends tape usage by 1.5 times.
You can’t add sound (audio dubbing) or images (AV insert) to a tape that has
been recorded in LP mode. If you plan to use either of these functions later,
record in SP mode.
CAMERA
,
PLAY
(VCR)
VCR SET UP
(
REC MODE••••SP
36)
Mastering
the Basics
To change to LP mode, open the menu and select VCR SET UP. Then select
REC MODE, set it to LP and close the menu.
20
Notes:
• When recording and playing back tapes in LP mode, the nature of the tape and
usage conditions may affect recording, mosaic-like noise may appear in the
image and the sound may be distorted during playback. For important
recordings, therefore, set the camera to SP mode.
• If you record in both modes on the same tape, the picture may become distorted
during playback and the time code may not be written correctly.
• A tape recorded in LP mode on other digital equipment may produce mosaiclike noise and the sound may become distorted when played back on this
camcorder, and vice versa.
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16:9 (Widescreen TV recording)
E
Produces images in the 16:9 format for
playback on widescreen TVs.
CAMERA
CAM.SET UP
(
16:9••••••••OFF
36)
To switch 16:9 to ON, open the menu and select CAM.SET UP. Then select
16:9, set it to ON and close the menu.
Confirmation/Warning beeps
Mastering
the Basics
Notes:
• “16:9” is shown in the display when you switch the 16:9 mode on.
• You cannot use the 16:9 mode with the Easy Recording program.
• If you play back a recording made for 16:9 on a normal TV screen, the image
will appear to be vertically “squashed” (compressed).
• If you connect the camcorder to a TV with an S1 terminal or the Video ID-1
system, recordings made in the 16:9 mode for wide screen TVs will
automatically play back in wide screen mode on the TV screen.
The camcorder’s short operation confirmation beeps are indicated by ` in the
illustrations. Beeps sound upon certain camcorder operations such as when you
turn the camcorder on, during the self-timer countdown, right before the
camcorder’s automatic shut-off, and also upon any unusual condition of the
camcorder. Beeps are not recorded on the tape.
CAMERA
,
PLAY
(VCR)
SYSTEM
(
BEEP••••••••ON
36)
To turn the beep off, open the menu and select SYSTEM. Then select BEEP,
set it to OFF and close the menu.
21
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Zooming
Zoom in
E
W
T
Zoom out
Mastering
the Basics
10× optical zoom
The camcorder’s 10× zoom lens allows you to choose the best picture angle for
each scene:
• Move the zoom control towards W to zoom out to wide-angle.
• Move it towards T to zoom in to telephoto.
You can also control the speed of zooming:
• Move the control slightly to zoom slowly.
• Move it farther to zoom more quickly. (The farther you move the zoom control,
the faster the zoom speed.)
The T and W buttons on the wireless controller adjust the picture angle, but not
the zoom speed.
40×/200× digital zoom
Magnifies the camcorder’s zoom range by up to 20×.
The zoom control continues to work as usual. You can freely zoom in and out
between 1× and 200× magnification — the camcorder automatically switches
between optical zooming (up to 10×) and digital zooming (10× to 200×).
CAMERA
CAM.SET UP
(
22
D.ZOOM••••••40×
36)
To change the digital zoom, open the menu and select CAM.SET UP. Then
select D.ZOOM, set it to OFF or 200× and close the menu.
Notes:
• When zooming, as a rule, keep at least 3 ft 33/8 in (1 m) between you and your
subject. However when the zoom is at the wide-angle position, you can focus
on a subject as close as 3/8 in (1 cm).
• Image resolution is slightly lower when the magnification is greater than 10×.
• The zoom indicator appears for 4 seconds. When the digital zoom is set to 40×,
the zoom indicator extends (light blue).
When the digital zoom is set to 200× zoom, the zoom indicator extends again (a
darker blue).
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Using the LCD Screen
Opening and closing the LCD screen
E
Slide the LCD panel OPEN button and
open the panel by pulling it away from
the camcorder. This automatically
switches the LCD screen on and the
viewfinder off. When you close the
LCD panel, press the upper corner
until it clicks closed. The LCD screen
automatically switches off and the
viewfinder switches back on.
Mastering
the Basics
Changing the angle of the LCD screen
You can choose the angle of the screen
that suits you best by opening and
rotating the screen, also you can rotate
the LCD screen so that faces in the
direction of the lens ( 25).
180°
90°
90°
You can also push the panel flat
against the camcorder until it is flush
with the side, with the screen facing
outwards.
23
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Notes:
Avoid touching the LCD screen when moving the LCD panel.
Do not hold the camcorder by the LCD panel or the viewfinder.
Make sure you open the LCD panel at 90°, before attempting to rotate it.
Always rotate the LCD panel vertically into place, before closing it or pushing
it flat against the side of the camcorder.
• Always fully close the LCD panel until it clicks securely.
• Be careful not to leave the LCD, viewfinder or lens exposed to direct sunlight
outdoors or in a window. Doing so could cause damage.
• Bright light falling on the LCD screen may cause glare that makes it difficult
for you to view the image. In this case, switch to using the viewfinder. You are
also able to adjust the brightness of the screen (see “Adjusting the LCD screen”
below).
•
•
•
•
Adjusting the LCD screen
Mastering
the Basics
You can adjust the brightness of the LCD screen.
CAMERA
,
PLAY
(VCR)
DISP.SET UP
(
BRIGHTNESS••–
+
36)
Open the menu and select DISP.SET UP from the menu. Then select
BRIGHTNESS, adjust the level with the selector dial and close the menu.
A bar showing the level appears in the display.
• Turn the selector dial up to make the display brighter.
• Turn the selector dial down to make the display darker.
Notes:
• The camcorder will remember your brightness setting even after you turn it off.
• The brightness of the LCD does not affect that of the recorded images or the
viewfinder.
About the LCD Screen
The LCD screen built into this camcorder is a high precision product.
However, small black dots or bright points of light (red, blue or green) may
appear constantly on the LCD screen. This is not a malfunction of the LCD screen
and they are not recorded on the tape. (Effective dots: more than 99.99%)
24
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Allowing the subject to monitor recording
E
When you turn the LCD panel so that it
faces the same direction as the lens,
you can watch yourself during
recording or let your subject monitor
recording. The viewfinder is also
activated when the panel is in this
position. (Adjusting the viewfinder,
88)
• You can choose the display style,
reversed (mirror on) or not (mirror
off). The recording itself is
unaffected regardless of which one
you choose.
CAMERA
MIRROR••••••ON
36)
To turn the mirror mode off, open the menu and select DISP.SET UP. Then
select MIRROR, set it to OFF and close the menu.
Mastering
the Basics
DISP.SET UP
(
The indicators that appear in the LCD display when MIRROR is
turned on:
REC
REC PAUSE
EJECT
Self-timer (
61)
• These and all other indicators appear normally in the viewfinder.
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Playing Back a Cassette
E
REC
SEARCH
REC
SEARCH
FOCUS
AE SHIFT
CAMERA
OFF
PLAY(VCR)
Mastering
the Basics
You can use the LCD screen for instant, on-the-spot playback. The camcorder also
plays back the sound track via the built-in speaker ( 29).
• When you play back a tape, you can also close the LCD panel with its screen
side facing up.
• When you’re using the viewfinder to view playback, close the LCD panel.
To play back your recordings on a TV, see p. 30.
To use the wireless controller, see p. 40.
Note:
• To avoid accidental recording, make sure that you slide the tab on the cassette
so that it exposes the hole (the switch position is usually labeled SAVE or
ERASE OFF).
1. Attach a power source and turn the POWER switch to PLAY
(VCR).
• The power indicator lights up green.
2. Load the cassette.
3. Press the e (play) button to start playback.
• To end playback, press the 3 (stop) button.
• To wind the tape forwards, stop playback and press the 1 (fast forward)
button.
• To wind the tape backwards, stop playback and press the ` (rewind)
button.
• If the playback picture is rough (mosaic-like noise), clean the video heads
using a Canon DVM-CL Digital Video Head Cleaning Cassette or a
commercially available digital video head cleaning cassette.
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Other playback modes
Playback pause
Press the a (pause) button. To resume normal playback, press it again, or press
the e (play) button. The camcorder automatically goes into stop mode after about
5 minutes’ playback pause.
E
Fast forward playback
To play back the recording at about 9.5 times normal speed, press and hold the
1 (fast forward) button during normal playback or press and hold the 1 (fast
forward) button during normal fast forward.
Rewind playback
For reverse playback at about 9.5 times normal speed, press and hold the
` (rewind) button during normal playback or press and hold the ` (rewind)
button during normal rewind.
Frame Advance
To play back frame by frame, press the
+/ ae button repeatedly during
playback pause.
Press and hold to play back continuous
frame advance.
REW
PLAY
FF
–/
STOP
+/
PAUSE
SLOW
Mastering
the Basics
Special playback
×2
Frame Reverse
To play back in reverse frame by frame,
press the –/4a button repeatedly during
playback pause.
Press and hold to play back continuous frame reverse.
Slow Forward Playback
To play back at about 1/5 normal speed, press the SLOW M button during normal
playback.
Press the PLAY e button to return to normal playback.
• The camcorder automatically returns to playback after about 30 seconds of slow
playback.
27
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Slow Reverse Playback
To play back in reverse at about 1/5 normal speed, press the –/4a button and
then the SLOW M button during normal playback.
Press the PLAY e button to return to normal playback.
• The camcorder automatically returns to ×1 reverse playback after about 30
seconds of slow playback.
Reverse Playback
To play back in reverse at normal speed, press the –/4a button during normal
forward playback.
Press the PLAY e button to return to normal forward playback.
• The camcorder automatically goes into stop mode after about 2 minutes of
paused reverse playback.
Mastering
the Basics
Forward ×2 Playback
Press the ×2 button during normal playback.
Press the PLAY e button to return to normal playback.
Reverse ×2 Playback
Press the –/4a button and then the ×2 button during normal playback.
Press the PLAY e button to return to normal playback.
Notes:
• Mosaic-like noise appears on the screen during some of the special playback modes.
• There’s no audio during special playback.
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Built-in speaker
E
The camcorder has a built-in speaker so you can review the sound track alongside
the picture during tape playback. The built-in speaker is monaural.
Notes:
• Sometimes audio may sound distorted when the volume is turned up high. If
this happens, turn down the volume.
• The speaker turns off when the camcorder is set to any mode other than PLAY
(VCR) mode.
Mastering
the Basics
Adjust the speaker volume by turning the selector dial.
• Turn the selector dial up to increase the volume, and down to lower the volume.
• A bar appears in the display to indicate the current volume. It disappears in 4
seconds.
• You can turn off the volume completely by turning the selector dial down until
OFF appears.
Using the headphones
• You can also use the headphones to monitor the sound track. Change the setting
of the AV/headphones terminal through the menu ( 30).
• You can adjust the headphone volume separately from the built-in speaker,
either during PLAY (VCR) mode or CAMERA mode. The volume level is the
same regardless of mode.
• The levels you adjust for the built-in speaker and headphones are memorized
separately. The camcorder remembers your levels even if you turn the
camcorder off and back on again.
• The speaker turns off when you use headphones.
29
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Connections for Playback on a TV Screen
E
You can connect the camcorder to a TV or VCR in order to play back your
recordings. You will need to attach a power source to the camcorder ( 11).
Power off all devices before starting the connections.
See your TV or VCR instruction manual for further details.
Switching the AV/headphone terminal
AV
IN/OUT
Mastering
the Basics
MIC
Through the menu, the camcorder’s AV/headphone terminal can be switched to
function as either the AV terminal or the headphone terminal.
CAMERA
,
PLAY
(VCR)
VCR SET UP
(
AV/PHONES•••AV
36)
Open the menu and select VCR SET UP. Then select AV/PHONES and set it
to AV or PHONES.
• When the terminal is switched to PHONES, PHONES appears in the display.
Using the headphones
• Make sure you switch the AV/headphones terminal to PHONES before using
headphones. If the AV/headphones terminal is not switched to PHONES before
you use the headphones, noise will come out from the headphones.
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If your TV (or VCR) has an S (S1) -video input terminal
For higher picture quality, we recommend playing back recordings on a TV with
an S (S1) terminal. If you connect the camcorder to a TV with an S1 terminal,
recordings made in the 16:9 mode for wide screen TVs will automatically play
back in wide screen mode on the TV screen.
S
E
DV
IN/OUT IN/OUT
INPUT
S-150 S-video Cable
S(S1)-VIDEO
VIDEO
AUDIO
AV
IN/OUT
L
STV-250N Stereo Video Cable
R
MIC
Mastering
the Basics
When connecting for playback on a TV screen, make sure the AV/headphone
terminal is switched to AV. If PHONES appears in the display, switch the terminal.
• Use the S-150 S-video Cable to connect the S-video terminals. Use the
STV-250N Stereo Video Cable to connect the AUDIO terminals. Connect the
white plug to the white AUDIO terminal L (left). Connect the red plug to the red
AUDIO terminal R (right). Do not connect the yellow plug.
• If you are connecting the camcorder to a TV, set the TV/VIDEO selector on the
television to VIDEO.
• If you are connecting the camcorder to a VCR, set the input selector on the
VCR to LINE.
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If your TV (or VCR) has audio/video input terminals
INPUT
VIDEO
AV
IN/OUT
STV-250N Stereo Video Cable
AUDIO
L
Mastering
the Basics
MIC
32
R
When connecting for playback on a TV screen, make sure the AV/headphone
terminal is switched to AV. If PHONES appears in the display, switch the terminal.
• Connect the camcorder using the STV-250N Stereo Video Cable. Connect the
white plug to the white audio terminal L (left). Connect the red plug to the red
audio terminal R (right). Connect the yellow plug to the yellow video terminal
VIDEO.
• If you are connecting the camcorder to a TV, set the TV/VIDEO selector on the
television to VIDEO.
• If you are connecting the camcorder to a VCR, set the input selector on the
VCR to LINE.
Notes:
• If you are going to use the TV as a monitor while you are shooting, remember
to keep the TV volume turned down as long as the camcorder’s audio terminals
are connected. If the sound from the TV speakers is picked up by the
microphone, an unpleasant high-pitched squeal, called feedback, may be
produced.
• For TVs having the Video ID-1 system:
If you connect the camera to the TV’s S terminal or video in terminal,
recordings made in the 16:9 mode for wide screen TVs will automatically play
back in wide screen mode on the TV screen.
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Tips for Making Better Videos
Holding the camcorder
For maximum stability, grip the camcorder in your right
hand and keep your right elbow pressed against your body.
If necessary support the camcorder with your left hand.
With practice, you will be able to operate the controls by
touch, without taking your eye off the action.
E
Using a tripod
Mastering
the Basics
To prevent any unwanted movement, you can mount the
camcorder on a tripod, (or any flat surface at a suitable
height) and operate it with the wireless controller.
• When you are using a tripod, be careful not to leave the
viewfinder exposed to bright sunlight or it may melt.
(The light is concentrated by the viewfinder lens.)
• Make sure that the fastening screw of the tripod is no
longer than 1/4 inch (5.5 mm), or it will damage the
camcorder.
Composition
The most important element in the scene does not have to
be in the center. For a more interesting picture, try to
position your subject so it is slightly to one side. Leave
some space on the side of the frame that the subject is
facing or moving towards.
Don’t cut off the top of the subject’s head, and don’t cut
people off at the neck, hips or knees (move a little bit
above or below).
Watch out for distracting objects in the background.
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Picture angle
Instead of zooming while recording, try
to choose your picture angle before you
begin. A good way to tell a story with
video is to begin with a long shot that
establishes the situation, and then move
in with medium shots and close-ups to
show the details. Remember to change
your viewpoint for each shot.
Long shot
Medium shot
Close-up
Remember that any camcorder
movement or change in picture angle
should have a definite purpose. Avoid
unnecessary or half-hearted
movements.
Mastering
the Basics
Camcorder moves
Use pans to record a landscape or
follow a moving subject. Decide the
area you want to cover and stand facing
the end of your panning angle. Without
moving your feet, turn your waist to the
starting position. Start recording, and
after a few seconds begin to turn slowly
from the waist. Hold the final image for
a few seconds before you stop
recording.
Tilt the camcorder up to exaggerate the
height of the subject. Tilt down from
the top of a building, for example, as an
introduction to subjects at the bottom.
34
Pan
Tilt
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Turning the Image Stabilizer Off
E
MENU
With most camcorders, even the slightest hand movements will be noticeable
during telephoto recording. However, the ZR20’s image stabilizer allows you to
obtain steady recordings even at high magnification.
CAMERA
CAM.SET UP
(
IMAGE S.
•ON
36)
Notes:
• The image stabilizer is designed to deal with a normal degree of camcorder
shake.
• Keep the image stabilizer turned off when the camcorder is mounted on a
tripod.
• The image stabilizer is not as effective as usual during the Low Light mode.
Using the Full
Range of Features
To turn the image stabilizer off, open the menu and select CAM.SET UP.
Then select IMAGE S. i, set it to OFF and close the menu.
• The i mark disappears from the display when the stabilizer is off.
• The image stabilizer cannot be turned off when the program selector is set to
the [ (Easy Recording) position.
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Using the Menus
E
Many of the camcorder’s advanced functions are selected from menus which
appear in the display.
There are 2 main menus:
CAM. MENU Camera menu
VCR MENU
VCR menu
(
(
36)
37)
List of Menus
Turn to the appropriate page for a detailed explanation of each function.
2 CAM. MENU
CAMERA
Set the POWER switch to CAMERA.
There are 4 submenus within the CAM. MENU.
Using the Full
Range of Features
1
2
3
4
5
To camera set up submenu
To VCR set up submenu
To display set up submenu
To system submenu
Close main menu
CAM.MENU
1
3
5
SEL.SETSET
MENUCLOSE
CAM.SET UP
VCR SET UP
DISP.SET UP
SYSTEM
RETURN
2
4
1 Camera set up submenu
q
w
e
r
t
y
Shutter speed.........................
Digital zoom .........................
Image stabilizer.....................
16:9 effect .............................
White balance .......................
Return
64
22
35
21
67
CAM.SET UP
q
e
t
SEL.SETSET
MENUCLOSE
SHUTTER•••••AUTO
D.ZOOM••••••40×
IMAGE S.
•ON
16:9••••••••OFF
WHITE BAL.••AUTO
RETURN
w
r
y
2 VCR set up submenu
u
i
o
!0
!1
36
Record mode.........................
Wind screen ..........................
Audio mode ..........................
AV or headphones.................
Return
20
60
59
30
VCR SET UP
u
o
!1
SEL.SETSET
MENUCLOSE
REC MODE••••SP
WIND SCREEN•OFF
AUDIO MODE••12bit
AV/PHONES•••AV
RETURN
i
!0
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3 Display set up submenu
!2
!3
!4
!5
!6
Brightness ............................. 24
Mirror mode.......................... 25
TV screen............................ 104
Date/time display.................. 45
Return
!2
!4
!6
SEL.SETSET
MENUCLOSE
+
BRIGHTNESS••–
MIRROR••••••ON
TV SCREEN•••ON
D/T DISPLAY•OFF
RETURN
E
DISP.SET UP
!3
!5
4 System submenu
!7 Wireless controller................
!8 Beep ......................................
!9 Time zone/Daylight
saving time............................
@0 Date/time set .........................
@1 Return
2 VCR MENU
41
21
43
45
SYSTEM
!7
!9
@1
SEL.SETSET
MENUCLOSE
WL.REMOTE•••
1
BEEP••••••••ON
T.ZONE/DST••–––
D/TIME SET••–––.––,––––
––:–– ––
RETURN
!8
@0
PLAY
(VCR)
1
2
3
4
To VCR set up submenu
To display set up submenu
To system submenu
Close main menu
VCR MENU
1
3
SEL.SETSET
MENUCLOSE
VCR SET UP
DISP.SET UP
SYSTEM
RETURN
2
4
Using the Full
Range of Features
Set the POWER switch to PLAY(VCR).
There are 3 submenus within the VCR MENU.
1 VCR set up submenu
q
w
e
r
t
y
u
Record mode.........................
Output channel......................
Audio dubbing ......................
Wind screen ..........................
Audio mode ..........................
AV or headphones.................
Return
20
86
83
60
59
30
VCR SET UP
q
e
t
u
SEL.SETSET
MENUCLOSE
REC MODE••••SP
OUTPUT CH•••L/R
AUDIO DUB.••AUDIO IN
WIND SCREEN•–––
AUDIO MODE••12bit
AV/PHONES•••AV
RETURN
w
r
y
37
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VCR MENU, cont.
E
2 Display set up submenu
i
o
!0
!1
!2
!3
Brightness ............................. 24
Displays .............................. 104
6-second auto date ................ 71
Data code .............................. 70
Date/time select .................... 69
Return
DISP.SET UP
i
!0
!2
SEL.SETSET
MENUCLOSE
+
BRIGHTNESS••–
DISPLAYS••••ON
6SEC.DATE•••OFF
DATA CODE•••DATE/TIME
D/TIME SEL.•DATE & TIME
RETURN
o
!1
!3
3 System submenu
Using the Full
Range of Features
!4 Wireless controller................
!5 Beep ......................................
!6 Return
41
21
SYSTEM
!4
!6
SEL.SETSET
MENUCLOSE
WL.REMOTE•••
1
BEEP••••••••ON
RETURN
!5
Selecting from the Menus
2,11
MENU
MENU
3-10
1.
2.
3.
4.
TV
SCREEN
SET
Turn the POWER switch to the desired setting.
Press the MENU button to open the menu.
Turn the selector dial and move the arrow to the desired submenu.
Press the selector dial in to select.
• The submenu appears.
5. Turn the selector dial and move the arrow to the desired function.
6. Press the selector dial in to select.
• The function and its settings only appear.
38
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7. Turn the selector dial and move the arrow to the desired setting.
• If you are setting a function other than the white balance or shutter speed,
the function will be set if you skip to step 11.
E
8. Press the selector dial in to select.
• The function is set and you return to the submenu.
9. Turn the selector dial and move the arrow to b RETURN.
10.Press the selector dial in to select.
• You return to the main menu.
11.Press the MENU button.
• The main menu disappears.
Using the Full
Range of Features
Notes:
• Pressing the MENU button at any time closes the menu.
• Selecting b RETURN takes you back one menu, or closes the main menu.
• Items that are unavailable, due to the tape situation or the settings of other menu
items, appear in purple.
• You may often find it convenient to use the wireless controller to move around
the menus. Press its MENU button to open/close the menu and use the arrow
keys in place of turning the selector dial. Push the SET button to select.
• Pressing the start/stop button or the PHOTO button will close the menu and
start recording.
• You can display the menus on a connected TV screen by turning TV SCREEN
( 104) on through the menu or using the wireless controller’s TV SCREEN
button. See p. 30 for TV hookup instructions.
39
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Using the Wireless Controller
E
The supplied wireless controller can
operate the camcorder from a distance
of up to 16 feet (5 m). Point it at the
camcorder’s remote sensor while you
press the buttons.
There are some functions that cannot be
operated without the wireless
controller:
• Special playback ( 27)
• Photo/date search ( 72)
• Zero set memory ( 73)
• Audio mix ( 85)
• AV insert ( 79)
• Audio dubbing ( 82)
• Data code ( 69)
t
16f
Using the Full
Range of Features
Inserting batteries
40
Insert two AA batteries, following the
= and - markings. Be careful not to
reverse the polarity of the batteries.
Notes:
• When using the wireless controller in brightly lit places or outdoors, the
effective range will be less.
• The camcorder may have difficulty picking up the remote control signals at
extremely close range.
• Do not leave the controller exposed to direct sunlight, or in hot or humid places.
• When the batteries run out, replace them both together.
• If the wireless controller doesn’t work, see p. 42.
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When Operating 2 Canon DV Camcorders (Remote Sensor Mode)
To prevent interference from other
Canon wireless controllers being used
nearby, there are 2 remote sensor
modes and an off setting. The wireless
controller and the camcorder have to be
set to the same mode in order to be
compatible.
E
ZOOM
W
T
REMOTE SET
The wireless controller and the camcorder have been preset to mode 1. If you
change the mode on the camcorder, be sure to change the mode on the wireless
controller to the same mode.
CAMERA
,
PLAY
(VCR)
SYSTEM
(
36)
WL.REMOTE•••
1
A 1 : Mode 1
A 2 : Mode 2
OFFB : Sensor off
To change the mode...
...on the camcorder:
Open the menu and select SYSTEM. Then select WL.REMOTE, set it to
A 1 or A 2 and close the menu.
• The selected mode will appear on the display for 4 seconds.
Using the Full
Range of Features
To turn the remote sensor off:
Open the menu and select SYSTEM. Then select WL.REMOTE, set it to OFF
B and close the menu.
• B appears in the display.
...on the wireless controller:
Press and hold the REMOTE SET button on the wireless controller.
Simultaneously press the ZOOM W button for mode 1 or the ZOOM
T button for mode 2. Continue to press simultaneously for over 2
seconds.
• Be sure to set the wireless controller to the same mode as the camcorder.
41
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If your wireless controller isn’t working:
E
Make sure the camcorder and the wireless controller are both set to the same
mode. Check the mode the camcorder is set to by pushing any button other than
the REMOTE SET button on the wireless controller. The camcorder’s mode
appears in purple for about 4 seconds. Set the wireless controller’s mode
accordingly by pressing the aforementioned button combinations. If the wireless
controller still doesn’t work, change the batteries.
Using the Full
Range of Features
Note:
• The mode the camcorder is set to also appears for 4 seconds when you turn the
power on.
42
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Setting the Date and Time
E
MENU
The date and/or time display forms part of the data code. You can choose to
display or hide it during playback ( 69).
Set the date and time display when you first start using your camcorder. Install the
backup battery before you begin ( 92).
• Before you start setting the date and time, select your home time zone from the
menu.
Setting the time zone/daylight saving time
CAMERA
SYSTEM
T.ZONE/DST••N.Y.
36)
1. Open the menu and select SYSTEM.
2. Select T.ZONE/DST.
• The time zone display appears on the screen.
• Your camcorder’s time zone is factory-preset to New York. If you are at
another time zone, select your time zone first and daylight saving time
(DST) setting if necessary.
Using the Full
Range of Features
(
3. Move up or down the list of time zones with the selector dial.
Select the option that represents your time zone.
• If you are now in daylight saving time, select the time zone with the
daylight saving time mark C next to the area.
4. Close the menu.
43
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E
16
1
19
18
24
20
4
2
3
17
6
7
10
9
15
8
5
21
23
14
12
22
11
13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
Using the Full
Range of Features
No. Time zone
44
LONDON
PARIS
CAIRO
MOSCOW
DUBAI
KARACHI
DACCA
BANGKOK
H. KONG (Hong Kong)
TOKYO
SYDNEY
SOLOMON
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 11 12 13
No. Time zone
WELLGTN (Wellington)
SAMOA
HONOLU (Honolulu)
ANCHOR (Anchorage)
L.A. (Los Angeles)
DENVER
CHICAGO
N.Y. (New York)
CARACAS
RIO (Rio de Janeiro)
FERNAN. (Fernando de Noronha)
AZORES
Notes:
• After you have selected your time zone and set the date and time, when you
travel to another time zone, there is no need to reset the date and time. Just set
the time zone to your destination and the camcorder’s clock will automatically
change to display the correct time for your destination.
• The camcorder automatically accounts for the number of days in a month and
leap year.
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Setting the clock
After you set the date and time, the date/time and home time zone will be
displayed for about 4 seconds each time you turn the power on.
E
CAMERA
SYSTEM
(
36)
D/TIME SET••JAN. 1,2001
12:00 AM
1. Open the menu and select SYSTEM.
2. Select D/TIME SET.
• The year display starts to flash.
3. Turn the selector dial up and down to change the year. Press the
dial in to move to another part of the display.
• Once you move from the year, the next part of the display starts flashing.
4. Set the month, day, hours, and minutes in the same way.
5. Press the MENU button when finished, and to start the clock.
Using the Full
Range of Features
Notes:
• To make a change to part of the date and time, press the selector dial in at step
3 to move to the part to be changed. Turn the dial to make the change, then
close the menu.
• The date can be set to any year between 2001 and 2030.
• If you press the MENU button in the middle of setting the date and time, you
leave the menu, and the clock starts.
• If you press the selector dial in after setting the minutes you can set the date
and time again from the start.
Date and time display
You can choose to display or hide the date and time display during recording.
When the date and time display is set to ON, the date and time show in the lower
left-hand corner of the display but the time zone disappears in about 4 seconds.
The large, 4-second display will no longer appear when you turn on the power. It
is not automatically superimposed on your recordings.
CAMERA
DISP.SET UP
(
D/T DISPLAY•OFF
36)
To turn it on, open the menu and select DISP.SET UP. Then select D/T
DISPLAY, set it to ON and close the menu.
45
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Taking Still Pictures
E
1
PHOTO
2
You can record still pictures like a photograph. The camcorder records the picture
and sound to tape for several seconds. The exposure is automatically adjusted.
Take still photos that you can record onto a floppy disk with the optional Floppy
Disk Still Image Recorder FR-100 ( 48) and transfer to a PC for image
enhancement and printout. Also, starting your shooting with a still photo makes it
easy to find the beginning again later with the Photo Search function ( 72).
You can take a still picture at any time during regular video recording, or you can
put the camcorder into record pause mode first, then take a still picture.
Using the Full
Range of Features
CAMERA
During record mode
Press the PHOTO button fully down and the still picture will be taken
immediately.
• The camcorder takes the image immediately, and then records the “photo” to the
tape for approximately 6 seconds. During this time the camcorder also records
the sound, and the display shows the still picture.
• A counter display appears, and counts up as the camcorder records the picture.
• The camcorder returns to record pause mode.
During record pause mode
1. Press the PHOTO button halfway down and hold it:
• “PHOTO” flashes at the bottom right of display.
• Exposure is locked.
• During autofocus F flashes white in the display as the camcorder adjusts the
focus and it is displayed continuously as a green mark when the camcorder
is ready to take the still picture.
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• If the subject is unsuitable for autofocus ( 98), the camcorder may not be
able to focus, and F may continue to flash white in the display. Continue to
hold the PHOTO button halfway down, then press the FOCUS button and
adjust the focus manually with the selector dial.
• If you are using manual focus ( 66), the F mark starts as a continuous
green mark. Focus with the selector dial.
E
2. Press the PHOTO button fully down to take the still picture.
• The camcorder takes the image immediately, and then records the “photo” to
the tape for approximately 6 seconds. During this time the camcorder also
records the sound, and the display shows the still picture.
• A counter display appears, and counts up as the camcorder records the
picture. F disappears from the display.
• The camcorder returns to record pause mode.
Notes:
• The camcorder automatically returns to record pause mode after recording a
still image for approximately 6 seconds. If you turn the POWER switch to OFF
during that time, the camcorder will respond only after recording is complete.
• The wireless controller’s PHOTO button has no half-way setting. Press the
button fully and the camcorder immediately takes the “photo”.
• Only take “photos” where it is bright enough to see the image in the display.
Using the Full
Range of Features
47
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Using the Floppy Disk Still Image Recorder FR-100 (optional)
E
The FR-100 captures images taken with the camera, compressing them in JPEG
format and recording them as still images onto a floppy disk.
DV
IN/OUT
Using the Full
Range of Features
DV cable
1. Connect the power sources for the camera and the FR-100.
2. Turn the camera’s POWER switch to PLAY (VCR), and connect
the camera and the FR-100 with the DV cable (supplied with the
FR-100).
3. Insert a floppy disk into the FR-100.
4. Play back your cassette in the camera and search for the image you
want to capture. Find exactly the frame you want by using frame
advance/reverse ( 27).
5. Press the FR-100’s CAPTURE button to record the image onto the
floppy disk.
6. After you have finished recording images, remove the floppy disk
and insert it into your PC’s disk drive.
Note:
• For full details of how to use the FR-100, refer to its instruction manual.
48
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Searching and Reviewing While Recording
Record search
When the camcorder is in record pause
mode, you can use record search to
play the tape forwards or backwards to
find the point where you want to start
or resume recording. This is useful
when you want to add a new scene to a
previously used cassette. By using
record search, you can ensure a smooth,
noise-free join between the new scene
and the old one.
E
REC
SEARCH
REC
SEARCH
CAMERA
1. Press and hold the REC SEARCH + or – button on the camcorder
while you check the picture in the display.
• The + button plays the recording forwards and the – button plays it
backwards.
2. Release the button when you find the point where you want to start
recording.
Record review
When the camcorder is in record pause mode, you can use record review to play
back the last few seconds of your recording and then return automatically to
record pause mode. You can quickly make sure that a scene has recorded properly
and then go on to shoot the next scene, without producing any noise in the picture.
Using the Full
Range of Features
• The camcorder returns to record pause mode.
CAMERA
1. Press and release the c (record review) button while you check the
picture in the display.
• The camcorder rewinds the tape, plays back the last few seconds, and returns
to record pause mode.
Note:
• Noise may appear on the screen when you play the tape backwards.
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Using the Various Recording Programs
E
P
The camcorder provides you with a choice of 7 recording programs. They use
different combinations of camcorder settings in order to adjust the exposure and
other functions to match the recording situation.
• For simple point-and-shoot operation, select the Easy Recording program. Slide
the program selector to the [ position.
• For normal shooting conditions, slide the program selector to Q (program AE)
mode. Open the program menu and select AUTO ( 51).
• For various other recording conditions, the camcorder has 5 more specialized
AE (auto exposure) programs.
Using the Full
Range of Features
Availability of functions in each recording program
Position of
program selector
50
[(Easy
Recording)
Recording
Program
Shutter Speed
Focus
White balance
AE Shift
Image stabilizer (ON/OFF)
Digital effects
16:9
h : Available
P
[
P
Auto
Sports
i
i
i : Not available
&
Portrait Spotlight Sand
Snow
Low
Light
A
h
A
i
ON
Q
h
h
h
i
h
h
h
A : Automatic function only
h
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Setting the program AE mode
E
CAMERA
1.
2.
3.
4.
Slide the program selector to Q (program AE) mode.
Press the selector dial in to display the program menu.
Turn the selector dial to move the arrow up or down the display.
Press the selector dial in to select the desired program.
• The program will appear in the display.
5. Press the start/stop button to begin recording.
Using the Full
Range of Features
Notes:
• The name of your selected recording program appears constantly on the left of
the display, with the exception of Auto, which is displayed and then disappears
after 4 seconds.
• Avoid changing programs during recording as the brightness of the image may
change suddenly.
• If you switch the camcorder from the [ program to the Q program, the
camcorder returns to the Auto program.
• When recording in dark places a bright light in the
scene may cause a vertical light bar (“smear”) to
appear. This is a normal feature of camcorders.
51
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Easy Recording
The simplest way to use the camcorder is with
the program selector set to the [ position. The
camcorder will take care of focus, exposure and
other adjustments, leaving you free to point and
shoot.
[
Auto
This is the same as the Easy Recording program,
except that you now have the option of using
any of the camcorder’s manual functions.
AUTO
Using the Full
Range of Features
Sports
This program is useful for recording high-speed
sports scenes in brightly lit conditions. Normal
playback will be slightly jerky, but you will get
clear images which can be analyzed frame by
frame during slow or paused playback.
Portrait
Use this program outdoors to make subjects
stand out from a softened foreground and
background. It works well for still-lifes and
close-ups. The effect is most noticeable when
the zoom position is between the middle range
and the telephoto end. Focus manually for
maximum accuracy, and be careful when
recording action scenes, as this program may
cause fast moving objects to shudder.
52
SPORTS
PORTRAIT
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Spotlight
This program is designed for recording spotlit
scenes, such as on a stage. The exposure is
automatically adjusted for glare-free recordings
of subjects lit by a concentrated light source.
E
SPOTLIGHT
Sand & Snow
Use this program in places where the
background is so bright that the subject appears
underexposed in the display — a sunny beach or
ski resort, for example. You may notice some
shudder when recording moving subjects.
SAND&SNOW
Low Light
LOW LIGHT
Using the Full
Range of Features
This program allows you to record in dimly lit
places. It is generally best used for close-ups of
slow or stationary subjects, as moving subjects
may leave a trailing after-image. However, you
can take advantage of this to create special
effects, by rapid zooming or by panning along
with a moving subject. Picture quality will not
be as good as in normal lighting conditions, and
autofocus may not work as well as usual.
53
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Using Digital Effects
Use the camcorder’s digital effects for more interesting productions.
E
• Faders:
Start or end scenes on a tape with a fade to or from black
( 55). Fade Trigger, Vertical Wipe, Horizontal Wipe,
Mosaic Fade*
• Effects:
Add flavor to your recordings ( 56).
Art, Black and White, Sepia, Mosaic
* Available during PLAY (VCR) mode only
Availability of digital effects in CAMERA mode
MOVIE
PHOTO
Faders
i
Effects
i
h : Available
Q (Program AE)
[ (Easy Recording)
Recording
Program
MOVIE
PHOTO
h
i
h
i : Not available
Availability of digital effects in PLAY(VCR) playback modes
Playback
Reverse
Playback
Still picture
playback
Set only
(Press PLAY or
PAUSE to fade in)
Using the Full
Range of Features
54
Effects
(Press PAUSE
to fade out)
Forward/reverse
×2 playback
h
h
Faders
Slow forward/
reverse playback
Set only
h
h : Available
Notes:
• When you do not want to use digital effects, press the DIGITAL EFFECTS
button and select D.EFFECT | from the digital effects menu. Press the
DIGITAL EFFECTS button to close the menu.
• The camcorder remembers your chosen digital effect setting until you change it.
• Digital effects can be selected but not operated on a blank blue screen (appears
in PLAY (VCR) mode). The display continues to flash.
• Digital effects operated during PLAY (VCR) mode are not recorded onto the
original tape.
• Digital effects can be added to another tape when dubbing using the AV out
terminal (PLAY (VCR) mode), but not the DV out terminal.
• You cannot operate digital effects while photo/date searching.
• If you slide the program selector to [ (Easy Recording) while the digital effect
display is flashing, it will disappear from the display and reappear when you
return to Q (program AE) mode.
• The digital effect display will flash for 2 seconds after setting, even if
DISPLAYS is set to OFF in the menu.
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Faders
E
Fade Trigger (FADE-T)
When you start recording, the
scene gradually fades in
from a black screen.
When you
stop recording, it gradually
fades out.
Vertical Wipe (WIPE )
When you start recording, the picture
begins as a thin vertical line in the
center of the screen
which gradually
expands sideways
until it fills the
whole of the screen.
When you end
a scene, the image is wiped
from the top and bottom of
screen.
Using the Full
Range of Features
Horizontal Wipe (WIPE )
When you start recording, the picture
begins as a thin horizontal line in the
center of the screen
which gradually
expands upwards
and downwards
until it fills the
whole screen.
When you end
a scene, the image is wiped
from both sides of the
screen.
Mosaic Fade (M. FADE)*
Blurs the image by enlarging the size of some pixels. The image appears
as increasingly large squares of color as it fades out, and smaller squares
when it fades in.
*Available during PLAY (VCR) mode only.
55
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E
Effects
Using the Full
Range of Features
Sepia (SEPIA)
Makes a
monochrome
image with a
brownish tint.
56
Mosaic
(MOSAIC)
Blurs the image by
enlarging the size
of some pixels.
Art (ART)
Adds a paintlike effect,
called
solarization, to
the image.
Black and White
(BLK & WHT)
Makes the
image black and
white.
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Digital effects can be set with the controls on the body of the camcorder or the
wireless controller. Pressing the ▲/▼ buttons on the wireless controller
correspond to turning the selector dial up and down, and pressing the SET button
corresponds to pressing the selector dial in.
E
MENU
P
DIGITAL
EFFECTS
SET
ON/OFF
D.EFFECTS
ON/OFF
Operating faders
Sound and image fade together.
When operating faders in CAMERA mode, make sure the program selector is set
to Q.
CAMERA
,
PLAY
(VCR)
1. Press the DIGITAL EFFECTS button to open the digital effects
menu.
• D.EFFECT |, FADER and EFFECT appear.
2. Select FADER.
• FADE-T, WIPE , WIPE
PLAY (VCR) mode.
settings appear. M.FADE also appears in
Using the Full
Range of Features
Select fader
3. Select the desired setting.
• You return to the digital effects menu.
4. Press the DIGITAL EFFECTS button to close the menu.
• The name of your selected fader flashes in the display.
Fader on/off
5. Press the ON/OFF button.
• The name of your selection stops flashing.
• Each time you press the ON/OFF button, the chosen fader is activated
(display lights continuously) or deactivated (display flashes).
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6. If you’re in CAMERA mode:
E
Fade in- Press the start/stop button.
Fade out- Press the start/stop button.
If you’re in PLAY (VCR) mode:
Fade in- Press the e (play) button.
Fade out- Press the a (pause) button.
Operating effects
Sound records/plays back normally.
When operating effects in CAMERA mode, make sure the program selector is set
to Q.
CAMERA
,
PLAY
(VCR)
Select effect
1. Press the DIGITAL EFFECTS button to open the digital effects
menu.
Using the Full
Range of Features
• D.EFFECT |, FADER and EFFECT appear.
2. Select EFFECT.
• ART, BLK&WHT, SEPIA, MOSAIC settings appear.
3. Select the desired setting.
• You return to the digital effects menu.
4. Press the DIGITAL EFFECTS button to close the menu.
• The menu disappears and the name of your selected setting flashes in the
display.
Effect on/off
5. If you’re in PLAY (VCR) mode, press the e (play) button.
6. Press the ON/OFF button.
• The name of your selection stops flashing and takes effect on the display.
• Each time you press the ON/OFF button, the chosen effect is activated or
deactivated.
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Audio Recording
Selecting the audio mode
ZR20 can record sound on a tape in two audio modes — 16-bit and 12-bit. The
16-bit mode produces the higher sound quality (slightly superior to CD) while the
12-bit mode records on two channels (stereo 1), leaving 2 channels free (stereo 2)
for you to add new sound at a later date.
CAMERA
,
PLAY
(VCR)
VCR SET UP
(
E
AUDIO MODE••12bit
36)
To switch to the 16-bit mode, open the menu and select VCR SET UP. Then
select AUDIO MODE, set it to “16 bit” and close the menu.
• “16 bit” is shown in the display for approximately 4 seconds.
Notes:
• For details on adding new sound, see p. 82.
• For details of playing back a tape that has new sound on stereo 2, see p. 85.
• When you record to the ZR20 from a camcorder with DV terminal outputs, the
audio mode becomes automatically set to 12 bit.
Using the Full
Range of Features
External microphone
For greater creative control over audio recording, you can connect an external
microphone to the camcorder via the MIC terminal. When using the MIC
terminal, use a microphone with a built-in power supply (condenser microphone).
It is possible to connect almost any stereo microphone with a plug diameter of 1/8
inch (3.5 mm), however, their audio levels will be different from that of the builtin microphone.
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Notes:
• Be careful when using long microphones as they may extend into the frame.
• You can monitor the sound while recording by setting the AV/headphone
terminal to headphones ( 30) and attaching stereo headphones to the H
terminal.
Wind screen
The camcorder has an automatic wind screen to prevent wind noise from
interfering with the sound track. Make sure it’s off when you want the
microphone to be as sensitive as possible. Use the wind screen when recording in
windy places such as the beach or near buildings.
CAMERA
,
PLAY
(VCR)
VCR SET UP
Using the Full
Range of Features
(
60
WIND SCREEN••OFF
36)
To turn it on, open the menu and select VCR SET UP. Then select WIND
SCREEN, set it to ON and close the menu.
• WS O is shown in the display when you turn the wind screen on.
Notes:
• The wind screen can be used for audio dubbing with the built-in microphone as
well as recording.
• The wind screen does not operate when an external microphone is connected to
the MIC terminal.
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Setting the Self-Timer
E
CAMERA
OFF
PLAY(VCR)
START
/STOP PHOTO
SELF
TIMER MENU
CAMERA
OFF
PLAY(VCR)
This is useful when you want to include yourself in the picture when recording
movies or still photographs.
CAMERA
1. Press the
self-timer button on the body of the camcorder
or
the SELF TIMER button on the wireless controller.
25).
For movies
2. Press the start/stop button.
• The camcorder starts to record after a 10-second countdown period (or after
2 seconds when you use the wireless controller). The time remaining counts
down in the display (e.g. “5 SEC”).
• SELF-T disappears from the display when recording begins.
Using the Full
Range of Features
• SELF-T appears in the display.
• To have the subject monitor recording, rotate the LCD panel 180° (
3. Press the start/stop button to end recording.
For stills
2. Press a PHOTO button on the camcorder body or the wireless
controller.
• The camcorder automatically adjusts the focus 2 seconds before the
countdown is complete. The F mark flashes white then turns green after the
focus and exposure are set. If you are using the wireless controller, the F
mark starts flashing immediately after you press the PHOTO button.
• The camcorder takes the picture for approximately 6 seconds.
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Using the Full
Range of Features
E
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Notes:
• To cancel the self-timer before the countdown has begun, press the
SELF
TIMER button.
• To cancel the self-timer once the countdown has begun, press the
SELF
TIMER button, start/stop if you’re shooting movies, or PHOTO if you’re taking
a still image.
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Using AE Shift
By controlling the level of the automatic exposure (AE) function, you can lighten
or darken the image slightly. This allows you to compensate for backlit,
overexposed scenes.
E
AE SHIFT
P
CAMERA
Make sure the program selector is set to Q.
• eAE appears light blue.
3. Turn the selector dial to choose your desired level.
• Levels are from –2 to +2, in 0.25 intervals (excluding –1.75 and +1.75).
• The higher the setting, the brighter the image.
Using the Full
Range of Features
1. Press the selector dial in and select any recording program other
than Spotlight or Sand & Snow from the program menu.
2. Press the AE SHIFT button.
Notes:
• You cannot adjust the exposure without the e mark before AE in the display.
Push the AE SHIFT button so that e appears before AE. Then you can adjust
the exposure manually.
• You cannot adjust the AE Shift when the camcorder is set to [ (Easy
Recording), the Spotlight recording program or the Sand & Snow recording
program.
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Setting the Shutter Speed
Set the shutter speed manually to take stable shots of quickly moving subjects.
E
CAMERA
CAM.SET UP
(
SHUTTER•••••AUTO
36)
Using the Full
Range of Features
1. Make sure the camcorder is set to the Q (program AE) mode.
2. Press the selector dial in and choose AUTO from the program
menu.
3. Open the menu and select CAM.SET UP.
4. Select SHUTTER.
5. Press the selector dial in to select the desired shutter speed.
AUTO
slower
1/60
1/100
1/250
1/500
1/1000
1/2000
1/4000
1/8000
faster
6. Close the menu.
Concerning shooting in fluorescent lighting
When the camcorder is set to [ (Easy Recording) or the Auto recording
program, it automatically detects the flicker of fluorescent lighting and adjusts the
shutter speed to compensate. However, if the brightness of the LCD or viewfinder
display starts to flicker, make sure the camcorder is set to the Auto recording
program and select the 1/100 shutter speed.
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Guidelines for shooting using high shutter speeds
• When shooting with a shutter speed of 1/1000 or higher, do not shoot the sun
directly.
Recommended shutter speeds when shooting:
• People doing outdoor sports such as
golf or tennis
E
1/2000 or 1/4000
(or 1/8000 to freeze
the action even more
clearly)
• Moving cars or trains or other
rapidly moving vehicles such as
roller coasters
1/1000, 1/500 or
1/250
• People doing indoor sports such as
basketball
1/100
Using the Full
Range of Features
Notes:
• You are unable to set the shutter speed in any recording program other than
AUTO. The SHUTTER display becomes set to ‘‘– – –’’.
• The image may not appear smooth when a high shutter speed is set.
• The camcorder returns to the auto shutter setting when you slide the program
selector to [ (Easy Recording), or change the recording program.
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Adjusting Focus Manually
E
The camcorder can focus automatically. All you have to do is point it, and whatever
is in the center of the display will usually be in sharp focus. If it does not seem to be
focusing well, it may be because the subject is not suitable for autofocus.
You can use the manual focusing function for more control over focusing.
Focus lock
CAMERA
REC
SEARCH
Using the Full
Range of Features
Press the FOCUS button to turn off
autofocus. The focus remains locked at
the point set by autofocus.
(eM.FOCUS appears in the display.)
You can now adjust the focus manually
with the selector dial. Press the FOCUS
button again when you want to return
to autofocus.
• If you zoom in on your subject after
turning off autofocus, it may not stay
in focus. It is generally best to adjust
the zoom first, and then the focus.
REC
SEARCH
FOCUS
AE SHIFT
Manual focus
CAMERA
REC
SEARCH
REC
SEARCH
FOCUS
AE SHIFT
Use the selector dial to set the focus.
• Turn the selector dial downward to
move the focus farther away.
• Turn the selector dial upwards to
bring the focus nearer.
Notes:
• You cannot adjust the focus without the e mark before M.FOCUS in the
display. Push the FOCUS button so that e appears before M.FOCUS. Then you
can adjust the focus manually.
• The manual focus setting is canceled if you select the [ (Easy Recording)
program.
• When you are using the [ (Easy Recording) program, autofocus cannot be
turned off.
• See “Troubleshooting” on p. 97 for a list of subjects which may not be suitable
for autofocus.
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Setting the White Balance
The camcorder’s auto white balance
system compensates for a wide range of
lighting conditions. Although slight
variations are unavoidable, colors will
appear natural in virtually every
situation.
E
In some cases, you will get better
results by setting the white balance
yourself, or using one of the two preset
modes:
T Indoor Mode
• Under halogen or studio/video
lighting
• Subject is of one dominant color
• Close ups
U Outdoor mode
• In daylight, especially for closeups and where the subject is of
one dominant color
CAMERA
1.
2.
3.
4.
WHITE BAL.••AUTO
36)
Make sure the camcorder is set to the Q (program AE) mode.
Open the menu and select CAM.SET UP.
Select WHITE BAL.
a) For the indoor, outdoor or auto settings, press the selector dial in
to choose the setting.
Using the Full
Range of Features
CAM.SET UP
(
• T/U appears in the display when you set the white balance to
indoor/outdoor mode.
b) To set the white balance yourself, point the camcorder at a white
object (such as a sheet of paper) and zoom in until it fills the
display. Then press the selector dial in to select SETW.
• Make sure to continue pointing the camcorder at the white object until
you have finished setting the white balance.
• The W display flashes then remains lit.
• Depending on the light source, the flashing may at times continue. The
result will remain better than with the auto setting and you can continue
recording.
5. Close the menu.
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Setting the white balance manually will probably work better
than auto white balance when shooting:
Subjects with one dominant color, such as sky, sea or forest
Close-ups
In rapidly changing lighting conditions
Using the Full
Range of Features
In places lit by certain types of fluorescent or mercury vapor
lights
68
Notes:
• Turn the digital zoom off (if neccessary) to set a more accurate white balance.
• If you have set the white balance and lighting conditions change, reset the white
balance.
• Try to record with light from a single source. Correct white balance cannot be
obtained for two types of lighting at once.
• You cannot set the white balance or choose the indoor/outdoor mode when the
program selector is set to the [ (Easy Recording) program.
• The white balance returns to the AUTO setting when you slide the program
selector to [ (Easy Recording).
• When you turn the camcorder on, the white balance returns to AUTO. If you
then switch the white balance to SET, the camcorder will remember your last
setting.
• During normal outdoor shooting, setting to AUTO may provide better results.
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Displaying Date, Time and Camcorder Data (Data Code)
A data code, containing the date and time the recording was made and other
camcorder data (shutter speed and exposure settings) is automatically recorded on
a special data section of the tape.
E
MENU
DATA
CODE
CAMERA
OFF
PLAY(VCR)
During PLAY (VCR) mode, the data code can be displayed or hidden while the
camcorder is in play, slow or still mode.
Camcorder data may be displayed as “– – –” during fast forward, rewind, reverse
playback, forward and reverse ×2 playback.
Press the DATA CODE button on the wireless controller.
Selecting date/time
Select whether you want the date, the time, or both to show up on your data code
display ( 70).
Using the Full
Range of Features
• Press it once to display, once more to hide it.
PLAY
(VCR)
DISP.SET UP
(
D/TIME SEL.•DATE & TIME
36)
To change the date and time combination, open the menu and select
DISP.SET UP. Then select D/TIME SEL., set it to DATE, TIME or DATE &
TIME and close the menu.
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Setting the data code
You can also choose which type of data code to display — either the date/time,
camera data or both.
PLAY
(VCR)
DISP.SET UP
(
DATA CODE•••DATE/TIME
36)
To change, open the menu and select DISP.SET UP. Then select DATA
CODE, set it to DATE/TIME, CAMERA DATA or CAM. & D/T and close
the menu.
Possible data code combinations:
DATA CODE
Date/Time
Camera data
D/TIME SEL.
Date
Using the Full
Range of Features
Time
70
Date & Time
Date/Time &
Camera data
JAN. 1,2001
F32
2
1/250
F32
1/250
JAN. 1,2001
12:00:00 AM
F32
1/250
F32
1/250
12:00:00 AM
12:00 AM
JAN. 1,2001
F32
1/250
F32
1/250
12:00 AM
JAN. 1,2001
Notes:
• The data code will read “– – –” in the following situations:
– During playback of a blank section of tape.
– If the tape was recorded before entering the date and time in the camcorder’s
memory.
– If the tape was recorded on a camcorder without a data code function.
– If noise or tape damage prevents the data code from being read.
• If a recording made on ZR20 is played back on a different DV camcorder, the
data code may not be displayed correctly.
• The data code will appear in the display even if DISPLAYS ( 104) has been
set to OFF through the menu.
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Six-second auto date
The 6-second auto date appears for 6 seconds to mark the changeover of a day if
the tape was being recorded at 12:00 midnight. It also appears for 6 seconds when
you start playback and have the data code turned off. The 6-second auto date will
adjust for any time zone changes you have indicated.
E
PLAY
(VCR)
DISP.SET UP
(
6SEC. DATE•••OFF
36)
To turn the 6-second auto date on, open the menu and select DISP.SET UP.
Then select 6SEC. DATE, set it to ON and close the menu.
Note:
• When 6SEC.DATE is turned on but DISPLAYS (
second auto date will still appear for 6 seconds.
104) is turned off, the 6-
Using the Full
Range of Features
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Searching the Tape (Photo Search/Date Search)
E
REC
PAUSE
CAMERA
SEARCH
SELECT
ZERO SET
MEMORY REW
PLAY
FF
AUDIO
DUB.
STOP
+/
–/
OFF
PLAY(VCR)
A/V
INSERT PAUSE
SLOW
×2
This allows you to move quickly through still pictures recorded anywhere on a
tape (photo search) or between different days or areas of recording (date search)
on a tape.
PLAY
(VCR)
1. Press the SEARCH SELECT button to choose between photo/date
search.
Using the Full
Range of Features
• PHOTO SEARCH or DATE SEARCH is shown in the display for 4
seconds.
2. Press the - and + buttons to move backwards or forwards
through the still pictures or between different days of recording.
• Press once to move to the start of the previous/next still picture or day on
the tape.
• You can press more than once to move to the corresponding still picture or
day (up to a maximum of 10 times), e.g. press the + button 5 times to
move forward 5 still pictures or days.
• PHOTO SEARCH/DATE SEARCH appears in the middle of the display
alongside the - or + mark and number to search through. You can
change direction easily by pressing the button for the opposite direction.
Notes:
• Press 3 (stop) to stop mid-search.
• If you begin a search very close to the start of a recorded still picture during
photo search, the camcorder may skip straight past it.
• When you have set the area for the World Clock, date search also looks for the
change in date based on the adjusted time.
• A date/area cannot be identified if the total recording time on that day/area was
less than 1 minute.
• Date search playback may start just before or after the beginning of the located
section.
• If the data code is not displayed correctly you will not be able to operate the
date search correctly.
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Returning to a Pre-Marked Position
E
REC
PAUSE
CAMERA
SEARCH
SELECT
ZERO SET
MEMORY REW
PLAY
FF
AUDIO
DUB.
STOP
+/
–/
OFF
PLAY(VCR)
A/V
INSERT PAUSE
SLOW
×2
Use the wireless controller to mark a point on a tape that you want to return to
following playback.
CAMERA
,
PLAY
(VCR)
1. Press the ZERO SET MEMORY button on the wireless controller
during playback at a point you want to return to later.
• The time code is replaced by a tape counter that is set to zero with the Â
indication.
• Press the ZERO SET MEMORY button once more to cancel the zero set
memory.
• RTN1 or `RTN appears in the display.
• The tape counter with  indication disappears from the display and the time
code reappears.
Notes:
• The zero set memory may not function correctly where there is a break between
recordings on the tape.
• You can also use zero set memory to mark a position on a tape in CAMERA
mode. When you then play back the tape, pressing rewind will take you back to
the pre-marked position.
• If you remove the tape while the zero set memory is set, the memory is
canceled and the tape counter reverts to time code.
• The camcorder remembers your setting even if you turn it off and back on again
or move the program selector.
Using the Full
Range of Features
2. When you have finished playback, fast forward or rewind the tape.
The tape stops automatically when it reaches the zero set position.
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Editing to a VCR
By connecting the camcorder to a VCR, you can edit your recordings in order to
remove unwanted scenes — or combine different shots to create your own video
productions.
E
Preparations
1. Connect the camcorder to the VCR.
• See “Connections for Playback on a TV Screen” on p. 30.
2. Prepare the TV and VCR.
• Turn on the TV and set the TV/VIDEO selector to VIDEO.
• Turn on the VCR, and set its input selector to LINE. Load a blank cassette,
and put the VCR in record pause mode.
• See your TV and VCR instruction manuals for details.
3. Turn the camcorder’s POWER switch to PLAY (VCR).
4. Load your recorded cassette.
Editing
Editing
1. Find a point on your recorded cassette slightly before the section
you want to copy.
2. Start to play it back while you monitor the picture on the TV.
3. Start recording on the VCR as soon as the section you want to copy
appears on the screen.
4. Pause the VCR at the end of the section you want to copy, then stop
playback on the camcorder.
5. Repeat steps 1 to 4 until your edited recording is complete.
Note:
• The quality of the edited tape will be slightly lower than that of the original.
m (LANC) terminal
The m terminal allows you to connect
the camcorder to equipment. Some
buttons on editing equipment may
operate differently from those on the
camcorder.
74
Notes:
• m (LANC) is a trademark. It stands for Local Application Control Bus System.
• We cannot guarantee the results when connecting to equipment not bearing the
LANC m symbol.
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Dubbing to/from a Cassette with Digital Video Equipment
Digital video equipment fitted with the DV terminal lets you edit, copy and
transfer data digitally, with virtually no generation loss in image and sound
quality. The DV terminal is for both line-in and line-out, since a single DV cable
can handle data in both directions.
• If a digital VCR is connected and an anomalous signal is sent from the VCR,
the images recorded on the tape may also be anomalous (although it may not
appear so on the TV image), or not recorded at all.
• You are unable to dub tapes recorded with the copyright protective signal.
E
: Signal flow
REC
SEARCH
REC
SEARCH
FOCUS
AE SHIFT
REC PAUSE
(LINE-IN)
REC SEARCH
PAUSE SELECT
ZERO SET
MEMORY REW
PLAY
FF
AUDIO
DUB.
STOP
+/
–/
A/V
INSERT PAUSE
SLOW
×2
Side with arrow
Side with arrow
Preparations
Example dubbing to the camcorder
1. Connect the camcorder and the other digital device.
2. Prepare the other device.
Editing
• Connect the Canon CV-150F DV cable (optional) with the sides of the plugs
marked with the arrows facing as shown above.
• Turn on the power and load a recorded cassette.
3. Turn the camcorder’s POWER switch to PLAY (VCR).
• DV IN appears in the display.
4. Load a blank cassette.
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Dubbing
E
1. Find a point on your recorded cassette slightly before the section
you want to copy and set it to playback pause mode.
2. Press the camcorder’s REC PAUSE button.
• The camcorder enters record pause mode.
3. Start playback on the other digital device while you monitor the
picture.
4. Press the pause button.
• Recording starts.
5. When you get to the point where you want to stop recording, press
the stop button or the pause button.
• Recording stops.
6. Stop playback on the other device.
Editing
Notes:
• If the cable is not connected properly, or if the cable is unconnected when you
press REC PAUSE, the camcorder displays the caution ‘‘CHECK THE DV
INPUT.’’ An anomalous image may also flash onto the screen.
• Blanks between recordings on the playback tape are recorded as anomalous
images on the tape that is being recorded to.
• During DV dubbing you cannot add digital effects.
76
Copyright signal
Certain pre-recorded software tapes are copyright protected. If you try to play
back such a cassette, “COPYRIGHT PROTECTED PLAYBACK IS
RESTRICTED” appears in the display for a few seconds and then the camcorder
displays a blank blue screen; you cannot view the contents of the cassette.
If you try to record from such a tape via the digital cable “COPYRIGHT
PROTECTED DUBBING RESTRICTED” appears in the display; you cannot
record the contents of the tape.
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Recording from a VCR, TV or Analog Camcorder (Analog Line-in)
You can record a video played on your VCR or analog camcorder (for digital
camcorders, see p. 75) or a TV program onto a tape in the ZR20, if the TV or
other device has audio/video outputs.
• If an anomalous signal is sent from the TV or VCR, the images recorded on the
tape may also be anomalous (although it may not appear so on the TV image),
not recorded at all, or COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DUBBING RESTRICTED
may appear in the display.
• You are unable to dub tapes recorded with the copyright protective signal.
REC
SEARCH
REC
SEARCH
FOCUS
E
AE SHIFT
REC PAUSE
(LINE-IN)
: Signal flow
DV
S
IN/OUT
IN/OUT
OUTPUT
S-150 S-video Cable
S(S1)-VIDEO
VIDEO
AUDIO
AV
IN/OUT
L
STV-250N Stereo Video Cable
R
MIC
You cannot use headphones while doing analog line-in recording. If you have the
AV/headphones terminal set to headphones, it will automatically switch to AV for
analog line-in recording. PHONES disappears from the display.
1. Connect the camcorder to the VCR, TV or other camcorder.
2. Prepare the device. (Example connecting to the VCR)
Editing
Preparations
• Set the TV/Video selector on the television to Video. For further details, see
“Connections for Playback on a TV Screen” on p. 30.
• Turn on the VCR. Load your recorded cassette, and put the VCR in playback
pause mode.
• See your TV and VCR instruction manuals for details.
3. Turn the camcorder’s POWER switch to PLAY (VCR).
4. Load a blank cassette.
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Dubbing
E
1. Find a point on your recorded cassette slightly before the section
you want to copy and set it to playback pause mode.
2. Press the REC PAUSE button.
• S-video and AV IN/OUT terminals work as input terminals.
• The camcorder enters record pause mode.
3. Start playback on the other device or turn on the TV to see the
desired program while you monitor the picture.
4. Press the pause button.
• Recording starts.
5. When you get to the point where you want to stop recording, press
the stop button or the pause button.
• Recording stops.
6. Stop playback on the other device.
Editing
Note:
• You can monitor the picture in the viewfinder or LCD.
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Recording Over Existing Scenes (AV Insert Editing)
You can insert new scenes from your VCR or other camcorder onto your prerecorded tape using the ZR20’s analog line-in or DV in terminals. Original video
and audio will be replaced with the new video and audio.
E
Scene to be inserted
The playback tape
Insert start point
Insert end point
Before inserting
The tape in the
camcorder
After inserting
The tape in the
camcorder
The video and audio of the new scene replace that of the old.
: Signal flow
DV
S
IN/OUT
IN/OUT
OUTPUT
S-150 S-video Cable
S(S1)-VIDEO
Editing
VIDEO
AUDIO
AV
IN/OUT
L
STV-250N Stereo Video Cable
R
MIC
Make sure the AV/headphone terminal is set to AV through the menu (
PHONES appears in the display, switch the terminal.
REC
PAUSE
30). If
SEARCH
SELECT
ZERO SET
MEMORY REW
PLAY
FF
AUDIO
DUB.
STOP
+/
–/
A/V
INSERT PAUSE
SLOW
×2
Side with arrow
Side with arrow
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Preparations
E
The tape in the camcorder:
When using the ZR20’s AV insert function, only record to tapes recorded in SP
mode with continuously recorded time codes.
If there are non-recorded portions or portions recorded in a mode other than SP
mode on the tape, recording will stop.
The playback tape:
Use only tapes without non-recorded portions.
If there are non-recorded portions or changes in the recording mode, you may not
be able to insert AV correctly.
You cannot insert AV in the following cases:
• The playback tape has been poorly recorded.
• During special playback: fast forward playback, rewind playback or slow
playback etc. (analog only).
TV:
You cannot insert AV from a TV program with anomalous synchronized signals,
such as when the program itself received poor signals.
Editing
Example recording from a VCR
1. Connect the camcorder to the VCR.
2. Prepare the VCR and TV.
• Set the TV/Video selector on the television to Video. For further details, see
“Connections for Playback on a TV Screen” on p. 30.
• Turn on the VCR and load a recorded cassette.
• See your TV and VCR instruction manuals for details.
3. Turn the camcorder’s POWER switch to PLAY (VCR) and load a
recorded cassette.
• Make sure the REC/SAVE tab on the cassette has been slid to REC (closed
position).
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Editing
E
1. On the VCR, locate a point 3 seconds before the scene to be
inserted. Set the VCR to playback pause mode.
2. On the camcorder, press PLAY and locate the recording start
point. Set the camcorder to playback pause mode.
• You can use the playback buttons on the body of the camcorder or the
special playback functions on the wireless controller in the same way as in
playback mode.
3. Press the AV INSERT button.
• AV INSERT and 2a appear in the display.
4. Play back the cassette in the VCR.
5. To start inserting, press the PAUSE button on the camcorder.
• 2a changes to 2.
6. To stop inserting, press the STOP button on the camcorder.
• Inserting stops and AV INSERT disappears from the display. The camcorder
returns to stop mode.
• If instead of pressing STOP you press PAUSE, the camcorder returns to the
AV insert pause mode.
• If you set the zero set memory at the position on the tape where you want to
stop inserting, every time you return to that point, the camcorder will cancel
its AV inserting and enter stop mode.
7. Stop playback on the VCR.
Editing
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Audio Dubbing
You can add sound to the original sound on a pre-recorded tape from audio
products (AUDIO IN) or with the internal or external microphone (MIC. IN). The
original sound will not be erased. For best results, add sound to tapes that have
been recorded with this camcorder in SP mode with 12-bit sound. If there are
non-recorded portions on the tape, or portions recorded in a mode other than SP
mode, or with 16-bit or 12-bit, 4-channel sound, dubbing will stop. If your tape
hasn’t been recorded in SP mode with 12-bit sound, we recommend dubbing your
original tape onto a blank tape using the ZR20’s analog line-in function, then
dubbing audio onto the new tape. Make absolutely sure to set the audio mode of
the new tape to 12-bit and the recording mode to SP.
E
To connect other audio equipment:
: Signal flow
OUTPUT
STV-250N Stereo Video Cable
AV
AUDIO
L
IN/OUT
R
An audio device
(i. e. CD player)
MIC
Editing
• Make sure the AV/headphone terminal is set to AV through the menu (
PHONES appears in the display, switch the terminal.
Notes:
• Do not use the yellow video terminal.
• The AV terminal doesn’t put out any video, so connect the S-video terminals
and check your TV, or check the LCD or the viewfinder as you add new sound.
Always check the new sound with the speaker.
To connect an external microphone:
82
30). If
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Notes:
• When you add sound using the built-in microphone make sure not to connect
any cables to the MIC terminal.
• To use your TV to monitor video, connect the S-video terminal ( 31) or the
AV terminal (use only the video plug) to your TV. You can monitor the sound
with headphones only when using the S-video terminal ( 30).
E
Preparations
Turn the camcorder’s POWER switch to PLAY (VCR) and load a recorded
cassette.
• Make sure the REC/SAVE tab on the cassette has been slid to REC (closed
position).
Dubbing
REC
PAUSE
SEARCH
SELECT
ZERO SET
MEMORY REW
PLAY
FF
AUDIO
DUB.
STOP
+/
CAMERA
OFF
PLAY(VCR)
–/
A/V
INSERT PAUSE
SLOW
×2
Editing
Do not connect/disconnect any cables to/from the camcorder when dubbing audio
or preparing to dub audio.
PLAY
(VCR)
VCR SET UP
(
AUDIO DUB.••AUDIO IN
36)
1. Open the menu and select VCR SET UP.
2. Select AUDIO DUB.
3. Select AUDIO IN or MIC. IN and close the menu.
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4. Locate the point where you want to start audio dubbing, then press
the PAUSE button.
E
• You can use the playback buttons on the body of the camcorder or the special
playback functions on the wireless controller in the same way as in playback
mode.
• The camcorder becomes set to playback pause mode.
5. Press AUDIO DUB.
• AUDIO DUB. and
appear on the display.
6. Press the PAUSE button (and start play on the other audio device
if AUDIO IN).
• Audio dubbing starts.
• If MIC. IN, direct your voice into the microphone.
•
changes to .
7. When you get to the point where you want to stop dubbing, press
the STOP button (and then stop play on the other audio device if
AUDIO IN).
Editing
• Audio dubbing stops and AUDIO DUB. disappears from the display.
• The camcorder returns to stop mode.
• You can also set zero set memory ( 73) at the place you want to stop
audio dubbing, then every time you return to that position, audio dubbing
will cancel.
• If instead of pressing STOP you press PAUSE, the camcorder will return to
the playback pause mode.
84
Notes:
• You cannot use the DV terminal while adding sound.
• You might want to adjust the audio mix ( 85) when playing back a tape with
added sound.
• There may be a loss of sound quality if you add sound to a tape recorded on a
camcorder other than the ZR20.
• After adding sound 3 or more times to the same place on a tape, there may be
some loss in sound quality.
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Setting the Audio Mix
E
CAMERA
MIX
AUDIO BALANCE
MONITOR ST-1
ST-2
OFF
PLAY(VCR)
When you play back a tape that was recorded in 12-bit mode, you can set the
audio output to play: stereo 1 (the original sound), stereo 2 (any new sound,
dubbed to the tape after recording), or mix the balance between the two.
• Audio from the 16-bit mode only contains stereo 1 sound and so you cannot/do
not need to select the audio mix. The same is true for the 12-bit stereo 1 mode,
unless new sound has been added post-recording.
PLAY
(VCR)
Choose the output.
Editing
• Press AUDIO MONITOR on the wireless controller.
• Starting with the last selected setting, 4 settings appear as you push the
button:
– STEREO1 for just stereo 1.
– STEREO2 for just stereo 2.
– MIX/FIXED for an equal mix of stereo 1 and 2.
– MIX/VARI. (mix variable) for when you want to mix the balance between
stereo 1 and 2.
• To simply choose STEREO1, STEREO2 or MIX/FIXED, make sure your
choice appears on the display.
• If you choose MIX/VARI., you can go on to mix the balance.
• Use the ST-1/ST-2 keys to mix the balance. A bar showing the mix appears
on the screen for 4 seconds.
Note:
• When you have chosen the output, STEREO1, STEREO2, MIX/FIXED or
MIX/VARI. is shown in the top left of the display for a few seconds. If you turn
the power off the output is set to STEREO1.
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Selecting audio output channels
E
When you play back a tape whose audio has been recorded on multiple channels,
you can change the output channels of that sound.
PLAY
(VCR)
VCR SET UP
(
OUTPUT CH•••L/R
36)
1. Load a tape recorded with multiple-channel audio.
2. Open the menu and select VCR SET UP. Then select OUTPUT CH,
set it to the desired setting and close the menu.
• Refer to the following list.
Editing
OUTPUT CH setting
86
Played back sound
Tape recorded with
stereo sound
Tape recorded on
multiple channels
L/R
L+R channels
main + sub
L/L
L channel only
main only
R/R
R channel only
sub only
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Connecting to a PC
By using a DV cable and connecting the camcorder to a PC equipped with a DV
terminal conforming to IEEE 1394/DV compatible capture board, you can transfer
images taken with the camcorder to your PC.
• While connected, it is recommended that you power your camcorder from a
household power socket using the power adapter.
• Turn off the power of both the camcorder and the PC before connecting.
• Optional software necessary.
E
DV
IN/OUT
DV Cable
(commercially available)
Note:
• Operation may not work correctly, depending on the software you are using,
and the specifications of your PC and its settings.
Editing
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Preparing the Camcorder
E
Adjust the viewfinder
• Set the camcorder to CAMERA mode.
Extend the viewfinder straight out, then
adjust the viewfinder focusing lever to
suit your eyesight.
• Rotate the viewfinder to an angle that
allows you to view comfortably. Store
the camcorder with the viewfinder flush
with the body of the camcorder.
• To view with the viewfinder, make sure
the LCD panel is either turned so that
the subject can monitor viewing, or
totally closed with the screen facing
inwards.
Prepare the lens cap
• Attach the cord to the lens cap, and
pass the grip belt through the loop on
the cord.
• Hook the lens cap on to the grip belt
while you are recording, and place it
over the lens when you have finished.
Additional
Information
Fasten the grip belt
88
• Release the Velcro fastening and hold
the camcorder with your right hand
while you adjust the belt with your left.
Your index finger should reach the
zoom control and photo button, and
your thumb should reach the start/stop
button comfortably.
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Attach the shoulder strap
E
• For extra security and portability, attach
the shoulder strap before using the
camcorder.
• Pass the ends through the attachment
bars and adjust the length as shown.
Be careful not to leave the viewfinder exposed to bright sunlight, or it will
melt. (The light is concentrated by the viewfinder lens.) Adjust the angle of the
viewfinder to prevent sunlight from entering.
Additional
Information
89
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Notes on Using the Batteries
E
Charging and recording times
• These times vary — the safest policy is always to have 2 or 3 times as many
battery packs as you think you will need.
• You will get more recording time if you turn the camcorder off between shots,
instead of leaving it in record pause mode.
Time needed for
full recharge
BP-512
BP-511 (optional)
BP-522 (optional)
BP-535 (optional)
1 hr. 10 min.
1 hr. 10 min.
2 hr.
2 hr. 50 min.
Maximum recording time
Using viewfinder Using LCD screen
2 hr. 45 min.
2 hr. 10 min.
2 hr. 45 min.
2 hr. 10 min.
5 hr. 50 min.
4 hr. 35 min.
9 hr. 15 min.
7 hr. 15 min.
• Recording time will be shorter than usual at low temperatures. You can use the
battery pack between 32° and 104°F (0° to 40°C), but it works best between
50° and 86°F (10° to 30°C).
• If the battery pack starts to give you much less recording time than usual, it has
reached the end of its life and must be replaced.
Note:
• These figures show how long you can view playback with the LCD, after attaching a
fully-charged battery pack. Playback time will be shortened at low temperatures.
Additional
Information
Battery pack
BP-512
BP-511 (optional)
BP-522 (optional)
BP-535 (optional)
90
Playback time (using the LCD screen)
2 hr. 30 min.
2 hr. 30 min.
5 hr. 10 min.
8 hr. 15 min.
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How much power is left?
E
The indicator in the display shows you
approximately how much charge the
battery pack has left:
↓
↓
↓
Notes:
• “CHANGE THE BATTERY PACK”
appears in the display for 4 seconds
when the power is completely
exhausted. The empty battery mark
then appears and starts to flash. The
power indicator light also flashes.
• The indicator is not constant —
different levels will be shown when
you subject the battery pack and
camcorder to different conditions.
↓
100%
75%
50%
25%
CHANGE THE BATTERY PACK
0%
↓
When to recharge
You can recharge a lithium ion battery pack whenever it is convenient. Unlike a
conventional battery pack, it does not have to be fully discharged first. However,
as the battery pack will naturally discharge itself over time, it is best to charge it
the same day you plan to use it, or the day before.
Taking care of the battery pack
B
D
Keep the terminals clean.
• The camcorder adapter or battery pack will not work properly if the terminal
are dirty. Attach the terminal cover whenever the battery pack is not being used.
Additional
Information
Always attach the terminal cover.
• Do not allow any metal objects to
touch the terminals, as this can cause
a short circuit and damage the battery
pack. Attach the terminal cover
whenever the battery pack is not
being used.
Storing the battery pack
• If you do not use a battery pack for a period of more than a few months any
remaining charge may cause damage to the battery pack, and reduce usage time.
To prevent damage therefore, aim to use a battery pack’s complete charge
before storage. See the optional battery pack’s instructions for further details.
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Installing the backup battery
Open the backup battery cover on the
battery attachment unit, and insert the
CR2025 lithium battery with the + side
facing outwards. Click the cover back
into place.
This backup battery allows the camcorder
to remember the date and time and other
settings when main power source is
removed. It has a life span of about a
year.
When it needs replacing (or if it has not been installed), the y mark flashes in the
display. Remove the old battery by pushing up then releasing and lifting out. Make
sure to attach a power source to the camcorder first, so it will remember your
chosen settings when you change the battery.
DANGER!
Treat the battery pack with care.
• Keep it away from fire (or it might explode).
• Do not expose the battery pack to temperatures greater than 140°F (60°C).
Do not leave it near a heater, or inside a car in hot weather, for example.
• Do not try to disassemble or modify it.
• Do not drop or knock it.
• Do not get it wet.
Additional
Information
WARNING!
92
• The battery used in this device may present a fire or chemical burn hazard if
mistreated. Do not recharge, disassemble, heat above 212°F (100°C) or
incinerate.
• Replace the battery with a Sony, Hitachi Maxell, Sanyo or Panasonic CR2025,
or Duracell DL2025. Use of another battery may present a risk of fire or
explosion.
Cautions:
• Do not pick up the battery using tweezers or other metal tools — this will cause
a short circuit.
• Wipe the battery with a clean, dry cloth to ensure proper contact.
• Keep the battery pack out of reach of children — if it is swallowed, contact a
physician immediately, as the battery case may break down and the battery
fluids damage the stomach and intestines.
• Do not disassemble, heat or immerse the battery in water, to avoid the risk of
explosion.
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Maintenance
Cautions
Avoid high temperatures and high humidity.
• Do not leave the camcorder inside a car in hot weather, for example.
• Be careful of heat radiating from video lighting equipment.
• Do not take the camcorder into a humid room.
E
Avoid sudden changes in temperature.
• If you take the camcorder from a cold place to a warm place, condensation may
form on the lens and internal parts (
96).
Do not point the lens or viewfinder at strong light sources.
• Never point it at the sun, and do not leave it aimed at a bright subject.
• Be especially careful when leaving the camcorder on a tripod.
Avoid magnetic or electric fields.
• Do not use the camcorder close to TV transmitters, portable communication
devices or other sources of electric or magnetic radiation. They may cause
picture interference, or permanently damage the camcorder.
Do not expose the camcorder to water.
• Cover the camcorder when you are recording in rain or mist.
• There is a risk of electric shock if water gets inside the camcorder — contact
qualified service personnel as soon as possible.
Protect the lens.
• Sand and dust can damage the lens — be especially careful on windy days.
Handle the camcorder gently.
• Vibration or shock can cause damage.
• Do not use the viewfinder or LCD panel as a carrying handle.
Additional
Information
Do not disassemble the camcorder.
• This is very dangerous as there is a risk of electric shock — if the camcorder
does not function properly, take it to qualified service personnel.
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Storage
If you do not intend to use the camcorder for some time, store it in an area which
is free of dust and moisture, and where the temperature is no higher than 86°F
(30°C). After storage, check each part and function of your camcorder to make
sure everything is still working properly.
Note:
• These cautions also apply to accessories such as battery packs and cassettes.
Maintenance
Viewfinder
• Clean the viewfinder screen. Rotate the
viewfinder upwards. Remove the
viewfinder protect cover and clean by
inserting a cotton swab. When finished,
return it flush with the camcorder.
• The viewfinder screen scratches easily.
Take care when cleaning.
Additional
Information
LCD
• Clean the LCD screen using a
commercially available cleaning cloth for
glasses.
• Where there is a big change in
temperature, moisture may form on the surface of the screen. Wipe clean with a
soft, dry cloth.
• At low temperatures the display may appear to be much darker than usual. This
is not a fault, and as the screen warms up the display will return to normal.
94
Camcorder body and lens
• Use a soft, dry cloth to clean the camcorder body or lens. Never use chemically
treated cloth or volatile solvents such as paint thinner.
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Video heads
• When mosaic-like noise appears on the playback picture,
the video heads may be dirty. When the video heads are
badly contaminated, the camcorder may show a blank blue
screen or a warning.
• For the best picture possible, after using the camcorder for
approximately 20 hours, clean the video heads using Canon’s DVM-CL Digital
Video Head Cleaning Cassette. If the “noise” remains, repeat the cleaning (up
to maximum of 5 times).
• Do not use a wet-type cleaning cassette, as this can cause damage.
E
Using the camcorder abroad
Power sources
• You can use the compact power adapter to operate your camcorder and charge
battery packs in any country where the electricity supply is between 100 and
240 V AC, 50/60 Hz. Contact your Canon dealer for information about plug
adapters for overseas use.
TV playback
• Although you can always play back your recordings on the LCD screen, your
camcorder can only be connected to TVs which use its NTSC system. This TV
system is used in the following countries:
American Samoa, Bahama, Barbados, Bermuda, Bolivia, Canada, Chile,
Columbia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guam, Guatemala,
Greenland, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Micronesia,
Myanmar, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Saint Lucia,
Surinam, Taiwan, Trinidad and Tobago, USA, Venezuela.
Additional
Information
95
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Condensation
Condensation may form on the camcorder when it is moved from a cold place to a
warm place. Using the camcorder while condensation is present can damage both
the tape and the camcorder.
Condensation may become a problem:
When you take the camcorder from a cold
place to a warm room
When a cold room is heated rapidly
When the camcorder is left in a humid
room
When the camcorder is taken from an airconditioned room to a warm, humid place
Additional
Information
Protecting the camcorder from condensation
• Before you take the camcorder to a warm or humid place where condensation is
likely to be a problem, unload the cassette and put the camcorder in a plastic
bag. Wait until the camcorder reaches room temperature before you take it out
of the bag.
What happens when condensation is detected
• “CONDENSATION HAS BEEN DETECTED” is displayed for approximately
four seconds. Then, the power indicator flashes and the h mark flashes in the
display. If there is a cassette in the camcorder, it stops automatically and
“REMOVE THE CASSETTE” is displayed for approximately 4 seconds and
then v flashes in the display. If you have the beep turned on, it will sound.
• The camcorder may not detect the condensation immediately — the
condensation warning may not start flashing for 10 to 15 minutes.
• You cannot load a cassette when condensation is detected.
What you should do
• Remove the cassette, leave the cassette compartment open, and turn the
camcorder off.
• Leave it in a dry place until the condensation evaporates. After the condensation
warning stops flashing, wait at least another hour before trying to use the
camcorder.
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Troubleshooting
Refer to this checklist first if you have any problems with your camcorder.
Possible explanations are given for each problem on the list — turn to the page
numbers in parentheses for more information.
E
Make sure that the camcorder is properly connected if you are using it with a TV
or VCR. Consult your dealer or service outlet if problems persist.
Recording/Playback
Cause and/or what to do about it
? Nothing happens when I press the
buttons.
• The camcorder is not set to the
appropriate mode (
18, 26).
• The cassette is not loaded or is set for
erasure prevention (
16-17).
• The cassette has reached the end.
• The power source is not properly
connected, or the battery pack is
exhausted or not properly attached
(
11-15, 91).
• The function cannot be used in that
recording program (
50).
? The camcorder turned itself off.
• The camcorder was in record pause
mode for more than about 5 minutes
(
18).
• The battery pack is exhausted
(
12-15, 91).
? The cassette compartment stopped
mid-operation while
loading/unloading a cassette.
• The battery pack’s power is exhausted.
Recharge or change to a new battery
pack (
12-15).
• The cassette is not loaded or is set for
erasure prevention (
16-17).
• The cassette has reached the end.
? The start/stop button doesn’t work.
? There’s no picture in the display.
• The camcorder is not set to the
appropriate mode (
18, 26).
? There’s a blank blue screen in the
display.
• You are attempting to play back or
record copyright protected material
(
76).
• The video heads are badly
contaminated (
95).
? The camcorder won’t focus.
• The camcorder is on manual focus
(
66).
• The viewfinder lens needs adjusting
(
88).
• The lens is dirty (
94).
Additional
Information
Problem
97
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Note:
• Some subjects are not suitable for autofocus. In these situations, you will often
get better results using manual focus ( 66). Focus on something which is
about the same distance away, lock the focus, and then point the camcorder at
your original, hard-to-focus subject.
Horizontal stripes
Many subjects at
different distances
Behind glass
Without much
contrast (e.g. a
white wall)
Reflective surfaces
(e.g. shiny car
surfaces)
Fast moving
objects
Dark subjects
Night scenes
Additional
Information
Recording/Playback (Cont.)
98
Problem
Cause and/or what to do about it
? Some/all of the digital effects
don’t work.
• There are a number of restrictions on
using the digital effects. ( 54-58).
? The e (play) button doesn’t
work.
• The camcorder is not set to PLAY
(VCR) mode ( 26).
• The cassette is not loaded ( 16).
• The cassette has reached the end.
? There’s a bright stripe on the
screen.
• When recording in dark places a
bright light in the scene may cause a
vertical light bar (“smear”) to appear.
This is a normal feature of
camcorders.
? The playback picture is rough
(with mosaic-like noise).
• The video heads need cleaning
( 95).
? There’s no picture on the TV
screen, even though the tape is
moving.
• The video heads need cleaning
( 95).
• The TV/VIDEO selector on the TV
isn’t set to VIDEO ( 31-32).
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? There’s no sound coming from the
speaker during playback.
• The speaker has been turned off with
the selector dial ( 29).
• Headphones are being used.
E
Miscellaneous
Problem
Cause and/or what to do about it
? The wireless controller doesn’t
work.
• The remote sensor mode is set to
OFFB in the menu ( 41).
• The remote sensor modes of the
wireless controller and the camcorder
itself are different ( 41).
• The batteries are dead or not inserted.
? The power indicator is flashing.
• Check the screen displays (
? The camcorder malfunctions.
• External interference may cause the
camcorder’s microprocessor to
malfunction temporarily. If random
letters appear in the display or if
normal operation is interrupted,
remove and then replace the power
source.
? The DV cable is connected
correctly, but there’s nothing in
the display.
• Remove the cable and then reconnect
it or turn the power off and back on
again.
? The camcorder becomes warm
during use.
• This is not a malfunction.
104).
Additional
Information
99
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The ZR20 System Diagram (Availability differs from area to area)
E
WS-20 Wrist Strap
SS-700 Shoulder Strap
WD-30.5 Wideconverter
WL-D74
Wireless
Controller
MiniDV
Video
Cassette
BP-500 Series
Battery Pack
CR-560 Charge Adapter/
Car Battery Cable Kit
TL-30.5 Teleconverter
FS-30.5U
Filter Set
CA-560 Compact
Power Adapter
BP-500 Series
Battery Pack
ZR-1000 Zoom
Remote Controller
S-150 S-video Cable
TV
STV-250N Stereo Video Cable
Additional
Information
BP-900 Series
Battery Pack
VCR
CV-150F DV Cable
Stereo Microphone
(commercially
available)
FR-100 Floppy Disk
Still Image Recorder
SC-1000 Soft
Carrying Case
100
VL-10Li
Battery
Video Light
SC-A50 Soft
Carrying Case
Digital Device
Personal Computer
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Optional Accessories
Call or visit your local retailer/dealer for genuine Canon video accessories.
You can also obtain genuine accessories for your Canon camcorder by calling:
1-800-828-4040, Canon U.S.A. Information Center.
BP-500 Series Battery Packs
Extra batteries for use with the ZR20.
BP-511
BP-522
E
BP-535
CR-560 Charge Adapter/Car Battery
Cable Kit
Connect the car battery cable to power
your camcorder or recharge battery packs
on the move. The car battery cable plugs
into your car’s cigarette lighter socket and
runs off a 12-24 V DC negative ground
battery.
Also, when used with the CA-560 Compact
Power Adapter, this charge adapter can
charge the BP-500 series lithium ion
battery packs from an AC outlet.
TL-30.5 Tele-converter
This tele-converter lens increases the focal
length of the camcorder lens by a factor of
1.9.
• The image stabilizer is not as effective as
usual when the tele-converter is attached.
Additional
Information
WD-30.5 Wide-converter
This lens decreases focal length by a factor
of 0.7, giving you a wide perspective for
indoor shots or panoramic views.
101
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FS-30.5U Filter Set
Neutral density and MC protector filters to
help you take control of difficult lighting
conditions.
VL-10Li Battery Video Light
This compact yet powerful video light can
be used for both indoor and outdoor
shooting.
• Use the BP-900 Series battery packs to
power the light. Approximate usage times
are as follows:
BP-915 60 min. BP-930 120 min.
BP-945 170 min.
• Charge the BP-900 Series battery packs
with the CA-910 Compact Power Adapter
(optional).
Additional
Information
Zoom Remote Controller ZR-1000
When this product is plugged into the
LANC m terminal of a Canon camcorder, it
is possible to control functions such as the
start and stop of recording and the zoom
and focusing functions while the camcorder
is mounted on a tripod, without touching
the camcorder body itself.
102
WS-20 Wrist Strap
Provides an extra measure of protection for
active shooting.
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SC-1000 Soft Carrying Case
A handy camcorder bag with padded
compartments and plenty of space for
accessories.
E
SC-A50 Soft Carrying Case
This lightweight bag keeps the camcorder
within easy reach without weighing you
down or getting in the way. Genuine
leather.
FR-100 Floppy Disk Still Image Recorder
The FR-100 captures images taken with your
digital camcorder, compressing them in
JPEG format and recording them as still
images onto a floppy disk. Image files can
then be easily opened and viewed on your
computer.
O
RY CA
SO
VI
INE DE
N GENU
NO
This mark identifies genuine Canon video accessories. When you
use Canon video equipment, we recommend Canon-brand
accessories or products bearing the same mark.
ACCES
Provided accessories:
Optional accessories:
D83-0522-000
D85-1100-003
D85-1312-000
D81-1390-000
D82-0330-000
D82-0590-000
D52-0100-000
CR-560 Charge Adapter/
Car Battery Cable Kit
BP-511 Battery Pack
BP-522 Battery Pack
BP-535 Battery Pack
SC-1000 Soft Carrying Case
SC-A50 Soft Carrying Case
WD-30.5 Wide-converter
TL-30.5 Tele-converter
FS-30.5U Filter Set
VL-10Li Battery Video Light
JR 7.2V 10WF Halogen Bulb
ZR-1000 Zoom Remote
Controller
FR-100 Floppy Disk Still
Image Recorder
WS-20 Wrist Strap
DVM-CL Digital Video
Head Cleaning Cassette
D85-0680-201
D85-1112-201
D85-1122-201
6741A002AA
D81-1200-201
D81-1302-201
6739A001AA
6740A001AA
6738A001AA
D86-0081-201
DY4-4530-000
Additional
Information
WL-D74 Wireless Controller
CA-560 Compact Power
Adapter
BP-512 Battery Pack
SS-700 Shoulder Strap
S-150 S-video Cable
STV-250N Stereo Video Cable
Lens cap
D83-0540-201
D89-0732-002
D81-0190-202
D36-0032-201
103
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Screen Displays
E
To display the date and time, press the
DATA CODE button. See also p. 69.
TV
SCREEN
Press the wireless controller’s TV
SCREEN button or turn TV SCREEN on
through the menu to see the other displays
on the TV screen. (The displays appear
white on-screen.) They will not be added
to any recordings you make with the
camcorder.
DATA
CODE
CAMERA
DISP. SET UP
(
TV SCREEN•••ON
36)
To turn TV SCREEN off, open the menu and select DISP.SET UP.
Then select TV SCREEN, set it to OFF and close the menu.
For instructions on how to hook the camcorder up to your TV, see p. 30.
Turning off the LCD screen displays
You can turn off the displays to give you a clear screen for playback.
PLAY
(VCR)
DISP.SET UP
Additional
Information
(
DISPLAYS••••ON
36)
To turn the displays off, open the menu and select DISP. SET UP.
Then select DISPLAYS, set it to OFF <PLAYBK> and close the
menu.
• If you turn the displays off, the LCD screen will be completely blank, but the
camcorder will continue to show warning/caution displays when necessary.
indicates a flashing display.
Record pause mode
(
18)
Recording (
104
19)
PAUSE
REC
The backup battery is
not properly installed,
or needs replacing
(
92).
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Page 105
Shows how much
battery power remains
(
91).
Fast forward (
Rewind (
26)
REW
Fast forward playback
(
27)
Rewind playback
(
27)
No cassette is loaded,
or it is set for erasure
prevention
(
16, 17).
Frame advance
playback (
27)
Remaining tape
(Green: more than
five minutes.
Yellow: less than five
minutes.
Red: final few
seconds.)
5min
Frame reverse
playback (
27)
Playback pause
(forward and reverse)
(
27)
Slow playback
(forward and reverse)
(
27)
...finally, it tells you
when you have
completely run out of
tape.
/5
/5
END
×2 playback (forward
and reverse) (
28)
The camcorder is
ejecting the tape
(
16).
EJECT
×2
×2
×1 playback (forward
and reverse) (
28)
Photo Search (
The safety mechanism
is activated. Unload
the cassette and turn
the camcorder off.
Turn it on again and
reload the cassette.
×1
×1
72)
5
EJECT
PHOTO SEARCH
Date Search (
72)
5
DATE SEARCH
Zero set memory
(forward and reverse)
(
73)
RTN
RTN
SP
AV Insert Editing
(
79)
Additional
Information
Playback is stopped
(
26).
FF
E
The battery pack is
exhausted (
91).
Recording mode
(
20)
26)
AV INSERT
STOP
AV INSERT
Normal playback
(
26)
Audio Dubbing
(
82)
AUDIO DUB.
AUDIO DUB.
105
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Zoom display (
Optical zoom
Page 106
Photo mode (
22):
Optical plus 40×
digital zoom
T
W
Optical plus 200×
digital zoom
46)
PHOTO
W
• Setting the AF/AE. F
mark flashes white
T
W
• AF/AE locked. F
mark lights up green
T
• Timer
10sec
Zoom in
W
Zoom out
W
T
Recording programs
(
50).
T
AUTO
SPORTS
PORTRAIT
The image stabilizer is
turned on (
35).
SPOTLIGHT
SAND&SNOW
LOW LIGHT
CAM. MENU
(
36)
CAM.MENU
SEL.SE
MENUC
CAM.SET UP
VCR SET UP
DISP.SET UP
SYSTEM
RETURN
AE Shift (
63)
AE +2.0
Manual focus is
selected (
66).
VCR MENU (
37)
VCR MENU
SEL.S
MENU
VCR SET UP
DISP.SET UP
SYSTEM
RETURN
1/250
Additional
Information
10sec
SELF–T
Zero set memory
(
73)
Audio mode (
Data code (
0:00:00M
59)
69)
64)
White balance is
(
67)
Set
W
Indoor
T
Outdoor U
The remote sensor is
turned off (
41).
Self-timer countdown
(
61)
Shutter speed (
M.FOCUS
16bit
F1.8
1/250
12:00 AM
JAN. 1,2001
The 16:9 mode: the
display flashes when
the effect is being
selected, and appears
steadily when it is
activated (
21).
Digital effects. The
display flashes when
the function is being
selected and appears
steadily when it is
activated (
54).
16:9
FADE–T
WIPE
WIPE
M.FADE
ART
BLK&WHT
SEPIA
MOSAIC
106
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The wind screen is
turned on (
60).
Page 107
WSON
Time Code
E
0:12:34:12
Volume level
(
29):
Speaker
VOLUME
–
+
Headphones
PHONES
–
+
VOLUME
OFF
The AV/headphone
terminal is switched
to headphones
(
30)
Audio output (
85)
PHONES
This records counter information,
including hour, minute, second, and
frame number on a special data code
area on the tape itself. It is reset
automatically when a new tape is
loaded. In CAMERA mode, the frame
number doesn’t appear in the display.
Recording reminder
STEREO1
0sec
STEREO2
MIX/FIXED
MIX/VARI
10sec
Mix balance (
85)
ST–1
Audio input (
83)
Microphone input
75)
Condensation warning
(
96)
AUDIO IN
MIC.IN
DV IN
When you start recording, the
camcorder counts from 0SEC to
10SEC. Shots which are shorter than
ten seconds may be difficult to edit
later. On the other hand, if you are not
planning to edit the recording,
remember that a shot which does not
contain action should generally last no
longer than 10 seconds.
Additional
Information
DV input (
ST–2
107
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Caution phrases
The camcorder displays various
caution phrases — they appear for 4
seconds before disappearing.
Appears each time
you turn the power
on, until you set the
time zone, date and
time (
43).
Appears when the
battery pack is
exhausted
(
91).
SET THE TIME ZONE,
DATE AND TIME
Appears as a warning
to protect the cassette
and also when
condensation is
detected. Remove the
cassette as soon as
possible after the
camcorder has
displayed the caution.
REMOVE THE CASSETTE
Refer to p. 76
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED
PLAYBACK IS RESTRICTED
CHANGE THE BATTERY PACK
Refer to p. 76 or p. 77
Appears when the
tape has reached the
end.
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED
DUBBING RESTRICTED
TAPE END
Refer to p.17
Additional
Information
THE TAPE IS SET FOR
ERASURE PREVENTION
Appears if you press
the REC PAUSE
button when the DV
cable is not connected
properly (
75).
CHECK THE DV INPUT
Refer to p. 96
CONDENSATION
HAS BEEN DETECTED
108
Appears when you try
to do audio dubbing
or AV insert on a tape
recorded in any mode
other than SP mode
(
79, 82).
Appears when you try
to do audio dubbing
on a tape recorded in
16-bit audio or 12-bit,
4-channel mode
(
82-84).
Appears when the
camcorder detects a
blank section of a tape
during audio dubbing
or AV insert
(
79, 82).
CHECK THE CASSETTE
[REC MODE]
CHECK THE CASSETTE
[AUDIO MODE]
CHECK THE CASSETTE
[BLANK]
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Appears immediately
after you start
recording, and the
video heads are badly
contaminated. Make
sure to clean the video
heads when this
caution appears.
(
95)
Page 109
HEADS DIRTY,
USE CLEANING CASSETTE
E
Additional
Information
109
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Specifications
Additional
Information
E
110
ZR20
Power Supply (rated): 7.4 V DC
Power Consumption (while recording
with the AF turned on):
3.3 W (Using viewfinder),
4.2 W (Using LCD screen)
Television system:
EIA standard (525 lines, 60 fields) NTSC
color signal
Video recording system:
2 rotary heads, helical scanning
DV system (Consumer digital VCR SD
system)
Digital component recording
Audio recording system:
PCM digital sound: 16 bit (48kHz/2ch),
12 bit (32kHz/4ch)
Image sensor: 1/4” CCD (charge coupled
device), approx. 460,000 pixels (approx.
290,000 effective pixels)
Tape format: Videocassettes bearing the
D mark.
Tape speed:
SP: 3/4 ips (18.81 mm/s),
LP: 1/2 ips (12.56 mm/s)
Maximum recording time (with an 80
min. cassette):
SP: 80 min., LP: 120 min.
Fast forward/rewind time:
Approx. 2 min. 20 sec. (with a
60 min. cassette)
Lens: F/1.8–2.9, 10× power zoom,
4.2–42.0 mm
Focusing system: TTL autofocus, manual
focusing possible
Minimum focusing distance: 3ft 33/8 in
(1 m) (3/8 in (1 cm) on maximum wide
angle)
Maximum shutter speed:
1/8,000 sec.
Minimum illumination: 2.5 lx (using the
Low Light program)
Recommended illumination:
More than 100 lx
Filter diameter: 30.5 mm
Viewfinder: 0.44 in, TFT color LCD,
approx. 113,000 pixels
LCD screen: 2.5 in measured diagonally,
TFT color, approx. 112,000 pixels
Microphone: Stereo electret condenser
microphone
DV terminal input/output:
Special 4-pin connector (conforms to
IEEE1394)
AV/headphone terminal:
ø 3.5 mm minijack
Audio input: –10dBV/ at least 40 kohms,
(L, R), unbalanced
output: –10dBV (47 kohm load)/
less than 3 kohms,
unbalanced
Video: 1 Vp-p/75 ohms unbalanced
S-video terminal input/output:
1 Vp-p (Y signal), 0.286 Vp-p (C signal)
MIC terminal input: ø 3.5 mm stereo
minijack, – 57 dBV (with 600 ohm mic)/
at least 5 kohms
LANC u terminal: ø 2.5 mm mini
minijack
Operating temperature range: 32–104 °F
(0–40 °C)
Dimensions: 21/4 × 4 × 51/4 in
(57 × 102 × 134 mm)
Weight: 1 lb 3 oz (540 g)
BP-512 Battery Pack
Battery type: Rechargeable lithium ion
battery
Rated voltage: 7.4 V DC
Operating temperature: 32°–104°F
(0°–40°C)
Battery capacity: 1100 mAh
Dimensions: 11/2 × 7/8 × 21/8 in
(38 × 21 × 55 mm)
Weight: 21/2 oz (70 g)
Weight and dimensions are approximate
Errors and omissions excepted.
Subject to change without notice.
Canon is a trademark of Canon Inc.
5_ZR20_E(88-114)
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Page 111
Index
Date Search, 72
Digital Effects, 54
Digital Zoom, 22
DV Dubbing, 75
16:9, 21
Å
Abroad, Using the Camcorder, 95
Accessories, 7, 101
Adapter, AC, 11-13, 15
AE Programs, 50
AE Shift, 63
Analog line-in, 77
Art, 56
Audio Dubbing, 82
Audio Mix, 85
Audio Mode, 59
Audio Output, 86
Audio Recording and Playback,
29, 56, 85
Audio/Video Terminal, 30
Auto, 52
Autofocus, 66, 98
AV Insert, 79
ı
Backup Battery, 92
Basic Recording, 18
Battery Charger, 14-15
Battery Pack, 12, 14-15, 90
Beep, 21
Black and White, 56
E
‰
Easy Recording, 52
Editing to a VCR, 74
Effects, 56
External Microphone, 59, 82
Ï
Fade Trigger, 55
Faders, 55
Fast Forward, 26
Feedback, 32
Finding Your Way Around the
ZR20, 8
Floppy Disk Still Image
Recorder, 48
Focusing, 66
Ó
Head Cleaning, 95
Headphones, 29, 30
Horizontal Wipe, 55
È
Image Stabilizer, 35
Introducing the ZR20, 7
Ç
Î
Data Code, 69
Date and Time, 43
Ò
LANC, 74
LCD Screen, 23
Lens Cap, 88
Loading Cassettes, 16
Low Light, 53
LP Mode, 20
Additional
Information
Cables, 6, 31
Cassettes, 16
Charging the Battery Pack,
12, 14-15, 90
Choosing a Recording Program, 50
Cleaning the Camcorder, 94
Clock, 45
Condensation, 96
Connecting to a PC, 87
Connection to TV or VCR, 30
˜
Maintenance, 93
Making Better Videos, 33
Manual Focus, 66
Menus, 36
111
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Microphone, 59, 82
Monitor Recording, 25
Mosaic, 56
Mosaic Fade, 55
E
Sports, 52
Spotlight, 53
Still Picture, 46
Storage, 94
S-video, 31
System Diagram, 100
Ø
Optional Accessories, 101
Ê
∏
Pause, Record, 18
PC Connection, 87
Photo Search, 72
Playback, 26
Playback Connection, 30
Playback Pause, 27
Portrait, 52
Power Adapter, 11-13, 15
Powering Your Camcorder, 11
Pre-Marked Position, 73
Preparing the Camcorder, 88
Problems, 97
Additional
Information
Â
112
Tape Protection, 17
Telephoto, 22
Temperature, 13, 90, 110
Time Code, 107
Time Zone, 43
Tips for Making Better Videos, 33
Tripod, 33
Troubleshooting, 97
TV, 30, 104
Ë
Using the Camcorder Abroad, 95
Using the Menus, 36
◊
Recharging the Battery Pack, 90
Recording, 18
Recording Programs, 50
Record Pause Mode, 18
Record Review, 49
Record Search, 49
Remote Control, 40
Remote Sensor, 40-41
Rewind, 26
VCR, 30
Vertical Wipe, 55
Videocassettes, 16
Video Heads, 95
Video ID-1 system, 31
Viewfinder, 88, 94
„
White Balance, 67
Wide-angle, 22
Widescreen TV, 21
Wind Screen, 60
Wipe, 55
Wireless Controller, 40
Í
S1 video input terminal, 31
Sand & Snow, 53
Screen Displays, 104
Self-Timer, 61
Sepia, 56
Shutter Speed, 64
Speaker, 29
Specifications, 13, 110
SP Mode, 20
Û
Zero Set Memory, 73
Zooming, 22
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Page 113
U.S.A.
CANON® ZR20 DIGITAL VIDEO CAMCORDER LIMITED WARRANTY
The limited warranty set forth below is given by Canon U.S.A., Inc. (“CUSA”) with respect to each Canon ZR20 Digital
Video Camcorder (“DV Camcorder”) purchased and used in the United States.
E
Each Canon DV Camcorder, when delivered to you in new condition in its original container, is warranted against defective
material or workmanship as follows: for a period of one (1) year from the date of original purchase (three (3) months in the
case of the video head part), defective parts or DV Camcorders returned to a CUSA factory service center (“CUSA Center”) or
an authorized DV Camcorder service facility (“Service Facility”), and proven to be defective upon inspection, will be repaired
or exchanged for new or comparable rebuilt parts or DV Camcorders. The warranty period for repaired or replacement parts
or DV Camcorders shall begin upon shipment of the same, but shall in no event exceed the original warranty period of the
defective part or DV Camcorder.
Non-Canon brand peripheral equipment and software which may be distributed with Canon DV Camcorders are sold
“AS IS”, without warranty of any kind by CUSA, including any implied warranty regarding merchantability or fitness
for a particular purpose. The sole warranty with respect to such non-Canon brand items is given by the manufacturer
or producer thereof.
CUSA shall have no responsibility under this limited warranty for use of Canon DV Camcorders in conjunction with
incompatible peripheral equipment and incompatible software.
In order to obtain warranty service, contact the authorized Canon retail dealer from whom you purchased the DV Camcorder
or call the CANON INFORMATION CENTER AT 1-800-828-4040 (which is open from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. (E.S.T.),
Monday through Friday, excluding holidays). Have your unit serial number and your date of purchase available when you
make the call to expedite service. In either case you will be directerd to ship the DV Camcorder, postage prepaid, to the
CUSA Center or Service Facility nearest to you. You must include a copy of the proof of purchase (bill of sale) and a
complete explanation of the problem. DV Camcorders covered by this limited warranty will be repaired and returned to you
without charge by the CUSA Center or the Service Facility. Repairs not under warranty will be at such cost as the CUSA
Center or Service Facility may from time to time generally establish.
This limited warranty covers all defects encountered in normal use of the DV Camcorder, and does not apply in the following
cases:
(a) Loss of or damage to the DV Camcorder due to abuse, mishandling, improper packaging by you, alteration, accident,
leaking batteries, exterior nicks, scratches or dents, electrical current fluctuations, failure to follow operating instructions,
maintenance and environmental instructions prescribed in CUSA’s instruction manual, or service performed by other than
a CUSA Center or Service Facility.
(b) Use of parts or supplies (other than those sold by CUSA) which cause damage to the DV Camcorder or cause abnormally
frequent service calls or service problems.
(c) If any DV Camcorder has had its serial number or dating altered or removed.
This limited warranty does not apply to accessories or consumables for the DV Camcorder, which are sold “AS IS”, without
warranty of any kind by CUSA.
Additional
Information
NO IMPLIED WARRANTY, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, APPLIES TO THE DV CAMCORDER AFTER THE APPLICABLE PERIOD OF
EXPRESS WARRANTY STATED ABOVE, AND NO OTHER EXPRESS WARRANTY OR GUARANTY, EXCEPT
AS MENTIONED ABOVE, GIVEN BY ANY PERSON, FIRM OR CORPORATION WITH RESPECT TO THE DV
CAMCORDER SHALL BIND CUSA. (SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON HOW LONG AN
IMPLIED WARRANTY LASTS, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU) CUSA SHALL NOT
BE LIABLE FOR LOSS OF REVENUES OR PROFITS, EXPENSE FOR SUBSTITUTE EQUIPMENT OR
SERVICE, STORAGE CHARGES, LOSS OF DATA, OR ANY OTHER SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES CAUSED BY THE USE, MISUSE OR INABILITY TO USE THE DV
CAMCORDER, REGARDLESS OF THE LEGAL THEORY ON WHICH THE CLAIM IS BASED, AND EVEN IF
CUSA HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. NOR SHALL RECOVERY OF ANY
KIND AGAINST CUSA BE GREATER IN AMOUNT THAN THE PURCHASE PRICE OF THE DV CAMCORDER
SOLD BY CUSA AND CAUSING THE ALLEGED DAMAGE. WITHOUT LIMITING THE FOREGOING, YOU
ASSUME ALL RISK AND LIABILITY FOR LOSS, DAMAGE OR INJURY TO YOU AND YOUR PROPERTY AND
TO OTHERS AND THEIR PROPERTY ARISING OUT OF USE, MISUSE OR INABILITY TO USE THE DV
CAMCORDER NOT CAUSED DIRECTLY BY THE NEGLIGENCE OF CUSA. (SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW
THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE
LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.) THIS LIMITED WARRANTY SHALL NOT EXTEND TO ANYONE
OTHER THAN THE ORIGINAL PURCHASER OF ANY DV CAMCORDER, OR THE PERSON FOR WHOM IT
WAS PURCHASED AS A GIFT, AND STATES YOUR EXCLUSIVE REMEDY.
This limited warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
Canon U.S.A., Inc.
One Canon Plaza
Lake Success, New York 11042
113
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Page 114
CANADA
E
CANON CONSUMER DIGITAL VIDEO EQUIPMENT LIMITED
WARRANTY
The limited warranty set forth below is given by Canon Canada Inc. (“Canon Canada”) with respect to Canon digital video equipment
purchased in Canada. This limited warranty is only effective upon presentation of a bill of sale or other proof of purchase for this Canon
digital video equipment to a Canon Service Facility when repairs are required.
Canon consumer video digital equipment is warranted under normal, non-commercial, personal use, against defective materials or
workmanship as follows:
Parts: Defective parts will be exchanged for new parts or, at Canon Canada’s option, comparable rebuilt parts for a period of one year
from the date of original purchase, except Video Heads which will be exchanged for a period of 3 months from the date of purchase.
Labour: For a period of one year from the date of original purchase, labour will be provided free of charge by our Canon Service
Facilities in Canada.
This limited warranty covers all defects except where:
(a) The loss or damage to the product results from:
i) accident, natural disaster, mishandling, abuse, neglect, unauthorized product modification or failure to follow instructions
contained in the instruction manual;
ii) the use of accessories, attachments, products, supplies, parts or devices with this Canon product that do not conform to
Canon specifications or that cause abnormally frequent service problems;
iii) repairs or services performed by any party other than a Canon Service Facility;
iv) defective batteries or any exposure to water, sand or dirt;
v) shipping (claim must be presented to the shipper);
(b) Any serial number on the video equipment is altered or removed.
(c) The digital video equipment is used for commercial, professional or industrial purposes.
This limited warranty does not cover the cabinet (exterior finish) of the digital video equipment, video cassette tapes, head cleanings,
nor does it apply to digital video equipment purchased outside Canada.
TO OBTAIN WARRANTY SERVICE
Ship your Canon digital video equipment in its original carton, box or equivalent, properly packed, fully insured with shipping charges
prepaid, together with a copy of your bill of sale or other proof of purchase and a description of the problem to any of the Canon
Service Facilities in Canada.
LIMITATIONS
Except as otherwise required by applicable legislation, this warranty is in lieu of all other warranties, conditions, guarantees or
representations, express or implied, statutory or otherwise, relative to this Canon product, including implied warranties or conditions of
merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.
Canon Canada assumes no liability for special, consequential or incidental damages or loss that may arise, whether on account of
negligence or otherwise, from the use, misuse or inability to use this Canon product (including loss of profit, revenue, video tapes or
enjoyment) or from failure to conform to any express or implied warranties, conditions, guarantees or representations. Any recovery
under this limited warranty shall not exceed the purchase price of the product. Canon Canada does not assume or authorize any other
person to assume for Canon Canada any other liability with respect to this Canon product.
This warranty does not extend to any person other than the original purchaser of this Canon product or the person for whom it was
purchased as a gift and states your exclusive remedy.
Additional
Information
NOTICE TO CONSUMER
If you plan to take important videos or if the product has not been used for some time, please check all functions with the instruction
book before using it.
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