Yamaha YXR660FAS Service manual

YXR660FAS
SERVICE MANUAL
LIT-11616-17-23
5UG-F8197-10
EBS00001
YXR660FAS
SERVICE MANUAL
©2003 by Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
First Edition, July 2003
All rights reserved.
Any reproduction or unauthorized use
without the written permission of
Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
is expressly prohibited.
Printed in U.S.A.
LIT-11616-17-23
EBS00002
NOTICE
This manual was produced by the Yamaha Motor Company primarily for use by Yamaha dealers
and their qualified mechanics. It is not possible to include all the knowledge of a mechanic in one
manual, so it is assumed that anyone who uses this book to perform maintenance and repairs on
Yamaha vehicle has a basic understanding of the mechanical ideas and the procedures of vehicle
repair. Repairs attempted by anyone without this knowledge are likely to render the vehicle unsafe
and unfit for use.
Yamaha Motor Company, Ltd. is continually striving to improve all its models. Modifications and significant changes in specifications or procedures will be forwarded to all authorized Yamaha dealers
and will appear in future editions of this manual where applicable.
NOTE:
Designs and specifications are subject to change without notice.
_
EBS00003
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations.
The Safety Alert Symbol means ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT! YOUR
SAFETY IS INVOLVED!
WARNING
CAUTION:
NOTE:
Failure to follow WARNING instructions could result in severe injury or death
to the vehicle operator, passenger, a bystander, or a person checking or
repairing the vehicle.
A CAUTION indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid damage to the vehicle.
A NOTE provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.
EBS00004
HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL
MANUAL ORGANIZATION
This manual consists of chapters for the main categories of subjects. (See “symbols”)
1st title 1: This is the title of the chapter with its symbol in the upper right corner of each page.
2nd title 2: This title indicates the section of the chapter and only appears on the first page of each
section. It is located in the upper left corner of the page.
3rd title 3: This title indicates a sub-section that is followed by step-by-step procedures accompanied by corresponding illustrations.
EXPLODED DIAGRAMS
To help identify parts and clarify procedure steps, there are exploded diagrams at the start of each
removal and disassembly section.
1. An easy-to-see exploded diagram 4 is provided for removal and disassembly jobs.
2. Numbers 5 are given in the order of the jobs in the exploded diagram. A number that is enclosed
by a circle indicates a disassembly step.
3. An explanation of jobs and notes is presented in an easy-to-read way by the use of symbol marks
6. The meanings of the symbol marks are given on the next page.
4. A job instruction chart 7 accompanies the exploded diagram, providing the order of jobs, names
of parts, notes in jobs, etc.
5. For jobs requiring more information, the step-by-step format supplements 8 are given in addition
to the exploded diagram and the job instruction chart.
1
EBS00006
2
GEN
INFO
SYMBOLS
The following symbols are not relevant to
every vehicle.
Symbols 1 to 0 indicate the subject of each
chapter.
SPEC
3
4
CHK
ADJ
1 General information
2 Specifications
3 Periodic checks and adjustments
4 Engine
5 Cooling system
6 Fuel system
7 Drive train
8 Chassis
9 Electrical
0 Troubleshooting
ENG
5
6
FUEL
COOL
7
8
CHAS
DRIV
9
0
–
ELEC
TRBL
SHTG
+
A
B
C
D
E
F
Symbols A to H indicate the following.
A Can be serviced with engine mounted
B Filling fluid
C Lubricant
D Special tool
E Torque
F Wear limit, clearance
G Engine speed
H Electrical data (Ω, V, A)
T.
R.
G
H
I
J
Symbols I to N in the exploded diagrams
indicate the types of lubricants and lubrication
points.
K
G
E
L
M
M
B
N
M
LS
O
P
LT
New
I Apply engine oil
J Apply gear oil
K Apply molybdenum disulfide oil
L Apply wheel bearing grease
M Apply lithium-soap-based grease
N Apply molybdenum disulfide grease
Symbols O to P in the exploded diagrams
indicate where to apply a locking agent O and
when to install a new part P.
O Apply the locking agent (LOCTITE®)
P Replace
EBS00008
TABLE OF CONTENTS
GENERAL INFORMATION
SPECIFICATIONS
PERIODIC CHECKS AND
ADJUSTMENTS
ENGINE
COOLING SYSTEM
FUEL SYSTEM
DRIVE TRAIN
CHASSIS
GEN
INFO
1
SPEC
2
CHK
ADJ
3
ENG
4
COOL
5
FUEL
6
DRIV
7
CHAS
8
–
ELECTRICAL
TROUBLESHOOTING
+
ELEC
9
TRBL
SHTG
10
CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1
GENERAL INFORMATION
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION............................................................................1-1
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER .....................................................1-1
MODEL LABEL.......................................................................................... 1-1
FEATURES...................................................................................................... 1-2
SELF-ADJUSTING PARKING BRAKE MECHANISM............................... 1-2
IMPORTANT INFORMATION ......................................................................... 1-5
PREPARATION FOR REMOVAL PROCEDURES ...................................1-5
REPLACEMENT PARTS...........................................................................1-5
GASKETS, OIL SEALS AND O-RINGS .................................................... 1-5
LOCK WASHERS/PLATES AND COTTER PINS ..................................... 1-6
BEARINGS AND OIL SEALS .................................................................... 1-6
CIRCLIPS ..................................................................................................1-6
CHECKING OF CONNECTIONS .................................................................... 1-7
SPECIAL TOOLS ............................................................................................ 1-8
CHAPTER 2
SPECIFICATIONS
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................ 2-1
ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................................2-4
CHASSIS SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................2-12
ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................2-14
TIGHTENING TORQUES .............................................................................. 2-16
ENGINE TIGHTENING TORQUES......................................................... 2-16
CHASSIS TIGHTENING TORQUES.......................................................2-19
HOW TO USE THE CONVERSION TABLE.................................................. 2-22
GENERAL TIGHTENING TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS...............................2-22
LUBRICATION POINTS AND LUBRICANT TYPES .................................... 2-23
ENGINE................................................................................................... 2-23
COOLANT FLOW DIAGRAMS ..................................................................... 2-24
OIL FLOW DIAGRAMS ................................................................................. 2-27
CABLE ROUTING ......................................................................................... 2-32
CHAPTER 3
PERIODIC CHECKS AND ADJUSTMENTS
INTRODUCTION.............................................................................................. 3-1
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE/LUBRICATION .................................................. 3-1
ENGINE ...........................................................................................................3-3
ADJUSTING THE VALVE CLEARANCE .................................................. 3-3
ADJUSTING THE TIMING CHAIN ............................................................ 3-6
ADJUSTING THE IDLING SPEED............................................................ 3-6
ADJUSTING THE THROTTLE CABLE .....................................................3-7
ADJUSTING THE STARTER CABLE .......................................................3-8
CHECKING THE SPARK PLUG ............................................................... 3-9
CHECKING THE IGNITION TIMING.......................................................3-10
MEASURING THE COMPRESSION PRESSURE..................................3-11
CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL....................................................3-13
CHANGING THE ENGINE OIL ...............................................................3-14
CLEANING THE AIR FILTER.................................................................. 3-16
CHECKING THE COOLANT LEVEL.......................................................3-18
CHANGING THE COOLANT................................................................... 3-19
CHECKING THE COOLANT TEMPERATURE WARNING LIGHT.........3-23
CHECKING THE V-BELT........................................................................3-23
CLEANING THE SPARK ARRESTER ....................................................3-25
CHASSIS ....................................................................................................... 3-26
ADJUSTING THE BRAKE PEDAL .......................................................... 3-26
ADJUSTING THE PARKING BRAKE......................................................3-27
CHECKING THE BRAKE FLUID LEVEL................................................. 3-28
CHECKING THE FRONT BRAKE PADS ................................................ 3-29
CHECKING THE REAR BRAKE PADS .................................................. 3-29
CHECKING THE BRAKE HOSES AND BRAKE PIPES ......................... 3-29
BLEEDING THE HYDRAULIC BRAKE SYSTEM ................................... 3-30
ADJUSTING THE SELECT LEVER SHIFT ROD.................................... 3-32
ADJUSTING THE BRAKE LIGHT SWITCH ............................................3-32
CHECKING THE FINAL GEAR OIL LEVEL ............................................3-33
CHANGING THE FINAL GEAR OIL........................................................ 3-34
CHECKING THE DIFFERENTIAL GEAR OIL.........................................3-34
CHANGING THE DIFFERENTIAL GEAR OIL ........................................ 3-35
CHECKING THE CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINT DUST BOOTS ..........3-36
CHECKING THE STEERING SYSTEM .................................................. 3-37
ADJUSTING THE TOE-IN....................................................................... 3-37
ADJUSTING THE FRONT SHOCK ABSORBERS .................................3-39
ADJUSTING THE REAR SHOCK ABSORBERS.................................... 3-39
CHECKING THE TIRES..........................................................................3-40
CHECKING THE WHEELS ..................................................................... 3-42
CHECKING AND LUBRICATING THE CABLES .................................... 3-42
LUBRICATING THE PEDAL, ETC. ......................................................... 3-43
ELECTRICAL ................................................................................................3-44
CHECKING AND CHARGING THE BATTERY....................................... 3-44
CHECKING THE FUSES ........................................................................3-49
ADJUSTING THE HEADLIGHT BEAM ...................................................3-51
CHANGING THE HEADLIGHT BULB .....................................................3-51
CHANGING THE TAIL/BRAKE LIGHT BULB .........................................3-52
CHAPTER 4
ENGINE
ENGINE REMOVAL ........................................................................................4-1
AIR DUCTS, MUFFLER AND EXHAUST PIPE ........................................ 4-1
SELECT LEVER UNIT AND COOLANT RESERVOIR ............................. 4-3
HOSES AND LEADS................................................................................. 4-4
ENGINE MOUNTING BOLTS ...................................................................4-6
INSTALLING THE ENGINE....................................................................... 4-8
CYLINDER HEAD COVER..............................................................................4-9
REMOVING THE CYLINDER HEAD COVER.........................................4-11
CHECKING THE CYLINDER HEAD COVER .........................................4-11
CHECKING THE TAPPET COVERS ......................................................4-11
INSTALLING THE CYLINDER HEAD COVER ....................................... 4-12
ROCKER ARMS ............................................................................................ 4-13
REMOVING THE ROCKER ARMS ......................................................... 4-15
CHECKING THE ROCKER ARMS.......................................................... 4-15
INSTALLING THE ROCKER ARMS........................................................ 4-16
CAMSHAFT AND CYLINDER HEAD............................................................ 4-17
REMOVING THE CAMSHAFT AND CYLINDER HEAD ......................... 4-19
CHECKING THE CAMSHAFT.................................................................4-19
CHECKING THE CAMSHAFT SPROCKET............................................4-20
CHECKING THE DECOMPRESSION SYSTEM..................................... 4-20
CHECKING THE TIMING CHAIN GUIDE (EXHAUST SIDE) ................. 4-20
CHECKING THE TIMING CHAIN TENSIONER...................................... 4-20
CHECKING THE CYLINDER HEAD .......................................................4-21
INSTALLING THE CAMSHAFT AND CYLINDER HEAD........................ 4-22
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS.................................................................. 4-25
REMOVING THE VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS ...............................4-26
CHECKING THE VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS ................................4-27
INSTALLING THE VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS ..............................4-31
CYLINDER AND PISTON.............................................................................. 4-33
REMOVING THE PISTON ...................................................................... 4-34
CHECKING THE CYLINDER AND PISTON ...........................................4-34
CHECKING THE PISTON RINGS........................................................... 4-36
CHECKING THE PISTON PIN ................................................................4-37
INSTALLING THE PISTON ..................................................................... 4-37
INSTALLING THE CYLINDER ................................................................4-39
ENGINE COOLING FAN AND A.C. MAGNETO...........................................4-40
REMOVING THE A.C. MAGNETO.......................................................... 4-43
CHECKING THE A.C. MAGNETO .......................................................... 4-43
CHECKING THE STARTER CLUTCH ....................................................4-44
CHECKING THE ENGINE COOLING FAN............................................. 4-45
INSTALLING THE A.C. MAGNETO ........................................................ 4-45
BALANCER GEARS AND OIL PUMP GEARS ............................................4-48
REMOVING THE BALANCER DRIVE GEAR
AND BALANCER DRIVEN GEAR........................................................... 4-50
CHECKING THE OIL PUMP DRIVE GEAR
AND OIL PUMP DRIVEN GEAR ............................................................. 4-50
CHECKING THE BALANCER DRIVE GEAR
AND BALANCER DRIVEN GEAR........................................................... 4-50
INSTALLING THE BALANCER DRIVE GEAR
AND BALANCER DRIVEN GEAR........................................................... 4-51
PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SHEAVES....................................................4-52
PRIMARY SHEAVE................................................................................. 4-54
SECONDARY SHEAVE ..........................................................................4-55
REMOVING THE PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SHEAVES ................. 4-56
DISASSEMBLING THE SECONDARY SHEAVE.................................... 4-56
CHECKING THE PRIMARY SHEAVE ....................................................4-57
CHECKING THE SECONDARY SHEAVE .............................................. 4-57
ASSEMBLING THE PRIMARY SHEAVE ................................................ 4-58
ASSEMBLING THE SECONDARY SHEAVE..........................................4-58
INSTALLING THE PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SHEAVES................ 4-60
CLUTCH ........................................................................................................4-61
REMOVING THE CLUTCH ..................................................................... 4-63
CHECKING THE CLUTCH...................................................................... 4-63
INSTALLING THE CLUTCH.................................................................... 4-64
CRANKCASE ................................................................................................4-66
STARTER MOTOR, TIMING CHAIN AND OIL FILTER.......................... 4-66
CRANKCASE .......................................................................................... 4-68
CRANKCASE BEARINGS....................................................................... 4-69
SEPARATING THE CRANKCASE.......................................................... 4-70
CHECKING THE TIMING CHAIN AND GUIDES .................................... 4-70
CHECKING THE OIL DELIVERY PIPE...................................................4-70
CHECKING THE RELIEF VALVE ........................................................... 4-71
CHECKING THE CRANKCASE ..............................................................4-71
CHECKING THE BEARINGS.................................................................. 4-71
ASSEMBLING THE CRANKCASE.......................................................... 4-71
INSTALLING THE SHIFT LEVERS......................................................... 4-72
CRANKSHAFT AND OIL PUMP ................................................................... 4-73
OIL PUMP ...............................................................................................4-74
REMOVING THE CRANKSHAFT ........................................................... 4-75
CHECKING THE OIL PUMP ................................................................... 4-75
CHECKING THE RELIEF VALVE ........................................................... 4-76
CHECKING THE OIL STRAINER ........................................................... 4-76
ASSEMBLING THE OIL PUMP...............................................................4-76
CHECKING THE CRANKSHAFT ............................................................ 4-77
INSTALLING THE CRANKSHAFT AND BALANCER ............................. 4-78
TRANSMISSION............................................................................................ 4-79
DRIVE AXLE ASSEMBLY ....................................................................... 4-80
REMOVING THE TRANSMISSION ........................................................ 4-81
CHECKING THE SHIFT FORKS............................................................. 4-81
CHECKING THE SHIFT DRUM ..............................................................4-82
CHECKING THE DRIVE AXLE ...............................................................4-82
CHECKING THE HIGH WHEEL GEAR AND MIDDLE DRIVE GEAR .... 4-82
CHECKING THE SECONDARY SHAFT AND DRIVEN SPROCKET..... 4-83
CHECKING THE CHAIN .........................................................................4-83
ASSEMBLING THE SHIFT FORK ASSEMBLY ...................................... 4-84
INSTALLING THE TRANSMISSION .......................................................4-84
MIDDLE GEAR ..............................................................................................4-85
MIDDLE DRIVE SHAFT ..........................................................................4-85
MIDDLE DRIVEN SHAFT........................................................................4-86
REMOVING THE MIDDLE DRIVE SHAFT ............................................. 4-88
REMOVING THE MIDDLE DRIVEN SHAFT...........................................4-88
CHECKING THE PINION GEARS .......................................................... 4-91
SELECTING THE MIDDLE DRIVE AND DRIVEN GEAR SHIMS...........4-92
INSTALLING THE MIDDLE DRIVEN SHAFT .........................................4-95
INSTALLING THE MIDDLE DRIVE SHAFT ............................................4-97
MEASURING THE MIDDLE GEAR BACKLASH..................................... 4-98
CHAPTER 5
COOLING SYSTEM
RADIATOR AND COOLANT RESERVOIR .................................................... 5-1
CHECKING THE RADIATOR.................................................................... 5-3
INSTALLING THE RADIATOR..................................................................5-4
WATER PUMP.................................................................................................5-5
DISASSEMBLING THE WATER PUMP.................................................... 5-7
CHECKING THE WATER PUMP .............................................................. 5-7
ASSEMBLING THE WATER PUMP.......................................................... 5-8
OIL COOLER.................................................................................................5-10
CHECKING THE OIL COOLER ..............................................................5-12
CHAPTER 6
FUEL SYSTEM
FUEL PUMP AND FUEL TANK ...................................................................... 6-1
CHECKING THE FUEL PUMP OPERATION............................................6-3
CARBURETOR................................................................................................6-4
DISASSEMBLING THE CARBURETOR................................................... 6-8
CHECKING THE CARBURETOR ............................................................. 6-8
ASSEMBLING THE CARBURETOR.......................................................6-10
ADJUSTING THE FUEL LEVEL..............................................................6-11
CHAPTER 7
DRIVE TRAIN
TROUBLESHOOTING.....................................................................................7-1
FRONT CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, DIFFERENTIAL GEAR
AND DRIVE SHAFT ........................................................................................7-4
DISASSEMBLING THE UNIVERSAL JOINT ............................................7-9
REMOVING THE DIFFERENTIAL GEAR ASSEMBLY............................. 7-9
CHECKING THE CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS ................................7-10
CHECKING THE DIFFERENTIAL GEAR................................................ 7-10
CHECKING THE GEAR MOTOR............................................................ 7-11
ASSEMBLING THE FRONT CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS .............. 7-11
ASSEMBLING THE DIFFERENTIAL GEAR ...........................................7-12
ASSEMBLING THE UNIVERSAL JOINT ................................................ 7-14
MEASURING AND ADJUSTING THE DIFFERENTIAL GEAR LASH .... 7-14
CHECKING THE DIFFERENTIAL GEAR OPERATION ......................... 7-16
REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE GEAR
AND DRIVE SHAFT ......................................................................................7-18
ASSEMBLING THE REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS................. 7-24
DISASSEMBLING THE FINAL GEAR CASE..........................................7-24
REMOVING THE FINAL DRIVE ROLLER BEARINGS........................... 7-25
INSTALLING THE FINAL DRIVE ROLLER BEARINGS ......................... 7-26
POSITIONING THE FINAL DRIVE PINION GEAR AND RING GEAR ... 7-26
CHECKING THE DRIVE SHAFT............................................................. 7-31
CHECKING THE FINAL GEAR CASE ....................................................7-31
MEASURING AND ADJUSTING THE FINAL GEAR LASH....................7-32
ASSEMBLING THE FINAL GEAR CASE................................................ 7-33
CHAPTER 8
CHASSIS
SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD AND CARGO BED ........................................ 8-1
FRONT BUMPER AND HOOD .................................................................8-1
SEATS, CONSOLE AND INSTRUMENT PANELS...................................8-2
PANELS AND FOOTREST COVER .........................................................8-4
CARGO BED ............................................................................................. 8-6
SKID PLATES ........................................................................................... 8-8
ENCLOSURE AND SEAT BELTS............................................................. 8-9
FRONT WHEELS AND BRAKE DISCS........................................................ 8-10
CHECKING THE FRONT WHEEL .......................................................... 8-12
CHECKING THE FRONT WHEEL HUB.................................................. 8-12
CHECKING THE FRONT BRAKE DISC ................................................. 8-13
INSTALLING THE FRONT WHEEL HUB................................................ 8-13
INSTALLING THE FRONT WHEEL ........................................................ 8-13
REAR WHEELS AND BRAKE DISC ............................................................ 8-14
REAR WHEELS ......................................................................................8-14
REAR BRAKE DISC................................................................................ 8-15
CHECKING THE REAR WHEEL............................................................. 8-16
CHECKING THE REAR WHEEL HUB ....................................................8-16
CHECKING THE REAR BRAKE DISC....................................................8-16
INSTALLING THE REAR WHEEL HUB .................................................. 8-17
INSTALLING THE REAR WHEEL........................................................... 8-17
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES....................................................................... 8-18
FRONT BRAKE PADS ............................................................................8-18
REAR BRAKE PADS............................................................................... 8-19
REPLACING THE FRONT BRAKE PADS .............................................. 8-20
REPLACING THE REAR BRAKE PADS................................................. 8-21
BRAKE MASTER CYLINDER .................................................................8-24
CHECKING THE MASTER CYLINDER .................................................. 8-26
ASSEMBLING THE BRAKE MASTER CYLINDER.................................8-26
INSTALLING THE BRAKE MASTER CYLINDER ................................... 8-27
FRONT BRAKE CALIPER....................................................................... 8-29
REAR BRAKE CALIPER .........................................................................8-31
DISASSEMBLING THE FRONT BRAKE CALIPERS..............................8-35
DISASSEMBLING THE REAR BRAKE CALIPER ..................................8-35
CHECKING THE FRONT AND REAR BRAKE CALIPERS ....................8-36
ASSEMBLING THE FRONT BRAKE CALIPERS.................................... 8-37
ASSEMBLING THE REAR BRAKE CALIPER ........................................ 8-38
INSTALLING THE FRONT BRAKE CALIPERS ...................................... 8-40
INSTALLING THE REAR BRAKE CALIPER...........................................8-41
PEDAL ASSEMBLY ......................................................................................8-43
STEERING SYSTEM .....................................................................................8-45
STEERING COLUMN AND STEERING ASSEMBLY ............................. 8-45
DISASSEMBLING THE STEERING ASSEMBLY ................................... 8-48
CHECKING THE STEERING JOINT.......................................................8-48
CHECKING THE STEERING ASSEMBLY.............................................. 8-48
ASSEMBLING THE STEERING ASSEMBLY .........................................8-49
INSTALLING THE STEERING SYSTEM ................................................ 8-50
TIE-ROD AND STEERING KNUCKLE....................................................8-51
REMOVING THE STEERING KNUCKLES ............................................. 8-52
CHECKING THE TIE-RODS ................................................................... 8-52
CHECKING THE STEERING KNUCKLES.............................................. 8-52
FRONT ARMS AND FRONT SHOCK ABSORBER ..................................... 8-56
REMOVING THE FRONT ARMS ............................................................ 8-58
CHECKING THE FRONT ARMS............................................................. 8-58
CHECKING THE FRONT SHOCK ABSORBER ..................................... 8-60
INSTALLING THE FRONT ARMS AND FRONT SHOCK ABSORBER..8-61
REAR KNUCKLE AND STABILIZER ........................................................... 8-62
CHECKING THE REAR KNUCKLE ........................................................ 8-63
CHECKING THE STABILIZER................................................................8-63
REAR ARMS AND REAR SHOCK ABSORBER..........................................8-64
CHECKING THE REAR ARMS ...............................................................8-65
CHECKING THE REAR SHOCK ABSORBER........................................ 8-65
INSTALLING THE REAR ARMS AND REAR SHOCK ABSORBER....... 8-66
CHAPTER 9
ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS........................................................................ 9-1
CHECKING THE SWITCH............................................................................... 9-3
CHECKING THE SWITCH ........................................................................ 9-3
CHECKING A SWITCH SHOWN IN THE MANUAL .................................9-3
CHECKING THE SWITCH CONTINUITY ................................................. 9-4
CHECKING THE BULBS AND BULB SOCKETS .......................................... 9-6
TYPES OF BULBS .................................................................................... 9-6
CHECKING THE CONDITION OF THE BULBS ....................................... 9-6
CHECKING THE CONDITION OF THE BULB SOCKETS .......................9-8
IGNITION SYSTEM ......................................................................................... 9-9
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM .................................................................................. 9-9
TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................................................9-10
ELECTRIC STARTING SYSTEM .................................................................. 9-15
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM ................................................................................ 9-15
STARTING CIRCUIT OPERATION......................................................... 9-16
TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................................................9-17
STARTER MOTOR ................................................................................. 9-20
CHECKING THE STARTER MOTOR .....................................................9-21
ASSEMBLING THE STARTER MOTOR................................................. 9-22
CHARGING SYSTEM....................................................................................9-23
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM ............................................................................... 9-23
TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................................................9-24
LIGHTING SYSTEM ......................................................................................9-26
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM ................................................................................ 9-26
TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................................................9-27
CHECKING THE LIGHTING SYSTEM....................................................9-29
SIGNALING SYSTEM ...................................................................................9-32
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM ................................................................................ 9-32
TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................................................9-34
CHECKING THE SIGNAL SYSTEM .......................................................9-36
COOLING SYSTEM....................................................................................... 9-46
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM ................................................................................ 9-46
TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................................................9-47
2WD/4WD SELECTING SYSTEM.................................................................9-51
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM ................................................................................ 9-51
TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................................................9-52
CARBURETOR HEATING SYSTEM............................................................. 9-56
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM ................................................................................ 9-56
TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................................................9-57
CHAPTER 10
TROUBLESHOOTING
STARTING FAILURE/HARD STARTING .....................................................10-1
FUEL SYSTEM........................................................................................ 10-1
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM...........................................................................10-1
COMPRESSION SYSTEM...................................................................... 10-2
POOR IDLE SPEED PERFORMANCE ......................................................... 10-2
POOR IDLE SPEED PERFORMANCE...................................................10-2
POOR MEDIUM AND HIGH-SPEED PERFORMANCE................................10-2
POOR MEDIUM AND HIGH-SPEED PERFORMANCE ......................... 10-2
FAULTY DRIVE TRAIN ................................................................................. 10-3
FAULTY GEAR SHIFTING............................................................................10-4
HARD SHIFTING.....................................................................................10-4
SHIFT LEVER DOES NOT MOVE .......................................................... 10-4
JUMPS OUT OF GEAR...........................................................................10-4
FAULTY CLUTCH PERFORMANCE ............................................................ 10-4
ENGINE OPERATES BUT VEHICLE WILL NOT MOVE ........................ 10-4
CLUTCH SLIPPING ................................................................................ 10-4
POOR STARTING PERFORMANCE......................................................10-4
POOR SPEED PERFORMANCE............................................................ 10-5
OVERHEATING............................................................................................. 10-5
OVERHEATING ......................................................................................10-5
FAULTY BRAKE ........................................................................................... 10-5
POOR BRAKING EFFECT...................................................................... 10-5
SHOCK ABSORBER MALFUNCTION ......................................................... 10-5
MALFUNCTION....................................................................................... 10-5
UNSTABLE HANDLING................................................................................ 10-6
UNSTABLE HANDLING ..........................................................................10-6
LIGHTING SYSTEM ......................................................................................10-6
HEADLIGHT DOES NOT COME ON ......................................................10-6
BULB BURNT OUT ................................................................................. 10-6
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION
GEN
INFO
GENERAL INFORMATION
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER
The vehicle identification number 1
stamped into the left side of the frame.
is
MODEL LABEL
The model label 1 is affixed to the frame. This
information will be needed to order spare
parts.
1-1
FEATURES
GEN
INFO
FEATURES
SELF-ADJUSTING PARKING BRAKE MECHANISM
Usually, for vehicles equipped with a parking brake that must be adjusted manually, it is necessary
to adjust the adjusting bolt to achieve the proper clearance between the brake caliper piston and the
adjusting bolt.
This adjustment procedure is unnecessary for vehicles equipped with a self-adjusting parking brake
mechanism. The proper clearance is automatically maintained at all times, ensuring stable braking
performance when parking the vehicle.
1
5
7
4
2
3
6
1 Parking brake arm
2 Parking brake arm shaft
3 Set bolt
4 Adjusting bolt sleeve
5 Adjusting bolt
6 Nut
7 Brake caliper piston
1-2
1
FEATURES
GEN
INFO
Parking Brake Operation
1
2
6
4
5
1 Parking brake arm
2 Parking brake arm shaft
3 Set bolt
3
4 Adjusting bolt sleeve
5 Brake caliper piston
6 Brake pad
When the parking brake is operated, the parking brake cable turns the parking brake arm 1. The
rotation of the parking brake arm is changed to axial thrust in the parking brake arm shaft 2 and the
set bolt 3 is pushed against the adjusting bolt sleeve 4.
When the adjusting bolt sleeve receives the force, the dark shaded area in the above illustration is
pushed together and the brake pad 6 is pushed against the brake disc.
When the brake pad wears, the clearance between the brake caliper piston 5 and the brake pad
becomes larger and the force applied to the brake pad becomes weaker.
If this occurs, the self-adjusting parking brake mechanism adjusts automatically to achieve the
proper clearance.
1-3
FEATURES
GEN
INFO
Parking Brake Adjustment
È
É
1
2
3
4
Ê
1 Brake caliper piston
2 Nut
3 Adjusting bolt
4 Adjusting bolt sleeve
When the brake pedal is operated, the brake fluid pressure in the master cylinder increases and the
brake caliper piston 1 and the nut 2 are pushed.
When there is proper clearance between the brake caliper piston and the brake pad, no other parts
move because the movement of the brake caliper piston and the nut is absorbed by the backlash of
the threads of the nut and the adjusting bolt 3.
When the movement of the nut is greater than the backlash between the nut and the adjusting bolt,
the parking brake adjusts automatically.
The amount of the adjustment varies with brake fluid pressure. Operating the parking brake makes
no adjustment.
The adjustment operation is as follows.
1. When the brake pedal is operated, the brake fluid pressure increases and the brake caliper piston and the nut move.
2. When the movement of the brake caliper piston and the nut is greater than the backlash of the
threads of the nut and the adjusting bolt, the force È will be required to pull the adjusting bolt.
The force to pull the adjusting bolt will be turned into the rotation torque É by the shape of the
threads of the nut and the adjusting bolt.
3. At this time, the clutch torque Ê between the adjusting bolt and the adjusting bolt sleeve 4 will
decrease depending on the force required to pull the adjusting bolt.
When the rotation torque exceeds the clutch torque, the adjusting bolt rotates and the clearance
between the brake caliper piston and the brake pad decreases by the movement of the threads
of the nut and the adjusting bolt.
1-4
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
GEN
INFO
EB101000
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
PREPARATION FOR REMOVAL
PROCEDURES
1. Remove all dirt, mud, dust and foreign
material before removal and disassembly.
2. Use proper tools and cleaning equipment.
Refer to “SPECIAL TOOLS”.
3. When disassembling the vehicle, always
keep mated parts together. This includes
gears, cylinder, piston and other parts that
have been “mated” through normal wear.
Mated parts must always be reused or
replaced as an assembly.
4. During vehicle disassembly, clean all parts
and place them in trays in the order of disassembly. This will speed up assembly and
allow for the correct installation of all parts.
5. Keep all parts away from any source of fire.
EB101010
REPLACEMENT PARTS
1. Use only genuine Yamaha parts for all
replacements. Use oil and grease recommended by Yamaha for all lubrication jobs.
Other brands may be similar in function and
appearance, but inferior in quality.
EB101020
GASKETS, OIL SEALS AND O-RINGS
1. Replace all gaskets, seals and O-rings
when overhauling the engine. All gasket
surfaces, oil seal lips and O-rings must be
cleaned.
2. Properly oil all mating parts and bearings
during reassembly. Apply grease to the oil
seal lips.
1-5
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
GEN
INFO
EB101030
LOCK WASHERS/PLATES AND COTTER
PINS
1. Replace all lock washers/plates 1 and cotter pins after removal. Bend lock tabs along
the bolt or nut flats after the bolt or nut has
been tightened to specification.
EB101040
BEARINGS AND OIL SEALS
1. Install bearings and oil seals so that the
manufacturer’s marks or numbers are visible. When installing oil seals, apply a light
coating of lithium-soap-based grease to the
seal lips. Oil bearings liberally when installing, if appropriate.
1 Oil seal
CAUTION:
Do not use compressed air to spin the
bearings dry. This will damage the bearing
surfaces.
1 Bearing
EB101050
CIRCLIPS
1. Check all circlips carefully before reassembly. Always replace piston pin clips after one
use. Replace distorted circlips. When
installing a circlip 1, make sure that the
sharp-edged corner 2 is positioned opposite the thrust 3 it receives. See sectional
view.
4 Shaft
1-6
CHECKING OF CONNECTIONS
GEN
INFO
EB801000
CHECKING OF CONNECTIONS
Check the connectors for stains, rust, moisture, etc.
1. Disconnect:
• Connector
2. Check:
• Connector
Moisture → Dry each terminal with an air
blower.
Stains/rust → Connect and disconnect the
terminals several times.
3. Check:
• Connector leads
Looseness → Bend up the pin 1 and connect the terminals.
4. Connect:
• Connector terminals
NOTE:
The two terminals “click” together.
5. Check:
• Continuity (using a pocket tester)
NOTE:
• If there is no continuity, clean the terminals.
• When checking the wire harness be sure to
perform steps 1 to 3.
• As a quick remedy, use a contact revitalizer
available at most part stores.
• Check the connector with a pocket tester as
shown.
1-7
SPECIAL TOOLS
GEN
INFO
EB102001
SPECIAL TOOLS
The following special tools are necessary for complete and accurate tune-up and assembly. Use
only the appropriate special tools; this will help prevent damage caused by the use of inappropriate
tools or improvised techniques. Special tools may differ by shape and part number from country to
country. In such a case, two types are provided.
When placing an order, refer to the list provided below to avoid any mistakes.
For US and CDN
P/N. YM-, YU-, YS-, YK-, ACCExcept for US and CDN
P/N. 90890Tool No.
Bolt
90890-01083
Weight
90890-01084
Set
YU-01083-A
Tool name/Function
Slide hammer bolt (M6)/weight/set
These tools are used to remove the
rocker arm shaft.
Crankcase separating tool
90890-01135
YU-01135-A
This tool is used to separate the crankcase.
Coupling gear/middle shaft tool
90890-01229
YM-01229
This tool is needed when removing or
installing the coupling gear nut.
Pot
90890-01274
Bolt
90890-01275
Crankshaft installer pot
Crankshaft installer bolt
These tools are used to install the crankshaft.
Piston pin puller
90890-01304
YU-01304
This tool is used to remove the piston pin.
Spacer
90890-01309
This tool is used to install the crankshaft.
1-8
Illustration
SPECIAL TOOLS
Tool No.
Tool name/Function
Tappet adjusting tool
90890-01311
YM-08035-A
This tool is necessary for adjusting the
valve clearance.
Fuel level gauge
90890-01312
YM-01312-A
This gauge is used to measure the fuel
level in the float chamber.
Radiator cap tester
90890-01325
YU-24460-01
This tool is used to check the cooling system.
Locknut wrench
90890-01348
YM-01348
This tool is needed when removing or
installing the secondary sheave spring.
Radiator cap tester adapter
90890-01352
YU-33984
This tool is used to check the cooling system.
Adapter
90890-01383
YM-01383
Spacer
90890-04081
YM-91044
Adapter
Spacer (crankshaft installer)
These tools are used to install the crankshaft.
Flywheel puller
90890-01404
YM-01404
These tools are needed to remove the
rotor.
Oil filter wrench
90890-01426
YU-38411
This tool is needed to loosen or tighten
the oil filter cartridge.
1-9
GEN
INFO
Illustration
SPECIAL TOOLS
Tool No.
Tool name/Function
Ring nut wrench
90890-01430
YM-38404
This tool is needed to removing and
installing the middle driven shaft bearing
retainer.
Gear lash measurement tool
90890-01467
YM-01467
This tool is used to measure the gear
lash.
Ball joint remover/installer set
Ball joint adapter set
90890-01474
YM-01474
These tools are used to removing or
installing the ball joints.
Sheave holder
Primary sheave holder
90890-01701
YS-01880-A
Set
90890-03081
YU-33223
Adapter
90890-04082
YU-33223-4
This tool is needed to hold the primary
sheave when removing or installing the
sheave bolts.
Compression gauge
Adapter (compression gauge)
These tools are needed to measure
engine compression.
Pocket tester
90890-03112
YU-03112-C
This instrument is needed for checking
the electrical system.
Engine tachometer
90890-03113
This tool is needed for observing engine
rpm.
Timing light
Battery powered timing light
90890-03141
YM-33277-A
This tool is necessary for checking ignition timing.
1 - 10
GEN
INFO
Illustration
SPECIAL TOOLS
Tool No.
Compressor
90890-04019
YM-04019
Attachment
90890-01243
YM-01253-1
Middle driven shaft
bearing driver
90890-04058
YM-04058-1
Mechanical seal
installer
90890-04078
YM-33221
Tool name/Function
Valve spring compressor
Valve spring compressor attachment
This tool is needed to remove and install
the valve assemblies.
Middle driven shaft bearing driver
Mechanical seal installer
Water pump seal installer
These tools are used to install the water
pump seal.
Universal joint holder
90890-04062
YM-04062
This tool is needed when removing or
installing the universal joint yoke nut.
Valve guide remover (ø 6)
90890-04064
YM-04064-A
This tool is needed to remove and install
the valve guide.
Valve guide installer (ø 6)
90890-04065
YM-04065-A
This tool is needed to install the valve
guide.
Valve guide reamer (ø 6)
90890-04066
YM-04066
This tool is needed to rebore the new
valve guide.
Universal clutch holder
90890-04086
YM-91042
This tool is needed to hold the clutch carrier when removing or installing the carrier nut.
Bearing retainer wrench
90890-04128
YM-04128
This tool is needed when removing or
installing the bearing retainer.
1 - 11
GEN
INFO
Illustration
SPECIAL TOOLS
Tool No.
Tool name/Function
Sheave spring compressor
90890-04134
YM-04134
This tool is needed when removing or
installing the secondary sheave spring.
Sheave fixed block
90890-04135
YM-04135
This tool is needed when removing or
installing the secondary sheave spring.
Ignition checker
Pulse ignition spark checker
90890-06754
YM-34487
This instrument is necessary for checking
the ignition system components.
Bond
90890-85505
Sealant
ACC-11001-05-01
Yamaha bond No. 1215
Sealant (Quick Gasket®)
This sealant (bond) is used on crankcase
mating surfaces, etc.
Ball joint remover/installer attachment set
YM-01477
This tool is used to remove and install the
ball joints.
Digital engine test tachometer
YU-8036-C
This tool is needed for observing engine
rpm.
Crankshaft installer set
YU-90050
These tools are used to install the crankshaft.
1 - 12
GEN
INFO
Illustration
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
SPEC
SPECIFICATIONS
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Standard
Model code
Dimensions
Overall length
Overall width
Overall height
Seat height
Wheelbase
Minimum ground clearance
Minimum turning radius
Basic weight
With oil and full fuel tank
Engine
Engine type
Cylinder arrangement
Displacement
Bore × stroke
Compression ratio
Standard compression pressure (at sea level)
Starting system
Lubrication system
Oil type or grade
Engine oil
0°
10°
30°
50°
70°
90°
110°
130°F
5UG1
2,885 mm (113.6 in)
1,385 mm (54.5 in)
1,853 mm (73.0 in)
818 mm (32.2 in)
1,910 mm (75.2 in)
273 mm (10.75 in)
3,900 mm (153.5 in)
510 kg (1,124 lb)
Liquid-cooled 4-stroke, SOHC
Forward-inclined single cylinder
660 cm3
100 × 84 mm (3.94 × 3.31 in)
9.1 : 1
1,324 kPa (13.24 kg/cm2, 188.31 psi)
at 850 r/min
Electric starter
Wet sump
API service SE, SF, SG type or higher
YAMALUBE 4 (20W40) or SAE 20W40
YAMALUBE 4 (10W30) or SAE 10W30
SAE 5W30
-20°
-10°
0°
10°
20°
Final gear oil
Differential gear oil
Oil capacity
Engine oil
Periodic oil change
With oil filter replacement
Total amount
Final gear case oil
Periodic oil change
Total amount
30°
40°
50°C
SAE 80API “GL-4” Hypoid Gear Oil
SAE 80API “GL-4” Hypoid Gear Oil
2.10 L (1.85 Imp qt, 2.22 US qt)
2.20 L (1.94 Imp qt, 2.33 US qt)
2.40 L (2.11 Imp qt, 2.54 US qt)
0.25 L (0.22 Imp qt, 0.26 US qt)
0.28 L (0.25 Imp qt, 0.30 US qt)
2-1
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Differential gear case oil
Periodic oil change
Total amount
Air filter
Fuel
Type
Fuel tank capacity
Carburetor
Type/quantity
Manufacturer
Spark plug
Type/manufacturer
Spark plug gap
Clutch type
Transmission
Primary reduction system
Secondary reduction system
Secondary reduction ratio
Transmission type
Operation
Single speed automatic
Sub transmission ratio
Reverse gear
Chassis
Frame type
Caster angle
Camber angle
Kingpin angle
Kingpin offset
Trail
Tread (STD)
Toe-in
Tire
Type
Size
Manufacturer
Type
SPEC
Standard
0.32 L (0.28 Imp qt, 0.34 US qt)
0.33 L (0.29 Imp qt, 0.35 US qt)
Wet type element
Unleaded gasoline only
30 L (6.60 Imp gal, 7.93 US gal)
BSR42/1
MIKUNI
DPR8EA–9/NGK
0.8 ~ 0.9 mm (0.031 ~ 0.035 in)
Wet, centrifugal automatic
low
high
front
rear
front
rear
front
rear
front
rear
V-belt
Shaft drive
41/21 × 24/18 × 33/9 (9.544)
V-belt automatic
Right hand operation
2.37 ~ 0.91 : 1
35/17 (2.058)
28/19 (1.473)
25/17 (1.471)
Steel tube frame
5.0°
0°
12°
0 mm (0 in)
26 mm (1.02 in)
1,115 mm (43.90 in)
1,107 mm (43.58 in)
0 ~ 10 mm (0.00 ~ 0.39 in)
Tubeless
AT25 × 8–12NHS
AT25 × 10–12NHS
GOODYEAR
GOODYEAR
Rawhide RS
Rawhide RS
2-2
2
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Tire pressure (cold tire)
Maximum load*
Off-road riding
SPEC
Standard
front
rear
* Load in total weight of cargo, operator,
passenger, accessories and tongue weight
Brake
Front brake
type
operation
Rear brake
type
operation
Suspension
Front suspension
Rear suspension
Shock absorber
Front shock absorber
Rear shock absorber
Wheel travel
Front wheel travel
Rear wheel travel
Electrical
Ignition system
Generator system
Battery type
Battery capacity
Headlight type
Bulb wattage × quantity
Headlight
Tail/brake light
Indicator lights
Neutral
Reverse
Coolant temperature
Parking brake
Four-wheel drive
Differential gear lock
397 kg (876 lb)
63 ~ 77 kPa (0.63 ~ 0.77 kg/cm2, 9 ~ 11 psi)
91 ~ 105 kPa (0.91 ~ 1.05 kg/cm2, 13 ~ 15 psi)
Dual disc brake
Foot brake
Single disc brake
Foot brake
Double wishbone
Double wishbone
Coil spring/oil damper
Coil spring/oil damper
185 mm (7.28 in)
185 mm (7.28 in)
DC. C.D.I.
A.C. magneto
U1L-11
12 V, 28 AH
Krypton bulb
12 V 30 W/30 W × 2
12 V 5 W/21 W × 2
12 V 1.7 W × 1
12 V 1.7 W × 1
12 V 1.7 W × 1
12 V 1.7 W × 1
12 V 1.7 W × 1
12 V 1.7 W × 1
2-3
ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS
SPEC
ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Standard
Cylinder head
Warp limit
Cylinder
Bore size
Measuring point
Camshaft
Drive method
Cam dimensions
Limit
----
0.03 mm
(0.0012 in)
100.005 ~ 100.055 mm
(3.9372 ~ 3.9392 in)
50 mm (1.97 in)
100.10 mm
(3.9410 in)
----
Chain drive (Left)
----
A
B
Intake
“A”
“B”
Exhaust
“A”
“B”
Camshaft runout limit
35.69 ~ 35.79 mm
(1.4051 ~ 1.4091 in)
30.06 ~ 30.16 mm
(1.1835 ~ 1.1874 in)
36.50 ~ 36.60 mm
(1.4370 ~ 1.4409 in)
30.11 ~ 30.21 mm
(1.1854 ~ 1.1894 in)
----
2-4
35.59 mm
(1.4012 in)
29.96 mm
(1.1795 in)
36.40 mm
(1.4331 in)
30.01 mm
(1.1815 in)
0.03 mm
(0.0012 in)
ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Standard
Cam chain
Cam chain type/No. of links
Cam chain adjustment method
Rocker arm/rocker arm shaft
Rocker arm inside diameter
Shaft outside diameter
Arm-to-shaft clearance
Valve, valve seat, valve guide
Valve clearance (cold)
IN
EX
SPEC
Limit
92RH2010J/126M
Automatic
-------
12.000 ~ 12.018 mm
(0.4724 ~ 0.4731 in)
11.976 ~ 11.991 mm
(0.4715 ~ 0.4721 in)
0.009 ~ 0.042 mm
(0.0004 ~ 0.0017 in)
----
0.10 ~ 0.15 mm
(0.0039 ~ 0.0059 in)
0.15 ~ 0.20 mm
(0.0059 ~ 0.0079 in)
----
-------
----
Valve dimensions
B
C
D
A
Head Diameter
Face Width
“A” head diameter
IN
EX
“B” face width
“C” seat width
IN
EX
IN
EX
“D” margin thickness
IN
EX
Stem outside diameter
IN
EX
Guide inside diameter
IN
EX
Seat Width
29.9 ~ 30.1 mm
(1.1772 ~ 1.1850 in)
31.9 ~ 32.1 mm
(1.2559 ~ 1.2638 in)
2.25 mm (0.0900 in)
2.26 mm (0.0890 in)
0.9 ~ 1.1 mm
(0.0354 ~ 0.0433 in)
0.9 ~ 1.1 mm
(0.0354 ~ 0.0433 in)
0.85 ~ 1.15 mm
(0.0335 ~ 0.0453 in)
0.85 ~ 1.15 mm
(0.0335 ~ 0.0453 in)
5.975 ~ 5.990 mm
(0.2352 ~ 0.2358 in)
5.960 ~ 5.975 mm
(0.2346 ~ 0.2352 in)
6.000 ~ 6.012 mm
(0.2362 ~ 0.2367 in)
6.000 ~ 6.012 mm
(0.2362 ~ 0.2367 in)
2-5
Margin Thickness
------------1.6 mm
(0.0630 in)
1.6 mm
(0.0630 in)
------5.945 mm
(0.2341 in)
5.930 mm
(0.2335 in)
6.050 mm
(0.2559 in)
6.050 mm
(0.2559 in)
ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Stem-to-guide clearance
Standard
IN
EX
Stem runout limit
Valve seat width
IN
EX
Valve spring
Inner spring
Free length
32.63 mm (1.28 in)
EX
36.46 mm (1.44 in)
27.5 mm (1.08 in)
31.0 mm (1.22 in)
IN
100.0 ~ 115.7 N
(10.20 ~ 11.80 kg, 22.49 ~ 26.01 lb)
120.6 ~ 138.3 N
(12.30 ~ 14.10 kg, 27.12 ~ 31.09 lb)
----
EX
----
IN
EX
Clockwise
Clockwise
EX
Direction of winding
(top view)
0.9 ~ 1.1 mm
(0.0354 ~ 0.0433 in)
0.9 ~ 1.1 mm
(0.0354 ~ 0.0433 in)
IN
Set length (valve closed) IN
EX
Compressed pressure
(installed)
IN
Tilt limit
0.010 ~ 0.037 mm
(0.0004 ~ 0.0015 in)
0.025 ~ 0.052 mm
(0.0010 ~ 0.0020 in)
----
2-6
SPEC
Limit
0.08 mm
(0.0031 in)
0.10 mm
(0.0039 in)
0.01 mm
(0.0004 in)
-------
31.0 mm
(1.22 in)
34.6 mm
(1.36 in)
------------2.5°/1.4 mm
(2.5°/0.055 in)
2.5°/1.6 mm
(2.5°/0.063 in)
-------
ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Standard
Piston
Piston to cylinder clearance
Piston size “D”
SPEC
Limit
0.050 ~ 0.070 mm
(0.0020 ~ 0.0028 in)
99.945 ~ 99.995 mm
(3.9348 ~ 3.9368 in)
0.15 mm
(0.0059 in)
----
2.5 mm (0.10 in)
1.0 mm (0.0394 in)
Intake side
22.004 ~ 22.015 mm
(0.8663 ~ 0.8667 in)
21.991 ~ 22.000 mm
(0.8658 ~ 0.8661 in)
---------22.045 mm
(0.8679 in)
21.971 mm
(0.8650 in)
H
D
Measuring point “H”
Piston off-set
Off-set direction
Piston pin bore inside diameter
Piston pin outside diameter
Piston rings
Top ring
B
T
Type
Dimensions (B × T)
Barrel
1.2 × 3.8 mm
(0.0472 × 0.1496 in)
0.30 ~ 0.45 mm
(0.0118 ~ 0.0177 in)
0.04 ~ 0.08 mm
(0.0016 ~ 0.0031 in)
End gap (installed)
Side clearance (installed)
------0.70 mm
(0.0276 in)
0.13 mm
(0.0051 in)
2nd ring
B
T
Type
Dimensions (B × T)
End gap (installed)
Side clearance
Taper
1.2 × 4.0 mm
(0.0472 × 0.1575 in)
0.30 ~ 0.45 mm
(0.0118 ~ 0.0177 in)
0.03 ~ 0.07 mm
(0.0012 ~ 0.0028 in)
2-7
------0.80 mm
(0.0315 in)
0.13 mm
(0.0051 in)
ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Standard
SPEC
Limit
Oil ring
B
T
Dimensions (B × T)
End gap (installed)
Side clearance
2.5 × 3.4 mm
(0.0984 × 0.1339 in)
0.20 ~ 0.70 mm
(0.0079 ~ 0.0276 in)
0.06 ~ 0.15 mm
(0.0024 ~ 0.0059 in)
----
74.95 ~ 75.00 mm
(2.9508 ~ 2.9528 in)
----
----
-------
Crankshaft
E
C2
C1
D
A
Crank width “A”
Runout limit C1
C2
Big end side clearance “D”
Big end radial clearance “E”
Balancer
Balancer drive method
Automatic centrifugal clutch
Clutch shoe thickness
Clutch-in revolution
Clutch-stall revolution
---0.35 ~ 0.65 mm
(0.0138 ~ 0.0256 in)
0.010 ~ 0.025 mm
(0.0004 ~ 0.0010 in)
Gear
1.5 mm (0.06 in)
1,900 ~ 2,300 r/min
3,350 ~ 3,850 r/min
2-8
0.03 mm
(0.0012 in)
0.03 mm
(0.0012 in)
1.0 mm
(0.0394 in)
----
---1.0 mm
(0.04 in)
-------
ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Standard
Transmission
Main axle deflection limit
----
Drive axle deflection limit
----
Shifter
Shifter type
Air filter oil grade
Carburetor
I. D. mark
Main jet
Main air jet
Jet needle
Needle jet
Pilot air jet
Pilot air jet
Pilot outlet
Pilot jet
Bypass 1
Bypass 2
Bypass 3
Valve seat size
Starter jet
Starter jet
Throttle valve size
Float height
Fuel level
Engine idle speed
Intake vacuum
(M.J)
(M.A.J)
(J.N)
(N.J)
(P.A.J.1)
(P.A.J.2)
(P.O)
(P.J)
(B.P.1)
(B.P.2)
(B.P.3)
(V.S)
(G.S.1)
(G.S.2)
(Th.V)
(F.H)
(F.L)
Oil pump
Oil filter type
Oil pump type
Tip clearance
Side clearance
Body clearance
Bypass valve setting pressure
Oil pressure (hot)
Pressure check location
SPEC
Limit
0.06 mm
(0.0024 in)
0.06 mm
(0.0024 in)
Shift drum and guide bar
Engine oil
-------
5UG1 00
#150
#70
6JPH9-53-2
O-0M
#60
1.5
1.1
#40
0.8
0.8
0.8
2.3
#55
0.8
#105
13 mm (0.51 in)
4.0 ~ 5.0 mm (0.16 ~ 0.20 in)
1,450 ~ 1,550 r/min
28.0 ~ 30.7 kPa
(210 ~ 230 mmHg, 8.27 ~ 9.06 inHg)
-------------------------------------------------------------
Foam
Trochoid
0.15 mm (0.0059 in)
0.03 ~ 0.10 mm
(0.0012 ~ 0.0039 in)
0.09 ~ 0.17 mm
(0.0035 ~ 0.0067 in)
441.0 ~ 637.0 kPa
(4.41 ~ 6.37 kg/cm2, 62.7 ~ 90.6 psi)
65 kPa (0.65 kg/cm2, 9.2 psi)
at 1,500 r/min
Cylinder head
2-9
------0.23 mm
(0.0091 in)
0.17 mm
(0.0067 in)
0.24 mm
(0.0094 in)
----------
ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Cooling system
Radiator core
Width
Height
Thickness
Radiator cap opening pressure
Radiator capacity
(including all routes)
Coolant reservoir
Capacity
From low to full level
Water pump
Type
Reduction ratio
Shaft drive
Middle gear backlash
Final gear backlash
Differential gear backlash
SPEC
Standard
Limit
380 mm (14.96 in)
238 mm (9.37 in)
24 mm (0.94 in)
107.9 ~ 137.3 kPa
(1.079 ~ 1.373 kg/cm2, 15.35 ~ 19.53 psi)
2.5 L (2.20 Imp qt, 2.64 US qt)
----------------
0.35 L (0.31 Imp qt, 0.37 US qt)
0.20 L (0.15 Imp qt, 0.21 US qt)
-------
Single-suction centrifugal pump
32/31 (1.032)
----
0.1 ~ 0.3 mm (0.004 ~ 0.012 in)
0.1 ~ 0.3 mm (0.004 ~ 0.012 in)
0.05 ~ 0.25 mm
(0.002 ~ 0.010 in)
----------
Lubrication chart
Delivery pipe 3
Delivery pipe 2
Delivery pipe 1
Cylinder head
and related parts
Oil filter
Oil cooler
Crankshaft and
related parts
Drive axle
Relief
valve
Oil pump
Oil pan
2 - 10
Oil strainer
Relief
valve
ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS
Cylinder head tightening sequence
2 - 11
SPEC
CHASSIS SPECIFICATIONS
SPEC
CHASSIS SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Steering system
Type
Front suspension
Shock absorber travel
Spring free length
Spring fitting length
Spring rate
Stroke
Optional spring
Rear suspension
Shock absorber travel
Spring free length
Spring fitting length
Spring rate
Stroke
Optional spring
Front wheel
Type
Rim size
Rim material
Rim runout limit
Rear wheel
Type
Rim size
Rim material
Rim runout limit
Standard
(K1)
(K1)
(K1)
(K2)
(K1)
(K2)
Limit
Rack and pinion
----
108 mm (4.25 in)
313 mm (12.32 in)
247.9 mm (9.76 in)
19.4 N/mm
(1.94 kg/mm, 108.6 lb/in)
0 ~ 108 mm (0 ~ 4.25 in)
No
-------------
81 mm (3.19 in)
328 mm (12.91 in)
273.2 mm (10.76 in)
44.1 N/mm (4.41 kg/mm, 246.95 lb/in)
117.7 N/mm (11.77 kg/mm, 659.08 lb/in)
0 ~ 60 mm (0 ~ 2.36 in)
60 ~ 81 mm (2.36 ~ 3.15 in)
No
-------------------------
radial
Panel wheel
12 × 6.0 AT
Steel
----
lateral
----
radial
Panel wheel
12 × 7.5 AT
Steel
----
lateral
----
2 - 12
-------
---------2.0 mm
(0.08 in)
2.0 mm
(0.08 in)
---------2.0 mm
(0.08 in)
2.0 mm
(0.08 in)
CHASSIS SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Standard
Front disc brake
Type
Disc outside diameter × thickness
Pad thickness
inner
Pad thickness
outer
Master cylinder inside diameter
Caliper cylinder inside diameter
Brake fluid type
Rear disc brake
Type
Disc outside diameter × thickness
Pad thickness
inner
Pad thickness
outer
Master cylinder inside diameter
Caliper cylinder inside diameter
Brake fluid type
Brake lever and brake pedal
Accelerator pedal free play
Brake pedal free play
Parking brake cable free play
Dual
200 × 3.5 mm (7.87 × 0.14 in)
5.2 mm (0.20 in)
5.2 mm (0.20 in)
17.4 mm (0.69 in)
27.0 mm (1.06 in)
DOT 4
Single
165.0 × 5.0 mm (6.50 × 0.20 in)
5.6 mm (0.22 in)
5.6 mm (0.22 in)
17.4 mm (0.69 in)
32.0 mm (1.26 in)
DOT 4
0 mm (0.0 in)
0 mm (0.0 in)
2 ~ 3 mm (0.079 ~ 0.118 in)
2 - 13
SPEC
Limit
------1.5 mm
(0.06 in)
1.5 mm
(0.06 in)
---------------1.5 mm
(0.06 in)
1.5 mm
(0.06 in)
-------------------
ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS
SPEC
ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Voltage
Ignition system
Ignition timing (BTDC)
Advancer type
C.D.I.
Magneto model/manufacturer
Pickup coil resistance/color
Rotor rotation direction sensing coil
resistance/color
C.D.I. unit model/manufacturer
Ignition coil
Model/manufacturer
Minimum spark gap
Primary winding resistance
Secondary winding resistance
Spark plug cap
Type
Resistance
Charging system
Type
Model/manufacturer
Nominal output
Charging coil resistance/color
Rectifier/regulator
Regulator type
Model/manufacturer
No load regulated voltage (DC)
Capacity
Withstand voltage
Battery
Specific gravity
Standard
Limit
12 V
----
12°/ 1,500 r/min
Digital type
-------
F4T46972/MITSUBISHI
459 ~ 561 Ω at 20 °C (68 °F)/
White/Red – White/Green
0.063 ~ 0.077 Ω at 20 °C (68 °F)/
Red – White/Blue
F8T38681/MITSUBISHI
-------
----
2JN/YAMAHA
6 mm (0.24 in)
0.18 ~ 0.28 Ω at 20 °C (68 °F)
6.32 ~ 9.48 kΩ at 20 °C (68 °F)
-------------
Resin type
10 kΩ
-------
A.C. magneto generator
F4T46972/MITSUBISHI
14 V 23 A at 5,000 r/min
0.32 ~ 0.43 Ω at 20 °C (68 °F)/
White – White
-------------
Semi conductor-short circuit
SH650D-11/SHINDENGEN
14.1 ~ 14.9 V
18 A
200 V
----------------
1.32
----
2 - 14
----
ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Electric starter system
Type
Starter motor
Model/manufacturer
Output
Armature coil resistance
Brush overall length
Spring force
Commutator diameter
Mica undercut
Starter relay
Model/manufacturer
Amperage rating
Coil winding resistance
Radiator fan
Running rpm
Thermo switch
Thermo switch 1
Model/manufacturer
Thermo switch 2
Model/manufacturer
Thermo switch 3
Model/manufacturer
Circuit breaker
Type
Amperage for individual circuit
Main fuse
Lighting system fuse
Ignition fuse
Auxiliary DC jack fuse
Four-wheel drive fuse
Signaling system fuse
Carburetor heater fuse
Backup fuse (odometer)
Reserve
Reserve
Reserve
Reserve
Standard
Constant mesh type
SM-13/MITSUBA
0.8 kW
0.025 ~ 0.035 Ω at 20 °C (68 °F)
12.5 mm (0.49 in)
7.65 ~ 10.01 N
(780 ~ 1,021 g, 27.5 ~ 36.0 oz)
28 mm (1.10 in)
0.7 mm (0.03 in)
SPEC
Limit
------------5 mm
(0.20 in)
---27 mm
(1.06 in)
----
MS5F-561/JIDECO
180 A
4.18 ~ 4.62 Ω at 20 °C (68 °F)
----------
2,950 r/min
----
4BA/DENSO
----
5FU/NIPPON THERMOSTAT
----
5GM/NIPPON THERMOSTAT
----
Fuse
----
30 A × 1
15 A × 1
10 A × 1
10 A × 1
3A×1
10 A × 1
10 A × 1
10 A × 1
30 A × 1
15 A × 1
10 A × 1
3A×1
-------------------------------------
2 - 15
TIGHTENING TORQUES
SPEC
EBS01005
TIGHTENING TORQUES
ENGINE TIGHTENING TORQUES
Part to be tightened
Cylinder head
Spark plug
Cylinder head (exhaust pipe)
Cylinder head cover
Tappet cover (exhaust)
Tappet cover (intake)
Oil gallery bolt
Camshaft end cap
Cylinder
Part name
Bolt
Bolt
—
Stud bolt
Bolt
—
Bolt
—
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Nut
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
—
—
—
—
Bolt
Union bolt
Union bolt
Union bolt
Balancer driven gear
Timing chain tensioner
Timing chain tensioner cap
Timing chain guide (intake side)
Camshaft sprocket
Rocker arm shaft stopper
Valve adjusting locknut
Engine oil drain bolt
Oil filter cartridge union bolt
Oil filter cartridge
Oil pipe assembly
Oil delivery pipe 1
Oil delivery pipe 2
Oil delivery pipe 3
Oil delivery pipe 2 and oil delivery
Union bolt
pipe 3
Relief valve assembly plate
Bolt
Oil strainer
Bolt
Oil pump assembly
Bolt
Oil cooler inlet pipe 1/oil cooler outlet
Bolt
pipe 1
Oil cooler inlet pipe 1/oil cooler outlet
Bolt
pipe 1 clamp
Oil cooler inlet pipe 2/oil cooler outlet
Bolt
pipe 2 clamp
Intake manifold
Bolt
Carburetor joint (intake manifold)
—
screw clamp
Intake manifold screw clamp
—
Thread
Q’ty
size
Tightening torque
Nm m · kg ft · lb
M6
M9
M12
M8
M6
M32
M6
M6
M6
M6
M10
M18
M6
M6
M6
M7
M6
M6
M14
M20
M20
M6
M8
M14
M10
1
6
1
4
17
2
4
1
1
2
4
1
2
1
2
2
2
5
1
1
1
4
2
1
1
10
38
18
15
10
12
10
7
10
10
42
110
10
7
8
20
10
14
30
63
17
7
18
35
20
1.0
3.8
1.8
1.5
1.0
1.2
1.0
0.7
1.0
1.0
4.2
11.0
1.0
0.7
0.8
2.0
1.0
1.4
3.0
6.3
1.7
0.7
1.8
3.5
2.0
7.2
27
13
11
7.2
8.7
7.2
5.1
7.2
7.2
30
80
7.2
5.1
5.8
14
7.2
10
22
46
12
5.1
13
25
14
M14
1
35
3.5
25
M6
M6
M6
2
1
3
10
10
10
1.0
1.0
1.0
7.2
7.2
7.2
M6
2
7
0.7
5.1
M6
1
7
0.7
5.1
M6
2
7
0.7
5.1
M6
4
10
1.0
7.2
M5
1
3
0.3
2.1
M5
1
3
0.3
2.1
2 - 16
Remarks
M
E
TIGHTENING TORQUES
Part to be tightened
Crankcase
Bearing housing (clutch housing
assembly)
Air duct assembly 1 bracket
Oil seal (engine cooling fan pulley)
retainer
Drive belt case
Drive belt cover
Engine cooling fan
Air shroud 1 and air shroud 2
Air shroud 2 and A.C. magneto cover
Engine cooling fan pulley
Engine cooling fan air duct assembly
Stator assembly
Pickup coil
Stator lead holder
A.C. magneto cover
Starter clutch
Clutch carrier assembly
Clutch housing assembly
Bearing retainer (middle drive shaft)
Middle drive pinion gear
Middle drive shaft bearing housing
Middle driven pinion gear bearing
retainer
Universal joint yoke and middle
driven pinion gear
Middle driven pinion gear bearing
housing
Drive shaft coupling and middle
driven shaft
Part name
Bolt
Bolt
Thread
Q’ty
size
M8
M6
3
14
SPEC
Tightening torque
Nm m · kg ft · lb
26
10
2.6
1.0
19
7.2
Bolt
M6
1
10
1.0
7.2
Bolt
M6
4
10
1.0
7.2
Bolt
M6
2
14
1.4
10
Bolt
M5
2
7
0.7
5.1
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Screw
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
M6
M6
M6
M6
M6
M10
M6
M6
M5
M6
M6
9
14
2
4
4
1
1
3
2
2
12
10
10
7
10
10
55
7
7
7
10
10
1.0
1.0
0.7
1.0
1.0
5.5
0.7
0.7
0.7
1.0
1.0
7.2
7.2
5.1
7.2
7.2
40
5.1
5.1
5.1
7.2
7.2
Bolt
Nut
Bolt
Screw
Nut
Bolt
M8
M22
M6
M8
M22
M8
Remarks
Sealant (Quick
Gasket®)
Yamaha bond
No.1215
LT
LT
LT
Sealant (Quick
Gasket®)
Yamaha bond
No.1215
1
10
1.0
7.2
3
1
9
4
1
4
30
160
10
29
145
32
3.0
16.0
1.0
2.9
14.5
3.2
22
115 Stake
7.2
21
105 Stake
23
LT
LT
Nut
M60
1
110
11.0
80
Nut
M16
1
150
15.0
110
Bolt
M8
4
25
2.5
18
Nut
M14
1
97
9.7
70
Left-hand
threads
LT
LT
Middle driven shaft bearing retainer
Nut
M55
2 - 17
1
80
8.0
58
Left-hand
threads
TIGHTENING TORQUES
Part to be tightened
Primary sheave assembly
Primary pulley sheave cap
Secondary sheave assembly
Secondary sheave spring retainer
Shift lever cover
Shift lever 2 assembly
Shift drum stopper
Shift arm
Shift rod locknut (select lever unit
side)
Shift rod locknut (shift arm side)
Select lever unit
Plug (right crankcase)
Water pump assembly
Water pump housing cover
Coolant drain bolt
Coolant inlet joint
Coolant outlet joint
Air bleed bolt (coolant outlet joint)
Coolant reservoir
Radiator bracket and frame
Fuel pump
Fuel tank
Muffler stay
Muffler and exhaust pipe
Muffler bracket and muffler
Muffler bracket and frame
Muffler damper and muffler
Muffler damper and frame
Exhaust pipe
Air duct assembly 1
Air duct assembly 2 and left protector
Air duct assembly 2 and frame
Gear position switch
Thermo switch 1 (cylinder head)
Thermo switch 3 (radiator)
Reverse switch
Engine ground lead
Starter motor and engine
Speed sensor
Part name
Thread
Q’ty
size
SPEC
Tightening torque
Nm m · kg ft · lb
Nut
Screw
Nut
Nut
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
M16
M4
M16
M36
M6
M6
M14
M6
1
8
1
1
4
1
1
1
120
3
100
90
10
14
18
14
12.0
0.3
10.0
9.0
1.0
1.4
1.8
1.4
85
2.2
72
65
7.2
10
13
10
—
M8
1
15
1.5
11
—
M8
1
15
1.5
11
Bolt
—
Bolt
Bolt
—
Bolt
Bolt
—
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Nut
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
—
—
—
Bolt
Bolt
Bolt
M8
M14
M6
M6
M6
M6
M6
M6
M6
M6
M6
M8
M6
M8
M8
M8
M6
M6
M8
M6
M6
M6
M5
1/8
M18
M10
M6
M6
M6
3
1
2
2
1
2
2
1
2
4
2
2
2
1
1
2
1
1
4
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
2
1
15
18
10
12
10
10
10
9
7
7
7
30
11
20
20
20
10
10
14
7
7
7
7
8
28
20
10
10
10
1.5
1.8
1.0
1.2
1.0
1.0
1.0
0.9
0.7
0.7
0.7
3.0
1.1
2.0
2.0
2.0
1.0
1.0
1.4
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.8
2.8
2.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
11
13
7.2
8.7
7.2
7.2
7.2
6.5
5.1
5.1
5.1
22
8.0
14
14
14
7.2
7.2
10
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.8
20
14
7.2
7.2
7.2
2 - 18
Remarks
Left-hand
threads
TIGHTENING TORQUES
SPEC
EBS01006
CHASSIS TIGHTENING TORQUES
Part to be tightened
Thread size
Rubber damper and frame
Engine and rubber damper (front)
Tightening torque
Nm m · kg ft · lb
Remarks
M10
M10
M6
M8
M6
M10
M10
M10
M10
M10
M10
M8
M10
M10
M10
M14
M10
M14
M8
52
52
10
33
10
45
45
45
45
45
45
32
56
56
55
23
10
62
13
5.2
5.2
1.0
3.3
1.0
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
3.2
5.6
5.6
5.5
2.3
1.0
6.2
1.3
37
37
7.2
24
7.2
32
32
32
32
32
32
23
40
40
40
17
7.2
45
9.4
M8
25
2.5
18
M10
M20
M10
70
23
20
7.0
2.3
2.0
51
17
14
M8
23
2.3
17
M10
M8
40
16
4.0
1.6
29
11
Bearing retainer and final gear pinion gear bearing housing
M65
170
17.0
Coupling gear and final drive pinion gear
Front upper arm and frame
Front lower arm and frame
Front shock absorber and frame
Front shock absorber and front upper arm
Steering shaft assembly and steering joint
Steering assembly and steering joint
Steering assembly and frame
Steering shaft assembly and frame
Steering wheel and steering shaft assembly
Steering knuckle and front upper arm
M12
M10
M10
M10
M10
M8
M8
M10
M8
M12
M12
80
45
45
45
45
22
22
48
21
35
30
8.0
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
2.2
2.2
4.8
2.1
3.5
3.0
125 Left-hand
threads
58
32
32
32
32
16
16
35
15
25
22
Engine bracket and rubber damper (rear)
Rear upper arm and frame
Rear lower arm and frame
Rear knuckle and rear upper arm
Rear knuckle and rear lower arm
Rear shock absorber and frame
Rear shock absorber and rear lower arm
Stabilizer and frame
Stabilizer joint and stabilizer
Stabilizer joint and rear lower arm
Differential gear case and frame
Differential gear case filler plug
Differential gear case drain plug
Universal joint yoke and drive pinion gear
Gear motor and differential gear case cover
Differential gear case cover and differential gear
case
Final drive gear case and frame
Final drive gear case filler plug
Final drive gear case drain plug
Ring gear bearing housing and final drive gear
case
Ring gear stopper nut
2 - 19
LT
LT
TIGHTENING TORQUES
Part to be tightened
Thread size
Steering knuckle and front lower arm
Tie-rod locknut
Steering knuckle and tie-rod
Front arm protector and front lower arm
Seat belt and frame
Seat belt and side frame (enclosure)
Front wheel and front wheel hub
Front wheel hub and constant velocity joint
Steering knuckle and brake disc guard
Front brake caliper and front wheel hub
Front brake hose union bolt
Front brake hose holder and steering knuckle
Front brake hose holder and front upper arm
Front brake hose and frame
Front brake hose holder and frame
Front brake pad holding bolt
Front brake disc and front wheel hub
Front brake caliper bleed screw
Rear wheel and rear wheel hub
Rear wheel hub and constant velocity joint
Rear brake hose and frame
Brake pipe and brake master cylinder
Brake pipe and rear brake hose
Pedal assembly and frame
Brake master cylinder and pedal assembly
Secondary brake master cylinder kit stopper bolt
Brake rod locknut
Rear brake disc and brake disc boss
Rear brake pad holding bolt
Rear brake caliper and final drive pinion gear
bearing housing
Rear brake hose union bolt
Parking brake case and rear brake caliper
Parking brake lever assembly and frame
Rear brake caliper bleed screw
Cargo bed latch and frame
Cargo bed release lever
Damper and cargo bed assembly
Hinge cover and cargo bed assembly
Cargo bed panel and cargo bed assembly
Mud guard and cargo bed assembly
Front bumper protector and front bumper
2 - 20
SPEC
Tightening torque
Nm m · kg ft · lb
Remarks
M12
M12
M12
M6
M10
7/16
M10
M20
M6
M10
M10
M6
M6
M6
M6
M8
M8
M6
M10
M20
M6
M10
M10
M8
M8
M6
M8
M6
M8
30
40
39
7
59
59
55
260
7
48
27
7
7
7
7
18
30
6
55
260
7
19
19
16
16
9
17
10
17
3.0
4.0
3.9
0.7
5.9
5.9
5.5
26.0
0.7
4.8
2.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
1.8
3.0
0.6
5.5
26.0
0.7
1.9
1.9
1.6
1.6
0.9
1.7
1.0
1.7
22
29
28
5.1
43
43
40
190 Stake
5.1
35
19
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
13
22
4.3
40
190 Stake
5.1
13
13
11
11
6.5
12
7.2
12
M10
40
4.0
29
M10
M8
M6
M6
M10
M6
M8
M8
—
M6
M6
M6
27
22
7
5
64
11
26
16
7
7
7
7
2.7
2.2
0.7
0.5
6.4
1.1
2.6
1.6
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
19
16
5.1
3.6
46
8.0
19
11
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
LT
TIGHTENING TORQUES
Part to be tightened
Thread size
Front bumper and frame
Hood stopper and frame
Upper instrument panel and frame
Side frame (enclosure) and frame
Support frame (enclosure) and frame
Left support frame (enclosure) and right support
frame (enclosure)
Support frame (enclosure) and side frame (enclosure)
Top frame (enclosure) and side frame (enclosure)
Seat support and frame
Select lever bracket and seat support
Skid plate and frame
2 - 21
SPEC
Tightening torque
Nm m · kg ft · lb
M10
M12
M8
M6
M10
M10
32
59
16
7
64
64
3.2
5.9
1.6
0.7
6.4
6.4
23
43
11
5.1
46
46
M10
64
6.4
46
M10
64
6.4
46
M10
M8
M10
M6
64
16
32
7
6.4
1.6
3.2
0.7
46
11
23
5.1
Remarks
HOW TO USE THE CONVERSION TABLE/
GENERAL TIGHTENING TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS
SPEC
EBS00022
EBS00023
HOW TO USE THE CONVERSION
TABLE
GENERAL TIGHTENING TORQUE
SPECIFICATIONS
All specification data in this manual are listed
in SI and METRIC UNITS.
Use this table to convert METRIC unit data to
IMPERIAL unit data.
This chart specifies tightening torques for standard fasteners with a standard ISO thread
pitch. Tightening torque specifications for special components or assemblies are provided
for each chapter of this manual. To avoid
warpage, tighten multi-fastener assemblies in
a crisscross pattern and progressive stages
until the specified tightening torque is reached.
Unless otherwise specified, tightening torque
specifications require clean, dry threads. Components should be at room temperature.
Ex.
METRIC
MULTIPLIER
IMPERIAL
** mm
×
0.03937
=
** in
2 mm
×
0.03937
=
0.08 in
CONVERSION TABLE
METRIC TO IMPERIAL
Metric unit
Multiplier
Imperial unit
m · kg
m · kg
cm · kg
cm · kg
7.233
86.794
0.0723
0.8679
ft · lb
in · lb
ft · lb
in · lb
Weight
kg
g
2.205
0.03527
lb
oz
Speed
km/hr
0.6214
mph
Distance
km
m
m
cm
mm
0.6214
3.281
1.094
0.3937
0.03937
mi
ft
yd
in
in
Volume/
Capacity
cc (cm3)
cc (cm3)
lt (liter)
lt (liter)
0.03527
0.06102
0.8799
0.2199
oz (IMP liq.)
cu · in
qt (IMP liq.)
gal (IMP liq.)
Misc.
kg/mm
kg/cm2
Centigrade
(°C)
55.997
14.2234
9/5+32
lb/in
psi (lb/in2)
Fahrenheit
(°F)
Torque
A: Distance between flats
B: Outside thread diameter
A
(nut)
2 - 22
B
(bolt)
General tightening
torques
Nm
m · kg
ft · lb
10 mm
6 mm
6
0.6
4.3
12 mm
8 mm
15
1.5
11
14 mm
10 mm
30
3.0
22
17 mm
12 mm
55
5.5
40
19 mm
14 mm
85
8.5
61
22 mm
16 mm
130
13.0
94
LUBRICATION POINTS AND LUBRICANT TYPES
SPEC
EBS00024
LUBRICATION POINTS AND LUBRICANT TYPES
ENGINE
Lubrication points
Oil seal lips
Lubricant
LS
Bearings
E
O-rings
LS
Piston, piston ring
E
Piston pin
E
Buffer boss and balancer drive gear
E
Crankshaft seal and spacer
E
Valve stem
M
Valve stem end
M
Rocker arm shaft
E
Rocker arm
M
Camshaft lobe and journal
M
Oil pump assembly
E
Oil filter cartridge O-ring
LS
Starter idle gear shaft
M
Starter wheel gear
E
Clutch housing assembly shaft end
LS
Clutch carrier assembly
E
One-way clutch bearing
M
Middle driven shaft splines
M
Drive axle, driven sprocket, high wheel gear, and low wheel gear
M
Middle drive gear and clutch dog shift fork groove
M
Driven chain/sprocket
E
Shift drum
E
Shift fork guide bar
E
Shift drum stopper ball
E
Shift lever 2 assembly
LS
Shift lever 1
E
Shift lever 1 and shift lever 2 assembly mating surface
E
Crankcase mating surface
Sealant
(Quick Gasket®)
Yamaha Bond
No.1215
A.C. magneto lead grommet
Sealant
(Quick Gasket®)
Yamaha Bond
No.1215
2 - 23
COOLANT FLOW DIAGRAMS
SPEC
COOLANT FLOW DIAGRAMS
1 Radiator
2 Thermo switch 3
3 Radiator outlet hose
4 Radiator inlet hose
5 Radiator outlet pipe
6 Radiator inlet pipe
6
5
A-A
1
2
4
3
A
A
2 - 24
COOLANT FLOW DIAGRAMS
SPEC
1 Coolant breather hose
2 Coolant breather pipe
3 Radiator outlet pipe
4 Water pump inlet hose
5 Water pump outlet pipe
6 Water pump outlet hose
7 Coolant outlet hose
8 Radiator inlet pipe
8
3
A-A
7
1
A
6
5
4
3
2
2 - 25
A
COOLANT FLOW DIAGRAMS
SPEC
1 Coolant outlet hose
2 Radiator inlet pipe
1
2
2 - 26
OIL FLOW DIAGRAMS
OIL FLOW DIAGRAMS
1 Camshaft
2 Oil delivery pipe 2
3 Oil delivery pipe 3
4 Crankshaft
1
2
3
4
2 - 27
SPEC
OIL FLOW DIAGRAMS
SPEC
1 Oil delivery pipe 1
2 Oil delivery pipe 2
3 Oil delivery pipe 3
4 Oil pump
5 Oil strainer
2
1
3
5
4
2 - 28
OIL FLOW DIAGRAMS
SPEC
1 Oil filter cartridge
2 Oil pipe adapter
3 Oil delivery pipe 2
4 Oil delivery pipe 1
5 Drive axle
6 Relief valve
7 Oil pump
8 Oil strainer
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
2 - 29
SPEC
OIL FLOW DIAGRAMS
1 Oil outlet pipe
2 Oil inlet pipe
3 Oil outlet hose
4 Oil inlet hose
5 Oil cooler inlet pipe 2
6 Oil cooler outlet pipe 2
5
6
A-A
1
2
4
3
A
A
2 - 30
SPEC
OIL FLOW DIAGRAMS
1 Oil cooler
2 Oil cooler inlet pipe 2
3 Oil cooler outlet pipe 2
4 Oil cooler inlet hose
5 Oil cooler outlet hose
6 Oil cooler inlet pipe 1
7 Oil cooler outlet pipe 1
2
3
6
A-A
C
2
7
4
1
3
B
5
B
A
C
A
2 - 31
SPEC
CABLE ROUTING
CABLE ROUTING
1 Left headlight lead
2 Wire harness
3 Throttle cable
4 Brake light switch lead
5 Radiator fan motor breather hose
6 Starter cable
7 Starter (choke) knob
8 Light switch
9 Coolant reservoir breather hose
0 Parking brake switch lead
A Parking brake cable
B Crankcase breather hose
C Gear position switch
D Reverse switch lead
E Front brake hoses
F Differential gear case breather hose
G Reverse switch terminal
H Gear position switch lead
G
3
9
5
F
A
H
Ñ Ñ
B
Ë 6
D
C
7
4
3
1
Ê
5
A
8
2
0
A
Ì B
9Ë
È
É
C
Ð
Ï
B
E Î
Í
2 - 32
D
C
SPEC
CABLE ROUTING
Í Fasten the throttle cable to the air duct assembly
1 with the plastic band.
Î Fasten the radiator inlet hose and throttle cable
with the plastic bands.
Ï 20 mm (0.79 in) or less
Ð 5 mm (0.20 in) or less
Ñ 15°
È 30 ~ 60 mm (1.18 ~ 2.36 in)
É 160 ~ 190 mm (6.30 ~ 7.48 in)
Ê Fasten the wire harness to the frame with the
plastic bands.
Ë Pull the excess of the hoses through the guide in
the upper instrument panel so that there is no
slack in the hoses.
Ì Fasten the throttle cable, parking brake switch
lead, and parking brake cable to the air duct
assembly 1 with the plastic band.
G
3
9
5
F
A
H
Ñ Ñ
B
Ë 6
D
C
7
4
3
1
Ê
5
A
8
2
0
A
Ì B
9Ë
È
É
C
Ð
Ï
B
E Î
Í
2 - 33
D
C
SPEC
CABLE ROUTING
1 Float chamber breather hose
2 Throttle cable
3 Parking brake cable
4 Thermo switch 1
5 Vacuum hose
6 Spark plug cap
7 Wire harness
8 Tail/brake light lead
9 Starter motor lead
0 Carburetor heater leads
A Carburetor heater
È Fasten the parking brake switch lead and parking brake cable to the air duct assembly 1 with
the plastic band.
É 55 ~ 65 mm (2.17 ~ 2.56 in)
Ê Fasten the wire harness to the frame with the
plastic bands.
Ë Pass the tail/brake light lead through the grommet.
Ì Pass the wire harness through the loop in the
guide.
Ò
Ï
Ó
8
Ð
Ò
9
A
0
Ñ
B
A
Ñ
Ñ
7
7
E
C-C
È
1
2
D-D
3 4
5 6
8
7
A
B
Ê
D
D
Î
Í
C
C
C
C
Ì
2 - 34
É
E
Ë
SPEC
CABLE ROUTING
Ò Fasten the tail/brake light lead with the plastic
holders.
Ó Push the excess tail/brake light lead into the rear
fender so that there is no slack in the lead.
Í Fasten the parking brake cable to the air duct
assembly 2 with the plastic band.
Î Fasten the parking brake cable and float chamber breather hose with the plastic clip.
Ï 20 ~ 40°
Ð Fasten the starter motor lead, reverse switch
lead, gear position switch lead, thermo switch 1
lead, carburetor heater lead, and parking brake
switch lead with the plastic band.
Ñ Fasten the wire harness with the plastic holders.
Ò
Ï
Ó
8
Ð
Ò
9
A
0
Ñ
B
A
Ñ
Ñ
7
7
E
C-C
È
1
2
D-D
3 4
5 6
8
7
A
B
Ê
D
D
Î
Í
C
C
C
C
Ì
2 - 35
É
E
Ë
SPEC
CABLE ROUTING
1 Main switch
2 Starter (choke) knob
3 Starter (choke) cable
4 Rectifier/regulator
5 Wire harness
6 Coolant reservoir breather
hose
7 Right headlight lead
8 Radiator fan motor breather
hose
9 Radiator fan motor coupler
0 Differential gear case breather
hose
A Thermo switch 3
B Gear motor couplers
C Coolant reservoir hose
D Speed sensor coupler
E A.C. magneto couplers
F Parking brake switch lead
G Parking brake cable
H Throttle cable
I Radiator inlet pipe
J Rear brake pipe
K Radiator outlet pipe
L Gear motor lead
M Brake light switch lead
N Indicator light assembly leads
O Auxiliary DC jack lead
Ù
N
4
M
Ó
H
3
Ø
Ô
L
I
Õ
J
É
C
K
Ö
×
3
O
×
B
L
5
A
3
D-D
4
2
5
1
É
6
È
F
7
Ê
Ê
G
C
Ð
Ì
Ï
Ë
8
Î
D
9
D
B
A
Ñ
E
Ò
D
C
2 - 36
ÍB
A
0
SPEC
CABLE ROUTING
Í Fasten the radiator outlet hose
and coolant reservoir hose with
the plastic clip.
Î 12 ~ 22 mm (0.47 ~ 0.87 in)
Ï Fasten the wire harness,
starter motor lead, ground lead,
and starter (choke) cable to the
frame with the plastic band.
È 70 ~ 80 mm (2.76 ~ 3.15 in)
É Fasten the wire harness with
the plastic bands.
Ê Fasten the wire harness to the
frame with the plastic locking
ties.
Ë 30 ~ 60 mm (1.18 ~ 2.36 in)
Ì 160 ~ 190 mm (6.30 ~ 7.48 in)
Ð Fasten the wire harness,
starter motor lead, and ground
lead to the frame with the plastic band.
Ñ Fasten the wire harness, speed
sensor lead, starter (choke)
cable, starter motor lead, and
ground lead with the plastic
band.
Ù
N
4
M
Ó
H
3
Ø
Ô
L
I
Õ
J
É
C
K
Ö
×
3
O
×
B
L
5
A
3
D-D
4
2
5
1
É
6
È
F
7
Ê
Ê
G
C
Ð
Ì
Ï
Ë
8
Î
D
9
D
B
A
Ñ
E
Ò
D
C
2 - 37
ÍB
A
0
SPEC
CABLE ROUTING
× Fasten the wire harness,
starter (choke) cable, starter
motor lead, and ground lead
with the plastic bands.
Ø Fasten the gear motor lead
with the plastic band.
Ù Fasten the wire harness, brake
light switch lead, and starter
(choke) cable with the plastic
band.
Ò 70 ~ 90 mm (2.76 ~ 3.54 in)
Ó Fasten the throttle cable with
the plastic band.
Ô Fasten the radiator inlet pipe
with the plastic band.
Õ Fasten the rear brake pipe with
the plastic band.
Ö Fasten the radiator outlet pipe
with the plastic band.
Ù
N
4
M
Ó
H
3
Ø
Ô
L
I
Õ
J
É
C
K
Ö
×
3
O
×
B
L
5
A
3
D-D
4
2
5
1
É
6
È
F
7
Ê
Ê
G
C
Ð
Ì
Ï
Ë
8
Î
D
9
D
B
A
Ñ
E
Ò
D
C
2 - 38
ÍB
A
0
CABLE ROUTING
1 Ignition coil lead
2 Spark plug lead
3 Final gear case breather hose
4 Vacuum hose
5 Fuel hoses
6 Air vent hoses
7 Starter (choke) cable
8 Crankcase breather hose
9 Ground lead
0 Rear brake hose
A Parking brake cable
SPEC
B Ignition coil
C Rear brake pipe
D Wire harness
E Fuel tank breather hose
F Rollover valve
G Fuel return hose
H Fuel suction hose
Ô
B
5
C
Ñ
Ù
0
D-D
Ö
A
Ø
3
Õ
3
Ð
A
×
3
5
×
E-E
Ø
A
Ò
B
E
0
C
Ú
D
3
0
Ù
5
G-G
Ó
Û
H
F-F
A
F
G
I
ËË
3
É
I
Ê
Í
H-H
67
4 5
Ì
Í 9
8
B
1
2
È
C
E
D
F
D
E
D
H
H
H
H
A
F
G
G
G
G
D
A
0
Ï
2 - 39
Î
CABLE ROUTING
SPEC
Í Fasten the A.C. magneto leads, reverse switch
lead, gear position switch lead, thermo switch 1
lead, carburetor heater lead, and parking brake
switch lead with the plastic bands.
Î 195 ~ 205 mm (7.68 ~ 8.07 in)
Ï 15 ~ 25 mm (0.59 ~ 0.98 in)
Ð Fasten the wire harness with the plastic band.
Ñ Fasten the parking brake cable and wire harness with the plastic clip.
È Fasten the spark plug lead with the plastic
holder.
É 20 ~ 30 mm (0.79 ~ 1.18 in)
Ê Pass the final gear case breather hose through
the grommet.
Ë 10°
Ì Fasten the starter (choke) cable, starter motor
lead, reverse switch lead, gear position switch
lead, thermo switch 1 lead, carburetor heater
lead, parking brake switch lead, and air vent
hose with the metal holder.
Ô
B
5
C
Ñ
Ù
0
D-D
Ö
A
Ø
3
Õ
3
Ð
A
×
3
5
×
E-E
Ø
A
Ò
B
E
0
C
Ú
D
3
0
Ù
5
G-G
Ó
Û
H
F-F
A
F
G
I
ËË
3
É
I
Ê
Í
H-H
67
4 5
Ì
Í 9
8
B
1
2
È
C
E
D
F
D
E
D
H
H
H
H
A
F
G
G
G
G
D
A
0
Ï
2 - 40
Î
CABLE ROUTING
SPEC
Ø Fasten the parking brake cable and final gear
case breather hose with the plastic holders.
Ù Fasten the rear brake hose with the plastic
bands.
Ú Fasten the rear brake pipe with the plastic
bands.
Û Fasten the wire harness with the plastic bands.
Ò Fasten the parking brake cable with the metal
holder.
Ó Fasten the wire harness, ignition coil lead, and
rear brake hose with the plastic band.
Ô Fasten the final gear case breather hose and
fuel hose with the plastic clip.
Õ Fasten the fuel filter with the plastic band.
Ö Fasten the fuel hose with the plastic holders.
× Fasten the final gear case breather hose with
the plastic holders.
Ô
B
5
C
Ñ
Ù
0
D-D
Ö
A
Ø
3
Õ
3
Ð
A
×
3
5
×
E-E
Ø
A
Ò
B
E
0
C
Ú
D
3
0
Ù
5
G-G
Ó
Û
H
F-F
A
F
G
I
ËË
3
É
I
Ê
Í
H-H
67
4 5
Ì
Í 9
8
B
1
2
È
C
E
D
F
D
E
D
H
H
H
H
A
F
G
G
G
G
D
A
0
Ï
2 - 41
Î
CABLE ROUTING
1 Throttle cable
2 Rear brake pipe
3 A.C. magneto couplers
4 Starter (choke) cable
5 Rear brake hose
6 Fuel hose
7 Vacuum hose
8 Spark plug lead
9 Parking brake cable
SPEC
È Pass the throttle cable through the cable guide.
É Fasten the speed sensor lead, starter (choke)
cable, starter motor lead, and ground lead with
the plastic band.
Ê Fasten the wire harness and A.C. magneto lead
with the plastic band.
Ë Fasten the wire harness with the plastic band.
Ì Fasten the fuel hose with the metal holder.
2
1
È
Ó
B
B
8
3
É
A
Ê
4
9
Ë
5
Ì
Í
6
7
A
Ò
Î
8
2
Õ
Ô
Ï
Ð
Ñ
Ð
2 - 42
B-B
CABLE ROUTING
Í Fasten the fuel hose and vacuum hose with the
plastic clip.
Î Make sure that the spark plug lead does not
contact the frame.
Ï Fasten the final gear case breather hose with
the plastic holder.
Ð 105 ~ 115 mm (4.13 ~ 4.53 in)
Ñ Fasten the wire harness with the plastic bands.
Ò The end of the spark plug cap boot must face
towards the passenger side of the vehicle.
Ó Pass the spark plug lead through the cutout in
the protective cover as shown.
Ô Fasten the rear brake pipe with the plastic band.
Õ Fasten the wire harness, speed sensor lead,
starter (choke) cable, starter motor lead, and
ground lead with the plastic band.
2
1
È
Ó
B
B
8
3
É
A
Ê
4
9
Ë
5
Ì
Í
6
7
A
Ò
Î
8
2
Õ
Ô
Ï
Ð
Ñ
SPEC
Ð
2 - 43
B-B
SPEC
CABLE ROUTING
1 Battery
2 Negative battery lead
3 Rectifier/regulator
4 Starter (choke) cable
5 Indicator light assembly couplers
6 On-Command four-wheel drive switch and differential gear lock switch leads
7 On-Command four-wheel drive switch and differential gear lock switch
8 Main switch
9 Starter (choke) knob
Q
R
P
0 Light switch
A Differential gear case breather hose
B Radiator fan motor breather hose
C Left headlight lead
D Throttle cable
E Right headlight lead
F Starter motor lead
G Starter relay lead
H Four-wheel drive relay 1
I Four-wheel drive relay 2
J Starter relay
P
R
N
V
DIFF
LOCK
S
P
Ñ
U
T
B
Q
R
C-C
Ò
Ð
D
D-D
B
U
S
T
E-E
A
1
2
A
3
4
5
6 7
8 9
È
0
B
A
D
C
C
D
É
O
Ï
N
E
M
L
K I
J
G
H Î
F EÍ
E
Ê
A
B
D
2 - 44
Ì
CË
SPEC
CABLE ROUTING
K Four-wheel drive relay 3
L Differential gear lock indicator light relay
M Four-wheel drive indicator light relay
N Fuse box
O Positive battery lead
P Neutral indicator light
Q Reverse indicator light
R Parking brake indicator light
S Four-wheel drive indicator light
T Differential gear lock indicator light
U Coolant temperature indicator light
Q
R
P
V C.D.I. unit
È Fasten the wire harness with the plastic bands.
É Pass the radiator fan motor breather hose, differential gear case breather hose, coolant reservoir breather hose, and brake light switch lead
through the guide.
Ê Pass the radiator fan motor breather hose, differential gear case breather hose, throttle cable,
and brake light switch lead through the guide.
P
R
N
V
DIFF
LOCK
S
P
Ñ
U
T
B
Q
R
C-C
Ò
Ð
D
D-D
B
U
S
T
E-E
A
1
2
A
3
4
5
6 7
8 9
È
0
B
A
D
C
C
D
É
O
Ï
N
E
M
L
K I
J
G
H Î
F EÍ
E
Ê
A
B
D
2 - 45
Ì
CË
SPEC
CABLE ROUTING
Ñ 4 mm (0.16 in) of clearance or more is required
around the boot.
Ò Make sure that the washer is installed on the
side of the pedal assembly bracket towards the
boot.
Ë Fasten the throttle cable with the plastic holder.
Ì Fasten the left headlight lead, differential gear
case breather hose, and radiator fan motor
breather hose with the plastic holder.
Í Fasten the left headlight lead and differential
gear case breather hose with the plastic holder.
Î Fasten the starter motor lead and starter relay
lead with the plastic holder.
Ï Fasten the positive battery lead with the plastic
holder.
Ð 60 mm (2.36 in)
Q
R
P
P
R
N
V
DIFF
LOCK
S
P
Ñ
U
T
B
Q
R
C-C
Ò
Ð
D
D-D
B
U
S
T
E-E
A
1
2
A
3
4
5
6 7
8 9
È
0
B
A
D
C
C
D
É
O
Ï
N
E
M
L
K I
J
G
H Î
F EÍ
E
Ê
A
B
D
2 - 46
Ì
CË
CABLE ROUTING
1 Auxiliary DC jack
2 Auxiliary DC jack lead
3 Coolant reservoir breather hose
4 Throttle cable
5 Radiator fan motor breather hose
6 Differential gear case breather hose
7 Starter (choke) cable
8 Wire harness
9 Front brake hoses
0 Coolant reservoir hose
A Ground lead
SPEC
B Starter relay lead
È Fasten the coolant reservoir breather hose with
the plastic band.
É Fasten the front brake hose with the plastic
band.
Ê Fasten the front brake hose with the plastic
band.
Ë Fasten the radiator outlet hose with the plastic
band.
A
Í
B
B-B
Ì
1
A
2
È 3
45
6
7 3
È
A
0
B
8
B
É
C
Ë
C
9
9
Ê
2 - 47
CABLE ROUTING
SPEC
Ì Fasten the wire harness and ground lead with
the plastic band.
Í Fasten the differential gear case breather hose,
coolant reservoir hose, radiator fan motor lead,
and thermo switch 3 lead with the plastic holder.
A
Í
B
B-B
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45
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7 3
È
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0
B
8
B
É
C
Ë
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2 - 48
INTRODUCTION/
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE/LUBRICATION
CHK
ADJ
EB300000
PERIODIC CHECKS AND ADJUSTMENTS
INTRODUCTION
This chapter includes all information necessary to perform recommended checks and adjustments.
These preventive maintenance procedures, if followed, will ensure more reliable vehicle operation
and a longer service life. The need for costly overhaul work will be greatly reduced. This information
applies to vehicles already in service as well as to new vehicles that are being prepared for sale. All
service technicians should be familiar with this entire chapter.
EB301000
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE/LUBRICATION
NOTE:
• For vehicles not equipped with an odometer or hour meter, follow the month maintenance intervals.
• For vehicles equipped with an odometer or an hour meter, follow the km (mi) or hours maintenance intervals. However, keep in mind that if the vehicle isn’t used for a long period of time, the
month maintenance intervals should be followed.
INITIAL
ITEM
ROUTINE
Whichever
comes first
Valves*
• Check valve clearance.
• Adjust if necessary.
Cooling system
• Check coolant leakage.
• Repair if necessary.
• Replace coolant every 24 months.
Spark plug
• Check condition.
• Adjust gap and clean.
• Replace if necessary.
Air filter element
• Clean.
• Replace if necessary.
Carburetor*
• Check idle speed/starter operation.
• Adjust if necessary.
Crankcase breather
system*
• Check breather hose for cracks or damage.
• Replace if necessary.
Exhaust system*
• Check for leakage.
• Tighten if necessary.
• Replace gasket(s) if necessary.
Sparks arrester
• Clean.
Fuel line*
• Check fuel hose for cracks or damage.
• Replace if necessary.
Engine oil
• Replace (warm engine before draining).
Engine oil filter cartridge
• Replace.
Final gear oil
Differential gear oil
EVERY
month
1
3
6
6
12
km
(mi)
320
(200)
1,200
(750)
2,400
(1,500)
2,400
(1,500)
4,800
(3,000)
hours
20
75
150
150
300
Every 20 ~ 40 hours
(More often in wet or dusty areas.)
• Check oil level/oil leakage.
• Replace.
Front brake*
• Check operation/brake pad wear/fluid leakage/see
NOTE page 3-2.
• Correct if necessary. Replace pads if worn to the limit.
Rear brake*
• Check operation/brake pad wear/fluid leakage/see
NOTE page 3-2.
• Correct if necessary. Replace pads if worn to the limit.
3-1
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE/LUBRICATION
CHK
ADJ
INITIAL
ITEM
ROUTINE
Whichever
comes first
EVERY
month
1
3
6
6
12
km
(mi)
320
(200)
1,200
(750)
2,400
(1,500)
2,400
(1,500)
4,800
(3,000)
hours
20
75
150
150
300
Accelerator pedal*
• Check operation and free play.
V-belt*
• Check operation.
• Check for wear, cracks, or damage.
Wheels*
• Check balance/damage/runout.
• Repair if necessary.
Wheel bearings*
• Check bearing assemblies for looseness/damage.
• Replace if damaged.
Front and rear
suspension*
• Check operation and for leakage.
• Correct if necessary.
Steering system*
• Check operation and for looseness/Replace if damaged.
• Check toe-in/Adjust if necessary.
Rear upper and
lower knuckle pivots*
• Lubricate with lithium-soap-based grease.
Drive shaft universal
• Lubricate with lithium-soap-based grease.
joint*
Engine mount*
• Check for cracks or damage.
• Check bolt tightness.
Front and rear axle
boots*
• Check operation.
• Replace if damaged.
Stabilizer bushings*
• Check for cracks or damage.
Fittings and fasteners*
• Check all chassis fittings and fasteners.
• Correct if necessary.
* Since these items require special tools, data and technical skills have a Yamaha dealer perform the service.
NOTE:
• Recommended brake fluid: DOT 4
• Brake fluid replacement:
• When disassembling the master cylinder or caliper, replace the brake fluid. Normally check the
brake fluid level and add fluid as required.
• On the inner parts of the master cylinder and caliper, replace the oil seals every two years.
• Replace the brake hoses every four years, or if cracked or damaged.
3-2
3
ADJUSTING THE VALVE CLEARANCE
CHK
ADJ
ENGINE
ADJUSTING THE VALVE CLEARANCE
NOTE:
• The valve clearance must be adjusted when
the engine is cool to the touch.
• Adjust the valve clearance when the piston is
at the Top Dead Center (TDC) on the compression stroke.
1.
•
•
•
Remove:
driver seat
passenger seat
console
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
2. Lift the cargo bed up.
3.
•
•
4.
•
5.
•
Remove:
tappet cover (intake) 1
tappet covers (exhaust) 2
Disconnect:
spark plug cap 3
Remove:
spark plug
6. Remove:
• air shroud 1 1
1
3-3
ADJUSTING THE VALVE CLEARANCE
CHK
ADJ
7. Remove:
• engine cooling fan 1
1
8. Remove:
• timing plug 1
1
9. Check:
• valve clearance
Out of specification → Adjust.
Valve clearance (cold)
Intake
0.10 ~ 0.15 mm
(0.0039 ~ 0.0059 in)
Exhaust
0.15 ~ 0.20 mm
(0.0059 ~ 0.0079 in)
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a. Turn the crankshaft counterclockwise with a
wrench.
b. Align the “I” mark 1 on the rotor with the
stationary pointer 2 on the A.C. magneto
cover. When the “I” mark is aligned with the
stationary pointer, the piston is at the Top
Dead Center (TDC).
1
2
NOTE:
• When the piston is at the Top Dead Center
(TDC) on the compression stroke, there
should be clearance between the valve stem
tips and their respective rocker arm adjusting
screws.
• If there is no clearance, rotate the crankshaft
counterclockwise one turn.
c. Measure the valve clearance using a thickness gauge 3.
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3-4
ADJUSTING THE VALVE CLEARANCE
CHK
ADJ
10.Adjust:
• valve clearance
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a. Loosen the locknut 1.
b. Insert a thickness gauge 2 between the
adjuster end and the valve end.
c. Turn the adjuster 3 clockwise or counterclockwise with the tappet adjusting tool 4
until the proper clearance is obtained.
Tappet adjusting tool
P/N. YM-08035-A, 90890-01311
d. Hold the adjuster to prevent it from moving
and then tighten the locknut.
T.
Locknut
14 Nm (1.4 m · kg, 10 ft · lb)
R.
e. Measure the valve clearance.
f. If the clearance is incorrect, repeat the
above steps until the proper clearance is
obtained.
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11.Install:
• all removed parts
NOTE:
Install all removed parts in the reverse order of
their disassembly. Note the following points.
12.Install:
• engine cooling fan
T.
7 Nm (0.7 m · kg, 5.1 ft · lb)
13.Install:
• air shroud 1
10 Nm (1.0 m · kg, 7.2 ft · lb)
14.Install:
• spark plug
18 Nm (1.8 m · kg, 13 ft · lb)
• tappet covers (exhaust)
12 Nm (1.2 m · kg, 8.7 ft · lb)
• tappet cover (intake)
10 Nm (1.0 m · kg, 7.2 ft · lb)
15.Lower the cargo bed.
16.Install:
• console
• passenger seat
• driver seat
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
R.
T.
R.
T.
R.
T.
R.
T.
R.
3-5
ADJUSTING THE TIMING CHAIN/
ADJUSTING THE IDLING SPEED
CHK
ADJ
ADJUSTING THE TIMING CHAIN
Adjustment free.
ADJUSTING THE IDLING SPEED
1. Start the engine and let it warm up for several minutes.
2. Remove:
• driver seat
• passenger seat
• console
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
3. Lift the cargo bed up.
4. Attach:
• tachometer
(to the spark plug lead)
Digital engine test tachometer
P/N. YU-8036-C
Engine tachometer
P/N. 90890-03113
5. Check:
• engine idling speed
Out of specification → Adjust.
Engine idling speed
1,450 ~ 1,550 r/min
6. Adjust:
• engine idling speed
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a. Turn the throttle stop screw 1 in or out until
the specified idling speed is obtained.
Turning in
Idling speed becomes
higher.
Turning out
Idling speed becomes
lower.
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3-6
ADJUSTING THE IDLING SPEED/
ADJUSTING THE THROTTLE CABLE
7.
•
8.
9.
•
•
•
CHK
ADJ
Detach:
tachometer
Lower the cargo bed.
Install:
console
passenger seat
driver seat
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
ADJUSTING THE THROTTLE CABLE
NOTE:
Throttle cable free play should be adjusted
properly before adjusting the engine idling
speed.
_
1.
•
•
•
2.
•
3.
•
Remove:
driver seat
passenger seat
console
Remove:
throttle valve cover 1
Check:
throttle cable a
Slack → Remove the slack.
a
4. Adjust:
• throttle cable
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a. Loosen the locknut 1.
b. Turn the adjuster 2 in or out until there is
no slack.
Turning in
Slack is increased.
Turning out
Slack is decreased.
c. Tighten the locknut.
NOTE:
After adjusting the throttle cable, depress the
accelerator pedal a few times and make sure
that the throttle valve 3 closes completely
after releasing the accelerator pedal.
_
3
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3-7
ADJUSTING THE THROTTLE CABLE/
ADJUSTING THE STARTER CABLE
5.
•
6.
•
•
•
CHK
ADJ
Remove:
throttle valve cover
Install:
console
passenger seat
driver seat
ADJUSTING THE STARTER CABLE
1. Remove:
• driver seat
• passenger seat
• console
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
2. Adjust:
• starter cable
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Disconnect the starter cable 1 from the
carburetor body.
NOTE:
Do not remove the starter plunger 2 from the
starter cable.
b. Measure the starter plunger stroke distance
a of the starter (choke) knob 3 fully close
to fully open position. If the distance is out
of specification adjust it as described below.
Starter plunger stroke distance
13 mm (0.51 in)
È Fully closed position
É Fully open position
c. Pull back the boot 4.
d. Loosen the locknut 5.
e. Turn the adjuster 6 in or out until the correct distance is obtained.
Turning in
Distance increased.
Turning out
Distance decreased.
f. Tighten the locknut 5.
g. Push in the boot 4.
h. Connect the starter cable to the carburetor.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
3-8
ADJUSTING THE STARTER CABLE/
CHECKING THE SPARK PLUG
3.
•
•
•
CHK
ADJ
Install:
console
passenger seat
driver seat
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
CHECKING THE SPARK PLUG
1. Lift the cargo bed up.
2. Remove:
• spark plug
3. Check:
• spark plug type
Incorrect → Replace.
Standard spark plug
DPR8EA-9/NGK
4. Check:
• electrode 1
Wear/damage → Replace.
• insulator 2
Abnormal color → Replace.
Normal color is a medium-to-light tan color.
5. Clean the spark plug with a spark plug
cleaner or wire brush.
6. Measure:
• spark plug gap a
Use a wire gauge or thickness gauge.
Out of specification → Regap.
Spark plug gap
0.8 ~ 0.9 mm (0.031 ~ 0.035 in)
T.
R.
7. Install:
• spark plug
18 Nm (1.8 m
· kg, 13 ft · lb)
NOTE:
Before installing a spark plug, clean the gasket
surface and plug surface.
8. Lower the cargo bed.
3-9
CHECKING THE IGNITION TIMING
CHK
ADJ
CHECKING THE IGNITION TIMING
NOTE:
Engine idling speed and throttle cable free play
should be adjusted properly before checking
the ignition timing.
1.
•
•
•
2.
3.
•
•
Remove:
driver seat
passenger seat
console
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
Lift the cargo bed up.
Attach:
tachometer
timing light
(to the spark plug lead)
Digital engine test tachometer
P/N. YU-8036-C
Engine tachometer
P/N. 90890-03113
Timing light
P/N. 90890-03141
Battery powered timing light
P/N. YM-33277-A
1
4. Remove:
• air shroud 1 1
5. Remove:
• engine cooling fan 1
1
3 - 10
CHECKING THE IGNITION TIMING/
MEASURING THE COMPRESSION PRESSURE
CHK
ADJ
6. Check:
• ignition timing
1
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Warm up the engine and keep it at the
specified speed.
Engine speed
1,450 ~ 1,550 r/min
b. Remove the timing plug 1.
c. Visually check the stationary pointer 2 to
verify it is within the required firing range 3
indicated on the flywheel.
Incorrect firing range → Check the pulser
coil assembly.
d. Install the timing plug.
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7. Install:
• engine cooling fan
T.
7 Nm (0.7 m · kg, 5.1 ft · lb)
8. Install:
• air shroud 1
10 Nm (1.0 m · kg, 7.2 ft · lb)
9. Detach:
• timing light
• tachometer
10.Lower the cargo bed.
11.Install:
• console
• passenger seat
• driver seat
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
R.
T.
R.
3
2
MEASURING THE COMPRESSION
PRESSURE
NOTE:
Insufficient compression pressure will result in
a loss of performance.
1. Check:
• valve clearance
Out of specification → Adjust.
Refer to “ADJUSTING THE VALVE
CLEARANCE”.
2. Start the engine and let it warm up for several minutes.
3. Stop the engine.
4. Lift the cargo bed up.
3 - 11
MEASURING THE COMPRESSION PRESSURE
5.
•
6.
•
•
CHK
ADJ
Remove:
spark plug
Attach:
adapter
compression gauge 1
Compression gauge
P/N. YU-33223, 90890-03081
Adapter
P/N. YU-33223-4, 90890-04082
7. Measure:
• compression pressure
Above the maximum pressure:
Check the cylinder head, valve surfaces,
and piston crown for carbon deposits.
Below the minimum pressure:
Squirt a few drops of oil into the affected
cylinder and measure again.
Refer to the table below.
Compression pressure
(with oil introduced into cylinder)
Reading
Diagnosis
Higher than
without oil
Worn or damaged pistons
Same as without oil
Defective ring(s), valves,
cylinder head gasket or
piston is possible.
Compression pressure
(at sea level)
Standard:
1,324 kPa
(13.24 kg/cm2, 188.31 psi)
Minimum:
1,150 kPa
(11.5 kg/cm2, 163.57 psi)
Maximum:
1,480 kPa
(14.8 kg/cm2, 210.50 psi)
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a. Crank over the engine with the electric
starter (be sure the battery is fully charged)
with the throttle wide-open until the compression reading on the gauge stabilizes.
3 - 12
MEASURING THE COMPRESSION PRESSURE/
CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL
CHK
ADJ
WARNING
When cranking the engine, ground the
spark plug lead to prevent sparking.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
T.
8. Install:
• spark plug
18 Nm (1.8 m · kg, 13 ft · lb)
9. Lower the cargo bed.
R.
CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Remove:
• driver seat
• passenger seat
• console
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
3. Check:
• engine oil level
Oil level should be between the maximum
1 and minimum 2 marks.
Oil level low → Add oil to the proper level.
NOTE:
Do not screw the dipstick 3 in when checking
the oil level.
Recommended oil
Follow the left chart.
0°
10°
30°
50°
70°
90°
110°
130°F
YAMALUBE 4 (20W40) or SAE 20W40
YAMALUBE 4 (10W30) or SAE 10W30
SAE 5W30
-20°
-10°
0°
10°
20°
30°
40°
NOTE:
Recommended oil classification:
API Service “SE”, “SF”, “SG” type or equivalent (e.g. “SF—SE—CC”, “SF—SE—SD” etc.)
50°C
CAUTION:
Do not allow foreign material to enter the
crankcase.
4. Start the engine and let it warm up for several minutes.
3 - 13
CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL/
CHANGING THE ENGINE OIL
CHK
ADJ
5. Stop the engine and check the oil level
again.
NOTE:
Wait a few minutes until the oil settles before
checking the oil level.
WARNING
Never remove the dipstick just after high
speed operation because the heated oil
could spurt out. Wait until the oil cools
down before removing the dipstick.
6.
•
•
•
Install:
console
passenger seat
driver seat
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
CHANGING THE ENGINE OIL
1. Start the engine and let it warm up for several minutes.
2. Stop the engine and place an oil pan under
the engine.
3. Remove:
• driver seat
• passenger seat
• console
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
4. Remove:
• engine oil filler plug (dipstick) 1
• engine oil drain bolt 2
Drain the engine oil from the crankcase.
5. If the oil filter cartridge is also to be
replaced, perform the following procedure.
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a. Remove the oil filter cartridge 1 with an oil
filter wrench 2.
Oil filter wrench
P/N. YU-38411, 90890-01426
3 - 14
CHANGING THE ENGINE OIL
CHK
ADJ
b. Lubricate the O-ring 3 of the new oil filter
cartridge with a thin coat of lithium-soapbased grease.
CAUTION:
Make sure that the O-ring 3 is positioned
correctly in the groove of the oil filter cartridge.
c. Tighten the new oil filter cartridge to specification with an oil filter wrench.
T.
Oil filter cartridge
17 Nm (1.7 m · kg, 12 ft · lb)
R.
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6. Install:
• engine oil drain bolt 1
T.
30 Nm (3.0 m · kg, 22 ft · lb)
7. Fill:
• crankcase
(with sufficient oil to reach the specified
level)
Refer to “CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL
LEVEL”.
R.
Oil quantity
Periodic oil change
2.10 L (1.85 Imp qt, 2.22 US qt)
With oil filter replacement
2.20 L (1.94 Imp qt, 2.33 US qt)
Total amount
2.40 L (2.11 Imp qt, 2.54 US qt)
8. Install:
• engine oil filler plug
9. Warm up the engine for a few minutes, then
stop the engine.
10.Check:
• engine
(for engine oil leaks)
• oil level
Refer to “CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL
LEVEL”.
3 - 15
CHANGING THE ENGINE OIL/
CLEANING THE AIR FILTER
CHK
ADJ
11.Check:
• engine oil pressure
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a. Slightly loosen the oil gallery bolt 1.
b. Start the engine and keep it idling until
engine oil starts to seep from the oil gallery
bolt. If no engine oil comes out after one
minute, turn the engine off so that it will not
seize.
c. Check the engine oil passages, the oil filter
cartridge and the oil pump for damage or
leakage. Refer to “CRANKSHAFT AND OIL
PUMP” in chapter 4.
d. Start the engine after solving the problem(s)
and check the engine oil pressure again.
e. Tighten the oil gallery bolt to specification.
T.
Oil gallery bolt
7 Nm (0.7 m · kg, 5.1 ft · lb)
R.
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12.Install:
• console
• passenger seat
• driver seat
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
CLEANING THE AIR FILTER
NOTE:
There is a check hose 1 at the bottom of the
air filter case. If dust and/or water collects in
this hose, clean the air filter element and air filter case.
1.
•
•
•
3 - 16
Remove:
driver seat
passenger seat
console
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
CLEANING THE AIR FILTER
CHK
ADJ
2. Remove:
• air filter case cover 1
3.
•
•
•
Remove:
air filter element assembly 1
air filter element cap
air filter element
2 Air filter element cap
3 Air filter element
CAUTION:
Never operate the engine with the air filter
element removed. This will allow unfiltered
air to enter, causing rapid wear and possible engine damage. Additionally, operation
without the filter element will affect carburetor tuning with subsequent poor performance and possible engine overheating.
4. Check:
• air filter element
Damaged → Replace.
5. Clean:
• air filter element
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a. Wash the element gently, but thoroughly in
solvent.
WARNING
Use a cleaning solvent which is designed
to clean parts only. Never use gasoline or
low flash point solvents as they may cause
a fire or explosion.
b. Squeeze the excess solvent out of the element and let it dry.
CAUTION:
Do not twist or wring out the element. This
could damage the foam material.
3 - 17
CLEANING THE AIR FILTER/
CHECKING THE COOLANT LEVEL
CHK
ADJ
c. Apply Yamaha foam air filter oil or other
quality foam air filter oil.
d. Squeeze out the excess oil.
NOTE:
The element should be wet but not dripping.
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6. Install:
• air filter element
• air filter case cover
NOTE:
To prevent air leaks make sure that the sealing
surface of the element matches the sealing
surface of the case.
7.
•
•
•
Install:
console
passenger seat
driver seat
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
CHECKING THE COOLANT LEVEL
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Lift the hood up.
3. Check:
• coolant level
The coolant level should be between the
minimum level mark a and maximum level
mark b.
Below the minimum level mark → Add the
recommended coolant to the proper level.
CAUTION:
• Adding water instead of coolant lowers
the antifreeze content of the coolant. If
water is used instead of coolant, check
and if necessary, correct the antifreeze
concentration of the coolant.
• Use only distilled water. However, soft
water may be used if distilled water is not
available.
3 - 18
CHECKING THE COOLANT LEVEL/
CHANGING THE COOLANT
CHK
ADJ
4. Start the engine, warm it up for several minutes, and then turn it off.
5. Check:
• coolant level
NOTE:
Before checking the coolant level, wait a few
minutes until the coolant has settled.
6. Close the hood.
CHANGING THE COOLANT
1. Remove:
• driver seat
• passenger seat
• console
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
2. Lift the hood up.
3.
•
4.
•
Remove:
coolant reservoir cap 1
Disconnect:
coolant reservoir hose 2
5. Drain:
• coolant
(from the coolant reservoir)
6. Connect:
• coolant reservoir hose
7. Remove:
• coolant drain bolt (water pump) 1
(along with the copper washer)
3 - 19
CHANGING THE COOLANT
CHK
ADJ
8. Remove:
• radiator cap 1
WARNING
A hot radiator is under pressure. Therefore,
do not remove the radiator cap when the
engine is hot. Scalding hot fluid and steam
may be blown out, which could cause serious injury. When the engine has cooled,
open the radiator cap as follows:
Place a thick rag or a towel over the radiator cap and slowly turn the radiator cap
counterclockwise toward the detent to
allow any residual pressure to escape.
When the hissing sound has stopped, turn
the radiator cap counterclockwise while
pressing down on it and then remove it.
9. Drain:
• coolant
10.Disconnect:
• coolant outlet hose 1
• water pump inlet hose 2
11.Drain:
• coolant
T.
12.Check:
• copper washer 1
• coolant drain bolt 2
Damage → Replace.
13.Install:
• coolant drain bolt (water pump)
10 Nm (1.0 m · kg, 7.2 ft · lb)
R.
3 - 20
CHANGING THE COOLANT
CHK
ADJ
14.Connect:
• water pump inlet hose
• coolant outlet hose
15.Remove:
• air bleed bolt 1
16.Fill:
• cooling system
(with the specified amount of the recommended coolant)
Recommended antifreeze
High-quality ethylene glycol
antifreeze containing corrosion
inhibitors for aluminum engines
Mixing ratio
1 : 1 (antifreeze : water)
Quantity
Total amount
2.5 L (2.20 Imp qt, 2.64 US qt)
Coolant reservoir capacity
0.35 L (0.31 Imp qt, 0.37 US qt)
NOTE:
The specified amount of coolant is a standard
amount. Fill the cooling system with coolant
until coolant comes out of the hole for the air
bleed bolt.
Handling notes for coolant
Coolant is potentially harmful and should be
handled with special care.
WARNING
• If coolant splashes in your eyes, thoroughly wash them with water and consult
a doctor.
• If coolant splashes on your clothes,
quickly wash it away with water and then
with soap and water.
• If coolant is swallowed, induce vomiting
and get immediate medical attention.
3 - 21
CHANGING THE COOLANT
CHK
ADJ
CAUTION:
• Adding water instead of coolant lowers
the antifreeze content of the coolant. If
water is used instead of coolant, check,
and if necessary, correct the antifreeze
concentration of the coolant.
• Use only distilled water. However, soft
water may be used if distilled water is not
available.
• If coolant comes into contact with painted
surfaces, immediately wash them with
water.
• Do not mix different types of antifreeze.
T.
R.
17.Install:
• air bleed bolt
18.Install:
• radiator cap
9 Nm (0.9 m
· kg, 6.5 ft · lb)
19.Fill:
• coolant reservoir
(with the recommended coolant to the maximum level mark a)
20.Install:
• coolant reservoir cap
21.Start the engine, warm it up for several minutes, and then turn it off.
22.Check:
• coolant level
Refer to “CHECKING THE COOLANT
LEVEL”.
NOTE:
Before checking the coolant level, wait a few
minutes until the coolant has settled.
23.Close the hood.
24.Install:
• console
• passenger seat
• driver seat
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
3 - 22
CHECKING THE COOLANT TEMPERATURE WARNING
LIGHT/CHECKING THE V-BELT
CHK
ADJ
CHECKING THE COOLANT TEMPERATURE
WARNING LIGHT
1 Coolant temperature indicator light
Coolant temperature warning light checking method
Turn the main switch “ON”.
Coolant temperature warning
light comes on.
Coolant temperature warning light
does not come on.
Turn the main switch to “START”
with the transmission in neutral position.
Coolant temperature warning
light comes on momentarily.
Coolant temperature and
electrical circuit are OK. Go
ahead with riding.
Coolant temperature warning
light does not come on.
Check the electrical circuit.
CHECKING THE V-BELT
1. Remove:
• driver seat
• passenger seat
• console
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
• drive belt cover
Refer to “PRIMARY AND SECONDARY
SHEAVES” in chapter 4.
3 - 23
CHECKING THE V-BELT
CHK
ADJ
2. Check:
• V-belt 1
Cracks/wear/scaling/chipping → Replace.
Oil/grease → Check primary sheave and
secondary sheave.
3. Measure:
• V-belt width 2
Out of specification → Replace.
V-belt width
33.2 mm (1.31 in)
<Limit:> 29.9 mm (1.18 in)
4. Replace:
• V-belt
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a. Install the bolts 1 (90101-06016) into the
secondary fixed sheave hold.
NOTE:
Tightening the bolts 1 will push the secondary
sliding sheave away, causing the gap between
the secondary fixed and sliding sheaves to
widen.
b. Remove the V-belt 1 from the primary
sheave and secondary sheave.
c. Install the V-belt.
NOTE:
Install the V-belt so that its arrow faces the
direction shown in the illustration.
d. Remove the bolts.
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3 - 24
CHECKING THE V-BELT/
CLEANING THE SPARK ARRESTER
CHK
ADJ
5. Remove:
• drive belt cover
Refer to “PRIMARY AND SECONDARY
SHEAVES” in chapter 4.
• console
• passenger seat
• driver seat
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
CLEANING THE SPARK ARRESTER
1. Clean:
• spark arrester
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
WARNING
• Select a well-ventilated area free of combustible materials.
• Always let the exhaust system cool
before performing this operation.
• Do not start the engine when removing
the tailpipe from the muffler.
a. Remove the bolts 1.
b. Remove the tailpipe 2 by pulling it out of
the muffler.
c. Tap the tailpipe lightly with a soft-face hammer or suitable tool, then use a wire brush
to remove any carbon deposits from the
spark arrester portion of the tailpipe and the
inner contact surfaces of the muffler.
d. Insert the tailpipe 2 into the muffler and
align the bolt holes.
e. Insert the bolt 1 and tighten it.
f. Start the engine and rev it up approximately
twenty times while momentarily creating
exhaust system back pressure by blocking
the end of the muffler with a shop towel.
g. Stop the engine and allow the exhaust pipe
to cool.
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3 - 25
ADJUSTING THE BRAKE PEDAL
CHK
ADJ
CHASSIS
ADJUSTING THE BRAKE PEDAL
1. Check:
• brake pedal free play a
Out of specification → Adjust.
NOTE:
The end of the brake rod 1 should lightly contact the brake master cylinder 2.
_
Brake pedal free play
0 mm (0.0 in)
2. Adjust:
• brake pedal free play
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a. Loosen the locknut 1.
b. Turn brake rod 2 in or out until the correct
free play is obtained.
Turning in
Free play is increased.
Turning out
Free play is decreased.
c. Tighten the locknut to specification.
T.
Locknut
17 Nm (1.7 m · kg, 12 ft · lb)
R.
NOTE:
Make sure that there is no brake drag on the
front or rear wheels.
_
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3 - 26
ADJUSTING THE PARKING BRAKE
CHK
ADJ
ADJUSTING THE PARKING BRAKE
1. Shift the drive select lever into low gear “L”.
2. Remove:
• driver seat
• passenger seat
• console
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
3. Check:
• parking brake cable free play a
Out of specification → Adjust.
Parking brake cable free play
2 ~ 3 mm (0.079 ~ 0.118 in)
4. Adjust:
• parking brake cable free play
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a. Pull back the adjuster cover 1.
b. Loosen the locknut 2.
c. Turn the adjuster 3 in or out until the correct free play is obtained.
Turning in
Free play is increased.
Turning out
Free play is decreased.
d. Tighten the locknut 2.
e. Slide the adjuster cover 1 to its original
position.
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5.
•
•
•
3 - 27
Install:
console
passenger seat
driver seat
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
CHECKING THE BRAKE FLUID LEVEL
CHK
ADJ
CHECKING THE BRAKE FLUID LEVEL
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface.
NOTE:
When checking the brake fluid level, make
sure that the top of the brake fluid reservoir top
is horizontal.
2. Lift the hood up.
3. Check:
• brake fluid level
Fluid level is under “MIN” level line 1 → Fill
up.
Recommended brake fluid
DOT 4
CAUTION:
Brake fluid may erode painted surfaces or
plastic parts. Always clean up spilled fluid
immediately.
WARNING
• Use only the designed quality brake fluid:
otherwise, the rubber seals may deteriorate, causing leakage and poor brake performance.
• Refill with the same type of brake fluid;
mixing fluids may result in a harmful
chemical reaction and lead to poor performance.
• Be careful that water does not enter the
master cylinder when refilling. Water will
significantly lower the boiling point of the
fluid and may result in a vapor lock.
4. Close the hood.
3 - 28
CHECKING THE FRONT BRAKE PADS/CHECKING THE REAR BRAKE
PADS/CHECKING THE BRAKE HOSES AND BRAKE PIPES
CHK
ADJ
CHECKING THE FRONT BRAKE PADS
1. Remove:
• front wheels
2. Check:
• brake pads
Wear indicator groove 1 almost disappeared → Replace the brake pads as a set.
Refer to “FRONT AND REAR BRAKES” in
chapter 8.
Brake pad wear limit a
1.5 mm (0.06 in)
3. Operate the brake pedal.
4. Install:
• front wheels
CHECKING THE REAR BRAKE PADS
1. Check:
• brake pads
Wear indicator groove 1 almost disappeared → Replace the brake pads as a set.
Refer to “FRONT AND REAR BRAKES” in
chapter 8.
Brake pad wear limit a
1.5 mm (0.06 in)
2. Operate the brake pedal.
CHECKING THE BRAKE HOSES AND
BRAKE PIPES
1. Remove:
• driver seat
• passenger seat
• console
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
3 - 29
CHECKING THE BRAKE HOSES AND BRAKE PIPES/
BLEEDING THE HYDRAULIC BRAKE SYSTEM
2.
3.
4.
•
•
•
CHK
ADJ
Lift the hood up.
Lift the cargo bed.
Check:
front brake hoses 1
rear brake pipes 2
rear brake hoses 3
Cracks/wear/damage → Replace.
Fluid leakage → Replace all damaged
parts.
Refer to “FRONT AND REAR BRAKES” in
chapter 8.
NOTE:
Hold the vehicle in an upright position and
apply the brake pedal.
5. Check:
• brake hose clamps
Loosen → Tighten.
6. Lower the cargo bed.
7. Close the hood.
8. Install:
• console
• passenger seat
• driver seat
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
1
2
BLEEDING THE HYDRAULIC BRAKE
SYSTEM
WARNING
Bleed the brake system if:
• The system has been disassembled.
• A brake hose or brake pipe have been
loosened or removed.
• The brake fluid has been very low.
• The brake operation has been faulty.
A loss of braking performance may occur if
the brake system is not properly bled.
3 - 30
BLEEDING THE HYDRAULIC BRAKE SYSTEM
È
CHK
ADJ
1. Bleed:
• brake system
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Add the proper brake fluid to the reservoir.
b. Install the diaphragm. Be careful not to spill
any fluid or allow the reservoir to overflow.
c. Connect the clear plastic hose 1 tightly to
the caliper bleed screw 2.
È Front
É Rear
É
d. Place the other end of the hose into a container.
e. Slowly apply the brake pedal several times.
f. Push down on the pedal and hold it.
g. Loosen the bleed screw and allow the pedal
to travel towards its limit.
h. Tighten the bleed screw when the pedal
limit has been reached, then release the
pedal.
i. Repeat steps (e) to (h) until all the air bubbles have disappeared from the fluid.
j. Tighten the bleed screw.
T.
R.
Front brake caliper bleed screw
6 Nm (0.6 m · kg, 4.3 ft · lb)
Rear brake caliper bleed screw
5 Nm (0.5 m · kg, 3.6 ft · lb)
NOTE:
If bleeding is difficult, it may be necessary to
let the brake fluid settle for a few hours.
Repeat the bleeding procedure when the tiny
bubbles in the system have disappeared.
k. Add brake fluid to the proper level.
Refer to “CHECKING THE BRAKE FLUID
LEVEL”.
WARNING
Check the operation of the brake after
bleeding the brake system.
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3 - 31
ADJUSTING THE SELECT LEVER SHIFT ROD/
ADJUSTING THE BRAKE LIGHT SWITCH
CHK
ADJ
ADJUSTING THE SELECT LEVER SHIFT
ROD
1 Neutral
2 High
3 Low
4 Reverse
5 Select lever shift rod
CAUTION:
Before shifting, you must stop the vehicle
and take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
Otherwise, the transmission may be damaged.
1. Adjust:
• Select lever shift rod
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Make sure the select lever is in NEUTRAL.
b. Loosen both locknuts 1.
CAUTION:
The select lever shift rod locknut (select
lever side) has left-handed threads. To
loosen the locknut, turn it clockwise.
c. Adjust the shift rod length for smooth and
correct shifting.
d. Tighten the locknuts 1.
T.
Locknut
15 Nm (1.5 m · kg, 11 ft · lb)
R.
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ADJUSTING THE BRAKE LIGHT SWITCH
NOTE:
• The brake light switch is operated by movement of the brake pedal.
• The brake light switch is properly adjusted
when the brake light comes on just before
the braking effect starts.
3 - 32
ADJUSTING THE BRAKE LIGHT SWITCH/
CHECKING THE FINAL GEAR OIL LEVEL
CHK
ADJ
1. Check:
• brake light operation timing
Incorrect → Adjust.
2. Adjust:
• brake light operation timing
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Hold the main body 1 of the brake light
switch so that it does not rotate and turn the
adjusting nut 2 in direction a or b until the
brake light comes on at the proper time.
Direction a
Brake light comes on
sooner.
Direction b
Brake light comes on
later.
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CHECKING THE FINAL GEAR OIL LEVEL
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Remove:
• oil filler plug 1
3. Check:
• oil level
Oil level should be up to the brim of the
hole.
Oil level low → Add oil to the proper level.
Recommended oil
SAE 80 API “GL-4” Hypoid gear
oil
CAUTION:
Take care not allow foreign material to
enter the final gear case.
R.
3 - 33
T.
4. Install:
• oil filler plug
23 Nm (2.3 m
· kg, 17 ft · lb)
CHANGING THE FINAL GEAR OIL/
CHECKING THE DIFFERENTIAL GEAR OIL
CHK
ADJ
T.
CHANGING THE FINAL GEAR OIL
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Place a container under the final gear case
to collect the used oil.
3. Remove:
• oil filler plug 1
• drain plug 2
4. Drain:
• final gear oil
5. Install:
• drain plug
20 Nm (2.0 m · kg, 14 ft · lb)
R.
NOTE:
Check the drain plug gasket. If it is damaged,
replace it with a new one.
6. Fill:
• final gear case
Periodic oil change
0.25 L (0.22 Imp qt, 0.26 US qt)
Total amount
0.28 L (0.25 Imp qt, 0.30 US qt)
Recommended oil
SAE 80 API “GL-4” Hypoid gear
oil
CAUTION:
Take care not to allow foreign material to
enter the final gear case.
T.
R.
7. Install:
• oil filler plug
23 Nm (2.3 m
· kg, 17 ft · lb)
CHECKING THE DIFFERENTIAL GEAR OIL
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Remove:
• oil filler plug 1
3 - 34
CHECKING THE DIFFERENTIAL GEAR OIL/
CHANGING THE DIFFERENTIAL GEAR OIL
CHK
ADJ
3. Check:
• oil level
Oil level should be up to the brim of hole.
Oil level low → Add oil to proper level.
Recommended oil
SAE 80 API “GL-4” Hypoid gear
oil
CAUTION:
Take care not allow foreign material to
enter the differential gear case.
T.
R.
4. Install:
• oil filler plug
23 Nm (2.3 m
· kg, 17 ft · lb)
T.
CHANGING THE DIFFERENTIAL GEAR OIL
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Place a receptacle under the differential
gear case.
3. Remove:
• oil filler plug 1
• drain plug 2
4. Drain:
• differential gear oil
5. Install:
• drain plug
10 Nm (1.0 m · kg, 7.2 ft · lb)
R.
NOTE:
Check the gasket (drain plug). If it is damaged,
replace it with new one.
3 - 35
CHANGING THE DIFFERENTIAL GEAR OIL/CHECKING
THE CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINT DUST BOOTS
CHK
ADJ
6. Fill:
• differential gear case
Periodic oil change
0.32 L (0.28 Imp qt, 0.34 US qt)
Total amount
0.33 L (0.29 Imp qt, 0.35 US qt)
Recommended oil
SAE 80 API “GL-4” Hypoid gear
oil
NOTE:
If gear oil is filled to the brim of the oil filler
hole, oil may start leaking from the differential
gear case breather hose. Therefore, check the
quantity of the oil, not its level.
CAUTION:
Take care not to allow foreign material to
enter the differential gear case.
R.
È
T.
7. Install:
• oil filler plug
23 Nm (2.3 m
· kg, 17 ft · lb)
CHECKING THE CONSTANT VELOCITY
JOINT DUST BOOTS
1. Check:
• dust boots 1
Damage → Replace.
Refer to “FRONT CONSTANT VELOCITY
JOINTS, DIFFERENTIAL GEAR AND
DRIVE SHAFT” in chapter 7.
È Front
É Rear
É
3 - 36
CHECKING THE STEERING SYSTEM/
ADJUSTING THE TOE-IN
CHK
ADJ
CHECKING THE STEERING SYSTEM
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Check:
• steering assembly bearings
Try to the steering wheel up and down, and
back and forth.
Excessive play → Replace the steering
shaft assembly.
3. Check:
• tie-rod ends
Turn the steering wheel to the left and right
until it stops completely, and then move the
steering wheel slightly in the opposite direction.
Tie-rod end(s) have vertical play → Replace
the tie-rod end(s).
4. Raise the front end of the vehicle so that
there is no weight on the front wheels.
5. Check:
• ball joints and/or wheel bearings
Move the wheels laterally back and forth.
Excessive free play → Replace the front
arms (upper and lower) and/or wheel bearings.
ADJUSTING THE TOE-IN
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Measure:
• toe-in
Out of specification → Adjust.
Toe-in
0 ~ 10 mm (0.00 ~ 0.39 in)
(with tires touching the ground)
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NOTE:
Before measuring the toe-in, make sure that
the tire pressure is correct.
a. Mark both front tire tread centers.
b. Face the steering wheel straight ahead.
3 - 37
ADJUSTING THE TOE-IN
CHK
ADJ
c. Measure distance È between the marks.
d. Rotate the front tires 180° until the marks
are exactly opposite one another.
e. Measure distance É between the marks.
f. Calculate the toe-in using the formula given
below.
Toe-in = É – È
g. If the toe-in is incorrect, adjust it.
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3. Adjust:
• toe-in
WARNING
• Be sure that both tie-rods are turned the
same amount. If not, the vehicle will drift
right or left even though the steering
wheel is positioned straight. This may
lead to mishandling and an accident.
• After setting the toe-in to specification,
run the vehicle slowly for some distance
with both hands lightly holding the steering wheel and check that the steering
wheel responds correctly. If not, turn
either the right or left tie-rod within the
toe-in specification.
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a. Mark both tie-rods ends.
This reference point will be needed during
adjustment.
b. Loosen the locknut (tie-rod end) 1 on each
tie-rod.
c. The same number of turns should be given
to both the right and left tie-rods 2 until the
specified toe-in is obtained. This is to keep
the length of the rods the same.
d. Tighten the rod end locknut on each tie-rod.
T.
Locknut (rod end)
40 Nm (4.0 m · kg, 29 ft · lb)
R.
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3 - 38
ADJUSTING THE FRONT SHOCK ABSORBERS/
ADJUSTING THE REAR SHOCK ABSORBERS
CHK
ADJ
ADJUSTING THE FRONT SHOCK
ABSORBERS
WARNING
Always adjust both shock absorber spring
preload to the same setting. Uneven adjustment can cause poor handling and loss of
stability.
NOTE:
The spring preload of the shock absorbers can
be adjusted to suit the operator’s preference,
weight, and the operating conditions.
1. Adjust:
• spring preload
Turn the adjuster 1 to increase or
decrease the spring preload.
Standard position: 2
Minimum (Soft) position: 1
Maximum (Hard) position: 5
ADJUSTING THE REAR SHOCK
ABSORBERS
WARNING
Always adjust both shock absorber spring
preload to the same setting. Uneven adjustment can cause poor handling and loss of
stability.
NOTE:
The spring preload of the shock absorbers can
be adjusted to suit the operator’s preference,
weight, and the operating conditions.
1. Adjust:
• spring preload
Turn the adjuster 1 to increase or
decrease the spring preload.
Standard position: 2
Minimum (Soft) position: 1
Maximum (Hard) position: 5
3 - 39
CHK
ADJ
CHECKING THE TIRES
CHECKING THE TIRES
WARNING
• TIRE CHARACTERISTICS
1) Tire characteristics influence the handling of vehicle’s. The tires listed below
have been approved by Yamaha Motor
Manufacturing corporation of America.
for this model. If other tire combinations
are used, they can adversely affect your
vehicle’s handling characteristics and
are therefore not recommended.
Manufacturer
Size
Type
Front GOODYEAR
25 × 8-12
NHS
Rawhide
RS
Rear
25 × 10-12
NHS
Rawhide
RS
GOODYEAR
• TIRE PRESSURE
1) Recommended tire pressure
Front 70 kPa (0.70 kg/cm2, 10 psi)
Rear 98 kPa (0.98 kg/cm2, 14 psi)
2) Tire pressure below the minimum specification could cause the tire to dislodge
from the rim under severe riding conditions.
The following are minimums:
Front 63 kPa (0.63 kg/cm2, 9 psi)
Rear 91 kPa (0.91 kg/cm2, 13 psi)
3) Use no more than
Front 250 kPa (2.5 kg/cm2, 36 psi)
Rear 250 kPa (2.5 kg/cm2, 36 psi)
when seating the tire beads. Higher
pressures may cause the tire to burst.
Inflate the tires slowly and carefully.
Fast inflation could cause the tire to
burst.
• MAXIMUM LOADING LIMIT
1) Vehicle loading limit (total weight of
cargo, operator, passenger and accessories, and tongue weight): 397 kg (876 lb)
2) Cargo bed: 181kg (400 lb)
3) Trailer hitch:
Pulling load (total weight of trailer and
cargo): 550 kg (1,212 lb)
Tongue weight (vertical weight on trailer
hitch point): 50 kg (110 lb)
Be extra careful of the vehicle balance and
stability when towing a trailer.
3 - 40
CHECKING THE TIRES
CHK
ADJ
1. Measure:
• tire pressure (cold tire pressure)
Out of specification → Adjust.
NOTE:
• The tire pressure gauge 1 is included as
standard equipment.
• If dust or the like is stuck to this gauge, it will
not provide the correct readings. Therefore,
take two measurements of the tire’s pressure
and use the second reading.
Cold tire
pressure
Front
Rear
Standard
70 kPa
(0.70 kg/cm2,
10 psi)
98 kPa
(0.98 kg/cm2,
14 psi)
Minimum
63 kPa
(0.63 kg/cm2,
9 psi)
91 kPa
(0.91 kg/cm2,
13 psi)
Maximum
77 kPa
(0.77 kg/cm2,
11 psi)
105 kPa
(1.05 kg/cm2,
15 psi)
WARNING
Uneven or improper tire pressure may
adversely affect the handling of this vehicle
and may cause loss of control.
• Maintain proper tire pressures.
• Set tire pressures when the tires are cold.
• Tire pressures must be equal in both front
tires and equal in both rear tires.
2. Check:
• tire surfaces
Wear/damage → Replace.
Tire wear limit a
Front and rear: 3.0 mm (0.12 in)
WARNING
It is dangerous to ride with a worn-out tire.
When tire wear is out of specification,
replace the tire immediately.
3 - 41
CHECKING THE WHEELS/
CHECKING AND LUBRICATING THE CABLES
CHK
ADJ
CHECKING THE WHEELS
1. Check:
• wheels 1
Damage/bends → Replace.
NOTE:
Always balance the wheel when a tire or wheel
has been changed or replaced.
WARNING
• Never attempt even small repairs to the
wheel.
• Ride conservatively after installing a tire
to allow it to seat itself properly on the
rim.
CHECKING AND LUBRICATING THE
CABLES
WARNING
A damaged cable sheath may cause corrosion and interfere with the cable movement. An unsafe condition may result so
replace a damaged cable as soon as possible.
1. Check:
• cable sheath
Damage → Replace.
2. Check:
• cable operation
Unsmooth operation → Lubricate or
replace.
Recommended lubricant
Yamaha chain and cable lube or
engine oil
NOTE:
Hold the cable end up and apply several drops
of lubricant to the cable.
3. Apply:
• lithium-soap-based grease
(onto end of the cable)
3 - 42
LUBRICATING THE PEDAL, ETC.
CHK
ADJ
LUBRICATING THE PEDAL, ETC.
1. Lubricate the pivoting parts.
Recommended lubricant
Lithium-soap-based grease
3 - 43
CHECKING AND CHARGING THE BATTERY
CHK
ADJ
EB305000
ELECTRICAL
CHECKING AND CHARGING THE
BATTERY
WARNING
_
Batteries generate explosive hydrogen gas
and contain electrolyte which is made of
poisonous and highly caustic sulfuric acid.
Therefore, always follow these preventive
measures:
• Wear protective eye gear when handling
or working near batteries.
• Charge batteries in a well-ventilated area.
• Keep batteries away from fire, sparks or
open flames (e.g., welding equipment,
lighted cigarettes).
• DO NOT SMOKE when charging or handling batteries.
• KEEP BATTERIES AND ELECTROLYTE
OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
• Avoid bodily contact with electrolyte as it
can cause severe burns or permanent eye
injury.
FIRST AID IN CASE OF BODILY CONTACT:
EXTERNAL
• Skin — Wash with water.
• Eyes — Flush with water for 15 minutes
and get immediate medical attention.
INTERNAL
• Drink large quantities of water or milk followed with milk of magnesia, beaten egg
or vegetable oil. Get immediate medical
attention.
CAUTION:
_
• This is a sealed battery. Never remove the
sealing caps because the balance
between cells will not be maintained and
battery performance will deteriorate.
• Charging time, charging amperage and
charging voltage for an MF battery are different from those of conventional batteries. The MF battery should be charged as
explained in the charging method illustrations. If the battery is overcharged, the
electrolyte level will drop considerably.
Therefore, take special care when charging the battery.
3 - 44
CHECKING AND CHARGING THE BATTERY
CHK
ADJ
NOTE:
Since MF batteries are sealed, it is not possible to check the charge state of the battery by
measuring the specific gravity of the electrolyte. Therefore, the charge of the battery has to
be checked by measuring the voltage at the
battery terminals.
_
1.
2.
•
3.
•
Lift the hood up.
Remove:
battery case cover
Disconnect:
battery leads
CAUTION:
_
First, disconnect the negative battery lead
1, and then the positive battery lead 2.
4.
•
5.
•
Remove:
battery
Check:
battery charge
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Connect a pocket tester to the battery terminals.
Positive tester probe →
positive battery terminal
Negative tester probe →
negative battery terminal
NOTE:
• The charge state of an MF battery can be
checked by measuring its open-circuit voltage (i.e., the voltage when the positive terminal is disconnected).
• No charging is necessary when the open-circuit voltage equals or exceeds 12.8 V.
Open-circuit voltage (V)
_
Relationship between the open-circuit voltage and the
charging time at 20 °C (68 °F)
b. Check the charge of the battery, as shown
in the charts and the following example.
Example
c. Open-circuit voltage = 12.0 V
d. Charging time = 6.5 hours
e. Charge of the battery = 20 ~ 30%
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
Charging time (hours)
These values vary with the temperature, the condition of the battery
plates, and the electrolyte level.
3 - 45
CHECKING AND CHARGING THE BATTERY
Ambient temperature
20 °C (68 °F)
Open-circuit voltage (V)
Charging
CHK
ADJ
6. Charge:
• battery
(refer to the appropriate charging method
illustration)
WARNING
_
Do not quick charge a battery.
Time (minutes)
Check the open-circuit
voltage.
CAUTION:
_
Open-circuit voltage (V)
Ambient
temperature
20 °C (68 °F)
Charging condition of the battery (%)
• Never remove the MF battery sealing
caps.
• Do not use a high-rate battery charger
since it forces a high-amperage current
into the battery quickly and can cause
battery overheating and battery plate
damage.
• If it is impossible to regulate the charging
current on the battery charger, be careful
not to overcharge the battery.
• When charging a battery, be sure to
remove it from the vehicle. (If charging
has to be done with the battery mounted
on the vehicle, disconnect the negative
battery lead from the battery terminal.)
• To reduce the chance of sparks, do not
plug in the battery charger until the battery charger leads are connected to the
battery.
• Before removing the battery charger lead
clips from the battery terminals, be sure
to turn off the battery charger.
• Make sure the battery charger lead clips
are in full contact with the battery terminal and that they are not shorted. A corroded battery charger lead clip may
generate heat in the contact area and a
weak clip spring may cause sparks.
• If the battery becomes hot to the touch at
any time during the charging process,
disconnect the battery charger and let the
battery cool before reconnecting it. Hot
batteries can explode!
• As shown in the following illustration, the
open-circuit voltage of an MF battery stabilizes about 30 minutes after charging
has been completed. Therefore, wait 30
minutes after charging is completed
before measuring the open-circuit voltage.
3 - 46
CHK
ADJ
CHECKING AND CHARGING THE BATTERY
Charging method using a variable-current (voltage) charger
NOTE:
Charger
Measure the open-circuit
voltage prior to charging.
Leave the battery unused for more
than 30 minutes before measuring
its open-circuit voltage.
Ammeter
NOTE:
Connect a charger and
ammeter to the battery and
start charging.
YES
Is the amperage higher
than the standard charging
amperage written on the
battery?
Set the charging voltage to 16 ~
17 V. (If the charging voltage is
lower, charging will be insufficient,
if it is higher, the battery will be
over-charged.)
NO
Adjust the charging voltage to
20 ~ 25 V.
Adjust the voltage to obtain the
standard charging amperage.
Monitor the amperage for 3 ~
5 minutes. Is the standard
charging amperage exceeded?
YES
NO
If the amperage does not
exceed the standard charging
amperage after 5 minutes,
replace the battery.
Set the timer to the charging
time determined by the opencircuit voltage.
Refer to “CHECKING AND
CHARGING THE BATTERY”.
If the required charging time exceeds 5 hours, it is advisable to check the
charging amperage after 5 hours. If there is any change in the amperage,
readjust the voltage to obtain the standard charging amperage.
Leave the battery unused for more than 30 minutes before measuring its
open-circuit voltage.
12.8 V → Charging is complete.
12.0 ~ 12.7 V → Recharging is required.
Under 12.0 V → Replace the battery.
3 - 47
CHECKING AND CHARGING THE BATTERY
CHK
ADJ
Charging method using a constant voltage charger
Measure the open-circuit
voltage prior to charging.
NOTE:
Leave the battery unused for
more than 30 minutes before
measuring its open-circuit voltage.
Connect a charger and
ammeter to the battery and
start charging.
YES
Is the amperage higher
than the standard charging
amperage written on the
battery?
Charge the battery until the charging
voltage reaches 15 V.
NO
This type of battery charger cannot
charge an MF battery. A variable
voltage charger is recommended.
NOTE:
Set the charging time to a maximum of 20 hours.
Charger
Leave the battery unused for more than 30
minutes before measuring its open-circuit
voltage.
12.8 V → Charging is complete.
12.0 ~ 12.7 V → Recharging is required.
Under 12.0 V → Replace the battery.
Voltmeter
CAUTION:
Constant amperage chargers
are not suitable for charging MF
batteries.
3 - 48
Ammeter
CHECKING AND CHARGING THE BATTERY/
CHECKING THE FUSES
7.
•
8.
•
CHK
ADJ
Install:
battery
Connect:
battery leads
CAUTION:
_
First, connect the positive battery lead 1,
and then the negative battery lead 2.
9. Check:
• battery terminals
Dirt → Clean with a wire brush.
Loose connection → Connect properly.
10.Lubricate:
• battery terminals
Recommended lubricant
Dielectric grease
11.Install:
• battery case cover
12.Close the hood.
CHECKING THE FUSES
CAUTION:
Always turn off the main switch when
checking or replacing a fuse. Otherwise, a
short circuit may occur.
1.
2.
•
3.
•
Lift the hood up.
Remove:
battery case cover
Check:
fuses
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Connect the pocket tester to the fuse and
check it for continuity.
NOTE:
Set the tester to the “Ω × 1” position.
Pocket tester
P/N. YU-03112-C, 90890-03112
b. If the tester indicates “∞”, replace the fuse.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
3 - 49
CHECKING THE FUSES
CHK
ADJ
4. Replace:
• blown fuse
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Turn off the ignition.
b. Install a new fuse of the proper amperage.
c. Turn on switches to verify operation of the
related electrical devices.
d. If the fuse immediately blows again, check
the electrical circuit.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
Description
Current rating
Quantity
Main
30 A
1
Lighting
system fuse
15 A
1
Ignition
10 A
1
Terminal
(Auxiliary
DC jack)
10 A
1
4WD (Fourwheel drive)
3A
1
Signaling
system fuse
10 A
1
Carburetor
heater fuse
10 A
1
Backup fuse
10 A
1
Reserve
30 A
1
Reserve
15 A
1
Reserve
10 A
1
Reserve
3A
1
WARNING
Never use a fuse with a rating other than
that specified. Never use other materials in
place of a fuse. An improper fuse may
cause extensive damage to the electrical
system, a malfunction of the lighting and
ignition systems and could possibly cause
a fire.
5. Install:
• battery case cover
6. Close the hood.
3 - 50
ADJUSTING THE HEADLIGHT BEAM/
CHANGING THE HEADLIGHT BULB
CHK
ADJ
ADJUSTING THE HEADLIGHT BEAM
1. Adjust:
• headlight beam (vertically)
Turn the adjuster 1 in or out.
Turning in
Headlight beam raised.
Turning out
Headlight beam lowered.
CHANGING THE HEADLIGHT BULB
1. Lift the hood up.
2. Remove:
• headlight bulb holder cover 1
3. Remove:
• headlight bulb holder (with bulb) 1
• bulb
NOTE:
Remove the defective bulb by unhooking the
headlight bulb holder tabs 2.
WARNING
Keep flammable products and your hands
away from the bulb while it is on, since it
will be hot. Do not touch the bulb until it
cools down.
4. Install:
• bulb New
Secure the new bulb with the headlight bulb
holder.
CAUTION:
Avoid touching the glass part of the bulb.
Keep it free from oil; otherwise, the transparency of the glass, life of the bulb, and
luminous flux will be adversely affected. If
oil gets on the bulb, thoroughly clean it
with a cloth moistened with alcohol or lacquer thinner.
3 - 51
CHANGING THE HEADLIGHT BULB/
CHANGING THE TAIL/BRAKE LIGHT BULB
5.
•
•
6.
CHK
ADJ
Install:
headlight bulb holder (with bulb)
headlight bulb holder cover
Close the hood.
CHANGING THE TAIL/BRAKE LIGHT BULB
1. Remove:
• cargo bed panel 1
2. Remove:
• tail/brake light bulb holder (with bulb) 1
• bulb
NOTE:
Turn the bulb holder counterclockwise and
remove the defective bulb.
WARNING
Keep flammable products and your hands
away from the bulb while it is on, since it
will be hot. Do not touch the bulb until it
cools down.
3. Install:
• bulb New
Secure the new bulb with the tail/brake light
bulb holder.
CAUTION:
Avoid touching the glass part of the bulb.
Keep it free from oil; otherwise, the transparency of the glass, life of the bulb, and
luminous flux will be adversely affected. If
oil gets on the bulb, thoroughly clean it
with a cloth moistened with alcohol or lacquer thinner.
3 - 52
CHANGING THE TAIL/BRAKE LIGHT BULB
4.
•
5.
•
Install:
tail/brake light bulb holder (with bulb)
Install:
cargo bed panel
7 Nm (0.7 m · kg, 5.1 ft · lb)
T.
R.
3 - 53
CHK
ADJ
ENGINE REMOVAL
ENG
ENGINE
ENGINE REMOVAL
AIR DUCTS, MUFFLER AND EXHAUST PIPE
T.
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
R.
(6)
T.
R.
1
10 Nm (1.0 m • kg, 7.2 ft • Ib)
7
8
3
4
T.
5
R.
10 Nm (1.0 m • kg, 7.2 ft • Ib)
6
New
2
T.
R.
New 5
T.
20 Nm (2.0 m • kg, 14 ft • Ib)
R.
14 Nm (1.4 m • kg, 10 ft • Ib)
T.
R.
11 Nm (1.1 m • kg, 8.0 ft • Ib)
6
Order
Job/Part
Removing the air ducts, muffler and
exhaust pipe
Engine oil
Q’ty
Coolant
Driver seat/passenger seat/console/air
duct end cover/left protector
Engine cooling fan air duct assembly
Carburetor assembly/air filter case
4-1
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Drain.
Refer to “CHANGING THE ENGINE OIL”
in chapter 3.
Drain.
Refer to “CHANGING THE COOLANT” in
chapter 3.
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
Refer to “ENGINE COOLING FAN AND
A.C. MAGNETO”.
Refer to “CARBURETOR” in chapter 6.
4
ENGINE REMOVAL
T.
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
R.
(6)
T.
R.
1
ENG
10 Nm (1.0 m • kg, 7.2 ft • Ib)
7
8
3
4
T.
5
R.
10 Nm (1.0 m • kg, 7.2 ft • Ib)
6
New
2
T.
R.
New 5
T.
20 Nm (2.0 m • kg, 14 ft • Ib)
R.
14 Nm (1.4 m • kg, 10 ft • Ib)
T.
R.
11 Nm (1.1 m • kg, 8.0 ft • Ib)
6
Order
Job/Part
Q’ty
Fuel tank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Heat protector
Muffler stay
Muffler damper
Muffler bracket
Muffler/gasket
Exhaust pipe/gasket
Air duct assembly 1
Air duct assembly 2
Remarks
Refer to “FUEL PUMP AND FUEL TANK”
in chapter 6.
1
1
1
1
1/1
1/2
1
1
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
4-2
ENGINE REMOVAL
ENG
SELECT LEVER UNIT AND COOLANT RESERVOIR
3
T.
R.
14 Nm (1.4 m • kg, 10 ft • Ib)
T.
R.
1
2
Job/Part
Removing the select lever unit and
coolant reservoir
Shift arm
Select lever shift rod
Q’ty
1
1
R.
R.
1
2
15 Nm (1.5 m • kg, 11 ft • Ib)
T.
T.
Order
15 Nm (1.5 m • kg, 11 ft • Ib)
15 Nm (1.5 m • kg, 11 ft • Ib)
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
CAUTION:
The select lever shift rod locknut
(select lever side) has left-handed
threads. To loosen the locknut, turn it
clockwise.
3
Select lever unit
1
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
4-3
ENGINE REMOVAL
ENG
HOSES AND LEADS
5
2
6
7
8
9
13
1
4
14
12
3
10
.
R.
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Job/Part
Removing the hoses and leads
Water pump inlet hose
Coolant outlet hose
Oil inlet hose
Oil outlet hose
Vacuum hose
Spark plug lead
Crankcase breather hose
Thermo switch 1 lead
Starter motor lead
A.C. magneto lead coupler
Speed sensor lead coupler
Gear position switch lead coupler
Q’ty
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
4-4
10 Nm (1.0 m • kg, 7.2 ft • Ib)
11
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Disconnect.
Disconnect.
Disconnect.
Disconnect.
Disconnect.
Disconnect.
Disconnect.
Disconnect.
Disconnect.
Disconnect.
ENGINE REMOVAL
ENG
5
2
6
7
8
9
13
1
4
14
12
3
10
.
R.
Order
13
14
Job/Part
Reverse switch lead
Engine ground lead
10 Nm (1.0 m • kg, 7.2 ft • Ib)
11
Q’ty
Remarks
1
Green/White
1
Disconnect.
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
4-5
ENGINE REMOVAL
ENG
ENGINE MOUNTING BOLTS
Order
Job/Part
Removing the engine mounting
bolts
Front skid plate/center skid plate/rear
skid plate
Rear wheels
Q’ty
Final drive gear assembly
4-6
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
Refer to “REAR WHEELS AND BRAKE
DISC” in chapter 8.
Refer to “REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY
JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE GEAR AND
DRIVE SHAFT” in chapter 7.
ENGINE REMOVAL
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Job/Part
Rubber damper nut (rear)
Engine mounting bolt (front-upper)
Engine mounting bolt (front-lower)/nut
Engine assembly
Rubber damper nut (front)
Rubber damper (front)
Rubber damper (rear)
Engine mounting bolt (rear)
Engine bracket (left)
Engine bracket (right)
Q’ty
2
2
1/1
1
2
2
2
4
1
1
4-7
ENG
Remarks
NOTE:
Remove the engine assembly from the
top of the vehicle.
CAUTION:
Install all of the bolts/nuts and then
tighten them to full torque specifications.
Refer to “INSTALLING THE ENGINE”.
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
ENGINE REMOVAL
ENG
INSTALLING THE ENGINE
1. Install:
• engine mounting bolt (rear) 1
• rubber damper (rear) 2
• rubber damper nut (front) 3
• engine assembly 4
• engine mounting bolt (front lower)/nut 5
• engine mounting bolt (front upper) 6
• rubber damper nut (rear) 7
NOTE:
Do not fully tighten the bolts and nuts.
2. Tighten:
• engine mounting bolt (rear) 1
T.
R.
33 Nm (3.3 m · kg, 24 ft · lb)
• rubber damper nut (front) 3
T.
R.
52 Nm (5.2 m · kg, 37 ft · lb)
T.
• engine mounting bolt (M10, front lower)/nut
5
56 Nm (5.6 m · kg, 40 ft · lb)
• engine mounting bolt (M6, front upper) 6
R.
T.
R.
10 Nm (1.0 m · kg, 7.2 ft · lb)
• rubber damper nut (rear) 7
T.
R.
4-8
52 Nm (5.2 m · kg, 37 ft · lb)
CYLINDER HEAD COVER
ENG
CYLINDER HEAD COVER
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Job/Part
Removing the cylinder head cover
Driver seat/passenger seat/console
Q’ty
air shroud 1/engine cooling fan/timing
plug
Union bolt
Copper washer
Oil delivery pipe 3
Oil delivery pipe 2
Spark plug
Tappet cover (intake)
Tappet cover (exhaust)
3
7
1
1
1
1
2
4-9
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
Refer to “ADJUSTING THE VALVE
CLEARANCE” in chapter 3.
CYLINDER HEAD COVER
Order
8
9
Job/Part
Cylinder head cover
Dowel pin
ENG
Q’ty
Remarks
1
Refer to “REMOVING THE CYLINDER
HEAD COVER” and “INSTALLING THE
CYLINDER HEAD COVER”.
2
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
4 - 10
CYLINDER HEAD COVER
1
2
ENG
REMOVING THE CYLINDER HEAD COVER
1. Align:
• “I” mark
(with stationary pointer)
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Turn the crankshaft counterclockwise with a
wrench.
b. Align the “I” mark 1 on the rotor with the
stationary pointer 2 on the A.C. magneto
cover. When the “I” mark is aligned with the
stationary pointer, the piston is at the Top
Dead Center (TDC).
NOTE:
• When the piston is at the top dead center
(TDC) on the compression stroke, there
should be clearance between the valve stem
tips and their respective rocker arm adjusting
screws.
• If there is no clearance, rotate the crankshaft
counterclockwise one turn.
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2. Remove:
• cylinder head cover
NOTE:
Loosen each bolt 1/4 of a turn at a time, in
stages and in a crisscross pattern. After all the
bolts are loosened, remove them.
CHECKING THE CYLINDER HEAD COVER
1. Check:
• cylinder head cover
Cracks/damage → Replace the cylinder
head cover and cylinder head as a set.
CHECKING THE TAPPET COVERS
1. Check:
• tappet cover (intake) 1
• tappet cover (exhaust) 2
Cracks/damage → Replace.
• O-rings 3 New
4 - 11
CYLINDER HEAD COVER
ENG
INSTALLING THE CYLINDER HEAD COVER
1. Apply:
• sealant (Quick Gasket®) 1
(to the mating surfaces of the cylinder head
and cylinder head cover)
Sealant (Quick Gasket®)
P/N. ACC-11001-05-01
Yamaha bond No. 1215
P/N. 90890-85505
Install:
cylinder head cover
washers 1
10 Nm (1.0 m · kg, 7.2 ft · lb)
bolts
R.
2 Bolt:
3 Bolt:
4 Bolt:
5 Bolt:
6 Bolt:
7 Bolt:
T.
2.
•
•
•
= 25 mm
= 40 mm
= 55 mm
= 55 mm
= 115 mm
= 130 mm
NOTE:
Tighten the cylinder head cover bolts in
stages, using a crisscross pattern.
4 - 12
ROCKER ARMS
ENG
ROCKER ARMS
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Job/Part
Removing the rocker arms
Cylinder head cover
Plug/O-ring
Rocker arm shaft stopper
Rocker arm shaft 2
Rocker arm 3
Rocker arm shaft 3/O-ring
Rocker arm 4
Rocker arm shaft 1/O-ring
Rocker arm 1
Rocker arm 2
Q’ty
1/1
2
1
1
1/1
1
1/1
1
1
4 - 13
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “CYLINDER HEAD COVER”.
Refer to “REMOVING THE ROCKER
ARMS” and “INSTALLING THE
ROCKER ARMS”.
ROCKER ARMS
Order
10
11
12
Job/Part
Wave washer
Locknut
Valve adjuster
Q’ty
4
5
5
ENG
Remarks
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
4 - 14
ROCKER ARMS
ENG
REMOVING THE ROCKER ARMS
1. Remove:
• rocker arm shafts 1
• rocker arms 2
NOTE:
Use a slide hammer bolt 3 and weight 4 to
remove the rocker arm shafts.
Slide hammer set
P/N. YU-01083-A
Slide hammer bolt (M6)
P/N. 90890-01083
Weight
P/N. 90890-01084
CHECKING THE ROCKER ARMS
1. Check:
• rocker arm lobes 1
• valve adjusters 2
Blue discoloration/pitting/scratches →
Replace.
2. Check:
• rocker arms
• rocker arm shafts
Damage/wear → Replace.
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a. Check the two contact areas on the rocker
arms for signs of abnormal wear.
1) Rocker arm shaft hole
2) Camshaft lobe contact surface
Excessive wear → Replace.
b. Check the surface of the rocker arm shafts.
Blue discoloration/pitting/scratches →
Replace/check lubrication.
c. Measure the inside diameter a of the
rocker arm holes.
Out of specification → Replace.
Rocker arm inside diameter
12.000 ~ 12.018 mm
(0.4724 ~ 0.4731 in)
4 - 15
ROCKER ARMS
ENG
d. Measure the outside diameter b of the
rocker arm shafts.
Out of specification → Replace.
Rocker arm shaft outside diameter
11.976 ~ 11.991 mm
(0.4715 ~ 0.4721 in)
e. Calculate the clearance by subtracting the
rocker arm shaft outside diameter from the
rocker arm inside diameter.
Out of specification → Replace the defective part(s).
Rocker arm to shaft standard
clearance
0.009 ~ 0.042 mm
(0.0004 ~ 0.0017 in)
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INSTALLING THE ROCKER ARMS
1. Install:
• rocker arms 1
• rocker arm shafts 2
NOTE:
• The thread hole a of the rocker arm shaft
must face to the outside.
• After installation, make sure that the thread
hole a of the rocker arm shaft is positioned
correctly, as shown in the illustration.
4 - 16
CAMSHAFT AND CYLINDER HEAD
ENG
CAMSHAFT AND CYLINDER HEAD
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
Job/Part
Removing the camshaft and cylinder head
Carburetor
Coolant outlet joint breather hose
Muffler/exhaust pipe/thermo switch 1
lead
Cylinder head cover
Timing chain tensioner cap bolt
Timing chain tensioner/gasket
Timing chain guide (exhaust side)
Decompressor cam guide plate
Camshaft sprocket
Camshaft
Q’ty
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “CARBURETOR” in chapter 6.
Refer to “WATER PUMP” in chapter 5.
Refer to “ENGINE REMOVAL”.
Refer to “CYLINDER HEAD COVER”.
1
1/1
1
2
1
1
4 - 17
Refer to “REMOVING THE CAMSHAFT
AND CYLINDER HEAD” and “INSTALLING THE CAMSHAFT AND CYLINDER
HEAD”.
CAMSHAFT AND CYLINDER HEAD
Order
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Job/Part
Thermo switch 1
Cylinder head
Coolant outlet joint
Gasket
Cylinder head gasket
Dowel pin
Intake manifold
Q’ty
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
ENG
Remarks
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
4 - 18
CAMSHAFT AND CYLINDER HEAD
ENG
REMOVING THE CAMSHAFT AND
CYLINDER HEAD
1. Loosen:
• camshaft sprocket bolts 1
2. Loosen:
• timing chain tensioner cap bolt
3. Remove:
• timing chain tensioner
• timing chain guide (exhaust side)
• decompressor cam guide plates
• camshaft sprocket
• camshaft
NOTE:
• Fasten a safety wire to the timing chain to
prevent it from falling into the crankcase.
• When removing the camshaft sprocket, it is
not necessary to separate the timing chain.
4. Remove:
• cylinder head
NOTE:
• Loosen the bolts in the proper sequence.
• Follow the numerical order shown in the illustration. Loosen each bolt 1/4 of a turn at a
time until all of the bolts are loose.
CHECKING THE CAMSHAFT
1. Check:
• cam lobes
Pitting/scratches/blue discoloration →
Replace.
2. Measure:
• cam lobe dimensions a and b
Out of specification → Replace.
Camshaft lobe limit
Intake
a 35.59 mm (1.4012 in)
b 29.96 mm (1.1795 in)
Exhaust
a 36.40 mm (1.4331 in)
b 30.01 mm (1.1815 in)
4 - 19
CAMSHAFT AND CYLINDER HEAD
ENG
CHECKING THE CAMSHAFT SPROCKET
1. Check:
• camshaft sprocket
Wear/damage → Replace the camshaft
sprocket and timing chain as a set.
a 1/4 of a tooth
b Correct
1 Timing chain
2 Sprocket
CHECKING THE DECOMPRESSION
SYSTEM
1. Check:
• decompression system
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
Check while the camshaft sprocket is installed
on the camshaft.
a. Check that the decompressor lever pin 1
projects from the camshaft.
b. Check that the decompressor cam 2
moves smoothly.
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CHECKING THE TIMING CHAIN GUIDE
(EXHAUST SIDE)
1. Check:
• timing chain guide (exhaust side)
Wear/damage → Replace.
CHECKING THE TIMING CHAIN
TENSIONER
1. Check:
• timing chain tensioner
Cracks/damage/rough movement →
Replace.
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a. Lightly press the timing chain tensioner rod
into the timing chain tensioner housing by
hand.
NOTE:
While pressing the timing chain tensioner rod,
wind it clockwise with a thin screwdriver 1
until it stops.
4 - 20
CAMSHAFT AND CYLINDER HEAD
ENG
b. Removing the screwdriver and slowly
release the timing chain tensioner rod.
c. Make sure that the timing chain tensioner
rod comes out of the timing chain tensioner
housing smoothly. If there is rough movement, replace the timing chain tensioner.
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CHECKING THE CYLINDER HEAD
1. Eliminate:
• carbon deposits (from the combustion
chamber)
Use a rounded scraper.
NOTE:
Do not use a sharp instrument to avoid damaging or scratching:
• spark plug threads
• valve seats
2. Check:
• cylinder head
Scratches/damage → Replace the cylinder
head cover and cylinder head as a set.
• cylinder head water jacket
Mineral deposits/rust → Eliminate.
3. Measure:
• cylinder head warpage
Out of specification → Resurface.
Cylinder head warpage
Less than 0.03 mm (0.0012 in)
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a. Place a straightedge and a thickness gauge
across the cylinder head.
b. Use a thickness gauge to measure the
warpage.
c. If the warpage is out of specification, resurface the cylinder head.
4 - 21
CAMSHAFT AND CYLINDER HEAD
ENG
d. Place a 400 ~ 600 grit wet sandpaper on
the surface plate, and resurface the head
using a figure-eight sanding pattern.
NOTE:
To ensure an even surface rotate the cylinder
head several times.
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INSTALLING THE CAMSHAFT AND
CYLINDER HEAD
1. Install:
• cylinder head gasket New
• cylinder head
• bolts (M9: 1 ~ 6)
T.
R.
T.
R.
• bolt (M6: 7)
38 Nm (3.8 m · kg, 27 ft · lb)
10 Nm (1.0 m · kg, 7.2 ft · lb)
NOTE:
• Tighten the bolts in the proper sequence.
• Follow the numerical order shown in the illustration. Tighten the bolts in two stages.
1
2
2. Install:
• camshaft
• camshaft sprocket
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Turn the crankshaft counterclockwise with a
wrench.
b. Align the “I” mark 1 on the rotor with the
stationary pointer 2 on the A.C. magneto
cover. When the “I” mark is aligned with the
stationary pointer, the piston is at the Top
Dead Center (TDC).
CAUTION:
Do not turn the crankshaft during the camshaft installation.
4 - 22
CAMSHAFT AND CYLINDER HEAD
ENG
c. Temporarily install the camshaft sprocket on
the camshaft. (Do not install the bolts.)
Then, install the timing chain on the camshaft sprocket.
NOTE:
Make sure the small holes 3 on the camshaft
face upward.
d. Align the notches 4 on the decompressor
cams with the projections 5 on the decompressor spring lever, then install the camshaft sprocket on the camshaft.
NOTE:
Check that each part is positioned as shown in
the illustration.
6 Small holes on camshaft sprocket
7 Punch mark on decompressor spring lever
8 Top front of cylinder head
e. Install the decompressor cam guide plates
9 and camshaft sprocket bolts 0.
T.
Camshaft sprocket bolt
20 Nm (2.0 m · kg, 14 ft · lb)
R.
NOTE:
Insert a screwdriver into the timing chain tensioner hole and push the timing chain guide
(intake side) inward.
f. Remove the retaining wire.
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3. Install:
• timing chain guide (exhaust side)
4. Install:
• timing chain tensioner
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a. Lightly press the timing chain tensioner rod
into the timing chain tensioner housing by
hand.
b. While pressing the timing chain tensioner
rod, wind it clockwise with a thin screwdriver
1 until it stops.
4 - 23
CAMSHAFT AND CYLINDER HEAD
ENG
c. With the screwdriver still inserted into the
timing chain tensioner, install the timing
chain tensioner and gasket onto the cylinder block. Then, tighten the timing chain
tensioner bolts to the specified torque.
WARNING
Always use a new gasket.
NOTE:
The “UP” mark on the timing chain tensioner
should face up.
T.
Timing chain tensioner bolt
10 Nm (1.0 m · kg, 7.2 ft · lb)
R.
d. Remove the screwdriver, make sure that the
timing chain tensioner rod releases, and
tighten the cap bolt to the specified torque.
T.
Timing chain tensioner cap bolt
7 Nm (0.7 m · kg, 5.7 ft · lb)
R.
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5. Check:
• small holes on camshaft sprocket
• rotor “I” mark
Out of alignment → Adjust.
4 - 24
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS
ENG
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Job/Part
Removing the valves and valve
springs
Cylinder head
Valve cotter
Valve spring retainer
Intake valve spring
Exhaust valve spring
Intake valve
Exhaust valve
Valve stem seal
Valve spring seat
Q’ty
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “CAMSHAFT AND CYLINDER
HEAD”.
10
5
3
2
3
2
5
5
Refer to “REMOVING THE VALVES
AND VALVE SPRINGS” and “INSTALLING THE VALVES AND VALVE
SPRINGS”.
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
4 - 25
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS
ENG
REMOVING THE VALVES AND VALVE
SPRINGS
1. Check:
• valve sealing
Leakage at the valve seat → Check the
valve face, valve seat and valve seat width.
Refer to “CHECKING THE VALVES AND
VALVE SPRINGS”.
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a. Pour a clean solvent 1 into the intake and
exhaust ports.
b. Check that the valve seals properly.
There should be no leakage at the valve
seat 2.
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2. Remove:
• valve cotters
NOTE:
Attach a valve spring compressor 1 and valve
spring compressor attachment 2 between the
valve spring retainer and the cylinder head to
remove the valve cotters.
Valve spring compressor set
P/N. YM-04019
Valve spring compressor
P/N. 90890-04019
Valve spring compressor attachment
P/N. YM-01253-1, 90890-01243
4 - 26
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS
ENG
CHECKING THE VALVES AND VALVE
SPRINGS
1. Measure:
• stem-to-guide clearance
Stem-to-guide clearance =
valve guide inside diameter a –
valve stem diameter b
Out of specification → Replace the valve
guide.
Stem-to-guide clearance
Intake
0.010 ~ 0.037 mm
(0.0004 ~ 0.0015 in)
<Limit>: 0.08 mm (0.0031 in)
Exhaust
0.025 ~ 0.052 mm
(0.0010 ~ 0.0020 in)
<Limit>: 0.10 mm (0.0039 in)
2. Replace:
• valve guide
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NOTE:
To ease guide removal, installation and to
maintain correct fit, heat the cylinder head to
100 °C (212 °F) in an oven.
a. Remove the valve guide using a valve guide
remover 1.
b. Install the new valve guide using a valve
guide remover 1 and valve guide installer
2.
c. After installing the valve guide, bore the
valve guide using a valve guide reamer 3
to obtain proper stem-to-guide clearance.
Valve guide remover (ø 6)
P/N. YM-04064-A, 90890-04064
Valve guide installer (ø 6)
P/N. YM-04065-A, 90890-04065
Valve guide reamer (ø 6)
P/N. YM-04066, 90890-04066
NOTE:
After replacing the valve guide reface the valve
seat.
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4 - 27
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS
ENG
3. Check:
• valve face
Pitting/wear → Grind the face.
• valve stem end
Mushroom shape or diameter larger than
the body of the stem → Replace.
4. Measure:
• margin thickness a
Out of specification → Replace.
Margin thickness
Intake
0.85 ~ 1.15 mm
(0.0335 ~ 0.0453 in)
Exhaust
0.85 ~ 1.15 mm
(0.0335 ~ 0.0453 in)
5. Measure:
• valve stem runout
Out of specification → Replace.
Runout limit
0.01 mm (0.0004 in)
NOTE:
• When installing a new valve always replace
the guide.
• If the valve is removed or replaced always
replace the oil seal.
6. Eliminate:
• carbon deposits
(from the valve face and valve seat)
7. Check:
• valve seats
Pitting/wear → Reface the valve seat.
4 - 28
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS
ENG
8. Measure:
• valve seat width a
Out of specification → Reface the valve
seat.
Valve seat width
Intake
0.9 ~ 1.1 mm
(0.0354 ~ 0.0433 in)
<Limit>: 1.6 mm (0.0630 in)
Exhaust
0.9 ~ 1.1 mm
(0.0354 ~ 0.0433 in)
<Limit>: 1.6 mm (0.0630 in)
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a. Apply Mechanic’s blueing dye (Dykem) b to
the valve face.
b. Install the valve into the cylinder head.
c. Press the valve through the valve guide and
onto the valve seat to make a clear pattern.
d. Measure the valve seat width. Where the
valve seat and valve face made contact,
blueing will have been removed.
e. If the valve seat is too wide, too narrow, or
the seat is not centered, the valve seat must
be refaced.
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9. Lap:
• valve face
• valve seat
NOTE:
After refacing the valve seat or replacing the
valve and valve guide, the valve seat and
valve face should be lapped.
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a. Apply a coarse lapping compound to the
valve face.
CAUTION:
Do not let the compound enter the gap
between the valve stem and the guide.
b. Apply molybdenum disulfide oil to the valve
stem.
4 - 29
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS
ENG
c. Install the valve into the cylinder head.
d. Turn the valve until the valve face and valve
seat are evenly polished, then clean off all
of the compound.
NOTE:
For best lapping results, lightly tap the valve
seat while rotating the valve back and forth
between your hands.
e. Apply a fine lapping compound to the valve
face and repeat the above steps.
NOTE:
After every lapping operation be sure to clean
off all of the compound from the valve face and
valve seat.
f. Apply Mechanic’s blueing dye (Dykem) to
the valve face.
g. Install the valve into the cylinder head.
h. Press the valve through the valve guide and
onto the valve seat to make a clear pattern.
i. Measure the valve seat width again. If the
valve seat width is out of specification,
reface and relap the valve seat.
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10.Measure:
• valve spring free length a
Out of specification → Replace.
Valve spring free length
Intake
32.63 mm (1.28 in)
<Limit>: 31.0 mm (1.22 in)
Exhaust
36.46 mm (1.44 in)
<Limit>: 34.6 mm (1.36 in)
4 - 30
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS
ENG
11.Measure:
• compressed spring force a
Out of specification → Replace.
b Installed length
Compressed spring force
Intake
100.0 ~ 115.7 N at 27.5 mm
(10.20 ~ 11.80 kg,
22.49 ~ 26.01 lb at 1.08 in)
Exhaust
120.6 ~ 138.3 N at 31.0 mm
(12.30 ~ 14.10 kg,
27.12 ~ 31.09 lb at 1.22 in)
12.Measure:
• spring tilt a
Out of specification → Replace.
Spring tilt limit
Intake
2.5°/1.4 mm (0.055 in)
Exhaust
2.5°/1.6 mm (0.063 in)
INSTALLING THE VALVES AND VALVE
SPRINGS
1. Apply:
• molybdenum disulfide oil
(onto the valve stem and valve stem seal)
2. Install:
• valve spring seats
• valve stem seals New
• valves
• valve springs
• valve spring retainers
NOTE:
Install the valve springs with the larger pitch a
facing upwards.
b Smaller pitch
4 - 31
VALVES AND VALVE SPRINGS
ENG
3. Install:
• valve cotters
NOTE:
Install the valve cotters while compressing the
valve spring with the valve spring compressor
1 and valve spring compressor attachment
2.
Valve spring compressor set
P/N. YM-04019
Valve spring compressor
P/N. 90890-04019
Valve spring compressor attachment
P/N. YM-01253-1, 90890-01243
4. To secure the valve cotters onto the valve
stem, lightly tap the valve tip with a piece of
wood.
CAUTION:
Hitting the valve tip with excessive force
could damage the valve.
4 - 32
CYLINDER AND PISTON
ENG
CYLINDER AND PISTON
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Job/Part
Removing the cylinder and piston
Water pump outlet hose
Cylinder head
Q’ty
Coolant inlet joint
Cylinder/O-ring
Cylinder gasket
Dowel pin
Piston pin clip
Piston pin
Piston
Piston ring set
1
1/1
1
2
2
1
1
1
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “WATER PUMP” in chapter 5.
Refer to “CAMSHAFT AND CYLINDER
HEAD”.
Refer to “INSTALLING THE CYLINDER”.
Refer to “REMOVING THE PISTON”
and “INSTALLING THE PISTON”.
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
4 - 33
CYLINDER AND PISTON
ENG
REMOVING THE PISTON
1. Remove:
• piston pin clips 1
• piston pin 2
• piston 3
NOTE:
Before removing piston pin, deburr the clip
groove and pin hole area. If the piston pin
groove is deburred and the piston pin is still
difficult to remove, use the piston pin puller 4.
Piston pin puller
P/N. YU-01304, 90890-01304
CAUTION:
Do not use a hammer to drive the piston
pin out.
2. Remove:
• piston rings
NOTE:
Spread the end gaps apart while at the same
time lifting the piston ring over the top of the
piston crown.
CHECKING THE CYLINDER AND PISTON
1. Check:
• cylinder and piston walls
Vertical scratches → Rebore or replace the
cylinder and the piston.
2. Measure:
• piston-to-cylinder clearance
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
1st step:
a. Measure the cylinder bore “C” with a cylinder bore gauge 1.
a 50 mm (2.0 in) from the top of the cylinder
NOTE:
Measure cylinder bore “C” in parallel to and at
right angles to the cylinder matching surface.
Then, find the average of the measurements.
4 - 34
CYLINDER AND PISTON
Cylinder
bore “C”
ENG
Standard
Wear limit
100.005 ~
100.055 mm
(3.9372 ~
3.9392 in)
100.10 mm
(3.9410 in)
C=
X+Y
2
b. If out of specification, rebore or replace the
cylinder, and replace the piston and piston
rings as a set.
2nd step:
a. Measure piston skirt diameter “P” with a
micrometer.
b 2.5 mm (0.10 in) from the piston bottom edge
Piston skirt diameter “P”
Standard
99.945 ~ 99.995 mm
(3.9348 ~ 3.9368 in)
b. If out of specification, replace the piston and
piston rings as a set.
3rd step:
a. Find the piston-to-cylinder clearance with
the following formula.
Piston-to-cylinder clearance =
Cylinder bore “C” –
Piston skirt diameter “P”
Piston-to-cylinder clearance
0.050 ~ 0.070 mm
(0.0020 ~ 0.0028 in)
<Limit>: 0.15 mm (0.0059 in)
b. If out of specification, rebore or replace the
cylinder, and replace the piston and piston
rings as a set.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
4 - 35
CYLINDER AND PISTON
ENG
CHECKING THE PISTON RINGS
1. Measure:
• ring side clearance
Use a thickness gauge.
Out of specification → Replace the piston
and rings as a set.
NOTE:
Clean carbon from the piston ring grooves and
rings before measuring the side clearance.
Side clearance
Standard
Limit
Top ring
0.04 ~ 0.08 mm
0.13 mm
(0.0016 ~ 0.0031 in) (0.0051 in)
2nd ring
0.03 ~ 0.07 mm
0.13 mm
(0.0012 ~ 0.0028 in) (0.0051 in)
2. Position:
• piston ring
(in cylinder)
NOTE:
Insert a ring into the cylinder and push it
approximately 50 mm (2.0 in) into the cylinder.
Push the ring with the piston crown so that the
ring will be at a right angle to the cylinder bore.
a 50 mm (2.0 in)
3. Measure:
• ring end gap
Out of specification → Replace.
NOTE:
You cannot measure the end gap on the
expander spacer of the oil control ring. If the oil
control ring rails show excessive gap, replace
all three rings.
End gap
Standard
4 - 36
Limit
Top ring
0.30 ~ 0.45 mm
0.70 mm
(0.0118 ~ 0.0177 in) (0.0276 in)
2nd ring
0.30 ~ 0.45 mm
0.80 mm
(0.0118 ~ 0.0177 in) (0.0315 in)
Oil ring
0.20 ~ 0.70 mm
(0.0079 ~ 0.0276 in)
—
CYLINDER AND PISTON
ENG
CHECKING THE PISTON PIN
1. Check:
• piston pin
Blue discoloration/grooves → Replace, then
check the lubrication system.
2. Measure:
• piston pin-to-piston clearance
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Measure the piston pin outside diameter a.
If out of specification, replace the piston pin.
Piston pin outside diameter
21.991 ~ 22.000 mm
(0.8658 ~ 0.8661 in)
<Limit>: 21.971 mm (0.8650 in)
b. Measure the piston pin bore inside diameter
b.
Piston pin bore inside diameter
22.004 ~ 22.015 mm
(0.8663 ~ 0.8667 in)
<Limit>: 22.045 mm (0.8679 in)
c. Calculate the piston pin-to-piston clearance
with the following formula.
Piston pin-to-piston clearance =
Piston pin bore inside diameter b –
Piston pin outside diameter a
d. If out of specification, replace the piston.
Piston pin-to-piston clearance
0.004 ~ 0.024 mm
(0.00016 ~ 0.00094 in)
<Limit>: 0.074 mm (0.00291 in)
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
INSTALLING THE PISTON
1. Install:
• piston rings
(onto the piston)
NOTE:
• Be sure to install the piston rings so that the
manufacturer’s marks or numbers are
located on the upper side of the rings.
• Lubricate the piston and piston rings liberally
with engine oil.
4 - 37
CYLINDER AND PISTON
2.
•
•
•
ENG
Position:
top ring
2nd ring
oil ring
Offset the piston ring end gaps as shown.
a Top ring end
b Upper oil ring rail end
C Oil ring expander end
d Lower oil ring rail end
e 2nd ring end
f 20 mm (0.79 in)
3.
•
•
•
Install:
piston 1
piston pin 2
piston pin clips 3 New
NOTE:
• Apply engine oil onto the piston pin, piston
rings and piston.
• Be sure that the arrow mark a on the piston
points to the exhaust side of the engine.
• Before installing the piston pin clip, cover the
crankcase with a clean rag to prevent the
piston pin clip from falling into the crankcase.
4.
•
•
•
Lubricate:
piston
piston rings
cylinder
NOTE:
Apply a liberal coating of engine oil.
4 - 38
CYLINDER AND PISTON
ENG
T.
INSTALLING THE CYLINDER
1. Install:
• cylinder
• O-ring New
42 Nm (4.2 m · kg, 30 ft · lb)
• bolts (M10)
10
Nm (1.0 m · kg, 7.2 ft · lb)
• bolts (M6)
R.
T.
R.
NOTE:
Install the cylinder with one hand while compressing the piston rings with the other hand.
CAUTION:
• Be careful not to damage the timing chain
guide during installation.
• Pass the timing chain through the timing
chain cavity.
4 - 39
ENGINE COOLING FAN AND A.C. MAGNETO
ENG
ENGINE COOLING FAN AND A.C. MAGNETO
Order
Job/Part
Removing the engine cooling fan
and A.C. magneto
Driver seat/passenger seat/console
Q’ty
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
Refer to “PRIMARY AND SECONDARY
SHEAVES”.
Drain.
Refer to “CHANGING THE ENGINE OIL”
in chapter 3.
Drain.
Refer to “CHANGING THE COOLANT” in
chapter 3.
Refer to “WATER PUMP” in chapter 5.
Drive belt cover
Engine oil
Coolant
1
2
Water pump assembly
Engine cooling fan air duct assembly
Air shroud 1
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
1
1
4 - 40
ENGINE COOLING FAN AND A.C. MAGNETO
Order
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
Job/Part
Engine cooling fan
Air shroud 2
A.C. magneto coupler
Engine cooling fan pulley base
A.C. magneto cover/gasket
Dowel pin
Stator lead holder
Pickup coil
Stator assembly
A.C. magneto rotor
Woodruff key
Starter wheel gear
Washer
Starter idle gear shaft
Bearing
ENG
Q’ty
Remarks
1
1
2
Disconnect.
1
Refer to “REMOVING THE A.C. MAG1/1 NETO” and “INSTALLING THE A.C.
MAGNETO”.
2
1
1
1
1
Refer to “REMOVING THE A.C. MAG1
NETO” and “INSTALLING THE A.C.
MAGNETO”.
1
1
1
1
4 - 41
ENGINE COOLING FAN AND A.C. MAGNETO
Order
18
Job/Part
Starter idle gear
Q’ty
1
ENG
Remarks
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
4 - 42
ENGINE COOLING FAN AND A.C. MAGNETO
ENG
REMOVING THE A.C. MAGNETO
1. Remove:
• engine cooling fan pulley 1
NOTE:
Use the sheave holder 2 to hold the primary
sheave.
Primary sheave holder
P/N. YS-01880-A
Sheave holder
P/N. 90890-01701
2.
•
•
•
Remove:
A.C. magneto cover
gasket
dowel pins
NOTE:
Working in a crisscross pattern, loosen each
bolt 1/4 of a turn. Remove them after all of
them are loosened.
3. Remove:
• A.C. magneto rotor 1
NOTE:
Use the flywheel puller 2.
Flywheel puller
P/N. YM-01404, 90890-01404
CHECKING THE A.C. MAGNETO
1. Check:
• stator coil
• pickup coil
Damage → Replace.
4 - 43
ENGINE COOLING FAN AND A.C. MAGNETO
ENG
CHECKING THE STARTER CLUTCH
1. Check:
• starter clutch 1
Cracks/damage → Replace.
• starter clutch bolts 2
Loose → Replace with new ones, and
clinch the end of the bolts.
NOTE:
The arrow mark on the starter clutch must face
inward, away from the A.C. magneto rotor.
T.
R.
Starter clutch bolts
30 Nm (3.0 m · kg, 22 ft · lb)
LOCTITE®
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Install the starter wheel gear onto the
starter clutch, and hold the starter clutch.
NOTE:
Install the starter wheel gear with the groove
a facing the A.C. magneto rotor.
b. Turn the starter wheel gear counterclockwise È to check that the starter clutch and
wheel gear engage.
If the starter clutch and wheel gear do not
engage, replace the starter clutch.
c. Turn the starter wheel gear clockwise É to
check the starter wheel gear for smooth
operation.
If operation is not smooth, replace the
starter clutch.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
2. Check:
• starter idle gear teeth 1
• starter wheel gear teeth 2
Burrs/clips/roughness/wear → Replace.
3. Check:
• starter wheel gear
(contacting surface)
Damage/pitting/wear → Replace.
4 - 44
ENGINE COOLING FAN AND A.C. MAGNETO
ENG
CHECKING THE ENGINE COOLING FAN
1. Check:
• engine cooling fan
• air shroud 1
• air shroud 2
Cracks/damage → Replace.
INSTALLING THE A.C. MAGNETO
1. Apply:
• sealant (Quick Gasket®) 1
(into the slit)
Sealant (Quick Gasket®)
P/N. ACC-11001-05-01
Yamaha bond No. 1215
P/N. 90890-85505
2. Install:
• woodruff key
• A.C. magneto rotor
NOTE:
• Before installing the rotor, clean the outside
of the crankshaft and the inside of the rotor.
• After installing the rotor, check that the rotor
rotates smoothly. If not, reinstall the key and
rotor.
4 - 45
ENGINE COOLING FAN AND A.C. MAGNETO
1
2
3.
•
•
•
ENG
Install:
dowel pins
gasket New
A.C. magneto cover
T.
R.
10 Nm (1.0 m · kg, 7.2 ft · lb)
NOTE:
• When installing the A.C. magneto cover, use
a long rod to hold the A.C. magneto rotor in
position from the outside. This will make
assembly easier. Be careful not to damage
the oil seal.
• Apply sealant (Quick Gasket®) 1 to the
thread of the bolt 2 shown in the illustration.
• Tighten the bolts in stages, using a crisscross pattern.
Sealant (Quick Gasket®)
P/N. ACC-11001-05-01
Yamaha bond No. 1215
P/N. 90890-85505
4. Install:
• engine cooling fan pulley 1
T.
R.
55 Nm (5.5 m · kg, 40 ft · lb)
NOTE:
Use a sheave holder 2 to hold the primary
sheave.
Primary sheave holder
P/N. YS-01880-A
Sheave holder
P/N. 90890-01701
NOTE:
Before installing the engine cooling fan pulley,
do not forget to install the O-ring.
4 - 46
ENGINE COOLING FAN AND A.C. MAGNETO
5.
•
6.
•
ENG
Connect:
A.C. magneto couplers
Install:
engine cooling fan 1
T.
R.
7 Nm (0.7 m · kg, 5.1 ft · lb)
NOTE:
Install the bolts in the holes in the collar of the
engine cooling fan.
T.
7. Install:
10 Nm (1.0 m · kg, 7.2 ft · lb)
• air shroud 1
• engine cooling fan air duct assembly 1
R.
NOTE:
Install the engine cooling fan air duct assembly
with the arrow mark a towards the air shroud
1.
4 - 47
BALANCER GEARS AND OIL PUMP GEARS
ENG
BALANCER GEARS AND OIL PUMP GEARS
Order
Job/Part
Removing the balancer gears and oil
pump gears
Starter wheel gear
Q’ty
1
2
3
4
Nut/lock washer
Balancer driven/oil pump drive gear
Chain
Straight key
1/1
1
1
1
5
6
7
8
Oil pump driven gear
Plate
Balancer drive gear
Spring
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “ENGINE COOLING FAN AND
A.C. MAGNETO”.
1
1
1
8
4 - 48
Refer to “REMOVING THE BALANCER
DRIVE GEAR AND BALANCER
DRIVEN GEAR” and “INSTALLING THE
BALANCER DRIVE GEAR AND BALANCER DRIVEN GEAR”.
BALANCER GEARS AND OIL PUMP GEARS
Order
9
Job/Part
Pin
Q’ty
4
ENG
Remarks
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
4 - 49
BALANCER GEARS AND OIL PUMP GEARS
ENG
REMOVING THE BALANCER DRIVE GEAR
AND BALANCER DRIVEN GEAR
1. Straighten the lock washer tabs.
2. Loosen:
• balancer driven gear nut 1
NOTE:
Place an aluminum plate 2 between the teeth
of the balancer drive gear 3 and balancer
driven gear 4.
3.
•
•
•
•
•
Remove:
circlip
plate 1
balancer drive gear 2
springs 3
pins 4
CHECKING THE OIL PUMP DRIVE GEAR
AND OIL PUMP DRIVEN GEAR
1. Check:
• oil pump drive gear 1
• oil pump driven gear 2
Cracks/wear/damage → Replace.
CHECKING THE BALANCER DRIVE GEAR
AND BALANCER DRIVEN GEAR
1. Check:
• balancer drive gear 1
• balancer driven gear 2
Damage/wear → Replace the balancer drive
gear and balancer driven gear as a set.
Excessive noise during operation →
Replace the balancer drive gear and balancer driven gear as a set.
4 - 50
BALANCER GEARS AND OIL PUMP GEARS
ENG
INSTALLING THE BALANCER DRIVE GEAR
AND BALANCER DRIVEN GEAR
1. Install:
• pins
• springs
• balancer drive gear
(onto the buffer boss)
• plate
• circlip
NOTE:
Align the punch mark a on the balancer drive
gear with the hole b to the buffer boss.
2. Install:
• balancer driven gear
NOTE:
Align the punch mark a on the balancer drive
gear with the punch mark b on the balancer
driven gear.
3. Install:
• lock washer New
• balancer driven gear nut 1
T.
R.
110 Nm (11.0 m · kg, 80 ft · lb)
NOTE:
• Place an aluminum plate 2 between the
teeth of the balancer drive gear 3 and balancer driven gear 4.
• Apply the molybdenum disulfide grease to
the thread of axle and nut.
4. Bend the lock washer tabs along the balancer driven gear nut.
4 - 51
PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SHEAVES
ENG
PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SHEAVES
T.
R.
14 Nm (1.4 m • kg, 10 ft • Ib)
10
T.
R.
10 Nm (1.0 m • kg, 7.2 ft • Ib)
(7)
6
7
8
T.
R.
100 Nm (10.0 m • kg, 72 ft • lb)
10
9
T.
R.
10 Nm (1.0 m • kg, 7.2 ft • Ib)
5
4
LS
2
(12)
1
3
R.
R.
T.
T.
10 Nm (1.0 m • kg, 7.2 ft • Ib)
T.
R.
120 Nm (12.0 m • kg, 85 ft • lb)
T.
R.
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
Job/Part
Removing the primary and secondary sheaves
Engine assembly
Drive belt cover
Rubber gasket
Bearing housing
Dowel pin
Primary sheave assembly
V-belt
Q’ty
10 Nm (1.0 m • kg, 7.2 ft • Ib)
10 Nm (1.0 m • kg, 7.2 ft • Ib)
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “ENGINE REMOVAL”.
1
1
1
2
1
1
Refer to “REMOVING THE PRIMARY
AND SECONDARY SHEAVES” and
“INSTALLING THE PRIMARY AND
SECONDARY SHEAVES”.
NOTE:
The V-belt can be replaced even if the
engine assembly is not removed.
4 - 52
PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SHEAVES
ENG
T.
R.
14 Nm (1.4 m • kg, 10 ft • Ib)
10
T.
R.
10 Nm (1.0 m • kg, 7.2 ft • Ib)
(7)
6
7
8
T.
R.
100 Nm (10.0 m • kg, 72 ft • lb)
10
9
T.
R.
10 Nm (1.0 m • kg, 7.2 ft • Ib)
5
4
LS
2
(12)
1
3
R.
R.
T.
T.
10 Nm (1.0 m • kg, 7.2 ft • Ib)
T.
R.
120 Nm (12.0 m • kg, 85 ft • lb)
T.
R.
Order
7
8
9
10
Job/Part
Primary fixed sheave
Secondary sheave assembly
Drive belt case
Rubber gasket
Q’ty
1
1
10 Nm (1.0 m • kg, 7.2 ft • Ib)
10 Nm (1.0 m • kg, 7.2 ft • Ib)
Remarks
Refer to “REMOVING THE PRIMARY
AND SECONDARY SHEAVES” and
“INSTALLING THE PRIMARY AND
SECONDARY SHEAVES”.
1
2
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
4 - 53
PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SHEAVES
ENG
PRIMARY SHEAVE
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Job/Part
Disassembling the primary sheave
Primary pulley sheave cap
Primary pulley slider
Spacer
Primary pulley cam
Primary pulley weight
Collar
Oil seal
Primary sliding sheave
O-ring
Q’ty
1
4
4
1
8
1
2
1
1
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “ASSEMBLING THE PRIMARY
SHEAVE”.
For assembly, reverse the disassembly
procedure.
4 - 54
PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SHEAVES
ENG
SECONDARY SHEAVE
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
Job/Part
Disassembling the secondary
sheave
Nut
Spring seat
Compression spring
Spring seat
Guide pin
Secondary sliding sheave
O-ring
Secondary fixed sheave
Oil seal
Oil seal
Q’ty
1
1
1
1
4
1
2
1
1
1
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “DISASSEMBLING THE SECONDARY SHEAVE” and “ASSEMBLING
THE SECONDARY SHEAVE”.
For assembly, reverse the disassembly
procedure.
4 - 55
PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SHEAVES
ENG
REMOVING THE PRIMARY AND
SECONDARY SHEAVES
1. Loosen:
• secondary sheave nut 1
• primary sheave nut 2
NOTE:
• Use the sheave holder 3 to hold the primary
sheave.
• First, loosen the secondary sheave nut 1,
then loosen the primary sheave nut 2.
Primary sheave holder
P/N. YS-01880-A
Sheave holder
P/N. 90890-01701
DISASSEMBLING THE SECONDARY
SHEAVE
1. Remove:
• nut 1
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Attach the sheave fixed block 2, locknut
wrench 3 and sheave spring compressor
4 to the secondary sheave assembly.
Sheave fixed block
P/N. YM-04135, 90890-04135
Locknut wrench
P/N. YM-01348, 90890-01348
Sheave spring compressor
P/N. YM-04134, 90890-04134
b. Place the sheave fixed block in a vise and
secure it.
c. Tighten the sheave spring compressor nut
5 and compress the spring.
d. Loosen the nut 1 with the locknut wrench
3.
e. Remove the nut 1.
f. Remove the sheave spring compressor and
locknut wrench.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
4 - 56
PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SHEAVES
ENG
CHECKING THE PRIMARY SHEAVE
1. Check:
• weight outside diameter a
Out of specification → Replace the weight.
Weight outside diameter
30 mm (1.18 in)
<Limit>: 29.5 mm (1.16 in)
2. Check:
• primary pulley slider
• primary sliding sheave splines
Wear/cracks/damage → Replace.
• spacer
• primary pulley cam
Cracks/damage → Replace.
3. Check:
• primary sliding sheave
• primary fixed sheave
Cracks/damage → Replace.
CHECKING THE SECONDARY SHEAVE
1. Check:
• secondary fixed sheave smooth operation
• secondary sliding sheave smooth operation
Scratches/damage → Replace as a set.
2. Check:
• torque cam grooves 1
Wear/damage → Replace.
3. Check:
• guide pins 2
Wear/damage → Replace.
4. Check:
• secondary sheave spring
Damage → Replace.
5. Measure:
• secondary sheave spring free length a
Out of specification → Replace the secondary sheave spring.
Free length
124.2 mm (4.89 in)
<Limit>: 112.0 mm (4.40 in)
4 - 57
PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SHEAVES
ENG
ASSEMBLING THE PRIMARY SHEAVE
1. Clean:
• primary sliding sheave face 1
• primary fixed sheave face 2
• collar 3
• weights 4
• primary sliding sheave cam face
NOTE:
Remove any excess grease.
2. Install:
• weights 1
NOTE:
• Apply Yamaha Grizzly grease (90 g) to the
whole outer surface of the weights and
install.
• Apply Yamaha Grizzly grease to the inner
surface of the collar.
• Apply Yamaha Grizzly grease to the inner
surface of the primary sliding sheave.
3.
•
•
•
•
Install:
spacer
sliders 1
primary pulley cam 2
primary sliding sheave cap
T.
R.
3 Nm (0.3 m · kg, 2.2 ft · lb)
ASSEMBLING THE SECONDARY SHEAVE
1. Apply:
• BEL-RAY assembly lube®
(to the secondary sliding sheave 1 inner
surface and oil seals)
• BEL-RAY assembly lube®
(to the bearings, oil seals and inner surface
of the secondary fixed sheave 2)
2. Install:
• guide pins 1
4 - 58
PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SHEAVES
ENG
3. Apply:
• BEL-RAY assembly lube®
(to the guide pin sliding grooves 1, and Orings 2 New )
4.
•
•
•
•
Install:
spring seat
compression spring
spring seat
nut
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Attach the sheave fixed block, locknut
wrench and sheave spring compressor to
the secondary sheave assembly.
Sheave fixed block
P/N. YM-04135, 90890-04135
Locknut wrench
P/N. YM-01348, 90890-01348
Sheave spring compressor
P/N. YM-04134, 90890-04134
b. Place the sheave fixed block in a vise and
secure it.
c. Tighten the sheave spring compressor nut
1 and compress the spring.
d. Install the nut 2 and tighten it to the specified torque using the locknut wrench.
T.
Nut
90 Nm (9.0 m · kg, 65 ft · lb)
R.
e. Remove the sheave spring compressor,
locknut wrench, and sheave fixed block.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
4 - 59
PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SHEAVES
ENG
INSTALLING THE PRIMARY AND
SECONDARY SHEAVES
1. Install:
• secondary sheave assembly
• V-belt
• primary sheave assembly
NOTE:
• Tightening the bolts 1 will push the secondary sliding sheave away, causing the gap
between the secondary fixed and sliding
sheaves to widen.
• Install the V-belt so that its arrow faces the
direction show in the illustration.
2. Tighten:
• primary sheave nut 1
T.
R.
120 Nm (12.0 m · kg, 85 ft · lb)
• secondary sheave nut 2
T.
R.
100 Nm (10.0 m · kg, 72 ft · lb)
NOTE:
• Use the sheave holder 3 to hold the primary
sheave.
• First, tighten the primary sheave nut 1, then
tighten the secondary sheave nut 2.
Primary sheave holder
P/N. YS-01880-A
Sheave holder
P/N. 90890-01701
4 - 60
CLUTCH
ENG
CLUTCH
Order
1
2
3
4
5
Job/Part
Removing the clutch
Primary and secondary sheaves
Q’ty
Clutch housing assembly
Gasket/dowel pin
One-way clutch bearing
Nut
Clutch carrier assembly
1
1/2
1
1
1
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “PRIMARY AND SECONDARY
SHEAVES”.
Refer to “REMOVING THE CLUTCH”
and “INSTALLING THE CLUTCH”.
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
4 - 61
CLUTCH
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Job/Part
Disassembling the clutch housing
Oil seal
Circlip
Bearing housing
Circlip
Bearing
Circlip
Bearing
Clutch housing
Q’ty
ENG
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
For assembly, reverse the disassembly
procedure.
4 - 62
CLUTCH
ENG
REMOVING THE CLUTCH
1. Remove:
• clutch housing assembly
• gasket
• dowel pins
NOTE:
Working in crisscross pattern, loosen each bolt
1/4 of a turn. Remove them after all of them
are loosened.
2.
•
3.
•
Straighten:
punched portion of the nut 1
Remove:
nut 1
NOTE:
Use a universal clutch holder 2 to hold the
clutch carrier assembly.
Universal clutch holder
P/N. YM-91042, 90890-04086
CHECKING THE CLUTCH
1. Check:
• clutch housing 1
Heat damage/wear/damage → Replace.
• one-way clutch bearing 2
Chafing/wear/damage → Replace.
NOTE:
• Replace the one-way clutch assembly and
clutch housing as a set.
• The one-way clutch bearing must be
installed with the flange side facing in.
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Install the one-way clutch bearing and
clutch carrier assembly to the clutch housing and hold the clutch carrier assembly.
4 - 63
CLUTCH
ENG
b. When turning the clutch housing clockwise
È, the clutch housing should turn freely.
If not, the one-way clutch assembly is
faulty.
Replace it.
c. When turning the clutch housing counterclockwise É, the clutch housing and crankshaft should be engaged.
If not, the one-way clutch assembly is
faulty.
Replace it.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
2. Check:
• clutch shoe
Heat damage → Replace.
3. Measure:
• clutch shoe thickness
Out of specification → Replace.
Clutch shoe thickness
1.5 mm (0.06 in)
Clutch shoe wear limit a
1.0 mm (0.04 in)
INSTALLING THE CLUTCH
1. Install:
• clutch carrier assembly
• nut 1 New
T.
R.
160 Nm (16.0 m · kg, 115 ft · lb)
NOTE:
Use a universal clutch holder 2 to hold the
clutch carrier assembly.
Universal clutch holder
P/N. YM-91042, 90890-04086
2. Lock the threads with a drift punch.
4 - 64
CLUTCH
ENG
3. Install:
• one-way clutch bearing
NOTE:
The one-way clutch bearing should be
installed in the clutch carrier assembly with the
arrow mark a facing toward the clutch housing.
4.
•
•
•
Install:
dowel pins
gasket New
clutch housing assembly
T.
R.
10 Nm (1.0 m · kg, 7.2 ft · lb)
NOTE:
• Tighten the bolts in stages, using a crisscross pattern.
• After tightening the bolts, check that the
clutch housing assembly to counterclockwise
rotates smoothly.
4 - 65
CRANKCASE
ENG
CRANKCASE
STARTER MOTOR, TIMING CHAIN AND OIL FILTER
Order
Job/Part
Remove the starter motor, timing
chain and oil filter
Engine assembly
Cylinder head
Q’ty
Refer to “ENGINE REMOVAL”.
Refer to “CAMSHAFT AND CYLINDER
HEAD”.
Refer to “CYLINDER AND PISTON”.
Refer to “ENGINE COOLING FAN AND
A.C. MAGNETO”.
Refer to “PRIMARY AND SECONDARY
SHEAVES”.
Refer to “CLUTCH”.
Cylinder and piston
A.C. magneto rotor
Primary and secondary sheaves
1
2
3
4
Clutch carrier assembly
Timing chain guide (intake side)
Timing chain
Starter motor/O-ring
Oil filter cartridge/O-ring
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
1
1
1/1
1
4 - 66
CRANKCASE
Order
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Job/Part
Oil pipe assembly/O-ring
Oil pipe adapter/O-ring
Relief valve assembly
Speed sensor
Shift drum stopper
Gear position switch
Reverse switch
Oil filler cap
Oil delivery pipe 1
Drain plug
Q’ty
1/2
1/1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
ENG
Remarks
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
4 - 67
CRANKCASE
ENG
CRANKCASE
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Job/Part
Separating the crankcase
Shift lever cover/gasket
Dowel pin
Shift lever 1
Shift lever 2 assembly
Right crankcase
Dowel pin
Left crankcase
Spacer
Crankshaft seal
Q’ty
1/1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “INSTALLING THE SHIFT
LEVERS”.
Refer to “SEPARATING THE CRANKCASE” and “ASSEMBLING THE
CRANKCASE”.
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
4 - 68
ENG
CRANKCASE
CRANKCASE BEARINGS
LS
1
E
4
New 2
4
E
3
T.
R.
4
10 Nm (1.0 m kg, 7.2 ft Ib)
E
4
4
4
E
4
4
4
E
Order
1
2
3
4
Job/Part
Removing the crankcase bearings
Crankshaft and oil pump
Transmission
Middle drive/driven shaft
O-ring/collar
Oil seal
Bearing retainer
Bearing
Q’ty
E
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “CRANKSHAFT AND OIL
PUMP”.
Refer to “TRANSMISSION”.
Refer to “MIDDLE GEAR”.
1/1
1
1
9
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
4 - 69
CRANKCASE
È
ENG
SEPARATING THE CRANKCASE
1. Separate:
• right crankcase
• left crankcase
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Remove the crankcase bolts.
É
NOTE:
• Loosen each bolt 1/4 of a turn at a time and
after all the bolts are loosened, remove
them.
• Loosen the bolts in stages, using a crisscross pattern.
È Right crankcase
É Left crankcase
b. Remove the left crankcase.
CAUTION:
Use a soft hammer to tap on one side of the
crankcase. Tap only on reinforced portions
of the crankcase. Do not tap on the crankcase mating surfaces. Work slowly and
carefully. Make sure that the crankcase
halves separate evenly.
c. Remove the dowel pins.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
CHECKING THE TIMING CHAIN AND
GUIDES
1. Check:
• timing chain
Cracks/stiff → Replace the timing chain and
camshaft sprocket as a set.
2. Check:
• timing chain guides
Wear/damage → Replace.
CHECKING THE OIL DELIVERY PIPE
1. Check:
• oil delivery pipe
Cracks/damage → Replace.
Clogged → Blow out with compressed air.
4 - 70
CRANKCASE
ENG
CHECKING THE RELIEF VALVE
1. Check:
• relief valve 1
• spring 2
Damage/wear → Replace the defective
part(s).
CHECKING THE CRANKCASE
1. Thoroughly wash the case halves in a mild
solvent.
2. Clean all the gasket mating surfaces and
crankcase mating surfaces thoroughly.
3. Check:
• crankcase
Cracks/damage → Replace.
• oil delivery passages
Clogged → Blow out with compressed air.
CHECKING THE BEARINGS
1. Check:
• bearings
Clean and lubricate, then rotate the inner
race with a finger.
Roughness → Replace.
ASSEMBLING THE CRANKCASE
1. Apply:
• sealant (Quick Gasket®) 1
(to the mating surfaces of both case halves)
Sealant (Quick Gasket®)
P/N. ACC-11001-05-01
Yamaha bond No. 1215
P/N. 90890-85505
2. Install:
• dowel pins 2
4 - 71
CRANKCASE
ENG
3. Fit the left crankcase onto the right case.
Tap lightly on the case with a soft hammer.
CAUTION:
Before installing and torquing the crankcase holding bolts, be sure to check
whether the transmission is functioning
properly by manually rotating the shift
drum in both directions.
È
4. Tighten:
• crankcase bolts 1, 2
(follow the proper tightening sequence)
1
1
T.
R.
1
T.
R.
1
1
É
2
1
4
1
26 Nm (2.6 m · kg, 19 ft · lb)
È Left crankcase
É Right crankcase
NOTE:
• Tighten the bolts in stages, using a crisscross pattern.
• Apply sealant (Quick Gasket®) 4 to the
thread of the bolt 2 shown in the illustration.
Sealant (Quick Gasket®)
P/N. ACC-11001-05-01
Yamaha bond No. 1215
P/N. 90890-85505
3
1
10 Nm (1.0 m · kg, 7.2 ft · lb)
• crankcase bolts 3
(follow the proper tightening sequence)
1
5. Apply:
• 4-stroke engine oil
(to the crank pin, bearing and oil delivery
hole)
6. Check:
• crankshaft and transmission operation
Unsmooth operation → Repair.
INSTALLING THE SHIFT LEVERS
1. Install:
• shift lever 2 assembly 1
T.
R.
14 Nm (1.4 m · kg, 10 ft · lb)
• shift lever 1 2
NOTE:
When installing the shift lever 1, align the
punch mark a on the shift lever 1 with the
punch marks b on the shift lever 2.
4 - 72
CRANKSHAFT AND OIL PUMP
ENG
CRANKSHAFT AND OIL PUMP
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
Job/Part
Removing the crankshaft and oil
pump
Crankcase separation
Oil strainer/O-ring
Oil pump assembly/gasket
Balancer
Plate
Relief valve assembly
Crankshaft
Q’ty
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “CRANKCASE”.
1/1
1/1
1
1
1
1
Refer to “REMOVING THE CRANKSHAFT” and “INSTALLING THE
CRANKSHAFT AND BALANCER”.
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
4 - 73
CRANKSHAFT AND OIL PUMP
ENG
OIL PUMP
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Job/Part
Disassembling the oil pump
Rotor cover
Pin
Shaft
Pin
Inner rotor
Outer rotor
Oil pump housing
Q’ty
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
For assembly, reverse the disassembly
procedure.
4 - 74
CRANKSHAFT AND OIL PUMP
ENG
REMOVING THE CRANKSHAFT
1. Remove:
• crankshaft
Use a crankcase separating tool 1.
Crankcase separating tool
P/N. YU-01135-A, 90890-01135
CHECKING THE OIL PUMP
1. Check:
• rotor housing
• rotor cover
Cracks/wear/damage → Replace.
2. Measure:
• tip clearance a
(between the inner rotor
rotor 2)
• side clearance b
(between the outer rotor
housing 3)
• body clearance c
(between the outer rotor
housing 3)
Out of specification →
pump.
1 and the outer
2 and the pump
2 and the pump
Replace the oil
Tip clearance
less than 0.15 mm (0.0059 in)
<Limit>: 0.23 mm (0.0091 in)
Side clearance
0.03 ~ 0.10 mm
(0.0012 ~ 0.0039 in)
<Limit>: 0.17 mm (0.0067 in)
Body clearance
0.09 ~ 0.17 mm
(0.0035 ~ 0.0067 in)
<Limit>: 0.24 mm (0.0094 in)
3. Check:
• oil pump operation
Unsmooth → Repeat steps #1 and #2 or
replace the defective parts.
4 - 75
CRANKSHAFT AND OIL PUMP
ENG
CHECKING THE RELIEF VALVE
1. Check:
• relief valve body 1
• relief valve 2
• spring 3
• O-ring 4
Damage/wear → Replace the defective
part(s).
CHECKING THE OIL STRAINER
1. Check:
• oil strainer 1
• O-ring 2
Damage → Replace.
Contaminants → Clean with engine oil.
ASSEMBLING THE OIL PUMP
1. Install:
• inner rotor
• outer rotor
• oil pump shaft
(with the recommended lubricant)
Recommended lubricant
Engine oil
4 - 76
CRANKSHAFT AND OIL PUMP
ENG
CHECKING THE CRANKSHAFT
1. Measure:
• crank width A
Out of specification → Replace the crankshaft.
Crank width
74.95 ~ 75.00 mm
(2.9508 ~ 2.9528 in)
• side clearance D
Out of specification → Replace the crankshaft.
Big end side clearance
0.35 ~ 0.65 mm
(0.0138 ~ 0.0256 in)
<Limit>: 1.0 mm (0.0394 in)
• runout C
Out of specification → Replace the crankshaft.
Runout limit
C1: 0.03 mm (0.0012 in)
C2: 0.03 mm (0.0012 in)
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The crankshaft 1 and the crank pin 2 oil passages must be properly interconnected with a
tolerance of less than 1 mm (0.04 in).
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CAUTION:
The buffer boss and woodruff key should
be replaced when removed from the crankshaft.
4 - 77
CRANKSHAFT AND OIL PUMP
ENG
INSTALLING THE CRANKSHAFT AND
BALANCER
1. Install:
• crankshaft
Crankshaft installer pot 1
P/N. 90890-01274
Crankshaft installer bolt 2
P/N. 90890-01275
Crankshaft installer set 3
P/N. YU-90050
Adapter 4
P/N. YM-01383, 90890-01383
Spacer (crankshaft installer) 5
P/N. YM-91044, 90890-04081
Spacer 6
P/N. 90890-01309
NOTE:
Hold the connecting rod at the Top Dead Center (TDC) with one hand while turning the nut
of the installing tool with the other. Operate the
installing tool until the crankshaft bottoms
against the bearing.
CAUTION:
Apply engine oil to each bearing to protect
the crankshaft against scratches and to
make installation easier.
4 - 78
TRANSMISSION
ENG
TRANSMISSION
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Job/Part
Removing the transmission
Crankcase separation
Middle driven gear
Low wheel gear
Shift drum
Shift fork assembly
Short spring
Shift fork 1
Long spring
Shift fork 2
Guide bar
Secondary shaft
Drive axle assembly
Chain
Q’ty
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “CRANKCASE”.
Refer to “MIDDLE GEAR”.
White painting
Refer to “REMOVING
THE TRANSMISSION”
and “INSTALLING THE
TRANSMISSION”.
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
4 - 79
TRANSMISSION
ENG
DRIVE AXLE ASSEMBLY
Order
1
2
3
4
5
Job/Part
Disassembling the drive axle
assembly
Clutch dog
High wheel gear
Middle drive gear
Driven sprocket
Drive axle
Q’ty
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
1
1
1
1
1
For assembly, reverse the disassembly
procedure.
4 - 80
TRANSMISSION
ENG
REMOVING THE TRANSMISSION
1. Remove:
• shift drum 1
• shift fork assembly 2
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Pull out the guide bar from the right crankcase.
b. Slide the shift fork assembly and remove
the shift fork followers from the shift drum
grooves.
c. Remove the shift drum.
d. Remove the shift fork assembly.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
2.
•
•
•
Remove:
secondary shaft 1
drive axle assembly 2
chain 3
NOTE:
Remove the secondary shaft, drive axle
assembly, and chain as a set.
CHECKING THE SHIFT FORKS
1. Check:
• shift fork follower 1
• shift fork pawl 2
Scoring/bends/wear/damage → Replace.
2. Check:
• guide bar
Roll the guide bar on a flat surface.
Bends → Replace.
WARNING
Do not attempt to straighten a bent guide
bar.
4 - 81
TRANSMISSION
ENG
3. Check:
• shift fork movement
(on the guide bar)
Unsmooth operation → Replace the shift
fork and the guide bar.
4. Check:
• springs
Cracks/damage → Replace.
CHECKING THE SHIFT DRUM
1. Check:
• shift drum grooves
Scratches/wear/damage → Replace.
CHECKING THE DRIVE AXLE
1. Measure:
• axle runout
Use a centering device and a dial gauge.
Out of specification → Replace the bent
axle.
Drive axle runout limit
0.06 mm (0.0024 in)
CHECKING THE HIGH WHEEL GEAR AND
MIDDLE DRIVE GEAR
1. Check:
• gear teeth
Blue discoloration/pitting/wear → Replace.
• mated dogs
Rounded edges/cracks/missing portions →
Replace.
4 - 82
TRANSMISSION
ENG
2. Check:
• gear movement
Unsmooth → Repeat steps #1 or replace
the defective parts.
3. Check:
• circlip
Bends/looseness/damage → Replace.
CHECKING THE SECONDARY SHAFT AND
DRIVEN SPROCKET
1. Check:
• gear teeth
Blue discoloration/pitting/wear → Replace.
2. Check:
• gear movement
Unsmooth → Repeat steps #1 or replace
the defective parts.
3. Check:
• circlip
Bends/looseness/damage → Replace.
CHECKING THE CHAIN
1. Check:
• chain
Cracks/shift → Replace the chain, secondary shaft and driven sprocket as a set.
4 - 83
TRANSMISSION
ENG
ASSEMBLING THE SHIFT FORK
ASSEMBLY
1. Install:
• guide bar 1
• shift fork 2 2
• long spring 3
• shift fork 1 4
• short spring 5
INSTALLING THE TRANSMISSION
1. Install:
• chain 1
• drive axle assembly 2
• secondary shaft 3
• shift fork assembly 4
• shift drum 5
• low wheel gear
2. Check:
• shift operation
Unsmooth operation → Repair.
NOTE:
• Oil each gear and bearing thoroughly.
• Before assembling the crankcase, be sure
that the transmission is in neutral and that
the gears turn freely.
4 - 84
MIDDLE GEAR
ENG
MIDDLE GEAR
MIDDLE DRIVE SHAFT
Order
1
2
3
4
Job/Part
Removing the middle drive shaft
Crankcase separation
Bearing housing
Middle driven gear
Nut
Middle drive pinion gear
5
Shim
6
7
Middle drive shaft
Bearing retainer
Q’ty
1
1
1
1
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “CRANKCASE”.
Refer to “REMOVING THE MIDDLE
DRIVE SHAFT” and “INSTALLING THE
MIDDLE DRIVE SHAFT”.
Refer to “SELECTING THE MIDDLE
DRIVE AND DRIVEN GEAR SHIMS”.
1
2
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
4 - 85
MIDDLE GEAR
ENG
MIDDLE DRIVEN SHAFT
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Job/Part
Removing the middle driven shaft
Crankcase separation
Drive shaft coupling
Circlip
Bearing
Universal joint
Universal joint yoke
Bearing housing/O-ring
Shim
8
9
Middle driven pinion gear
Bearing retainer
Q’ty
1
2
2
1
1
1/1
1
1
4 - 86
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “CRANKCASE”.
Refer to “REMOVING THE MIDDLE
DRIVEN SHAFT” and “INSTALLING
THE MIDDLE DRIVEN SHAFT”.
Refer to “SELECTING THE MIDDLE
DRIVE AND DRIVEN GEAR SHIMS”.
Refer to “REMOVING THE MIDDLE
DRIVEN SHAFT” and “INSTALLING
THE MIDDLE DRIVEN SHAFT”.
MIDDLE GEAR
Order
10
11
Job/Part
Bearing retainer
Middle driven shaft
Q’ty
1
1
ENG
Remarks
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
4 - 87
MIDDLE GEAR
ENG
REMOVING THE MIDDLE DRIVE SHAFT
1. Straighten:
• punched portion of the nut (middle drive
pinion gear)
2. Loosen:
• middle drive pinion gear nut 1
NOTE:
Secure the middle drive shaft in the vise with a
clean rag.
3.
•
•
•
Remove:
middle drive pinion gear nut
middle drive pinion gear
shim(s)
REMOVING THE MIDDLE DRIVEN SHAFT
1. Remove:
• nut 1
• washer
• drive shaft coupling
1
2
NOTE:
Use the coupling gear/middle shaft tool 2 to
hold the drive shaft coupling.
Coupling gear/middle shaft tool
P/N. YM-01229, 90890-01229
4 - 88
MIDDLE GEAR
ENG
2. Remove:
• universal joint
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Remove the circlips 1.
b. Place the universal joint in a press.
c. With a suitable diameter pipe 2 beneath
the yoke 3, press the bearing 4 into the
pipe as shown.
NOTE:
It may be necessary to lightly tap the yoke with
a punch.
d. Repeat the steps for the opposite bearing.
e. Remove the yoke.
NOTE:
It may be necessary to lightly tap the yoke with
a punch.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
3.
•
•
•
Remove:
nut 1
washer
universal joint yoke
NOTE:
Use the universal joint holder 2 to hold the
universal joint yoke.
Universal joint holder
P/N. YM-04062, 90890-04062
4 - 89
MIDDLE GEAR
ENG
4. Remove:
• bearing housing assembly 1
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Clean the outside of the bearing housing
assembly.
b. Place the bearing housing assembly onto a
hydraulic press.
CAUTION:
• Never directly press the middle driven
pinion gear end with a hydraulic press,
this will result in damage to the middle
driven pinion gear thread.
• Install the suitable socket 2 on the middle driven pinion gear end to protect the
thread from damage.
c. Press the middle driven pinion gear end
and remove the bearing housing.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
5. Remove:
• bearing retainer
• bearing
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Place a rag 1 in the vise.
b. Secure the bearing housing edge in the
vise.
c. Attach the bearing retainer wrench 2.
Bearing retainer wrench
P/N. YM-04128, 90890-04128
CAUTION:
The middle driven shaft bearing retainer
has left-handed threads. To loosen the
retainer, turn it clockwise.
d. Remove the bearing retainer and bearing.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
4 - 90
MIDDLE GEAR
6.
•
•
•
•
ENG
Remove:
drive shaft coupling
oil seal 1
bearing retainer 2
bearing
NOTE:
Attach the ring nut wrench 3.
Ring nut wrench
P/N. YM-38404, 90890-01430
CAUTION:
The middle driven shaft bearing retainer
has left-handed threads. To loosen the
retainer, turn it clockwise.
7. Remove:
• middle driven shaft 1
(with bearing)
CHECKING THE PINION GEARS
1. Check:
• gear teeth (drive pinion gear) 1
• gear teeth (driven pinion gear) 2
Pitting/galling/wear → Replace.
2. Check:
• O-ring
Damage → Replace.
• bearings
Pitting/damage → Replace.
3. Check:
• universal joint movement
Roughness → Replace universal joint.
4 - 91
MIDDLE GEAR
ENG
SELECTING THE MIDDLE DRIVE AND
DRIVEN GEAR SHIMS
When the drive and driven gear, bearing housing assembly and/or crankcase replaced, be
sure to adjust the gear shims 1 and 2.
1. Select:
• middle drive gear shim 1
• middle driven gear shim 2
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Position middle drive and driven gear by
using shims 1 and 2 with their respective
thickness calculated from information
marked on crankcase, bearing housing and
drive gear end.
1 Shim thickness “A”
2 Shim thickness “B”
b. To find shim thickness “A” use following formula:
Middle drive pinion gear shim thickness
“A” = a + d – b – c
Where:
a = a numeral (usually a decimal number) on
the bearing housing is either added to or
subtracted from “7.5”.
b = 17.0
c = drive pinion gear to driven pinion gear
center distance (considered constance
“55”).
d = a numeral (usually a decimal number) on
the left crankcase specifies a thickness of
“65”.
4 - 92
MIDDLE GEAR
ENG
Example:
1) If the bearing housing is marked “+02”,
...... a is 7.52,
2) b is 17
3) c is 55
4) If the crankcase (left) is marked “64.98”,
...... d is 64.98.
5) Therefore, the shim thickness is 0.50 mm.
A = 7.52 + 64.98 – 17 – 55
= 0.50
6) Round off hundredths digit and select
appropriate shim(s).
In the example above, the calculated shim
thickness is 0.50 mm. The chart instructs
you, however, to round off 0 to 0.
Hundredths
Round value
0, 1, 2
0
3, 4, 5, 6, 7
5
8, 9
10
Shims are supplied in the following thickness.
Middle drive pinion gear shim
Thickness (mm)
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
c. To find shim thickness “B” use the following
formula:
Middle driven pinion gear shim thickness
“B” = e – f + g – h + i – 0.05
Where:
e = a numeral (usually a decimal number) on
the bearing housing is either added to or
subtracted from “76”.
f = a numeral (usually a decimal number) on
the middle driven pinion gear is either
added to or subtracted from “60”.
4 - 93
MIDDLE GEAR
ENG
g = a numeral (usually a decimal number) on
the middle driven pinion gear is either
added to or subtracted from “80.5”.
h = a numeral (usually a decimal number) on
the right crankcase specifies a thickness
of “97.26”.
i = a numeral (usually a decimal number) on
the left crankcase specifies a thickness of
“1.66”.
Example:
1) If the bearing housing is marked “–06”,
...... e is 75.94.
2) If the driven pinion gear is marked “+0”,
...... f is 60.00.
3) If the driven pinion gear is marked “–13”,
...... g is 80.37.
4) If the crankcase (right) is marked “97.29”,
...... h is 97.29.
5) If the crankcase (left) is marked “1.67”,
...... i is 1.67.
6) Therefore, the shim thickness is 0.64 mm.
B = 75.94 – 60.00 + 80.37 – 97.29
+ 1.67– 0.05
= 0.64
7) Round off hundredths digit and select
appropriate shim(s).
In the example above, the calculated shim
thickness is 0.64 mm. The chart instructs
you, however, to round off 4 to 5.
Hundredths
Round value
0, 1, 2
0
3, 4, 5, 6, 7
5
8, 9
10
Shims are supplied in the following thickness.
Middle drive pinion gear shim
Thickness (mm)
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
4 - 94
MIDDLE GEAR
ENG
INSTALLING THE MIDDLE DRIVEN SHAFT
1. Install:
• bearing retainer 1
T.
R.
Bearing retainer
80 Nm (8.0 m · kg, 58 ft · lb)
LOCTITE®
NOTE:
Attach the ring nut wrench 2.
Ring nut wrench
P/N. YM-38404, 90890-01430
CAUTION:
The middle driven shaft bearing retainer
has left-handed threads. To tighten the
retainer, turn it counterclockwise.
2. Install:
• bearing retainer 1
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Place a rag 2 in the vise.
b. Secure the bearing housing edge in the
vise.
c. Attach the bearing retainer wrench 3.
Bearing retainer wrench
P/N. YM-04128, 90890-04128
d. Tighten the bearing retainer.
CAUTION:
The middle driven shaft bearing retainer
has left-handed threads. To tighten the
retainer, turn it counterclockwise.
T.
R.
Bearing retainer
110 Nm (11.0 m · kg, 80 ft · lb)
LOCTITE®
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
4 - 95
MIDDLE GEAR
ENG
3. Install:
• shims 1
• bearing housing
NOTE:
Install the shims so that the tabs are positioned
as shown in the illustration.
4.
•
•
•
Install:
universal joint yoke
washer
nut 1
NOTE:
Use the universal joint holder 2 to hold the
yoke.
T.
R.
Universal joint yoke nut
150 Nm (15.0 m · kg, 110 ft · lb)
LOCTITE®
Universal joint holder
P/N. YM-04062, 90890-04062
5. Install:
• universal joint
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Install the opposite yoke into the universal
joint.
b. Apply wheel bearing grease to the bearings.
c. Install the bearing 1 onto the yoke.
CAUTION:
Check each bearing. The needles can easily fall out of their races. Slide the yoke
back and forth on the bearings; the yoke
will not go all the way onto a bearing if a
needle is out of place.
4 - 96
MIDDLE GEAR
ENG
d. Press each bearing into the universal joint
using a suitable socket.
NOTE:
The bearing must be inserted far enough into
the universal joint so that the circlip can be
installed.
e. Install the circlips 2 into the groove of each
bearing.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
R.
1
Install:
drive shaft coupling
washer
nut 1
97 Nm (9.7 m · kg, 70 ft · lb)
T.
6.
•
•
•
NOTE:
Use the coupling gear/middle shaft tool 2 to
hold the drive shaft coupling.
2
Coupling gear/middle shaft tool
P/N. YM-01229, 90890-01229
INSTALLING THE MIDDLE DRIVE SHAFT
1. Tighten:
• middle drive pinion gear nut 1 New
T.
R.
145 Nm (14.5 m · kg, 105 ft · lb)
NOTE:
Secure the middle drive shaft in the vise with a
clean rag.
2. Lock the threads with a drift punch.
4 - 97
MIDDLE GEAR
ENG
MEASURING THE MIDDLE GEAR
BACKLASH
1. Measure:
• gear lash
Middle gear lash
0.1 ~ 0.3 mm (0.004 ~ 0.012 in)
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Temporary install the left crankcase.
b. Wrap a rag 1 around a screwdriver 2, and
then insert it into the installation hole 3 of
the right crankcase speed sensor to hold
the middle driven gear.
c. Attach the gear lash measurement tool 4
and dial gauge 5.
Gear lash measurement tool
P/N. YM-01467, 90890-01467
a 6.7 mm (0.26 in)
d. Measure the gear lash while rotating the
middle driven shaft back and forth.
NOTE:
Measure the gear lash at 4 positions. Rotate
the middle driven gear 90° each time.
e. If the gear lash is incorrect, adjust the gear
lash by middle driven pinion gear shims
and/or middle drive pinion gear shim(s).
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4 - 98
COOL
RADIATOR AND COOLANT RESERVOIR
COOLING SYSTEM
RADIATOR AND COOLANT RESERVOIR
12
T.
R.
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
11
2
3
6
5
8
7
4
10
1
9
T.
R.
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
5
28 Nm (2.8 m • kg, 20 ft • Ib)
Job/Part
Removing the radiator
Oil cooler
Coolant
Thermo switch 3 coupler
Coolant reservoir hose
Radiator fan breather hose
Radiator inlet hose
Radiator outlet hose
Water pump inlet hose
Coolant outlet hose
Radiator
Radiator fan
Thermo switch 3
Q’ty
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
5-1
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “OIL COOLER”.
Drain.
Refer to “CHANGING THE COOLANT” in
chapter 3.
Disconnect.
Disconnect.
Disconnect.
COOL
RADIATOR AND COOLANT RESERVOIR
12
T.
R.
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
11
2
3
6
5
8
7
4
10
1
9
T.
R.
Order
11
12
28 Nm (2.8 m • kg, 20 ft • Ib)
Job/Part
Coolant reservoir
Coolant reservoir breather hose
Q’ty
Remarks
1
1
Disconnect.
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
5-2
RADIATOR AND COOLANT RESERVOIR
COOL
CHECKING THE RADIATOR
1. Check:
• radiator fins
Obstruction → Clean.
Apply compressed air to the rear of the radiator.
Damage → Repair or replace.
NOTE:
Straighten any flattened fins with a thin, flathead screwdriver.
2. Check:
• radiator hoses
Cracks/damage → Replace.
3. Measure:
• radiator cap opening pressure
Below the specified pressure → Replace
the radiator cap.
Radiator cap opening pressure
107.9 ~ 137.3 kPa
(1.079 ~ 1.373 kg/cm2,
15.35 ~ 19.53 psi)
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Install the radiator cap tester 1 and adapter
2 onto the radiator cap 3.
Radiator cap tester
P/N. YU-24460-01, 90890-01325
Radiator cap tester adapter
P/N. YU-33984, 90890-01352
b. Apply the specified pressure for ten seconds and make sure that there is no drop in
pressure.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
4. Check:
• radiator fan
Damage → Replace.
Malfunction → Check and repair.
Refer to “COOLING SYSTEM” in chapter 9.
5-3
RADIATOR AND COOLANT RESERVOIR
COOL
INSTALLING THE RADIATOR
1. Fill:
• cooling system
(with the specified amount of the recommended coolant)
Refer to “CHANGING THE COOLANT” in
chapter 3.
2. Check:
• cooling system
Leaks → Repair or replace any faulty part.
5-4
WATER PUMP
COOL
WATER PUMP
3
2
1
4
8
5 New
LS
7 New
LS
New
6
T.
R.
10 Nm (1.0 m • kg, 7.2 ft • Ib)
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Job/Part
Removing the water pump
Driver seat/passenger seat/console
Coolant outlet joint breather hose
Water pump inlet hose
Water pump outlet hose
Water pump outlet pipe
O-ring
Water pump assembly
O-ring
Water pump breather hose
Q’ty
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
5-5
WATER PUMP
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
Job/Part
Disassembling the water pump
Water pump housing cover
Gasket
Circlip
Impeller
Rubber damper holder
Rubber damper
Water pump seal
Oil seal
Bearing
Water pump housing
Q’ty
COOL
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
For assembly, reverse the disassembly
procedure.
5-6
WATER PUMP
COOL
DISASSEMBLING THE WATER PUMP
1. Remove:
• rubber damper holder 1
• rubber damper 2
(from the impeller, with a thin, flathead
screwdriver)
NOTE:
Do not scratch the impeller shaft.
2. Remove:
• water pump seal 1
NOTE:
Tap out the water pump seal from the inside of
the water pump housing.
2 Water pump housing
3. Remove:
• bearing 1
• oil seal 2
NOTE:
Tap out the bearing and oil seal from the outside of the water pump housing.
3 Water pump housing
CHECKING THE WATER PUMP
1. Check:
• water pump housing cover 1
• water pump housing 2
• impeller 3
• rubber damper 4
• rubber damper holder 5
Cracks/damage/wear → Replace.
2.
•
•
•
Check:
water pump seal
oil seal
water pump outlet pipe
Cracks/damage/wear → Replace.
• bearing
Rough movement → Replace.
5-7
WATER PUMP
COOL
3. Measure:
• impeller shaft tilt
Out of specification → Replace.
Max. impeller shaft tilt
0.15 mm (0.006 in)
1 Straightedge
2 Impeller
ASSEMBLING THE WATER PUMP
1. Install:
• oil seal 1 New
(into the water pump housing 2)
NOTE:
• Before installing the oil seal, apply tap water
or coolant onto its outer surface.
• Install the oil seal with a socket 3 that
matches its outside diameter.
2. Install:
• water pump seal 1 New
(into the water pump housing 2)
CAUTION:
Never lubricate the water pump seal surface with oil or grease.
NOTE:
Install the water pump seal with the special
tools.
Water pump seal installer 3
P/N. YM-33221
Mechanical seal installer 3
P/N. 90890-04078
Middle driven shaft bearing driver
4
P/N. YM-04058-1, 90890-04058
È Push down.
5-8
WATER PUMP
COOL
3. Install:
• rubber damper 1 New
• rubber damper holder 2 New
NOTE:
Before installing the rubber damper, apply tap
water or coolant onto its outer surface.
CAUTION:
Make sure that the rubber damper and rubber damper holder are flush with the impeller.
5-9
OIL COOLER
COOL
OIL COOLER
.
R.
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
.
R.
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
1
2
New
LS
5
2
LS
7
New
4
6
3
8
(4)
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Job/Part
Removing the oil cooler
Driver seat/passenger seat/console/left
support side panel/right support side
panel/footrest cover
Engine oil
Q’ty
Oil cooler inlet pipe 1/oil cooler outlet
pipe 1
O-ring
Oil cooler
Oil cooler inlet hose
Oil cooler outlet hose
Oil outlet hose
Oil inlet hose
1/1
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
Drain.
Refer to “CHANGING THE ENGINE OIL”
in chapter 3.
2
1
1
1
1
1
5 - 10
OIL COOLER
COOL
.
R.
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
.
R.
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
1
2
New
LS
5
2
LS
7
New
4
6
3
8
(4)
Order
8
Job/Part
Oil cooler inlet pipe 2/oil cooler outlet
pipe 2
Q’ty
1/1
Remarks
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
5 - 11
OIL COOLER
COOL
CHECKING THE OIL COOLER
1. Check:
• oil cooler
Obstruction → Clean.
Apply compressed air to the rear of the oil
cooler.
Damage → Repair or replace the oil cooler.
NOTE:
Straighten any flattened fins with a thin, flathead screwdriver.
2. Check:
• oil hoses
Cracks/damage → Replace.
5 - 12
FUEL PUMP AND FUEL TANK
FUEL
FUEL SYSTEM
FUEL PUMP AND FUEL TANK
R.
R.
9
6
T.
T.
30 Nm (3.0 m • kg, 22 ft • Ib)
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
7
2
1
10
5
3
4
2
7
8
11
6
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Job/Part
Removing the fuel pump and fuel
tank
Driver seat/passenger seat/console/
right side panel/right support side
panel/right protector/right seat support
Vacuum hose
Fuel hose
Fuel filter
Fuel suction hose
Fuel return hose
Fuel pump
Fuel tank breather hose
Rollover valve
Fuel tank stay
Q’ty
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
1
2
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
6-1
FUEL PUMP AND FUEL TANK
R.
R.
6
T.
T.
30 Nm (3.0 m • kg, 22 ft • Ib)
FUEL
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
7
9
2
1
10
5
3
4
2
7
8
11
Order
10
11
Job/Part
Fuel tank cap
Fuel tank
Q’ty
1
1
Remarks
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
6-2
FUEL PUMP AND FUEL TANK
FUEL
EAS00506
CHECKING THE FUEL PUMP OPERATION
1. Remove:
• driver seat
• passenger seat
• console
• right protector
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
2. Place a container under the end of the fuel
hose 1.
1
3. Check:
• fuel pump operation
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
1
a. Suck on the end of the vacuum hose 1.
Fuel flows.
Fuel pump is OK.
Fuel does not flow.
Replace the fuel
pump.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
4.
•
•
•
•
6-3
Install:
right protector
console
passenger seat
driver seat
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
CARBURETOR
FUEL
CARBURETOR
6
9
14
5
3
2
12
11
7
10
1
4
8
13
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Job/Part
Removing the carburetor
Driver seat/passenger seat/console
Q’ty
Crankcase breather hose
Air filter case
Carburetor joint (air filter case)
Vacuum chamber breather hose
Air vent hose
Starter cable/starter plunger
Fuel hose
Carburetor heater lead
Carburetor assembly
Drain hose
Throttle valve cover
1
1
1
1
1
1/1
1
2
1
1
1
1
6-4
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
Disconnect.
Disconnect.
Disconnect.
CARBURETOR
6
9
FUEL
14
5
3
2
12
11
7
10
1
4
8
13
Order
12
13
14
Job/Part
Throttle cable end
Throttle cable
Carburetor joint (intake manifold)
Q’ty
1
1
1
Remarks
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
6-5
CARBURETOR
Order
Job/Part
Disassembling the carburetor
Q’ty
FUEL
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
NOTE:
Before disassembling the carburetor,
make sure to note the number of times
the pilot screw is turned out from the
seated position to its set position.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Throttle stop screw
Vacuum chamber cover
Spring
Jet needle holder
Spring
Jet needle set
Piston valve
Coasting enricher diaphragm
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
6-6
CARBURETOR
Order
9
0
A
B
Job/Part
Pilot air jet
Drain screw
Float chamber
Float
C
D
E
Needle valve set
Main jet
Needle jet
F
G
H
Pilot jet
Starter jet
Carburetor heater
FUEL
Q’ty
Remarks
1
1
1
1
Refer to “ASSEMBLING THE CARBURETOR”.
1
1
1
Refer to “ASSEMBLING THE CARBURETOR”.
1
1
1
For assembly, reverse the disassembly
procedure.
6-7
CARBURETOR
FUEL
DISASSEMBLING THE CARBURETOR
NOTE:
Before disassembling the carburetor, make
sure to note the number of times the pilot
screw is turned out from the seated position to
its set position.
CHECKING THE CARBURETOR
1. Check:
• carburetor body
• float chamber
Cracks/damage → Replace.
• fuel passage
Contamination → Clean as indicated.
• fuel chamber body
Contamination → Clean.
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Wash the carburetor in a petroleum based
solvent.
(Do not use any caustic carburetor cleaning
solution.)
b. Blow out all of the passages and jets with
compressed air.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
2. Check:
• float 1
• float tang 2
Damage → Replace.
3.
•
•
•
Check:
needle valve seat 1
needle valve 2
O-ring 3
Contamination/wear/damage → Replace as
a set.
NOTE:
Always replace the needle valve and valve
seat as a set.
6-8
CARBURETOR
FUEL
4. Check:
• piston valve 1
Scratches/wear/damage → Replace.
• rubber diaphragm 2
Tears → Replace.
5. Check:
• vacuum chamber cover 1
• spring 2
Cracks/damage → Replace.
6-9
6.
•
•
•
Check:
diaphragm (coasting enricher) 1
spring 2
cover 3
Tears (diaphragm) /damage → Replace.
7.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check:
jet needle 1
main jet 2
needle jet 3
pilot air jet 4
pilot jet 5
starter jet 6
starter plunger 7
Bends/wear/damage → Replace.
Blockage → Blow out the jets with compressed air.
CARBURETOR
FUEL
8. Check:
• free movement (piston valve)
Sticks → Replace the piston valve guide
and the piston valve.
Insert the piston valve into the carburetor
body, and check for free movement.
9. Check:
• free movement (throttle valve)
Sticks → Replace.
ASSEMBLING THE CARBURETOR
NOTE:
Before assembling the carburetor, make sure
to turn out the pilot screw the same number of
times, as noted before disassembly, from the
seated position to the set position.
CAUTION:
Before assembling, wash all of the parts in
a clean petroleum based solvent.
1. Measure:
• float height a
Out of specification → Adjust.
Float height (F.H.)
13 mm (0.51 in)
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Hold the carburetor in an upside down position.
b. Measure the distance from the front mating
surface of the float chamber (gasket
removed) to the top of the float.
NOTE:
The float arm should be resting on the needle
valve, but not compressing it.
c. If the float height is not within the specification, check the valve seat and needle valve.
d. If either is worn, replace them both.
e. If both are fine, adjust the float height by
bending the float tang 1 on the float.
f. Recheck the float height.
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6 - 10
CARBURETOR
FUEL
ADJUSTING THE FUEL LEVEL
1. Measure:
• fuel level a
Out of specification → Adjust.
Fuel level
4.0 ~ 5.0 mm (0.16 ~ 0.20 in)
Above the float chamber mating
surface
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Place the vehicle on a level surface.
b. Connect the fuel level gauge 1 to the drain
pipe 2.
Fuel level gauge
P/N. YM-01312-A, 90890-01312
c. Loosen the drain screw 3.
d. Hold the gauge vertically next to the float
chamber line.
e. Measure the fuel level a with the gauge.
f. If the fuel level is incorrect, adjust the fuel
level.
g. Remove the carburetor.
h. Check the valve seat and needle valve.
i. If either is worn, replace them both.
j. If both are fine, adjust the float level by
bending the float tang 4 slightly.
k. Install the carburetor.
l. Recheck the fuel level.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
6 - 11
TROUBLESHOOTING
DRIV
DRIVE TRAIN
TROUBLESHOOTING
The following conditions may indicate damaged shaft drive components:
Symptoms
Possible Causes
1. A pronounced hesitation or “jerky” movement during acceleration, deceleration, or
sustained speed. (This must not be confused with engine surging or transmission
characteristics.)
2. A “rolling rumble” noticeable at low speed; a
high-pitched whine; a “clunk” from a shaft
drive component or area.
3. A locked-up condition of the shaft drive train
mechanism, no power transmitted from the
engine to the front and/or rear wheel.
A. Bearing damage.
B. Improper gear lash.
C. Gear tooth damage.
D. Broken drive shaft.
E. Broken gear teeth.
F. Seizure due to lack of lubrication.
G. Small foreign objects lodged between the
moving parts.
NOTE:
Areas A, B, and C above may be extremely difficult to diagnose. The symptoms are quite subtle and
difficult to distinguish from normal vehicle operating noise. If there is reason to believe these components are damaged, remove the components and check them.
Check notes
1. Investigate any unusual noises.
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
The following “noises” may indicate a
mechanical defect:
a. A “rolling rumble” noise during coasting,
acceleration, or deceleration. The noise
increases with front and/or rear wheel
speed, but it does not increase with higher
engine or transmission speeds.
Diagnosis: Possible wheel bearing damage.
b. A “whining” noise that varies with acceleration and deceleration.
Diagnosis: Possible incorrect reassembly,
too-little gear lash.
7-1
TROUBLESHOOTING
DRIV
CAUTION:
Too little gear lash is extremely destructive
to the gear teeth. If a test ride following
reassembly indicates this condition, stop
riding immediately to minimize gear damage.
c. A slight “thunk” evident at low speed operation. This noise must be distinguished from
normal vehicle operation.
Diagnosis: Possible broken gear teeth.
WARNING
Stop riding immediately if broken gear
teeth are suspected. This condition could
result in the shaft drive assembly locking
up, causing loss of control of the vehicle
and possible injury to the rider.
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2. Check:
• drained oil
Drained oil shows large amounts of metal
particles → Check the bearing for seizure.
NOTE:
A small amount of metal particles in the oil is
normal.
3. Check:
• oil leakage
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Clean the entire vehicle thoroughly, then dry
it.
b. Apply a leak-localizing compound or dry
powder spray to the shaft drive.
c. Road test the vehicle for the distance necessary to locate the leak.
Leakage → Check the component housing,
gasket, and/or seal for damage.
Damage → Replace the component.
NOTE:
• An apparent oil leak on a new or nearly new
vehicle may be the result of a rust-preventative coating or excessive seal lubrication.
• Always clean the vehicle and recheck the
suspected location of an apparent leakage.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
7-2
7
TROUBLESHOOTING
DRIV
Troubleshooting chart
When basic condition “a” and “b” exist, check the following points:
Elevate and spin both wheels. Feel for wheel YES Replace the wheel bearing.
bearing damage.
(Refer to “STEERING SYSTEM” and “REAR
KNUCKLE AND STABILIZER” in chapter 8.)
NO
Check the wheel nuts and hub nuts for tight- NO Torque to specification.
ness.
(Refer to “FRONT WHEELS AND BRAKE
DISCS” and “REAR WHEELS AND BRAKE
DISC” in chapter 8.)
YES
Check the front constant velocity joints. Feel NO Constant velocity joint bearings and differenfor bearing damage.
tial gear bearings are probably not damaged.
Repeat the test or remove the individual
components.
YES
NO
Check the parking brake adjustment.
Adjust per instructions.
(Refer to “ADJUSTING THE PARKING
BRAKE” in chapter 3.)
YES
Check the rear constant velocity joints. Feel NO Constant velocity joint bearings and final
for bearing damage.
drive gear bearings are probably not damaged. Repeat the test or remove the individual components.
YES
Remove the drive shaft components.
7-3
FRONT CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, DIFFERENTIAL
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
FRONT CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, DIFFERENTIAL GEAR AND
DRIVE SHAFT
T.
R.
55 Nm (5.5 m • kg, 40 ft • Ib)
1
LS
3
2
5
6
LS
4
LS
LS
T.
R.
55 Nm (5.5 m • kg, 40 ft • Ib)
1
Order
Job/Part
Removing the front constant velocity joints, differential gear and drive
shaft
Front skid plate
Q’ty
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
Drain.
Refer to “STEERING SYSTEM” in chapter 8.
Refer to “FRONT ARMS AND FRONT
SHOCK ABSORBER” in chapter 8.
Differential gear oil
Steering knuckle
Front lower arms
1
2
3
Constant velocity joint
Gear motor coupler/On-Command
four-wheel drive switch and differential
gear lock switch coupler
Differential gear case breather hose
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
2
1/1
Disconnect.
1
Disconnect.
7-4
FRONT CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, DIFFERENTIAL
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
T.
R.
55 Nm (5.5 m • kg, 40 ft • Ib)
1
LS
3
2
5
6
LS
4
LS
LS
T.
R.
55 Nm (5.5 m • kg, 40 ft • Ib)
1
Order
4
5
6
Job/Part
Differential gear assembly
Drive shaft
Compression spring
Q’ty
1
1
1
Remarks
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
7-5
FRONT CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, DIFFERENTIAL
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Job/Part
Disassembling the constant velocity
joint
Circlip
Boot band
Boot band
Dust boot
Circlip
Double off-set joint
Circlip
Ball bearing
Joint shaft assembly
Q’ty
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
DRIV
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “ASSEMBLING THE FRONT
CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS”.
For assembly, reverse the disassembly
procedure.
7-6
FRONT CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, DIFFERENTIAL
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
Order
DRIV
Q’ty
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
1
Job/Part
Disassembling the differential gear
Gear motor/O-ring
1/1
NOTE:
Do not disassemble the gear motor or
remove the pinion gear.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
A
Circlip
Bearing
Universal joint
Universal joint yoke/O-ring
Stopper bolt/shaft
Shift fork (with shift fork sliding gear)
Differential gear case cover/O-ring
Drive clutch
Circlip/bearing
Adapter
2
2
1
1/1
1/1
1
1/1
1
1/1
1
7-7
Refer to “DISASSEMBLING THE UNIVERSAL JOINT” and “ASSEMBLING
THE UNIVERSAL JOINT.
FRONT CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, DIFFERENTIAL
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
Order
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
Job/Part
Shim (right)
Differential gear assembly
Shim (left)
Bearing
Bearing
Circlip/bearing
Drive pinion gear
Differential gear case
Bearing
Q’ty
DRIV
Remarks
1
1
1
1/1
1
1
1
For assembly, reverse the disassembly
procedure.
7-8
FRONT CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, DIFFERENTIAL
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
DISASSEMBLING THE UNIVERSAL JOINT
1. Remove:
• universal joint
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Remove the circlips 1.
b. Place the universal joint in a press.
c. With a suitable diameter pipe 2 beneath
the yoke 3, press the bearing 4 into the
pipe as shown.
NOTE:
It may be necessary to lightly tap the yoke with
a punch.
d. Repeat the steps for the opposite bearing.
e. Remove the yoke.
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2. Remove:
• universal joint yoke
Use a universal joint holder 1.
Universal joint holder
P/N. YM-04062, 90890-04062
REMOVING THE DIFFERENTIAL GEAR
ASSEMBLY
1. Remove:
• differential gear assembly 1
NOTE:
The ring gear and the differential gear should
be fastened together. Do not disassemble the
differential gear assembly.
CAUTION:
The differential gears are assembled into a
proper unit at the factory by means of specialized equipment. Do not attempt to disassemble this unit. Disassembly will result
in the malfunction of the unit.
7-9
FRONT CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, DIFFERENTIAL
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
CHECKING THE CONSTANT VELOCITY
JOINTS
1. Check:
• double off-set joint spline
• ball joint spline
• shaft spline
Wear/damage → Replace.
2. Check:
• dust boots
Cracks/damage → Replace.
CAUTION:
Always use a new boot band.
3. Check:
• balls and ball races
• inner surface of double off-set joint
Pitting/wear/damage → Replace.
CHECKING THE DIFFERENTIAL GEAR
1. Check:
• gear teeth
Pitting/galling/wear → Replace drive pinion
gear and ring gear as a set.
• bearings
Pitting/damage → Replace.
• oil seals
• O-rings
Damage → Replace.
2. Check:
• drive shaft splines
• universal joints
• drive pinion gear splines
Wear/damage → Replace.
• spring
Fatigue → Replace.
Move the spring up and down.
7 - 10
FRONT CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, DIFFERENTIAL
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
1
DRIV
3. Check:
• front drive shaft
Bends → Replace.
• torque limiter
Loose → Replace the front drive shaft.
WARNING
Do not attempt to straighten a bent shaft;
this may dangerously weaken the shaft.
È
CHECKING THE GEAR MOTOR
1. Check:
• gear motor
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Connect two C size batteries to the gear
motor terminals 1 (as shown in the illustrations).
CAUTION:
É
• Do not use a 12 V battery to operate the
pinion gear.
• Do not connect the batteries to the gear
motor when it is installed in the gear
case. The gear motor should be checked
when it is removed from the gear case.
È Check that the pinion gear 2 turns counterclockwise.
É Check that the pinion gear 2 turns clockwise.
NOTE:
Do not disassemble the gear motor or remove
the pinion gear.
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ASSEMBLING THE FRONT CONSTANT
VELOCITY JOINTS
1. Apply:
• molybdenum disulfide grease
(into the ball joint assembly)
NOTE:
Molybdenum disulfide grease is included in the
repair kit.
7 - 11
FRONT CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, DIFFERENTIAL
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
2. Install:
• dust boots 1
• boot bands 2, 3 New
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Apply molybdenum disulfide grease into the
dust boots.
Molybdenum disulfide grease
40 g (1.4 oz) per dust boot (front
wheel side)
45 g (1.6 oz) per dust boot (differential gear case side)
b. Install the dust boots.
c. Install the dust boot bands.
NOTE:
• The new boot bands may differ from the original ones.
• The dust boots should be fastened with the
boot bands 3 at the grooves in the joint
shaft.
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3. Check:
• free play (thrust movement)
Excessive play → Replace the joint assembly.
ASSEMBLING THE DIFFERENTIAL GEAR
1. Measure:
• gear lash
Refer to “MEASURING AND ADJUSTING
THE DIFFERENTIAL GEAR LASH”.
2. Install:
• gear motor
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Slide the shift fork sliding gear 1, which is
installed to the differential gear, to the right
to put it into the 2WD mode.
7 - 12
FRONT CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, DIFFERENTIAL
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
b. Connect two C size batteries to the gear
motor terminal 2 to operate the pinion gear
3. Operate the pinion gear until the paint
mark 4 on the gear is aligned with the paint
mark 5 on the gear motor case.
CAUTION:
Do not use a 12 V battery to operate the
pinion gear.
c. Insert 8 mm bolts 6 into the gear motor 7
and use them as a guide to set the motor on
the differential gear assembly 8 so that the
shift fork sliding gear 9 does not move.
CAUTION:
If the position of the shift fork sliding gear
is moved, the position of the differential
gear and the indicator light display may differ, and the 2WD or differential lock mode
may not be activated.
d. Remove the 8 mm bolts, and then install the
motor with the gear motor bolts.
T.
Gear motor bolts
13 Nm (1.3 m · kg, 9.4 ft · lb)
R.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
Install:
universal joint yoke
O-ring
washer
nut
62 Nm (6.2 m · kg, 45 ft · lb)
Use a universal joint holder 1.
T.
R.
3.
•
•
•
•
Universal joint holder
P/N. YM-04062, 90890-04062
NOTE:
Apply locking agent (LOCTITE®) to the nut
threads.
7 - 13
FRONT CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, DIFFERENTIAL
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
4. Check:
• differential gear operation
Unsmooth operation → Replace the differential gear assembly.
Insert the double off-set joint into the differential gear, and turn the gear back and
forth.
ASSEMBLING THE UNIVERSAL JOINT
1. Install:
• universal joint
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Install the opposite yoke into the universal
joint.
b. Apply wheel bearing grease to the bearings.
c. Install the bearing 1 onto the yoke.
CAUTION:
Check each bearing. The needles can easily fall out of their races. Slide the yoke
back and forth on the bearings; the yoke
will not go all the way onto a bearing if a
needle is out of plate.
d. Press each bearing into the universal joint
using a suitable socket.
NOTE:
The bearing must be inserted far enough into
the universal joint so that the circlip can be
installed.
e. Install the circlips 2 into the groove of each
bearing.
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MEASURING AND ADJUSTING THE
DIFFERENTIAL GEAR LASH
Measuring the differential gear lash
1. Secure the gear case in a vise or another
supporting device.
2. Remove:
• drain plug
• gasket
7 - 14
FRONT CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, DIFFERENTIAL
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
3. Install:
• a bolt of the specified size 1
(into the drain plug hole)
CAUTION:
Finger tighten the bolt until it holds the ring
gear. Otherwise, the ring gear will be damaged.
4. Attach:
• gear lash measurement tool 1
• dial gauge 2
Gear lash measurement tool
P/N. YM-01467, 90890-01467
a Measuring point is 21 mm (0.83 in)
5. Measure:
• gear lash
Gently rotate the gear coupling from
engagement to engagement.
Differential gear lash
0.05 ~ 0.25 mm
(0.002 ~ 0.010 in)
NOTE:
Measure the gear lash at four positions. Rotate
the shaft 90° each time.
Adjusting the differential gear lash
1. Remove:
• shim(s) (left) 1
• differential gear assembly 2
• shim(s) (right) 3
7 - 15
FRONT CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, DIFFERENTIAL
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
2. Adjust:
• gear lash
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Select the suitable shims using the following
chart.
Too little gear
lash
Reduce right shim
thickness.
Too large
gear lash
Increase right shim
thickness.
Ring gear shim (left and right)
Thickness (mm)
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
1.0
1.5*
* right shim only
NOTE:
• Use a combination of shims (left and right) so
that the differential gear lash is within specification.
• Always keep the total combined thickness of
the shims (left and right) the same.
Example:
If the differential gear lash exceeds the specification, increase the thickness of the right
shim(s) by 0.1 mm (0.004 in) and decrease the
thickness of the left shim(s) by 0.1 mm
(0.004 in).
b. Measure the differential gear lash again.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
CHECKING THE DIFFERENTIAL GEAR
OPERATION
1. Block the rear wheels, and elevate the front
wheels by placing a suitable stand under
the frame.
2. Remove the center cap from the axle nut
(right or left).
7 - 16
FRONT CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, DIFFERENTIAL
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
3. Measure the starting torque of the front
wheel (i.e., differential gear preload) with a
torque wrench.
NOTE:
• Repeat this step several times to obtain an
average figure.
• During this test, the other front wheel will turn
in the opposite direction.
T.
R.
Front wheel starting torque
(differential gear preload)
New unit
17 ~ 25 Nm
(1.7 ~ 2.5 m · kg, 12 ~ 18 ft · lb)
Minimum
10 Nm (1.0 m · kg, 7.2 ft · lb)
4. Out of specification → Replace the differential gear assembly.
5. Within specification → Install the new cotter
pin and wheel cap.
7 - 17
REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE GEAR AND DRIVE
SHAFT
T.
R.
70 Nm (7.0m • kg, 51 ft • Ib)
1
LS
LS
2
4
6
5
3
LS
1
Order
Job/Part
Removing the rear constant velocity
joints, final drive gear and drive
shaft
Rear skid plate
Q’ty
Muffler/exhaust pipe
Final gear oil
Rear knuckle
Rear lower arm
Brake caliper assembly
7 - 18
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED” in chapter 8.
Refer to “ENGINE REMOVAL” in chapter
4.
Drain.
Refer to “REAR KNUCKLE AND STABILIZER” in chapter 8.
Refer to “REAR ARMS AND REAR
SHOCK ABSORBER” in chapter 8.
Refer to “FRONT AND REAR BRAKES”
in chapter 8.
REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
T.
R.
70 Nm (7.0m • kg, 51 ft • Ib)
1
LS
LS
2
4
6
5
3
LS
1
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
Job/Part
Rear constant velocity joint
Final drive gear case breather hose
Final drive gear assembly
Compression spring
Coupling gear
Drive shaft
Q’ty
Remarks
2
NOTE:
Remove the constant velocity joint on the
right side of the vehicle, rotate the final
gear assembly slightly so that the constant velocity joint on the left side clears
the frame, and then remove it.
1
1
1
1
1
Disconnect.
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
7 - 19
REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Job/Part
Disassembling the rear constant
velocity joint
Circlip
Boot band
Boot band
Dust boot
Circlip
Double off-set joint
Circlip
Ball bearing
Joint shaft assembly
Q’ty
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
DRIV
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “ASSEMBLING THE REAR
CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS”.
For assembly, reverse the disassembly
procedure.
7 - 20
REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
A
Job/Part
Disassembling the final gear case
Rear brake disc
Q’ty
Bolt
Final drive pinion gear shim
Drive shaft coupling
Final drive pinion gear
Inner race
Oil seal
Bearing retainer
Bearing
O-ring
Final drive pinion gear bearing housing
Ring gear stopper
4
*
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
7 - 21
DRIV
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “REAR WHEELS AND BRAKE
DISC” in chapter 8.
Refer to “DISASSEMBLING THE
FINAL GEAR CASE” and “ASSEMBLING THE FINAL GEAR CASE”.
REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
Order
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
Job/Part
Bolt
Bolt
Oil seal
Bearing
O-ring
Ring gear bearing housing
Ring gear shim
Ring gear
Thrust washer
Oil seal
Final gear case
Q’ty
2
6
1
1
1
1
*
1
1
1
1
7 - 22
DRIV
Remarks
NOTE:
Working in a crisscross pattern, loosen
each bolt 1/4 of a turn. After all the bolts
are loosened, remove them.
REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
Order
M
N
Job/Part
Bearing
Bearing
Q’ty
1
1
7 - 23
DRIV
Remarks
Refer to “REMOVING THE FINAL
DRIVE ROLLER BEARINGS” and
“INSTALLING THE FINAL DRIVE
ROLLER BEARINGS”.
For assembly, reverse the disassembly
procedure.
REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
ASSEMBLING THE REAR CONSTANT
VELOCITY JOINTS
1. Apply:
• molybdenum disulfide grease
(into the ball joint assembly)
2. Install:
• dust boots 1
• boot bands 2, 3 New
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Apply molybdenum disulfide grease into the
dust boots.
Molybdenum disulfide grease
40 g (1.8 oz) per dust boot (rear
wheel side)
60 g (2.3 oz) per dust boot (final
gear case side)
b. Install the dust boots.
c. Install the dust boot bands.
NOTE:
• The new boot bands may differ from the original ones.
• The dust boots should be fastened with the
boot bands 3 at the grooves in the joint
shaft.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
3. Check:
• free play (thrust movement)
Excessive play → Replace the joint assembly.
DISASSEMBLING THE FINAL GEAR CASE
1. Remove:
• drive shaft coupling nut
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Place a folded rag 1.
b. Secure the drive shaft coupling edge in the
vise.
c. Remove the drive shaft coupling nut.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
7 - 24
REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
2. Remove:
• final drive pinion gear bearing housing
assembly 1
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Clean the outside surface of the final drive
pinion gear.
b. Place the final drive pinion gear in a hydraulic press.
CAUTION:
_
• Never directly press the gear end with a
hydraulic press, this will result in damage
to the gear thread.
• Install the suitable socket 2 on the gear
end to protect the thread from damage.
c. Press the gear end and remove the bearing
housing assembly.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
3. Remove:
• bearing retainer
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Place a folded rag 1.
b. Secure the final drive pinion gear bearing
housing edge in the vise.
c. Attach the bearing retainer wrench 2.
Bearing retainer wrench
P/N. YM-04128, 90890-04128
d. Remove the bearing retainer.
CAUTION:
The bearing retainer has left-handed
threads. To loosen the retainer, turn it
clockwise.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
REMOVING THE FINAL DRIVE ROLLER
BEARINGS
1. Remove:
• roller bearing (ring gear) 1
Use a suitable press tool 2 and an appropriate support for the main housing.
7 - 25
REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
2. Remove:
• roller bearing (final drive pinion gear) 1
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Heat the main housing only to 150 °C
(302 °F).
b. Remove the roller bearing outer race with
an appropriately shaped punch 2.
c. Remove the inner race from the final drive
pinion gear.
NOTE:
The removal of the final drive pinion gear roller
bearing is difficult and seldom necessary.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
INSTALLING THE FINAL DRIVE ROLLER
BEARINGS
1. Install:
• roller bearing (final drive pinion
gear) New
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Heat the main housing only to 150 °C
(302 °F).
b. Install the roller bearing outer race using the
proper adapter.
c. Install the inner race onto the drive pinion
gear.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
2. Install:
• roller bearing (ring gear) 1
Use a suitable press tool 2 and a press to
install the above components into the main
housing.
POSITIONING THE FINAL DRIVE PINION
GEAR AND RING GEAR
When the final drive pinion gear, ring gear,
final gear case and/or ring gear bearing housing are replaced, be sure to adjust the positions of the final drive pinion gear and ring gear
using the shim(s).
7 - 26
REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
Selecting the final drive pinion gear shim
1. Select:
• final drive pinion gear shim(s) 1
1
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
“A”
a. To find the final drive pinion gear shim thickness “A”, use the following formula.
Final drive pinion gear shim thickness:
“A” = a + (c – b) – d
b c
a
d
a = 92.5 mm
b = a numeral (usually a decimal number) on
the final drive pinion gear bearing housing
either added to “34”
c = a numeral (usually a decimal number) on
the final drive pinion gear bearing housing
either added to “55”
d = a numeral (usually a decimal number) on
the final gear case either added to “112”
Example:
1) a = 92.5
2) If “98” is stamped on the final drive pinion
gear bearing housing,
b = 34 + 0.98
= 34.98
3) If “48” is stamped on the final drive pinion
gear bearing housing,
c = 55 + 0.48
= 55.48
4) If “03” is stamped on the final gear case,
d = 112 + 0.03
= 112.03
5) Therefore, “A” is 0.97.
“A” = 92.5 + (55.48 – 34.98) – 112.03
= 0.97
6) Round off the hundredth digit and select the
appropriate shim(s).
In the example above, the calculated number is 0.97. The chart instructs you to round
off 7 to 5 at the hundredth place. Thus, the
shim thickness is 0.95 mm.
7 - 27
Hundredths
Rounded value
0, 1, 2
0
3, 4, 5, 6, 7
5
8, 9
10
REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
Shims are supplied in the following thicknesses.
Final drive pinion gear shim
Thickness (mm)
0.25
0.40
0.30
0.45
0.35
0.50
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
Selecting the ring gear shim
1. Select:
• ring gear shim(s) 1
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. To find the ring gear shim thickness “B”, use
the following formula.
Ring gear shim thickness
“B” = e – f – (g + h)
1
f
h
g
“B”
e
e = a numeral (usually a decimal number) on
the final gear case either added to “50”
f = a numeral (usually a decimal number) on
the outside of the ring gear bearing housing and added to 1
g = a numeral (usually a decimal number) on
the inside of the ring gear either added to
or subtracted from 35.00
h = bearing thickness (considered constant)
Bearing thickness h
14.00 mm
Example:
1) If “98” is stamped on the final gear case,
e = 50 + 0.98
= 50.98
2) If “55” is stamped on the ring gear bearing
housing,
f = 1 + 0.55
= 1.55
3) If “–05” is stamped on the ring gear,
g = 35 – 0.05
= 34.95
4) h = 14.00
5) Therefore, shim thickness “B” is 0.48.
“B” = 50.98 – 1.55 – (34.95 + 14.00)
= 49.43 – 48.95
= 0.48
7 - 28
REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
6) Round off the hundredth digit and select the
appropriate shim(s).
In the example above, the calculated number is 0.48. The chart instructs you to round
off 8 to 10 at the hundredth place.
Thus, the shim thickness is 0.50 mm.
Hundredths
Rounded value
0, 1, 2
0
3, 4, 5, 6, 7
5
8, 9
10
Shims are supplied in the following thicknesses.
Ring gear shim
Thickness (mm)
0.25
0.40
0.30
0.45
0.35
0.50
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
Selecting the thrust washer
1. Measure:
• ring gear thrust clearance “C”
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Place four pieces of Plastigauge® between
the originally fitted thrust washer and the
ring gear.
b. Install the final gear case assembly and
tighten the bolts to specification.
T.
R.
“C”
M8 bolts (ring gear bearing housing)
23 Nm (2.3 m · kg, 17 ft · lb)
M10 bolts (ring gear bearing
housing)
40 Nm (4.0 m · kg, 29 ft · lb)
NOTE:
Do not turn the drive pinion gear and ring gear
when measuring the clearance with Plastigauge®.
7 - 29
REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
c. Remove the final gear case assembly.
d. Measure the thrust clearance. Calculate the
width of the flattened Plastigauge® 1.
Ring gear thrust clearance
0.1 ~ 0.2 mm (0.004 ~ 0.008 in)
e. If out of specification, select the correct
washer.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
2. Select:
• ring gear thrust clearance “C”
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Select a suitable thrust washer using the
following chart.
Thrust washer
Thickness (mm)
1.0
1.3
1.6
1.9
1.1
1.4
1.7
2.0
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.1
b. Repeat the measurement steps until the
ring gear thrust clearance is within the
specified limits.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
Adjusting the ring gear stopper
1. Install:
• ring gear stopper
• nut
2. Adjust:
• ring gear stopper clearance
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Finger tighten the ring gear stopper 1 until
it contacts the ring gear 2.
b. Turn the ring gear stopper 120° counterclockwise.
c. Tighten the ring gear stopper nut 3.
T.
Ring gear stopper nut
16 Nm (1.6 m · kg, 11 ft · lb)
R.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
7 - 30
REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
1
2
DRIV
CHECKING THE DRIVE SHAFT
1. Check:
• drive shaft (splines) 1
• coupling gear (splines) 2
Wear/damage → Replace.
CHECKING THE FINAL GEAR CASE
1. Check:
• final gear case 1
• ring gear bearing housing 2
Cracks/damage → Replace.
NOTE:
When the final gear case and/or the ring gear
bearing housing are replaced, be sure to
adjust the shim of the final drive pinion gear
and/or ring gear.
2. Check:
• gear teeth
Pitting/galling/wear → Replace the drive
pinion gear and ring gear as a set.
• oil seals
• O-rings
Damage → Replace.
3. Check:
• bearings
Damage → Replace.
NOTE:
• Reusing roller bearings is acceptable, but
Yamaha recommends installing new ones.
Do not reuse the oil seal.
• When the final drive pinion gear and/or ring
gear are replaced, be sure to adjust the shim
of the final drive pinion gear and/or ring gear.
7 - 31
REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
MEASURING AND ADJUSTING THE FINAL
GEAR LASH
Measuring the final gear lash
1. Secure the gear case in a vise or another
supporting device.
2. Remove:
• drain plug
• gasket
3. Install:
• a bolt of the specified size 1
(into the drain plug hole)
CAUTION:
Finger tighten the bolt until it holds the ring
gear. Otherwise, the ring gear will be damaged.
4. Attach:
• gear lash measurement tool 1
• dial gauge 2
Gear lash measurement tool
P/N. YM-01467, 90890-01467
a Measuring point is 31.1 mm (1.22 in)
5. Measure:
• gear lash
Gently rotate the gear coupling from
engagement to engagement.
Final gear lash
0.1 ~ 0.3 mm (0.004 ~ 0.012 in)
NOTE:
Measure the gear lash at four positions. Rotate
the shaft 90° each time.
7 - 32
REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
Adjusting the final gear lash
1. Remove:
• ring gear bearing housing 1
• ring gear shim(s) 2
• ring gear 3
• thrust washer 4
2. Adjust:
• gear lash
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Select a suitable shim(s) and
washer(s) using the following chart.
thrust
Too little gear
lash
Reduce shim thickness.
Too large
gear lash
Increase shim thickness.
b. If increased by more than 0.2 mm
(0.008 in):
Reduce the thrust washer thickness by
0.2 mm (0.008 in) for every 0.2 mm of ring
gear shim increase.
c. If reduced by more than 0.2 mm (0.008 in):
Increase the thrust washer thickness by
0.2 mm (0.008 in) for every 0.2 mm that the
ring gear shim is decreased.
Ring gear shim
Thickness (mm)
0.25
0.40
0.30
0.45
0.35
0.50
1.1
1.4
1.7
2.0
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.1
Thrust washer
Thickness (mm)
1.0
1.3
1.6
1.9
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
ASSEMBLING THE FINAL GEAR CASE
1. Adjust:
• final gear lash
Refer to “MEASURING AND ADJUSTING
THE FINAL GEAR LASH”.
7 - 33
REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
2. Install:
• ring gear bearing housing
• M8 bolts (ring gear bearing housing) 1
T.
R.
23 Nm (2.3 m · kg, 17 ft · lb)
• M10 bolts (ring gear bearing housing) 2
T.
R.
40 Nm (4.0 m · kg, 29 ft · lb)
NOTE:
Apply Quick Gasket® to the bolts 1 and 2
threads.
3. Install:
• bearing retainer
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Place a folded rag 1.
b. Secure the final drive pinion gear bearing
housing edge in the vise.
NOTE:
Apply locking agent (LOCTITE®) to the threads
of bearing retainer.
c. Attach the bearing retainer wrench 2.
Bearing retainer wrench
P/N. YM-04128, 90890-04128
d. Tighten the bearing retainer.
T.
R.
Bearing retainer
170 Nm (17.0 m · kg, 125 ft · lb)
LOCTITE®
CAUTION:
The bearing retainer has left-hand threads.
Turn the retainer counterclockwise to
tighten it.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
7 - 34
REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE
GEAR AND DRIVE SHAFT
DRIV
4. Install:
• drive shaft coupling nut
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Place a folded rag 1.
b. Secure the drive shaft coupling edge in the
vise.
c. Tighten the drive shaft coupling nut.
T.
Drive shaft coupling nut
80 Nm (8.0 m · kg, 58 ft · lb)
R.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
5. Check:
• final drive gear operation
Unsmooth operation → Replace the final
drive gear assembly.
Insert the double off-set joint into the final
drive gear, and turn the gear back and forth.
7 - 35
SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD AND CARGO BED
CHAS
CHASSIS
SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD AND CARGO BED
FRONT BUMPER AND HOOD
4
T.
R.
16 Nm (1.6 m • kg, 11 ft • Ib)
3
T.
R.
32 Nm (3.2 m • kg, 23 ft • Ib)
T.
R.
59 Nm (5.9 m • kg, 43 ft • Ib)
T.
R.
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
2
1
Order
1
2
3
4
Job/Part
Removing the front bumper and
front fender
Front bumper protector
Front bumper
Headlight coupler
Hood
Q’ty
1
1
2
1
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Disconnect.
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
8-1
8
CHAS
SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD AND CARGO BED
SEATS, CONSOLE AND INSTRUMENT PANELS
2
T.
R.
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
1
3
(7)
13
12
(16)
14
T.
R.
35 Nm (3.5 m • kg, 25 ft • Ib)
6
12
(5)
4
(9)
11
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
10
Job/Part
Removing the seats, console and
instrument panels
Driver seat
Passenger seat
Console
Steering wheel cover
Steering wheel
Pedal cover
Light switch coupler
Main switch coupler
On-Command four-wheel drive switch
and differential gear lock switch
Indicator/warning light coupler
9
Q’ty
5
8
7
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
Disconnect.
Disconnect.
Disconnect.
2
Disconnect.
8-2
CHAS
SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD AND CARGO BED
2
T.
R.
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
1
3
(7)
13
12
(16)
14
T.
R.
35 Nm (3.5 m • kg, 25 ft • Ib)
6
12
(5)
4
(9)
11
Order
11
12
13
14
Job/Part
Auxiliary DC jack connector
Nut/starter cable
Upper instrument panel
Lower instrument panel
10
9
5
8
7
Q’ty
Remarks
2
Disconnect.
1/1
1
1
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
8-3
SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD AND CARGO BED
CHAS
PANELS AND FOOTREST COVER
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
T.
6
R.
10
T.
R.
8
16 Nm (1.6 m • kg, 11 ft • Ib)
6
5
2
7
(4)
4
(6)
(4)
9
(6)
3
(12)
(4)
13
(4)
(8)
11
1
(8)
12
T.
R.
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Job/Part
Removing the panels and footrest
cover
Left side panel
Right side panel
Left corner panel
Right corner panel
Air duct end cover
Protector cap
Left protector 2
Right protector 2
Left protector 1
Right protector 1
Footrest cover
Driver seat support
Q’ty
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
8-4
32 Nm (3.2 m • kg, 23 ft • Ib)
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD AND CARGO BED
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
T.
6
R.
10
CHAS
T.
R.
8
16 Nm (1.6 m • kg, 11 ft • Ib)
6
5
2
7
(4)
4
(6)
(4)
9
(6)
3
(12)
(4)
13
(4)
(8)
11
1
(8)
12
T.
R.
Order
13
Job/Part
Passenger seat support
Q’ty
1
32 Nm (3.2 m • kg, 23 ft • Ib)
Remarks
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
8-5
SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD AND CARGO BED
CHAS
CARGO BED
T.
R.
16 Nm (1.6 m • kg, 11 ft • Ib)
1
New
2
New
3
1
2
4
3
T.
R.
Order
1
2
3
4
16 Nm (1.6 m • kg, 11 ft • Ib)
Job/Part
Removing the cargo bed
Tail/brake light connector
Damper
Pin
Cargo bed assembly
Q’ty
6
2
2
1
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Disconnect.
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
8-6
SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD AND CARGO BED
CHAS
T.
R.
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
(12)
T.
R.
5
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
5
(12)
2
(9)
3
4
1
7
4
T.
R.
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
(9)
6
3
T.
R.
26 Nm (2.6 m • kg, 19 ft • Ib)
T.
R.
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Job/Part
Disassembling the cargo bed
Hinge cover
Tailgate
Cargo bed panel
Tail/brake light bulb holder
Mud guard
Cargo bed release lever
Cargo bed
Q’ty
11 Nm (1.1 m • kg, 8.0 ft • Ib)
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
2
1
2
2
2
1
1
For assembly, reverse the disassembly
procedure.
8-7
SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD AND CARGO BED
CHAS
SKID PLATES
T.
R.
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
(4)
3
(4)
(7)
(7)
2
(11)
1
(11)
(11)
(11)
T.
R.
Order
1
2
3
Job/Part
Removing the engine skid plates
Front skid plate
Center skid plate
Rear skid plate
Q’ty
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
1
1
1
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
8-8
CHAS
SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD AND CARGO BED
ENCLOSURE AND SEAT BELTS
(8)
2
T.
R.
64 Nm (6.4 m • kg, 46 ft • Ib)
1
T.
R.
64 Nm (6.4 m • kg, 46 ft • Ib)
(4)
6
3
4
T.
R.
64 Nm (6.4 m • kg, 46 ft • Ib)
T.
R.
59 Nm (5.9 m • kg, 43 ft • Ib)
7
(4)
5
(8)
8
T.
R.
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Job/Part
Removing the enclosure and seat
belts
Front top frame
Rear top frame
Left support frame
Right support frame
Left side frame
Right side frame
Seat belt
Buckle
59 Nm (5.9 m • kg, 43 ft • Ib)
Q’ty
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
8-9
FRONT WHEELS AND BRAKE DISCS
CHAS
FRONT WHEELS AND BRAKE DISCS
T.
R.
260 Nm (26.0 m • kg, 190 ft • lb)
4
3
New
1
LT
LT
6
5
2
T.
R.
30 Nm (3.0 m • kg, 22 ft • Ib)
T.
R.
48 Nm (4.8 m • kg, 35 ft • Ib)
T.
R.
Order
Job/Part
Removing the front wheel
Q’ty
55 Nm (5.5 m • kg, 40 ft • Ib)
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Place the vehicle on a level surface.
WARNING
Securely support the vehicle so there
is no danger of it falling over.
1
Front wheel
1
2
3
Center cap
Axle nut
1
1
8 - 10
Refer to “INSTALLING THE FRONT
WHEEL”.
Refer to “INSTALLING THE FRONT
WHEEL HUB”.
FRONT WHEELS AND BRAKE DISCS
CHAS
T.
R.
260 Nm (26.0 m • kg, 190 ft • lb)
4
3
New
1
LT
LT
6
5
2
T.
R.
30 Nm (3.0 m • kg, 22 ft • Ib)
T.
R.
48 Nm (4.8 m • kg, 35 ft • Ib)
T.
R.
Order
4
5
6
Job/Part
Brake caliper assembly
Front wheel hub
Brake disc
55 Nm (5.5 m • kg, 40 ft • Ib)
Q’ty
Remarks
1
NOTE:
Do not depress the brake pedal when the
brake caliper is off of the brake disc as
the brake pads will be forced shut.
1
1
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
8 - 11
FRONT WHEELS AND BRAKE DISCS
CHAS
CHECKING THE FRONT WHEEL
1. Check:
• wheel
2. Measure:
• wheel runout
Over the specified limit → Replace the
wheel or check the wheel bearing play 1.
Wheel runout limit
Radial 2: 2.0 mm (0.08 in)
Lateral 3: 2.0 mm (0.08 in)
3. Check:
• wheel balance
Out of balance → Adjust.
WARNING
After replacing the tire, ride conservatively
to allow the tire to be properly seated in the
rim. Failure to do so may cause an accident
resulting in vehicle damage and possible
injury.
1
CHECKING THE FRONT WHEEL HUB
1. Check:
• wheel hub 1
Cracks/damage → Replace.
• splines (wheel hub) 2
Wear/damage → Replace.
2
8 - 12
FRONT WHEELS AND BRAKE DISCS
CHAS
CHECKING THE FRONT BRAKE DISC
1. Check:
• brake disc
Galling/damage → Replace.
2. Measure:
• brake disc deflection
Out of specification → Check the wheel
runout.
If wheel runout is within the limits, replace
the brake disc.
Brake disc maximum deflection
0.10 mm (0.004 in)
• brake disc thickness a
Out of specification → Replace.
Brake disc minimum thickness
3.0 mm (0.12 in)
INSTALLING THE FRONT WHEEL HUB
1. Install:
• axle nut New
T.
R.
260 Nm (26.0 m · kg, 190 ft · lb)
NOTE:
• Do not apply oil to the seat of the nut.
• After tightening the nut, stake the collar of
the nut into the notch of the shaft.
INSTALLING THE FRONT WHEEL
1. Install:
• wheel
NOTE:
The arrow mark 1 on the tire must point in the
direction of rotation È of the wheel.
2. Tighten:
• wheel nuts 1
WARNING
Tapered wheel nuts 1 are used for both the
front and rear wheels. Install each nut with
its tapered side towards the wheel.
8 - 13
REAR WHEELS AND BRAKE DISC
CHAS
REAR WHEELS AND BRAKE DISC
REAR WHEELS
T.
R.
260 Nm (26.0 m • kg, 190 ft • lb)
T.
R.
55 Nm (5.5 m • kg, 40 ft • Ib)
4
3
2
New
1
Order
Job/Part
Removing the rear wheel
Q’ty
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Place the vehicle on a level surface.
WARNING
Securely support the vehicle so there
is no danger of it falling over.
1
Rear wheel
1
2
3
Center cap
Axle nut
1
1
4
Rear wheel hub
1
Refer to “INSTALLING THE REAR
WHEEL”.
Refer to “INSTALLING THE REAR
WHEEL HUB”.
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
8 - 14
REAR WHEELS AND BRAKE DISC
CHAS
REAR BRAKE DISC
T.
R.
10 Nm (1.0 m • kg, 7.2 ft • Ib)
1
(6)
Order
1
Job/Part
Removing the rear brake disc
Brake caliper assembly
Final drive gear
Rear brake disc
Q’ty
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “FRONT AND REAR BRAKES”.
Refer to “REAR CONSTANT VELOCITY
JOINTS, FINAL DRIVE GEAR AND
DRIVE SHAFT” in chapter 7.
1
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
8 - 15
REAR WHEELS AND BRAKE DISC
CHAS
CHECKING THE REAR WHEEL
1. Check:
• wheel
Refer to “CHECKING THE FRONT
WHEEL”.
2. Measure:
• wheel runout
Refer to “CHECKING THE FRONT
WHEEL”.
Over the specified limit → Replace.
Wheel runout limit
Radial: 2.0 mm (0.08 in)
Lateral: 2.0 mm (0.08 in)
3. Check:
• wheel balance
Refer to “CHECKING
WHEEL”.
Out of balance → Adjust.
THE
FRONT
CHECKING THE REAR WHEEL HUB
1. Check:
• wheel hub 1
Cracks/damage → Replace.
• splines (wheel hub) 2
Wear/damage → Replace.
1
2
a
CHECKING THE REAR BRAKE DISC
1. Check:
• brake disc
Galling/damage → Replace.
2. Measure:
• brake disc deflection
Out of specification → Replace.
Brake disc maximum deflection
0.10 mm (0.004 in)
• brake disc thickness a
Out of specification → Replace.
Brake disc minimum thickness
4.5 mm (0.18 in)
8 - 16
REAR WHEELS AND BRAKE DISC
CHAS
INSTALLING THE REAR WHEEL HUB
1. Install:
• axle nut New
Refer to “INSTALLING THE FRONT
WHEEL HUB”.
INSTALLING THE REAR WHEEL
1. Install:
• wheel
Refer to “INSTALLING THE
WHEEL”.
2. Tighten:
• wheel nuts
Refer to “INSTALLING THE
WHEEL”.
8 - 17
FRONT
FRONT
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
CHAS
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
FRONT BRAKE PADS
3
4
1
2
T.
R.
T.
R.
Order
1
2
3
4
18 Nm (1.8 m • kg, 13 ft • Ib)
48 Nm (4.8 m • kg, 35 ft • Ib)
Job/Part
Removing the front brake pads
Front wheel
Brake caliper mounting bolt
Brake pad holding bolt
Brake pad
Pad spring
Q’ty
2
2
2
1
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “FRONT WHEELS AND BRAKE
DISCS”.
Refer to “REPLACING THE FRONT
BRAKE PADS”.
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
8 - 18
CHAS
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
REAR BRAKE PADS
T.
R.
40Nm (4.0 m • kg, 29 ft • Ib)
3
6
T.
R.
7
5
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
7
4
2
1
Order
17 Nm (1.7 m • kg, 12 ft • Ib)
Job/Part
Removing the rear brake pads
Rear skid plate
Q’ty
Spring
Parking brake cable
Brake caliper mounting bolt
Brake pad holding bolt
Brake pad (piston side)
Brake pad
Insulator/pad shim
Pad spring
1
1
2
2
1
1
2/2
1
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED”.
Refer to “REPLACING THE REAR
BRAKE PADS”.
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
8 - 19
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
CHAS
CAUTION:
Disc brake components rarely require disassembly. DO NOT:
• disassemble components unless absolutely necessary;
• use solvents on internal brake components;
• use spent brake fluid for cleaning; (use
only clean brake fluid)
• allow brake fluid to come in contact with
the eyes, as this may cause eye injury;
• splash brake fluid onto painted surfaces
or plastic parts, as this may cause damage;
• disconnect any hydraulic connection, as
this would require the entire brake system to be disassembled, drained,
cleaned, properly filled and bled after
reassembly.
REPLACING THE FRONT BRAKE PADS
NOTE:
It is not necessary to disassemble the brake
caliper and brake hose to replace the brake
pads.
1. Measure:
• brake pad wear limit a
Out of specification → Replace the brake
pads as a set.
Brake pad wear limit
1.5 mm (0.06 in)
8 - 20
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
CHAS
2. Install:
• brake pads
• brake pad spring
2
NOTE:
Always install new brake pads and brake pad
spring as a set.
1
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Connect a suitable hose 1 tightly to the
brake caliper bleed screw 2. Put the other
end of this hose into an open container.
b. Loosen the brake caliper bleed screw and,
using a finger, push the caliper piston into
the brake caliper.
c. Tighten the brake caliper bleed screw.
T.
Brake caliper bleed screw
6 Nm (0.6 m · kg, 4.3 ft · lb)
R.
d. Install the retaining bolts and brake caliper.
T.
R.
Brake pad holding bolt
18 Nm (1.8 m · kg, 13 ft · lb)
Brake caliper mounting bolt
48 Nm (4.8 m · kg, 35 ft · lb)
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
3. Check:
• brake fluid level
Refer to “CHECKING THE BRAKE FLUID
LEVEL” in chapter 3.
4. Check:
• brake pedal operation
Soft or spongy feeling → Bleed the brake
system.
Refer to “BLEEDING THE HYDRAULIC
BRAKE SYSTEM” in chapter 3.
REPLACING THE REAR BRAKE PADS
NOTE:
It is not necessary to disassemble the brake
caliper and brake hose to replace the brake
pads.
8 - 21
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
CHAS
1. Measure:
• brake pad wear limit a
Out of specification → Replace the brake
pads as a set.
Brake pad wear limit
1.5 mm (0.06 in)
2. Install:
• brake pads
• brake pad spring
NOTE:
Always install new brake pads, new brake pad
shims, new insulators, and a new brake pad
spring as a set.
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Connect a suitable hose 1 tightly to the
brake caliper bleed screw 2. Put the other
end of this hose into an open container.
b. Loosen the brake caliper bleed screw, and
then turn the brake caliper piston 3 clockwise until section a of the brake caliper piston is level with the surface of the brake
caliper body.
2
1
NOTE:
Align an end b of the groove in the brake caliper piston with the punch mark c on the brake
caliper body.
3
3
a
c. Tighten the brake caliper bleed screw.
T.
Brake caliper bleed screw
5 Nm (0.5 m · kg, 3.6 ft · lb)
R.
b
c
d
d. Install new brake pads, new insulators, new
brake pad shims and a new brake pad
spring.
NOTE:
Align the projection d on the piston side of the
brake pad with the groove in the brake caliper
piston.
8 - 22
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
CHAS
e. Install the brake pad holding bolts, the brake
caliper, and the brake caliper mounting
bolts.
T.
R.
Brake pad holding bolt
17 Nm (1.7 m · kg, 12 ft · lb)
Brake caliper mounting bolt
40 Nm (4.0 m · kg, 29 ft · lb)
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
3. Check:
• brake fluid level
Refer to “CHECKING THE BRAKE FLUID
LEVEL” in chapter 3.
4. Check:
• brake pedal operation
Soft or spongy feeling → Bleed the brake
system.
Refer to “BLEEDING THE HYDRAULIC
BRAKE SYSTEM” in chapter 3.
8 - 23
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
CHAS
BRAKE MASTER CYLINDER
T.
R.
19 Nm (1.9 m • kg, 13 ft • Ib)
8
1
2
3
7
5 New
6
5 New
T.
R.
16 Nm (1.6 m • kg, 11 ft • Ib)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Job/Part
Removing the brake master cylinder
Brake fluid
Brake fluid reservoir cap
Brake fluid reservoir diaphragm
Brake fluid reservoir float
Union bolt
Copper washer
Brake hose
Brake pipe
Brake master cylinder
Q’ty
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
R.
Order
T.
4
27 Nm (2.7 m • kg, 19 ft • Ib)
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Drain.
Disconnect.
Disconnect.
Refer to “INSTALLING
THE BRAKE MASTER
CYLINDER”.
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
8 - 24
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
CHAS
3 New
1
2
6 New
New 5
T.
R.
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
4
9 Nm (0.9 m • kg, 6.5 ft • Ib)
Job/Part
Q’ty
Remarks
Disassembling the brake master cylRemove the parts in the order listed.
inder
Dust boot
1
Circlip
1
Primary brake master cylinder kit
1
Refer to “ASSEMBLING THE BRAKE
Secondary brake master cylinder kit
1
MASTER CYLINDER”.
stopper
Gasket
1
Secondary brake master cylinder kit
1
For assembly, reverse the disassembly
procedure.
8 - 25
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
CHECKING THE MASTER CYLINDER
1. Check:
• brake master cylinder 1
Wear/scratches → Replace the brake master cylinder assembly.
• brake master cylinder body
Cracks/damage → Replace.
• brake fluid delivery passage
(brake master cylinder body)
Blockage → Blow out with compressed air.
2. Check:
• brake master cylinder kit
Scratches/wear/damage → Replace as a
set.
1
È
CHAS
É
È Primary brake master cylinder kit
É Secondary brake master cylinder kit
1
2
3. Check:
• brake fluid reservoir 1
• brake fluid reservoir diaphragm 2
Cracks/damage → Replace.
EB702060
ASSEMBLING THE BRAKE MASTER
CYLINDER
WARNING
• All internal brake components should be
cleaned and lubricated with new brake
fluid only before installation.
Recommended brake fluid
DOT 4
• Whenever a master cylinder is disassembled, replace the piston seals and dust
seals.
8 - 26
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
CHAS
INSTALLING THE BRAKE MASTER
CYLINDER
1. Install:
• brake master cylinder
T.
R.
5˚
R.
~6
Install:
19 Nm (1.9 m · kg, 13 ft · lb)
brake pipe
copper washers New
brake hose
union bolt
27 Nm (2.7 m · kg, 19 ft · lb)
T.
55
T.
R.
2.
•
•
•
•
16 Nm (1.6 m · kg, 11 ft · lb)
NOTE:
Tighten the union bolt while holding the brake
hose as shown.
WARNING
Proper brake hose routing is essential to
insure safe vehicle operation. Refer to
“CABLE ROUTING” in chapter 2.
3. Fill:
• brake fluid reservoir
Recommended brake fluid
DOT 4
CAUTION:
Brake fluid may damage painted surfaces
or plastic parts. Always clean up spilled
brake fluid immediately.
WARNING
• Use only the designated quality brake
fluid: other brake fluids may deteriorate
the rubber seals, causing leakage and
poor brake performance.
• Refill with the same type of brake fluid:
mixing brake fluids may result in a harmful chemical reaction and lead to poor
brake performance.
• Be careful that water does not enter the
brake master cylinder when refilling.
Water will significantly lower the boiling
point of the brake fluid and may result in
vapor lock.
8 - 27
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
CHAS
4. Air bleed:
• brake system
Refer to “BLEEDING THE HYDRAULIC
BRAKE SYSTEM” in chapter 3.
5. Check:
• brake fluid level
Brake fluid level is under the “MIN” level line
→ Fill up.
Refer to “CHECKING THE BRAKE FLUID
LEVEL” in chapter 3.
6. Adjust:
• brake pedal free play
Refer to “ADJUSTING THE BRAKE
PEDAL” in chapter 3.
8 - 28
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
CHAS
FRONT BRAKE CALIPER
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
Job/Part
Removing the front brake caliper
Brake fluid
Front wheel
Union bolt
Copper washer
Brake hose
Brake pad holding bolt
Brake caliper mounting bolt
Brake caliper assembly
Q’ty
1
2
1
2
2
1
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Drain.
Refer to “FRONT WHEELS AND BRAKE
DISCS”.
Disconnect.
Loosen.
Refer to “INSTALLING
THE FRONT BRAKE
CALIPERS”.
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
8 - 29
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
CHAS
2
T.
R.
6 Nm (0.6 m • kg, 4.3 ft • Ib)
3
8
New
6
7
5
T.
R.
18 Nm (1.8 m • kg, 13 ft • Ib)
6
7
New
1
Order
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Job/Part
Disassembling the front brake caliper
Brake pad holding bolt
Brake pad
Pad spring
Caliper bracket
Brake caliper piston
Dust seal
Caliper piston seal
8
Bleed screw
Q’ty
2
2
1
1
2
2
2
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “DISASSEMBLING THE
FRONT BRAKE CALIPERS” and
“ASSEMBLING THE FRONT BRAKE
CALIPERS”.
1
For assembly, reverse the disassembly
procedure.
8 - 30
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
CHAS
REAR BRAKE CALIPER
T.
R.
40 Nm (4.0m • kg, 29 ft • Ib)
T.
R.
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
5
1
4
9
3
10
8
2
New 7
6
T.
R.
Order
1
2
3
4
5
Job/Part
Removing the rear brake caliper
Rear skid plate
Q’ty
Brake fluid
Parking brake switch coupler
Spring
Parking brake cable
Parking brake lever assembly mounting bolt
Parking brake lever assembly
1
1
1
1
1
8 - 31
27 Nm (2.7 m • kg, 19 ft • Ib)
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED”.
Drain.
Disconnect.
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
CHAS
T.
R.
40 Nm (4.0m • kg, 29 ft • Ib)
T.
R.
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
5
1
4
9
3
10
8
2
New 7
6
T.
R.
Order
6
7
8
9
10
Job/Part
Union bolt
Copper washer
Brake hose
Brake caliper mounting bolt
Brake caliper assembly
27 Nm (2.7 m • kg, 19 ft • Ib)
Q’ty
Remarks
1
2
Refer to “INSTALLING
1
Disconnect.
THE REAR BRAKE CALIPER”.
2
1
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
8 - 32
CHAS
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
4
3
2
6
4
5
C
D
B
E New
F New
A
7
8
9
1
0
G
A
R.
R.
T.
R.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
A
5 Nm (0.5 m • kg, 3.6 ft • Ib)
T.
T.
LS
Order
LS
17 Nm (1.7 m • kg, 12 ft • Ib)
22 Nm (2.2 m • kg, 16 ft • Ib)
Job/Part
Disassembling the rear brake caliper
Brake pad holding bolt
Brake pad (piston side)
Brake pad
Insulator/pad shim
Pad spring
Brake caliper bracket
Parking brake arm nut
Parking brake arm
Set bolt
Parking brake arm shaft
Parking brake case bolt
Q’ty
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
1
1
1
2/2
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
Refer to “ASSEMBLING THE REAR
BRAKE CALIPER”.
8 - 33
Refer to “ASSEMBLING THE REAR
BRAKE CALIPER”.
CHAS
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
4
3
2
6
4
5
C
D
B
E New
F New
A
7
8
9
1
0
G
A
17 Nm (1.7 m • kg, 12 ft • Ib)
R.
22 Nm (2.2 m • kg, 16 ft • Ib)
Job/Part
Parking brake case
Gasket
Brake caliper piston
Dust seal
Caliper piston seal
Bleed screw
R.
R.
T.
G
5 Nm (0.5 m • kg, 3.6 ft • Ib)
T.
T.
LS
Order
B
C
D
E
F
LS
Q’ty
1
1
1
1
1
Remarks
Refer to “ASSEMBLING THE REAR
BRAKE CALIPER”.
Refer to “DISASSEMBLING THE
FRONT BRAKE CALIPERS” and
“ASSEMBLING THE REAR BRAKE
CALIPER”.
1
For assembly, reverse the disassembly
procedure.
8 - 34
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
CHAS
EBS00427
1
DISASSEMBLING THE FRONT BRAKE
CALIPERS
1. Remove:
• brake caliper pistons
• dust seals 1
• caliper piston seals 2
2
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Blow compressed air into the hose joint
opening to force out the caliper piston from
the brake caliper body.
WARNING
_
• Never try to pry out a caliper piston.
• Cover the caliper piston with a rag. Be
careful not to get injured when the piston
is expelled from the caliper cylinder.
b. Remove the dust seals and caliper piston
seals.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
DISASSEMBLING THE REAR BRAKE
CALIPER
1. Remove:
• brake caliper piston 1
• dust seal 2
• caliper piston seal 3
1
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Turn the brake caliper piston counterclockwise to remove it.
WARNING
Never try to pry out the caliper piston.
3
2
b. Remove the dust seal and caliper piston
seal.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
8 - 35
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
CHAS
EB702040
CHECKING THE FRONT AND REAR BRAKE
CALIPERS
Recommended brake component
replacement schedule:
Brake pads
As required
Piston seals, dust
seals
Every two years
Brake hoses
Every two years
Brake fluid
Replace when
brakes are
disassembled.
WARNING
All internal brake components should be
cleaned in new brake fluid only. Do not use
solvents as they will cause seals to swell
and distort.
È
2
1
2
3
1
É
2
1
3
1. Check:
• brake caliper pistons 1
Scratches/rust/wear → Replace the brake
caliper assembly.
• brake caliper cylinders 2
Wear/scratches → Replace the brake caliper assembly.
• brake caliper body 3
Cracks/damage → Replace.
• brake fluid delivery passage (brake caliper
body)
Blockage → Blow out with compressed air.
WARNING
Replace the caliper piston seals and dust
seals whenever the brake caliper is disassembled.
È Front
É Rear
8 - 36
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
CHAS
EBS00431
ASSEMBLING THE FRONT BRAKE
CALIPERS
The following procedure applies to both of the
front brake calipers.
WARNING
_
• All internal brake components should be
cleaned and lubricated with new brake
fluid only before installation.
Recommended brake fluid
DOT 4
• Replace the caliper piston seals and dust
seal whenever a brake caliper is disassembled.
2 New
1. Install:
• caliper piston seals 1 New
• dust seals 2 New
1 New
2. Install:
• brake caliper pistons 1
1
8 - 37
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
CHAS
EBS00432
ASSEMBLING THE REAR BRAKE CALIPER
WARNING
_
• All internal brake components should be
cleaned and lubricated with new brake
fluid only before installation.
Recommended brake fluid
DOT 4
• Replace the caliper piston seal and dust
seal whenever a brake caliper is disassembled.
1 New
2 New
1. Install:
• caliper piston seal 1 New
• dust seal 2 New
1
1
a
1
b
c
4
2. Install:
• brake caliper piston 1
Turn the brake caliper piston clockwise until
section a of the brake caliper piston is level
with the surface of the brake caliper body.
NOTE:
Align an end b of the groove in the brake caliper piston with the punch mark c on the brake
caliper body.
3.
•
•
•
3
3
Install:
gasket 1
parking brake case 2
parking brake case bolts 3
T.
R.
• O-ring 4
1
2
8 - 38
22 Nm (2.2 m · kg, 16 ft · lb)
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
a
1
4.
•
•
•
•
1
b
CHAS
Install:
parking brake arm shaft 1
parking brake arm 2
set bolt 3
parking brake arm nut 4
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
NOTE:
Apply lithium-soap-based grease to the parking brake arm shaft and set bolt.
d
a
3
c
4
2
a. Screw in the parking brake arm shaft counterclockwise completely so that the punch
mark a on the parking brake arm shaft is
between the alignment marks b.
NOTE:
The hole for the parking brake arm shaft has
multiple threads. If the punch mark a on the
parking brake arm shaft is not between the
alignment marks b when the parking brake
arm shaft is screwed in completely, remove
the parking brake arm shaft and screw it in
from a different starting position.
b. Turn the parking brake arm shaft approximately 60° clockwise.
c. Install the parking brake arm to the parking
brake arm shaft so that the punch mark c
on the parking brake arm is aligned with the
punch mark a on the parking brake arm
shaft.
d. Turn the parking brake arm until it contacts
the pin d.
e. Finger tighten the set bolt.
f. Tighten the parking brake arm nut.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
a
5. Install:
• brake pad (piston side) 1
(with insulator and pad shim)
NOTE:
Align the projection a on the piston side of the
brake pad with the groove in the brake caliper
piston.
1
8 - 39
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
CHAS
6. Install:
• brake pad holding bolts
T.
R.
17 Nm (1.7 m · kg, 12 ft · lb)
EBS00434
1
a
3
T.
R.
2
New
INSTALLING THE FRONT BRAKE
CALIPERS
The following procedure applies to both of the
front brake calipers.
1. Install:
• brake caliper assembly
• brake caliper mounting bolts
48 Nm (4.8 m · kg, 35 ft · lb)
T.
• brake hose 1
• copper washers 2 New
27 Nm (2.7 m · kg, 19 ft · lb)
• union bolt 3
R.
CAUTION:
_
When installing the brake hose on the
brake caliper, make sure that the brake
pipe touches the projection a on the brake
caliper.
WARNING
_
Proper brake hose routing is essential to
insure safe vehicle operation. Refer to
“CABLE ROUTING” in chapter 2.
2. Fill:
• brake reservoir
Recommended brake fluid
DOT 4
CAUTION:
_
Brake fluid may damage painted surfaces
or plastic parts. Always clean up spilled
brake fluid immediately.
8 - 40
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
CHAS
WARNING
_
• Use only the designated quality brake
fluid: other brake fluids may deteriorate
the rubber seals, causing leakage and
poor brake performance.
• Refill with the same type of brake fluid:
mixing brake fluids may result in a harmful chemical reaction and lead to poor
brake performance.
• Be careful that water does not enter the
master cylinder when refilling. Water will
significantly lower the boiling point of the
brake fluid and may result in vapor lock.
3. Air bleed:
• brake system
Refer to “BLEEDING THE HYDRAULIC
BRAKE SYSTEM” in chapter 3.
4. Check:
• brake fluid level
Brake fluid level is below the “MIN” level line
→ Add the recommended brake fluid to the
proper level.
Refer to “CHECKING THE BRAKE FLUID
LEVEL” in chapter 3.
EBS00436
1
INSTALLING THE REAR BRAKE CALIPER
1. Install:
• brake caliper assembly
• brake caliper mounting bolts
T.
R.
40 Nm (4.0 m · kg, 29 ft · lb)
• brake hose 1
• copper washers New
27 Nm (2.7 m · kg, 19 ft · lb)
• union bolt 2
1~11˚
2
T.
R.
NOTE:
Tighten the union bolt while holding the brake
hose as shown.
_
WARNING
_
Proper brake hose routing is essential to
insure safe vehicle operation. Refer to
“CABLE ROUTING” in chapter 2.
8 - 41
FRONT AND REAR BRAKES
CHAS
2. Fill:
• brake reservoir
Recommended brake fluid
DOT 4
CAUTION:
_
Brake fluid may damage painted surfaces
or plastic parts. Always clean up spilled
brake fluid immediately.
WARNING
_
• Use only the designated quality brake
fluid: other brake fluids may deteriorate
the rubber seals, causing leakage and
poor brake performance.
• Refill with the same type of brake fluid:
mixing brake fluids may result in a harmful chemical reaction and lead to poor
brake performance.
• Be careful that water does not enter the
master cylinder when refilling. Water will
significantly lower the boiling point of the
brake fluid and may result in vapor lock.
3. Air bleed:
• brake system
Refer to “BLEEDING THE HYDRAULIC
BRAKE SYSTEM” in chapter 3.
4. Check:
• brake fluid level
Brake fluid level is below the “MIN” level line
→ Add the recommended brake fluid to the
proper level.
Refer to “CHECKING THE BRAKE FLUID
LEVEL” in chapter 3.
5. Adjust:
• parking brake cable free play
Refer to “ADJUSTING THE PARKING
BRAKE” in chapter 3.
8 - 42
PEDAL ASSEMBLY
CHAS
PEDAL ASSEMBLY
2
3
T.
R.
16 Nm (1.6 m • kg, 11 ft • Ib)
4
6
New
5
7
1
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Job/Part
Removing the pedal assembly
Steering wheel cover/steering wheel/
pedal cover/upper instrument panel/
lower instrument panel
Steering joint
Brake master cylinder
Splash plate
Brake light switch coupler
Brake switch
Throttle cable
Pin
Brake pedal rod
Pedal assembly
Q’ty
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED”.
Refer to “STEERING SYSTEM”.
Refer to “FRONT AND REAR BRAKES”.
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Disconnect.
Disconnect.
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
8 - 43
CHAS
PEDAL ASSEMBLY
LS
1
7
7 6
8
3
9
5
Job/Part
Disassembling the pedal assembly
Spring
Circlip
Washer
Brake pedal
Spring
Circlip
Washer
Accelerator pedal
Pedal assembly bracket
Q’ty
23
4
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
For assembly, reverse the disassembly
procedure.
8 - 44
STEERING SYSTEM
CHAS
STEERING SYSTEM
STEERING COLUMN AND STEERING ASSEMBLY
1
T.
R.
21 Nm (2.1 m • kg, 15 ft • Ib)
T.
R.
2
22 Nm (2.2 m • kg, 16 ft • Ib)
T.
R.
39 Nm (3.9 m • kg, 28 ft • Ib)
3
T.
R.
Order
1
2
3
48 Nm (4.8 m • kg, 35 ft • Ib)
Job/Part
Removing the steering column and
steering assembly
Steering wheel cover/steering wheel/
upper instrument panel/lower instrument panel
Steering shaft
Steering joint
Steering assembly
Q’ty
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “SEATS, ENCLOSURE, HOOD
AND CARGO BED”.
1
1
1
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
8 - 45
STEERING SYSTEM
2
CHAS
4
T.
R.
New 3
40 Nm (4.0 m • kg, 29 ft • Ib)
1
8 New
9
A
B
0
C
7
6
5
1
3 New
4
2
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
A
B
Job/Part
Disassembling the steering assembly
Tie-rod end locknut
Tie-rod end
Plastic locking tie
Dust boot
Adjuster
Spring
Pressure pad
Oil seal
Circlip
Pinion gear
Circlip
Bearing
Q’ty
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
8 - 46
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “ASSEMBLING THE STEERING ASSEMBLY”.
Refer to “DISASSEMBLING THE
STEERING ASSEMBLY” and “ASSEMBLING THE STEERING ASSEMBLY”.
STEERING SYSTEM
2
CHAS
4
T.
R.
New 3
40 Nm (4.0 m • kg, 29 ft • Ib)
1
8 New
9
A
B
0
C
7
6
5
1
3 New
4
2
Order
C
Job/Part
Steering assembly
Q’ty
Remarks
1
Refer to “ASSEMBLING THE STEERING
ASSEMBLY”.
For assembly, reverse the disassembly
procedure.
8 - 47
STEERING SYSTEM
CHAS
DISASSEMBLING THE STEERING
ASSEMBLY
1. Remove:
• oil seal
• circlip
• pinion gear with bearing 1
NOTE:
Lightly tap on the steering housing with a soft
hammer to remove the pinion gear easily.
CHECKING THE STEERING JOINT
1. Check:
• steering joint
Rough movement → Replace.
CHECKING THE STEERING ASSEMBLY
1. Check:
• pinion gear bearing
Check the bearing movement on the pinion
gear by rotating with the fingers.
Roughness → Replace.
1
2. Check:
• pinion needle bearing 1
Damage → Replace.
NOTE:
When replacing the pinion needle bearing, it is
recommended to replace the steering assembly. The steering housing may be subject to
damage during removal of the pinion needle
bearing.
8 - 48
STEERING SYSTEM
CHAS
3. Check:
• rack gear teeth 1
• pinion gear teeth 2
Wear/damage → Replace the steering
assembly.
1
2
NOTE:
The wear pattern on the rack and pinion gear
teeth should be uniform. An uneven wear pattern may indicate improper adjustment or lack
of lubrication.
4. Check:
• pressure pad 1
Wear/damage → Replace.
• dust boots 2
Damage → Replace.
1
2
5. Check:
• tie-rod free play and movement
Free play → Replace the tie-rod end.
Turns roughly → Replace the tie-rod end.
6. Check:
• tie-rods
Bends/damage → Replace.
ASSEMBLING THE STEERING ASSEMBLY
1. Lubricate:
• bearings
• rack gear
• pinion gear
• oil seal
Recommended lubricant
Molybdenum disulfide grease
8 - 49
STEERING SYSTEM
2.
•
•
•
•
•
a
CHAS
Install:
steering assembly
bearing
circlips
pinion gear
oil seal New
NOTE:
After centering the rack gear, make two alignment marks a on the pinion gear and the
steering housing to mark the position of the
pinion gear. This is necessary to install the
steering joint to the pinion gear properly.
3. Apply lithium-soap-based grease to the
gear surface of the rack gear.
Lithium-soap-based grease
5 ~ 10 g (0.2 ~ 0.4 oz)
4. Adjust:
• rack gear-pinion gear backlash
15~25˚
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
1
a. Install the force pressure pad, spring, and
adjuster.
b. Tighten the adjuster 1.
T.
R.
Adjuster
3.9 Nm (0.39 m · kg, 2.8 ft · lb)
LOCTITE®
c. Loosen the adjuster 15 ~ 25°.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
5.
•
•
•
•
Install:
dust boots
plastic locking tie New
tie-rod end
tie-rod end locknut
T.
R.
40 Nm (4.0 m · kg, 29 ft · lb)
INSTALLING THE STEERING SYSTEM
1. Adjust:
• toe-in
Refer to “ADJUSTING THE TOE-IN” in
chapter 3.
8 - 50
STEERING SYSTEM
CHAS
TIE-ROD AND STEERING KNUCKLE
5
T.
R.
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
1
T.
R.
39 Nm (3.9 m • kg, 28 ft • Ib)
New
2
New
9
New
3
R.
R.
30 Nm (3.0 m • kg, 22 ft • Ib)
T.
T.
Order
6 4
8
7
3
Job/Part
Removing the tie-rod and steering
knuckle
Front wheel/brake disc
Q’ty
LS
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “FRONT WHEELS AND BRAKE
DISCS”.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Tie-rod
Brake disc guard
Nut
O-ring
Brake hose holder bolt
Steering knuckle
1
1
2
1
1
1
7
8
9
Circlip
Rubber boot
Ball joint
1
1
1
Refer to “REMOVING THE STEERING
KNUCKLES”.
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
8 - 51
STEERING SYSTEM
CHAS
REMOVING THE STEERING KNUCKLES
1. Remove:
• steering knuckle 1
NOTE:
Use a general puller to separate the ball joints
2 from the steering knuckle 1 or the front
lower arm 3.
CHECKING THE TIE-RODS
1. Check:
• tie-rod free play and movement
Free play → Replace the tie-rod end.
Turns roughly → Replace the tie-rod end.
2. Check:
• tie-rods
Bends/damage → Replace.
CHECKING THE STEERING KNUCKLES
1. Check:
• steering knuckles
Damage/pitting → Replace.
2. Check:
• ball joints
Damage/pitting → Replace the ball joint.
Free play → Replace the ball joint.
Turns roughly → Replace the ball joint.
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Clean the outside of the steering knuckle.
b. Remove the steering knuckle oil seal.
c. Remove the circlip 1 and rubber boot 2.
Use the ball joint remover and installer set.
8 - 52
STEERING SYSTEM
CHAS
Ball joint remover/installer set
P/N. 90890-01474
Ball joint adapter set
P/N. YM-01474
Ball joint remover/installer attachment set
P/N. YM-01477
3
Body
YM-01474
90890-01474
4
Long bolt
YM-01474
90890-01474
5
Short bolt
YM-01477
6
Remover washer
YM-01477
7
Remover spacer
YM-01477
8
Installer
attachment
YM-01477
9
Installer spacer
YM-01477
0
Installer guide
YM-01477
d. Install the body 3, short bolt 5, remover
washer 6 and remover spacer 7 onto the
ball joint.
NOTE:
• Remover washer 6 must be aligned with the
projection on the head of the ball joint.
• Surface a of the remover spacer 7 must be
aligned with the surface b of the steering
knuckle.
e. Hold the body 3 in place while turning in
the short bolt 5 to remove the ball joint A
from the steering knuckle.
f. Remove the ball joint remover/installer.
g. Install the long bolt 4, installer spacer 9
and installer guide 0 onto the body 3.
8 - 53
STEERING SYSTEM
CHAS
h. Attach the assembled ball joint remover/
installer, new ball joint B and installer
attachment 8 to the steering knuckle C.
NOTE:
Do not tap or damage the top of the ball joint.
i. Hold the body 3 in place while turning in
the long bolt 4 to install the new ball joint
B into the steering knuckle C.
j. Remove the ball joint remover/installer.
k. Apply lithium-soap base grease to the new
ball joint B.
l. Install a new rubber boot and new circlip.
NOTE:
Always use a new ball joint set.
m. Install a steering knuckle oil seal.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
3. Check:
• front wheel bearings
Bearings allow play in the wheel hubs or the
wheel turns roughly → Replace.
• oil seals
Damage → Replace.
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Clean the outside of the steering knuckle.
b. Remove the oil seals 1.
c. Drive out the bearings 2.
WARNING
2
1
3
1
Eye protection is recommended when
using striking tools.
d. Remove the spacer 3.
e. Apply lithium base grease to the bearings
and oil seals.
f. Install the spacer to the steering knuckle.
g. Install the new bearings.
NOTE:
Install the outside bearing first.
CAUTION:
Do not strike the center race or balls of the
bearing. Contact should be made only with
the outer race.
8 - 54
STEERING SYSTEM
CHAS
h. Install the new oil seals.
NOTE:
When installing the oil seals, the “seal side” of
the oil seal faces out.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
8 - 55
FRONT ARMS AND FRONT SHOCK ABSORBER
CHAS
FRONT ARMS AND FRONT SHOCK ABSORBER
T.
R.
T.
R.
45 Nm (4.5 m • kg, 32 ft • Ib)
45 Nm (4.5 m • kg, 32 ft • Ib)
6
7
6
LS
LS
9
8
8
9
6
8
4
8
LS
6
4
10
11
4
3
LS
4
T.
R.
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
New
5
5
1
T.
R.
2
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
3
T.
R.
30 Nm (3.0 m • kg, 22 ft • Ib)
New
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Job/Part
Removing the front arms and front
shock absorber
Front wheel/brake disc
Q’ty
Brake disc guard
Front arm protector
Nut
Bolt/nut
Front lower arm/bushing
Nut/bolt
Front shock absorber
Bolt/nut
Front upper arm/bushing
1
1
2
2/2
1/2
2/2
1
2/2
1/2
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “FRONT WHEELS AND BRAKE
DISCS”.
8 - 56
Refer to “REMOVING THE FRONT
ARMS” and “INSTALLING THE FRONT
ARMS AND FRONT SHOCK
ABSORBER”.
FRONT ARMS AND FRONT SHOCK ABSORBER
T.
R.
T.
R.
45 Nm (4.5 m • kg, 32 ft • Ib)
CHAS
45 Nm (4.5 m • kg, 32 ft • Ib)
6
7
6
LS
LS
9
8
8
9
6
8
4
8
LS
6
4
10
11
4
3
LS
4
T.
R.
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
New
5
5
1
T.
R.
2
7 Nm (0.7 m • kg, 5.1 ft • Ib)
3
T.
R.
30 Nm (3.0 m • kg, 22 ft • Ib)
New
Order
10
11
Job/Part
Circlip
Ball joint
Q’ty
1
1
Remarks
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
8 - 57
FRONT ARMS AND FRONT SHOCK ABSORBER
CHAS
REMOVING THE FRONT ARMS
1. Check:
• front arm free play
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Check the front arm side play È by moving
it from side to side.
If side play is noticeable, check the bushings.
b. Check the front arm vertical movement É
by moving it up and down.
If the vertical movement is tight or rough, or
if there is binding, check the bushings.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
2. Remove:
• front arms
CHECKING THE FRONT ARMS
1. Check:
• front arms
Bends/damage → Replace.
2. Check:
• bushings
Wear/damage → Replace.
3. Check:
• ball joint
Damage/pitting → Replace the ball joint.
Free play → Replace the ball joint.
Turns roughly → Replace the ball joint.
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Clean the outside of the front lower arm.
b. Remove the circlip 1 and rubber boot 2.
Use the ball joint remover and installer set.
8 - 58
FRONT ARMS AND FRONT SHOCK ABSORBER
CHAS
Ball joint remover/installer set
P/N. 90890-01474
Ball joint adapter set
P/N. YM-01474
Ball joint remover/installer attachment set
P/N. YM-01477
3
Body
YM-01474
90890-01474
4
Long bolt
YM-01474
90890-01474
5
Remover washer
YM-01477
6
Remover spacer
YM-01477
7
Installer
attachment
YM-01477
8
Installer spacer
YM-01477
9
Installer guide
YM-01477
c. Install the body 3, long bolt 4, remover
washer 5 and remover spacer 6 onto ball
joint.
NOTE:
Remover washer 5 must be aligned with the
projection on the head of the ball joint.
d. Hold the body 3 in place while turning in
the long bolt 4 to remove the ball joint 0
from the front lower arm.
e. Remove the ball joint remover/installer.
f. Install the long bolt 4, installer spacer 8
and installer guide 9 onto the body 3.
g. Attach the assembled ball joint remover/
installer, new ball joint A and installer
attachment 7 to the front lower arm B.
NOTE:
Do not tap or damage the top of the ball joint.
h. Hold the body 3 in place while turning in
the long bolt 4 to install the new ball joint
A into the front lower arm B.
i. Remove the ball joint remover/installer.
8 - 59
FRONT ARMS AND FRONT SHOCK ABSORBER
CHAS
j. Apply lithium-soap base grease to the new
ball joint A.
k. Install a new rubber boot and new circlip.
NOTE:
Always use a new ball joint set.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
CHECKING THE FRONT SHOCK
ABSORBER
1. Check:
• shock absorber rod
Bends/damage → Replace the shock
absorber assembly.
• shock absorber assembly
Oil leaks → Replace the shock absorber
assembly.
• spring
Fatigue → Replace the shock absorber
assembly.
Move the spring up and down.
8 - 60
FRONT ARMS AND FRONT SHOCK ABSORBER
CHAS
INSTALLING THE FRONT ARMS AND
FRONT SHOCK ABSORBER
1. Install:
• front arms
• front shock absorber
6
5
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Install the front upper arm 1 and front lower
arm 2.
NOTE:
• Lubricate the bolts 3 with lithium-soapbased grease.
• Be sure to position the bolts 3 so that the
bolt head faces outward.
• Temporarily tighten the nuts 4.
6
1
34
7
34
b. Install the front shock absorber 5.
T.
Nut 6
45 Nm (4.5 m · kg, 32 ft · lb)
R.
2
7
c. Install the ball joints.
T.
Nut 7
30 Nm (3.0 m · kg, 22 ft · lb)
R.
d. Install the new cotter pins.
e. Tighten the nuts 4.
T.
Nut 4
45 Nm (4.5 m · kg, 32 ft · lb)
R.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
8 - 61
CHAS
REAR KNUCKLE AND STABILIZER
REAR KNUCKLE AND STABILIZER
6
T.
R.
32 Nm (3.2m • kg, 23 ft • Ib)
7
6
5
7
8
5
T.
R.
56 Nm (5.6 m • kg, 40 ft • Ib)
T.
R.
T.
3
R.
LS
1
LS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
45 Nm (4.5 m • kg, 32 ft • Ib)
43
3
Order
56 Nm (5.6 m • kg, 40 ft • Ib)
2
4 3
Job/Part
Removing the rear knuckle and
stabilizer
Rear wheel hubs
O-ring
Rear knuckle
Spacer cover
Spacer
Stabilizer joint
Stabilizer holder
Bushing
Stabilizer
Q’ty
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “REAR WHEELS AND BRAKE
DISC”.
1
1
4
2
2
2
2
1
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
8 - 62
REAR KNUCKLE AND STABILIZER
CHAS
CHECKING THE REAR KNUCKLE
1. Check:
• rear knuckle
Damage/pitting → Replace.
2. Check:
• rear wheel bearings
Bearings allow play in the wheel hubs or the
wheel turns roughly → Replace.
• oil seals
Damage → Replace.
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
1
1
a. Clean the outside of the rear knuckle.
b. Remove the oil seals 1.
c. Drive out the bearings 2.
WARNING
3
Eye protection is recommended when
using striking tools.
2
d. Remove the spacer 3.
e. Apply lithium base grease to the bearings
and oil seals.
f. Install the spacer to the rear knuckle.
g. Install the new bearings.
NOTE:
Install the outside bearing first.
CAUTION:
Do not strike the center race or balls of the
bearing. Contact should be made only with
the outer race.
h. Install a new oil seal.
NOTE:
When installing the oil seals, the “seal side” of
the oil seal faces out.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
CHECKING THE STABILIZER
1. Check:
• stabilizer
Bends/cracks/damage → Replace.
8 - 63
REAR ARMS AND REAR SHOCK ABSORBER
CHAS
REAR ARMS AND REAR SHOCK ABSORBER
3
T.
R.
45 Nm (4.5 m • kg, 32 ft • Ib)
LS
LS
T.
45 Nm (4.5 m • kg, 32 ft • Ib)
R.
1
1
1
5
5
2
5
2
T.
R.
45 Nm (4.5 m • kg, 32 ft • Ib)
5
LS
6
4
3
6
3
T.
R.
Order
1
2
3
4
5
6
45 Nm (4.5 m • kg, 32 ft • Ib)
Job/Part
Removing the rear arms and rear
shock absorber
Rear knuckle/stabilizer
Q’ty
Nut/bolt
Rear upper arm/bushing
Nut/bolt
Rear shock absorber
Nut/bolt
Rear lower arm/bushing
2/2
1/2
2/2
1
2/2
1/2
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
Refer to “REAR KNUCKLE AND STABILIZER”.
Refer to “INSTALLING THE REAR
ARMS AND REAR SHOCK
ABSORBER”.
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
8 - 64
REAR ARMS AND REAR SHOCK ABSORBER
2
2
CHAS
CHECKING THE REAR ARMS
1. Check:
• rear arms 1
Bends/damage → Replace.
2. Check:
• bushings 2
Wear/damage → Replace.
1
CHECKING THE REAR SHOCK ABSORBER
1. Check:
• shock absorber rod
Bends/damage → Replace the shock
absorber assembly.
• shock absorber assembly
Oil leaks → Replace the shock absorber
assembly.
• spring
Move the spring up and down.
Fatigue → Replace the shock absorber
assembly.
8 - 65
REAR ARMS AND REAR SHOCK ABSORBER
INSTALLING THE REAR ARMS AND REAR
SHOCK ABSORBER
1. Install:
• rear arms
• rear shock absorber
6
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
5
a. Install the rear upper arm 1 and rear lower
arm 2.
34
1
7
CHAS
NOTE:
• Lubricate the bolts 3 with lithium-soapbased grease.
• Be sure to position the bolts 3 so that the
bolt head faces inward.
• Temporarily tighten the nuts 4.
b. Install the rear shock absorber 5.
7
2
6
T.
Nut 6
45 Nm (4.5 m · kg, 32 ft · lb)
R.
c. Install the rear knuckle.
T.
Nut 7
45 Nm (4.5 m · kg, 32 ft · lb)
R.
d. Tighten the nuts 4.
T.
Nut 4
45 Nm (4.5 m · kg, 32 ft · lb)
R.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
8 - 66
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
ELEC
–
+
EB800000
ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
1 Diode 1
2 Thermo switch 2
3 Diode 2
4 Circuit breaker
(radiator fan motor)
5 Carburetor heater
6 Thermo switch 1
7 Ignition coil
8 Gear position switch
9 Reverse switch
0 Brake light switch
A Parking brake switch
B Pickup coil/stator assembly
C Speed sensor
D Gear motor
E Radiator fan
F Thermo switch 3
5
6
4
7
3
8
2
9
1
0
F
E
A
D
9
B
C
9-1
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
1 Rectifier/regulator
2 Auxiliary DC jack
3 Indicator light assembly 1
4 Indicator light assembly 2
5 On-Command four-wheel drive switch and differential gear lock switch
6 Main switch
7 Light switch
8 Four-wheel drive relay 1
9 Four-wheel drive relay 2
0 Starter relay
–
ELEC
+
A Main fuse
B Four-wheel drive relay 3
C Differential gear lock indicator light relay
D Four-wheel drive indicator light relay
E Fuse box
F C.D.I. unit
G Battery
4
2
3
5
1
6
G
7
8
F
E
D
9
A
C
B
9-2
0
CHECKING THE SWITCH
ELEC
–
+
CHECKING THE SWITCH
CHECKING THE SWITCH
Use a pocket tester to check the terminals for
continuity. If the continuity is faulty at any
point, replace the switch.
Pocket tester
P/N. YU-03112-C, 90890-03112
NOTE:
• Set the pocket tester to “0” before starting
the test.
• The pocket tester should be set to the “Ω × 1”
range when testing the switch for continuity.
• Turn the switch on and off a few times when
checking it.
CHECKING A SWITCH SHOWN IN THE
MANUAL
The terminal connections for switches (main
switch, light switch, etc.) are shown in a chart
similar to the one on the left.
This chart shows the switch positions in the
column and the switch lead colors in the top
row.
For each switch position, “
” indicates
the terminals with continuity.
The example chart shows that:
Br/L R B L/B
OFF
ON
START
1
Br/L R
B L/B
1 There is continuity between the “Brown/Blue and
Red” leads when the switch is set to “ON”.
9-3
CHECKING THE SWITCH
–
ELEC
+
CHECKING THE SWITCH CONTINUITY
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH” and check for continuity between lead terminals.
Poor connection, no continuity → Correct or replace.
The coupler locations are circled.
*
2
1
3
L/B L/G L/R Sb Br Gy G/R B
Br
Y
G/R Gy
2WD
L/R L/G
4WD
Sb L/B
LOCK
(BLACK)
B
Br
(GRAY)
(BLACK)
4
Br/L R B L/B
OFF
ON
START
5
R/Y L Y G
OFF
9
8
6
7
L
P
Gy W
9-4
L/R B
CHECKING THE SWITCH
1 Fuse
2 Brake light switch
3 On-Command four-wheel drive switch and differential gear lock switch
4 Main switch
5 Light switch
6 Parking brake switch
7 Gear position switch
8 Reverse switch
9 Four-wheel drive switch
9-5
ELEC
–
+
CHECKING THE BULBS AND BULB SOCKETS
ELEC
–
+
EB801020
CHECKING THE BULBS AND
BULB SOCKETS
Check each bulb and bulb socket for damage
or wear, proper connections, and also for continuity between the terminals.
Damage/wear → Repair or replace the
bulb, bulb socket or both.
Improperly connected → Properly connect.
Incorrect continuity reading → Repair or
replace the bulb, bulb socket or both.
TYPES OF BULBS
The bulbs used on this vehicle are shown in
the illustration on the left.
• Bulbs A and B are used for headlights and
usually use a bulb holder which must be
detached before removing the bulb. The
majority of these bulbs can be removed from
their respective socket by turning them counterclockwise.
• Bulb C is used for turn signal and tail/brake
lights and can be removed from the socket
by pushing and turning the bulb counterclockwise.
• Bulbs D and E are used for meter and indicator lights and can be removed from their
respective socket by carefully pulling them
out.
CHECKING THE CONDITION OF THE
BULBS
The following procedure applies to all of the
bulbs.
1. Remove:
• bulb
9-6
CHECKING THE BULBS AND BULB SOCKETS
ELEC
–
+
WARNING
Since the headlight bulb gets extremely
hot, keep flammable products and your
hands away from the bulb until it has
cooled down.
CAUTION:
• Be sure to hold the socket firmly when
removing the bulb. Never pull the lead,
otherwise it may be pulled out of the terminal in the coupler.
• Avoid touching the glass part of the headlight bulb to keep it free from oil, otherwise the transparency of the glass, the
life of the bulb and the luminous flux will
be adversely affected. If the headlight
bulb gets soiled, thoroughly clean it with
a cloth moistened with alcohol or lacquer
thinner.
2. Check:
• bulb (for continuity)
(with the pocket tester)
No continuity → Replace.
Pocket tester
P/N. YU-03112-C, 90890-03112
NOTE:
Before checking for continuity, set the pocket
tester to “0” and to the “Ω × 1” range.
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Connect the tester (+)
and the tester (–) lead
check the continuity.
b. Connect the tester (+)
and the tester (–) lead
check the continuity.
c. If either of the readings
ity, replace the bulb.
lead to terminal 1
to terminal 2, and
lead to terminal 1
to terminal 3, and
indicate no continu-
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
9-7
CHECKING THE BULBS AND BULB SOCKETS
ELEC
–
+
CHECKING THE CONDITION OF THE BULB
SOCKETS
The following procedure applies to all of the
bulb sockets.
1. Check:
• Bulb socket (for continuity)
(with the pocket tester)
No continuity → Replace.
Pocket tester
P/N. YU-03112-C, 90890-03112
NOTE:
Check each bulb socket for continuity in the
same manner as described in the bulb section;
however, note the following.
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Install a good bulb into the bulb socket.
b. Connect the pocket tester probes to the
respective leads of the bulb socket.
c. Check the bulb socket for continuity. If any
of the readings indicate no continuity,
replace the bulb socket.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
9-8
9-9
B
p
L
L
R/B L
B
L
B
n
P
P
Br/L
Br/L
R/Y
B
B
B
G Y
B
G
B
B
R/W
L
r
Y R/Y
Y G
G Y
Br/L
i
Y G
Y G
B
L/B
q
Y G
OFF
m
R/Y
Br/L
R
(BLACK)
R
W
B
W
2
W
L Y G
ON
OFF
START
W
W
W
j
3
W
W
W
q
(BLACK)
B LB
Br/L R
k
1
(BROWN)
L B
o
R/B
R/B
l
Br/L
W
W W
W
W/R W/G
W W
R W/G
W/L W/R
W/G R
R
W/G
W/R
W/G
B
Y L
B
R
r
B
Br Br Br
L/R G/L Sb
Br
B
B
B
R
Br
Sb
G/L
7
8
R
Br
L/R
R
Y/L L/B
Br
W/L
[
L/B
(BLUE)
W/B
B
Br
W/Y
W/Y
b
B/G
(BLUE)
B
B
c
(GRAY)
Br
Gy G/R
(GRAY)
B/R
Br
B/G
(BLACK)
L/G L/R
L/B Sb
Br/R
Br/R
(BLACK)
Sb Br
B
Z
B
B
B/Y
(BLACK)
B/Y Br/B B B/R W/B
(BLACK)
L/B B Br Sb
L/R B
U
G/R
Gy
Br/B
Br/R
Br/R
(BLACK)
B/Y
Br/R
Br/R B L/R
B
G/W
G/W
G/W
Sb B/Y W/B
L/B Br Br/B B/R
L/B
L/R
L/G
L/G B
Y/B
Gy
2WD
4WD
LOCK
L/W
B/Y
Br/B
Br/R
Br/R B L/G
V
Y
X
Y/B Gy
Br/R L/R
B/Y
Br
Y/L
B/Y L/W
A
G/R Gy
B Br
Br/R
L/R
(BLACK)
Br B/G
B/R B
W/L
Br/R
(BLACK)
B/Y Br
(BLACK)
Br
Y
Y/L
0
Br/L
L/R L/G
Sb L/B
W
Br
] _ a
Br
W/L
L/B
L/B
Y/L
(BLACK)
Br W/Y
W/B B
Br Br Br
W/L B/G W/Y
Br Br Br
W/Y B/G W/L
\
9
B
B
R
R
e f g
Br
R/G
R/W R/W R/W
Sb G/L L/R
d
Br
Br/L
h
5
4
Y L
Br/L
R
B
6
R
W/R
W/G
L/W
R/W
G/W
Y/B
G/R
Sb
G/L
W/B
B/R
T
S
R
B
Y
Y
Br
W/L
B
C
R/G
R/W
B/R
W/B
G/L
G/R
L/R
(BLACK)
(BLACK)
R
W L/Y Y/B
G/L
B/R
R/W L/W O B
R W/R W/G
G/W W/B
Sb G/R
W
G
L/Y
O
B
Sb W/R B
L/W
H
W W/L
B A B
O O A O
(BLACK)
L/Y W
B
(GRAY)
W/L B/R L/W
G/L Sb W
(GRAY)
L/W B/R W/L
W Sb G/L
W L/Y
B/L
F
O
B
W/R L/R
W/B R/W
L/R W/R
R/W W/B
(BLACK)
L/R B
Q
B
L
P
W/R L/W
Sb
Gy W
Sb
B
G/R R/G
(BLACK)
B
R/G G/R
P
L/W
W/R
1 A.C. magneto
3 Main switch
6 Battery
7 Main fuse
C C.D.I. unit
D Ignition coil
E Spark plug
i Ignition fuse
B L/R
L/R
B
O
(GRAY)
WIRE HARNESS IGNITION COIL LEAD
(GRAY)
A
I J K L M N O
B
L/Y
W
E
D
IGNITION SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
EB802000
IGNITION SYSTEM
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
IGNITION SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
EB802010
TROUBLESHOOTING
IF THE IGNITION SYSTEM FAILS TO OPERATE (NO SPARK OR INTERMITTENT SPARK):
Procedure
Check:
1. Fuses (main, ignition)
2. Battery
3. Spark plug
4. Ignition spark gap
5. Spark plug cap resistance
6. Ignition coil resistance
7. Main switch
8. Pickup coil resistance
9. Rotor rotation direction detection coil resistance
10.Wiring connection (the entire ignition system)
NOTE:
• Remove the following part(s) before troubleshooting:
1) Console
2) Footrest cover
• Use the following special tool(s) for troubleshooting.
Pulse ignition spark checker
P/N. YM-34487
Ignition checker
P/N. 90890-06754
Pocket tester
P/N. YU-03112-C, 90890-03112
EB802011
NO CONTINUITY
1. Fuses (main, ignition)
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CONTINUITY
Replace the fuse(s).
EB802012
2. Battery
• Check the battery condition.
Refer to “CHECKING AND CHARGING
THE BATTERY” in chapter 3.
Open-circuit voltage
12.8 V or more at 20 °C (68 °F)
INCORRECT
• Clean the battery terminals.
• Recharge or replace the battery.
CORRECT
*
9 - 10
IGNITION SYSTEM
ELEC
*
3. Spark plug
Standard spark plug
DPR8EA-9/NGK
• Check the spark plug condition.
• Check the spark plug type.
• Check the spark plug gap.
Refer to “CHECKING THE SPARK PLUG”
in chapter 3.
INCORRECT
Spark plug gap
0.8 ~ 0.9 mm (0.031 ~ 0.035 in)
CORRECT
Repair or replace the spark plug.
4. Ignition spark gap
• Disconnect the spark plug cap from the
spark plug.
• Connect the pulse ignition spark checker
or ignition checker 1 as shown.
2 Spark plug cap
• Turn the main switch to “ON”.
• Check the ignition spark gap a.
• Crank the engine by pushing the starter
switch, and increase the spark gap until a
misfiring occurs.
Minimum spark gap
6.0 mm (0.24 in)
*
OUT OF
SPECIFICATION
OR NO SPARK
MEETS SPECIFICATION
The ignition system is not faulty.
9 - 11
–
+
IGNITION SYSTEM
ELEC
*
5. Spark plug cap resistance
• Remove the spark plug cap.
• Connect the pocket tester (Ω × 1k) to the
spark plug cap.
• Check that the spark plug cap has the
specified resistance.
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
Spark plug cap resistance
10 kΩ at 20 °C (68 °F)
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
Replace the spark plug cap.
6. Ignition coil resistance
• Disconnect the ignition coil connector from
the wire harness.
• Connect the pocket tester (Ω × 1) to the
ignition coil.
Tester (+) lead → Orange lead terminal
Tester (–) lead → Ignition coil base
• Check that the primary coil has the specified resistance.
Primary coil resistance
0.18 ~ 0.28 Ω at 20 °C (68 °F)
• Connect the pocket tester (Ω × 1k) to the
ignition coil.
Tester (+) lead → Orange lead terminal
Tester (–) lead → Spark plug lead
• Check that the secondary coil has the
specified resistance.
Secondary coil resistance
6.32 ~ 9.48 kΩ at 20 °C (68 °F)
BOTH MEET
SPECIFICATION
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
Replace the ignition coil.
*
9 - 12
–
+
IGNITION SYSTEM
ELEC
–
*
INCORRECT
7. Main switch
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CORRECT
Replace the main switch.
8. Pickup coil resistance
• Disconnect the A.C. magneto coupler from
the wire harness.
• Connect the pocket tester (Ω × 100) to the
pickup coil terminal.
Tester (+) lead → White/Red terminal 1
Tester (–) lead →
White/Green terminal 2
• Check the pickup coil for the specified
resistance.
Pickup coil resistance
459 ~ 561 Ω at 20 °C (68 °F)
(White/Red – White/Green)
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
Replace the pickup coil/stator assembly.
9. Rotor rotation direction detection coil
resistance
• Disconnect the A.C. magneto coupler from
the wire harness.
• Connect the pocket tester (Ω × 1) to the
rotor rotation direction detection coil terminal.
Tester (+) lead → Red terminal 1
Tester (–) lead → White/Blue terminal 2
• Check the rotor rotation direction detection
coil for the specified resistance.
Rotor rotation direction detection coil resistance
0.063 ~ 0.077 Ω at 20 °C (68 °F)
(Red – White/Blue)
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
Replace the pickup coil/stator assembly.
*
9 - 13
+
IGNITION SYSTEM
ELEC
*
POOR CONNECTION
10.Wiring connection
• Check the connections of the entire ignition system.
Refer to “CIRCUIT DIAGRAM”.
Properly connect the ignition system.
CORRECT
Replace the C.D.I. unit.
9 - 14
–
+
9 - 15
(BROWN)
R/B L
L
n
P
P
Br/L
(BLACK)
B LB
Br/L R
k
1
Br/L
R/Y
Y G
OFF
m
R/Y
Br/L
R
B
B
L
L
L B
B
B
G
B
B
B
G Y
B
B
B
Y G
G Y
R/W
L
r
Y R/Y
Y G
Y G
Br/L
i
L/B
(BLACK)
R
W
B
W
2
W
L Y G
ON
OFF
START
W
W
W
j
3
W
W
W
3 Main switch
6 Battery
p
7 Main fuse
8 Starter relay
9 Starter motor
q
q
0 Brake light switch
A Diode 1
C C.D.I. unit
P Gear position switch
h Signaling system fuse
i Ignition fuse
o
R/B
R/B
l
Br/L
W
W W
W
W/R W/G
W W
R W/G
W/L W/R
W/G R
R
W/G
W/R
W/G
B
Y L
B
R
r
B
Br Br Br
L/R G/L Sb
Br
B
B
B
R
Br
Sb
G/L
7
8
R
Br
L/R
R
Y/L L/B
Br
W/L
[
L/B
(BLUE)
W/B
B
Br
W/Y
W/Y
b
B/G
B/Y Br
(BLUE)
B
B
c
(GRAY)
B/R
Br
B/G
(BLACK)
Br
Gy G/R
(GRAY)
L/G L/R
L/B Sb
(BLACK)
Br/R
L/R
B/Y
Br
Y/L
Br/R
Br/R
(BLACK)
Sb Br
B
Z
B
B
B/Y
(BLACK)
B/Y Br/B B B/R W/B
(BLACK)
L/B B Br Sb
L/R B
U
G/R
Gy
Br/B
Br/R
Br/R
(BLACK)
B/Y
Br/R
Br/R B L/R
B
G/W
G/W
G/W
Sb B/Y W/B
L/B Br Br/B B/R
L/B
L/R
L/G
L/G B
Y/B
Gy
2WD
4WD
LOCK
Y
X
L/W
B/Y
Br/B
Br/R
Br/R B L/G
V
B/Y L/W
Y/B Gy
Br/R L/R
(BLACK)
G/R Gy
B Br
Br B/G
B/R B
W/L
Br/R
Br/L
Y
(BLACK)
Br
0
Y/L
A
L/R L/G
Sb L/B
W
Br
] _ a
Br
W/L
L/B
L/B
Y/L
(BLACK)
Br W/Y
W/B B
Br Br Br
W/L B/G W/Y
Br Br Br
W/Y B/G W/L
\
9
B
B
R
R
e f g
Br
R/G
R/W R/W R/W
Sb G/L L/R
d
Br
Br/L
h
5
4
Y L
Br
Br/L
R
B
6
R
W/R
W/G
L/W
R/W
G/W
Y/B
G/R
Sb
G/L
W/B
B/R
T
S
R
B
Y
Y
Br
W/L
B
C
R/G
R/W
B/R
W/B
G/L
G/R
L/R
(BLACK)
(BLACK)
R
W L/Y Y/B
G/L
B/R
R/W L/W O B
R W/R W/G
G/W W/B
Sb G/R
W
G
L/Y
O
B
Sb W/R B
L/W
H
W W/L
B A B
O O A O
(BLACK)
L/Y W
B
(GRAY)
W/L B/R L/W
G/L Sb W
(GRAY)
L/W B/R W/L
W Sb G/L
W L/Y
B/L
F
O
B
B L/R
L/R B
Q
B
L/R
B
O
(GRAY)
W/R L/R
W/B R/W
B
L/R W/R
(BLACK)
L
P
W/R L/W
Sb
Gy W
Sb
B
G/R R/G
(BLACK)
R/G G/R
R/W W/B
WIRE HARNESS IGNITION COIL LEAD
(GRAY)
A
P
L/W
W/R
I J K L M N O
B
L/Y
W
E
D
ELECTRIC STARTING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
EB803000
ELECTRIC STARTING SYSTEM
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
ELECTRIC STARTING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
STARTING CIRCUIT OPERATION
The starting circuit on this model consists of
the starter motor, starter relay, brake light
switch, C.D.I. unit and gear position switch. If
the main switch is “START” position, the
starter motor can be operated only if:
• The transmission is in neutral (the gear
position switch is in the neutral gear position).
or
• The brake pedal is pressed (the brake light
switch is closed).
Y/L
4
5
B/Y
6
7
Br
1 Main fuse
2 Battery
3 Starter relay
4 Starter motor
5 Diode 1
6 Signaling system fuse
7 Brake light switch
8 Ignition fuse
9 C.D.I. unit
0 Gear position switch
È TO MAIN SWITCH
É FROM MAIN SWITCH
8
B
Sb
9 - 16
ELECTRIC STARTING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
EB803020
TROUBLESHOOTING
IF THE STARTER MOTOR FAILS TO OPERATE:
Procedure
Check:
1. Fuses (main, ignition, signaling system)
2. Battery
3. Starter motor
4. Starter relay
5. Main switch
6.
7.
8.
9.
NOTE:
• Remove the following part(s) before troubleshooting:
1) Console
• Use the following special tool(s) for troubleshooting.
Gear position switch
Brake light switch
Diode 1
Wiring connection (the entire starting system)
Pocket tester
P/N. YU-03112-C, 90890-03112
EB802011
NO CONTINUITY
1. Fuses (main, ignition, signaling system)
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CONTINUITY
Replace the fuse(s).
EB802012
2. Battery
• Check the battery condition.
Refer to “CHECKING AND CHARGING
THE BATTERY” in chapter 3.
INCORRECT
• Clean the battery terminals.
• Recharge or replace the battery.
Open-circuit voltage
12.8 V or more at 20 °C (68 °F)
CORRECT
*
9 - 17
ELECTRIC STARTING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
*
*
3. Starter motor
• Connect the battery (+) terminal 1 and
starter motor cable 2 using a jumper lead
3 .
• Check the operation of the starter motor.
*
WARNING
• A wire that is used as a jumper lead must
have the equivalent capacity or more as
that of the battery lead, otherwise the
jumper lead may burn.
• This check is likely to produce sparks, so
be sure that no flammable gas or fluid is
in the vicinity.
DOES NOT TURN
Repair or replace the starter motor.
TURNS
4. Starter relay
• Remove the starter relay from the wire
harness.
• Connect the pocket tester (Ω × 1) and the
battery (12 V) to the starter relay terminals.
Battery (+) terminal →
Yellow/Blue terminal 1
Battery (–) terminal →
Blue/Black terminal 2
NO CONTINUITY
Tester (+) lead → Red terminal 3
Tester (–) lead → Black terminal 4
• Check the starter relay for continuity.
Replace the starter relay.
CONTINUITY
INCORRECT
5. Main switch
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CORRECT
Replace the main switch.
*
9 - 18
ELECTRIC STARTING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
*
INCORRECT
6. Gear position switch
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CORRECT
Replace the gear position switch.
INCORRECT
7. Brake light switch
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CORRECT
Replace the brake light switch.
8. Diode 1
3
• Remove the diode from the coupler.
• Connect the pocket tester (Ω × 1) to the
diode terminals as shown.
• Check the diode for continuity as follows.
Tester (+) lead →
Yellow/Blue terminal 1
Tester (–) lead →
Black/Yellow terminal 2 Continuity
Tester (+) lead →
Yellow/Blue terminal 1
Tester (–) lead →
Blue/White terminal 3
2
B/Y L/W
Y/L
1
NOTE:
When you switch the tester’s positive and negative probes, the readings in the left chart will
be reversed.
Tester (+) lead →
Black/Yellow terminal 2
Tester (–) lead →
Yellow/Blue terminal 1 No continuity
Tester (+) lead →
Blue/White terminal 3
Tester (–) lead →
Yellow/Blue terminal 1
INCORRECT
Replace the diode 1.
CORRECT
EB803028
9. Wiring connection
• Check the connections of the entire starting system.
Refer to “CIRCUIT DIAGRAM”.
POOR CONNECTION
Properly connect the starting system.
9 - 19
ELECTRIC STARTING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
STARTER MOTOR
Order
1
2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Job/Part
Removing the starter motor
Starter motor lead
Starter motor/O-ring
Disassembling the starter motor
Bracket 1
Washer kit
Bracket 2
Shims
Brush seat 1/brush seat 2
Armature coil
Yoke
Q’ty
Remarks
Remove the parts in the order listed.
1
1/1
For installation, reverse the removal procedure.
Remove the parts in the order listed.
1
1
1
1/1
1
1
Refer to “ASSEMBLING THE STARTER
MOTOR”.
For assembly, reverse the disassembly
procedure.
9 - 20
ELECTRIC STARTING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
CHECKING THE STARTER MOTOR
1. Check:
• commutator
Dirty → Clean it with #600 grit sandpaper.
2. Measure:
• commutator diameter a
Out of specification → Replace the starter
motor.
Outside diameter
28 mm (1.10 in)
<Wear limit>:
27 mm (1.06 in)
3. Measure:
• mica undercut b
Out of specification → Scrape the mica
using a hacksaw blade.
Mica undercut
0.7 mm (0.03 in)
NOTE:
Scrape the mica to the proper measurement
using a hacksaw blade which has been
grounded to fit the commutator.
4. Check:
• armature coil (insulation/continuity)
Defects → Replace the starter motor.
▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
a. Connect the pocket tester for the continuity
check 1 and insulation check 2.
b. Measure the armature resistances.
Armature coil resistance
Continuity check
0.025 ~ 0.035 Ω at 20 °C (68 °F)
Insulation check
More than 1 MΩ at 20 °C (68 °F)
c. If the resistance is incorrect, replace the
starter motor.
▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲
9 - 21
ELECTRIC STARTING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
5. Measure:
• brush length a (each)
Out of specification → Replace the brush.
Brush length
12.5 mm (0.49 in)
<Wear limit>:
5 mm (0.20 in)
6. Measure:
• brush spring force
Fatigue/out of specification → Replace as a
set.
Brush spring force
7.65 ~ 10.01 Nm
(780 ~ 1,021 g, 27.5 ~ 36.0 oz)
7.
•
•
•
Check:
oil seal
bushing
O-rings
Wear/damage → Replace.
ASSEMBLING THE STARTER MOTOR
1. Install:
• brush seat 1 1
NOTE:
Align the projection a on the brush seat 1 with
the slot b on the yoke.
2. Install:
• yoke
• brackets
NOTE:
Align the match marks a on the yoke with the
match marks b on the brackets.
9 - 22
9 - 23
L B
B
(BROWN)
R/B L
L
B
n
P
P
Br/L
Br/L
R/Y
B
G Y
B
B
G
B
G Y
B
R/W
L
r
Y R/Y
Y G
B
Br/L
i
Y G
Y G
B
L/B
q
Y G
OFF
m
R/Y
Br/L
R
(BLACK)
R
W
B
W
2
W
L Y G
ON
OFF
START
j
3
W
W
W
q
(BLACK)
B LB
Br/L R
k
1
W
W
W
1 A.C. magneto
2 Rectifier/regulator
6 Battery
7 Main fuse
B
p
L
L
o
R/B
R/B
l
Br/L
W
W W
W
W/R W/G
W W
R W/G
W/L W/R
W/G R
R
W/G
W/R
W/G
B
Y L
B
R
r
B
Br Br Br
L/R G/L Sb
Br
B
B
B
R
Br
Sb
G/L
7
8
R
Br
L/R
R
Y/L L/B
Br
W/L
[
L/B
(BLUE)
W/B
B
Br
W/Y
W/Y
b
B/G
(BLUE)
B
B
c
(GRAY)
Br
Gy G/R
(GRAY)
B/R
Br
B/G
(BLACK)
L/G L/R
L/B Sb
Br/R
Br/R
(BLACK)
Sb Br
B
Z
B
B
B/Y
(BLACK)
B/Y Br/B B B/R W/B
(BLACK)
L/B B Br Sb
L/R B
U
G/R
Gy
Br/B
Br/R
Br/R
(BLACK)
B/Y
Br/R
Br/R B L/R
B
G/W
G/W
G/W
Sb B/Y W/B
L/B Br Br/B B/R
L/B
L/R
L/G
L/G B
Y/B
Gy
2WD
4WD
LOCK
L/W
B/Y
Br/B
Br/R
Br/R B L/G
V
Y
X
Y/B Gy
Br/R L/R
B/Y
Br
Y/L
B/Y L/W
A
G/R Gy
B Br
Br/R
L/R
(BLACK)
Br B/G
B/R B
W/L
Br/R
(BLACK)
B/Y Br
(BLACK)
Br
Y
Y/L
0
Br/L
L/R L/G
Sb L/B
W
Br
] _ a
Br
W/L
L/B
L/B
Y/L
(BLACK)
Br W/Y
W/B B
Br Br Br
W/L B/G W/Y
Br Br Br
W/Y B/G W/L
\
9
B
B
R
R
e f g
Br
R/G
R/W R/W R/W
Sb G/L L/R
d
Br
Br/L
h
5
4
Y L
Br/L
R
B
6
R
W/R
W/G
L/W
R/W
G/W
Y/B
G/R
Sb
G/L
W/B
B/R
T
S
R
B
Y
Y
Br
W/L
B
C
R/G
R/W
B/R
W/B
G/L
G/R
L/R
(BLACK)
(BLACK)
R
W L/Y Y/B
G/L
B/R
R/W L/W O B
R W/R W/G
G/W W/B
Sb G/R
W
G
L/Y
O
B
Sb W/R B
L/W
H
W W/L
B A B
O O A O
(BLACK)
L/Y W
B
(GRAY)
W/L B/R L/W
G/L Sb W
(GRAY)
L/W B/R W/L
W Sb G/L
W L/Y
B/L
F
O
B
B L/R
L/R B
Q
B
L/R
B
O
(GRAY)
W/R L/R
W/B R/W
B
L/R W/R
(BLACK)
L
P
W/R L/W
Sb
Gy W
Sb
B
G/R R/G
(BLACK)
R/G G/R
R/W W/B
WIRE HARNESS IGNITION COIL LEAD
(GRAY)
A
P
L/W
W/R
I J K L M N O
B
L/Y
W
E
D
CHARGING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
EB804000
CHARGING SYSTEM
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
CHARGING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
EB804010
TROUBLESHOOTING
IF THE BATTERY IS NOT CHARGED:
Procedure
Check:
1. Fuse (main)
2. Battery
3. Charging voltage
4. Charging coil resistance
5. Wiring connections
(the entire charging system)
NOTE:
• Remove the following part(s) before troubleshooting:
1) Console
2) Footrest cover
• Use the following special tool(s) for troubleshooting.
Digital engine test tachometer
P/N. YU-8036-C
Engine tachometer
P/N. 90890-03113
Pocket tester
P/N. YU-03112-C, 90890-03112
EB802011
1. Fuse (main)
NO CONTINUITY
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CONTINUITY
Replace the fuse.
EB802012
2. Battery
• Check the battery condition.
Refer to “CHECKING AND CHARGING
THE BATTERY” in chapter 3.
INCORRECT
• Clean the battery terminals.
• Recharge or replace the battery.
Open-circuit voltage
12.8 V or more at 20 °C (68 °F)
CORRECT
EB804011
3. Charging voltage
• Connect the engine tachometer to the
spark plug lead.
• Connect the pocket tester (DC 20 V) to the
battery.
Tester (+) lead → Battery (+) terminal
Tester (–) lead → Battery (–) terminal
9 - 24
+
CHARGING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
• Start the engine and accelerate to about
1,000 r/min.
Charging voltage
14 V at 1,000 r/min
MEETS SPECIFICATION
NOTE:
Use a fully charged battery.
The charging circuit is not faulty.
OUT OF
SPECIFICATION
EB804012
4. Charging coil resistance
• Disconnect the A.C. magneto coupler from
the wire harness.
• Connect the pocket tester (Ω × 1) to the
charging coils.
Tester (+) lead → White terminal 1
Tester (–) lead → White terminal 2
Tester (+) lead → White terminal 1
Tester (–) lead → White terminal 3
• Measure the charging coil resistance.
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
Charging coil resistance
0.32 ~ 0.43 Ω at 20 °C (68 °F)
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
Replace the pickup coil/stator assembly.
EB804015
5. Wiring connections
• Check the connections of the entire charging system.
Refer to “CIRCUIT DIAGRAM”.
CORRECT
POOR CONNECTION
Properly connect the charging system.
Replace the rectifier/regulator.
9 - 25
+
9 - 26
B
p
L
L
R/B L
B
L
B
n
P
P
Br/L
Br/L
R/Y
G Y
B
G Y
B
B
G
B
B
R/W
L
r
Y R/Y
Y G
B
Br/L
i
Y G
Y G
B
L/B
q
Y G
OFF
m
R/Y
Br/L
R
(BLACK)
R
W
B
W
2
W
L Y G
ON
OFF
START
W
W
W
j
3
W
W
W
q
(BLACK)
B LB
Br/L R
k
1
(BROWN)
L B
o
R/B
R/B
l
Br/L
W
W W
W
W/R W/G
W W
R W/G
W/L W/R
W/G R
R
W/G
W/R
W/G
B
Y L
B
R
r
B
Br Br Br
L/R G/L Sb
Br
B
B
B
R
Br
Sb
G/L
7
8
R
Br
L/R
R
Y/L L/B
Br
W/L
[
L/B
(BLUE)
W/B
B
Br
W/Y
W/Y
b
B/G
(BLUE)
B
B
c
(GRAY)
Br
Gy G/R
(GRAY)
B/R
Br
B/G
(BLACK)
L/G L/R
L/B Sb
Br/R
Br/R
(BLACK)
Sb Br
B
Z
B
B
B/Y
(BLACK)
B/Y Br/B B B/R W/B
(BLACK)
L/B B Br Sb
L/R B
U
G/R
Gy
Br/B
Br/R
Br/R
(BLACK)
B/Y
Br/R
Br/R B L/R
B
G/W
G/W
G/W
Sb B/Y W/B
L/B Br Br/B B/R
L/B
L/R
L/G
L/G B
Y/B
Gy
2WD
4WD
LOCK
L/W
B/Y
Br/B
Br/R
Br/R B L/G
V
Y
X
Y/B Gy
Br/R L/R
B/Y
Br
Y/L
B/Y L/W
A
G/R Gy
B Br
Br/R
L/R
(BLACK)
Br B/G
B/R B
W/L
Br/R
(BLACK)
B/Y Br
(BLACK)
Br
Y
Y/L
0
Br/L
L/R L/G
Sb L/B
W
Br
] _ a
Br
W/L
L/B
L/B
Y/L
(BLACK)
Br W/Y
W/B B
Br Br Br
W/L B/G W/Y
Br Br Br
W/Y B/G W/L
\
9
B
B
R
R
e f g
Br
R/G
R/W R/W R/W
Sb G/L L/R
d
Br
Br/L
h
5
4
Y L
Br/L
R
B
6
R
W/R
W/G
L/W
R/W
G/W
Y/B
G/R
Sb
G/L
W/B
B/R
T
S
R
B
Y
Y
Br
W/L
B
C
R/G
R/W
B/R
W/B
G/L
G/R
L/R
(BLACK)
(BLACK)
R
W L/Y Y/B
G/L
B/R
R/W L/W O B
R W/R W/G
G/W W/B
Sb G/R
W
G
L/Y
O
B
Sb W/R B
L/W
H
W W/L
B A B
O O A O
(BLACK)
L/Y W
B
(GRAY)
W/L B/R L/W
G/L Sb W
(GRAY)
L/W B/R W/L
W Sb G/L
W L/Y
B/L
F
O
B
L/R B
Q
B
O
W/R L/R
W/B R/W
L/R W/R
R/W W/B
(BLACK)
L
P
W/R L/W
Sb
Gy W
Sb
B
G/R R/G
(BLACK)
B
R/G G/R
P
L/W
W/R
3 Main switch
6 Battery
7 Main fuse
j Lighting system fuse
m Light switch
q Headlight
r Tail/brake light
B L/R
L/R
B
(GRAY)
WIRE HARNESS IGNITION COIL LEAD
(GRAY)
A
I J K L M N O
B
L/Y
W
E
D
LIGHTING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
EB805000
LIGHTING SYSTEM
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
LIGHTING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
EB805010
TROUBLESHOOTING
IF THE HEADLIGHT AND/OR TAILLIGHT FAIL TO COME ON:
Procedure
Check:
1. Fuses (main, lighting system)
2. Battery
3. Main switch
4. Light switch
5. Wiring connections
(the entire lighting system)
NOTE:
• Remove the following part(s) before troubleshooting:
1) Console
• Use the following special tool(s) for troubleshooting.
Pocket tester
P/N. YU-03112-C, 90890-03112
EB802011
NO CONTINUITY
1. Fuses (main, lighting system)
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CONTINUITY
Replace the fuse(s).
EB802012
2. Battery
• Check the battery condition.
Refer to “CHECKING AND CHARGING
THE BATTERY” in chapter 3.
Open-circuit voltage
12.8 V or more at 20 °C (68 °F)
INCORRECT
• Clean the battery terminals.
• Recharge or replace the battery.
CORRECT
INCORRECT
3. Main switch
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CORRECT
Replace the main switch.
*
9 - 27
+
LIGHTING SYSTEM
ELEC
*
INCORRECT
4. Light switch
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CORRECT
Replace the light switch.
EB805013
5. Wiring connection
• Check the connections of the entire lighting system.
Refer to “CIRCUIT DIAGRAM”.
CORRECT
POOR CONNECTION
Properly connect the lighting system.
Check the condition of each of the lighting
system’s circuits.
Refer to “CHECKING THE LIGHTING SYSTEM”.
9 - 28
–
+
LIGHTING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
EB805020
CHECKING THE LIGHTING SYSTEM
1. If the headlights fail to come on:
1. Bulb and bulb socket
• Check the bulb and bulb socket for continuity.
CONTINUITY
NO CONTINUITY
Replace the bulb and/or bulb socket.
2. Voltage
• Connect the pocket tester (DC 20 V) to the
headlight couplers.
É
È
Tester (+) lead →
Green terminal 1 or Yellow terminal 2
Tester (–) lead → Black terminal 3
È When the light switch is on “
É When the light switch is on “
L
H
”.
”.
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
• Turn the main switch to “ON”.
• Turn the light switch to “ L ” or “ H ”.
• Check the voltage (12 V) of the “Green”
and “Yellow” leads on the bulb socket connector.
The wiring circuit from the main switch to the
bulb socket connector is faulty, repair it.
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
This circuit is not faulty.
9 - 29
LIGHTING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
EB805021
2. If the taillights fail to come on:
1. Bulb and bulb socket
• Check the bulb and bulb socket for continuity.
CONTINUITY
NO CONTINUITY
Replace the bulb and/or bulb socket.
2. Voltage
• Connect the pocket tester (DC 20 V) to the
tail/brake light connectors.
Tester (+) lead → Blue lead terminal 1
Tester (–) lead → Black lead terminal 2
• Turn the main switch to “ON”.
• Turn the light switch to “ L ” or “ H ”.
• Check the voltage (12 V) of the “Blue” lead
on the bulb socket connector.
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
The wiring circuit from the main switch to the
bulb socket connector is faulty, repair it.
This circuit is not faulty.
9 - 30
LIGHTING SYSTEM
9 - 31
ELEC
–
+
9 - 32
B
p
L
L
R/B L
B
L
B
n
P
P
Br/L
Br/L
R/Y
G Y
B
G Y
B
B
G
B
B
R/W
L
r
Y R/Y
Y G
B
Br/L
i
Y G
Y G
B
L/B
q
Y G
OFF
m
R/Y
Br/L
R
(BLACK)
R
W
B
W
2
W
L Y G
ON
OFF
START
W
W
W
j
3
W
W
W
q
(BLACK)
B LB
Br/L R
k
1
(BROWN)
L B
o
R/B
R/B
l
Br/L
W
W W
W
W/R W/G
W W
R W/G
W/L W/R
W/G R
R
W/G
W/R
W/G
B
Y L
B
R
r
B
Br Br Br
L/R G/L Sb
Br
B
B
B
R
Br
Sb
G/L
7
8
R
Br
L/R
R
Y/L L/B
Br
W/L
[
L/B
Br
(BLUE)
B
W/B
Br
W/Y
W/Y
b
B/G
(BLUE)
B
B
c
(GRAY)
Br
Gy G/R
(GRAY)
B/R
Br
B/G
(BLACK)
L/G L/R
L/B Sb
(BLACK)
G/R Gy
B Br
Br/R
L/R
Br/R
B/Y
Br
Y/L
Br/R
Br/R
(BLACK)
Sb Br
B
Z
B
B
B/Y
(BLACK)
B/Y Br/B B B/R W/B
(BLACK)
L/B B Br Sb
L/R B
U
G/R
Gy
Br/B
Br/R
Br/R
(BLACK)
B/Y
Br/R
Br/R B L/R
B
G/W
G/W
G/W
Sb B/Y W/B
L/B Br Br/B B/R
L/B
L/R
L/G
L/G B
Y/B
Gy
2WD
4WD
LOCK
Y
X
L/W
B/Y
Br/B
Br/R
Br/R B L/G
V
B/Y L/W
A
Y/B Gy
Br/R L/R
(BLACK)
B/Y Br
(BLACK)
Br
Y
Y/L
0
Br/L
L/R L/G
Sb L/B
W
Br B/G
B/R B
W/L
] _ a
Br
W/L
L/B
L/B
Y/L
(BLACK)
Br W/Y
W/B B
Br Br Br
W/L B/G W/Y
Br Br Br
W/Y B/G W/L
\
9
B
B
R
R
e f g
Br
R/G
R/W R/W R/W
Sb G/L L/R
d
Br
Br/L
h
5
4
Y L
Br/L
R
B
6
R
W/R
W/G
L/W
R/W
G/W
Y/B
G/R
Sb
G/L
W/B
B/R
T
S
R
B
Y
Y
Br
W/L
B
C
R/G
R/W
B/R
W/B
G/L
G/R
L/R
(BLACK)
(BLACK)
R
W L/Y Y/B
G/L
B/R
R/W L/W O B
R W/R W/G
G/W W/B
Sb G/R
W
G
L/Y
O
B
Sb W/R B
L/W
H
W W/L
B A B
O O A O
(BLACK)
L/Y W
B
(GRAY)
W/L B/R L/W
G/L Sb W
(GRAY)
L/W B/R W/L
W Sb G/L
W L/Y
B/L
F
O
B
B L/R
L/R B
Q
B
L/R
B
O
(GRAY)
W/R L/R
W/B R/W
L/R W/R
R/W W/B
(BLACK)
L
P
W/R L/W
Sb
Gy W
Sb
B
G/R R/G
(BLACK)
B
R/G G/R
WIRE HARNESS IGNITION COIL LEAD
(GRAY)
A
P
L/W
W/R
I J K L M N O
B
L/Y
W
E
D
SIGNALING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
EB806000
SIGNALING SYSTEM
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
SIGNALING SYSTEM
3 Main switch
6 Battery
7 Main fuse
0 Brake light switch
B Reverse switch
C C.D.I. unit
P Gear position switch
Q Parking brake switch
R Thermo switch 1
Z Gear motor
[ Diode 2
] Four-wheel drive indicator light
_ Differential gear lock indicator light
a Coolant temperature warning light
b Four-wheel drive indicator light relay
c Differential gear lock indicator light relay
e Neutral indicator light
f Reverse indicator light
g Parking brake indicator light
h Signaling system fuse
r Tail/brake light
9 - 33
ELEC
–
+
SIGNALING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
EB806010
TROUBLESHOOTING
IF A BRAKE LIGHT, AN INDICATOR LIGHT, OR THE WARNING LIGHT FAILS TO COME ON:
Procedure
Check:
1. Fuses (main, signaling system)
2. Battery
3. Main switch
4. Wiring connections
(the entire signal system)
NOTE:
• Remove the following part(s) before troubleshooting:
1) Console
• Use the following special tool(s) for troubleshooting.
Pocket tester
P/N. YU-03112-C, 90890-03112
EB802011
NO CONTINUITY
1. Fuses (main, signaling system)
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CONTINUITY
Replace the fuse(s).
EB802012
2. Battery
• Check the battery condition.
Refer to “CHECKING AND CHARGING
THE BATTERY” in chapter 3.
INCORRECT
• Clean the battery terminals.
• Recharge or replace the battery.
Open-circuit voltage
12.8 V or more at 20 °C (68 °F)
CORRECT
INCORRECT
3. Main switch
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CORRECT
Replace the main switch.
*
9 - 34
SIGNALING SYSTEM
ELEC
*
EB806011
4. Wiring connections
• Check the connections of the entire signal
system.
Refer to “CIRCUIT DIAGRAM”.
CORRECT
POOR CONNECTION
Properly connect the signal system.
Check the condition of each of the signal system’s circuits.
Refer to “CHECKING THE SIGNAL SYSTEM”.
9 - 35
–
+
SIGNALING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
CHECKING THE SIGNAL SYSTEM
1. If the brake lights fail to come on:
1. Bulb and bulb socket
• Check the bulb and bulb socket for continuity.
CONTINUITY
NO CONTINUITY
Replace the bulb and/or bulb socket.
NO CONTINUITY
2. Brake light switch
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CONTINUITY
Replace the brake light switch.
3. Voltage
• Connect the pocket tester (DC 20 V) to the
bulb socket connector.
Tester (+) lead → Yellow terminal 1
Tester (–) lead → Black terminal 2
• Turn the main switch to “ON”.
• Turn the light switch to “ L ” or “ H ”.
• Check the voltage (12 V) of the “Yellow”
lead on the bulb socket connector.
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
The wiring circuit from the main switch to the
bulb socket connector is faulty, repair it.
This circuit is not faulty.
9 - 36
SIGNALING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
EB806024
2. If the neutral indicator light fails to come on:
1. Bulb and bulb socket
• Check the bulb and bulb socket for continuity.
NO CONTINUITY
CONTINUITY
Replace the bulb and/or bulb socket.
NO CONTINUITY
2. Gear position switch
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CONTINUITY
Replace the gear position switch.
3. Voltage
1
• Connect the pocket tester (DC 20 V) to the
indicator light assembly 2 coupler.
Tester (+) lead → Brown terminal 1
Tester (–) lead → Sky blue terminal 2
• Turn the main switch to “ON”.
• Check the voltage (12 V).
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
This circuit is not faulty.
2
W/Y
Sb R/W
Br
Sb
Br W/Y
B/G
G/L R/W
Br
G/L
Br B/G
W/L
L/R R/W
Br
L/R
Br W/L
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
The wiring circuit from the main switch to the
bulb socket connector is faulty, repair it.
9 - 37
SIGNALING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
3. If the parking brake indicator light fails to
come on:
1. Bulb and bulb socket
• Check the bulb and bulb socket for continuity.
CONTINUITY
NO CONTINUITY
Replace the bulb and/or bulb socket.
NO CONTINUITY
2. Parking brake switch
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CONTINUITY
Replace the parking brake switch.
3. Voltage
• Connect the pocket tester (DC 20 V) to the
indicator light assembly 2 coupler.
Tester (+) lead → Brown terminal 1
Tester (–) lead → Blue/Red terminal 2
W/Y
Sb R/W
Br
Sb
Br W/Y
B/G
G/L R/W
Br
G/L
Br B/G
W/L
L/R R/W
Br
L/R
Br W/L
1
• Turn the main switch to “ON”.
• Check the voltage (12 V).
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
This circuit is not faulty.
2
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
The wiring circuit from the main switch to the
bulb socket connector is faulty, repair it.
9 - 38
SIGNALING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
4. If the reverse indicator light fails to come on:
1. Bulb and bulb socket
• Check the bulb and bulb socket for continuity.
CONTINUITY
NO CONTINUITY
Replace the bulb and/or bulb socket.
NO CONTINUITY
2. Reverse switch
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CONTINUITY
Replace the reverse switch.
3. Voltage
1
• Connect the pocket tester (DC 20 V) to the
indicator light assembly 2 coupler.
Tester (+) lead → Brown terminal 1
Tester (–) lead → Green/Blue terminal 2
• Turn the main switch to “ON”.
• Check the voltage (12 V).
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
Replace the C.D.I. unit.
2
W/Y
Sb R/W
Br
Sb
Br W/Y
B/G
G/L R/W
Br
G/L
Br B/G
W/L
L/R R/W
Br
L/R
Br W/L
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
The wiring circuit from the main switch to the
bulb socket connector is faulty, repair it.
9 - 39
SIGNALING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
5. If the coolant temperature warning light does not come on when the main switch to “ON”, or if the
coolant temperature warning light does not come on when the temperature is high (more than
117 ~ 123 °C (242.6 ~ 253.4 °F)):
1. Bulb and bulb socket
• Check the bulb and bulb socket for continuity.
CONTINUITY
NO CONTINUITY
Replace the bulb and /or bulb socket.
2. Thermo switch 1
• Remove the thermo switch 1 from the cylinder head.
• Connect the pocket tester (Ω × 1) to the
thermo switch 1 1.
• Immerse the thermo switch 1 in coolant 2.
• Check the thermo switch 1 for continuity.
While heating the coolant use a thermometer 3 to record the temperatures.
È The thermo switch 1 circuit is open and the
coolant temperature warning light is off.
É The thermo switch 1 circuit is closed and the
coolant temperature warning light is on.
Test step Coolant temperature Continuity
1
Less than 120 ± 3 °C
(248 ± 5.4 °F)
No
2
More than 120 ± 3 °C
(248 ± 5.4 °F)
Yes
3
More than 113 °C
(235.4 °F)
Yes
4
Less than 113 °C
(235.4 °F)
No
Test steps 1 & 2: Heating phase
Test steps 3 & 4: Cooling phase
WARNING
Handle the thermo switch 1 with special
care.
Never subject it to a strong shock or allow
it to be dropped. Should it be dropped, it
must be replaced.
T.
R.
Thermo switch 1
8 Nm (0.8 m · kg, 5.8 ft · lb)
Three bond sealock® #10
BAD CONDITION
Replace the thermo switch 1.
GOOD
CONDITION
*
9 - 40
ELEC
SIGNALING SYSTEM
–
+
*
3. Voltage
• Connect the pocket tester (DC 20 V) to the
indicator light assembly 1 coupler.
Tester (+) lead → Brown terminal 1
Tester (–) lead → White/Blue terminal 2
W/Y Br
Br W/Y
B/G Br
Br B/G
W/L Br
Br W/L
1
2
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
• Turn the main switch to “ON”.
• Check the voltage (12 V).
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
The wiring circuit from the main switch to the
bulb socket connector is faulty, repair it.
4. Diode 2
1
• Remove the diode from the coupler.
• Connect the pocket tester (Ω × 1) to the
diode terminals as shown.
• Check the diode for continuity as follows.
L/B
W/L
2
Tester (+) lead →
Blue/Black terminal 1 ContinuTester (–) lead →
ity
White/Blue terminal 2
NOTE:
When you switch the tester’s positive and negative probes, the readings in the left chart will
be reversed.
Tester (+) lead →
White/Blue terminal 2 No contiTester (–) lead →
nuity
Blue/Black terminal 1
INCORRECT
CORRECT
Replace the diode 2.
This circuit is not faulty.
9 - 41
SIGNALING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
6. If the differential gear lock indicator light
fails to come on:
1. Bulb and bulb socket
• Check the bulb and bulb socket for continuity.
CONTINUITY
NO CONTINUITY
Replace the bulb and/or bulb socket.
2. Differential gear lock indicator light relay
• Remove the differential gear lock indicator
light relay from the wire harness.
• Connect the pocket tester (Ω × 1) and the
battery (12 V) to the differential gear lock
indicator light relay terminals.
• Check the differential gear lock indicator
light relay for continuity as follows.
Tester (+) lead →
Black/Green terminal 1 ContinuTester (–) lead →
ity
Black terminal 2
Battery (+) terminal →
Brown terminal 3
Battery (–) terminal →
Black/Red terminal 4 No continuity
Tester (+) lead →
Black/Green terminal 1
Tester (–) lead →
Black terminal 2
NO CONTINUITY
Replace the differential gear lock indicator
light relay.
CONTINUITY
3. Four-wheel drive switch
NO CONTINUITY
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CONTINUITY
Replace the gear motor.
*
9 - 42
SIGNALING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
*
4. Voltage
• Connect the pocket tester (DC 20 V) to the
indicator light assembly 1 coupler.
1
Tester (+) lead → Brown terminal 1
Tester (–) lead →
Black/Green terminal 2
• Turn the main switch to “ON”.
• Check the voltage (12 V).
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
This circuit is not faulty.
2
W/Y Br
Br W/Y
B/G Br
Br B/G
W/L Br
Br W/L
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
The wiring circuit from the main switch to the
bulb socket connector is faulty, repair it.
9 - 43
SIGNALING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
7. If the four-wheel drive indicator light fails to
come on:
1. Bulb and bulb socket
• Check the bulb and bulb socket for continuity.
CONTINUITY
NO CONTINUITY
Replace the bulb and bulb socket.
2. Four-wheel drive indicator light relay
• Remove the four-wheel drive indicator
light relay from the wire harness.
• Connect the pocket tester (Ω × 1) and the
battery (12 V) to the four-wheel drive indicator light relay terminals.
• Check the four-wheel drive indicator light
relay for continuity as follows.
Tester (+) lead →
White/Yellow terminal 1 ContinuTester (–) lead →
ity
Black terminal 2
Battery (+) terminal →
Brown terminal 3
Battery (–) terminal →
White/Black terminal 4 No continuity
Tester (+) lead →
White/Yellow terminal 1
Tester (–) lead →
Black terminal 2
NO CONTINUITY
Replace the four-wheel drive indicator light
relay.
CONTINUITY
3. Four-wheel drive switch
NO CONTINUITY
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CONTINUITY
Replace the gear motor.
*
9 - 44
SIGNALING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
*
4. Voltage
1
• Connect the pocket tester (DC 20 V) to the
indicator light assembly 1 coupler.
Tester (+) lead → Brown terminal 1
Tester (–) lead →
White/Yellow terminal 2
• Turn the main switch to “ON”.
• Check the voltage (12 V).
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
This circuit is not faulty.
2
W/Y Br
Br W/Y
B/G Br
Br B/G
W/L Br
Br W/L
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
The wiring circuit from the main switch to the
bulb socket connector is faulty, repair it.
9 - 45
9 - 46
B
p
L
L
R/B L
B
L
B
n
P
P
Br/L
Br/L
R/Y
G Y
B
G Y
B
B
G
Y G
B
R/W
L
r
Y R/Y
B
B
Br/L
i
Y G
Y G
B
L/B
q
Y G
OFF
m
R/Y
Br/L
R
(BLACK)
R
W
B
W
2
W
L Y G
ON
OFF
START
W
W
W
j
3
W
W
W
q
(BLACK)
B LB
Br/L R
k
1
(BROWN)
L B
o
R/B
R/B
l
Br/L
W
W W
W
W/R W/G
W W
R W/G
W/L W/R
W/G R
R
W/G
W/R
W/G
B
Y L
B
R
r
B
Br Br Br
L/R G/L Sb
Br
B
B
B
R
Br
Sb
G/L
7
8
R
Br
L/R
R
Y/L L/B
Br
W/L
[
L/B
(BLUE)
W/B
B
Br
W/Y
W/Y
b
B/G
(BLUE)
B
B
c
(GRAY)
Br
Gy G/R
(GRAY)
B/R
Br
B/G
(BLACK)
L/G L/R
L/B Sb
Br/R
Br/R
(BLACK)
Sb Br
B
Z
B
B
B/Y
(BLACK)
B/Y Br/B B B/R W/B
(BLACK)
L/B B Br Sb
L/R B
U
G/R
Gy
Br/B
Br/R
Br/R
(BLACK)
B/Y
Br/R
Br/R B L/R
B
G/W
G/W
G/W
Sb B/Y W/B
L/B Br Br/B B/R
L/B
L/R
L/G
L/G B
Y/B
Gy
2WD
4WD
LOCK
L/W
B/Y
Br/B
Br/R
Br/R B L/G
V
Y
X
Y/B Gy
Br/R L/R
B/Y
Br
Y/L
B/Y L/W
A
G/R Gy
B Br
Br/R
L/R
(BLACK)
Br B/G
B/R B
W/L
Br/R
(BLACK)
B/Y Br
(BLACK)
Br
Y
Y/L
0
Br/L
L/R L/G
Sb L/B
W
Br
] _ a
Br
W/L
L/B
L/B
Y/L
(BLACK)
Br W/Y
W/B B
Br Br Br
W/L B/G W/Y
Br Br Br
W/Y B/G W/L
\
9
B
B
R
R
e f g
Br
R/G
R/W R/W R/W
Sb G/L L/R
d
Br
Br/L
h
5
4
Y L
Br/L
R
B
6
R
W/R
W/G
L/W
R/W
G/W
Y/B
G/R
Sb
G/L
W/B
B/R
T
S
R
B
Y
Y
Br
W/L
B
C
R/G
R/W
B/R
W/B
G/L
G/R
L/R
(BLACK)
(BLACK)
R
W L/Y Y/B
G/L
B/R
R/W L/W O B
R W/R W/G
G/W W/B
Sb G/R
W
G
L/Y
O
B
Sb W/R B
L/W
H
W W/L
B A B
O O A O
(BLACK)
L/Y W
B
(GRAY)
W/L B/R L/W
G/L Sb W
(GRAY)
L/W B/R W/L
W Sb G/L
W L/Y
B/L
F
O
B
L/R B
Q
B
O
W/R L/R
W/B R/W
B
L/R W/R
(BLACK)
L
P
W/R L/W
Sb
Gy W
Sb
B
G/R R/G
(BLACK)
R/G G/R
R/W W/B
P
L/W
W/R
3 Main switch
6 Battery
7 Main fuse
l Circuit breaker
(radiator fan motor)
o Thermo switch 3
p Radiator fan motor
B L/R
L/R
B
(GRAY)
WIRE HARNESS IGNITION COIL LEAD
(GRAY)
A
I J K L M N O
B
L/Y
W
E
D
COOLING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
COOLING SYSTEM
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
COOLING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
TROUBLESHOOTING
IF THE FAN MOTOR DOES NOT MOVE:
Procedure
Check:
1. Fuse (main)
2. Battery
3. Main switch
4. Radiator fan motor
5. Circuit breaker (radiator fan motor)
6. Thermo switch 3
7. Wiring connection
(the entire cooling system)
NOTE:
• Remove the following part(s) before troubleshooting.
1) Console
• Use the following special tool(s) for troubleshooting.
Pocket tester
P/N. YU-03112-C, 90890-03112
EB802011
NO CONTINUITY
1. Fuse (main)
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CONTINUITY
Replace the fuse.
EB802012
2. Battery
• Check the battery condition.
Refer to “CHECKING AND CHARGING
THE BATTERY” in chapter 3.
Open-circuit voltage:
12.8 V or more at 20 °C (68 °F)
INCORRECT
• Clean the battery terminals.
• Recharge or replace the battery.
CORRECT
INCORRECT
3. Main switch
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CORRECT
Replace the main switch.
*
9 - 47
+
COOLING SYSTEM
ELEC
*
4. Radiator fan motor
• Disconnect the radiator fan motor coupler.
• Connect the battery (12 V) as shown.
Battery (+) lead → Blue terminal 1
Battery (–) lead → Black terminal 2
• Check the operation of the radiator fan
motor.
TURNS
DOES NOT TURN
Replace the radiator fan motor.
5. Circuit breaker (radiator fan motor)
• Remove the circuit breaker from the wire
harness.
• Connect the pocket tester (Ω × 1) to the
circuit breaker.
Circuit breaker resistance
Zero Ω at 20 °C (68 °F)
MEETS
SPECIFICATION
OUT OF SPECIFICATION
Replace the circuit breaker.
*
9 - 48
–
+
COOLING SYSTEM
ELEC
*
6. Thermo switch 3
• Remove the thermo switch 3 from the radiator.
• Connect the pocket tester (Ω × 1) to the
thermo switch 3 1.
• Immerse the thermo switch 3 in coolant 2.
• Check the thermo switch 3 for continuity.
While heating the coolant use a thermometer 3 to record the temperatures.
È The thermo switch 3 circuit is closed.
É The thermo switch 3 circuit is open.
Test step Coolant temperature Continuity
1
Less than 75 ± 3 °C
(167 ± 5.4 °F)
No
2
More than 75 ± 3 °C
(167 ± 5.4 °F)
Yes
3
More than 68 °C
(154.4 °F)
Yes
4
Less than 68 °C
(154.4 °F)
No
Test steps 1 & 2: Heating phase
Test steps 3 & 4: Cooling phase
WARNING
Handle the thermo switch 3 with special
care.
Never subject it to a strong shock or allow
it to be dropped. Should it be dropped, it
must be replaced.
T.
Thermo switch 3
28 Nm (2.8 m · kg, 20 ft · lb)
BAD CONDITION
R.
GOOD
CONDITION
Replace the thermo switch 3.
*
9 - 49
–
+
COOLING SYSTEM
ELEC
*
EB803028
7. Wiring connection
• Check the connections of the entire starting system.
Refer to “CIRCUIT DIAGRAM”.
CORRECT
POOR CONNECTION
Properly connect the cooling system.
This circuit is not faulty.
9 - 50
–
+
9 - 51
(BROWN)
R/B L
L
n
P
P
Br/L
(BLACK)
B LB
Br/L R
k
1
Br/L
R/Y
Y G
OFF
m
R/Y
Br/L
R
B
Br/L
G
L
Y R/Y
R/W
i
L/B
(BLACK)
R
W
B
W
2
W
L Y G
ON
OFF
START
W
W
W
j
3
W
W
W
Y L
B
R
Br
R/G
R/W R/W R/W
Sb G/L L/R
Br
Br/L
h
5
4
Y L
Br/L
R
B
6
B
L
L
L B
B
B
B
B
B
B
G Y
B
B
G Y
Y G
Y G
Y G
B
B
Br Br Br
L/R G/L Sb
Sb
Br
G/L
7
8
R
Br
L/R
R
Y/L L/B
Br
W/L
[
L/B
(BLUE)
W/B
B
Br
W/Y
W/Y
b
B/G
B/Y Br
(BLUE)
B
B
c
(GRAY)
B/R
Br
B/G
(BLACK)
Br
Gy G/R
(GRAY)
L/G L/R
L/B Sb
(BLACK)
Br/R
L/R
Br
B/Y
Br
Y/L
Sb Br
L/R
Gy
Br/B
G/R
B
Z
B
B
B/Y
(BLACK)
L/B B Br Sb
L/R B
(BLACK)
B/Y Br/B B B/R W/B
U
Br/R
Br/R
(BLACK)
B/Y
Br/R
Br/R B L/R
B
G/W
G/W
G/W
Sb B/Y W/B
L/B Br Br/B B/R
L/B
L/G
L/G B
Br/R
Br/R
(BLACK)
Y/B
Gy
2WD
4WD
LOCK
Y
X
L/W
B/Y
Br/B
Br/R
Br/R B L/G
V
B/Y L/W
Y/B Gy
Br/R L/R
(BLACK)
G/R Gy
B Br
Br B/G
B/R B
W/L
Br/R
Br/L
Y
(BLACK)
Br
0
Y/L
A
L/R L/G
Sb L/B
W
Br
] _ a
Br
W/L
L/B
L/B
Y/L
(BLACK)
Br W/Y
W/B B
Br Br Br
W/L B/G W/Y
Br Br Br
W/Y B/G W/L
\
9
B
B
R
R
f g
B
B
B
R
R
Br
3 Main switch
d
6 Battery
p
7 Main fuse
e
C C.D.I. unit
U Four-wheel drive relay 1
q
V Four-wheel drive
relayq
2 r r
W Four-wheel drive fuse
X Four-wheel drive relay 3
Y On-Command four-wheel drive switch and
differential gear lock switch
Z Gear motor
o
R/B
R/B
l
Br/L
W
W W
W
W/R W/G
W W
R W/G
W/L W/R
W/G R
R
W/G
W/R
W/G
W/R
W/G
L/W
R/W
G/W
Y/B
G/R
Sb
G/L
W/B
B/R
T
S
R
B
Y
Y
Br
W/L
B
C
R/G
R/W
B/R
W/B
G/L
G/R
L/R
(BLACK)
(BLACK)
R
W L/Y Y/B
G/L
B/R
R/W L/W O B
R W/R W/G
G/W W/B
Sb G/R
W
G
L/Y
O
B
Sb W/R B
L/W
H
W W/L
B A B
O O A O
(BLACK)
L/Y W
B
(GRAY)
W/L B/R L/W
G/L Sb W
(GRAY)
L/W B/R W/L
W Sb G/L
W L/Y
B/L
F
O
B
B L/R
L/R B
Q
B
L/R
B
O
(GRAY)
W/R L/R
W/B R/W
B
L/R W/R
(BLACK)
L
P
W/R L/W
Sb
Gy W
Sb
B
G/R R/G
(BLACK)
R/G G/R
R/W W/B
WIRE HARNESS IGNITION COIL LEAD
(GRAY)
A
P
L/W
W/R
I J K L M N O
B
L/Y
W
E
D
2WD/4WD SELECTING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
2WD/4WD SELECTING SYSTEM
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
2WD/4WD SELECTING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
EB803020
TROUBLESHOOTING
IF THE FOUR-WHEEL DRIVE INDICATOR FAILS TO COME ON:
Procedure
Check:
1. Fuses (main, four-wheel drive)
2. Battery
3. Main switch
4. Four-wheel drive relay 1
5. Four-wheel drive relay 2
6. Four-wheel drive relay 3
7. On-Command four-wheel drive switch and
differential gear lock switch
8. Gear motor
9. Wiring connections
(the entire 2WD/4WD selecting system)
NOTE:
• Remove the following part(s) before troubleshooting:
1) Console
• Use the following special tool(s) for troubleshooting.
Pocket tester
P/N. YU-03112-C, 90890-03112
EB802011
NO CONTINUITY
1. Fuses (main, four-wheel drive)
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CONTINUITY
Replace the fuse(s).
EB802012
2. Battery
• Check the battery condition.
Refer to “CHECKING AND CHARGING
THE BATTERY” in chapter 3.
Open-circuit voltage
12.8 V or more at 20 °C (68 °F)
INCORRECT
• Clean the battery terminals.
• Recharge or replace the battery.
CORRECT
INCORRECT
3. Main switch
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CORRECT
Replace the main switch.
*
9 - 52
2WD/4WD SELECTING SYSTEM
ELEC
*
4. Four-wheel drive relay 1
• Remove the four-wheel drive relay 1 from
the wire harness.
• Connect the pocket tester (Ω × 1) and the
battery (12 V) to the four-wheel drive relay
1 terminals.
Tester (+) lead →
Black/Yellow terminal 1
Tester (–) lead → Black terminal 2
Battery (+) terminal →
Brown/Red terminal 3
Battery (–) terminal →
Blue/Red terminal 4
Tester (+) lead →
Black/yellow terminal 1
Tester (–) lead → Brown/Red terminal 5
• Check the four-wheel drive relay 1 for continuity.
NO CONTINUITY
Replace the four-wheel drive relay 1.
CONTINUITY
5. Four-wheel drive relay 2
• Remove the four-wheel drive relay 2 from
the wire harness.
• Connect the pocket tester (Ω × 1) and the
battery (12 V) to the four-wheel drive relay
2 terminals.
Tester (+) lead →
Brown/Black terminal 1
Tester (–) lead → Black terminal 2
Battery (+) terminal →
Brown/Red terminal 3
Battery (–) terminal →
Blue/Green terminal 4
Tester (+) lead →
Brown/Black terminal 1
Tester (–) lead → Brown/Red terminal 5
• Check the four-wheel drive relay 2 for continuity.
NO CONTINUITY
Replace the four-wheel drive relay 2.
CONTINUITY
*
9 - 53
–
+
2WD/4WD SELECTING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
*
6. Four-wheel drive relay 3
• Remove the four-wheel drive relay 3 from
the wire harness.
• Connect the pocket tester (Ω × 1) and the
battery (12 V) to the four-wheel drive relay
3 terminals.
Battery (+) terminal →
Brown/Red terminal 1
Battery (–) terminal →
Yellow/Black terminal 2
NO CONTINUITY
Tester (+) lead → Blue/Red terminal 3
Tester (–) lead → Gray terminal 4
• Check the four-wheel drive relay 3 for
continuity.
Replace the four-wheel drive relay 3.
CONTINUITY
7. On-Command four-wheel drive switch and
differential gear lock switch
INCORRECT
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CORRECT
Replace the On-Command four-wheel drive
switch and differential gear lock switch.
*
9 - 54
2WD/4WD SELECTING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
*
È
8. Gear motor
• Disconnect the gear motor coupler.
• Remove the gear motor from the differential gear case.
Refer to “FRONT CONSTANT VELOCITY
JOINTS, DIFFERENTIAL GEAR AND
DRIVE SHAFT” in chapter 7.
• Connect two C size batteries to the gear
motor terminals 1 (as shown illustrations).
È Check that the pinion gear 2 turns counterclockwise.
É Check that the pinion gear 2 turns clockwise.
É
• Make sure that the drive gear (shift fork
sliding gear) operates correctly.
NOTE:
When installing the differential gear case in
the gear motor, refer to “FRONT CONSTANT
VELOCITY JOINTS, DIFFERENTIAL GEAR
AND DRIVE SHAFT” in chapter 7.
INCORRECT
CORRECT
Replace the gear motor.
EB803028
9. Wiring connection
• Check the connections of the entire 2WD/
4WD selecting system.
Refer to “CIRCUIT DIAGRAM”.
CORRECT
POOR CONNECTION
Properly connect the 2WD/4WD selecting
system.
Replace the C.D.I. unit.
9 - 55
9 - 56
B
p
L
L
R/B L
B
L
B
n
P
P
Br/L
Br/L
R/Y
G Y
B
G Y
B
B
G
B
B
R/W
L
r
Y R/Y
Y G
B
Br/L
i
Y G
Y G
B
L/B
q
Y G
OFF
m
R/Y
Br/L
R
(BLACK)
R
W
B
W
2
W
L Y G
ON
OFF
START
W
W
W
j
3
W
W
W
q
(BLACk)
B LB
Br/L R
k
1
(BROWN)
L B
o
R/B
R/B
l
Br/L
W
W W
W
W/R W/G
W W
R W/G
W/L W/R
W/G R
R
W/G
W/R
W/G
B
Y L
B
R
r
B
Br Br Br
L/R G/L Sb
Br
B
B
B
R
Br
Sb
G/L
7
8
R
Br
L/R
R
Y/L L/B
Br
W/L
[
L/B
(BLUE)
W/B
B
Br
W/Y
W/Y
b
B/G
(BLUE)
B
B
c
(GRAY)
Br
Gy G/R
(GRAY)
B/R
Br
B/G
(BLACK)
L/G L/R
L/B Sb
Br/R
Br/R
(BLACK)
Sb Br
B
Z
B
B
B/Y
(BLACK)
B/Y Br/B B B/R W/B
(BLACK)
L/B B Br Sb
L/R B
U
G/R
Gy
Br/B
Br/R
Br/R
(BLACK)
B/Y
Br/R
Br/R B L/R
B
G/W
G/W
G/W
Sb B/Y W/B
L/B Br Br/B B/R
L/B
L/R
L/G
L/G B
Y/B
Gy
2WD
4WD
LOCK
L/W
B/Y
Br/B
Br/R
Br/R B L/G
V
Y
X
Y/B Gy
Br/R L/R
B/Y
Br
Y/L
B/Y L/W
A
G/R Gy
B Br
Br/R
L/R
(BLACK)
Br B/G
B/R B
W/L
Br/R
(BLACK)
B/Y Br
(BLACK)
Br
Y
Y/L
0
Br/L
L/R L/G
Sb L/B
W
Br
] _ a
Br
W/L
L/B
L/B
Y/L
(BLACK)
Br W/Y
W/B B
Br Br Br
W/L B/G W/Y
Br Br Br
W/Y B/G W/L
\
9
B
B
R
R
e f g
Br
R/G
R/W R/W R/W
Sb G/L L/R
d
Br
Br/L
h
5
4
Y L
Br/L
R
B
6
R
W/R
W/G
L/W
R/W
G/W
Y/B
G/R
Sb
G/L
W/B
B/R
T
S
R
B
Y
Y
Br
W/L
B
C
R/G
R/W
B/R
W/B
G/L
G/R
L/R
(BLACK)
(BLACK)
R
W L/Y Y/B
G/L
B/R
R/W L/W O B
R W/R W/G
G/W W/B
Sb G/R
W
G
L/Y
O
B
Sb W/R B
L/W
H
W W/L
B A B
O O A O
(BLACK)
L/Y W
B
(GRAY)
W/L B/R L/W
G/L Sb W
(GRAY)
L/W B/R W/L
W Sb G/L
W L/Y
B/L
F
O
B
L/R B
Q
B
O
W/R L/R
W/B R/W
L/R W/R
R/W W/B
(BLACK)
L
P
W/R L/W
Sb
Gy W
Sb
B
G/R R/G
(BLACK)
B
R/G G/R
P
L/W
W/R
3 Main switch
5 Carburetor heater fuse
6 Battery
7 Main fuse
S Thermo switch 2
T Carburetor heater
B L/R
L/R
B
(GRAY)
WIRE HARNESS IGNITION COIL LEAD
(GRAY)
A
I J K L M N O
B
L/Y
W
E
D
CARBURETOR HEATING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
CARBURETOR HEATING SYSTEM
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
CARBURETOR HEATING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
TROUBLESHOOTING
IF THE CARBURETOR HEATING SYSTEM FAILS TO OPERATE:
Procedure
Check:
1. Fuses (main, carburetor heater)
2. Battery
3. Main switch
4. Thermo switch 2
5. Carburetor heater
6. Wiring connection
(the entire carburetor warning system)
NOTE:
• Remove the following part(s) before troubleshooting.
1) Console
• Use the following special tool(s) for troubleshooting.
Pocket tester
P/N. YU-03112-C, 90890-03112
NO CONTINUITY
1. Fuses (main, carburetor heater)
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CORRECT
Replace the fuse(s).
2. Battery
• Check the battery condition.
Refer to “CHECKING AND CHARGING
THE BATTERY” in chapter 3.
INCORRECT
Open-circuit voltage
12.8 V or more at 20 °C (68 °F)
CORRECT
• Clean the battery terminals.
• Recharge or replace the battery.
INCORRECT
3. Main switch
Refer to “CHECKING THE SWITCH”.
CORRECT
Replace the main switch.
*
9 - 57
+
CARBURETOR HEATING SYSTEM
ELEC
*
4. Thermo switch 2
3
• Remove the thermo switch 2 from the wire
harness.
• Connect the pocket tester (Ω × 1) to the
thermo switch 2 1.
• Immerse the thermo switch 2 in a container filled with water 2.
• Place a thermometer 3 in the water.
• Slowly heat the water, than let it cool to the
specified temperature as indicated in the
table.
• Check the thermo switch 2 for continuity at
the temperatures indicated in the table.
Ω×1
1
2
È The thermo switch 2 circuit is closed.
É The thermo switch 2 circuit is open.
Test step
Water temperature Continuity
1
Less than 16 ± 3 °C
(60.8 ± 37.4 °C)
Yes
2
More than 16 ± 3 °C
(60.8 ± 37.4 °C)
No
3
More than 11 ± 3 °C
(51.8 ± 37.4 °C)
No
4
Less than 11 ± 3 °C
(51.8 ± 37.4 °C)
Yes
Test steps 1 & 2: Heating phase
Test steps 3 & 4: Cooling phase
GOOD
CONDITION
11
51.8
BAD CONDITION
Replace the thermo switch 2.
*
9 - 58
–
+
CARBURETOR HEATING SYSTEM
ELEC
–
+
*
5. Carburetor heater
• Remove the carburetor heater from the
carburetor.
• Connect the pocket tester (Ω × 1) to the
carburetor heater.
Tester (+) lead →
Carburetor heater terminal 1
Tester (–) lead →
Carburetor heater body 2
• Measure the carburetor heater resistance.
INCORRECT
Carburetor heater resistance
6 ~ 12 Ω at 20 °C (68 °F)
CORRECT
Replace the carburetor heater.
6. Wiring connection
• Check the connections on the entire carburetor heating system.
Refer to “CIRCUIT DIAGRAM”.
CORRECT
POOR CONNECTION
Properly connect the carburetor heating system.
This circuit is not faulty.
9 - 59
STARTING FAILURE/HARD STARTING
TRBL
SHTG
EBS00537
TROUBLESHOOTING
NOTE:
The following troubleshooting does not cover all the possible causes of trouble. It should be helpful,
however, as a guide to troubleshooting. Refer to the relative procedure in this manual for check,
adjustment and replacement of parts.
_
STARTING FAILURE/HARD STARTING
FUEL SYSTEM
Fuel tank
• Empty
• Clogged fuel filter
• Clogged fuel breather hose
• Deteriorated or contaminated fuel
Fuel pump
• Clogged fuel hose
• Damaged vacuum hose
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Spark plug
• Improper plug gap
• Worn electrodes
• Wire between terminals broken
• Improper heat range
• Faulty spark plug cap
Ignition coil
• Broken or shorted primary/secondary
• Faulty spark plug lead
• Broken body
C.D.I. system
• Faulty C.D.I. unit
• Faulty pickup coil
• Broken woodruff key
Carburetor
• Deteriorated or contaminated fuel
• Clogged pilot jet
• Clogged pilot air passage
• Sucked-in air
• Deformed float
• Worn needle valve
• Improperly sealed valve seat
• Improperly adjusted fuel level
• Improperly set pilot jet
• Clogged starter jet
• Starter plunger malfunction
Air filter
• Clogged air filter element
Switches and wiring
• Faulty main switch
• Broken or shorted wiring
• Faulty gear position switch
• Faulty brake light switch
Starter motor
• Faulty starter motor
• Faulty starter relay
• Faulty starter clutch
Battery
• Faulty battery
10 - 1
STARTING FAILURE/HARD STARTING/POOR IDLE SPEED
PERFORMANCE/POOR MEDIUM AND HIGH-SPEED PERFORMANCE
COMPRESSION SYSTEM
Cylinder and cylinder head
• Loose spark plug
• Loose cylinder head or cylinder
• Broken cylinder head gasket
• Broken cylinder gasket
• Worn, damaged or seized cylinder
Valve, camshaft and crankshaft
• Improperly sealed valve
• Improperly contacted valve and valve seat
• Improper valve timing
• Broken valve spring
• Seized camshaft
• Seized crankshaft
TRBL
SHTG
Piston and piston rings
• Improperly installed piston ring
• Worn, fatigued or broken piston ring
• Seized piston ring
• Seized or damaged piston
Crankcase and crankshaft
• Improperly seated crankcase
• Seized crankshaft
Valve train
• Improperly adjusted valve clearance
• Improperly adjusted valve timing
EBS00538
POOR IDLE SPEED PERFORMANCE
POOR IDLE SPEED PERFORMANCE
Carburetor
• Improperly returned starter plunger
• Loose pilot jet
• Clogged pilot jet
• Clogged pilot air jet
• Improperly adjusted idle speed (throttle stop
screw)
• Improper throttle cable play
• Flooded carburetor
Electrical system
• Faulty spark plug
• Faulty C.D.I. unit
• Faulty pickup coil
• Faulty charging/rotor rotation direction
detection coil
• Faulty ignition coil
Valve train
• Improperly adjusted valve clearance
Air filter
• Clogged air filter element
EBS00539
POOR MEDIUM AND HIGH-SPEED PERFORMANCE
POOR MEDIUM AND HIGH-SPEED PERFORMANCE
Refer to “STARTING FAILURE/HARD STARTING” and “POOR IDLE SPEED PERFORMANCE—
Valve train”.
Carburetor
Air filter
• Improper jet needle clip position
• Clogged air filter element
• Improperly adjusted fuel level
• Clogged or loose main jet
• Deteriorated or contaminated fuel
10
10 - 2
FAULTY DRIVE TRAIN
TRBL
SHTG
EBS00540
FAULTY DRIVE TRAIN
The following conditions may indicate damaged shaft drive components:
Symptoms
Possible Causes
1. A pronounced hesitation or “jerky” movement during acceleration, deceleration, or
sustained speed. (This must not be confused with engine surging or transmission
characteristics.)
2. A “rolling rumble” noticeable at low speed; a
high-pitched whine; a “clunk” from a shaft
drive component or area.
3. A locked-up condition of the shaft drive
mechanism, no power transmitted from the
engine to the front and/or rear wheels.
A. Bearing damage.
B. Improper gear lash.
C. Gear tooth damage.
D. Broken drive shaft.
E. Broken gear teeth.
F. Seizure due to lack of lubrication.
G. Small foreign objects lodged between the
moving parts.
NOTE:
Areas A, B, and C above may be extremely difficult to diagnose. The symptoms are quite subtle and
difficult to distinguish from normal vehicle operating noise. If there is reason to believe these components are damaged, remove the components and check them.
_
10 - 3
FAULTY GEAR SHIFTING/
FAULTY CLUTCH PERFORMANCE
TRBL
SHTG
EBS00542
FAULTY GEAR SHIFTING
HARD SHIFTING
Refer to “CLUTCH SLIPPING”.
SHIFT LEVER DOES NOT MOVE
Shift drum, shift forks
• Groove jammed with impurities
• Seized shift fork
• Bent shift fork guide bar
Transmission
• Seized transmission gear
• Jammed impurities
• Incorrectly assembled transmission
Shift guide
• Broken shift guide
JUMPS OUT OF GEAR
Shift forks
• Worn shift fork
Shift drum
• Improper thrust play
• Worn shift drum groove
Transmission
• Worn gear dog
EBS00543
FAULTY CLUTCH PERFORMANCE
ENGINE OPERATES BUT VEHICLE WILL NOT MOVE
Transmission
V-belt
• Damaged transmission gears
• Bent, damaged or worn V-belt
• V-belt slips
Primary pulley cam and primary pulley
slider
• Damaged or worn primary pulley cam
• Damaged or worn primary pulley slider
CLUTCH SLIPPING
Clutch spring
• Damaged, loose or worn clutch shoe spring
Clutch shoe
• Damaged or worn clutch shoe
POOR STARTING PERFORMANCE
V-belt
• V-belt slips
• Oil or grease on the V-belt
Primary sliding sheave
• Faulty operation
• Worn pin groove
• Worn pin
Primary sliding sheave
• Seized primary sliding sheave
Clutch shoe
• Bent, damaged or worn clutch shoe
10 - 4
FAULTY CLUTCH PERFORMANCE/OVERHEATING/
FAULTY BRAKE/SHOCK ABSORBER MALFUNCTION
POOR SPEED PERFORMANCE
V-belt
• Oil or grease on the V-belt
Primary pulley weight
• Faulty operation
• Worn primary pulley weight
Primary fixed sheave
• Worn primary fixed sheave
TRBL
SHTG
Primary sliding sheave
• Worn primary sliding sheave
Secondary fixed sheave
• Worn secondary fixed sheave
Secondary sliding sheave
• Worn secondary sliding sheave
EBS00547
OVERHEATING
OVERHEATING
Ignition system
• Improper spark plug gap
• Improper spark plug heat range
• Faulty C.D.I. unit
Fuel system
• Improper carburetor main jet (improper setting)
• Improper fuel level
• Clogged air filter element
Compression system
• Heavy carbon deposit
Engine oil
• Improper oil level
• Improper oil viscosity
• Inferior oil quality
Brake
• Brake drag
Cooling system
• Low coolant level
• Clogged or damaged radiator
• Damaged or faulty water pump
• Faulty fan motor
• Faulty thermo switch
Oil cooling system
• Clogged or damaged oil cooler
EBS00550
FAULTY BRAKE
POOR BRAKING EFFECT
Disc brake
• Worn brake pads
• Worn disc
• Air in brake fluid
• Leaking brake fluid
• Faulty master cylinder kit cup
• Faulty caliper kit seal
• Loose union bolt
• Broken brake hose and pipe
• Oily or greasy disc/brake pads
• Improper brake fluid level
EBS00551
SHOCK ABSORBER MALFUNCTION
MALFUNCTION
• Bent or damaged damper rod
• Damaged oil seal lip
• Fatigued shock absorber spring
10 - 5
UNSTABLE HANDLING/
LIGHTING SYSTEM
TRBL
SHTG
EBS00552
UNSTABLE HANDLING
UNSTABLE HANDLING
Steering wheel
• Improperly installed or bent
Steering
• Incorrect toe-in
• Bent steering shaft
• Improperly installed steering shaft
• Damaged bearing
• Bent tie-rods
• Deformed steering knuckles
Tires
• Uneven tire pressures on both sides
• Incorrect tire pressure
• Uneven tire wear
Wheels
• Deformed wheel
• Loose bearing
• Bent or loose wheel axle
• Excessive wheel runout
Frame
• Bent
• Damaged frame
EBS00553
LIGHTING SYSTEM
HEADLIGHT DOES NOT COME ON
• Improper bulb
• Too many electric accessories
• Hard charging (broken stator coil and/or
faulty rectifier/regulator)
• Incorrect connection
• Improperly grounded
• Poor contacts (main or lights switch)
• Bulb life expired
BULB BURNT OUT
• Improper bulb
• Faulty battery
• Faulty rectifier/regulator
• Improperly grounded
• Faulty main and/or lights switch
• Bulb life expired
10 - 6
YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.
2500 SHINGAI IWATA SHIZUOKA JAPAN
PRINTED IN U.S.A.
YXR660FAS WIRING DIAGRAM
W/G R
R W/G
W/R W/G
W/L W/R
W
W
W W
W W
W L/Y Y/B
B/R
G/L
G/W W/B
Sb G/R
(BLACK)
(BLACK)
(BLACK)
O O A O
R
R
W/G
W/R
W/G
1
R/W L/W O B
R W/R W/G
W
W
W
W
W
W
R
2
B
B
W
R
R
R
R
R
R
B
W
G/W
7
6
R
W
W/R
W/G
L/W
R/W
G/W
Y/B
G/R
Sb
G/L
W/B
B/R
B
B
O
E
B
B
C
A
(BLACK)
Y/L
WIRE HARNESS IGNITION COIL LEAD
L/Y
L/Y
W
F
W L/Y
B/L
G/W
L/W
B/Y
Y/L
L/Y W
B
B
B
B/Y L/W
L/B
B
G/W
Y/L
B
Br
9
B
B
B
0
Br
Y
W Sb G/L
R/W W/B
L/W B/R W/L
L/R W/R
(GRAY)
W W/L
R/G G/R
B
(BLACK)
(BLACK)
R
L/B
3
R
ON
OFF
START
Br/L R
B LB
Br/L
4
B/Y
R/G
B/Y Br
Br
L/B
W/L
W
W/L
Br/L
j
k
i
R/Y
R/B
h
B/Y
Br/R
Br/R B L/R
(BLACK)
(BLACK)
R/W
Br/R
Br/R
\
Br
Br
Br
Sb W/R B
L/W
U
Br/B
B/Y
Sb
W/L
Y/B Gy
Br/R L/R
Br Br Br
W/Y B/G W/L
H
L/R
L/R B
L/G B
m
o
OFF
n
(BROWN)
Br Br Br
W/L B/G W/Y
Y R/Y
G
W/Y
B/G
Y/B
Gy
Br/R
L/R
W/L
L
L
d
p
Y L
Y L
Br
Br
Br
e f g
L
B
Y G
R/W R/W R/W
Sb G/L L/R
Y G
q
q
Y G
Y G
B
B
G Y
B
B
B
L
L/R B
P
Gy W
P
G/R
Gy
B
Y
L Y G
B
B L/R
L
B
L B
R
X
L/R
L/G
r
r
B
G Y
B
Br Br Br
L/R G/L Sb
L/R L/G
Sb L/B
G/R Gy
B Br
(BLACK)
(GRAY)
L/G L/R
L/B Sb
Gy G/R
(BLACK)
(GRAY)
Br
L/W
W/R
Q
R/Y
R/B L
B
Br/R
Br/R
V
] _ a
Br
P
R/B
Br/R
Br/B
Br/R
Br/R B L/G
Br/L
l
P
R/G
R/W
B/R
W/B
G/L
G/R
L/R
Br/L
[
Br/L
Br/L
G/R R/G
(BLACK)
I J K L M N O
B
L/B
Br/L
W/B R/W
W/R L/R
(GRAY)
(BLACK)
Br/L
G/L Sb W
W/L B/R L/W
G
(BLACK)
5
Br
Sb
W/R L/W
2WD
4WD
LOCK
Sb Br
L/B
S
B
B
Y
Sb
G/L
Sb B/Y W/B
L/B Br Br/B B/R
L/R
Br
W/Y
B
b
Br W/Y
W/B B
(BLUE)
c
Br B/G
B/R B
Y
L/B B Br Sb
Br
B/G
(BLACK)
Z
B/Y Br/B B B/R W/B
T
(BLUE)
W/B
B
B/R
B
B
B
(BLACK)
B
COLOR CODE
B............ Black
Br .......... Brown
G ........... Green
Gy ......... Gray
L ............ Blue
O ........... Orange
P............ Pink
R ........... Red
Sb.......... Sky blue
W ...........White
Y ............Yellow
B/G.........Black/Green
B/R.........Black/Red
B/Y .........Black/Yellow
Br/B........Brown/Black
Br/L ........Brown/Blue
Br/R........Brown/Red
G/L .........Green/Blue
O
(GRAY)
(GRAY)
W
Y/L L/B
8
(BLACK)
B A B
A
D
O
G/R ........Green/Red
G/W .......Green/White
L/B .........Blue/Black
L/G.........Blue/Green
L/R .........Blue/Red
L/W ........Blue/White
L/Y .........Blue/Yellow
R/B.........Red/Black
R/G ........Red/Green
R/W .......Red/White
R/Y ........Red/Yellow
W/B........White/Black
W/G .......White/Green
W/L ........White/Blue
W/R .......White/Red
W/Y........White/Yellow
Y/B.........Yellow/Black
1 A.C. magneto
2 Rectifier/regulator
3 Main switch
4 Backup fuse
5 Carburetor heater fuse
6 Battery
7 Main fuse
8 Starter relay
9 Starter motor
0 Brake light switch
A Diode 1
B Reverse switch
C C.D.I. unit
D Ignition coil
E Spark plug
F Speed sensor
G Meter assembly
H Multi-function meter
I Differential gear lock indicator light
J Coolant temperature warning light
K Reverse indicator light
L Neutral indicator light
M Parking brake indicator light
N High-range indicator light
O Low-range indicator light
P Gear position switch
Q Parking brake switch
R Thermo switch 1
S Thermo switch 2
T Carburetor heater
U Four-wheel drive relay 1
V Four-wheel drive relay 2
W Four-wheel drive fuse
X Four-wheel drive relay 3
Y On-Command four-wheel drive switch and
differential gear lock switch
Z Gear motor
[ Diode 2
\ Indicator light assembly 1
] Four-wheel drive indicator light
_ Differential gear lock indicator light
a Coolant temperature warning light
b Four-wheel drive indicator light relay
c Differential gear lock indicator light relay
d Indicator light assembly 2
e Neutral indicator light
f Reverse indicator light
g Parking brake indicator light
h Signaling system fuse
i Ignition fuse
j Lighting system fuse
k Auxiliary DC jack fuse
l Circuit breaker (radiator fan motor)
m Light switch
n Auxiliary DC jack
o Thermo switch 3
p Radiator fan motor
q Headlight
r Tail/brake light
È Optional